Background and Physical Properties
- Recto; Verso is blank
- 20 x 5.7 cm
- Conservation Status
- Complete except a few holes, but the writing is abraded at places
- Palaeographic Description
- Two hands, both in a medium-sized, practised cursive
- Ann Arbor
- June 17, 250 A.D.
- Theadelphia, Themistou meris, Arsinoite nome, province of Egypt
- probably either Theadelphia or Theoxenis, Themistou meris, Arsinoite nome, province of Egypt
- purchased in Egypt by B.P. Grenfell and F.W. Kelsey in March-April 1920
- Aurelius Sakis (son of Maximus)
- Type of Text/Title of Work
- Libellus of the Decian Persecution
- Certificate, signed by two official witnesses, proving that Aurelius Sakis has participated to a sacrifice to the traditional gods, as ordered by an edict of the emperor Decius. This was considered as a proof of loyalty to the government, and the Christians who refused to do this were persecuted
- Subject Headings
- Persecution--History--Early church, ca. 30-600.
- Persecution--Egypt--Kharabat Ihrit.
- Aurelius Sakis (son of Maximus), father of Aion and Heras (see also P.Flor. I, 9);
- (Aurelius) Aion son of Sakis;
- (Aurelius) Heras son of Sakis;
- Aurelius Serenus, ho epi ton thysion heremenos;
- Aurelius Heras, ho epi ton thysion heremenos (& komarches?) (see D. Rathbone, Economic Rationalism... p. 20, n. 25);
- Traianus Decius, Emperor
- Theoxenis; Theadelpheia (Theadelphia)
- To the officials in charge of the sacrifices, from Aurelius Sakis of the village of Theoxenis, with his children Aion and Heras, temporarily residents in the village Theadelphia. We have always been constant in sacrificing to the gods, and now too, in your presence, in accordance with the regulations, we have sacrificed and poured libations and tasted the offerings, and we ask you to certify this for us below. May you continue to prosper.
- (2nd hand) We, Aurelius Serenus and Aurelius Hermas, saw you sacrificing.
- (1st hand) The 1st year of the Emperor Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Pius Felix Augustus, Pauni 23.
- Perseus Link
- view the greek text of this document in a separate window
Information on Publications
Series and Volume Editor Year Pg/Nr Photo SB Preferred Citation Corrections HThR 16 Boak AER apud Knipfing JR 1923 345-390 SB III 6824 Boak AER apud Knipfing JR, HThR 16, 345-390, 1923 -- SB III 6824 Life and Letters in the Papyri Winter JG 1933 141, n. 1 Winter JG, Life and Letters in the Papyri, 141, n. 1, 1933
Information on Publications--Further Republications
- Further Republications
- Rep Editor - PMich III; Rep Ser - Boak AER - Winter JG; 1936; pg_No 157
- Rep Editor - David - van Groningen BA; Rep Ser - Papyrological Primer; 1965(4); pg_No 67
- Rep Editor - Pestman PW; Rep Ser - New Papyrological Primer; 1994(2); pg_No 62
Information on Publications--Bibliography
- H.C. Youtie, The Textual Criticism of Documentary Papyri. Prolegomena (London, 1974) pl. II (ph.); L. Casson, Ancient Trade and Society (Detroit, 1984) p. 178-180 (with fig.); D.W. Rathbone, Economic Rationalism and Rural Society in Third-century A.D. Egypt (Cambridge, 1991) p. 20, n. 25; Cl. Ando, Imperial Rome A.D. 193 to 284, Edinburgh University Press 2012, 134-141, image in p. 136.
- Scanner Initials
- Date Scanned
- Year Begin
- Year End
26433 images/descriptions are openly available.
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