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Check for portfolio Record Description Date of Photo Holdings
Full Record: x-18864/18864

This photo shows the Pinyon-Juniper upland setting where Northern Rio Grande micaceous clays are found

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18865/18865

This is a photograph of the Vadido Group formation, a quartz-mica schist, Precambrian geological formation (white inclusions are overlying Hondo Formation intrusions). Micaceous clays are found decomposing in situ where the Vadito group is exposed at the surface

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18866/18866

Modern mica mining usually takes place within the vicinity of historic clay pits. This is the Red Mine, which is located next to some of Felipe Ortega's pits

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18867/18867

This is what an historic clay pit looks like. Note the oval depression between two trees, where clay should be found (rich clay zones occur at the bases of trees where chemical and mechanical breakdown occurs). Also note the large rocks moved to the side of the pit during excavation

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18868/18868

This is a modern pit, located at the base of a tree

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18869/18869

Felipe Ortega excavates clay near the Red Mine. He is wearing no shoes given that he is male. Men should not wear shoes to step on mother earth while digging

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18870/18870

This raw clay has just been excavated

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18871/18871

This large mound of raw clay has been transported from the pit and is ready to be cleaned at the home of Felipe Ortega

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18872/18872

Clay is placed in a gravel mixer and placed in suspension by the addition of water. The mixer is allowed to churn for several minutes to disagregate clay and stone

Aug. 1, 2001

Full Record: x-18873/18873

The liquid is poured from the mixer through a window screen. Heavy rock debris remains in the mixer and is dumped. Light organic debris is caught in the screen. Good clay passes to the vat

Aug. 1, 2001

Full Record: x-18874/18874

Several clay vats are filled in one or more sessions. Water is allowed to evaporate, and the clay is mixed at least 10-12 times during drying to ensure even distribution of mica throughout

Aug. 1, 2001

Full Record: x-18875/18875

First step in making a pot is to select a puki and then line it with mica powder to keep the clay from sticking

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18876/18876

A flat clay tortilla is placed in the puki and air pockets removed by pressing

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18877/18877

The tortilla is smoothed with a metal scraper

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18878/18878

Walls are build through the addition of successive coils, applied all at once

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18879/18879

Walls are shaped and the vessel surfaces are compacted through scraping

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18880/18880

Further shaping to bring in the upper portion of the vessel

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18881/18881

Once the clay has set, several more coils are added to create a rim or in this case a lid

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18882/18882

The coils are smoothed. Felipe will create a lid by closing in this pot and then cutting out a lid once the clay has stiffened

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18883/18883

The lid hole is closed, creating an air bubble from within that will help the vessel retain a beautiful shape until it is dry

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18884/18884

The vessel can be shaped further once the hole is closed, much like a pliable balloon.

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18885/18885

Once dry, vessel walls are made even by scraping with a metal tool (mica clay is very hard when dry). A clay slurry is added to the surface and the tool is used to scrape wet and dry clay away, knocking down high spots, while adding clay to low spots

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18886/18886

The vessels are allowed to fully dry after scraping

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18887/18887

Once dry, the pots are sanded with sandstone obtained from the Santa Fe Formation (Pleistocene) that is present throughout the Chama Valley. Sandstone sanding is followed by a finer grit sandpaper sanding. Felipe Ortega in his backyard.

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18888/18888

Sanded vessels are slipped with a clay slurry rich in large mica flakes. This gives the pottery its characteristic glittering appearance

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18889/18889

Before firing, pots are preheated to remove any remaining water from the pores in order to insure a successful firing (no explosions)

Jun. 1, 2000

Full Record: x-18890/18890

The fire is started and pots are placed within it on a metal grate

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18891/18891

All vessels are covered with tree bark (Pine or Cedar) or thin slabs of wood

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18892/18892

These finished pots are hot out of the fire. The black one has been intentionally smudged. The golden one is called a Wedding Vase

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18893/18893

This is Felipe Ortega, recognized by the Smithsonian Institution as a master of Jicarilla Apache and Hispanic micaceous traditions. Taught by an Apache Woman in 1970, Felipe has been a full-time potter since 1978.

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18894/18894

One example of Felipe's work on show in the Café Pasquals Gallery and Restaurant, called El Zocolo.

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18895/18895

Another Pasquale photograph attesting to the superior performance ability of micaceous cooking vessels.

Oct. 1, 2003

Full Record: x-18896/18896

This photo shows Stela A, depicting ruler 18 Rabbit

Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1996

Full Record: x-18897/18897

This photo shows the hieroglyphic text on Stela B

Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1996

Full Record: x-18898/18898

This photo shows Stela H, another monument erected by ruler 18 Rabbit

Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1996

Full Record: x-18899/18899

This photo shows the Hieroglyphic Stairway, the longest hieroglyphic inscription in the ancient New World

Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1996

Full Record: x-18900/18900

Temple II. Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1997

Full Record: x-18901/18901

Northern side of Great Plaza (stelae in front of North Acropolis). Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1997

Full Record: x-18902/18902

Wild turkey with Temple II in background. Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1997

Full Record: x-18903/18903

View of Temple I and Great Plaza. Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Aug. 1, 1997

Full Record: x-18904/18904

Ancient raised fields for agriculture being excavated in Pultrouser Swamp, adjacent to site of K'axob

Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18905/18905

Ballcourt A in main plaza. Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Jul. 1, 1996

Full Record: x-18906/18906

View of the Palacio and Temple of the Inscriptions from the Temple of the Cross. Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18907/18907

View of the Palacio from the Temple of the Inscriptions. Classic Maya, AD 400 - 800

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18908/18908

Sun Pyramid, Avenue of the Dead, Moon Plaza

Classic, AD 150 - 600

Aug. 1, 1999

Full Record: x-18909/18909

Ciudadela, seen from the Sun Pyramid

Classic, AD 150 - 600

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18910/18910

Painted murals in Tepantitla apartment compound

Classic, AD 150 - 600

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18911/18911

Moon Pyramid and Avenue of the Dead, seen from Sun Pyramid

Classic, AD 150 - 600

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18912/18912

Interior courtyard of the Palacio del Quetzalpapalotl (or Butterfly Palace)

Classic, AD 150 - 600

Jul. 1, 1998

Full Record: x-18913/18913

Feathered Serpent Pyramid

Classic, AD 150 - 600

Aug. 1, 1999