Hopewell Zoned Stamped sherd, Snyders site, Calhoun County, Illinois. Zoned cord-wrapped stick impressions, used in the Hopewell style, and the broad-billed bird motif both link the Illinois Valley with contemporary early Marksville phases in the Lower Mississippi Valley.
Hopewell Zoned Stamped vessel, Gibson Mound 5, Calhoun County, Illinois. The most obvious Marksville ceramic parallels are with the Bedford, Ogden, and Utica phases of the Illinois Valley which date between A.D. 1 and 150 (Griffin and others 1970: 6-7). The bird design and crosshatched rim on a Hopewell style vessel from Gibson Mound 5, used with zoned cord-wrapped stick background roughening, provide an unmistakable example of Marksville cultural c