Margaret Bell papers: 1919-1956
Summary Information
Title: Margaret Bell papers
Creator: Bell, Margaret, 1888-1969
Inclusive dates: 1919-1956
Extent: 6 linear feet
Abstract:
Correspondence and other files of Margaret Bell, chairman of the Department of Physical Education for Women of the University of Michigan, and physician in the University Health Service. Materials relate to University activities, conferences and speeches, copies of articles and other writings, and photographs.
Call number: 861055 Aa 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Marilyn Starr, March 1987

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was received form Mrs. Karl Illava on December 16, 1976 962

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Margaret Bell Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography
1888 Born in Chicago, Illinois, to Frank Elliott and Elizabeth T. (Dyer) Bell.
1903-1907 Attended John Dewey Laboratory School, University of Chicago High School.
1910 Graduate from Sargent School of Physical Education.
1910-1915 Taught at South Park Playground, Chicago.
1910-1916 Taught at Englewood High School.
1915 Graduated with B.S. from University of Chicago.
1916-1918 Taught at University of Chicago.
1918 Taught at Teachers' College, Chicago.
1920 Graduated from Trudeau School of Tuberculosis.
1921 Graduated with M.D. from Rush Medical School, Chicago; Assistant, Internal Medicine at Cardiac Clinics, Central Free Dispensary, Chicago.
1922 Research worker at Elizabeth McCormick Memorial Fund, Chicago.
1923 Received certificate from San Francisco Hospital, San Francisco.
1923 Co-director of Camp Tenaya, Yosemite, Ontario.
1923/24 Professor of Hygiene and Physical Education, Chairman Department of Physical Education for Women, Medical Advisor for Women at University of Michigan. (continued in these positions until 1956)
1929-1930 Instructor, Internal Medicine at University of Chicago Clinics.
1937-1938 New York Post Graduate School of medicine.
1969 Died

Professional and Service Organizations in Which Margaret Bell Was Active

  1. Organizations:
    • Physical Education
      • American Association for Health and Physical Education
      • Mid-West Physical Education Association
      • Michigan Physical Education Association
      • National College Directors' Society
      • Midwest College Physical Education Society
      • Sargent Alumnae Association
    • Education:
      • Michigan Education Association
      • National Education Association
    • Medical:
      • American Medical Association
      • American Public Health Association
      • American Student Health Association
      • Michigan Student Health Association
      • National Conference on College Hygiene
      • Washtenaw County Medical Society
    • Others:
      • Women's Research Society
      • A.A.U.W.
      • University of Chicago Alumni and Alumnae Associations
      • American Youth Hostels
  2. Honorary Societies:
    • Alpha Omega Alpha - Honorary Medical
    • Delta Omega - Honorary Public Health
    • Phi Kappa Phi - Honorary Education
    • Pi Lambda Theta - Honorary Education
    • Fellow, American Medical Association
    • Fellow, American College of Physicians (1932)
    • Fellow, American Association for Health and Physical Education (1933)
    • Fellow, American Public Health Association (1941)
  3. Outside Committees and Responsibilities:
    • Physical Education
      • American Association for Health and Physical Education and Recreation
      • 1929 Committee on Medical Examinations for Women and Girls
      • 1935 Executive Committee
      • 1935 Legislative Council
      • 1935 Governing Board
      • 1937 Vice-President
      • 1932-33 Section Chairman, Therapeutic Section
      • 1934-35 Section Chairman, Teacher Training Section
      • 1934 Dance Section Adviser
      • 1939-40 President
      • 1944 Committee to establish provisions for Health Service Health Instruction, Physical Education, Athletics and Recreation for U.S. Office of Education
      • American Youth Hostels
      • Regional Committee
      • 1938 Advisory Board, Great Lakes Area
    • Women's Athletic Section of American Association for Health and Physical Education
      • 1931 Member of Executive Committee and Legislative Board
      • 1934 Committee on Policy
      • 1934 Finance Committee
      • 1933-35 National College Directors' Society, Program Committee
      • 1931-33 Mid-West College Directors' Society, President
    • Mid-West Physical Education Association
      • 1930-32 Vice-President
      • 1932-34 President
      • 1933-34 Committee on Orthopedics
      • 1935-36 Committee on Reorganization and Policy
    • State Council on Physical Education, 1934
    • Michigan Physical Education Association
      • 1933-34 Advisory Committee
    • White House Committees
      • 1929 Leadership Training in Secondary Schools
      • 1929 Recreation and Physical Education
  4. Medical and Health Education
    • Washtenaw County Medical Society
      • 1936 Vice-President
      • 1938-39 Committee on Public Health Legislation
    • American Student Health Association
      • 1932-33 Committee on Physical Activities
      • 1932-33 Committee on Program
      • 1932-33 Women's Committee
      • 1938- Committee on Hygiene of Physical Activities
    • Michigan Student Health Association
      • 1936 Committee on Department Organization, Integration and Administration of Student Health
    • National Conference on College Hygiene
      • 1932-33 Committee on Interrelations and Correlation of
    • Hea1th Conference called by Governor Murphy in Lansing, 1938
    • National Conference for Cooperation in School Health Education
      • 1938 Member on Organization and Appraisal Committee
      • 1939 Executive Committee, alternate member-at-large
    • American Association of School Administrators
      • 1941-1942 Member, Commission on 1942 Yearbook on Health Education

Collection Scope and Content Note

The papers support the work and activities of Margaret Bell as Professor of Physical Education, Chairman of Department of Physical Education for Women, and a physician in Health Services at the University of Michigan from 1923 to 1956, and are divided into two sub-groups of personal activities and those specific to the University of Michigan.

The strength of the papers is found in the correspondence and reports which show the growth of physical education programs for women at the University and the identification of issues important to physical education and health in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, with the correspondence, speeches, and publications of Margaret Bell. Historical records about the Women's Athletic Building and the Women's Athletic Association are also important.

Significant correspondents include: Amos Alonzo Stagg, John Dewey, and Elmer D. Mitchell, as well as other physical education professionals: Elizabeth Halsey, Ernest Jokl, Julian Smith, Ruth Glassow, Jay B. Nash, Charles Harold McCloy, Mable Lee, Vance Blanchard, and Charles Forsyth.

Topics of special note include the article, "Athletic Competition for Women," written for AAU March, 29, 1954, as well as other articles about the physiological effects of exercise and sport for women. During the 1950s and early 1960s college women participated in playdays and sportsdays, rather than the organized intercollegiate athletic programs of the present day. There was concern that women were not physically capable of such strenuous demands of full-court basketball and were limited by the rules to half-court play during the 1950's, with two rovers being added in the 1960's.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Physical education for women -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Women -- Health and hygiene -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Women physicians -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Physicians -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • African Americans -- Women.
  • Athletic fields -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Children.
  • Clothing and dress -- 1920-1960.
  • Gymnasiums -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Physical education.
  • Sports.
  • Women.
  • Photographs.
  • Bell, Margaret, 1888-1969.
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Physical Education for Women.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Physical Education for Women.
  • University of Michigan -- Students -- Social life and customs -- 1951-1960.
  • Bell, Margaret, 1888-1969.
  • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Lee, Mabel.
  • Halsey, Elizabeth, 1890-
  • Jordan, Myra Beach, 1863-1946.
  • McCloy, Charles H. (Charles Harold), 1886-1959.
  • Mitchell, Elmer Dayton, 1889-
  • Nash, Jay Bryan, 1886-1965.
  • Palmer, Thomas Witherell, 1830-1913.
  • Stagg, Amos Alonzo, 1862-1965.
  • Sundwall, John, 1880-1950.
  • Yost, Fielding Harris, 1871-1946.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Biographical Information [series]
Box   1  
Biographical sketch, curriculum vita, etc.
 
Personal Correspondence [series]

Personal correspondence, 1926-1946, arranged chronologically by school year covers Margaret Bell's career at the University of Michigan. There are references to professional activities; however, the correspondence specifically related to professional assignments, such as departmental matters, speaking engagements or writings are filed with those subjects.

Box   1  
1926/27
Box   1  
1927/28
Box   1  
1928/29
Box   1  
1929/30
Box   1  
1930/31
Box   1  
1931/32
Box   1  
1932/33
Box   1  
1933/34
Box   1  
1934/35
Box   1  
1935/36
Box   1  
1936/37
Box   1  
1937/38
Box   1  
1938/39
Box   1  
1940/41
Box   1  
1942-1946
 
Talks and requests [series]

Talks and requests, 1928-1955, arranged chronologically and include transcripts of talks and related correspondence.

Box   1  
1928-1929
Box   1  
1930-1935
Box   1  
1939-1941
Box   1  
1942-1955
 
Talks 1936-1951 [series]

The Talks series, 1928-1955, is arranged chronologically with each talk and related correspondence file in separate folders. the series includes talks at educational organizations, social clubs and conferences.

Box   2  
Iowa State University, Iowa City, Iowa February 24, 1936
Box   2  
Progressive Education Association April 25, 1936
Box   2  
Playground Leaders' Institute, Camp Keewano Wohelo, Ottawa Beach, Holland, Mich. June, 1936
Box   2  
East Tennessee Education Association, October 26-28 1939
Box   2  
University of West Virginia, Morgantown July 15, 1940
Box   2  
8th International New Education Fellowship Conference, Ann Arbor, Mich. July 6-12, 1941
Box   2  
Representative Women's Clubs, Cleveland, Ohio February 14, 1942
Box   2  
Kiwanis Club, Battle Creek, Mich. February 19, 1942
Box   2  
Jackson High School, Jackson, Mich. March 3, 1942
Box   2  
6th Annual Vocations Conference, Michigan State University, East Lansing April 22, 1942
Box   2  
Seminar sponsored by Northwestern University and Office of Management Association of Chicago April 24, 1941
Box   2  
Radio talk, University of Michigan 10:30 p.m. May 1, 1942
Box   2  
Occupational Conference, "The Role of Women in the War Effort," University of Michigan, Ann Arbor January 6-8, 1943
Box   2  
Michigan Alumnae Council Group, Monroe, Mich. January 19, 1949
Box   2  
Women in a Defense Decade Conference, New York City Sept 27-28 (correspondence and handouts three folders) 1941
 
Articles [series]

Articles, 1930-1954, chronologically, with some articles included in the notebooks of the publication series.

Box   2  
Correspondence 1930-1944
Box   2  
Sargent Quarterly News Bulletin 1930, 1933, 1936
Box   2  
Athletic Competition for Women March 29, 1954
 
Publications [series]

Publications, 1929-1954, arranged chronologically in three notebooks, with drafts or, publications in which articles are included. Bibliography of publications included in front of Box 3.

Box   3  
Notebooks 1929-1954 (3 volumes)
Box   3  
Correspondence relating to 1942 Yearbook of the American Association of School Administrators 1940-1941
Box   3  
Requests for collaboration 1941, 1945
Box   3  
The Hygiene of marriage
 
Extra-University Appointments [series]

The Extra-university appointments series, 1931-1956, is arranged chronologically by organization and consists primarily of correspondence. The AAHPER Fitness Conference in Washington, D. C., Sept, 12-15, 1956 includes statements on physical fitness by well-known professionals - Dr. Elmer Mitchell is one of the participants.

Box   4  
Eastern Michigan Water Carnival Association 1931
Box   4  
Dancing Masters of America 1942/43
Box   4  
Southeastern Michigan Recreation Project, Dept. of Conservation 1943/44
Box   4  
American Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Committee on Affiliated Organizations 1949/50
Box   4  
Wayne-Washtenaw-Macomb County Coordinating Committee on Recreation 1943/44
Box   4  
Willow Run Recreational Project 1943/44
Box   4  
National Council on Physical Fitness 1944/45
Box   4  
Commission on Place of Calisthenics in Physical Fitness 1945-1945
Box   4  
Co-Chairman, Programming Section on School and Colleges, Joint Effort American Medical Association and National Council on Physical Fitness (declined) 1944
Box   4  
Committee on Physical Fitness and Commission on Physical Fitness for Women 1944/45
Box   4  
Medical Advisor to Committee on Physical Fitness
Box   4  
U. S. Office of Education, Committee for Establishing Provisions of Health Services, Health Instruction, Physical Education, Athletics, and Recreation 1944/45
Box   4  
Advisory Committee on Health, Physical Education, Recreation, School Camping and Outdoor Education, Michigan Department of Public Instruction 1945/46
Box   4  
National Education Association and American Medical Association, Joint Committee on Health Problems in Education 1947-1951
Box   4  
Educational Policies Committee 1949-1951
Box   4  
Midwest Association of College Teachers of Physical Education for Women 1949-1951
Box   4  
American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation Fitness Conference, Washington, D. C. September 12-15, 1956
Box   4  
The American College of Sports Medicine 1956
Box   4  
Miscellaneous 1943-1956
 
Miscellaneous Files [series]

The Miscellaneous files series includes school grade reports, certification records, contracts, etc. and Ann Arbor Golf and Outing Club memberships lists, 1934-1936.

Box   4  
Ann Arbor Golf and Outing Club 1934-1936
Box   4  
School grade reports, certification records, contracts
Box   4  
Miscellaneous (personal)
 
Photographs [series]

The Photographs series is arranged by subject, including: campus scenes; colleagues and friends; dancing; medical subjects; portraits; sports: archery, basketball, volleyball, fencing, golf, gym, field hockey, riding, swimming, diving, tennis, and track. In the colleagues and friends folder are pictures of Dr. Henry Montoye and Dr. Jay B. Nash.

Box   4  
Campus scenes, biking, picnicking
Box   4  
Colleagues, friends
Box   4  
Dancing
Box   4  
Medical subjects
Box   4  
Portraits
Box   4  
Sports: archery
Box   4  
Sports: basketball, volleyball
Box   4  
Sports: fencing, golf, gym, field hockey, riding
Box   4  
Sports: swimming, diving
Box   4  
Sports: tennis, track
 
University of Michigan Material [series]

The University of Michigan Material series includes files documenting Bell's teaching and administrative work.

 
Michigan League

Michigan League files, 1937-1950, include newspaper clippings on scrapbook sheets arranged chronologically. Bell was on the Board of Directors of the Michigan League.

Box   4  
1937-1942
Box   4  
1943-1947
Box   4  
1948-1950
 
Correspondence with Dr. John Sundwall, Chairman of the Division of Hygiene, Public Health, Physical Education

Correspondence, 1924-1939, with Dr. John Sundwall, Chairman of the Division of Hygiene, Public Health, Physical Education arranged chronologically and mainly covering department concerns.

Box   5  
1924/25, 1927/28-1928/29
Box   5  
1929/30-1930/31
Box   5  
1931/32-1932/33
Box   5  
1933/34-1935/36
Box   5  
1936/37-1938/39
 
Correspondence with the President's Office

Correspondence, 1919-1936, with President's Office, arranged chronologically. Includes mainly requests from physical education faculty to attend professional meetings.

Box   5  
1919-1930
Box   5  
1931-1936
 
Department of Physical Education for Women

Department of Physical Education for Women, 1924-1941, arranged by topic, beginning with history of the department (1895-1924); administration (1926-1928); reorganization plan (1941-1942); graduate programs (1931-1939); departmental studies (1940-941); tests (1922-1954); required physical education (1919-1941); extramural competition (1937-1941); camp; and publicity (1928-1970). Correspondence and reports provide the bulk of the information.

Box   5  
History 1895-1924
Box   5  
Administration 1926/27-1927/28
Box   5  
Regents' proceedings 1914-1929
Box   5  
Reorganization plan 1941-1942
Box   5  
Graduate program 1931-1939
Box   5  
Master's theses 1934-1940
Box   5  
Departmental studies 1940-1941
 
Required physical education
Box   5  
1919-1938
Box   5  
1939-1941
 
Tests
Box   5  
1922-1939
Box   5  
1930-1954
Box   5  
Extramural competition 1937-1941
Box   5  
Camp 1926-1935
Box   5  
Miscellaneous 1926-1928, 1936, 1940-1941
 
Publicity
Box   6  
1928-1939
Box   6  
1949-1962
Box   6  
1963-1967
Box   6  
1968-1970
Box   6  
Barbour Gymnasium-Budget records 1918/19-1922/23
 
Women's Athletic Building
Box   6  
1925-1927
Box   6  
January-February 1928
Box   6  
1929
Box   6  
1930-1933
Box   6  
1935-1937
Box   6  
1938-1939
Box   6  
1940-1941
Box   6  
Palmer Field, 1928-1930, History

The Palmer Filed file, 1928-30 includes letter from Dean Emeritus, Myra B. Jordan, in which she Identifies Senator Thomas Palmer of Detroit as the person who gave President Angell the money for the field.

 
Women's Athletic Association

Women's Athletic Association files, 1925-1940, are arranged by subject, including: history and constitution (1925-1928); president and treasurer's reports (1928-1932); and programs and publicity materials for Lantern Night (1924-1940), a program performed by students of the University of Michigan and sponsored by WAA and the freshman class. Cabin plans also included.

Box   6  
History and constitution 1925/26-1927/28
Box   6  
President and treasurer's reports 1928/29-1931/32
Box   6  
Lantern Night 1924-1940
Box   6  
Cabin plans 1931-1933
 
School of Education

The School of Education files, 1928-1941, consists of correspondence arranged chronologically. Letters and reports come mainly from Dean J. B. Edmunson.

Box   6  
1928-1932
Box   6  
1933-1934
Box   6  
1935-1936
Box   6  
1937-1939
Box   6  
1940-1941
Box   6  
University of Michigan Health Service 1928-1930
Box   6  
Committee on the Defense Training Program for Women 1941-1943