Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan Records: 1965-2003 (bulk 1975-1998)
Summary Information
Title: Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan Records
Creator: Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan.
Dates: 1965-2003 (Majority of material found within 1975-1998)
Extent: 3.75 linear feet
Abstract:
The records of the Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan (LDAM) document the history, activities, and affiliations of the organization over its more than forty years of existence. The organization has played an important role in helping to influence the crafting of Michigan's special education laws. It continues to pursue its mission of enhancing the quality of life for all individuals with learning disabilities and their families through advocacy, education, training, service and research. Contained herein are also materials of affiliated organizations (CAUSE), commissions (SEAC), grant projects, and publications concerning learning disabilities and special education in Michigan with which the LDAM has affiliated itself.
Call number: 0435 Bh 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Josue Hurtado, February 2004

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The record group was donated by the Association in November 2003. Donor # 9365

Access Restrictions:

The records are open without restriction.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright is not held. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan Records, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


History

The Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan (LDAM) is devoted to defining and finding solutions for the broad spectrum of learning disabilities. The organization is affiliated with the Learning Disabilities Association of America, the largest non-profit volunteer advocacy organization for individuals with learning disabilities. There are nearly 300 state and local affiliates of the Association, totaling more than 40,000 members. The Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan began during the 1962-1963 school year as a result of a special education program established by the Oakland County Intermediate School District called the "Perceptual Development Program." Parents of the sixteen children involved in the program started meeting under the auspices of the Oakland County schools. It was out of these meetings that LDAM was ultimately established.

The Perceptual Development Program was conceived by Jean Lukens with funding from the Physically and Otherwise Health Impaired Act (POHI) of Michigan and provided weekly occupational, physical, speech, and language therapy as part of an educational approach meant to address the learning needs of each child in the project. Teachers were specially trained by Ms. Lukens at Wayne State University for about a year before the program began in 1962. Ms. Lukens also organized and sponsored several meetings of parents whose children were enrolled in the program.

In spring of 1962 the Royal Oak Tribune featured a favorable article which described the program and named Ms. Lukens as a contact. As a result of this article for the next several months Ms. Lukens received hundreds of phone calls from parents who believe that their children could benefit from such a program. Parents of children in the program also pressed for an expansion of the program. By the end of the 1962-1963 school year this small group of parents whose children were in the Perceptual Development Program decided to organize an independent association in order to advocate for improved educational services for children with learning disabilities. This association was named the Michigan Association for Children with Learning Disabilities (MACLD, later the LDAM).

The first officers of the MACLD were Ruth Katzman (President), Al Katzman (Vice President), Fran King (Membership Secretary), and C.P. "Connie" Bittner (Treasurer). Regular monthly meetings began during the 1963-1964 school year. The MACLD also assembled a group of advisors which included psychologists, neurologists, and medical doctors from Wayne State University, the University of Michigan, and Children's Hospital of Michigan.

The nonprofit Articles of Incorporation were filed in August 25, 1965. The stated principle purpose of the Association was "to advance the education and general welfare of children and youth of normal or potentially normal intelligence who have learning disabilities of a perceptual, conceptual, or coordinative nature, or related problems." At the time the total budget of the Association was $55. Activities were performed by members out of their own homes and out of their own pockets. The first LDAM office was located in Royal Oak. The office has moved several times since its founding and the organization is now headquartered in Lansing.

The Association of Children with Learning Disabilities, a national organization, approved the full charter of the MACLD on March 7, 1969 at the National Conference in Chicago. The name of the Association was changed to the Michigan Association for Children and Adults with Learning Disabilities in 1980. In 1989 the name was changed to its current form, the Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan.

In 1966 the Association established fifteen regional chapters. Eventually, over thirty chapters were established in both the upper and lower peninsulas. These local chapters held coffees, had educational meetings, lent support to parents, approached schools, held day and residential camps, implemented educational programs, published newsletters, and wrote letters to support the organization in statewide and national lobbying efforts.

From the start the association applied pressure to local school boards and administrations by focusing on the perceived failure of the educational system to adequately address the needs of children with learning disabilities. They also developed various projects to specifically address these needs including Project Genesis, Swim-Gym, several educational camps throughout Michigan, and the "Bucket-Brigade" tutoring program.

The "Bucket Brigade" was one of the more successful activities performed by LDAM chapters. The "Bucket Brigade" was a concept first designed by Barbara Thompson as a master's thesis in 1970. The concept was for parent volunteers to go into schools with their "bucket" of flash cards and to work with children with learning disabilities. Chapters throughout the state developed "bucket" programs in their schools. This enlarged concept was taken to several national conferences and it spread to other states and countries.

Parent training has also been an integral part of the LDAM's mission. Beginning during the 1972 school year LDAM chapters began sponsoring parent training in an effort to educate parents about new laws, their rights and responsibilities, and ways to improve their learning disabled children's educational experiences.

In order to share information and communicate with its members the LDAM begin publishing a newsletter called the "Outlook" in the early 1960s. At first published monthly to coincide with the meetings, it later was published twice a month and has since developed into a bimonthly newsletter.

The LDAM's first conference was held at Farmington High School in 1967. Conferences have been held yearly since 1968 and have attracted educators, parents, social workers, psychologists, vocational rehabilitation counselors, and personnel from facilities for incarcerated youths and adults. National leaders in the field of learning disabilities have attended and presented at these conferences.

Legislatively, the organization's first impact came in 1967 when they sought to explicitly include learning disabilities in state special education funding. Former state Senator Sander Levin became the Association's lobbyist in Lansing and, together with Advocacy and Resource Center of Michigan and the Michigan Association for Emotionally Disturbed Children, the LDAM played an instrumental role in enacting PA 198 in 1968 which included learning disabilities as an impairment.

The LDAM then worked vigorously on defining the term "learning disabilities" in the legislation as well as codifying the certification of teachers, teacher/student ratios, and other educational requirements for people with learning disabilities. Weekly trips were made to Lansing to attend Department of Education meetings or meet with legislators. The Lansing chapter was especially involved in these activities. The Department of Education promulgated further rules to formalize the Compliance Section of the Department after the LDAM filed several complaints demanding the de-funding of noncompliant Learning Disabilities programs during the 1971-1972 school year. The Compliance Section was established and the Department did, indeed, de-fund a noncompliant Learning Disability program in Oakland County. During this same year many hearings were held regarding compliance issues with the LDAM representing families of children with learning disabilities at no cost.

Early on several members of the LDAM played important roles in helping to guide and develop Michigan's special education policy. Nan Hinrichsen, then president of the MACLD, was appointed to the State Advisory Committee for Special Education and served from 1970 to 1973. Around the same time another Association member, Diane Dingman, was named to the State Education Advisory Committee and served throughout the 1970s. Through this and other forms of member participation and advocacy the LDAM was able to influence the development and implementation of Michigan's special education legislation.

As a national legislative effort to pass a federal law for special education began in 1973, the LDAM began another letter writing campaign to their national senators and representatives requesting the inclusion of learning disabilities into federal law. Partly as a result of their efforts, learning disabilities were included in legislation known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) passed in 1975. The LDAM remains an active participant in the monitoring and development of federal laws governing the education of children and adults with learning disabilities.

The LDAM is affiliated with several other special education organizations and committees, two of which are also documented in this collection: the Citizens Alliance to Uphold Special Education (CAUSE) and the Special Education Advisory Committee (SEAC), part of Michigan's Department of Education

CAUSE is a coalition which provides a forum for special education consumers and providers to exchange ideas and information with other groups in the state of Michigan. CAUSE also provides information to decision-makers to assist them in formulating policy. The CAUSE Board of Directors consists of 51% or more representation of persons with disabilities or parents of persons with disabilities.

CAUSE was founded in 1975, but its roots go back to 1970, when several consumer and provider organizations interested in special education formed the Citizens Committee for Mandatory Special Education. The committee drafted Michigan's Mandatory Special Education Law (Public Act 198) and worked to achieve its passage in 1971. In the years since its founding, several groups have joined the alliance including the Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan.

In 1984, CAUSE became the designated Parent Training and Information Center for the state of Michigan. Today the Michigan Department of Education, Special Education Services, funds a portion of CAUSE information and referral activities and other services for parents

Representatives of CAUSE monitor the activities of the Legislature, State Board of Education, and other bodies affecting special education services. CAUSE initiates programs and projects to improve services to students with disabilities, keeps its members informed of policy developments regarding special education, and formulates methods to coordinate the activities of parent advisory committees and local consumer and provider organizations. CAUSE also informs policy and decision-makers of relevant factors regarding new or revised legislation, rules, or policies, represents parents and educators at the national level, provides free workshops, information, and support, and participates in statewide and national activities that have an impact on persons with learning disabilities and their families.

These materials also document the LDAM's activities as a part of the Special Education Advisory Committee (SEAC). The LDAM plays an important role on SEAC and has done so since the committee's inception in 1975. SEAC is requirement of the Federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Its purpose is to advise the State Board of Education in the field of special education. The Board appoints the Committee's 27 members for three-year terms. Each member represents an interest group who has a stake in the teaching and learning of special education students. A delegate on this committee represents the LDAM.

For the past 40 years and continuing to this day, the Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan has played an important role in advocating for and helping people with learning disabilities and their families in Michigan and nationally. The organization continues to promote enhancements in the quality of life for all individuals with learning disabilities and their families as well as the advancement of knowledge about learning disabilities through advocacy, education, training, service and support of research.

Presidents of the Organization

1962-1963 Ruth Katzman
1963-1964 Al Katzman
1964-1966 Conrad P. Bittner
1966-1968 Lee Hasslinge
1968-1970 Robert Riggs
1970-1971 Nan Hinrichsen
1971-1972 Elain Niver
1972-1973 Al Katzman
1973-1974 Jim Eubanks
1974-1975 Gerald "Jerry" Everson
1975-1976 Carol Bollman
1976-1977 Ed and Lorraine Notman
1977-1978 Judith Haught
1978-1980 Jackie Sipple
1980-1981 Lou Stewart
1981-1983 Helene Gruber
1983-1985 Pat Lustig
1985-1986 Sylvia Perttunen
1986-1988 Florence Curtis
1988-1990 Pat Lewis Gawne
1990-1992 Linda Ries
1992-1994 Caryn Edwards
1994-1996 Walt DeRyke
1996-1998 Linda Ries
1998-1999 Amy Winans and Linda Ries
1999-2001 Kendra Tobes
2001-2003 Amy Winans

Collection Scope and Content Note

The records of the Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan document the administration, activities, and history of this organization and members who have participated in its activities programs since its founding in 1962. The record group is divided into three distinct series: Organization and Administration; Activities; and Affiliated Organizations and Activities.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Learning disabilities -- Michigan.
  • Special education -- Michigan.
  • Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan.
  • Citizens Alliance to Uphold Special Education.
  • Michigan. Special Education Advisory Committee.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Organization and Administration [series]

The Organization and Administration series, 1966 to 1998, (approximately 1.5 linear feet) contains materials which illuminate the organizational structure, history, and decision-making processes of the LDAM and also document the activities of various local chapters.

The Organization and Administration series is divided into three sub-series: Information and Procedures, Chapter Information, and Meetings. The Information and Procedures sub-series contains constitutions, by-laws, membership directories, organizational history, and presidents' and organizational handbooks. These materials are arranged by subject. The Chapter Information sub-series is also arranged by subject and contains materials which document the activities of several of the LDAM's local chapters. These include guidelines to establishing and developing a local chapter, a chapter president's handbook, and advice on attracting publicity. Individual chapter materials, arranged alphabetically by chapter name, consist of annual reports, flyers, newsletters, and other ephemera produced by local chapters. The Meetings sub-series consists of minutes, agendas, and related materials produced by the Annual Meetings, Assembly of Delegates, Board of Directors, and Executive Board meetings of the LDAM. There are also Financial Reports and miscellaneous committee and other activities reports, arranged chronologically.

 
Information and Procedures
Box   1  
About the LDA of Michigan 1992-1999
Box   1  
Application for Renewal of Charitable License 1977
Box   1  
Constitution and By-Laws 1982-2001
Box   1  
Constitution and By-Law Revisions 1985-1987
 
Directories
Box   1  
1970-1975
Box   1  
1975-1982
Box   1  
1981-1985
Box   1  
1981-1985
Box   1  
1985-1994
Box   1  
Various 1968-1998
Box   1  
History
 
Organizational Handbook 1966-1971
Box   1  
Part I: "Membership"
Box   1  
Part II: "Board of Directors"
Box   1  
Part III: "Assembly of Delegates"
Box   1  
Part IV: "President"
Box   1  
Part V: "ACLD"
Box   1  
Part VI: "Memorandums"
Box   1  
Part VII: "General"
Box   1  
President's Handbook 1991-1992
 
Chapter Information
Box   1  
Chapter Development 1985-1994
 
Chapter President's Handbook 1982-1984
Box   1  
Part I: "President"
Box   1  
Part II: "Membership"
Box   1  
Part III: "Treasurer"
Box   1  
Part IV: "Programs"
Box   1  
Part VI: "Publicity"
Box   1  
Part VII: "Miscellaneous"
Box   1  
Letters 1987-1995
Box   1  
Publicity
Box   1  
Albion
Box   1  
Birmingham, Bloomfield, Southfield 1983
Box   1  
Charlevoix-Emmet 1991-1993
Box   1  
Cheboygen 1992-1996
Box   1  
Closed Chapters 1977-1993
Box   1  
Dearborn 1976
Box   1  
Delta County 1985-1992
Box   1  
Detroit 1983-1995
Box   1  
Downriver 1995
Box   1  
Farmington 1975-1983
Box   1  
Grand Rapids 1990-1995
Box   1  
Inactive Chapters 1977-1994
Box   1  
Lansing 1976-1994
Box   1  
Members At Large 1992-1994
Box   1  
Ottowa County 1976-1995
Box   1  
Port Huron 1986-1993
Box   1  
Redford-Livonia 1986
Box   1  
Royal Oak 1983
Box   1  
Schoolcraft County 1992-1996
Box   1  
Southwest Michigan 1993-1995
Box   1  
St. Clair Shores 1985
Box   1  
Washtenaw County 1981-1997
Box   1  
West Oak 1991-1995
 
Meetings
 
Annual Meeting
Box   1  
1992-1994
Box   1  
1995-1998
 
Assembly of Delegates
Box   1  
1975-1979
Box   1  
1980-1983
Box   1  
1984
Box   1  
1985-1986
Box   1  
1987-1988
Box   1  
1990
 
Board of Directors
Box   2  
1965-1967
Box   2  
1975-1979
Box   2  
1980-1984
Box   2  
1985
Box   2  
1986
Box   2  
1987-1989
Box   2  
1990-1991
Box   2  
1992-1993
Box   2  
1994-1997
Box   2  
1998
 
Executive Board
Box   2  
1976-1979
Box   2  
1980-1984
Box   2  
1985-1987
Box   2  
1991-1995
Box   2  
Financial Reports 1968-1978
Box   2  
Miscellaneous 1991-1998
 
Activities [series]

The Activities series, 1965 to 2003, (approximately 1 linear foot) documents the educational, training, advocacy, and service activities performed by the LDAM, its chapters, and its individual member over a time span of more than forty years. The LDAM was very active in shaping the development of special education and learning disability policy in Michigan and the documents in this series reflect these activities.

The Activities series is organized into five sub-series: Advocacy, Awards and Scholarships, Educational, Conference Materials, and Literature. The Advocacy sub-series contains materials reflecting the lobbying and legislative activities carried out by the organization in Michigan and nationally. The Awards and Scholarships series contains materials reflecting the LDAM's commitment to developing and improving educational programs for people with learning disabilities as well as their families. These awards and scholarships recognize individuals and organizations who share the LDAM's commitment. The Educational sub-series contains news clippings, articles, and other materials which document only a portion of all of the educational activities performed by the organization. The "Bucket Brigade" program in particular is especially well represented here. The Conference Materials sub-series contains conference programs, evaluations, and a planning handbook for the annual conferences held by the LDAM. The conference materials are arranged chronologically from 1973 to 2003 inclusive. Finally, the Literature sub-series consists of publications, reports, guidebooks, member handbooks and the official newsletter ("Outlook") produced by the LDAM. The publications are arranged alphabetically and the newsletter is arranged chronologically from 1965 to 2000. There is also an index to the Newsletter covering the years 1975-1982.

 
Advocacy
Box   2  
Learning Disabilities Task Force 1976-1980 (2 folders)
Box   2  
Legislative Committee 1986-1990
Box   2  
Proclamations 1976-1979
Box   2  
Various 1977-1997
Box   2  
Young Adult Support Team 1978-1985
 
Awards And Scholarships
Box   2  
Award of Excellence 1990-1994
Box   2  
The Chaya Harray and Eliza Harray-Palacios Memorial Fund 1998
Box   2  
Award Certificates 1992-1995
 
Educational
Box   2  
Bucket Brigade 1975-1976
Box   2  
Camps 1977-1992
Box   2  
Clippings 1974-1978
Box   2  
Parent Advising 1977-1978
Box   2  
Miscellaneous 1977-2001
 
Conference Materials
Box   2  
1973-1977
Box   2  
1980-1983
Box   2  
1984-1989
Box   2  
1990-1994
Box   2  
1995-1998
Box   2  
2000-2003
Box   2  
Evaluations 2000
 
Conference Planning Handbook 2000
Box   3  
Part I: "Corporate Sponsorship"
Box   3  
Part II: "Presenters"
Box   3  
Part III: "Advertise"
Box   3  
Part IV: "Exhibit"
Box   3  
Part V: "Continuing Education Unit"
Box   3  
Part VI: "Scholarships"
Box   3  
Part VII: "Committees"
Box   3  
Part VIII: "Budget"
Box   3  
Part IX: "Correspondence"
Box   3  
Part X: "Promotion"
 
Literature
Box   3  
New Members Handbook 1995
 
Parent's Guidebook 1988
Box   3  
Part I: "Articles/Definitions"
Box   3  
Part II: "Parent Involvement"
Box   3  
Part III: "Youth/Adult"
Box   3  
Part IV: "Law/Advocacy"
Box   3  
Part V: "Resources"
 
Parent's Guidebook 1994
Box   3  
Part I: "General Information"
Box   3  
Part II: "Parents"
Box   3  
Part III: "Professional"
Box   3  
Part IV: "Adolescence/High School"
Box   3  
Part V: "Adult Issues"
Box   3  
Part VI: "Legal Rights"
Box   3  
Part VII: "Resources"
Box   3  
Parent's Handbooks
Box   3  
Miscellaneous
 
Newsletter
Box   3  
1965-1969
Box   3  
Vols. 1-7 1969-1976
Box   3  
Vols. 8-11 1976-1980
Box   3  
Vols. 12-17 1980-1986
Box   3  
Vols. 18-21 1986-1990
Box   3  
Vols. 22-24 1990-1993
Box   3  
Vols. 25-26 1993-1995
Box   3  
Vols. 27-28 1995-1997
Box   3  
Vols. 29-31 1997-1999
Box   3  
2000
Box   3  
Index 1975-1982
 
Affiliated Organizations and Activities [series]

The Affiliated Organizations and Activities series, 1992 to 2002, (approximately 1.25 linear feet) contains materials which document some of the LDAM's activities in affiliation with other organizations, materials produced by those organizations (specifically CAUSE - The Citizens Alliance to Uphold Special Education - and SEAC - The Special Education Advisory Committee), several grant projects, conferences, and publications in which the LDAM had a role.

The Affiliated Organizations and Activities series is organized into four sub-series: CAUSE, SEAC, Grants and Projects, and Publications. The CAUSE sub-series contains materials which document some of the activities, policies, and structure of this organization such as board of directors meetings, by-laws, organizational directories, financial statements, manuals, workshops and various projects in which CAUSE participated. The SEAC sub-series consists of mostly meeting materials produced by the committee in its advisory capacity to Michigan's Department of Education between 1993-2000. The Grants and Projects sub-series contains materials from three grants in which the LDAM played a role in developing and implementing: The Comprehensive Parent Service Systems grant (CPSS), the Northwest Michigan Community Partner Transition Initiative grant (NMCPTI), and the Parent Coalition grant. This sub-series also contains materials from the Growth for Families Conference held in 1999. Finally, the Publications sub-series contains various publications and reports concerning learning disabilities and special education.

 
CAUSE
Box   3  
Board of Directors Meetings 2000-2002
Box   3  
By-Laws 2001
Box   3  
Directories 2000-2001
Box   3  
Executive Director Issues 2002
Box   3  
Financial Statements 2001-2002
Box   3  
Job Descriptions
Box   3  
Legislation 2001-2002
Box   3  
Personnel Policies Procedures Manual 2001
Box   3  
Projects 1997-2001
Box   3  
Student and Family Support Grant 1994
Box   3  
Workshops 2002
Box   3  
Rulings Manual 1994 (4 folders)
Box   3  
Rulings Manual Update, issues 1-3 1995
 
SEAC
Box   4  
Meeting Materials 1993-1997 (12 folders)
Box   4  
Miscellaneous 1995-2000
 
Grants and Projects
 
CPSS 1998
Box   4  
Part I: "RFP"
Box   4  
Part II: "Resumes"
Box   4  
Part III: "Commitment"
Box   4  
Part IV: "Support"
Box   4  
Part V: "Budget"
Box   4  
Part VI: "Organization"
Box   4  
Part VII: "Training"
Box   4  
Part VIII: "Coordination"
Box   4  
Part IX: "Evaluation"
Box   4  
Part X: "Budget"
Box   4  
Part XI
 
NMCPTI 1994
Box   4  
Part I
Box   4  
Part II
Box   4  
Part III
Box   4  
Part IV
Box   4  
Part V: "Reporting Requirements"
Box   4  
Part VI: "Calendar"
Box   4  
Part VII: "Initiative Organization (Overview)"
Box   4  
Part VIII: "S & F Support Network"
Box   4  
Part IX: "University Regional Supports"
Box   4  
Part X: "Initiative Networking and Dissemination"
Box   4  
Part XI
Box   4  
Parent Coalition Grant 1999
Box   4  
Growth for Families Conference, parts I-IV 1999
 
Publications
Box   4  
"Michigan's Strategic Plan for Students With Visual Impairment" (Draft)
 
AUENSD
Box   4  
"Supported Independence"
Box   4  
"Functional Independence"
Box   4  
"Participation"
Box   4  
"Special Education Program Outcomes Guide: Learning Disabilities," 1992
Box   4  
"Special Education Program Outcomes Supplement: Outcome Assessment Strategy: Learning Disabilities," 1992
Box   4  
"Special Education Into the 21st Century," 1993 (2 folders)