Black ink painting of bamboo shoots around rocks. Writing located in the lower left side of the painting.
A painting of bamboo and rocks, common subjects of Chinese literati painting, which Chikuto had been heavily influenced by. The bamboo and rock are often associated with the Confucian ideal of resilience in hardship.
A rock dominates the image, with orchids and grasses growing next to it. Calligraphic text accompanies the image, places above the rock, with three seals.
Creating cooperative works with peer artists has been a fashion closely connected to the literati’s painting concept and practice. As modes of personal expressions, according to literati theory, paintings are created for private occasions and are shared and appreciated among circles of friends. The cooperative work celebrates respectful mutual relationships and reinforce affections among the painters participated.
Chang collaborated with two friends from the Seven Friends Painting Club, Liu Yantao and Gao Yihong. Naturally, in a cooperative work, each artist often takes on a subject best representing his/her talents. Appealing to scholar-artist, the elegance and subtle fragrance of orchids have long been regarded as the emblem of righteous gentlemen, thus a suitable subject for scholars alike.
A rock wall in the background. And a man with a scraggly beard and white plastic helmet in front of it. His hands are in the air and the left is holding a cigarette, wearing a long-sleeve shirt with patterns on it.
This black and white chalk drawing on blue paper depicts a loosely sketched landscape featuring rock formations and small hills. The rocks in the foreground are highlighted in white chalk as is what appears to be a glimpse of sky in the upper right corner.
Verso, inscribed in red paint on canvas over u. horizontal support member of stretcher, l. portion: 80.19; in black marker on canvas, u.l.: BOSMAN; label, on c. horizontal support member of stretcher: Brooke Alexander, Inc./20 West 57th Street/New York, N.Y. 10019/STOCK NO. [black letterpress] 80-025 [typescript]; to the right: ARTIST [black letterpress] RICHARD BOSMAN [typescript]/TITLE [black letterpress] MAn, Rock & Ship 1980 [typescript]/MEDIUM [black letterpress] oil on canvas/34 x 51 1/2 inches [typescript]/EDITION [black letterpress]