Sandra S. Cole papers: 1994-2007
Summary Information
Title: Sandra S. Cole papers
Creator: Cole, Sandra S., 1937-
Dates: 1994-2007
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Sandra S. Cole is a sexologist and professor (retired) at the University of Michigan School of Medicine. This collection documents Cole’s transgender advocacy, including the University of Michigan’s Comprehensive Gender Services Program, the inclusion of gender identity in the non-discrimination policies of the University of Michigan and the City of Ann Arbor, and her presentations, public appearances, and consultation work on transgender issues in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Call number: 2010156 Aa 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
Home Page:
Finding aid created by Jennifer Barr, 2010

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was donated by Sandra S. Cole (donor no. 10378) in July, 2010.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see:


Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright is not held. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Sandra S. Cole papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Sandra S. Cole, Ph.D., is a professor (retired), sexologist and sex educator. From 1970 to 1977, she was on the faculty of the University of Minnesota Medical School, in the Program in Human Sexuality. In 1977, she joined the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the University of Michigan Medical School. In 1993 she founded the University's Comprehensive Gender Services Program (CGSP), a multidisciplinary healthcare program for transgender people. She served as the program's director until her retirement in 2000.

Since the early 1980s, Cole has been active in the transgender community as an educator, consultant, and advocate. She was the co-author of Ann Arbor, Michigan's ordinance on gender identity non-discrimination, which was passed in 1999. Between 1999 and 2007 she worked for the inclusion of gender identity in the University's non-discrimination policies. Also active in this effort were Jim Toy from the Office of Equity and Diversity, Royster Harper, Vice President for Student Affairs, Frederic McDonald-Dennis, Director of the Office of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Affairs, and others.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Sandra S. Cole papers document Cole's work on behalf of the transgender community at the University of Michigan and in Ann Arbor. A number of the papers in the collection are photocopies of items held by the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction at Indiana University. The collection consists of four series: Comprehensive Gender Services Program, University of Michigan Non-Discrimination Policy, Lectures, Public Appearances, and Consultation Work, and Transgender Reference Materials.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.

  • Ann Arbor (Mich.) -- Politics and government.
  • Sex discrimination -- Law and legislation.
  • Sex discrimination in education -- Michigan.
  • Transgender people -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Michigan.
  • Transgender people -- Medical care -- Michigan.
  • Cole, Sandra S., 1937-
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
Comprehensive Gender Services Program (CGSP) 1997-2000 [series]

The bulk of the Comprehensive Gender Services Program series consists of a 1997 annual report on the program's services, policies, and procedures. The series also includes program evaluation forms, mission and vision statements, and miscellaneous forms and procedures dating from 1998 to 2000.

Box   1  
Annual Report 1997
Box   1  
Miscellaneous Forms and Program Information 1998-2000, undated
University of Michigan Non-Discrimination Policy 1999-2007 [series]

The second series, University of Michigan Non-Discrimination Policy, documents the history of transgender advocacy at the University of Michigan. Materials include reports from the Gender Identity Working Group in 2003 and the Task Force on the Campus Climate for Transgender, Bisexual, Lesbian, and Gay (TBLG) Faculty, Staff, and Students in 2004-2005. The work of these groups helped lay the groundwork for the changes in the University's non-discrimination policy that were passed in 2007. This series also includes Cole's notes, correspondence, and prepared remarks for meetings with the Regents of the University in 2005 and 2007.

Box   1  
Reports and Memoranda on Transgender Advocacy at U of M 1999-2002, undated
Box   1  
Annotated Draft of Standard Practice Guide 2001
Box   1  
Division of Student Affairs Gender Identity Services Survey Results 2003
Box   1  
Gender Identity Working Group Agenda, Minutes, and Reports 2003
Box   1  
Task Force on the Campus Climate for TBLG Faculty Staff, and Students Reports and Related Materials 2004
Box   1  
TBLG Subcommittee Reports 2005
Box   1  
Notes and Correspondence 2005, undated
Box   1  
Regents Meeting Comments, Correspondence, and Related Materials 2003, 2005

(includes biographical sketches of Cole)

Box   1  
Amendment to Regents Bylaws, Correspondence, Clippings, and Related Materials 2007
Lectures, Public Appearances, and Consultation 1997-2004 [series]

Lectures, Public Appearances, and Consultation documents Cole's role as an advocate, educator, and consultant on transgender issues. Materials include policy drafts and comments related to the 1999 passage of the Ann Arbor City Ordinance Amendment; lecture notes, presentation slides, and reference materials for lectures on transgender identity and healthcare; and reports and articles from the Open Justice Commission on sexual orientation and transgender education for the legal community.

Box   1  
Michigan Model: Drafts, Lecture Notes, and Slide Printouts 1997
Box   1  
Ypsilanti Campaign for Equality Healing Workshop: Notes and Correspondence 1998
Box   1  
Ann Arbor City Council Ordinance Amendment Drafts, Comments, Clippings, and Related Material 1999
Box   1  
U of M Sexual Harassment Training Agenda and Notes 2000
Box   1  
Transgender Odyssey Toward Acceptance: Slide Printouts, Lecture Notes, and Related Materials 2001-2002

(includes biographical sketch of Cole)

Box   1  
Transgender Odyssey Toward Acceptance: Notes, Slides, and Transparencies 2001-2002
Box   1  
Open Justice Commission Reports, Articles, and Related Materials 2002-2003 (4 folders)
Box   1  
The Avalanche: Lecture Notes and Related Materials 2003
Box   1  
National Transgender Library and Archives Dedication Correspondence and Remarks 2004
Box   1  
Transgender Healthcare: Lecture Notes and Related Materials circa 2000
Transgender Reference Materials 1994-2007 [series]

The final series, Transgender Reference Materials, consists of articles and clippings on topics related to transgender identity and social experience, non-discrimination policies, civil rights, and healthcare.

Box   2  
Civil Rights and Legal Resources for Transgender 1998-2003, undated
Box   2  
College and University Non-Discrimination Policies 1994-2007
Box   2  
Gender Identity Disorder/Gender Dysphoria, Articles and Related Materials 1996-1997, undated
Box   2  
Transgender College Faculty and Students, Articles and Clippings 1994-2004
Box   2  
Transgender Healthcare, Articles and Bulletins 1995-1997, undated
Box   2  
Transgender Identity, Articles, Clippings, and Related Materials 1999-2004
Box   2  
Transgender Medical and Social Services Brochures circa 2000
Additional Descriptive Data
Related Material

Sandra Cole has donated the bulk of her professional papers to the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction at Indiana University.