Albert Joseph Engel Papers: 1885-1960
Summary Information
Title: Albert Joseph Engel Papers
Creator: Engel, Albert Joseph, 1888-1959
Inclusive dates: 1885-1960
Extent: 10 linear feet
Abstract:
Prosecuting attorney for Missaukee County, Michigan, Republican State Senator, and U.S. Congressman from the 9th Michigan District from 1935 to 1951. Correspondence, reports and newspaper clippings concerning his activities on the House Appropriations Subcommittee on the Armed Services; material on the Manhattan Project and the testing of the atomic and hydrogen bombs; and photographs.
Call number: 851419 Aa 2
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Michigan Historical Collections staff

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was donated by Albert J. Engel, Jr., (donor 4690) in 1968.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Albert J. Engel, Jr. has transferred any applicable copyright in his father's papers to the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright was not transferred. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Alternate Format:

The 16mm films in the collection were digitized in 2009 as part of a library video preservation project. Preservation master beta tapes for all titles and high resolution digital files of some titles were created along with DVD and streaming files for all titles. The DVDs are available for use in the library. A selection of the streaming files may be available online at a given time, others can be mounted on request.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Albert Joseph Engel Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Albert J. Engel was born in New Washington, Ohio on January 1, 1888. He graduated from the law department of Northwestern University in 1910. He then was admitted to the bar and commenced the practice of law in Lake City, Michigan. He was prosecuting attorney of Missaukee County in 1916-1917 and 1919-1920. During the first World War, Engel served as a first lieutenant in the War Department, later promoted to captain where he served overseas for twenty-three months, 1917-1919.

Engel served four terms in the state senate 1921 and 1927-1931. He was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1934 from Michigan's Ninth District. He came to serve eight terms, from 1935 to 1951. While in the congress, Engel served ten years as a member and chairman of the House Armed Forces appropriations subcommittee. In 1943, he began a one-man investigation of Army waste in which he traveled about the country touring army bases. Upon his return Engel proposed reforms which saved the government billions of dollars. He did not seek reelection in 1950 but rather sought (without success) the Republican nomination for governor. In his retirement, Engel operated a Christmas tree plantation near Lake City. He died December 2, 1959.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Albert J. Engel papers primarily document his eight terms of service in United States House of Representatives, 1935-1951, though is some correspondence and other material dating back to 1911. The papers include correspondence, speeches, press releases, clippings scrapbooks and articles about Engel, files on various topics that came before Engel's House committees -- notably the Bikini Island A bomb and H bomb tests, and photographs

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Atomic bomb.
  • Elections -- Michigan -- 1950.
  • Hydrogen bomb.
  • Lake City (Mich.)
  • Lawyers -- Michigan.
  • Michigan -- Politics and government -- 1837-1950.
  • Michigan -- Politics and government -- 1922-1928.
  • Michigan -- Politics and government -- 1929-1938.
  • Michigan -- Politics and government -- 1939-1945.
  • Michigan -- Politics and government -- 1946-1960.
  • Missaukee County (Mich.)
  • Politicians -- Michigan -- Missaukee County.
  • Presidents -- United States -- Election -- 1928.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1933-1945.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1945-1953.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1923-1929.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1929-1933.
  • World War, 1914-1918.
  • World War, 1939-1945.
  • France.
  • Iran.
  • Israel.
  • Italy.
  • Military art and science.
  • Politics and government -- 1946-1960.
  • World War, 1914-1918.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Peace.
  • Motion pictures.
  • Photographs.
  • Postcards.
  • Engel, Albert Joseph, 1888-1959.
  • Manhattan Project (U.S.)
  • Michigan. Legislature.
  • Republican Party (Mich.)
  • United States. Congress. House.
  • Engel, Albert Joseph, 1888-1959.
  • United States. Congress. House.
  • Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949.
  • Baer, Max A.
  • Brucker, Wilber Marion, 1894-1968.
  • Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966.
  • Carlson, Frank, 1893-1987.
  • Connally, Tom, 1877-1963.
  • Curwood, James Oliver, 1878-1927.
  • Dickinson, Luren Dudley, 1859-1943.
  • Disney, Walt, 1901-1966.
  • Ferguson, Homer, 1889-1982.
  • Fitzgerald, Frank Dwight, 1885-1939.
  • Forrestal, James, 1892-1949.
  • Green, Fred W. (Fred Warren), 1872-1936.
  • Groesbeck, Alexander J. (Alexander Joseph), 1873-1953.
  • Hannah, John A., 1902-1991.
  • Hare, James M. (James McNeil), 1910-1980.
  • Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
  • Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972.
  • Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955.
  • Kelly, Harry F. (Harry Francis), 1895-1971.
  • Knox, Frank, 1874-1944.
  • Landon, Alfred M. (Alfred Mossman), 1887-1987.
  • Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969.
  • Lubin, Isador, 1896-1978.
  • McLaughlin, James Campbell, 1858-1932.
  • Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959.
  • Martin, Joseph William, 1884-1968.
  • Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949.
  • Murray, Philip, 1886-1952.
  • Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), 1860-
  • Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988.
  • Patterson, Robert Porter, 1891-1952.
  • Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965.
  • Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968.
  • Powers, Perry Francis, 1857-1945.
  • Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882-1971.
  • Sigler, Kim, 1894-
  • Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959.
  • Sparks, Frank Melville, 1877-
  • Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950.
  • Symington, Stuart, 1901-1988.
  • Thompson, Ruth, 1887-1970.
  • Townsend, Charles E. (Charles Elroy), 1856-1924.
  • Townsend, Francis E. (Francis Everett), 1867-1960.
  • Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
  • Tunney, James Joseph, 1897-
  • Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951.
  • Van Wagoner, Murray Delos, 1898-
  • Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew, 1883-1953.
  • Wallace, Henry Agard, 1888-1965.
  • Williams, G. Mennen, 1911-1988.
  • Willkie, Wendell L. (Wendell Lewis), 1892-1944.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Correspondence [series]

The Correspondence series includes letters from fellow members of Congress, cabinet officers, Michigan political figures and some constituent mail. The correspondence is arranged chronologically. A select index to correspondents lists letters from some of the more prominent individuals represented in the series.

Box   1  
Undated, 1911-1948 (25 folders)
Box   2  
1949-1960 (10 folders)
Box   2  
Re A.J. Engel Oil Co. 1935-1943 (2 folders)
 
Papers (financial and political) [series]
Box   2  
Undated, 1885-1960 (9 folders)
 
Congressional Papers [series]

The Congressional Papers series consists of subject files, speeches, press releases and articles written by Engel. The subject files relate to topics which came before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on the Armed Services, including the 1946 atomic and hydrogen bomb tests on Bikini Island.

Box   3  
James Couzens Memorial Fund 1937
Box   3  
German air power 1937
Box   3  
Overseas trips 1945 (4 folders)
Box   3  
Bikini Island A bomb test 1946
Box   3  
Bikini Island H bomb test 1946
Box   3  
Air Transport Command in the Pacific 1945, undated
Box   3  
Panamint Press (newspaper published aboard the USS Panamint during the time of the atom bomb tests)
Box   3  
Panamint Parade
Box   3  
Speeches 1939-1950 (3 folders)
Box   3  
Press releases 1941
Box   3  
Articles written by AJE
Box   3  
Notebooks regarding production of ammunition (2 volumes)
Box   3  
Notebook containing mailing lists and lists of supporters
 
Scrapbooks [series]
 
Clippings from Congressional Record
Box   4  
1936-1939
Box   4  
1940-1941
Box   4  
1941-1942
Box   4  
1943-1945
Box   4  
1947
Box   4  
1948
 
Arranged by date
Box   5  
1931-1941 (4 volumes, 1 folder)
Box   6  
1941-1946 (4 volumes)
Box   7  
1947-1950 (2 volumes)
Box   7  
Album of Washington memorabilia 1930s-1940s
 
Clippings (loose)
Box   8  
1930s-1950s
 
Visual Materials [series]

The visual materials series consists of photographs and a single motion picture. The photographs include portraits of Engel, his family and friends; pictures from his political campaigns, and his photos from his 1945 trip investigating waste at military bases around the world. The motion picture also documents that investigation.

 
Photographs
Box   9  
Campaigns
Box   9  
Europe (Italy) circa 1945
Box   9  
Family and friends (3 folders)
Box   9  
France circa 1918
Box   9  
Miscellaneous
Box   9  
Near East (Iran, Egypt, Palestine) circa 1945
Box   9  
Portraits
Box   9  
South Pacific circa 1945-1946 (1 folder)
 
U.S. Congress. Army Appropriations Committee
Box   9  
Formal
Box   9  
Informal
Box   9  
West Point visit 1944
Box   9  
Youth
Box   9  
Postcards (largely World War I era)
Box   9  
Postcard booklets (largely World War I era of French views)
 
Films
 
"Round the World Trip" film of Appropriations Subcommittee visit to U.S. installations. 1945 ([851419-1-1])
 
Original: [Restricted] (16mm film, b/w, pos, silent, 00:31:40)
DVD Box   1  
Use Copy: (DVD)
 
Streaming File: 851419-1-1 (flash-flv)
 
"Round the World Trip" film of Appropriations Subcommittee visit to U.S. installations. 1945 ([851419-2-2])
 
Original: [Restricted] (16mm film, b/w, pos, silent, 00:19:26)
DVD Box   1  
Use Copy: (DVD)
 
Streaming File: 851419-2-2 (flash-flv)
Additional Descriptive Data
Selective Index to Correspondence
Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949.
  • July 14, 1937
Baer, Max A.
  • June 2, 1945, July 11, 1945
Brucker, Wilber Marion, 1894-1968.
  • Nov. 20, 1928, Dec. 31, 1929, Jan. 4, 1930, Mar. 3, 1931
Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966.
  • Feb. 23, 1950
Carlson, Frank, 1893-
  • Feb. 11, 1947
Connally, Tom, 1877-1963
  • Mar. 27, 1947
Curwood, James Oliver, 1878-1927
  • Dec. 24, 1926
Dickinson, Luren Dudley, 1859-1943
  • June 12, 1929, Mar. 2, 1931, Aug. 21, 1940, Oct. 15, 1940, Jan. 28, 1942
Disney, Walt, 1901-1966
  • Mar. 21, 1940
Ferguson, Homer, 1889-1982
  • Apr. 9, 1948
Fitzgerald, Frank Dwight, 1885-1939
  • Dec. 10, 1929, Feb. 18, 1931, Feb. 7, 1934, Feb. 2, 1935
Forrestal, James, 1892-1949.
  • Apr. 30, 1946, Apr. 15, 1947, June 9, 1947, June 12, 1947, June 26, 1947, July 22, 1947, Nov. 26, 1947, Dec. 2, 1947, Apr. 7, 1948
Green, Fred Warren, 1872-1936
  • July 12, 1927, Dec. 9, 1935
Groesbeck, Alexander J. 1873-1953
  • Apr. 12, 1922, Jan. 29, 1934, Feb. 20, 1934
Hannah, John A., 1902-
  • Mar. 15, 1949
Hare, James M., 1910-
  • May 8, 1959
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
  • Oct. 18, 1928, Oct. 8, 1945
Hoover, J. Edgar, (John Edgar), 1895-1972
  • Dec. 17, 1937, Apr. 24, 1940, Jan. 27, 1941
Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955.
  • Oct. 28, 1937, Jan. 17, 1938, June 5, 1940
Kelly, Harry F. (Harry Francis), 1895-1971
  • Nov. 23, 1940, Feb. 3, 1944, Aug. 29, 1944, Dec. 1, 1944, Sept. 3, 1946, Sept. 21, 1951
Knox, Frank, 1874-1944
  • Apr. 19, 1938
Landon, Alfred M. (Alfred Mossman), 1887-1987
  • July 12, 1943
Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969
  • July 18, 1939, Jan. 10, 1940
Lubin, Isador, 1896-
  • Jan. 10, 1940
McLaughlin, James Campbell, 1858-1932
  • Mar. 3, 1920, Feb. 13, 1932, Feb. 23, 1920, Mar. 6, 1920, Apr. 9, 1920, Feb. 23, 1920, Apr. 10, 1922, Feb. 11, 1930, Feb. 11, 1932, Sept. 14, 1932, Oct. 17, 1932
Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959
  • Dec. 5, 1939, Nov. 8, 1940, Sept. 7, 1944
Martin, Joseph William, 1884-1968.
  • July 19, 1939, July 24, 1944, Aug. 7, 1939, Aug. 4, 1943, July 24, 1944
Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949
  • July 16, 1937
Murray, Philip, 1886-1952
  • Apr. 27, 1950
Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), 1860-
  • Nov. 7, 1939, Feb. 23, 1944
Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988.
  • Feb. 23, 1944
Patterson, Robert Porter, 1891-1952
  • Sept. 23, 1944, Apr. 5, 1945, Sept. 10, 1945, Nov. 5, 1945, June 11, 1947, June 13, 1947, June 17, 1947, July 1, 1947, Section of War
Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965
  • Nov. 23, 1944
Pollock, James Kerr, 1898-1968
  • Aug. 3, 1939
Powers, Perry Francis, 1857-1945
  • May 20, 1920, July 16, 1936
Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882-
  • Nov. 23, 1929, May 12, 1931, Oct. 9, 1933, June 5, 1937
Sigler, Kim, 1894
  • Nov. 19, 1946
Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959
  • June 24, 1931
Sparks, Frank Melville, 1877-
  • Feb. 27, 1928, Mar. 17, 1928, Mar. 23, 1928, June 19, 1928, July 11, 1928, July 30, 1928
Stimson, Henry Lewis, 1867-1950
  • Oct. 1, 1940, Oct. 14, 1940, Jan. 11, 1941, Feb. 19, 1945, Mar. 21, 1944, Feb. 15, 1945, Feb. 23, 1945
Symington, Stuart, 1901-
  • Sept. 18, 1947, June 26, 1948, Apr. 31, 1948, Jan. 22, 1948, May 18, 1948
Thompson, Ruth, 1887-1970
  • July 20, 1954
Townsend, Charles Elroy, 1856-1924
  • Oct. 22, 1921, Feb. 7, 1922, Oct. 18, 1922, Nov. 8, 1922
Townsend, Francis E. (Francis Everett), 1867-1960
  • Feb. 17, 1940
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
  • Sept. 13, 1949
Tunney, James Joseph, 1897-
  • May 28, 1938, June 9, 1938
Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951
  • Mar. 31, 1928, June 10, 1937, Mar. 31, 1938, Apr. 2, 1928, June 3, 1938, Dec. 17, 1937, Jan. 10, 1935, Jan. 17, 1945
Van Wagoner, Murray Delos, 1898-
  • Sept. 21, 1942, Sept. 24, 1945
Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew, 1883-1953
  • May 17, 1948
Wallace, Henry Agard, 1888-1965
  • undated, Feb. 26, 1940, June 26, 1945
Williams, G. Mennen, 1911-
  • Sept. 13, 1949, Oct. 11, 1949
Willkie, Wendell L. (Wendell Lewis), 1892-1944
  • Dec. 22, 1941, Dec. 6, 1940, Sept. 9, 1940