George Romney Papers: 1920s-1973
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Container / Location Title
 
Senate Career 1942-1954 [series] (13.5 linear feet)

The largest of the series in the collection is that related to Ferguson's Senate Career (1942-1954; 13.5 linear ft.) and includes six subseries: Committees; Correspondence; Legislative Record; Public Addresses; Topical Files; and Voting Record.

 
Committees [subseries]

Under the Committees heading, the researcher will find materials that reflect the investigative side of Homer Ferguson. Organized alphabetically by committee, the materials are those collected or issued by Ferguson during the many senatorial investigations of which he was a part. The researcher will find correspondence; government documents; reports; statements; news releases; handwritten notes; and transcripts of hearings, in varying degrees throughout the files, the majority of which pertain to Ferguson's membership on the Special Committee Investigating the National Defense Program, and the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack.

 
Appropriations
Box   2  
Bradley, Omar (re:, 1950 testimony before Committee and subsequent news leaks to Drew Pearson)
Box   2  
Grain Speculation
 
Trips
Box   2  
Trip Around the World 1949

(includes "Senator's Notes")

Box   2  
Miscellaneous 1949-1952

(includes handwritten notes on Far East)

 
Subcommittees
Box   2  
Armed Services (re: Thule Air Force Base)
Box   2  
Commodity Speculation material re: Edwin Pauley 1948
Box   2  
Foreign Economic Cooperation 1952

(committee agent and mission chief reports)

Box   2  
State Department (mostly re: loyalty investigations)
 
Expenditures in the Executive Department: Senate Investigations Subcommittee
Box   2  
General
Box   2  
Koch, Ilsa
Box   2  
Office of Education
Box   2  
Remington, William R. (re: loyalty investigation)
Box   2  
Surplus Property
 
Investigations
Box   2  
Material re: general rules and procedures for committees and subcommittees
 
Judiciary
Box   2  
Attendance Record
 
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee
Box   2  
General
Box   2  
Institute of Pacific Relations
 
National Defense Program (Special Committee Investigating the National Defense Program)
 
Correspondence

(see also Topical Files)

The correspondence portion of the National Defense Program files is comprised of both incoming and outgoing letters and is arranged chronologically by year. The incoming letters are the more interesting and contain letters from citizens describing conditions at various defense plants throughout the country. In addition, there are memoranda from committee counsel, and letters and materials from companies under investigation. The Senator's own correspondence is primarily comprised of letters thanking individuals for sending him information.

Box   3  
1943 (2 folders)
Box   3  
1944
Box   3  
1945
Box   3  
1946 (2 folders)
Box   3  
1947
Box   3  
1948
 
Topical Files

The Topical Files, arranged alphabetically, also contain correspondence as well as the types of materials mentioned above. Ferguson's views regarding the investigations undertaken and the individuals and companies involved can be partially determined from the files, but are often only broadly stated, and need to be supplemented by the Committee's published reports. The Topical Files may be helpful to the researcher with specific interest in one of the many areas that was investigated by the Committee. There are, for example, extensive files on the Hughes Corporation; highways; and the Willow Run Bomber Plant.

Box   3  
Aeronautics
Box   3  
Aircraft and Aviation (2 folders)

(see also Curtiss-Wright Corporation)

Box   3  
Alaska

(includes materials re: Canol project; military operations; highway system; and postwar land settlement)

Box   3  
Aluminum

(correspondence re: postwar plant disposition--includes letter from Stuart Symington)

Box   3  
Army Depots (mostly re: investigation of Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas) 1944
Box   4  
Barges

(mostly background materials and exhibits; some correspondence)

Box   4  
Braniff Airways

(three memoranda on aspects of Braniff airmail operations prepared for Ferguson by committee staff member)

Box   4  
Canol Oil Project (2 folders)

(background reports, analyses, and correspondence, including Harold Ickes letter.)

(see also Alaska)

Box   4  
Carbon Black (2 folders)

(correspondence; committee report; exhibits; briefs; memoranda)

Box   4  
Coal

(mostly citizen correspondence re: shortage)

Box   4  
Cigarettes (material re: shortage) (2 folders)
Box   4  
Curtiss-Wright Corporation

(see also Aircraft and Aviation)

Box   4  
Detroit Tools (4 folders)
Box   4  
Engineering Services (2 folders)
Box   4  
Executive Sessions

(miscellaneous minutes dealing with a variety of Committee related topics)

Box   5  
Farm Machinery

(primarily correspondence, lists of questions, and prepared answers)

Box   5  
Garrson, Henry

(correspondence and Garrson statement re: investigation of Andrew J. May, Henry Garrson and Murray Garrson, et al)

Box   5  
Guatemala

(notes to Ferguson re: Disposal of Finca "El Porvenir," Cinchona (Quinine) Plantation in Guatemala)

Box   5  
Highways

(mostly correspondence re: Alcan and Pan-American highways)

Box   5  
Hotels (material re: Army and Navy use and acquisition of Florida hotels)
Box   5  
Housing

(see also "Willow Run")

 
Hughes Aircraft Company
Box   5  
General (7 folders)

(interesting material re: flying boat project controversy)

Box   5  
Wiretapping Controversy
Box   5  
Intelligence Activities, Foreign

(letter from Ferguson to James Mead describing the need for investigation)

Box   5  
Inter-American Highway

(includes interesting letter to/from Nelson Rockefeller)

(see also "Highways")

Box   5  
Labor Reports (drafts of Committee reports)
Box   5  
Littell, Norman

(re: his resignation as Assistant Attorney General)

Box   5  
Magee, Harry (Committee field investigator-miscellaneous reports)
Box   6  
Magnesium (3 folders)
 
Manpower
Box   6  
1944

(mostly correspondence)

 
1945

(mostly correspondence)

Box   6  
January 1945 (2 folders)
Box   6  
February 1945
Box   6  
March 1945
Box   6  
April-July 1945
Box   6  
Navy Yards (2 folders)
Box   6  
Textiles

(mostly testimony and background materials)

Box   6  
May, Andrew J.

(see also "Henry Garrson")

Box   6  
Meyers, Bennett E.

(citizen mail and Stuart Symington statement regarding Meyers' war profiteering)

Box   6  
Military Government in Europe

(interesting material re: controversy over Committee counsel's report)

Box   7  
Motor Equipment
Box   7  
Navy Contracts
Box   7  
Newsprint (correspondence and memoranda) (2 folders)
Box   7  
Pipelines
Box   7  
Remington-Rand and Schick Corporations
Box   7  
Saudi Arabia Oil Imports
Box   7  
South America

(see also "Highways," and "Inter-American Highway")

Box   7  
Subjects Investigated

(list of subjects investigated by committee in which Ferguson participated)

Box   7  
Sugar
Box   7  
Surplus Property (2 folders)
Box   7  
Tank Arsenal (mostly correspondence)
Box   7  
Tool and Die Companies
Box   7  
Transportation
 
Trips: 1945
Box   7  
Caribbean (mostly background material)
Box   7  
European
Box   7  
West Coast
Box   7  
Tucker Corporation

(material related to its acquisition of Chicago Dodge Chrysler Plant and Clippings re: alleged payoffs to Ferguson)

 
Willow Run Bomber Plant
Box   7  
General (2 folders)

(mostly correspondence and reports related to plant conditions; includes materials on transportation, manpower, and proposed shopping center)

Box   7  
Housing (2 folders)

(includes information on transportation)

Box   7  
Wright Aeronautical Corporation
Box   8  
Miscellaneous (2 folders)
 
Pearl Harbor (Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack)

The Pearl Harbor Committee files should be used in conjunction with the material published by the Committee in 1946. The researcher may, in fact, find that many of Ferguson's documents are part of the published record, although an effort has been made to cull them from the files.

 
Correspondence Undated

The correspondence is arranged chronologically by month and year, and is mostly citizen mail, the more important exceptions to which are noted on the contents list.

 
1944
Box   8  
May-June 1944

(includes letter to/from Army Judge Advocate General)

Box   8  
July-August 1944
Box   8  
September-October 1944

(includes letters to/from Secretaries of War and Navy)

Box   8  
November-December 1944
 
1945
Box   8  
January-August 1945
Box   8  
September 1945 (2 folders)
Box   8  
October 1945

(includes correspondence with Committee Counsel and Secretary, Republican Steering Committee)

Box   8  
November-December 1945

(includes correspondence with Committee Counsel and other non-citizen type mail)

 
1946
Box   8  
January 1946
Box   8  
February 1946
Box   8  
March-April 1946
Box   8  
May-August 1946
 
Source Documents
Box   9  
Government documents (mostly) to which the committee had access (5 folders)

(see also Topical Files)

 
Topical Files

The Topical Files, arranged alphabetically contain interesting material but are not particularly revealing of Ferguson's own views of the Committee's work. His handwritten notes are fragmentary, and appear to have been written primarily during the Committee's hearings. They hint at what the Senator found of interest, but not why, and at times they merely take the form of questions directed at particular individuals. In the Charles Beard file there is very interesting correspondence between Ferguson, Beard, and Beard's nephew, George H. E. Smith (Secretary of the Republican Steering Committee), regarding Beard's involvement with the committee work of Ferguson. Many of the documents collected by Ferguson regarding individuals and aspects of the investigation are interesting in and of themselves (see, for example, Cordell Hull and Frank Knox), but, again, the researcher should first become familiar with the published material.

Box   9  
Aircraft Warning (miscellaneous documents)
Box   9  
Appropriations, Military (letter and chart re: period) 1933-1941
Box   9  
Barkley, Alben (typewritten remarks re: Barkley's meeting with FDR) August 18, 1941

("Make a file and mark it if Barkley Resignes (sic)" notation at top)

Box   9  
Beard, Charles A.

(includes interesting correspondence re: Ferguson and the Committee)

Box   9  
Bellinger, Patrick

(statement before Committee, and Ferguson notes)

Box   9  
Bicknell, George

(mostly lists of questions, and affidavits)

Box   9  
Blue Plan
Box   9  
Bratton, Rufus S.

(lists of questions, summaries of testimony, Ferguson notes)

Box   9  
Brink, Francis G. (list of questions)
Box   9  
Butler, Nicholas

(re: his 1933 conversation with Japanese envoy)

Box   9  
Chronologies, Events Leading up to Attack (2 folders)
Box   9  
Clausen, Henry C.

(material re: his investigation of Pearl Harbor attack)

Box   9  
Codes
Box   9  
Committee Counsel (2 folders)

(correspondence and memoranda: mostly requests for information)

Box   9  
Crowley, James

(correspondence re: his negative reaction to the committee minority report and subsequent radio broadcast)

Box   9  
Davis, Forrest

(list of questions re: his book How War Came)

Box   9  
Dewey, Thomas

(includes copies of interesting correspondence from General Marshall to Dewey re: code deciphering)

Box   9  
Dolan, P.A. (incoming correspondence)
Box   9  
Dooman, Eugene

(memo to Ferguson re: informal negotiations between U.S. and Japan prior to attack)

Box   9  
Edgers, Dorothy

(testimony re: her work as a translator)

Box   9  
Flynn, John T
Box   9  
Forrestal, James (list of questions)
Box   9  
G-2 Military Intelligence Estimates
Box   10  
Gerow, L.T. (statements, notes, lists of questions)
Box   10  
Gillette, Guy M
Box   10  
Glassford, William A. (list of questions)
Box   10  
Glover, C.D. (list of questions)
Box   10  
Grew, Raymond (mostly lists of questions, and handwritten notes)
Box   10  
Grunert, Lt. Gen. (lists of questions)
Box   10  
Hart, Thomas C
Box   10  
Herron, Charles D
Box   10  
Hiranuma Proposal
Box   10  
Hornbeck, Stanley
Box   10  
Hull, Cordell (2 folders)

(lists of questions; notes; testimony; copies of correspondence between Owen Roberts and Hull; copies of correspondence between Charles Beard and Owen Brewster)

Box   10  
Inglis, Thomas B.

(list of questions, and statement)

Box   10  
Ingersol, R.E. (handwritten questions)
Box   10  
Jones, E. Stanley

(Protestant missionary alleged to be involved in peace talks in 1941)

Box   10  
Kimmel, Husband E.

(handwritten notes and questions; statement; documents)

Box   10  
King, Admiral (typewritten notes and questions)
Box   10  
Knox, Frank

("Report By The Secretary of The Navy To The President" (post December 7, 1941), and Eugene Dooman report of1940 conference with Knox, et al)

Box   10  
Kramer, A.D.

(mostly documents, handwritten notes, and questions)

Box   10  
Leavell, John H.

(correspondence and documents re:1941 oil situation in Dutch East Indies)

Box   10  
McCollum, A.H.

(mostly handwritten notes and questions)

Box   10  
Marshall, George (2 folders)

(mostly questions, testimony, and documents)

Box   10  
Miles, Sherman

(mostly lists of questions; documents; and testimony)

Box   10  
Minority Report (incomplete)
Box   10  
Naiden, Mary
Box   10  
Naval Duties, Division of
Box   10  
"Notes On Majority Report," July 19, 1946
Box   10  
Noyes, L.

(mostly typewritten notes)

Box   10  
Orders of Proof, Committee
Box   10  
Phillips, Colonel

(statement and lists of questions)

Box   10  
Resolutions Committee (4 folders)
Box   10  
Richardson, James O.

(mostly lists of questions)

Box   10  
Roberts, Owen J.

(material re: Roberts Commission)

Box   10  
Rochefort, Joseph J.

(affidavit, and handwritten notes)

Box   10  
Roosevelt, Franklin D.: Committee Access to his Papers and Files
Box   10  
Sadtler, Otis K.

(mostly lists of questions)

Box   10  
Safford, L.F.

(statement; lists of questions; documents)

Box   10  
Schuirman, R.E.

(testimony, and lists of questions)

Box   10  
Short, Walter C.

(mostly lists of questions, and materials re: his retirement)

Box   10  
Smith, Bedell
Box   10  
Smith, George H.E.: Secretary, Republican Steering Committee

(several interesting letters to Ferguson)

Box   10  
Standley, Admiral
Box   11  
Stark, Harold

(mostly testimony; lists of questions; and documents)

Box   11  
State Department Documents (miscellaneous) (2 folders)
Box   11  
Stimpson, Henry

(mostly statements, and lists of questions)

Box   11  
Toulmin, Harry

(one letter to Ferguson)

Box   11  
Turner, Richard

(testimony; handwritten notes; and questions)

Box   11  
Wainwright, Jonathan
Box   11  
War Plans
Box   11  
Warning Messages: November 26-27, 1941

(handwritten notes)

Box   11  
Welles, Sumner

(handwritten notes, and includes draft of interesting Ferguson letter to New York Times)

Box   11  
Wilkinson, T.S.

(mostly handwritten notes, and questions)

Box   11  
Winds Message
Box   11  
Witnesses

("Revised Order Of Proof And List Of Witnesses, And Explanatory Memoranda": by retiring Committee counsel for new counsel)

Box   11  
Wyman, Theodore
Box   11  
Zacharias, Ellis
Box   11  
Miscellaneous (3 folders)
 
Correspondence [subseries]

Under the heading Correspondence, the researcher will find incoming and outgoing letters arranged chronologically by year. The former cover a variety of routine matters, while the latter deal mostly with travel related concerns: preparation; hospitality; and contacting the families of servicemen he met while abroad. Martin Gold, Hong Kong businessman, wrote frequently to Ferguson about the political and economic situation in the Far East.

Box   11  
Undated, 1947-1949
Box   11  
1949-1950

(Martin Gold)

Box   11  
1950
Box   11  
1951-1954
Box   11  
December 1951-January 1952

(samples of letters to families of servicemen visited on 1951-1952 trip to Korea)

 
Legislative Record [subseries]

Ferguson's Legislative Record (amendments offered; bills and joint resolutions introduced; motions and resolutions offered; reports; and remarks) and Voting Record (key votes; agriculture; appropriations; defense production act; education and welfare; foreign policy; labor; military and veterans; miscellaneous and administrative; and taxes and economic policy) are crucial to understanding where he stood on the major issues of his day.

Box   12  
Record Books (2 volumes)
 
Public Addresses [subseries]

Also important to an understanding of Ferguson's career in the Senate are his public addresses, which took the form of speeches, statements, releases, and radio broadcasts.

Box   12  
Undated
Box   12  
1943-1946
Box   12  
1947
Box   12  
1948
Box   12  
1949
Box   12  
1950
Box   13  
1951 (2 folders)
Box   13  
1952 (2 folders)
Box   13  
1953 (2 folders)
Box   13  
1954 (4 folders)
 
Topical Files [subseries]

In the Topical Files subseries, the researcher will find the biographical materials relating to Ferguson's senate career of interest, as well as those items that shed light on the often stormy relationship between Drew Pearson and the Senator (see Coplan, Pearson, and Thomas files). The correspondence and documents found in the Herbert Hoover file reveal a close relationship between the two men, in which Ferguson often times served as a conduit for making public the views of the former president on various topics. And the researcher should also note Ferguson's accounts of his various trips (see Diaries, and Travel).

Box   13  
Biographical (2 folders)

(materials re: Ferguson's career as a Senator, often used in his reelection campaigns)

Box   13  
Brannan Program

(lengthy statement expressing opposition to the program--author unknown)

Box   13  
Bricker Amendment

(sample letter re: Ferguson's views on the amendment)

Box   13  
Brown, Prentiss M. (re: Truman appointment)
Box   13  
Clark, Tom

(mostly documents re: his appointment to the Supreme Court, 1949)

Box   14  
Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference: Australia (report on) 1950
Box   14  
Communism

(miscellaneous materials, includes some correspondence, mostly related to communists in government)

Box   14  
Coplon, Judith

(correspondence; clippings; statement re: Drew Pearson/Tom Clark/Ferguson controversy over Coplon)

Box   14  
Copper

(mostly correspondence re: closing down of Michigan copper mines, 1945)

Box   14  
Cullum, Dyke

(re: commodity speculation)

Box   14  
Defense Spending

(1954 letter from C.E. Wilson, and draft of "A Nation Secure-Today and Tomorrow" speech)

Box   14  
Democratic Party of Michigan

(press release (?) re: controversy over Post Office jobs/financial contributions)

Box   14  
Department of Defense

(undated list of questions from Ferguson)

Box   14  
Diaries

(mostly recorded during Senatorial trips)

Box   14  
Education and Exchange Programs
 
Elections
Box   14  
1942

(letter from Prentiss Brown re: setting up debates)

Box   14  
1948 (2 folders)

(includes materials re: Democratic request for recount)

Box   14  
1954
Box   14  
Expatriation Act 1954

(mostly drafts of the bill)

Box   14  
Foreign Aid 1947

(Ferguson letter to Styles Bridges re: Herter Select Committee on Foreign Aid report, and copy of report)

 
Foreign Countries: Collected Documents
Box   14  
Arabia-Egypt
Box   14  
India-Spain
Box   14  
Formosa 1949

(Ferguson letter to Truman re: defense of Formosa, and Truman's routine response)

Box   14  
Hoover, Herbert

(contains interesting correspondence between Hoover and Ferguson)

Box   14  
Information Program In The Far East

(one letter, and report on trip to investigate the program)

Box   14  
Internal Security Law
Box   14  
Keyserling, Leon

(letter to Ferguson re: alleged Communist sympathies of Keyserling's wife)

Box   14  
McCarthy, Joseph

(interesting letter from Karl Mundt to Senators Ferguson and Knowland re: Army-McCarthy hearings)

Box   14  
McKeehan, Carl

(William Rogers letter re: consideration of McKeehan for position as U.S. Marshal)

Box   14  
Masonry (statement on: "As I See Masonry Today")
Box   14  
Motor Carrier Claims Commission 1949
Box   14  
Pearson, Drew

(mostly clippings, but also contains interesting correspondence re: Pearson/Ferguson antagonisms

Box   14  
Porter, Paul

(mostly material re: investigation of his background and connection with The League For Industrial Democracy)

Box   14  
Rationing (questions, and interview)
Box   14  
Recess Appointments
Box   14  
Republican Conference

(letter from Milton Young, Secretary explaining his reasons for resigning)

Box   14  
Thomas, Elmer

(material re: probe of his stock/commodity transactions: includes interesting letter from Drew Pearson)

Box   14  
Travel
Box   14  
Trip Around The World 1950 (2 folders)

(includes clippings, press conference transcripts, journey account, and report by Ferguson)

Box   14  
Vincent, John Carter

(citizen mail re: his loyalty investigation, and Ferguson replies)

Box   14  
White, Harry Dexter

(citizen mail and Ferguson replies)

Box   14  
World Food Situation
 
Voting Record 1943-1953 [subseries]
Box   14  
File arranged primarily by topic