Browse Results

Results

Results for people%20and%20occupations
Check for portfolio Record Title Artist Physical Description Artist Life Dates Century Object Creation Date Accession Number Medium and Support Secondary Keywords
Full Record: x-1993-sl-2.3/1993_2.3.JPG

The Rialto, from the "Second Venice Set," or the "Twenty-six Etchings"

James McNeill Whistler

The corner of a massive building with awnings on both sides is seen on the right side; it has arched windows above the street level windows and several stories with balconies above. To the left is a long sloping stairway with awnings projecting above the stairway. In the distance beyond the stairway can be see the tower of a church. Buildings at the far left of the composition are barely indicated. Pediestrians are visible throughout, adjacent to the buildings on either side as well as ascending the stairs.

1834-1903

19th century

1879-1880

1993/2.3

etching and drypoint, printed in black ink on Asian laid paper

rank 3.22557

architecture

bridges

europe

europe (continent)

geographic and political locations

italy

italy (nation)

locality

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by age group

people by occupation

people by state or condition

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

physical activities

physical activities by general context

religious figures

veneto (region)

venezia (province)

visual works

visual works by subject type

youth

Full Record: x-1954-sl-2.35.35a/1954_2.35.35A.JPG

Untitled, Red Cross

Harrison Fisher

1875-1934

20th century

1918

1954/2.35.35A

color lithograph on paper

rank 3.19924

armed conflicts

army

clothing

declaratory and advertising artifacts

events

figures

how we live

human body

information artifacts

information artifacts by function

information forms

military

modern and contemporary art

objects

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

scientists and people in science-related occupations

text-based art

the natural world

war

world wars

Full Record: x-1980-sl-2.150/1980_2.150.JPG

Snuff bottle with painted hunt scene on interior of glass

Artist Unknown, China

20th century

circa 1885-1910

1980/2.150

glass with ivory stopper

rank 3.16635

animals and creatures

buildings and the land

containers

containers by function or context

containers for personal use

containers for smoking and tobacco use

forest and nature activities

mammals

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

physical activities

physical activities by location

physical activities by specific context

scientists and people in science-related occupations

settlements and landscapes

Full Record: x-1975-sl-2.164/1975_2.164.JPG

Jina venerated by a monk, Harihara, Garuda, and Nandi from Digambara Jain manuscript

Artist Unknown, India, Sirohi School

A nude monk on the top left sits before a Jina at top right. Three Hindu gods, Harihara, Garuda, and Nandi venerate the Jina in the bottom registers.

18th century

circa 18th century

1975/2.164

ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

rank 3.15965

animals

animals and creatures

document genres

document genres by conditions of production

information forms

legendary creatures

mammals

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people by state or condition

people in religion

people in religion and related occupations

people in the humanities

religious (people)

the natural world

Full Record: x-2001-sl-1.353/2001_1.353.JPG

Portrait of an Rölpai Dorje (1717–1786), Lama of the Seal

Tibet

A painting in ink, mineral pigments, and gold on paper. The painting would have originally been framed in concentric strips of silk, but the silk has been trimmed and the painting placed in a Western-style frame.

18th century

1736-1795

2001/1.353

ink, mineral pigments, and gold on paper

rank 3.14743

asian

associated concepts

buildings and the land

educators

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people by state or condition

people in religion

people in religion and related occupations

people in social science-related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the social sciences and related occupations

religions

religions and religious concepts

religious (people)

settlements and landscapes

south asian

styles and periods

styles and periods by region

visual works

visual works by subject type

Full Record: x-1954-sl-2.35.44/1954_2.35.44.JPG

The Roll Call, A Masque of the Red Cross

Arnold Genthe

Text: The Roll Call, A Masque of the Red Cross - By Percy MacKaye

Germany, 1869-1942

20th century

1918

1954/2.35.44

lithograph on paper

rank 3.13497

armed conflicts

crosses

declaratory and advertising artifacts

document genres

document genres by form

document genres for oral or performed works

events

figures

how we live

information artifacts

information artifacts by function

information forms

modern and contemporary art

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

scientists and people in science-related occupations

text-based art

war

world wars

Full Record: x-2014-sl-2.225/2014_2.225.JPG

Will Geer on a Walk, Ann Arbor, Michigan

D. James Galbraith

Man walking up a small hill to a barn, sheep ahead of him, rock wall to the right.

(1930 - 2002)

circa 1960

2014/2.225

vintage gelatin silver print on paper, laid down on board

rank 3.13144

agricultural buildings

agricultural structures

animals and creatures

buildings and the land

herdsmen

mammals

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

scientists and people in science-related occupations

single built works

single built works by function

single built works by specific type

Full Record: x-2002-sl-1.213/2002_1.213.JPG

He's Got You and Me Brother

Ronald E. Cooper

born 1931

late 20th century

1992

2002/1.213

carved and painted wood

rank 3.12296

allegory and literature

associated concepts

bible

new testament

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by gender

people by occupation

people in religion

people in religion and related occupations

people in the humanities

religions

religions and religious concepts

standing

visual works

visual works by subject type

Full Record: x-1989-sl-2.18/1989_2.18.JPG

Jean Arp, 1949

Arnold Newman

Portrait of a man with his head resting on his hand showing only his right eye, cheek, forehead, hand and a bit of his shirt cuff with a curving unidentifiable vertical form to the right obscuring the sitter’s face.

1918-2006

20th century

1949

1989/2.18

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 3.12220

arms

biological components

components

components and systems

components by specific context

heads

human body

modern and contemporary art

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

the human body

the natural world

upper body

visual works

visual works by medium or technique

visual works by subject type

Full Record: x-1885.1/1885.1.JPG

Model for cavalry soldier

Randolph Rogers

Plaster sculpture of a man dressed in a Civil War military uniform; arms are broken off at mid-bicep.

1825 - 1892

19th century

circa 1845-1885

1885.1

plaster

rank 3.07048

army

military

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by gender

people by occupation

people in military occupations

physical activities

physical activities by general context

Full Record: x-2011-sl-2.56/2011_2_56.JPG

Christ before Caiphas from "The Small Woodcut Passion"

Albrecht Dürer

A man seated on a throne under a canopy at the right looks toward a group of standing figures at the left. A group of soldiers in helmets and armor and spears surround a tall bearded man who stands looking at the seated official. In the distance is a view of a town in a landscape and at the feet of the seated man is a dog.

1471-1528

Early 16th century

1509-1511

2011/2.56

woodcut print on laid paper

rank 3.06898

allegory and literature

animals and creatures

army

bible

ceremonial chairs

chairs

chairs by function

furnishings

furnishings by form or function

furniture

furniture by form or function

mammals

military

objects

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in law

people in social science-related occupations

people in the social sciences and related occupations

religion

seating furniture

single seating furniture

subject matter

themes (religious)

weaponry

Full Record: x-1954-sl-1.430/1954_1.430.JPG

The Dancing Girl

James McNeill Whistler

A woman, nude but for a diaphanous elbow-length drapery and a cap over her hair, stands facing the viewer with her head turned towards the right. The figure's right arm is extended gracefully from the side of her body, hand facing downward. Her left hand is extened at nearly a right angle, holding her drapery out, which further devines the curves of her body. Her weight is on her right leg as the left leg points forward.

1834-1903

19th century

1890

1954/1.430

transfer lithograph on laid paper

rank 3.03945

child

dances

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by gender

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

physical activities

physical activities by general context

visual works

visual works by subject type

Full Record: x-1982-sl-2.63/1982_2.63.JPG

Hunter's Decoy Headpiece

African, Nigeria, Hausa

20th century

circa 1950

1982/2.63

hornbill bird, wood and feathers

rank 3.03058

accessories worn on the head

animals and creatures

biological components

components

components and systems

components by specific context

costume

costume accessories

costume accessories worn

descriptors

hunting

object genres

object genres by function

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

scientists and people in science-related occupations

the human body

upper body

Full Record: x-2008-sl-2.449/2008_2_449.JPG

Faneuses

Camille Pissarro

Paper Size: lh 25 2/5cm & rh 25cm x tw 19 4/5cm & bw 19 7/10cm. Plate size: h 19 7/10cm x w 13 2/5cm. Image size: h 19cm x w 12 3/5cm.

1830-1903

2008/2.449

etching and drypoint printed in brown/black ink on heavy beige laid paper

rank 3.02131

buildings and the land

cultural landscapes

cultural landscapes by function

descriptors

engraving (printing process)

farmers

image-making processes and techniques

intaglio printing processes

landscapes (environments)

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by gender

people by occupation

people in agriculture

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

printing and printing processes and techniques

printing processes

processes and techniques

processes and techniques by specific type

scientists and people in science-related occupations

settlements and landscapes

Full Record: x-1970-sl-2.116/1970_2.116.JPG

Kalpasutra manuscript page: Monks and Devotees

Artist Unknown, India, Gujarat

The horizontal folio from a Kalpasutra manuscript consists of seven lines of text to the left and center broken by a squarish gold symbol framed in a red line and cusped blue lines. Gold diamond shapes framed in red are at the sides, with a vertical red line between the one on the left and the text. Between the text and the right diamond shape there is a painting consisting of three registers of figures against a red ground. The top row depicts three laymen wearing crowns, the middle two monks and a nun and the bottom row three nuns.

15th century

1400-1450

1970/2.116

ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

rank 2.96566

associated concepts

document genres

document genres by conditions of production

information forms

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in religion

people in religion and related occupations

people in the humanities

religion

religions

religions and religious concepts

religious (people)

religious figures

text-based art

Full Record: x-2014-sl-2.338/2014_2.338.JPG

A police officer at his post during the filming of a movie. There is a growing “police cult”; aficionados wear the odds and ends of uniforms, swagger along the street with handcuffs, keys and whistles dangling from their belts.

Leonard Freed

An actual police officer looking at the camera and an actor playing a police officer walking behind him.

1976

2014/2.338

vintage gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.95607

buildings and the land

open spaces

open spaces and site elements

open spaces by function

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in military occupations

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

roads

roads by form

transportation spaces

Full Record: x-1985-sl-1.196/1985_1.196.JPG

Peasants in an Interior

Bartholomeus Molenaer

Groups of figures sit crowded around tables in a dark, smoky interior. In the foreground a man dressed in white hose and a red cap leans on a barrel, his tankard placed at his feet, and looks directly ahead out of the scene. To his left several men cluster around a table to drink and smoke, while other dimly lit figures sit and move about in the background.

1618-1650

17th century

1635-1645

1985/1.196

oil on panel

rank 2.95511

containers

containers by form

containers by function or context

containers for serving and consuming food

culinary containers

farmers

objects we use

paintings

paintings by material or technique

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

scientists and people in science-related occupations

vessels for serving and consuming food

visual works

visual works by medium or technique

visual works by subject type

Full Record: x-1949-sl-1.115/1949_1.115.JPG

La Danse au Cabaret (Villagers Merrymaking at an Inn)

Adriaen Jansz van Ostade

This print portrays a lively interior scene in the 17th century Dutch Republic. There are many figures around the large room, including men, women, and children. At the far right a man tries to embrace a resisting woman. Beside them, a man and a woman dance while a fiddler plays and others look on. On the left, a woman tends to a child as behind her a couple descend a wooden stairway from an upper floor. There are items such as cured meat, a lantern, a chair and laundry, hanging around this room.

1610-1685

17th century

1652

1949/1.115

etching, engraving and drypoint on laid paper

rank 2.95400

buildings and the land

dances

figures

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

public accommodations

single built works

single built works by function

single built works by specific type

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.45/1991_2.45.JPG

Martha Graham and Erick Hawkins

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1938

1991/2.45

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.94363

arts

arts and related disciplines

atmospheric effects

dances

disciplines

figures

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

the natural world

Full Record: x-1963-sl-2.21/1963_2.21.JPG

Studies of a Peasant Digging (Études d'un paysan bêchant)

Camille Pissarro

This quick pencil study shows five sketches of a man digging; he is not seen in a single pose, but these sketches seen from behind explore a number of actions that are part of the digging.

1830-1903

19th century

1830-1903

1963/2.21

graphite on greenish-yellow wove paper

rank 2.94191

construction equipment

descriptors

drawing and drawing techniques

drawings

drawings by subject type

earthmoving equipment

equipment

equipment by process

farmers

image-making processes and techniques

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

processes and techniques

processes and techniques by specific type

scientists and people in science-related occupations

shovels

tools and equipment

visual works

visual works by medium or technique

Full Record: x-2011-sl-2.163/2011_2.163.JPG

Pablo Picasso

Lucien Clergue

A black and white photo of Pablo Picasso sitting on a step. Picasso stares directly into the camera.

20th century

1955

2011/2.163

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.92848

color

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by gender

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

photographs

photographs by form

visual works

visual works by medium or technique

Full Record: x-1954-sl-2.35.88/1954_2.35.88.JPG

Have You a Red Cross Service Flag?

Jessie Willcox Smith

1863-1935

20th century

1918

1954/2.35.88

color lithograph on paper

rank 2.92620

architecture

armed conflicts

crosses

declaratory and advertising artifacts

drapery

events

how we live

information artifacts

information artifacts by function

information forms

modern and contemporary art

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

scientists and people in science-related occupations

text-based art

war

world wars

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.48/1991_2.48.JPG

Valerie Bettis

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1944

1991/2.48

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.91466

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

humanities

legs

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by activity

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-2008-sl-2.317/2008_2_317.JPG

The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido (Jimbutsu Edition): #15 Yoshiwara

Andô Hiroshige

Fishermen in boats in shallow water with mountain n the distance. Writing in the upper left corner. Flock of birds in the distance in front of the mountain.

1797-1858

1852

2008/2.317

woodblock print on paper

rank 2.90341

upward

asia (continent)

buildings and the land

chubu (region)

descriptors

geographic and political locations

inorganic material

japan (nation)

landforms

landforms and landform components

landforms by shape or position

landscapes (environments)

materials

materials by composition

natural landscapes

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

physical features

scientists and people in science-related occupations

settlements and landscapes

transportation vehicles

vegetation and vegetation components

vegetation components

vehicles

watercraft

watercraft by general type

Full Record: x-2012-sl-2.212/2012_2_212.JPG

Self-Portrait

Käthe Kollwitz

This etching depicts a three-quarter profile portrait of a woman’s face. The woman looks contemplatively toward the right with a solemn expression as her head rests against her right hand. The edge of her left shoulder is loosely sketched in the lower right of the composition.

1867-1945

1921

2012/2.212

etching with burnishing on heavy wove paper

rank 2.89606

arms

biological components

components

components and systems

components by specific context

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by gender

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

portraits

the human body

upper body

visual works

visual works by subject type

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.50/1991_2.50.JPG

Erick Hawkins in 'El Penitente'

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1940

1991/2.50

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.88543

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by activity

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-1992-sl-1.132/1992_1.132.JPG

Lamentation

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1935

1992/1.132

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.88494

arts

arts and related disciplines

disciplines

drapery

genres

humanities

modern and contemporary art

movement

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-2013-sl-2.182/2013_2.182.JPG

Minor White, Arlington, MA

David Vestal

A man with white hair and glasses sorting through a pile of papers on a desk.

b. 1924

April 1970; printed 1998

2013/2.182

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.86653

artists

descriptors

image-making processes and techniques

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

photography and photographic processes and techniques

processes and techniques

processes and techniques by specific type

Full Record: x-2013-sl-2.192/2013_2.192.JPG

Portait of Ansel Adams, Yosemite

Bill Wright

Ansel Adams seated in a chair, graphic curtains behind. His hand is to his head and he is wearing glasses.

1981

2013/2.192

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.86653

artists

descriptors

image-making processes and techniques

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

photography and photographic processes and techniques

processes and techniques

processes and techniques by specific type

Full Record: x-1968-sl-2.32/1968_2.32.JPG

Le Paysan rentrant du fumier (Man with a Wheelbarrow or Peasant Returning from the Dung Heap)

Jean-François Millet

1814-1875

19th Century

1855-1856

1968/2.32

etching and drypoint on laid paper

rank 2.86096

descriptors

dung

farmers

freewheeled vehicles

freewheeled vehicles by form or function

image-making processes and techniques

intaglio printing processes

land vehicles

land vehicles by form

man

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in agriculture

people in agriculture or natural resource occupations

people in science-related occupations

printing

printing and printing processes and techniques

printing processes

processes and techniques

processes and techniques by specific type

scientists and people in science-related occupations

service and utility vehicles

transportation vehicles

vehicles

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.44/1991_2.44.JPG

Merce Cunningham in 'Root of the Unfocus'

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1944

1991/2.44

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.85651

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

figures

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.46/1991_2.46.JPG

Martha Graham in 'War Theme'

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1941

1991/2.46

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.85651

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

figures

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.47/1991_2.47.JPG

Martha Graham in 'Death and Entrances'

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1945

1991/2.47

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.85651

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

figures

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-2013-sl-1.252/2013_1.252.JPG

Portrait of the Artist at Work and Play

Les Klug

Mannequin pieces and artist in a room with many windows and mirrors.

1930-1988

2013/1.252

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.83478

building divisions

components

components and systems

components by specific context

interior spaces

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by activity

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

rooms and spaces

rooms and spaces by location or context

Full Record: x-2004-sl-2.36/2004_2_36.JPG

The Village Voice

Conrad Atkinson

The cover format of the New York weekly newspaper The Village Voice is appropriated, with satirical headlines related to topical current events.

born 1940

20th century

1988

2004/2.36

acrylic on canvas

rank 2.83004

armed conflicts

art genres

artistic concepts

artistic devices

associated concepts

concepts in the arts

document genres

document genres by conditions of production

events

historical, theoretical and critical concepts

information forms

objects we use

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the visual arts

people in the visual arts and related occupations

publications

serials

wars

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.49/1991_2.49.JPG

Martha Graham in 'Lamentation' (Oblique)

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1935

1991/2.49

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.82254

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Full Record: x-1991-sl-2.52/1991_2.52.JPG

Martha Graham in 'Letter to the World' (Swirl)

Barbara Morgan

1900-1992

20th century

1940

1991/2.52

gelatin silver print on paper

rank 2.82254

arts

arts and related disciplines

dances

disciplines

humanities

modern and contemporary art

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people and occupations

people by occupation

people in the arts

people in the arts and related occupations

people in the humanities

people in the performing arts

performing artists

performing arts

Leeuwenhoek and the "Little Animals", from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

Antony van Leewenhoek, draper of seventeenth-century Delft, Holland, in his spare time retired to his "closet" to observe the wonders of the microscopic world through tiny lenses he laboriously ground and mounted. He was the first to report having seen "animalcules" - protozoa and bacteria - and to confirm by direct observation circulation of the blood. Though 200 years elapsed before practical application of his discoveries contributed to medicine, his work laid foundations for modern medicine's tremendous century-long onslaught against diseases caused by bacteria and other microbiologic entities - a world-wide campaign which has resulted in saving of millions of lives.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.15

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Medicine in Ancient Egypt, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

An Egyptian physician of the Eighteenth Century (1500-1400 B.C.), clothed in clean white linen and a wig, as became the dignity of his status, is confronted with a patient having symptoms of lockjaw (described in an ancient scroll now known as the Edwin Smith papyrus). With sure, sympathetic hands, the physician treats the patient, who is supported by a "brick chair." Directions for treatment appear on the scroll held by his assistant. Specially trained priests observe prescribed magico-religious rites. Egyptian medicine occupied a dominant position in the world of the ancients for 2500 years.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.1

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

The Code of Hammurabi, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

The clay tablets of ancient Mesopotamia document the practice of medicine as early as 3000 B.C. Of significance to medicine, too, is one of the oldest regulatory laws, the Code of Hammurabi, promulgated by that Babylonian ruler about 2000 B.C. In a Babylonian throne room, a physician is defending with dignity his professional practices against the complaints of a dissatisfied patient who seeks invocation of the drastic penalties of the Code. The King, the scribe, court attachés, guards, priests, friends of the plaintiff and of defendant, comprise the cast of the critical drama of law and of medicine 4000 years ago.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.2

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Trephining in Andient Peru, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

On the dry, sun-swept Pacific coastline of the Paracas peninsula, a first-century Peruvian surgeon is beginning a trephining operation with the aid of knives of glass-hard obsidian, a crude plant narcotic, cotton, and bandages. Assistants immobilize the patient, and a priest seeks supernatural intervention throuh incanations and prayers as the slow and highly hazardous operation proceeds. Peru was the center of intensive practice of trephining in the New World, where the operation (opening of the skulls of living patients) can be traced from well before dawn of the Christian era to the twentieth century.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.3

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Native Healing, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

Primitive medicine is timeless. It is as old as the cave dweller, yet in many remote parts of world its practice is as new as today. The sandpainting ceremonies of American Navaho Indians are unusually beautiful examples of primitive medicine, embodying all its elements --physio--and psychotherapy, religion, magic, singing, and drug lore. In a medicine "hogan" family and friends join in the Mountain Chants' nine-day ceremonies, in which this sandpainting has an important part. The "singer" (medicine man) sings, prays, and manipulates magico-religious artifacts. Herb preparations given the patient are shared by the "singer" and by the spectactors too in this primitive health-seeking rite.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.4

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

The Temples and Cult of Asclepius, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

Every night for nearly a thousand years (500 B.C. - 500 A.D.), sick and afflicted pilgrims flocked to the Grecian Temples of Asclepius to take part of a ritual called incubation. The ancient kindly god of medicine was expected to visit them during a dream state and either heal or prescribe drugs, diet, and modes of treatment. Only requisites were that they should be clean and "think pure thoughts." To show their appreciation, recipients of Asclepius' favor caused votives (stone or terra cotta images of the afflicted parts which supposedly had been healed) to be made, suitably inscribed, and presented to be hung as testimony on the temple walls. More than 200 such temples existed.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.5

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Susruta-Surgeon of Old India, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

Su?ruta, famed Hindu surgeon, is depicted in the home of a noble of ancient India, about to begin an otoplastic operation. The patient drugged with wine, is steaded by friends and relatives as the great surgeon sets about fashioning an artificial ear lobe. He will use a section of flesh to be cut from the patient's cheek; it will be attached to the stump of the mutilated organ, treated with hemostatic powders and bandaged. Details of this procedure, and of Su?ruta's surgical instruments, are to be found in the "Su?ruta-samhit?," ancient Indian text. Plastic surgery was practiced in India more than 2000 years ago.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.6

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Hippocrates: Medicine Becomes a Science, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

The art of medicine in the ancient world developed to its highest point in Greece, durng the millennium between 500 B.C. and 500 A.D. This creative period is symbolized by Hippocrates, the "Father of Medicine," whose name has come to represent the beauty, value, and dignity of medicine for all times. Hippocrates' kindness and concern are embodied in his aphorism, "Where there is love for mankind, there is love for the art of healing." These qualities are reflected in the face of this great practioner, scientist, and teacher, as he palpates a young patient and attempts to sooth a worried mother sometime late in the fifth century B.C. His name is still revered in medical circles.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.7

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Galen, Influence for Forty-Five Generations, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

Galen was a pillar of medicine; the last important pillar in the millennium of Greek domination of the medical world. Physician to emperors as well as commoners in the Roman Empire, Galen (130-220 A.D.) traveled extensively, lectured widely, wrote prolifically. The great Greek was a shrewd observer who gained much experience through experimentation. Cupping was among the forms of treatment which he advocated. Pharmacy as well as medicine benefited from his formulas, called "galenicals;" he was a leader in the health sciences of his day. Galen's teachings were accepted as dogma by both teachers and practioners of medicine for fifteen hundred years.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.8

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Rhazes and Arabic Medicine, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

The West is deeply indebted to medieval Arabs for preservation of ancient Greco-Roman knowledge during the Middle Ages. and for improving on it. Our numeral system and many words, such as alcohol, came from the East, as did many medical advances. Leaders in the Arabic medicine were the Persians, Rhazes, and Avicenna. Rhazes (865-925 A.D.), noted for keen observation and inventiveness, was first to describe measles and smallpox; to observe pupillary reaction to light; to use mercurial purgatives; and to publish a text on children's diseases. His teachings were highly regarded for many centuries.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.9

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Medieval Hospitals, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

The Great Room of the Poor (La Grand' Chambre des Povres) is believed to be the world's oldest edifice to have been in continuous use as a hospital. Representative of medieval hospitals, it is a part of the Hôtel-Dieu of Beaune, France, founded in 1443. Combined with modern professional hospital service it carefully preserves the atmosphere of the fifteenth century. A small chapel is located at the end of the room. Sisters of the Congregation of Sainte Marthe, garbed in habits traditional to their ancient order, have cared for the sick, the aged, and the indigent in this hospital for more than five hundred years, uninterrupted by wars, by economic upheavals, or by political changes.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.10

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Paracelsus- Stormy Petrel of Medicine, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

In the Renaissance "chemical kitchens" of Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (1493-1541), who boastfully called himself Paracelsus, many things were brewed: chemicals, polypharmacal mixtures, serious medical writings - and vitriolic, abusive attacks upon medical colleagues, religionists, and political officials. Swiss-born Paracelsus' controveries forced him to travel widely, move frequently. Labeled genius by some, quack by others, his medical effors got results, and patients liked him. He attacked medieval "sacred cows," Galen and Avicenna, helped turn medicine from them to rational research. He attempted to manufacture new remedies, and he advocated use of chemicals in medicine.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.11

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations

Human Anatomy, from "The History of Medicine"

Robert Thom

Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, first great teacher of anatomy from natural observations, conducted many anatomical demonstrations on human bodies while Professor of Surgery and of Anatomy at the University of Padua, 1537-1543. Highly successful, these were attended by medical students, physicians, interested civic officials, sculptors and artists. First to break with Galen's 1400-year-old anatomical texts, Vesalius published "Tabulae Anatomicae Sex" in 1538, and the monumental "De Humani Corporis Fabrica" in 1543. Though reviled and ridiculed by Galenists, the validity of Vesalius' works soon overcame detractors and they became classic in medical literature.

1915-1979

20th century

circa 1952

UMHS.12

oil on canvas

rank 2.81705

disciplines

health sciences

people

people (agents)

people and culture

people by occupation

people in health and medicine

people in science-related occupations

science and related disciplines

scientists and people in science-related occupations