Marksville Stamped, var. Old River vessel. Non-dentate zoned rocker stamping is less commonly distributed than zoned dentate rocker stamping, but generally found in early Marksville context throughout the Lower Mississippi Valley. The soft paste variety is Old River; the late Marksville improved paste variety is Troyville. An early Marksville Old River beaker from Crooks has the typical notched lip. Height 9.9 cm, diameter 10.7 cm, capacity 600 ml
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. A large tubby pot from the Crooks Mound illustrates the variation of early Marksville ceramic decorations. Zoned dentate rocker stamping is used to highlight a motif that could represent a stylized bird or a plant motif of some sort. The vessel is clearly early Marksville by association with the crosshatched rim. Height 17.0 cm, diameter 17.5 cm, capacity 3000 ml. LSU No. 5537, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Incised, var. Sunflower vessels. Two additional Crooks vessels exhibit variations in the use of wide-spaced incised lines. The vessel on the right may involve a broken down bird motif. Left vessel: height 5.6 cm, diameter 7.8 cm, capacity 150 ml. Right vessel: height 8.1 cm, diameter 10.9 cm, capacity 510 ml. LSU Nos. 5518 and 5526, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Incised, var. Marksville vessel. Another tubby pot from Crooks has a concentric circle motif, similar to the McGuffee beaker, beneath a Marksville crosshatched rim. Height 9.5 cm, diameter 12.0 cm, capacity 750 ml. LSU No. 5675 or 5979, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Incised, var. Marksville vessel. Wide U-shaped incised lines also are used as an all-over body decoration. On a tubby pot from Crooks, parallel incised lines on the body are combined with dentate rocker stamping along the rim. Typical Marksville hemiconical punctuations separate the two decorations. Height 6.6 cm, diameter 9.2 cm, capacity 230 ml. LSU No. 5530, Museum of Geoscience.
Indian Bay Stamped, var. Cypress Bayou vessel. Unzoned dentate rocker stamping is especially prevalent in the northern Yazoo and upper Tensas Basins. One of the finest examples, however, is from the Crooks site in La Salle Parish, Louisiana. The fine dentate rocker stamping is used as an all-over body decoration. Height 8.7 cm, diameter 8.8 cm, capacity 320 ml. LSU No. 5933 Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Incised, var. Sunflower vessel. Red filming crosscuts a number of early Marksville varieties, especially in the northern Yazoo Basin. Zoned red filming on a bowl from Crooks may be used to emphasize a highly stylized version of the bird motif. Height 5.8 cm, diameter 11.2, capacity 340 ml. LSU No. 2276, Museum of Geoscience.
Ceramic effigy platform pipe. Marksville copies of Hopewellian platform pipes in the local medium, fired clay, are usually plain. One effigy from the Crooks Mound portrays an unidentifiable mammal with a short tail and well-formed phalanges on both hands and feet. The Crooks pipe provides another important example of an attempt by a Marksville individual to duplicate a class of artifacts that reaches exquisite proportions in northern Hopewell. Len
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. A beaker from Crooks uses a variation of the vertically bisected circle motif in which halves of the concentric circles are shifted up and down respectively. The variation demonstrates reinterpretation of Hopewellian ideas by local Lower Mississippi Valley societies. Height 10.0 cm, diameter 14.2 cm, capacity 1000 ml. LSU No. 5560, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. Another diagnostic decoration shared by Marksville and Illinois Hopewell is the vertically bisected circle motif. A tubby pot from Crooks combines the vertically bisected circle with a crosshatched rim. The sloppy execution and the soft, thick ware of which the pot is fashioned, when compared to the very fine Hopewell vessels in the Illinois Valley, suggest that the direction of diffusion of ceramic ideas
Mabin Stamped, var. Mabin vessel. An unusually large jar from Crooks again utilizes zoned cord-wrapped stick impressions. The Mabin variety is present at Marksville sites throughout most of the Lower Mississippi Valley, but particularly associated with Point Lake phase in northeastern Louisiana. Height 26.1 cm, diameter estimated 25.0 cm, capacity estimated 8000 ml. LSU No. 2279, Museum of Geoscience.
Mabin Stamped, var. Mabin vessel. Zoned cord-wrapped stick impressions are also found in the Lower Mississippi Valley. A square beaker from Crooks utilizes cord-wrapped stick impressions to emphasize a strange motif which possibly involves a plant/germination theme. Height 8.4 cm, diameter 9.7 cm, capacity 44 ml. LSU No. 1944, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. On another pot from Crooks, the broad-billed bird motif is linked with the diagnostic early Marksville crosshatched rim. Height 5.3 cm, diameter 7.3 cm, capacity 120 ml. LSU No. 5717, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Incised, var. Sunflower vessel. Sometimes the bird design is not highlighted by zoned background roughening, and sometimes the bird is broad-billed rather than raptorial as on one tubby pot from Crooks. Height 10.1 cm, diameter 11.3 cm, capacity 640 ml. LSU No. 5533, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville Stamped, var. Crooks vessel. The raptorial bird and other Marksville motifs often are emphasized by zoned dentate rocker stamping. Zones scallop shell impressions offer one variation used to create the same effect, as on this ovoid bowl from the Crooks Mound. The Crooks variety is well associated with the Marksville phase and with phases to the south. Height 7.0 cm, length 16.7 cm, width 11.9 cm, capacity 780 ml. LSU No. 2280, Museum o
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. An alternately slanted Marksville rim and bird motif on a tubby pot from Crooks provide another example of ceramic parallels. The Marksville vessels were made of local clay-tempered paste and are not imports. Similar ceramics have been found in numerous village contexts. Toth (1977a, 1977b, 1979a) provides detailed discussion of the parallels between early Marksville ceramics and Hopewell style ceramics
Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. Crosshatched rims and raptorial bird motifs provide close parallels with the lower Illinois Valley. A slender pot from Crooks Mound combines these elements in a classic manner. Height 13.5 cm, diameter 11.1 cm, capacity 750 ml. LSU No. 1952, Museum of Geoscience.
Marksville crosshatched rim. A small plain vessel from the Crooks site (Ford Willey 1940) has a finely incised cross-hatched rim typical of those found at Marksville and most other early Marksville sites. The diagnostic rim treatment and the hemiconical punctate underneath, provide strong Hopewellian parallels. Vessel is Baytown Plain, var. Marksville. Height 5.6 cm, diameter 5.9 cm, capacity 90 ml. LSU No. 2278, Museum of Geoscience.