Arial view of a river with a port filled with boats. There are many surrounding buildings as well as a large church on the right hand side, visible from its dome-like roof. The image is toned in browns.
The low horizon used in this landscape painting creates a sense of expansive sky and flat terrain, which is divided equally between river and land. Figures and animals engage in variety of activities on the riverbank and in boats, including fishing and ferrying cargo and animals. Silhouetted against the vast sky stands a fortress on a spur of land with an orange flag flying from its tower. The opposite bank is visible in the distance as a dark broken line across the shining stretch of water.
This landscape depicts the fort overlooking the Maas River at Gennep, a town of strategic military importance in the southeastern the Netherlands. The painting commemorates the recapture of Gennep by the Dutch from the Spanish armies in 1641 during the Eighty Years' War (1568-1648) in which the Dutch won their independence from Spain. From the battlements of the fort waves an orange flag, a reference to the House of Orange whose members were instrumental in the formation of the Dutch Republic.
This oil painting is horizontally oriented with gray markings. It is surrounded with rose, gold, and mint matting, with a scroll that reads “H. Saftleven”. The actual work depicts a river scene, with a cliff on the shore of a river to the right. On the cliff are buildings, including what looks like the ruins of a castle tower. A tree leans to the right over the edge of the cliff. Ships populate the river, including one at the shoreline.
Herman Saftleven II was born into a family of artists in Rotterdam though he settled in Utrecht in the 1620s where he recorded views of the city. Following a destructive hurricane in 1674, he sold the city a series of drawings of Utrecht churches that he had done before the buildings were destroyed. He was also known for his botanical drawings of the country estate, Vijverhof, near Utrecht.
Three figures in a boat withstand wind and rain as they navigate river waters. Trees along the banks seem to bend under the force of the wind. Water saturdated ink and washes blur distinctions and imply the extremity of the weather.
Chang Ku-nien is from the last generation of artists trained in the centuries-old tradition of Chinese literati painting. He was instrumental in the revival of the practice of traditional Chinese painting that had languished under the cultural influence of Japan during its occupation of Taiwan. He was one of very few mainland painters from his generation to explore the scenery of Taiwan, where he lived in exile, using the methods of traditional Chinese ink painting.
A great, claw-shaped wave which almost swampes the boats dominates the scene, . The Mount Fuji appears in the distance and seems much smaller compared to the waves. In the upper left-hand corner, the artist inscribed the title of the work along with his signature.
Landscape of a great wave which is juxtaposed with Mount Fuji.