A group of soldiers stand and sit in a landscape; some face the camera while others are posed engaged in conversation. Behind them stand several tall trees and between them a tent with the flaps decorated with an American flag. Seated alone to the left is a young African-American man holding a broom.
Mathew Brady was a successful photographer with studios in both Washington, DC and New York City. When the American Civil War broke out, Brady sought permission to travel with the Army to document the war. After securing permission, he trained and stationed teams of photographers equipped with mobile darkroom wagons throughout the areas of fighting. As he said, "I had men in all parts of the army, like a great newspaper." Brady covered all the expenses out of his own funds.
Although other photographers, notably Roger Fenton in the Crimean War (1853-56), made photographic records of battlefields, Brady's effort with his teams of photographers made the Civil War the first protracted war that was comprehensively documented through the new medium of photography.
Signed and dated by the artist over the scene of plum blossoms,: For Mr. Hai-shan, on an autumn day of Hsin-yu (1861) painted in the guest house of the Bambooshoot Stream. Hsiu-shui nü-shih, Ch'ien Fei-chung. (Hai-shan hsien-sheng ch'ing-shu hsing-yu ch'iu-jih hsieh yü Sun-hsi k'e shê. Hsiu-shui nü-shih, Ch'ien Fei-chung.) Colophon by Wu Yün (1811-1883), in the calligraphy (3): "Hai-shan jen-ti ta-jen cheng, P'ing-chai Yün."
A white marble statue of a young female figure, leaning forward holding a staff with eyes closed, her left hand held up to her right ear. A flowing, wind-swept garment drapes the figure. On the base to the left of the figure is a broken capital of a Corinthian column lying on its side.
Based on a character from Edward Bulwer-Lytton's popular 1834 novel, “The Last Days of Pompeii,” Nydia is a blind girl, who had been stolen and sold into slavery, and was bought by Glaucus, a Greek-born young man, to work in his garden in order to save her from the cruelty of her owner. Nydia mistook his act of kindness for fondness and fell passionately and uselessly in love with him, as he was in love with another woman. During the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, Nydia saves Glaucus and his lover and guides them toward the sea where they find safety aboard a ship. The next morning Nydia throws herself into the sea, as she realizes there is no hope for a future with Glaucus, and becomes a symbol of feminine sacrifice and fidelity.
Monogrammed, r.c.: D G R (circular monogram) Inscribed, near top: It isn't a bit like but beastly.. I only send it supposing you shouldn't wish it to go into/ the fire, but if you do, put it there. Some day I'll do a better, says your DGR. Stamp on mat: emblem with a horse