Official proceedings of the annual meeting: index
National Conference on Social Welfare., National Conference of Social Work (U.S.), National Conference of Charities and Correction (U.S.), Conference of Charities and Correction (U.S.), Conference of Charities (U.S.), Conference of Boards of Public Charities (U.S.), American Social Science Association.

Page  [unnumbered] BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD TARGET Graduate Library University of Michigan Preservation Office ACH8650 010: la 08035377//r543 035/1:: a (RLIN)MIUG82-S8581 035/2:: a (CaOTULAS)160674766 040:: c MUL I d OCL d NIC d CStRLIN I d MiU 050/1:0: a HV88 Ib.A3 110:2: a National Conference on Social Welfare. 245:14: 1 a The social welfare forum. I b Official proceedings [of the] annual meeting. 247/1:00: 1 a Proceedings. I b Selected papers [of the] annual meeting I g (varies slightly) I f 1874-1948 260:: | a New York [etc.]. 300/1:: a v. b ill., ports. |c 22-24 cm. 362/1:0: a lst- 1874 -500/1:: | a Volume for 1874 (originally published in the Journal of social science, no. 6) was issued without title by the American Social Science Association; reprinted in 1885 under title Proceedings of the first Conference of Charities and Correction. 515/2:: | a Volumes for 1875-1881 are regarded as extra numbers of the Journal of social science, though only the issue for 1875 was so designated on the title-page. 550/3:: | a Issued under earlier names of the Conference as follows: 1874, Conference of Boards of Public Charities; 1875-1879, Conference of Charities; 1880-1881, Conference of Charities and Correction; 1882-1916, National Conference of Charities and Correction; 1917-1956, National Conference of Social Work; 1957-, National Conference on Social Welfare. 650/1: 0: a Public welfare I z United States I x Congresses. 650/2: 0: | a Charities I z United States | x Congresses. 710/1:22: a Amrican Social Science Association Scanned For: Preservation Division University of Michigan Libraries Date Scanning Began: Camera Operator:

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Page  1 CUMULATIVE INDEX OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CHARITIES AND CORRECTION VOLUMES 1 TO 33 INCLUSIVE IN FOUR PARTS PART I Alphabetical Finding List by Author's Names, and Titles of Papers, Addresses and Reports REVISED EDITION COMPILED BY ALEXANDER JOHNSON PUBLISHED BY THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CHARITIES AND CORRECTION 1907

Page  2 I I~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ r ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Page  3 CUMULATIVE INDEX OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CHARITIES AND CORRECTION VOLUMES 1 TO 33 INCLUSIVE PART I. Alphabetical Finding list by Author's Names, and Titles of Papers, Addresses and Reports. N. B. Black face figures indicate the year, light face figures the page. Thus 97- 272 means page 272 in the volume for the year 1897. Authors' names following titles of papers are in small capitals; titles of papers following authors' names are in italics. Addresses of welcome and other merely complimentary matters are omitted from the Cumulative Index. A Abolition of Poverty, The, CRAIG, S. S........................ 97. 272 Abt, Jacob J., The Settlement and Education.................. 96. 117 *Accidents and Dependence, The Relation between, MCMAHON, REV. D. J., D. D.......................................... 03. 340 Accountancy, Philanthropy and, CLEVELAND, FREDERICK A.... 06. 199 Adams, H. B., Report fromn Maaryland..................... 90. 327 Adams, J. Q., Arguments in Favor of Public Out Door Relief.. 91. 34 Adams Myron E.,.1Iunicipal Regulation of Street Trades...... 04. 294 Adler, Felix, The Itnfuence of Manual Training on Character.. 88. 272 Addams, Jane, Child Labor and Pauperism.................... 03. 114 Neighborhood Improzement................... 04. 468 Social Settlementts............................ 97. 338 African and Indian Races, Our Duty to the, Committee Report, GARRETT, PHILIP C., Chmin................... 87. 163 African Race, Education of the, SANBORN, F. B................ 87. 170 Aged, Charitable Provision for the, LOCH, C. S................ 85. 347 Aikens, Miss Charlotte A., The Educational Opportunity of the Visiting Nurse...................................... 06. 18'5 Akers, C. H., Report from Arizona............................ 01. 40 Alabama, Report from, see Reports from States. Alaska and the Reindeer, EATON, GENERAL JOHN............... 01. 423 Alaska, Report from, see Reports from States. Alcoholism as a Cause of Degeneracy, AMIGH, MRS. OPHELIA L. 01. 282 (3) 17- 5944

Page  4 4 CUMULATIVE INDEX Alden, Lyman P., Institutions for Children................... 96. 318 Shady Side of the Placing out System...... 85. 201 Alien and Non-Resident Dependants in Minnesota, GATES, W. A.................................................. 98. 276 Alien Paupers and Criminals, Committee Report, HOYT, DR. CHARLES S., Chm........................................ 87. 192 Alien Paupers, Insane and Criminals in New York, HOYT, DR. CHARLES S............................. 87. 197 Allen, Rev. Charles A., Report from Louisiana....... 86. 318. 87. 47 Allen Edward E, The Feeble-Minded Blinld................... 06. 259 Allen, Dr. Nathan, Prevention of Crime and Pauperism........ 78. 111 Supervision of Lunatic Hospitals........... 80. 152 State Medicine and its Relations to Insanity and Public Charity.................... 75. 29 The Prevention of Disease and Insanity..... 78. 19 Report from Massachusetts........ 75. 23. 78. 27 The Treatment of the Insane............. 76. 35 Allen, Dr. S. J., Insane, report on, from Vermont............. 81. 34 Allen, W. H., Report from New Jersey...... 01. 79. 02. 76. 03. 79 The Vagrant, Social Parasite or Social Product.. 03. 379 Allison, James, Buildings for Reformatories................... 02. 462 Industrial Training for Boys................ 06. 145 Juvenile Delinquents......................... 98. 411 Practical Thoughts on Reformatory Work..... 02. 250 Allison, Samuel, Report from New Jersey.................... 82. 241 Almquist, G. F., Reformatories for Youth in Sweden........... 84. 190 Almsgiving Societies, EMERY, L. S............................ 84. 73 Almshouse, The, CLARK, MIss MARY VIDA................... 00. 146 Almshouse Abuses and Reforms, CHANCELLOR, DR. C. W...... 90. 100 Almshouse Abuses and their Correction, ELLWOOD, CHARLES A.. 03. 386 Almshouse Hospitals, Discussion on.......................... 02. 526 Almshouse Hospital, LINCOLN, MRS. ALICE N.................. 02. 212 Almshouse, see also Infirmary, Poor Asylum and Poorhouse. Almshouses, The Michigan Poor in, WYMAN, DR. HAL C...... 89. 203 Almshouses in New England, The Management of, SANBORN, F. B................................................... 84. 300 Almshouses, The Removal of Children from, FOLKS, HOMER.... 94. 119 Almshouses, The Removal of Children from, in the State of New York, LETCHWORTH, W. P........................... 94. 132 Almy, Frederick, Public or Private Out door Relief........... 00. 134 Summary Evictions from Tenemencts........ 06. 376 Use of Volunteers by Public Aid Officials.... 04. 113 Ambulance Service in the U. S., BIJUR, NATHAN.............. 05. 210 Ambulance Service in the U. S., Statistics of, BIJUR, NATHAN.. 05. 220 Amigh, Mrs. Ophelia L., Alcoholism as a Cause of Degeneracy. 01. 282 Anagnos, M., Hindrances to the Welfare and Progress of State Institutions for the Blind................................ 82. 215 Ancker, Dr. Arthur B., The Municipal Hospital................ 88. 171

Page  5 CUMULATIVE INDEX 5 Ancker, Dr. Arthur B., Chin., Committee Report on Care of the Sick................................................. 06. 165 Anderson, Charles, Report from Kentucky.................... 83. 385 Anderson, Charles, Chm., Committee Report on Prisons........ 84. 272 Anderson, Martin B., Legislation Against Importation of Paupers................................................. 76. 170 Andrews, John W., The Extension of State Boards to all States and Territories....................................... 86. 26 Anthropological Study in Children's Institutions, CHAPIN, DR. H. D..................................... 98. 424 Appel, J. S., Report from Colorado........ 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 300 Appointing Power of Boards, The, PLATT, RUTHERFORD H..... 03. 366 Archibald, Dr. O. W., Report from Dakota.......... 88. 303. 89. 124 Report from North. Dakota............ 89. 157. 90. 348. 91. 259. 92. 252. 95. 391 Practical Hints on the Care and Treatment of the Insane................ 88. 95 Arenal, Madame Concepcion, The Abandonment of Children... 84. 165 Arizona, Report from, see Reports from States. Arkansas, Report from, see Reports from States. Armstrong, Gen. S. C., Report fro Virginia...................... 88. 368. 89. 173. 90. 355. 91. 259 The Future of the American Negro.... 87. 167 Associated Charities, Discussion on.......................... 80. 136 Associated Charities, MCCULLOCH, REV. OSCAR C.............. 80. 122 Associated Charities, The Message of the, RICHMOND, MARY E. 01. 327 Associated Charities, see also Charity Organization Society. Asylum Construction, GODDING, DR. W. W................... 85. 105 Atkinson, F. J., Report from Pennsylvania........... 00. 353. 01. 90 Atkinson, Rev. G. H., Report from Oregon.......... 83. 155. 84. 52 Atwater, W. O., Dietaries of Insane Hospitals and other Public Institutions......................................... 01. 173 Austin, W. R., Report from Connecticut..................... 81. 212 Auxiliary Visitors, CODMAN, MRS. HENRIETTA G.............. 04. 126 Auxiliary Visitors, PUTNAM, Miss ELIZABETH C............... 84. 123 Ayres, Philip W., Charity Organization...................... 92. 451 Experiments in Relief in Work............ 92. 436 Is Emergency Relief by Work Wise?....... 95. 96 Relief Associations......................... 99. 359 Ayres, Philip W., Chin., Committee Report on Organization of Charity................................................. 96. 235 B Babcock, Dr. J. W., The Colored Insane.................... 95. 164 Report from South Carolina............ 95. 381 Bachman, J. W., Report from Tennessee..................... 83. 158 Bagley, Governor John J., President's Address............... 75. 9

Page  6 6 CUMULATIVE INDEX Bailey, Ellen H., Country Homes for Dependent Children...... 90. 292 The Management of Tenement Houses....... 02. 351 Baker, C. H., Arguments in Favor of Out door Relief......... 91. 31 Baker, Dr. Henry B., What Shall We Do With the Consumptiztcs?................................................ 02. 231 Baker, T. B. L., Child Saving Work in England............... 84. 200 The Police in England....................... 85. 311 Balderston, B., Report from Prince Edward's Island........... 02. 116 Baldwin, W. H., The Boston Young Men's Christian Union... 81. 90 Balliet, Thomas M., Prehistoric Education of 'the Race, in its relation to present Educational Problems................ 06. 243 Baltimore House of Refuge, KIRKWOOD, R. T................. 90. 240 Bancroft, Dr. J. P., Insane, Report on, from New Hampshire.. 81. 23 Report from New Hampshire.... 88. 352. 89. 152 Bancroft, Dr. J. P., Chin., Committee Report on Insanity...... 80. 90 Bancroft, Margaret, Classification of the Mentally Deficient.... 01. 191 rane, M. M., Report fromn Utah............................. 84. 54 Banning, Ephraim, Report from Illinois..................... 99. 53 Barb)our, Levi L., Argument Against Public Out door Relief.. 91. 41 The Principles Underlying Charity Organization............................... 143 Vagrancy................................. 81. 131 The Value of State Boards................. 94. 9 Barnard, Charles, Provident Dispensaries..................... 77. 38 Barnes, Horace F., A Free Public Employment Bureau........ 85. 362 Barnett, L. A., Report from Indiana........ 88. 315. 89. 130. 91. 259 Barney, Mrs. J. K., Report from Rhode Island............... 91. 259 Barr, Dr. Martin W., The Imbecile and Epileptic versus The Tax Payer and the Community.......................... 02. 161 Barrows, Isabel C., Mlanual Training for the Feeble-Minded... 94. 179 M1emnorial Tribute to Oscar C. McCulloch. 92. 230 Barrows, Rev. J. H., D. D., The Spirit of Humanity, Conference Serm1on....................................... 99. 16 Barrows, Samuel J., European Prisons........................ 97. 52 Barrows, Samuel J., Chin., Committee Report on Treatment of Criminals.......................... 03. -439 Bartholomew, Mrs. Jarmes, Report from North Dakota......... 95. 376 Barton, Clara, Report of Committee on the Co-operation of WFomen in Charity Work................................. 91. 230 Barton, H. P., Report from Connecticut.................................................... 85. 33. 86. 307. 87. 26. 89. 123 Bartram, Charles E., Free Public Employment Offices........ 97. 207 Bates, Mrs. L. A., The Woman's Relief Corps................ 96. 290 Battin, F. H., Report from Kansas............................ 93. 323 Baxter, M. J., Report from Michigan............................................. 81. 234. 82. 72. 83. 71. 84. 35. 85. 61 Beane, Rev. S. C., Report from New Hampshire........... 85. 67

Page  7 CUMULATIVE INDEX 7 Beard, Dr. George M., Why We Need a National Association for the Protection of the Insane.......................... 80. 144 Beauty of Service, The, LINCOLN, MRS. ALICE N.............. 95. 520 Beckner, W. M., Report from Kentucky............. 88. 331. 89. 134 Bedell, Bishop, The Relation of the Christian Church to the Charitable Institutions of the State..................... 80. lxviii Bell, Dr. Samuel, Chn., Committee Report on Chronic Insane Poor................................................. 96. 126 Benson, Wm. E., Prevention of Crime Among Colored Children. 04. 257 Berkowitz, Rabbi Henry, Memorial Tribute to Oscar C. McCulloch......................... 92. 245 Bessonies, Very Rev. Aug., Report from Indiana..... 82. 174. 83. 130 Bethel Associated Charities, The, RAYMOND, HENRY M........ 94. 50 'Betterment of Man, The, Conference Sermon, PARKHURST, REV. C. H.............................................. 03. 13 Beveridge, Mrs. Helen L., Reformatory and Preventive Work in Illinois............................................ 81. 276 Bicknell, Ernest P., Feeble Mindedness as an Inheritance...... 96. 219 Interference of a Municipality in Behalf of its Wards...................... 98. 375 Observations on Official Out-door Relief.. 97. 269 Poor Asylum Discipline.................. 96. 269 Preparedness of Organized Charity....... 04. 188 Report from Indiana.... 95. 343. 96. 36. 97. 39 San Francisco Relief.................... 06. 481 Simplicity in Jail Construction............ 97. 38 Story of John and Mary Baker, The...... 01. 344 Summer Outings................ 04. 280 Bicknell, Ernest P., Chin., Committee Report on Needy Families in Their Homes.................................... 04. 188 Biddle, Cadwalader, Report from Pennsylvania............... 86. 336. 87. 66. 88. 361. 89. 166. 90. 349. 92. 352. 93. 401. 94. 253. 95. 379 The Restriction of Immnigration.......... 91. 197 Bijur,. Nathan, Ambulance Service in the United States........ 05. 210 Statistics of Ambulance Service in the United States.................................... 05. 220 Bijur, Nathan, Chin., Committee Report on the Care of the Sick..................................... 05. 186 Birtwell, Charles W., Chin., Committee Report on the Child Problem in Cities................. 91. 124 Committee Report on Destitute and Neglected Children................ 02. 243 Birtwell, Mary L., Chattel Mortgages......................... 99. 296 Bishop, R. M., President's Address.......................... 78. 1 Black, Mrs. N. P., Report from Georgia...................... 00. 205 Blackburn, Governor, Prison Systems......................... 83. 238

Page  8 8 CUMULATIVE INDEX Blackmar, Frank W., Report from Kansas.................... 00. 310. 01. 57. 02. 49. 03. 51. 05. 49. 06. 28 Social Degeneration in Towns and Rural Districts.......................... 00. 115 Blackmar, Frank Wilson, Chm., Committee Report on Politics in Charitable and Correctional Affairs........................ 00. 27 Committee Report on State Supervision and Administration......03. 358 Blackwell's Island Hospitals, DARCHE, LOUISE................ 95. 267 Blain, Randolph H., Report from Kentucky.................... 86. 316 The Winter in Louisville, Ky............. 94. 42 Blair, James L., Partisan Appointments to Institutions for the Care of the Insane...................................... 02. 328 Blast of Cheer, A, RIIs, JACOB A.............................. 01. 18 BLIND, Adult, Organization to Aid to Self-Support, Dow, J. J.. 88. 113 and Deaf Mutes in One Institution, Education of, LANE, P.......................................... 82. 209 Education of, Committee Report, WAIT, WM. B., Chm.. 82. 207 Education of the, HUNTOON, B. B..................... 86. 234 The Feeble-Minded, ALLEN, EDWARD E................ 06. 259 Hindrances to Progress of State Institutions for, ANAGNOS, M........................................... 82. 215 Institutions and Education, Discussion............... 82. 218 Institutions for, a Proper Part of Public Education, HUNTOON, B. B................................... 82. 212 Spontaneous Recreation and Industrial Training for the, CAMPBELL, CHARLES F............................ 04. 419 Blodgett, Mrs. I. N., Report from New Hampshire........................................ 96. 65. 97. 415. 98. 69. 01..78 Board of Charities, see State Boards of Charities. Board of Control of Iowa, The, KINNE, L. G.................. 00. 173 Boarding System for Neglected Children, PEMBERTON, Miss C. H................................................... 94. 137 Boards of Control, SNYDER, CLARENCE........................ 95. 37 Bodine, Dr. Joseph L., Management of the Insane Without Mechanical Restraints....................................... 76. 90 Booker, N. W., Report from South Carolina.. 88. 364. 95. 409. 94. 254 Borden, Mrs. Lawrence, Report from Nova Scotia............. 02. 112 Borden, Rev. Mary J., Report from New Mexico.................96. 70. 97. 419. 98. 68. 99. 81. 00. 539. 01. 79. 02. 79 Boyd, Rev. Hunter, Report from New Brunswick..................................02. 110. 03. 109. 04. 110. 05. 86. 06. 75 Boyd, Mrs. Mary K., Industrial Training for Girls............ 88. 235 Boy and Girl on Furlough, JOHNSTON, GRACE................. 98. 384 Boykin, Miss Alice, Report from Georgia.............. 96. 34. 97. 389 Boys, Can We Save the, SCOULLER, DR. J. D.................. 84. 102 Boys, Industrial training for, ALLISON, JAMES................. 06. 145

Page  9 CUMULATIVE INDEX 9 Brace, Charles Loring, The Best Methods of Founding Children's Charities in Towns and Villages......................... 80. 227 The Placing Out Plan for Homeless and Vagrant Children............ 76. 133 The Problems of Child-Saving in New York City....................... 95. 212 Summer Homes and Sanitaria Near Large Cities..................... 84. 150 Brackett, Jeffrey R., Charity Organization Movement, Its Tendency and Its Duty................... 95. 80 District Plan of Organization vs. Centralized Plan........................ 97. 188 Present Opportunities of Training in Charitable Work......................... 01. 289 Public Aid in a Great City............... 98. 191 Report from Maryland.......... 93. 331. 94. 242 Treatment of Needy Families in Their Homes............................. 03. 297 Treatment of Tramps in Small Cities..... 96. 227 Worker, The, Purpose and Preparation, President's Address................. 04. 1 Brackett, Jeffrey R., Chm., Committee Report on State Supervision and Administration............. 02. 122 Committee Report on Training of Social W orkers............................ 06. 445 Brain Care, RICHARDSON, DR. A. B........................... 88. 69 Brandenburg, Broughton, How Shall We Make Our Immigration Laws More Effective?............................... 06. 299 Brandt Lilian, Statistics of Dependent Families............. 06. 434 Brasted, Rev. B. H., Report from North Dakota...... 00. 349. 01. 87 Braucher, H. S., A Problem in Co-operation................... 06. 334 Breckenridge, J. C., A Letter from the War Department....... 96. 297 Breed, W. J., The Obligations of Personal Work an Aid to Right Structure of Character............................ 92. 459 Brennan, Agnes S., Theory and Practice (Nursing)........... 94. 94 Brent, Edith S., District Nursing............................. 94. 97 Brewer, Prof. William H., The Relation of Universities to Charity and to Reformatory Work........................ 95. 143 Bridge, Dr. Norman, Prevention of Disease by Improved Housing, Etc........................................... 05. 186 Briggs. F. H., Seven Years in a Juvenile Reformatory......... 97. 121 Brinkerhoff, Mrs. L. N., Report from California............... 81. 241 Brinkerhoff, General Roeliff, Boards of State Charities as Boards of Control................... 94. ' 15 Convict Contract Labor System, The.......................... 87. 106 Infirmary Building................ 79. 104

Page  10 10 CUMULATIVE INDEX -Brinkerhoff, General Roeliff, Memorial Tribute to Dr. Albert G. Byers.................... 91. 251 Post - Penitentiary Treatment of Criminals.................... 83. 216 Prison Reform................... 86. 90 Prisoner's Sunday, The........... 90. 309 Recent Ohio Legislation........... 91. 220 United States Prisons and Prisoners 86. 107 Brinkerhoff, Roeliff, Chm., Committee Report on Building Plans for Public Institutions................ 82. 262 on Prison Progress in Twenty Years...... 93. 148 on Public Buildings for Dependent Classes. 80. 291 on Work of State Boards of Charities.... 81. 37 Brockway, Z. R., Labor in Prisons and Reformatories.......... 86. 113 Mutual Relations of the Law and the Criminal. 04. 434 Prison Discipline in General................ 78. 106 Brockway, Z. R., Chin., Committee Report on Crimes and Penalties.................................................... 83. 163 Brooks, Rev. John C., The Best Method of Relief in Small Cities................................................... 95. 54 Brooks, John Graham, German Workingmen's Insurance...... 05. 452 Some Problems of the Family.......... 01. 293 Brown, Dr. Charlotte B., A Bureau of Information: The Need of a Post-Graduate School for Nurses......................... 90. 147 Report from California............. 91. 259 Brown, Mrs. George, Public Aid for the Feeble-Minded........ 89. 86 - Brown, J. W., Shall Superintendents Employ and Discharge Employes?....................................... 00. 211 Brown, R. H., Report from West irginia.................. 06. 73 Brush, Dr. Edward N., Duty of the State to the Insane........ 94. 201 Bryce, Dr. P., Moral and Criminal Responsibility.............. 88. 75 Report from Alabama 84. 20. 85. 27. 90. 315. 92. 252 Buck, W. Bradford, Report from New York................. 06. 49 Buckner, Rev. R. C., Report from Texas.......88. 367. 89. 170. 99. 99. 00. 361. 01. 93. 04. 98. 06. 69 Budget of a Charitable Activity, Making the, PATTERSON, W. R.. 06. 206 BUILDINGS, for Charity, Taste and Recreation Regarded in, GILLESPIE, RT. REV. G. D..................... 80. 297 Construction of, for Dependent Classes, WINES, F. H......................................... 76. 120 / Debate on............................. 9. 143. 80. 311 Detached Wards for the Insane, WINES, F. H...... 82. 268 DEWEY, DR. RICHARD.......... 82. 273 Hospital, WELLS, FRANCIS....................... 76. 114 for Insane, see Insane, Buildings for.

Page  11 CUMULATIVE INDEX 1 BUILDINGS, Plans for a Criminal Lunatic Asylum, CHANNING, DR. WALTER.......................... 82. 266 Plans for Public Institutions, Committee Report, BRINKERHOFF, R., Ch....................... 82. 262 Public, for the Dependent Classes, Committee Report, BRINKERHOFF, R., Chm.......-........ 80. 291 Public, for the Dependent Classes, WYLIE, DR. W. GILL....................................... 78. 131 Public Institutions, Past, Present and Future, HAMMOND, G. F............................ 92. 40D for Reformatories (Juvenile), ALLISON, JAMES.... 02. 462 see also Almshouses, Jails, etc. Bull, Rev. W. L., Tranmpery, Its Causes, Present Aspect and Some Suggested Remedies............................... 86. 188 Burchard, G. W., Indeterminate Sentence a Necessity......... 82. 189 Women as Hospital Physicians............. 81. 29 Burgess, Miss M. H., Day Nursery Work..................... 92. 424 Burnette, W. S. R., Report from Iowa....... 97. 397. 98. 48. 99. 58 Burr, Dr. C. B., State Supcrvision of Insane.................. 02. 174 Butler, Amos W., County and Muzicipal Corrections.......... 03. 392 Expericlnces in Indiana (State Board)...... 02. 144 Govcr nment and Municipal Pensions...... 06. 470 Report from Indiana.. 98. 45. 99. 55. 00. 305. 01. 54. 02. 44. 03. 46. 05. 45, 06. 25 Saving the Children........................... 01. 204 Work for the Children........................ 04. 247 Butler, Amos W., Chm., Committee Report on Children........ 04. 247 Committee Report on Statistics............ 06. 412 Bvtler, Edmond J., Chin., Committee Report on Causes of?overty................................................. 03. 272 Buzelle, George B., Individuality in the Work. of Charity...... 86. 185 Buzelle George B., Chin., Committee Report on Charity Organization.................................................. 92. 204 Byers, Dr. Albert G., Memorial Tributes to, BRINKERIOPF, GEN. R.; ELMORE, A. E.; HART, H. H.; LETCHWORTH, W. P.; SANBORN, F. B.; WINES, F. H........................ 91. 242-257 Byers, Dr. Albert G., Administration of Poor-houses and Jails.. 86. 31 Ohio System of Care for Dependent Children........................... 80. 177 President's'Address..................... 90. 9 Reformation of Prisoners............... 88. 201 Report from Ohio............. 78. 12. 79. 23 Byers, Dr.'Albert G., Chin., Committee Report on Employment in Reformatories.................... 85. 241 on Ideal Prison System for a State....... 89. 42 on Public Buildings for the Dependent and Delinquent.................... 79. 95 Byers, Joseph P., The County Homes of Ohio................. 01. 236

Page  12 12 CUMULATIVE INDEX Byers, Joseph P., Report from Ohio....................... 93. 392. 94. 252. 95. '376. 96. 82. 97. 427. 98. 81. 99. 89. 00. 349. 01. 87. 02. 89. 03. 9 Byers, Joseph P., Chm., Committee Report on County and Municipal Charities................... 99. 112 on Hospitals, Dispensaries and Nursing.... 02. 200 C Cable, George W., The Convict Lease System in the Southern States................................................... 83. 265 Cadwalader, Dr. C. C., Chm., Committee Report, Organization of Charities in Cities..................................... 81. 100 Caldwell, Peter, The Duty of the State to Dependent Children.. 98. 404 The Reform School Problen................. 86. 71 Report from Kentucky.... 81. 211. 83. 465. 85. 51 Caldwell, R. R., Report from Tennessee.... 92. 2,52. 94. 252. 95. 382 Caldwell, Dr. W., English and Scotch Settlements............. 96. 110 California, Report from, see Reports from States. Calkins, Mrs. Adelaide A., Boarding Out of Dependent Children in Massachusetts........................................ 86. 157 Campbell, Charles F., Spontaneous Recreation and Industrial Training for the Blind................................... 04. 419 Canada, Report from, see Reports from States. Canby, W. M., Report from Delaware................ 85. 37. 86. 309 Care of the Deaf, see Deaf. Care of the Insane, see Insane. Care of the Sick, see Sick. Carhart, Joseph, The Problem Educational.................... 92. 183 Carpenter, Mary, What Should Be Done for the Neglected and Criminal Children of the United States?................. 75. 66 Carrington, M. D., Report from Ohio................ 86. 331. 89. 158 Carson, Dr. James C., Chm., Committee Report on Prevention of Feeble-Mindedness from a Moral and Legal Standpoint. 98. 294 Castle, Henry A., The Nation and the Veteran................. 97. 14 Catholic Charities of St. Louis, FoY, PETER L.................. 84. 159 Catholic Child-Helping Agencies in the United States, RING, THOS. F............................................. 96. 326 Causes of Poverty, BUTLER, EDMOND J......................... 03. 272 Causes of Poverty, LINDSAY, SAMUEL MCUNE................ 99. 369 Centralizing Tendencies in Administration, Fox, HUGH F...... 00. 106 Chace, George I., The Proper Functions of Boards of State Charities and Corrections.................. 82. 19 Report from Rhode Island................. 77. xv Chace, Lydia Gardner, Public School Classes for Mentally Deficient Children......................................... 04. 390 Chancellor, Dr. C. W., Almshouse Abuses and Reforms........ 90. 100 Chaney, Rev. G. L., Report from Georgia............................................. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 310. 95. 340

Page  13 CUMULATIVE INDEX 13 Channing, Dr. Walter, Building Plans for a Criminal Lunatic Asylum.......................... 82. 266 Buildings for the Criminal Insane...... 79.. 114 The Construction of Hospitals for Insane Paupers................... 80. 292 Chapin, Ir. Henry Dwight, Anthropological Study in Children's Institutions.............................................. 98. 424 Chapin, Dr. John B., Committee Minority Report on Insanity.. 80. 99 The Duty of the States Toward Their Insane Poor........................ ~74. 4 Chapin, Dr. John B., Chil., Committee Report on Insanity...... 77. 1 Committee Report on Provision for the Insane................ 84. 222. 85. 94 Chapin, T. F., Dietaries...................................... 02. 453 Manual Training: Work With White Children. 04. 250 Play as a Reformative Agency................ 02. 437 Punishments.................................. 02. 426 Chapin, W. W., Report from Rhode Island.................................................. 81. 214. 84. 53. 88. 79. 92. 252 Charitable Co-operation, Discussion on, see also Co-operation. 01. 376 Charitable Co-operation, RICHMOND, MARY E.................. 01. 298 Charitable Finance, Committee Report on, TUCKER, FRANK, Chm. 06. 196 Discussion on................................ 06. 568 Charitable Institutions of St. Louis, ROBERTSON, BISHOP C. F.. 84. 59 Charitable Work, Non-Sectarian and Non-Partisan, MULLANY, REV. JOHN F............................................ 02. 338 CHARITIES, In the Catholic Church, The System of, IRELAND, RT. REV. JOHN............................... 86. 38 of Chicago, The, MCCAGG, E. B.................... 79. 145 and Correction, Advances in, GILMAN, D. C........ 98. 430 and Correction for Cities, A Better System of, LOWELL, MRS. C. R.......................... 81. 168 Endorsement Committee, The, FELTON, MISS KATHARINE.................................. 05. 350 Hebrew, During the Middle Ages, SONNENSCHEIN, RABBI S. H................................ 83. 323 Our, and Our Churches, WARNER, A. G........... 89. 36 Public, see Public Charities. CHARITY and Character, Conference Sermon, PEABODY, REV. F. G........................... 96. 414 Effective, GARRETT, PHILIP C........................ 81. 141 How Is Its Work Best Done? CHATARD, RT. REV. FRANCIS S..................................... 91. 50 Individuality in the Work of, BUZELLE, GEORGE B.... 86. 185 and Juttice, Conference Sermon, SPALDING, RT. REV. JOHN L...................................... 02. 13 or Justice -Which? JONES, S. M................... 99. 133

Page  14 14 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHARITY ORGANIZATION, Committee Reports. AYRES, PHILIP W., Chm.............. 96. 235 BRACKETT, JEFFREY R., Chm.......... 95. 80 BUZELLE, GEORGE B., Chm............. 92. 204 FAIRCHILD, CHARLES S., Chin.......... 84. 65 GLENN, JOHN M., Chm................. 98. 430 JOHNSON, ALEXANDER, Chm.. 85. 316. 86. 168 KELLOGG, CHARLES D., Chm... 87. 123. 93. 52 MCCULLOCH, REV. OSCAR C., Chmn.,..........................80. 122. 89. 10 ROSENAU, NATHANIEL S., Chin....... 90. 25 SMITH, MIISS ZILPHA D., Chli........ 88. 120 TODD, Miss HANNAH, Chm........... 91. 109 WALK, DR. J. W., Chin............... 94. 19 WINSLOW, ERVING, Chin............... 80. 70 Discussion on.......... 81. 138. 84. 329. 335. 85. 476. 481. 484 485. 487. 86. 401. 87. 345. 88. 406. 89. 243. 90. 373. 91. 360. 94. 301. 98. 481. 00. 401 See also Needy Families in Their Homes. CHARITY ORGANIZATION, AYRES, PHILIP W..................... 92. 451 LOCH, C.................. 92. 453. 96. 243 as an Educating Force, KELLOGG, CHARLES D..................... 92. 449 General Results of, GARRETT, PHILIP C. 83. 149 Methods, How to Adapt to Small Communities, LOWELL, MRS. C. R.. 87. 135 Movement, its Tendency and its Duty, BRACKETT, JEFFREY R............. 95. 80 The' Need of, WALK, DR. J. W....... 83. 141 The Practical Side of; SLOCUM, W. F., Jr...................... 92. 211 Principles Applied to Mission Work, POND, REV. CHAUNCEY N......... 00. 271 Principles Underlying, the, BARBOUR, L. L............................ 83. 143 Relation of to Social Problems, HOLT, GEORGE D....................... 91. 118 Societies, Why Should Religious Societies Co-operate With, SAFFORD, REV. GEORGE B.................... 97. 430 Society, The Scope and Influence of, HENDERSON, C. R................. 96. 248 Society and its Work, The Louisville, ROLPH, W. T........................ 95. 93

Page  15 CUMULATIVE INDEX 15. CHARITY ORGANIZATION, Work of District Committees, McCuLLOCH, REV. OSCAR C.............. 83. 149 -see also Needy Families and Organization of Charity. CHARITY, The Perfect Law of, Conference Sermon, GLADDEN, WASHINGTON.............................. 93. 263 The Personal Element in, MCCULLOCH, OSCAR C..... 85. 340 -Principles and Methods in, DEVINE, EDWARD T...... 01. 321 Scientific, EVANS, MRS. GLENDOWER................. 89. 24 A Special in New York City, KNIGHT, DR. J......... 81. 246 -from the Standpoint of the Knights of Labor, SCHONFARBER, JAMES G............................... 90. 58 -Work, Combined efforts in, DONEHOO, REV. E. R.... 85. 326 Work, Need of Organization in, GLENN, JOHN M.... 99. 284 Charleston, S. C., Work in (Charity Organization), RHETT, Mrs. M. A............................................... 94. 34 Charlton, T. J., Labor in Reform Schools for Boys............. 85. 258 Trade Teaching in Juvenile Reformatories...... 97. 115. Twenty Years of Progress. (Juv. Reformatories)................................... 00. 188..Whtat Are Proper Incentives to Reform?....... 98. 379 -Charlton, T. J., Chim., Report of Committee on Juvenile Delinquents................................... 90. 214 Chase, E. W., Report from Minnesota............. 80. xlvii. 81. 237 Chattel Mortgages, BIRTWELL, MARY L....................... 99. 296 -Chedsey, A. B., Report from Rhode Island................... 88. 362 Cheney, Mrs. E. D., New England Hospital for Women and Children................................................. 81. 88 Chevaillier, Miss A. A., The Association for Protection of the Insane, Report from..................................... 81. 317 Chicago, The Charities of, MCCAGG, E. B...................... 79. 145 Child-Caring Agencies, State Supervision of, FOLKS, HOMER.... 95. 209 CHILD and the Family, The, FOLKS, HOMER................... 92. 419 and the Farms, The, LANGSTON, REV. G. D.............. 03. 204 Child Helping Agencies, Coordination of, WILLIAMS, MORNAY 06. 11I Child-helping agencies in the United States, Catholic, RING, THOMAS F............................................... 96. 326 Child of the Juvenile Court, The, MONTGOMERY, MRS. ALICE B. 05. 167 CHILD LABOR, Committee Report on, LINDSAY, SAMUEL MICCUNE, C111................................ 06. 150 as an Economic Question, FARQUHAR, A. B....... 03. 196 Discussion on........................ 03. 543 06. 521 and Illiteracy, SMITH, HOKE................... 03. 188 Laws, KELLEY. MRS. FLORENCE.................. 04. 268 Moral Dangers of Premature Employment, KELLEY, MRS. FLORENCE........................ 06. 157" as a National Problem, MURPHY, EDGAR GARDNER 03. 121

Page  16 - 16 CUMULATIVE INDEX -CHILD LABOR, Preventive and Protective Legislation, Necessity for, Further, DAVIES, EDGAR T.............. 05. 143 and Pauperism, ADDAMS, JANE................. 03. 114 Social and Medical Aspects of, HOFFMAN, FREDERICK L.................... 03. 138 CHILD PROBLEM, Committee Report, BIRTWELL, C. W., Chm..... 91. 124 The, in Cities, FINLEY, JOHN H.............. 91. 124 Discussion on............................... 91. 324 Economical Aspect of The, HART, H. H....... 92. 121 CHILD SAVING, WHITE, ALBERT S............................. 88. 260 Committee Reports on, BIRTWELL, CHARLES W., Chn...................... 88. 258. 95. 198 FAIRBANKS, MRS. ELIZABETH B., Chm....... 87. 229 FAULKNER, C. E., Chin..................... 97. 87 FOLKS, HOMER, ChIn.................... 94. 119 LEWIS, HERBERT W., Chm.................. 96. 314 RANDALL, C. D., Chin..................... 93. 131 Discussion on........................ 84. 354. 88. 458 Common Sense and Cooperation in, HART, H. H. 03. 180 in England, BAKER, T. B. L.................... 84. 200 Jewish, in the United States, HEYMANN, MICHEL. 97. 108 The Kindergarten in, COOPER, MRS. SARAH B... 82. 130 Michigan System of, MONTGOMERY, J. B......... 04. 320 In New York City, The Problems of, BRACE, CHARLES LORING.......................... 95. 212 Some Recent Developments in, MERRILL, GALEN A..................................... 00. 226 in Tennessee, FERRIS, JOHN C.................. 83. 336 Under State Supervision Without a State School, ELLISON, THOMAS E........................ 01. 230 Work, in Michigan Ten Years of, FOSTER, JOHN H................................... 84. 132 Work, of the Humane Societies, SHORTALL, JOHN G.................................. 97. 110 See also Children, Dependent, etc. Child Study, As Applied to Defective Children, KROHN, W... 97. 308 Child and the State, The, RANDALL, C. D..................... 88. 262 Child, The Working, KELLEY, MRS. FLORENCE.................. 96. 161 CHILDREN, Abandonment of, ARENAL, MME. CONCEPCION....... 84. 165 in Almshouses, Lessons of in the Eleventh Census, WINES, F. H................................. 94. 324 Care of, Reformatory and Preventive, Discussion on. 81. 278 Classification and Training of Innocent and T::corrigible, LETCHWORTH, W. P....................... 83. 344 Committee Report on, BUTLER, AMOS W., Chin..... 04. 247 DANA, REV. M. McG., Ch....... 88. 237 HART, HASTINGS H., Chm..... 06. 87 HILLES, CHARLES D., Chn..... 05. 94

Page  17 CUMULATIVE -INDEX 17 CHILDREN, Committee Report on, SHURTLEFF, H. S., Chm.... 89. 1 WILLIAMSON, MRS. E. E., Chm. 98. 358 Discussion on.79. 157. 80. 237. 89. 213. 98. 160. 04. 511, 531. 05. 539. 06. 537, 574 Coordination of Child Helping Agencies, WILLIAMS, MORNAY...................................... 06. 111 Crippled and Deformed. See Crippled Children. Delinquent, The Care of, FOLKS, HOMER............. 91. 136 See also Reformatories, Juvenile and Delinquent Children. 98. 160 Dependent, Boarding Out of, in Massachusetts, CALKINS, MRS. A. A.............................. 86. 157 Dependent, Committee Report on, LETCHWORTH, W. P.,Chm....................................... 90. 190 Dependent, Country Homes for, BAILEY, ELLEN H.. 90. 202 Dependent, Duty of the State to, MATTHEWS. BYRON C............................... 98. 367 Dependent, and Family Homes, LETCHWORTH, W. P.. 97. 94 Dependent, Institutional Care for, FAULKNER, C. E.. 04. 335 Dependent, in U. S., Progress of State Care of, RANDALL, C. D.................................... 02. 243 Dependent, The Ohio System of Care, BYERS, DR. A. G.......................................... 80. 177 Dependent, The Ohio System of Caring for, GORGAS, M RS. L. V..................................... 88. 242 Dependent, State Care for, MERRILL, G. D........... 94. 146 Dependent, State Supervision of, KINKEAD, REV. T. L. 04. 342 Dependent and Delinquent, Committee Report on, LETCHWORTH, W. P., Chl............ 77. 60. 79. 161 Dependent and Delinquent, Discussion.77. 74. 95. 78. 187 Dependent and Delinquent, in this Country and Abroad, PUTNAM, M'ISS E. C.................. 90. 190 Dependent and Delinquent, in Massachusetts, Visitation of, PUTNAM, MISS E. C.................. 81. 287 Dependent and Delinquent, with Special Reference to Girls, LORD, HENRY W..................... 78. 169 Dependent and Neglected, Economy of the State in the care of, SMITH, MRS. VIRGINIA T........... 87. 238 Destitute, Committee Report on, Fox, HUGH F., Chin........................................ 0. 114 Discussion on................................. 03. 396, 417 Destitute and Delinquent, Distinction Between, ROBINSON, GEORGE B.............................. 02. 440 Destitute and Neglected, Committee Report on, BIRTWELL, CHARLES W., Chmn................. 03. 243 BUTLER, AMOS W., Chm........................ 01. 204 MERRILL, GALEN A., Ch......................00. 226 MULRY, J. M., Chm........................... 99. 166 Discussion........................................ 01. 341 2 cI

Page  18 18 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHILDREN, Destitute and Neglected, Relations Between Home and Institution Care, HALL, E. A............... 99. 177 Finding Homes For in Connecticut, SMITH, MRS. VIRGINIA T........................................... 85. 210 Foundlings and Deserted, LESLY, MRS. S. J........ 81. 282 Full Measure of Responsibility, PEAR, W. H........ 06. 96 in Hospitals, QUINTARD, L. W...................... 95. 275 in their Homes, The Influence of, After Institution Life, NIBECKER, F. H........................... 95. 216 Ill-treated, the Michigan Law to Protect, RANDALL, C. D.......................................... 89. 5 Institutions for, ALDEN, LYMAN P.................. 96. 318 Juvenile Courts, Report on........................ 04. 350 Massachusetts System of Placing Out and Visiting, RICHARDSON, MRS. ANNE B..................... 80. 186 Neglected, Boarding System for, PEMBERTON, Miss C. H.......................................... 94. 137 Neglected and Criminal, Discussion................ 75. 78 Neglected and Criminal of the United States, CARPENTER, MARY................................. 75. 66 Neglected, Destitute and Friendless, HARRISON, GEORGE L...................................... 75. 82 Pauper and Dependent, Family Homes for, LEONARD, MRS. CLARA T.......................... 79. 170 Placed in Families, Terms on Which It Should be Done, LEWIS, HERBERT T...................... 94. 140 (Placed) Auxiliary Visitors to, PUTNAM, ELIZABETH C...................................... 84. 123 Placing out, Discussio................... 81. 301. 83. 341 Placing Out of, GREGG, REV. F. M.................. 92. 415 Placing Out; Dangers of Careless Methods, HEBBERD, ROBERT W.............................. 99. 171 Placing Out Plan for Homeless and Vagrant, BRACE, C. L......................................... 76. 135 Placing Out Plan, Discussion...................... 76. 145 Placing Out System, The Shady Side of, ALDEN, LYMAN B......................................... 85. 201 Placing Out and Visitation of, PUTNAM, MIss E. C.. 81. 286 Placing Out in the West, HART, H. H............... 84. 143 Prevention of Cruelty to, Work of Societies for, CUSHING, GRAFTON D.......................... 06. 106 Prevention of Cruelty to, Societies for, GERRY, ELBRIDGE T....................................... 82. 127 Prevention in Some of Its Aspects, LYNDE, MRS. W. P.......................................... 79. 162 Preventive Work, DANA, REV. M. McG............ 87. 243 Preventive Work Among, COBB, MRS. M. E........ 83. 480

Page  19 CUMULATIVE INDEX 19 CHILDREN, Preventive Work Among, Committee Report, LETCHWORTH, W. P., Chm.................................... 81. 271. 82. 121. 83. 334. 85. 179 SMITH, MRS. VIRGINIA T., Chm..............: 86. 124 Preventive Work Among, The Economic View of; KELLOGG, CHARLES D................... 91. 151 Preventive Work Among, Discussion............... 86. 386 Protection of, Resolutions Adopted by the International Congress on............................ 83. 489 Reclamation of, WHITE, ALBERT S.................. 87. 236 Relation of Societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Child Saving Work, GERRY, ELBRIDGE T........ 82. 127 Removal from Almshouses, FOLKS, HOMER.......... 94. 119 Removal from Almshouses in New York, LETCHWORTH, W. P.......................... 94. 132 Rescue and Relief of, Committee Report, LEWIS, HERBERT T.,Chm. 96. 314 Responsibility, Full Measure of, PEAR, W. H........ 06. 96 Saving the, BUTLER, AMOS W....................... 01. 204 of "Shinbone Alley," HILL, ROBERT W............ 87. 229 of the State, LETCHWORTH, W. P.......86. 138 Street Arab, The, WILLIAMSON, MRS. E. E........ 98. 358 Street Boy, Who He Is and What to do With Him, WILLIAMS, MORNAY.......................... 03. 238 Street, How May We Rescue, SKINNER, J. W....... 82. 122 Street Trades of, Regulation of, ADAMS, MYRON E.. 04. 294 Visiting Placed Out in Massachusetts, PUTNAM, M Iss E. C..................................... 83. 477 Work for, BUTLER, AMOS W..................... 04. 247 Work of One State for, JACOBS, MISS BERTHA...... 04. 317 CHILDREN'S Age, The, WILLIAMSON, MRS. E. E................ 03. 192 Charities, The Best Method of, in Towns and Villages, BRACE, CHARLES L................... 80. 227 Guardians' Act, The Indiana, WOOLLEN, EVANS.... 01. 234 Guardians, Boards of, Fox, HUGH F............:.. 04. 311 Guardians, Board in D. of C., DOUGLASS, J. W..... 01. 239 Homes in Ohio, HATHAWAY, S. J.................. 90. 208 Institutions, Anthropological Study in, CHAPIN, DR. H. D......................................... 98. 424 Chinese Immigration, WENDTE, REV. C. W..................... 93. 435 Chipley, W. D., Report from Florida......................... 86. 310 Choate, Hon. Joseph H., The Duties and Responsibilities of Private Citizens............................................. 98. 218 Christian Church, The, Its Relation to the Charitable Institutions of the State, BEDELL, BISHOP.............................. 80. Ixviii Churches in Charity Work, PULLMAN, REV. JAMES M., D. D... 98. 486 Churches, Co-operation of, HENDERSON, REV. C. R.............. 84. 80 Church's Duty to the Poor, The, SMALL, H. B................. 97. 233

Page  20 20 CUMULATIVE INDEX Chronic Insane, see Insane, Chronic. Civil Service Reform, LOWELL, MRS. C. R. 98. 256 Civil Service Reform, see also the Spoils System and Politics in Institutions, etc. Civil Service Rules fn State Institutions, HANCOCK, W. S....... 00. 195 Clark, A. W., Limits to State Control and Supervision.......... 04. 180 Report from Nebraska................ 93. 360 94. 249. 95. 362. 96. 63. 97. 412. 98. 68. 99. 74. 00. 331. 01. 73. 02.. 70. 03. 71. 04. 67. 05. 65. 06. 42 Clark, Dr. Daniel, The Relation of the Public to the Insane.. 97. 83 Clark, G. A., Report from Kansas....... 96. 41 Clark, Mary Vida, The Almshouse............................ 00. 146 Clarke, Jerome B., Report from Cuba............... 01. 105. 02. 106 Clarke, Mrs. Mary A. J., Report from Delaware............... 95. 330 Clarkson, Bishop, Report from Nebraska..................... 80. xl Cleveland, Frederick A., Philanthropy and Accountancy....... 06. 199 Cleveland, Grover, Chairman's Address.............. 06. 420 Cleaves, Dr. Margaret A., Insane, Report on for Pennsylvania.. 81. 27 The Medical and Moral Care of Female Patients in Hospitals for the Insane.................... 79. 73 Report from Iowa...............80. xxxviii Women as Hospital Physicians...... 81. 27 Clough, Col. Edgar E., State Soldiers' Homes and Pensions..... 96. 280 Cobb, Mrs. Mary E., Instructive and Productive Employments. 85. 247 Preventive Work Among Children....... 83. 480 Scholastic and Industrial Education...... 96. 348 Codman, Mrs. Henrietta G., Auxiliary Visitors................ 04. 126 Codman, Mrs. James M., Arguments Against Public Outdoor Relief................................................... 91. 46 Coffin, Charles F., Report from Indiana............... 78. 21. 80. xxix Coffin, Elijah, Report from Dakota........................... 84. 22 Coler, Bird S., The Subsidy Problem in New York City........ 01. 131 Collin, C. A., The Leading Principles of Modern Prison Science. 91. 214 Colonies for Dependents, Discussion on....................... 03. 532 Colony Plan, The, FISH, DR. WILLIAM B...................... 92. 161 Colorado, Report From, see Reports from States. Colored Criminals, WINES, FRED H............................ 03. 444 Commissioner of Public Charities in New York City, Some Experiences as, FOLKS, HOMER............................... 04. 134 Common Sense and Cooperation (Dependent Children),MONTGOMERY, JOHN B........................................ 03. 200 Compulsory Education, HARRIS, WILLIAM T................... 85. 228 Compulsory Education in Indiana, COTTON, FASSETT A......... 04. 274 Compulsory Education in Its Relation to the Charity Problem, HISER, PERRY N.......................................... 00. 277 Conditional Liberation, STANLEY, W. E....................... 00. 408 Conditions and Needs of the South, HEYMANN, MICHEL........ 03. 370

Page  21 CUMULATIVE INDEX 21 Confederate Soldiers' Homes, Report of, DUDLEY, MAJOR R. H., and RANDOLPH, MAJOR N. V:.......................... 96. 294 CONFERENCE SERMONSBARROWS, REV. J. H., D. D., The Spirit of Humanity.. 99. 16 BEDELL, RT. REV. BISHOP, The Relation of the Christian Church to the Charitable Institutions of the State.. 80. lxviii BUCKLEY, REV. J. M., D. D., They Helped Every One His Neighbor.................................... 06. 11 CROTHERS, REV. S. M., D. D., Yet One Thing Thou Lackest........................................ 04. 13 DENNY, REV. COLLINS, Bear Ye One Another's Burdens. 94. 214 GATES, REV. GEORGE A., D. D., Divine Human Life.... 92. 223 GLADDEN, REV. WASHINGTON, The Perfect Law of Charity......................................... 93. 263 HENDERSON, REV. CHARLES R., The Greatest Thing.... 97. 352 HODGES, REV. GEORGE, D. D., The Progress of Compassion............................................. 01. 1 HUNTINGTON, REV. WILLIAM REED, D. D., The Theocratic Republic.................................. 98. 11 LEE, REV. JAMES W., D. D., Oh Lord, Our Lord, How Excel'ent is Thy Name in all the Earth......... 05. 13 MACKAY-SMITH, REV. ALEXANDER, D. D., The Power of Personality in Redemptive Work............ 90. 16 MITCHELL, REV. S. S., D. D., The Glory of Service..... 88. 281 MUNGER, REV. THEODORE T., The Development of Ethical Forces........................................ 95. 16 PARKHURST, REV. CHARLES H., D. D., The Betterment of en....................................... 03. 13 PEABODY, REV. FRANCIS G., Charity and Character..... 96. 414 REED, REV. MYRON W., Work for the Day and all the Days....................................91. 20 SPALDING, RT. REV. JOHN LANCASTER, Charity and Justice.................... 02. 13 WXINES, REV. F. H., LL. D., The Healing Touch....... 00. 10 Connecticut, Report From, see Reports from States. Conner, Dr. P. S., Hospitals for the Sick; Their Construction and anagement.... 86. 237 Conrad, Dr. J. S., Report from Maryland...................... 77. xviii Consumption, The Prevention of, DOCK, DR. GEORGE.......... 02. 237 Consumptive poor, What Shall We Do With the, KNOPF, DR. S. A..................................................... 02. 218 Consumptives, The Open Air Treatment for, HUTCHINSON, DR. WOODS............................................ 05. 250 Consumptives, What Shall We Do With? BAKER, DR. HENRY B. 02. 231 See also Tuberculosis. Contagious Diseases. Requirements of Hospitals for, NICOLL, MATTHIAS, JR........................................... 06. 17 Continued Care of Families, SMITH, MISS FRANCES A...... 95. 87

Page  22 CUMULATIVE INDEX Convalescents; Their Cure From the Medical Standpoint, FRANKEL LEE K................................................ 05. 198 Convict, see Prisons etc. Cooley, Charles H., Nature Versus Nurture in the Making of Social Careers...........................96. 399 CO-OPERATION, in Charities, PAINE, RORERT TREAT............. 81. 118 of the Churches, HENDERSON, REV. C. R........... 84. 80 Ideals and Methods of (Needy Families). MAGRUDER, REV. J. W................... 04. 216 Ideals and Methods of (Needy Families), McLEAN, FRANCIS H............................. 04. 200 in the Work of Charity, a Necessity, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER................................. 92. 428 Internal, KELLOGG, CHARLES D................... 92. 428 A Problem in, BRAUCHER, H. S................... 06. 334 With Public Authorities, WARNER, DR. A. G.... 92. 430 See also Charity Organization. Cooper, Mrs. Sarah B., The Kindergarten as a Character Builder...................... 85. 222 The Kindergarten as a Child Saving W ork.............................. 82. 130 Practical Results of Ten Years' Work (Free Kindergartens)................ 89. 186 Report from California................ 86. 304. 87. 21. 95. 324. 96. 22 Cotton, Fassett A., Compulsory Education in Indiana........... 04. 274 Cotton Mill Owners, The Sociological Work of the, TOMPKINS, D. A.................................................... 03. 157 COUNTY Care of Insane, see Insane. Homes of Ohio, The, BYERS, JOSEPH P................ 01. 236 and Municipal Charities, Committee Report, BYERS, JOSEPH P., Chm.............................. 99. 112 Fox, HUGH F., Ch............................ 00. 106 D iscussion on........................................ 00. 444 and Municipal Corrections, BUTLER, AMOS W.......... 03. 392 and Municipal Institutions, Committee Report, STONA-. KER, C. L,, Chm................................. 03. 373 Discussion on...................................... 03. 480 Cousins, The Intermarriage of, LONGSTRETH, W. W........... 06. 261 Cowie, George D., Report from Minnesota................... 98. 64 Cowles, Dr. Edward, Advanced Professional Work in Hospitals for the Insane....................... 98. 285 Training Schools of the Future.......... 90. 115 Cownie, John, Work in Iowa................................. 02. 140 Craig, Oscar. The New York Law for the State Care of Insane. 91. 85 Craig, Oscar, Chm., Committee Report on History of State Boards.................................... 93. 33 Craig, S. S., The Abolition of Poverty....................... 97. 272

Page  23 CUMULATIVE INDEX * 23 CRIME - HAWTHORNE, JUIAN................................. 85. 413 and Insanity, YEAMANS, DR. C. E.................... 80. 282 A New System of Repressing, DE MARSANGY, BONNEVILLE...................................... 75. 104 and Penalties, Committee Report, BROCKWAY, Z. R., Chin........................................... 83. 168 Prevention of, Among Colored Children, BENSON, WM. E......................................... 04. 257 Prevention of, and Pauperism, ALLEN, DR. NATHAN.. 78. 111 Some Methods of Preventing, SPALDING, WARREN F.. 80., 60 See also Prisons. Criminality, Hereditary, Statistical Study of, GOULD, E. R. L... 95. 134 CRIMINALS, The Treatment of, Committee Reports, BARROWS, S. J., Chm.................................. 03. 439 LEONARD, J. A., Chn......................... 05. 292 LEWIS, CHARLTON T., Chi................... 01. 147 WILLIS, J. W., Chn.......................... 02. 315 W INES, F. H., Chin............................ 04. 422 Discussions..01. 416. 02. 530. 03. 587. 04. 593. 597. 05. 547 Females, Control of, MILLIGAN, REV. J............ 82. 176 Discussion....................................... 82. 184 Girls, Reformation of, HALL, MISS E. A......... 83. 188 Insane, see Insane Criminals. and Law, Mutual Relations of, BROCKWAY, Z. R.... 04. 434 Lunatic Asylum, Building Plans for, CHANNING, DR. WALTER................................. 82. 266 Post Penitentiary Treatment of, BRINKERHOFF, R.. 83. 216 Procedure, Needed Reforms in, HALLAM, OSCAR... 05. 300 Reformation of, SPALDING, W. F.................. 81. 257 The 'Treatment of, TALLACK, WILLIAM............ 84. 272 See also Reformatories, Prisons, and Punishment. Crippled and Deformed Children, Care of, SHAFFER, DR. NEWTON M........................................ 98. 393 PLATT, DR. W. B................................... 98. 402 Crooker, J. H., The Organization of Private Charities.......... 97. 175 Crothers, Rev. S. WM., Conference Sermon...................... 04. 13 Crouter, A. L. E., Care and Training of the Deaf............. 06. 249 Crozier, A. O., Clhn., Commnittee Report on Organization of Charity................................. 97. 140 Organized and Unorganized Charity........... 97. 154 Cuba, Reports from, see Reports from States. Curtis, Miss Frances Greely, What Has Public a Right to Know About Public and Private Charities......................... 05. 434 Cummings, Mrs. Willoughby, Report from Canada............. 00. 367 Cummins, Mrs. M. S. Report from Montana................... 97. 411 Curry, J. M., Report from Virginia........................... 85. 85

Page  24 24 CUMULATIVE INDEX Cushing, Grafton D., Work of Societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Children............................................ 06. 106 Cushing, O. K., The State Prison............................ 05. 325 D Dakota, Reports from, see Reports fromn States. Dall, Mrs. C. H. Report from California....................... 81. 243 Dana, Rev. M. McG., The Care and Disposal of Dependent Children............................... 88. 237 Preventive W ork....................... 87. 243 The Reformation of Prisoners............ 88. 209 Remedial Work in Behalf of Our Youth.. 95. 230 D'Arcambal, Mrs. Agnes, An Ideal Home for Discharged Prisoners............................................ 94. 326 Darche, Louise, Blackwell's Island Hospitals................. 95. 267 Darlington, Dr. Thos., Report front Arizona......... 90. 317. 92. 352 I)a-ies, Edgar T., Necessity for Further Child Labor Legislation................................................ 05. 143 Davi-. Katharine Bement, Civic Efforts of Social Settlements.. 96. 131 Davis, Dr. R. T., Pauperism in the City of New York......... 74.' 18 Day Nurseries, ROSENAU, N. S................................ 94. 333 Day Nurseries, American Federation of....................... 06. 594 Day Nursery Work, BURGESS, Miss M. H...................... 92. 424 Day Nulrsery Work, The Scope of, DEWEY, MARY H........... 97. 105 Day, Rev. S. H., Report frotm West Virgina.. 93. 424. 94. 257. 95. 390 D)af, Care and Trainingof the, CROUTER, A. L. E............. 06. 249 Deaf and Dumb, Education of, Committee Report, PEET, DR. Is.c L., C in........................................... 83. 406 Deaf and Dumb, Education of, Discussion on.............. 83. 422, 424 Deaf, The Education and Care of the, FAY, G................ 86. 215 Deaf Mlutes and Elind, Education of in One Institution, LANE, P. 82. 209 De Bolt, Mrs. L. N., Industrial Employmtent as a Fcctor in the Rcform ation of Girls..................................... 00. 214 Dechert, Henry, Care of Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Children.... 89. 83 DEFECTIVE and Dependent Classes, Committee Report, SPRATLING, WILLIAM P., Chin.............................. 98. 309 FERNALD, DR. WALTER E., Chi................. 04. 408 TOILINSON, DR. H. A., Chin....................... 05. 334 and Dependent Classes, Discussion on.98. 493. 03. 527. 05. 523 Classes, The, WRIGHT, A. O0........................ 91. 222 Genesis of the, KEENE, DR. GEORGE F................. 04. 397 The Segregation of, Committee Report, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER, Chmi.............................. 03. 245 Segregation of, The, Committee Minority Report, PERRY, MIss MARY E........................... 03. 253 Defectives, Committee Report on, JOHNSTONE, E. R., Chm...... 06. 235 Discussion on...................................... 06. 563

Page  25 25 CUMULATIVE INDEX Definition of Insanity, HUGHES, DR. C. H....................... 84. 236 de Forest, Robert W., South and North Solve Own Problems; President's Address........ 03. 1 de Forest Robert W., Chin., Committee Report on Neighborhood and Civic Improvement...... 02. 343 De Graffenried, Clare, The Permanent Improvement of Neighborhoods..... 95. 101 Delaney, John J., Catholic Reformatory Agencies.............. 97. 131 Delaware, Report from, see Reports from States. DELINQUENT Children, The Care of, FOLKS, HOMER............ 91. 136 Children, Committee Report, CALDWELL, PETER, C hm........................................ 98. 404 Children, Discussion on.....:........... 83. 358. 98. 468 Children, Negro, SMYTH, JOHN H................ 98. 471 Discussion on............................... 02. 423, 472 Family System for, HOWE, DR. G. E............. 80. 209 Forward Movement in Boarding Schools for, NiBECKER, F. H................................ 04. 300 Girl, The, FRANCIS, Miss VIDA H................ 06. 138 De Marsangy, Bonneville, A New System of Repressing Crime. 75. 104 Denny, Rev. Collins, Conference Sermon....................... 94. 214 Denson, C.-B., Report from North Carolina.. 90. 338. 95. 375. 96. 78. 97. 425. 98. 79. 99. 87. 00. 346. 01. 84, 02. 85 Denson, Miss Daisy, Report from North Carolina............................................... 03. 87. 04. 82. 05. 73. 06. 57 Denton, Dr. A. N., Report from Texas............... 85. 83. 86. 338 Denver's Plan (Charity Organization), GEORGE, MRS. IZETTA... 94. 55 Dependants, Needed Legislation for Certain Classes of, McCoRMACK, HARRY............................................ 05. 411 Dependent Families, Statistics of, BRANDT, LILIAN............ 06. 434 Desertion by Parents, SAVAGE, REV. E. P............. 95. 213. 97. 317 Desportes, Fernand, Prisons and Penitentiaries in France...... 84. 276 Development of Ethical Forces, Conference Sermon, MUNGER, REV. T. T................................................ 95. 16 Devine, Edward T., The Dominant Note of Modern Philanthropy, President's Address............. 06. 1 Principles and Methods in Charity.......... 01. 321 The Value and the Dangers of Investigation.................................. 97. 193 Devine, Edward T., Chm., Committee Report on Warfare Against Tuberculosis.................. 05. 233 Committee Report on Organization of Charity................................... 99. 274 Devoll, Dr. Sarah W., The Employment of Police Matrons..... 81. 309 Dewey, Mary H., The Scope of Day Nursery Work........... 97. 105 Dewey, Dr. Richard, Assistance of Patients Discharged from Hospitals for Insane.............. 05. 339

Page  26 26 CUMULATIVE INDEX Dewey, Dr. Richard, Congregate and Segregate Buildings for the Insane........................ 83. 441 Destitute Convalescents; After Care of the Insane........................ 97. 76 Detached Wards for the Insane........ 82. 273 Insanity Following the Keely Treatment for Inebriety............... 92. 142 Some Outlines of State Policy in the Care of the Insane............... 92. 125 Training Schools for Attendants in Asylums for the Insane............... 87. 221 Voluntary or Self-Commitment to Insane Hospitals.................... 91. 71 Dexter, John T., English Medical Charity and Poor Relief...... 76. 31 Dietaries, CHAPIN, T. F....................................... 02. 453 Dietaries of Insane Hospitals and Other Public Institutions, ATW ATER, W. 0.......................................... 01. 173 Diet and Voluntary Employment of Patients (Insane), MILLER, DR. CHARLES A.......................................... 86. 277 Diller, Dr. Luther, Report from Pennsylvania.............................................. 75. 19. 80. xxi. 81. 86. 83. 37 Discharged Prisoners, Aid to, HENRY, J. W................... 83. 231 Discharged Prisoners, The Duty of the State and Society to, MILLIGAN, J. L.......................................... 78. 124 Discharged Prisoners, An Ideal Home for, D'ARCAMBAL, MRS. AGNES................................................. 94. 326 Discipline in Prisons, MOSHER, DR. ELIZA M................. 83. 211 Disease and Dependence Committee Report, FOLKS, HOMER, Ch.................................................... 03. 334 Disease and Dependence, Discussion on................... 03. 567, 576 Diseaseand Insanity, Prevention of, ALLEN, DR. NATHAN...... 78. 79 Disease, Prevention of, by Improved Housing and Sanitary Conditions, BRIDGE, DR. NORMAN.............................. 05. 86 Distribution of Population, The, LOEB, MORRIS................ 06. 382 District of Columbia, Report from, see Reports from States:' District Committees, Work of in Charity Organizations, McCULLOCH, OSCAR C...................................... 8. 148 District Conference, Constitution of, FIELDS, MRS. J. T......... 81. 124 District Nursing, see Nursing. District Plan of Organization versus the Centralized Plan, The, BRACKETT, JEFFREY R..................................... 97. 188 D iscussion on............................................. 01. 365 Divine Human Life, Conference Sermon, GATES, REV. GEORGE A., D. D....... 92. 223 Division of Work Between Public and Private Charities, The, Committee Report, FETTER, FRANK, A., Chin............... 01. 118 Dock, Dr. George, The Prevention of Consumption............. 02. 237 Dodds, F. C., Report from Illinois........................... 98. 44

Page  27 CUMULATIVE INDEX 27 Dohrmann, Mrs. C. W., Kindergarten Culture................ 89. 194 Donehoo, E. R., Combined Efforts in Charity Work........... 85. 326 Donnelly Chas. F., Report from Massachusetts.............'... 85. 58 Dooley, Edmond T., Report from California................... 87. 293 Doren, John G., Report from Ohio.................. 91. 259. 92. 252 Dorr, Mrs. Julia C. R., Reformatory and Preventive Work in Vermont........................ 81. 272 Report from Vermont............................... 86. 340. 93. 419. 89. 172 Douglass, John W., The Board of Children's Guardians, District of Columbia...................................... 01. 239 Dow, J. J., Organization tb Aid the Adult Blind to Become Self-Sup porting........................................ 88. 113 Drake, L. D., Do Reform Schools Reform?.................... 97. 125 Juvenile Delinquency and Its General Treatment. 00. 208 Draper, Dr. Joseph, Report from Vermont........... 92. 252. 95. 384 Drewry, Dr. W. F., Report from Virginia... 97. 436. 98. 97. 99. 103. 00. 364. 01. 95. 02. 99. 03. 103. 04. 103. 05. 83. 06. 71 Drink Evil, The, RAYMOND, H. N........................... 97. 235 See also Alcoholism. Drunkards' Families, SLOCUM, REV. W. F., JR.................. 88. 131 Du Bois, Mrs. Mary A., Thirty Years' Experience in Nursery and Child Hospital Work................................. 85. 181 Dudley, Major R. H., Report on Confederate Soldiers' Homes.. 96. 294 Dugdale, R. L., Hereditary Pauperism......................... 77. 81 Dunlap, Dr. Mary J., Progress in the Care of the FeebleMinded and Epileptics................................... 99. 255 Dusenberry, Mrs. Ida Smoot, Report from Utah.............. 06. 70 Duties and Responsibilities of Private Citizens, CHOATE, HON. JOSEPH H............................................ 98. 218 Duty of the State to the Erring and the Dependent, President's Address, STEWART, WILIAM R................. 98. 1 Dwellings Improved, GOULD, E. R. L.......................... 95. 511 E Earle, Dr. Pliny, Curability of the Insane.................... 81. 19 A Glance at Insanity and the Management of the Insane in the American States....... 79. 42 Early, J. P., Report from Indiana............................. 79. 19 Ventilationz in the Buildings of Public Institutions. 80. 301 Easby, Mrs. F. H., Report from Delaware..................... 91. 259 Easby, G. K., Report from Delaware.......................... 90. 318 Eastman, Dr. R. D.. Improvements in Medical Care for the Insane.................................................... 00. 89 Eastman, James H., Report from Rhode Island............... 06. 66 Eaton, Dorman R., State Charities Aid Associations.......... 75. 105 Eaton, General John, Alaska and the Reindeer................ 01. 423

Page  28 28 CUMULATIVE INDEX Educational Opportunity of the Visiting Nurse, AIKENS, Miss CHARLOTTE A....................... 06.. 18B Education, Prehistoric of the Race, Etc., BALLIET, THOS. M.. 06. 243 Education of the Deaf and Dumb, Committee Report on, PEET, DR. ISAAC L., Chm...................................... 83. 406 Education of Imbeciles, MOTT, ALICE J........................ 94. 168 Educational Problem, The, CARHART, JOSEPH................... 92. 183 Educational and Religious Aid Given the Needy in Their Homes, PAYNE, J. CARROLL.............................. 03. 329 Edwards, Rev. Jonathan, Report from Idaho........... 01. 50 02. 40 Efficiency in State Charitable and Correctional Institutions, HANLY, J. FRANK....................................... 06. 401 Elder, John R., A State Board of Charities: How It Looks to a N ew M em ber........................................ 91. 162 Eliot, Rev. Samtrel A., The Migration of Invalids............. 92. 90 Eliot, Rev. T. L., Report from Oregon........................ 91. 259 Elliott, H. S., Report from Florida........................... 92. 252 Ellison, Thomas E, Child Saving Under State Supervision Without State School................................. 01. 230 Ellison, Thomas E., Chm., Committee Report on Prisons and Reformatories for Adults................................ 99. 331 Ellwood, Charles A., Almshouse Abuses and their Correction.. 03. 386 Elmira Reformatory, The, WARNER, CHARLES DUDLEY.......... 85. 275 Elmore, E. A., Memorial Tribute to, SANBORN, F. B............ 06. 491 Elmore, A. E., President's Address......................... 82. 10 Report of Committee on Reformatories and Houses of Refuge....................... 84. 84 ReJort from Wisconsin............ 77. xiii. 79. 11 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Albert G. Byers.... 91. 253 Ely, Robert E., The Settlement Idea........................... 97. 332 Emergency Relief by Work, Is It Wise? AYRES, PHILIP W.... 95. 953 Emergency Work in Boston, FOWLER, WILLIAM P.............. 94. 45 Emerson, Dr. Charles P., Free Medical Aid for the Poor... 06. 168 Emery, L. S., Almsgiving Societies........................... 84. 73 The Johnstown Flood: A Lesson in the Value of Charity Organization.................... 90. 43 Empire of Charity, President's Address, PAINE, ROBERT TREAT. 95. 1 Employes? Shall Superintendents Employ and Discharge, BROWN, J. W............................................ 00. 211 Employment Bureau, A Free Public, BARNES, HORACE F........ 85. 362 Employments, Instructive and Productive (Reformatories), COBB, MRS. MARY E...................................... 85. 247 Encouragement of Small Industries, HEYMANN, MICHEL........ 03. 315 EPILEPTICS, The Care of, LETCHWORTH, WILLIAM PRYOR........ 96. 199 The Care of, RUSSELL DR. IRA.................... 81. 325 Colony Care of, The, RUTTER, DR. H. C........... 97. 63 An Ideal Colony for, SPRATLING, DR. W. P........ 03. 259 Discussion on.......................... 96. 441. 97. 468

Page  29 CUMULATIVE INDEX 29t EPILEPTICS, Industrial Education for, SPRATLING, DR. W. P.... - 97. 69 and Insanity, Discussion on....................... 81. 326 Institutions for the Care of, MORRIS, DR. JOHN.... 90. 275 Provision for, LETCHWORTH, W. P.................... 94. 187 The State's Duty Toward, KNIGHT, DR. GEORGE.... 86. 298 See also Feeble-Minded and Epileptics. Erring and Criminal Women, The Treatment of, LYNDE, MRS. W. P.................................................... 80. 249 Erring Women, Discussion on............................ 80. 267 Esthetic Surroundings, A Plea for, VAUX, GEORGE, JR.......... 05. 120' Ethical Culture in Children's Institutions, WENTWORTH, E. P... 05. 138 Ethnic Factors in Immigration, FISHBERG, MAURICE............. 06. 304 European Prisons, BARROWS, SAMUEL J....................... 97. 52 Europe, Insane Hospitals of, see Insane Hospitals of Europe. Evans, Rev. A. Grant, Report fromn Indian Territory.......... 02. 47 Evans, C. A., The Reformation of the Criminal............... 03. 448 Evans, Mrs. Glendower, Scientific Charity..................... 89. 24 Evils Growing Out of Extortionate Usury, LEE, JOSEPH........ 95. 506 Experience in Indiana (State Supervision), BUTLER, AMOS W.. 02. 144 F Factory Inspection, Use and Abuse of, KELLEY, MRS. FLORENCE. 03. 135 Fairbanks, Mrs. Elizabeth B., Report of Committee on Child Saving Work......................................... 87. 229 Fairbanks, Mrs. Margaret E., Visitation of Children Placed With Families............. 04. 324 Habits of Thrift............ 97. 138 Fairbanks, William G., Discipline in Reformatories........... 84. 100 Girls' Reformatories and Their Inherent Characteristics.................... 01. 254 Obligations of the State to Juvenile Delinquents......................... 95. 238 Religious and Moral Training.......... 04. 327 Report from Vermont....................... 81. 237. 83. 379. 84. 57. 85. 84 Fairchild, Charles S.,, The Value of Registration and Investigation.............................. 83. 144 Fairchild, Charles S., Chin., Committee Report on Charity Organization..........................................84. 65 Families of Prisoners, The, RUSSELL, REV. FRANK............. 80. 75 Family, Some Problems of the, BROOKS, JOHN GRAHAM........ 01. 293 Family System for Juvenile Delinquents, The, HOWE, DR. G. E. 80. 209 Farquhar, A. B., Child Labor as an Economic Question......... 03. 196 Farrand, Dr. Livingston, Tuberculosis in Public Institutions... 05. 240 Farwell, S. T., Report from 'Wyoming................ 94. 258. 95. 393 Faulkner, C. E., Homes for Soldiers and Sailors.............. 95. 310 Institution Care for Dependent Children..... 04. 3356

Page  30 30 CUMULATIVE INDEX Faulkner, C. E., The Limitations of the Soldiers' Home System. 97. 1I Report from Kansas.. 80. xlv. 87. 44. 88. 329. 89. 133. 90. 321. 91. 259. 97. 397 Twentieth Century Alignments for the Promotion of Social Order, President's Address. 00. 1 Faulkner, C. E., Chin. Committee Report on Child Saving..... 97. 87 Committee Report on Soldiers' Homes and Pensions....................... 96. 27t Fay, G. O., The Education and Care of the Deaf............... 86. 215 Feeble-Minded Blind, The, ALLEN, EDWARD E.................. 06. 259 FEEBLE-MINDED, Care of the, Committee Report, FISH, DR. WILLIAM B., Chm....................... 91. 98 JOHNSON, ALEXANDER, Chm.............. 96. 207 KERLIN, DR. I. N., Chin......... 88. 99. 90. 344 KNIGHT, DR. GEORGE H., Chm............. 95. 150 POWELL, DR. F. M., Chn................. 97. 289 Discussion.. 88. 395. 90. 440. 03. 485. 04. 546, 559 Care of, FERNALD, DR. WALTER E.............. 04. 408 Care of, SANBORN, DR. BIGELOW T............ 04. 391 The Care and Training of, POWELL, DR. F. M.. 87. 250 Colonizing the, ROGERS, DR. A. C............. 03. 254 The Colony Plan for All Grades of, Committee Report, KNIGHT, DR. GEORGE H., Chm..... 92. 155 The Education of, RICHARDS, JAMES B........ 85. 174 Functions of a School for, ROGERS, DR. A. C... 88. 101 History of the Treatment of, Committee Report, FERNALD, DR. WALTER E., Chm........... 93. 203 Institutions for the: The Result of Forty Years' Effort, WILBUR, DR. C. T........... 88. 106 Manual Training for the, BARROWS, ISABEL C.. 94. 179 the Massachusetts Farm Colony for, FERNALD, DR. W ALTER E........................... 02. 482 Permanent Custodial Care, Committee Report, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER, Chm................. 96. 207 Permanent Care, Discussion.................. 96. 487 Public Aid for the, BROWN, MRS. GEORGE...... 89. 86 Statistics of Institutions, Etc., POWELL, DR. F. M.................................... 97. 290 Women, The, Protection and Training of, WINSPEAR, C. W............................. 95. 160 FEEBLE-MINDED AND EPILEPTIC, Committee Report, FERNALD, DR. WALTER E., Ch................... 99. 255 POLGLASE, DR. WILLIAM A., Chmi.......... 01. 186 POWELL, DR. F. M., Ch................ 00. 70 ROGERS, DR. A. C., Chnm.................. 94. 168 WILMARTH, DR. A. W., Chi.............. 02. 152 Discussion................................... 01. 409

Page  31 CUMULATIVE INDEX I31 FEEBLE-MINDED, The Evolution of the Care of, in the Past Century, POLGLASE, DR. WILLIAM A.......... 01. 186 New (Pa.) Institution for, Aims and Possibilities of, FITZSIMMONS, DR. T. C......... 06. 269 MURDOCH, DR. J. MOORHEAD.... 06. 273 Progress in the care of, DUNLAP, DR. MARY J. 99. 255 Feeble-Minded and Idiotic Children, Care of, DECHERT, HENRY. 89. 83 Feeble-Minded and Idiotic Persons, Provision for, Committee Report, KERLIN, DR. ISAAC N., Chin...... 86. 288 ROGERS, DR. A. C., Chim.......... 89. 83 Discussion on................................ 89. 31.8 Feeble-Mindedness as an Inheritance, BICKNELL, ERNEST P..... 96. 219 Feeble-Mindedness, Prevention of, Committee Report, CARSON, DR. JAMES C., Chn....................................... 98. 294 Feeble-Mindedness, Prevention of, from a Moral and Legal Standpoint, KNIGHT, DR. GEORGE H........................ 98. 304 Feeble-Mindedness, see also Idiocy, Imbecility, etc. Felkel, Henry L., Report from Florida......................... 95. 340 Felton. Miss Katharine C., Charities Endorsement Committee.. 05. 350 Report from California............... 01. 41. 02. 28. 03. 28. 05. 34 Status of Organized Charity in the W est......................... 02. 295 Females, Vicious and Criminal, Control of, MILLIGAN, REV. J... 82. 176 Fernald, Dr. Walter E., Care of the Feeble-Minded............ 04. 408 The Massachusetts Farm Colony for the Feeble-Minded................ 02. 482 Fernald, Dr. W. E., Chm., Committee Report on History of the Treatment of Feeble-Minded..................... 93. 203 Ferris, Judge John C., Child Saving in Tennessee............. 83. 336 Report from Tennessee.. 84. 54 Fetter, F. A., Politics in Institutions oil the Pacific Coast....... 99. 242 The Need of Industrial Insurance.............. 06. 464 Fetter, Frank A., Chm., Committee Report on the Division of Work Between Public and Private Charities......................... 01. 118 Committee Report on Subsidies........... 01. 118 Fields, Mrs. J. T., Constitution of at District Conference........ 81. 124 Finance, Charitable, Committee Report, TUCKER, FRANK, Chin. 06. 196 Finances of Charitable Agencies, TUCKER, FRANK.............. 99. 312 Financial History of the Newark Bureau of A. C., GINGER, MISS M. C................................................... 06. 223 Financial Support and How to Get It, WILCOX, ANSLEY......... 97. 220 Finley, John H., The Child Problem in Cities.................. 91. 124 Finney, Rev. Thomas M., Report from Missouri............... 96. 60 Fire, The Hinckley, JACKSON, JAS. F......................... 95. 492 First Aid to the Injured, PINE, JOHN B........................ 83. 434

Page  32 32 CUMULATIVE INDEX Firvale Union Cottage Homes and Classification of Public Dependents, LINCOLN, MRS. ALICE N......................... 05. 403 Fish, Dr. William B., The Colony Plan........................ 92. 161 Fish, Dr. W. B., Chm., Committee Report on Custodial Care of Adult Idiots......................................... 91. 98 Fishberg, Maurice, Ethnic Factors in Immigration............. 06. 304 Fisher, Dr. C. Irving, The Other Infectious Disease: A Plea for a New Hospital. 89. 229 The Prevention of Insanity by the Timely Control of. the Dissolute. 88. 91 Fisher, Miss Lucy B., Visiting Nurse as an Economic Factor... 05. 263 Fisherman of San Francisco Bay, The, FISK, HENRY A........ 05. 383 Fisk, Henry A., Fishermen of San Francisco Bay.............. 05. 383 Fitzsimmons, Dr. T. C., Aims and Possibilities of the New (Pa.) Institution for Feeble-Minded and Epileptic............... 06. 273 Flanigan, John D., Benevolent Features of Trades-Unions...... 96. 154 Fletcher, Alice C., Allotment of Land to Indians.............. 87. 172 The Preparation of the Indian for Citizenship.................................. 92. 59 Fletcher, Dr. W. B., The Care and Treatment of the Insane..... 91. 62 1'isanity and Lunacy Laws................ 85. 154 imeport from Indiana............ 86. 312. 87. 38 Flint, M1rs. Agne-, 1:lport from California............ 98. 31. 99. 41 Flint, Dr. Austin, The Use and Abuse of Medical Charities in their Relation to Medical Education................... 98. 328 Florida, Report from, see Reports from States. Flower, Mrs. J. M., Report from Illinois..................... 91. 259 The Merit System in Public Institutions.. 96. 388 Flower, R. C., Report from Massachusetts................... 83. 53 Folks, Homer, The Care of Delinquent Children............... 91. 136 The Child and the Family.................... 92. 419 Disease and Dependence......................... 03. 334 Juvenile Probation............................ 06. 117 The Removal of Children from Almshouses..... 94. 119 Report from New York........................ 95. 369. 96. 71. 97. 419. 98. 74. 99. 81. 00. 339. 01. 81 Some Experiences as Commissioner of Public Charities in New York City................. 04. 134 State Supervision of Child-Caring Agencies..... 95. 209 The Work of the State Charities Aid Association 97. 278 Folks, Homer, Chm., Committee Report on Insane............. 00. 83 Committee Report on Municipal and County Charities................... 98. 106 Follett, M. D., Chm., Committee Report on State Boards of Charities................................................ 91. 154 Folwell, Wm. W., Report from Minnesota............ 96. 55. 97. 407 Special Field of National Legislation...... 01. 112 Forbes, Dr C. C., Report from Arkansas.... 85. 28. 89. 118. 93. 296

Page  33 CUMULATIVE INDEX 33 Forbes, James, Individual Vagrants............................03. 416 Force, M. F., The Administration of the Soldiers' Homes...... 97. 21 Forman, S. E., Standards of Living........................ 06. 342 Fort, Dr. Samuel J., The Training of an Idiotic Hand......... 95. 150 Foster, John N., Ten Years of Child-Saving Work in Michigan. 84. 132 Foulke, Dudley, Political Patronage in State Institutions....... 02. 324 Foundlings and Deserted Children, LESLEY, MRS. S. I.......... 81. 282 Fox, Hugh F., Boards of Children's Guardians............... 04. 311 Centralizing Tendencies in Administration..... 00. 106 The Relation of a State Board of Charities to Child-Caring Institutions and Societies..... 99. 384 Report from New Jersey.............. 98. 71. 99. 79 Fowler, William P., Emergency Work in Boston.............. 94. 45 Foy, Rev. F. A., Report from New Jersey.....................05. 69 Foy, Peter L.; Catholic Charities of St. Louis.......... 84. 159 France, Prisons and Penitentiaries in, DESPORTES, FERNAND.... 84. 276 Francis, Miss Vida H., The Delinquent Girl................ 06. 138 Frankel, Lee K., Convalescents and their Care.................05. 198 Unusual Forms of Relief................... 01. 314 The Uses of Material Relief................03. 17 Frankel, Lee K., Chi., Committee Report on Needy Families in their Homes.......................................... 06. 325 Free Medical Aid for the Poor, EMERSON, DR. CHARLES P.... 06. 168 Free Public Employment Offices, BARTRAM, CHARLES E........97. 207 Frelson, Gustav, Report from Wisconsin.... 94. 258. 95. 391. 96. 100 French, Mrs. L. C., Report from Tennessee.................... 1. 259 Friday, Miss Lucy, Work of the Probation Officer in Court.... 06. 136 FRIENDLY VISITING, MCDOWELL, MARY E...................... 6. 253 PUTNAM, MARION C..................... 87. 149 SMITH, ZILPHA D........................ 84. 69 WAYLAND, FRANCIS...................... 95. 526 as a Social Force, WELLER, CHARLES F.... 97. 199 FRIENDLY VISITOR, The Education of, SMITH, ZILPHA D........92. 445 The, ROWLAND, MRS. L. P................ 96. 256 FRIENDLY VISITOR'S Opportunity, The, RAEB, BRAINARD........ 92. 457 Work, The Class for Study of the, TENNEY, MRS. S. E............................ 92. 452 See also Visitors. Fulcomer, Daniel, Instruction in Sociology in Institutions of Learning................................................94. 67 Fullerton, Dr. Anna M., The Science of Nursing: A Plea....... 90. 130 Fulmer, Miss Harriet, Work of Visiting or District Nurse...... 02. 200 Open Air Treatment of Tuberculosis... 05. 487 Fulton, Levi S., Education as a Factor in Reformation.......... '86. 65 The Technologic System.................. 88. 215 Funds for a Charitable Society, Methods of Raising, UFFORD, WALTER S............................................... 06. 213 3 ci

Page  34 34 CUMULATIVE INDEX IG Gabriel, John H., Report from Colorado............. 95. 326. 96. 23 Gallagher, Miss Emma A., Report from Kentucky.............. 98. 50. 99. 59. 00. 318. 01. 59. 02. 49. 03. 52. 04. 42. 05. 49. 06. 29 Gardner, H. B., Report from Rhode Island.................................................. 99. 96. 00. 354. 01. 91. 02. 93 Gardner, W. T., Home-placing............................... 00. 237 Oregon and Pacific States' Needs............. 05. 130 Garrett, Philip C., Memorial Tribute to, NICHOLSON, TIMOTHY...................... 06. 494 SANBORN, F. B............................. 06. 491 Garrett, Philip C., Effective Charity.......................... 81. 141 The Essential Iniquity of the Spoils System.. 00. 34 The General Results of Charity Organization. 83. 149 Immigration, Its Objects and Objections.... 99. 158 The Indian Policy in its Relation to Crime and Pauperism......................... 92. 23 Necessity for Radical Prison Reform....... 97. 26 Our Duty to the African and Indian Races.. 87. 163 President's Address....................... 85. 11 The Proper Remedy for Defects in Our Imnmigration System.................... 87. 206 Report from Pennsylvania..........'...... 84. 52 Garrett, Philip C., Chin., Committee Report on the Merit Systenm in Public Institutions.............. 96. 368 Gaston, Dr. J. McFadden, Advantages of Hospital Treatment, with a Plan of Construction for Natural Ventilation........ 90. 169 Gates, Rev. George A., Divine Human Life, Conference Sermon. 92. 223 Gates, W. A., Alien and Non-Resident Dependents in Minnesota. 98. 276 Report from Minnesota................ 02. 63. 03. 6G Gates, W. A., Chin., Committee Report on Immigiration and Inter-State M igration................................... 99. 153 Gault, F. B., Report from Idaho...................... 98. 43. 99. 53 George, Mrs. Izetta, Denver's Plan (Charity Organization)... 94. 55 Georgia, Reports from, see Reports from States................ German "Inner Mission," The, HENDERSON, PROF. C. R.......:. 95. 72 German System of Government Insurance, HOFIMAN, FREDERIC L........................................... 05. 445 German Workingmen's Insurance, BROOKS, JOHN GRAHAM..... 05. 452 Gerry, Elbridge T., The Relation of Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children to Child-Saving Work............. 82. 127 Giddings, Franklin H., Is the Term Social Classes a Scientific Category?............................................... 95. 110 Giles, H. H., County Care of Insane Paupers.................. 82. 97 The Location. Construction and Management of Poor-houses................................ 84. 295

Page  35 CUMULATIVE INDEX 35 Giles, H. H., President's Address............................. 88. 14 Report from Wisconsin.......................... 75. 20. 80. xxv. 81. 97. 83. 43. 84. 58. 85. 91 The Wisconsin System of County Care of the Chronic Insane............................ 91. 78 Giles, H. H., Chm., Committee Report on State Boards of Charities................................... 86. 19 Gillespie, Rt. Rev. G. D., President's Address.................. 89. 18 The Reformation of Prisoners........ 88. 199 Taste and Recreation Regarded in the Construction of Buildings for Charity.... 80. 297 Gillespie, Rt. Rev. G. D., Chin., Committee Report on Boards of Charities........................ 83. 19 Gillespie, J. A., Report from Nebraska............... 84. 43. 85. 65. 86. 327. 87. 58. 88. 350. 89. 152. 90.333. 91. 259. 92. 252 Gillette, Dr. A. J., State Care of Indigent, Crippled and Deformed Children....................................... 04. 285 Gill, Dr. H. Z., State Prisons of the United States............. 83. 249 Gilliam, Robert, Report from Virginia............... 95. 385. 96. 97 Gilman, D. C., Advances in Charities and Correction........... 98. 430 Ginger, Miss Mina C, Financial History of the Newark Bureau of A. C............................. 06. 223 Report from New Jersey.............. 06. 45 Girl, The Delinquent, FRANCIS, MISS VIDA H................. 06. 138 Girls, Criminal, Reformation of, HALL, Miss E. A.............. 83. 188 Methods Most Helpful to, MORSE, MRS. FANNIE FRENCH. 04. 306 Reformatories and Their Inherent Characteristics, FAIRBANKS, W. G....................................... 01. 254 in Reformatories, WARDNER, MRS. L. B.................. 79. 178 Schools, Industrial Training in, SICKLES, MRS. LUCY M. 97. 127 Givens, Dr. John W., Report from Idaho... 93. 311. 94. 238. 95. 341 Gladden, Washington, Conference Sermon................... 93. 263 W.hat to do with the Workless Man.... 99. 141 Glance at Past, Present and Future, President's Address, NICHOLSON, TIMOTHY.................................... 02. 1 Glenn, John, Relief in Work.................................. 92. 440 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Richard Gundry........ 91. 253 Glenn, John M., The Need of Organization in Charity Work.... 99. 284 Report from Maryland................ 91. 259 Glenn, John M., Chm., Committee Report on Charity Organization................................................... 98. 430 Godding, Dr. W. W., Asylum Construction.................... 85. 105 The State in the Care of Its Insane...... 89. 63 Godoy, Jose F., Report from Mexico.......................... 01. 109 Goenaga, Dr. F. R., Insane Asylum of Porto Rico............. 02. 182 Golden Rule, The, Wu TING FANG........................... 01. 425

Page  36 36 CUMULATIVE INDEX Goldsmith, Dr. R. H., Juvenile Reformatories................. 90. 234 Goldsmith, Dr. William B., Care of the Insane at Home and Abroad.............................................. 85. 136 Goler, Dr. G. W., The Juvenile Delinquent.................... 96. 348 Gould E. R. L., Improved Dwellings.......................... 95. 511 The Statistical Study of Hereditary Criminality.................................. 95. 134 Government and Municipal Pensions, BUTLER, AMOS W........ 06. 470 Gower, C. A., Industrial Training in Juvenile Reformatories.... 88. 229 Grand Rapids Experiment, The (Municipal Charities), WALLIN, FRANKLIN B......................................... 98. 206 Grasty, Nathaniel G, Report from Maryland................... 06. 31 Greece and Italy, Out-Door Relief in, SANBORN, F. B.......... 90. 73 Green, David I., Treatment of Needy Families in Their Homes by Public Agencies....................................... 03. 291 Greene, H. M., The Obligation of Civilized Society to Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Children............................. 84. 264 Greer, Rev. David H., D. D., Medical Charities in Relation to Religious Societies...................................... 98. 332 Gregg, Rev F. M., D. D., Placing Out of Children............. 92. 415 Griffin, Dr. P. E., Report from South Carolina................. 85. 80 Griffith, Austin E., Report from Washington........ 04. 107. 05. 84.. Griffith, G. S., Report from Maryland................. 85. 52. 86. 318 Grimshaw, W. A., Report from Illinois........... 80. xxxiv. 84. 27 Grotophorst, H., Report from Wisconsin.................................................... 02. 102. 03. 107. 05. 86. 06. 74 Grout, C. S., Chm., Committee Report on Organization of Charity................................................. 00. 247 Growth and Arrested Development (Feeble-Minded), POWELL, Dr. F. M............................................... 99. 259 Guardianship of Minors in Poland, MOLDENHAUER, ALEX. DE... 84. 177 Guardian Societies for Insane, MOREL, DR. JULES.............. 99. 204 Guardian Society (Insane), Scheme for Regulation of........ 99. 228 Guenther, Richard, United States Legislation Respecting Immigration............................... 96. 302 Guenther, Richard, Chm., Committee Report on Immigration and Interstate Migratio................... 98. 262 Gundry, Dr. Richard, The Care of the Insane.......... 80. 101 The Care and Treatment of the Insane.. 90. 253 Non-Restraint in the Care of the Insane.. 85. 123 Report from Maryland.................. 80. xlii Gundry, Dr. Richard., Chm., Report of Committee on Insane... 86. 260 Gundry, Dr. Richard, Memorial Tribute to, GLENN, JOHN...... 91. 255 JOHNSON, ALEXANDER. 91. 255 WRIGHT, A. O....... 91. 253 Gutridge, A. W., Investigation................................ 05. 359 Report from Minnesota............. 04. 61. 05. 61

Page  37 CUMULATIVE INDEX 37 Gutridge, A. W.,Forestalling a Housing Problem in the Smaller Cities...................:. 02. 290 The Volunteer Worer..................... 03. 303 H Habits of Thrift, FAIRBANKS, MRS. M. E..................... 97. 138 Hadley, Prof. Arthur T., Science and Sentiment in Economic Policy...................95. 117 Hagar, Clarence F., Report from Colorado.......... 05. 37. 06. 19 Hale, Rev. Edward E., Chin., Committee Report on Tramps.... 77. 102 Hale, George S., Medical Charities.................. 75. 52 Hale, W. E., Report from California................. 93. 296. 94. 233 Haley, Rev. T. B., Report from Missouri.86. 325. 87. 56. 89. 152. 92. 252 Hall, Edward A., Destitute and Neglected Children, Relations Between IHome and Institution Care................... 99. 177 Hall, Miss E. A., Reformation of Criminal Girls.............. 83. 188 Hall, Frank D., Report from North Dakota.......... 04. 88. 06. 58 Hall, George W., Prison Discipline........................... 85. 301 Hallam, Oscar, Needed Reforms in Criminal Procedure........ 05. 300 Hallowell Anna, Chm., Committee Report on Kindergartens.... 86. 148 Hamblin, Dr. J. B., Report from Arizona.... 95. 322. 96. 21. 98. 30 Hamilton, Mrs. J. G., Report from North Dakota...... 96. 81. 97. 426 Hammond, George F., Public Institutions, Past, Present and Future.................................. 92. 400 Hampton, Isabel A., Training Schools for Nurses.............. 90. 140 Hancock, W. S., Civil Service Rules in State Institutions..... 00. 195 Hanlon, George O., Care of the Chronic Insane.......... 96. 176 Hanly, J. Frank, Efficiency in State Charitable and Correctional Institutions............................................ 06. 401 Harding, Eva, The Place of the Kindergarten in Child Saving.. 00. 243 Harris, William T., Compulsory Education.................... 85. 228 Harrison, C. M., Justifiable Paroles.......................... 98. 425 Harrison, George S., Neglected, Destitute and Friendless Children............................................... 75. 82 Harrison, W. S., Report from Mississippi..................... 02. 66 Hart, Hastings H., Comparative Statistics of Reformatories for Children............................. 85. 387 Common Sense and Co-operation in Child Saving.................... 03. 180 The Economic Aspect of the Child Proble.............................. 92. 191 Immigration and Crime................... 96. 302 Interstate Migration................... 95. 248 Interstate Migration of Paupers........... 96. 299 Juvenile Reformatory of Twentieth Century, The........................... 05. 101 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Albert G. Byers. 91. 553

Page  38 38 CUMULATIVE INDEX Hart, Hastings H., Memorial Tribute to A. O. Wright...... 06. 498 Placing Out Children in the West......... 84. 143 President's Address...................... 93. 1 Report from Illinois............. 02. 41. 03. 44 Report from Minnesota.... 83. 308. 84. 41. 85. 61. 86. 323. 87. 53. 89. 147. 90. 332. 92. 252 Salaries in Reformatories................. 85. 399 State Supervision of Private Charities..... 02. 130 Hart, H. H., Chm., Committee Report on State Boards of Charities............................ 89. 89 Committee Report on Children............ 06. 87 Haskell, Prof., Report from Colorado......................... 80. xxxii Hatch, Mrs. D. F., Report from Montana............ 92. 252. 93. 365 Hatch, H. F., Chm., Committee Report on Prisons and Prison Discipline............................................... 90. 291 Hathaway, S. J., Children's Homes in Ohio.................... 90. 208 Hawthorne, Julian, Address on Crime......................... 85. 413 Healing Touch, The, Conference Sermon, WINES, REV. F. H., LL. D................................................... 00. 10 Heart of the Problem, The, SMITH, REV. S. G., D. D........... 01. 12 Hebberd, Robert W., Placing Out Children: Dangers of Careless Methods....................... 99. 171 Report from New York........................ 02. 79. 03. 83. 04; 78. 05. 71 Hebrew Charities During the Middle Ages, SONNENSCHEIN, RABBI S. H.............................................. 83. 323 Heg, James E., County Care of Insane Under State Supervision. 96 181 Report from Wisconsin.97. 439. 98. 101. 99. 107. 01. 103 Henderson, Charles R., Arguments Against Public Out-Door Relief........................... 91. 39 Conference Sermon, The Greatest Thing........................... 97. 352 Co-operation of the Churches......... 84. 80 The German "Inner Mission"......... 95. 72 The Merit System in Public Institutions of Charity and Correction... 96. 382 Neglected Children in Neglected Communities........................ 01. 224 Politics in Charitable and Penal Institutions.......................... 98. 237 Poor Laws of the United States...... 97. 256 The Relation of Philanthropy to Social Order and Progrcss, President's Address......................... 99.. 1 The Scope and Influence of a' Charity Organization Society........... 96. 248 Theory and Practice of Juvenile Courts........................... 04. 358

Page  39 CUMULATIVE INDEX 39 Henderson, Charles R., Chm., Committee Report on Public Relief................................................... 94. 106 Committee Report on Working Men's Insurance and Old Age Pensions 06. 452 Henderson, L. O., Report from Nevada....................... '6. 65 Henry, J. W., Aid to Discharged Prisoners................... 83. 231 Herdman, Dr. W. James, Reception Hospitals for Insane....... 03. 434 Hereditary Pauperism, see Pauperism. Heymann, Michel, Conditions and Needs of the South......... 03. 370 Encouragement of Small Industries........ 03. 315 Jewish Child Saving in the United States... 97. 108 Report front Louisiana...... 94. 240. 95. 349. 96. 43. 97. 398. 98. 52. 99. 60. 00. 320. 01. 60). 02. 51. 03. 54. 04. 46. 05. 51. 06. 30 Higgins, Alice L., Comparative Advantages of Municipal and C. O. S. Lodging Houses................................ 04. 148 Highton, E. R., Report fromn California............... 84. 21. 85. 29 Hiles, Mrs. O. J., The Mission Indians of California........... 87. 187 Hill, Hamilton Andrews, Immigration........................ 75. 85 Hill, J. Nevin, Arguments Against Public Out-Door Relief..... 91. 36 Hill, Robert W., Children of "Shinbone" Alley................ 87. 229 Education for the Indian................... 87. 184 Indian citizenship........................ 92. 34 Report from Indian Territory............. _ 88. 318. 90. 318. 91. 259. 94. 239. 95. 346. 96. 38 Report from Oregon.............. 86. 334. 87. 65 Hilles, Charles Dewey, Expansiorn as Applied to Juvenile Reformatories.............................................. 01. 269 Hilles, Charles Dewey, Chin., Committee Report on Children... 05. 94 Hillman, Walter, Report from Mississippi............ 88. 346. 89. 152 Hiser, Perry N., Compulsory Education in its Relation to the Charity Problem....................................... 00. 277 Hitchcock, Dr. Edward, What the College May do to Prevent Insanity.......................................... 85. 116 Hitchcock, Miss Jane Elizabeth, Chm., Visiting Nursing, Report on................................................. 05. 257 Hite, J. C., Moral Elevation in Reformatories: What is Required to Produce It?..................................... 86. 59 Hoadly, George, The Pardoning Power...................... 86. 77 Hoag, Miss Julia S., Report from New York......... 93. 379. 94. 251 Hobbs, Mrs. J. B., Police Matrons........................... 84. 293 Hodges, Rev. George, D. D., The Progress of Compassion, Conference Sermon.............. 01. 1 Religion in the Settlement........ 96. 150 Hoffman, Frederic L., German System of Government Insurance-................... 05. 445 Social and Medical Aspects of Child Labor........................ 03. 138

Page  40 40 CUMULATIVE INDEX Hoguet, Henry L., Industrial Training in the New York Catholic Protectory......................................... 88. 2l1 Hoke, Matt, Report from Tennessee.................. 96. 91. 98. 92 Holb, L. H., Report from Oklahoma.......................... 05. 76 Holden, E. O., Arguments Against Public Out-Door Relief...... 91. 46 Report from iscosin....................... 91. 259 Hollander, Jacob, Report from Maryland............. 03. 57. 04. 51 Holt, George D., The Relation of Charity Organization to Social Problems......................................... 91. 118 Home or the Institution? MULRY, THOMAS M.................. 98. 362 Home Placing, GARDNER, W. T................................ 00. 237 Homes for Workingmen, Better, WHITE, ALFRED T........... 85. 365 HOSPITAL Building, WELLS, FRANCIS......................... 76. 114 Cleanliness, WYMAN, DR. HAL C................... 91. 53 A Floating, ROBINSON, MARIA S.................... 95. 269 Management, JUDKINS, DR. DAVID.................. 90. 163 Municipal, The, ANCKER, DR. ARTHUR B............ 88. 171 New England, CHENEY, AIRS. E. D........ 81. 88 HOSPITALS or Asylums for the Insane? LORD, HENRY W....... 79. - 83 of Brooklyn, The Public,'PILCHER, DR. LEWIS S.... 90. 177 (Buildings), Discussion on....................... 78. 140 Children in. QUINTARD, L. W...................... 95. 275 Committee Report, HURD, DR. HENRY M., Chi..... 90. 155 WYMAN, DR. HAL C., Chm..... 91. 53 for Contagious Diseases,' Requirements for, NICOLL, MATTHIAS, J.................................. 06. 175 Discussion on.................. 90. 389. 91. 352, 350 Dispensaries anil Nursing, Committee Report, BYERS, JOSEPH P., C................... 02. 200 and Infirmaries, Committee Report, KING, FRANCIS T., C..................................... 89. 57 for the Insane, Advanced Professional Work in, COWLES, DR. EDWARD.............. 98. 285 and Relief Societies, Co-operation Between, WALPOLE, W. R............................. 05. 228 HOSPITALS, for the Sick: Their Construction and Management, CONNER, DR. P. S............................ 86. 237 Treatment, Advantages of, with a Plan of Construction for Natural Ventilation, GASTON, DR. J. MCFADDEN.................................... 90. 169 Housing Conditions in Philadelphia, THE OCT.AVIA HILL ASSOCIATION..................................... 06. 367 Discussion on...................................... 06. 580 Housing Problem, Forestalling: in the Smaller Cities, GUTRIDGE, A. W.................................... 02. 290 Housing Reform in Boston, LINCOLN, MRS. ALICE N........ 02. 355 Housing Reform in Chicago, HUNTER, ROBERT............... 02. 343 Howard, Mrs. Nettie F., Report from Iowa................... 96. 39

Page  41 CUMULATIVE INDEX 41 Howe, Dr. G. E., The Family System (Juvenile Delinquents).. 80. 209 Howey, Mrs. D. F., Report from Montana........................................ 94. 248. 95. 361. 96. 62. 98. 67. 99. 74 Hoyt, Dr. Charles S., Alien Paupers, Insane and Criminal, in New York........................ 87. 197 History of Immigration................ 93. 106 Immigration......................... 95. 245 President's Address................. 88. 8 Repbrt from New York............... 75. 16. 78. 28. 79. 20. 80. xliv. 81. 240. 82. 68. 83. 57. 84. 46. 85. 69. 86. 329. 87. 62. 88. 355. 89. 157 Hoyt, Dr. Charles S., Chin., Committee Report on Immigration....... 81. 217. 85. 407. 86. 251. 87..192 Colmmittee Report on State Boards of Charities.......................... 78. 5 Hoyt, Henry M., The Evolution of the Prison................. 85. 286 Hubbard, C. M., The Tenement House Problem in Cincinnati... 03. 352 Hughes, Dr. C. H., Definition and Treatment of Insanity....... 84. 236 Hughes, Rev. J. A., Report from Florida............ 00. 304. 01. 49 Hull House as a Sociological Laboratory, LATHROP, Miss JULIA C.............................................. 94. 313 Humanity and Economics, with Special Reference to Child Labor, WILMER, REV. C. R................................ 03. 166 Hunt, Dr. E. M., Report from New Jersey..................................... 85. 68. 86. 328. 87. 62. 89. 156. 92. 252. 93. 376 Hunter, Robert, Housing Reform in Chicago.................. 02. 343 Relation Between Social Settlements and Charity Organizations................... 02. 302 Hunting, Rev. S. S., Report from Iowa.............. 88. 326. 89. 133 Huntington, Rev. William Reed, D.D., The Theocratic Republic. 98. 11 Huntoon, B. B., Education of the Blind....................... 86. 234 Institutions for the Blind a Proper Part of.Public Education........................ 82. 212 Report from Kentucky.90. 321. 91. 259. 92. 252. 95. 249 H1ird, Dr. Henry M., Chm., Committee Report on Hospitals... 90. 155 Hurley, T. D., Necessity for Lawyer in Juvenile Court......... 05. 172 Hutchinson, Dr. Woods, Open Air Treatment for Consumptivcs. 05. 250 Hyslop, Rev. N. M., Report from Nevada............ 94. 249. 95. 365 Idaho, Reports from, see Reports from States. Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Children, The Obligation of Civilized Society to, GREENE, H. M................................ 84. 264 Idiotic Hand, The Training of an, FORT, DR. SAMUEL J........ 95. 155 Idiots, Colony Care for Adult, KNIGHT, DR. GEORGE H........ 91. 107 Idiots, Custodial Care of Adult, FISH, DR. WILLIAM B......... 91. 98

Page  42 42 CUMULATIVE INDEX Idiots, Provision for, Committee Report, KERLIN, DR. ISAAC A., Chm...................................... 84. 246. 85. 158 Discussion on.............................. 84. 366. 85. 444 Illinois, Reports from, see Reports from States. Imbecile, The Education and Custody of the, MOTT, ALICE J... 94. 168 Imbecile and Epileptic versus The Taxpayer and the Community, BARR, DR. MARTIN W............................. 02. 161 Imbecile, The Moral, KERLIN, DR. I. N........................ 90. 244 Imbeciles, Discussion on............................ 86. 421. 91. 331 Immigrants, National Legislation for Protection of, etc., SANBORN, F. B..................................... 76. 162 Immigrants in New York, MANN, DR. EDWARD C.............. 75. 23 Immigrants and Tramps, The Law Affecting, WILLIS, HARVEY A.................................................. 97. 355 IMMIGRATION, HILL, HAMILTON A........................... 75. 85 Chinese, WENDTE, REV. C.................. 95. 425 Committee Report, GARRETT, PHiLI: C, C tm..... 88. 185 HOYT, DR. C. S., Chn...................... 85. 407 LEE, JOSEPH, Chn.......................... 06. 279 VAN ANTWERP, J. H., Chnz............... 90. 279 WRIGHTINGTON, S. C., Cin.................. 91. 187 Discussion on.................. 75. 96. 76. 183. 81. 218. 86. 410. 87. 300. 90. 371. 91. 385. 06. 591 and Crime, HART, H. H........................ 96. 302 Effects of, on the Community, WRIGHTINGTON, S. C....................................... 90. 281 Ethnic Factors in, FISHBERG, MAURICE........... 06. 304 History of, Committee Report, HOYT, DR. CHAS. S., Chn.................................. 93. 106 and Industrial Saturation, WEYL, WALTER E.... 98. 268 and Insanity, SANBORN, F. B.................... 05. 363 and Inter-State Migration, Committee Report, GATES, W. A., Ch................... 99. 153 GUENTHER, RICHARD, Ch.................. 98. 262 HOYT, DR. C. S., Chn..................... 95. 245 SANBORN, F. B., Chm..................... 92. 76 and Inter-State Migration, Discussion.......... 96. 467 Laws, How Made More Effective, BRANDENBURG, BROUGHTON............................... 06. 299 Nativities of Inmates of Institutions in N. Y. City, MATHEWS, BYRON C. 97. 282 New, Unfavorable Features and Remedies, WILLIAMS, WILLIAM................. 06. 285 Its Objects and Objections, GARRETT, PHILIP C.. 99. 158 Race Effects of, MARSHALL, L. C.............. 06. 314 Regulation of, SANBORN, F. B............. 87. 212 The Restriction of, BIDDLE, CADWALADER....... 91. 197 and Settlement Laws, Discussion on............ 99. 389

Page  43 CUMULATIVE INDEX 48 IMMIGRATION, System, The Proper Remedy for Defects in, GARRETT, PHILIP C......................... 87. 206 United States Legislation Respecting, GUENTHER, RICHARD................................... 96. 302 Improved Dwellings, GOULD, E. R. L.......................... 95. 511 Improvidence and Its Remedies, TREVELYAN, SIR C........... 81. 163 Increase of Insanity, WRIGHT, A. O.......................... 84. 228 Indeterminate Sentence a Necessity, BURCHARD, G. W......... 82. 189 Indeterminate Sentence, Discussion on........................ 82. 196 Indeterminate Sentences, SPALDING, WARREN F................ 97. 46 Indiana, Reports from, see Reports from States. INDIAN and African Races, Our Duty to, GARRETT, PHILIP C.. 87. 163 Allotment of Land to, FLETCHER, ALICE C............. 87. 172 of California, The Mission, HILES, MRS.. J......... 871 187 Citizenship, HILL, ROBERT W......................... 92. 34 Education for the, HILL, ROBERT W.................. 87. 184 The Education of the, SLOCUM, WILLIAM F., Jr........ 92. 70 Mingling with Whites, Advantages of, PRATT, CAPT. R. H............................................. 92. 45 Policy, in Its Relation to Crime and Pauperism, Committee Report, GARRETT, PHILIP C., Chn.......... 92. 23 Preparation of, for Citizenship, FLETCHER, ALICE C...... 92. 59 View of the Difficulties Besetting Him, STUART, JAMES M...................................... 92. 66 Indian Territory, Report from, see Reports from States. Indigent, Crippled and Deformed Children, State Care of, GILLETTE, DR. A. J......................................... 04. 285 Individual, The Development of the (Charity Organization), SMALLWOOD, W. C.......................................00. 265 Individual Vagrants, FORBES, JAMES.......................... 03. 416 Indoor and Outdoor Relief, Committee Report on, SANBORN, F. B., Chm........................................ 90 73 TRUSDELL, REV. C. G., Chm......................... 93. 94 INDUSTRIAL Agencies, Ethical Value of, NICHOLS, WM. I...... 04. 233 Causes of Juvenile Delinquency, KELLEY, MRS. FLORENCE.................................... 05. 140 Employment as a Factor in the Reformation of Girls, DEBOLT, MRS. L. N.....................00. 214 Insurance, The Need of, FETTER, FRANK A........ 06. 464 Reformatory Institutions, Committee Report, ST. JOHN, J. E., Chn.......................... 99. 336 INDUSTRIAL and Technological Training, PADDOCK, SARAH S.... 84. 207 Training, Discussion on........................... 88. 379 Training for Boys, ALLISON. JAMES.............. 06. 145 Training for Girls, BOYD, MRS. MARY K........... 88. 235 Training for Girls, Methods of, KIRKWOOD, LOUISE J..................................... 85. 219 Training in Juvenile Reformatories, GOWER, C. A.. 88. 229

Page  44 44 CUMULATIVE INDEX INDUSTRIAL Training in the New York Catholic Protectory, HoGUET, HENRY L............................... 88. 219 Training School for Boys, The Illinois, DUDLEY, OSCAR L...................................... 91. 145 Infants, Destitute, State Care of, SHURTLEFF, H. S............. 89 1 Infants in Institutions, Treatment of, Discussion on........... 82. 203 Infectious Disease, The Other: A Plea for a New Hospital, FISHER, DR. C. IRVING.................................... 89. 57 Infirmary Building, BRINKERHOFF, ROELIFF.................... 79. 104 Infirmary, see also Almshouse. Ingersoll, D. W., The Minnesota State Reform School......... 85. 283 INSANE, After Care of the,- Discussion......................... 97. 464 American and Foreign Asylums, GOLDSMITH, DR. W. B. 81. 31 Assistance of Destitute Convalescent and Recovered Patients, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD................... 05. 339 Association for the Protection of, Report from, CHEVAILLIER, MISS A. A............................. 81. 317 Asylum of Porto Rico, GOENAGA, DR. F. R........... 02. 182 Buildings for, Congregate and Segregate, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD.............................. 83. 441 Buildings for the Criminal, CHANNING, DR. WALTER.. 79. 114 Buildings for, Discussion on......................... 77. 158 Buildings for the Management and Treatment of WILBUR, DR. H. B............................... 77. 134 Care and Treatment of the, FLETCHER, DR. W. B...... 91. 62 Care of, GUNDRY, DR. RICHARD............ 80. 101. 90. 253 Care of, MACK, I. F............................... 99. 196 Care of the Filthy Classes of, SMITH, DR. STEPHEN... 85. 148 Classes for Which State Should Provide, SEARCY, DR. J. T............................................. 03. 418 Colony System as Proposed in Michigan, HURD, DR. HENRY M.......................... 87. 215 The Colored, BABCOCK, DR. J. W...................... 95. 164 Care of, Provision for, Treatment of, etc., Committee Report, BABCOCK, DR. J. W., Chm........... 95. 164 BRUSH, DR. EDWARD N., Chin................... 94. 201 CHAPIN, DR. J. B., Chin............... 84. 222. 85. 94 GODDING, DR. W. W., Chm..................... 89. 63 FLETCHER, DR. W. B., Chin..................... 91.. 62 FOLKS, HOMER, Chm............................. 00. 83 Care of, Treatment of, Etc., Committee ReportsGUNDRY, DR. RICHARD, Chmn...................... 86. 260 KEENE, DR. GEORGE F., Chin..................... 01. 155 LATHROP, MISS JULIA C., Chm................ 02. 166 RUTTER, DR. H. C., Chin......................... 97. 76 SMITH, SAMUEL G., Chn........................ 03. 418 STEARNS, DR. WILLIAM J., Ch............ 98. 282

Page  45 CUMULATIVE INDEX INSANE, Discussion on............. 86. 421. 87. 311. 83. 384. 89. 277. 91. 319. 98. 456. 01. 357. 360. 02. 509 The Commitment of the, MOULTON, DR. A. R......... 91. 6& Commitment.and Detention of, Committee Report, SMITH, DR. STEPHEN, Chm..... 88. 25. 90. 251. 92. 94 Chronic, Care of, HANLEN, GEORGE O................ 96. 176. Chronic, Provision for the, VIVIAN, DR. JOHN H...... 85. 112' Chronic, Care of, WARDNER, DR. H.................... 83. 393 Chronic, Discussion on.............................. 83. 404 Chronic, Poor, The, Committee Report, BELL, DR. SAMUEL, Ch................................... 96. 176 Chronic, Poor, Discusson........................... 96. 437 Chronic, Care of, in Families, SANBORN, F. B......... 86. 253 County Care of, Under State Supervision, HEG, JAMES E...................................... 96. 181 Criminal, Care of the, LONG, DR. O. R................ 96. 196 Curability of, EARLE, DR. PLINY..................... 81. 19 Destitute Convalescents; After Care of, DEWEY, DR. R ICHARD........................................ 97. 76 Detached Wards for, WINES, F. H.................... 82. 268 Detached Wards for, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD........... 82. 273 Diet and Employment for, MILLER, DR. CHARLES A.... 86. 277 Duty of the State to the, BRUSH, DR. EDWARD N...... 94. 201 Essentials of an Adequate System of Care for, PETERSON, DR. FREDERICK.............................. 02. 166 Female Patients, Medical and Moral Care of, CLEAVES, DR. MARGARET B................................ 79. 73 Governmental Supervision of the, WILBUR, DR. H. B.. 76. 72 at Home and Abroad, Care of, GOLDSMITH, DR. WILLIAM B.......................................... 85. 136 Hospital Buildings for, Discussion on................ 78. 150' Hospital Building for the, WINES, F. H............... 78. 143 Hospital, Discussion on............................. 81. 322' Hospitals of Europe, WINES, F. H.................... 79. 59' Hospitals, Voluntary or Self-Commitment to, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD.................................... 91. 71 Improvements-in, Medical Care for the, EASTMAN, DR. B. D............................................ 00. 89 Labor, Compensation of, SMITH, DR. STEPHEN........ 84. 222' Legal Requirements for the Commitment of the, RICHARDSON, DR. ALONZO B.......................... 01. 165 Management of, Without Mechanical Restraints, BODINE, DR. JOSEPH L............................. 76. 90' Moral and Criminal Responsibility, BRYCE, DR. P..... 88. 75' Need of National Association for Protection of, BEARD, D R. G. M........................................ 80. 144 The New York Law for the State Care of the, CRAIG, OSCAR.......................................... 91. 85E

Page  46 46 CUMULATIVE INDEX INSANE, Non-Restraint in the Care of, GUNDRY, DR. RICHARD.. 85. 123 Non-Restraint in their Treatment, SHAW, DR. J. C.. 80. 137 Paupers, the Construction of Hospitals for, CHANNING, DR. WALTER............................ 80. 292 Paupers, County Care of, GILES, H. H................ 82. 97 Paupers, County Care of, Discussion on..... 82. 102. 231, 256 Poor, The Duty of the States Towards, CHAPIN, DR. J. B........................................... 74. 4 Poor Legislation, Discussion on..................... 74. 7 Practical Hints on the Care and Treatment of the, ARCHIBALD, DR. O. W............. 88. 95 in Prisons, Special Treatment of, MOREL, DR. JULES.. 96. 19n Progress in Care of, in the Last Twenty Years, Committee Report, RIGGS, DR. EUGENE C., Chm....... 93. 222 Public Policy in the Care of the, SMITH, REV. S. G.... 00. 83 Public Policy in the Care of, Up to the 20th Century, KEENE, DR. GEORGE F.. 01. 155 Reception Hospitals for, HERDMAN, DR. W. JAMES..... 03. 434 The Relation of the Public to the, CLARK, DR. DANIEL. 97. 83 Report on, from Minnesota, LEONARD, DR. W. H...... 81. 341 Report on, from New Hampshire, BANCROFT, DR. J. P. 81. '23 Report on, from 'Pennsylvania, CLEAVES, DR. MARGARET A....................................... 81. 27 Report on, from Vermont, ALLEN, DR. S. J............ 81. 34 Restraints, Mechanical, Discussion on................. 76. 106 Restriction of Personal Liberty in the Care of the, RICHARDSON, DR. A. B............................ 86. 267 Small Asylums for the Chronic, WRIGHT, A. 0....... 86. 280 Some Outlines of State Policy in the Care of, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD.................................... 92. 125 The State in the Care of Its, GODDING, DR. W. W..... 89. 63 State Care of Indigent, LUTHER, DR. DILLER.......... 78. 91 State Legislation for the, A Committee Report, SMITH, DR. STEPHEN, and SANBORN, F. B........ 89. 78 State Legislation for the, SMITH, DR. STEPHEN........ 90. 251 State Supervision of, BURR, DR. C. B.................. 02. 174 Their Right to Liberty, SEGUIN, DR. E. C............. 80. 166 Trained Nurses in Hospitals, SMITH, MARION E....... 94. 102 Training Schools for Attendants in Asylums for the, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD........................... 87. 221 The Treatment of, ALLEN, DR. NATHAN............. 76. 35 Village Care of, LATHROP, JULIA C.................... 02. 185 The Willard Asylum for, OGDEN, MRS.............. 80. lxxiv The Wisconsin System of County Care of the Chronic, GILES, H. H.................................... 91. 78 W isconsin System, Discussion........................ 96. 446 Work for, in Various States, Discussion on........... 75. 28 See also Insanity.

Page  47 CUMULATIVE INDEX 47 INSANITY, Committee Report, BANCROFT, DR., Chin............ 80. 90 CHAPIN, DR. J. B., Chi....................... 77. 1 DEWEY, DR. R. S., Chnl...................... 87. 215 RUTTER, DR. H. C., Chin..................... 99. 189 Committee Minority Report, CHAPIN, DR. J. B....... 80. 99 Definition of, HUGHES, DR. C. H................... 04. 236 t Discussion on....... 75. 18. 29. 78. 97. 80. 113. 84. 393. 397. 85. 435. 441. 90. 427. 94. 292. 00. 396 Following the Keely Treatment for Inebriety, DEWEY, DR. RICHARD......................... 92. 142 A Glance at, and the Management of the Insane, EARLE, DR. PLINY............................... 79. 42 The Increase of, SANBORN, F. B.................... 95. 186 The Increase of, WRIGHT, A. 0..................... 84. 228 Increase, Discussion on.......................... 80. 286 and Lunacy Laws, FLETCHER, DR. W B............. 85. 154 Medical and Legal, TOURTELLOT, DR. L. A........... 76. 66 in the Middle States, MANN, DR. EDWARD C......... 76. 54 New Statutes of Pennsylvania Relating to, Committee Report.................................... 74. 43 The Prevention of, MCCOWAN, DR. JENNIE......... 82. 36 The Prevenition of, by the Timely Control of the Dissolute, FISHER, DR. C. IRVING.................. 88. 91 Statistics on, LUTHER, DR. DILLER.................. 76. 151 Trials, Expert Testimony in, RUTTER, DR. H. C...... 99. 189 What the College May Do to Prevent. HITCHCOCK, D R. EDWARD................................... 85. 116 Discussion on.................................. 82. 43, 82 Institutional Childhood, The Evils of, LINDLEY, DR. WALTER.. 05. 125 Institution, Problems of an, WHEELER, WALTER A............. 95. 204 Insurance, Industrial, The Need of, FETTER, F. A.............. 06. 457 Insurance from an Employer's Standpoint, VANDERLIP, E. A... 06. 457 Interference of a Municipality in Behalf of Its Wards, BICKNELL, ERNEST P.......................................... 98. 375 Intermarriage of Cousins, The, LONGSTRETH, W. V........... 06. 261 International Congress for the Protection of Children, Report on, and Resolutions Adopted.............................. 83. 489 Interstate Migration, HART, H. H............................. 95. 248 Invalids, Migration of, ELIOT, REV. SAMUEL A................. 92. 90 Investigation, GUTRIDGE, A. W................................ 05. 359 Investigation and Registration, The Value of, FAIRCHILD, CHARLES S............................................... 83. 144 Investigation, The Value and the Dangers of, DEVINE, EDWARD T. 97. 193 Iowa, Reports from, see Reports from States. Ireland, Rt. Rev. John, The System of Charities in the Catholic Church.................................................. 86. 38 Ishmael, The Tribe of, MCCULLOCH, REV. OSCAR C............ 88. 154.

Page  48 48 CUMULATIVE INDEX J Jackson, James F., Chm., Committee Report on Needy Families. 05. 344 Jackson, James F., The Hinckley Fire........................ 95. 492 The Management of Jails................ 00. 52 Outdocr Relief as Administered in St. Paul. 96. 264 Report from Minnesota.. 99. 69. 00. 327. 01.* 68 The Rural Tramp......................... 03. 401 A Winter's Work in St. Paul............. 94. 30 Jackson, Rev. Sheldon, Report from Alaska 93. 296. 94. 232. 95. 321. 97. 376. 98. 29. 00. 294. 01. 40. 02. 27. 03. 28. 04. 22 Jacobs, Miss Bertha, Work of One State...................... 04. 317 JAILS, Construction and Management, FINCH, C. M........... 01. 57 The Construction and Management of, WRIGHT, A. O... 85. 304 Construction, Simplicity in, BICKNELL, ERNEST P........ 97. 58 The Discipline of County, PERKINS, JOSEPI............. 78. 102 Discussion on................................. 85. 427. 00. 433 The Management of, JACKSON, JAMES F............... 00. 52 Plans for, Discussion on................................ 82. 277 and Poorhouses in the Northwestern States, WATKINS, C. S.............................................. 79. 96 and Prison Work of the W. C. T. U. in Nebraska, NEWMAN, ANNIE F................................... 83. 463 James, George A., A Boston Wood Yard...................... 81. 161 Jamme, Miss Marie R., District Nurse in Co-operative Work.. 05. 280 Jenkins, Frederick L., The Police and Juvenile Crime.......... 84. 285 Johnson, Alexander, Co-operation a Necessity................ 92. 428 Essentials of Organization................ 99. 291 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Richard Gundry. 91. 254 Memorial Tribute to Oscar C. McCulloch. 92. 239 The Mother State and Her Weaker Children, President's Address........... 97. 1 Personal Service on the Part of Directors. 95. 525 Relief Work............................ 84. 77 Report from Illinois............ 88. 314. 89. 125 Report from Indiana............ 92. 252. 93. 316 Johnson, Alexander, Chin., Committee Report on Charity Organization..................... 86. 168 Committee Report on Care of Feeble Minded.......................... 96. 207 Committee Report on Segregation of Defectives......................... 03. 245 Johnson, J. H., Report from Alabama...... 86. 303. 87. 293. 89. 117 Johnson, W. L. A., Poor-Farms and Pauperism in Kansas..... 00. 125 Johnston, Grace, Boy and Girl on Furlough................. 98. 384 Johnstone, Edward R., Chm., Committee Report on Defectives.. 06. 235 Johnstown Flood, The: A Lesson in the Value of Charity Organization, EMERY, L. S............................... 90. 43

Page  49 CUMULATIVE INDEX 49 Johnstown Flood Relief, OGDEN, ROBERT C..................... 06. 473 Jones, I. C., Chm., Committee Report on Statistics............ 85. 387 Jones, S. M., Charity or Justice - Which?.................... 99. 133 Jordan, Walter M., Report from Montana............ 01. 73. 02. 70 Joyner, Archdeacon I. N., Report from South Carolina......................... 00. 356. 01. 93. 02. 94. 03. 99. 04. 97 Judkins, Dr. David, Hospital Management.................... 90. 163 Jukes Family, The, DUGDALE, R. L............................ 77. 81 JUVENILE COURTS, Committee Report on, LINDSEY, BEN B., - Chm..................... 05. 150 Discussion on.... 04. 568, 629. 05. 470. 06. 456, 470 Judge and Probation Officer, MACK, JULIAN W................................... 06. 123 Mission of, STUBBS, JUDGE GEO. W......... 04. 350 Necessity for the Lawyer in, HURLEY, T. D. 05. 172 Theory and Practice of, HENDERSON, CHARLES R........................... 04. 358 See also Probation. Juvenile Crime and the Police, JENKINS, FREDERICK L.......... 84. 285 Juvenile Delinquency and Its General Treatment, DRAKE, L. D. 00. 208 JUVENILE DELINQUENTS, Committee Report, ALLISON JAMES, Chmn. 02. 250 CHAPIN, T. F., Chm........... 03. 206 CHARLTON, T. J., Chm......... 90. 214 Discussion on...................... 03. 513 The, GOLER, G. W., M. D............ 96. 348 ALLISON, JAMES................ 98. 411 The Mental Capacity of, NIBECKER, FRANKLIN HORATIO..............01. 262 Obligations of the State to, FAIRBANKS, WV. G......... 95. 238 Reformation of, Through Juvenile Court, LINDSEY, BEN B......... 03. 20B See also Delinquent Children. Juvenile Offenders, The Massachusetts Statutes, Etc., TUFTS, GARDNER................................................ 80. 200 Juvenile Offenders, Treatment of, MADDISON, ARTHUR G...... 84. 195 Juvenile Reformatories, see Reformatories and Reform Schools. K Kanouse, T. D., Report from Dakota. 85. 37 Report from South Dakota......... 90. 352. 91. 259 Kansas, Reports from, see Reports from States. Kearny, J. A., Report from Louisiana.......................... 92. 252 Keeley, Miss Sarah F., The Reformation of Prisoners......... 88. 206 Reform Work for Girls............ 92. 179 4 CI

Page  50 CUMULATIVE INDEX Keene, Dr. George F., The Genesis of the Defective........... 04. 397 Municipal Responsibility in the Spread of Tuberculosis....... 99. 118 Public Policy in the Care of the Insane up to the Twentieth Century..................... 01. 155 Report from Rhode Island...... 88. 363. 89. 169. 90. 351. 03. 98 Kelley, Mrs. Florence, Child Labor Laws...................... 04. 268 Factory Inspection, Use and Abuse of.. 03. 135 Industrial Causes of Juvenile Delinquecy. 05. 148 Moral Dangers of Premature Employentt.............................. 06. 157 The lWorking Child................... 96. 161 Kellogg, Charles D., Charity Organization as an Educating Force............................... 2. 449 The Economic View of Preventive Work Amzong Children.................. 91. 151 Internal Co-operation.................. 92. 428 The Situation in New York City During the WFinter of I893-94.............. 94. 21 Statistics: Their Value in Charity Organization Work............... 90. 31 Report from New York...... 91. 259. 92. 252 Kellog, Charles D., Chm., Report of Committee on Charity Organization............................... 87. 123. 93. 52 Kellogg, Chas. P., Report from Connecticut............................................. 97. 381. 98. 39. 99. 45. 05. 38. 06. 70 Kelsey, Carl, Report from Pennlsylvania..................... 06. 61 Kelso, J. J., Reforming Delinquent Children................... 03. 230 Kentucky, Reports from, see Reports from States. Kennedy, Rev. W. L., Report from Texas......96. 92. 97. 432. 98. 93 Kenyon, Dr., Report from Rhode Island...................... 78. 26 Kerlin, Dr. Isaac N., Chm., Committee Report on Care and Training of Feeble-Minded.. 84. 246. 85. 158. 86. 288. 88. 99. 90. 244 Kimber, Diana C., District Nursing in London................. 95. 273 KINDERGARTEN, The Bearing of on the Prevention of Crime, NEWTON, REV. R. HEBER.................. 86. 53 as a Character Builder, COOPER, MRS. SARAH B. 85. 222 as a Child Saving Work, The, COOPER, MRS. SARAH B................................. 82. 130 Culture, DOHRMANN, MRS. C. W.............. 89. 194 Committee Report, HALLOWELL, ANNA, Chmi.... 86. 48 Discussion on................................ 86. 381 Free, MACKENZIE, CONSTANCE.................. 86. 48 Free, Practical Results of Ten Years' Work, COOPER, MRS. SARAH B.................... 89. 186 The, Place in Child Saving, HARDING, EVA..... 00. 248

Page  51 CUMULATIVE INDEX 51 KINDERGARTEN, The Relation of to Social Reform, WIGGIN, KATE DOUGLAS......................... 88. 247 King, Francis T., Chn., Committee Report on Hospitals and Infirmaries.............................................. 89. 57 Kingsley, Sherman C., Public Dependents and the State....... 05. 394 Kinkead, Rev. T. L., State Supervision of Dependent Children.. 04. 342 Kinne, Lavega G., Memorial Tribute to, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER. 06. 494 SANBORN, F. B........ 06. 491 Kinne, L. G., The Board of Control of Iowa.................. 00. 173 Report from Iowa.............................. 00. 309. 01. 56. 02. 48. 03. 50. 04. 32. 05. 48 Kirkwood, Louise J., Methods of Industrial Training for Girls.. 85. 219 Kirkwood, R. J., Baltimore House of Refuge.................. 90. 240 Knight, Dr. George H., Colony Care for Adult Idiots.......... 91. 107 The Colony Plan for All Grades of Feeble-Minded.................. 92. 155 The Feeble-Minded................. 95. 150 Prevention of Feeble-Mindedness from Legal and Moral Standpoint...... 98. 304 The State's Duty Toward Epileptics. 86. 298 Knight, Dr. J. A., Special Charity in New York City (Ruptured and Crippled)................................ 81. 246 Knopf, Dr. S. A., What Shall We Do Dith the Consumptive Poor?................................................... 02. 218 Koren, John, Our Statistical Needs........................... 06. 418 Kraege, F. G., The Use of Libraries in Reformatory Work..... 9. 342 Krohn, W. O., Child Study as Applied to Defective Children... 97. 308 L Labor as a Means of Reformation, SMITH, EUGENE.............. 85. 265 Labor, Pauperism and Crime, WRIGHT, CARROLL D............ 78. 15 Labor Question, Discussion on................................ 78. 164 Labor, The Remedial, Economic and Ethical Value of, SPRATLING, DR. W ILLIAM P..................................... 98. 309 Lane, Rev. Marcus, Report from California................... 82. 163 Lane, P., Education of the Blind and Deaf Mutes in One Institution............................................... 82. 209 Lane, R. H., Report from Quebec.................... 03. 112. 05. 89 Langmuir, J. W., The Asylums, Prisons and Public Charities of the Province of Ontario.............. 80. 264 Report from Ontario..................... 81. 238 Langston, Rev. G. D., The Child and the Farms............... 03. 204 Lathrop, Miss Julia C., District Nurses........................ 94. 340 Hull House as a Sociological Laboratory............................ 94. 313 Report from Illinois.......... 96. 34. 97. 389 Village Care of Insane............... 02. 185 What the Settlement Work Stands for. 96. 106

Page  52 5 CUMULATIVE INDEX Lathrop, Miss Julia C., Chm., Committee Report, State Supervision and Administration......... 05. 420 Committee Report on the Insane....... 02. 166 Laverty, P. H., Management of Reformatories................. 84. 87 Report from New Jersey...................... 84. 45 Law and the Criminal, Mutual Relations of, BROCKWAY, Z. R.. 04. 434 Lawrence, Charles, Necessity of Uniform Settlement Laws..... 99. 162 -Lease, Convict, System in the Southern States, CABLE, GEORGE W.............................................. 83. 265 Lee, Joseph, Evils Growing Out of Extortionate Usury......... 95. 506 The Playground as a Part of the Public School.... 04. 456 Report from Massachusetts.03. 60. 04. 53. 05. 55. 06. 35 Lee, Joseph, Chin., Committee Report on Inmmigratio......... 06. 279 Legal Aid, PHILBROOK, MARY................................. 03. 283 Legislation Concerning Charities, Committee Report, FOLWELL, WILLIAM W., Chm..................................... 01. 112 Legislation Concerning Charities, Discussion on............... 01. 348 Legislation, National, re Immigrants and Pauperism, SANBORN, F. B..................................................... 76. 162 Leonard, Mrs. Clara T., Family Homes for Pauper and Dependent Children............................................ 79. 170 Leonard, J. A., Treatment of the Younger Offenders.......... 05. 292 Leonard, Dr. W. H., Insane, the Report from Minnesota....... 81. 34 Lesley, Mrs. S. I., Foundlings and Deserted Children......... 81. 282 Letchworth, Wm. Pryor, LL. D., The Care of Epileptics...... 96. 199 Children of the State...... 86. 138 Classification and Training of Childreni, Innocent and Incorrigble......... 83. 344 Dependent Children and Family Homes......... 97. 94 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Albert G. Byers....... 91. 252 The Organization, Powers and Duties of State Boards............... 92. 13 President's Address........ 84. 9 Provision for Epileptics.... 94. 187 The Removal of Children from Alhtshouses in the State of New York.... 94. 132 Letchworth, W. P., Chin.. Committee Report on Dependent and Delinquent Children,.......................... 77. 60. 79. 161 90. 190 Commlittee Report on Preventive Work Among Children...................... 81. 271. 82. 121. 83. 335. 85. 179 Lewis, Charlton J., The Probation System.................... 97. 38 The Principle of Probation................ 04. 448

Page  53 CUMULATIVE INDEX 53 Lewis, Charlton J., The Spoils System................... 98. 446 Lewis, Charlton J., Chin., Committee Report on The Treatment of the Criminal............................ 01. 147 Lewis, Herbert W., Terms on Which Children Should Be Placed With Families................................. 94. 140 Lewis, H. W., Chin., Committee Report on Child Saving...... 96. 314 Lewis, W. T., Convict Labor from a Manufacturer's Standpoint. 87. 113 Libraries, TIhe Use of in Reformatory Work, KRAEGE, F. G..... 96. 342 Lilly, Mrs. M. J., Arguments in Favor of Public Out-Door Relief........................................ 91. 32 Lincoln, Mrs. Alice N., The Almshouse Hospital.............. 02. 212 The Beauty of Service................ 95. 520 Classification of Paupers.............. 98. 184 Cottage Homes for Dependents, and Classification..................... 05. 403 Housing Reform in Boston............ 02. 355 Lincoln, Leontine, Chin., Committee Report on State Boards and Commissions......................................... 00. 167 Lindley, Dr. Walter, Evils of Institutional Childhood.......... 05. 125 Care of the Sick in Hospitals and Homes. 05. 194 General Culture in State Schools......... 94. 149 Lindsay, Samuel McCune, Causes of Poverty................. 99. 369 Lindsay, Samuel McCune, Chin., Committee Report on Child Labor................................................... 06. 150 Lindsey, Ben B., Recent Progress of the Juvenile Court Movement................................... 05. 150 The Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents Through the Juvenile Courts............ 03. 206 Lindsley, Rev. A. L., Report from Oregon..................... 85. 74 Living, Standards of, FORMAN, S. E.......................... 06. 342 Loch, C. S., Charitable Provision for the Aged............... 85. 347 Charity Organization.................... 92. 453. 96. 243 Social Settlements.............................. 96. 128 Lockups, Jails and Workhouses, Committee Report, STONAKER, C. L., Chin............................. 00. 44 Lodging Houses, Municipal and C. 0. S. Compared, HIGGINS, ALICE L.................................................. 04. 148 Loeb, Morris, The Distributioni of Population................. 06. 382 London, District Nursing in, KIMBER, DIANA C.............. 95. 273 Long, Dr. 0. R., Care of the Criminal Insane................. 96. 196 Longino, Dr. T. D., Rcport from Georgia.03. 40. 04. 35. 05. 43. 06. 24 Longstreth, William W,. The Intermarriage of Cousins........ 06. 261 Lord, Henry W., Dependent and Delinquent Children with Special Reference to Girls............. 78. 169 Hospitals or Asyiums for the Insane?...... 79. 83 Penal and Prison Discipline.............. 80. 37 Report from. Michigan....................77. xvii. 78. 29. 79. 10. 80.xxxvll Loring, Prentis, Report front Maine................... 86. 315

Page  54 54 CUMULATIVE INDEX Louisiana, Reports from, see Reports from States. Louisville, Ky., The Winter in (Charity Organization), BLAIN, RANDOLPH H............................................. 94. 42 Love, Dr. Minnie C. T., Report from Colorado....................................... 97. 379. 98. 33. 99. 43. 00. 295 Lowell. Mrs. C. R., A Better System of Public Charities and Correction for Cities............... 81. 168 Civil Service Reform................... 98. 256 The Economic and Mloral Effects of Public Out-Door Relief................ 90. 81 How to Adapt Charity Organization Methods to Small Communities...... 87. 135 One Means of. Preventing Pauperism.... 79. 189 Poverty and its Relief: Methods Possible in New York City................. 95. 44 Lowell, M.rs. C. R., Chml.,Commnittee Report on Public OutDoor Relief.............................................. 1. 28 Low, Seth., Municipal Charities and Correction.......... 88. 160 Out-Door Relief in the United States............. 81. 144 The Problem of Pauperism in the Cities of Brooklyn auld New York........................... 79. 200 Low, Seth., Chit1.. Committee Report on Sociology in Institutionis (.f Learning....................................... 95. 110 Lud:!en, J. D., Report from Minnesota........................ 88. 343 Lunatic — lospitals, Supervision of, ALLEN, DR. NATHAN........ 80. 152 Luther, Dr. Diller, Causes and Prevention of Pauperism....... 80. 242 The Extent to iWhich the State Should Issume the Care of the Indigent Insane. 78. 91 Statistics as Connected with Insanity, Medical Charities and Out-Door Relief..... 76. 151 Lyle, Dr. B. F., The Dangers of Tuberculosis................ 99. 129 Lynde, Mrs. W. P., Prevention in Some of Its Aspects......... 79. 162 The Treatment of Erring and Criminal Iomten............................. 80. 249 Mc McBride, Rev. J. M., Report fromt Dakota.................... 87. 28 McCagg, E. B., The Charities of Chicago...................... 79. 145 McClaughry, Robert W., Chinm., Committee Report on Prisons and Reformatories....................................... 00. 65 McCook, J. J., Report from Conn. 93. 300. 94. 236. 95. 328. 96. 25 The Tramp Problem; What It Is, and What to D o W ith It................................ 95. 288 McCord, Dr. J. N., Report from Illinois....................... 77. xviii McCormack, Harry, Needed Legislation for Certain Classes of Dependents................................. 05. 411 McCowan, Dr. Jennie, The Prevention of Insanity............. 82. 36

Page  55 CUMULATIVE INDEX 55 McCowan, Dr. Jennie, Report from Iowa........... 82. 169. 83. 151. 85. 47. 86. 313. 87. 39. 92. 252 McCulloch, Ben E., Report from Texas..... 90. 354. 92. 252. 93. 411 McCulloch, Rev. Oscar C., Associated Charities.............. 80. 122 Charity Organization - Work of District Committees........... 83. 148 The Personal Element in Charity.. 85. 340 President's Address................ 91. 10 Report from Indiana.............. 85. 48 The Tribe of Ishmael; A Study in Social Degradation............ 88. 154 McCulloch, Oscar C., Chm., Committee Report an Organization. of Charities.................................... 80. 122. 89. 10 McCulloch, Rev. Oscar Carlton, Memorial Tributes to, BARROWS, MRS. ISABEL C.; BERKOWITZ, RABBI HENRY; JOHNSON, ALEXANDER REED, MYRON W............................. 92. 230 McDougall, A. W., Relief of Needy Families................. 02. 278 McDowell, Mary E., Friendly Visiting........................ 96. 253 The Settlement and Organized Charity... 96. 123 MicGonegal, George E., Committee Report on Outdoor Relief.. 88. 141 McGonigle. R. D., Arguments Against Public Outdoor Relief.. 91. 38 The Causes and Prevention of Pauperism.. 80. 253 The Winter in Pittsburg.................... 94. 36 McLane, Miss Kate M., Report from Maryland............ 95. 352. 96. 46. 97. 401. 98. 56. 99. 65. 00. 321. 01. 61. 02. 54 McLean, Francis H., The Effects upon Private Charity of Absence of all Public Relief............ 01. 139 Ideals and Methods of Co-operation...... 04. 200 Rcport from Quebec..................... '02. 117 Responsibilities of Private Citizens in the Care of Public Dependents........... 04. 142 McMahon, Rev. D. J., Private Institutions and Public Supervision............................ 02. 136 The Relation Between Disease and Dependence......................... 03. 340 M Macfarland, H. B. F. Report from District of Columbia...... 95. 333. 96. 32. 97. 386. 98. 39. 99. 51. 00. 300. 01. 48. 02. 37. 03. 38. 04. 32. 05. 41 Public Subsidies to Private Charities.... 06. 227 The Spirit of Charity................... 06. 431 Machar, Agnes Maude, Outdoor Relief in Canada............. 97. 239 Mack, I. F., The Care of the Insane......................... 99. 196 Mack, Julian W., The Juvenile Court, the Judge and Probation Officer................................ 06. 123 The Confcrencc and Philadelphia.......... 06. 433 Mackay-Smith, Rev. Alexander, Conference Sermon........... 90. 16

Page  56 56 CUMULATIVE INDEX Mackenzie, Constance, Free Kindergartens.................... 86. 48 MacLaren, J. J., Q. C., LL. D.,Moral Reform in Ontario........ 97. 347 Maddison, Arthur G., Treatment of Juvenile Offenders........ 84. 19& Maginnis, C. P., Report from Minnesota...................... 95. 357 Magruder, Rev. J. W., Ideals and Methods of Co-operation..... 04. 216 Making the Budget of a Charitable Activity, PATTERSON, W. R 06. 206 Mallalieu, John T., Aims, Methods and Results of Reform School Training............... 92. 410 Our Work and the Outlook........ 94. 156 Maine, Reports from, see Reports from States. Manitoba, Can., Reports from, see Reports from States. Mann, Dr. Edward C., Immigrants in New York.............. 75. 23 Insanity in the Middle States........... 76. 54 Manual Training for Feeble-Minded, BARROWS, ISABEL C....... 94. 79 Manual Training, Influences of, on Character, ADLER, FELIX... 88. 272 Manual Training, Work With White Children, CHAPIN, T. F.. 04. 250 Marriage Legislation, Recent Attempts at Restrictive, ROGERS, Dr. A. C................................................ 01. 200 Marriage, State Regulation of, WELLS, KATE GANNET.......... 97. 302 Marsh, Benjamin C., Methods Employed by American Cities to Eradicate Vagrancy...................................... 03. 414 Marshall, L. C., Race Effects of Immigration.................. 06. 314 Maryland, Reports from, see Reports from States. Mason, Rev. J. K., Report from Maine.................................................... 81. 205. 82. 63. 84. 29. 85. 52 Massachusetts Institutions, RICHARDSON, MRS. ANNE B......... 86. 131 Massachusetts, Reports from, see Reports from States. Massey, John, Report from Delaware......... 87. 29. 88. 306. 89. 124 Material Relief, The Uses of, FRANKEL, LEE K................ 03. 317 Mathews, Byron C., Duty of the State to Dependent Children.. 98. 367 The Nativities of the Inmates of the Public Institutions of New York City....... 97. 282 Mathewson, H. P., Report from Nebraska..................... 85. 317 Maxwell, Anne C., Chmi., Commzittee Report on Training Schools for Nurses............................ 94. 94. 95. 256 Meade, Mabel, Playgrounds.................................. 06. 396 Medical Aid for the Poor, Free, EMERSON, DR. CHARLES P.... 06. 168 MEDICAL CHARITIES of Cincinnati, TAYLOR, DR. WILLIAM B..... 78. 44 Committee Report on, ROOSEVELT, THEODORE, C hm................................. 77. 21 SMITH, DR. STEPHEN, C......... 98. 320 HALE, GEORGE S................... 75. 52 of Cook County, Ill., PARK, DR. ROSWELL.. 80. xlix in New York, WIGGIN, DR. FREDERICK HOLMES............................ 98. 336 and Poor Relief, English, DEXTER, JOHN T. 76. 31 Preventive, Committee Report, WALK, DR. J. W., Chm........................... 83. 428

Page  57 CUMULATIVE INDEX 57 MEDICAL CHARITIES in their Relation to Medical Education, The Use and Abuse of, FLINT, DR. AUSTIN, 98. 328 in Relation to Religious Societies, GREER, REV. DAVID, D. D..................... 98. 332 Uses and Abuses of, SMITH, DR. STEPHEN. 98. 320 Medical Outdoor Relief in Massachusetts, WHEELRIGHT, DR. HENRY B.................................... 78. 32 Mentally Deficient Children, Public School Classes for, CHASE, LYDIA GARDNER.......................................... 04. 380 Mentally Deficient, Classification of, BANCROFT, MARGARET...... 01. 191 Merit System in Public Institutions of Charity and Correction, The, HENDERSON, CHARLES R............................. 9 382 Merit System in Public Institutions, The, Committee Report, GARRETT, PHILIP C., Chin............................... 96. 368 Merit System in Public Institutions, Discussion............... 96. 434 Merit System in Public Institutions, The, FLOWER, LUCY L..... 96. 388 Merrill, Galen A., Some Reccnt Developmtents in Child Saving. 00. 224 State Care for Dependent Children......... 94. 146 Merriwether, Mrs. L., Report from Tennessee...:........... 85. 81 Methods of Raising Funds for a Charitable Society, UFFORD, VWALTER S................................................ 06. 213 Mexico, Reports from, see Reports from States. Meyer, Dr. Alfred, Sanatoria for Consumptives............... 02. 239 Meyrick, A. S., Report from New Jersey............. 81. 229. 83. 205 Michigan, Reports from, see Reports from States. Migration and Immigration, SANBORN, F. B.................... 86. 253 Migration, Interstate, see Interstate Migration. Migration of Invalids, ELIOT, REV. SAMUEL A.................. 92. 90 Migration of Paupers, Interstate, HART, H. H.................. 96. 299 Millard, Mrs. F. A., Report from Iowa.............. 94. 239. 95. 347 Miller, Dr. Charles A:, Diet and Voluntary Employment of Patients................................................... 86 277 Miller, Thos. C., Report from West Virginia............ 96. 99. 97. 438. 98. 100. 99. 105. 00. 366. 01. 101. 02. 101 Milligan, Rev. J., Control of Vicious and Criminally Inclined Females......................... 82. 176 The Duty of the State and Society to Discharged Prisoners................... 78. 124 The International Prison Congress at Rome, Italy.................................. 86. 102 Report from Pennsylvania......... 78. 22. 79. 19 Millis, Harry A., The Law Affecting Immigrants and Tramps.. 97. 355 Mills, J. H., Report from North Carolina........... 82. 157. 86. 530 Mills, J. Warner, Report from Colorado................... 94. 235 Mills, William H., The Personnel of Prison Management...... 89. 50 Minnesota, Reports from, see Reports from States. Minors in Poland, Guardianship of, MOLDENHAUER, ALEX. DE... 84. 177 Mission Training Schools, RICHARDS, LINDA................... 94. 100

Page  58 58 CUMULATIVE INDEX Mississippi, Reports from, see Reports from States. Missouri, Reports from, see Reports from States. Mitchell, Rev. S. S., Conference,Sermon...................... 88. 281 Mitchell, Dr. T. J., Report from Mississippi................... 86. 324 Moldenhauer, Alex. de, The Guardianship of Minors in Poland. 84. 177 Montana, Reports from, see Reports from States. Montgomery, Mrs. Alice B., Child of Juvenile Court......... 05. 167 Montgomery, John B., Common Sense and Co-operation (Dependent Children)................ 03. 200 Michigan System of Child Saving..... 04. 320 The State Public School Idea at Its Best............................. 00. 231 Moore, Dr. Dorothea, The Saving of Telegraph Hill........... 05. 375 Moore, Marion I., Sanitary Oversight of Dwellings............ 95. 508 Moral Dangers of Premature Employment, KELLEY, MRS. FLORENCE................................................. 06. 157 Moral Education, WHITE, ALBERT S........................... 87. 247 Moral and Industrial Training, Committee Report, DANA, REV. M. McG., Chm.......................................... 87. 243 Moral Reform in Ontario, an Encouraging Outlook, MACLAREN, J. J., Q. C., LL. D....................................... 97. 347 Morel, Dr. Jules, Guardian Societies: The Care of the Insane Before, During and After Their Confinement in an Asylum..................... 99. 204 Special Treatment of Insane in Prisons..... 96. 190 Morris, Dr. John, Institutions for the Care of Epileptics....... 90. 275 Morris, Robert C., Report from Wyoming......................................... 86. 347. 87. 73. 89. 179. 90. 356. 92. 252 Morrow, Mrs. N. C., Report from W. Va... 03. 106. 04. 109. 05. 86 Morse, Mrs. Fannie French, Methods Most Helpful to Girls.... 04. 306 Morse, Miss Frances R., How Can We Further the Organization of Charities?........................................... 97. 177 Mosher, Dr. Eliza M., Discipline in Prisons.................. 83. 211 Mother State and Her Weaker Children, The, President's Address, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER............................. 97. 1 Mott, Alice J., The, Education and Custody of the Imbecile.... 94. 168 Moulton, Dr. A. R., The Commitment of the Insane............ 91. 68 Report from Massachusetts............... 92. 252 Mullany, Rev. John F., Non-Sectarian and Non-Partisan Charitable W ork............................................... 02. 338 Mulry, Thomas M., Home or the Institution?................. 98. 362 Private Relief Societies and Needy Families. 03. 286 Mulry, Thos. M., Chin., Committee Report Destitute and Neglected Children............................................ 99. 166 Munger, Rev. T. T., The Development of Ethical Forces, Conference Serm on......................................... 95. 16 MUNICIPAL Charities, Administration of, QUINCY, JOSIAH...... 98. 198

Page  59 CUMULATIVE INDEX 59 MUNICIPAL Charities and Correction, Committtee Report, Low, SETH, Chm................................... 88. 160 Charities, Discussion on...... 88. 445. 96. 467. 99. 347 Charities in the Larger Cities of the United States, FOLKS, HOMER................................ 98. 113 and C. O. S. Lodging Houses, Comparative Advantages of, HIGGINS, ALICE L.................... 04. 148 and County Charities, Committee Report, FOLKS, HOMER, Chin................................. 98. 106 WILLIAMSON, MRS. EMILY E., Chm........... 97. 278 and County Charities, Relation to the Commonwealth, WILLIAMSON, MRS. EMILY E........... 96. 272 and County Public Charities, Committee Report, STOUT, J. H., Chin........................... 96. 264 Employment Scheme for Detroit, Mich., POST, JAM ES A.................................... 97. 217 Hospital, The, ANCKER, DR. ARTHUR B............ 88. 171 Lodging House, What Constitutes a Modern, ROBINS, RAYMOND.............................. 04. 155 Regulations of Street Trades (Children), ADAMS, M YRON E..................................... 04. 294 Murdoch, Dr. J. Moorhead, The cNew (Pa.) Institution for Feeble-Minded and Epileptic............................. 06. 269 Murphy, Edgar Gardner, Child Labor as a National Problem... 03. 121 Murphy, N. O., Report from Arizona.......................... 00. 294 Murray, Miss Anna H., Report from I Vashington............. 06. 72 N National Conference, The Relation of, to the Progress of the Past Twenty Years, President's Address, HART, HASTINGS H................................................. 93. 1 Nation and the Veteran, The, CASTLE, HENRY A............... 97. 14 Nativities of Inmates of the Public Institutions of New York City, The, IATHEWS, B. C................................ 97. 282 Nature vs. Nurture in the Making of Social Careers, COOLEY, CHARLES H............................................... 96. 399 Nebraska, Reports from, see Reports from States. Needs, Our Statistical, KOREN, JOHN.......................... 06. 418 NEEDY FAMILIES in Their Homes, Committee Reports on, BICKNELL, E. P., Chin..................... 04. 188 BUTLER, EDMUND J., Chin................ 03. 272 FRANKEL, LEE K., Chin................... 06. 32B JACKSON, JAMES F., Chin................. 05. 344 SMITH, ZILPHA D., Chin............... 01. 284 WELLER, CHARLES F., Chin................ 02. 265 NEEDY FAMILIES, Discussion.... 01. 372. 387. 398. 02. 378. 396 03. 549. 553- 04. 532. 545. 603. 608. 05. 509

Page  60 60 CUMULATIVE INDEX NEEDY FAMILIES, Relief of, MCDOUGALL, A. W................ 02. 278 Treatment of, in Their Homes, BRACKETT, JEFFREY, R............................ 03. 297 Treatment of, in Their Homes by Public Agencies, GREEN, DAVID I..................... 03. 291 see also Charity Organization. Neff, William H., President's Address......................... 86. 12 Reformatories for Juvenile Delinquents...... 90. 230 Report from Ohio...................... 81. 208. 82. 69. 83. 53. 84. 49. 85. 72. 88. 356 Neglected Children in Neglected Communities, HENDERSON, CHARLES R............................................. 01. 224 Negro, Delinquent Children, SMYTH, JOHN H.................. 98. 471 Negro, The Future of the American, ARMSTRONG, GEN. S. C... 87. 167 Neighborhood Improvement, Committee Report, ADDAMS,'JANE, Chmn................................ 04. 468 MONTGOMERY, MISS Louis:, C,'m.......... 05. 363 Discussion on1.... 04. 560. 535., also 608-618. 05. 553 Neighborhood and Civic Improvement, Committee Re-ort, DE FOREST, ROBERT W., Chin.................. 02. 343 Discussion on.............................. 02. 473-486 Neighborhood Improvement, Recent Developments in Municipal Activities Tending to, TAYLOR, PROF. GRAHAM............. 04. 486 Neighborhoods, The, Permanent Improvement of, DE GRAFFENRIED, CLARE.............................................. 95. 101 Neighborhood Work, Committee Report o.................. 06. 367 Nevada, Reports from, see Reports from States. Nevin, T. H., The Model Prison............................. 81. 250 Newark (N. J.) Bureau of Associated Charities. Financial History of, GINGER, MIss MINA C......................... 06. 223 New Brunswick, Can., Reports from, see Reports from States. New England, Management of Almshouses in, SANBORN, F. B.. 84. 300 New Hampshire, Reports from, see Reports from States. New Immigration, The, Some Unfavorable Features and Possible Remedies, WILLIAMS, WILLIAM...................... 06. 285 New Jersey, Reports from, see Reports from States. Newman, Annie F., Jail and Prison Work of W. C. T. U. in Nebraska................................................... 83. 463 New Mexico, Reports frofi, see Reports from States. New Philanthropy, The, President's Address, WRIGHT, A. O.... 96. 1 Newton, Rev. R. Heber, The Bearing of the Kindergarten on the Prevention of Crime.............................. 86. 53 New York City, The Situation in, During the Winter of 1893-94, KELLOG, CHARLES D...................................... 94. 21 New York, Report from, see Reports from States. Nibecker, F. H., Forward Movement in Boarding Schools for Delinquents............................ 04. 300

Page  61 CUMULATIVE INDEX 61 Nibecker, F. H., The Influence of Children in Their Homes After Institution Life................... 95. 216 The Mental Capacity of Juvenile Delinquents. 01. 262 Punishments............................... 02. 427 Nibecker, F. H., Chlin., Commtittee Report on Juvenile Reformation.................................................... 95. 216 Nicholson, Timothy, President's Address..................... 02. 1 Nichols, Wm. I., Ethical Value of Industrial Agencies......... 04. 233 Nicoll, Matthias, Jr., Requirements of Hospitals for Contagious Diseases............................................... 06. 175 Norris, Mrs. Rollin, Report from Pennsylvania........ 02. 92. 03. 96 North Carolina, Reports from, see Reports from States. North Dakota, Reports from, see Reports from States. Nova Scotia, Can., Reports from, see Reports from States. NURSE, District, in Co-operative Work, The, JAMME, Miss M ARIE R......................................... 05. 280 Trained, The, PALMER, SOPHIA F..................... 95. 259 Visiting or District, Work of, FULMER, HARRIET....... 02. 200 Visiting, as an Economic Factor, The, FISCHER, LUCY B................................ 05. 263 Visiting, Educational Opportunities of, AIKENS, MISS CHARLOTTE A.................................... 06. 185 NURSES, District, LATHROP, JULIA C.......................... 94. 340 The Need of a Post-Graduate School for, BROWN, DR. CHARLOTTE B......................0. 147 in Settlement Work, WALD, LILLIAN D........... 95. 264 Trained, for Almshouse Hospitals, A Plea for, ROWE, DR. G. H. M.................................... 95. 276 Trained, Among the Sick Poor in New York, SMITH, MRS. ANDREW H................................. 90. 110 Trained, in Hospitals, The Moral Influence of, RICHARDS, LINDA.................................... 95. 256 Trained, in Hospitals for the Insane, SMITH, MARION E. 94. 102 Training Schools for, HAMPTON, Miss ISABEL A...... 90. 140 Training Schools for, Committee Report, MAXWELL, Miss ANNA C., Chin.................... 94. 94.. 95. 256 Training Schools for, Committee Report, WYMAN, D,. H.xi. C., Ch.l.............................. 90. 110 Nursery and Child Hospital Work, Thirty Years' Experience in, DuBoIs, MRS. MARY A.................................. 85. 181 NURSING, District, BRENT, EDITH S............................ 94. 97 District, Discussion on.............................. 02. 518 District, in London, KIMBER, DR. DIANA C..........95. 273 The Science of: A Plea, FULLERTON, DR. ANNA M.. 90. 130 Sick Poor in Homes, Economy of, WISE, MRS. STEPHEN S....................................... 05. 226 Theory and Practice, BREMAN, AGNES S............. 94. 94

Page  62 62 CUMULATIVE INDEX * NURSING, Visiting, Comniittee Report, HITCHCOCK, Miss JANE ELIZABETH, Chm................................ 05. 257 Visiting, Discussion on............................. 05. 605 Visiting, Statistical Table of, in the U. S., WATERS, MISS Y. G...................................... 05. 285 Nutting, Rev. J. H., The Reform School Chaplain............. 92. 175 The History of Reformatories............ 93. 140 Nutting, Rev. J. H.,Report from Rhode Island........ 93. 404. 94. 253. 95. 381. 96. 89. 97. 431. 98. 87 O Octavia Hill Association, Housing Conditions in Philadelphia. 06. 367 Offenders, Treatment of the Younger, LEONARD, J. A........... 05. 292 Official Out-Door Poor Relief, Observations on, BICKNELL, ERNEST P................................................ 97. 249 Ogden, Robert C., Relief in Johnstow........................ 06. 473 Ohio, Reports from, see Reports from States. Oklahoma, Reports from, see Reports from States. Ontario, Report of Provincial Institutions, LANGMUIR, MR..... 80. 264 Ontario, Canada, Reports from, see Reports from States. Oregon and Pacific States' Needs, GARDNER,. T.......... 05. 130 Oregon, Reports from, see Reports from States. ORGANIZATION OF CHARITIES IN CITIESt Committee Report, CADWALADER, DR. C. E., Chim.. 81. 100 MCCULLOCH, OSCAR C., Chlm..................80. 122. 89. 10 Discussion on............ 83. 111. 146 ORGANIZATION OF CHARITY, Committee Report, CROZIER, A. O., Chn........................... 97. 140 Committee Report, DEVINE, EDWARD T., Chin............................. 99. -274 Committee Report, GROUT, C. S., Chm. 00. 247 How Can We Further the, MORSE, FRANCES R....................... 97. 177 See also Charity Organization. Discussions...................... 99. 354, 359 ORGANIZATION of City and County Public Charities, WYLIE, JAMES R.................................. 97. 168 Essentials of, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER............ 99. 291 of Private Charities, The, CROOKER, J. H....... 97. 175 of State Charities, The, WINES, F. HOWARD..... 97. 163 Organized Charities, TRUSDELL, C. G.......................... 85. 329 ORGANIZED CHARITY, ROSENAU, N. S.......................... 97. 144 in an Emergency, The Utility of, TODD, HANNAH M......................... 90. 36 New Emphasis in Principles of, JACKSON, JAMES F........................... 05. 344 and Organized Labor, TAYLOR, GRAHAM. 05. 458

Page  63 CUMULATIVE INDEX 63; ORGANIZED CHARITY, Preparedness of, BICKNELL, E. P......... 04. 188, Relation of to Public and Private Relief, WALK, DR. JAMES W................ 85. 336. and Unorganized, CROZIER, A.......... 97. 154 in the West, Status of, FELTON, CATHERINE.............................. 02. 295. Organizing Charity, The Best Development of the Central Work of a Society for, SMITH, T. GUILFORD............... 84. 192 Orphanages, Admission of Children to, STREETER, WM. B...... 04. 331 Orphans, Soldiers', The Iowa Home for, PIERCE, S. W......... 79. 153 Orr, Gustavus J., Report from Georgia....................... 85. 43' Orudas, Plutarco, Report from Mexico........................ 00. 379 Osterhoudt, B. H., Report from Porto Rico........... 02. 109. 03. 108 Otterson, Ira D., General Features of Reform School Work.... 92. 166 The Reform School Officer and How to Get and Keep Him......................... 01. 277 Our Work, and the Outlook, MALLALIEU, JOHN T.............. 94. 156 Out-Door Public Relief in Massachusetts, RING. THOMAS F... 95. 61 OUT-DOOR RELIEF, WAYLAND, FRANCIS....................... 77. 46 as Administered in St. Paul, JACKSON, JAMES F.............................. 96. 264 Administration in New York City, 1878, PELLEW, HENRY E..................... 78. 53 in Canada, MACHAR, AGNES MAUDE........ 97. 239 Committee Report, MCGONEGAL, GEORGE E., Chm.................................. 88. 141 Discussion on.77. 54. 78. 72. 81. 154. 88. 442. 91. 314 in Greece and Italy, SANBORN, F. B......... 90. 94 in the Larger Cities of the U. S., Classified Statement of.......................... 98. 182 The Recipients of, WRIGHT, ISAAC P....... 90. 92 in Relation to Charity Organization, WILSON, GEORGE S........................ 00. 256 in Reports from States............ 05. 90. 06. 79 Under State Supervision, WHEELWRIGHT, HENRY B.............................. 80. 256 in the United States, Low, SETH........... 81. 144 WASHBURN, J. R..................... 98. 196 see also Public Out-Door Relief............ P Paddock, Miss Grace, Report from Utah...............................98. 95. 99. 101. 00. 363. 01. 94. 02. 97. 04. 101 05. 81 Paddock, Sarah Sands, Industrial and Technological Training.. 84. 20T Paine, Robert Treat, Co-operation in Charities................. 81. 118 The Empire of Charity, President's Address............................ 95. 1 Personal Service....................... 01. 330.

Page  64 64 CUMULATIVE INDEX Palmer, Sophia F., The Trained Nurse........................ 95. 259 Pardoning Power, The, HOADLEY, GOVERNOR GEORGE........... 86. 77 Parkhurst, Rev. Charles H., D. D., Conference Sermon........ 03. 13 Park, Dr. Roswell, The Medical Charities of Cook County, Illinois.................................................. 80. xlix Paroles, Justifiable, HARRISON, C. M.......................... 98. 425 See also Conditional Liberation. Parsons, Thomas, The Women's Prison at Sherborn, Mass.... 81. 266 Partisan Appointments to Institutions for the Care of the Insane, BLAIR, JAMES L.................. 02. 328 Pattengill, H. R., That Ounce of Prevention................... 99. 326 Patterson, W. R., Making the Budget of a Charitable Activity. 06. 20B Pawnshops................................ 99. 305 PAUPERISM, Causes and Prevention, LUTHER, DR. DILLER....... 80. 242 The Causes and Prevention of, MCGONIGLE, R D... 80. 253 in the City of New York, DAVIS, DR. R. T...... 74. 18 and Crime, Causes of, Committee Report, WINES, FRED. H., Chi............................... 86. 207 Discussion on.......................... 80. 261. 85. 468 Hereditary, DUGDALE, R. L....................... 77. 81 and Immigration, Legislation, re, SANBORN, F. B. 76. 162 Industrial Training and Enforced Labor for, PELLEW, HENRY E.............................. 79. 216 in New York, Discussion on...................... 74. 28 One Means of Preventing, LOWELL, MRS. C. R.... 79. 189 Prevention of, Committee Report, ANDREWS, JOHN W., Chint............................. 79. 36 The Prevention of, Committee Report, SANBORN, F. B., Chmn................................... 85. 402 The Prevention of, REYNOLDS, DR. A.............. 79. 211 and Its Prevention, WATKINS. C. S............... 82. 94 The Problem of in Brooklyn and New York, Low, SETH........................................ 79. 200 in the State of New York, PELLEW, HENRY E...... 79. 216 Statistics of in the United States, SANBORN, F. B... 77. 20 Paupers, Classification of, LINCOLN, MRS. ALICE N....... 98. 184 Paupers, Foreign, Legislation to Prevent the United States Being Made a Receptacle for, ANDERSON, MARTIN B....... 76. 170 Pawn-shops, PATTERSON, W. R......................... 99.' 305 Peabody, Rev. Francis G., Charity and Character, Conference Sermon................. 96. 414 Developing the Social Up-draught.. 97. 225 Peabody, Francis G., Chm., Committee Report on Social Settlements in Cities.......................................... 97. 329 Pear, William H., The Full Measure of Responsibility (to Children).............................................. 06. 96 Peet, Dr. Isaac L., Chm., Committee Report on Education of Deaf and Dumb................................... 83. 406

Page  65 CUMULATIVE INDEX' Pellew, Henry E., Out-Door Relief Administration in New York City........................... 78. 53 Pauperism in the State of New York, The Value of Industrial Training and Enforced Labor........................ 79. 216 Pemberton, Miss C. H., The Boarding System for Neglected Children................................................. 4. 137 Pendleton, M., Report from Rhode Island..................... 80. xliii Pennsylvania, Reports from, see Reports from States. Pennsylvania Tenement House Law.......................... 06. 608 Pensions, Government and Municipal, BUTLER, AMOS W..... 06. 470 Pensions and Soldiers' Homes, WRIGHT, A................... 95. 303 Pensions and State Soldiers' Homes, WOODWORTH, CAPT. J. H.. 96. 285 Pensions, Tables and Bibliography........................... 06. 612 Perkins, Joseph, The Discipline of County Jails................ 78. 102 Perry, Miss Mary E., Segregation of Defectives, Minority Report......................... 03. 253 Report from Missouri..................93. 358. 95. 359. 97. 409. 98. 65. 99. 72. 00. 329. 01. 71. 02. 68. 03. 69. 04. 65. 05. 65. 06. 40 Personal Service, PAINE, ROBERT TREAT............ 01. 330 Personal Service on the Part of Directors, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER................................................... 95. 525 Personal Work, The Obligations of an Aid to Right Structure of Character, BREED, W J................................ 92. 459 Peters, J. P., Report from Illinois.......................... 01. 51 Peterson, Dr. Frederick, Essentials of an Adequate System of Care for Insane................................. 02. 16e, Philanthropy and Accountancy, CLEVELAND, FREDERICK A...... 06. 199 Philanthropy, The Dominant Note of the Modern, DEVINE, EDWARD IT., President's Address.............................. 06. 1 Philanthropy, Relation of to Social Order and Progress, The, HENDERSON, CHARLES R., President's Address............. 99. 1 Philbrook, Mary, Legal Aid................................. 03. 283 Physician and Nurse in the Public School, The, ROGERS, MISS LINA L.................................................. 05. 273 Pierce, S. W., The Iowa Home for Soldiers' Orphans........... 79. 153 Pilcher, Dr. Lewis S., The Public Hospitals of Brooklyn...... 90. 177 Pine, John B., First Aid to the Injured...................... 83. 434 Pittsburg, The Winter in (Charity Organization), McGoNNIGLE, R. D............................................ 94. 36 Plans for Jails, Discussion on................................ 82. 277 Platt, Rutherford H., The Appointing Power of Boards........ 03. 366 Platt, Dr. W. B., Crippled and Deformed Children............. 98. 402 Playground as a Part of the Public School, LEE, JOSEPH........ 04. 456 5 CI

Page  66 66 CUMULATIVE INDEX Playgrounds, MEADE, MABEL............................ 06. 396 Statistics of............................ 06. 611 Poland, Guarandianship of Minors in, MOLDENAUER, ALEX DE. 84. 177 Polglase, Dr. William A., The Evolution of the Care of the Feeble-Minded and Epileptic in the Past Centurt.......... 01. 186 Police in England, BAKER, T. B., LL.......................... 85. 311 Police and Juvenile Crime, JENKINS, FREDERICK L............ 84. 285 Police Matrons, HOBBS, MRS. J. B............................. 84. 293 Police Matrons, The Employment of, DEVOLL, DR. S. W........ 81. 309 Police Reform, Discussion on................................ 87. 337 Police System of Milwaukee, RIES, COL. F. J..... 87. 115 Political Patronage in State Institutions, FOULKE, DUDLEY...... 02. 324 POLITICS in Charitable and Correctional Affairs, Committee Report, BLACKMAR, FRANK NELSON, Chm.......... 00. 37 SWIFT Lucius B., Chm...................... 99. 233 and Charities, Discussion on......................... 0. 414 in Institutions on the Pacific Coast, FETTER, F. A..... 99. 242 and Public Institutions, Committee Report, HENDERSON, C. R., Ch............................. 98. 237 and Public Institutions, Discussion on............... 98. 448 Pond, Chauncey N., Charity Organization Principles Applied to Mission Work........................................... 00. 271 Poole, T. N., Report from North Dakota..................... 99. 89 Poor Asylum Discipline, BICKNELL, ERNEST P................ 96. 269 Poor-Farms and Pauperism in Kansas, JOHNSON, W. L. A..... 00. 125 Poor-Houses, Discussion on...................... 84. 363. and 370 Poor-houses, Employment in, Committee Report, WRIGHT, A. 0.. C.............................................. 89. 197 Poor-Houses and Jails, The Administration of, BYERS, DR. A. G................................................ 86. 31 Poor-Houses and Jails, Discussion on........................ 86. 358 Poor-Houses and Jails in the Northwestern States, WATKINS, C. S.................................................... 79. 96 Poor-Houses, The Location, Construction and Management of, Committee Report, GILES, H. H., Chin.................... 84. 295 Poor Laws of the United States, HENDERSON, CHARLES R....... 97. 256 Poor Relief, English, and Medical Charity, DEXTER, JOHN T.... 76. 31 Population, The Distribution of, LOEB, MORRIS................. 06. 382 Porto Rico, Reports from, see Reports from States. Post, James A.. Municipal Employment Scheme, Proposed for Detroit, Mich...................................... 97. 217 Report from Michigan........................................... 94. 244. 95. 355. 96. 52. 97. 405. 98. 62 Post Penitentiary Treatment of Criminals, BRINKERHOFF, ROELIFF................................................. 83. 216 Poverty and Its Relief; Methods Possible in New York City, LOWELL, MRS. C. R...................................... 95. 44

Page  67 ,CUMULATIVE INDEX 67 Powell, Dr. F. M., The Care and Training of Feeble-Minded Children......................................... 87. 250 Powell, Dr. F. M., Chm., Committee Report on Care of FeebleMinded......................97. 289 Committee Report on the Feeble-Minded and Epileptic.......................... 00. 70 Power, J. L., Report from Mississippi....... 96. 57. 97. 409. 01. 71 Powers, Prof. H. H., Sociology in Schools and Colleges: Its Feasibility and Probable Results......................... 95. 122 Practical Charity and Jewish Methods, SELLING, Louis......... 97. 231 Pratt, Capt. R. H., Advantages of Mingling Indians with Whites..................................................92. 45 Prehistoric Education of the Race in its Relation to Present Educational Problems, BALLIET, THOS. M..................06. 243 Prendergast, Richard, State Aid to Private Institutions.........86. 161 Prescott, Dr. W. H., Provident Medical Associations......... 95. 285 PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS, BAGLEY, JOHN J., Michigan.............. 75. 9 BISHOP, R. M., Ohio.................... 8. 1 BRACKETT, JEFFREY R., Maryland......... 04. 1 BRINKERHOFF, ROELIFF, Ohio.............80.. 1 BYERS, A. G., Ohio..................... 90. 9 DE FOREST, R. W., New York............ 03. 1 DEVINE, EDWARD T., New York........... 06. 1 ELMORE, ANDREW E., Wisconsin.......... 82. 10 FAULKNER, C. E., Minnesota............. 00. 1 GARRETT, PHILIP C., Pennsylvania........ 85. 11 GILLESPIE, RT. REV. GEO. D., Michigan... 89. 18 GILES, H. H., Wisconsin.................- 87. 14 GLENN, JOHN M., Maryland............. 01. 339 HART, HASTINGS H., Minnesota.......... 93. 1 HENDERSON, CHARLES R., Illinois......... 99. 1 HOYT, CHARLES S., New York............ 88. 8 JOHNSON, ALEXANDER, Indiana........... 97. 1 LETCHWORTH, WILLIAM PRYOR, New York. 84. 9 MCCULLOCH, REV. OSCAR C., Indiana..... 91. 10 NEFF, WILLIAM HOWARD, Ohio.......... 86. 12 NICHOLSON, TIMOTHY, Indiana........... 02. 1 PAINE, ROBERT TREAT, Massachusetts.... 95. 1 PRUYN, JOHN V. L., New York......... 77. vi REED, REV. MYRON W., Colorado......... 92. 11 ROBINSON, GEORGE S., Illinois........... 79. 1 SANBORN, FRANK B., Massachusetts...... 81. 4 SMITH, REV. SAMUEL G., Minnesota..... 05. 1 STEWART, WILLIAM R., New York....... 98. 1 STORRS, LUCIUS C., Michigan........... 94. 1 TILDEN, SAMUEL J., New York.......... 76. 2 WINES, FREDERICK HOWARD, Illinois...... 83 11 WRIGHT, A. O., Wisconsin............... 96 1

Page  68 68 CUMULATIVE INDEX Prevention of Crime, Etc., see Crime. Prevention of Cruelty to Children, see Children. Prevention of Disease, see Disease. Prevention of Feeble-Mindedness, see Feeble-Mindedness. Prevention of Insanity, see Insanity. Prevention, That Ounce of, PATTENGIiL, H. R................. 99. 326 Prevention of Pauperism, see Pauperism. Preventive Medical Charities, see Medical Charities. Preventive Work Among Children, see Children. Preventive Work, Discussion........................ 85. 452. 459, 462 Prince Edward Island, Canada, Reports from, see Reports from States. PRISON Congress, The International at Rome, Italy, MILLIGAN, REV. J. L....................................... 86. 102 Convict Contract Labor System, The, BRINKERHOFF, GEN. R................................ 87. 10. Convict Labor, Discussion on......................... 87. 279 Convict Labor from a Manufacturer's Standpoint, LEWIS, W. T..................................... 87. 11.m Convict Lease System in the Southern States, CABLE, GEORGE X........................................ 83. 265 Convict Lease System, Discussion on.......... 83. 301 Convict Punishment, Some Thoughts on, VAUX, RICHARD....................................... 81. 253 Discipline, BROCKWAY, Z. R.......................... 78. 103 Discipline, HALL, GEORGE W.......................... 85. 301 Discipline, Discussion on................... 78. 127. 81. 262 The Evolution of the, HOYT, HENRY M................ 85. 28 Legislation, Recent Ohio, BRINKERHOFF, GEN. R....... 91. 220 Management, The Personnel of, MILLS, WILLIAM H... 89. 50 The Model, NEVIN, T. H........................... 81. 250 Penal and Prison Discipline, Committee Report, LORD, HENRY W., Chmi................................ 80. 37 Penal and Reformatory Institutions, Committee Report, WRIGHT, A. O., Chin............................. 87. 106 Penal and Reformatory Systems, Committee Report, COLLIN, CHARLES A., Chm....................... 91. 214 Reform, BRINKERHOFF, GEN. R....................... 86. 90 Committee Report, GARRETT, PHILIP C., Chmn.. 97. 26 Discussion on................... 86. 369. 97. 458 Necessity for Radical, GARRETT, PHILIP C..... 97. 26 The Progress of, SPALDING, WARREN F....... 96. 406 Regulation, SPERRY, MRS. J. S........................ 89. 55 Science, The Leading Principles of Modern, COLLIN, C. A............................................. 91. 214 The State, CUSHING, O K........................... 05. 325 State (Buildings), WOODBERRY, REV. AUGUSTUS........ 79. 129 System for a State, The Ideal, Committee Report, BYERS, DR. A. G., Ch.......................... 89. 42

Page  69 CUMULATIVE INDEX 69 PRISON Systems, BLACKBURN, Gov........................... 83. 238 Systems, Discussion on...................... 89. 301. 91. 378 PRISONERS, Discharged, see Discharged Prisoners. The Families of, RUSSELL, REV. FRANK........... 80. 75 The Reformation of, BYERS, DR. A. G.............. 88. 201 The Reformation of, DANA, REV. M. McG.......... 88. 209 The Reformation of, GILLESPIE, RT. REV. G. D...... 88. 199 The Reformation of, KEELEY, MISS SARAH F...... 88. 206 The Reformation of, REED, REV. MYRON........... 88. 212 The Reformation of, TUFTS, COL. GARDINER........ 88. 204 Reformation of, Committee Report, WINES, F. H., Chm........................................ 88. 193 Sunday, The, BRINKERHOFF, GEN. R............... 90. 309 PRISONS, Discipline in, MOSHER, DR. ELIZA M.................. 83. 211 of the District of Columbia, SNELL, W. B........ 85. 297 History of, Committee Report, BRINKERHOFF, GEN. R., Chm........................................... 93. 18 and Penitentiaries, Discussion on........... 84. 373 and 383 and Penitentiaries in France, DESPORTES, FERNAND.... 84. 276 and Penitentiaries, The Organization. and Management of, Committee Report, ANDERSON, CHARLES, Chin......................................... 84. 272 and Prison Discipline, Committee Report, HATCH, H. F., Ch.................................... 90. 291 and Prisoners, Federal, Committee Report, BRINKERHOFF, GEN. R., Chmn............................ 86. 107 and Reformatories for Adults, Committee Report; ELLISON, THOMAS E., Chn...................... 99. 331 and Reformatories, Committee Report, MCCLAUGHRY, ROBERT W., Chm................................ 00. 65 and Reformation, Discussion on.................. 83. 199, 268 and Reformatories, Labor in, BROCKWAY, Z. R........ 86. 113 State, of the United States, GILL, DR. H. Z.......... 83. 249 Private Institutions and Public Supervision, MCMAHON, REV. D. J......................................: 02. 136 D..02. 136 Private Relief Societies and Needy Families, MULRY, THOS. M. 03. 286 PROBATION, Juvenile, FOLKS, HOMER......................... 06. 117 Officer, Work of, in Court, FRIDAY, Miss LUCY.... 06. 136 Officer, Work Preliminary to Trial, RAMSEY, MRS. ANNIE....................................... 06. 132 The Principle of, LEWIS, CHARLTON J.............. 04. 448 System, The, LEWIS, CHARLTON J.................. 97. 38 System of the Juvenile Court of Indianapolis, ROGERS, MRS. HELEN W......................... 04. 369 Work of the Juvenile Court, Some Phases of the, THURSTON, HENRY D......................... 05. 172 Problem in Cooperation, A, BRAUCHER, H. S................. 06. 334 Proctor, Lewis A., Report from Wisconsin.................... 83. 388

Page  70 70 CUMULATIVE INDEX Progress of Compassion, The, Conference Sermon, HODGES, REV. GEORGE, D. D............................................ 01. 1 Provident Dispensaries, BERNARD, CHARLES.................... 77. 38 Provident Medical Associations, PRESCOTT, DR. W. H........... 95. 285 Pruyn, John V. L., President's Address........................ 77. vi Psychopathic Hospitals, SPINK, DR. MARY A.................. 03. 428 PUBLIC Aid in a Great City, BRACKETT, JEFFREY R.............. 98. 191 Buildings for the Dependent and Delinquent Classes, Committee Report, BYERS, A. G., Chm............. 79. 95 Buildings, see Buildings Public. Charities and Correction for Cities, a Better System of, LOWELL, MRS. C. R.............................. 81. 168 Charities in Europe, SANBORN, F. B.................... 91. 167 Charities of New York City, KELLER, J. W............ 98. 212 Charity, Ideal, WINES, FREDERICK H................... 95. 27 Dependants, Committee Report, ALMY, FREDERICK, Chm. 04. 113 Dependants, Committee Report on, WILSON, GEORGE S., Chm............................................ 5. 394 Dependants, Discussion on.... 04. 618-620, 621-628. 05. 590 Dependants, Responsibilities of Private Citizens in the Care of, MCLEAN, FRANCIS H.................... 04. 142 Dependants and the State. KINGSLEY, SHERMAN C.... 05. 394 Institutions; Past, Present and Future, HAMMOND, GEORGE F................................... 92. 400 or Private Out-Door Relief, ALMY, FREDERICK......... 00. 134 and Private Relief, Committee Report, TRUSDELL, REV. C. G., Chi...................................... 95. 44 and Privrate Charities, What Has Public a Right to Know, CURTIS, MISS FRANCES GREELY............ 05. 434 Relief, Committee Report, HENDERSON, PROF. CHARLES R., Chi......................................... 94. 106 Relief, Effects upon Private Charity of Absence of All, MCLEAN, FRANCIS H............................ 01. 139 PUBLIC OUT-DOOR RELIEF, Arguments Against, BARBOUR, LEVI L. 91. 41 Arguments Against, CODMAN, MRS. JAMES M.......... 91. 46 Arguments Against, HILL, J. NEVIN................... 91. 36 Arguments Against, HENDERSON, C. R................ 91. 39 Arguments Against, HOLDEN, E. O.................... 91. 46 Arguments Against, MCGONNIGLE, R. D............... 91. 38 Arguments Against, TAYLOR, H. C.................... 91. 37 Arguments in Favor of, ADAMS, J. Q................. 91. 34 Arguments in Favor of, BAKER, C. H................. 91. 31 Arguments in Favor of, LILLY, MRS. M. S............ 91. 32 Arguments in Favor of, WRIGHT, ISAAC P........... 91. 28 Committee Report, LOWELL, MRS. C. R., Chm.......... 91. 28 The Economic and Moral Effects of, LOWELL, MRS. CHARLES RUSSELL................................ 90. 81

Page  71 CUMULATIVE INDEX 71 Public School, Enlarged Function of, SIMKHOVITCH, MRS. VLADIMIR.............................................. 04.' 471 Public Subsidies to Private Charities, MACFARLAND, H. B. F.. 06. 227 Pullman, Rev. James M., Churches in Charity Work........... 98. 486 Punishments, CHAPIN, T. H.................................. 02. 426 Punishments, NIBECKER, F. H................................. 02., 427 Putnam, Elizabeth C., Auxiliary Visitors..................... 84. 123 Dependent and Delinquent Children in This Country and Abroad......... 90. 190 Putnam, Elizabeth C., Notes on the System of Visiting the Girls and Smaller Boys Placed Out in Massachusetts.................. 83. 477 Visitation of Dependent and Delinquent Children in Massachusetts......... 81. 286 Putnam, Marion C., Friendly Visiting.......................... 87. 149 Q Quebec Can., Reports from, see Reports from States. Quincy, Josiah, The Administration of Municipat Charities..... 98. 198 Quintard, L. W., Children in Hospitals........................ 95. 275 R Race Effects of Immigration, MARSHALL, L. C.................. 06. 3 Raeb, Brainard, The Friendly Visitor's Opportunity........... 92. 457 Ramsey, Mrs. Annie, Work of Probation Officer Preliminary to Trial.................................................... 06. 132 Ramsey, Mrs. R. M., Report from Oklahoma.......... 97. 429. 01. 88 Randall, C. D., Michigan; The Child, the State.............. 88. 262 The Michigan Law for the Protection of IllTreated Children......................... 89. 5 Progress of State Care of Dependent Children in U. S.......................... 02. 243 Randall, C. D., Chm., Committee Report on Child Saving Work.......................................... 84. 115. 93. 131 Randall, Frank L., The State Reformatory............ 05. 311 Randolph, Maj. N. V., Report on Confederate Soldiers' Homes. 96. 294 -Ravenal, Mayzck P., State and Municipal Control of Tuberculosis.................................................... 06. 182 Ray, James M., Indiana Reformatory for Women and Girls..... 76. 25 Raymond, Henry M., The Bethel Associated Charities......... 94. 50 The Drink Evil........... 97. 235 Redemptive Work, The Power of Personality in, Conference Sermon, MACKAY-SMITH, REV. ALEXANDER................ 90. 16 Reed, Rev. Myron W., Conference Sermon................... 91. 20 Memorial Tribute to Oscar C. McCulloch............................. 92. 247 President's Address................... 92. 11 The Reformation of Prisoners......... 88. 212

Page  72 72 CUMULATIVE INDEX Reel, Miss Estelle, Report from Wyoming........... 96. 102. 97. 441 Reemelin, Charles, The Administration of Reformatories..... 84. 92 REFORMATION (ADULT) of the Criminal, The, EVANS, C. A..... 03. 448 of Criminals, Suggestions About the, SPALDING, W. F................... 81. 257 in Penal Treatment, YOUNG, A. B...... 83. 177 and Prisons, Discussion on............. 83. 199 Reformation of Criminal Girls, HALL, Miss E. A.............. 3. 188 Reformation, Education as a Factor in, FULTON, LEVI S........ 86. 65 Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents Through the Juvenile Courts, LINDSEY, BEN B.................................. 03. 206 Reformation, Juvenile, Committee Report, NIBECKER, F. H., Chmi. 95. 216 Reformative Agency, Play as a, CHAPIN, T. F................. 02. 437 REFORMATORIES (ADULT) The Administration of, REEMELIN, CHARLES.... 84. 92 for Adults, Discussion.............. 99. 331 Reformatories for Men, Committee Report, TUFTS, GARDINER, Chin.................................................... 89. 10~ REFORMATORIES (JUVENILE), GOLDSMITH, DR. R. H.... 90. 234. 02. 462 Buildings for. ALLISON, JAMES............. 02. 462 Committee Reports, MALLALIEU, JOHN T., Chin 94. 149 NUTTING. REV. J. H., Chim. 93. 140 Discipline in, FAIRBANK,X W. G............... 85. 100 Discussion on.............................. 84. 346. 89. 307. 90. 365. 94. 288. 96. 451. 97. 138 Employmcnt in, Committee Report, BYERS, A. G, Chn................... 85. 241 Employment in, Discussion on................. 85. 432 Expenses Per Pupil in, HART, H. H............. 85. 400 Girls in, WARDNER, MRS. L. B................. 79.. 178 and Houses of Refuge, Committee Report, ELMORE, A. E., Chin......................... 84. 84 and Industrial Sthools, Committee Report, DRAKE, L. D., Ch1n....................... 00. 188 WENTWORTH, EDWIN P., Chn............. 01. 245 Industrial Schools, Discussion on.... 00. 200. 01. 412 Industrial Training in, Committee Report, FULTON, LEVI S., Chn......................... 88. 215 Industrial Training in, GOWER, C. A.......... 88. 229 for Juvenile Delinquents, Expansion as Applied to, HILLES, C. D................... 01. 269 for Juvenile Delinquents, NEFF, WILLIAM H.... 90. 230 Management of, LAVERTY, P. H............... 84. 87 Moral Elevation in, HITE, J. C................ 86. 59 Salaries in, HART, H. H...................... 85. 399 for Youth in Sweden, ALMQUIST, G. F........ 84. 190 Trade Teaching in, CHARLTON, T. J........... 97. 115

Page  73 CUMULATIVE INDEX 73 REFORMATORIES Twenty Years of Progress in, CHARLTON, T. J.. 00. 188 Woman's Influence in, SICKELS, MRS. LUCY M.. 94. 164 Reformatory Agencies,. Catholic, DELANEY, JOHN J............ 97. 131 REFORMATORY (JUVENILE), Family System, The, HOWE, DR. G. E. 80. 209 Institutions, Co-operation of Superintendents of, W ENTWORTH, E. P......................... 00. 220 The Origin and Development of the, WENTWORTH, EDWIN P........................... 01. 245 and Preventive Work in Illinois, BEVERIDGE, MRS. HELEN L.................................. 81. 276 and. Preventive Work in Vermont, DORR, MRS. JOHN C. R................................ 81. 272 Seven Years in, BRIGGS, F. H.................. 97. 121 The State, RANDALL, FRANK L................ 05. 11 of 20th Century, The, HART, HASTINGS H....... 05. 101 for Women and Girls, Indiana, RAY JAMES M... 76. 25 Reformatory Work, Practical Thoughts on, ALLISON, JAMES... 02. 250 Reformatory Work, The Use of Libraries in, KRAEGE, F. G.... 96. 342 Reforming Delinquent Children, KELSO, J. J................... 03. 230 REFORM SCHOOLS for Boys, Labor in, CHARLTON, T. J.......... 85. 258 Chaplain, The, NUTTING, REV. J. H........... 92. 175 Committee Reports, CALDWELL, P., Chim...... 86. 59 OTTERSON, IRA D., Chin.. 92. 166 Minnesota, INGERSOLL, D. W................ 85. 253 Officer, The, How to Get and Keep Him, OTTERSON, IRA............................. 01. 277 Our Work and the Outlook, MALLALIEU, JOHN T................................. 94. 156 Problem, The, CALDWELL, P................. 86. 71 Do They Reform? - DRAKE, L. D............ 97. 125 Training, Aims, Methods and Results of, MALLALIEU, JOHN T..................... 92. 410 of Washington, SNELL, W. B................. 85. 273 Work, General Features of, OTTERSON, IRA D. 92. 166 Discussion on............................... 97. 453 see Reformatories, Juvenile. Reform Work for Girls, KEELY, MISS SARAH F............... 92. 179 Reform? What Are Proper Incentives to, CHARLTON, T. J..... 98. 379 Registration and Investigation, The Value of, FAIRCHILD, CHARLES S............................................... 83. 144 RELIEF Associations, AYRES, PHILIP W........................ 99. 359 and Prevention, WELLER, CHARLES F................. 02. 265 Putlic and Private, in Chicago, TRUSDELL, R-EV. C. G.. 95. 66 in Small Cities, The Best Method of, BROOKS, REV. JOHN C................................... 95. 54 Unusual Forms of, FRANKEL, LEE K.................. 01. 314 in Work, Experiments in, AYRES, PHILIP W............ 92. 436 Work, JOHNSON, ALEXANDER.......................... 84. 77 Work in Johnstown, OGDEN, ROBT. P................. 06. 473

Page  74 74 CUMULATIVE INDEX RELIEF Work in San Francisco, BICKNELL, ERNEST P........ 06. 481 Work of the Salvation Army, SOLENBERGER, E. D...... 06. 349 Discussion on....................................... 06. 503 Religious and Moral Training, FAIRBANKS, W. S.............. 04. 327 Remedial Work in Behalf of Our Youth, DANA, REV. M. McG. 95. 230 Remedial Measures Proposed for Pennsylvania, WOLFE, DR. SAMUEL.............................................. 98.' 349 REPORTS FROM STATES: Alabama, BRYCE, DR........... 84, 20. 85. 27. 90. 315. 92. 252 JOHNSON, J. H........... 86. 303. 87.. 293. 89. 117 TUTWILER, MISS JULIA S..... 93. 291. 94. 229. 95. 319. 96. 18. 97. 374. 98. 27. 99. 39. 98. 27. 99. 39. 00. 292. 01. 37. 02. 27. 03. 25 Alaska, JACKSON, REV. SHELDON...............................93. 296. 94. 232. 95. 321. 97. 376. 98. 29. 00. 294. 01. 40. 02. 27. 03. 28. 04. 22 Arizona. DARLINGTON, DR. THOS................. 90. 317. 92. 352 HAMBLIN, DR. J. B............ 95. 322. 96. 21. 98. 30 MURPHY, N. 0................................... 00. 294 AKERS, C. H..................................... 01. 40 Arkansas. WELCH, REV. T. R............................ 84. 21 FORBES, DR. C. C............... 85. 28. 89. 118. 93. 296 THORNBURG, GEORGE.. 96. 21. 97. 377. 00. 295. 01. 40 REYNOLDS, J. H.................. 04. 23. 05. 33. 06. 19 California. BRINKERHOFF, MRS. L. N..................... 81. 241 DELL, MRS. C. H................................. 81. 243 LANE, REV. MARCUS.............................. 82. 163 HIGHTON, E. R........................... 84. 21. 85. 29 COOPER, MRS. SARAH B..86. 304. 87. 21. 95. 324. 96. 22 DOOLEY, EDMOND T............. 87. 293. 89. 119 BROWN, DR. CHARLOTTE B..................... 91. 259 HALE, W. E.......................... 93. 296. 94. 233 WENDTE, REV. C. W.............................. 97. 377 FLINT, MRS. AGNES.................. 98. 31. 99. 41 FELTON, MISS KATHERINE C.......................................... 01. 41. 02. 28...03. 28. 05; 34 Colorado. HASKELL, PROF................................ 80. xxxii SPERRY, MRS. J. S. 85. 32. 86. 305. 87. 23. 88.. 301. 89. 123. 90. 317 APPEL, J. S.................. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 300 MILLS, J. WARNER............................... 94. 235 GABRIEL, JOHN H............ 95. 326. 96. 23 LOVE, DR. MINNIE C. T.. 97. 379. 98. 33. 99. 43L 00. 295 STONAKER, C. L................ 01. 43. 02. 32. 03. 31 HAGAR, CLARENCE F.....................05. 37. 06. 19 Connecticut. WAYLAND, FRANCIS........................ 78. 24 AUSTIN, W. R................................... 81. 212 BURTON, H. E...... 85. 33. 86. 307. 87. 26. 89. 123

Page  75 CUMULATIVE INDEX 75 REPORTS FROM STATES - Connecticut- Continued. SMITH, MRS. VIRGINIA T............... 91. 259. 92. 252 MCCOOK, J. J..... 93. 300. 94. 236. 95. 328. 96. 25 KELLOGG, CHARLES P... 97. 381. 98. 39. 99. 45. 00. 299. 01. 45. 02. 32. 03. 32. 04. 24. 05. 38. 06. 20 Dakota Territory. COFFIN, ELIJAH....................... 84. 22 KANOUSE, T. D................................. 85. 37 SCHAETZEL, JACOB, JR............................ 86. 308 MCBRIDE, REV. J. M.............................. 87. 28 ARCHIBALD, DR. O. W.................. 88. 303. 89. 124 Delaware. CANBY, W. M....................... 85. 37. 86. 309 MASSEY, JOHN.......... 87. 29. 88. 306. 89. 124 EASBY, G. K...................................... 90. 318 EASBY, MRS. F. H................................ 91. 259 WARNER, MRS. A. D.......... 92. 252. 93. 304. 94: 237. 96. 31. 97. 384. 98. 37. 99. 49. 00. 302. 01. 48. 02. 38. 03. 37. 04. 28. 05. 40. 06. 22 CLARK, MRS. MARY A. J.......................... 95. 330 District of Columbia. SPENCER, MRS. SARA A..... 81. 55. 82. 164. 84. 24. 85. 39. 87. 30. 88. 310. 89. 183 WARNER, A. G......... 92. 252. 93. 307 TRACY, JOHN A................................ 94. 23 MCFARLAND, H. B. F........................... 95. 333. 96. 32. 97. 386. 98. 39. 99. 51. 00. 303. 01. 48. 02. 37. 03. 38. 04. 32. 05. 41 WILSON, GEORGE............................... 06. 22 Florida. CHIPLEY, W. D............. 86. 310. 89. 124. 93. 310 ELLIOTT, H. S................................... 92. 252 FELKEL, HENRY L......................... 340 W OMBWELL, L. B............................... 9. 99.5 HUGHES, REV. J. A.................... 00. 304. 01. 49 Georgia. ORR, GUSTAVUS J.,............................ 85. 43 CHANEY, REV. G. L. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 310.' 95. 340 BOYKIN, Miss ALICE................... 96. 34. 97. 389 BLACK, MRS. N. P................................ 00. 205 LONGINO, DR. T. D..... 03. 40. 04. 35. 05. 43. 06. 24 Idaho. GIVENS, DR. JOHN W......... 93. 311. 94. 238. 95. 341 GAULT, F. B............................ 98. 43. 99. 53 EDWARDS, REV. JONATHAN............... 01. 50. 02. 40 Illinois. CORBUS, DR. J. C............................... 76. 24 McCo RD, DR. J. N............................... 77. xviii ROBINSON, G. S...................... 78. 9. 79. 13 GRIMSHAW, W. A................... 80. xxxiv. 84. 27 WINES, REV. F. H............... 75. 22. 82. 158 WHIPP, J. W..................................85. 43. 86. 310. 87. 33. 92. 252. 93. 313 JOHNSON, ALEXANDER............................. 88. 314 FLOWER, MRS. J. M............................... 91. 259

Page  76 76 CUMULATIVE INDEX REPORTS FROM STATES- Illinois- Continued. WOOD, MRS. GLENN............................. 95. 341 LATHROP, MISS JULIA C................. 96. 34. 97. 389 DODDS, F. C...................................... 98. 44 BANNING, EPHRAIM.............................. 99.. 53 PETERS, J. P.................................... 01. 51 HART, H. H.................... 02. 41. 03. 44 TANNER, J. MACK....................... 05. 44. 06. 24 Indiana. COFFIN, CHARLES F.................... 78. 21. 80. xxix EARLY, J. P.................................... 79. 19 BESSONIES, VERY REV. AUG.............. 82. 174. 83. 130 MCCULLOCH, REV. OSCAR C....................... 85. 48 FLETCHER, W. B............... 86. 312. 87. 35 BARNETT, L. A............... 88. 315. 89. 130. 91. 259 JOHNSON, ALEXANDER................... 92. 252. 93. 316 SMITH, JAMES.................................. 94. 238 BICKNELL, ERNEST P........... 95. 343. 96. 36. 97. 39 'BUTLER, AMOS W................... 98. 45. 99. 55. 00. 305. 01. 54. 02. 44. 03. 46. 05. 45. 06. 25 Iowa. WATKINS, C. S................................... 78. 17 CLEAVES, DR. MARGARET A....................80. xxxviii MCCOWAN, DR. JENNIE.......................... 82. 169. 83. 151. 85. 47. 86. 313. 87. 39. 92. 252 HUNTING, REV. S. S................. 88. 326. 89. 133 STARR, MISS M. E............................... 93. 318 MILLARD, MRS. F. A....... 94. 239. 95. 347 Howard, MRS. NETTIE F.......................... 96. 39 BURNETTE, W.S. R.......... 97. 397. 98. 48. 99. 58 KINNE, L. G. 00. 309. 01. 56. 02. 48. 03. 50. 04. 32. 05. 48 TREAT, F.S...................................... 06. 28 Indian Territory. HILL, ROBERT W............. 88. 318. 90. 318. 91. 259. 94. 239. 95. 346. 96. 38 RISHEL, E. H......................... 99. 57. 00. 308 EVANS, REV. A. GRANT.......................... 02. 47 Kansas. TAYLOR, GEN................................... 79. 15 FAULKNER, C. E............ 80. xlv. 87. 44. 88. 329. 89. 133. 90. 321. 91. 259. 97. 397 RHODES, F. F..................2................ 92. 252 BETTIN, F. H. 93. 323 TODD, REV. W. G................................ 94. 240 CLARK, G. A..................................... 96. 41 BLACKMAR, F. W.........00. 310. 01. 57. 02. 49. 03. 51. 05. 49. 06. 28 Kentucky. STANTON, H. H............................ 80. xxviii CALDWELL, P............... 81. 211. 83. 465. 85. 51 ANDERSON, CHAS................................. 83. 385 BLAIN, RANDOLPH H.............................. 86. 316

Page  77 CUMULATIVE INDEX 7T REPORTS FROM STATES - Kentucky - Continued. BECKNER, W. M....................... 88. 331. 89. 134 HUNTOON, B. B.... 90. 321. 91. 259. 92. 252. 95. 249 ROLPH, W. T................................. 96. 42 GALLAGHER, MISS EMMA A...... 98. 50. 99. 59. 00. 318. 01. 59. 02. 49. 03. 52. 04. 42. 05. 49. 06. 29 Louisiana. ALLEN, REV. CHARLES A............. 86. 318. 87. 47 KEARNY, J. A................................... 92. 252 HEYMAN, MICHEL............... 94. 240. 95. 349. 96. 43. 97. 398. 98. 52. 99. 60. 00. 320. 01. 60. 02. 51. 03. 54. 04. 46. 05. 51. 06. 30 Maine. MASON, REV. J. K.... 81. 205. 82. 63. 84. 29. 85. 52 DICKERSON, MRS. E. A............................ 82. 59 LORING, PRENTISS................................ 86. 318 STEVENS, MRS. L. M. N...................................90. 32(. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 327. 94. 240. 95. 350. 96. 45. 97. 400. 99. 62. 00. 321. 01. 61. 02. 53. 03..56. 04. 48 WENTWORTH, E. P..................... 05. 52. 06. 30 -Maryland. CONRAD, DR. J. S............................. 77. xviii GUNDRY, DR. RICHARD...........................80. xlii GRIFFITH, G. S........................ 85. 52. 86. 318 WARNER, A. G............... 87. 48. 88. 332. 89. 135. ADAMS, H. B....................90. 327 GLENN, JOHN M................................. 91. 259 BRACKETT, JEFFREY R................ 93. 331. 94. 242 MCLANE, MISS KATE M....... 95. 352. 96. 46. 97. 401. 98. 56. 99. 63. 00. 321. 01. 61. 02. 54 HOLLANDER, JACOB H.................... 03. 57. 04. 51 GRASTY, NATHANIEL G.......................... 06. 31 Massachusetts. ALLEN, DR. NATHAN............. 75. 23. 78. 27 SANBORN, FRANK B...... 76. 17. 77. xx. 80. xl. 81. 55. 82. 52. 83. 467. 84. 29. 89. 137. 96. 47 SPALDING, W. F......................79. 22 FLOWER, R. C................................... 83. 53 DONNELLY, CHARLES F............................ 85. 58 TUFTS, GRDNER................................. 86. 320 SHURTLEFF, H. S........................ 87. 48. 88. 336 RICHARDSON, MRS. ANNE B....................... 90. 327 MOULTON, DR. A. R.. 91. 259. 92.. 252 STONE, COL. HENRY........... 93. 339. 94. 243. 95. 354 W ELLS, J. D..................................... 97. 403. 98. 59. 99. 65. 00. 324. 01. 64. 02. 57 LEE, JOSEPH........... 03. 60. 04. 53. 05. 55. 06. 35, Michigan. LORD, HENRY W. 77. xvii. 78. 29. 79. 10. 80.xxxvi. BAXTER, W. J............................................. 81. 234. 82. 72. 83. 71. 84. 35. 85. 61

Page  78 78 CUMULATIVE INDEX REPORTS FROM STATES - Michigan - Continued. STORRS, L. C........ 86. 322. 87. 52. 88. 340. 89. 142. 90. 329. 92. 352. 93. 345. 99. 68. 00. 327. 01. 66. 02. 60. 03. 64. 04. 59. 05. 60. 06. 39 POST, DR. SAMUEL...................... 94. 244. 95. 355. 96. 52. 97. 405. 98. 62 Minnesota. CHASE, E. W................... 80. xlvii. 81. 237 HART, H. H................. 83. 308. 84. 41. 85. 61. 86. 323. 87. 53. 89. 147. 90. 332. 92.. 252 LUDDEN, J. D................................ 88. 343 SNYDER, C. L.................................... 91. 259 WILLIS, JOHN W....................... 93. 347. 94. 247 MAGINNIS, C. P................................. 95. 357 FOLWELL, WILLIAM W.................. 96. 55. 97. 407 COWIE, GEORGE D................................. 98. 64 JACKSON, JAMES F............. 99. 69. 00. 327. 01. 68 GATES, W. A............. 02. 63. 03. 66 GUTRIDGE, A. W.................. 04. 61. 05. 61. 06. 40 Mississippi. MITCHELL, DR. T. J.......................... 86. 324 HILLMAN, WALTER............. 88. 346. 89. 152 STONE, Gov. J. M................ 93. 357. 95. 358 POWER, J. L.................. 96. 57. 97. 409. 01. 71 HARRISON, W. S................................. 02. 66 Missouri. ROBERTSON, RT. REV. R. S..................... 85. 64 HALEY, REV. T. B. 86. 325. 87. 56. 89. 152. 92. 252 PERRY, MISS MARY E................... 93. 358. 95. 359. 97. 409. 98. 65. 99. 72. 00. 329. 01. 71. 02. 68. 03. 69. 04. 65. 05. 64. 06. 40 FINNEY, REV. THOMAS M........................ 96. 60 Montana. HATCH, MRS. D. F................. 92. 252. 93. 365 HOWEY, MRS. LAURA E. 94. 248. 95. 361. 96. 62. 98. 67. 99. 74. 00. 330 CUMMINS, MRS. M. S............................ 97. 411 JORDAN, WALTER M..................... 01. 73. 02. 70 Nebraska. CLARKSON, BISHOP........................... 80. xl MATHEWSON, H. P.............................. 83. 317 GILLESPIE, J. A.... 84. 43. 85. 65. 86. 327. 87. 58. 88. 350. 89. 152. 90. 333. 91. 259. 92. 252 CLARKE, A. W...... 93. 360. 94. 249. 95. 362. 96. 63. 97. 412. 98. 68. 99. 74. 00. 331. 01. 73. 02. 70. 03. 71. 04. 67. 05. 68. 06. 42 Nevada. WOODS, REV. J. L............ 85. 66. 86. 328. 89. 152 HYSLOP, REV. J. W.................... 94. 249. 95. 365 HENDERSON, L. O................................. 96. 65 New Hampshire. BEANE, REV. S. C..................... 85. 67 BANCROFT, DR. J. P....................88. 352. 89. 152 WATSON, DR. IRVING A.............. 90. 335. 93. 375 WENDELL, MISS C. R................... 94. 250. 95. 365

Page  79 CUMULATIVE INDEX i9 REPORTS FROM STATES - New Hampshire - Continued. BLODGETT, MRS. I. N. 96. 65. 97. 415. 98. 69. 01. 78 VARICK, MRS. M. H.............. 99. 77. 00. 333? STREETER, MRS. LILLIAN C........................... 02... 03... 0.4. 71. 05. 67. 06. 44 New Jersey. MEYRICK, A. S.................... 81. 229. 83. 205 ALLISON, SAMUEL................................ 82. 241 LAVERTY, P. H................................... 84. 45 HUNT, DR. E. M. 85. 68. 86. 328. 87. 62. 89. 156. 92. 252. 93. 376 WARMAN, DR. DAVID............. 94. 250. 95. 367 WILLIAMSON, IMRS. E. E........ 96. 67. 97. 416. 00. 337 Fox, HUGH F.................:. 98. 71. 99. 79 ALLEN, WILLIAM H......... 01. 79. 02. 76. 03. 79 W INES, F. H.................................... 04. 76 FOY, REV. F. A................................... 05. 69 GINGER, MIISS MINA C............................ 06..45 New Mexico. SMITH, REV. GEORGE. 93. 379. 95. 369 BORDEN, REV. MARY J......... 96. 70. 97. 419. 98. 68. 99. 81. 00. 539. 01. 79. 02. 79 New York. HOYT, DR. CHARLES S.....75. 16. 78. 28. 79. 20. 80. xliv. 81. 240. 82. 68. 83. 57. 84. 46. 85. 69. 86. 329. 87. 62. 88. 355. 89. 157 ROOSEVELT, THEODORE............................ 76. 20 KELLOGG, CHARLES D................... 91. 259. 92. 252 HOAG, MISS JULIA S................... 93. 379. 94. 251 FOLKS, HOMER......................... 95. 369. 96. 71. 97. 419. 98. 74. 99. 81. 00. 339. 01. 81 HEBBERD, R. W.........02. 79. 03. 83. 04. 78. 05. 71 BUCK,. BRAFORD.............................. 06. 49 North Carolina. MILLS, J. H................... 82. 157. 86. 530 VANCE, SENATOR................................. 83. 114 SCARBOROUGH, JOHN C.............. 83. 159. 89. 157 SAWYER, J. R................................... 91. 259 WILLSON REV. T. C.......... 92. 252. 93. 390. 94. 25 DENSON, C. B........ 90. 338. 95. 375. 96. 78. 97. 425. 98. 79. 99. 87. 00. 346. 01. 84. 02. 85 DENSON, M'ISS DAISY.... 03. 87. 04. 82. 05. 73. 06. 57 North Dakota. ARCHIBALD, DR. O. W........................... 89. 157 90. 348. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 391 BARTHOLOMEW, MRS. JAMES...................... 95. 376 HAMILTON, MRS. J. G.................. 96. 81. 97. 426 POOLE, T. N...................................... 99. 89 BRASTED, REV. B. H..................... 00. 349. 01. 87 HALL, FRANK D.......................... 04. 88. 06. 58 Ohio. BYERS, A. G............................ 78. 12. 79. 23 NEFF, W. H...................................... 81. 208. 82. 69. 83: 53. 84. 49. 85. 72. 88. 356

Page  80 80 CUMULATIVE INDEX REPORTS FROM STATES - Ohio - Continued. CARRINGTON, M. D..................... 86. 331. 89. 158 DOREN, JOHN G......................... 91. 259. 92. 259 BYERS, JOSEPH P.,93. 392. 94. 252. 95. 376. 96. 82. 97. 427. 98. 81. 99. 89. 00. 349. 01. 87. 02. 89. 03. 9 SHIRER, H. H................... 04. 91. 05. 75. 06. 58 Oklahoma. RAMSEY, MRS. R. W................ 97. 429. 01. 88 WENNER, F. L........................ 99. 92 HOLB, L. H...................... 05. 76 Oregon. ATKINSON, REV. G. H................. 83. 155. 84. 52 LINDSLEY, REV. A. L............................ 85. 74 HILL, ROBERT W...................... 86. 334. 87. 65. SPALDING, MISS HELEN F........................ 88. 359 ELIOT, REV. T. L.................. 89. 159. 91. 259 WALPOLE, W. R....................... 92. 252. 95. 378. 96. 85. 98. 84. 99. 93. 00. 352. 01. 89. 02. 91. 03. 95. 04. 94. 05. 77. 06. 60 Pennsylvania. MILLIGAN, REV. J. L............... 78. 22. 79. 19 DILLER, DR. LUTHER....................................... 75. 19. 76. 20. 80. xxi. 81. 86. 83. 37 WARNE, HENRY.............................. 82. 66 W ALK, DR. J. W......................................... 82. 67. 96. 86. 97. 430. 98. 85. 99. 94 GARRETT, PHILIP C.............................. 84. 52 SAWYER, W. J................................... 85. 74 BIDDLE, C DWALADER....................................86. 336. 87. 66. 88. 361. 89.. 166. 90. 349. 92. 352. 93. 401. 94. 253. 95. 379 ATKINSON, F. J.... 00. 353. 01. 90 NORRIS, MRS. ROLLIN.................. 02. 92. 03. 96 KELSEY, CARL......................... 06. 61 Rhode Island. CHASE, GEORGE I.... 76. 23. 77. xv KENYON, DR..................................... 78. 26 PENDLETON, M.................................... 80. xliii CHAPIN, W. W...... 81. 214. 84. 53. 85. 79. 92. 252 SMITH, LEWIS B.................................. 83. 51 CHADSEY, A. B. 88. 362 KEENE, DR. GEORGEF. 88. 363. 89. 169. 90. 351. 03. 98 BARNEY, MRS. J. K............................ 91. 259 NUTTING, REV. JAMES H.......................... 93. 404. 94. 253. 95. 381. 96. 89. 97. 431., 98. 87 GARDNER, H. B....... 99. 96. 00. 354. 01. 91. 02. 93 SMITH, GEORGE L................................ 05. 79 EASTMAN, JAMES H. 06. 66

Page  81 CUMULATIVE INDEX 81 REPORTS FROM STATES- Continued. South Carolina. GRIFFIN, DR. P. E....................... 8 80 BOOKER, N. W............. 88. 364. 93. 409. 94. 254 BABCOCK, DR. J. W............................... 95. 381 W ALKER, N. F.................................... 96. 89 RHETT, MRS. M. A........................... 98. 88 JOYNER, ARCHDEACON E. N................................. 00.. 356. 01. 93. 02. 94. 03. 99. 04. 97 South Dakota. KANOUSE, T. D. 89. 169. 90. 352. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 410. 95. 382 RICKEY, Z............................... 94. 254 SHERRARD, REV. W. B........96. 90. 97. 432. 98. 90. 99. 99. 00. 360. 01. 93. 02. 97. 03. 101. 04. 97. 05. 80 Tennessee. BACHMAN, J. W.............................. 83. 158 FERRIS, JUDGE..................................... 84. 54 MERRIWETHER, MRS. L............................ 85. 81 FRENCH, MRS. L. C.............................. 91. 259 CALDWELL, R. R.............. 92. 252. 94. 252. 95. 382 HOKE, MATT........................... 96. 91. 98. 92 Texas. SAUNDERS, DR................................. 80. xxxiv DENTON, DR. A. N...................... 85. 83. 86. 339 MCCULLOCH, BEN E....... 90. 354. 92. 252. 93. 411 KENNEDY, REV. W. L.......... 96. 92. 97. 432. 98. 93 BUCKNER, REV. R. C... 88. 367. 89. 170. 99. 99. 00. 361. 01. 93. 04. 98. 06. 69 Utah. BANE, M. M...................................... 84. 54 PADDOCK, MRS. C. G. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 414. 94. 255. 95. 384. 96. 94 PADDOCK, MISS GRACE................... 98. 95. 99. 101. 00. 363. 01. 94. 02. 97. 04. 101. 05. 81 DUSENBERRY, MRS. IDA SMOOT..................... 06. 70 Vermont. FAIRBANK, MRS. W. G........................ 81. 237 FAIRBANK, W. G.............. 83. 379. 84. 57. 85. 84 DORR, MISS JULIA C. R................. 86. 340. 93. 419 DRAPER, DR. JOSEPH.......... 89. 172. 92. 252. 95. 384 WRIGHT, REV. J. EDWARD........................ 91. 259. 96. 98. 97. 434. 98. 97. 99. 102. 00. 364. 01. 95. 02. 99. 03. 102. 04. 102. 05. 82. 06. 71 Virginia. CURRY, J. M................................... 85. 85 CRENSHAW, JOHN B... 86. 341. 87. 68 ARMSTRONG, GEN. S. C............................................... 88. 368. 89. 173. 90. 355. 91. 259 GILLIAM, ROBERT................... 95. 385. 96. 97 DREWRY, DR. W. F... 97. 436. 98. 97. 99. 103. 00. 364. 01. 95. 02. 99. 03. 103. 04. 103. 05. 83. 06. 71 6 CI

Page  82 82 CUMULATIVE INDEX REPORTS FROM STATES- Continued. Washington. WICKERSHAM, JAMES.. 85. 88. 86. 342. 87. 68. 93. 424 THOMPSON, REV. JOHN R......................... 95. 390 WESTENDORF, THOMAS P.... 96. 98. 98. 99. 99. 105. 01. 100. 02. 101. 03. 10& GRIFFITHS, AUSTIN E............... 04. 107. 05. 84 MURRAY, MISS ANNA H......................... 06. 72 West Virginia. SWOPE, REV. R. R................................. 85. 89. 86. 344. 87. 69. 89. 174. 90. 356 DAY, REV. S. HAMILTON.... 93. 424. 94. 257. 95. 390 MILLER, THOS. C.............. 96. 99. 97. 438. 98. 100. 99. 105. 00. 366. 01. 101. 02. 101 MORROW, MRS. N. C........ 03. 106. 04. 109. 05. 86 BROWN, R. H.................................... 06. 73 Wisconsin. HAIGHT, T. W................................ 76. 21 ELMORE, A. E............. 77. xiii. 79. 11 GILES, H. H...................................... 75. Z6 80. xxv. 81. 97. 228. 83. 43. 84. 58. 85. 91 WRIGHT, A................ 81. 97. 82. 253. 89. 17.S PROCTOR, LEWIS A................................ 83. 389 VIVIAN, DR. JOHN H.......... 86. 344. 87. 70. 88. 371 HOLDEN, E. O................................ 91. 259 FRELSON, GUSTAV........... 94. 258. 95. 391. 96. 100 HEG, J. E.......... 97. 439. 98. 101. 99. 107. 01. 103 GROTOPHORST, H...... 02. 102. 03. 107. 05. 86. 06. 74 Wyoming. MORRIS, ROBERT C.................................... 86. 347. 87. 73. 89. 179. 90. 356. 92. 252 FARWELL, S. T.............. 94. 258. 95. 393 REEL, MISS ESTELLE................ 96. 102. 97. 441 SHELDON, F. B.......................... 01. 103. 02. 104 Canada. CUMMINGS, MRS. WILLOUGHBY.................. 00. 367 Manitoba. SIFTON, JOHN W.................... 93. 329. 94. 233 YOUNG, DR. DAVID.............................. 96. 105 New Brunswick....................................... 93. 375 BOYD, REV. HUNTER..................................... 02. 110. 03. 109. 04. 110. 05. 86. 06. 7T N ova Scotia............................................ 93. 391 BORDEN, MRS. LAWRENCE......................... 02. 112' Ontario. LANGMUIR, J. W................................ 81. 238 ROSEBRUGH, DR. A. M. 93. 398. 94. 234. 95. 393. 96. 1'03. 97. 443. 98. 104. 99. 109. 02. 114. 03. 110. 04. 111. 05. 88. 06. 76 Prince Edward Island./ BALDERSTON, B.................. 02. 116 Quebec. MCLEAN, FRANCIS H........................... 02. 117 LANE, R. H.......................... 03. 112. 05. 89 Cuba. SUAREZ, M. R..................................... 00. 374 CLARKE, JEROME B...................... 01. 105. 02. 106 VALDES, DR. JUAN B............................... 06. 77

Page  83 CUMULATIVE INDEX 83 REPORTS FROM STATES Concluded. Porto Rico. OSTERHOUTr, B. H.......................... 03. 10 Mexico. ORNELAS, PLUTARCO........................... 00. 379 GODOY, JOSE F.................................... 01. 109 Responsibility, Full Measure of, PEAR, WILLIAM H............ 06. 96 Revolution, The Need of (Treatment of Criminal), STONAKER, C. L..................................................... 01. 152 Reynolds, Dr. A., The Prevention of Pauperism................ 79. 211 Reynolds, James B., The Settlement and Municipal Reform.... 96. 138 Reynolds, J. H., Report from Arkansas..... 04. 23. 05. 33. 06. 19 Rhett, Mrs. M. A., Work in Charleston, S. C.................. 94. 34 Report from South Carolina............... 98. 8 Rhode Island, Reports from, see Reports from States. Rhodes, F. F., Report from Kansas........................... 92. 252 Rice, Edward W., The Settlement Laws of Massachusetts...... 74. 8 Richards, Prof. C. R., Trade Schools; Their Place in Industry, Education and Philanthropy............................... 95. 195 Richards, James B., The Education of the Feeble-Minded...... 85. 174 Richards, Linda, Mission Training Schools.................... 94. 100 The Moral Influence of Trained Nurses in, Hospitals................... 95. 256 Richardson, Dr. A. B., Brain Care............................ 88. 69 Legal Requirements for the Commitment of the Insane...................... 01. 165 The Restriction of Personal Liberty in the Care of the Insane............. 86. 267 Richardson, Mrs. Anne B., The Co-operation of Women in Philanthropy.................... 92. 21G Massachusetts Institutions......... 86. 131 The Massachusetts System of Placing and Visiting............... 80. 186 Report from Massachusetts....... 90. 327 Richmond, Mary E., Charitable Co-operation.................. 01. 298 Married Vagabonds...................... 95. 514 The Message of the Associated Charities. 01. 327 The Need of a Training School in Applied Philanthropy................... 97. 181 Ries, Col. F. J.,, The Police System of Milwaukee.............. 87. 115 Riggs, Dr. Eugene C., Progress in the Care of the Insane in the Last Twenty Years.................................. 93. 222 Riis, Jacob A., A Blast of Cheer............................. 01. 18 Ring, T. F., The Boston Wayfarers' Lodge.................... 85. 321 Catholic Child-Helping Agencies in the United States...................................... 96. 320 Outdoor Public Relief in Massachusetts.......... 95. 61 Rishel, E. H., Report from Indian Territory........... 99. 57. 00. 308 Robertson, Rt. Rev. C. F., The Charitable Institutions of St. Louis....................... 84. 59

Page  84 84 CUMULATIVE INDEX Robertson, Rt. Rev. C. F., Report fronm Missouri............ 85. 64 Robins, Raymond, What Constitutes a Modern Municipal Lodging H ouse................................................ 04. 155 Robinson, George B., Distinction Between Destitute and Delinquent Children...................... 02. 440 Robinson, George S., President's Address...................... 79. 1 Report from Illinois.................... 79. 13 Robinson, Maria S., A Floating Hospital...................... 95. 269 Rogers, Dr. A. C., Functions of a School for the Feeble-Minded. 88. 101 Recent Attempts at Restrictive Marriage Legislation.......................... 01. 200 Rogers, Dr. A. C., Chm., Committee Report on Feeble-Minded and Epileptics............. 94. 168. 03. 254 Committee Report on Feeble-Minded and Idiotic Persons; Their Training...... 89. 83 Rogers, Mrs. Helen W., Probation System of the Juvenile Court of Indianapolis.......................................... 04. 369 Rogers, Miss Lina L., Physician and Nurse in Public School... 05. 273 Rolph, W. T., Thz Great Tornado........................... 90. 49 The Louisville Charity Organization Society and Its Work................... 95. 93 Report from Kentucky............... 96. 42 Roosevelt, Theodore, Chm., Committee Report on Medical Charities......................... 77. 31 Colmmittee Report on State Boards.... 77. viii Report on State Charities Aid Association.............................. 77. xii Rosebrugh, Dr. A. M., Report from Ontario......... 93. 398 94. 234. 95. 393. 96. 103. 97. 443. 98. 104. 99. 109. 02. 114. 03. 110. 04. 111. 05. 88. 06. 76 Rosenau, N. S., Day Nurseries.........................,...... 94. 333. Organized Charity........................... 97. 144 Schemes for Self-Help of the Poor.......... 86. 176 Rosenau, Nathaniel S., Chm., Committee Report on Charity Organization............................................. 90.. 25 Rosengarten, J. G., A Successful Experiment in Utilizing Unemployed Labor......................................... 94. 58 Rowe, Dr. G. H. M., A Plea for Trained Nurses for Almshouse Hospitals............................................... 95. 276 Rowland, Mrs. L. P., The Friendly Visitor..................... 96. 256 Ruhey, Z., Report from South Dakota........................ 94. 254 Ruptured and Crippled, Hospital for, in New York City, K NIGHT, DR. J........................................... 81. 246 Russell, Rev. Frank, The Families of Prisoners................ 80; 75 Russell, Dr. Ira, The Care of Epileptics....................... 81. 325 Rutter, Dr. H. C., Colony Care of the Epileptic. 97. 63 Expert Testimony in Insanity Trials........ 99. 189

Page  85 CUMULATIVE INDEX S Safford, George B., Why Should Religious Societies Co-operate With Charity Organization Societies?..................... 92. 436 Salvation Army Relief Work of the, SOLENBERGER, E. D......... 06. 349 Sanatoria for Consumptives, MEYER, DR. ALFRED............... 02. 239 Sanborn, F. B., Advantages of Strict Settlement Laws......... 98. 231 Care of the Chronic Insane in Families........ 86. 260 The Education of the African Race............ 87. 170 Immigration and Insanity..................... 98. 268 The Increase of Insanity...................... 95. 186 The Management of Almshouses in New England..................................... 84. 300 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Albert G. Byers...... 91. 250 Memorial Tributes to Andrew E. Elmore, Philip C. Garrctt, A. O. IWright and Lavega G. Kinne.................................... 06. 491 Migration and Immigration................... 86. 253 National Legislation for Protection of Immigrants and Prevention of Pauperism........ 76. 162 Outdoor Re.ief in Greece and Italy........... 90. 94 Public Charities in Europe.................... 91. 167 Regulation of Immigration.................... 87. 212 Report from Massachusetts.. 77. xx. 80. xl. 81. 55. 82. 52. 83. 467. 84. 29. 89. 137. 96. 47 State Care versus State Custody (Insane).... 00. 93 Statistics of Pauperism in the United States... 77. 20 Tramp Laws and Indeterminate Sentences..... 80. 277 Work Accomplished by State Boards.......... 87. 75 Sanborn, F. B., Chin., Committee Report on Immigration and Interstate Migration....................... 93. 76 Indoor and Outdoor Relief.................... 90. 73 Prevention of Pauperism...................... 85. 402 State Legislation for Insane.................. 89. 7S State Boards of Charities..................... 74. 14 Sanders, Dr., Report from Texas.......................... 80. xxxiv San Francisco Relief, BICKNELL, ERNEST P..................... 06. 481 Sanitary Oversight of Dwellings, MOORE, MARION I............95. 508 Savage, Rev. E. P., Desertion by Parents............. 95. 213. 97. 317 Savings Society, The, SCRIBNER, ANNE TOWNSEND............. 87. 143 Sawyer, W., Jr., Report from Pennsylvania.................... 85. 74 Scanlon, M. J., Chin., Committee Report on State Supervision and Administration....................................... 04. 167 Scarborough, John C., Report from North Carolina............ 83. 159 Schaetzel, Jacob, Jr., Report from Dakota.................... 86. 308 Scholastic and Industrial Education, COBB, MARY E. R........... 96. 348 Schurz, Hon. Carl, The Spoils System........................ 98. 247 Science and Sentiment in Economic Policy, HADLEY, PROF. ARTHUR T........................................... 95. 117

Page  86 86 CUMULATIVE INDEX Scientific Study of Social Problems, Discussion................ 96. 455 Schonfarber, James G., Charity from the Standpoint of the K nights of Labor......................................... 90. 58 Scouller, Dr. J. D., Can We Save the Boys?................... 84. 102 Scribner, Anne Townsend, The Savings Society............... 87. 143 Searcy, Dr. J. T., For What Classes (Insane) Should the State Make Provision................................ 03. 418 Self Help of the Poor, Schemes for, ROSENAU, N. S........ 86. 176 Seguin, Dr. E. C., The Right of the Insane to Liberty... 80. 166 Selling, Louis, Practical Charity and Jewish Methods.......... 97. 231 Service, The Glory of, Conference Sermon, MITCHELL, REV. S. S. 88. 281 SETTLEMENT Laws, Advantages of Strict, SANBORN, F. B....... 98. 231 Laws of, Committee Report, WINES, F. H., Chm... 98. 22 Laws of Massachusetts, The, RICE, EDWARD R..... 74. 8 Laws, Necessity of, Uniform, LAWRENCE, CHARLES. 99. 162 Laws of, and the Right to Public Relief, WINES, F. H........................................ 98. 223 SETTLEMENTS, Discussion..................................... 96. 460 and Education, The, ABT, JACOB J.............. 96. 117 Idea, The, ELY ROBERT E........................ 97. 332 English and Scotch, CALDWELL, DR. W......... 96. 110 and Municipal Reform, The, REYNOLDS, JAMES B. 96. 138 and Organized Charity, The, MCDOWELL, MARY E. 96. 123 Religion in the, HODGES, DEAN GEORGE........... 96. 150 Reports, Tabulation of.......................... 96. 168 Social, ADDAMS, JANE........................... 97. 338 Social, LOCH, C. S............................. 96. 128 Social and Charity Organization Problems, WARNER, BEVERLY.03. 308 Social and Charity Organizations, Relation Between, HUNTER, ROBERT.................... 02. 302 Social, in Cities, Committee report, LATHROP, JULIA C., Chin............................. 96. 166 * Social and the Labor Movement, The, TAYLOR, GRAHAM................................... 96. 143 Social, in Cities, Committee Report on, PEABODY, FRANCIS G., Chin........................... 97. 329 Social, Civic Efforts of, DAVIS, KATHERINE BEMENT....................................... 96. 131 Sociological Laboratory, Hull House as, LATHROP, MISS JULIA C.......................... 94. 313 Work StaUds for, What the, LATHROP, JULIA C., 96. 106 Shaffer, Dr. Newton M., Care of Crippled and Deformned Children.............................................. 98. 393 Shaw, Dr. J. C., The Practicability and Value of Non-Restraint in the Treatment of the Insane........................... 80. 137 Shelden, F. B., Report from Wyoming.............. 01. 103. b2. 104 Sherborn, The Women's Prison at, PARSONS, THOMAS......... 81. 266

Page  87 CUMULATIVE INDEX 87 Sherrard, Rev. W. B., Report from South Dakota........................................... 96. 90. 97. 432. 98. 90. 99. 99. 00. 360. 01. 93. 02. 97. 03. 101. 04. 97. 05. 80 Shirer, H. H., Report from Ohio............ 04. 91. 05. 75. 06. 58 Shortall, John G., Child Saving Work of the Humane Societies. 97. 110 Shurtleff, H. S., Report from Massachusetts.......... 87. 48. 88. 336 State Care of Destitute Infants............. 89. 1 SICK, CARE OF THE, Committee Report, ANCKER, DR. ARTHUR B., Ch............................ 06. 165 BIJUR, NATHAN, Chin.................... 05. 186 Discussion on................... 05. 582. 06. 530 in Hospitals and in Their Homes, The, LINDLEY, DR. WALTER................ 05. 194 Sickles, Mrs. Lucy M., Industrial Training in Girls' Schools... 97. 127 Wffoman's Influence in Juvenile Reformatories.... 94. 164 Sifton, John W., Report from Manitoba............. 93. 329. 94. 233 Simkhovitch, Mrs. Vladimir, The Enlarged Functions of the Public School.................................. 04. 471 Skinner, J. W., How May We Rescue Street Childrenf........ 82. 122 Slocum, Rev. W. F., Jr., Drunkards' Families................. 88. 131 The Education of the Indians......... 92. 70 The Practical Side of Charity Organization..........................- 92. 211 Small, H. B., The Church's Duty to the Poor............ 97. 233 Smallwood, William C., The Development of the Individual.... 00. 265 Smith, Mrs. Andrew H., Trained Nurses Among the Sick Poor in New York................ 90. 110 Smith, Eugene, Labor as a Means of Reformation......... 85. 265 Smith, Frances A., Continued Care of Families........ 95. 87 Smith, George L., Report from Rhode Island................. 05. 79 Smith, Rev. G., Report from New Mexico........... 93. 379. 95. 369 Smith, Hoke, Child Labor and Illiteracy.................... 03. 188 Smith, James, Report from Indiana........................... 94..238 Smith, Lewis B., Report from Rhode Island................. 83. 51 Smith, Marion E., Trained Nurses in Hospitals for the Insane. 94. 102 Smith, Rev. Samuel G., The Heart of the Problem............ 01. 12 Public Policy in the Care of the Insane. 00. 83 Social Standards, President's Address. 05. 1 State Boards of Charities....... 00. 182 Smith, Dr. Stephen, Care of the Filthy Classes of Insane....... 85. 148 Compensation of Insane Labor............ 84. 222 State Legislation for the Insane........ 90. 251 Uses and Abuses of Medical Charities.... 98. 320 Smith, Dr. Stephen, Chin., Committee Report on Commitment and Detention of. the Insane. 88. 25. 92. 94 State Legislation for the Insane......... 89. 78 Smith, T. Guilford, The Best Development of the Central Work of a Society for Organizing Charity....................... 81. 192

Page  88 88 CUMULATIVE INDEX Smith, Mrs. Virginia T., The Economy of the State in the Care of Dependent and Neglected Children................ 87. 238 Report from Connecticut.. 91. 259 92. 252 Women in Philanthropic and Reformatory Work.............. 91. 230 The Work of Finding Homes for Children in Connecticut........ 85. 210 Smith, Mrs.-Virginia T., Chm., Committee Report on Preventive Work Among Children............................. 86. 124 Smith, Miss Zilpha D., The Education of the Friendly Visitor.. 92. 445 How to Get and Keep Visitors............ 87. 156 Volunteer Visiting......................... 84. 69 Smith, Zilpha D., Chm., Committee Report on Charity Organi-. zation.................................. 88. 120 Committee Report on Needy Families in their H om es................................. 01. 284 Smyth John H., Negro Delinquent Children................... 98. 471 Snedden, David S., Social Statistics as Presented in the Reports of the Board of State Charities...................... 06. 42,2 Snell, W. B., The Reform School of Washington............... 85. 273 Prisons of the District of Columbia............. 85. 297 Snyder, Clarence, Boards of Control.......................... 95. 37 Report from Miesota................... 91. 259 "Social Classes," Is the Term a Scientific Category? GIDDINGS, FRANKLIN H................... 95. 110 Social Degeneration in Towns and Rural Districts, BLACKMAR, F....................................................... 115 Social Science and Statistics, The Relation of, WILCOX, WALTER F................................................. 94. 86 Social Settlements, see Settlements. Social Standards, President's Address, SMITH, REV. S. G...... 05. 1 Social Statistics by Boards of State Charities, SNEDDEN, DAVID S....................................... 06. 422 Social Up-Draught, Developing the, PEABODY, REV. FRANCIS G.. 97. 225 Social Workers, Training for, Committee Report, TAYLOR GRAHAM, Chm......... 05. 436 BRACKETT, JEFFRY R., Chm.... 06. 445 Societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Children, their Relation to Child Saving Work, GERRY, ELBRIDGE T................ 82. 127 Societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Children, Work of, CUSHING, GRAFTON D....................................... 06. 106 Sociological Laboratory, Hull House as, see Settlements. Sociology, Committee Report, FARLEY, DR. JOHN H., Ch...... 94. 67 Sociology in Institutions of Learning, Committee Report, Low, SETH, Chin.................................... 95. 110 Sociology, Instruction in, in Institutions of Learning, FULCOMER, DANIEL........................................... 94. 67

Page  89 CUMULATIVE INDEX 6 Sociological and Practical Value of Our Accumulated Knowledge, SPENCER, REV. ANNA GARLIN....................... 04. 223 Sociology in Schools and Colleges, Its Feasibility and Probable Results, POWERS, PROF. H. H............................ 95. 122 Sociology, Statistics of Instruction in........................ 94. 80 SOLDIERS' Homes, The Administration of, FORCE, M. F.......... 97. 21 Homes and Pensions, Committee Report, FAULKNER, C. E., Chn..................................... 96. 276 and Sailors' Homes; Committee Report, CASTLE, HENRY A., Chin................................ 97. 14 and Sailors' Homes, Committee Report, FAULKNER, C. E., Chn..................................... 95. 510 and Sailors' Home, Discussion on.......... 96. 431. 97. 460 Homes, State, CLOUGH, COL. EDGAR E............. 96. 280 Home System, The Limitations of the, FAULKNER, C. E.......................................... 97. 17 Solenberger, E. D., Relief Wlork of the Salvation Arnmy....... 06. 349 Solenberger, Mrs. E. D. (Alice Willard), Reinstatement of Vagrants Through Municipal Lodging House................ 03. 404, Sonnenschein, Rabbi, H. S., Hebrew Charities During -the Middle Ages................................................ 83. 323 South Carolina, Reports from, see Reports from States. South Dakota, Reports from, see Reports from States. South and North Solve Own Problems, The President's Address, DE FOREST, ROBERT W..................................... 03. 1 Spalding, Miss Helen F., Report from Oregon................ 88. 359 Spalding, Rt, Rev. John L., Charity and Justice, Conference Sermon................................................. 02. 13 Spalding, Warren F., Indeterminate Sentences............. 97. 46 The Progress of Prison Reform......... 96. 406 Report from Massachusetts............. 79. 22 Some Methods of Preventing Crime..... 80. 60 Suggestions About the Reformation of Criminals.......................... 81. 257 Spencer, Rev. Anna Garlin, Sociological and Practical Value of Our Accumulated Knowledge............................ 04. 223 Spencer, Mrs. Sara A., Report from District of Columbia......... 81. 55. 82. 164. 84. 24. 85. 39. 87. 30. 88. 310. 89. 183 Sperry, Mrs. J. S., Prison Regulation......................... 89. 55 Report from Colorado............ 85. 32. 86. 305. 87. 23. 88. 301. 89. 123. 90. 317 Spink, Dr. Mary, Psychopathic Hospitals.................... 03. 428 Spirit of Humanity, The, Conference Sermon, BARROWS, REV. J. H.................................................... 90. 16 SPOILS SYSTEM, The, LEWIS, CHARLTON J...................... 98. 446 The, SCHURZ, CARL.......................... 98. '247 Dangers of the, SWIFT, LUCIUS B............. 96. 391

Page  90 90 CUMULATIVE INDEX SPOILS SYSTEM, The Essential Iniquity of the, GARRETT, PHILIP C................................ 00. 31 see also Civil Service Reform and Politics in Institutions, etc. Spratling, Dr. William P., The Remedial, Economic, and Ethical Value of Labor................ 98. 309 Industrial Education for Epileptics.. 97. 69 An Ideal Colony for Epileptics...... 03. 259 Standards of Living, FORMAN, S. E........................... 06. 342 Discussion on........................... 06. 514 Stanley, W. E., Conditional Liberation........................ 00. 408 Stanton, H. H., Report from Kentucky..................... 80. xxviii Starr, Miss M. E., Report from Iowa........................... 93. 318 State Aid to Private Institutions, PRENDERGAST, RICHARD....... 86. 161 State Boards of Charities, Committee Reports on: BARBOUR, LEVI L., Chm................................. 94. 9 BRINKERHOFF, ROELIFF, Chn............................ 81. 37 FOLLETT, M. D., Chin.................................. 91. 54 GILES, H. H., Chm..................................... 86. 19 GILLESPIE, RT. REV. G. D., Chm......................... 83. 19 HOYT, DR. C. S., Chm.................................78. 5 LETCHWORTH, WILLIAM P., Ch........................ 92. 13 LINCOLN, LEONTINE, Ch............................... 00 ROOSEVELT, THEODORE, Chm........................... 77. viii SANBORN, F. B., Ch......................... 74. 14. 87. 75 WINES, FREDERICK H., Chmi.................... 90. 63. 95. 28 STATE BOARDS of Charities, SMITH, REV. S. G.................. 00. 182 as it Looks to a New Member, ELDER, JOHN R........... 91. 162 as Boards of Control, BRINKERHOFF, ROELIFF............ 94. 1i Extension of, to all States and Territories, ANDREWS, JOHN W.................................... 86. 26 History of, Committee Report, CRAIG, OSCAR, Chmn........ 93. 33 Organization, Powers and Duties of, LETCHWORTH, W. P. 92. 13 Proper Functions of, CHACE, GEORGE I.................. 82. 19 -Relation to Child Caring Societies, Fox, HUGH F........ 99. 384 Utility of, ROBINSON, GEORGE S......................... 81. 51 Value of, BARBOUR, LEVI L.............................. 94. 9 Discussions on....................... 81. 76. 82. 24. 83. 35. 87. 266. 90. 410. 91. 369. 94. 278. 00. 438 STATE Care versus State Custody (Insane), SANBORN, F. B.... 00. 93 Charities Aid Association, EATON, DORMAN B.......... 75. 105 Charities Aid Association, Report on, ROOSEVELT, THEODORE........................................... 77. xxii Charities Aid Association of New York, The Work of, FOLKS, HOMER................................... 97. 278 Charities and Pauperism, ANDREWS, JOHN W............ 79. 36 Charitable and Correctional Institutions, Efficiency in, HANLY, J. FRANK................................ 06. 401

Page  91 CUMULATIVE INDEX,91 STATE Conferences of Charities'in Reports from States.05. 93. 06. 83 Control and Supervision, see State Supervision. Medicine, Its Relation to Insanity and Public Charity, ALLEN, DR. NATHAN............................... 75. 29 Medicine, Its Relation to Insanity and Public Charity, Discussion on.................................. 75. 50 and Municipal Control of Tuberculosis, RAVENAL, MAYZCK, P......................................... 06. 182 and National Registration of the Dependent, The Defective and the Delinquent Classes, President's Address, MCCULLOCH, OSCAR C.............................. 91. 10 Public School Idea at Its Best, The, MONTGOMERY, J. B.. 00. 231 Soldiers' Homes, see Soldiers' Homes. State Schools, General Culture in, LINDLEY, DR. WALTER....... 94. 149 STATE SUPERVISION and Administration, Committee Reports on, BLACKMAR, FRANK W.; Chin........ 03. 358 BRACKETT, JEFFREY R., Chmn........... 02. 122 LATHROP, MISS JULIA C., Chin........ 05. 420 SCANLON, M. J., Ch................ 04. 167 and Control, WINES, F. H............... 02. 147 and Control, Limits to, CLARK, A. W...... 04. 180 Discussion on................ 02. 367. 03. 494, 508. 04. 599. 602. 05. 494. 06, 544 of Private Charities, HART, HASTINGS H... 02. 130 Work in Iowa, COWNIE, JOHN............. 02. 140 Statistical Inquiry, Form for Committee Reports............... 75. 99 Statistical Needs, Our, KOREN, JOHN. 06. 418 Statistical Study of Hereditary Criminality, GOULD, E. R. L.... 95. 134 Statistics, WINES, F. H...................................... 81. 196 STATISTICS, Committee Report, BUTLER, AMOS W., Chi........ 06. 412 JONES, I. C., Ch............................... 85. 387 WINES, F. H., Chn............................ 80. 317 Comparative, of Reformatories for Children, HART, H. H........................................ 85. 387 Crime and Pauperism, Committee Report on...... 74. 34 Discussion on............................ 74. 41. 77. 28 of Dependent Families, BRANDT, LILIAN.......... 06. 434 on Insanity, Medical Charity and Out-Door Relief, LUTHER, DR. DILLER......................... 76. 151 of Juvenile Reformatories....................... 85. 395 of Pauperism and Insanity, Committee Report..... 85. 383 of Playgrounds.............................. 06. 411 Social, of State Boards of Charities, SNEDDEN, DAVID S..................................... 06. 422 Their Value in Charity Organization Work, KELLOGG, CHARLES D............................ 90. 31 Uniform, WINES, F. H.......................... 85. 390

Page  92 92 CUMULATIVE INDEX Stearns, William J., Chm., Committee Report on Care of Insane.................................................. 98. 283 Stevens, Mrs. L. M..N., Report from Maine 90. 323. 91. 259. 92. 252. 93. 327. 94. 240. 95. 350. 96. 45. 97. 400. 99. 62. 00. 321. 01. 61. 02. 53. 03. 56. 04. 48 Stewart, William R., Duty of the State to the Erring and Dependent, President's Address........................... 98. 1 Stonaker, C. L., The Need of Revolution (Treatment of Criminal)................................. 01. 152 Report from Colorado.......... 01. 43. 02. 32.. 03. 31 Stonaker, C. L., Chm., Committee Report on County and Municipal Institutions................... 03. 373 Committee Report on Lockups, Jails and Workhouses...................................... 00. 44 Stone, Col. Henry, Report from Massachusetts....... 93. 339. 94. 243 Stone, Gov. J. M., Report from Mississippi......... 93. 357. 95. 358 Storrs, Lucius C., President's Address....................... 94. 1 Report from Michigan........ 86. 322. 87. 52. 88. 340. 89. 142. 90. 329. 92. 352. 93. 345. 99. 68. 00. 327. 01. 66. 02. 60. 03. 64. 04. 59. 05. 60. 06. 39 Story of John and Mary Baker, The, BICKNELL, ERNEST P..... 01. 344 St. ~John, J. E., Chm., Committee Report on Industrial and Reformatory Institutions.................................. 99. 336 St. Louis, Catholic Charities of, FOY, PETER................... 84. 159 St. Paul, A Winter's Work in (Charity Organization), JACKSON, JAMES F........................ 94. 30 Street Arab, The, see Children. Street Boy, The, see Children. Street Children, see Children. Streeter, Mrs. Lillian C., Report from New Hampshire............................... 02. 74. 03. 76. 04. 71. 05. 67. 06. 44 Streeter, Wm. B., Admission of Children to Orphanages........ 04. 331 Stuart, James M., An Indian's View of the Difficulties Besetting Him............................................... 92. 66 Stubbs, Judge Geo. W., Mission of the Juvenile Court.......... 04. 350 Suarez, M. R., Report from Cuba............................. 00..374 Subsidies, Committee Report, FETTER, FRANK A., Chn......... 01. 118 Subsidies, Public, to Private Charities, MACFARLAND, H. B. F.. 06. 227 Subsidy Problem in New York City, COLER, BIRD S............. 01. 131 See also State Aid. Summary Evictions from Tenements, ALMY. FREDERIC........ 06. 376 Summer Homes and Sanitaria Near Large Cities, BRACE, C. LORING................................................. 84. 150 Summer Outings (Children), BICKNELL, ERNEST P.......... 04. 280 Sweden, Reformatories for Youth, Etc., ALMQUIST, G. F.....* 84. 190 Swift, Lucius B., Dangers of the Spoils System................ 96. 391

Page  93 CUMULATIVE INDEX 93 Swift, Lucius B., Chm., Committee Report on Politics in Charitable and Correctional Institutions......................... 99. 233 Swope, Rev. R. R., Report from West irginia.................................... 85. 89. 86. 344. 87. 69. 89. 174. 90. 356 T Tallack, William, The Treatment of Criminals................ 84. 272 Tanner, J. Mack, Report from Illinois............... 05. 44. 06. 24 Taste and Recreation in Buildings for Charity, GILLESPIE, RT. REV. G. D....................................... 80. 297 Taylor, Graham, Organized Charity and Organized Labor...... 05. 458 Recent Developments in Municipal Activities Tending to Neighborhood Improvement.. 04. 486 The Social Settlement and the Labor Movement............................ 96. 143 Taylor, Graham, Chin., Committee Report on Training for Social Workers.......................................... 05. 4,6 Taylor, Gen., Report from Kansas......................... 79. 15 Taylor, H. C., Arguments Against Public Out-Door Relief.... 91. 37 Taylor, Dr. William B., The Medical Charities of Cincinnati.... 78. 44 Technologic System, The, FULTON, LEVI S.................... 88. 215 Telegraph Hill, The Saving of, MOORE, DR. DOROTHEA......... 05. 375 Tenement-Houses, Management of, BAILEY, ELLEN H......... 02. 351 Tenement-House Problem in Cincinnati, The, HUBBARD, C. M.. 03. 352 Tenements, Summary Evictions from, ALMY, FREDERIC........ 06. 376 Tennessee, Reports from, see Reports from States. Tenney, Mrs. S. E., The Class for the Study of the Friendly V/isitor's Work........................................ 92. 452 Texas, Reports from, see Reports from States. Theocratic Republic, The, Conference Sermon, HUNTINGTON, REV. WILLIAM REED, D. D................................ 98. 11 Thompson, Rev. John R., Report from Washington............ 95. 390 Thornburgh, George, Report from Arkansas................................................. 96. 21. 97. 377. 00. 295. 01. 40 Thurston, Henry D., Phases of Probation Work of Juvenile Court.................................................. 05. 177 Tilden, Samuel J., President's Address........................ 76. 2 Todd, Hannah M., The Utility of Organized Charity in an Emergncy........................................... 90. 36 Tpdd, Hannah M., Chin., Committee Report un the Organization of Charity........................................... 91. 109 Todd, Rev. W. G., Report from Kansas...................... 94. 240 Tomlinson, Dr. H. A., Chin., Committee Report on Defectives. 05. 334 Tompkins, D. A., The Sociological Work of the Cotton Mill Owners.................................................. 03. 157 Tornado, The Great, ROLPH, W. T............................ 90. 49 Tourtillot, Dr. L. A., Medical and Legal Insanity.............. 76. 66 Tracy, John A., Report from District of Columbia............. 94. 238

Page  94 94 CUMULATIVE INDEX Trade Schools: Their Place in Industry, Education and Philanthropy, RICHARDS, C. R................................. 95. 19& Trades-Unions, Benevolent Features of, FLANIGAN, JOHN D.... 96. 154 Training in Charitable Work, Present Opportunities for, BRACKETT, JEFFREY R..................................... 01. 289 Training-School in Applied Philanthropy, The Need of, RICH - MOND, MARY E.......................................... 97. 181 Training Schools of the Future, COWLES, DR. EDWARD.......... 90. 115 Training for Social Workers, Committee Report, TAYLOR, GRAHAM, Chm.............................................. 05. 436 BRACKETT, JEFFREY R., Chm................ 06. 445 Discussion on............................. 06. 567 TRAMP Act of Rhode Island (1877)........................... 77. 12S Laws and Indeterminate Sentences, Committee Report, DWIGHT, PROF., Chin............................. 80. 2' r Problem: What It Is, and What' to Do With It, McCooK, J. J..................................... 95. 288 Question, The, WAYLAND, FRANCIS................... 77. 111 The Rural, JACKSON, JAMES F....................... 03. 401 Trampery: Its Causes, Present Aspects and Some Suggested Remedies, BULL, REV. W. L.............................. 86. 188 TRAMPS, Committee Report, HALE, REV. EDWARD E., Chm...... 77. 102 Discussion on....................................... 77. 130 lThe Treatment of in Small Cities, BRADSHAW, J. W.. 96. 227 and Vagrants, Bibliography of Methods of Dealing With........................................... 03. 411 See also Vagrants. Treat, F. S., Report from Iowa............................... 06. 28 Trevelyan, Sir C., Improvidence and Its Remedies........... 81. 163 Trusdell, Rev. C. G., The History of Public and Private Indoor and Out-door Relief....................... 93. 94 Organized Charities....................... 85. 329 Public and Private Relief in Chicago................ 95. 66 TUBERCULOSIS, Committee Report on.......................... 02. 218 The Dangers of, LYLE, DR. B. F................ 99. 129 Discussion on................ 99. 345. 02. 499-508 Municipal Responsibility in the Spread of, KEENE, DR. G. F......................... 99. 118 in Public Institutions, FARRAND, DR. LIVINGSTON. 05. 240 State and Municipal Control of, RAVENAL,. MAYZCK P................................ 06. 182 Warfare Against, Committee Report, DEVINE, EDWARD T., Chm.......................... 05. 233 Warfare Against, Discussion on............... 05. 487 See also Consumptives. Tucker, Frank, Finances of Charitable Agencies............... 99. 312 fucker, Frank, Chm, Committee Report on Charitable Finance. 06. 19B

Page  95 CUMULATIVE INDEX Tufts, Gardner, The Massachusetts Statutes Relating to Juvenile Offenders, Etc............................ 80. 200 The Reformation of Prisoners............... 88. 204 Report from Massachusetts................... 86. 320 Tufts, Gardner, Chm., Committee Report, Reformatories for Men................................................... 89. 103 Tutwiler, Miss Julia S., Report from Alabama................................. 93. 291. 94. 229. 95. 319. 96. 18. 97. 374. 98. 27. 99. 39. 00. 292. 01. 37. 02. 27. 03. 26 Twenty Years of Progress (Juvenile Reformatories), CHARLTON, T. J................................................ 00. 188 U Ufford, Walter S., Methods of Raising Funds for a Charitable Society................................................ 06.' 21l Unemployed Labor. A Successful Experiment in Utilizing, ROSENGARTEN, J. G.................................. 94. 58 Universities, Relation to Charity and Reform, BREWER, WILLIAM H............................................ 95. 143 Usury, Extortionate, Evils of, LEE, JOSEPH................... 95. 506 Utah, Reports from, see Reports from States. V Vagabonds, Married, RICHMOND, MARY E.................... 95. 514 Vagrancy, BARBOUR, LEVI L.................................. 81. 131 Vagrancy, WRIGHT, A. 0..................................... 96. 232 Vagrancy, Methods Employed by American Cities to Eradicate, MARSH, BENJAMIN C............................. 03. 414 Vagrant, The: Social Parasite or Social Product, ALLEN, W. H.................................................... 03. 379 Vagrants, Reinstatement Through Municipal Lodging Houses, WILLARD, ALICE C....................................... 03. 404 Vagrants, Discussion on..................................... 03. 464 Vagrants, see also Tramps. Valdes, Dr. Juan B., Report for Cuba.......................... 06. 77' Vance, Senator, Report from North Carolina.................. 83. 114 Van Antwerp, J. H., Chm., Committee Report on Immigration. 90. 279 Vanderlip, E. A., Insurance front the Employer's Standpoint. 06. 457 Varick, Mrs. M. H., Report from New Hampshife..... 99. 77. 00. 333 Vaux, George, Jr., Plea for Esthetic Surroundings............. 05. 120 Vaux, Richard, Some Thoughts on Convict Punishment........ 81. 253 Ventilation in the Buildings of Public Institutions, EARLY, JOHN P........................................... 80. 301 Ventilation, Natural for Hospitals, GASTON, DR. J. MCFADDEN.. 90. 169' Vermont, Reports from, see Reports from States Virginia, Reports from, see Reports from States.

Page  96 96 CUMULATIVE INDEX Visitation of Children Placed With Families, FAIRBANK, MARGARET E.................................................. 04. 324 Visitation of Dependent and Delinquent Children in Massachusetts, PUTNAM, MiSS E. C................................. 81. 286 Visitors, How to Get and Keep, SMITH, ZILPHA D............ 87. 156 Visiting Nursing, see Nursing. Vivian, Dr. John H., Provision for the Chronic Insane......... 85. 112 Report from Wisconsin.. 86. 344. 87. 70. 88. 371 Volfnteers, Use of by Public Aid Officials, The, ALMY, FREDERICK................................................. 04. 113 Volunteer Visiting, SMITH, ZILPHA D....................... 84. 69 Volunteer Worker, The, GUTRIDGE, A....................... 03. 303 W Wait, Wm. B., Chm., Committee Report on Education of the Blind................................................... 82.. 107 Wald, Lillian D., Nurses in Settlement Work................. 95. 264 Walk, James W., How Philadelphia Dealt With the Extraordinary Distress of the Winter of i893-94.. 94. 63 The Need of Charity Organization.......... 83. 141 Relation of Organized Charity to Public and Private Relief.................... 85. 336 Report from Pennsylvania................ 82. 67. 96. 86. 97. 430. 98. 85. 99. 94 Walk, Dr. J. W., Chm., Committee Report on Preventive Medical Charities............................................. 83. 428 Walker, N. F., Report from South Carolina.................. 96. 89 Wallin, Franklin B., The Grand Rapids Experiment............ 98. 206 Walpole, W. R., Cooperation Between Hospitals and Relief Societies............................. 5. 228 Keport from Oregon.... 92. 252. 95. 378. 96. 85. 98. 84. 99. 93. 00. 352. 01. 89. 02. 91. 03. 95. 04. 94. 05. 77. 06. 60 War Department, A Letter from, BRECKINRIDGE, J. C........ 96. 297 Wardner, Dr. H., Care of the Chronic Insane................. 83. 393 Wardner, Mrs. L. B., Girls in Reformatories.................. 79. 178 Warman, Dr. David, Report from New Jersey........ 94. 250. 95. 367 Warner, Mrs. A. D., Report from Delaware.................. 92. 252. 93. 304. 94. 237. 96. 31. 97. 384. 98. 37. 99. 49. 00. 302. 01. 48. 02. 38. 03. 37. 04. 28. 05. 40. 06. 22 Warner, Amos G., Our Charities and Our Churches........ 89. 36 Co-operation With Public Authorities....... 92. 430 Report from District of Columbia.. 92. 252. 93. 307 Report from Maryland... 87. 48. 88. 332. 89. 135 Warner, Beverly, The Social Settlement and Charity Organization Problems............................................ 03. 308 Warner, Charles Dudley, The Elmira Reformatory............ 85. 276 Warner, Henry, Report from Pennsylvania.................. 82. 66

Page  97 CUMULATIVE INDEX 97 Washburn, J. R., Out-Door Relief............................ 98. 196 Washington, Reports from, see Reports from States. Waters, Miss Y. G., Statistical Table of Visiting Nursing in United States........................................... 05. 286 Watkins, C. S., Pauperism and Its Prevention................. 82. 94 Poor-houses and Jails in the Northwestern States................................... 79. 96 Report from Iowa............................ 78. 17 Watson, Dr. Irving A., Report from New Hamsphire..90. 335. 93. 375 Wayfarer's Lodge, The Boston, RING, T. F.................... 85. 321 Wayland, Francis, Friendly Visiting.......................... 95. 526 Out-Door Relief.......................... 77. 46 Report from Connecticut.................. 78. 24 Tramp Laws and Indeterminate Sentences. 80. 277 The Tramp Question...................... 77. 111 Welch, Rev. T. R., Report from Arkansas.................... 84. 21 Weller, Charles F., Friendly Visiting as a Social Force......... 97. 199 Relief and Prevention.................... 02. 265 Weller, Charles F., Chm., Committee Report on Needy Families in Their Homes......................................... 02. 265 Wells, Francis, Hospital Building............................ 76. 114 Wells, J. D., Report from Massachusetts................................ 97o 403. 98. 59. 99. 65. 00. 324. 01. 64. 02. 57. Wells, Mrs. Kate Gannet, State Regulation of Marriage...... 97. 302 Wendell, Miss C. R., Report from New Hampshire....94. 250. 95. 365 Wendte, Rev. C. W., Report from California.................. 97. 377 Chinese Immigration.................... 93. 435 Wentworth, E. P., Cooperation of Superintendents of Reformatory Institutions....................... 00. 220 Ethical Culture in Children's Institutions. 05. 1.38 The Origin and Development of the Juvenile Reformatory................... 01. 241 Report from Maine.............. 05. 52. 06. b Wentworth, E. P., Chm., Committee Report on Reformatories and Industrial Schools.................................... 01. 245 Westendorf, Thos. P., Report from Washington..........................96. 98. 98. 99. 99. 105. 01. 100. 02. 101. 03. 105 West Virginia, Reports from, see Reports from States. Weyl, Walter E., Immigration and Industrial Saturation....... 05. 363 Wheeler, Walter A., Problems of an Institution............... 95. 204 Wheelwright, Dr. Henry B., Medical Out-Door Relief in Massachusetts..................... 78. 32 Out-Door Relief by Local Authorities Under State Supervision.. 80. 25.6 Whipp, J. W., Report from Ilinois....................... 85. 43. 86. 310. 87. 33. 92. 252. 93. 313 White, Albert S., Child Saving............................... 88. 258 *7 c I

Page  98 98 CUMULATIVE INDEX White, Albert S., Moral Education........................... 87. 247 Reclamation of Children................... 87. 236 White, Alfred T., Better Homes for Workingmen............. 85. 365 Wickersham, James, Report from Washington..85. 88. 86. 342. 87. 68 Widows, Treatment of Poor, with Dependent Children, WOLCOTT, MRS. LOUISE...................................... 88. 137 Wiggin, Dr. Frederick Holme, Medical Charity in New York.. 98. 336 Wiggin, Kate Douglas, The Relation of a Kindergarten to Social Reform............................... 88. 247 Wilbur, Dr. C. T., Institutions for the Feeble-Minded.......... 88. 106 Wilbur, Dr. H. B., Buildings for the Management and Treatment of the Insane................... 77. 134 Governmental Supervision of the Insane.. 76. 72 Wilcox, Ansley, Proper Financial Support and How to Get It. 97. 220 Willard, Alice C., Reinstatement of Vagrants Through Municipal Lodging Houses............................ 03. 404 Willcox, Walter F., The Relation of Statistics to Social Science. 94. 86 Williams, Mornay, The Coordination of Child-helping Agencies. 06. 111 The Street Boy.......................... 03. 238 Williams, Talcott, Progress of Charities in Philadelphia...... 06. 426 Williams, William, The New Immigration, Unfavorable Features and Possible Remdies.................................... 06. 285 Williamson. Mrs. Emily E., The Children's Age............... 03. 192 The Relation of Municipal and County Charities to the Commonwealth.................. 96. 272 Report from New- Jersey.................. 96. 67. 97. 416. 00. 357 The Street Arab................. 98. 358 Williamson, Mrs. E. E., Chm., Committee Report on Municipal and County Charities................... 97. 278 Willis, J. W., Report from Minnesota................ 93. 347. 94. 247 Willis, John W., Chm., Committee Report on the Treatment of the Criminal............................................ 02. 35 Willson, Rev. T. C., Report from North Carolina................................................ 92. 252. 93. 390. 94. 25 Wilmarth, Dr. A. W., Committee Report on Feeble-Minded... 02. 152 Wilmer, Rev. C. B., Humanity and Economics with Special Reference to Child Labor................................ 03. 166 Wilson, George S., Out-Door Relief in Relation to Charity Organization............................................ 00. 256 Report from District of Columbia......... 06. 22 Wines, Frederick Howard, Colored Crimials................ 03. 444 Construction of Public Buildings for the Dependent Classes.... 76. 120 Detached Wards for the Insane.... 82. 268 The Healing Touch, Conference Sermon...................... 00. 10

Page  99 CUMULATIVE INDEX 99 Vines, Frederick Howard, Hospital Building for the Insane... 78. 143 The Insane Hospitals of Europe.. 79. 59 Ideal Public Charity............. 95. 28 Lessons of the Eleventh Census Concerning Children in Almshouses....................... 94. 324 Memorial Tribute to Dr. Albert G. Byers........................ 91. 242 The Organization of State Charities.......................... 97. 163 Report from Illinois...... 75. 22. 82. 158 Report from New Jersey.......... 04. 76 State Control and Supervision..... 02. 147 Statistics......................... 81. 196 Statistics of Crime and Pauperism. 80. 317 Treatment of the Criminal......... 04. 422 Uniform Statistics................ 85. 390 Wines, F. H., Chm., Committee Report on Pauperism and Crime. 86. 207 on Reformation of Prisoners.................. 88. 193 on State Boards of Charities................... 90. 63 Winner, F. L., Report from Oklahoma................... 99. 92 Winspear, C. W., The Protection and Training of FeebleMinded Women 95. 160 Winter of 1893-94, How Philadelphia Dealt With the Extraordinary Distress of, WALK, JAMES W.................... 94. 63 Winter's Work in St. Paul, A, JACKSON, JAMES F............ 94. 30 Wisconsin, Reports from, see Reports from States. Wise, Mrs. Stephen S., Economy of Nursing Sick Poor at Home.................................................. 05. 226 Wolcott, Mrs. Louise, Treatment of Poor Widows with Dependent Children............................................. 88. 137 Wolfe, Dr. Samuel, Remedial Measures Proposed for Pennsylvania................................................. 98. 349 Woman's Influence in Juvenile Reformatories, SICKELS, LUCY M............................................... 94. 164 LUCY M.94. 164 Woman's Relief Corps, The, BATES, MRS. L. A............... 96. 290 Wombwell, L. B., Report from Florida........................ 99. 52 WOMEN in Charity and Reform, Co-operation of, Committee Report, BARTON, CLARA, Chnm.................. 91. 230 in Charity Work, Co-operation of, Discussion on..... 91. 337 Erring and Criminal, The Treatment of, LYNDE, MRS. W. P....................... 80. 249 as Hospital Physicians, BURCHARD, COL. G. W.... 81. 29 as Hospital Physicians, CLEAVES, DR. MARGARET A... 81. 27 in Philanthropy, Committee Report, RICHARDSON, MRS. ANNE B., Ch.......................... 92. 216 in Philanthropic and Reformatory Work, SMITH, MRS. VIRGINIA T........................ 91. 230 e.e ^

Page  100 1(X) CUMULA~TIVE_ INMOX Women's Prison at Sherborn, The, Pimons, Tha'ou&s..t W Wood, Mrs. Glenn, Report from Illinvist... 411 Woodbury, Rev. Augustus, State Prsos.9 1* Woodworth, Capt. J. H., Pensions and State Soldiers' Homes. if 285 Woods, Rev. J. L., Report from Nevada. 85.'. 66. 85. 328 "6 lSI Wood Yard,. A Boston, JAMES, GWoRGz A81. 161 Woollen, Evans, The Indiana Board of Children's Guardians' Act..01. 23.4 Worker: Purpose and Preparation, The, President's Address, BRACKETT, JEFFREY R04. 1 Work for the Day and Work for All the Days, Conference' Sermon, REED, REV. MYRON W91. 20' Work in Iowa (State Supervision), CowNiE, HoNq. JOHn;.... 02. 1.40 -Workingmen, Better Homes for, WHiTE, ALrnwn T85. 365 Workingmen's Insurance, German, BROOKS, JOHN GRAHAM.. 06. 452 -Workingmen's Insurance and Old Age Pensions, Committee Report by HOFFMAN, FREDERICK L..... 06. 445 HENDERSON, CHAS. R., Chn06. 452' Discussion on.................06. 59BW Workiess Man, What to Do With the, GLADDEN, WASHRINGTONi 99. 141 Wright, A. 0., The Construction and Management of Jails....85. 304 The Defective Cass9.1. 222 -Employment in Poor-houses...........89. 197 The Increase of Insanity.....84. 228' Memorial Tribute to Dr. Richard Gundry...,.91. 255 The New Philanthropy, President's Address.. 96. 1 Pensions and,$oldiers' Hms95. 303, Report from Wisconsin....81. 97. 82. 253. 89. 175 -Small Asylums for the Chronic Insane Their Construction and Management.......86. 280 -Vagrancy.96. 232, Wright, A. 0., Chin., Committee Report on Penal and Ref ormn-atory Institutions.87. 106. Wright, A. 0., Memorial Tribute to HART, H. H06. 491 SANBORN, F. B06. 491 Wright, Carroll D., Labor, Pauperism and Cie78. 151 Wright, Isaac P., Arguments in Favor of Public Out-Door Relief 91.- 28 The Recipients of Out-Door Relief.......90. 92" Wright, Rev. J. Edward, Report from Vermont........ 91. 259. 96. 95. 97. 95. 02. 99. 03. 102. 04. 102. 05. 82. 06. 71 -Wright, J. F., Marriage Relationships Amiong the Tribe of Ishm~ael.90. 435, Wrightington, S. C., Effects of Immigration on the Community. 90. 281 Report of Committee on Immigration.. 91. 187' Wu Ting Fang, The Golden Rue01. 425 Wylie, James R., Organization of City and County PublicCharities.97. 168 Wylie, Dr. W. Gill, Public Buildings for the Dependent Classes. 78. 131

Page  101 CUMULATIVE INDEX 101 Wyman, Dr. Hal C., Hospital Cleanliness..................... 91. 53 The Michigan Poor in Almshouses...... 89. 20T Wyman, Dr. Hal C., Chm., Committee Report on Training Schools for Nurses.................................. 90. 110. Wyoming, Reports from, see Reports from States. y Yeamans, Dr. C. E., Crime and Insanity...................... Young, A. B., Reformation in Penal Treatment............... 94, 1$. Young, Dr. David, Report from Manitoba.................. 81 90 Young Men's Christian Union, BALDWIN, W. H................17T

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Page  103 THE CUMULATIVE INDEX OF 33 VOLUMES 1874 TO 1906 INCLUSIVE PART 2-TOPICAL INDEX, A TO H FOR NAMES OF AUTHORS AND TITLES OF PAPERS, SEE PART 1. ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS INDEX Names of states the usual P. 0. abbreviations, as N. Y., Ala. The year in Italics, the page in Roman, thus 06, 225, 229; signifies pages 225 and 229 in the volume for 1906. A. C. Associated charities. A. I. C. P. Association for Improving Condition of Poor. Adm. Administration, tive. Agst. Against. Assn. Association. Assd. Associated. Asy. Asylum. Bd. Board. Bdg. Boarding. Bl. Blind. Bldg. Building. B. of C. Bureau of Charities. Ch. 2hild's, children. Chh. Church,-'s,-es. Chgd. Changed. Char. Charity,-ies,-able. Co. County, Company.j Col. Colony,-ies. Com. Committee, Commission. Comr. Commissioner. Conf. Conference,-sCond. Condition,-s. Cont. Control. Cor. Correction,-s,-al. C. O. S. Charity Organizstion Society. Ct. Court. Def. Del. Dep. Dev. Dept. Des. Dr. E. Est. Epi. Emp. F.M. F. V. Engd. H. Ho. Hosp. Id. Imb. Imp. Ind. Ins. Inst. Juv. Lab. N. Nat. No. ective,-s,-ness. Off. Officer. inquent,-cy. Orp. Orphan,-s. oendent,-cy. Org. Organized,-ation,-. relopment. O.D.R. Outdoor relief. Partment. titute. Pen. Penitentiary. ctor. Phys. - Physical. Pig. Placing. t,-ern. Pn. Private. ablished,-ment. Pt. Point. leptic,-s,-sy. Pub. Public. ployment. Prob. Probation. ble-Minded. Prohi. Prohibition. endly Visitor. gland. Ref. Refuge, reformatory Rel. Relief. ise. Re. Concerning. ne. R. R. Railroad. spital. S. South,-ern. )t,-ic. Sch. School. )ecile,-s. Soc. Society. )roved,-ment. St. State. ustrial. Spec. Special. ne. Statis. Statistical. bitution,-s,-al. San. San atorium. enile. T. B. Tuberculosis. Trg. Training. )or,-er,-s. W. West,-ern. rth.-ern. Wk. Work. ional. Wkg. Working. nber,-s. Aborigines, our course to, 92, 23, 24. ACCIDENTS, causes of, 08, 345. as causes of poverty, 03, 341; 05, 465. and dependence, relations between, 03, 340. insurance against, employer's liability, and, 03, 349. effects of German, on amount of, 03, 350. professional, risk of, 03, 349. railroad, 06, 465, 466. reductions of by precautions at Rouen, 03. 347. risk of, business should carry own, 05,.580. when soldiering is as deadly as switching, war will cease. 03, 344. workmen killed in peace more than soldiers in war, 03, 343. Accumulated knowledge, our, its value, 04, 223. A. Abandonment of children, 8, 168, new law, I). of C., 06, 23. defects of law re fatherhood, 84, 170. Abandonment of family, law agst., D. of C., 06, 23. see also Desertion. Abattoir, municipal, 99, 128. Aberdeen, Countess of, and Victorian order of nurses, 02, 212. Abernethy, Dr. John, on constitutions of sick people, 03, 433. Abnormal man, Lombroso. 97, 297. Absenteeism in manufacturing towns, 95, 104. Abolish poverty at once, 99, 4. Abolition of poverty, The, 97, 272. of prisons, dream of the future, 97, 463. of slums, 91, 135. of State Bd. of Charities, 01, 26, 27. 8-C. I. (103)

Page  104 104 CUMULATIVE INDEX Adams, Saml., and discontent, 91, 21. Addams,.Jane, on after care for insane, 97, 464, 05. 343. on district nursing associations, 02, 520. on knowing the poor by taking pains to know them, 01, 289. on subtle problem of poverty, 02, 298. on work for public control of social machinery, 96, 136. Adequate relief, 94, 299. Adirondack Sanatorium, 05, 234, 239. Adler, Felix. on experience without theory, 99, 3. on kindergartens, 89, 186. on workingman's school, 87, 298. Administration, centralizing tendencies in, 00, 106. Administrative value of trained service, 00. 112. Admission to charitable institutions, 88, 12. Adoption of children, 97, 266; 99, 184. see also child saving. African race, our duty to, 87, 163; education of, 87, 170. effects on, of emancipation, 87, 171. see also negro. After care association (insane), London, 97, 77, 80. see also Insanc. Agassiz and the student, 96, 464. Age of consent, 96, 25; in Ky., 99, 411; 06, 29; in Ohio, 99, 411; in Utah, 98, 95; in Vt., 99, 102. Age and insanity, 91, 223. Aged parents, care of, 99, 115. Aged, charitable provision for, 85, 347; English almshouses, 85, 349; friendly societies in England, 85, 349, 360; pension system for aged poor, 85, 353. Agency system, Indian, 92, 61. Agricultural schools in Denmark, 03, 499. Agricultural colonies for reformation of youth (Poland), 84, 187; 99, 12; for tuberculosis, 02, 227, 507. Agriculture, the only hope for the negro, 04, 564. for boys, 90, 232. Ainay, village for insane, 02, 186, 198. Alabama, "Here we rest," now "here we hustle," 93, 291. retrogression in prison affairs in, 95, 319. board to inspect convict camps, 84, 20. Aladdin oven, why it is hated, 97, 335. Alaska: and the reindeer, 01, 423; insane in, 04, 22; missions of, 04, 22; scenery of described, 05, 471. Alexander, Mrs. C. B., and essays on probation by high school graduates, 02, 451. Alexander Severus, and his institutions for girls, 89, xx. Albergo dei Poveri (Italian poorhouse), 90, 97. Alcoholism, a disease with direct cause, 05, 603. begins in youth, 01, 282; as cause of degeneracy, 01, 282; as cause of poverty, 05, 401; in poverty and defectiveness, 05, 597, 604; causes of, 05, 601, 602; possible cure of. 05, 597. and tuberculosis, 02, 225, on heredity, 96. 353. Alcuin on compulsory education, 04, 275. Alden. Percy, on direct representation, 96, 133. as a councillor (London), 96, 133. Alden. Lyman P., and moral imbecility,.90, 247. Alimena, M., and education for criminals, 90, 247. ALIEN contract laborers, 93, 121. dependents, cases of in Minn., 98, 278, 279: deporting ins. method of, 98, 280; return of from interior, 98, 281; settlement of in Minn., 98, 276. paupers and criminals, 87, 192; in N. Y., 87, l197; census of, 87, 194. Alienists, education of needed, 91, 67. Alleys, cleaning of, 94, 59. ALMSHOUSE, The, 00, 146. able bodied in, 81, 87. abuses in, 82, 112, 116; abuses of ins. in, 03, 387: farming out, greatest source of, 03, 390; lack of sex separation in, 90, 105; unemployment in, 90, 106. abuses and correction of, 03, 386; by frequent visits from local committees, 03, 388; legislation needed, 03, 390; order of the evolution of correction, 03, 391. demoralization of, 91, 33. abuses and reforms of, 90, 100. children in, 85, 213; 00, 149. classification in. 98, 184, 465; 05, 403; classes who should be excluded, 00, 148. confinement cases in, 00, 152. employment in, 89. 197, 261. establishing of, lessened pauperism, 91, 47. families in, degradation of, cases, 94, 133. 134. hospital, the, 02, 212; Long Island (Mass.), 02. 214; in Massachusetts, 02, 524: Miss Jones and,, 02, 213; Miss Nightingale, and, 02, 213; almshouse and hospital combined in Calif., 05, 595. improvements needed in, details of, 03, 338. insane in, 81, 88; 80, 108, 115. investigation of resources of inmates (N. J.), 06, 47. knowledge of by the public, 00, 146. location of, '00, 155. management, improved, in N. Y., 05, 72; 03, 85, 86.

Page  105 1874 TO 1906 105 ALMSIOUSE- Continued. name changed to home for aged and infirm, 03, 575; in Md., 06, 35; in Va., 06, 72. nurses in, 00, 157. sex separation in, 90, 105; 00, 153. state, in Mass., 89, 251. management of (New England), 84, 300. of Massachusetts, number of and inspection of, 02, 58. Michigan, poor in, 89, 203. in Nebraska, conditions improved by St. Bd. visits, 04, 68. removal of ch. from, 94, 119. supervision of, 91, 70; by Bd. of Char. (Mass.), 00, 324. Southern, 94, 324. union town almshouses (Conn.), 02, 33. volunteer visitors for (Mass.), 91, 340; 06, 39. see County Asylum, Infirmary and also Poorhouse. Alms vs. Charity, 97, 155; as sop to a lively conscience, 94, 4. Almsgiving, as agency of chh. extension, 89, 38; as an evil per se, 84, 77. practical efforts of. on C. 0. S. officials and committees, 84, 78. societies. 84, 73; associated charities as, 84, 74. cooperation of, with other societies, 84, 75. Alphege, Saxon bishop, question of his martyrdom, 96, 151. Altruism, 99, 5; altruistic spirit, 97, 277; altruistic principles should be pressed, 95, 25. Alt-Scherbitz Asylum (Saxony) for insane, 94, 293; 02, 171. Ambulance service in U. S., 05:, 210; property better protected than person, 05, 210; ambulances under private management. 05, 211; reports from cities, 05, 213; tables of from different cities, 05, 220. in Brooklyn, N. Y., 90, 187. American Education Aid Association, 91, 329. American Female Guardian Society, and ch. pig., 97, 102. American Federation of Labor, 04, 517. Americanism, greed of, 05, 572. Ames. Rev. Charles A., in Germantown, Pa., 87, 346; 93, 54. Amusements and recreations for ch., 96, 323. Anaxagoras on classifications, 80, 109. Antoninus and Marcus Aurelius and institutions for girls, 89, xx. Anderson, M. B., on nation a moral organism, 04, 184. Angell. Geo. T., and humane societies, 97, 113. Anthropometric measurements, 95, 474. Anthropological study in ch. insts., 98, 424. Application Bureau, joint, of C. 0. S. and A. I. C. P., N. Y., 96, 76. Appointing power of boards, 03, 366; principal should select own agents, 03, 368. Apprenticeship, decay of, 90, 226; 95, 197. Apprenticing a failure, 88, 221; children in England, 85, 209. Appropriations for defectives, conditional on number found, 86, 348. securing of. 76, 121; difficulties in the way of, 76, 121. Aristocracy of usefulness, 98, 501. Armenverbande of Frankfort, boardedout children, 91, 134. Armitage. Dr., and employment of blind, 88, 117, 119. Arms of a great state in paternal tenderness. 89, 102. Armstrong, Gen. S. C., obituary, 93, 450; work of, 99, 412. Armstrong. John, who never made a sacrifice, 96, l464. Army and navy training for dependent boys, 92, 200. Army nurses, home for in Ohio, 95, 458; and wives and widows of veterans, state inst. for, 04, 91. Arnold, Matthew, and the method of Jesus, 92, 239. Arrests for crime, decrease of in Mass., 90, 425. Aschrott, D)r., on centralized supervision of relief in U. S., 90, 191, 363, 418. on pauperizing effects of medical char., 98, 323 on desertion of ch. in Engl., 91, 134. ASSOCIATED CHARITIES of Boston, 83, 87; of Cla!tanooga, 83, 139; of Cincinnati, 83, 102; of Detroit, 83, 104; of D. of C., 83, 117; of Portland, Me., 06, 335. see also C. 0. S.;. Bureau of Charities, etc. council or executive com. of, 80, 129. conditions prevailing that make need of, 80. 123; history of, 80, 125; literature of, 80, 135; methods of operation, 80, 127, 129; 89, 33: principles and objects of, 80, 127; provident schemes of, 80, 134; as relief giving society, debate on, 88, 408 to 412; religious instruction and charity mixed, 80, 135, 136. Association of Med. Supts. of Am. Insts. for Ins., 76, 81; 77, 145; 85, 94; 91, 78. Assumptions, dangerously easy in social enquiry, 95, 126. Asylum for the poor, City of Mexico, 01, 109. of St. Roch, Antwerp, 99, 207. Athens, Greece, poor tax in, 96, 258; technical instruction in, 84, 209; insane asylum, 90, 98; poor relief in, 90, 97.

Page  106 106 CUMULATIVE INDEX Atlanta, Ga., institutions of, 04, 36; stockade at, 03, 584. Augsburg Congress on Feeble Minded, 04, 391. Auchmuchty, Col. R. T., and trade schools, 95, 198. Aull, Charles, on politics in prison management, 90, 292. Austrian system of technical education, 84, 208. Australia, bdg. out of ch., 84, 130; care of ins. in, 93, 233. Aveyron, the savage of the, 93, 203. Avocat des Enfants, Paris, 90, 191. Ayres, Philip W., on social training in universities, 05, 438; on friendly visitors as employment agents, 97, 214. Auxiliary visitors, see Visitors. B. Babcock, Dr. J. W., on per cent. of deaths from t. b., 05, 247. Babies, motherless in Mass., 04, 523; in almshouses, 00, 336; paying board for, 04, 523. Babington, W. D., on fallacies of race theories, 06, 310. Baby farming, horrors of, 85, 181; case of, 02, 297; penalty for (Pa.), 06, 63; licensing of (Conn.), 99, 33. Baby feeding, goat's milk best for, 82, 258. Backus, Dr. F. P., and teaching idiots, 93, 205. Backward Children, 00, 424; in English towns, 00, 74, 73; on continent of Europe, 00, 74; individual instruction for, 00, 76; medical examination of, 00. 427; special classes for, 00. 72: vacation schools for, 00, 74. see also Feble-Minded. Baer, Dr. TWm. S., on greatest service of vis. nurse, 05, 268. Baer, Dr. Vienna, on misuse of alcohol, (6, 35.. Bagley, Gov. Michigan, on number of insalln. 02, 174. Baily. loshua L., on the canteen in solO!iers' homes, 00, 37. Baker, T. B. L., on the Irish prison system, 83, 229; life and work of, 87, 32S. Baltimore Fire Relief, 04, 534, 604. Baltimore House of Refuge, 00, 240. Baltimore and Ohio R. R. and employes' insurance', 06, 459. Bamberger, D)r., pioneer of new education, 97, 109. Bank of Sympathy, the, 91, 406. Barnard, Henry (R. I.), on children of reckless and vicious parents, 04, 365. Barnardo. Dr., and sending ch. to Canada, 01, 220; work for homeless ch., 05. 27. Barnes. Earl, on ch. study, 06, 238. Barnett, Canon, on doing for poor which ends in an organization, 96, 127; on Oxford and a social scheme, 96, 111; on government agencies, the most important. 97, 256. Barr, Dr. M. W., on extent of defectiveness in Pa., 06, 270; on consanguineous marriages, 97, 299. Barrow, Isaac, who discovered Isaac Newton, 94, 224. Barrows, Mrs. Isabel C., tribute to, 06, 540. Barrows. Miss Mabel Hay, and Greek plays, 0'', 564. Barrows, S. J., and International Prison Congress, 00, 65; and N. Y. Prisoners' Aid Society, 01, 83. Barton, Miss Clara, and the Red Cross, 99, 19; in S. C., 94, 28. Baruch, Dr. Simon and public baths in N. Y., 02, 481. Basement sleeping rooms in Chicago, 88, 424. Basil in Cesarea, and the hospital, 99,19. Batchelder, Prof., on impure milk, 99, 125. Bathhouses, pub., in Conn., 04, 27. Baths, pub., in Del., 04, 31; in Minn., O.4, 64; in Glasgow, 95, 236; in pub. schools, 04, 479; free in Baltimore, extension of, 03, 59. Battle, MIiss Fanny, and ch. helping in Nashville. 92. 284. Bavaria, technical sch. in, 97, 246. Beach, Dr. (England), and sch. for f. m, 87, 323. Bearing each other's burdens, true theory of. 94, 214. Beccaria, on penology, 81, 253, 254. Bedford, N. Y., reformatory for women, '02, 82. Bedlam (England) as a show, 85, 12; 01, 156-157; see Bethlehem. Beecher, Henry Ward, on next worse thing to helping a man, 98, xxxi; on what is best for the brotherhood, 91, 10. Beggar, ch., 7's, 30; in Italy,.90, 96; licensed in Montreal substitute for almshouse, 03, 112; abolition of in Quebec, 05, 89. Belgium, population to sq. mile, 84, 7; schools in. 95, 201; insane in, 96, 190;.99, 201: money lending in, 99, 307; insane boarding out of, 02, 173, 186. Bell, Alexander Graham, and the Volta bureau, 06, 267. Bellamy, Edward, friend of the defective, 94, 176. Belloc, Hilaire. on statisticians, 06, 434. Bellows, Rev. H. W., and the N. Y., A. I. C. P., 93, 101. Benedict Home for erring women, 85, 50.

Page  107 1874 TO 1906 107 Benedikt, Moritz, on brains of criminals, 84. 256; 90, 246. Benevolence, the state's burden of, 06, 403. Bengough, G. H., and English ref. sch., 87, 332. Bennet, Dr. Alice, and women's insane wards, 81, 11. Bennett, Ir. O. J., and prison death rates, 05, 241. Berne, Guardian Society, after care of Ins., 09, 226. Bertillon system, 90, 304; 97, 5o, 141, 382; applied to tramps in Mass., 04, 56: introduced in St. Louis police dept., 97, 411; in Mo., 01, 72; in Ill., 93, 167; re-introduced in Ohio, 96, 84. Bernstein, Edward, on incomes in Germany, 05, 457. Besant, Walter, and palace of delight, 85, 346. Bethesda Orphanage, Savannah, 03, 455. Bethlehem Hospital (Bedlam), 91, 6; 92, 96; 01, 157. Betterment of man, enterprise full of large appeal, 03, 14; vast dimensions of, 03, 14; vermicular theory of man discredited, '03, 15. Bible readers introduction, basket of provisions, 93, 103. Bibliography of charity, a, 84, 344; on tramps and vagrants, 03, 411. Bicetre (Paris), Inst. for f. m., 90, 190, 439. 445; 93, 203; 01, 159, 161. Bichloride of Gold Pub. Co., 92, 152. Bicknell, Ernest P., at San Francisco, 06, 498. Bielefeld, epileptic colony, 90, 264, 441; 92, 129; 93, 261; 94, 191; deaconesses as help at, 03, 269. see Epileptics. Bi-partisan boards in Indiana, 03, 46. B. I. relief (benevolent individual), 89, 30. Birmingham, Engld., workhouse and infirmary, 98, 187. Birthrate in Phila., 06, 585. Birtwell, Charles W., and thorough work in ch. helping, 06, 103. Bishops. members of conference, 93, 30. Bitter cry year in London, 02, 303. Black code of the Georges, 88, 209. Black Heath mendicity society, 87, 348. Blackstone on law of parental responsibility, 04, 362. Blackwell's Island Hospitals, 95, 267. Blasphemy, punishment in New France, 04O, 435. BLIND adult aid to self-support, 88, 113; investigation re in Mass., 04, 55; Paris society of, 88, 117: Saxony, system of, 88, 117; sch. not sufficient. 88, 114; working home for in Phila.. 88. 116. aid for, in Pa., 06 62; in R. I., 06, BLIND adult-Continued. 68; in N. Y., 06, 51; state commission for, Md., '06, 34. asylums for in England, 82, 213, 215. Board of Education and the (Conn.), 99, 46. beggars, who can see, 99, 413. and deaf children, care of, 86, 148; as defective class, 82, 222. education of, 82, 207; 86. 234; 06, 52; books for, 82, 214; deaf and, in one inst., evils of, 82, 209; institutions for, a part of pub. educa., 82, 212; hindrances to welfare of, 82, 215; in various states, 77, 65; misapprehension of character of, 82, 216; not properly classed with Conf. of Char., 82, 217; political interference with, 82, 215; schools not asylums, 86, 234; methods of in U. S., 82, 213; in Utah, 96, 94; transfer of to Bd. of Education, proposed, 82, 223. employment for, see Aid to self support; st. inst. for in Mich.. 0. 59; in different states, 04/, 421: massage as, 95, 360. industrial training for, see also Aid for. sundry training, 86, 234; 04, 419; trades for, 86, 235; 04, 420; schools for needed, 04, 420. indigent, county relief for, 04, 92. international conference on, 06, 259. not paupers, 82, 213. printing house for, 93, 442. provision for, 88, 99. recreation for, 0.4. 419; kinds of play available, 04, 419; play grounds necessary, '04, 419; sports to develop courage and confidence, 04, 420. relative number of blind and deaf, 82, 221. working homes for, questioned. 86, 148. statistics of in 10th census, tables, 84, 416, 426. Blindness, not per se cause for relief, 88, 412. Blower's dogs, boys in glass works, 03, 545: 04, 271. Blue ribbon movement, 84, 274. Bluntschli, on service of administrators of the law. 04, 183. Boarding out infants by city charities, 0., 58; children in Australia and Tasmania, 8/4, 130. see also Children dependent. of insane see Insane. Boards of Charities, see State boards. of control, see State boards. Board of Public Land and Buildings, Neb., 83, 317.

Page  108 CUMULATIVE INDEX Boards of Institutions peculiar Indiana plan of, 86, 351; of trustees, duties of, 87, 324. see also State supervision and administration. Bodelschwing, Pastor and German labor colonies, 91, 169, 171; and Bielefeld and the epileptics, 94, 191; 00, 80, 81; Bohmert, Victor, and German poor relief, 9]4, 111. Bohmert, William, and incomes in Saxony, 05, 456. Bootblacks and newsboys, licenses of, 03, 63; brigades, England, 99, 23. Booth, Charles, and East London, 90, 375; 96, 241; 99, 10, 142; 02, 303, 308, 309, 312; 04, 488; supreme in scientific enquiry, 04, 488. Booth, Gen. Wm., on darkest England, 06, 349; as director of the social scheme, 06, 363; Booth, Mrs., and Hope Hall for ex-convicts. 0i, 584. Bosanquet, Helen, and the real man, 05, 267; on routine not necessarily fatal to intellectual activity, 03, 155. Bost, John (Bordeaux), and homes for defectives, 94, 191; 00, 80. Boston provident association, 93, 102; young men's christian union, 81, 90; municipal charities and corrections of, 83, 94. Bounties on Indian scalps paid in various states, 92, 51. Bowsening (ducking), the insane in Cornwall, 01, 157. Boys' and girls' aid society, Calif., 89, 329; do. Oregon, 06, 61; local boards of, 06, 61; state aid for, 01, 90. Boys, saving of, 84, 102; illustrative cases of in reform school, 84, 107; parental errors with, 84, 113; three classes of boys, 84, 102; the prodigal son in the reform school chapel, 84, 109- city mechanics vs. farming for, 86, 61. Brace, Charles Loring, on kindergartens, 04, 576; and the children's aid society of N. Y., 87, 94. Brackett, Jeffrey R., on alleged evils of a relief fund, 03, 318; on child saving work in Baltimore, 99, 387; on isolation of public charities, 04, 122; on removal from Baltimore to Boston, 04, 53. Brain care, 88, 69. Brandt, Miss Lilian, as C. O. S. statistician, 03, 569. Brewer, Prof. (Yale), on saving and multiplying the unfit, 98, 307; 00, 3; 04. 416. Brinkerhoff's (General) Folly (cottage hospital for insane), 00, 400; on juv. ref. in Europe compared with American, 01, 249. Brockway, Z. R., story of his life, 04, 595; as the "grand old man" of Prison Reform, 02, 365; on previous experiences of ref. inmates, 00, 420, 421; and Elmira, 87, 97; 88, 84; 90, 215; 97, 32, 34. Bromide treatment, in school for f. m., Neb., 01, 75. Brooklyn, A: I. C. P. of, 93, 102; public hospitals of, 90, 177. Brooks, John Graham, on voluntary association and unemployment, 99, 147, 148, 150; on working men's insurance, 03, 523. Brooks, Phillips, and the universal blunder of history, 96, 148. Brooks, Phillips, obituary, 93, 91. Brother of St. Alexius, 86, 44; of St. John of God, 86, 44. Browne, Mrs. Catherine, on prevention of mental disease, 98, 302. Browne, Dr. Geo., and the f. m., 86 289; 88, 112; 93, 206. Browne, Dr. W. A. F., comr. of insane, Scotland, 05, 423. Bryce, James, on present and future of the negro, 95, 186; on the regulative power of the State, 00, 107. Bryce, Dr. Peter, on non-restraint and employment of the insane, 85, 18; 93, 292; obituary, 93. 450. Buckle, Henry Thomas, on racial differences, 06, 310; on usefulness of statistics, 04, 534. Bucknill, Dr. J. C., on easy admission to hosp. of ins., 94, 206; on family homes for insane, 86, 261. Buckner's Orphans' Home, Tex., 88, 419. Buddha on individuality as separateness, 95, 109. Budget, making a, see Finance charitable. Building associations in Phila., success of, 06, 368. BUILDINGS for dep. classes, 78, 131; 79, 65; 88, 11; architects for, 76, 129; art of planning, 76, 123; house as an organism, 76, 125; bids for construction of, 76, 129, 130; commissioners to erect, 76, 124; deceptive estimates for, 76, 121. infirmary (almshouse), building, 7A 104; location of, 79, 104; kind of bldg. for, 79, 106; plans for, 79, 108, 109, 111; place (special) for religious worship in, 80, 301; taste and recreation in construction of, 80. 297; pictures for, 80, 99; ornamenting of, 80, 298. Illinois laws, re, 76, 131. ins. paupers, for, 80, 292; plain and simple construction for, 80, 294; rising standards of construction

Page  109 1874 TO 1906 B UILDINGS-Continued. ins. paupers, for-Continued. for, 80, 292; insts. for, plans of, 82, 262; 03, 580; need of economy in, 80, 29. ventilation of, 80, 301; cause of workhouse smell, 80, 305; practical thoughts on, 80, 301. Bull pen, the 00, 16. Bureau of Charities, Brooklyn, 79, 207. Burial of destitute infants, 89, 4; of the dead, 97, 271. Burke, Edmund, on reform of the civil list, 98, 246. Burke, Winifred Masterson, foundation for convalescents, 05, 207. Burns, John. on neighborhood affairs in Battersea, 04, 491; on "not seeing kings," 04, 221. Burrian code of spoils politics, 98, 256. Burton, Bishop, on doctor's sacrifice of patient rather than opinion, 99, 192. on insane as bewitched, 01, 156. Butler, Amos W., as secretary of the Ind. Bd., 06, 408; on pensions, 03, 524; on probation law, 04, 351; on basis of the Juv. Ct. law, 04, 366; on illiteracy among convicts, 04, 279. Butler, Benj. F., and N. Y. Juv. Asylum, 06, 114. Buzelle, George B., obituary, 93, 450. Buzzard, the political, 88, 176. Byers, Albert G., story of his life, memorial, 91, 242. C. Cabot, Dr., and social psychology, 06, 106. Cadbury, George, fulfilling his civic obligation, 04, 490. California club, and the Juv. Ct., 03, 30. Campbell, Dr. F. J., blind mountaineering, 0.4, 420. Camp Relief, Denver, in 1893, 94, 55. Canada, special report on char. and corr., 00, 367. Canteen, the, at Soldiers' Homes, 00, 37. Capital punishment, 80, 39; abolished in Colo., 99, 397; failure of, 80, 41. Carlisle Indian School, the, 92, 30, 57. Carlyle, Thomas, on sisterhood of the Irish widow, 80, 132; 99, 138. Carnegie, Andrew, and pauper statistics, 94, 111; and relief in Pittsburg, 94, 38; and high priced men, 03, 197. company, in raising wages, 95, 8. Carpenter, Miss Mary, and English char. wk., 77, xxvII; 86, 103, 106, 137; 92, 332. Carriage rides for invalids, 81, 93. Cartwright. Peter, death bed saying of, 92, 360. Casa de orates (Hosp. for Ins.), 01, 158. Case records, value of, see Org. of char. Cassidy, Jennie, and the flower mission, 85, 459. Cassidy, Warden, on selection of prison officers, 99, 233. Castle Garden and the new immigrants, 88, 427. Catholic charities, ancient and modern 04, 505: in Rome, 86, 41; organized by the church, 86, 42; religious orders, the regular army of, 86, 44, 46; system of, 86, 38; volunteers in, 86, 46; St. V. de P. Society, 86, 46. CATHOLIC children, their faith protected in Mass., 05. 58. protectory of N. Y., 88, 219; 89, 245, 311; 90, 217; 92, 351. sisterhoods, 97, 206; Little Helpers, 06, 534; sisters of the Holy Ghost, 06, 534. Catholicity of the Conference, 93, 28. Causes of crime. poverty pauperism, &c. see Crime, Poverty, &c. Cecilia Macrina, Roman lady foundress of a charity for children, 89, xx. Census Bureau and the defectives, 87, 11; and statistics of crime and pauperism, 03, 463. act relating to statistics, 02, 367. of paupers in England, how taken, 77. 26. Central Bureau of Char. publications needed, 95, 13. Central Howard Ass'n. in Ky., 03, 53. Centralizing tendencies in administration, 00, 444. Centralizing of direction, individualizing of relief, 04, 119. Century of dishonor, The, 92, 24, 47. Certified Industrial Schools, England, 86. 164. Chace, Prof. G. I., obituary, 85. 79. Chaingangs in Ga., 03, 491. Chalmers, Dr. Thomas, on outdoor relief as a subsidy, 99, 12; comparison of his work with Elberfeld, 04, 120. Chamberlain, Joseph, and small houses in Birmingham, 03, 579. Channing, Dr., on child saving. 95, 239. Changing names of insts. in N. Y., 03, 575. Chapin, Dr., on evils of strict commitments of ins., 90, 256; 93, 231. Chaplain, prison, the, 88, 201, 383; incidents of, 88, 201. Charlemagne on compulsory education. 04. 275. CHARITABLE finance. see Finance, charitable. institutions, blotting out of bad, 97, 422; educational, scheme for in San Diego, 88, 295; exemption of from taxation, Del., 05, 41; private, broken up for cause, by state, Neb., 04, 187. subscriber, a cause of strife, 01, 310; transportation, committee on, 04, 597; rules adopted by, 04, 598. work nonsectarian and nonpartisan, 02, 338; true aim of, 88, 8.

Page  110 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHARITIES, associated, see Associated charities. Bureau of in New York, 74, 31; 78. 67. Catholic of St. Louis, 84, 159. churches and, 89, 36. city, special bldg. for, 91, 117. Chardon st. bldg., Boston, 93, 54; city, of Indianapolis, 83, 99. economic work, an, 83. 16. endowed in London, England, extent of, 76. 34. endorsement committee, 03, 30; 05, 350; in San Francisco, 02; 29; 05, 351; in Seattle, 04, 108; in Newark, N. J., 06, 47; central authority needed for, 05, 350; methods of, 05, 352; needed to aid co-ordination of charities, 03, 186, 187; program of for future in San Francisco, 05, 351; results attained by, 05, 354. federation of women's, Elmira, N. Y., 06, 51. of Italy and Greece, 91, 185; amount of endowed, 90, 99. International Congresses on, Milan & Glasgow, 06, 452. need of co-operation in, in New York, 78, 72. private in Boston, 81, 88. public in Europe, 91, 167; boarding out of insane in Scotland, 91, 179; colony for vagrants, 91, 168; labor colonies, 91, 169; Gheel, 91, 173; Italian religious charities, 91, 180; secularization of, 91, 183; school in Palermo almshouse, 91, 184. Review, value of, 99, 399. Roman, during the Imperial days. 89, xx. system of in Catholic church, 86. 40. United of Memphis, Tenn., 06, 69. CHARITIES AND CORRECTION departments in N. Y., divided, 96, 73. department of, in N. J., 06, 48. better system of, for cities, 81, 168; end to be served by, 81, 168; good system must lessen burdens, 81, 169: political influence as poison, 81, 170; politics in New York city Insts., 81, 171; public funds for private Insts., 81, 173; suggested plan for, 81, 175; temptations to abuse of subsidy plan, 81, 177. united, to uplift humanity, 98, xxxviii. CHARITY become a science, 02, 269; and character, 96, 414; doing many wrong things, 95, 12; effective, 81, 141; effectual, permeated by love, 84, 18; evolutionary forces in, 04, 189; greatest thing, the, 97, 352; helping needs good sense and sentiment, 8.9, 36; highest ideals of. 0n, 206: ideals of Jewish and Christian, 06, 2; CIARAITY-Continued. indiscriminate, effects of, 74, 19; and justice, 02, 13; or justice, 99, 133. Jewish methods of, 97, 231. fund given by Russians and Japanese to N. H., 06, 44. and Knights of Labor, 90, 58. laws of in Cuba, 06, 77. meetings, joint, value of, 89, 259. method of A. C. like sunlight, 01, 322. method and motive of, distinct. 95, 56. methowds unchanged from Homer to Washington, 04/, 113. modern, thrives in scientific environment. 97, 354. nonprofessional worker, 06, 575. not in Constitution of U. S.. 98, 1. old as time, 96, 258. organization applied to, in London, 76, 35. organization Review, on increase of relief, London, 00, 137. organized and unorganized, 97, 154. organization of, see Organization of charity. organization society, see Organization of charity. organized in cities, see Organization of charity; also, Needy families in their homes and Associated charities. perfect law of, 93, 263; law of sympathy and self help, 93. 278. private institutions of, under state supervision. 04/, 60. public and private in Mass., 81, 18. publications of, '04, 8; periodicals, 04, 8: reports, &c., 04, 9. as power for evil, 96, 454. results of. never negative, 04, 189. as science, conference business to rescue it from doctrinaires, 97, 449. scientific method in, 89, 24. settlements outgrowth of. 93, 274. soup kitchen kind, 74, 20. summons business to its aid, 95, 4. truths of, becoming standardized, 05, 619. vital, as economic system, 00, 168. work; chiefly patching and mending, 91. 22: combined effort in, 85, 326; directed to prevention, 84, 15; reforms by, in last century, 84, 12. workers, qualitios of, originality, courage and common sense, 01, 397. Charlatans medical, see Sick, care of. Charter House School, England, 94, 224. Chattanooga, associated charities of, 83, 1.39. Charlton, T. J.. on street trades of boys, 00, 282. Chattel mortgages, 99, 296; cases of hardship, 99, 299; demoralizing effects in community, 99, 305; legislation re, 02, 55; protection of mort

Page  111 1874 TO 1906 111 Chattel mortgages-Continued. gagers in Md., 00, 323; number of chattel mortgages, 99, 297; recklessness and improvidence encouraged, 99, 304; transfer of mortgages, 99, 299: various provident loan associations, 99. 296. Cheap labor in Calif., 05, 596. Cherokee nation, government of, 88. 319; prospects of, 88, 323: prison system of, 88, 322; schools of, 88, 322. Cherokees, Cheyennes and Chickasaws, 92, 40, 49, 53. Chicago, Relief and Aid Society, 93, 102; 79, 146; charities of, 79, 145; small park system of, 0.t, 492. CHILD caring agencies, st. supervision of, 95, 209; in institutions, 95, 209; in family homes, 95, 210. caring, different systems of, 88, 264; results in Calif., New York, Ohio, &c., 88, 267; sectarian institutions with public support, 88, 267. delinquent, definition of, 04, 570; contributory delinquency law, 04, 572; good example better than sermons, 04, 573; instances of the system, 04, 573; institutions essential, but home the best, 04, 571; failure of, through terms too short, 04, 571; officials of need moral support, h0, 574. street gangs in New York, study of, 04, 575. see also Jur. delinquents; Preventive work, and Children delinquent and destitute. and family, 92, 419. and farms, 03, 204. helping agencies, Catholic, 96, 326; asylum training, 96, 330; boys working, in cities, and, 96, 332; care of infants and reformation of mothers, 96, 327; co-operation of the St. V. de P. Society, 96, 327; children young, placed in families, 96. 328; industrial schools, 96,, 330; reformation of girls and young women, 96, 335; support of the work, 96, 339; trade and farm schools, 96, 333; training in insts. vs. boarding out, 96, 334; visits to homes of poor children, 96, 337. human. the, what has been done for him, 02, 14. insurance, evils of, 01, 374, in England, 95, 454. CHIID LABOR. accurate data needed, 03, 146; boys worked out at seventeen years, 96, 163; business interests against childhood, 03, 125; cause of adult non-employment. 03, 117: CHILD LABOR-Continued. city ordinances re, 06, 524; coal mining in Pa., 04, 517; commissioner on, in Mich., work of, 04, 59; complicity of the public, 06, 164; complexions of factory children, 03, 115: compulsory education as substitute for child labor law, 03, 123; dangerous machinery and, 06, 156; dangers of hypocrisy, re, 06, 162; department store work, evils of, 04, 271; early habits of industry desirable, 03, 202; economics of, 03, 140; 03, 196; economics of production of citizens, 03, 198; education in respect to, 03, 543; experience of the self-made man, 03, 546; every child in school, 96, 162; false humanitarian prejudice, re, 03, 127; glass making, evils of, 04, 270; "blowers' dogs," 03, 545; 04, 271; governor of S. C., his opinion on, 02, 95; humanity and economics, re, 03, 166; idleness arguments, 03, 547; idle child becomes criminal child, 04, 518; illiteracy and, 03, 188; in N. J., 03, 189. laws, 04, 268; advance in, in N. Y., 06. 153; Ky., Mo. and 0., 06, 154; Iowa and Mass., 06, 153; Southern States. 06. 154, 159. 160. amendments in N. J., 03, 83; 04, 77; Ore., 05. 78; Vt., 05, 82; bill for, killed, Iowa, 0.4, 272; Calif. stringent, 05, 35: Colo. re messenger boys, 04, 270; La., Mass., N. Y., 04, 272; Neb., 99, 74; Kan., 05, 49; Ill., 96, 161; Ill. new, 03, 44; N. C., 03, 90; Ore., 03, 95; S. C., 03. 99; Tex., 04, 98; Ky., 02, 50; Md., 02, 55; Wash., 04, 107; campaign for, results of, 05, 94; children's codes, 06, 152; compliance with, 06, 522; difficulty of enforcing, 06, 155, 159, 521; in Tenn., 06, 1159; in S. C. and 0., 06, 160; duty of char. org. soc. to and in, 06, 155; enforced in N. Y,, 06, 159; fines paid a measure of success of, 06, 160, 161; in Ohio, 06, 160; in Pa., 06. 161; messenger boys exempted from, 06, 163; obstruction of by char. soc. in N. Y., 06, 157. 159: objective tests of suggested, 06, 160; parental delinquency law, 06, 163;

Page  112 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHILD LABOR-Continued. laws-Continued. school attendance as test of enforcement, 06, 161; tested in courts, 06, 152; U. S. Bulletin of Labor, and, 06, 152; with educational test, Del., 05, 40; legislation, the first. 95, 241; necessity for further, 05, 143; for better certificate system, 05, 145; to give inspectors more power, 05, 147; restrictions on working child, 96, 161; messenger boys, 06, 525; trained in dishonesty, 04, 269; mortality in, 78, 156; moral dangers of premature, 06, 157; moral value of, 03, 154; national bureau of desired, 06, 156, 524; need of physical fitness as well as age, 04, 272; need of justice to child, 03, 156; night work, evils of, 04, 271; non-enforcement of law in N. Y., 04, 576; number of child laborers, 03, 139; opponents who employ, 96, 162; occupation and disease, 03, 149; parasitic industries, what are they, 03, 120; pauperism by, 03, 114; of the consumer by, 03, 120: pauperization of society, most serious, 03, 119; physical basis of, 03, 142; condition of, 96, 164; report on from France, 03, 189; in Poland, 84, 185; poor widows with working children, investigation of, 03, 116; premature labor means early breakdown, 03, 116; problem, a national one, 03, 121; rational conditions of, 03, 141; relations of to crime, 03, 544; restrictions of by mutual consent of employers, 03, 41; scholarships for poor children, 06, 163; in Ky., 04, 44; self-made man argument for, 03, 546; sophistries of, 03, 122; Southern states and, 03, 121; standard physical, requirements for, 03, 143; street corner loafing worse than news selling, 04, 516; theater work in, 06, 524; unintelligent labor least profitable, 03, 197; work for negro boys, 04, 518; CHILD life, dangers to in cities, 04, 514; tragedies of in New York, 06, 111. placing, conditions of, 04, 529: investigation of homes, 04, 529; instances of homes found, 04, 530, 531. see Children, placing out. problem in cities, 91. 125; 92, 183; children in tenements, 91, 124; CHILD-Continued. problem in cities-Continued. compulsory school attendance, 91, 126; categories of dependent children, 91. 130; defective, delinquent and dependent children, 92, 194, 195; disposition of children taken from home, 91, 130; economic aspect of, 92, 191; educational part of, 92, 183; every child, born a "cave child," 92, 186; extension of factory laws to tenements, 91, 128; individuality vs. personality, 92, 183; investment in care of children, 92, 193; hereditary capital of new born child, 92, 191; liquor sold to minors, 91, 127; methods of care, 92, 199; rationale of pub. sch. education, 92, 189; sweat shop work of ch., 91, 126; truancy laws, 91, 129; whole problem of char. and corr. in, 91, 124. see also Child saving and Children, Dcp. c& Del., Preventive Work, &c. CrILD SAVING, 84, 115 88, 259. adequate, is costly, 98, 407; auxiliary visitors in Mass., 84, 123. awakening to necessity of real preventive work, 84, 117. boarding out plan; results of, in England, 84, 129; in Australian colonies, 84, 130; saving of money and children, 84, 129; Scotch system of, 84, 128; see also Children boarding out. boys in prison, 84, 203. British blue book advocating the Mass. system, 84, 126. central management of Insts. in New So. Wales, 84, 126. children's renaissance, 84, 118. child storage abandoned, 00, 227. classification in, 93, 134. close of long controversy re, 03, 181; committee which signed report of 1899, 03, 181; common sense and co-operation in, 03, 180, 200; conference schools of study of, 97, 91; conservation of home life, with, 97. 88: co-ordination of schemes for, 03. 184; county homes of Ohio, 01, 236. day nursery, kindergarten and man. trg. sch. as, 97, 90. different numbers by different methods of renorting, 97, 104. English certified (Industrial) schools for, 84, 119. English C. S. work, object withdrawal of vicious youth from the community, 84, 200. equities of inter-state migration in, 97. 92. family homes for dependents, 97, 94; foster homes slandered, 99, 380. good effects of in reduction of crime, 8/1, 119.

Page  113 1874 TO 1906 113 CHILD SAVING-Continued. Humane Societies, work of the, in, 97, 110. instruction in dietetics, as, 84, 156. Jewish in the U. S., 97, 108. logical beginning of all char. wk., 84, 115. methods and results of, 04, 321; 84, 1335. Michigan system of, 04, 320; 84, 134; county agents in Michigan, 97, 98; radical step in, 84, 117; ten years' work in, 84. 132. neglected, 84, 115; in N. H. increase of institutional care, 04, 73; in N. Y. city, problem of, 95, 212. Ohio system of, 97, 100. pernicious literature, suppression of,.97, 89. placing out plan, in, 97, 89; religious faith of home where child is placed, 97, 96; principles to be adopted in, 88, 4,l. private charitable work in, 93, 137. protection from cruelty, as, 93, 134. relation of St. Bd. of Char. to, 99, 384. recent developments in, 00, 226. removal from almshouses, 93, 133. replacing does not infer failure, 84, 139. salaried women visitors, 84, 127. Spain, legislation in, re, 84, 174. state supervision of, accepted, 00, 228. statistical enquiry as to results of in Minn., 00, 230; statistics as to results needed, 00, 229. summer homes, as, 84, 150; effects on children of unsanitary streets, 84, 150; picnic parties at, 84, 151; seashore homes, 84, 151. supervision of, need of, 99, 386, 387. under state supervision, with a state school, 01, 224; Mich. plan, 01, 225; without a state school, 01, 230: Indiana plan, 01, 230. the working, 96, 161. of the wet nurse, fate of, 85, 181. see also, Children, Del. Dep. & Preventive Work, Child problem in cities, &c. CHILD STUDY applied to defectives, 97, 308; bibliography of, 97, 316; development of body in time, 97, 309; of mind in time, 97, 310; dullards in school, and, 97, 313. Childhood, crimes against, 05, 547. Childhood, Institutional, evils of, 05, 125; Calif. and N. Y. the limits of, 05, 126; Mass. methods, 05, 127; numbers of in three states, contrasted, tables of, 05, 129. Childless home, a melancholy place, 76, 149. CHILDREN and children's. abandonment of, 84, 165. age, the, 03, 192; CHILDREN-Continued. review of methods of various states, 03, 194. agency for Insts. near San Francisco, 05, 36. Aid Society, work of, 77, 66; of Boston, 90, 203; 06, 103, 105; of Brooklyn, 06, 103; of Chicago, 06, 103; in Kan. under Bd. of St. Char., 01, 58; in N. C., 04, 86; of New York City; ch. placed in W. by going to bad, 87, 294; criticisms of plcg. from, Ill., 82, 144; Minn., 82, 142; N. C., 82, 149, 150; Ohio, 82, 142; Wis., 82, 147, 152; various states, 84, 143; investigation of ch. placed in Minn., 87, 296; of Penna., 90, 350; 91, 136. in almshouses, in N. Y., 77, vii; in Ky., 05, 98; in Ill., Ind., &c., 05, 99; census report on numbers in, 98, 1255; laws of different states re, 9/t, 124; number of defectives among, 77, 71; removal of, from, 9/, 119; 77, 69; in N. Y., 94, 134; in Wis., 76, 22; 81, 228; results of residence in, 77, 69; 94, 123; Athenian plan of rearing, 78, 175; blue blood or red, 84, 360. Board of Guardians, 91, 329; in D. of C., 95, 338; 01, 239; 04, 522; in Indiana, 01, 54; 01, 234; first board, in 1889, 04, 522; results of, 01, 235; 01, 367; 01, 368; county boards increasing in number, 05, 48; in N. J., 99, 79; 01, 80; 02, 410; 04. 311; 06, 48; dynamic source of energy to agencies, 01, 367; methods of work of, 04, 314; no receiving home, of, 04, 314; removing children from almshouses, 00, 338; results of five year's work of, 04, 315. boarding out plan, 86, 129, 147, 157, 389; English and Scotch methods, 86, 145; 81, 293; evils of in England, 76, 34; objections to, 90, 195; by Prof. Fawcett, 90, 194; answers to objections, 90, 195; methods and illustrative cases, 81, 288, 289; in the U. S., 81, 294; Mass. plans of, 81, 284: 85, 200; auxiliary visitors of St. Bd., 81, 287; connection between Inst. wk. and bdg. out, 81, 296; cost of, 86, 159: county visitors for, 81, 285: individual guardianship of, 81, 295; system of visitation for, 81, 200; Penna. Ch. Aid system of, 94, 137; 04, 527; amount of board paid

Page  114 114 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHILDREN-Continued. boarding out plan-Continued. by, 04, 524; proportion of no. of visitors to children, 04, 524; rivalry with reformatory, 94 139; license act, vetoed, Pa., 06, 65. Bureau of Counsel, Relief, and Information, Phila., 06, 103; Brooklyn, 06, 103. care of in different states, methods, 94, 125. Catholic chh. in supervision of, 06, 110. causes of need of, ignorance of, 06, 7, 114; study of, 06, 116. charities, best method of founding, 80, 227; city, 80, 229; industrial and half-time schls., 80, 229, 230; lodging houses, 80, 231; summer homes, 80, 233; placing out, 80, 232, 236; statistics showing effects of on crime, 80, 234, 235. commercial greed, against, 06, 115. colored, ind. sch. for in Del., 04, 31; D. of C., 04, 33; prevention of crime among, 04, 257; country life for, 04, 259; factors of preventive wk. with, 04, 258; "good nigger" the, 04, 263; kind of education for, 04J, 267; Dr. Dubois or Dr. Washington, 04, 267; manual trg. for, 04, 257: opportunities after sch., 04, 265. county homes for, in Conn., 85, 210; Ind., 86, 382; Ohio, 90, 208; Catharine Fay Ewing, and, 90, 209; law for, in Ohio, 90, 209; not suitable to a large state, 86, 387; placing out from, 90, 210. country homes for, 90, 202; effects of, 76, 137. crippled, care of, 98, 393; in Baltimore, 98, 402; in Wis., 02, 102; in Neb., 05, 65; and deformed, need of inst. for, 02, 498; education for, 98, 465; 04, 291; home for in Philada., 87, 68; hospital depts., sundry, 98, 395; instances of, 04, 291; instruments for, benefits of, 04, 286; orthopedic Hospital for, N. Y., 98, 394; surgery for, 98, 397; 04, 2<86; parents of, slow to believe in value of operations, 04, 285; received at Home of Friendless, Neb., 05, 65; removed from almshouses, Neb., 02, 70; results of care for, 04, 293; state care of, Minn., 04, 285; Neb., 05, 65; in N. Y., 00, 339; 04, 289; trade, teaching of, 04, 291; tuberculous joints, cause of, 04, 288, 290: CHILDREN-Continued. crippled, care of-Continued. work for in Europe, 98, 398; in N. Y. by ch. aid soc., 98, 399; with, 90, 423. crippled and ruptured, N. Y. soc. for, 98, 393; Hosp. for, 81, 246. defective, education of, 04, 511. see Blind, Deaf, Feeble Minded, &c. CHILDREN DELINQUENT boarding out of, 04, 524; in Phila., by ch. aid soc., 91, 136; encouraging results of, 91, 140; success depends on choice of families, 91, 141; care of, 91, 136; children of the Precious Blood, 97, 134; causes of disruption of families, 04, 248; lack of physical training, evil associates, various vices, 04, 249; dissimilarity of life in home and inst., 91, 138; esthetic side of, 04, 305; girls in police ct., 05, 97; girls, methods most helpful to, 04, 306; individual treatment, 04, 309; plays and parties, 04, 310; simple machinery and arrangements, 04. 310; scrubbing floors an evil, 04, 307; study of family relations, 0O', 308; trust in officers, 04, 308; see also Girl Delinquents; good homes secured for, 91, 143; industrial training increases number sent up, 91, 137; institution stigma on, 91, 138; London Prison Congress on, 04, 327; Mettray (Netherlands), school for, results of, 04, 328. number of re-admissions to H. of Ref., 91, 139; reformation of, 03, 230; schools, boarding for, 04, 300; advances in, 04, 300; cottage system for, commended, 04, 577; evolution of names of insts., 04, 302; H. of Ref., Ref. Sch., Ind. Sch., state sch., etc., 04, 302; military drill in, 04, 304; religious and moral trg. in, 04, 327; Sunday schools in, 04, 330; small insts. preferred, 83, 349; sentimentalism not wanted, 04, 576; teaching civics and trade teaching, 04, 304. see also Juv. Del. Insts. for. see Juvenile Delinquents. see Children, Dependent and Delinquent. see Children, preventive work for, &c., &c. CHILDREN DEPENDENT in almshouses, 98, 461; congregate system of care not wholly bad, 80, 238; 02, 42;

Page  115 1874 TO 1906 115 DHILDREN DEPENDEN T-Continued. economy of state in care of, 87, 238; education of, 75, 83; family best place for, 86, 143; guilds in dark ages, work of for children, 98, 365; good results of proper care, 77, 95; homeless and destitute, 86, 142; home or institution for, 98, 362; laws re in Ill., 99, 53; in N. Y., outside city, 87, 321; advanced care in, 99, 84; investigation of cases, 96, 72; placing out. increase of among Catholic children, 99, 85: rules of the Bd. of St. Char., regulating, 96, 71; foundlings asylums in, 77, 67; ideal system of rescue and relief, 96, 314; institutional care of, 04, 335; amusements, 96, 323; clothing in, 96, 325; discipline, 96, 319; minimum of punishment, maximum of excellence of, 96, 320; food in, 96, 324; industrial training in, 96, 322; institutional care as preparation for placing, 04, 336; judgment of, by results, 04, 337; orphan, asylums, admission to, 04, 331; easiest work of char. is for orphans, 01, 341; half-orphans in, 04, 332; fathers or mothers of, contributions of, 04, 332; good of child and protection of society, 04, 334; getting child started in life by, 01, 341: historical review of in New York, 77, 60; necessity of, early in century, 01, 341: opthalmia in orphans' homes, 36, 145; reasons for orphan asylums, 04, 331; tendency to retain children too long, 86, 144; practical details of inst. life, 96, 318; primary responsibility of st. to, 04, 336; religious instruction in inst., 96, 323; reactive benefit of, to parents, 04, 338; reform of parents through desire to regain ch., 86, 143; institution-phobia, 98, 362; invasion of ch. from other states, 99, 37; regulation of in Mich., 96, 54; men, not systems, needed, 80, 240; methods, ideal, of child caring, the case method, 06, 112; care in selecting homes, 02, 402; CHILDREN DEPENDENT-Continued. methods, ideal, of caring —Continued. demands for specialized ch., 02, 403; intimacy the keynote, 02, 400; investigation the first step to individualization, 02, 398; initial placing, 02, 397; need of love and sympathy, 83, 339; the rugged truth letter, 02, 399; Ohio system of caring, 80, 177; county ch. homes, methods and regulations of, 80, 177; origin of the Ohio plan, 80, 180; Fay, Miss, 80, 181; results of, 80, 183; orphans, no. of in the U. S., 76, 135; paternalism, the fear of, 98, 362; religious training in creed of parents, 98, 365, 461; rights of children, 98, 363; Tennessee, care of in, 83, 336; demands for children, 83, 338, 341; cheap help wanted, 83, 337: work of the St. V. de P. Society, 98, 364; see also Dependent child, Preventive work, Dependent and delinquent children, &c. CHILDREN DEPENDENT and DELINQUENT care of, 88. 237; arguments about, 06, 92; almshouse children, 01, 206; boarding out system, 75, 72; boarding out in England, 90, 197; boarding or free homes, 06, 89; cautions re, 06, 105; central bureau for, 06, 98; clearing house of experts, 06, 98; cooperation in work of, 06, 99, 100: coordination of agencies, 06, 91; controversy and end of the controversy, 06, 93; complete scheme of care by classes, 88, 451; classification of as innocent and incorrigible, 83, 344; classifications ignored, 83, 346; classes mingling of, evils of, 83, 345; 83, 349; classification, a fourfold, 83, 348: county poor house care of, 88, 328: 75, 74; conditions of vagrant ch. in New York. 76. 135; dependent and del. at home and abroad, 90, 190; dep. in France, no. of, 90, 192; definition of truant and delinquent, 05, 95; duplication of insts., 05, 95; district system of care, 88, 239; dissolute or vagrant in N. C., apprenticeship law, 01, 86. diagnosis of need, 06, 96, 97, 99, 100; dependent, defective and delinquent not separable by distinct lines, 06, 87; early history of care in U. S., 01, 204. Ecole d'Alembert, near Paris, 90, 199.

Page  116 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHILDREN-DEP. and DEL.-Continued. English pauper children, no. of, 90,192. French and English specialists on Mich. plan, 90, 190, farm house branch of Lyman school, Mass., 04, 578; family system for, 75, 68, 70; foster homes best for. 06, 89; full measure of responsibility for, 06, 96; first child saving inst., 01, 205; girls, 78, 168, effects of on young men, 78, 185; neglect of girls, results of, 78, 179, 189; victims of men's passions, 78, 193; segregation of worst classes at Lancaster, Mass., 04, 578; see also Girl, the delinquent. Hardwick reformatory, England, 90, 200; hoodlums made before seven, 98, 462; inherited evil, case of, 06, 115; inst. a temporary expedient, 06, 88; investigation before discharge, 06, 99, 101; juv. prisons, 75, 69; juv. del. system of care of, 75, 70; juv. cts., results of, 05, 96; method of adoption, 89, 4; mixing of dep. and del. in one inst., 05, 134; Mettray, work at, 90, 200; mutual recognition of principles by opposing parties, 06, 93; New South Wales, work in, 90, 196; neglected and criminal ch., 75, 66; Ohio system, items from and illustrative cases, 88, 242, 244; obligations to each case considered, 06, 97; parental responsibility, 89, 2; private institutions for, 01, 207; prophecy of future, 01, 212; principles of, their evolution, 06, 91; placing out system, 88, 239; remedy, decision as to, 06, 99, 101; remedy, the application of, 06, 99, 101; respect for others' work, 06, 113; responsibility measure of, 06, 95, 96; responsibility direct and indirect, 06, 99, 101; results, inquiry to learn and tabulation of, 06, 100, 102; separation from parents, conditions of, 06, 102; supervision by Bd. of St. Char. Ind., 97, 393; state work, 01, 208; statistics, by states of, 01, 214; street Arab, the, 98, 358: illustrative cases of, 98, 359, 360; sorting over of boys by St. Bd., Mass., 04, 578; theory of the work, 88, 14; Trade schools essential in reform work, 04, 579; unschooled children in U. S., 75, 75. visits to boarded out ch., as a sanitary inspection, 89, 2; Wandsworth Reformatory, Engl., 90, 201. CHILDREN discarded by parents to get them into insts., 01, 368. feeble-minded, see Feeble-Minded. Friend Society, Boston, 02, 409; 06, 104, 105; Worcester, 06, 104. fresh air fund, homes for, found through, 88, 459. grand-parents made liable for support, N. Y., 01, 82. homes, location and control, 87, 291; county, Indiana, 86, 382; Ohio, 87, 291. Home Society, Chicago, 92, 416; Cambridge, 06, 104; N. D., 06, 58; Ky., state subsidy of, 04, 43; Minn., supervision by, 02, 412; St. Louis, 02, 413; complete success of in S. D., 05, 80; children placed out by, visited by a st. agent in Ill., 05, 44; law to regulate placing in Ill., 05, 45. homes, 87. 289. homes for, incorporators of, referred to Bd. St. Char. for investigation before charter is granted, Mass., 02, 58. hospitals for, 95, 275; hospitals association, in Chicago, 03, 46; nursery and child's hospital, N. Y., 85, 181, 184; see also Hospitals. humanity towards ch. in new century, 76, 138. idiotic and weak-minded, care of, 86, 149. INFANTS AND FOUNDLINGS, 78, 169; 85, 181; baby farming horrors, 85, 181; boarding out of, 85, 198; babies' home without a mother, 85, 193; disposal of foundlings, 78, 169; death rate of, 78, 169, 170, 171; deserted and foundling, 81, 282; evils of separating mother from child, 85, 192; special need of care of infants, 86, 141; at board, power of removal by St. Bd. of Char., Mass., 00, 324; in insts., 82, 203; institutionalism, evils of, 81, 284; mortality of in N. Y., 85, 181, 183; marasmus, effects of, 82, 205; parents should be found, if possible, 81, 282, reduction in mortality by smaller number together, 82, 204; by boarding out, 82, 205; responsibility of the father, 81, 282; temptation to unmarried mother to desert her child, 81, 282. state babies in Mass., 02, 408. CHILDREN ill-treated, Mich. law to protect, 89, 5; definition of ill-treated ch., 89, 6; the ward of the public, 89, 6; method of procedure, 89, 7- common law put into statute, 89, 8;

Page  117 1874 TO 1906 CHILDREN-Continued. importation of, regulated in Ky., 02, 50. insurance, children as, 85, 484. institutions for, anthropological study in, 98, 424; new type of, 05, 99; new, in N. Y., 06, 53; N. C., 06, 57; Tex., 06, 69; investigation of ch. remaining in, N. Y., 01, 369; joint city coim. on, N. J., 06, 46; religious, control of, 89, 212; Roman emperor's, 89, xx. law for protection of, Maine, 05, 53. see also Children dependent; Children, delinquent; and Children, dependent and delinquent. manual training for in early grades, 06, 131. neglected in neglected communities, 01, 219: the juvenile delinquent, 01, 223; care of the entire community, 01, 222; the whole of society must rise together, 01, 223. orphans' homes, soldiers' and sailors', 01. 30. placed out; criticisms of work in the W., 79, 160; carload lots of, to Wis., 98, 102; 99, 108; drifting of, 76, 140; final career of, 02, 415; investigation of cases, 99, 172; N. Y. ch. in Minn., analysis of conditions of, 84, 143; orphans in Indian territory, 99, 57; parental rights over, 76, 147; percentage of success of, 04, 525, 526; results in 11l. 76. 141; Ind., 76, 142; Mich., 76, 143; runaway ch., cases of, 04, 526; search for in W. prisons, 76, 141; slavery of in England, 76, 146; supervision of by local con., 76. 139; suicide of, 76, 146; shipping in carloads formerly true, 92, 381; visiting of, 04, 324; visiting of, in Conn., 04, 325; in Mass., 04, 319. see also Children placing out. CHILDREN PLACING OUT: agents for Inst., State or County, 06, 89, 90; bad for the West, 80, 238, 249; Catholic Home Bureau for, 06, 95; co-operation in between E. and W., 06, 539; care needed in 06, 89, 95; choice of homes, wealthy not best, 85, 218: (nildren's Aid Soc. of N. Y., 84, 143; defense of, 02, 42; distribution in the W., 76, 139; description of its work, 84, 145; distribution in Noble Co., Minn., 84, 145; drifting of ch., 84, 147; examination of records, 84, 143; errors in choosing homes, 84, 145; inadequate supervision, 84, 145; illustrative cases. 84, 144, 145; CHILDREN PLACING OUT-Continued. Ch. Aid Soc. of N. Y. —Continued. inquiry as to results, 84, 143; loose methods of wk., 84, 146; numbers sent out by 84, 143; results in general, 84, 150;plan for homeless and vagrant, 76, 135; table showing results in seven co. in Minn., 84, 148. danger of careless methods, 99, 171; distribution of crime by placing out, 80, 249; extension of wk. in N. Y., 06, 53; English poor law of 1547, re,, 99, 175; farmer's spring fancy for a willing boy, 99, 183; finding homes, 99, 167; first letter, importance of the, 02, 419; Home Finding Society, in Utah, 01, 94; homes for, securing and testing, 05, 136; injustice, frequent cases of, 99, 173, 174; Lutheran Kinderfreund Association, 06, 95; legal child slavery, English, 99, 175; methods of, in D. of C., 02, 418; in N. J., by Bd. of Ch. Guardians, 02, 418; in Ind., 02, 420; in Ky., Mich., &c., 02, 421; in Ohio, 02, 420; Mr. Mulry's report on, 06, 93; objects considered in, 99, 172; preservation of home, 99, 169; small insts. at a disadvantage in, 06, 89; st. supervision of, 06, 89; systems of; Ind. system described, 92, 407, 411; Mass. plan of placing and visiting, 80, 186; development of, 80, 192, 193; methods, 80, 194; rules for boarding out, 80, 199; Scotch method, 84, 128; Penna. pri. ho. plan, 86, 389; terms on which ch. should be placed, 94, 140; rules for foster parents, 05, 137; shady side of, 85, 201; desire for cheap help, 85, 203; difficulty of finding good homes, 85, 203; majority of people who apply for ch. are unfit, 85, 204; weight of opinion in favor of, 06, 94; in West, from New York City, 06, 539; word of warning on, 02, 417; work of, in Conn., for girls, 83, 485; in Cincinnati, 04, 525; Michigan school in, 02, 415; facilitated in New York City, 01, 81; Cuba, work in, placing out, 01, 345; asylum, given up, 01, 345; advantages shown, 01, 345. CHILDREN Playgrounds Association, 95, 353. poorhouses, in, 87, 266. preservation of the family when possible, 02, 414.

Page  118 CUMULATIVE INDEX CHILDREN-Continued. preventive work for, 82, 121; 87, 243; 79, 162; 86, 124; 85, 179; boarding out of delinquents as, 79, 177; boarding out systems, 86, 129; boarding out in Mass., 79, 172; classes of children to work for, 86, 125; classification, 86, 128; economic work of, 91, 151; enforcing laws for, 82, 129; difference in value of productive and unproductive citizen, 91, 153; family homes for, 79, 170; failures of industrial schools, 79, 163; high cost of child neglect, 91, 153; industrial schools as, 79, 164; kindergarten as, 82, 130; kindergarten methods, 82, 134; kindergarten in San Francisco, 82, 1336; Jared Macy (1st Industrial school), 82, 124; political methods in ind. schs., 79, 164; majority of dependent children of U. S. are in almshouses, 86, 127; moral and industrial training, 87, 243; 'private industrial schls. (Wis.), 79, 166; rescuing children in danger of falling, 81, 277; reforming juvenile offenders, 81, 272; restoring to family life, 81, 271; Reports from Ill., 81, 276; Ohio, 81, 278; Vermont, 81, 272; rescue of street children, 82, 122; sending children to homes true economy, 86, 126; state visiting agency, Mass., 79, 172; small asylums for, 79, 171; societies to prevent cruelty, relations of, 82, 127; thirty years' experience in, 85, 181. prevention of cruelty to, societies for, 06, 106; N. Y., 06, 122, 523; Penna., 06, 495; work of, 06, 106; connection with humane societies, 06, 108; true theories as to their work, 06, 110; of La., good work of, 03, 55. private benevolence not checked by public aid to, 01, 371. protection of, law for Wash., 04, 107; effects of State Boards re, 87, 94; Protection Society, Calif., 85, 29. Protective Alliance, N. J., 05, 71. Protective Act, Ont., 95, 396. provision for in N. H., Law re, 95, 365. public wardship of, 92, 351. reclamation of, 87, 236; county home, system of, 87, 236. reconstruction of families by helping, 02. 413. Cu IIDREN-Continued. religious training of, 89, 212, 214, 222. saving work, 87, 229, 289. school, all examined for eye and ear defects, Vt., 05, 82; 06, 71; in Philadelphia, 06, 495. of Shinbone alley, 87, 229; slum, a, classes of inhabitants of, 87, 231; description of streets, &c., 87, 230; ignorance the mother of vice, 87, 234; preventive methods possible, 87, 235. CHILDREN OF THE STATE, 75, 81; 86, 138; 89, xxix; agent for, Ia., 04, 38; agency system for del. ch. in Mass. commended, 86, 154; aid to private institutions, 86, 101; reasons for priv. insts., cheaper than pub., 86, 165; no morality without religion, 86, 163; state cannot teach religion, 86, 164; Board of Char. to receive without question of settlement, 01, 64; care of neglected and dep. in Mass. by, 04, 317; vsiting of, by, 04, 319; care of, 94, 146; advantages of, 94, 147; future of, 06, 109; important agencies that are a part of, in Mich., 02, 247; Michigan plan of, 02, 243; progress of, 02, 243; roll of states with state system, 02, 244; duty of, to, 98, 367; definition of dependent ch., 98, 367; family fits for life better than inst. does, 98, 371; many delinquents properly classed as dependents, 98, 368; right of, to control marriage, 98, 373; Primary school, Mass., 80, 188; Public school, state, at its best, 00, 231; origin of in Mich., 00, 231; later developments, 0'0, 232; results, 00, 324; decrease of child dependence, 00, 234; supervision of, 04, 342; careless placing out work discovered, 04, 345: crime to rob a child of his faith, 04, 348; should encourage not impede good work, 04, 343; need of good records, 04, 347; training of inspectors for, 04, 343: visiting agency of, Mich., 75, 84; wards of in Mass., visiting of, 83, 477. CHILDREN trade instruction of, 04, 512. welfare of, paramount aim of city officials, Balto., 01, 63. women's work with, in Mass., 80, 193. Childs-Drexel Home for union printers, 96, 156. CHINESE. The coolie, 05, 568; high death rate of, in San Francisco, 05, 257:

Page  119 1874 To 1906 119 CHINESE-Continued. deportation of, 93, 437; laborers, exclusion of, 93, 121, 02, 155, 163. 05, 365, 568; immigration, 93, 435, 88, 426, 436, 91, 391, 96, 302, 99, 160; Geary law an industrial misfortune, 93, 437; Health and morals of, 93, 438; Geary law, 93, 439; inhuman laws, 93, 439; restriction a necessity, 93, 436; 05, 568; method of as regards land, '05, 568; shrimp fishery in Calif., 05, 385; problem, a Pacific coast one, 03, 2. Choctaws, civilized Indians, 92, 53. Christ, spirit and principles of, 06, 15; miracles of, 06, 17. Christian world has not yet realized its ideal, 96, 2. Home, The, Council Bluffs, 87, 42. Christianity, results of, 99, 18; in prison administration, 86, 99. Christian, Dr. Jules, on epilepsy as brain disease, 94, 188. Christian Brothers, reformatory, 02, 467. Christmas dinners for poor, 06, 211, 358, 859. Christ's Hospital, founding of, 99, 21. CHURCH of the Divine Fragments, 86, 431; 91, 19; 04, 229. co-operation of in organized charity, 83, 125. duty to the poor of, 97, 233. and private charity, side by side, 89, xxi. the purpose of, 98, 482. CHURCHES: apathy of, 80, 35. and charities, see Charities. and minor pub. insts., 04, 144; co-operation of, with C. 0. S., 84, 80; 99, 364, 367; 01, 385; 03, 550, 555; desire to give relief, 84, 81; how to secure co-operation, 84, 82; must give them work to do, 84, 83; relations of chh. to C. 0. S., 84, 81; flaw in work of, for poor, 90, 19; in charity work, 98, 486; Buffalo plan approved, 98, 488; denominational competition, 98, 487; charity is not the function of the chh., 98, 486; growing ardor to improve soc., 98, 486; function is to generate motive, 98, 486; province is prevention, 98, 486; work has new meaning, 98, 486. Cicero in De officiis, on charity, 89, xx. Cigar maker's union, club of its members. 96, 118. Cincinnati, associated charities of, 83, 102; House of Refuge, 83, 375. Cities, insts. of, 98, 108. City Bd. of Con. St. Paul, wk. of, 89, 252; charities of Balto., new, 01, 27; inferior to those of st., reasons for, 98, 109; tendencies to dif9-C. I. City-Continued. ferent kinds of administration, 98, 110; advantages of one salaried official in command of, 98, 111; of the not far distant future, 06, 496. Citizen, the good, an asset of the st.,06, 410. Citizens' clubs, in settlements, 96, 132. Citizenship, higher order of, need of, 02, 336. Civic improvement; beautiful city an object, 02, 473; boy and a park, story of, 02, 480; baths, in Buffalo, 02 482; in N. Y. city, 02, 480; in 5inti., 02, 482; in Orange, N. J., 02, 483; in St. Paul, 02, 473; mistakes, at first, in N. Y., 02, 481; ch. club, to protect playground, 02, 486; forces in char. wk., 01, 300, 304; ice water barrel in street, 02, 485; motto of Kansas City, "Make city a good place to live in," 02, 483; parks, good, playgrounds better, 02, 479; small in Chicago, 02, 485; no vacant lot playgrounds in N. Y. city, 02, 479; street, order and safety of, 02, 475; most interesting place in the world, 02, 476. CIIL SERVICE; in Ill., 06, 24; extension of in N. Y., 06, 53; in cities, Ill., 95, 342; in Wis., 06, 74; sound objections to, 06, 547; law, new in Ill., 03, 14; for St. insts. Ill., 05, 44; in Colo., 03, 33; in Kansas, following meeting of Nat. Conf. of C. and C., 01, 58; practical results of, in England, 96, 435; politics lays hands on every service, 96, 435; reform, 85, 493; 98, 256; a means of social salvation, 98, 256; need of in New York, 77, xxv; appointments in penal insts, 98, 244; need of a moral awakening, 98, 260; influence of Tammany Hall, 98, 256, 259; partition of places in Colo., following election, 99, 417; "snivel service reform," 99, 416; state insts., and, 00, 195; political parties a necessity, 00, 195; value of trained judgment, 00, 199; system, in N. Y. char. insts., 04, 136; need of wisdom in conducting, 04, 136; examples of worthless examinations, 04, 136; valueless references, 04, 137; see also Merit system; Politics in Insts; and Spoils. Civilization, costs of. 99, 4; not sole source of modern philanthropy, 06, 18.

Page  120 120 CUMULATIVE INDEX Civilizing Indians, 92, 56. Civil war, consequences of, 03, 459; influence of on young men, 97, 29. Class conviction that charity stands in the way of justice, 94, 24. Clean city club, children's, 02, 486. Cleanliness means destruction of germs, 91, 353. Cleveland, Grover, and hopes for the negro, 03, 3, 22. Clearing house of charities for the U. S. wanted, 01, 113. Clergymen's duty towards social questions, 90, 21. Climate and crime and pauperism, 91, 226. Clothing, in Institution for children, 90, 240. Clubs for young and old at Hull House, 94, 315. Club work for boys and girls, 06, 588. Coal sold at cheap rates, Balto., 03, 58. Cobbold, Dr., (England) sch. for F. M., 87, 323. Cockayne, Rev. O. on "mere-swine whip" for the ins., 01, 157. Coit, Stanton and the unemployed, 94, 23. Colchester, Engd., School for Idiots, 93, 204. Coldwater State Public School, Mich., 78, 174. Coler, Bird W., against public funds for private Insts., 00, 287. College, the function of, 95, 123; men and charity workers unite, 95, 1, 15; settlements in London, various, 96, 113, in Phila., 94, 320; different sects represented in, 96, 114; students visiting institutions, 91, 370. Collyer, Robert, and the wasted plant, 86, 122; and skill as a blacksmith, 97, 119. Colonies, Labor, German, 91, 169; methods of, 91, 170; Colony Farm for criminals, Mass., 04, 54; for imbeciles, Mass., 04, 54; for vagrants, Belgium, 91, 168; methods, 91, 169; for epileptics, see Epileptics. Colorado Home Society, a State Bureau for children, 01, 44. Colored Nurses for the sick, 91, 358. Columbian Exposition and Charities exhibit, 91, 347; 376. Comanches, Indians, 92, 45. Commercial club, financing reform schools, 01, 223. Commissioner of Charities, N. Y. city, 01, 81; good work of, 03, 84; experiences of, told by himself, 04, 134. Communism, outdoor relief as, 88, 438. Community building in the South, 04, 564. Comparison and discontent, the parents of reform, 94, 228. Compassion, the progress of, 01, 1. COMPULSORY EDUCATION, 85, 228; in Colorado, 04, 519, Germany 04, 520; curative act on, a 05, 131; and charity, 00, 277; co-operation of forces under, 00, 285. relief dispensed by truant officers, 00, 280; itinerant and nomadic classes, and, 00, 281; laws, 05, 95; of Alcuin and Charlemagne, 04, 275; in different states of U. S., '04, 276; in Ind., 04, 274, 277; Ind., truancy laws, 00, 279; in Mo., 05, 64; Indiana law working well, 03, 47; Prussian law, 04, 275; Washington, state, 04, 107; 05, 85; and manual training as preventive of criminality, 00, 294; in relation to crime and social morals, 85, 228; comparison with total population, 85, 230: four cardinal institutions of education, 85, 232; evil street schools of bootblack and newsboy, 00, 282; illiterate convicts, 85, 229; 04, 279; object of education is preparation for life, 85, 234; percentages of prisoners who have trades, 85, 230. Comte, Alphonse, on Christianity as consecration of egoism, 02, 23. Concealed weapons, carrying, 84, 374, 377. Conditional liberation, 86, 95; 93, 157; 00, 408; good effects of, 00, 409; cases of, 00, 409; of convicts in Ontario, 99, 110. Conditional pardon in La., the first issued. 01, 61. Conference of Jewish Charities, 06, 502. CONFERENCE, THE NATIONAL, 01, 25; attitude of to dependents, 97, 3; beginning of, 04, 1: bearing of on social problems, 06, 2; 501; broadening of, 04, 614; central task of, 06, 1; correction of civic life belongs to, 04, 615; characteristics of, 93, 28; departments of work of, 89, xix; distinguished speakers at, 02, 5; effects of on charity organization, 93, 12: on care and treatment of insane, 93, 14; on care of feeble minded, 93, 17; on dependent and delinquent children's work, 93, 19, 21; on hospitals, 93, 24; on immigration laws, 93, 25; on Indian question, 93. 26; on public relief, 93, 24; on prison reform, 93, 22; on st. bds. of charities, 93, 10; endowment of, suggested, 01, 349; entering too many new fields, 04, 613;

Page  121 1874 TO 1906 121 CONFERENCE, THE NATIONAL-Cont'd. early history of, 82, 10; free platform of, 97, 02; golden rule its principle, 06, 17; history of, 89, xviii; high water mark of at Philadelphia, 06, 603; honor due. 93, 5; influence of in D. of C., 01, 336; influence not measurable, 93, 3; influence of, on institutions, 06, 1; keynote of policy of is humility, 01, 339; members of as learners, 06, 499; meeting at a great university, 95, 2; name a misnomer, change suggested, 96, 11; objects of, 87, 15; object, to ask questions, 90, 9; origin of, 87, 15; 06, 11; 93, 8; outgrowth of bds. of st. char., 86, 12; purposes of, 97, 3; power of, through public opinion, 01, 431; relation of, to progress, 93, 1; results of-in Georgia, 06, 334; in Maine, 06, 335; in Kansas, 01, 57; in D. of C., 02, 393; seal the, account of, 98, lii; separation of from Social Science Association, 82, 16; settlements and, 97, 10; shared in development of new philanthropy, 96, 11; spirit of progress in, 87, 17; spirit of, 06, 500; support of, 01, 349; testimonies to value of, 93, 6, theory of, 99, 3; unity in variety. 99, 1; when held, 02, 2; work of, 06, 501. Conference, National of Cuba, 02, 106. Conferences of St. Bd. of Control, la., 04, 38; 03, 69. Conferences, Parlor, in St. Paul, 94, 248. CONFERENCES, STATE, 01, 27; list of, 05, 93; 06, 83; California, 01, 41; Canadian, 98, 105; Minn., to be attended by public officials, 05, 62; Colorado, results of, in, 06, 83; Kentucky, 06, 84; Mass., 06, 84; N. J. (1st in), 02, 76; N. J., 06, 48; Ohio, law authorizing. 06, 85; N. H. 1st, 99, 78; Mich., 89, 256; Mich., benefits and methods of, 89, 256; Missouri, (1st.) 01, 73; Oregon (1st.), 02, 91; resolutions on, 89, 256; reports on, 92, 313; Virginia, 06, 85; Washington (1st), 04, 108; Wisconsin (1st), 82, 253; 89, 257; 260. Conferences of volunteers, bi-monthly, C. O. S. Balto., 03, 58. Confederate Homes, 96, 294; veterans' pensions, 96, 295; in S. C., 03, 101; Confederate Homes-Continued. without pensions, largely independent, 96, 296. Confucius, on men growing rich out of emoluments of office, 84, 95. Congestion, definition of, 05, 564; of population, 05, 554. Congress, no police powers in States, 01, 113. Congress for organizing charity, suggested, 97, 142. Connecticut temperance union, 03, 37. Conolly. Dr., propositions re insanity, 94, 201. Consanguinity, 97, 299; doctrine of, 97, 303. Conscription of soldiers, some things in favor of, 97, 150; 97, 15. Consolidation of city and county government, Denver, 03, 32. Constitution of N. C. most clear on state provision for and supervision of the poor, 98, 3. Consumer's League, 06, 6; 160; do. Kentucky, 02, 51; R. I., 02, 93; investigation of home work by, N. J., 06, 46; progress of, in Utah, 02, 97; national convention of, in Louisville, 03. 53. Consumptives dumped on Colorado, 89, 217; Jewish hospital for, in Denver, 00, 296; hospital for in N. Y., 99, 82; see also Tuberculosis. Contagion of health, the, 00, 22. Contagions of disease, 05, 588. Contentment of poverty, most disheartenin- feature, 96, 261. Contract labor, (prison) 85, 302; 87, 106: abolition of in Md., 88, 333; N. J., 84, 46; Ohio, 84, 50; N. Y., 84, 326; competition of with free labor, 87, 106; historical view of, 87, 281; money as measure of success, 87, 283; not reformatory in tendency, 87, 111; price of outside labor affected by, 87, 109: profitable to state, 87, 111: U. S. statistics of, 86, 108; see also Convict labor; Prison labor and (rinmin a s. Contract labor law, violations of, 91, 194. Contributory delinquency law, Colo., 04, 270; 273. Control. Bd. of, see St. Bd. of Control. Convalescent, care of pressing, 05, 584; 05, 198; care of in England, 83, 433; half-cured patients, '05, 203; opportunity of convalesence for all, 05, 209; provision for, in N. Y., '06, 52; sanatoria needed for, 05, 206. Conversion of business man to C. 0. S. methods, case of, 01, 373. CONVICTS: Alabama, county system, 0S, 26; present condition of, 94, 230; state farm a disastrous experiment, 03. 25; alleged illiteracy of, an error, 8&, 202;

Page  122 122 CUMULATIVE INDEX CONVICTS-Continued. binding out of female, 80, 67; camps, in Fla., inspector for, 99, 52; central bureau of records of, Mich., 04. 59; colony in Indiana, 05, 46; employment of, 86, 120; death of, by gunshot wounds in Ark., 84, 20; discharged, aid to, 80, 70; aid to female, 80, 73; difficulties of, 80, 80; employment for, 80, 84; beginning of wk. for, 80, 85; method of aid, 80, 85; neglect of, hurtful to society, 80, 82; public indifference to 80. 83; educated, 86, 393; education of, not industrial, 86, 393; emigration forced, of British, 76, 180; of German, 76, 181. CONVICT LABOR, Alabama, change of contract, 03, 25; commission on, Indiana, 03, 50; in Coal mines, Ala., 99, 39; cotton mills for, Ala., 99, 39; com. on, Ala., 04, 36; lease system, abolished in La., 01, 26; 60; abolished in Miss., 96, 58; prohibited in S. C., 03, 100; existing in Ga., 03, 41; contract, abolished in Ohio, 06, 59; in Indiana, 06, 407, 408; unfavorable to reformation, 87, 279; from a manufacturer's standpoint, 87, 113; evils of concentration in a few trades, 87, 114; destruction of industry by, 87, 114; a form of slavery, 87, 113; on public roads, N. C., 96, 79; Ga., '03, 41; varied, in N. C., 04, o5; CONVICT; made goods, law re sale of, in Indiana, 95, 345; numbers of. diminution of, in N. Y., 00, 342; punishment system of, 81, 253; science of penology a recent one, 81, 253; sale of in colonies, 80, 38; schools for in Ala., 96. 19; solitary confinement of, 81, 255. see also Prisons, Crime, &c. Cook. Father and probation in Boston, 97. 41. Cook. Miss and her three insane boarders, 00. 102. Cooley. Prof. Charles H.. on university training, 05, 439. Cooper, Mrs. Sara B., & kindergartens, 02, 423. Cooper, Peter, and child helping institutions, 06, 114. Cooper, Miss Susan Fenimore, on child placing, 85, 203, 207. Cooper Union, N. Y., industrial schools of, 8f, 220. CO-OPERATION charitable, 88, 125; 01, 298: Co-OPERATION —Continued. among charities, 81, 307; 06, 341; with churches in Buffalo, 04, 606; internal needed (case), 01, 379; with churches and clubs, 04, 209, 210; common ground needed for, 01, 384; forces for, 01, 300; civic, 01, 304; neighborhood, 01, 303; family, 01, 301; personal, 01, 303; private and public charitable, 01, 305, 306; diagram of, 01, 300; ideals and methods of, 04, 200, 216; aristocracy not yet dead in charity, 04, 204; democracy needed, 04, 202; Monday club of Boston, plan for, 01, 384; of officials secured by frequent interviews, 03, 38; official relief, with, in Columbus, O., 02, 390; Lawrence, Kan., 02, 390; Portland, Me., 02, 391; Richmond, Va., 02, 391; Indiana, 01, 385; Newark, N. J., 04, 607; poor. with, and their neighbors, 04, 606; problem in, a, 06, 334; patience and tolerance needed, 04, 605: personal acquaintance as means of, 04, 607; social, 04, 606; results of in Boston, 83, 113; without leadership, a failure, 04, 195. Co-operative Benevolence, 81, 105; forces of, relatives, 01, 369; of churches, 01, 379; work in upbuilding families, difficulties of, 01, 382; pays charities to be, 01, 311. Co-ordination, not identity, in C. 0. S. work, 02, 268. Coram, Thomas, foundlings hospital, 85, 185. Corporal punishment, vs. sugar plums, 85, 433. Correction added to name of conference, 96, 11. Correction, House of, in Chicago, 00, 433; a dumping ground, 00, 434; thieves and drunkards as guards, 00, 434; worthless officials, 00, 434. Corsica, murders in, 84, 276. Cortena (in Tyrol), technical education, 84, 209. Cortes, Fernando, and the asylum for poor in Mexico, 01, 109, 110. Cosmopolitan neighborhood of Hull House, 94, 314. Cost, annual, and number, of defectives, paupers and criminals, table, 86, 30; per capita of, in Penna. Insts., 80, xxiv; of state institutions, Indiana, 06, 407. Cottage Homes of Sheffield, England (almshouse), 05, 404. system, for Insane, 87, 216; 94, 293. for juv. offenders, 89, 311; 9 233.

Page  123 1874 TO 1906 123 Cotton mill for convict workers, 97, 374. Cotton mill owners, sociological work of, Lowell, Mass., in 1845, 03, 157; Southern States, in 1903, 03, 162; operatives making rapid progress, 03, 165. COUNTY, agency system (Mich.), 82, 75; 89, 311: asylums in Wis., support of, 97, 314; state control of, 90, 254; 89, 279; 87, 315; boards of charities in Indiana, 02, 46; fees, crusade against on moral grounds, N. J., 03, 81; homes for dependent children, replacing township poorhouses in Penna., 02; 93. and municipal corrections, 03, 392; defects of jails, 03, 394; local prisons, 03, 392; separation of convicted from untried prisoners, 03, 398. and municipal insts., 03, 373; lack of intelligence about, 03, 377; no distinct line between state & county, 03, 373; state care a slow growth, 03. 376; uniformity secured by positive laws, 03, 374. poor house system, 89, xxiii. temporary homes for dep. ch. Conn., 02, 34: visitors' Bds. of Mo., 03, 70; in Mass., 96. 152. Country life unavoidable hardship of for an inst. ch., 86, 134; homes for dep. ch. Mass., 90, 202; week, in Boston, 81, 93; country week fresh air fund, 90, 204; a cause of discontent, 90, 206; week or six weeks. 90, 426. Courts, juvenile, see Juvenile courts. Cousins, intermarriage of, 06, 261; children of, tendency of to neuroses in, 06, 262; to color blindness, 06, 262; to deafness, 06, 265; first cousin marriages, 06, 262; same name marriages, 06, 262, 263; statistics of among various classes of People, 06, 264: in France, 06. -o8, 269. Cowles. Dr. Edward, and hosp, management, 88, 179: 91, 75. Cox, Dr. James, Lunacy Comr., Scotland, 05, 423. Coxey's army, 94, 4, 11. Cradle Beach, Buffalo, 02, 482. Crackers, of Ga., 03, 574. Craig colony, for epi., 95, 371; 96, 74; description of, 03, 260; 97, 69, 71, 72, 279. Craig. Oscar, obituary, 94, 343. Cramer, J. D., in Johnstown relief, 06, 544. Cranks, use of by the state, 90, 3. 6. Creche, The (day nursery), 86, 176; 94, 335. Creeks (Indians), 92, 53. Cretinism, 01, 197. Crimean war; horrors of helped to revolutionize hosp. methods, 95, 277; one good result of, 90, 140. CRIME, 85, 413 causes of, broken homes as, 05, 299; illiteracy as, 82, 123; intemperance as, 78, 115; 01, 355; 88, 21; immigration as, 88, 19; sources of, 74. 36; diminishing in England, 88, 210; education in the methods of, 84, 88; schools of, jails as, 00, 53; in Va. 01, 99; in N. C. 04, 85; seminaries of, 80, 51; increase of, 86, 101; 87, 97; imbecility and, 85, 444; insanity, and, 80, 44; inefficiency of punishment, 83, 164; juvenile, decrease of, in New York, 82, 126; penalties, and, 83, 163; press, the, and, 82, 227; prevention of, 78, 111; 80, 60; a duty of society, 82, 132; and punished, 91, 227; reduction of, city dept. needed for, 81, 182; sin, and crime not identical, 85, 15; 92, 26; statistics of, in U. S., 90, 311; transmitted tendency to, 78, 116; treatment of, a branch of psychology, 79, 117; vice and crime different things, 85, 414; wave of, yearly, 01, 419; low in winter, high in summer, 01, 419; when trade is good, prisons are full. 01, 419. CRIMINAL; class, origin of, 78, 114; family, case of, 82, 245; girls and women in joint inst., 86, 352; laws, codification of, 97, 54; and the law, amelioration of punishments, 04. 436: causal relation bet. crime and punishment, 04, 438; good time laws, 04, 437; mutual relationship of, 04, 434; religious sanction of laws, 04, 439; procedure, reforms in, 05, 300: abuse of technical forms, 05, 301; cases illustrative, 05, 302; deficiencies of reform movements, 05, 310; failure and delay, 05, 548; grand jury system, 05', 305; laws better enforced, 05, 308; immunity carried to unwarranted extent, 05, 304; right of appeal abused, 05, 303; shirking of jury duty, 05, 349; state's care of, begins too late, 99, 114; treatment of, 02. 315; aversion of typical criminals to old prisons, but horror of reformatory, 02, 318; methods of reform, 02, 320; need to know nature of C. 02, 315; prison a moral hospitai, 02, 321; reformatory a college of ethics, 02, 323:

Page  124 124 CUIMULATIVE INDEX CRIM IN AL-Continued. zone, a,,97, 55; see also Criminals, Reformation, Prisoners, &c. CRIMINALS; altruistic principles of age towards, 05, 293; analysis of, 04, 426; can they be reformed, 89, 114; cases of ex-convicts in good society, 04, 444; changes in attitude of state towards, 04, 446; classes of, 80, 60; colored, 03, 444; disfranchising of, 04, 442; farm colony for (Mass.), 04, 54; foreign, influx of, 84, 390; indifference of society to, 04, 595; instances of in reformatory, 04, 593; mental vision of distorted, 00, 19: moral color-blindness of, 04, 428; moral insensibility of, 79, 116; professional, 83, 16o; reformation of, see Reformation; specious reasoning of, cases of, 04, 440; southern, mostly negroes, 03, 589; treatment of, 84, 272; 03, 439; 04, 422; absurdity of grading penalties to offences, 01, 147; ancient methods before imprisonment, 01, 148; cooperation essential to reformation, '03, 452, of the criminal, 03, 449; of the philanthropist, 03, 452; Crofton system of, 83, 217, 225, 229; direction of reform, efforts to revolution of, 01, 151; economic independence the aim of, 05, 295; education and religion in, 03, 445; efficacy of punishment in inverse ratio of severity, 04, 425; English, 83, 219; 84, 272; Gloucester system, 83, 222; Georgia, state, can lead if she will, 03, 447; imprisonment supplanted other methods, 01, 148; indeterminate sentence indispensable, 03, 441; labor as, 03, 442; making good citizens a divine art, 05, 296; penal codes, without consistency, 01, 148; police supervision of, 83, 218, 229; information exchange, 83, 221; post-penitentiary, 83, 216; pride vs. shame, 03, 444; prison discipline a science, 04, 594; probation and parole, 01, 150; rational, begins with the arrest, 03, 439; reformatory, 03, 448; methods based on Christian ethics, 05, 294; not transcendental nonsense, 05, 295; society's normal institution for character building, 05, 292; revolution of in progress, 01, 147; Victor Hugo's, Bishop's and Javert's, 05, 293; why does the law punish, 04, 423; theory of example, 04, 424; of CRIMINALS-Continued. treatment of-Continued. protection of society, 04, 425; of reformation, '04, 426; younger, the, 05, 292. Criminology, 05, 296; see crime, criminal, &c. Cripple Creek fire, prompt relief, 96, 24. Crispi, on Italian charities, 90, 99. Criticism of methods of a society work by professional accountants, 03, 187; of opponents, valuable, 06, 339; of public institutions, good and bad, 04, 140. Crofton, Sir Walter, prison management of, 81, 269; 83, 217; 86, 92; 93, 149. Crooker, Rev. J. H., and reform in Montana, 96, 62; and ancient and modern methods of char., 91, 228. Crook, General, as friend of Indians, 92, 24. Cross-heredity, 03, 539. Crotchet-mongers in state legislatures, 00, 107. Crothers, Dr. Samuel, and the statisticans, 06, 434, 441, 442. Cruel sports and diversions, 06, 13. Crusade, modern, for children, 06, 112. Cuba, special report from, 00, 374; Cumulative sentence law strengthened in 0., 96, 83; 93, 446. Curfew ordinances, 96, 64; 01, 213, needed, Del., 03, 38. Curtis, G. W., and civil service reform, 99, 416; on Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., 02, 5; letter from on charity work, 92, 317; on Prof. Von Hoist, 98, 245. Curve of sex divergence by age, 06, 139. D. Dactylic spelling, 86, 218. Dangerous classes of New York, The, 92, 199. D'Arcambal, Mrs. Agnes, and work with ex-convicts, 99, 378; 93, 176, 01, 120, 02, b5.1, 532. Darenth, Engl'd, inst. for imbeciles, 87. 323. Darrah, Estella, and child study, 06, 238. Dark rooms in N. Y., no. of, 03, 2. Darwin, Sir George H., and consanguineous marriages, 06, 262, 263. Darwinianism. application of to social phenomena, 95, 121. David Elginbrod, 88, 213, 85, 347. Dante Alighieri Society, Calif., 05,378; Davis Child's temporary shelter, W. Va., 01, 102. Dague tramp bill, Calif., 97, 377. Davy, Sir Humphry, his greatest discovery, 84, 105. Day nurseries, 94, 333; 99, 170; 85, 481; American Federation of, meetings of, 06, 594;

Page  125 1874 TO 1906 125 Day nurseries-Continued. earliest educational influence, 06, 594; growth of, 06, 595; internal organization of, 97, 107; occupation in, 92, 426; neighborhood work of, 06, 595; rules for admission, Y7, 106. Day Nursery Work, 92, 424; scope of, 97, 105. Dawes, Miss Anna L., and sch. for soc. workers, 97, 184, 186. Deaconesses, Evangelical, 90, 392; Lutheran and Reformed, 90, 392; I-louses, 90, 126, 140, 392; 94, 57; order of, 96, 202. DEAF American asylum for, the, 06, 255; appearance and character of, 06, 250, 259; and Blind in Idaho, 02, 40; care and training of, 06, 249; nature of care required by, 06, 249; methods of in N. Y., 83, 416; classes of the, 06, 253; consanguineous marriages and the, 06, 251; development of hearing in, 83, 418, 426; education and care of, 86, 215; 83, 406; compulsory of, 06, 32; industrial education of, 83, 410; methods of instruction of, '06, 255, 256; oral instruction of, 82, 228; 83, 419; 86, 216; reasons for education of, 83, 415; schools for, number of, 06, 250; for, and Blind classified as educational not charitable, 02, 63; for colored in Va., 06, 72; estab. in Utah, 96, 94; public sch. for, 06, 88; special teachers for in public sch., 80, xxiii; limit of no. of pupils to teachers, 83, 409; Western and Eastern contrasted, 83, 422; and feeble-minded, 06, 253; institutions for, cost of, 06, 259; in N. Y., 77, 64; need of, 83, 407; oversight by Bd. of St. Char. of, 83, 414: labor suited to the, 06, 254; number of the, 06, 250; 85, 496; in Institutions, 85, 496; per capita support in pri. inst., 83, 417; states' attitude tc the, 06, 258; statistics of 10th Census, 84, 416, 426; thoughts of, in script language, 86, 219. Deafness, causes of, 06, 250. Dearborn, Dr. Ella R., and elimination of the unfit, 05, 533. Death rate reduced in model tenements, 91, 128. Deaths from certain diseases, table of, 05, 201. Death rate in Southern prisons, 98, 55; rate of, 05, 204. DEFECTIVES classes of, 06, 16; classes, new, of, 06, 402; DEFECTIVES-Continued. classification of, 06, 277; committee report on, 06, 235; 05, 334; colonies for. definition of, 03, 249; definition of real defectives, 04, 413; as criminals, 04, 385; dependent and delinquent classes, definitions of, 81, 200; as degenerates, 03, 245; list of degenerates, 03, 246; education of, effects of not marked, 91, 224; elimination of, by chloroform, 05, 534; genesis of the, 04, 407; evolutionary theory of, 04, 408; degradation and evolution, 04, 409; hereditary influences, 04, 414; lessons from biology, 04 410; misapplied effort worse than inaction, 04, 417; nature's waste material, 04, 417; heredity and the, 03, 245; estimates of, 03, 248; statistics of asked for, 03, 247; neuropathic family, 03, 247; instruction re in professional schools, 06, 236, 564; in Juvenile Reformatories, 04, 385; laws concerning, 06, 235, 240, 564; marriage laws re, 06, 240; in N. J., 04, 77; medical inspection of in pub. sch., 06, 236: minority report on, 03, 254; necessity of special care of, 06, 235; Penna. system of Insts for, 80, xxii; in reform Schools, 05, 534; scientific value of Insts. for, 06, 235, 241, 243, 276, 565; segregation of, 03, 245; permanent segregation, 05, 537; demanded for specialized instruction, 03, 245; cost of great, but good economy, 03, 251; support of, plus control, 03, 252; colonies for, 05, 537, instances of, 03, 250: self support of 06,, 235, 238, 239; sources of the, 91, 225; sterilization of, declared unjust, 03, 249; argument in favor of, 03, 254; as tramps, paupers and criminals, 91, 227. Defectiveness, preventable causes of, 06, 235, 240, 276, 565. Defects of intellect, emotions and will, 91. 222. Defoe, Daniel, on care of insane, 90, 253; 92, 96; on the insane as a rent charge on the community, 94, 208. de Forest, R. W., and tenement house work in N. Y., 01, 23; 04, 491; on tenements in small cities, 02, 350; with the legislature, 02, 474. de Forest Act, the, 04, 491. Degeneracy, constant stream of, 97, 466; three chief forms of, 00, 17. Degenerate, segregation of, 97, 6.

Page  126 126 CUMULATIVE INDEX Degenerates, number of increasing, 03, 527. Degeneration (Max Nordau), 95, 111, 187; 88, 154; an overworked term, 01, 14; stigmata of, 01, 14. de Girardin, Emile, on failure of imprisonment, 97, 41. Delaware Jails, 85, 428. de Lhuys, Drouyn, before Institute of France on Michigan's child saving, 02, 249; 88, 262. Delinquency, law, adult contributory, Ore.., 05, 77; Ill., 05, 45; parental in Colo., 05, 600. Delinquent Juvenile, see Juvenile delinquents. youth, reform of, outside insts. the best, 84, 18. Delinquents, classes of, 06, 16. Dementia, prompt treatment for, 02, 330. De Metz at Mettray, 80, 187; 80, 213; 01, 256. Demme, of Berne, on T. B. from milk, 99. 124. Demoniacal possession (insanity), 01, 156-157. Democracy, the 19th Century song of, 0., 201. triumphant and showing its possibilities, 96, 3. Denison, Edward, in Whitechapel, 96, 110; and the rush to the city, 95, 46; life of, 85, 347. Denver bottoms, social settlement, 00, 297. Dependence, causes of, attack on, 06, 3; business as, 06, 4, 6; common element in, 06, 5; elimination of, 06, 410; ignorance, '06, 7, 8; personal vs. social, 06, 8; great disasters as, 06, 16; social, 06, 8; insanity as, 88, 16; problems of, passing over from charity to economics, 04, 198. DEPENDENT classes of, 06, 16; new classes of, 06, 402; maternal attitude to, 97, 5: children, see children dependent; and defective classes, program for, 80, 34; Dependent and delinquent, definitions of in Ill., 99, 54. legal control of certain classes needed, '05. 411; non-resident, 05, 418; venereally diseased, 05, 415, 417; feeble minded, 05, 411, sick, duty of community to care for, 02, 216. Dependents number of, 91, 12; public in Ind., 05, 593; in Calif., 05, 594; orientals as, 05, 597; Dependents-Continued. report of a committee of State Conference of N. H. on, 00, 335. DESERTING, husband, law, new, in Neb., 03, 72; man, family of, 02, 378; considered as a unit, 02, 384; case from Orange, N. J., 02, 379; assumes his children will not suffer, 02, 382: each case a special problem, 02, 385; how far should family be allowed to suffer, 02, 381; extradition of, 05, 509; methods in Toledo, 0., 02, 378. 383; moral suasion useful with, 02, 385; old English law of wife agst. husband, 02, 382; probation of, 02, 384; in Norwich, Conn., 02, 384; prosecution of in Ohio, 02, 383; women refuse to appear agst. husbands, 02, 381. DESERTION. crime in Minn., 02, 383; extraditable offense, 02, 382; of family as cause of poverty, 05, 603; felony or misdemeanor? 05, 508; laws re Minn., 04, 63; Ky., 04, 44; La., 0/4, 46; Md., 04, 51; Va., 04, 1.05; resolutions on, 05, 617; special committee on, 03, 522; of wife, misdemeanor in N. J., 03, 79; Despines, on abnormal disposition in criminals, 88, 83. Destitute infants, Mass. system, 89, 1. Destitute mothers bill in N. Y., defeated for 3rd time, 99, 83. Destitution, causes of, 06, 329, 330; exploitation of labor as, 06, 333; governmental defects as, 06, 334; ignorance as, 06, 331; industrial inefficiency as, 06, 332. Destree, Dr., on abuse of alcohol, 99, 217. Detention Hosp. for Insane, Duluth, 01, 32. Deterrence of crime, doctrine of, 86, 90. De Tocqueville on extent of local authority in America, 00, 107. Detroit Association of Charities of, 83, 104. Devine, Edward T., 06, 115, 241, 376, 497, 501; on employment relief, 97, 214; and tuberculosis, 02, 313; on test of agent's success, 03, 304; on beggars in N. Y., 03, 334; on need of accident insurance, 03, 524. Dewey, Dr. R., on St. Bds. and their functions, 94, 17. Dewing, Wm. G. (Mich.), friend of children, 84, 345. Diamond Joe Reynolds and $10,000,000 for philanthropies in Ariz., 91, 288. Diaz, Pres. of Mexico, and conquests of peace, 00, 379.

Page  127 1874 TO 1906 127 Dietaries, improvement of, '01, 173, 181, 183; 02, 453; for tuberculosis, 03, 573. Dietary, standard, 01, 173, 184; studies, 01, 176; of working people, 88, 423. Diet kitchen, Columbus, 0., 00, 350. Dipsomaniac, laws re, Md., 94, 307, Hospital for, 00, 327; in Hosp. for Ins., Neb., 05, 66. Directors of St. Insts., 87, 324. Directory of St. Insts., 95, 397. Discharged Prisoners' Relief Soc. (England), 83, 225; Maryland Soc., 83, 243; see also Prisoner's Aid; Home for, Detroit, 88, 416; 89, 305; Oakland, 89, 303. Discipline, the country's greatest need, 85, 275. Discontent of the fortunate, 92, 241. DISEASE contagious, lack of hospitals for, 06, 190; and dependence, 03, 334; care of the aged a measure of civilization, 03, 337; dependence produced by disease a factor in amelioration of disease producing conditions, 03, 340; dissociate dependence from pauperism, 03, 335; improved almshouses desirable. details of, 03, 338; physical disability condition of admission to Inst., 03, 336; sickness the leading cause of poverty, 03, 3:34: physical the cause of social d., 06, 169; prevention of educational opportunity of visiting nurse in, 06, 185; by improved housing, &c., 05, 186; bad air chief cause of disease, 05, 187, 188, 189, 193; dust as cause, 05, 187; flies and mosquitoes, 05, 190; poor food as, 05, 190; rich man's shack and poor man's hovel, 05, 194; and insanity, prevention of, 78, 79, 80; primary causes of, 78, 82; the other infectious, 89, 57; restrictions on liberty of the sufferers, 89, 61; vice and poverty are not pre-ordained, 91, 5. Diseases of the mind, Rush, Dr., 91, 6. DISPENSARIES provident, 76, 159; 77, 38; advantages of, to the poor, the doctor, the benevolent, 77, 45; business basis of, 77, 39; English, 77, 39; patients at, classes of, 77, 38; Manchester, England, rules of, 77, 40; Mission in Denver, 89, 246; regulation of, by St. Bd. of Char., N. Y., 99, 82; supported in 1853 by fines levied regularly on brothels, 93, 335. Disraeli, Benjamin, on health of the people, 06, 182. Dissecting room, horror of, a stimulus to energy, 89, 209. Distress of winter of '93 in N. Y., 94, 22; remedies in N. Y., 94, 23; by the city, 94, 25; by the organization, 94, 25; other funds, 94, 26; results of relief work, 94, 27; self-help the greatest remedy, 94, 24: emergency work in Boston, 94, 45; Cleveland, O., 94, 50; Denver's plan, 94, 55; Phila., 94, 63; winter's work in Charleston, S. C., 94, 34; Louisville, Ky., 94, 43; Pittsburg, 94, 36; St. Paul, Minn., 9.9, 30. District nursing, 90, 126; see also Nursinlg. District workhouses, 89, 45. District of Columbia, A. C. of, 83, 117; 84, 73; method of government of, 93, 307. Dix, Dorothea, and condition of the insane, 93, 225, 238; 96, 446, 2; and growth of social conscience, 06, 468; life and work of, 87, 307; in Scotland, 05, 423; and N. H. insane hospital, 95, 279; and selection of site of Elwyn Inst., 06, 270; and State Prison at Charlestown, Mass., 98, 219; and cost of equipment of Insts., 01, 363. Divine Human life, 92, 223; Kingdom of God is helpfulness, 92, 225: salvation from death and into life, 92, 225; Division of labor in charity, 06, 336. Dixie Company, selling small farms, 04, 565. Dockers in London, 95, 454. Dollar Relief Society, Buffalo, 94, 302. Dole relief, transition from, 06, 338; in England, 03, 554. Domestic work for boys, 84, 348, 350, 351, 352. Domat, Jean, on civil law, 97, 459. Donaldson on growth of the brain, 99, 259. Domicile, the, 98, 223. Donkey cart for nurses' supplies (England), 94, 99. Dora. Sister, and hospital wk., 99, 19. Doren, Dr. G. A., and self-support of feeble-minded on complete provision for F. M., 91, 104; 92, 345, 349. Dorset, England, and increasing insanity, 98, 275. Draper. Dr. J. W.. on evolution, 88, 80. Drexel home for printers, 96, 156. Drink evil, 97. 235; as cause of poverty, 99, 25, 370; commitments in Cleveland, 0., 97, 235; cumulative sentence law, 97, 238; habit, what it is, 92, 151.

Page  128 CUMULATIVE INDEX Drought, effects of on charities, &c., in Neb., 95, 362. Drumgoole, Father, in New York, 96, 338. Drummond, and the directing of evolution, 95, 53. Drunkards, habitual, law, Dela., 03, 37; Va, 03, 104; families, 88, 131; breaking up homes, 88, ].35: corrupting influences on children, 88, 134. Drunkenness, cause of, 88 415; chief cause of arrest, oi, 419; sentence for in Mass., 99, 66- terms shortened (Mass.), 02, 58. Du Bois, Mrs. Cornelius, obituary, 93, 91. Ducker's field hospital, 86, 367. Du Camp, Dr., and patients in hospital for Ins., 05, 426. Dubois, Dr., and Dr. Washington, 04, 267; Dugdale, on refuge boys, 96, 362. Dumb-bell tenements, 02, 358. Dumping ground of paupers and defectives, city of New York as, 86, 19. Dunlap, Mrs. Harriet A., obituary, 93, 92. Dunn, Michael, ex-convict and helper of discharged prisoners, 88, 343, 416. Dunraven, Lord, landowner in Colo., 88, 427. Dun-sur-Auron, village care of insane, 02, 186, 197. 198. Duplication of work by societies, cases of in Portland, Me., 06, 336. Duprez, Paul, 17th Century punishment for lese-majesty, 04, 436. Dutch Frank, Riley's insane cobbler, 91, 304. Duty of State as to the prisoner, 85, 16; as to the insane, 85, 21; 89, 63; to children, 88, 132. Dwellings, sanitary oversight of, 95, 508; improved, 95, 511; ex-appropriation law needed, 95, 512. E. Earle, Dr. Pliny, on fallacious statistics of insane, 87, 78; 95, 188; on causes of insanity in N. Y., 98, 268; on employment for the insane, 93, 248. Earlswood, English School for Idiots, 87, 323; 93, 204; 98, 300. Early marriages commended, 89, 235. Easy street, people who live on, obligations of, 02, 205. Eaton, Dorman B., report on spoils system in N. Y. P. 0., 98, 256. Ecole, D'Alembert, France, 90, 199. Ecole, Diderot, Paris, 95, 202. Economic view of charities, 83, 16. Economics, teachers of, 94, 74. Economy in building insts., 84, 41; of foods, 01, 174, 180; of state in care of children, 87, 238. Ede, Rev. Mr., on medical relief on easy terms, 98, 325. Edinburgh College settlement and the city's beauty, 96, 112. EDUCATION African race, of, 87, 170; board of, in Philadelphia, 06, 576; its cooperation with Children's Aid Soc., 06, 576; of blind and employment of, 88, 119; companionship, chief element in, 06, 113; compulsory, of deaf, Md., 04, 51; 06, 32; effects of on child labor, 06, 161; employers made responsible for, 06, 46; truant offices to inspect shops, 06, 46; of Indian, 87, 184, 288; as development of mind and body, 06, 243; fads and essentials in, 06, 248; factor in reformation, 86, 65; improved, is not reducing crime, 96, 80; of Indian chiefs in America, 06, 244; literary, limited to a few generations, 06, 244; of the masses, the "war cry" in the South, 03, 90; moral, of children, 87, 247; prehistoric, of the race, 06, 243; of the public re the defectives, 06, 235, 2.36, 237; technologic in Ref. schools, 86, 67; through industries, 06, 247; through self activity, 06, 245; through social intercourse, 06, 247; and selection, 99, 14; what is wanting in it, in America, 96, 80. EDUCATIONAL Association, National, 06, 235, 242; campaign in N. C., 04, 82. and religious aid, 03, 329; care for the masses the cry of unchristian philanthropy, 03, 329; care for the individual the cry of Christian charity, 03, 329; Christian education the sole solution of problems, 03, 333: eradicate causes not effects, 03, 333. Efficiency in State Insts., 06, 401. Egypt, reverence for insane in, 01, 156, 186. Elberfeld and Hamburgh, 96, 258. plan, 80, 125; 89, 265; of volunteers and public aid, 04, 116, 117, 120, 124; system of municipal charities, 96, 251; copied in N. Y. city, 93, 55. Elder, John R., on Wis. care of the ins., f6, 189. Eliot, Mrs. Henry W., of St. Louis, and the probation law, 01, 72. Eliot, George, and the reformers, 91, 26. Eliot, Dr. Thos. L., and progress in Portland, 05, 467. Elisha and the Shunamite, 90, 16.

Page  129 1874 TO 1906 129 Elizabeth, Queen, Poor Law of, 78, 32. Ellis Island Immigrant Station, N. Y., 90, 280. Elmira Reformatory, 84, 211, 327; 85, 275; 87, 97; 88, 6; 90, 215; 91, 216; 93, 149, 287; 02, 533; building of, 04, 596; description of, 94, 332; 85, 277; education in, 85, 281; feebleminded in, 94, 176, 332; graded system in, 85, 278; methods of, 78, 109; 82, 197; plan reformatory not revolutionary, 86, 399; practical morality class in, 85, 281; and Reform school graduates, 00, 420; spanking as punishment in, 00, 39. Elmore, Andrew E., memorial to, 06, 527, 559. Elwyn, Dr. Alfred, and the school for F. M. in Pa., 06, 276. Elwyn School for Imb., 86, 149; 91, 332, 334; 93, 213. Emancipation, results of, 03, 21. Emergencies, relief in, 06, 541; 90, 236; problems of, 06, 541; Johnstown flood, 06, 542; Sn Francisco fire and earthquake, 06, 549. Emergency funds, 94, 24. Emergency relief by work, is it wise? 95, 96; results of the experience of the winter of 1893-94, 95, 100; homes for dependent children, 87, 239; commitment law for Ins., 91, 320; Emerson on abolition, 99, 138; on America as God's charity to the race, 02, 23. Emigration affecting charitable and penal work, 84, 48; regulation of, 87, 212; cannot be checked, 87, 212; plan for dependent children, 92, 198. see also Immigration. Emotions and morals confused, 95, 118. Emperor Constantine and child saving, 95, 23'9. Employment in reformatories, 85, 241. Employment Bureau, free, 85, 362, 97, 207; in Portland, Ore., 06, 6; amount of money saved to labor by, 97, 208; C. 0. S. as, 97, 211; municipal scheme of in Detroit, 97, 217; opinions from many cities, 97, 214. Employments, instructive and productive, 85, 247. Employers' accident relief, Scotland, 77, 55; made responsible for education of child laborer, 06, 40. Endowments for charity in Rome, present day, 90, 96, 98. English poor relief, 00, 262; 05, 406. Enthusiasm in charity work, 05, 511; of Humanity the, 99, 16; power of, 90, 23. Environment has been overworked, 01, 15; Environment-Continued. vs. heredity with defectives, 96, 457; 99, 13, 272; with insane, 96, 458; experiments impossible, 96, 458; and psychic forces, effects of, 01, 376; hunger not psychical, 01, 382; Epilepsy as opprobrium medicorum, 81, 325. EPILEPTICS asylum for in Texas, 00, 361; among the colored people, 96, 443; at Bielefeld, 90, 264; numbers of, 01, 190; among the insane, 85, 108; care of, 81, 325; 96, 199; 90, 441; in Europe, 96, 199; in Ohio, 96, 199; in Mass., 96, 200: in other states, 96, 202; with the F. M. in many states, 96, 202; by private benevolence, 96, 445; colony care of, 97, 63; methods in Ohio, 97, 64; speedy improvements noticed, 97, 65; colony for, in Tex., 04, 99; in Indiana, 06, 26; for insane E., in Va., 06, 42; ideal C. for, 03, 259; cost of maintenance, 03, 267; Craig Colony, 03, 260; defectives capable of colonization, 03, 260; purposes and advantages of, 03, 259; summary of results, 03, 270; commission on, in Indiana, 03, 48; cures of, 03, 532. alleged large per cent. of, at Gallipolis, O., 98, 458; long continued treatment needed to cure, 96, 441; curability exaggerated in public mind, 97, 469; number who can be cured, 81, 325; new treatments effective because new, 96, 442; surgery for the cure of, 97, 469; dietary care of, 96, 205; 97, 66; effects of, on other ins., 81, 326; feeble-minded, and, 00, 425; connected, 01, 189; natural association of, 01, 190; should they be separated, '00, 427, 430, 431; opinions from Ohio, 00, 428; theoretical division of labor, 00, 429; hosp. for.. Mass., 96, 48; in hosp. for ins., 96, 442; industrial education of, 97, 69; cases, 97, 54: Workshop street at Craig, Col., 97, 71; insane, 90, 263; insts. for, 90, 275; abroad, 94, 190; Bielefeld, 94, 191; La Force, 94, 191; sundry English, 94, 192, 193; in IT. S., Ohio, Mass., Penna., Mich., Md. and other states, 94, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197; Craig, Col., description and ground plan,.9.. 189; Ontario, 04, 111; 06, 76; Mo., 99, 408;

Page  130 130 CUMULATIVE INDEX EPILEPTICS-Continued. labor, value of, to, 98, 309; benefits of, cases, 98, 314; estimates of employable inmates, 98, 314; opinions on employment of, 98, 316, 317; Craig (ol., compared with Bielefeld, 98, 319; willing workers. 96, 205; medical treatment of, 97, 68; not sufficiently studied, 96, 445; advantage of spec. inst. for study, 96, 445, see also cures of. needs of, 03, 532; numbers of in N. Y., 94, 189; occupation and education as relief of, 97, 468; Powers, Dr., in London, on, 81, 325; prevention most important, 86, 298; progress of care of, 00, 'i; in Europe, 00, 80; Bielefeld, 00, 81; what makes a colony, 00, 81; large tract of land first, 00, 82; provision for, 94, 188; separate asylums for, 81, 330; 86, 301; special care of needed, 01, 190; state's duty to, 86, 298; state hospital opened, Kan., 04, 40; and the taxpayer, 94, 312; village for, established (Indiana), 05, 45; see also Feeble-Minded and Epileptic. Erring women's refuges, 86, 380. Ergasterion (Greece) manual labor school, 90, 97. Estates, distribution of, decedent's, 79, 40. Etta Margaret, district nursing, '02, 521. Ethical forces, development of, 95, 16. Ethical culture society, St. Louis, in social work, 98, 66. Ethics of reformatories, a code needed, 00, 223. Ethics, prison as a college of, 02, 323, 530. Ethicized charity, 05, 468. Europe, public charities in, 91, 167. Eviction cases, previous investigation of, by C. 0. S., 97, 423. Ewing, Catherine Fay and Co. orphans' homes in Ohio, 90, 209. Exappropriation of unsanitary houses, 95, 512. Exceeding appropriations, a misdemeanor in Minn., 99, 70. Exhibit of Char. and Corr. at Columbian Exposition, 92, 367, 370. Expectoration and tuberculosis, 99, 126. Experiments. nossibility of experts learning from, 98, xxv. in public service, some successful ones, 04, 138. Extermination of dependent children, 92, 197. Extravagant institution purchasing, instances, 95, 40. Extremes are true, not one or the other, but both, 01, 386. F. Fabiola, founder of first hospital, 99, 19. Fabret, Dr., and the f. m. in the Salpetriere, 93, 203. Fachschulen, German trade schools, 95, 201. Factory inspection, conscience of the community needed to reinforce, 03, 135; inspector sometimes servant of the corporation, 03, 136; use and abuse of, 03, 135; sweat shop inspection by Wednesday club, St. Louis, 00, 329. Factory Inspector Griffin, hero of the civic warfare against law-breaking. 03, 138. Fairchild's fool-school (f. m.), 88, 377. Fairchild. Char. S. on children in institutions, 88, 268. Families, breaking up of, when wrong, 88, 443; 01, 391; continued care of, 95, 87; instances of, 95, 89; 88, 129; made self-supporting, 87, 133. Family aid (secours a domicile), French, 90, 73. Family life of poor, 04, 532; and neighborhood resources, 04, 533; force, in charity work, 01, 377, 380; difficult application of, 01, 382. education, 85, 233; problems of, '01, 293; examples of, 01, 295; possible unused resources of, 01, 295; live saloon life by help of charity, 01, 296; stages of our helpful work, 01, 293; re-integrating of, 81, 166; unit, the, for charity work, 90, 377; Famine times in Ireland, 91, 315. Farm schools in Denmark, 04, 494. Farm colonies for the tramps, 99, 148. Farrell, Miss Elizabeth. and public school classes for f. m., 04, 398. Fassett, prison bill, N. Y., 91, 219, 221, 380, 382. Father, the, divine purpose of, 04, 527. Fatigue, chemical poison of, 97, 312. Faulk, John, of Dantzic, and his reformatory, 99, 321. Fawcett, Henry (M. P.), on pauperism, 80, 243; 90, 194, 195; 00, 136. Fay, Catharine (Ewing), and the Ohio system of child caring, 80, 181; 90, 208, 209; 91, 342: 05, 545; and the origin of the Ohio plan, 05, 545. Fay, Dr. Edward A., on marriages of the deaf, 06, 267. Fay, Frank B., on institutional life for children, 96, 335. Fear, sense of in inmates a measure of officials, 00, 20. Federal legislation for statistical purposes, 01, 114. Federation of Charitable Societies in Balto., 02, 57; 03, 57.

Page  131 1874 TO 1906 131 Federation of American Labor, on child labor, '04, 517; on colored workers, 04, 519; on teaching trades, 04, 517. FEEBLE-MIINDED, abandonment of by parents, 02, 157; able presentation of the problem, 04, 546; after-care committees for, 03, 531; application for admission, waiting lists, 04, 382; boarded, at public expense, in other states, 04, 553; as backward children, 00, 72; care of, 04, 549, 401; 00, 70; 04, 380; financial bearings of, 04, 407; camping out of, value of as education, 89, 316; care and training of, 87, 250; evolution of, 01, 186; care and treatment, 89, 98; care of by states, tables of, 97, 290; care of f. m. child, 89, 83, 312, 318; 04, 382; cases of, 92, 157; 04, 559; 88, 398, 399, 400; defective family, 04, 547; typical cases, 84, 249; "Sylvanus," 85, 176; "Tony" at Columbus, O., 88, 400; imbecile families in Maine, 04, 553; defectives do, 04, 553; of adult females, 02, 491, 494; see also Women f. m. causes and prevention, 97, 296; of four kinds, 01, 193; census of in Colo., attempt at, 02, 32; children in almshouses, 06, 38; classes for in public schools, 04, 381; 04. 390; reasons for, 06, 566; 03, 530, 533, 534; in Germany, 04, 391; England, 04, 393; U. S., 04, 394; are they mere dumping grounds? 04, 398; Phila., 04, 396; N. Y., 04, 397; classifications of, 01, 191; 92, 156; Dr. Ireland's, '01, 195; Dr. Kerlin's, 84, 248; three-fold grouping of, 00, 70; 92, 156; commission on inst. for, R. I., 06, 67; commitment of, to private or other inst. (Uolo.), 01, 43; conditions, present, to be dealt with, 03. 256; correlation of education, 87, 257; creation of wants in, the first step, 85, 175; cretins, 01. 197; criminals among, 04, 385; colony plan, 91, 103; 92, 155, 161; 03, 254. 527; farms in Ohio and Mass., 02, 487; Mass. experiment, 03. 257; materializing, 00, 71; future homes for the trained f. m., 03, 255; progress of in Ohio, 02, 90; 04, 547; custodial care of. 97. 294: 89, 318; class, 92, 156; adaptable to farm FEEBLE-MINDED —Continued. custodial care of-Continued. trg., 91, 105; female adults, see women f. m.; definition of f. m. and idiotic. 89, 319; see also Classification; of idiocy, 87, 250; of imbecile, 02, 491; development of treatment, 92, 163; discharged should be unsexed, 96, 444; early history of treatment in U. S., 87, 252; in Europe, 01, 188; eclampsic type, 01, 196; economy of care of, 90, 441, 444; education of, 85, 174; advantages of small schools for, 01, 197; beginnings of, 93, 202; 01, 188; camping out, value of in, 89, 316; disappointment of early teachers with results of, 92, 345; functions of a school for, 88, 101; Itard, the 1st teacher, 01, 187; generalizations on results of training, 04, 387; in public school, see classes in public schools. manual, 01, 189; manual training, 94, 179; new, and its better results, 92, 349; objects of, 88, 101; patience, need of in, 85, 178; physical training the basis, 87, 254; possibilities of the work, 94, 185; recent action in several states, 04, 389; training in Kentucky, 94, 310; school the center of the institution, 88, 105; its value and possibilities, 97, 293; Seguin the first teacher in U. S., 01, 187; see also Care and Training of; experimental period past, 92, 163; extraordinary memory of certain, 87, 256; evils of neglect of, 0h. 383; evolution of care of, 01, 186; forty years of effort with, 88, 106; fools' schools, 91, 103; happiness of, from labor, 94, 182; hydrocephalic cases, 01, 196; history of treatment of, 93, 203; the beginning in Minn., 92, 341; earliest beginning, 93, 202; early teachers, Itard, Seguin, &c., 01, 186, 187; evolution of, 01, 186; various st. sch., early, 93, 207; improvable classes of, 92, 158; institutions for, list of, 88, 106; 04, 381; in U. S., 97, 290; foreign, 97, 292; English schools, 82, 7; Darenth (Engd.), 87, 323; Ft. Wavne school, Ind., 94, 309; Calif., 85, 29; Iowa, 85, 47; Kentucky inst., 91. 310; new in Calif., 89, 312; in N. H., 01, 78, 02, 74, 04, 556; N. D., 04, 89; Ohio inst., 90, 441; in Neb., 04, 558; Penna. training schools, Elwyn, 06, 270; Polk, 06, 269, 271; efforts towards

Page  132 132 CUMULATIVE INDEX FEEBLE-MINDED —Continued. insts. for-Continued. in Maine, 04, 550; need of institutional care, 04, 549; Wisconsin, 96, 488; in juvenile reformatories, 04, 385; 04, 554; a nuisance, 04, 558; labor for upper grades, 02, 493; pay for to inmates, 06, 275; large institutions for tolerable, 92, 345; laws, re, Maine, 04, 403; marriage restrictions of, legal, 04, 491; microcephalic type, 01, 196; mingling with insane an evil, 04, 404; Mongolian type, 01, 195; moral imbeciles, instances of, 90, 444; overcrowding of, in Mass., 06, 38; parental right to detain at home, questioned, 06, 377; per capita cost, analysis of, 96, 217; permanent care of, needed, 06, 88; 90, 441; 87, 260; custodial care of, 96, 207; 89, 87; consensus of opinion on, 96, 208; statements re at previous conferences, 96, 209; method of, 96, 215; per capita cost, analysis of, 96, 217; task of, 96, 214; results of, possible, 96, 218; trustees to retain in Insts., 06, 33; play, advantages of, for, 02, 493; poor-house care of, 86, 424; provision for, 88, 99; public aid for, 89, 86; punishment, corporal, of, 06, 277; relief of homes by removing, 86, 422; resolutions of the American Association, 88, 395; return to outside life of, 89, 318; schools for deaf, f. m. in, 04, 554; self help, help of others and resulting happiness of, 94, 181; self support of. number capable of, 88, 103; possibilities of, for a large class, 92, 345; promise of in Ohio, 90, 441; separation of from imbeciles, 02, 492; from Ins., 04, 549; small schools for, 01, 197; social selection by custody, 99, 9; sterilization of, in Kansas, 03, 532; by unsexing the unfit, 01, 194, 198; term "Feeble Minded," 93, 213; terminology, 87, 251; see also Classification theory of the work for, 93, 211; usefulness of under proper control, 89, 321; women, cases of adult female imbecile. 02, 491, 494; custodial care of needed, 92, 341; extension of law to include, in Indiana, 00, 54; custodial asylums for, in N. Y., 91, 333; 92, 342; at Newark, N. Y., 95, 160; as mothers, (with cases), 95, FEEBLE-MINDED —Continued. women, cust. care of-Continued. 460, 461, 462, 465; evil men, (not f. m.) the fathers, 95, 463; protection of, 95, 160; Women's Clubs work of in establishing Schools, &c, 04, 557, see also Feeble Mindedness and F. M. and Epileptic. FEEBLE MINDEDNESS, can tendency to, be eradicated?, 96, 225; cases of imbecile families, 98, 301; child study, in, 99, 407; Connecticut laws, re, 98, 307; contagious disease, as, 04, 548; extravagance of states making no provision agst., 99, 408; epilepsy and, 98, 300; federal law, re never possible 98, 307; heredity of, effects of, 96, 487; history of 248 families, 96, 221; hereditary causes study of, 98, 299; illegitimacy and, 96, 223; illustrative cases of, 96, 223; imbecile cannot work in competition with normal, 98, 305; increase of, by known methods, should cease, 98, 308; inheritance of, 96, 219; instances of transmitted, 96, 221; legislation agst, marriage of defectives, (Conn.), 96, 487: prevention from moral and legal standpoint, 98, 296, 98, 304; permanent sequestration the only prevention, 98, 303; State care for life, simplest form of, 98, 306; relation to other defects, 96, 222; 03, 246; results of care unsatisfactory, 98, 295; in England, 98, 295; statistics accumulated, 96, 220; table of f. m. families, 96, 226; unfit has no individual right to reproduction, 98, 306. Feeble Minded Blind, The, 06, 259; economic loss by mingling them with normal, 06, 261; possibilities of, 06, 260. FEERLE-MINDED AND EPILEPTIC, 02, 152, adult female, retention of in Inst. (N. H.), 05, 67; appropriation for Inst. for in Oregon, 05, 78; bodily growth of, 99, 260; changes during growing period, 99, 269; child's right to good parentage 02, 156 classifications, scientific and working, 01, 410, 411; dealings with defectives and domestic animals, contrasted, 02, 163; development of functions, order of, 99, 262; experience has taught economy in management, 02, 153;

Page  133 1874 TO 1906 133 FEEBLE-MINDED AND EPILEPTIc-Cont'd. effects on child of play fellows &c, 01, 410; experiences in mingling the two classes, 06, 272; growth and arrested development, 99, 259; heredity and environment, with, 99, 272; home for in Michigan, 02, 63; immigrants as defectives, 02, 154; increase of, faster than of provision for, 02, 152; institutions for, in Washington, 05, 85; new in Pa., 06, 235, 269, 273; marriages of, 02, 155; laws, restrictive, needed, 02, 158; objections to, 02, 159; mental development of, 99, 263; needs of the two classes are similar, 06, 272; new states at work, 9.9, 255; numbers of in Penna., 06, 209; progress of their care, 99, 255; in Indiana in care of adult females, 01, 410; proportion of epi. also f. m., 06, 272; rules about removal of patients, 02, 157; versus the tax payer, 02, 161; White man's Burden the, 02, 162. Fee System, for benefit of officials, 94, 5; in Ala., 03, 27; in N. Y., 03, 485. Federal Prisons and prisoners, 86, 16, 107. Female criminals and vicious, control of, 82, 176; deficent classifications of, 82, 177; effects on, of men in same prison, 82, 179; female convicts dressed as men, an abuse, 82, 188; reformatory prisons needed for, 82, 181: short terms useless for, 82, 177; women officials essential and women managers best, 82, 182; prisons, 89, 46. Fernald, Dr. Walter C, and the colony for adult f. m., 03, 257; and the school for f. m. in N. HI, 04, 557; Ferona, Dr. on Habitual Criminals, 95, 232. Ferri, M. (Italy) on Conditions of Crime, 90, 247. Ferret, Dr. at the Bicetre, 93, 203. Fetter, Frank A. and working mens insurance, 03, 524. Field, David Dudley, on state's duties to children, 88, 132. Field Hospitals, 86, 366. Filangieri on penal jurisprudence, 81, 253. Final results the test of success, 85, 465. FINANCE CHARITABLE, 06, 196; budget of a char. activity, making the, 06, 206; preparation for, 06, 209; cooperation of public and private funds, 06, 569; corporate trusteeship, ethics of, 06, 200; definition of a budget, 06, 206; difference between commercial and char. finance, 06, 201; emergency plans and relief, 06, 207; infidel, the corporate, 06, 202; institution pathology, 06, 199; municipal aid to private char. 99, 375; race ideal of accountability, 06, 204; philanthropic balance sheet, 06, 199; responsibility of trustees, 06, 201, 203; search for new sources of revenue, 06, 231; stool pigeons on benevolent boards, 06, 202, trusteeship the functions of, 06, 197. raising funds for charity, 99, 376. Finances of charitable agencies, 99, 312; expert work helpful, 99, 313; good agent not often expert accountant, 99, 312; financial records often lacking, 99, 314; statements proper for annual report, 99 316; treasurer's duty and relations with officials, 99, 315. Financial history of the Newark, A. C., 06, 233. Fines, payment of on probation (Mass.), 05, 56. Finley, John H. on teaching sociology, 94, 72. Fire, Lynn, Mass 90, 36; The Hinckley (Minn.), 95, 492; relief in Baltimore, 04, 52; see also Relief in Emergencies &c. Fireman's Relief Committee, in Indianapolis, 91, 395. Home, supported in part by state, N. J., 00, 337. Pension Fund, Louisville, 02, 50. see also Pensions Municipal. First aid to injured instruction in, in N. Y., 83, 436; methods of instruction, 83, 439; Red Cross and, 83, 434; State Charities Aid promoting, 83, 437; synopsis of lectures given, 83, 438; training in of R. R. Employes 83, 436. Firvale Union Cottage homes, 05, 403. Fiscal management, the Kansas method of, 79. 18; supervision of State charities, N. Y., 02, 80, 06, 56. Fishermen of San Francisco Bay, 05, 383: Chinese, Greek and Roman, 05, 385; output of fisheries, 05, 385; Sicilian fisher folk, 05, 389.

Page  134 CUMULATIVE INDEX Fiske, John on modification of government to conditions 00, 108; on teachings of science, 03, 170. Fitch, Benjamin and Buffalo C. O. S., 93, 66: 96, 283. Fitch Institute, Buffalo, its varied work, 81, 194: Creche, the, 86, 176; 93, 66; 94, 336. Fletcher, Dr. W. B. and Management of Hosp. for Ins., 87, 38, 88,316,01, 361. Flechsig, Dr. on capacity of brain and nervous system, 01, 14. Fliedner. Pastor, Kaiserwerth and the Deaconesses, 90, 394. Florence Crittenden Home, 98, 50; 00, 297; in N. C. 05, 74. Flower, Gov. N. Y. and visiting institutions, 92, 326. Flynt, Josiah, scientific studies in scarlet, 01. 272. Fletcher. Horace and Kindergarten for the last waif, 02, 423. Folks Homer on neglected and dependent children 03, 294. on acting vs. talking, 04, 124. and organized charity in Cuba, 01, 106. and belief in honesty of public officials, 05, 402. as commissioner of charities N. Y., 02, 126, 241; 03, 84. Food, better, needed for poor, 02, 237; 04. 497. Food element dominant in standard of living, 06, 343. Fort Leavenworth, U. S. Penitentiary, 00, 68, 450. Fort Wayne, Ind., School for F. M., 94, 309. Fossilized iniquities of prison system, 86, 101. Foster, Elijah C., on increase of crime, 96, 275. Fouillee, M., on solidarity in society, 04, 182. Foundling Asylums in N. Y., see Children Dependent. care of 89, 1 Fournier, on syphilitic parentage, 05, 415. France, industrial education for women in, 84, 216; number of institutions for children &c, 84, 120, 278; state children in, 90, 192. Franke, (Germany) and industrial schools, 84, 208. Frankel, Lee K. in San Francisco, 06, 503. Fraternal organizations, increase of in Vt., 02, 99; value of, 96, 484. French system for the insane, 05, 425. Friends, care of orphans by in Alaska, 02, 28. Friends, Society of and the Insane, 01, 160. Friendly Inn, the, 85, 63, 476; 89, 242; see also Wayfarers Lodge. Societies in England, 85, 360. FRIENDLY VISITING, 87, 149; 91, 112; as a social force, 97, 199; better educative work done by official, 95, 528; benefit of cheerfulness and joy, 95, 530; chasm between rich and poor must be bridged, or will be widened, 95, 529; effects diffused, 97, 200; establishes human relations, 96, 257; experience of twenty years of flagrant failure, 95, 528; failure of conscientious work, rare, 87, 154; family of seven, case, 01, 398; home building and house building, 01, 402; illustrative cases of work, 06, 398; interest in the home life, 87, 153; misjudged by its errors, 95, 527; training other people, while training self, difficult, 96, 253. FRIENDLY VISITORS, 87, 132; 88, 127; Boston's corps, the result of 20 yrs. hard work, 01, 406; class for study of work, of, 92, 452; colored in Baltimore, 04, 53; education of the, 92, 445; good, are made and not born, 01, 405; ideals of, are catching, 92, 446; improving homes by, 92, 466; incident of a, 92, 469; how to begin as, 96, 262; first step costs, 96, 256; how to get and keep, 87, 156; mechanical and personal means, 87,. 156; work of the committee with, 87, 156; men as, 88, 414; 90, 376, 377; much to unlearn, 92, 447; must possess sympathy and tact, 96, 259, 261; opportunity of the, b,, 457; perseverance essential, 96, 261; secretary, general, must be a visitor, 87. 162; social study club of, 97, 201; sundry social efforts of, 97, 201; work of the, 89, 271. Froebel on play as normal activity, 01 22: Fry Elizabeth as pioneer prison reformer, 04, 143; and the Prison Congress 86, 106; 92, 332 Fuel funds, 93, 80. Fulmer, Harriet on influence of nurses, 05, 267. Fulton, Levi S. and first trades sch. in reformatory, 93, 146. Fund for the professional poor, abolished, in Ohio, 96, 83.

Page  135 1874 TO 1906 135 Funds, collection of, with aid from the city, 02, 389. Funds for charity methods of raising, 06, 213; appeal, methods of, 06, 214; newspaper appeals, 06, 219; mailing list 06, 219; Boston A. C. plan, 06, 217; business man's committee, 06, 218; collectors, salary or percentage, 06, 215, 225; qualifications of, 06, 224, 227; training school preparation of, 06, 227; director's part in raising, 06, 226; finance committee, backing of, 06, 220; federated appeals, 06, 221; Liverool and Denver plans, 06, 222; method of Jewish charities, 06, 222; paid administration and volunteer board, 06, 213; possibilities from small sums, 06, 227; see also Charitable Finance. G. Galician immigrants, 91, 391. Gallaudet, Dr. and language for the mutes, 92, 332. Gallipolis. O., Epileptic Colony, 00, 428; 01. 190, Galton, on possibility of improving race of a nation, 04t, 418. Garden work for girls, 97, 130. Gardening in school grounds, 99. 395. Gardner, Senator A., on immigration laws, 06, 302. Gardner, Mrs. Dunn, on organizing individual work, 01, 309. Garland, Atty-Gen. U. S. on federal prisoners, 86, 111. Garrett. Philip C., obituary, 06. 527. 559. on results of spoils system, 98, 245. Garrison, W. Lloyd, on restricting immigration, 98. 263; 96, 472. Gas trust ring and spoils system, 96. 379. Geary law, Chinese exclusion, 93. 439. Generalship. Moral, need of, 04/, 21. General welfare clause of U. S. Constitution, 01, 113. George, Henry, on the crime of poverty, 89, xxii. George Jr., plan in jail. 03, 489. George, Milton, and Ill. Ind. Schl. for Boys, 91, 147. German Assn. for Poor Relief &c., 95, 75. German, National Insurance, increasing relief rates. 05, 576: raises average standard of living, 05, 576. Germantown Relief Society the, 87, 346. German University teaching on insanity, French report on, 05, 427; list of schools of, 05, 427. 10-. I. Germany, wayfarer's lodges in, 86, 204; money lending in, 99, 307; insane &c in, 02, 173; schools, 02, 468; tuberculosis dispensaries in, 02, 223; visiting nursing in, 02, 202. Gerry, Elbridge T. on Catholic Protectory, 92, 352; 98, 364; and child labor laws, N. Y., 06, 157; on economy of caring for dependent children, 96, 334. Gewerbeschulen, German Industrial schools, 95, 201. Gheel and the Insane, 85, 137; 89, 283; 91, 66, 173; 00, 87, 98, 101, 400; 02, 509; good results attained at, 91, 179; legendary origin of, 01, 158; not adapted to the U. S., 93, 258; per capita cost at, 02, 197; a Southern, (U. S.) advisable, 91, 66. Gibbons, Mrs. Abby Hopper, obituary, 93, 91. Gibeonites, the moral imbeciles among the f. m., 90, 444. Giddings Prof. on mixed pop. of U. S., 06, 304, 312. Gilder, Richard Watson on kindergartens, 91, 129; 95, 232. Giles, H. H. obituary, 95, 484. Gillespie. Bishop Geo. D. on immigration, 92, 85. on institutionalizing children, 92, 201. Gilman, Bradley, on back to the soil, 06, 246. Girardin, Emile de, on failure of imprisonment, 97, 41. Girl, The delinquent, 06, 138; adolescence of, 06. 140, 143; effects of Ct. proceedings on, 06, 140; erroneous methods with, 06, 141, 142, 146; training school for, 06, 142. Girls. Delinquent domestic science for, 97. 128: industrial training for, 88. 235: 97, 127: laundry work as a fine art for. 97, 129: Industrial Schools for in Ill., 78, 192; in St. Louis, 84, 364: as messengers, 03, 517; insts. for, founded by Antoninus and M. Aurelius, 89, xx; reformatories for, 79, 178; eighteen, too young for discharge from, 79, 186: motherly methods in, 02, 422. Girls home culture club, (settlement), 96, 120: teaching to sew, (little girls), 87, 290. Gladden, Washington on test of charity, 96, 123. Gladstone and national righteousness, 98, 17. Gladstone, Miss Helen, and schools of philanthropy, 05, 437. Glenn John, on charity, 90, 59; obituary, 96, 485; on district nurses and social study, 05, 282.

Page  136 136 CUMULATIVE INDEX Gloucester, (England) prison system, 83, 122. Glymount Industrial Colony (D. of C.), 99, 52. Godding, Dr. and less display re the insane, 01, 164. God's arithmetic and man's, 98, 392. Goethe on the three reverences, 99, 1. Golden Rule, the, 01, 425; methods in reformatory, 00, 224: several editions of, 00, 1. Gompers, Prest on warfare agst. tuberculosis, 05, 461. Good Samaritan of the present day, 89, 40. Goodwill Home Assn. Maine, 04, 49; 96, 45. Gordon, Gen. John B. on cause of civil war, 03, 460. Goss, Dr. C. F. and philopolism, 99, 16. Goschen, Mr., on poor relief, 90, 78. Gould, Prof. E. R. L. on improved housing, paying, 00, 160; on most important thing in housing, 03, 353. Government by public opinion, 96, 12. Government Insurance, German, 05, 449. Governors of States as members of Bd. of Char., 92, 324; as members of the Nat. Conference, 93, 29. Grand Jury system defects of, 05, 550; abolition of, 05, 551. Grand Trunk R. R. of Canada and employes' insurance, 06, 459. Granger, Dr. W. D. on nervous diseases and insanity, 91, 174. Gray friars monastery, 99, 21. Great Britain certified (reform) schools in, 84, 209; list of industries taught in, 84, 210. Great Britain insane hosp. in, 85, 143. Greece, out door relief in, 90, 94; population of, 90, 95; reverence for insane in ancient. 01, 156, 186. Greek fishermen in Calif., 05, 387. Greely, Horace, and the Tribune, 91, 26. Green, Andrew H., on care of juv. delinquents, 06, 114. Gregory of Naziansus on hospitals, 99, 19. Grenier, L. (Paris) on alcoholism in heredity, 96, 553. Griffin, Factory Inspector, hero of warfare agst. law breaking, 03, 138. Growth of cities as cause of crime, 85, 240. Guardian Societies for the Insane, 99, 204. Guggenbuhl, Dr. and work for cretins, 93, 204. Guilds, nursing &c, 94, 98. Guilt, degrees of in homicides, 97, 32. Guizot on appearance of great men, 98, 436; on history of civilization, 95, 276. Gunckle, Mr. and newsboys' organization in Toledo, 05, 165. Gundry, Dr. Richard, obituary, 91, 253; and the insane, 86, 34, 272. Guy's Hospital origin of, 99, 21. Gymnastics for the blind, 96, 89. Gypsies American, 80, 123. H. Habit, necessity of, to progress, 96, 384. Habitual criminals law in operation, 89, 49, 301; repealed in Ohio, 02, 89. Haeckel, Ernst, on value of human nature, 05, 13. Haggard, Rider, on Salvation Army Colonies, 06, 511. Hakluyt, Richard (1584), on industrial dispersion, 78, 154. Hale, Chief Justice, on Industrial Schools, 84, 207. Half-devil and half-beast, (effects of jail sentences on negro boys), 01, 39. Hall, Dr. Marshall on epilepsy, 94, 188. Hall, G. Stanley on child nature, 96, 455; on improvement of children and of neighborhoods, 04, 360. Halley and statistics, 94, 88. Hallock on cultivation of nervous system, 99, 264. Hake, Oscar, the case of, 98, 266. Hamlin, Cyrus, missionary to Turkey, 02, 272. Hampton, Institute Va.-report of, 85, 86. Handwork in Europe, 97, 246. Handworkers opinion of Christians, 90, 21. Hard times in Utah, relief methods, 94, 256. Hardwicke Reformatory, England, 90, 200. Hartford Conn. Model Statistics of Outdoor Relief, 94, 112. Harvard and charity movements, 02, 395. Hart, HE. H. on cooperation of child saving agencies, 04, 367; on migration of paupers, 98, 81, 87. as secretary of the Minn. board, 00, 184. Hartley, Richd. M., against parks in N. Y. 02, 477. Hatch, H. F. on choice of subordinates, 00, 198. Haskins, Jessie and crippled children in Minn.. 04, 285. Hayes, Ex Prest. and the Prison Association, 02, 7. Harris, Wm. T. on Kindergartens, 91, 129. Harrison. Benj., and Alaska as a territory, 01, 423. Harvard University and Social teaching, 91, 159. Harrison, President, and Indian schools, 92, 65.

Page  137 1874 TO 1906 137 Harrison's, Lunacy Laws of the United States, 92, 96. Health, Public, new laws of Mass., 06, 36; reform in Philadelphia, 06, 63; and pauperism relations of, 79, 28; boards, beginning of, 79, 26. Heath, Judge, on hanging as the best way with criminals, 88, 209. Hebrew charities in middle ages, 83, 323; charity and justice synonymous, 83, 324; almsgiving a general obligation, 83, 332; bridal charities, 83, 330; charity regarded as payment of a debt, 83, 324; educational charity, 83, 327; Holy brotherhood, burial society for strangers, 83, 328; poor not a distinct class, 83, 325; practical humanity exercised, 83, 334. Hebrews, not found in reform schools nor poor houses, 92, 358; of Russia, and atrocities, 91, 369. Hellenic Philanthropic Benevolent Society, 05, 388. Helmholtz, an epileptic and hydrocephalic, 99, 258. Helps, Arthur, on organization of charity, 80, 122. Henderson, Prof. Charles R., on ethical grounds for relief, 04, 184; on support of religious insts. by nonbelievers, 01, 129; on State as organ of all its members, 04, 183, 184. Henry Watson Children's Aid Society, 85, 54. Henry St. Nurses Settlement, N. Y. 05, 673. Herbert, George, all griefs lighter with bread, 97, 465. Hereditary, causes of imbecility, 95, 467; criminality, statistical study of, 95, 134; imbecility, law regulating marriage in Conn., 95, 467. HEREDITY; of crime, 75, 78; in families, 03, 539; and environment, 04, 414; a stimulus to us, 03, 567; improvement of a bad H. the work of the Conference, 03, 539; in vice, instances of, 85, 482. mightiest social force, 06, 280; of drink habit, 97, 455; of pauperism, 75, 80; only racial traits certainly hereditary, 99, 409; poorly understood and greatly overworked, 04, 413; Herschel, Sir John on statistics, 94, 88. High license, local option law in Vt., 03, 102. Hill, Miss Florence Davenport, and defective children, 90, 191, 195, 197; 94, 128. Hill, Miss Joanna and workhouse children, 97, 101. Hill, Miss Octavia and housing reform, 85, 371; 92, 332; 02, 352, 353; 96, 248; and the individual, 86, 185. Hill of prosperity, allegory (Mrs. Lowell), 90, 86. Hinckley Fire, The, 95, 492. Hippocrates, on insanity as of the brain, 01, 156. Hirsch, Rabbi on qualifications of a secretary, 02, 333. Hirt, Dro Ludwig on nervous diseases, 94, 188. History of vagrants and vagrancy, 89, 37. History of C. O. S., of Child saving, of Reformatory work &c, see vol. for 1893. Hobson, John A., on Booth's Class B. 02, 309. Hodge, Dr. H. Lenox, obituary, 93, 90. Hoffman, F. L. and criticism of govt. insurance, 03, 523. Hogarth and foundling hospitals, 99, 20. Holland, dealing with paupers in, 91, 315. Holmes, Dr. O. W. and the doctor in time, 86, 207. HOME an ignored agency for elevation of mankind, 92, 469; of industry for discharged prisoners, Detroit, 88, 343, library plan, 92, 466. placing of children, 00, 237; classes of children, 00, 237; cheap help demanded, 10, 239; methods of, five good rules, 00, 242; see Children, placing out. HOMES for aged and decrepit miners, (Utah), 04, 101; for aged men needed, (Conn.), 03, 36; for aged poor, 85, 352; for army nurses, 95, 458; for children, 85, 302, 33; temporary in Conn., 85, 34; reformatory children, for, 84, 36; of hope, C. J. Lewis's name for a prison, 04, 584; for Soldiers and Sailors, 95, 310; 95, 303; pensions and, 95, 303; drink evil in the, 95, 308; statistical information on, 95, 314; for Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans, 01, 30; of vice, should be broken up, 91, 32; for workingmen, better, 85, 365; model tenements, 85, 370; rehabilitation of old houses, 85, 371; work in different cities, 85, 373; see Housing. Homer, on children of the state, 78, 176; on woes of the lunatic, 01, 156. Honor offices, in Germany, 05, 433. Hope Hall, for ex-prisoners, 04, 679. Hope, spirit of, 89, xvi. Hopkins Ellice, and the good Samaritan, 85, 342.

Page  138 CUMULATIVE INDEX HOSPITAL care for factory operatives, 03, 572; cleanliness 91, 53; bathing methods essential, 91, 56; accident wards evils of dirt in, 91, 57; diseases, infectious, separation of, 91, 54; dust chutes, a menace to, 91, 60; hot iron as a sterilizer, 91, 58; germ pure, difficulty of keeping, 91, 60; personal cleanliness of patients, most important, 91, 61; construction, principles of, 77, 36; endowed vs. municipal, 88, 174; the Cincinnati, 78, 46; dietary scales of, 03, 573; field, Drucker, design, 86, 566; floating a, (N. Y.), 95, 269; GENERAL; relation to profession, 90, 156; mission of, 90, 157; instruction of students, 90, 158; training of nurses in, 90, 159; need of paid department heads, 90, 160; general management of 90, 163; discipline of, 90, 165; economy in good food, 90, 166; internes of, 90, 167; selection of trustees for, 90, 169; visitors, chance, an evil, 90, 168, 169; government in N. Y. separate dept. of Trustees, 01, 82; municipal, 88, 71; location and construction, 88, 178; St. Paul, city hosp. described, 88, 180; syphilitics for, 89, 57; treatment, advantages of, 90, 169; of poor, 88, 16; see also Hospitals. Hospitalism, evil of, 91, 53; prevention of, 86, 242. HOSPITALS, for the sick, 86, 237; 90, 155; buildings for, 78, 131, 134; pavilion plan, 78, 135, 137; cost of, 78, 139; for children, 77, 68; army, in Paris, new, 78, 136; civil, arguments for and against, 78, 132; construction and management, 86, 237; ample area, 86, 239; detached bldgs, 86, 239; circular pavilions, 86, 240; furniture, 86, 243; heating and ventilating, 86, 246; nurses' rooms, 86, 245; pavilion plan preferred, 86, 239; for contagious diseases need of, 06, 175, 176; fatalities in, 06, 178; locations of in N. Y., 06, 179; comparison of public and private, 06, 181; death rate in old hospitals, 78, 134; in army hospitals, 78, 135; filled with chronics, absurd, 86, 347; general, Mayor's commission on, N. Y., 06, 52; charity and semicharity 05, 194; cooperative hospitals, 05, 195; HoSPITATLS-Continued. dollar-a-day-hotel for the sick, 05, 196; construction and plans for, 90, 174; methods in Cuba, 06, 78; small cottage plan, 90, 173; 78, 139; ventilation of, 90, 170; growing interest in noted, 90, 155; Johns Hopkins, 78, 137, 139; Lariboisiere the (Paris), 78, 135; for miners, W. Va., 99, 106; public of Brooklyn, N. Y., 90, 177; list of, 90, 187; of St. Paul, Minn., 87, 263; and Relief Societies cooperation of, 05, 228; benevolent despots plan, 05, 229; difficulties in the way, 05, 232; objects to be obtained for the sick poor, 05, 230; sectarian, 90, 183. Hotel Dieu, Paris, and overcrowding, 91, 53. HOUSE cleaning, sanitary value of, 06, 530; of correction, school in, in Vt., 84, 57; of detention for children in Washington, D. C., 03, 491; of Good Shepherd methods of, 84, 161; in Denver, 89, 218; obsession, relic of the caveman, 05, 252; of the People, Brussels, cooperative commonwealth, 05, 460; of Refuge name changed, Md., 06, 33; Randalls Island N. Y. sketch of, 90, 365, 89, 245. Housekeeper, visiting, of the C. 0. S., 06, 533. Housekeeping, classes in, 95, 107. Houses, reconstruction of old, in Philada, 06, 374. HOUSING; conditions in Philadeylphia, 06, 367; improved in N. Y. City, 96, 76; problem, forestalling in smaller cities, 02, 290; to get together on, 02, 474; negro's one room cabin better than a tenement, 02, 474; windowless cabins in South, 02, 474; surviving instinct of the cave dweller, 02, 474; dwellings of poor in smaller cities, 00, 159; improved housing will pay, 00, 160; experiments in Leeds (England), 00, 160; facts in N. E. mnfg. towns, 00, 161; tenements in older cities, 00, 162; one-floor tenements, 00, 163; tenements in rural districts, 00, 166; reform in Chicago, 02, 343; city homes association, 02, 343; careful investigation made, 02, 344; possibilities of reform in Chicago, 02, 348;

Page  139 1874 TO 1906 139 HOUSING-Continued. reform in Boston, 02 355; cooperative building Co, 02, 357; business side and philanthropic side, 02, 357; dumb bell tenements the worst, 02, 358; reform in New York, 02, 349; 01, 83; Veiller's plan theoretically perfect practically impossible, 02, 349; now substantially part of city govt., 02, 349; tenement houses, city and suburban homes Co. N. Y., 02, 353; de Forest on tenement evils in small cities, 02, 350; management of, 02, 351; good management pays, 02, 352; Octavia Hill's method in London, 04, 352; Miss Hill's method copied in U. S., 02, 353; work for women in, 02, 354; improved tenement house corporation, R. I., 01, 91; methods in Kansas City, 02, 484; problem in Cincinnati, 03, 352; characteristic faults, 03, 353; obsolete building ordinances, 03, 357; sanitary defects, 03, 353. product of a tenement house, 02, 478; Howard John and growth of social conscience, 06, 468; and jail methods, 04, 362; his work and its effects, 85, 387; and exposure of prison misery, 98, 219. Howard, Bryant, and insts. for children, 88, 295. Howe, Dr. S. G. and Florence Nightingale, 02, 535; on right of insane to liberty, 80, 172; on schools for feeble minded, 86, 149; 88, 107, 112, 116; 92, 332, 345; 93, 205, 209; 00, 72. Howe Phineas and homes for soldiers, 96, 281. Howling Wolf and Boston culture, 92, 46. Howells, W. D., method of giving, 99, 281. Hoyt, Dr. Chas. D., and non-resident dependents, 98, 278; as secretary of N. Y. St. Bd. of Char., 99, 353; and law, creating St. Bd. of Char., 92, 14; obituary, 99, 351; accomplished work of, 03, 377. Hughes, Archbishop, founder of Catholic protectory, N. Y., 92, 352. Hugo, Victor on poverty crucible of destiny, 95, 131; on vagrancy of childhood, 86, 138; 91, 6; 97. 127; 00, 243; and making reformatory work necessary, 05, 293. Huguenots as immigrants, 88, 431, 434. Hull House Chicago, 96, 112; 95, 342; 96, 122, 132, 133, 389, 402; and the labor movement, 94, 317; 97, 340, 473, 475; as social laboratory, 94, 313; and district nursing, 94, 341. Human abuse, near blasphemy, 03, 16; commodity, value of, 03, 15; sacrifices, 06, 12; sciences, importance of, 01, 354. Humanity and wise economy go together, 86, 26; signs of new era in, 99, 17. Hunger is physical but its remote cause psychical, 01, 381. Hunt, E. M., on tramping in N. J., 92, 81. Huntington, C. P., and the Va. Reformatory, 99, 412. Hunter, Robert, on number of paupers in U. S., 06, 328. Huntington, Father on tenement house poor, 90, 60. Hurry, Dr. Jameson B. benefit association plan of nursing, 05, 362. Huxley Thomas, on fitting to survive, 04, 414; and the cabman, 94, 21; on charity which blesses neither giver nor receiver, 05, 467. Hygiene, classes for teaching (settlement), 05, 272.

Page  140 I

Page  141 THE CUMULATIVE INDEX OF 33 VOLUMES 1874 TO 1906 INCLUSIVE PART 3-TOPICAL INDEX, I TO O For author's names and titles of papers, see Part 1, (alphabetical finding list.) For explanation of abbreviations see p, 103, Part 2. Note in reference to pages. The year in Italics, the page in Roman, thus 06, 225, 299, signifies pages 225, and 229, in the volume for 1906. I. Ideal in life, working for, 96, 116. Ideal, the Christian, 00, 11. Idiocy, statistics of, 10th Census tables, 84, 416, 423. IDIOTIC AND FEEBLE MINDED CHILDREN care of 89, 83; classes of, 89, 84; degrees and grades of, 84, 248; Dr. Howe on, 84, 267; insts. for, description of (Kerlin) 84, 258; (Doren) 84, 367; advantages of large, 84, 262; numbers and distribution of, 84, 246; obligation of society, to, 84, 253, 264; provision for, 84, 246; self support of, under care, 84, 261, 367; state a partner in causes of, 84. 271; susceptibility to improvement of, 841. 251; Idiotic hand, an, training of, 95, 155; Idiot or insane, sale of liquor to, a misdemeanor in Utah, 01, 94; IDIOTS, care of needed, 78, 172; proportion of useful workers among, 78, 173; colony care of, 91, 107; well being and happiness promoted by, 91, 107; economy of, 91, 107; large numbers together for good classification, 91, 108; custodial care of, 91, 98; comparison of degree of care of idiotic and insane 91, 98, 99; number needing permanent care, 91, 99; reference to former reports, 91, 100; why a separate institution for, 91, 102; provision for, 85, 158; in Mass. 85, 158,; in N. Y. 85, 160; Penna. 85, 162; Ohio, 85, 163; Conn. 85, 164; Ky. 85, 165; Ill. 85, 166; Ia. 85, 167; Minn., Ind. 85, 168; Kan., Calif., Neb. 85, 169; reasons for 85, 174; school for, 77, 67; state support of, in private homes, Ky., 84, 367; see also Imbecile, and Feeble Minded. Idleness, main cause of delinquency, 88, 221. Idolatry, 06, 12. Ignorant giving is cruelty, 96, 252. Ignorance and brutality are sisters, 99, 23. Illegitimacy, prevention of, 85, 461. Illiteracy, not the parent of crime, 86, 15. Illiteracy of criminal class statistics of, 84, 229. Illiterates in reformatory, Ind. 04, 279. Imagination, faculty needed by reformers, 95, 102. IMBECILE, colony care and cost, value of labor of, 91, 331; work of pupils in Indiana school for, 91, 232; development of character in caretakers of, 94, 178; education and custody of, 94, 168; definition of 94, 171; historical view of, 94, 169; modern conditions of, 94, 170; hereditary causes, 94, 177; why prolong life of? 94, 171; moral, the, 90, 244; description of, 90, 245; change of opinion about, 90, 245; Italian scientists on, 90, 246; many criminals as, 90, 248; proportion of, under care, compared with insane, 98, 493; number trained to self support, 98, 494; control through life needed, 98, 494; laws to restrict marriage of, usually failures, 98, 494; provision for, 86, 288; list and description of insts. for, 86, 288; observations on, 86, 295. see also Idiots and Feeble Minded. IMMIGRANTS distribution of, 05, 553; cure of congestion by, 05, 554; selection on other shore, 05, 562; in hosps. for ins. 05, 563; not wanted in Calif. 05, 567; methods of reception in N. Y. 75, 23; lunatic asylums for, 75, 25; hospitals refuge and schools for, 75, 25; paupers and insane as, 85, 471; in Wis. 91, 386; improper returned, with case 91, 385.

Page  142 142 CUMULATIVE INDEX. IMMIItaThff as a source of pauperism, insanity and crime, 88, 19 assisted from Ireland and Switzerland, 95, 487; boards of, in various states, 92, 295; decrease of, 95, 246; defectives, I, of, 86, 410; of etimiaals, 86, 413; of strong and weak together, 86, 414; efforts of St. Bds. re, 87, 98; ethnic factors in, 6, 304; every admission an exclusion. 0a 282; evil of, to American scool children, 88, 428; exclusion of undesirables, 76, 167; federal agents for, advised, 90 371; history of, 93, 106; charts; 9, 124 -130; contract labor, 9~, 116; federal supervision, 93, 114; immigration acts, 93, 116, 117; local supervision, 93, 110; removal of alien paupers, 93, 113; statistics, 93, 107; law of 1882, 82, xxviii.; effects of in Penna. 83, 41; laws, how made effective, 06, 290; legislation suggested, re, 76, 162, 170; legislation, U. S., re 96, 302; doubtful advantages of educational test, 96, 303; no obligation to support alien paupers and insane, 96, 304; alien convicts should be deported, 96, 305; authorities on international law, re deportation of undesirable aliens, 96, 306; naturalization laws, and, 75, 94; new, features and remedies, 06, 285; naturalization frauds, 06, 296, 298; physical deterioration by, 06, 305; pipe line I. 06, 322; pauper I, 06, 293; quality of recent I. 06, 592; not an unmixed blessing, 76, 168; objects and objections, 99, 158; race feeling among early settlers, 99, 159; difference between classes of I. 99, 159; questions of naturalization, 99, 160; opinions on, 92, 80; opinions on restriction, 92, 85; Poles in Buffalo, 87, 305; in Chicago, 07, 506; race effects in, 06, 214; effects permament, 06, 283,. 289, 323; racial composition of nations, 06, 304; race exclusion a question of difference, not inferiority, 06, 284; remedy for defects in system, 87. 206; criticism of statistics, 87, 207; assisted evicted Irish tenants, 87, 209; report on, 75, 85; reasons for, 75, 85; decline in, in 1874, 75, 85; probabilities of, 75, 87; English and Scotch, 75, 89; Mennonites in Kan., 75, 91; regulation of traffic needed, 75, 93; head tax, 75, 94, 76, 103; dependents and criminals, 75, 96; assisted from Ireland, 75, 90. 91: IMMrtAll irN report on, 81, 217; burden of on N. Y. city, 81, 218; i, as constitutional paupers, 81, 219; insane, 81, 219; systematic deportation of criminals and paupers from Europe, 81, 220, 223; state tax on I. unconstitutional, 81, 221; Chinese immigration bill vetoed, 81, 224; report on, 85, 407; arrivals 85, 407; report on, 90, 279; effects of, on commuirty, 90, 281; beginning of restrictive legislation, 90, 282; comrison of pauper statistics in Mass, 9, 285; comparison of insane, 99, 286; higher per cap. tax proposed, 90, 290; report on, 91, 187; restriction argued, 91, 187; restriction of, 91, 197; "dumping ground of Europe'", a catch phrase, 91, 198; st. bd. woic of inspection, 91, 201; report on, and papers, discussions, ee. 06, 279; American interests paramount, 06, 282; American birth rate affected, 06, 306, 307, 319, 320; attitude of restrictionists, 06, 280; Baltic stock, 06, 217; charts on racial stocks, 06, 626; character of U. S. population in 1790, 06, 316; change in national type by, 06, 308; changing character of recent I. 06, 318; contract labor law violations, 06, 207; distribution of I. in U. S., 06, 297; distribution of races in Europe, 06, 313, 315; difficulty of administrating I. laws, 06, 292, 301; fallacy of U. S. racial purity, 06, 304; forced, voluntary and excluded, I. 06, 314; head tax, 06, 294, 302, 593; elimination of the unfit, 06, 314; effects of I. on the racial character, 06, 282; restriction of, 05, 556, three points of view, 05, 558; trades union pt. of view 05, 558; amount of I. over estimated, 05, 561; the real native born (Indians and buffaloes), 05, 562; Bohemian and Polish citizens in Chicago, 05, 564; restriction suggested, 06. 290, it is inevitable, 06, 281; regulation of ocean voyage needed, 06, 598; selection by class, not by race, 06, 284, 300; stimulated and assisted, I. 06, 290, 291; restrictive policy, opinions on, 98, 263; selection of, necessary, 88, 426; supervision of, as a check on pauperism, 76, 166; treaties re. need of, 76, 169; undesirable 91, 386; to the U. S. 88, 185; cost of 1,000 undesirables 88. 185; decrease at Balto. 88, 186; facts and prejudices 88, 187; industrial race value, 88, 188; repeal of contract labor law advocated, 88, 190;

Page  143 )ff4 ft me14 M Immigration and eIwe~ N, 30?;MJI il envai uw,9 397; sta4i euoee of con$arl' UW~om.parable figures, NW, US;-, comparison of total males of miltia ~,96, 310; table of comparisons,;8, 311; ration en Ainal analysis favora~I. to immigrants, 96, 313. Immigmatioxi and Insanity, K9 2ft Immigration an4 Interstate ulievation, 98, 269 difficultyr oil excluding the aliens., 467; America is for the worK, 96, 469; Michigan law aget. transporting dcp clh. 96; 470;. removals in Mans, Pk, 470; Wis. largest proportion of foreign born and smallest of crime, 96, 473; migration of pauper families, 96, 474. Immigration and Industrial Saturation, 05,.363; arguments against ii. 05, 363; from economic point 05, 363; criticism of legislation, 05, 364; proportion debarred admission, 05, 36.5; racial admixture, 05, 367; fallacies of, 05, 368; injurious effects on la, bor, 05, 370; what will be the point of saturation, 05, 373; good effects of high wages, 05,' 375. Improved dwellings Co. Brooklyn, report on 85, 377; report on work in N. Y. 85, 379; in Boston, 85, 380. Improvidence and its remedies, 81, 163; charity instead of out-door relief, 81, 165; re-integration of the family, 81, 167; obedience to natural laws, 81, 167. Incorrigibles, law a dead letter in Conn. 93, 302. Incorrigibles, see "Juvenile Delinquents." Incorrigibility of society, 92, 333. Indefinite sentence the, 86, 94. INDETERMINATE SENTENCE: address on, 97, 46; origin of definite sentences, 97, 46; impossible to make punishment fit crime, 97, 47; new theories of impriso nment, 97, 50; approval of 83, 186; commission to study, Md. 06, 34; constitutional amendment needed in Mich. 02, 60; dangers of, 81, 189; definition of, 87, 339; at Elmira 87, 341; laws for, Colo. 99, 43; Conn. 02, 32; Kan. 03, 52; IlL. 96, 35; in Michigan, experiences with 03, 585; popular vote on amendment carried, 03, 64; law enacted, 04, 59 in Oregon, 05, 77; necessity of, 82, 189; who shall determine discharges, 82, 190; unequal and incongruous sentences, 82, 191; intent the essence of crime, 82, 192; character the quintessence of crime, 82, 192; deterrent effect of I. s. 82, 193; value of as motive for reform,!uw~vm& r3MM~EN: 82X 198; wse sbn Refum'Sedoe.; ReOuss..af, -an p'ia" pet" INDIAN: citizenship, 92, 34 tleaties, 9;% 3.3 reirervation system, 92, 35; eftecation, 99, 39; relation to pubioqidems. 92, 41; the oiqtlook, 92, 42; education of, 87, 184;, ejue*tliape coddling, 87 185;- metked* adapte4 t condtions, 'V7, 185; education of the, 92, TO; kind required, 2 7;vleof enlistment in army-, ~2781; Ty owesi of property, 92, 73; encouragement of native manufactures, 929, 74; policy, 99, 23; and crime and pauperIism, $2, ~3; wilful poverty, 90, 26; treaties with the seeds of destruction, 92, 27; docility under educationa, 92, 28; follies of our policy, 92, 29; policy, 92, 47; Washington's 92, 47; circulation of rnoneV theosy, 92, 49; public school system, 94, 53; ]preparation for citizenship, 92, 59; numbers of 92, 59; agency system, 93, 61; courts for Indian offenses, 9g, 63; I. as varied as whites, 92, 65; education the key 92, 65; race, our duty to, 87, 108;' assimilation of, 87, 166; territory, changes in, 90, 318; desire for an Indian state,.91, 28; population of, 88, 318; tribal gov't. in, for Indians only, 02, 47; tribes, unification of, 88, 324; INDIANS: advantages of mingling with whites, 92, 45; contact the best education, 92, 45; pretense of anxiety to civilize, 92, 47; Washington's theory of commerce with, 92, 47; allotment of land to, 87, 172, 181; line between white and red men's country, 87, 173; tribes of, 87, 174; race ethnologically old, 87, 174; saffinity of languages, 87, 175; Omahas, 87. 175; tribal organization, 87, 175; life among Indians, 87, 179; broken faith with I. 87, 180; at Hampton, 92, 388; Mission, of Calif. 87, 187; expulsiog of Jesuits from Calif. 87, 187; Spanish colonization pIan, 87, 188; century of dishonor, 87", 187; of Michigan and Wisconsin, 92, 389; of Paraguay, 92, 390. Indian's views of his difficulties, 92, 66. Indiana, no. of inmates of st. insts, 08, 48. Indianapolis, Benevolent Society, 93, 99; charities of, 88, 99. o Indifference of the public, 86, 318, 326.

Page  144 144 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Indiscriminate giving the cheapest and meanest charity, 01, 328. Individual, the development of, 00, 265; the purpose of organization, 00, 266; illustrative cases of 00, 268. Individual treatment of applying punishment, 81, 255. Individual work in pub. char., 04, 154. Individuality in charity, 86, 185. Indoor relief and custody 04, 113. Indoor and outdoor relief public and private, history of, 93, 94. INDUSTRIAL agencies of relief, ethical value of, 04, 537; not charity but justice needed, 04, 537; as productive of character, 04, 538; as preventive measure, 04, 538; as training, 04, 544, 545; a city without them, 04, 539; value and danger of, 04, 540; normal market work, preferred, 04, 541; interference of, with labor market, 04, 541; misuse of, 04, 543; agencies, value of, 04, 233; not a mere work test, 04, 234; negative value of, 04, 235; utilization of power of self help, 04, 236; substitute for material relief, 04, 238; charity as an educational force, 04, 239; Brooklyn wood yard, 04, 242; work room for women, 04, 243; laundry training school, 04, 243; take the sting out of charity, 04, 244; aid society, Boston, 81, 122; and reformatory insts. 99, 336; large farm needed, 99, 337; plenty of recreation a good thing, 99, 338; art in schools, 84, 211; camp for workhouse prisoners, Mass. 99, 65; education, 87, 298; 99, 394; association in New York, 84, 221 and the negro in Ala. 00, 293; in reform schools, 84, 17; home for poor, new name for almshouse, 97, 413; home for girls, 77, 68; Revolution, the, by Arnold Toynbee, 96, 107; school for girls, Maine, a St. inst. 99, 62; school of Neb. name changed from Ref. Sch. 01, 75; schools, N. Y. 77, 66; training, details of, in Ref. Sch. 88, 379; object of labor instructive, not productive, 88, 381; training for boys, 06, 145; for girls, methods of, 85, 219; Wilson ind. sch. for girls, N. Y. 85, 220; for girls, 88, 235; prosaic vs. poetic side of work. 88, 235; in juv. ref. 84, 17; 88, 229; best trades for, 88, 233; in Europe and America, 84, 207, 220; INDUSTRIAL TRAINING in protectory, N. Y., 88, 219; shoemaking the first industry, 88, 221; its value, 86, 393; school for boys, Ill, rural sch. 91, 145; See also Juvenile Reformatories, and Trade Schools. Industrialism, brutality in, 99, 413. Industries that need cheap labor, 88, 427. Inebriates, home for, pri. inst. N. Y., 02, 81; as defectives, 84, 257; Ontario society for, 06, 76; sent to hosp. for ins. Ia. 03, 51; error of, 03, 51; segregation of in Kansas, 03, 528; St. hosp. for, Ia. 04, 38. Inebriety, disease or vice, 76, 67; treatment for in penal insts. 98, 105. Infant asylum death rate, reduction of, 98, 443. Infant mortality in Mass, 80, xli, 260, relief of, by placing out, 80, 260. Infants, criminal responsibility of, 04, 362. Infants, licenses for bdg, Balto, 06,32. Infants, motherless, St. care of, 82, 57. Infirmary, the Cincinnati, 78, 48. Inner Mission, The German, 95, 72; its activities, 95, 74; takes communal out-door relief for granted, 95, 77; lessons from, for American chh. charity, 95, 77. Inquiry, careful, as basis of constructive efforts, 04, 5. INSANE. AFTER-CARE: 97, 460, 98, 285; in N. Y. 06, 54; associations, in London, and France, 05, 340; in other European countries 05, 341; assistance of patients family, 99, 222; convalescents, care of needed, 90, 258; convalescents' destitude, aid for, 97, 76; 05, 339; examples of need, 97, 465; illustrative cases, 97, 82; 05, 341; de-institutionizing process, needed for discharged patients, 97, 464; guardian societies for care of I. before, during and after confinement, 99, 204; 98, 458; progress in Switzerland 99, 208; prejudices against the I. 99, 211; work of society while patient is in hospital, 99, 220; convalescents' homes, 99, 225; conclusions, 99, 226; Hull House, Chicago, and after-care, 05, 343; initiation of, with superintendent, 99, 205; methods of organization, 99, 206; object of, 05, 339; principles of, 97, 77; results of in France, 97, 80; suggestion of, 80, 98.

Page  145 1874 to 1906. 145 INSANE. ALMSHOUSES, I. in. 76, 37; in Mass. 82, 103; in Ohio, 82, 105; in Ill. 82, 106, 107, 108; asylums, 96, 180; care, results of, 77, 14; good care, in some, 80, 97; evils of paupers and I. together, 84, 60; forbidden to place I. and epi. in almshouse, in Ohio, 98, 83; vs. asylums for I. 74, 6. American Assn. of Supts. for I. 76, 81; 91, 78; formulas of, 85, 94; rules of, 77, 145; code of treatment of, 76, 81; theories on site and buildings of, see Buildings for Insane. Ancient terms for I. demon, devil-possessed, witch, etc., 01, 156. Average duration of life of, 77, 3. BOARDING OUT: advised, 80, 169; benefit of, 89, 278; care by in Mass. 00, 101; cases in Mass. table of, 00, 103; experiences of in Mass. 89, 279; family care, (boarding) in Mass. 86, 321; law for (1885) 86, 321; chronies, boarding out of, 79, 55; family care and village care, 02, 509; plan for, and its safeguards, 90, 273; places for, and rates of, 90, 428; not adaptable to the J. S., 02, 173; Scotch system of, 02, 191; system in Mass. resembles Gheel, 00, 101; selection of cases and places for, 86, 364; relative cost of boarding out and asylum care, 02, 197; Sanborn, Frank B., on boarding out in Mass, 86, 321; 02, 193. Brigham, Dr., at Utica, (1843), 85, 123. BUILDINGS, for, 77, 134; 78, 143; airing courts in France, description of, 79, 61. association of Supts. on B. 78, 144; capacity of, ultimate, determined at outset, 92, 133; centrifugal and centripetal plans, 83, 442, 446; classes, different, needing distinct bldgs. 89, 71; 85, 107; 77, 140; 85, 107; difference on account of sex, 85, 112; freedom and individuality of patients, 85, 111; detached wards, 80, 109; recognition of classes in, 85, 105; probable classification of 1,000 patients, 85, 107; similarity of sane and insane, 83, 444; single rooms, are many needed? 85, 436; errors of considering all I. alike, 83, 448; cloister-like bldgs. objections to, 83, 448; congregate and segregate bldgs. advantages and disadvantages of, 83, 441; construction of asylums, 85, 105; changes in construction that have taken place, 92, 130; INSANE. BUILDINGS cost of, 77, 30; 77, 134; argument for moderate, 77, 142; of asylums in U. S., 77, 3; list of, built 1867 to 1877, with cost of each, 77, 146; of housing for insane in U. S., 91, 178; compared with housing of citizens, 78, 100; great cost in U. S., 81, 13; cost per patient, 79, 51; of the two chief plans, 83, 449; effects of undue economy, 85, 106; cost for chronics per cap. 76, 63; cost of Willard, N. Y., and Warren, Pa., 76, 117. See also Willard and Kankakee. cottages for, 78, 97; cottage plan in R. I., 77, 158; economy of, 76, 128; objections to, 78, 148; one-story bldgs. in R. I. 88, 364; cottage plan in Dakota, 87, 317; home-like possibilities of, 83, 450; personal privileges possible on the cottage plan, 83, 453; see also Toledo and Kankakee; criminal I. bldgs. for, 82, 266; 89, 75; general plan of, 82, 267; organization of. 79, 126; curative, with perfect appliances needed, 80, 96; defects of many costly buildings, 77, 152; economy in, 76, 113; simplicity of equipment desirable, 76, 116; true economy provides amply, 77, 142; extravagance in, 79, 50; 96, 10; comparison of cost of housing sane and insane, 83, 397; architectural magnificence will be abolished, 91, 66; expensive building, no help to cure, 77, 147; extravagance for a few causes neglect of many, 77, 150; hospitals of present, examples of financial errors and medical mistakes, 03, 452; massive structures, objection to, 76, 118; origin uf the expensive system, 85, 395; state pride, effects of, 85, 105; too much bldg. and too little bread, 03. 430. Hospitals, 76, 114; buildings of, 89, 70; good a growth not a manufacture, 85, 139; palatial bldgs., wrong, 01, 363; a permanent necessity, 79, 53; three plans for, in Indiana, 85, 46; site, 89, 68; land per patient, 1 acre, 85, 107; limiting capacity of, 76, 89; varied types needed, 80, 91; of Europe, 79, 59; plans of, in France, 79, 65; future, simple architecture of, 01, 364; future use of present, combined asylum and factory, 03, 432; great, scientifically impossible, 00, 88; large caravansary to be destroyed, 00, 399; any system better than it, 00, 87; Kankakee plan, 82, 268; 90, 267; cottages, 82, 272; advantages of, 82,

Page  146 CUMUL&ATIV INDEX. INSANE. HOSPITALS 278; unlocked wards, many 82, -274; diagram of Iankakee 82, 27; Birkbride plan, 8S, 442 linear plan, evils of, 83, 449, 452; need of a repository of good plans, 85, 106; non-restraint, means no prison features, 77, 143; number of patients for, 78, 145; policy of treatment determines bldgs., 77, 134; small, advantages of, 76, 38; small in Mass. 03, 61; return to small, demanded, 80, 95; stately bldgs. for, 83, 444; water supply of, 89, 277; Willard, N. Y., commended, 77, 147; workshops for, 77, 141; Institutions in the U. S. (1829), 79, 43; progress in, in 20 years, 93, 257; sea side resorts for 77, 141; structural provision in U. S. and Europe, 85, 137;. CARE AND TREATMENT: 76, 35; 84, 236; 90, 253; 91, 62; 99, 196; advanced professional work in, 98, 285; conditions for doing it, 98, 286; kind that should be done, 98, 287; modern therapeutics, 98, 289; qualified physicians for, 98, 291; examples of work, 98, 291; see also Medical treatment. amusements for I., 79, 69; attendants the weak point in, 76, 99; atrocities of treatment 18th century, 76, 92; better treatment, what it means, 00, 91; biases, medical, regarding, 00, 91; broken mind, like broken bone, future symmetry depends on surgeon's skill, 03, 431; care at home and abroad, 85, 136; change from ceorcion to kindness, gradual, 85, 133; Cheadle in England, treatment at, 79, 68; classification, 76, 40; 77, 29; 93, 256; a better, 92. 127; by natural selection, 81, 327; division of classes in Mich. 88, 339; reform in, needed 80, 93; old tables of, 92, 127; insts. for different classes, 92, 128; removal of incongruous classes to special hospitals, 81, 327; social standard of a ward, 81, 327; elimination of certain classes, 88, 18; climate a factor in methods, 85, 140; conditions of success in 77, 138; conveyance of patients, by attendants, Ore. 05, 78; conveyance by attents., an error, 85, 442; conveyance of female patients, female attendants needed, 85, 157; tNSANXf. VA. a&D TIkT1kMtI cottageplan treatment, 88, 98,; E Ohio, 00, 400; criticisms of U. S. treatment by British experts, 81, 12; dietary tWatment the chief, 88, 97; dining rooms, large preferred, R. I., 05, 86; drugs, abuse of, 77, 142; ducking or "bowsening," Cornwall, 01, 157; early treatment, 00, 90; disgrace to send I. to jail, 03, 436; detention hospitals in Minn. 01, 69; 02, 64; in Denver, 02, 32; emergency hospital for early treatment, 02, 167; observation pavilion for acute cases, 03, 433; out-patient-care of incipient cases, 90, 256; psychopathic hosps. 03, 428; should resemble general hosps., 02, 167; psychopathic hosps. and colony the motto, 02, 173; reception hosps. in Australia, 90, 259; in N. Y. 04, 79; reception hosps. 03, 434; should be near center of hosp. district. under control of hosp. 03, 437; temporary cases may be treated at home, 90, 237; 91, 64; education as treatment, 84, 402; effects of cheap soap, 78, 100; Egyptian methods, ancient, 79, 84; elements of treatment, physical and moral, 92, 149; employment a necessity of treatment, 79, 70; see also Labor as treatment and Insane, Employment of. entrance examinations, how made, 05, 529; epileptic insane, 90, 263; eras of neglect and of detention, 01, 7; essentials of adequate system, 02, 166; exercise, out-door the best, 86, 273; as sedative, 79, 64; female escorts for female patients, N. Y., 06, 461; filthy classes, 85, 148; day and night service for, 85, 149; separate buildings for, 85, 152; formerly insane treated as criminals, now criminals treated as insane, 03, 426; Greek practice, ancient, 79, 84; groups in separate bldgs. of the inst., 92, 130; gyrater treatment as sedative, 76, 95; hydrotherapy as, 79, 64; improvements, in 20 years, 05, 531; in medical care, 00, 89; in methods, in Conn. 00, 300; in methods of account, also in employment, Va., 01, 96; obstacles to improvement, 05, 505; opposition to improvement, causes of, 05, 531 -individual treatment, 76, 37; 77, 157; 00, 85; difficulty of, in large hosp. 77, 157;

Page  147 1874 to TM 147 INSANS CARE AND TREATMENT inebriates and drug habitues, not with I. 0,. 425; inequality in treatment, 77, 135; journalists point of view, 99, 196; kind treatment exceptional, 76, 91; labor as treatment, Scotland, 79, 69; large insts. evils of, as to treatment, 82, 98, 99, 233, 234; management, 76, 51; in U. S., 79, 42; medical care, symptoms vs. disease, 00, 89; need of study, 00, 89; therapeutist abreast of pathologist, 00, 92; frequency of med. exam, 91, 323; medical science defeated, 03, 430; medical work for recoverable patients, better needed, 94, 212; medieval treatment, lingering traces of, 85, 19; middle-age and more recent horrors, 99, 200; 01, 157; modern, inaugurated by Pinal, 76,92; monastic methods, 79, 85; moral treatment, use of self-control, 86, 272; non-restraint method, 76, 90; 80, 137; 85, 123; attendants, weak point in, 80, 139; employment and, 76, 101; 80, 140; effects of abolishing R. on other reforms, 76, 105; Connolly, Dr. re, in 1837, 76, 96; experiences with, 80, 138, 139; lack of public confidence in, 80, 141; two sides to the question, 85, 144; value of, 80, 139; mechanical restraints discarded in Ala. 88, 405; abolished in Wis. 76, 105, laws relating to, 76, 96; in England and France, 79, 62; three kinds of restraint, 80, 114; proportion of as test of management, 85, 102; amount of R. diminishing, 85, 102; seclusion as R., 85. 145; open-door system, 76, 21; at Kankakee, 81, 52; in Scotland, 79, 67; overcrowding, in Calif. 88, 297; in Dakota, 88, 304; in Mass. 03, 536; (for instances of overcrowding see in reports from states of almost every year); periods of, revenge, indifference, humanity, science, 01, 162; personal honor,, plan, 88, 97; philanthropic basis of treatment, 84, 240; placing new patient in ward where there is room, 03, 431; policy of torture and revenge, 01, 156, story of in middle ages, a terrible one, 01, 156; practical hints on treatment, 88, 95; private hosp. licensed, 76, 75; private physicians treatment by, 80, 102; progress in 20 years, 93, 222; advances in liberty and comfort, 93, 244; credit due to lay reformers, 80, 92; no faster than public opinion, 02, IN8AINE CAE AND TREATMENT 510; progressive treatment embarrassed by old style bldgs. 77, 144; resolutions, re. labor, restraint and medical care, 80, 120; scientific work needed, 92, 139; Scotch system of care 05, 423; see also Boarding; secrecy, evil effects of, 76, 93; shower bath as treatment, 76, 95; strategy in admitting, an evil, 78, 99; tent life for tuberculous ins. Va., 04, 104; women, special hosps. for suggested, 81, 9, 10. Cases of, King Saul, 76, 91, Wm. Norris, 76, 94, Mary Lamb, 85, 459; Guiteau, 81, 6; abnormal girl in Mass. 05, 532; aftercare, cases of, in Europe, 99, 207; cases of need of after-care, 97, 465; after-care illustrative cases, 97, 82; 05, 341; cases of expert testimony, 80, 285; of I. criminals. 96, 439, of feigned insanity, 96, 195; of cruelty through ignorance, 94, 292; following the Keeley cure, 92, 143. Chronic, 75, 43; 76, 41, 62; 83, 393; 85, 112; aggregation vs. separation, 85, 112; care of in families, 86, 260; custodial cases crowding curable patients, 03, 67; cost of care of, 76, 64, 112; cost of, in N. Y. 76, 56; in N. J. 76, 58; in Pa. 76, 59; in Del. 76, 61; building for, 82, 203; expense of Co. system, Wis. 85, 115; fallacy of need of medical care for 83, 114; increase of, 76, 18; 80, 287; N. Y. system for, 82, 258; proportion of chronic and curable in hosps. 79, 88; provision for, made cheaply and humanely, 85, 112; separation of acute from chronic, 77, 13; 75, 45; 80, 162; 80, 99; 82, 102; 96, 176; Willard asylum methods, 80, lxxv; Wis. system commended by experts 85, 113. Class, no "insane class," 03, 419. COLONY, for chronics, 87. 311; cost of 02, 171; in Mass., 02, 59; 03, 61; in Mich., 87, 215; 96. 450; 02, 512. advantages of colony, 87. 219; better supervision, 87, 219; home-like surroundings, 87, 219; utilization of labor, 87, 220; economic enlargement of insts, 87, 220; better than complete separation of acute and chronic, 87, 220; colonies and farms increasing, 90, 262. number of patients desirable in, 87, 312; in N. C., happy results of, 04, 84; cottage and colony, 01, 162; part of an adequate system, 02, 169; COLORED, the 95. 164; 03, 359; increase among, 88, 347; increase caused by civil war, 88, 347; extreme poverty,

Page  148 148 CUMULATIVE INDEX. INSANE. COLORED a cause, 95, 473; increasing since war, 99, 398; proportion of violent cases among, 95, 472; statistics of, 95, 165; st. provision for 95, 165, 175. COMMITMENT of, 75, 45; 76, 48; 91, 68; 93, 227; 88, 25; by civil procedure, 88, 26; no right unless necessary, for protection or care, 88, 27; violent restraint, 88, 28; early commitment desirable, 88, 31, 391; commitment of, 92, 74; 1st English statutes, 92, 95; by justice of peace, 92, 97; decision of judges, 92, 99; jury of laymen, 92, 103; mixed jury, lay and medical, 92, 105; chancellor, 92, 106; judge's commissioner, 92, 107; commission of insanity, 92, 108; asylum bd. 92, 109; physician alone, 92, 110; the right to confine the insane, 92, 115; right of appeal needed 85, 146; by Co. commissioners, Md. 00, 322; classes who should not be confined, 80, 166, 169; discharge after commitment, 88, 50; emergency commitments, 01, 69; erroneous, rarity of, 94, 295; 90, 430; family rights, interference with, 90, 255; golden mean between medicine and law, 01, 163; guardianship of committed insane, 88, 53; jury trial 86, 316; in Ill. 86, 356; a fault, 84, 28; effort to repeal, Ill. 81, 54; an evil. 91, 64; abolishment of, in Ill. 94, 294; laws of Mass. 88, 59; historical, 88, 59; judicial, 88, 60; administration, 88, 62; schedules, 88, 65; and methods in, N. H. 81, 23; uniform in all states needed, 90, 68; legal procedure is not a trial,, 03, 420; legal requirements, 01, 165; 01, 362; compulsory care necessary, 04, 166; control of Ct. some judicial action necessary, 01, 166; questions of property, 01, 167; public proceedings cruel, 01, 109; medical investigation, 01, 169; methods of, 80, 103; 88, 38; one man not enough to decide a case, 80, 167; parole of patients, 76, 46; 90, 431; in R. I. 99, 96; personal freedom of patient, 76, 46, 47; protection of Ct. in, 88, 385; public arraignment as a taint of crime, 01, 163; release, method of, in Wis. 88, 388; removal of patients after commitment, 88, 38; restriction of personal liberty in care of ins. 86, 263; INSANE. COMMITMENT rights of insane, 80, 105, 166; stricter commitments means decrease of early admissions and more chronics, 93, 231; tendency to more rigid commitments, 85, 99; unnecessary commitments, 91, 64; voluntary or self-commitments, 91, 69, 71; 92, 137; 93, 231; 97, 467; 98, 283; in Conn. 96, 26; in Mass., Penn. and Conn. 91, 72; cases proper for, 91, 74; methods and safeguards, 91, 76; disadvantages, 91, 77; law for, in Ohio, 02, 89; 03, 91; legalized in Mass. 05, 58. County care, 82, 97; 01, 91; Co. authorities should not have control of insane, 92, 135; Co. asylums, Ohio, 80, 117; asylums in N. J. 00, 337; in N. J. because of excessive St. cost, 00, 337; Co. care act in Penn. 98, 85; combined St. and Co. system of support, 02, 63; Wisconsin system of, 82, 99, 101, 232, 253, 114; 84, 322; 85, 92, 437; 89, 280; 92, 364; 91, 78; 96, 181; economy and humanity of, 91, 83; 96, 182; every insane persbn in the St. cared for, 96, 183; St. Bd. prescribes rules and has financial control, 96, 183, 184; the farm plan for comfort and economy, 96, 185; method of commitment to hospitals first, 96, 186; occupation and non-restraint, 91, 82; criticisms of Wis. system, 91, 87-90; land, bldgs., labor liberty, moral treatment, etc., 86, 280-286, complete provision for all needing, 83, 44; methods of, 83, 45, 47; 81, 97; not good enough for Ohio, 92, 367; better than that of any other state, 92, 364; Dane Co. asylum, 86, 421; successful methods, 84, 58. County care vs. State care, 76, 108-110; see also State and Co. care. Criminal, 76, 71; 79, 114; 96, 196; in N. C. 97, 425; classes of, 96, 196; 80, 283; experiences with, 79, 114; epi. crim. ins., 79, 120; need of spec. hosps. for, 79, 123; 96, 197; separation from other prisoners, 79, 125; amusements and airing cts. for, 79, 128, 129; trials by experts, only, 76, 71; cases of crim. ins. 96, 439; insts. for, 96, 437, 439, 440; in prison special treatment, 96, 190; in Belgian prisons, 96, 191; medico-psychological service for, 96, 194; relations between insanity and crime, 80, 44; defendant acquitted as ins. comes back for sentence on recovery, 05, 46. Crml. and moral respensibility, 88, 75; abnormal disposition in criminals, 88, 83;

Page  149 1874 to 1906. 149 INSANE. Criminal three classes of criminals, 88, 86; moral imbeciles. 88, 88. Criminals, bldgs. for, see Insane, Buildings for; Cullen, Dr. and the use of fear, 76, 94. Curable and incurable, proportion of, 82, 237, 77, 137, 10; curability, statistics of, Mass, 81, 191; per cent recoverable larger than supposed, 00, 396; better statistics needed, 80, 98; few recover after one or two years, 03, 537; fallacy of recovery figures, 81, 21; possibility of cure, 77, 4; probability of recovery, 77, 7; proportion of cures depends on pressure for admission, 89, 282; recoveries, fallacious' and correct method of counting, 79, 45-52; recoveries, Kirkbride's estimate, 84, 60; per cent in St. Louis, 84, 60. Detention hospitals, see Early treatment. Detention of, 88, 41; special insts. for, necessary, 88, 41; men and women phys. needed, 88, 42; recovery the aim of detention, 88, 43; liberty and employment, 88, 44; furlough system commended, 88, 46; supervision essential, 88, 47; see also Commitment. Early treatment see Care and Treatment. Employment of, 76, 21, 43-45, 53, 119; 82, 276; as an advantage, 81, 53; as benefit to, 75, 27, 28; as beneficial treatment, 85, 103; a desideratum, 77, 141; a need of human nature, 83, 397; as a substitute for restraint, 83, 405; 85, 135; as a remedy, 76, 44; farm work as, 76, 44; climate and its effects on emp. 81, 32; occupations used in Europe as, 85, 141; voluntary emp. 86, 277; at McLean Hosp. 85, 127; at Kankakee, 81, 53; for ins. in almshouses, 81, 97; labor and amusement, 85, 18; labor compensation for, 84,222; need of, 84, 223; needs care and thought by Supt. 84, 224; extra food and beer as pay, (England) 84, 226; cash value of ins. labor, 84, 227; for women as well as for men, 84, 394. Friends asylum at Frankford, and kindness, 85, 127. German universities and psychopathic hosps. 02, 173. Gheel. see Village care. Guardian societies for ins., see Aftercare. Gundry, Dr. Richard, and use of selfcontrol in moral treatment, 86, 272. Dix, Miss Dorothea, her work for, 79, 44; Helplessness of. 76. 73. HOSPITALS. asylums end others insts. for, administration of, 77, 16; attendants. female, in male wards, 04, 42; proportion of. needed, 77, 19; INSANE. HOSPITALS administration training schools for. 85, 103; 87, 221; 92, 138; in different states, 87, 222; courses of lectures, 87, 225; reasons for, 87, 228; members of religious orders as nurses, 79, 62; 02, 184; mixed staffs, difficulties of, 81, 10, 11; pauper nurses, 98, 211; pathologist, state, in N. Y., 77, 9; qualifications of officers and trustees, 80, 110; superintendents, rapid changes of, 02, 43; tendency to overload, 00, 87; women phys. on medical staff, 79, 78; 81, 8; 85, 443; 92, 139; no. of hosps. with, 81, 28; women patients prefer male physicians, 88, 393; medical and moral care of women insane, 79, 73; neglect of uterine diseases, 79, 77; asylums or hospitals, 79, 83; 74, 5; British asylums, standing of, 77, 17; asylum name changed to hosp., 91, 287; 05, 87; noted institutions, Willard, N. Y., 76, 108; Bethlehem in 1815, 76, 93; York Retreat, 76, 92; Hanwell, 76, 98; asylum at Valencia, (1410), 85, 123; 01, 158; at Porto Rico, 02, 182; Monks of Saragossa, (1425), 85, 123; St. Mary of Bethlehem, (Bedlam), 01, 159; Cincinnati asylum, 78, 50; Monks of Jerusalem, 6th century, 01, 157; religious orders in dark ages, 01, 157; sisters of charity, hosp. of, 81, 29; first in U. S. in Va., 01, 95. Kittredge, Dr. and bdg. out atAndover, 85, 124. Labor of, see Employment. Lindsay, Dr. at Perth (1854), 85, 131. Mann, Horace, and ins. as wards of St., 01, 164. Man, still regarded as a crmnl, 05, 538. Medieval superstitions, demoniac possession of, 79, 85. Neglect of. in various states, 77, 149. Numbers of, in U. S. 77, 134; 82, 37; number in insts. 05. 421; proportion of to population, 76, 55; 81, 6; in U. S. France, Ireland, Mass. and Calif. 76, 55. Observation pavilion, see Early Treatment. Pauper and dependent, see Public Policy. Physicians, noted, Connolly, Dr. 76, 96; Combe, Dr. A.. 76, 151: Cullen, Dr. 76, 94; Ellis, Sir Wm., 76, 101; Rush, Dr. Benj. 76, 195; Tuke, Drs. Saml. and Wm. 76, 92. Pinel and the Bicetre, 01, 159.

Page  150 CUMUIlAIVE INDEX. -IBSANE. Politics, party, hurtful to, 81, 31; political changes kill scientific work, 00, 90; hospitals as the football of politics,:99, 302; as party rewards, 94, 211; Provision for, inadequate, 89, 64; ratio of to the need, 89, 67. Protection of, see Supervision. Psychopathic hosps., see Early Treatment. Public policy in care of, 92, 125; 00, 83; 01, 154, 155; argument from need of restraint,, 74, 4; care of a rent charge on community, 90, 253; care, public, evils incidental to, 01, 163; Daniel Defoe on claims of ins. 80, 106; duty of St. towards its ins. 74, 4; 94, 201; economy of, 79, 87; economical features, cost of care, 82, 112; economy by neglect, 82, 113; economic gain and loss by each insane, 98, 456; expenses all pd. by St. Neb. 00, 397; for what classes should the St. provide, 03, 418; not paupers in O., 82, 104; not paupers though supported, 80, 105; pauper ins, care of by St. 78, 90; increase of pauper ins. 75, 43; 83, 394; as dependents, 77, 11; relation of the public to the ins. 97, 83; reasons for public care, protection of society and humanitarian sentiment, 77, 132; rich or poor alike wards of St. 00, 400; St. reimbursed by Co. in Iowa, 00, 199; support in various states, 92, 259; support place and manner of, 76, 37; support in private hosps. at per capita, 78, 18; tax on family unjust, 00, 398; in Co. asylums supervised by St. bd. 81, 241, in N. C. those able to pay to be charged, 01, 86. Re-admissions, 81, 21; relapses of cured patients, 79, 46; 81, 21, 26. Raving maniacs are scarce, 03, 420. Reception hospitals see Early Treatment. Resemblances of, in all countries, 79, 59. Restraint demoralizing 80, 170. Restraint see Non-Restraint Plan. Reverence for, ancient, in Greece and Egypt, 01, 156. Rights of insane, see Commitment. Rush, Dr. on coercion and use of whip, 76, 95; 85, 126. Social classifications in Europe, 79, 60. State care, 92, 138, 363; 84, 401; in Conn. 00, 300; in Mass. for all except Boston, after 1903, 01, 65; adequate St. provision, 04, 53; 05, 58; 03, 61; in N. Y. Co. vs. St. care, 75, 17; law for St. care, 91, 85; reasons for, 91, 85, 94, 95; coterminous with public care, 91, 92; the law for, 91, 96; Gov. Throop on, in 1830, 96, 177; counties exempted, 92, 365; depends on treatment, 98, 456; development of, 99, 85; dependent ins. within STATE CAR capacity of insts. 00, 41;; in Seb. includes clothing, 00, 321;: fr deepend ins. in Md. 04, 51; for indigent ins. in N. H. 03, 77; 05, 67; in Ore. 84, 54; in Penna., 75, 19; in Va. 01, 96; 04, 104; 05, 83; academic thirst for uniformity, 00, 94; advantages of St. care system, 84,102; increasing size of asylums, 91, 321; ingenious part of Wis. system, St. care with Co. custody, 00, 96; insane not regarded as paupers, 84, 401; no state ever provided completely, 96, 449; sensible combination of care and custody, 00, 100; state care and Co. care, 93, 233; typical instances of failure of, 00, 99; vs. state custody, 00, 93. Strange distrust of medical men by the laity, 94, 205. Superstitions concerning the, 90, 431. SUPERVISION AND PROTECTION British Lunacy Commissioners, 76, 107; 80, 111, 159; character of members of, 80, 163; objections to by superintendents assn. 80, 161; difference bet. English and American, 80, 113; expert and non-expert, valuable, 85, 147; improved conditions due to conference, 86, 14; inspections by bds. of trustees, 80, 111; institutions under St. control, gov't. of, 92, 134; investigations by congress, 76, 86; local bds. restored, N. Y., 05, 71; guardian societies for, 02, 180; lack of in U. S. 81, 13; national association for protection of insane, 80, 143; 81, 7, 17; why needed, 80, 144; probable future numbers of I. 80, 145; diffusion of popular knowledge by, 80, 148; Packard law to protect, Ia. 78, 19; private insts, licenses for, N. C. 99, 87; safeguards for, 80, 110; summary of adequate, 02, 180. state, 81, 34; 76, 72; 80, 152; 02, 174; what is proper supervision, 80, 152; correction of abuses by, 80, 155; protection of rights of ins. 80, 154; confidence of I. to be won, 80, 157; effects of on friends of I. 80, 158; by superintendent, 80, 116; evils of unsupervised hosp. 76, 83; practical supervision is within the hosp. 02, 177; adequate system wide significance of,, 02, 176; bds. of trustees indespensable, 02, 177; value of visits from friends, 02, 178; urgent need of, 89, 66; what it should in

Page  151 1874 te I6 1S1 INSANE. tPEBRVSION AND PEOTECTION elude, 85, 14, state to protect persons as well as property, 94, 207; state bds, and, 85, 95; limit of power of bd. 85, 98; effects of, 87, 97; in Mass. 99, 65; commission in lunacy of N. Y. estab. 02, 79; coaterence of bds. of trustees, Ohio, 01, 88; power of transfer of patients needed, 74, 7; private insts. super. of by St. bds. 01, 56; value of lunacy bds., 94, 206. Terms, curable and chronic, 88, 387. Treatment of, see Care and Treatment. Tuke, Dr. and the York Retreat, 01, 160. Village plan, the, 90, 267; 02, 185; in Russia, Spain, Norway, Holland, Germany, France, Belgium and Scotland, 02, 186; congress on l'assistance familiale, 02, 186; Lierncux, a modern Gheel, without St. Dymphna, 02, 186; Dun sur Auron and Ainay, 02, 187; 188; Dr. Lwolf and Ainay, 02, 188. Gheel, 89, 283; 91, 173; 02, 186; boarding system of Mass. resembles Gheel, 00, 101; insane known as visitors, 99, 201; as it is today, 85, 137; comfortless and primitive, 85, 137; story of a visit there, 89, 283; a new Gheel demanded, 90, 68; place for special instruction in psychiatry. 90. 68; Dr. Peeters, director, 02, 509; St. Dymphna and Gheel, the legend, 01, 158. Weekly register of ins. in Mass. 91, 15. Wisconsin system results of, 96, 449; INSANITY. Boards of, English, Irish, Scotch, 76, 74, 78; causes of, 76, 97; 78, 88; alcohol, 82, 40; bodily disease, 05, 527; brain disease, 88, 69; brain structure, 88, 69; changing conditions of life, 82, 48; character of, depends on organism, 88, 80; city life, 84, 231; civilization, 82, 90; civil war, 81, 35; disordered organism, 84, 237; educational pressure, 05, 525; education, premature intellectual, 97, 85; epochal periods of life, 88, 74; first attack predisposes to second, 88, 72; heredity, 76, 97; 88, 7, 9, 70; homesickness, 82, 83; 88, 306; ill health, 82, 40; immigration, 82, 84, 89; monotony of work and thought, 82, 40; over-taxing of abilities, 82, 46; profligacy, 81, 35; school system, 81, 35; trouble, 82, 42; vices of civilization, 82, 50; see also, Increase and Prevention. census of, in N. Y. in 1871, 77, vii; clinical training in U. S. 05, 502; in Germany, 05, 503; cured or cared for, 91, 227; definition of, 84, 237; 01, 360; INSANITY Democritus's dissectbin fbr seat dot 1elancholia, 84, 237; dependence induced by 88, IS; disease, insanity a, 77 1, 4; 01 361; 06, 524; a bodily disease, 76, 67; pathological investigation of, 77, 4; a recent view, 80, 90; not pathological, 76, 68; recognition of, as disease, Pinel's chief merit, 80, 90; result of disease, 91, 322; education of public opinion re needed, 05, 338 glance at, (Pliny Earle), 79, 42; Greek conception of, (ancient) 76, 91; following the Keely treatment 92, 142; cases of, 92, 143; following the World's fair of 1893, 97, 465; immigration and, 98, 269; in Iowa, 88, 326; Irish statistics, 98, 270; Mass. first admissions, tables of, 98, 271; insane poor in London, 98, 275; in Dorset, 98, 275; racial predispositions, 98 273; increase of, 75, 20; 76, 36; 77, 136; 80, 287; 8., 228; 05, 431; see also articles on care and treatment; apparent increase, 80, 290; apparent or real, 76, 36; annual increase, 78, 92; becoming more rapid in Mass. 81, 6; causes of increase, 85, 155; 95, 187; inevitable increase, 79, 52; immigration, increase by, 84, 230; increase in Ia. foreign born, 83, 153; greater in older settled countries, 84, 231; increase by more accurate definition, 80, 289; more take advantage of good hospitals, 80, 289; monster asylums as causes, 95, 188; problem of twenty years' standing, 95, 186; rate less in W. and S. W., 84, 233; ratio in states, tables of, 84, 233; statistics in England, 95, 189; type of, changing, 75, 41; incurability percentage of, 76, 72; Jewish theory ancient of I. as divine punishment, 76, 91; laws, 85, 154; 89, 78; 90, 251; in N. H. 89, 80; in N. C. codified, 99, 35; Penna. statutes of 1874. 74 43 Penna. Lunacy act, 1883, 84, 323, new in Va. 03, 103; abstract of all state laws needed, 80, 175; 81, 320; see also Insane, commitment of, lunacy, for "lunacy" read "insanity." medical and legal, 76, 66; medicine, not merely drugs for, 05. 335; middle states, in, 76, 54; nature of, not fully determined, 00, 83; pauperizing affliction, the most, 05, periodicity of, 00, 85; physical conditions in, 05, 337;

Page  152 15 CUMULATIVE INDEX. INSANITY physician, average, incapacity of to treat, 00, 86; practitioner, general and the insane, 05, 429; instruction of the, 94, 213; prevention of, 75, 49; 78, 44, 79; 82, 36; brain care, 88, 69; better than cure, 78, 86; education modifies inherited tendencies, 88, 79; a preventable disease, 82, 38; increase of preventive measures, 05, 431; good laws needed for 85, 156; instruction of the public as to, 85, 156; 88, 71; prophylaxis in mental disease, 99, 205; wider knowledge needed for, 00, 86; prevention by control of dissolute 88, 91; dissolute living deteriorates mental organization, 88, 92; dissolute person, a center of contagion, 88, 93; dissolute living a crime, 88, 94; prevent, what the college may do to, 85, 116; care of its students, 85, 118; dept. of hygiene of college, 85, 117; intellectual employment for insane, 85, 121; cost of cramming, 85, 122; speed costs and kills, 85, 119; psychiatry a new science, 01, 162; psychoses, the preferred term, 03, 421; neurasthenia, a prevalent psychosis, 03, 421; sanity and I. 'shade into each other, 91, 63; savage state, a state of I. 82, 82; social aspects of, 81, 328; statistics of, 76, 151; 10th census, tables of, 84, 416, 422, 429; therapeutics of, 00, 85; theories on, changing rapidly, 02, 509; trials, expert testimony in, 99, 189; experts on both sides, 99, 193; method of, 99, 191; hypothetical questions, 99, 193; unbiased opinions impossible, 99, 184; results of trials, 99, 396; remedy in a board of experts, 99, 195; practice in R. I., 99, 397. Inspectors appointed by central authority, 03, 483. INSTITUTIONS all kinds, resemblances of, 90, 68; dietaries of, 01, 173; nutrition standard, 01, 173; inquiries of diet, N. Y., hosp. for ins., 01, 174; objects, humanitarian and pecuniary, 01, 175; theory of nutrition, 01, 176; examples, 01, 178; waste, 01, 179; printed recipes, 01, 181; opinions, 01, 183; improvements, 01, 183; industries, 88, 14; inmates of, number of, 84, 9; proper oversight of, 84, 9; life, evil of too much routine, 86, 133; maintenance of, methods, 83, 23; annual cost of in different states, 83, 27; officials, kind of, 05, 590; attitude of public mind towards, 05, 591; INSTITUTIONS organization of St. in Ind., 06, 405; problems of, 95, 204; run for benefit of state, instead of the inst. town, 03, 66; service, need of sufficient skilled help, 04, 138; statistics of, 06, 630; without bds. of trustees in Neb., 03, 72. Insurance, amount of, fraternal, 06, 454; industrial, 06, 455, 456; trade union, 06, 454, 455; benefits of, 06, 462, 463; in Germany, 06, 458; industrial, need of, 06, 464; U. S., backward in, 06, 453, of unskilled workers, 05, 577; in Germany, 05, 578; working men's, and old age pensions, report, 06, 452; appeal for congressional influence in, 06, 599. Intemperance as a source of pauperism, insanity and crime, 88, 21. Intemperance as consequence and cause, 88, 423. Intemperance, cause of three-fifths of the cost of charities and correction, 93, 302. International Christian Institute, Omaha, 04, 68. International Congress on assisted ch. resolutions of, 83, 489. International Congress on pub. and pri. char. rept. on, 01, 357. International prison committee, letters re, 84, 381; International Prison Congress, brief report on, 01, 415. International Record, the, 89, 248, 262. Interstate migration, 99, 153; national settlement law unconstitutional, 99, 153; draft of proposed St. law, 99, 154; disputes between states, 99, 156. Interstate migration of paupers, need of federal law, 96, 299; state pauper system in Mass. and N. Y., 96, 300; draft of proposed law, 96, 301. Invalid's Aid Society of Boston, 92, 387. Invalid's Home, Maine, 04, 50. Invalids migrant, consumptive Jews in Denver, 92, 380, 384. Invalids migration of, 92, 90. Investigation, 05, 359; starting pt. of all knowledge, 05, 559; real purpose of, 05, 360; qualities of the investigator, 05, 361. See also Organization of Charity. Investigation, main purpose of, 05, 512. Investigation, value of, 97, 193; purpose to increase, not decrease, charity, 97, 193; to find the person to help, 97, 194; dangers of, 97, 198; injury to personal reputation, 97, 198. Ireland, Dr., classification of imbeciles, 01, 195.

Page  153 1874 to 1906. 153 Irish prison system, 02, 533; see Prisons. Irregular employment, evils of, 81, 390. Isanoff Stoyan and play grounds in Phila. 06, 400. Ishmael, the tribe of, 88, 154; origin of the family, 88, 155; criminal record of, 88, 157; effects of pub. rel., on 88, 158; effects of pri. char. on 88, 158, marriage relations of, 90, 435. Italian cheap labor in Indiana, 88, 430; fishermen in San Francisco bay, 05, 389. Italy, charities of, 90, 99. Itard and the savage of the Aveyron, 93, 203; and beginning of study of imbecility, 01, 187. Ives, Dr. Levi Silliman, founder of N. Y. Catholic Protectory, 92, 352. Jackson, Dr. Sheldon and Alaska, 01, 423. Jackson, Helen Hunt, and Ramona, 92, 24, 25. Jacobs, Joseph, on inter-marriage of relatives, 06, 265. Jacobs, Mrs. Frances, memorial notice, 93, 93, 450. J. JAILS: Administration of, 86, 36; see also Management; air space needed in, 92, 406; association in, evils of, 84, 87; as they were, 93, 244; as they were in Ohio, 86, 359; by-products of jail, 00, 53; central control of, needed, 03, 36; classification in, by the individual, 85, 427; conditions, criminal, 04, 595; construction of, 85, 304; 00, 57; costly contrivances disused, 97, 61; architect as inventor, 00, 63; effects of patents on improvements, 00, 63; simplicity in, desirable, 97, 58; builder tries to build a good jail, 00, 62; steel construction, good and bad points of, 00, 435; central corridor plan, 78, 105; control by St. instead of Co., 79, 103; county, 00, 47; abolition of, 00, 51; the average, 90, 49; de Tocqueville on evils of, 80, 50; fee system in, evils of, 03, 485; insane in, a nuisance, 00, 47; inspection, frequent, needed, 00, 55; in N. W. states, 79, 96; as schools of vice, 79, 99; juvenile corruption, case of, 00, 53; management of, 84, 87; 85, 308; 00, 52; classification or separation, 85, 307; 78, 105, 106; discipline in, 83, 37; 84, 87; 78, 102; labor in, 78, 102; 84, 87; rules for, sample set of, 85, 310; 00, 56; JAILS Kansas City jail, 86, 360; keeping a profitable business, 03, 486; labor in, is not practicable, 84, 373; model, definition of from N. S., 02, 112; modern, in Minn., 03, 69; Ohio plan of, with diagram, 82, 278; Penna. plan, 85, 429; place of rest for the winter, 00, 54; prisoners working in parks, St. John, N. B., 04, 111; religious work in, 88, 199; requirements of, 80, 30; schools of crime, 00, 53; schools of crime in Va., 01, 99; in N. C., 04, 85; seminaries of crime, 80, 51; sentences on negro boys, effects of, 01, 39; separation in, demanded, 79, 103; 86, 36; 91, 220; 00, 55; 03, 484, 485. system, revision of needed, 79, 100; of N. J., 83, 207; St. system of, 00, 51; twin curses of present, 94, 229; the usual kind, 86, 343; wardens should be appointed for ability, 96, 435; work for prisoners, in Mich., 96, 53; in N. J., 96, 68. Jailers required to sleep in jails in Tenn., 98, 22, 92. James Henry, old world a discipline, new, an opportunity, 91, 24. James, postmaster-general, on postal savings banks, 85, 444. Japan, sch. for nurses in, 94, 100. Jasper, stone, bldgs. of, in Dakota, 84, 23. Javert, the embodiment of retributive law, 05, 293; type of the old police, 85, 311. Jelly, Dr. Arthur, and classes for f. m. scholars, 04, 396. Jenkins, E. Fellows, on probation not new, in N. Y., 04, 366. Jenks, Mr., (R. I.), and attack on federal spoils system, 99, 416. Jerusha and Giuseppe, 05, 573. Jewish Agric. and Indust. Aid Soc., 06, 393. Jewish charities, special burdens of, 06, 502; see also Hebrew Charities. Jewish immigrants, refugees from persecution, 92, 382. Jewish Protectory and Aid Soc. N. Y. est., 02, 81. John Bost asylum for epi., 90, 264. Johns Hopkins on pleasure of giving, 02, 362. Johns Hopkins Hospital plan of, 86, 240. Johnson, Mrs. Ellen and the woman's prison, 05, 590. Johnston, Miss Grace, ref. sch. visitor, 05, 118. Johnstown flood relief, 90, 43; 90, 381; 93, 85; 06, 541; Red Cross work at. 90, 384.

Page  154 CUMIUIATIYFR WPEX. Jones, Agnes E., and workhouse nuvo!A& 90, 138; A 284. a. Fr Psat. wd 4wo eA voyt 04, 618. J dkw Q m~tP( *tA on.b$ s., owtor of, 92, 880 Juke, Ada, 85, 172; 4utes family, the, 77, 81-, 80, T, 134; 91, 224, 227,!12, 318W 96, 198; 95, 142; 99, 9, 370; and a capacity for crime, 96, 408 cost Qf to community, 64, 385; as feeble mhatedt 84, 2M4; 94, 176; 98, 297; and hereditary crime, 91, 138; and restrietive marriage laws, 64, 418; restorable, bow, 99 7, 370; and syphilis, 89, 233; and vice and pauperism, 91, 224, 227; as degenerates, 88, 70. Jukesism, study of, 85, 13. Julian the apostate ovL caring for heathen poor, 98, 18. Justice and charity, 99, 349. Justice, failure of, 85, 13. Just-ice, not charity, is wanted, 90, 61. JUVENILE arrests, Co. agents investigation, Mich- 04, 60; in Washington, D. C., 05, 161; proportion of arrests of juveniles and of adults, 03, 207; asylum, N. Y., 06, 538; moving to country, 04, 80; commitments, Ore., power to commit centered in Co. Ct., 03, 95. JUVENILE COURT: 06, 123; 04, 350; at begihuing of problem, 06, 123; as great social agency, 06, 87; co-operation of agencies, 04, 367; experimental stage of, 04, 365; 05, 543 enforcement of law to protect ch. from jail, 04, 630; increase of arrests and decrease of commitments to ref. sch., 02, 448; child of juv..ct., 05, 167; possibilities of for good or evil, 05, 169; judges of, 05. 479; discretionary power of, 05, 482; experiences of a, 05, 483; hindrances to judicial protection, 04, 364; reluctance to taking ch. from parents. 04, 365; qualifications for, 06, 127; lawyer in, need of, 05, 172; need of accurate and strictly legal work, 05, 176; property rights vs. personal rights, 05, 173; laws, etc.. by states, Calif., 05, 35; Colo., 03, 31; D. of C., 04, 33; 06, 22; Ill., 01, 26, 342; 06, 117; Ind., 02, 46; 03, 49; Ia., 04, 39; Kan., 05, 49; Md., 02, 55; Minn., 05, 61; 04, 64; Mich., 06, 39; Mo., 03, 69; Neb., 05, 65; N. Y., 04, 80; 03, 85; Ohio, 05, 75; 06, 60; Ore., 05, 77; Quebec, 02, 119; R. I., 00, 354; Utah, 05, 81; Wash., 05, 84; England, 04, 362; 05, 98; Pa., 01, 90; France, 04, 363; Prussia. 04, 363; laws, etc., by cities, Balto., 04, 629; Buffalo, 02, 448; Indianpolis, OL 3SW; Neava, 46 jPflwankee,, 024 4*J!Q IW XosC ~2; 0~ 81; in various cIl*o Q~, 60, 70, 138, 579; Ilndon, 04, 3W, laws of, OS, 423; must net be srrfned 05 5 8 rust e &rmd to a3batantial principles, 05,54; 5 ntxibut dequeney law, 0,3; 05, 5; in vartous states, OP5151 basis of in ch. guardians law of Ind., 4, W8* probation work of, 05, 17?;syatem of 04, 369; best arma of the court, 05, 4 1 ersonal work the main ttwing, neA' of, in all states, 65 I0; police opinions on, 05, 1B4, 164; permanent part of judicial system, 06, 90; probation officer, work of 05, 170; 04, 352; magnitude of 5, 0 TS 1 in relation to schools, 0, 180; pIaygrounds, 05, 181; charities, 05, 182; extension of, instead of enlargement of insts., 05, 184; payment of, 04, 368; results of prop. wk., Op, WI;~ handling paroled boys from ref. sch.. 04, 354; see also Probation. of Indianapolis, probation system of, 04. 369: investigation of cases, 04, 370, 372; the child's day in Ct., Ol 371; home treatment, 04, 372; VOl, unteer service, 04, 372; personnel of the volunteers, 04, 374; their work, 04, 376; progress, recent, of, 05, 150; propaganda of, 05, 150 -publIc sentiment needed for succein of, 06, 91; liis, Jacob, on, 05, 37, 151; Roosevelt, Prest., on, 05, 37, 151; special sessions of Co. cts., as, 05, 80; sovereign charity of the country, 04, 629; theory and practIce of, 04, 358; classification of cli., 04, M58; study of the individual ch., 04, 358; co-operation of social settlements, 04, 30; development of voluntary agencies of guardianship, 04. 365; sessions and work of in Denver, 02, 449; volunteer aids in, 06, 9; what is new in juv. ct. wk., 06, 125 -reformation through, 05, 206; co-operation of "kids" and the ct,, 03, 217; voluntary delinquents, 03, 214; patience and knowledge of the boys needed, 03, 225; report system in Denver ct., 03, 212; cases, 03, 215. Juvenile crime, no charge as, in N. J., 03, 80; and the police, 84, 285, JUVENILE DELINQUENTS and delinquency, after care-see Parole; causes, 96, 352; 05, 148; 02, 253; alcoholIsm in parent, 96, 353; defective schoolIng, 96, 356; deficIency; of moral sense, of normal support, or

Page  155 JIJWBSIL5 rDnWUmXqWU causes APIRUPCStrfa1 caiuses, 055 148;; eveuing work of' gi* 05$,, 4.mesnwgov work of' bo~s,, 05, 149S; ni~k work- of' mothegs, K~, 14,4,* fafterited disease, 96,, 354; reftrgemade delinquents, 98, 362; mentally astigmatic, miorally color blind, 96, 452; Personak~ 98%. 4t11,, 4124 classes of, 98, 411; 06,- 16; mental caPacity of. $& 432,4 01,. 262.;, tnstamace of, 98, 474; natiara savagery of chiklbeod, 98,. 474;, savagee of eivilizeti~n,. &, elassen oi,. 98, 47,5;classes for, special in pub. scfr., 98, 476i; definition of term, in Ind.,, 05, 47; INS-Ts.. for and methods in, 90 230, 234;, Ot 208;~ anthropology ag a basis for,, 00. 208; country location for, 80, 216;, 06, 149.; conditions of, at best, artificial, 96, 452; conditions which compel wholesale arrangements; 02, 255; employment of inmates, 85, 241; instructive vs. productive, 85, 247; examples from different inats, 85,~ 244; difficulty of making worklessons, educative, 85, 251; comnplete occupation in, 06, 145;, industrial training-, 06, 145; field of labor and market, 06; 146; industries in, 90, 214; opinions on, 90, 222, 223; trades, 90, 227; manual training, 98, 418; methoda at Milwaukee, 85, 250; ethical culture in, 90, 229;~ 05, 138; high character of staff necessary, 05, 140; individuality, culture of, 02, 261; not dead morality but living love for good, 05, 142; proper incentives to reform, 98, 379; rigid obedience is not reformation, 02, 263; examinations at entrance, 06, 209; family system in, 80, 209; each family distinct, 80, 210; states that have adopted family, or open, system, 80, 215; location, etc., needed for, 80, 215; runaways from, 80, 220; good results in spite of family system, 80, 2-40;- no. in a family, 98, 416; care at night, 98, 414; physical training in, 98, 417; importance of good and varied food, 98, 414; value of play, 98, 420; girls, methods with, 03, 519; more difficult to train than boys, 03, 516; close motberly touch needed, 03, 518; reflection room for, 03, 521; laws and methods, sundry: education law, Okla., 05, 77; com laws Md. mthorb mittal until IS and 19,. Wasb.p 055, odin at tial andI dbios, A 206; probation of ch. o&nDr,., 80,~ sch. Mass., 98, 474; suspende snteace aii4 placluq out- ba Sb. Vs. 98% 90- tretment bnI3 gx 81,, 195; voluntary societiesfa,8419 state Wenia ANw, in Mleb. 81l begro ch., as; 98, 471;Z eaumets del. in colored ch., 98, 471; c~igatimm of state to, 94, 288; occupation includes work, ivatruction aned' play, ft 2W - parole, furloughs, after~ care, ete; agents for placing and inspeeting, Minn., 05, 63; bdg. out dischaged bo^s 98, 479. bo~r and girl on ftrkangb, 98, 384; work of St. agent before tkey leave sch., 98, 385; home best place for, if a good home, 98, 388;- reports f rom furloughed boys,, 98, 389,; difficulty greatest when boy leaves inst., 98, 469; justifiable paroles, 98, 425; probation of boys from Westboro, Mass., 03, 513; placing the. boys out to work, 03, 514; record of boys paroled from Rochester, 96, 451; visitation after return to home, 98, 469; years of probation, 98, 470; police and juv. del., 84, 284; policeman. the boys natural enemy, 03, 218; reformatory influences of the pub. sch., 98, 476; reform schools some thoughts on, 02, 250; state, its duty to, 98, 404; 86, 150; statistics of some ref. schs., 02, 261; see also "Reform Sckool8," "RQorma-. tories." K. Kangaroo Courts, 00, 48. Kansas, spec. report on char. and corr., 00, 310. Keely of Dwight, 92, 152, 142. Keene, Dr. George F., on tuberculosis, 05, 255; on insufficiency of repression, 64-, 154, Kellar, Comr. on Tammany Hall met-hods, 98. 259. Kelley, Mrs. Florence, and licensing tenement h., labor, 04, 492; and fight for factory child, 96, 147; on Physical1 results of ch. lab., 05, 144, 145; Kelvin, Lord, on belief in God a necessity of thought, 05, 14. Kennan, George, on 4th of July, in A, Russian prison, 88, 428. Kennedy, John. Batavia, on individual instruction, 00, 76.

Page  156 156 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Kennedy, John S., on sch. of philanthropy, 05, 439; and United Char. bldg., 91, 117; 93, 66. Kent's commentaries, ch. law, in, 04, 364. Kentucky ch. ho. soc., successful work of, 03, 53. Kerlin, Dr., on tramps as imbeciles, 94, 176; plan for the feeble minded, 92, 348; 93, 17, 211; 96, 210, 211; memorial 94, 343. Kid, The, and the baby, 01, 20; Kidnappers, parole law not applied, etc., 01, 52. Kiernan on prolific feeble minded families, 02, 154. KINDERGARTEN: as character builder, 85, 222; character the need of the world, 85, 223; culture by, 89, 184; free, the, 86, 48; in Calif., 87, 22; 89, 187; 10 yrs. wk. in, 89, 186; in New York, 86, 365; for insane, 85, 455; in sch. for f. m., 89, 225; keystone of education, 03, 200; methods of, 88, 254; essential features, 88, 257; sunshiny atmosphere, 88, 256; symmetrical development, 88, 257; development of faculty, 89, 191; music in, 86, 57; part of public sch. education, 03, 102: 89, 237; place of, in ch. saving, 00, 243; results in 00, 245; plan of education, 88, 249; prevention of crime by, 86, 53; raises tone of homes, 95, 337; relation of the social reform, 88, 247; versus penitentiary, 88, 247; vs. home training, 85, 452; visiting in connection with, 91, 326; unfts. ch. for strict wk. in pub. sch., 89. 226. King Edward VI, and Christ's Hospital, 99, 21. Kingsley, Charles, "I had a friend," 96, 255. Kinne, Lavega G., memorial tributes to, 06, 527, 559, 569. Kirkbride plan of hosp. for ins., 92, 404; see also Insane bldgs. for. Kitchen gardens, 86, 385. Knapp, Miss Elizabeth and the Albany poor house, 92, 13. Knight, Dr. H. N., and wk. for feebleminded, 93, 208. Knight, Dr. James, and the N. Y. Soc., to aid the crippled and ruptured, 98, 365, 412. Knights of Labor, purposes of, 90, 59. Knownothingism, modern, 05, 560, 572. Koch and consumption, 92, 153; 99, 120, 131; 02, 219, 239. Kraepelin, Prof., (Heidelberg), and state's duty as to psychiatry, 05 430. Krapelin, Prof., (Berlin), on mathematical plan of penology, 04, 446. Krauskopf, Charles C., on examination of pub. sch. ch., 05, 334. Krauskopf, Rabbi Joseph and the National Farm School, 97, 110. Kropotkin, Prince, on useful manual labor, 06, 246. L. Laboratory study of penology, suggested, 98, 28. LABOR: bureaus, work and difficulties of, 85, 487, 488. demand for in U. S., 88, 431; for every dependent class, capable of, 85, 32; in prisons and reformatories, 86, 113; 85, 17; inspector in Ky., work of, 03, 53; illiteracy disclosed by, 03, 53; see also Factory inspector. pauperism and crime, 78, 151; reforming agency, 85, 17, 265; question, the, 78, 151; poverty re, 78, 153; unions and prison labor, 98, 449; initiation at Chicago stock jards, 05, 566; on sweat shops, 04, 517. Lacassagne on misery productive of crime, 90, 246. Ladies' benevolent soc., Charleston, S. C., 05, 262. Lamb, Charles. and excess of participation, 04, 617. Lancaster, O., school on family plan, 80, 213. Land, cheanest thing an inst. has to buy, 92, 407. Land in severalty (Indian) bill, 92, 52. Landlords and delinquent renters, 01, 375. Lankester, Ray, on parasitism, 80, 125; 88, 154. Larceny, penalty for, reduced in N. C., 96, 78. Law, governing insts. of char. and corr., Kan. following the meeting of Nat. Conf., 01, 58. Law, disregard of, cause of crime, 88, 259. Lease system, convict, in So. states, 83, 205; inevitableness of, when begun, 03, 461; in N. C., correction of Cable's paper of 1883, 84, 384; in prison, result of poverty of state, 93, 294; origin of, 03, 461. Lecky, (historian) on charity of imperial Rome, 89, xx; on charity planted by a woman's hand, 99, 19; on heroic self-sacrifice, 96, 109; on early excessive charity, 98, 334; on pagan examples of charity, 98, 332.

Page  157 1874 to 1906 157 Lectures, public, on char. and corr. Balto., 04, 52. Legend of choice of site of Jerusalem, 99, 341. Legislation, agst. foreign paupers. 76, 170; concerning charities, 01, 348, 350; national for protection of immigrants, 76, 162; obtained by St. conf., well directed, 03, 480. uniform desired, re. ch. support in inst., 06, 600; weak, without enlightened pub. opinion, 02, 22. Legislators, ignorance of, 76, 121; how to instruct, 76, 121. Legislature's action as enigmatical as a jury's, 03, 65. Leipziger, Dr., and pub. sch., lectures, N. Y., 04, 477. Leland, Charles G., on indust. art in sch., 84, 24. Lepers in Cuba, how kept, 02, 108; 01, 106. Letchworth on ins., in foreign countries, 90, 273; on St. bds. ch. etc., 93, 6, 8, 15, 19, 22. 27. 133; 98, 172; 00, 80, 82, 192; Lewis, Charlton T., as philosopher, poet and philanthropist, 04, 581. Lewis, Herbert W., and charities of D. C., 06, 228. Lexow investigation and police honest men before they went on the force, 98, 261. Licenses, liquor, power to revoke, 96, 27. Licentiousness, Roman, 06, 14. Lieber's Ethics of Politics on cause of crime, 03, 147. Life tenure of office, not necessarily good, 81, 188. Lincoln, Abraham, in poverty, 99, 24; on trust in poor men, 98, 264. Lincoln, Roland C., and A. C. employment bureaus, 97, 215. Lindsey, Ben B., on juv. cts.. 06, 124, 164, 400; on contributory delinquency, 04, 273. Little Citizens League of Denver, 04, 572. Little Helpers, Catholic Sisterhood, 06, 534. Little Ireland. in Ill., 88, 427. Livingston, Edward and N. Y. H. of Ref. 93, 144; and the La., prison code, 97, 459. Loan Assn., W'kingmen's, Boston, 95, 5, 7; bureau, N. Y., 95, 7: provident, soc., N. Y., 94, 303; 95, 7, 507. Lobsters, govt. care of, 05, 577. Local govt. bd., England. 04, 6. Local option by townships disastrous, Vt., 05, 82. Loch, C. S., "if citizens be friends," 04, 494; on German vs. English communities, 04, 121; on relief by special wk., 95, 10; on char. org. as love with discernment, 99, 287. Locke, (England, 1705), on parish lab. sch., 84, 208. Lock-up, the village, 00, 45; condemnation of, for cause by St. bd. of Minn., 99, 71; cremation of prisoners in, 00, 47. Lock-ups and jails, 00, 44; controlled by St. bd. of char., Minn., 00, 328. Lodge, Mrs., Boston and friendly visiting, 93, 92. Lodging houses for boys and girls, N. Y., 77, 66; cheap, 92, 376; free for women, 74, 23; for homeless women, Brooklyn, 04, 245; municipal, 04, 155; equipment and methods, 04,, 156, 158; inuividual treatment essential, 04, 161; time limit and work test, 04, 161. municipal and C. 0., 04, 148; as part of a system of treatment of wayfarer's, 04, 148; co-operation of public authorities in, 04, 150; cooperation of police and general public, 04, 152. Loeb, memorial home for convalescents, 05, 208. Lombroso, on criminal traits, 90, 246; 97, 54. Long Day, the, 06, 332. Longworth, Nicholas, and the unworthy poor, 89, 241. Lord Chancellor, (England), supreme guardian of infants, 04, 362. Losses by injudicious methods in char. and corr.. hundreds of millions annually, 96, 10. Louisiana State Lottery as cause of distress, 90, 93. Louisville C. O. S., and its work, 95, 93; after results of winter of 1893-94, 95, 95; tornado relief, 90, 49. Love, antidote for every social ill, 00, 24. Love is fulfilling of the law, a recent motion, 9/4, 215. Love to man means personal interest, 02, 18. Lowell, Mrs. C. R., on amount of relief, 96, 267; on increase of insts. for ch., 88, 268; on social welfare, 99, 6: and the N. Y. St. Bd. of Char., 92, 219; 93, 12, 13, 24, 30. Lowman, Dr. J. C. and t. b. in Cleveland, 05, 491. Low wages and poverty, 04, 227. Lubbock, on pauperism originating in disease, 98, 322. Lunacy commission, in Md., 88, 334; in Minn., 81, 34.

Page  158 158 CUMULATIVE INDEX.,Lunacy laws, collection of, (Harrison's), 92, 96. Lusk, Ireland, model prison, 86, 92; Luther on giving to worthy and unworthy, 89, 38; on liberty of the christian, 97, 354. Lwolff, Dr., and ins. colony at Ainay, 02, 188. Lycurgus as an athlete, 98, 313; and education, 95, 240; on legislation, 85, 225. Lyman, Sch., Mass., wk. of, 90, 368. Lynch, Dr. James P., and half the world insane, 05 414. Lynn, fire, 93, 85; see also Relief in Emergencies. M. McClaughry, Major, on convict parentage, 95, 232; on abandonment of corporal punishment, 86, 98. McCook, Prof. J. J., and literature re. tramps, 92, 328. McCulloch, Oscar C., and charity, 98, 482; and labor that produces, 90, 223; and St. Bds. etc., 93, 38; 90, 99; 99, 274; memorial tributes to, 92, 230; and no army of paupers, 98, 207. McGee, Dr. W. J., on anthropology the youngest of the sciences, 05, 359. McKechnie, on good of humanity as end of St., 04, 183. McKim, Randolph, on extermination of incorrigibles, 04, 445. McKinley, President, letter from, 98, xxvii; 01, 337. McLaren, on life as newness of the individual cell, 98, 311. McSweeney, Gov. of S. C., message on ch. lab., 02, 95. Macaulay, T. B., on numbers supported by charity in England, in 1847, 88, 267; the different Macaulays, 92, 247; on the rejected possible, 03, 14; and the stained glass window made of scraps, 04, 416; on utilization of enthusiasm, 90, 3. Mackay, Thomas, on O. D. R., 00, 262. Mackonochie, Captain, and the convict settlements, 04, 3; and individual treatment of convicts, 02, 533; on his prison system as adapted to the U. S., 00, 104. Magruder, Rev. J. W., and the A. C., of Portland, Me., 06, 342. Management, corr. of errors in, 83, 39. Man by man, mode of work, 03, 19. Mann, Horace, on value of saving boy, 84, 111; on ins. as wards of St., 90, 253; 01, 164. Manual training; correlation of sch. wk., 88, 274; and crime, 85, 445; for imbeciles, 85, 446; influence on character of, 88, 272; mental value of accurate and of artistic wk., 88, 276; in sch. districts of Kan., 03, 52; St. manual training Louis Sch. of, 82, 257; 84, 358; vs. trade teaching, 04, 513. Manual training with white ch., 04, 250; Americanized, Swedish Sloyd, 04, 251; experiences with at Lyman sch., 04, 251; special adaptability of, for del. boy, 04, 252; instances of effects of, 04, 251; trained teachers needed for, 04, 256. Marcella and Manda Hood, 96, 253; and her failure, 99, 27. Marcus Aurelius, on independence, 05, 466. Margaret, mother of criminals, 75, 78; 80, 227; 82, 178; 91, 224; 92, 248. Marriage, consanguineous, 77, 86, 93, 94; no. and effects of, in U. S., and abroad, 06, 263. defectives, prevention of, 99, 406, 409, 410; and habitual drunkards prevention in 0., 04, 92; of imbecile, f. m., or epi. prohibited, 96, 26; laws, chaotic and lax, 02, 21; license issued to known mental defectives, penalty for in Minn., 01, 70; restriction, recent attempts at, 01, 200; state regulation of, 97, 302; of defectives a physiological sin, 97, 305; national marriage law urged, 97, 308; regulation to avert defectiveness, 05, 534. Marsh, Mrs. Anna, and bequests for the poor insane, 93, 421. Marshall, Prof., Alfred, on trades unions, 96, 145; on the caste spirit, 96, 148. Martin, Sarah, pioneer prison reformer, 04, 143. Marx and the verdammte Bediirfnisslosigkeit, 96, 114. Married vagabonds, see Desertion. Massachusetts and her pub. char., 05, 432. association for promoting interests of bl., 04, 419. civic league, 03, 482. exhaustive report on insts. 84, 29. industrial schools, 84, 213. infant asylum, 89, 1. insts. and supplementary wk., 86, 131. Massie, James, pioneer prison reformer, Ont., 04, 112. Materialism too easy, makes man out of mud, 01, 13. Material progress cannot save a state that is morally corrupt, 02, 338. Maudsley, Dr. Henry, on classes of criminals, 88, 86; on confinement of ins., 80, 171; on insane criminals, 88, 87; on manufacture of lunatics and criminals, 98, 307; on destiny made by ancestors, 04, 413. Maxwell St. settlement, Chicago, 96, 117. Mayo-Smith, investigation of causes of unemployment, 99, 146.

Page  159 1874 TO 1906. 159 Mazzini on soul as starting pt., 90, 91. Measles in insts., 06, 177. Meath, Earl, of, on German labor colonies, 91, 171. Medical aid, free, for the poor, 06, 168. Medical charities, 75, 52; 77, 31; abuse of, 75, 52; 78, 44; 98, 320; benefit of, to public, 77, 31; evils of gratuitous help, 77, 32; experiences, re., 75, 57; danger of pauperizing, 77, 32; 75, 53; convalescents homes needed, 77, 34; in Chicago, 80, xlix; in Boston, N. E. Hosp., for women and ch., 81, 88; N. E. female medical sch., 81, 88; in Cincinnati, O., 78, 44; diet kitchens, not soup kitchens, 77, 32. dispensaries: 77, 32; the early, 98, 320; lines of reform needed in, 98, 327; in relation to medical education, 98, 328; remedial measures proposed in Pa., 98, 344; investigations farcial 98, 439; rules of N. Y., dispensary, 98, 440; operation on a wellto-do patient, care of, 98, 440; malingerers in, 77, 34; religious societies, relations to, 98, 332; first hospital, leper asylum. refuge for blind, free dispensary, all christian, 98, 333; motives of medical charity, 98, 333; St. Bartholomew's clinic, N. Y., 98, 335; in N. Y., 98, 336; attempts to restrict abuses of, 98, 336; proposed laws and opinions on them, 98, 339; hospitals the sch. of nurses, 98, 331; hospital homes for ch. with chr. disease, 77, 35; evil effects of overcostly bldgs., 77, 35; preventive, 83, 428; pri. benevolence best, 83, 432; seclusion of contagious disease, 83, 429. Medical mission of Edinburgh, 99, 20. Medical O. D. R., in Mass., 78, 32. Medical relief as given in Cuba, 01, 387. Medical students in C. O. S. wk., 05, 510; at Johns Hopkins, 05, 515. Medicines; co-operative purchase of, in Phila., 06, 530; patent, and the poor, 06, 530. Mendicant traveling, 86, 415. Mendicity of S. Italy, 90, 97. Mental defectives among criminals, % of, 84, 256. Mental defect not clearly recognized, 95, 464. Merit system in pub. insts., 96, 368, 382; 97, 9-12; causes of public apathy towards, 96, 386; dishonesty of the spoils system, 96, 368; England in advance of America in, 96, 371; experience and theory, 96, 378, explanation of the term, 96, 382; Merit System history of the merit system, 96, 370; limitations of, 96, 386; patronage, 96, 372; effects of, in almshouses, 96, 374; in jails, 96, 375; summary, 96, 381; see also Spoils system and Civil Service reform. Merrill, Mrs. Anna C., woman chaplain of penitentiary, 85, 50; Merxplas, Belgian Col., for vagrants, 91, 168. Methods of char., obsolescence of, 03, 8. Mettray, France, 90, 200; 04, 328; and de Metz, 80, 187, 213. Mettray, Netherlands, 04, 328; plan unsuited to U. S., for lack of material for officers, 84, 95. Mexico, delegate from, 98, 445; special report from, 00, 379. Merrill, General, on demoralizing life of soldiers, 92, 24. Miami Indians, extermination of, 92, 48. Michigan. ch. and St., 88, 262; cunstitution of as to char., 02, 360; county agents wk. with ch., 88, 271; discussed in French senate, 88, 262; governor of, on St. bd. of char., 02, 360; leader of sts. in ch. wk., 88, 263; merits of Mich. system, 88, 270. Microbe, a social leveller, 96, 259. Migrants, interstate, usually recent immigrants, 95, 488; and tramps, laws affecting, 97, 335; laws re. non-resident paupers, 97, 355; laws, re. tramps, by groups of sts., 97, 359; paupers, returning, 92, 379; case of, 92, 385. Migration of invalids, 92, 90; instances of, 92, 91; consumptives in Denver, 92, 92; lack of adequate provision. 92, 92; misapplied char. in sending, 92, 90; assisted from Eastern states, 87, 304; interstate, 95, 248; 98, 262; of paupers, 92, 76, 377; removal of paupers, 92, 84: opinions on, 92, 80; ratio of pauperism in different states, 95, 249; char. assisted migration of, 95, 250, 251; federal law needed, 95. 255; 98, 265; newer sts., a fresh population, 95, 249; weaker left behind, 95, 249. Milk and tuberculosis, 99, 125; ordinance in, Minneapolis, 99, 128. Milk, pure, commission on, St. Louis, 04, 66. Mill, John Stuart, on each country the govt., it deserves, 02, 416; on protection of ch. by St., 03, 178. Milroy, Indian agent and destruction of Indians by annuities, 92, 48. Milton, John, on a free commonwealth, 98, 237. Miners' hosps. W. Va., progress in, 02, 102.

Page  160 160 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Minimic, Cheyenne Chief, 92, 45. Minnesota, wealth and advantages of, 06, 527. Minority reports, advantages of to conference, 03, 526. Mis-education of street play, 86, 54. Missions as salvation traps, 89, 38. Missouri, St. bd. of char. for, plan of, 83, 136. Mitchell, Sir Arthur, and family care of ins., 83, 136; on increase of ins. in Ireland, 98, 269; on value of lunacy bds., 94, 207. Mitchell, Sir W., on useful teaching of feeble minded, 93, 215. Mitchell, Dr. Weir, on Supts. of hosps. for ins., 00, 87; on drugs, vs. regulating of life, 01, 387. Mixed support of insts. in N. Y., 83, 57. Monasteries, as refuges for ins. in dark ages, 01, 157. Montana, territorial prison described, 84, 379. Mont de Piete, (pawnshop), 95, 507. Montefiore, Jr., and the almshouse, 98, xxxii. Montesquieu, and penal jurisprudence, 81, 253. Monuments to St. pride and folly, (large hosps. for ins.), 83, 52. Moody on convert who wanted to realize in ready funds, 00, 272. Moral education, 87, 247. Moral imbecile, case of, 94, 310; as Gibeonite, 90, 444. See also Feeble minded. Moral protection of female inmates of insts., 05, 47. Moral reform in Ont., 97, 347; advanced liquor legislation, 97, 351; Sunday, day of rest, well marked, 97, 347. Morbidity of sch. ch., increasing with their age, 03, 151. More, Sir Thomas, on punishment reformative, 86, 123. Morel, Dr., and researches on propagation of defectives, 04, 415. Morgan, General and Indian education, etc., 92, 30, 63, 65. Morley, John, on humanitarian revival, 96, 258. Mormon chh. female rel. soc., 92, 275. Morris, William, as friend to labor, 96, 263. Morse, Miss Frances, on registration, 01, 312. Mortality rate and crowding, 06, 584. Mortality rate, infant in Phila., 06, 585. Mosaic code on sanitation, 99, 149; on training ch., 95, 238. Moscow, village industries in, 97, 246. Mother Bikerdike, 95, 459. Mothers' clubs of the v. nurses, 05, 610. rights in ch., same as father's, Mass., 03, 63. at night work, evils of, 05, 149; Mothers with infants, placing out of, 06, 46; in jails, N. Y., 06, 50. Mother State, The, 97, 8. Motive in char. wk., 03, 4; personal salvation as, 03, 6; effects of lack of proper, 03, 7. Mount Joy, Dublin, cellular prison, 86, 92. Muller, Dr. (Augsburg), on heredity in feeble-mindedness, 04, 391. Muller, Max, on speech and reason, 06, 252. Mulry, Thomas M., and placing out of ch., 05, 126; and his report on ch., helping, 03, 181; 06, 93, 94. Municipal charities, 88, 160; 98, 198; 00, 106; administration of, 98, 198; good, means good govt., 98, 198; centralizing tendencies in, 00, 106; control by mayor, 98, 200; ch. in insts., 88, 164; govt. by committee, 88, 166; control by politics of baser sort, 88, 169; salaried officials vs. unpaid bds., 98, 200; necessity of pub. char. indicates social disease, 98, 205; statements of, in various cities, 98, 113; of New York, 98, 212; system that appeals is one that does things, 98, 212; death rate of infants reduced, 98, 213; party organization gets good men, 98, 215; Tammany democrat in charge, 98, 215; business men think the Dept. public prey, 98, 217. Municipal charity, the Gd. Rapids experiment, 98, 206; attitude to the poor, 98, 207; results beneficial, 98, 210. Municipal and Co. charities, 96, 272; 98, 106; poor relief, municipal in N. E., 98, 107; relation of to commonwealth, 96, 272; taxpayers charities, 96, 273. Municipal correction, 88, 160; prisons, and charities of Boston, 83, 94; of N. Y. City, 83, 100. Municipal intervention its due limits, 98, 463; obligations it incurs, 98, 463; institution-phobia, 98, 463; boarding out ch., 98, 464. Municipal misrule, darkest chapter concerns almshouse, 98, 108. Municipal voters league, Chicago, 04, 494. Municipality, its interference in behalf of its wards, 98, 375; merciful statutory law to protect against merciless natural 'law, 98, 375; need of high standard of citizenship, 98, 376; how far should municipality go, 98, 377. Munsterburg, Dr. E., on field of the poor law, 97, 257; and his voluntaey assistants in poor relief wk. of Berlin, 05, 400, 576.

Page  161 1874 to 1906 161 Murder in second degree, law of N. C., 96, 78. Murder of the innocents in insts., 89, 227. N. Naples, people of, in U. S., 88, 435. Napoleon, on need of mothers, 94, 164. NATIONAL Bureau of Charities and correction needed, 01, 115; statistics its chief work, 01, 115; general welfare clause of constitution, re. 01, 117. bureaus of agriculture, education, and labor, 01, 114. government, none in U. S. for internal affairs, 05, 377. junior republic suggested, 00, 303. legislation, special field of, 01, 112. loan office, Mexico, 01, 110. spirit in dealing with all subjects, 03, 1. statistical work on char. and corr., 02, 366. total cost of char. and corr. estimated 96, 17. Native white stock, deterioration of, 05, 170; usurpation of by immigrants, 05, 571. Nativities of inmates of insts., in N. Y., 97, 282. Nebraska, anomalous conditions in, 03, 72. Need of skill and experience in inst. officials, 00, 28. NEEDY FAMILIES, 01, 284; 03, 297; 04, 603; 06, 325; broken families, 01, 285, building up family life, 01, 284; cooperation with labor organizations, 04, 604; co-operation with churches, 04, 605; convince citizens of responsibility for, 01, 372; deep religious convictions needed, 04, 605; organized charity, and, 03, 297, agency a general one, 03, 299; its aim to uplift the people helped, 03, 301: what a C. 0. S., is, 03, 298; what families it should treat, 03, 299; records of, and their use, 04, 533; hard and fast rules, hurtful, 04, 534; new groupings and results, 04, 535; classification of cases, 04, 536; relieve need, and destroy it, 01, 284; study of people at close range, 04, 604; view point of the individual, 04, 603; working with, not for, 04, 603; see also Organization of Chariti, etc. Neff, William Howard, memorial, 03, 94. NEGRO, American, the future of, 87, 167; at best, a tractable child, 04, 86; child race, 04. 264; craving of, for land, 87, 159; deterioration, physical, of since freedom, 03, 541; drink his worst foe 87, 159; farm work the best for, 04, 86; improved by slavery, 03, 540; insanity, since freedom, 03, 540; insanity and t. b., since freedom, 04, 84; problem of, 04, 268; problem, a Southern one, N Rao 02, 1; problem the white man's burden of the South, 03, 457; reformatory in Va., 99, 412; slavery was a forced dead level, 87, 167; tendencies since the war, 96, 459. Negroes, crime of, in Ga., 04, 257; example of the whites as cause, 04, 263; misdemeanors, and felonies, 0 260; ratio of arrests in city and country, 04, 258, 260. Neighborhood house, Balto. opened, 99, 65; dispensary at, 06, 173. Neighborhood improvement, 95, 101; 04, 456; effects of building laws, 95, 103; evils of building laws, 95, 103; evils of absenteeism, 95, 104; friends in citizenship and neighborship, 04, 494; municipal activities tendency to, 04, 486; homes and parks, 04, 493; public schools as centers of, 04, 458, 493; new towns poorly built and sewered, 95, 105; overcrowding in small manufacturing towns, 95, 103; pavements for courts and alleys, 95, 106; re-discovery of America, demanded, 04, 487; search for causes of need, 95, 101; settlements and, 04, 457; three fundamental insts. for, 04, 486. Neighborhood work, 06, 367; national meaning of, 06, 376; settlements in, 04, 608. Nerva, and public aid to ch., 05, 125. Neuropathic diathesis, the, 84, 241. Newbold, Professor, on determination of the type, 04, 411; 01, 192. New Hampshire, reform sch. of, 83, 463. New Jersey, difficulties of, from being a residence state, 04, 312. New Jersey Review of char. and corr., 02, 78. Newman, John Henry, on waiting to do things perfectly, 96, 341. Newsboys night school, Kansas City, 84, 355. Newspaper, English, class in reading, 96, 119. New York City, A. I. C. P., 93, 100; C. O. S. in, 83, 126; insts. of, 78, 63; missions, first nurses, 05, 262; municipal charities of, 83, 100. Nichols, Sir George, on method of charity affecting social conditions, 99, 6; on relief to the able bodied as precaution, 04, 153. Nightingale, Florence, and improved hospitals, 78, 135; and schs. of nursing, 78, 143; in the Crimea, 90, 140; 95, 277; on moral effects of trained nurses, 95, 256; on dearth of trained women, 90, 134; on happiness of nurses, 90, 137; as inspirer of Sister Dora, 99, 19; on the sick poor, 02, 213; and Dr. Howe, 02, 525. Night school, free, (settlement), 96, 117. Nil admirari is death, 95, 15.

Page  162 CUMUI4TIVE INDEX. Nocard's experiment on t. b., cattle, 96, 352. Nomenclature of char. changing, 06, 325. Non-partisan bds. and politics, 02, 8. Nordau, Max, on mental break-down by shock, 97, 16. Normal, definition of the term, 01, 192. North Carolina, marked advance in char. and corr. in decade, 03, 87. Nova Scotia, first report from, 02, 112. Norway reformatories for youth in, 84, 194; family care for ins. in, 02, 186. NURSE AND NURSES: and physicians in pub. sch., 05, 273; first med. inspection, 05, 273; object, exclusion, 05, 274; new theory, inclusion, 05, 277; routine of work, 05, 276; at San Francisco, after fire, 06, 557; bureau of information of, 90, 147; colored, training sch. for, 91, 357; district, 94, 97; 02, 200; association of, 94, 97; connection with A. C., Dela., 04, 30; house to house began in Germany, 02, 202; great return on money invested in, 02, 204; in co-operative work, 05. 280; matter of understanding, 05, 284; other organizations and, 05, 281; loan closet for, 94, 99; routine of work of, 02, 203; societies in U. S., list of, 02, 205; type of woman needed for, 94, 99; see also District Nursing and Visiting Nursing. hands, are the physician's hands, lengthened, 90, 144; in almshouse hospital, 95, 490, 491, 276; need of 95, 278; at Tewkesbury, 95, 280; queen's jubilee inst. for, 06, 191; Victorian order of, in Canada, 06, 194; registered, certificate for, 04, 51; examination of and certificate for, in N. C., 04, 83; trained, among the sick poor, 90, 110; 95, 259; demand for, increasing faster than supply, 90, 118; experiences of, 90, 113; in hosps. for ins., 90, 115, 127; 94, 102; in Philadelphia, 94. 102; benefits to patients, 94, 103; benefits to the public, 94, 104; luxury for the rich, a, 90, 116; methods of work of, 90, 112; moral influence of in hosps., 95, 256; of N. Y. City mission, 90, 110; 95, 260; in settlement work, 95, 264; training schools for, 78, 141; 86, 408; 90, 110, 140; 94, 94; age to enter, 90, 148; age to retire, 90, 153; household economy in, 90, 151; loyalty to, 90, 149; methods of char. nursing, 90, 125; need of educated women for, 94, 94; of the future, 90, 115; opposition to by politicians, 90, 142; obligations to, of the nurses, 90, 149; post-graduate course of, 90, 147; results in Milwaukee, 90, 141, NURSE AND NURSES training schools, cont'd 147; St. char. aid, and, 90, 140; superintendents of nurses, 90, 150; theory and practice in, 94, 94; thoroughness of training, 90, 129; uniform standard of information needed, 90, 147; mission, in Japan, 94, 101; visiting, educational opportunity of, in prevention of disease, 06, 185. Nursery Assn. of R. I., giving up inst. for home finding work, 01, 92. Nursery maids, training sch. for, 90, 437. NURSING: colored, 91, 357, 358; in Washington, D. C., 95, 337; district; 02, 518; 05, 611; in Chicago, 02, 521; in Concord, N. H., 02, 523: in Denver, 02, 518; in Detroit, 02, 521; in London, 95, 273; in Providence, 01, 91; quality of women needed for, 05, 612; tables of in the U. S., 05, 285; instructive, assn. for, 90, 145; see also Nursing, visiting; science of, 90, 130; scientific, requirements of, 90, 132; advantages of, 90, 139; importance of good nurses,, 90, 137; methods of instruction, 90, 135; visiting, 05, 257, 605; association of, Chicago, 94, 340; associations for, 05, 62; associations having v. nurses, 05, 266; as auxiliary health inspectors, 05, 271; bds. of managers for, 05, 605; co-operation of, with A. C., 05, 608, 610; demonstration in cities, 05, 271; economic factor, as, 05, 263; educational work of, 06, 185, 189, 535, 536; fees from patients, 05, 266; hourly nurse plan, 05, 261; illustrative cases, 05, 268; knowledge of sanitary laws needed, 05, 267; mothers' clubs org. by, 05, 610; national assn. of, needed, 06, 190; nurses carefully chosen for, 05, 264; nurses settlements and, 05, 609; opportunities of, 05, 615; responsibility in, 05, 259; salaries of, on a char. basis, 05, 265; social training of nurses for, 05, 605; specialized branch of nursing, 05, 258; special training for, needed, 06, 194; with out-patient work of hosps. in N. Y. City, 05, 258; work in Chicago, 05, 607. 0. O'Connor, Charles, and the N. Y. Juv. asy., 06, 114. Occupations for women, 00, 219. Octavia Hill, and proper homes for children, 77, xxviii; see Hill, Octavia; Oddfellows Home, Ind., 00. 306. Odescalchi, Cardinal, (1686), industrial school of, 84, 208.

Page  163 1874 TO 1906. 163 Offenders, dealt with as human beings, 06, 107; inst; methods with, 06, 119; see Criminals. Official positions held by settlement residents, 96, 134. Oklahoma, settling of, 90, 318; effects of on the Indians, 90, 320. Old age honored, 06, 14. Old Bailey, London, hangings, etc., 85, ' 12; Old Black Kettle and his Cheyennes, 92, 49. Old Ladies' home at Mobile, 02, 27. Old Oregon, Indians of, 05, 469; forest growth in, 05, 471. Oliver's dangerous trades, 03, 147, 341. Oliver Twist and Uncle Tom and insts., 04, 335. Opere pie, (pious foundations) of Italy, 91, 180. Opium, methods to restrict use of, 83, 424. Optimism of Conference, 93, 28. Ophthalmia from damp floors, 85, 188. Oregon's needs for children, 05, 130. O'Reilly, John Boyle, and the real good, 92, 229. ORGANIZATION OF CHARITY: for committee reports and discussions see in alphabetical finding list (part 1.), Charity Organization; Needy families in their homes; Organization of charities in cities and Organization of charity. acting for public officials, 87, 34; adaptation of to small communities, 83, 72; 86, 169, 174; 87, 135; less char. and more need in small towns, 03, 550; plan for in a small city, 87, 140; aspect of in a large city, 86, 173; assembly of C. O. S., the, as a social science association, 81, 142; assistant of the church, 96, 252; associated charities, of Atlanta, 05, 43; Columbus, 0., 00, 350; Denver, 02, 389; Kansas City, 02, 389; Omaha, 02, 71; Oranges, N. J., 02, 393; St. Johns, N. B., 02, 110; see also Charity Organization Societies, lists of; the message of, 01, 327; beggars and mendicants, and, 81, 115; bibliography of, 93, appendix, L. case records, value of, 04, 224; to secure adequate and fit relief, 04, 225; see also Statistics of; case work, the demand of, 96, 245; causes of pauperism alleged, 81, 115; of poverty, 91, 114; of poverty in faults of character, 03, 550; center of information, 99, 289; charge of "red tape" against, 92, 333; charity organization societies, Balto., 90, 373; 06, 215; Buffalo, 83, 73; Concord, N. H., 04, 72; 05, 68; 06, 44; Cuba, first effort, 01, 105; in Col., 02, 29; Lafayette, Ind., 06, ORGANIZATION OF CHARITY 27; Lexington, Ky., 00, 309; Lincoln, Neb., 06, 42; in N. C., 04, 87; 06, 57; N. Y., 83, 126; 06, 326; in Ohio, 06, 47; Philadelphia, 83, 121; Seattle, 06, 73; Spokane, 06, 73; lists of, 81, 101; 83, 70, 76; 93, 94; churches opportunity in, 84, 68; classes requiring special treatment by, 97, 148; communities, need to be studied for, 02, 272; constructive work of, present program, 05, 347; co-operation, 81, 109; 88, 125; 96, 335; 98, 435; and combination to avert pauperism, 91, 118; internal, 92, 429; a necessity, 92, 428; with public authorities and religious societies, 92, 430; with special relief efforts, 97, 224; non-charity-organizationperson in, 99, 477; see also Co-operation, charitable; cost of organization, 81, 117; danger of diversion from main purpose, 99, 291; dangers from a corrupt poor fund, 97, 169; democracy of neighborly service, 99, 278; direct propaganda of, needed, 97, 179; district wk. organization, etc., see Methods; duty of, 95, 80; each society a centre of information, 97, 181; economy of creative energy, 96, 249; educating force of, 92, 449; educational work of, 88, 123; effects of, on insts., 89, 21; on laws, 89, 21; 98, 432; advance in char., 98, 430; in sanitation and education, 98, 435; in improved tenement conditions, 96, 239; see also Results. employment of the poor, 81, 113; employment offices, 86, 181; free, town labor bureaus in Germany, 98, 492; essentials of, 94, 298; 99, 291; essential principles, 96, 249; three things to do, 96, 235; experiment in Grand Rapids, 97, 170; extensive and intensive features of, 02, 394; facts and possibilities of family to be known, 96, 244; families made self-supporting, 87, 135; families cared for by friendly visitors, 88, 129; see also Families and Family; fear of red tape, 95, 85; field of work of, 92, 205; financial support, how obtained, 97, 220; see Finance, charitable; future of, the, 83, 150; history of in U. S., 92, 204; 93, 52; beginnings in Germantown and Buffalo, 93, 54; growth and development on two types, 93, 60, 61; gains of

Page  164 164 CUMULATIVE INDEX. ORGANIZATION OF CHARITY history of, cont'd the year, 91, 116; origin of, 87, 346; other cities beginnings in, 93, 55; progress of, 87, 125; situation in 1893, 94, 21; twenty years of progress, 99, 275; how to further, 97, 177; ideal communities, and, 99, 278; individual influence utilized, 81, 130; investigation, 88, 126; examples of, 03, 551; and individual treatment, 95, 496; a means to make help more efficient. 03, 552; not to detect fraud, 03, 552; not personal, 98, 434; value of, 83, 144; later functions of work, 02. 393; leadership of, 05, 516, 517, 521; line between org. and unorg. 04, 188; making friends before distress begins, 98, 489; needs time and patience, 98, 489; methods: of administration, 02, 270; brief statement of, 85, 316; Buffalo, early plan of, 81, 192; case committee, functions of, 84, 71; case work of districts, 81, 128; central work plan, best, 81, 192; clearing house for charities, 81, 105; Chicago methods, 85, 331; conferences, 91, 112; conferences, constitution and duties of, 81, 124; consultations, 92, 333; criticism of differing methods with same name, 81, 138; district associations, 81, 107; district committees, 81, 126; 83, 148; district or centralized plan, advantages of each, 97, 191, 192; Elberfeld municipal system, 96, 251; executive committee, functions of, 84, 72; non-relief giving plan preferred, 92, 435; organization of society, methods of, 89, 266; society composed of societies, 04, 191; individuality with representation, 04, 192; society standing alone, 04, 190; Philadelphia plan, 81, 141; principles relating to methods, 96, 249; reports, system of, 81, 102; uniformity of methods desirable, 87, 127; mission of char. misunderstood, 96, 243; mission work, principle applied to, 00, 271; money crudely applied, 00, 273; example of in Ala.. black belt, missionary soc., 00, 274; names, C. 0. S., and A. C., 81, 100; negative work less emphasized than formerly, 05, 345; new emphasis in, 05, 344; new and brilliant schemes, caution re. 96, 247; objects of, 84, 65; restore natural relations of man to man, 84, 65; to study mechanism of society, 88, 66; ORGANIZATION OF CHARITY objects of, cont'd not to capture all social movements, 02, 394; opposition to in England, 90, 375; organization great demand for, 91, 109; 99, 284; originality, beware of, 99, 286; place of a relief society in co-opera-. tion, 84, 334, 338; practical side of, 92, 211; preparedness of, 04, 188; preventive wk. of, 88, 122; preventive and curative wk., 87, 136; three classes of service, 87, 136; present requirements of, 92, 208; principles of, 95, 495; applied to a whole state, 03, 549; fundamental, stated, 89, 11; underlying, 83, 143; stand for accepted lines of action, 96, 245; applied to mission work for negroes, 00, 271; private and public char. organized, 91, 115; 97, 168, 175; professional workers in, 83, 147; 03, 561; duty of, 84, 70; cases of professional wk., 03, 561; paid agents good, but most char. wk. always by volunteers, 03, 564; salaries usually insufficient, 03, 561; training and professional standards, 02, 270; purpose of, 81, 100; referring case, meaning of, 84, 334; registration, 81, 116; value of, 83, 144; see also Methods; relations of to social problems, 91, 118; to industry, 96, 241; to public and private relief, 85, 336; to strikes, 96, 242; to organized labor, 05, 458; relief agency, C. 0. S., as a direct, 00, 263; relief work of, 98, 490; abundant means available for, 99, 280; charity includes relief, 02, 266; C. O. S., not a relief society, 83, 146; 02, 265; dangers attending relief wk., 84, 77; efficiency the test of relief, 02, 267; employment as relief, 88, 121; 98, 491; methods of relief, 81, 112; 90, 38; money help often needed, 92, 435; new relief agencies, 81, 116; reduction of 0. D. R., 96, 239; relief a low benefit, 87, 138; relief obtained for, not given, 81, 127; relief and prevention together, 02, 265; statistics of reduction of O. D. R., in Buffalo, 81, 195; substitute for 0. D. R., 81, 165; results of, 00, 252; in Boston, 81, 121; estimates of success by a percentage, 85, 317; general results, 83, 149; permanent results, 90, 42; schedule of questions for report, 93, 94; schemes for self-help, 86, 176; the creche, 81, 193; 86, 176; labor and employment offices, 86, 181; Fitch in

Page  165 1874 to ORGANIZATION OF CHARITY stitute, Buffalo, 81, 194: school, a, and a discipline, 95, 497; school of asceticism and school of industry, 98, 436; scope of work of, 91, 110; scope and influence of, 96, 248; small communities see Adaptation of; social consciousness to be developed, 02, 272; social functions of, 96, 251; social settlements and C. 0. S., 02, 302; their relations, 02,_302; lack of enthusiasm for each other, 02, 302; origin of both in same city about same time, 02, 303; coming together in U. S., 02, 304; cordial feeling in Chicago, 02, 305; co-operation of in N. Y., on tenements and tuberculosis, 02, 313; special committee of conference on, 98, 483; standard of living, study of, 02, 393; statistics of, 87, 128; value of, 90, 31; effective reforms founded on, 90, 32; survey of existing societies, 89, 11; suggestions from the St. V. de P. Soc., 81, 130; tendency of the movement, 95, 80; transportation, charitable, 96, 240; unwise help, 92, 331; universities, the, and C. O. S., 90, 373; attention to charity problems, by, 89, 11; volunteer workers, need of patience and training, 03, 564; emphasis on training, 03, 565; friendly visitors, 87, 132; 88, 127; 91, 112; see also Friendly visitors; expert personal service in demand, 05, 346; contrast between professional and untrained not between paid and unpaid, 03, 565; personal charity aided by organization, 92, 454; use of volunteers in fire relief, Lynn, 90, 40; Western, status of, 88, 293; 02, 295, 386; reason for apparently slower development than in East, 02, 295; vital need not felt, 02, 296; trust in laissez faire methods, 02, 297; 'sea of almsgiving," not deep, 02, 300; societies do much, so-called outside work, 02, 300; Woods, Robert A., on C. 0. S., and its tools, 02, 311. Orphans' low mortality of Irish, boarded out, 84, 130; see Children dep. etc. etc. Out door poor, Mass. dept. of, 90, 74. OUT-DOOR RELIEF abolition of, in Brooklyn, 81, 149; 88, 142; cases of abolition or reform, 94, 114; in Philadelphia, 81, 149; 96, 477; not followed by increase of almshouse population, 81, 147; when abolished was because of mal-administration, 95, 62; see also reduction of; 1896. 165 OUT DOOR RELIEF administration of, 82, 282; methods of, 77, 47; abuses not essential to system, 88, 152; abuses should be remedied, 91, 32; administration by volunteer agents, 77, 48; Elberfeld plan of unpaid workers, 77, 47; increase in amount under volunteer system, 77, 54; cannot be administered without evil, 91, 37; classification ot those entitled to, 77, 111; 80, 256; 88, 142; sick, 80, 256; foundlings and destitute infants, 80, 258; temporary poor, 80, 258; examinations become mechanical, 91, 39; impossible in large cities, without evil, 79, 269; local with St. supervision, 80, 256; work test in Cleveland and Providence, 81, 152, 159; with St. oversight in Mass., 81, 153; and in-door relief, both indispensable, 90, 73, 80; arguments against, 88, 438; 91, 36; increases reliance on a mechanical system, 91, 36; interferes with natural charity, 91, 37; begets and educates paupers, 91, 38; cannot cure pauperism by proxy, 91, 38; does harm to the individual, 91, 39; more costly than pri. char., 91, 40; tends to separate society into classes, 91, 40; menace of political corruption, 91, 40; extinguishes spirit of humanity, 91, 40; fosters communistic doctrine, 91, 40; tends to lower wages, 91, 40; excites hostility to state, 91, 41; demoralizes recipient, official and public, 91, 45; Mrs. Lowell's report on, 88, 147; see also effects of and political corruption from; arguments for, 91, 28; 98, 197; more economical, 91, 29; levied by taxation, is an equal burden, 88, 152; 91, 29; leads to self-support, 91, 30; saves indiscriminate giving, 91, 33; keeps families together, 91, 35; 05, 519; saves from poor house, 91, 35; discriminate between worthy and unworthy, 81, 135; wise bestowal of relief possible, 05, 519; borrowed from England, 81, 144; Boston overseers report on, 88, 149; conditions of, 94, 106; country districts, need of, in, 84, 156; 157; preferable in, 80, 262; definition of, 90, 73; effects, evil of, 77, 48; 79, 146; 84, 77; 93, 452; destruction of charity, 91, 314; cause of vagrancy, 85, 470; as insurance against results of improvidence, fosters unthrift, 81, 164; always evil in crowded centers, 81, 150; practical examples of, 91, 316; attracts poor to place of relief, 88, 153; permanent fund for the encouragement and promotion of pauperism, 95, 377; economic and moral

Page  166 CUMULATIVE INDEX. OUT Doon RELIEF effects, 90, 81; inherent defects in public alms, 00, 135; dries up private charity, 00, 402; causes increased distress, 79, 205; as largess, 04, 113; bad on agent, 77, 49; increases tendency to dependence, 77, 49; favoritism by, 77, 49; see also arguments against; inadequate relief, evil of, 95, 49; in Brooklyn, beginnings of, 79, 202; increase of, 79, 202; as corruption fund, 79, 203; applicants under oath, 79, 203; volunteer visitors and, 79, 204; illegality of, abandonment of and results, 79, 204; conclusions, 79, 205; see also abolition of; in Buffalo, lavish public alms, 00, 141; see also reduction of; in Calif., 05, 519; controlled by investigation, 05, 520, 595; in Canada, no official system, 97, 239, 242; in Cincinnati, results, 81, 158; in different cities, experiences with, 00, 259; in different states, differs, 00, 402; reports from, 05, 90; in England, commission report, 1834, 81, 145; to able bodied, the master evil, 81, 145; results in England, 81, 146; effects in England in 1832, 88, 144; English problems, 88, 141; centralized administration, 94, 112; in Germany, 94, 111; in Greece and Italy, 90, 94; in Hartford, Conn., special committee report, 94, 112; in Indiana, amount of, 06, 409; before the reform, 94, 239; analysis of reports, 97, 252; model law in, 06, 419; reform law, 96, 37; 97, 249, 393; results of new law, 05, 92, 593; percentages in population of different counties, 97, 253; state supervision of township relief, 97, 249; in large cities, classified statement of, 98, 182; in Mass., 95, 61; medical, 78, 33; importance of, 78, 43, 73; is mandatory, 95, 61; Boston overseers report on, 88, 149; in N. Y. City, 77, xxiii, report on, 77, 46; 78, 53; mixed system, 78, 53; principles of, 78, 54; in Ohio, county system, 96, 481; as a corruption fund, 96, 482; in Philadelphia, results of abolition in 1879, 81, 149; OUT DOOn RELIEF in St. Paul, 96, 264; unique bd. of control, aid rather than maintenance, 96, 264; co-operation with A. C., 96, 267; out of politics, 96, 265; in Soldiers' Homes, 96, 297; in Southern states, none in many of, 81, 145; in United States, 81, 144; in Washington, D. C., 77, 57; is it so very bad; 94, 112; justifiable for short periods only, 91. 38; organized charity, and, 00, 401; relations of, 00, 256; preliminary to other fruitful work, 00, 257; investigations for by A. C. St. Paul, 96, 480; A. C., Oakland, Calif., in charge of O. D. R., 05, 36; co-operation between, prescribed by law in Indiana, 96, 37; 97, 393; co-operation in St. Paul, 96, 267; political corruption fund, a, 77, 49; 82, 282; cases of, 88, 445; use for party ends, 81, 134; public or private, 00, 134; necessary, 00, 134; recipients of, 90, 92; reduction of, instances, 89, 31; by investigation, 82, 382; in Buffalo, 01, 84; in Buffalo by C. 0. S., 00, 345; in N. J., 00, 406; in Ohio, 99, 89; in Indiana, see in 'Indiana; see also abolition of; right to support, dangerous inferences from, 98, 196; should only be by labor, 91, 36; statistics of; in Brooklyn, 1875 to 1877, 81, 148; exact figures impossible, 90, 75; 94, 110; of municipal expenditures, 96, 477; records of, 99, 46; from various states, 94, 115; scope of, 94, 108; tables of relief per capita, in cities of U. S., 00, 144; versus private charity, 04, 601; widows with children, and, 81, 157. Over-conviction, excessive sentences, 86, 81; Overcrowding, in N. Y., 06. 385; of rooms 06, 370, 532; caused by greed, 06, 585, 586; caused by excessive frugality, 06, 586. Oxford undergraduates vacations in Whitechapel, 96, 111. Ozanam and the St. V. de P. Society, 91, 52; in Paris, 04, 505; on help which humiliates and help which honors, 03, 290.

Page  167 THE CUMULATIVE INDEX OF 33 VOLUMES 1874 TO 1906 INCLUSIVE PART 4-TOPICAL INDEX, P TO Z For author's names and titles of papers, see Part 1, (alphabetical finding list.) For explanation of abbreviations see p, 103, Part 2. Note in reference to pages. The year in Italics, the page in Roman, thus 06, 225, 299, signifies pages 225, and 229, in the volume for 1906. P. Packard, Mrs. and lunacy laws of Ill., 97, 165. Packing trades council in Chicago and relief, 05, 460. Padrone system of labor, 90, 280. Paid workers, discussion on, 03, 560; amount of salaries of, 04, 10; et seq. Paine, fellowship, Harvard, 94, 70. Paine, Robert Treat, on a year of prophecy, 06, 452; on the fore-looking prophetic spirit, 01, 364;-? Palmer, Dr. Geo. S.. and col. for ins. Mich., 02, 511, 512. Paracelsus, the vision of, 04, 216. Parasitic industries, what they are, 03, 120; 06, 599. Parasitism, caused by relief, 87, 138. Parasites, prisoners as, 04, 444. Pardon, conditional, 86, 84; of life prisoners, 87, 343; law in N. C., 05, 73. Pardoning power, the, 83, 175; 86, 77. boards of pardons, 86, 86; 87, 66; debate on, 86, 369, 373: doubt of guilt not sufficient reason, 86, 81; dyspeptic judges give dyspeptic sentences, 86, 82; importunity no sign of merit, 86, 85, 88; influence of Gov. Hoadly's paper, 93, 5; instances of crimes and pardons sought, 86, 85; objections to pardoning power, 86, 77; pardon refused because county quota exhausted, 86, 78; pardon on account of approaching death, 86, 79; parole instead of pardon, 86, 83; publicity the remedy, 86, 88. Parentage and marriage, society asleep about, 05, 171; criminal, 88, 421; right of ch. to good parentage, 02, 156. Parental contribution for dep. ch. in homes, 02, 33; delinquency law, vetoed in Pa., 06. 65; depravity, instances of, 75, 78, 79; desertion, 95, 213; 97, 317; causes of, 97, 319; why not punished, 97, 322; [1 Parental Desertion-cont'd. recommendation, 97, 325; laws of different Sts. re, 95, 214; neglect, misdemeanor in Ohio, 00, 349; schools, Balto., 04, 53; new, in Mo., 05, 64; law for, in Utah, 98, 95; law for, in Wash., 04, 107; in Mass., 04, 95. Parents, aged, responsibility of ch. for, in 0., 99, 115; supported by ch. Ky., 06, 29. Parker, Colonel, on the whole boy going to sch., 88, 250; on non-existence of a bad ch., 96, 348. Parker, Miss Anna, and reform of almshouses in N. Y., 92, 13, 14. Parks, small in Balto. how gained, 01, 346; in Louisville, Ky., 04, 44. Parlor conferences, in St. Paul, 94, 248. Parmenter, Judge, and probation in Mass., 97, 460. PAROLE: by bd. of pardons, Idaho, 98, 43; extended to workhouses in Ohio, 02, 89; variously successful, 03, 92; extended to life-timers in Minn., 01, 69; for workhouse prisoners, R. I., 05, 79; first offenders, not in pen, Ore., 05, 77; for pen. convicts, Okla., 05, 77; law, in Mo., 97, 410; for boys, O., 04, 92; in O., 86, 372; working well, Ind., 03, 47; in Kan., 02, 49; 04, 41; in Ky., 04, 44; Neb., 04, 67; N. J., 92, 290; laws, 91, 211; recent, Ohio, 91, 220: legislation watched by criminals who returned to the State when it was enacted, 01, 421; method, adopted in prisons of Iy., 01, 59; officer of the Dom. of Canada, 05, 89; petition for, prohibited in O., 02, 89; premature of del. ch. bad effects of, 97, 429; system in Minn., work of, 04, 63; system for drunks, Mass., 00, 50. Paroled convicts, visitation of, in Minn., 05, 63. Paroled man, right treatment of, and justice to, 01, 417.

Page  168 168 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Parsons, Dr. Frank R., on drug-made insane and voluntary patients, 91, 74, 76. Partisan control, of insts. in Ore., 05, 495; great evil in Ill., 02, 42. See also Spoils and Merit System. Party politics and the insts of Neb., 01, 76. Pascal, Blaise, and love of poverty, 93, 131. Passavant Homes for Epi., 96, 202; 78. Past, present and future of Conference, etc., 02, 1. Pasteur, on conquests of science and peace, 01, 190. Pathological laboratory, in St. hosp. Del., 02, 36; work in hosps. for ins., 97, 291, 288. Patriarchal institution, the, 03, 460. Patrol wagon, invention of, 86, 409; use of, 87, 119. Patrolmen and lodging houses, 04, 159. Patronage, Societe de (after-care of ins.) France, 97, 80. Patterson, Dorothy, (Sister Dora), in hosp. wk. 99. 19. Parvin, Prof. Theo., on obstetric nursing, 90, 131. PAUPER, children in Engd. cost of, 88, 239. definition of, 78, 55; P. a nomad, 90, 30; immigration, effects of act of congress of 1882, 84, 48; records in Mass. to be kept as prescribed by Bd. of St. Char., 01, 65; the word eliminated from 0. poor law, 98, 25. PAUPERS able bodied in almshouse, 89, 215; in N. Y., 77, xxiii; unknown in Ill., 81, 157; and sane, unknown in Wis., 76, 22; assisted emigration of, 76, 170; British legislation on, 76, 177; breeding of, must stop, 99, 151; classification of, 77, 111; 98, 184; 05, 403, 406; Berlin almshouse a model, 98, 186; Birmingham, Engd., discrimination made, 98, 187; different in fact altho alike in law, 98, 184; contracting of, prohibited in Wis., 85, 91; contracting of St. paupers to private individuals, in Conn., 93, 301; description of certain, 79, 211, 213; emigration of, as relief, 76, 178; taxes for in Ireland, 76, 181; foreign, legislation agst., 76, 170; methods of exclusion suggested, 76, 173; movement of British, to colonies, 76, 177; nurses, for ins. patients, 98, 21; obligation of each nation to its own, 76, 171; PAUPERS permanent increase of, following hard times, 96, 55; re-transportation of, 76, 174; state, 87, 270; 92, 88; contracted to pri-individual in Conn., 93, 301; statistics of 10th census, tables, 84, 416, 426; PAUPERISM amount of, in U. S. not alarming, 06, 326; and penury, distinct, 80, 242; as affected by prosperity, 81, 15; causes of, 74, 18; 78, 118; 84, 15; 89, 204; almshouse, mismanagement, 80, 252; conditions of birth, 78, 120; crime, 78, 151; defects of administration of relief, 80. 246; disease the prime cause, 78, 121; extravagant habits of living, 74, 19; heredity, 78, 119; 79, 215; 84, 16; ignorance, 78, 118; immigration of defective, 84, 17; indiscriminate charity, 74, 19; institutionalism, 80, 254; intemperance, 74, 32; 78, 119; insanity, 05, 422; licentiousness, 79, 214; mingling dep. ch. with adults, 80, 247; neglect of dep. ch.. 80, 252; out-door relief, 74, 24; 80. 242, 252; soup kitchens, etc., 74, 20; causes, attack onprime, 79,217; knowledges of, 79, 210; method of enquiry as to, 74, 34. See also Prevention of P. and Poverty causes of. causes of P. and crime, 86, 207; distribution of, law not discovered, 88, 442; efforts of St. Bds. re., 87. 82; formidable, in U. S., 79, 217; heredity, (Dugdale), 77, 81; increase of, 76, 18; see also Prevention of; in city of N. Y., 74, 18; 79, 216; in England and Wales, (1873), 74, 26; in Mass., (1875), 76, 18; in the South, 94, 324; in Roman Empire during decline, 84, 128; not congenial to American soil, 86, 18; prevention of, 74, 23; 78, 111, 117; 79, 210; 80, 242; 82, 94; 89, xxv; 97, 160; better medical care, 80, 248; care of ch.. 82, 95; compulsory education, 82, 95; classification, 80, 248; district workhouses for vagrants. 80, 248; industrial training, 82, 97; 79, 216; 84, 207; insurance, 97, 160; labor, enforced, 79, 216; labor systematic, 80, 248; methods in ancient Scotland, (Boethius), 79, 215; means of preventing, 79, 189; physical prevention, 78, 122; program of state for, 79, 36, 41; program of city for, 79, 39; remedies suggested, 80, 246; restraint of degraded women, 79, 189; restraint of marriage, 79, 216; technological training, 84, 207;

Page  169 1874 to 1906 169 PAUPERISM problems of, in Brooklyn and N. Y., 79, 200; considered as a whole, 79, 209; punishable offense, 79, 220; relieved and discouraged, 91, 227; statistics of, 74, 27. Pawnshop, charitable, 04, 497; in France for profit of poor, 96, 305; Mont de Piete in Paris under special law, 99, 306; auction sales and rates of interest, 99, 309; as fences, 84, 286; 99, 310; established by Savonarola, 99, 296; beginning of the business, 95, 506. Peabody, Prof. F. G., on the German relief system, 04, 124; his new hymnal for Harvard, 96, 6; on teaching of social questions, 94, 70, 72, 75; 02, 395; and problems of charity, method and motive, 95, 56; on science without sentiment, 96, 125. Peace Conference, charity fund from, N. H., 06, 44. Peddlers, juvenile, 04, 294. Peeters, Dr. and Gheel, 91, 174; 00, 101; and family care of the ins., 02, 509. Pellew, Henry E., and 1st Bureau of Char. in N. Y. C., 93, 55. Pellman, Prof., and study of drunkenness, 97, 236. PENAL and prison discipline, 80, 37; and reformatory systems, 91, 202; survey of legislation, 91, 202; Fassett bill in N. Y., 91, 202; indeterminate sentence, the only logical, 91, 208; laws, modification of, needed, 83. 183; methods as contamination, 80, 53; inequality of sentences, 80, 55; 01, 152; system; defects of, 80, 30; of Mass., 82, 54; revolution in, needed, 01, 152; retarded by judges, attorneys and clergymen, 01, 152; drastic measures to eliminate crime, 01, 154. Penitentiaries; needs of, 80, 31; bd. of comrs. for, in Ky., 99, 59. Penitentiary, more than self-sustaining in W. Va., 01, 102; well managed in Va., 95, 387; system, the, 83, 166; defects in, of long standing, 83, 167; sundries, re. in various states, 84, 23, 43, 50, 90, 380, 383, 385, 388, 389; sentences for petty offences in Tex., 95, 383. Penn, William, and prisons as homes of industry, 96, 7; and the Indian policy, 92, 23. Pennsylvania prison system, 81, 254. children's Aid Soc., 90, 203. Penny provident fund, 95, 59; 97, 202. Penology, science of, a recent, 81, 253; progress of, 01, 26, 29, 32, 34, 36, 98. PENSIONS: and State Soldiers' Homes, 96, 285; ill effect of pension money on inmate, 96, 286; misuse of pensions in dissipation, 96, 287; neglect of families, 96, 288; practical remedy, 96, 289. e confederate veterans pensions. 06, 479; employes, R. R., 06, 453, 461; manufaqcturing Co's, 06, 462; risks of labor, 06, 465, 467; federal, 06, 471; frauds on, 06, 472; sundry, 06, 478; effects of, on character, crime, politics, patriotism, morality, 06, 474, 475; governmental and municipal, 06, 470; abuse of, 06, 474; arguments for and against, 06, 483, 484; bibliography of, 06, 617; charts of municipal, 06, 612; continental congress and, 06, 471; civil war, 06, 472; combination of pension and insurance, 06, 486; military, ill effects of, 05, 581; old age, in Germany and Australia, 05, 576; step towards socialism, 05, 579; cause of extravagance, 05, 579; opposition of workingmen to, 05, 580; sundry, 06, 478; teachers, 06, 483; widows, pensions to, effect of, in increasing number, 01, 386; how to close out a. 01, 391; nothing more insidious, 01, 397. Periods of prosperity followed by periods of depression, 84, 13. Perkins inst. for blind, 02, 35. Personal devotion in charity, 84, 341; element in charity, 85, 340; my brother's keeper, 85, 342; justice not alms, 85, 346; element supreme, 04, 2; responsibility for poor relief in Germany, 04, 116; service, 01, 330; on part of directors and trustees, 95, 525; work, obligation to, 92, 459. Personality in redemptive work, 90, 16. Pestalozzi on mothers. 94, 164; on the work of Gertrude, 94, 167. Peterson, Dr., description of ideal inst. for epi., 94, 190; and separate provision for epi., 93, 261; and visit to Bielefeld, etc., 00, 77. Peters, Dr. Austin, and infected milk, 99, 125. Pettit, Dr. and tent colony for t. b. in Ill., 05, 254. Philadelphia, deps. and defs, in, 06, 494; house of refuge, 83, 363, 368; society for alleviating the miseries of public prisons, 81, 254; work of soc. for org. char., 83, 121. Philanthropic soc. for vicious ch. Engd., 04, 362. Philanthropic position, restatement of, 06, 327. * &. ~ 0:

Page  170 170 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Philanthropist, defined as one who hates the ways of the poor, 01, 297. PHILANTIIROPY and accountancy, 06, 199; as a pioneer, 97, 354; began before civilization, 96, 1; disturbing element in, 04., 17, 18; dominant note of modern, 06, 1; aim and spirit of, 06, 9, 10; individual responsibility in, 06, 10; profitable task of, 06, 9; duty with respect to physical standard, 05, 6. latest form of, 02, 275; new triumphs of, in 19th century, 96, 3; studies causes, 96, 4; needs expression in literature and song, 96, 5; favorite task to extirpate pauperism, 96, 8; preventive, 06, 495; 02, 271; profession of, 02, 277; relation of to social order, 99, 1; supreme test of, 99, 1; conflict between current methods of, and social welfare, 99, 2; marked with hopefulness, 99, 28; unify methods of, 87, 15; unintelligent, danger of, 80, 149. Physical and mental training correlated, 04, 515. Physicians, various, on cause of epi., 94, 188. Phillips, Wendell, on opportunity for heroism, 99, 26. Philopolism or love of one's community, 99, 16. Phipps inst. for t. b., 05, 239. Phthisisphobia, evils of, 02, 505. Piegan massacre, 92, 49. Pillory abolished in Del., 05, 41. Pillsbury, Moses, on prison without a chapel, 04, 330. Pinel and the Bicetre, 01, 159, 160, 161; the pioneer of reform in care of ins., 01, 160, 161. Pingree garden; potato patch, 96, 55: 04, 241; work, 97, 380. Pitt, on relief of the poor, 90, 78. Placilla and work in hosp., 99, 19. Placing out children, 92, 415. See Children placing out. Placing-out societies, unincorporated must be licensed in N. Y., 98, 20, 74. Plantation life, old, in S., 03, 460. Plato on prevention of crime, 78, 176; quotation describing the conference, 01, 199; on indeterminate sentences, 04, 447. Plautus on giving to beggars, 89, 37. PLAYGROUNDS: 06, 396; as antidote to juv. crime, 99, 343; apparatus for, 04, 462; dangerous stunts, value of, 04. 464; as part of public school system, 04, 459; free play, 04, 459; leader of play, 04, 466; 04, 616; as school of citizen PLAYGROUNDS: ship, 04, 468; and improved homes, 02, 271; grave yard for, in London, Engd., 04, 457; old market house as, in Phila., 05, 541; German play grounds, 06, 397; model at St. Louis Exposition, 06, 399; statistics of, 06, 611; women's clubs and, 04, 93; 06, 399; settlement play ground, 95, 266; under dept. of parks, 04, 609. in cities, Boston, 03, 63; Balto., 03, 59; St. Paul, 05, 63; in Washington, D. C., 04, 615; 05, 42; Minn., 04, 64; numerous cities, 06, 397; in Richmond, Va., 04, 104; in Denver, 99, 45, 420; Play as part of education, 04, 610; leader needed, 04, 612; in back yards, 04, 610; development of street games, 04, 609; experiment in Cincinnati, 04, 612; right to inalienable for children, 01, 23. Pliny the younger, and insts. for poor ch., 89, xx. Pocohontas, descendant of, founder of 1st sch. for deaf, 01, 95. Podstata, Dr. V. H., and causes of poverty in Cook Co. insts., 05, 401. Poland, guardianship of minors in, 84, 177. Poles as immigrants, Buffalo, Milwaukee, Chicago, 87, 305, 306; 88, 2, 427; 91, 191. POLICE: administration, different shown in criminal statistics, 01, 419; and liquor laws, 81, 123; and juvenile crime; statistics of arrests, 84, 285; % of police population and to arrests, 84, 289, court a place of sorrow not merriment, 91, 3; in England, 85, 311; matrons, 03, 488; in Ky., 03, 488; in Ind., 03, 490; 91, 339: in Chicago, 84, 293; in Phila., 90, 433; in Maine, 90, 434; in Providence, 81, 316; discussed, 86, 418; system in Louisville, 04, 586, a settlement within the jail, 04, 586; Portland, Me., 81, 309; work of W. C. T. U., 81, 309; duties of matron, 81, 310; no. of women arrested, 81, 314; system in Milwaukee, 87, 115; stations a degrading influence, 81, 181; in Utah, brutality and mob leadership by, 84, 55. Policing the railroads, 03, 466. POLITICAL corruption produces material want, 96, 139; as weakening of effect of churches, missions, etc., 96, 139; heelers as care-takers of the ins., 02, 326; influence even invading fundamental law in N. Y., 98, 447;

Page  171 1874 TO 1906. 171 POLITICAL machines using insts., 92. 329; methods of char. in N. Y., 81, 170; pull in insts. of Ind. gone bye, U6, 406. Politician professional, value of, 01, 351. Politicians, keep hands off char. insts., 04, 179. POLITICS in Bd. of St. Char. Colo., 96, 24; none in Bd. of 0., 00, 416; in Boards of Control, Kan. and Wis., 95, 448, 450, 451; in charitable affairs, 00, 27; and charities, influences in Kan., 00, 414; reform in Ind., 00, 415; spoils in Kan., 00, 416; and philanthropy, vicious mixture, 93, 49; in charity, patronage in St. insts., 02, 324; the story of the Indiana hosp. for ins., 02, 324; physicians elected ahead of time so as to learn the business in 3 months, case in Mo., 02, 329; profound political dominion in Mo., 02, 330; conditions in Ill. similar, 02, 332. in char. and cor., 00, 29; change of officials each two years in Kan., 00, 29; in char. and corr. insts., 99, 233; insts. free from, cases of, 99, 224; "clean sweep" cases, 99, 235; brotherhood of political piracy, 99, 237, 238; gold vs. silver democrats, 99, 239; a free silver hosp. voted for, 99, 239; in the courts of law, 88, 260; in hosps for ins., 81, 321; European criticism, 81, 320; in insts., 98, 237; 02, 496; in Ohio and Ill., 87, 272; in Ky., 88, 331; slowly being eliminated in Kan., 04 42; serious, state of affairs, Neb., 03, 73; civil service in Mich. and N. Y., 02, 496; not, in Ill., 89, 298; enlightened public opinion and, 99, 404; divorce of, 94, 4; comparative view of laws, re., 98, 237; spoils system, a terrorism, 98, 241; merit system in insts. for ins., 98, 242; results in jails, 98, 244; in penal and pauper insts., 83, 33. on Pacific coast, 99, 242; Washington reform school case, 99, 244; one republican prison and one democratic prison in Calif., 99, 251; Poor association, Balto. its collections, 06, 215. POOR asylum discipline, 96, 269; relations of Supt. and inmates, 96, 269; system and cleanliness, 96, 271, 272; see also, Poorhouse, Almshouse, etc. boarding-out of, 04, 114; in Maine, 02, 54; care of, by contract, one Co. in N. Y., 99, 82; decrease of population in, with decrease of 0. D. R., 02, 146; disposed of, by pub. auction, 93, 300; POOR farms and pauperism in Kan., 00, 125; contract system, 00, 129; out-door relief, 00, 131. POORHOUSE: administration of, 86, 31; children, removal from Wis., 76, 22; classification of inmates, 86, 34; commitment needed for certain classes in, 89, 200; committee of N. Y. Senate on, 94, 121, 123; contract system of, pernicious, 84, 299; construction, location and management, soil, buildings, superintendent, etc., 84, 295, 298, 363; dirt, disorder, idleness or cleanliness, order and employment, 89, 197; going to, thei last resort, 94, 119; ideal, the, 89, 250; improvement of, 80, xxvi; in N. Y. State, 79, 96; not a place for criminals, 89, 261; school of vice, 79, 99; see also Almshouse, etc. POOR LAW: act of Ind. text, 00, 403; results of 1st year's operation, 01, 56; commission, England, 04, 5; conference, England, 90, 191; in Ohio, township instead of Co. system, 96, 83; law codifieed, 98, 82; Irish, effects of, 76. 176; of England, 94, 107; of N. Y. State, 79, 201; of U. S., 97, 256; who is entitled to relief, 97, 257; the giver, 97, 258; administration, 97, 259; methods, 97, 259; dependent defectives, 97, 267. Poor man's free labor bureau, Kan., 84, 333. Poor rates, (taxes), in London, 76, 33. Poor relief, as endowment of improvidence, 76, 31; as managed in London, 76, 33; beginnings in England, 78, 32; Mass. policy of,, origin, 78, 35; intent, 78, 37; methods, 78, 37; results, 78, 40; public in Ind. C. 0. S. methods introduced by legislation, 00, 307. See also Relief. unsettled, 88, 19; see also Settlement laws. whites, 03, 132. Pope Pius IX and the visitor who had seen Rome, 96, 464. Pope Urban VIII, and the Barberini, 90. 100. Population, congestion of, 05, 554; consequences of, 05, 555; national, not local, evil, 05, 555; preparations for, in Ore., 05, 555; distribution of, 06, 382; artificial barriers useless, 06, 383; colonization by govt.; removel of factories; Salvation Army scheme; in

Page  172 172 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Population-cont'd: Poland by German govt.; all failures, 06, 386; industrial removal office, 06, 387. Porter, Melvin P., and playgrounds in Buffalo, 02, 482. Porto Rico, education in,, 03, 542; insane in, 02, 182; legislation in, 02, 126. Postal savings banks, resolution on, 85, 444; advantage of, for negroes in S., 02, 475; discussion, 85, 489; objections to, 05, 581; reasons agst. in U. S., 05, 578. Post-penitentiary treatment of criminals; see Criminals. Potlatch, of the Oregon Indians, 05, 470. POVERTY abolition of. 97, 272; effects of single tax, 97, 272; and its relief, 95, 40; methods in N. Y., 95, 40; relief of unemployed, 95, 47; inadequate relief, 95, 48; no ideal system, 95, 51; experts required, 95, 52; and pauperism, demarkation of, 06, 327; assumed the natural lot of the masses, 90, 60; will not always exist, 90, 60; causes of, 99, 369; 03, 272; 05, 401; apparent causes, 99, 373; difficulty in assigning causes, 99, 374; bad economy in purchasing food, 89, 205; disease, 89, 207; intemperate eating and drinking, 89, 204; indolence and shiftlessness, 89, 205; old age, 89, 208; low wages, 04, 521; positive causes in character, 03, 277; ratio of causes; alcoholism, venereal disease; chronic disease; mal-development; accidents, 05, 401; removal of causes, 99, 350; study of causes, needed, 90, 378; classification of families and causes, 03, 274, 276; preventive efforts necessary, 03, 281; cure demanded, 00, 22; how abolished, 78, 153; emigration to relieve, 78, 155; effects of motive power, 78, 157; ignorance of laborer and employer, 78. 161; line, in York, 05, 460; line, one-fifth of population on it, 06, 342; preventable, 06, 334; prevention of, legal aid, 03; 283; the poor man's lawyer, 03, 283; problem of, solved by access to the use of the earth, 98, 461. Pratt, Charles R., and inst. in Brooklyn, 93, 92. Pratt, Dr. Foster, on increase of insanity by immigration, 84, 398. Pratt Mines, Ala., convict schs., 96, 18, 19. Precocity abnormal, evils of, 97, 516. Preservation class, of ch. in inst., 97, 133. of life, 05, 394; of the ballot, laws for, needed, 05, 308. Press, the, as influence towards crime, 89, xxvii. in social effort, 00, 4. Preventable disease, consumption as, 02, 232. Prevention of Crimes Act, (1871), England, 8,3 219. Prevention of crime, better, 00, 411; by long supervision after short imprisonment, 83, 221. Prevention of pauperism report, 85, 402; see also Pauperism prevention. Prevention, that ounce of, 99, 326. Preventive and curative measures, value.of, 88, 23. Primeval man, dangers of, 06, 464. Prince Edward's Island, 1st reporL from, 02, 116. Principles of relief, an economist's aspect, 05, 460. Principles of charity; prison science; correction; reformation, etc. See Charity, Prison Science, etc. Printers', Drexel home for, 96, 156. Printing house for the blind headquarters of, 93, 442. PRISON: association, national, a kindred organization, 02, 7; association of Va., 91. 213; minors committed to it, 04, 106; antiquated, an, in Va., 01, 98; cells, small, noted, 85, 90; requirements of, 05, 316; chaplain, work of, 88, 201, 383, college of ethics, 02, 323; commissioners, Vt., 99. 34, 102; Ga., 04, 36; Mass., 02, 57; Congress, International at Rome, 86, 102; cost of. 83, 169; directors, in Calif. bi-partisan, 84, 21; curious results therefrom in 12 years, 99, 251; discipline, 78, 106; objects of, 78, 112; in Eastern pen. of Penna. separate system, 85, 301; see also Punishment. employment. industrial. 86, 93; evolution of the, 85, 286; feudal system, 85, 286; hospital for criminal tendencies, 02, 321. PRISON LABOR 93, 150; beneficial effects of. 83, 203; three purposes of, 83, 173; as means of reformation, 85, 265; convicts obligation of self support, 85, 268; learns habit of self-support in prison, 85, 269; usual prison labor is not reformative, 85, 267; and the manufacturers, 98, 450;

Page  173 1874 to 1906 173 PRISON LABOR: competition with free labor exaggerated, 98, 450; concentration of goods the evil, 98, 454. need of labor; educative labor, 98, 453; made goods, to be labeled, if imported, 97, 440; objects of prison labor. 87, 110; progress of, in N. Y., 99, 85; reform, three tests of a good system, 98, 447; systems of, contrasted; contract, public account and piece price, 85, 272; systems various, 85, 295; 83, 169; contract system, an abomination, 83, 203; abolished by popular vote in N. Y., 84, 326, 47; see also Contract Labor and Convict Labor. lease system, 83, 265; evil principles of, 93, 269; system at its best, 83, 272; paucity of reports, 83, 270; heavy mortality, 83, 273; debasing effects, 83, 275; cash profits, 83, 273; in Tenn., 83, 272, 159, 160; N. C., 83, 278; death rate in N. C., 85, 280; slavery by the state in N. C.. 86, 353; in Ga., 83, 285, 286; 03, 582; Texas, 83, 288; worst system in Christendom, 83, 288; nightmare of self-support, 83, 289; deaths by gun shot wounds and suicide, 83, 290, 291; in Ala., 83, 292; in Ark. Miss. La., 83, 294; system at its worst, 83, 294; excuses for the systems, 83, 297; abolished in 0., 83, 30b; abolished in La., 01, 26, 60; in Miss., 96, 58; in S. C., 03, 100. See also Convict Labor. piece price system, 83, 173; 85, 272; 86, 117; 87, 111; in Minn., 04, 62; public account plan, 83, 171, 85, 271; 86, 117, 119; 91, 209; 98, 59; in S. D., twine plant, etc., 05, 81; in Ill., 03, 45; in N. Y., to make supplies for other insts, 96, 75; in Ohio, 96, 83; serious criticism of public account plan of N. '. as an invasion of the spoils system, 98, 446; discussion thereon, 98, 448 -455; trades in N. J. prisons, 84, 91; versus outside labor, 78, 165, 166. PRISON: management, personnel of, 89, 50; regulation, 89, 55; central for each St. needed, 01, 422; methods, various kinds 85 288; individual treatment, 85, 292; model, the, 81, 250; 83, 265; essentials of, 81, 252; cleanliness, 81, 252: industry, 81, 252; discipline, 81, 251; theory of self-support vf convicts, 83, 267; PRISON: not a deterent from crime, 82, 8, officials, special education of, 95, 243; training schools for. needed. 86, 427; population, reduction of, in England, 81, 183; punishment in, 93, 151; severity fails, 02, 431; practical views about, with instances, 90, 395, 408; paying business to St. of N. C., 91, 310; prison should pay, not in cash but results, 85, 282; self-support not a requisite, 83, 169; question the, progress for 20 yrs., 93, 148; reform, 86, 90; conference on in Ont., 03, 111; progress of, 96, 406; dominant ideas, deterrence and reformation, 86, 90; radical reform necessary, 97, 26; prevailing wrong impressions as to convicts, 96, 406; substitute for imprisonment needed, 96, 407; abolition of short sentences, 96, 408; convict detained until fit for liberty, 96, 411; increase of crime in U. S., 97, 27; criminals are like other men, 97, 27; contrast of sin and crime, 97, 28; crime and insanity, 97, 29; parole plan, 97, 33; reform movement vigorous in Ont., 96, 103; of jails essential to, 86, 427; religion and prison reform, 86, 98; reforms urged, 97, 37; reformatory prison for women, Me., 03, 57; science, modern, leading principles of, 91, 214; object of punishment, 91, 214; capital punishment not scientific, 91, 215; relations of abnormal physical conditions to moral obliquity, 91, 216; effects of physical culture on dullards, 91, 216; critical period that of discharge, 91, 218; school of crime, 01, 149, 153; service, permanent, value of, 01, 417; prison school needed, 01, 417; evils of frequent changes, 83, 175; State, the, 05, 325; early theory of, 05, 325; reformation in possible, 05, 327; requisites of, 05, 328; indeterminate sentences to, 05, 329; quality of the warden, 05, 332; at Sing Sing, N. Y., condemned as unsanitary, 01, 84; structures, 83, 167; 93, 152; systems, the ideal, 89, 42; state and county and police, 89, 43, 47; in Scotland, 01, 418; the Irish, 83, 240; 81, 269; 86, 92; of Penna. 81, 254; Eastern of Penna., 83, 250; history of, 80, 37; tripartite in Ohio, 86, 93. U. S. at Leavenworth, 00, 450; see Prisons, U. S.; prisoners. 93, 154. women's at Sherborne, 81, 266; women managers of, 81, 268; village at Milledgeville, Ga., 03, 588;

Page  174 174 CUMULATIVE INDEX. PRISONS: see also Prisoners, Prisons, Criminal and Convicts. Prisoner a human being, 88, 202. PRISONERS: aid associations, 86, 100; 93, 156; in Ia., 88, 327; beginning of work of, 80, 85; visitation of jails by, 80, 86; and paupers eating together in Co. house, N. H., 03, 78; as parasites, 04, 444; binding out of, 83, 227; cost of food of, Del., 04, 28; conditional liberation of, 93, 157; discharged aid society for in Gt. Britain, 01, 421; aid to, 83, 230; by employment, 83, 233; voluntary societies for, 78, 127; an ideal home for, 94, 326; duty of St. and society to, 78, 124; help for, in Tenn., 94, 330; in New Orleans, 04, 46; Hope Hall for, Ia., 04, 39; illustrations of work with, 81, 265; industrial employment for, 78, 126; in mid-winter, in summer clothing, 84, 27; state agents to aid, 78, 126; their need of help, 83, 242; see also Convicts discharged. employment of, 78, 110; opposition to, 78, 110; families of, 80, 75; usually small, 80, 79; farm colonies for, 04, 54; identification, 93. 158; bureau, estab. in Calif., 05, 35; increase of in Vt. due to liquor license, 04, 102; recidivist, the, 93, 155; Sunday, the, 90, 309; statistics of, 10th census, tables, 84. 416, 427; to be humanely cared for in new prison in Tenn., 96, 91; women as prisoners, 93, 152; see also, Criminals and Convicts. PRISONS, 00, 65; and penitentiaries in France, 84, 276; and prison discipline, 90, 291; character of prisoner must be changed, 90, 301; ideal warden, need of, 90, 292; warden and convict both products of civilization, 90, 294; political influences fatal, 90, 295; real criminals rarely reform, 90, 303; severity of punishment no deterrent. 90. 297; buildings for, 83. 265; discipline in. 83. 211; elements of religious instruction, 83, 212; employment, 83, 212; punishment for infraction of rules, 83. PRISONS: 213; classification, 83, 214; 86, 91; promotion and grades, 83, 214; intellectual culture, 83, 215; district, plan for, 78, 129; see Workhouses; education in, 78, 163; 86, 97, 355; employment in, 76, 29; European, 97, 52; penal codes, 97, 53; identification of criminals, 97, 54; centralized administration, 97, 56; earnings of prisoners, 97, 57; prison plans, 79, 132; federal, see U. S. Prisons; grades of convicts, 94, 246; advantage of graded system, 82, 198; labor in p. and reformatories, 86, 113; majority of, schools of criminality, 01, 149; non-political control, in Va., 02, 100; object of, to protect society, 82, 197; of D. of C.. 85. 297; salaries in, 76, 28; state of, the U. S., 83, 249; architecture of, 79, 135; administration, 83, 260; discipline, 83, 259; economy in construction, 79, 136; inadequate cells, 83, 257; industry in, 83, 254; labor, 83, 260; materials for buildings, 79, 132; management, 83, 256; rewards, 83, 255; sewerage disposal, 79, 131; sanitation, 83, 257; sites, healthy for, 79, 130; state, in N. C. pop. steadily diminishing 04, 85. systems; congregate and separate, 83, 249; solitary system a misnomer, 83. 250; strength and security, 79, 131; supervision of, 79, 134; table of mortality in, classified by N. and S., 83, 262; ventilation, 79, 133; water supply, 79, 131. United States, 83, 319; 86, 107, 394; 00, 66; and prisonsers, 86, 107; contracts with St. prisons, 83, 321; indeterminate sentence not permitted, 83, 320; need of other U. S. prisons, 00, 68. women's, in Ind., 78, 21; in Mass., 78, 28; women in control, Ind., 78, 21; 76, 26; separate, 76, 26. Private charity in Que., 02, 119. Private charities and pub. aid, 02, 136. Private citizen, responsibilities in care of pub. dependents, 04, 142. Private enterprise vs. pub. operation, 90, 3. Private hospitals, evils of, 02, 131. Private societies, supervision of, by St. bd. Colo., 01, 43. PROBATION: see also Juvenile Cts. and P. and parole. 01, 150; the flower of correction, 04, 4: as preventive work. 06, 589, 590; juvenile. 06, 117; essential factors of, committees for, methods, 06, 117; effects in various places, 06, 117,

Page  175 1874 to 1906 175 PROBATION: 129; as substitute for inst., 06, 129; diminishes juv. crime, 01, 150, 244; laws and practices in various cities and states, 06, 118, 119, 576, 591. 587, 588; Colo. in Denver, 02, 30; in Conn., 04, 26; in Ind. for ch., 03, 49; in Maine, 05, 53; in Mass., 01, 150; in Mass. ineffective, 97, 460; struggle to evolve the principle, 97, 462; made possible for any offense, 01, 65; extended and developed, 03, 62; for drunkenness, 05, 55; fines paid on prob., 05, 55; in Mich., for convicts, 04, 59; in Minn., age limits extended, 01, 70; paid officers estab., 0, 64; in Mo. with pd. officers, 01, 72; in N. J., 00, 338; extended to police courts, 03, 79; in N. Y. crippled by S. P. C. C.. 01. 83; St. com. to investigate, 05, 72; in Ontario carried out to full, with juveniles, 06, 77; in Ore. for 1st offenders, 05, 77; in R. I., 98, 87; in Vt., 99, 102; in Wash. as suspended sentence, 05, 84; in England. 01, 150; in Paris, France, the advocat des enfants, 90, 191. officers, and dipsomaniacs, 02, 115; association of, in N. J., 06, 576; as officers of the court, 06, 576; direction of, an executive not a judicial function. 06, 121, 577; expense of, 03, 587; first volunteer, 80, 62; law of Mass. for, 80, 62, 65; local in Mass. for adults, 92, 331; in Minn., 99, 71; salaried in Md., 04, 51; prize essay on by sch. ch. N. J., 02, 451; work of, previous to trial, 06, 132; work of, in Ct., 06, 136; principles of, 04, 448; prisons and reformatories contrasted, 04, 449, 450; new gospel of the penal law, 04, 454; successful in France and Belgium, 03, 440. system, 97, 38; punishment according to desert, impossible, 97, 39; relaxation of criminal justice, 97, 42; prisons do as much harm as good, 97, 43; elimination of crim. class the aim of crim. law, 97, 45; justice of, new and deeper meaning dawning, 04, 582; a positive saving quality, 04, 583; indeterminate sentence never yet really tried, 04, 583; the personal element, 04, 584; what does it cost? 04, 587; actual financial saving in Mass., 04. 588; compulsory support of family, by man on probation, 04, 588; saving men or saving dollars, 04, 589; a square deal for the prisoner, 04, 591; Procession of the great army of defectives and dependents, 91, 12. Profits to St. of penitentiary, 01, 34. Progress, in multiplication of desires and of means of gravitation, 99, 2. Prohibition, practical, in rural N. C., 04, 83. Property for char. and corr. purposes in N. Y. state, estimated value of, 87, 63. Prophylaxis, sanitary and moral, society for, 06, 532. Proselyting motives in subsidy policy, 01, 128. Prospect Union, a place where no preaching is done, 97, 474. Prostitutes as feeble-minded or irresponsible, 84, 257. Prostitution, suppression of, in Idaho, 98, 43; connivance at, etc., made felony in Wash., 04, 107; living off profits of, a felony in Ore., 05, 78; girls sought for, from insts., 00, 239. Protagoras on education of criminal citizens, 04, 582. Protection of society, theory of, 99, 112; classes the St. is concerned with, 99, 113. Protein, need of in foods, 01, 176. Proudhon and foolish socialism, 99, 24. Provident association of Boston, 84, 339. Provident association in St. Louis, 84, 329, 332; women's lodge, name changed to "Alcott club," 01, 73. Provident Loan Association, N. Y., 94, 303; 95, 7, 375, 507; 06, 394; see also Pawn shops. Provident Medical Association, 95, 285; at Wells Institute, Boston, 95, 287; see also Dispensaries provident. Provident savings banks, 86, 401. Pruyn, John V. L., and char, reform in N. Y., 92, 14. member of 1st conference, 94, 346. Pryor, Dr. John H., on care of consumptives at right time, 05, 198. Pseudo science, gets somewhere quick, 95, 124. Psychiatry university clinics in, 05, 428. Psychological study of the ins., 92, 121. See also Insane. Psychopathic hosps., 02, 167, 513. See Insane. Prysse papyrus, and duty to world of those with peculiar powers, 96, 486. Puffendorf on Athenian plan of rearing ch., 78, 175. PUBLIC: accountant, office of, Neb., 03, 71; agencies and relief, 03, 291; 0. D. R. supplants pri. char., 03, 293; limitations of pub. relief to orphaned families, 03, 296; aid in a great city, 98, 191; should be given so as to remove temptation to dependence, 98, 193; severity

Page  176 176 CUMULATIVE INDEX. PUBLIC ARD: would degrade society, 98, 194; with volunteer helpers, 04, 113, 115; and pri. char. reciprocal relations, 92, 327; and pri. relief in Chicago, 95, 66; method of pub. aid, 95, 67; and Relief and Aid Soc., 95, 68; special relief in 1893, 95, 70; charities and the public, 05, 434; knowledge of, through St. Bd. of Char., 05, 435; Canadian system of, 80, 264; growing importance of, 05, 599; as a career for a young man, 05, 599; of New York City, 98, 212; the most important, 05, 507; charity, ideal, 95, 28; best kept distinct from pri., 95, 32; universality of, 95, 30; liberty of, simplicity of, 95, 31; humanity of, 95, 32; integrity of, 95, 35; in Quebec, 02, 117; conscience aroused agst. spoils system, 00, 8. credulity as to inefficiency of pub. servants, 04, 139; dependents: 05, 394; right to live, universal, 05, 395; incomplete knowledge of, 05, 396; study of 500 families, 05, 397; illustrative cases, 05, 398; advisory committee on in Chicago, 04, 619; classification of, 05, 403, 406; county conditions of, 04, 621; transients, 04, 622; tramps to be driven out of Mass., 04, 623; seasonal work, results of, 04, 624; men industrially displaced, 04, 624; county infirmaries in 0., 04, 625; almshouses in N. Y., 04, 625; almshouses in N. H., 04, 626; aged couples in almshouses, 04, 627; new almshouse in Portland, Me., 04, 627; funds for pri. char., 02, 130; in Kansas, 02, 390; indifference after laws are passed, 04, 514; institutions, bldgs., 92, 400; medieval bldgs., 92, 401; jail sanitation, 92, 404; Kirkbride hosp. plan, 92, 404; cheapness of cottage plan doubtful, 92, 405. See also Buildings for Dep. classes. institutions, inadequate support of, 04, 135; finding the men for, 04, 136; relief, how justified, 90, 81; extreme possible effects of, 90, 83; real effects on recipients, 90, 84; effects on the community, 90, 88; effects of removing stigma, 90, 84; systems of, to protect the community, 81, 185; safety, chief consideration in prison system, 80, 47; PUBLIC school, enlarged function of, 04, 471; contrast of present and old education, 04, 472; development of manhood in cities, 04, 475; social features of pub. sch., 04, 477; social features in N. Y. City, 04, 477; free lectures, baths, vacation schs. recreation centres, 04, 478-483; neighborhood work, 04, 484; sch. teachers settlement, 04, 485; swimming sch., 04, 31; sentiment, conservative in Conn., 03, 36; service, made honorable, 05, 497; supervision, non-partisan, 02, 134. Publication fund for conference, need of, 84, 363. Publicity advance in char, etc., Neb., 03, 71; avoided in committing ins., 01, 168, 169, 170; in public affairs, 05, 498; continuous publicity, 05, 502. Puerperal mania, 91, 64. Punishment, by torture for various offences, 04, 435; effective, in proportion to certainty, not severity, 01, 417; end of, to punish, barbarous sentiment, 93, 141; just, adapted to culpability, 83, 184; legitimate object of a prison, 93, 151; not a deterrent of crime, 83, 179; progressive system, 84, 304; progressive sentence, 99, 8; protection of society by, 01, 417; vindictive, personal, are corrupting, 86, 98. Putnam, Dr. Chas. P., and training of social workers, 97, 187. Putnam, Miss E. C., and beginning of visitation system in Mass., 04, 127, 129. Pyle, Dr. W. M., on health and happiness, 06, 165. Q. Quarantine agst; vagrants, 03, 467. Quarterly bulletin of Ia. St. Bd. of Con., 02, 49. Quarterly review by St. Bd. of Char. N. Y., 00, 345. Quebec, first report from, 02, 117. Queen Victoria jubilee nurses, 95, 273. Questions settle themselves when present duty is done, 03, 20. Quince and Bottom, illustration of the cooperative spirit, 01, 312. Quincy, Mayor, (Boston), on combined wisdom of a board, 04, 123. Quincy, Josiah, (1821) on wastefulness of 0. D. R., 00, 136. Quintilian on child selection, 86, 181. R. Race conference, in Ala., 00, 292, 294; problem, the, 0S, 2, 456.

Page  177 1874 to 1906. 177 Rag carpet industry, 95, 59. Rainy-day soc. Phila., 06, 530. Ramona and the "Century of dishonor," 92, 24. Randall, C. D., on St. pub. sch. of Mich. and its effects on ch. dependence, 04, 322. Randall's Island, H. of ref., 83, 359; 93, 144; 00, 421. Randall's Id. infant asy., 98, 213. Ransom, Dr. J. B., and t. b. statistics of prisoners, etc., 05, 241. Rationalized charity, 05, 467. Rauhe, Haus, the, 80, 187, 213. Reade, Charles, as prison reformer, 88, 210. Receipts and expenses of a family, table, 03, 327. Reception hosp. for ins. See Insane. Recidivism, criminal records in cases of, 91, 17; diminished by wise methods in Swiss Canton, 97, 58. Recidivist, the retirement of, 93, 155; 01, 275. Reconstruction of families, 01, 413. Reconcentrados, care of, 01, 107. Records of inquiry and examination, 88, 13. Recreation centers, 04, 481; teachers in, 04, 483. Red Cloud, after fight at Wounded Knee, 92, 389. Red Cross, the, 86, 366; 87, 32; 97, 228; the effects of, 83, 434. Red Cross Soc. National, 06, 549; N. Y., 06, 549; at San Francisco, 06, 552; at Johnstown, 90, 382, 384; in S. C. after the cyclone, 94, 28; and trained nursing in Brooklyn, 94, 97. Reed, Myron, and boy with cheap physiology, 95, 130. Referendum, on Civil Service Law, Ill., 03, 44. Reformers, not good housekeepers, 91, 26. Reform, financial interests adverse to, 06, 6, 7. Reform of women criminals, 86, 376. REFORMATION: as end in prison discipline, 88, 193; labor, education and religion, 88, 197; protection of society as purpose of penalty, 88, 194; retribution a low view of penalty, 88, 194; in jails, 88, 199; in penal treatment, 83, 177; duty of St. to, 85, 181; percentage reformed, 83, 185; employment as an aid to discipline, 83, 187; labor as a means of, 85, 265; must be psychical, 01, 16; of criminals, suggestions, 81, 257; prevention of contamination, 81, 257; short sentences useless, 81, 258; indeterminate sentence needed, 81, REFORMATION 258; police supervision approved in England, 81, 260; of criminal girls, 83, 188; 00, 214; buildings for, 83, 192; evil of the gang plan, 00, 217; fine art of discovering girls' tastes and capabilities, 00, 219; grading, 83, 193; industrial employment, 83, 193; 00, 214; location of inst., 83, 192; methods, 83, 189, 197; music, 83 195; see also Reform work for girls, and Juvenile Reformatories. principles of, 85, 265. REFORMATORIES (Adult), 89, 103, 106; 99, 331; for vicious women, 79, 197; plan and management of, 79, 198; in different states, 89, 107; labor in, 86, 113; criminals defective and dangerous, 86, 114; contract system of no value in reformation, 86, 116; public account system difficult to introduce, piece price plan a compromise, 86, 116, 117; legislation, recent, in Ohio, re., 91, 220; non-partisan management provided, 91, 221; management of, 84, 92; lack of definite and uniform systeffas, 84, 93; by commissioners without St. direction, 84, 92; dangerous condition of officers getting wealthy in pub. positions, 84, 94; main plan of, 99, 399; penal code of Ind. re., (1897), 99, 332; paroled men for two years, Ind. tables of, 99, 334; personnel most important, 89, 116; punitive system vs. reformative system, 89, 112; see also Reformatory (Adult). REFORMATORIES, (Juvenile). buildings for, 02, 462; dormitories open or single, 02, 463; children from insts. their influence in their homes, 95, 216; five kinds of children, 95, 217; statistics of social condition of 730 boys, 95, 223; improvement of homes expected, 95, 229. co-operation of supts., 00, 220; organization of, 00, 220; medium of communication between, 00, 222; code of ethics and co-operation as to emloyes dismissed for cause, 00, 223, cost of per inmate, in England, 84, 201; dietaries in, 02, 453; sample bills of fare for 12 months, 02, 455; discipline in, how maintained, 34, 100; qualifications of supt., 84, 100; what is a good disciplinarian, 84, 101; see also Punishment and Merit marks, etc.

Page  178 178 CUMULATIVE INDEX. REFORMATORIES distinction between del. and dep., 02, 439, 440; classes distinct and treatment also, 02, 439; orphanage as a part of juv. ref. is a makeshift, to save expense, 02, 440; definition of classes, by law, in Ill., 02, 440; inseparable as subjects of discussion, 02, 441; work in Catholic protectory, 02, 441; virtually all one class, 02, 446; expansion as applied to, 01, 269; Lancaster, 0., the new idea, 01, 269; composite picture of a juv. ref., 01, 272; cottage system preferable, 01, 273; general culture in, 94, 149; clothing, manners, language, the heart, 94, 149-153; uniforms in, 86, 70; girls, for, Indiana, 76, 29; Wis., 83, 245; the first, at Lancaster, Mass., 01, 254; training in housekeeping, 86, 69; history of, 93, 140; walled schools, open schools, the first trade schools, model school described, 93, 140-146; individuality in work of, 02, 443; cultivation of, 02, 261; in New York State, 77, 64; intermediate, need of, 77, 71; how conducted, 77, 73; kindergartens as, 02, 423; lack of discrimination in sending to, 86, 150; merit and demerit system, 00, 200; base of parole; ungraded school with manual training; treatment of the dull boy, 00, 200-204; methods and principles of, 84, 84; management and administration, 84, 87-92; methods at Lancaster, Mass., 02, 435; moral and industrial training, 87, 243; the early English reformatories, 87, 244; moral influences in, 99, 319; christian influences; politeness not morality; veneer of good manners, 99, 320-324; moral elevation in, 86, 59; education as a factor, 86, 65; negro race reformatories, juv. for, 99, 325; officers of, material for, 84, 95; exinmates as sub-officers, 84, 96; theory of sub-officers in French and Belgian insts., 84, 95; our work and the outlook, 94, 156; training; morals; trade; manual; mil itary, etc., 94, 157-162; play as a reformative agent, 02, 437; function of to keep normal balance of ch. life, 02, 453; professional quality of work in, 01, 412; training required for officers, 01, 412; REFORMATORIES ing well, 00, 422, 423; statistics, tables, 85, 395; progress, how attained, 00, 418; idea of sch. has superseded prison, 00, 418; no longer, if ever, "kindergartens for the penitentiary," 00, 419; records of discharged inmates, 00, 422, 423; proportion of boys dopunishments, 02, 426; corporal rarely needed, 02, 427, 433; purpose of punishment, 02, 428; kindness more potent than severity, 02, 432; recreation in, 92, 169; recruiting stations for army and navy, as, 84, 98; salaries in, 85, 399; stigma of, on inmates, 89, xxviii; twenty years' progress in, 00, 188; industrial education, beginning of trade teaching, 00, 189; woman's influence in, 94, 164; see also Reformatory juvenile and Reform Schools. REFORMATORY (Adult). new in Conn., 96, 25; objections to, due to misunderstanding, 86, 354; state, 05, 311; theoretically for 1st offenders, 05, 312; cost of each criminal at large, 05, 312; requirements of, management, etc., 05, 314-322; in Wisconsin, 97, 439; work of convicts in construction of, 99, 107; commission in Ia. to investigate, 04, 39; system, in Indiana, 99, 403; women and girls, reformatory for, in Canada, 81, 239. Reformatory agencies, Catholic, 97, 131; purpose of, eternal happiness, 97, 131; preservation classes, 97, 133; for women and girls, 97, 134; penitents in House of the Good Shepherd, 97, 133. REFORMATORY, (Juvenile); boys' in Ala. work of Mrs. R. D. Johnston, 01, 37; in Ga. new, 03, 41; in Ontario, removed to better location, 02, 115; to be abolished in favor of Industrial Schools, 03, 110; abolished, 04, 112; children, insts. for, need training of officers and teachers, 83, 484; cottage plan for, 02, 464; small rooms, pleasant interior, 02, 465; some bldgs. pleasing without, but cold and repellent within, 02, 465; size of cottages; separate rooms; night watchmen, etc., 02, 465, 467; congregate vs. cottage system, 02, 469; advantages of cottage plan, 02, 471; for girls in N. Y. new, 04, 78; officers, qualifications of, 82, 23; origin of, 01, 245; first governmental in the world, the N. Y. H. of ref., 01, 246; Rauhe, Haus, 01, 247; a

Page  179 1874 to 1906 179 REFORMATORIES necessity of civilization. 01, 249: not penal; do reform; preventive method, 01, 251, 253; first for girls at Lancaster, Mass., 01, 254; seven years in, 97, 121; profitable labor; education first; methods of discipline, etc., 97, 122, 123; sexes in same inst. error of, 86, 151; the product is the boy, 86, 71; trade teaching in, 97, 115; practical in small schools; chair caning an injurious occupation; best trades for; whole trade taught, 97, 115, 119. twentieth century (juv. ref.),, 05, 101; spirit and method; educational, religious, industrial, etc., 05, 104, 108; the plant; bldgs.; cost, etc., 05, 110, 111; after care; agents, etc., 05, 114, 115; esthetic surroundings of, 05, 120; work for girls, 92, 179; incorrigible a moral cripple; heart training, 92, 180, 181; work, use of libraries in, 96, 342; officers to be interested; wise choice of books, etc.; kinds of books suitable, 96, 343-346; scholastic and industrial education; question, will a proposed study waken dormant powers? will it prepare for usefulness? 96, 348, 349; the ideal school, honest, industrious, with liberty and high aims. 96. 350. 351;. REFORM SCHOOL: in 1875, list of, with no. of inmates, 79. 181; in Ala. estab., 99, 39; in N. D., 04, 88; in D. of C., 85, 273; in Minn., 85, 283; in New Mexico, 01, 81; in Ark., 05, 33; in La., 05, 51; changes of name; in Ind. to the Ind. boys' school, 03, 49; in Me. to St. sch. for boys, 04, 48, 502; in Mo. to trg. sch. for boys, 03, 70; in Mich. to sch. of industry, 99, 393; chaplain, 92, 175; of masculine quality; other qualifications, 92, 175; child's individuality lost in large sch., 86, 151; classifications in, 91, 379; congregate and family system, 95, 242; congregate, 89, 105; family system artificial, really a group of congregate divisions, 89, 105; do they reform? 97, 125; evil of short term commitments, 92, 357; industrial trg. importance of, 83, 351; list of trades taught, 83, 353; industrial trg. in England and Europe, 83, 353; kinds of work for boys and girls, 84, 348-352; labor in, 83, 312; 85, 258; contract labor, 83, 352, 355, 361; 87, 284; division of time between school, work and play, 85, 259; trades REFORM SCHOOL taught, not practiced on discharge. 85, 260; labor at Plainfield, Ind., 85, 262; not a penal institution, 81, 276; often too large for best results, 86. 151; officer, the, what he should be, 01, 277; open plan preferred, 89, 307; division of sexes into different insts., 89, 309; women needed on the boards, 89, 309; out of date; superceded by industrial schools, 05, 544; salaries of teachers, 05, 545; per cent. of boys doing well, 97, 453; per cent. of boys committed who do not need reforming, 97, 454; problem, 86, 71; enclosed system criticised; flexibility essential; family system formative, not reformative, 86, 73-75; public misconceptions as to, 86, 151; small boys in, wrong, 83, 131; technical training in, 84, 213; technological instruction in, 87, 284; thrift, habits of, taught in, 97, 138; training, aims, methods, results, 92, 410, 412; work, general features of, 92, 166; juvenile prison plan, 92, 168; recreation; schools; trades teaching; quality of officers, 92, 169, 172. Refugees,.Russian; Polish, 05, 51. Registration of charities, Boston, 77, Xxvii. Registration of rel. by churches, 83, 125. Registration, prison, in France, 91, 16; of professional criminals, 87, 337. Registration, St. of dep. def. and del., 91, 11. Registration, value of systematic, seen in C. 0. S., 91, 14; of inmates, of insts. by Bd. of St. Char., 91, 15; of O. D. R., 91, 16. See also Organization of Charity. Rehabilitation of discharged prisoners, 85, 297. Reinstatement of vagrants by municipal lodg. h., 03, 404. Relations of city of Balto. to char. corps. readjusted, 01. 62. Reliance Trading Co. (Salvation Army), 06, 350, 351. RELIEF: adequate, need of, 85, 339; what is adequate rel., 06, 518; associations, relations of, to C. 0. S., 99, 359; in N. Y. and Cinti., 99, 361, 362; chh. co-operation, 99, 364; likeness bet. rel. soc. and C. 0. S., 99, 366; B. I. rel. (benevolent individual), 89, 30; easy, attraction of, 74, 29; effective methods of distribution, 01, 374;

Page  180 CUMULATIVE INDEX. RELIEF freedom from stereotyped forms of, advantage of. 01. 389; from city funds, only on recommendation of C. O. S. in Columbus, O., 02, 91; good servant but a bad master, 01, 387; in distress, immediate, 89, 243; in emergencies, 06, 541; Lynn fire, 90, 36; Johnstown flood, 90, 43; Louisville tornado, 90, 49; in small cities, 02, 392; best method, 95, 54; how organized, 02, 278; 360 cities with less than 60,000 population, 02, 278; substitutes for relief; savings funds, friendly visitors; the broader friendly visiting, spread of C. 0. S., 02, 281-289; in Aurora. Ill., 02, 392; Oberlin, O., 02, 392; Portland, Me., 02, 393; in U. S. total cost of, estimated, 06, 327, 328; liberal, pauperizing effect of; cases, 84, 79; material a low benefit, 87, 138; changing attitude of members of conference towards, 03, 317; evil of doles, 03, 554; chief causes of demand for, are spiritual ones, 03, 559; never a family needing rel. that did not need other things, 03, 557; cost of living, 03, 326; table of income and expenditure, 03, 327; large rel. funds not the best, 03, 554; rel. often inadequate, 03, 558; special case plan in Chicago, 03, 559; uses of rel., 03, 317; 03. 560; necessity of, 83, 12; individuality in, 83, 13; a right to, 83, 13; effects of organization, 83, 17; police rel. methods, evil effects of, 95, 353; public, all rel. should be. 91, 28; pri. should not be given, 91, 28; not dependable, 91, 33;; sole justification for pub. rel.. 03. 287; public, absence of all, effects of, 01, 140; upon private in-door rel., 01, 141; upon outdoor private charity, 01, 142; summary of effects, 01, 145; public and pri. in-door and outdoor, 93, 94; pub. rel., 93, 95; pri. char. 93, 96; private, the best way, 91, 34; org. pri. char. instead of O. D. R. (pub.), 91, 34; need of investigation for, 79, 206; need of co-operation of agencies; evil of many agencies; work test, 79, 207, 208; private rel. soc., 03, 286; St. V. de P. work, 03, 288; volunteer work of, 03, 290; alms are the retribution of services that have no salary, 03, 291; promptness an essential, 85, 339; RELIEF theory of right to rel. an evil, 81. 126; unusual forms of, 01, 314; bourgeoisie and proletariat among poor, 01, 314; loan to the poor a char. superstition, 01, 319; study of deficiencies under which the proletariat labors, 01, 316; starting in business, 01, 393; clearing off mortgages, 01, 393; special cases for pri. char. given by overseers of poor, 01, 396; in work, case of Marcia, 88, 407; experiments in, 92, 436; rel. by employment, 92, 440; work-rooms for, 01, 394; by special (artificial) work, condemned, 95, 10; work during Neb. drought, 95, 479; free freight on R. Rs. '95, 480. Religious and scientific forces, approximating 05, 496; char. evils of, in Italy, 91, 185; faith, regarded in pig. ch., 97, 96; instructions in prisons, etc., 76, 30, 31; 89, 221; see also Prisons, Reformatories, etc., and Chaplain. Rembrandt's and Raphael's Christ compared, 99. 22. Remedial work in behalf of youth, 95. 230; conditions in Engd.; diversified educational facilities; club supplants gang; neighborhood libraries, etc., 95, 233-237. Removal, industrial; individual; demand for artizans; to Govt. homesteads; duty of St., 06, 384, 389. Rent collectors, and F. V., 02, 484; women as collectors. 02, 353. Rents, price of, 03, 576; relation to wages, 03. 579. Renwick, Arthur, on insts. for ch., 84, 126; on home life for dep. ch., 90, 196. Reporter of org. char., 87, 34. Reports from States, history of, 93, 279; org. of wk., 93, 278; on Insanity; Pauperism; Crime, 93, 281-286; permanent gen. sec. needed for,, 94, 227; need of more adequate reports, 94, 227; summary by sections of, U. S., 00, 287-290. See also in alphabetical finding list. Reprints of special papers of conf. needed, 89. 249. Republic, The Theocratic, 98, 11. Rescue and rel. of ch., 96, 314. Rescue mission for colored boys, S. C., 00, 359. Reservation system, Indian, 92, 35. Respectable people, the value of, 04, 20. Responsibilities of wealth, 95, 9; of employers, 99. 82. Responsibility, parental, 81, 166. Rest and lunch rooms for women, 02, 50. Restriction of marriage, 99, 410; 01, 200; 05, 412. Retaliatory punishment, 97. 40; retribution not the duty of society, 97, 38.

Page  181 1874 to 1906. 181 Revenge, the period of, 01, 161. Reynolds, J. B., on co-operation of settlements with other citizen movements, etc., 96. 137. Rhode Island, management of St. insts., 06, 66. Ribot on heredity, 98. 298. Ribton-Turner, "History of Vagrancy," 89, 37. Richards, J. B. and Mass. sch. for def.. 93, 206; at Germantown, Pa., 93, 207. Richardson, Mrs. Anne B., on auxiliary visitors of St. bd., 04, 128; on success of the work with ch., 04, 131. Richardson, Dr. A. B., on work of Albert G. Byers, 91, 246. Richmond, Miss M. E:, on amount of poverty caused by sickness, 05. 263: on schools of phi., 05, 443; as priestess of org. char., 06, 495; on C. 0. S. offices as employment bureaus, 97, 213; her move to Phila., 00, 323; on proper care of widows with ch., 01, 382; on Old Testament char., 02, 296. Riis, Jacob, on juv. cts., 05, 152; description of a tenement house, 91, 125; on selling liquor to minors, 91, 127; on improvements in tenements, 00. 159; gift of a parrot to old woman, 01, 323; on poorest use of a boy, 01, 342; on the conclusive record of a ch., 05. 135. Riley, J. Whitcomb, story of Dutch Frank, 91, 304. Ring, Thos. memorial, 98, 378. Ripley, Prof. W. Z., on races of Europe, 06, 312. Rivington, St., small boys and the settlement residents. 96, 152. "Robert Elsmere" and University Hall, London, 96, 114. Roberts, Charles, and physical basis for ch. employment, 03, 142. Roberts, Prof. John B., on surgical nursing, 90. 131. Robin, M. le Pasteur, description of Merxplas, col. for vagrants, 91, 168. Robins, Raymond, and municipal lodging h., 05. 419. Robinson, George S., memorial, 95, 484. Robinson, Mrs. Harriet H., personal reminiscences of ch. lab., 03, 154. Rochester, H., of Ref., 83, 358; 87, 284; 90, 369; 92, 357; statistics of, 96, 358. Rockford College, summer use by Hull, H., 96, 122. Rogers J. Thorold, on value of a laborer, 91, 153. Rollet, Henri, as advocat des enfants in Paris, 90, 191; on mistakes of the middle ages, re children, 90, 193. Roman charity, ancient, 89, xx. Romanes, G. John, on error to neglect human nature, 03, 170. Rome, N. Y., custodial asy., effects of employment on imbeciles, 98. 316. Rome, prisons in, 97, 516. Roof playgrounds, 04, 482. Roofs as sleeping places for consumptives, 03, 575. Roosevelt, Governor, on importance of tenement reform, 00, 159. Roosevelt, President, on juv. cts., 05, 151; on the juv. ct. of Denver, 05, 37; on public playgrounds, 06, 396. Roosevelt, Theodore, (Sr.), rules as to construction and management of hosps., 78, 137; at conferences at Saratoga, 02, 5; and voluntary assistants to city rel. officials, in N. Y. City, 78, 60; character of described by George William Curtis. 02, 5. Rosebrugh, Dr. and pris. aid assn., Toronto, and its wk. for inebriates, 02, 115, 534. Rosenau, N. S., memorial, 00, 445. Rowe, Prof. Leo S., on future of public service utilities, 00, 110. Rowntree, Seebohm, and poverty in York, 02, 273, 309; 04, 490; 05, 460. Royal Albert asy, Engd., results, 98, 295. Rules of procedure of conference, 92, 338; revised, 06. 526. Rumford, Count, and vagrancy, 96, 233; and the beggars of Munich, 96, 440. Rummelsburg workhouse, methods with vagrants, 98, 185. Runaway girls from ref. sch., 04, 526. Runge, Dr. and St. Louis ins. hosp., 02, 336. Ruptured and crippled ch. hosp. N. Y., 81. 246; see also Hospitals. Rural districts, social degeneration in, 00, 115. Rural tramp, the, 03, 401, 469. Rush, Dr. Benjamin, on control of ins., 91, 6; and his stimulus to study of insanity, 01, 163. Ruskin, John, on the effects of ceaseless authority over ch., 86, 132; on the wealth of a nation, 99, 140; on the education of doing accurate work, 86, 68. Russell, Gov. Wm. E., on probation system, 97. 42. Russia, family care of ins., 02, 186. Russian Jews as immigrants, etc., 96, 117, 468. Russian prison, celebration of 4th of July, in, 88. 428. Rutherford, Miss, on the people who use the hourly nurse, 05, 261. S. St. Augustine on brotherly love, 04, 15. St. Bartholomew's hosp., London, 99, 41. St. Bartholomew's clinic, N. Y., 98, 335. St. Dymphna and Gheel, 91, 173; the legend of her martyrdom, 01, 157, 158. St. Elizabeth of Hungary and the leper, 98, xxx.

Page  182 182 CUMULATIVE INDEX. St. James home for working graduates of N. Y., Cath. protectory, 90, 239. St. John's Guild, wk. for sick ch., 95, 269. St. Louis Provident assn., 93, 99; see also Provident assna. St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam), 01, 158, 159. St. Paul (city) home for young girls, 87, 336; city hosp. described, 88, 180. St. Paul and the feeble-minded, 89, 312; and truth telling, 04, 19. St. Thomas and char. ceasing to be a virtue, 95, 65. St. Vincent de Paul Society, 86, 46; 89, 40; 90, 193, 195; 98, 464; 03, 286; extensive developments of wk. in N. Y., 96, 337; (see many other references to, in indexes of vols.) daughters of St. V. de P., the little sisters of the poor, 86, 45. St. Vincent's home for boys, N. Y., 77, xxvi. Sadaka, Hebrew word for charity, means justice, 99. 347. Saint Roch asy. unique method of raising funds for after-care wk., 99, 207. Sairey, Gamps, of ins. hosps., 94, 105. Salary and fee system, sheriffs, 03, 487. Salaries of char. org. wkrs. inadequate of, 04, 9-11; in juv. refs. tables, 85, 399; of social wkrs, 06, 451. of officers of bene. soc., 93, 451; officialism caused by over work and under pay; capacity for recreation of shd. be cultivated, 93, 451. Salisbury, Prof. A., on inst. for f. m. sch. or asy., 91. 104. Salle, Stephen, hanged for theft of less than half a mark, 85, 12. Salpetriere, size of, 99, 21, 22. Salter, W. M., and employment rel. in Phila., 94, 58. Salvage bureau of A. C. St. Paul, 94, 30, 31. Salvation Army, 84, 274; the rel. wk. of, 06, 349; annual statements of, 06, 365; Christmas dinners, 06, 358, 359, 361; colonies of, 06, 353, 354; exploitation of the unfortunate by, 06, 360; industrial homes of, 06, 351, 356, 506, 507, 512; Rider Haggard on farm colonies of, 06, 511; social scheme of, 06, 349; farm colony in England with hired laborers to do the work for the colonists, 97, 197. Sanborn, Frank B., on Wis. plan for ins., 96, 189; and reporting the conference, 94, 346; and an interstate migration bd., 99, 157; on bdg. out the ins., 02. 196. San Francisco Bay, the fishermen of, 05, 383. San Francisco disaster and the conf., 06, 496; premier fish city. 05. 385; relief San Francisco work at, 06, 549; health and morals of, 93, 438; high death rate, 05, 237. Sanatoria for consumptives, etc., see Consumptives and Tuberculosis. Sanitary marriages, 97, 301. Sanitary methods of Gt. Britain, 78, 82. Sanitary oversight of dwellings, 95, 508. Sanitary science and char. science resemblance of, 95, 149; work and the C. 0. S., 93, 77. San Quentin, prison in Calif. boys in, 87, 320; 88. 300. Saturn, temple of, for lunatics, 01, 156. Savage, Edwin H., on probation in Boston, 97, 42. Savage, Dr. Geo. H., on voluntary commitment of ins., 93, 232. Savings banks, postal, see Postal; funds and the C. O. S.. 93, 80. Savings Society, the, 87, 143; in Newport and Staten Island; collection of savings, 87, 143, 144; 98, 489. Scalps, Indian, bounties paid for by Penna. and other states, 92, 51, 52. Scandinavian immigration, 88, 430. Sceleth, Dr. C. E., on misery due to heredity, 05, 417. Schafer, Pastor, and his Leitfaden, 95, 74. Schemes for self-help of poor, 86, 176. see Creche and Day Nursury. Schoff, Mrs. Frederic and adult delinquency law, 05, 153. Scholarships for training char. workers, 03, 564. School, common, as preventive of crime, 85, 235; age, legal, 91, 126. School, a soulless stuffing machine, 01, 22; attendance law, in Balto., 02, 54; children, medical examinations of, 05, 524, 536; grounds, as gardens, 99, 395; deficiencies of, 86, 392; overpressure in, as cause of insanity, 97, 85. School of Industry, new name of former ref. sch. in Mich., 99, 393. School ship, for ref. sch. experiment abandoned, 93, 342. Schools of Philanthropy, list of, 06, 446, at Buckner Ho. Tex., 06, 70; Boston, 06, 449; Cleveland study class, 06, 445; Chicago Inst. of Soc. science, 06, 446; N. Y., school, 06, 448; lectures by Bd. of St. Char. N. Y., 06, 51; sch. in St. Louis, 04, 65; study class in Balto., 04, 53; 06, 41; preliminary course of U. of Pa., 06 63; sch. of S. P. C. C. N. Y., 06, 51; various in U. S., 04, 7; in London, 04, 8; possibilities of, 06, 450; see also Training for Soc. workers. School versus asylums for Deaf and Blind, 86. 408. Schoolhouses. soc. for betterment in N. C., 04, 82. Schooling vs. practical training, 86, 393.

Page  183 1874 to 1906 183 Schuyler, Miss L.L. and the ins. of N. Y., 98, 220. Science and religion, effects of, on human nature. 00. 15: of nursing. 90. 130. Science and sentiment in economic policy, 95, 117. Scientific char., 98. 205. Scientific men, beliefs of changing, 05, 15, 16. Scientific philanthropy, 83, 15. Scotch system for ins., 05, 423; the lesson of, 05, 424; Miss Dix and, 05, 423; lunacy commission on bdg. out, 86, 261; increase of insanity, under 95, 187. Scully, Mr., Irish alien landowner in Ill., 88. 427. Sea breeze sanatorium for t. b. ch., 05, 198. Secours a domicile, (0. D. R.), France, 90, 73. 79. Sedgwick, Prof. and polluted milk supply, 99, 125. Segregation of del. ch. and inebriates, 03. 528; of feeble-minded, epileptic, etc., see Feeble-Minded, etc. Seguin, Dr. E. C.. in Paris, 93, 203; in America. 93, 204. Self-commitment to hosps., see Insane. Self-respect of poor to be preserved, 04, 227. Seneca on drowning ill-formed ch., 85, 181; on pity as a fault of a weak spirit, 93. 266. Senior, Mrs. Nassau, and boarding-out dep, ch.. 85. 201. Sentences, varying, for similar offences, 83, 183, 201; see Crime. Serieux, Dr. Paul, on European asy. for ins., 05, 425. Service, the beauty of, 95, 522. Service, the glory of, 88, 281; beauty a factor of value; helpfulness builds character; great life is the one that serves, 88. 282-291. SETTLEMENT LAWS OF, 98, 223. cruelty of moving poor from place to place, 99. 389; laws between counties, 99, 391; domicile, original and acquired, 98, 223; derivative settlement, difficult, 98, 227; comprehension of, necessary to char. agent, 98, 229; English, 7S, 33; Smith's poor kin char., 78, 54; of Charles II., 98, 231; in U. S. and abroad, 76, 175; early, 76, 17; of Mass., 74, 8; of Mass. in 1675, 76, 17; of Mass. in 1639, 74, 8; of Mass. recent, (1874), 74, 17; preceded English law, 74, 8; derivative settlements in Mass. by marriage, parentage, birth, slavery, 74, 9; soldier's settlements, 74, 13; right to pub. rel., 98, 224; original N. E. idea. 98. 225; Settlement Laws of state poor, origin of, 98, 233; strict, advantages of, 98, 231; town, in N. H. proposed abolition of, 03, 78; uniform, 99, 162; necessity for, 99, 164; efforts to deport dependents, 99, 163; cases of injustice, 99, 163; need of a St. settlement law. 99. 165. SETTLEMENT, THE What it is; a group of educated people living together among manual workers in a neighborly spirit, 96, 167; a centre of co-operation with local bodies, 96, 128; a meeting place, 96, 125; a residence, or home, 96, 129; a social clearing house or exchange, 96, 114; the ideal social club, 96, 116; an outgrowth of the enthusiasm for humanity, 93. 274; That it is not: not a church, 96, 150; not a laboratory, 96, 130; not a college in partibus pauperum, 96, 129; not a charity organization, 96, 462. The Residents: good fellows who go to the slums to live better, 96, 463; picked men and women, 96, 116; people who prefer to live among interesting people instead of dull ones, 97, 329; "Some kind of sisters," 96, 152; people who have a preference for work that is interesting, 96, 461; British; mostly from universities, 96, 115; Ideas and meaning of: 96, 106; 97, 332; concerned with elemental needs, 96, 151; faith made evident by works, 96, 153; to arrest decadence, 96, 148; to know what people really think and feel, 97, 334; desire of personal contact, 03, 309; genuine feeling for the poor, 97, 346; virtuous people should take as much pains as vicious ones do, to be attractive, 97, 475; Things it stands for: municipal reform, 96, 138; best kind of local politics, 96, 142; recognition of social democracy, 96, 143; co-operation of civic efforts, 96, 126, 143; interpretation of the labor movement, 96, 144; labor is dull, men will be amused, give them decent fun, 03, 312, 314; What it has and does: 97, 333; clubs, 96, 108; open rooms for use, 96, 112; dances and parties, neighborhood, 97, 475; kindergartens, 96, 108; children's choruses, 96, 122; civic clubs, 96, 131; lecture centre, 96, 128; cooperation with Bd. of Health, 96, 134; free platform for discussion, social, etc., 96, 109; observation of facts, 96, 143; press the need of industrial virtues, 97, 339; change social ideals of neighborhood, 97, 339; put women on sch. bds., 96, 133; effect reforms by political

Page  184 184 CUMULATIVE INDEX. SETTLEMENT, THE means, 97, 473; defeat boodle alderman, 96, 133; features of English and Scotch settlements, 96, 110: preliminary work enquiring, organizing and program making for municipal reforms, 96, 140-142; Charities of, 96, 108; 03, 310; glimpse of char. from pt. of view of poor. 97, 346; gives higher meaning to char., 96, 123; cannot ignore call for aid, 96, 124; doing for and with the poor, 97, 330; connection with org. char., 96, 123; settlement, handmaid of C. 0. S., 03, 310; residents can give wider knowledge, 96, 124; C. 0. S. problems, 03, 308; relation between, and char. org., 02, 302; cordial in Chicago, 02. 305; strained in London, 02, 303, 304; Effects on and results with residents: benefit to those who lead the purely intellectual life. 97, 472; their ideas are modified. 97, 343; gives them the ideal associations they need, 96, 116; raising up trained observers of social phenomena, 96, 144; and education, 96, 117; indirect results may be better than direct, 96. 462; message of. to the conference, 97, 344; need all light settlements can bring, 97, 474; new idea, soon copied, with a difference, 97, 473; Pillsbury settlement, Minneapolis. 05, 62; secession from Hull House, and formation of self-education club, 96, 463; socialogical value of Hull House maps, 96. 144; spring from university life, 97, 331; statistics of settlements, 96. 168; Toynbee Hall. details of. 96, 461; university, Lincoln, Neb., 04, 69; work done in a jail, 04, 587, 592; welcome of conference to the settlements, 97, 10. Severalty and citizenship. Indian, 92, 37, 60. Sewing in ref. schs., 86, 70; how to teach, 97. 290. Sewing machines, electric, for poor women unable to use foot power, 91, 313. Sex in idiocy and insanity, 91, 223. Shady side of placing out (ch.), 85, 201. Shelley, on possible cure of ins., 94, 213. Shaftesbury, Earl of, and character, 99, 23; and Lunacy Commission in England, 95, 187; on improper detention of the ins., 94, 205; and informal commitment to secure early treatment, 92. 119. Shakespeare, on blight of evil offspring, 04, 412. Sheriff's fees, evils of system, 84, 37, 275, 325, 375; 85, 38; attempt to change to salary plan, N. J., 05, 69; salary plan for Wis., 86. 345. Shiftless husbands, 02, 378. Ship of State, not merely a merchant vessel, 98, 12. Shurtleff, Capt. Hiram, memorial, 94, 343. Sibbald, Sir John, and ins. in Scotland, 05, 424. Siberia, the American (convict-lease camp), 93, 441. Sicilian characteristics, 05, 390. Sick, care of, 05, 186; 06, 165; care in their homes, economy of, 05, 194; 05, 226; ill effects of sending the mother to the hosp., 05, 227; charlatans and the poor, 06, 170; poor, care of simple problem, 05, 583; semi-charitable hosps.; poverty caused by illness, 05, 584, 585. See also Hospitals, Dispensaries, Nursing and Medical Relief. Sickles, Mrs. Lucy M., and attendance at the conference, 06, 558. Simmons college for women and the sch. of phi., 06, 449. Simon, Jules, and orphans whose parents still live, 04, 363. Simplicity in jail construction, 97, 58. Simpson, Sir J. Y., and hospitalism, 91, 53. Single tax, to abolish poverty, 97, 276. Sir Launfal and the modern chh., 99, 30. Sisters of the Divine Compassion, 97, 133; 96, 335; Sisters of the Good Shepherd, 86, 441; 97, 133; see also, Catholic Orders; Charities system of, in Catholic chh. of St. Joseph, 86, 44; of char. 86, 44; of the poor, 86, 44; of bon, secours, 86, 44; of the working people, 86. 44. Sites for ins. hosps., 88, 68; for pub. bldgs., 92. 20. Skilton, on the sexual instinct, 04. 411. Slang, evil of, in ref. schs., 94, 153. Slavery days, 03, 540; in the South, 03, 460. Slave trade began in sale of convicts, 80..8. Sloan, Supt. (John Worthy Sch.), on?hysical condition of newsboys, 04, Sloyd, Americanized-Swedish, 04, 251; for epi., 97, 75; for f. m., 00, 328; equipping a Sloyd class room, 00, 191. Slum, delenda est., 05, 253; abolition of, 91, 135; life, how to reach, 85, 513; property, premium on, 85, 512. Small industries encouragement of, 03, 315; Sloyd more useful than ancient history, 03, 315; Zebdani and the silk industry, 03, 316.

Page  185 1874 to 1906. 185 Smallpox epidemic, Del., 02, 36. Smart, President, Purdue, on wastefulness of picking up process, of tradeteaching. 90, 226. Smith, Adam, on political economy, 03, 172; on moral sentiments, 03, 199. Smith, Dr. Edward, on amount of respiration, 98, 312. Smith, Eugene, and estimated cost of crime, 04, 445. Smith, Llewellyn, on influx of people to the city, 97, 225. Smith, Mrs. Mary Roberts, and the San Francisco fir., 06. 498. Smith, Dr. Stephen, and the family physician in insanity cases, 00, 86. Smith, Miss Zilpha D., on the A. C. office not an employment bureau, 97, 215; and her study class for char. workers, 01, 292; 03, 564. SocIAl betterment wk. N. J., reported on by bureau of statistics, 05, 70; bookkeeping, 06, 424; classes, the four true, social, non-social, pseudo-social, anti-social, 95, 115; classes, is the term scientific, 95, 110; degeneration in rural districts, 00, 115; causes of, 00, 116; street corner congregation; isolation; bad poor relief administration, etc., 00, 116-123; democracy of revolutionary times, 96, 109; equilibrium, disturbance of, 80, 124; Halls, association, N. Y., 04, 562; social life of highest value; high grade immigrants; Kosher Kitchen; Greek play at, 04, 562-564; movements, natural pioneers in, 04, 147; problem, in its elements, 99, 5; the inefficient; education and selection; amelioration of conditions, 99, 10-14; problems, nature vs. nurture, 96, 399; abnormality, mostly social, not organic, 96, 404; prevention of crime by reform of social conditions, 96, 405; psychology, 06, 105, 106; scheme, may be a hindrance, 97, 197; secretary, in hosp. for consumptives, 04, 138; secretary, in dept. store, R. I., 01, 92; standards, 05, 1; physical, mental, economic of efficiency, 05, 5-11; statistics, see Statistics; up-draught, developing, 97, 225; city life attractive; deteriorating effects of city, 97, 225-227; work, definition of, 06, 451; conscience awakening to, 06, 470; general principles of, 04, 3; workers, training for, 05, 436; in universities, 05, 436; rise of schs., 05, 437; needs of, 05, 1; technical knowledge vs. theoretical aims, 05, 2. See SOCIAL also Schools of Phi. and Training of Social Workers. Socialistic literature, its value for all, 96, 146. Society for the Friendless of Kan., 02, 49. Society to protect ch. from cruelty, N. Y., legally declared not a char. inst., 00, 340. Sociology in insts. of learning, 94, 67; no. of insts., 94, 67; historical, 94, 67; charity and correction, 94, 69; courses described, 94, 70; relation of charities to, 94, 73; reasons for; conclusions, 94, 75-78; statistics of, 94, 80; in universities and colleges, 92, 327; systematic study justified, 95, 110; in schools and colleges, 95, 122. Sohlet, Dr., on milk in t. b., 99, 125. Solarium for consumptives, 04, 84. SOLDIERS' HOMES, management of, 96, 278; depressing influence of idleness; uncongenial associations, 96, 278-9; and politics, 96, 431; strict rules of char. do not apply, 96, 432; part of pensions paid over to ho. treasury, 96, 433; nation and the veteran, 96, 281; 97, 14; generosity of govt.; pension fund; war a cause of degeneration in survivor; 97, 14-16; limitations of system; no charity in pension; bivouac of death; outside relief plan; guardianship, 97, 17-20; administration; men free to come and go; future of the homes, 97, 21-25; state: Kansas, 00, 448; Minn. admits, wives, widows and mothers, 05, 62; Wis. provides for man and wife, 96, 282; establishment in various states, 96, 283; St. homes more nearly ideal than the national, 96, 284; small % of the N. army in homes, 96, 285; Ho. at Boston, 1862, 96, 281; Benjamin Fitch in Conn., 96, 283;; to soldier, end of war was beginning of want, 96, 280. Soldiers' Orphans' Homes; Iowa, 79, 153; Minn., 89, 221; Ill., 89, 221; Ohio, 89, 222; Maine, admits grandchildren of veterans, 04, 49. Solitary labor in prison, 87, 281. Songs for the conference, 06, 601. Sonyea Colony, see Craig Colony. South, conditions and needs of, 03, 370. South Carolina, special report on, 00, 356. South Dakota, excellent progress reported in, 98. 90. Southern States, need of application of principles of char. and corr., 00, 356. Spencer, Herbert, on educational methods, 96, 356; on representative government, 00, 106; on school curriculum, 00, 3; on freedom to do, not

Page  186 186 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Spencer, Herbert, to desire, 88, 85; on supposing things are going wrong until proved right, 02, 371. on law of development, 94, 87. Spike Island, Irish prison, 86, 92. Spirit of char. org. not war spirit, 91, 361. Spiritual attitude the correct one, 04, 15. SPOILS SYSTEM: 98. 247; competitive examinations essential, 98, 250; effects of free choice by good man, 98, 251; reform by spasmn does not last. 98, 254; and efficiency, 96, 383; Cook Co. Ill., fifteen commissioners; spoils divided into 15 lots; theory of public office as private spoils, 96, 388-3T1; scandal in ins. asy.; results of investigation, 96. 389. 390; dangers of, 96, 391; case of Indianapolis St. hosp. for ins., 96, 392; Indian service, 96, 394; no good work possible with insecure tenure of office, 96, 394; merit system by competition and labor system by registration, 96, 397; essential iniquity of, 00, 34; spoilsmen guilty of murder, 00, 34; case of "Klondyke" at Kan. Sol. Ho., 00, 37; cases of Mr. Brockway and Capt. Lawrence (Blockley), 00, 39; illiterate sch. directors, 00, 40; has any party any principles, 00, 41; whole community permeated by grasping spirit, 00, 41; machine is agst. reform or improvement, 00, 42; introduced in So. Dak. insts., 01, 93; in Ohio, 80, 28; highly developed system in Indiana, (in 1889), 06. 406; battle against in Ind., 06, 406, 407; struggle with, 02, 9. See also Politics in char. and Merit System. Spring, signs of, in char. and reform, 91, 10. Stamp savings Society, in R. I., 00, 355; Standards of living, 06, 342; see also org. of char. Stanford, Mrs. Leland, and support of kindergartens, 85, 227; 87, 22. Stanley, Governor, Kansas, and personal visitation of insts., 00, 311. STATE accounting, central system of Wis., 02, 103; agency for ch. insts. work of Ind., 03, 47; agents in Mass., 92, 330; aid to non-state insts., 83, 22; aid and char. Bd. of Md., 02, 56; 00, 321; law changed, 04, 51. STATE BOARDS OF CHARITIES: 83, 19; 89, 89; 91, 154 00, 167, 82; etc.; abolition of, by Legislature, (Ohio), 81, 83; STATE BOARDS OF CHARITIES advantages of, 89, 100; 00, 186; advisory function of, 86, 19; advisory in Neb., 01, 74; an appeal to a legislature for, 89, 289; and their secretaries, appointment of, 05, 500; as bds. of control, 94, 15; defeats proper purpose, 94, 16; attacks on, 01, 26; in Mich., 91, 373; futile attacks by Gov. of N. Y., 01, 82; see also State Supervision; combination with bd. of cont., 94, 285, 286; compensation of members, 81, 46; unpaid service the best, 82, 33; paid bds., 86, 25; composition of, 86, 24; 94, 11; 98, 6; qualifications of members, 98, 6; women as members, advantage of, 94, 305, 306, 281, 282; conflict bet. bds., ill effects of, 82, 30; duty to create pub. opinion, 81, 78; to inform public as to insts. etc., 81, 80; should adapt itself to surroundings, 94, 10; particular and stated duties, 94, 13; efficient secretary of, description of, 89. 95: efficiency of, due to moral power, 84, 12; extension of, to all states urged, 86, 26; failure of, in Mo. and the cause, 84, 63; financial supervision of insts. Ill., 78, 9; functions of, 79, 27; 82, 19; 83, 35; in R. I., 77, xv.; Ill. 77, xviii.; Mass. 77, xx.; advisory functions first, executive added, 83, 35, 36; administrative powers, 82, 31, 34; executive powers, argument pro. and con., 81, 47; executive power, effects of adding, 87. 268; governor as a member, argument, re., 92, 324, 325; history of, 93, 33; history of, in Ill., 89, 294; influence should be felt in community, 86, 22; insanity, first evil to be met, 81, 5; inspection of N. Y. S. P. C. C.. denied to State Bd. of Char., 00, 340; inspection of pri. insts. by, 94, 283, 285, 286; of public and pri. insts., 90, 415; inst. accounts, effects of bd. on, in Ill., 77, xix; laws and methods sundry, 78, 9, 10, 11; list of bds., 00, 169; Calif. law for, 03, 28; Calif. influence of, 05, 34; Conn., 81, xliv.; D. of C. law, for, 00, 303; D. of C. history of, 00, 439; Kan., 81, 45; Kan. changed to 3 members, 05, 49; Ill., 81, 42; Ill. reorganized, 06, 25; Ind., 06,

Page  187 1874 TO 1906. 187 STATE BOARDS OF CHARITIES 408; La., 05, 51; 06, 30; Mass., 81, 56, 57; Mass. change of law, 86, 321; Mexico, 01, 110; Mich., 81, 43; 00, 441; Mo., 84, 63; Mo. pd. sec. for, 06, 40; Mont. bd. of 3 clergymen, 01, 74; N. H. increased powers, 97, 415; N. H. pd. sec. for, 02, 74; N. Y., 81, 39; N. Y. added powers, 99, 82; N. Y. power to transfer inmates of insts., 05, 71; Ohio, 81, 40, 81; Ohio, a perfect law, 94, 279; Penna., 81, 41; R. I., 81, 41, 46; legislation promoted by, 00, 185; need of, 80, 27; needed for Me., 04, 551; necessity of supervision, 86, 27; new member's view, 91, 162; getting acquainted with the insts., 91, 164; power limited to supervision is strength not weakness, 91, 163; opposition to, 91, 369; must work patiently to overcome, 91, 372; organization, powers and duties, 92, 13; cases leading to creation of bd., 92, 14; method of appointment, 92, 15; investigation and other work, 92, 17, 19; women on the bd., 92, 16; pauperism, and. 79. 36; popular influence of, 81, 66; powers of, 86, 23; usual powers, 90, 65; moral powers the greatest, 86, 23; public confidence essential, 98, 6; public economy by, 89, 102; relations of, to St. administration, 83, 28: to financial management of insts., 83, 25; to officials, 98, 8; to the govt. that of a counsellor, 90. 69; resignation of prest. of Bd. of St. Char. as a protest agst. the overmuch subsidizing of pri. insts. in Pa., 02, 93; results, beneficial, 88, 10; economical, 87, 100; re. ins. and almshouses in Wis., 81, 76; re. ch. in almshouses in N. Y., 81, 78; in N. Y. State, 84, 11; study of methods of char. and corr. by, 81. 61; suggestions as to law, for, 81, 73; supervision over county insts., jails, etc., 81. 69. 71; supervisory power the greatest, 87. 267; tenure of office of, 81, 75; uniform statistics collected by, 84, 11; utility of, 81, 58; check upon expense, 81, 60, 63; criticisms of requests for appropriations, 81, 64; oversight of insts., 81, 59; value of, 94, 9; to insts., 90. 412; of almshouse inspection, 90. 415; what it is and how to get it. 89, 90; work of, field of, 94, 12; accomplished, 87, 75; results of, as to insanity, pauperism, protection of ch.; crime STATE BOARDS OF CHARITIES and reformation; immigration; economy, 87, 77-100; work of, 81, 17; report on work, 81, 37; see also State Supervision. STATE BDS. OF CONTROL: 95, 37; advantages of, 04. 180; arguments for and against, 90, 64; connection with educational insts. in Minn., 02, 64; description of bd. of control, 89, 97; of Iowa, 00, 173; powers and duties, 00, 174; statistics; complaints; finances; purchase of supplies, 00, 174, 175; inspection of ins. in pri. and county asylums, 00, 181; in harmony with St. Bd. of Char., 95, 38; Kansas bd., 79, 15; 00, 438; advantage over local trustees in appointments, 00, 438; moral influence of bd., 00, 439; strict partisan bd., 00, 443; Kentucky, bd. of control, 06, 29; method of judgment of the bd's work, 95, 39; Minn. established in, 01, 68; approved by governor, 06, 528; successful work done, 06, 528; not in keeping with American idea of government, 04, 619; opposition to, 02, 375; result of prejudice and ignorance, 02, 376; objections to. 92. 329: preferable to merely supervisory bd., 95, 39; preventive work the strength of the Wisconsin board, 95, 42; separate control bd. for each inst. claimed to be best, 94, 18; state control and supervision, 02, 147; distinct functions, 02, 147; arguments for control bd., 02, 148; arguments against control bd., 02, 149; origin not usually praiseworthy, 02, 150; control bd, less objectionable in the smaller states, 02, 151; see also State Supervision and Administration. Washington, St. Bd. of Control estab., 01, 101; Wisconsin, bd., 83, 388; satisfactory to people of Wis., 95, 448; rapid political changes under the system, 95, 450; pessimism of inevitable political influence. 95, 450; versus local boards, 95, 443; effects of the strong man on, 95, 444; lack of supervision, 95, 443; fails to interest the community in its work, 95, 447; excellent results of bd. of control in R. I.. 95. 445; STATE: board of corrections, Utah, in charge of all penal insts., 05. 82; board of health, lunacy and charity, Mass. powers of, 81, 14;

Page  188 188 CUMULATIVE INDEX. STATE board of insanity, Mass., good work of, 03, 60; care act, N. Y., see Insane; charities aid associataion of N. Y., report of its work by Theodore Roosevelt, 77, xxii; work of, 93, 35; plan and work of, 75, 103, 105; work and results of, 90, 418, 420; of New Jersey, 06. 49; charities, organization of, 97, 163; log rolling in legislature, 97, 164; work of St. bd. with respect to, 97, 164; control, grounds of, 04, 182; moral obligations of; financial limits of; limits of prejudice, 04, 183-186; of dissolute paupers, 88; farm of Ga. a success, 03, 582, 588; farm of Ala., 96, 19; of Miss., 96, 19; farm of Mass. at Bridgewater, 89, 201; 03, 470; probation work of, 03, 470; secret of its success, 89, 201; institutions, administration of, 05, 495; division between St. officers; spoils system well carried out, Oregon, 05, 495, 496; institutions, list of, 94, 259; medicine, its relations to insanity and public charity. 75, 29; charitable wk. of, 75, 42; primary sch. Mass., 77. xxv; public sch. of Mich., five years work of, 79, 158; see Dependent ch. relief and individual, two systems, 91, 51; should protect the defectives before abuses arise. 98, 2. STATE SUPERVISION AND ADMINISTRATION: attacks on St. bds., 02, 122; one man power advised, 02, 122; best system the one which secures the best men, 03, 497; Bd. of control system; advantages of, 02, 140, 144; economy 04, 600; purchase by a central bd., 04, 599; the modern method, 04, 600: controversy bet. and St. Bd. of Char. system, 02, 129; 03, 361; disadvantages of, in assuming the responsibility of the supts., 02, 370; in discouraging their originality, etc., 02, 371-373; economy not the most important thing, 02. 373; extension and centralization contrasted, 04, 600; favored by laboring men, 04, 599; Iowa bd., 02, 140; appoints only the supts. of insts., 03, 499; adapted by the St. to unify inst. management, 03, 498; such bd. a necessity when local trustees are abolished, 03, 501; no politics in Ia. bd., 03. 499; STATE BOARDS OF CHARITIES Mich. experience not favorable, bd. given up after brief trial, 03, 502; system said to be undemocratic, 03, 511; testimony by a supt. in favor of, 03, 506; who is to supervise a bd. of control? 03. 504; Wis. board, whole time of members taken, 03. 507; change of opinion in Ohio, 02, 125; charity commissioner for N. J., 05, 69; conception of a system of pub. char., 05, 420; different possible systems of, 03, 495; different states, methods and results, 04, 168-177; experiences in Indiana, 02, 144; with insts., 02, 145; with O. D. R., 02, 146; limits to, 04, 180; Neb. bd. suggested to combine both functions. 03. 505: people want an unpaid democratic bd. of supervision, 03, 503; personnel of the supervising agency important, 02, 369; private charities, of, 02, 130; 03, 508; 06, 109; as to funds from public sources, 02, 130; how far shall inspection go, 02, 137; autonomy of inst. must be respected, 02, 138; to protect the wards of the state; and to protect the benevolent public. 02, 130-132; laws for in Ill., Colo., Ia., Ind., Mich., N. C., 02, 133; supervision must be wise and sympathetic, 02, 134; investigation shd. be acocrding to contract, 02, 137; private insts. reeceiving no public funds, are another question, 02, 138; special reasons for inspection of pri. ins. asy., 02, 139; private charities, not receiving public funds, 03, 508; a trust with money involved held higher than one involving life, 03, 510; clear division advisable. 03, 510; private charities, 04, 179; 06, 109; new plan in Md., 06, 35; future object of, 06, 403, 405; need of, 06, 545; by St. Bd. of Char. and St. Bd. of Control, 06. 545: public and private char. inst. Ia., 04, 39; results of study of systems in several states, 04, 602; Roman senate as example of advisory power, 03. 363; subsidies, 03, 358, 359; charity a semipublic function, 03, 358; unsettled questions, 03, 360; summary of opinion, 03, 365; sympathetic bd. of trustees advantage of, to the superintendent, 02, 372;

Page  189 1874 TO 1906. 189 STATE SUPERVISION theory of responsibility to some one, 02, 373; work in Cuba. 02. 126. States governments, 3 types of, N. E.; Penna.; Virginia, 05, 592. Statistical needs, our, 06, 418; census bureau cannot create statistics, only collect, 06, 421; tests of results by, 06, 441. Statistical records, by states, dearth of, 91, 17. STATISTICS: asked for, impossible to get, 01, 352; comparative of juv. ref., 85, 393; difficulty of collecting, 92, 251; national, sociological inquiry of the census of 1880, 81, 197; difficulty of through errors of enumerators, 81, 198; need of, 05, 573; need of full and accurate, 80, 26; for legislators, 76. 151; for pri. benevolence, 76, 154; of dependent families, 06, 434; hateful to char. workers, 06, 436; national statistical blank of 1888, 06, 435; stultifying the statistical method, 06, 434; of dependent ch. N. Y., 77, 69; of insanity, 76, 151; of juv. reformatories, 85, 387; of medical char, 76, 155; in Boston, 75, 56; of migration and immigration, 86, 253; of nativity of immigrants, 86, 257; of out-door relief, 76, 159-161; of pauperismn in U. S., 77, 20; errors of; misuse of, 77, 21, 27; uniform, by St. bds. asked, 77, 21, 22; schedule for. 77. 23; of pauperism and crime, plans and forms for, 74, 34; 75, 99; of pauperism and insanity, 85, 383; of reformatory wk., 76, 157; pauper, Ill., 87, 88; Mass., 87, 90; Mich., 87, 92; N. Y., 87, 84; Ohio. 87, 89; Pa., 87, 85; Wis., 87, 91; relation of to soc. science, 94, 86; college and office work mutually supplementary, 94. 91: report on, 06, 412; appendix to, 06, 620-625; persons to whom s, are valuable, 06, 413-424; uniformity desirable, 06, 415; 85, 390, 392; social, by bds. of St. char., 06, 422; improvements of, suggested, 06, 424; data required for usefulness; schedules proposed; devices for presentation of facts, 06, 424-434. Stature of American pub. sch. ch., 03, 152. Status of a nation in scale of humanity, tests of, 80, 265. Stead, W. T.. on Salvation Army finances, 06, 362. Stedman, Dr. H. R., on bdg.-out ins., 86, 262; on after-care of ins., 97, 76, 80. Steel jails, good and bad features, 00, 435. Sterilizing garments by ironing, 91, 58. Stevenson, Robert Louis, and life to be made far better fun, 05, 376. Stevenson, Dr. W. G., on reasons for criminality, 88, 83. Stigma of pauperism, too thoroughly removed, 01. 128, 136. Stock-raising for boys, ref. sch., 90, 225. Stocks and pillory in Del., 03, 482. Stoke farm-sch. Engd., 90, 200. Storrs, Dr., on humanity as a vital organism, 93. 269. Story of John and Mary Baker, 01, 324. Street beggars, and C. 0. S., 93, 70. Street boys Ho., St. Louis, 77, xxx. city, 03, 238; urban civilization shortens infancy, 03, 239; heroes of the street fight, gay and debonair; problem unsolved; every agency needed, 03, 240-244. Street trades, municipal regulation of, 04, 294; newsboys, etc.; semi-vagrant and truant; precocity; venereal disease of, 04. 294-298; regulations in Boston, Buffalo, Liverpool, Manchester, 04, 298; N. Y. St. law, 04, 298. Study of Sociology in colleges, 94, 6; see also SocioloOvl. Sub-division in char. wk. in Boston by case system, in Buffalo by place system, 04, 121. Subordinates, employing of, 00, 211; one man power, 00, 212. SUBSIDIES in Colo. in small towns, 01, 369; in different states, 01, 119; public sentiment against, 01, 125; circumstances presented to justify, 01, 127; difficulties; conclusion, 01, 128, 130; discouraged and reduced in D. of C., 05, 42; in Md., 02, 368; increase of, 02, 56; in N. Y., campaign against, 00, 343; on per cap. for del. girls in pri. inst. Ore., 05, 78; public to private charities, 06, 227; regulation of in N. Y., 95, 373; to pri. char. inst. in N. Y. law for, 99, 81; to private insts., 81, 173; unconstitutional in Ill.. 89. 126. Subsidy versus contract system in D. of C., 02, 38. Subsidy plan for children's insts., 05, 133. Subsidy problem in N. Y. City, 01, 131; outgrowth of necessity, 01, 132; abuses in Brooklyn; instances of subsidized insts., 01, 133; no. of people willing to do char. at pub. expense, 01, 135; new rules adopted, 01, 136. Subsistence, cost of in hosps. for ins., 96, 184.

Page  190 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Suffrage, purging of, for crime, Conn., 96, 25. Sully, James, on study of ch. psychology, 06. 238. Sunday observance at home as well as prison, 00, 4. Sunlight community in Liverpool, 03, 580. Summer outings, D. of C., 03, 40; 04, 34. Summer outings, Chicago, 04, 280; obstacles, 04, 281; ch. boasting of home comforts, 04, 281; incidents, 04, 283; results of, permanent friendships formed. 04. 283. Summer schools for ch. in Chicago, 96. 466. Summer sch. of philanthropic wk. N. Y., 04, 7. Superintendent of insts. relations with trustees, 87. 327. Superintendent of immigration, office created, 91. 192. Superintendents of poor, N. Y., annual meeting, 89, 257; 87, 320. Supervision and administration, fundamentally diverse, 03. 503. Supervision of poor, etc., imperative part of state's duty. 98. 4. Supervision of insts. by St. officials, Neb., 83, 317. Supervision of insts., 3 parties to, 05, 505. Supervision mad, the world is, 02, 374. Supervision reasonable, 02, 369; work in 0. D. R. reduction in Ind. and Ohio, 02, 368. Supervision, value of, 80, 29. Supervisors of city char. Balto. individual treatment of poor by, 02, 56. Survey of 20 years progress, 93, 1. Suspended sentence, 97, 458; see Probation and Parole. Suspended sentences for del. youth, 83, 425. Supplies, purchase of, for St. insts., 92, 20. Surveillance of ex-convicts, 97, 33. Sutton, Sir Thomas, and Charterhouse sch., 94, 224. Sweatbox and police, 05, 549. Sweatshops, children in, 03, 128; 05, 147; laws of Mass. re., 05, 57. Sweden, ref. for youth in, 84, 190. Swiss prison methods, with convict before discharge, 97, 58. Synagogue, the parent of the church, 83, 323. Syphilitic children, mortality among, 05, 415. Syphilitics, treated as lepers, 89, 232. T. Tanner J. M. and politics in Ill. 02, 331. Tables from reports from states, 96, 15, 16. Tact and wisdom in visiting ch., 98, 387. Tallack on close association of prisoners, 02, 463; on diminution of crime in Britain, 97, 30. Talleyrand, on America as a giant without bones, 88, 431. Tammany, politician and his friends in the ward, 01, 10; method of securing good pub. officials by, 98, 215; rel. by district assns. of, 94, 303. Tarde, M., on force of imitation, 98, 437. Tasmania, bdg.-out ch. in, 84, 130. Taverni, on pedagogic biology, 90, 247. Taxing the thrifty for the lazy and vicious, an injustice, 86, 32. Taxpayer, uplift the, 04, 523. Taxpayers' charities, 96, 272. Taylor, Bishop, and missionary industrial posts, 00. 272. Taxation of land values, 97, 276. Teachers, per cent of neurotics among, 05, 525. Technicalities in courts, 05, 302. Technologic system in ref. schs., 88, 215. tables of, 88, 218; teaching for pupils' benefit, not financial return, 88, 16; trades needing many hands selected, 88 216; Russian system of, 86, 156; training in reformatories, 86, 67; effects of the work bench on a bad boy, 86, 68; revolution in education, 86, 71; see also Industrial Training and Juv. Del. insts. for. Telegraph and messenger boys, 05, 148. Telegraph Hill, saving of, 05, 375; the hill in 1859, 05, 376; band of civifeeling people, 05, 379; Dante society on, 05, 382; how to do such work, 05. 383. Temporary ho. in Conn., 85, 210; law for 85, 216. Tenderloin district, people of, 02, 312. TENEMENT HOUSE committee of C. O. S. on,, Buffalo, 06, 376; crowding in, rooms, 06, 186-188; exhibit, N. Y., 00. 342; laws of, Mass., 04, 55; Minn., 04, 64; N. J., 04, 77; N. Y., law of 1901, 06, 376; attack on N. Y., law, futile, 03, 85; Penna. act, 06, 367; text of, 06, 608; management of, 95, 525; see also Rent Collecting. model, St. Louis, 04, 66; and suburban homes Co.. N. Y.. 98. 76; reform in London, 04, 496; rentals and, 03, 576, 577; in different cities, 03, 577; children allowed, 03, 578; case of Birmingham, Engd., 03, 579; table of one-family houses in various cities, 06, 610. tuberculosis in tenements, 06, 501; Tewksbury almshouse, excessive mortality in, 74, 7; hospital dept., 89, 60;

Page  191 1874 TO 1906. 191 Tewksbury Almshouse care of consumptives at, 01, 66; trained nursing in, 95, 280; training sch. in, 95, 490. Thanet, Octave, on neighborly relief in Irish famine, 91, 315. Thayer, Prof., on Indians as a people without law. 92, 26; Theft, death penalty for, 85, 12. Thompson, Prof. Sylvanus, on industrial training, 90, 226. Thrift, habit of, 97, 138; inculcating, 04. 340. Thurlow, Lord, and arm of the law to protect children, 04, 631. Thusnelda, in the triumph of Germanicus, 91. 11. Ticket-of-leave, English. 86, 96. Tilden, Gov., on appointing a woman on St. Bd. Char.. 92. 16. Tobacco in prison, results of refusing it to convicts, 76, 28; in juv. ref., 94, 115. Tolstoi, Count, on writing for a few people. 97. 342. Tougaloo University, Miss., 92, 74. Tornado rel. in Baltimore, 04, 52. Torture, judicial, 96, 3. Touch, the healing. 00. 10. Tower Hamlets pension committee, 85, 353. Town with no almshouse, a paradise for the poor, 91, 46. Toynhee, Arnold, and debt of learning to labor, 96, 143; and industry and democracy, 96, 149; life and work, 96, 106. Toynbee Hall, 96, 107, 113. Toynbee trust, and investigation as to unemployment, 99, 143. Trade schools, their place, 95, 195; apprenticeship system gone, 95, 195; N. Y. trade sch., 95, 198; the problem of the sch., 95, 199; Williamson sch. system, 95, 199; in Germany, Austria, Belgium, Paris, 95, 201-203. Trade and technical schs., 06, 395; commission on, Mass., 05, 55; schs. at St. ref. Ind., 05, 46; see also Manual Training, etc. Trade mark, honest, 05, 12. Trades Unions, benevolent features of, 96, 154; members in distress; bury the dead; help sick and disabled, 96, 154-156; home for aged printers, 96, 156; for consumptive printers, Colo., 96, 157: out-of-work benefits, employing subs. 96, 157, 158; shorter hours a help to the labor problem, 96, 160. Trained social workers, demand for, 05, 442. Training in char. wk., opportunities for, 01, 289; Boston. 01, 290; summer sch. N. Y., 01, 290; Chicago, 01, 292; N. Y. sch., 98, 481. Training of social workers, 06, 445. Training sch. of philanthropy, need of, 97, 181; idea wide-spread, 97, 182; professional standard, analogy with medicine; qualification of a director; endowment needed, 97, 183-186. Training of boys, ref. sch., 04, 568; well rounded education; primary object the cure of juv. delinquency; main purpose, not skilled mechanics, but good willing workers, 04, 568-570; see Juvenile Delinquents, etc. Transfers of inst. inmates, N. Y., 05, 71. Treating system, as cause of drunkenness, 97. 232. Trinitarians, Catholic order for redemption of captives. 86, 44. TRAMPS: 77, 102, 111; 86, 188; 95, 288; 96, 227; 03, 401; amount of drinking, surprising, 95, 295; attractions of the city, 77, 126; bibliography on methods with, 03, 411; causes of trampery, 86, 198; charity as a feeder of trampery, 77, 119; classes of, two, 96, 227; criterion for classification. 96, 228; circular of questions used in investigation, 86, 189; crimes by tramps, 77, 114; description of, 77, 112; discharge and re-employment of workmen, 95, 290; distributors of wretchedness, 79, 25; fatal discovery of living without work, 95, 296; foreign nativity of, 76, 22; % of nationalities, 86, 193; German wander-year, 77, 108; Hakluyt on tramps, 77, 102; hospitality of citizens as a cause, 77, 103; honest laborers as tramps, 77, 105; invasion of, has changed social habits, 77, 105; laws, in Mass. for concerted action, 04, 56; 05, 56; act of R. I., 77, 128; in Wis., 86, 401; laws suggested, 86, 201; legal definition of, in Mass., 77, 120; good laws need to be enforced, 95, 297; strictness of laws, re, 79. 25; measures, suggested, 86, 197; a passport system, 77, 127; methods employed in modern cities, 03, 414; tables of, 03, 415; moral measures, 95, 298; British casual ward, etc., 77, 115; temporary treatment ineffectual, 77, 122; need of labor as condition of relief, 77, 110; difficulty of relief by work, 77, 107; inadequacy of, 77, 121; often a skilled workman, 95, 289;

Page  192 192 CUMULATIVE INDEX. TRAMPS origin of the tramp, 97, 157; other countries, tramps in, 86, 205; plan of St. char. aid assn., 77, 122; argument for its economy, 77, 125; police treatment of, 77, 120; in stations, 77, xxiv; political use of, 77, 131; problem of the, 95, 288; the easiest problem to solve, 96, 9; professional, a criminal, 77, 106, 117; repulsion vs. expulsion, 96, 229; results in Ann Arbor, Mich., 96, 230; rural tramp, the, 03, 401; the poorhouse a hosp. for, 03, 401; brought by railroads, 03, 403; small cities, the tramp in, 96, 227; statistics of, no. in Boston, (1875), 77, 105; statistics in Mass., 95, 288, 302; temptation aggravated by results of civil war, 77, 103; undiscriminating sympathy, 96, 229; union card as a passport for mechanic, 77, 109: Wisconsin, tramps in. 76, 22; women and girl tramps, 03, 517; work on highways for, 77, 132; Transients and transportation, in Kan. 02, 386; the Jewish char. conf. and the transients, 02, 386X; letter from mayor of St. Louis on char. transportation, 02, 387; committee report on transportation, 02, 388. Traumatic epilepsy, 96, 442. Travelers aid dept. W. C. A. Louisville, 04, 43; Travelers aid soc. women and girls, Ore., 05, 78; Traveling libraries, Del., 99, 49; N. J., 99, 80. Tread mills, given up in England, 03, 583. Trevelyan, Sir Charles, and civil service reform, 96, 434; Tribe of Ishmael, 88, 154; 91, 227; 95, 142; 98, 297; 99, 9, 370; a study in social degradation, 88, 154; and syphilis, 89, 233, 265; marriage relations in, 90, 435. Trinity parish, New Orleans, work to aid the poor to self-help, 96, 43. Truancy law, Kan., 03, 52; N. H., 99, 77. Truancy the primary sch. of crime, 04, 279. Trudeau, Dr. E. L., and the Adirondack Sanitorium, 05, 234. Tubercle bacilli in dust, long time virulent. 99, 126. TUBERCULOSIS: associations and societies, sundry, 05, 237; soc. New Haven, 03, 36; soc. N. H., 04, 72; efforts in N. C., 04, 84; national society, 05, 233; campaign agst. Mich. and results, with chart, 02, 235; campaign, D. of C., TUBERCULOSIS 04, 34; campaign, educational, N. Y, 06, 51; warfare agst. national campaign, 05. 233; causes of, diseases of occupation, 02, 502; unsanitary workshops, 02, 502; poverty and vice, 99, 127; infected meat and milk. 99. 124; commissions, St. and other, Md., 02, 55; 04, 51; St. Louis, 04, 66; Vt., 03, 102; Ia., Bd. of Cont. to investigate, 04, 38; committee on, N. Y., work of, 03, 569: communicable, 02, 218, 499; communicable vs. contagious, 02, 219; most dangerous communicable disease, 02, 233; consumptive harmless except for careless habits, 02, 238; spitting habit, 06, 184; no need for phthisisphobia, 02, 505; unjust stigma of disease, 05, 492; dangers of, 99, 129; spread of, 99, 130: in cattle, 99, 131; infection of houses, with cases, 05, 587; infection of h. and neighborhood, 99, 122; infection in dust and in milk, 99, 124 -126; dispensaries for, 06, 183; dispensary class for negro patients, 05, 236; extent of, t. b., 99, 120; no. who die every year, 02, 500; loss, annual, in people and in money, 06. 182, 185; death rate in Philadelphia, 06. 605; Henry Phipps inst. for. at Phila., 03, 97; insurance agst. governmental, 02, 226; state insurance impracticable, 02, 503; justice more than char. needed, 02. 501; landmarks of the work, 05, 233: what has been accomplished and what needs to be, 05, 233-239; local opposition to the location of a city hosp. for t. b.. 01, 83; municipal responsibility for the spread of, 99, 118; nature of disease, 02, 219; presumed certain fatality, an error. 05, 492: recoveries, 05, 255; 03, 571; arrested or cured. 03. 571; preventable disease, 02, 232; prevention of, 02, 237; education needed for, 02, 236; tenement h. reform as prevention, 02, 224; visiting nurses and prevention, 06, 193; methods of prevention, 99, 127; struggle not so much to cure within as to prevent without, 99, 119; public insts. t. b. in, 05, 240; prisons and other penal insts.; and statistics of, 05, 241, 242; hosps. for ins., almshouses, 05, 247, 249; sanatoria and hospitals, 02, 239; kinds of insts. needed, 02, 240; sanatoria and houses of rest, 05, 235; unnecessary cost of many bldgs. for, 05, 490;

Page  193 1874 to 1896. 193 TUBERCULOSIS. 05, 253; sanatoria unoccupied, 06, 168; D. of C., 03, 38; St. in Minn., 04, 64; 05, 61; St. in Ohio, 04, 91; St. R. I., 03, 98; St. N. J., 02, 77; N. Y., 00, 339; Raybrook, N. Y., 05, 73; bldg. for, at Tewksbury almshouse, 01, 66; Rutland, Mass., 03, 571; Del., with ins. hosp., 04, 30; city Cincinnati, 99, 132; Seattle, pub. tent colony, 04, 108; Oregon, tent sanatorium, 05, 78, 254; total no. beds in hosps, etc., 05, 234; Maine, pri. with St. subsidy, 05, 54; camp, pri. Minn., 05, 61; Va. tents for t. b. prisoners at St. prison, 05. 83; insts. at work or bldg., 02, 223; municipal hosps. for, 99, 345; national sanatorium needed, 99, 345; sanatorium bill vetoed by Govr. N. H., 03, 77; something must soon happen, 02, 501; state and municipal control of, 06, 182; study and prevention of, 05, 198; tenement houses and t. b., 06, 501; treatment, early recognition, 05, 493; in sanatorium preferable, 05, 252; no specific curative climate, 02, 508: early treatment, 02, 220; removal of patient, 02, 221; ample food, 02, 222; separation in general hosps., 03, 572; open-air treatment, 05, 250; 05, 487; by visiting nurses in Chicago, 05, 488; in Oregon inst.. 05, 489; tent life for, 03, 575; 05, 249; what to do with the consumptive poor, 02, 218; what to do with consumptives, 02, 231; Tuke, Drs., on boarding out ins., 91, 179; on the Wis. plan for ins., 85, 113; and unlocked doors on ins. wards in Scotland. 93, 247; and the York Retreat for ins., 01, 160; on after-care of the ins., 05. 341. Tuke fund for assisting emigration from Ireland. 90. 284. Tuley, Dr. H. E., on mortality of syphilitic ch.. 05, 415. Turkish baths for the sick poor, 02, 483. Turn-cradle, for foundlings in Cuba, 01, 108. Turning out officers with administrations, 00, 29. Tuthill, Judge R S., on probation officer as keystone of arch, 04, 368. Twentieth century alignments, 00, 1. Twine industry in Minn. St. prison, 98, 64. Twining, Louisa, and almshouse reforms, England, 04, 143. Tyler of Natal, and the Zulu who wanted a shirt, 00, 272. Typhoid, protection agst., 05, 191, U. Ufford, Walter S., and the unified societies in Balto., 03, 57. Under-consumption, 97, 274. Underground jails, 94, 248. Under-nourishment of poorer laboring classes, 06, 344. Unemployed, a certain normal number, 94, 22; Unemployed in cities, 99, 413. Unemployed labor, a successful experiment with, 94, 58. Unemployed rich, work for, 04, 509. Unemployed in N. Y., 94, 22. Unhelpable cases, is it a misnomer, 99, 355. Unification of C. 0. S. and A. I. C. P. in Baltimore, 98, 58. Uniform statistics, see Statistics. Uniforms in ref. sch., 86, 70. Union Bene. Assn. of Phila., 93, 98. United American Educational club, 96, 118. United Charities Bldg. New York, 91, 117, 365. United effort for reform in Md., 02, 54. United States prisons, territorial, etc., 84, 379; 86, 107; jail in Utah, 86, 110; jail in Washington, D. C., 86, 107; other U. S. jails, 86, 109, 110, 111; see also Prisons. Universities, relation to char. and ref. wk., 95, 143; leading factor in scientific revolution, 95, 144; fountain head of applied science, 95, 146. University extension in social wk., 04, 7. University, the services of, 95, 113. University settlement, N. Y., 96, 108. University. teaching of social economics, 91, 159. Unmarried mothers, 94, 352. Unpaid bd. of char., see St. Bds. of Char. Unsettled poor, see Settlement Laws, etc. Unused land, vegetable gardens on, 97, 202. Usury, evils of extortionate, 95, 506. UTtilizing wasted humanity, 05, 468. Uzzel, Rev. Thomas, and unemployed in Denver, 94, 55, 57. V. Vacant lots utilization of, for unemployed in Del., 99, 50; in R. I., 00, 355; in N. Y., 96, 76; see also Pingree Plan. Vacation playgrounds, in St. Louis, 01, 72; schools, 04, 480. Vagabondage, suppression of, in Wis., 83, 43; and drink, 96, 27, 87, 101. Vagabonds, married, 95, 514; probation law for, 95, 515; removal of wife and ch., 95, 517; method with, in Norwich, Conn., 95, 519; suspended sentence for, 95, 519; reformative treatment, 95, 520; futility of short jail sentence often repeated, 95, 521,

Page  194 194 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Vagrancy, 81, 131; vagrant a pirate on char., 81, 131; demoralization of, remedy by labor, stoppage of O. D. R., ordinance of city of Detroit; cooperation of police, 81, 133-137. Vagrancy, not a new social disease, 96, 232; middle-ages, treatment; various causes; insanity of vagrants; Count Rumford in Bavaria; beggar colonies of Holland and Belgium; short sentences useless, 96, 233, 234. Vagrancy, tramp laws of Conn., 80, 279; Cain, the original tramp, 80, 27S; successful suppression, 80, 278; causes of v., 85, 469; stringent vagrancy laws, N. C., 05, 73. VAGRANTS: classes of, with different treatment required, 03, 406; 03, 465; tramp the product of an economic law, 03, 468; use of work test, 03, 469; colony for, at Merxplas, Belgium, 91, 168; definition of, 78, 57; individual, 03, 416; the "yegg" cracksman, 03, 416; policing of R. Roads 1st step to suppression, 03, 417; 03, 466; 03, 477; repression to lead to constructive work for, 03, 417; public schools need adaptation to life, 03, 475; city street boy is the source of the tramp, 03, 477; no cure-all available, 03, 477; knowledge is ahead of practice, 03, 480; re-instatement by the municipal lodging house, 03, 404; city a magnet, the wanderlust or road fever; evils of cheap lodging houses, 03, 405-410; social parasite or social product, 03, 379; vagrancy a curable disease; the vagrancy of giving; census indispensable, 03, 380-385; tell the truth about mission coffee and similar debaucheries of generous impulses; various things to do, if we dare, 03. 383. Valley of Idleness and Valley of Industry an allegory, 90. 86. Vanderbilt, Mrs. W. K., and visiting nursing, 05. 614. Van Gieson, Dr., and four periods in treatment of the ins., 01, 161. Vaux, Richard, and problem of negro convict. 03, 444. Veiller, Lawrence, and tenement houses, 01, 313, 349; 04, 491. Venereal disease as cause of poverty, 05, 401; effects of, in Hawaii, 89, 229; on Indian reservations, 89, 230. Ventilation, artificial often fails, 91, 356; training sch. for inst. architects needed, 91. 358. Very, Miss, and vacation schs., 06, 398. Veterans and wives, homes for, 95, 372; see also Soldiers' Homes. Vice, crime and beggary do not die from neglect, 94. 12. Vice, punishment of, 80, 68. Vicious persons, separation in jails, Mass. 04, 55. Victor Hugo and the origin of Jean Valjean, 03. 229. Victoria order of nurses, 01, 212. Village industries in Europe, 97, 246. Visitation between insts., value of, 89, 258. Visiting Nursing Association, records, 06, 193; 95, 262; see also Nursing. Visitors, auxiliary, St. Bd. Mass., 04, 126, 129; men and women, 04, 132. Visitors, volunteer, difficulty of arranging, 85, 482; organization of, 84, 69; methods of agents with, 84, 70. Visits to insts. by business men commended, 89^ ix. Vision of sch. ch. 200,000 tested. 97. 312. Voisin, Dr., and idiot sch. in Paris, 93, 203. Voluntary commitment of ins.; see Insane. Volunteer assistants to city rel. officers, N. Y., 78, 60. Volunteer worker, 03, 303; extension of, test of agent's success, 03, 304; irregular v. work. 03. 306. Von Hoist, Professor, on spoils system, 98, 245. Von Moltke, and war as a science, 91, 14. Von Vogt, Baron Casper, and the Hamburg method, 97, 175. W. Wade, Rufus, chief factory inspector in Mass., 03, 137. Wadham and Balliol Houses, as germs of colleges, 96, 113. Wages earned by women, 88, 422; of widows, 88, 421; of working girls, results of insufficient, 95, 11; of placedout girls, 04, 326. Wages, high, best scheme for the distribution of wealth, 04, 521. Wages of boys, 03, 516. Wages of negroes in the S., 99, 412. Wald, Miss Lillian D., and visiting nursing, 05, 257. Waldstein, Lewis, on the unconscious self. 99. 266. Walker, General Francis, and race suicide caused by immigration, 06, 307. Wall paper, germs in, 13 layers, 05, 271. Waltham system for nurse training, 90, 126. Wards Island Hosp. as an immigrant asy. Ward, Mrs. Humphrey, and Marcella, 99, 27. Warner, Amos G., and the char. of D. of C., 06, 228, and the statistics of poverty, 06, 435ffi on Chalmer in Glasgow, and Elberfeld plan, 04, 120; on quicksand foundation of pub. insts., 97, 256; on causes of pauper

Page  195 1874 TO 1906. 195 Warner, Amos G., ism, 03, 116; on supposed American quarantine agst. poverty, 00, 109; on degradation of politics by municipal and county affairs, 00, 110; on the almshouse as fundamental, 01, 139; as supt. of char. D. C., 91, 116; on migration of paupers, 92, 84; memorial, 00, 446. Warner, Dr., on the presence of fault in a ch.. 00. 76. Washburn, overseer of poor, on public out-door aid, pauper making, 00, 144. Washington, Booker T., as benefactor of his race, 98, 479; who is right Dr. Washington or Du Bois? 04, 267. Washington policy with the Indians versus Jefferson's theory, 92, 47. Waste from careless char. methods, 99, 109; 01, 144. Waste of food, 01, 174-183; 05, 191. Waterlow, Sir Sydney H., and improved dwellings, (England), 95, 498. Wayfarer's Lodge, (Boston), origin and early history, 85, 321; methods and results of, 86, 204, 205; proposed act, 86, 201; in Louisville, Ky., 95, 94; see also Wood-yards. Wealthy, generosity of, 91, 318. Weapons, carrying of, by different races, 83, 164. Webb, Sidney, history of trade unionism, 96, 147; and Beatrice, dividing line between employable and non-employable, 99, 10. Weber, Dr., on reduction of accidents by safety devices, 03, 346. Webster, Daniel, on religion and good citizenship, 98, 365. Wedlock, when forbidden, 97, 303. Weimar, Germany, compulsory education, A. D.. 1619. 04. 275. Welfare of the poor, 99, 356. Wells Memorial Institute, Boston, 94, 287. Wells, Mrs. Kate Gannett and marriage restriction, 06, 40. Welsh, Herbert, and Indian Rights Assn., 96, 394. Westphalian Brotherhood and Deaconnesses at Bielefeld, 94, 192. Wesley, John, on solitary religion, 04, 220. Wey, Dr., at Elmira, and physical culture, 91, 100. Whipping post, in Del., 85, 38; 03, 481; much misunderstood, 85, 430; women and ch. excluded from the spectacle, 04, 28; in Oregon, 05, 552; 05, 601; man publicly whipped while National Conference was in session, 05, 601. Whipping for certain offenses, proposed in Conn., 01, 45. Whipping insane in olden time, 01, 157, 159. Whitaker, Herman, on Dr. Barnardo's wk., 01. 220. Whitechapel, birth rate, 88, 238; Denison and Toynbee in, 96, 107, 110. Whitefield, George, estab. orphans' ho. in Ga.. 01. 205. Whittier sch. Calif., description of, and debate on, 94, 288. Wholesale methods in ch. insts., 05, 125. Wichern, Dr., on the word of God, and music in ref. schs., 04, 328; and the Rauhe Haus, 90, 187, 213; began work in 1833, 01, 256. Widowed mothers, pensioning of, 05, 598. Widows with children, help of, 05, 125; laboring mother injustice of, 88, 420; methods with, taking ch. from, 88, 422. Widows as care-takers of ins., 02, 189. Widows, poor, with dep. ch., 88, 137; 05, 125; no separation, except on moral grounds, 88, 138; quarters of; day nurseries; supplement of income; friendly visitors for, 88, 138 -140; with working ch. investigation of numerous cases of, re. ch. lab. laws, 03, 116. Widow, the typical New England, 88, 419, 421. Wife beaters, 02, 10, 33. Wife desertion, penalty for, in La., 02, 51; in Boston, 02, 383; see also Desertion. Wilbur, Dr. Harvey B., at Barre, Mass., 93, 206; at Albany, 93, 207; his work for the f. m., 83, xxx. Wild cat pri. char. all closed out in Colo., 03, 33. Wilhelmsdorf Labor colony, 91, 169. Wilkin, Judge, juv. ct., Brooklyn, on excessive severity of laws against children, 05, 152. Willard Asy. for ins., methods of, 80, lxxv; economy of, 91, 177; dietary in, 01, 177. See also Insane. Willard, Miss Frances, on each worker thinking his own work the most important, 94, 343. Willard Parker Hosp. N. Y., 06, 179, 180. Williamson, Mrs. E. E., and Bd. of ch. guardians in N. J., 04, 311. Williamson, Isaiah T., and trade schs., 95, 199. Wilmarth, Dr. A. W., on brain study of f. m., 84, 256. Wilson, George S., and char. of D. of C., 06, 228. Wilson, Woodrow, on modern idea of St., 00, 109. Windows in negro cabins, 02, 474. Wines, Dr. E. C., on development of care of ch. in England, 04, 361; on religion in ref. wk., 04, 327; on prison as a place of sighs and groans, 04,

Page  196 196 CUMULATIVE INDEX. Wines, Dr. E. C., 435; and International Prison Congress, 86, 102. Wines, F. H., on the census, 94, 110; resignation from St. bd. char. of Ill., 99, 55. Winifred Masterson Burke Foundation, for convalescents, 05, 207. Winter of '93 in Buffalo, 94, 301 Winthrop, John, (1629), on reasons for emigration, 78, 155. Wisconsin act for care of ins., 91, 84; see Insane. Wise, Dr., on the evolution of hosps. for ins., 96, 180. Wisconsin change in St. Bd., 91. Wistar, Isaac J., on prison officials learning by experience, 96, 385; and resignation from Bd. of St. Char. as protest against too many St. subsidies, 02, 93. Wolfer, Henry, on connection between crime and insanity, 05, 320. Woman architect for epi. colony, 01, 31; factory inspectors, Wis., 01, 477. Woman's Board, as aid to St. bd. wk. in R. I.. 83. 51. W. C. T. U. jail and prison wk. in Neb., 83, 460. Woman's relief corps, objects of, 96, 290; origin of; work by years; total amount of relief given; its part in history and patriotism, 96, 291-294. Women, co-operation of in philanthropy, 91, 230; 92, 216; in A. C., 91, 233; bds. of char., 81, 322; 91, 232; bds. of various states, 91, 235, 236; 92. 218; desired on bds., 81, 322; 89, 217; on bds. of pub. insts. Balto.. 96, 47; appointment on bds., reasons for, 91, 241; 92, 220; as visitors to St. insts., 91, 340, 341; in kindergarten management, 91, 238; co-operation in early days, Conn., 91, 231. Women, erring and criminal, treatment of, 80, 249; laws for, seem only for punishment, 80, 250; vagrant women in New York, (1878), numbers of, 80, 251; ref. for women needed, 80, 251; women's prisons in Mass. and Ind., 80, 261; feeble-minded, cost of neglect greater than cost of care, 95, 162; municipal ho. for needed, 05, 419; nurses, in men's ins. wards, 96, 36; physicians for the ins., 85, 443; physicians in hosps. for ins. by St. law in N. Y., 91, 344; reformatory for, at Bedford, N. Y., 02, 82; visitors, salaried, for St. bds., 91, 327. Women and girls as tramps, 03, 517. Women's clubs; Catholic, Louisville, phil. wk. of, 04, 43; and playgrounds, 06, 399; in legislative fights for reforms, Mass., 05, 60; pay probation Women's clubs, officers and have charge of detention ho. in Calif., 05, 36; work of in St. Louis, 02, 68; suffrage club, Ore., phil. wk. of, 04, 46; co-operation in various reforms, Denver and Chicago, 91, 337. Women's prison in Ind., 88, 206; employment, religious exercises; discipline, firm but mild, 88, 207-209. Women's ref. commission for, in N. J., 03, 80; efforts for in Maine, 04, 49. Women's wages, low, as cause of poverty, 88, 422. Wong Chin Foo, and his invitation to Confucius, 87. 350. Woods, Robert A., on errors of C. O. S. with the lower class of poor, 02, 311. Woodward, C. M., director of the Manual Trg. Sch., St. Louis, 90, 225. Woodyards, attracting vagrants to city, 92, 376; methods in various places, 92, 442; provident, in Boston, 81, 161. Worcester, Dr. Alfred, on training nurses, 90, 122; and Waltham system, 02, 211. Wordsworth on awful modesties of sorrow, 04, 17. Work, irregular in Gt. Britain, evil effects of, 88, 238. Worker, trained, marks of, 04, 2; three points of, 04, 4; purposes of, 04, 6; preparation of, 04, 1. Workhouses, 00, 48; district system proposed, 78, 16; 99, 102; to replace Co. jails, as places of imprisonment after sentence, 84, 373, 374; in Del., 99, 49; 02, 35; economic number of prisoners, 80, 31; improvements suggested, 00, 49; reforms needed, 00, 50; the workless workhouse, 00, 49. Workhouses, in Conn. sometimes the name of the town almshouse, 94, 236. Workhouse test, the, (almshouse), 90, 76, 79. Working class, scorn of char. enterprises, 94, 24. Working girls, ho. for, 89, 228. Working homes for blind, 96, 88; see Blind. Working men, heroism of, 06, 466. Working men's clubs, 96, 115. Working men's loan assn., 95, 5. Working men's insurance, 03, 523; special committee appointed, 02, 377; division of labor between committee members, 03, 523; provisional report of committee, 04, 566; in Germany, 05, 445; cost of, 05, 446- from an employer's standpoint, 06, 457. Workingmen's sch. N. Y., Felix Adler's 87, 298. Workless man, what to do with, 99, 141; one-sided judgment; the most difficult social problem; investigation by

Page  197 1874 to 1906 197 Workless man: Toynbee trust, 99, 142-144; unemployed on charity, 99, 145; work test, adequate, necessary; sundry investigations into causes, 99, 146, 147. Workshops for blind, 86, 235; see also Blind. World's Fair in prospect, stimulates reforms in Mo., 03, 71. Wright, A. 0., memorials, 06, 527, 559, 561. Wright, Carroll D., on statistical instruction, 94, 91; on the unemployed. 99, 143; on industrial depression. 86, 198, 208; on support of families by fathers of different trades, 03, 120. Wynne St. farm, Texas, 05, 245. Y. Yates, Gov. Ill. and appointment of Sec. of St. Bd. Char., 02, 333. Yellow fever eliminated from Havana, 02, 273. Yiddish, lectures in, 04, 478. York Retreat for ins. England, 92, 114; 01, 160. York, Rowntree's analysis of poverty in, 02, 273. 309. Young ch. placed in families, direct, 96, 328; see ch. placing out. Younger brothers in Minn. St. prison, 01, 32. Youth of criminals, 91, 224. Z. Zebdani, near Damascus, and the silk industry, 03, 316. Zeitgeist and the weak minded failures, 02, 164.

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Page  [unnumbered] The National Conference of Charities and Correction. PUBLICATIONS. The Proceedings of the Conference are published annually. Recent volumes contain about 675 to 700 pp., bound in cloth. The membership subscription includes a copy sent free to each member. The Proceedings for 1907 are now ready. Price $2.00. The Proceedings are sold to State Boards and Societies at a liberal discount in quantities of ten copies or more. Files. Complete files of the Proceedings from 1874 down can no longer be procured, but many of the most valuable volumes are still in stock. Beginning with 1884 they are all available (except 1885). They are for sale as follows: Volumes prior to 1893 at one dollar per copy, cloth; seventy-five cents paper (only a few numbers are in paper); from 1893 to date, one dollar and twentyfive cents each; current volume two dollars. These prices include postage or express. A liberal discount is made on purchases of ten or more volumes. There are frequent demands for full sets, and the Secretary will be glad to exchange with, or buy from, owners of volumes of an earlier date than 1887 (except 1884 and 1886) on liberal terms. Please write to the Secretary if interested. The National Bulletin. The BULLETIN is used as a medium of communication between the Executive Committee and the members. After ten years of publication, a recent ruling of the U. S. Post-office department excludes the BULLETIN from the mails as second class matter. In consequence of this ruling the form of the BULLETIN has been changed, and, while there will be four or more issues each year, it will no longer be necessary to make it a quarterly. As before a copy of each BULLETIN will be sent to every member of the Conference and it is hoped to make it increasingly valuable. Single copies price twenty-five cents. Guide to the Proceedings. A help to the study of Charities and Correction by means of the Proceedings of the National Conference. About 450 pp., cloth; will be ready about April 1st, 1908. Price $2.00 or by mail post-paid, $2.25. The 34 volumes of the Conference contain an unequalled collection of material for study in the departments with which it is concerned; but the most useful papers and discussions on a given subject are distributed through so many volumes as to be practically inaccessible to the busy man, nor do the titles always give an accurate idea of the whole contents of papers. The Guide consists of brief reviews of more than 1200 papers, addresses and reports contained in the volumes, with references to about 2000 passages in the Discussions and the Reports from States. These are arranged into chapters with sub-titles. The comparative importance to the student of the different articles on a given subject is indicated partly in the text and partly by the size of type used.

Page  [unnumbered] IN PAMPHLET FORM. A number of papers, read at recent Conferences, are available in pamphlet form and may be ordered from the Secretary at prices quoted below. In all cases remittance should accompany the order. Stamps, in any amount, are acceptable. Orders may be made by number. Pamphlet PAPERS OF 1906. Number. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Number. Price, Postpaid 1. Charitable Finance, Report, Tucker; Philanthropy and Single Ten Accountancy, Cleveland; Raising Funds, Ufford; Copies Copies Making a Budget, Patterson; Financial History, age ent ent Ginger....................................... 32 10 50 2. Co-ordination of Child Helping Agencies, Williams... 8 5 25 3. Dominant Note of Philanthropy, Devine............. 11 5 25 4. Efficiency in Institutions, Hanly................... 11 5 25 5. Feeble-Minded Blind, Alien....................... 3 2 5 6. Government and Municipal Pensions, with tables and bibliography, Butler........................... 24 10 50 7. Immigration, Report, Lee; New Immigration, Williams; How make laws effective, Brandenburg; Ethnic Forces, Fishberg; Race Effects, Marshall..... 49 15 75 8. Juvenile Courts and Probation, Folks; The Judge and Probation Officer, Mack......................... 15 5 25 9. Statistics, Report, Butler; Statistical Needs, Koren; Statistics of Needy families, Brandt.............. 26 10 50 10. Working Men's Insurance, Report, Henderson; The Employer's Standpoint, Vanderlip; Need of Insurance, Fetter.................................... 19 10 40 PAPERS OF 1907. 11. Burden of Feeble Mindedness, Butler............... 13. Children, Study from Institution Standpoint, Reeder.. 14 Children, Study from Home Finding Agency Standpoint, Durand.................................. 15. Defectives, Special Classes and Special Schools, Rich 16 10 10 5 25 3 15 3 15 m an.......................................... 12 3 15 16. Defectives, Education and Employment of Deaf, Tate. 4 2 10 17. Defectives, Public Provision for the Blind, Hamilton.. 6 2 10 18. Insane and Epileptic, Report, Copp................. 14 5 25 19. Insane, Voluntary Patients, Adams................. 4 2 10 20. Insane, Pavilion F, at Albany, with floor plans, &c., M osher........................................ 12 5 25 21. Insane, Hospitals for Acute and Recoverable, Barrett.. 12 5 25 22. Needy Families, Report, Gutridge................... 9 3 15 23. Needy Families, Friendly Visiting, Richmond......... 12 5 25 24. Needy Families, C. O. in Smaller Cities, McDougall.... 16 5 25 25. Prison and Police, Jail Cases, Cooley................ 9 3 15 26. Prison and Police, Modern Problems, Wolfer......... 7 3 15 27. Prison and Police, Police System, Sylvester........... 4 2 10 28. School Hygiene, Broader Motive, Allen.............. 10 5 25 29. State Supervision of Private Charities, White......... 4 2 10 30. Statistics, Report, Koren.......................... 8 3 15 31. Statistics of Poverty and Pauperism, Hoffman........ 23 10 40 32. Welfare of School Children, Williams................ 10 5 25 33. Institution as Laboratory, Johnstone................ 15 5 25 N. B. The pamphlets of 1906, or the pamphlets of 1907, sent for fifty cents. The full set as above (1906 and 1907), for seventy-five cents. Any assorted ten of the pamphlets priced five cents or less, sent for twenty-five cents. Other assortments in proportion. Special prices made on large quantities. Send orders to 2139 No. Penna. St., Indianapolis, Ind.

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