The painting depicts mountains and bold branches covered by snow, presenting a cristal clear landscape of cold splendor.
Chang Ku-nien created this after a heavy snow fall. The beauty of the white snow and extreme chilliness excited Chang's passion to depict such a jade-like and heavenly scene. Chang's pursuit of literati artistic tradition is also revealed here as the colophons quoted a discussion of the essence of literati painting by two painting master in the Yuan dynasty.
The artist uses soft, almost nostalgic, tones to portray her sick teacher, Chang Ku-nien. On either side of the portrait is calligraphic text added to the image by Liu Yantao lamenting the loss of a friend.
A portrait of artist Chang Ku-nien by one of his students, the accomplished woman painter Wang Shouxuan (Wang Shou-hsuan). The portrait is intended as a commemorative piece for her diseased teacher, with whom Wang had studied since 1952 and had become a close family friend. This image of Chang apparently vividly re-captures Chang’s appearance and spirit. One of Chang’s dearest friends, the renowned traditional painter and calligrapher Liu Yantao, thus inscribed two inscriptions upon seeing the painting. He lamented the loss of his friend as the image brought back so many memories of their friendship.
A young woman seated at a slight angle in an upholstered armchair looks towards the viewer. In her lap and hands is a piece of fabric. The woman has a dark dress and hair worn back and bangs.
Beatrix's youngest sister, Rosalind Birnie Philip, is shown here with needlework in her lap. As Whistler's wife declined, the Philip sisters and mother would spend time sitting with Beatrix. Rosalind became Whistler's ward upon his wife's death and became the executrix of Whistler's estate when he died in 1903.