Report on the battle of Murfreesboro', Tenn., by Major Gen. W. S. Rosecrans, U.S.A.
United States. Army., Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898.

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Page  [unnumbered] REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR, COMMUNICATING, In answer to a resolution of the Senate of the 10th instant, a copy of IMajor Gen eral Rosecrans's report of the battle of Mur freesboro', or Stone river, Ten nessee. MARCH 13, 1863.-Read and ordered to be printed. Motion to print 2,000 extra copies referred to the Committee on Printing. Report of committee in favor of printing 2,000 extra copies considered and agreed to. WAR DEPARTMENT, TVashington City, March 13, 1863. SIR: In compliance with the Senate resolution dated March 10, 1863, I have the honor to transmit herewith a copy of Major General Rosecrans' report of the battle of Murfreesboro', or Stone river, Tennessee. As soon as the subreports, which are voluminous, can be copied, they will be forwarded-in the event that the Senate has, in the mean time, adjourned-to the Secretary of the Senate. I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War. The Hon. the PRESIDENT of the Senate. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, February 12, 1863. GENERAL: I have the honor to submit herewith my report of the battle of Stone river, accompanying staff reports, maps, tabular statements, army corps and sub-reports, as follows: 1. Report of Colonel James Barnett, chief of artillery, including a tabular statement of artillery, &c., lost and captured during the battle of Stone river. 2. Report of Lieutenant Colonel Taylor, chief quartermaster, containing lists of wagons, animals, &c., lost and gained. 3. Report of Lieutenant Colonel Simmons, chief commissary of subsistence, containing losses of subsistence stores.

Page  2 2 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 4. Report of Dr. Eben Swift, medical director, with complete lists of casualties. 5. Report of Captain Wiles, provost marshal general, containing a statement of prisoners lost and captured. -6. Report of Lieutenant Colonel Burke, tenth Ohio volunteers, commanding headquarters guard. t7. Lists of "special mentions," containing the names of officers and enlistsd men who distinguished themselves at Stone river, compiled from the official reports. 8. List of brigadier generals and colonels especially recommended for promotion. 9. Map of the battle-field. 10. Map of the country adjacent to Murfreesboro' 11. Report of Major General Thomas, with reports of Generals Rousseau and Negley, and the sub-reports of the fourteenth army corps. 12. Report of Major General McCook, with the reports of Generals Johnson, Davis, and Sheridan, and the sub-reports of the twentieth army corps. 13. Report of Major General Crittenden, with reports of Generals Wood, Palmer, Van Cleve, and Hascall, and the sub-reports of the twenty-first army corps. 14. Report of Brigadier General Stanley, with the reports of the subordinate commanders of cavalry. 15. Report of Captain James St. Clair Morton, commanding pioneer brigade. 16. Report of Colonel Innes, commanding regiment Michigan mechanics and engineers. 17. Flags captured at battle of Stone river, also one captured at battle of Iuka. 18. Percentage of losses in brigades, divisions, and corps. W. S. ROSECRANS, Major General. Brigadier General L. THOMAS, Adjutant General U. S. Army. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, limurfreesboro', Tennessee, February 12, 1863. GENERAL: As the sub-reports are now nearly all in, I have the honor to submit, for the information of the general-in-chief, the subjoined report, with accompanying sub-reports, maps, and statistical tables of the battle of Stone river. To a proper understanding of this battle it will be necessary to state the preliminary movements and preparations. Assuming command of the army at Louisville on the 27th day of October, it was found concentrated at Bowling Green and Glasgow, distant about 113 miles from Louisville; from whence, after replenishing with ammunition, supplies, and clothing, they moved on to Nashville, the advance corps reaching that place on the morning of the 7th of November, a distance of 183 miles from Louisville. At this distance from my base of supplies, the first thing to be done was to provide for the subsistence of the troops and open the Louisville and Nashville railroad. The cars commenced running through on the 26th of November, previous to which time our supplies had been brought by rail to Mitchellville, 35 miles north of Nashville, and from thence, by constant labor, we had been able to haul enough to replenish the exhausted stores for the garrison at Nashville and subsist the troops of the moving army. From the 26th of November to the 26th of December every effort was bent

Page  3 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 3 On the 28th General McCook advanced on Triune, but his movement was retarded by a dense fog. to complete the clothing of the army, to provide it with ammunition, and replenish the depot at Nashville with needful supplies, to insure us against want from the largest possible detention likely to occur by the breaking of the Louisville and Nashville railroad; and, to insure this work, the road was guarded by a heavy force posted at Gallatin. The enormous superiority in numbers of the rebel cavalry kept our little cavalry force almost within the infantry lines, and gave the enemy control of the entire country around us. It was obvious from the beginning that we should be confronted by Bragg's army, recruited by an inexorable conscription, and aided by clouds of mounted men, formed into a guerilla-like cavalry, to avoid the hardship of conscription and infantry service. The evident difficulties and labors of an advance into this country, and against such a force, and at such distance from our base of operations, with which we were connected but by a single precarious thread, made it manifest that our policy was to induce the enemy to travel over as much as possible of the space that separated us, thus avoiding for us the wear and tear and diminution of our forces, and subjecting the enemy to all this inconvenience, besides increasing for him and diminishing for us the dangerous consequences of a defeat. The means taken to obtain this end were eminently successful. The enemy, expecting us to go into winter quarters at Nashville, had prepared his own winter quarters at Murfreesboro', with the hope of possibly making them at Nashville, and had sent a large cavalry force into West Tennessee to annoy Grant, and another large force into Kentucky to break up the railroad. In the absence of these forces, and with adequate supplies in Nashville, the moment was judged opportune for an advance on the rebels. Polk's and Kirby Smith's forces were at Murfreesboro', and Hardee's corps on the Shelbyville and Nolensville pike, between Triune and Eaglesville, with an advance guard at Nolensville, while our troops lay in front of Nashville, on the Franklin, Nolensville, and Murfreesboro' turnpike. The plan of the movement was as follows: McCook, with three divisions, to advance by Nolensville pike to Triune. Thomas, with two divisions, (Negley's and Rousseau's,) to advance on his right by the Franklin and Wilson pikes, threatening Hardee's right, and then to fall in by the crossroads to Nolensville. Crittenden, with Wood's, Palmer's, and Van Cleve's divisions, to advance by the Murfreesboro' pike to Lavergne. With Thomas's two divisions at Nolensville, McCook was to attack Hardee at Triune, and if the enemy re-enforced Hardee, Thomas was to support McCook. If McCook beat Hardee, or Hardee retreated, and the enemy met us at Stewart's creek, five miles south of Lavergne, Crittenden was to attack him, Thomas was to come in on his left flank, and McCook, after detaching a division to pursue or observe Hardee, if retreating south, was to move with the remainder of his force on their rear. The movement began on the morning of the 26th of December. McCook advanced on Nolensville pike, skirmishing his way all day, meeting with stiff resistance from cavalry and artillery, and closing the day by a brisk fight, which gave him possession of Nolensville and the hills one and a half mile in front, capturing one gun by the 101st Ohio and 15th Wisconsin regiments; his loss this day being about seventy-five killed and wounded. Thomas followed on the right, and closed Negley's division on Nolensville, leaving the other (Rousseau's) division on the right flank. Crittenden advanced to Lavergne, skirmishing heavily on his front, over a rough country, intersected by forests and cedar brakes, with but slight loss.

Page  4 4 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Crittenden had orders to delay his movements until McCook had reached Triune and developed the intentions of the enemy at that point, so that it could be determined which Thomas was to support. McCook arrived at Triune and reported that Hardee had retreated, and that he had sent a division in pursuit. Crittenden began his advance about 11 o'clock a.m., driving before him a brigade of cavalry, supported by Many's brigade of rebel infantry, and reached Stewart's creek, the 3d Kentucky gallantly charging the rear guard of the enemy and saving the bridge, on which had been placed a pile of rails that had been set on fire. This was Saturday night. McCook having settled the fact of Hardee's retreat, Thomas moved Negley's division on to join Crittenden at Stewart's creek, and moved Rousseau to No-i lensville. On Sunday the troops rested, except Rousseau's division, which was ordered to move on to Stewantsbon; and Willich's brigade, which had pursued Hardee as far as Riggs's Cross Roads, and had determined the fact that Hardee had gone to Miurileesboro', when they returned to Triune. On Monday morning McCook was ordered to move from Triune to Wilkinson's Cross Roads, six miles from Murfreesboro', leaving a brigade at Triune. Crittenden crossed Stewart's creek by the Smyrna bridge and the main Murfreesboro' pike, and Negley by the ford two miles above; their whole force to advance on Murfreesboro', distant about eleven miles. Rousseau was to remain at Stewart's creek until his train came up, and prepare himself to follow. McCook reached Wilkinson's Cross Roads by evening, with an advance brigade at Overall's creek, saving and holding the bridge, meeting with but little resistance. Crittenden's corps advanced, Palmer leading, on the Murfreesboro' pike, followed by Negley, of Thomas's corps, to within three miles of Murfreesboro', having had several brisk skirmishes, driving the enemy rapidly, saving two bridges on the route, and forcing the enemy back to his intrenchments. About 3 p. m. a signal message coming from the front from General Palmer that he was in sight of Murfreesboro', and that the enemy were running, an order was sent to General Crittenden to send a division to occupy Murfreesboro'. This led General Crittenden, on reaching the enemy's front, to order Harker's brigade to cross the river at a ford on his left, where he surprised a regiment of Breckinridge's division, and drove it back on its main lines, not more than five hundred yards distant, in considerable confusion; and he held this position until General Crittenden was advised by prisoners captured by Harker's brigade that Breckinridge was in force on his front, when, it being dark, he ordered the brigade back across the river, and reported the circumstances to the commanding general on his arrival, to whom he apologized for not having carried out the order to occupy Murfreesboro'. The general approved of his action, of course, the order to occupy Murfreesboro' having been based on the information received from General Crittenden's advance division that the enemy were retreating from Murfreesboro'. Crittenden's corps, with Negley's division, bivouacked in order of battle, distant 700 yards from the enemy's intrenchments, our left extending down the river some 500 yards. The pioneer brigade, bivouacking still lower down, prepared three fords, and covered one of them, while Wood's divisions covered the other two, Van Cleve's division being in reserve. On the morning of the 30th, Rousseau, with two brigades, was ordered down early from Stewart's creek, leaving one brigade there, and sending another to Smyrna to cover our left and rear, and took his place in reserve in rear of

Page  5 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 5 Palmer's right, while General Negley moved on through the cedar breaks until his right rested on the Wilkinson pike, as shown by the accompanying plan. The pioneer corps cut roads through the cedars for his ambulances and ammunition wagons. The commanding general remained with the left and centre, examining the ground, while General McCook moved forward from Wilkinson's Cross Roads slowly and steadily, meeting with heavy resistance, fighting his way from Overall's creek until he got into position, with a loss of some 135 killed and wounded. Our small division of cavalry-say 3,000 men-had been divided into three parts, of which General Stanley took two, and accompanied General McCook, fighting his way across from the Wilkinson to the Franklin pike, and below it; Colonel Zahn's brigade, leading gallantly, and meeting with such heavy resistance that McCook sent two brigades from Johnson's division, who succeeded in fighting their way into the position shown on the accompanying plan, marked A, while the third brigade, which had been left at Triune, moved forward fiom that place, and arrived at nightfall near General McCook's headquarters. Thus, on the close of the 30th, the troops had all got into the position substantially as shown in the accompanying drawing, the rebels occupying the position marked A. At 4 o'clock in the afternoon General McCook had reported his arrival on the Wilkinson pike, joining Thomas; the result of the combat in the afternoon near Greison's house, and the fact that Sheridan was in position there; that his right was advancing to support the cavalry; also that Hardee's corps, with two divisions of Polk's, was on his front, extending down towards the Salem pike, without any map of the ground, which was to us terra incognita. When General McCook informed the general commanding that his corps was facing strongly towards the east, the general commanding told him that such a direction to his line did not appear to him a proper one, but that it ought, with the exception of his left, to face much more nearly south, with Johnson's division in reserve, but that this matter must be confined to him who knew the ground over which he had fought. At 9 p. m. the corps commanders met at the headquarters of the general commanding, who explained to them the following PLAN OF THE BATTLE. McCook was to occupy the most advantageous position, refusing his right as much as practicable and necessary to secure it, to receive the attack of the enemy, or, if that did not come, to attack, himself, sufficient to hold all the force on his front; Thomas and Palmer to open with skirmishing, and engage the enemy's centre and left as far as the river; Crittenden to cross Van Cleve's division at the lower ford, covered and supported by the sappers and miners, and to advance on Breckinridge; Wood's division to follow by brigades, crossing at the upper ford, and moving on Van Cleve's right, to carry everything before them into Murfreesboro'. This would have given us two divisions against one, and, as soon as Breckinridge had been dislodged from his position, the batteries of Wood's division, taking position on the heights east of Stone river in advance, would see the enemy's works in reverse, would dislodge them, and enable Palmer's division to press them back, and drive them westward across the river, or through the woods, while Thomas, sustaining the movement on the centre, would advance on the right of Palmer, crushing their right; and Crittenden's corps, advancing, would take Murfreesboro' and then, moving westward on the Franklin road, get in their flank and rear and drive them into the country towards Salem, with the prospect of cutting off their retreat and probably destroying their army. It was explained to them that this combination, insuring us a vast superiority on our left, required, for its success, that General McCook should be able to hold his position for three hours; that if necessary to recede at all, he should

Page  6 6 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. recede as he had advanced on the preceding day, slowly and steadily refusing his right, thereby rendering our success certain. Having thus explained the plan, the general commanding addressed General McCook as follows: "You know the ground; you have fought over it; you know its difficulties. Can you hold your present position for three hours?" To which -General McCook responded, "Yes, I think I can." The general commanding then said, "I don't like the facing so much to the east, but must confide that to you who know the ground. If you don't think your present the best position, change it. It is only necessary for you to make things sure." And the officers then returned to their commands. At daylight on the morning of the 31st the troops breakfasted and stood to their arms, and by 7 o'clock were preparing for the BATTLE. The movement began on the left by Van Cleve, who crossed at the lower fords. Wood prepared to sustain and follow him. The enemy, meanwhile, had prepared to attack General McCook, and by 6~ o'clock advanced in heavy columns-regimental front, his left attacking. Willich's and Kirk's brigades, of Johnson's division, which being disposed, as shown in the map, thin and light, without support, were, after a sharp but fruitless contest, crumbled to pieces and driven back, leaving Edgarton's and part of Goodspeed's battery in the hands of the enemy. The enemy following up, attacked Davis's division, and speedily dislodged Posts's brigade; Carlin's brigade was compelled to follow, as Woodruff's brigade, from the weight of testimony, had previously left its position on his left. Johnson's brigade, in retiring, inclined too far to the west, and were too much scattered to make a combined resistance, though they fought bravely at one or two points before reaching Wilkinson's pike. The reserve brigade of Johnson's division, advancing from its bivouac near the Wilkinson pike towards the right, took a good position, and made a gallant but ineffectual stand, as the whole rebel left was moving up on the ground abandoned by our troops. Within an hour from the time of the opening of the battle a staff officer from General McCook arrived, announcing to me that the right wing was heavily pressed and needed assistance. But I was not advised of the route of Willich's and Kirk's brigades, nor of the rapid withdrawal of Davis's division, necessitated thereby-moreover, having supposed his wing posted more compactly, and his right more refused than it really was, the direction of the noise of battle did not indicate to me the true state of affairs. I consequently directed him to return, and direct General McCook to dispose his troops to the best advantage, and to hold his ground obstinately. Soon after, a second officer from General McCook arrived, and stated that the right wing was being driven-a fact that was but too manifest by the rapid movement of the noise of battle towards the north. General Thomas was immediately despatched to order Rousseau-there in reserve-into the cedar brakes to the right and rear of Sheridan; General Crittenden was ordered to suspend Van Cleve's movement across the river, on the left, and to cover the crossing with one brigade, and move the other two brigades westward across the fields towards the railroad for a reserve. Wood was also directed to suspend his preparations for crossing, and to hold Hascall in reserve. At this moment fugitives and stragglers from McCook's corps began to make their appearance through the cedar brakes in such numbers that I became satisfied that McCook's corps was routed. I therefore directed General Crittenden to send Van Cleve in to the right of Rousseau; Wood to send Colonel Harker's brigade further down the Murfreesboro' pike; to go in and attack the enemy on the right of Van Cleve's; the pioneer brigade meanwhile occupying

Page  7 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 7 the knoll of ground west of Murfreesboro' pike, and about four hundred or five hundred yards in rear of Palmer's centre, supporting Stokes's battery, (see accompanying drawing.) Sheridan, after sustaining four successive attacks, gradually swung his right from a southeasterly to a northwesterly direction, repulsing.the enemy four times, losing the gallant General Sill, of his right, and Colonel Roberts, of his left brigade, when, having exhausted his ammunition, Negley's division being in the same predicament and heavily pressed, after desperate fighting, they fell back from the position held at the commencement, through the cedar woods in which Rousseau's division, with a portion of Negley's and Sheridan's, met the advancing enemy and checked his movements. The ammunition train of the right wing, endangered by its sudden discomfitures, was taken charge of by Captain Thruston, of the 1st Ohio regiment, ordnance officer, who, by his energy and gallantry, aided by a charge of cavalry and such troops as he could pick up, carried it through the woods to the Murfreesboro' pike, around to the rear of the left wing, thus enabling the troops of Sheridan's division to replenish their empty cartridge-boxes. During all this time Palmer's front had likewise been in action, the enemy having made several attempts to advance upon it. At this stage it became necessary to readjust the line of battle to the new state of affairs. Rousseau and Van Cleve's advance having relieved Sheridan's division from the pressure, Negley's division and Cruft's brigade, from Palmer's division, withdrew from their original position in front of the cedars, and crossed the open field to the east of the Murfreesboro' pike, about four hundred yards in rear of our front line, where Negley was ordered to replenish his ammunition and form in close column in reserve. The right and centre of our line now extended from Hazen, on the Murfreesboro' pike, in a northwesterly direction; Hascall supporting Hazen; Rousseau filling the interval to the pioneer brigade; Negley in reserve; Van Cleve west of the pioneer brigade; McCook's corps refused on his right, and slightly to the rear on Murfreesboro' pike; the cavalry being still further to the rear on M[urfreesboro' pike, at and beyond Overall's creek. The enemy's infantry and cavalry attack on our extreme right was repulsed by Van Cleve's division, with Harker's brigade and the cavalry. After several attempts of the enemy to advance on this new line, which were thoroughly repulsed, as were also their attempts on the left, the day closed, leaving us masters of the original ground on our left, and our new line advantageously posted, with open ground in front swept at all points by our artillery. We had lost heavily in killed and wounded, and a considerable number in stragglers and prisoners; also twenty-eight pieces of artillery, the horses having been slain, and our troops being unable to withdraw them by hand over the rough ground; but the enemy had been thoroughly handled, and badly damaged at all points, having had no success where we had open ground and our troops were properly posted; none which did not depend on the original crushing in of our right, and the superior masses which were in consequence brought to bear upon the narrow front of Sheridan's and Negley's divisions, and a part of Palmer's, coupled with the scarcity of ammunition, caused by the circuitous road which the train had taken, and the inconvenience of getting it from a remote distance through the cedars. Orders were given for the issue of all the spare ammunition, and we found that we had enough for another battle, the only question being where that battle was to be fought. It was decided, in order to complete our present lines, that the left should be retired some two hundred and fifty yards to a more advantageous ground, the extreme left resting on Stone river, above the lower ford, and extending to Stokes's battery. Starkweather's and Walker's brigades arriving near the close of the evening, the former bivouacked in close column, in reserve, in rear of MlcCook's left, and the latter was posted on the left of Sheridan, near the Mur

Page  8 8 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS, freesboro' pike, and next morning relieved Van Cleve, who returned to his position in the left wing. DISPOSITION FOR JANUARY 1st, 1863. After careful examination and free consultation with corps commanders, followed by a personal examination of the ground in rear as far as Overall's creek, it was determined to await the enemy's attack in that position, to send for the provision train, and order up fiesh supplies of ammunition; on the arrival of which, should the enemy not attack, offensive operations were to be resumed. No demonstration on the morning of the 1st of January; Crittenden was ordered to occupy the point opposite the ford, on his left, with a brigade. About 2 o'clock in the afternoon the enemy, who had shown signs of movement, and massing on our right, appeared at the extremity of a field a mile and a half from the Murfreesboro' pike, but the presence of Gibson's brigade, with a battery, occupying the woods near Overall's creek, and Negley's division, and a portion of Rousseau's on the Murfreesboro' pike, opposite the field, put an end to this demonstration, and the day closed with another demonstration by the enemy on Walker's brigade, which ended in the same manner. On Friday morning the enemy opened four heavy batteries on our centre, and made a strong demonstration of attack a little further to the right, but a welldirected fire of artillery soon silenced his batteries, while the guns of Walker and Sheridan put an end to his efforts there. About 3 o'clock p. m., while the commanding general was examining the position of Crittenden's left, across the river, which was now held by Van Cleve's division, supported by a brigade from Palmer's, a double line of skirmishers was seen to emerge from the woods in a southeasterly direction, advancing across -the fields, and they were soon followed by heavy columns of infantry-battalion front-with three batteries of artillery. Our only battery on that side of the river had been withdrawn from an eligible point, but the most available spot was pointed out, and it soon opened fire upon the enemy. The line, however, advanced steadily to within one hundred yards of the front of Van Cleve's division, when a short and fierce contest ensued. Van Cleve's division giving way, retired in considerable confusion across the river, followed closely by the enemy. General Crittenden immediately directed his chief of artillery to dispose the batteries on the hill on the west side of the river, so as to open on them, while two brigades of Negley's division, from the reserve, and the pioneer brigade, were ordered up to meet the onset. The firing was terrific and the havoc terrible. The enemy retreated more rapidly than they had advanced. In forty minutes they lost two thousand men. General Davis, seeing some stragglers from Van Cleve's division, took one of his brigades and crossed at a ford below to attack the enemy on his left flank, and, by General McCook's order, the rest of his division was permitted to follow; but when he arrived, two brigades of Negley's division and Hazen's brigade of Palmer's division had pursued the flying enemy well across the fields, capturing four pieces of artillery and a stand of colors. It was now after dark, and raining, or we should have pursued the enemy into Murfreesboro'. As it was, Crittenden's corps passed over and, with Davis's, occupied the crests, which were intrenched in a few hours. Deeming it possible that the enemy might again attack our right and centre, thus weakened, I thought it advisable to make a demonstration on our right by a heavy division of camp fires, and by laying out a line of battle with torches, which assisted the purpose. Saturday, 3d day of January, it rained heavily from 3 o'clock in the morn

Page  9 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 9 ing. The ploughed ground over which our left would be obliged to advance was impassable for artillery. The ammunition trains did not arrive until 10 o'clock; it was therefore deemed unadvisable to advance, but batteries were put in position on the left, by which the ground could be swept, and even Murfreesboro' reached by Parrott shells. A heavy and constant picket firing had been kept up on our right and centre, and extending to our left, which at last became so annoying that in the afternoon I directed the corps commanders to clear their fronts. Occupying the woods to the left of Murfreesboro' pike with sharpshooters, the enemy had annoyed Rousseau all day, and General Thomas and himself requested permission to. dislodge them and their supports, which covered a ford. This was granted, and a sharp fire from batteries was opened for ten or fifteen minutes, when Rousseau sent two of his regiments, which, with Spear's Tennesseeans and the 85th Illinois volunteers that had come out with the wagon train, charged upon the enemy, and, after a sharp contest, cleared the woods and drove the enemy from his trenches, capturing from seventy to eighty prisoners. Sunday morning, the 4th of January, it was not deemed advisable to commence offensive movements, and news soon reached us that the enemy had fled from Murfreesboro'. Burial parties were sent out to bury the dead, and the cavalry was sent to reconnoitre. Early Monday morning General Thomas advanced, driving the rear guard of rebel cavalry before him six or seven miles towards Manchester. McCook and Crittenden's corps following, took position in front of the town, occupying Murfreesboro'. We learned that the enemy's infantry had reached Shelbyville by 12 m. on Sunday, but owing to the impracticability of bringing up supplies, and the loss of five hundred and fifty-seven (557) artillery horses, further pursuit was deemed unadvisable. It may be of use to give the following general summary of the operation and results of the series of skirmishes closing with the battle of Stone river and occupation of Murfreesboro'. We moved on the enemy with the following forces: Infantry, 41,421; artillery, 2,223; cavalry, 3,296; total, 46,940. We fought the battle with the following forces: Infantry, 37,977; artillery, 2,223; cavalry, 3,200; total, 43,400. We lost in killed: Officers, 92; enlisted men, 1,441; total, 1,533. We lost in wounded: Officers, 384; enlisted men, 6,861; total, 7,245. Total killed and wounded, 8,778; being 20.03 per cent. of the entire force in action. Our loss in prisoners is not fully made out, but the provost marshal general says, from present information, they will fall short of 2,800. If there are many more bloody battles on record, considering the newness and inexperience of the troops, both officers and men, or if there has been more true fighting qualities displayed by any people, I should be pleased to know it. As to the condition of the fight, we may say that we operated over an unknown country, against a position which was 15 per cent. better than our own, every foot of ground and approaches being well known to the enemy, and that these disadvantages were fatally enhanced by the faulty position of our right wing. The force we fought is estimated as follows: We have prisoners from 132 regiments of infantry, (consolidations counted as one,) averaging from those in General Bushrod Johnson's division, 411 eachsay, for certain, 350 men each-which will give

Page  10 10 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 132 regiments of infantry, say 350 men each.............. 46, 200 men. 12 battalions of sharpshooters, say 100 men each......... 1,200 men. 23 batteries of artillery, say 80 men each................ 1, 840 men. 29 regiments of cavalry, say 400 men each, and 1 0 24 organizations of cavalry, say 70 men each,*. m. 220 62, 490 men. Their average loss, taken from the statistics of Claburne's, Breckinridge's, and Withers's divisions, was about 2,080 each. This forsix divisions of infantry and one of cavalry will amount to 14,560 men; or to ours nearly as 165 to 100. Of 14,560 rebels struck by our missiles, it is estimated that 20,000 rounds of artillery hit 728 men; 2,000,000 rounds of musketry hit 13,832 men; averaging 27.4 cannon shots to hit one man; 145 musket shots to hit one man. Our relative loss was as follows: Right wing, 15,933 musketry and artillery; loss, 20.72 per cent. Centre, 10,866 musketry and artillery; loss, 18.4 per cent. Left wing, 13,288 musketry and artillery; loss, 24.6 per cent. On the whole, it is evident that we fought superior numbers on unknown ground, inflicted much more injury than we suffered, were always superior on equal ground with equal numbers, and failed of a most crushing victory on Wednesday by the extension and direction of our right wing. This closes the narrative of the movements and seven days' fighting, which terminated with the occupation of Murfreesboro'. For a detailed history of the parts taken in the battles by the different commands, their obstinate bravery and patient endurance, in which the new regiments vied with those of more experience, I must refer to the accompanying sub-reports of the corps, division, brigade, regimental, and artillery commanders. Besides the mention which has been already made of the service of our artillery by the brigade, division, and corps commanders, I deem it a duty to say that such a marked evidence of skill in handling the batteries, and in firing low and with such good effect, appears, in this battle, to deserve special commendation. Among the lesser commands which deserve special mention for distinguished service in the battle is the pioneer corps, a body of 1,700 men, composed of details from the companies of each infantry regiment, organized and instructed by Captain James St. Clair Morton, corps of engineers, chief engineer of this army, which marched, as an infantry brigade, with the left wing, making bridges at Stewart's creek; prepared and guarded the ford at Stone river on the nights of the 29th and 30th; supported Stokes's battery, and fought with valor and determination on the 31st, holding its position till relieved on the morning of the 2d; advancing with the greatest promptitude and gallantry to support Van Cleve's division against the attack on our left on the evening of the same day, constructing a bridge and batteries between that time and Saturday evening. The efficiency and esprit du corps suddenly developed in this command, its gallant behaviour in action, and the eminent services it is continually rendering the army, entitle both officers and men to special public notice and thanks, while they reflect the highest credit on the distinguished ability and capacity of Captain Morton, who will do honor to his promotion to a brigadier general, which the President has promised him. The ability, order, and method exhibited in the management of the wounded elicited the warmest commendations from all our general officers, in which I most cordially join. Notwithstanding the number to be cared for, through the energy of Dr. Swift, medical director, ably assisted by Dr. Weeds and the senior sur

Page  11 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 11 geons of the various commands, there was less suffering from delay than I have ever before witnessed. The 10th regiment of Ohio volunteers, at Stewart's creek, Lieutenant Colonel S. W. Burke commanding, deserves especial praise for the ability and spirit with which they held that post, defended our trains, succored their guards, chased away Wheeler's rebel cavalry, saving a large wagon train, and arrested and retained for service stragglers from the battle-field. The 1st regiment of Michigan engineers and mechanics, at Lavergne, under the command of Colonel James, fighting behind a slight protection of wagons and brush, gallantly repulsed a charge from more than ten times his number of Wheeler's cavalry. For distinguished acts of individual zeal, heroism, gallantry, and good conduct, I refer to the accompanying lists of special mentions and recommendations for promotion, wherein are named some of the many noble men who have distinguished themselves and done honor to their country and the starry symbol of its unity. But those named there are by no means all whose names will be inscribed on the rolls of honor we are preparing, and hope to have held in grateful remembrance by our countrymen. To say that such men as Major General George H. Thomas, true and prudent, distinguished in council, and on many a battle-field for his courage; or Major General McCook, a tried, faithful, and loyal soldier, who bravely breasted the battle at Shiloh and at Perryville, and as bravely on the bloody field of Stone river; and Major General Thomas L. Crittenden, whose heart is that of a true soldier and patriot, and whose gallantry often attested by his companions in arms on other fields, witnessed many times by this army long before I had the honor to command it, and never more conspicuously than in this combat, maintained their high character throughout this action, but feebly expresses my feeling of obligation to them for counsel and support from the time of my arrival to the present hour. I doubly thank them, as well as the gallant and ever-ready Major General Rousseau, for their support in this battle. Brigadier General D. S. Stanley, already distinguished in four successful battles-Island No. 10, May 27; before Corinth; Iuka and the battle of Corinth-at this time in command of our ten regiments of cavalry, fought the enemy's forty regiments of cavalry, and held them at bay, or beat them whereever he could meet them. He ought to be made a major general for his service, and also for the good of the service. As for such brigadiers as Negley, Jefferson C. Davis, Johnson, Palmer, Hascall, Van Cleve, Wood, Mitchell, Cruft, and Sheridan, they ought to be major generals in our service. In such brigade commanders as Colonels Carlin, Miller, Hazen, Samuel Beatty, of the 19th Ohio; Gibson, Gross, Wagner, John Beatty, of the 3rd Ohio; Harker, Starkweather, Stanley, and others whose names are mentioned in the accompanying report, the government may well confide. They are the men from whom our troops should be at once supplied with brigadier generals; and justice to the brave men and officers of the regiments equally demand their promotion to give them and their regiments their proper leaders. Many captains and subalterns also showed great gallantry and capacity for superior commands. But, above all, the steady rank and file showed invincible fighting, courage, and stamina, worthy of a great and free nation, requiring only good officers, discipline, and instructions, to make them equal, if not superior, to any troops in ancient or modern times. To them I offer my most heartfelt thanks and good wishes. Words of mine cannot add to the renown of our brave and patriotic officers and soldiers who fell on the field of honor, nor increase respect for their memory in the hearts of our countrymen. The names of such men as Lieutenant Colonel J. P. Garesche, the pure and

Page  12 12 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. noble christian gentleman and chivalric officer, who gave his life an early offering on the altar of his country's freedom; the gentle, true, and accomplished General Sill; the brave, ingenious, and able Colonels Roberts, Millikin, Shaffer, McKee, Reed, Foreman, Fred. Jones, Hawkins, Knell, and the gallant and faithful Major Carpenter, of the 19th regulars, and many other field officers, will live in our country's history, as will those of many others of inferior rank, whose soldierly deeds on this memorable battle-field won for them the admiration of their companions, and will dwell in our memories in long future years, after God, in his mercy, shall have given us peace, and restored us to the bosom of our homes and families. Simple justice to the gallant officers of my staff, the noble and lamented Lieutenant Colonel Garesche, chief of staff; Lieutenant Colonel Taylor, chief quartermaster; Lieutenant Colonel Symonds, chief commissary; Major C. Goddard, senior aide-de-camp; Major Ralston Skinner, judge advocate general; Lieutenant Frank S. Bowl, aide-de-camp of General Tyler; Captain Chas. R. Thompson, my aide-de-camp; Lieutenant Byron Kirby, 6th U. S. infantry, aide-de-camp, who was wounded on the 31st; R. S. Thoms, esq., a member of the Cincinnati bar, who acted as volunteer aide-de-camp, behaved with distinguished gallantry; Colonel Barnett, chief of artillery and ordnance; Captain S. H. Gilman, 19th U. S. infantry, inspector of artillery; Captain Jas. Curtis, 15th U. S. infantry, assistant inspector general; Captain Wiles, 22d Indiana, provost marshal general; Captain Michler, chief of topographical engineers; Captain Jesse Merrill, signal corps, whose corps behaved well; Captain Elmer Otis, 4th regular cavalry, who commanded the courier line connecting the various headquarters most successfully, and who made a most opportune and brilliant charge on Wheeler's cavalry, routing a brigade and recapturing 300 of our prisoners; Lieutenant Edson, U. S. ordnance officer, who, during the battle of Wednesday, distributed ammunition under the fire of the enemy's batteries and behaved bravely; Captain Hubbard and Lieutenant Newberry, who joined my staff on the field and acted as aids, rendered valuable service in carrying orders on the the field; Lieutenant Royse, 4th U. S. cavalry, who commanded the escort of the headquarters train and distinguished himself for gallantry and efficiency; all not only performed their appropriate duties to my entire satisfaction, but accompanying me everywhere, carrying orders through the thickest of the fight, watching while others slept, and never weary when duty called, deserves my public thanks, and the respect and gratitude of the army. With all the facts of the battle fully before me, the relative numbers and positions of our troops and those of the rebels, the gallantry and obstinacy of the contest and the finale result, I say from conviction, and as public acknowledgement due to Almighty God, in closing this report, "Non nobis Domine! non nobis sed nomine tuo da gloriam." W. S. ROSECRANS, Major General Commanding. Brigadier General L. THOMAS, Adjutant General U. S. A. 1.-REPORT OF COLONEL JAMES BARNETT, CHIEF OF ARTILLERY. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF CUMBERLAND, Murfreesboro', Tenn., February 8, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to submit, for the information of the general commanding, a summary from the reports of the batteries of this department, of their position, &c., at the late battle of Stone river.

Page  13 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 13 RIGHT WING. Second division, composed of the following batteries: Battery A, 1st Ohio artillery, Lieutenant Belding commanding, attached to General Willich's brigade; battery E, 1st Ohio artillery, Captain Edgarton, attached to Colonel Kirk's brigade; 5th Indiana, Captain Simonson, attached to Colonel Buckley's brigade, having the following guns: nine James's rifles, three 6-pounder smooth-bore, two 12-pounder howitzers, two 10-pounder Parrotts, two 12-pounder light field guns. On the evening of the 30th of December battery A was placed in position in the rear of the brigade, on the extreme right of the right wing, with one section, the other two sections fronting the rear, horses unhitched but not unharnessed. At daybreak the horses were sent to water, with the precaution to return at the least alarm; firing commenced, teams returned quickly and hitched. The brigade falling back very fast, the battery retired to a slight eminence in the rear, but the enemy having got so far to the right that the guns were under a cross fire. Near this point three guns were taken by the enemy; two other pieces were taken rapidly to the rear, one gun having horses remaining was served with effect as opportunity was offered, firing about four rounds at each unlimbering. Upon reaching the Murfreesboro' pike this one gun was put in position with Captain Simonson's battery, where about ten rounds were fired. Upon being ordered to return, one wheel-driver and two horses being killed while limbering up, the piece was temporarily abandoned, but was brought off by the Louisville Legion with prolonge attached. This battery the next day was held in position with two guns near the Murfreesboro' pike in reserve, where it remained until ordered forward across the river. Company E, 1st Ohio artillery, Captain Edgarton, was posted, on the night of the 30th December, on the extreme right and in front of battery A, in position to guard a country road, horses harnessed all night. At daylight of 31st horses were sent to water; at the firing of the pickets horses were hitched in, or at least one-half, and others immediately returned. Two shells were thrown in the direction of the enemy, still invisible, and as they appeared six rounds of canister were thrown with great effect. The vigorous attack of the enemy in front and flank, and the loss of many horses, rendered it necessary to abandon the battery, after, however, a determined resistance, two cannoneers being bayoneted at the guns. Captain Edgarton and Lieutenant Berwick were captured. 5th Indiana battery, Captain Simonson, was first put in position on the morning of the 31st, about one-half mile to the right of the six-mile pike, upon which the right wing advanced upon an open field, with the battery fronting to the west. Here the right section was temporarily detailed, by order of Colonel Baldwin, and ordered to the left and front. About four hundred yakd from this position the battery fell back with the division, and were ordered, by Brigadier General Johnson, to take another position on the crest, about two hundred yards to the right of the iMurfreesboro' pike, and near to the right of Major General Rousseau's division, which position it retained until ordered to retire. The next ground taken was in the open space to the left, and about twentyfive yards from the railroad, where it remained until about sunset, when General Johnson ordered the battery to the left of his division, about one hundred and eighty-five yards to the right of the Murfreesboro' pike, opposite the headquarters of Major General Rousseau, where they remained until ordered to cross Stone river, January 5. The battery lost two guns. First division.-The artillery in this division is composed of the following batteries, and had the following guns: 5th Wisconsin, Captain Piney, attached to Colonel Post's brigade; 2d Minnesota, Captain Hotchkiss, attached to Colonel Carlin's brigade; 8th Wisconsin, Captain Carpenter, attached to Colonel Woodruff's brigade. Four 10-pounder Parrotts, eight 6-pounder

Page  14 14 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. smooth-bore, four 12-pounder howitzers. Captain Piney's battery, which, with his brigade, was on the extreme right of the army, on the 30th, after driving the enemy to enable the skirmishers to advance to the open fields, or front, took position, with horses in harness, for the night. After dark two brigades of the 2d division took position on the right. On the morning of the 31st, upon the falling back of these two brigades, the battery changed front to the right, to meet the enemy rapidly approaching by the right and rear, supported by the 59th Illinois and posted in a cornfield, where they opened fire with canister, checking temporarily the advance of the enemy. However, being unopposed on the right, the position became untenable, and the battery was withdrawn, leaving Captain Piney dangerously wounded, with the loss of some eighteen horses and one gun. The balance of the battery was dragged to the rear by the assistance of the 59th Illinois. Near the Nashville pike it was charged upon by cavalry, who were driven off by the 4th regiment cavalry, and took position behind Overall's creek, on a hill to the right of the pike, where they remained all night. The next morning their position was on the left of the pike, where breastworks were thrown up in a position to enfilade the enemy's lines. At this point a rebel battery opening was soon silenced by a few Parrott shot. In the afternoon of the next day the battery, with its brigade, were ordered to cross the Stone river, where they were put into position, throwing up breastworks, and where they remained until two o'clock on the morning of January 4, when they recrossed the river, taking their position on the right, where they remained until January 6, 1863. 2d Mlinnesota battery, Captain Hotchkiss. —This battery moved on the 30th with its brigade to the right of the Wilkinson pike, until the withdrawal of skirmishers, when the battery opened with canister and spherical case with effect. When the first line of the brigade had arrived at the point about one hundred and eighty yards from the house of Mrs. William Smith, two batteries, one about one hundred yards west of the house, and another on the east of the house, two hundred and fifty yards distant, opened fire on the 21st Illinois and 15th Wisconsin volunteers. These batteries were soon silenced by another to the right, about five hundred yards, enfilading. The brigade was driven off by a well-directed fire from this battery. Before daylight, on the morning of the 31st, the battery was retired two hundred yards; soon after which the brigade was vigorously attacked and obliged to fall back across the open fields and entered a wood about two hundred yards east of Gresion's house, when several rounds were fired with destructive effect. The command was again retired about one mile, and went into position in the edge of a cedar grove, from whence they again retired to the railroad. The next position was near the Nashville pike, four miles from Murfreesboro'. On January 2, under order of Major General Rosecrans, the brigade and battery were sent to the left, crossing Stone river at the ford, relieving Colonel Hazen, where they remained until January 4. The 8th Wisconsin battery, Captain Carpenter, at about 11 o'clock, 30th December, were posted on the edge of a cotton-field, in front of a wood running parallel with the pike, facing southeast, placed in the interval between General Sill's right and the left of its (Colonel Woodruff's) brigade. At about 3 o'clock the command was moved forward, with heavy skirmishing. The right of the brigade being well advanced, were halted, and remained until support should come up. The battery was placed at the angle of the fence, to protect the right and front, when it received a heavy fire, occasionally replying with shell, until towards night, when the enemy opened a heavy artillery fire on the right of Carlin's brigade, which was silenced in handsome style in a few minutes. Colonel Carlin's brigade being attacked at about the same time, this battery again opened with such effect as to effectually check the attack.

Page  15 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 15 The enemy, on the morning of the 31st, made this attack in five lines, the battery opening a full fire of canister with terrific effect. After a determined resistance, being ordered back, several ineffectual attempts were made to get into position, but owing to the general stampede no stand could be made until they reached the Murfreesboro' pike, where they remained until Tuesday; being then ordered to the left, crossed the ford, and went into position on the extreme left, about two miles from the ford. On Saturday, January 3, the battery changed position again to the right, where they remained until ordered to Murfreesboro'. 3d division.-The batteries of this division are as follows: Battery G, 1st Missouri, Captain Hescock, attached to Colonel Schafer's 2d brigade; battery C, 1st Illinois, Captain Houtaling, attached to Colonel Roberts's 3d brigade; 4th Indiana battery, Captain Bush, attached to General Sill's 1st brigade, with the following guns: two 10-pounder Parrotts, four 12-pounder light field guns, two James's rifles, six 6-pounder smooth-bore, and four 12-pounder howitzers. Battery G, 1st Missouri, Captain Hescock, moved on the morning of the 30th, at 7 a. m., with their brigade on the right and rear of the division, to the right of the Wilkinson pike, having Bush's battery on the left. Towards evening, Bush moving to the front, Captain Hescock took his place. The three batteries of the division concentrated their fire upon the enemy's batteries, silencing their fire. In the morning this battery and Captain Houtaling opened a heavy fire upon the enemy, who were engaging Generals Sill's and Davis's commands, until the enemy, who were pursuing General Johnson's command, gained their rear, when they moved to the front, to the position first held by the enemy, and then took position on the north side of the road, sending one section to re-enforce Captain Bush, engaging the enemy hotly until their ammunition was expended, when they retired through the cedars with the division. After gaining the open field, their guns were brought into action and fired until all the ammunition was expended. About 3 o'clock, January 1, they took a position south of the Murfreesboro' pike, and were not further engaged. Battery P, 1st Illinois, Captain Houtaling, on the 30th, moved on the left of Captain Bush, and next to the Wilkinson pike, south side, opened fire, in concert with the other batteries of the division, at the enemy in front. On the 31st, at the falling back of General Johnson, this battery took position on the right of the pike, just in the edge of the timber, supported by Colonel Roberts's brigade, where he remained until all of his horses were killed and ammunition expended, when he was forced to abandon his guns, falling back and assisting at the guns of the other batteries of the division. 4th Indiana battery, Captain Bush, on the afternoon of the 30th, being on the right of Captain Houtaling, moved his battery to the front, and opened fire on the enemy at short range, with the other batteries, driving back the enemy. During the night the captain moved to a more commanding position. On the 31st the battle opened with this division by an attempt to capture this battery, which was gallantly defended by General Sill, when this brave officer fell between the guns. The battery fell back with the other batteries of the division, and took position on the north of the pike, sending one section, with Lieutenant Flansburg, to re-enforce Captain Houtaling; one Parrott section, with Lieutenant Tallifero, was at this time sent to Captain Houtaling, assisted by Captain Hescock, when, after a very warm resistance, and ammunition failing, the battery was compelled to retire, with the loss of two of his guns left in the cedars. The next position taken was on the south of the Murfreesboro' pike, with the division. CENTRE. First division.-The artillery of this division consists of the following batteries: Captain Stone, 1st Kentucky battery; Lieutenant Van Pelt, 1st Michi

Page  16 16 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. gan battery; Company H, 4th United States artillery, Lieutenant Guenther, with the following guns: ten 10-pounder Parrotts, two James's rifles, two 6-pounder smooth-bore; 12-pounder light field guns. Captain Stone, 1st Kentucky battery, was not ordered into position until January 1, when it was posted on the right of the Murfreesboro' pike, directly in front of the log house, one section being stationed in the woods about 100 yards distant. The battery afterwards moved to the front edge of the woods, in rear of the brigade to which it was attached. At night it relieved Lieutenant Parsons's battery, which was stationed outside and in front of the woods commanding the cornfields and woods to the right and front, in which position it remained until January 3; at 4 p. m. relieved Captain Cox's half battery, which was about 50 yards to the left, posting a half battery in its place at night, shelled the fields and woods from both points; were not further engaged. 1st Michigan battery, Lieutenant Van Pelt, took position, in the morning of the 31st, on the left of the pike, three miles from Murfreesboro', where they remained during the day, serving their guns with effect; were relieved on the 1st of January, and took position about half a mile in rear of front line of battle. On the 2d of January moved a few hundred yards to the front, and took position on the right of the pike, remaining at this point through the day. On Saturday morning the battery moved to the front, behind earthworks, immediately beyond the pike, fronting the position occupied on Wednesday, remaining there all day and night, shelling the woods at sundown. Company H, 4th artillery, Lieutenant Guenther. On the morning of the 31st, this battery moved through the cedars to the left of the pike with its brigade, but was returned, owing to the impracticability of operating in the woods, and took position in the open ground in time to check a rebel advance. From the cedars it then moved to a position on the rise of ground on the opposite side of the pike. On the appearance of the enemy at close range a heavy fire with canister shot was opened on them with such effect that they were driven back to the woods in disorder. The battery held this position until the morning of the 1st of January, when it was moved some distance to the rear, and after several changes of front, was ordered with the brigade to a point on the Murfreesboro' pike, beyond Stewart's creek: this order being countermanded, the battery camped near its old point. On the morning of January 3 fire was opened on a battery of the enemy which was annoying our troops, resulting in driving it from its position. During the forenoon the brigade and battery moved forward and occupied rifle-pits and epaulments which had been constructed for them. At dusk the battery opened fire with shell and spherical case shot on the enemy concealed in the woods and buildings and behind breastworks, &c., which, being followed by infantry, drove them from their position. The battery remained in position during the following day, and on the morning of the 5th removed to Murfreesboro'. Second division, Brigadier General Negley.-The batteries of this division are as follows: Company M, 1st Ohio, Captain Schultz; company G, 1st Ohio artillery, Lieutenant Marshall; company M, 1st Kentucky, Lieutenant Ellsworth, with the following guns: two 12-pounder Wiard steel guns, two 6-pounder Wiard, four 12-pounder howitzers, two James's rifle, one 6-pounder smooth-bore, two 16-pounder Parrotts. The three batteries of this division were posted with the division on a slope of the west bank of Stone river, in advance, but joining the right of General Crittenden's line with General Sheridan on their right; Captain Schultz on the right of battery G, 1st Ohio; battery M, 1st Kentucky, on the left. The batteries opened fire on the enemy and drove them, holding the position during the day and night. On the 31st, these batteries, after holding their position under a murderous fire for some hours, having a large proportion of their horses killed, and being out of ammunition, were compelled to retire with the loss of six guns in getting through the cedars. Company M,

Page  17 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 17 on January 1, was posted on the left side of the railroad; changed position about one o'clock to the right of Murfreesboro' pike, where it remained until night. On January 2 these batteries were posted on the hill at the ford of Stone river to resist the attack on the left, which proved successful. LEFT WING. The batteries of the left wing are the following: Company M, 4th United States artillery, Lieutenant Parsons; company H, 4th artillery, Lieutenant Throckmorton; company B, 1st Ohio artillery, Captain Standart, attached to the second division; 10th Indiana, Captain Cox; 8th Indiana, Lieutenant Estep; 6th Ohio, Captain Bradley, attached to 1st division; 7th Indiana battery, Captain Swallow; 3d Wisconsin, Lieutenant Livingston; 26th Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Stevens, attached to the 3d division, with the following guns: four 3-inch rifles, ten 12-pounder howitzers, six James's rifles, twelve 6-pounder smooth-bores, sixteen 10-pounder Parrotts. The first position taken by batteries H and 3M, under command of Lieutenant Parsons, was just to the right of Murfreesboro' pike, two and a half miles from Murfreesboro'. During the morning they retired for ammunition, and took a second position between the railroad and pike, and after firing away all their ammunition, they again retired. On the 2d of January they were moved to the front, and soon after took position at the hill near the ford, and participated in repulsing the enemy from our left. Company B, 1st Ohio artillery, Captain Standart, on the 31st, was posted on the right of Lieutenant Parsons. After firing away his ammunition he retired for the day. On the 2d he was put in position on the hill, on the right of the pike commanding the cornfield occupied by Stokes's battery the day before. Being under a very heavy cannonading, three pieces were retired to a position under cover in reserve to the left of the pike. These three guns were in the afternoon moved to the left to resist the attack of the enemy. Company F, 1st Ohio, Captain Cockerill, on the 31st, was placed in position on the left of Parsons's battery, and on the right of the pike; but during the morning retired and took position on the left of the railroad, and about four hundred yards from it, which position they held until the attack on the left, to which point Lieutenant Osborne moved four pieces, (the captain having been wounded.) Captain Bradley, on the morning of the 31st, moved with Colonel Hacker's brigade on its advance to check the enemy on the right, and held with it its position through the day. On the 2d he held a position on commanding ground near to the right of the railroad. When the attack was made on the left, he changed front to fire to the left. 7th Indiana battery, Captain Swallow, on the 31st went into battery a short distance to the right of the pike, two and a half miles from Murfreesboro', and in the afternoon moved to the left of the railroad, going into battery on the right of Cockerill's battery. On the 2d this battery also was placed on the high ground to resist the enemy's attack at the ford. 8th Indiana battery, Lieutenant Estep.-This battery was placed on the opposite side of the pike, (left,) and rear of Captain Swallow's battery. On the 2d, having suffered severely from the enemy's artillery in the morning, he retired to repair damages, and when the attack was made on the left massed with the other batteries on the hill at the ford. 10th Indiana battery,,Captain Cox, was placed in position in front, and on the left of the railroad, which he maintained on the 31st and afterwards. 26th Pennsylvania battery, Lieutenant Stevens, was posted on the left, and facing the pike, three milesfrom Murfreesboro', when the enemy appeared. As they fell back he moved forward, crossing the pike, taking position on the ridge, changing several times. On the 2d he changed front to fire to the left, and opened fire Ex. Doc. 2 -2

Page  18 18 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. when the attack was made in that direction, 3d Wisconsin battery, Lieutenant Livingston, was commanding the ford on the 31st; they afterward moved across the river at the ford. When the attack was made on the 2d they recrossed and took position on the hill in line with the other batteries of the corps. Board of Trade battery, Captain Stokes, attached to Pioneer brigade, consisting of four six-pounders, smooth bore, two James's rifles, moved on the 31st promptly to the front and right of the pike, serving canister with effect. They afterwards moved still further to the front, holding a good position, commanding a cornfield and the woods beyond. After having held the position thirty-six hours the battery was ordered to the rear. On the 2d this battery was again put in position with the batteries to resist the attack from the left, and opened with the artillery force massed at that point a destructive fire, causing the enemy to retire. The losses in materiel and personnel I had the honor to report immediately after the battle. The many gallant actions of battery officers and men are named by their immediate commanders in their reports, to which I respectfully refer for the details of their action. The practice of the batteries was good, and the precaution of the general commanding to fire low and be sparing of ammunition was heeded. Owing to the nature of the country, the loss of the guns was unavoidable, as in falling back on the right the horses could not be under cover, and the thick cedar thickets prevented the guns being brought off by hand. Six guns, three caissons, three damaged forges, and two battery wagons were captured from the enemy, or recaptured; also five thousand four hundred and fifty-one muskets, with bayonets, scabbards, &c. The whole number of men engaged in serving the batteries was eighty-six commissioned officers, twenty-seven hundred and sixty non-commissioned officers and privates. I remain, colonel, your obedient servant, JAMES BARNETT, Colonel and Chief of Artillery. Lieutenant Colonel C. GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant General and Chief of Staf.

Page  19 Report of loss sustained by the batteries of the fourteenth army corps. OFFICERS. ENLISTED MEN. GUNS. HORSES. HARNESS BATTERY FORGES. AMMUNITION. LOST. WAGONS. Designation of battery. Name of comRemarks. ing officer. T ~ A 5 B co. CZ B. 0 Battery E, 1st Ohio artillery...... Capt. Edgarton........ 2 2 10 5 20 6 75.... 28 14.... 1 7 Battery A, 1st Ohio artillery...... Lieut. Belding............... 1 5 23 3 1 73....... 22 11 1 1 25 5th Indiana battery.............. Capt. Simonson............... 3 19 2 2 9 14 6..................... 213 Battery G, 1st Illinois artillery.... Capt. Hescock............. 4 12 5... 20........ 17.................. 1,112 Battery C, 1st Illinois artillery.... Capt. Houghtaling.... 11 6 20 24 6 80.... I 1,154 4th Indiana battery............... Capt. Bush...... 6 17 3 17. 10.............. 1 1,160 5th Wisconsin battery........... Lieut. Hill........ 1... 5 1 21........ 6 3................. 726 8th Wisconsin battery................. 4 1 2 18 4 2 375' 8th1 Wiscon'in battery. Lieut. Stiles. 1'' 4 1 2...... 1. 2:2d Minnesota battery............. Capt. Hotchkiss........... 3 5 2... 13 1 1................. 500 1st Michigan battery............ Lieut. Van Pelt.......1........ 1 1.......... 5 5 2...................... 697 J 1st Kentucky battery............. Captain Stone......................... 1 2 4......... 110 Battery H, 5th U. S. artillery. Lient. Guenther...... 3 4........... 1 558 Battery Michigan artillery........ Capt. Church................................................................................. 170 Battery M, 1st Ohio artillery...... Capt. Shultz........... I 1 1.... 9.............................7.... 50 Battery G, 1st Ohio artillery...... Lieut. Marshall................ 4 8 3 4 34..12...553 Hewitt's Kentucky battery....... Lieut. Nell.................... 2 1....1 28.... 14 5..531 Battery B, 1st Ohio artillery...... Capt. Standart........... 3 13 3........ 21....................... 1 1,610 Batteries H, M, 4th U. S. artillery.. Lieut. Parsons......... 2 14 6 20....2,299 7th Indiana battery.............. ieut. Swallow.... 4 1 4........................ 406 Battery F, 1st Ohio artillery...... Capt. Cockerill........ 1.... 12.................... 24............................. 1,080 3d Wisconsin battery............ Lieut. Livingston...... 4....9......358 26th Pennsylvania battery........ Lieut. Stevens..... 2 7 7....1,650 10th Indiana battery,.......... Capt. Cox................ 1 4......... 72.................... 1,4428th Indiana battery.............. Lieut. Estep............... 6 6........ 15 4.871 6th Ohio battery................. Capt. Bradley.......... 2 2 1.16 5 500 Board of Trade battery........... Capt. Stokes.. 3 8........ 1........................ 1,450 Total........................................ 2 9 3 61 195 103 28 1 533 36 59 83 36 3 1 5 1 20,307 Respectfully submitted. JAMES BARNETT, Colonel and Chief of rtillery. CP

Page  20 20 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 2.-REPORT OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL TAYLOR, CHIEF QUARTERMASTER. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Offce of Chief Quartermaster, Murfreesboro', February 1, 1863. GENERAL: I have the honor to report herewith a statement of the losses of animals and means of transportation during the battle of Stone river; also a list of the animals, means of transportation, and other property, captured from the enemy and picked up on the field and at Murfreesboro', as reported by the quartermasters of the several divisions named. A large number of the wagons that were partially burned by the enemy have been recovered and turned into the repair shops. Some wagons, and a large number of animals reported as lost, have been picked up by the several regiments, and will be taken up and accounted for by the quartermasters in their monthly returns, so that the actual loss is much less than appears by the annexed statement. Very respectfully, JOHN W. TAYLOR, Lieutenant Colonel and Quartermaster. Major General W. S. ROSECRANS, Commanding Department of the Cumberland. Statement ofpublic animals and means of transportation captured by the enemy, killed in battle, lost, and destroyed, from December 26, 1862, until January 16, 1863. HORSES. W I Command.; s I s i _ IIGHT WING. Headquarters. —---- 10 1 60.................. 60 1ST DIVISION. Headquarters.... -—. —.. —---- 3 7.. 8 5 13 Ammunition and supply train- 35.... 204 4...... 3 7 204 211 1st Brigade. Headquarters.. —---. —-- -. 4 3...... 1 4.. — 4 22d Indiana volunteers..... 1... 6.. —-. 2- - 2 2 5 7 59th Illinois volunteers. —-- 2 1 12 —......... 2 2 11 13 74th Illinois volunteers —.... 2. —. 12.................. 12 12 75th Illinois volunteers.... 1. 6............. 12 12 5th Wisconsin battery........ 2.... 30.... 21. 21 12 33 2d Brigade. Headquarters --........-.. --. 24 -....1 1 24 25 21st Illinois volunteers....... 4. 13 -1. 13 38th Illinois volunteers.... 2. 14 1.- -.. 1 15 16 15th Wisconsin volunteers.... 2 1 28 3...-.. 3 25 28

Page  21 REPORT OF MAJOR. GENERAL ROSECRANS. 21 Statement of public animals, 4c.-Continued. HORSES. Command. I oo ~ w h t1' a a - - 101st Ohio volunteers —---. — 4. 2............................ 2d Minnesota battery -...... 13 13. —-.. 13 3d Brigade. Headquarters —....... —..... —. - - - -4 4 1 5 25th Illinois volunteers...... 1.... 6.......- -1 1 6 7 35th Illinois volunteers...... 1 6- -......... 4 4 6 10 81st Indiana volunteers...... 2.... 10 4.... 1 5 6 11 8th Wisconsin battery...........-... 8 -—.. 18...18 8...... 18 36th Illinois cavalry, B comp......... 3 3...... 2d Kentucky cavalry, G comp...-.............-. 7 7...... 7 2D DIVISION. Headquarters.... -.. —..3d Indiana cavalry - -1. -........ " 1 —. - -. —-- - ---- 30 30...-.. 30 Supply train ---—.-.-..-.- 3. 18...... —-..... —-—... 18 18 Ammunition train2........... 2. 12........- —. 12 12 1st Brigade. Headquarters-. —15th Ohio volunteers —.. —. — 1 5 —... 4 1 5 49th Ohio volunteers —------ -—. 2 4. -—........... —-..... — -- 32d Indiana volunteers-...... -. — 1 1 2 39th Indiana volunteers.. 1. 1 4 4 - 4 4 89th Illinois volunteers..,-.-2. 2 22 2... —-. 2...... 2 1st Ohio art'ry, vol. battery A.. 1 30...... 62.... 62..... 62. 2d Brigade. Headquarters. —----—.. —---------- 7 7 7 14 34th Illinois volunteers - -... -.. —-—. ----—. 1 1.- - 1 79th Illinois volunteers 1. —.. ------ 2 1 3 29th Indiana volunteers...... 1 2 2..... 2 4 6 30th Indiana volunteers...... ---- 1.....2 2 77th Pennsylvania volunteers- -—..-...2 —-- 2 2...... 2 1st Ohio artil'ry, vol. battery E. - -—. 82 7 75.. 82 6 88 3d Brigade. Headquarters. —... —- -. 1 --- 6 —. —-. — 6 6 1st Ohio volunteers ------ ---- ---- ------ ----- ----- --- ---- ---- ---- 93d Ohio volunteers.....-....... —- 1 4 5 5:..- 5...... 5 5th Kentucky volunteers, (S.S.) 1 -—. 6 1 -....-. 1 6 7 6th Indiana volunteers-, —. --- 1 6 1... — 1 6 7 5th Indiana battery —..... —----- 13...... 24.... 24...... 24 3d Indiana cavalry, 3 battal's. — 3D DIVISION. Headquarters — ------ ------ ----- ---- ----- ------ ------ Ammunition and supply train- 58 -.-. 348 348 348

Page  22 22 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Statement of public animals, 4vc.-Continued. HORSES. CS u) Command. oI a c a Cx 0 I - - t" &*. C 4 _0~ _ lot Brigade. Headquarters................. —- -----... —----- 36th Illinois volunteers...... 1 - 6 ------..- 6 6 88th Illinois volunteers...... 2 14 2..2 12 14 24th Wisconsin volunteers........ —- 1 1 21st Michigan volunteers.. —- -- 4th Indiana battery-........ 1 1 8 2 43 45 6 51 2d Brigade. Headquarters --- - 1 ---- 6... — -. --- 6 6 2d Missouri volunteers —----- 1 —.. 44 4 15th Missouri volunteers. -- -...- -.. 44th Illinois volunteers -—. --- ---- ---. -- ---- ----- —. — 73d Illinois volunteers-. —-- 1....1 6 —. —-- ---. — 6 6 1st Missouri, battery G........ 1. -. 6 - 37 -- 37 6 43 3d Brigade. Headquarters.... —-—.-. 1 6- - -- 6 6 27th Illinois volunteers...... 2 2 16 16 16 42d Illinois volunteers...... 1 2 8 - ---- 8 8 51st Illinois volunteers...- -- 2 1 14 1 18 -- - 18 36 22d Illinois volunteers -.- -.- 1 6 --- ---- 6 6 1st Illinois battery. -..... 1 ---- 8 --- 85 - 85 8 93 CENTRE. 1ST DIVISION. 2d Brigade. 3d Ohio volunteers..... 1 -.. —------ --- ---- 4 4 88th Indiana volunteers1... 4 1. 4 1 1 -. — 1 1st Michigan battery -------- 10 ------—. — 10.. 10 4th Brigade. Headquarters --— 1.. —------ -- 1 1st batt. 18th infantry, U. S- - 2..-. --- 10 10 2d batt. 18th infantry; U. S. 1 2 — 2 2 5th United States artillery.-.-. 15 -- — 15 —. 1 15. 15 2D DIVISION. Headquarters and division train. 5 90 ----- 90 90 2d Brigade. Headquarters —-- -- --- 1. 1 1 18th Ohio volunteers..-.-......- -..- - 6 6 4 10

Page  23 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 23 Statement of public animals, Sc. —Continued. HORSES. Command. bo Ce E C 3 a) Q H. 3d Brigade. Headquarters -------.2 --- 12 1.... 1 2 8 10 74th Ohio volunteers —-. 1 1 6 2 -....- ---- 2 4 6 37th Indiana volunteers-...... 4 1 16 1 ---------- 1 12 13 21st Ohio volunteers -, -.-. 4 1 1 6.. —- 6 78th Pennsylvania volunteers- 1 -—. 14 1 ------ 9 10 ----- 10 1st Ohio artillery, battery E. —-28 -—.. 46 --- 46. —-.. 46 Hewitt's Kentucky battery.. 1 - 19 ----- 18 18.. 18 Ist Ohio artillery, battery M.. —... 1 - - 9 ---- 9 1 10 5TH DIVISION. 2d Brigade. Headquarters.-. —---- 15 88 5.. —-- 5 84 89 105th Ohio volunteers........ 4... 8 ----- ---- ----- 16 16 80th Illinois volunteers..-. 5 -. 10 1 1 -. —--- 1 20 21 123d Illinois volunteers — 4.. 12 -.. ——.. —...- 24 24 101st Indiana volunteers.... 4 ---- 10...... —... —. 20 20 19th Indiana battexy ----- 2. —. 4. 10 ---- 10. 10 LEFT WING. 1ST DIVISION. Supply trainm...-. —-.- -..- 2 2 6th Ohio battery......... --- 2 --—. 16 - 16 --- 16 10th Indiana battery-. 22 ---- 22 1 23 8th Indiana battery -.. —.. 2 ---- 12 18 3 21 12 33 26th Ohio volunteers ------- 1 1 8 4...... - --- 4 6 10 58th Indiana volunteers — 2.... 12. — —. ----- 12 12 3d Kentucky volunteers. —. 1. - 6 ---.... —-—. ---------- 6 6 13th Michigan volunteers —---- - 6 ------ ------ ---- ----- 6 6 2D DIVISION. Supply train ----- -.. —- 2. 6....... 12 12 90th Ohio volunteers -------- ---- ------ ------ - ----- 110th Illinois volunteers... —. ---- ---- - ----- ----- --- ------ 1 1 9th Indiana volunteers —--------- 1 1 2...- ---- 2 ----- 2 3D DIVISION. Supply train... —-----—... 2 8 --------—. —- 7 7 3d Wisconsin battery.. —------ ---—..... 11 -—.- 11 11 26th Pennsylvania battery. —.. —.. —... — - 7 ---- 7 7th Indiana battery-..... —.. —5 -. —-- 5 Detached. Michigan engineers and mechanics -. —. —--------- 3 --- 41 21. —------- 21 20 41 3d Ohio cavalry ---—....- 1 6. — 6 6 Captain Warren's supply train_ 6 Total loss —. 229 28 1,540 139 555 80 774 1,334 2,.108

Page  24 24 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. List of animals, means of transportation, and other property captured from the enemy and picked up on the battle-field, from January 1 to January 16, 1863, as per reports of division quartermasters. Command.; a ~L 0 o C RIGHT WING. No. P'nds. Bush's. 2d division......,....-.-.... 20 50 70 -..... —-- 3d division —... —...-.. —-—. — -.. —---- 4 4 --------... CENTRE. 8th division -.......... 9 -.-. 18 15 33 12........... LEFT WING. Ist division. —----- 1 1 17 7 24 -....-...... —-- 3d division.-, 1 2 -....... 1 2 6 8. — DETACHED. 10th Ohio...-........ —. 3... 14 1 15 19...... Captain Boyd, a. qm.... —... -------- - - 6 6. —1st brigade pioneers.-. ---- 4. 4.. 4 21..... —--- Chief army police —.-. 1. 143 103 246 2... —-- Captain C. F. King, a. qm........... —..8,680 3,500 Lieut. Col. J. W. Taylor,qm --... 5 4 9. 1,069... - Total,-...-......... 18 2 223 196 419 54 1,069 8,680 3,550 3.-REPORT OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL SIMMONS, CHIEF COMMISSARY OF SUBSISTENCE. HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND, Office Ch. C. S., Murfreesboro', February 14, 1863. COLONEL: I have the honor to submit herewith a statement of stores lost and picked up by the several commands of the centre and left wing, commanded by Major Generals Thomas and Critteiden, on the battle-field and between Stone river and Nashville, during the late action on Stone river. No report of stores lost on the right wing has been furnished me. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, SAMUEL SIMMONS, Lieutenant Colonel and Chief Lieutenant Colonel C. GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant General and Chief of Staf.

Page  25 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 25 Statement of subsistence stores lost and taken up on and near the battle-field, during the battle of Stone river, about January 1, 1863. FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS. First division, Captain G. R. Paul, commissary of subsistence. Lost.-8,700 pounds of fresh beef, 3,874 pounds of fresh bacon, 39 barrels of flour, 10,123 pounds of hard bread, 6121 bushels of beans, 225 pounds of rice, 891 pounds of roasted coffee, 187 pounds of tea, 1,388 pounds of sugar, 320 pounds of adamantine candles, 120 pounds of tallow candles, 1,380 pounds of soap, 42 gallons molasses, 220 pounds of mixed vegetables. Taken up.-4,500 pounds of fresh beef, 29,873 pounds of bacon, 5-64 barrels of flour, 38,382 pounds of hard bread, 32l- bushels of beans, 2,537-I pounds of rice, 4,681 pounds of roasted coffee, 91 pounds of tea, 6,835 pounds of sugar, 80 gallons vinegar, 360 pounds of adamantine candles, 1,532 pounds of soap. Second division, Captain W. J. Kane, commissary of subsistence Lost.-4 barrels of pork, 6,432 pounds of fresh beef, 500 pounds of bacon, 5 barrels of flour, 150 pounds of coffee, 1,400 pounds of sugar, 40 gallons of molasses. TWENTY-FIRST ARMY CORPS. First division, Captain S. D. Henderson, commissary of subsistence. Lost.-38 head of cattle, estimated to weigh 600 pounds each, net. Second division, Lieutenant C. C. Peck, assistant commissary of subsistence. Lost.-4,500 pounds of bacon, 5,000 pounds of hard bread. Third division, Captain J. O. Stanage, assistant commissary of subsistence. Lost.-1,295 pounds of bacon, 3,922 pounds of roasted coffee, 46 pounds of tea, 893 pounds of soap. 4.-REPORT OF DR. EBEN SWIFT, MEDICAL DIRECTOR. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Murfreesboro', January 25, 1863. COLONEL: Herewith I have the honor to transmit a brief report of the transactions of the medical department of the army of the Cumberland, together with the reports of the medical directors of the right, left, and centre. On the morning of the 26th of December last, pursuant to orders from the commanding general, the army moved forward from camp near Nashville towards Murfreesboro', the right on the Nolinsville and the centre on the Franklin pikes, while the left advanced direct on the Murfreesboro' road. Soon after Major General McCook, in command of the right wing, left his camp on Mill creek, he encountered the cavalry of the enemy, and skirmished with them till he reached Nolinsville. About a mile in advance of this place the enemy made a determined stand with a battery in position, but was soon routed, with the loss of one of his guns and several prisoners. We had three

Page  26 26 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. men killed and seven wounded in Davis's division. The heavy rain of the nMorning had subsided, and now the country was enveloped in fog or mist. The same day Major General Thomas, in command of the centre, moved across the country from the Franklin to the Nolinsville pike; sent aid to General Davie, who he learned was engagel, and on the following day marched to Stewartsville, on the Murfreesboro'pike. He remained here till the morning of the 29th, when he advanced to the support of the left wing, which had preceded him, and was now near Murfreesboro'. On the 30th General Negley's division of this portion of the army joined with Sheridan, who occupied the left of General McCook's command, which had moved up from Nolinsville on the Wilkinson pike, and now occupied a position nearly parallel with the enemy, the left resting on the Wilkinson pike, and the right extending southwesterly in a line in a direction with the river. In this movement of the right from near Nolinsville, General Stanley, in command of a division of cavalry in advance, encountered the enemy in considerable force and drove him beyond Triune. The cavalry lost one killed and five wounded, and in another affair the much lamented Major Rosingartin was killed, and Major Ward mortally wounded; ofthe Anderson cavalry six privates were also wounded. These were taken with the command in ambulances, and placed in hospital at the crossroads. Major General Crittenden, in command of the left wing, while advancing along the Murfreesboro' pike, met the enemy, on the 27th, at Lavergne, and put him to flight. In this engagement we lost two killed and thirty-two wounded. These latter were left in hospital at Lavergne in charge of medical officers, and were subsequently removed to Nashville. On the 29th this grand division of the army moved into position on the extreme left, with General Palmer on the right, resting on the Murfreesboro' pike and joining Negley, of the centre, and General Wood occupying the ground from Palmer to the river, General Van Cleve in reserve of this, and General Rousseau in rear of the centre. General Rosecrans, with his entire staff, advanced from Nashville on the Murfreesboro' pike, and, having reached the head of the column, turned off to the right over a heavy mud road, visited General McCook's command, and returned to his camp in the rear of Lavergne about 4 o'clock the following morning. Here he remained contemplating the movements of the enemy, till the following day, when he moved on to Stewartsville. The next day, (the 29th,) late in the evening, he visited General Crittenden's headquarters, and remained in consultation all night with the chief officers of his command. On the following morning one of our batteries, in position a little to the left, and in advance of the general, opened fire upon a battery of the enemy still more to the left, and on elevated ground, which, replying, killed one of the escort, Private Dolan, of the 4th United States cavalry, and wounded the adjutant of the 7th Indiana volunteers in the shoulder; at the same time a private of an infantry regiment not engaged, was killed. The general and his staff now fell back three or four hundred yards to the sloping ground on the left of the road, where he remained all day. About 11 o'clock the heavy picket firing on our left ceased, and opened generally along our right, where General McCook was being engaged. The enemy was strongly intrenched behind earthworks extending from the river, on our extreme left, across our front in almost a direct line; then far along our right, but receding from the Wilkinson to the Franklin pike, through heavy timber. The left wing lost to-day three killed and eighteen wounded; the centre, fourteen killed and fifty-three wounded; and the right, twenty-four killed and one hundred and five wounded. Field hospitals were established for the left and centre, in houses and tents

Page  27 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 27 along the Nashville pike; and for the right wing, in the same manner, on the Wilkinson pike and neighborhood. Before leaving Nashville I had approved of full and complete requisitions, at the suggestion of Surgeon Murray, United States army, my predecessor, for the three grand divisions of the army. I had also in reserve tents, bedding, etc., for a field hospital for more than 2,500 men, which I ordered up from the rear on the 29th, as soon as I learned the enemy had made a stand near Murfreesboro'. At the same time I ordered forward twenty ambulances-all that we had on hand at Nashville. Surgeons were detailed to perform operations when decided on after consultation, for dressing, and such other duties as the reception and disposition of the wounded and circumstances required. Early on the morning of the 31st, the enemy, during the night having massed a heavy force on our right, fiercely attacked Johnson's and Davis's divisions, which he forced back; and Sheridan's, being heavily pressed, was obliged to recede. The hospitals, wounded, and nearly all the medical supplies of this wing of the army thus fell into the hands of the enemy. We were also called on to lament in sadness the loss of General Sill, and many noble and brave officers and men. About 9 o'clock the commanding general, with his staff, dashed boldly forward to the front of the left wing, and in person directed the movements of troops and placed batteries in position. His daring presence so near the enemy's line brought down upon him an angry and spiteful fire of musketry, round shot and shell, almost at point-blank range. But utterly disregarding this metallic storm, our brave commander moved calmly on from left to right, cheering and inspiring our faltering troops. And throughout the day wherever the tide of battle most fiercely raged, General Rosecrans bore his charmed life and ubiquitous presence. The noble Garesche was killed by his side, and his aids, Lieutenant Kirby severely, and Lieutenant Porter slightly, wounded. Sergeant Richmond and four privates of his escort were also killed or wounded, the former mortally. Much the heaviest loss sustained to-day fell upon our regular battalions, brigaded under command of Lieutenant Colonel C. S. Shepherd, in holding the cedar brake, on the right of the centre, against the columns of the enemy sweeping down upon them after having forced back our entire right wing. This loss amounted to 561 killed and wounded, more than one third of their numbers; in fact, I might probably better say, nearly one-half. Our casualties in killed and wounded did not fall short of 4,000 men, including about 1,500 of the right wing, 1,200 of whom, wounded, fell into the hands of the enemy. The ambulance corps, though temporarily organized, worked admirably. As soon as the fire of the enemy slacked at any point along our lines, and became only desultory, the ambulances dashed in at a brisk trot, and snatched our wounded from their picket lines. In justice, I should add, the enemy did not fire on these brave men when they knew their humane mission-friend and foe, no longer combatants, being equally the objects of their care. In the early part of the day Dr. Weeds, assistant medical director, went to the rear to take charge of the property pertaining to the field hospitals, and placed it in proper position. About 10 o'clock Surgeon McDermot, medical director of the right wing, reported to me that his hospitals and wounded, hospital supplies and medical officers had fallen into the hands of the enemy, and asked for instructions. I directed him to a cedar brake on the left of the road, half a mile to the rear, where I instructed him to make a temporary field hospital, constructing the shed, roof, and beds for the wounded from cedar boughs, to make his requisition on Dr. Weeds for supplies, and report to me when he could receive the wounded. Visiting this place an hour later I found it untenable, or, at least, unsafe, on account of round shot and shell from the enemy

Page  28 28 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. occasionally falling upon it. I then directed Surgeon McDermot to find suitable buildings on the pike to the rear. It became necessary, in order to accommodate so many wounded, to make use of tents, and my field hospital having arrived, I was enabled to afford comfortable shelter for all. In the mean time my attention was drawn to a large number of wagons, ambulances, caissons, &c., moving from different points to the river, more to the left. I soon learned they had come in disorder from the right, and were looking for safety over an uneven, rocky ford on the opposite river bank. This Babel-like confusion was somewhat augmented by the approach of the enemy, who now charged upon this flank. They were, however, driven back before much property had been destroyed. I had succeeded in drawing out many of the ambulances before crossing the ford. Three were reported to me as having been taken by the enemy and burned; the remainder subsequently did good service. During the day the enemy's cavalry made a descent upon our hospitals at the Nashville pike; but, beyond some confusion and embarrassment, they did little harm. Our own cavalry, commanded by Captain Otis, speedily drove them away, and recaptured all we had lost. During the night I visited the hospitals within our lines along the pike and off of it, to the rear, and was gratified to find the wounded well provided and attended. At daylight surgeons, nurses, and attendants were busily engaged in the labor they had begun the morning before. As the fighting on the 1st of January was confined to brisk skirmishing, and but few casualties resulting therefrom, we were able to complete our organization, and finish the heavy work so suddenly thrown upon our hands the day before. Many of the slightly wounded, and those who were able to ride in empty wagons, and walk, I ordered to Nashville, 25 miles to the rear. After a brisk engagement the following morning, without any marked results, the day passed much as the preceding, till 5 o'clock, when the enemy came down with an overwhelming force upon our left flank, driving, for a while, everything before him. But emerging from the heavy timber upon the open ground, he was met by terrific volleys of grape, round shot, and shell from 52 pieces of artillery, placed in position by Captain Mendenhall, on the opposite river bank. The enemy faltered, they fell back, and soon this living mass was in full retreat. Our loss, not exceeding 500 men, was comparatively small, his being estimated at nearly three times that number. Then, as on other occasions, the ambulance corps behaved well. It was dark when the battle ceased, but while occasionally only shot fell from the baffled foe, our wounded were on the road, and less than an hour later they were all comfortably provided for in the rear. Lieutenant ---, who had charge of this branch of the medical service, deserves favorable mention for his zeal and industry; for though he could not share, from indisposition, the more bold and daring occupation of his brave comrades, he contributed much to the comfort of the wounded. Saturday morning found our army bivouacked in mud, drenched with rain, without shelter, and almost without food, but still hopeful and cheerful. None were sick-few complaining. Our heavy lines of pickets on all sides were all day engaged, and at night General Rosecrans's division stormed their rifle-pits in front, carried them, and held them. Our loss in this affair and throughout the day was not large. This proved to be our last encounter with the enemy. On the following day we were engaged in the mournful task of burying our lamented dead. I visited the hospitals on the Wilkinson pike and neighborhood; now again within our lines, and found the wounded generally well cared for. Surgeon Marks and other medical officers, as also the attendants, left in these hospitals by direction of Surgeon McDermot, medical director of the left wing, I am happy to state, with but few exceptions, did their duty faithfully and well.

Page  29 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 29 Their labors were great and harassing, and not unattended with danger. On the 31st, when the ground was fiercely contested, and only yielded to an overwhelming force, some buildings were pierced by round shot and musketry, wounding attendants in the earnest discharge of their duty. During the battle of Wednesday, a portion of Negley's division of the centre fell into the hands of the enemy. These have been reported to me as having received the same care and attention as their own wounded by the medical officers of their army. In fact, they have said to me they had been " well treated," and "had no reason to complain." Surgeons Bogue, Johnson, Bretsford, and Wright are highly commended for their gallantry in maintaining their position with their wounded comrades when the hospitals of this portion of the army came within the enemy's lines. In strong contrast with these and many other devoted and self-sacrificing men, it becomes my painful duty to say that V. D. Miller, assistant surgeon 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, is reported to me by the medical director of his corps as having "basely deserted his post." Surgeon Phelps, medical director of the left wing, is entitled to the highest praise for his zeal and untiring industry in the establishment of the largest field hospital in the rear, for professional skill, and devoted attention to the wants of the wounded. Surgeon Blair also deserves credit for the comfortable provision made for those intrusted to his care, in tents, and shelters made of tent flags. The wounded here, as elsewhere, under canvas did well, and most clearly established, in the opinion of all, the advantages derived from free ventilation thus afforded over hospitals in ordinary dwellings of wood or brick, notwithstanding a liberal provision of windows and doors. I am gratified to say my conservative views were generally adopted, and that amputations were seldom performed without consultation. Many excisions were made, which are doing well, and some cases were treated as compound fractures with marked success. Surgeon Muscroft, medical director of General Rousseau's division, established a hospital in the rear, and accommodated comfortably a large number of wounded. Many of the serious cases are in an advanced stage of recovery. His zeal, skill, and industry are commendable. Also Surgeon James, medical director of the cavalry division, and Cumfort, of the Anderson Troop, did faithful service. Assistant Surgeon Taylor has been assiduous in his attentions to sick and wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Northcote, unable longer to bear the fatigue and exposure incident to duty in the lines, on account of ill health, aided me greatly in organizing parties of stragglers, with whom he policed camps and procured wood, water, and straw. Captain Monger, with his company, was detailed to guard property and enforce discipline in and about the field hospitals; and Captain Stackpole, to provide and issue subsistence stores as required. These gentlemen did their duties well, and gave universal satisfaction. The duties of these officers, like those of the medical department, though not of the brilliant nature of their more fortunate comrades in front, were essential to the comfort of the brave wounded, and deserve well of their commanding general and country. I must crave your indulgence for again mentioning the ambulance corps. The service performed was highly creditable. The drivers and assistants, among the former of whom I desire to mention F. M. Figett, private, company M, 21st Kentucky volunteers, were kind, prompt, and zealous in the discharge of their duty. This service was often necessarily continued into the night, and near the enemy's lines. Yet these brave men, unarmed, untiring, and unflinching, in the face of danger, gathered their bleeding comrades from under the guns of the enemy, and bore them to the rear. My orderly, Private Bassett, 4th United States cavalry, deserves creditable

Page  30 30 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. mention for his unceasing devotion to duty, and the prompt manner in which he conveyed my directions on the field. My clerk, William Dorner, private in the Anderson Troop, who, I am gratified to know, has been highly recommended for a commission, also served faithfully and assiduously at the hospitals in the rear. The commissary and quartermaster's departments are entitled to our thanks for timely and efficient aid in furnishing supplies and transportation, and in the preparation of hospitals for the reception of sick and wounded here and at Nashville. My thanks are also due to my assistants, Doctor Weeds and Surgeon Phelps, whom I have previously mentioned, for their prompt and efficient cooperation, and for valuable suggestions conducive to the comfort and best treatment of the wounded; to Surgeon Thurston, assistant medical director at Nashville, also, for his zeal, energy, and rare professional abilities displayed in providing for the wounded sent him from the battle-field. Surgeons McDermot and Bebe were untiring in their labors, and afforded me valuable aid. Their observations on treatment of wounded, etc., as shown in their report herewith appended, should receive attention. From the difficulty of individualizing, where so many are distinguished, I have mentioned but few officers as deserving of commendation for faithful and conscientious attention to duty. I am sorry to say, however, that there are those whose conduct has been bad, whose names at an early day will be forwarded to the commanding general for his action. Among these are two officers, who left the field to look for hospitals beyond Stewart's creek, and did not soon return. Reported to me by Colonel Burke, 10th Ohio volunteers. Under the present standard of professional ability among subordinate medical officers, too much stress cannot, in my opinion, be laid upon the importance of securing supervisory talent of the highest order. The rank now common to corps, (medical directors,) is most inadequate to the responsibility, extent of authority, and respect attaching to such a position; while the pay and emoluments pertaining thereto are a poor inducement to skilful practitioners to abandon a lucrative practice at home for the drudgery, exposure, and, at best, brief honors of service with troops in the field. While the medical officers now acting in this capacity are comparatively the best fitted therefor among those open to selection, I am of opinion that the standard of professional administrative capacity of such officers should be elevated, and that increase of rank, (it may be local,) of pay and emoluments to medical directors, will insure the availability to the department of a much higher order of talent than is at present accessible. It appears to me that the liberality of the government and the people, which grants such liberal donations of money and supplies for sanitary purposes, might be most advantageously applied to securing more valuable personal attentions to the objects of these laudable efforts. I append hereto a complete return of the killed and wounded of the various subdivisions of the army, with a tabular statement of the location and nature of the wounds. Very respectfully, EBEN SWIFT, Surgeon, U. S. A., Medical Director, Department of the Cumberland.

Page  31 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 31 Tabular statement showing the location of 3,102 wounds received in the army of the Cumberland during the late battle of Stone river. Head and face... 282 Hand......... 245 Thigh......... 432 Breast......... 134 Neck.......... 59 Leg........... 626 Shoulder....... 259 Back.......... 57 Knee.......... 94 Arm........... 347 Abdomen....... 52 Ankle........ 45 Forearm........ 21 Groin.......... 11 Foot........... 141 Elbow......... 16 Hip........... 159 Waist.......... 22 Side........... 100 The remaining wounds are unknown or too slight in their nature to be mentioned. EBEN SWIFT, Surgeon U. S. Army, Medical Director. General summary of casualties during the battle of Stone river. KILLED. WOUNDED. Corps and detachments. Total. Officers. Enlisted Officers. Enlisted men. men. Right wing............. 30 573 100 2, 481 3,184 Centre.................. 16 308 94 1,619 2, 037 Left wing............ 42 527 180 2, 663 3, 412 Staff and escort of general commanding........... 1 3 2 3 9 Fourth U. S. cavalry.......... 3 1 8 12 Chicago Board of Trade battery........................... 3 1 5 9 Pioneer brigade................. 7 3 21 31 Cavalry division.......... 3 17 3 61 84 Total............ 92 1, 441 384 6,861 8,778 List of casualties during the battle of Stone river.-Detachments. Lieutenant Colonel Julius P. Garesche, assistant adjutant general and chief of staff-killed December 31, 1862. Killed.-Sergeant James B. Richmond, company K, 4th United States cavalry, on escort duty; Private Daniel McDonald, company D, 4th United States cavalry, on escort duty; Private E. W. Grubb, Andersbn Troop, on escort duty, December 31; Private C. P. Cole, company L, 4th United States cavalry; Private John Stagg, Board of Trade battery; Private -- Wiley, Board of Trade battery; Private - Finney, Board of Trade battery. WVounded.-Captain Eli Long, company K, 4th United States cavalry, arm; Second Lieutenant Byron Kirby, 6th United States infantry, aide-de-camp on staff of general commanding, severely; Lieutenant Porter, aide-de-camp on staff of general commanding, slightly; Lieutenant T. D. Griffin and Sergeant - Adams, Board of Trade battery; Private Patrick Kern, company B, 4th United States cavalry; Private Charles Smith, company B, 4th United States

Page  32 32 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. cavalry; Private William Dalton, company C, 4th United States cavalry; Private George Deiter, company D, 4th United States cavalry; - Stuckler, farrier, 4th United States cavalry;. Private Joseph Kohler, company G, 4th United States cavalry; Private Samuel Tate, company I, 4th United States cavalry; Private William Ellis, company K, 4th United States cavalry; Private A. Jennett, company L, 4th United States cavalry; Private Jackson Howard, Board of Trade battery; Private James Bloom, Board of Trade battery; Private - Canberry, Board of Trade battery; Private — Carver, Board of Trade battery. Summary. Killed.............. 7 Wounded.................................................. 18 Total.................................................. 25 First brigade,first division of cavalry. Colonel Minor Milkins, 1st Ohio cavalry, killed; Major A. B. More, 1st Ohio cavalry, killed; Adjutant W. H. Scott, 1st Ohio cavalry, severely wounded. Killed.-Lieutenant T. L. Condid, company L, 1st Ohio cavalry; Corporal N. Poland, company D, 1st Ohio cavalry; Corporal C. E. Aldrive, company N, 4th Ohio cavalry; Corporal M. R. Tiffin, 3d Ohio cavalry; Corporal Jacob Henry, 3d Ohio cavalry; Privates John Wessel, company E, 3d Kentucky cavalry; James Galispie, company A, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry; Henry Fry, company I, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry; Orlando Hawly, company I, 4th Michigan cavalry; F. Senteim, company L, 1st Ohio cavalry; George McConnell, company A, 4th Ohio cavalry; Marias Ecke, company B, 4th Ohio cavalry; Allen McComp, company I, 4th Ohio cavalry; John Hersh, company N, 4th Ohio cavalry; James Walker, 3d Ohio cavalry; Byron Staunton, 3d Ohio cavalry; Henry Winslow, 3d Ohio cavalry; S. C. Chapin, 3d Ohio cavalry. Wounded.-Captain -- Wertham, company C, 1st Tennessee cavalry, slightly; Lieutenant T. V. Mitchell, company H, 4th Michigan cavalry, severely; Sergeant John Castillo, company H, 3d Kentucky cavalry, severely; Sergeant Charles T. Trago, company B, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, severely; Sergeant A. J. Kingsley, company C, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry; Sergeant - Sutton, company B, 4th Michigan cavalry, severely; Sergeant - Lowland, company K, 4th Michigan cavalry, severely; Sergeant -- Palmer, company K, 4th Michigan cavalry, severely; Sergeant John Queal, company G, 1st Ohio cavalry, severely; Sergeant Henry Long, company G, 1st Ohio cavalry, slightly; Sergeant John C. Cooper, company B, 1st Ohio cavalry, slightly; Sergeant J. W. Ward, 3d Ohio cavalry; Sergeant Thomas Hanfimer, 3d Ohio cavalry; Corporal V- oght, company B, 4th Michigan cavalry, severely; Corporal - Moore, company K, 4th Michigan cavalry, severely; Corporal Charles Lentherby, company B, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Corporal I. Krona, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Corporal Em. Cooper, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Corporal Alver Moris, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Corporal W. E. Rextor, company E, 1st Ohio cavalry, slightly; Bugler John Decker, company M, 3d Kentucky cavalry, severely; Privates Philip Peters, company H, 3d Kentucky cavalry, severely; Charles Spitunagle, company C, 3d Kentucky cavalry, severely; Robert More, company M, 3d Kentucky cavalry, severely; Edwin Cranmer, company B, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, severely; M. Gilded, company F, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, slightly; John Patridge, company I, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, slightly; Samuel Kraver, company I, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, slightly; Henry Baker, company K, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, slightly; William Maddan, company K, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry, slightly; - Narns, company D, 4th Michigan cavalry, slightly; -- Pendergrast, company B, 1st Tennessee cavalry,

Page  33 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 33 severely; A. Mutlerborough, 3d Ohio cavalry; Perry Duval, 3d Ohio cavalry; Daniel Ryretz, 3d Ohio cavalry; Jos. Bundaugh, 3d Ohio cavalry; William Bacon, 3d Ohio cavalry; Chas. Lentherly, company B, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; George Tealdecamp, company C, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Charles Dubur, company D, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; E. J. Harn, company G, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; W. A. B. Young, company H, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Henry Hess, company H, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; John Hamilton, company I, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Edward Duncan, company I, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; M. Heis, company K, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Rorenzo E. Wilber, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Benjamin Brown, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Calvin Floyd, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Frederick C. LeCount, company L, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; Hugh Duffy, company M, 4th Ohio cavalry, severely; J. Hardy, company G, 1st Ohio cavalry, severely; J. Harris, company H, 1st Ohio cavalry, severely; Thomas Dunann, company F, 1st Ohio cavalry, severely; James Parker, company F, 1st Ohio cavalry, severely; William Lewis, company G, 1st Ohio cavalry, slightly; Lewis Holland, company B, 1st Ohio cavalry, slightly; John Lambert, company H, 1st Ohio cavalry, slightly; A. W. Little, 3d Ohio cavalry; D. Hawley, 3d Ohio cavalry; John Britton, 3d Ohio cavalry; Albert Parry, 3d Ohio cavalry; W. Englebreadt, 3d Ohio cavalry; James R. Conley, company A, 4th Ohio cavalry. Summary. Killed......................................................... 20 W ounded.................................................... 64 T otal.................................................... 84 A list of the casualties of the Pioneer Brigade, department of the Cumberland, from December 29, 1862, to the 5th of January, 1863, inclusive. Acting Colonel Lyman Bridges, 1st battalion, wounded in the leg; Lieutenant Colonel E. B. Dodd, 1st battalion, wounded in the leg and foot. Killed.-Corporal James Brown, company B, 1st battalion; Privates Horace C. Cooper, 1st battalion; George Bowmaster, company E, 2d battalion; Amos Hake, company I, 3d battalion; William Trimble, company C, 3d battalion; Peter Wagoner, company C; J. A. Head, company F, 3d battalion. Wounded.-Lieutenant John Richel, 1st battalion; Sergeant Amos Wilson, company K, 2d battalion; Sergeant W. E. Mason, company F, 3d battalion; Privates Thomas Lane, 1st battalion; Adam Ritzel, company F, 1st battalion; Levi Beam, company C, 1st battalion; John Van Acre, company C, 1st battalion; Henry Borham, company R, 1st battalion; B. Greenleaf, company G, 1st battalion; J. A. Reed, company D, 2d battalion; William Ferguson, company H, 2d battalion; David Smith, company H, 2d battalion; C. Calier, company C, 2d battalion; T. A. Scott, company F, 3d battalion; John Dirk, company A, 3d battalion; C. Pelson, company A, 3d battalion; Benjamin Wagoner, company C, 3d battalion; Charles Dregg, company C, 3d battalion; B. N. Blankenship, company H, 3d battalion; Timothy Gorfert, company F, 3d battalion. Missing.-Private Amos Reed, company C, 3d battalion. Summary. Killed...................................................... 7 W ounded............................................... 22 Missing....................................................- 1 Total.................................................... 30 Ex. Doc. 2 3

Page  34 34 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Statement of the killed and wounded of the 20th corps, army of the Cumberland, in the battle before Murfreesboro'. Officers. Non-commis- Privates Total. sioned officers. Commands. _ 5.A. = i I ~ ^ i I I b FIRST DIVISION. First brigade. 22d Indiana....-. 5. 8 7 26 7 39 46 59th Illinois —-- --- --—..-.. 3 5 4 38 7 43 50 74th Illinois.. — -....- 4 8 4 25 8 33 41 75th Illinois.... —-...... 2 - 4 2 16 2 22 24 Second brigade. 21st Illinois --- -. 2 4 5 25 40 169 47 198 245 38th Illinois -—. - 2 5 10 17 22 88 34 110 144101st Ohio. 1 4 2 14 15 107 18 125 143 15th Wisconsin.,. 2 3 2 13 11 56 15 72 87 Third brigade. 25th Illinois-.. —- 1 3 4 13 11 63 16 79 95 35th Illinois -. -. 1 1 1 11 9 41 11 53 64 81st Indiana.-, — - 2 1 3 12 1 35 6 48 54 5th Wisconsin battery.. --.. -- 1 4 1 7 8 8th Wisconsin battery.. 1 --—.. —- 4 1 4 5 SECOND DIVISION. First brigade. 49th Ohio. —-—. 2 7 4 9 10 80 16 96 112 39th Indiana -......... 2 1 14 29 93 30 109 139 32d Indiana --—...... 10 12 31 12 41 53 15th Ohio ----—.. - --... 4 1 3 16 89 17 96 113 89th Illinois —-...-... 1 -—. 1 3 8 4 10 45 55 Second brigade. 77th Pennsylvania - - - 2. 5 4 22 4 29 33 29th Indiana........ 1 1. —--. 3 21 4 22 26 30th Indiana ---- 1 2 5 23 23 75 29 100 129 79th Illinris- ---- 1 3 2 12 16 65 19 80 99 34th Illinois —-—. —. 1 2 5 35 12 63 18 100 118 Third brigade 6th Indiana.... —-. i 1 3 5 12 46 15 52 67 lst Ohio ---------- -. 1... 1 7 7 30 8 38 46 93d Ohio..... 4 6 8 31 12 41 53 5th Kentucky — ---- 1 5 7 14 10 61 18 80 98 1st Ohio vol. artillery................ 1 4 1 5 6 5th Indiana battery.,-.. i1 1 4 2 13 3 18 21

Page  35 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 35 Statement of killed and wounded, 20th army corps, 4c.-Continued. Officers. Non-cornmis- Privates. Total. sioned officers. Commands. Q7 ) 0. 0.. THILD DIVISION. First brigade 88th Illinois-.. —. —-- 1 3 5 7 10 44 16 54 70 36th Illinois. -.-. —-- 1 19 3 23 44 140 48 182 230 24th Wisconsin...... 1. ——. 1 8 17 50 19 58 77 21st Michigan -...-.-, —. 4 5 14 13 66 18 84 102 Second brigade. 2d Missouri......... 1.. 7 1 15 2 22 24 15th Missouri. ——.... 3 4 1 3 10 37 14 44 58 44th Illinois. -. —- 1 4 1 11 4 29 6 34 40 73d Illinois. -- - -- 1 5 2 4 19 43 22 52 74 Third brigade. 22d Illinois. —-. —- - -----. 3 5 11 24 83 29 97 126 27th Illinois. —-. -. 2 1 10 8 43 9 55 64 42d Illinois —---- - 4 —. —. 5 20 16 98 25 118 143 51st Illinois ---------- 1 4 4 4 2 46 7 54 61 4th Indiana battery —. — ----- 1 2 4 17 5 19 24 1st Illinois artillery. - 1 1 4 4 15 5 20 25

Page  36 36 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Statement of the killed and wounded of the 14th army corps, army of the Cumberland, during the battle of Stone river. Officers. Non-commis- Privates. Total. sioned officers. Commands. - - _. I. I. k. I t0 a ld^ QT1S ^ a FIRST DIVISION. First brigade. 33d Ohio ---------- -. ----- -,- ---- - 4 2 17 2 21 23 94th Ohio ----—.. —----—. 2. —--- 7 2 15 2 24 26 2d Ohio —. —----—..- 1 4 2 7 5 22 8 33 41 10th Wisconsin --.....-..-.- -—. —.. —. 3 15 3 15 18 38th Indiana -,. —.- 1 2 3 19 10 65 14 86 100 Second brigade. 15th Kentucky. ——. 2 1 1 4 5 24.8 29 37 88th Indiana ------—.. —--- 3 2 11 6 34 8 48 56 3d Ohio -------—. ——.... — 1 4 13 13 53 17 67 84 42d Indiana -... —--—..... 6 3 13 14 68 17 87 104 Third brigade. 1st Wisconsin.' — 1 4 --- 3 - 8 8 21st Wisconsin. —- -—.. I --—. 1 —---- 1 ------ 2 2 2d Kentucky cavalry....... —--. 2 —. 2 --—. 4 4 79th Pennsylvania ------.. —.-. —- 3 2 5 2 8 10 24th Illinois.- -... —.,;. ------—.. 4 -- 4 4 Fourth brigade. 15th U. S. infantry —.. 1 4 1 13 9 54 11 71 82 16th U. S. infantry —...... 7 1 22 15 104 16 133 149 18th U. S. infantry —.. 2 11 10 32 43 173 55 216 271 19th U. S. infantry.... 1 1...... 11 6 35 7 47 54 Battery H, 5th U. S. art., —---—. — —. —. 1 -—. 4.. 5 5 SECOND DIVISION. Second brigade. 18th Ohio —-. 1 8 8 21 17 86 26 115 141 19th Illinois -.. —- -- 1 7 4 21 9 55 14 83 97 llth Michigan. --- 2 6 5 12 23 66 30 84 114 69th Ohio. —-—, 1 6 3 15 1 32 5 53 58 Third brigade. 21st Ohio.. ——. —-- 1 4 7 14 16 85 24 103 127 74th Ohio ---- —. —- 5 4 21 5 66 9 92 101 37th Indiana. —---- - 2 5 4 27 19 74 25 106 131 78th Pennsylvania. —- 5 3 19 13 103 16 125 141 First brigade. 1st East Tennessee......... -..-.... 2 -... 9. —. 11 11 2d East Tennessee.-. —-- 1. 1. -- 3.. —-. 5 5 Bat. G, 1st Ohio vol. art.- —. —-- - 1 2 2 7 3 9 12 Bat. M, lstOhio vol. art. I 1.. 1 1 2 Bat. M, 1st Kentucky -... —- 1 -—. -.. —--- 1 2 1 3 4

Page  37 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 37 Statement of killed and wounded, 21st army corps, (left wing,) battle of Stone river. Officers. Non-commiis- Privates. Total. sioned officers. Commands. 3d Kentuck.. 57 13 107 [1-0th Indiana battery -- --- - - 1 4 1 5 6 57th Indiana.............._. 6 -. 12 1 0 61 71 40th Indiana.............. 5 -- - 6 4 4 4 52 56 9th Ohio...3 2 2 20 FJR5T DIVISION. First brigade. 26th Ohio............ 1 2 4 15 4 68 9 85 94 58th Indiana1. 5 2 27 63 15 95 110 3d Kentuckyh Ohio.......... 9 11 8 22 4 57 13 131 107 73d100th Illinoisana........... 2... 6 1 8 252 30 10th Indiana battery...... —--- ---- --- 1 1 4 1 05 6 Second brigade. 57th Indiana........... 12 103 8 4 10 61 71 40th Indiana-..... 2 4 1 —- 6 4 41 4 52 56 15th Indiana. -. —.... 1 6 6 21 32 108 39 135 174 97th Ohio.. —............ 5 3 2 15 2 4 8 20 8th Indiana batteryaO..,t ----— O - I. 1. —- 8 8 Third brigade. 51st Indianao volunteers.. 2 2 3 3 3 231 5 36 41 64th OhioKentucky........ 1 3 5 6 18 46 24 55 79 13th Michigan........... 1 13 16 53 22 67 89 65th Ohiois.........-2 9 6 8 2-4 114 3 11 27 163 73d Indiana-... —.~... 2 2.-. —......... 18 50 20 52 82 6th Ohio battery....-..-. —-. 1 3 6 10 10 SECOND DIVISION. Third brigade. 1st Kentuckyd - _.........2 1 3 8 11 42 14 53 67 2d Kentuckyeersio. vl.-t-e 3 5 15 23 8 28 36 31st Indiana -............- 2 4 16 1 28 5 46 51 90th Ohio.... -...... 4 5 3 4 13 61 16 70 86 Bat. F, 1st Ohio vol. art. - --- 1...- -. —-^ 2 12 2 | 13 15 Second brigade. 46st Ohio volunteers..[ 2 6 3 15 12 78 17 99 116 2th Kentucky-........ 2 9 9 58 11.71 82 9th Indiana...-.. 1 4 5 17 5 72 11 93 104 110th Illinois- - 1 3 ---- 3 26 21 7 27 34 Third brigade. 36th Indiana.. —... —. 2 6 i 6 24 9 53 17 82 99 24th Ohio volunteers -- 4 4 5 7 3 50 12 61 73 6th Ohio volunteers -- 2 4 5 20 8 80 15 104 119 23d Kentucky-...-..-. —--- 2 4 13 3 35 7 50 57 84th Illinois - 1 6 10 23 20 96 31 125 156 Bat. B, 1st Ohio vol. art —....... —. 3 6 5 6 11

Page  38 38 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Statement of killed and wounded, 21st army corps, 4cr.-Continued. Officers. Non-commis- Privates. Total. sioned officers. Commands. 0Z,; 0 0 2 _ HI=_ ___ I _ THIRD DIVISION. First brigade. 9th Kentucky.....- 4 12 3 6 12 65 19 83 102 11th Kentucky......... 4 1 20 6 61 7 85 92 19th Ohio......... 4 2 6 28 12 99 22 129 151 79th Indiana1 6 ---- 2 5 43 6 51 57 26th Pennsylvania bat —..... 1 2 6 2 7 9 Second brigade. 44th Indiana...,.. 1 3 X 4 7 45 8 52 60 13th Ohio.......... 2 4 4 13 16 51 22 65 87 86th Indiana.......... 1 4 4 6 19 57 24 67 91 59th Ohio......... 3 1 6 3 29 4 38 42 3d Wisconsin battery —.......-.1... 1.... 1 3 4 Third brigade 51st Ohio-....... —. 5 5 1 24 19 100 24 129 153 35th Indiana... —. —--- 7 9 10 17 43 26 60 86 8th Kentucky........ 1 9 1 14 7 42 9 65 74 21st Kentucky 1....... 1 i 5 4 3 6 12 18 7th Indiana battery. -... 1 4 5 4 7 11 15 164 35 141 133 652 184 853 1,037 5-.REPORT OF CAPTAIN WILES, PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Office Provost Marshal General, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, February 9, 1863. GENERAL: I have the honor herewith to forward a complete report of confederate prisoners captured by the army under your command at the late battle of Stone river, showing the number of regiments and other organizations represented, the number of the same from each State, the number of officers and enlisted men captured from each regiment or organization, the entire number of officers and enlisted men captured, and to what arm of the service they belong. The total number of prisoners captured is shown to be three thousand six hundred and ninety-four. Taking into account the number and character of the organization, and using the lowest possible estimate of the strength of each, it can be shown, beyond controversy, that the enemy's force exceeded our own by at least one-third. Complete reports of the number captured by the enemy from our own forces

Page  39 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 39 have not yet been received. From the best information received up to the present time the number will not exceed twenty-eight hundred, and in all probability the estimate is too large. I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM M. WILES, Captain and Provost 3Marshal General. Major General W. S. ROSECRANS, Commanding Department of the Cumberland. OFFICE PRovosT MARSHAL GENERAL, DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, February 9, 1863. The following is a complete report of confederate prisoners captured by the army under command of Major General W. S. Rosecrans, at the battle of Stone river, January 3, 1863, showing the number of regiments and other organizations represented, the number from each State, the number of officers and enlisted men captured from each regiment or organization, the entire number of officers and enlisted men captured, and to what arm of the service they belong: Confederate officers and enlisted men captured.... J ~ Q Regiment. * a E _ o_ _ Alabama regiments, (infantry) -.. -....... —- 1. 22 4 1 1. 29....... 14 ----- 1 16 2 36. —. —-- 19 1 22...... 22 1 10 --- 23 ---- 2 —.. 24..... 34 25 1 16 26...... 14 28 1 30 --- 32 2 79 33. —..- 22. 34 1 10 37 1 39 2 14..-. 41 1 93 --- 44 -.. —-. 1 1 45. —-,- 18 51. —.. —. 10 Total.................................. 23 14 442 456

Page  40 40 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Confederate officers and enlisted men captured-Continued. Ia[.... Regiments. 5b i S ]. 3 _ _ 30........0 _ Arkansas regiments, (infantry) -------------- 1 5 502.2 3 63 3 1 3 --- 4 1 30 5 2 33.... 6 3 30 ----—.. 7 6.. — 6........ 8 4 29... 13. —----- 3 --... 15 1 8 -—..... 19 1 ------- 30 2 22. ------- Total —------ ---------------------- 12 22 278 300 Confederate States, (infantry)-.. —- - -—. — 13 ---- 4 -- ---- 1. —----- 5 2 18 8 8 75 Total --------------. —----------- --- 5 10 153 163 South Carolina, (infantry) -. —. —---- 10 1 19 --- 19 ---- -13 ------ Total.-...........-.......-..3..... 2 1 32 33 Florida regiments, (infantry) -..-... —--... & 3 4 69. 4 3 99 ----- 6. —-.-. 1 -- 9 -—. ----- Total. —. —--- --------—. —-—.- ---- 4 7 170 177 Georgia regiments, (infantry). —-. - -. —- -4 — 1 4 2 1 2... 5 o —----- 10 -- 43 --------- Total. —. —- ------- -------.. ------ 4 1 17 18 North Carolina regiments, (infantry) --..- - 16 16 --—. 11 25, —--— 10 - 29. —---- 15 39 1 13 - 60 2 45 Total... —----—,- ------- 5 3 94 97

Page  41 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 41 Confederate offcers and enlisted men captured-Continued. 0 - Kentucky regiments, (infantry)........ —- 2 1 54 4 4 42 ----- 6 2 32 - - - 8 - - - 2 2.9. 2- 23 13 I - - - Total ------- 6 9 154 163 Texas regiments, (infantry) -. -...1-... 1 1...... 8 1 10 -.. —--- 19 -------- Ti -. —...- -.. 154 163 —14.18.. —------ 15....11. —-—. 19 ------ 1...-.26.. ——.Total ----------------------— 1 — - -— 1 96 97 —-. Tennessee regiments, (infantry)... -----....1 1 34.. —2 ------ 19 -------- 3. —------- 26 ---- 5 - - 22....6 1 27 -------- 8 7 47 - 9 16 11 4 53 ------ 12 3 38 - -- 13.. 38 ----- 15 16 16 3 44 17 5 44. 18 1 32 -- 19 --- 27 ------ 20 -— 24 23 -45 ----- 24 ----- 16 ----- 25 1 38 26 2 35 ----- 27 -- 4 - 28 3 24 --- 29 1 27...... 30 --— 40 --- 31 -------- 9 32 1 4 -- 33 1 17 -----—. 37 1 12 ---- 38 22 39 4.. —.

Page  42 42 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Confederate officers and enlisted men captured-Continued. S C - Regiments. | | o Tennessee regiments, (infantry) —Coutinued. 41. —.. 4. —44 3 54. ——. 45 4 49.47 1 27.. —-- 50 1 4 51 — 16 ------- 80 1 2 --- 134 2 16 --- Total-. —------ -------------------- 39 48 984 1,032 Louisiana regiments, (infantry) —- --.... —-.- -. 1 1 46 ---- 11 3 ------- 13&20 9 239 ---- 16&25 2 119 40 1 - -- Total. --- - ---- -------- 5 12 408 420 Mississippi regiments, (infantry) 3.,., ------- 5 -------- 9- 9 57 9115 -------- 7 1 - 15 8 1 28. 9 3 28 10 -.. - 27 --- 12 1. ------—. 13... 1.... —------ 17 -.. —. 1 —21 1... 24 1 33 ---- 20 1 ---- 27 2 12. 29 2 23 ---- 30 4 62 ---- 32. 1 ---- 37. 2.... 2 - 41 — 30 ------- 45 5 89'lotal.. —-.. —---. ——. ---- ---—. 19 19 365 384

Page  43 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 43 Various infantry organizations. Name. State. Officers cap- Enlisted men tured. captured Tennessee Sharpshooters................................. Tennesee.............. 2 Bluff City 2 Blythe's Mississippi Sharpshooters...................... Mississippi........ 25 Mississippi 4 Captain Cox's signal corps.......................................... 1 Cox's Sharpshooters.......................................... 3 Georgia Sharpshooters.......,............... Georgia............. 3 Chalmer's Sharpshooters..................... 2 Austin's Sharpshooters................................................ 1 Hyde's company; Ross's regiment...................................................... Holleman's Regiment.................................................... Dake's regiment..................................................................... 1 12 organizations.............. 46 RECAPITULATION OF INFANTRY. State. INo. of regi- No. ofofficers Enlisted men ments repre- captured. captured. sented. Alabama................................................... 23 14 442 Arkansas............................................... 12 22 278 Confederate States...................................... 5 10 153, South Carolina........................................... 2 1 32 Florida................................................ 4 7 170 Georgia................................................... 4 1 17 North Carolina............................................ 5 3 94 Kentucky...................................... 6 9 154 Texas........................................................ 8 1 96 Tennessee............................................. 39 48 984 Louisiana....................................... 5 12 408 M ississippi............................................ 19 19 365 132 147 3,193 Various organizations............................... 12 2 48 Total infantry........................................ 144 149 3,239 State regiments. No. State. Officers Enlisted No. State. Officers Enlisted captured. men cap captured, men captured. tured. 1 Georgia............................ 1 1 Tennessee....................... 43 2 do............................. 12 2 4 3 Georgia battalion..4 4...1do...4................. 14 1 Confederate...................... 7 1 Alabama........................ 23 19 2. do........................... 5 4 3. do........................... 3 1 Arkansas...........4 2.. do.................. 1 1 4 Texas.................... 1 Kentucky... 5 19 2 10 4 5 5 29 Total........... 4 211 1

Page  44 44 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Cavalry-various organizatior s. Name. Officers Enlisted i Name. Officers Enlisted captured. men cap- captured. men captured. tured. Gilbert's Tennessee.................... 2 Morriz's battalion... 1 Wheeler's command................. I Aid to General Morgan........ 1 Burnett's Tennessee cavalry.. 2 Willard's legion............... McCann's Tennessee cavalry... Second mounted infantry....... 1 Tennessee battalion..........I Bford's body guard......... Douglas's Tennessee battalion........... 9 Tyffis's battalion............. 4 Durke's Kentucky cavalry........... 1 Rody's cavalry................ 1 Cox's Kentucky cavalry.............. 1 Buckin's cavalry.................. 1 Morgan's Kentucky cavalry............. 1 Woodward's cavalry................. 2 Howard's cavalry.................. 1 Hollman's cavalry................ 1 Breckinridge escort....................... Terry's Texas Rangers.................. 1 Wharton's escort... 5 Ashley's cavalry................... I Total................... 1 41 Artille-y. Name of battery. Officers Enlisted Name of battery. Officers Enlisted captured. men cap- captured, men captured. tured. Cobb's Kentucky.................... 4 Moser's................................ 4 First Kentucky.............1......... 1 Robinson's.......................... 1 Mark's Alabama......................... I Redman's.......................... Semple's Alabama............ 1 2 Phipps's.............................. 1 Calvert's Arkansas.................... 1 Scott's........................ 1 First Texas...................... 1 Sunden's..........1......... 1 Fourteenth Georgia............ 5 Walton's,.......................... 2 Jackson's Florida..:.................. 4 Darden's............................. Napier's................................. I tuben artillery........................ Burns's.................................. Washington (La.) artillery........... 3 W right's................................- 4 McTyres'...................... 1 Total.............. 2 47 Ketchum's........................ 6 RECAPITULATION. aen 0a, O-&., aArtillery............................ 3 47 49 ~a OP Z. a. Grand total.161 36 23 220 156 3,538 3,694 WM. M. WILES, Captain and Provost Marshal General.

Page  45 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 45 6. —REPORT OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL BURKE, TENTH OHIO VOLUNTEERS, CO(MMANDING HEADQUARTERS GUARD. HEADQUARTERS 10TH OHIO VOLUNTEERS, Murifeesboro', Tennessee, January 28, 1863. COLONEL: I beg leave to submit the following report of my command, while posted at Stewart's creek bridge, from the 31st December 1862, to the 22d of January 1863. I remained at Stewart's creek with eight companies of the regiment, in charge of headquarters train, after detaching two companies of my command, under Captain John E. Hudson, to accompany headquarters in the field. On the 31st December information reached me that the trains of the 28th brigade had been attacked and captured near Smyrna, at nine o'clock in the morning of that day; and at a later hour learning that the rebel cavalry were destroying it. I despatched a party to the scene, succeeded in saving eight wagons loaded with supplies. I had sufficient force to have saved this train entirely, but owing to the extreme negligence of the quartermaster in charge of the train, in not reporting the fact of capture to me at an early hour, the enemy were enabled to carry away and destroy a large portion of it. The force that attacked that train was very small, and I understand there was a guard with it, all of whom were paroled. We were threatened with attack at the bridge during the whole day. I had the large train corralled in close order, and by extreme vigilance prepared to resist any attack during the night. A large number of stragglers came back from the front, from an early hour of the day. I deployed a line of skirmishers across the country, from the pike to the railroad, with instructions to shoot down every straggler who attempted to force the line and marched into camp at night over 1,100 of these men. Regiments of stragglers were organized, officered by my own commissioned and non-commissioned officers, and put on duty. On January 1, 1863, I was re-enforced by four companies of the 4th Michigan cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel Dickinson, and a section of company D, 1st Ohio battery, under Lieutenant Newell. Rebel cavalry threatened the post during the day, and their advanced guard was twice repulsed by my pickets and reserve. Concluding not to attack, at Stewart's creek, this force consisting of Wheeler's, Wharton's, Buford's, John H. Morgan's and McCann's rebel cavalry, with too pieces of artillery, passed on toward Lavergne, where they attacked Colonel Innis, 1st Michigan engineers, at one o'clock. I apprised Colonel Innis of the movements of this force at an early hour. About one o'clock a squadron of affrighted negroes came charging at full gallop from Murfreesboro' towards Stewart's creek, and with such impetuosity and recklessness that over one hundred passed the bridge before I could check the progress of the main cavalcade. They were dismounted and some of them ducked by my men. This was the advance of what seemed to me to be the whole army, cavtry men with jaded horses, artillery and infantry soldiers, breathless and holding on to wagons, relating the most incredible defeats and annihilation of the army, and their respective regiments came streaming down the road and pouring through the woods on their way towards the bridge. In vain did my small guard stationed on the road try to check this panic. Officers drew their revolvers, but the fugitives heeded them not. My regiment was in line on the hill-side, and I promptly fixed bayonet, marched at double quick to the bridge and drew up a line before it, sending out, at the same time, two companies deployed as skirmishers, on the right and left,

Page  46 46 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. to prevent the passing of the creek by fording. The fugitives crowded in thousands and at one time pressed closely up to the bayonets of my men. I ordered the battalion to load, and determined to fire if the crowd did not move back; seeing which, many took flight back toward the front. At this critical moment I was rendered most valuable assistance by Lieutenant Runderhook, 4th United States cavalry, and his men, who were stationed at the bridge with their camp and train. To him I assigned the duty of getting the stragglers into line, and nobly did his men execute his orders. Riding through the panic-stricken crowds, the cavalry men drove them into a field, where a good line was formed and every straggler taken and made "dress up." When I had a regiment formed in this manner, I assigned it officers and marched it across the bridge, stacked arms and rested it. In this manner I secured over four thousand men. I must mention here the fact that the prominent movers in the panic, were the quartermasters in charge of trains. There was only one who behaved with anything like courage and coolness, the quartermaster of the Pioneer brigade. Later in the day I was notified by Colonel Innis that he was attacked fiercely by rebel cavalry; that a demand for surrender had been made twice, and asking to be re-enforced, I promptly despatched four companies of the 4th Michigan cavalry, and the section of artillery (Rodman guns) to his assistance, and ordered them to move up at a trot, holding my own forces ready to support them. After the lapse of two hours, during which the cannonading of Colonel Innis's stockade was kept up by the rebels, (hearing the report of each gun,) Mr. Reily, a citizen, made his escape through the rebel lines, bearing a despatch from Colonel Innis, requesting me to re-enforce him, and the astonishing information, that the troops I sent up under Lieutenant Colonel Dickinson were on their way back to me without having fired a shot, and that the rebels were burning the trains. I quickly decided to save the trains and leave the bridge to the protection of the regiments of stragglers, set out at a rapid pace for Lavergne with my own command. I met the section of artillery returning, as well as part of the cavalry, ordered them to fall in behind me, and sent a strong support of infantry to the guns. The scene on the road was indescribable. Teamsters had abandoned their wagons and came back mounted on their mules and horses; wagons were packed across the road and many capsized on the side of the pike; horses ran wild through the woods, and although men were allowed by me to pass as wagon guards, there were none at their posts. They had left the road and were bivouacing in small parties in the woods, evidently careless of the fate of the trains. The woods towards Lavergne were filled with small bodies of rebel cavalry, which were quickly dislodged by my skirmishers and driven off. I reached Colonel Innis, at Laverge, at seven o'clock, and assisted him in arranging the trains and forwarding them to Nashville. I detached four companies of my regiment, and Lieutenant Colonel Dickinson's command, and sent them back to Stewart's creek at daylight next morning, remaining myself at Lavergne, collecting supplies from the trains; gathering in cattle abandoned by our men, and sending them to the front, With the remaining portion of my command I joined the garrison at Stewart's creek, on the 7th of January, and immediately set to work putting it in a defensible condition, by erecting a stockade and throwing up a small redoubt to cover the bridge. I was relieved in command there by Lieutenant Colonel Carroll, commanding 10th Indiana volunteers, on the 22nd of January, and reported for duty at headquarters. In connexion with the disgraceful panic of the first of January, I would mention the names of the following officers: Lieutenant Gilbert, 2nd Tennessee

Page  47 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 47 cavalry, who had his horse hitched up to a wagon on the road, and who abandoned it with the teamsters, joining in the stampede. Lieutenant Newell, 21st Michigan, and the regimental quartermaster, 79th Pennsylvania, who abandoned the train of the 28th brigade, and although within my lines, never communicated the fact of capture, until it was too late to pursue the enemy. Out of a crowd of runaway teamsters, I took the names of four men who cut loose their mules from the wagons and left them to their fate: Henry W. Davis, 25th Illinois; Scott Cunningham, 25th Illinois; Henry Denney, 59th Ohio; Jacob Rohrer, 101st Ohio. A number of commissioned officers came back with the men, but on seeing the obstacles interposed to their passage, they returned voluntarily to the front. My officers and men performed their duty faithfully and strictly. I was rendered signal assistance by Lieutenant Runderbrock, 4th United States cavalry, and the non-commissioned officers and men of his command, as also Lieutenant Maple, Anderson troop, who with their commands were constantly on duty, reporting the movements of the enemy, and assisting in effectually checking the disgraceful and causeless panic. I would respectfully mention the name of Captain Perkins, assistant quartermaster, headquarters quartermaster, who evinced the utmost zeal and vigilance, and assisted most materially in the defence of the post and in restoring order amongst the trains. I have the honor to be, colonel, with great respect, your obedient servant, J. W. BURKE, Lieutenant Colonel, commanding 10th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Colonel C. GODDARD, Acting Adjutant General and Chief of Staff 7.-NAMES SPECIALLY MENTIONED FOR IMPORTANT SERVICES AND PARTICULAR ACTS, &c., IN OFFICIAL REPORTS. Brigadier Generals R. W. Johnson, P. H. Sheridan, and Jefferson C. Davis,. commanding divisions in the right wing, for gallant conduct during the battle, and for prompt support and conscientious attention to duty during their service with the right wing. Brigadier General D. S. Stanley, chief of cavalry, commanded advance of right wing during its advance from Nolansville, is specially mentioned for energy and skill. Brigadier General Hascall, commanding ] st brigade, deserves commendation and gratitude of his country. Brigadier General Cruft, 1st brigade, for holding an important position, and for extricating his command from the mass of confusion around him. Brigadier Generals I. J. Wood, H. P. Van Cleve, and John M. Palmer, specially mentioned for distinguished gallantry and the skill with which they handled their command. Generals Van Cleve and Wood were wounded, but remained with their commands until after the battle was over. Brigadier General J. S. Negley, specially mentioned for the courage and skill displayed in handling his command. Surgeon McDermott, medical director, staff of Major General McCook, for gallant conduct in the field and great care and consideration for the wounded. Surgeon G. D. Beebe, medical director, staff of Major General Thomas, for great zeal, energy, -and efficiency. Surgeon A. T. Phelps, medical director, on staff of Major General Crittenden,

Page  48 48 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. for prompt attention to the wounded, great energy and efficiency in discharge of his duties. Colonel Minty, commanding 4th Michigan cavalry, 1st brigade, deserves credit for the management of his command on the march and in the several engagements. Colonel Muny, 3d Kentucky cavalry, rendered important and distinguished service, gallantly charging and dispersing the enemy's cavalry in their attack on our train on Wednesday, 31st. Colonel Zahm, 3d Ohio cavalry, contributed greatly by his personal example to the restoration of order and confidence in that portion of the 2nd brigade stampeded by the enemy's attack on Wednesday. Colonel W. H. Gibson, 49th Ohio volunteers, commanded Willich's brigade, has been several times before recommended for promotion, and is again recommended by General Johnson for meritorious conduct; is also specially mentioned by Major General McCook and Major General Crittenden. Colonel Charles Anderson, 93d Ohio volunteers, honorable mention for gallant conduct by Major General Rosseau. Colonel Wallace, (15th Ohio volunteers,) Colonel Dodge, (30th Indiana volunteers,) Colonel Baldwin, (6th Indiana volunteers,) remembered for promotion for coolness and courage on the field of battle. Colonel G. D. Wagner, 15th Indiana volunteers, commanding brigade, has commanded a brigade for a year, is recommended for promotion for brave and skilful conduct during the late battle. Colonel C. G. Harker, 65th Ohio volunteers, has commanded a brigade for a year, is recommended for promotion for brave and skilful conduct. He is also specially mentioned by Major General McCook for valuable services with the right wing. Colonel Jno. W. Blake, 40th Indiana volunteers, recommended to be dishonorably discharged for being so drunk as to be unfit for duty before going into action, on the 31st; was ordered in arrest by his immediate commander, Colonel Wagner, and was next heard from in Nashville, claiming to be wounded and a paroled prisoner. Colonel Hazen, 41st Ohio volunteers, commanded a brigade, is specially mentioned for courage and skill in handling his troops and for maintaining an important position. Colonel W. Grose, 36th Indiana volunteers, commanded a brigade, is specially recommended for coolness and bravery in fighting his troops against a superior force. Colonels Sedgwick, (2d Kentucky volunteer infantry,) Engart, (1st Kentucky volunteer infantry,) Rose, (90th Ohio volunteer infantry,) and Osborne, (31st Indiana volunteers,) displayed marked gallantry on the field, and handled their respective commands with skill and judgment. Colonel Samuel Beatty, 19th Ohio volunteer infantry, commanding brigade, for coolness, interpidity, and skill. Colonel Tyffy, 59th Ohio volunteer infantry, is recommended for coolness, intrepidity, and skill; is also specially mentioned by Major General McCook for valuable service with the right wing. Colonel Grider, 9th Kentucky volunteer infantry, commanded brigade, and is specially mentioned for gallantry and coolness under trying circumstances. Colonel 0. S. Loomis, 1st Michigan artillery, rendered most important service throughout the battle. Colonel John Starkweather, 1st Wisconsin volunteer infantry, commanding brigade, especially mentioned for coolness, skill, and courage. Colonels William Sirnell, (78th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry,) Granville Moody, (74th Ohio volunteers,) and Hull, (37th Indiana volunteers,) for the skill and ability with which they handled their respective commands.

Page  49 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 49 Colonels Grensel, (36th Illinois volunteers,) and Bradley, (51st Illinois volunteers,) are especially commended for skill and courage. Colonel Sherman, 88th Illinois volunteers, honorably mentioned for distinguished service. Lieutenant Colonels Hotchkiss, (89th Illinois volunteer infantry,) and Jones, (39th Indiana volunteers,) recommended for promotion for meritorious conduct. Lieutenant Colonel W. W. Berry, commanding Louisville legion, specially mentioned for gallant and meritorious conduct; is also specially mentioned by Major General Rosseau for retreating in good order before an overwhelming force, and drawing off, by hand, a section of artillery he had been ordered to support. Lieutenant Colonel Shephard, 18th United States infantry, commanding brigade, specially mentioned by Major General L. H. Rosseau. Lieutenant Colonel Neibling, commanding 21st Ohio volunteer infantry, for skill and ability during the battles. Lieutenant Colonel Laibold, 2d Missouri volunteer infantry, specially commended for skill and courage. Lieutenant Colonel McCreary, 21st Michigan volunteers, honorably mentioned for distinguished services. Major Voline, 3d Indiana cavalry, on the 27th, engaged the enemy on the Nolansville pike and put them to flight. Captain Otis, commanding 4th United States cavalry, with his regiment, rendered important and distinguished service, gallantly charging and dispersing the enemy's cavalry, in their attack upon our train on Wednesday the 31st. Major Lyne Sterling, assistant adjutant general, specially mentioned by Major General Crittenden for gallantry in the battle, general efficiency, and eighteen months faithful service. Majors John H: King, (15th United States infantry,) Carpenter, (19th United States infantry,) Slemmer, (16th United States infantry,) and Townsend, (18th United States infantry,) commanding their respective regiments, are specially mentioned for distinguished gallantry and ability. Major Carpenter was killed and Majors King and Slemmer wounded. Majors Miller, (36th Illinois volunteers,) Chandler, (88th Illinois volunteers,) and Hibbard, (24th Wisconsin volunteers,) honorably mentioned. Captain John Mendenhall, 4th United States artillery, chief of artillery and topographical engineer, Staff Major General Crittenden recommended for promotion for general efficiency, and personal bravery, and good conduct in battle. Captains Chambers, (51st Indiana volunteer infantry,) and Gladwin, (73d Ohio volunteer infantry.) These brave officers with one hundred and twenty men drove a large force of the enemy from a covered position, and unmasked his battery. Captain Standant, company F, 1st Ohio artillery, for the gallant manner in which he handled his guns and brought them off the field. Captain Edgarton, company E, 1st Ohio artillery, was guilty of a grave error in taking over a part of his battery horses to water at an unseasonable hour, and thereby losing his guns. Captain G. R. Thruston, 1st Ohio volunteer infantry, is especially mentioned by Major General McCook and others for particular acts of gallantry, skill and good conduct. Mentioned by Generals Sheridan, Johnson, Davis, and by Colonel Carlen, commanding brigade. Captains Hale, (75th Illinois volunteers,) and Litson, (22d Indiana volunteers,) specially mentioned for gallant conduct in skirmishing. Captains Crofton, (16th United States infantry,) Fulmer, (15th United States infantry,) and Mulligan, (19th United States infantry.) These three infantry captains commanded their respective battalions after their majors had been disEx. Doc. 2 4

Page  50 50 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. abled, and behaved with great gallantry and skill, although opposed by an overwhelming number. Captain Gunther, company H, 5th artillery, deserves great credit and special mention. Captain Hescock, 1st Missouri battery, specially mentioned for bravery and skill in the battles, and for general efficiency. Captain Bridges, 19th Illinois volunteers, continued in command of his regiment after receiving a painful wound. Lieutenant Belding, commanding company A, 1st Ohio artillery, recommended for promotion for saving three guns of his battery, (Goodspeed's.) Lieutenant Richard Jervis, 8th Indiana battery, behaved in a cowardly manner, by retiring his section at a critical moment, without notifying his company commander. He is recommended for dismissal. Lieutenants Lambressord, (19th Illinois volunteers,) and Wyman Murphy, (21st Missouri volunteers,) inspectors of pioneer brigade, are specially mentioned in two reports for gallant conduct and energy. Assistant Surgeon N. S. Fish, 3d Indiana cavalry, fled during the battle to Nashville, and is recommended by Major General McCook for dismissal. This man passed himself off as an assistant surgeon and proved to be a private. Case being attended to. Enlisted men recommended for gallant conduct during the battle of Stone river, Tennessee. Quartermaster Sergeant Colburn, (33d Ohio volunteers,) 1st Sergeant German, (8th Missouri battery,) Sergeants Fergusson, (company G, 59th Illinois volunteer infantry,) Holen, (company G, 64th Ohio volunteer infantry,) McKay, (company E, 4ist Ohio volunteer infantry,) McMahon, (company H, 41st Ohio volunteer infantry,) R.B. Rhodes, (1st Ohio volunteer cavalry,) Jason Hurd, (19th Ohio volunteer infantry,) H. A. Mills, (78th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry,) A. R. Weaver, (78th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry,) F. Meeklin, (78th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry,) P. A. Weaver, (74th Ohio volunteer infantry,) Corporals James F. Slater, (2d Indiana cavalry volunteers,) J. P. Patterson, (company G, 41st Ohio volunteer infantry,) M. Hughes, (78th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry,) and Private R. G. Pindle, (company L, wagoner,) are especially recommended by Colonel Murray, colonel of 3d Kentucky cavalry. Privates A. F. Freeman and Abijah Lee, (orderlies with Brigadier General Davis,) James Gray, (company E, 39th Indiana volunteer infantry,) William Hayman, (2d Indiana volunteer cavalry,) William Brown, (57th Ohio volunteer infantry,( Nelson Shields, (13th Ohio volunteer infantry,) J. T. Mitchel, (company B, 35th Ohio volunteer infantry.) Special mention of gallantry, &c. Lieutenant Colonel Houszam, (77th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry,) Captains Brigham, (69th Ohio volunteer infantry,) Cop, (10th Indiana battery,) James L. Meade, (38th Illinois volunteer infantry,) Lieutenants John L. Dillon, (38th Illinois volunteer infantry,) Jones, (Post's brigade.) 1st. 78th Pennsylvania regiment captured a rebel flag from 26th regiment, Tennessee, assisted by other regiments of General Negley's division. 2d. Lieutenant Ganther's battery and the 2d Ohio volunteers captured the flag of the 36th Arkansas volunteers. 3d. 15th Indiana volunteers, Lieutenant Colonel Wood commanding, charged and captured 173 prisoners from 20th Louisiana regiment. 4th. 13th Michigan volunteers gallantly recaptured two guns belonging to Captain Bradley's battery. 5th. Carlin's brigade lost half its field officers in killed and wounded. 6th. 5th Kentucky volunteers dragged from the field by hand a section of artillery, through deep mud and under heavy fire.

Page  51 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 51 7th. Four color bearers of the 21st Illinois were shot down, yet the colors were borne safely through the fight. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, March 10, 1863. GENERAL: Enclosed I transmit a "special mention" of Colonel John Kenneth, 4th Ohio cavalry, whose gallant and meritorious services were by accident not mentioned in my report. Please cause this to be filed with others. W. S. ROSECRANS, Major General. Brigadier General L. THOMAS, Adjutant General, United States Army, Washington, D. C. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND. Murfreesboro', March 8, 1863. Special mention of Colonel John Kenneth, 4th Ohio cavalry, who commanded the second brigade of the cavalry division accompanying Crittenden's corps, behaved with great gallantry and efficiency throughout the entire engagement, commencing on the 26th December and terminating on the 2d of January last. His cavalry drove the rebel cavalry from near Lavergne and followed them during our advance. On the 31st during all the day the cavalry of his brigade was scattered, but with those parts he could command, from time to time, during the battle, he behaved with distinguished gallantry, charging the rebel cavalry in person. He rallied some of our cavalry, and stopped stragglers to the rear, and captured a number of rebel prisoners. His unwearied labors and conspicuous courage on former occasions, as well as during the battle of Stone river, have endeared him to this army, and it is a matter of deep regret that a functional disease compelled him to quit the service. He well deserves to be a brigadier general in the cavalry service. W. S. ROSECRANS, Major General. 11.-REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL THOMAS. HEADQUARTERS (CENTRE) 14TH ARMY CORPS, DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Murfreesboro', January 15, 1863. MAJOR: 1 have the honor to submit to the major general commanding the department of the Cumberland the following report of the operations of that part of my command which was engaged in the battle of Stone river, in front of Murfreesboro'. It is proper to state here that two brigades of Fry's division, and Reynold's entire division, were detained near Gallatin and along the Louisville and Nashville railroad, to watch the movements of the rebel leader, Morgan, who had been, for a long time, on the watch for an opportunity to destroy the railroad. Rousseau's, Negley's, and Mitchell's divisions, and Walker's brigade of Fry's division, were concentrated at Nashville, but Mitchell's division being required to garrison Nashville, my only available force was Rousseau's and

Page  52 5'2 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Negley's divisions, and Walker's brigade of Fry's division, about thirteen thousand three hundred and ninety-five (13,395) effective men. December 26.-Negley's division, followed by Rousseau's division, and Walker's brigade, marched by the Franklin pike to Brentwood, at that point taking the Wilson pike. Negley and Rousseau were to have encamped for the night at Owen's store. On reaching the latter place, Negley hearing heavy firing in the direction of Nolansville, left his train, with a guard to follow, and pushed forward with his troops to the support of Brigadier General J. C. Davis, commanding the advanced division of McCook's corps, Davis having become hotly engaged with the enemy posted in Nolansville, and in the pass through the hills south of that village Rousseau encamped with his division at Owen's store, Walker, with his brigade, at Brentwood. During the night a very heavy rain fell, making the cross-road almost impassable, and it was not until night of the 27th that Rousseau reached Nolansville with his troops and train. Negley remained at Nolansville until 10 a. m. on the 27th, when, having brought his train across from Wilson's pike, he moved to the east over an exceedingly rough by-road, to the right of Crittenden, at Stewartsboro', on the Murfreesboro' pike. Walker, by my orders, retraced his steps from Brentwood, and crossed over to the Nolansville pike. December 28.-Negley remained in camp at Stewartsboro', bringing his train from the rear. Rousseau reached Stewartsboro' on the night of the 28th. His train arrived early next day. December 29.-Negley's division crossed Stewart's creek, two miles southwest ana above the turnpike briage, and marched in support of the head and right flank of Crittenden's corps, which moved by the Murfreesboro' pike to a point within two miles of Murfreesboro'. The enemy fell back before our advance, contesting the ground obstinately with their cavalry rear guard. Rousseau remained in camp at Stewartsboro', detaching Starkweather's brigade, with a section of artillery, to the Jefferson pike crossing of Stone river, to observe the movements of the enemy in that direction. Walker reached Stewartsboro' from the Nolansville pike about dark. December 30.-A cavalry force of the enemy, something over four hundred strong, with two pieces of artillery, attacked Starkweather about 9 a. m., but were soon driven off. The enemy opened a brisk fire on Crittenden's advance, doing but little execution, however, about 7 a. m. During the morning Negley's division was obliqued to the right, and took up a position on the right of Palmer's division of Crittenden's corps, and was then advanced through a dense cedar thicket, several hundred yards in width, to the Wilkinson crossroad, driving the enemy's skirmishers steadily, and with considerable loss. Our loss comparatively small. About noon, Sheridan's division of McCook's corps approached by the Wilkinson crossroad, joined Negley's right, McCook's two other divisions coming up on Sheridan's right, thus forming a continuous line, the left resting on Stone river, the right stretching in a westerly direction, and resting on high wooded ground, a short distance to the south of the Wilkinson crossroads, and, as has since been ascertained, nearly parallel with the enemy's entrenchments thrown up on the sloping land bordering the northwest bank of Stone river. Rousseau's division, (with the exception of Starkweather's brigade,) being ordered up from Stewartsboro', reached the position occupied by the army about 4 p. m., and bivouacked on the Murfreesboro' pike in rear of the centre. During the night of the 30th I sent orders to Walker to take up a strong position near the turnpike bridge over Stewart's creek, and defend the position against any attempts of the enemy's cavalry to destroy it. Rousseau was ordered to move by 6 a. m. on the 31st to a position in rear of Negley. This position placed his division with its left on the Murfreesboro' pike, and its right extending into the cedar thicket through which Negley had marched on the 30th. In front of Negley's position, bordering a large open field, reach

Page  53 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 53 ing to the Murfreesboro' pike, a heavy growth of timber extended in a southerly direction towards the river. Across the field, running in an easterly direction, the enemy had thrown up rifle pits, at intervals, from the timber to the river bank, to the east side of the turnpike. Along this line of entrenchments, on an eminence about eight hundred yards from Negley's position, and nearly in front of his left, some cannon had been placed, affording the enemy great advantage in covering an attack on our centre. However, Palmer, Negley, and Sheridan, held the position their troops had so manfully won the morning of the 30th against every attempt to drive them back, and remained in line of battle during the night. December 31.-Between 6 and 7 a. m., the enemy having massed a heavy force on McCook's right, during the night of the 30th, attacked and drove it back, pushing his divisions in pursuit in echelon, and in supporting distance, until he had gained sufficient ground to our rear to wheel his masses to the right and throw them upon the right flank of the centre, at the same moment attacking Negley and Palmer in front with a greatly superior force. To counteract the movements, I had ordered Rousseau to place two brigades, with a battery to the right and rear of Sheridan's division, facing towards the west, so as to support Sheridan, should he be able to hold his ground, or to cover him should he be compelled to fall back. About 11 o'clock General Sheridan reported to me that his ammunition was entirely out and he would be compelled to fall back to get more. As it became necessary for General S. to fall back, the enemy pressed on still further to our rear, and soon took up a position which gave them a concentrated cross-fire of musketry and cannon on Negley's and Rousseau's troops at short range. This compelled me to fall back out of the cedar woods and take up a line along a depression in the open ground, within good musket range of the edge of the woods, whilst the artillery was retired to the high ground to the right of the turnpike. From this last position we were enabled to drive back the enemy, cover the formation of our troops, and secure the centre on the high ground. In the execution of this last movement the regular brigade, under Lieutenant Colonel Shepherd, 18th United States infantry, came under a most murderous fire, losing twenty-two officers and five hundred and eight men in killed and wounded, but, with the co-operation of Scribner's and Beatty's brigades and Guenther's and Loomis's batteries, gallantly held its ground against overwhelming odds. The centre having succeeded in driving back the enemy from its front, and our artillery concentrating its fire on the cedar thicket on our right, drove him back far under cover, from which, though repeatedly attempting it, he could not make any advance. January 1, 1863.-Repeated attempts were made by the enemy to advance on my position during the morning, but they were driven back before emerging from the woods. Colonel Starkweather's brigade of Rousseau's division, and Walker's brigade of Fry's division, having reinforced us during the night, took post on the right of Rousseau and left of Sheridan, and bore their share in repelling the attempts of the enemy on the morning of the 1st inst. For the details of the most valuable service rendered by these two brigades on the 30th and 31st of December, 1862, and the 1st, 2d, and 3d of January, 1863, I refer you to their reports. In this connexion I also refer you to the report of Lieutenant Colonel Parkhurst, commanding 9th Michigan infantry, (on provost duty at my headquarters,) for the details of most valuable services rendered by his command on the 31st December and 1st and 2d of January. Negley's division was ordered early in the day to the support of McCdok's right, and in which position it remained during the night. January 2.-About 7 a. m. the enemy opened a direct and cross fire from his batteries in our front, and from a position on the east bank of Stone river to our left and front, at the same time making a strong demonstration with infantry, resulting, however, in no serious attack. Our artillery-Loomis's,

Page  54 54 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Guenther's, Stokes's, and another battery, the commander's name I cannot now recall-soon drove back their infantry. Negley was withdrawn from the extreme right and placed in reserve behind Crittenden's' right. About 4 p. m. a division of Crittenden's corps, which had crossed Stone river to reconnoitre, was attacked by an overwhelming force of the enemy, and, after a gallant resistance, compelled to fall back. The movements of the enemy having been observed and reported by some of my troops in the centre, I sent orders to Negley to advance to the support of Crittenden's troops, should they want help. This order was obeyed in most gallant style, and resulted in the complete annihilation of the 26th Tennessee (rebel) regiment and the capture of their flag; also, in the capture of a battery, which the enemy had been forced to abandon at the point of the bayonet.-( See Negley's report.) January 3.-Soon after daylight the 42d Indiana, on picket in a clump of woods about eight hundred yards in front of our lines, was attacked by a brigade of the enemy, evidently by superior numbers, and driven in with considerable loss. Lieutenant Colonel Shanklin, commanding the regiment, was surrounded and taken prisoner whilst gallantly endeavoring to draw off his men from under the fire of such superior numbers. From this woods the enemy's sharpshooters continued to fire occasionally during the day on our pickets. About 6 p. m. two regiments from Colonel John Beatty's brigade, Rousseau's division, co-operating with two regiments of Spear's brigade of Negley's division, covered by the skillful and well-directed fire of Guenther's 5th United States artillery and Loomis's 1st Michigan batteries, advanced on the woods, and drove the enemy not only from its cover but from their intrenchments a short distance beyond. For the details of this gallant night attack, I refer you to the reports of Brigadier General Spears, commanding third brigade of Negley's division, and Colonel John Beatty, commanding second brigade Rousseau's division. The enemy having retreated during the night of the 3d, our troops were occupied during the morning of the 4th in burying the dead left on the field. In the afternoon oiie brigade of Negley's division was advanced to the crossing of Stone river, with a brigade of Rousseau's division in supporting distance in reserve. January 5 —My entire command, preceded by Stanley's cavalry, marched into Murfrcesboro', and took up the position which we now hold. The enemy's rear guard of cavalry was overtaken on the Shelbyville and Manchester roads, about five miles from Murfieesboro', and after sharp skirmishing for two or three hours was driven from our immediate fiont. The conduct of my command, from the time the army left Nashville to its entry into Murfreesboro', is deserving of the highest praise, both for their patient endurance of the fatigues and discomforts of a five days' battle and for the manly spirit exhibited by them in the various phases in this memorable contest. I refer you to the detailed reports of the division and brigade commanders, forwarded herewith, for special mention of those officers and men of their commands whose conduct they thought worthy of particular notice. All the members of my staff, Major G. E. Flynt, assistant adjutant general, Lieutenant Colonel A. Von Schrader, 74th Ohio, acting inspector general, Captain 0. A. Mack, 13th United States infantry, acting chief commissary, and Captain A. J. Mackay, chief quartermaster, were actively employed in carrying my orders to various parts of my command, and in the execution of the appropriate duties of their office. Captain O. A. Mack was dangerously wounded in the right hip and abdomen whilst conveying orders from me to Major General Rousseau. The officers of the signal corps, attached to my headquarters, did excellent service in their appropriate sphere, when possible, and as aides-decamp, carrying orders. My escort, composed of a select detail from the 1st Ohio cavalry, commanded by First Lieutenant J. D. Barker, of the same regi

Page  55 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 55 ment, who have been on duty with me for nearly a year, deserve commendation for the faithful performance of their appropriate duties. Private Guiteau was killed by a cannon shot on the morning of January 2. Surgeon G. D. Beebe, medical director, deserves special mention for his efficient arrangements for moving the wounded from the field and giving them immediate attention. Annexed hereto is a consolidated return of the casualties of my command. The details will be seen in the accompanying reports of division and brigade commanders. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, GEORGE H. THOMAS, Major General U. S. Volunteers Commanding. Major C. GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant General and Chief of Staf. Consolidated report of casualties of the centre, l4th army corps, in the five days' battle before Murfreesboro', Tenn., commencing December 31, 1862, and ending January 4, 1863. IN ACTION. LOST IN ACTION. Killed. Wounded. Missing Horses. Guns. F. - i - E E - C., o C C 0 C 0 C 0C 1st division, Maj. Gen. Rousseau. 303 5,883.. 18 8 171 43 903 3 324 8 5 2d divison, Brig. Gen. Negley... 237 4,632 257 13 11 167 47 704 I 308 6-2 24 9 6 1 1st brigsae, 3d division, Col. M. B. Walker..........97 2,243.. 4...I.... 637 12,759 257 37 19 336 94 1,626 4 633 70 29 9 6 1 HEADQUARTERS 14TH ARMY CORPS, IMurfreesboro', Tenn., Mlay 16, 1863. COLONEL: My attention having been called by Major General Rousseau to the fact that Colonel B. F. Scribner's brigade had not been mentioned by the major general commanding the department for the part it took in the battle of Stone river, I cheerfully submit the following statement, premising that in my official report of the battle of Stone river it was my earnest endeavor to do equal justice to the commands of Colonels Beatty, Scribner, and Lieutenant Colonel Shepperd, as well as to all other troops under my command, and thought that the best way of so doing, without extending my report to too great length, was to give a succinct narrative of the events of the battle, and then refer to the reports of the subordinate commanders for more detailed information. This I did, with the more confidence in the justice of that course, from the fact that after a careful reading of the different reports I perceived no discrepancy in the accounts given in those reports of the events of the battle in which different portions of my command acted together. In my official report is the following: "As it became necessary for General Sheridan to fall back, the enemy pressed on still further to our rear, and soon took up a position which gave them a concentrated cross

Page  56 56 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. fire of musketry and cannon on Generals Negley and Rousseau's troops at short range. This compelled me to fall back through the cedar woods and take up a line along a depression in the open ground, within good musket range of the edge of the woods, whilst the artillery was retired to the high ground on the right of the turnpike. From this last position we were enabled to drive back the enemy, cover the formation of our troops, and secure the centre on the high ground. "In the execution of this last movement the regular brigade, under Lieutenant Colonel Shepperd, 18th United States infantry, came under a most murderous fire, losing 22 officers and 508 men in killed and wounded; but, with the cooperation of Scribner and Beatty's brigades and Guenther and Loomis's batteries, gallantly held its ground against overwhelming odds"-thus connecting these three gallant brigades together in the honorable and distinguished work of covering the formation of the troops on the elevated ground in their rear, when the enemy was straining every nerve to gain possession of the same point. I now quote Colonel Scribner's report of the part taken by his brigade at this period of the battle: "From near the Wilkinson pike I was ordered to move back in great haste to near our position on the Nashville pike, which order was faithfully obeyed. My right had just emerged from the woods when the enemy, which had just been repulsed in their efforts to take the batteries before mentioned, were seen retreating in disorder in a northwesterly direction, through a narrow neck of woods, and were opened upon by the 94th Ohio and the two right companies of the 38th Indiana. " I then threw my skirmishers forward and advanced about 600 yards into the woods, when my line became masked by General Negley's division, who were falling under heavy fire from the enemy, who appeared to be advancing from a point south of the direction taken by the retreating column. I opened my line to permit that portion of General Negley's command, who had expended their ammunition, to pass, which was done in good order, a portion of them forming in my rear. Here the ninety-fourth Ohio was ordered to the pike, leaving me but two regiments, the thirty-eighth Indiana and tenth Wisconsin, the latter now on the left. General Negley having halted his right some twenty-five paces obliquely in front of my line, I wheeled my right, under heavy fire, to connect with him. Here I appeared to be nearly surrounded-a heavy column turning my left-to prevent which I ordered the tenth Wisconsin to change front to the rear on their first company, thereby forming a right angle with the thirtyeighth Indiana. This position was scarcely taken when the enemy came down upon us in great fury; they appeared to be massed in several lines, and their heads seemed to be in terraces, not twenty-five yards before us. For twenty minutes these two regiments maintained their ground, completely checking the advance of the enemy's column. Here the thirty-eighth Indiana lost their brave Captain Fouts, besides nearly one-third their number in killed and wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Griffin and Major Glover both had their horses shot under them and their clothing perforated by balls. The tenth Wisconsin nobly vied with their comrades on the right, and I am convinced that both regiments would have suffered extermination rather than have yielded their ground without orders. But the order came, and we fell back and formed on the pike fronting the woods, but the enemy did not venture to follow further than the skirts of the timber. Having reformed my brigade, I soon after advanced my right to the woods from which we had just emerged, deploying skirmishers from the ninety-fourth Ohio through the neck of timber, with my left resting on the pike. Here we remained the rest of the day, under the fire of the enemy's sharpshooters, and ever and anon the shot and shell from their battery on the left of us. A ball from the former struck Colonel Frizell on the shoulder, so wounding him that he was borne from the field on which he had nobly performed his duty."

Page  57 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 57 Colonel Scribner's brigade was at this time to the right of the regular brigade, and advanced into the cedars. It gives me much pleasure to be able to testify further that the efficiency of this brigade, so long commanded by Colonel Scribner, is second to none in this army. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, GEORGE H. THOMAS, Major General U. S. V. Commanding. Lieutenant Colonel C. GODDARD, A. A. G., Headquarters Department of the Cumberland. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, May 18, 1863. I forward with pleasure General Thomas's special notice of the part taken by Colonel Scribner in the battle of Stone river. It supplies an omission in the report of General Rousseau, which was the reason why a notice of it did not appear in my report. W. S. ROSECRANS, Major General. HEADQUARTERS 9TH REG'T MICHIGAN INFANTRY VOLS., (Centre) 146h Army Corps, Dep't of the Cumberland, January 4, 1863. MAJOR: I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by the 9th regiment Michigan infantry in the recent advance of the army, and in the five days' battle before Murfreesboro'. On the morning of the 26th day of December this regiment, as the provost guards to the corps d'armee of Major General George H. Thomas, marched two miles out from Nashville on the Franklin pike, and crossed over to the Nolinsville pike, and proceeded upon that road as far as the Edmonson pike, a distance of seven miles, and marched out one mile on the Edmonson pike and encamped for the night. On Saturday morning the regiment, with headquarters train, returned to the Nashville pike, and-marched to a point one mile south of Nolinsville and seventeen miles from Nashville. On Sunday morning the regiment marched across from the N)linsville pike to the Murfreesboro' pike, and encamped with headquarters, about five miles south of Lavergne, and remained there until Tuesday morning, when the regiment moved out on the Murfreesboro' pike to Overall's creek, about two miles in rear of our front, and established headquarters for the general. During the several days' marches the regiment picked up many stragglers from the army in front, and sent them forward to their commands. On Wednesday morning, about two hours after the commencement of Wednesday's battle, I noticed many stragglers crossing the fields from the direction of the right wing of our army, and sent out forces and brought them in, until I had from one to two hundred collected, when I discovered several cavalry men approaching with great speed from the direction of our front, and very soon discovered that a large cavalry force, together with infantry and a long transportation train, were in the most rapid retreat, throwing away their arms and accoutrements, and many of them without hats or caps, and apparently in the most frightful state of mind, crying, " We're all lost."

Page  58 58 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. I at once concluded it was a stampede of frightened soldiers, and before many had passed me I drew my regiment up in line of battle across the road, extending on either side, and ordered my men to fix bayonets, and to take the position of guard against cavalry. This was done with celerity, and with much difficulty, without firing upon the frightened troops. I succeeded in checking their course, and ordered every man to face about. Within half an hour I had collected about one thousand cavalrymen, seven pieces of artillery, and nearly two regiments of infantry. Among them was a brigadier general. The cavalry, or most of it, belonged to the 2d brigade, and, if I am not mistaken, was commanded by Colonel Zahm. The infantry was from different regiments belonging to General Johnson's division. One colonel succeeded in escaping my lines, and passed on toward Nashville. From the reports made by these troops I did not know but the enemy were in pursuit in force, and consequently I organized the forces I had collected and formed them in line of battle on the crest of the hill the other side of Overall's creek, planting the artillery on the left and centre. In a short time Colonel Walker came up from the rear with a brigade of troops, and took position on the left. After we had occupied this position a short time a small force of the enemy's cavalry appeared on the opposite side of the creek and attacked our transportation train, which I had directed to proceed moderately toward Nashville. I directed a pursuit by a cavalry force, and about the same time Captain Church, of the 4th Michigan battery, and of Colonel Walker's brigade, opened a fire upon them, and they were soon dispersed, losing some few of their men. During the remainder of the day there were several attacks by the enemy's cavalry, and they were as frequently repulsed, and with considerable loss, by the cavalry force which I had stopped, but the cavalry of the 2d brigade did not seem very determined in their pursuit. In the afternoon I was ordered by General Thomas to take position with my regiment on the south side of the creek, which I did, and then collected a large force of straggling infantry, and which, during the evening, were, most of them, returned to their regiments. Late in the evening I was ordered to advance with my regiment to General Thomas's headquarters, near General Rosecrans's headquarters, which I did. About three o'clock on Thursday morning I received orders to proceed to Nashville with my regiment in charge of headquarters train, and about four o'clock I moved with the regiment in charge of the train. No casualties occurred on the march until about one o'clock, when about nine miles this side of Nashville I discovered a general stampede in the train in my rear, which was not directly under my charge. I immediately formed my regiment across the road and stopped the train and fugitives. Very soon there were several cavalry men came up and reported that the train was attacked at Lavergne, about six miles in our rear. I succeeded in checking the stampede and stopping the alarmed cavalry men, teamsters, and negroes, who had gotten up the stampede. Among the cavalry men stopped was a Captain Skinner, of the 3rd Ohio cavalry. I reached Nashville about half past five o'clock with my train, and the long train in my rear, and pitched my camp on the site occupied previous to leaving Nashville. After I had my camp pitched, I received orders from General Morgan's aid to remove my regiment inside the fortifications early the next day, which I did, and about five o'clock in the evening received orders from General Thomas to return to the front with eight days' rations, and between three and four o'clock on Saturday morning I marched from Nashville with my regiment, with a small train. When about nine miles this side of Nashville I rescued a lady with a carriage, horse, and servant, which a party of rebel cavalry had captured. The cavalry fled on our approach, and I had no means of pursuit. When I reached Lavergne I was informed by Colonel Innis, of the 1st

Page  59 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 59 Michigan fusileers, that a large body of cavalry were about to attack his regiment, stationed there. I halted my regiment and prepared to assist Colonel Innis in his defence; but after waiting two hours for their attack, I proceeded on my march to this place without any other incident, and reached here last evening about seven o'clock with the regiment and train. In stopping the rout which seemed to be prevailing among our troops on Wednesday morning, my officers and men, without one exception, behaved with great coolness, and are entitled to much credit for the determined and successful effort in preventing a disgraceful rout of a large portion of the right wing of the army. I remain, major, verX respectfully, your obedient servant, T. G. PARKHURST, Lieutenant Colonel commanding 9th lllichigan Infantry Volunteers, Major GEORGE E. FLYNT, A. A. G. and Chief of Staf. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION, FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Camp before lmurfreesboro', Tenn., January 11, 1863. MAJOR: On the night of the 30th ult. the first brigade made a night march from Nolinsville to Stewartsboro'. The road was very heavy, rough, and intricate, and most of the night was occupied in the march. The fourth Michigan battery, belonging to the brigade, got through without accident, but in a manner unknown to the "oldest inhabitant." On the 31st the brigade was ordered to join the forces near Murfreesboro'. This order would have been promptly obeyed, but at the moment it was received a messenger came into camp with the news that a body of rebel cavalry, numbering from one to two thousand men, had attacked and were burning the supply train belonging to General McCook's corps, at Lavergne. I immediately ordered the seventeenth, thirty-first, and thirty-eighth Ohio regiments, and one section of the fourth Michigan battery, to move with all possible haste to the relief of the train; lest an attack might be made upon our camp, in the absence of the troops, I left the eighty-second Indiana volunteers drawn up in line of battle, with four pieces of the fourth Michigan battery for its defence. The distance from my camp to Lavergne was a little more than two and a half miles, and though the infantry moved with great rapidity, we were unable to reach Lavergne before nearly all the wagons and their contents had been destroyed. By pushing forward the artillery with all haste, I was able to get the two guns which I had taken into position, on the hill about one third of a mile on this side of the town, before the rebels had succeeded in paroling near all the men connected with the train. Many of the rebel cavalry were engaged in trying to drive away the mules belonging to the train, but the timely administration of shells, by Lieutenant Wheat, put an effectual stop to driving away the mules, but drove the rebels pell-mell into the woods on the right and left of the road. Captain Patton, of the first Ohio cavalry, who had joined me on the march with twenty of his men, supported, as well as could be done, by the thirty-first Ohio volunteers, now made pursuit, and succeeded in capturing five prisoners. The other two regiments having come up, a sufficient detail was made, under the direction of Major Ward and Captain Stinchcum, to secure all the mules and harness, with two wagons, which were not burnt, and a considerable amount of camp and garrison equipage, all of which was for the time being secured, and has since been sent back to Nashville. The rebels had broken and rifled the trunks and valises of the officers, taking everything in the way of clothing and other property of value from them. Having done the best that I could, under the circumstances, in the way of saving property, and, as I have since

Page  60 60 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS learned, having killed several and wounded others, I marched my command back to camp, on reaching which I immediately ordered Colonel Hunter, of the eighty-second Indiana volunteers, to move with his regiment on the road leading to Nashville, to collect together and bring forward all the trains which he might meet coming this way. This was accordingly done, the regiment making a forced march to Nashville the same night, and returning the next day to rejoin the brigade at this place, at about eight o'clock at night. This regiment rendered important service, checking and forcing back fugitives. About eleven o'clock p. m. of the 30th I was ordered to move forward as soon as relieved by General Stanley. At half-past seven of the 31st General Stanley relieved me, and again ordered me to move to the front. Whilst on the march, and near the crossing of Stewart's creek, I received an order from Major General Rosecrans to take up a strong position and defend the trains at the creek. I hastened forward, and at the creek was met by a large number of fugitives, flying to the rear, and spreading most exaggerated reports of disaster to the right wing of our army. I immediately brought the fourth Michigan battery into position on the high hill east of the road, and formed my infantry in line of battle, to support it. The tenth Ohio volunteers, commanded by Colonel Burke, was drawn up in line of battle on the west side of the road. Our position was such as to completely command the road, as well as a wide area stretching off to the front. I here stopped the first stampede, compelling men who had thrown away their guns to pick them up again and return to the field. We had remained here but a few moments until I received an order from Major General Thomas, again directing me to move to the front, and join my brigade to General Rousseau's division. I was also at this point notified by General Stanley that he would move forward on my right flank with a force of cavalry. It was about nine o'clock a. m. when I again moved forward, throwing a line of skirmishers to the front, f6r the twofold purpose of driving back fugitives and giving me timely warning if an enemy should approach. About ten o'clock a. m. I reached the headquarters of Major General Thomas, and here, learning from you that but a short time previous a large body of rebel cavalry had menaced that part of the field, I again took up a position in the cornfield fronting the headquarters, throwing my battalion into squares, and masking a section of guns in the centre of each square. I remained in this position but a few moments, until another stampede of mules, negroes, fugitives, and cowards of every grade were seen swarming to the rear. At this moment Captain McKay, of General Thomas's staff, rode up and requested me, if possible, to check the stampede. I at once reduced my squares, forming a line of battle, with my right resting upon the road. The appearance of this force appeared to reassure and give confidence to the runaways-men and mules all stopped. Again receiving your instructions to move to the front, I advanced on this side of the creek, but was here again met by an order directing me to watch my right flank with great vigilance, as the rebel cavalry was again in strong force menacing that part of the field. I again formed a line of battle, taking advantage of a piece of woodland lying to the right of the road, from a piece of high land, immediately in front of which I had a good view of the field to our right. I remained here a short time, and no enemy approaching I moved forward to the front. At one o'clock I reached the point on the turnpike in front of General Rosecrans's headquarters on the field. Here, in accordance with your instructions, I reported to General McCook, who ordered me to take up a position on his left, which I did, and remained here comparatively inactive, until about sundown, when I was ordered by General Johnson to move to the front, which I did, forming a double line of battle, and throwing out a strong body of skirmishers. We remained in this position all night, without fires. My skirmishers were busy all night, almost constantly exchanging shots with those of the enemy. At three o'clock a. m., January 1, I was sent for to report

Page  61 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 61 at General Thomas's headquarters in person, which I did, and was there instructed to watch my front with great vigilance, and keep a strong body of skirmishers in advance to prevent any surprise. This I did, and daylight had no sooner broken upon us than I saw the wisdom of the warning that I had received, as the enemy showed himself in strong force upon the margin of the woodland immediately on my front. General Johnson had in the meantime ordered me to move to the left, about the distance of a brigade front, formed in two lines. The ground I then occupied was covered with a somewhat dense cedar forest. I directed my men to throw up a breastwork upon our front, which tlhy very soon did, constructing it of loose rocks and logs gathered together for that purpose. So well was this work constructed, and with such rapidity, that by ten o'clock we had a strong line of defences, which were continued by other troops on our right, who evinced equal energy, skill, and industry. The 4th Michigan battery, under command of Captain Church, assisted by Lieutenants Wheat, Corbin, and Sawyer, acted an important part in this morning's operations. Twice during the early hours of the morning the enemy showed himself upon our front. Captain Church had placed his guns in the most commanding positions, and whenever the opportunity offered the most destructive fire I ever witnessed from artillery was poured upon the rebel masses as they thickened upon the margin of the opposite woods. Other batteries, however, to our right and left, opened their fire, with perhaps equal effect. It is not my business to speak of what they did, further than to admit the noble part that they took in the work. I watched the progress, and observed the effect of my own shot, and saw the rebel masses torn down and scattered before it, like leaves before a storm. One rebel battery on our extreme right, and one or two guns in front of our centre, replied with' shell and round shot, many of which struck in the timber, and fell crashing and bursting in dangerous proximity, but not a man of the brigade was injured by them. The day was spent in skirmishing upon the front, and in these artillery duels, in one of which a rebel gun on our right front was dismounted in a very handsome manner by a shot from Lieutenant Wheat's section of the 4th Michigan battery, which was sent with the accuracy of a rifle ball. About eight o'clock of the night of the 1st, I was ordered by General Sheridan to send a strong reconnoitering party to the front, which I did. The enemy were found in force but a short distance in front of our line, and appa. rently engaged in the same business. In this reconnoissance I had three men from the 17th Ohio volunteers wounded. John Zeigler, of company A, Corporal Edward Lacy, and W. R. Sain, of company B. The first two were severely, the third but slightly wounded. On the morning of the second the enemy could again be seen threatening our front, but so vigorous and well directed was the fire from Church's battery and others upon the right and left of our position that no body of soldiers could have attacked our front successfully, covered as it was by the batteries. Heavy skirmishing continued upon our front all through the fore part of the day, until the action on our left appeared to command silence upon every other part of the field, there being no firing on our front. I reported in person to Major General Thomas that the enemy appeared to have withdrawn, upon which he ordered me to advance to the front with my brigade and test the fact. I immediately obeyed his order. My men leaped over their breastworks, formed their lines, and moved to the front with a veteran steadiness and determination. The enemy had again shown himself upon our front, and that at closer proximity than at any time during this or the preceding day. Stone's battery had opened fire upon such a line as to compel me to move my left directly under it; and finding that the elevation of his guns was not such as to enable me to do so in safety, I sent an officer to him with the request that he would change the direc

Page  62 62 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS tion of his pieces. The officer in command of the battery seems not to have understood my message, and for a few moments the fire from this battery threatened to do us greater injury than anything coming from.the front, knocking the branches of trees to pieces and scattering them around us. Several shells from this battery also bursted in our very midst, but fortunately did us no injury. We had not advanced more than three hundred yards beyond our breastworks when the rebel infantry opened a rapid fire on our right from the cornfield adjacent, and from the pickets in front of our centre. My lines advanced under this fire, with the utmost steadiness and good order, a distance of seventy-five or eighty yards before a shot was returned. I then gave the order to commence firing. The front line, composed of the 17th and 31st regiments, delivered a steady and well directed fire. Then, as previously instructed, falling upon the ground to load, the 38th Ohio and 82d Indiana immediately advanced and delivered their fire, lying down to load. I then gave the order to fix bayonets, intending to finish the job with that weapon. The enemy, however, had fled precipitately before our volleys behind their breastworks in the woods. There being no corresponding movement on my right, and the battery on our left keeping up a most pertinacious fire, which put my lines in great peril should I advance, I withdrew the brigade again behind the breastworks. In this advance upon the enemy I had one man severely wounded from the 17th Ohio volunteers-Thomas Outcalt, private of company K; four men from the 82d Indiana volunteers-Robert H. Rigg, private, company C, shot in the hipbadly hurt; Henry C. McCoy, private, company C, dangerously wounded in the abdomen; William Manott, private, company F, badly wounded in the thigh; James A. May, company I, wounded in the hand; and six men from the 31st Ohio volunteers-John Kisic, company G; John Sheldon, company G; M. P. Murry, company K; Corporal David Kiser and John Shoe, of company K; and David Condon, of company A. About half-past seven in the evening I was again ordered, by General Sheridan, to make a reconnoissance in front. For this purpose I detailed two companies from each of the Ohio regiments under my command, and placed them under command of Lieutenant Colonel Choate, of the 38th Ohio regiment, assisted by Lieutenant Colonel Davis, of the 82d Indiana volunteers, and Captain Stinchcum, of the 17th Ohio volunteers. This force had not advanced above a quarter of a mile to the front before they were fired on by the enemy. A brisk skirmish ensued, which was kept up for about half an hour. In this affair I had six men wounded, five from the 38th Ohio volunteers-Lieutenant Hanna, company A, slightly; Sergeant John J. Wilsey, severely; Private Levi Lovejoy, severely; Private John Simmons, severely; Private James Rogers, severely-all of company A; Sergeant Brice H. Jay, company K, severely; Captain Stinchcum, of the 17th Ohio volunteers. On the morning of the 3d, being ordered to maintain great vigilance in watching the movements of the enemy to our front, I placed the brigade under arms, advancing my rear line and massing it upon the front under the breastworks. Here we remained pretty much all day, exposed to the inclemency of the weather and suffering a good deal, but without complaint. The officers and men uniformly behaved well while under my command, and I find no lack of zeal, patience, or courage. With the night of the third closed the active struggles of this great conflict. The first brigade has sustained few casualties compared with others. We have tried to perform our duty; we have done the work assigned us in the best manner we knew how. We are in good condition to perform any service which may be required of us, and will do it cheerfully, whatever it may be, as we have ever heretofore done. Respectfully submitted. M. B. WALKER, Colonel Commanding First Brigade. Major GEORGE E. FLYNT.

Page  63 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 63 HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION, (CENTRE) 14TH ARMY CORPS, DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, Camp near Mlurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. MAJOR: I have the honor to report the casualties of the first brigade during the engagement before Murfreesboro'; they are as follows: Seventeenth Ohio volunteers. Wounded.-Captain Stinchcum, acting topographical engineer on Colonel Walker's staff, slightly in the side by a spent ball; Corporal Ed. Lacy and Zeigh John, company A, severely; William R. Sain, company B, slightly; Private Thomas Outcalt, company K, severely. Total 5. Thirty-eighth regiment Ohio volunteers, Colonel E. H. Phelps. Wounded.-Lieutenant T. B. Hanna, in the hand, slightly; Sergeant John J. Wilsey, in both thighs; Privates John J. Simmons, in the wrist, seriously; James Rogers, thigh, seriously; Simeon Lovejoy, in the back, seriously; Brice H. Jay, commissary sergeant, in the leg, flesh wound. Total, 6. Eighty-second Indiana volunteers, Colonel M. C. Hunter. TWounded.-Sergeant Albert Galtry, company B, missing; Sergeant Henry C. McCoy, company C, in the side; Private Robert H. Rigg, company C, in the hip; Private William Minett, company F, in the thigh; Private James A. May, company I, in the hand. Total, 5. Thirty-first regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, Lieutenant Colonel Lister. Wounded.-Corporal David Kiser, slightly; Privates John Kissic and John Sheldon, company G, slightly; M. P Murry, company K, slightly; John Shoe, company C, slightly; David Condon, company A, slightly. Total, 6. Very respectfully, R. McQUILKIN, Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant General. Major GEO. E. FLYNT, Assistant Adjutant General Fourteenth Army Corps. LIST OF CASUALTIES AT THE BATTLE OF MURFREESBORO'-FIRST DIVISION, (CENTRE,) FOURtEENTH ARMY CORPS. Thirty-third Ohio volunteers. Killed.-Privates John Vandenaw, and Charles Felter, company B. Wounded.-Corporals Samuel Rolby, John Derush, and N. C. Tompkins, company A, and Sam Vurelee, company G; Privates Cornelius Canter, Cyrus Dixon, John Hogan, A. J. Orin, John Porter, Jos. L. Rogers, and Sam White, company A; Samuel Pullen, W. Howell, Jos. Sences, company B; W. A. Sing, George Barleen, company C; M. Tidd, company E; George Therenin, Thomas Casetolt, company F; Samuel Dutton and James Browing, company G.

Page  64 64 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Ninety-fourth Ohio volunteers. Killed.-Privates Harry Hughs, Jacob Ain, company I; and Jas. Lockhart, company K. Wounded.-Colonel Commanding J. W. Frizell; Captain - Stel, company E; First Sergeant B. C. Mitchell, company C, and Sergeant J. R. Martin, company K; Corporals A. Close, company A; George Detro, Josiah Reed, company I; S. D. Taylor, company K; and George Dolinger, company B; Privates John Sedenstich, W. H. Hayne, D. Jenkins, company A; H. McLuse, John Reese, company F; Eli Fenlers, company D; Jacob Elter, Jas. Phaley, company I; John Roberts, E. Chambers, company C; L. C. Cartel, company E; T. B. White, M. Hardin, company K; and John Ginn, company B. Second Ohio volunteers. Killed.-Colonel Comnanding Y. Kell; Corporals C. M. Wingett, company A, and A. J. Ward, company B; Privates Jas. Flord, W. C. Goodpaster, George W. Hughs, L M. Hill, company C, and J. Walker, company I. Wounded.-Acting Major 0. C. Maewell; 1st Lieutenants R. C. Chanebers, company I, (died in hospital,) and L. Van Horn, company I; SergeantsHenry, company D; - Dougherty, company H; Jas. Phillips, company K; Corporals W. P. Long, company A; A. J. Ward, company B; N. Huffman, company C; J. C. Haslett, company E; - Bahill, company F; and J. H. Morison, company K; Privates C. C. Cranston, M. W. Anderson, company A, (died in hospital;) W. Jackson, company B; W. E. Henry, G. W. Myers, W. Gaskill, company C; James Doyle, M. Galliram, J. Clifford, A. Smith, J. Simpson, company D; T. Ross, R. Duncan, J. M. Gray, company F; Elijah Mattock, John M. Lense, W. Dunn, W. Michals, company G; N. Frints, H. Dunham, George Seigel, company I; and George Lowry, company K. Tenth Wisconsin volunteers. No names furnished. Killed, three; wounded, fifteen. Thirty-eighth Indiana volunteers. Killed.-William Ellis, William B. Smith, and Henry J. Affle, company A; Captain James E. Fouts, company C; Privates Henry Bessic and Lyman B. Goulds, company D; Corporal William T. Carpenter and Private James Taylor, company E; Privates Elijah Kemple and Thomas J. Smith, company F; Private Jehu Measel and Corporal Benjamin Treeal, company G; Private James Webb, company H; Corporal William Ballard, company K. Wounded.-Samuel W. Hobson, John W. Affle, A. Buchanon, Jeff. McCahea, John T. Peyton, Leander Free, William J. Hannee, William J. Aberman, Moses W. Affle, J. W. Leatherman, Samuel Granger, William Furguson, and E. M. Lenard, company A; George Hessey, Charles Bonames, Samuel Roby, H. Roby, and Bugler John N. Foote, company B; Corporals John A. Sipes and Leander Jackson, Privates John Raison, William Johnson, Robert L. Campbell, Albert Newbolt, and Henry Stonehouse, and Second Lieutenant Milton Davis, company C; Sergeant Peter Dobbins, Corporals James Hanley and James C. McLain, Privates A. Williams, Peter Wolf, and John Fitzgerald, company D; Corporal Benjamin Goodman, Privates William F. Boldt and George W. White, company E; Sergeant William Tucker, Corporal Thomas Mitchell, Privates George Apperson, James Bathoff, John F. Baugh, Henry Briggs, David Cole, Henry Frank, Jacob Hartman, M. B. Jenkins, Francis

Page  65 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 65 James, Thomas Kelly, John Overman, John Rouff, Christian Staffinger, and Alford Young, company F; Corporal John Carlton, Privates Jonathan Brinson, Hosea Carlton, W. J. Jackson, Samuel McCormic, Jacob Hosier, J. S. Kumple, J. A. Smith, and Robert Smith, company G; Corporals Samuel F. Smith and A. T. Buchanan, Privates Thomas Gray, Robert Duncan, John J. Tundy, and James Rodgers, company H; Second Lieutenant Thomas Hawkins, Sergeants Abel Jacknear and Benjamin Webb, Privates Joseph Harkins, William G. Ellis, Joseph Moore, Lewis Collins, and H. Hammon, company J; Corporals Abraham Kempt, Hiram Brewer, David Jones, and William Reggle, Privates Enoch Seaton, P. Cunningham, David Allen, John Snell, C. Wanosian, and James McGuin, Sergeants Walter Seacot and James Seaton, company K. Missing.-Private Henry Henson. First Wisconsin volunteers. Wounded.-Sergeant George Tibbets, company D; Corporal F. H. Farr company K; Private L. W. Peterson, company F; Private Harvey Arnold company I; Captain D. C. McNean, company E; Corporal Andrew Bunteen company A; Private Baptist De Marra, company B; Color Corporal Azra D Bundy, company C. Twenty-first Wisconsin volunteers. Wounded.-Private Benjamin Turney, (since died,) company D; Lieutenant A. B. Smith, company I. Second Kentucky cavalry. Wounded.-Private Benjamin Tarley, company D. Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania volunteers. Killed.-Private Mark Erb, company G. Wounded.-Privates John Shovy, Samuel Pickel, and Isaac Quigly, company G; Private William Patton, company H; Private Michael Brant, company E; Private Henry Hock, (accidentally,) company F; Corporal Benjamin Bones, company E; Corporal Elias Hollins, company G; Sergeant J. H. Friday, company G. Twenty-fourth Illinois volunteers. Wounded.-Privates Christ Lages, (since died,) and George Kreeman, company D; Private Charles Shuttla, company G; Private Jacob Hartman, company B. Fifteenth Kentucky volunteers. Killed.-Colonel James Foreman; Captain A. S. Bane, company F; Corporal Robert Robb, company A; Private M. Leary, company A; Private William Crady, company C; Private John Hoback, company F; Private Edward Boyle, company G; Private Weber, company I. Wounded.-Privates William Sanders, G. W. Fields, Harry Hall, and J. B. Carrica, company A; Privates J. Whortenburry, W. S. Stevens, W. A. Richardson, Joshua Morrow, and John Cogwell, company B; Lieutenant Frank Foadel, company C; Sergeant J. T. Chambers, company C; Private George Ford, company C; Private Joseph Rosteller, company D; Privates William Malott, John Lawsman, John Patterson, Philemon Olds, Frederick Plump, Ex. Doc 2 5.

Page  66 66 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS and Hiram Potts, company E; Privates W. S. Thompson and J. C. Skinner, company F; Sergeant William Hepford, company H; Corporal John Randall, company H; Sergeant Constantine Schultz, company I; Privates Hahnemenn, Michael Grunt, Philip Hoffman, and Frank Glosson, company I; Private Charles Harrington, company K. Eighty-eighth Indianna volunteers. Killed.-Private Henry Collins, company B; Sergeant William S. Jones, company C; Private Charles M. Scott, company F; Private Ira Pryor, company H; Corporal John Hull, company H; Private Mark Fraks, company I; Privates Jacob Boyer and Ruben Barnes, company H. Wounded.-Colonel George Humphrey; First-Lieutenant Philander Smith, company H; Second-Lieutenant John G. Goheen, company E; Corporal J. Baughman, company A; Privates John Zimmerman and William Krouty, company A; Sergeants Andrew Linn and H. P. Smith, company B; Corporal Moses Kiser, company B; Privates John Renahan and James Douglass, company B; Corporal Dorsey Scudder, company C; Private H. Diffindaffer and John Leepeer, company C; Color Sergeant Hiram Thomas, company C; Pri ates John Bishop, Eldridge Burke, and Marion Griswold, company C; Corporal Edward Wilson, company C; Privates Joshua Sweet, Josephus Marsh, Michael Broward, Chris. Parker, Washington Perkins, Albert Snyder, and Edward Johnson, company D; Privates Mahl Sipes, Robert K. Brown, Samuel H. Smith, Enos Reed, William M. Natt, John H. Furguson, and Martin Baggs, company E; Private James Patterson, company G; Corporal Franklin Thomas, company H; Sergeant William A. Ree, company H; Privates Michael Johnson and Samuel R. Stopher, company H; Privates John Middleton, Aseph S. Prescott, Henry L. Schcraeder, and Jonathan Kellett, company I; Corporal Charles Evans, company I; Corporal James Walker, company H; Privates William Boyd, Moses Ward, Israel Thompson, and David J. Browman, company H. Third Ohio volunteers. Killed.-Sergeant George McAlvain, Corporal John Conway, and Private H. K. Bennett, company A; Private J. D. Figley, company B; Private Chas. Winnegand, company C; Privates Mahleen Neer and John Baker, company D; Sergeant William McCarty and Private Frank Burley, company F; Privates John B. Nailer and H. Tuckerneyers, company G; Corporal Richard Hughs, company H; Privates John Mottram, Levi H. Courtright, and James W. Wright, company I; Privates C. A. McDonald and T. J. McCollough, company K. Wounded.-Corporals Samuel A. Frazer and James B. Duelen, and Privates George Cobb, F. W. Mechum, Charles T. Palmer, Benj. F. Palmer, William Worly, and John Kerceller, company A; Sergeant Samuel L.~French, Corporal Robert J. Dennis, and Privates William H. Barnes, Charles B. Case, Owen E. Moore, John Neill, and Michael Wolf, company B; Sergeants Henry Sanderson and D. Walker, Corporal J. J. Shinn and Aaron Herr, and Privates W. H. Cook, W. C. Light, John Mann, H. Morison, J. Woodyard, A. Wharff, A. Scott, G. A. Richie, B. O. Cussins, Rufus H. Smith, and Alonzo Riddle, company C; Corporal W. O. Munson and Privates R. F. Singleton, George P. Fuller, Noah Spring, and John W. Signer, company E; Corporal John W. Loring and Privates Jerome Galbrieth, James Tarbet, Henry Smith, John Reed, and Jacob Bowers, company F; Sergeant H. Bender and Privates Henry Barry, William Chase, and E. English, company G; Captain Leroy S. Bell, George A. Ball, William S. Wywick, and Privates Albert Asher, Thomas Deryer, William

Page  67 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 67 Boodle, and Nathaniel Levett, company H; Sergeant Elias C. Nicholas and Privates Robert Glenn, Charles W. Wood, W. R. Willits, John Benedict, Jasper Mann, and John B. Cazy, company I; Sergeants G. B. Cooper and W. J. Hurst, Corporal M. Givergin, and Privates S. O. Harra, J. W. Patterson, J. Jeffries, and J. Barcus, company K. Forty-second Indiana volunteers. Killed.-Sergeant C. Goldsmith and Private Henry P. Stone, company A; Private William C. Seikman, company B; Sergeant W. H. Shuyler and Private James E. Hammond, company C; Private James Hamilton, company D; Corporal John Nixon, company E; Privates Joseph Guest, Deidrick Knise, James H. McGregor, and A. H. Still, company F; Privates Hubbard Pride and Terry Taylor, company G; Private Austin Bolin, company H; Private Duquesne Elder, company I; Privates W. H. Clifford and Rinaldo Edward, company K. Wounded.-Sergeant Nat. Matheny, and Privates John Trimble, William Carter, Nathaniel Black, and William Schroeder, company A; Sergeant Joseph Cox, Privates John Kelly and John Bossee, company B; Sergeant E. C. Grigsby, Corporal A. Baum, and Privates John Lindsey, James Saucer, Roger Barber, and D. C. Gillum, company C; Captain John Eigenman, Corporal William Garrison, and Privates D. T. Tennison, Michael Foley, and Thomas Galley, company D; Lieutenant J. R. Ashmead, Corporal John W. Smith, and Privates Elijah Smith, Joseph Malone, Thomas W. Ward, Ephraim Rutledge, Pickney Williams, and S. L. Hutchinson, company E; Captain William M. Cockrum, Lieutenants John Q. A. Stell and J. C. White, Sergeant James M. Harper, Corporal Charles Oring, and Privates R. M. Martin, William Mason, John P. Simpson, William A. Reavis, Beach Compton, Henry Gillum, H. J. Kestner, John C. Martin, James W. McCleary, Asa Mason, Elias Skelton, and James H. Simpson, company F; Corporal Richard McGeehee and Privates William D. Burras, John W. Ellis, Chas M. Crocker, Willis Wallace, James Wallace, Andrew Potts, Michael Austin, N. T. Carroll, William Johnson, W. I). Risley, N. F. Wallace, and Joseph Swan, company G; Privates George R. Goodman, William Cook, Peter Doering, Ezekial Beard, Henry Jones, James Tumbleton, James B. Payne, and Samuel Crow, company H; Sergeant Nathan Price, Corporal A. N. Thomas, and Privates James Cartwright, John Lichlyter, Samuel Garland, Graves Mead, P. W. Chappel, Calvin Coe, James Penner, Levi Hale, and M. Christson, company I; Lieutenant E. M. Knowles, Sergeant L. M. Neeves, Corporals,J. M. Martin and A. Ashley, and Privates Pleasant Shepard, John Coleman, M. Matthews, Frank Ross, and George Thompson, company K. Second Kentucky cavalry. Wounded.-Sergeant Thomas Hall and Private James Sanders, company A; Corporal James Turley, company D. Fifteenth United States infantry. Killed.-Captain J. Bowman Bell; Sergeants Irwin, Kane, Movicth, Somison, Brown, Hugck, Skanable, and Lovejoy; Corporals McFadden, Underwood, Harp, Mantle, Gibson, and Blaw; Privates McCall, and Van Suttle, company A; Private Wangle, company B; Private Skapple, company C; Private Detweiler, company D; Privates Quinn, Genick, company E; Privates Hemer, Brown, company H. Wounded.-Major King, Captain Wise, Lieutenant Occleston, Privates Lemon, Flynn, Brice, Hasler, McGuin, Ogden, Ayers, Moran, Masters, Kelley,

Page  68 68 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. and Acker, company A; Privates Adams, Finley, Loore, McGuire, Daily, and Wray, company B; Privates Spencer, Findley, Mauk, Strauss, and Schweikert, company C; Privates Benton, Rowey, Rouly, Stolter, Sponeilee, Williams, and Umbaugh, company D; Privates Scholers, Barker, Gillooly, Osterlee, Suhoff, Vackum, Sifers, and Farr, company E; Privates Davis, Fletcher, and Schisck, company F; Privates Gilbert, Sozo, Saneber, and Slusser, company G; Privates Chappman, Gissneyer, Mowell, Sutten, Snyder, Ramsey, Geph, and Henwick, company H. Sixteenth United States infantry. Killed.-Corporal Robinson; Privates Hendelong, Lewis, Snelivan, Frost, Ginsback, Clark, Feyso, Williams, Pooler, Patterson, Cheadle, Stockdale, White, Palmer, and Simmons. Wounded.-Major Slemmer; Captains Barry, King, and Dykeman; Lieutenants Bartholomew, Bowen, and Howland; Sergeants Howe, Whalen, Hamilton, Perkins, Judson, Thomas, Wagner, Edson, Martin, Scott, Potter, McNeil, and Brickner; Corporals Dewin, Vigor, Kinkaid, Oteel, Donohoe, Reese, Hastings, Greenbalgh, and Kastner; Privates Gillock, Dolan, Hilton, Hogan, Dudley, Adams, Spice, Velson, Kane, Dorsey, Kelly, Devine, Larcorb, Hutchinson, Fjitterstrom, Donohue, McQuade, Kenmp, McCaughy, Fahy, Lade, Lester, Love, Griffin, Gollon, Gilhoed, Kollinger, Orteril, Stone, Wagner, Owens, Batten, Black, Healey, Brody, Conway, Hawley, Mewer, Mead, Roach, Russell, Mix, Wrightman, Mesmer, Burton, Growney, Kavanaugh, Kinston, Jones, McMahon, Shannon, Straw, Winters, Willic, Wescott, Banyan, Boyle, Crotine, Garveny, Halihan, Kunltson, Livingston, Lathrope, McCarthy, Mannahan, McLane, Sykes, Tuneblood, Taylor, Gillespie, Henry, Donnelly, Wale, Wild, Boyce, Dubie, Gray, Keith, Smith, Thompson, Galliger, Waidham, Caldwell, Barnard, Kelly, Sawyer, Padden, Kahaley, Kirkpatrick, Miller, Harper, Daney, Dorey, Crabben, Anderson, Olson, Olson, Rawson, Smith, Stratee, Findle, Page, Williams, and Hilton. Eighteenth United States infantry. Killed.-Captain Charles Kneass; Lieutenant John F. Hitchcock; Sergeants White, Dobbins, Maderia, and Headley; Corporals Phillips, Wilcox, Harcourt, Long, Conwall, and Linbaugh; and Privates Harrison, Holsbach, Kay, Tussleman, Patterson, Ayers, Masterton, Scolan, Ennis, Kelly, Harper, Pike, Wasmer, Edkert, Jones, Armstrong, Oikeil, Shwarp, Scheck, Blessing, Robins, Fenenkouf, Adair, Plumley, Savage, White, Elsbach, Cowles, Smith, McGinnis, Carmain, Hancock, Murphy, Anderson, Fisher, Sherman, Redman, Gallivan, Boglin, Dashil, Ralfstock, Sherler, and Palmer. Wounded.-Captains Charles Denison, A. B. Thompson, Henry Haymond, Douglass, Hull, and Wood; Lieutenants M. F. Ogden, Carpenter, McConnell, Simons, and O'Dail; Sergeants Owens, Schwartz, Looker, Wilder, Wiles, Smith, Horton, Duncan, Mathew, Leibole, Flezal, Williams, Davis, Wallace, Barr, Todd, Ell, and Peters; Corporals Gaisuch, Davis, Hannahs, Brooks, Bell, Allen, Bartlette, Tooker, Johns, Barnes, Miller, Hines, Seibole, and Falter; Privates Lanowe, Myers, Moore, Medick, Peckham, Stupelt, Smith, Seigle, Barker, Dailey, Frizzell, Fitzgerald, Hardwick, Kuntz, Pepper, Shaffer, Welsh, Dixon, Riddle, Sehreckingaust, Mossey, Washburn, Welch, Welch, Quiner, Habstile, Broggar, Gaddis, Eberly, Rumsey, Johnson, White, Plum, Steihoff, Williams, Boulten, Clark, Fetters, Harkley, Moriarty, Schultz, Helpman, Brown, Constwright, Dodds, Maxwell, Connell, Price, Rose, Rhodes, Shepherd, Swank, Hawley, Maley, Wallace, Mangar, Young, Coen, Myer, Thomas, Weisoth, Barrett, Edwards, Hickman, Hill, Converse, Homer, Nasey, Frank, Davy, Sheet, T'esley,

Page  69 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 69 Harris, McClintock, Seibt, Marshall, Livament, Beemerdafer, Browncan, Morgardidge, Medow, Place, Trewan, Argo, Brooks, Cantile, Goble, Hogan, Howald, Saken, O'Connor, Strassel, Wilson, Shafersberger, Robinhood, Hamilton, Gulerwood, Hilgert, Bolan, Dixon, Wety, Kelley, Thorp, Baugham, Brink, Higgins, Jones, Owen, Stone, McBride, Beardsley, Grey, Hartman, McInsery, Rhodes, Senett, Villiers, Weaver, Baker, Bowen, Divine, Handley, Jones, Jones, Waterfield, Price, Clark, Headington, Howard, Kerchner, King, McCauley, Rither, Luther, Howard, Scharck, Brown, Douglas, Endrass, Haas, Jacobee, Rose, McConnel, Beard, Baker, James, Jackson, McKenzie, Connor, Riddle, Oaith, McCarty, Harvice, Hofler, Swezer, Sigman, Deal, Kerstelle, McCormick, Daniels, Fernel, Kelleen, Coleman, Cunningham, McQuary, Parsons, Seaton, Schaffrex, Stoufer, Taylor, Wilson, Young, and Caty. Nineteenth United States infantry. Killed.-Major S. D. Carpenter and Lieutenant J. J. Wagoner; Privates John Quinn, Haggerty, Aaron Luther, Gorman. Higgins, and Boyer. TVounded.-Sergeants Harrison, Steaffer, Sloan, Howe, Williams, and Little; Corporals Jepalery, John Stewart, Davis, Nester, and Smith; Privates Breese, Brunnon, Faller, Fizy, Lynch, Martin, Cask, Cain, Cope, Lanthan, Slawson, Earnigle, Bennett, Crosby, Griffiths, Hunt, Rayer, Sways, Hall, Gause, Hook, Kroman, Smith, Springer, Adams, Brown, Doran, Delaney, Gilford, Haney, Tulbits, Tatew, Hipps, Powers, and Fitzpatrick. Fifth United States artillery. TVounded.-Corporal Charles Allbyon; Privates Thomas Brown, F. N. James, Michael McGrath, and James Bryen, company H. List of casualties at the battle of Murfreesboro'.-First brigade, 3d division, centre. Seventeenth Ohio-Private Thomas Outcult, company K, compound fracture, elbow joint; Private John Zigler, company K, comminuted tibia; Private Edward Lacy, company K, flesh wound, leg. Thirty-eighth Ohio-Sergeant John Welsey, company A, flesh wound, both hips; Private John Simmons, company A, compound fracture, right fore-arm; Private James Rodgers, company A, flesh wound, left thigh; Private Simon Lovejoy, company A, flesh wound, lumber reg.; Second Lieutenant Thomas B. Nanne, flesh wound, finger; Private Brice Jay, company K, flesh wound, thigh. Eighty-second Indiana.-Private William Minnett, company F, compound fracture, femur; Private Robert Bigg, company C, flesh wound, groin; Sergeant Henry McCoy, company C, flesh wound, right side; Private James May,.company G, finger shot off; Private Joseph Cooper, company G, all fingers, right hand; Private Oscar Vengre, company A, half hand shot away. List of killed and wounded in the tenth regiment volunteers, battle of Stone river. Tenth TWisconsin volunteers.-Private John Long, company A, killed; Private Michael Coulon, company D, killed; Private Irwin Clark, company D, killed; Private Dewitt Griffin, company A, wounded arm and thigh, severe; Private Thomas H. Morison, company A, wounded scalp; Private Rufus R. Cowles, company B, wounded abdomen, since died; Private Nelson Corrison, company B, wounded thigh, slightly; Sergeant Martin Jenkins, company C, wounded face, severe; Private Bela G. Bishop, company C, wounded shoulder, severe; Private George Dewey, company E, fore-arm, slightly; Private Ruben T.

Page  70 70 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Crosby, company F, wounded elbow, not severe; Private Kasper Wachter, company G, wounded shoulder, severe; Private George Lane, company G, wounded, contusion of arm; Private Edward O. Flaherty, company G, wounded head, said to be severe; Sergeant Augustus M. Kennison, company H, wounded, contusion, back, slightly; Private Joseph M. Ginnis, company H, wounded through calf of leg; Private Andrew Scow, company K, wounded leg, severe; Private Washburn Blatchly, company K, wounded arm, slight; Private W. S. Holdridge, company K, wounded slight, did not see him; Captain J. W. Roley, company B, contusion fore-arm, one bone fractured. Killed, 3; wounded, 17; missing, 4. NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, January 11, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report the part taken by my command, the 3d division of the army, in the battle of Murfreesboro', begun on the 31st ultimo, and ended on the 3d instant. Early on the morning of the 30th ultimo, in obedience to the order of General Thomas, my division moved forward towards Murfreesboro', from Stewartsboro', on the Nashville and Murfreesboro' turnpike, about nine miles from the latter place. On the march forward several despatches from General Rosecrans reached me, asking exactly where my command was, and the hour and minute of the day. In consequence we moved rapidly forward, halting but once, and that for only five minutes. About 10i o'clock a. m. we reached a point three miles from Murfreesboro', where Generals Rosecrans and Thomas were, on the Nashville and Murfreesboro' turnpike, and remained during the day, and bivouacked at night. At about 9 o'clock a. m. on the 31st the report of artillery and heavy firing of small arms on our right announced that the battle had begun by an attack on the right wing, commanded by Major General McCook. It was not long before the direction from which the firing came indicated that General McCook's command had given way and was yielding ground to the enemy. His forces seemed to swing around toward our right and rear. At this time General Thomas ordered me to advance my division quickly to the front, to the assistance of General McCook. On reaching the right of General Negley's line of battle, General Thomas there directed me to let my left rest on his right, and to deploy my division off towards the right as far as I could, so as to resist the pressure on General McCook. We consulted and agreed as to where the line should be formed. This was in a dense cedar brake, through which my troops marched in double-quick time, to get into position before the enemy reached us. He was then but a few hundred' yards to the front, sweeping up in immense numbers, driving everything before him. This ground was new and unknown to us all. The woods were almost impassable to infantry, and artillery was perfectly useless, but the line was promptly formed; the 17th brigade, Colonel John Beaty commanding, on the left; the brigade of regulars, Lieutenant Colonel 0. L. Shephard commanding, on the right; the 9th brigade, Colonel B. F. Scribner commanding, was placed perhaps a hundred yards in rear and opposite the centre of the front line, so as to support either or both of the brigades in front as occasion might require. My recollection is that perhaps the 2d Ohio and 33d Ohio regiments filled a gap between General Negley's right and the 17th brigade, occasioned by the effort to extend our lines far enough to the right to afford the desired aid to General McCook. The 28th brigade, Colonel John C. Starkweather commanding, and Stone's

Page  71 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 71 battery of 1st Kentucky artillery, were at Jefferson Crossing, on Stone river, about eight miles below. Our lines were hardly formed before a dropping fire from the enemy announced his approach. General McCook's troops, in a good deal of confusion, retired through our lines and around our right under a most terrific fire. The enemy in pursuit furiously assailed our front, and greatly outflanking us passed around to our right and rear. By General Thomas's direction I had already ordered the artillery-Loomis's and Guenther's batteries-to the open field in the rear. Seeing that my command was ouflanked on the right, I sent orders to the brigade commanders to retire at once also to this field, and riding back myself I posted the batteries on a ridge with open ground, parallel with our line of battle, and as my men emerged from the woods they were ordered to take position on the right and in support of these batteries, which was promptly done. We had perhaps four or five hundred yards of open ground in our front. While the batteries were unlimbering, seeing General Van Cleve close by, I rode up and asked him if he would move his command to the right, and aid in checking up the enemy by forming on my right, and thus giving us a more extended line in that direction in the new position taken. In the promptest manner possible his command was put in motion and in double-quick time reached the desired point in good season. As the enemy emerged from the woods in great force, shouting and cheering, the batteries of Guenther and Loomis, double shotted with cannister, opened upon them; they moved straight ahead for a while, but were finally driven back with immense loss. In a little while they rallied again, and as it seemed with fresh troops, and assailed our position, and were again, after a fierce struggle, driven back. Four deliberate and fiercely sustained assaults were made upon our position, and repulsed. During the last assault I was informed that our troops were advancing on the right, and saw troops not of my division, led by General Rosecrans, moving in that direction. I informed General Thomas of the fact, and asked leave to advance my lines; he directed me to do so; we made a charge upon the enemy and drove him into the woods, my staff and orderlies capturing some seventeen prisoners, including a captain and lieutenant, who were within a hundred and thirty yards of the batteries. This ended the fighting of that day, the enemy in immense force hovering in the woods during the night, while we slept upon our arms on the field of battle. We occupied this position during the three following days and nights of the fight. Under General Thomas's direction I had it entrenched by rifle pits and believe the enemy could not have taken it at all. During the day the 28th brigade, Colonel Starkweather, was attacked by General Wheeler's cavalry in force, and some of the wagons of his train were burned before they reached him, having started that morning from Stewartsboro' to join him. The enemy were finally repulsed and driven off with loss. Starkweather's loss was small, as will be seen by his report of the action. In this affair the whole brigade behaved handsomely. The burden of the fight fell upon the 21st Wisconsin, Lieutenant Colonel Hobart commanding. This regiment, led by its efficient commander, behaved like veterans. From the evening of the 31st until the ensuing Saturday night no general battle occurred in front of my division, though firing of artillery and small arms was kept up during the day and much of the time of small arms during the night. The rain on the night of the 31st, which continued, at intervals, until the Saturday night following, rendered the ground occupied by my command exceedingly sloppy and muddy, and during much of the time my men had neither shelter, food, nor fire; I procured corn, which they parched and ate, and some of them ate horse steaks, cut and broiled from horses upon the battle-field. Day and night in the cold, wet, and mud, my men suffered severely, but during the whole time I did not hear one single man murmur at the hardships, but all were cheerful and ever ready to stand by their arms and fight. Such endurance

Page  72 72 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. I never saw before. In this severe trial of their patience and their strength they were much encouraged by the constant presence and solicitous anxiety of General Thomas for their welfare. On the evening of Saturday, 3d instant, I asked permission of General Thomas to drive the enemy from a wood on our left front, to which he gave his consent. Just before night I directed the batteries of Guenther and Loomis to shell the woods with six rounds per gun, fired as rapidly as possible; this was very handsomely done, and ended just at dusk, when the 3d Ohio regiment, Lieutenant Colonel 0. H. Lawson, and the 88th Indiana, Colonel George Humphreys, both under command of the brigade commander, Colonel John Beatty, moved promptly up to the woods. When near the woods they received a heavy fire from the enemy, but returned it vigorously and gallantly and pressed forward. On reaching the woods a fresh body of the enemy, attracted by the fire, moved up on their left to support them; on that body of the enemy Loomis's battery opened with shell. The fusilade was very rapid and continued for perhaps three quarters of an hour, when Beatty's command drove the enemy at the point of the bayonet, and held the woods. It turned out that the enemy was posted behind a stone breast-work in the woods, and when ousted about thirty men were taken prisoners behind the works. This ended the battle of Murfreesboro'. On the morning of the 31st six companies of the 2d Kentucky cavalry, Major Thomas I. Nicholas commanding, were ordered down to watch and defend the fords on Stone river, to our left and rear. The cavalry of the enemy several times, in force, attempted to cross these fords, but Nicholas very gallantly repulsed them with loss, and they did not cross the river. I should have mentioned that on Friday evening, late, I was directed by General Thomas to place a regiment in the woods on our left front as an outpost, and with the view to hold these woods, as they were near our lines and the enemy could greatly annoy us if allowed to hold them. Our skirmishers were then just leaving the woods. I ordered the 42d Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Shanklin commanding, to take that position, which he did. But early the next morning the enemy in large force attacked Colonel Shanklin, first furiously shelling the woods, and drove the regiment back to our lines, taking Shanklin prisoner. It was this woods that was retaken on Saturday night, as before described The troops of my division behaved admirable. I could not wish them to behave more gallantly. The 9th and 17th brigades, under the lead of their gallant commanders, Scribner and Beatty, were, as well as the 28th brigade, Colonel Starkweather, veterans; they were with me at Chaplin Hills, and could not act badly. The 28th brigade held a position in our front after the first day's fighting and did it bravely, doing all that was required of them, like true soldiers. The brigade of United States infantry, Lieutenant Colonel O. L. Shephard commanding, was on the extreme right. On that body of brave men the shock of battle fell heaviest, and its loss was most severe. Over one-third of the command fell killed or wounded. But it stood up to the work, and bravely breasted the storm, and, though Major King, commanding.the 15th, and Major Slemmer, (" old Pickens,") the 16th, fell severely wounded, and Major Carpenter, commanding the 19th, fell dead in the last charge, together with many officers and men, the brigade did not falter for a moment. These three battalions were a part of my old 4th brigade at the battle of Shiloh. The 18th infantry, Majors Townsend and Caldwell commanding, were new troops to me, but I am proud now to say we know each other. If I could, I would promote every officer, and several non-commissioned officers and privates of this brigade of regulars, for gallantry and good service in this terrific battle. I make no distinction between these troops and my

Page  73 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 73 brave volunteer regiments, for in my judgment there never were better troops than those regiments in the world. But the troops of the line are soldiers by profession, and with a view to the future, I feel it my duty to say what I have of them. The brigade was admirably and gallantly handled by Lieutenant Colonel Shephard. I lost some of the best and bravest officers I had; Lieutenant Colonel Kell, commanding the 2d Ohio, was killed. After he fell his regiment was efficiently handled by Major Anson McCook, who ought to be made colonel of that regiment for gallantry on the field. Colonel Forman, my brave boy colonel, of the 15th Kentucky, also fell; Major Carpenter, of the 19th infantry, fell in the last charge. His loss is irreparable. Many other gallant officers were lost, whose names will appear in the list of casualties. Of the batteries of Guenther and Loomis I cannot say too much; Loomis was chief of artillery for the 3rd division, and I am much indebted to him. His battery was commanded by Lieutenant Van Pelt; Guenther is but a lieutenant. Both of these men deserve to be promoted, and ought to be at once. Without them we could not have held our position in the centre. I fell in with many gallant regiments and officers on the field of my command; I wish I could name all of them here. Whilst falling back to the line in the open field, I saw Colonel Charles Anderson gallantly and coolly rallying his men. Colonel Grider, of Kentucky, and his regiment efficiently aided in repulsing the enemy. The 18th Ohio, I think it was, though I do not know any of its officers, faced about and charged the enemy in my presence, and I went along with it. The llth Michigan and its gallant little colonel (I do not know his name certainly, but believe it is Stodart) behaved well. And the 6th Ohio infantry, Colonel Nick Anderson, joined my command on the right of the regular brigade, and stood manfully up to the work. I fell in with the Louisville Legion in retreat, Lieutenant Colonel Berry commanding. This regiment, though retreating before an overwhelming force, was dragging by hand a section of artillery, which it had been ordered to support. A part of General IcCook's wing of the army, it had fallen back with the rest, but through the woods and fields, with great difficulty, bravely brought off the cannon it could no longer defend on the field. When I met it, it faced about and formed line of battle with cheers and shouts. To Lieutenant McDowell, my assistant adjutant general; Lieutenant Armstrong, 2d Kentucky cavalry; Lieutenant Millard, 19th United States infantry; inspector general, Captain Taylor, 15th Kentucky infantry; and Lieutenant Alf. Pirtle, ordnance officer, my regular aids, and to Captain John D. Wicklife, and Lieutenant W. G. Jenkins, both of the 2d Kentucky cavalry, aides for that battle, I am much indebted for services on the field. The wounded were kindly and tenderly cared for, by the 3d division medical director, Surgeon Muscroft, and the other surgeons of the command. Captain Paul, my division commissary, rendered valuable services during the whole time of the battle. The musicians of the division carried the wounded from the field faithfully and fearlessly. Lieutenant McDowell was wounded; my orderlies, Damas, Emery, and the rest, went through the whole fight, behaving well; Emery was wounded; Lieutenant Carpenter, of the 1st Ohio infantry, one of my aides, was so badly injured by the fall of his horse that I would not permit him to go on the field; Lieutenant Hartman, of the 79th Pennsylvania infantry, a member of my staff, was ill with fever, and unable to leave his bed. It should be mentioned that the 88th Indiana, Colonel Humphreys commanding, being placed at one of the fords on Stone river where our forces were temporarily driven back, very opportunely rallied the stragglers, and promptly crossed the river and drove the enemy back. In this he was aided by the

Page  74 74 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. stragglers, who rallied and fought well. The colonel was wounded by a bayonet thrust in the hand, in the attack of Saturday night on the enemy in the woods in our front. I enclose, herewith, the report of brigade commanders, which will show the list of casualties. I have the honor to be, &c., LOVELL H. ROSSEAU, Major General. Major GEO. E. FLYNT, Chief of Staf (Centre) 14th Army Corps, Department of the Cumberland. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIGADE, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1861. SIR: I have the honor to report the following killed and missing of this command: COMMISSIONED OFFICERS KILLED. Captain James E. Fonts, thirty-eighth Indiana; Lieutenant Colonel John Kell, second Ohio; First Lieutenant R. C. Chambers, second Ohio. COMMISSIONED OFFICERS WOUNDED. Colonel James W. Frizell and Captain Steele, ninety-fourth Ohio; Captain Maxwell, Captain J. C. Hazlett, and First Lieutenant Van Horn, second Ohio; Second Lieutenant Milton F. Davis, Second Lieutenant Thomas S. W. Hawkins, and First Lieutenant Alexander Martin, thirty-eight Indiana; Captain J. W. Robey, tenth Wisconsin. ENLISTED MEN KILLED. Thirty-eighth Indiana.-William R. Smith, Henry A. Apple, and William Ellis, (corporal,) company A; Henry F. Bressie and Lyman B. Gould, company D; William Carpenter, (corporal,) company E; James Hawkins and Green W. Ellis, company I; William Bullard, (corporal,) company K; Benjamin Truax, (corporal,) company G; James H. Wells, company H. Thirty-third Ohio.-John Vanduman and Charles Fetters, company B. Ninety-fourth Ohio.-Jas. Lockhart and James Taylor, company G; Elijah Kemple and Thomas I. Smith, company F. Second Ohio.-Morrill W. Anderson. Christopher Hamilton, and Calvin Winget, (corporal,) company A; Andrew J. Ward, company B; James W. Flora, George W. Hughes, Lefayette N. Hill, and William C. Goodpastine, company C; Jacob Arm and James Walker, company I. Tenth Wisconsin. —John H. Long,. company A; Irwin Clark and Michael Conolon, company D. ENLISTED MEN WOUNDED. Thirty-eighth Indiana.-Elijah Leonard, James Leatherman, Moses Apple, Samuel M. Granger, William G. Overman, John W. Apple, William Furguson, Alexander Buchanan, William T. Hawhee, William Lewis, Jefferson McCabe, John F. Peyton, and Samuel Holdson, (first sergeant,) company A; Charles

Page  75 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 75 Banames, George Hessick, Samuel Robey, and John H. Foote, (bugler,) company B; Leander Jackson, (corporal,) John Lipe,(corporal,) John Robinson, Albert A. Newbald, Robert Campbell, William Johnson, and Henry Stoneman, company C; Peter S. Dobbins, (sergeant,) James F. Manley, (corporal,) James B. McLane, (corporal,) Peter Wolfe, Absolem Williams, and John Fitzgerald, company D; Benjamin F. Goodman, (corporal,) George W. White, and William F. Boldt, company E; George Apperson, John Butorf, Francis M. James, Marcelus B. Jenkins, Christopher Staffinger, Alfred H. Young, John T. Baugh, Henry Briggs, David M. Cole, Henry Frank, James Hartman, Thomas Kelly, John Overman, and John Rouf, company F; William I. Jackson, James Masier, James T. Rumple, John Carlton, Hosea A. Carlton, Robert Smith, James A. Smith, Jonathan Mesle, and Samuel McCormick, company G; Samuel F. Smith, (corporal,) Alexander Buchanan, Thomas J. Gray, James W. Rogers, John J. Tandy, and Robert Duncan, company H; Henry T. Henson, Lewis Cullins, Henry Hammond, Jos. Moore, George Hazlewood, Abel A. Jackman, (sergeant,) Benjamin Webb, (sergeant,) and Ernest Sleischer, (corporal,) company I; James H. Seyton, (sergeant,) Walter L. Lacat, (sergeant,) Abraham Kemp, (corporal,) Hiram Brewer, (corporal,) David Jones, Wm. Rigglee, David Allen, Chris. Kanarian, John Suell, and Pat. Cunningham, company K. Second Ohio.-William P. Long, (corporal,) company A; William Jackson, company B; Amos Huffman, W. S. Henry, G. W. Myers, and W. Gaskill, company C; A. W. Henry, (sergeant,) A. Smith, J. Simpson, J. Clifford, J. Doyle, and M. Galiver, company D; J. L. Bahill, (corporal,) Theodore Ross, Richard Duncan, and John M. Guy, company F; William ]unn, Walter Nichols, Elijah Matlock, and John M. Lees, company G; William Dougherty, (sergeant,) company H; Newton Frintz, Henry Dunham, and W. Congrave, company I; Jamies Phillips, (sergeant,) Isaac Morrison, (corporal,) and George Lourie, company K. Thirty-third Ohio.-Samuel Baxby, (corporal,) John Derush, (corporal,) Cornelius Canter, Cyrus Dixon, John Hogan, A. J. Orin, John Porter, Jos. L. Rogers, and Samuel White, company A; James Severs, Samuel Pullin, and William Howell, company B; William A. Long and George Barteon, company C; Moses Tidd, company E; John Thurman, company F; Samuel Purdam, (corporal,) Samuel Dolten, and Jas. Browning, company G. Ninety fourth Ohio.-A. Clase, (corporal,) J. H. Seidenstick, A. H. Haines, and Daniel Jenkins, company A; George S. Dallinger, (corporal,) John Grim, and John Bronton, company B; B. C. Mitchell, (first sergeant,) John Roberts, and Emery Chambers, company C; Eli H. Fenton and Henry Hughes, company D; Hiram McClure and I. F. Reese, company F; S. D. Taylor, (corporal,) Thomas Homer, and Fluvius Tovender, company G; Jacob Arm, George Detro, (corporal,) Josiah Reed, (corporal,) James Etter, and James Faley, company I; J. R. Martin, (sergeant,) and T. B. White, company K; Lewis Cottrell, company E. Tenth IVisconsin.-Thomas H. Morrison, company A; Rufus Cowles and Tilson Covison, company B; Martin D. Jenkins, (sergeant,) and Bela S. Bishop, company C; George Dewey, company D; Rueben T. Crosby, company F; Edward O'Flaherty, Casper Watcher, and George Lane, company G; Augustus H. McKimpson, (sergeant,) and James McGinnis, company H; Washburn Blatchley, Andrew Show, and William S. Holdridge, company K. ENLISTED MEN MISSING. Thirty-third Ohio.-James Lewis, company B; Thomas Hale and Jacob Bettis, company F; Jos. Jett, company G. Second Ohio.-Jos. Ashmore, company B; John Wiggins and Samuel T.

Page  76 76 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Cross, company E; John V. Brown, company G; Jos. Wellington, company H; John Barinford and John Call, company K. Ninety-fourth Ohio.-G. G. Guy, Abraham Kauffman, J. A. Shuman, and Malcolm Young, company A; W. H. Johnston and Albert Harner, company C; D. A. Swaggart, (sergeant,) Jas. Miller, (corporal,) T. A. Kemph, (corporal,) Isaac Corer, C. C. Guy, John Eckert, John H. Yoe, W. H. Martin, Martin Sesler, J. H. Townsed, J. R. P. Weaver, Lovenius Wilson, I. H. Wikel, T. J. Dunn, and Mike Clohessey, company E; Jas. Harinsh, company G; N. M. Browder, Titus Dove, A. G. Marshal, William Carter, S. D. Heck, J. B. Heck, and Buelis Binkley, company K. Tenth WVisconsin.-Cornelius Barbee and De Witt Griffin, company A; Byron P. Tafft, company F; Benjamin Hulett, (corporal,) company G;' Henry Banks, (corporal,) and Jos. Collimer, (corporal,) company H. Thirty-eighth Indiana.-Enoch Seyton, company K. SUMMARY. Commissioned officers killed.......................... 9 Commissioned officers wounded........................ 9 Enlisted men killed............................ 30 Enlisted men wounded............................... 167 Enlisted men missing.................,...... 51 Wounded and missing.................... 1 Total loss................................... 261 B. F. SCRIBNER, Colonel 38th Indiana Volunteers, Commanding 1st Brigade, 1st Division, (Centre) 14th Army Corps. Captain M. C. TAYLOR, A. A. A. G. Report of killed, wounded, and missing in second brigade, first division, (centre) fourteenth army corps, department of the Cumberland, during the three days, engagement before ilurfreesboro', Tennessee. OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND MEN KILLED. Third Ohio volunteer infantry.-George M. Mcllvane, (sergeant,) and Henry K. Bennett, company A; James E. Suttles, company B; J. D. Figley, company C; Mahlon Neer, John W. Baker,and Charles Winegand, company D; William McEater, (sergeant,) and Frank Burley, company F; John B. Nailor and Henry Peckmeyerr, company G; Richard Hughes, (corporal,) company H; John Motram, Levi H. Courtwright, and James W. Wright, company I; Chas. A. McDonald, company K. Fifteenth Kentucky volunteer infantry.-J. B. Freeman, (colonel;) A. S. Bayne, (captain;) R. M. Robb, (sergeant,) John B. Carico, Michael O'Leary, and William P. Sanders, company A; W. M. Stevens, company B; J. W. Holack, company F; Edward Boyle, company G; Bernhard Wiber, company I. Forty-second Indiana volunteers.-Chancy Goldsmith, (sergeant,) and Henry P. Stone, company A; William C. Sukman, company B; W. H. Shuller, (sergeant,) and James E. Hammond, company C; James Hamilton, company D; John Nixon, (corporal,) company E; Jos. Guest, Jas. H. McGregory, D. Kruse, and A. H. Steel, company F; Herbert Pride and Terry Trayler, company G; Austin Bolin, company I; Warrick H. Clifford and,Rinaldo Edward, company K.

Page  77 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 77 Eighty-eighth Indiana volunteers.-Henry Collins, company B; William S. Jones, (sergeant,) company C; Elias M. Scott, company F; John Hull, (corporal,) and Ira Pryor, company H; Reuben Barnes and Jacob Boyer, company K; Mark Frakes, company I. First Michigan artillery.-Jared Nichols, company A. WOUNDED. Third Ohio volunteer infantry.-John Conway, (corporal,) William Wortz, John Percella, Samuel A. Frazier, (corporal,) James B. Duden, (corporal,) Geo. Cobb, Francis Meechum, Charles T. Palmer, and Benjamin F. Strahl, company A; Samuel L. French, (sergeant,) R. J. Dennis, (corporal,) William H. Barnes, Charles B. Case, Owen E. Moore, and M. Wolf, company B; Henry Saunderson, (sergeant,) D. Walker, (sergeant,) W. H. Cook, W. C. Light, John Mann, J. J. Shinn, H. Morrison, J. Woodyard, A. Wharff, A. Scott, G. A. Richie, and B. 0. Coussins, company C; Aaron Herr, (corporal,) Rufus H. Smith, and Alonzo S. Ruddle, company D; William 0. Murison, (corporal,) R. F. Singleton, George P. Filcher, Noah Spring, and John W. Tignor, company E; John W. Loring, (corporal,) Jerome Gilbraith, James Torbet, Henry Smith, John Reed, and Jacob Bowers, company F; Henry Bender, (sergeant,) H. Baney, William Chase, and E. English, company G; Captain L. S. Bell, Geo. A. Ball, (corporal,) William S. Wirrick, Albert Asher, Thomas Dewar, William Boodle, and Nathan Jewett, company H; Ellis C. Nichols, (sergeant,) Robert Glenn, Chas. Wood, Wendell Willetts, Jonathan S. Benedict, Jasper Munn, and John B. Casey, company I; George B. Cooper, (sergeant,) W. J. Hurst, (sergewt,) - McGivigen, (corporal,) S. O. Harra, J. M. Patterson, J. Jeffries, and J. Barcus, company K. Fifteenth iKeltucky.-W. H. Hall, (corporal,) George W. Fields, James Douglas, company A; William McCook, (sergeant,) William A. Richardson, (corporal,) John M. Whortenbery, John Cogwell, Joshua F. Morrow, company B; L. F. Todd, (first lieutenant,) Isaac F. Chamber, (sergeant) George Ford, James Dever, Thomas Dever, company C; James Rostetter, company D; John Lausman, Fred. Plump, John Patterson, Hiram Potts, P. Olds, William Malott, company E; Milton Davis, John C. Skinner, W. Y. Thompson, John Daley, company F; William Hefford, (sergeant,) John Randall, company H; Constantine Shultz, (sergeant,) Frank Closen, (corporal,) Michael Grand, Philip Hoffman, Bernard Hineman, company I; Charles Harrington, company K. Forty-second Indiana.-Nathaniel Mathany, (sergeant,) Nathaniel Black, John Findle, William Schroder, William Carter, company A; John Bossee, Jos. Cox, (sergeant,) John Kelley, company B; B. C. Grigsby, (sergeant,) W. B. Whitney, (sergeant,) A. Baum, (corporal,) John Linsey, James Lancer, Roger Baiber, D. C. Gillum, company C; John Eigenman, (captain,) William H. Garrison, (corporal,) D. T. Tennyson, M. Foley, Thomas Galley, company D; J. R. Ashmeade, (second lieutenant,) John W. Smith, (corporal,) J. S. Stubblefield, (sergeant major) Elijah Smith, Jos. Malone, Thomas J. Ward, Solana Hutchison, Eph. Rutledge, company E; H. C. Gillum, H. J. Kistner, James W. McCleary, John H. Martin, R. M. Martin, Asa Mason, Wm. Mason, Elias Skelton, John P. Simpson, James H. Simpson, William A. Reeves, Wmn. M. Cockrum, (captain,) J, Q. A. Steele, (first lieutenant,) J. C. White, (second lieutenant,) James W. Harper, (sergeant,) Charles Ohning, (corporal,) Beach Compton, company F; M. Austin, William D. Burras, N. F. Carroll, John W. Ellis, Charles McCracken, M. D. I-isely, Willis E Wallace, N. F. Wallace, James P. Wallace, Richard McGahee, (corporal,) company G; George R. Goodwin, James Tumbleton, Peter Doering, Ezekiel Beard, company H; Nathaniel Pierce, (sergeant,) A. N. Thomas, (corporal,) P. W. Chepel, Calvin Coe, James Cutright, G. Meade, Mideon Chrisistison, Samuel Garland, Levi Hale, John

Page  78 78 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Sichlyter, James Penner, Jasper M. Martin, (corporal,) Alvis Ashley, (corpo ral,) John Coleman, Miles Mathews, Frank Ross, George Thompson, Pleasant Shephard, S. F. Tyner, company I; E. M. Knoles, (lieutenant,) F. M. Nuves, (sergeant,) company K. Eighty-eighth Indiana.-George Humphreys, (colonel;) Isaiah Binghan, (corporal,) George J. Link, John N. Zimmerman, William Krontz, company A; Andrew J. Linn, {sergeant,) Henry P. Smith, (sergeant,) Moses Kiser, (corporal,) John Kruhan, (corporal,) James Douglass, company B; Dorsey Scudder, (corporal,) John S. Lepper, Henry Deffenderfer, Edward Wilson, Marion E. Griswold, Hiram W. Thomas, (color sergeant,) Joshua Sweet, John Bishop, E. Birk, company C; Josephus Marsh, C. Parker, Albert Snyder, Isaac Nesbit, Edward Johnson, Washington Perkins, M. Browand, Jos. D. Stoper, (lieutenant,) company D; Mahlon Sipe, Joseph G. Gohen, Robert K. Brown, Samuel H. Smith, Enos Reed, company E; W. N. Nutt, John H. Fergisun, Martin Boggs, company F; James Patterson, company G; Philander Smith, (lieutenant,) William A. Rix, (sergeant,) F. B. Thomas, (corporal,) M. Johnson, Samuel R. Stanfer, company H; John Middleton, Asoph S. Prescott, Henry S. Schraeder, Jonathan Kellett, Charles W. Evans, (corporal,) William Boyd, David J. Bowman, James Walker, Israel Thompson, Moses F. Ward, company I. First Michigan Artillery.-Henry M. Woorrington, (quartermaster sergeant,) Marcus A. Gague, (corporal,) Lineas H. Stephens, Charles E. Hastings, Asa B. Cornell, Martin Kelly, John E. Ellsworth, John H. Dillon, Henry C. Heartwell, Fred. Upton, company A. OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND ENLISTED MEN MISSING. Third Ohio volunteers.-Silas Welsh, Erasmus Welsh, and Walter Vandine, company A; William H. McCartney and Henry Ramer, company B; I. C. Coleman and D. Light, company C; William Runyan and William H. Vananda, company D; Jacob Young, William Piers, William Mussleman, Levi W. Ewing, and R. S. Ewing, company E; H. E. Miller, company G; John Smith, company H; Geo. Early, (sergeant,) Frederick A. Miller, Melville Maxwell, Jno. Miller, Smith Oliver, and Frank Doty, company I; Edward McGafee, company K. Fifteenth Kentucky volunteers.-C. S. Duvall and John A. Tucker, company A; James W. Gray, (1st lieutenant,) company B; George Clark, Seth Duncan, John Lafollet, and William Crady, company C; James Collier, John Hornback, and Frederick Walter, company D; W. A. Phelps, (sergeant,) F. A. Dougherty, James Hite, and E. J. Jackson, (corporal,) company F; George Mueler, (corporal,) Frederick Andre, and D. Merkee, company I. Indiana volunteers.-Daniel Watson, Richard Nash, John Allbacker, Thomas Dennison, and Granville Witherspoon, (corporal,) company A; Elijah Kinkaid, company B; J. L. Phelleps, F. M. Brady, (corporal,) J. W. Carpenter, and William Bentle, (musician,) company C; John Scammerhorn, (lieutenant,) John Ireton, and Joseph Hust, company D; James C. Kain, (sergeant,) W. H. McCleary, (corporal,) and D. Mason, company F; Smith Newson, (sergeant,) John Daley, (musician,) and Ephraim Smith, company E; William Pride, and William A. Myers, (corporal,) company G; Joseph Pheffer, W. Niblack, (musician,) and James W. Bolin, company H; W. C. Stevenson, (musician,) John W. Hines, Joseph H. Denton, Thomas H. English, James H. Hughes, and James F. Jones, company I; Willis Brown, Amos Parker, William A. Keith, and James M. Shanklin, (lieutenant colonel,) company K. Eighty-eighth Indiana volunteers.-Henry Albert and William Pearson, Aaron Woolestern, (sergeant,) Joseph M. Henderson, and John Webb, company D; Charles Wiebke, Robert Lanoning, and Jabez Bonze, company F; William A. Goorich, Cyrus Forken, Jonathan Cummings, and Ira M. Woodyard

Page  79 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 79 (corporal,) company G; Edwin Smurr, (musician,) company H; Smith Barclay, George Fowler, James W. Hasell, and Jno. B. Celford, company I; Daniel Doney, company K. 1st Mlichigan Artillery.-Sylvester T. Dwight, and Jerona C. Mathers, company A. KILLED. WOUNDED. MISSING. TOTAL. U a Q -8 o 0 o volue in.2 8 2 1 16 Forty-second Indiana volunteer infantry17 17 6 75 2 32 34 132 Eighty-eighth Indiana volunteer infantry...... 8 8 4 47 51... 19 19 78 First Michigan battery,... 1.... 10 10... 2 2 13 Total......... 2 51 53 12 228 240 3 93 96 3 3 89 JOHN BEATTY, Colonel 3d Ohio, commanding Second Brigade, First Division. JAMES S. WILSON, First Lieutenant Third Ohio, and A. A. A. G. List of casualties of 28th brigade in the engagement before Murfresboro', Tennessee, January 1st, 2d, and 3d, 1863. OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND MEN KILLED. 79th Pennsylvania regiment.-Abram Stropg, company A; Mark Ert, company G. 24th Illinois regiment.-C. Lage, company D. OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND ENLISTED MEN WOUNDED. 79th Pennsylvania regiment.-Sergeant J. H. Friddy, company E; Henry Koch, company F; Elias Hollinger, Isaac A. Genkley, and Samuel Picke, company G; W. K. Palton, company H. 24th Illinois regiment.-Jacob Hartman, company B; George Krumm, company D; Charles Scuttler, company G. 1st Wisconsin regiment.-Corporal Andrew Bunteen, company A; Bartese Demond, company B; Captain D. C. McVean, company E; Azaira Bundy, company G. 1st Kentucky battery.-Patrick Carran.

Page  80 80 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. MISSING IN THE 28TH BRIGADE. 79th Pennsylvania regiment.-None. 24th Illinois regiment.-Principle Musician Theo. Louner. 1st Wisconsin regiment.-Hospital Steward J. R. McCullough, Thomas Morgan and William Huyck, company H. RECAPITULATION. 79th Pennsylvania regiment.-Killed, 2; wounded, 8. Total, 10. 24th Illinois regiment.-Killed, 1; wounded, 3; missing, 1. Total, 5. 1st Wisconsin regiment.-Killed, 0; wounded, 4; missing, 3. Total, 7. 1st Kentucky battery.-Wounded, 1. Total, 1. Total killed, wounded, and missing, 23. H. A. HAMBRIGHT, Colonel 79th Pennsylvania Commanding. C. A. SEARLES, Lieutenant and A. A. A. G. Report of killed, wounded and missing in 4th brigade, 1st division, (centre) 4th Army Corps, department of the Cumberland, during the three days'engagement before Murfreesboro', Tennessee. OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND MEN KILLED. 15th United States infantry.-EdwardQuinn, (sergeant,) William B. McCall, and M. Van Suttle, company A; William W. Wise, (captain,) and William Kapple, company C; J. B. Bell, (captain,) and Isaac Detweler, company 1); Sutton B. Quinn, and Gustavus Garie, company E; Chester Brown, Jacob Hexamer, John Gessinger, and Benjamin Giph, company H. 16th United States infantry-N. Hindelong, James Lewis, and Dennis Sullivan, company A; Nathan Frost, Nicholas Ginsbach, Zach. White, Lemuel K. Palmer, Aaron Simmons, Hastner, (corporal,) Duddy, and Bowers, company B; Frank Clark, company C; Ferd. Ferguson, company D; Robert Robinson, (corporal,) and J. Williams, company F; George L. Povler, and George H. Patterson, company G; Charles Alletzon, (corporal,) Thomas Burns, Erastus Chedle, and Harrison Stockdale, company 11. 18th Unrited States infantry.-James Harrison, Nicholas Holabach, B. W. Wilcox, (corporal,) James Adair, James A. Anderson, James S. Fisher, David Dedmon, Amos Sherman, John F. Pierce, and Gordon Beard, company A; Nathan Ray, John Fusselman, William Patterson, Charles Argus, Francis Masterton, J. L. Hitchcock, (lieutenant,) J. Limbaugh, (corporal,) J. R. Leibole, (corporal,) M. Gallivan, George Shuler, and Abram Coombs, company B; Charles L. Kneass, (captain,) F. M. Phillipi, (corporal,) Thomas J. Long, (corporal,) J. H. Tuman, William Cornwall, George Eckhert, Isaac B. Jones, Frank Kelly, and George B. Smith, company C; Hugh Scolan, Samuel Palmer, Elisha Harper, V. Ferrenkoaf, Peter Murphy, Joseph Wasmer, Arthur D. Cantrill, and Jere Howard, company D; William Baglin, Samuel Daihl, Jos. Elsbech, William Ernis, M. Khapsbock, Alfred Mf. Ginnis, Amos Robins, and T. F. Armstrong, company E; Henry Headley, (sergeant,) Jacob Bike, George F. White, (first sergeant,) Samuel Dobbins, (first sergeant,) William D. Madeira, (first sergeant,) John J. Carman, Mahlon Hancock, William H. Himes, (corporal), company F; S. D. Carpenter, (major;) J. L. Harcourt, (corporal,) James O'Neill, Martin Swang, and Charles Schreck, company G; James F.

Page  81 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 81 Mohr, M. McGrath, Jacob Blessing, Henry B. Plumley, Patrick Sarage, and Elias White, company H. Nineteenth United States infantry.-John Quinn and Aaron Lather,' company A; S. C. Higgins, company D; John Bayer, company E; B. Haggerty and Edward Gorman, company F. WOUNDED. Fifteenth United States infantry.-Pat. Kane, (sergeant,) A. K. McFaden, (corporal,) David S. Flynn, Fidel Keisler, Jesse Gwynn, Frank Maguire, Eugene A. Ogden, George Sagers, Michael Moran, Alfred H. Masters, and Thomas Kelly, company A; James Acker, Robert Adams, Patrick Daily, Samuel Finley, Henry Holtkoff, Joseph Loose, James McGuire, David R. Spenser, and George A. N. Wray, company B; O'Rourke, (sergeant,) Morrett, (sergeant,) Underwood, (corporal,) Findley, Mauck, Strauss, Schieickert, and Astomyer, company C; J. Loomison, (sergeant,) William Thorp, (corporal,) Daniel Henderson, (corporal,) Alfred Benton, James M. Williams, Charles M. Umbaugh, Noah Statler, John C. Roney, H. W. C. Roney, Jesse Spoucilor, Abram M. Mills, and Hiram Conner, company D; James P. Brown, (1st sergeant,) David E. Scholas, George Parker, Peter Cillouly, John A. Osterle, John Imkof, Robert Raisin, Gottleib Nukom, Nathan Rix, John Sifers, G. Washington Foor, and Orson W. Beebe, company E; Huyck, (sergeant,) Moll, (sergeant,) Kanable, (sergeant,) Mantle, (corporal,) Gibson, (corporal,) Davis, Ketcher, and Schrock, company F; Joseph S. York, (captain,) H. S. Lovejoy, (sergeant,) Ezra Gilbert, David Lose, Sarn'l J. Landis, and Alfred Slusser, company G; W. B. Occleston, (1st lieutenant,) W.W. Blair, (sergeant,) Henry Chapman, Robert Howell, Charles Sutter, George Snyder, Alexander Ramsay, Thomas Prestley, and John H. King, (major,) company H. MISSING. J. H. Lemon, Francis Bruce, Kernan, company A; Myron Parks, Corporal McRussell, Bruce, and O'Flaherty, company B; Lewis, Hardy, Dorr, McKinney, Carrigan, and Loth, company C; Benjamin Closson, company D; D. Pontrois, company E; Kennedy and Miller, company F; T. S. Dunning, H. R. Moore, M. Fressel, and C. P. Van Duyn, company G; A. Frandensteine, company H. WOULNDED. Sixteenth United States infantry.-Major A. J. Slemmer, Robert P. Barry, (captain,) John C. King, (captain,) N. L Dykeman, (captain,) W. H. Bartholomew, (first lieutenant,) John Power, (first lieutenant and adjutant,) James C. Howland, (first lieutenant,) James H. Howe, (commissary sergeant,) F. J. Pattee, (sergeant,) G. McNeil, (sergeant,) W. G. Scott, (sergeant,) Privates Gillick, Dolan, Hilton, Hogan, Dundon, Adams, Spice, Nelson, Kane, Dorsey, Kelly, Devine, Larcombe, Hutchinson, Fretterstrom, Donohue, McQuaid, Kinney, Nolan, McCaughey, and Fahy, company A; J. Buckner, (sergeant,) M. Whalen, (sergeant,) Hamilton, (sergeant,) Greenhalgh, (corporal,) Privates Lade, Leslie, Love, Griffin, Golton, Gilhoed, Kottinger, O'Neill, Stone, Wagner, Rahaley, Kirkpatrick, Miller, Harper, Daney, Dorcey, Crabbee, Anderson, B. Olson, J. Olson, Ranson, Smith, Strater, Frindle, Page, McWilliams, and Hilton, company B; M. Thomas, (sergeant,) Privates Owens, Batten, Black, and Healy, company C; W. Wagner, (sergeant,) Privates Brotz, Conway, Harley, Meiner, Mead, Roach, Russell, Nix, Wrightman, Wrightman, and Mesmer, company D; Privates F. O'Neil, Burton, Growney, Kavanaugh, Kinston, Jones, McMahon, Shannon, Straw, Venters, Wielie, and Wescott, company E; Ex. Doc. 2-

Page  82 82 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Judson, (sergeant,) Derwin, (corporal,) Kinkaid, (corporal,) Vigor, (corporal,) Privates Bengan, Boyle, Crotine, Garvey, Halihan, Knutson, Livingston, Lathrope, McCarthy, Minnihan, McLane, Sykes, Trueblood, and Taylor, company F; Charles Perkins, (sergeant,) Privates Gillepsie, Heney, Donelly, Wirt, and Weld, company G; H. H. Edson, (sergeant,) Seth Martin, (sergeant,) Thomas Donohue, (corporal,) N. W. Reese, (corporal,) H. B. Hastings, (corporal,) Privates Boyce, Dubi, Grey, Keith, Smith, Thompson, Gallagher, Nordham, Caldwell, and Brainard, company H. MIISSING. Canfield, company B; Carroll, O'Neill, Sympson, and Scott, company E; Finnigan, company G; Kelly, Sawyer, and Padden, company H. WOUNDED. Eighteenth United States infantry.-Henry Douglass, (captain,) J. M. McConnell, (first lieutenant,) G. S. Carpenter, (second lieutenant,) Samuel Gorsuch, (corporal,) Privates William Larrowe, Ebenezer Myers, George Moore, George A. Medick, William H. Peckham, Henry Strufelt, Henry D. Smith, Frederick Seigle, J. J. Brown, S. A. Rose, W. H. Maxwell, P. McDonald, A. Courtwright, P. Brown, J. A. Shepard, O. Rhoads, T. L. Swank, H. F. Helpman, William Marshall, J. W. McBride, A. D. Tagg, J. Micklejohn, Z. Durham, (sergeant,) J. Matthew, (sergeant,) George F. Fass, (corporal,) P. Birk, and J. H. Dodds, company A; Jos. Owens, (sergeant,) F. M. Davis, (corporal,) Privates William Barker, William Frizzell, Patrick Daily, M. Schwartz, (sergeant,) Richard Fitzgerald, R. C. Hardwick, M. Kuntz, Edward Pepper, J. B. Shaffer,'M. Welsh, C. L. Denison, (captain,) William P. Seibole, (sergeant,) T. P. Hanly, M. Maly, R. S. Carrady, P. Mangan, J. Linamant, E. Coen, M. H. V. Young, William R. Wallace, E. S. Johns, J. C. Baker, J. Jackson, Isaac James, and J. McKenzie, company B; Amos Flegal, S. S. Bartlett, H. Bemesdafer, S. A. Bowman, William M. Morgaridge, J. Wedrow, James Place, William M. Wallace, (sergeant,) J. Burns, (corporal,) William H. Diehl, A. J. Conner, J. T. Haurice, J. McD. Haurice, J. Hoffler, F. Kersteller, G. McCarty, F. M. Orth, H. M. Riddle, T. Sigman, J. Campbell, and J. Sweagan, company C; D. L. Wood, (captain,) D. M. Hannahs, (corporal,) Privates George Meyers, William H. Thomas, O. M. Wescott, Patrick Barrett, J. P. Ell, (sergeant,) M. Peters, (sergeant,) J. Falter, (corporal,) William Plum, G. W. Stierhoff, M3. E. Williamson, H. Boulter, J. Clark, S. Fetters, J. Converse, J. Horner, M. L. Ogden, (first lieutenant,) S. C. Williamson, (sergeant,) John Argo, George Brooks, L. Goble, T. Hogan, D. Laken, J. O'Connor, and M. Strassel, company 1); M. E. Looker, (first sergeant,) Jesse Brooks, (corporal,) F. Edwards, T. H. Hickman, Samuel Hill, Isaac Wilson, George Shaferberger, Hi. Rolinhood, John Hamilton, Levi Greenwood, Jacob Hilgert, A. B. Thompson, (captain,) J. Dares, (sergeant,) J. H. Foakes, (corporal,) C. Beardsley, William Grey, J. A. Hartman, L. McInverney, M. B. Shirk, G. H. Smith, William Viller, D. C. Weaver, M. B. Rhoads, T. Barr, (sergeant,) J. McCormick, P. Fennel, P. Killeen, T. B. Daniels, and George W. Caty, company E; D. S. Wilder, (sergeant,) C. W. Bell, (corporal,) M. Bolan, T. H. Clark, J. S. Headington, I. N. Howard, F. Kerchner, D. Kring, William E. McCauley, J. S. Risher, Alexander White, J. Simons, (first lieutenant,) Daniel Baker, Andrews Bowers, D. Devine, J. Handelley, (died in hospital,) R. J. Jones, (died in hospital,) John C. Jones, D. MI. Price, G. Waterfield, D. S. Kissen, D. S. Todd, (sergeant,) William H. Hines, (corporal,) since dead; C. Miller, (corporal.) A. F. Young, (corporal,) J. Coleman, E. Cunningham, M. McCuaig, J. W. Parsons, J. M. Saxton, J. S. Shaffner, F. Stonefer, G. H. Taylor, and J. Wilsol,

Page  83 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 83 company F; R. B. Hall, (captain,) J. J. Adair, (quartermaster's sergeant,) J. F. Weiler, (sergeant,) J. C. Smith, (sergeant,) Privates T. Nasey, M. Frank, H. Davy, J. Shutt, J. Lesley, J. Dixon, A. Welty, A. Kelley, N. Thorp, J. Baughman, W. T. Grimer, and M. Cackler, company G; R. Horton, (first sergeant,) Privates B. Brink, A. Higgins, T. Luther, Patrick Hoare, C. Schrauck, Geoige Brown, J. Endrass, H. Douglass, N. Haos, D. Hackney, D. W. Jones, John Harris, J. Jackbolle, J. Moriarty, J. S. McClintock, G. H. Owen, G. Rose, T. Schultz, F. Seibt, and George W. Stone, company H. MISSING. E. C. Beach, (sergeant,) Private Riefenberg, company A; A. R. Brownig, company C; MI. Kacer and Benjamin Lawhead, company E; I. C. Colby and John Priest, company F. WOUNDED. Nineteenth United States infazntry.-Privates William Beam, Eli Wells, and William Schultz, company A; W. H. Harrison, (first sergeant,) John H. Topky, (corporal,) Privates T. Brennon, Patrick Cain, J. C. Cope, William H. Fallen, William Figg, E. Herrington, F. Lamsham, G. W. Lawson, and Patrick Lynch, company B; H. B. Shaffer, (sergeant,) J. Shrot, (corporal,) B. Davis, (corporal,) Privates E. Bennett, J. Crosby, George Emigh, I. Griffith, I. L. B. Harnden, C. Hunt, S. Imay, and A. Snyder, company C; Charles Stears, (sergeant,) Privates W. D. Dewey, S. Gause, H. Hook, C. Kronman, F. T. Shore, A. Smith, and T. E. Fall, company D; W. H. Hoover, (sergeant,) 1'. J. Smith, (corporal,) J. Hester, (corporal,) Privates C. Adams, J. E. Brown, J. M. Doran, J. Dunlewy, I). Gilford, J. A. Harvey, H. T. Tibbitt, and P. Tatem, company E; W. H. Williams, (sergeant,) J. A. Little, (sergeant,) Privates J. Powers, L. Hipp, and J. B. Cockefair, company G. Fifth United States battery.-B. F. Burgess, company H. MISSING. James Kelley, company A; John Neckl, company B; John Reese, company C; H. Robinson, company D; W. D. Bennett, Edward Haggey, J. Sallet, J. B. Smith, and E. T. Swamk, company E; William 0. Randall, D. W. Pollock, and I. A. McClain, company F. The report of each battalion being signed properly by the commandants. HEADQUARTERS 2D KENTUCKY CAVALRY, iTIurfreesboro', January 10, 1863. SIR: The following is a correct li-t of the killed, wounded, and missing from our regiment during the three days' engagement before Murfreesboro. Thomas Hall, (sergeant,) and Private James Saunders, company A; Benjamin F. Surley, (corporal,) company D; Samuel McGowan, (corporal,) company H. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, JOHN E. STILWELL, Adjutant. Captain M. C. TAYLOR.

Page  84 84 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. CAMP OF THIRD DIVISION, FOURTEENTH CORPS, Near Murfreesboro', Tenn., January 9, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by the batteries of artillery of this division in the battle of "Stone river," and the events during the march from Mill Creek, December 26, 1862, and after the battle up to January 6, 1863. The batteries marched with the several brigades on the morning of December 26 in the following order: Houghtaling's battery, with Colonel Roberts's brigade on the Nolensville pike; Hescock's battery, with General Sill's brigade, on the road to the left of the pike via Patterson's Mill; Bush's battery, with Schaeffer's brigade, on the Nolensville pike, in reserve. Nothing was done this day by the artillery. Encamped about one mile from Nolensville. On the 27th marched at dawn of day towards Triune, formed line of battle with expectation of an engagement, the men and horses suffering very much on account of the heavy rains for the last few days and deep mud. Did not move on the 28th. Spent the day preparing the batteries for battle. Marched on the 29th on the Bully Jack road towards Murfreesboro'. Saw but.little of the enemy-no fighting. Encamped near Wilkinson's Crossroads, about seven miles from Murfreesboro'. Marched on the morning of the 30th, at seven o'clock a. m. Found the enemy strongly posted in our front, about three miles from Murfreesboro'. The batteries having been assigned to brigades as follows: Hescock's battery to Schaeffer's brigade; Houghtaling's battery to Colonel Roberts's brigade; and Bush's battery to General Sill's brigade, took post with their brigadesHougiitaling's on the right of the Wilkinson pike; Bush's on the right of Houghtaling's; Hescock's on the right and rear; all supported by their respective brigades. But little firing was done during the forenoon. In the afternoon Bush moved with his battery to the front and opened on the enemy at short range. Hescock took the position left by Bush, all three batteries concentrating their fire on the points of timber in front, shelling the enemy's battery and driving back his skirmishers. The casualties were confined to Bush's battery, he having lost four enlisted men and several horses. His battery was placed in an exposed position and nobly did their duty. During the night Bush moved his battery to a more commanding position; the other batteries remained on the hill facing the enemy. The events of the 31st relative to the batteries of this division are difficult to detail, but may be made intelligible to any one conversant with the ground or taking any part in the action. The battle opened in the division by an attempt to capture Bush's battery. It was gallantly defended by General Sill until his brigade was completely turned. The brave general fell dead between the guns. The battery then fell back to the position occupied by the other batteries of the division. In the mean time Houghtaling's and the Missouri batteries were firing into the enemy's ranks and batteries that were engaging. General Sill and General Davis continued to do fearful execution among them until the enemy who were pursuing General Johnson's surprised and defeated division gained the rear of the division, when all the batteries moved to the front to the position just held by the enemy, and from which the division had driven him. Houghtaling advanced first and took position on the right of the pike, (south side,) just in the edge of the timber, supported by Colonel Roberts's brigade, where he remained until his last horse was killed or wounded, and his last round of ammunition expended, and the enemy demanding of his men to surrender. He was forced to abandon his battery, after a gallant fight for a most important position. His loss will be found in his statements already submitted to you.

Page  85 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 85 Bush took position on the north side of the pike, doing his duty bravely; the Missouri battery also on the north side of the pike. These two batteries were exposed to a fire of artillery from their front and rear, and of sharpshooters on their flank. Captain Bush re-enforced Captain Houghtaling with one section of his battery, under First Lieutenant D. Flansbourg. Captain Hescock also sent his Parrott section, under First Lieutenant R. C. W. Taliaferro. Lieutenant Taliaferro fell dead fighting bravely his guns, being shot through the head; The two batteries oi the north side of the pike engaged the enemy in front and rear until their ammunition was expended, when they retired through the cedar woods with the division. Captain Bush was compelled to abandon two of his guns in the dense cedar trees for the lack of horses, the enemy charging his cannoneers. After gaining the open ground three guns of the Missouri battery were brought into action and fired on the enemy what little ammunition remained, until ordered to retire and replenish. Thus ended the operations of the 31st. The batteries took a position, by order of General Sheridan, with the division on the south of the Nashville and Murfreesboro' pike, about three o'clock a. m., January 1, 1863, where they remained until January 6, 1863. Nothing of note occurring, except on the first, when a brigade of the enemy appeared in our front and was handsomely repulsed in five minutes, leaving forty of his dead. The loss of guns, &c., in the division I believe to have been unavoidable, and necessary to the successful resistance.f the enemy's attack, which was made in heavy masses, and I do not think the officers can be blamed, as they could not do otherwise without most disastrous results to the army. The loss of the batteries was severe, but they are in good discipline and ready for service. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, H. HESCOCK, Captain 1st Missouri State Artillery, Chief of Artillery, 3od Divisionm. Lieutenant GEORGE LEE, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 3d Division. HEADQUARTERS 5TH INDIANA BATTERY, Camp infield, January 5, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report that on the morning of the 27th of December this command marched with the brigade from its bivouac on the Nolensville pike, half mile south of Nolensville, Tennessee. After marching about two miles the battery was ordered forward with the brigade, which was advancing in line of battle on the right of the pike, cannonading being heard directly in our front. Colonel Baldwin, brigade commander, ordered one piece forward, which fired three shots at the enemy's cavalry, who were in sight, retreating on the opposite hill; we then advanced a short distance, and two Parrott guns were ordered in the woods to the right of the pike, where six rounds were fired at the enemywho were apparently cavalry, drawn up in line of battle, supported by a bat, tery planted on tlhe left of the pike; their artillery ceased firing, and their cavalry retreated when we advanced, but too late to properly support the brigade, who had charged through the village of Triune. The cause of delay was a bridge being destroyed, and very heavy ground bordering on each side of the creek when we passed beyond. With a light twelve-pounder we fired two shots at

Page  86 '86 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. the enemy retreating through a wood. The command then encamped half a mile south of Triune, where it remained, and was employed in inspecting ammu nition until the morning of the 29th of December, when four pieces of the battery was ordered to report to General Willich, under whom they marched, without any event worthy of notice, to within four miles of Murfreesboro', Tennessee. At this place, at about 1 o'clock, the four pieces rejoined the brigade, when the whole command went with the brigade upon a reconnoissance two miles to the right of the main body of the division, from which the command returned at about 8 o'clock p. m., and went into bivouac in the woods near brigade and division headquarters. We received permission to unhitch the horses, but not to unharness, and early on the morning of the 31st an order was sent to us by the brigade commander to hitch, which we did without watering the horses. At about half past 7 a. m. two light twelve-pounder guns were ordered out to a position about 800 yards southeast from the camp, facing a large cornfield, the enemy appearing in very heavy force. I was then ordered to return and get the other four guns in position as quickly as possible, which was done, placing them to the right and rear of the first pieces posted, The light twelve-pounder guns in the advance position was under command of 1st Lieutenant H. Rankin; the brigade commander is better informed as to their actions than I am, as they were under his immediate eye. I simply noticed that they fired very rapidly, and were the last troops which passed to the rear upon my left; they fired in that position 17 rounds from one piece, and 23 from the other-nearly all canister; some of the rounds were double charges. The four guns under my immediate command commenced firing shell; we had fired about 15 rounds when a very large body of our own troops appeared to our right oblique, retreating rapidlyit was the remains of Kirk's brigade. Colonel Dodge, of this brigade, had hardly time to inform rue that a very large body of the enemy were in close pursuit, when they appeared. Three of the four guns opened upon them with canister and checked them in front and to the right oblique, but more appearing almost directly on our right flank-our infantry were out of sight to the rear-when the order was given to leave the field. The command succeeded in getting away with but two of the four pieces. At these two positions there were three men killed and twenty-one wounded; also twenty-three horses disabled. We retreated through a dense woods, and had great difficulty in getting our carriages through. I endeavored to go as much to the left as possible, as I noticed that our troops were less disorganized in that direction. With two pieces we made an ineffectual stand in the woods about midway between the two pikes at a point five or six hundred yards to the right of the Murfreesboro' pike; under the direction of the brigade and division commanders, with three of our own pieces and one of battery ( E," 1st Ohio light artillery, we succeeded for a time in checking the enemy, but the infantry fell back, and we were ordered to retire the battery. At this point about 42 rounds of ammunition were fired. It was a splendid position, and I regretted leaving it; one man was wounded and several horses disabled. We then fell back across the pike and the railroad, and became again separated from the brigade. I then reported to general Johnson, who ordered me in position on a point to the left of the railroad, where we remained until about 3 o'clock p. m., and were then ordered to our present position, on the right of the Murfreesboro' pike. Upon the following morning we had a short artillery duel with a four-gun battery in front of us. In the afternoon the enemy appeared advancing with about a brigade, and we opened fire, firing about twenty-five rounds. We have been lying in our present position since. Very respectfully, yours, &c., PETER SIMONSON, Captain 5th Indiana Battery. Lieutenant GEORGE H. BURNS, Acting Assist. Adi't General, 3d Brigade, 2d Division.

Page  87 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 87 HEADQUARTERS BATTERY M, 1ST 0. V. A., Camp near IMuirfreesboro', January 16, 1863. Report of the casualties of Battery M, 1st 0. V, A. Killed.-Corporal William Bettberg. Wounded.-Captain Frederick Schultz, leg and arm, (slightly.) F. SCHULTZ, Captain Commanding Battery M, 1st 0. V. A. Endorsed: Received, headquarters 3d brigade, 2d division, centre, Murfreesboro', January 12, 1863, Lieutenant A. A. Ellsworth, commanding 1st Kentucky battery. Official report of part taken by his battery at the " battles of Stone river," from December 30, 1862, to January 4, 1863. Headquarters 3d brigade, 2d division, centre, Murfreesboro', January 27, 1863. William Sirwell, colonel 78th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry, commanding 3d brigade, &c. HEADQUARTERS 2D DIVISION, 14TH ARMY CORPS. Murfreesboro', February 5, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. JAS. S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General Commanding. HEADQUARTERS HEWETT'S BATTERY, KEN. VOL. ART'Y, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 12, 1863. SIR: In obedience to orders received from headquarters 7th brigade, 8th division, 14th army corps, I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by Hewett's battery, Kentucky volunteer artillery, in the recent engagement before Murfreesboro', Tennessee. On the evening of December 29, 1862, in obedience to orders from General Negley, I placed the battery in position near the old toll-gate, and on the right of battery G, 1st Ohio volunteer artillery, commanded by Lieutenant Marshall. Early on the morning of the 30th I received orders from Colonel Miller to move about three-fourths of a mile to the right and front, through a dense cedar thicket, and over a rough and newly-made road. Here I remained partly under cover of the cedars until about 10 o'clock a. m., when I received orders from General Negley to move a short distance to the left and front, taking a position fronting an open field, where the enemy had a battery of four guns bearing on us. During the day fired about fifty rounds of shell and solid shot at his battery and intrenchments without receiving any reply. As night approached, withdrew the battery and placed it under cover of the wood, where we remained during the night. Early in the morning of the 31st received orders from Colonel Miller to bring my command in position on the left, and near an old log-house, supported on my right and front by the 21st Ohio volunteer infantry, where I remained without further orders for about fifteen minutes, when observing the enemy, in large column, marching on a battery and some infantry stationed about three hundred yards to my left, I opened an oblique fire on him, and soon discovered him retiring to his intrenchments, where I kept up a brisk and well-directed fire, receiving, at the same time, a heavy fire from his artillery for about fifteen or twenty minutes, when a cessation appeared. I soon after noticed a heavy mass of his infantry

Page  88 88 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. moving on our support, to my right and front, accompanied by a section of artillery which was brought into position about five hundred yards to my right and front; also a section placed to my left and front at about the same distance. Here we were subject to a heavy cross-fire of canister. I immediately ordered a return fire of canister double shot, firing as rapidly as possible for about twenty minutes, doing good execution. The enemy was soon seen retiring, and I ordered the use of shell to follow his retreat, briskly kept up for about fifteen minutes, when the enemy commenced a well-directed fire from his artillery direct upon my command. After shelling him rapidly for about threefourths of an hour, one of my guns (a small rifled gun) was disabled. I continued shelling as rapidly as possible for some time after, and finding my horses were fast being crippled by the shells continually exploding in our midst, I ordered a change of position of the battery to the left that I might break the range of his artillery bearing heavily upon us.' While my order was being executed, I noticed that our infantry and artillery were retiring at the same time that a heavy fire was being poured into our right, and almost into our rear. Receiving no orders to retire, made the change of position of the battery to the left, and opened fire on the enemy now fast approaching; but I soon found it impossible to do more without losing the whole battery, and ordered it limbered to the rear, and to retire into the cedar thicket, now being cut off from the road we came in the day previous. Being principally in the rear of our retiring forces, was subject to a heavy fire from the enemy following our retreat, and having all, except one horse that moved my 6-pounder smooth-bore gun, shot, was compelled to leave it, also one caisson belonging to the 10-pounder Parrott gun, containing about fifty rounds of amunition. The remainder of the battery we succeeded in saving; some of the carriages moved out with two horses, having had over half my horses killed and crippled. Fired during the day four hundred and ninety-three rounds of ammunition, losing two men killed and one wounded. Early on the morning of January 1, 1863, reported to General Negley the Parrott gun, and sent on the field in charge of Lieutenant Spence. I then took the remainder of the battery, now unserviceable, to the rear; at the same time procuring 22 rounds of Parrott ammunition, and was subsequently ordered to move the unserviceable portion of the battery to Nashville, which I did, and immediately returned; but while on the road was attacked, and lost the rear chests of one caisson. Lieutenant Spence was placed on the left centre for a short time; then receiving orders to move to the right, and take position with Marshall's battery, where he remained until about 12 o'clock m., January 2, when ordered to move to the left centre, and take position as on the day previous. About 4 p. m., a heavy force of the enemy was discovered moving on our left and front, driving in our skirmishers. He immediately ordered shell to be fired into him as rapidly as possible, and at the same time receiving a heavy crossfire from the enemy's artillery. Not long after, the batteries on his right and left retired, and retired about forty yards to the rear; found that the limber contained about 10 rounds of shell and few canister; immediately ordered the gun to its former position, using all the shell, and reporting the same to Captain Loure; was ordered to remain and use the canister in case a second attack was made; but the enemy being repulsed and driven beyond their intrenchments, he retired, moving the gun about one-fourth of a mile to the rear. Forty-two rounds of ammunition was expended, receiving little damage except a few horses wounded. On the morning of the 3d I failed to procure ammunition, and remained as on the night previous. Early on the morning of the 4th procured seventy-five rounds of ammunition, and reported to Colonel Miller, who ordered me to move to the left centre, and placed my gun in position with Marshall's battery. About 3 o'clock p. m. was ordered to advance on IMurfreesboro', and moved about one mile, and re

Page  89 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 89 mained during the night. Early on the morning of the 5th forded the river, and passed through Murfreesboro'. I take great pleasure in referring to the valuable assistance rendered by Lieutenant Spence, whose heroic bravery inspired the men with courage, and his conduct is deserving of public commendation. My non-commissioned officers and privates deported themselves like veterans who fight for the cause of their country. Our loss in killed was two-Godfrey Hautt, 9th Ohio volunteer infantry, on detached duty with the battery; Lewis Sagers, 78th Pennsylvania, on detached duty with the battery. Wounded, one-Milton Crawhorn. A. A. ELLSWORTH, Lieutenant Commanding Hewitt's Battery, Kentucky Volunteer Artillery. W. H. CIrT, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 7th Brigade, 8th Division, 14ft Army Corps. HEADQUARTERS 1ST BRIGADE, 1ST DIVISION, CENTRE, Near ilurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 9, 1863. I have the honor to submit the following report of the part borne by my command in the engagements before Murfreesboro' on the 31st December and three succeeding days. At daylight we left our bivouac and moved about a mile to the front, and formed the second line of your division, two regiments extending into the cedar thicket on the right, and the left extending to the Murfreesboro' and Nashville pike. My line was disposed from right to left in the following order: 10th Wisconsin volunteers, Colonel A. R. Chapin; 94th Ohio, Colonel J. W. Frizell; 38th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel D. F. Griffin; 33d Ohio, Captain E. J. Ellis; 2d Ohio, Lieutenant Colonel John Kell. Having just finished loading arms, I received your orders to proceed, in double-quick time, to the assistance of the right wing, and to follow the 17th brigade, on the Pioneer road, into the woods. When the 17th brigade halted in the woods, I was ordered by General Thomas to move to the right, and soon after formed my line of battle near the Willinson pike, when we were opened upon by the enemy's battery. When near this position, the 33d and 2d Ohio were, by your order, detached and moved back near to the position we first occupied, to support our batteries stationed there, and nobly did they defend them; for soon after the enemy fiercely charged theml and were handsomely repulsed, the 2d Ohio capturing the colors of the 30th Arkansas-a victory dearly bought, by the loss of the gallant Lieutenant Colonel Kell, commanding. From near the Wilkinson pike I was ordered to move back, in great haste, to near our position on the Nashville pike, which order was faithfully obeyed. My right had just emerged from the woods, when the enemy, which had just been repulsed in their efforts to take the batteries before mentioned, were seen retreating in disorder in a northwesterly direction through a narrow neck of woods, and were opened upon by the 94th Ohio and the two right companies of the 38th Indiana. I then threw my skirmishers forward, and advanced about six hundred yards into the woods, where my lines became masked by General Negley's division, who were falling back under a heavy fire from the enemy, who appeared to be advancing from a point south of the direction taken by their retreating column. I opened my line to permit that portion of General Negley's command who had expended their ammunition to pass through which was done in good order, a portion of them forming in my rear. Here the 94th Ohio was ordered to the pike, leaving me

Page  90 90 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. but two regiments, 38th Indiana and 10th Wisconsin, the former now on the right. General Negley having halted his regiments some twenty-five paces obliquely in front of my line, I wheeled my right under heavy fire to connect with him. Here I appeared to be nearly surrounded, a heavy column turning my left, to prevent which I ordered the 10th Wisconsin to change front to the rear on their first company, thereby forming a right angle with the 38th Indiana volunteers. This position was scarcely taken when the enemy came down on us in great fury; they appeared to be massed in several lines, and their heads seemed to be in terraces not twenty-five yards before us. For twenty minutes these two regiments maintained their ground, completely checking the advance of the enemy's column. Here the 38th Indiana lost their brave Captain J. E. Fouts, besides nearly one-third their number in killed and wounded. Lieutenant Colonel D. Griffin and Major Glover both had their horses shot under them and their clothing perforated by balls. The 10th Wisconsin nobly vied with their comrades on the right, and I am convinced that both regiments would have suffered extermination rather than have yielded their ground without orders. But the order came, and we fell back and formed on the pike fronting the woods, but the enemy did not venture to follow us further than the skirts of the timber. Having reformed my brigade, I soon after advanced my right to the woods from which we had just emerged, deploying skirmishers from the 94th Ohio, through the neck of the timber, with my left resting on the pike. Here we remained the rest of the day under the fire of the enemy's sharpshooters, and ever and anon the shot and shell fiom their batteries on our left fell among us. A ball from the former struck Colonel Frizell on the shoulder, so wounding him that he was borne from the field on which he had nobly performed his duty. At 4 o'clock on the morning of the first of January you ordered me to take my command back to a point on the pike, near the place we occupied before the battle, in order.that they might build fires and warm themselves and get something to eat. Upon receiving your caution to protect myself from an attack on the left, and from your allusion to a ford in that direction, I ordered Lieutenant Alex. Martin, assistant inspector general on my staff, and Lieutenant M. Allen, topographical engineers, to reconnoitre the position. Upon their reporting the feasibility of the crossing, I ordered Lieutenant Martin to conduct the 2d Ohio, Major McCook, to the position. Soon after, firing was heard in this direction, andt a stampede occurred among the wagons and hospitals. I ordered the 10th Wisconsin to support the 2d Ohio, and placed them behind the embankment of the railroad. These dispositions had scarcely been made when your order came for me to hurry to the front again with my command. Having obeyed this order, and after some manoeuvring, we were placed in position. the 33d Ohio extending across the neck of woods into which my right threw out skirmishers the evening before, with a battery on the right and left, commanding the fields on either side of the woods. On the right of the 33d Ohio came the 94th Ohio and 38th Indiana in the edge of the undergrowth on the crest of the slope from the field west of the Nashville pike. On the right of the 38th Indiana was another battery. The 10th Wisconsin and 2d Ohio were held in reserve, in order,to re-enforce any part of the line that was menaced. This position was maintain( d without material change during the subsequent days of the fight. Our skirmishers were kept out during the time, and employed in discovering and dislodging the sharpshooters, who, during the hours of daylight, almost continuously annoyed us. I cannot too highly praise Captain Ellis, commanding 33d Ohio, for the vigilance of himself and men in their exposed position in the woods. At times the enemy from the woods below would essay to advance, when every man would be at his post, and often the batteries would open upon them. While here Captain Ellis had his horse shot under him. Breastworks of logs and rocks had been constructed to protect the line; also a few rifle-pits dug.

Page  91 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 91 On the evening of the 2d, when the enemy so vigorously attacked our left, the moving of their forces in that direction could be seen from my position, which fact was promptly reported. I caused my skirmishers to advance and take precaution against demonstration upon my position; the attempt was made just before dark, the enemy forming in the edge of the woods in our front, where Captain Cox's 10th Indiana battery, on the right of the 33d Ohio, opened his fire upon them, driving them back. I deem it improper to close this report without commending in high terms the manner in which my command bore the hardships of this terrible conflict. They suffered from cold, rain, fatigue, and hunger, without a murmur. These attributes, when added to their bravery, make soldiers of which the country may be proud. I also feel it my duty to praise the courage and efficiency of my staffLieutenant Fitzwilliam, acting assistant adjutant general and aide-de-camp; Lieutenant Martin, inspector, who was wounded above the knee by a shell; Lieutenant George H. Hollister, acting assistant commissary of subsistence, missing, after displaying great gallantry in his transmission of your orders to me; Lieutenant Mundy Allen, topographical engineers-all of whom have endeared themselves to me by their prompt and intelligent performances of their appropriate duties. I would, in an especial manner, mention the name of one of my orderlies, Josiah F. Mitchell, company B, 33d Ohio volunteers, who displayed marked courage and intelligence. I went into the fight with 1,646 officers and men, minus two companies, 33d Ohio, under Major Ely, 10th Wisconsin, who were detached to guard the train. My losses are: KILLED. WOUNDED Regiments - o Officers. Men Officers Men.. 38th Indiana volunteers. Capt J E. Fouts.. 14 Lt. S W. Hawlkins. 84 8 3 Lt. M. T. Davis- 33d Ohio volunteers,. --. 2.. —. -—. 2 19 4 2d Ohio volunteers - Lt. Col. John Kell. 9 Capt. Hazlett _. 29 3 Capt. Maxwell -. — Lt Van Horn - Capt. Steel..-l — 94th Ohio volunteers.-. 2 Col. Frizell. —. -I 25 29 10th Wisconsin volunt'rs...... 3. 3 Capt. J. W. Roby 15 6 Total —------ - 2 30 8 1172 45: Wounded. For list of names of killed and wounded see accompanying paper. Your obedient servant, R. F. SCRIBNER, Colonel 38th Indiana Volunteers, Commanding 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Cumberland. Captain M. C. TAYLOR, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

Page  92 92 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. NINTH BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION, Camp at Murfreesboro', January 7, 1863. COLONEL: I have the honor to report, briefly, the part taken by the 2d regiment Ohio volunteers, il the action of the 31st of December, 1862, and the following days On the morning of the 31st, after being ordered into the woods on our right centre, with the balance of the brigade, and before being engaged, Lieutenant Colonel Kell, then in command of the regiment, was ordered by Captain McDurel, assistant adjutant general on Major General Rousseau's staff, in person, to leave the position assigned us in the woods, and move to the support of Captain Guenther's battery H, United States artillery, then stationed on the left of the main Murfreesboro' turnpike. He did so without, I believe, reportng to you, as the. exigency of the case would not admit of it. The regiment was formed on the fank of the battery, and, in conjunction with it, succssfully repulsed the efforts of a brigade to cap ture it, killing and wounding many of the enemy, and capturing about thirty prisoners and a stand of colors belonging to the 30th regiment Arkansas volunteer infantry. At this time you made your appearance, from the woods with the balance of the brigade, and from that time, until we occupied this place, we were under your eye. Our loss was eleven officers and men killed and thirty-four officers and men wounded; among the former, Lieutenant Colonel John Kell, commanding the regiment, and First Lieutenant Richard Chambers, company F; among the latter First Lieutenant Lafayette Van Horn, company I, mortally, and Captains Maxwell and Hazlett severely. I cannot refrain from expressing my regret at the loss of Lieutenant Colonel Kell and Lieutenant Chambers, particularly the former. Brave, competent, and energetic, he had proven himself on several occasions well qualified for the position he held. His death is greatly to be deplored, and his loss will be severely felt by the regiment. With a very few exceptions the regiment behaved well, and at some future time I will particularly recommend deserving men for promotion. I have the honor to be, A. G. McCOOK, Major 2d Ohio Volunteers, Commanding. Colonel B. F. SCRIBNER, Commanding 9th Brigade. HEADQUARTERS 38TH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS, On the field, in front of Murfreesboro', January 4, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report the following as the part taken by my command in the action of December 31 in front of Murfreesboro', and subsequent operations in the field since that date. At daylight on the morning of December 31, the command occupying the centre of your brigade moved to the front on the Nashville turnpike, and about eight o'clock a. m. moved, through a dense cedar forest, towards the right wing of the army, which was then hotly engaged by the enemy. After manoeuvring for about an hour we were ordered to retire, left in front through the same forest, to near the position first occupied'on the right of the pike in the timber. Here the enemy was discovered in strong force on our right and rear, charging towards the turnpike. The command was, by your order, immediately faced by the rear rank, and moved down on the flank of the enemy, who was now retiring before a column of our troops, moving from the pike. In this movement the 94th Ohio was on our right, and the 10th Wisconsin was on our left. Company H, Captain Poindexter, commanding,

Page  93 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 93 and company B, First Lieutenant Lenace commanding, were deployed forward as skirmishers, moving steadily on the skirmishers of the enemy, capturing six of them, who were sent to the rear. Continuing our movements about 600 yards, we met the left of General Negley's command, who were now retiring before a heavy column of the enemy, and moved into position to their support. The left of this command having passed to the rear through our ranks, their centre came into postion on our right, and some sixty yards to the front. By your command the battalion was wheeled to the left, and moved fdrward with our left, now our right, joining their line. Before we were fairly in position, the enemy opened a heavy fire, and the troops on our right fell back, leaving the left of the battalion, now the right, exposed. I then moved the line by the flank, striving to continue the connexion. The enemy now opening on our line, we at once faced to the front, and kept up a continuous fire for the space of twenty minutes, checking the enemy's advance, and holding him in check until your orders to retire to the pike were received. This was done in order, forming there on the right of the 2d Ohio volunteers. The enemy now appearing in force on the front, by your order we changed front forward on left company and advanced into the cornfield in front of the Chicago Board of Trade Battery. Lying down, in this position we remained fiom two o'clock p. m. until dark, exposed to the fire of the enemy from the woods in front, awaiting their expected advance, night closing the engagement; we lay in this position, with pickets advanced, until daylight, when we were relieved and retired to the woods in our rear. At half past seven o'clock the engagement again opened on the front, when, by your orders, we moved forward on the double quick and were assigned to position on the right to support Guenther's battery. In this position we have remained to present date, exposed to the fire of the enemy's sharpshooters and from their batteries on the front. In the engagement of December 31 the command lost, in killed, Captain James E. Fouts and thirteen men. Wounded and missing, supposed to be in the enemy's hospital, three men wounded, and in our hospital, Second Lieutenant M. T. Davis, company C, Second Lieutenant Thomas S. W. Hawkins, company I, and eightyone men: total killed 14, wounded 86. For list of names of killed and wounded I respectfully refer you to accompanying report. I cannot close without commending, for their coolness and bravery on the field, each officer and soldier of my command engaged during the five days. Though suffering at times severely from cold, hunger, rain, and fatigue, yet not a murmur was heard nor a duty flinched from. To Major J. B. Glover I am indebted for every support in command of the skirmishers, and during the hottest of the fight he was ever at his post; his horse received two wounds, himself barely escaping. My adjutant, George H. Devol, was ever on the alert, and renderd much valuable assistance. Of our chaplain, Rev. L. E. Caison, too much cannot be said. In his attention and devotion to the wounded he was untiring, making this his especial duty. We have the satisfaction of knowing that all were cared for properly and efficiently. In the death of Captain Fouts we lament the loss of a brave officer, a true patriot, and a warm friend. Very respectfully, D. F. GRIFFIN, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 3Sth Regiment Indiana Volunteers. GEOR(E 11. DEVOL, A. A. A.-G. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, " Centre."

Page  94 94 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS 94TH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEERS, Army of the Cumberland, in the field. In obedience to orders from headquarters, I have the honor to forward the following report of the part taken in the battle of Wednesday, December 31, 1862, and the following days, by the 94th regiment. My command, forming part of the 9th brigade, was ordered to move forward towards Murfreesboro', on the Nashville and Murfreesboro' pike. After marching about one and a half (1-) mile, we turned to the right and went a quarter of a mile, and halted in the woods. After waiting a short period we were again moved forward to the right and front in double quick, halted, formed in line of battle, and for the first time came unler fire of the enemy. Shells bursting over and around us, soon we were ordered to move to the right. After marching a short distance we were halted. Remaining in that position about twenty minutes, we were again ordered to move by the right. We then marched towards the Murfreesboro' pike, and halted at the edge of the woods. At the time the enemy left the woods and charged one of our batteries. The foe broke and fled precipitately. We commenced firing on pur right, and threw company B out as skirmishers on our left. We were then ordered into the open field in line, halted, and delivered several rounds at the retreating foe. Received orders to fix bayonets, which done, we moved in double quick across the field, following the enemy. We halted at the edge of the woods, remaining but a short time; threw oat company G as skirmishers, advanced into the woods about seventy-five yards, and halted. After remaining here for some time we received orders to move out to the right and up to the top of the hill, which we did, passing one of our batteries there; from this point we crossed the pike, forming in line along the east side. From this point I was ordered back to bring up ammunition. The regiment remained here about thirty minutes. We had several wounded at this point by the enemy's artillery. The regiment was then ordered forward, over the crest of the hill and into the woods, by order of General Rousseau. Companies B and G were advanced from this point as skirmishers; they were soon brought in, and the whole command marched by the left flank to join on the right of the 38th Indiana, then in the open field. In this position we were ordered to lie down. Many of our men were wounded by the enemy's sharpshooters. We did not remain long in this position, but returned to the woods, and after a very brief stay we were ordered out again, but not quite so far advanced, and less exposed to the sharpshooters. Shortly after this our gallant colonel, whose cheerful courage and constantly encouraging presence had contributed effectively to the calmness and prompt obedience of the entire command, was severely wounded, and instantly carried from the field. At this juncture the command fell for a short time upon Major King. Our left here joined on the right of the 3Sth Indiana; this position we held during the night, throwing out pickets to the front. No disturbance occurred of any importance. On Thursday, January 1, 1863, 5 a. m., we were ordered to report ourselves on the Murfreesboro' pike, which being done, we were marched back to about the position we started from the morning before; but we did not have long to remain at this point. We had hardly stacked arms and broken ranks till we heard that familiar sound, "Fall in." We were marched back again towards Murfreesboro' in double quick. After going about one mile we were ordered off to the right of the pike, and formed into line. Soon General McCook ordered us over to the left of the pike; we were, however, soon ordered back to the point at which we left the pike; at which place we were formed into column -of companies, then marched forward to the right and front, to the crest of a hill, and halted facing south, formed a line in a few moments. We were ordered to change

Page  95 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 95 front forward on first company, which being done, we marched forward, and were halted in the edge of a thicket. Here we remained till 3 p. m., when we were pushed to the further edge of the thicket, facing southwest. During the night and day following we threw up breastworks of such material as was at hand. On the evening following (January 2) we threw out heavy pickets, and this position we occupied, with nothing to disturb us, excepting the annoyance of the enemy's sharpshooters, until January 5, when ordered to March. During the five days we were on the field, among those wounded was Captain Steele, bold and brave, who, though suffering fiom severe sickness, commanded his company with praiseworthy success until removed from the field. The officers, without exception, acted well their parts, and in perfect concert.. The men, obedient and prompt, were easy to command, and are worthy of high commendation. Of our chaplain, Rev. William Allington, I do not think too much can be said. I wish there were more such in our army. He followed the regiment wherever it went, picking up the wounded, and carrying them off the field; and after we were through with a day's fight, he would spend his nights at the hospitals administering to the wounded. The above report is as near correct as I am able to make it. Yours, most respectfully, S. A. BASSFORD, Lieut. Col., Commanding 94th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Colonel B. F. SCRIBNER, Commanding 9th Brigade, 3d Division. HEADQUARTERS TENTH WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, Camp at MIurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 9, 1863. SIR: I would most respectfully report that at 12 o'clock m., December 30, 1862, the 18th regiment Wisconsin volunteer infantry, with the other regiments of the brigade, had arrived at a point on the Nashville and Murfreesboro' pike, three and one-half miles from Murfreesboro'. Heavy skirmishing was going on at the time in the cedar wood to the right of the pike. We did not get engaged that day. At 7 o'clock a. m., December 31, we got under arms, and shortly after moved on the pike towards MIurfreesboro' about one-half mile. We then moved towards the wood on the right, and soon engaged the enemy. After some hot work they gradually retired, followed up by our brigade. About this time the 2d Ohio and 33d Ohio were detached, and my regiment,. with the 38th Indiana and 94th Ohio, continued to advance under a pretty hot skirmish fire. After having advanced some distance we were attacked by a strong force, which we held for some time until we began to receive a flank fire from the right. Orders were received to retire behind the line of the 17th brigade, which we did; and as I was about to get my regiment into line, I saw that the 17th brigade was also retiring. I moved to the rear with them and formed my line on their right and the left of Loomis's battery. There I remained. until retired by your order about daylight the next morning. At about 7 o'clock on the morning of the 1st January we were again moved: rapidly forward on the pike to near our old position, where we remained all through the battle, but did not have any general engagement with the enemyafter the 31st December. I went into the battle with eleven officers and two hundred and fifty men. My loss is three killed, one officer slightly wounded, fifteen enlisted men wounded, and six missing.

Page  96 96 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. My loss would probably have been much larger, but the nature of the ground where we were engaged in the woods was such that the men had some protection. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, A. R. CHAPIN, Colonel 10th Regiment Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. ACTING ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL, 9th Brigade. HEADQUARTERS SECOND BRIGADE, Fir.'t Division, Murfreesboro', rTennessee, January 9, 1863. SIR: In the recent engagement before Murfreesboro' the casualties in my brigade were as follows: Third Ohio infantry, Lieutenant Colonel Lauson commanding.-Enlisted men killed, 17; wounded, 65; missing, 23; commissioned officers wounded, 1. Total, 106. Fifteenth Kentucky volunteer infantry, Colonel J. B. Foreman commanding.Commanding officers killed, 2; wounded, 1; missing, 1. Enlisted men killed, 8; wounded, 31; missing, 17. Total, 60. Forty-second Indiana volunteer infantry, Lieutenant Colonel Shanklin commanding.-Commanding officers wounded, 6; missing, 2. Enlisted men killed, 17; wounded, 75; missing, 32. Total, 132. Eighty-eighth Indiana volunteer infantry, Colonel George Humphrey commanding.-Commanding officers wounded, 4. Enlisted men killed, 8; wounded, 47; missing, 19. Total, 78. First Michigan battery, Lieutenant Van Pelt commanding.-Enlisted men killed, 1; wounded, 10; missing, 2. Total, 13. Colonel Foreman, 15th Kentucky, was killed in the cedar woods on the morning of the 31st ultimo. He was a brave man and an excellent officer. Captain Bayne, of the same regiment, fell at the same time while urging his men forward. Lieutenant Colonel Shanklin, 42d Indiana volunteer infantry, was surrounded by a superior force on the morning of January 3, and taken by the enemy. Colonel George Humphrey, 88th Indiana, was wounded, on the night of January 3, in expelling the enemy from the woods in our front. He behaved gallantly throughout the fight. Captain L. S. Bell, 3d Ohio infantry, wounded at the same time, conducted himself with great courage. Lieutenant Colonel Lauson, 3d Ohio; Lieutenant Colonel Briant, 88th Indiana; Captain I. H. Bryant, 42d Indiana; Lieutenants Du Barry and Wildman, 88th Indiana; Lieutenant I. B. McRoberts, 3d Ohio; Lieutenants Harroll and Orr, 42d Indiana; Mr. James K. Patterson, Evansville, Indian, and Acting Assistant Adjutant General James S. Wilson, deserve especial praise. Colonel O. A. Loomis, Lieutenants Van Pelt and Hale, of the 1st Michigan battery, rendered most important service throughout the entire battle. No men could have conducted themselves with more courage and ability. There are other officers and men who should be mentioned favorably, but the reports of regimental commanders have failed to reach me, and it is impossible therefore to give them the credit they deserve. My brigade had three separate encounters with the enemy on the first day. On the second and third day it was in front a portion of the time. Skirmishing, on the night of the 3d of January, two regiments led by myself drove the enemy from their breastworks in the edge of the woods in our front. I trust the conduct of the brigade throughout may be satisfactory. I am, captain, very respectfully, JNO. BEATTY, Colonel, Commanding 2d Brigade. Captain M. C. TAYLOR, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 1st Division.

Page  97 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 97 HEADQUARTERS TWENTY-EIGHTH BRIGADE, Camp ct Jefferson, near Stone river, December 31, 1862. SIR: I have the honor to report that on the 30th instant the train of the 2Sth brigade, consisting of sixty-four wagons, loaded with camp equipage, stores, officers' baggage, knapsacks, &c., which was sent from Stewartsboro' at 8J a. m.for this point, unprotected save by the convalescents and a small guard left to the rear for protection, ten wagons loaded with rations, the head of the train had just arrived in camp, and while in process of being parked the rear and centre of the same was attacked by a portion of General Wheeler's cavalry brigade; while the remainder of his brigade, he being in command, as also a part of a brigade under command of Colonel Allen, advanced on both sides of the highway for the purpose of attacking the brigade force and destroying the whole train. The outposts and pickets, however, being on the alert, met the enemy at the front and held them in check until the brigade was formed and ready for battle. I immediately ordered the train at double quick to be parked, sent the 21st Wisconsin, under Colonel Hobard, to the front and to rear of train; ordered the 1st Wisconsin, Colonel Bingham, to deploy right and left from the centre as skirmishers, and to press forward; moved one regiment, the 24thIllinois, under Colonel Mihalotzy, to the bridge crossing the river together with one section of artillery, and then advanced to the front with the 79th Pennsylvania, Colonel Hambright, and two sections of artillery, 1st Kentucky, Captain Stone. My advance, the 21st Wisconsin, was soon hotly engaged, and being pressed severely by the enemy in front and on the left they passed to the right of the highway and occupied a hill, upon which was a log-house, giving them a good fighting position. The 2d Kentucky cavalry, Captain Craddock, about fifty strong, was then sent to the left and front to feel the enemy, and at once become engaged; the right wing of the 1st Wisconsin was rallied on the right, and placed in rear of the 1st section of artillery, which was then upon the hill occupied by the 21st Wisconsin, opening with shell. The 79th Pennsylvania was placed in rear of the left wing of the 1st Wisconsin, which was skirmishing to the front. One section of artillery opened upon the enemy in front as between my infantry on the right and left. The engagement at this time became general as between the enemy's 1st and 21st Wisconsin volunteer infantry and two sections of the 1st Kentucky battery, the enemy acting principally on foot, supported by two field howitzers. The enemy was, however, finally repulsed, and left the field after severe fighting, the engagement lasting two hours and ten minutes, the brigade following one and a half miles, when, deeming my rear unsafe, I ordered the command to retire, and went into camp on the north side of Stone river, near Jefferson. The enemy's force, as near as could be ascertained, was some thirty-five hundred strong; strength of my force was about one thousand seven hundred. The enemy's loss in killed, as learned from prisoners taken since the fight, was 83. Their loss in wounded must have been very severe; but as the wounded and dead were carried away mostly by the cavalry upon their horses, it is impossible to give their loss with certainty. Eight prisoners were taken and paroled, two of whom were mortally wounded. A lieutenant colonel of Wheeler's brigade was also mortally wounded. Casualties upon our side were as per recapitulation, the chief part of the loss being convalescents who were with the train when attacked. Twenty wagons from the rear of the train were taken and destroyed by fire, with the contents thereof, consisting of camp and garrison equipage, officers' and men's clothing, &c. The troops under my command acted with great coolness and braveryno flinching, no running, but the utmost coolness shown by all, adding another creditable mark to the old 28th brigade. Staff officers and orderlies carried Ex. Doc. - 7

Page  98 98 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. orders fearlessly to different parts of the field, entitling them to great credit and to my thanks. Yours, respectfully, JOHN C. STARKWEATHER, Colonel 1st Wisconsin Volunteers, Commanding 28th Brigade. Captain M. C. TAYLOR, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 3d Division. CASUALTIES. t Pv.. 79th Pennsylvania.. —..-. -..-.. --- ------—, —- 1 1 5 7 21st Wisconsin. —-- ---—. —--- -------. 1 3 37... 41 1st Wisconsin........................................ 4 13 3 20 1st Wisconsin..4 13 3 20 1st Kentucky battery.......... -.................... 1 1 2 24th Illinois volunteurs... —..... -. 52.... 52 1 8 104 9 122 NOTE -The missing are prisoners taken with train, most of them being convalescents, and will undoubtedly be paroled. HEADQUARTERS TWENTY-EIGHTH BRIGADE, Camp near Muwfreesboro', Tennessee, January 6, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report that on the 31st ultimo the 28th brigade left Jefferson, in accordance with orders, and reported at 5 p. m. for duty, bringing in one field howitzer, belonging to 5th Wisconsin battery, and some two hundred and fifty cavalry, of different regiments, as also many stragglers from infantry regiments, that were found on the Jefferson and Lavergne pike and roads adjacent thereto, who had participated in the fight in front cf Murfreesboro' that day or the day previous. On the 1st instant the brigade was manceuvred, changing positions, fronts, &c., &c., going into camp, formed in line, with battalions doubled on the centre, left resting on the Nashville and Murfreesboro' pike, right on the left of General Johnson's troops. The following morning the brigade was ordered by General Rousseau to deploy into line and advance to the front to the support of our batteries then in action. The change of position was made, and the gallant 28th brigade moved to the front to give such support with unflinching courage, amid a most tremendous rebel fire of solid shot and shell, and remained in such supporting position until another change was made, when it was sent to the extreme front and ordered to hold the same, which post it occupied, the 2d, 3d, and 4th changing position from time to time, as the nature of circumstances seemed to require, supporting batteries, pioneer corps, &c., in digging trenches; and although not brought into place where its own fire could be made to tell effectively, yet from the duties performed by it, under the continued and severe fire of shot and shell of he enemy, it is entitled to all praise. Casualties as per recapitulation. Yours, respectfully, JOHN C. STARKWEATHER, Colonel 1st Wisconsin, Commanding 28th Brigade. Captain M. C. TAYLOR, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 3d Division.

Page  99 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 99 Recapitulation of casualties. Killed. Wounded. Missing. Total. 24th Illinois volunteers.............. 1 3 0 4 79th Pennsylvania volunteers........ 2 8 0 10 1st Wisconsin volunteers............ 0 4 3 7 1st Kentucky battery............... 0 0 1 Total................... 3 16 3 22 HEADQUARTERS THIRD BRIGADE, Murfreesboro', Tenn., January 11, 1863. List oJ casualties in 28th brigade, December 30, 1862. 79th Pennsylvania.-Samuel Gruel, company A, prisoner; John Bowker, company B, Jacob Gongary, company H, Solomon Shupp, company I, and C. Kreider, company K, paroled prisoners; Thomas Leonard, company I, wounded; George Bolinger, company D, prisoner. 1st Wisconsin.-Privates E. Tweedy, Bernard Hook, company A, prisoners; Privates George Downing, Nicholas Pifer, company B, prisoners; Privates E. C. Wallace, Michael Flynn, company C, missing; Privates Gabriel Cornish, W. B. Baker, company D, missing; Private Henry Bloomer, company D, paroled prisoner; Private John Ames, company E, missing; Private Henry Holderness, company E, paroled prisoner; Private S. W. Peterson, company F, wounded; Privates Lucius E. Knowles, Amos Greengo, company G, prisoners; Private Frank Davis, paroled prisoner; Sergeant Waldo Tibbetts, Private Harvey Arnold, company I, wounded; Corporal Freeman H. Farr, company K, wounded and paroled; Privates Francis M. Ruth, company K, and Alexander McDonald, company I, missing. 21st Wisconsin.-Private B. S. Turney, company D, killed; Private Charles Goutermont, company F, wounded; Lieutenant A. B. Smith, company I, wounded; Corporal P. A. Maloney, company A, wounded; Corporal A. Peck,. Privates James A Washburn, J. B. Corey, company A; Corporal F. E. Wickwire, Privates A. Grignon, John Brockway, company B; Private Thomas Hewitt, corn pany C; Corporal Sylvester Greely, Privates Miles H. Fenno, J. W. Recksford, James Walcot, company D; Privates Christopher Johnston, Hiram Taylor, company E; Corporals C. C. Currier, B. F. Phelps, Privates William R. Bills, L. Holland, Frank Lewis, Sterling S. Ross, Charles Sabin, J. J. Smith, John Smith, William J. Smith, Llewellyn Shurtleff, D. S. Thayer, company F; Privates Thomas Tohill, William Bolman, Musician William Hilse, company H; Captain S. B. Nelson, First Sergeant James H. Hodges, Sergeant James M. Tendell, Privates J. C. Prouty, Rudolph Staunton, Silas Lovely, A. F. Ham, Henry Cain, and Benjamin Miles, company I, missing. 1st Kentucky battery.-Privates L. W. Joice and C. McCarty, prisoners. 24th Illinois.-Lieutenant Henry Wendt, quartermaster; Corporals Jacob Metzler, G. Reitsch, Privates Jacob Kinn, Henry Elend, Frederick Brink, company A; Corporal Simon Hang, Privates John Kensing, A. Berchtold, Frank Miller, A. Goerhtz, company B; Corporal C. Ahlheim, Privates Adam Kaemnerer, Joseph Degouecey, Charles Gans, Henry Diesback, company C; Sergeant Louis Rosenstrel, Corporal Max Schoele, Privates Nicholas Schneiderr

Page  100 100 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Mathial Kill, John Rahler, company D; Privates George Buergle, Frederick Buehrer, Ernest Mieth, August Alp, company E; Corporal Mathias Kunst, Privates Hachenberg, Christopher Klas, George Zuellig, John Goosen, company F; Privates Edward Ewers, Philip Enders, Eberhard Weinrich, Henry A. Mueller, Christopher Pfetzing, company G; Privates Jacob Stoetzler, Ferdinand Ochs, Frederick Paulson, C. Schmidt, Peter Roth, H. Beste, August Gsoell, company H; Privates Adam Simon, C. Bergmann, Joseph Schmidt, John Ring, C. Lanz, company I; Corporal M. Eisenback, Privates Louis Buechen, Philip Pollack, Joseph Dollinger, and Rudolph Willmer, paroled prisoners. Recapitulation. Killed. Wounded. Missing. Total. 79th Pennsylvania..................... 1 6 7 1st W isconsin........................ 4 16 20 24th Illinois........................... 53 53 21st Wisconsin.................... 1 3 37 41 1st Kentucky battery................ 2 2 1 8 114 123 H. A. HAMBRIGHT, Colonet 79th Pennsylvania Commanding. C. A. SEARLES, Lieutenant and A. A. A. G. Respectfully, JOHN C. STARKWEATHER, Colonel 1st Wisconsin Volunteers, Commanding 28th Brigade. Captain M. C. TAYLOR, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 1st Division. HEADQUARTERS BRIGADE UNITED STATES REGULAR TROOPS, THIRD DIVISION, (ROUSSEAU'S,) CENTRE FOURTH ARMY CORPS, Camp at Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. SIR: I have the honor, respectfully, to report the operations of this brigade, under my orders during the recent five days' battle before this place. The brigade on going into action consisted of first battalion, 15th infantry, United States army, comprising 16 officers and 304 enlisted men for duty, Major King commanding. First battalion, 16th infantry, United States army, and company B, second battalion, same regiment attached, comprising 15 officers and 293 enlisted men, Major Slemmer commanding; company H, battery, 5th artillery, United States army, comprising 3 officers and 120 enlisted men for duty, Captain Guenther commanding. First battalion, 18th infantry, United States army, and companies A and D, third battalion, same regiment attached, comprising 16 officers and 272 enlisted men, Major Caldwell commanding. Second battalion, 18th infantry, United States army, and companies B, C, E, and F, third battalion, same regiment attached, comprising 16 officers and 298 enlisted men, Major Townsend commanding. Six companies, A, B, C, D, E, and F, first battalion, 19th, United States army, comprising 10 officers and 198 enlisted men, Major Carpenter commanding. Making a total of 77 officers and 1,485 enlisted men, not including the staff

Page  101 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 101 officers and commanding officer of the brigade, four in number, and one acting sergeant major, (Commissary Sergeant Gill, third battalion.) The balance of the brigade, including the sick, were left behind to guard the brigade and battalion trains, where they did good service, under the respective battalion quartermasters, in repelling the attacks of the enemy's cavalry, saving thereby the entire trains of the brigade. The musicians were under the orders of the various surgeons. The brigade, thus constituted and in the order enumerated, went first into action under your eye and general supervision at about half-past 9 o'clock a. m., on the 31st December, 1862, forming line in the dense cedar forest to the right of the turnpike and railroad, with design of succoring the right wing of the army under Major General McCook. After being placed partially in quick time in position and line the rebel enemy attacked briskly the two battalions, 15th and 16th, on the right of the battery. On observing that the battery and the three battalions to the left were separated from and not in view of these two battalions, I sent my acting adjutant general, Lieutenant Sutherland, with orders to Major King to take the command on the right, while I proceeded towards the centre and left of the brigade to bring them into this contest, which was shortly terminated by the 15th and 16th being forced to retire with considerable loss, not, however, without having checked the advance of the enemy, who soon succeeded in possessing the flank by their long extended line, and having at first been deceived by the enemy, who advanced dressed in American uniform, and without firing till within a short distance, supported by a heavy line behind.-(See official report of Captain J. Fulmer, commanding first battery, 15th infantry.) A regiment, believed to be the 6th Ohio volunteers, withstood the fire of the enemy along with these two battalions. On arriving on the left of the brigade, I found that the battery had fortunately received your orders to retire by the same narrow cut in the cedar forest by which the brigade first entered. The three battalions of the 18th and 19th were directed to accompany this movement just in time to save the battery from capture and under fire of the advancing enemy. In this first conflict in the cedar forest Captain Bell, of the 15th, was killed, and Captain Yorke and Lieutenant Occleston, 15th, severely wounded, and also about 8 enlisted men were killed and 42 wounded. After emerging from the cedar forest the battalions of the brigade drew up in their proper positions to the right and left of the battery, which had taken position, from which, by its effective fire, the advancing lines of the enemy were driven back and dispersed from view in the forest. While waiting in this position, the enemy's batteries to the front, along the turnpike and railroad, were throwing shot and shell upon our ground, by which Captain Dennison. second battalion, 18th, lost his leg, and the heroic first sergeant, George F. White, of company F, third battalion, his life; other men of the brigade were also killed and wounded. At about 12 m. the brigade, including the battery, were again directed to advance to the front along the railroad and turnpike, and after reaching the further side of the open ground was suddenly directed to the right, to enter again the cedar forest to sustain troops which were receding, exhausted of ammunition. This movement was made in pursuance of orders directly from yourself and Major Genewl Thomas. The brigade being halted just along the edge of the forest, the battery was ordered to retake the former slightly elevated site near the railroad. The brigade having the battalion of the 19th shifted at the request of its commanding officer, Major Carpenter, from extreme left to position in line, between the battalions of the 15th and 16th, was projected about fifty yards into the dense cedar forest towards the enemy, and after allowing our retiring regi

Page  102 102 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. ments to pass through the line to the rear, the fire was opened in return to that of the pursuing enemy. The excellence of the firing by file by all the battalions of the brigade could not be excelled, and was terrifying and destructive to the enemy, who were brought to a stand for about twenty minutes. During this stubborn combat most of our losses in killed and wounded took place; Major Slemmer, commanding 16th, wounded at its commencement. The enemy's lines extending, however, beyond both flanks of the brigade, enabled them to pour an incessant fire from three directions, the front and left and right flanks; and the brigade being supported by any other forces on either flank and having secured the required time for the receding regiments to reform, I thought it proper to order a retreat, which was probably quite long enough deferred. Just after the order to retreat was given a regiment came up in line in the open field on the extreme right of the brigade, but its fire, though brisk, came too late, and was unavailing against so large a force as filled the forest, three lines being discernible. It is proper here to remark that notwithstanding the loss in the brigade had been nearly half its strength, the battalions evidently gave ground with reluctance, probably not having looked to such result and being too much engaged to know the full extent of their losses. The retreat of the brigade across the open field was done handsomely and with as much order as was desirable, having view to prevent further loss of life. On this retreat Major King, commanding the 15th, and Captain Douglass, acting field officer of the first battalion, 18th infantry, were wounded, causing them both to retire to the hospital. The brigade was at this time re-formed in line near the railroad, in proper place to the right and left of the battery, as directed in previous orders for the formation in line of battle, and in this position remained the balance of the day and during the following day, within reach of the enemy's cannon. In this last terrific combat in the cedar forest many brave men and officers perished. Four officers killed and eighteen wounded, and seventy-eight enlisted men killed, and four hundred and thirty enlisted men wounded, exclusive of the missing. At the moment of retreating a few steps, the brave and gallant Major Carpenter, commanding the 19th infantry, fell from his horse with six mortal wounds, regretted by all who knew him. The left wing of the brigade, 1st and 2d battalions, 18th infantry, was during the remainder of the battle committed mostly to Major Townsend, the right wing deprived of its field officers, requiring, as I thought, more of my attention. About the middle of the afternoon an extended line of men was discovered far to our front, advancing with our national colors, and having passed over a slight rise descended into a corresponding depression, partially concealing them, when a white flag with a dark ball in its centre was substituted, after which they unfurled the rebel flag. Whereupon Captain Guenther directed the fire of his battery, causing the line to break in double quick time to their left flank and disappear into the cedar forest. Though occasionally visited by the enemy's shot but little heed was given to it, and thus closed the action of the brigade the first day, being the last of the year, the 31st of December, 1862. During the night our wounded were gathered together as far as the enemy's pickets would permit. A short time before daybreak of new year's day the brigade retired, according to orders, to a point in the rear of the commanding general's headquarters, to meet an attack on our right. Some shiftings of position took place till about 2 o'clock p. m., when it marched towards Stewart's creek, and on arriving near there it was ordered back in double-quick time, which being

Page  103 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 103 executed, and night coming on, the brigade bivouacked on the left of the road way and near the commanding general's headquarters. On the third day, the 2d instant, the brigade marched before breakfasting to the front to meet the enemy's attack, and we retained this position during the day and following night, the battery assisting to silence the enemy's batteries, and effect the repulse of the enemy in their attack on the left wing of the army under General Crittenden in the afternoon. On the 3d inst., the fourth day, the brigade and battery moved forward to the stand-point of the first day, the 31st of December, 1862, where slight embankments were thrown up, principally by the men of the brigade, and encamped within them, though rendered almost untenable by heavy rains, which filled them partially with water and made the adjoining ground miry. As this day closed, and at dark, a severe attack was made by some portion of the division upon the enemy in front, which resulted in gaining possession of the enemy's first line of breastworks for a time, and subsequently abandoned them, owing to exhausted ammunition. On the 4th instant I reported at half past 7 a. m. that the enemy had evacuated our front. The brigade held the same position, employing the day and following night in the sad duty of collecting our dead, who were interred with military honors just in front of our intrenchments and on the stand-point of the brigade and battery, maintained from the first till the last day's conflict. The heavy rains on the 2d and 3d instants covered this position and the trenches with mud and water, in which the whole brigade had to stand or recline while seeking to obtain a little rest. Not a murmur escaped the lip in all this trying and painful as well as arduous and dangerous service. On the contrary, cheerfulness and alacrity were evident on the countenances, and this while subsistence was so scarce as to force a consumption of horses killed in the battle. It is hoped that the bearing and whole career of this brigade of regular troops during the five days' conflict were of a character to meet the approbation of the major general commanding the division. The brigade was not without the ambition of deserving also the commendation of Major General Thomas, commanding the centre, whose experience has been so successful and so long, and likewise of the commander-in-chief, whose uniform success inspired confidence. In fine, the brigade having combatted so well we need hardly search for examples, but should rest satisfied that there are none to excel it in courageous action and mournful losses. Of 77 officers with the battalions 5 were killed and 21 wounded, some mortally; and of 1,366 enlisted men 90 men killed and 469 wounded, many mortally, besides 47 missing, supposed to be prisoners. The casualties of the battery were not so great, on account of its position and of its fire dispersing every line of the enemy approaching sufficiently near; at one time completely routing the 2d Arkansas rebel regiment, causing it to abandon its colors, which were picked up by skirmishers of the 2d regiment of Ohio volunteers before the officer sent for it reached the ground where the regiment was broken, and 22 rebel prisoners were taken during the day. Captain Gunther's battery attached could scarcely have been excelled for the skill and effectiveness of its fire, and the cool, brave conduct of its officers and men. For six days and nights the harness was never taken from the horses either for food or water, the horses being kept patiently on the alert at the pieces. Appended is a list of the officers killed and'wounded, and a consolidated report of the total killed and wounded. Also the reports of the chiefs of battalions and of the battery. They are admirably drawn and exhibit more minutely the operations of the particular commands, and are of great interest. The honor of this brave conduct of the brigade belongs properly to the chiefs of battalions and of the battery, respectively, Majors King, Carpenter, Plummer,

Page  104 104 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Townsend and Caldwell; and after Majors King and Plummer were wounded, and Major Carpenter was killed, to their successors, Captains Crofton, 16th, Fulmer, 15th, Mulligan, 19th infantry, and also to Captain Gunther, commanding company H, battery, 5th artillery. Great credit is reflected by the good condition of their respective commands. The brigade staff, Captain Kinney, quartermaster, 1st Lieutenant Mills, commissary, and 1st Lieutenant Sutherland, 18th infantry, acting adjutant general of the brigade, accompanied me into action with the brigade, and performed the duties of carrying orders and all the other duties required of them with courage, zeal and ability. Assistant Surgeon Lindsly, acting brigade surgeon, and Acting Surgeons Patton and Henderson were actively and zealously occupied at the various hospitals during the whole time. Dr. Lindsly visited at different times the field. Resting in the hope that this brigade, but recently organized, has displayed in this great battle of five days' duration a career worthy the approbation of the government and the cause in which engaged, I have the honor, respectfully, to subscribe myself, very truly, your humble servant, &c., 0. L. SHEPHERD, Lieutenant Colonel 18th Infantry, U. S. A., Commanding Brigade. Major General LOVELL H. ROSSEAU, Commanding 3d Division, Centre 14th Army Corps. List of commissioned officers killed and wounded. HEADQUARTERS BRIGADE UNITED STATES REGULAR TROOPS, Third Division, Centre 14th Army Corps, January 10, 1863. Killed.-Major S. D. Carpenter, 19th infantry; Captain William W. Wise, 15th infantry; Captain J. B. Bell, 15th infantry; Captain Charles L. Kneass, 1st battalion, 18th infantry; Second Lieutenant J. L. Hitchcock, 2d battalion, 18th infantry. Wounded.-Major John H. King, 15th infantry; Major A. J. Slemmer, 16th infantry, severely; Captain Joseph S. Yorke, 15th infantry, slightly; Captain Robert P. Barry, 16th infantry, severely; Captain John C. King, 16th infantry, severely; Captain Newton L. Dykeman, 16th infantry, slightly; Captain Henry Douglass, 1st battalion, 18th infantry, slightly; Captain D. L. Wood, 1st battalion, 18th infantry, slightly; Captain R. B. Hull, 1st battalion, 18th infantry, severely; Captain Charles E. Dennison, 2d battalion, 18th infantry, severely; Captain A. B. Thompson, 2d battalion, 18th infantry, severely; Captain Henry Haymond, 3d battalion, 18th infantry, slightly; First Lieutenant W. B. Occleston, 15th infantry; First Lieutenant W. H. Bartholomew, 16th infantry, severely; First Lieutenant John Power, adjutant 16th infantry, severely; First Lieutenant James C. Howland, 16th infantry, slightly; First Lieutenant Joseph McConnell, 1st battalion 18th infantry, severely; First Lieutenant Morgan L. Ogden, 2d battalion 18th infantry, severely; First Lieutenant James Simons, 2d battalion 18th infantry, severely; Second Lieutenant G. L. Carpenter, 1st battalion 18th infantry, severely; Second Lieutenant John J. Adan, 1st battalion 18th infantry, slightly. 0. L. SHEPHERD, Lieutenant Colonel 18th Infantry, United States Army, Commanding Brigade.

Page  105 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 105 Consolidated report of casualties in brigade U. S. regular troops, 3d division, " Centre" 14th Army Corps, in the five days' battles before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, commencing December 31, 1862, and ending January 4, 1863. Officers. Enlisted men. Horses. Regiment. Commanded by — d a s a e I [ I ss^ - 3 -a Brigade headquarters. Lt. Col. O. L. Shepherd 4 —- 1... Co. H, bat. 5th art.- 1st Lt. F. L. Guenther 3 -.. 120. 5 —. 5 8 5 1st bat. 15th infantry Capt. Jesse Fulmer..-. 16 2 3 304 10 74 215 101 1st bat. 16th infantry Capt. R. E. A. Crofton i5.. 7 293 16 147 - 16 159. Ist bat. 18th infantry Major J. N. Caldwell. 16 1 6 272 28 115 2 - 145.-. — 2d bat. 18th infantry Maj. Fred'kTownsend 16 1 5 298 30 98 3 2 133 - 1st bat. 19th infantry Capt. J. B. Mulligan-10 1 - 198 6 55.. 7 68 80 521 1,486 90194 7 10611 8 5 HEADQUARTERS BRIGADE U. S. REGULAR TROOPS, 3d Division, "Centre," 14th Army Corps, Camp at Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. 0. L. SHEPHERD, Lieut. Colonel 18th Infantry, Commanding Brigade. HEADQUARTERS FOURTH BRIGADE, FIRST DIVISION, FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, Camp at Murfreesboro', Tennessee, February 18, 1863. SIR: I desire respectfully to state that, owing in part to Captain H. Douglass, 1st battalion 18th infantry, not being a commander during the recent battle, I have forgotten him in my reports, therefore I desire respectfully to give an outline of his service. He was commander of the 1st battalion from its organization, in the fall of 1861, and continued so through all the trying campaign of Mill Springs, and up to the 26th of May, 1862, just before entering Corinth, and has ever since been acting field officer. In the performance of said duty he was distinguished in the battle of Perryville, and wounded in the great battle of Stone river, during the heavy conflict in the cedars, on the 31st December, 1862. Having his wound dressed, and with his arm in a sling, he reported for duty as the brigade moved to the front, on the 2d of January, but was directed shortly after to go again to the hospital. He has always been brave and zealous, and is again in command of his bat

Page  106 106 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. talion, which owes much of its instruction to him. I hope it may not be too late to have justice done him. I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, O. L. SHEPHERD, Colonel United States Army, Commanding Brigade. Colonel GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, Department of the Cumberland. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BATTALION FIFTEENTH UNITED STATES INFANTRY, Canp at AMurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report that on the morning of December 31, 1862, the 1st battalion 15th United States infantry, comprising eight companies, entered into action before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, under the command of Major John H. King. The number of enlisted men present and entering into action was 304; Lieutenant Ogilby, battalion adjutant, and the following company officers, to wit: Captains Fulmer, Wise, Bell, Ketettas, and Yorke, and Lieutenants Jewett, Wikoff, Woodward, Occleston, King, Semple, Galloway, and Grey were present and participated in the engagement. The average strength of the battalion on entering into action was 319, officers and men. This battalion, with the others of the brigade of regulars, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Shepherd, 18th United States infantry, advanced several hundred yards into a dense forest of cedars, about 9 o'clock on the morning of the 31st instant, to engage the enemy. The 15th, with the 1st battalion of the 16th infantry on the left, were moved a short distance from the other battalions of the brigade and formed in line of battle. Captain Ketettas's company was immediately ordered forward as skirmishers, and, as such, he advanced them some 400 yards beyond our line. He had been enticed thus to advance by the action of scattering rebels in our front, who, wearing our style of uniform, feigned to be of us. This piece of deception, however, was timely detected, and a heavy firing between the skirmishers was immediately commenced. Ours were driven back, and the enemy, in two or three lines of battle, hurriedly advanced with a strong line of skirmishers in front. Our line of battle suffered somewhat by mistaking a body of rebels dressed in our uniform for our troops. When commanded to open upon the enemy, the battalion poured in a heavy fire upon them, but were soon compelled to give way to the vastly superior numbers of the enemy. We fired retreating until we reached the rear of the position just that moment taken by the 6th regiment Ohio volunteers. Here we halted to re-form our line, but, while so doing, the overwhelming numbers of the rebels and the fierce onslaught they made on the 6th Ohio forced these gallant volunteers to fall back also, whereupon we moved out of the woods, returning the enemy's fire, and, under cover of Guenther's battery, succeeded in taking favorable position and re-forming our line. It was in this engagement that Captain Bell was killed, Captain Yorke wounded, and, I fear, mortally, and Lieutenant Occleston severely wounded. The battalion re-formed, advanced, and again took position in the woods, as also the others of the brigade. This was done promptly and with a zeal highly creditable to men who had only a few moments before been under a most galling and terrible fire. Very soon we were again engaged with the enemy, and, after a spirited engagement for a while, were ordered to fall back. Then it was that Major King was wounded and the command of the battalion devolved upon

Page  107 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 107 me. I continued the movement, firing upon the enemy, and moved to the support of Guenther's battery. In this affair Captain Wise fell mortally wounded, and has since died. For the remainder of that day we acted in support of Guenther's battery, and remained on the front of our lines that night until nearly daybreak, when we moved to the rear. Later in the morning we moved forward again, first supporting the centre, then the right. Friday morning we again moved to the front, supporting Guenther's battery, and remained there until the battle of that day ended. Advancing a short distance on Saturday morning, we threw up entrenchments in face of the fire of the enemy's skirmishers and sharpshooters. These we occupied Saturday night, supporting Guenther's battery during the brilliant and successful attack made upon the enemy's lines that night. In addition to the casualties already named, the battalion had eighty-four enlisted men killed and wounded, ten of whom are positively known to have been killed outright, two captured, and fifteen missing, who have doubtless either been killed, wounded, or captured. The aggregate casualties to officers and men number 106. The conduct of the officers and of the men engaged merits commendation, and the battalion, in all of the advanced movements into the cedars, and in the several actions engaged, did well in aiding to check and drive back the largely superior numbers of the enemy confronted by the brigade of regulars. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JESSE FULMER, Captain 15th United States Infantry, Commanding 1st Battalion. First Lieutenant ROBERT SUTHERLAND, 18th Infantry, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Brigade of Regulars. List of casualties in the 1st battalion U. S. infantry, in the action before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. CONSOLIDATION OF COMPANY REPORTS. Officers. Enlisted men.. o.. i. Field and staff........ --.......... 1....... —... 1 Company A.-....... 3 11. 2 16 Company B -—....... 1 9. 11 Company C-... —-...1....- 1.... 8 2 3 15 Company D —---- 1...... 1 12...... 1 15 Company E —... —----......... 2 12..... 1 15 Company F.. —...-... —-...........-..-... 8.... 2 10 Company G.................. 1 5...... 4 10 Company H... —....-............. 1 2 9...... 1 13 Total...-.. —........... 2 3 10 74 2 15 106 I certify that the above is correct. J. FULMER, Capt. 15th U. S. Infantry, Commanding lst Battalion. JANUARY 10, 1863.

Page  108 108 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Report of killed, wounded, and missing of the field and staf of 1st battalion Fifteenth United States infantry, in the action before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, the 31st day of December, 1862. Wounded.-Major John H. King, commanding 1st battalion. Respectfully, F. D. OGILBY, First Lieutenant 15th Infantry, Adjutant, Per FULMER. Captain J. FULMER, 15th United States Infantry, Commanding 1st Battalion. Report of killed, wounded, and missing of company A, 1st battalion Fiteenth infantry, December 31, 1862. Number of men engaged, 47. Killed.-Sergeant Edward Quinn; Privates William B. McCall and Martin Van Suttle. Wounded.-Sergeant Patrick Kane; Corporal Andrew H. McFaden; Privates David S. Flynn, Fidel Heisler, Jesse Guyun, Frank Maguire, Eugene A. Ogden, George Sagers, Michael Moran, Alfred H. Masters, and Thomas Kelley. Missing.-Private James H. Lemon and Francis Bruce. Killed, 3; wounded, 11; missing, 2. HORACE JEWETT, First Lieutenant 15th Infantry, Commanding Company A. CAMP AT MURFREESBORO', January 10, 1863. List of casualties in company B, 1st battalion 15th United States infantry, in the battle before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, on the 31st day of December, 1862. Killed.-Private John Waugh. Wounded.-Private James Acker, Robert Adams, Patrick Daily, Samuel Finley, Henry Kolthoff, Joseph Loose, James McGuire, David R. Spencer, and George A. N. Wray. Missing in action.-Private Myron Parks. Killed, 1; wounded, 9; missing, 1L-Total, 11. Very respectfully, R. P. KING, First Lieutenant 15th Infantry, Commanding company B. Captain JESSE FULMER, Commanding 1st Batalion, 15th U. S. Infantry. Report of killed, wounded, and missing of company C, 1st battalion 15th infantry, December 31, 1862. Number of men engaged, 32, Killed.-Captain William W. Wise, (mortally wounded, died January 3, 1862;) Private William Kapple.

Page  109 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 109 Wounded.-Sergeants O'Rourke, (captured,) and Morrett; Corporal Underwood; Privates Findley, Mank, Strauss, Schiveikert, Astermyer. Captured.-Corporals Betzer and Titsworth. AMissing.-Privates Levis, Hardy, and Dorr, (supposed captured.) JAS. Y. SEMPLE, First Lieutenant 15th Infantry, Commanding Company C, List of casualties in company D, first battalion fifteenth] United States infantry, in the battle before AMurfreesboro', Tennessee, on the 31st day of December, 1862. STATION CAMP AT MURFREESBORO', January 10, 1863. Killed.-Captain J. Bowman Bell, and Private Isaac Petweler. Wounded.-Sergeant Isaiah Lomison, Corporals William Sharp and Daniel Henderson, Privates Alfred Benton, James M. Williams, Charles H. Umbaugh, Noah Stotler, John C. Roney, H. W. C. Roney, Jesse Spouciller, Abram 3I. Mills, and Hiram Conner. Missing in action.-Private Benjamin Closson. Killed, 2; wounded, 12; missing, 1. Total, 15. ROMAN H. GRAY, Second Lieutenant Fifteenth U. S. Infantry. Captain JESSE FULMER, Commanding First Battalion Fifteenth U. S. Infantry. List of the killed, wounded, and missing of company E, first battalion fifteenth United States infantry, in the action near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Killed.-Privates Sutton B. Quinn and Gustavus Garrick. Total, 2. Wounded.-First Sergeant James P. Brown, Privates David A. Scholes, George Barker, Peter Gillonly, John A. Osterle, John Imhof, Robert Raisin, and Gottleib Nukom, Nathan Rix, John Sifers, G. Washington Foor, Orsin H. Beebe. Total, 12. Missing.-Private David Pontus. HENRY KETELTAS, Captain Fifteenth Infantry, Commanding Company. Report of killed, wounded and missing of company F, first battalion, fifteenth infantry, in the action before Mlufreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Wounded.-Sergeants Huyck, Moll and Kanable; Corporals Mantle and Gibson; Privates Davis, Fletcher and Shrock. Missing.-Privates Kennedy and Miller. Wounded, 8; missing, 2. Total, 10. CHAS. WIKOFF, First Lieutenant, FFiteenth Infantry, Com'g Co. F. Per FULMER.

Page  110 110 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. List of casualties in company G, fifteenth United States infantry, in the late battle before Murfreesboro', on the 31st day of December, 1862. Wounded.-Captain Joseph S. Yorke, severely; Sergeant Harry S. Lovejoy, slightly; Privates Ezra Gilbert, Daniel Lose, Samuel J. Landis, and Alfred Slusser. Total, 5. Missing in action.-Privates Theodore S. Dunning, Henry R. Moore, Michael Tressel, and Charles P. Van Duyn. Total, 4. Respectfully submitted, S. E. WOODWARD, First Lieutenant Fifteenth Infantry, Com'g Co. G. Captain JESSE FULMER, Commanding Battalion. List of killed, wounded and missing, of company H, first battalion, fifteenth United States infantry, in action at the battle of Stone river. Killed.-Privates Chester Brown and Jacob Hexamex.-2. Wounded.-First Lieutenant W. B. Occlestone, Corporal W. D. Blair, Privates John Gissinger, (since died in hospital,) Henry Chapman, Robert Howell, Charles Sutter, George Snyder, Alexander Ramsey, Benjamin Geph, (since died in hospital,) Thomas Prestly. Mzssing.-Adam Frandensteine. Total, 13. The company went into action with 34 men and one commissioned officer. Loss in killed, wounded and missing.................................35 13 22 Total now with the company.......................................12 N. S. GALLOWAY, Second Lieutenant, Commanding Company I. HEADQUARTERS 1ST AND 2D BATTALION 16TH INFANTRY, Camp at Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. COLONEL: I have the honor to submit the following as a report of the part taken by the 1st battalion and company B 2d battalion 16th infantry, under my command, in the late actions before Murfreesboro', during the 31st December, 1862, and the 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th January, 1863. At 7 o'clock a. m. on the morning of December 31, 1862, this command (then under Major A. J. Slemmer, 16th infantry,) was ordered to move to the front from the bivouac where we had rested the night previous. We marched about a mile in the direction of Murfreesboro', and were then marched into line of battle on the right of the turnpike, the 1st battalion 15th infantry being on our right, and 1st battalion 18th infantry on our left. Here we stacked arms and rested for some time. About a quarter past 9 o'clock we were ordered into a thicket of cedars; when we had arrived about three-quarters of a mile from the edge of the thicket we moved into line of battle, changing our front to the right to oppose the advancing columns of the enemy. Company "B" 1st battalion, under command of First Lieutenant Bartholomew, was thrown to the front in skirmishing order to cover the front of our line. In about five minutes these skirmishers were driven in and formed on the right of the bat

Page  111 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 111 talion. The enemy was now seen advancing in line and at the same moment opened a deadly fire on our ranks. The command, however, succeeded in checking their advance, the men behaving with the greatest possible coolness and aiming with accuracy. The battalion on our right having moved to the rear, it became necessary to fall back, which we did, by the right of companies to the rear. The men performed this movement with the same order and regularity they would in an ordinary drill. Having fallen back about one hundred paces, we came into line, faced to the front, and returned the enemy's fire. Again, for want of support we were obliged to retire, and did so as before for about another hundred yards. Maintaining this position for some minutes, we found it necessary to make a retreat to where we could be supported, as the enemy was moving his line on our right and left and threatening to surround us. We then moved by the right of companies to the rear, out of the woods and across a cotton field, where the enemy poured musketry and round shot upon us, but without doing much injury. We continued our retreat across the turnpike to the railroad, where we joined the remainder of the brigade and were ordered to support battery "H" 5th artillery. We remained in this position till about half past eleven o'clock a. m., when we were again ordered into the cedars. We advanced this time about thirty yards from the edge of the woods, when we became engaged, and a most terrific conflict issued. Almost at the commencement of this action Major A. J. Slemmer was so seriously wounded as to be obliged to fall to the rear; about the same time Adjutant John Power was dangerously wounded. After remaining in this position for about twentyfive minutes, and seeing the right of the brigade retire in order, we were compelled reluctantly to fall back, as the enemy outflanked us on our right and left. The men moved out of the woods by the right of companies with great regularity, notwithstanding the fearful fire to which they were exposed. As we crossed the open field between the woods and railroad the fire was terrible, and the men fell before it in great numbers until the enemy were driven back by the fire from battery "H" 5th artillery, attached to brigade. Arrived at the railroad, we again formed and remained with the rest of the brigade in support of the above battery. We continued in this position all the afternoon, continually exposed to artillery fire from the enemy's batteries. About four o'clock next morning we were ordered to the rear about a mile, where we obtained some rest. About eight o'clock a. m. we were again put in position on the right centre. From this position we were ordered to the right. In the afternoon we were ordered to proceed to Stewart's creek, and on arriving within a mile of the creek were ordered back at a double-quick, when we immediately faced about and retraced our steps in double-quick time. About sundown we arrived near our original position, the men being very much exhausted by hardships they had undergone and the rapidity of the march. We were moved into bivouac in a belt of woods near the centre of the general position. Next morning formed us again near the front and centre supporting battery "H" 5th artillery. Here we remained in reserve until about two o'clock p. m., when we moved back to our bivouac of the night before. Here we remained about half an hour, when we were again ordered to the position occupied by us during the morning, owing to an impetuous attack on the left, under General Crittenden, by the enemy. In this position we remained all the afternoon and that night. Next morning a battery opened on us from the enemy, but was soon silenced by battery "H"' 5th artillery. We then moved still further to the front, where we threw up a line of earthworks, and the men slept on their arms in the trenches. That night so completely were the men exhausted from want of rest and food, that they slept in about six inches of water. Next morning it was discovered that the enemy had abandoned their position and were in full retreat. The command remained guarding these trenches till the morning of the 5th January when we marched to Murfreesboro'.

Page  112 112 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS During these five days the men suffered very much for want of food, and were so much reduced that some of them ate roasted horse flesh. Fifteen officers and two hundred aud ninety-three enlisted men went into action. The following is a list of the officers of the command who were engaged. Major A. J. Slemmer, Captains R. E. A. Crofton, R. P. Barry, James Biddle, N. L. Dykeman, anA J. C. King; First Lieutenants A. W. Alleyn, E. McConnell, W. H. Bartholomew, John Power, (battalion adjutant,) W. W. Arnold, J. C. Howland, and R. E. Kelleg; Second Lieutenants S. E. St. Onge and W. J. Wedemeyer. All the officers and men behaved with great coolness and courage, and notwithstanding the great sufferings it was necessary for them to endure, they performed their duties without a murmur. Subjoined you will find a list of killed, wounded, and missing; of the latter number I am convinced that few, if any, are stragglers, as some who were at first reported missing, it has since been discovered are wounded and were unable to avoid being taken by the enemy. I have the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, R. E. A. CROFTON, Captain 16th Infantry, Commanding. Lieutenant Colonel 0. L. SHEPHERD, Commanding Brigade Regular Troops. List of offcers and enlisted men killed, wounded, and missing, of the sixteenth United States infantry, at the battle of Murfreesboro', December 31, 1862. OFFICERS. Wounded.-Major A. J. Slemmer, commanding regiment, severely; Captain Robert P. Barry, company A, severely; Captain John C. King, company D, severely; Captain Newton L. Dykeman, company H, slightly; First Lieutenant W. H. Bartholomew, company B, first battalion, severely; First Lieutenant John Power, adjutant, first battalion, severely; First Lieutenant James C. Howland, company D, slightly. ENLISTED MEN. Killed.-First battalion: Privates Nicholas Hindelong, James Lewis, and Dennis Sullivan, company A; Nathan Frost and Nicholas Ginsbach, company B; Frank Clark, company C; Fernando Fergusson, company D; Corporal Robert Robertson and Private J. Williams, company F; George L. Pooler and George H. Patterson, company G; Erastus Cheadle and Harrison Stockdale, company H. Second battalion: Zachariah White, Lemuel K. Palmer, and Aaron Simmons, company B. Wounded.-First battalion: Commissary Sergeant James H. Howe, mortally; Sergeants Flavius J. Pattee, G. McNeil, and W. G. Scott, company A; J. Buckner, company B; Morris Thomas, company C; W. Wagner, company D; Judson, company F; Seth Marten and H. H. Edson, company H; Charles Perkins, company G; Corporals Greenhalgh and Kastner, company B; T. O'Neil, company E; Dervin, Kinkaid, and Vigor, company F; Thomas Donohoe, N. W. Reese, and H. B. Hastings, company H; Privates Gillick, Dolan, Duddy, (from missing,) Hilton, Hogan, Dundon, Adams, Spice, Nelson, Kane, Dorsey, Kelley, Devine, Larcomb, Hutchinson, Fjetterstrom, Donohoe, McQuaid, Kinney, Nolan, McCaughy, and Fahy, company A; Lade,

Page  113 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRAV. 113 Leslie, Love, Griffin, Golton, Gilhoed, Kottinger, Bowers, (from missing,) O'Neil, Stone, and Wagner, company B; Owens, Batten, Black, and Healy, company C; Brotz, Conway, Harley, Meiner, Mead, Roach, Russel, Nix, Wrightman, and Mesmer, company D; Burton, Grawney, Kawanaugh, Kinston, Jones, McMahon, Shannon, Straw, Venters, Wielie, and Wescott, company E; Bengan, Boyle, Crotine, Garvey, Hulihan, Knutson, Livingston, Lathrope, McCarthy, Minnihan, McLane, Sykes, Trueblood, and Taylor, company F; Gillespee, Heney, Donelly, Wirt, and Wild, company G; Boyce, Dubi, Grey, Kieth, Smith, Thompson, Gallagher, Nordham, Caldwell, and Brainard, company H. Second battalion: Sergeants M. Whalen and Hamilton, privates Rahaley, Kirkpatrick, Miller, Harper, Daney, Dorcey, Crabree, Anderson, B. Olson, J. Olson, Rawson, Smith, Strater, Frindle, Page, McWilliams, and Hilton, company B. llissing.-First battalion: Privates Duddy and Kernan, company A; Bowers, Bruce, and O'Flaherty, company B; McKinney, Carrigan, and Loth, company C; Finnigan, company G; Kelley, Sawyer, and Padden, company H; Carroll, O'Neil, Sympson, and Scott, company E. Second battalion: Corporal McRussell and private Canfield, company B. RECAPITULATION. Officers wounded...................................... 7 7 Enlisted mei killed................................... 16 16 Enlisted men wounded...........................2 + 125 = 127 Enlisted men missing................................2 -- 18 = 16 Total................................... 166 166 NOTE.-Duddy, company A, and Bowers, company B, first battalion, found wounded. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BATTALION EIGHTEENTH INFANTRY, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tenn., January 6, 1863. SIR: Herewith I have the honor to transmit a list of the killed and wounded in my battalion in the battle of the "Cedars," near Murfreesboro', December 31, 1862. I went into the battle with 1 adjutant, 1 sergeant major, 6 captains, 8 lieutenants, and 272 enlisted men; aggregate, 288. Captain Kneass was killed, Captains Douglass, Wood, and Hull, wounded, Lieutenants McConnell, Carpenter, and Adair, wounded, 1 sergeant and.3 corporals killed, 6 sergeants and 4 corporals wounded, 23 privates killed, and 99 wounded; total and aggregate loss, 145. All did their duty well, were cool, deliberate, and firm under the terrific fire that thinned our ranks, and not one gave way, until the order to rejoin the battery attached to our brigade was given. We were under fire on the 1st, 2d, and 3d of January, 1863, and in the trenches on the day and night of the 3d instant, but sustained no loss. During the four days and nights on the battle-fields near Murfreesboro', notwithstanding the cold, mud, and rain, and want of rations, part of the time, not a murmur was heard; all exhibited the same coolness and unflinching devotion to their country and flag that they had shown on the battle-field at Perrysville, Ky., when composing a part of General Steadman's brigade, which was exposed to a terrific fire on that field. Captain Douglass acted as field officer on the 31st December, 1862, and rendered valuable service, and, notwithstanding his painful wound, joined the battalion on the 2d of January, and remained on duty with it during that day. My battalion adjutant, Lieutenant R. L. Morris, rendered valuable service on the field; his horse was wounded. My horse was wounded and disabled. My battalion quarterEx. Doc. 2 8

Page  114 114 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. master, Lieutenant Benham, Quartermaster Sergeant Price, and Commissary Sergeant Livsey, with a small escort and the teamsters, all did their duty well, in defending and conducting the battalion train in safety to Nashville. In conclusion I beg leave respectfully to recommend the following named non-commissioned officers for promotion, for their bravery and meritorious conduct in the battle of December 31, 1862, near Murfreesboro', Tenn.: Sergeant Major Reuben F. Little, Sergeant Allen C. Barrows, company F, First Sergeant Ralph Horton, company H, and First Sergeant Isaac D'Isay, company A; and also Sergeant E. C. Beach, company A, Sergeant Carpenter, company F, Quartermaster Sergeant Price, and Commissary Sergeant Livsey, for certificates of merit. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. N. CALDWELL, Major Eighteenth Infantry, Commanding First Battalion Eighteenth Infantry. The ACTING ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL, Brigade of Regulars. HEADQUARTERS EIGHTEENTH U. S. INFANTRY, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 6, 1863. Sin: In compliance with instructions from brigade headquarters, I have the honor to submit the following list of killed and wounded in the battle of the Cedars, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Company A, first battalion, eighteenth United States infantry. Kiilled.-Privates James Harrison and Nicholas Holsback. Total, 2. Wounded.-Captain Henry Douglass, (slightly,) Second Lieutenant G. S. Carpenter, (severely,) Corporal Samuel Gorsuch, Privates William Larrowe, Ebenezer Myers, George Moore, George W. Medick, William H. Peckham, Henry Strupelt, Henry D. Smith, and Frederick Siegle. Total, 9. Captured while bringing the wounded from the field.-Sergeant Edward C. Beach, and Private Charles Riefenberg. Total, 2. Company B, first battalion, eighteenth United States infantry. Kiilled.-Nathan Ray, John Fusselman, William Patterson, (doubtful,) Charles Argus, and Francis Masterton. Total 5. TVounded.-First Sergeant Joseph Owens, Sergeant Maurice Schwartz, Corporal Francis 5M. Davis, Privates William Barker, William Frizzell, Patrick Dailey, Richard Fitzgerald, Robert C. Hardwick, Michael Kuntz, Edward Pepper, John B. Shaffer, Michael Welsh, Henry P. Dixon, John Riddell, and Jacob Schrechingaust. Total, 15. Company C, first battalion, eighteenth infantry. Killed.-Captain Charles L. Kneass, and Corporal Francis M. Phillipi. Total, 2. TVounded.-Privates James B. Massey, Vendreith Washburn, Wellington D. Welch, John Welch, John Quinn, John Herbstritt, John Brugger, Frank P. Gaddis, George Eberly, Richard Rumsey, Peter Johnson, and Sergeant Daniel C. Fletcher. Total, 12.

Page  115 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS 115 Company D, first battalion, eighteenth United States infantry. Killed.-Private Hugh Scolann. Wounded.-Captain D. L. Wood, (slightly,) Corporal David M. Hannahs, Privates George Meyer, William H. Thomas, Owen M. Wescott, and Patrick Barrett. Total, 5. Company E, first battalion, eighteenth infantry. Wounded.-First Sergeant Martin E. Looker, Corporal Jesse Brooks, Privates Frederick Edwards, Thomas H. Hickman, Samuel Hill, Isaac Wilson, George Shafersberger, Hiram Robinhood, John Hamilton, Levi Greenwood, and Jacob Hilgert. Total, 11. Company F, first battalion eighteenth United States infantry. Killed.-Sergeant Henry Headley, and Private Jacob Bike. Total, 2. Wounded.-Sergeant Daniel S. Willder, Corporal Charles W. Bell, Privates Michael Bolan, Henry H. Clark, Jaret Headington, Isaac N. Howard, Frederick Kerchner, Daniel Kring, William E. McCauley, James S. Risher, and Alexander White. Total, 11. Company G, first battalion, eighteenth infantry. Killed. —Corporal Joseph L. Harcourt, Privates James O'Neill, Martin Schwank, and Charles Schreck. Total, 4. Wounded.-Captain Robert B. Hull, (severely,) Second Lieutenant John J. Adiar, (slightly,) Sergeant Joseph F. Weller, John C. Smith, Privates Thomas Nasey, Martin Frank, Henry Davy, Isaac Shutt, John Lesley, James Dixon, Aaron Wcltz, Andrew Kelly, Newton Thorp, Josiah Baughman, W. T. GQrimer, and Marvin Cacklen. Total, 14. Company HI, first battalion, eighteenth infantry. Killed.-Private Jacob Blessing, Henry B. Plumley, Patrick Savage, and Elias VWhite.-Total, 4. TVounded.-First Sergeant Ralph Horton, Privates Barnard Brink, Ambrose Higgins, Frederick Luther, Patrick Hoare, Christian Schranck, George Brown, John Endrass, Henry Douglass, Nicholas Haas, David Hackney, David W. Jones, John Harris, John Jackoble, John Moriarty, John S. McClintock, Gabriel H. Owen, Gideon Rose, Thomas Schultz, Frederick Seibt, and George W. Stone. Total, 21. Company A, third battalion, eighteenth i7fantry. Killed.-Corporal B. W. Willcox, Privates James Adair, James A. Anderson, and James S. Fisher. Total, 4. Wounded.-First Lieutenant Joseph McConnell, (severely,) Privates Henry F. Helpman, William Marshall, John McBride, A. D. Tagg, and James Michlejohn. Total, 6. Company D, third battalion, eighteenth infantry. Killed.-Privates Samuel Palmer, Elisha Harper, Valentine Ferrenkoaf, and Peter Murphy. Total, 4. tWounded.-Sergeants John P. Ell and Mahlon Peters, Corporal John

Page  116 116 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Falter, Privates William Plum, George W. Steirhoff, Michael E. Williamson, Henry Boulter, John Clark, Samuel Fetters, Jasper Converse, and James Horner. Total, 11. RECAPITULATION. Killed. Wounded. Missing. Captains................................... 1 3 0 Lieutenants................................ 0 3 0 Sergeants.................................. 1 6 1 Corporals................................. 3 4 0 Privates................................... 23 99 1 Total........................ 28 115 2 Aggregate: 145 in the battle of December 31, 1862. The battalion was under fire on the 1st, 2d and 3d of January, 1863, and in the trenches on the day and night of the 3d, but met with no loss. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. N. CALDWELL, Mlajor Eighteenth U. S. Infantry, Com'g First Battalion. The ACTING ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL, Regular Brigades. HEADQUARTERS SECOND BATTALION EIGHTEENTH U. S. INFANTRY, Camp at,lIlurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report that, pursuant to the orders of the lieutenant colonel commanding the brigade, about 7 o'clock on the morning of the 31st December, 1862, my battalion, comprising sixteen officers and 298 enlisted men, being one of the battalions of the brigade of regulars, accompanied that brigade into action. My orders were to support and defend Lieutenant Guenther's battery, company H, 5th artillery. While thus employed, Captain Charles E. Dennison, commanding company B, and the right general guide, Sergeant Joseph Matthew, were severely wounded, and First Sergeant George F. White, of company F, 3d battalion, was killed. Subsequently the brigade and battalion took position in a dense forestof cedars for the purpose, as was understood, of holding in check the advancing enemy while a rearrangement of our own line of battle might be effected. We maintained this position for over twenty minutes, when we received the orders of the brigade commander to retire, having, however, achieved the result expected and required, but not without great loss-nearly one half of the command-as will be observed in the annexed list of casualties. During the subsequent days of the battle we were continuously under arms and under the fire of the enemy's cannon, and were moved from place to place wherever our presence seemed to be required. The last thirty-six hours of the battle we assisted in throwing up and holding intrenchments commanding the central portion of the field, the occupancy of which, owing to the heavy rains, became one of hardship and trial. It affords me pleasure to state that there was not a single instance of cowardice in the battalion, and that both officers and men did completely and effectively their whole duty. The names of the officers of the battalion in the engagement of the 31st are as follows: Major Frederick Townsend, commanding battalion; First Lieutenant Frederick Phisterer, adjutant of the battalion; Captain Henry R. Mizner; Captain Charles E. Denison, wounded severely; Captain Henry Belknap; A.

Page  117 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 117 B. Thompson, wounded severely; Captain William J. Fetterman; Captain Henry Haymond, wounded slightly; Captain A. B. Denton; First Lieutenant M. L. Ogden, wounded severely; First Lieutenant H. G. Radcliff; First Lieutenant James Simons, wounded severely; First Lieutenant Henry B. Freeman; Second Lieutenant William H. Bisbee; Second Lieutenant John F. Hitchcock, killed, and Second Lieutanant Wilbur F. Arnold. Total, 16. First Lieutenant William P. McClery, quartermaster of the battalion, was with the train, where he displayed conspicuous gallantry in defending it from capture with its guard and the sick. I beg to call the attention of the brigade commander to the following enlisted men of my hattalin, who were conspicuous for their gallantry in the engagement on the 31st: Sergeant Major John S. Lind; Sergeant Samuel C. Williamson, company D, 2d battalion; Sergeant Charles B. Meredith, company D, 2d battalion; Corporal Sylvester S. Bartlett, company C, 2d battalion; Lance Coporal Paul Fisher, company D, 2d battalion; Private William H. Maxwell, company A, 2d battalion; Private Jacob Kline, company D, 2d battalion; Private James McKenzie, company B, 3d battalion; James Hofier, company C, 3d battalion. I have the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, FREDERICK TOWNSEND, Major 18th United States Infantry, Commanding. First Lieutenant R. SUTHERLAND, Assistant Adjutant General, Brigade of Regulars. WASHINGTON, D. C., February 23, 1863. GENERAL: I neglected, in my report of the doings of the 2d battalion of the 18th United States infantry in the recent battles in front of Murfreesboro', Tennessee, to mention among the names of certain enlisted men conspicuous for good conduct on the field, and at all times, the name of my mounted orderly, Private Jacob Troutman, of company D. He was of very great assistance to me in carrying and bringing orders, and displayed a degree of intelligence and bravery worthy of strong commendation. In justice to this excellent soldier I trust, general, that you will permit this notice of him to be appended as supplemental to my official report. I have the honor to be, general, your obedient servant, FREDERICK TOWNSEND, Major 18th Injfntry, Commanding 2d Battalion. Brigadier General LORENZO THOMAS, Adjutant General United States Army,

Page  118 118 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Consolidated list of casualties in the 2d battalion of the 18th United States infantry during the battle near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Killed. Wounded. Prisoners. Missing. a 1 Q 8 Company. o ~ A, 2d battalion. ——.-.... 4. 14. battain 1 3 9 El, ad battalion. —------ 5 1 1- a F. 2d battalion 3. - 1 9.-. - E, 2d battalion- 3. r1 T 1 A, 2d battalion.-. —-..-....-.........1........ ~1 9B, 23 battalion-. —— 2 —---- -..,.-. 15 - C, 23d battalion —-------------------.- -.- 1 D, 3d battalion. —-----—. —----— 3 —----.... 1 1 10.F, 3d battalion —-------------------- - 5 1 13 - Total --—, —----------------—, 1 30 5 98 3 2 Commissioned officers and enlisted men killed, 31; wounded, 103. Prisoners and missing, enlisted men, 5.-Total, 139. FREDERICK TOWNSEND, JMIajor 18th United States Infantry, Commanding 2d Battalion. FREDERICK PHISTERER, First Lieutenant 18th U. S. Infantry, Adjutant 2d Battalion. List of casualties in company A, 2d battalion United States infantry during the battle of tke 31st of December, 1862, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Privates David Redmon, Amos Sherman, John M. Pierce, and Gideon Beard. Total, 4. Wounded.-First Sergeant Zenas Dunham, in foot, since amputated; Sergeant Joseph Matthieu, severely, abdomen; Corporal George T. Pass, slightly, leg. Privates Pharaoh Brink, slightly, leg; Joseph H. Dodds, severely, in foot; Ira J. Brown, severely, hip; Salathiel A. Rose, dangerously, side and back; William H. Maxwell, severely, arm shattered; Patrick McDonald, dangerously, leg; Amya Courtright, slightly, hand; Preston Brown, dangerously, groin; John A. Shepard, dangerously, breast; Orville Rhodes, slightly, side of head; Thomas L. Swank, severely, arm shattered. Total, ] 4. WILLIAM J. FETTERMAN, Captain 18th United States Infantry, Commanding Company.

Page  119 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 119 List of casualties in company B, 2d battalion 18th infantry, during the engagement before Murfreesboro', from December 31,1862, to January 3, 1863. Killed.-Lieutenant J. L. Hitchcock, Corporals John Limbaugh and Jacob R. Leibole, and Private Michael Gallivan. Total, 4. Wounded.-Captain Charles E. Denison, solid shot in knee, leg since amputated; Sergeant William P. Leiboler, in leg, rifle ball. Privates Thomas P. Hunley, through arm and breast; Michael Maly, through both thighs; Roseline S. Conady, through right thigh; Patrick Mangan, through right arm; John Linament, flesh wound in leg; Edmund Coen, slight flesh wound; Martin H. V. Young, left breast and wrist, and William R. Wallace, slight wound, left hand. Total, 10. H. G. RADCLIFF, First Lieutenant 18th Infantry, Commanding Company B, 2d Battalion. List of casualties in company C, 2d battalion 18th infantry, January 1, 1863. Killed.-Corporal Thos. J. Long and Private John Henry Teiman. Total, 2. Wounded.-Sergeant Amos Flegal, ball entered near upper left and came out near lower right breast; Corporal Sylvester S. Bartlett, flesh wound in right shoulder; Privates Isaac Bemesdarfer, ball entered near right shoulder and came out near lower right breast; Samuel A. Bowman, in lower jaw; William Morgaridge, slightly in the back with a spent ball; Joseph Tredrow, in the hand slightly; James Place, ball passed through the flesh of the thigh. Total, 7. Missing.-AMusician Albert R. Browning. Total, 1. A. B. DENTON, Captain 18th Infantry, Commanding Company. List of casualties in company D, 2d battalion 18th infantry, in the battle before lMurfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Private Joseph Wasmer. Total, 1. IWounded.-First Lieutenant Morgan L. Ogden, flesh wound in the shoulder; Sergeant S. C. Williamson, flesh wound in the leg; Privates John Argo, slightly; George Brooks, severe wound in the leg; Arthur D. Cantrill, severe wound in the leg, since died; Jeremiah Howald, severely, since died; Lenhard Goble, severely in the shoulder; Thomas Hogan, severely in the lungs; David Laken, arm brokenf; Jarral O'Connor, severely in arm, breast, and foot; Michael Strassel, slightly in the ear. Total, 10. W. F. ARNOLD, Second Lieut. 18th U. S. Infantry, Com'g Company D, 2d Battalion. List of killed, wounded, and missing in company E, 2d battalion 18th United States infantry, during the action before Mu)freesboro', Tennessee, from December 31, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Killed.-Privates William Baglin, Samuel Daihl, Joseph Elsbeck, William Ennis, and Martin Rhapsbock. Total, 5. Wlounded.-Captain A. B. Thompson, seriously; Sergeant Joseph Davis,

Page  120 120 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. slightly; Corporal James H. Fowkes, slightly; Privates Charles Beardsly, slightly; William Grey, seriously; John A. Hartman, seriously; Lott McInerny, slightly; Martin B. Shirk, slightly; George H. Smith, slightly; William Viller, seriously; Dewitt C. Weaver, seriously; Milford B. Rhoads, slightly. Total, 12. Taken prisoner.-MRannassah Kaln. Total, 1. W. H. BISBEE, Lieutenant 18th Infantry, Commanding Company. List of killed, wounded, and missing in company F, 2d battalion 18th infantry, at the battle of Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. First Lieutenant James Simons, severely in hip and shoulder; Privates Daniel Baker, severely in shoulder; Andrew Bowers, severely in thigh; Daniel Devine, slightly in back; James Handley, severely, (died since in hospital;) Richard I. Jones, severely, (died since in hospital;) John C. Jones, slightly in hip; David M. Price, slightly in hand; George Waterfield, severely in shoulder; David S. Kissen, wounded and missing. Total, 10. HENRY HAYMOND, Captain 18th Infantry, temporarily commanding Company. List of casualties in company B, 3d battalion 18th United States infantry, battle of Ml'urfreesboro', December 31, 1862. Killed.-Privates George Shuler and Abraham Coombs. Total, 2. Wounded.-Corporal Elias H. Johns, left side, severely; Privates John C. Baker, severely; John Jackson, severely; Isaac James, abdomen and thigh, severely; James MIcKenzie, both legs, severely. Total, 5. HENRY BELKNAP, Captain 18th Infantry, Commanding Company. List of killed and wounded of company C, 3d battalion 18th United States infantry, during the engagement before l[Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Killed.-Privates William Cornwall, George Eckert, Isaac B. Jones, Frank Kelly, and George B. Smith. Total, 5. Wounded.-Sergeant William Wallace, side, slightly; Corporal James Burns, neck, slightly; Privates William H. Diehl, knee, slightly; Andrew J. Conner, left arm, (since amputated;) John T. Hawice, both shoulders, severely; John McD. Hawice, right knee, severely; John Hoffler, ankle and arm, severely; Felix Kerstetter, leg, severely; George M.cCarty, right arm, severely; Fred. W. Orth, both arms, severely; Hugh W. Riddle, arm, severely; Theo. Sigman, hand, slightly, taken prisoner; James Campbell, supposed wounded, in hospital; James Sweagar, both legs, severely. Total, 14. H. G. RADCLIFF, First Lieutenant 18th Infantry, Com'g Company C 3d Battalion.

Page  121 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 121 CAMP NEAR MURFREESBORO', TENNESSEE, January 8, 1863. List of killed, wounded, and missing in company E, 3d battalion 18th infantry, in the action of December 31, 1862, near llMurfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Privates A. M. McGinnis, Amos Robins, and Sidney F. Armstrong. Total 3. Wounded.-Captain Henry Haymond, wounded slightly in right knee; Sergeant Thomas Barr, right arm broken; Privates James McCormick, slightly in leg; Philip Fennel, slightly in thigh; Peter Killean, slightly in face; Thomas B. Daniels, slightly in thigh, and George W. Caty, in thigh, nature of wound not known. Missing.-Private Benjamin Lawhead, supposed to have been wounded and taken prisoner. HENRY HAYMOND, Captain 18th Infantry, Commanding Company. List of casualties in company F, 3d battalion 18th United States infantry, in action near llurfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Killed.-First Sergeants George F. White, solid shot through body; Samuel Dobbins, color bearer, rifle shot, head; William D. Madeira, rifle shot, head; and Privates John J. Carmean and Mahhon Hancock. Wounded.-Sergeant David S. Todd, ankle, slightly; Corporals William H. Himes, leg-since dead, January 5th; Charles Miller, hip, missing; Albert F. Young, rifle shot; Privates Jacob Coleman, shoulder; Edward Cunningham, body; Malcolm McCraig, back and foot; John W. Parsons, left side; James M. Saxton, and Isaac S. Shaffier, missing; Francis Stoufer, arm; George H. Taylor, and John Wilson, rifle shot. Prisoners.-Privates Isaac C. Coldby and John Priest. HENRY R. MIZNER, Captain 18th U. S. infantry, Commanding Company F, 3d Battalion. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BATTALION NINETEENTH U. S. INFANTRY, Camp near Mlurfreesboro', January 8, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report that six companies of the first battalion of the 19th regiment United States infantry, under command of Major S. D. Carpenter, with the regular brigade, under command of Lieutenant Colonel O. L. Shepherd, 18th infantry, were ordered to the front, and entered into action on the morning of the 31st of December, 1862, before Murfreesboro', at 9J o'clock a. m. The battalion was ordered by the brigade commander to take its position in the brigade on the left of the 18th infantry, supporting the left of Guenther's battery H, 5th artillery. About 10 o'clock a. m. the brigade, with the battery, was ordered into the cedars to the assistance of Negley's division; but after finding there was no possibility of securing a position, the battalion, in company with the battery, retired from the cedars in excellent order, under a most destructive fire. After taking our position on the hill near the railroad, we were again, about 12 m., ordered, with the remainder of the brigade, to advance in line of battle into the cedars. We there engaged an overwhelming force of the enemy for full twenty minutes. It was as we received the order to retire that

Page  122 122 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Major Carpenter fell, receiving six mortal wounds, dying instantly. The fire from the enemy at this time was terrific. Our men were falling on all sides. At this point the command of the battalion devolved upon myself, being the senior officer present. We fell back, in pursuance of orders, to the support of Guenther's battery, which had taken its position on the hill near the railroad, which position we maintained throughout the day. The next day, January 1, 1863, at daybreak, we were ordered, with the brigade and battery, to the right to assist McCook's corps, where we remained in position until after midday, when we were ordered to proceed up the Murfreesboro' pike in the direction of Nashville, to Stewart's creek, to protect a provision'train which was threatened by the enemy. After proceeding about four miles up the road we were ordered to the right about and double-quicked to the centre of the line of battle. On the second of January, at (aybreak, we took our position on the hill by the railroad in front of the cedars, which we held during the day and throughout the night. The next day, the 3d, we commenced intrenching the front and centre, under cover of our skirmishers, and that night, our breastworks being completed, were occupied and held by us until after the enemy had left our front, which fact was reported by me to the colonel commanding the brigade shortly after sunrise the 4th instant. The battalion lost one commissioned officer killed, (the major commanding;) enlisted men, six killed, fifty five wounded, and missing, seven, the greater part of the latter known to be in the hands of the enemy. Twenty-two of the enemy fell on the 21st into our hands and were turned over to an escort of cavalry by order of Lieutenant H. Millard, of General Rousseau's staff, by Lieutenant Stansbury. The following officers participated: 1st Lieutenants Andrews, Stansbury, anld Jones; 2d Lieutenants Wagoner, Lowe, Curtis, Miller, Johnson, and Carpenter. The conduct of the officers and men throughout the five days' battle was excellent, the battalion taking part and sharing with the brigade in all its hardships, deprivations, and arduous duties, in its movements over the entire field, at one time supporting the right of General McCook's corps, at another assisting General Crittenden's, and on the last day and night intrenching and holding the centre of our own division. I take pleasure in mentioning the energy and efficiency displayed by Drs. Henderson, of this battalion, and Lindsey, of the 18th infantry, acting brigade surgeon, in the care and treatment of our wounded, all of whom, I am credibly informed, are well cared for in comfortable hospitals. I enclose herewith a consolidated list of the killed, wounded and missing of the battalion during the five days' battle, also copies of the reports from the commandants of companies of casualties, &c. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, JAS. B. MULLIGAN, Captain 19th Infantry, U. S. A., Commanding 1st Battalion. Lieutenant ROBERT SUTHERLAND, 18th Infantry, Assistant Adjutant General, Regular Brigade.

Page  123 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 123 Consolidated list of casualties, killed, wounded, and missing, of the 1st battalion of the 19th regiment United States infantry, during the five days' battle before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, ending January 4, 1863. Officers killed.-Major S. D. Carpenter, commanding battalion. Enlisted men. Company. Killed. Wounded- Missing. Company A........................ 2 3 1 B........................................ 11 1 C................................. 10 D................................ 1 91 E............................... 1 17...... F................ 2 5 3 Total................... 6 55 7 Most of the missing known to be in the hands of the enemy. JAS. B. MULLIGAN, Captain 19th Infantry, U. S. A., Commanding 1st Battalion. List of the killed, wounded, and missing of company A, 1st battalion 19th regiment of infantry, United States army, in the action of December 31, 1862, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Privates John Quinn and Aaron Luther. Wounded.-Privates William Beam, in the back; Eli Wells, in the leg; William Shultz, in the head. Missing.-Private James Kelley. W. R. LOWE, Second Lieutenant, Commanding Company. List of the killed, wounded, and missing in company B, 1st battalion 19th regiment of infantry, United States army, in the action of December 31, 1862, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee. Wounded.-First Sergeant William H. Harrison; Corporal Joseph H. Top' ky; Privates Thomas Brennon, Patrick Cain, Joseph C. Coke, William H. Fallen, William Figg, Edward Herrington, Frank Lansham, George W. Lawson, and Patrick Lynch. Missing.-Private John Neckl. JOSEPH J. WAGGONER, Second Lieutenant, Commanding Company.

Page  124 124 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. List of killed, wounded and missing of company C, first battalion nineteenth regiment of infantry, United States army, in the action of December 31, 1862, near MIzurfreesboro', Tennessee. Wounded.-Sergeant H. B. Shaffer, through the body; Corporal John Shrot, in the spine; Corporal Benjamin Davis, in the arm; Privates Elisha Bennett, in the foot, badly; Jacob Crossby, in the shoulder; George Emigh, in the groin, dangerously; Joseph Griffith, in the side; J. L. B. Harnden, in the leg; Cornelius Hunt, in the hand; Samuel Smay, left leg broken; Aaron Snyder, in the hand. AIissing.-Private John Reese, deserted his flag. CHAS. H. MILLER, Second Lieutenant, Commanding Company. List of the killed, wounded, and missing of Company D, first battalion nineteenth regiment of infantry, United States army, in the action of December 31, 1862, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Private S. C. Higgins. Wounded.-Sergeant Charles Stears, in the foot; Privates Williston D. Dewey, ditto; Stephen Gause, thigh; Henry Hook, right side; Christ'n Kronman, nose; Franklin T. Shore, thigh and back; August Smith, nature of wound not known; Daniel Springer, foot; Townsend E. Fall, left leg broken. Missing.-Private Henry Robinson, supposed to have been wounded and taken prisoner. A. H. ANDREWS, First Lieutenant, Commanding Company. List of the killed, wounded, and missing of Company E, first battalion nineteenth regiment of infantry, United States army, in the action of December 31, 1862, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Privates John Bayer. Wounded.-Sergeant W. H. Hover, in the head; Corporal Thomas J. Smith, ditto; Corporal Jacob Hester, right arm broken; Privates Charles Adams, in the face; James C. Brown, hand; John M. Doran, thigh; James Dunlevey, left hand; David Gilford, wrist; James A. Harvey, right foot; Henry F. Tibbitts, hip; Paul Tatem, abdomen. Missing.-Privates Woodford D. Bennett, Edward Huzzey, Jacob Sallet, John B. Smith, Phillip Shram, and E. T. Swank. JACOB D. JONES, First Lieutenant, Commanding Company. List of the killed, wounded, and missing of Company E, first battalion ninetetnth regiment of infantry, United States army, in the action of December 31, 1862, near MIurfreesboro', Tennessee. Killed.-Privates Barnard Haggerty, Edward Gorman. Wounded.-Sergeants William H. Williams, James A. Little; Privates John Powers, Leander Hipp, Joseph R. Cockefair. Missing.-Privates William A. Randall, David W. Pollock, John J. McLain. ALFRED CURTIS, Second Lieutenant, Commanding Company.

Page  125 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 125 HEADQUARTERS EIGHTH DIVISION, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 8, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the troops of my command in the engagements with the enemy on Stone river: On Tuesday morning, December 30, 1862, the 8th division, composed of the 7th and 29th brigades, Schultz's, Marshall's, and Nell's batteries, was posted on a rolling slope of the west bank of Stone river, in advance, but joining the extreme right of General Crittenden's line, and the left of General McCook's. In the rear and on the right was a dense cedar woods with a broken, rocky surface. From our position several roads were cut through the woods in our rear, by which to bring up the artillery and ammunition trains. In front a heavy growth of oak timber extended towards the river, which was about a mile distant. A narrow thicket crossed our left diagonally and skirted the base of a cultivated slope which expanded to the width of a mile as it approached the Nashville pike. This slope afforded the enemy his most commanding position, (in the centre,) on the crest of which his rifle pits extended, with intervals, from the oak timber immediately in my front, to the Nashville pike, with a battery of four Napoleon and two iron guns, placed in position near the woods, and about eight hundred yards from my position. Behind this timber on the river bank the enemy massed his columns for the movements of the next day. Their skirmishers were driven from our immediate front after a sharp contest, in which the 19th Illinois and 78th Pennsylvania volunteers displayed admirable efficiency. The position of my command was held under a heavy fire, until darkness terminated the skirmishing in our front, by which time we had inflicted considerable loss upon the enemy. In the mean time General Sheridan's division came up and formed line of battle his left resting on my right, and began to advance, driving the enemy until he had passed the centre of my right brigade. While General Sheridan was in this position I changed my front slightly, bearing it more to the left to avoid masking a portion of Sheridan's command. The troops remained in this position and in order of battle all night, cheerfully enduring the rain and cold, awaiting the morrow's sun to renew the contest. Early the next morning, and before the heavy fog had drifted away from our front, the enemy in strong force attacked and surprised General McCook's right, commencing a general action, which increased in intensity towards his left. Sheridan's division stood its ground manfully, supported by the 8th division, repulsing and driving the enemy at every advance. The enemy still gained ground on General McCook's right, and succeeded in placing several batteries in position which covered my right. From these, and the battery on my left, which now opened, the troops were exposed to a converging fire, which was most destructive. Haughtaling's, Schultz's, Marshall's, Bush's, and Nell's batteries were all ordered into action in my front, pouring destructive volleys of grape and shells into the advancing columns of the enemy, mowing him down like swarths of grain. For four hours the 8th division, with a portion of Sheridan's and Palmer's divisions, maintained their position amid a murderous storm of lead and iron, strewing the ground with their heroic dead. The enemy, maddened to desperation by the determined resistance, still pressed forward fresh troops, concentrating and forming them in a concentric line on either flank. By 11 o'clock Sheridan's men, with their ammunition exhausted, were falling back. General Rousseau's reserve and General Palmer's division had retired in rear of the cedars to form a new line. The artillery ammunition was expended; that of the infantry reduced to a few rounds; the artillery horses were nearly all killed or wounded; my ammunition train had been sent back to avoid capture; a heavy column of the enemy was marching directly to our rear through the

Page  126 126 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. cedars; communication with Generals Rosecrans or Thomas was entirely cut off, and it was manifestly impossible for my command to hold the position without eventually making a hopeless, fruitless sacrifice of the whole division. To retire was but to cut our way through the ranks of the enemy. The order was given and manfully executed, driving back the enemy in front, and checking his approaching columns in our rear. All the regiments in my command distinguished themselves for their coolness and daring, frequently halting and charging the enemy under a withering fire of musketry. On approaching General Rousseau's line the battalion of regu-: lars, under command of Major King, at my request, gallantly charged forward to our assistance, sustaining a severe loss, in officers and men, in the effort. Colonels Stanley and Miller now promptly re-formed their brigades with the remaining portions of the batteries, and took position on the new line, as designated by Major General Thomas. Shortly afterwards the 29th brigade was ordered to the left to repel an attack from the enemy's cavalry on the trains. The troops remained in line all night and the next day in order of battle until noon, when the division was ordered to the right of General McCook's line, in expectation of an attack upon his front. The next day, January 2, at one o'clock p. m., my command was ordered to the support of General Crittenden's, on the left, and took position in the rear of the batteries on the west bank of Stone river. About 3 p. m. a strong force of the enemy, with artillery, advanced rapidly upon General Van Cleve's division, which, after sustaining a severe fire for twenty or thirty minutes, fell back in considerable disorder, the enemy pressing vigorously forward to the river bank. At this important moment the 8th division was ordered to advance, which it did promptly, the men crossing the river and charging up the steep bank with unflinching bravery. The 21st, 18th, 69th, and 74th Ohio, 19th Illinois, 11th Michigan, 37th Indiana, and 78th Pennsylvania volunteers displaying their usual promptness and gallantry. Four pieces of artillery and a stand of colors belonging to the 26th (rebel) Tennessee were captured at the point of the bayonet, and a large number of prisoners, the enemy retreating in disorder. It is proper to mention here that the artillery practice of Shultz's, Mendenhall's! Standart's, Nell's, Marshall's, and Stokes's batteries, which were acting temporarily under my orders in this engagement, was highly satisfactory, giving the enemy great tribulation. The promptness displayed by Captain Stokes in bringing his battery into action by my orders, and the efficient manner with which it was served, affords additional evidence of his marked ability and bravery as an officer and patriot. In the same connexion I feel permitted to speak in complimentary terms of the gallant Morton, and his pioneer brigade, which marched forward under a scathing fire to the support of my division. The enemy having fallen back to their intrenchments, my division recrossed the river and resumed its former position. On the evening of the 4th the 29th brigade was moved forward to the north bank of Stone river, near the railroad, as an advance force. On the same day General Spear's 1st Tennessee brigade was assigned to the 8th division. This brigade distinguished itself on the evening of the 3d in a desperate charge on the enemy, a report of which is included in General Spear's report, annexed. On the morning of the 5th I was ordered to take command of the advance and pursue the enemy towards Murfreesboro'. By 9 a. m. the 8th division, Colonel Walker's brigade, pioneer brigade, and General Stanley's cavalry force, had crossed the river and taken possession of Murfreesboro' without having met any resistance, the rear guard of the enemy retreating on the Manchester and Shelbyville roads, our cavalry pursuing, supported by the 29th brigade on the Shelbyville pike, and by Colonel Byrd's 1st East liennessce regiment on the Manchester pike.

Page  127 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 127 The rear guard of the enemy, (three regiments of cavalry and one battery,) was overtaken on the Manchester pike, five miles from Murfreesboro'. Colonel Byrd fearlessly charged this unequal force of the enemy, driving him from his position with a loss of four killed and twelve wounded; enemy's loss not ascertained. Our army marched quietly into Murfreesboro', the chosen position of the enemy, which he was forced to abandon after a series of desperate engagements. The joyful hopes of traitors have been crushed-treason receiving another fatal blow. My command enthusiastically join me in expression of admiration of the official conduct of Generals Rosecrans and Thomas. During the most eventful periods of the engagements their presence was at the point of danger, aiding with their counsels and animating the troops by their personal bravery and cool determination. I refer to my command with feelings of national pride for the living, and personal sorrow for the dead. Without a murmer they made forced marches over almost impassable roads, through drenching winter rains, without a change of clothing or blankets, deprived of sleep or repose, constantly on duty for eleven days, living three days on a pint of flour and parched corn. Ever vigilant, always ready, sacrificing their lives with a contempt of peril, displaying the coolness, determination, and high discipline of veterans, they are entitled to our country's gratitude. Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, and Tennessee, may proudly inscribe upon their scrolls of fame the names of the 78th Pennsylvania volunteers; 18th, 21st, 69th, and 74th Ohio; Schultz's and Marshall's batteries, (Ohio;) the 11th Michigan; 19th Illinois; 37th Indiana; Nell's section, Kentucky battery, and Spear's Tennessee brigade. I respectfully refer to the reports of General Spear, Colonels Miller and Stanley, which I approve and append hereto, for a detailed account of the part taken by each portion of the command, and for special reference to the meritorious conduct of individuals in their respective commands. In addition to which I make honorable mention of the bravery and efficient services rendered by the following named officers and men, for whom I earnestly request promotion: East Tennessee brigade.-Brigadier General Spears, commanding; Colonel T. R. Stanley, commanding 18th Ohio volunteer infantry; Colonel John F. Miller, commanding 29th Indiana volunteer infantry; Captain James J. C. C. Morton, commanding pioneer regiment. Chicago battery.-Captain James H. Stokes, commanding. 15th United States infantry.-Major John A. King, commanding. 4th Indiana battery.-Captain Rush, commanding. 4th Ohio battery.-Captain W. A. Standart, commanding. 8th division.-Captain James A. Lowrie, A. A. G.; Lieutenant Frederick H. Kennedy, A. D. C.; Captain Charles F. Wing, A. Q. M.; Major F. H. Gross, medical director; Captain James R. Haden, orderly officer; Lieutenant W. W. Barker, A. D). C; Lieutenant Robert H. Cochran, provost marshal; Lieutenant Thomas Riddle, A. A. C. S.; Lieutenant Charles C. Cook, A. A. I). C.; Lieutenant W. D. Ingraham, topographical engineer; Captain Frederic Schultz, Lieutenant Joseph Hem, battery M, 1st Ohio artillery; Lieutenants Alexander Marshall, John Crable, Robert D. Whittlessy, battery G, 1st Ohio artillery; Lieutenants A. A. Ellsworth, W. H. Spence, Nell's section Kentucky artillery; Lieutenant H. Terry, 3d Ohio cavalry; Sergeant H. B. Fletcher, company K, 19th Illinois volunteers; Corporal K. G. Rice, company K, 1st Wisconsin volunteers; Private James A. Sangston, company C, 79th Pennsylvania volunteers; Sergeant Charles Kamboun, company K, 74th Ohio volunteers; Private William Longwell, orderly, 7th Pennsylvania cavalry.

Page  128 128 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Escort.-Sergeant George C. Lee; Corporal E. H. Daugherty; Privates Henry Zimmerman, Henry Schwenk, John Higgins, Leon Starr, Daniel Walker, John D. McCorkle, Abraham Kepperly, George Gillen, John Cunningham. The following is an approximate report of the casualties of my command during the battles before Murfreesboro', Tennessee, December 30 and 31, 1862, and January 2 and 3, 1863. Went into action. Lost in action.'Killed. Wounded Missing. Horses Guns. Second division,centre, W _______ 14th army corps. a a a sa o 0..-...~ 7'4 IstE Tenn. brigade.. 66 734 8 ---- 3 1 22. -..... ]. 29th brigade. -.-... 93 1,719 37 -- 8 77 25 259... 94 5:- 5... 7th brigade...... 71 1,948.. — 3 79 20 415 1 193 -.Infantry 230 4,401 45.. 11 160 46 696 1 178 5 4 5..... Schultz's battery —.. 2 75 56 4-. 1 1 —-- 1-5-4 1 Marshall's battery —-- 3 110 116 6 5 5. 14 34 12. 4 Nell's battery........ 2 4 40 3 1_ 3. 6. 6 4 1 1 Artillery........ 7 23 212 13 = 5 1 8. 21 57 2 4 6 1 Total........... 237 4,632 25713 11 167 47 704 1 386224 9 6 1 My command captured from the enemy upwards of 400 prisoners, four brass pieces of field artillery, and one stand of regimental colors. I have the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JAMES S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General. Major GEORGE E. FLYNT, Chief of Staf. HEADQUARTERS FIRST TENNESSEE BRIGADE, lHawthorn's, near Murfreesboro', Tenn., January 9, 1863. GENERAL: I herewith beg leave to submit the following report, which is intended to embrace the action of the troops under my command, from the 2d inst. up to the present date. At 12 o'clock m. on January 2, 1863, when at Nashville, Tenn., I was ordered by Brigadier General Johnson, military governor of the State, to immediately take command of the 1st and 2d East Tennessee volunteer infantry, and such other troops as would be assigned me by Brigadier General Mitchell, commanding post, which were the 11th Michigan volunteer infantry, about 300 men strong, commanded by Captain; the 85th Illinois volunteer infantry, Colonel Moore commanding, 35 40 to 400 men strong, together with two ections of the 10th Wisconsin battery, commanded by Captain Barber; as

Page  129 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 129 company of cavalry under Lieutenant -; also Colonel Pickins, commanding 300 mounted volunteers of the 3d Tennessee cavalry, which forces were placed under my command for the purpose of conducting and protecting a train of 303 wagons loaded with commissary stores for the army then before Murfreesboro'. I assumed command of the said forces at the junction of Market street and Murfreesboro' pike at 5 o'clock p. m., at which place I took up the line of march, throwing out skirmishers and otherwise disposing the forces under my command in such manner as I believed would best protect the train. After marching all night I reported myself and command to Major General Rosecrans's headquarters at 5 o'clock on the morning of the 3d instant, and by his order turned over the train to his commissary. Major General Rosecrans then ordered me to report to General McCook, which I complied with, and after receiving orders and instructions from General McCook I placed the artillery under my command in position, drew up the infantry in line of battle, and the enemy failing to make any demonstrations in front on the right wing we stacked arms and took refreshments. At this time I was ordered by General Rosecrans to turn the cavalry in my command over to General Stanley, which was done. The skirmishing in front of General Thomas's division becoming heavy, I was ordered by General Rosecrans to change my position and report to General Thomas, which I did, and by his order took a position in front of his division, relieving troops that had held said position during the night. I received further orders from General Thomas to place my artillery in reserve and to throw up an intrenchment of my force, in doing which, two of my men, privates in the 1st and 2d East Tennessee regiments, were wounded. I was also authorized by General Thomas, if I thought proper, to throw out skirmishers, consisting of three or four companies, and retake and drive the enemy from a piece of woods in our front. After my force had finished the intrenchments, I was informed by an aid of General Rousseau that he would co-operate with me in throwing out skirmishers and in retaking the woods and driving the enemy from the same as soon as the artillery had began shelling the woods, which was to be the signal for advance. In accordance to this I threw out two companies (company A, Captain Duncan, and company B, Captain Sawyer) from the 1st East Tennessee regiment, also company A, Captain Masney, of the 2d East Tennessee regiment, and' one company of the 85th Illinois, and one company of the 14th Michigan as skirmishers, at the same time that skirmishers were thrown out from General Rousseau's division. Shortly after sundown the signal was given by shelling the woods, and the skirmishers advanced. The skirmishing becoming heavy, my force advancing in front, and General Rousseau's upon the right, it was soon discovered as they approached the woods the enemy was there in strong force and intended to maintain his position with the greatest obstinacy, so much so that I thought fit to order up Lieutenant Colonel Milton, commanding 2d East Tennessee regiment, to support the skirmishers in front. By this time the skirmishers had driven the enemy back and gained the edge of the woods. Colonel Milton was ordered to advance as near as possible to the woods, and then to order his men to lie flat on the ground. By that time darkness had set in. I ordered Colonel Byrd, with the 1st East Tennessee regiment, to take his position behind the intrenchments, while I ordered Lieutenant Colonel Philips, of the same regiment, to take command of the 14th Michigan regiment, and to flank the enemy upon the left and rear, and I ordered the skirmishers to withdraw in good order and retreat behind the 2d Tennessee regiment, which at this time was pouring a galling fire into the enemy, while a hot fire was kept up by General Rousseau's skirmishers on the right and from the Michigan regiment on the left, which was kept up until the enemy abanEx. Doc. 2 9

Page  130 130 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS, doned his position, being completely routed. The engagement lasted from 6 to near 8 o'clock, during most of which time Major General Thomas was a spectator on the field. I then ordered my forces to retire behind the intrenchments, throwing an advance picket forward to hold the position we had taken. The force under my command in this engagement was composed of regiments and parts of regiments: of the 1st regiment East Tennessee volunteer infantry, 400 men; of the 2d regiment East Tennessee volunteer infantry, 400 men; of the 14th regiment Michigan volunteer infantry, 300 men; of the 85th regiment Illinois volunteer infantry. The loss in my command of Tennessee troops was four wounded from the 1st regiment, and seven wounded from the 2d regiment East Tennessee volunteers. None killed or missing. The 14th regiment Michigan volunteers, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Philips, of the 1st East Tennessee, reported two killed and three wounded. The regiment left for Nashville, as soon as the engagement was over, with the 8th Illinois regiment, which during the engagement was held as a reserve and had no casualties. Nineteen prisoners were taken and sent to corps headquarters. The loss of the enemy is not known, but said to be considerable, his'strength being variously estimated at from one to two brigades. On the morning of the 4th instant I received an order from Major General Rosecrans informing me that I, together with my command, had been permanently attached to the eighth division, commanded by Brigadier General Negley. On the evening of the same day I was ordered by General Negley to hold myself in readiness to march at a moment's warning. At 10 o'clock at night I received an order from General Negley to order one of my regiments to report to Colonel Miller, commanding seventh brigade, for picket duty, which order was complied with by sending forward Lieutenant Colonel Milton in command of the 2d East Tennessee regiment at ] o'clock a. m. on the 5th. On the morning of the 5th I received a verbal order from General Negley to immediately move forward with the remaining force under my command, consisting of the 1st East Tennessee infantry, Colonel R. K. Byrd, and 6th East Tennessee infantry, Colonel Jos. A. Cooper, also two sections of a battery (10th Wisconsin) commanded by Captain Beebee, and support Colonel Miller, who was in advance engaged in building a bridge over Stone river for the purpose of crossing infantry, the railroad bridge having been burned and injured by the enemy to such an extent as to render it unsafe. Being detained, Colonel Byrd and Colonel Cooper set their men to repairing the railroad bridge and crossed about the same time that Colonel Miller's rear crossed the other bridge, marching through the town of Murfreesboro', with my force in the rear of Colonel Miller's brigade. I was there ordered by General Negley to take and occupy a position near the crest of the ridge on the Manchester pike, which position I now occupy. In the mean time, the cavalry having advanced upon the rear of the enemy then in our front, and the skirmishing becoming heavy, I was ordered by General Negley to support the cavalry with one regiment of infantry and one section of artillery, which I did by immediately ordering Colonel Byrd's regiment of East Tennessee, 400 men strong, and Captain Beebee with one section of artillery, to go forward and report to Brigadier General Stanley, commanding the cavalry in front. The enemy had retreated to a point in the woods, near the Manchester pike, five miles from Murfieesboro', where they had stopped and formed " line of battle." On the arrival of Colonel Byrd's and Captain Beebee's commands a sharp fight took place, both sides using artillery and small arms, which resulted in a complete rout of the enemy-not, however, without some loss to us; Colonel Byrd losing three men killed, and twelve wounded, mostly slight.

Page  131 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 131 About the time the fight was going on between our infantry and cavalry force and the enemy, I received a verbal order from General Negley to advance to the front with the remaining force under my command, which I did as rapidly as possible; but before I could arrive on the battle-field General Stanley, with his brigade of cavalry, and Colonel Byrd, with his gallant Tennesseeans, aided by Captain Beebee's shells, had succeeded in driving the enemy so that not one could be seen. All the troops under my command behaved well, and Colonel R. K. Byrd, of the 1st East Tennessee, and Lieutenant Colonel Philips, of the same regiment, are both said to have distinguished themselves; Colonel Byrd having his horse shot and wounded, and several balls passing through his clothes. Several prisoners were taken. The loss of the enemy has since proved to be some thirty in killed, besides wounded, which he took off. The 2d sections of the 10th Michigan battery were not permanently attached to my command, and have since been ordered back to Nashville. Herewith I enclose the reports of Colonel Cooper, 6th East Tennessee regiment volunteer infantry, describing the march from Nashville to this point, and his encounter with the enemy on his way. All of which is respectfully submitted. I am, general, your obedient servant, JAMES G. SPEARS, Brigadier General, Commanding 1st Tennessee Brigade. Brigadier General JAMES S. NEGLEY, Commanding 8th Division, 14th Army Corps. Went into action. Lost in action. Killed. Wounded. Horse. Command. S I 50 E 1st East Tennessee, 400 -- 33 367 4 3 ------ 16 1 2d East Tennessee. 400 —. — - 33 367 4 -— 1 6. 14th Michigan, 300 —------------- ------ ------ ----- ------ -- 85th Illinois, 350 —-------- -- - -- ------ ---- ------ -—. Total - 66 734 8 3 1 22 1 0 Ordered out of my command immediately after the action. I have no report from these regiments. HEADQUARTERS 6th EAST TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS, Camp near Muufreesboro', Tennessee, January 9, 1863. SIR: Permit me to submit this my official report of the march of my regiment from Nashville to Murfreesboro', in obedience to Special Order No. 8, as follows:

Page  132 132 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. ["Special Order No. 8.] " HEADQUARTERS 1ST BRIGADE, TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS, "Nashville, Tennessee, January 3, 1862. " Colonel Cooper, with his entire command for duty, will at once take up the line of march upon the Murfreesboro' pike. They will take two days' rations. They will report on said road to Colonel Daniel McCook. "By command of General Spears. D. C. TREWHITT, "Assistant Adjutant General." Complying with the above order, we took up the line of march at 8 o'clock. We marched out to the junction of the pike, where we lay in the rain about three hours waiting for the commanding officer, Colonel Daniel McCook. He arrived about 12 o'clock, and gave the following order:'The two regiments in advance of you will march in front with the regiment of regular cavalry, all except fifty, the remaining fifty will act as rear guards for the whole. Your regiment, the 6th Tennessee, will march immediately in rear of the train." We then took up the line of march to Murfreesboro.' We marched, without halting, about six miles, arriving this side the Lunatic Asylum. There we, together with a part of the 2d East Tennessee cavalry which had come up with us, met a body of the enemy. The cavalry, filing to the right, engaged the enemy, who consisted of two or three regiments of cavalry, supported by a small piece of artillery. The cavalry fired one or two rounds and fled in confusion, running through the trains. Just previous to this occurrence I received orders from Colonel McCook to move my regiment forward, on the left, to the loss of the rise. I marched forward in double quick, gained hhe point designated just in time to arrest the charge of the enemy. I engaged the enemy in a smart skirmish for some ten or fifteen minutes, killing some six or eight, and wounding several, and capturing ten prisoners. I met the enemy and repulsed them without assistance from the front. Immediately after skirmish a battalion of infantry came up on the left and assisted us in holding the position. We met the enemy and whipped them without the loss of a man either in killed, wounded, or missing. My men acted with great coolness and bravery. The train was soon reorganized, and we were again on the march. We arrived at Lavergue without interruption. At that point the two regiments in advance and the battalion which came up during the skirmish were mounted on the train, leaving my command on foot in rear of the train. I rode forward and asked Colonel McCook what I should do. He first said I had better encamp there with my command. I then told him it was "most too far from shore for me to cast anchor." He then ordered me to march on as fast as I could on foot, so that if they were attacked we could come up to their assistance, and said " he was ordered to go through that night." I obeyed said order, keeping in my rear the one hundred cavalry first mentioned, and a portion of the 2d Tennessee cavalry, until we arrived inside the lines. I then halted, let the cavalry pass, and went into camp for the night. Next morning at daylight I took the line of march, and marched to headquarters of Major General Rosecrans, where I reported to Brigadier General James G. Spears. All of the above I respectfully submit. I had in all when I went to the skir

Page  133 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 133 mish, and also when it ended-present, 12 commissioned officers and 213 enlisted men. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JOSEPH A. COOPER, Colonel Gti East Tennessee Infantry. Captain D. C. TREWHITT, Ass't Adj. General, 1st Brigade, East Tennessee Volunteers. HEADQUARTERS TWENTY-NINTH BRIGADE, Battle-field near lur'freesboro', Tenn., January 4, 1863. -SIR: Before the smoke of battle is over, and while the dead lie uninterred, I desire to make the following important report: On the 30th December the 8th division occupied the extreme right of the advance of the army at this point, my brigade occupying the right. The enemy were in our immediate front and extending to our right. It was expected that General McCook would occupy our right and first engage the enemy there. I directed Colonel Scott, with his regiment, (the 19th Illinois,) as skirmishers, to protect our right flank, but not to bring on an engagement, as you had orders not to do so at that time. It, however, became necessary to occupy some buildings in a field from which we were annoyed by the enemy, and Colonel Scott drove them from the place and afterwards held it. We were then annoyed from a barn and brickkiln in our advance and right, and Colonel Scott charged and drove them away; Quite a number of the enemy were killed in these skirmishes and some two or three of our men. During the day General McCook came up on our right and sharply engaged the enemy. At night we lay on our arms, and early on the morning of the 31st December our skirmishers advanced and drove the enemy's skirmishers partly through the woods in our front, and General McCook engaged them on our right, but eventually fell back; and then a very heavy force was precipitated on our front and right, and on the 7th brigade, to my left. This infantry force was supported by a battery. on our front and one in intrenchments on our left, and the fire was very severe; but the brigade (as also did the 7th brigade, on my left) sustained the fire without falling back, and poured such a well-directed fire upon the enemy that they faltered, and their ranks were thinned and stayed; but the troops on our right and left had fallen back so far as to bring the enemy dn three sides of us and fast closing on our rear. At this time General Negley directed the division to cut its way through, to join our other troops in the rear This we did in good order, halting at two points and checking the enemy by a well-directed fire, which, by this time, they had learned to fear. After we had formed in line behind the crest of a hill, an officer from another division rode to the front of the 8th Ohio and ordered them forward, himself leading the way, and made the charge upon the enemy in the woods; but the enemy was so strong there the regiment was compelled to fall back with heavy loss. As soon, however, as I saw the move, I called upon the 11th Michigan to follow me to their support, which they did most gallantly; but I soon called them off, as they had no support and the fire was murderous. I exceedingly regretted this order from an officer not having command over me, and without consulting yourself or me, and many of my men were left on the field. Early in the action of this day I discovered that Colonel Casselly, of the 69th Ohio volunteers, was so drunk as to be unfitted to command, and I ordered him to the rear in arrest, and placed Major Hickox in command, who soon after was injured by the concussion of a shell so as to be unfit for duty, and thus the regiment was left without a commander. I, however, knew nothing of this for some time after; but members of my staff found them scattering, rallied them,

Page  134 134 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS; and directed the senior officer present, Captain Putnam, to take command. Captain Brigham, the senior captain of the regiment, had' been out with skirmishers, and was not at this time with the regiment. The regiment did but little service in the action, but the company officers did what they could, and in that way helped us some. I recommend the dismissal of Colonel Casselly from the service. I cannot for a moment tolerate or pass over such flagrant conduct. I saw nothing of him after the action, but have learned that he was wounded and has gone to Nashville. A man who will come to the field of battle, having the lives of so many in his keeping, in such a situation, no matter what his social position, is totally unfit for any command. On the 2d of January the enemy attacked the left flank of our army in strong force of infantry and artillery, and soon drove our scattered forces to the rear. General Rosecrans and General Negley were both on the ground occupied by the 8th division, and ordered my brigade forward across Stone river to stay the advancing forces. This was done with a will, the 19th Illinois leading, accompanied by the 7th brigade. They met the enemy with cheers, and with such determination that very soon the enemy gave way, followed closely by us, and were driven from every position of the hill, through the woods, and through an open field to woods beyond. In this gallant charge my brigade charged a battery and took three brass pieces. We occupied the field, and soon re-enforcements came to our relief, but it was nearly dark, and did not deem it prudent to advance further without orders, as there was a battery in the woods beyond which took effect upon us at short range. I here rallied my men and formed a little in rear of the crest of the hill. It was now about dark, and upon your order I withdrew my command to our former position. In this engagement, as also in the one of the 31st December, the 7th brigade acted in concert with pny own, and sometimes the two, to some extent, were intermingled, but fought together without confusion; and thus the troops from Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan stood side by side, each vieing with the other in the conflict. With the exception-of Colonel Cassilly, I know of no conduct worthy of censure, but much to commend. They acted with that bravery expected of welldisciplined troops fighting in a just cause. They stood manfully and bravely the appalling fire of a much larger force, and in the last engagement met'and repulsed the enemy in superior force, elated with a supposed victory. The officers and men, almost without exception, behaved with the most determined bravery. Colonel Stoughton, of the 11th Michigan, was in the thickest of the fight, encouraging his men, and throughout both engagements acted with the most distinguished gallantry. Good judgment was also displayed by him in rallying his own men and others of my brigade at the crest of the hill in the last engagement during my temporary absence on another part of the field. Colonel Scott, of the 19th Illinois, was also where danger was most imminent, and by his coolness and bravery aided his regiment in their gallant defence the first day, and charge the second. He was seriously wounded in the second engagement and carried off the field cheering and encouraging his men. Lieutenant Colonel Given, of the 18th Ohio, was also at his post, and the thinned ranks of that regiment show how well they exposed themselves to the missiles of the enemy. He was cool, brave,-and judicious. Those officers, by their coolness and'bravery, as well as good judgment and promptness of action, aided me in all my orders, and thus, by combined action and cool bravery, the brigade sustained the most determined shocks and repulsea the enemy at all points. It would be invidious in me more particularly to specify individual cases of bravery. When all do well it is hard to particularize. It is but just, however, to speak in commendation of Captain Brigham, of the 69th Ohio; under his leadership a part of the regiment was in front of the battle'

Page  135 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 135 in the last engagement and behaved most gallantly. The regiment is a good one, and only needed a leader the first day to have taken a more active part in that engagement. The members of my staff-Lieutenants Bishops, Temple, Platt, Sweeny, Rarick, and Cunningham-all were prompt and efficient in carrying my orders and aiding me, no matter what the danger. The same may also be said of my orderlies and clerks, Coffin, Mercer, and Adams, and Agnew and Riley, who were prompt and efficient. I deem it but an act of simple justice to say of our division commander that in all he was cool, prudent, and determined. In the first engagement, when we were surrounded on all sides by the enemy, (the right and left having retired far to our rear) he said to me, "We must cut our way through," and gallantly led the division for that purpose, but the enemy wisely opened a way for us, and only closed upon us at a respectful distance. If we have acquitted ourselves with honor, much of it is due to his careful training, his cool self-possession, and the confidence we all feel in him. Surgeons Bogue, Johnson, and Elliott, and their assistants, rendered all the aid in their power in alleviating the sufferings of the wounded. It is also claimed by some of my men that the 19th Illinois also took the enemy's colors on the second day. The same is also claimed by the 7th brigade. Suffice it to say that the colors were taken, the two brigades acting in concert. And while I desire for my brigade all credit for gallantry, I would not in the least detract from the other which was side by side with us. In this engagement many of my valuable officers and men were killed and wounded. Our thinned ranks show how well they faced the enemy, The last engagement was against the enemy's best troops in superior force. They had never before been beaten, but now they were driven in confusion, leaving hundreds of the dead and dying on the field. Captain Schultz, with his battery, rendered me efficient service, and was ready and enthusiastic in executing my orders. He did his duty well. On the first day one of his pieces became entangled in the woods and was abandoned. We more than compensated this loss the second day. I append a list of the casualties, and propose hereafter to make a more detailed report. Very respeatfully, your obedient servant, T. R. STANLEY, Colonel Commanding. Captain JAMES A. LOWRIE, A. A. G. and Chief of Staff, Sth Division.

Page  136 136 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Report of casualties. HEADQUARTERS 29th BRIGADE, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tenn., January 10, 1863. Went into action. Lost in action. K illed. Wounded. Miss'g. Horses, Guns. Command. _a 4 a 0 i 0 0 18th Ohio volunteers.'2 423 4 3 26 6 112 23 1 aa ~, l9th Illirois - ---- -.. 23 350 5.2 18 7 75. 2 lth Michigan ----. 17 423 14.. 2 28 6 72 25 2 1. 4.69th Ohio —..- —. 23 523 7.. 1 6 6 45 38 1 —-- Battery M...... 2 75 56 4, 1 1. 1 5 4 1 Total. —-—.-.. 95 1,794 93 4 8 79 2G 304 95 10 7 5 1 Respectfully submitted. Colonel Commanding. M. D. TEMPLE, Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS 7TH BRIGADE, 8TH DIVISION, Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 6, 1863. SIR: In compliance with your request, the following report of the operations of my command before Murfreesboro' is respectfully submitted. On the evening of December 29 qny command took a position in a'field on the right of the Nashville pike, in the rear of General Palmer's line, and bivouacked for the night. At daylight on the 30th, by order of General Negley, I took a position on the right of General Palmer's division, on the edge of a dense cedar woods fronting to the south, and deployed skirmishers from the 78th Pennsylvania and 37th Indiana in front, across and to the left of the six-mile pike, to act in conjunction with the skirmishers of Colonel Stanley's brigade on my right. A brisk fire was kept up between the skirmishers and the enemy's sharpshooters, in the open field to the left and in the woods in front, until the arrival of General Sheridan's division on the right, when our skirmishers were withdrawn for Colonel Roberts's command. During the day General McCook's forces advanced on the right, so that his left rested on our right flank, when a change of front to the left was made by General Negley's division. The enemy had remained quiet on, the open field (now almost directly in my front) in his intrenchments, which were plainly visible, and had kept a battery of four pieces in position at his works all day without firing.

Page  137 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 137 Marshall's and Ellsworth's batteries attached to my brigade, and posted in a small open field, fired an occasional shot into the works without eliciting reply. My command lost about twenty men killed and wounded during the day. Skirmishers were kept out well to the front during the night, and two regiments of my command, with the batteries, were posted in the open field. On the morning of the 31st skirmishing was resumed along our line, and heavy firing was heard in the night along General McCook's line. The firing on our right gradually increased and neared our position, until a continuous roar of artillery and musketry was heard directly in our rear, and the advancing columns of the enemy were on our right and front. Here I received orders from General Negley to hold my position to the last extremity. For this purpose I executed a partial change of my front, and placed my troops in the convex order, as follows: the 78th Pennsylvania, Colonel Sinvell, on the right at the brow of a small hill, the right resting near Schultz's battery of Colonel Stanley's brigade; the 37th Indiana, Colonel Hull, on the right centre; the 74th Ohio, Colonel Moody, on the left centre, behind a rail fence; Marshall's battery on a small hill in the open field to the left of the 74th Ohio; the 21st Ohio, Lieutenant Colonel Neibling, on the left in a thicket, fronting the enemy's works; and Ellsworth's battery near the log-house between Palmer's right and the 21st Ohio. Simultaneously with the advance of the enemy from the right, a heavy force advanced from the enemy's works on my left wing. The batteries at the enemy's works were manned and opened over the heads of the enemy's infantry. Before my regiments were properly in position a most terrific fire was opened upon every part of the line by iniantry and artillery, but there was no wavering, and as the advancing columns of the enemy approached they were met by a well-directed and terribly destructive fire from our line. The batteries were worked with admirable skill, and the firing along our whole line was executed with credible precision. The enemy halted, but did not abate his fire. The roar of musketry and artillery now became almost deafening, and as the unequal contest progressed it became more terrible; once the strong force in the open field in front of my left wing attempted a bayonet charge on the 21st Ohio, but were gallantly met and repulsed with great slaughter. On one of the flags was inscribed "Rock City Guards." The battle continued with unabating fierceness on both sides until the sixty rounds of ammunition, with which my men were supplied, was nearly exhausted. The 37th Indiana was the first to report a want of ammunition, and withdrew a short distance to the rear for a supply; the 74th Ohio and 78th Pennsylvania filling up the interval. The teamsters of thie ammunition wagons had moved to the rear, and when ammunition was being brought forward they turned and fled. Colonel Hull again led his regiment forward, and fired the few remaining cartridges on the persons of the men, taking also such as could be had from the dead and wounded. At this juncture the troops on our right retired, and some unauthorized person ordered Colonel Sinvell to retire his regiment. This regiment was fighting gallantly, and holding the position on the crest of the hill; but, on receiving the order, retired to the cedars in the rear. Seeing this, I immediately ordered Colonel Sinvell forward to the same position. This order was obeyed promptly, and the men again took position in admirable order. Soon after this a heavy force was observed to advance on General Palmer's left, and a hard contest ensued. General Palmer's right brigade held their ground for a short time, and then began to retire; just at this time I received orders from General Negley to retire, slowly, with my command into the woods. My troops were nearly out of ammunition; the enemy was advancing on my right flank and on my left; the fire in front was no less destructive than it had been during the engagement.

Page  138 138 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. The movement was executed in good order by the infantry, but it was impossible for the artillery to obey; nearly all the horses had been killed, the ground was soft and muddy, and the men had not the strength to haul away the pieces. Five guns were lost; four were saved by the men of the batteries, assisted by the infantry. On reaching the woods I halted the command and formed a "line of battle," faced by the rear rank, and delivered several well-directed volleys into the enemy's ranks now crossing the open field over which I had retreated. This checked the advance of the enemy for a short time, strewing the ground with his dead. Being closely pressed on both flanks, and receiving fire from three directions, I again retired my command, the men loading while marching, and firing to the rear as rapidly as possible. In this way my command retreated for the Nashville pike, in a northeast direction. While in the forest, being closely pressed in the rear, the enemy in strong force was encountered on the line of retreat, when a destructive fire was opened upon my column which caused them to break to the right. My men did not run, but marched to the pike, carrying many of our wounded. When near the pike, and when rallying his men, Colonel Hull, of the 37th Indiana, was severely wounded and disabled. He had fought bravely and gallantly during the whole engagement. The 21st Ohio,,Lieutenant Colonel Neibling, rallied near the pike, and, at the request of General Rousseau, took a position for the support of a battery then at work near the road. Ammunition was furnished, and the regiment fought with the battery over an hour, and then rejoined my command on the left of the road where I had organized and obtained ammunition. During this entire engagement, and under all these terribly appalling circumstances, both officers and men of my command behaved with admirable coolness and bravery. Examples of heroic daring and gallantry were everywhere to be seen, but where all acted so well it is difficult to make special mention without doing injustice to many. The cool courage and distinguished gallantry of Colonel William Sinvell, 78th Pennsylvania volunteers; Colonel Granville Moody, 74th Ohio, (who was wounded early in the engagement and refused to leave,the field;) Colonel J. S. Ilull, 37th Indiana, and Lieutenant Colonel James MI. Neibling, 21st Ohio, regimental commander, deserve the highest praise, and the. skill and ability with which these brave officers performed their responsible duties cannot be too highly applauded. The other field officers and company officers and also Lieutenants Marshall and Ellsworth, of the artillery, displayed that high courage and determined bravery which marks the veteran soldier. Too much cannot be said in praise of both officers and men. The losses in my brigade, killed and wounded in the action, amounted to over five hundred men. In the evening of the 31st I was ordered by General Negley to take a position on the centre front across the Nashville road for support to the batteries in position at that place. My command remained in this position until the next morning, when I was ordered to take position as reserve for General Hascall's division to the left of the railroad. In the afternoon of the 1st of January I received orders to march my command to the support of the right of General McOook's corps. I took position as directed, and remained there all night in the open field, and until about one o'clook p. m. on the 2d, when I was ordered to the support of General Crittenden's corps on the left. I took position, as ordered by General Negley, in an open field, in rear of the battery on the left of the railroad and near the bank of Stone river. About 4 o'clock p. m. a furious attack was made by the enemy upon General Beatty's (or Vancleve's) division, then across the river. The fire of the enemy was returned with spirit for a time, when that division retired across the river

Page  139 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 139 and retreated through my lines, which were then'formed near the bank of the river, my men lying down partly concealed behind the crest of a small hill in the open field. As soon as the men of Beatty's division had retired entirely from our front I ordered my command forward-the 78th Pennsylvania on the right; the 21st Ohio on the left, to advance under. cover of the hill along the river bank; the 37th Indiana and 74th Ohio in centre. The 29th brigade moved forward in the same direction, the 18th Ohio on the right, and formed partly in the intervals between the regiments of my right wing. The enemy advanced rapidly, following Vancleve's (Beatty's) division, and gained the river bank, all the time firing rapidly across at my line. My troops opened fire from the crest of the hill; the enemy halted and began to waver. I then ordered the men forward to a rail fence on the bank of the river.. Here a heavy fire was directed upon the enemy with fine effect, and although in strong force, and supported by the fire of two batteries in the rear, he began to retreat. Believing this an opportune moment for crossing the river, I ordered the troops to cross rapidly, which they did with great gallantry under fire from front and right flank. Here the 18th Ohio, part of the 37th Indiana, and part of the 78th Pennsylvania were ordered by some one to proceed up the river on the right bank to repel an attack from a force there firing on my right flank. The colors of the 78th Pennsylvania, and, I think, 19th Illinois, were the first to cross the river-the men followed in as good order as possible. While my troops were crossing a staff officer informed me that it was General Palmer's order that the troops should not cross. The enemy was then retiring, and many of my men across the stream. I crossed in person and saw the enemy retiring. Taking cover behind a fence on the left bank, the men poured a heavy fire into the ranks of the retreating force. The 21st Ohio had crossed thd river on the left and was ascending the bank and fast going into the woods. When in this position I received another order, purporting to come from General Palmer, to recross the river and support the line on the hill. The force on the right of the river was then advancing in the cornfield and driving the enemy, thus protecting my right flank, and having no inclination to turn back I ordered the troops forward. Colonel Stoughton, of the 11th Michigan, formed his regiment and moved along the bank of the river, while the other troops moved forward to his left. The 21st Ohio came in on the extreme left and advanced in splendid style. In crossing the river, the men of the different regiments had to some extent become mixed together, yet a tolerable.line was kept under the colors of the 78th Pennsylvania, 19th Illinois, and 74th Ohio, and the men moved forward with spirit and determination. The enemy's batteries were posted on an eminence in the woods near a cornfield in our front, anfd all this time kept up a brisk fire, but without amuch effect. His infantry retreated in great disorder, leaving the ground covered with his dead and wounded. When within about one hundred and fifty yards of the first battery, I ordered the 78th Pennsylvania volunteers to charge the battery, which was immediately done by the men of that regiment, and the 19th Illinois, 69th Ohio, and perhaps others. The 21st Ohio coming opportunely on the left, the battery, consistihg of 4 guns, was taken and hauled off by the men. The colors of the 26th Tennessee (rebel) at the time of the charge were near the battery, and were taken by men of the 78th Pennsylvania, and brought to the rear. Another battery, further to the front, all this time kept up a heavy fire of grape and canister upon our forces, but without much effect. Seeing my troops in the disorder which follows such success, and being

Page  140 140 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. nearly out of ammunition, I sent a staff officer back to General Negley for re-enforcements with which to pursue the enemy. I ordered the troops to halt and reform, so as to hold the ground until relieved by other troops. This being done, a large body of troops were soon brought to our lines, when I withdrew my command to reform and procure ammunition. At this time Colonel Stanley crossed the river and took command of the regiments of his brigade on that side of the river. I brought my troops across to the right bank of the river by order of General Negley, reformed them, supplied them with ammunition, and took position as support for the batteries on the hill in front. The troops in this action behaved most gallantly, and deserve the highest credit for their bravery. Of the officers who participated in this engagement, honorable mentioned should be made of Colonel William Sinvell, 78th Pennsylvania; Colonel Jas. R. Scott, 19th Illinois, who was severely wounded while leading his regiment; Colonel William L. Stoughton, 11th Michigan; Colonel Granville Moody, 7th Ohio; Lieutenant Colonel Neibling, 21st Ohio; Lieutenant Colonel Elliott, commanding 69th Ohio; Major J. C. Bell, 74th Ohio; Lieutenant Colonel Ward and Major Kimball, 37th Indiana; Captain William Inness, 19th Illinois; Captain Fisher and Lieutenant McElroy, 74th Ohio. The gallantry of these officers, and of many others, cannot be excelled. To my staff officers I am greatly indebted for their efficient and valuable services in both these engagements, as well as for their general efficiency and faithfulness. Major A. B. Bonnaffon, 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, topographical engineer; First Lieutenant Henry M. Cist, acting assistant adjutant general; Lieutenant Alf. Ayars, 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, aide-de-camp; First Lieutenant S. F. Chenny, 21st Ohio, aide-de-camp; First Lieutenant F. I. Tedford, 74th Ohio, brigade inspector, all deserve the highest credit for the ability displayed in the discharge of their duties, and for distinguished gallantry and cool courage on the field. I am also under many obligations to Lieutenant Robert Manque, brigade quartermaster, and Lieutenant Frank Riddle, brigade commissary, for the able manner in which they discharged their duties. Chaplain Lozier, of the 37th Indiana, rendered valuable service by his labor for the comfort of the men, and in taking care of the wounded. His bravery and kindness were conspicuous throughout. I am informed that Surgeon Anderson, 37th Indiana, brigade surgeon, performed his duties in a highly satisfactory manner. Privates Nicholas J. Vail, 19th Illinois, and W. J. Vance, 21st Ohio, acted as orderlies, and deserve honorable mention for their efficiency and bravery; they are both worthy of promotion to the rank of lieutenant. I also recommend for promotion Sergeahts H. A. Miller, A. R. Weaver, F. Mechling, Corporal W. Hughes, 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, and Sergeant P. A. Weaver, 74th Ohio, for deeds of valor on the field. There are many others whose names have not been furnished. You will please find appended a list of killed and wounded, amounting in the aggregate to —. I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JOHN F. MILLER, Colonel 29th Indiana Volunteers, Commanding Brigade. Captain J. A. LOWRIE, Assistant Adjutant General.

Page  141 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 141 Report of Casualties. Went into action. Lost in action. m Q ~ R Killed. Wounded. Missing. Horses. Guns. Command. 3 i 0 0 0 02 o co ad 1 o 0 0 0 o a O a o a 78th Pennsylvania.-. 15 540 -—.. 1 17 4 123. -. 45.. —. 74th Ohio. - - 18 381. —--. 12 5 66 1 84..... 37th Indiana. —------ 17 437... — 2 28 6 105. 9....... 21st Ohio. —-------- 21 590 -- - 22 5 121 55 Battery G, lstOhioV. A. 3 110 116 6.... 5. 5..- 14 3 12.. 4 1st Kentucky battery.. 2 47 4( 3.. 1. 3.-. 6 18 6 4 1 1 Total........- 76 2,105 156 9 3 85 20' 423 1 2135218 4 5 1 JNO. F. MILLER, Colonel 29th Indiana Volunteers, Commanding 7th Brigade. HENRY M. CIST, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. List of casualties of the 7th brigade, commanded by Colonel John F. Miller, in the engagements of December 31, 1862, and January 2, 1863, before MurJreesboro', Tennessee. WTounded.-Colonel John F. Miller, 29th regiment Indiana volunteers, in neck; N. J. Vale, 19th regiment Illinois volunteers, in left arm; Sergeant W. L. Lowrie, of escort, 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, in hand; James Carroll, of escort, 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, in leg. Report of the 78th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, commanded by Colonel William Sinvell. Wounded.-Sergeant Major F. Muhling, in head, slightly. Company A.-Wounded: Lieutenants John M. Marlin, in shoulder, slightly; William R. Maize, in leg; Corporal Samuel L. Serene, in leg; Privates William Cochran, in ankle; Thompson Kelly, in shoulder; James Little, in neck; David McElroy, in leg; Sergeant James M. Miller, in shoulder; Privates James Carroll, in leg; James Guthrie, in shoulder; Adam Keep, in leg, slightly; Robert Ewenswell, in shoulder. Missing: Privates James Buchannan, George F. Curry, John C. Lewis, James D. Lane, Jefferson Palmer, James H. Robinson, and David K. Rankin. Prisoners: George McGoughy. Company B.-Wounded: Sergeants D. K. Thompson, in arm, slightly; W. C. Patkink, in head, slightly; Privates A. J. Cowan, sub-luxatio; Robert Lewis, in thigh; William Youn, in both thighs; Amos Dinger, in abdomen; Elias Diebler, in leg; G. W. Donerspiher, in head, slightly; Solomon Hinnes, in thumb, (amputated;) John J. Spencer, in hip, slightly; Corporals William Mathews, in leg, severely; Mark Sullivan, in leg, slightly; Privates Eli Hendrichs, in arm, severely; John B. Nevill, in leg, severely.

Page  142 142 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Company C.-Wounded: Sergeants Andrew Brown and William H. Thomas, in leg, (flesh;) Corporal William H. H. Miller, knee, (flesh;). Privates Thomas Kepler, leg, (flesh;) Reuben Hilliard, both thighs; Samuel Mohney, leg, (flesh;) William McMillen, hip; David R. Myers, breast; Albert C. Slocum, hand; Samuel Lowry, hip, slight; Lewis Sagers, left lung; Solomon Burkhouse, knee. Missing: Michael Riley, Abraham Forney, Alfred Maitland, William H. Frazier, Sergeant William Lattimer. Company D.-Killed: Private Nathan Kern. Wounded: Privates Jacob Neff, in knee; A. B. Wike, foot; Isaac Kern, slightly; Jeremiah Cook, tibia. Company E.-Killed: Reuben Latshaw. Wounded: Lieutenant James H. Anchors, and a prisoner; Sergeants James G. Briggs, in leg; Thomas M. Graham, and a prisoner; Corporal Jerry Hummel, leg; Privates John Brady, hand; Samuel Burford, arm; David Daniels, right leg; George W. Hogan, side; William Hays, right knee; Charles Myers, wrist; James A. McElwaine, head; Gedrge P. Marsh, knee; William S. Mortimer, side; Gibson J. Moore, leg; George W. Nichols, head; Christian Snyder, head;. James H. Seip, shoulder; James R. Tutsworth, head; H. H. Whiteshell, back; Chambers Yurgling, thigh; Eli M. Call, do.; J. W. Williams, do.; E. W. Slator, do.; Christian Over, do.; James McNutt, side; A. J. Readon, thigh; Joseph W. Dislor, head. Missing: Private Alen Anchors. Company F.-Killed: Privates H. S. Weaver, Philip Griffith, Dennis Conway, James Henry. Wounded: James Penman, head, (mor.;) Michael Sullivan, leg and testicles; Sergeant Absalom R. Weaver, side; Privates Lewis Lossa, leg; David Alter, shoulder and face; Samuel Slusser, thigh; George W. Taylor, hip; Jonathan Needam, leg; Peter Saplee, back. Missing: Private William Street. Prisoners: Corporals John S. Davidson and Robert Mitchell; Privates A. J. Kistler, James Adams, John F. Barr, Benjamin F. Haws. Company G. —Killed: Corporals Arthur Myrtle and Morrison Hall; Private James M. iLrwin. Wounded: Sergeant John C. White, arm; Corporal George G. Boreland, heel; Privates Henry F. Soxman, hip and thigh; James McCrachen, upper arm; James N. McLeod, foot; James M. Cousins, hand; John Hall, knee; William A. Haggerty, leg; Daniel Murphy, thigh; James Shannon, leg, and a prisoner; John G. Bowser, hand; Hugh Hooks, mbuth; Charles Henry, foot; John H. Thompson, knee. Prisoners: John Croyle and Daniel McMullen. Missing: Simon Cousins. Company H.-Killed: Privates James Myers and James Runyan. Wounded: Captain William S. Jack, leg; Sergeant C. F. Smith, head; Corporals John Moore, foot; U. J. Miller, not known; Privates Thomas Sykes, head; George Rose, leg; John C. Black and William Christly, left shoulder; E. Frank, right arm; A. Shindler, head; Dallas Thompson, left hip; E. Wilvon, head. Missing: Henry Forct and J. A. Black. Company 1.-Killed: Privates John Chapman, James Cochlin, George Ressinger, and James Curran. Wounded: Sergeant William C. Murphy, foot; Sergeant John D. Hall, knee; Privates Samuel A. Gray, thigh; Aaron Eakman, leg; James McMeans, arm; James Updegraff, head; William H. Grey, leg; Harrison Daugherty, head; Jesse A. Clement, leg; and James A. Champin, thigh. Missing: Corporals H. V. Ashbough and William Young. Prisoners: Corporal Lewis S. Hill; Privates Thomas Dunlop and Johnston McElroy. Company K.-Killed: Lieutenant Mathew J. Halstead. Wounded: Sergeant W. W. Smith, thigh; Corporals Enoch Gillem, thigh; William Martin, arm; and S. P. Henry, foot; Privates Peter A. Painter, hand; Adam Aikens, (supposed to be killed,) -head; George H. Altman, thigh; David Prunhard, slightly; William Maxwell, slightly; A. Lloyd, slightly; Enoch Hastings, slightly; H. C. Bengough, slightly; Levi Step, slightly; John S. Hartman, head, (severely;) M. C. Bowser, thigh; W. W. Ronney, foot; Levi H. Smith, slightly; and S. A. McClellan, slightly. Missing: Henry Claypole, Samuel

Page  143 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 143 Painter, John Yormkins, and J. C. Smith. Not known: A. Copely and Solomon Sipes. Prisoners: John G. Stroyic, M. Davis, and R. A. Malone. Recapitulation.-Killed, 16; wounded, 133; missing, 23; prisoners, 16; total, 188. Report of killed, wounded, and missing, 74th Ohio volunteer infantry, commanded by Colonel Granville Moody. Colonel Granville Moody, slightly wounded. Company A.-Killed: Corporal Isaac J. Smith; Privates Wyatt C. Jones and Jacob Burhert. Wounded: Sergeant A. C. Mahern; Corporals Samuel Schooley and James R. Hayslett; Privates David S. Wilson, Barney Warters, Michael McNamara, Jesse Curry, and Jacob. Shirk. Missing: Alexander Walthal and Charles Hunter. Company B.-Killed: Private James A. Blessing; Wounded: Sergeant James McCarr; Privates John A. Seuss, William H. Pratt, Ephraim Dickerson, Jacob Widemott, Jesse Levers, H. C. Edwards, and James A. Boone. Missing: Patrick McNary, Edward Pressinger, George B. McClellan, and Charles Lucas. Company C.-Wounded: Sergeant A. B. Castler; Privates Henry G. Forbes, Alfred Harrold, Samuel J. Miller, William McDaniel, Ira S. Owens, James H. Seldomidge, Philip Tracy, Charles M. Wolfe, and Chancy White. Company D.-Wounded: Privates Philip Mineheart, John D. Collins, John Andrew, R. Galloway, John Coppsock, Pat'k Castello, J. McCune, William McAfee, Thomas Hunter, and A. Ames. Missing: Corporals J. H. McClung and Samuel Galloway; Privates James Hamilton, J. G. Stewart, Henry Frock, Uill Drummond, and William Heirman. Company E.-Wounded: Corporal John Fax; Privates Ed. Snider, Wesley Snider, Garrett Luscott, Samuel Putterbough, Peter Shmead, Jacob Callenbough, Clayton Haims, Eli Trustee, William Duffy, John Furgerson, Henry Snyder, and Jacob M. Krist. Company F.-Killed: Sergeant William H. Smith and Private B. G. Hughes. Wounded: Captain Walter Crook; Lieutenant M. H. Peters; Sergeants Enos S. Walters, Cyrus Philips, and Orderly Sergeant Chhrles C. Dobson; Corporals David Brosman and Edw. Shumer; Privates R. N. Elder, George W. Beck, Pat. McCann, Charles Braily, (mortally,) Jonathan Townsens, John A. Brian, and Jacob Caudle. Company G.-Wounded: Orderly Sergeant M. K. McFadden and Sergeant Theodore Leggett; Corporal L. Baker; Privates Hiram Cox, John Handy, William Chambers, James C. Mansfield, and Abraham Dennis. Missing: Charles Weaver. Company H.-Wounded: Captain James H. Ballard; First Lieutenant David Snodgrass; Sergeants Ruper A. Sparr (mortally wounded, since died,) and John W. Dewn; Corporals Philip Stumm, Albert F. Johnston, and Daniel Heim; Privates Calvin Carl, Dudley Day, Joseph Wyburn, John A. Durnard, Augusta Houmard, John Clover, Joseph Early, and George Wise. Missing: Corporal Fred. Shull; Privates Christopher Cline, Morris Halley, and Urs, Tagge. Company I.-Killed: Private John Hawkins. Wounded: Lieutenant Robert Cullem; Sergeant John Trohie; Privates Michael Cormell, Terrence McLaughlin, James McCarthy, and Michael Brannon. Company K.-Killed: Corporal John D. Holson. Wounded: Corporal

Page  144 144 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. William Carter; Privates David Sleeth, Philip Umrich, Robert C. Stewart, and Joseph C. Underwood. Missing: Corporal John M. Carson. RECAPITULATION. Killed in both days' fight..................................... 8 Wounded in both days' fight.................................. 93 Missing in both days' fight................................... 24 Total......................................... 125 Report of killed, wounded, and missing of the thirty-seventh regiment Indiana volunteers, commanded by Colonel James Hall. Company A.-Killed: Privates James Bebe, Lemuel Jackson, and William L. Ross. Wounded: Sergeants James H. Brown and John Grossman; Corporals James M. Powell, William H. H. Davis, Ira Castleton, and A. W. Smither; Privates Oliver Bruner, William Cole, John Hannah, James Harper, John Laswell, Theodore Hess, John B. Montcurf, George A. Myers, J. C. Myers, Ludlow McKestrick, Jesse Moreland, and Josephus Main. Missing: Privates John Hasty, Reuben Sutton, George Buchannan, and Lafayette Keely. Company B.-Killed: Privates George W. Rodgers, Oliver W. Barnard, Isaac Snyder, and Josiah Eglarts. Wounded: Sergeants Jacob W. Stone and James Colten; Corporals Elis W. Fister, Brice B. Moore, and John McCrady; Privates James D. George, John P. Trueman, Alen C. Rose, William Fisk, John S. Price, Samuel Thompson, Julius M. Anderson, and Andrew M. Bell. Company C.-Killed: Private James R. Pate. Wounded: Captain Thomas M. Pate; Sergeant Mitchell H. Day; Corporal Josiah M. Green; Privates John Lawler, George McKay, and James A. C. Herm. Missing: Sergeant Chapman A. Blanchard and Private Joseph Powell. Company D.-Killed: First Lieutenant Jesse B. Holman; Privates Nicholas Aliger and Silas Hall. Wounded: Lieutenant Pye; Sergeants Andrew Von Sickle and Robert Wilson; Corporals Jonas Wise, Mehton Day, and John Hallett; Privates Levi Cochran, John Buchannan, Arthur McCane, Thomas Lawrence, Warren Mergan, Obediah Francisco, Isaac Stearns, John McCane, Edward Hollinsbee, James Robets, Benjamin Stevens, Christian Snedaker, Lysander Webster, John Coils, Moody Lockulger, and Granville Newbury. Company E.-Wounded: Sergeant Charles W. Sherman and Private Thomas Stevens. Company F.-Killed: Captain Charles Stewart; Privates John F. Godert, Samuel C. Smith, James S. Brennoughs, John W. Sanks, and Henry Cravens. Wounded: Sergeants Eliager Cole and John F. Spencer; Privates William F. Roland, William H. Green, Samuel Herndon, Heartly Yanksoger, and William J. Shull. Company G.-Killed: Sergeant Peter Kerr; Privates William Sutton and Robert Craig. Wounded: Captain H. E. Lord; Sergeant H. C. Baughman; Corporals Charles E. Woodapple and Samuel Bayless; Privates Robert Allen, H. C. Anthony, D. W. Cinnery, C. E. Louse, John Hamlin, John Miller, James McCann, Charles Young, Perry Lynche, James Hetrick, Elisha H. Glisson, W. Goshorn, Ira M. Kulir, A. Taylor, Edward M. Small, and J. J. Hinas. Company H.-Killed: Corporals Samuel Williams and Harrison Robbins; Private William R. Murray. Wounded: Sergeants John L. Hice and John Reat; Privates William G. Shafer, James Brick, William H. Thompson, Anderson Owens, John S. Dunglass, and Alfred Watson. Company L.-Killed: Corporal Beardon Jones and Private Reuben Jones. Wounded: Captain William H. Dougherty; Sergeant Robert Huff; Corporal

Page  145 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 145 Theodore Aug; Privates Levi Morris, John Stoll, Andrew Massey, Nicholas Burlbaugh, Ezekial Childors, and Joshua Shaw. Missing: Corporal Robert Blashin and Private John Taylor. Company K.-Killed: First Lieutenant Isaac, Aburmatha and Private Andrew B. Kirkham. Wounded: Captain John W. McKell; Sergeants John Patton and James H. Rankin; Privates John E. Brown, Thomas M. Gainess, James W. Mitchell, David L. Mitchell, John P. Moreloch, Harrison Stewart, and James H. Ruddell. Report of killed, wounded, and missing of 21st regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James M1. Nerbling. Company A.-Killed: First Sergeant Louis Diebley; Privates Abraham Kleckner, William Bradford, and Daniel Swartz. Wounded: Sergeant Erastus Biggs and Corporal Albert Hasner; Privates Jacob Wyne, Godfrey Newser, Jacob Hazen, John Boley, Sylvan Koons, William Kise, James Morrison, Jacob Morning, Levi Bonsher, and Jonathan Fellers; Corporal Joseph Wilson; Privates James Blake, Russell Kennion, Sylvester Hawkins, and Joseph Morning. Company B.-Killed: Private Franck C. Arnold. Wounded: Privates Jacob F. Oman, George Montgomery, Clay C. Martin, John Cram, Jacob Bashop, Martin Keibler, and Joseph Oring. Missing: Privates Adam Walters, David Swan, John Engle, and Abraham Cortright. Company C.-Killed: Second Lieutenant E. B. Wiley; Corporal Seneca Hodge. Wounded: First Lieutenant J. W. Knaggs; Sergeant Asa C. Spafford; Privates Daniel Braner, David Defiance, James McLargin, Newton Barkshamer, Benjamin Everly, Joseph Cox, Samuel Coly, and Fred. Newnberger. Missing: Privates Almond Farnson, E. B. Clough, and H. H. Huston. Company D.-Killed: Corporal William L. Trusk. Wounded: Lieutenant W. C. Allen; Sergeant Alexander C. Anderson; Corporal Valentine Coyn; Privates William Burn, Abraham Boughman, William McKihis, Henry D. Hashberger, Isaac S. Stouk, Aaron Gargery, John H. Askam, Hiram McDowell, and Nathaniel Trusk. Missing: Sergeant Celestin Cochard; Privates George M. Payne and James M. Stout. Company E.-Killed: Privates Wilson S. Musser and Westley Johnston. Wounded: Corporals William Rawles and Nat. Smith; Privates Samuel Gru, Emanuel Schamp, Charles Palmer, Levi M. Brunson, Horace Genter, and Solomon Hoy. Missing: Daniel Richard, John Rittich, and Loyal B. Wirt. Company F.-Killed: Privates John Wilkinson, Edson G. Reed, Solomon Scowden, and Cyrus S. Stoker. Wounded: Sergeant S. M. Biggs; Corporal D. P. Stoher; Privates John G. Slater, Shannon Shoemaker, George W. Carr, Ralph C. Watson, Philip Deitz, Joshus Snoyer, John Sheely, Dannis R. Sloker, and James H. Mays. Company G.-Killed: Joseph Hepringer, Wallace Lewis, and William R. Thomas. Wounded: William Boyer, Thomas Collins, Lenias Jenkins, John M. Edgcomb, Henry Copus, Philip Haynes, Daniel Miller, John Copus, Robert Shoemaker, Franklin Archer, Levi H. Clabough, and Samuel S. Burman. Missing: Adam Helfrich and Charles A. Taylor. Company H.-Killed: Privates John H. Craner, Nicholas Voget, Silas McDonald, and William Taylor. Wounded: Privates Tilman Peters, Christopher Gundy, Liberty Warner, Samuel Batyfisher, George Smith, Edwin Courtier, James Y. Dean, John Hamilton, Harvey Hensted, Levi Brisbin, Henry Hoobler, and Silver Daish. Missing: Westley Seeling and John Foreman. Company I.-Killed: Corporal A. J.Vern; Private Ejias Jackson. Wounded: Lieutenant James J. Bumpus; Sergeant Robert H. Caldwell; Corporals MaxEx. Doc. 2- 10

Page  146 146 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. well C. Reynolds and James M. Parker; Privates James Reynolds, Alexander Ingraham, W. H. Cheeny, Eli Laines, Lyman Wright, John Anderson, Wilson Hutchinson, and John Fitsgiven. Missing: Privates Everson Wainwright and Garrett Kertting. Company K.-Killed: Sergeant David N. Loomis; Private Samuel Burke. Wounded: Lieutenant William B. Wirker; Corporal Sidney R. Patterson; Privates Guy Morgan, William Krose, Jesse Walker, William Shanks, James Banks, James A. Forrest, Sherman Bushnell, James Pember, Charles Myers, and William Forrest. Missing: John Myers and John Coner. Report of the 1st Kentucky battery commanded by Lieutenant H. H. Spence. Killed.-Privates Lewis Sagers and Godfrey Hautt. Wounded: Milton Crawhorn. Report of the 1st Ohio Volunteer battery, commanded by Lieutenant Alexander Marshall. Killed.-Corporal Thomas Strong, Privates Spencer Yuman, Samuel Burford and John' Woodworth. Wounded: Sergeant George W. Bills, Corporal Henry Clayne, Privates James W. Fife, badly, shoulder; Charles A. Whitting, thigh; Edward Beverstock, foot; William Jones, head; James H. Clinton, hand; Henry Yetter, badly, arm; Henry Wilds, slightly, hand. Missing: Privates Jachson Hochet, George B. Cox, William Voltz, Henry Yetten, and Artificer Samuel Brigam. RECAPITULATION. 78th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers............................ 188 74th regiment Ohio volunteers.................................. 125 37th Indiana volunteers......................................... 152 21st Ohio volunteers............................................ 159 1st Kentucky battery........................................... 3 Battery G, 1st Ohio volunteers.............-.................... 18 645 List of killed and wounded of the 2d ditision (centre) 14th army corps during the battle near lMurfreesboro', December 30th and 31sf, 1862, and January 1st, 2d, and 3d, 1863, (29th brigade, Colonel Stanley.) EIGHTEENTH OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Company A: Corporals Josiah Simmons and Augustus S. Royal, and Privates Marshall Blucker, John F. Mowbray and James Hodsden. Company B: Private Robert Wakefield. Company C: Sergeant James Light, and Privates Joseph Cathiel and Henry Folley. Company D: Corporal William Rainer, and Privates Harrison Dart and Oscar F. Clark. Company E: 2d Lieutenant W. W. Blacker; Sergeants John Pearce and John Davis; Privates Dallas Farley, Thomas E. Wroton and James F. Morton. Company F: Private Harrison Sheets. Company G: Privates J. C. Springer and John Pratchard. Company K: Privates W. H. Thompson, Silas D. Wolf, Thomas Long and William Moore, Wounded.-Company A: Lieutenant Colonel Josiah Given; 2d Lieutenant Edmund C. McLarren, leg; Sergeant Henry C. Roby, arm, amputated; Cor

Page  147 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 147 poral David A. Woodland, flesh wound of thigh; Privates Eben. Fennimore, mortal wound of pelvis; Henry W. Purcell, left lung, mortal; Allen Riddell, neck, slight; George Cader, middle finger, amputated; Henry Hays, contusion; Jackson Mackerly, arm, flesh wound; Robert Goff, arm, flesh wound; William Christian, shoulder, slightly; Thomas Goodwin, shoulder, slightly; Enoch Smith, toe, slightly, and Edward E. Traite, leg, flesh wound. Company B: Captain Asbell Fenton, ankle, seriously; Corporals E. W. Ellis, thigh, flesh wound; Archibald Fitzgerald, arm, slightly; George Caylor, leg, slightly; Privates James Buzzard, arm, slightly; Miles Bowen, abdomen, mortally; A. U. Ball, leg, flesh wound; L. S. Bancroft, shoulder, resection; J. H. Chapman, leg; R. Campbell, breast; S. Clawson, contusion by shell; John Hamilton, wrist; A. H. Reames, arm; L. H. Runnand, leg; Asa Scott, fracture of arm; C. L. Williams, arm; E. Wyant, shoulder. Company C: Captain John M. Welsh, leg; 1st Lieutenant A. W. S. Minear, left lung, seriously; Sergeant John W. Root, wrist and arm; Corporals Samuel Hamrick, arm, flesh wound; Jasper Witham, thigh, flesh wound; Privates Ervin Cannor, arm, flesh wound; Hiram Hinhead, head, flesh wound; Isaac McDonald, leg, flesh wound; Daniel North, leg, flesh wound; William Stiles, leg, flesh wound; George Stout, arm, flesh wound; Jonathan Snow, head. Company D: Sergeants A. S. Camp, wrist; Nelson Gaskell, side; Privates Morton Bailey, both legs; John P. Carsey, leg; E. Jones, leg; A. A. Lasler, leg; Felix Riley, arm; William A. Young, head; William Blazer, arm; William Scott, leg. Company E: Captain Philip E. Taylor, abdomen, mortally; Corporals A. R. Hart, foot; James Quinn, resection, elbow joint and wound; Privates Charles Davis, shoulder; Sherman Freese, hip, flesh wound; John L. Grey, hand, seriously; W. H. McDonald, left arm, amputated; G. W. Day, hip, flesh wound; Edward Proctor, arm; John D. Sampson, hand; Oliver B. Tootle, leg. Company F: Sergeants David J. Seawright, wound of knee; William J. Byers, hand; Corporals Thomas H. Wade, head; Thomas P. Byar, head; Privates Harrison Sheets, Holland C. Beard, shoulder; James S. Connor, arm; John Hall, hand; William B. Irvin, finger; John Kendall, hand; James A. Nixon, leg, amputated; Austin W. Pickins, fracture, scapular; Isaac Washington, thigh, flesh wound; Company G: Sergeant William Quigley, thigh, flesh wound; Corporal B. Griffith, knee, amputated; Privates WVm. C. Bowers, abdomen, mortal; John Sanders, arm, flesh wound; S. S. McDivitt, hand, finger amputated; John Charlton, shoulder; H. C. Smith, leg; George Beet, arm. Company H: C. S. Simmons, chest, mortal; A. C. Hamilton, leg; P. M. Phillips, head; Samuel McElroy, foot; Patrick Foard, arm, amputated; Wilson Seft, neck, slightly; Wesley Bader, head; William Malone, head; George Call, leg; Adam Gregory, leg. Company I: Captain C. C. Ross, contusion of side; Sergeants L. D. Carter, contusion of back; William Wright, leg, flesh wound; Privates James B. James, thigh, flesh wound; Thomas A. Towers, hip, shell wound; Henry Crowley, thigh, fracture; James M. Lyons, finger; A. W. Boggs, shoulder. Company K: Captain George Stevens, chest, mortally; Corporal Joseph Haggins, side; Privates Joseph Fullerton, face and arm; Abraham Baringer, face; P. J. Hartly, head; Milton Bosworth, back; George W. Angel, leg, amputated; L. A. Pullin, abdomen; George Hallman, left hand; John Willis, neck; George J. Rice, leg. NINETEENTH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Company A: Corporal Ira A. Pease, and Privates D. L. Holmes and Thomas A. Moore. Company B: Corporal George Ryerson, and Privates Isaac L. Knigan, Charles W. Leason, and James 0. Jones. Company C: Corporal Henry Sevezy. Company F: Captain Chandler and Private Samuel Griffin.. Company H: Private Jesse Maxwell. Company I: Private John

Page  148 148 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Britton. Company K: Sergeant Daniel W. Griffin and, Private James C. Fullerton. Wounded.-Company A: Sergeant William H. Wildey, contusion of arm; Sergeant Rosco G. Sylvester, head, slightly; Corporal Charles Kerr, leg, slightly; Privates Joseph L. Seagle, left side, slightly; M. Kennedy, arm, flesh wound; Samuel Worden, arm, flesh wound; Charles H. Tuthill, wrist; J. H. Edgell, leg, flesh wound; R. P. Blanchard, side, flesh wound; George Utts, abdomen, mortal. Company B: Captain Alexander Marchison, shoulder, contused; 2d Lieutenant John H. Hunter, thigh, serious; Sergeant Thomas Robinson, arm and shoulder; Corporal H B. North, hand, slightly; Privates Columbus Morgan, abdomen, mortal; George Dugan, hand, slightly; Thomas Turnbull, hand, severe; Thomas Oziah, face, slightly; George T. Shaver, arm and thigh; William Douglas, foot; Joseph M. Seacox, arm, flesh wound; Walter Clark, knee, slightly. Company C: 1st Lieutenant Washington L. Wood, hand, severe; Corporal Delevan Craft, leg; Corporal Charles Idair, neck; Privates John Iris, hand; Webster Daniels, wrist; Frank Seguin, side and arm; Wilkins M. Baltis, knee; Edward MAcKelly, knee; Peter Bouckwort, arm. Company D: Corporal Henry C. Daggy, side and leg, mortal; Corporal William B. Taylor, leg, severe; Sergeant Jonas Goldsmith, back, mortal; Corporal Robert McCrackin, side, mortal; Privates John Tansy, back, slightly; Thomas Willard, leg, flesh wound; Joseph Smith, head, flesh wound; Henry C. Carter, left leg; Samuel Madden, shoulder, flesh wound; Jacob Bolls, left side, severe. Company E: Sergeant Joseph Huntington, finger, amputated;' Corporal Peter Guthrie, back; Corporal Alex. M. L. Frazer, back, slightly; Privates David McArthur, face, flesh wound; Thomas King, thigh, flesh wound; John G. P. Noble, back, mortal; George Joell, abdomen; John Stephens, both thighs, arm and shoulder; John Hays, thigh, flesh wound; Thomas Welsh, thigh. Company F: Privates Christopher Moore, left shoulder; Abraham Hess, right side; John Coleman, right hand; William Afland, right leg. Company H: Captain P. A. Garriott, leg, flesh wound; Sergeant V. C. Johnson. leg, *contusion; 2d Lieutenant W. L. Wood, abdomen, mortal; Corporals Lloyd B. Thomas, right knee; John H. Snyder, thigh, flesh wound; Sumner Harrington, side, contusion; William Hagerty, left arm, contusion; Privates George B. Sickles, left shoulder, severe; George F. Fleming, arm, flesh wound; Henry E. F. Wells, left arm, amputation elbow joint; James W. Carson, right wrist; John Benham, leg, fracture; James F. Coleman, head; Josiah Suter, wound and fracture of leg; Metellus Stoughton, thigh, flesh wound; Charles G. Bates, wrist, contusion. Company I: Privates Joseph Malt, thigh; Richard Doring, right arm; Henry Harmes, back; Warren F. Hogan, left shoulder. Company K: 2d Lieutenant V. B. Bell, head; Sergeant L. H. Scadin, leg; Corporal F. Russell, head; Privates R. Periolet, thigh; Peter Smith, face; Edgar Bullen, side; Charles Kent, ear; Col. Joseph K. Scott, thigh and groin. ELEVENTH MICHIGAN VOLUNTEERS. Major Sylvester Smith, seriously wounded in the face. Killed.-Company A: Private Edward Timmer. Company B: Corporal Orim Nichols and Privates Oliver Busby, Daniel Haynes, and William Johnson. Company C: Privates David C. Leonard, James Fisher, and Bennet Smilts. Company E: Lieutenant Thomas Flynn; Sergeant Ezra Spencer and Privates Hiram Everett, Thomas Manning, and Robert Mcllvain. Company F: First Lieutenant Joseph Nelson and Sergeant Jeremiah C. Peck. Company G: Privates Oscar Angel, Perry DeForest, Cyrus W. Gilbert, Silas Kelly, Josepf Kettinger, and Sylvester Nichols. Company H: Corporal James W. Gayer and Privates Chauncey Green and William Chamberlain. Company I: Sergeant

Page  149 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 149 Ariel Palmer and Privates James W. Wait and George E. Jewett. Company K: Privates Thomas Rughity, Simon Hamelton, and Joseph Miller. Wounded.-Company A: Captain David A. Smith, neck, slightly; Corporal E. D. White, leg, slightly; Privates Robert Carpenter, breast, slightly; David Rockwell, shoulder, slightly; Henry Clark, side, slightly; Anson Spencer, left arm, severely; William Wood, leg, severely; William H. H. Platt, hip, severely; C. L. Carpenter, shoulder, severely; Henry Damon, scalp; Daniel Rose, contu sion of thigh; William Lemongen, contusion of side; Byron Barker, contusion of head; Julius Tompkins, head, slightly; Stephen Haxley, head, slightly. Company B: Privates Hennan Adams, left hand; Joseph Bowen, shoulder; Bradley Mosher, head; Levi McGinnis, left foot: Frederick Watman, thigh; Deny Nichols, arm; Oliver Swart, back, slightly; Andrew Silverwood, left foot; Halsey Miller, neck. Company C: Lieutenant L. H. Howard, leg, slightly; Privates William Patten, hand, slightly; Jacob Hackenberg, right side, slightly; Charles Leonard, scalp, slightly. Company D: Corporal D. L. Byrnes, amputation left arm; Privates John George, shoulder, severely; John Quail, shoulder, slightly; William Robson, hand, slightly; B. F. Bordner, arm, slightly. Company E: Privates George Quay, slightly; Andrew Knapp, slightly; Bradley Lane, slightly; William Sherman, severely; Benjamin Clubine, back, severely; Peter V. Dobbs, back, severely; Frank Bouter. Company F: Second Lieutenant Ephraim Hall, neck; Corporal Meron M. Comstock, thigh, slightly; Private William Sprafford, shoulder, slightly. Company G: Lieutenant F. H. Briggs, leg, slightly; Sergeant James Bouter, head, slightly; Corporal Charles Myers, shoulder, slightly; Privates James R. Hass, right arm, slightly; Andrew Kershmar, face, slightly; Charles M. Nichols, head, slightly; James Ross, left arm, slightly; John Austin, amputation right ankle; Stephen Andrews, forearm, severely; David F. Barret, leg, severely; Augustus E. Dickenson, hand, severely; Jesse M. Nash, right lung, mortally; Martin Farmer, right arm; Martin V. B. Williams, right side, slightly. Company H: Privates Harvey Vanderhoof, left arm and right shoulder; E. A. Green, back; Dennis Ussuick, face. Company I: Corporal Marcus I. Baker, face; Privates Walter F. Halleck, face; L. Barnes, thigh, slightly; Eli Lamkin, foot, slightly; George Francisco, head, slightly. Company K: Lieutenant P. H. Hugan, face, slightly; Sergeants Elmer Bradley, right leg, slightly; John H. Johnson, head and leg, severely; Coleman Darkin, right hand, severely; John D. Hugin, thigh, severely; Corporals James Boulton, left shoulder, severely; Frank Papin, thigh, severely; Privates Myron Bragg, back, severely; Alphonso Cherrey, right arm, severely; Anson Farmer, left hand, severely; Homer Goodale, hip, severely; Harry William, head, severely; Adam Sehr, right hand, severely; Jacob M. Pommell, shoulder, severely; Daniel Rapp, back, severely; Peter Seely, hand, severely; Edward Finch, head and arm, slightly; Daniel Patterson, hip, slightly. SIXTY-NINTH OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Colonel Cassidy wounded in the arm; Adjutant Boynton wounded in the knee. Killed.-Company B: Sergeant McGillan. Company E: Corporal P. B. Albright and Private J. J. Stoker. Company G: Corporal Brown. Company H: Captain Counsellor. Wounded.-Company A: Lieutenant L. E. Hicks, shoulder; Sergeant S. Scott, shoulder; Corporal T. Tetuch, thigh; Privates R. Merchant, leg; J. Bragg, leg; H. F. Colferm, leg; J. Simpson, arm; L. Halse, leg; B. Stewart, leg, mortally. Company B: Lieutenant Tucker, shoulder, slightly; Privates D. Stebbins, ankle, slightly; W. Porter, face, slightly; J. Bulger, left hand, slightly; J. Halse, left hand, slightly. Company C: Privates Longfellow,

Page  150 150 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. back, severely, and P. Burch, cheek, slightly. Company D: Sergeant King, hand; Corporal Desor, neck, slightly; Privates H. Stolle, back, slightly; R. Wilson, leg, slightly; H. Zumi, hand, slightly; A. Hawkins, shoulder, slightly; D. Shadetaker, thigh, slightly; H. Haskins, shoulder, mortally. Company E: Sergeant Perry, hand; Privates M. Jones, neck; J. Yenatles, thigh; G. A. Davis, arm; James Red, side. Company F: Sergeant G. Shedd, shoulder; Privates J. J. Simmons, foot; J. M. Havens, leg. Company G: Captain Patten, leg and side; Corporals F. Buck, arm; Pritts, knee; Privates J. Holter, neck; Joel Wagoner, shoulder; Howell, hand. Company H: Sergeant Eckridge, leg; Corporal J. Brobeck, abdomen, slightly; Privates J. Peterson, thigh, slightly; G. Wiederlich, back, slightly. Company' I: Corporals Williams, amputation of leg; McKelvey, amputation of leg; Kildon, leg; McAllister, leg, flesh wound; Private R. R. Wells, flesh wound. Company K: Corporals Jones, side, flesh wound; Graham, thigh, flesh wound; Privates Garvan, hip; N. Johnson, side. SUMMARY. 18th Ohio volunteers. K illed.................................................... 26 W ounded................................................. 115 Missing, (not included above)................................. 26 - 167 19th Illinois volunteers. K illed.................................................... 14 W ounded............................................... 83 Missing, (not included above).................................. 11 - 108 11th Michigan volunteers. K illed.................................................... 30 Wounded............................................... 84 Missing, (not included above).................................. 25 - 139 69th Ohio volunteers. Killed.................................................... 5 W ounded.................................................. 53 - 58 Total............................................... 472 List of killed and wzounded, second division, (centre,) fourteenth army corps, seventh brigade, Colonel Miller commanding. TWENTY-FIRST OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Company A: Sergeants Levi Dibley and Erastus Biggs, Privates David Swartz and William Bradford. Company B: Private F. C. Arnold. Company C: Lieutenant Enoch B. Ariby, and Corporal Seneca Hadjee. Company D: Private William Brask. Company E: Privates W. S. Musser and Wesley Johnson. Company F: Privates Edson J. Reed, Solomon Sconton and Cyrus Stoker. Company G: Privates Joseph Heninger, William Thomas and Wallace Lewis. Company H: Privates John H. Bromer and Nicholas Vogle, Sergeant Silas McDonald, and Corporal William Taylor. Company I: Corporal Alonzo J. Vean and Private Elias S. Jackson. Company K: Sergeant David Loomis and Private Samuel Berk.

Page  151 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 151 TWounded.-Company A: Corporals Albert Hasner, thigh; Joseph Wilson, arm; Privates James B. Coke, thigh; Henson Russell, thigh; John Roley, leg; John Fuller, thigh; Levi F. Boucher, head and leg; William Wise, head and leg; Godfrey Musser, chest; James Morrison, head; Lyman Hoons, head; Jacob Hoison, arm; Jacob Wise, face; Asa Babcock, shoulder; Joseph Swining, wrist. Company B: Privates Clay C. Morton, arm; John Crone, face; George Montgomery, face; Jacob Oman, face; Jacob Bishops, leg and feet; Martin Hibler, arm; Joseph Craig, arm. Company C: Lieutenant James W. Nagge, shoulder and side; Sergeant Asa C. Spafford, neck and wrist; Privates David David Bromer, leg; Newton Backham, arm; Joseph Cox, leg; Benjamin Eberly, arm; Fred'k Nurembarger, feet. Company D: First Lieutenant Charles W. Allen, thigh; Sergeant Alexander Anderson, head; Corporal Valentine Corn, leg and hand; Privates William Bumna, head; Abraham Bauhusen, shoulder; William McKinnous, neck; Hiram McDowell, hip; John Askham, neck; H. D. Harsbruger, leg; Nathaniel Praste, arm. Company E: Corporals William Ralls, side; Nathaniel Smith, shoulder; Samuel Grica, leg; Privates Emanual Shamp, hand; Charles Palmer, leg; Levi M. Bronson, wrist; Horace Ginter, feet; James H. Maise, hand; Solomon Hay, breast. Company F: Sergeant S. M. Biggs, leg; Corporal David Stoker, chest; Privates John G. Slater, arm; R. C. Watson, leg; E. S. Shoemaker, leg; George Harr, leg; Philip Deet, head; Joshua Swire, leg. Company G: Privates Thomas Collins, foot; P. M. Edgecome, face; Henry Capin, arm; William Boyer, hand; Jenkins Lewis, hip; David Miller, leg; P. H. Haines, leg; John Copus, leg; Frank Archer, thigh; Levi Clabaugh, arm; Robert W Shoemaker, arm; S. S. Bummern, hand. Company H: Privates Gilman Peters, leg; Christopher Grundy, ]iberty Warner, head; Samuel Pennyfeather, shoulder; Irvin Cantreas, mouth; James Y. Dean, shoulder; John Hamilton, leg; Harvey Husteet, chest; Levi Brisbin, chest; Henry Harbler, face; Silas Daisk, arm; George Smith, arm. Company I: Second Lieutenant James H. Bumbar, leg; Sergeant Robert H. Caldwell, shoulder; Corporals M. C. Reynolds, thigh; James M. Parker, feet; Privates James Reynolds, arm; Alexander E. Ingraham, shoulder; William H. Cheny, hand and chest; Eli Lames, leg; Lyman Wight, leg; John Anderson, leg; Filson Huchison, leg; John Fitzgibbon, hand. Company K: First Lieutenant William Wicker, hand; Corporal Cyrus J. Patterson, abdomen; Privates Guy Morgan, head; James Pembe, feet; Charles Myers, side; J. Walson, arm; James A. Forrest, side; Ira Forrest, leg; James Banks, head; Sherman Bushnell, feet. SEVENTY-FOURTH OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Company A: Corporal Isaac J. Smith and Privates Wyatt K. Jones and Jacob Bushest. Company B: Private James A. Blessing. Company F: Sergeant William H. Smith and Private B. J. Huger. Company H: Sergeant R. A. Sparks. Company I: Private John Hawkins. Company K: Corporal John D. Halson. Wounded.-Colonel Granville Moody, horse shot under him. Company A: Sergeant O. C. Mehan, Corporals Samuel Schooly and James A. Haslit and Privates David Wilson, Barney Waters, Michael McMonoh, Jesse Curry, and Jacob Scirk. Company B: Privates James McCare, John A. Sceiss, William H. Pratt, Ephraim Dickerson, Jacob Wildersmith, Jesse Scevest, Henry C. Edwards, and James A. Bone. Company C: Privates Femy Forbs, Alfred Hanold, Samuel F. Miller, William L. McDaniel, Ira S. Owens, James H. Seldonmidge, Philip Tracy, Charles M. Wolf, Chauncey White, and Sergeant A. B. Coster. Company D: Privates P. Minchard, (mortally,) James I. Collins, John Andrew, R. Galloway, I. Coppick, B. Costello, I. McCune, William McAfee, F. Hunter, and A. Ames. Company E: Corporal John Cox and Pri

Page  152 152 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. vates Edward C. Snyder, Wesley Snyder, Garrett Ginscott, Jacob Butterfaugh, Peter Smead, Jacob Cullenbrugh, Clayton Havens, Ell. Trubee, William Duffee, and John Ferguson. Company F: Captain Walter Crook, Lieutenant M. H. Peters, Sergeants Enos H. Walters, Cyrus Philips, and Charles C. Dodson, and Corporals Eden Sherman and David Bossman, and Privates M. W. Elders, George W. Peck, Patrick McCarin, and Charles Brakey, mortally. Company G: Sergeants M. K. McFadden and Theodore Seggick, Corporal Leander Baker and Privates Hiram Cox, John Handy, William Chambers, Joseph Mansfield, and Abraham Dennis. Company H: Lieutenant David Snodgrass, Sergeant John M. Deroe, Corporals Joseph H. Ballard, Philip W. Stumin, Albert F. Johnson, and Daniel Herin, and Privates Calvin Curl, Dudley Day, Joseph Hybern, John A. Donnard, Augusta Humard, John Glover, Joseph Harley, and George Wise. Company I: Lieutenant Robert Cullen, Sergeant John Toohie, and Privates Michael Connell, Terrence McLaughlin, James McCarthy, and Michael Brannon. Company K: Corporal William Carter and Privates David Sleth, Philip Mininck, Robert Stewart, and Joseph Underwood. THIRTY-SEVENTH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Company A: Privates Jasper Beebe, W. Ross, and Lemuel Jackson. Company B: Privates Isaac M. Snyder, Josiah Egberts, and G. W. Roberts. Company C: Private James R. Pate. Company D: First Lieutenant Jesse B. Holman, Privates Nicholas Olizes and Silas Hall. Company F: Corporal Charles Stewart, and Privates James L. Burrows, Henry Craven, John F. Goddart, Samuel C. Smith, and David Banks. Company G: Sergeant Peter Krin, and Privates Robert Craig and William Sutton. Company H: Corporal Samuel Williams and Privates Harrison Robins and Robert Murr ray. Company I: Reuben Jones. Company K: First Lieutenant Isaac Abnethy and Private Andrew B. Kirk. VWounded.-Company A: Corporals John H. Brown, John Groseman, James M. Pavell, V. H. Lavis, Ira Casteller, and Privates William Cole, John Hannah, James Harper, John Haswell, John Moncrief, James Myers, Ludlow McKittrick, Jesse Moreland, Joseph Main, A. W. Smith, Theodore Hess. Company B: Sergeants James Coulten, J. W. Stone; Corporals B. B. Moore, E. H. Foster, L. L. Andrews, M. Bell and Privates James D. George, Oliver W. Barnard, John S. Price, John P. Freeman, Allen C. Rose, William Fish, Samuel Thompson, Myer Bowers, John McCrady. Company C: Captain Thomas W. Pate, Sergeant M Day, Corporal J. S. Green, and Privates John Fowler, George MIcKay, James Ferren, John Garbet. Company D: Second Lieutenant William Rye, Sergeants A. Vanside, Robert P. Wilson; Corporals Machlin Day, James Wise, and Privates John Buchanan, Levi Cochran, John Coles, Obadiah Francisco, Ed. Hollenbee, Thomas Lawrence, Moody Lothridge, Arthur McGiven, Warren Morgan, John McKnew, James Roberts, Benjamin Stevens, Christian Sindaker, Lysander Webster, and GranvilleNewbury. Company E: Sergeant W. Sherman, and Private Thomas Stevens. Company F: Sergeants John F. Spinceo, Eleazer Cole, and Privates William Boland, William Green, Hartey Gorkager, and W. I. S. Hull. Company G: Captain E. Woodapple, and Privates Samuel P. Baylons, Robert Allen, Dennis Conway, James Hettrick, I. M. Keeler, John P. Luvick, Cyrus Lown, James S. McCann, John Miller, Henry Stone, and Charles A. Ming. Company H: Sergeants D. Wise, John Ross, and Privates I. W. Shaffer, James N. Breck, William A. Shapson, I. S. Douglas, Andrew Owens, and Alfred Watson. Company I: Captains William N. Doughty, and Theodore Any; Corporal I. B. Jones, and Privates Levi Morris, John Stote, - Childers, Nicholas Bullon, D. E. Masey, John Shaw, and Robert Huffday. Company K: Captain John McKee, Sergeants John Patten, James W. Rankin, and Privates Daniel Lichtbell, J. H. Ruddell, John P. McCullough, John McGinnis, and Harrison Stewart.

Page  153 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 153 SEVENTY-EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Sergeant J. D. Hull, company I; Corporals Authur L. Myrtle, *Mespen Hull, company F; Privates Mathan Reain, company C; Henry S. Wean, Philip Griffiths, Dennis Conway, James Hervey, J. S. Thompson, J. M. Eram, company F; James Myart, James Bergan, company H; John Johnson James Conklin, George Beniser, James Cunan, company I. Wounded -Captains Enoch Williams, company K; George B. Borlam, company F; W. S. Jack, James Moore, company H; First Lieutenant John F. Moreland, Second Lieutenant William R. Maize, company A; Sergeants James M. Miller, company A; W. C. Patrick, D. H. Thompson, A. J. Cowan, company B; Andrew Brown, James G. Briggs, William H. Thomas, company C; Reuben Lotsham, company E; A. B. Sreiner, John C. White, company F; W. C. Murphy, company I; C. F. Smith, company H; W. H. Smith, M. Melling, company K; Corporals Samuel S. Seram, company A; William H. Miller, company C; William Mathews, company B; Privates William Carlan, Thomas Kelley, James Little, David K. McElroy, James J. Carroll, James Guthrie, Adam Keep, Robert Ewonsable, company A; Robert Lewis, William Yount, Amos Dinger, Elias Diller, J. W. Dospike, Solomon Hines, John J. Spencer, Mark Sullivan, Eli Hendrick, John P. Neville, company B; Thomas Kepler, Solomon Buckouse, Reuben Helleterd, Samuel Mohoning, William McMillen, David R. Miges, Albert C. Slaum, Samuel Lovesy, Lewis Sayers, Jacob Neff, A. B. Wrike, Isaac Rein, Jeremiah Cook, Thomas M. Grecken, Jeremiah Humerld, John Brade, Samuel Boffand, David Daniels, George W. Hagen, William Hays, Charles Myers, J. A. McElodine, George P. Marsh, William J. Mortimer, company C; Gibson Meese, George Nichols, James H. Seep, J. R. Teetsworth, D. H. Whitehill, Charles Kingley, Charles McNutt, A. J. Runder, Joseph M. Disler, company E; James Penman, M. Sullivan, Lewis Lord, David Alten, Samuel Slireer, George J. Taylor, James Neadam, Peter Sepper, J. S. Davidson, Henry F. Sexman, James M. Crakem, James N. McLeod, James M. Cousins, John Hall, Wm. A. Hegarty, David Murphy, James Shassan, J. J. Bower, Hugh Stotes, Charles Hany, company F; D. Thompson, Thomas Sytus, George Rose, John Black, John Chisty, E. French, A. Shender, E. Nelson, company H; Samuel Gray, Aaron Eatman, James McMeans, James Utograph, W. H. Gray, Harrison Dephertz, Jasper Clements, Jos. A. Chempson, company I; William Martin, S. R. Henry, Adam Akins, J. H. Altman, David Pritchard, James L. Hatman, I. I. Strout, M. Danes, R. A. Malon, I. C. Smith, M. C. Bower, W. W. Boovey, I. Sirth, S. A. McClellan, M. I. Halstead, company K. SUMMARY. 21st regiment Ohio volunteers. Killed.................................................... 24 Wounded..................................................103 - 127 74th regiment Ohio volunteers. Killed -............................................... 9 W ounded................................................ 92 --- 101 37th regiment Indiana volunteers K illed.................................................... 25 W ounded..................................................106 - 131

Page  154 154 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 78th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers. K illed.................................................... 16 W ounded.........1...................................... 125 -- 14f Total............................................... 500 East Tennessee brigade. FIRST REGIMENT EAST TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS. Wounded.-Company B: Private Samuel Bew, thigh and elbow joint. Company C: Jesse McCrury, flesh. Company G: Jesse Devers, toe. Company H: George Hanold, face. Company I: James Bowman, leg; William Lone, knee; H. C. Heart, malleolus. Company K: Sergeant P. K. Diggs, flesh; Corporal William Reed, hip; Privates I. M. McGill, fore-arm; G. W. Diggs, slight. SECOND REGIMENT EAST TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS. Wounded.-Company D: Private Markus Renfrore, foot. Company F: Captain Sneed, arm. Company G: Privates Alfred Baurdergrift, thigh; Joseph Thomas, thigh. Company I: Sergeant Robbins, foot. SUMMARY. First regiment East Tennessee volunteers, killed............... 0 First regiment East Tennessee volunteers, wounded............ 11 11 Second regiment East Tennessee volunteers, killed.............. 0 Second regiment East Tennessee volunteers, wounded.......... 5 5 Total........................................ 16 Batteries. FIRST REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY. Killed.-Battery G: Corporal Thomas Strong, and Privates Spencer Tuman and John Wordsworth. Battery M: Corporal William Redback. Wounded.-Battery G: Captain Shultz, arm and leg; Sergeant George W. Bills, neck; Corporal Henry Claque, side; Privates Samuel Benford, arm; James W. Fife, shoulder; Charles A. Whiting, thigh; Edmund Beverstock, foot; William Jones, head; James H. Clinton, hand; Henry Wields, hand. FIRST REGIMENT KENTUCKY ARTILLERY. Killed.-Battery M: Private Hart Godfrey. Wounded.-Battery M: Lieutenant A. A. Ellsworth, slight; Privates Lewis Jagers, arm, shoulder, and back; Milton Crawhome, slight. SUMMARY. First regiment Ohio artillery, battery G, killed.................. 3 First regiment Ohio artillery, battery G, wounded................ 9 First regiment Ohio artillery, battery M, killed................... 1

Page  155 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 155 First regiment Ohio artillery, battery IM, wounded................ 1 First regiment Kentucky artillery, battery M, killed.............. 1 First regiment Kentucky artillery, battery M, wounded............ 3 Total......................................... 18 GENERAL SUMMARY. Twenty-ninth brigade........................... 75 killed, 335 wounded. Seventh brigade....................... 74 killed, 426 wounded. First East Tennessee brigade.................... 0 killed, 16 wounded. Artillery.................................... 5 killed, 13 wounded. Total.............................154 790 List of killed and wounded during a skirmish on Rolling Fork, Hardin county, Ky., December 29, 1862, second brigade, third division, (centre) fourteenth army corps. Killed.-Private Thomas P. Burton, company F, fourth Kentucky regiment. Wounded.-Lieutenant Henry W. Pollis, company C, first regiment Ohio artillery, fatally, died December 30; Privates Louis W. Finney, company D, tenth regiment Indiana volunteers, fatally, died December 30; John C. Osborne, company A, tenth Indiana volunteers, very slightly. SUMMARY. K illed..................................................... 3 Wounded................................................. 1 Total.......................................... 4 HEADQUARTERS FIRST TENNESSEE BRIGADE, Cacottson's, near Murfreesboro', January 11, 1863. SIR: In obedience to your circular, under date of 10th inst., just received, I have the honor to submit the following report of killed and wounded in the two Tennessee regiments under my command, during the three days' engagement before Murfreesboro'. The fourteenth Michigan infantry and the eighty-fifth Illinois infantry, attached to my command on the 3d instant, were ordered to Nashville immediately after the engagement of that night. I am therefore unable to furnish the information regarding their loss. FIRST EAST TENNESSEE VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. Killed.-Corporal Leander P. Peters, and Private John R. Davis, company K; Private Oliver H. P. Phibbs, company H. Wounded.-Privates Samuel Pugh, company B; Jesse McCranny, company C; Corporal George I. G. Crandell, and Privates David G. Farmer and Jesse Deavers, company G; Privates George Werreld and W. H. Hatmaker, company H; James Boman, William Lane, Henry C. Heart, John Brashears, and

Page  156 156 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Hugh W. Bicket, company I; Sergeant Priestley K. Diggs, Corporal William M. Reed, and Privates James McGill and George W. Diggs, company K. SECOND EAST TENNESSEE VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. TVounded.-Captain John L. Snead and Private Joseph Johnson, company F,; Sergeant Alfred A. C. Robbins and Private Alfred Vandergrift, company 1; Sergeant Mark C. Benfro, company D; Privates Isaac Thomas and William Sarsett, company K. None missing. Respectfully, P. G. SPEARS, Brigadier General Cum'g First Brigade. Captain JAMES A. LOWRY, Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIDADE, January 17, 1863. CAPTAIN: The foregoing is a copy of the report sent to your headquarters on the 11th instant. Whether it ever reached you we do not know. Respectfully, by command of General Spears, P. W. CANDIS, Aide-de- Camp. Captain JAMES A. LOWRY, Assistant Adjutant General. [Indorsed.] Received, headquarters third brigade, second division, centre, Murfreesboro', January 10, 1863. Colonel J. M. Neibling, commanding twenty-first Ohi) volunteer infantry, United States army. Official report of the part taken by the twenty-first Ohio volunteer infantry at the battles of Stone river, from December 30, 1862, to January 4, 1863. HEADQQARTERS THIRD BRIGADE, 2D DIVISION, (CENTRE,) 1Murfreesboro', January 27, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. WILLIAM SIVWELL, Commanding Third Brigade. HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION, 14TH ARMY CORPS, iMurfreesboro', February 5, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. JAMES S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General Commanding. CAMP TWENTY-FIRST OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, Near 21urfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. SIR: I respectfully submit to you the following report of the action of my regiment in the battle of Stone river. After a march occupying three days, during which skirmishing with the enemy was fierce and continuous, by your order 1 bivouacked my regiment upon the field on the evening of the 29th December ultimo, in its brigade position. On the morning of the 30th December, ultimo, my regiment was thrown into position with reserve corps on the right centre. Sharp picket fighting occupied the day, and on the morning of the 31st December ultimo the enemy made his

Page  157 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 157 appearance on the centre and right wing; the battle raged with uninterrupted fury, and we lay upon the field during the night. I cannot picture to you the gallant conduct of my men during the fight of the 31st ultimo. Officers and men universally fought with desperation and bravery. January 1st the enemy refused to show himself in force on the centre, and at night we again slept on the field. January 2d indicated fight. At 3 o'clock p. m., by your orders, my regiment took position to support General Van Cleve's division on the left. At about 4 o'clock p. m. the enemy in force showed his front in pursuit of our retreating troops. Lying down in line we watched the approach of the enemy exulting over his fancied success. A charge was ordered, and although my regiment was much impeded by the disorganized flight of infantry, artillery, and riderless horses, my regiment reached the opposite bank of Stone river and engaged the enemy. The struggle which ensued was desperate and bloody. We succeeded in driving him beyond his line of artillery, which he left on the field as trophies. The enemy was completely routed, and night closed pursuit, leaving us in possession of a battle-field two miles in extent. I could mention many instances of individual heroism. Captain Caton, company H, gallantly bore the colors across the river in the charge. Captains McMahon, Canfield, and Allan were conspicuous in the struggle. Lieutenant Wiley, of company C, commanding company A, fell mortally wounded. Lieutenants Knaggs, Allen, and Bumpus fell severely wounded while cheering their men to the charge. Lieutenant Colonel Stoughton and Major Walker deserve all praise for their efficient and prompt action during the fight; indeed, all vied with each other in the performance of their several duties. I herewith append a list of the killed, wounded, and missing, for whom, amidst our cheers of victory, let us not forget to drop a soldier's tear. Very respectfully, &c., JAMES M. NEIBLING, Colonel Commanding 21st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Colonel JOHN F. MILLER, Commanding 7th Brigade, 8th Division, 14th Army Corps. [Indorsed.] Received at headquarters 3d brigade, 2d division, centre, Murfreesboro,' January 5, 1863. Colonel Granville Moody, commanding 74th Ohio volunteer infantry. Official report of the part taken by the 74th Ohio volunteer infantry at the battles of Stone river, from December 30, 1862, to January 4, 1863. HEADQUARTERS THIRD BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION, CENTRE, lMurfreesboro', January 27, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. WILLIAM SIVWELL, Colonel 78th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Commanding 3d Brigade. HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION, FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, Murfreesboro', February 4, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. JAMES S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General Commanding.

Page  158 158 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS 74TH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, Camp near 1Murfrcesboro', Tennessee, January 5, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report the results of the engagements of the 31st of December, 1862, and the 2d of January, 1863, as affecting the 74th regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, under my command. Colonel Miller, commanding the 7th brigade, 8th division of the 14th army corps, was pleased to assign to my command the position of the left centre of the brigade. In the action of the 31st December we were posted on the slope of an eminence facing and commanding the position held by the Rock City guards, and other regiments, composing one of the most efficient brigades of the rebel forces, under General Withers. 1 am justly proud, sir, of my regiment. The brave and persistent men of my command promptly obeyed every order on that field of blood and deadly strife, and contributed largely to the glorious victory which has driven the entire rebel force from their chosen field, and has placed us in undisputed possession of Murfreesboro', Tennessee. Allow me, in this connexion, to note the gallant action of the 21st Ohio volunteer infantry, Colonel Neibling, on our left, the 37th Indiana on our right, under command of Colonel Hall, and the 78th Pennsylvania, Colonel Sivwell. These regiments displayed the utmost bravery, inspiring all around with the high resolve to emulate their devotion to the cause in which we have mutually invested our all. I take the greatest pleasure in reporting the gallant conduct of all the officers of the 74th regiment. Major Thomas C. Bell, the only field officer with me, did his whole duty in the several engagements in the nine days' battle. Cool, fearless, prompt, he proved himself to be the right man in the right place. I desire to record the superior qualities evinced by the adjutant of the regiment, Lieutenant William F. Armstrong, of company C. In addition to his marked business habits, to which the regiment is greatly indebted, his bravery and efficiency on the battle field entitle him to distinguished consideration. Our line officers, too, without exception, have won the highest regards by their eminently good conduct before the enemy and in the fiery ordeal through which they passed. Lieutenants William McGinnis, commanding company H; Richard King, commanding company B; Robert Stevenson, commanding company C; Robert Hunter, commanding company D; Captain Joseph Fisher and Lieutenant HI. H. Fleming, of company E; Captain Walter Crook, and Lieutenants MI. Peters and Joseph Hamill, of company F; Lieutenant T. C. McElravy, commanding company G, with Lieutenant George Brecker, of same company; Captain Joseph Ballard and First Lieutenant Snodgrass, of company H; Lieutenant Robert Cullen, of company I, and William H. Reed, second lieutenant of company K; these officers, sir, all did their duty bravely; there was no flinching in any one of them; each faced the iron hail unmoved; each was in his place superintending the movements and cheering their men in the terrible work they were called on to perform. Lieutenant Peters was severely wounded in the wrist and was compelled to retire about the middle of the action on the 31st. Lieutenant Snodgrass was last seen just before the closing struggle, cheering his men, clapping his hands, saying, "Work away, my lads; we are gaining ground!" Noble fellow! He was wounded shortly afterward, and is reported amongst the missing. We fear he was mortally wounded. Captain Crook and Lieutenant Cullen were also wounded in the action of the 31st, the latter dangerously. Captain Ballard was wounded in the shoulder slightly. In the action of the 2d January the 74th regiment occupied its position in the brigade and aided in the decisive repulse of the rebel forces under General Cbhatham and Hanson, in which they were driven over Stone river, and over the

Page  159 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 159 hill and through the fields beyond, where our soldiers made the successful charge on the rebel batteries as they belched their fiery fury on the federal forces. At the close of that eventful onward movement the flag of the 74th was waving on the outer lines amidst the rejoicings of its stern supporters, and there remained till recalled by the order of General Negley to reform his division in the rear of the artillery in the centre. The review which I have made of the battle fields over which we have together made our way during this nine days' struggle shows the awful effectiveness of our arms, the desperate obstinacy which characterizes our troops, and warrants the belief that though our pathway may be over bloody fields and thickly-planted graveyards, yet, the flag of Washington, Jefferson, Jackson, and the heroes of our glorious Union, endeared by a thousand precious memories, and the symbol of a greater, grander destiny, shall be upheld and be borne along and aloft till it shall again float in unquestioned supremacy over all its ancient domain, The following reports I have just received from our company commanders, and forward by Sergeant James Worden to headquarters. Allow me to say in behalf of the 74th regiment officers and men that, with such commanders as Major General Rosecrans, General Negley, and Colonel John F. Miller, we are prepared to go forward and follow the fortunes of the flag with increasing confidence in the cause of our country against its rebel foes. I have the honor to be your obedient servant, GRANVILLE MOODY, Colonel Commanding 74th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. HENRY M. CIST, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. LIndorsed.] Received, headquarters 3d brigade, second division, (centre,) Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 14, 1863. LIEUT. ALEX. MARSHALL, Commanding Battery G, 1st Ohio Volunteer Artillery. Official report of the part taken by his battery at the battles of Stone river from December 30, 1862, to January 4, 1863. HEADQUARTERS 3D BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION, (CENTRE,) Murfreesboro', January 27, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. WILLIAM SIVWELL, Colonel 78th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Commanding 3d Brigade, 4-c. HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION, 14TH ARMY CORPS, Murfreesboro', February 5, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. JAS. S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General Commanding. HEADQUARTERS BATTERY G 1st OHIO VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY, Alurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 11, 1863. SIR: In obedience to orders from headquarters 7th brigade, eighth division, 14th army corps, I have the honor to report part taken by battery G 1st Ohio volunteer artillery, in the late engagement before Murfreesboro', Tennessee. On the morning of December 29, 1862, the battery was ordered out on a reconnoissance. Leaving the Murfreesboro' pike at Stewartsboro', followed up Stewart creek one mile, discovered the enemy's cavalry in the woods on the opposite side of the creek, fired twelve rounds from rifled 12-pounder, causing

Page  160 160 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. them to disperse. We then moved forward and to the right, taking position as indicated, until 2 p. m., when we crossed the creek with the brigade, advanced on a by road running nearly parallel with the Murfreesboro' pike. Entering the pike at Wilson's creek, about five miles from Murfreesboro', advanced on the pike two and a half miles, took position on a slight elevation, on the right of the pike, where we remained during the night, with horses harnessed and hitched in. At daylight on 30th, per order, Colonel Miller moved about threefourths of a mile to the right and front over a new and rocky road through a cedar thicket; remained in this vicinity during the day, occupying several positions in a narrow cornfield and in the thicket, within range of the enemy's battery and rifle-pit, located in an open field in front. At four p. m. fired about fifty rounds, shelling the woods'on our right occupied by the enemy's skirmishers, whose fire was severe, also the battery and rifle-pit in front. Some of our shells falling into the rifle-pit caused considerable scattering. We remained in this position in the cornfield during the night; we elicited no reply from the enemy's battery during the whole day. At six p. m. removed the right section out on the right of the section in the cornfield, and remained in this position hitched in during the night. At daylight of the 31st opened with the four guns stationed in the cornfield, shelling the woods to the right, and the battery and rifle-pit in front, as the night before. About eight a. m. moved the centre section down to the left about forty rods, taking position near two log-houses in rear of the cornfield, a dense thicket across the cornfield directly in front, open country to the left and front, where the enemy was in position. Remained in this position about thirty minutes without firing. Then moved this section up and took position in centre of the battery; worked the battery to about eleven a. m. The enemy up to this time fired but few rounds from their batteries in our front, firing being mostly from their skirmishers in the woods, when, in obedience to Colonel Miller's order, moved to the right, partially changed front. The batteries of the enemy opened over the advancing infantry a heavy fire before we had fairly got into position; ordered the caissons under shelter a short distance in the rear and opened upon the rapidly advancing enemy with canister; as our support advanced we moved our pieces forward by hand and worked them as rapidly as possible. One of our 12-pounder howitzers being disabled, the trail having been cut nearly off by a shot, ordered it to the rear; went to work with canister, the enemy advancing in the woods close upon us; as our infantry support advanced we advanced our pieces by hand to the fence close to the woods, that we might hold an interval in their lines, and continued firing canister as fast as possible; during this time our horses were suffering severely from fire from the enemy-had them replaced by the teams from battery and forge wagon, which I had ordered up the day before, leaving the battery and forge wagon a mile and a half in the rear in charge of artificers; all of my spare horses were soon used up and several taken from the caissons; had three men killed and several wounded. Saw the enemy moving down the open field in masses on our left flank, and the firing extending far to our rear on our right flank; and one of our 12-pounder rifles having a shot wedged and but three horses remaining, I ordered Lieutenant Crabb to take the two disabled pieces and caissons to the rear through the cedar swamp, and ordered the remaining four pieces to fix prolonge, to fire retiring; the enemy had already been twice repulsed, when they moved upon both our flanks and front with renewed ranks and vigor, which caused our support to give way. I ordered the battery to retire to the woods in our rear, two pieces having but three horses and two four horses each. My own, Lieutenant Whittlesey's, and one sergeant's horse were killed; three of the guns moved off as ordered, prolonge of the left piece, 12-pounder Wiard, broke, at the same the lead rider was shot, the gunner mounted his team when the off-wheel horse was killed and the off-lead horse was wounded, which prevented us from using the limber. I then ordered a limber of one of the pieces already

Page  161 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 161 in the woods out, to draw the remaining 12-pounder off the field into the woods. We had no sooner started back when I found the right and centre of the brigade had fallen back, and the left (21st Ohio) was coming in, leaving the pieces about forty yards outside of our lines, between us and the enemy, which was fast closing in on us with a heavy fire. Saw that it was impossible to reach the gun. I ordered the limber back and gun limbered up; moved back through the cedar swamp in rear of brigade. There being no road, I was considerably bothered to work my way through. As the brigade was moving rapidly and the enemy pressing close upon us, two more of my wheel horses were shot and one rider, when I was obliged to leave two more guns, having but one wheel and middle horse on each piece. Sergeant Farwell, together with Sergeant Bills, took the remaining piece, passed the pieces left, and worked their way through and took position on the right of Captain Stokes's battery, where I found them and went to work, using up the balance of our ammunition-about forty rounds. As soon as joining this piece I sent to inform Lieutenant Crabb where I was, and to get that portion of the battery which had succeeded in getting out, together with the battery and forge wagon, which was a short distance in the rear. After expending the ammunition of the piece I was with, moved it to the rear, and left it in charge of Lieutenant Whittlesey, with the battery and forge wagon. I then proceeded to find Colonel Barnett or Lieutenant Edson in relation to ammunition, when I met Lieutenant Crabb, who informed me that our piece and four caissons had moved up the pike. I ordered him to have the carriages all halted, and to send back the 6-pounder ammunition. After waiting some time, sent my orderly back to hurry up the 6-pounder ammunition. At dark moved over to the left of the railroad, and remained during the night with the 1st Kentucky battery, Lieutenant Ellsworth commanding, having previously reported to General Negley and Colonel Miller the condition of the battery and where I was; was ordered to remain in that vicinity. Early on the morning of January 1, 1863, I proceeded out the pike; met sergeant with the 6-pounder caisson, who had been unable the night previous to find the gun. Sent sergeant forward with the caisson, whep the piece in command of Lieutenant Whittlesey moved up and took position on the left of Captain Shultz's battery, in an open field on the left centre, joining General Crittenden's corps. I soon met Lieutenant Crabb with the 12-pounder howitzer, who informed me that when he came up with the 12-pounder howitzer, the afternoon of the 31st, the enemy was about making a charge upon our transportation, when he placed the piece in position, fired fifteen rounds of shell, doing good execution, where he remained during the night with a brigade of cavalry. I found that our. loss for December 31, 1862, summed up forty-three horses, four guns, three limbers, two caissons and limbers, three men killed and wounded, and twelve missing. I then moved the 12pounder howitzer to the front, and took position with the other piece. Procuring fifty rounds for howitzer and eighty rounds for 6-pounder, Wiard immediately reported to Colonel Miller, commanding brigade, and General Negley, commanding division. About half-past ten shifted our position about 200 yards to our front and left; remained in this position about an hour, when we received orders to move immediately to the right, across the pike, into a cedar thicket, and took position in centre of Missouri battery. About 3 p. m. was ordered to move with division to the rear and right; finally took position in corn-field on the extreme right, in company with Captains Standart's, Shultz's, and Ellsworth's batteries, fixed prolonge, where we remained until dark, when we moved back close to the pike under cover of an elevation, where we remained during the night. At daylight on the morning of January 2, again moved up on the elevation. At about 12 m., received orders to move over and take position on left centre, same as day previous. The skirmishers kept up a lively fire along our front until 4 p. m., when I observed the enemy moving in masses through the Ex. Doc. 2- 11

Page  162 162 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. open country on tlie opposite side of the river on our left and front, driving back our forces on the opposite side of the river, when we commenced shelling them as fast as possible, receiving a cross'fire from the enemy's artillery. Soon Captain Shultz, on our left, and Captain Swallow's, battery on our right, fell back. I then ordered prolonge fixed, and retired about forty yards; commenced firing, when I had one man and three horses killed on the piece. At the same time the enemy was repulsed and the ground retaken. January 3, held the same position as the day previous; fired several rounds on the enemy, shelling the woods to the right and front as our mhen advanced. Late on January 4, advanced with division on Murfreesboro' pike about one mile; camped on the right of pike. Early on the morning of the 5th forded the river and passed through Murfreesboro'. Our losses are, killed: Corporal Thomas Strong and Privates Spencer Inman, Samuel Burford, and John Woodworth. Wounded: Sergeant G. W. Bills, Corporal Henry Clagen, and Privates James W. Fife, Charles A. Whiting, Edward Beverstock, William Jones, James H. Clinton, and Henry Wilds. Missing: Jackson Hockett, George B. Cox, and William Volts, all privates. Total killed, wounded, and missing, 16. Horses killed, 34; horses captured by the enemy, 12. Total horses killed and captured, 46. I take pleasure in referring to the valuable assistance rendered me by Lieutenants Crabb and Whittlesey. Their gallant and heroic bearing not only inspired the men with courage, but is deserving of public commendation. Orderly Sergeant Slimy and Sergeants Bills, Farwell, and Mitchell, by their promptness in the execution of orders, and by their unflinching courage in scenes of danger, merit particular mention. Others in the command evinced soldierly qualities of no common order. To mention their names might seem invidious. I wish to make special mention of Quartermaster Treat, whose energy and perseverance in keeping the men supplied with rations during the severe weather of seven days that we were separated by miles from our transportation, and his promptness in looking after, collecting together, and reporting to me property and men which, in the confusion of falling back, had separated from the command. Respectfully submitted. ALEXANDER MARSHALL, Lieutenant Commanding Battery G, 1st Ohio Volunteer Artillery. HENRY M. CIST, Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant General. Official report of casualties of the 29th brigade, 8th7 division. 18TH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Lieutenant Colonel Josiah Given, (commanding regiment,) wounded in arm; Adjutant A. W. S. Minear, wounded in breast; Sergeant Major Dow L. Carter, wounded in hip. Company A.-Killed: Corporals Isaiah Timmons and R. S. Augustis, Privates John F. Mowbray, M. M. Blacher, and James Hodsdew. Wounded: Second Lieutenant E. McLaren, left leg; Sergeant Henry C. Roby, right arm, (amputated;) Corporals D. A. Woodland, thigh; Albert Toops, slightly; Privates Ebenezer Finemore, left thigh, (since died of wound;) H. W. Purcell, breast, (since died of wound;) Allen Reddin, mouth; Enoch H. Smith, foot; Edward Trewitt, leg; Jackson Mackerly, arm; W. A. Christian, shoulder; George Goder, finger; Robert Goff, slightly; Henry Hays, (on duty;) Thomas Goodwin, left leg. Missing: Private Franklin Maddox, (supposed a prisoner.) Company B.-Wounded: Captain Ashbel Fenton, ankle; Corporals R. F.

Page  163 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 163 Wakefield, breast; E. W. Ellis, hip; A. Fitzgerald, arm; George Kailor, leg; Musician H. S. Honnold, shoulder, (supposed a prisoner;) Privates Niles Bowin, abdomen, (since died of wound;) James Bussan, arm; A. 13. Ball, thigh; A. H. Buck, thigh; L. S. Barcroft, breast; A. C. Chapman, leg; S. Clanson, back; Robert Campbell, breast; Harvy B. Gill, hand, (prisoner;) J. S. Hamilton, hand, (prisoner;) P. Scharlotterbock, arm; Asa S. Scott, shoulder, (prisoner and paroled;) Dennis Wilson, knee; Charles T. Williams, hand; E. Weant, breast; A. H. Kames, hand, (prisoner;) L. H. Kennard, ankle. Missing: Private Perley Waldron and' Musician F. W. Dollison, (supposed a prisoner.) Prisoners: J. B. Clark and J. N. Hutchinson. Company C.-Killed: Privates Joseph Cheehill and Henry J. Folly. Wounded: Captain Johnson M. Welch, calf of leg; Sergeant J. W. Root, hand; Corporals JasperWitham, leg; Samuel Hamerick, arm; Privates George Stout, arm; Imni Coman, arm; Hiram Kincade, head; Isaac McDonnald, leg; Jacob McDonald, hip; William Stitts, leg; Jonathan Snow, head. Missing: Sergeant James Light and Private Henry Taylor. Prisoners: Private Wesley Taylor and Musician E. W. Jemle. Company D.-Killed: Corporals James S. Vanpelt and William Ranier and Private Oscar Clark: Wounded: Sergeants A. S. Camp, wrist; Nelson Gaskill, side; Privates William Crosby, leg; Eli C. Meek, leg; John P. Caisey, leg; A. A. Ladley, leg broken; William Scott, leg; Enis Jones, leg; Hamsone Dart, thigh; Martin Baley, leg; William A. Young, hand; Felix Baley, arm; William Blayee, arm. Company E.-Killed: Second Lieutenant W. W. Blacker, Sergeants John Pierce and John T. Davis, Privates D. Fesley and T. E. Morter. Wounded: Captain Philip E. Taylor, leg and side, (since died of wounds;) Corporals A. Hurst, foot; James Quim, arm; Privates Charles Davis, shoulder; S. Freese, leg; J. L. Guy, hand; W. E. McDonald, arm; G. W. O'Day, leg; E. B. Proctor, arm; J. D. Sampson, head. Missing: Privates William Gill, James Morter, Charles Stough, O. B. Foote, and William Whitten. Prisoners: Musician John Tatman, Corporal J. N. Fustin, and Private Joseph Garrett. Company F.-Killed: Privates Charles B. McDonald and Harrison Sheets. Wounded: Sergeants David J. Searight, slightly; William J. Byeer, slightly; Corporal Thomas P. Byns, head; Privates James Maxon, leg; Austin W. Perkins, shoulder; James S. Comer, arm; Isaac Washington, leg; John C. Brand, John Hill, John Kendle, and William Irnill, slightly. Prisoner: Corporal Thomas H. Wade. Company G.-Killed: Privates John C. Spinger and John Pratchard. Wounded: Sergeant William F. Quigley, leg; Corporal Belford Griffith, leg; Privates Lawrence Young, hip, (since died of wound;) William C. Bowers, side, (since died of wound;) S. S. McDisilt, hand; John D. Sanders, arm; George W. Bute, arm; John Charlton, shoulder, (prisoner;) Hiram C. Smith, leg. Prisoner: Musician William E. Barron. Company H.-Wounded: Privates Charles S. Simmons, side, (since died of wound;) Patrick Ford, arm; A. C. Hamilton, leg; Wilson Lef, neck; William Franklin, shoulder; P. W. Phillips, slightly; George Gale, leg; Samuel McElroy, foot; Wesley Rader, face; Adam Gregory, leg; William Maline, hand. Missing: Privates Samuel Weeks, G. P. Winman, (supposed a prisoner,) and Thomas Bourn, (supposed a prisoner.) Company 1.-Wounded: Captain Charles C. Ross, breast; Sergeant W. W. Right, leg; Privates Thomas A. Tomas, thigh; H. W. Cawley, thigh; James D. James, thigh; William G. Jewell, thigh. Missing: Corporal H. McClafflim, (supposed a prisoner.) Company KC.-Killed: Privates W. H. Thompson, Silas D. Wolf, Thomas Long, and William Moor. Wounded: Captain George Stivers, shoulder, (since died of wound;) Corporal Joseph Huggins, left arm; Privates P. J. Hartley, neck; Milton Bosworth, shoulder; G. W. Angell, foot; Joseph Fullerton, nose;

Page  164 164 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. George J. Rice, leg; Lewis A. Pullen, side; George Hallman, right hand; G. Barringer, left cheek; E. W. Tucker, left side; George Willis, left shoulder. 19TH REGIMENT ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS. Company A.-Killed: Corporal Ira A. Plase, Privates Deville L. Holmes and Thomas A. Moore. Wounded: Sergeants William H. Wildey, arm; R. G. Sylvester, head; Corporal Charles Kerr, leg; Privates R. P. Blanchard, side; E. H. Edgele, leg; AM. C. Kennedy, leg; Joseph L. Slagle, side; Charles H. Rishill, head; George Ultz, abdomen, (since died of wound;) Samuel Worden, shoulder, slightly. Missing: C..A. Muloy. Company B.-Killed: Corporal George Ryerson, Privates J. O. Imes, Charles W. Leason, and Isaac L. Kenyon. Wounded: Captain Alexander Murchison, back; Second Lieutenant John H. Hunter, thigh; Sergeant Thomas Robison, shoulder; Corporal H. B. Worth, finger; Privates Walter Black, knee; J. M. Leacox, arm; William Douglass, foot; Columbus Morgan, bowels; T. W. Oziah, lip; George T. Sham, arm and thigh; Thomas Turnbull, thumb; George Dugan, thumb. Missing: Corporal J. L. Kennedy. Company C.-Wounded: First Lieutenant W. L. Wood, hand; Corporals Henry Sneezy, (since died of wound;) Delevan Craft, leg; Privates John Ives, hand; Webster Daniels, hand; Peter Barhwort, arm; Charles Adair, neck; Wilkins M. Battis, leg; Frank Seguin, arm and side; Edward McKulee, leg. Company D.-Killed: Corporal Robert McCracken. Wounded: Sergeant Jonas Goldsmith, side; Corporal H. Clay Doggry, hip; William B. Taylor, leg; Privates John Tansey, back, and prisoner; Thomas Willard, leg; Henry E. Carter, leg; Jacob Balls, breast; Joseph Smith, head; Samuel Wadden, shoulder. Missing: Privates James H. Haynie and M. W. Smith. Company E. —Wounded: Corporal Joseph E. Huntington, hand; Privates John E. A. Stevens; David McArthur, face; John Hays, hip; John G. P. Noble, (since died of wound;) Thomas C. Welsh, hip; Thomas King, thigh; George Joel. Missing: Corporal Peter Guthrie, Privates Daniel MecVery and William Patterson. Company F.-Killed: Captain Knowlton H. Chandler and Private Samuel Griffin. Wounded: Privates Abraham Hess, side; Christopher Moore, shoulder; William Alfred, leg; John Coleman, hand. Company H.-Killed: Private Jesse Maxwell. Wounded: Captain Peachy A. Garrett, leg; Second Lieutenant Washington Wood, bowels, (since died of wound;) Corporals Lloyd D. Thomas, knee; John H. Snyder, thigh; Privates Henry E. Wells, arm; James F. Coleman, eye; Josiah Suter, leg; Mettelous Stoughton, thigh; Charles G. Bates, wrist. Wounded and prisoners: First Sergeant Voleny C. Johnson, leg; Corporals Summer Harrington, side; William Hagerty, arm; Privates QGeorge F. Fleming, arm; George B. Sickles, shoulder; James W. Carson, wrist; John Benham, ankle. Prisoner: U. P. Benson. Missing: George Kearnes. Company I.-Killed: Private John Fritham. Wounded: Privates Henry Harmer, Frank Hogan, shoulder, and missing; Richard Doning, arm; Joseph Mate, leg. Missing: L. M. Jones. Company K.-Killed: Sergeant Daniel W. Griffen. Wounded: Second Lieutenant V. Bradford Bell, head; Sergeant L. H. Scadden, leg; Corporal F. Russell, head"; Privates I. Fullerton, (since died of wound;) E. Rullen, side; P. Smith, mouth; R. Priolet, thigh; Charles Kent, ear. Missing: Privates Joseph Dayer and Thomas Johnson.

Page  165 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 165 69TH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Colonel William B. Cassilly, arm; Atjutant J. W. Baynton, leg. Company A.-Wounded: Acting Lieutenant L. E: Hicks, shoulder; 1st Sergeant J. S. Scott, shoulder; Corporal D. Tetrick, thigh, (supposed prisoner;) Privates B. Stewart, leg, (died January 6;) L. Hulsey, leg; B. Marchant, calf of leg, (supposed prisoner;) J. Bragg, leg; A. T. Cloffern, leg, (by cavalry horse;) and E. Sempson, arm. Company B.-Killed: Sergeant J. McGillan. Wounded: Acting Second Lieutenant Joseph Tucker, shoulder; Sergeants D. Stibbens, ankle; W. Porter, hand, (prisoner;) and J. HIulsey, hand. Company C.-Wounded: Sergeants W. Longfellow, loin; P. Burch, cheek. Missing: Sergeant I. Schellenboch, Privates A. J. Garner, J. Dinkfellow, and A. Grosserman. Company D.-Wounded: Captain J. Devor, neck; Privates R. Willson, leg; H. Zumi, hand; A. Hawkins, shoulder; and D. Strudebaker, thigh. Missing: Privates A. Dynes, S. Deforest, and D. West. Company E.-Killed: Corporal D. P. Allbright and Private J. J. Stoker. Wounded: Sergeant Perry, hand; Privates V. Jones, neck; J. Vanatles, thigh; George A. Davis, arm; and James Pea, side. Missing: Privates J. Hunsbarger and J. Landon, (prisoner.) Company F.-Wounded: Sergeant- George Shedd, shoulder; Privates J. J. Simmons, foot; and Jesse M. Hamens, leg. Missing: Privates S. C. Miller, A. Drexalins, S. Waters, and T. H. Seagrist. Company G.-Killed: Corporal J. Brown. Wounded: Captain W. Patton, leg and side; Corporals F. Buck, arm; and F. Pretz, knee; Privates J. Holler, throat; Joel Wagoner, shoulder; and Joe Howell, hand. 3issing: First Sergeant W. Tilton, Sergeant David Russell, Privates L. B. Kerfoot, F. Hill, E. J. Manche, (prisoner,) W. Barnhard, (prisoner,) L. Otis, (prisoner, paroled,) R. Pleger, (prisoner, paroled,) G. Kleim, (prisoner, paroled.) Company H.-Killed: Captain L. C. Counsellor. Wounded: Sergeant G. W. Eskridge, leg; Corporal J. Brobeck, stomach; Privates C. Patterson, thigh; and G. Weederlick, back. Missing: Privates James Justes, W. P. lMayer, and W. Case. Company I.-Wounded: Corporals McKilvey, leg, (died January 10;) J. W. Williams, leg, (amputated;) and J. McAlister, hand, (supposed prisoner;) R. R. Wells, hand; Private Kiedow, leg. Missing: Privates James Penn, T. C. Brumell, and Hend. Vance. Company K.-Wounded: Corporal W. Jones, side; Privates Charles Graham, D. Gowan, hip; and N. Johnson, side. Missing: Corporal J. Mahon, Privates S. B. Romick, B. Graham, J. Nulan, J. McCurdy, and J. C. lcGaw. 11TH MICHIGAN VOLUNTEERS. Major Sylvester B. Smith, wounded in face. Company A.-Killed: Private Edward Timna. Wounded: Captain David Oakes, neck; Corporal Edward D. White, leg; Privates Anson Spencer, left arm; William Wood, leg; Loomis Carpenter, shoulder; Robert Carpenter, breast; David Rockwell, shoulder;' Henry Clark, side; Daniel Rose, thigh bruised; William Lemunjon, side; Byron Baker, head; Julius Tompkins, head; Stephen Huly, head; Drummer William Platt, hip. Missing: Corporal A. B. White, Privates Byron Thomas and Rollin 0. Eaton. Company B.-Killed: Corporal Orrin Nichols, Privates Oliver Busby, Daniel Haynes and William Johnson. Wounded: Privates Andrew Silverwood, hip; Frederick Waltman, right thigh; Levi McGinness, left foot; Iarman Adams, left hand; Joseph Bowen, left shoulder; Dorry Nichols, left arm. Missing: Dexter

Page  166 166 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Avery, Bradley Mother, Oliver Swart, Robert Thomas, G. W. Vanvantenbury, and Halsey Miller. Company C.-Killed: Privates James Fisher, Daniel C. Leonard, and Bennet Smelts. Wounded: Second Lieutenant L. H. Howard, leg; Privates William Palten, hand; Jacob Hockenburgh, right side; Charles Leonard, over left eye. Missing: Sergeant Cyrus Sherman. Company D.-Wounded: Sergeant William Robson, hand; Corporal D. Le Burnes, left armn, Corporal B. Y. Bordner, arm; Privates John George, shoulder; John 0. Nayler, shoulder. Missing: Privates James Eberhard, Thos. A. White, Jesse J. Christy, Simpson D. Long, William H. Lucus, and Henry Burkson. Company E.-Killed: First Lieutenant Thomas Flynn, Sergeant Ezra Spencer, Privates Hiram Everett, Thomas Manning, Robert Mcllvain, and Joseph Le Roy. Wounded: Corporal Daniel Chase; Privates William Sherman, back; Benjamin F. Clubine, left side; Peter V. Dolber, right side; Frank M. Buter, arm; George Quay, back; Andrew Knapp, back; Bradley L. Lane, finger. Missing: Privates Samuel Quaco, James W. Beck, and Washington Antony. Company F.-Killed: First Lieutenant Joseph Wilson and Sergeant C. Peck. Wounded: Corporal Myron M. Comstock, thigh; Privates William Spafford, shoulder. Missing: Second Lieutenant Ephraim G. Hall, and Private Edward B. Hopkins. Company G.-Killed: Privates Oscar Angle, Perry Deforrist, Cyrus W. Gilbert, Silas Kelly, Joseph Killingerr and Sylvester Nichols. Wounded: First Lieutenant Thomas H. Briggs, leg; Sergeant James Boughton, head; Corporal Charles Myers, shoulder; Privates Jesse Nash, lung, (since dead;) John Austin, ankle; Stephen Andrews, arm; David F. Barrett, leg; Augustus E. Dickinson, hand; Martin Tanner, right arm; Andrew Kershner, face; James R. Hass, right'arm; Charles N. Nichols, head; James Rose, right arm; Martin V. B. Williams, side. Missing: Privates Chancy W. Granger and Almerin C. Currier. Company H.-Killed: Corporal George W. Guyer, Privates William Chamberlain and Chancy B. Green. Wounded: Privates Henry Vanderhoff, left arm; Ed. A. Green, back; Dennis N. Sewick, face. Missing: Musicians Abel Coon and Stillman Hedge. Company I.-Killed: Sergeant Ansel Palmer, Privates James W. Wright and George E. Jewett. Wounded: Privates Marcus D. Baker; Lynn Barnes, thigh; Elijah Lampkins, foot; George Francisco, head. Missing: Privates Napoleon B. Sprague and Walter F. Halleck. Company K.-Killed: Privates Thomas Brightly, Simon Hamiltons, and Joseph Miller. Wounded: First Lieutenant Patrick Keeyan, right cheek; First Sergeant John H. Johnson, head and left leg; Sergeants Coleman Dokin, right hand; John D. Keegan, thigh; Elmer Bradley, right cheek; Corporals James Bolton, left shoulder; Frank Papane, right thigh; Privates Myror Bragg, back; Homer Goodall, left hip; Alpheus Cheney, right arm; Anson Farmer, hand; William Horris, head; Adam Lehr, right hand; Jacob M. Pound, right shoulder; Daniel Rapps, back; Peter Leeley, head; Edward Finch, hand and arm; David Patterson, hip. Missing: Richard Privates Evans, Daniel Griswold, and Barthomer Rhodes. Respectfully submitted. T. R. STANLEY, Colonel Commanding. WILLIAM D. TEMPLE, Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

Page  167 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 167 HEADQUARTERS 69TH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. Agreeably to orders, I submit the following report of the part the 69th regiment Ohio volunteers took in the battles of "Stone river," omitting all the incidents up to the morning of December 31, 1862. The 69th regiment occupied the left of the 29th brigade, Negley's division, ahd was ordered to advance about 6 a. m. across the Nolensville pike; did so, and sent out three companies to the front. Remained in that position one and a half hour. Received an order to fall back to the right of Shultz's battery, which was executed in good order, the regiment sustaining a heavy fire from front and flank during that time Remained in that position, fighting, until the division was ordered to retire back as far as the pike; there the regiment was reformed. During all these moves and fighting we had many killed and wounded. During this time Colonel Cassilly was wounded through the arm severely. Major Hickcox had his horse shot under him, falling on him, and so severely bruising him as to compel him to leave the field. The command was then turned over to Captain Putnam, he being the senior officer present. Was ordered up to the front and sustained a heavy fire; was then ordered to retire by General Neg'ley in person. During this day's fighting I was back at Stewart's creek-left there with a detachment of two hundred men. Arrived on the battle-field at 5 p. m. and took command. Thursday was occupied in skirmishing with the enemy on our right. Nothing of special interest occurred during the day. Friday, January 2, was ordered to the left, where we took up a position and kept it until 3 p. m. At this time the division on the left of Stone river was attacked by the enemy, and after a short fight fell back. At this time we were ordered out into a corn-field, and lay down until the enemy came within three hundred yards. We then arose, fired, and charged up to the bank of Stone river, and halted a few minutes and fired across the river. Then crossed the river, and reformed, and charged them for half a mile and assisted to take a battery. The enemy having fallen back, we slowly retired to the woods, and took care of our wounded and dead, which I am sorry to say was heavy. (A full list has already been forwarded to brigade headquarters.) It was now dark, and we were ordered out on picket in front. Saturday, January 3, nothing of interest occurred. January 4, was on picket; relieved in the evening. January 5, came on through Murfreesboro', since which time we have been encamped in our present camp. I am, colonel, your obedient servant, J. F. ELLIOTT, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 69th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Colonel T. R. STANLEY, Commanding 2d Brigade, 2d Division, Centre. HEADQUARTERS 19T-H REGIMENT, ILLINOIS INFANTRY, Camp near Mlurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. SIR: I would respectfully submit my report of the part taken by the 19th regiment Illinois infantry in the late engagements before Murfreesboro'. On Tuesday morning, December 30, the regiment, under command of its colonel, Joseph R. Scott, was by your orders deployed as skirmishers to take possession of and hold certain buildings on the Nolensville pike. On the north side of said pike, on our front, and right opposite the above buildings, was a brickyard, in which we found the enemy in strong numbers. We succeeded, after a short struggle, in driving in their line of skirmishers, which had been thrown out, taking possession of the designated places. We held the position

Page  168 168 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. thus gained until relieved, about 12 m., by the 42d Illinois on our right and the 18th Ohio on our left. We then retired, and were held as a reserve, remaining in that position until next morning, the 31st. At about 9 a. m. of the 31st we became engaged with a large force of the enemy. By your orders we changed our position for the purpose of protecting and preventing, if possible, our right wing from being turned, which, after some two hours' hard fighting, the enemy succeeded in doing. We retired, falling back in line of battle to the cedar forest, where we halted, but were ordered to fall back still further. We again made a stand some fifty yards from the edge of the forest, engaging the enemy alone. We held our position perhaps half an hour, but our colonel, seeing that we were in danger of being outflanked, ordered a retreat, which was done in good order, falling back to the railroad. By your orders we changed our position several times during the day, but we were not engaged in action. On Thursday, January 1, 1863, we changed our position several times, but did not become engaged with the enemy. On the 2d, about 3} p. m., the enemy suddenly attacked our left with great fury, and after some severe fighting, the left gave way. We were then ordered forward to their support. Charging upon the enemy, we drove them back. Crossing Stone river, we forced them beyond their batteries, capturing four of their guns, remaining masters of the field. Early in the engagement our colonel, whilst gallantly leading his men, fell severely, but not dangerously, wounded, the command then devolving upon me; and I here take great pleasure in testifying to the bravery and good conduct of both officers and men in my command. But where all did their duty so nobly, it would be unjust to discriminate. Enclosed please find list of casualties in my command. Trusting the above may prove satisfactory, I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, ALEX. W. RAFFEN, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 19th Illinois Infantry. T. R. STANLEY, Colonel, Commanding 29th Brigade. Indorsed: Headquarters nineteenth regiment Illinois volunteers, Murfreesboro', January 10, 1863, A. W. Raffen, lieutenant colonel, commanding. Report part taken by the nineteenth regiment Illinois volunteers in the engagements of December 30 and 31, 1862, and January 2, 1863, on Stone river, Tennessee. HEADQUARTERS 2D DIVISION, 14TH ARMY CORPS, Murfreesboro', February 9, 1863. Respectfully referred to department headquarters. JAS. S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General. List of killed, wounded, and missing of the nineteenth regiment llinois infantry, at the battle of Stone river, Tennessee, December 30 and 31, 1862, and Januari 2, 1863. Colonel Joseph R. Scott, wounded in thigh; Major James V. Guthrie, wounded in face. Company A.-Killed: Corporal Ira A. Pease, and Privates Devillo L. Holmes, and Thos. A. Moore. Wounded: Sergeants William H. Wildey, arm, and R. G. Sylvester, head; Corporal Charles Kerr, leg; Privates R. P. Blanchard, side; J. H. Edgell, leg; M. C. Kennedy, leg; Jos. H. Slagle, side;

Page  169 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 169 Chas. H. Tuthill, hand; George Uttz, abdomen, (died January 2, 1863;) Samuel Warden, shoulder. Missing: Chris. A. Mulvey. Company B.-Killed: Corporal George Ryerson, and Privates Isaac L. Kenyon, Charles M. Leason, and J. C. Jones. Wounded: Captain Alex. Murchison, back; Second Lieutenant John H. Hunter, thigh; Sergeant Thomas Robson, shoulder; Corporal H. B. Worth, finger; Privates George Dugan, thumb; Thomas Turnbull, thumb; George T. Sharrer, thigh; T. W. Oziah, lip; Columbus Morgan, bowels, (died January 7, 1863;) William Douglass, foot; J. M. Leacox, arm; Walter Clark, knee. Missing: Corporal J. L. Kennedy. Company C.-Wounded: First Lieutenant Washington L. Wood, hand; Corporals Henry Sweezy, body, (died January 3, 1863,) and Delevan Craft, leg; Privates John Ivis, hand; Webster Daniels, hand; Peter Bourkwort, arm; Charles Adair, neck; Wilkins M. Battis, leg; Frank Sequin, arm; Edward McKeebe, leg. Company D.-Killed: Corporal Robert McCracken. Wounded: Sergeant Jonas Goldsmith, side, (died January 1, 1863;) Corporal William B Taylor, leg; Privates John Tansey, back, (paroled January 4, 1863;) Thomas Williard, legs; Henry E. Carter, leg; Jacob Bolls, breast; Joseph Smith, head; Samuel Madden, shoulder. Missing: Privates Henry Clay Daggy, James H. Haynie, and Murray W. Smith. Company E.-Wounded: Corporals Peter F. Guthrie, back, (prisoner;) Joseph C. Huntington, hand; Alex. McL. Frazier, back; Privates David McArthur, face; John Hays, hip; John G. P. Noble, abdomen, (died of wounds;) Thomas C. Welsh, hip; Thomas King, thigh. Missing: Privates John E. A. Stephens, George Joel, Daniel McVeoy, and William Patterson. Company F.-Killed: Captain Knowlton H. Chandler and Private Samuel Griffin. Wounded: Abraham Hess, side; Christopher Moore, shoulder; Wm. Afland, leg; John Coleman, hand. Company G.-Detached as an artillery company by order of Major General Rosecrans. Company I.-Killed: Private Jesse Maxwell. Wounded: CaptainPeachy A. Garriott. leg; Second Lieutenant Wellington Wood, bowels, (died January 5, 1863;) Sergeant Volney C. Johnson, leg, (prisoner;) Corporals Sumner Harrington, side; William Hagerty, arm, (prisoner;) Lloyd B. Thomas, knee; John H. Snyder, thigh; Private Henri E. Wells, arm; George F. Fleming, arm, (prisoner;) George B. Sickles, shoulder; James W. Carson, wrist, (prisoner;) John Benham, ankle, (prisoner paroled;) James F. Coleman, eye; Josiah Suter, leg; Mettellus Stoughten, thigh; Charles G. Bates, wrist. Missing: George Kerns. Company L-Killed: Private John Triteau. Wounded: Privates Henry Harms, back; Richard Doring, arm; Joseph Matt, leg. Missing: Privates Frank Hogan and Lyman M. Jones. Company K.-Killed: Corporal Daniel W. Griffin. Wounded: Second Lieutenant V. Bradford Bell, head; Sergeant Sutherland H. Scadin, leg; Corporal J. Frank Russel, head; James C. Fullerton, mortally; Edgar M. Bullen, side; P. Smith, mouth; Robert Periolet, thigh; Chas. Kent, head. Missing: Privates James A. Dwyer and Thomas Johnson. HEADQUARTERS 37TH TNDIANA VOLUNTEERS, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 10, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the 37th Indiana volunteers in the engagement at Stone river, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, commencing December 30, 1862, and ending January 3, 1863. On the morning of the 30th, the regiment, Colonel Hull commanding, moved

Page  170 170 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. through the cedar thicket to the right of bivouac, and there rested, only two companies, D and E, taking part in skirmishing. On the morning of the 31st the regiment was moved to the open field to support Marshall's battery, where it remained until about 9 a. m., when we changed front, still supporting same battery. While there, one piece was disabled by the horses all being killed and cannoneers leaving. The regiment then advanced to the woods on the front, which position was held until 12 m. The troops on the right giving way, Colonel Hull called up three pieces of artillery while in that position, which did great execution in the centre. He also ordered two pieces on the right, which were of great support to the maintaining of the position. We were assisted at one time by the 74th Ohio volunteers, also by the 78th Pennsylvania volunteers, which passed over us. During the entire time we were in this position the cross fire of the enemy from each flank, in addition to that we were meeting in front, was exceedingly galling. About 12 o'clock m. we were ordered to retire in support of Neel's battery As we approached the thicket, the fire from the enemy's batteries became extremely harassing, so much so that the battery which we supported was compelled to retire. We then moved by left flanks to engage the enemy, who was approaching by brigade, at which time we were broken up by a regiment passing through our lines. We again collected our men, when the 11th Michigan volunteers also passed through our lines, causing some confusion. The regiment again formed near the centre of the woods, and moved in column of battle to the outer edge, where Colonel Hull was wounded by a musket ball, passing through his left hip, entirely disabling him for duty, at which time the command was turned over to me. I moved the regiment to the pike, where I received ammunition, which we were entirely out of. The brigade then being again formed, we rested, not being placed in action again that day. On the morning of the 1st January, 1863, we were moved to the right, where the enemy was expected to press. There we remained during the day and night following, resting on arms, but unengaged. On the afternoon of the second we were moved to the left centre, where we were placed to support a battery or batteries. While there, the forces across the river gave way. The 7th brigade then being ordered to charge, I crossed the brow of the hill and engaged the enemy that had approached the river, drove them back, and held the position under extremely heavy fire from cannon and musketry. I remained in that position until dark, when I was ordered back about two hundred yards, where I remained in that position until after noon of the 4th, when the forces moved for Murfreesboro'. Colonel Hull's actions during the engagement of the 31st were such as merit the highest praise. He at all times was at his post coolly, bravely, nobly doing his entire duty, causing his willing men to be more energetic. I cannot mention any individual case of bravery among the officers or men without doing injustice to every unmentioned one. Officers and men labored with that energy and presence of mind which distinguishes the soldier from the coward. I return my heartfelt thanks to each and every officer and enlisted man for their noble co-operation during the entire engagement. I trust their country will be mindful of them. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM D. WARD, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding. Lieutenant HENRY M. CIST, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 7th Brigade.

Page  171 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 171 Indorsed: Received headquarters 3d brigade, 2d division, centre, Murfreesboro', January 10, 1863. Lieutenant Colonel William D. Ward, commanding 37th Indiana volunteer infantry. Official report of the part taken by the 37th Indiana volunteers at the " battles of Stone river," from December 30, 1862, to January 4, 1863. HEADQUARTERS 3D BRIGADE, 2D DIVISION, CENTRE, Murfreesboro', January 27, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. WILLIAM SIRWELL, Colonel 78th Pa. Volunteer Infantry, Commanding 3d Brigade, 84c. HEADQUARTERS 2D DIVISION, 14TH ARMY CORPS, Murfreesboro', February 5, 1863. Respectfully forwarded. JAMES S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General Commanding. HEADQUARTERS 11TH MICHIGAN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, In the field near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 4, 1863. SIR: Agreeably to orders, I submit the following report of the part taken by the 11th regiment Michigan infantry in the recent engagement: On the morning of the 31st December heavy firing was heard to our right and front, and apparently rapidly approaching the position occupied by the 29th brigade. My regiment was imimmediately formed and marched to the brow of the hill near brigade headquarters. The skirmishing soon after indicated the approach of the enemy to the right of this position, and under orders from Colonel Stanley, and at the request of General Rousseau, the regiment was formed in line of battle under cover of a ledge of rocks about one hundred yards in this direction. The skirmishing continued with much spirit for about half an hour, when a heavy roar of musketry and artillery indicated that the principal attack of the enemy was being made immediately to our left and rear. I immediately gave orders to change front to the rear on the first company, which was promptly executed under a heavy fire, and the regiment advanced to the brow of the hill, from which Shoull's battery had first been drawn, under a galling fire, and poured a well-directed fire into the advancing columns of the enemy, and continued to load and fire with great coolness and bravery until the orders came to fall back. The fire of the enemy was apparently concentrated upon this point, and was terrific. The slaughter was.great, and men and officers fell on every side. The regiment fell back about one hundred yards, and was again formed, and poured a fire into the enemy as he raised the brow'of the hill, and then retired to the corner of the cedars in our rear. Here some confusion was at first manifested; a large number of regiments had fallen back here for protection, and the enemy's artillery and infantry opened upon us from all sides except to our left towards the Murfreesboro' pike. Order was, however, promptly restored by our division and brigade commanders, and then my regiment, with the others, moved back in good order, keeping up a steady fire on the enemy. When near the cleared field, to the right of the Murfreesboro' pike, the regiment was rallied and held the ground for twenty or thirty minutes, checking the advance of the enemy. It was then marched about half-way across the open field to the pike, when orders came to charge back into the cedars. My regiment promptly obeyed my orders, rallied on their colors and charged back into the woods with great

Page  172 172 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. gallantry, checking the enemy by their sudden and impetuous charge. After delivering our fire, orders came from the brigade commander to retire, and the regiment fell back in good order to the left of the Murfreesboro' pike. Here closed the active operations of the day, On the 2d of January instant the regiment was again called into action. In the afternoon of that day we were posted in an open field in the rear ofbattery, on the left wing of the army, and about one hundred yards to the right of Wilson's creek. Between three and four o'clock the enemy made a heavy attack, with artillery and infantry, on our front. My command was kept lying upon the ground, protected by a slight hill, for about thirty minutes. At the expiration of this time the enemy had driven back our forces on the opposite side of the creek, and one regiment crossed in great disorder, many without arms, and rushed through our ranks. As soon as the enemy came within range across the creek, my regiment, with the others of this brigade, rose up and gave him a destructive fire, and immediately charged over the creek, the enemy falling back under cover of the woods. In crossing the creek my line of battle was necessarily broken, and I led them forward to a fence on a rise of ground, and formed them in line, when they immediately opened an effective fire on the enemy, who in a short time retreated through the woods. The regiment promptly advanced to the edge of the woods, and delivered a rapid fire on him as he retreated across the open field. The 11th was amnong the first who crossed the creek and assisted in capturing four pieces of artillery abandoned by the enemy in their flight. At this time my ammunition was nearly exhausted, and I, with the other regiments in the advance, formed a line of battle and held our position until recalled across the creek. I cannot speak too highly of the bravery of the troops under my command. They fought with the coolness of veterans, and obeyed commands under the hottest fire with the precision of the parade ground. Lieutenants Wilson and Flynn were killed while gallantly discharging their duties as company commanders. Major Smith and Lieutenants Hall, Briggs, and Howard were wounded, the two former severely, and are prisoners of war. The officers of my command, without exception, behaved with great gallantry, coolness, and fortitude. When all nobly discharged their duty, it would perhaps be unjust to discriminate. The following are the casualties as far as known at this time: Killed....................................................... 25 Wounded................................. 70 Missing.................................................. 23 Aggregate loss..................118 I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM L. STOUGHTON, Colonel 11th Regiment Michigan Infantry. M. D. TEMPLE, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. Indorsed: Headquarters 11th regiment Michigan volunteers, Murfreesboro', January 4, 1863, William L. Stoughton, colonel commanding. Report part taken by the 11th Michigan infantry in the battle of Stone river, December 30 and 31, 1862, and January 2, 1863. HEADQUARTERS 2D DIVISION, 14TH ARMY CORPS, Murfreesboro', February 9, 1863. Respectfully forwarded to department headquarters. JAS. S. NEGLEY, Brigadier General.

Page  173 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 173 HEADQUARTERS 18TH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUINTEER INFANTRY, Before Murfreesboro', January 4, 1863. I have the honor to report that on the 30th of December the 18th Ohio volunteers, under my command, with Captain A. Fenton, acting major, and Lieutenant A. W. S. Minear, adjutant, took position with the reserve on the left of the centre wing. At 1 o'clock p. m., under your orders, I took position in the woods to the west of the Winston pike, joining with the left of the right wing. At the instance of the commander of the left flank regiment of the right wing, I relieved three of his companies then deployed as skirmishers and engaging the enemy. My skirmishers soon started the enemy, and would have cleared the woods but for an order received from the right not to advance our part of the line, whereupon I fell back to the first position, preserving an alignment with my right. At 5 o'clock p. m. I was relieved by the 11th Michigan, and I moved to the rear, where I remained all night. On the morning of the 31st I again took position with the reserve, but was soon ordered forward to support the battery. At - a. m. I was ordered to take position in raar of the position and fronting to the rear, it having been discovered that the enemy had turned our right. No enemy appearing at that point, I was ordered to take position again on the hill and support the battery. I found the battery men much endangered by the enemy's skirmishers to the right. I deployed a company and soon removed them. I was then ordered to take position in the woods on the left, the enemy having made his appearance in that direction. When moving to that position a very considerable consternation was observed among our forces, many of the regiments moving to the rear. Observing that a regiment still held the position, I moved rapidly to its rear; that regiment was lying down so that my men were enabled to remain in their rear and engage in the firing. This position was rendered necessary, other regiments having moved into the only available position on the right and left. By the combined efforts of the forces there the enemy was driven from the woods, but very soon a piece of artillery was brought into position against us. I hastened to where our battery was to ask that it might be brought to bear against the enemy's piece that was then doing fearful havoc among our ranks. I learned that for want of ammunition none of our pieces were available. In the midst of this terrible fire I received your order to fall back, which I did, my men preserving perfect order. During this engagement Captain A. Fenton, who was acting major, and whose services proved of inestimable value, fell wounded, and was placed on a horse and started to the rear; since that nothing has been heard of him, and I have reason to fear that he has fallen into the enemy's hands. After falling back as ordered to the point near the Nashville pike, I received your order to take a position in line with the 19th Illinois, and in rear of a line formed, as I understood, by a part of General Rousseau's command. We had scarcely taken our position when the enemy engaged the first line, which, after some minutes, retired under a terrible fire from the enemy. Anticipating the movement, I caused my men to lie down, and cautioned them to hold their fire until the enemy closed on them. The first line passed over my men closely followed by the enemy. My men, observing well the caution I had given, poured a well-directed fire into the enemy, which checked them, but soon their second line pressed upon me, when I, with the rest of the line, fell back. Immediately on the appearance of the enemy the 19th Illinois was moved to another position on his flank, so that no other regiment remained on the line with me. I moved to the rear gradually, returning the enemy's fire, until I found myself on open ground, when I ordered my men to move double-quick to a point covered from the enemy's fire, where I rallied my men and reformed my ranks, which had become somewhat broken in the retreat. Just as I had accomplished this, General Rousseau ordered me to charge the woods again, encouraging the men

Page  174 174 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. to charge by taking the lead in person. The men, already breathless from fatigue, approached the close woods but slowly, yet in perfect order, notwithstanding the enemy from the cover of the woods met us with a withering fire. My men bravely charged upon the hidden enemy and drove them back into the woods, where they held them at bay for some twenty minutes- Seeing that I was unsupported and standing against a much stronger force, and that some fifty of my command had already fallen, I ordered a retreat, returning to the same place from which I had started under General Rousseau's order. In this engagement Captain P. E. Taylor fell mortally wounded, also Lieutenant Minear, adjutant, fell severely wounded. I was then, with the balance of the brigade, withdrawn from the field for that day. My command was not actively engaged again until the afternoon of the 2d instant. I took position in rear of the battery in our centre about four o'clock, when the enemy appeared to our left. I was ordered by General Negley to move to the support of the battery on the left, and to take covering behind the buildings near the position. When I arrived there I saw the enemy's columns advancing under cover of the woods to our left, the head of his column almost to the creek. I immediately deployed my column and moved my line forward to a fence, from which my men sent a well-directed fire against the. enemy. At this point Captain J. M. Welch, who was acting major, was carried from the field severely wounded, also Sergeant L. D. Carter, aiding me as adjutant. Seeing that our fire brought the enemy to a halt, and that our forces were advancing, I ordered my men forward across the stream, which was promptly under execution, when I discovered the enemy moving on our right in the woods in heavy force, evidently intending to attack us on our flank. I immediately ordered a halt and rallied my men who had not already crossed the stream, leaving those who had crossed, as I supposed to the command of Captain Welch, of whose wounds I was not informed. I rallied my men, getting many men from other regiments, and moved towards the woods on the right. Finding my ranks very imperfectly formed, I called a halt to allow the men a moment's rest and to prepare my ranks for a charge bayonet. Just as I halted a regiment arrived in my rear and passed on. Just then I received an order from General Palmer to move forward, which I did, taking position on the right of the other regiment. The line soon pressed the enemy back, discovering which I moved my line forward; but, finding that the other regiment did not advance, I caused my bugler to sound a retreat, so as to join my forces with the other regiiment. Just as the line was moving to the rear a man on the right called out " they are flanking us from the woods on the right." This caused some of the men to retreat hastily. I hastened to the open ground, from which I saw that the report was false. When I rallied those that had fled, and returned to the woods again, we continued to reply to the enemy's fire until darkness set in, when I withdrew, other forces having arrived to hold the ground. In this charge Captain George Stivers, a most valuable officer, fell mortally wounded. The behavior of all my officers in these various engagements was such as that I may only say every one did all that he could or that any one in his position could have done, and, as to my men, I can praise no one above another. All did well alike, except three or four cowards, who deserted their posts and went back to Nashville. I hereto append a list of our loss. Your obedient servant, JOSIAH GIVEN, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 18th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Colonel T. R. STANLEY, Commanding 29th Brigade.

Page  175 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 175 HEADQUARTERS EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER.S, /lurfreesboro', January 22, 1863. SIR: The enclosed list of names are members of the eighteenth regiment Ohio volunteers, who were wounded and taken prisoners by the enemy in the late battle of Stone river and paroled; they are now in Murfreesboro'. I would respectfully ask what disposition shall be made of them. I am, very truly, yours, CHARLES C. ROSS, Captain Commanding. Major C. GODDARD, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. List of paroled wounded prisoners of the eighteenth regiment Ohio volunteers, taken in the late battle of Stone river, now in AZurfreesboro'. Captain Ashbel Fenton, company B; Sergeant John W. Root, company C; Corporals James Quinn, company A, and Bufbrd Griffeth, company G; Privates Enoch Smith, company A; Asa S. Scott, L. S. Bancroft, and L. H. Kenard, company B; Irwin Connon and I. McDonald, company C; Sherman Freese, John L. Guy, W. H. McDonald, and George W. O'Day, company E; Samuel. S. IMcDivitt, company G; James D. James, company I; George W. Angell, company K. 12.-REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL McCOOK.. HEADQUARTERS RIGHT WING 14TH ARMY CORPS, In Camp ~ miles south of Murfreesboro', Tenn., January 8, 1863. MAJOR: In compliance with telegraphic orders from the general commanding, received at my camp on Mill creek, five miles south of Nashville, at 4~ o'clock a. m., on the morning of the 26th of December, 1862, I put the right wing of the 14th corps in motion towards Nolensville, Tennessee. The 1st division, Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis commanding, marched, at 6 a. m., upon the Edmondson pike, with orders to move upon that road to Prim's blacksmith shop, from whence it was to march direct, by a country road, to Nolensville. The 3d division, Brigadier General Philip H. Sheridan commanding, also marched at 6 a. m., and upon the direct road to Nolensville. The 3d division, Brigadier General R. W. Johnson commanding, (the reserve of the right wing,) followed the 3d division upon the direct road. The advance guards of Generals Davis's and Sheridan's columns encountered the enemy's cavalry about two miles beyond our picket line. There was continuous skirmishing with the enemy until the heads of these columns reached Nolensville. About one mile beyond the town the enemy made a determined stand in a defile and upon a range of hills that cross the turnpike at this point, lining the slopes with skirmishers, and placing a six-gun battery on a commanding position, endeavoring to repel our advance. They were attacked in front and their position handsomely turned by General Carlin's brigade, of Davis's division, capturing one piece of their artillery and several prisoners. After taking possession of the defile and hills the command was encamped. On the night of this day I was visited by the general commanding, who gave me verbal orders to move forward, in the morning, to Triune, seven miles distant, and attack Hardee's corps, supposed to be quartered at that place. At this camp I was joined by Brigadier General D. S. Stanley, chief of cavalry, with the 1st and 2d Tennessee regiments and the 15th Pennsylvania cavalry. Preparations were made to move forward at daylight-the cavalry under

Page  176 176 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. General Stanley in the advance, followed by the 2d division, under General Johnson. It having rained all the day previous, and the entire night, there was a dense fog which prevented us from seeing one hundred and fifty yards in any direction. The column having moved about two miles to the front, they again encountered the enemy, consisting of cavalry, infantry, and artillery. The fog at this time being so thick that friend could not be distinguished from foe, and our cavalry having been fired upon by our infantry skirmishers, on the flanks, the enemy being conversant with the ground, my troops strangers to it, and from prisoners captured having learned that Hardee's corps had been in line of battle since the night before, 1 did not deem it prudent to advance until the fog lifted, and I ordered the command to halt until the work could be done understandingly. The fog having lifted at 7 o'clock p. m., an advance was immediately ordered, driving the enemy's cavalry before us. On nearing Triune we found that the main portion of their forces had retired, leaving a battery of six pieces, supported by cavalry, to contest the crossing of Nelson's creek, which has steep and bluff banks. The enemy having destroyed the bridge, it was with difficulty that artillery could be crossed. On the approach of our skirmishers the battery, with the cavalry, took flight down the Eaglesville road. It now being nearly dark, and a severe and driving rainstorm blowing, they were pursued no further. Johnson's division crossed and camped beyond Nelson's creek, repairing the destroyed bridge. On the morning of the 28th instant, I ordered out a strong reconnoissance under Brigadier General Willich, to learn whether the enemy had retired to Shelbyville or Murfreesboro'. Pursuing seven miles down the Shelbyville road, it was found that the enemy had turned to the left, having taken a dirt road which led into the Salem pike, thence to Murfreesboro'. Leaving the 3d brigade of Johnson's division at Triune, I marched on the 29th, with my command, on the Bullejacks road towards Murfreesboro'. The road being a very bad one, the command did not reach Wilkinson's Crossroads (five miles from Murfreesboro') until late in the evening. My command was encamped in line of battle: Sheridan's division on the left of Wilkinson's pike; Davis's division on right of same road; Woodruff's brigade guarding the bridge over Overall's creek; the two brigades of Johnson's division watching the right. On that evening, believing that the enemy intended giving our army battle at or near Murfreesboro', I ordered the brigade left at Triune to join the command without delay, which it did on the 30th. At one o'clock on the morning of the 30th I received an order from General Rosecrans to report in person at his headquarters, on the Murfreesboro' pike, and arrived there at 3.30 a. m. I received my instructions, which were that the left of my line should rest on the right of General Negley's division, and my right was to be thrown forward until it became parallel, or nearly so, with Stone river, the extreme right to rest on or near the Franklin road. My entire command advanced at 91 o'clock a. m., Sheridan's division moving down the Wilkinson turnpike until its advance encountered the enemy's pickets. The line of battle was then formed, the left of Sheridan's division resting upon the Wilkinson' pike, and immediately upon General Negley's right; the remainder of Sheridan's division was deployed to the right, the line running in a southeasterly direction. Davis's division, which had already been deployed, iloved up, his left resting upon Sheridan's right, Johnson's division being held in reserve.

Page  177 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 177 Our front was covered with a strong line of skirmishers, who soon became sharply engaged with the enemy's sharpshooters and skirmishers. The line moved forward, but slowly, as the enemy contested stubbornly every inch of ground gained by us. The ground was very favorable to them; they were under cover of a heavy woods and cedar thicket. At 12 m. on the 30th the house of a Mr. Harding came within our lines. From that point I ascertained where the enemy's line of battle was, our skirmishers being then about 500 yards from it.;- The right, under General Davis, moved handsomely, but slowly, into position, as the ground over which he had to march was hotly contested by the enemy's skirmishers. At 1 p. m. word was sent to General D. S. Stanley, chief of cavalry, that Colonel Zahm, commanding three regiments of cavalry on my right flank, was hard pressed by a superior force. I ordered one brigade of my reserve division to report to General Stanley, who conducted it to the Franklin road. On his approach the enemy pressing Colonel Zahm retired, and the brigade was ordered back to its former position. At 2 p. m. a citizen living on the Franklin road, and about one-half mile in front of the enemy's line of battle, was sent me under guard by General Stanley. He reported as follows: "I was up to the enemy's line of battle twice yesterday, and once this morning, to get some stock taken from me. The enemy's troops are posted in the following manner: the right of Cheatam's division rests on the Wilkinson pike; Withers is on Cheatam's left, with his left resting on the Franklin road; Hardee's corps is entirely beyond that road, and his left extending towards the Salem pike." This man was sent immediately to the general commanding, and subsequently returned to me, with the report that his information had been received. I also sent a report to the general commanding by my aide-de-camp, Captain Horace N. Fisher, that the right of my line rested directly in front of the enemy's centre. This made me anxious for my right. All my division commanders were immediately informed of this fact, and two brigades of the reserve division, commanded, respectively, by Generals Willich and Kirk, two of the best and most experienced brigadiers in the army, were ordered to the right of the line, to protect the right flank and guard against surprise there. At 6 o'clock p. m. I received an order from the general commanding to have large and extended camp fires made on my right to deceive the enemy, making them believe that we were massing troops there. This order was communicated to General Stanley, commanding cavalry, and carried into execution by Major R. H. Nodine, 25th Illinois, engineer officer on my staff. On the evening of the 30th the order of battle was nearly parallel with that of the enemy, my right slightly refused, and my line of battle in two lines. Two brigades of the reserve re-enforced the right of the line, and the 3d brigade of the reserve was posted in column about 800 yards in rear of the right. On the evening of the 30th Sheridan's left rested on the Wilkinson road, and on the right of Negley's division, and the line then ran in a southeasterly direction through an open wood, thence in front of and partly through a cedar thicket, until General Davis's right rested near the Franklin road. Kirk's brigade was on Davis's right, Willich's brigade placed on a line nearly perpendicular to the main line, forming a crotchet to the rear, to avoid the possibility of my right being turned by anything like an equal force. My line was a strong one-open ground in front for a short distance. My instructions for the following day were received at about 6~ p. m. on the 30th, which were as follows: "Take a strong position; if the enemy attacks you, fall back slowly, refusing your right, contesting the ground inch by inch. If the enemy does not attack Ex. Doc. 2- 12

Page  178 178 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. you, you will attack him, not vigorously, but warmly; the time of attack by you (General McCook) to be designated by the general commanding." I was also informed that Crittenden's corps would move simultaneously with my attack into Murfreesboro'; written instructions were sent by me to each division commander on the night of the 30th, explaining to each what would be required of them on the 31st. At about 6.30 a. m. on the 31st a determined and heavy attack was made upon Kirk's and Willich's brigades on the extreme right. They were attacked by such an overwhelming force that they were compelled to fall back. General Kirk being seriously wounded at the first fire upon his main line, General Willich having his horse killed early in the action, and he falling into the hands of the enemy, the two brigades were deprived of their immediate commanders and gave way in confusion. Colonel Post's brigade, on the right of Davis's division, and, in fact, my entire line to Sheridan's left, was almost simultaneously attacked by a heavy force of the enemy. The attack in front of Davis and Sheridan was repulsed several times, and had not the heavy turning columns of the enemy on my right succeeded so well, my line could have been maintained, and the enemy driven back to his barricades, which extended from the Wilkinson pike, with but a short interval, three-fourths of a mile, beyond the Franklin road. General Sheridan's division was ably manoeuvred by him under my own eye. As soon as it became evident that my lines would be compelled to give way, orders were given to reform my line in the first skirt of timber in rear of my first position. The enemy advancing so rapidly upon my right, I found this impossible, and changed the point of reforming my line to the high ground in rear of the Wilkinson pike. Moving to the left of my line, and in rear of Sheridan's division, I here met General Rousseau in a cedar wood posting his division to repel the attack. I then ordered my line to fall still further back and form on the right of Rousseau. I gave General Johnson orders in person to form his division in rear of Rousseau. Rousseau's division having been withdrawn to the open ground in rear of the cedar woods; the last position became untenable, and my troops were retired to the Nashville pike, where my wing, except Schaffer's brigade of Sheridan's division, was reassembled and replenished with ammunition. On arrival at the pike I found Colonel Harker's brigade, of Wood's division, retiring before a heavy force of the enemy. I immediately ordered Roberts's brigade, of Sheridan's division, to advance into a cedar wood and charge the enemy and drive him back. Although this brigade was much reduced in numbers, and having but two rounds of cartridges, it advanced to the charge under the gallant Colonel Bradley, driving the enemy back with the bayonet, capturing two guns and forty prisoners, and securing our communication on the Murfreesboro' pike at this point. This brigade is composed of the 22d, 27th, 42d, and 51st Illinois volunteers; the 27th particularly distinguished itself. About eleven a. m. Colonel Moses B. Walker's brigade arrived upon the field, and reported to me for duty; they were assigned to General Sheridan's command, to whose report I refer for the good conduct of this brigade. On the afternoon of the 31st the right wing assumed a strong position; its left, composed of Walker's brigade, resting near a commanding knoll, its line running nearly northwest along the slope of a ridge, covered with cedar growth, the right resting upon the Murfreesboro' pike. On the slope strong barricades were erected, which could well have been defended by single lines. The second line and Gibson's brigade (late Willicl's) was used as a reserve. The right wing, excepting Davis's division and Gibson's brigade, did not participate in any general engagement after the 31st. There was constant skirmishing in my front until the night of the 3d. On the 4th the enemy left his position in front of the right, and evacuated Murfreesboro' on the night of the same day. On the 6th the right wing marched to its present camp, two and a half miles south of Murfreesboro', on the Shelbyville pike.

Page  179 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 179 The reports of Generals Johnson, Davis, and Sheridan, division commanders, are herewith enclosed. Accompanying General Johnson's report you will find the reports of the brigade, regimental, and battery commanders carefully prepared. I have been thus particular, on account of the commanding general's despatch to the general-in-chief, and also from erroneous reports sent to the public by newspaper correspondents. The attention of the general commanding is particularly called to Colonels Gibson and Dodge; also to Lieutenant Colonel Jones's report, who commanded the pickets in front of Willich's brigade. Captain Edgarton, commanding battery of Kirk's brigade, certainly was guilty of a grave error in taking even a part of his horses to water at such an hour; he is in the hands of the enemy, therefore no report can be had from him at present. In strict compliance with my orders, and the knowledge I possessed of the position of the enemy, which was communicated to my superior, also to the generals under my command, I could not have made a better disposition of my troops. On subsequent examination of the field, I found the statements of the citizen, referred to in my report correct, as the barricades extended fully three-fourths of a mile beyond the Franklin road. I am well- satisfied that Hardee's corps, supported by McCowan's division, (late of Kirby Smith's corps,) attacked Kirk's and Willich's brigades. About the same time Withers's division attacked Davis, and Cheatam's division attacked Sheridan; Cheatam's and Withers's divisions compose General Polk's corps. I was in the rear of the centre of my line when this attack commenced; therefore I did not see all the column that attacked and turned my right; but it can be safely estimated that the rebel force outnumbered ours three to one. After leaving my line of battle, the ground in rear was, first, open fields; second, woods; then a dense cedar thicket; and over such ground it was almost impossible for troops to retire in good order, particularly when assailed by superior numbers. My ammunition train, under the charge of my efficient ordnance officer, Captain Gates P. Thruston, 1st Ohio volunteers, was at an early hour ordered to take a position in rear of the centre of my line. It was there attacked by the enemy's cavalry, which was handsomely repulsed by a detachment of cavalry under the direction of Captain H. Pease, of General Davis's staff, and Captain G. P. Thruston, ordnance officer. The train was conducted safely to the Nashville pike, Captain Thruston cutting a road through the cedar wood for the passage of the train. To Brigadiers R. W. Johnson, Philip H. Sheridan, and Jeff. C. Davis I return my thanks for their gallant conduct upon the days of the battles, and for their prompt support and conscientious attention to duty during their service in the right wing. I commend them to my superiors and my country. To Brigadier General D. S. Stanley, chief of cavalry, my thanks are particularly due. He commanded my advance from Nolensville, and directed the cavalry on my right flank. A report of the valuable services of our cavalry will be furnished by General Stanley. I commend him to my superiors and my country. For the particular instances of good conduct of individuals I refer you to the reports of division commanders. I cannot refrain from again calling the attention of my superiors to the conspicuous gallantry and untiring zeal of Colonel W. H. Gibson, of the 49th Ohio volunteers. He succeeded to the command of Willich's brigade, and was ever prompt to dash upon the enemy with his gallant brigade when opportunity per

Page  180 180 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. mitted. I have repeatedly recommended him for promotion; he has again won additional claims to his reward. Colonel Harker, commanding a brigade of Wood's division, performed gallant service under my supervision, as also did Colonel Fyffe, of the 59th Ohio. They are commended to my superiors. To my staff-Lieutenant Colonel E. Bassett Langdon, inspector general; Major R. H. Nodine, engineer officer; Major J. A. Campbell, assistant adjutant general; Captain Gates P. Thruston, ordnance officer; Captain B. D. Williams, aide-de-camp; Captain J. F. Boyd, assistant quartermaster; Captain 0. F. Blake, provost marshal; Major Caleb Bates, volunteer aide-de-camp; Captain Horace A. Fisher, volunteer aide-de-camp and topographical engineer-my thanks are due for their conspicuous gallantry and intelligence on the field. My escort, under command of Lieutenant Theckston, 2d Kentucky cavalry, and my orderlies, behaved gallantly. When my horse was shot, Orderly Cook, of the 2d Indiana, promptly replaced him with his own. The officers of the signal corps were ever ready to perform any service in their line or as aids. The report of Surgeon C. McDermont, the medical director of the right wing, is also submitted. Surgeon McDermont's gallantry on the field and his great care for the wounded is worthy of great praise. My entire medical corps behaved nobly, except Assistant Surgeon W. S. Fish, of the 3d Indiana cavalry, who fled to Nashville. He is recommended for dismissal. The casualties of my wing are five hundred and forty-two killed, and two thousand three hundred and thirty-four wounded. The nation is again called to mourn the loss of gallant spirits who fell upon this sanguinary field. First of these, Brigadier General J. W. Sill, commanding first brigade, -third division. He was noble, conscientious in the discharge of every duty, brave to a fault; he had no.ambition save to serve his country. He died a Christian soldier in the act of repulsing the enemy. Such names as Roberts, Shaffer, Harrington, Stern, Williams, Read, Housem, Drake, Wooster and McKee, all field officers, and many other commissioned officers of the right wing, who fell vindicating their flag, will never be forgotten by a grateful country. Complete lists of the killed and wounded will be furnished from each regiment. All of which is respectfully submitted. There will be a map of the field sent forward to-morrow. A. McD. McCOOK, Major General Volunteers, Commanding Right TWing. Major C. GODDARD, Chief of Staff, Tenth Army Corps.

Page  181 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 181 HEADQUARTERS RIGHT WING FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, In Camp near ilurfreesboro', Tennessee, January 11, 1863. MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the casualties in my command during the late engagements before Murfreesboro': Killed. Wounded. Missing. Aggregate. Commands. i _ 1st Brigade 1st Division. 22d Indiana volunteers -.. —-- ---- 7 5 34 ------ 18 5 59 59th Illinois volunteers. — -- ----- 7 -. —. 43 -—. 30' —- - 80 74th Illinois volunteers —----- 8 1 34 42 1 84 75th Illinois volunteers —-----,.-. 2 2 19 ---—. 59 2 80 5th Wisconsin battery. —-----.- 1 1 5 -. —. 6 1 12 Total —- - ----. ---- 25 9 135 ------ 155 9 315 2d Brigade 1st Division. 21st Illinois volunteers. ——. 2 55 7 180 -—. 59 9 294 15th Wisconsin volunteers —- 2 13 5 65 1 3 8 111 101st Ohio volunteers ---- 4 19 2 121 66 6 206 38th Illinois volunteers. -. —- 2 32 5 104.-. 34 7 170 2d Minnesota battery —----- 3 1 5 ------ 1 1 9 Total -...-. --—. 10 122 20 475 1 193 31 790. 3d Brigade 1st Division. 25th Illinois volunteers.. -—, 1 15 3 72 —. 5 4 92 35th Illinois volunteers. —---- 1 10 1 49 ------ 25 2 84 81st Indiana volunteers.... - 2 4 1 46 1 15 4 65 8th Wisconsin battery —-- ---- 1.. 4 ---- 1 1 5' C. B. cavalry. —-- ----.. —. ------.. ——.. —-. 2 ---—.., — -.. — 2 2d Kentucky cavalry, G -— 1 — 2 ---—. 6 1 8 Total --------- 6 29 5 175 1 52 12 256 Total 1st division —-- 16 176 31 785 2 400 52 1,361 1st Brigade 2d Division. General officers —----------- -.... — --- 1 - 1 ---- 15th Ohio volunteers 17 2 68 1 127 3 212 49th Ohio volunteers —------- 2 18 6 88 - - 108 8 214 32d Indiana volunteers —----- ----- 12 40 ------ 115. —-- 167 39th Indiana volunteers...... 1 30 2 116 2 229 5 375 89th Illinois volunteers —----- 1 9 1 45... 94 2 148 Battery A —-- ---------.. ----- 1.. 4.- 24. 29 Total. —---- - 4 87 11 361 4 697 19 1,145 2d Brigade 2d Division. General officers — - 1. —----- -. —--- - -- 34th Illinois volunteers. —---- 2 19 2 98 2 72 6 189 79th Illinois volunteers ---—. 1 23 3 68 3 121 7 212 29th Indiana volunteers 1 14 2 66 1 51 4 131 30th Indiana volunteers --- 1 30 2 108 2 70 5 208 77th Pennsylvania volunteers — 1 4 1 28 2 28 4 60 Battery E ---—. 10 ------ 5 2. —. 2 15 Total. —- ------ 6 100 11 373 12 342 29 815

Page  182 182 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Report of casualties.-Continued. Killed. Wounded. Missing. Aggregate. Commands. Q. O. o. 3d Brigade 2d Division. 1st Ohio volunteers' ----. 8 1 46... 81 1 135 93d Ohio volunteers....... 12 1 45 64 1 121 6th Indiana volunteers. ------------ 17 --- - 50 1 36 1 103 5th Kentucky volunteers -- 1 18 7 73 —--- 26 8 117 5th Indiana battery —-. ---- 3 1 18 ---—. 1 22 3d Indiana cavalry —--- - --- 4 ------ 6 ------ 15 25 Total —----- -- 1 62 10 238 2 223 12 523 Total 2d division —---- 11 249 32 972 17 1, 262 60 2, 483 1st Brigade 3d Division. General officers 1. 1 —. ——.- - 1 - - -. 2 36th Illinois volunteers. — - 1 45 3 144 6 13 10 202 88th Illinois volunteers —---- 1 13 2 48 - - 48 3 109 24th Wisconsin volunteers.-.- 1 19 1 55. 98 2 172 21st Michigan volunteers. —- 18 7 82... 36 7 136 4th Indiana battery —--------... 6 17 ----- 3 —. 26 Total -. —. ——. 4 101 14 346 6 198 24 645 2d Brigade 3d Division. General officers -1. ——.- ---- - - - --- - -- 1 ------ 2d Missouri volunteers-. 7 ------ 40 1 14 1 61 16th Missouri volunteers —---- 3 9 4 51. — 5 7 65 44th Illinois volunteers —----- 1 28 4 104 17 5 149 73d Illinois volunteers —---- 1 5 3 61 1 7 5 83 1st Missouri battery ----. 1 5 ------ 13 ----- 1 19 Total —------- -- 7 64 11 269 2 44 20 377 3d Brigade 3d Division. General officers --------- 1 ------ ------------ --- 1 -- 22d Illinois volunteers...... 2 5 109 2 54 7 184 27th Illinois volunteers-.... 1 8 2 67 -- 25 3 100 42d Illinois volunteers. -. -—. 1 18 - 96 1 45 2 159 51st Illinois volunteers --—. 1 6 4 37 ---—. 9 5 52 1st Illinois battery. -------------- 5 2 19 --- 25 2 49 Total. —-----—. —-- 4 58 13 328 3 158 20 544 Total 3d division. —-. 15 223 38 943 11 400 64 1,566 Grand total —-----—. 42 648 104 2, 700 30 2,062 176 5,410 The names of each, by regiment and company, will be forwarded as soon as can be obtained. Respectfully submitted. A. McD. McCOOK, Major General Commanding.

Page  183 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 183 General summary of casualties of right wing. Regiments. No. of killed No. of Total. wounded. FIRST DIVISION. 22d regiment Indiana volunteers --- -— 7 39 46 5th Wisconsin battery.-..1 —---------—. 1 7 8 15th Wisconsin volunteers -------—. —----- 15 72 87 74th Illinois volunteers -, ——. ----. 8 33 41 59th Illinois volunteers --------- ---— 7 43 50 35th Illinois volunteers —-- 11 53 64 25th Illinois volunteers -------------—..- 16 79 95 75th Illinois volunteers, —----—, 2 22 24 21st Illinois volunteers —- --- ---- - 47 198 245 2d Minnesota battery ----------------—. 2 5 7 81st Indiana volunteers ---- ---,- 6 48 54 101st Ohio volunteers. —--------—. —----- 18 125 143 8th Wisconsin battery,, —-------- 4 5 38th Illinois volunteers, —---------—, -- 34 110 144 Total. —. —----- --—... 175 813 1,013 SECOND DIVISION'. 49th Ohio volunteers,- -- ------— 16 96 112 15th Ohio volunteers.. —--------------- 17 96 113 93d Ohio volunteers. —----------.. —--- 12 41 53 1st Ohio volunteers ------------------- - 8 38 46 39th Indiana volunteers —------------ - 30 109 139 32d Indiana volunteers —------------------- 12 41 53 6th Indiana volunteers. ----- ----— 15 52 67 30th Indiana volunteers ----- -- 29 100 129 29th Indiana volunteers ----------- 4 22 26 89th Illinois volunteers ------ ------ ---—. 10 45 55 79th Illinois volunteers ----------—. —---- 19 80 99 34th Illinois volunteers..-.- -------- 18 100 118 5th Kentucky volunteers —-------------- 18 80 98 Battery A, 1st Ohio artillery --- -- 1 5 6 5th Indiana battery —---------------- 3 18 21 77th Tennessee volunteers -------------- 4 29 33 Total —.... —..-......-........ — 216 952 1,168 THIRD DIVISION. 36th Illinois volunteers -----—. —... —-. 45 159 204 88th Illinois volunteers. —---------------- 15 55 70 24th Wisconsin volunteers ---- -------—, 19 58 77 21st Michigan volunteers — --— 1 —------- 18 84 102 42d Illinois volunteers -------------------- 21 109 130 22d Illinois volunteers ----—.. —-------- 25 88 113 51st Illinois volunteers —----- --- -6 48 54 27th Illinois volunteers, —-. —- ----- --- 8 55 63 73d Illinois volunteers - ---------- 22 52 74 44th Illinois volunteers -------- 6 34 40 15th Missouri volunteers - ------------- 14 44 58 2d Missouri volunteers ---------— 2 22 24

Page  184 184 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. General summary of casualties of right wing-Continued. Regiments. No. of killed. No. of Total. wounded. 4th Indiana battery... —... —.. — - --—. 5 16 21 1st Missouri artillery, company G — --- 6 13 19 1st Illinois artillery, company C. —--- - 5 20 25 Total ---------—. 217 857 1.074 Aggregate-.................. 608 2,647 3,255 Respectfully forwarded. C. McDERMONT, Surgeon U. S. Volunteers, Medical Director of Right Wing. A. McD. McCooK, Major General Commanding. MEDICAL DIRECTOR'S OFFICE, RIGHT WING, Murfreesboro', January 14, 1863. SIR: I transmit, for the information of the commanding general, the accompanying report of the casualties that occurred in the right wing during the late battle of Murfrdesboro'. While the loss of so many brave men must be a source of profound sorrow to the general, it will afford him some satisfaction to know that the wounded were not neglected. Throughout the severe and protracted struggle our surgeons exerted their utmost energies in alleviating the sufferings and promoting the comfort of their unfortunate brethren, and succeeded as far as it was possible to do so with the means at their disposal. When, on the second day of the battle, it became evident that the territory occupied by our hospitals would fall in possession of the enemy, I directed a sufficient number of surgeons and attendants to remain in charge, and not to desert the wounded in any event. These gentlemen were exposed to much danger, as the contending armies swept past; but they remained faithfully at their posts, and were unceasing in their attentions to the wounded during the three days that elapsed before the recovery of this territory by our troops. The enemy took from them a large portion of their medical and hospital stores and instruments, and our men were compelled to seek for dressing materials, bedding, &c., among the families in the rear of the lines. Much kind assistance was received from citizens in the vicinity, and no violence was experienced at the hands of the confederate soldiers. It affords me much pleasure to bear testimony to the efficiency and self-denial of the medical officers of the right wing. During that long week of hardship and exposure they labored day and night, regardless of their own safety and comfort, and only anxious for the well-being of the wounded intrusted to their care. I have the honor to remain, your most obedient servant, C. McDERMONT, Surgeon United States Volunteers, Medical Director Right lWing, 14th Army Corps. Major CAMPBELL, Assistant Adjutant General, Right Wing, 14th Army Corps.

Page  185 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 185 General summary of killed and wounded at the battle of Stone river, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, from December 30, 1862, to January 3, 1863, of right wing, 14th army corps, department of the Cumberland. FIRST DIVISION, (John L. Teed, medical director.) Regiments. Killed. Wounded. Total. 38th Illinois volunteers.............. 34 110 144 22d Indiana volunteers................ 7 39 46 5th Wisconsin battery............... 1 7 8 15th Wisconsin volunteers..1........ 15 72 87 74th Illinois volunteers............ 8 33 41 59th Illinois volunteers.............. 7 43 50 35th Illinois volunteers.............. 11 53 64 25th Illinois volunteers............. 16 79 95 2d Minnesota battery................. 2 5 7 75th Illinois volunteers............. 2 22 24 81st Indiana volunteers............... 6 48 54 101st Ohio volunteers................ 18 125 143 21st Illinois volunteers, (not reported.) 8th Wisconsin battery.......... 1 4 5 Total......................... 128 640 768 SECOND DIVISION, (S. Marks, medical director.) Regiments. Killed. Wounded. Total. 34th Illinois volunteers............... 18 100 118 77th Pennsylvania volunteers........ 4 28 32 79th Illinois volunteers.............. 19 80 99 30th Indiana volunteers.............. 29 100 129 6th Indiana volunteers................ 15 52 67 1st Ohio volunteers................. 8 38 46 93d Ohio volunteers................. 12 41 53 5th Kentucky volunteers............ 1 80 98 32d Indiana volunteers................ 12 8 20 39th Indiana volunteers............... 30 109 139 15th Ohio volunteers................ 17 96 123 1st Ohio artillery, battery A.......... 1 5 6 89th Illinois volunteers............... 10 45 55 49th Ohio volunteers............... 16 96 112 5th Indiana battery................ 3 18 21 Total....................... 212 906 1, 118

Page  186 186 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. THIRD DIVISION, (D. J. Griffiths, medical director.) Regiments. Killed. Wounded. Total. 88th Illinois volunteers.............. 15 55 70 21st Michigan volunteers............. 18 84 102 36th Illinois volunteers............... 45 159 204 27th Illinois volunteers............... 9 35 44 24th Wisconsin volunteers............. 19 58 77 51st Illinois volunteers................ 6 48 54 22d Illinois volunteers................ 25 88 113 42d Illinois volunteers................ 21 109 130 44th Illinois volunteers............... 6 34 40 73d Illinois volunteers................ 22 52 74 2d Missouri volunteers................ 2 22 24 15th Missouri volunteers............. 14 44 58 Total........................ 202 788 990 NOTE.-This division reports no batteries. General summary of right wing, 14th army corps, department of the Cumberland, (C. McDermont, medical director.) Divisions. Killed. Wounded. Total. First division...................... 128 640 768 Second division...................... 212 906 1, 118 Third division...................... 202 788 990 Total........................ 542 2, 334 2, 876

Page  187 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 187 HEADQUARTERS 1ST DIVISION, RIGHT WING, 14th ARMY CORPS, January, 1863. MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the division under my command in the recent operations against the enemy's forces in the vicinity of Triune and Murfreesboro'. On the morning of the 26th ultimo, in compliance with instructions received from the general commanding the right wing, I broke up camp at St. James's chapel, on Mill creek, and advanced upon Nolensville, via the Edmondston pike, as far as Prim's blacksmith shop; from thence my advance was over a rugged country road, rendered almost impassable by the incessant rain which had been falling in torrents during the entire morning. The enemy's pickets were discovered by my cavalry escort, composed of company B, 36th Illinois volunteers, under command of Captain Shirer, within a few miles of our camp. This small force of cavalry being the only mounted force under my command, I ordered them to the front with instructions to drive in the enemy's pickets, and to attack him on his flanks at every opportunity. So effectually was this done that the infantry and artillery were enabled to move with little interruption to within a mile of Nolensville. By this time I had learned from reliable information, through citizens as well as cavalry scouts, that the enemy occupied the town in some force, both of cavalry and artillery. The first brigade, consisting of the 22d Indiana, 74th Illinois, 75th Illinois, and 59th Illinois regiments, and the 5th Wisconsin battery, commanded by Colonel P. Sidney Post, was immediately deployed for an advance upon the town. Pinney's 5th Wisconsin battery was posted so as to command the town and all approaches from the southwest. The enemy's cavalry was seen by this time taking position on a range of hills southwest of town, and was evidently attempting to flank our position. A few shells from Pinney's battery soon caused them to fall back. A battery, which by this time they had succeeded in getting into position, opened fire, but was, after a few rounds, silenced by Pinney's guns. The second brigade, consisting of the 21st Illinois, 38th Illinois, 15th Wisconsin, and 101st Ohio regiments, and the 2d Minnesota battery, commanded by Colonel Carlin, had by this time formed a line of battle on Post's right, and pnoving rapidly-forward, soon engaged the enemy's dismounted cavalry in a sharp skirmish. The third brigade, consisting of the 25th Illinois, 35th Illinois, 81st Indiana regiments, and the 8th Wisconsin battery, commanded by Colonel Woodruff, was deployed on the right so as to check any effort which might be made to attack my flank from this direction. Carlin advanced in excellent order, driving everything before him until ordered to halt, having dislodged the enemy from his position entirely. By this time 1 ascertained that the enemy would probably make another effort to resist our advance about two miles further on; and notwithstanding it was late in the afternoon, and the men were much fatigued from a hard day's march through rain and mud, I could not forego the opportunity thus offered in giving them another chance to signalize their courage and endurance. Ascertaining the enemy's exact position as well as I could, I ordered the advance. Their lines were soon discovered, occupying a range of high, rocky hills through which the Nolersville and Triune pike passes, known as "Knob's Gap." This was a favorable position to the enemy, and well guarded by artillery, which opened fire at long range upon Carlin's lines. Hotchkiss's and Pinney's batteries were rapidly brought into action and opened fire, while Carlin's brigade charged the battery, carried the heights in his front, and captured two (2) guns. Post's brigade carried the heights on the left of the road with but little resist

Page  188 188 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. ance, while Woodruff's brigade drove in the enemy's skirmishers on the extreme right. The day had now closed, and I ordered the troops to bivouac, in accordance with instructions from the general commanding, who arrived at this time upon the ground, followed by Generals Sheridan and Johnson's divisions. The steady courage and soldierly zeal displayed on this occasion by both officers and men gave ample assurances of what could be expected of them in the coming struggle at Murfreesboro'. On the 27th, in accordance with the general's instructions, the division took position at the junction of the Bole Jack road with the Nolensville pike, one mile from Triune, where it remained in bivouac until the morning of the 29th, at which time the advance was resumed. In compliance with instructions, I moved forward on the Bole Jack road as far as Stewart's creek, a few miles beyond which it was reported by our cavalry the enemy had shown himself in considerable force. The general commanding arriving at this time in person at the head of the column, ordered a halt until the divisions in rear could be brought up. Brigadier General Stanley, commanding the cavalry in advance, soon reported the road clear, and the march was resumed without obstruction until the entire command reached the Wilkinson pike, six miles from Murfreesboro'. The division bivouacked during the night at Overall's creek, three and a half miles from Murfreesboro', the left brigade resting on the Wilkinson pike. On the morning of the 30th the division moved forward and took position on General Sheridan's right, about three hundred yards south of and parallel to the Wilkinson pike, in which position it remained until two o'clock p. m. A few companies of skirmishers thrown to the front in a skirt of timbered land soon found those of the enemy, and for several hours a brisk skirmish was kept up with varying results. Aoout two o'clock p. m. the general commanding ordered a general advance of the whole line. This the enemy seemed at first disposed to resist only with his skirmishers; gradually, however, as both parties strengthened their lines of skirmishers, the contest became more animated. Our main lines steadily advanced, occupying and holding the ground gained by the skirmishers until about half an hour before sunset, when the enemy's position was plainly discerned, running diagonally across the old Murfreesboro' and Franklin road. The enemy's batteries now announced our close proximity to their lines. Carpenter's and Hotchkiss's batteries were soon brought into position and opened fire. Woodruff's and Carlin's brigades by this time felt the fire of the enemy's main lines, and responded in the most gallant manner. Post's brigade, moving steadily forward on the right, after a most obstinate resistance on the part of the enemy, succeeded in driving his skirmishers from a strong position in our front, forcing them to retire upon his main lines. Night soon brought a close to the contest. Receiving directions at this time from General McCook to desist from any further offensive demonstration further than what might be necessary to hold my position, I ordered the troops to rest for the night on their arms. Two brigades of General Johnson's division, heretofore held in reserve, arrived and took position on my right about sunset, thus extending our line of battle beyond the old Franklin and Murfreesboro' road. These brigades were commanded by Generals Willich and Kirk. The night passed off quietly until about-daylight, when the enemy's forces were observed by our pickets to be in motion. Their object could not, however, with certainty, be determined until near sunrise, when a vigorous attack was made upon Willich's and Kirk's brigades. These troops seemed not to have been fully prepared for the assault, and with little or no resistance retreated from their position, leaving their artillery in the hands of the enemy. This left my right brigade exposed to a flank movement, which the enemy was now rapidly

Page  189 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 189 executing, and compelled me to order Post's brigade to fall back and partially change its front. Simultaneous with this movement the enemy commenced a heavy and very determined attack on both Carlin's and Woodruff's brigades. These brigades were fully prepared for the attack, and received it with veteran courage. The conflict was fierce in the extreme on both sides. Our loss was heavy, and that of the enemy no less. It was, according to my observations, the best contested point of the day, and would have been held but for the overwhelming force moving so persistently against my right. Carlin, finding his right flank being so severely pressed and threatened with being turned, ordered his troops to retire. Woodruff's brigade succeeded in repulsing the enemy and holding its position until the withdrawal of the troops on both its flanks compelled it to retire. Pinney's battery, which I had posted in an open field upon my extreme right, and ordered to be supported by a part of Post's brigade, now opened a destructive fire upon the enemy's advancing lines. This gallant and distinguished battery, supported by the 22d Indiana and 59th Illinois regiments, together with a brigade of General Johnson's division commanded by Colonel Baldwin, 6th Indiana volunteers, for a short time brought the enemy to a check on our right. Hotchkiss's battery had also by this time taken an excellent position near the Wilkinson pike, so as to command the enemy's approach across a large cotton-field in his front, over which he was now advancing. The infantry, however, contrary to expectations, failed to support this battery, and after firing a few rounds was forced to retire. In accordance with instructions received during the night, announcing the plan of operations for the day, I desisted from any further attempts to engage the enemy, except by skirmishers thrown to the rear for that purpose, until my lines had reached within a few hundred yards of the Nashville and Murfreesboro' pike, when I'again determined to form my lines and resist his further advance. To this order but few of the regiments responded, their ranks being much thinned by killed and wounded; and not a few had availed themselves of the favorable opportunity offered by the dense woods through which we were compelled to pass to skulk like cowards from the ranks. The reserve forces here moved to the front and relieved my command from any further participation in the engagement until late in the afternoon, when, in compliance with instructions, I took position on the right. My skirmishers were immediately thrown out, and soon engaged the enemy's, until night brought a close to hostilities for the day. During the 1st and 2d of January the division occupied this position in skirmishing with the enemy's pickets until late in the afternoon of the 2d, when I received orders from General Rosecrans to hasten to the support of a part of General Crittenden's command, who had been for some time hotly engaged with the enemy across the river, on our extreme left. Moving as rapidly as possible across the river to the field of battle, I found our gallant troops forcing the enemy back on his reserves. The brigade of Colonel Woodruff being in the advance, only arrived in time to participate in the general engagement. After relieving the troops of General Palmer and Colonel Beatty, and particularly the brigade of Colonel Hazen, which had so nobly vindicated their courage in the then closing conflict, I ordered a heavy line of skirmishers to be thrown out. The enemy's lines were soon encountered, and a renewal of the engagement seemed imminent. A few rounds of grape and canister from one of our batteries, however, caused them to withdraw, and night again brought a cessation of hostilities. During the night I disposed of my troops in such manner as would best enable me to repel an attack, and, in compliance with instructions, I directed rifle

Page  190 190 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS, pits and breastworks to be thrown up. This was done, and morning found us well prepared for any emergency, either offensive or defensive. The following day (3d of January) considerable skirmishing was kept up, without abatement, from early in the morning until dark. During the night I received orders from General Crittenden to withdraw my command from the east bank of the river, and to report with it to General McCook. This movement was executed between the hours of one and four o'clock in the morning, during which time the rain fell incessantly. The pickets about this time reported the enemy as having been very active in their movements during the latter part of the night, and their convictions that he was evacuating his position. Further observations, made after daylight, found this to be the case. T'he following list of casualties shows a loss in the division during the several engagements above described, as follows: Commissioned officers.-Killed........................ 16 " " Wounded....................... 34 " " Missing........................ 2 Enlisted men.-Killed................................. 176 " Wounded........................... 784.i " Missing................................ 399 Total killed, wounded, and missing....................1,411 The division lost three pieces of artillery and captured two. In the list of officers killed are the names of Colonel Stern, 101st Ohio; Colonel Williams, 25th Illinois; Lieutenant Colonel Wooster, 101st Ohio; Lieuteriant Colonel McKee, 15th Wisconsin; Captain Carpenter, 8th Wisconsin battery, and Captain McCulloch, 2d Kentucky cavalry, of my staff, whose noble deeds of valor on the field had already placed their names on the list of brave men. The history of the war will record no brighter names, and the country will mourn the loss of no more devoted patriots than these. Among the wounded are Colonel Alexander, 21st Illinois; Lieutenant Colonel Tanner, 22d Indiana; Captain Pinney, 5th Wisconsin battery, and Captain Austin, acting assistant adjutant general, on the staff of Colonel Woodruff, whose names it affords me special gratification to mention. From the 26th of December until the close of the engagement on the 4th of January at Murfreesboro', no entire day elapsed that the division, or some part of it, did not engage the enemy. During a great part of the time the weather was excessively inclement, and the troops suffered much from exposure. A heavy list of casualties and much suffering were unavoidable under the circumstances. It affords me pleasure, however, to be able to report the cheerful and soldierlike manner in which these hardships and privations were endured by the troops throughout. History will record and the country reward their deeds. My staff, consisting of Lieutenant T. W. Morrison, acting assistant adjutant general; Captain H. Pease, inspector general; Captain McCulloch, aide-de-camp, (killed;) Lieutenant Frank E. Reynolds, aide-de-camp; Lieutenant Thomas H. Dailey, aide-de-camp; Surgeon J. L. Teed, medical director; Captain Shriver, ordnance officer; Lieutenant R. Plunket, provost marshal, and Private Frank Clark, clerk to assistant adjutant general and acting aide-de-camp, deported themselves throughout the entire campaign as well as on the battle-field with distinguished zeal and conspicuous gallantry. While expressing my high regard and appreciation of the general commanding, I desire also to tender my thanks to yourself, major, and to Colonel Langdon, Major Bates, Captains Thruston, Williams, and Fisher, of his staff, for the prompt and efficient manner in which the field duties were performed by them.

Page  191 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 191 During the several engagements in which the division participated, the conduct of many subaltern officers attracted my admiration by their conspicuous gallantry, and whose names I regret cannot be mentioned in this report; they will be remembered in future recommendations for promotion. I am, major, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JEFFERSON C. DAVIS, Brigadier General, Commanding Division. Major J. A. CAMPBELL, Assistant Adjutant General, Right Wing, 14th Army Corps. Report of killed and wounded at the battle of Stone river, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, fought December 30, 1862, to January 3, 1863.-Right wing, fourteenth army corps,first division, Dr. Jno. L. Teed, medical director. TWENTY-SECOND REGIMENT INDIANA VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Company E: Sergeant Patrick Maddin and Private S. W. Seap. Company G: Private Bernard Kelly. Company H: Privates John Summerville, Levi Baldwin, and John Clark. Company K: Private Conrad Corn. Wounded.-Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Tanner, prisoner. Company A' Corporal Thomas Blitton, thigh; Privates John Brooke, back; Thomas Myrick, arm; William Putts, slightly. Company B: Second Lieutenant W. H. Ireland, leg; Privates G. W. Boas, leg; Thomas Thompson, side and arm. Company C: Corporal William Seal, side; Privates Josephus Smith, leg and face; D. A. Whiteman, leg and face. Comlpany D: Privates George Morris, ankle; Alfred (ofman, ankle and hand. Company E: Privates Thomas Wilson, thigh broken; Wm. H. Davis, thumb; Levi Kelso, hand; W. H. Brott, hand; W. W. Thompson, foot and leg; Josiah W. Snider, shoulder. Company F: Second Lieutenant W. F. Riggs, thigh; Private R. W. Fugate, hand. Company G: Corporal George Ball, arm; Privates George Thomger, abdomen, mortally; Robert Pedegren, leg. Company H: Captain Wm. Powers, leg and ankle; Sergeant William Emood, ankle; Corporals Jasper Ross, foot; Albert Blose, elbow; Privates Levi W. Brant, breast; Wesley Ruthinford, heel; John Patrick, leg: W. Chappell, leg; Allen Falles, wrist. Company I: Corporal James Bell, ankle; Privates John Miller, arm; James F. Martin, shoulder. Company K: Captain R. M. Sitson, knee. FIFTH WISCONSIN BATTERY. Killed.-Private Cephas Adair. Vounded.-Sergeant Elijah Broth, thigh; Corporal Oscar F. Pinney, finger; Privates David S. Welty, thigh; I. C. Forbs, arm and head; Martin Campbell, arm and side; George Thomas, knee and leg; Michael Ward, side. FIFTEENTH REGIMENT WISCONSIN VOLUNTEERS. Killed.-Lieutenant Colonel David McKee. Company B: Corporals Peter 0. Sarsin and Torgrin M. Kelson. Company C: Privates Gunder Hawson, Maltiro Malpison, and Kund Finkleson. Company D: Privates Nils Nilson and Ole See. Company E: Captain John Ingimmosen. Company F: Privates Ole A. Kunsen, Kund Snisers, and John Flack. Company H: Corporal Andrew F. Fosse and Private Hans Gildhausen. Company K: Private John Martinsen. Wounded.-Company A: Privates Henry Elligsen and Ole Larsen. Com

Page  192 192 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. pany B: Sam. I. Olsen, arm, thigh, and leg; Albert A. Nelson, arm; A. Lyser ture; S. Anderson, left foot; Lewis Nelson, leg; Enoch A. Basnis, shoulder. Company C: Corporal Samuel Johnson, thigh; Privates Larentz Olsen, thigh; Burt Osmudkin, leg; Tobjom Hanshid; Ole Begisen, foot; Peter Jorgensen, knee; Jacob Jordhe, side; Rand Hansen, thigh. Company D: First Sergeant Iver Brant, shoulder; Privates Halse Absen and John Wartz, hand, Company E: Second Lieutenant J. A. Brown, leg; Sergeant Guirden Gundusen, finger; Corporal A. Johnson, neck and jaw; Privates Christopher Lee, leg; Asbjorm Sacariasen; Ole Mileshen; Jacob I. Lee; Iren Anderson, arm; Ole Syndboe, arm; Aaron Kulsoig, arm. Company F: Captain Charles Gashaneson, foot; First Lieutenant Thomas Simonson, thigh; Sergeants Johan Oberg, leg; Niles J. Gilbert, hip; Corporals Gilbert Paulson and Andw. Thomson; Privates Too Tackinson; Charles A. Unbeck, ankle; Elling Ellinksen; Albert Allen, hip; Forger Forgessen; Frend Bjngepen, hip; Ole T. Olsen, foot; Ole Chlinshasen, arm; Ole Wilson, leg. Company H: Captain George Wilson, thigh; Sergeants Ole Back, abdomen; Ormond Topepen, thigh; Corporals Hans Inglitriglsen, shoulder; Thomas Thomson, foot and thigh; Miles I. Gide, foot; Privates Lars O. Dokhen; Peter Petersen, thigh and shoulder; Thomas O. Laudwig, leg; Elling P. Simer, shoulder; Halsen Jorgensen, eye; Lorentz Nilsen, thigh; Kund Petersen; Nils Emerson; Kund Larsen; Charles E. Balstad; Gaber Hawser, shoulder; Martin Gorginser; Gabriel E. Lenmond, arm; Jonas Thompson, arm. Company K: Sergeant Kund R. Alsen, leg; Corporals Kund Annudsen, forearm; Moses Gimager, leg; Privates Andrew Gilbert, thigh; Ira Jacobsen, thigh; Ole W. Wingar, leg; J. K. Hundbye. SEVENTY-FOURTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Corporal William Ankhart. Company G: Corporal W. Barren, Private F. F. Fickmier. Company H: Sergeant H. S. Post and Private A. J. Butterfield. Company K: Sergeant R. R. Gaylord, Corporal M. C. Felenly, Private M. W. Bamler, and Captain's Servant Butler Ward. WVounded.-Company A: Sergeants James S. Cowan, W. F. Liffingnal, Corporal W. H. Hitchcock, Privates E. Parkhust, S. Riddle, and M. Mepler. Company B: Privates C. Flinn, C. M. Stevens, L. M. Kelly, and E. W. Parane. Company C: Sergeant B. A. Chaplain, Private W. A. Miller. Company D: Private D. C. Shermerhorn. Company F: Sergeant H. Hengle, Privates W. O. Prebles and R. LagrAnge. Company G: Privates E. Mutmiller, A. Westcrook, and G. Straker. Company H: Sergeant - Hurlbut, and Privates O. W. Brown, Z. Rice, M. Sturleen, S. Thayer, C. Hind. Company I: Corporal C. Hunt and Private S. Jerame. Company K: Corporals F. W. Shennett, I. B. Corkers, and Privates F. Caswell, John R. Vail, and A. Anderson. FIFTY-NINTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company C: Privates James H. Shuts and Henry Banmen. Company D: Sergeant John J. Rathen and Private Andrew J. Watts. Company F: Private Jacob A. Hanser. TVounded.-Company A: Privates Gaham Martin, George Glendon, Joseph Byron, and Thomas J. Hooper. Company B: Corporal Joseph K. Dennis and Private Wesley B. Adams. Company C: Privates Joel Hyatt, James Elidge, Jasper Huelchison, Manhac Pendam, George Kerr, John Cluley, Henry Dabbs, and Samuel J. Jacobs. Company D: Corporal John Eagan, and Privates Charles B. Hannason, Joseph Walter, Henry Deidtrick, Thomas Fabin, and Hutcheson McCauly. Company E: Corporal Chesley Allen, and Privates Nemiah C. Brann, William Bostwick, Frederic Oldendorth, Heman Smith, George Semen, and John Sl;ttt. Company F: Corporal Thomas J. Sluper

Page  193 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 193 and Privates Jacob Flint, John A. P. Kelley, James Slusser, and Levi A. Sharke. Company G: Sergeant Alfred C. Barber, and Corporal Reuben A. Cumings. Company H: Corporls George M. Sharke, Alexander C. Pepper, and Privates Jesse Adams, Patrick Reynolds, Ford White, and Albert B. Salta. Company I: Private Richard Ferden. Company K: Corporal Addis Downing, Privates Robert Drake, William Hyse, and Marcus S. Brue. THIRTY-FIFTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company B: Sergeant George Morrison, Privates William Mason, Moses Buchanan, L. D. Taylor, Peter Green, and Richard Fitzgerald. Company C: Privates David Maze and H. M. Scranton. Company E: Private J. B. Chambers. Company H: 1st Lieutenant H. McConnell and Corporal William McVicar. Company I: Private Isaac M. Nelson. Company K: Private Seward Powell. Wounded.-Sergeant Major Samuel W. Burch. Company A: Privates John Samby, William R. King, Ebenezer Westfall, and Patrick Roan. Company B: 1st Sergeant B. F. Smith, and Corporals J. D. Burrows and A. J. Davis. Company C: Corporals S. R. Whiteside and Charles Sharke, and Privates Jeremiah Payne, Perry A. Crocker, John Shules, James J. Filrick, and Zibidas Smith. Company D: Sergeant Sandusky Wright, Corporal Thomas O. Wiskins, and Privates Thomas C. Gorman, Ezra C. Price, Candy O'Donel, Charles E. Torrence, Clark Butler, Samuel Snider and Thadeus S. Coffin. Company F: Corporals William Delay and S. H. Green, and Privates G. W. Songer, Patrick McKinney, Thomas Young, and Charles Miller. Company G: Sergeant Samuel Morrison, Corporal Herman Swartz, and Privates Jacob Fanshire, William Wright, and William Forest. Company H: Sergeant James Cox, Corporal William Brown, and Privates William Goben, James McCallister, W. H. Nichols, Wesley Oglesby, John Simons, W. Brockman, Jesse Hosk, and James Rogers. Company I: Privates Charles Wynn and Charles W. Draper. Company K: 2d Lieutenant D. K. Kagaz, and Privates Jacob Musser, Isaac McCasson, M. F. Trapp, and Richard Holleman. TWENTY-FIFTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Colonel Thomas D. Williams; Sergeant Major John C. McCray. Company B: Corporal Daniel D. Dale and Private John Burley. Company D: Privates James E. Bowen and David D. Baird. Company E: Private James M. Simple. Company F: Corporal William Johns. Company G: Sergeant Merrill P. Rich and Private Jno. Gillen. Company I: Sergeant Jno. W. Moppin; Privates William Hank and J. H. Groover. Company K: Privates Lewis Bates and George Hindman. Wounded.-Company A: Sergeant Aaron Newlon, leg; Privates George Brady, knee; Michael Bickel, arm; Anderville Wall, forearm; Henry Barth, scalp; Cyrus Bellus, scalp; Amin Wrightwine, face; Thomas Agnew, arm; Jacob Garrard, chest. Company B: Captain Samuel D. Wall, forearm; Corporal S. M. Fairchilds, hip; Privates Heisler H. Ludington, shoulder; W. 1H. Ward, hand. Company C: Sergeants Archibald Logan, ankle; Isaiah Humrickhamer, leg; Albert Dolby, arm; Corporal Fidilia Hull, skull; Privates Joseph R. Morris, hip; James F. Ramey; David B. Smith, leg; Henry C. Millicam, hand; James Thompson, chest; Coleman Lyons, knee; Sylvester Niblock, leg; Joseph R. Walters, hand. Company D: Sergeant Arnold F. Addams, chest; Corporal Milvin L. Porter, thigh; Privates Joseph A. Duoss, leg; Jos. C. Collisen, leg; John C. Wilson; Wm. Mills, arm; John Galbreth, arm; J. E. P. Eberhart, thigh. Company E: Privates Martin Shaffer, thigh; William P. Walker. Company F: Sergeant John Campbell, abdomen; Ex. Doc. 2 13

Page  194 194 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS Corporals Philip Jones, face; David Patterson, thigh; Privates M. V. B. Allen, chest; William C. Ayers, abdomen; Edward W. Bishop, thigh; Daniel Harrington, scalp; Elam Page, arm; Jos. Guhl, leg; James Pibles, arm; Alfred Lyman, shoulder. Company G: Second Lieutenant Samuel Dickson, thigh; Privates - McIlheny, leg; R. W. Bryan, scalp; Eugene Ballard, hand; John D. Davis, scalp; John T. Fox, forearm; Thomas B. Hixoif, forearm; James Hayworth, arm; Robert Robinson, chest; Onlin Oberger, shoulder. Company H: First Lieutenant J. H. Hastings, chest; Sergeant Reuben L. Robinson, arm; Corporals James Walker, thigh; Charles Allison, thigh; Privates Samuel Bonfield, forearm and hand; G. P. McOnaid, forearm; W. H. Newcomb, leg; William F. Prose, abdomen; W. B. Lackville, leg; Joseph Vincent, leg. Company I: Sergeant Josiah Stateher, shoulder; Corporal G. W. Hawk, hip; Privates John Schlunaker, chest; Thomas Houston, shoulder; John Campbell, leg; Adam Killgore, shoulder. Company K: Sergeants James M. Tracy, abdomen; Harrison Goodspeed, hand; Privates John Clashill, leg; Christian Harter, leg; Thomas Johnson, thigh; Henry Mack, forearm; John Morgan, hip; Nicholas Coney, ankle. SECOND WICONSIN BATTERY. Killed.-Privates John O'Brien and John Flynn. lVounded.-Second Lieutenant W. H. Hardin, thigh; Privates E. A. Whitefield, hip; Charles Ford, forearm; E. G. Bloomfield, side; Charles Nozzle, shin. SEVENTY-FIFTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company K: Private Sidney Merriman. Company C: Private Washington Wood. Wounded.-Company A: Private Adniram I. Collins, hip. Company B: Sergeant Chancy B. Hubbard, neck. Company C: Privates George Fuller, arm; Hiram Brown, arm. Company E: Second Lieutenant James H. Blodgett, hip. Company F: Corporal Elisha T. Towrlittal, leg; Private Samuel Shore, chest. Company G: Corporal Edwin J. Lany, leg; Privates Addison Hickert, hand; John C. Kaiser, back. Company 11: Private Jos. Hanprick, back. Company I: Captain Robert Hale, leg; Privates William Hampton, arm; James Kollins, leg; Augustus Quade, neck; Osland Orcutt, slightly. Company K: First Sergeant Burkley Barrett, hand; Sergeant Jonathan Hyde, leg; Corporal Walter Simons, leg; Privates James Morehead, hip; John Ninger, hand; Fletcher Vickey, leg. THIRTY-EIGHTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Privates Jacob, S. Killinger, Reuben H. Lightfoot, T. O. McCasland, John McPherson, F. Galmer, Thomas Stofford, and Algernon Hood. Company B: Privates Frederick A. Hollis and Henry Smith. Company C: Privates Theodore Williams and Philip Donns. Company D: Privates Alfred A. King, Nicholas Malone, Jos. S. Allen, Abr. Plunket, John B. Chapman, Albert Bradbury, and C. C. Warran. Company E: First Lieutenant John S. Dillon, Corporals Casswell Haddock and David Sawyer, and Private Cooper C. Mayhew. Company F: Captain James P. Mead, and Corporals Booth B. Patton, Nathan E. Baker, David I. Davidson, Thomas Dal-. ton, Thomas Stout, James Wilkins, and Joel D. Wells. Company G: Corporal James Franks and Private J. H. Davis. Company I: Private Moses F Adamson and Henry Gorman. TVounded.-Company A: Captain Henry L. Alden, shoulder; First Sergeant C. H. lgleston, hand; Corporals John Mott, side; Newton C. Jones; Privates

Page  195 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 195 Patrick Tobin, hand; William Henny; Nicholas Kohls, shoulder; Thomas C. Caney, shoulder; Edward Carrigan, leg; Patrick Chance, arm; David Plair, arm; Joseph Cary, arm; James Looch, arm; Joseph Ray, knee; Thomas Sheban; W. C. Paffinbuger; John Kentgler; William Rashnor; Michael Kail; Jos. Smith; William Wilch, left arm. Company B: Privates H. G. Henry, right hand; David J. FHughes, chest; Jos. Thompson, chest; Jefferson H. Turner, back; David Martin; John A. Johnson, left leg. Company C: Sergeant Samuel Campbell, left leg; Corporals James Carpenter, knee; Ben. F. Carpenter, hand; Privates Christopher Carrol, knee joint; Dan. Clair, chest; Thomas Glening; Patrick Jackson; Michael Kennedy. Company D: Privates John Maran, thigh; William Plunket; Robert B. Moss; Simeon Bridnell; William Boyd; Ezra Hickox; Jesse Pearson; Jos. H. Mullen; Benjamin F. Bromfield; James P. Moore. Company E: Privates Peter Ander, right arm; P. Argath, left knee; James Dicken, both knees; Timothy Hipen, thigh; F. A. Bishop; Isaac McGoren; Ansel Pearce; John Detuck; Joseph Floyd; Z. Strait; R. S. Starkweather. Company F: Second Lieutenant Samuel K. Wistcott, face and neck; Firs} Sergeant Francis U. Jeffries, thigh; Sergeant Robert McFarland; Corporals Thomas Conebaugh, mouth; Reuben Lawrence; Isaac Fleming, knee and arm; Privates William Shutts, hip; John Lamb, thigh; Alexander Stevens, hand; Henry Taylor; John W. Chambers; John W. Lowrine; James B. Stenner; Johan Ham; John A. Hayne; Geo. H. Seylmer; Frank Richmond; James Stund; Albert S. Wilcox. Company G: First Lieutenant W. F. Chapman, right arm; Sergeants A. McIntire and E. Hines; Corporals B. M. Hayden and J. D. Hazzard; Privates Jacob Wideman; Samuel Knols; J. Whiteman, leg; J. Conrad, leg; J. Ebersault; Conrad Hinehaisdt, leg; G. W. Norman;. W. H. Reynolds; J. Wal. Company H: First Lieutenant A. E. Goble, knee; Privates G. W. Dimbar, hand; T. H. White; J. W. Trabes; II. Kilburn; John Ashen; Daniel Roberts. Company I: Sergeant J. A. Petteguin; Corporals Wright Bunton; J. S. Stone; Privates John A. Kelsey, shoulder; Charles Pickford, knee joint; Alfred McKibben, leg; William Batson; George Harper; I. I. Lambert; Dudley McKibben. Company K: Peter A. Scoot, right leg, since died; Andrew Burnside, hand; John McDonnell; John W. Lee; Abey Hawkins. EIGHTY-FIRST INDIANA REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Corporal Hiram Spencer. Company B: First Sergeant William D. Morgan, and Corporal Albin Prather. Company C: Private Christian McNaman. Company H: Sergeant A. G. Mansfield. Company K: Second Lieutenant Samuel Wild. Wounded.-Company A: Corporal Wilfred Shirley, shoulder; Private Adam M. Edleman, chest. Company B: Sergeant Peter H. Bohart, hand; Privates Henry Kemple, face; James Seeler, face; Francis M. Dailey, arm; James N. Norris, hand; George McCarty, forearm. Company C: Sergeant W. E. Abbott, leg; Corporal James R. Fox, arm; Privates Thomas J. Stephens, chest; Walter Walter, face. Company D: Sergeant Felix J. Monroe, leg; Privates Geo. N. Johnson, thigh; P. Monroe, ankle; William Hughes, chest; Parker M. Truelock, chest; Riley S. Adams, wrist. CompanyE: Sergeant Ellison Howell, shoulder; Corporal John Newton, forearm; Privates Thomas McCarty, leg; William Blake, hip; Ruther Miller, leg. Company F: Sergeant Wesley Johnson, thigh; Musician Elza Denny, hand; Privates Samuel Weaver, leg; Osborn T. Landon, arm; Henry R. Green, hand; Aaron Hockman, ankle; Thomas Talbot. Company G: Privates John Patrick, thigh; Daniel Hadney, foot: W. Lanman, knee; Alvin H. Gregg, leg. Company H: Sergeant Jos. Cole, abdomen; Corporals William Wood, thigh; Henry Guerdon, leg; Private John Francis,.leg. Company I: Captain W. D. Everett, scalp; Privates John Carmey, os calcis; Charles Green, thigh; Henry B. Abbott, thigh; Andrew

Page  196 196 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Nichols, hip; Martin Buttorf, leg. Company K: Sergeants Oliver P. Anderson, foot; Levi Riddle, thigh; Corporal J. J. Mulsselder, foot; Private James A. Butt, skull. ONE HUNDRED AND FIRST OHIO REGIMENT. Colonel Leander Stern, wounded in the spine. Lieutenant Colonel M. F. Wooster, wounded in both legs. Killed.-Company A: Private Edward Kennyan. Company C: Second Lieutenant J. B. Biddle, Privates John J. Morn and Henry Kile. Company E: Sergeant Peter Snyder, Privates Isaac Farnsworth and Adam Shearer. Company F: Privates John Keer, David Miller, John Scott, Aaron C. Shively, and Garret Taylor. Company G: Privates Curtiss B. Mulnix and Andrew Mickle. Company K: Corporals G. W. Hewlitt and D. R. Newhouse, Privates Moses Parkhurst and Sylvester Bealby. TVounded.-Company A: First Lieutenant A. R. Hillyer, both legs; Sergeant Andrew J. Tackson, thigh; Privates G. W. Gettinger, both legs; Chester Carr, thigh; Miles Cartwright, hand; Thomas Enoe, side; Sidney Hoff, leg; Cyrus B Prosser, side; John Smith, jr., hand; John Stimpson, forearm; S. O. K. Perry, forearm; Enoch Wilbur, arm; John Williams, right hand; and George P. Rady, left arm. Company B: Sergeant Simon Huntingdon, leg; Privates Charles B. Dennis, hip; Albert Thineman, ankle; Jacob Jury, thigh; H. J. Bly, shoulder; 0. A. Rice, thigh; and J. T. Marshall, thigh. Company C: Sergeants John P. Beach, thigh; and John A. Roberts, leg; Corporal Martin Yummell, arm; Privates Gilbert Newell, thigh; Samuel Shoup, thigh; John Wolf, leg; William George, side; Henry Reperberger, breast; William Keller thigh; Jacob Omevey, head; David Fortney, face; Newlen Taylor, leg; James Holsaple, leg; Fred. Wingert, leg; William Kinney, leg. Company D: Captain E. T. Marsh, shoulder; Sergeants L. 0. Rowland, both legs; E. M. Hume, left leg; Charles Penfield, breast; and George N. Mead, arm; Privates H. W. Townsend, nose; J. E. Terry, cheek; Charles Beedster, forehead; W. C. Wicks, hand; Charles B. Rose, leg; Job Peterson, leg; George Lower, leg; Charles Scott, head; George Lawrence, breast, mortal; Charles Pickery, leg; and L. L. Lerry, leg. Company E: Second Lieutenant R. D. Lord, thigh; Corporal W. P. Wordin, thigh; Privates William Currie, thigh; William Doly, both legs; James Harvey, groin; John Hawley, left thigh; J. K. Kirkland, hand; S. Lewis Lowrie, groin; Henry W. Smith, hand; William Reynolds, arm; Wallace Stately, hand and thigh; and Isaac Williams, head. Company G: Lieutenant J. P. Fleming, arm; Sergeants John S. Millman, leg and hand; and A. B. C. Denman, foot; Corporal John White, groin; Privates Andrew Bradley, leg; C. D. Morehouse, shoulder; E. Andrews, side; Malichi Humphrey, head; John Howey, arm; Horace Romsdall, hip; George Hewitt, leg; Elisha Smith, head; Peter Griner, hip and privates; and Lyman Russell, leg. Company H: Sergeant D. W. Hade, leg; Corporal S. Grivesheat, left foot; Privates John Thompson, shoulder; Edward Carrigan, thigh; D. B. Andrews, arm; Jacob L. Yeager, thigh; Charles W. Bell, left shoulder; B. F. Bell, left shoulder; Jacob T. Nomman, leg; Peter Schellung, leg and right arm; Jacob Bessey, right leg; Henry Koller, hip; James B. Fox, leg; James S. Ames, hip; and James H. Stewart, hip. Company I: Corporals S. F. Arnt, testicles; Jack Sheats, left leg; and Joseph Vanest, hip; Privates Jacob Beardley, ankle, died since; J. A. Killinger, thigh; R. McMeen, shoulder and hand; A. Decit, leg; Mathias Heng, forearm; John Fravor, leg fractured; Fred. Myers, thigh and hip; Thomas Kaup, contused leg; Philip Jordan, leg; William More, shoulder; John Doughley, knee; and G. W. Gittinser, hip. Company K: Sergeant L. Shayer, wrist; Corporals G. W. Winked, left arm; and Joseph Powell, wrist; Privates Mark Howlton, leg; John Shinser, arm; Geo. Kemper,

Page  197 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 197 thigh; Jerry Nicklas, hand; Solomon Saum, thigh; John Mohler, foot; John Dickens, breast; John Hoover, knee; Hiram Bealby, hip; Cyrus G. Norton, shoulder; and Clark Dayt, hip. EIGHTH WISCONSIN BATTERY. Killed.-Captain Stephen J. Carpenter. W'ounded.-Privates Joseph H. Worby, left thigh; William A. Bowers, back; Peter Murkley, right shoulder; Thomas Gannt, arm fractured. TWENTY-FIRST ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Second Lieutenant Joseph C. Avoid, First Sergeant Robert Dimes, Corporal Alexander Bucher, Privates Jacob Canniff, W. H. Higgins, Elijah Smith, Hugh Bacon, Oliver Woolman, Charles Peters, John Ruby, and John F. Wise. Company B: Privates Thomas J. Ashmore, William Russell, John H. Bedford, John H. Ashman, and William Ferguson. Company C: Second Lieutenant Emanuel Weigle, Privates Isaac Grooms, Alumbia Phillips, and James Rathburn. Company D: Privates Ira W. Noel and James Byers. Company E: First Sergeant Joel B. Wright and Private Gotliff Heller. Company F: Privates Leroy Blace, J. A. Conghanower, Elliot A. Goodnough, William Lewis, James F. Carter, Richard Hamilton, Aaron Laus, and H. M. Smith. Company G: Corporal William Nash and Private MIcInary. Company H: Private S. C. Comstock. Company I: Corporal Alfred Harrison, Privates H. B. Longnecker, Hiram Philips, John W. Martin, Henry Hardy, Allen M. Patton, James G. Gillmore, Joseph W. Maxwell, and William H. Dean. Company K: Corporal E. A. Richardson, Privates R. F. Richardson, and Martin Mitchell. /Vounded.-Colonel J. W. S. Alexander, right foot; Adjutant C. B. Steele, right side bruised. Company A: Corporals Joseph Wagoner, side, severely; and Rudolph Zorger, shoulder, severely; Privates David Crawford, left thigh; Jonathan Bell, left thigh; S. D. Morgan, right hand; Z. B. Wills, right hand; John Leigh, left ankle, amputated, died January 7; William A. Steward, foot, slightly; Alexander Hogan, hand, slightly. Company B: Sergeants S. P. Payne, cheek; and S. F. Williams, thigh, severely; Corporal James Sell, thigh, severely; Privates Aaron Elliot; William W. Buchanan, foot; Allen Gorden, thigh; Wesley Hoge, hip, severely; Marion Landaon, arm, amputated, died since; John Maynard, thigh, severely; Thomas T. Robinson, arm, severely; Columbus Hlalbrook, shoulder, severely; Henry Horton, wrist, slightly; and John Amkler, shoulder. Company C: Sergeant B. F. Stark, neck, severely; Corporals L. W. B. Lowry, mortally, died; William F. Dawson, finger, slightly; Privates D. Argo, leg, severely; Patrick Britt, left lung; Isaac Graham, leg, severely; John McLaughlin, leg, severely; Joseph Phillips, leg, severely; Andrew Eden, chest, severely; Reuben Learamary, chest, severely; Aaron More, ankle, severely; Allen J. Newport, breast; Wiley M. Leslie, mortally, died; John Garver, leg, severely; William Hamline, hand, slightly; Michael Moynabon, hip, slightly; Abraham Marshall, hand, slightly; and Henry Rogers, back, slightly. Company D: Lieutenant J. S. Taylor, left ankle; First Sergeant C. A. Lingkendale, head, slightly; Privates John C. Achemon, thigh, fractured; Edward Coffin, hip, severely; N. B. Modesett, right lung; J. S. Cross, slightly; George W. Earle, hip, slightly; C. Montgomery, abdomen, mortally; James Osborne, right lung; J. W. Riley, shoulder, slightly; Lewis P. Bunting, abdomen, mortally; James A. Aden, lung, severely; James Gillogly, thigh, fractured; Jacob Goode, wounded and missing; W. S. Bromelton, neck, severely; James Badgley, leg, severely; William Hazlett, leg, severely; John Daniels, leg, severely; Samuel H. Ford, leg, severely; William Grace, le g

Page  198 198 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. slightly; A. Hagerman, thigh, severely; James Humback, breast, severely; John Maddox; James Neal; Henry R. Potts, hip, severely; James G. Russell, arm, slightly; Levi Roinin, shoulder, severely; Henry Stroop, thigh, severely; William Smallwood, hip and legs; H. Warner, left arm; and D. Haws, jaw. Company E: Sergeant William Bunkson, neck, slightly; Corporals G. F. Greene, thigh, severely; Samuel Boggs, finger, slightly; Privates J. J. Adams, neck, slightly; John A. Abbot; Israel J. Aiken; Andrew M. Brown, thigh, severely; G. W. Bone, thigh, severely; G. W. Baker, foot, severely; Alexander Freeland, foot, severely; Simeon Greeg, arm, slightly; George R. Jenkins, jaw, slightly; W. B. Kennedy, arm, slightly; Louis Kennedy, jaw, slightly; Joel M. Lansdon, leg; Joseph A. Lansdon, head; John B. Ruse, head, slightly; John Buck, abdomen, slightly; Andrew Lynn, thigh, slightly; James H. Black, thigh; Robert Bean, thigh; Robert S. Crowder, severely; Samuel Kennedy, severely; Thomas A. Lanaden, leg, severely; Thomas A. Strayhoun, thigh, amputated; and Andrew Wilson, hand, slightly. Company F: First Sergeant John M. Bell, hip, slightly; Sergeants John Hunter, arm, fractured; Corporals J. F. Everett, hip severely; J. M. Shuts, chest; and Alexander Campbell, hip, slightly; Privates Daniel Carlel, hip, severely; John M. King, face, slightly; James Ingle, leg, severely; Elias Pittijohn, head, severely; Joseph Robertson, arm; Stephen D. Jones, leg, slightly; and James Willis, linger, slightly. Company G: Sergeant C. S. Burrows, knee, severely; Corporal J. D. Whitaker, leg, severely; Privates C. Leatherman, hand, slightly; M. Fanning, leg, slightly; J. A. Flemming, shoulder, severely; S. A. King, thigh, severely; R. R. Buntney, thigh; Joseph Read, neck, severely; Samuel Shultz, neck, severely; G. W. Hamilton, chest, severely; and D. S. Shultz, hand, slightly. Company H: Corporals William Harlan, shoulder and back; and Joseph H. Pitman; Privates George Parke, chest, mortal, dead; Stephen D. Framan, abdomen, mortal, dead; James H. Baker, thigh, slightly; Henry Donaldson, thigh, severely; Noah Homaday, fo)t, severely; John N. Harduck, thigh, severely; James H. King, leg, severely; Samuel Poorman, arm, severely; William F. Sandy, leg; Martin Wilson, leg, slightly; David B. Miller, leg, slightly; James H. Baker, thigh, slightly; Thomas P. Bennett, thigh, slightly; Henry Haller, leg, slightly; Samuel J. Jones, thigh, severely; Thomas Kendall, arm, slightly; John Phillips, thigh, amputated, died; Joshua Ross, chest, severely; Henry Schofer, chest, severely; William Price, arm, slightly; and Abraham Whitehead, leg, slightly. Company I: Captain Christian K. Knight, thigh, severely; Lieutenant Charles Howe, side, severely; Corporals Archibald Maxwell, thigh, severely; G. W. Bean, head, severely; and Samuel W. Cammons, arm, severely; Privates John G. Brown, groin, severely; James F. Carges, head, severely; Joseph Burr, leg, severely; G. W. Bean, head, slightly; William Carver, thigh; Solomon Jones, back, mortal, died; E. P. Fitch, arm, slightly; Isaac Foster, leg, slightly; Harvey R. King, arm, slightly; Jacob Sangston, face, severely; Alonzo W. Passons, leg, severely; Leander Padgett, ankle, severely; James M. Shaw, arm and chest; William Spilkey, leg, severely; Hiram Wood, knee, severely; Philip Dorsett, foot; John F. Dean, hand, slightly; Thomas Burr, thigh, slightly; John Hipple, leg, slightly; and John Muskunmut, leg, slightly. Company K: First Sergeant W. M. Abrahams, thigh, fractured; Sergeants Isaac M. Slup, leg, slightly; and William F. Payne, leg, bruised; Corporals James Nokes, head, slightly; and Thomas Alexander, thigh, severely; Privates John C. Bridges, arm and side, severely; T. Dodd, head, severely; John Davis, arm, slightly; Arch. Ford, thigh, severely; William Garnett, thigh, severely; D. Gardner, arm, slightly; M. Haley, abdomen and arm; William R. Hant, back, slightly; John W. Lee, leg, severely; Oliver P. Payne, hand and thigh; George H. Payne, arm and side; Thomas J. Rush, leg, slightly; Thomas Rich, hand, slightly; Charles F. Stair, leg, slightly; Thomas Forhey, thigh, severely; Jacob Weaver, hip, severely; Thomas Wills,

Page  199 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 199 thigh, severely; Lomas E. Vining, thigh, slightly; John Sites, shoulder, severely; John H. Hays, foot, severely; Harvay Shook, hand, severely; G. W. Short, foot, severely; and Albert A. Worthey, leg, slightly. FORTY-NINTH OHIO REGIMENT. Killed.-Lieutenant Colonel L. Drake. Captain Amos Keller. Company C: Sergeant William Myers, Corporal Joseph Slough, and Privates Joseph Porter, E. P. Holten and Daniel Meysner. Company E: Private J. W. Ferris. Company F: Corporal Isaac Ferry and Private J. N. Anderson. Company G: Sergeant Joseph Busrom and Private R. Kummel. Company I: Private William Lyle and Austin Hammel. Company K: Privates Charles Brhetten and Henry Megsel, neck. Wounded.-Major - Porter; Captain G. H. Calves, shoulder; Lieutenants Milton Conzill, thigh; A. H. Celler, shoulder; Ray, leg; and Lottas, ankle; Adjutant J. C. Norton, leg; Sergeants S. C. Miller; S. B. Stewart, elbow; and F. Warner, thigh; Corporals J. C. Ley, thigh; W. C. Blackmead, thigh; Nathan Roberts; C. B. Morgan; William Hindman, shoulder; and J. Ferry, shoulder; and Privates S. A. Darborough, hand; G. W. Mulholland, hand; Dana Craims; Adam Brets; George Benham, right lung; Martin Butler, hand; Samuel Solsby, head; David Grisles, head; J. Wannotler, ankle; Samuel Clerc, thigh; C. H. Buder, leg; John C. Kample. knee; George A5. Weelholle, leg; Eli Warner, hip; J. G. Shuts, leg; William Burlee, thigh; Albert Dodge, thigh; L. S. Bertes, heel; William Harberger, hip-joint; Levi Henry; William Lisle, thigh; Peter Liffer, right lung; H. L. Bud, hip; A. C. Pagler, leg; William Inregoom, arm, severely; John Lawrence, hip; D. W. Smith; J. Sileso; M. J. Lutz, right side; John D. Meyer, knee; John Caldwell; W. S. Varner, thigh; W. Himrman, hand; Thomas Berit, lungs; J. Lorslin; thigh; Albert Doze, thigh; Amon Sohle; Eli Warner; A. Bicker, leg; Austin Eller; Oliver Jacobs, foot; Lorenzo Emminger, foot; Robert Colwell; Henry Burnell, arm; R. J. Smith, shoulder; R. King, hand; William HI. Muznon; F. S. Roberts, elbow and hand; John Lawrence, foot; A. C. Pazilion; J. N. McConnell, thigh; C. W. Everett, thigh; Elis Hole, thigh, severely; J. R. Bossler, leg; J. C. Clarlsett, thigh; R. Camey, ankle-joint; C. Benin, leg; Cylus Bland, thigh; Samuel Cove; J. P. Kedger; C. H. Barder, leg; C. J. Keller; B. C. Shins, hand; Simon Miller, hand, severely; G. H. Coast; J. A. Kinpple; J. M. Cartwright, leg, severely; H. S. Reed, hand; William Hapenberger, shoulder; Peter Lefler, elbow; Thomas Barker, arm, slightly; W. A. Barshing; J. E. Harston, hand; J. S. Carber, foot; John Foley; F. W. Bendier, shoulder; Warren White, back; David Frank, and Thomas Barshong EIGHTY-NINTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company E: Private James Nichols. Company F: Privates Moses Beaver and E. Tonlin. Company G: Dewitt C. Landon, George W. Murray, and David H. Bestor. Company H: Captain Henry L. Willet, Corporal W. IH. Litsey, and Private Henry Huggins. Company I: Private W. Holdeen. Wounded.-Adjutant Edward F. Bishop, face. Company A: Sergeant John H. More; Musician Justus D. Payne, thigh, severely; and Privates James J. Eagan; Franklin H. Miller, foot; Louis Saunders. Company C: Corporal HI. H. Warner, thigh, severely. Company D): Privates Mader Olenin; Frank Gangin sholder; Ralph Pardy,,leg; Eli M-orris, hip; Alonzo Anderson. Company E: Privates Patrick McGrath; James Wilderick; Hiram IH. Prain;

Page  200 200 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS James T. Copp; J. S. Priscote; Ira Bridgeport, thigh; Henry Felsh, thigh; Joseph Goyer, shoulder. Company G: Musician William Ferman; and Privates John Herlick; David Kerr, face; Herman Rosenlief, thigh; Wilfred Whitney; Robert Wilson, slightly; ). E. Shrouse; and C. V. Bainbridge. Company H: Orton H. Barnes; James Snowball; Ole H. Johnson; F. W. Goddard; Thomas N. Modly, leg, severely; and William J. Cooper, leg, slightly. Company I: Musician A. W. Parker; and Privates A. Bigley; Joseph Gutherie, ankle; J. J. Lloyd; Charles Nelson; and Henry Shicter, hip, severely. Company K: M. Schebinger; Frank Driesel, leg; John P. Adams; Frederick L. Phillips; leg, slightly; John Reed, leg, slightly. FIFTEENTH OHIO REGIMENT. Killed.-Company B: Privates Absolem Sime and Levi Frost. Company C: Private John Massman. Company E: Private George Hutchinson. Company F: Corporal William Caffay; Privates John Craig, John Hescht, W. Bell, J. R. Bark, E. Brown, A. Ralston, and W. Nelson. Company H: Private Elias Evans. Company I: Privates Lucus Brown, John M. Charly, William Whitney, and Samuel Cotes. TWVounded.-Lieutenant Colonel Asken, thigh and side; Major McClenahan, shoulder. Company A: Privates W. T. Kenney, left leg; J. S. Brown, neck; J. Hammond, thigh, severely; James W. White, forearm, slightly; J. Krissinger, left shoulder; and J. D. Patterson, back, slightly. Company B: Corporals M. Cune, thigh, severely; J, Blachr, thigh, severely; and -- Niles, leg, severely; Privates A. Milner, right leg, severely; J. Adams, knee, slightly; Thomas Evans, leg, severely; J. A. Penrose, leg, severely; A. Ross, right leg; A. Williams, leg, severely; A. Allison, leg, severely; W. Silders, left leg; W. Calvert, shoulder; B. Chance, forearm, slightly; John Frazer, right hand; and J. Adamson, leg. Company C: Privates Theo. Jolly, left arm and chest; A. Harding, thigh, mortally; M. S. Byrd, left thigh; D. Buggs, hip; Albert Noe, right hip; and D. Cartwright, head, slightly. Company B: Privates G. M. Chambers, hip aud leg; E. Shambriege, left hand; W. A. Ward, face, slightly; C. Factor, knee, slightly; D. Somford, thigh, slightly; and J. P. Moulton, right ear. Company D: Privates John Hehn, left shoulder, slightly; John Hesser, left leg; A. E. Miller, forearm, and H. Shriver, thigh. Company E: Privates J. E. Diesert, thigh; Calvin Etzel, shoulder; P. Shackelford, arm and leg, severely; J. E Stewart, forearm; George Billop, thigh, slightly; John Dantford, abdomen; W. G. Malin, thigh; J. Gardner, shoulder and neck; H. Brooks, leg, slightly; J. Fenton, foot, slightly; J. Picheing, foot, slightly; J. Dillon, shoulder, slightly; C. Henderson, hand, slightly, and L. Hillies, thigh. Company F: Privates L. Fowler, both legs; M. Madden, shoulder, severely; J. Bowles, nose; C. Brandon, thigh; A. Gurlock, hip, slightly, and J. M. Hays, hand. Company C: Privates William H. Patterson, foot; J. Taylor, mouth, severely; Jacob Egerly, thorax; George Maycook, hand, slightly; P. C. Hayflick, arm; and C. V. Cracraft, face. Company G: Privates S. A. Walker, head; J. C. MeCowley, neck, slightly; and W. Whip, thigh. Company H: Captain - Douglass, side, severely; Privates William Angervim, head, slightly; Willlam Crales, thigh, severely; James Updegrove, shoulder, slightly; C. Miller, leg; W. H. Pier, shoulder, severely; David Cappin, forearm, slightly; P. Beamer, leg; William Crone, forearm; Elias Ternboz, forearm; and H. H. Nice, leg. Company I: Privates William M. Connel, ankle, severely; James Iniasger, shoulder; Lewis Goshome, leg, slightly; George Stull, shoulder; W. M. Connell, ankle; W. J. White, forearm; W. Morton, neck; Joseph Sheely, side

Page  201 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 201 and A. J. Simons, cheek. Company K: Privates J. J. Renard, leg, severely; P. Russle, leg; F. Sanders, thigh, severely; F. Fawcett, hand, slightly; L. B Grimes, shoulder, slightly; and J. Thompson, hand. BATTERY A.-FIRST REGIMENT OHIO ARTILLERY. Killed.-Private Conrad Least. Wounded.-Sergeant Richard H. Rodgers, knee; Privates S. B. Cuthbert, kg; D. A. Bishop, leg; John C. Whitney, head, slightly; and V. B. Stanford, forearm. THIRTY-NINTH INDIANA REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Sergeant Alex. Jamison; Corporal Abraham Hie; Privates H. C. Barker, A. Crane, Leander Free, Lafayette Ferguson, William W. Jones, Charles Kelly, William Banner, Benj. Contions, G. W. Plotner, and Peter Wright. Company ID: Private Jeremiah Houthy. Company E: Privates Henry Hering and John Donahey. Company F: Sergeant S. F. Fobes; Privates S. F. Cox, A. J. McClintock, B. F. Davis, J. W. Overman, and Allen Walton. Company G: Privates Henry Somers and H. J. Pierce. Company I: Sergeant J. Benham; Privates J. Amkenbough, J. H. Cozart, O. P. Lewis, A. Murphy, M. S. Householder, and J. J. Householder. IVounded.-Company A: Sergeants Robert Schelling and Samuel C. Jones; Corporal D. W. Rowe; Privates H. W. Jones, A. Harold, Arnold Davis, J. F. Beriss, J. S. Hawkins, W. F. Galriel, Ralph Jones, I). W. Jones, J. W. Larkins, John Marlin, W. V. Powell, 0. P. Swain, and George Taylor, thigh. Company C,: Privates H. McClennan, shoulder; G. 11. Bassett; James Hilton, chest, and Eugene' Plump, leg. Company D: 1st Sergeant J. A. Boering; Sergeant George Ogden; Privates G. W. Shilling, and Andy Julian, thigh. Company E: Privates J. A. Andholson, James McDaniel, Milton Johnson, Beaty Boughton, Newton Barker, Isaac Bowen, John Ball, Levi Ball, Austin Serman; Thomas Kurely, leg and ankle; E. Shillds, hip and thigh; David Vance, and Isaac Ray. Company F: 1 st Sergeant H. C. Snyder; Sergeant R. W. Strirnger; Corporal A. O. Cady, arm; Privates G. W. Barnett, hip; James Basset, W. Clayborn, William Edmonds, John Griffy, D. Gartlemen, Johnson Haydon, G. W. Hoffman, H. W. Kelty, H. M. Clintock, W. Pettell; William Peel, arm; A. Rodgers, shoulder; John Shiks, chest; J. Sullivan, and B. J. Winslow, leg. Company G: Lieutenant John Levil: Sergeant F. C. Stevenson; Privates John Barker, knee; J. G. Symons, leg and thigh; Levi Bichart, chest; Samuel Kesslor, chest; Jackson, and W. H. Harrold. Company II: Sergeant William Todd; Corporals James Grove, hip and leg; James McCesby, head; D. Caise, arm; Privates J. M. Kreller, hip; G. S. Kreller, chest; Fred. Weidmeiso; John Fisher, head; and William Templer, arm. Company I: Corporal B. F. Dill; Privates Howard Huffman, hip; B. Lenord Burkard, thigh; A. Echalmon; Jacob Echalmon; J. M. Fitzgerald, hip; Thomas Grinfli; M. W. Linsey, arm; A. J. Bennington, Martin Shive, George Schmidt, Davis Lee, F. W. Brown, J. L. Masters, and G. Burchman. Company H: Privates G. Gadker, thigh; Charles Love; A. Robins, shoulder; M.Fisk, Charles Mitchell, Daniel Both, M. Stenly, - Stochman, Milton Jones, and C. Morris. Company D: Privates L. Julian, James Berder, and John Wilson. Company G: Privates M. Godard, Newton Deer, and Hugh Tucker. Company F: Private Henry Millenbrock. Company K: Privates Milton Stocheld and John L. Jones.

Page  202 202 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. THIRTY-SECOND INDIANA REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Privates John Boedle, Jacob Osterly, and Bemhartt Mardorf. Company C: Private Frederick Pepper. Company D: Sergeant Lewis Irving; Private August Steinmler. Company F: Private Frederick Mlyer. Company G: Sergeant Banctanstins Hurst. Company F: Sergeant Henry Kaiser. Company G: Private John Weidhurst. Company K: Privates Joseph Proctker and Jacob Gessner. Wounded.-Company A: Privates John Wyp, head; John Stengel, arm; Louis Scherimyer, back; Frank Marks, head. Company B: Sergeant Frederick Know, breast; Privates Frederick Urlow, leg; Jacob Forthofer, thigh. Company C: Privates Louis Beith, leg; David Fisher, head and leg; Christian Lepper, breast; Peter Bittner, leg. Company D: Corporal George Duchle, hand; Privates Abraham Weinackle; John Benner; John Tabert, leg; Balthers Binar, leg. Company E: Privates Wilhelm Schoefield, thigh; W. H. Helwing, breast. Company F: Privates Christian Bussim, left shoulder; Herman Derrenger, leg; George Schenk, breast; Gotlieb Wittman, arm; Anton Weigle, leg. Company G: Sergeant Nathial Schrockdelsker, knee; Privates William Becker, arm and leg; Louis Schilling; John Osterman. Company H: Privates Philip Eckard; August Koble; Joseph Baerle; Conrad Miller; Ludwig Wagoner. Company I: Private Christian Gross, hand. Company K: Sergeant Fritz Netzer, knee; Corporals Christian John, hand; Fritz Weber, hand; John Lewsins, hand; Privates Frederick Bretthaner, leg; Henry Brepner, left arm; Robert Kamp; Frederick Richerick, hand. FIFTH INDIANA BATTERY. K~lled.-Corporal Jas. M. Waters; Privates Daniel Rickards and Phillips Geddis. TVounded.-Lieutenant Henry Rankin, shoulder; Sergeant Joseph Henghey, knee; Corporals John English, hip; Wm. Henry, side and neck; and Robert Bolton; Privates Wesley Amos, thigh; David Bricker, leg; Stephen McKeizer, wrist; John Mendenhall, left foot; David Myers, left leg; Wm. Plummer, foot; and Jacob Shoemaker, knee. FIRST OHIO VOLUNTEERS. WTounded.-Company E: Private T. B. Cure, hip. Company I: Private W. S. Brown, right thigh. NINETY-THIRD OHIO VOLUNTEERS. Wounded.-Company A: Private Samuel Rowlands, right leg. Company F, Privates Miles McNaf, right arm, and John Magner, right thigh. NINETY-FOURTH OHIO VOLUNTEERS. TVounded.-Company I: Private Christian Wise, left knee. FIFTH KENTUCKY. Killed.-Company A: Private John Sutten. Company C: Privates Henry Miller, and Mike Conly. Company D: Sergeant Ely Tamill, Corporals Benj. Dren and Pat. Burk, and Privates Arthur Graham, G. Pliffer, and Conrad Bround. Company E: Corporals Adam Menkirk and John Gottchalk, and Private George Beanmister. Company G: Corporal John Lacy and Private Michael Fallon. Company H: Corporals Wim. Summers and Jas. iMcDaniels. Company I: Captain Alexander Ferguson and Corporal John Moore.

Page  203 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 203 Wounded.-Lieutenant Colonel Wm. W. Berry, wrist; Major Jas. L. Treanor, slightly. Company A: Sergeants James Cullen, knee, and Daniel Clinton, thigh; Corporals Benj. D. Edsill, arm, and Robert Cosgrave; Privates W. W. Cassidy, leg; Robert Johnson, hand; Thomas Lofters, arm; Pat. Vale, hip; and J. McCormick, hip. Company B: Privates Jos. Connor, arm; Jas. Wooman, arm; Alex. Mullen, leg; William Steward, hip; Thos. Murry, hand; and John Malz, hip. Company C: Captain Asa Speed, abdomen; Sergeant Wm. Shaw, abdomen; Corporal John Brown, thigh; Privates Thos. Ely, arm; Jacob Barber, hand; John Crown, neck; Lewis Sergant, head. Company D: Corporal David Hard, abdomen; Privates Austin Sweeny, both thighs; Pat. Gilligan, leg; John Marion, knee; Michael Keenan, leg; Ben. Patrick, both legs; John McCormick, leg; Francis M. Tucker, face and leg; Sebastin Mill; leg, and James Donnelly, shoulder. Company E: Lieutenant Frank Dissel, abdomen; Sergeant Fred Knoiner, foot; Corporal Bumhurdt Leimon, shoulder; Privates Jacob Arent, foot; Bumhardt Kiel, ankle; and Phil. Schnieder, side. Company F: Privates 0. H. Johnsen, leg; Albert H. Laycock, neck; Andrew J. Smith, leg; Johll Stratton, leg; Wm. Snapp, leg, amputated. Company G: Corporals Walter Lacy, thigh; Wm. Shomaker, thigh; and Charles Anderson, thigh; Privates Martin Brophes, hand; Francis Schaffer, back; Benj. Conklin, leg; August Depoir, neck; Daniel Dunn, thigh; Thomas Farren, shoulder; and Thomas White, leg. Company H: Privates John Hoffman, hand; Squire Cable, hand; Antoines Berringer, arm; Chas. Fleckhammer, shoulder; Wim. Factor, hip; Geo. Ialabaum, thigh; Fred. Jones; Frank Klespie, arm; Wm. Sherrer, thigh, fractured; Andrew H. Ward, wrist; and James R. Williams, arm. Company I: Privates Wm. Carter, hip; Henry Hailman, hip; T. H. Johnson, arm; and Herman Shroeder, legs. Company K: Lieutenant John D. Sheppard, left lung; Corporals Theo. Mennypeny, leg; and Elisha Chandler, leg; Privates Thos. Eagan, hip; -James R. Carter, both legs; Michael Conner, arm; John J. Galely, leg; W. H. Roes, back; and Mike Higgins, thigh. NINETY-THIRD OHIO REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Corporal Jasper Fry. Company C: Private Wayne Thompson. Company F: Sergeant William Lane, Corporal Swain Corson, Privates William Ogg, George Kimbal, and James Kennedy. Company G: Private George B. Saylor. Company IH: Sergeant Joseph Wiley, Privates Henry Siler and Alfred Shiler. Company K: Corporal William McKee. Tlounded.-Company A: Captain William H. Martin, shoulder; Corporal Ira B. Hearn; Privates William Hillrigle, arm; Daniel Lehman, William Sicklider, and Francis Kapp. Company B: Sergeant Tingler, breast; Corporals Jesse Fister, knee, and- Wolf, shoulder; Privates Shortz, leg; Irvin, face. Company C: Lieutenant J. T. Patton, both thighs; Sergeants S. S. Lodler, shoulder; J. Falconer, arm and groin; J. Merill, arm; Privates W. C. Stewart, forearm, and Z. Dody, knee. Company D: Private John A. Logan, arm. Company E: Sergeants A. H. Mason, leg, and Jacob Vogle, thigh; Privates 0. W. Weichmar, ankle; H. B. Ulm, ankle; H. Hippait, ankle. Company F: Privates Richard Straw, Flichtimger, Enny Carle, John Wagner, and McNiff. Company G: Privates J. W. Johnson, J. H. Ramsay, and Martin C. Bemmel. Company H: Lieutenant Daniel Sherman, elbow; Sergeants F. W. Austin, elbow, and Logan, arm; Private Albert Brown, both thighs. Company I: Privates J. Hammond, breast; J. Easser, leg; J. Cline. Company K: Lieutenant George Shultz, Corporal Martin Etter, and Private Benjamin Strails.

Page  204 204 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. FIRST OHIO REGIMENT. Killed.-Company B: Private Frederick Burbam. Company C: Private Mathew Webster. Company D: Privates Samuel Berby, Charles Scobie, and Eugene Roberts. Company H: Corporal Curtis McKinney, Privates Henry Sharp and J. M. Donner. Ilounded.-Company A: Privates J. W. Reed, right side; Freeman Wolf, leg; Newal A. Webb, leg. Company B: Sergeant Jacob Ryner; Private William Fabier, wrist. Company C: Privates James Galloway, thigh; Joseph Platt, scalp; Thomas Dickenstal, leg, (amputated;) Franklin Luray, leg; Charles A. Stone, arm. Company D: Lieutenant Alex. Vairan, foot; Corporal George Jamison, thigh; Privates Horace Cowan, neck; Hugh Gray, leg and side; Robert Waterson, thigh. Company E: Privates Reuben Parker, arm; George H. Patton, thigh; J. L. Houser, thigh. Company H: Privates Danair Milhauzen, left hand; Danair McChist, left hand; Ed. Murey, leg; Joseph Slack, thigh. Company I: Sergeants William May, chest; J. W. Faucett, thigh; Corporals James Robinson, left thigh; Peter Trapp, forearm; Privates Samuel Lockheart, head; Michael Sullivan, shoulder; James Waller, thigh; Ienry C. Neff, forearm; M. W. Fulk, shoulder; Ed. Dubler, thigh; John Mlarquis, shoulder; Frank Prouse, shoulder; Thomas Fox, shoulder. Company K: Sergeant C. W. Bowelle, head; Privates A. Keefer, side; Lewis A. Spemyk, arm. SIXTH INDIANA REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Corporal George A. Benepil and Private William Ellis. Company B: Corporal Seely Jayne; Privates B. F. Simpson, William Jolly, and James Shoemaker. Company C: Privates Ira Roberts, Samuel Stall, and Enqs Clark. Company G: Privates James Reay and John W. Sharp. Company H: Private James H. Earl. Company K: Corporal John F. Harrell; Privates John H. Hyatt and Ed. McVay. WVounded.-Company A: Lieutenant J. C. Whaley, hip; Corporal Samuel Storms, shoulder; Privates George Smith, foot; James Stephenson, left hip; George Messmore, knee; John W. Anderson, hand; Ebenezer Marcus, knee. Company B: Sergeant John E T'illman, both legs; Privates James Kitts. thigh; Stephen Jayne, both legs; John Dixon, shoulder; B. F. Hargrave, left side; T. R. Munroe, shoulder; E. M. Adkins, leg; William Fungrater, leg. Company C: Privates D. B. Simonton, chest, since died; G. Cummins, right arm; Robert C. Gray, left arm; William Dunlap, shoulder; Virgil Brown, head; Newton Young, right arm. Company D: Privates Jonathan Easts, leg; Casper Land, right leg; William Conway, left wrist; John Long, ankle; William Wallace, shoulder. Company E: Corporal W. S. Meads, hand; Privates Joseph Underwood, hand; Theodore Johnson, hand. Company F: Privates JElijah Baily, head; Cornelius Underunk, breast. Company G: Privates A. G. Cotton, left hip; Gideon Powell, leg; Alexander Bradford, hip. Company IH: Corporal George H. Sheets, head; Privates J. P. Fanon, right leg; William P. Gosswell, right arm; James H. Voris, left arm; Robert Chillis, left knee; William H. Johnson, right shoulder; J. D. Griffith, right ankle. Company I: Privates Virgil Baker, left knee; Nathan H. Floyd, both legs; Henry Dixon, scrotum; William Underwood, right side; Mathew Doyle, hand. Company K: Privates S. W. Jackson, neck; J. F. Jordan, arm; W. P. Ensminger, over right eye; John Breese, finger; Thomas W. Lewis, thigh and finger. THIRTIETH INDIANA REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Lieutenant E. B. Stribly, Privates Christian Miekler, Lawrence White, and W. D. Allen. Company B: Corporals William Rosesaugh, William Roberts, and Daniel Walker; Privates N. M. Reynolds, and E.

Page  205 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 205 Middleton. Company C: Corporal J. W. Hathaway, Privates William Archy and James Morrow. Company D: Privates William Vlealfield and J. W. Newbit. Company E: Corporal Alfred Harris, Privates George Johnson and William Topono. Company F: Private Curtis Bronse. Company G: Corporal T. J. Rambo, Privates Eli Wheeler, Myron Ames, and Namon Pence. Company H: Corporal N. Osborn, Privates W. Meller, George Long, William Fick, and George Coal. Company K: Corporal David Zigler and Private David Swank. Wounded.-Company A: Sergeant J. W. Stribly; Privates Joseph Vanyier, C. Stribly, P. Schrona, A. Wilson, F. Hutchins, and M. Storms. Company B: Privates Robert Smidley, G. W. Johnson, F. Menhide, S. Frank, D. Koons, G. Bartly, J. Bentford, William Felters, W. H. Sloan, and F. Fisher. Company C: Sergeant Anderson Cooly; Corporals Isaac Pancake and Joseph S. Olcott; Privates Charles Allen, George Garber, William P. Johnson, H. M. Marker, Talman Morris, Joseph Miller, William Parker, and R. Vanderford. Company D: Sergeant Thomas Meads; Corporal Robert Bell; Privates Henry Richards and George Penbrook. Company E: Sergeant George R. Murphy; Corporals Charles S. Muny, John H. Rhodes, and Edward Struck; Privates John Whitera, William Mann, Samuel Shann, Henry Bush, Charles V. Fair, Thomas Hogarth, and Simeon Malone. Company F: Corporal John C. Bloomfield; Privates Samuel Wygart, David Skinner, William Snooks, Henry Hayner, and James Vanferson. Company G: Sergeant R. P. McFarland; Corporal Harrison Merrick; Privates C. B. Ellsworth, W. H. Yoder, J. W. Walbum, Silas Latta, Elias Butt, and W. W. Wilson. Company H: Sergeants J. Likens, - Hogei and - Connor; Corporals --- Whisong, William Freeman, and Burnhart; Privates - Bean, A. Coller, N. Kedricorn, J. George, A. Long, William Sutes, John Marcum, R. McCush, G. Muny, A. Reeder, N. M. Showers, S. Ulm, A. Skinner, J. Lockmier, and S. Dilno. Company I: Captain J. M. S. Britcher; Lieutenant John Moore; Corporal Peter Hemmer; Privates George Armstrong, Daniel Bowman, T. Carlier, Alfred Clark, Oliver P. Evey, William Ford, William Harris, William Hight, Henry Kist, Silas McCook, Jeremiah Now, John Meritney, Andrew Pern, A. H. Beck, and VW. Hapner. Company K: Corporal D. D. Copies; Privates W. Nelson and G. A. Potter. SEVENTY-NINTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Colonel Sheridan P. Reed. Company A: Sergeant Joseph Thomas. Privates Thomas Berry, Henry Loop, and George Lifter. Company C: Privates Wesley Strickland and George Green. Company D: Private George Yeakee. Company E: Privates William Dillin and Phenias Coffin. Company F: Privates Jay Guinniss, Wiley Jones, Joseph Walkin, and Joln J. Miller. Company G: Corporal Boeman Jacobs and Private David Ball. Company H: Joseph H. Smith and B. F. G. Fuller. Company K: Private Henry Wansly. Wounded.-Company A: Privates John Cook, side; Francis Cuady, left thigh; Benjamin Lane, head; George Hiddle, left shoulder; and A. M. Robineru, right shoulder. Company B: Privates Michael Lames, face; Albert Carter, right hand; Henry Bentz, shoulder; Eleazer Smith, lung; Jacob Franna, left thigh; Chinton Davis, left foot; William Vincent, right hand; Benjamin Watts, left forearm; Peter Gregors, head; and Jeremiah Viatch, left thigh. Company C: Lieutenant John H. Patton, ankle; Sergeant Abednego Sanders, right knee; Corporals John M. Shank, left hand; Hamilton Elliott, right knee; Privates George W. Rigg, mortally; Jacob Luimon, back; John Jones, side of head; and Isaac M. Ewing, left hand. Company D: Captain Thomas A. Young, back; Corporal William Greenleaf, right hand; Privates Francis J. Pastor, right thigh; John Shance, right leg; Josiah Wallett, right side; Emsley J. Troyden, mortally; Thomas Patterson, left side; and Jno. Hotston, both thighs. Company E: Lieutenant Henry S. Albin, thigh; Sergeant Harvey

Page  206 206 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS Peters, mortally; Privates James H. Lyon, right thigh; G. Crise, left shoulder; Jno. L. Stevens, right side; Edwin Drake, right side; Asa Craft, right leg; William Bracket, mortally; Owen Brown, hand; George Pittill, right arm; and Andrew Wiley, left hand. Company F: Sergeant Milton F. Craig, mortally; Corporals Henry B. Kieler, left side of head, and George Reddick, left leg and shoulder; Privates John Taylor, right side of head; John W. Cunningham, left leg; J. M. Farr, left side; Cornelius Ramsey; Charles Cleelfiter, finger, left hand. Company G: Sergeant James Madden, left side; Privates Theodore Elliott, knee; Thomas Brandon, left shoulder; Orlando Genil, right leg; Richard Clark, right foot; and Stephen Grimes, left arm. Company H: Corporal Asa Williams, right knee; Privates Samuel Heicky, mortally; Harvey Zink, mortally; T. R. Ogden, left thigh; William Hollin, left leg; Charles Cass, right foot; S. Stanly, right leg; John Kidden, left knee; Jacob H. Titus, left side; and W. H. Roberts, left leg, Company J; Alexander Chambers, left hand; Enoch Harris, left thigh; Benedict Martin, head; Alonzo McKee, left leg; and Marion Rolster, left shoulder. Company K: Sergeant Josephus Daman, left leg; Corporals Hewitt McKinny, right thigh, and Cyrus Brannock, right foot; Privates George Moxen, left thigh; Larkin Lane, right hip; John Jenkins, right ear; and Stacy Darning, mouth. SEVENTY-SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. IKilled.-Company D:. Private Augustus Mace. Company E: Privates John Haker and John Buler. Company K: Private Alexander Brown. Wounded.-Lieutenant Colonel Peter B. Hensum, left hip, since died. Company A: Lieutenant John E. Walker, knee; Private Henry Tennary. Company B: Privates William Tomes, leg, and Edwin Bratt, hip. Company C: Sergeant Scott R. Crawford, leg; Corporals William Kinth, both legs, and Samuel A. Gethy, left thigh; Privates William Ganster, right leg; David Sutter, ankle; William Dixon, breast and wrist; Andrew Hindland, right eye; John Higgins, face; Henry Grecknawall, left finger. Company D: Private William Robinson, breast. Company E: Privates Thomas Harely; E. J. Murphy; J. E. Clark, back; Alfred Ray, breast; Enoch Eckler, head. Company F: Privates Michael Short, shoulder; William Brian, hand; George Heamer, knee. Company G: Corporal James Foster, breast; Private Patrick Galliger, face. Company K: Corporal Robert McMillan, right thigh; Privates William J. Prentiss, breast; John Gamble, shoulder; Lewis H. Buler, hip. THIRTY-FOURTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Private G. S. Woodworth. Company C: Corporal Charles Santee. Company D: Corporal John Dole and Privates Henry Pecks and William Hendle. Company E: Sergeant Marcus D. Bennett, Corporal George J. Dougherty, and Privates Henry D. Krouch and A. M. Pratt. Company G: Captain W. C. Greenwood and Private S. R. Cully. Company H: Corporal S. R. Kurtz and Privates A. S. Tyler, A. A. Willoby, and Charles Easter. Company I: Private James Masters. Company K: Sergeant James M. Peaden and Private Riley Marcoti. Wounded.-Company A: Corporals John Gibner, leg; J. P. Durstin, left thigh; John Gorgan, hip, chin, and neck; J. M. Maiden, wrist; Hershell H. Smith, left foot. Company B: Corporal W. F. Nichols, right leg; Private Philip Besor, right leg. Company C: Lieutenant Daniel Riley, left knee; Corporals W. A. Leity, ankle; John Lalsoman, left thigh and arm; G. W. Bissler, both hands; David Wingard, knee and arm; Privates J. H. Bowers, left leg; Henry Brown, right leg; Thomas Brown, face; Robert Caldwell, ankle; Patrick Fayher, right thigh; Herman Groith, shoulder and face; Henry

Page  207 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 207 Hoffmaster, left side; J. B. Hoff, right leg; Jacob F. Hirsel, left shoulder; William H. Hopper, left thigh; Philip Keysier, right thigh; Erl. O. Neal, left leg; John Bonch, left ear; Ben. Boyce, right side; J. H. Stephens, head; R. E. Young, left leg. Company D: Sergeant D. C. Young; Corporals L. J. Tussey; John Chambers, arm; Privates E. Brewer, leg; 0. P. Barber, arm; H. C. Carr, forearm; Wellington Ealor; Henry Law; George Pierce, left hip; Jos. Shellmier, elbow; James Lyman, leg. Company E: Captain Oscar Van Tasset, forearm; Sergeants John F. Gunty, thigh; Patrick McCarty; Robert Dean; Corporals George F. Cheeshire, hip and arm; Austin S. Fox, hand; J. C. Groover; Privates Fred. Tyers; William Jovine; Charles Miner; Lawrence Coffried; John Zenk; Michael Kenham; A. H. Blakely; Triar Richardson; Charles Butterfield, head; F. C. Brown, right leg; J. H. Gull, chest; A. F. Herington, knee; E. F. Merritt, arm. Company F: Corporals William Steel, hip and thigh, and J. B. Taylor, left shoulder; Privates Ed. Pankherd, knee, and Christian D. Taylor, hip and thigh. Company G: Sergeant Edwin Olls, leg; Corporal Elias Bacherman, back, severely; Privates Samuel Hindman, forefinger and jaw; S. C. Barber, leg; H. J. Sultith, lung, (head.) Company H: Sergeant Peter Householder, side; Corporals Levi J. Holinsinger, neck; E. G. Lawrence, leg; Privates A. Billing, right hip; H. H. Bennett, head; John Goddington, wrist; George Detwiller, shoulder and wrist; John Cosut, thigh; Jacob S. Grove, right thigh; Levi E. Hays, right hip; W. W. Johnson, left shoulder; I)avis W. Morteith, leg; Lewis Miller, right elbow; E. Rife, right side; Otho Sice, shoulder. Company I: Sergeants Joseph Feller, left groin; Philip Gelwicks, right leg; Levi Lower, left heel; John C. Gelwicks, thigh; Corporals George Robbins, leg; Hiram H. Mayward, groin; Privates K. Ransom, right leg; Joseph Saver, right wrist; Philip Quicktremer, back; Peter Farrel, leg; Christian Bachman, leg; Jesse H. Berlin. Company K: Privates Nathan Conner; Daniel Madder, wrist; Nelson O'Hara, both thighs and knee; W. J. Rodgers, left side; Thomas Gaddis, right hip. TWENTY-N[NTH INDIANA REGIMENT. Killed.-Company C: Privates Robert Donnely and Adam Sigrider. Conpany E: Private Joseph Chresnel. Company G: Captain -- Stebbins. Company -I: Private Wm. Crawford. Wounded.-Company A: Privates Hugh Guthrie, foot; Anson Brown, right leg. Company B: Private John Stonebreaker, right leg. Company C: Privates James Houghton, left thigh; John Bach, left foot; Henry Holmes, thigh; John Schofer, arm; B. H. Brown, arm; and James Chine, left thigh. Company D: Privates J. H. Dunlap, hand; Albert H. Har, shoulder; and Silas E. Bascom, right thigh. Company E: Lieutenant P. I)unn, right foot; Privates Wim. Cline, left foot; John Tuttle, right lung; Austin Sargant, left thigh; Wm. HI. Steavson; and Daniel White, right leg. Company G: Private O. Bushnell, face and knee. Company I: Privates Geo. Mopholder, lung, (dead;) Sylvester Crawford; and F. M. Smith, right leg. FORTY-SECOND ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Kill d.-Colonel Roberts. Company A: Privates Eli Carson and John Minnich. Company B: Lieutenant Julian Letterman and Private Fred. Litsney. Company C: Privates Franklin Bush and Warren Reynolds. Company E: Privates D. C. Arnold and A. J. Northrop. Company H: Lieutenant Cyrus B. Chipman, Sergeant William H. Perry, Corporals P. Paddock and C. M. Harrison, and Private A. Jeffers. Company I: Corporal Alexander Smith and Privates Gorden J. Carpenter and John Therson. Company K: Sergeant Perry C. Bowen and Ordandott Benson.

Page  208 208 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Wounded.-Company A: Corporals Anthony Daly, severely, and Dwight A. Linedler, severely; Privates Duncan Hamilton, severely; Frederick Dreghorm, severely; George Stole, severely; Charles A. Jacques, severely; and Henry J. Schott, severely. Company B: Privates Patrick Shirts, severely; Hermann Peters, severely; George Godfrey, severely; William Bincint, severely; Swartz Andrews, severely; Peter Shoemaker, severely; and Henry Dougherst, severely. Company C: Sergeants John Abarebeen, shoulder and wrist: Orill Powell, right arm; and Barnard Powell, right leg, slightly; Corporal Martin L. Holt, right leg, slightly; Privates William Cornish, arm; Benjamin J. Gardner, head; Orlin L. Higgins, leg; Rolin H. Egerton, arm; Wilbert Writing, arm; John Wallace, arm; and Charles Johnson, thigh, severely. Company D: Sergeants M. J. Sheridan, leg, severely, and John W. Hill, left hand; Corporal Henry Wells, shoulder; Privates William O. Kelsey, foot; Thaddeus Mott, foot; Nicholas Machin, thigh; Nathaniel Redford, arm; Adam Stuoyer, thigh; Richard Hill, leg; David B. Whitmore, arm; William B. Watson, arm; and Julius J. Worcester, arm. Company E: Sergeant Leonard B. Norton, shoulder; Corporals Henry Lucas, shoulder; 0. F. Mowery, shoulder; Byron J. Dart, shoulder; Charles Schrode, shoulder; and C. Herman, shoulder; Privates Hiram Caston, thigh; G. Henderson; Kon. M. Donald; John Peters, thigh; and John Fillitson, hip. Company F: Sergeant Charles Ledyard, hip; Corporal C. R. Perkins, both legs; Privates Charles Ashling, knee; George Round; R. B. Welch, slightly; J. G. Oldritch, slightly; J. D. Somes, severely; William Buykdall, slightly. Company G: Sergeant George W. Bagnall, elbow; Privates Edward A. Kely, thigh; James W. Barber, head; Daniel Beamer, leg; Charles E. Dix, slightly; John D. Dorkey, head; Burnett Herle, head; Charles M. Verdy, arms; William Slatterly, hand; and Benjamin Singer, leg. Company H: Sergeant Stephen H. Reynolds, hand; Corporal James Pusard, arm; Privates James L. Perdy, shoulder; William Billings; J. Colomb; Linly J. Ford; J. P. Fry; J. A. Gibson; J. Stenhauser; P. Sash; J. H. Jarmer, and F. E. O. Vogland. Company I: Corporal Charles Limstrom; Privates George W. Boardman; Edward Fauaix; Christian Johnson; Henry Hale; Benjamin Morse; John Petty; Aaron C. Smith, severely; William Smith; Henry W. Shoemaker, severely; and Joseph Faller, slightly. Company K: Sergeant James M. McDelan, thigh; Corporal J. G. Beard, leg; Privates P. F. Arst, hip; Peter Semly, leg; C. Nichols, leg; E. B. Edmonds, thigh; and Thomas Condon, leg. FIFTY-FIRST ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Lieutenant John S. Weith. Company B: Corporal Mathew Mansfield and Private Hill Stason. Company C: Sergeant Thomas Barnes. Company E: Corporal John D. Jones. Company H: Private George Monderaut. Wounded.-Major Chas. W. Davis. Company A: Privates John Kelly, John Connel, and Thomas Hays. Company B: Captain James S. Boyd, Privates Samuel Wilson, Silas Cummings, James Miller, James Brannon, William Gavin, Eli Shreeve, Patrick Clark, David Beak, William Gardner, William Dinsmore, and Jerome Morgan. Company C: Privates Frederick W. Camps, Ethan Hoover, Robert Crawford, Rufus Dunnan, and J. R. Loback. Company E: Sergeant Benton Runnel, Corporal John S. Dougherty, Privates Anderson Bailor, James Nelson, William Pilkington, and George E. Chapman. Company F: Privates Thomas W. Marcus, David A. Shaffer, and Thomas H. Mason. Company G: Corporal John Nelson, Privates H. Gibson, Patrick Lyons, and Lewis Bonnshear. Company H: Captains Stephen M. Alliston and C. B. Whiston, Privates Henry Gibson, and Jeremiah Miller. Company K: Sergeant Henry A. Bush and Private Elon Clark.

Page  209 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 209 TWENTY-SECOND ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Corporal Thomas Kirkham. Company B: Sergeant William Davis, Privates Pat. McHessing and John C. Perrine. Company C: Corporal G. Vote and Private William Arthur. CGmpany D: Sergeant T. C. P. White, Privates A. D. Albert and A. Pettyoyher. Company E: Privates E. R. Wheeler, Samuel Davenport, and John Fisher. Company F: Privates Charles Bochman and Charles Gilbert. Company I: Sergeant John A. Beck, Privates John Macks, John Rose, and Thomas Malone. Company K: Corporal Fred. Lewis, and Privates Jerome Donnovan and John McGow. Wounded.-Company A: Sergeant Obed Turk, Corporals Albert Mace, J. Pickering, Fred. Carter, Privates Jacob Engler, F. Mellink, A. Rider, Robert MacDonald, William Mace, John Sesmir, and William Umberge. Company B: Sergeant Henry D. Rossiter, Corporal E. Olden, Privates Ed. Hilton, Thomas Lincoln, S. S. Alford, Loomis Robb. Company C: Captain William A. Gregory, Sergeant A. H. Quinn, Privates N. Ames, John Kamp, and C. M. Galloway. Company D: Sergeant Joel Basely, Corporal Robert Beams, Privates E. Heal, John Alexander, N. Coleman, H. O. Tile, M. Handly, and 0. Stevans. Company E: Captains Jas. Murry and Jas. Collins, Privates Peter McVay, John Luggs, M. V. Cornelius, and P. P. S. Dewy. Company F: Captain H. Bornemann, Corporal Charles Seigfried, Privates C. B. Murdoff, J. Larsen, Loomis Vessels, and George Schmidt. Company G: Sergeants A. Lamb, J. F. Gregory, Clinton B. Hall, and Mirlin Ireland; Corporals A. F. Williams and - Hoffman; Privates G. W. Blankinship, L. W. Cunningham, G. W. Cunningham, William Gilmore, M. Hogan, Jacob Van Patten, Nathaniel Scott, Harvey Simpson, Charles Gates, and William Hammond. Company I: Captain N. A. French, Sergeant D. H. Cowle; Corporals William Gray and John R. Allen; Privates A. Gibson,' M. Kavanaugh, Calvin Hodges, Wisley Lafferty, and A. S. Carlton. Company K: Sergeant Fred. Welty, Corporal - Besslar; Privates M. Hennyberry, E. Jones, L. L. Jenkins, M. Keting, Pat. McVary, Pat. MeAvery, J. Aver, J. Pendergrass, William Thomas, George Thomas, and James Fusil. FIRST ILLINOIS ARTILLERY REGIMENT. Killed.-Company C: Sergeant G. W. Cooper; Privates Ashbury Smith, John Wilder, John Bennett, and Charles Zeisig. Wounded.-Company C: Captain Charles Hauteling; Sergeant Charles P. Whiteman; Corporals M. P. B. Channel, O. D. Gries, and J. A. Fitzimmons; Privates Lafayette Bruneville, Martin Zohner, A. Dallas, John Doherty, Adam Eley, Jacob Goddard, Henry Miller, John B. Nettles, Michael Leary, Samuel Peterson; W. S. Robinson, Jesse Richardson, William Stephens, W. E. Dobson, and Jacob Shenk. TWENTY-FOURTH WISCONSIN REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Private Charles Cooksen. Company B: Privates G. Rockwell, R. Joyce, and J. Cockrane. Company C: Privates E. Eckhart and R. Panca. Company D: Lieutenant Nix, Privates G. Gregg and S. Hennessy. Company E: Privates D. Springshead, A. Quenand, and J. R. Colman. Company G: Corporal Frank Hall. Company H: Private John Eder. Company I: Private W. Regan. Company K: Privates J. Gibbert, Aug. Gage, and N. B. Brooks. Wounded.-Company A: Privates George Trecker, hand; F. Fowler, right leg; Peter Comeilie, ankle. Company B: Privates Jas. Smythe, unknown; G. Merrick, abdomen; S. Williams, right leg; D. Newcomb, breast; A. Ex. Doc. 2 14

Page  210 210 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Weber, neck; Ph. Ward, face. Company C: Sergeant W. Mash, shoulder; Corporals Thomas Wyck, face; G. Nockerneame, face; Privates G. Beck, right leg; M. Bergner, hip; Fr. Zettela, shoulder; H. Giger, right arm. Company D: Private Pat. Ryan, leg. Company E: Privates John Banett, leg; W. Queesnan, unknown; James Harvey, left arm; G. Krause, left thigh. Company F: Privates John Dunn, foot and leg; John McKey, hand; John James, leg; George Creighton, right hand; Frank Kittridge, left thigh; M. Parkinson, wrist. Company G: Sergeant H. W. Carter, leg; Privates John James, thigh; M. Smith, thigh; Harry Weldon, leg. Company H: Privates M. Reily, unknown; F. Parker, morea; D. Murphy, unknown; J. Weiskoff, unknown; Charles Bish, hand. Company I: Corporal J. Berth, arm; Privates J. Cameron, knee; B. F. Marshall, arm; - Galdrielson, finger; M. Fanencamp, hand; J. French, head; C. Andacher, left thigh. Company I: H. Ulrich, left arm; Ed. Curly, head and hand; N. Hurm, leg; M. Hulman, leg. Company K: D. Saulsbury, left leg; John Guller, shoulder; M. Steffins, unknown; Aug. Wrase, arm; Stephen Smith, foot; Jacob Bender, head; Harvey Baker, penis. TWENTY-SEVENTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Privates Fred'k Geiger, George Genner, Chas. Pitran, Fred'k Wiseman. Company G: Corporal W'm. D. Mallory; Company H: Private Jas. A. Martin. Wounded.-Company A: Private Casper Pillman, leg. Company B: Sergeant G. W. Edwards, right arm; Corporal Wm. Hiatt, finger; Privates Pat. Beny, hip; Thos. Hoffman, hip. Company C: First Sergeant Geo. W. Clark, hand shot off; Sergeant F. F. Clark, side; Corporal Wm. A. Osborn, thigh; Privates Wm, Bean, thigh; Thos. Connor, wrist; Wm. Huston, thigh; John Litzman, cheek; Donly Toland, hand; James Macksell. Company D: Sergeants Nathan F. Page, shoulder; John Kennedy, leg; Privates Frank Mott, shoulder; George W. Mallory, shoulder; Andrew W. Johnson. Company E: Sergeant A. M. Boggs; Corporal M. S. Rankin, wrist; Privates Thos. J. McConnell, leg; J. IM. Hoyt, arm; John Lowrey, thigh; S. R. Davis, thigh; John O'Riley, foot; A. J. Shiffer; Wim. Moore, leg; L. M. Cook, leg. Company F: Privates Job Fritz, chin; Jas. Brown, ear and shoulder. Company G: Sergeant S. B. Atwater, leg; Privates Joel N. Woodward, face; M. Chamberlin, shoulder; J. F. Eiley, chest. Company H: Corporal Pitia W. Bowen, shoulder; Privates Wm. F. Bewcher, hand; R. Clark, back; Disney Crane, arm;; Jesse Dougherty, legs; Jas. Gray, shoulder; Fred. B. King, hip; Joshua Tyler, arm; Orlando F. Whipky, hip; Elias Worther, arm; Philip Wolf, back and side. Company I: Lieutenant W. S. Bryan, leg; Privates Wm. W. Williams, eyes; J. G. Heaps, arm; John Hall, leg; J. N. Holcomb, arm; C. M. Owen, lung; Lewis Dennis, leg; James Wilburn; F. M. Hartly; A. J. Graham, shoulder; D. B. Frank, neck; Wm Stilwell, leg. Company K: Colonel Harrington, face and thigh; Privates Charles Creamer, breast; Thomas Davidson, leg; John Surgent. THIRTY-SIXTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Corporals Thomas Fenner and Orlando Nash; Privates Moses F. Gibbs and Thomas Stimler. Company B: Sergeant Daniel McCheny; Private F. Thompson. Company C: Privates Joseph Baxter, W. T. Artimus, D. H. Buchanan, and James Elder. Company D: Sergeant Alexander Stickels; Privates Samuel Yonnes and James Thorp. Company E: Corporals William Benedict and W. Burgess; Privates Nicholas Mahan, Benjamin Sayer, David Vandeuser, Augustus Castor, and James Baird. Company F: Sergeant Michael Boomer; Privates W. H. Jones, K. Spradling, James

Page  211 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 211 Foster, Charles Wangler, A. P. Vanorden, and Cornelius Seward. Company G: Privates Henry Morton and Salmon Heulse. Company H: First Lieutenant L. L. Onson; Corporals Alfred Riggs and Alvin S. Banker; Privates Alonzo Ray, W. M. Floyd, W. M. Hutchings, and Robert Archibald. Company I: Corporal T. Ellis. Company K: Privates George Linhart, George Hall, George R. Pollock, Asoph Adams, and George W. Johnson. Wounded.-Major Silas Miller, left thigh. Company A: First Lieutenant S. H. Wakeman, arm; Sergeants Alexander Robertson, lung; Alec Sand, hand; Leroy Saulsbury, leg; Corporals B. D. C. Rowland, abdomen; Cyrus Dean, right leg; John W. Aldrich, left hand; Privates J. N. Minor, hand; C. A. Brown, right arm; Freeman Derklee, left leg; John Flood, elbow; Alexander Henderson, right lung; John H. Hewitt, hips; David Munro, neck; M. H. Sabine, left leg; Daniel W. Brown, left leg; Charles Plummer, right ankle; John A. White, left leg. Company B: Captain B. F. Campbell, thigh; Second Lieutenant George S. Douglass, right ankle and thigh; Corporals Henry B. Latham, leg; D. Hazleton, leg; Privates Henry Alcott, leg; William Race, left hand; John Otter, right foot; Adams Reits, left leg; William Vanolin, both thighs; James Campbell, right hand; Thomas McConnel, right leg; James H. Woodward, right breast. Company C: Privates R. J. Colwell, right foot; James L. Dryden, right arm; A. A. Ecklerser, right hand; John B. Edger, right side; Thomas B. Gormly, left arm; William Hartzell, right hand; Fred. Kercher, head; Warren Kingsly, right arm; Ether Kech, head; Francis McClanahan, left hand; James McPherson, face; Walter Reeder, right thigh; John Shock, right side; James H. Smith, shoulder; Abraham Stewart, left arm. Company D: Corporals John C. Taylor, right hand; C. H. Thompson, left cheek; James A. Smith, right side; Harry Kemble, right temple; Privates Henry T. Birch, left thigh; L. Barmsmile, right hip; Allen Averel, left hip; Thomas Welsh, right leg; Samuel Tucker, right shoulder; N. Erickson, left leg; C. H. Johnson, right hand; C. N. Olson, left shoulder; D. R. Seymour, slightly; F. Henning, severely. Company E: Captain A. M. Hobbs, breast; First Sergeant C. Smith, slight; Sergeant Lucius Heminsny, right shoulder; Corporals Daniel Darnill, slight; D. Burnside, slight; Privates Henry Haight, left leg; Fred. Bier, left arm; Alfred Bullard, right leg; James N. Donn, left elbow; James Brown, left side; Clines Butterman, left thigh; Charles W. Doty, right cheek; Aaron Darnell, both hips; Oscar Howe, right arm; James F. Hanell, left hand; William Himler, left shoulder; James S. Hatch, left arm; Gilbert Ketchum, right hand; Elisha E. Lloyd, right hand; James E. Moss, left leg; George Merrill, left side; Lyon Perry, right shoulder; Walter Ralston, left hand; Charles H. Schofield, left shoulder; Joel Wagner, face; Joseph Howard, right side. Company F: Lieutenant George W. Mossman, forehead; Sergeant William J. Bond, both legs; Corporal W. H. Mossman, head; Privates S. S. Smith, right arm; William H. Carter, head; Stephen Cummins, head; Ed. Dopp, right leg; W. Huggert, left side; John Jordan, left leg; Anteni Myers, left leg; Lewis Allen, both hips; Alfred Tomblin, left arm; Albert H. Wolf, back of neck; William Thompson, neck. Company G: Corporals Robert B. Herrie, hand; Daniel Kennedy, right arm; Privates George W. Moody, leg; Jesse H. Brown, neck; J. H. Chamberlain, left arm; Joseph Herbert, left shoulder; Robert Jordan, right shoulder; W. F. Boseman, right thigh; William Seversis, right leg; P. Buchanan, left leg broken. Company H: Second Lieutenant Myron A. Smith, leg; First Sergeant H. M. Crittenden, left arm; Sergeant N. B. Sherwood, right temple; Sergeant John C. Wolf, left arm; Corporal Daniel Hartman, left arm; Privates Charles Crawford, left leg; Jackson Carrol, forehead; Jerome C. Ford, left thigh; John H. Sackett, right hip; David D. Warrick, right shoulder; Myron Harris, right leg; Monroe Troop, left hand; Calvin T. Jones, right lung; Ed. H. Robinson, left leg. Company I: Captain C. K. Merrill, leg; Sergeant D. S. Smith, leg; Privates D. McClung, arm;

Page  212 212 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Frederick Wetzke, hand; William Varnier, right thigh; John Rosh, thigh; A. Miller, left arm. Company K: First Lieutenant John F. Elliott, left leg; Sergeants John Gordon, right leg; Eldridge Adams, left leg; H. Folson, slightly; Corporals Frank Micks, right thigh; Fred. Hazelhurst, chest; Privates Sidney Wagner, thigh; Brinton Holz, right hip; Samuel W. Gandy, head; Allen Buess, left shoulder; P. Vamrickleton, right leg; Ed. Reeder, right hand; Eugene Alchun, left hand. MIissing.-Company H: Private Robert Kee. SECOND MISSOURI REGIMENT. Killed.-Colonel Schoeffer, commanding 2d brigade. Company G: Private Tim. O'Brien. Wounded.-Company A: Corporals William Heitz, right thigh; L. Reinken, left leg. Company B: Bugler J. Mueller, right lower hip; Privates Henry Fenmere, right hand; - Eleaser, left arm; Henry Stieman, right arm. Company D: Sergeants H. Kreeler, left hand; J. Wenf, thigh; Privates - Bloomer, left leg; C. Huffman, right arm; John Eckard, small of back. Company F: Sergeants Charles Newbert, left shoulder; Vatts, left knee; Privates —-- Erb, leg; L. Katslasser, shoulder; M. Krill, right leg. Company G: Privates George Rendenback, right thigh; Fred. Tissing, leg. Company H: Corporal A. Brandenberg, leg. Company K: Privates George Hellniger, right foot; Saetz, left hip. FORTY-FOURTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company K: Captain Hosmer; Corporal - Johnson. Wounded. —Captain W. W. Barret, back of head. Company A: Sergeant Dagget, right calf; Privates Patrick O'Brien, head; J. Resbonkonig, head; R. Michlick, upper lip; Lewis Sponknash, right elbow. Company B: Second Lieutenant Parker; Sergeant J. E. Conklin, forehead; Corporal L. D. Wilbur, left ankle; Privates Byron Daren, left calf; George Joles, contusion right arm. Company C: Sergeant D. F. Spring, right calf; Privates H. Coller, left hip; John Allen, contused hip; J. J. Mills, right shoulder. Company E: Captain Ernest Moldenhawer, breast; Adjutant Ranson; Sergeant Ashmud Ruhberg; Privates - Manhies; George Apponzeller; Tilman; Charles Halber, right hand. Company F: Sergeant Isom, right shoulder; Privates J. Office, head; B. F. North, left foot; Howe, left leg. Company G: Sergeant C. Wells, right leg; Corporal H. A. Dobson, left arm; Privates J. Murphy, right elbow; J. J. Chaplin, right breast. Company H: Sergeant - Evans, left shoulder; Private A. Hamilton, right shoulder. Company I: Private Lacy, left leg. Company K: Corporals Julius Hager, left calf; Norton, left leg; Privates Henry Schmidt, right arm; Udo. Dicks, elbow; George Benson, right finger. FOURTH INDIANA BATTERY. Killed.-Corporal W. A. Stoddard; Privates James E. Dale, James Hill, Ed. Nergert, and William Mundell. Wounded.-Corporal Edgar J. Abbot; Privates C. O. Law, James Small, Robert Harris, William Berdoit, Andrew T. Mitchell, William Abbott, Edwin Smith, Elias Brice, Jesse Baily, John Disard, Simeon Ashton, James Hanold, Charles Lockard, Edwin Logan, and Edwin D. Arnold.

Page  213 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 213 TWENTY-FIRST MICHIGAN REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Private Nelson G. Merril. Company B: Corporal Milton M. Mansfield; Privates Charles D. Hilton and Augustus Hean Ausky. Company C: Private Lester M. Jones. Company ID: Private Lyman A. Frost. Company E: Corporal Edwin Rathburn; Privates Theo. Bloomis and Irwin McClain. Company F: Private Christianson Johnson. Company G: Private Jona. Stoddard. Company H: First Sergeant A. A. Sawyer; Privates Septimus Carlton and Charles B. Chillman. Company I: Sergeant William F. Sceer; Privates Robert Morse and Amerson Kachvond. Company K: Corporal Julius F. Barrett. TWounded.-Adjutant Morris B. Wells, right arm. Company A: Sergeant Carlos D. Loring, shoulder; Privates James Swaggard, left arm; Valentine Bretts, nose; James Bartlett, right leg; George W. Tyler, finger; John W. Westbrook, both legs. Company B: Lieutenant B. D. Fox, right foot; Sergeants William A. Thompson, shoulder; Ezra ID. Johnson, left foot; Corporal Edward Barry, hand; Privates DeWitt Aldrich, hand; Edward L. Parker, left thigh; George W. Davis, left thigh; John M. Knapp, right arm; Joseph Largo, left leg; Swet Timothy, back; Daniel W. Wood, hand. Company C: Captain Leonard 0. Fitzgerald, face, thigh, and right hand; Sergeant A. C. Leonard, left leg; Corporals Ansel P. Hosier, right leg and arm; William Crabb, right arm three times; Privates John Smith, leg; John 0. Kelly, leg; Nelson Killman, right leg; Alvin R. Palmer, finger; Allen Roush, neck. Company D: Privates Harry B. Tripp, foot; Edward Sanderson, foot; D. W. West, ankle; William Whipple, left hip and leg; Joseph H. Canfield, ankle; Elvin Gurnsy, face; James B. Ewit, left foot. Company E: Corporal John Fredricks, side; Privates Charles C. Anderson, arm; William McCoy, leg; Christopher Stone, right side; John S. Alden, right arm; Alexander Cole, right thigh; Joseph Brown, left leg; James Gollesphy, left arm. Company F: Lieutenant John F. Loase, neck and leg; Privates Joseph E. Giles, left leg; William S. Campbell, ankle. Company G: Captain Henry C. Albee, arm and side; Privates J. Sullivan, side; M. Camhoul, arm; J. D. Wilt, right leg; E. Wilbott, right hand; C. Klehan, right leg; Oscar Blood, left arm; H. Cooly, right arm; A. Gottschilling, right hand. Company H: Sergeant Charles E. Beckaup, left leg; Corporal Theodore N. Chapin, ankle; Privates John Moffit, both legs; William R. Foot, both thighs; Charles S. Middler, left side and leg; John G. Dumason, hip; Michael Jaherthofer, left leg; Webster B. Ewing, right leg; William James, side; Milo Willard, right hand. Company I: Sergeants A. A. Olcott, right hand and thigh; Samuel Wooldridge, left thigh; Corporal Sanford White, leg; Privates A. Lowery, knee; James G. Putnam, side; William Gearman, right arm; A. E. Wheelock, side and head; H. Marker, right leg; George D. King, left leg. Company K: Lieutenants A. G. Russell, right arm; Eli E. Barrett, thigh; Sergeant E. B. Potter, arm; Privates Albert Stuck, face; Chas. Lock, leg; Chas. Philips, arm; P. C. Goldsmith, arm; William Bowser, face; Henry Shimer, leg. EIGHTY-EIGHTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company B: First Lieutenant Thomas F. W. Gillick, Privates Abram Weaver, Henry Millering. Company C: Corporals William T. Owens, Samuel H. Mick, Charles Walker. Company D: Privates Hugh T. Logan, William H. Davis. Company H: Private John Dan. Company I: First Sergeant Eugene Aleyford, Corporal Frederick M. Hollow. Company K: Privates John Roman, George Helm, John Peters. Wounded.-Company A: Captain George W. Smith, leg; Privates James

Page  214 214 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. B. Sutherland, thumb; Daniel G. Walty, hip; S. R. Gordon, foot. Company B: Privates Andrew Mory, right thigh; Theodore F. Kent, left foot. Company C: First Sergeant Henry C. Griffin, right wrist; Privates Clark 0. Mickvise, back; Louis Claremont, back; John Kelly, right shoulder; John Sheriden, shoulder; Thomas Hughes, face; J. S. Cunningham; Henry Mapes, left heel. Company D: Privates Chis. Brinkmar, right forefinger; William J. Campbell, arm; G. H. Myers, right leg; John Patterson, right side; M. McCasson, arm. Company E: Corporal Daniel Palmer, head and right thigh; Privates J. B. Fritz; Thomas Kehoe, left thigh; Archie Vanhauter, palm of hand. Company F: Sergeant Edwin C. Miller, shoulder; Corporal C. F. Hearig, hand; Privates Thomas Morris, hand; John F. Harper, back; David Shreeves, leg; Willard Elyea, arm; Julius Fessedie, thigh; Howard Gittings, thigh; William Woodruff, arm. Company G: Corporal Naden Cox; Privates Thomas Berdan, arm; William H. Cummings, head; C. F. Gerring, right thigh; Jacob Hanmick, arm; Abram Keldar, right hand; John McDonald, left elbow; William Melvin. Company H: First Sergeant Henry C. Bingham, neck; Privates W. H. Bullon, finger and leg; Andrew Allen, Alonzo A. Hyde. Company I: Privates Loder Fumer, head; James B. Hall, hand; Samuel Semblick, right thigh; Jacob Sigwall, Richard Vaucher. Company K: First Lieutenant H. C. McDonald, Corporal Andrew Cox. SEVENTY-THIRD ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-First Sergeant C. B. Mantle and Privates Ed. M. Shrake and James O'Neal, company A; Privates Norris Johns and Richard Robinson, company B; Privates John Dye and James H. Yoho, company C; Captain Edward Allsop, and Private W. B. Tipton, company F; James S. Price, company G; Privates David Lancaster and George Martin, company H; Corporal G. W. Dilman, company K. TVounded.-Major William A. Presson, side; Sergeant Major Henry Carter, left hand. Company A: First Lieutenant Ed. W. Bennett, leg; Corporal James A. Armstrong, right leg; Privates David C. Fletcher, right leg; S. C. Robins, left arm; W. H. Maxwell, shoulder; W. R. Constant, right hand; A. J. Perry, left shoulder; William Meredith, right shoulder; A. B. Hiath, left hip; D. -1. Bechtel, right hip; R. Montgomery, right breast; Jacob Ruppler, right arm; J. C. Chambers, right finger; C. B. McDonald, left arm. Company B: Privates Jacob Heildebrand, left shoulder; Calvin F. Randolph, hips; Martin Freeman, left arm; A. J. Reid, head; William B. McNicholas, hip. Company C: Private John J. Harstead, head. Company D: Privates Sam'l Richards, leg; Ed. Williamson, both hands; Samuel D. Gava, left shoulder; D. Clover, left hip; J. Conze, both legs. Company E: Lieutenant B. Presser, leg; Private George Pirce, right foot. Company F: Lieutenant William Barrick, right arm; Sergeant Harvey Long, foot; Privates William R. Martin, right breast; A. Montgomery, breast; Benjamin Pounds, leg; Ransom Kelsey,left leg; Isaac C. Coil, right hip; William Toberman, left hand; Benj. Hobbs, right leg; Charles Kelly, head; William Weaver, ankle. Company H: Corporal Thomas Wade, head; Privates Thomas Bradburn, left breast; Henry Bennett, hand; John J. Genler, hand and face; Richard Bickendyke, foot. Company I: Sergeant Elisha T. McComas, left knee; Privates George Landgive, left foot; J. W. Fisher, left hip; L. W. Emmons, left thigh; A. MI. Cassedy, left leg; J. M. Dewy, breast; H. M. Caughman, mouth; Hugh McLaughlin, back; Samuel D. Foster, foot. Company K: First Sergeant D. M. Davis, shoulder; Privates Henry Hinchcliff, both legs; Joseph Jarvis, left arm; Harrison Tamer, right thigh.

Page  215 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 215 FIFTEENTH MISSOURI REGIMENT. Killed.-Company C: Captain M. Zimmerman; Private Philip Hostetter. Company B: Second Lieutenant Tunceus. Company D: Diel. Company E: Second Lieutenant --- Bellner; First Sergeant Grandjean. Company F: Privates Freid Holloway, Henry Schnob, and Henry Feihrer. Company G: Mich. Hausler. Company K: Privates John Bowming, Schnaesser, and Christ. Gerber. Wounded.-Company A: Private Herman George, back. Company B: Captain Ernst, shoulder; Corporal John Baily, arm; Musician Theoph. Suter, thigh; Privates Gabriel First, back; and - Reber, head. Company C: Bugler George Addelmott, thigh; Privates John Operus, -- Speilman, shoulder; ---- Sedden, thigh; and Blanders. Company D: First Lieutenant Shroeder, breast. Company E: Privates Anton Lung, foot and arm; Nick. Decker, leg; M. Heicht, breast; John Roeth, leg; Speilberger, head. Company F: Second Lieutenant Molarhard, leg; First Sergeant Geischten, arm; Sergeant James Ratch, head; Privates Bemaner, head; Fred. Halslop, wounded and prisoner; Reiterman, and Miller, leg. Company G: Privates J. Battinghoffer, arm; Byer, thigh; Chris. Jung, Gottleib Debler, George Domberg, Henry Urich, George Hen, head; and Andrew Oth, hip. Company H: Winzing, leg; and - Barmdel, leg. Company I: Privates Julius Riel, calf; Victor Senn, eye; Simeon Brendle, foot. Company K: Second Lieutenant Jacob Lieb, head; Privates Andrew Myers, thigh; John Kneckenback, M. Kneckenback, John Kurtz, Philip Barker, and Steiner. TWENTY-SECOND ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Privates James Essington. Company E: Private Samuel McAdams. Company H: Private James Frazer. Company K: Private Nicholas Solesby. Wounded.-Company A: Sergeant Hobart Fink, ankle; Corporal S. Smith, arm; Privates John Ford, thigh; John Grob, knee; and Andrew Reeder, knee. Company E: Privates Jackson Green, arm; and James Alderman, side. Company HI: Private Audolph Jacobi, legs. Company K: Private Barney Cull, hand. THIRTY-SIXTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company A: Privates Henry Clasen and F. A. Burmaster. Company K: Private George Munsol. Wounded.-Company A: Private M. G. Townsend, thigh. Company B: Captain W. A. Blakesler, leg. Company C: Private J. F. Young, wrist. Company G: Privates Robert Brandt, leg; and William Gould, neck. Company K: Privates N. Sanders, thigh; James H. Hogan, hip; Joseph Leveran, hand; Lucien Bulton, ankle and knee; John Peterson, hip; John McCreeny, thigh. FORTY-SECOND ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company C: Private William E. Emery and Franklin. Wounded.-Company C: Captain James Lighton, face; Sergeant Jehud Hull, thigh; Privates George W. Hand, pelvis; C. Carcenus, thigh; F. C. Hook. foot; Alfred Ericcson, hip; Peter McConnel, face; and J. Bowen, leg. Company D: Private H. Shroyer, thigh. Company H: Private M. Sash, foot. FIFTY-FIRST ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Wounded. —Company B: David Beall, finger. Company D: Reuben Jefferson, leg; and Milton Kingston, leg. Company G: Samuel McFadden, hip.

Page  216 216 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Company K: Sergeant Charles Hill, scalp; Privates A. W. Duffey, shoulder; and Charles Peterson, arm. EIGHTY-EIGHTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. Killed.-Company B: Private Abram Wern. lWounded.-Company F: Privates E. A. Day, ankle; M. H. Watts, knee; and Levi D. Drake, foot. Company H: Captain George W. Smith, left leg. TWENTY-FOURTH WISCONSIN REGIMENT. Killed.-Company K: Private Henry Pluff. Wounded.-Company A: Lieutenant George Bleyer, leg. Company D: Private J. M. Jeffries, body and both hands. Company K: Private J. W. Powell, shoulder. FOURTH INDIANA BATTERY. Wounded.-Sergeant John Young, head; Privates Charles Howe, arm; and W. C. Kirk, thigh. HEADQUARTERS 1ST BRIGADE, 1ST DIVISION, RIGHT WING 14TH ARMY CORPS, In camp south of Murfreesboro', January 9, 1862. LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the 1st brigade in the late engagements resulting in the taking of Murfreesboro'. In compliance with the order of Brigadier General Davis, commanding division, we left camp, at St. James Chapel, at daylight on the 26th day of December, 1862, and marched in the direction of Nolensville, this brigade being in advance. We soon came upon the enemy's cavalry. Company B, 36th Illinois cavalry, under the direction of Captain Pease, of Brigadier General Davis's staff, occupied the road, and the 59th Illinois infantry was thrown out as skirmishers on each side of it. A lively skirmish was kept up until we reached Nolensville, when the enemy appeared in force and opened upon the brigade with artillery. The left of our line of battle rested upon the pike, the right occupying a hill commanding the town. Captain Pinney's 5th Wisconsin battery opened upon the enemy and drove them from the town. A large force of cavalry was seen moving to the right and dismounting with the evident intention of attacking our right and rear and dislodging us from the hill. The 22d regiment Indiana infantry was moved to the right to repel this attack, and Colonel Carlin's and Woodruff's brigades, deployed, by order of Brigadier General Davis, upon our right, soon came up, and the enemy were driven from their position and forced to withdraw their artillery. This brigade, on the left of the line of battle, moved forward up the pike leading to Triune-Pinney's battery being, on the pike, the 22d Indiana and the 74th Illinois on its right, and the 75th and 59th Illinois on its left. The enemy were posted in a position of great natural strength about two miles from Nolensville, on the right and left of the pike, with one section of artillery on and the remainder near the road. Pinney's battery, from a knoll to the left of the pike, opened at short range with all his guns, and this brigade, on the left of Colonel Carlin's, marched steadily forward, driving the enemy from the hill, where they were compelled to abandon one piece of artillery. This march had been made in a drenching rain, and the men, exhausted by their exertions upon the muddy road and the excitements of the day, bivouacked on the field, for the

Page  217 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 217 possession of which they had fought. The following day this brigade marched in rear of Colonel Carlin's nearly to Triune, it raining constantly and being very cold. December 29 we marched in rear of Colonel Woodruffs brigade, on the "Bole Jack," road, towards Murfreesboro'. About two miles from Overall's creek, by order of Brigadier General Davis, I deployed the brigade on the right of the road, and moved forward nearly to the creek, where we bivouacked in the rain without fires. In the morning of December 30 we marched across the fields on the right of the Wilkinson pike, the 74th and 75th regiments Illinois infantry deployed on the right of Colonel Carlin's brigade, and being the right of the entire army, the 59th regiments Illinois infantry in reserve to support the battery, and the 22d regiment Indiana infantry in a position to protect the right flank from the enemy's cavalry, which were continually hovering about and engaging the skirmishers. I directed Captain Sher, who, by order of Brigadier General Davis, reported to me with company B, 36th Illinois cavalry, to throw out skirmishers and march upon our right flank, where he repeatedly engaged and drove back the cavalry threatening our line. The skirmishing in front grew more brisk, and late in the afternoon the enemy were found in force, strongly posted, and opened upon us with artillery from our front and right, killing one and wounding several men. Captain Hale, acting as major of the 75th Illinois, and Lieutenant Hall, of my staff, each had a horse killed under them. General Kirk's brigade at this time moved into position upon our right. Captain Pinney's battery drove back the enemy from our front, and under cover of his fire our skirmishers were advanced to the open field, when night closed the contest. The men lay down without fires or shelter, and in the morning were awakened and standing in order of battle one hour before the first dawn of light. The battery horses stood at their pieces during the night ready for any emergency. As soon as it become light the enemy were discovered moving in great numbers towards our right and nearly parallel with our line, with the evident design of turning the right wing of the army. I immediately despatched Lieutenant Jones, of my staff, to inform Brigadier General Davis. The right of the brigade extended into a dense and almost impenetrable thicket of cedars, connecting there with the left of General Kirk's brigade, and in that direction nothing could be seen on account of the thicket. For more than half an hour the enemy's dark columns flowed towards our right where the volleys of musketry and their advancing cheers from that direction assured me that they had driven the brigades on our right from their position, and were already in our rear, and I accordingly changed front nearly perpendicularly. to the rear to meet them. The 74th Illinois, Colonel Jason Marsh, and the 75th Illinois, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel J. E. Bennett, were stationed behind a fence in the edge of the timber. By order of Brigadier General Davis several companies were added to our force of skirmishers, and under his direction Pinney's battery took position in a cornfield with the 59th Illinois infantry, commanded by Captain H. E. Payne, supporting it on the left. Perceiving that the enemy were still far beyond our right, I deployed my reserve regiment, the 22d Indiana, Colonel Gooding commanding, on the right of the battery. The 6th regiment Indiana infanty, having been separated from its brigade, was placed about four hundred paces in rear as a reserve. Captain Pinney opened upon the advancing line with all his guns, and when they came within range of his canister and the fire of the supporting regiment the execution was so great that the entire line recoiled before it, but after temporary confusion they were rallied and lay down. The enemy opened a battery upon the hill and advanced a second line. Captain Pinney's guns were splendidly handled, and great credit is due to

Page  218 218 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Lieutenants Humphreys, Gardner, and Mr. Knight, and to the men of the company for their promptness and skill. No shots were wasted over the heads of the enemy. For about thirty minutes this fierce contest continued, while the enemy on our right had advanced so as to again endanger our rear. As those in front rallied and charged upon the battery on the double quick, the 59th Illinois regiment fixed bayonets to receive them, but with the large force unopposed upon our right the position was already untenable, even though that in front were repulsed, and I ordered the battery withdrawn. Captain Pinney was dangerously, if not mortally, wounded. He fell and was left on the spot where he executed his most gallant deeds. Lieutenant Colonel Tanner, of the 22d Indiana, and many others seriously wounded, were left upon the field. Eighteen of the battery horses were disabled, and one gun in consequence could not be brought off. One Parrott gun had but two wounded horses before it. I ordered the 59th regiment to drag the guns to the rear. As the battery reached the Nashville pike it was charged upon by cavalry and partially captured, but they were quickly driven away by the 4th regiment regular cavalry, and crossing Overall's creek it took a position, under the direction of Lieutenant Hall, on a hill to the right of the Nashville pike, from which it repeatedly shelled, and drove back the enemy's cavalry endeavoring to take possession of the road. The 74th and 75th Illinois regiments fell back across the cotton-field, and under the direction of Lieutenant Jones, who also rallied a number of detachments from other regiments, made a determined resistance, again checking the foe. The fresh troops from the reserves here relieved the brigade, and I proceeded to the pike, reformed my shattered battalions, and supplied them with ammunition. I was soon ordered by Brigadier General Davis to move up the pike and take position on the right of the line, and here, exhausted, the men lay down for the night. The next morning I was ordered to occupy the open field to the left of the pike, where I caused a breastwork to be thrown up, the battery being in position to enfilade an enemy's lines attempting an attack. A strong force of skirmishers was thrown out, covering our front and right. The enemy opened a battery upon us, but after a few well-directed shells from Pinney's Parrott gun they ceased firing. During the following day the constant skirmishing was kept up on our front, and a number of prisoners were taken. Late in the afternoon we were ordered to cross Stone river. The stream was swollen from the heavy rains, but the entire brigade, hearing the volleys of musketry on the other side, plunged into it with cheers and debouched upon the field which was still being contended for, and, rapidly forming, hurried to the front. All that stormy night the men who had been previously soaked in fording the river stood by their arms without fires, the 22d Indiana and 75th Illinois busily engaged in constructing a breastwork. During the night our pickets, under charge of Major Dutcher, of the 74th Illinois, contested for the possession of the fields and woods in our front, and advanced a considerable distance. Substantial breastworks were completed during January 3 under a constant fire of sharpshooters, and at night, in a pouring rain, the men again lay upon their arms. At 2 o'clock the next morning the battery was ordered to recross the river, and at 4 o'clock, in a torrent of rain, the brigade forded the swollen stream and took its former position on the right, where it remained until January 6, when, passing through Murfreesboro', we encamped at this place. During the long contest, and notwithstanding the extreme inclemency of the weather and the scarcity of provisions, no word of complaint was heard. Officers and men seemed alike anxious to do their full duty as patriot soldiers. In our advance they pushed forward boldly, and when greatly superior numbers were hurled against them they awaited the onset with the utmost coolness and determination. The temporary confusion which occurred when they fell back was caused, to a considerable extent, by the large force of skirmishers thrown out to

Page  219 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 219 check the enemy, having been driven towards the left instead of directly upon their own regiments. The deliberation and order with which the 74th Illinois retired is especially commended. During the series of engagements the several regimental commanders displayed great persistence and resolution, and everywhere encouraged their men. Too much praise cannot be awarded to the dauntless and skilful Captain Pinney, whose characteristic conduct elicited compliment even from his foes. I herewith transmit the reports of the regimental and battery commanders, together with a full list of casualties. The gallant bearing of Captain Hale, of the 75th Illinois, who had chief command of the skirmishers; of Captain Litson, of the 22d Indiana, and of Sergeant P. S. Furguson, of company G, 59th Illinois, one of the skirmishers, is deserving of mention. Assistant Surgeon Corbus, of the 75th Illinois, and Assistant Surgeon Bunce, of the 59th Illinois, remained with and took care of our wounded while the fight was raging around them. The zeal and decision shown by Lieutenants Jones, Hall, Hatch, and Baker, members of my staff, and the intrepidity of my faithful orderly, George Fogle, demands my highest commendation. The names of the self-constituted messengers who carried to Nashville with such unparalleled celerity the tidings of the battle of December 31 have already been forwarded. In the hour of trial showing themselves false as the news they manufactured and disseminated, their infamy only makes more bright by contrast the imperishable record of those who nobly struggled or bravely fell in that unequal contest. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, P. SIDNEY POST, Colonel Commanding 1st Brigade. Lieutenant T. W.'MORRISON, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 1st Division. List of casualties in the first brigade, first division, right wing, fourteenth army corps, in the engagements before Murfieesboro'. lT'enty-second regiment Indiana infantry, (Colonel Gooding.) Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Tanner, severely wounded and a prisoner. Company A, (Second Lieutenant John Gooding.)-Wounded: Corporal Thomas Bliten, severely in thigh; Privates John Brooks, severely in back; Thomas Myrar, slightly in left arm; William Putz, slightly in left arm. Company B, (First Lieutenant A. D. Sawyer.)-Wounded: Second Lieutenant W. H. Inland, slightly in left leg; Privates G. W. Boas, slightly in left leg; Thomas Thompson, severely in left leg and arm. Company C, (Captain W. H. Taggard.)-Wounded: Corporal William Seal, severely in left thigh; Privates Josephus Smith, slightly in left leg and face; David A. Whitehorn, slightly in right leg. Prisoner: William Hobbs. Company D, (Second Lieutenant Patrick Carney.)-Wounded: Privates George W. Morris, slightly in left ankle; Alfred Coffman, slightly in left hand. Missing: Corporal George Bard; Privates Elerius Barwill, Walter Harrison, and Calvin Ogle. Company E, (Captain W. H. Snodgrass.)-Killed: Sergeant Patrick Madden and Private Samuel W. Leap. Wounded: Privates Thomas A. Wilson, severely in right thigh; William H. Davis, slightly in thumb; Levi Kelso, severely in right hand; Henry W. Bard, slightly in left hand; William Thompson, severely in right foot; Josiah W. Snyder, severely in left shoulder. Missing: Frederick Holt, James Cain, and Henry Jordan.

Page  220 220 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Company F, (Captain E. H. Stepleton.)-Wounded: Second Lieutenant William T. Briggs, slightly in left thigh; Private Ruel W. Fugit, severely in left hand. Missing: Abraham Holcraft, Delaney W. Fague, and William Vandusen. Company G, (Sergeant A. J. Moss.)-Killed: Private Bernard Kelly. Wounded: Corporal George Ball, slightly in arm; Privates George Thoymer, dangerously; Robert Belligrew, slightly in leg. Company H, (Captain William Powers.)-Killed: Privates John Summerville, Levi Balwin, and John Clark. Wounded: Captain William Powers, slightly in leg and ankle; Sergeant William Ewood, slightly in ankle; Corporals Jasper Ross, severely in foot; Albert Close, slightly in elbow; Privates Levi W. Brandt, slightly in left breast; Wesley Rutherford, slightly in hand; John Patrick, severely in thigh; William Chappel, slightly' in leg; Allen Fuller, severely in wrist. Missing: Sergeant John Moore, Privates William Rude and Washington Hogg. Company I, (Second Lieutenant R. V. Marshall.)-Wounded: Corporal James A. Bell, severely in left ankle; Privates John Miller, severely in arm; James F. Martin, slightly in shoulder. Missing: Corporal Wilson S. Dean. Company K, (Captain R. H. Litson.)-Killed: Private Conrad Coon. Wouhded: Captain R. H. Litson, severely in knee. Missing: Privates Thomas Horsman, John Horton, James O'Neal, and John Prentice. Recapitulation. Commissioned officers wounded.................................. 5 Enlisted men wounded......................................... 39 Enlisted men killed............................................ 7 Enlisted men -missing.......................................... 18 Total killed, wounded, and misssing........................ 64 Fifty-ninth regiment illinois infantry, (Captain H. E. Paine.) Acting Adjutant Second Lieutenant Heslip Phillips, missing; Quartermaster Frederick Brashear, (supposed prisoner;) Commissary Sergeant Thomas Melvin, (supposed prisoner;) Sergeant Major John Ford Smith, (supposed prisoner.) Company A, (Second Lieutenant D. M. Baily.)-Captain Clayton Hale, (supposed prisoner.) Wounded: Privates Graham Martin, severely in left side; John Glendon, slightly in shoulder; Joseph N. Byron, slightly in thigh; Thomas J. Hooper, severely and missing. Missing: Corporal Richard Allen; Privates Nathan B. Westbrook, Andrew Ryan. Prisoner: Private Joel B. Godfrey. Company B, (Lieutenant James Johnson.)-Wounded: Corporal Joseph R. Dennis, severely and missing; Private Wesley B. Adams, slightly. Company C, (Lieutenant D. M. Henderson.)-Killed: Privates James H. Sheets, Henry Barnum. Wounded: Joel Hyatt, James Elidge, Jasper Hutchison, Marshal R. Purdam, George Herr, John Cheeley, (slightly,) Henry Dabbs, (slightly,) Samuel J. Jacobs, (slightly.) Company 1), (Captain 0. W. Frazier.)-Killed: Sergeant John J. Kathan; Private Andrew J. Watts. Wounded: Privates Charles B. Hinnason, slightly, in hand; Joseph Walter, slightly in head; Henry Diedrich, slightly in abdomen; Corporals John Egan, slightly, missing; Andrew Sacket, slightly missing; Private Huchison Macauley, severely, missing; Corporal John Goos, missing. Prisoners: Privates George A. Brewer, Samuel W. Beard, Charles N. Brown, Jesse Hedrick, James Peterkin, Peter Spohn. Company E, (Lieutenant J. H. Knight.)-Wounded: Corporal Chesley Allen, slightly in breast; Privates William Bostwick, slightly in hand; Frederick

Page  221 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 221 Oderdorph, slightly in head; Herman Smink, slightly in hand; George Semer, slightly in hand; John Shult, slightly in hip; Nehemiah C. Braun, severely, missing; Charles A. McNabb, missing. Company F, (Lieutenant Reuben Maddox.)-Killed: Private Jacob A. Houser. Wounded: Privates Jacob Flint, slightly; John A. P. Kelly, slightly; Corporal Thomas J. Slusser, severely, missing; Privates James Slusser, severely, missing; Levi H. Sharp, slightly, missing. Prisoners: Corporals Wesley Kitchen, Tilghman H. Jones. Company G, (Captain G. S. Hackney.)-Killed: Sergeant Alfred C. Barber; Corporal Reuben A. Cumings. Missing: Privates Felix Morris, Davidson May. Prisoners: Sergeant William W. Oakes; Private Henry F. McLining; Musician George R. Strickland. Company H, (Lieutenant H. Wiley.)-Wounded: Corporals George M. Sparks, Alexander C. Pepper; Privates Jesse Adams, Patrick Reynolds, Ford White, Albert B. Latta. Missing: Obediah McNanny. Company I, (Lieutenant James Johnson.)-Wounded: Private Richard Ferden. Missing: Private Samuel Fisherman. Prisoner: Henry Newwus. Company K, (First Lieutenant John M. Van Osder.)-Wounded: Corporal Addis Downing; Privates Robert Drake, William Kyse, Marcus S. Rue, missing. Prisoners: Corporal Lewis Roloson, Private Patrick Powers. Recapitulation. Enlisted men wounded............................................ 43 Enlisted men killed........................... 7 M issing................................................. 10 Prisoners............................. 20 Total killed, wounded, and missing......................... 80 Seventy-fourth regiment 7llinois infantry, (Colonel Jason Marsh.) Company A, (First Lieutenant Josiah W. Leffingwell.)-Killed: Corporal William Urkhart. Wounded: Sergeants J. S. Cowen, slightly in thigh; William Leffingwell, severely in leg; Corporal W. H. Hitchcock, severely in shoulder and side; Privates E. Parkhurst, severely in shoulder and face; S. Riddle, slightly in leg; H. Heesler, slightly in arm. Missing: Privates W. W. Wattles, J. D. Cherry, D. Dobsen, D. Benjamin, S. Smith, C. Raffee, C. A. Streeter, and J. Vance. Company B, (Captain D. O. Buttolph.)-Wounded: Privates F. Flinn, C. M. Stevens, S. M. Kelley, and C. W. Corwin. Company C, (Second Lieutenant John F. Squire.)-Wounded: Sergeant B. A. Champlain, slightly; Private W. A. Millen, slightly. Missing: Privates H. L. Wooley and S. R. Stevenson. Company D, (Captain Jonathan H. Douglass.)-Wounded: Private George C. Shermorhorn, slightly in knee. Missing: Privates David Pryse and George W. Bliss. Company E, (First Lieutenant Alpheus Blakesley.)-Wounded: Private W. Weaver, slightly in hand. Missing: Sergeant W. E. Lippet, Corporal H. F. Covey, and Privates W. Rodgers, R. Banks, N. Clothier, J. Shaw, M. Jarvis, M. Brown, and William Craig. Company F, (Captain Henry C. Parker.)-Wounded: Sergeant H. Heagle, seriously in leg; Privates W. O. Jackless, seriously in right shoulder; R. Lagrange, slightly in arm. Missing: Privates W. Garber, L. Lowe, H. Olrain, L. Sanders, B. Buffington, F. Jones, and M. Fitzgerald. Company G, (Captain Browman W. Baun.)-Killed: Corporal W. Baieren,

Page  222 222 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Private F. Pichmyer. Wounded: Corporal J. Wartmiller, Privates A. Westbrook and G. Spraker. Missing: Sergeant J. F. Hawthorn, Privates J. J. Campbell, E. McMobbin, J. D. Moor, G. Petrie, H. Wade, and J. Edmond. Company H, (Captain Thomas J. Bryan.)-Killed: Sergeant H. S. Post and Private A. J. Butterfield. Wounded: Sergeant - Hurlburt, in leg; Privates A. W. Brown, seriously in right side; Z. Rice, slightly in foot; M. Sarver, seriously in hip; S. Thayer, slightly in leg; C. Hins, in hand; J. H. Canos, in leg, missing. Missing: Privates T. H. Chambers and M. Rawley. Company I, (Captain William Irvine.)-Wounded: Corporal C. Hunt and Private S. Jenoine. Missing: Privates J. Andrew and G. Inglet. Company K, (Captain Butler Ward.)-Killed: Sergeant R. R. Garlick, Corporal M. C. Hulmly, and Private W. Parmler. Wounded: Captain B. Ward, in head and breast; Corporals T. W. Sheratt, in head; J. B. Caspers, in side; Privates F. Caswell, in leg and arm; J. P. Vale, in arm; A. Anderson, seriously. Missing: A. M. Ondner and J. Thorson. Recapitulation. Commissioned officers wounded..................................... 1 Enlisted men wounded.....3.................. 34 Enlisted men killed..................................... 8 Missing...................................................... 42 Total killed, wounded, and missing......................... 85 Seventy-fifth regiment Illinois infantry, (Lieutenant Colonel J. E. Burnett.) Company A, (Second Lieutenant William Parker.)-Wounded: Private Adoneram J. Collins, slightly in hip. Missing: Privates Frederick A. Clark, Michael McDonald, William S. Peacock, James Yarrow, and Enoch Pinkerton. Company B, (Sergeant Elisha Bull.)-Wounded: Sergeant Chauncey B. Hubbard, seriously in leg. Missing: Privates Gaylord Jennigs and Levi Dunner. Company C, (First Lieutenant George R. Shaw.)-Killed: Private Washington Wood. Wounded: Privates George W. Fuller, slightly in right arm; Hiram Brown, slightly. Prisoner: Joseph Wagley. Company D, (Captain A. McMoore.)-Missing: Captain A. McMoore, Corporals Benjamin Congonour, Julius A. Ballow, Privates Aurand Aurns, Harvey Mahan, Shelton S. Osborn, Silas Richardson, and John Goodel. Company E, (Captain William S. Frost.)-Wounded: Second Lieutenant James H. Blodget, in hip, prisoner. Missing: Sergeants Henry Hill and Agnella S. Christopher, and Private Dennis Carroll Prisoner. John Morrill. Company F, (Captain Addison Storey.)-Wounded: Corporal Elisha F. Furtillot, severely in left leg; Private Samuel Shore, slightly in side. Missing: Corporal Washington Niver, Privates Joseph Carr, John C. Herman, Arthur McGinnis, ILa Corbey, Aaron O'Neil, and Musician James B. Ayres. Company G, (First Lieutenant David Sandford.)-Wounded: Corporal Edwin J. Larry, seriously in leg; Privates Addison A. Heckhart, slightly in hand; John C. Kaiser, in back. Missing: Cornelius Comans, Lyman Webster, and Michael Mungan. Company H, (First Sergeant Frank Bingham.)-Wounded: Privates Jos. Haubrick, slightly; James Moorehead, slightly, prisoner. Missing: Second Lieutenant Abner R. Hurless, Sergeant Seth Hawkins, Corporals Oliver Osborn, Frederick Mitchell, James Haley, John Wood, Privates Jacob Funt, Patrick Maley, Simon Regner, Charles Thorp, Ulrich Folstead, John Yeager. Prisoner: Edward Bates. Company I, (Second Sergeant Augustus Johnson.) —Wounded: Privates Orland Orcutt, slightly; Augustus Quade, in neck; James Collins, seriously in leg;

Page  223 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS 223 William Hampton, slightly in hip. Missing: Privates Harrison Butcher, James McBride, Gilbert W. Jennings, Edmond Rainlow. Prisoners: Privates James n. Wyth and William Quade. Company K, (First Lieutenant William II. Thompson.)-Killed: Private Sidney Merriman. Wounded: Sergeant Barkley Barrett, slightly in hand; Corporal Walter Simon, slightly in hand; Privates John Unger, slightly in hand; Fletcher Vickey, slightly in hand. Missing: Corporals Ebon Backus, George Danner, Privates Frederick Donner, Thomas Steele, John Woodburn, Frederick Mason, William Miller, Edward Prentice, and Jonathan Hide. Recapitulation. Commissioned officers wounded..................................... 2 Enlisted men wounded................................ 19 Enlisted men killed.-.........-...............-.................- 2 Missing.........-...-............-.........-...-...... —.- 53 Prisoners....................................................... 6 Total killed, wounded, and missing........................... 82 Fffti Wisconsin battery, (Captain 0. F. Pinney.) Killed.-Private Charles Adair. TTounded.-Captain 0. F. Pinney, severely in thigh; Sergeant Elijah Booth, slightly in thigh; Privates David Wilty, severely in back; Josiah C. Forbes, in head and arm; Michael Ward, slightly in side; Martin Campbell, severely in side. Missing.-Privates John G. Thomas, William Wilty, Charles A. South, and James Stewart. Prisoners.-Privates William Dunn and John C. Smith. Recapitulation. Commissioned officers wounded..................................... 1 Enlisted men wounded............................................ 5 M issing............................. 4 K illed..............-.......-............-.....-................ Prisoners..................................................... 2 Total killed, wounded, and missing......................... 13 Recapitulation. Enlisted men. Regiments. 22d regiment Indiana infantry. ------- 5 7 34 18. 64 59th regiment Illinois infantry.. —- 7 43 10 20 80 74th regiment Illinois infantry.. -- -. -- 1 8 34 42 85 75th regiment Illinois infantry ------- 2 2 19 53 6 82 5th Wisconsin battery — 1 1 5 4 2 13 Total- 9 25 135 127 28 324

Page  224 224 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS 2D BRIGADE, 1ST DIVISION, RIGHT WING, 14TH ARMY CORPS, January 6, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this brigade since leaving Knob Gap, near Nolensville, December 27, 1862. The brigade took up the line of march on the morning of the 27th, in a heavy rain, in the direction of Triune, bivouacking within one mile of that place, where it remained during the 28th, moving on the morning of the 29th in the direction of Murfreesboro.' That night we bivouacked on Blackman's farm, 41 miles west of that town. Early on the morning of the 30th we crossed Overall's creek, on the right of the Wilkinson pike, and took up our position in a heavy wood south of the Asa Grissom's house. At 2 o'clock p. m. I was ordered to advance, passed through a cornfield, entering another heavy wood, where my skirmishers first met those of the enemy. Before making this advance, Brigadier General Davis, commanding division, informed me that my brigade was to direct the movements of the division, and that Colonels Post and Woodruff, commanding, respectively, the 1st and 3d brigades, were ordered to keep on a line with me. My skirmishers, under Lieutenant Colonel McKee, 15th Wisconsin volunteers, continued to drive those of the enemy through the wood for about one-fourth of a mile, when I halted and sent a request to Colonels Post and Woodruff to keep pace with my advance. At this point my skirmishers, having suffered severely, were withdrawn, and my battery (2d Minnesota, Captain W. A. Hotchkiss,) opened on the enemy with canister and spherical case, inflicting serious damage. I then threw forward another line of skirmishers, under Lieutenant Colonel McMakin, 21st Illinois volunteers, which advanced so slowly that my front line of battle soon closed upon it, driving in, however, the skirmishers of the enemy. My first line of battle was now within one hundred and eighty (180) yards of the enemy's line, at the house of Mrs. William Smith. At this point a battery about one hundred (100) yards west of the house opened with canister upon the 21st Illinois volunteers, and another on the east of the house, two hundred and fifty (250) yards distant, on the 15th Wisconsin volunteers, killing and wounding a number of my men. Here it was my intention to halt until the 1st and 3d brigades should come up on my right and left, respectively; but Colonel J. W. S. Alexander, commanding 21st Illinois volunteers, without instructions from me, ordered his regiment to charge on the battery in his front. His command was moving with a shout at the double-quick step, within eighty (80) yards of the battery, already abandoned by its cannoneers, when a very heavy fire was opened upon it by infantry, which lay concealed behind fences and outhouses, on the right and left of the battery. This fire killed and wounded a large number of the 21st Illinois volunteers, and threw the left companies into some disorder, when the regiment was halted and formed on the right of the 15th Wisconsin volunteers. The fight was now fairly opened and continued vigorously until night by the front line of my infantry and the battery which had been placed between the two regiments. The batteries in our front were soon silenced, but another was then opened on my right flank, distant about five hundred (500) yards, which completely enfiladed my lines and considerably injured us, but this, too, was driven out of sight by Captain Hotchkiss, after a vigorous and well-directed fire. Again I sent a request to Colonels Post and Woodruff to come up, but they continued to remain in rear of my lines. I maintained my position during the night, having at dark relieved my front line by the 38th Illinois volunteers and ]01st Ohio volunteers. My loss during this day, in killed, wounded, and missing, was about one hundred and seventy five (175) officers and men. Before daylight on the morning of the 31st December, perceiving indications of an advance by the enemy, I

Page  225 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 225 retired my battery about (200) two hundred yards. At daylight the enemy advanced. Seeing that the troops on the right and left of my line would not come up, I fell back with my infantry, on a line with my battery, and made a stand, the 21st Illinois volunteers about (200) two hundred yards to the rear, and on the right of 101st Ohio volunteers; the 15th Wisconsin volunteers were posted in the rocks in front of my battery, and the 38th Illinois volunteers on the left of the 101st Ohio volunteers. My men were falling rapidly on the front line, and wishing to increase the fire on the enemy, I sent an order to Colonel Alexander to advance and form on the right of the 101st Ohio volunteers, and to Colonel Heg, 15th Wisconsin volunteers, to form on the left of the 38th Illinois volunteers, and to my battery to retire. To my surprise I received in reply from Colonel Alexander, that he was already so hotly engaged that he could not come forward. The startling intelligence was also at this moment communicated to me, by one of my orderlies, that all our forces on our right had left the ground. Immediately afterwards a heavy fire of musketry and artillery from the enemy, from my right flank and rear, unmistakably announced that I was also attacked from that direction. On my left Woodruffs brigade had left the ground. My command was thus exposed to fire from all points, excepting the left of my rear. When too late to retire in good order, I found that I was overpowered, and but a moment was wanting to place my brigade in the hands of the foe. I decided to retreat by the left flank, when my horse was shot under me and I myself struck, and all my staff and orderlies dismounted or otherwise engaged, which prevented me from communicating the order to the regimental commanders. The rear line, then consisting of the 21st Illinois volunteers, was the first to withdraw, by the order of Lieutenant Colonel McMahin, then commanding, Colonel Alexander having been wounded. Colonel Stern and Lieutenant Colonel Wooster, of the 101st Ohio volunteers, having been shot down, and the ranks of that regiment dreadfully thinned by the fire of the enemy, it gave way and retreated. The 38th Illinois volunteers held its position until the enemy was within a few steps, and then retired. This regiment would have suffered far more severely in its retreat had not a heavy fire from the 15th Wisconsin volunteers, judiciously posted by Colonel Heg, to its left and rear, kept the enemy in check until it had left the wood and partially reformed along the fence, on the right of the 15th Wisconsin volunteers, where an effective fire was kept up, holding the enemy at bay. This only gave the foe on our right and left the more time to envelop us. All that now remained of my brigade crossed two open fields and entered a wood about (200) two hundred yards east of Grissom's house. The regiments were painfully reduced in numbers, but I formed a line at this point and several volleys of musketry and artillery were fired with destructive effect upon the ranks of the enemy; but the foe was still on our right at Grissom's house, with none of our forces at that point to oppose them, and being informed that General Davis had ordered a still further withdrawal, I retired my command about a half mile to our rear and again endeavored to rally the men, but it was evident that they were so utterly discouraged that no substantial good could result, while no supports were in sight. At another point about half a mile further to our rear I rallied all who could be found, and took a strong position in the edge of a cedar grove, holding it until the enemy came up, when my men fired one volley and broke without orders. I conducted them to the rear, passing through the lines of our reserve,s and halted at the railroad, where we remained during the afternoon collecting our stattered men. During the two days' fight the loss of officers was so great that some companies had not one to command them, and others not even a sergeant. Our regimental colors were all borne off the field flying, though four (4) color-bearers in succession, of the 21st Illinois volunteers, were shot down, and Ex. Doe. 2 15

Page  226 226 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. two (2) of the color guard 38th Illinois volunteers, three (3) of the color guard 15th Wisconsin volunteers, and four (4) of the color guard 101st Ohio volunteers, fell. Our artillery was all brought off in safety. I have to report the loss of many officers who were ornaments to our army, and who will be mourned by all who knew them. Colonel L. Stern, 101st Ohio volunteers, Lieutenant Colonel David McKee, 15th Wisconsin volunteers, and Lieutenant Colonel M. F. Wooster, 101st Ohio volunteers, were unsurpassed in all the qualities that make up the brave soldier, the true gentleman, and the pure patriot. Captain James P. Meade, 38th Illinois volunteers, fell, shot three times, while bravely fighting the enemy with his revolver after his regiment had retired. Lieutenant John L. Dillen, 38th Illinois volunteers, commanding company E, fought with a musket until he was shot once, when he drew his sword and cheered on his men till he fell dead. Other instances of equal gallantry were observed in the other regiments, but to recount all would give my report an undue length. The long, sad list of killed and wounded forms the truest eulogium on the conduct of the troops composing this brigade, and it is by that list I wish it to be judged. Of the ten field officers in the regiments, three were killed and two wounded. Seven horses were shot under the regimental field and staff officers. Of my orderlies, Private Pease, company B, 36th Illinois volunteers, had his horse shot under him while carrying my orders. Private Knox, same company, also had his horse shot under him, and while endeavoring to procure another horse for me, was wounded by a grape shot, and again by a Minie ball; and Corporal Hart, 38th Illinois volunteers, was stunned and disabled by a cannon ball. I deem it my duty to call the special attention of the general commanding the 14th army corps to Colonel John W. S. Alexander, 21st Illinois volunteers, and Colonel Hans C. Heg, 15th Wisconsin volunteers. While every field officer under my command did his duty faithfully, Colonels Alexander and Heg, in my opinion, proved themselves the bravest of the brave. Had such men as these been in command of some of our brigades, we should have been spared the shame of witnessing the rout. of our troops and the disgraceful panic, encouraged, at least, by the example and advice of officers high in command. Lieutenant Colonel D. H. Gilmer, commanding 38th Illinois volunteers, was always at his post, and attended to his duty. Major Isaac M. Kirby, 101st Ohio volunteers, took command of the regiment after the fall of the brave Colonels Stern and Wooster, and conducted it to the rear, reduced to about one hundred (100) men. Captain W. A. Hotchkiss, commanding 2d Minnesota battery, with all his officers and men, deserve credit for their gallantry in the fight, and energy in preventing the loss of the battery. Among the staff officers of this army who made themselves useful in rallying the scattered men, Dr. L. F. Russell, 2d Minnesota battery; Lieutenant S. M. Jones, 59th Illinois volunteers; Captain Thurston, aide-de-camp to Major General McCook; and Chaplain Wilkins, 21st Illinois volunteers, came especially under my observation. On the night of the 31st December this brigade was ordered to take up its position near the Nashville pike, four miles from Murfreesboro'. January 1, 1863, slight skirmishing with the enemy continued during the day, in which we killed several, capturing thirteen prisoners, and paroling eleven others wounded. At 3.30 o'clock p. m., January 2, while hard fighting was progressing on our left, I received orders from General Rosecrans to report to him in person. He directed me to "take my command to the left, form it in two lines, and, should I find our forces repulsed by the enemy, to allow our men to pass through my lines, and on the approach of the enemy, give a whoop and a yell and go at'em." With a brigade which, in three days' h rd fighting, had been reduced from two thousand to seven hundred, and greatly discouraged, I felt serious apprehension that I would not be able to fulfil the expectations of the general, and, to prepare him for such a result, I informed him of the con

Page  227 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 227 dition of my brigade. He said: "Tell them they must do it for us and for the country." I told him I would do my best. My men fell into ranks with the utmost alacrity, and marched to the scene of the conflict, a great portion of the way on the double-quick, crossing Stone river at a ford. All apprehensions that I had previously entertained now vanished. I felt confident that they would not only charge the enemy, but would repulse them. Before reaching the ground designated, however, I learned that the enemy had already been driven back in confusion. I continued my march, and, under the direction of Brigadier General Davis, placed my command in the advance, relieving the command of Colonel Hazen. It was now dark. We maintained our ground till the morning of January 4, when we returned to our position on the right. My loss in killed, wounded, and missing in the engagement at "Knob Gap," near Nolensville, December 26, and the battles of the 30th and 31st December, 1862, and in front of the enemy east of Stone river, January 2, and 3, 1863, is as follows, viz: KILLED. WOUNDED. MISSING. Regiment or corps.. Officers Men. Officers. Men Officers Men. Total. 21st Illinois volunteers... 2 55 7 180...... 59 303 15th Wisconsin volunteers, 2 13 5 65 1 33 119 101st Ohio volunteers.-.. 4 19 2 121...... 66 212 38th Illinois volunteers... 2 32 5 104...... 34 177 2d Minnesota battery.......... 3 1 5...... 10 Total........... 10 122 20 475 1 193 821 I cannot close this report without expressing my obligations to the following named officers of my staff for their zeal, fidelity, and courage in all the severe engagements embraced in this report, viz: Captain S. P. Voris, 38th Illinois volunteers, acting assistant adjutant general; Captain W. C. Harris, 38th Illinois volunteers; Lieutenant Albert Woodbury, 2d Minnesota battery; and Lieutenant Walter E. Carlin, 38th Illinois volunteers; also to my faithful orderlies, Pease, Knox, Asrick, and Hael. Private Alex. C. Hosmer, 101st Ohio volunteers, my clerk, though not required to go into the battle, was constantly at my side to carry my orders. Regimental reports and lists of casualties are herewith enclosed; also a report of the engagement at "Knob Gap," near Nolensville, December 26, 1862. A topographical sketch, showing the ground passed over, and positions occupied by this brigade on the 30th and 31st December, 1862, is herewith enclosed. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, WM. P. CARLIN, Colonel 3Sth Illinois Volunteers, Commanding. Lieutenant P. W. MORRISON, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

Page  228 228 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS 3D BRIGADE, 1ST DIVISION, Right Wing 14th Corps, January 5, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report the operations of the 3d brigade, 1st division of the right wing, in the five days' battle before Murfreesboro'. This brigade having held the advanced position on Overall's creek in the afternoon and night of Monday, December 29, was the base of formation for the line of battle on Tuesday morning. At an early hour on the morning of the 30th I received instructions that we would move forward in line of battle. I was directed to join my left with Brigadier General Sill's brigade, holding the right of the 2d division under Brigadier General Sheridan, and that Colonel Carlin, commanding the 2d brigade of the 1st division, would connect his line with my right. This brigade was accordingly formed in two lines, the 35th Illinois regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Chandler, on the right; the 25th Illinois regiment, Colonel T. D. Williams commanding, on the left, in the first line of battle; and the 81st Indiana regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Timberlake, in the second line in reserve, the extreme left on the right of turnpike; the 8th Wisconsin battery, of four guns, Captain Carpenter commanding, being placed in the interval between Brigadier General Sill's right and my left. my front was curtained with two companies of skirmishers detailed from the 25th and 35th Illinois regiments, under the command and immediate supervision of Major Macllvain, of the 35th Illinois regiment. The commands to my right and left were formed in the same manner. We moved forward on the morning of Tuesday, the 30th, at about 10 o'clock, and halted on the edge of a large cotton-field immediately in front of a wood running parallel with the turnpike, our lines facing Murfreesboro', which was in a southeast direction. This was about 11 o'clock a. m. No enemy being visible in our front, I caused a few shells to be thrown into the woods beyond, but met no response. The topography of the country in this line and in my front was a cotton-field, which we then occupied, at the further end of which was a belt or strip of timber, ending at a cornfield on my left and front, and immediately in front of Brigadier General Sill's right. This cornfield extended to a narrow, heavily timbered wood bordered by a rail fence. Beyond this timber was a cornfield receding towards a ravine terminated by a bluff wood bank, along the foot of which, in the ravine, was the enemy's line of battle, with its supports and artillery on the elevation.-(See plate.) We remained in position until about 3 o'clock p. m., when my skirmishers were ordered forward to occupy the belt of timber, which they did. Major MacIlvain, who was in command, reported to me that the enemy's skirmishers were in the furthest wood to our front and left, and desired me to send him a further support of one company, which was sent him, with orders to press their skirmishers back. The skirmishing soon commenced briskly, and my brigade was ordered to advance, which it did in admirable order, and was halted in the first belt of timber. Desiring to know the position of the enemy's line and the situation of their skirmishers, I proceeded to the line of skirmishers to assist in directing their movements and urge them on, and having given them directions in person, returned to my command to be ready to move forward to their support. The wood was so thick and brushy on my right, that it was difficult to see further than the left of the 2d brigade; but as I discovered it advancing, we moved forward also, to protect its flank. Sheridan's division had halted some one hundred yards in rear of my brigade, his line of skirmishers joining my line of battle. At this juncture my skirmishers commenced falling back rapidly, and I endeavored to get the officer in command of those of Sheridan's division to advance to their support, as those of my brigade had not only driven the enemy from my front but General Sill's also; but as he had no orders to move forward, he refused. The emergency being imminent, Colonel Williams was ordered to de

Page  229 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 229 tach the left company of his regiment, and deploy it forward as skirmishers, to relieve or strengthen those engaged as circumstances might require, while the brigade was advanced to support them. The command passed forward in splendid order, and soon became hotly engaged, and drove the enemy back through the woods and cornfield in their own lines. As we were now far in advance of any support upon the left, I deemed it advisable to halt and wait for them to come up, and therefore took position in rear of the rail fence, my right nearly at right angles to my line of battle, thereby obtaining an oblique as well as direct fire; but the space to be occupied by this brigade was so great that the 81st Indiana regiment was ordered up to complete my line, thereby leaving me no reserves. The battery was placed in the angle of the fence to protect my right and front. Shortly after taking this position, Brigadier General Sill joined me on the left. We remained in position, receiving a heavy fire and occasionally replying with shell, until towards night, when the enemy opened a heavy artillery fire apparently on the right of Colonel Carlin's brigade. This discovering their battery, and mine being in good range and position to enfilade theirs, Captain Carpenter was ordered to silence their battery, which he did in handsome style in about five minutes. An attack of infantry was then made from the same point on Colonel Carlin, and as their lines presented the same advantage, Captain Carpenter again opened fire with such terrific effect that their yells of pain, terror, and anguish, as our shells exploded in their dense ranks, could be distinctly heard where we stood. So well was the battery served that their attack ceased, and darkness closed the conflict. We slept on our arms without fires, prepared for the battle which we well knew would open on the morrow. During the night we discovered what appeared to me to be a continued movement of troops, which led me to believe that the enemy were massing troops on our right, which information I had the honor to report to my immediate superior, Brigadier General Davis. As soon as day dawned I examined the line of battle, and, as I had no supports, placed three (3) pieces in battery on my left, and pointed out to Brigadier General Sill the weakness of the line at this point, and requested him to order up some regiments of his brigade, held in reserve, to strengthen his right and protect my left, feeling certain that the enemy meditated an attack, and that it would be made at that place. He agreed with me, and immediately ordered up two regiments, who remained there but a short time, and then resumed their former positions as reserves. Deeming the knowledge of this fact of paramount importance, I despatched a staff officer to Brigadier General Davis to give him the information. Afterwards the general informed me that I must hold the position as best I could, for he had no supports to send me. Almost simultaneously with the withdrawal of the reserves ordered up by Brigadier General Sill, the enemy made their attack in five (5) heavy lines, and we were immediately engaged. Captain Carpenter's battery opened with terrific effect with grape and canister, and they were mowed down as grass beneath the sickle, while the infantry poured in a well-directed and very destructive fire. Sheltered by the rail fence, they were partially protected, and fired with the coolness of veterans. As soon as the battle became general the 24th Wisconsin, which joined my left, gave way, leaving my battery and left flank exposed to an enfilading fire. I finally succeeded in rallying them as a reserve. At this moment the right of Brigadier General Sill's brigade commenced to swing to the rear, and Colonel Carlin's was discovered falling steadily back. I then received orders to take position to the rear some 300 yards, in the belt of timber. I informed the staff officer who brought the order that we could maintain our position if supported. He said the order was peremptory, and I hastened to execute it, but not until I was flanked both on the right and left. The brigade moved to the rear in good order, and halted on the new line; but the right and

Page  230 230 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. left continuing the march, and being severely pressed, we made a vigorous charge and drove the enemy back in our front, and, strange to say, not only carried our point, but swung the enemy's lines upon right and left with it. Had we been supported here, they would have been routed; as it was, we regained our position occupied when the battle opened, but could hold it but a moment, when we were forced to yield to superior numbers, and steadily fell back to the ground from which the charge was first made. From this point we charged a second time, compelling the enemy to yield ground, but our ammunition beginning to fail, and no wagons to be found from which to replenish the stock, the brigade was ordered to hold its position as best it could, and if pressed too hard to fall steadily back until the battery could be got into position to protect their movement across the cotton-field. I placed the battery in position, and gave the officer in command, Sergeant German, directions where to fire, pointing out to him the position of the brigade, and what he was required to do. The ammunition of the regiments now entirely failing, and a perfect rout appearing to have taken place, the brigade fell back to the ground occupied by them on the morning of Tuesday. At this time the whole wing was in the utmost confusion, and I used every endeavor to rally and organize them, but without avail. There seemed to be no fear, no panic, but a stolid indifference unacountable. Officers and men passed to the rear, nor words nor exhortation could prevent them. In three different positions I used every exertion to reform our lines, but it became impossible. Reaching the Murfreesboro' pike a stampede, or panic, commenced in the wagon train, but succeeding in getting a regiment across the road, it was stopped, and by a vigorous charge of cavalry saved from the enemy. We were then placed in reserve to our division along the Murfreeboro' pike, and there waited in anxious expectation to make or repel attacks until the afternoon of Friday, when we were ordered to move in double-quick to the extreme left to support the division who were being driven in by the enemy, and although fatigued and worn out by exposure to the rain, without tents or blankets for seven days, and want of sleep, (two days of which time we had bad nothing to eat but parched corn,) the command, with yells of joy, rushed forward, and, after fording the river three times, pushed the enemy back with the greatest rapidity, the ground being covered with rebel dead and wounded. We went into position about two miles from the ford, and on the extreme left. During the night we threw up an abatis of rails, and laid on our arms without fires in a drenching rain. The next morning, Saturday, January 3, we expected an attack, but none occurred during the day. That night we changed position to the right again, nothing but picket skirmishing having occurred during the day. When the morning of Saturday passed without an attack, I became satisfied, in my own mind, that the enemy were evacuating Murfreesboro', and so expressed it. I cannot speak in too high terms of the gallant conduct of the officers and men under my command. If indomitable daring, cool courage, and invincible bravery in the midst of the turmoil of such a battle, when all space seemed occupied by some deadly missile, amid carnage and noise, be any proof of heroism, they certainly possess it. Many instances of personal daring and feats of individual prowess were visibly performed, but I must refer you to the reports of subordinate commanders for names and instances. To the officers and men of the 25th and 35th Iillinois regiments and 8th Wisconsin battery I owe especial thanks for the determined bravery and chivalric heroism they evinced throughout; and also to the officers and men of the 81st Indiana, a new regiment, the first time under fire, who, with but a few exceptions, manfully fronted the storm of battle, and gave earnest proof of what may hereafter be expected of them. I desire to call the attention of the commanding officer to the gallant conduct of Lieutenant Colonel Chandler, commanding 35th Illinois, whose cool,

Page  231 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 231 steady courage, admirable deportment, and skilful management evinced the soldier, true and tried, and who at all times proved himself worthy of the trust he holds. Major MacIlvain, of the same regiment, I cannot praise too much: his good management and skilful handling of the skirmishers, of which he was in charge, elicited encomiums of well-merited compliment-at all times cool, determined, and persevering. Lieutenant Colonel Timberlake and Major Woodbury, of the 81st Indiana, displayed manly courage, and held their regiment firm and steady under heavy fire; for officers young in the service their efforts are worthy of imitation. Captain W. Taggert, who succeeded to the conrmand of the 25th Illinois regiment, behaved as a soldier should, everywhere efficient, and ever ready to execute orders. First Sergeant German, of 8th Wisconsin battery, merits much praise for the cool, skilful, and determined manner in which he served his battery after he succeeded to the command. To my staff, Captain George Austin, acting assistant adjutant general, Captain A. C. Keys, Lieutenant C. P. Ford, Lieutenant John F. Isom, Lieutenant William R. McChesney, and Lieutenant H. S. Parks, I owe especial thanks for the manner they served upon the field, carrying my orders, wherever required, through a hail-storm of shot, shells, and bullets, regardless of all save the performance of their duty. During the conflict it became necessary, in the absence of staff officers on duty, to make use of orderlies to supply their places. In connexion herewith I take great pleasure in testifying to the brave conduct of Orderlies A. T. Freeman and Abijah Lee, of my escort. Amid the glorious results of a battle won, it gives me pain to record the names of the gallant men who offered up their lives on the altar of their country; but we must drop the tear of sorrow over their resting-place, and offer our heartfelt sympathies to their relatives and friends, trusting that God will care for them, and soothe their afflictions. And while we remember'the noble dead, let us pay a tribute of respect to the gallant Colonel T. D. Williams, 25th Illinois regiment, who died in the performance of his duty. He fell with his regimental colors in his hands, exclaiming "We will plant it here boys, and rally the old 25th around it, and here we will die." Such conduct is above all praise, and words can paint no eulogium worthy of the subject. And here let me call the attention to the conduct of Captain Carpenter, of 8th Wisconsin battery, who fell gallantly serving his guns until the enemy were within a few yards of their muzzles. He died as a soldier would wish to die, with his face to the foe, in the smoke and din of battle. The casualties of the command are small, in comparison to the fire they received and the service did. The 35th Illinois lost 2 commissioned officers wounded, 8 privates killed, 49 wounded, and 32 missing; the 25th Illinois, one (1) commissioned officer killed and 3 wounded, 14 privates killed, 69 wounded, and 35 missing; the 81st Indiana, 2 commissioned officers killed, 2 wounded, and 1 missing, 3 privates killed, 40 wounded, and 39 missing; the 8th Wisconsin battery, 1 commissioned officer killed, 4 privates wounded, and 19 missing. Total, 4 commissioned officers killed, seven (7) wounded, and 1 missing, twenty-five (25) privates killed, 162 wounded, and 125 missing. Aggregate killed, wounded, and missing, 324. I hope a portion of those missing may yet return, as all cannot have been made prisoners I have the honor to submit the above report to your consideration, and remain, dear sir, yours, most respectfully, W. E. WOODRUFF, Colonel, Commanding 3d Brigade. Lieutenant P. W. MoRRISON, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 1st Division.

Page  232 232 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION, RIGHT WING, January 8, 1863. I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the second division, under my command, beginning December 26, 1862, the day upon which it left Nashville, and terminating on January 6, 1863: The second division is composed of the following troops: First brigade, Brigadier General A. T;illich commanding.-49th Ohio Colonel Gibson; 15th Ohio, Colonel Wallace; 39th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Jones; 32d Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Eskelmeyer; 89th Illinois, Lieutenant Colonel Hotchkiss; Goodspeed's battery, 1st Ohio artillery. Second brigade, Brigadier General E. N. Kirk commanding.-29th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Dunn; 30th Indiana, Colonel Dodge; 77th Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Colonel Houssem; 34th Illinois, Lieutenant Colonel Bristol; 79th Illinois, Colonel Read; Edgarton's battery, Ohio artillery. Third brigade, Colonel P. P. Baldwin commanding.-6th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Tripp; 5th Kentucky, (Louisville Legion,) Lieutenant Colonel Berry; 1st Ohio, Major Stafford; 93d Ohio, Colonel Anderson; Simonson's Indiana battery. Major Kleim's battalion of 3d Indiana cavalry was assigned to duty with the second division. Agreeably to orders, the three divisions constituting the right wing of the i 4th army corps, marched from their camps near Nashville, taking the Nolensville pike, and arrived in that village same day, 4 o'clock p. m. On the following day the same divisions, with mine in advance, marched to Triune. The rebel rear guard contested the ground inch by inch, and the day was passed constantly skirmishing with them, with no loss on our side, but several casualties on their part. Triune was occupied by my division about 4 p. m. The following day (December 28) the command remained in Triune. A reconnoissance to ascertain the direction the enemy had retreated was made by a brigade of my command, commanded by Brigadier General A. Willich. It having been ascertained that the enemy had retreated towards Murfreesboro', I was ordered to leave a brigade at Triune, and on the 29th to march on Murfreesboro', on what is known as the Bolizack road. Colonel P. P. Baldwin's 3d brigade was left at Triune. The command arrived at Wilkinson's Crossroads about 8 p. m. on the 29th, and an order sent at once to Colonel Baldwin to move forward his brigade, which arrived early on the afternoon of the 30th. My division was in reserve on the 29th. On the following morning, December 30, General Sheridan's division was ordered to advance in line of battle, covering the Wilkinson pike, while General Davis's division marched in the same order on the right of General Sheridan. My division being held in reserve, was marched in column on the pike. There being no troops on General Davis's right, and General Sheridan's left being guarded by General Crittenden's left wing, I was ordered to oblique to the right, covering the right of General Davis's division. About 2 o'clock p. m. I received an order from Major General McCook to look well to my right, as General Hardee, (rebel,) with his corps, was on the right flank of our column. I ordered the 2d brigade, Brigadier General Kirk commanding, to take position with his brigade, his left resting against the right of General Davis, his right refused so as to cover our right flank. About dark I placed General Willich's brigade on the right of Kirk's refusing his right, and directing a heavy line of skirmishers to be thrown forward, connecting on the left with those of General Davis, and extending to the right and rear, near the Wilkinson pike. This line of skirmishers was thrown forward about six hundred yards and near those of the enemy. My 3d brigade, Colonel Baldwin commanding, was held in reserve. At dusk on the evening of the 30th the troops occupied the position as indicated by the accompanying map. In con

Page  233 REPORT. OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 233 sultation with Major General McCook late in the afternoon of December 30, he informed me that he had reliable information to the effect that the centre of the rebel line of battle was opposite to our extreme right, and that we would probably be attacked by the entire rebel army early on the following morning. His prediction proved true. He also informed me that he had communicated this information to the commanding general. I expected a change in the programme for the following day, but none was made. My brigade commanders were called together and the operations of the following day fully explained to them. Every arrangement was made for an attack. Two gallant and experienced officers commanded my advanced brigades, and every precaution taken against surprise. At 6.22 on the morning of the 31st, the outpost in front of my division were driven in by an overwhelming force of infantry, outnumbering my forces greatly, and known to contain about 35,000 men. At the same time my extreme right was attacked by the enemy's cavalry. The gallant Willich and Kirk soon opened a heavy fire of musketry and artillery upon the advancing columns, causing wavering in the ranks, but fresh columns would soon replace them, and it was apparent that to fall back was a "military necessity." Edgarton's battery, after firing three rounds, had so many of his horses killed as to render it unmanageable. He, however, remained with it, and continued to fire until le fell by a severe wound, and he and his battery fell into the hands of the enemy. Before falling back the horse of General Willich was killed, and he was wounded and taken prisoner. About the same time General Kirk received a severe wound, which disabled him. Seeing the pressure upon my lines, I ordered up my reserve brigade, under the gallant Baldwin. The troops of his brigade advanced promptly and delivered their fire, holding their ground for some time, but they too were compelled to fall back. The troops of this division were compelled for the first time to yield the field temporarily, but the heroes of Shiloh and Perryville did not abandon their ground until forced to do so by the immense masses of the enemy hurled against them, and then inch by inch. The ground over which the division passed, covered with the enemy's dead and those of our own men, shows that the field was warmly contested. Several times the lines were reformed and resistance offered, but the columns of the enemy were too heavy for a single line, and ours would have to yield. Finally the flank of my division reached the line of General Rousseau's, when it was reformed and fought until out of ammunition, but my efficient ordnance officer, Lieutenant Murdoch, had a supply in readiness, which was soon issued, and the division assisted in driving the enemy from the field in their last desperate struggle of the day. Soon the curtains of darkness fell upon the scene of blood, and all was quiet, awaiting the coming of morn to renew hostilities. Morning came, but the enemy had withdrawn. January 1 was a day of comparative quiet in camp, few shots being fired, but many preparations made for a heavy battle on the following day. General Crittenden's wing was attacked in force on the 2d, and one of my brigades (Colonel Gibson's) was sent to re-enforce him. For the gallant part taken by it reference is made to the report of Major General Crittenden. The enemy evacuated Murfreesboro' on the night of the 3d. On the 6th I was ordered to remove my camp to a point on the Shelbyville road four miles south of Murfreesboro'. The conduct of officers and men under my command was good. (The Louisville legion, under the gallant Lieutenant Colonel Berry, brought off by hand one of the cannon, after the horses were killed.) They yielded the ground only where overpowered, offering an obstinate resistance at every point; some few in each regiment becoming panic-stricken, fled to Nashville for safety. Captain Simonson managed his battery with skill and courage, and with it did good execution. He lost two guns, but not until the horses had been killed and the guns disabled. Goodspeed's battery lost three guns and quite a number of horses. This battery was handled well and did good execution, under Lieuten

Page  234 ,234 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. ant Belden. Reference is respectfully made to the reports of regimental and brigade commanders, for the list of those who by their bravery and good conduct rendered themselves conspicuous. After the capture of General Willich his brigade was commanded temporarily by Colonel Wallace, fifteenth Ohio, but was afterwards replaced by Colonel Gibson, forty-ninth Ohio. General Kirk becoming disabled, was replaced by Colonel Dodge, thirtieth Indiana, while the third brigade was commanded throughout by Colonel Baldwin. These four colonels have demonstrated their fitness for command on several bloody fields, and are recommended to my superiors for promotion. Their coolness and courage rendered them conspicuous throughout the bloody engagement. Major Kleim and his battalion, of the third Indiana cavalry deserve special mention. Under their gallant leader the battalion was always in front, and rendered efficient service. To Captains Bartlett, Hooker, Thruston, and McLeland, and Lieutenants Taft, Hill, and Shultz, of my staff, my thanks are due for their efficiency and promptness in carrying orders to all parts of the field. My medical director, Surgeon Marks, and the medical officers of the division, were untiring in their exertions to alleviate the sufferings of the wounded, and to them my thanks are due. My escort, composed of the following named men of the third Kentucky cavalry, who accompanied me throughout the engagement, deserve special mention for their good conduct: Sergeant William C. Miles; Privates George Long, Thomas Salyers, John Christian, John Whitten, James Bowen, B. Hammerslein, and R. A. Norah. Private Bowen's horse was killed by a cannon ball. The loss of the division was as follows: killed, 260; wounded, 1,005; missing, 1,280, (supposed to have been captured.) Very respectfully, your obedient servant, R. W. JOHNSON, Brigadier General of Volunteers, Commanding. Major J. A. CAMPBELL, Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS BATTERY H, 5TH ARTILLERY, January 10, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of the battery under my command, in the recent engagements near Murfreesboro', Tennessee: The battery arrived near the battle-field with the brigade of regulars'of which it forms a part, on the morning of December 30, 1862. On the morning of December 31 it was moved forward with the brigade, and after a short halt, proceeded through a dense grove of cedars to take a position. Finding it impossible to operate with the battery in so dense a wood, I reported to General Rousseau, who, after seeing the impossibility of taking up a proper position, ordered the battery into action in the open field, which it had previously left. The battery was formed in time to check the advance of the enemy from the cedars, and was then moved to a position on a rise of ground on the opposite side of the pike. A heavy column of the enemy advanced from the cedars, but was finally driven back in disorder by the fire of canister from the battery. On the afternoon of the 31st the enemy again moved forward in heavy force from a position to our left and front, but were unable to advance under the fire of the different batteries which was concentrated upon them. Though the battery changed positions several times in order to follow up the movements of the

Page  235 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 235 troops, its main position was on the rise of ground already spoken of, and on which it camped at night. On the morning of January 1, 1863, the battery was moved some distance to the rear, and after several changes of position was ordered back with the brigade of regulars towards a point on the Murfreesboro' pike beyond Stewart's creek. After proceeding some miles, the order being countermanded, the brigade and battery returned, and about nightfall camped in the woods near the old position. On the morning of January 2 the battery moved forward and took position-remaining in position during the day, and camping on the same ground at night. On the 3d the brigade and battery were moved forward and occupied rifle-pits and epaulements which had been constructed for them. At dusk the battery opened fire with shell and spherical case shot on the enemy concealed in the woods, in buildings, and behind breastworks, etc., and the attack being followed up by the infantry the enemy were driven from the position and the grounds occupied by our troops, who were subsequently withdrawn. The battery remained in position during the following day, and on the morning of the 5th of January took up the line of march towards Murfreesboro', encamping some distance beyond the town in the evening. To Lieutenant Colonel Shephard, 18th infantry, commanding brigade, and to Majors Carpenter, 19th infantry; King, 15th infantry; Caldwell and Townsend, 18th infantry, and Slemmer, 16th infantry, commanding battalions, and to their officers and men I am indebted for the gallant support afforded me during the series of engagements. My officers, Second Lieutenant Israel Ludlow and J. A. Fessenden, deserve honorable mention for their display of coolness, gallantry, and judgment. Sergeants Egan, Reed, Metcalf, Brode, Bickel, Ervin, and Manbeck behaved with conspicuous courage, and to the other non-commissioned officers and privates of the battery, without exception, I am indebted for faithful services. I have the honor to append the following list of causualties in my command: Wounded.-Corporal Charles Allitzon, and Privates Thomas Burns, James F. Mohr, Michael McGrath, and Benjamin F. Burgess. Total wounded, 5. Total of horses killed, 10. Total of horses wounded, 5. Rounds of ammunition expended, 558. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, F. L. GUENTHER, First Lieutenant 5th Artillery, Commanding Battery H, 5th Artillery. First Lieutenant ROBERT SOUTHERLAND, 18th Infantry, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Brigade of Regulars.

Page  236 Report of killed, wounded, and missing, 3d division, right wing, in the engagement from December 26, 1862, to January 6, 1863. tC' GENERAL OFFICERS. FIELD OFFICERS. COMPANY OFFICERS. ENLISTED MEN. 00 REGIMENTS. c r o o o~ o a oia c ^ g a _o _ "~ O 0o 0 i 0 S "2 S 0 + L FIRST BRIGADE. h 1st brigade ----—.-. —-----. ---—. ——. 1 - -... —. -. ——.. —-- ------ ------ ------ ------- -.... 15th Ohio ----------- ------—..- -------- 1 1. 1 ----- 17 68 127 3 212 215 49th Ohio -. —---—. —-—. --—.. —--- ------ --- 1 1. 1 1 5 ------ 18 88 108 8 194 202 0 32d Indiana., —-—. —- -—. —---------—. —---------.-.6 12 40 115., 167 167 39th Indiana ------—.. —--—..... —------... —. —-—. —---- 1 2 2 30 116 229 5 375 380 Q 89th Illinois —---------- ----. —. -—. ----------------. 1 1 -- - 9 45 94 2 148 150 Battery A......... —--------—.- - - ---------------—. ------- 1 4 24 —.. 29 29 Total... —---- ----- -- 1 1 2 3 9 2 87 361 697 18 1,125 1,143 1 SECOND BRIGADE. 0 2d brigade —------------— M ------ 1 ------ ------ ------ ------ —... — 2d brijade -... 1. _.. 34th Illinois ------------- -—. —-. — —.- - -.. —.- ---------- 2 2 2 19 98 72 6 189 195. 79th Illinois ------. — -.-. 1.-.-.- -.... —-.. 3 3 23 68 121 7 212 219 29th Indiana -... —--------—. —--—. —-- -. —----—. —- 1 2 ---—. 14 66 51 4 131 135. 30th Indiana.. — —... —---—, —. -- -.. —-------- --- 1 1 2 1 30 108 70 5 208 213 77th Pennsylvania-.. — -------... —-- 1.-... ——.- --—. 1 2 4 28 28 4 60 64 Battery E. - -.. —- -—. --..-. —-— 2 —. —--- 2 10 5. —---- 2 15 17 Total, —. ------ ---- -- -— 1 1 ------ 2 2 4 10 10 100 373 342 28 815 843

Page  237 THIRD BRIGADE. Ist Ohio. -------------... -------------- 1 46 81 1 135 136 93d Ohio. ——. —-------------- --—..... 1...... 12 45 64 1 121 122 6th Indiana —-- -... —. —----. 1 17 50 36 1 103 104 5th Kentucky —- -------- -... -.. —,2.- 1 5 ---—. 18 73 26 8' 117 125 5th Indiana battery ——.-.. —- -—.. —-—. —--- --.. ------ - 1.. —--- 3 18 1 1 23 23 Total. —-------------- -—. ---------.- ---- -- 3 --- 1 7 1 58 232 208 12 498 510 M 3d Indiana cavalry... - - -.- -—,. —--. -1 4 6 15 -. - 25 25 d Grand total. —-..... 1 1 3 5. —-.- 8 26 13 249 972 1,262 58 2, 463 2,521 H R. W. JOHNSON, Brigadier General of Volunteers, Commanding. t'4 0 CS C)

Page  238 238 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS 1ST BRIGADE, 2D DIVISION, RIGHT WING, iMurfreesboro', January 5, 1863. CAPTAIN: The capture of Brigadier General Willich renders it my duty to report to Brigadier General Johnson, commanding division, the participation of this command in the events of the last ten days. In accomplishing this task, I shall address myself to a concise narrative of occurrences that " the truth of history may be vindicated," the memory of our heroic slain honored, and that justice may be done to the brave survivors, who, by their energy and stubborn courage, maintained a conflict for six days, and vanquished the grand army of our foe. Leaving camp near Nashville, December 26, 1862, the first and second days' march was without incident, and took us through Nolensville to Triune, twenty miles. The following day we reconnoitred the country seven miles to our front in the direction of Shelbyville, and developed the fact that the rebel forces had retreated the day and night previous in the direction of this place. In that reconnoissance we made forty-one prisoners of war. On the 29th we moved upon this place, reaching the Salem road, four miles distant, after dark, and slept upon our arms in rear of General Davis's division. On the 30th we advanced upon this position, acting as a reserve to the - of the right wing, and were not brought under fire that day. In the evening we took up a position on the extreme right of our army on the Franklin road. General Kirk's brigade was in front, with pickets thrown out to the margin of open fields. To his rear and near his right, in open woods, was Edgerton's battery in position, with a narrow cleared field in front. To the right of this battery, and on a line perpendicular to the rear of General Kirk's right, were the reserves of the 29th and 32d Indiana of this command, portions of each being on picket duty. The direction of the Franklin road is due east and west at this point, and it was covered by General Kirk's right, his line of battle fronting east and in advance of a lane running north and south, eight yards wide, and intersecting the road at right angles. In this angle is a field of open woods, three hundred and thirty yards square. South of this is an unenclosed space covered by a few trees, and near a hundred yards wide, through which the Franklin road is located. At the fence, to the right of Edgerton's battery, five companies of the 39th Indiana were camped in line of battle, fronting south. To their right, the 32d Indiana occupied a like position. Inside of the wooded field, and within thirty yards of the fence, the 49th Ohio was formed in line of battle, fronting south, its left resting within one hundred yards of the lane and its right within a like distance of the west enclosure. In its rear the 89th Illinois was in double column closed in mass fronting south. Perpendicular to the rear of the right of the 49th was the 15th Ohio, in line near the fence fronting west, its left wing resting within sixty yards of the 49th. In the southwest corner of this wooded field, Goodspeed's battery was parked in oblong square. North and west of this field, and south and east of the unenclosed space, were cleared fields. The picket line of General Kirk covered his front and flank, connecting with that of this brigade, at a fence six hundred yards south of the left of the reserve of the 39th Indiana. The pickets of the 39th were advanced seven hundred yards in front of the reserve, in an open cornfield. The pickets of the 32d joined those of the 39th, and covered our flank and rear. At 3 o'clock a. m. Colonel Jones was ordered to patrol the woods six hundred yards in front of his pickets. No indications of the presence or purposes of the enemy were discerned. Here I beg leave to call attention to the very concise and satisfactory report of Lieutenant Colonel Jones, commanding 39th Indiana, and also to the report of Lieutenant Colonel Erdelmeyer, commanding 32d Indiana. These dispositions had been made, and these precautions adopted by General Willich. At dawn of day orders were received to build fires and make coffee. In a

Page  239 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 239 few moments after, I met General Willich, who remarked that he would be absent a few moments at the headquarters of General Johnson, and in case anything occurred in fiont of our pickets, he directed me to rally the 39th and 32d to their support. At twenty-five minutes past six, and soon after meeting the general, firing was heard on General Kirk's right. The brigade was instantly ordered to take arms, and Lieutenant Miles of the staff, was despatched for General Willich. He was found, and started for his command, but his horse was shot under him, and he was made a prisoner before giving an order. The enemy advanced upon our position with four heavy lines of battle, with a strong reserve held in mass. All these were in full view before the lines of General Kirk gave way. His left extended a great distance beyond our extreme right, and was thrown forward so that his lines were, to some extent, oblique to ours. To the right of our position, and near the Franklin road, he took position with an immense force of cavalry. In fact, the centre of Hardee's corps attacked our right. His lines were advanced with great rapidity, and his force could not have been less than thirty-five thousand, besides cavalry. Portions of Polk's and Smith's corps were engaged. The lines of General Kirk soon yielded to an assault which no troops in the world could have withstood. The 32d and 39th moved promptly, but were embarrassed by the retiring forces, and their safety endangered by an assault in overwhelming numbers upon front and flanks. Lieutenant Belding moved back with four guns, but was so hotly pressed that he could not put them in position with safety; he had done nothing in his original position, because the lines falling back in our front were between his guns and the enemy's lines. He and his men stood at their pieces until the enemy's lines were within fifty yards, when they fell back, leaving two guns on the field, owing to the killing of horses attached to one, and the breaking of the pole of the other. The 49th remained in its position until ordered to retire, and fought desperately at every rod. The 15th Ohio, Colonel Wallace, delivered six rounds before falling back, whilst the 32d and 39th Indiana bravely contested the ground on the right. The courage and activity of these regiments kept the enemy in check until our artillery horses could be hitched, and the dead of the foe showed the telling effect of their fire. With cavalry on their right, infantry assailing them on the left, and heavy masses rushing to the assault in front, these regiments were directed to retire, as the only escape from annihilation or capture. Edgerton's battery, after being uncovered by the lines of General Kirk, opened fire, but before three rounds were delivered the enemy reached the guns and captured the pieces. Unchecked, the foe rushed on, and as his advance reached Goodspeed's battery, his second line reached Edgerton's battery, and that gallant officer being wounded and made prisoner, his men continued to defend themselves with their gun swabs. The 15th Ohio, Colonel WVallace, had got into position, and under cover of its fire the 49th Ohio and 89th Illinois were directed to retire by the flank. The 32d and 39th were now retiring in good order. At this juncture, learning nothing of General Willich, I felt it my duty to exert myself as far as possible to save the command. Goodspeed's battery, under command of Lieutenant Belding, was ordered to retire to a position beyond an open field, and Lieutenant Colonel Drake was directed to place the 49th Ohio in position at the same point. Here I had hoped to rally the whole brigade, but Lieutenant Colonel Drake was killed, and Major Porter, of the 49th, was severely wounded; my horse was shot, and most of our field officers were disabled or dismounted by the enemy's fire. From my position, looking to our centre, I could see our whole line falling back rapidly in some disorder, though a constant fire was kept up to the right. Lieutenant Colonel Jones was bravely rallying his men, and large numbers separated from other regiments were moving directly west, instead of to our centre. Lieutenant Belding and Lieutenant Scovill with one gun moved to the centre, whilst Lieutenant Day, in charge of three guns, moved

Page  240 240 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. back towards the Wilkinson road, with our extreme right. After retiring for nearly a half mile, and rallying and fighting at every available point, my second horse was killed, placing it again out of my power to communicate with our centre. Soon after, a line was rallied and formed, extending west to a small creek, and Lieutenant Belding's gun was got in position; beyond the creek Lieutenant Colonel Jones and myself rallied under cover of a fence and cedar thicket. As the enemy's columns neared our irregular lines, they were met by a rapid and deadly fire, and Lieutenant Belding opened fire at the same time with terrible effect; the rebel columns were checked and fell back across the open ground; here they opened on us with artillery, and again advanced their infantry, our line falling back. After thus rallying and meeting the enemy several times we arrived with our flank on the Wilkinson road, a short distance west of our ammunition train; here we were charged by the enemy's cavalry and lost one gun, all of us being in the enemy's power. My sword was demanded, but just at that instant a detachment of our cavalry made a dash for our rescue, and in the confusion of the moment most of us fought our way out and escaped. The division train was got under motion, and we moved rapidly and in considerable disorder to the Nashville road, closely pursued by the enemy's cavalry. Here the colors of the 39th Indiana were captured. At this moment I learned that a considerable portion of this brigade had reached the centre; that General Willich had been killed or captured, and that Colonel Wallace was in command of the brigade. A complete panic prevailed: teams, ambulances, horsemen, footmen, and attaches of the army, black and white, mounted on horses and mules, were rushing to the rear in the wildest confusion. I exerted myself to arrest this panic, and hastened down the road until I met Colonel Walker with his brigade, who promptly formed in line of battle, and put his artillery in position. With this assurance the tide was quite checked, and placing a strong guard of cavalry across the road, Colonel Walker moved his command to the front, compelling every able-bodied soldier to fall in. I hurried them back to the front, and thus hundreds, if not thousands, were compelled to return to their commands. In the evening this brigade was reorganized, and by order of General Johnson, took position on our extreme right, in rear of Colonel Carlin's brigade of the first division. Though repulsed and sustaining severe loss in officers and men the day previous, the first of January found us thirteen hundred strong, and eager to participate in the dangers and struggles of the field. I was directed to reconnoitre the woods to the right and rear of our position, which was accomplished under the observation of Major Generals Rosecrans and McCook. Though within range of the enemy's battery, we reached the woods unobserved and soon met his sharpshooters, and discovered that he was massing his infantry under cover of these woods, with the apparent design of attacking our extreme right. In withdrawing we were harassed by shot and shell from his batteries, but sustaining no loss, we were soon directed to reoccupy the woods, and promptly took up our position with the 15th Ohio and the 32d Indiana and 89th Illinois in line of battle-their front covered by skirmishers, and the 39th Indiana and 49th Ohio, under Lieutenant Colonel Jones, as a reserve. The enemy's cavalry made a dash upon our position, but were gallantly repulsed by our skirmishers. The movements of the enemy on the right having averted the serious attention of General Rosecrans, troops were promptly placed in position to our left, and our lines withdrawn to the margin of the woods-our flank covered by a strong force of cavalry. The prompt movements of our forces, and the splendid manoeuvring of the commander-in-chief, defeated the designs of the enemy, and no further attack was made. Leaving this position on the morning of the 2d, by order of General Johnson, we were placed in an important position, so as to sustain the right, centre, or

Page  241 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 241 left, in case of a reverse to either. In the evening a terrible assault was made upon our extreme left, and our forces were repulsed. We were ordered to make a charge with the bayonet. The brigade moved out and deployed in splendid style. It moved with alacrity and perfect order, clearing the field and reaching the river, where we were ordered to halt. Our right flank was exposed to the enemy's infantry concealed in the woods on our right, whilst he annoyed us with his battery across Stone river. General Palmer attempted to drive the foe from the woods, but meeting with strong resistance his aid appealed to me for re-enforcements, and the 22d Indiana was detached for that service. They met and repulsed two regiments, driving them across the river at the point of the bayonet. Nothing could exceed the gallantry and enthusiasm that this heroic regiment exhibited in this emergency. Our brigade changed the fortunes of the hour, and, under cover of our lines, the enemy was driven back and three pieces of artillery captured. Though under arms night and day, and manceuvring, we were not again brought within range of the enemy's musketry. I must mention the fortitude and good cheer with which the officers and men submitted to the hardships and exposure of four long days and nights, without adequate rations or shelter; they cheerfully subsisted partly on parched corn, and rested in drenching rains. On visiting the field over which we retired on the 31st abundant evidence was presented of the desperate struggle. Our men rallied whenever summoned, and delivered their fire with deadly effect. Though the enemy's wounded and many of his dead had been removed, it is safe to affirm that his killed exceeded our's as three to two, and that vast numbers were wounded. It was before our fire that General Rains, of the rebel army, was killed, and a vast number of subordinate officers and men killed and wounded. Every rod of ground over which we retired was marked by the blood of the foe, and our men reached the centre with empty cartridge-boxes. Our loss was terrible, but unavoidable, and is, to a great extent, compensated by the result ultimately obtained. We went into action with 2,458 men and 113 commissioned officers. In killed we lost 96, including 4 officers; in wounded we lost 365, including 14 officers; and our missing reach 682, including 6 officers. Many of our missing escaped and are safe in the rear, but it is probable that 400 were made prisoners. Lieutenant Colonel Drake, 49th Ohio, fell at the post of duty, bravely cheering his men. By his death the State has lost a valued citizen, his community an ornament, his family a noble husband and kind father, and the army a most gallant and faithful soldier. Captain Keller, of the same regiment, fell as heroes love to fall. A true patriot and accomplished soldier, he carried with him into camp and field all the graces of Christianity. Captain Willett, of the 89th Illinois, fell whilst bravely leading his command, and such were his accomplishments as a gentleman and soldier that it will be difficult to fill his place. Throughout these trying days and nights officers and men did their duty nobly, with a few exceptions-a few officers failed to earn the confidence of their men, and some privates sought safety in flight. The 15th Ohio evinced the greatest courage, and many of its officers deserve special mention. Colonel Wallace, always prudent, energetic, and brave, fully sustained his high reputation as a soldier, and was the admiration of all who witnessed his conduct. Lieutenant Colonel Askew fell early on the 31st, whilst heroically cheering his men. Captain Dawson was especially distinguished for thrilling heroism and persistent courage. This officer, conspicuous in so many battles, and so well qualified, merits, and should receive, honorable promotion. Ex. Doc. 2 16

Page  242 242 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Adjtutant Du Bois, of the same regiment, deserves special mention for gal" lantry and good conduct. The 49th Ohio sustained its high reputation, and though it lost ten officers it faced the foe at every point. Captain Gray, as ranking officer, had charge of a portion of the regiment on the 31st, and proved himself brave, prudent, and competent for any command. Adjutant Worton was especially heroic, and excited general admiration by his inflexible courage and great activity. Both these officers merit, and I hope will receive, promotion. Captains McCormac and Tyler were ever active, brave, and self-possessed in the. midst of dangers, and showed themselves worthy and competent to command. The splendid conduct of the 32d Indiana fully sustained its claims to confidence. Every officer and man did his duty heroically. Lieutenant Colonel Erdelmeyer, commanding, and Major Glass and Captain Monk were especially conspicuous throughout the long struggle. Lieutenant Colonel Hotchkiss, commanding 89th Illinois volunteers, deserves the highest praise for his coolness and skill in action. He drew off his men in good order, fighting as he withdrew, and showed himself worthy of any command. This gallant officer has given to the service one of its best regiments, and has justly earned promotion. Major Hall and Captain Whiting, brave and valuable officers, I regret to say, were made prisoners. All the officers and men of this regiment did their duty promptly and earned the confidence of their companions in arms. Captain Williams, commanding during the illness of Lieutenant Colonel Hotchkiss, is an efficient and competent officer. The 39th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Jones commanding, fought with desperation and terrible effect. Its list of casualties shows that where it moved the battle raged most fierce. Men could not have evinced greater courage and heroism. Captains McCleland, Cody, McCoy, Graham, and Captain Herring, acting major, merit the highest praise for their activity and energy. Lieutenant Colonel Jones discharged his duties in the most gallant manner; ever active and brave, he rallied his men at every point, and yielded only before overwhelming numbers. He met the foe in hand-to-hand conflict, and owes his escape to the skilful use of his side-arms. I beg leave to urge the name of this most meritorious officer upon the executive of his State for promotion. I cannot too highly commend the good conduct of Lieutenants Belding, Scoville, and Day, of battery A, 1st Ohio artillery, and the men under their command. The loss of three guns was from no fault of any one. Lieutenant Belding did splendid execution upon the enemy's column, and proved himself worthy of a command. I cannot too strongly urge his promotion upon the executive of Ohio. Surgeons Kinckler, Parks, Suttle, Kelly, and Pitman, as well as Dr. Corey, hospital steward of the 49th Ohio, remained on the field and labored for days and nights, unaided, in caring for our wounded. For thus faithfully performing their duty, at the risk of maltreatment and possible captivity, they have secured the confidence and respect of this command. On the evening of the 31st, Captain Smith, Lieutenants Green, Miles, and McGrath, of General Willich's staff, reported to me for duty, and in all the subsequent operations of the command these gallant officers were vigilant and prompt in every duty, and to them I am under especial obligations for suggestions on the field. Though not acting under my personal observation on the 31st, they were in the thickest of the fight, and officers of experience speak of their conduct as being most intelligent and heroic in rallying our forces. James Purdy, mounted orderly, merits especial praise for his activity and courage throughout the week of battles. I must express the deep regret of officers and men at the capture of Brigadier General Willich; having the confidence of the brigade, and being a soldier of

Page  243 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 243 education and experience, his removal from the command at this juncture is a public misfortune. To Brigadier General Johnsonwe are under obligations for constant vigilance, unremitting energy, and his many acts of kindness and expressions of confidence towards this command. In the name of the brigade, I am allowed to thank Major General McCook and the general-in-chief for their flattering attentions on the field, and for their repeated exhibitions of confidence in our efficiency, prudence, and courage. I am, most respectfully, W. H. GIBSON, Colonel, Commanding 1st Brigade. Captain J. R. BARTLETT, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS EIGHTY-NINTH ILLINOIS INFANTRY, 1ST BRIGADE, 2D DIVISION, RIGHT WING, In camp near Murfreesboro', January 7, 1863. I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by thisregiment in the series of engagements between the federal and rebel forces near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, and upon the approaches thereto, commencing on December 26, 1862, and ending on January 4, 1863, when the latter, under General Bragg, were defeated by the army of General Rosecrans and forced to evacuate all their positions in and about Murfreesboro'. This regiment left camp in front of Nashville, with the brigade, on the morning of December 26, taking the Nolensville pike and moving slowly with the column, (as the enemy had to be driven by the advance,) through Nolensville, Triune, and along the Murfreesboro' and Franklin road, arriving, on the night of the 30th, at a point about three and one-half miles due west from Murfreesboro', where, just after dark, the brigade was put in position on the extreme right of our right wing, about 200 yards in rear of and at right angles with Kirk"s brigade. My regiment was formed in double column at half distance, in rear of the 49th Ohio, which was formed in line, (fronting south.) The 15th Ohio formed in line (fronting west) on my right flank, with battery A, 1st Ohio artillery, near the right flank of the 49th Ohio and the left flank of the 15th Ohio, the 32d and 39th Indiana regiments being on picket, covering the front of our position both south and west, thus protecting the rear of the extreme right (Kirk's brigade) of the right wing. In this position my men bivouacked: without fires for the night. At half-past 5 o'clock on the morning of December 31, as my men were building fires for cooking, rapid firing was heard on Kirk's front, which was almost instantly followed by the men of his brigade rushing in confusion and indiscriminately through our ranks and over my men, closely followed by a heavy column of rebel infantry. The enemy's fire being very severe and heavy upon us, and the large number of fugitives passing through and, covering my front, together with peremptory orders communicated to regimental commanders of his brigade by General Willich the night previous, made it impossible for me to make a deployment or otherwise advantageously change my position. To protect my men as much as possible from the enemy's fire I ordered them to lie down. In that position they remained without confusion until my left wing was uncovered of fugitives and the enemy within fifty yards of my position, when I ordered that wing to fire, which was done with good effect, the colors of the leading column of rebels falling. Having received no orders as yet, and seeing the other regiments of the brigade falling back, I gave the order to retire by the right flank on double-quick, which yas done (but with

Page  244 244 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. some confusion) to a lane, about 400 yards in a northwesterly direction, where I placed Captains Willett, Whiting, and Comstock, and Lieutenant Wells's companies in a very good position. But few of our shots were wasted, the colors of the leading column of the enemy again falling under our fire; but, being closely pressed, I ordered the companies to retire on the same line of direction to a point on a small creek about 500 yards distant, where I placed Captains Rowell's and Blake's companies under the partial cover of a thicket, and their fire most materially checked the enemy's advancing skirmishers, allowing me time to cross the creek with and partially reorganize my command, (Captain Rowell gradually following.) Following the line of the creek I again crossed to a point some 500 yards southeast of the 2d division hospital, where, in an open field, I joined a portion of each of the 49th and 15th Ohio and 32d Indiana regiments. The enemy's cavalry appearing on our right, and their infantry approaching on our left flank, threatening to cut us off, I moved by the left flank, (the other regiments following,) in a northeasterly direction, to a position in the woods on the south side of the Wilkinson pike, and about equidistant from the hospitals of the 1st, (General Davis's,) and the 2d, (General Johnson's,) divisions, a position from which our fire, at short range over an open field, thinned the ranks and partially checked the advance of the rebels' closely pressing columns. At this point, being informed of the loss of General Willich and Colonel Gibson, the next senior officer, the command of the brigade was assumed by Colonel Wallace, of the 15th Ohio. The forces (to me unknown) which here formed upon the right and left flanks of our brigade having retired in obedience to orders, I retired my regiment in line and in good order, making several stands in the same woods with the balance of-the brigade, to and near the right of General Rousseau's division, where I was ordered by General Johnson to take position in a cedar thicket, on the right with some troops (to me unknown) who were in front and joining on the right of said division. Soon afterwards, the troops on my right and left of the line which they and I commonly held having unexpectedly and rapidly retired, and my position just then receiving the brunt of the enemy's artillery and musketry fire, and my ammunition being exhausted, I retired my regiments by the flank to the rear, there replenishing my ammunition and resting my men, who had, up to this time, taken and delivered an unceasing fire for nearly five hours. Later in the day, being informed of the position of the balance of the brigade, I at once rejoined them, when I was put in position on the right of the same, thus unitedly forming the second line of infantry (General Davis's division being in front) on the extreme right of the right of the right wing, where we bivou acked that night without fires. The operations of the regiment during the subsequent four days were in common with the brigade, and were not of a character to need from me particular mention, with the exception of the part taken by it on the night of Friday, January 2, when, under the command of Captain Williams, (myself being unable to take active command,) it had the responsible position of guarding the ford and supporting Captain Stokes's (Chicago Board of Trade) battery, while the forces under General Negley made the successful charge upon the enemy's right. The behavior of the officers and men during this period, particularly in the trying action of the 31st, was, in steadiness and bravery, all that could be required by any commander. This phrase fully expresses my estimate of their conduct: "Every man that day did his duty." Where bravery and obedience were so general it is difficult for me to make personal discrimination, but, among my non-commissioned officers, I particularly commend for their gallantry in rallying to my colors fugitives from other commands, Sergeant Major John M. Farquar and Sergeant Erastus 0. Young, of company "A; " also Captain Button G. Cody, of the 39th Indiana, and Lieutenant Seifert, of the 32d Indiana, who tendered their services to me on the field and fought gallantly in my ranks.

Page  245 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 245 The following is the list of casualties during the period specified. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, C. W. HOTCHKISS, Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. Captain CARL SCHMITZ, Assistant Adjutant General. List of the killed, wounded, and missing in the eighty-ninth regiment Illinois volunteer infantry in the series of engagements commencing December 31, 1862, and ending January 4, 1863. Killed.-Captain Henry S. Willett and Corporal Wm. H. Litsey, company H; Privates Jas. Nichols, company E; Moses Beaver and Elijah Tonlin, company F; De Witt C. Scudder, Geo. W. Murray, and David H. Bestor, company G; Henry Huggins. company H; Wm. Holdren, company I. Total, 10. Wounded.-Adjutant Ed. F. Bishop; Sergeants John H. Moore, company A; - Olinier, company D; Jas. F. Copp and J. S. Prescott, company F; Corporal H. H. Warner, company C; Privates Jas. I. Egan, Franklin H. Mellen, and Louis Saunders, company A; Frank Granger, Ralph Purdy, Eli Morris, and Alonzo Henderson, companyD; Patrick McGrath, James Wildrick, and Hiram H. Crain, company E; Ira Bridgeford, Henry Fitch, and Joseph Goyer, company F; John Herlick, David Kerr, Herman J. Rosenleaf, Wilfred H. Whitney, Robert Wilson, David E. Sprouse, and Charles V. Bainbridge, company G; Orton H. Barnes, James Snowball, Ole H. Johnson, F. W. Godard, Thomas N. Mosley, and Wm. J. Cooper, company H; A. Bigley, Joseph Guthrie, Joseth J. Loydd, Charles Nelson, and Henry Shecter, company I; Michael Schabinger, Frank Diesel, John P. Adams, Fred. L. Phillips, and John Reed, company K; Musicians Justus D. Payne, company A; Wm. Forman, company G; A. W. Parker, company I. Total, 45. Missing.-Major Duncan J. Hall; Captain Thos. Whiting, company G; Sergeant Joseph Cushman, company F; Corporals Jay R. Lowrey, company A; Richard M. Vanegen, company B; Matthew W. Claxton, company C; George Shears, Andrew Golden, and George L. Richards, company E; Jason Wallace, company F; Thomas H. Berry and George H. Wagoner, company G; Sergeant Ed. Humphrey, company D; Corporals David Labouty, David S. Allen, and Oliver Bunker, company D; Privates Robert Armstrong, Charles Lord, Roger Duffy, Gardner Fuller, Jasper Luper, Philip Mulinix, Franklin Russell, Henry Sterling, and Enoch D. T. Sharp, company A; John C. Mercer, company B; Jacob Becker, Charles Davis, Peter Hussey, Daniel Nellis, Pat. H. NcNamee, Thomas Maroney, Robert Purcell, Wesley Wilson, George M. Jones, and Marvin J. Spoor, company C; Joseph Zach, L. W. Beardsley, W. H. Milcham, Charles Fisher, Maiion King, Mada Rubidi, Henry Tinsley, Wm. Voorhes, John Miller, W. S. Rice, Jackson Arnold, Wm. D. Walker, and Leo Laurent, company D; H. G. Bramble, C. M. Bryant, Thomas Clark, S. G. Eggleston, F. W. Le Comte, R. B. Mack, John Pinegar, Daniel Porter, Wm. Saddler, Wm. H. Simmons, and Jubal Shaw, company E; Joseph Babbitt, James Perkins, Russell Huntley, Washington Cox, Curtis B. Knox, Wm. Chamberlain, Addison Weaver, Reuben L. Kelly, Wm. Golden, and Henry Couch, company F; Hiram Cole, James Livingston, W. H. Nesbitt, Andrew Topper, and.George Wells, company G; W. H. Delancy, Nels Christianson, Jos. Haigh, John B. Smith, and John Whitehead, company H; J. R. Marmon, A. G. Rouse, Henry J. Lowe, Robert Smith, Wm. H. Bissell, John Cole, and Wm. R. Piventon, com

Page  246 246 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. pany I; George Nugent, Thomas Creighton, Wm. Reed, Thomas Rogers, and John Nelson, company K; Musicians Marcus H. Perry, company C; Walter Huff, company F. Total, 94. CAMP NEAR MURFREESBORO', TENNESSEE, January 7, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations of the 39th regiment of Indiana volunteers since December 25, 1862. Nothing of note occurred after breaking camp near Nashville, Tennessee, until the regiment arrived on the field of operations in the enemy's front, near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, where it arrived December 30, 1862. On the evening of the same day the 1st brigade, to which the regiment belongs, was moved to the extreme right of the right wing of the army, the line of battle of the brigade being nearly at right angles with that of the right wing. I was ordered to detail five (5) companies from the 39th Indiana for pickets during the night. My orders were to join the left of my line with the right.of General Kirk, and join my right on the left of the picket line of the 32d, and leave the five (5) reserve companies in line of battle facing towards my picket line. Companies A, B, C, D, and K, were detailed, and having deployed A, C, and D, as skirmishers, with B and K as supports, I joined picket lines with General Kirk and 32d Indiana, as ordered. The following diagram will aid in explaining the operations of the 31st: DIAGRAM. H F Wood. ^^ \ j <2 Cavalry..H_ v — / -'' \'''T'' l' T'f ib. B \ \ _ EE Houns C \ D Cedar grove. A, line of battle of right wing; B, position of reserve companies of 39th Indiana; dotted line a, General Kirk's pickets; dotted b, picket line of 39th Indiana, distant from the reserve one-half mile; line extends through open cornfield from point H to house E. About 3 o'clock a. m, December 31, 1862, I received orders from General Willich to throw forward one company to patrol the wood F in our front, and distant about 600 yards. Captain Herring, acting

Page  247 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 247 major, immediately sent company B forward for that purpose. At early daylight General Willich ordered me, in case there should be any indication that the rebels had placed a battery in our front, to move my picket line at once to the wood F, and hold it until the brigade could give me support. I went immediately to the picket line, and, learning from the patrol that no indication of the enemy had been seen, I was on the point of ordering company B from the front when several shots were fired from the pickets on our left, who gave way at the point H, leaving our flank exposed. I ordered Lieutenant Stanley to reconnect his line with General Kirk and hold his ground. At the same time I ordered all the company reserves on the picket line, forming a very strong skirmish line. Scarcely had this disposition been made when Kirk's pickets again gave way, and three regiments of rebel infantry, moving abreast in line of battle, were interposed between my picket line and the reserve companies. Seeing that the rebel line of battle was oblique to that of our right wing, and supposing that our brigade would either charge obliquely on the 39th Indiana or place the batteries in position to enfilade the rebel lines, I, partly to support such a movement. and partly to secure an opportunity to rally the pickets on the reserve, ordered Captain Herring to move the pickets in double-quick time by the right flank and take position behind the fence D, and open fire on the advancing foe, at the same time sending Lieutenant Neal to the house E to open the fence and show the companies where to commence filing to the right. We succeeded in rallying company A and parts of companies D and K behind the fence, when the enemy opened upon us a murderous fire. Lieutenant Neal fell mortally wounded, and of the few who took position there nearly one-half were either killed or wounded. Twice did our fire cause the enemy's lines to halt and waver, but he quickly rallied and moved forward. Had we been supported here either with infantry or artillery the enemy would have been repulsed with great slaughter. Iut no support came. Three rebel standards were within thirty feet of the fence when I ordered the men to double-quick to the cedar thicket C, where they again made a stand and covered the retreat of Goodspeed's battery. Here I first learned that my five reserve companies, under command of Captain Cady, senior captain, had charged front forward on seven companies and had bravely held their ground until the regiment on their left had given way and they were forced to abandon their position. They retired in good order for some distance when their ranks were thrown into confusion by the rush of stragglers through their lines. Seeing our colors at a distance, I ordered the skirmishers to-fall back at once and join them. I met Colonel Gibson near this point, and we selected a ground on which to rally our two regiments; but ignorance of the topography of the country and the operations of our cavalry threw me so far over to the right as to separate me from Colonel Gibson and involve me in difficulty with the rebel cavalry, which was swarming on our flank. The division train being threatened by this cavalry, I rallied as many men as possible to its support and escorted it safely and in good order to the Nashville pike. Here both myself and the other officers did our utmost to file the regiment to the right and join the centre of our army, but at this time the panic on the pike was at the highest and our men were swept away as by a whirlwind, leaving me but a handful of men and officers. With these, after having been under a murderous fire for over eight hours, with our colors lost and men dispirited, I joined General Joinson near the rear of the centre of our army. Had I been better acquainted with the topography of the country I might have saved more men; but hour after hour elapsed and I received no orders, and I did not even know where to direct my line of retreat; yet every obstacle, thicket, fence or ravine, was taken advantage of, and at no time was our fire relaxed. Our loss was terrible. We had thirty-one killed, including one lieutenant; one hundred and eighteen wounded, including two lieutenants, and two hundred and thirty-one missing, including one captain and one lieutenant. Of

Page  248 248 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. those reported missing I have reason to believe that very many are wounded, though, perhaps, slightly. How well the regiment fought let the above fearful list proclaim. Over thirty fell behind the fence D, while opposed to ten times their number, yet no man left his post until ordered. Lieutenant Neal, acting adjutant, fell here; no truer gentleman, no better soldier or braver man, belongs to the great patriot army. He fell at his post doing his duty; he is no longer with us, but his name is in his country's history and his memory is enshrined in the hearts of all who knew him well. Lieutenant Leawel was also wounded while in the discharge of his duty. He is a brave man and good officer. Most of the company officers acted manfully. I am under obligations to Captains McCoy, McClelland, Cody and Graham, Lieutenants Foot, Stanly, Mitchel, Clark, Hamilton and Scott for efficient and timely aid. Of Captain Thomas Herring, acting major, I cannot say too much in his praise; always at the post of danger, brave and cool, aiding here in rallying the men and there in directing the fire so as to render it most effective. He deserves well of his regiment and his country. Private James Gray, of company E, behaved nobly. No commissioned officer did more that day to rally the men than he did; he deserves promotion. Sergeants Boyce, Jones, Crozier, Noah Davis, Daniel Wilkins and Mark Molike are also worthy of mention. Assistant Surgeon John Gray did everything mortal man could do in caring for the wounded, and richly merits the deepest gratitude of the regiment and friends of the wounded. On January 1, 1863, the 49th Ohio and 39th Indiana were consolidated at therequest of Colonel Gibson, commanding brigade, and the request of the officers of the 49th. I assumed command of the two. My command took an important part in the manoeuvring in the right wing January 1, and also in the bayonet charge of the brigade on the evening of January 2. In this charge the men were in excellent spirits, and never in the history of the two regiments would they have fought with greater desperation than on that night. Three men of the 49th Ohio were wounded by shells thrown from the enemy's batteries. My thanks are due to Captains Hays, Gray, and Tyler; also to Lieutenant Kesler and Adjutant C. McNorton. Their untiring energy and zeal roused the drooping spirits of their men, and excited enthusiasm out of despondency. Very respectfully, F. W. JONES, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 39th Indiana. Captain CARL SCHMIDT, A. A. G. HEADQUARTERS 32D INDIANA VOLUNTEERS, Camp near MIurfreesboro', Tenn., January 7, 1863. SIR: I respectfully submit to you the official report of the part taken by the 32d Indiana volunteers in the late battle at Murfreesboro' and in the events of the days preceding. The regiment left the camp'near Mill creek on the morning of the 26th of December, 1862, and marched to Nolensville. On the 27th the regiment advanced to Triune. On the 28th, having the advance guard of the brigade, participated in a reconnoissance towards Shelbyville. On the 29th we left Triune, crossing over to within four miles of Murfreesboro'. On the 30th, the battle having commenced, the regiment moved up to the road and performed picket duty on the right flank of the extreme right of the army corps. On the morning of the 31st, firing having been heard on our left, Lieutenant S. Green, of the staff of General A. Willich, ordered me to draw in the pickets and move up to the brigade. Before I was able to summon seven companies of my command and form them in line, facing towards the centre, I observed the enemy's columns advancing and firing. At the same time a great portion of our battery,

Page  249 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 249 guns, caissons, and battery teams, together with a dense mass of infantry, in disorder, came rushing towards us, and breaking through the regiment, forced our men to give way and fall back. The confusion and panic having then become general, I was unable to reassemble the regiment until we had retreated along the creek for nearly three-quarters of a mile, when we succeeded in rallying about 200 of our men. I would respectfully state that Lieutenant Belling, of Captain Goodspeed's battery, had retreated with me with one gun, and by firing several times on the enemy checked their flanking columns. We then moved towards the centre of the engagement, firing on the enemy's cavalry at different times, and met at a rise of the ground the rest of the division, where Colonel Wallace, of the 15th Ohio, directed me to fall in line with his regiment. The enemy advancing at that time, we fought there for more than an hour, and being relieved by fresh troops, fell back and joined the brigade. In the afternoon of the 1st of January we moved to a strip of woods on the right of the first hospital on the Nashville road, and remained there during the night, picketing. On the 2d we moved with the brigade as reserve to the centre of the right wing. Towards 5 o'clock the brigade was ordered to charge on the enemy on the left of our centre. While the regiment advanced in line of battle towards Stone river, General Palmer rode up and ordered me to move the regiment by the right flank into a strip of woods on our right occupied by the enemy. On approaching said woods I received their fire and threw out my skirmishers to cover my advance. We then charged and drove them back to the edge of the hill, where the heavy firing commenced, the enemy contesting every inch of ground. My skirmishers, advancing on the right and left, unexpectedly found themselves within fifteen yards of the enemy, lying below the crest of the hill. At that time a regiment came up to our support on the right. They fired one volley and fell back in disorder. A second regiment (31st Indiana) came up in fine style, and at the right moment, assisted us in driving the enemy from his position, causing him to retreat precipitately and in great disorder across Stone river. It having grown night for nearly two hours it was impossible to gain more advantages or better results of the fight, keeping our position until relieved by General Palmer's pickets, after which we returned to camp. The casualties of December 31 amount to 2 killed, 13 wounded, and 115 missing; of January 2, 10 killed, 27 wounded, none missing. List of killed, wounded, and missing. Killed.-Company A: Privates William Roedel, Jacob Ostertag, and Berhard Mardoff. Company C: Private Frederick Pepper. Company D: Sergeant Louis Young, and Private A. Stemler. Company E: Private Frederick Meier. Company F: Sergeant Henry Kaiser. Company G: Sergeant Bancratz Hurst and Private Henry Weidenhorst. Company K: Privates Jacob Gessner, and Joseph Roetken. Wounded.-Company A: Privates John Wyss, Louis Schermeyer, John Stengel, and Frank Marx. Company B: Orderly Sergeant Frederick Knorr, Privates Frederick Urlan, and Jacob Forthoffer. Company C: Privates Louis Peitsch David Fischer, Christian Lipper, and Peter Rittner. Company D: Corporal G. Deuschle, Privates B. Binder, J. Faber, J. Remer, and A. Weihnacht. Company E: Privates Henry Hellwich, and William Schoepple. Company F: Privates Christian Bussian, George Schunck, Gottlieb Weidman, and Anton Weigle. Company G: Sergeants Math. Schwedelsicker, Frederick Becker, Louis Schilling, and Private Nic. Ostermann. Company H: Privates Philip Ecker, Aug. Kelbe, Joseph Bahole, Conrad Mueller, and Louis Wagner. Company I: Private Christian Gross. Company K: Sergeant Fritz Notzer, Cor

Page  250 25i0 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. porals Christian Jahn, John Zensius, Fritz Weber, Privates Philip Rickerick, Frederick Britthaus, Robert Camp, and Henry Roesmer. Missing.-Company A: Privates Jacob Sehuler, Sib. Walff, Jacob Hunt, Jacob Keihr, John Frick, Frank Rolfus, John Brumley, and William Muerke. Company B: Sergeant Peter Kraemer, Corporals Louis Nagel, Louis Wolff, Privates John Ardner, Henry Binkhoff, John Betz, Eberh'd Brown, Otto Brehn, Peter Brisbow, John Fick, Conrad Flaerke, John Treund, Adolf Kerner, Jacob Pfaertner, Ernst Schlegel. Peter Schnabel, Philip Schwertzer, Peter Spely, Aug. Stroh, George Weber, Peter Wendel, and Charles Zucknegel. Company C: Privates John Adam, Charles Aehle, Aug. Defloh, Wilhelm Degg, Christian Kessner, Michael Mueller, D. Sultan, Christian Schercher, Frederick Zreimer, William Ackermann, John Anger, and Louis Ellerbrook. Company D: Corporal M. Frisch, Privates Peter Zwickel, C. Sander, M. Vogel, F. Gaebler, F. Young, T. Ingenthron, George App, J. A. Schmitt, and G. Sturn. Comprny E:~ Musician Julius Berndt, Privates Math. Brosatt, Nicholas Fillbeck, George Graff, Gustav Klein, Frederick Locher, Tac Meyer, John Rolfes, George Stegmeyer, and D. Sandmann. Company F: Corporal Adam Liebler, Privates Frederick Aehler, Michael Dehninger, William Berg, John Bohleber, Samuel Gfroerer, Adam Kauffman, Adrian Muttag, Frederick Ochs, Martin Ritter, Adolf Sommer, and Herman Tiemeyer. Company G: Corporal Albert Raupp, Privates Henry Haefner, Christian Arnold, John Besenfelder, John Hummel, Henry Mitz, William Ott, John Saner, Michael Goeppner, John Waltz, and Anton Schmitt. Company H: Corporals Christ. Kray, Gallero Koenig, Privates Henry Blanke, George Mantz, John Lutz, John Ulrich, Aloes Busch, Julius Weber, John Faunicke, Caspar Huch, Thomas Taercher, James Humpher, and John Schoenstein. Company I: Privates Peter Schuessler, Joseph Harem, Peter Eckenfels, Louis Hacke, Michael Capeller, Marcellus Ossamows'ky, -Conrad Rollfing, Vail. Steiger, Frederick Stemper, William Walter, Anton Palest, and Me. Wendel. Company K: Privates Philip.Decker, George Denzer, Berthold Kamp, George Stroebel, and Fritz Kunow. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, FRANK ERDELMEYER, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 32d Indiana Volunteers. Colonel W. H. GIBSON, Commanding 1st Brigade. HEADQUARTERS 15TH INFANTRY OHIO VOLUNTEERS, January 7, 1863. In accordance with orders from Colonel Gibson, commanding brigade, I have the honor to report to you the part taken by the 15th Ohio in the march from Nashville to Murfreesboro', and the engagements in which the 15th participated. We were first engaged with the enemy on the morning of December 31, 1862, about 7 o'clock, when I found the enemy approaching in our rear, and received the order from Colonel Gibson to move out and form line of battle; to do this I countermarched the regiment and took up a position about ten rods in front of my camp. By the time this was accomplished, the - brigade, in rear of the 1st brigade, had given way, and, with the balance of our brigade, were in full retreat. We held this position only long enough to cover the retreat of our forces, when I gave the order to fall back. It was at this point where the brave and gallant Lieutenant Colonel Askew fell, severely wounded in the thigh, and was taken prisoner, and the no less brave Captain Douglass and Lieutenant Hillis also fell; Captain Douglass wounded in the breast, and Lieutenant Hillis in the thigh; both fell into the enemy's hands; all of the above have been paroled, and are now within our lines. Major McClennahan

Page  251 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 25 was slightly wounded in the shoulder, but made his escape on foot with the regiment. Five men of the regiment were killed at this point. The retreat wad through an open field, with a high fence to cross before we could get under cover of the woods. Most of my killed and wounded occurred at or near this fence. Having placed this fence between us and the enemy, we fell back in good order, keeping up a brisk and deadly fire on the advancing foe. I rallied the regiment about one half mile from my camp, being greatly assisted by Captain Dawson and Adjutant Du Bois, both of whom showed themselves to be brave and gallant officers. At this time I found myself in command of the brigade, and my report of the 15th for the balance of the day will be included in that of the brigade, which was rallied here, and with one piece of artillery, under Lieutenant Belding, we checked the advance of the rebel column. Lieutenant Belding is deserving of great praise for the admirable manner of handling his piece; from the effects of three shots not less than one hundred of the enemy fell. When in command of the brigade, Adjutant Norton, of the 49th Ohio, Captain Schmitt, Lieutenant Mills, Lieutenant Green, and Lieutenant McGrath, of General Willich's staff, rendered invaluable assistance in rallying the men, in charging the enemy, and conducting the retreat. Captain Dawson took command of the 15th Ohio, Major MeClennahan not feeling able to do so, and once when there was danger of the men breaking in wild confusion, he seized the colors of the 15th, and by a united cheer the brigade was again formed and checked again the enemy's advance; the brigade fell back at last in rear of General Rousseau's lines and formed again, and held the rebels' advance in check, but were again compelled to fall back by the overwhelming numbers of the enemy in rear of General Van Cleve's division, who put a stop to the further advance of the enemy. * On the evening of this day I learned with pleasure of the safety of Colonel Gibson, who took command of the brigade. Under his direction the 15th'took part in the manoeuvring on the right the following day, and on the succeeding day was present in the charge made by the 1st brigade upon the right of the enemy, and in which but one man of the 15th was injured, Sergeant Malin, who was struck by a piece of shell in the thigh. Major McClennahan rejoined the regiment on the 3d, having been ordered to do so by the brigade commander. I am pleased to mention with pride the gallant bearing of all the company officers of the 15th who took part in the action of the 31st and the following days of the conflict. They did their whole duty under the trying circumstances under which they were placed. Lieutenant Fowler was wounded slighly in the right leg, and taken prisoner on the 31st, but he is now within our lines. From the 31st of December to the evening of the 4th of January, the loss of the 15th was: Killed, 17; wounded, 68; missing, 127. Your obedient servant, WM. WALLACE, Colonel, Commanding 15th Infantry Ohio Volunteers. Captain C. SCHMITT, A. A. G. 1st Brigade, 2d Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps. P. S.-I cannot close my report without speaking in terms of highest commendation of Dr. Kelly, of this regiment, who remained with our wounded, and by his untiring efforts succeeded in having our unlucky braves made as comfortable as the nature of the circumstances would permit.

Page  252 252 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Report of the casualties of the 49th Ohio volunteers, in the action of December 31, 1862. Lieutenant Colonel Levi Drake, killed; Major B. S. Porter, wounded. Company A.-(Captain S. F. Gray.)-Killed: Corporals William Clark, George W. Platt, Privates Charles Witherbee and John Roller. Wounded: Second Lieutenant T. F. Ray, slightly; Privates Ebenezer Henderson, S. M. Dixon, slightly; G. W. Brookes, slightly; James Linch, slightly; Martin Butler, slightly; Salamus Bowlby, slightly; James Gilpin, slightly; George Benham, slightly; and A. J. Ryan, slightly. Missing: Sergeant G. WV. Vail, Corporals Edward Bearse, William Bowring, Henry H. Ludwig, Privates Henry C. Stevens, Ephriam Edwards, John W. Davis, David Bender, and Josiah Kirmell. Company B.-(Captain J. E. McCormick.)-Wounded: Orderly Sergeant W. T. Lutz, slightly; Privates John Festler, slightly; David P. Grubb, severely; Daniel W. Smith, slightly: Theodore Gibson, severely; and James H. Vannater, severely. Missing: Sergeant David H. Dagwall, Corporals David Stewart, B. H. Fansey, Philip Miller, Privates John Clevidence, David A. Bennett, David M. Winn, Pleasant Tracy, M. L. Shade, Andrew Berkert, William Stevenson, Oliver Ragan, Samuel Myser, W. H. Black, H. Clay Myres, William Bayer, G. W. Pancoast, and A. P. Havens. Company C.-(Captain Amos Keller, fatally wounded, since died.)-Killed: Corporal Joseph Stough; Privates Joseph Porter Moore, Edward Patrick Hatten, Daniel Messmore, and William Myres. Wounded: First Lieutenant Aaron H. Keller, severely; Privates Silas Bland, slightly; Samuel Core, slightly; James P. Rader, slightly; Ohen H. Rader, slightly; Oliver J. Keller, slightly; Bradford Charles Spicer, slightly; George T. Cost, slightly; and John C. Knipple. Missing: Second Lieutenant Andrew G. Brown, Privates Uriah Bower, Roswell Dame, Henry Shaffer, John Wood, John P. Cost, William Nagle, and Philip Blom. Company D.-(Captain G. W. Culver.) —Wounded: Captain George W. Culver, slightly; Second Lieutenant Milton Cowgill, slightly; Corporals J. C. Loy, slightly; W. P. Blackburn, slightly; Privates Nathan Ravert, slightly; C. B. Morgan, slightly; G. W. Mulholland, slightly; S. A. Dorborough, slightly; David Cramer, slightly; and Amos Bretz, slightly. Missing: Privates Henry Campbell, William Michaels, James Zint, Marshall Eckelbery, William Dean, and Wilson Carr. Company E. —(Lieutenant Jacob Miller.)-Killed: Private James W. Ferris. Wounded: Corporal Aaron Sohr, severely; Privates Eli Warner, severely; William Hinneman, severely; William A. Carlisle, severely; Almon Riker, severely; Justin Eller, slightly; Oliver G. Jacobs, slightly; Lorenzo Emmons, slightly; Robert Caldwell, slightly; Henry Pennell, slightly; Benjamin F. Smith, slightly; Pliny Trumbo, slightly; Ruben King, slightly. Missing: Corporals Franklin Crowell, Winfield G. Stevens, Privates Sidney J. Graham, Walter Young, James Caldwell, David A. Sprout, Franklin S. Richards, Gideon Sabins, Alexander Bowman, and David Williams. Company F. —(First Lieutenant John Kessler.)-Killed: Corporal Isaiah Terry and Private I. N. Anderson. Wounded: Second Lieutenant I. O. Totten, slightly; Sergeant L. Laughlin, slightly and missing; Corporal Eli Lewman, slightly; Privates Albert Dodge, severely; I. G. Shutts, slightly; Thomas Burdell, slightly; L. S. Porter, slightly; and William Burdue, slightly. Missing: Sergeant C. W. England, Corporals W. H. H. Wadsworth, C. C. Laughlin, Privates M. Rogers, W. Addelspeher, George Davis, Gustavus Baesch, Jonathan Durfree, and Michael Baker. Company G.-(Sccond Lieutenant I. H. White.)-Killed: Sergeant Joseph

Page  253 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 253 J. Basom, Private Washington Rummell. Wounded: Corporals John W. Reynolds, slightly; John Caldwell, slightly; John D. Myers, severely; and Private William H. Vance, slightly. Missing: Second Lieutenant Isaac H. White, Corporal Richard L. Hudson, Privates John W. Currell, Charles W. Cooley, Benjamin F. Culver, Mathias Fowwather, James S. Gibson, George B. Good, John Henry, Amos E. Kitchen, William Rohenall, Samuel Sower, William Storm, Walter Weber, and Jerome Williams. Company H.-(First Lieutenant H. Chance.)-Wounded: Orderly Sergeant Clayton Everett, severely; Sergeants Francis R. Stewart, slightly; Frederic Werner, severely; Corporal Simpson P. Miller, slightly; Privates Elisha Hale, severely; John W. Bossler, slightly; John W. Chilcote, slightly; Reuben Casey, and Carolus Simon. Wounded and Missing: Corporal Isaac W. Lenard, severely; Privates John Johnson, slightly; Niloba H. Glick, slightly; Samuel Nesbitt, slightly; Julius Leitner, severely; and Jeremiah C. Hartz. Missing: Privates Allva Angel, George W. Fritcher, Daniel B. Musgrove, Henry Wickard, Theodore Whitman, Charles Werner, and Simeon G. Crawford. Company 1.-(Captain M. E. Tyler.)-Killed: Privates William I. Lisle, and Austin Himmell. Wounded: Sergeant John M. Cartwright, slightly; Privates Hiram L. Reed, slightly; William Hashberger, severely; Peter Leffler, severely; Thomas Barker, slightly; William A. Bushong, slightly; James E. Huston, slightly; James S. Carver, slightly; John Fahey, slightly; Thomas W. Prentiss, seriously; Warner White, prisoner, slightly; Samuel Terrell, slightly; and Thomas Van Buskirk, fatally. Missing: Sergeant Ezra Phelps, Corporals George D. Harris, Arthur Bell, Privates Uriah Johnson, Andrew Clark, David Jack, Samuel Faltner, Jonas Lenhart, William H. Craig, and Jacob Leffler. Company K.-(Lieutenant S. M. Harper.)-Killed: Privates Charles Whittem and Henry Messel. Wounded: Corporal William H. Musgrave, severely; Privates John Lawrence, severely; Franklin S. Brobst, slightly; Alexander C. Parjelis, slightly; and J. M. McConnell, (nature of wound not known.) Missing: Privates Silas Debolt, William Emerson, Henry K. Funk, James R. Green, Samuel T. Kearns, Edward P. Marble, Wilson S. Orm, Nathan Zimmerman, and Jesse Dicken. Recapitulation. Company A.-Killed.... 4......Wounded.... 10.....Missing... 9 " B. "..... 0.... 6.......... 18 " C..... 5......... 9.......... 8 s" )D. ".... 0......... 10......... 7 " E. ".... 1...... ".... 13......... 10 " F. 2.......... 8..... 10 G. 2".... 2........ 4...... ".... 15 H. ".... 0........ 15.......... 13 " I. " 2.......... 13......... 11 K. "........ 5..... ".... 9 Total, killed.... 18........wounded....93.... missing....108 Aggregate, 219. Respectfully submitted, O. B. HAYS, Captain, Commanding. D. R. COOK, Sergeant Major and Acting Adjutant.

Page  254 254. REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. HEADQUARTERS FIRST REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEERS, In Camp, January 5, 1863. CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report the part taken by my regiment in the recent battles and skirmishes about Murfreesboro'. On the morning of the 27th of December, 1863, when about a mile below Nolensville,the enemy appeared in our front. I was ordered by you to form a line of battle on the right of the pike, my left resting on the right of the 6th Indiana, and deploy two companies as skirmishers, and to advance. I did so, deploying company B, Lieutenant Dumbusch commanding, and company D, Lieutenant Hayward commanding. We had severe skirmishing all day, but drove the enemy before us, and encamped near Triune. On the morning of the 30th of December we were ordered to join our division, which had preceded us the day before, within about four miles of Murfreesboro'. We arrived about four o'clock, and, after making a reconnoisance on our right, we fell back and bivouacked for the night in a piece of woods in the rear of our division. On the morning of the 31st, about half-past six o'clock, I heard what I thought to be heavy skirmishing on our right. I immediately ordered my command under arms, and marched to and halted on the edge of the woods just to the right of where we bivouacked the night previous. A few moments after, by your orders, I moved forward at a double-quick across a large open field and formed my line behind a rail fence, on a line with the 6th Indiana, (they occupying a piece of woods to my left,).with two pieces of Simonson's battery between us, the 79th Illinois and 30th Indiana occupying the right, the 79th in reserve. I ordered Lieutenant Hayward, company D, to deploy the first platoon of his company as skirmishers. This had hardly been done when the enemy appeared in our front in three dis. tinct lines of battle, followed by columns closed in mass, several batteries of artillery, and a large amount of cavalry, the left of their lines extending not less than one-fourth of a mile to the right of the 30th Indiana. As soon as they arrived within about one hundred and fifty yards of my line, I opened fire, which checked their advance for about fifteen minutes. Their line then: in front of me seemed to separate, and I saw them marching by the flank to the right and left of us. Immediately after this maneuvre the two regiments on my right gave way and left my flank entirely unprotected. The enemy's left then changed their front to the right and marched diagonally towards my right. At this moment the 6th Indiana was forced from their position, the enemy immediately taking possession of the fence they occupied. They then again appeared in my front and opened an enfilading fire on my regiment. Finding it was imposbible to hold my position without being annihilated, I ordered my regiment to fall back, intending to take a position in the rear of the Louisville Legion, who were at that time supporting me. My regiment started back in good'order, but coming in contact with the Louisville Legion, (Colonel Berry having just ordered a change of front forward on first company to protect our right,) we became entangled with them, as we did also with the 93d Ohio, whom you had ordered to our support. I then fell back in some confusion to the woods occupied by me some half hour previous. Here I tried to form my line, but again became entangled with a part of the first brigade. My regiment became scattered and it was impossible to get them into line until we had fallen back through the woods into a cotton field and into another piece of woods. Here, by your help and the united efforts of my officers, I succeeded in rallying part of my regiment and took position on the left of Colonel Berry, who had also succeeded, in rallying part of his regiment. Here the enemy was checked and driven back a short distance, but they soon rallied and came down in a solid mass, and we were obliged again to retire. In a short time after I rallied a portion of my regiment, and meeting Captains Trapp and O'Connell, who had succeeded in doing the same, (in all amounting to about 100 men,) I halted and

Page  255 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 255: formed a line. Here I was joined by a portion of the 93d Ohio, under the command of Lieutenant Harmon. I took command of the whole. At this moment I received an order from General Johnson to proceed immediately to a certain point, but the guide missed the place, so I took a position on the left of a regiment, (I do not know what regiment,) who were hotly engaged with-the enemy. Here I remained until I was ordered to fall back in the rear of General Rousseau's division, Soon after Colonel Anderson, of the 93d Ohio, came up and took command, and was ordered to proceed in the direction of the river; that we were needed there. Word soon came that our division was again forming on the left of the. railroad running towards Nashville. I immediately proceeded to that point, where I found about 100 more men of my regiment, under command of their respective officers. By your order, I again moved forward with the balance of our brigade to the support of another brigade who. were hotly contesting the ground we now occupy. After a short and severe fight the enemy were driven off, and with considerable fighting and skirmishing it has been held ever since. The loss in my regiment is heavy, so far as heard from. 8 non-commissioned officers and privates killed; 1 officer and 46 non-commissioned officers and privates wounded, and 81 missing; a partial list of which you have already received. My officers and men behaved most gallantly, and I do not think there are any soldiers in the world that could have done better under the circumstances. I would most respectfully recommend for your favorable consideration Captain Kuhlman, company B, acting field officer; Captain Trapp, company G; Captain O'Connell, company F; Captain Pomeroy, company E; Captain Prentiss, company H; Captain Hooker, company A; Captain Snodgrass, company I; First Lieutenant Henry Dumbusch, company B, commanding;First Lieutenant George Hayward, company D, commanding; Adjutant Samuel W. Davies, and Second Lieutenant Kuhlman, company B, commanding company C; Second Lieutenant R. Chappel, commanding company K; Second Lieutenant Denny, company G, and Second Lieutenant Varian, not yet assigned to any company. They are all justly entitled to the thanks of their superiors for their gallant conduct in the past few days. All have been engaged in the service during the breaking put of the rebellion; have been in several engagements, and proved themselves worthy the confidence reposed in them. A more gallant and braver set of officers never entered a field. 1 would also mention our surgeons, Drs. Wilson and Barr. They performed their duties faithfully and unflinchingly. I had forgotten to mention that some time during the day a portion of my regiment, under Lieutenant Dumbuscb and Adjutant Davies, gallantly repulsed a charge of the enemy's cavalry, and drove them off altogether. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. A. STAFFORD, Major 1st Regiment Ohio Volunteers, Commanding. Captain BURNS, Acting Assistant Adjutant General 4th Brigade. HEADQUARTERS L. L., 5TH REGIMENT KENTUCKY VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, In Camp, January 8, 1863. SIR: Having been called upon to furnish a report of the operations of my command from the 26th day of December, 1862, to the 4th day of January, 1863, inclusive, I have the honor to submit the following: On the morning of the 26th of December, 1862, being on picket duty with my regiment, I received orders to join the column marching southward on the Nolensville road; we reached Nolensville at three o'clock the next morning.

Page  256 256 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. At daylight of the 27th I was ordered forward, and marching three miles we found the enemy, with some artillery, prepared to obstruct our march. We were thrown out on the right of the road, and immediately pushed at them, but they fell back to a new position; and this was repeated time and again throughout the day, till we reached a point one mile south of Triune. We traversed in line of battle this day some four or five miles of country, made up of corn and cotton fields, thickets, swamps, and woods. I sustained no loss in this skirmish. Sunday morning, December 28, I was ordered to support General Willich in a reconnoissance; no enemy was found, and we returned to camp. On Monday General McCook's command having moved off towards Murfreesboro', distant some fifteen miles, we were left near Triune to prevent the enemy interrupting the march of the main column; here we remained till the morning of the 30th, when we marched off towards Murfreesboro' and rejoined the division, which we found moving into position beyond Wilkinson's Crossroads. In a short time orders came for us to support a cavalry reconnoissance of the country lying to the right of our front. No enemy was found in this direction and we returned to the division; we were then placed in position as a reserve for the other two brigades of General Johnson's command, occupying the extreme right of the army. Early the next morning I received orders to form a line of battle 150 paces in rear of the 1st regiment Ohio volunteers; this done, the command forward was given. (In this advance Captain A. H. Speed, of company C, was struck in the abdomen by a spent ball and severely injured, but, like a true soldier, he retained the command of his company until late in the evening, when he was ordered to the hospital.) When the 1st Ohio reached a fence on the crest of a hill it became hotly engaged; at the same time there was rapid firing from the 6th Indiana on the left, and also from some regiment on the right of the 1st Ohio; a section of Simonson's battery had been moved to the front, to the left and abreast of the 1st Ohio; a battery of the enemy immediately opened upon it, and their shells killed and wounded many of my men; presently I observed the regiment to the right of the 1st Ohio in full retreat, and in a few minutes I saw the 1st Ohio moving to the rear. I could see no enemy on account of the intervening ridge, and supposing that the 1st Ohio had exhausted their ammunition, I instantly prepared to take its place, but just before it reached my lines, to my utter amazement, a mass of the enemy appeared, moving obliquely upon my right flank. A change of front was imperative; whilst executing this movement, refusing my right to the enemy, the 1st Ohio passed through the right of my regiment and threw into great confusion my four right companies; their officers promptly arrested this, and I here take occasion to thank Captain John Lucas, commanding company F; First Lieutenant Thomas Forman, commanding company A; First Lieutenant Joseph E. Miller, commanding company D; and Second Lieutenant A. Sydney Smith, commanding company I, for their steadiness at this trying moment. In the meantime my left getting into position poured its fire into the steadily advancing columns of the enemy. But the troops to my left were giving way, and the enemy getting a battery into position, almost enfiladed me; the right of the division was completely crushed in, and I had no connexion, consequently no protection, here. It was soon manifest that I must fall back or be isolated. A new position was taken some two hundred paces in rear of our first, and here I believe we could have successfully resisted the enemy, but some general, I don't know who, ordered the entire line to fall back still further; and those who like rapid movements would have been more than satisfied with the celerity with which some of the floating fragments of regiments obeyed him. Pending this movement, my attention was called, by Colonel Baldwin, to a piece of artillery abandoned by those whose business it was to look after it. A full battery of the enemy were playing on it at the time. I immediately yoked the Legion to it, and, with Huston and Thomasson as the wheel horses, it was dragged to the railroad, where the new line was

Page  257 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 257 forming. I was shortly ordered to move by the flank further up the railroad, where a position was taken that was not assailed on this day. I had gone into the fight with 320 muskets, a portion of my command being on detached service; nineteen (19) men were killed, including Captain Ferguson, of company I, who was one of our best officers; eighty (80) were wounded, among the latter were seven (7) commissioned officers, viz: Lieutenant Colonel W. W. Berry, shot through the wrist; Major John L. Treanor, wounded by a shell in the thigh; Captain A. H. Speed, wounded in the abdomen; Captain L. P. Lovett, slightly in the thigh; First Lieutenant Frank Dissell, mortally; First Lieutenant John D. Sheppard, seriously through the left lung; and First Lieutenant William H. Powell, slightly in the shoulder, and twenty-six missing. Some of these, I am mortified to say, ran away at the first fire; their names shall be duly reported. During the engagement my color-bearer was shot, and down went the flag, but like lightning it gleamed aloft again in the hands of three men, struggling who should have it. Their names are John B. Scheible, company E; Charles Fleckhammer, jr., company H; and Sergeant John Baker, company D. The latter bore it throughout the remainder of the day. Private William Shumaker, of company G, was badly shot through the thigh, but persisted in fighting with the regiment till he was forced to the rear by order of his captain. I commend him for his devotion. Sergeant Major Willett deported himself most bravely, and deserves promotion. Adjutant Johnstone rendered me every assistance in his power, and I especially thank him. On the morning of the 1st of January I received orders to move further to the front. There was no general advance of our lines, though constant skirmishing through the day. Captain Thomasson had command of the skirmish line, and by his adroitness was mainly instrumental in the capture of 95 prisoners. The enemy held a dense wood about three hundred yards in front of us, in the edge of which were some cabins occupied by sharpshooters. I proposed to push forward my skirmishers and dislodge them, provided those on my right and left were simultaneously advanced. This, though ordered, was not done, and I did not deem it safe to expose my flanks; but towards evening the fire of these riflemen became so annoying that I was determined, at any cost, to stop it. I ordered Captains Hurley and Lindenfelser to move with their companies directly upon the houses and burn them. Across the open fields they dashed, the enemy having every advantage id point of shelter. Captain Huston was then ordered to their support, and'the place was literally carried by assault, the houses burned, and five of the enemy left dead upon the spot. This was the last we heard of the sharpshooters. The daring displayed by officers and men in this affair deserves especial consideration. But one man was hurt-Corporal Moneypenny, shot through the leg. The skirmishing in which my command took part on the days succeeding this was of an uneventful character, and I forego the details. Respectfully, your obedient servant, WM. W. BERRY, Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding. Captain WM. MANGAN, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 3d Brigade, HEADQUARTERS 93D REGIMENT, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 5, 1863. SIR: In obedience to your order I beg leave to submit the following report: At one o'clock on the morning of the 27th of December the regiment left Mill creek for Nolensville, at which place we arrived at 4 a. m. We went into Ex. Doc. 2 17

Page  258 258 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. camp one mile south on the Nolensville road; at 7 a. m. took up our line of march. The brigade commenced skirmishing with the enemy about four miles south of Nolensville. We were then ordered' to file to a field on left of Nolensville road, and were supports to the 6th Indiana volunteers. We marched in the above order until we arrived at Triune; here quite a brisk skirmish ensued, but, as the enemy's cavalry retreated before us on the road to Eagleville, my regiment was not engaged. Went into camp on the farm of -- Perkins at 4 p. m. On the morning of the 28th was ordered on picket to relieve the 79th Illinois volunteers, Colonel Reed commanding; remained until 12 m., the 29th, when brigade was moved back a short distance beyond Triune. Here we camped until 7 a. m. the 30th, when we started to join our division, which was encamped three miles northwest of Murfreesboro'; arrived at 3 p. m. We were then immediately ordered to report to General Stanley, chief of cavalry. After reporting to General Stanley, company "A" of my regiment was deployed as skirmishers through a cotton-field, and drove in rebel cavalry. The regiment then advanced through cotton and corn fields and meadows some mile and a half, when we were drawn up in line of battle, and marched so nearly one-half mile, when a very large cavalry force was seen drawn up in line of battle. We advanced to a fence and commenced firing at them; but, the range being so great and our loads having been long wetted, our shots did no apparent execution. We were then ordered to fall back, Stanley's cavalry covering our retreat. The rebel cavalry advanced a short distance, but made no demonstration. We were then ordered to go into the division encampment at the intersection of the Murfreesboro' road and a county road, crossing it about two miles from Murfreesboro'. This we did; but, finding that our brigade had been in the meantime ordered to act as reserve of the 1st and 2d brigades, under advice of General Willich, I ordered up the regiment and marched it into the reserve camp about a mile back and near General Johnson's headquarters, and remained in this camp all night. Upon the attack by the enemy immediately in our front, a little before 7 a. m. on the 31st, the brigade was ordered out to re-enforce our front division lines. The other regiments having been placed in their several positions, the 93d was ordered by myself to form line of battle upon the left of the 5th Kentucky, in the rear of which it had marched. But this movement was arrested by an order from Colonel Baldwin, with an order for it to remain in its form of column, and to await further orders. This order was obeyed, and the regiment (with two slight changes in advance as the other regiments marched forward into the open field to their second positions) so remained awaiting orders. All this time the 93d was in the woods of our encampment, parallel to the'field in which the 1st Ohio and 5th Kentucky were marching and forming their lines, whilst the 6th Indiana, in line of battle, occupied the fence at the hebad of this woods, and between it and the adjacent fields on the south. No further orders were given to the regiment, though twice asked for. In retreat the 1st Ohio fell back from the second position in line of battle. When that event took place, and whilst the two regiments in the field were retreating back to their first position, I ordered and began a deployment of my regiment as skirmishers across the woods, and extending from the left flank of these two regiments to the road on the east. Whilst in the actual process of this movement the colonel commanding the brigade intercepted it, and ordered the regiment to form in line of battle to the left flank of the two other regiments. I ordered the skirmishers to rally on the right wing, which had not yet begun its deployment, and the colonel commanding brigade then gave me orders, in person, to retreat. The regiment being still in line of battle 1 ordered it to about face, and to march in slow time. This order was executed for a little time in some regularity. The eniry poured into the woods and pressed on to our rear. The regiment, like the rest of the retreating troops, of course, much increased its speed, so that, hy the time it passed out of the woods into the cotton-field to the northward, the

Page  259 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 259 march had degenerated into a run. At this point and in the cotton-field the men of my regiment suffered quite severely. Notwithstanding, however, the number o' killed, wounded, and scattered, a small remnant of the 93d was rallied with those of the division, and it may be from some other divisions, and formed in line of battle in the large woods, containing in all several hundred men. This line was again faced to the front and marched a short distance against the enemy, which by this time passed the cotton-field, entered the woods, and were again flanking our right in very great force. Another retreat having been ordered, this whole body of troops retreated once again under the support of General Crittenden's wing. No other event of special interest occurred in th6.regimental history of this day, except that several of its officers and many of its men, after being separated from the regiment, united themselves to other regiments, and fought gallantly during the subsequent conflict. Several of these men were thereby killed and wounded. In a temporary absence from my regiment, in order to have two slight wounds looked at and dressed by a surgeon, the remnant of mine, with that of his regiment, was left with Major Stafford, of the 1st Ohio volunteer infantry. Upon rejoining my regiment I received orders from Lieutenant Colonel Michler, aide-de-camp of General Rosecrans, to form on the extreme right of the line of battle. This I did, and then rejoined the colonel commanding and what was left, at that time, of the brigade. These little and trivial details seem to make a sufficient record of my regiments share in these great proceedings; for a fuller statement of the various casualties to my command I beg leave respectfully to refer to previous reports and this accompanying addendum. Total number killed, as far as heard from, 12; total number wounded, as far as heard from, 45; total number missing up to date, 64. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, CHARLES ANDERSON, Commanding 93d Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Colonel BALDWIN, Commanding 3d Brigade. List of casualties in the Ninety-third Ohio volunteers. Killed.-Corporal Joseph Fry, company A; Private Wayne Thompson, company C; Sergeant Willard P. Lane, Corporal Swain Corson, and Privates William Ogg and George B. Kumter, company F; Privates James Kennedy and George B. Sayler, company G; Sergeant Joseph Wiley and Privates Henry Siler and Alfred Shister, company H; Corporal William McKee, company K. Wounded.-Captain William H. Martin, Corporal Ira B. Ham, and Privates William Hellrigle, Daniel Lehman, William Lichlider, and Francis Kappe, company A; Sergeant Tingle, Corporals Jesse Foster and Wolf, and Privates Sholtz and Lerin, company B; First Lieutenant J. T. Patton, Sergeants L. L. Sadler, J. Falconer, and J. Neville, and Privates W. C. Stewart, and Z. Dodge, company C; Private John N. Logan, company D; Sergeants A. H. Mason and Jacob Voegel, and Privates O. W. Weidman, H. B. Ulm, and H. Hippart, company E; Privates Richard Shaw, Flichinger, Emery Carle, John Wagner, and McNeff, company F; Privates J. W. Johnson, Joseph H. Ramsay, and Martin C. Benit, company G; Second Lieutenant Daniel Shewman, Sergeant F. W. Austin, and Private Albert Brower, company H; Sergeait Logan and Privates J. Hammond, J. Esser, and J. Cline, company I; First Lieutenant- George Schultz, Corporal Martin Ellen, and Private Benjamin Fharts, company K.

Page  260 260 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. List of casualties in the Fifth Kentucky volunteers. Killed.-Private John W. Sutton, company B; Privates Henry Miller and Mike Connelly, company C; Sergeant Elijah Tansille, Corporals Benjamin Drew and Patrick Burke, and Privates Costhar Graham, G. Ptiffer, and Conrad Braund, company D; Corporal Adam Newkirk, and Privates John Gottschalk and George Beaumister, company E; Corporal John Lacy and Private Michael Fallon, company G; Corporals William Summan and James McDonald, company H; Captain Alexander Ferguson and Corporal John Moose, company I. Wounded.-Lieutenant Colonel W. W. Berry and Major J. L. Treanor, First Sergeant James F. Cullen, Sergeant Paul Clinton, Corporals Benjamin D. Edsill and Robert Cosgrove, and Privates W. W. Cassiday, Robert Johnson, Thomas Loftus, Patrick Vale, and Jeremy McCormick, company A; Captain L. P. Lorett and Privates James Conan, James Wooman, Alexander Mullen, William Stewart, Thomas Murray, and John Metz, company B; Captain Asaph Speed, Color Sergeant William Shaw, Corporal John Brown, and Privates Thomas Sly, Jacob Barbee, John Cronin, and Lewis Sergeant, company C; Corporal David Hard and Privates Aust D. Sweeney, Patrick Gilligan, John Manion, Michael Keenan, Benjamin Patrick, John McCormick, Francis M. Tucker, Sebastian Mill, and James Donnelly, company D; First Sergeant Frank Dissell, Sergeant Frederick Knomer, Corporal Barnhardt Seiner, and Privates Jacob Asent Barnhardt Kiel, and Philip Schneider, company E; First Lieutenant W. H. Powell, and Privates C. H. Johnson, Albert H. Laycock, Andrew J. Smith, John Stratton, and William Schnapp, company F; Corporals Walter Lacy, William Shoemaker, and Charles Anderson, and Privates Martin Brophy, Francis Shaiffer, Benjamin Concklin, August Depoir, Daniel Dunn, Thomas Ferrar, and Thomas White, company G; Corporal John Hoffman and Privates Squire Cable, Antone Bessinger, Charles Flickhammed, William Factor, George Haltubaum, Frederick Jones, Frank Klespie, Thomas McNickle, William Shever, Andrew H. Ward, and James P. Williams, company H; Privates William Carter, Henry Hailman, Thomas H. Johnson, and Henry Schroder, company I'; First Lieutenant John D. Sheppard, Corporals Thomas Manypenny and Elisha Chandler, and Privates Thomas Eagan, James R. Carter, Michael Conner, John J. Gately, William H. Ross, and Michael Higgins, company K. Missing.-Private Patrick Carney, company A; Robert Beatly, Peter Sutton, William Rodricker, and Thomas Frothingham, company B; Corporal Henry Hoos, and Privates James Hagerman, James Carroll, Benjamin Davis, George Hughes, John McLaughlin, and Peter O'Connell, company C; Privates Paul D. Kauffer, Philip Kline, Joseph Stoltz, William Stranch, and Victor Gienlich, company E; Privates James H. Hughes, Jacob Munger, Matthew Mutchler, and John M. Wirley, company F; Private Thomas Burns, company G; Privates Harrison Summers and Frederick Brunner, company H; Privates John A. Donahoo and Thomas J. Craddock, company K. List of casualties in the First Ohio volunteers. Killed.-Company A: Private Matthew Webster. Company B: Private Fred. Bierbaum. Company D: Privates Samuel Bearsby, Charles Scoby, and Eugene Roberts. Company H: Private Henry Sharp. Company K: Private Jas. M. Doman, Corporal Austis L. McKinney. Wounded.-Company A: Corporal Robert Shannon. Privates John W. Reed, Nimrod A. Webb, Freeman D. Wolf, and Wesley Bennet. Company B: Sergeant Jacob Reuner, and Private Wm. Trabien. Company C: Privates

Page  261 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 261 Thomas Dickensheels, James Galloway, Frank Savoy, Charles A. Stone, and Joseph Platt. Company D: Lieutenant Alex. Varian, Corporal George Jeunsen, and Privates Hugh Gray, Robert Waterson, and Horace Conant. Company E: Corporal Reuben Parker, and Privates George H. Potter, and James L. Houser.. Company G: Sergeant W. F. S. May, Corporal Peter M. Trapp, and James Robinson; Privates Nicholas W. Fulk, Henry C. Neff, James W. Allen, Oliver L. Lockhart, and Michael Sullivan. Company H: David McLeisch, Dawin Melhizio, Edwin Murray, and Joseph Slack. Company I: Privates Frank Prouse, John Marquis, Emanuel Dubbs, Patrick Bonner, Geo. W. Faucett, and Thomas Fox, bugler. Company K: Sergeant Charles W. Bodle, Privates Alexander Kiefer, and Lewis L. Speigh. Missing.-Company A: Sergeant Charles Young, Privates John Heberling, Jacob H. Hassan, Jessee Lewis, William Rockey, William Shetzley, Edward Stover, and Edward Thornbury. Company B: Privates Michael Koppnut, Daniel Heintz, Joseph Liebold, and Christ. Stolz. Company C: Privates Josiah A. Swain, Joseph Snell, Henry Carse, and J. M. Smith. Company D: Privates James Saley, and William Witherup. Company E: Private Richard Driver, William Key, James Miller, Allan A. Moore, William Moses, Theodore Parker, and Corporal James Shepherd. Company F: Sergeant Henry C. Coy, Privates Robert M. Dixon, Patrick Sexton, Michael Sherlock, and Ezekiel Burney. Company G: Privates John A. Cox, James M. Day, Thomas J. Hopkins, and Corporal John H. Willenham. Company H: Private Joseph Martin. Company I: Privates Joseph Fountain, Charles Blythe, John J. Craig. Company K: Corporal J. L. McKinney, Privates Dennis Howard and J. D. Lyon. List of casualties in the Fifth Indiana battery.. Killed.-Corporal James MI. Waters; Privates Daniel Richards and Philip Gaddis. Wounded.-First Lieutenant Henry Rankin; Sergeant Joseph H. Hughey; Corporals John J. English, William Henry, and Robert Bolton; Privates Wesley Ames, David Bricker, Stephen McKinsie, John Menderhall, Jacob Shoemaker, Daniel Myers, William Plummer, W. S. Brown, (company I, 1st Ohio volunteer infantry attached;) Christian Wise, (company I, 94th Ohio volunteer infantry attached;) J. B. Kurl, (company E, 1st Ohio volutneer infantry attached;) Samuel Roland, company A, (93d Ohio volunteer infantry attached;) Miles McNeff, and John Wagner, (company F, 93d Ohio volunteer infantry attached.) List of casualties in the Sixth Indiana voluntcers. Killed.-Corporal G. A. Benefield, Private W. T. Ellis, company A; Corporal Seby Jenfor, Privates B. F. Simpson, William Jolly, and James T. Shoemaker, company B; Privates Samuel Steele, Ira Roberts, and D. B. Simonton, company C; Private James Ray, company G; Privates James Earle, and John W. Sharpe, company H; Corporal John T. Harrol, Privates John H. Hipput and Edward McNery, company K. TVounded.-Corporal Samuel M. Storms, Privates George Smith, George Stephenson, John W. Anderson, Jeff Cooprider, and Ebenezer Marquis, company A' Sergeant John E. Tillman, Privates James S. Kitts, Stephen Jaspre, John Dixon, B. F. Hargrove, F. R. Monroe, Edward Askins, and William Fingate, company B; Privates Enos Clarke, Gordon Cummings, Robert Gaye, Virgil A. Brown, Wallace Dunlop, and William Young, company C; Privates Jonathan Eads, Caspar Leind, William Conway, John Long, and William Wallace, company D; Corporals James S. Meads, and Thomas W. Lewis, Privates James Underwood, Thomas Johnson, and John Brees, company E; Privates Elijah Bailey, and Cornelius Underwood, company F; Privates Alex

Page  262 262 REPORT OF MAJOR GENX1VAL ROSECRANS, ander Bradford, and Gideon Powell, company G; Privates A. J. Cotton, John F. Farrow, George A. Sheets, William P. Gossnel, James H. Vorhis, Robert Chillis, William H. Johnson, and J. D. Griffith, company II; Privates Virgil Baker, Nathan H. Glazel, Henry Dixon, William tnderwood, and Matthew Doyle, company I; Privates Lem. W. Jackson, James T. Jordan, James iR, Cactner, and William P. Ensminger, company K. Missing.-James Flynen, David S. Subyers, Dan. Conaway, Moses Lewis, and John McCarty, company A; Sergeant Caleb W. Whitmore, company B; Sergeant James Dilton, Privates William H. Dodd, Nathan T. Raper, William C. Gay, and Joseph M. Luckey, company C; Privates Charles Irish, August Sherlock, Patrick O'Brien, Norman B. Cook, James A. Duncan, Dominick Barrett, Carl A. Ramspot, and Alfred Vanote, company D; Sergeant J. Milholland, Privates W. J. Cosby, R. M. Truman, James Tewland, N. O. Ramsay, and Goe. Tolson, company E; Privates M. B. Cook, and Leonidas Bryant, company F; Privates Edward Martin, George W. Smith, Aaron Day, and Martin B. Cole, company H; Privates McMahon, and James Gorbit, company 1; John W. Wilson. Total.-Killed, 59; wounded, 235; missing, 102. P. P. BALDWIN, Colonel, Commanding 3d Brigade. WILLIAM MANGAN, Captain, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS 6TH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS, In camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 4, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report the part taken by my regiment in the skirmish fight on the 27th, also in the battle of the 31st ultimo. On the morning of the 27th, while on the march, some two and a half miles north of the village of Triune, on the Nolensville pike, we encountered the enemy near the intersection of the Bole Jack road and pike. I immediately deployed in line of battle on the right of the road, my.left resting. on the road, being supported on my right by the 1st Ohio, and the 93d Ohio in reserve. I at once advanced as skirmishers company A, Captain Kavanagh, and company B, Lieutenant McGannon commanding, when a running fight commenced; Captain Simonson, of the 5th Indiana artillery, shelling the enemy from the hill-tops, being energetically replied to by the enemy's guns. The fight continued until we arrived at Triune, where the rebels made a stand, when we charged double-quick their battery, and drove them from the field. We pursued them some two miles, they contesting each rod of ground, when they again made a stand. We again drove them from their position in precipitate retreat. Night coming on put an end to our day's labor. I cannot speak in too high terms of commendation of the gallantry of the officers and men of my command during the entire day; when we consider that for eight hours they fought under the hardest rain of the season, and in mud to the ankles, pressing forward to the mark of their high calling with the utmost cheerfulness, their endurance was worthy the highest commendation. On the 30th we marched from Triune to the field which was to be the scene of the battle of Murfreesboro', a distance of sixteen miles, where we arrived at 5 p. m., when we were at once sent some two and a half miles to the right of the right wing of the army; being informed that the enemy were in too large force to enable us to maintain our position, we returned at 9 o'clock to position first taken. At 7 a. m., on the 31st, I was posted in line of battle behind a rail fence, my right resting on an open field; a stalk-field in front, extending far

Page  263 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 263 to my left, a wood in rear, and also extending to my left. On my right, some seventy-five yards to the front, was a section of Simonson's 5th Indiana battery; to the right of it lay the 1st Ohio, behind a fence; also on my right, some seventy-five yards to rear, lay the Louisville Legion, also securely posted behind a fence, the whole supported by the 93d Ohio, Colonel Anderson. I promptly deployed as skirmishers the 1st platoons of company A, Captain Kavanagh, and company B, Lieutenant McGannon commanding. Some half hour after my skirmishers returned, being driven in by the enemy, their skirmishers in close pursuit. A few shots from my line served to hold them in check, when their main line advanced, deployed column after column, making some four or five lines approaching our front. When within one hundred yards I ordered my men to fire, and they went at it with a right good will, it having been difficult to restrain them so long. Our fire caused the enemy to waver, and checked their advance'; they were not idle, but threw upon us their leaden hail, which caused my men to hug closer their frail defence, delivering their fire with the steadiness of veterans. At this time the artillery ceased on my right, and in a few. minutes the 1st Ohio gave way and fell back on the Louisville Legion, who in turn also fell back before an overwhelming force of the enemy, who were passing my right flank in line of battle, their right passing within fifty yards of the right of my regiment, which produced some unsteadiness in one or two companies of my right, they getting out of place for the purpose of firing into the enemy's flank as they passed. I promptly rallied them to the-fence. In the mean time the line in front had advanced to within twenty-five yards of my line. A rebel regiment had crossed the fence on my left; those advancing on the 1st Ohio and Louisville Legion, on my right, were already some one hundred yards to my rear, and being closely pressed in front, I gave the order to" Fall back slowly and in good order," which was executed at a double-quick. At one time I had some wavering in ranks in consequence of some unauthorized person giving an order to fall back to the men instead of to me, but I rallied them without difficulty, and continued the fight. I fell back to a point some two hundred yards east of the Nolensville pike, when I formed the regiment in line, faced about, intending to renew the fight, but seeing General McCook, reported to him for orders. He ordered me to " march my regiment to the rear," which I did, hauling up on the Nashville pike, thence to the railroad, when I reported to you. On the 1st, 2d, and 3d instant my command bore a full share of the skirmish fighting on our part of the line; the particulars need not be mentioned here. I would do violence to my own feelings did I close this report without mentioning the good conduct and soldierly bearing of the men of my command. To the company officers I am greatly indebted for the steadiness of their several companies. I would be glad to name some of them, but where all have so ably done their duty it would be invidious to do so. I must, however, acknowledge the able, prompt, and energetic assistance I received from Major C. D. Campbell throughout the engagement. Herewith please find a list of our loss in killed, wounded, prisoners, and missing. Company A.-(Captain Delany Kavanaugh, prisoner.)-Killed: Corporal George A. Bencefield and Private William T. Ellis. Wounded: Corporal Samuel M. Storms, arm; Privates George Smith, foot; James Stevenson, hip; J. W. Anderson, hand; Jeff. Cooperider, slightly; George Messmore, and Eben Marquis. Missing: James Flynn, David S. Salyers, Dom. Conaway, and Moses Lewis. Captured: John McCarty. Company B.-(Lieutenant P. C. McGannon,)-Killed: Corporal Luly Jayne,, Privates Benjamin F. Simpson, William Jolly, and James Shoemaker. Wounded: Sergeant John E. Tillman, Privates James S. Kitts, Stephen Jayne, John

Page  264 264 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Dixon, B. F. Hargrove, T. R. Monroe, E. M. Adkins, and William Fungate. Prisoners: Sergeant C. Whitmore and J. M. Wilson. Company C.-(Lieutenant Cummings.)-Killed: Privates Samuel Stull, Ira Roberts, and David B. Simonton. Wounded: Privates Enos Clark, Gordon Cummings, Robert Guy, Virgil A. Brown, Wallace Dunlap, and William N. Young. Missing: Sergeant James Dillon, Privates William H. Doll, Nathan T. Rappee, William C. Guy, and Joseph M. Luckey. Company D.-(Captain Samuel Russell.)-Wounded: Privates Jonathan Eades, ankle; Caspar Land, leg; William Conway, John Long, and William Wallace. Missing: Privates Charles Irish, Aug. Scherloch, Patrick O'Brien, Norman B. Cook, James A. Duncan, Dominick Barrett, Carl A. Ramspot, Alfred Van Note, and Charles Donahue. Company E.-(Lieutenant 0. F. Rodarmel.)-Wounded: Corporal T. S. Meeds, Privates James Underwood, and Thomas Johnson. Missing: Sergeant Millholland, Privates J. W. Cosby, R. M. Freeman, and James Fewland. Prisoners: Privates J. N. O. Ramsay and George Tolson. Company F.-(Lieutenant A. J. Newland.)-Wounded: Privates Elijah C. Bailey and Cornelius Underwood. Prisoner: Private M. B. Cook. Missing: Private L. Briant. Company G.-(Captain Samuel T. Finney.)-Killed: Private James Ray. Wounded: Privates Alexander Bradford and Gideon Powell. Company H.-(Captain Frank P. Stroder.)-Killed: Privates James Earle and John W. Sharp. Wounded: Privates A. G. Cotton, John P. Farrow, George H. Sheets, William P. Gosnell, James H. Voorhis, Robert Chillis, W. H. Johnson, and J. D. Griffith. Missing: Privates Edward Martin and George W. Smith. Prisoners: Privates Aaron Day and Martin B. Cole. Company I.-(Captain S. D. Huckleberry.)-Wounded: Privates Virgil Baker, knee; Nathan H. Gloyd, Henry Dixon, William Underwood, and Matthew Doyle. Missing: Privates John McMahon and James Gorbett. Company K.-(Lieutenant George B. Green.)-Killed: Corporal J. F. Harrel, Privates J. H. Hyatt and Edward McVay. Wounded: Corporal T. W. Lewis, Privates Simon W. Jackson, James T. Jordan, James R. Casner, William P. Ensminger, and T. W. Lewis. I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, H. TRIPP, Lieutenant Colonel 6th Indiana Volunteers, Commanding. Colonel P. P. BALDWIN, Commanding 3d Brigade. HEADQUARTERS SECOND BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION, In Camp near lMurfreesboro', Tenn., January 8, 1863. SIR: In compliance with your order of the 7th instant I have the honor to respectfully submit the following report of the operations of this command since the 26th of December last up to the evening of the 31st ultimo. On the morning of the 26th of December last this brigade left camp near Nashville under command of Brigadier General E. N. Kirk and marched out on the Nolensville pike about twelve miles, where we camped during the night. Although there was heavy skirmishing in our front and on each flank, we were in nowise engaged with the enemy on that day, as there was a heavy force of federal troops in front of this brigade and between it and the enemy., On the morning of the 27th we were ordered to resume the march, and on that day the brigade was in advance of our whole forces, with the exception of the cavalry, which was thrown out as skirmishers in advance. About one mile

Page  265 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 265 from where we had bivouacked for the night, the enemy made his appearance in considerable force, composed of cavalry and supported by artillery, all of which opened upon us, and he showed a disposition to contest the ground over which we wished to pass. The 34th regiment Illinois volunteers and the 29th Indiana were promptly deployed as skirmishers, each regiment retaining a good reserve, and thrown forward with instructions to push on as rapidly as possible, which order was obeyed with alacrity and skill, and the other regiments of the brigade moved forward in line of battle, the 30th Indiana supporting Edgarton's battery. Owing to a dense fog, which enveloped everything so that we could not distinguish the troops of the enemy from our own, it was deemed prudent to halt until the fog partially disappeared, when we again moved forward, with continued skirmishing on our front, until we gained an elevated position overlooking the village of Triune. Here the enemy were in plain view, drawn up in line of battle, the centre of their line being in the village. Edgarton's battery opened upon them immediately with splendid effect, soon throwing them into disorder and disabling at least one piece of their artilery, as I have good reason to believe. While in this position a very heavy rain commenced, accompanied with fog, rendering an advance immediately hazardous. The fog disappeared again in about an hour, when we again advanced; but owing to the ground being very much softened by the rain, the men's clothes so saturated with water, that it was impossible to do so at the rate of speed desired. The enemy had destroyed a bridge across a stream that runs through the edge of the town, thus compelling the artillery to make a detour of nearly a mile to a ford, and by this means gained time to collect his scattered forces and withdraw. On that night we bivouacked about one mile south of Triune. During that day this brigade lost none in killed or wounded, but inflicted considerable loss upon the enemy. The officers and men engaged showed themselves to be cool, skilful and courageous, and behaved splendidly. We stayed at the above-mentioned place all of the 28th, and on the morning of the 29th took up our march for Murfieesboro'. During this day nothing of importance occurred. We bivouacked that night in an open field, without fires and in a drenching rain. On the morning of the 30th we were ordered out to take a position, preparatory to an expected attack upon the enemy. Heavy skirmishing and fighting Has going on in front of us during the whole day, in which we took no active part until about 3 o'clock p. m., at about which time we arrived at the extreme right of the line of our army. At that time the enemy had a battery of artillery stationed directly in front of this brigade, which was pouring a destructive fire into some troops on our left, belonging to Brigadier General J. C. Davis's division. General Kirk immediately ordered Captain Edgarton's battery to open upon it, which order was complied with with great execution, dismounting one of the enemy's pieces and killing quite a number of men in a very few moments, and driving him from his position. There was no more firing either from artillery or infantry that evening or night. The brigade was formed in line of battle-the 34th Illinois, Major A. P. Dysart commanding, on the extreme right, the 29th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Dunn commanding, next on the left; the 30th Indiana, Colonel J. B. Dodge, next, and the 77th Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Colonel Housum commanding, on the left; Edgarton's battery (E. 1st Ohio artillery) in the rear and to the left of the 34th Illinois, in a cedar grove, with rather a dense thicket immediately in front of the three left regiments. A strong picket line was thrown out from 150 to 200 yards in front, with a cornfield in front of their (the picket) line. Every precaution that was possible was taken to prevent surprise and to give seasonable warning of the approach of the enemy. The brigade was up and under arms for nearly or quite an hour before daylight. Just after daylight a part of the horsey of the battery were unhitched from the caissons and taken to water, which was close by.. Just at this moment the enemy made his appearance on our front

Page  266 266 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. and right in immense force and formed inl close columns, with a-front equal to the length of a battalion in line, and ten or twelve ranks in depth. General Kirk immediately ordered the 34th Illinois to advance to near where the picket was stationed, in order to check (at least) the advance of the enemy and save the battery, if possible, which movement was promptly executed under an awful fire, which almost annihilated the picket line, or line of skirmishers, which it reaMy was, and killed or wounded a large number in the line some 150 or 200 yards in the rear. The battery under command of Captain Edgarton immediately opened with canister upon the enemy, and only had time to fire eight rounds before the battery was taken. Nearly or quite one-half of the horses were killed, or wounded so as to be unmanageable, by the first fire from the enemy, and it was impossible to remove it from the ground. Captain Edgarton and his officers and men fought nobly, as the number of killed and wounded will testify, and did everything possible to maintain their ground against an overpowering force. The captain was taken prisoner while assisting to work his guns, and Lieutenant Berwick was bayonetted and taken prisoner while assisting him. General Kirk was seriously wounded at almost the first fire, and I then succeeded to the command of the brigade. The fire the enemy received from us, although well directed and as effective as a fire from two ranks generally is, produced no visible effect upon him as he moved his heavy column forward upon a double-quick. General Rains, who commanded a part of their column fell dead or mortally wounded at this point. The enemy then moved to the left oblique, or nearly, by his left flank, until his centre was opposite our extreme right, when he moved forward again, changing direction to his right as he did so, so as to bring his whole force upon our most exposed point. We held our ground until our ranks were not more than twenty yards from the enemy; when I was forced to retire, having no support and seeing that it was a needless waste of life to contend in that position with at least twenty times the number of men I then had left, which was done in the best order possible, across a cornfield in the rear and to the left of our first position to a field, one side of which was on rising ground and overlooking the ground over which the enemy must advance to attack. I here formed the 30th Indidna, at that time under command of Lieutenant Colonel O. D. Hurd, of that regiment, and the 79th Illinois, Colonel J. P. Reed commanding, that had just reported to me, (it having been detailed to guard a train the day before, and had just arrived upon the field,) behind a fence on the rise of ground before spoken of. Before the 79th Illinois reached the fence, and while it was at least 200 yards distant from it, the enemy made his appearance and instantly poured a terrible fire into their ranks; although a new regiment, they advanced with a firmness that would have done credit to veterans, and, after reaching the fence, poured a terribly destructive fire into the enemy. Here, assisted by Captain Simonson's (5th Indiana) battery, this brigade was unsupported, except by the 3d brigade, that was on our left, and almost alone succeeded in checking the enemy, bringing his columns to a halt, and requiring the utmost exertions of his officers to keep his men from flying in disorder from the field, during all of which time a tremendous fire was kept up. The enemy finally succeeded in throwing his left wing forward across the fence, thus outflanking this brigade and dislodging us from that position; but the number of dead left by him on that ground for five days afterwards show conclusively that it was by far the dearest position to him that he gained that day. Colonel Reed, of the 79th Illinois, was killed instantly while bravely urging his men on. In his death the service has lost a fine officer, a brave soldier and a true man. Adjutant Stribley, of the 30th Indiana, was also killed here. The service contained no braver or cooler officer than he. The 77th Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Colonel Housum, commanding at the time of tae occurrences above mentioned, was some 600 yards on the left of the troops under my immediate command, acting with a brigade in General Davis's

Page  267 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS, 267 division. While hotly engaged with the enemy Colonel Housum was wounded severely, of which he died shortly afterwards. He was a cool, clear-headed, courageous officer and gentleman. After being driven from the fence I retired my command to a piece of woods in the rear of my former position, the enemy closely following up with infantry on our rear, and cavalry on his left flank. I halted my command twice, and formed a line and undertook to hold him in check, hut it was impossible toddo but little, owing to our weakened condition and the absence of all support. I finally fell back to near the Murfreesboro' and Nashville turnpike, and made up my mind that the enemy must be stopped there. I had at that time the seventyseventh Pennsylvania, Captain Rose commanding, twenty-ninth Indiana, Major Collins commanding, and about 100 men belonging to the thirtieth Indiana, thirty-fourth Illinois, and seventy-ninth Illinois, in all about, at that time, 500 men. By command of Brigadier General Johnson I formed my little force on the right of Captain Simonson's battery, which was in action with one of the enemy's batteries, which was soon silenced, immediately after which it (Captain Simonson's battery, was placed in another position. I wish to be pardoned for testifying here to the skill, efficiency, and courage displayed by Captain Simonson and his officers and men during that day. I then moved my command some 150 yards to the right of where it had been while supporting the battery, into a piece of woods, and took a good position for defence. Some troops belonging to some other division moved in on my left just at that moment, and a moment after the remains of the column that made the first attack in the morning made its appearance, coming up on a double-quick. I immediately gave the command, forward, and my command met them, poured in a deadly volley and rushed forward. Their advance was stopped, their line wavered, and in a moment was in full retreat, and thus the brigade that received the first attack from this column in the morning had the satisfaction of giving it the first repulse it received during the day. I followed them but a short distance, when I got a regiment to relieve the command I had left, as they were entirely out of ammunition, and, by order of General Johnson, I took them back and formed along the railroad and got a supply. I was then ordered back to the bank of the river, where I awaited further orders. While there an officer rode up and informed me that the enemy's cavalry were attempting to cross the river some distance below, near an hospital, and that it was important that we should have a force there. There was no superior officer near, and I took the responsibility of at once moving to the point designated and forming in line. The enemy seeing us approach promptly fell back, but not until he had taken quite a number of prisoners, as I understand. I then returned to the turnpike, and at dark bivouacked in the woods near by, where we spent the night. On the morning of the 1st instant I placed my command in line, under your directions, and we immediately threw up a line of breastworks, behind which we bivouacked until the evening of the 3d instant, without any movement on our part, with the exception that on the 2d instant, at about 9 o'clock p. m., I was ordered to take four companies from my command, and a like number from the third brigade of this division, and advance to our front until I reached the Franklin turnpike or found the enemy in force. It was a very dark night, and I took my little command according to your orders, deployed the whole as skirmishers and started. I first crossed an open field or fields nearly to the woods in our front, where I could distinctly hear the enemy chopping and moving either artillery or heavy wagons. When we got about twenty yards from the edge of the woods, I distinctly heard officers giving commands to their men, and, fearful that I was going into a trap, I ordered my men to fire, which was'promptly obeyed, and my suspicions confirmed, as the enemy returned a withering volley in reply; found at least ten times the number I had with me. Having, ascertained that the enemy were in heavy force near our lines, thereby accomplishing the pur

Page  268 268 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. pose for which'I was sent out, I ordered my men to retire, which they did in good order, losing but four wounded; none killed. The officers and men under my command during this terrible battle behaved with great coolness and courage under the most trying circumstances. I cannot help but bring to the notice of the commanding general the gallant conduct of Captain T. E. Rose, of the 77th regiment Pennsylvania, who took command of his regiment after Lieutenant Colonel Housum was wounded, and who, by his skill, perseverance and energy, kept his regiment well together, and by his example urged on his men to attack the enemy when all around was disorder and confusion. Major Collins, of the 29th Indiana, took.command of that regiment about 9 o'clock a. m. on the 31st, after Lieutenant Colonel Dunn had by some means become separated from his command, fought nobly. Major Buckner, of the 79th Illinois, took command of that regiment after the death of Colonel Reed, and gallantly rallied his men, and showed himself worthy of a higher position than he now holds. Major A. P. Dysart, commanding the 34th Illinois, distinguished himself in his efforts to arrest the enemy's progress, and his regiment stood by him until it was utterly impossible for the same number of men without support to do so longer. Lieutenant Colonel Hurd commanding, and Major Fitzsimmons, (who was taken by the enemy,) of the 30th Indiana, showed that they were worthy of the positions they occupy. Both needlessly, almost, exposed themselves, and were untiring in their efforts to stop the progress of what seemed a victorious enemy. I can but express my heartfelt thanks to my staff for their conduct on the field-firm, cool, energetic and fearless, their assistance was invaluable. Captain D. C. Wagner, acting assistant adjutant general; Captain E. P. Edsall, acting assistant inspector general; Lieutenant J. C. McElpatrick, topographical engineer, and Lieutenants Baldwin and Walker, aids, were untiring in their efforts to rally the troops, and to their exertions the whole right wing of the army is, in my opinion, indebted. Dr. George W. Hewitt, acting brigade surgeon, was untiring in his exertions in behalf of the wounded, and was captured while at his post by the enemy; as was also Dr. Hostetter, of the 34th Illinois, Dr. Keen, of the 29th Indiana, and Dr. McAllister, of the 79th Illinois, were all taken where a surgeon should be in time of action, attending to the duties of their profession. While in the enemy's lines they were engaged night and day in taking care of our wounded. They have all been released since, and their horses retained by the enemy, in pursuance, as they report, of orders of General Wharton. Surgeon Downy, of the 77th Pennsylvania, was fortunately spared and stayed with the brigade. He was of invaluable service to those who were so unfortunate as to require the attention of a surgeon. The medical department of this brigade was in splendid condition; thanks to Dr. Hewitt and division medical director, Dr. Mark, and notwithstanding our loss in surgeons the wounded were well cared for. Chaplain Bradshaw, 79th Illinois, and Chaplain Decker, of the 34th Illinois, exposed themselves in the most fearless manner in taking care of the wounded, taking them off the field, &c., and proved themselves to be well worthy, at least, of the positions they occupy. This brigade met with a serious loss in the person of General Kirk, early in the engagement; he fell at the head of his brigade, trying manfully to resist and repel the overwhelming force thrown against it. Accompanying please find a summary of killed, wounded, and missing of this command. The missing are, a large majority of them, I fear, wounded and in the hands of the enemy; also, please find reports of regimental commanders of this brigade and complete list, by name, of casualties. Respectfully submitted. J. B. DODGE, Colonel 30th Indiana, Commanding 2d Brigade. Captian BARTLETT, A. A. A. General.

Page  269 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 269 P. S.-Excuse me for calling the attention of the general commanding to a gallant charge made by the 77th Pennsylvania, while they were separated from this brigade and were acting in concert with a brigade in Brigadier General J. C. Davis's division. A battery in possession of the enemy made its appearance directly in their front, and opened upon them. Lieutenant Colonel Housum ordered a charge upon it, which was obeyed instantly by his command; the cannoneers were either killed or wounded, the horses disabled so they could not move back; the 77th had possession of Captain Edgarton's battery, which the enemy had brought along with them, for a few moments, but before they could do anything more than compel the enemy to spike the guns, a heavy force of infantry made its appearance in their front and flank, and they were compelled to retire, during which movement Lieutenant Colonel Housum was mortally wounded. J. B. DODGE, Colonel 30th Indiana, Commanding 2d Brigade, 2d Division. General summary of killed, wounded and missing in the second brigade, second.division, (right wing,) in the battle before Mugfreesboro', Tennessee, on December 31, 1862. No. taken Field Comp'y Enlisted Total into action. officers. officers.. men. loss. Regiments. 3 $ 7r'7 79th regiment Illinois volunteers 5 16 416 1 - 3 3 25 68 121 7 212 219 29th regiment Illinois volunteers. 618 313 1 1 2 -14 66 51 4 131 135 6/18/ 31 30th regiment Illinois volunteers- 421 463 -- 1 2 1 30 108 70 5 208 213 77th regiment Pennsylvania vol.- 316 288 1- 1 2 4 28 28 4 60 64 Edgarton's battery................ Total............... 2390 1,810 2 2 4 0 890 368 34226 800 826 Very respectfully submitted, J. B. DODGE, Colonel 3d Regiment Indiana Volunteers, Commanding 2d Brigade. Owing to the absence of the officers and men of battery E, 1st Ohio volunteer artillery, I am unable to procure a report of casualties, &c., as required by your order. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, D. C. WAGNER, Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

Page  270 270 lREPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRAMS. HEADQUARTERS 79TH REGIMENT ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS, In the Field near Murfreesboro', January 7, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report to you that the 79th regiment Illinois vol-unteers left camp near Nashville on the 26th December, under command of Colonel S. P. Read, for Murfreesboro', via Nolensville, but was not in action until Wednesday, December 31. This regiment was detailed on the morning of the 30th as rear guard of the division train, and at night encamped on the right and to the rear of the brigade, as ordered, throwing out a strong line of skirmishers to the front and right. On the morning of the 31st the men were under arms at daylight, about which time the brigade was attacked in front by such a heavy force that it began to fall back. Colonel Read requested that I should go forward and learn of Colonel Dodge, who was then in command of the brigade, (Genei-a Kirk having been wounded,) what he should do. I did so, and told him that the 79th was ready and waiting to do anything it could. He directed me to tell Colonel Read to hurry the regiment forward as soon as possible; which was done, he bravely leading his men on to the field amid a destructive fire from the enemy. The regiment marched up on the " double-quick," until it arrived on the right of the 30th Indiana, becoming the right of the brigade, and commenced pouring a deadly fire into the ranks of the enemy. It was not long before I heard some one say that Colonel Read had fallen. I went immediately to where he was lying, and found that he had been shot directly in the forehead; thus falling at his post and facing the enemy. My attention was at once called (by one of the officers) to the fact that the enemy was flanking us on the right. I directed the men to fire right-oblique, but could not check them. They rushed forward, opening on us a deadly cross-fire. I saw that in a few moments we would be surrounded, and consequently ordered a retreat, which was made across an open field to the woods-a distance of some three hundred yardsexposed all the time to a destructive fire of artillery and musketry, killing and wounding a great many of our men. At the woods I tried to rally the men, but we were so closely pursued by overwhelming numbers that it was impossible. The regiment became very much scattered, although the officers did all they could to keep them together. Many of them joined other regiments and fought during the day. I was able to keep enough men together in the brigade to form a nucleus around which to rally. A few of our men acted cowardly; but the regiment, as such, fought as bravely as men could. As to the officers, I must say, to my personal knowledge, that Captains Van Deven, Young, Low, Martin, Lacy, and Pinnell, and also Lieutenants Mitchel, Williams, Fatton, Albin, Jacobs, Braddock, and Biglow, stood to the work, and have gained a name as brave officers. I must speak of Adjutant Lamb, as doing his duty as none but a faithful officer, likewise. Assistant Surgeons McAllister and Wheeler, who stayed with the wounded and dying, although they were compelled thereby to fall into the hands of the enemy for a time, they have done their part to the utmost to both officers and men. Last, but not least, the chaplain, C. S. Bradshaw, was with us all day, assisting to carry off the wounded. He conducted himself in such a manner as to command the love and esteem of both officers and men. Sergeant Major Harding did his part with true courage. Sergeants Boyle, of company C, and Harding, of company D, also deserve g great deal of credit for the manner in which they rallied their men, their commanders having been wounded early in the action. For numbers and names of killed, wounded, and missing I refer you to report already made. Respectfully submitted. ALLEN BUCKNER, Major, Commanding 79th Illinois Volunteers. To Captain D. C. WAGNER, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

Page  271 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 271 List of killed, wounded, and missing in the 79th regiment Illinois infantry volunteers. Killed.-Colon'el Sheridan P. Read. Company A: Sergeant J. H. Thomas, and Privates Henry Loop, George Lefler, and Thomas Berry. Company C: Privates George H. Green and Wesley Stricklen. Company D: Privates George Yeakle and A. Y. Trogden. Company E: Sergeant Harvey W. Peters, and Privates William Brackett, William Dillon, and Phineas Coffin. Company F: Sergeant Milton H. Craig, and Privates Joseph Walker, Wiley Jones, John J. Milliss, and J. Guinnip. Company G: Corporal Bosman Jacobs, and Private David Ball. Company H: Privates J. H. Smith and B. T. G. Fuller. Company K: Privates Henry Wamsley and Slacy Davenney. Wounded.-Company A: B. F. Lane, J. Cook, F. Canady, G. Hiddle, and A. Robertson. Company B: W. B. Watts, Edgar Smith, William Vincent, Clinton Davis, Henry Bould, Peter Greggers, Albert Castor, Michael James, Jacob Fraghen, and Jerry Veatch. Company C: Second Lieutenant John H. Patten, Sergeant A. Saunders, Corporals H. Elliott and J. H. Shank, and Privates John T. Jones, Jacob Leinen, George H. Rigg, (since died,) and J. N. Ewing. Company D: Captain T. A. Young, and Privates F. J. Paster, T. M. Elliott, John Chance, D. Green, T. Patterson, John Holston, J. Wallet, and William Greene. Company E: Second Lieutenant H. S. Albin, and Privates Asa A. Craft, Edwin Drake, Jas. H. Lyons, George Crist, Aden Wylie, George Pettit, J. L. Stewart, Owen Brewer, and John H. Boyce. Company F: Corporals George H. Redick and Henry B. Kille, and Privates Irison T. Crail, Jacob N. Furr, J. W. Cunningham, John Taylor, and Charles Clatfeller. Company G: Sergeant James Maden, and Privates Thomas Branden, Steven Grimes, H. D. Clark, and Olando Gomel. Company H: Privates T. R. Ogden, S. Stanley, J. H. Tetes, J. F. Redden, P. H. Zink, S. Hickney, W. H. Roberts. Company I: Privates Joseph M. Rolston, Enoch Harris, Alexander Chambers, and Alonzo McKee. Company K: Sergeant Josephus Danner, Corporal Hugh McKenney, and Private Thomas Davenny. Missing.-Company A: Privates C. P. Lake, L. Crumb, J. Conce, and S. Forhner. Company B: Sergeant John Abbott, Corporal Benjamin F. Shreves, and Privates John Dorjohn, Charles Howard, Cyrenius James, Samuel Randolph, Henry Randolph, Thomas Jester, Frederick Stoltz, Peter Schnack, and Hans Schnack. Company C: Corporals Alfred Lycan and J. S. Bradley, and Privates J. M. David, George Brundedge, Stephen Baylon, Frank Ray, G. W. Barnhardt, Jacob M. Jones, Charles H. Squire, Peter Stepp, and John Sullivan. Company D: First Lieutenant D. Elliott, and Privates George Elliott, H. Carpenter, Wim. Merriman, James Mehard, William Bixter, Dory Baxter, John Hart, G. R. Batty, M. Arbigast, James Price, D. Clouser, M. Sumner, P. Rader, John Cooper, John Adams, John Grover, John Pharis, L. Smith, John Hicks, Henry Pane, D. N. Price, and William Starr. Company E: Sergeant David N. Howard, Corporal John P. Ross, and Privates William R. Brown, Peter Cheesem, Harrison Entler, Spencer Gillogly, John Harris, Job Irish, William P. McWilliams, John Shee, and George Van Asdall. Company F: Privates C. W. Smith, Edmund Smith, James Ingle, Ruben Touts, George W. Reedy, Samuel Reedy, Lord B. Miller, W. W. Gilbert, and John Hazl. Company G: Captain 0. O. Bagley, Sergeants John Counly and Harvey Ingram, Corporal J. S. Reaves, and Privates D. M. Callahan, Daniel DeHart, J. S. Reader, J. H. Ingram, George Ingram, J. R. Willis, John Thomason, William Sears, Isaac Coshet, James Ferman, Alexander Hooper, Nelson Steepelton, and Richard West. Company H: Sergeant C. T. Estes, Corporals W. L. Kester, Asa Williams, and J. W. Davis, and Privates A. J. Boggs, C. Cass, J. M. Goodman, R. Howell, M. P. Norton, A. Shutton, J. W. Tites, J. C. Cole, and J. S. Bell.

Page  272 272 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Company I: First Lieutenant Henry Week, Second Lieutenant William Williard, Sergeant James Dolson, Corporal Iradel Evans, and Privates Cyrus Patten, Thomas Rolston, James S. Briggs, William Partlow, Daniel Thompson, George F. Hampston, and Elijah Goodwin. Company KI: Sergeant William H. Bassett, Privates William T. Aldridge, David Bowen, William Collins, S. H. Compton, Stephen Elless, Jesse Evans, Andrew Hays, John Jenkins, Ames Lackey, George Neer, Levi Rimmel, William B. Templeton, and Henry Wood, and Drummer Orlando B. Whorton. Respectfully submitted. ALLEN BUCKNER, Major, Commanding Regiment. JANUARY 7, 1863. CAMP NEAR MURFREESBORO', TENN., January 7, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to report the part taken by the 29th regiment Indiana volunteers in the advance on Murfreesboro' from Nashville, and the battles before that place. On the morning of the 26th December last we struck tents, sending the train back to Nashville, and left camp, following in the order of march the 30th Indiana and 34th Illinois. The divisions of Generals Davis and Sheridan preceeded the 2d, and in the skirmishing with the enemy on the road and near Nolensville we had not an opportunity to take a part. On the 27th the 2d division and 2d brigade were the advance forces, and in regular order the 29th regiment Indiana volunteers followed the 34th Illinois. We had not marched over one mile when sharp skirmishing was heard ahead between our cavalry and that of the enemy. Pushing rapidly forward to the summit of a ridge, beyond which the skirmish was going on, we became exposed to the fire of a masked battery of the enemy, which opened on the head of the column with shot and shell. Advantage was taken by Generals Johnson and Kirk of a cedar thicket, covering this ridge, to move the 34tl Illinois and 29th Indiana to the left of the road and towards the enemy. Orders were immediately given by General Kirk to Colonels Bristol and Dunn to throw out skirmishers to cover their regiments, the 34th Illinois and 29th Indiana, which were drawn up in line of battle in front of the thicket, but in an open field. The skirmishers, being ordered forward, moved over the ground just wrested from the enemy by our cavalry, until they reached the top of another ridge, divided by a narrow valley from the rebel battery. Here we were ordered to halt, to await the issue of an artillery duel between it and Captain Edgarton's battery, (E, 1st Ohio artillery,) attached to the 2d brigade, as well as the lifting of a dense fog, which rendered a hasty movement to the front extremely perilous. When objects at a distance could be distinctly seen and the rebel battery silenced, we were again ordered forward, without seeing the enemy until we had reached a hill overlooking the town of Triune. Large bodies of rebel cavalry were posted in the town and in our front on the left of the road, about three-quarters of a mile distant. Our artillery was again brought into action, leaving us the privilege of witnessing the hurried retreat of both bodies of the rebels. When we next advanced they moved their cannon towards us and plied the advancing regiments with shot, shell, and grape shot. Supporting their artillery we discovered a large force of dismounted cavalry, posted on a hill covered with timber, whose leaden compliments attracted our attention. The skirmishers were ordered forward on "double-quick," but the torrent of rain which poured down on us had made their clothing and the ploughed field so heavy, the efforts of the men at a "double-quick" were painful and almost

Page  273 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 273 futile. They pushed on, however, as rapidly as possible, and by a well-directed fire drove the rebels from the woods, and prevented them again forming within rifle range. The rebel artillery retreated towards Triune, taking advantage of every rise of ground to check our advance, until the skirmishers of the 29th Indiana had almost secured a position in the woods to the rebel right, from which the capture of the rebel guns was perfectly feasible, when the bugle again sounded a halt, and the rebels moved off rapidly. "Forward" once more, and the line of skirmishers had reached the top of another ridge and halted, leaving the reserve at its base, when we were surprised by the sudden appearance of a regiment of cavalry on our left, within twenty yards, and moving leisurely to the front. I ordered the reserve to wheel to the left and fire, which was heard by the rebels, who instantly quickened their pace to a gallop, but were unable to pass in time to save their entire column. Several were seen to reel in their saddles and all changed direction by the left flank, making for the woods. Immediately afterwards a squad appeared, made a demonstration on the deployed line, (company A, 29th Indiana,) but failed to intimidate the men or force the line. With a shout the skirmishers rushed forward, poured in a galling fire, unhorsed four or five, took one prisoner, badly wounded; while company F, 29th, on reserve at the same time, forced another to surrender without a wound. This cavalry force was the 1st confederate regulars, and I only regret that the fear that this might be Colonel Stokes's cavalry, which had all day supported our left, but of whose personal appearance I was ignorant, rendered their loss so slight. We advanced half a mile further, when we bivouacked for the night. After we had reached our final halting place, the federal (Stokes's) cavalry emerged from the woods on our left, but at sufficient distance to leave a gap through which the rebels escaped. Until December 30, we were not again engaged in any movement or preparation. for the attack on Murfreesboro'. On this day we moved in reserve to the column of General Davis until 3 p. m., when the 2d brigade, 2d division, was ordered to the right of General Davis's division, which was threatened by rebel cavalry. The 77th Pennsylvania and 38th Indiana were thrown forward as skirmishers, to the first of which the 29th acted as reserve. We moved forward until we reached the reserve of General Davis's right, where the rebel cavalry were distinctly visible in line of battle, but not within range. Captain Edgarton's battery, having taken position, soon put them to flight. While in line at this point we were exposed to the fire of the rebel battery supporting their skirmishers, but it was immediately silenced by ours. About dusk a line of battle was decided upon, and by order the 29th Indiana took position on the left of the 34th, which supported the battery on a line leading to Murfreesboro' and behind a dense thicket of cedars. Steps were at once taken to guard against surprise; a large company (B) of our regiment was sent out as pickets, with instructions to act as skirmishers, should the enemy appear, our line connecting that of the 34th Illinois on the right, and the 30th Indiana on our left, both of which lines were established sufficiently in advance to command a wide range of vision, and enable the regiments to form in time to meet any attack; the night passed without alarm on our line until about 3 a. m., when a shot fired on the picket line, to our right, brought every man to his place in ranks. About daylight we were alarmed by general firing on the picket line, and immediately afterwards by shouting in front, but to our right. The men instantly grasped their loaded guns, while I, by Lieutenant Colonel Dunn's order, rode to the front, along the lane, to ascertain the cause of the firing, and the force coming down on us emerging from behind the thicket, I saw a heavy column moving rapidly down on the 34th Illinois, firing as they advanced, and opposed bravely and vigorously by the pickets and skirmishers. Riding further down the lane to obtain a view of the open country beyond the thicket, I saw a column of like proportions moving down on the 29th Indiana. Ex doc. 2-18.

Page  274 274 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. I galloped back to the regiment with this information, and found that Lieutenant Colonel Dunn, anticipating, had thrown forward another large company (C) to support the pickets and skirmish amongst the cedars. This company, ably and gallantly led by Lieutenant S. O. Gregory, pushed forward through the entangled mass until within a few yards of the rebels, and only fell back when overpowered, leaving some of his men killed and wounded. Situated as our regiment was, we dared not fire lest we killed our own men, whom we could not see, from which circumstance we were obliged to receive the storm of bullets without a response; and the resistance of our skirmishers under Lieutenants Gregory, Hess, and McComber, was so obstinate that the rebel column had advanced within twenty yards of our line before they received a shot from us. Our first fire, delivered lying down, partially checked the advance, and enabled the men to load and fire four or five times; but while engaged in front, the column which pressed on the 34th Illinois and the battery had moved so far forward as to uncover our line, giving them the opportunity to deliver a raking fire upon us. The troops on our right had fallen back, and Lieutenant Colonel Dunn considered the peril of his situation demanded a retreat. We fell back about eighty rods and formed behind a cornfield fence, every man loading and firing in retreat; through which field the rebels were pushing vigorously, but as no other troops appeared ready to sustain the shock, the regiment was moved some rods further to a piece of woods, where we took our position in line of battle. The 30th Indiana now made its appearance from a cornfield in front and to our left, and moving still further to the left, took position behind a fence facing the advancing enemy, who had not yet emerged from the woods at that point. To gain a position beside the 30th Indiana, Lieutenant Colonel Dunn moved by the flank, under cover of the woods, until directly in its rear, but forty rods distant, when a section of Simonson's battery came up and unlimbered directly in our front. The rebel infantry now poured into and through the cornfield, meeting with obstinate resistance from the 30th Indiana and 79th Illinois, and the artillery, which the 29th now supported. Here we lost Captain Frank Stebbins, company G, who was struck by a 12-pound ball in the thigh, causing his death very soon. He had bravely led his men, and by his own conduct inspired them with courage and daring. Up to this time we had the discreet and tried leadership of Lieutenant Colonel Dunn, and the valuable assistance of Captain Jenkins acting field officer; but the former got separated and cut off from the regiment, and the latter going a short distance to the rear for ambulances to carry off our wounded, of whom we had a great number, was also cut off from us. We did not see Lieutenant Colonel Dunn again, nor Captain Jenkins until the afternoon, but both we heard were busy, rallying the runaways and stragglers at the pike and railroad, until the former was taken prisoner, and the latter had turned over his men to their respective regiments. The artillery limbered up, moved to the rear, passing General Davis's division hospital, which we followed until we reached the woods near the hospital, where we found the 77th Pennsylvania, under Captain Rose, in line of battle. I at once formed the 29th on its right to await the rebel onset. All seemed pushing to the rear, and finding our shattered forces unsupported, we again moved in perfect order still further towards the pike; and again formed our line, having the 93rd on the right, and I believe a Kentucky regiment on the left. The artillery did not halt here, and before any enemy appeared in front we found our small force flanked on the right by rebel infantry and cavalry, and on the left by an unknown force. Again we moved leisurely back to a point designated by General Johnson as one suitable to make a stand. This was on the elevated ground west of the pike, on the east side of which we saw a large force of federal troops congregated. Colonel Dodge, (30th Indiana,) now commanding our brigade, placed us in position in a thicket, our left resting on the section of artillery planted on the most elevated point, and supported on the right by the

Page  275 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 275 77th Pennsylvania, its right resting on the woods. Sharp cannonading ensued, but a few minutes' hot work satisfied our artillerists that they could not contend with two batteries and hold their position. They retired to the pike. Colonel Dodge now directed us along the woods to the road, where we again formed our line. The yells of the rebels coming through the cedar woods became plainer and plainer; the balls rained amongst us. When within range, and in sight, the order to advance was given by Colonel Dodge. With a yell the line rushed forward, determined to stop the sweeping tide or die. This very unexpected attack on the victorious column entirely changed the aspect of affairs; for the first time that day it was checked; it tried to withstand the withering fire, but soon gave way, at first slowly, but as our line rushed on the retreat became a rout. We still pushed on rapidly, few in numbers, but determined, with orders not to waste ammunition, and followed the running horde until every cartridge was expended, when Colonel Dodge, after great exertions, got the troops to take our places. We fell back to the railroad for ammunition, when intelligence was brought that our rear, in the vicinity of the hospitals and train, was threatened by cavalry. To repel this attack we were marched to a point near the hospitals, when we stood in line half an hour, but no enemy appearing we again moved to the railroad. After this our force changed its position, as the heavy firing indicated a bloody contest, but we were not again under fire. At night we bivouacked on the pike. Morning brought with it signs of a renewal of yesterday's fight, and we were placed in position on the edge of the cedar grove, nearest the enemy's line, where the men at once went to work, securing their position with breastworks and abattis. The 29th had no share in any of the ensuing contests, and were entirely occupied on picket duty, and standing to arms, on every alarm, to resist any attack on our line. Volunteers were called for to drive the enemy's skirmishers into the woo'ds and burn some loghouses, in which their sharpshooters found shelter and excellent positions to annoy us; amongst the number were several of the 29th Indiana, one of whom was killed. Nothing further of importance occurred, unless I mention the fatigue duty performed by details from this regiment, which succeeded in finding and burying our dead and all our wounded, except those who fell into the enemy's hands. I cannot close without paying a tribute of praise, well merited and proudly given, to the officers and men of my command, who, Spartan like, rallied at every call around our glorious old flag, and who would not desert it when all around looked dark and hope had almost fled. Allow me to mention, with feelings of extreme gratification, the names of those who nobly did their duty. First, Adjutant Coffin, who, exposed more than any other, carrying orders to different parts of the line, never once quailed before the storm. He is an excellent officer, fearless, prompt, and deserving the highest praise. Captains Stebbins, Jenkins and McCaslin Moore. First Lieutenants Melandy, who, though wounded, would not leave until trampled by cavalry. N. P. Dunn, who stuck to the flag? severely wounded, until forced by his companions to retire to a hospital; A. Dunlap, J. Houghton, G. Malvon, Henderson, and Hess; also Second Lieutenants S. O. Gregory, commanding company C, and Lieutenant Hess, commanding company B, directed the skirmishers; Junius McGowan, O. P. Butler, William McDonald, Cutler, McComber, and P. Sabin. While the storm raged without, Surgeon Kean and the Rev. Mr. Shaw, chaplain, were busy dressing wounds, and doing all they could to alleviate the sufferings of our wounded. Assistant Surgeon Griffith, hospital steward, and corps were elsewhere engaged, but all were busy with their duties. I would not pass over the names of the non-commissioned officers, who, with very few exceptions, were heroes in the fight, giving a noble example to the men, and as

Page  276 276 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. sisting very materially in maintaining order and discipline, but this report is already too long, and I close. Accompanying this is a list of casualties. Respectfully, your obedient servant, J. P. COLLINS, Major, Commanding 29th Indiana Volunteers. Captain D. C. WAGNER, A. A. A. General, 2d Brigade, 2d Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps. HEADQUARTERS 29TH REGIMENT INDIANA VOLUNTEERS, In Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 7, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following list of casualties in the actions near Murfreesboro', Tennessee: Company A.-Killed: Privates Christian Gibbons and Caleb Talbot. Wounded: First Lieutenant R. W. Melandy; Orderly Meletus McGowan; Corporals Henry Hanna, Andrew Somerlett, and Jos. J. Delabaugh; Privates John A. Berger, Anson Brown, George Brown, Frederick Klock, Hugh Guthrie, and J. M. Phenicie. Company B.-Killed: Orderly George McKean. Wounded: Privates Albert B. Fox, John Lawrence, J. W. Stonebraker, and Webster Paxton. Company C.-Killed: Corporal Robert Dwinwiddie; Privates John E. Cox, Adam Sigrider, and Richard McLane. Wounded: Corporals Oscar B. Rockwell and John Shafer; Privates Leroy Burback, James Cline, Henry Cline, Fletcher Garres, Henry H. Graves, W. J. Graves, Harvey Holmes, James M. Hoffman, J. H. Michael, Norvel Phillips, John Phillips, Berger H. Bown, and Tristram Pike. Company D.-Wounded; Private William Stephenson; Sergeants J. H. Dunlop and Jos. Phillips; Privates C. P. Adams, A. H. Highway, Silas Bascom, William Bell, and Jeremiah Smith. Company E.-Killed: Corporal Joseph Chestnut; Privates Theodore Thompson and John Tuttle. Wounded: First Lieutenant Palmer Dunn; Sergeant Austin Sergeant; Corporals George Myers and Robison B. Reed; Privates J. V. Pownell, Enoch Smith, H. Grable, Aaron Booth, William J. Cline, William Jones, Allen Brown, and Corporal Daniel Mi. White. Company G.-Killed: Captain Frank Stebbins. Wounded: Sergeants C. Bushnell and A. W. Warnett, and Corporal E. Towelten. Company H.-Killed: Private William Delaney. Wounded: Private David Reno. Captain Shulcr ran to Nashville at the commencement of the action, and is supposed to be running still. Company I.-Killed: Privates William Crawford and George Moseholder. Wounded: Corporal A. Z. Norton; Color Sergeant L. Hunt; Privates Sylvester Crawford, Thomas O. Neil, and Jos. Gibbens. Company K.-Wounded: Privates George Wiley, John A. Lamb, F. M. Smith, M. P. Kizer, and John Hildebrand. Killed, 14; Wounded, 65. Missing.-Company A: Corporal Woodward, Privates Thomas J. Baker, John Dennis, William Kerns, Lewis Phenicie, Elias F. Conrad, Elijah Waller, and Chester Coe. Company B: Corporal Jacob Miller, Privates Thomas Buchanan, James P. Boyd, Cornelius M. Boyd, Benjamin McCurmsah, Philip Row, William Chesay, and William Stover. Company C: Privates Harvey Holmes and Valentine Long. Company D: Privates Jeremiah Ormsby, Joseph Johnston, and Abram Shafer. Company E: Privates Allen Brown, John H.

Page  277 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 277 Grable, John V. Reed, Oliver Philley, William H. Jones, and Michael Foley. Company F: Sergeants William Isey and Samuel Gillmore, Privates Amos Roberts, Michael Snyder, Stephen Rollins, David M. Love, John McCormick, and John Lehman. Company H: Privates David Rayone, Andrew Adams, and William Delaney. Company I: Sergeant Charles Tucker, Privates A. C. Norton, Alphonso Kidwell, John Bonton, and Thomas O'Neill. Company K: Orderly Sergeant Charles Purdy, Corporal Peter D. Shoeff, Privates Milton P. Keyser, Frederic Nagley, Charles Ream, George Ringie, John Hughes, J. Donohoe, George Wyle, William Cline, and John Hildebrand. Killed, wounded, and missing, 135. Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Second Brigade, Second Division. HEADQUARTERS 34TH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS, Camp near Murfreesboro', Tennessee, January 7, 1863. SIR: In compliance with circular, dated January 7, 1863, from headquarters 2d division, requiring a minute statement of regimental commanders of the operation and casualties of their respective regiments from the time of leaving camp near Nashville, Tennessee, up to the expiration of the battle at Murfreesboro', I have the honor to submit the following report: On Friday, December 26, 1862, this regiment, under command of Lieutenant Colonel H. W. Bristol, left camp near Nashville, Tennessee, and marched that day to one-half mile south of Nolensville, where we encamped for the night. Next morning, December 27, 1862, the 2d brigade being in advance, the 34th Illinois was in the advance of the brigade. After advancing nearly threequarters of a mile General Kirk ordered Colonel Bristol to throw forward four companies of his regiment on the left of the pike as skirmishers. Companies A, F, G, and B were detailed for that purpose, and placed under command of myself and Captain Van Tassel. We moved forward, the remaining companies of the regiment marching immediately in the rear of the skirmish line as a support, the skirmish line advancing, driving the enemy through Triune, and halting about one mile south of that place near dark. The distance skirmished over that day was near five miles. Although exposed to the enemy's fire from their artillery and musketry nearly all the day, we had no one killed, wounded, or missing. We went into camp that night a short distance to the rear of where we had advanced with our skirmish line, and remained in camp at that place the next day (being Sunday) without performing any duties, only those required on that day. On the morning of December 29, 1862, we were ordered back towards Nashville two and a half miles, and turned off the pike on a dirt road, to the right, leading in the direction of Murfreesboro', and, after marching six miles, went into camp between 10 and 11 o'clock that night. The 34th Illinois was rear guard for the brigade teams that day. On the morning of the 30th, 1862, about two o'clock a. m., we moved forward in the direction of Murfreesboro' three miles, when we were ordered to the right. The 34th Illinois was ordered to support Captain Edgarton's battery, which was moved to the extreme right of our lines, and opened fire on a rebel battery that was firing into the right flank of Davis's division. General Kirk ordered two companies of this regiment to be thrown out as skirmishers, A and B, under the command of Captain Van Tassel, extending the line across an open field to a piece of woods about one hundred rods further to the right than our troops occupied. Captain Edgarton's battery soon silenced the rebel battery; and it was now near dark. Colonel Bristol, being unwell, was compelled to

Page  278 278 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. leave the regiment, and the command then fell upon myself. I received orders that I was to picket immediately in my front, and that General Kirk would join his pickets on the right. This was done shortly after dark. I was then ordered to encamp the remainder of my regiment in the rear of the left of my picket line, and within thirty rods of the same. Everything was quiet through the night. Just before daylight I had my regiment under arms, and moved them forward some four rods in advance of where I was encamped, so that I could more conveniently deploy into line, as I had my regiment in double column. A few minutes after daylight one of my lookouts reported to me that the enemy was moving down on us with an overwhelming force. I immediately sent word to General Kirk, and rode immediately myself to find General Willich, who was encamped in my rear not more than thirty rods. I failed to find the general; they told me he had gone to see General Johnson. I informed some of the officers of his brigade that the enemy was advancing. I hurried back to my regiment, and I then received an order to advance my regiment, and try to hold the enemy in check, which was done. After advancing out in the open field about fifteen rods the enemy opened upon us, my men returning the fire. They were now exposed to the fire of more than five times their number, as I only had 354 men, including the officers. Ten or twelve of my men were killed and some sixty odd wounded before I received an order to fall back in support of the battery. I gave the older for them to fall back; not one of my men or officers left their post before I gave them the- order. When we returned to the battery everything was confusion; the first brigade was not in position, and was engaged, many of them, cooking their breakfast. I endeavored to hold the battery with what few men I had, but it was of no use; the enemy were fast surrounding us, and the only alternative was to retreat or be taken prisoners. I gave the order for them to retreat, and would, I think, have been able to keep them together, but they got mixed up with the first brigade, and were carried too far to the left, where many of them were taken prisoners. I rallied some fifty of my men, and made a stand behind a rail fence, about three-quarters of a mile from where I formed my first line, and opened a destructive fire on a regiment of cavalry that was bearing down upon us; but, finding it impossible to hold that position, I had to fall back to near the pike, when I was ordered to assist our train with what few men I had left. January 1, 1863.-What was left of my regiment was put in with the 30th Indiana, and took part with that regiment, under the command of Captain Hostetter, company I, 34th Illinois volunteers, I being sick, and unfit for duty. They were engaged in skirmishing from behind breastworks that were erected. January 2d they were engaged the same as on the 1st, and on the 3d the same routine of duty. The 34th Illinois lost no one killed or wounded after the battle of December 31, 1862. I need not particularize the services of any officers under my command, for both officers and men did their duty nobly; although being compelled to retreat, they stood firm till we were overwhelmed by superior numbers. I attach a list of killed, wounded, and missing. Many of the missing I have no doubt are wounded and in the hands of the enemy. All of which is respectfully submitted. ALEXANDER P. DYSART, lMajor, Commanding 34th Illinois Volunteers. Captain D. C. WAGNER, A. A. General, 2d Brigade, 2d Division.

Page  279 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 279 List of killed, wounded, and missing, in the different companies of the 24th regiment Illinois volunteers, in action before Mfurfreesboro', Tennessee, December 31, 1862. Killed.-Company A: Private George L. Woodworth. Company C: Corporal Charles Santee. Company D: Corporal John D. Dole; Privates William Windle and Henry Pecks. Company E: Sergeant Marcus M. Bennett; Corporal George J. Doughty; Private Henry D. Krouch. Company F: Corporal Jeremiah C. Grover; Private Archibald M. Pratt. Company G: Privates S. R. Cully and H. J. Sutliff. Company H: Corporal Secust R. Wertz; Privates Asa L. Tyler, H. A. Willaby, and Charles Easton. Company I: Private James Masters. Company K: Sergeant James M. Peadan, and Private William Riley Norcutt. TWounded.-Company A: Corporal John Gibner; Privates John Durstin, John Gorgas, James M. Maiden, and Herschel H. Smith. Company B: Corporal Wilber F. Nichols; Private Phil. T. Resser. Company C: First Lieutenant D. Riley; Corporals W. A. Seitz, J. E. Laxman, G. W. Kessler, and David Wingard; Privates J. H. Bowers, Henry E. Brown, T. W. Brown, (prisoner,) R. M. Colwell, P. Fahey, John Gillott, H. Grothe, H. Hoffmaster, (prisoner,) J. Hoof, J. Hunt, W. H. Knepper, P. Kegauxe, E. O'Neil, John Rouch, B. Royce, (prisoner,) and J. H. Stephens, in head. Company D: Sergeant D. C. Young, (prisoner;) Corporals Samuel J. Tussey and John Chambers; Privates Eugene Brewer, Charles P. Barber, (prisoner,) Henry C. Case, Wellington Eaton, Henry Law, George Pierce, Joseph Shellhamer, James Sigman, and William Savage. Company E: Sergeants Patrick McCarty (prisoner,) and Robert Karr; Corporal George F. Cheshier, (prisoner;) Privates Frederic Fyers, William Devine, Charles E. Miner, Lawrence Coffield, John Zink, (missing,) Michael Renaham, A. S. Blakely, (prisoner,) and Freer Richardson. Company F: Captain Oscar Van Tassell; Sergeant John T. Gantz; Corporal Austin S. Fox; Privates Charles Butterfield, Thomas C. Brown, John H. Gull, Arnold S. Harrington, Edmund F. Merritt, Edward Bankhurst, Kenton D. Taylor, William Steel, and James B. Taylor. Company G: Captain M. G. Greenwood, (since died;) Sergeant Edward Cates; Corporal Elias Baughman; Privates Samuel Hindman, and Samuel C. Barber. Company H: Second Lieutenant J. M. Smith; Sergeant Peter Householder; Corporals Levi R. Holsinger, and Elmnar G. Lawrence; Privates H. H. Bennett, Ananicus Billig, John Coddington, John Cost, George Detwilder, Jacob L. Grove, Levi Hays, W. W. Johnson, David V. Meredith, U. S. A. Howison, Lewis Miller, Ernest C. Reif, and Otho Tice. Company I: First Sergeant Joseph Teeter; Sergeants Levi Sarver and John C. Gelwick; Corporals Hiram H. Maynard, and George Robbins; Privates Christian Bushman, (missing,) Jesse N. Berlin, Peter Farrell, Philip Quickbeuner, Caleb Ransom, Joseph Savver, (missing.) Company K: Privates Thomas Gaddes, Nathan Conner, William Rogers, Nelson O. Harra, Daniel Madden, and Nathan Isenhoner, Missing.-Company A: Privates L. T. Babcock, George B. Brandt, John Crichton, Charles Crickton, Henry Cornell, Charles Slocumb, H. Clay Smith, and Charles D. Wilson. Company B: Sergeants David L. Eagle and Oscar Olmsted; Corporal Daniel White; Musicians Charles Wood and George A. Quackenbush; Privates Smith Ring, William Dow, Patrick O'Connell, Patrick McDonald, William Messmore, Jacob G. Ressor, Charles L. Parkhurst, Andrew J. Harp, John Lansing, Julius J. Brown, William L. Hubbard, and Daniel Richards. Company C: Privates Thomas Hays and R. E. Young. Company D: Captain William S. Wood; Sergeants Major Wood and Spencer Conn; Privates Edward Doyle, Orlando Redney, and Morris Johnson. Company E: First Lieutenant Edward H. Weld; Corporal De Wayre R. Calkins; Privates John W. Dunlava, Hiram H. Benner, Martin Cartle,

Page  280 280 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Patrick Hare, Patrick Hughes, Thomas E. Kellogg, Dennes Finley, and William Harrison. Company F: Musician Virgil E. Reed; Privates Lewis C. Bronson, Uriah Beechly, Eliot Taylor, Elbridge S. Weley, and Joseph Wolf. Company G: First Sergeant T. G. Carney; Sergeant H. C. Pratt; Corporal Tim Geidna; Privates H. H. Smith, George Apple, A. Shuman, and J. H. Ellis. Company H: Musicians J. L. Harrison and John Brown; Privates James T. Askey, August Hickmam, Nelson Kellogg, Chapman Mann, Christian Niel, and John Shaw. Company I: Privates Adam Lawyer, Fred. J. Reman, and Alfred Nurd. Company K: Sergeants William S. Wright and Austin Umbarger; Corporals Rufus S. Cusick and Zedekiah Thomlinson; Privates Samuel J. Richards, Charles C. Lyons, and William Stapelton. HEADQUARTERS 30TH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS, Camp near Murfreesbo o', Tennessee, January 7, 1863. SIR: In accordance with circular dated January 7, 1863, issued from headquarters 2d division, requiring a minute statement from regimental commanders of the operations of their respective regiments, including casualties, I have the honor to report that on Friday, December 26, 1862, this regiment under command of Colonel J. B. Dodge, left camp, near Nashville, Tennessee, marched half a mile south of Nolensville, where we encamped for the night. Next morning, December 27, 1862, the 2d brigade being in advance, we left camp at sunrise, moved in the same direction on the turnpike as the day previous. After advancing one and a half miles were ordered into line of battle to support Captain Edgarton's battery, in which manner we moved three or four miles, and until dark, when we were ordered out on outpost picket. On the next day, December 28, 1862, after being relieved from picket, we remained in camp.without any actual service. On December 29, 1862, we moved back towards Nashville two miles and took a cross road leading towards Murfreesboro', and after moving six miles camped for the night. On December 30, 1862, we moved towards Murfreesboro' three miles, when we were ordered off to the right, and after throwing forward two companies each from the right and left flanks as skirmishers, moved forward one mile in line of battle, and bivouacked for the night in a cedar thicket. On the morning of December 31, 1862, the enemy moved upon us in force about daylight, driving in our pickets, making it necessary for us to fall back, or move out by the flank to the right; the latter movement was made with the loss of one man slightly, and one mortally, wounded, except upon the picket line, which being doubled during the night by two additional companies, to insure vigilance and safety, suffered severely upon being driven in. The movement by the flank was a fortunate one for us, for had we remained any longer in that position we would have been cut to pieces or taken prisoners by the enemy who were in great force on our front. After moving to the right and rear about half a mile, we formed a line of battle in a meadow behind a fence, where we were joined by the remnants of the four companies who were on picket the night before. After sending out two companies as skirmishers across a field to a fence directly in our front, we moved up to the same place and the action commenced. General Kirk having been wounded early in the morning, and Colonel Dodge of this regiment having taken command of the 2d brigade, the command of this regiment fell upon the undersigned. After the regiment upon our left and we had sustained the enemy's fire for some time, the 79th Illinois volunteers advanced to our immediate right and supported us gallantly, but being outflanked by a superior force of the enemy, and exposed to a heavy cross-fire, they fell back, and we were obliged to do the same, having no support whatever, and having suffered heavy loss as hereinafter stated;

Page  281 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 281 in retiring the men became very much scattered, but were mostly collected again, and then we were ordered to the front on the right of the Murfreesboro' turnpike, three miles from the town. January 1, 1863.-After erecting breastworks we remained behind them, without any further active service except skirmishing on picket-line. January 2.-The same routine of duty as the day previous, except in the evening, when the left wing was sent out with parts of other regiments of this brigade as skirmishers to feel the position of the enemy, but after receiving a severe fire and supposing the enemy to be in force, we returned their fire briskly for some time and then retired to the breastwork. January 3.-Same routine of picket duty as the day previous. It is unnecessary for me to particularize the services of any officer or man, for both officers and men performed their duties well and gallantly. I have also a statement of the killed, wounded, and missing to submit, as follows, to wit: Major G. W. Fitzsimmons, taken prisoner. Killed.-Company A: Assistant Adjutant E. B. Stribley; Privates Christian Winkler, Lawrence White, and W. D. Allen. Company B: Corporals William Rosebrugh, (color guard,) William Roberts, and Daniel Walker; Privates N. M. Reynolds, and E. Middleton. Company C: Corporal J. W. Hathaway; Privates William Archey, and James Morrow. Company D: Corporals William Hatfield, and J. W. Nesbit. Company E: Corporal Alfied Harris; Privates George Johnson, and William Popeno. Company F: Private Kirtis Browse. Company G: Corporal J. P. Rambo; Privates Myson Ames, Eli Wheeler, and Naaman Pence. Company H: Corporal Nathaniel Osburn; Privates George Cole, William Phyke, George Long, and William Miller. Company K: Corporal David Gigler, and Private Daniel Swank. Wounded.-Company A: Sergeant J. W. Stribley; Privates R. Myers, C. Stribley, P. Schrom, J. W. Vogier, A. Wilson, F. Huchin, and M. Strous. Company B: Privates Robert Smidbey, G. W. Johnson, F. Musheide, S. Funk, D. Koons, G. Bartley, W. Benford, William Felters, W. H. Sloane, and F. Fisher. Company C: Sergeant Anderson Corle; Corporals Isaac Pancake, and Jos. S. Olcott; Privates Charles Allen, George Gorber, William P. Johnson, H. M. Marker, Tollmon Morris, Joseph Miller, William Parker, Francis Vedder, and Richard Vanderford. Company I): Sergeant Thomas Mead; Corporal Robert Bell; Privates Henry Richards and George Pembrook. Company E: Sergeant George E. Murphey; Corporals C. L. Murray, J. H. Rhodes, and Edward Strack; Privates John Whiton, William Morrow, Samuel Shane, Henry Bush, Charles Fair, Thomas Hogarth, and Lennan Maloney. Company F: Corporal J. C. Bloomfield; Privates Samuel Wygant, David Skinner, William Shool, Henry Hanes, and J. D. Vanfersan. Company G: Sergeant Robert McFerson; Corporal Harrison Merrills, and C. G. Cookinghan; Privates C. B. Elsworth, W.H. Yoder, J. W. Walburn, Silas Latta, Oris Butt, and W. W. Wilson. Company H: Sergeants J. D. Likens, Perry Hodges, and L. D. Conner; Corporals J. C. Whyson, Peter Barnhardt, and William Freeman; Privates W. H. H. Bsard, Alvin Coller, Leslie Delano, Nathan Frederickson, James Georges Leslie Fisher, John High, John Hammon, Joseph Lockenmire, Asbury F. Long, William Lutz, Perry Mullen, John Marcum, Reason McCush, George Murray, Albert Reed, Levi Rutan, B. F. Sponhower, N. M. Showers, Alexander Skinner, and Samuel Ulane. Company I: Captain J. M. Butcher; Second Lieutenant John Moore, (missing;) Corporal Peter Hemmer; Privates George Armstrong, Daniel Bowman, Timothy Carsher, Alfred Clark, Oliver P. Every, William Fordjum, Wade Harris, William Hight, Henry Rist, Silas McCush, Jeremiah Noll, John Puntney, and Andrew Tom. Company K: Corporal Daniel D. Coppes; Privates Wallis Nelson, George Potter, Adam Beck, and Nelson Hoppner.

Page  282 282 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Missing.-Company A: Privates W. Allen, J. Slemler, William Frederickson, J. Harvey, M. Sucker, W, Gunslerberger, J. Johnson, and J. Lockwood. Company B: Second Lieutenant W. R. Williams; Privates G. Fogle, A. Harper, E. Hall, W. Hall, R. McCutcheon, H. Yager, Isaac Scott, D. Vandemark, and J. Pennland. Company C: Corporals Hirah Gooclspeed, John Airgood, Henry Gunder, Henry Serried, and Thomas Cullison. Company D: Corporal Henry Kelby; Privates Henry Wyant, William Schlawtroff, William Strong, and Thomas Devese. Company E: Privates Frank Sten, William Sten, Joshua Kelby, and Joseph Bryant. Company F: Sergeants Philo Elinwood and William G. Gibbon; Corporal Hugh A. Young; Privates Lewis Wright, Weir D. Carver, Francis Coon, J. Lease, Sterling Monroe, William Monroe, and Jeremiah Noel. Company G: Sergeant Samuel Shepardson; Corporal Charles N. Buck; Privates C. N. Wheeler, Charles Moon, G. D. Rhinehart, John McNeel, Charles Isley, Lewis Airgood, Ruben Mosier, and M. V. B. Leidign. Company H: Sergeant J. W. McKay; Privates William Franks, Harman Meed, Wesley Miller, John A. Provines, and Calvin Marshall; Private Lorenzo Piatt, (missing and prisoner.) Company I: Musician Levi Peddycord; Privates Orlan Tremaires, and John Andrews. Company K: Privates David Lampa, (prisoner,) Dewatt Shuster, George Epart, Jacob W. Leavely, John Lehman, David Cristner, and Peter Baker. RECAPITULATION. "O. 5 O: ~d 0 " o ^r o, Field officers. ------ 1 3 *. _ Staff officers. —-----—. -------- 1 ----- - 1 -- Company A... —--------—. ——. —-------------—. 4 8 8 2 51 Company B. ——. —-----------—. —------------ 5 10 10 2 48 Company C. —-—... —--. —.. —---. —. —. —---. 3 12 5 1 52 Company D ffi —---------- -------------------- 2 4 5 1 41 Company E -- 3 11 4 2 38 Company F —..B —-- ---------- 1 6 10 2 39 Company G 3 11 — 4 9 10 3 59 Company H. —----- ------ -- - 5 27 7 2 6 Company I. —---------- —. —------- 16 3 3 32 Company K... —- 2 5 7 2 39 Total -------------- ---- 30 108 70 24 463 All of which is respectfully submitted. O. D. HURD, Lieutenant Colonel Commanding Regiment. Captain D. C. WAGNER. HEADQUARTERS 77TH REGIMENT PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS, In Camp near Murfreesboro', January 8, 1863. SIR: I have the honor to make the following report of the 77th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, from the time of leaving camp near Mill creek, December 26, 1862, to January 3, 1863, viz: We broke up our camp near Mill creek December 26, sent our wagon train to Nashville, and took up our march in the direction of Shelbyville, on the Nolensville turnpike, and encamped in the evening a short distance beyond Nolensville.

Page  283 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 283 December 27.-We continued our march in the same direction and on the same road. At 8 a. m. we encountered the enemy within two miles of Triune. We were immediately placed in position with the balance of our brigade on the left of the road. Our front line was composed of the 29th regiment Indiana volunteers on the left, the 34th Illinois volunteers on the right, and the 30th Indiana volunteers in the centre. Our regiment and the 79th regiment Illinois volunteers were held in reserve, but advanced with the brigade, our regiment covering the 29th Indiana volunteers. Skirmishers were thrown forward by each of the three first-named regiments, as also were two companies of the 17th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, who occupied the extreme left of the line. In this manner we advanced towards Triune, driving the enemy from his position, and took possession of the town, the enemy retreating towards Shelbyville. We encamped about a mile beyond Triune, near the turnpike. December 28.-We remained in camp where we stopped the evening before. December 29.-We retraced our march on the same road for two miles and turned off on a dirt road running an easterly course into the Salem turnpike, at the junction of which two roads we silently and without fires encamped for the night. December 30.-We marched towards Murfreesboro' on the Salem turnpike for about three miles, when we were thrown into column, by division, into the woods on the right of the road with the balance of our brigade and division. At this time heavy skirmishing was going on on our left and in front. We advanced for a short distance, when our regiment and the 30th regiment Indiana volunteers were ordered to change front to the right, deploy column, and throw out skirmishers. We then advanced, moving towards the right of the general line of battle for about a quarter of a mile. We then changed front to the left and occupied a dense cedar grove. The position of our regiment was now on the right of the 22d regiment Indiana volunteers, of General Davis's division. It was here that we received a heavy fire from a rebel battery that was stationed to the right and in front of us in an open field by the edge of a woods at a distance of 500 yards. After a sharp skirmish it was silenced, when we threw out our pickets and remained for the night. Our position was now on the left of our brigade and on the right of Davis's division. December 31.-We were under arms at 4 a. m., and at daylight we discovered the enemy in large force within sixty yards of our pickets, who immediately commenced firing when the enemy advanced to a furious attack. As the pickets retired our regiment advanced to meet the enemy and resisted their attack with desperate valor, repulsing the forces immediately in front with great slaughter, and compelling them to retire across the brook where we first found them posted and into a cornfield beyond. This was the first attack that was made on our lines; but almost at the same time the enemy's column's on our left, which were directed on those regiments on our right, pressed furiously onward bearing down everything before them. Those on our right fell back after a short but desperate resistance, as was shown by the great mortality on both sides. Soon after this the regiment on our left changed position to our rear, leaving our regiment completely isolated and battling against great odds, with the danger of being surrounded. We were ordered to retire for about 150 yards and then march to the right, in order, if possible, to reattach ourselves to the balance of our brigade which had been driven from its first position. While doing this we fell in with a portion of General Davis's division and were ad. vised that we had better co-operate with that division for the present, as our brigade had by this time retired so far that it would consume much valuable time in finding it that could be used at this particular juncture to great advantage by re-inforcing one of his, Davis's divisions. We posted ourselves on the right of Davis's division in front of which was a rebel battery, at a distance of about 400 yards. A little to the right and in front of this was Edgarton's

Page  284 284 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. battery which had been previously captured by the rebels in the onset, and was still in their possession. It was here that our regiment charged alone, recapturing Edgarton's battery, and up to the guns of the rebel battery through a hurricane of grape and canister, until we were confronted by several thousands of the rebel infantry, when, as we were unsupported, we were obliged to retire to the line from which we started on the charge, leaving our much loved battery in the hands of the rebels, as we had no means of moving it off. Yet we were repaid for this desperate charge as much as for any we made during the day, in damaging the enemy and holding him in check. We retired in good order and halted and reformed in our previous position on the right of Davis's division. Here Colonel Housem fell. The battle was here hotly contested for some time, when our forces began to give way, fiercely pursued by the enemy who came near taking a battery of ours at this place. As soon as the battery was safely off we retired to the fence on the opposite side of the field, where we stood alone for some time contending with the rebels, until they commenced scaling the fence on our right and left, when we retired to the woods and again made a stand. We thus continued for some time taking advantage of everything that came in our way, moving slowly, and our line never broke once throughout the day; but we fought every time we could find a line to rest on, or wherever we could gain a position in whtch we could for a minute successfully make a stand. When we came near the Nashville and Murfreesboro' turnpike we fell in with a portion of the 29th Indiana volunteers, under the gallant Major Collins, also a portion of the 30th Indiana volunteers. These, with our regiment, were now joined together as the remnant of the old 5th brigade under Colonel Dodge as brigade commander. We were posted in the edge of the woods by General Johnson, on the right of General Van Cleve's division which had just come up. The rebels were now coming on with tenfold more impetuosity, and our men were ordered to lid down quietly behind a fence which partly protected us. We waited here until the rebels were within a short distance, when we up and delivered our fire with such great effect that the rebels began to give way. We now pitched into them with whoop and yell, all the time delivering a most destructive fire, and soon the whole rebel column was in full retreat; we drove them half a mile, when our ammunition gave out and we were relieved, when we retired to the railroad to obtain a fresh supply. This was the first check of importance that the rebels received, as it saved our ammunition train and secured for our forces an important position. From the break of day until 12 m. our regiment was under constant fire, and terribly our ranks were thinned. At night our regiment went on picket. January 1, 1863.-We remained under arms on the crest of the hill where we ended our final charge on the 31st ultimo. At 4 p. m. we received a heavy fire from a rebel battery which was soon silenced. Janaary 2.-Remained in the same position as on the 1st. A heavy battle was fought on our left in which we took no part. In the evening we went on picket. A heavy skirmish took place immediately in front of our line. January 3.-Still remained under arms in our old position. At night, in the midst of the rain, the last final struggle was made, in which we took no part. During this great battle our little regiment did no discredit to the old Keystone State. Officers and men stood up and did their duty nobly. Among those noted for conspicuous valor I must mention Adjutant S. F. Davis, who rendered me invaluable assistance throughout the battle. Also Captain T. Phyfer, company K; Captain William W. Robinson, company E; Captain A. Philips, company G, and Captain J. J. Lawson, company C, all of whom cheered and encouraged their men throughout the battle with a coolness which belongs to none but vetern officers. That our line never broke shows that our men fought like veterans. We went into the action with 288 men. We lost in killed, 5, including Lieu

Page  285 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 285 tenant Colonel Housem; in wounded, 29, including one commissioned officer; missing, 29, including two commissioned officers. Total, 63. Of those missing the greater part are either killed or taken prisioners. I must not forget to mention the valuable services and noble conduct of Dr. Downie, the assistant surgeon of our regiment. He remained with us throughout the battle, and disylayed the most indomitable energy and courage in attending to our wounded, and in superintending the whole medidal department which came within his sphere. I regret to say that, notwithstanding the great valor displayed by our regiment as a body, there were some miserable cowards who skulked away during the excitement of the battle, and left their comrades to perform their duty. I have carefully obtained their names and rank, however, and shall forward them without delay.'I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your obedient servant, TOM ELLWOOD ROSE, Captain, Commanding 77th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. D. C. WAGNER, Acting Assistant Adjutant General, 2d Brigade. HEADQUARTERS 77TH REGIMENT PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS, In Camp, January 8, 1863. SIR: The following is a correct list of the casualties of the 77th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, in killed, wounded and missing, in the battles before Murfreesboro,' Tenrressee, December 31, 1S62: Lieutenant Colonel Peter B. Housem commanding, mortally wounded in hip, since died. Wounded.-Company A: First Lieutenant John E. Walker commanding, wounded in knee; Privates Henry Tennary, and Jackson Smith, in leg. Fiftyfive men taken into action. MIissing.-Corporal James Cannon; Private Frederick Rensinger. Company B: First Lieutenant John W. Krepps, commanding. Thirty men taken into action. Wounded.-Privates Jones, in hip, and Edwin Bratt, in leg. Missing.-Privates Wm. Acker, and David Darby. Company C: Captain Joseph J. Lawson commanding. Thirty-seven men taken into action. 1'Vounded.-Sergeant Scott R. Crawford, in both legs, (left leg amputated;) Corporals William Keith, in left thigh, (leg amputated,) and Samuel A. Gettys, in right leg; Privates William Gansta, in ankle, (prisoner;) David Stiller, in breast and left wrist, (prisoner;) William Dixon, in right eye; Andrew Hindlind, face; John Higgins, left index finger off; Henry Greenawatt, right arm. Missing.-Privates Charles McFarland, and Richard Mitchel. Company D: First Lieutenant Henry B. Thompson commanding. Twentyfour men taken into action. Killed.-Private Augustus Mace. Wounded.-Private Wm. Robinson, in breast. Missing.-Second Lieutenant Thomas G. Cochran; Privates, John C. Shirley, Jacob Blinsinger, and Joshua Keenar. Company E: Captain William A. Robinson commanding. Twenty-six men taken into action. Killed.-Privates John A. Hake, and John A. Buler. Wounded.-Privates Thomas Hardey, not known where, (prisoner;) Edward

Page  286 286 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. J. Murphy, not known where, (prisoner;) Johnston E. Clark, not know where, (prisoner;) Alfred Ray, slightly in breast; Enoch Eckel, slightly in hand. M/1issing.-Privates James Rodgers, and Jacob S. Bartholomew. Company F: First Lieutenant John S. McDonal commanding. Forty-two men taken into action. TWVunded.-Privates Michael Short, in shoulder; William Bivin, in hand; and George Heavner, in knee. Missing-.Captain Henry Wishart; Corporals George M. Cooper, and Milton M. Horton; Privates Randal Childers, and James Lippincott. Company K: Captain Frederick T. Pyfer commanding. Thirty-five men taken into action. Killed.-Private Alexander Brown. TWounded.-Corporal Robert McMullen, right thigh, (prisoner;) Privates William J. Prentis, in breast and arm, (prisoner;) John Gambe, in shoulder, (prisoner;) and Dennis H. Buler, hip. Missing.-Privates Charles Mackinson, Alexander Stewart, and William Clark. Company G: Captain Alexander Philips commanding. Thirty-nine men taken into action. TWounded.-Corporal James Foster, in breast; Private Patrick Gallagher, in face. M-issing.-Sergeants George Buchanon, and Edwin Morgan; Corpoal James Brown; Privates William Davis, Owen Williams, Edward Jones, James Forester, Thomas Jordon, and Wadsworth Wetherbee. Respectfully submitted, CAPTAIN COMMANDING REGIMENT. Captain D. C. WAGNER, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS 3D BRIGADE, 2D DIVISION, RIGHT WING, In camp near Mufreesboro', January 8, 1863. I have the honor to submit a report of the operations of this brigade from the time of its leaving camp, December 26, until Saturday, January 3. This brigade moved with the division, and on the 27th engaged in the skirmishing about Triune. I deployed the first Ohio and the sixth Indiana on the right of the road, these regiments being supported by the ninety-third Ohio and Louisville legion, the battery taking post on the road, and later in the day being posted near the right of my line. We drove the enemy and bivouacked beyond Triune. This brigade remained at Triune to cover the extreme right, in obedience to your order, and rejoined the division on the 30th in the woods to the right of Wilkinson pike, about three miles from Murfreesboro'. At 2 o'clock this brigade moved off two miles to the right, to support a cavalry reconnoissance, Colonel Anderson's regiment being sent forward to support the cavalry while the remainder of the brigade was held in reserve at a point on the Salem pike. The brigade returned to the woods, near the headquarters of the division, after dark, and bivouacked there. At daybreak next morning I was informed by stragglers, who were running across the field in my fiont, of the attack on Generals Willich's and Kirke's brigades. I immediately ordered the brigade under arms and proceeded to form line of

Page  287 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 287 battle in the edge of timber facing the large open fields over which I knew the enemy must come to attack me. I deployed the Louisville legion on the right, and was proceeding to post the first Ohio in the centre, and the sixth Indiana on the left, holding the ninetythird Ohio in reserve, to protect either flank, when you ordered me to move the first Ohio across the open field and post it at the fence. The sixth Indiana was moved forward and posted in the edge of a skirt of timber to the left of the first Ohio, the thirtieth Indiana and seventy-ninth Illinois being posted on the right; a section of the fifth Indiana battery was posted between the first Ohio and sixth Indiana. The Louisville legion moved to within supporting distance of the first Ohio, and the ninety-third Ohio held in reserve in the woods near the edge of the field. These dispositions were scarcely made when the enemy, in immense masses, appeared in my front at short range, their left extending far beyond the extreme right of my line. My infantry and artillery poured a destructive fire into their dense masses, checking them in front; but their left continued to advance against my right. Here four pieces that Captain Simonson had posted near the woods, in rear.of my first line, poured in a terrible fire; but the enemy came in such overwhelming numbers that, after half an hour's stubborn resistance, my line was compelled to retire, not, however, until the enemy had flanked my right and were pouring in an enfilading fire. Had my line stood a moment longer it would have been entirely surrounded and captured. Falling back to the edge of the woods, I endeavored to make a stand. I moved the ninety-third Ohio up to the left of the Louisville legion; but my line was again forced back, almost before I had got the ninety-third in position. Ordering Colonel Anderson to retire in good order, I succeeded, after making several short stands in the woods, in forming the brigade near the railroad. Under your orders I took position on the right of the Nashville pike, together with the rest of the division, and held it during the succeeding skirmishes, throwing up a breastwork of logs, rails, &c. Nothing occurred here but unimportant skirmishing, sometimes quite warm, but always resulting in our driving the enemy. A house about 300 yards from our line was held by the enemy's skirmishers, who annoyed us exceedingly by their fire. It was captured and burned by two companies of the Louisville legion, after a severe fight. Too great praise cannot be awarded to the regiments of this brigade and Simonson's battery for the coolness and steadiness with which they resisted the attacks of an overwhelming force, and the readiness with which they rallied and formed again when the enemy had broken their lines. The Louisville legion gallantly drew off, by hand, a disabled gun belonging to Cotter's battery. It may be proper for me to state here, with reference to the line formed in the woods after leaving the open field, that I am informed by reliable officers that the line could have been held had not the right been ordered to fall back by some general not known to the writer. I beg leave to refer you to the accompanying reports of regimental and battery commanders for details: Colonel Charles Anderson, commanding ninety-third Ohio; Lieutenant Colonel W. W. Berry, commanding Louisville legion; Lieutenant Colonel H. Tripp, commanding sixth Indiana; Major J. A. Stafford, commanding first Ohio; and Captain P. Simonson, commanding fifth Indiana battery, displayed the greatest coolness, courage, and skill in the management of their respective commands. Colonel Anderson and Lieutenant Colonel,Berry were wounded early in the engagement of Wednesday, but refused to leave the field. Captain Simonson's battery did good service, and was handled bravely and skilfully. Two pieces, under command of Lieutenant Rankin, did effective service in my first line, he continuing to work his guns after being severely

Page  288 288 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. wounded. I regret to report the loss of two pieces of the battery, owing to the horses all being killed and the gunners disabled. I am indebted to Lieutenant G. H. Burns, assistant acting adjutant general, rof his valuable assistance, and also to Lieutenant Patterson, first Ohio, and Adjutant J. J. Siddell, for their coolness and readiness in transmitting orders to the hottest parts of the field. Dr. E. S. Swain, brigade surgeon, remained with the wounded, after the enemy drove us back, and rendered them every assistance in his power. I append a list of killed, wounded, and missing, amounting to 56 killed, 242 wounded, and 137 missing. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, P. P. BALDWIN, Colonel Commanding 3d Brigade. Brigadier General R. W. JOHNSON, Commanding 2d Division. HEADQUARTERS 3D DIVISION, RIGHT WING, 14TH ARMY CORPS, Camnp on Stone river, Tennessee, January 9, 1863. MAJOR: In obedience to instructions from the headquarters right wing, I have the honor to report the following as the operations of my division from the 26th day of December, 1862, to the 6th day of January, 1863. On the 26th day of December I moved from camp, near Nashville, on the Nolensville pike, in the direction of Nolensville. At the crossing of Mill creek the enemy's cavalry made some resistance, but were soon routed, one lieutenant and one private of the enemy being captured. On approaching Nolensville, I received a message from General Davis, who had arrived at Nolensville, via the Edmonson pike, that the enemy were in considerable force in his front, and requesting me to support him. On the arrival of the head of my division at Nolensville, General Davis advanced upon the enemy's position, about two miles south of that place, supported by my division. The enemy had here made a stand in a gap of the mountains, but after a sharp conflict with General Davis's command were routed and one piece of artillery captured. On the next day (27th) I supported General Johnson's division in its advance on Triune, where the enemy were supposed to be in considerable force. The town was taken possession of after a slight resistance, the main portion of their forces having evacuated the place. On the 28th of December I encamped at Triune. On the 29th I supported General Davis's division, which had the advance from Triune on Murfreesboro', encamping that night at Wilkinson's Crossroads, from which point there is a good turnpike to Murfreesboro'. On the next day (the 30th) I took the advance of the right wing on this turnpike towards Murfreesboro', General Stanley, with a regiment of cavalry, having been thrown in advance. After arriving at a point about three miles from Murfreesboro', the enemy's infantry pickets were encountered and driven back, their numbers constantly increasing until I had arrived within about two miles and a quarter of Murfreesboro'. At this point the resistance was so strong as to require two regiments to drive them. I was here directed by Major General McCook to form my line of battle, and place my artillery in position. My line was formed on the right of the pike and obliquely to it; four regiments to the front, with a second line of four regiments within short supporting distance in the rear, with a reserve of one brigade in column of regiments, to

Page  289 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 289 the rear and opposite the centre. General Davis was then ordered to close in and form on my right. The enemy all this time keeping up a heavy artillery and musketry fire upon my skirmishers. The enemy continued to occupy with their skirmishers a heavy belt of timber to the right and front of my line, and across some open fields and near where the left of General Davis's division was intended to rest. General Davis was then directed by Major General McCook to swing his division, and I was directed to swing my right brigade with it until our continuous line would front nearly due east. This would give us possession of the timber above alluded to, and which was occupied by the enemy's skirmishers in considerable force. This movement was successfully executed after a stubborn resistance on the part of the enemy, in which they used one battery of artillery. This battery was silenced in a very short time by Bush's and Hescock's batteries of my division, and two of the enemy's pieces disabled. *At sundown I had taken up my position, my right retting in the timber, my left on the Wilkinson's pike, my reserve brigade of four regiments to the rear and opposite the centre. The killed and wounded during the day was seventy-five men. General Davis's left was closed in on my right, and his line thrown to the rear, so that it formed nearly-a right angle with me. General Negley's division of Thomas's corps was immediately on my left, his right resting on the left-hand side of the Wilkinson pike. The enemy appeared to be in strong force, in a heavy cedar woods, across an open valley varying from 300 to 400 yards. At two o'clock on.the morning of the 31st General Sill, who had command of my right brigade, reported great activity on the part of the enemy immediately in his front. This being the narrowest point in the valley, I was fearful that an attack might occur at that point. I therefore directed two-regiments from the reserves to report to General Sill, who placed them in position iri very short supporting distance of his lines. At four o'clock in the morning, the division was assembled under arms, and the cannoneers at their pieces. About fifteen minutes after seven o'clock in the morning, the enemy advanced to the attack, across an open cotton-field, on Sill's front. This column was opened upon by Bush's battery, of Sill's brigade, which had a direct fire on its front; also by Hescock's and Houghtaling's batteries, which had an oblique fire on its front, from a commanding position near the centre of my line. The effect of this fire upon the enemy's columns was terrible. The enemy, however, continned to advance until they had reached nearly the,edge of the timber, when they were opened upon by Sill's infantry at a range of not over fifty yards. The destruction to the enemy's columns which was closed in mass, being several regiments in depth, was terrible. For a short time they withstood the fire, manceuvred, then broke and ran-Sill directing his troops to charge, which was gallantly responded to, and the enemy driven back across the valley and behind their intrenchments. In this charge I had the misfortune to lose General Sill, who was killed. The brigade then fell back in good order, and resumed its original lines. The enemy soon rallied and advanced to the attack on my extreme right and in front of Colonel Woodruff, of Davis's division. Here unfortunately the brigade of'Colonel Woodruff gave way, also one regiment of Sill's brigade, which was in the second line. This regiment fell back some distance into the open field and there rallied, its place being occupied by a third regiment of my reserve. At this time the enemy, who had attacked on the extreme right of our wing against*Johnson, and also on Davis's front, had been successful, and the two divisions on my.right were retiring in great confusion, closely followed by the enemy, completely turning my pdsition and exposing my line to a fire from the rear. I hastily withdrew the whole of Sill's briEx. Doc. 2 —-19

Page  290 290 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. gade, and the three regiments sent to support it, at the same time directing Colonel Roberts, of the left brigade, who had charged front and formed in column of regiments, to charge the enemy in the timber from which I had withdrawn those regiments. This was very gallantly done by Colonel Roberts, who captured one piece of the enemy's artillery, which had to be abandoned. In the mean time I had formed Sill's and Schaefer's brigades on a line at right angles to my first line, and behind the three batteries of artillery, which were placed in a fine position, directing Colonel Roberts to return and form on this newo line. I then made an unavailing attempt to form the troops on my right on this line, in front of which there were open fields, through which the enemy was approaching under a heavy fire from Hescock's, Houghtaling's, and Bush's batteries. After the attempt had proved to be entirely unsuccessful, and my right was again turned, General McCook directed me to advance to the front and form on the right of Negley. This movement was successfully accomplished under a heavy fire of musketry and artillery, every regiment of mine remaining unbroken. I took position on Negley's right, Roberts's brigade having been placed in position at right angles to Negley's line, facing to the south, the other two brigades being placed to the rear and at right angles with Roberts's, and facing the west, covering the rear of Negley's lines. I then directed Houghtaling's battery to take position at the angle of these two lines, Captain Hescock sending one section of his battery under Lieutenant Taliaferro and one section of Bush's battery to the same point, the remaining pieces of Hescock's and Bush's batteries were placed on the right of Negley's line facing towards Murfreesboro'. In this position I was immediately attacked, when one of the bitterest and most sanguinary contests of the day occurred. General Cheatam's division advanced on Roberts's brigade, and heavy masses of the enemy, with three batteries of artillery, advanced over the open ground which I had occupied in the previous part of the engagement, at the same time the enemy opening from their intrenchments in the direction of Murfreesboro'. The contest then became terrible; the enemy made three attacks and were three times repulsed, the artillery range of the respective batteries being not over 200 yards. In these attacks Roberts's brigade lost its gallant commander, who was killed. There was no sign of faltering with the men, the only cry being- for more ammunition, which unfortunately could not be supplied, on account of the discomfiture of the troops on the right of our wing, which allowed the enemy to come in and capture our ammunition train. Schaefer's brigade being entirely out of ammunition, I directed them to fix bayonets and await the enemy. Roberts's brigade, which was nearly out'of ammunition, I directed to fall back, resisting the enemy. Captain Houghtaling, having exhausted all his ammunition, and nearly all fhe horses of his battery having been killed, attempted, with the assistance of the men, to withdraw his pieces by hand. Lieutenant Taliaferro, commanding the section of Hescock's battery, having been killed, and several of his horses shot, his two pieces were brought off by his sergeant, with the assistance of the men. The difficulty of withdrawing the artillery here became very great, the ground being rocky and covered with a dense growth of cedar. Houghtaling's battery had to be abandoned; also two pieces of Bush's battery. The remaining pieces of artillery in the division were brought through the cedars, with great difficulty, under a terrible fire from the enemy, on to the open space on the Murfreesboro' pike, near the right of General Palmer's division. In coming through the cedars tw( regiments of Schaefer's brigade succeeded

Page  291 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 291 in obtaining ammunition, and were immediately put in front to resist the enemy, who appeared to be driving in our entire lines. On arriving at the open space I was directed by Major General Rosecrans to take those two regiments and put them into action on the right of Palmer's -division, where the enemy were pressing heavily. The two regiments went in very gallantly, driving the enemy from the cedar timber and some distance to the front. At the same time I put four pieces of Hescock's battery into action near by and on the same front. The other two regiments of Schaefer's brigade, and the thirty-sixth Illinois, of Sill's brigade, were directed to cross the railroad where they could obtain ammunition. I then, by direction of Major General McCook, withdrew the two regiments that had been placed on the right of Palmer's division, also Captain Hescock's pieces, that point having been given up to the enemy in the rearrangement of our lines. These regiments of Schaefer's brigade, having supplied themselves with ammunition, I put into action, by direction of Major General Rosecrans, directly to the front and right of General Wood's division on the left-hand side of the railroad. The brigade advanced through a clump of timber and took position on the edge of a cotton-field, close upon the enemy's lines, relieving the division of General Wood, which was falling back under heavy pressure from the enemy. At this point I lost my third and last brigade commander, Col. Fred. Schaefer, who was killed. The brigade, after remaining in this position until after it had expended its amunition, was withdrawn to the rear of this timber, where it was again supplied and joined by the 36th Illinois. I was here directed by General Rosecrans to form a close column of attack and charge the enemy should they again come down on the open ground. The remaining portion of the evening this gallant brigade remained in close column of regiments, and under the fire of the enemy's batteries, which killed about twenty of the men by round shot. In the mean time Colonel Roberts's brigade, which had come out of the cedars unbroken, was put into action by General McCook at a point a short distance to the rear, where the enemy threatened our communication on the Murfreesboro' pike. The brigade having but three or four rounds of ammunition, cheerfully went into action, gallantly charged the enemy, routing them, recapturing two pieces of artillery and taking forty prisoners. The rout of the enemy at this point deserves special consideration, as they had here nearly reached the Murfreesboro' pike. On the night of the 31st I was placed in position on the Murfreesboro' pike, facing south, and on the ground where Roberts's brigade had charged the enemy, General Davis being on my right. On the 1st of January heavy skirmish fighting, with occasional artillery shots on both sides, was kept up till about three o'clock p. m., when a charge was made by a brigade of the enemy on my position. This was handsomely repulsed and one officer and eighty-five men of the enemy captured. Colonel Walker's brigade, of Thomas's corps, was also placed under my command temporarily, having a position on my left, where the same character of fighting was kept up. On the 2d January Colonel Walker sustained two heavy attacks, which he gallantly repulsed. On the 3d skirmishing took place throughout the day. On the 4th all was quiet in front, the enemy having disappeared. On the 5th nothing of importance occurred, and on the 6th January I moved my command to its present camp on Stone river, three miles south of Murfreesboro', on the Shelbyville pike. I trust that the general commanding is satisfied with my division. It fought bravely and well. The loss of IHoughtaling's battery and one section of Bush's battery was unavoidable. All the horses were shot down or disabled, Captain Houghtaling wounded, and Lieutenant T1liaferro killed. My division alone and unbroken made a gallant stand to protect the right

Page  292 292 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. flank of our army, being all that remained of the right wing. Had my ammunition held out I would not have fallen back, although such were my orders if hard pressed. As it was, this determined stand of my troops gave time for a rearrangement of our lines. The division mourns the loss of Sill, Schaefer, and Roberts; they were all instantly killed, and at the moment when their gallant brigades were charging the enemy. They were true soldiers, prompt and brave. On the death of these officers, respectively, Colonel Grensel, 36th Illinois, took command of Sill's brigade; Lieutenant Colonel Laiboldt, 2d Missouri, of Schaefer's, and Colonel Bradley, 51st Illinois, of Roberts's brigade. These officers behaved gallantly throughout the day. It is also my sad duty to record the death of Colonel F. A. Harrington, of the 27th Illinois, who fell heroically leading his regiment to the charge. I refer with pride to the splendid conduct, bravery, and efficiency of the following regimental commanders, and the officers and men of their respective commands: Colonel F. S. Sherman, 88th Illinois; Major F. Ehrler, 2d Missouri; Lieutenant Colonel John Weber, 15th Missouri; Captain W. W. Barrett, 44th Illinois, woundea; Major W. A. Presson, 73d Illinois, wounded; Major Silas Miller, 36th Illinois, wounded and a prisoner; Captain P. C. Oleson, 36th Illinois; Major E. C. Hibbard, 24th Wisconsin; Lieutenant Colonel N. H. Walworth, 42d Illinois; Lieutenant Colonel F. Swamvick, 22d Illinois, wounded and a prisoner; Captain Samuel Johnson, 22d Illinois; Major W. A. Schatill, 27th Illinois; Captain Wescott, 51st Illinois. I respectfully bring to the notice of the general commanding the good conduct of Captain Wescock, chief of artillery, whose services were almost invaluable; also Captains Houghtaling and Bush, and the officers and men of their batteries. Surgeon D. J. Griffiths, medical director of my division, and Dr. McArthur, of the board of medical examiners of Illinois, were most assiduous in their care of the wounded. Major N. F. Deitz, provost marshal, Captain Morhardt, topographical engineer, Lieutenant George Lee, acting assistant adjutant general, Lieutenants R. M. Denning, Frank H. Allen, E. M. De Bruin, J. S. Forman, and - Somard, aides-de-camp, officers of my staff, were of the greatest service to me, delivering my orders faithfully, and promptly discharging the duties of their respective positions. The ammunition train, above alluded to as captured, was retaken from the enemy through the good conduct of Captain Thruston, ordnance officer of the corps, and Lieutenant Douglass, ordnance officer of my division, who, with Sergeant Cooper, of my escort, rallied the stragglers and drove off the enemy's cavalry. The following is the total of casualties in the division: Officers killed, 15; wounded, 38; missing, 11. Total of officers, 64. Einlisted men killed, 223; wounded, 943; missing, 400. Total of enlisted men, 1,566. Aggregate, 1,630. Of the 11 offcers and 400 enlisted men missing many are known to be wounded and in the hands of the enemy. Prisoners were captured from the enemy by my division as follows: 1 major, 1 captain, 3 lieutenants, and 216 enlisted men; total, 227. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, P. HI. SHERIDAN, Brigadier General Commanding. Major J. A. CAMPBELL, Assistant Adjutant General, Right WVing, Fourteenth Army Corps.

Page  293 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 293 Officers killed. Brigadier General J. W. Sill, commanding first brigade; Colonel F. Schaefer, 2d Missouri infantry, commanding second brigade; Colonel George W. Roberts, 42d Illinois infantry, commanding third brigade. FIRST BRIGADE. Thirty-sixth Illinois regiment. —Second Lieutenant Soren P. Olson, company F. Eighty-eighth Illinois regiment.-First Lieutenant Thomas F. W. Gulich, company C. Twenty-fourth Wisconsin regiment.-Second Lieutenant Christian Nix, company D. SECOND BRIGADE. Fifteenth Missouri regiment.-Captain Medchier Zimmerman, company C; Second Lieutenant Christian Quincius, company, B; Second Lieutenant Charles Kelner, company E. Fortyfiourth Illinois regiment.-Captain A. J. Hosmer, company F. Seventy-third Illinois regiment.-Captain Edwin Alsop, company F. First Missouri Light Artillery.-First Lieutenant R. C. M. Taliaferro, company G. THIRD BRIGADE. Twenty-seventh Illinois regiment.-Colonel F. A. Harrington. Fifty-first Illinois regiment.-Second Lieutenant John S. Keith, company A. Forty-second Illinois regiment.-Second Lieutenant F. Lettman, company B. Officers wiounded. FIRST BRIGADE. Thirty-sixth Illinois regiment.-Major Silas Miller*; First Lieutenant S. H. Wakeman,* company A; Captain B. F. Campbell,* company B; Captain Albert Hobbs,* company E; Lieutenant G. W. Moseman, company F; Captain 0. B. Merrill,*company I; First Lieutenant John F. Elliott,* company K. Eighty-eighth Illinois regiment.-Major G. W. Chandler; Captain G. W. Smith, company A; First Lieutenant H. C. McDonald, company K. Twenty-fourth Wisconsin regiment.-Second Lieutenant George Blyer; company A. Twenty-first M2ichigan regiment.-First Lieutenant B. D. Fox, company B; Captain S. O. Fitzgerals, company C; Captain A. C. Alber, company G; Lieutenant M. B. Wells, regimental adjutant; Lieutenant Albert G. Russell, company K. SECOND BRIGADE. Fifteenth Missouri regiment.-Captain George Ernst, company B; Lieutenant Martin Schroeder, company D; Second Lieutenant George Mohrhardt, company F; First Lieutenant Jacob Lupp, company K. Forty-fourth Illinois regiment.-Captain Wallace W. Barrett, company B, commanding regiment; Second Lieutenant S. W. Parker, company B; Captain Ernst Moldenhower, company E; Lieutenant James R. Ransom, adjutant. Seventy-third Illinois regiment.-Major W. A. Preston; Doctor March, assistant surgeon; Lieutenant E. W. Bennett, company A; Lieutenant B. Presson, company C; Lieutenant William Barrick, company F. THIRD BRIGADE. Twenty-seventh Illinois regiment. —Second Lieutenant W. S. Bryan, company I. 0x Known to be in the hands of the enemy.

Page  294 294 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. Forty-second Illinois regiment.-Captain J. Leighton, company C. Fifty-first Illinois regiment.-Major Charles W. Davis; Captain James S. Boyd, company B; Lieutenant Henry A. Buck, company K. Twenty-second Illinois regiment.-Lieutenant Harry Clifth, adjutant; Lieutenant William S. Ford, company A; Captain Wm. A. Gregory, company C; Lieutenant S. M. Galloway, company D. First Illinois artillery.-Captain Charles Houghtaling, company C. Oicers missing. FIRST BRIGADE. Thirty-sixth Illinois regiment. —Second Lieutenant Myron Smith, company H. Twenty-first Michigan regiment.-Second Lieutenant Eli E. Barnett, company K. SECOND BRIGADE. Second Missouri regiment.-Second Lieutenant Leo Kenith, company A. THIRD BRIGADE. Fifty-first Illinois regiment. —Lieutenant Archibald L. McCormas, company E. Twenty-second Illinois regimnent.-Lieutenant Colonel F. Sivanwick; Lieutenant Andrew Young, company K; Captain H. Bourman, company F; Second Lieutenant William Lishman, company K. First Illinois artillery.-Second Lieutenant Joseph R. Channel, company C. List of non-commissioned officers killed. FIRST BRIGADE. Twenty-first Michigan regiment.-Sergeant A. A. Sawyer, company H; Sergeant Wm. T. Scarr, company I; Corporal Merrifield, company B; Corporal Edwin Rathline, company E; Corporal Julius F. Barrett, company K. Twenty-fourth Wisconsin regiment.-Sergeant Geo. S. Rickwell, company B; Corporal Frank S. Hale, company G. Eighty-eighth Illinois regiment.-Corporal Wim. T. Owen, company C; First Sergeant Eugene A. Lyford and Corporal Fred. W. Holton, company I. Thirty-sixth Illinois regiment.-Corporal Thomas Fenner, company A; Sergeant David-McClorg, company B; Sergeant Alexander Stickler and Corporal William C. Benedict, company D; Sergeant Romier Michael and Corporal Alfred Riggs, company F; Corporals Win. Hutchings, Orlando W. Nash, and Alon Riniker, company H; Corporal Aseph Adams, company K. Fourth/ Indiana battery.-Sergeant John Young and Corporal William A. Stoddard. SECOND BRIGADE. Second Missouri regiment.-Sergeant Fred. Grandliner, company B; Corporal Peter Hagely, company G; Sergeant John Schmidt, company H. Fifteenth Missouri regiment.-Sergeant George Grandehemp, company E'; Corporal Henry Schwab, company F. Forty fourth Illinois regiment.-Sergeant Chester Kreft, company B; Sergeant Asmus Ruhberg, company E; Sergeant Cyrus R. Wells, company G; Sergeant S. McCormick and Corporals Teophil Lacey and Isaac Price, company I; Corporal John Johnson, company K.. Seventy-third Illinois regiment.-Sergeant C. B. Mantle, company A; Sergeant Elisha T. McCormas, company I; Corporal George W. Oulman, company K.

Page  295 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. 295 THIRD BRIGADE. Twenty-seventh Jlinois regiment.-Corporal Win. D. Malaby, company G; Corporal James A. Martin, company H. Forty second Illinois regiment.-Sergeant J. Hall, company E; Sergeant C. B. Chipman, and Corporals M. Mattocks and E. M. Harrison, company H; Corporal A. Smith, company I; Sergeant 0. E. Rowan and Corporal 0. N. Benson, company K. Fifty-first Illinois regiment.-Sergeant J. M. Mansfield, company B; Sergeant Thomas Barnes, company C; Corporal John D. Jones; company E. Twenty-second Illinois regiment.-Corporal Gotlieb Vogel, company C; Corporal C. Gibert, company F; Corporal Wm. L. Lewis, company K. First Illinois artillery.-Sergeant George Cooper, company C. List of non-commissioned oficers wounded. FIRST BRIGADE. Twenty-first MIichigan regiment.-Sergeant Charles D. Loring, company A' Sergeant W. E. Thornton, company B; Sergeant A. C. Leonard, company C; Corporal John Frederick, company E; Sergeant Charles E. Belknap, company H; Corporal F. W. Chapin, company H; Sergeants A. A. Alcote and Samuel Walbridge, company I; Corporal Sanford White, company I; Sergeant E. B. Potter, company K. Twenty-fourth Wisconsin Regiment.-Corporal George H. Tucker, company A; Sergeants George Cole and Charles Swan, company B; Corporals Henry B. Furness and Albert Weber, company B; Corporals Charles C. Mayer and Gustave Weckerman, company C; Corporal George Creighton, company F; Sergeant H. W. Carter, company G; Corporals B. F. Marshall and C. Galvidson, company I. Eighty-eighth Illinois regiment.-First Sergeant Henry C. Griffin, company C; Sergeant Edwin C. Miller and Corporal Clinton L. Haring, company F; First Sergeant H. L. Brigham and Corporal Charles Walker, company H; Corporal Andrew Cox, company K. Thirty-sixth Illinois regiment.-Sergeant Alexander Robinson and Corporal Benjamin D. Rowland, company A; (corporals Henry B. Letham and Wm. H. Blakslee, company B; Corporal John C. Taylor, company D; First Sergeant 0. Smith, Sergeant L. F. Hemenway, and Corporals D. Dammell and D. Burnside, company E; Sergeants S. F. Smith and William Eybond, and Corporal William Mlossman, company F; First Sergeant H. N. Crittenden, and Sergeants Nelson B. Sherwood, J. C. Wolfe, and I). Hartman, company H; Sergeant T. Folson and Corporal Frank Week, company K. Fourth Indiana battery.-Corporal Edgar S. Abbott. SECOND BRIGADE. Second Missouri regiment.-Corporal Louis Rinken, company A; Corporal Henry Ulrich, company C; Sergeants Joseph Weizt, Any Kreuter, Gustave Kessler, and Corporals Conrad Hoffman and H. Eggemann, company D; Sergeant F. Wenckel, company E; Sergeants J. Vatter, Charles Naebert, and L. Kattwasser, company F; Corporal A. Brandenberry, company H. Fifteenth Missouri regiment..-Sergeant William Milke, and Corporals Fred. Blupi, John Beeli, and John Sallenback, company B; Sergeant Louis Arendt and Corporal Ulrich Frei,'company E; Sergeants James Levichten, Joseph Ratsch, and John Geill, and Corporal Henry Miller, company F; Sergeant

Page  296 296 REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL ROSECRANS. John Horr, company G; Sergeant Victor Senn and Corporals Simon Brandley and Julius Rieth, company I. Forty-fourth Illinois regiment.-Sergeant Jacob Daget, and Corporals John Rieth and John Fuchs, company A; Sergeants Martin DeIrin and Jacob E. Conchlin, and Corporals Byron Goodrich and Jesse O'Carry, company B; Sergeant Jackson Ebner, and Corporals William F. Spring and Wesley Oickle, company C; Sergeants Jamies U. Asom, George P. Coons, and George W. Allen, company F; Sergeant Albert Dobson and Corporal Charles Coon, company G; Sergeants William F. Licking, Alonzo Evans, and Henry T. Smith, and Corporals Cornelius Quick and Orson D. Ramsdell, company H; Sergeants John A. Hall and Morris H. Taylor, and Corporal Edwin R. Bliss, company I; Sergeant John Neppart, and Corporals Leopold Norton and Charles Egan, company K. Seventy-third Illinois regiment.-Sergeant Major Henry Castle; Corporal J. T. Armstrong, company A; Sergeant William Commire, company H; Sergeant D. M. Davis, company K. First Missouri artillery.-Sergeant Hiram Jennings and Corporal John E. Stoltze, company G. THIRD BRIGADE. Twenty-seventh Illinois regiment.-Sergeant G.W. Edwards, company B; Sergeants G. W. Clark and Franklin T. Clark, and Corporal W. A. Osborne, company C; Sergeants Nathan Y. Page and John Kennedy, company D; Sergeant A. M. Boggs and Corporal M. L. Rankin, company E; Sergeant S. A. Atwater, company G; Corporal Peter W. Bower, company H. Forty-second Illinois rcgiment.-Corporal A. Daily, company A; Sergeant P. Short, company B; Sergeants J. Aberdeen and B. J. Powell, and Corporal M. S. Holt, companyC; Sergeants M. J. Sheridan and J. N. Hill, and Corporal H. Wells, company D; Sergeant L. R. Norton and Corporal H. Lucas, company E; Sergeant - Ledyard, company F; Sergeant G. W. Bagnall, company G; Sergeant S. H. Reynolds and W. H. Perry, and Corporal J. Pusard, company H; Corporals C. A. Linstrann and J. Voller, company I; Sergeant J. N. McClellan and Corporal J. G. Beard, company K. Fifty-first Illinois regiment.-Sergeant Barton Bumell, company E; Corporal John S. Doughertyj company C; Corporal David A. Schaefer, company F; John Nelson, company G. Twenty-second Illinois regiment.-Sergeant Major Henry Garague; Sergeant Henry D. Roseter, company B; Sergeants T. C. P. White arid Joel Pailsey, and Corporal Robert Reams, company D; Sergeant William H. Kershner, company E; Sergeant William Lamb, company G; Sergeant Martin Ireland and Corporals A. D. A. Henson, John Hoffman, and Ehlmer Wilson, company H; Sergeant William Livingston and Corporals Arick Gibson and William Gray, company I; Corporal James Gale, company K. First Illinois artillery.-Sergeant C. P. Whitman and Corporals Martin Chamel