Marksville lithics. The lithic technology of the Marksville period has not been studied properly. The most common lithic artifacts include lanceolate, stemmed dart points, and in early Marksville contexts, prismatic blades. Boat-shaped atlatl weights, chipped celts, and bifaces round out the Marksville tool kit. Imported greenstone celts were found at the Crooks and Trammel sites.
Prismative blade, Mansford Plantation, Madison Parish, Louisiana. One of the most diagnostic early Marksville lithic markers, the prismatic blade, is found at a variety of sites. The finest example is from surface provenience at the multicomponent Mansford Plantation site. The long, curved blade resembles Illinois Valley examples produced by the Fulton technique. It is likely that a Marksville blade-core industry was inspired by Hopewellian contac
Prismatic blades, Mandeville site, Clay County, Georgia. Other southeastern cultural systems also may have adopted, or at least been exposed to, the same blade-core industry. However, samples from Mandeville in the Chattahoochee drainage of southwestern Georgia and from Garden Creek and Icehouse Bottom in the Appalachian Summit area include specimens made of Flint Ridge chalcedony - thereby suggesting imports from the Ohio Valley. The vast majority
Vertically incised Marksville rims. Bands of rim decoration consisting of parallel incised lines are equally diagnostic of early Marksville as the more widely recognized crosshatched rims. Examples from the Marksville, Medora, and Smithfield sites are representative of this treatment. Vertically incised rims have been found on Hopewell style vessels in the Illinois Valley.
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel fragment. Some Lower Mississippi Valley early Marksville vessels may have been exported. A portion of a tubby pot found in the village excavations at Bynum in northeastern Mississippi is one example. The vessel is of normal early Marksville clay-tempered paste which is out of context in the sand-tempered ceramic assemblage at Bynum. The vessel embodies the diagnostic raptorial bird motif and a crosshatche
Marksville Incised, var. Sunflower vessel. A tubby pot with an alternately slanted rim band and a stylized version of the bird motif was recovered from the Grand Gulf Mound in the Natchez Bluffs district (Brookes 1976). The vessel is of thing, high quality paste equaled only by a few mortuary vessels at Marksville and Crooks, and at the Dickerson site. Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Clarksdale.
Churupa Puncatated, var. Hill Bayou vessel. Zoned punctates constitute another decorative treatment found in the prolific early Marksville ceramic assemblage. The decoration is used to highlight a strange "spider motif" on a small beaker from Grand Gulf. The potential of zoned punctations was utilized more fully in the late Marksville varieties Churupa and Thornton. Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Clarksdale.
Ceramic figurine, Dickerson site, Coahoma County, Mississippi. Human figurines are distributed widely throughout the eastern United States in contexts believed to date A.D. 100 to 300 (Griffin and others 1970: 82-87). In the Lower Mississippi Valley, they have been found at the Marksville, Crooks, Manny, and Dickerson sites (Toth 1977a). The best example is that of a male sitting back on his heels which was excavated in an early Marksville pit at D
Ceramic figurine, Mandeville site, Clay County, Georgia. The texture, size, and quality of the Dickerson figurine are similar to a fine female figurine from Mandeville Mound B. The Mandeville "lady" has a red-filmed skirt and arm bands, unlike the Dickerson specimen which shows no trace of painting. She is not sand-tempered like other Mandeville figurines and the local Swift Creek ceramics. Length 10.4 cm, width at shoulders 41 mm, thickness at bu
Ceramic figurine, Block-Sterns site, Leon County, Florida. Another figurine was found in the lower Chattahoochee drainage below Mandeville at the Block-Sterns site about six miles east of Tallahassee. The Block-Sterns figurine is made of local early Swift Creek paste and also is painted, the body white and the skirt black. Division of Archives, History and Records Management, Tallahassee.
Lake St. Agnes Mound, profile east wall, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana. Mound building and mortuary ceremonialism seem to have declined during the late Marksville period. Vesitgages of Marksville burial patterns have been uncovered, however, as at the base of the multicomponent mound at Lake St. Agnes. A midden-filled pit dug into a prepared platform contained several secondary burials, some covered by burned cane matting and poles, and late Marksvil
Late Marksville rocker stamped ceramics, Point lake site, Location C, Madison Parish, Louisiana. Late Marksville ceramics are characterized by a harder, thinner ware and a proliferation of new motifs utilizing basic Marksville decorative treatments such as zoned plain and dentate rocker stamping. Crosshatched rims, dird designs, and other Hopewellian inspired early Marksville markers disappear. Wide plain rim bands are associated closely with cerami
Late Marksville incised ceramics, Point Lake site, Location C, Madison Parish, Louisiana. Wide- and close-spaced incised lines and line-filled triangles also carry over into late Marksville, again on an improved paste. Phillips (1970) provides a detailed description of late Marksville ceramics from the Yazoo Badin. Comparable material is found throughout the Lower Mississippi Valley, thus making phase associations more difficult than in the case of
Remains of conical mound at Saline Point, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana. A low grey rise in a field of recent Red River alluvium is all that remains of a Marksville burial mound that was explored by Clarence B. Moore. Unfortunately, small conical mound in the Lower Mississippi Valley have been lost by the hundreds through agricultural and residential expansion, pot-hunting, meandering streams, and other destructive processes.
Lower Monks Mound, Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. Surface collections from fields surrounding the Lower Monks Mound indicate an exciting early Marksville, Smithfield phase, component which includes the most northerly penetration of check stamping into the Lower Mississippi Valley on a Hopewellian horizon. Monks and the few other remaining pristine conical mounds in the Lower Valley are of tremendous importance, for potentially they will provide an