ï~~Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 47 (2010) 117-130
A Rhythmical Arrangement of the
Fragmentum De bellis Macedonicis1
Alexander Kouznetsov Moscow State University
This paper deals with the clausular structure of the fragmentary Latin
historical text traditionally referred to as the Fragmentum De bellis
Macedonicis (POxy. 1.30). A study of its punctuation shows that four
clausula endings survive on the recto. This allows us to study the
anonymous historian's clausular arrangement. His clausular rhythms
appear to be very close to that of the so-called "historical system" typical of Sallust. This fact seriously undermines accepted wisdom that
the author was Pompeius Trogus, since his extant texts shows that he
avoided such clausulae. Fragments of Lucius Arruntius, by contrast,
show a striking resemblance to the Fragmentum De bellis Macedonicis
in clausular rhythm and recommend him as the possible author.
1. The Text
The scrap of parchment (Brit. Libr. pap. 745) known as the Fragmentum De
bellis Macedonicis (published as POxy. 1.30, C.Pap.Lat. 43; cf. CLA 22.207, MP3
3000, LDAB 4472) is considered the oldest extant codex in Latin. Although
Grenfell and Hunt, who proposed Pompeius Trogus as the author, refused to
date it to "a period earlier than the third century," Mallon demonstrated that
it must have been written "vers l'an 100 de notre 're."'2 After Mallon's, the most
important study of the fragment is that of Wingo, who examined its punctuaSThe gist of this paper was read on June 2007 at the 11th Memorial Tronsky Conference organized by the Institute of Linguistic Studies (Russian Academy of Science, St.
Petersburg); an abstract was published in Indoevropejskoe Jazykoznanije i Klassi'eskaja
Filologija 11 (2007) 198-201. I would like to thank Prof. Paul Schubert (Universite de
Geneve) and Mrs. Marina Veksina (Freie Universitait, Berlin) for reading earlier drafts.
I am also grateful to the anonymous BASP reader for helpful comments and constructive criticism.
2 J. Mallon, Emerita 17 (1949) 1-8. CLA 22.207 reported Mallon's article in the
supplementary bibliography, but did not change its date for the fragment (II AD).