Stanley M. Swinton papers: 1935-1985
Summary Information
Title: Stanley M. Swinton papers
Creator: Swinton, Stanley M. (Stanley Mitchell), 1919-1982
Inclusive dates: 1935-1985
Extent: 5 linear feet
Abstract:
Journalist, foreign correspondent; correspondence, material accumulated as a journalist, articles, clippings, and other writings; and photographs.
Call number: 85517 Aa 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Michigan Historical Collections staff, 1980

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of Stanley M. Swinton (donor no. 5283) and came to the library in several accessions beginning in 1972.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Stanley M. Swinton has transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright was not transferred. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Stanley M. Swinton papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Stanley Mitchell Swinton was born September 1, 1919 in Charlevoix, Michigan He began his journalism career by working as a reporter--before graduating to editor-in-chief-- for the Broadcaster, the newspaper for University High School in Ann Arbor. He wrote his first professional news story at the age of 15 and sold it for $1 to the Detroit Free Press. This first journalistic victory cemented his desire to become a journalist.

The son of University of Michigan Engineering Mechanics Professor Roy Swinton, Stanley Swinton attended the University of Michigan and earned his B.A. in 1940. While a student, he held two jobs: one as city editor of the Michigan Daily, the other working for the Detroit Free Press. Swinton also wrote short stories and won the prestigious Hopwood award. On graduation day, he attended the ceremonies in the morning and began working as an editor for the Associated Press that very afternoon. At the onset of World War II, he took military leave and worked as a front-line combat correspondent in North Africa, Italy, and southern France, writing for the Stars and Stripes, a newspaper published for American GI's overseas. After the war, he continued his work as an AP correspondent. In 1947-1948, he was named chief of bureau for Southeast Asia and in 1948-1950 for the Middle East. In the 1950s he married the former Helen Rhodes Meek of Scarsdale, NY and together they raised three sons. Swinton continued his rise through the ranks of the Associated Press and was named vice president, assistant general manager and director of World Services in 1972.

Swinton's career spans the years of intense conflict throughout the world and his papers provide insightful commentary on world events. He met and interviewed military rebels, presidents, religious leaders, prime ministers, sports and entertainment figures, and VIPs throughout the world. In 1950, he managed to get expelled from Egypt by King Farouk when he disclosed that Farouk planned to make the fiancée of a young Egyptian commoner his Queen against her will. Among his most famous stories is an eyewitness account of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini hanging by his heels in a Milan square. In addition, he has interviewed Ho Chi-Minh, Ferdinand Marcos, the Shah of Iran, and Indira Gandhi. Swinton became a specialist on news media problems in third world countries and worked at many international conferences to improve relations between developing countries and the United States. His byline appeared in more than 100 countries.

Stanley Swinton remained with the Associated Press until he died of cancer August 29, 1982.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Stanley Swinton papers include correspondence; dispatch files; notebooks relating to the death of Mussolini, the Malayan insurgency in the late 1940s, and the Indonesian revolutions; notes of interviews with Seni Premot of Thailand, Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia, Ho Chi-Minh of Vietnam, Konrad Adenauer of West Germany, Joao Goulart of Brazil, Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines, and Kim Jong Pil of South Korea. The bulk of Swinton's writings will be found in the collection, either in draft or in clippings of his articles. The series in the collection are Correspondence; Newspaper career; Writings, speeches, etc.; Personal and miscellaneous; Photographs; and Printed Material.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Brazil.
  • Egypt.
  • Germany.
  • Indochina.
  • Indonesia.
  • Italy.
  • Journalists -- United States.
  • Korea.
  • Korean War, 1950-1953.
  • Malaya.
  • The Michigan Daily.
  • American newspapers.
  • Philippines -- History -- 1946-1986.
  • Philippines -- History -- Japanese occupation, 1942-1945.
  • Prisoners of war -- Philippines.
  • Prisoners of war -- United States.
  • Thailand.
  • Vietnam.
  • World War, 1939-1945.
  • Campaigns and battles.
  • Egypt.
  • Guerrillas.
  • Indochinese War, 1946-1954.
  • Indonesia.
  • Italy.
  • Journalists -- United States.
  • Korea.
  • Korean War, 1950-1953.
  • Malaya.
  • National liberation movements.
  • Newspaper industry.
  • Soldiers.
  • Thailand.
  • Vietnam.
  • World War, 1939-1945.
  • CD-ROMs.
  • Photographs.
  • Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967.
  • Associated Press.
  • Goulart, João, 1918-1976.
  • Hồ, Chí Minh, 1890-1969.
  • Kim, Chong-p'il.
  • Marcos, Ferdinand E. (Ferdinand Edralin), 1917-1989.
  • Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945.
  • Norodom Sihanouk, Prince, 1922-2012.
  • Seni Pramoj, M. R., 1905-
  • Sphinx (Fraternity : University of Michigan)
  • Swinton, Roy Stanley, 1886-
  • Swinton, Stanley M. (Stanley Mitchell), 1919-1982.
  • Associated Press.
  • Blum, Léon, 1872-1950.
  • Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945.
  • Niemöller, Martin, 1892-
  • Schuschnigg, Kurt, 1897-1977.
  • Sjahrir, Sutan, 1909-1966.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Correspondence [series]
Box   1  
Miscellaneous and undated
Box   1  
1933-1939
Box   1  
Undated--World War II
Box   1  
circa 1940-1941
Box   1  
circa 1942
Box   1  
1940-1941
Box   1  
1942-1944
Box   1  
1945
Box   1  
Undated 1945-1951
Box   1  
January-June 1946
Box   1  
July-December 1946
Box   1  
1947-1948
Box   1  
1949-1950
Box   1  
January-June 1951
Box   1  
July-December 1951
Box   1  
1952
Box   1  
1953
Box   1  
1954
Box   1  
January-February 1955
Box   1  
March-December 1955
Box   1  
January-November 1956
Box   1  
December 1956
Box   1  
1957
Box   1  
1958
Box   1  
1959
Box   1  
1960
Box   1  
1961-1965
Box   1  
1966
Box   1  
1967-1969
Box   1  
1970-1977
Box   1  
1978
Box   1  
1979-1980
Box   1  
1981
Box   1  
1982-1985
Box   1  
Clare Booth Luce letters, clippings and miscellaneous
 
Newspaper Career [series]
 
Interviews and notes on interviews
Box   2  
Premier Seni Premot, Thai 1946
Box   2  
Norodom Sihanouk, Cambodia 1946
Box   2  
Ho Chi-Minh, Vietnam 1946
Box   2  
S. Swinton interviewed on Indochina 1946
Box   2  
Konrad Adenauer, West Germany 1960
Box   2  
Carlos P. Garcia, Philippines 1960 (2 folders)
Box   2  
João Goulart, Brazil 1961
Box   2  
Ferdinand Marcos, Philippines 1970, 1973
Box   2  
Kim Jong Pil, South Korea 1973
Box   2  
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlevi, Iran 1976
 
Notebooks and notes
Box   2  
Death of Mussolini 1945
Box   2  
Malayan campaign circa 1947
Box   2  
Dutch-Indonesian Agreement 1948
Box   2  
Indonesian Revolution 1966
Box   2  
General undated, circa 1965 (2 volumes)
Box   2  
Interview notes and transcripts circa 1946-1976
 
Dispatches
Box   2  
Michigan Daily 1938
Box   2  
Stars and Stripes 1943-1945
Box   2  
Southeast Asia 1945-1948 (6 folders)
Box   2  
Egypt 1948-1950
Box   2  
Korea 1950-1951 (7 folders)
Box   2  
Indonesia 1966
Box   2  
General 1951-1960 (2 folders)
Box   2  
General 1961-1976 (2 folders)
 
Other materials
Box   2  
Miscellaneous memoranda
Box   2  
Expense accounts
 
Newsclipping file

(includes both articles by Swinton and about him)

Box   2  
Michigan Daily 1936-1940
Box   2  
World War II 1941-1945
Box   2  
Southeast Asia 1945-1948 (3 folders)
Box   2  
Southeast Asia 1966, 1978
Box   2  
Egypt 1948-1950, 1978
Box   2  
Korean War 1950-1951 (2 folders)
Box   2  
Latin America, general 1960-1963 (2 folders)
 
General
Box   2  
1938-1939
Box   2  
1951-1960 (2 folders)
Box   3  
1961-1970
Box   3  
1971-1977
 
Personal (about or with mention of Swinton)
Box   3  
1940-1950
Box   3  
1951-1960 (2 folders)
Box   3  
1961-1962
Box   3  
1963-1965
Box   3  
1966
Box   3  
1967-1968
Box   3  
1969-1978
Box   3  
General circa 1940-1984
Box   3  
Asia 1947-1975
Box   3  
Latin America 1960-1979
Box   3  
World News 1945-circa 1980
 
Writings, speeches, etc. [series]
 
Newspaper and other Articles
Box   3  
Miscellaneous circa 1938-1965
Box   3  
Asia circa 1946-1978
Box   3  
Australia 1973
Box   3  
Europe 1951-1973
Box   3  
Dutch-Indonesian Conflict 1946-1947
Box   3  
Greece 1981
Box   3  
Latin America circa 1960-1979
Box   3  
Michigan circa 1939-1966
Box   3  
Technology and the Press circa 1959-1981
Box   3  
World News, miscellaneous circa 1950-1970
Box   3  
World War II 1942-1966
Box   3  
Article Titles 1945-1969
Box   3  
Book Reviews 1938-1982
Box   3  
Speeches and Remarks 1969-1979
Box   3  
Speeches and lectures 1945-1971 (2 folders)
Box   3  
Autobiography 1935-1936
Box   3  
Student newspaper, University High School 1935-1936
Box   3  
Television script, "Mussolini," 1957-1958 (3 folders)
Box   3  
Book reviews 1958-1960
Box   3  
Short story file, most written 1935-1939 (15 folders)
 
Personal and Miscellaneous [series]
Box   4  
General circa 1930-1970
Box   4  
Agents' Training Course (Corps of Military Police) 1942
Box   4  
Appointment Book 1972
Box   4  
Associated Press 1937-1956
Box   4  
Associated Press 1957-1971
Box   4  
Associated Press 1974-1979
Box   4  
Associated Press 1981-1982
Box   4  
Cabot Award 1981
Box   4  
Fiction circa 1935-1938
Box   4  
Invitations circa 1947-1978
 
School
Box   4  
University High 1935-1936
Box   4  
University of Michigan 1936-1937

(include fragmentary diary)

Box   4  
World War II and later circa 1940-1949
 
Personal file, orders, passes, etc.
Box   4  
Miscellaneous and undated
Box   4  
1938-1940
Box   4  
1941-1950 (2 folders)
Box   4  
1951-1960 (2 folders)
Box   4  
1961-1966
Box   4  
1967-1974
Box   4  
Invitations (3 folders)
Box   4  
Distinguished Alumni Award 1966-1967
Box   4  
Roy S. Swinton, prison camp reminiscence 1945
Box   4  
Obituaries of friends of S. Swinton, scattered dates
Box   4  
Interview of Swinton and others on "Third World & the Press," 1978
 
Photographs [series]

The Photographs series (0.5 linear feet) covers the years 1936-1980 and contains hundreds of photos, a small number of negatives, and a few slides. The photos illustrate in great detail his work during World War II. They also document his many interviews with noteworthy persons. Also included is the famous photograph of the hanging body of Mussolini (Swinton can be seen standing in the background). The majority of the photos are in black and white, including those in the 1960s and 1970s.

 
Portraits
Box   5  
1936-1969
Box   5  
1970-circa 1978
Box   5  
Miscellaneous Activities 1937-1980 (3 folders)
Box   5  
Associated Press--General 1949-1980
Box   5  
Associated Press bureaus and other newsrooms 1951-circa 1960
Box   5  
Associated Press dinner 1968
Box   5  
Associated Press Treaty Signings 1958-1980
Box   5  
Egypt 1948-1950
Box   5  
Entertainment Figures circa 1951-1969
Box   5  
Foreign Officials 1948-1977
Box   5  
Indochina 1945-1948
 
Indonesia
Box   5  
1945
Box   5  
1946-1948

(includes photos of Swinton with Soetan Sjahrir)

Box   5  
Italy 1944-1945

(includes photos of Léon Blum, Martin Niemöller, and Kurt von Schuschnigg after release from prison camp, and of the site of Mussolini's death)

Box   5  
Korea 1950-1951
Box   5  
Malaysia and Singapore 1945-1948
Box   5  
Pope Pius XII 1954
 
Presidents of the World
Box   5  
1945-1978
Box   5  
Ferdinand Marcos 1966
Box   5  
Sports Figures 1960-1961
Box   5  
Thai 1945-1948
Box   5  
United States officials and other public figures 1951-1980
Box   5  
Negatives circa 1941-1980
Box   5  
Slides of Indira Gandhi 1966
Box   5  
CD-ROM photos of Stanley Swinton chosen for his study wall
 
Printed Material [series]
Box   5  
Voice of Free Indonesia 1946-1947 (17 issues)
Box   5  
Pantja Raja 1947
Box   5  
Vietnam-American Friendship Association Review 1945-1946 (5 issues)
Box   5  
Miscellaneous university publications containing articles by Swinton 1937-1939
Box   5  
Miscellaneous, scattered dates