Economics and Usage of Digital Libraries: Byting the BulletSkip other details (including permanent urls, DOI, citation information)
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Summary: Effects of user costs
The results we presented in this section demonstrate that increases in user costs substantially diminish demand for paid content. In particular, the decisions made by thousands of users demonstrate that non-pecuniary costs, such as password use, have an impact on demand that is of the same order of magnitude as direct monetary costs.