To print this page, select "Print" from the File menu of your browser
128 THE AMERICAN JEWESS. receives his right of citizenship. For the laws of the Jews were civic laws. Jewish virtue was inseparable from civic virtue. All the laws that were binding upon the citizens were religious laws. Would that we Jewish women might ring the paean of religious liberty to all wherever they dwell-the right of citizenship to all who observe the laws! At our congress a minor tone resounded for the affliction of our coreligionists in Russia. The only answer to our prayers was a mournful echo of our own helplessness; and tonight our hearts go out to our fellowbeings in Armenia. Would we know the details of it all, let us read our own history, where torture, famine and cold track with dead bodies our pilgrimage through the centuries. Let us hope for a time when the pure robe of religion willno more be trailed in the dust to cover national sins, greed and ambition. A true Jewish womanhood, a Jewish life and home true to our spiritual inheritance, true to the flag under which we live, faith in God's providence-these are the ties that bind us-this the Jewish thought that shall belt the globe, bringing its message of higher life, of spiritual aims and purposes, practising justice, loving mercy and walking in modesty and humility before God in His light. For this have we come together." This closed the first session. The second session, November i6th, opened with the report of the Committee on Credentials; after which the Recording Secretary, Miss Berg, of Philadelphia, read her report. The Treasurer of the Association, Bertha A. Selz, gave a favorable statement of the finances; after which the Vice-President of the States outlined their efforts. The various Sections followed in order with a brief report of their work. At 2.30 p. m. the third session began with the reading of a very able and most important paper, by Mrs. Nellie L. Miller, of Memphis, Tenn. Mrs. Miller's subject was: "The Council-Its Ad vantages, Needs and Difficulties." The paper provoked quite a discussion, which was eloquently led by Mrs. Flora Swab, of Cleveland. Mrs. Laura Jacobson, of St. Louis, emphatically pronounced the need of self-improvement and a more religious spirit among Jewish women. At 8 p. m., Miss American, the Corresponding Secretary, read her report and address, which was followed by an excellent paper from Mrs. Rachel H. Sulzberger, of New York. Etta L. Nussbaum, of Marion, Ind., also read a very interesting essay. Tuesday was without doubt the most successful day of the convention. The morning was occupied with reports which had nothing of the dry nature usually the case of similar documents. Everyone present listened with pleasure to Julia Felsenthal, Chairman of Religion. The valuable suggestion made by Julia Richman, Chairman of Religious School Work, will prove a blessing to our Sabbath schools if adopted. Carrie S. Benjamin, Chairman on Philanthropy, was the last of a trio of women which earnestly worked for the advancement of Council work. We will publish her remarks in our next issue, as they treat Philanthropy, the pet subject of every Jewish community, large or small. In the afternoon, Mrs. Henrotin spoke on the "Social Aspect of Women's Clubs." Mary Lowe Dickinson, President of the National Council of Women of the United States,also addressed the meeting. Rose Sommerfield, of Baltimore, read a paper on "Organization of Charities," which was original and in many points highly instructive. She said: "If money cured poverty, it would have been cured long ago. The poor need more than money; they need friendship." Mrs. Sophie C. Axman, of Kansas City, read a very thoughtful paper on "Children, the Hope of the World; Their Need and Training." She paid a high compliment to Jewish motherhood, and she said that the Jew was the discoverer of the child. She spoke at some length