Landscape with trees in foreground, valley in middle ground dotted with minute figures of sheep and a farmer with a team of oxen pulling well-filled haywain. Mountains in distance with a snow-capped mountain in center background.
“White Mountains” was a popular subject amongst 19th century Americans, who, stirred by the doctrine of Manifest Destiny, wanted patriotic emblems of an optimistic and expanding nation. Using the popular tenets of the sublime and the picturesque, Hodgdon juxtaposes an awe-inspiring snow-capped mountain in the distance with a lush valley just beginning to show evidence of a fading summer.
Photograph with deep blue tint of a nude man, with his back to viewer, sitting on a porch railing, looking out into into the night. On the viewer's right, along the front of the porch, there is abundant vegetation.
Seeing the natural and everyday as supernatural, spiritual, and special. Dugdale's use of antique photographic techniques gives his work a timeless that speaks to issues of memory, togetherness, and loss. That aura of mortality hangs over this tender image of love and anticipation of togetherness.
A building in ruins with the sun setting in tbe background creating rays of light through the empty window shells. There are some desert foliage to the left hand side where the building meets the ground.
Animal horn engraved with the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom, in which a crowned lion and a chained unicorn supporting a shield stand above a banner with the motto “dieu et mon droit” (which directly translated from French means “God and my right” referring to the monarch’s divine right to govern which has been used as the motto of the British monarch since it was adopted by Henry V (1413-1422)). The shield consists of four quadrants: the first quadrant contains four lions, the second contains three fleurs de lis, the third contains a mermaid and a harp, the fourth contains three lions and a stag or dog-like animal. Surrounding the shield is a belt or garter upon which is emblazoned “Honi soit qui mal y pense” which means “evil unto they who think evil,” the motto of the Order of the Knights of the Garter, an ancient exclusive British order consisting of 25 members who were selected by the king of England. Near the base, the horn is engraved with a cityscape of Philadelphia from the harbor with numerous buildings, towers, boats and ships, and a man with a rifle shooting at a stag or lion in the distance.
The provincial carved powder horn is an indigenous North American art form. Made from the cow, ox or buffalo horn, powder horns were commonly used with 18th century muskets to safely store gunpowder, and their polished surfaces often provided a canvas for a professional carver. This work is engraved with the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom and a cityscape of Philadelphia, symbolizing the position of Philadelphia in the early history of the founding of America.