Background and Physical Properties
- Recto; Verso is blank
- Archive of the strategos Tryphon concerning his dispute with Isidoros, son of Isidoros, of Psophthis
- 18 x 11 cm.
- Conservation Status
- Several lines are missing in lacuna at the top of the letter; the address, opening courtesies, and prefatory remarks about the case of Isidoros might be expected. The right margin is otherwise intact, because the letter was folded for dispatch from right to left for eight folds, thus protecting the text within from right margin up to a distance of about eight letters from the beginning or writing at left. This left-hand margin, plus the first eight letters of text, suffered severely from exposure; in the majority of lines these eight letters are at best partially preserved and at worst totally lost. In all likelihood, the address which would have appeared on verso at this point on the exposed outside fold was apparently also destroyed, since now the verso appears blank.
- Palaeographic Description
- The first hand of this text (m. 1) is written in an elegant and upright cursive, similar to that in inv. 1436 and 1440. At the same time, letters are bound together in ligature far more frequently in inv. 1674 and the attractive rounding of epsilon, theta, and omicron is here contracted, no doubt to enable the prefect's scribe to write with greater speed. The prefect (2nd hd.) adds his greeting in his own hand, as well as the date. Although he writes in a hand similar to that of his scribe, the differences in hands are best seen in the writing of cheir, in cheirographian of line 7 by m. 1, and directly below in Mecheir of line 10 by 2nd hd. As the darkness of the ink with which the prefect begins his greeting [e]rroso suggests, the prefect dipped his pen before beginning this final line of the document and then he completes the line with that same supply of ink, ever lighter as he approaches the right margin.
- Ann Arbor
- February 16, 6 A.D.
- Philadelphia, Herakleidou meris, Arsinoite nome, province of Egypt
- Philadelphia, Herakleidou meris, Arsinoite nome, province of Egypt (?)
- November 1924
- Publius Ostorius Scapula
- Type of Text/Title of Work
- this letter contains an original of a directive emanating from the office of the prefect. In this letter the prefect asks someone, whom he adressess as 'brother' (l. 8) and to whom he extends the bureaucratic courtesy of reciprocity (l. 9), to investigate Isidoros' claim of being from the Memphite nome (ll. 4-5). Scapula further delegates to the recipient of this letter the task of informing Tryphon that he is no longer to trouble Isidoros and is to return the cheirographia which Tryphon's agents took, should Isidoros' claims prove valid (l. 4-7).
- Subject Headings
- Evidence, Documentary--Egypt--Philadelphia (Extinct city)
- Sowing--Egypt--Philadelphia (Extinct city)
- Harassment--Egypt--Philadelphia (Extinct city)
- ". . . he (Isidoros) was compelled to present a cheirographia concerning sowing at the village of Philadelphia five and one-half arouras from the revenue-estate of Livia. I aks that you, when you ascertain if the matter is so in regard to his being from the Memphite (nome), write to Tryphon to preserve him unharassed and to give back to him his cheirographia which they took. Do everything, brother, so that he he will quite soon come to an understanding with me, and you too turn over to my office whatever matters you wish. (2nd hd.) Farewell. Year 39 of Caesar Mecheir 22.
- Perseus Link
- view the greek text of this document in a separate window
Information on Publications
Series and Volume Editor Year Pg/Nr Photo SB Preferred Citation Corrections BASP 21 Hanson AE 1984 84-6 Photo SB XVI 12835 Hanson AE, BASP 21, 84-6, 1984, Photo -- SB XVI 12835 -- BL IX, 293; BL X, 216 (bibliography; l. 10); BL XI, 221; BL IX, 293; BL X, 216 (bibliography; l. 10); BL XI, 221;
Information on Publications--Bibliography
- R. Haensch, ZPE 100 (1994) p. 527, n. 1; A.E. Hanson, BibO 52 (1995) p. 409, n. 6; A.E. Hanson, Akten des 21. Internationalen Papyrologenkongresses. Berlin, 13.-19.8.1995 (Stuttgart - Leipzig, 1997) p. 413-423
- Year Begin
- Year End
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- 5442 x 3945
- Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS UM)