Andrew S. Watson papers: 1952-1998
Summary Information
Title: Andrew S. Watson papers
Creator: Watson, Andrew S (1920-1998)
Dates: 1952-1998
Extent: 4.25 linear feet, 16.3 GB (online)
Abstract:
University of Michigan law school professor combining training in law and psychiatry.
Call number: 02115 Aa 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Michelle Sweetser, July 2002

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was received from Joyce L. Watson (Donor No. 9214) in June 2002.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open except for case files in restricted box 5. Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.

Access Restrictions for University of Michigan Records

University records are public records and once fully processed are generally open to research use. Records that contain personally identifiable information will be restricted in order to protect individual privacy. Certain administrative records are restricted in accordance with university policy as outlined below. The restriction of university records is subject to compliance with applicable laws, including the Michigan Freedom of Information Act.

Categories of Restricted Records

  • Patient/client records are restricted for one-hundred (100) years from the date of their creation. The terms of use for particular records older than 100 years may require the research to sign a Patient/Client Access Agreement.

Restricted files are indicated in the contents list of the collection’s finding aid with a restriction note indicating the restriction type and the date of expiration.

For further information on the restriction policy and placing Freedom of Information Act requests for restricted material, consult the reference archivist at the Bentley Historical Library (bentley.ref@umich.edu) or the University of Michigan Freedom of Information Office website (https://foia.vpcomm.umich.edu/).

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have not transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Alternate Format:

Digitization: The Library has undertaken the digitization of a number of sound recordings within this collection. The resulting audio files are available for playback only in the Bentley Library Reading Room. Links to item images and additional information are available within this finding aid. Original sound recordings are only available for staff use.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Andrew S. Watson Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Andrew S. Watson, M.D., was a pioneer in bringing together the fields of psychiatry and law, helping to establish an interdisciplinary approach in the discipline. Watson brought his training as a psychiatrist to bear in legal cases, using psychiatry to explain both criminal behavior and the legal negotiation process. He was also interested in the lawyer-client relationship and was a critic of traditional law school training, challenging the profession to think differently about educational methods.

Watson's published work includes Psychiatry for Lawyers, The Lawyer in the Interviewing and Counseling Process, chapters in books, and numerous articles in scholarly journals.

Watson was born on May 2, 1920, in Highland Park, Michigan, and received his undergraduate degree in zoology from the University of Michigan in 1942, subsequently serving as captain in the U.S. Army Medical Administrative Corps from 1942-1946. Upon leaving the Army, Watson went on to obtain his medical degree from Temple University in 1950 and completed postgraduate training at the University of Pennsylvania Graduate Hospital and Temple University. He continued his psychoanalytic studies and graduated from the Philadelphia Psychoanalytic Institute in 1960.

While completing his graduate training, Watson served as a special instructor at the Bryn Mawr School of Social Work from 1954-1959, while also serving as Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Law at the University of Pennsylvania. Watson came to the University of Michigan in 1959, and attained full professorship status in both law and psychiatry in 1966. Watson spent the remainder of his career at the university, retiring in 1990 with Emeritus status in both law and medicine.

In addition to his teaching appointment and private psychiatry practice, Watson served in a number of consulting capacities at the state and local levels. From 1959 to 1970, Watson served as consultant for the Michigan Department of Corrections, while also serving as consultant for the Veterans Administration Hospital in Ann Arbor from 1959 to 1960 and the Washtenaw County Juvenile Court and Department of Public Welfare from 1961 to 1966. Watson also served as a witness in a number of high profile criminal cases throughout the country, including Jack Ruby, Twiggs Lyndon and John Norman Collins.

In 1967, Watson was honored as the Robert S. Marx Lecturer by the University of Cincinnati's College of Law. He received the Isaac Ray Award from the American Psychiatry Association in 1978, and later received the Association's Seymour Pollack Distinguished Achievement Award in 1989.

Watson passed away on April 2, 1998, leaving behind his wife, Joyce, and four sons.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Andrew S. Watson Papers document the professional career of a scholar, practicing psychiatrist, and teacher. The papers include correspondence, lecture notes and other course materials, published and unpublished writings, and several instructional films in which Watson appeared. The collection is arranged into four series: Biographical, Professional, Audiovisual, and Case Files.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Law -- Study and teaching.
  • Motion pictures.
  • Videotapes.
  • Photographs.
  • Watson, Andrew S., 1920-1998.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • University of Michigan. Law School.
  • Watson, Andrew S., 1920-1998.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Biographical [series]

The Biographical series (0.1 linear ft., 1959-1978, 1990, 1995) includes Watson's curriculum vitae and bibliography, providing a complete picture of his work as a scholar. A limited amount of correspondence is contained in the collection, the majority of which are written to and received from politicians, about policy issues and appointments. Correspondents include Warren Burger, Michigan governors Romney and Milliken, and numerous state senators.

Box   1  
Bibliography ca. 1990
Box   1  
Correspondence 1959-1978, 1995
Box   1  
Curriculum Vitae 1990
Box   1  
Emeritus Status 1990
Box   1  
News Clippings
Box   1  
Obituary 1998
Box   1  
Photographs undated
 
Professional [series]

The Professional series (1.9 linear feet, 1950-1993) is contains four subseries: Course Materials, Lectures, Writings, and Miscellaneous. The Course Materials subseries is the most extensive portion of the collection, including Watson's lecture notes and course manuals, exam materials, and some student evaluations of Watson. The majority of Watson's published work is included in the collection, as well as some drafts with the comment of collaborators and some unpublished materials. These materials provide the researcher with background information on Watson's scholarly pursuits. Most notable among the unpublished work are Watson's notes from a 13-month sabbatical in England from 1966 to 1967, where he studied and observed the British legal system.

 
Course Materials
Box   1  
Forensic Psychiatry Seminars 1977
Box   1  
Inteflex 101 Seminar 1973
Box   1  
Law and Psychiatry (3 folders)
Box   1  
Lawyer as Negotiator, Fall 1993 (2 folders)

(includes notes from 1988 and 1991)

Box   1  
Legal Problems Associated with Child Psychotherapy 1979-1980
Box   1  
Negotiation Techniques in Divorce 1991
Box   1  
Negotiation Techniques in the Personal Injury Case 1982
 
Neural and Behavioral Sciences 500
Box   1  
Exam Materials 1972-1973
Box   1  
Lecture Notes 1972-1973 (2 folders)
 
Neural and Behavioral Sciences 600
Box   1  
Evaluations of Watson 1974
Box   1  
Lecture Notes 1973-1974
 
Lectures
Box   1  
"Home Run or Strike Out? -- The Happy Family," 1962 Mental Health Series, April 13, 1962 1962, April 13, 1962
Box   1  
"Honors Convocation Address," University of Michigan Law School May 10, 1985
Box   1  
Isaac Ray Award Lectures February 13-15, 1979 (2 folders)
Box   1  
Marx Lecture Introduction November 17, 1967
Box   1  
"The Child Learns to Love," Temple University Hospital ca. 1952
Box   1  
"The Psychiatrist as an Expert Witness," Psychopathic Hospital, Iowa City, IA November 7, 1964
Box   1  
"Discussion: 'Psychiatry and Individual Liberties,'" ca. 1965
Box   1  
Untitled undated
 
Writing
 
Published
 
Reprints
Box   1  
1950s
Box   1  
1960s
Box   2  
1970s
Box   2  
1980s
Box   2  
1990s
Box   2  
Correspondence, Comments, and Draft of "On Some Legal and Psychotherapeutic Implementation Tactics for 'Beyond the Best Interest of the Child,'" 1975
Box   2  
Correspondence and Draft, "Discussion Leader's Manual for 'No Such Thing as A Juvenile Delinquent,'" 1975-1976
Box   2  
Outside Reviews
 
Unpublished
Box   2  
Manual for a Teaching Method to Provide Experiential Learning on Legal Ethics and Professionalism ca. 1975
Box   2  
"Problems of 'Self-Image' in Coping with Child Abuse and Neglect," ca. 1980
 
Sabbatical Notes
Box   2  
Accounts of Training Programs 1966-1967
Box   2  
Accounts of Various Law School Events 1966-1967
Box   2  
Legal Process Observations 1966-1967
Box   2  
Misc. Lectures and Seminar Notes 1966
Box   2  
"Teaching and Learning about Some Psychological Factors in Mediation and Negotiation," ca. 1970
 
Miscellaneous
Box   2  
Advocacy Institute 1963
Box   2  
Association of American Law Schools, Law Teaching Clinic Project 1975
Box   2  
Child Abuse Project 1977
Box   2  
Proposal for A Study of the Institutionalization of Mentally Abnormal Persons 1965
 
Audiovisual [series]

The Audiovisual series (2.0 linear feet, ca. 1969-1977) contains films in a number of formats and present Watson in a variety of settings. Of particular note is a series of films, "On Teaching Legal Ethics and Professionalism in the Clinical Setting," which were produced by Watson and other professors at the University of Michigan Law School (Pepe, Schulte and Kerr), with sponsorship and financial support from the Council on Legal Education for Professional Responsibility (CLEPR). This series of films was likely produced as an educational tool for use in other schools of law and in the training of young lawyers, and feature Watson and his colleagues as facilitators of legal seminars. In the film titled "The Lawyers Psyche," Watson presents a talk at a professional conference, and in the Mother-Father-Homosexual Son film (also referred to as the "St. Louis Interview") Watson engages a family in a discussion about their son's behavior.

 
Motion Pictures
Box   3  
Dr. Ackerman Interview/Program ca. 1970 (4 reels) (35 mm)
 
Videotapes (1-inch. and 3/4-inch. reel-to-reels)
 
Advocacy Institute
Box   3  
Direct and Cross of Dr. Burton 1977 (3/4-inch reel)
Box   3  
Cross Examination of Dr. Watson May 14, 1977 (3/4-inch reel)
Box   3  
Council on Legal Education for Professional Responsibility (CLEPR), Inc. unidentified ca. 1976 (3/4-inch reel)
Box   3  
Family Law April 22, 1974 (3/4-inch reel)
Box   3  
Human Relations (Audience Reaction on the Dynamics of the Correction Officer and the Inmate) September 9, 1971 (3/4-inch reel)
Box   3  
Mother-Father-Homosexual Son (also called "St. Louis Interview) 1974 (2 reels) (1-inch reels)
 
Videotapes: U-matic
Box   4  
The Lawyers Psyche, Parts I and 2 ca. 1970 (2 tapes)
Box   4  
Mother-Father-Homosexual Son 1974

(also called "St. Louis Interview")

 
"On Teaching Legal Ethics and Professionalism in the Clinical Setting"
Box   4  
#1: Demonstration of a Clinical Conference. 1976
Box   4  
#2: Lawyer Role Conflicts and Their Resolution: Learning Through Group Process 1976
Box   4  
#3: Psychological Taxonomy of Lawyer Conflicts 1976
Box   4  
#4: A Clinical Case Conference 1976
Box   4  
#6: Clinical Conference on Counsel's Life v. Client's Needs 1976 (2 tapes)
 
Audio [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
Box   4  
John Collins Interview September 8, 1969 (1 audiocassettes)  [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
Box   4  
Law and Psychiatry Classes [1970?] [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.] (Audio Reel-to-Reel)
  Online  
[Tape 1, Part 1] ([02115-SR-1-1]) [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
(Tape 1; Law and Psychiatry class. Multiple male speakers discussing psychiatry, sexuality, genetics, dreams, psychology, and sociology.) [access item]
  Online  
[Tape 1, Part 2] ([02115-SR-1-2]) [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
(Content does not match the original description. Andrew Watson and son recording a audio card for wife and mother who is in the hospital.) (mp3 file) [access item]
Box   4  
Law and Psychiatry Classes [Undated] [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.] (Audio Reel-to-Reel)
  Online  
[Tape 2, Part 1] ([02115-SR-2-1]) [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
(Tape 2; Law and Psychiatry: October 31, November 1. Multiple male speakers discussing psychiatry, sexuality, genetics, dreams, psychology, and sociology.) [access item]
Box   4  
Law and Psychiatry Classes [Undated] [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.] (Audio Reel-to-Reel)
  Online  
[Tape 3, Part 1-1] ([02115-SR-3-1-1]) [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
(Tape 3; Law and Psychiatry class. Multiple male speakers discussing psychiatry, crime, divorce rates, mental health, genetics, dreams, psychology, and sociology.) [access item]
  Online  
[Tape 3, Part 1- 2] ([02115-SR-3-1-2]) [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
(Tape 3; Law and Psychiatry class. Multiple male speakers discussing psychiatry, crime, divorce rates, mental health, genetics, dreams, psychology, and sociology.) [access item]
  Online  
[Tape 3, Part 2] ([02115-SR-3-2]) [Digitized audio files are currently available only in the Bentley Historical Library reading room on designated Bentley Library computers.]
(Tape 3; Law and Psychiatry class. Multiple male speakers discussing psychiatry, crime, divorce rates, mental health, genetics, dreams, psychology, and sociology.) (mp3 file) [access item]
 
Case Files [RESTRICTED] [series]

Included in the Case Files series are a limited number of high-profile cases in which Watson served as expert witness. These files include correspondence, notes from interviews with the accused, news clippings, strategy for testimony, and background information. These files are restricted until clearance has been received from the donor.

Box   5  
John Norman Collins 1969-1977 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2077]
 
Twiggs Lyndon
Box   5  
Background Information 1970 (2 folders)  [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2070]
Box   5  
Correspondence 1971-1972 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2072]
Box   5  
Exhibit Information 1971 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2071]
Box   5  
Interview with Lyndon 1971 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2071]
Box   5  
Interviews regarding Lyndon 1971 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2071]
Box   5  
Joint Report on Lyndon August 25, 1971 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2071]
Box   5  
Testimony Outline 1971 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2071]
Box   5  
Jack Ruby 1964-1966 [Patient/client records restricted until July 01, 2066]