Eliza Jane Read Sunderland Papers: 1865-1910
Summary Information
Title: Eliza Jane Read Sunderland Papers
Creator: Sunderland, Eliza Read, 1839-1910
Inclusive dates: 1865-1910
Extent: 4 linear feet
Abstract:
Lecturer, educator, author and advocate of women's rights during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, received Ph.D. in Philosophy from University of Michigan in 1892 under supervision of John Dewey. Papers include correspondence, some with Dewey and other leading philosophers, her student notebooks, articles, lectures and sermons.
Call number: 86201 Aa 2
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Bentley Historical Library Staff

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of the Sunderlands' granddaughter, Mrs. Harold Wethey (Donor no. 3061) and came to the library in 1972. Smaller accessions have been received from her since then. A small amount of material was received form a great-granddaughter of the Sunderland's, Janet Toohy Ferguson (Donor no. 9192) in 2002.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright was not transferred. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Alternate Format:

Portions of the Eliza Read Sunderland papers have been microfilmed and are available through inter-library loan. The microfilmed material, principally her student notebooks for course taught by John Dewey, is annotated in the contents list.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Eliza Jane Read Sunderland Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection, covering the period of 1865 to 1910, has been arranged into five series:

  1. Correspondence, 1865-1910 (bulk 1890-1910)
  2. Biographical/Writings, 1878 to 1903
  3. Notebooks, ca. 1884-1897
  4. Articles, Lectures, and Sermons
  5. Collected Articles and Clippings, ca 1878-1910

Biography

Eliza Jane Read Sunderland was a lecturer, educator, author and advocate of women's rights during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A native of Huntsville, Illinois, she graduated from Mount Holyoke Seminary in Massachusetts in 1865. After declining an offer to teach at Mount Holyoke, she returned to Illinois to become a teacher at Aurora High School. She soon became principal of this school, serving in this position for four years.

She left Aurora in 1871, upon her marriage to Unitarian clergyman Jabez T. Sunderland, but continued to teach in the various towns where he was a minister. During the 1880s, when her husband was the minister of the First Unitarian Church of Ann Arbor, Mrs. Sunderland entered the University of Michigan. Here she received her B.A. degree in 1889 and her doctorate in philosophy in 1892. Sunderland was one of the earliest women to receive a doctorate from the University of Michigan. Her thesis entitled "Man's Relation to the Absolute According to Kant and Hegel" was written under the supervision of Professor John Dewey.

Sunderland was an exceptional woman not only for the level of her education but also for the career that she made for herself. Unlike most churches in the nineteenth century, the Unitarian Church allowed women to enter the ministry. Although she never became a minister, Sunderland often took her husband's place in the pulpit as well as giving guest sermons in other Unitarian Churches. She was also an editor besides writing extensively for literary and religious papers and magazines of the day. And she was involved in different women's organizations. From 1886 to 1895, she served on the National Board of the Association for the Advancement of Women. In 1893, she served as one of the main speakers at the Women's Congress of the World's Columbian Exposition, and in 1907, she was elected to the school board in Hartford, Connecticut, becoming the first women to serve on that body.

Eliza Read Sunderland died March 3, 1910 in Hartford, Connecticut where she had moved in 1906.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Eliza Jane Read Sunderland papers document through correspondence, articles, sermons, and other materials the active life of an advocate of woman's rights during the last decades of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Ann Arbor (Mich.)
  • Education -- United States.
  • Unitarian churches.
  • Women -- Suffrage -- Michigan.
  • Women's rights -- Michigan.
  • Sermons.
  • Scott, Fred Newton, 1860-1931.
  • Sunderland, Eliza Read, 1839-1910.
  • Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942.
  • University of Michigan -- Student notebooks.
  • World's Columbian Exposition (1893: Chicago, Ill.)
  • Adams, Henry Carter, 1851-1921.
  • Angell, James Burrill, 1829-1916.
  • Association for the Advancement of Women.
  • Chapin, Augusta J., -1905.
  • Collyer, Robert, 1823-1912.
  • Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association.
  • Crane, Caroline Bartlett, 1858-1935.
  • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Eliot, Samuel Atkins, 1862-1950.
  • Gannett, William C. (William Channing), 1840-1923.
  • Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909.
  • Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910.
  • Jones, Jenkin Lloyd, 1843-1918.
  • Jordan, Myra Beach, 1863-1946.
  • Michigan Equal Suffrage Association.
  • Michigan State Federation of Women's Clubs.
  • National Alliance of Unitarian and other Liberal Christian Women.
  • Stone, Lucinda Hinsdale, 1814-1900.
  • Women's Western Unitarian Conference.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Correspondence [series]

The Correspondence series covers the period of 1865 to 1910, though it bulks largest for the period since 1880. This series is especially rich as it includes correspondence with faculty members at the University of Michigan, notably John Dewey, Henry Carter Adams, and President James B. Angell. Eliza Sunderland also corresponded with prominent figures in the Unitarian Church, individuals such as Augusta Chapin, Robert Collyer, Samuel A. Eliot, William C. Gannett, Edward Hale, and Jenkin Lloyd Jones. From her involvement with the Association for the Advancement of Women, Sunderland received a number of letters from Julia Ward Howe and other officers of the organization. At various times, she also corresponded with Caroline Bartlett Crane, Myra B. Jordan, Lucinda H. Stone, the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association, the Michigan Equal Suffrage Association, and the Michigan State Federation of Women's Clubs. Researchers interested in Sunderland's family concerns may also wish to view the Sunderland-Safford family papers which include Sunderland's letters to her daughter, Bertrude Safford-Sunderland.

Box   1  
Undated, 1865-1910 (36 folders)
 
Biographical/Writings [series]

The Biographical/Writings series consists of biographical information about Sunderland, also published copies of various pamphlets and articles authored by her. These date in the period of 1878 to 1903.

Box   2  
Biographical material (5 folders)
Box   2  
Pamphlets and articles by Mrs. Sunder 1878-1903 (2 folders)
 
Notebooks [series]

The Notebooks series has two subseries. The most extensive of these is a run of notebooks compiled by Sunderland while a student at the University of Michigan in the early 1890s. Most of these are for philosophy courses taught by John Dewey. There are also notes for other classes taught by Fred Newton Scott, James Tufts, and Henry Carter Adams. The other subseries - labeled as "Various" - includes notes taken while traveling in Europe and a diary of a trip to England in 1895.

Box   2  
University of Michigan student notebooks
Box   2  
Introduction to Philosophy course taught by John Dewey 1890

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Aesthetics course taught by Fred N. Scott 1890
Box   2  
Real Logic course taught by John Dewey 1890

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and Caird's Critical Philosophy of Kant courses taught by John Dewey 1890

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Studies in the History and Philosophy of Religion course taught by James H., Tufts 1891
Box   2  
Hegel's logic course taught by John Dewey 1891

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Hegel's Philosophy of Spirit course taught by John Dewey 1891

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Social and Industrial Reforms course taught by Henry Carter Adams 1891
Box   2  
Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century taught by John Dewey 1891 (2 volumes)

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Ethical Problems seminar taught by John Dewey circa 1892

(microfilm copy available: mf 622c)

Box   2  
Notebook contains seminar papers on Herbert Spencer's Psychology 1882 and Berkley's Principles of Human Knowledge, 1888 1882-1888
 
Various
Box   2  
Rough draft of Sunderland's PhD. thesis, undated
Box   2  
Notes on Rome, undated
Box   2  
Notes on Italy and Robert Burns, undated
Box   2  
Account book of household income and expenditures 1884-1894

(volume includes American history test questions in 1883)

Box   2  
Diary of trip to Eng 1895

(volume also includes accounts for 1896-1897)

 
Articles, Lectures and Sermons [series]

The largest series within the collection comprises the numerous Articles, Lectures, and Sermons given by Sunderland throughout her life. These have been arranged into two subseries: titles arranged alphabetically, and titles arranged chronologically (when that date is known). Many of these papers were given from Unitarian pulpits. Although many have religious themes, there are also a number that concern women's rights, the education of women, and women's issues in general. The sermons with dates span the years 1874 to 1909.

 
Alphabetical by title [subseries]
Box   2  
After Vacation, What?
Box   2  
Agnosticism
Box   2  
Agnosticism: A Historical and Practical Study
Box   2  
An Analysis of Jastro's "The Subconscious"
Box   2  
Books and Reading for Children Young and Old
Box   2  
Christian Art
Box   2  
Christianity Since Jesus
Box   2  
The Comparative Value of the Pulpit and the Press as a Means of Liberal Religious Propaganda
Box   2  
Conversion of the Barbarians
Box   2  
The Cross of Christ
Box   2  
The Duty of Patriotic Citizens in Time of War
Box   2  
Early American Literature
Box   2  
Early Beginnings of American Unitarianism
Box   3  
Education (2 folders)
Box   3  
The Educational Work of Women's Clubs
Box   3  
The Effects of the Reformation on Philosophy and Science
Box   3  
England at Play
Box   3  
England at School
Box   3  
The First Seven Years of the Child's Life
Box   3  
The Foundations of Religion
Box   3  
Herman Lotze
Box   3  
The High Church Movement
Box   3  
The Higher Education of Women
Box   3  
The History of Music
Box   3  
How Can We Know God?
Box   3  
The Influence of Religion Upon Fine Art
Box   3  
The Inspiration of the Vir (?) and of the Home
Box   3  
The Jewish Messiah
Box   3  
Longfellow
Box   3  
Man: His Origin, Destiny, and End
Box   3  
Medieval Universities
Box   3  
The New Basis of Civilization
Box   3  
New Testament Criticism of the Nineteenth Century
Box   3  
A New Year's Sermon on the Past, Present, and Future of Christianity
Box   3  
Old World Art in New World Life
Box   3  
Our Father Who Art in Heaven
Box   3  
Our Modern Sale of Indulgence
Box   3  
The Protective Tariff
Box   3  
Religion in Italy
Box   3  
Schopenhauer and Steiner
Box   3  
Some Religious Teachings of Emerson
Box   3  
The Soul
Box   3  
Studies in the Life of Jesus (4 folders)
Box   3  
Victor Hugo
Box   3  
Vocations and Avocations for Women
Box   3  
What is the Bible?
Box   3  
Whereesoever This Gospel Shall Be Preached ... There Shall Also This That His Women Hath Done, Be Told for a Memorial of Her
Box   3  
Will Education Destroy Intemperance?
Box   3  
William Wordsworth
Box   3  
Wise and Foolish Virgins in Gothic Cathedrals
Box   3  
Woman as an Economic Factor in the American Life
Box   3  
The World Waits Upon the Babe
 
Arranged by date [subseries]
 
1874
Box   3  
The Book
 
1880
Box   3  
Lucretia Mott
 
1881
Box   3  
The Attitude of the Great Religions of the World Toward Women
 
1882
Box   3  
Dr. J.G. Holland
 
1885
Box   3  
History of Unitarianism
Box   3  
The Study of Religious Literature as an Essential Part of Church Work
Box   3  
The Secret of Success in Life
Box   3  
The Problem of Life
Box   3  
Where is thy Brother
Box   3  
Bear Ye One Another's Burdens
Box   3  
The Everlasting Gospel
 
1888
Box   3  
Parasites
 
1889
Box   3  
What Has Jesus Done for the World
 
1890
Box   3  
A Christmas Sermon
 
1892
Box   3  
The Essence of Unitarian Christianity
Box   3  
In Memoriam
Box   3  
Scientific Truth and Religious Truth
 
circa 1892
Box   3  
Man's Relation to the Absolute According to the Philosophy of Kant and of Hegel
 
1893
Box   3  
The Higher Education of Women and Its Influence on the Home Life
Box   4  
Importance of the Study of Comparative Religion
 
1894
Box   4  
Lost Paradises
Box   4  
The Religious Field
Box   4  
The Historic Resurrection and the Real Resurrection
Box   4  
Old Testament Biblical Criticism
Box   4  
Immanuel Kant
Box   4  
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Box   4  
Arthur Schopenhauer and Karl Robert Edward Von Hartmann
Box   4  
August Comte
Box   4  
John Stuart Mill and Herbert Spencer
Box   4  
James Martineau
Box   4  
The Scientists
 
1895
Box   4  
Thomas Carlyle's House
 
1896
Box   4  
Immortality
Box   4  
Paul on Mars Hill
Box   4  
Three Stories of Creation
 
1897
Box   4  
Salvation
Box   4  
Elements Which Enter into the Making of a Great Soul
Box   4  
The Way of Salvation
Box   4  
The Secret of Jesus
 
1898
Box   4  
Some Things Worth Living For
 
1905
Box   4  
Righteousness
 
circa 1908
Box   4  
Political speech
Box   4  
Right and Wrong Uses of the Bible in Sunday School
 
1908
Box   4  
Henrik Ibsen
 
circa 1909
Box   4  
A Study of the American Public School System
 
1909
Box   4  
Some Reasons Why Women Should Have the Ballot
Box   4  
The Great Choice
Box   4  
The Growing Boy
Box   4  
The Making of the Man
Box   4  
Teaching and Healing
Box   4  
The Infancy Legends
 
Collected Articles and Clippings Files [series]

The Collected Articles and Clippings series consists of subject files relating to women and women's organizations, the education of women, and the condition of working women. This series also includes obituary notices of Sunderland following her death in 1910, and autograph/guest book Sunderland kept, with entries form 1890-1897.

Box   4  
Women and women's organizations undated
Box   4  
Women and women's organizations 1878-1899
Box   4  
Women and women's organizations 1900-1909
Box   4  
Working women 1879-1898 (2 folders)
Box   4  
Higher Education of Women and the Association of Collegiate Alumnae 1882-1897 (2 folders)
Box   4  
World's Congress of Representative Women 1893
Box   4  
Activities of Eliza Sunder 1877-1903
Box   4  
Obituaries of Eliza Sunder 1910
Box   4  
Notes on William Ewart Gladstone
Box   4  
Miscellanea (5 folders)
Box   4  
Autograph Book 1890-1897
Additional Descriptive Data
Partial Index to Correspondence
Adams, Henry Carter, 1851-1921.
  • Nov. 20, 1890
Angell, James Burrill, 1829-1916.
  • June 19, June 23, Nov. 12, 1888, July 4, 1895
Association for the Advancement of Women
  • 1886, 1887, 1890, 1891
Chapin, Augusta J., d. 1905.
  • Oct. 26, 1882, Feb. 2, 1885, Aug. 6, Aug. 16, 1893, Sept. 5, 1893
Collyer, Robert, 1823-1912.
  • Jan. 24, 1878, Aug. 23, 1881
Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association
  • 1908, 1909
Crane, Caroline Bartlett, 1858-1935.
  • Mar. 26, 1894, Jan. 8, 1902
Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • June 23, 1894
Eliot, Samuel Atkins, 1862-1950.
  • Mar. 22, 1905
Gannett, William Channing, 1840-1923.
  • Oct. 27, 1881, Oct. 11, 1882, Mar. 21, 1885
Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909.
  • Feb. 4, 1884, May 22, 1884
Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910.
  • Nov. 25, 1883, Mar. 2, Sept. 6, 1887, Aug. 20, 1888
Jones, Jenkin Lloyd, 1843-1918.
  • Oct. 7, 1881
Jordan, Myra Beach, 1863-1946.
  • 1892, Feb. 21, 1896, 1899 undated
Michigan Equal Suffrage Association
  • Jan. 5, 1887, Apr. 11, 1891, Mar. 12, Dec. 2, 1892
Michigan State Federation of Women's Clubs.
  • 1897, 1898
National Alliance of Unitarian and Other Liberal Christian Women
  • 1892, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1908, 1909
Stone, Lucinda Hinsdale, 1814-1900.
  • Sept. 28, Oct. 15, Oct. 25, 1891
Women's Western Unitarian Conference
  • 1882, 1886