This work depicts a lively outdoor scene in pen and ink with grey wash and pink and blue watercolor. The setting is replete with lush foliage and populated by several figures and animals. A nude female figure stands holding onto a slender fruit tree looking over a body of water in which a winged boy wades holding his hands to his head. Another nude female figure is shown seated on the right holding a dog tied to a leash. Two playful birds and another winged boy are shown in the bottom foreground.
This pen and ink, wash and watercolor pictures a vast vista of a town on the water surrounded by mountains. In the foreground on a hill in the lower right of the composition there is a group of traveling figures including a woman riding a mule. On the left another group of three figures overlook the body of water in the distance.
Animal horn engraved with the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom, in which a crowned lion and a chained unicorn supporting a shield stand above a banner with the motto “dieu et mon droit” (which directly translated from French means “God and my right” referring to the monarch’s divine right to govern which has been used as the motto of the British monarch since it was adopted by Henry V (1413-1422)). The shield consists of four quadrants: the first quadrant contains four lions, the second contains three fleurs de lis, the third contains a mermaid and a harp, the fourth contains three lions and a stag or dog-like animal. Surrounding the shield is a belt or garter upon which is emblazoned “Honi soit qui mal y pense” which means “evil unto they who think evil,” the motto of the Order of the Knights of the Garter, an ancient exclusive British order consisting of 25 members who were selected by the king of England. Near the base, the horn is engraved with a cityscape of Philadelphia from the harbor with numerous buildings, towers, boats and ships, and a man with a rifle shooting at a stag or lion in the distance.
The provincial carved powder horn is an indigenous North American art form. Made from the cow, ox or buffalo horn, powder horns were commonly used with 18th century muskets to safely store gunpowder, and their polished surfaces often provided a canvas for a professional carver. This work is engraved with the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom and a cityscape of Philadelphia, symbolizing the position of Philadelphia in the early history of the founding of America.
Mark, stamped in black, lower left: ? Pen flourish, l.l. (Could this be the mark of collector, Pierre Crozat, 1661-1740?) In pen, on front of mount: Guido Reni In pencil, on front of mount: Reni and 1?32 In pen, on back of mount: No 5. ?Guido Reni Zeich? In pencil, on back of mount: Lot 94 and 15.