Charles Horton Cooley papers: 1872-1930
Summary Information
Title: Charles Horton Cooley papers
Creator: Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929
Inclusive dates: 1872-1930
Extent: 7 linear feet (in 9 boxes)
Extent: 1 oversize folder
Extent: 2 portraits
Abstract:
Professor of sociology at University of Michigan. Papers contain correspondence, including letters, 1881-1884, written to his family while traveling in Europe, and correspondence with his parents, Mary E. and Thomas M. Cooley, and his wife, Elsie Jones Cooley; addresses, notes, essays, book reviews, notes and material for sociology courses; student notebook, 1893-1894, on lectures given by John Dewey; diary of a trip through the Smokey Mountains in 1883; and journals detailing his personal thoughts and tracing the evolution of his ideas on sociology and democracy; and photographs.
Call number: 851001 Aa 2 Ac
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Michigan Historical Collections staff

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was formed from a number of accessions received between 1939 and 1979 from Mrs. Arthur Baker (Donor 1225), Mary Cooley (Donor 1255), and Edward Jandy (Donor 3150).

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have not transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Alternate Format:

Portions of the Charles Horton Cooley papers have been microfilmed and can be obtained through inter-library loan. The microfilm includes Cooley's journals, correspondence with Thomas M. Cooley, correspondence with his parents, Cooley's notes on philosophy lectures by John Dewey and other selected papers. Microfilmed items are indicated in the contents list.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Charles Horton Cooley Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Charles Horton Cooley was born August 17, 1864 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He was the son of Michigan Supreme Court Justice Thomas M. Cooley and Mary Horton Cooley. He attended the public schools of Ann Arbor graduating from high school in 1880. He enrolled at the University of Michigan that fall at the age of sixteen but only graduated in 1887 having spent some time in Europe prior to completing his degree requirements. Also during this period, Cooley had worked with the Industrial Works at Bay City as a draftsman, then going to Washington D.C. where he was employed with the Interstate Commerce Commission and the census bureau.

Prior to receiving his doctor of philosophy in 1894, Cooley had become in 1892 an assistant in political economy at the University of Michigan. In 1895, Cooley was instrumental in the establishment of a course of study in sociology. In 1899, he was appointed assistant professor of sociology, then junior professor (1904) and full professor (1907). Cooley was the author of several works, including Human Nature and the Social Order (1902); Social Organization (1909); Social Process (1918); and Life and the Student (1927).

Cooley was widely respected as one of the seminal thinkers in the field of sociology for his thoughts and writings on social theory. In his writings, Cooley elaborated concepts of the individual and society. The central principal in Cooley's sociological view was that the essential facts of social life are mental, and the conduct of persons and groups and the forms of institutions, are the result of fundamental mental phenomena.

Cooley died May 7, 1929.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Charles Horton Cooley papers consist of correspondence, journals, Cooley's notes for lectures, student notebooks, various writings by Cooley, articles about Cooley and reviews of his books and photographs. The papers, particularly the correspondence, reveal much about Cooley's personal and family life. The journals and lecture notes provide insight into the development of Cooley's ideas and his place in the field of sociology. Though the collection includes only a small amount of correspondence with other leading sociologists, the journals and lecture notes record Cooley's comments on and critiques of the theories and methods in the developing discipline.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Sociology.
  • Boats.
  • Camping.
  • Children.
  • Photographs.
  • Prints.
  • Women.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Education and the war.
  • Diaries.
  • Photographs.
  • Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929.
  • Cooley family.
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Philosophy.
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Sociology.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • University of Michigan -- Student notebooks.
  • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Ann Arbor High School (Mich.). Class of 1912.
  • Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929.
  • Cooley family.
  • Cooley, Mary Horton, 1830-1890.
  • Cooley, Thomas McIntyre, 1824-1898.
  • Samovar Club (University of Michigan)
  • University of Michigan -- Literary clubs.
  • Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902.
  • H.B. Hall & Sons.
  • E.G. Williams & Bro.
  • Angell, Robert Cooley, 1899-1984.
  • Bain, Read, 1892-
  • Bernard, L. L. (Luther Lee), 1881-1951.
  • Blanshard, Paul, 1892-1980.
  • Cooley, Thomas McIntyre, 1824-1898.
  • Giddings, Franklin Henry, 1855-1931.
  • Holt, Henry, 1840-1926.
  • Lane, Victor Hugo, 1852-1930.
  • Pond, Allen Bartlit, 1858-1929.
  • Ross, Edward Alsworth, 1866-1951.
  • Small, Albion Woodbury, 1854-1926.
  • Sorokin, Pitirim Aleksandrovich, 1889-1968.
  • Taylor, Graham, 1851-1938.
  • Thomas, Calvin, 1854-1919.
  • Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942.
  • Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913.
  • Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Correspondence [series]

The correspondence is largely with family members, much of it with Elsie Jones, his fiancée and wife. There is only a limited amount of correspondence with professional colleagues. These include Franklin H. Giddings, Henry Holt, Edward A. Ross, Albion W. Small, Pitirim A. Sorokin, Calvin Thomas, James H. Tufts, Lester Ward, and Booker T. Washington. A selective index to correspondents is attached to this finding aid.

 
General 1894-1929
Box   1  
Undated

(microfilm copy available, mf621)

Box   1  
1894-1928

(microfilm copy available, mf621)

 
1927-1929

(1977 Accession)

Box   1  
A-BI
Box   1  
CC-K
Box   1  
L-P
Box   1  
Q-Z
Box   1  
Alfred A. Knopf (largely concerning Life and The Student)
Box   1  
1928-1929

(1977 accession)

 
Correspondence with his parents, Thomas M. and Mary Horton Cooley
Box   1  
1872-1881

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
January-May 1882

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
June-December 1882

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
January-June 1883

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
July-December 1883

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
January-March 1884

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
April-June 1884

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
July-December 1884

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
1885-1888

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
1889-1895

(microfilm copy available, mf620-mf621)

Box   1  
From mother (1997 accession; not microfilmed) 1882-1884
 
Correspondence with Elsie Jones
Box   1  
July-October 1888
Box   1  
November 1888
Box   1  
December 1888
Box   1  
January 1889
Box   1  
February 1889, March 1889
Box   1  
April 1889
Box   1  
May 1889
Box   1  
August-September 1889
Box   1  
October 1889
Box   1  
November 1889
Box   1  
December 1889
Box   1  
January 1890
Box   1  
February 1890
Box   1  
March 1890
Box   1  
April 1890
Box   2  
May 1890
Box   2  
June 1890
Box   2  
July 1890
Box   2  
October-November 1890
Box   2  
December 1890
Box   2  
1891
Box   2  
1892-1894
Box   2  
1896-1899
Box   2  
1900-1909
Box   2  
1910
Box   2  
1911
Box   2  
1912-1913, 1914
Box   2  
1917-1925
Box   2  
1926, 1928 [1979 accession] 1926-1928
 
Miscellaneous
Box   2  
Letters of condolence 1929
Box   2  
Correspondence of Elsie Jones Cooley 1939
Box   2  
Letters from Mary Cooley to Elsie Jones 1888-1890
Box   2  
Letter from Thomas M. Cooley to Elsie Jones March 1890
Box   2  
Note from James B. Angell to Elsie Cooley and Mary Cooley (sister of Charles) 1907
 
Journals/Diaries 1882-1929 [series]

The journals, which Cooley kept through most of his life, include brief observations on daily events and activities as well as more extended entries on his reading, research, and sociological and philosophical subjects. Also included is a diary of a trip Cooley made through the Great Smoky Mountains in 1883.

Box   2  
Index to journals prepared by Professor Glenn Jacobs 1979
Box   2  
Undated
Box   2  
1882

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   2  
, journal of trip to Colorado 1882

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   2  
, diary of trip through the Great Smokey Mountains August-October 1883

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   2  
, diary written while in Munich February-April 1984
Box   2  
1887-1888

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   2  
1889-1891

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   2  
No. 6: May 2-July 6, 1890

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   2  
No. 10: July 21, 1895-April 26, 1896

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   2  
No. 11: May 7, 1896-March 21, 1897

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   2  
No. 12: May 2, 1897-August 7, 1898

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 13: August 8, 1898-1899

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 14: 1900-December 20, 1901

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 15: December 24, 1901-September 12, 1902

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 16: September 19, 1902-June 25, 1903

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 17: July 8, 1903-August 28, 1904

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 18a: September 9, 1904-February 6, 1908

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 18b: February 16, 1908-January 1, 1910

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 19: February 6 1910-October 1911

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 20: October 30, 1911-September 7, 1913

(microfilm copy available, mf616)

Box   3  
No. 21: November 1913-April 11, 1919

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   3  
No. 22: April 20, 1919-June 5, 1925

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   3  
No. 23: June 6, 1925-November 4, 1928

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

Box   3  
No. 24: October 4, 1928-April 7, 1929

(microfilm copy available, mf617)

 
Course Materials [series]

The course materials series includes Cooley's notes (1894) on lectures of John Dewey. There is also a "published" set of notes for Cooley's Principles of Sociology course as well as his notes for the first sociology course at the university taught by Cooley in 1894-95. With this series, there are the notes taken by an unidentified University of Michigan student of courses taken in 1902 with several of the university's better known professors. It is unclear how Cooley came into possession of the notebooks.

Box   4  
Student notebook: philosophy lectures of John Dewey 1894

(includes several lectures on anthropological ethics and lectures on political philosophy)

(microfilm copy available, mf619)

Box   4  
Principles of Sociology (For Edwards Brothers publishers) undated (2 volumes)
Box   4  
Sociology course 1894

(Note by Cooley indicates these are likely his notes for the first sociology course taught at Michigan)

Box   4  
Sociology course 1894-1895
 
Student Notes (Notes of unknown University of Michigan student)
Box   4  
Sociology lectures of Charles H. Cooley 1902
Box   4  
History lectures of Andrew C. McLaughlin 1902
Box   4  
French lectures of John R. Effinger 1902
Box   4  
German lectures of Jonathan A.C. Hildner 1902
 
Miscellaneous: Writings, Notes, and Personal [series]

The Miscellaneous (Writings, Notes, and Personal) series consists of drafts of various writings, reprints of articles, reviews of his works, biographical and genealogical information.

Box   4  
Drafts of various writings and collected material 1894, 1924, undated (3 volumes)
Box   5  
Elsie Jones Cooley papers concerning trip to Europe 1891-1892 (2 folders)
 
Reviews and related
Box   5  
Human Nature and the Social Order 1902-1903
Box   5  
Social Organization 1909-1915
Box   5  
Social Process 1918-1919
Box   5  
Life and the Student 1927-1928
Box   5  
Notes and other materials from the time when he was a student in Munich 1884
Box   5  
Essay presented to American Seminary 1885
Box   5  
Notes made at Concord, Massachusetts 1891
Box   5  
Articles undated
Box   5  
Lecture Notes undated
Box   5  
Reprints of articles
Box   5  
Articles concerning Cooley 1909-1923, undated
Box   5  
Genealogical papers 1901-1939
Box   5  
Miscellaneous subjects undated
Box   5  
Concerning the development of sociology at the University of Michigan
Box   5  
Miscellanea (includes correspondence, notes, remembrances of Cooley by Jacob Billikopf, and marriage certificate)
Box   5  
"Charles Horton Cooley: A Memorial Read before the Senate of the University of Michigan, April 10, 1930"
Oversize Folder   1  
Passport 1883
 
Diploma 1884
 
Sketch of boat undated
 
Photographs [series]

The Cooley papers contain a small number of photographs and prints including portraits Charles and his parents, and photos of family and friends and colleagues.

Box   5  
Cooley, Charles Horton, portraits
 
Cooley, Mary Horton
Box   5  
Portraits
Framed item   1  
Framed portrait (frame size 53x45 cm.)

(in vault)

 
Cooley, Thomas McIntyre
Box   5  
Portraits
Framed item   2  
Framed portrait (frame size 53x45 cm)

(in vault)

Box   5  
Cooley family, friends, and colleagues (including Ann Arbor High School Class of 1912)
Box   5  
World War I, University of Michigan students being sworn into Navy
Box   5  
Photo Album (includes camping and boating scenes)
Oversize Folder   1  
Samovar Club
 
Prints [series]
Box   5  
Thomas McIntyre Cooley portraits

(Engravings by E.G. Williams & Bro. and H.B. Hall & Sons)

Oversize Folder   1  
Thomas McIntyre Cooley portrait

(Print by Thomas Nast, Jr.)

 
Research Notes used in the preparation of lectures, books and articles [series]

The research notes series consists of handwritten and typed notes on 5x6 (for the most part) slips of paper grouped together in small packets. Some are labeled and appear to be notes for specific projects or courses. Others seem to be topical notes on Cooley's reading and research. The notes were found in Cooley's desk following his death. Whatever order and arrangement Cooley had maintained has likely been lost in the transfer and boxing of the notes. The packets which could be readily identified are listed in the contents list.

Box   6  
Anthropology
Box   6  
Art
Box   6  
Art Spirit
Box   6  
Biology and Sociology
Box   6  
Botanical notes
Box   6  
Caste
Box   6  
Child study -- Joan
Box   6  
Child study -- Mary Elizabeth
Box   6  
Children
Box   6  
Church
Box   6  
Cities, tenements
Box   6  
Class
Box   6  
Communication
Box   6  
Conflict
Box   6  
Crime
Box   6  
Culture
Box   6  
Degeneration; particularism; other topics
Box   6  
Dissipation
Box   6  
Dissipation, recreation
Box   6  
Education
Box   6  
Education, philanthropy, etc
Box   6  
Elementary social relations
Box   7  
Family
Box   7  
Foreign element
Box   7  
Greater life
Box   7  
Group
Box   7  
Industry
Box   7  
Instinct (Society and the Individual)
Box   7  
Institutions
Box   7  
Institutions and the individual
Box   7  
James (William) others, notes on
Box   7  
Lecture material
Box   7  
Lectures
 
Life and the Student chapter notes
Box   7  
Art, Science and Sociology
Box   7  
Control
Box   7  
Human Nature
Box   7  
Larger life
Box   7  
"Our Times"
Box   7  
Progress
Box   7  
Reading and Writing
Box   7  
Thinking
Box   7  
Teacher
Box   7  
Understanding Perception
Box   7  
Meditations
Box   7  
Method
Box   7  
Method, Research, etc.
Box   7  
Method notes: Arts and Sciences
Box   7  
Nationality
Box   7  
Opportunity and education
Box   7  
Organization, general view of
Box   7  
Prestige, conduct, degeneration
Box   7  
Process (2 folders)
Box   7  
Race
Box   7  
Relief (charity)
Box   8  
Selection, Control, Standards
Box   8  
Self and the World
Box   8  
Sentiment
Box   8  
Sentiment, Motive, etc.
Box   8  
Settlements
Box   8  
Social feeling
Box   8  
Social Mind
Box   8  
Social Process -- Technique of Rural Sociology
Box   8  
Social Self-Feeling
Box   8  
Social Will
Box   8  
Socialism
Box   8  
Sociology Dept. (University of Michigan), notes
Box   8  
Sociology notes
Box   8  
State
Box   8  
Success
Box   8  
Suicide
Box   8  
Thinking; Teaching
Box   8  
Trends
Box   8  
Variation
Box   8  
Writing, Art of
Box   8  
Miscellaneous, unidentified, fragment (2 folders)
Box   9  
Miscellaneous (23 folders)
Additional Descriptive Data
Selective Index to Chronological Correspondence, 1894-1928
Giddings, Franklin Henry, 1855-1931
  • Oct. 27,1902
Holt, Henry, 1840-1926.
  • June 26,1899
Ross, Edward Alsworth, 1866-1951.
  • Nov. 2,1894
Small, Albion Woodbury, 1854-1926.
  • Dec. 2, 1902
Sorokin, Pitrim Alexandrovich, 1889-1968.
  • Sept. 16, 1927
Thomas, Calvin, 1854-1919.
  • May 28, 1903
Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942.
  • May 2, 1903; Jan. 13, 1910
Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913
  • 1898; 1900; 1902; 1907 [Attached to letter from B. Stern to E.C. Jandy, Nov. 19,19311
Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1856-1915.
  • Dec. 27, 1909
Selective Index of Alphabetical Correspondence, 1927-1929
Angell, Robert Cooley, 1899-
  • Oct. 5, 1928; Oct. 8, 1928; Dec. 3, 1928; Feb. 2, 1929
Bain, Read, 1892-
  • Sept. 5, 1927; Sept. 11, 1927; Sept. 27, 1927; Oct. 2, 1927; Aug. 21, 1927; Dec. 10, 1927; Dec. 18, 1927
Bernard, Luther Lee, 1881-1951
  • Jan. 8, 1927; Feb. 14, 1927; Mar. 28, 1927; Apr. 1927; Aug. 11, 1927; Aug. 15, 1927; Aug. 24, 1927; Sept. 30, 1927; Jan. 31, 1928; Feb. 6, 1928; Feb. 27, 1928; Mar. 25, 1928
Pond, Allen Bartlit, 1858-1929.
  • Sept. 30, 1927; Feb. 2, 1929; Feb. 4, 1929; Feb. 13, 1929
Sorokin, Pitrim Alexandrovich, 1889-1968.
  • Apr. 20, 1928; Apr. 23, 1928
Taylor, Graham, 1851-1938.
  • Jan. 5, 1928; Jan. 15, 1928; Jan. 20, 1928
Wenley, Robert Mark, 1861-1929.
  • Nov. 23, 1927