The University of Michigan, an encyclopedic survey ... Wilfred B. Shaw, editor.
University of Michigan.
Page  184

GIFTS TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

SINCE its original establishment in Detroit in 1817, the University of Michigan had received, by June 30, 1939, almost $45,000,000 from sources other than state funds or student fees. This great sum represents considerably more than one-half of the present assets of the University in lands, buildings, and endowments. Most of it is to be regarded

TABLE IGeneral Classification
General Alumni
Lands $ 981,389.57 $ 1,862,373.95
Buildings and improvements 4,578,850.70 11,012,213.18
Equipment, general 988,585.17 1,415,317.47
Libraries (estimate) 454,178.68 1,428,815.00
Museums (estimate) 314,607.70 133,490.52
Art collections (estimate) 317,276.38 126,189.33
Musical collection 75,428.20
Permanent funds:
Endowment and trust 8,669,008.09 2,823,326.04
Library endowment 32,958.41 362,568.18
W. W. Cook endowment (as of June 30, 1939) 2,079,286.08
Expendable funds:
Current funds, fellowships, etc. 2,519,746.03 361,208.45
Research funds 3,128,227.15 199,840.65
Library funds 153,105.91 29,981.03
Smaller and unreported gifts (estimate) 150,000.00 200,000.00
$22,363,361.99 $22,034,609.88
22,363,361.99
Grand Total $44,397,971.87
as coming in the form of gifts, increments to the University's resources which do not arise from taxes or appropriations by the state of Michigan. It represents benefactions from private donors, funds given for special purposes by public foundations and business firms, and support given to various University activities by the national government. It also includes the extensive equipment devoted to the University's athletic and physical-education program, as well as student publications. These properties, which have come into existence through student and alumni interest, have been turned over to the Regents by the University boards in control of physical education and student publications.

Of the total amount over $22,000,000 has come from alumni of the University, while almost $22,400,000 has been contributed by public-spirited citizens and corporate organizations and by such bodies as the Carnegie and Rockefeller foundations and the Rackham Fund.

A general classification of gifts to the University during the 122 years of its existence is shown in Table I.

These amounts, it should be understood, are to be considered only as approximations, since many sources which give valuations on different bases have necessarily been utilized, and in some cases, as in the case of the General Library, only estimates have been possible. The totals, however, may be taken as fairly accurate representations of the gifts to the University throughout its history.

The amounts given in Table I do not Page  185represent exactly the present property of the University which has come as gifts or other forms of support. Over $6,200,000, or a little less than one-seventh of the total, has been received and expended for salaries, fellowships, and research, and should therefore be deducted from the total. A classification of these increments into funds representing permanent additions to the University's resources or those expended in the course of the University's educational and scholarly activities is given in Table II.

TABLE IIClassification as Permanent or Expendable
General Alumni
Represented by present property or funds:
Lands $ 981,389.57 $ 1,862,373.95
Buildings 4,578,850.70 11,012,213.18
Equipment 2,303,182.04 3,133,793.35
Permanent funds 8,701,966.50 5,265,180.30
Smaller gifts, less than $100 (estimated) 150,000.00 200,000.00
$16,715,388.81 $21,473,560.78
16,715,388.81
Total $38,188,949.59
Not represented by present property:
Current funds, fellowships, etc $ 2,519,746.03 $ 361,208.45
Research funds 3,128,227.15 199,840.65
$ 5,647,973.18 $ 561,049.10
5,647,973.18
Total $ 6,209,022.28
Grand total $44,397,971.87

In the financial report for the year 1938-39 the University's assets were given as $75,741,702.33, including lands, buildings, and endowments. Therefore, even allowing for the funds which have been expended, something more than one-half of the University's total resources at the present time have come in the form of gifts, if this term is understood as representing all additions to the University's resources which do not arise from the state of Michigan. It is significant that almost all of the benefactions made by alumni are included among the permanent assets. Thus, it may be said that nearly 30 per cent of the University's present resources in various forms has arisen through the contributions from alumni.

In this record of benefactions from public and alumni sources the University of Michigan stands almost alone among state institutions. It is true that the first colleges established in America — Harvard, Yale, William and Mary, and Princeton — received aid in their first days from the colonial governments, but as they grew stronger they depended more and more upon private support. Thus, most of the colleges and universities on the Atlantic seaboard came to be regarded eventually as privately endowed institutions, as they are to this day.

With the advent of the state universities of a later era the fact that support was given them at first through government land grants and then later by the states, or in some cases by municipalities, tended to limit the development of private gifts. At the present time only a few of the state universities have received any great degree of support from Page  186private benefactors. Almost from the beginning, the University of Michigan, with its long record of gifts from private citizens and particularly from alumni, has been an exception. There are a few state universities which have received large gifts, notably California, but these have come mostly from private donors rather than from the alumni, and although exact figures, particularly on alumni gifts, are not easily available, it may be said that Michigan has received far more from her alumni than any other state institution.

There is a historical background for this generous support. In its very beginning in Detroit, the first institution of 1817 received two significant benefactions. The citizens of Detroit subscribed $5,000 to start the little "University of Michigania," and while it is not known whether all of these contributions were paid, sufficient funds were received to erect the first building. An even more significant and romantic gift was the 1,871 acres of land contributed by various Indian tribes toward the institution then in process of organization, in the Treaty of Fort Meigs in 1817. These lands were eventually sold for $5,888.40 — a large sum in those primitive days, when the purchasing power of a dollar was at least five times what it is today.

The forty acres of the original campus in Ann Arbor, contributed by the Ann Arbor Land Company as an inducement to bring the University to Ann Arbor, formed a third important, even if not an entirely disinterested, gift. It is now difficult to say just how much actual cash the gift represented at that time. Today it is carried on the books of the University at a purely nominal figure of $160,000, following a valuation made in 1913. On the basis of the values of property adjoining the University it might easily be valued at ten or twenty times that amount. This example indicates the difficulty of arriving at any exact representation of the actual value of many gifts to the University. But in most cases the valuations are far below what the institution could realize upon them today.

During the period from 1817 to 1854 the University received gifts which totaled, at a conservative estimate, more than $50,000, a sum that compares very favorably with the present ratio of gifts to the total property of the University. This public support in the University's early days represents the active interest of the people of Michigan in the institution — an interest which has always continued. In addition to the gifts already mentioned, it includes a contribution by Detroit citizens of $16,500 for the Observatory and $1,565 given by Ann Arbor citizens toward the University Library. Aside from a loan of $100,000 made to the University by the legislature in 1838 to support the branches and erect the first buildings on the campus, no actual support was received from the state until the proceeds of the first mill tax became available in 1869. Therefore, these gifts represented the University's only sources of income, aside from the slowly growing interest upon the fund arising from the sale of the lands contributed by the Federal Government and from student fees, which amounted to only $2,900 in 1855, fourteen years after the University opened its doors.

It must be remembered that throughout this early period the people of Michigan were for the most part desperately poor. Little hard cash was available for any purpose, not even for education; everyone was too busy wresting a livelihood from the forests. Nevertheless, the record shows that from the earliest days contributions were being made to the University's Library and scientific collections. The first mention of a benefaction after the University was established Page  187in Ann Arbor was a set of Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon, still in the General Library, presented by a Dr. Charles W. Borup, superintendent of the American Fur Company trading post at La Pointe, Lake Superior. The Regents also reported three years later a donation of an "ancient runic book," the identity of which has been lost, and in 1845 Dr. G. F. Turner, a surgeon in the United States Army, gave a collection of Mexican birds. In 1852 Alvah Bradish, later Professor of Fine Arts, gave for the "cabinet" of the University an alligator and some of the "fish of the Caribbean Sea." Mineral collections, including specimens of gold from California, shells from the "Sandwich Islands," and a collection of "pure and spurious drugs" came in succeeding years.

Upon the establishment of the Law School in 1859, Thomas M. Cooley, as a member of the first faculty, made a gift of a collection of law books which became the nucleus of the present Law Library. In the same year Professor Frieze, while he was abroad, used an unexpended balance of his salary to purchase books, engravings, photographs, and plaster and terra-cotta statues — the first gifts to the art collections. In 1859 also the first extensive gift to the Museum comprised "objects of natural history," collected during a period of duty on the Pacific by Lieutenant W. P. Trowbridge, who had been Professor of Mathematics at the University during the year 1856-57. Originally deposited with the Smithsonian Institution of Washington, this collection came to the University through the efforts of the distinguished director of the Museum, Joseph Henry, and formed the foundation of the University's scientific collections.

Few if any gifts came from alumni during this early period. The graduates were too few and too young. Those first recorded were reported by Professor Silas H. Douglass in 1862, when Eber Ward Owen ('60) gave a collection of iron ores, fluxes and manufactured iron, and A. C. Jewett ('62) a collection of minerals. From that time on, names of alumni figure more and more prominently in the lists of donors.

Every year saw some gifts reported, most of them small, but evidencing a real public interest in the University and its program. Among other early contributions was a marble replica of Randolph Rogers' "Nydia," valued at $1,700, given by the Rogers Art Association, an Ann Arbor organization, which raised part of the funds, at least, by charging twenty-five cents admission to view this impressive importation from Rome. In 1866 Richard Fletcher, a lawyer of Boston, supplemented Judge Cooley's gift with a law library of 800 volumes, while Dr. Abram Sager of the medical faculty gave a herbarium of 5,000 specimens. A further addition to the herbarium came in 1869, when a collection numbering 325,000 items was bequeathed to the University by G. L. Ames of Niles. The same year a public-spirited citizen of Detroit, Philo Parsons, donated the library of the learned Professor Rau of Heidelberg, over 4,000 volumes, the first large gift to the General Library. Continual additions to the Museum and the University Herbarium were received throughout the years from 1870 to 1880, including the collections made in South America and the Far East by Joseph B. Steere ('78), given by R. A. Beal, which form a valuable part of the present anthropological collections of the University.

The beginning of the University's endowments may be said to have taken place in 1880, when Walter Crane gave some property in Detroit to the University. It was not sold, however, until 1902, when the resulting $20,000 was Page  188used to establish a fund to be used for special purposes designated by the Regents. The first actual endowment was the Williams professorship fund, established by the Alumni Association to support the declining years of the first member of the faculty to hold classes in the University, Professor George Palmer Williams. It was administered by the Society of the Alumni up to 1897, when control passed to the Regents of the University. Through mismanagement the fund had been reduced to $14,958.35, but later accumulations have increased it to $38,500 providing an income sufficient to support an emeritus professorship (see Part II: Alumni Association). The first permanent fund in the control of the Regents arose from a contribution of $458.41 by German citizens in 1886 for the purchase of books on German literature.

The long list of loan and scholarship funds established by various classes in the University was inaugurated in 1894, when the Literary class of that year made a gift of $1,538.13 to establish a scholarship loan fund. The following year a public-spirited woman in the East, Clara Harrison Stranahan, gave the sum of $25,000 in memory of her father, Seth Harrison, to be used for the benefit of his descendants. The first professorship funds came in 1898 and 1899, when Elizabeth H. Bates left $13,700 to establish the Bates professorship in the Department of Medicine and Surgery, and Mrs. Catherine Neafie Kellogg left $10,000 to establish a chair in the University to be filled by "a woman of acknowledged ability." Although this fund now amounts to $70,000, the chair will not be established until the sum reaches the amount of $100,000. Two important endowments for the University Library came in 1894, when Corydon L. Ford, Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, gave $20,000, and Miss Jean L. Coyl, of Detroit, gave $10,000 to establish a library collection in memory of her brother.

The Observatory Building and its equipment, already noted, was the first building which came as a gift to the University in Ann Arbor. For many years it was the second largest observatory in this country and the third largest in the world. Other important gifts to the University's physical equipment during the era before 1910 included a series of contributions made by the city of Ann Arbor — $3,000 in 1867, to the Observatory, $1,565 in 1854 to the Library, and successive gifts amounting altogether to over $56,000 to the Hospital, the gift of $20,000 by Joshua W. Waterman for a gymnasium, supplemented by nearly $30,000 more from other contributors, and a similar series of gifts amounting in all to $20,000 for the women's gymnasium. As a contribution to the women's gymnasium fund, Regent Levi L. Barbour presented the University with property in Detroit "valued at $25,000.00," now valued at $82,170.41, the income from which is used for various purposes by the University. The Regents' eventual contribution of $20,593.94 from the general fund, for Barbour Gymnasium, was a recognition of this gift. An important addition to the University's musical resources came in 1894, when the University Musical Society contributed, as a memorial to the late Professor Frieze, the great organ used at the World's Fair in Chicago, valued at $25,000.

Despite this long series of gifts, and many others of smaller amounts, it was not until about the year 1910 that the era of spectacular contributions to the University was inaugurated. This was the period when the alumni completed their gift of $140,000 toward the building of Alumni Memorial Hall and Regent Arthur Hill left his bequest of $200,000 Page  189for Hill Auditorium. These gifts formed the first of the long list of magnificent benefactions from alumni and friends of the University, which has fulfilled the dreams of earlier days and has revolutionized the physical appearance of the University.

It had long been recognized that the income from the state, generous as it had always been after the first mill-tax was granted in 1867, together with the supplementary income from student fees, was not sufficient to support the University's whole program. For many years University officers had called attention to the necessity for additional funds to support aspects of the University's program which the state could not properly be expected to finance. Facilities for student social life provided by the Union and the League, such additions to University facilities, collections, and libraries as the Clements Library, the William W. Cook Quadrangle, the Rackham School of Graduate Studies, Alumni Memorial Hall, and the Burton Tower and Carillon have added immeasurably to the University's social and cultural advantages. Nevertheless, important as all these are in any assessment of the University's essential equipment, they do not fall within those immediate educational objectives the state may be expected to provide.

The tradition of giving, established in the University's first years, as we have seen, gradually grew and developed with the years. President Tappan, as far back as 1854, ascribed the accomplishments of the University "to the bounty of the general government and of individuals," while President Haven in his first report called attention to the fact that the University "must not be left to depend upon the first impulse given to it by the sale of the lands so wisely appropriated to its foundation, but must continue to grow with the … growth of the State," and a few years later he expressed the hope that, "as in the case of many other American colleges, liberal friends shall contribute largely for its improvement and support." The same suggestion was made by President Angell in 1874, when he said: "We cannot but hope that pride and generosity will freely supplement what has been done through the generosity of the state."

Professor Henry S. Frieze, when he was Acting President, stated in 1871: "If the University is to be kept up to its present rank, it must find somewhere … its Lawrences and Sheffields, its Thayers, McGraws and Cornells." He asked: "Can we fairly expect of the State alone that rapid accumulation of grants and endowments which will place us … on an equal financial footing with the wealthier universities and colleges?"

President Hutchins again and again emphasized this point. He said in 1909 in a speech before a group of alumni: "In my judgment, when the duty of education rests with the State it does not follow that the State should bear the entire expense. Much money should come to the University through private gifts."

The response to these pleas may seem for many years to have been relatively unimpressive, but the ideal they expressed was to bear fruit eventually, particularly as the alumni body of the University grew in size and wealth. It has been this long-continued acceptance, on the part of the public and the alumni, of a responsibility toward the University that has resulted in the happy situation in which the University of Michigan now finds itself, in the matter of gifts from alumni and other friends.

While it is impossible to chronicle all the thousands of gifts which have been made to the University, it is perhaps proper to list here some of the principal gifts, those amounting to $20,000 and Page  190over, which have come to the University of Michigan. Those marked with an asterisk represent gifts from alumni.

Lands. — In lands the University has received many important gifts in addition to the original campus in 1837.

1837 40 acres, campus, Ann Arbor Land Company (inventory) $ 160,000.00
1902 27 acres, Ferry Field, Dexter M. Ferry 45,500.00
1908 1,400 acres, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bogardus 22,500.00
1908 Land, including Palmer Field, Women's League and Athletic Association 124,563.66*
1917 Site for Museum, C. F. Cook 34,108.55*
1918 Real estate, H. H. Herbst 72,000.00*
1929 Site for Mosher-Jordan Halls, University of Michigan Club of Detroit 87,053.62*
1929 Washington Heights property, adjacent to Observatory, R. P. Lamont 25,292.68*
1929 3,000 acres, Duck Island Preserve, Hon. Chase S. Osborn 379,375.00*
1930 1,250 acres, Edwin George Reserve, Edwin S. George 150,000.00
1937 Sites for West Quadrangle Halls, Michigan Union 87,117.57*

Buildings. — Among the buildings which have been given to the University, including the value of the sites and equipment when included in the gift, are the following:

1854, 1867 Observatory, building and equipment, citizens of Detroit and Ann Arbor $ 22,500.00
1889 Fund for Hospital construction, citizens of Ann Arbor 25,000.00
1894 Fund for gymnasium, Joshua W. Waterman ($20,000) and others 48,800.03
1895 Fund for women's gymnasium, various contributors 21,207.33*
1902 Fund for Palmer Ward, Mrs. L. M. Palmer 20,000.00
1910 Alumni Memorial Hall, Alumni Association 140,000.00*
1910 Bequest for auditorium, Arthur Hill 200,000.00*
1913 Contagious Hospital, city of Ann Arbor 25,000.00
1913 Helen Newberry Residence, Newberry estate 87,306.24
1913-19 Martha Cook Building, William W. Cook 460,478.89*
1917 Betsy Barbour House, Levi L. Barbour 196,345.00*
1920 William L. Clements Library, building and contents, William L. Clements 1,428,809.24*
1920 Michigan Union Building, with additions and land, Michigan Union 2,324,979.06*
1920 Adelia Cheever Residence, Pamela A. Noble and others 29,101.54
1923 Couzens Hall, James Couzens 619,000.00
1924 Simpson Memorial Institute, Mrs. Thomas H. Simpson 238,474.81
1925-35 Various units of the Law Quadrangle, William W. Cook 6,075,450.48*
1927 Observatory Building, South Africa, Robert P. Lamont 57,817.19*
1928 Material and equipment, concession in costs, Architecture Building 50,894.00
1929 School of Music Building, School of Music 96,393.03
1929 Michigan League Building, Women's League 1,071,799.98*
1931 University of Michigan Press Building, Dexter M. Ferry, Jr. 48,000.00*
1904-30 Total, buildings and improvements, Board in Control of Athletics 3,403,074.78*
1931 Student Publications Building, Board in Control of Student Publications 133,725.06*
1934 Lake Angelus Solar Tower, Rackham Fund 20,000.00
1935 Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies, Rackham Fund 2,341,085.88
1935 Burton Memorial Tower, University of Michigan Club of Ann Arbor, contribution of 28,745.74*
1936 Allen and Rumsey houses, Michigan Union 168,116.51*
1936 Lane Hall and Newberry Hall, Student Christian Association. 226,400.00*
1937 Institute for Human Adjustment, Rackham Fund 66,143.99
1938 Union and Medical dormitories, United States Government, PWA 525,000.00
1938 Hospital addition, United States Government, PWA 50,000.00
1938 W. K. Kellogg Foundation Institute, United States Government, PWA 107,500.00
1938 New Health Service, United States Government, PWA 118,750.00
1938 Stockwell Hall, United States Government, PWA 250,000.00
1938 East Quadrangle, men's halls of residence, and heating-plant equipment, United States Government, PWA 350,000.00
1938 W. K. Kellogg Foundation Institute, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, Mich 236,500.00

Equipment. — The following large gifts in the form of facilities and equipment have been received by the University:

1884 Lewis Collection of paintings and sculpture, Henry C. Lewis $ 200,000.00
1894 Columbian organ (Chicago World's Fair), University Musical Society 25,000.00*
1900 Musical instruments collection, Frederick Stearns 72,000.00
1925 Study of University heating system, Detroit Edison Company 50,000.00
1927 Fund for repairs to organ, School of Music 45,000.00
Page  191
1927 Aeronautics equipment, Guggenheim Foundation $ 28,004.62
1931-39 Broadcasting time and equipment, WJR 206,096.00
1934 Carillon and clock, Charles Baird 70,000.00*
1934 Therapeutics pool, Rackham Fund 20,000.00
1938 Facilities and broadcasting time, various radio stations 65,853.00
1939-41 Contributions to various libraries, excepting Clements Library, estimated (alumni, $212,409.52*) 657,852.53

Endowment and trust funds. — Among the larger endowment and trust funds received by the University are the following:

1887 Williams professorship fund, Alumni Association $ 36,000.00*
1894 Fund for miscellaneous purposes, Levi L. Barbour 82,170.41*
1894 Library fund, Corydon L. Ford 20,000.00
1895 Seth Harrison scholarships, Clara H. Stranahan 33,769.77
1898 Professorship fund, Elizabeth H. Bates 137,000.00
1899 Professorship fund, Catherine N. Kellogg 48,785.57
1902 Walter Crane fund, from sale of property given by Walter Crane in 1880 20,719.28
1903 Palmer memorial free bed fund, Love Maria Palmer 21,500.00
1905 James B. Angell fund, Judge C. A. Kent 57,591.83
1910 Fellowship in botany, Emma J. Cole 21,000.00
1911 Funds for General Library and Law Library, Octavia W. Bates 34,066.42
1916 Fund for professorship, Richard Hudson 92,000.00*
1917 Scholarship fund for Oriental women, Levi L. Barbour 635,318.20*
1920 Oriental research and publication fund, Charles L. Freer 60,875.00
1920 Loan fund, George H. Benzenberg 33,043.68*
1921 Memorial scholarship, E. C. Hinsdale, Genevieve S. Hinsdale 27,493.83
1922 Scholarship fund, Cornelius Donovan 134,522.95*
1923 Traveling fellowship in architecture, George G. Booth 21,120.00
1923 Foundation (loan fund), Frances E. Riggs 62,680.21
1923 Dr. M. A. G. Crawford, educational loan fund, Minnie A. G. Dight 32,001.59*
1924 Alice Freeman Palmer fellowship in history, George Herbert Palmer 28,205.59
1924 Funds for Library, Silas Wright Dunning 305,544.38*
1924 Simpson Memorial Institute endowment, Mrs. Thomas H. Simpson 250,468.97
1925 Marion LeRoy Burton memorial endowment, friends (alumni, $38,100*) 106,700.00
1926 Eliot Street lease fund, Levi L. Barbour 50,000.00*
1927 Brosseau Foundation, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Brosseau $ 105,677.99
1929 Avery Hopwood and Jule Hopwood prize fund, bequest of James Avery Hopwood 321,762.29*
1929 Simon Mandlebaum scholarship, Mary S. Mandelle 60,000.00
1929 Mildred Sheehan scholarship in aeronautics, memorial to Frank Sheehan 20,000.00
1929 Cook Foundation, W. W. Cook 117,000.00*
1930 George Willis Pack Forestry Foundation, Charles Lathrop Pack 196,585.32
1930 Fund for dental research, Lafayette Lyman Barber 40,000.00*
1930 Music fund, William H. Murphy 51,118.06*
1930 Bequest, Alexander Ziwet 19,139.13
1931 Endowment fund, Alumni Association 63,965.22*
1931 Oliver Ditson endowment, Charles H. Ditson 100,000.00
1932 Canfield memorial fellowship in otolaryngology, Mrs. Leslie Harlow Canfield 35,000.00
1935 Endowment for School of Graduate Studies, Rackham Fund 4,000,000.00
1935 University Musical Society endowment, University Musical Society 125,000.00
1935 Louis Merwin Gelston fellowship, estate of Lucia C. Gelston 33,163.85
1936 Fund for Institute for Human Adjustment, Mrs. Mary A. Rackham 1,000,000.00
1936 Endowment for Library Science, Carnegie Corporation 150,000.00
1936 University Musical Society endowment, University Musical Society 25,000.00
1936 Bequest, Mrs. Thekla Bengel Porter 30,000.00*
1936 Arthritis research, Rackham Fund 1,000,000.00
1937 LaVerne Noyes scholarships, trustees of LaVerne Noyes estate 69,660.00
1937 Horace H. Rackham trust fund for undergraduate scholarships, Rackham Fund 100,000.00
1937 Sociological research unit in Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies, Rackham Fund 500,000.00
1937 Harriet Eveleen Hunt trust fund, Ormond E. Hunt 22,999.00*
1940 Faculty salaries endowment fund, University of Michigan Club of New York 124,608.00*

Funds for current use. — Certain funds have been deposited with the University and then expended in accordance with the desires of the donor.

1928 Development of fine arts, Carnegie Corporation $ 100,000.00
1935 Bequest, Bernard C. Hesse (completion of Burton Tower) 60,074.06*
1936 Graduate School income, Rackham Fund 118,908.75
1936 Income account of the Mary A. Rackham fund, Rackham Fund 116,049.47

Page  192Continuing current funds. — Other funds for current use have been continued regularly over a period of years. The totals for the largest of these are as follows:

1932-36 University Hospital, school for crippled children, anonymous $ 33,881.21
1916-31 Board in Control of Student Publications, building fund and investment fund 78,316.19*
1902-31 Classical fellowship, Theodore D. Buhl 21,300.00
1930-34 Fellowship and studies in library science, Carnegie Corporation 27,085.49
1931-37 Librarian training funds, Carnegie Corporation 35,800.00
1931-39 Faculty retiring allowances, Carnegie Foundation 567,906.37
1931-39 Marquette clinic, Children's Fund of Michigan 37,545.29
1933-36 Salary funds, committee for displaced German scholars and physicians, Rockefeller Foundation 35,600.00
1934-39 Bureau of Industrial Relations, Earhart Foundation 46,899.95*
1932-36 Work in community leadership, Earhart Foundation 20,210.00*
1927-29 Chair in aeronautics, Guggenheim Foundation 50,000.00
1921-26 Fellowship in creative arts, Hon. Chase S. Osborn, H. H. Rackham 20,000.00
1933-39 Scholarship fund, Irak Ministry of Education 24,201.04
1923-39 Various Hospital funds, King's Daughters 45,621.02
1934-39 Support of Institute of Health and Social Sciences, Detroit, McGregor fund 68,055.13
1934-41 Clements Library, for purchase of collection, McGregor fund 115,000.00
1901-39 Fellowship, Michigan Gas Association 29,860.00
1931-39 Additions to income of George Willis Pack Forestry Foundation, Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Trust 44,276.31
1935-39 United States Public Health Service, public health course 73,738.89
1933-35 FERA fund, United States Government 163,085.30
1935-37 Joint committee on public health education, various donors 20,626.85
1904-31 University of Michigan Studies, Humanistic Series, various donors 53,172.92

Current funds for research. — Certain funds have been especially designated for immediate use on particular research projects:

1929 Fund for Advanced Humanistics and Dictionary of Early Modern English, General Education Board $ 250,000.00
1930 Research in child education, General Education Board 95,000.00
1935 Research activities in Graduate School, Rackham Fund $ 100,000.00
1936 Lamont-Hussey Observatory in Bloemfontein, S. Afr 25,000.00*

Continuing research funds. — Some of the University's research programs are followed over a number of years:

1931-37 Support for Middle English Dictionary, American Council of Learned Societies $ 56,901.56
1930-33 Dental research, Children's Fund of Michigan 80,500.00
1929-31 Nutrition research fund, Fellowship Corporation of Battle Creek 21,654.90
1931-37 Elementary School fund, General Education Board 81,779.25
1930-39 Early Modern English Dictionary, General Education Board 184,608.58
1930-33 Grant for advanced humanities (humanistics), General Education Board 86,722.00
1926-30 Greenland expedition fund, various donors (alumni, $24,500*) 64,460.05
1931-35 Fisheries research, Institute for Fisheries 29,881.43
1932-35 Research in caffeine, Kellogg Company 30,067.01
1936-39 Dental postgraduate program, Kellogg Foundation 50,000.00
1937-39 Lake Angelus astronomical support, McGregor fund 38,550.00
1931-35 Fisheries research, Michigan Department of Conservation 39,881.43
1931-39 Drug addiction research, National Research Council 156,443.75
1927-31 Salary fund, South African astronomical observatory, R. P. Lamont 38,170.00*
1934-35 Archaeological research at Karanis, Rackham Fund 50,000.00
1923-39 Anthropological research fund (Philippines), Rackham Fund 33,688.50
1933-35 Research in dental caries, Rackham Fund 20,012.25
1931-33 Near East research, H. H. Rackham 74,155.10
1934-36 Research in atomic nuclei, Rackham Fund 25,695.45
1933-37 Teaching, research, and training in psychiatry, Rockefeller Foundation 61,650.00
1932-35 Archaeological research at Karanis, Rockefeller Foundation 35,000.00
1932-35 Research fund in the humanities, Rockefeller Foundation 63,186.67
1933-37 Research in spectroscopic methods, Rockefeller Foundation 24,951.03
1938-39 Support for Bureau of Government, C. S. Mott Foundation 25,000.00
1928-31 Funds for Mesopotamian expedition, Toledo and Cleveland museums 42,500.00
1927-30 Cancer Research Institute, anonymous donor 86,844.41
1920-31 Humanistic research fund, various donors 55,399.03
1924-31 Funds for research in Near East, various donors 397,800.00

Page  193
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Hinsdale, Burke A.History of the University of Michigan. Ed. by Isaac N. Demmon. Ann Arbor: Univ. Mich., 1906.
President's Report, Univ. Mich., 1853-1940.
Price, Richard R.The Financial Support of State Universities. (Harvard Stud. Ed., Vol. XI.) Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1924.
Price, Richard R."The Financial Support of the University of Michigan: Its Origin and Development."Harvard Bull. Ed., No. 8 (1923): 1-58.
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Shaw, Wilfred B.A Short History of the University of Michigan. Ann Arbor: George Wahr, 1934.
Shaw, Wilfred B.The University of Michigan. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Howe, 1920.
University of Michigan Regents' Proceedings …, 1837-1864. Ed. by Isaac N. Demmon. Ann Arbor: Univ. Mich., 1915.