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Results for Olympic%20Peninsula
Check for portfolio Record Description Date of Photo Holdings Geographic Location
Full Record: x-23234/23234

Washington; map of Olympic Peninsula with site indicated

1982

35mm slide: 17319

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23235/23235

Washington; aerial view of the site from the south

1982

35mm slide: 17320

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23236/23236

Excavation of east wall of House II.

1982

35mm slide: 17321

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23237/23237

Excavation of House II. Note the jumble of artifacts visible, including canoe paddles, a loom support, two seal clubs and planks.

1982

35mm slide: 17322

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23238/23238

Replicated canoe in Makah Cultural and Research Center. Although deer, elk and other land mammal bones may be found at Ozette, sea mammal bones are by far the most numerous. Sea mammals, including sea lion, fur seal, hair seal, porpoise and whale were a valued source of food. Note the gear in this hunting canoe, which includes inflated floats, paddles, baskets, and mats.

1982

35mm slide: 17323

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23239/23239

Fishing paddle. Although success in hunting sea mammals almost certainly provided prestige, fishing probably provided the largest and surest source of animal protein.

1982

35mm slide: 17324

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23240/23240

Net or line sinker with groove.

1982

35mm slide: 17325

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23241/23241

Halibut hooks. These were bent by steaming, and a bone point was attached to one end with wild cherry bark. Most fishhooks were made of western hemlock.

1982

35mm slide: 17326

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23242/23242

Hook for bottom fish, including cod and sea bass. These fish could be caught throughout the year whenever the sea was calm.

1982

35mm slide: 17327

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23243/23243

Whetstone used for sharpening hooks.

1982

35mm slide: 17328

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23244/23244

Herring rake, with pointed bone teeth. Herring were harvested in the summer.

1982

35mm slide: 17329

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23245/23245

Mussel shell knife edge. The sharp, beveled edge formed by grinding on a sandstone whetstone would be very effective for cutting fish and for butchering land and sea mammals.

1982

35mm slide: 17330

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23246/23246

Whaling harpoon head haying on the cedar bark sheath in which it was found. The harpoon point, made of mussel shell, was held by two bone valves and fastend with sinew to the whaling line. Smaller harpoon heads similar to this type but with bone points were used for hunting seals, and catching salmon. In the case of whale hunting, the harpoon was not meant to kill the animal, but rather to attach seal skin floats. The drag of the floats would exha

1982

35mm slide: 17331

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23247/23247

Bone harpoon valves minus the mussel shell blade.

1982

35mm slide: 17332

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23248/23248

Seal radius with a broken-off shell harpoon blade imbedded in it.

1982

35mm slide: 17333

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23249/23249

Hunting canoe paddle. Note the pointed end, which lessened the sound of water dripping from the paddle.

1982

35mm slide: 17334

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23250/23250

Rope made of twisted cedar limbs, used in whaling.

1982

35mm slide: 17335

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23251/23251

Seal club. Note that on one end is a representation of a seal's head, and on the other, a representation of a human head. Many utilitarian objects made by the people who lived at Ozette demonstrate a developed technology together with an extraordinary esthetic sense.

1982

35mm slide: 17336

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23252/23252

Owl club. Owls have ritual significance in this area, and it is likely that this club was a baton carried by a shaman.

1982

35mm slide: 17337

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23253/23253

Owl club, end.

1982

35mm slide: 17338

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23254/23254

Owl club, distal end. Note the echoing curve for the brow of the owl and the human-like head.

1982

35mm slide: 17339

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23255/23255

Although the Ozette people did not develop pottery, wooden boxes were used for every purpose pots could be used for, including cooking. They also were used for storage and carrying, and are often a vehicle for beautiful decoration. Ranging in size from 8 to 10 cms. Across to very large storage chests, the box sides were made from a single plank of cedar. A thin board was first grooved in three places and then steamed. When it was flexible, the boa

1982

35mm slide: 17340

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23256/23256

Front of decorated box, showing representation of whales.

1982

35mm slide: 17341

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23257/23257

Some boxes were used for cooking by filling with water and dropping in heated stones. The bottom of this box had been burned through by a heated stone, and then repaired by sewing on a wooden patch.

1982

35mm slide: 17342

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23258/23258

Boxes were apparently deemed valuable enough to be repaired when they were damaged. Here a split side of a box was bound together.

1982

35mm slide: 17343

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23259/23259

Wooden platter, of alder wood. In a technique somewhat similar to box-making, this platter was shaped and then steamed.

1982

35mm slide: 17344

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23260/23260

Carved anthropomorphic bowl. This kind of bowl probably was used for oil. Oil bowls are common on the Northwest coast, but most are not as elaborate as this. Carved in the form of a human being with a braid of human hair, this was almost certainly used for ceremonial purposes.

1982

35mm slide: 17345

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23261/23261

Wooden club with human face. Note the stylization of the eyes which continue around to the reverse side.

1982

35mm slide: 17346

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23262/23262

Wooden club, reverse side.

1982

35mm slide: 17347

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23263/23263

Carved wooden head, possibly a stylized bird.

1982

35mm slide: 17348

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23264/23264

Woodworking tool with a beaver incisor blade at the end. Once more the care and attention expended on utilitarian objects is shown in the carefully carved head of a man wearing a hat, on the handle of the tool.

1982

35mm slide: 17349

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23265/23265

Basket made form the inner bark of the red cedar. This could have been used for storage or for collecting berries or shellfish.

1982

35mm slide: 17350

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23266/23266

Coiled basket made of spruce root. This method of manufacture is uncharacteristic of Ozette baskets, and this specimen may have been made by a slave from a neighboring group, or a trade item or potlatch gift.

1982

35mm slide: 17351

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23267/23267

Hat made of basketry. In an area as rainy as the Olympic Peninsula, rain hats are a virtual necessity. The hat is resting on its crown to show the different weaves on the inside and outside.

1982

35mm slide: 17352

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23268/23268

Flat basket made from cedar bark. Note the two kinds of checkerboard pattern. Dozens of baskets were found in one Ozette house. One, apparently a weaver's kit, contained awls, a spindle whorl, combs, blades, and a lump of red pigment.

1982

35mm slide: 17353

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23269/23269

Large cedar bark mat. Mats were used as bedding and as canoe furnishings.

1982

35mm slide: 17354

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23270/23270

Replicated loom in the Makah Cultural and Research Center. Although weaving had not been known to occur among the Ozette, several looms were found in the excavations. Dog hair from specially bred dogs was used in the textiles, along with plant fibers.

1982

35mm slide: 17355

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23271/23271

Weavers' "swords" or wool beaters.

1982

35mm slide: 17356

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23272/23272

Weavers' "sword" or wool beater, detail.

1982

35mm slide: 17357

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23273/23273

Carved wood spindle whorl. A number of spindle whorls were found at Ozette, each with a different and distinctive design.

1982

35mm slide: 17358

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23274/23274

Wooden double comb. The decorative carving of a sea monster with a bear's head continues around to the reverse side.

1982

35mm slide: 17359

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23275/23275

Comb made of antler or bone. This may have been an article of personal ornament. Note the very fine carving of two standing wolves.

1982

35mm slide: 17360

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23276/23276

Wooden paddle used in a game similar to modern shuttlecock.

1982

35mm slide: 17361

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23277/23277

Replicated Ozette house constructed according to details from planks, foundation posts, and other building materials and tools found at Ozette. The house was later moved inside the Makah Cultural and Research Center, where it is now located.

1982

35mm slide: 17362

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23278/23278

House construction, detail of planks tied in position.

1982

35mm slide: 17363

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23279/23279

House construction, detail of how a plank was tied to an upright support post.

1982

35mm slide: 17364

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23280/23280

Replicated house, interior, showing large supporting column.

1982

35mm slide: 17365

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23281/23281

Replicated house, interior, showing how the roof beams were supported by notched upright timbers.

1982

35mm slide: 17366

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23282/23282

Replicated house, interior, showing the arrangement of benches used for sleeping.

1982

35mm slide: 17367

Olympic Peninsula

Full Record: x-23283/23283

Replicated house, interior, showing drying racks, under the roof for fish and other foods.

1982

35mm slide: 17368

Olympic Peninsula