Background and Physical Properties
- 37 x 21 cm
- recto: 18 lines; verso: 1 line
- Conservation Status
- Broken off at the top and the bottom. Rather dark papyrus broken into two fragments. Fragm. (a): H. 5.7 x W. 7.8 cm. Margins: at the top 2, at the LH side 2.5 cm; broken at the RH side and at the bottom. Fragm. (b): H. 17.2 x W. 37.5 cm.
- Palaeographic Description
- Medium-sized letetrs written in a cursive hand. Margins: at the LH side, 2.8, at the RH side 0.8, at the bottom 2.5 cm. On the verso of (b) there is one line written along the fibers.
- Ann Arbor
- 367 A.D.
- Oxyrhynchos, Oxyrhynchite nome, Egypt
- The papyrus was purchased from Nahman in 1925 and came to University in October 1926 as a gift of Oscar Weber and Richard H. Webber (of Detroit)
- Type of Text/Title of Work
- Conclusion of a freight contract (or the warranty for the skipper). The boatman Aurelius Silvanus son of Paues declares to an unknown number of councillors of Oxyrhynchus, probably in their capacity of επιμεληται σιτου Αλεξανδρειας, that he will transport 573 artabas of wheat to Alexandria. Aurelius Achilleus son of Eulogios is his surety and guarantees that Silvanus will fulfill all his duties. This looks like a usual bill of loading but for
- the fact that the 573 artabas of wheat loaded now by Silvanus should have been transported to Alexandria by a certain Horos as part of a cargo of 873 artabas of wheat. Apparently Horos delivered only 300 artabas to Alexandria, rather than the total amount (873 art.) entrusted to him. It may be assumed that Silvanus had been Horos’ surety for this transport of the original amount and is now being held responsible for the remainder of the total cargo, i.e. for those 573 artabas of wheat that never arrived in Alexandria. It does not become apparent what happened to the 573 artabas originally also entrusted to Horos. It might well be that these were not accepted by the officials in Alexandria, since they were not of good enough quality. Within this context it should be noted that Silvanus promises to bring back a receipt in the name of Horos (l. 12) rather than in his own name or that of the commissioners to whom he will hand over the receipt (cf. 800.17, 808.13, 809.12, 810.12, 815.11).
- “In the consulate of Lupicinus, comes equitum et peditum, and of Jovinus, viri clarissimi, Month, Day. To the Aurelii Asklepiades (?) son of N.N., --- and Sarapion son of Ploutarchos, and [---, all councillors of the city of the Oxyrhynchites, commissioners of wheat for Alexandria, from Aurelius Silvanus son of Paues from ---, boatman of a --- ship with as surety for the delivery of the cargo and the production of certificates of delivery Aurelius Achilleus son of Eulogios ---] of the --- city. Whereas Horos (son of N.N., boatman --- whose surety I was?), handed over from the loaded 873 artabas of your commission (of the harvest of the fortunate 11th new indiction) when he proceeded to the delivery in the most illustrious Alexandria only three hundred artabas according to the receipt (of the epitropoi) of the public (granaries in Alexandria) which he brought back, and (whereas) there remain five hundred seventy-three artabas, total 573 art., therefore we acknowledge swearing the august imperial oath of our lords Valentinianus and Valens, eternal Augusti, to have received and loaded into the aforementioned ship the five hundred seventy three artabas left over (to be delivered) by the same Horos ---- on condition that I shall transport these to the most illustrious Alexandria and deliver them in full in the public granaries there and receive certificates of delivery of these in the name of the same Horos which I shall bring back and shall hand over to you. And I, the surety Achilleus, (swear) that I serve of my own free will as surety for the same Silvanus that he delivers the said five hundred seventy-three artabas of wheat and that he brings the receipt in full without blame, otherwise I, the surety, shall of necessity undertake all that is being requested from him or may I be liable to the imperial oath. (M. 2) I, Aurelius Achilleus son of Eulogios, serve as surety for the aforementioned boatman Silvanus that he will bring back the receipt in full as has been written above. (M. 3) I, Aurelius Silvanus son of Paues, have received and loaded the five hundred seventythree artabas of new clean wheat and I shall deliver them as stated above.” (Verso) “To the name of Horos, son of Horos, through Silvanus son of Paues, 873 art.”
Information on Publications
Series and Volume Editor Year Pg/Nr Photo SB Preferred Citation Corrections PMich XX Sijpesteijn PJ - Worp KA 2011 804 Sijpesteijn PJ - Worp KA, PMich XX, 804, 2011
- Year Begin
- Year End
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- Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS UM)