Michigan Citizen Records: 1933-2015 (bulk 1990-2010)
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Container / Location Title
 
Civil Defense [series]

The Civil Defense series contains three subseries: World War II Era (1941-1946), Fuel Shortages and Rationing (1943-1950), and Post-World War II (1947-1952). Each of these subseries is further divided by name of organization and major subject areas. These subseries are basically office files, and include many reports, memos, pamphlets, and orders not directly related to Leonard, along with his personal notes and correspondence. There is also a large selection of printed civil defense pamphlets and books. These subseries also include some of the office files of Leonard's predecessor and successor as Michigan Civil Defense Director, Harold A. Furlong and Lester J. Maitland respectively. Of interest in the first subseries are materials accumulated during a study trip taken by Leonard to examine civil defense procedures in England in 1941. This subseries also has information pertaining to the Detroit race riot of 1943. The files on post-war civil defense contain documentation of preparations for possible nuclear attacks.

 
World War II Era 1941-1946 [subseries]
 
National Civil Defense
 
U.S. Office of Civilian Defense 1941-1944
Box   4  
Organizational charts
 
Newspapers and bulletins
Box   4  
OCD newsletter 1941
Box   4  
Defense and Victory 1941-1942
Box   4  
Observation post 1942
Box   4  
Civilian front 1943-1944
Box   4  
Press releases (2 folders)
Box   4  
Inter-office memos October 1941-January 1942 (3 folders)
 
War Traffic Control
Box   4  
Correspondence and meeting reports
Box   4  
Final reports
Box   4  
Report-Duties of Police in Civilian Defense
Box   4  
Reports-Civil Defense Fire Protection
Box   4  
Reports-Defense Communications
Box   4  
List of State Defense Councils
 
Civil Defense Study Trip to Eng 1941
Box   4  
Daily programs and itineraries
Box   4  
Correspondence
Box   4  
Notes (2 folders)
Box   4  
Trip reports-Housing by Harry M. Prince
Box   4  
Trip reports-Medical Administration by Huntington Williams (3 folders)
Box   4  
British civil defense publications-Ministry of Home Security
Box   4  
British civil defense publications-Home Office (2 folders)
Box   4  
Commercial civil defense pamphlets (2 folders)
Box   4  
London civil defense region circulars
Box   4  
Manchester civil defense papers
Box   4  
Bristol and Nottingham civil defense
Box   4  
Miscellanea
Box   4  
Newspaper clippings
 
Regional Civil Defense Cooperation 1942-1945
Box   5  
East Coast Conference of State Defense Directors-correspondence
Box   5  
Various state civil defense bulletins and newsletters
Box   5  
Various state civil defense and disaster plans
Box   5  
U.S.O.C.D. Protection Services Division and Industrial Protection Division Report October 1944
Box   5  
U.S.O.C.D. Civilian War Services report May 1944
Box   5  
Notes and memos on Organizational Principles and Conduct of the War
 
Michigan Civil Defense
 
Michigan Council of Defense 1942-1943
Box   5  
Annual reports, chronologies, budgets (2 folders)
Box   5  
Personnel lists
Box   5  
Correspondence 1942-1943 (2 folders)
Box   5  
Papers re legal liability for Civil Defense Activity
Box   5  
Papers re M.C.D. meetings
 
Office of Director of Civilian Defense 1943-1946
Box   5  
Papers re passage of Michigan Civilian Defense Act of 1943 (2 folders)
Box   5  
Year-end roundups and chronology
Box   5  
Personnel lists
Box   5  
Administrative procedures
Box   5  
Official bulletins, orders, memos (3 folders)

(bulletins dealing with a specific activity will be found in the file for that activity

Box   5  
Report-Realignment of Civilian Defense Protective Services, 1944)
Box   5  
Appropriations and payroll (2 folders)
Box   5  
Report to Governor Kelly 1944
Box   5  
Press releases
Box   5  
MCD Bulletin and Michigan OCD Bulletin 1942-1944
Box   5  
Inter-office memos
Box   5  
Correspondence 1943-1945 (2 folders)
Box   5  
Meetings with Governor-agendas and notes
Box   5  
State disaster plans
Box   5  
Lists of Michigan communities (2 folders)
Box   5  
Michigan Airport directory
 
Termination of Michigan O.C.D.
Box   5  
Correspondence and notes 1945-1948 (2 folders)
Box   5  
Property accounting
 
U.S. Citizens Defense Corps of Michigan 1941-1945
Box   5  
Organizational statements and reports
Box   5  
Organizational charts
Box   5  
Personnel lists-part of Upper Peninsula (2 folders)
Box   6  
Personnel lists-local commanders
Box   6  
Correspondence and notes
Box   6  
Training manual
Box   6  
Operational Plan-State Control Center
Box   6  
Operational Plan-Local Control Center
Box   6  
Sample forms
 
County and Municipal Defense Councils 1941-1945
Box   6  
Correspondence
Box   6  
Report on Berrien County Defense Council
Box   6  
History of Pontiac Defense Council
Box   6  
Tabulation of county and municipal defense councils, and allocation of equipment
Box   6  
List of members
 
Detroit Metropolitan Civil Defense Area 1941-1945
Box   6  
Establishment and administration
Box   6  
Organization-Plans
Box   6  
Organization-Correspondence
Box   6  
Budget and personnel
Box   6  
General correspondence
Box   6  
Organizational charts
Box   6  
Inventory of goods and services shortages in metropolitan Detroit
Box   6  
Volunteer, Detroit civil defense newspaper 1944
 
Michigan State Troops Officers' School 1943
Box   6  
Transcript of lectures
 
Civil Protection Programs 1941-1945
 
Air Wardens
 
Aircraft Detection Corps-Aircraft Warning Service
Box   6  
Correspondence May 1942-1944 (3 folders)
Box   6  
Notes and lists
Box   6  
Publicity
 
Air Raid Warning System
Box   6  
Correspondence
Box   6  
Instructions and orders
Box   6  
Civilian instructions
Box   6  
Miscellaneous publications
Box   6  
New air raid warning signals 1943
Box   6  
Air Raid Warning Test reports March 8, 1944
Box   6  
Air Raid Warning Test reports May 10, 1944
Box   6  
Japanese balloon attacks (2 folders)
Box   6  
Buzz bomb attacks
 
Police Protection
Box   6  
County warning plan
Box   6  
Radio silencing plan
Box   6  
Survey of Michigan police departments
Box   7  
Detroit Riot 1943
Box   7  
Correspondence and memos
Box   7  
Report and recommendations by Leonard
Box   7  
Mobilization plan
 
Berrien County guerrilla unit
Box   7  
Correspondence
Box   7  
Clippings
Box   7  
Fire Protection (2 folders)
Box   7  
Gas Defense organization
Box   7  
Protection of water supply and bridges
Box   7  
Disaster command post exercises
 
Industrial plant protection
Box   7  
Correspondence and memos
Box   7  
Transcript of Wisconsin Plant Protection conference 1942
Box   7  
Blood plasma and resuscitator availability
 
Michigan Bell Telephone Company and civil defense
Box   7  
Correspondence
Box   7  
Presentation of National Security Award
Box   7  
Emergency routines
Box   7  
Wartime emergency procedures
Box   7  
Practice blackouts (2 folders)
 
Civilian Welfare Programs 1941-1945
Box   7  
Milk shortage (4 folders)
Box   7  
Housing
Box   7  
Soldiers' ballots
Box   7  
D-Day observance
Box   7  
VE and VJ Day plans
Box   7  
Food and salvage
 
Fuel Shortages and Rationing 1943-1950 [subseries]
 
Gasoline Rationing-Relaxation of rationing for deer hunters 1943
Box   7  
Correspondence September 1943-December 1943 (2 folders)
Box   7  
Notes
Box   7  
Press releases and clippings (2 folders)
 
Coal Shortages 1943-1946
Box   8  
State and federal orders and plans
 
Press releases
Box   8  
U.S. Solid Fuels Administration (2 folders)
Box   8  
Michigan Office of Civilian Defense
Box   8  
Correspondence and notes
Box   8  
Coal dealer bulletins and memos
 
Coal Shortages 1948-1950
Box   8  
Papers
 
Oil Shortages 1947-1948
 
Governor's Fuel Committee
Box   8  
Plans and reports
Box   8  
Meetings, minutes and notes
Box   8  
Press releases and radio transcripts
Box   8  
General correspondence 1947-1948 (2 folders)
Box   8  
State Industry Advisory Committee
Box   8  
Interviews with oil industry officials
Box   8  
Local fuel shortages (3 folders)
Box   8  
Fuel conservation program
Box   8  
Emergency fuel certificates
Box   8  
Truck weight and length restrictions
Box   8  
Oil industry reports (2 folders)
Box   8  
Petty's oil letter
Box   8  
National Petroleum Council (2 folders)
Box   8  
Congressional hearings
Box   8  
Federal Power Commission and Michigan Public Service Commission hearings
 
Fuel Shortages 1943-1950
Box   8  
Clippings
 
Post-World War II 1947-1952 [subseries]
 
National Civil Defense 1947-1952
Box   8  
Legislation
Box   8  
Planning meetings 1947-1948
Box   8  
Bulletins and memos
Box   8  
Speeches and press releases
Box   8  
Radio broadcast transcripts
 
Reports
Box   8  
Civil Defense Highway Traffic Program (2 folders)
Box   8  
Coordination of Fire Service in Civil Defense Planning by Frank C. McAuliffe
Box   8  
Mutual Aid
Box   8  
Damage from Atomic Explosion and Design of Protective Structures
Box   8  
Public Health and Civil Defense
Box   8  
Flood Emergency Manual-Wisconsin
 
Regional Civil Defense Cooperation 1947-1952
Box   9  
Summary Reports of State Civil Defense Activity
Box   9  
Interstate Civil Defense and Disaster Compact
Box   9  
Eastern Conference of State Civil Defense Directors (2 folders)
Box   9  
Midwestern Conference of State Civil Defense Directors
Box   9  
Council of State Governments Civil Defense Conference
 
State Civil Defense publications and plans
Box   9  
Florida
Box   9  
Indiana
Box   9  
Nevada
Box   9  
New Hampshire
Box   9  
New Jersey
Box   9  
New York
Box   9  
North Carolina
Box   9  
Ohio
Box   9  
Miscellanea
 
Mock Nuclear Attack Exercises 1950
 
Seattle
Box   9  
Notes and correspondence
Box   9  
Agendas and general documents
Box   9  
Reports of city departments
Box   9  
Transcript of critique (5 folders)
 
Chicago
Box   9  
Correspondence and agendas (2 folders)
Box   9  
Statement of Problem and Responses (2 folders)
Box   9  
City Department Civil Defense Plans (2 folders)
Box   9  
Washington-miscellaneous
 
Michigan Civil Defense
 
Office of Director of Civil Defense 1947-1952
Box   10  
Organizational charts
Box   10  
MOCD newsletter 1951-1952
Box   10  
Civil Defense information kit
Box   10  
Personnel lists
 
Michigan Plan for Civil Defense
Box   10  
Drafts and correspondence
Box   10  
Police Services appendix
Box   10  
Final Plan
Box   10  
Plan for Control Centers
Box   10  
Civil Defense Recommendations by S.L.A. Marshall
Box   10  
Budget
Box   10  
Meetings 1949-April 1952 (7 folders)

(agendas, notes, minutes)

Box   10  
Correspondence
Box   10  
Memos, notes, form letters
Box   10  
Miscellaneous reports and memos
Box   10  
General orders, bulletins, informational letters (2 folders)
 
Suggested legislation
Box   10  
Subversive control 1948
Box   10  
New Civil Defense Act 1951-1952
Box   10  
Lists of Michigan Communities
 
Local Civil Defense Organization 1947-1952
Box   10  
Personnel
Box   10  
Mutual Aid Areas
Box   10  
Progress reports-Wayne County outside Detroit (2 folders)
Box   10  
Progress reports-Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw counties
Box   10  
Progress reports-Critical Communities outside Detroit Metropolitan area (2 folders)
 
Detroit Civil Defense Planning 1947-1952
Box   10  
Correspondence
Box   10  
Police Civil Defense Plan
Box   10  
Emergency Police Reserve Training Manual
Box   10  
Civil Defense Digest by Detroit Public Library
 
Mock Nuclear Attack Exercises 1951
 
Sault Ste. Marie
Box   11  
Correspondence and memos
Box   11  
Reports and observations
 
Detroit
Box   11  
Agendas and remarks
Box   11  
State Police reports
Box   11  
City department reports (6 folders)
 
Ground Observer Corps 1949-1952
Box   11  
Organization
Box   11  
Conference on Expansion of Aircraft Warning System (2 folders)
Box   11  
Correspondence
Box   11  
Notes
Box   11  
Progress reports
 
Observation Posts
Box   11  
Lists
Box   11  
Correspondence July-December 1950 (2 folders)
Box   11  
Grand Rapids Filter Center
Box   11  
Report-Notes on Ground Observer Corps and Civil Air Raid Warning
 
Air Raid Warning System 1950-1952
Box   11  
Correspondence and reports
Box   11  
Revision of Air Raid Warning Signals
 
Special Aspects of Civil Defense 1947-1952
Box   11  
Air Raid Shelters
Box   11  
Auxiliary police training course
Box   11  
Civil Air Patrol
Box   11  
Communications engineering
Box   11  
Emergency procurement of blood (2 folders)
Box   11  
Evacuation policy
Box   11  
Fire protection
Box   11  
Highway and traffic control
Box   11  
Medical (2 folders)
Box   11  
Public works
Box   11  
Radiological monitoring
Box   11  
Red Cross
Box   11  
School and Civil Defense
Box   11  
State-owned fire trucks-Survey (2 folders)
Box   11  
Miscellaneous
Box   12  
Printed material regarding civil defense during World War II era 1941-1948
Box   13  
Printed material regarding civil defense after World War II 1947-1952
Box   13  
Clippings pertaining to Civil Defense undated, 1941-1953 (12 folders)