Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 48 (2011) 315-316
Inge Uytterhoeven, Hawara in the Graeco-Roman Period: Life and
Death in a Fayum Village, with an Appendix on the Pottery from Ha wara by Sylvie Marchand. Leuven, Paris, and Walpole, MA: Peeters,
2009. xvii + 1110 pages. ISBN 978-90-429-2033-0.
Hawara as a volume is based on the author's 2003 Ph.D. thesis from the
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven under the supervision of Willy Clarysse. Much
of the material presented here derives from her field research, especially the
2000 Hawara Survey which was part of the Historical Topography of the Fayum
Project. The book is laid out in a straightforward manner. "Part 1: The Sources"
is composed of four sections; archaeological items, literary texts, inscriptions,
and papyri. The archaeological sources section includes past archaeological
work at the site, a nice discussion on Fayum mummy portraits, the work of the
Hawara 2000 survey, and a reconstruction of 90 grave contexts. The remaining
three short sections provide a very brief synopsis of the written material related
to or from Hawara itself.
"Part 2: The Living and the Dead" makes up the second part of the volume.
After an introduction, it provides discussions on topography, administration,
population, religious life, and economic activity within the village of Hawara.
The remainder of the section provides analysis of the mortuary activities, especially burial practices, markers, and goods found in the tombs, as well as
discussion of the tomb owners themselves, where known. The section finishes
with a short item on the correlation between mummy portraits and actual
After a short set of conclusions, there is a bibliography, five lengthy appendices, an index and 285 illustrations, all of which relate to the archaeological
setting and the Hawara 2000 survey. Appendix 2 (pp. 685-813), written by S.
Marchand (IFAO), is a complete analysis of the pottery finds at the site.
While the author provides a certain amount of material which may be of
interest to readers of this journal, most of the volume details an interpretation
of archaeological material. It confirms the well known notion that Hawara
served as a mortuary center not only for local residents, but also for people
from around the Fayum, and that the mortuary cults and their priesthoods may
have been closely tied to the cult of Pramarres ("the Pharaoh Marres"). This
makes sense given its location next to the Middle Kingdom pyramid which
served as probable cult center. A close examination of Section 2 and Appendix
4 would be of most interest to papyrologists as these can be used to interpret
the published documentation from the site. This reviewer notes that many of
the analyses/compilations were also made in S. Pasek, Hawara. Eine ugyptiche
Siedlung in hellenistischer Zeit (Berlin 2007), but I would presume that the au