Background and Physical Properties
- Recto; Verso is blank
- Belonging/related to a mostly unpublished archive concerning the transportation of tax-grain from Oxyrhynchus (see CE 69  p. 134, n. 6)
- 24.5 x 15 cm
- Conservation Status
- Broken off at the top and on the right
- Ann Arbor
- 365/366 A.D.
- Probably Oxyrhynchite nome, province of Egypt
- Probably Oxyrhynchite nome, province of Egypt
- purchased in Egypt by B.P. Grenfell and F.W. Kelsey in March-April 1920
- Aurelius Paesis, son of Horos, kybernetes; Aurelius Diogenes, son of Diogenes
- Type of Text/Title of Work
- Undertaking by a boatman to deliver barley to Alexandria
- Declaration under oath of a shipper and a surety, by which they guarantee that the shipper will fulfill his duties in transporting to Alexandria public grain delivered to him in the Oxyrhynchite nome
- Subject Headings
- Delivery of goods--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- Literacy--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- Oaths--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- Wheat--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- Alexandria (Egypt)--Commerce.
- Pilots and pilotage--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- Suretyship and guaranty--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- Inland water transportation--Freight--Egypt--Oxyrhynchite Nome.
- [- - -] son of Eusebios, [epimeletes sitou Alexandreias];
- Sarapion son of [Ploutarchos, epimeletes sitou Alexandreias] (see S.B. XIV, 12099, with unpublished material)
- Aurelius Paesis son of Horos, kybernetes;
- Aurelius Diogenes son of Diogenes;
- Aurelius [- - -]
- [- - -] . . . [- - -], son of Eusebios, and Sarapion, [son of Ploutarchos - - -] from Aurelius Paesis, son of Horos, from [- - - pilot of a boat - - -] ex-curator, with [Aurelius Diogenes], son of Diogenes, of the aforesaid [- - -] as surety for the delivery of the cargo [- - -. We acknowledge, swearing] the august and divine oath by our lords - - -], I, the pilot, that I have received from [- - - and have put on board the aforesaid boat], of the harvest of the fortunate new 9th indiction[ six hundred eighteen artabai of pure wheat, free of barley and] unadulterated, measured with the large public measure, [total 618 art. which I shall transport] to the most illustrious Alexandria and deliver [safe and undamaged to whomever I am ordered to deliver it, and] I shall produce certificates of delivery for these; [I, Aurelius Diogenes, - - -], that I serve as surety for the same pilot that he will deliver [the artabai of wheat to whomever he will be ordered by] you, the epimeletai, to deliver it, or I, the surety, [am necessarily responsible for everything that may be] made the subject of inquiry [against him] concerning this cargo so as to [incur blame] in [no respect, otherwise may I be liable to the divine oath]. (2nd hand) I, Aurelius Diogenes, son of Diogenes, [am surety for Aurelius Paesis, son of Horos, pilot], that he will deliver the cargo of wheat, and [I have sworn the divine oath, as stated above, and in answer to the formal question, I have given my consent]. (3rd hand) I, Aurelius Paesis, son of Horos, have received and put on board [the six hundred] eighteen [artabai of wheat], total 618 art., and I shall deliver, as stated above. I, Aurelius [- - -, have written on his behalf as he is illiterate].
Information on Publications
Series and Volume Editor Year Pg/Nr Photo SB Preferred Citation Corrections BASP 13 Sijpesteijn PJ 1976 71-74 Sijpesteijn PJ, BASP 13, 71-74, 1976 PMich XV Sijpesteijn PJ 1982 724 Pl. XX Sijpesteijn PJ, PMich XV, 724, 1982, Pl. XX -- BL VIII, 219 (l. 12); BL X, 127 (bibliography). - The date suggested for this papyrus in CE 69 (1994) p. 134, n. 6, should be corrected from "373?" to "365/366". (PH) BL VIII, 219 (l. 12); BL X, 127 (bibliography). - The date suggested for this papyrus in CE 69 (1994) p. 134, n. 6, should be corrected from "373?" to "365/366". (PH)
Information on Publications--Further Republications
- Further Republications
- PMich XX, 815.
Information on Publications--Bibliography
- J.D. Thomas, JEA 72 (1986) p. 223; P.J. Sijpesteijn, CE 69 (1994) p. 134, n. 6; Z.M. Packman, ZPE 89 (1991) 95; P.J. Sijpesteijn - K.A. Worp, PMich XX, 815
Information on Publications--Notes
- For commentary to this text, see the ed.princ., where in the introduction SB XIV 11548 should be added to the list of sureties (see CPR XXIV, p. 13 fn. 8; the text P.Laur. IV 162 mentioned there = 800 in this edition). For sureties in general, see K.A. Worp, “P.Leid.Inv. I 425: eine Gestellungsbürgschaftsurkunde aus Memphis”, in: S. Janeras (ed.), Miscellanea Papyrologica Ramon Roca-Puig en el seu vuitantè aniversari (Barcelona 1987) 337-40;. B. Palme, “Pflichten und Risiken des Bürgen in byzantinischen Gestellungsbürgschaften”, in: G. Thür - Fr. J. Fernández Nieto (edd.), Symposion 1999. Vorträge zur griechischen und hellenistischen Rechtsgeschichte (Pazo de Mariñán, La Coruña, 6.-9. September 1999), (Köln - Weimar - Wien 2003) 531-55 (= Akten der Gesellschaft für griechische und hellenistische Rechtsgeschichte, 14). For the date of the present document (ed.princ.: IV)) see now N. Gonis in ZPE 143 (2003) 165 n. 8: “a dating [of P.Mich. XV 724] to 365/6 is suggested in the APIS entry on the WWW [by P(aul) H(eilporn)]; comparison with PWash.Univ.II 82 (367) and now POxy. LXVII 4598, 4600, 4606 (all three of 361), etc., suggests that the date should be narrowed to 365”. As all other dating elements are lacking, any more precise dating depends, of course, on the reading of the numeral of the indiction in l. 8. The first editor read this as a theta (= 9) but later apparently changed it implicitly into an alpha (= 1). For this change of mind compare his remark in CdE 69  134 fn. 6, where P.Mich. XV 724 is dated ‘373?’. Within the chronological parameters of the archive, indiction 1 = either 372/3 or 357/8. The photo shows, however, that the reading of a theta = 9 is indeed correct and this reading is confirmed per epistulam by A. Verhoogt; the 9th indiction is 365/6p and its harvest in Oxyrhynchus fell in the summer of 365 (for the harvest in Oxyrhynchus in relation to the indiction, cf. CSBE2 32). All of this has, of course, consequences for the restoration of the imperial oath in l. 6 which should not mention the emperor Gratianus before the year 367; therefore, the entry for this text in CSBE2 p. 278 should be adapted and moved to p. 277. Several lacunose passages in the ed.princ. (especially ll. 1-6) can now be supplemented on the basis of parallel documents in this archive; hence, e.g., our restoration of the term (in itself unlikely) γεου’ χου in l. 5, for which see 813.7n.
- PH, NL
- Year Begin
- Year End
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