- Tonnage Old Style
history and notes
- 1858, May Collided with bark REPUBLIC off Point Pelee, ONT., Lake Erie.
- 1860 Owned B.W. Bissell, Detroit, MI.
- 1860, May Fitted to become bark.
- 1860, Dec 1 Ashore near Barcelona, NY., Lake Erie.
- 1861 Strengthened.
- 1863, Oct 30 Foundered off Port Stanley, ONT., Lake Erie.
- Peter J. VanderLinden
- Newspaper Clippings
- H.G. Runge Collection, Milwaukee Public Library
- Erik Heyl, Early American Steamers
- Donald V. Baut
- David Swayze Shipwreck Database
- C.E. Feltner Enrollments Database
- C. Patrick Labadie
- Board of Lake Underwriters Marine Directory
- Unique ID