Text: Mine More Coal - United States Fuel Administration - Stand by the boys in the trenches! - (Italian) Sostenete i soldati nelle trincee! Estraete Sempre Piu' Carbone! - (Croatian) Pomogni nasoj mladosti u rovovima! Kopaj Vise Ugljevlja! - (Slovenian) Podpiraj vojake v strelnih jarkih! Koplji Vec Premoga! - (Polish) Wspomagajcie wiernie tych ktorzy sa na linii bojowej! Starajcie Sie Powiekszyc Produkcje Wegla! - (Hungarian) Segitse a fiukat a lövészarokban! Aknázzon Több Szenet! - (German) Unterstuetzt die Jungen in den Schuetzengraeben! Foerdert Mehr Kohle!
This print depicts an ornamental design. The central axis of the design is composed of a fanciful stand with a nude winged boy holding a trident, seen from the back, seated on the top. A pair of sirens holding small banners flank the base, and a pair of hybrid sphinx-like creatures perch near the top. The letter "L" appears in the center of the stand and the date "1528" is inscribed in the base.
This fanciful ornamental design was created by Lucas van Leyden, who prominently included his initial on the stand in the center of the print. The design combines mythological and grotesque figures in inventive ways that would have testified to the artist's skill. Such designs were used by other artists and craftsmen for the decoration of a wide range of objects, ranging from expensive metalwork to title-pages of books.
The ewer in this drawing is decorated with cavorting satyrs, lions, and grotesque masks.
The ewer in this drawing is embellished with a riot of satyrs in addition to lions and grotesque masks. Satyrs were followers of Bacchus, making them appropriate for a vessel made to serve wine. The extravagant decoration of the piece was a way for the artist to manifest his skill.
The body of this cylindrical censer is decorated with eight columns spaced at regular intervals. The lid of the censer consists of an openwork dome divided into sections by eight vertical ribs that converge at its apex. An arched horizontal band intersects the midpoint of the ribs, and these eight junctures are marked with a projecting bird that holds a small bronze ball dangling from its beak. Two segments of the dome are decorated with Maltese crosses while another two feature curved plant forms. The apex is surmounted by a finial comprised of a globe topped by a Maltese cross on which a bird holding a piece of fruit perches.
During liturgical rituals this Coptic censer would have been swung on a chain attached to its lid in order to scent the church with incense. The incense, usually spices or wood gums, would have been sprinkled over a bed of smoldering coals in the body of the censer, and the sweet fragrance of the burning incense would have exited through the perforated lid. The columns encircling the body of the censer, the domed lid, and the finial give the censer the appearance of a domed church, which would have visually harmonized the censer with its setting.