Triangle Foundation records: 1987-2007 (bulk 1990-1994)
Summary Information
Title: Triangle Foundation records
Creator: Triangle Foundation.
Inclusive dates: 1987-2007
Bulk dates: 1990-1994
Extent: 6.5 linear feet
Extent: 1 oversize folder
Abstract:
The Triangle Foundation is a gay and lesbian civil rights and advocacy organization, located in Detroit, Michigan and formed in 1990. Its programs include an anti-violence project, media activism, and legislative education on gay civil rights. The record group includes minutes; correspondence; press releases and publications of the Triangle Foundation; news clippings documenting issues relevant to the gay/lesbian community and of Triangle activities; and videotapes of local cable television newsmagazine Lambda Digest.
Call number: 0092 Bj 2 Bj Outsize
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Emily Betwee and Janna Williamson, April 2000 Carrie Hintz, February 2007 Beth Noyes April 2010

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The records were transferred to the Bentley Historical Library by the Triangle Foundation on January 5, 2000. Donor no. 8920. Subsequent additions have been received.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have not transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Triangle Foundation Records, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


History

Triangle Foundation is a Detroit-based civil rights organization whose mission is "to promote equality and to secure freedom from violence, intimidation and discrimination for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender persons throughout Michigan."

The Triangle Foundation began as part of the Michigan Organization for Human Rights or MOHR. The mission of this organization was to promote the education, awareness and understanding of the lives of gay men and lesbians. In 1983 the MOHR Foundation was created to receive tax deductible contributions The Lesbian Gay Foundation of Michigan was formed in 1990 when MOHR and the MOHR Foundation separated. Finally, in 1991, the Lesbian Gay Foundation of Michigan changed its name to Triangle Foundation. The pink triangle was the badge which homosexuals were required to wear in Nazi Germany and in the Nazi concentration camps. It is now an internationally recognized symbol of gay and lesbian oppression and resistance.

The new Triangle Foundation chose Jeffrey Montgomery as its President; he was later hired as executive director of the organization. Other important figures in the establishment and growth of the organization were Henry Messer and John Monahan.

The Triangle Foundation has a number of ongoing advocacy and legislative lobbying projects: Anti-Violence Project, Human Rights Project, Education, Speakers Bureau, Professional Trainings, Direct mail, Literature & publications, Legislative education/policy, Private Sector policy, Media activism, and Out-state/rural organizing.

The Triangle Foundation is a also founding member of the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP), which publishes a national survey of hate violence against GLBT people. The Foundation's major contribution to this effort is in compiling statistics from incident reports in the state of Michigan and contributing to the annual "Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Violence" report. This report provides data about the type and extent of violence that is occurring against GLBT crime victims in the United States. The Foundation also works with the GLBT community about the importance of reporting these hate crimes so that statistics can be compiled. Once an incident has been reported, the Foundation can assist the victim by acting as an advocate until the situation is resolved. In many cases, Triangle is the only source of such support.

The Human Rights Project is a referral service provided to put victims in touch with attorneys throughout Michigan who can provide needed legal advice and representation. Victims can also be referred to counselors and other support services.

The Foundation takes every opportunity to educate the public on GLBT issues. The Triangle Speakers Bureau gives presentations on topics such as civil rights, hate violence and hate crime legislation and other legal issues to many school groups, organizations and conferences. It offers training on lobbying techniques involvement in electoral politics and legislative reform, working effectively with the media, and dealing with homophobia in the workplace. Their publications and mailings also reflect these issues.

Media activism is another major function of the Triangle Foundation. Staff monitor and respond to media coverage of relevant issues and offer training to members of the media on accurate coverage of GLBT issues. Triangle provides instruction to their own leaders to effectively work with the media and alerts the media to important events and developments in the GLBT community.

A final major function of Triangle Foundation is the "Out-State" organizing. This organizing is focused on getting out into the community and establishing a positive presence at local events, beyond the urban centers in southeast Michigan. It also encourages people to be "out" (of the closet) into their own communities and active in local government and community activities.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This record group documents the administration and activities of this advocacy organization to bring public attention to issues impacting the lives of gay males and lesbians. The records include both paper and visual materials and have been divided into eight series: Audiovisual Materials, Administrative, Civil Rights, Hate Crimes, Legislative/Political, Miscellaneous, Other Organizations, Religion, and Publications and Clippings.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Gay rights -- Michigan.
  • Gays -- Michigan.
  • Lesbians -- Michigan.
  • Hate crimes -- Michigan.
  • Lesbians -- Civil rights.
  • Lesbians -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Michigan.
  • Religion and politics.
  • Violence -- Michigan -- Statistics.
  • Legislation -- Michigan.
  • Gay liberation movement -- Michigan -- Detroit.
  • Gay rights -- Michigan.
  • Gay activists.
  • Gays -- Michigan.
  • Lambda digest.
  • Lambda report.
  • Lambda journal.
  • Photographs.
  • Videocassettes.
  • Triangle Foundation.
  • Michigan Organization for Human Rights.
  • Triangle Foundation.
  • Montgomery, Jeffrey.
  • Messer, Henry.
  • Archer, Dennis.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Visual Materials [series]

The Visual Materials series consists of 3/4" U-matic videocassette tapes. Most of the tapes are locally produced for cable television. The Lambda Digest is a thirty-minute newsmagazine which covered items in the local and national news of interest to the gay and lesbian community. Other items in the series are interviews with members of local and national gay and lesbian organizations; as well as one tape of a public service announcement by the actress Amanda Bearse, which she made for National Coming Out Day (1994). This series covers the period 1989 to 1994, although a few tapes are undated. The tapes are in good condition. There is no indication that these tapes were produced or funded by the Triangle Foundation.

Box   1  
Lambda Digest #1 April 1990
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #2 June 1990
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #5 September 1990
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #6 October 1990
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #7 undated
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #8 February 1991
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #9 April 1991
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #10 May 1991
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #11 June 1991
Box   1  
Lambda Digest #12 July 1991
Box   1  
Lambda Digest [no number] October 1991
Box   2  
Lambda Digest Pridefest '91 September 1991
Box   2  
Lambda Journal -- Alison Bechdel Interview (Lambda Digest) March 1991
Box   2  
Lambda Journal -- An Interview with George Melton
Box   2  
Lambda Journal -- Lesbian/Gay Pride Rally, Ann Arbor
Box   2  
Lambda Journal -- Special Report -- Kathleen Stoll November 1990
Box   2  
National Coming Out Day -- Amanda Bearse in the Park (1994)
Box   2  
The Lambda Report #5 Undated
Box   2  
The Lambda Report #6 November 1988
Box   2  
The Lambda Report #7 June 1989
Box   2  
The Lambda Report #8 August 1989
 
Administrative [series]

The Administrative series consists of the internal records of the Triangle Foundation. It contains board meeting minutes, correspondence, daily logs, financial statements, and applications for grants. The activities file contains public relations statements which list the accomplishments of Triangle; the community involvement files also give an idea of how Triangle attempted to get the word out about their organization. The files on the merger and name change contain correspondence, filings with the state, and resolutions which provide background on the history of the organization. The series also contains publications and information on videos produced by Triangle. The series covers the period 1988 to 1999.

Box   3  
Activities 1993-1995, 2003 undated
Box   3  
Annual Dinner Addresses 2003
Box   3  
Blank forms
Box   3  
Board meeting minutes 1991-1996
Box   3  
Committees 1993-1994
 
Community involvement
Box   3  
General 1992-1998
Box   3  
Michigan State Fair 1993
Box   3  
Names Project AIDS Memorial Quilt 1993
Box   3  
United Way 1995-1996
Box   3  
Youth Initiatives Project
Box   3  
Daily logs 1993-1995
Box   3  
Financial statements 1992-1994
Box   3  
Funding 1990-1999
Box   3  
General (including bylaws, business plan and organizational chart) 1993-1998
Box   3  
Media : communications with TV stations, etc. relating to coverage of gay/lesbian issues 1993-1999
Box   3  
Michigan Lesbian and Gay Anti-Violence Project merger 1989-1992
Box   3  
Miscellaneous 1993-1998
Box   3  
Name change from MOHR foundation to Lesbian Gay Foundation of Michigan 1988-1993
Box   3  
Newsletters 2000-2001
Box   3  
Policy Profile 2003
Box   3  
People and correspondence 1992-1997
Box   3  
Triangle publications 1997-2000

(includes "advocacy 2000 where are we without it?")

Box   3  
Video Task Force-"Triangle Messenger" 1994
 
Civil Rights [series]

The Civil Rights series documents the activities of Triangle in its efforts to ensure equal rights for gays and lesbians. Throughout this and subsequent series there are numerous news clippings. Their presence is evidence of the media watchdog function of the Triangle Foundation. The clippings provide accounts of news stories of interest to the LGBT community, as well as documenting how the media covered topics of concern to the organization. Of particular interest in this series is the Education and Civil Rights Task Force subseries, as well as the Michigan Advisory Committee subseries. The former was a division of Triangle, formed to combat ballot initiatives in Michigan which would harm the civil rights of gays and lesbians. The Michigan Advisory Committee advised the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on hate crimes, and Triangle testified before the committee in 1991. The subsequent report of the Committee was rejected by the U.S. Commission, and it was Triangles' belief that the rejection was due to the inclusion of a chapter on hate crimes against the gay/lesbian community. The series in general covers the period 1992-1998.

 
Education and Civil Rights Task Force
 
Background
Box   3  
Michigan anti-gay initiatives 1992-1994
Box   3  
Other states' anti-gay initiatives 1992-1994
Box   3  
General 1993
 
Subcommittees
Box   3  
Public Information 1992-1993
Box   3  
Strategic Planning 1993
Box   3  
The Liberty Fund 1993
Box   3  
Employment Discrimination (3 folders)
 
Michigan Advisory Committee
Box   3  
FBI Report on Hate Crimes
Box   3  
Report 1992
Box   3  
Report to U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (rejected)
Box   3  
Michigan Campaign for Human Dignity
Box   3  
Michigan Civil Rights Commission-Bias Crime Response Task Force
Box   3  
Miscellaneous
Box   3  
News clippings (civil rights, gay rights)
Box   3  
Wayne-Westland School Board (removal of "sexual orientation" from policies) 1997-1998
 
Hate Crimes [series]

The Hate Crimes series contains information on another aim of Triangle: to document incidents of hate crimes against GLBT persons. The files on the annual news conference (during which the annual statistics were released) and on the Community Watch Coalition (CWC) are particularly rich. The CWC is another offshoot of Triangle, which in turn had a project entitled "Copwatch," which concerns gay and police relations, and police training in understanding gay hate crimes. The case files reflect the legacy of Michigan as a sodomy and "gross indecency" state. The series covers the period 1991-1999.

Box   3  
Annual Hate Crimes News Conference/Release of Statistics 1992-1995
Box   3  
Bias Crime Response Task Force Reports, . 1996-1997
Box   4  
Case Files 1992-1997 (4 folders)
 
Community Watch Coalition
Box   4  
Administrative 1991-1994
 
Copwatch 1991-1996
Box   4  
Police brutality 1991-1999
Box   4  
Police training (other organizations) 1990-1991
Box   4  
Crime avoidance/compensation
Box   4  
Data collection guidelines 1991-1995
 
Incident Reports
Box   4  
1992
Box   4  
1993
Box   4  
1994
Box   4  
Miscellaneous 1993-1999
Box   4  
News clippings 1983-1999
Box   4  
Press releases/statements/flyers 1993-1999
Box   4  
Surveys 1991-1994
Box   4  
"Verified Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief" court document 2001
Box   4  
Vigil for GLTB victims of hate crimes (Matthew Shepard) 2002
Box   4  
White House Conference on Hate Crimes (10 November 1997)
 
Legislative/Political [series]

The Legislative/Political series contains materials related to another focus of Triangle: legislative education and monitoring legislation. It contains correspondence with legislators at the state and national level, including a petition to Michigan Governor John Engler to amend the Elliot-Larsen Civil Rights Act (1994). There is also information on the Ethnic Intimidation Act, the state's hate crime law, which does not mention sexual orientation. The topic of gays in the military is documented in a series of files. Much of this was sparked by the presidential campaign of then-Governor Bill Clinton. There is a file on Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer, with whom the Triangle Foundation had a good relationship (there are several 8x10 color photographs of Mayor Archer with Jeff Montgomery and John Monahan of Triangle). This series covers the period 1990-1998.

Box   4  
Correspondence 1991-1999
 
Gays in the military
Box   4  
Correspondence 1991-1993
Box   4  
Dean Mellbert Air Force rampage 1994
 
Discrimination
Box   4  
Cases 1992-1993
Box   4  
Joe Zuniga 1993
Box   4  
Lansing Community College 1994
Box   4  
Tim McVeigh 1998
Box   4  
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy/ Royal Oak Rally 1993
Box   4  
Editorials 1992
Box   4  
Other organizations' statements 1992-1993
Box   4  
Newclippings 1991-1993
Box   4  
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN)
Box   4  
Birmingham (MI) Board of Education Election 1994
Box   5  
Dennis Archer (Detroit mayor) 1994-1997
Box   5  
Legislation (local, state, national) circa 1990-1997
Box   5  
News clippings (gay marriage) 1992-1994
 
Political
Box   5  
News clippings (politicians) 1992-1997
Box   5  
Political candidates 1993-1994
Box   5  
Presidential Debate (MSU, 19 October 1992)/Political Funeral, Washington D.C. October 1992
Box   5  
Pride PAC (Triangle Foundation's legislative watchdog arm)
Box   5  
Vince Lombardi rest area case 1989
 
Other Organizations [series]

The Other Organizations series contains documentation of other organizations with which the Triangle Foundation either had a relationship, or on which they collected information. The organizations range from local to international, and include civil rights, censorship, women's rights, HIV-related and legal organizations. Correspondence and news clippings relating to these organizations make up the series.

Box   5  
Affirmations, Lesbian/Gay Community Center (Ferndale, MI) 1993-2001 (scattered)
Box   5  
ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) 1994-1997 (scattered)
Box   5  
ADL (Anti-Defamation League) 1992-1993
Box   5  
Campaign to End Homophobia 1990-1992
Box   5  
DAGLC (Detroit Area Gay/Lesbian Council) 1992-1993, undated
Box   5  
GLAAD (Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation) 1992, 1994 undated
Box   5  
Human Rights Campaign Fund 1990-1994 (scattered), undated
Box   5  
Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund 1993-1994
Box   5  
Lesbian and Gay Lawyers Association 1996
Box   5  
Men of Color Motivational Group 1994, 1996-1997
Box   5  
MOSAIC (Michigan Organization for Social Advocacy and Intercultural Cooperation) 1992, 1994
Box   5  
NAACP 1990s
 
NCAVP (National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs)
Box   5  
1996-1997
Box   5  
1996-2002
Box   5  
1998-2002
Box   5  
New York City Gay and Lesbian Anti-Violence Project 1991-1994 (scattered)
 
NGLTF (National Gay and Lesbian Task Force)
Box   5  
Bias crime legislation packet
Box   5  
Miscellaneous 1991-1994 (scattered)
 
NGLTF Policy Institute
Box   5  
Anti-Gay/Lesbian Violence Report 1992
Box   5  
Anti-Gay/Lesbian Violence Report 1993
Box   5  
Campaign to Count and Counter Hate Crimes 1993
Box   5  
Correspondence 1991-1992
 
Creating Change Annual Conferences
Box   5  
Audiocassettes of Conference 1994
Box   5  
Schedules and conference materials 1991-1994 (scattered)
Box   5  
Documenting bias crimes 1990, 1992
Box   5  
General 1992, 1994
Box   5  
Police/Gay community relations 1986-1990 (scattered)
Box   6  
PFLAG (Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays) 1994
 
Miscellaneous (includes publications)
Box   6  
Censorship/Media 1993-1994
Box   6  
HIV-related 1994-1995
Box   6  
Local/Michigan
Box   6  
National
 
Religion [series]

The Religion series contains materials on religious organizations that either worked with the Triangle Foundation, provided support for the gay/lesbian community, or that opposed homosexuality as a sin. The materials on the religious right range from material published by opposition groups such as People for the American Way, as well as materials produced by members of the religious right. The materials contain correspondence, news clippings, newsletters and other publications. There are two 8x10 black-and-white photographs in the file on the Bishop's Commission on AIDS. The series covers the period 1988-1999.

Box   6  
American Friends Service Committee 1991-1994
Box   6  
Bishop's Commission on AIDS 1992-1993
Box   6  
Christ Church (Detroit MI) 1992
Box   6  
Church/State separation 1988-1993
Box   6  
Correspondence 1993-1997
Box   6  
Local Gay Religious Groups 1993-1999
Box   6  
News clippings/articles 1992-1999
 
Religious Right
Box   6  
"The Freedom Writer" (Institute for first amendment studies) 1992-1994
Box   6  
Michigan Family Forum 1993-1994
Box   6  
Miscellaneous publications 1992-1994
Box   6  
News clippings 1990-1994
Box   6  
People for the American Way 1992-1994
Box   6  
"Right-Wing Watch" (People for the American Way) 1992-1994
Box   6  
Vatican (correspondence/news clippings) 1992-1994
 
Publications and Clippings [series]

The Publications and Clippings series is divided into two subseries. The Publications subseries contains magazines, newsletters, newspapers and reports focused on the LGBT community, and also includes materials from events such as the Reel Pride LGBT Film Fest and the Motor City Pride festival. Publications by Triangle can be found in the Administrative series. The Clippings subseries contains articles from publications such as Between the Lines and local news sources. These articles document events and policies related to the LGBT community and Triangle. Publications and clippings by topic are scattered throughout the collection.

 
Publications
Box   6  
1998 Hate Crime Laws (a publication of the Anti-Defamation League), 1997 1997-1998
Box   6  
"Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Transgender and Bisexual Violence in 2000" (National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs report) 2001
Box   6  
Between the Lines 1996-2006
Box   6  
Black and White Men Together (BWMT)-Detroit 1997
Box   6  
Cinevista News 1996
Box   6  
Cruise and Metra ("bar rags")
Box   6  
Downriver Pride 1999
Box   6  
Gerbil: A Queer Culture Zine undated
Box   6  
LGBT News by the Lansing Association for Human Rights 1997, 1999
Box   6  
Motor City Business Forum,1990s
Box   6  
Motor City Pride 2003-2005
Box   6  
Networking 45º North 1998
Box   6  
Out & Voting: The Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Vote in Congressional House Election 1998, 2000
Box   6  
Outpost
Box   6  
Reel Pride Michigan GLBT Film Festival 2003-2006
Box   6  
"Same-sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community Survey," 2006
Box   6  
Second Stone: The National Newspaper for Gay and Lesbian Christians 1991
Box   6  
The Network News by the Lesbian & Gay Community Network of Western Michigan, Inc. 1994, 1999
Box   6  
The Third Coast 1997-1998
Box   6  
Victory! America's Gay & Lesbian Business 1995
Box   6  
Wrap-Up 1998
 
Miscellaneous
Box   6  
Michigan
Box   6  
Out of state
 
Clippings
Box   6  
Anti-homophobia 1992-1994
Box   6  
Events 1999-2006 (8 folders)
Box   7  
Policy 1999-2000, 2002-2006 (7 folders)
Box   7  
Policy and events 2003
Box   7  
Victims 2003, 2005
Box   7  
Victims advocacy 1999-2002
Box   7  
Youth 2003
 
Miscellaneous
Box   7  
1992-1999
Box   7  
1996-2007 (scattered), undated
Box   7  
2006