Michigan Archaeological Society records: 1924-2017 (bulk 1956-2010)
Summary Information
Title: Michigan Archaeological Society records
Creator: Michigan Archaeological Society.
Inclusive dates: 1924-2017
Bulk dates: 1956-2010
Extent: 9 linear feet
Extent: 1 oversize items
Abstract:
Organization concerned with the exploration of the cultures, artifacts, and peoples of early Michigan; records include background information, administrative files, local chapter materials, topical files, and publications.
Call number: 851849 Bp 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Tammy Lau; Terry Hoover, 1993; Shelley Hayreh, 2008; Olga Virakhovskaya, 2013; Chris Schunter, 2014 Last update: September 2017

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The records were obtained in several accessions: through Ira Butterfield (donor no. 5169) in 1971 and 1992, and from the Michigan Archaeological Society (donor nos. 5063 and 6949) between 2008 and 2017.

Access Restrictions:

The record group is open to research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright is not held. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Michigan Archaeological Society records, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


History

The Michigan Archaeological Society (MAS) is an amateur association concerned with the cultures, artifacts, and peoples of early Michigan. It was officially incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1954. The origins of the MAS, however, go back to 1924, when a group of professional and amateur archaeologists decided that "a united effort was necessary to assemble the data at hand and further search for additional evidence of man's early occupancy in Michigan" (Box 1, Background folder). Unfortunately, the beginning of the Depression meant the end of the fledgling MAS at the time.

Although many MAS members continued their interest in, and commitment to, archaeology, working in small, informal groups, the MAS was not rejuvenated until 1950. It was Emerson F. Greenman, of the University of Michigan's Museum of Anthropology, who reorganized the Society, following the tradition of close ties between professionals and amateurs. Within the MAS, both professionals and amateurs pursued the same goals: "to investigate, research, record, and conserve archaeological sites and artifacts; to cooperate with universities, colleges, and museums with similar interests; and to exchange and disseminate information on such subjects" (Box 1, Background folder).

Over the years, the MAS has been involved in several projects ranging from highway salvage to site surveys to the preservation of petroglyphs. In the process, they have dealt and cooperated with numerous state agencies, museums, colleges, as well as peer archaeological groups in Michigan and other states.

The MAS operates as a statewide "umbrella" organization made up of local chapters in various Michigan cities. Chapters currently, or at one time, associated with the Michigan Archaeological Society include Blue Ridge Chapter, Central Michigan Chapter, Clinton Valley Chapter, Genesee Chapter, Kalamazoo Chapter, Little Forks Chapter, Newaygo Chapter, River Raisin Chapter (Monroe), Saginaw Chapter, South Central Chapter, Southeastern Chapter, Southwest Chapter, Upper Grand Valley Chapter, Upper Peninsula Chapter, and Wright L. Coffinberry Chapter (Grand Rapids).


Collection Scope and Content Note

The records of the Michigan Archaeological Society records cover the period since 1924. The record group consists primarily of reports, meeting agenda and minutes, correspondence, newsletters, and clippings. The series in the record group are Background, Administrative, Activities, Local Chapters, Topical, and Publications.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Archaeology.
  • Indians of North America -- Michigan.
  • Sanilac County (Mich.)
  • Michigan -- Antiquities.
  • Archaeology.
  • Indians of North America -- Michigan.
  • Mecosta County (Mich.)
  • Photographs.
  • Eastern States Archeological Federation (U.S.)
  • Michigan Archaeological Society.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Background [series]

The Background series includes bylaws, operating structure, and constitutions from several different years (to show the changes from one period to the next).

Box   1  
Bylaws, Operating Structure, and Constitution 1955-1982 (2 folders)
Box   6  
Bylaws, Operating Structure, and Constitution 2000s (3 folders)
 
Administrative [series]

The Administrative series is comprised of the usual organizational materials--agendas and minutes, newsletters, correspondence, and reports. However, a substantive part of this series is the long run of annual meeting materials from 1956 to 2014. Arranged by year, these records summarize the activities and concerns of the MAS. These records also show the hierarchy of the organization in any given year. At each meeting, annual reports were given by the president, the treasurer, and the presidents of local chapters. The Society's annual reports to the Eastern States Archaeological Federation (ESAF), of which it is a member, are included in this series because this is when the reports are presented to MAS members. Although not every year is consistently documented with the same amount or the same kinds of reports, taken as an aggregate, the annual meeting records are an invaluable retrospective source showing how the MAS changed and grew over an extended period of time.

Also illuminating within the Administrative series, despite the obvious chronological gaps, are the general and president's correspondence, as well as both the state and executive boards' agendas and minutes. All of these records are arranged by year in ascending order, although only the agendas and minutes are arranged chronologically therein. Given that these records span from the earliest years of the Society's incorporation in the 1950s, up to the 2000s, they complement the set of annual meeting reports and fill in the details that annual reports can only summarize. The correspondence mainly documents three things: 1) archaeological work done by MAS members, 2) organizational structure, or 3) the MAS' relationship with other associations, agencies, or institutions. The president's correspondence especially shows how each president shaped the objectives and activities of the MAS during his one-year term.

Box   1  
Accounting Ledger 1973-1979
Box   1  
Administrative Bulletins 1956-1958
 
Annual Meeting
Box   1  
1952

(Paper given at meeting, "Ancient Mounds Near Grand Rapids")

Box   1  
1956-2007, 2013-2016 (54 folders)
Box   8  
2004-2014, 2017 (23 folders)

(includes some chapter and financial reports)

Box   1  
Auditor's Reports 1956, 1968
 
Committees
Box   1  
General (lists of committees) 1962-1964, 1994
Box   1  
Archives Committee 1956
Box   1  
Filmstrip Committee 1956-1958, undated
Box   1  
Membership Committee 1956-1978
Box   1  
Nominating Committee 1956
Box   1  
Publications Committee 1956, 1970-1977
 
Executive Board
 
Agendas and Minutes

(including some treasurer's reports)

Box   2  
1956-1965
Box   2  
1966-1977, 1979
Box   2  
1980-1985
Box   2  
1986-1987
Box   2  
1989-1990
Box   2  
1991
Box   2  
1992-1993
Box   2  
1994
Box   2  
1995
Box   2  
1996
Box   2  
1997
Box   2  
1998
Box   2  
1999-2000
Box   2  
2001-2002
Box   2  
2003-2004
Box   2  
2005
Box   2  
2006
Box   2  
2007-2008
Box   2  
2009
Box   2  
2010-2011
Box   2  
2012
Box   2  
2013
Box   2  
2014
Box   2  
2015
Box   2  
2016
Box   2  
2017
 
General Correspondence
Box   6  
1953-1956
Box   6  
1957-1961
Box   6  
1962-1964, 1966-1967
Box   6  
1969, 1971-1974
Box   6  
1976-1983
Box   6  
Undated
Box   6  
1970-1971

(James Ebert)

Box   6  
2000s (4 folders)
Box   6  
Newsletters 1954-1956, 1965-1970, 1972-1973, 1984-1986
Box   6  
Non-Profit Organization Reports (including licenses to solicit donations) 1965-1966, 1969-1973
 
President's Files (primarily consists of correspondence before 1976)
Box   6  
1956

(Ira Butterfield)

Box   6  
1962-1963

(Harold Moll)

Box   6  
1965-1966

(Leonard Griffin)

Box   6  
1966-1967

(William Beverly)

Box   6  
1967-1968

(Don Hagge)

Box   6  
1968-1969

(W. D. Frankforter)

Box   6  
1972-1984 (2 folders)
Box   6  
1976-1977

(Barbara Young)

Box   3  
1977-1978

(Robert Woodhams)

Box   3  
1978-1979

(Lawrence G. Dorothy)

Box   3  
1979-1980

(Donna Sanford)

Box   3  
1980-1981

(Lorena Martin)

 
Publicity
Box   3  
Clippings
Box   3  
News Releases and Miscellaneous 1968, 1969, undated
Box   3  
Report of Conference with Michigan Department of Natural Resources 1969
 
State Board
 
Agendas and Minutes

(including some treasurer's reports)

Box   3  
1956-1971
Box   3  
1976-1981
Box   3  
Treasurer's Reports 1955-1969, 2014-2016
Box   8  
Publications and Printed Material circa 2000s (20 folders)
 
Activities [series]

In the Activities series documents the annual workshop conferences material and other MAS events and projects. The series is comprised of fliers and printed programs, and project correspondence and documents.

Box   3  
Annual Workshop Conferences 1956-1990, 2014

(including photographs for the 11-4-62 conference and four Edison Voicewriter Discs)

Box   3  
Educational Programs 1967, 1971, 1979, undated
Box   3  
Essay Award 1987
Box   3  
Fall Workshop 1994-2007
Box   3  
Highway Archaeological Salvage Program 1957-1959, 1963
Box   3  
Library Project (publications drive) 1958
 
Sanilac Petroglyphs Project
Box   3  
Acquisition (1 volume)
Box   3  
Agendas and Minutes 1967-1968
 
Correspondence
Box   3  
1956-1958
Box   3  
1965-1967
Box   3  
1968
Box   3  
1969
Box   3  
1974
Box   3  
1979-1980
Box   3  
Legal Documents (including trust agreement and affidavit) 1965, 1967
Box   3  
Proposal to Mott Foundation 1968
Box   3  
Relm Foundation Grant 1967-1968
Box   3  
State Survey Project 1985
Box   8  
Washtenaw County Farmlands Archaeological Survey (WCFAS) 2004-2006 (18 folders)
 
Local Chapters [series]

Local Chapters series contains the records of the MAS's multiple current and past local chapters. The series includes the local chapter's constitutions, meeting minutes and notices, newsletters, and clippings.

 
General Chapter Records
Box   3  
1966-1968
Box   3  
2003-2004
 
Blue Ridge Chapter
Box   3  
Constitution undated
 
Central Michigan Chapter
Box   3  
Correspondence 1965, undated
Box   3  
Newsletter 1957
 
Clinton Valley Chapter
Box   3  
Annual Report 2014
Box   3  
Background (including constitution) undated
Box   3  
Correspondence 1967-1968, 1971, 1976
Box   3  
Membership Interest Survey 1975
Box   3  
Minutes (1962-1965) and Accounts (1965-1967)

(in one booklet)

 
Minutes and Notices of Meetings

(agendas)

Box   3  
1965-1968
Box   3  
1969-1970
Box   3  
1971-1972
Box   3  
1973-1974
Box   3  
1975
Box   3  
1976
Box   3  
Miscellaneous (archaeological handouts) undated
Box   3  
Newsletters 1962, 1965, 1971
Box   3  
Publicity (news releases and clippings) 1975-1976
 
Genesee Chapter
Box   3  
Constitution and bylaws 1966, undated
Box   3  
Minutes and Notices of Meetings 1956-1974 (2 folders)
Box   3  
President's Book 1966-1976
Box   4  
Proposed Code of Ethics 1956
 
Huron Valley Chapter
Box   4  
Annual Report 2014-2016
 
Brennan Mastodon Site 1992
 
Information panel 2001 (1 oversize items)
Box   4  
Images of the panel
Box   7  
Collected Chapter Records 1984-2010 (24 folders, 1 binders)

(contains newsletters, minutes, and reports arranged by year)

Box   7  
Projects and Programs (8 folders, 1 binders)
 
Kalamazoo Chapter
Box   4  
Constitution undated
Box   4  
Minutes and Notices of Meetings (agendas) 1966-1973
 
Little Forks Chapter
Box   4  
Constitution 1980
 
Newaygo Chapter
Box   4  
Background (including constitution) 1966, undated
Box   4  
Correspondence 1965
Box   4  
Minutes 1965
Box   4  
Newsletters 1965-1968
 
Northwest Chapter
Box   4  
Constitution undated
Box   4  
Correspondence 1980
 
River Raisin Chapter (Monroe)
Box   4  
Background (including constitution) 1981, undated
Box   4  
Annual Fall Workshop ("In Pursuit of the Paleo Hunter, Part II") 1981
Box   4  
Annual Report 2014-2016
Box   4  
Calendar of Programs and Events 1977-1978
Box   4  
Highway Archaeological Survey 1972
Box   4  
Minutes and Notices of Meetings (agendas) 1981-1982
Box   4  
Report to Michigan Council for the Arts ("In Pursuit of the Paleo Hunter") 1973
 
Saginaw Valley Chapter
Box   4  
Announcements of Activities 1961, 1964, 1975, 1987
Box   4  
Annual Reports 1953, 2014-2016
Box   4  
Annual Treasurer's Reports 1965-1970, 1984-1985
Box   4  
Clippings
Box   4  
Constitution and Bylaws 1955, 1965, 1983 and proposed changes, 1975-1976 1955-1983
Box   4  
Correspondence 1956-1965, 1983-1986, undated
 
Executive Board Minutes
Box   4  
1965-1968
Box   4  
1983-1987
 
Minutes and Notices of Meetings

(agendas)

Box   4  
1956-1961, undated
Box   4  
1963-1965
Box   4  
1966-1969
Box   4  
1975-1979
Box   4  
1981-1984
Box   4  
1985-1991
Box   4  
Newsletters 1976-1977, undated
Box   4  
Proposed Resolution (site number regulations) 1963
Box   4  
Saginaw Valley Archaeologist, sales and inventory 1984
 
South Central Chapter
Box   4  
Constitution undated
Box   4  
Southeast Chapter
 
Southeastern Chapter
Box   4  
Newsletters 1953-1954
 
Southwest Chapter
Box   4  
Announcements of Meetings and Events 1966-1967
 
Newsletters
Box   4  
1953-1958
Box   4  
1959-1963
Box   4  
1964-1968
Box   4  
1969-1974, undated
 
Thunder Bay Chapter
Box   4  
Annual Report 2014-2016
 
Unidentified Chapter
Box   4  
Minutes 1968
 
Upper Grand Valley Chapter
Box   4  
Annual Report 2014-2016
Box   4  
Correspondence 1974, undated
Box   4  
Newsletters 1966, 1972-1979
 
Upper Peninsula Chapter
Box   4  
Constitution undated
 
Wright L. Coffinberry Chapter (Grand Rapids)
Box   4  
Background (including constitutions) 1951, 1958, 1964, undated
Box   4  
Annual Reports 1960, 1966, 2104-2016
Box   4  
Clippings
Box   4  
Correspondence 1970
 
Executive Board Minutes
Box   4  
1952-1963
Box   4  
1965-1968
Box   4  
1969-1971
Box   4  
1972-1975
Box   4  
Memoranda 1951-1952, 1972
 
Minutes
Box   4  
1951-1963
Box   4  
1959, 1965-1967
Box   4  
1968-1970
Box   5  
1971-1975
Box   5  
Miscellaneous (including essays on archaeological topics) undated
Box   5  
Newell E. Collins Correspondence (incoming) 1940-1956
 
Newsletters
Box   5  
1962-1968
Box   5  
1969-1975
Box   5  
1976-1983
Box   5  
Photographs

(Native American chief in ceremonial dress, miscellaneous artifacts, and an archaeological site)

Box   5  
Programs 1955-1956, 1975
 
Secretary's Corner
Box   5  
1959-1961
Box   5  
1965-1969
Box   5  
1970-1971, 1973
Box   5  
Secretary's Page 1973-1975
Box   5  
Treasurer's Reports 1957-1958
 
Topical [series]

In the Topical series (0.25 linear feet), most of the headings, arranged alphabetically, are self-explanatory, except for "George R. Fox." Like that of "Newell E. Collins" in the Saginaw Valley Chapter records, Fox's correspondence represents the only way to access the earlier history of the Michigan Archaeological Society (the first one) and the beginnings of archaeology in Michigan.

Box   5  
Archaeological Act 1972-1973
Box   5  
Archaeological Survey of the Muskegon Pipeline 1957
Box   5  
Archives Correspondence 1991-2008
Box   5  
Biographies (various members) 1962, 1963, 2000s, undated
Box   5  
Captain Lawrence (Shipwreck Litigation) 1995
Box   5  
Certification 1973-1974, undated
Box   5  
Descriptions of Archaeological Sites 1965, undated
Box   5  
Eastern States Archaeological Federation (EASF, correspondence and miscellaneous) 1956-1968
 
George R. Fox Papers
Box   5  
Correspondence 1924, 1927, 1929, undated
Box   5  
Microfilm Negative (Indian arrowheads from different townships, archaeological atlas, and Fox Indians) 1958
Box   5  
Grant Proposal to Michigan Council for the Humanities undated
Box   5  
Inventory of Talents and Interests 1956
Box   5  
Legislation 1971-1973
Box   5  
Photographs 1924-1981, undated
Box   5  
MAS Seal 1957, undated
Box   5  
Proposal for Bicentennial Archaeology Publication Program 1975
Box   5  
Proposal for a Michigan archaeological survey undated (ca. 1970) and responses, 1971-1972 1971-1972, undated
Box   5  
Society for American Archaeology (correspondence) 1957
Box   6  
Miscellaneous Projects and Programs (9 folders)
 
Publications [series]

The Publications series contains a copies of the organization's quarterly publication, The Michigan Archaeologist between 1989 and 2008.

Box   9  
The Michigan Archaeologist 1989-2008 (60 volumes)
Additional Descriptive Data
Related Materials

The Bentley Historical Library also holds issues of the Michigan Archaeological Society's journal, The Michigan Archaeologist.