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Lucius L. Hubbard papers: 1871-1935
Summary Information
Title: Lucius L. Hubbard papers
Creator: Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933
Dates: 1871-1935
Extent: 5 linear feet, 1 oversize folder
State Geologist and University of Michigan Regent. Personal and business correspondence and letter books concerning personal matters, his literary and book collecting interests, geology and mining in Michigan, the publication of his writings, and University of Michigan affairs.
Call number: 851638 Aa 2 Ac
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
Home Page:
Finding aid created by Michigan Historical Collections staff, 1941

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of Charlotte Hubbard Goodell (donor 1360) and came to the library in 1941.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see:


Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright is not held. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Lucius L. Hubbard Papers , Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Lucius Lee Hubbard was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on August 7, 1849. He received his AB from Harvard in 1872 and his LL.B from Boston University in 1875. After receiving his law degree he took up practice in Boston only to give it up a few years later to devote himself to a career in science. In 1886, he took the AM and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Bonn where he worked with Von Laseaulz. From 1891 to 1893, Hubbard served as assistant to M. E. Wadsworth with the State Geological Survey of Michigan based in Houghton, and then from 1893 to 1899 as Michigan state geologist.

Hubbard was instrumental in the development the state mining industry, most notably in the area of Houghton. After leaving the geological survey, he then became general manager of the Copper Range Mining Co. and the Champion Copper Co., and afterwards was president of the Ojibway Mining Co. From 1905 to 1917 he was a member of the board of control of the Michigan College of Mines. In addition, he was a member of the board of scientific advisers of the geological survey and director of the Houghton National Bank and director and president of the South Range Bank. Houghton served as Regent of the University of Michigan from 1911 until his death in 1933.

Hubbard was author of books on mineralogy and geology, and a collector of Gulliver's Travels and Robinson Crusoe books. He died in Eagle Harbor, Michigan, August 3, 1933.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Hubbard papers relate to his career as a geologist, to his service as a member of the University of Michigan Board of Regents, and to his other various literary and scientific interests. The collection has been arranged into four series: Correspondence; University of Michigan papers; Other Activities (mining and geological interests); and bound personal and business records.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.

  • Geology -- Michigan.
  • Houghton (Mich.)
  • Indians of North America -- Michigan.
  • Isle Royale (Mich.)
  • Maine.
  • Mines and mineral resources -- Michigan.
  • Moosehead Lake (Me.)
  • Geology -- Maine.
  • Copper.
  • Maine.
  • Diaries.
  • Photographs.
  • Prints.
  • Champion Copper Company.
  • Copper Range Company.
  • Harvard University.
  • Houghton Copper Company.
  • Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933.
  • Mayflower Mining Company.
  • St. Mary's Canal Mineral Land Company.
  • University of Michigan. Board of Regents.
  • University of Michigan -- History.
  • Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933.
  • Adams, Randolph Greenfield, 1892-1951.
  • Allen, Rolland Craten, 1881-1948.
  • Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949.
  • Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942.
  • Bishop, William Warner, 1871-1955.
  • Bliss, Aaron Thomas, 1837-1906.
  • Bulkley, Harry C. (Harry Conant), 1870-
  • Burrows, Julius C. (Julius Caesar), 1837-1915.
  • Bursley, Joseph Aldrich, 1877-1950.
  • Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925.
  • Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934.
  • Comstock, William Alfred, 1877-1949.
  • Cooley, Mortimer E. (Mortimer Elwyn), 1855-1944.
  • Curtiss, Ralph Hamilton, 1880-1929.
  • Davis, Charles Albert, 1861-
  • Demmon, Isaac Newton, 1842-1920.
  • Ferris, Woodbridge N., 1853-1928.
  • Fordney, Joseph W. (Joseph Warren), 1853-1932.
  • Gore, Victor M.
  • Green, Fred W. (Fred Warren), 1872-1936.
  • Hanchett, Benjamin Sawtell, 1868-1933.
  • Hinsdale, W. B. (Wilbert B.), 1851-1944.
  • Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952.
  • Houghton, Jacob, 1827-1903.
  • Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930.
  • Kelsey, Francis W. (Francis Willey), 1858-
  • Knox, Frank, 1874-1944.
  • Koch, Theodore Wesley, 1871-1941.
  • Kraus, Edward Henry, 1875-1973.
  • Lane, Alfred C. (Alfred Church), 1863-
  • Little, Clarence C. (Clarence Cook), 1888-
  • Martindale, Frederick C.
  • Murfin, James Orin, 1875-1940.
  • Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), 1860-
  • Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
  • Rich, John Treadway, 1841-1926.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
  • Roth, Filibert, 1858-1925.
  • Russell, Israel C. (Israel Cook), 1852-1906.
  • Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882-1971.
  • Sawyer, Walter H. (Walter Hulme), 1861-1931.
  • Sleeper, Albert E., 1862-1934.
  • Smith, John Walter, 1845-1925.
  • Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959.
  • Smith, William Alden, 1859-1932.
  • Stone, Ralph, 1868-1956.
  • Townsend, Charles E. (Charles Elroy), 1856-1924.
  • Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951.
  • Wadsworth, M. Edward (Marshman Edward), 1847-1921.
  • Warner, Frederick Maltby, 1865-1923.
  • White, Peter, 1830-1908.
  • Young, Horace Olin, 1850-1917.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
Correspondence [series]

The correspondence series dates from 1871 to 1935 and relates to his career as state geologist, a member of the University of Michigan Board of Regents, his business career, and his literary interests. His correspondents include Rolland C. Allen, Henry M. Bates, Junius E. Beal, William W. Bishop, Aaron T. Bliss, Julius C. Burrows, Marion L. Burton, William L. Clements, Mortimer E. Cooley, Charles A. Davis, Woodbridge N. Ferris, Fred W. Green, William H. Hobbs, Jacob Houghton, Harry B. Hutchins, Francis W. Kelsey, Frank Knox, Theodore W. Koch, Edward H. Kraus, Alfred C. Lane, Clarence C. Little, James O. Murfin, Chase S. Osborn, Gifford Pinchot, John T. Rich, Filibert Roth, Israel C. Russell, Alexander G. Ruthven, Walter H. Sawyer, Albert E. Sleeper, Shirley W. Smith, William A. Smith, Ralph Stone, Marshman E. Wadsworth, Fred M. Warner, Peter Q. White, and H. Olin Young.

Box   1  
Box   2  
Box   3 Folder   1-11
1929-1935, undated (11 folders)
Box   3 Folder   12
Box   3 Folder   12a
Personal family correspondence
Box   6  
Card file index to correspondence
University of Michigan [series]

The University of Michigan series documents Hubbard's service as Regents and his involvement in issues confronting the University. Included in this series are reports, memoranda and proposals, petitions directed to the Board of Regents, and various news articles of interest to him as a Regent.

Box   3 Folder   13
Reports about finances, budgets, and endowments
Box   3 Folder   14
Article from the Saginaw News Courier about President Burton December 28, 1924
Poems-In Memoriam of Marion LeRoy Burton
Box   3 Folder   15
Proposal for the establishment of research committees in the Department of Engineering Research April 22, 1929
Memorandum to the faculties of the Colleges of Engineering and Architecture about the length of the curricula
Box   3 Folder   16
Statement for the regents about a forest experiment station
Memoranda for a report on a biological station
Box   3 Folder   17
Articles about the date of founding of the University
Box   3 Folder   18
Report to the Board of Regents on the Halsey collection of rare books submitted by Isaac N. Demmon 1915
Report of committee on presidential nominations on interview with President Harry Woodburn Chase of North Carolina University
Report about need for more dormitories
Box   3 Folder   19
Report of a Dean's Meeting to discuss building new dormitories December, 1928
Extracts from the Articles of Association of the University of Michigan League Building Association
Box   3 Folder   20
Copy of The UBS Weekly Bulletin of containing an article about regents who visited Douglas Lake July 22, 1911
Report of the Graduate Schools of the American Universities October, 1911
Report about the club house of the University Club of Ann Arbor February 15, 1913
Report about the constitution of the Division of Hygiene and Public Health
Box   3 Folder   21
Minutes of the Committee of Five on a Comprehensive Building Program (Incomplete) February 28, 1924
Report on University science program
Count of the enrollment September 24, 1925
Directions to those who are to take a trip to the "Comet Halley"
Box   3 Folder   22
Petition to the Board of Regents from the U. of M. Club of New York that Fielding H. Yost be head of the Department of Physical Education
Article saying the proper title of the chief executive officer of the University should be Chancellor
Excerpts from the records of the Regents about Rev. George P. Williams
Box   3 Folder   23
Copies of resolutions and by-laws of the Regents
Box   3 Folder   24
Petition to the Regents by Charles H. D. Myers for his long-deferred diploma
Copy of an act of the 55th Legislature of the State of Michigan to empower the Board of Regents to contract for sewage, light, water or other facilities 1929
An article about Laurence Binyon, an English author
Box   3 Folder   25
Miscellaneous notes by Hubbard about the University
Box   3 Folder   26
An Address by Arthur H. Vandenberg of Grand Rapids, at the dinner of the University Press Club of Michigan October 30, 1925
Box   3 Folder   27
Statistics of the General Library, University of Michigan March, 1913-September, 1914

(Not every month included)

Lists of books added to the University Library
Box   3 Folder   28
November 1-16, 1912
April 16-30, 1913
May 16-31, 1913
July 16-August 30, 1913
September, 1913
October 1-13, 1913
January 15, 1914
Box   3 Folder   29
Lists of Engineering duplicate books and periodicals for exchange, University of Michigan June, 1913
Circulation report of the General Library 1912-1913
Reports of the Accessions Department of the University Library
July 1, 1912-June 30, 1913
Box   3 Folder   30
List of Spanish books
Memoranda of business transacted at meetings of the Library Committee
November 11, 1912
April 22, 1913
January 13, 1914
The published voyages of William Dampier
List of antiques for sale at an auction December 14, 1880
Box   3 Folder   31
Acknowledgments of books and other gifts which Hubbard has donated to various libraries
Box   3 Folder   32
Statements from booksellers 1879-1915
Box   3 Folder   33
Miscellaneous notes about books which Hubbard has read
Other Activities (including mining and geological interests) [series]

The other activities series documents his service as state geologist and his interest in the development of Michigan's mineral resources. Included are reports, notes, maps, articles and field notebooks. A portion of this series concerns his interest in the state of Maine, particularly Moosehead Lake.

Box   3 Folder   34
Inaugural address of L. L. Hubbard, of Cincinnati, Ohio, delivered before the "Golden Branch" of Phillip's Exeter Academy April 18, 1868
Separat-Abdruck aus den Sitzungsberichten der niederrhienischen Gesellschaft für Natur-und Heilkunde. Sitzung am 7. Juni 1886
Speech given to graduating class, not identified undated
Unidentified speech
Box   3 Folder   35
Notes of the Michigan Geological Survey, Ontonagon Road
Box   3 Folder   36
Reports and notes of the U S Geological Survey
Annual reports of the State Geologist
Box   3 Folder   37
January 1, 1895
January 1, 1896
December 15, 1896
January 1, 1898
January 2, 1899
Minutes of a meeting of the Board of Scientific Advisers
Box   3 Folder   38
April 8, 1910
December 23, 1910
December 16, 1911
December 13, 1913
Box   3 Folder   39
The geological aspects of the copper range lands 1899, 1900
Notes on chlorastrolite undated
Box   3 Folder   40
Miscellaneous notes about mines and geology
Box   3 Folder   41-45
Progress reports of Longyear and Hodge, Mining Engineers September 1909-January 1911
Box   3 Folder   46
Map of Moosehead Lake, 1st edition 1879 (4 copies)
Map of Moosehead Lake, 2nd edition 1899
Map of Moosehead Lake, 5th edition 1893 (2 copies)
Box   3 Folder   47
Map of Moosehead and Upper Lake region of Maine
Box   3 Folder   48
Hubbard's Lumbermen's and Tourist's Map of Northern Maine 1894 (3 copies)
Hubbard's Lumbermen's and Tourist's Map of Northern Maine 1879-1929
Box   3 Folder   49
Map of Moosehead Lake, Maine
Box   3 Folder   50-51
Maps of the State of Maine (2 folders)
Box   3 Folder   52
Miscellaneous maps, often not identified
Box   3 Folder   53-57
Miscellaneous manuscript maps, often not identified (5 folders)
Box   3 Folder   58
A Bibliography of the Maps of Maine," by Edgar Crosby Smith 1903
Box   3 Folder   59
Offers sent to Hubbard to purchase maps, and other note about written by Hubbard
Box   4 Folder   60
Report on the Seneca Mine, about 1920
Box   4 Folder   61-62
Reports and notes of the Seneca Copper Corporation 1920-1921, undated (2 folders)
Box   4 Folder   63
Reports and notes of the St. Mary's Canal Mineral Land Co. 1903-1904

(Later the Houghton Copper Company)

Box   4 Folder   64-66
Reports and notes of the Houghton Copper Company 1910-1913, undated (3 folders)
Box   4 Folder   67-71
Reports and notes of the Champion Copper Company 1900-1905, 1923 undated (5 folders)
Box   4 Folder   72-73
General reports of the Copper Range Co. 1899-1903
Box   4 Folder   74
Typewritten descriptions of sections of Michigan rocks
Chart showing the cost of production of the Atlantic Mine 1900-1906
Chart showing the cost of production of the Mohawk Mine 1903-1907
Box   4 Folder   75
Notes on the Central Mine, Keweenaw Co. March, 1895
Box   4 Folder   76
Reports of the Mayflower Mining Company May, 1899
Box   4 Folder   77
Reports and notes of the South Lake Mining Co. 1909-1910, undated
Box   4 Folder   78
Data and prospects on copper mining lands in the Ontonagon District, Michigan August 1915
Notes on Ojibway Mining Company
Box   4 Folder   79
Report of the Nevada Consolidated Copper Company
Report on the Bluestone Mine, Lyons Co., Nevada
August 3, 1905
January 19, 1906
Box   4 Folder   80
Report on Trimountain Co. February 6, 1899
Report on the Shelden and Columbian property May 1899
Articles about Lake Superior copper

(about 1897)

Box   4 Folder   81
January 13 circa 1897
January 23 circa 1897
April 4 circa 1897
May 31 circa 1897
Box   4 Folder   82
Affidavit of Lucius L. Hubbard for the Champion Copper case May 1, 1923

(Original and revised copies)

Supplemental statement of L. L. Hubbard of an affidavit of May, 1923
Box   4 Folder   83
Four blueprints of the Champion Copper Co.
Box   4 Folder   84
Three blueprints of the Seneca Copper Co.
Box   4 Folder   85
Map for the South Lake Mining Co., by Hubbard 1912
Box   4 Folder   86
Assay of manganese ore from Copper Harbor
Notes about the Michigan collection of mines
Notes about rock shipped from January 1-September, 1920
Correlation of the Keweenaw series at Isle Royale, Copper Falls and Eagle River October 20, 1894
Box   4 Folder   87
Assignment of work by Dr. Hubbard in 1891 or 1892 concerning the microscopic character of rocks 1891-1892
Box   4 Folder   87
Notes about Mt. Kineo
Box   4 Folder   88
Preliminary notes on slides, etc., in the Keweenaw series on Keweenaw Point March, 1896
Box   4 Folder   89
Diagrams of the Copper Range Co. and the Kearsarge Lode, Michigan
Box   4 Folder   90
Suggestions for methods in field work, about 1895
Box   4 Folder   91
The Winning of Native Copper undated
Box   4 Folder   92
Estimate of width of lode sent to stamp mill in 1904
Comparison of leading mines in production and cost 1904
Schedule for capitalized development of underground mines
Box   4 Folder   93
Article about the influence of the topography of foot wall beds upon the subsequent deposition and distribution of copper in overlying beds
Article about foot wall shafts in Lake Superior copper mines
Article about copper deposits
Box   4 Folder   94
Suggestions as to working the mining claims in the Leadville Mining District undated
Notes on Copper Falls
Article about the rock beds between Keweenaw Point and Isle Royale
Box   4 Folder   95
Photostat copies of articles about copper, no author or dates
Box   4 Folder   96
Report on exploratory work of on Isle Royale, Michigan 1899
Box   4 Folder   97
Notations on forest taxation
Blanks filled in by Hubbard of the Board of State Tax Commissioners, Houghton, Michigan, as of April 1, 1911
Box   4 Folder   98
Watercolor painting on a greeting card sent by Emil Lorch 1921
Box   4 Folder   99
Photostatic copies (in German) of information and pictures concerning abnormal developments of the human
Box   4 Folder   100
An article "A Sketch of the Old Spanish Mines," by Joseph Oliver
Box   4 Folder   101
Articles of Association of the Keweenaw Club of Houghton, Michigan
Paper about organizing the Portage Lake Whist Club
Rules for the Onigaming Yacht Club Regatta October 9, 1897
Box   4 Folder   102
Indian names with translation into English
Box   4 Folder   103
U.S. Field Notes

(four sets, one for Houghton County and another dated around 1900 otherwise unidentified)

Box   4 Folder   104
Two small field notebooks of Hubbard, one dating around 1899-1900 the other around 1901-1902 1899-1902
Box   4 Folder   105
Notes about corporations
Lecture notes on lithology March, 1893
Box   4 Folder   106
Certificate of election to the Phi Beta Kappa April 2, 1892
Certificate of election to St. Paul's Religious Society in Harvard College January 17, 1872
Certificate of membership in the American Defense Society May, 1916
Certificate from the Secretary of State, Daniel E. Soper, saying that the Articles of Association of the Keweenaw Club of Houghton were recorded in his office August 24, 1891
Warrant saying that Hubbard is a hospital steward February 11, 1879
Box   4 Folder   107
Receipt of payment of $20.10 by L. L. Hubbard to the Young's Hotel in Boston April 20, 1923
Receipt of payment of a freight bill to the Copper Range Railroad Co. November 26, 1909
Box   4 Folder   108
Petition to the residents of Portage Township to abolish houses of prostitution in the area
Newspaper articles
Box   4 Folder   109
"Camping Out"
"Over 200 Miles by Canoe"
"Summer Resorts of Maine," April 29, 1882
"A Few Days Fishing," October 7, 1879
Box   4 Folder   110
Declaration and notice of rule to plead in the Circuit Court of the County of Houghton, between Charles T. Davis and Lucius Lee Hubbard and Frances J. Hubbard
Box   4 Folder   111
Brief for the plaintiff in error; Lucius L. Hubbard, Plaintiff in Error vs. The New York, New England and Western Investment Co.
Box   4 Folder   112
Agreement Of L. L. Hubbard, H. B. Patton, A. C. Lane, and F. F. Sharpless, pledging amounts of money to buy a house and land in Houghton
Option of land in Keweenaw County given to Hubbard
Box   4 Folder   113
Agreements and options to buy land, given to Hubbard 1906
Box   4 Folder   114
"A Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Harvard Univ., for the Academical Year, 1869-1870"
Extract from Tufts College Studies, "Wet and Dry Differentiation of Igneous Rocks," by A. C. Lane
Box   4 Folder   115
Reports of scholarship, deportment and attendance of Hubbard from Phillips Exeter Academy
November 27, 1866
July 2, 1867
List of subjects taken by Hubbard at Rheinischea Friedrich-Wilhelms Universitat at Bonn, Germany 1883-1886
Box   4 Folder   116
"The Business Side of the Registrar's Office," by J. C. Christensen of Kansas State College July 8, 1913
"University Business Administration," by J. C. Christensen January 12, 1912
Report of the Class of '68 of the Phillips Exeter Academy by Edward L. Parks June 1900
Box   4 Folder   117
Field notes relating to Moosehead Lake
Description of Natardin or Catardin Mountain, an extract from a letter written by Charles Turner in 1804
Miscellaneous notes about Moosehead Lake, Upper St. John Pond, and "Woods and Lakes of Maine"
Box   4 Folder   118
Notes on East Branch trip
Box   4 Folder   119
Photostat of a journal containing a survey through parts of the country from Penobscot to Quebec 1764
Box   4 Folder   120
"The Meaning of 'Merrimac,'" by A. S. Gatshet October 1898
"Scientific observations on Mount Katahdin"
Pamphlet describing the Roach River House, Roach River, Maine
Box   4 Folder   121
Pamphlet describing Mt. Kineo House, Moosehead Lake, Maine
Train schedules
Box   4 Folder   122
Maine Central Railroad July 1, 1889
Bangor and Piscataquis Railroad and June June 30, 1879
19 1882
Boston and Bangor Steamship Co.-schedule commencing June 17, 1889
Miscellaneous pictures
Box   4 Folder   123
Snapshots of geological rocks
Picture of Wilson Pond
Sketch of a moose
Snapshot of a group of men, taken at Lake Gerald November 26, 1899
A group of etchings, probably scenes in Maine
Picture of Henson's "ariel" carriage 1843
Newspaper articles
Box   4 Folder   124
"Geographical Indian Names," by N. T. True, M.D.
"Sport at Moosehead Lake"
"Indian Names of Kennebec River," November 20, 1880
"The Protections of Fish and Game," January 25, 1889
A letter by John D. Long in which he outlines McKinley's policy
Box   4 Folder   125
"The Indian Names of Boston and their Meaning" by Eben Norton Horsford November 4, 1885
Box   4 Folder   126
List of names (unidentified)
Box   4 Folder   127
A resolution of appreciation for Hubbard's services, given upon his retirement from the South Range State Bank, South Range, Michigan February 14, 1924
Box   4 Folder   128
Notes about "Two New Geological Cross Sections of Keweenaw Point," July, 1895
Genealogical notes (brief) about Hubbard's family
Bound personal and business records [series]

The bound personal and business records series includes volumes of notes and diaries on the Moosehead Lake region of Maine, letterpress books of professional correspondence, diary, 1893, of activities around Houghton Lake, Michigan, an account book kept while he was a Harvard University student, 1871, and notebooks of class work and research abroad.

Box   5  
Diaries, letterpress books, personal account books notebooks, etc. (37 volumes)

(include 1893 diary of activities while in Houghton, Michigan)