A dictionary of English synonymes and synonymous or parallel expressions, designed as a practical guide to aptness and variety of phraseology, by Richard Soule.
Soule, Richard, 1812-1877.

Page  I A DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH SYNONYMES AND SYNONYMOUS OR PARALLEL EXPRESSIONS DESIGNED AS A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO APTNESS AND VARIETY OF PHRASEOLOGY BY RICHARD SOULE The exertion of clothing a thought in a completely new set of words increases both clearness of thought and mastery over words. It is the test of a solid thought that it will bear a change of clothing. - J. R. SEELEY. BOSTON LITTLE, BROWN, AND COMPANY 1871

Page  II Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, by RICHARD SOULE, In the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. CAMBRIDGE: PRESS OF JOHN WILSON AND SON.

Page  III PREFACE. THE main design of this Dictionary is to provide a ready means of assistance when one is at a loss for a word or an expression that best suits a particular turn of thought or mood of the mind, or that may obviate an ungraceful repetition. Even practised and skilful writers are sometimes embarrassed in the endeavor to make a sentence more clear, simple, terse, or rhythmical, by the substitution of one form of diction for another. It is presumed that they, as well as novices in composition, will find the present work useful in overcoming difficulties of this sort. As to the method of using it: Whenever a doubt arises in regard to the fitness of any word, and a better one is not readily suggested, let the writer turn to this word in its alphabetical place. Under it will be found the words and phrases, or some clew to the words and phrases, which, in any connection, have the same meaning as itself, or a meaning very nearly the same. That one of them, which comes nearest to expressing the exact shade of thought in the writer's mind, will be likely to arrest the attention and determine the choice. In most cases, all the words that belong to any group will be found in that group. But in some instances, as when the same word falls into two or more groups that are near to each other, or when there are so many synonymes for a word that a repetition of every one of them under each in its alphabetical place would seem to be too formal and prolix, the inquirer is referred to some prominent word among them for a view of the whole. Under the word Blockhead, for example, reference is

Page  IV iv PREFACE. made to the word DUNCE, — printed, for this purpose, in small capitals, as here, — under which will be found all the words that are synonymous with it. This example is given because it is the most marked one in our language of a multiplicity of terms for the same idea. Many nouns ending in ness, and adverbs ending in ly, have been omitted in their alphabetical places, for the reason that their synonymes are sufficiently indicated by the corresponding adjectives. The aim has been to present at a single glance the words or modes of speech which denote the same object, or which express the same general idea, with only slight shades of difference. There has been no attempt at elaborate discussion of the nice distinctions that obtain between words apparently synonymous; but hints of such distinctions have been given whenever it was practicable to give them briefly in a parenthetical remark. In preparing this Dictionary, free use has been made of the following works: Roget's Thesaurus of Words and Phrases; the Quarto Dictionaries of Webster and of Worcester; Crabb's Synonymes; Graham's Synonymes; Whately's Synonymes; Platt's Synonymes; the Dictionaries of Synonymes by Fenby, Sherer, Mackenzie, and Smith; the Medical Dictionaries of Dunglison and of Thomas; and the United States Dispensatory by Wood and Bache. It contains much, however, that has been gathered from a wide field of miscellaneous reading during a long series of years. The author is under special obligations to his friends Mr. JUSTIN WINSOR, Mr. WILLIAM A. WHEELER, and Mr. LooMIS J. CAMPBELL, for the interest they have manifested in the progress of the work, and for their valuable suggestions and criticisms. BROOKLINE, January 2d, 1871.


Page  VI

Page  VII EXPLANATORY TABLE. a. stands for. Adjective. It. stands for... Italian. ad....... Adverb. L.......... Latin. Alg...... Algebra. Math........ Mathematics. Anat.... Anatomy. Med........ Medicine. Arch... Architecture. Meteor...... Meteorology. Arith..... Arithmetic. Mil........ Military. Astrol..... Astrology. Mli. i........ Mineralogy. Astron.. Astronomy. ythol.... Mythology. Bot... Botany. Mus........ Music. Chem.... Chemistry. YNaut....... Nautical. Con....... Commerce. n......... Noun. conj.. Conjunction. Ornith....... Ornithology. Eccl.... Ecclesiastical. pl......... Plural. Eng..... England, or English. prep....... Preposition. Ent...... Entomology. Rhet........ Rhetoric. Fort... Fortification. Sculp....... Sculpture. Fr...... French. sing....... Singular. Geol..... Geology. Sp.... Spanish. Geonz. Q Geometry. Surg.... Surgery. Gram. Grammar. Theol..... Theology. Gr..... Greek. U. S.....v. United States. Her..... Heraldry.. a....... Verb Active. Ich...... Ichthyology. v. n....... Verb Neuter. ietedr..... Interjection. Zoo l........ Zodlogy. a SMALL CAPITALS, in the printing of a word or a phrase, indicate a reference to that word in its alphabetical place, where additional synonymes, or some information in regard to it, may be found. 9 When a word has more than one sighification, the separate groups of synonymes, corresponding to the several meanings, are designated by figures.

Page  VIII

Page  1 SYNONYM ES. A Aback, ad. Backwards, rearwards, re- COUNTENANCE, humiliate, humble, gressively. snub, put to shame, make ashamed, Abaft, prep. (Narut.) Behind, back of, put down, put out of countenance, take in the rear of. down, send away with a flea in one's Abaft, ad. (Naut.) Aft, behind, astern, ear. rearward, back, in the rear. Abashment, n. Confusion, shame, Abalienate, v. a. (Law.) Alienate, mortification, embarrassment. transfer, Convey, demise, make over, Abate, v. a. 1. Lessen, diminish, dedeliver over. crease, reduce, lower, relax, slacken. Abalienation, n. (Law.) Alienation, 2. Remit, allow, bate, rebate, deduct. transfer, demise, conveyance. 3. Moderate, assuage, mitigate, Abandon, v. a. 1. Leave, relinquish, soothe, soften, qualify, alleviate, molquit, forsake, desert, evacuate, drop, lify, allay, appease, pacify, compose, abjure, forswear, give over, cast off, tranquillize, temper, attemper, quiet, retire from, withdraw from. quell, calm, dull, blunt. 2. Surrender, cede, yield, resign, 4. (Latw.) Remove, suppress, terforego, renounce, waive, vacate, ABDI- minate, put an end to. CATE, deliver up, give up, part with, Abate, v. it. 1. Decrease, diminish, let go, lay down. lessen, subside, wane, ebb, intermit, Abandoned, a. 1. Relinquished, de- slacken. serted, forsaken, cast away, rejected, 2. (Law.) Be defeated, frustrated, discarded, given up, given over, cast or overthrown. off. Abatelnent, ns. 1. Diminution, de2. Depraved, corrupted, corrupt, crease, lessening, mitigation, assuageprofligate, vicious, sinful, wicked, dis- ment, decrement, extenuation, remissolute, reprobate, graceless, shameless, sion. unprincipled, lost, obdurate, hardened, 2. Subsidence, wane, ebb. impenitent, incorrigible, irreclaimable, 3. Discount, allowance, rebate, dedemoralized, lost to shame, dead to duction, reduction, drawback. honor. Abbey, n. Monastery, convent, cloister, Abandonment, ta. 1. Abandoning, re- priory, nunnery. linquishment, desertion, dereliction. Abbreviate, v. a. Shorten (by cutting 2. Renunciation, surrender, cession, off), curtail, reduce, contract, retrench, resignation, abnegation, abjuration, re- ABRIDGE, condense, compress, epitojectiOli, ABDICATION. mize, cut short, cut down. Abarticulation, it. (Med.) Diarthrosis. Abbreviation, a. Shortening (by cutting Abase, v. a. 1. Depress, lower, reduce, qf), curtailment, contraction, ABEIDGdrop, sink, stoop, cast down, let down, MENT,, reduction, condensation, comlet fall. pression. 2. Degrade, humble, disgrace, dis- Abdicate, va. a. Resign (an o ce or dighonor, humiliate, debase, bring low, nity), surrender (a right), cede, forego, take down. renounce, relinquish, abandon, quit, Abasement, i. 1. Depression, detru- vacate, give up, part with, lay down, sion, reduction, lowering, fall, deteriora- renounce all claim to. tion, degradation, debasement, degen- Abdicate, v. it. Resign, relinquish office eracy, vitiation, perversion, deprava- (especially that of a king), vacate the tion. throne. 2. Abjectness, abjection, vileness, Abdication, n. Abdicating, resignation, baseness, contemptibleness, despicable- surrender, renunciation, abandonment. ness. Abdomen, a. Belly, paunch. 3. Humiliation, condescension, sub- Abdominal, a. Ventral. mission, submissiveness, resignation, Abdominous, a. Large-bellied, greathumility, meekness, humbleness, lowli- bellied, big-bellied, pot-bellied, tunness, self-abasement. bellied. Abash, v. a. Shame, mortify, confuse, Abduce, v. a. (A4nat.) Withdraw, draw confound, disconcert, discompose, DIS- away, pull back. 1

Page  2 ABDUCT 2 ABODE Abduct, v. a. Kidnap, carry off, run Ability, n. 1. Power (to execute amn away with, run off with. thing.), ableness, force, potency, might, Abduction, n. 1. Withdrawing, with- efficiency, efficacy, strength, energy, drawal, withdrawment, drawing away. skill, skilfulness, dexterity, address, 2. Kidnapping. cleverness, ingenuity, talent, aptitude, Aberdevine, at. Siskin (Carduelis qpi- aptness, knack, expertness, facility, nus). quickness, readiness. Aberrance, n. Deviation, departure. 2. Qualification, competency, suffiAberrant, a. 1. Deviating, wandering, ciency. rambling, diverging, divergent, devious, 3. CAPACITY, capability, capableerratic, out of the way.. ness, faculty, gift, parts, genius, endow2. Irregular, abnormal, unnatural, ment, calibre, forte, turn. unusual, singular, peculiar, anomalous, Abject, a. Base, vile, mean, low, desunconformable, exceptional, strange, picable, contemptible, beggarly, paltry, anomalistic, eccentric, monstrous, pre- dirty, squalid, grovelling, pitiful, ignoternatural. ble, degraded, worthless, poor, servile, Aberration, n. 1. Deviation, diver- slavish, menial, sneaking, sordid, gence, wandering, rambling, departure. shabby, scurvy, miserable, wretched, 2. Irregularity, eccentricity, singu- low-minded, base-minded, earth-born, larity, peculiarity, strangeness, uncon- earth-bred. formity, anomaly, abnormity, mon- Abjection, a. 1. [Rare.] Humbling, strosity. humiliation. 3. Illusion, delusion, hallucination, 2. Abasement, ABJECTNESS. monomania, self-deception. Abjectness, n. Meanness, servility, Abet, v. a. 1. Aid, assist, help, support, vileness, baseness, abasement, abjecsuccor, second, sustain, uphold,. back, tion, contemptibleness. co-operate with, take part with, give Abjuration, 1. Renunciation (upon support to. oath), relinquishment, rejection, aban2. Favor, encourage, sanction, coun- donment, abnegation. tenance, advocate,.connive at. 2. Recantation, retraction, revoca3. (Law.) Instigate (to commit a tion, repeal, reversal, recall. crime), stimulate, incite, foment. Abjure, v. a. 1. Renounce (upon oath), Abettor, n. 1. Assistant, helper, aider, relinquish, forego, reject, forswear, coadjutor, co-operator, ally, auxiliary. abandon, ABNEGATE, give up, cast 2. Advocate, adviser, promoter, in- off. stigator. 2. Retract, revoke, recant, recall, 3. Confederate, accomplice, accesso- withdraw, disavow, take back. ry, PARTICEPS CRIMINIS, SOCIUS CBRIi- Able, a. 1. Clever, accomplished, talINIS. ented, adroit, ingenious, expert, dexAbeyance, n. 1. (Law.) Expectation, terous, apt, quick, skilful, efficient, prospect, expectancy, waiting, anticipa- proficient, good, versed, practical, AU tion, calculation, contemplation. FAIT. 2. Suspense, reservation, intermis- 2. Qualified, fitted, competent. sion, remission, dormancy, quiescence. 3. Capable, gifted, powerful, strong, Abhor, v. a. Hate, abominate, detest, mighty, highly endowed. loathe, nauseate, shrink from, recoil 4. Masterly, effective, telling. from, shudder at, view with horror. Ableness, a. ABILITY. Abhorrence, n. Abomination, horror, Abntlu ion, n. Washing (especially of detestation, hatred, loathing, disgust, the body, as a religious rite), lavation, antipathy, aversion. bathing, wash. Abhorrent, a. 1. Hating, detesting, Abnegate, v. a. [Rare.] Deny, reject, abominating, loathing. renounce, abjure. 2. Odious, offensive, shocking, repug- Abnegation, a. Denial, renunciation, nant, hateful, loathsome. rejection, abandonment, abjuration, Abide, v. n. 1. Stay, sojourn, tarry, surrender. lodge, rest, keep, take up one's quar- Abnormal, a. Irregular, anomalous, ters, pitch one's tent. anomalistic, unusual, unnatural, sin2. Dwell, reside, live, inhabit, settle, gular, peculiar, unconformable, excepplant one's self, get a footing, get a tional, heteroclite, aberrant, eccentric, foothold. erratic, strange, monstrous, preternat3. Remain, continue, persist, perse- ural. vere, UBssrsT, go on, keep on, be stead- Abnornity, it. Irregularity, uncolnfast, be constant. formity, anomaly, peculiarity, singu4. Endure, bear. larity, monstrosity. Abide, v. a. 1. Await, attend, wait for, Aboard, ad..On board, in the ship, in be in readiness for, be in store for. the vessel. 2. Endure, tolerate, bear, brook, suf- Abode, n. 1. Habitation, dwelling, lodgfer, bear with, put up with. ilg, domicile, home, house, seat, place, Abide by. Act up to, conform to, per- quarters, head-quarters, place of resisist in. dence. Abiding, a. Permanent, lasting, dura- 2. [Rare.] Continuance (in a place), ble, constant, continuing, stable. stay, residence.

Page  3 ABOLISH 3 ABSCOND Abolish, v. a. 1. Abrogate, annul, dis- Above, prep. 1. Higher than. annul, repeal, rescind, revoke, cancel, 2. Over, exceeding, more than, greatnullify, quash, vacate, invalidate, set er than. aside, make void. 3. Beyond, superior to. 2. Destroy, overthrow, subvert, oblit- 4. Too high for, too proud for. erate, extirpate, eradicate, annihilate, Above, ad. 1. Overhead, aloft, on high, extinguish, suppress, DISESTABLISH, in a high place. do away, put an end to. 2. Before, in a former part. Abolition, n. 1. Abrogation, annulment, 3. Of a higher rank or order. annulling, nullification, rescinding, re- Above all. Chiefly, in the first place, vocation, cancelling, repeal, rescission. before all other considerations. 2. Destruction, overthrow, subver- Above-board, ad. Openly, candidly, sion, obliteration, extirpation, eradica- ingenuously, frankly, sincerely, fairly, tion, annihilation, extinction, extin- in open sight, without artifice, without guishment, suppression, DISESTAB- equivocation, without guile, without LISHMINENT. disguise. Abominable, a. 1. Hateful, odious, Abrade, v. a. ScRAPE, wear away, detestable, horrid, horrible, execrable, wear off, rub off. nefarious, damnable, cursed, accursed, Abrasion, is. Friction, attrition, rubhellish. bing, disintegration, CONFRICATION, 2. Loathsome, offensive, obnoxious, wearing away, wearing off, rubbing foul, nauseous, nauseating, disgusting, off. sickening, repulsive, revolting, shock- Abreast, ad. 1. Alongside, side by ing. side. 3. Vile, wretched, sorry, scurvy, 2. Against, off, on a line with, opposhabby, bad. site to. Abominate, v. a. Abhor, detest, exe- Abridge, v. a. 1. Shorten (by comnprescrate, hate, loathe, nauseate, shrink sion), epitomize, condense, compress, from, recoil from, shudder at, view make an abstract of. with horror. 2. Diminish, reduce, contract, curAbomination, in. 1. Abhorrence, de- tail, lessen, ABBREVIATE, retrench, testation, execration, hatred, loathing, cut down. disgust, antipathy. 3. Deprive, dispossess, divest. 2. Contamination, pollution, defile- Abridger, n. Epitomizer, writer of an ment, taint, uncleanness, impurity, epitome. foulness. Abridgment, n. 1. Shortening (by 3. Nuisance, annoyance, plague, in- compression), contraction, diminution, fliction, torment, curse, great evil, reduction, ABBREVIATION, curtailhateful thing. ment, retrenchment. Aboriginal, a. Primitive, primeval, - 2. Compendium, compend, epitome, primordial, pristine, primary, prime, summary, abstract, digest, synopsis, original, first, native, indigenous, au- syllabus, breviary, brief, conspectus, tochthonal. outline, sum and substance. Abortion,?n. 1. Miscarriage. 3. Deprivation, dispossession. 2. Failure, disappointment, want of Abroach, ad. 1. Broached, tapped, on success, vain effort or attempt. tap. Abortive, a. 1. Miscarrying, failing, 2. A-going. untimely, immature. Abroad, ad. 1. Widely, at large. 2. Unavailing, vain, fruitless, use- 2. Forth, out of the house, out of less, bootless, ineffectual, ineffective, doors, in the open air. inoperative, unsuccessful, profitless, fu- 3. Extensively, before the public. tile, unprofitable, idle,.nugatory, in 4. Without (as opposed to within). vain, of no account. Abrogate, v. a. Annul, disannul, reAbound, v. n. 1. Teem, swarm, super- peal, revoke, rescind, cancel, abolish, abound, swell, flow, increase, multiply, nullify, quash, vacate, invalidate, overbe in great plenty, be numerous, be rule, set aside, do away, make void. very prevalent. Abrogation, se. Repeal, rescission, re2. Exuberate, luxuriate, revel, wan- scinding, abolition, annulment, annulton, be well furnished, be well supplied. ling, revocation. About, prep. 1. Around, round, encir- Abrupt, a. 1. Broken, cragged, craggy, cling, surrounding. rough, rugged. 2. Near, near to, not far from. 2. Steep, precipitous. 3. Concerning; touching, respecting, 3. Sudden, -unexpected, unanticirelating to, relative to, with respect to, pated, precipitate, hasty, unseasonable, with reference to, in regard to, with ill-timed, unlooked for. regard to. 4. Short, blunt, unceremonious, curt. 4. Through, over. 5. Inelegant (as style), stiff, cramped, About, ad. 1. Around, here and there. harsh, disconnected, unconnected. 2. Nearly, near, approximately, not Abscess, s. Sore, ulcer, fester, impostfar from. hume, pustule, gathering, boil. 3. Ready, in a state of readiness, on Abscond, v. n. 1. Withdraw, flee, fly, the point. decamp, escape, elope, retreat, bolt,

Page  4 ABSENCE 4 ABUSE make off, steal away, slink away, slip Abstinence, n. 1. Abstaining, refrainaway, run away, run off, sneak ofilf, ing. pack off, effect one's escape. 2. Abstemiousness, soberness, tem2. Hide, secrete one's self. perance, moderation. Absence, ni. 1. Non-attendance, non- Abstinent, a. 1. Abstaining, fasting. appearance. 2. Abstemious, sober, temperate. 2. Inattention, abstraction, preoccu- Abstract, v. a. 1. Separate, disunite, pation, distraction, revery, musing, disjoin, dissociate, isolate, detach, disbrown study, absence of mind. engage. 3. Want, deficiency, lack, default. 2. Take, seize, appropriate, steal, 4. Privation, negation. purloin. Absent, a. 1. Away, gone, not present. 3. Abridge, abbreviate, epitomize, f. Abstracted, preoccupied, inatten- make an abstract of. tive, dreaming, musing, lost, napping, Abstract, a. 1. Separate, isolated, not absent-minded, in a brown study. concrete. Absent-minded, a. Abstracted, AB- 2. Occult, recondite, subtile, refined, SENT. abstracted, ABSTRUSE. Absent one's self, Be not present, Abstract, a9. Abridgment, epitome, stay away. summary, conspectus, compend, comAbsolute, a. 1. Independent, unre- pendium, synopsis, syllabus, outline, stricted, unqualified, unlimited, uncon- digest, brief, breviary, sum and subditional, unconditioned, complete, per- stance, concise statement. fect. Abstracted, a..1. Subtile, refined, ab2. Despotic, arbitrary, tyrannical, stract, abstruse. tyrannous, imperious, imperative, au- 2. Inattentive, preoccupied, lost, thoritative, autocratic, dictatorial, irre- dreaming, musing, absent, absentsponsible. minded, in a revery, in a brown study. 3. Positive, actual, real, veritable, Abstraction, n. 1. Separation, discondeterminate, decided, genuine, cate- nection, disjunction, isolation. gorical, unequivocal, certain. 2. Preoccupation, inattention, revAbsolutely, ad. 1. Completely, un- ery, musing, muse, absence, absence of conditionally, without limit. mind, brown study. 2. Truly, actually, positively, indeed, 3. Taking, abduction, seizure, approreally, in fact, in reality, in truth. priation, stealing, purloining, pilferAbsoluteness, n. 1. Despotism, ABSO- ing. LUTISAI. Abstruse, a. Recondite, occult, pro2. Positiveness, reality, actuality. found, hidden, transcendental, obscure, Absolution, an. Acquittal, remission, difficult, dark, enigmatical, mysterious, discharge, release, liberation, deliver- mystic, mystical, high, abstract, abance, clearance, forgiveness, pardon, stracted, subtile, refined. ITDULGENCE, JUSTIFICATION. Absurd, a. Unreasonable, irrational, Absolutism, n. Absoluteness, arbitra- foolish, nonsensical, ridiculous, inconriness, despotism, tyranny, autocracy. gruous, senseless, unwise, silly, stuAbsolutory, a. Clearing, acquitting, pid, preposterous, PARADOXICAL, illreleasing, pardoning, forgiving, absol- judged, ill-advised, contrary to reason, vatory. contrary to the dictates of common Absolvatory, a. ABSOLUTORY. sense. Absolve, v. a. Acquit, clear, release, -Absurdity, n. 1. Unreasonableness, irliberate, free, discharge, loose, deliver, rationality, foolishness, folly, foolery, exculpate, exonerate, excuse, forgive, extravagance, absurdness. pardon, JUSTIFY, set free. 2. PARADOX, MARIIE'S NEST, CART Absorb, v. a. 1. Imbibe, take in, take BEFORE THE HORSE, absurd thing. up, suck in, suck up, drink in. Absurdness, 9s. ABSURDITY. 2. Consume, exhaust, destroy, en- Absurd story, Cock-and-bull-story, gorge, devour, engulf, swallow up. fiddle-faddle, neither rhyme nor rea3. Engross, engage, immerse, occupy, son. arrest, fix, rivet. Abundance, n. Flow, overflow, exuAbsorbent, a. Absorbing, imbibing. berance, luxuriance, fertility, copiousAbsorption, n. 1. Absorbing. ness, profusion, richness, largeness, 2. Engrossment, occupation, engage- ampleness, wealth, affluence, store, ment, immersion. more than enough, great plenty. Abstain, v. a. Refrain, forbear, desist, Abundant, a. Abounding,., flowing, deny one's self, hold or keep one's self overflowing, plentiful, plenteous, copiback, stay one's hand, keep one's self ous, much, exuberant, luxuriant, refrom indulgence. plete, full, large, ample, good, liberal, Abstemious, a. Abstinent (by habit), bountiful, lavish, rich, teeming, thick. sober, moderate, habitually temperate, Abuse, v. a. 1. Misuse, misemploy, sparing in diet. misapply, pervert, prostitute, desecrate, Abstemiousness, fi. Temperance (as profane, make an ill use of. a habit), abstinence. 2. Maltreat, harm, injure, hurt, illAbstergent, a. (Med.) Cleansing, puri- treat, ill-use. fling, purgative, cathartic. 3. Revile, reproach, vilify, slander,

Page  5 ABUSE 5 ACCOMPLISH traduce, defame, asperse. malign, Accessary, a. Assisting, aiding, abetblacken, disparage, berate, rate, up- ting, helping, accessory. braid, calumniate, lampoon, satirize, Accessary, a. Confederate, accomplice, lash, PASQUINADE, VITUPERATE, rail abettor, accessory, associate (in a at, sneer at, speak ill of, accuse falsely, crime), PARTICEPS CRIMIIIS, SOCIUS damn with faint praise. CRIMINIS. 4. Violate, outrage, ravish, deflour. Accession, n. 1. Addition, increase, Abuse, n. 1. Misapplication, misuse, enlargement, augmentation, extension. misemployment, profanation, prostitu- 2. Coming into power (as a new dytion, desecration, perversion, ill-use. nasty). 2. Maltreatment, outrage, ill-treat- Accessory, a. Assisting, ACCESSARY. meat, bad treatment. Accessory, it. 1. Confederate, ACCEs3. Corrupt practice. SARY. 4. Vituperation, railing, reviling, 2. Accomp'animent, attendant, concontumely, obloquy, opprobrium, in- comitant. suit, scurrility, ribaldry, JAW, foul in- Accidence, n. Grammar, rudiments or vective, rude reproach. elements of grammar. Abusive, a. Reproachful, opprobrious, Accident, c. 1. Casualty, chance, forscurrilous, ribald, contumelious, vitu- tuity, mischance, misadventure, calamperative, condemnatory, damnatory, ity, mishap, hap, hazard, contingency, invective, calumnious, denunciatory, CONTRETEMPS, unforeseen or fortulinsulting, insolent. tons event. Abut against, Meet (end to end or sidle 2. Property, quality, modification, Abut upon, to side), be contiguous. affection, mode. Abyss, it. 1. Gulf, gorge, great depth, Accidental, a. 1. Casual, fortuitous, bottomless gulf or pit. contingent, that happens by chance, 2. Hell, limbo, purgatory. not designed, not planned. Academic, a. 1. Scholastic, liter- 2. Incidental, adventitious, non-esAcademical, ] ary, lettered. sential. 2. Platonic, of Plato. Accidentalness, it. Contingency, forAcademy, it. School, seminary, insti- tuity. tute, gymnasium, high school, college. Accipitres, cc. pl. [L.] (Ornith.) RapAcarpous, a. (Bot.) Unfruitful, sterile, tors, RAPTORES, raptorials, rapacious barren, fruitless, unproductive. birds, birds of prey. Accede, v. it. Consent, agree, assent, Acclaim, n. [Poetical.] AcCLAMAacquiesce, comply, yield assent, give TION. assent. Acclamation, cn. Applause, plaudit, Accelerate, v,. a. Hasten, expedite, shouting, cheer, cry, outcry, Mclat, AChurry, quicken, speed, precipitate, de- CLAIM, shout of applause. spatch, urge forward, push forward, Acclimnate, v. a. Acclimatize, inure or push on, press on, urge on. habituate to a climate. Acceleration, n. Hastening, increase Acclimatize, v. a. ACCLIMATE. of velocity. Acclivity, ci. Ascent, slope (upwards), Accent, cc. 1. Intonation, cadence, tone, rising ground. modulation of voice. Accommodate, v. a. 1. Oblige, serve, 2. Stress (occ a certain syllable). supply, furnish, do a service for, supply Accent, v. a. Accentuate, lay stress the wants of, minister to the convenupon, pronounce with accent. ience of. Accents, n. pl. Language, words. 2. Fit, suit, adapt, make conform, Accentuate, v. a. 1. Mark with accent, make conformable. put the mark of accent upon. 3. Reconcile, adjust, settle, compose. 2. Accent, lay stress upon, pronounce Accommodate with, Furnish, supply, with accent. afford, spare, give. Accept, v. a. 1. Take (what is offered), Accommodation, n. 1. Advantage, RECEIVE. privilege, convenience, EASEMIENT, SUp2. Admit, assent to, agree to, accede ply of wants, provision of convento, acquiesce in. iences. 3. Estimate, regard, value. 2. Agreement, adaptation, fitness, Acceptable, a. Welcome, pleasing, suitableness, conformity. pleasant, agreeable, grateful, gratify- 3. Reconciliation, adjustment, paciing. fication, settlement. Acceptance, n. 1. Accepting, taking, Accompaniment, n. Appendage, conreception, receipt. comitant, attendant, adjunct, attach2. Favorable reception. ment. appurtenance. 3. (Com.) Accepted bill (of exchange). Accompany, v. a. Attend, escort, conAcceptation, n. Meaning, signification, voy, follow, wait on, be associated with, significance, sense, import. keep company with, go with, go along Access, n. 1. Avenue, approach, pas- with, go hand in hand with. sage, way, passage-way, way of ap- Accomplice, n. Confederate, accessary, proach. abettor, associate (in a crime), PARTI2. Admission, admittance, means of CEPS CRIMINIS, SOCIUS CRIMINIS. approach, liberty to approach. Accomplish, v. a. 1. Complete,

Page  6 ACCOMPLISHED 6 ACE achieve, effect, execute, perform, do, 2. Explain, give a reason, show the consummate, compass, carry, carry in reason, render a reason, assign the to effect, carry through, carry out, get cause, make explanation. through, bring about, work out, turn Accountability, n. Accountableness, out, turn off. responsibility, liability, obligation, bond 2. Finish, end, conclude, terminate. of duty. 3. Fulfil, realize, effectuate, bring to Accountable, a. Responsible, answerpass. able, amenable, liable. 4. Equip, furnish, supply. Accountableness, n. ACCousTABILAccomplished, a. 1. Instructed, edu- ITY. cated, practised, experienced, finished, Accountant, n. Book-keeper, expert consummate, ripe, thorough-bred, in accounts. versed, qualified, proficient, able, clev- Accoutre, v. a. [Written also Accouter.] er, apt, adroit, expert, talented, skil- Dress, equip, furnish, fit out, arm and ful. equip. 2. Polished, refined, polite, elegant, Accoutrements, n. pl. [Written also fashionable, fine. Accouterments.] Dress, equipage, equipAccomplishment, n. 1. Completion, ments, trappings, gear, TOGGERY. performance, execution, achievement, Accredit, v. a. Credit, give trust or conconsummation, fulfilment. fidence to, give credit or honor to, re2. Acquirement, attainment, profi- ceive as an envoy, receive as commisciency, stock of knowledge, mental re- sioned, empowered, or authorized. sources. Accretion, is. 1. Growth (by accessiou Accord, v. a. Grant, concede, vouch- of parts). safe, deign. 2. (iled.) Growing together. Accord, v. it. Harmonize, correspond, 3. (Law.) Gradual accumulation (of agree, tally, quadrate, be in unison, be soil, as at the mouth of a river). harmonious, square. Accrue, v. ns. Result, proceed, come, Accord, o. Agreement, ACCORDANCE. arise, issue, follow, flow, ensue, be Accordance, n. Accord, concord, agree- added, be derived, be gained, be got, ment, concurrence, concordance, con- come in. formity, conformation, harmony, uni- Accumbent, a. Leaning, reclining. son, unanimity. Accumulate, v. a. 1. Pile, amass, agAccordant, a. Agreeable, agreeing, gregate, collect, collect together, gather suitable, consonant, congruous, sym- up, pile up, heap up, bring together, phonious. heap together, scrape together. Accordingly, ad. 1. Agreeably, suit- 2. Store, garner, husband, HOARnD, ably, conformably. treasure up, garner up, lay up, lay by, 2. Consequently, as a natural conse- lay in, set by. quence, as proper to the circumstances Accumulate, v. n. Increase, grow, be or the occasion. accumulated, be heaped up. According to, By, in accordance with, Accumulation, n. Collection, pile, heap, conformably to, agreeably to. aggregation, mass. Accost, v. a. Address, salute, greet, Accuracy, n. Exactness, exactitude, speak to, MAKE UP TO. correctness, precision, niceness, nicety, Accouchement, n. [Fr.] Child-birth, truth, accurateness, fidelity. delivery, parturition, labor, travail. Accurate, is. Exact, correct, precise, Accoucheur, n. [Fr.] Man midwife, true, truthful, faithful, strict, close, obstetrician. rigorous, severe, just, nice, exquisite, Accoucheuse, n. [Fr.] Midwife. unerring. Account, n. I. Record, register, inven- Accurateness, a. ACCURACY. tory, score. Accursed, a. 1. Cursed, unsanctified, 2. Bill, charge, registry of debt and unholy. credit. 2. Detestable, execrable, hateful, 3. Reckoning, computation, calcula- abominable, odious, horrid, horrible, tion, enumeration, tale, count. damnable. 4. Description, statement, narration, Accusation, n. Crimination, impeachrecital, rehearsal, relation, narrative, ment, arraignment, indictment, charge. chronicle, history, delineation, repre- Accuse, v. a. Charge, impeach, arraign, sentation, portrayal, detail, word, ti- indict, criminate, inculpate, incrimidings, report, nate, tax, inform against, call to ac5. Consideration, regard, motive, rea- count, take to task. son, ground, sake. Accuser, n. Informer, informant, plain6. Consequence. importance, worth, tiff, prosecutor. distinction, dignity, repute, reputa- Accustom, v. a. Habituate, inure, use, tion, note. harden, familiarize, ADDICT, train, 7. Profit, advantage, benefit. discipline, drill, break in. Account, v. a. Esteem, regard, deem, Accustomed, a. Usual,habitual, wontthink, hold, consider, view, reckon, rate, ed, customary, familiar, common, freestimate, look upon. quent, regular, ordinary, every day. Account, v. it. 1. Render an account, Ace, is. 1. Single point (in cards or in answer in judgment. dice).

Page  7 ACE PHAL O US 7 ACRIMONY 2. Particle, atom, jot, iota, bit, tittle, Acquaintance, n. 1. Familiarity, fawhit, grain, scrap, mite, corpuscle, miliar knowledge. scintilla. 2. Friend (with whom one is not intiAcephalous, a. Headless. mate). Acerbity, n. 1. Roughness, astrin- Acquainted with, 1. Familiar with, gency, sourness, acidity, acidness, tart- versed in, AU FAIT at. ness. 2. A friend of (without being intimate 2. Acrimony, severity, harshness, with). sternness, asperity, bitterness, venom, Acquiesce, v. n. 1. Yield, comply, subrancor, crabbedness, churlishness, mo- mit, bow, rest, resign one's self, be roseness, sullenness, ill temper, bad reconciled, be resigned, be satisfied, blood. rest satisfied. Acetic acid, VINEGAR. 2. Assent, consent, agree, accede, Ache, n. Aching, pain, continued pain. concur, yield assent, give consent, fall Ache, v. n. 1. Be in pain, feel or suffer in, go with the stream, go with the pain. current. 2. Be painful, give pain. Acquiescence, n. 1. Compliance, subAchieve, va. a. 1. Accomplish, perform, mission, resignation. execute, do, complete, finish, compass, 2. Assent, consent, agreement, conconsummate, effect, realize, bring currence. about, bring to pass, carry through, Acquiescent, a. Complying, yielding, carry out, work out, bring to a close, submitting. bring to conclusion. Acquire, v. a. 1. Gain, obtain, achieve, 2. Obtain, acquire, procure, gain, attain, procure, earn, win, get, secure, win, get. have, make, PURCHASE, get possession Achievement, n. 1. Performance, ac- of, get into one's hands. complishment, completion, attainment, 2. Master, learn thoroughly, make realization, consummation. one's self master of. 2. Exploit, feat, deed, work. Acquirement, n. 1. Acquiring, gather3. Escutcheon, shield, ensign armo- ing, gaining, mastery. rial. 2. Accomplisllnent, attainment, acAching, n. Pain, ache, continued pain. quisition, stock of knowledge, mental Achromatic, a. Colorless, uncolored, resources. untinged, hueless, free from color. Acquisition, ln. ACQUIREMENT. Achromatism, n. Absence of color, Acquisitive, a. Acquiring, disposed to want of color. acquire. Achromatize, v. a. Deprive of color. Acquisitiveness, pn. Love of acquiring, Acicular, a. (Bot.) Aciculate, aciform, desire to acquire. needle-shaped. Acquit, v. a. Discharge (from an accuAciculate, a. (Bot.) ACICULAR. sation), clear, release, absolve, exonerAcid, a. Sour, tart, sharp, pricked. ate, exculpate, excuse, pardon, forgive, Acidity, n. Sourness, tartness, acidness, quit, set free. sharpness. Acquit one's self Act, behave, conAcidness, n. ACIDITY. duct one's self, bear one's self, demean Acidulous, a. Sourish, somewhat acid, one's self. slightly acid, subacid, somewhat sour. Acquittal, n. Discharge, release, deAciform, a. (Bot.) ACOIULAR. liverance, liberation, exoneration, clearAcinaciforln, a. (Bot.) Cimeter-shaped. ance, absolution, acquittance. Acknowledge, v. a. 1. Recognize, take Acquittance, n. 1. Discharge, ACQUITcognizance of, be aware of, hold in re- TAL. membrance. 2. Receipt, receipt in full. 2. Admit, grant, concede, allow, ac- Acrid, a. 1. Sharp, biting, pungent, cept, indorse, subscribe to, agree to. hot, burning, poignant, caustic, corro3. Confess, own,. avow, profess. sive. 4. Express gratitude for, give thanks 2. Severe, harsh, ACRIMONIOUS. for. Acridity, n. ACRIDNESS. 5. Own or admit the validity of. Acridness, n. 1. Sharpness, pungency, Acknowledgment, ai. 1. Recognition, poignancy, acridity. recognizance. 2. Severity, harshness, hardness. 2. Admission, avowal, concession, Acrimonious, a. [Rare.] 1. Corrosive, allowance, acceptance, indorsement. caustic, sharp. 3. Expression of thanks or gratitude. 2. Severe, harsh, hard, acrid, sarcasAcme, is. Summit, top, apex, zenith, tic, bitter, virulent, malignant, censopinnacle, utmost height, highest point, rious, crabbed, snarling, snappish, tesculminating point, climax. ty, pettish, petulant, cross, sour, tart, Aconite, n. Wolfsbane, monks-hood. splenetic, peevish, ill-tempered, ill-naAcquaint, v. a. 1. Familiarize, make tured. familiar. Acrimony, n. 1. Sharpness, corrosive2. Inform, apprise, tell, notify, make ness, causticity. aware, make known to, mention to, 2. Severity, harshness, sourness, tartcommunicate to, signify to, give notice ness, asperity, virulence, bitterness, to, send word to, write word to. acerbity, rancor, venom, crabbedness,

Page  8 ACROAMATIC. 8 ADAPTATION moroseness, churlishness, ill-temper, 4. Enterprise, efficiency. bad blood. Actor, no. 1. Doer, operator, agent. Acroamatic, a. Esoteric, esoterical, 2. Player, performer, comedian, traAcroamatical, j secret, private, acro- gedian, stage-player. atic. Actual, a. i. Real, veritable, true, subAcroatic, a. Esoteric, ACROAMATIC. stantial, determinate, decided, categoriAcrobat, n. Rope-dancer. cal, positive, absolute, certain, genuine, Acrospire, n. Shoot, sprout, plumule. very, not ideal, not imagined, not imAcross, prep. Athwart, over, from one aginary, not supposed or fancied, not side of to the other. fictitious, that exists in fact, DE FACTO, Act, v. n. 1. Work, move, carry any BONA FIDE. thing into effect, execute a purpose, be 2. Present, now existing, now in in action. being. 2. Behave, conduct one's self, demean Actually, ad. Really, truly, absolutely, one's self, acquit one's self. positively, verily, indeed, in fact, in 3. Operate, have influence. reality, as a matter of fact, in truth. Act, v. a. 1. Do, perform, execute, car- Actuate, v. a. Induce, impel, move, ry into execution. prompt, instigate, persuade, incite, act 2. Personate, play, simulate, enact, upon, prevail upon, work upon. play the part of, take the part of. Act upon, 1. Influence, effect, have inAct, n. 1. Deed (viewed as a single exer- fluence upon..tion of power), ACTION, performance, 2. Induce, ACTUATE.. proceeding, thing, exploit, feat, achieve- Act -lp to. Abide by, conform to, perment, turn. sist in. 2. Statute, enactmefit, ordinance, Acumen, n. Acuteness, shrewdness, edict, decree, law, bill. sagacity, astuteness, sharpness, inge3. Fact, reality, actuality, real exist- nuity, perspicacity, discernment, peneence. tration, mother-wit, quick parts. Acting, n. 1. Deed, performance, AC- Acuminate, a. (Bot.) Sharp, acute, TIOO. Acuminated, j pointed, cuspidate, 2. Personation, representation, sim- cuspidated. ulation. Acute, a. 1. Sharp, pointed, ACUBIINAction, n. 1. Activity, exercise, mo- ATED, CUSPIDATED. tion, movement, play. 2. Keen, shrewd, discerning, know2. Deed (viewed as requiring a con- ing, quick, sharp, smart, bright, sage, tisnued exertion of power), performance, sapient, sagacious, intelligent, astute, exploit, achievement, -procedure, pro- ingenious, subtle, penetrating, piercceeding, acting, turn, ACT. - ing, clear-sighted, sharp-witted, long3. Agency, operation, force, influ- headed, UP TO SNUFF. ence, instrumentality, process. 3. Severe, violent, intense, poignant, 4. Battle, engagement, conflict,'con- exquisite, pungent. test, combat, rencontre, encounter, 4. High, shrill, high-toned. skirmish, brush, affair. Acuteness, n. 1. Sharpness. 5. Gesticulation, gesture. 2. Acumen, shrewdness, penetration, 6. Subject, fable, plot, series of sagacity, sagaciousness, astuteness, events. sharpness, brightness, perspicacity, dis-;. (Law.) Suit, process, case, prose- cernment, ingenuity, mother-wit, quick cution. parts. Actinolite, n. Strahlstein, ray-stone. 3. Severity, intensity, poignancy, vioActive, a. 1. Practical, operative, liv- lence. ing, vigorous, in action, in opera- 4. Highness, shrillness. tion. Adage, n. Proverb, saying, saw, dictum, 2. Busy, diligent, assiduous, indus- aphorism, apothegm, maxim, by-word, trious, indefatigable, unremitting, la- sententious precept. borious, sedulous, notable, at work, Adamant, so. Diamond, crystallized hard at work, diligently employed, carbon. busily engaged. Adamantean, a. Adamantine, hard as 3. Alert, nimble, agile, supple, brisk, adamant, very hard. dapper, stirring, SPRY, smart, quick, Adanantine, a. 1. Made of adamant. prompt, ready, lively, sprightly, spir- 2. Adamantean, very hard, hard as ited. adamant. 4. Enterprising, energetic, strong, Adam's-needle, sn. Yucca, bear-grass, efficient, in earnest. Spanish bayonet. 5. Drastic (as medkcise), powerful, Adapt, v. a. Adjust, accommodate, efficacious. suit, proportion, qualify, prepare, fit, 6. (Grain.) Transitive. temper, fashion, match, make, conform, Activity, n. 1. Action, exercise. make conformable or suitable. 2. Alertness, agility, nimbleness, Adaptability, n. Adaptableness, suitasmartness, briskness, sprightliness, bleness, ADAPTATION. spryness. Adaptation, n. Fitness, suitableness, 3. Intensity, energy, strength, force, appropriateness, aptness, adaptability, power, vigor. accommodation, harmony.

Page  9 ADD 9 ADJUSTMENT Add, v. a. 1. Join, subjoin, annex, affix, Adherent, a. Adhering, sticking, clingappend, superadd, tag, tack. ing. 2. Sum, sum up, cast up, add to- Adherent, a. Follower, partisan, discigether. pie, sectary, retainer, votary, supporter, Add to. Increase, augment, make dependant, vassal. greater. Adhesion, n. 1. Adhering, sticking, Addenduml,?. Addition, appendix, clinging, tendency to adhere. appendage, adjunct, appurtenance, 2. Attachment, ADHERENCE.~ attacllment. Adhesive, a. 1. Sticking, clinging, Addict, v. a. Accustom (commonly in a tending to adhere. bad sense), habituate, dedicate, devote, 2. Sticky, tenacious, tough, viscous, apply (habitutally), give, give up. glutinous, smeary, dauby, stringy, ropy, Addiction, ia. [Rare.] Addictedness. gummy, clammy. Addition, n. 1. Adding. Adieu, ad. Farewell, good-by, fare-you2. Accession, increase, augmentation, well, God bless you. enlargement, extension. Adieu, ns. Farewell, valediction, leave3. Appendage, adjunct, appendix, taking. addendum. Adipose, a. Fat, fatty, unctuous, oily, Additional, a. Superadded, adsciti- sebaceous, greasy. tious, supplemental, supplementary, Adjacence, n. Nearness, vicinity, extra, more. Adjacency, I vicinage, neighborhood, Additive, a. To be added. proximity, contiguity. Addle, a. 1. Putrid, corrupt, spoiled Adjacent, a. Adjoining, conterminous, (as eggs). neighboring, near, close, bordering, 2. Barren, unfruitful, fruitless, abor- contiguous, in proximity. tive, unproductive, unprolific, unfertile, Adjective, it. [Technical ternz of the sterile, infecund, addled. gramznzmarian.] EPITHET, qualifying Addled, a. ADDLE. word or term. Addle-head, az. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE. Adjoin, v. a. Be contiguous to, lie near Addle-headed, a. Foolish, stupid, dull, to, lie close to, border upon, be adjacent doltish, brainless, shallow, soft, sappy, to. witless, blockish, weak-headed, weak- Adjoin, v. n. [Rare.] Border, lie near, minded, feeble-minded, half-witted, lie close, be contiguous, be adjacent. short-witted, shallow-brained, dull- Adjourn, v. a. 1. Postpone, defer, dewitted, thick-skulled, addle-pated. lay, procrastinate, put off. Addle-pated, a. ADDLE-HEADED. 2. Prorogue. Address, it. 1. Appeal, invocation, Adjournment, n. 1. Postponement, petition, entreaty, request, imploration, delay, putting off. application, solicitation, suit. 2. Prorogation. 2. Discourse, speech, oration, ha- Adjudge, v. a. 1. Award (jsudicially). rangue. 2. Determline, settle, decide, decree 3. Skill, art, adroitness, readiness, (by judicial authority), adjudicate. dexterity, expertness, cleverness, inge- Adjudicate, v. a. Determine, ADnuity, ability, tact, GUMPTION. JUDGE. 4. Superscription, direction. Adjudicate, v. ai. Judge, decide, deter5. Manner (in speakiing to anzother). mine, arbitrate, give judgment, pass Addresses, i. pl. Courtship, suit. judgment. Address one's self to, Direct one's Adjudication, n. Sentence, decision, speech or discourse to, speak to. determination, decree, award, arbitraAdduce, v. a. 1. Advance, offer, pre- ment. sent, allege, assign, give, bring forward. Adjunct, n. Addition, appendage, ap2. Name, cite, quote, introduce. purtenance, dependency, attachment, Adept, a. Master, proficient, genius, addendumn, something added. doctor, veteran, expert, dab, DABSTER, Adjuration, it. Entreaty (as if to one good hand, master hand, capital hand, bound by oath), solemn charge. nice hand. Adjure, a. a. Entreat (as if under oath), Adept, a. Skilled, versed, experienced, conjure, obtest, beseech, pray, supplipractised, proficient, good, at home, AU cate, beg, conjure, implore, invoke, FAIT. enjoin solemnly. Adequacy, n. Sufficiency, competence, Adjust, v. a. 1. Arrange, dispose, reccompetency, enough, adequateness. tify, trim, put or set in order, put or Adequate, a. Sufficient, commensurate, set to rights, put in tune, put in good proportionate, correspondent, equal, trim. suitable, fit, competent, adapted. 2. Regulate, set. Adequateness, n. ADEQUACY. 3. Settle, compose, reconcile, make Adhere, v. n. 1. Stick; cling, cleave, up. hold, cohere, take hold, be firmly fixed. 4. Fit, adapt, suit, proportion, ac2. Be faithful, be devoted, be at- commodate, measure, make conform, tached, stand by, be true. make conformable. Adherence, n. 1. Tenacity, fixedness. Adjustlent, n. 1. Arrangement, ad2. Attachment, constancy, fidelity, justing, putting in order, putting in devotion, adhesion. good trim, setting to rights.

Page  10 ADJUTANT 10 ADUMBRATE 2. Regulation, setting, putting right. 2. Advise, counsel, caution, forewarn, 3. Settlement, reconciliation, pacifi- enjoin. cation. 3. Instruct, inform, teach, apprise, 4. Fitting, adapting, accommodation, acquaint, notify, make acquainted, making suitable or conformable. make aware. Adjutant, ni. (EMil.) Assistant (qf a su- Admonition, on. 1. Hint of a fault, perior officer). gentle reproof. Admeasurelnent, n. Measurement. 2. Advice, counsel, caution, warning, Administer, v. a. 1. Dispense, give, monition. distribute, supply, contribute, deal out, Admonitory, a. Admonishing, monigive out. tory. 2. Direct, manage, conduct, control, Ado, n. 1. Trouble, difficulty, labor, superintend, preside over. pains. 3. Tender, offer, proffer. 2. Bustle, stir, flurry, fuss, noise, Administer, v. is. 1. Contribute, con- tumult, turmoil, pother, confusion, duce, be helpful. commotion, TO-DO. 2. (Law.) Act as administrator. Adolescence, is. Youth, juvenility, Administration, n. 1. Dispensation, minority, juniority, nonage, teens, distribution. prime of life, flower of life, bloom of 2. Management, conduct, direction, life. control, superintendence. Adolescent, a. Youthful, juvenile, 3. Executive department (of a gov- young. ernment), President (or other chief mag- Adopt, v. a. 1. Appropriate, take to istrate) and cabinet. one's self, take or select as one's own. 4. (Lawe.) Management of an estate 2. Approve, espouse, support, main(of an intestate). tain. Admirable, a. 1. [Rare.] Wonderful, 3. Affiliate, father, treat as one's surprising, striking, astonishing. own child. 2. Excellent, incomparable, inimita- Adoption, ic. 1. Appropriation. ble, fine, rare, transcendent, matchless, 2. Approval, espousal, support, mainperfect, first-rate, worthy of admira- tenance. tion. 3. Affiliation, adopting, fathering. Admiration, n. 1. [Rare.] Wonder, Adorable, a. 1. Divine, to be adored, surprise, astonishment, amazement. worthy of adoration. 2. Liking, love, high regard, high 2. Estimable, venerable, worthy of opilion. love or honor. Admire, v. a. 1. [Rare.] Wonder at, Adoration, ic. 1. Worship, devotion. be surprised at, be astonished or amazed 2. Homage, reverence, veneration. at. Adore, v. a. 1. Worship. 2. Like much, think highly of, have 2. Revere, venerate, idolize, honor, a high opinion of, prize or value highly. pay homage to. Admire, v. n. [lRare.] Wonder, marvel, Adorer, is. 1. Worshipper. be surprised or astonished. 2. Idolater, great admirer. Admirer, n. Lover, gallant, suitor, Adorn, v. a. Embellish, decorate, beausweetheart, beau, CICISBEO. tify, ornament, deck, bedeck, emblazon, Admissible, a. Permissible, allowable, gild, trim, grace,- crown, varnish, array, lawful, proper, justifiable, warrant- set out, set off, TRICK OUT. able. Adroit, a. Dexterous, expert, sikilful, Admnission, n. 1. Admittance, intro- apt, handy, ready, quick, clever, able, duction, access, entrance, initiation, masterly. ENTIBtE. Adscititious, a. Additional, supple2. Allowance, avowal, concession, mental, supplementary, superadded. acknowledgment, assent. Adulation, n. Flattery, fiummery, exAdmit, v. a. 1. Receive, grant entrance cessive praise, extravagant compliment. to, let in, take in, open the door to. Adulatory, a. Flattering, smooth, oily, 2. Concede, accept, grant, acknowl- full of compliments, servile in compliedge, own, confess, take for granted, ment. agree to, accede to, acquiesce in. Adult, a. Mature, grown up, full grown, 3. Permit, allow, bear, admit of, be of age, of mature age. capable of. Adult, n. Person of mature age, grown Admit of, Admit, permit, allow, bear, up person. be capable of. Adulterate, v. a. Debase, corrupt, Admittance, n. 1. Admission, intro- vitiate, sophisticate, alloy, dash, deduction, ENTREE. teriorate, make impure. 2. Access, means of approach, liberty Adulteration, i. Debasement, corrupto approach. tion, deterioration, sophistication. Adlnixture, n. 1. Mixture. Adulterous, a. Unchaste, rakish, dis2. Spice, dash, infusion, sprinkling, solute. touch, seasoning, smack, taste, tincture, Adultery, n. Violation of the marriagetinge. bed. Admonish, v. a. 1. Reprove (gently), Adumbrate, v. a. 1. Shadow, forecensure, warn of a fault. shadow, shadow out, shadow forth.

Page  11 ADUMBRATION 11 ADVISEDLY 2. Typify, represent, symbolize, show, 3. Event, incident, occurrence, transdenote, stand for. action, passage, contingency. Adumbration, n. 1. Shadowing forth, 4. (Goom.) Speculation. faint sketch, faint representation, in- Adventure, v. a. Hazard, venture, risk, distinct image. peril, imperil, put to hazard, put at 2. Type, image, shadow, symbol. risk, put in danger. Aduncous, a. Crooked, hooked, bent, Adventure, v. na. Dare, venture, take curved. the risk, run the risk, incur the hazard. Advance, v. a. 1. Promote, aggran- Adventurous, a. 1. Bold, daring, dize, exalt, elevate, dignify, raise to courageous, venturesome, venturous, preferment, raise to higher rank. chivalrous, doughty, enterprising. 2. Forward, further, promote, im- 2. Rash, reckless, precipitate, headprove, strengthen, make better, en- long, foolhardy, full of hazard. courage the progress of. Adversaria, a. pl. Notes, memoranda, 3. Allege, adduce, propose, offer, remarks, note-book, journal, commonassign, propound, bring forward, lay place-book. down. Adversary, ia. 1. Enemy, foe, antago4. Pay beforehand, supply before- nist, opponent, adverse party. hand, furnish on credit. 2. [With The prefixed.] DEVIL, 5. Increase (as price), enhance, aug- Satan. ment, make greater, make higher. Adverse, a. 1. Contrary, opposing, unAdvance, v. as. 1. Proceed, progress, propitious, counteracting, conflicting, make progress, make way, get forward, HEAD, not propitious. go forward, get on, go on, get along, 2. Hostile, inimical, antagonistic. come on, gain ground. 3. Unprosperous, untoward, unlucky, 2. Improve, grow, thrive, make im- unfortunate, calamitous, disastrous. provement. Adversity, s. Misfortune, calamity, Advance, a. 1. Progress, progression, affliction, trouble, suffering, woe, dismarch, way, moving forward. aster, distress, misery, ill-luck, bad 2. Improvement, growth, advance- luck, broken fortunes, hard life, frowns ment. of fortune. 3. Payment beforehand, anticipated Advert to, 1. Observe, remark, regard, payment. heed, consider, notice, mark, view, give 4. Tender, offer, proposal, proposi- heed to, take notice of, pay attention tion. to, attend to, look to, see to, give heed 5. Increase (ofprice), enhancement. to, have an eye to, give a thought to,.Advance-guard, ni. Vanguard. look after. Advancement, n. 1. Progress, pro- 2. Refer to, allude to. gression, proficiency. Advertence, i n. Attention, heed, re2. Promotion, preferment, elevation, Advertency, ] gard, observance, obexaltation, aggrandizement. servation, notice, consideration, heed3. Improvement, advance, growth. fulness, mindfulness. Advantage, in. 1. Favorable opportu- Advertise, v. a. 1. Announce, publish, nity, vantage-gromud, superior situa- declare, promulgate, trumpet, protion or condition, -best estate, best claim, make known, spread abroad, plight. noise abroad, give notice of, lay before 2. Superiority, ascendency, pre-emi- the public, bring to the notice of the nence, upper-hand. public, make proclamation of. 3. Benefit, avail, profit, gain, emolu- 2. Offer for sale. ment, return, utility, expediency, good, Advertiselment, n. Announcement, weal, service, blessing. notification, information, notice, proc4. Behalf, behoof, account-, interest. lamation, promulgation, trumpeting. 5. Privilege, prerogative, conven- Advice, n. 1. Counsel, suggestion, inience, accommodation, EASEMENT. struction, recommendation, admoniAdvantage, v. a. Benefit, profit, serve, tion, warning, caution, exhortation. help, avail, advance the interest of, be 2. Intelligence, information, notice, of advantage to. notification, tidings, word. Advantageous, a. Beneficial, profit- Advisability, is. Expediency, advisaable, helpful, useful, convenient, ser- bleness. viceable, salutary, favorable, expedient, Advisable, a. Expedient, proper, fit, good, well, for one's advantage, for prudent, desirable, fit to be advised. one's interest, for one's good. Advise, v. a. Counsel, admonish, sugAdvent, n. 1. Arrival, coming, ap- gest, recommend to, give counsel to, preach. give advice to. 2. Conling of Christ. 2. Inform, acquaint, apprise, make Adventitious, a. Accidental, inci- known to, give notice to, send word to, dental, extrinsic, extraneous, foreign, write word to. non-essential. Advise, v. n. Confer, consult, deliberate, Adventure, 1s. 1. Chance, hazard, for- take counsel, hold a conference. tuity, contingency, risk, venture, stake. Advisedly, ad. Deliberately, heedfully, 2. Hazardous enterprise, bold under- purposely, by design, with considera-. taking. tion.

Page  12 ADVISEMENT 12 AFFLICTING Advisement, n. Consultation, delibera- edness, mannerism, assumed manners, tion. affected manner. Adviser, s. Counsellor, instructor, Affected, a. 1. Assumed, feigned, unguide, director, mentor, monitor. natural, artificial, insincere, canting. Advocacy, i. Defence, vindication, sup- 2. Assuming, pretending, pretenport, countenance. tious, conceited, vain, coxcomical, Advocate, v. a. Defend, support, vin- priggish. dicate, justify, countenance, uphold, Affectedness, n. AFFECTATION. favor, plead in favor of, stand up for. Affecting, a. Moving, touching, paAdvocate, ni. 1. Counsellor, counsel, thetic, impressive. barrister, lawyer, attorney, solicitor, Affection, n. 1. Feeling, passion, incliattorney-at-law, limb of the law. nation, propensity, bent, bias, turn of 2. Defender, vindicator, supporter, mind, cast or frame of mind. favorer, apologist, friend, patron. 2. Attribute, quality, property, ac3. Intercessor, comforter, paraclete, cident, modification, mode. Holy Spirit, Spirit of Truth. 3. Love, heart, attachment, kindness, 4. [With Tte prefixed.] Christ. partiality, fondness, liking, tenderness, iEgis, n. 1. Shield, buckler. endearment, regard, good-will, tender 2. Defence, protection, safeguard. passion. Aerial, a. 1. Atmospheric. 4. (Med.) Disorder, malady, disease. 2. Aeriform, gaseous, vaporous, ethe- Affectionate, a. Loving, fond, attached, real, airy, empyreal, light. devoted, warm, tender, kind, sympa3. High, lofty. thetic, tender-hearted, warm-hearted. Aerie, n. 1. Nest (of a bird of prey). Affiance, v. a. Betroth, engage. 2. Brood (of birds of prey). Affidavit, it. Testimony (in writing, Aeriforlm, a. Gaseous, ethereal, vapor- signed and sworn to before a mnagistrate, ous, airy, aerial. but given without cross-examination), Aerolite, n. Meteoric stone. evidence, DEPOSITION. Aeronaut, t. Balloonist, aerial naviga- Affiliate, v. a. 1. Adopt, treat as one's tor. own child. Aeronautics, n. Aerostation, balloon- 2. Connect, associate, unite, join, ing. bring into close relation. Aerostation, n. AERONAUTICS. Affinity, n. 1. Relationship (by marX-sthetics, it. [Sometimes written Es- riage), KIN, CONSANGUINITY, propinthetics.] Philosophy of the fine arts, quity. theory or philosophy of taste, science 2. Resemblance, likeness, relation, of the beautiful. correlation, analogy, connection, simiAfar, ad. Far off, long way off, afar larity, similitude, parallelism, correoff, wide away, a great way off, at a dis- spondence, parity, sympathy. tance, to or from a distance. 3. (Chesm.) Attraction. Affability, n. 1. Sociability, sociable- Affirm, v. a. 1. Declare, aver, assert, ness. maintain, asseverate, avouch, vouch, 2. Courtesy, courteousness, complai- allege, say, profess, protest, pronounce, sance, condescension, civility, polite- predicate. ness, urbanity, comity, amenity, suav- 2. Confirm, ratify, approve, estabity, amiability, good manners, good lish. breeding, obliging manner. Affirn, v. n. Assert, declare, aver, say, Affable, a. 1. Conversable, communi- state, SWEAR, testify, depose, bear cative, free, unreserved, open, sociable, witness. social. Affirmable, a. Predicable. 2. Courteous, complaisant, civil, po- Affirmation, n. Assertion, declaralite, obliging, urbane, debonair, famil- tion, asseveration, word, averment, iar, easy, gracious, mild, condescend- protestation, avowal, predication, testiing, well-bred. mony, deposition. Affair, s. 1. Business, concern, matter, Affirmative, a. 1. That affirms. circumstance, question, subject. 2. INDICATIVE. 2. Event, occurrence, incident, trans- 3. (Alg.) Positive, not negative. action, proceeding, performance. Affix, v. a. Join, subjoin, annex, attach, 3. Battle, engagement, combat, con- connect, set to, unite to the end. flit, contest, encounter, rencontre, col- Affix, is. Postfix, suffix. lision, skirnmish, brush. Afflatus, n. Inspiration, supernatural Affair of honor, Duel. influence. Affect, v. a. 1. Influence, act upon, Afflict, v. a. Grieve, distress, trouble, work upon. torment, agonize, plague, pain, hurt, 2. Concern, interest, regard, relate harass, wound, exercise, grind, perseto, bear upon. cute, smite, make sorrowful. 3. Touch, move, impress, melt, sub- Afflicting, a. Grievous, painful, disdue, overcome, pierce. tressing, calamitous, disastrous, afflic4. Crave, yearn for, aspire to, aim at. tive, sad, unhappy, unfortunate, un5. Assume, feign, arrogate, put on, lucky, wretched, dire, deplorable, sore, make a show of, pretend to. woful, severe, hard, trying, hard to Affectation, n. Pretension, airs, affect- bear.

Page  13 AFFLICTION 13:AGGRAVATE Affliction, n. 1. Calamity, adversity, After-birth, n. Secundines, placenta. misfortune, disaster, visitation, stroke, After-math, n. Rowen, eddish. reverse, reverse of fortune. Aftermost, a. Hindmost. 2. Grief, sorrow, distress, woe, tribu- Afterpiece, i. Farce, low comedy. lation, trial, plague, scourge, trouble, After-thought, n. After-wit. heartache, bitterness, misery, wretched- Afterward, I ad. Subsequently, after ness, gripe, griping, broken heart, Afterwards, |later, thereafter, in the heavy heart. sequel. Afflictive, a. AFFLICTING. After-wit, s. After-thought. Affluence, a. Wealth, riches, opulence, Again, ad. Afresh, anew, once more, fortune, plenty, abundance, exuber- another time, DE NOVO. ance, ample store, ample means. Again and again, Repeatedly, often, Affluent, a. 1. Abundant, exuberant. frequently, over and over, with frequent 2. Opulent, wealthy, rich, moneyed. repetitions. Afford, v. a. 1. Supply, furnish, yield, Against, prep. 1. Opposed to, in oppoproduce. sition to, contrary to, adverse to. 2. Confer, impart, grant, bestow, 2. Facing, fronting, off, opposite to, offer, lend, give, communicate, spare. over against. 3. Bear the cost or expense of. 3. In provision for, in expectation of, Affray, n. Brawl (in a pusblic place), in preparation for, in anticipation of. quarrel, feud, squabble, wrangle, con- Against the grain, 1. Against the test, altercation, strife, row, fray, broil, fibres (of wood). fight, mtLfiSjE, tumult, disturbance, out- 2. Against the natural disposition, break, RujmPus. breach of the peace. against one's inclination. Affright, v. a. Frighten, terrify, alarm, Agalloch, s n. Lign-aloes, aloes scare, daunt, appall, dismay, fright, Agallochunl, ) wood. intimidate, startle, overawe, put in Agapae, na.p. [L.] Love-feasts. fear. Agape, ad. Wondering, gazing eagerly, Affright, a. Terror, fear, fright, alarm, staring with open mouth. dismay, consternation, panic. Agaric, a. 1. Mushroom. Affront, v. ca. 1. Insult, abuse, outrage. 2. Touchwood, spunk, punk. 2. Offend, displease, irritate, pro- Age, n. 1. Duration of existence. voke, chafe, fret, vex, annoy, pique, 2. Period, date, epoch, time. nettle, anger, gall, MIFF, give offence 3. Century, a hundred years. to, make angry. 4. Old age, decline of life, vale of Affront, s. 1. Insult, abuse, contume- years. ly, indignity, outrage, injury, wrong, 5. Maturity, mature years, years of ill-treatment, ill-turn. discretion. 2. Provocation, offence. Aged, a. 1. Old, elderly, stricken in Affusion, it. Sprinkling. years, advanced in life, with one foot Afoot, ad. 1. On foot. in the grave. 2. Preparing, forthcoming, in prepa- 2. Having lived, of the age of. ration, in course of preparation, on the Agency, n. 1. Intervention, instrucarpet, ON THE TAPIS, on the anvil. mentality, mediation, action, operaAforemlentioned, a. AFORESAID. tion, force, influence, procurement. Aforesaid, a. Said before, aforemen- 2. Charge, direction, management, tioned, before-mentioned, fore-named, superintendence, supervision. above-mentioned, above-named. Agent, ie. 1. Actor, doer, operator, perAforethought, a. Premeditated, pre- former, executor. pense. 2. Deputy, attorney, factor, repreA fortiori,. [L.] With stronger reason, sentative, substitute, proxy, go-befor a still stronger reason. tween, procurator, middleman, comAfraid, a. Fearful, haunted with fear. missioner, vicegerent. Afresh, ad. Anew, newly, again, over 3. Hand, employd. again, DE NOVO. Agglomerate, v. a. Gather in a ball or Aft, ad. (iVaut.) Abaft, astern, behind, mass, gather together, lump together, back, rearward, in the rear. heap up, pile up. After, prep. 1. Subsequent to, later than. Agglomleration, n. Conglomeration, 2. Following, behind. accumulation, lump, heap, pile, mass, 3. About, in relation to. aggregation. 4. In imitation of. Agglutinate, v. a. Unite, glue, cement, After, ad. Afterward. conglutinate. After, a. 1. Succeeding, subsequent, Agglutination, n. Cohesion, union, following, later. sticking together. 2. Hind, hinder, posterior, rear, Aggrandize, v.a. Exalt, dignify, honor, back. elevate, promote, make great, raise to After-ages, Posterity, descendants, higher rank. succeeding times, succeeding genera- Aggrandizement, n. Exaltation, eletions. vation, promotion, advancement, preAfter all, Eventually, ultimately, ferment. upon the whole, when all has been Aggravate, v. a. 1. Heighten (in evil), considered, at last, in the end. increase, make worse.

Page  14 AGGRAVATION 14 AID 2. Exaggerate, overstate, magnify. Agonize, v. a. Torment, torture, rack, 3. [Of qutestionable propriety.] Pro- distress, pain severely, put in great voke, irritate, exasperate, enrage. pain. Aggravation, n. 1. A heightening (of Agonize, v. n. Be tormented, be torsomething evil). tured, suffer great pain. 2. Exaggeration. Agony, a. ANGUISH (especially of the 3. [Of questionable propriety.] Provo- body), pang, torture, torment, distress, cation, irritation. rack. throe, severe pain, extreme sufAggregate, v. a. Amass, collect, accu- fering. mulate, pile, bring together, gather up, Agree, v. n. 1. Accord, harmonize, conpile up, heap up, scrape together, keep cur, unite, be in unison, be of one together. mind. Aggregate, a. Collected. 2. Assent, consent, accede, acquiesce, Aggregate, n. Whole, total, totality, comply, subscribe, yield assent, give gross, lump, sum, amount, body, mass, consent, fall in. gross amount, sum total. 3. Stipulate, bargain, promise, enAggregation, is. Collection, mass, pile, gage, undertake, contract, be sworn. heap, accumulation. be bound, make an agreement, plight Aggress, v. s. Make the first attack, be one's word, pass one's word, pledge the first to attack, be the aggressor. one's word, give assurance, take upon Aggression, n. Attack, assault, inva- one's self, bind one's self. sion, hostile encroachment. 4. Compromise, compound, come to Aggressive, a. Attacking, assaulting, an understanding, come to an agreeassailing, assailant, invading, offensive. ment. Aggressor, n. Assailant, assaulter, at- 5. Suit, match, tally, correspond, tacker, assailer, invader. quadrate, coincide, cohere, comport, Aggrieve, v. a. 1. Pain, grieve, afflict, conform, square. wound the feelings of. Agreeable, a. 1. Suitable, fitting, fit, 2. Wrong, injure, oppress, maltreat, proper, meet, appropriate, befitting, abuse, bear hard upon, ill treat, ill conformable, correspondent, accordant, use. concordant, consonant. Aghast, a. 1. Awe-struck, horror- 2. Pleasing, pleasant, pleasurable. struck, dismayed, horrified, appalled, grateful, gratifying, acceptable, wvelterrified, frightened, panic-stricken, come, good, goodly, delightful, charmstruck with horror. ing, delectable, delicious, dulcet, sweet, 2. Amazed, astounded, startled, as- to one's taste, to one's mind, after one's tonished, dumfoundered, thunder- fancy. struck. Agreeable to, 1. Conformable to, suitAgile, a. Lively, nimble, brisk, smart, able to, accordant with, consonant with, active, quick, ready, prompt, alert, tallying with, squaring with, consistent sprightly, lively, supple, sPRY, winged. with, that falls in with. Agility, ln. Liveliness, nimbleness, 2. Pleasing to, grateful to, gratifying briskness, smartness, activity, quick- to, acceptable to. ness, readiness, alertness, sprightli- Agreeably to, According to, conformness, suppleness. ably to, in accordance with. Agio, n. (CGon.) Premium. Agree with, 1. Chime in with, fall in Agiotage, n. (Comn.) Stock-jobbing. with. Agitate, v. a. 1. Shake, jar, toss, rock, 2. Make a bargain with, strike hands trouble (by brisk motion), convulse. with. 2. Excite, ruffle, rouse, ferment, stir Agriculture, n. Tillage, husbandry, up, work up. farming, culture, cultivation, geoponics. 3. Fluster, flurry, hurry, confuse, Agriculturist, n. Husbandman, fardisconcert. mer, tiller of the ground, cultivator of 4. Discuss, controvert, canvass, de- the soil. bate, dispute, ventilate. Aground, ad. 1. Ashore, not afloat. Agitation, n. 1. Agitating, shaking, 2. Stranded, wrecked, cast away. shake, concussion. Ague, n. 1. Chilliness, cold, chill. 2. Disturbance, jarring, commotion, 2. Intermittent fever, fever and ague. convulsion, ferment, storm, tumult, Ague-weed, n. Thoroughwort, boneset, turmoil. fever-root, Indian sage, (Eupatoriun 3. Excitement, emotion, perturba- pesfoliatumn). tion, trepidation, discomposure, dis- Ahead, ad. 1. Onward, forward, in adtraction, PUCKER, ruffle, flutter, hurry, vance, in front. tremor, fever, fret, 2. (Naut.) In opposition (said of the 4. Discussion, disputation, debate, wind), against us, in our teeth. controversy, canvassing, ventilation. Al, is. Three-toed sloth (Bradypus triAgitator, it. Incendiary, firebrand. dactylees). Ago, ad. Past, gone, since. Aid, v. a. 1. Assist, help, support, serve, Agog, a. Eager, impatient, excited, speed, second, back, befriend, prosper, wrought up, worked up, on tiptoe, with abet, co-operate with, take part with, open mouth. give support to, minister t6. A-going, ad. Abroach. 2% Succor, relieve, SPELL.

Page  15 AID 15 ALIENATE Aid, n. 1. Assistance, help, LIFT, fur- light of heart, in spirits, in good spirits, therance, co-operation, patronage, sup- of good cheer. port, helping hand, good offices. 4. Showy, gaudy, flaunting, jaunty, 2. Succor, relief. gairish, fine. 3. AIDE-DE-CAMP. 5. Windy, empty. Aide-de-camp, [Fr.] (Mil.) Aid. Aisle, n. Passage, walk.' Aider, n. Helper, assistant, coadjutor, Aitclibone, s. Edgebone, natchbone. co-operator, ally, auxiliary, abettor. Ajar, ad. Partly open (as a door). Ail, v. a. Pain, trouble, afflict, be the Ajutage, n. Spout (of a fountain). matter with. Akin, a. Kin, related, allied, kindred, Ail, v. n. Suffer, be in pain, feel pain, cognate, congenial, homogeneous, analbe ill. ogous, similar, parallel, of a piece. All, n. Disease, AILMENT. Alack, interj. Alas, lackaday. Ailing, a. Sickly, sick, ill, indisposed, Alacrity, n. 1. Readiness, promptitude, unwell, diseased, feeble, languishing, alertness, agility, activity, quickness, unhealthy. eagerness. Ailment, n. Disease, ail, illness, sick- 2. Sprightliness, gayety, cheerfulness, ness, ailing, indisposition, malady, dis- hilarity, vivacity, liveliness, high spirits, temper, disorder, complaint., good spirits. Aim, v. a. Direct, level, point. A la mode, [Fr.] a. Fashionable, in the Aim, n. 1. Direction, course, bearing,, fashion, in vogue. tendency, bent, proclivity. A la mode, [Fr.] ad. Fashionably. 2. Intention, intent, purpose, design, Alarmn, n. 1. Alarum, larum, tocsin, reason, view, object, end, scope, drift, summons to arms, alarm-bell, beat of goal, point, final cause. drum, sound of trumpet, notice of danAim at, 1. Take aim at, point at, level ger, signal of distress. at, direct towards. 2. Fear, apprehension, terror, fright, 2. Intend, purpose, design, mean. affright, consternation, dismay. 3. Crave, affect, yearn for, aspire at, Alarmn, v. a. 1. Call to arms, summon aspire after, endeavor after, be at, drive to arms. at, propose to one's self, have in view, 2. Terrify, frighten, affright, startle, have in one's eye, have an eye to, scare, daunt, appall, put in fear. strive for, attempt to reach. Alarm-bell, n. Tocsin, ALARM. Aimless, a. Purposeless, objectless, Alaruin, n. ALARM. without aim or end. Alas, interj. Alack, lackaday. Air, it. 1. Atmosphere, atmospheric air, Alate, a. (Bot. and Anat.) Winged. common air. Albeit, ad. Although, notwithstanding. 2. Gas, aeriform fluid. - Albicore, n. Bonito, horse-mackerel 3. Breeze, zephyr, gentle wind, (TIJhynpUS pelamys). breath of air. Alcolhol, it. Spirits of wine, pure spirit, 4. Weather, open air, open atmlo- highly rectified spirit. sphere. Alcove, it. Recess. 5. Appearance, aspect, mien, man- Alehoof, n. Gill, ground-ivy (Glechomza ner, look, cast, demeanor, conduct, hederacea). carriage, bearing, deportment, behav- Alert, a. 1. Watchful, vigilant, circumior, port. spect, wary, heedful, on the alert, on 6. Tune, melody. one's guard, on the watch, on the lookAir, v. a. 1. Expose to air. out. 2. Ventilate, change the air of. 2. Active, brisk, nimble, agile, smart, Air-bladder, a. Sound (of afish). lively, sprightly, spirited, supple, quick, Air-baubble, n. Bleb. sPRY, ready, prompt. Air-engine, n. Caloric engine. Alertness, n. 1. Watchfulness, vigiAiriness, n. 1. Openness, exposure to lance, circumspection, wariness. air.. 2. Activity, agility, nimbleness, 2. Gayety, levity, sprightliness, vi- briskness, smartness, sprightliness, vacity, liveliness. quickness, spryness, promptness, readiAiring, n. 1. Ride, drive, walk, prom- ness. enade, stroll, excursion. Algebra, in. Analysis (by mzeans of let2. Exposure to air, admission of air. ters and other symbols), calculus, fluxAir-pipe, n. Vent, spiracle, blow-hole, ions. air-tube. Alias, ad. Otherwise. Airs, In. pl. Affectation, pretension, Alias, it. Assumed name. mannerism, affectedness, affected man- Alien, a. 1. Foreign, not native. ner, assumed manner. 2. Estranged, differing, remote, unAir-tight, a. Hermetic, hermetical. allied, separated, unconnected. Air-tube,?. AIR-PIPE. Alien, n. Foreigner, stranger. Airy, a. 1. Unsubstantial, aerial, ethe- Alienate, v. a. 1. Abalienate, transfer, real, aeriform, thin, rare. demise, consign, assign, convey, de2. Light, subtile, sublimated. volve, make over, deliver over. 3. Sprightly, buoyant, vivacious, 2. Estrange, disaffect, wean, withwanton, volatile, jocund, jolly, jovial, draw the affections of, make unfriendlively, gay, blithe, light, light-hearted, ly.

Page  16 ALIENATION 16( ALLOWANCE Alienation, n. 1. Abalienation, trans- 2. Lane, SLUM, narrow street. fer, demise, conveyance. 3. Taw, large marble. 2. Estrangement, disaffection, vari- All-hallow, n. All-saints day, the ance, division, rupture, breach. All-hallows, j first of November. Alienation of mind, Insanity, de- All-hollow, [Colloquial.] Entirely, comrangement, lunacy, madness, frenzy, pletely, wholly, utterly, thoroughly. craziness, delirium, mania. Alliance, is. 1. Connection, relation, Alight, v. n. 1. Stop or rest (after relationship, affinity, family connlecflight). tion. 2. Dismount, descend, get down. 2. Union, combination, coalition, fedAlight from, Get off. eration, copartnership, CONFEDERACY, Alike, a. Similar, like, resembling, league, compact, federal compact. analogous, allied, equal, of a piece. Allied, a. 1. Related, alike, similar, Alike, ad. Equally, in the same manner, analogous, cognate, akin, kindred, of form, or degree. a piece. Aliment, ni. Nourishment, nutriment, 2. United, confederated, co-operatfood, sustenance, subsistence, provision, ing, in league, in co-operation. fare, diet, regimen, victuals, meat, All-knowing, a. Omniscient, all-wise, viands, cheer, pabulum, rations, FEED, all-seeing. PROVENDER, FODDER, FORAGE, PROG. All manner of ways, 1. In many Alimentary, a. Nourishing, edible, ways. esculent, nutritious. 2. In all directions, hither and Alimentation, s. Nutrition, nourish- thither. ment. Allodial, a. Independent, freehold, not Aliped, a. Wing-footed, swift of foot. feudal, free of rent or service. Alive, a. 1. Living, breathing, live, not Allodium, n. (Law.) Freehold estate. dead, in life, above ground. All one,. Indifferent, equal, just the 2. Sensitive, susceptible, with keen same, quite the same, the same. perceptions. Allonge, s. Pass, thrust, lunge, longe, 3. Active, in force, in existence. tilt, stab. 4. Cheerful, sprightly, lively, joyous. Allonge, v. n. Pass, lunge, make a pass All, a. The whole of, every one of, every or thrust. part of. Allopathic, a. Heteropathic. All, ad. Altogether, entirely, com- Allopathy, it. Heteropathy. pletely, wholly, quite. Allot, v. a. 1. Distribute, divide, All, is. Whole, total, totality, aggregate, measure, apportion, deal, dispense, every thing. parcel out, deal out, give out, mete out, All at once, Instantaneously, suddenly, portion out. in an instant, without warning. 2. Assign, appoint, grant, give. Allay, v. a. 1. Repress, restrain, check, Allotment, n. 1. Apportionment, dissubdue, lay, silence, appease, pacify, tribution, partition, dole. calm, quiet, still, lull, hush, tranquil- 2. Assignment, appointment, grant, lize, smooth. gift. 2. Assuage, alleviate, soothe, soften, 3. Share, part, portion, lot, quota, mitigate, solace, moderate, mollify, contingent. temper, attemper, lessen, abate, qual- Allow, v. a. 1. Admit, acknowledge, ify, relieve, ease, dull, blunt, palli- confess, own, concede, take for granted. ate. 2. Permit, let, authorize, grant leave All-devouring, a. Omnivorous. to, give permission to. Allegation, Ic. 1. Declaration, affirma- 3. Suffer, tolerate, endure, bear, put tion, averment. up with, bear with. 2. Excuse, plea. 4. Grant, give, yield, relinquish, Allege, v. a. 1. Declare, affirm, assert, spare. aver, predicate, profess, asseverate, 5. Approve, sanction, justify. maintain, say. 6. Remit, abate, bate, deduct. 2. Adduce, assign, advance, plead, Allow, v. n. Make allowance or proproduce, cite, quote, bring forward, lay vision. down. Allowable, a. Permissible, admissible, Allegiance, ns. Fealty, fidelity, loyalty. lawful, proper, justifiable, warrantable. Allegorical, a. Figurative, typical. Allowance, I. 1. Permission, leave, Allegory, ii. Fable (in which cwhat is license, permit, authorization, connistated as a fact is figuratively applied), vance, sanction, authority, approbaPARABLE, APOLOGUE, story, tale, tion, sufferance. myth. 2. Admission, acknowledgment, conAlleviate, v. a. Lighten, mitigate, as- cession, assent. suage, moderate, soothe, soften, mollify, 3. Stipend, salary, pay, hire, wages, allay, quiet, still, quell, abate, lessen, remuneration, recompense, commission, diminish, relieve, palliate, ease, dull, EXHIIBITION, PITTANCE. blunt. 4. Qualification, modification, extenAlleviation, n. Mitigation, palliation, uation, limitation, exception. relief. 5. Ration, stated quantity (of food or Alley, I. 1. Walk, passage. drink).

Page  17 ALLOWANCE 17 ALWAYS Allowance, v. a. Put upon allowance, Along,prep. By or over. limit in the supply of food. Along-side, ad. (Naut.) By the side Alloy, n. 1. Combination (of metals) by of, side by side. fusion. Aloud, ad. Loudly, at the top of one's 2. Baser metal (mixed with finer). voice. 3. Baser element or ingredient. Alpine, a. Mountainous, high, elevated. All-powerful, a. Almighty, omnipo- Already, ad. 1. Even now. tent, all-sufficient. 2. Before that time. All-saints day, n. All-hallow, the first Also, ad. Likewise, too, besides, fuitof November. thermore, moreover, in addition, in All-seeing, a. All-knowing, omniscient, like manner. all-wise. Altar, n. 1. Sacrificial structure. Allspice, n. Pimento, Jamaica pep- 2. Shrine, sacred place, place of worper. ship. All-sufficient, a. Almighty, all-power- 3. Communion-table. ful. Alter, v. a. Change (partially), vary, All the better, So much the better. modify, shift, turn, transmute, metaAllude to, intimate, suggest, insin- morphose, transform, convert, make uate, hint, imply, refer to, glance at, some change in. make allusion to. Alter, v. a. Vary, change, be changeAllure, v. a. Entice, tempt, seduce, able. decoy, lead, solicit, invite, attract, Alterable, a. Changeable, variable,.troll, lure, drib, engage, persuade, en- mutable. snare, coax, inveigle, TWEEDLE, toll, Alterant, n. (Med.) Alterative. over-persuade, prevail upon, draw on, Alteration, a. Change, variation, mubring over, win over. tation, vicissitude, modification, deviaAllurement, n. 1. Enticement, temp- tion, variance, turn. tation, seduction, seducement, solicita- Alterative, n. (Med.) Alterant. tion, attraction, witchery. Altercation, n. Dispute, controversy, 2. Lure, decoy, bait. contention, strife, difference, jangling, Allusion, n. Reference, hint, intima- jangle, jarring,- rupture, quarrel, spartion, indirect mention. ring, bickering, wrangle, wrangling, ~Alusive, a. Hinting, suggestive, em- dissension, war of words. blematic, typical, symbolical, figura- Alternate, a. 1. Reciprocal, one after tive.:another (by turns). Allusively, ad. By implication, by in- 2. (Bot.) On different sides succesdirect reference, by way of allusion. sively. Alluvium, n. Sediment, deposit, silt. Alternate, v. ne. Reciprocate, act interAlluvial land, Dale, valley, bottom. changeably. All-wise, a. Omniscient, all-knowing, Alternate, v. a. Perform reciprocally all-seeing. or by turns. Ally, v. a. 1. Unite, join, league, con- Alternation, a. Reciprocation, interfederate, connect, combine. change. 2. Make similar, make analogous. Alternative, n. Choice (between two Ally, n. 1. Coadjutor, co-operator, as- things). sistant, helper, aider, auxiliary, asso- Although, conj. Though, albeit, notciate, friend, colleague, partner. withstanding, grant that, for all that, 2. Abettor, confederate, accomplice, be it so, even if. accessary. Altitude, a. Height, elevation. Almanac, n. Calendar, ephemeris, reg- Alto, n. (Mus.) Counter, counter-tenor. ister of the year. Altogether, ad. 1. Wholly, completeAlmighty, a. Omnipotent, all-powerful, ly, entirely, totally, utterly, thoroughly, all-sufficient. throughout, fully, perfectly, IN TOTO, Almighty, a. [With The prefixed.] out and out, to the full. GOD. 2. Conjointly, in a body, in a mass, Almonds, n. ptl. Tonsils. EN MASSE. Almost, ad. Nearly, toward, towards, Alumina, n. Oxide of aluminum, arwell-nigh, all but, for the most part, gillaceous earth, argil. not quite, within a little. Aluminous, a. Clayey, argillaceous. Alms, n. Charity, benefaction, gift, Al-umnus, n. [L. pl. Alumni.] Disciple, charitable donation, eleemosynary aid. pupil, foster-child. Almshouse, n. Poorhouse. Alveary, n. Beehive. Aloft, ad. Above3 overhead, on high. Alveolate, a. Cellular, favose, honeyAlone, a. 1. Single, solitary, only, lone, combed. lonely, isolated, unaccompanied, by Alveole, n. Socket, cell, cavity, alveone's self, by itself, without company, olus. without another. Alveolus, n. [L.] ALVEOLE. 2. Of one's self, of one's own power, Always, ad. Ever, evermore, perpetuwithout help. ally, continually, eternally, unceasingAlong, ad. 1. Lengthwise, longitudi- ly, everlastingly, for ever, AYE, FOR nally, in a line. AYE, at all times, to the end of time, 2. Onward, forward. through all ages. 2

Page  18 AMIAD OU 18 AMICABLENESS Amadou, n. Punk, spunk, German Ambitious of, Eager for, emulous of, tinder. very desirous of. Amain, ad. 1. Violently, forcibly, with Amble, v. n. Pace, move or go at an force. with might and main. easy pace. 2. (Naut.) Suddenly, all at once. Amble, n. Pacing, pace. Amalgamate, v. a. 1. Combine with Ambrosial, a. 1. Delicious, luscious, mercury. savory, palatable, nice. 2. Mix, commix, commingle, unite, 2. Fragrant, balmy, odorous, arocombine, blend, incorporate, compound. matic, odoriferous, sweet-scented. Amalgamation, n. 1. Combination, Ambulatory, a. Walking, moving. with mercury. Ambuscade, n. Ambush, I cover, re2. Mixture, combination, compound, treat, hiding-place, lurking-place. commixture. Ambush, n. AMBUSCADE. 3. MISCEGENATION. Ameliorate, v. a. Improve, amend, Amanuensis, n. Scribe, copyist, tran- mend, emend, better, meliorate, make scriber, writer. better. Amaranthine, a. Unfading, imperish- Amelioration, a. Improvement, amendable, undecaying, undying, immortal, ment, melioration, bettering. perennial, ever-blooming, ever-vernal. Amen, ad. So be it, be it so, let it be so. Amass, v. a. Accumulate, gather, ag- Amenability, n. Accountability, liagregate, pile up, heap up, scrape to- bility, responsibility, answerableness, gether, collect together, rake up, gather amenableness. into a heap or pile. Amenable, a. Accountable, liable, reAmateur, X. Virtuoso, CONNOISSEUR, sponsible, answerable. DII1ETAlTE, critic, man of taste. Amenableness, n. AMENABILITY. Amatory, a. Amorous, erotic, tender, Amend, v. a. Improve, mend, emend, passionate, Anacreontic. correct, rectify, reform, AMELIORATE. Amaurosis, n. (Med.) Drop serene, Amend, v. n. Improve, mend, become GUTTA SEREiNA. better. Amaze, v. a. Astonish, astound, con- Amende honorable, [Fr.] Apology found, stagger, stupefy, dumfound, (for improper treatment or language), dumfounder, surprise, take by surprise, reparation. strike with wonder, strike with aston- Amendment, n. 1. Improvement, ishment, petrify with wonder. emendation, reformation, change for Amazement, n. Astonishment, won- the better. der, surprise. 2. Correction, alteration. Amazing, a. Astonishing, astounding, Amends, n. Compensation (for loss or stupendous, wonderful, surprising, injury), recompense, indemnification, marvellous, miraculous, strange, very indemnity, reparation, restitution, reextraordinary. dress, atonement, satisfaction. Amazon, n. Virago. Amenity, n. 1. Pleasantness, agreeAmabages, n. pi. 1. Windings, turnings. ableness. 2. Circumlocution, periphrasis, ver- 2. Suavity, affability, gentleness, bosity, verbiage, wordiness, diffuseness, civility, comity, courtesy, politeness, circuit of words. urbanity, complaisance, amiability, Ambassador, in. Minister (of the high- obliging manner, good manners, good est ranz), plenipotentiary, envoy, legate, breeding. deputy. Ament, n. Catkin, AMENTUIM. Ambassadors, n. pl. Embassy, lega- Amentum, n. [L.] (Bot.) AMENT. tion. Amerce, v. a. Fine, mulct, impose a Ambient, a. Surrounding, encompass- fine upon. ing, encircling, circling, circumjacent, AmLercement, a. Fine, mulct, forfeitcircumambient. ure, pecuniary penalty. Ambiguity, n. 1. Doubtfulness, du- Amiability, n. Loveliness, benignity, biousness, doubt, uncertainty or equiv- kindliness, kindness, amiableness, beocalness (as respects the meaning of a nignity, amenity, kind-heartedness, felsingle term), AMPHIBOLOGY, indefinite- low-feeling, good feeling, good humor, ness, vagueness, obscurity. good temper, sweet temper, sweetness 2. Clinch, pun, ambiguous expres- of disposition. sion, double meaning. Amiable, a. Lovable, lovely, sweet, Ambiguous, a. Doubtful, dubious, un- engaging, charming, winning, facile, certain or equivocal, enigmatical, in- benignant, benign, sweet-tempered, definite, indistinct, vague, indetermi- kind-hearted, tender-hearted, worthy nate, not plain, not clear, susceptible of love. of more than one meaning. Amiableness, n. Amiability. Ambition, n. 1. Desire of superiority, Amianth, n. AMIANTHUS. desire of distinction. Amianthus, n. Amianth, eauth-flax 2. Longing, yearning, aspiration. (species of asbestos). Ambitious, a. 1. Aspiring, eager for Amicable, a. Friendly brotherly, frasuperiority, eager for distinction or ternal, harmonious, cordial, neighborly, fame. peaceable, kind. 2. Showy, pretentious. Amicableness, n. Amity, friendliness,

Page  19 AMID 19 ANCIENT friendship, cordiality, fraternal or 2. Deceive (by inspiring false hopes), friendly feeling, good understanding, delude, cheat, inveigle, mislead, impose good-will. upon. Amnid, I ad. AMONG (without beingpart Amusement, n. Entertainment, diverAmidst, J of), amongst, in the midst sion, sport, DISPORT, play, fun, frolic, of, in the middle of, surrounded by. recreation, relaxation, pastime, game. Amidships, ad. (NVaut.) Midships. Amusing, a. Entertaining, diverting, Amiss, ad. Wrong, wrongly, improp- laughable, ridiculous, comical, funny,. erly, faultily, erroneously.'farcical, risible. Amiss, a. Wrong, improper, faulty, An, art. 1. One, any, some. erroneous. 2. Each, every. Amity, n. Friendliness, AMICABLENESS. Anachronism, n. Misdate. Ammonia, n. Volatile alkali, ammo- Anacreontic, a. Amatory, amorous, niacal gas. erotic.. Ammonite, n. Snake-stone. Ansesthesia, n. (Med.) Insensibility Amlmunition, a. 1. Munition, military Anuesthesis, (as that produced by the stores. inhalation of sulphuric ether, chloro2. Powder and shot. form, &c.). Amnesty, a. Forgiveness (granted to Analects, n. pl. Selections, selected whole classes of persons), general par- pieces, select pieces, collection of literdon (by proclamation), act of oblivion, ary fragments. freedom from penalty. Analeptic, a. Restorative, strengthenAlmongs,~og, t ad. AMID (while ma7cing ing, invigorating, comforting. Amongst, j part of), amidst, in the Analeptic, n. Restorative. midst of, mixed or mingled with. Analogous, a. Similar (in relations or Amorous, a. 1. Loving, fond, enamored. uses), resembling, alike, like, cognate, 2. Amatory, erotic, tender, passion- parallel, corresponding, allied, of a ate, Anacreontic. piece. Amorphous, a. Irregular, shapeless, Analogy, n. Similarity (in relations or formless, unshapen. uses), resemblance, likeness, paralllAmount, a. 1. Aggregate, sum total. ism, similitude, parity, correspondence. 2. Effect, substance, purport, result. Analysis, n. 1. Resolution, decomposiAmount to, Come to, be in the aggre- tion, dissection, separation (of elements). gate, be in the whole. 2. Algebra, fluxions, calculus. 2. Be equivalent to. 3. Parsing. Amour, n. Affair of gallantry, love Analyze, v. a. Decompose, decompound, intrigue, love affair. dissect, resolve. Amphibology, n. Doubtfulness, uncer- Anarchist it. Jacobin, turbulent demtainty or equivocalness (as respects the agogue. meaning of a sentence), AMBIGUITY, Anarchy, n. Disorder, misrule, confuindefiniteness. sion, want of government. Ample, a. 1. Large, great, capacious, Anastomnose, v. n. (Bot. and Anat.) Inwide, extended, extensive, spacious, osculate, unite at the end. broad, roomy. Anastormosis, n. (Bot. and Anat.) In2. Plentiful, plenteous, abundant, osculation. abounding overflowing, copious, full, Anathema, a. Curse, malediction, deliberal, rich, exuberant, luxurious, lav- nunciation, imprecation, fulmination, ish, bountiful, handsome. ban, execration, proscription, excom3. Diffusive, unrestricted, not con- munication. tracted. Anathematize, v. a. Curse, denounce, Amplification, n. 1. Enlargement,ex- execrate, excommunicate. tension, dilation, expansion, develop- Anatomize, v. a. 1. Dissect. ment. 2. Scrutinize, analyze, sift, probe, 2. Diffuseness, prolixity, diffuse nar- examine, lay open. rative, copious discourse. Anatomy, il. 1. Dissection. Amplifly, v. a. 1. Enlarge, extend, aug- 2. Science of bodily structure. ment, magnify, dilate, expand, develop. Ancestor, a. Forefather, progenitor, 2. Make copious or diffuse. father. Amplitude, n. 1. Bulk, size, bulkiness, Ancestral, a. Hereditary, patrimonial. largeness, bigness, greatness, volume, Ancestry, n. 1. Lineage, family, race,, dimensions, mass. house line of ancestors. 2. Range, reach, sweep, compass, ex- 2. Pedigree, stock, genealogy, detent. scent. 3. (Astron.) Angular distance (from Anchorage, n. Roadstead, road, port, the east or the west point). resting-place. Amputate, v. a. Sever, separate, cut Anchoret, n. Hermit, ANCHORITE. Off. Anchor-ice, si. Ground-ice. Amulet, n. Talisman, charm, phylac- Anchorite, n. Hermit, recluse, solitary, tery, protection, safeguard. SOLITAIRE, anchoret, EREMITE. Amuse, v. a. 1. Entertain, divert, Ancient, a. 1. Old, primitive, pristine, please, cheer, enliven, solace, beguile, OLDEN of old time, not modern. relax, disport. 2. Of great age, of long duration.

Page  20 ANCIENTLY 20 ANNOTATION 3. Antiquated, antique, archaic, ob- Animadvert upon, Censure, disapsolete, by-gone, old-fashioned, out of prove, find fault with, object to, take fashion, out of date, gone by. exception to, protest against, criticise Anciently, ad. Formerly, of old in the severely. olden time, in ancient times, in days of Animal, n. 1. Creature, living being, yore, long ago, a long while ago, in days created being. long gone. 2. BEAST, BRUTE, irrational creatAncillary, a. 1. Helping, helpful, ure, dumb creature, beast of the field, auxiliary, instrumental. fowl of the air, denizen of the deep. 2. Subservient, subordinate. Animalcula, n. pl. [L.] Animalcules, Anecdote, n. Story (of private life), hbio- microscopic animals. graphical incident. Animalcule,?n. Microscopic animal, Anemone, n. Wind-flower. very minute animal. Anemoscope, a. Weathercock, vane. Animal magnetism, Mesmerism. Anew, ad. Newly, afresh, again, over Animal spirits, 1. Nervous fluid. again, DE NOVO. 2. tnergy, vigor, life, spirit, spiritedAnfractuouls, a. Winding, meandering, ness, ANIMATION. crooked, serpentine. Animate, v. a. 1. Quicken, inform, Angel, n. Spirit, supernatural being. make alive, give life to, vivify. Angel, a. [Poetical.] Angelic. 2. Invigorate, fortify, revive, give Angel-fish, n. Monk-fish (Squatina an- vigor or energy to. gelus). 3. Stimulate, waken, rouse, whet, Angelic, a. Seraphic, cherubic, incite, impel, excite, fire, heat, urge, Angelical,) heavenly, celestial, AN- provoke, warm, goad, kindle, prompt, GEL. work up, set on. Anger, n. Wrath, rage, fury, resent- 4. Encourage, inspire, inspirit, emment, indignation, exasperation, choler, bolden, enhearten, hearten, exhilarate, bile, spleen, TEMPER, dudgeon, passion, gladden, elate, elevate, flush, ERECT. displeasure, vexation, irritation, of- Animated, a. Lively, vigorous, sprightfence. ly, vivacious, buoyant, spirited, jocund, Anger, v. a. Irritate, provoke, exas- blithe, gay, elated, full of life, full of perate, chafe, vex, nettle, incense, en- spirit. rage, inflame, madden, infuriate, make Animating, a. Cheering, inspiring, enangry. livening, encouraging, spirit-stirring, Angle, n. 1. (Geomn.) Difference of di- heart-stirring. rection (of two lines). Animation, n. 1. Life, existence, vital2. Corneri bend, elbow, knee, crotch, ity, breath, vital power, vital spark, cusp, point (where two lines meet). breath of life. Angle, v. ai. Fish (with a rod), BOB. 2. Liveliness, spirit, spiritedness, viAngle for, Fish for, scheme for, plot vacity, sprightliness, buoyancy, elasfor, try to get by artifice. ticity, airiness, vigor, ardor, force, Angler,?n. Fisherman, fisher. strength, energy, exhilaration, cheerAnglican, a. English (said of the fulness, gayety, cheer, animal spirits, Clhurch). high spirits, good spirits. Anglice, ad. [L.] In English. Animosity, n. Malignity, virulence, Anglicisnl, a. English idiom. bitterness, rancor, hostility, hatred, Anglicize, v. a. Give an English form hate, enmity, grudge, rankling, spleen, to, introduce into English. ill-will, heart-burning. Angling, a. Fishing (with a rod). Annals, a. pi. Records (in the order qf Angry, a. Provoked, exasperated, irri- years), chronicles, registers, rolls, artated, incensed, piqued, indignant, chives, historical accounts. moody, sulky, STUFFY, irate, ireful, Anneal, v. a. Temper (as glass, by slow wroth, wrathful, storming, infuriate, cooling). mad, in a passion, out of humor, out Annex, v. a. 1. Affix, attach, subjoin, of temper, out of tune. add, superadd, append, tag, tack. Anguilliform, a. Eel-shaped. 2. Join, unite, connect. Anguish, n. Agony (especially of the Annexation, n. 1. Affixing, attaching, mind), torment, torture, rack, pang, adding, appending. severe pain, extreme suffering, acute 2. Junction, joining, connection, condistress. junction,'union. Angular, a. Pointed, with angles, with Annihilate, v. a. Destroy, extinguish, corners. quench, kill, exterminate, raze, blast, Angular distance, Apparent distance, ruin, nullify, annul, put an end to. distance as measured by an angle. Anniversary, a. Yearly (in the sense of Anile, a. Aged, imbecile, senile, doting, ret urning with the year), annual. decrepit, superannuated, old-womanish. Anno Domini, [L.] In the year of Anility, n. Imbecility, dotage, senility, our Lord. decrepitude, superannuation, weak- Annotate, v. n. Comment, make notes, ness. make comments or remarks. Animadversion, n. Reproof, stricture, Annotation, n. Note, comment, comcensure, blame, condemnation, repro- mentary, remark, observation, gloss, bation, reprehension, severe criticism. scholiunm, explanation.

Page  21 ANNOUNCE 21 ANTICIPATE Announce, v. a. Publish, proclaim, 3. Satisfy, fulfil, be suitable to, be advertise, communicate, promulgate, sufficient for. declare, report, trumpet, placard, Answer, n. 1. Reply, response, REENOUNCE, enunciate, blaze abroad. JOINDER, replication. spread abroad, give notice of, make 2. Refutation, defence. proclamation of, lay before the public, Answerable, a. 1. Refutable, that bring to the notice of the public. may be answered. Announcement, a. Advertisement, 2. Accountable, responsible, amenanotice, notification, proclamation, de- ble, liable. claration, promulgation, annunciation, 3. Corresponding, correspondent, corpronunciamento, manifesto. relative, proportionate, suitable, suited, Annoy, v. a. Molest, trouble, vex, tease, fit. plague, worry, harry, irritate, badger, Ant, a. Pismire, emmet. harass, fret, gall, chafe, hector, bore, Antagonism, a. Opposition, contrarieincommode, offend, disturb, disquiet, ty, repugnance, contradiction, clashpester, bother, infest, embarrass, pain, ing. wound. Antagonist, a. Opponent, adversary, Annoyance, a. Trouble, vexation, mo- rival, competitor, enemy, foe, adverse lestation, discomfort, plague, nuisance, party. bore, torment, curse, infliction, abomi- Antagonistic, a. Opposing, adverse, nation, scourge, thorn, bitter pill, gall opposite, hostile, inimical. and wormwood. Antecedence, a. Priority (in time), anAnnual, a. Yearly, ANNIVERSARY. teriority, precedence. Annually, ad. Yearly, by the year, Antecedent, a. Preceding, precedent, year by year, PER ANNUM. previous, prior, anterior, foregoing, Annul, v. a. Cancel, abrogate, repeal, precursory, forerunning, going before. revoke, recall, recant, countermand, Antecedent, n. 1. Precursor, forerunreverse, rescind, abolish, disannul, va- ner. cate, quash, nullify, supersede, invali- 2. (Math.) First term (of a ratio). date, overrule, make void, set aside. 3. (Gram.) Preceding noun (to which Annular, a. Ring-shaped. a relative refers). Anniulet, n. 1. Little ring. 4. (Logic.) First proposition (in an 2. (Arch.) Fillet, listel, list. enthymeme). Annulling, n. ANNULMENT. Antecedents, n. pl. [;lModern.] PreAnnulment, n. Annulling, nullifica- vious history (of an individual), pretion', abrogation, repeal, rescission, can- vious course, incidents of one's past celling, revocation, abolition. life. Annunciation, B. ANNOUNCEMENT. Antedate, v. a. 1. Date before the true Anodyne, n. Opiate, sedative, narcotic. time. Anoint, v. a. 1. Smear, rub over with 2. Anticipate, forestall, foretaste. oil or unctuous matter. Antepast, n. Foretaste, ANTICIPATION, 2. Consecrate by unction. prelibation, forestalling, presentiment. Anomalistic, a. ANOMALOUS. Anterior, a. 1. Preceding, prior, preAnomalous, a. Irregular, abnormal, vious, antecedent, foregoing, going beanomalistic, unconformable, preter- fore. natural, unnatural, unusual, singular, 2. Fore, front, in front. peculiar, exceptional, aberrant, eccen- Anteriority, it. Priority (in tinze), pretric, erratic, monstrous, out of the cedence, antecedence. way. Ante-room, n. Vestibule, lobby, hall. Anomaly, n. Irregularity, abnormity, Anthelmintic, n. Vermifuge, helminsingularity, peculiarity, unconformity, thagogue. eccentricity, monstrosity. Anthem, n. Hymn, divine song. Anon, ad. Soon, quickly, shortly, im- Anthology, n. Selections (from authors), mediately, in a short time, ere long. beauties, elegant extracts. Anonymous, a. Nameless, without the Anthracite, n. Blind-coal, glance-coal, name of the author. stone-coal, hard-coal. Another, a. 1. Some other, any other, Anthropophagi, n. pl. Cannibals, not the same. man-eaters. 2. One more. Antic, a. Odd, fantastic, grotesque, Answer, v. a. 1. REPLY (especially to a wild, ridiculous. questions), REJOIN, respond, say in re- Antic, n. 1. Prank, trick, freak, gamply, make answer. bol, caper, vagary. 2. Be accountable, be responsible or 2. Buffoon, fool, merry-andrew, scarliable. amouch, mountebank, harlequin, 3. Correspond, be like, be similar. punch, clown, zany, jester, jack-pud4. Do, pass, serve, be sufficient, be ding, pickle-herring. enough, do well enough, pass muster, Anticipate, v. a. 1. Go before, get the be of use. start of. Answer, v. a. 1. Reply to, respond to, 2. Take up beforehand, consider in. make answer to. advance. 2. Refute, meet by argument or ex- 3. Foretaste, forestall, antedate. planation. 4. Expect, forecast, foresee, look for

Page  22 ANTICIPATION 22 APPAREL ward to, count upon, reckon upon, cal- cold-blooded, without sensibility, desticulate upon, prepare one's self for. tute of feeling. Anticipation, n. 1. Expectation, ex- Apathy, n. Insensibility, impassibility, pectance, contemplation, prospect, hope, dispassion, dulness, torpor, coldness, trust, ABEYANCE. ~ phlegm, indifference, unconcern, un2. Foretaste, prelibation, antepast, feelingness, stoicism want of feeling. presentiment, forestalling, foreseeing, Ape, n. Monkey (without a tail). foresight, prescience, prevision, fore- Ape, v. a. Mimic, imitate, mock, counthought, forecast, preconception. terfeit, take off. Anticlimax, n. Bathos. Aperient, a. (Med.) Laxative, deobstruAntidote, a. i. Counterpoison, anti- ent, loosening. poison, counteractive, corrective. Aperient, n. (Med.) Laxative, laxative 2. Remedy, cure, specific, restorative. medicine. Antifebrile, a. Febrifugal. Aperture, it. Opening, hole, perforaAntifebrile, n. Febrifuge. tion, LOOP-HOLE, passage, eye, eyelet, Antipathy, n. Repugnance (natural or hollow, cavity. constitutional), disgust, abhorrence, de- Apex, n. Top, summit, acme, zenith, testation, hatred, hate, loathing, aver- pinnacle, highest point, culminating sion, horror. point, utmost height. Antipodal, a. Opposite, over against, Aphis, n. [pl. Ap7hides.] Plant-louse, diametrically opposite. vine-fretter, puceron. Anti-poison, n. ANTIDOTE. Aphorism, n. Maxim, adage, proverb, Antiquarian, a. Antiquary, archteo- saying, dictum, saw, apothegm, bylogian,.archaeologist. word, sententious precept. Antiquarian, a. Archoeological. Apiary, n. Bee-house, beehive. Antiquary, n. ANTIQUARIAN. Apiece, ad. Severally, one by one, for Antiquated, a. Obsolete, unfashion- each. able, antique, by-gone, archaic, ancient, Apish, a. 1. Imitative (in a servile grown old, out of use, out of fashion, manner), mimicking. out of date, old-fashioned, gone by. 2. Affected, foppish, trifling. Antique, a. Old, ancient, ANTIQUATAD. Apocalypse, a. Revelation, prophecy Antique, n. Ancient rarity, piece of of St. John. ancient art. Apocryphal, a. Unauthentic, legendAntiquity, n. 1. Old times, the olden ary, uncanonical, of doubtful autime, ancient times, days of yore, AULD thority. LANG SYNE. Apollyon, a. Satan, arch-fiend, Devil. 2. Ancients, people of old times. Apologetical, a. Excusatory, exculpa3. Ancientness, great age. tory. 4. [pl.] Relics of old times, Apologist, n. Defender, vindicator, supAntispasmodic, a. CarminaBive, good porter, advocate. for cramp or spasms. Apologize, v. a. Make an apology, offer, Antithesis, n. (Rhet.) Contrast, opposi- an excuse, plead in defence or extenuation. tion. Antithetic, a. Contrasted, placed Apologue, n. Fable (fobunzced on the Antithetical, I in contrast. supposed acti" of brutes or of inaniAnxiety, ai. Solicitude, concern, care, mate things), PARABLE, ALLEGORY, uneasiness, disquiet, apprehension, fear, tale, story. misgiving, perplexity, worry, vexation, Apology, n. 1. Defence, vindication, trouble, pain, disquietude. justification. Anxious, a. Solicitous, uneasy, rest- 2. Excuse, plea, explanation, extenless, unquiet, apprehensive, CAREFUL, uation, reparation, AIENDE HONORAgreatly concerned. BLE. Any, a. 1. A single one (of many), any Apostasy, n. Defection, desertion, backone. sliding, dereliction, fall. 2. Some (indefinitely). Apostate, a. Renegade, backslider, deAny, ad. Somewhat, at all, in any de- serter, turncoat. gree. Apostate, a. Treacherous, false, faithAnyhow, ad. In any manner, in any less, untrue, recreant, backsliding. way, in any case. Apostle, n. Messenger, missionary. Apace, ad. Quickly, speedily, swiftly, Apostolic see, Church of Rome. rapidly, hastily, post-haste, with speed, Apothegm, n. Maxim, adage, saying, with quick pace. dictum, saw, proverb, aphorism, byApart, ad. 1. Separately, aloof, aside, word, sententious precept. by one's self, by itself. Apotheosis, a. Deification. 2. Asunder, into two parts. Appall, v. a. Terrify, frighten, affright, Apartment, n. Room, chamber, hall. dismay, daunt, scare, intimidate, shock, Apathetic, a. Unfeeling, passionless, put in great fear, strike with terror, impassible, impassive, Platonic, stoical, petrify with fear. unimpressible, unsusceptible, insensi- Apparatus, i. Tools, instruments, utenble, senseless, soulless, phlegmatic, dull, sils, means. obtuse, cold, sluggish, torpid, tame, Apparel, n. Clothes, clothing, dress, lukewarm, indifferent, callous, dead, raiment, attire, ARRAY, costume, toilet,

Page  23 APPAREL 23 APPLY habit, habiliments, garb, gear, gar- Appellation, n. Name, title, epithet, ments, vestments, outfit, accoutre- cognomen, denomination, style, dement, equipment, suit, rigging, trap- scription, designation, descriptive term. pings, TOGGEIRY, wardrobe. Append, v. a. 1. Hang or attachApparel, v. a. Dress, clothe, attire, 2. Add, subjoin, join, annex, affix, array, robe, rig, accoutre, equip, fit out, superadd, tag, tack. TRICK OUT. Appendage, n. Concomitant, attendApparent, a. 1. Visible, discernible, ant, accompaniment, adjunct, attachperceptible, open, external, in view, in ment, appurtenance, appendix, tailsight, to be seen. piece. 2. Manifest, obvious, patent, clear, Appendant, a. Annexed, attached, conevident, indubitable, plain, conspicu- comitant, hanging. ous, legible, unmistakable, in plain Appendix, n. 1. Adjunct, addition, sight. appurtenance, appendage, addendum. 3. Seeming, specious, ostensible, not 2. Supplement. real. Appertain to, 1. Belong to, pertain to, Apparently, ad. 1. Evidently, obvi- be incident to. ously, clearly, manifestly, plainly. 2. Regard, concern, touch, relate to, 2. Seemingly, ostensibly, QUASI, on refer to, bear upon. appearance, at the first blush, in sem- Appetence, a n. 1. Appetite, strong blance, in show. Appetency, I desire. Apparition, n. Ghost, spectre, phan- 2. Tendency, inclination, leaning, tom, phantasm, spirit, sprite, hobgob- bent, disposition, propensity, fondness, lin, shade, chimera, illusion, WRAITH:, liking, PENCHIANT. vision, preternatural appearance. Appetite, n. 1. Desire, longing, cravAppeal, v. n. 1. (Law.) Refer the case ing, relish, hankering, pruriency, appeor cause (from one court to another). tency, passion. 2. Refer to another (in any contro- 2. Hunger, stomach, desire of food. versy). Appetizer, n. Zest, relish. Appeal, v. a. 1. [Rare.] Summon, Appetizing, a. That whets the appetite. challenge. Applaud, v. a. 1. Cheer, clap. 2. (Law.) Refer, transfer by appeal 2. Praise, commend, laud, approve, (from one court to another). compliment, extol, magnify, cry up. Appeal, n. 1. Address, invocation, Applause, a. Acclamation, acclaim, petition, request, entreaty, imploration, plaudit, eclat, clapping of hands, shout application, solicitation, suit. of approbation, loud praise. 2. Resort, recourse. Apple of the eye, Pupil of the eye. Appeal to, Address, invoke, refer to, Apple Peru, Thorn apple, stramonium, call upon, make application to. stramony, Jamestown weed (Datura Appear, v. n. 1. Emerge, be in sight, stramonlum). come in sight, be visible, come into Apple-pie order,'[Colloquial.] Perfect view, HEAVE IN SIGHT, open to the order. view, present itself, crop out, show Appliance, n. 1. Application, use, exitself, turn up, come upon the stage, ercise, applying. see the light. 2. Expedient, means, instrumen2. Open, dawn, break. tality, resource. 3. Arise occur, offer. Appliances, n. pl. Means, expedients, 4. Stand in judgment, be present to instrumentalities, appointments, steps, answer. measures, ways and means. 5. Be manifest, be obvious, be open, Applicable, a. Suitable, fit, fitting, bebe known. fitting, appropriate, relevant, adapted, 6. Seem, look, show, wear the ap- apt, proper, pertinent, apposite, gerpearance, present the appearance, have mane, to the point, to the purthe appearance, strike one as being. pose. Appearance, n. 1. Coming, arrival. Applicant, n. Petitioner, solicitor, 2. Appearance, spectrum, what is suitor, candidate. seen. Application, n. 1. Applying. 3. Semblance, seeming, show, face, 2. Appliance, use, exercise, practice. pretence, color, pretext, guise, fashion, 3. Solicitation, petition, appeal, refeature. quest, suit. 4. Mien, air, aspect, look, com- 4. Assiduity, industry perseverance, plexion, figure, manner, demeanor, per- persistency, intense study, close attensonal presence. tion. Appeasable, a. Placable, forgiving, Apply, v. a. 1. Lay upon,-put or place reconcilable. upon. Appease, v. a. 1. Pacify, calm, quiet, 2. Appropriate, use, employ, exercise, soothe, tranquillize, allay, assuage, mol- ply, convert to use, put to use. lify, alleviate, mitigate, abate, ease, 3. Disperse, execute, carry out, put compose, still, hush, lull, dull, quell, in practice. blunt, temper, attemper, lessen, qualify. 4. Devote, dedicate, addict, direct, 2. Propitiate, reconcile, make propi- engage, turn attentively, bend with tious, make favorable, diligence.

Page  24 APPLY TO 24 APPROXIMATION Apply to, 1. Suit, fit, be adapted to, be 4. Knowledge, discernment, percepsuitable to. be applicable to. tion, sense. 2. Solicit, petition, request, appeal 5. Opinion, belief, fancy, supposition, to, call upon, make application to, have judgment, sentiment, idea, notion. recourse to. 6. Fear, dread, distrust, suspicion, Appoint, v. a. 1. Fix, determine, pre- anxiety, solicitude, care, concern, misscribe, set, establish. ~giving, alarm, worry, disquiet, uneasi2. Direct, ordain, enjoin, require, ness, vexation. command, decree, order, bid, impose, Apprehensive, a. 1. Quick to underinsist on. stand. 3. Assign, allot, designate, destine. 2. Fearful, distrustful, suspicious, 4. Nominate, name, constitute, anxious, afraid. create. Apprentice, n. Learner (of a trade). 5. Furnish, equip, supply. Apprise, v. a. Inform, acquaint, warn, Appointment, as. 1. Appointing, des- notify, tell, admonish, make acquaintignation to office. ed, make aware, give notice to, disclose 2. Station, position, office, place. to, make known to, mention to. 3. Assignation, agreement (as to time Approach, v. n. Approximate, draw and place of meeting), TRYST, stipula- near, draw nigh, come near, be at tion, arrangement. hand. 4. Decree, bidding, command, order, Approach, v. a. Resemble, come near direction, precept, mandate, ordi- to, be like. nation, enactment, law, require- Approach, n. 1. Advance, approximament. tion, advent, coming, drawing near. 5. Equipment, equipage, furniture, 2. Access, admittance, admission. outfit, appliance. Approachable, a. ~Accessible. 6. Allowance, salary, pay, stipend, Approbation, n. 1. Approval, liking pension. praise, encomium, commendation, good 7. Nomination, constitution, crea- opinion, favorable opinion. tion. 2. Support, concurrence, assent, conApportion, v. a. Allot, distribute, as- sent, sanction, ratification. sign, divide, partition, part, measure, Appropriate, v. a. 1. Adopt, take to share, appropriate, deal, dispense, par- one's self, take as one's own. eel odt, deal out, portion out. 2. Take, seize, abstract, steal, purApportionment, n. Distribution, al- loin. lotlnent, assignment, dole, partition, 3. Assign, apportion, allot, set apart. division. 4. Apply, use, employ, convert. Apposite, a. Apt, pertinent, relevant, Appropriate, a. Adapted, fit, fitting, fit, fitting, befitting, suitable, appro- befitting, apt, PAT, suitable, proper, priate, seasonable, germane, APROPOS, becoming, due, seemly, agreeable, conto the purpose, to the point, well ap- formable, congruous, germane, conveplied, well put. nient, pertinent, apposite, felicitous, Appraise, v. a. Value, estimate, prize, applicable, APROPOS, to the point, to rate, measure, set a value on, fix a the purpose. price for; estimate the worth of, form Appropriateness, n. Suitableness, fitan estimate of. ness, propriety, aptness, appositeness, Appraisement, n. Valuation, estima- pertinency, PERTNESS,' relevancy, felition, estimate, judgment. city, applicability. Appreciate, v. a. 1. Estimate justly, Appropriation, n. 1. Seizure, capture, set a just value on, form a correct esti- taking, taking to one's self. mate of, value rightly. 2. Application (to aparticZlar use). 2. Estimate, esteem, value, rate. 3. Sum set apart (for a specific object). 3. [U. S.] Raise the value of. Approval, n. 1. APPROBATION. Appreciate, v. n. [ U. S.] Rise in value, 2. Support, sanction, assent, consent, be worth more. concurrence, ratification. Appreciation, n. 1. Valuation, estima- Approve, v. a. 1. Commend, recomtion. mend, praise, like, appreciate, value, 2. Just estimate, correct valuation. think well or favorably of, think highly Apprehend, v. a. 1. Seize, arrest, take, of, speak well of, be pleased with. take prisoner. 2. Sanction, confirm, justify, ratify, 2. Conceive, imagine, see, perceive, sustain, make valid. believe, know, COMPREHEND. Approximate, a. 1. Proximate, ap3. Fear, dread, think of with fearl. preaching, coming near. Apprehendv. s. Think, suppose, im- 2. Nearly correct, nearly accurate or agine, conceive, fancy, OPINE, hold, true. ween, presume, be of opinion, take it, Approximate, v. a. [Rare.] Bring entertain the idea. near. Apprehension, a. 1. Seizure, arrest. Approximate, v. n. Approach, come 2. Understanding, intellect, intelli- near. gence, intellection, mind, reason. Approximpately, ad. Near, nearly) 3. Conception, IMAGINATION. the about, not far fiom. mind's eye. Approxilmation, i. Approach.

Page  25 APPULSE 25 ARCHIVES Appulse, n. Collision, meeting, coming 2. Judge, decide, determine, adjuditogether, striking together. cate, give judgment, pass judgment. Appulsive, a. Impinging, striking Arbitration, t. 1. Mediation, interagainst. vention, intercession, interposition. Appurtenance, n. Adjumnct, append- 2. Decision, determination, adjudiage, dependency. cation, arbitrament, umpirage. Appurtenant, a. Belonging. Arbitrator, n. Arbiter, umpire, judge, A-priori, [L.] Theoretically, before ex- referee. perience, before trial, from assumed Arbor, n. 1. Bower, shady recess, principles. shady retreat. Apropos, a. [Fr.] Opportune, season- 2. Spindle, axis, shaft. able, timely, fit, suitable, apt, apposite, Arborescence, n. Branching, ramifito the point, to the purpose, just the cation. thing, quite the thing. Arborescent, a. Dendriform, dendrite, Apropos, ad. Opportunely, seasonably, dendritic, arboriform, branching. to the purpose. Arboriform, a. Dendriform, ARBORESApt, a. 1. Apposite, pertinent, suitable, CENT. fit, fitting, meet, befitting, germane, Arbor-vitre, n. White cedar (of Canapplicable, appropriate, APROPOS, to ada; Thv'ja occidentalis). the point, to the purpose. Are, n. (Geom.) Arch, part of a circum2. Inclined, liable, prone, disposed. ference. 3. Quick, sharp, ready, prompt, ex- Arcade, a. Piazza, colonnade. pert, dexterous, able, clever, happy, Arcanum, n. [L. pl. Arcana.] Secret, adroit, handy, skilful. mystery.4. Docile, teachable. Arch, a. 1. (Geom.) Arc, part of a cirAptitude, n. Turn, disposition, genius, cumference. gift, endowment; talent, faculty, capa- 2. Curved structure. city, capableness, tendency, inclination, Arch, v. a. 1. Vault, cover with an bias, proclivity, proneness, propensity, arch, arch over. forte, aptness. 2. Bend into the form of an arch. Aptness, n. 1. Fitness, suitableness, Arch, a. 1. Chief, principal, consumappropriateness, adaptation, applica- mate, first-rate, of the first class. bility. 2. Sly, shrewd, cunning, wily, astute, 2. Turn, tendency, inclination, APTI- subtle. TUDE. 3. Roguish, waggish, mirthful, frolic3. Quickness, readiness, expertness, some, sportive, merry, playful. skill, facility, knack, adroitness, ad- ArchEeologian, n. Archaeologist. dress, ability. Archaeological, a. Antiquarian. 4. Docility, teachableness. Archeeologist, n. Antiquarian, antiAqua-fortis, n. [L.1 Nitric acid (some- quary. what dilzted), spirit of nitre. Archaeology, n. Science of antiquities. Aqua-regia, n. [L.] Nitro-muriatic Archaic, a. Old, ancient, obsolete, anacid, nitro-chloro-hydric acid. tiquated, antique, by-gone, out of use, Aquarius, n. (Astron.) Water-bearer. out of date, out of fashion, old-fashAqueous, a. Watery, waterish, moist, ioned. wet, humid, damp. Archaism, n. Antiquated term or exAquiline, a. Hooked (like an eagle's pression. beak; applied es pecially to the nose), Archbishop, z. Primate, metropolitan. bent, curved.' Archduchy, n. Archdukedolm. Arab, n. Arabian, Saracen. Archdukedom, n. Archduchy. Arabesque, a. Moorish, moresque. Arched, a. L. Vaulted, bowed, cameArabian, a. Arabic. rated, concave. Arabian, n. Arab, Saracen. 2. (Bot.) Fornicate. Arabic, a. Arabian. Arched-ceiling, [ L. Vault. Arable, a. That may be ploughed, fit Arched roof, Vau for the plough, suitable for cultivation. Arch-enemny, l. Arch-fiend. Arbiter, n. Arbitrator, umpire, judge, Arch-fiend, se. DEVIL, Satan. referee.' Archer, n. Bowman, SAGITTARY. Arbitrament, tn. 1. Choice, option, Arch over, Arch, cover with an arch. will, determination, decision, umpirage. Archetype, n. Pattern, model, type, 2. (Law.) Award, adjudication, de- prototype, original, examplar, example, termination, decision, decree. protoplast, mirror, paragon. Arbitrariness, 2. Despotism, absolute- Arching, a. Vaulted, curving. ness, absolutism, tyranny, autocracy. Architect, n. 1. Designer of buildings, Arbitrary, a. 1. Irresponsible, abso- professor of building. lute, tyrannical, tyrannous, imperious, 2. Contriver, maker, former, author. dompineering, bound by no law. Architecture, n. 1. Science or art of 2. Optional, voluntary, determined building. by no rule or principle. 2. Workmanship, framework, frame, Arbitrate, v. a. Decide, determine. structure, fabric. Arbitrate, v. n. 1. Mediate, intercede, Archives, n. pl. 1. Registry, recordinterpose. office.

Page  26 A RCHIWAY 26 ARMORIAL 2. Records, chronicles, registers, AN- cious, sharp - sighted, quick - sighted, NALS, historical accounts. lynx-eyed, hawk-eyed. Archway, n. Arched passage. Arid, a. Dry, dried up, parched with Arctic, a. Northern, boreal. heat. Arcuate, a. [Rare.] Curved, bent, Aridity, n. Dryness, siCCITY, want of bowed, hooked, crooked, aduncous. moisture. Arcuation, n. [Rare.] Curvature, in- Aright, ad. Rightly, without error or curvation, curvity, flexure, bend, crook. mistake. Ardent, a. 1. Hot, burning, fiery. Ariose, a. Melodious, of a melodious 2. Warm, passionate, fervent, ira- character, characterized by melody (as passioned, eager, intense, keen, sharp, distinguishedfrom harmony). vehement, fiery, earnest, fervid, glow- Arise, v. n. 1. Ascend, mount, soar, ing, zealous, devoted, enthusiastic, tower go up. strenuous, sanguine. 2. 4et up, start up, get out of bed. 3. Alcoholic, spirituous. 3. Rise,-appear, come in sight, come Ardor, n. 1. Heat, warmth. into view, present itself, show itself, 2. Zeal, fervor, fervency, flame, glow, discover itself, make its appearance, excitement, sharpness, earnestness, reveal itself, come to light. eagerness, heartiness, devotion, enthu- 4. Begin, originate, spring, spring up, siasm, soul, spirit, vehemence, impetu- be excited, come into action. osity, intensity, passion. 5. Come into being, enter upon life. Arduous, a. 1. Steep, high, lofty, up- 6. Accrue, result, proceed, issue, hill. flow, follow, come, ensue, be derived. 2. Hard, difficult, laborious, onerous, Aristate, a. (Bot.) Awned, bearded. troublesome, Herculean, toilsome, tire- Aristocracy, i. 1. Government of some, wearisome, fatiguing, beset with nobles or a privileged order. difficulties, full of difficulties. 2. Nobility, noblesse, gentry, peerage Area, n. 1. Region, sphere, realm, ter- body of nobles, the quality, persons of ritory, domain, district, circuit, circle, rank. definite space. 3. [Colloquial.] Upper classes, uP2. (Geomn.) Superficial contents. PER-TEN, UPPER-CRUST, upper ten Arena, a. Field, lists, stage, ring, am- thousand. phitheatre, battle-field, field of battle, Aristocratic, -} a. 1. Noble, princely scene of action, place of contest. Aristocratical, patrician, titled, o Arenaceous, a. Sandy, arenose. high rank. Arenose, a. Sandy, arenaceous. 2. Haughty, proud, arrogant, disAreometer, n. Hydrometer. dainful, overweening, supercilious, Argent, a. 1. Of silver. overbearing, consequential. 2. Silvery, bright, resplendent, shin- Aristotelian, a. Peripatetic. ing, radiant, brilliant, beaming, efful- Aristotelian, it. Follower of Aristotle, gent, refulgent. peripatetic philosopher. Argil, is. 1. Potter's clay, white clay. Arithmetic, a. Science of numbers, 2. Alumina, argillaceous earth, oxide art of computation. of aluminium. Arm, n. 1. Branch, bough, irojecting Argillaceous, a. Clayey, aluminous. part. Argol, n. Tartar (crude), bitartrate of 2. Inlet (of the sa). potash, wine-stone. 3. Power, might, strength, puissance. Argosy, n. Carack, galleon. 4. Branch of military service (as arArgue, v. i. 1. Reason, plead, offer tillery or cavalry). reasons, use arguments. Arm, v. a.. 1. Equip, furnish, provide, 2. Dispute, debate, chop logic, try or supply with arms. conclusions, bandy words or arguments, 2. Fortify, put in a state of defence. hold or carry on an argument. 3. Prepare, fit up, make ready. Argue, v. a. 1. Show, indicate, evince, Arm, v. n. Take arms, be fitted or prodenote, imply, betoken, prove. vided with arms. 2. Debate, discuss, VENTILATE, sift, Armada, a. Fleet (especially that of contest, controvert, moot, reason upon. Spain against England in 1588), squadArguer, a. Reasoner, debater, contro- ron, flotilla. versialist, disputant, disputer. Armament, n. 1. Body of forces. Argument, n. 1. Reason, reasoning, 2. Guns, cannon, arms, munitions of chain of reasoning, process of reasoning. war. 2. Controversy, dispute, disputation, Arm-chair, n. Elbow-chair, armed discussion. chair. 3. Subject, topic, matter, theme, Armistice, n. Truce, suspension of thesis, question, subject-matter, matter hostilities, cessation of arms, tempoin hand. rary peace. Argumentation, n. Reasoning, ratio- Arm of flesh, Human strength, human cination, process of reasoning. gid. Argumentative, a. 1. Controversial, Arm of the sea, Estuary, frith, inlet. polemical. Armor, a. Defensive clothing, coat of 2. Disputatious, given to controversy. mail. Argus-eyed, a. Discerning, perspica- Armorial, a. Heraldic.

Page  27 ARMORY 27 ARTICLE Armory, a. Arsenal, depository of 4. (Law.) Panel, body of jurors. arms, magazine of arms. Array, v. a. 1. Rank, range, arrange, Armpit, n. AXILLA. place, dispose, marshal, set in order, Arms, n. pl. 1. Weapons. draw up. 2. War, warlike exploits. 2. Dress, habit, enrobe, robe, invest, 3. Escutcheon, scutcheon, shield, en- clothe, bedeck, deck, adorn, embellish, sign armorial, armorial bearings. decorate, garnish, BEDIZEN, TRICK Army, n. Host, force, troops, legions, OUT, set off. armed force, military force, body of Arrears, n. pl. Arrearage, amounts troops. due but unpaid. Arnica, n. Leopard's-bane. Arrearage, n. ARREARS. Aroma, is. Fragrance, perfume, redo- Arrest, v. a. 1. Stop, stay, check, inlence, sweet scent, pleasing scent, grate- terrupt, obstruct, hinder, delay, detain, ful odor. restrain, hold, withhold, keep back. Aromatic, a. Fragrant, redolent, 2. Seize, apprehend, take, capture, balmy, spicy, odoriferous, aromatous, catch, take up, take into custody, take ambrosial, high-scented, strong-scent- prisoner. ed, sweet-scented, sweet-smelling. 3. Engage, fix, engross, occupy, rivet. Aromatize, v. a. Scent, perfume. Arrest, n. 1. Staying, stopping, hinderAromatous, a. Fragrant, (spicy, ARO- ance, obstruction. MATIC. 2. Seizure, capture, detention. Around, ad. Round, on every side, on Arrival, an. Advent, coming. all sides, in a circle, right and left. Arrive, v. n. 1. Come, get here, reach Around, prep. 1. About, round, encir- this place. cling, encompassing, surrounding, on 2. Get there, reach that place. every side of. Arrive at, Reach, attain, come to, get 2. All over, in all parts of. to, TOUCH AT. Arouse, v. a. Incite, excite, animate, Arrogance, n. Haughtiness, pride; stimulate, warm, kindle, inspirit, pro- presumption, assumption, superciliousvoke, instigate, awaken, raise, whet, ness, disdain, contumely, lordliness, stir up, wake up, summon up, set on, loftiness, stateliness, self-conceit, conhurry on. ceitedness, self-importance, HAUTEUR. Arraign, v. a. 1. Prosecute, bring to Arrogant, a. Haughty, proud, supertrial, take the law of, bring before a cilious, lordly, disdainful, contumelious, court. cavalier, overbearing, overweening, as2. Accuse, charge, denounce, impeach, suming, magisterial, dognmatic, impeindict, criminate, tax, inform against, rious, important, swelling, blustering, call to account, take to task. big, high, lofty, stately, self-conceited, Arraignment, n. 1. Prosecution, self-sufficient, UPPISH. bringing to trial. Arrogate, v. a. Assume, usurp, claim 2. Accusation, charge, indictment, unduly, make unjust pretensions to. impeachment. Arrow, a. Dart, shaft, bolt. Arrange, v. a. 1. Dispose, array, class, Arrow-headed, a. Wedge-shaped, cuclassify, group, rank, trim, marshal, neiform. distribute, place, range, put or bring Arsenal, n. Armory, magazine of arms, into order, set in order, reduce to order, repository of military stores. set out, assign places to. Arsenic, n. ARSENIOUS ACID. 2. Adjust, settle, determine, fix up- Arsenious acid, Arsenic, -rat's-bane, on. white arsenic, white oxide of arsenic, 3. Plan, devise, scheme, contrive, Art, n. 1. Trade, craft, business, callproject, mature, organize, concoct, ing, employment, exercise of skill. construct, prepare, fall upon, hit upon, 2. Skill, address, adroitness, readilay out. ness, dexterity, tact, aptitude, aptness, Arrangement, n. 1. Disposition, clas- cleverness, ingenuity. sification, method, distribution, group- 3. Cunning, astuteness, artfulness, ing, collocation, reducing to order. shrewdness, artifice, deceit, subtlety, 2. Structure, make, form, mode of craftiness, craft, duplicity, wiliness, building, manner of making. guile. 3. Adjustment, settlement. Artful, a. 1. Skilful, ingenious, dex4. Regulation, management, econo- terous. my. 2. Cunning, crafty, astute, shrewd, 5. Preparation, plan, scheme. sharp, wily, sly, foxy, snaky, subtle, Arrant, a. 1. Notorious, utter, gross, arch, insidious, designing, intriguing, downright, consummate, rank, thor- politic, deceitful, trickish, TRICKY, ough-going. diplomatic, Machiavelian. 2. Infamous, vile, atrocious, mon- Article, n. 1. Part, portion, branch, strous. member, clause, item, particular, count, Arras, n. Tapestry, hangings. point. Array, n. 1. Order, regular disposition. 2. Term, stipulation, provision, con2. Dress, fine clothes, elegant attire, dition, covenant. rich garments. 3. Thing, substance, commodity. 3. Exhibition, show. 4. (Grazn.) Definitive adjective.

Page  28 ARTICULATE 28 ASKEW Articulate, a. 1. Jointed, articulated. 2. Superior, predominant, prevailing, 2. Distinctly uttered. prevalent, surpassing. Articulate, v. a. Utter distinctly (as Ascendency, n. Power, authority, respects the elementary sounds), PRO- sway, control, superiority, government, NOUNCE, ENOUNCE, speak. mastery, masterdom, command, domninArticulated, a. Jointed, articulate. ion, rule, sovereignty, supremacy, domArticulation, it. 1. Distinct utterance, ination, predominance, controlling in2. Consonant. fluence, advantage over, upper-hand. 3. Joint, juncture, hinge. Ascension, n. Rising, rise, ascent. Artifice, ia. Cunning, deceit, trickery, Ascent, n. 1. Rising, rise, ascension. duplicity, guile, subtlety, finesse, strat- 2. Acclivity, rising ground. agem, trick, subterfuge, wile, ruse, 3. Elevation, height, eminence. chance, dodge, doubling, Machiavelism, Ascertain, v. a. 1. Determine, estabmachination, deception, cheat, shufflie, lish, fix, settle, define, certify, verify, fraud, imposture, imposition, double- make certain, make sure. dealing, COLLUSION, hocus-pocus, craf- 2. Discover, find out, get at. ty device, artful contrivance. Ascetic, a. Austere, rigid, severe, stern, Artificer, ni. Artist (not of the highest puritanical, uncompromising. grade), manufacturer, superior artisan, Ascetic, n. Recluse, hermit, anchoret, skilful mechanic, TRADESMAN. % solitary, solitaire, EIREMITE. Artificial, a. 1. Factitious, made by. Asceticism, a. Austerity, mortificaart, not natural. tion. 2. Fictitious, feigned, counterfeited, Ascribable, a. Attributable, traceable, sham, spurious. chargeable, imputable, referrible, ow3. Assumed, affected, forced, strained. ing. Artillery, a. Ordnance, cannon, en- Ascribe, v. a. Attribute, assign, refer, ginery, great guns. charge, lay, IMPUTE. Artisan, a. Mechanic, handicraftsman, As good as, 1. Of equal goodness with. workman, laborer, operative. 2. The same as, equivalent to, equal Artist, n. 1. Designer, contriver, pro- to, tantamount to. jector, adept, ARTIFICER, skilful per- Ashamed, a. Abashed, confused, put son. out of countenance. 2. Painter, limner, sketcher. Ash-colored, a. Ashy, pale, gray. 3. Sculptor, carver, modeller. Ashes, in. bl. 1. Remains (of what is Artistic, [ a. Skilful, masterly, work- buf ert). Artistical, man-like. 2. Corpse, remains (of the human Artless, a. 1. Ignorant, unlearned, body), dead body. untaught, unskilful, rude. Ashore, ad. 1. On shore, on land. 2. Inartificial, simple, natural, with- 2. To the shore. out marks of art. 3. Aground, not afloat. 3. Unaffected, plain, honest, frank, 4. Stranded, wrecked, cast away. fair, open, candid, NAiVE, guileless, Ashy, a. 1. Cineritious, cinereous, favilsincere, true, unsophisticated, ingenu- ious, like ashes. ous, undesigning, truthful, honorable, 2. Pale, pallid, whitish, gray, ashsingle-minded, simple-hearted, simple- colored. minded, open-hearted, straightforward. Asiatic cholera, Spasmodic cholera, As, ad. 1. In the manner that. cholera asphyxia. 2. Like, similar to, for example, of Aside, ad. 1. Laterally, to the side, to the same kind with, in the same man- one side. ner with. 2. Out of the straight course, out of 3. Viewed like, taken in the charac- the true course. ter of, considered in the state of. 3. Apart, separately, away. 4. While, during the time that, at As if, As though. the same time that. As it were, So to speak, so it would 5. Because, since, for the reason that. seem, so it seems. 6. To the degree that, in the same Ask, v. a. 1. Question, interrogate, inproportion that. quire of, put the question to. 7. Being of the kind which, being of 2. Request, solicit, petition, beseech, the class who. implore, supplicate, crave, beg, desire, As far as, To the extent that, to the entreat, pray for, prefer a petition for, degree that. make application for. Ascend, v. n. 1. Rise, arise, aspire, 3. Require, claim, demand, chalmount, soar, tower, CLIMB, go up. lenge, call for. 2. Go backward (in the order of time). Ask, v. it. 1. Petition, beg, pray. Ascend, v. a. CLIMB, scale, get up, 2. Inquire, question, make inquiry. go up. Askance, t ad. Obliquely, sidewise, Ascendant, n. 1. Horoscope. Askant, J askew, aslant, on one 2. Superiority, predominance, ascen- side. dency, superior influence, controlling Asker,. Inquirer, petitioner, solicitor, influence. solicitant. Ascendant, a. 1. Rising, above the Askew, ad. Awry, aside, askance, horizon. aslant, asquint, to one side.

Page  29 ASLANT 29 ASSEVERATION Aslant, ad. Obliquely, askance, askew, Assassin, n. Murderer, slayer, cutaslope. throat, assassinator, bravo. Aslant, a. Oblique, inclined, slanting. Assassinate, v. a. Kill (by secret asAsleep, a. Sleeping, fast asleep, in a sault), murder, slay, despatch. sound sleep, in the arms of Morpheus, Assassination, n. Murder (by secret gone to the land of Nod. assaumt). Aslope, ad. ASLANT, obliquely. Assassinator, n. ASSASSIN. Aspect, a. 1. Air, mien, countenance, Assault, n. 1. Attack, onset, onslaught, expression, visage, feature. aggression, invasion, charge, thrust. 2. Appearance, view, light, condition, 2. Storming, storm. situation, position, state, attitude, pos- Assault, v. a. Assail, attack, charge, ture. invade, STORM, fall upon, fly at, bear 3. Direction, bearing, relative posi- down upon, make aggression on. tion. Assay, t. Trial (particularly to deterAsperity, n. 1. Roughness, ruggedness, mine the quantity of metal in an ore), unevenness. test, examination, experiment, proof, 2. Acrimony, tartness, sourness, touchstone, ordeal. sharpness, causticity, corrosiveness. Assay, v. a. Try, test, put to the test, 3. Harshness, moroseness, sternness, make trial of. severity, virulence, crabbedness, bitter- Assay, v. is. Try, endeavor, attempt, ness, churlishness, acerbity, sullenness, essay. ill temper, bad blood. Assemblage, n. 1. Collection, group, Asperse, v. a. Vilify, slander, calum- cluster, clump, mass, congeries, pack. niate, traduce, defame, scandalize, 2. Assembly, concourse, company, malign, revile, lampoon, backbite, crowd, throng, congregation, gathering, abuse, disparage, blacken, blemish, meeting. slur, VITUPERATE, run down, detract Assemble, v. a. Collect, muster, confrom, speak ill of, accuse falsely, damn vene, convoke, congregate, gather, levy, with faint praise. call, call together, bring together, get Aspersion,?s. Calumny, detraction, together. slander, defamation, abuse, vitupera- Assemble, v. n. Converse, meet, meet tion, obloquy, reproach, scandal, back- together, come together. biting, reviling, gainsaying, traduc- Assembly, n. 1. Company, concourse, ing. throng, congregation, gathering, collecAsphalt, } n. Native bitumen, min- tion, assemblage, meeting. Asphaltum, eral pitch, Jew's pitch. 2. Congress, convention, convocation, Aspirant, n. 1. Aspirer, ambitious conclave, synod, diet, meeting, council, person. caucus, conventicle, Parliament. 2. Candidate, solicitor, solicitant, Assent, v. a. Agree (as to a matter of competitor. openniwo), CONeSENT, concur, acquiesce, Aspirant, a. Aspiring, ambitious. subscribe, yield, yield assent, give conAspirate, a. Aspirated, toneless, un- sent, fall in, go with the stream, go intonated, atonic, surd, pronounced with the current. with a simple breathing, not vocal, Assent, n. Consent, agreement, conwithout vocality, without tone. currence, acquiescence, allowance. Aspirate, n. Rough breathing. Assent to, Consent to, agree to, give Aspirate, v. a. Pronounce with an assent to, acquiesce in, concur in. aspirate or rough breathing. Assert, v. a. 1. Affirm, declare, proAspirated, a. ASPIRATE. nounce, express, aver, allege, asseverAspiration, a. 1. Pronouncing with ate, protest, avow, predicate, lay down. the rough breathing. 2. Vindicate, defend, claim, main2. Longing, yearning, hankering, tain, uphold. craving, ardent wish or desire. Assertion, n. 1. Affirmation, declaraAspire, v. n. 1. Desire (earnestly), long. tion, asseveration, protestation, posi2. Ascend, rise, soar, tower, mount. tion, statement, word, averment, predAspirer, s. Aspirant, ambitious person. ication, remark. Aspire to, Desire eagerly, wish for 2. Vindication, defence, maintenance, ardently, long for, aim at, thirst after. support. Aspiring, a. Ambitious, high-reaching. Assess, v. a. 1. Tax, charge as one's Asquint, ad. Askance, askant, awry, share. askew, obliquely, to one side. 2. Value, appraise, compute, estiAss, n. 1. Jackass, donkey. mate, rate. 2. Dolt, fool, blockhead, simpleton, Assessment, ns. 1. Assessing, valuation. numskull, ninny, DUNCE. 2. Tax, impost, charge, rate. Assail, v. a. Assault, attack, invade, Assets, n. pl. Property (particclarly as oppugn, fall upon, fly at, bear down conmpcared with liabilities), effects, posupon, make aggression on. sessions, estate. Assailant, a. Aggressor, assaulter, at- Asseverate, v. a. Aver, affirm, declare, tacker, invader, assailer. ASSERT, protest, maintain, avow. Assailant, a. Attacking, invading, as- Asseveration, a. Declaration, assersaulting. tion, avowal, protestation, affirmation, Assailer, a. Aggressor, ASSAILANT. averment, assurance.

Page  30 ASSIDUITY 30 ASTERISK Assiduity, a. Industry, DILIGENCE, Assorted, a. Of various sorts. assiduousness, sedulousness, activity, Assuage, v. a. Mitigate, moderate, apperseverance, persistence, patience, pease, alleviate, soothe, soften, mollify, close application. pacify, compose, tranquillize, quiet, Assiduous, a. Industrious, sedulous, still, quell, allay, abate, temper, attemdiligent, indefatigable, notabe, active, per, lessen, qualify, relieve, ease, dull, busy, untiring, unwearied, unremitting, blunt, lull. persevering, persistent, constant, pa- Assuagement, n. Mitigation, alleviatient, studious, zealous, never-tiring, tion, pacification, easing, abatement. painstaking. Assuasive, a. Soothing, assuaging, Assiduousness, n. ASSIDUITY. emollient, lenient, lenitive, mitigating, Assign, v. a. 1. Apportion, allot, ap- mitigative, mild. point, appropriate, cast. Assume, v. a. 1. Take, undertake, take 2. Fix, specify, determine, designate. on, take upon one's self, be willing to 3. Adduce, allege, advance, offer, bear. give, present, bring forward. 2. Affect, feign, counterfeit, simulate, 4. (Law.) Transfer, convey, make pretend to, put on. over. 3. Arrogate, usurp, claim unduly, Assignation, n. 1. Designation. make unjust pretensions to. 2. Appointment to meet. 4. Beg, suppose, presuppose, imply, Assign dower, (Law.) Set off (by metes consider as true, take for granted. and bounds) the widow's share. Assumed name, Alias. Assignment, n. 1. Appointment, al- Assuming, a. 1. Presuming, presumplotmuent, apportionment. tuous, forward, audacious, bold, shame2. (Law.) Transfer, conveyance. less, frontlesi, unblushing, brazen, Assimilate, v. a. 1. Liken, make like, brazen-faced. bring to a resemblance. 2. Arrogant, proud, lofty, stately, 2. Digest, turn to one's own sub- haughty, supercilious, overbearing, Stance. overweening, conceited, consequential, Assist, v. a. 1. Help, aid, support, be- self-conceited, self-sufficient. friend, patronize, serve, speed, second, Assumption, n. 1. Assuming, arrogatabet, back, sustain, co-operate with, ing, usurpation. take part with, give support to, minis- 2. Presumption, supposition, conjectter to. ure, hypothesis, postulate, theory.:2 Succor, relieve, SPELL. 3.. Haughtiness, loftiness, superciliAssistance, i. Help, aid, succor, LIFT, ousness, lordliness, stateliness, conceit, support, patronage, relief, helping pride, conceitedness, self-conceit, selfhand, good offices. importance, vain-glory, arrogance, inAssistant, n. Coadjutor, helper, aider, solence, HAUTEUR. co-operator, co-aid, ally, auxiliary, abet- Assurance, n. 1. Security, certainty, tor, ADJUTANT, CLERK, right hand conviction, persuasion, pledge of cerman. tainty, ground of confidence. Assizes, 7. pl. Sessions (of the superior 2. Promise, engagement, word of courts in the counties of Enggland). honor. Associate, v. a. Join, conjoin, unite, 3. Affirmation, assertion, declaration, connect, combine, affiliate, yoke, cou- protestation, asseveration, averment, ple, link, bring into close relation. avowal. Associate, v. n. Fraternize, sort, con- 4. Intrepidity, courage, confidence, sort, keep company, be in fimiliar in- firmness, self-reliance. tercourse. 5. Boldness, effrontery, brass, impuAssociate, n. 1. Companion, mate, dence, impertinence, presumption, fellow, yoke-fellow, comrade, peer, CHEEK, face, front. compeer, follower, CONSORT. 6. (Law.) Insurance. 2. Partner, copartner, coadjutor, Assure,a. a. 1. Make certain or sure, COLLEAGUE, confederate, ally. free from doubt or uncertainty. Association, a. 1. Union, connection, g. Embolden, encourage, enhearten, conjunction, combination. hearten, make confident. 2. Society, fraternity, partnership, 3. Declare to (confidently and earcopartnership, sodality, company, band, nestly), vouch to, avow to, protest to, corporation, body, guild, fire, house, warrant. confederacy, confederation, LODGE, 4. (Law.) Insure, agree to indemclub, COTERIE, CLIQUE, joint concern. nify for loss, secure against loss. Assort, v. a. Class, classify, rank, Assured, a. 1. Certain, indubitable, group, arrange, distribute, sort. unquestionable. Assort, v. n. Agree, consort, suit, be 2. Confident, sure, secure, sanguine. adapted, be suitable. 3. (Law.) Insured. Assortment, n. 1. Assorting, arrang- Assuredly, ad. Certainly, indubitably, ing, allotment, distribution, arrange- undoubtedly, unquestionably, truly, ment. surely, sure, without doubt. 2. Class, group, set, batch, lot, par- Asteism, n. Genteel irony, polite bancel, stock, store, collection, pack. ter or raillery, delicate ridicule. 3. Variety of sorts, many kinds. Asterisk, a. Star (iarsrinting).

Page  31 ASTERN 31 ATROCIOUS Astern, ad. (Naut.) 1. Behind, back. At hazard, Hazarded, Ar STARE. 2. Backward, rearward, abaft. At heart, In principle, in one's true Asteroid, a. Small planet. character. As though, As if. Atheism, n. Denial of God, disbelief Astonish, v. a. Amaze, surprise, as- in the existence of God. tound, confound, shock, stagger, stu- Atheist, i. Unbeliever (in the existence pefy, stun, dumfounder, strike dumb, of God), INFIDEL, sceptic, free-thinker. strike with wonder, petrify with won- Atheistic, a. Godless, given to der. Atheistical, ] atheism. Astonishment, a. Amazement, won- Athlete, n. Combatant, champion, conder, surprise, awe, ADMIRATION. tender for victory. Astound, v. a. Amaze, ASTONISH. Athletic, a. 1. Strong, stout, robust, Astral, a. Starry, stellar, sidereal. sturdy, brawny, muscular, lusty, sinAstray, ad. Out of the right way, on ewy, nervous, stalwart, powerful, strapthe wrong scent. ping, Herculean, able-bodied, made of Astringent, a. Binding, contracting, iron. styptic. 2. Gymnastic. Astute, a., 1. Cunning, crafty, intrigu- Athwart, prep. ACross, over, from one ing, wily, artful, sly, subtle, arch, deep, side of to the other. Machiavelian. Athwart, ad. 1. Across, crosswise, 2. Shrewd, sagacious, acute, sharp, sidewise, obliquely. quick, discerning, ingenious, perspica- 2. Wrong, wrongfully, unseasonably, cious, keen intelligent, long-headed, unsuitably, MALAPROPOS. keen-sighted, clear-sighted, quick- At last, Finally, in the end, in the upsighted, eagle-eyed. shot. Astuteness, n.. 1. Cunning, craft, At length, 1. After a long time, after craftiness, subtlety, artfulness, art, a long while, at last, in the end. artifice, slyness, deceit, duplicity, wili- 2. In full, to the full extent, IN Exness, guile. TENSO. 2. Shrewdness, acuteness, sharpness, Atmosphere, n. Air. perspicacity, discernment, penetration, Atmospheric, t a. Aerial, of the sagacity, ingenuity, mother-wit, quick Atmospherical, atmosphere. parts. At odds, Quarrelling, bickering, at vaAsunder, ad. Apart, into two parts. riance. Asylum, n. 1. Sanctuary, shelter, re- Atom, n. 1. Molecule, monad, ultimate treat, refuge, place of refuge. particle (of any element), indivisible 2. Charitable institution. particle. At a blow, Suddenly, all at once, by a 2. Corpuscle, scrap, mite, bit, grain, single stroke, by one effort. jot, iota, tittle, whit, ace, scintilla. At all, In any manner, in any degree, Atomic, a 1 Of atoms. in the least degree, in the least. Atoical, a s. At all events, At any rate, in any case, 2. Small, minute. whatever be the case, happen what At once, Immediately, directly, forthmay, come what may, let it be as it with, straightway, without delay. will, sink or swim. Atone for, Expiate, make expiation At a loss, Puzzled, perplexed, embar- for, make amends for, make reparation rassed, staggered, posed, nonplussed, at for, do penance for, answer for, pay for. one's wits' end, hard pressed, at a Atonement, n. 1. [Rare.] Reconcilia, stand, in doubt, in difficulty, put to it, tion, pacification, concord, agreement. put to one's shifts, out of one's depth, 2. Expiation, propitiation, satisfacbeyond one's depth, in a quandary, at tion, reparation, amends, peace-offerfault, in a dilemma, not know what to do. ing, atoning sacrifice. At any rate, AT ALL EVENTS. Atony, n. (.Med.) Weakness, debility, At a pinch, In an emergency, in a languor. difficulty, if things come to the worst. Atrabiliary, a. Melancholy, ATRABILAt a stand, 1. Interrupted, stopped. IOUS. 2. Perplexed, embarrassed, AT A Atrabilious, a. Melancholy, hypochonLOSS. driacal, hypped, dejected, dispirited, At dawn, Early, at break of day, at depressed, gloomy, sad, sorrowful, blue, peep of day, at the opening of day. desponding, downcast, down-hearted, At discretion, Without conditions or chop-fallen, low-spirited, cast down, stipulations. down in the mouth, in the dumps, with At ease, Untroubled, comfortable, free a long face. from pain, at rest. Atramentous, a. Black, inky. At fault, 1. Off the scent, on the At random, By chance, without choice, wrong track. without selection, just as it happens. 2. Puzzled, perplexed, AT A LOSS. At rest, 1. Resting, reposing, quiescent. At first, In the beginning, at the com- 2. Untroubled, comfortable, at ease, mencement, in the outset, at the start, free from pain. At hand, Near, nigh, close by, hard Atrocious, a. Infamous, villanous, fiaby, close to, close upon, close at hand, gitious, heinous, felonious, flagrant, within reach. outrageous, enormous, grievous, diabol

Page  32 ATROCITY 32 ATTICISM ical, monstrous. infernal, hellish, hor- Attempt, n. Effort, trial, essay, endearible, black, very wicked. vor, experiment, undertaking, enterAtrocity, n. 1. Heinousness, atrocious- prise. ness, enormity, flagrancy, villany, fla- Attend, v. a. 1. Accompany, escort, gitiousness, depravity, wickedness. follow, go with, go along with, keep 2. Atrocious crime, flagitious villany. company with. Atrophy, n. Emaciation (from want of 2. Guard, watch, have in keeping. natorishment), consumption, marasmus, 3. Serve, lackey, minister to, wait on, decline, gradual wasting. dance attendance on. At stake, Hazarded, risked, pledged, 4. Be present at. in danger, at hazard. 5. Await, be in store for, be ready Attach, v. a. 1. Fasten, tie, join, con- for. nect, cement, affix, fix, append, subjoin, Attend, v. n. 1. Listen, hearken, hear, annex, hitch, make fast, set to. give ear, pay attention. 2. Attract, captivate, enamour, en- 2. Tend, serve, wait, be attendant. dear, charm, win, engage, gain over. Attendance, 1. Presence. 3. (Law.) Take, seize, distrain, dis- 2. Service, ministration, waiting on. tress. Attendant, a. Accompanying, attendAttachment, n. 1. Love, liking, re- ing. gaid, affection, friendship, fondness, Attendant, l. 1. Follower, satellite, predilection, devotedness, devotion, ad- companion, fellow, associate, escort. hesion, adherence. 2. Servant, vassal, servitor, depend2. Adjunct, appendage, appurte- ant, retainer, squire, domestic, footman, nance addition, addendum. lackey, VALET, waiter, flunkey, under3. ()Law.) Seizure, distress. ling, menial, understrapper, tender. Attack, v. a. 1. Assail, assault, STORM, 3. Accompaniment, concomitant, atencounter, invade, charge, engage, op- tendant circumstance. pugn, TACKLE, have at, set upon, fly Attend on, Accompany, serve, wait on, at, run at, make a run at, rush upon, be in waiting upon, be within call spring upon, have a fling at, have a cut of. at, bear down upon, make aggression Attend to, 1. Mind, heed, notice, regard, on, ride full tilt against, PITCHI INTO. observe, mark, be attentive to, pay 2. Impugn, censure, criticise, reflect regard to, give heed to, take heed of, upon, pass censure on. take notice of, give or pay attention to, Attack, n. 1. Assault, onset, onslaught, give a.thought to, be mindful of. charge, thrust, 6ncounter, invasion, 2. Look after, look to, see to. aggression, descent, OFFENCE. 3. Practise, pursue, follow. Attacker, n. Assailer, assailant, as- Attention, n. 1. Care, heed, regard, saulter, invader, aggressor. heedfulness, mindfulness, notice, obserAttain, v. a. Procure (by effort), acquire, vation, consideration, advertence, cirget, obtain, gain, win, secure, achieve, cumnspection, watch, watchfulness. compass, accomplish, effect, hit. 2. Application, reflection, study. 2. Reach, arrive at, come to, attain to. 3. Civility, courtesy, politeness, defAttain to, Reach, attain, arrive at, erence, respect, regard. come to. Attentive, a. Mindful, heedful, obserAttainable, a. Compassable, achiev- vant, wary, circumspect, watchful, careable, practicable, feasible, possible. - ful, thoughtful, regardful, awake, alive, Attainder, n. Corruption of blood. wide awake, on the alert, ol the lookAttainment, n. 1. Attaining, getting, out. acquisition. Attentive to, Mindful of, occupied with, 2. Acquirement, accomplishment, taken up with, absorbed in. erudition, learning, information, en- Attenuate, v. a. 1. Dilute, thin, rarefy, lightenment, wisdom, stock if knowl- make thin, make less dense. edge, mental resources. 2. Lessen, diminish, contract, reduce. Attaint, v. a. 1. Taint, corrupt, stain. Attenuation, n. Thinning, diminish2. (Lcas.) Punish by corruption of ing, contracting. blood. Attest, v. a. 1. Witness, certify, enAttar of roses, Oil of roses, ottar of dorse, confirm, ratify, corroborate, suproses, otto of roses. port, authenticate, seal, vouch for, bear Attemper, v. a. 1. Temper, moderate, out, set one's hand and seal to. allay, alleviate, soften, mollify, assuage, 2. Adjure, invoke, call to witness. soothe, qualify, appease. 3. Prove, show, exhibit, manifest, 2. Adapt, suit, fit, proportion. confess. Attempt, v. a..1. Try, assay, essay, Attestation, n. Attesting, authenticamake trial or experiment of. tion, confirmation, testimony, witness, 2. Undertake, go about, set about, proof, evidence, seal. take in hand, endeavor to accomplish. Attic, a. Chaste, classic, classical, pure, Attempt, v. n. Try, strive, endeavor, correct, refined, elegant, polished, in seek, aim, make an attempt, make good taste. essay, do one's best, do all that in one Attic, n. 1. Athenian, Athenian author. lies, strain every nerve, leave no stone 2. Garret, loft, cockloft, upper story. unturned. Atticism, n. Attic idiom or phrase,

Page  33 ATTIC SALT 33 AUTHENTIC elegant or concise expression, happy Audience, n. 1. Hearing. phrase. 2. Auditory, assembly of hearers. Attic salt, Delicate wit. Audience-chamber, n. Divan, counAttire, v. a. Dress, clothe, array, ap- cil-chamber, state-chamber. parel, rig, robe, enrobe, accoutre, equip, Audit, v. a. Examine (as accounts, to fit out, TRICK OUT. ascertain whether they are correct or not). Attire, sn. Dress, clothes, clothing, ap- Audit, n. 1. Examination of accounts. parel, raiment, ARRAY, habit, garb, 2. Final account. gear, costume, habiliment, vesture, Auditor, s. 1. Hearer, listener. vestment, outfit, suit, accoutrement, 2. Examiner of accounts. equipment, toilet, rigging, trappings, Auditory, n. Audience, assembly of TOGGERY, wardrobe. hearers. Attitude, n. 1. Posture (with reference Au fait, [Fr.] Skilful, skilled, expert, to the expression of some sentmnent), at home, in one's element. position. Aulght, se. Any thing. 2. Situation, aspect, phase, standing, Augment, v. a. Enlarge, increase, magpredicament. nify, add to, make larger. Attorney, n. 1. Agent, factor, proxy, Augment, v. se. Increase, grow larger. deputy, substitute. Augmentation, n. Increase, enlarge2. Lawyer, counsellor, counsel, so- ment, extension, addition, accession. LICITOR, advocate, barrister, attorney- Augur, n. Soothsayer, prophet, fortuneat-law, limb of the law. teller. Attract, v. a. 1. Draw, bring into Augur, v. a. Prophesy, conjecture, pre-. proximity, cause to approach. diet, guess. 2. Allure, invite, entice, engage, win, Augur, v. a. Portend, forebode, precaptivate, fascinate, endear, charm, sage, foreshow, foreshadow, prognostienamour. cate, betoken, foretell, predict, proAttraction, n. 1. Attracting, drawing. phesy, be ominous of. 2. Allurement, lure, fascination, Augury, n. 1. Prognostication, progcharm, enticement, witchery, attrac- nostic, prediction, prophecy, vaticinativeness. tion. Attractive, a. 1. Alluring, inviting, en- 2. Omen, sign, auspice, portent, preticing, fascinating, captivating, charm- sage, prognostic, precursor, forerunner, ing, winning, bewitching, enchanting, harbinger, herald. engaging, interesting, prepossessing, August, a. Imposing, awful, solemn, taking, pleasing, pleasant, lovely, sweet. venerable, majestic, stately, pompous, 2. Magnetic, magnetical. great, regal, noble, dignified, kingly, Attributable, a. Ascribable, imputa- princely, magnificent, superb. ble, referrible, chargeable, traceable, Auld ]ang synce, [Scotch.] Antiquity, owing, to be charged, to be attributed, old times, former times, days of yore, to be imputed. the olden time, time gone by, days gone Attribute, v. a. Ascribe, assign, refer, by. impute, consider as due. Aureate, a. Golden, yellow, gold-colored. Attribute, an. Quality, property, charac- Aurelia, n. (Eset.) Chrysalis, pupa, teristic, peculiarity. nympha.. Attrition, a. Abrasion, friction, rub- Aureola, n. [L.] Halo, glory. bing. Auricle, n. Pavilion, external ear. Attune, v. a. 1. Set to a tune, make Aurora, n. 1. (Mythdl.) Goddess of musical. Morning. 2. Tune, accord, harmonize, modu- 2. Daybreak, dawn, morning, MORN, late, put in tune. sunrise, break of day, opening of day, At variance, Quarrelling, bickering, at peep of day, first blush of the morning. odds. Aurora borealis, [L.] Northern lights, Auburn, a. Nut-brown, chestnut-col- polar lights. ored, reddish-brown. Auspice, n. Omen, AUGURY, sign, porAuction, sn. Vendue, cant, public sale, tent, presage, prognostic. auction sale. Auspices, ns. pl. Favor, influence, patAuctioneer, n. Vendue-master. ronage, protection, support. Audacious, a. 1. Bold, daring, fear- Auspicious, a. 1. Prosperous, successless, courageous, intrepid, venturesome, ful. fortunate, lucky, happy, red-lettr,-. dauntless, undaunted, valiant, stout- 2. Propitious, promising, favorable, hearted. seasonable, opportune, golden, bright. 2. Presumptuous, assuming, forward, Austere, a. 1. Rough (to the taste), sour impudent, insolent. and astringent. Audaciousness, a. AUDACITY. 2. Severe, rigid, strict, formal, stiff, Audacity, n. 1. Boldness, daring, fear- rigorous, harsh, stern, difficult, hard, lessness, courage, intrepidity, venture- uncompromising, unrelenting,.relentsomeness, hardihood. less, ascetic, straight-laced. 2. Impudence, insolence, imperti- Austerity, n. Severity, rigor, sternness, nence, sauciness, effrontery, presumptu- harshness, asceticism. ousness, presumption, assurance, face, Authentic, a. 1. Genuine, real, true, front, brass, CHEEK. veritable, pure, uncorrupted, unadul3

Page  34 AUTHENTICATE 34 AVID terated, not false, not spurious, not Available, a. 1. To be availed of, to be fictitious, not apocryphal, what it pur- turned to account. ports to be. 2. Serviceable, useful, profitable, ad2. Trustworthy, RELIABLE, authori- vantageous, beneficial. tative, of approved authority, to be 3. Suitable or fit (for some puerpose), -depended on, worthy of belief. likely to answer the end. Authenticate, v. a. Verify, seal, attest, Avant-courier, is. Harbinger, forerungive credit or validity to, prove to be ner, herald. genuine. Avan.t-guard, n. Van, advanced guard. Authentication, n. Verification, attes- Avarice, s. Penuriousness, cupidity, tation, seal, confirmation. niggardliness, closeness, covetousness. Authenticity, n. 1. Genuineness. Avaricious, a. Miserly, penurious, par2. Trustworthiness. simonious, sordid, illiberal, niggardly, Author, n. 1. Originator, inventor, mercenary, close, stingy, mean, graspmaker, creator, father, former, con- ing, close-fisted, hard-fisted, cOVETOUS, triver, first cause. eager for gain (for the sake of hoarding 2. Writer, composer. it). Authoritative, a. 1. Official, corn- Avast, interj. (Naut.) Hold, stop, stay, manding, by authority, Ex CATHE- enough..DRA. Avaunt, interj. Hence, begone, be off, 2. Dictatorial, imperative, imperious, get you gone. magisterial, oracular, peremptory, dog- Avenge, v. a. 1. Take satisfaction for, matic. award just punishment for. Authorities, n. pl. 1. Magistrates, 2., Revenge, vindicate (by punishment officials, persons in office. of an offender), inflict punishment in 2. Precedents, decisions, judgments. behalf of. Authority, n. 1. Power, sovereignty, 3. [So used by the translators of the dominion, empire, government. Bible.] Take revenge upon, treat re2. Rule, sway, ascendency, suprem- vengefully. acy, control, influence, interest. Avengemenlt, n. [Rare.] Avenging. 3. Permission, warrant, warranty, Avenue, A. 1. Passage, entrance, entry, liberty, permit, precept, order, author- access, way of approach, passage-way. ization, sanction. 2. Alley, walk, street, road, path. 4. Witness, testimony. 3. Channel, route, way, pass. 5. Credibility, weight of evidence. Aver, v. a. Assert, affirm, declare, as6. Respectability, dignity, weight of severate, protest, avouch, allege, say, character. pronounce, predicate. Authorize, v. a. 1. Sanction, justify, Average, i. 1. Medium, mean proporwarrant, legalize, support by authority. tion, medial sum or quantity. 2. Empower, commission, permit, 2. Mediocrity, medial standard, averallow, give permission to, give leave to, age standard. give authority to. Average, v. a. 1. Equate, reduce to an Autochthonal, Aboriginal, ori- average, rednce to a mean. Autochthonous ginal, primitive, 2. (Coin.) Proportion, distribute proprimeval, pristine, primary, first, portionally. native, indigenous. Average, v. n. Amount to, or result in, Autocracy, it. Dictatorship, absolutism, when the mean is taken. despotism, tyranny, arbitrary power, Average, a. 1. Medial, mean. absolute power. 2. Middling, ordinary, passable, modAutocrat, is. Dictator, despot, tyrant, erate, tolerable, well enough, pretty absolute ruler. well, not bad. Autocratic, a. Absolute, despotic. Avermnent, n. Affirmation, declaration, Automatic, a. Self-moving, self-acting. assertion, remark, asseveration, protesAutopsy, it. 1. Ocular evidence, per- tation, avowal, word. sonal examination. Avernus, n. (Alythol.) Hell, Tartarus, 2. Post-mortem examination. Hades, Erebus, the lower world, the inAutum-an, n. Fall, fall of the leaf. fernal regions, shades below. Auxiliary, a. Aiding, helping, assisting, Averse, a. Unwilling, disinclined, inancillary, subsidiary, helpful. disposed, reluctant, loath, backward, Auxiliary, n. Helper, assistant, coad- adverse, opposed. jutor, adjutant, co-operative, ally, con- Aversion, n. 1. Dislike, distaste, disfederate, right-hand man. relish, disinclination, reluctance, unAvail, va. a. Benefit, profit, be of advan- willingness, repugnance, backwardtage to. ness. Avail one's self of, Use, employ, take 2. ANTIPATHY, hatred, loathing, disadvantage of, turn to account, make gust, nausea, detestation, abhorrence, use of. horror. Avail, v. n. Be of advantage, do good, Avert, v. a. 1. Turn aside, turn away, be of use, answer the purpose. turn off. Avail, i. Profit, advantage, benefit, 2. Prevent, divert, preclude, FO0Eo use, utility service. FEND, ward off, keep off. Avails, n. pl. Proceeds, profits, returns. Avid, a. [Rare.] Eager, greedy.

Page  35 AVIDITY 35 BACCHANAL Avidity, n. 1. Eagerness, longing, Awe, v. a. Overawe, intimidate, frighten, yearning, intense desire. affright, daunt, cow, inspire with awe. 2. Greediness, craving, voracity, ra- Awe-struck, a. Dismayed, horrified, pacity, voraciousness, ravenousness, appalled, terrified, frightened, paniccanine appetite. stricken, horror-struck. Avocation, n. Occasionalbusiness (busi- Awful, a. 1. Venerable, august, grand, ness that calls aside). stately, imposing, solemn, majestic. Avoid, v. a. 1. SHUN (in a negative 2. Dread, dreadful, fearful, horrible, sense, or denoting care only without posi- horrid, terrible, dire, direful, frightful, tive exertion), eschew, escape, blink, appalling, tremendous. elude, keep away from, keep aloof from, 3. [ Vulgar.] Ugly, homely, unkeep out of the way of, withdraw from, sightly, ill-looking. keep clear of, be shy of, fight shy of, Awhile, ad. For a time, for some time, have nothing to do with. some time, for a while. 2. Forbear, help, refrain from. Awkward, a. 1. -Unskilful, bungling, Avoset, n. Scooper. unhandy, maladroit, inapt, without Avouch, v. a. Affirm, assert, asseverate, dexterity. declare, protest, allege, say, maintain. 2. Unwieldy, unmanageable, inconAvow, v. a. Acknowledge, confess, own, venient, unfit, lumbering. profess, declare, affirm. 3. Uncouth, unrefined, unpolished, Avowal, n. Acknowledgment, confes- uncourtly, rude, rough, clumsy, coarse, sion, declaration, profession, manifesto. wooden, inelegant, ungainly, untoward, Await, v. a. I. Expect, abide, wait for, ungraceful, stiff, constrained, uneasy, stay for, look for, be in readiness for. rustic, boorish, clownish, loutish, gaw2. Attend, be in store for, be prepared ky, lubberly, slouching. for, be ready for. Awned, a. (Bot.) Aristate, bearded. Awake, a. 1. Not asleep. Awning, n. Canopy, tilt. 2. Attentive, watchful, vigilant, Awry, ad. 1. Obliquely, asquint, asalive, on the alert. kance. Awake, v. a. & it. AWAKEN. 2. Perversely, wrong. Awaken, v. a. 1. Awake, wake, rouse Awry, a. Oblique, slanting, distorted, from sleep. crooked, wry. 2. Arouse, excite, kindle, spur, incite, Axilla, is. [L. pl. Axillk.] (Anat.) Armstimulate, provoke, stir up. pit. Awaken, v. n. Wake, waken, be awak- Axiom, n. 1. Truism, self-evident propened, be roused from sleep. osition, intuitive truth, necessary truth. Awakening, n. Revival. 2. Postulate, established principle Award, v. a. Adjudge, decreee. (not of necessity truse), proposition comAward, n. Judgment decree, adjudica- monly received, assumed truth. tion, dcetermination, decision. Axiomatic, a. Self-evident, cerAware, a. Mindful, conscious, cogni- Axiomatical, tain, positive, absozant, observant, apprised, sensible, con- lute. vinced, persuaded. Axis, n. Shaft, spindle, arbor. Away, ad. 1. Absent, gone, off, from Ay, ad. Yes. home, at a distance, not present. Aye, 2. Begone, let us go. Aye, ad. [Poetical.] Always, for ever. Away with, Take away. Azote, n. Nitrogen. Awe, n. 1. Reverence, veneration, rev- Azure, a. Blue, cerulean, sky-colored, erential fear. sky-blue. 2. Dread, fearfulness. Az-ure, n. Blue, sky-color. B ]Babble, v.. 1. Prattle, jabber, chatter, 2. Garrulity, loquacity, loquacioustalk inarticulately. ness, talkativeness. 2. Prate, chat, gossip, palaver, tattle, Babe, n. Infant, baby, nursling, suckling, be loquacious, talk idly or thought- chit, brat, bantling, BAIRN, little one. lessly. Babel, s. Confusion, disorder, tumult, Babble, v. a. Tell (foolishly), prate, pother, hurly-burly. utter, prate about. Baby, s. Infant, BABE. Babble, a. Prattle, palaver, chit-chat, Babyhood, n. Infancy. gabble, twaddle, chatter, balderdash, Baccalaureate, n. Degree of bachelor platitude, fiummery, wish-wash, stuff, of arts. moonshine, fudge, trash, nonsense, Baccate, a. (Bot.) Of a pulpy nature small talk, idle talk, childish or foolish (lik7e a berry). talk, frothy discourse. Bacchanal, n. Reveller, carouser, bacBabbling,'n. 1. Prattle, BABBE. chanalian.

Page  36 BACCHANAL 36 BALKY Bacchanal, a. Riotous, revelling, noisy, Bad blood, Rancor, venom, bitterness,bacchanalian. acrimony, harshness, sternness, asperBacchanalian, a. and a. BACCHANAL. ity, crabbedness, churlishness, moroseBacchanals, n. pl. Revelry, revels, ness, sullenness, ill temper. orgies, carousal, debauch, drunken Bad faith, Perfidy, dishonesty, unfairfrolic, potation, compotation, wassail, ness, faithlessness, want of faith, breach Saturnalia, drunken feasts. of faith. Back, n. 1. Upper part, outer part. Badge, n. Mark of distinction, token 2. Hinder part. of office, sign of authority. Back, a. 1. Remote. Badger, v. a. Persecute, tease, worry, 2. Hindmost, in the rear. harry, annoy, vex, plague, harass, tor3. In a backward direction. ment, pester, trouble, bother, hector. Back, ad. 1. To the place of starting. Badinage, n. [Fr.] Raillery, banter, 2. Backward, rearward, abaft, in the ASTEISM, light talk, small talk, trifling rear, towards what is behind. or playful discourse. 3. In return, in recompense. Baffle, v. a. 1. Disconcert, frustrate, Bacl, v. a. 1. Assist, aid, second, sup- foil, elude, balk, circumvent. port, countenance, favor, sustain, abet, 2. Confound, bewilder, perplex, outside with, stand by, take part with, give general, out-manceuvre. support to, co-operate with, back up. Bag, n. Sack, pouch. 2. Move backward. Bagatelle, n. [Fr.] Trifle, small matter, Backbite, v. a. Defame, traduce, thing of no consequence or importance. malign, slander, revile, calumniate, Baggage, n. Luggage, bag and baggage. libel, lampoon, asperse, vilify, blacken, Bagnio, nc. 1. Bath, bathing-house. abuse, scandalize, run down, speak ill 2. Brothel, stew, bawdy-house, whoreof. house, house of prostitution, house of Backbiter, n. Slanderer, defamer, tra- ill-fame. ducer, calumniator, libeller. Bail, n. 1. Security, surety. Backbiting, i. Detraction, defamation, 2. Handle (of apail, &c.). aspersion, slander, calumny, contumely, Bail, v. a. Admit to bail. obloquy. Bairn, n. [Scottish.] Child, BABE. Backbone, n. 1. Spine, spinal column, Bait, v. a. 1. Put bait upon. vertebral column. 2. Furnish with a meal. 2. Firmness, nerve, resolution, cour- Bait, v. n. Take refreshment (on a jourage, pluck, hardihood, manhood. ney). Backhanded, a. 1. Inclining to the left Bait, n. 1. Lure, decoy, allurement, enhand (as writing). ticement, temptation. 2. Outward and backward. 2. Refreshment (on a journey). 3. Indirect, unfair. Bake, v. a. 1. Harden (by heat). Back-house, n. Privy, necessary, jakes, 2. Cook (by direct heat). water-closet. Balance, n. 1. Pair of scales. Back out, [Colloquial.] Withdraw from 2. Equipoise, equilibrium, equality a bargain, not keep a promise, not of weight. stand to an engagement. 3. Excess, overplus, surplus. Backslide, v. a. Apostatize, fall off, fall 4. [Low, U. S.] Rest, residue, reaway, break faith. mainder. Backslider, n. Apostate, deserter, rene- Balance, v. a. 1. Poise, keep in equigade. poise, hold in equilibrium. Backsliding, n. Apostasy. 2. Counterpoise, counteract, neutralBack up, Support, sustain, assist, aid, ize, countervail, counterbalance, comhelp, BACK. pensate, make up for. Backward, a. 1. Averse, unwilling, 3. (Com.) Equalize, make equal. reluctant, loath, disinclined, indisposed, Balance-fish, a. Hamlmer-fish, hamwavering, hesitating. mer-headed shark (Zygcena vulgaris). 2. Dull, sluggish, slow, stupid, stolid. Bald, a. 1. Without hair (on the head). 3. Late, tardy, behindhand, after the 2. Unadorned, inelegant, prosaic, usual time. dull, meagre, vapid, tame. Backward, ad. Regressively, rear- Balderdash, n. Verbiage, palaver, Backwards, wards, aback, behind, twaddle, chatter, trash, stuff, moonABAFT..shine, platitude, tiummery, fudge, wishBad, a. 1. Evil, ill, baneful, deleterious, wash, jargon, nonsense, senseless prate, pernicious, mischievous, noxious, hurt- frothy discourse, idle talk. ful, injurious, detrimental, unwhole- Baldric, a. Shoulder belt. some. Bale, a. Bundle, package. 2. Wicked, depraved, abandoned, dis- Baleen, n. Whalebone. hohest, unfair, disingenuous, rascally, Bale-fire, n. Beacon-fire. villanous. Baleful, a. Hurtful, injurious, noxious, 3. Untoward, unlucky, unfortunate, mischievous, pernicious, baneful, ruinunwelcome. ous, deadly, fraught with evil. 4. Vile, wretched, sorry, mean, shab- Balk, v. a. Disappoint, frustrate, deby, scurvy, abominable. feat, foil, baffle, disconcert, thwart. 5. Poor, inferior. Balky, a. [U. S.] Perverse (said of a

Page  37 BALL 37 BARBAROUS horse), unruly, refractory, wayward, Banishment, n. Exile, expatriation, contrary, stubborn, obstinate. ostracism, expulsion, proscription. Bal, n. 1. Globe, sphere. -Bang, v. a. Beat, thump, pound, strike, 2. Dance, entertainment of dancing. knock, maul, pommel, thwack, WAL3. Game of ball. LOP, deal roughly with. Ballad, n. Light poem, sentimental Bankrupt, a. Insolvent. song. Bankrupt, a. Insolvent debtor. Ballast, n. 1. Weight (for steadiness), Bankruptcy, a. Insolvency. ballasting. Banner, A. Flag, standard, streamer, 2. Prudence, discretion, judgment, ensign, pennon, colors. sense, wisdom, TACT, GUMPTION, com- Banquet, n. Feast, entertainment, mon sense. treat. Ballast, v. a. Put ballast into. Banquet, v. n. Feast, be regaled with Ballasting, is. Ballast. good eating and drinking. Ballooning, n. ABronautics, abrosta- Banquet, v. a. Treat with a banquet or tion. feast. Balloonist, n. Aeronaut, aSrial navi- Banter, v. a. Jeer, joke, rally, quiz, gator. ridicule, taunt, twit, deride, mock, Balmy, a. 1. Soothing, refreshing, eas- make fun of, make sport of, make ing, assuaging, lenitive, sedative. merry with, play upon, make a butt of. 2. Fragrant, odoriferous, odorous, Banter, n. Raillery, ridicule, mockery, aromatic, aromatous, ambrosial, spicy, derision, persiflage, pleasantry, BADIsweet-smelling, sweet-scented. NAGE, ASTEISM, joking, jesting, quizBaltimore oriole, Golden robin, hang- zing, frivolous talk, small talk. bird, fiery hang-bird (Icterus Baltimore Bantling, n. Infant, babe, baby, chit, or Oriolus Baltimore). brat, nursling, suckling, BAIRN, little Barn, a. [Low.] Cheat, imposition, im- child, little one, young one. posture, fraud, circumvention, trick. Baptize, v. a. 1. Administer baptism to. Barn, v. a. [Low.] Cheat, BAMrBOOZLE. 2. Christen. Bamboozle, v. a. Deceive, cheat, dupe, Bar, n. 1. Obstacle, hinderance, obbeguile, mislead, inveigle, gull, trick, struction, barrier, BARRICADE, stop, chouse, overreach, circumvent, defraud, impediment. diddle, BAI.. ail, railing. Ban, n. 1. Proclamation, edict. 3. Tribunal, judgment-seat. 2. Curse, malediction, excommunica- 4. Body of lawyers. tion, denunciation, execration, anath- Bar, v. a. 1. Fasten with a bar. ema. 2. Hinder, obstruct, stop, prevent. Band, a. 1. Tie, ligature, ligament. 3. Exclude, shut out. 2. Cord, chain, fetter, manacle, shac- Barb, ni. 1. Beard (or excrescences like kle, bond. a beard), wattles. 3. Bandage, fillet, binding. 2. Horse (of the Barbary breed). 4. Company (especially of instru- Barbadoes tar, Petroleum, rock-oil, meintal musicians), troop, gang, crew, Seneca oil, mineral pitch, mineral tar, horde, party, body; club, junto, COTE- mineral oil. RIE, CLIQUE, society, sodality, associa- Barbarian, n. 1. Savage. tion. 2. Brute, ruffian, brutal monster. Bandage, n. Fillet, band, binding. Barbarian, a. 1. Uncivilized, rude, Bandit, A. Outlaw, robber, brigand, savage, BARBAROUS, barbaric. freebooter, footpad, highwayman, ma- 2. Inhuman, brutal, cruel, unfeeling, rauder. ruthless, truculent, ferocious, fierce, Banditti, A. pi. Band of outlaws or fell, bloody, brutish. robbers. Barbaric, a. 1. Foreign, outlandish, Bandy, v. a. 1. Toss, toss about, toss exotic, not native. to and fro. 2. Barbarian, barbarous, uncivilized, 2. Exchange, interchange, give and rude, savage. take. Barbarism, n. 1. Incivility, rudeness, Bane, n. 1. Poison, venom. savageness, Vandalism, Gothicism, bar2. Pest, scourge, curse, ruin. barous state, uncivilized condition. Baneful, a. 1. Poisonous, venomous. 2. Vulgarism, slang, unauthorized 2. Destructive, noxious, hurtful, in- expression. jurious, pernicious, mischievous, bale- Barbarity, a. Cruelty, savageness, ful, deadly, ruinous, fraught with brutality, brutishness, ferociousness, evil. ferocity, inhumanity, truculence, hardBanewort, n. Belladonna, dwale, dead- ness of heart, manners of a barbarian. ly-nightshade (Atropa Belladonna). Barbarous, a. 1. Uncivilized, rough, Banging, a. [Low.] Huge, large, great. coarse, rude, untutored, ignorant, unBanian, n. (Bot.) Indian fig-tree (Ficus lettered, uncultivated, savage, barIndicus). barian, barbaric. Banish, v. a. 1. Exile, expatriate, os- 2. Cruel, inhuman, brutal, brutish, tracize, expel from the country. ferocious, ruthless, fell, truculent, fierce, 2. Exclude, shut out, drive away, put bloody. out of mind. 3. Uncouth (as a word or an expres

Page  38 BARBED 38 BATTLE sion), harsh, vulgar, contrary to good ful, discreditable, dishonorable, scandausage. lous, infamous. Barbed, a. 1. Bearded. Base, it. 1. Basis, foundation, ground, 2. Clad in armor. groundwork, lowest part. Barberry, n. Pepperidge-bush. 2. (Surveying.) Base-line. Bard, n. 1. Poet, minstrel. 3. (Chem.) Principal element (of a 2. Caparison, horse-armor, trappings compound). for a horse. Base-born, a. BASE, of low birth. Bare, a. 1. Naked, nude, denuded, un- Base-line, it. (Surveying.) Base. covered, unclothed, undressed. Baseanent, n. Ground-floor, lowest 2. Simple, sheer, mere. story. Bare, v. a. Strip, uncover, make bare. Base-iminded, a. Mean, low, vile, groBarefaced, a. 1. Undisguised, unre- velling, beggarly, pitiful, despicable, served, unconcealed, palpable, conspic- abject, low-minded, mean-spirited. uous, glaring, notable, notorious. Baseness, c. 1. Meanness, vileness, des2. Impudent, presumptuous, shame- picableness, contemptibleness, abaseless, audacious. mnent, worthlessness, abjectness. Barely, ad. Merely, simply, only. 2. Disgrace, ignominy, infamy, Bargain, n. 1. Compact, agreement, shame, dishonor, turpitude. stipulation, covenant, contract, conven- Bashful, a. Shy, timid, timorous, coy, tion, concordat, treaty, indenture. diffident, sheepish, shamefaced, over2. Cheap purchase, purchase on fav- modest, not self-possessed. orable terms, good bargain. Bashfulness, n. Shyness, timidity, coyBargain, v. it. Contract, agree, stipu- ness, diffidence, self-distrust, excessive late, covenant, make a bargain. modesty. Barilla, a. Carbonate of soda (inepure), Basilisk, c. Cockatrice. kelp. Basis, n. Base, foundation, ground, Bark, v. n. Yelp. groundwork, lowest part. Bark up the wrong tree, [Colloquial.] Bask, v. ci. Lie in the sun, be exMistake, err, make a mistake, BE IN posed to a pleasant heat. THE WRONG BOX. Bask, v. ca. Expose to sunshine or to a Barm, n. Yeast, ferment, leaven. pleasant heat. Barmy, a. Yeasty. Bass, a. (llus.) Low, deep, grave. Barren, a. 1. Unprolific, incapable Of Basset, v. n. (Geol.) Crop out. bearing offspring, not prolific. Bassetting, n. Cropping out, out-crop. 2. Unfertile, fruitless, unproductive, Bastard, n. Love-child, illegitimate sterile, ACARtPOUS. child, natural child. 3. Scanty, not copious. ]Bastard, a. 1. Illegitimate. Barricade, n. Obstruction (as in the 2. Spurious, false, counterfeit, not streets of a city to serve as a fortifica- genuine. tion), BARRIER. Baste, v. a. 1. Beat (with a sticl), cudBarricade, v. a. Obstruct, block up, gel, cane, drub, thrash. stop up. 2. Moisten with fat. Barrier, n. Obstruction, obstacle, hin- 3. Sew (with long stitches). derance, bar, BARRICADE, stop, imped- Bastinado, n. Cudgelling or beating (on iment. the soles of the feet). Barrister, c. Advocate (admitted to Bastinado, v. a. Cudgel or beat (on the plead at the bar), counsellor, counsel, soles of the feet). lawyer, attorney, SOLICITOR, attorney Batch, n. Certain quantity (as of bread, at law, limb of the law. ore, &c., treated at one time). Barrow, n. 1. Wheelbarrow. Bate, v. a. Abate, lessen, diminish, de2. Mound, hillock. crease, reduce, rebate, remit. 3. Hog (especially a castrated hog). Bathe, v. a. Wash, lave. Barter, v. n. Make exchanges, traffic by Bathe, v. n. Wash the body, go into a exchanges. bath, take a bath. Barter, v. a. Give in exchange, barter Bathos, n. Anticlimax. away. Bating, prep. Except, excepting. Barter, n. Exchange, traffic by ex- Batten, n. Thin strip. change. Batten, v. a. 1. Fasten with battens. Barter away, BARTER. 2. Fatten, make fat. Baryta, c. Oxide of barium. Batten, v. ic. Grow fat. Barytes, n. Heavy spar, sulphate of Batter, va. a. 1. Beat, smite, pelt, dash baryta. against. Base, a. 1. Ignoble, plebeian, vulgar, 2. Bruise, break, shatter, shiver, untitled, nameless, unhonored, base- smash, demolish, destroy, strike down, born, of low birth. knock down, shake to pieces, shiver to 2. Vile, low, mean, despicable, con- pieces. temptible, beggarly, abject, grovelling, Batter, v. n. (1liasonry.) Slope backsordid, servile, slavish, menial, sorry, ward. worthless, pitiful, low-minded, ras- Batter, n. (iliasoccry.) Slope backcally. ward. 3. Shameful, disreputable, disgrace- Battle, cn. Combat, engagement, action,

Page  39 BATTLE ARRAY 39 BEAT BACK conflict, contest, fight, rencontre, colli- Bear, n.. BRItuN. sion, skirmish, brush, affair. Bearable, a. Tolerable, endurable, supBattle array, Order of battle. portable. Bawble, n. Trinket, gewgaw, toy, trifle, Bear a hand, (Naut.) Be quick, make plaything, gimcrack, knack, knick- haste. knack, JIGGUMBOB. Beard, v. a. Defy, challenge, dare, take Bawd, in. Procurer, pander, pimp. or pluck by the beard, oppose to the Bawdy, a. Obscene, filthy, indecent, face. impure, smutty, lewd. Bearded, a. 1. Barbed. Bawdy-house, n. Brothel, stew, bag- 2. (Bot.) Aristate, awned. nio, whore-house, house of prostitution, Bear date, Be dated. house of ill fame. Bear down, Overwhelm, oppress, crush. Bawl, v. i. Hoot, shout, vociferate, yell, Bear down upon, ATTACK, assail, ashowl, roar, cry, squall. sault, charge, march upon, march Bay, a. Reddish-brown. against, set upon, rush upon, fall Bay, n. 1. Bight, inlet of the sea. upon. 2. Recess (as in a room), opening. Bear-grass, n. Yucca, Adam's needle, 3. Compartment. Spanish bayonet. 4. Bay-tree, laurel-tree (Laursus no- ]Bearing, n. 1. Deportment, demeanor, bilis). behavior, conduct, carriage, mien, air, Bay, v. n. Bark. port. Bayberry, n. Wax-myrtle (Myrica ce- 2. Relation, dependency, connection, rifera). 3. Endurance, suffering. Baye-rumn, n. Spirit of Myrcia (rum dis- 4. Direction, course, aim, aspect, tilled with the leaves of Myrcia acris). point of compass. Bays, n. pi. Crown, garland, wreath, Bearings, ns. pt. Charges (in coats of honorary distinction. arms). Bay-salt, n. Common salt (as obtained Bearish, a. Rough, rude, coarse, savyby evaporation of sea-water), chloride age, boorish, uncivil, uncourteous, disof sodium. courteous, impolite, ungentlemanly. Bay-tree, n. BAY, laurel-tree. Bear one's self, Behave, acquit one's Bazaar, ci. Market-place. self, conduct one's self. Be, v. it. Exist (whether in fact or in Bear out, Maintain, support, defend, imagination), subsist, have existence, uphold, justify, make good. have being. Bear the bell, Be the leader. Beach, it. Shore, coast, strand, sea- Bear the cross, Take up the cross, subboard, seacoast. mit to trials or afflictions. Beacon, n. 1. Signal-fire. Bear the palm, Excel, be superior. 2. Mark, sign, signal. Bear up, 1. (Active.) Support, uphold; Beak, cn. 1. Bill, mandible, neb. sustain, keep from falling. 2. Prow, bow, stem. 2. (Passive.) Stand firm, show fortiBeam, n. 1. GIRDER, piece of timber. tude. 2. Ray, pencil, streak, gleam, GLIar- Bear with, Endure, BEAR, tolerate, put MER. up with, have patience with. Beam, v. n. Shine, emit rays. Bear witness, Testify, depose, state, Beam, v. a. Shoot forth, emit in rays or affirm, declare, aver, avow, say, SWEAR. beams. Beast, a. BRUTE (fit for the service of Beamy, a. Radiant, beaming. man), quadruped, beast of the field, Bear, v. a. 1. Uphold, support, sustain, four-footed animal, irrational animal. hold up. Beastly, a. Brutish, brutal, bestial, 2. Carry, transport, convey, waft. sensual, irrational. 3. Possess, have, hold. Beat, v. a. 1. Strike, knock, hit, thump, 4. Endure, suffer, undergo, brook, belabor, drub, maul, pommel, BASTE, tolerate, abide, put up with, bear with, thrash, thwack, bang, lay blows upon. take patiently or easily, have patience 2. Hammer, forge. with, submit to. 3. Pound, bruise, pulverize, commi5. Admit, permit, allow, admit of, be nute, bray, break in pieces. capable of. 4. Batter, smite, pelt, dash against. 6. Maintain, keep up, carry on. 5. Conquer, overcome, subdue, van7. Entertain, cherish, harbor. quish, overpower, defeat, checkmate. 8. Be answerable for, be charged 6. [ColloquLial.] Excel, surpass, outwith. do, cut out. 9. Produce, yield. Beat, v. n. 1. Pulsate, throb. 10. Generate, beget, bring forth, give 2. Dash, strike. birth to. 3. (Naut.) Go against the wind, go 11. Exhibit, utter, show, give. a zigzag course. Bear, v. n. 1. Suffer, submit. Beat, n. 1. Stroke, striking, blow. 2. Press, push, be oppressive. 2. Pulsation, throb, beating. 3. Be fruitful, be prolific. 3. Round, course. 4. [Rare.] Imply, intimate. Beat all hollow, [Low.] Surpass com5. (Ncaut.) Be situated (with respect pletely, excel beyond all question. to the point of compass). Beat back, Repulse, repel, drive back.

Page  40 BEAT DOWN 40 BEETLE-HEADEDBeat down, 1. Batter, overturn, de- er pettychaps, garden warbler (Sylvia stroy, break, throw down. hortensis). 2. Subdue, overpower, overcome, Be called, Be named, go by the name crush, put down. of, take the name of, pass under the 3. Press down (by blows), lay fiat. name of. Beaten, a. 1. Worn by use, much trav- Becalm, v. a. 1. Quiet, soothe, calm, elled. tranquillize, pacify, make calm, make 2. Hackneyed, trite, common, com- tranquil. mon-place. 2. Detain by a calm (as a ship). Beatific, a. Ravishing, enchanting. Be cast away, 1. Be thrown aside. Beatification, n. 1. Beatifying (espe- 2. Be shipwrecked. cially the act of the pope in declarieng a Because, conj. 1. For, since, as, for the person happy after death). cause that, for the reason that, on this 2. Bliss, BEATITUDE. account that, inasmuch as. Beatify, v. a. Enrapture, enchant, 2. On account, by reason. transport, enravish, make happy. Beche-de-mer, n. [Fr.] Trepang, seaBeating, is. 1. Striking, drubbing, flog- cucumber, sea-slug. ging, thrashing, cudgelling, pommel- Beck, n. Nod, bow. ling, caning, flagellation, BASTINADO. Beckon, v. is. Make a sign, give a sig2. Beat, pulsation, throb, throbbing. nal. Beat into, [Colloquial.] Teach (by labor- Beckon, v. a. Call by a sign or signal. ious effort), instil, inculcate, implant. Becloud, v. a. Dim, bedim, obscure, Beatitude, n. Happiness, bliss, felicity, darken, cloud. blessedness, blissfulness, beatification, Become, v. n. 1. Be. transport, rapture, heavenly joy. 2. Change to, be changed to, be conBe at loggerheads, Come to blows, fall verted into, get to be, come to be. to loggerheads, go to loggerheads. Become, v. a. Suit, befit, be suitable Beat out, 1. Flatten (by hammering). to, be proper for, be appropriate to. 2. Exhaust, overcome (with fatigue). Becoming, a. 1. Fit, proper, suitable, Beat the air, Make vain efforts, try in meet, appropriate, congruous, right, vain, lash the waves, fish in the air, seemly.' milk the ram. 2. Comely, graceful, neat, pretty. Beau, n. 1. Fop, dandy, coxcomb, ex- Become of, Be the fate of, be the end quisite, macaroni, popinjay, jacka- of, be the final condition of. napes, jack-a-dandy, man of dress. Be confined, 1. Be restrained, be shut 2. Gallant, lover, admirer, suitor, up, be shut in. sweetheart, CICISBEO. 2. Be brought to bed, lie in, be in Beau ideal, [Fr. Ideal beauty, ideal child-bed. excellence, ideal standard. ]Bed, n.'1. Couch, BERTH, resting-place, Beau-nonde, n. [Fr.]'Gay world, fash- place to sleep in. ionable world, people of fashion, genteel 2. Raised plot (of ground). people. 3. Layer, stratum, seam, vein. Beauteous, a. [Poetical.] BEAUTI- Bed, v. a. Embed. FUL. Bedaub, v. a. Smear, daub, besmear, Beauties, n. pl. 1. Anthology, selec- soil, daub over. tions, elegant extracts. Bedeck, v. a. Adorn, decorate, embel2. Beautiful persons (especially beau- lish, beautify, ornament, deck, emblatiful women). zon, gild, array, garnish, grace, BEBeautiful, a. Handsome, fair, fine, ele- DIZEN, set out, set off, TRICK OUT. gant, graceful, PRETTY, BEAUTEOUS. Bedew, v. a. Moisten, wet, damp, Beautify, v. a. Adorn, decorate, embel- dampen. lish, deck, bedeck, BEDIZEN, ornament, Bedim, v. a. Darken, dim, obscure, emblazon, gild, array, garnish, grace, cloud, becloud. set, TRICK OUT, set off, make beautiful. Bedizen, v. a. Adorn (gaudily), deck, Beauty, n. 1. Elegance, grace, sym- BEDECK. metry. Bedlam, n. Madhouse, lunatic hospital, 2. Comeliness, seemliness, fairness, lunatic asylum, hospital. for the inloveliness, attractiveness. sane. 3. Fine part, special grace, particular Bedlamite, n. Madman, lunatic, maexcellence. niac, crazy person, insane person. 4. Beautiful person (especially a Bedouin, n. Nomadic Arab. beautiful woman). Bedridden, a. Confined to the bed. Beaux-esprits, n. pl. [Fr.] Men of wit, Beef, i. Flesh of neat-cattle. men of genius. Bee-house, n. Apiary, beehive. Beaver, s. 1. Fur of the beaver. Bee-line, n. Straight line, right line, 2. Hat. shortest distance, most direct line. 3. Face-guard (of a helmet). Bee-moth, is. Wax-moth. Be beat out, Be exhausted, be fagged, Beetle, v. a. Protrude, project, jut, jut be greatly fatigued. out, hang over. Be brought to bed, Be confined, lie in, Beetle-head, a. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE. be in child-bed. Beetle-headed, a. Dull, stupid, obBecafico, i. Fig-eater, fig-pecker, great- tuse, foolish, senseless, witless, insensi

Page  41 BEEVES 41 BELABOR ble, sluggish, slow of apprehension, Begin, v. a. Commence, institute, orivoid of understanding. ginate, enter upon, set about, set on Beeves, n. pl. Neat-cattle. foot, set in operation. Befall, v. a. Betide, overtake, happen Beginner, n. Tyro, novice. to. Beginning, it. 1. Commencement, outBefall, v. n. Happen, occur, take place. set, opening, start. Befit, v. a. Suit, fit, become, be suita- 2. Origin, source, rise. ble or proper for, be appropriate for. Begird, v. a. 1. Gird, bindwith a girdle. Befitting, a. Becoming, suitable, fit, 2. Surround, encompass, environ, proper, right, meet, seemly, appropri- encircle, enclose, engird. ate, congruous. Begone, inte7j. 1. Depart, go away, Befool, v. a. Infatuate, dupe, deceive, haste away, be off, get thee gone. delude, cheat, chouse, trick, diddle, 2. Away, let us go, let us be off. hoax, stultify,. hoodwink, circumvent, Begrudge, v. a. Grudge, envy the posoverreach, beguile, bamboozle, impose session of. upon, practise upon, play upon, make Beguile, v. a. 1. Delude, cheat, dea fool of. ceive, BEFOOL. Before, prep. 1. Preceding. 3. Divert, amuse, entertain, cheer, 2. Prior to, previous to. solace. 3. In the presence of, face to face Behalf, n. Benefit, advantage, profit, with. interest, account, behoof. 4. Near the front of, in front of. Be hanged, Come to the gallows. Before, ad. 1. Toward the front. Behave, v. n. Act, conduct one's self, 2. In advance, farther onward. demean one's self, acquit one's self, be3. Formerly, in time past, of old. have one's self. 4. Hitherto, up to that time. Behave one's self, BEHAVE. 5. Above, in a former part. Behavior, is. Deportment (on particular Beforehand, ad. Previously, in anti-' occasions), CONDUCT, bearing, demeancipation, in advance. or, carriage, manner, mien, air, port. Beforehand, a. Forehanded, in com- Behead, v. a. Decapitate, decollate, fortable circumstances (as respects prop- deprive of the head. erty), well off, well to do. Beheading, a. Decapitation, decollaBefore the wind, With the wind, in tion. the direction of the wind. Behest, n. Command, commandment, Befoul, v. a. Soil, pollute, daggle, drag- mandate, order, precept, inj unction, digle, foul, bemire, dirty. rection, charge, bidding. Befriend, v. a. Favor, encourage, pat- Behind, prep. 1. ABAFT, at the back ronize, countenance, assist, help, aid, of, in the rear of. benefit, act as a friend to, do a good 2. After, following. turn for, be kind to. Behind, ad. 1. Backward, back. Beg, v. a. 1. Crave, solicit, beseech, 2. ABAFT, aft, ASTERN, rearward, implore, supplicate, conjure, pray for, in the rear, at the back. petition for, seek by petition, ask ear- Behindhand, a. Backward, late, tarnestly. dy, after the usual time. 2. Assume, take for granted, consider Behind the curtain, Hid, concealed, as true. in concealment. Beg, v. is. Solicit charity, askialms. Behold, v. a. See, observe, view, desBeget, v. a. 1. Generate, procreate, en- cry, discern, look upon, set one's eyes on. gender, breed, get, be the father of. Behold, interj. See, look, observe, lo. 2. Produce, originate, give rise to. Beholden, a. Obliged, indebted, grateBeggar, n. Mendicant, pauper, starve- ful, thankful, under obligation. ling, poor or indigent person. Beholder, n. Observer, spectator, lookBeggar, v. a. 1. Impoverish, ruin, ren- er-on. tier poor, reduce to poverty, bring to Behoof, ni. Advantage, benefit, profit, want. interest, account, behoof. 2. Surpass, exceed, go beyond, be Behoove, v. a. Become, befit, beseem, above, put at fault, show to be inade- be fit for, be proper for, be meet for. quate. Be in earnest, Be serious, be not jestBeggarly, a. 1. Destitute, indigent, ing. needy, poor. Being, 1. Existence, subsistence. 2. Sorry, mean, abject, base, low, 2. Creature, substance, thing. paltry, shabby, vile, scurvy, miserable, Be in the ascendant, Have superior contemptible, despicable, pitiful, pitia- influence, have commanding influence. ble, servile, slavish, grovelling, base- Be in the wrong box, Mistake, err, minded, low-minded, mean-spirited. make a mistake, BARK UP THE WRONG Beggary, s. Poverty, indigence, pen- TREE. ury, destitution, want, distress, men- Be it so, 1. Suppose it to be so. dicancy, mendicity. 2. Amen, so be it, let it be so. Begin, v.n. 1. Originate, arise, take rise. Belabor, v. a. Thump, beat, strike, 2. Commence, make a beginning, knock, lay blows upon. take the first step, break ground, break Belabor, v. a. Thuinp, beat, strike, the ice. knock, lay blows upon.

Page  42 BELATED 42 BENEVOLENCE Belated, a. Retarded, hindered, made 5. Be a resident of, have a legal resilate. dence in. Belay, v. a. (Naut.) Fasten, make fast. Beloved, a. Dear, darling, much loved. Belch, v. a.. 1. Eject (as wind frons the Below, prep. 1. Under, beneath, unstomach), discharge. derneath. 2. Throw out violently, cast forth. 2. Unbecoming, unworthy of. Belch, v. n. 1. ERUCTATE, eject wind Below, ad. 1. Under, beneath, underfrom the stomach. neath. 2. Be ejected violently. 2. On the earth. Belching, ns. Eructation. 3. In hell, in the lower regions, in Beldam, n. Hag, Jezebel, virago, vixen, the regions of the dead. fury, she-monster, ugly old woman. Belt, n. Girdle, cincture cestus, band. Beleaguer, v. ca. Besiege, invest, beset, Belnire, v. a. Daggle, draggle, befoul, lay siege to. foul, dirty, soil. Bel-esprit, n. [Fr. pl. Beaux-esprits.] Bemoan, v. a. Bewail, lament, deplore, Wit, man of wit, man of genius. moan over, mourn over, express sorrow Belfry, s. Campanile. for. Belial, sn. Satan, DEVIL, Apollyon, Bemnused, a. Stupefied, confused, bearch-fiend. wildered, msuzzY, half-drunk. Belie, v. a. 1. Falsify, misrepresent, Bench,?z. 1. Long seat. represent falsely. 2. Court, tribunal, body of judges. 2. Give the lie to, convict of false- Bend, v. a. 1. Curve, crook, bow, inhood, show to be false, charge with curvate, make crooked. falsehood. 2. Direct, turn towards, incline toBelief, n. 1. Credence, credit, confi- wards. dence, trust, reliance, persuasion, 3. Exert, apply earnestly, direct atFAITH. tentively. 2. Doctrine, tenet, dogma, opinion, 4. Subdue, cause to yield, bring to creed, article of faith, profession of submission, make submissive. faith. 5. (Naut.) Fasten, make fast. Believe, v. a. Credit, give credit to, Bend, v. so. 1. Crook, be crooked, be think to be true, give faith to, put faith bent, be curved. in, rely upon, make no doubt of, put 2. Lean, incline, turn. confidence in. Bend, n. 1. Curve, curvity, curvature, Believe, v. n. 1. Exercise faith, have flexure, angle, elbow, crook, incurvafaith, have a firm persuasion. tion, ARCUATION. 2. Think, suppose, conceive, fancy, 2. Bight, coil. apprehend, imagine, hold, OPINE, be Beneath, prep. 1. Under, underneath, of opinion, entertain the idea, takle it. below. ]Belike, ad. [Colloqsuial.] Probably, per- 2. Unbecoming, unbefitting, unworhaps, mayhap, it may be, it is likely. thy of. Belladonna, st. Banewort, dwale, Beneath, ad. Below. deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna). Benedict, n. Married man. Belle, is. Beautiful young lady, fair Benediction, is. Blessing, benison, indamsel. vocation of happiness. Belles-lettres, n2. pl. [Fr.] Polite litera- Benefaction, is. Gift, donation, grature, elegant literature, the humanities. tuity, grant, offering, contribution, Belligerent, a. 1. Carrying on war, boon, present, alms, charity. engaged in war, waging war. Benefice, so. Ecclesiastical living. 2. Of belligerents. Beneficence, s. Charity, bounty, liber3. Warlike, hostile. ality, generosity, alms-giving, active Belligerent, so. Belligerent state or goodness, ldnd action, doing of good. nation. ]Beneficent, a. Bountiful, munificent, Bellow, v. n. 1. Roar (as a beast). liberal, generous, bounteous, princely, 2. Vociferate, clamor, yell, howl, cry, kind. bawl, make a loud outcry. Beneficial, a. Useful, profitable, adBell-peplpe, so. Red pepper (of the gar-. vantageous, helpful, serviceable, saluden. Capsicuns annu2? sno). tary, good, for one's advantage, for Bell-shaped, a. (Bot.) Campanulate. one's good, for one's interest. Belly, n. 1. Abdomen, paunch. Benefit, n. 1. Favor, service, act of 2. Convexity, swell, swelling, bulge, kindness, good turn, kind office. protuberance. 2. Advantage, profit, avail, gain, Belly-ache, sn. Colic, pain in the bowels. good, utility, behalf, behoof, account, Belong to, 1. Be the property of, be interest. possessed by. Benefit, v. a. 1. Befriend, help, serve, 2. Regard, appertain to, pertain to, do good to, be useful to, advance the relate to, refer to, be related to, have interest of, confer a favor on. reference to. 2. Profit, advantage, avail, be of ad3. Be appendent to, constitute a part vantage to. of, be connected with. Benevolence, a. Kindness, benignity, 4. Be incumbent on, be the duty of, kind-heartedness, humanity, tenderdevolve on. ness, charitableness, good-will, disposi

Page  43 BENEVOLENT 43 BETITMES tion to do good, milk of human kind- Beshrew, v. a. Execrate, wish evil to, ness. implore a curse upon. Benevolent, a. Kind, benignant, be- Beside, p rep. 1. Near, close to, at nign, kind-hearted, obliging, humane, -Besides, the side of, by the side of. tender, charitable, disposed to do good. 2. Except, save, over and above, in Benighted, a. 1. Overtaken with night. addition to, distinct from. 2. Involved in darkness. 3. Aside from, out of the way of, out Benign, a. 1. Kind, benevolent, gra- of the course of, not according to. cious, complaisant, humane, obliging, 4. Out of, not in possession of. benignant, good, amiable, friendly, Beside, } ad. 1. Moreover, yet, too, kind-hearted, tender-hearted, of a gen- Besides, also, furthermore, more than tle disposition. that, over and above, in addition. 2. (Mled.) Mild, of a mild nature. 2. Else. Benignant, a. Kind, BENIGN. Besiege, v. a. Surround (with a nilitary Benignity, n. 1. Kindness, gracious- Jbrce), beset, beleaguer, invest, lay siege ness, benevolence, complaisance, hu- to. inanity, amiability, amenity, friendli- Bes-mear, v. a. Bedaub, daub, smear, ness, kind-heartedness, fellow-feeling, soil, bespatter, daub over. good feeling, good humor, good temper, Beset, v. a. Infatuate, stultify, stupefy, obliging manner. befool, make sottish, make foolish. 2. [Rare.] Mildness. Bespatter, v. a. Spatter (with som1eBenison, n. Blessing, benediction. thing filthy), bedaub, BE, SMEAR. Benne, n. Sesame, oil-plant. Bespeak, v. a. 1. Order, speak for beBent, n. Disposition, inclination, tend- forehand. ency, turn, PENCHANT, leaning, bias, 2. [Rare.] Forebode, foretell, predict. propensity, proclivity, predisposition, 3. Indicate, imply, proclaim, declare, predilection, partiality, liking, fond- betoken, show. ness, proneness, appetency. Best, a. 1. Most good, most excellent, Bent, a. Crooked, hooked, bowed, superlatively good, good in the highest' curved, aduncous, ARCUATE, INCUR- degree. VATE. 2. Most- wise, most judicious, most Benumb, v. a. Stupefy, paralyze, dead- expedient. en, blunt, make torpid, render insensi- Best, ad. 1. Most of all, in the highest ble. degree, beyond all others. Be of opinion, Think, believe, conclude, 2. With most propriety, most profitjudge, suppose, imagine, fancy, deem, ably or advantageously, to the greatest WEEN, OPINE, hold, entertain the idea, advantage. take it. 3. Most intimately, most thoroughly, Be on the carpet, Be under considera- most completely. tion, be upon the tapis. 4. With the highest qualification, by Bequeath, v. a. Leave, demise, devise, the clearest title. will, give by will. Best, n. 1. Highest perfection. Bequest, ai. Legacy, devise. 2. Utmost, greatest effort, highest enBerate, v. a. 1. Scold, chide, reprl- deavor, the most that can be done. mand, rate. Bestial, a. Beastly, brutal, brutish, ir2. ABUSE, vilify, defame. rational, sensual. Bereave, v. a. Deprive (of something Bestir one's self, Labor, work, toil, that cannot be restored), dispossess, di- strive, fall to work, exert one's self, vest, take away from. rouse one's self, trouble one's self, busy Bereavement, i. Deprivation, loss (es- one's self, take pains, be busy, be pecially of friends by death).. active, be quick, BEAR A HAND. Berth, n. (Naut.) 1. Ship's station. Bestow, v. a. 1. Put, place, stow, de2. Bed, place to sleep in. posit, lay up in store. 3. Situation, office, post, employ- 2. Give, accord, grant, impart, CONment, place. FER. Beseech, v. a. 1. Entreat, beg, implore, 3. Use, apply, make use of. supplicate, petition, conjure, ADJURE, Bestower, n. Giver, disposer, donor, pray to. DONATOR. 2. Solicit, ask, petition for, pray for, Bestride, v. a. 1. Straddle, stride over. beg for. 2. Ride upon astraddle. Beseem, v. a. Become, befit, be proper Bet, is. Wager, stake. for, be appropriate for, be meet for. Bet, v. 1. Wager, lay a wager, make a Be seized of, Possess, have possession bet. of, be possessed of. Bet, v. a. Stake, pledge, wager, lay, wage. Be selfish, Indulge one's self, coddle Betake one's self, Resort, repair, apone's self, consult one's own wishes, in- ply, have recourse. terest, or pleasure; take care of, or look Bethink one's self, Consider, reflect, after, number one; have an eye to the take thought. main chance. Betide, v. a. Befall, overtake, happen Beset, v. a. 1. Surround, encompass, en- to, come to. viron, encircle, enclose, besiege, hem in. Betime, } ad. Seasonably, early, before 2. Embarrass, perplex, entangle. Betimes, it is too late.

Page  44 BETOKEN 44 BILBO Betoken, v. a. 1. Signify, denote, indi- 4. Farther than. cate, represent, typify, imply, prove, 5. Above, superior to. show, argue. Beyond, ad. Yonder, at a distance. 2. Prefigure, foreshow, foreshadow, Bias, n. Inclination, bent, leaning, tenportend, augur, presignify. dency, predilection, prepossession, proBetray, av. a. 1. Deliver up (by breach clivity, proneness, propensity, partialof trust), give up treacherously. ity, prejudice, disposition, predisposi2. Violate the confidence of, disclose tion, turn, PENCHANT. the secrets of, deceive by treachery. Bias, v. a. Influence, incline, prejudice, 3. Discover, divulge, reveal, tell, blab, dispose, predispose. show, make known. Bible, n. [Used with The prefixed.] 4. Mislead, lure, insnare, entrap, in- The Scriptures, the Old and New Tesveigle. taments, the sacred volume. Betroth, v. a. Afiance, pledge in mar- Biblical, a. Scriptural. riage, engage to marry. Bibliomlania, n. Book-madness. Betrothment, it. Engagement. Bibulous, a. Spongy, porous. Better, a. 1. More good, more excellent, Bichloride of mercury, Corrosive subgood in a higher degree. limate. 2. More useful, more valuable. Bicker, v. n. 1. Wrangle, dispute, 3. Preferable, more desirable, more quarrel, spar, spat, jangle, squabble, acceptable. TIFF, have words, have an altercation. 4. More fit, more appropriate, more 2. Quiver, be tremulous. suitable. Bickering, n,. Dispute, quarrel, wran5. Improved in health, less ill. gle, wrangling, jangle, jarring, jang6. More familiar, more intimate. ing, sparring, altercation, dissension, Better, n. 1. Superiority, advantage. contention, strife, war of words. 2. Improvement, greater good. Bid, n. Offer (of aprice), bidding, pro3. Superior. posal. Better, ad. 1. In a superior manner, Bid, v. a. 1. Command, order, require, in a more excellent way, more fully, charge, enjoin, direct. more completely. 2. Offer, propose, proffer, tender. 2. With greater advantage, more 3. Pronounce, declare, utter. usefully or profitably. Bidding, n. 1. Command, order, direc3. More, in a higher degree. tion, injunction, precept, behest, requiBetter, v. a. Improve, amend, emend, sition, mandate, appointment. meliorate, ameliorate! reform, make or 2. Offer (of aprice), bid, proposal. render better. Bide, v. a. 1. Endure, suffer, tolerate, Better-half, n. [Colloquial.] Wife. bear, put up with, submit to. Bettering, n.* Improvement, amend- 2. Abide, await, wait for. ment, melioration, amelioration. Bid fair, Seem likely, offer a good prosBetween, prep. BETWIXT. pect, present a fair prospect, make a Betwixt, prep. [Nearly obsolete.] Be- fair promise. tween. Big, a. 1. Great, large, huge, bulky, Be upon the tapis, Be under consider- massive, massy. ation, be on the carpet. 2. Haughty, arrogant, proud, pomBevel, n. Chamfer. pous, important, swelling, blustering, Bevel, v. a. Chamfer. assuming, self-conceited, self-sufficient. Beverage, a. Drink, potion. 3. Pregnant, ENCEINTE, with child, Bevy, n. 1. Flock, covey. in the family way. 2. Company (especially of women), Big-bellied, a. Large-bellied, greatparty. bellied, pot-bellied, tun-bellied, abdoBewail, v. a. Bemoan, lament, deplore, minous. mourn for, mourn over, express sorrow Bight, n. 1. [NVaut.] Bend, coil. for. 2. Bay, inlet, cove. Bewail, v. n. Mourn, lament, sorrow, Bigot, n. Zealot, fanatic, enthusiast, grieve. dogmatist. Beware v. a. Mind, take care, be cau- Bigoted, a. Prejudiced, crotchety, multious. ish, intolerant, narrow-minded, wrongBewilder, v. a. Perplex, confound, con- headed, self-opinionated, over-zealous, fuse, embarrass, puzzle, stagger, pose, creed-bound, wedded to an opinion. nonplus, mystify, entangle. Bigotry, n. Prejudice, intolerance, Bewilderiment, n. Perplexity, embar- blind zeal. rassment, confusion, entanglement. Big-sounding, a. High-sounding. Bewitch, v. a. Charm, fascinate, en- Big-wig,na. [Colloquial.] Personofconchant, captivate, transport, enravish, sequence. enrapture, entrance. Big-wigged, a. Consequential, pomBe with child, Be pregnant, be big, pous, self-important. be EN'CEINTE, be in the family way. Bijou, n. [Fr.] Jewel, trinket, elegant. Beyond, prep. 1. On the further side of. ornament. 2. Before, at a distance before. Bijoutry, n. Jewelry, jewels, trinkets. 3. Remote from, out of the reach of, Bi-labiate, a. (Bot.) Two-lipped. out of the grasp of. Bilbo, n. Rapier, short sword.

Page  45 BILBOES 45 BLACKGUARD Bilboes, n. pl. Shackles, fetters, gyves, sharp, peppery, stinging, high-flavored, chains., high-seasoned. Bile, n. Gall. 2. Severe, sarcastic, cutting, caustic. Bileduct, n. Biliary duct, hepatic duct. 3. Cold, freezing, nipping, piercing. Biliary calculus, Gall-stone. Bitter, a. 1. That tastes like wormBiliary duct, Bileduct, hepatic duct. wood. Bilk, v. a. Deceive (by not fulfilling an 2. Fierce, savage, cruel, merciless, engagement), disappoint, elude. relentless, virulent, fell, ruthless. Bill, is. 1. Beak, mandible, neb. 3. Severe, harsh, stern. 2. Account, charges, reckoning, score. 4. Distressing, painful, grievous, sor3. Statement of particulars. rowful, afflictive, poignant, calamitous. 4. Draft of a law, projected law. Bitter-apple, n. Colocynth, coloquinBill of exchange, Draft. tida, bitter-cucumber. Billet, n. Note, short letter. Bitter-cucumber, f. BITTER-APPLE. Billet, v. a. Assign (to a lodging place, Bitterness, n. 1. Bitter taste. as soldiers, by a billet), apportion, allot, 2. Spleen, gall, rankling, rancor, distribute, quarter, place in lodgings. heart-burning, animosity, hatred, malBillet-doux, n. [Fr.] Love-letter. ice, malignity, spite, enmity, ill-will. Billing and Cooing, BLANDISHAIEI NT. 3. Asperity, acerbity, severity, harshBillingsgate, n. Ribaldry, BLACK- ness, acrimony, ill-temper, bad blood. GUARDISaM, foul or profane language. 4. Distress, pain, grief, sorrow, afBillow, n. Wave, surge, breaker. fliction, heaviness, regret, despondency. Bin, n. Bunker, crib. Bitter-sweet, n. Woody nightshade Binary, a. Dual, double, consisting of (Solanum dlulcamara). two. Bivalve, a. Two-valved, bivavular. Bind, v. a. 1. Confine, restrain, restrict, Bivalved, a. Two-valved, bivalvular put bonds upon. Bivalvular, a. Two-valved, BIVALVE. 2. Enwrap, put a bandage upon. Bivouac, n; and v. 2t. Halt for the night 3. Tie, fasten, secure by a bond. (without encamping). 4. Engage, oblige, OBLIGATE, make Bizarre, a. [Fr.] Odd, fantastic, strange, responsible, lay under obligation. singular, whimsical. 5. Confirm, ratify, sanction. Blab, v. a. Betray, disclose, reveal, di6. Put a border round. vulge, let out, speak out. Binding, it. 1. Bandage, band, fillet. Blab, v. it. Tattle, prattle, prate, BLOW, 2. Cover, covering. tell tales, tell a secret, let the cat out Binding, a. 1. Astringent, contracting, of the bag, tell tales out of school. styptic. Blab, nt. Prater, tattler, babbler, tell2. Obligatory, valid. tale. Binoxide, it. Deutoxide. Black, a. 1. Dark, ebon, inky, atraBiography, f. 1. Life, memoir, history mentous, swarthy, murky, dusky, of a person's life. pitchy, dingy, Cimmerian. 2. Biographical' writings. 2. Wicked, atrocious, villanous, heinBird, n. Fowl, fowl of the air. ous, flagitious, diabolic, infernal, hellBirth, n. 1. Nativity, coming into life. ish, outrageous, monstrous, horrible. 2. Lineage, extraction, descent, race, Black, n. 1. Black color. family, line, ancestry. 2. Mourning, black garment. Birthday, n. 1. Natal day. 3. Negro, blackamoor, black man. 2. Anniversary of one's birth. Blackalmoor, n. Negro, BLACK. Bisect, v. a. Cut or divide into two Black art, Magic, conjuration, sorcery, equal parts, cut in halves, halve. NECROMANCY, magical art. Bisection, n. Halving, cutting, or divid- Blackball, v. a. Exclude by black balls, ing into two equal parts. reject by a negative vote. Bishop, n. 1. Prelate. Blackcap, n. Blackcap warbler, mock2. Bustle, tournure. nightingale (Corucca atricapilla). Bishopric, n. Diocese, see, jurisdiction Black-coat, n. Clergyman, minister, or charge of a bishop. divine, pastor, priest. Bison, n. [U. S.] Buffalo. Black-cock, n. Heath-cock, blackBissextile, n. Leap-year. grouse, black-game (Tetrao tetrix). Bit, n. 1. Mouth-piece of a bridle. Blacken, v. a. 1. Darken, make black. 2. Mouthful, morsel, crumb, frag- 2. Vilify, defame, slander, calumniment, scrap. ate, asperse, traduce, malign, abuse, 3. Whit, tittle, jot, iota, particle, revile, rail at, sneer at, run down, atom, grain, mite, ace, scintilla. speak ill of. Bitch, n. Slut, female dog. Blackfish, it. Tautog (Lab? s AmeriBite, v. a. 1. Gnaw, chew, champ. canus). 2. Blast, nip (as frost). Blackfriar, n. Dominican, predicant, 3. Defraud, deceive, cheat, dupe, jacobin, preaching friar. trick, gull, overreach, jockey, cozen, Black-game, i. LAKOBA. chouse, outwit, bamboozle, diddle, im- Black-grouse, J pose upon, beguile, mislead, inveigle, Blackguard, i. Scurrilous or abusive gammon. fellow, person of low character, vile Biting, a. 1. Pungent, piquant, hot, fellow.

Page  46 BLACKGUARD 46 BLEND Blackguard, a. Scurrilous, abusive, Blasphemous, a. Impious, irreverent, contumelious, insulting, ribald, vitu- profane. perative, reproachful, opprobrious. Blasphemy, a. Impiety, irreverence, Blackguardism, i. Ribaldry, billings- profanity. gate, scurrility, indecency, obscenity, Blast, a. 1. Gust, squall, sudden breeze. foul or profane language. 2. Peal, blare, clang. Black hellebore, Christmas rose (Helle- 3. Explosion, outbreak, burst, disborzs niger). charge. Black-jack, n. [Terin used by minners.] 4. Blight, pestilential influence. Blende, zinc-blende, sulphuret of zinc, Blast, v. a. 1. Blight, kill, destroy, ruin, false galena, mock lead. annihilate, wither, shrivel. Black-lead, a. Plumbago, graphite. 2. Rend by explosion. Blackleg, n. Gambler, sharper, swin- Blatant, a. 1. Bellowing, braying. dler. 2. Clamorous, obstreperous, vociferBlack-mail, n. 1. Tribute (paid for ous, noisy. imznuznityfro robbery). ] Blatherskite, sn. [Colloquial, U. S.] I. 2. [U.S.] Hush-money, bribeto keep Blusterer, swaggerer, bully, boaster, silence. vaunter braggart, braggadocio, roisBlack man, Negro, blackamoor, black. terer, huff, drawcansir, noisy fellow. Black Sea, Euxine. 2. BLUSTER, boasting. Black tea, Bohea. Blattering, a. BLUSTERING, swaggerBlackthorn, i. Sloe (Prstnus spinosa). ing, noisy. Blade, n. 1. Leaf. Blattering, n. BLUSTER. 2. Flat part (as of a knife or an oar). Blaze, ls. Flame. 3. Buck, gallant, spark; gay, dashing Blaze, v. n. Flame, burn with a flame. fellow. Blaze, v. a. Publish, proclaim, blazon Blain, sn. Pustule, blister, blotch, sore. make known, noise abroad, spread Blamable, a. Culpable, censurable, abroad, blaze abroad. reprehensible, faulty, blameworthy. BBlaze abroad, BLAZE. Blame, v. a. Censure, reprove, repre- Blazing star, Comet. bend, reflect upon, lay or cast blame Blazon, v. a. 1. Emblazon, emblaze, upon, find fault with, cry out against. adorn with ensigns armorial. Blame, n. Censure, reprehension, ant- 2. Display, exhibit, set forth, make a madversion, reproof, condemnation, im- show of, show off. putation of fault. 3. Proclaim, publish, blaze, make Blameless, a. Irreproachable, unim- known, noise, spread or blaze abroad. peachable, irreprehensible, inculpable, Blazon, n. 1. Blazonry. faultless, guiltless, unblemished, un- 2. Publication, proclamation. spotted, unsullied, undefiled, spotless, 3. Exhibition, show, pompous disstainless, innocent. play. ]Blameworthy, a. Culpable, censur- Blazonry, is. Emblazonry, heraldry. able, reprehensible, faulty, blama- Bleach, v. a. Whiten, blanch, etiolate, ble. make or render white. Blane-fix, n. Permanent white, sul- Bleach, v. n. Whiten, etiolate, grow or phate of baryta (crtificially made). become white. Blanch, v. a. Bleach, whiten, etiolate,'Bleaching powder, Chloride of lime. make or render white. Bleak, a. 1. Cold, chill, chilly, raw, Bland, a. Soft, mild, gentle, not harsh, biting, piercing. Blandishmnent, t. Caressing, caresses, 2. Unsheltered, exposed to cold, exendearment, soft words, expression of posed to wind. affection, billing and cooing. Blearedness, n. Lippitude, dim-sightedBlank, a. 1. Void, empty.. ness. 2. White, of a white color. Blear-eyed, a. Dim-sighted. 3. Astonished, confounded, confused, Bleb, n. 1. Blister, vesicle, little tumor. dumfounded, disconcerted, nonplussed, 2. Air-bubble. struck dumb. ]Bleed, v. n. 1. Lose blood. Blank verse, Unrhymed verse (espe- 2. Lose sap or juice. cially the heroic verse of five feet). 3. Be slaughtered. Blare, n. Noise, sound, roar, peal, blast, Bleeding, n. Phlebotomy, venesection, clang, clamor, uproar. blood-letting. Blarney, n. 1. Flattery, adulation. Blemish, v. a. 1. Stain, sully, blur, 2. Unmeaning talk, smooth phrases. spot, tarnish, mar, injure, taint. Blase, a. [Fr.] Surfeited, cloyed, satiat- 2. Defame, vilify, traduce, ASPERSE, ed, palled, incapable of enjoyment (in calumniate, slander, malign, revile, run conzsequence of excesses). down, speak ill of. Blaspheme, v. a. 1. Speak irreverently Blemish, n. 1. Stain, spot, defect, or impiously of. speck, blur, soil, tarnish, flaw, fault. 2. [Rare.] Revile, calumniate, de- 2. Disgrace, dishonor, reproach, taint. fame, traduce, malign, speak evil of. Blench, v. n. Shrink, flinch, start back, Blaspheme, v. it. Utter blasphemy, give way, lack courage or resolution. speak irreverently of God or of sacred Blend, v. a. Mingle, mix, intermingle, things. commingle, amalgamate.

Page  47 BLENDE 47 BL0OW Bleunde, ni. (3Ain.) Black-jack, sulphu- Bloating, n. Swelling, dilatation, DIret of zinc, mock lead, false galena. LATION, expanding, expansion. Bless, v. a. 1. Ask or implore a bless- Blobber-lip, n. Thick lip. ing upon. Blobber-lipped, a. Thick-lipped. 2. Delight, gladden, make happy. Block, v. a. Obstruct, close, BLOCKADE, 3. Wish happiness to. shut up, stop up, block up. 4. Glorify, exalt, celebrate, magnify, Block, n. 1. Thick and heavy piece (as praise. of woood or stone). Blessed, a. 1. Happy. 2. Wooden mould (on which hats are 2. Holy, hallowed, sacred. nmade). Blessedness, n. Bliss, blissfulness, hap- 3. Simpleton, fool, blockhead, DUNCE. piness, felicity, beatitude, joy. 4. [ U. S.] Mass of houses (in a square Blessing, n. 1. Benediction, benison, or a continuous row). invocation of happiness. 5. (Naut.) Pulley. 2. Good, benefit, advantage, profit, Blockade, v. a. Close (as ports, so as to gain, boon, service. prevent egress or ingress), block, shut Blight, n. Pestilence (among plants), up, stop up. mildew, blast. Blockade, n. Closure (as of a port), Blight, v. a. Blast, wither, shrivel, kill, shutting up, blocking up. destroy, taint with mildew, cause to Blockhead, n. Simpleton, fool, DUNCrE. decay. Blockish, a. Stupid; stolid, heavy, doltBlind, a. 1. Sightless, eyeless, unsee- ish, unintelligent, dull, stockish. ing, stone-blind, stark-blind, unable to Block up, Obstruct, BLOCK. see. Blonde, a. Fair, light, flaxen. 2. Ignorant, undiscerning, unaware, Blood, n. 1. Vital fluid, vital current, unmindful, inattentive, heedless, in- life blood. capable of judging. 2. Kindred, relation, family, consanBlind, v. a. 1. Make blind, deprive of guinity. sight. 3. Royal lineage, royal line. 2. Hoodwinvk, blindfold. 4. High birth, noble extraction. Blind, si. Screen, cover. 5. Hotspur, madcap, fiery fellow. Blind alley, CUL-DE-SAC. Bloodroot, n. BLOODWORT. Blind-coal, a. Anthracite, glance-coal, Bloodshed, n. Slaughter, carnage, hard-coal, stone-coal. butchery, massacre, murder. Blindfold, v. a. Blind, hoodwink, cover Bloodstone, it. 1. Hematite. the eyes of, hinder from seeing (by a 2. Heliotrope. bandage over the eyes). Blood-svucker, n. Leech. Blindfold, a. Blinded (by a bandage Blood-thirsty, a. Cruel, savage, feroover tihe eyes), blindfolded. cious, inhuman, barbarous, barbarian, Blindside, n. Weallness, foible, failing, fell, truculent, ruthless, bloody, mlurdefect, weak side, weak part. derous, bloody-minded. Blink, v. n. Wink, NICTATE, see ob- Bloodwort, is. Bloodroot, red root, red scurely. puccoon (Sainguinarea Casladenzsis). Blink, v. a. Overlook (purposely), dis- Bloody, a. 1. Sanguinary, ensanguined, regard, avoid, evade, pass over, gloss gory. over, shut out of sight, snake no account 2. Murderous, cruel, BLOOD-TEIRSTY. of, not take into account, not mind, Bloody-flux, is. Dysentery. not trouble one's self with, pretend Bloody-minded, a. -BLOOD-THIRSTY. not to see. Bloomn, n. 1. Efflorescence, flower, Bliss, n. Happiness, felicity, blessed- blossom, blow. ness, blissfulness, beatitude, beatifi- 2. Flush, freshness, vigor. cation, transport, rapture, ecstasy, Bloom, v. n. Flower, blossom, put heavenly joy. forth blossoms. Blissful, a. Transported, enraptured, Bloomy, a. Flowery. in raptures, in ecstasies, very happy, Blossom, n. Flower, bloom, blow. full of joy, highly blessed. Blossom, v.n. Flower, bloom, blow. Blister, n. 1. Vesicle, pustule, blain. Blot, v. a. 1. Efface, obliterate, erase, 2. Vesicatory, blistering plaster. cancel, expunge, rub out, blot out, Blister, v. a. Raise blisters on. scratch out, strike out. Blister, v. n. Rise in blisters. 2. Spot, stain, blur, disfigure. Blithe, a. Cheerful, gay, sprightly, live- 3. Tarnish, sully, disgrace. ly, animated, elated, vivacious, joyous, Blot, n. 1. Obliteration, erasure, blotjoyful, merry, mirthful, jocund, sport- ting. ive, airy, buoyant, debonair, blithe- 2. Blur, spot, stain, blemish. some, of good cheer, in high spirits, in 3. Disgrace, cause of reproach. good spirits, full of life, full of spirit. Blotch, sn. Pustule, eruption, pimple, Blithesome, a. Cheerful, gay, BLITHE. blain. Bloat, v. a. Swell, inflate, distend, puff Blow, n. 1. Stroke, knock, rap, pat, up, blow up, make turgid. thump, dab, beat. Bloat, v. n. Swell, be swollen, be in- 2. Calamity, disaster, misfortune, afflated or distended, be puffed or blown fliction. up, become turgid. 3. Bloom, blossom, flower.

Page  48 BLOW 48 BOAST 4. [Low.] SPREE, carousal, drinking kind), error (from thoughtlessness), gross frolic, BLOW-OUT. mistake, bull. Blow, v. n. 1. Move or flow in currents Blunderbuss, n. 1. Short gun (with a (as the wind). large bore). 2. Pant, puff, lose breath, breathe 2. Blunderer, blunderhead, stupid hard. fellow. 3. Flower, bloom, blossom. Blunderer, n. Blunderhead, blunder4. [Low.] BLAB, tell a secret, tell buss, stupid fellow. tales, let the cat out of the bag. Blunderhead, n. BLUNDERER. Blow, v. a. 1i Drive by the wind. Blunt, a. 1. Dull, obtuse, pointless, 2. Force wind upon, direct a current edgeless. of air upon. 2. Abrupt, bluff, gruff, rough, rude, Blow down, Prostrate (by the wind). ungentle, uncivil, ungracious, bearish, Blow off, 1. Drive from shore (by the discourteous, uncourteous, impolite, wind, as a ship). BRUSQUE, not gentle. 2. Detach or scatter (by the wind, as Blunt, v. a. 1. Dull, make dull. fruitfrons trees). 2. Benumb, paralyze, deaden, stupe3. Let off (as steam), suffer to escape. fy, obtund, hebetate; make insensible, Blow out, Extinguish. callous, or obtuse. Blow-out, n. [Colloquial.] Carousal, 3. Moderate, allay, assuage, mitigate, BLOW. quiet, alleviate, soften. Blow up, [Active.] 1. Inflate, fill with Blunt-witted, a. Dull, stupid, stolid, air. doltish, blockish, obtuse, unintelligent, 2. Burst, scatter by explosion, cause unintellectual, shallow. to explode. Blur, n. Blot, stain, spot, blemish, soil, 3. Kindle. tarnish, defect. 4. (Low.) Scold, rate, berate, chide, Blur, v. a. 1. Obscure, darken. reprimand, censure, reprove, blame, 2. Tarnish, stain, blot, sully, spot, scold at. blemish. Blow up, [leuter.] Explode, burst, be Blush, v.n. Redden (in the cheeks), color. scattered by explosion. Blush, n. Reddening (of the cheeks), sufBlow upon, Discredit, blast, taint, bring fusion of the face. into disfavor, make distasteful. Bluster, v. n. 1. Roar (as the wind), Blow-valve, n. Snifting-valve. make a loud noise. Blowzed, a. Ruddy, BLOWZY. 2. Vapor, swagger, bully, BOAST, Blowzy, a. Ruddy, blowzed, tanned, vaunt, swell, domineer, gasconade, play ruddy-faced, high-colored, sun-burnt. the bully. Blubber, n. ~ Whale fat. 3. Make a great ado, make much ado Blubber, vs n. Cry (so as to swell the about nothing. cheeks), whline, whimper, weep. Bluster, n. 1. Boisterousness, noise, tuBludgeon, a. Club, cudgel. mult, turbulence. Blue, a. 1. Azure, cerulean, sky-col- 2. Boasting, swaggering, bullying, ored. blattering, BLATHERSKITE. 2. [Colloquial.] Melancholy, deject- 3. Great ado, much ado about nothed, dispirited, depressed, sad, glum, ing. gloomy, mopish, downcast, desponding, Blusterer, is. Swaggerer, bully, boaster, downhearted, hypochondriac, hypped, braggart, vaunter, BOUNCER, roisterer, chopfallen, low-spirited, cast down, in huff; braggadocio, drawcansir, firethe dumps, with a long face, down in eater, BLATIIERSKITE, noisy fellow. the mouth. Blustering, a. 1. Windy, stormy, temBlue, n. Azure, sky-color. pestuous, squally, gusty. Blue-devils, n. pl. BLUES. 2. Swaggering, boasting, bragging, Blue-fish, ns. Tailor, skip-jack, snap- blattering, pompous, assuming, imporping mackerel ( Temenodon saltator). taut, arrogant, swelling, big, bluff, selfBlues, p. pl. [With The prefixed.] Mel- stficient, self-conceited. ancholy, dejection, depression, despond- Board, is. 1. Plank (thin). ency, hypochondria, dumps, vapors, 2. Table (for food), stand. megrims, low spirits, blue-devils, the 3. Food, diet, provision, fare, victdismals. uals, entertainment, meals. Blue-stocking, is. Literary woman. 4. Conclave, council, committee. Blue-vitriol, n. Sulphate of copper. Board, v. a. 1. Cover with boards. Bluff, a. Blustering, swaggering, bully- 2. Enter or go on board of (a vessel) ing, vaporing, pompous, coarse, rudle, by force. BLUNT, gruff, churlish, bearish. 3. Furnish with meals. Bluff, n. Precipitous bank (especially on Boards, n. pl. [With The prefixed.] The the margine of a river or the sea). stage (of a theatre). Bluff, v. a. [Low.] Repulse (by a bluff Boast, v. a. Brag, vaunt, gasconade, mariner), repel, snub, bluff off, send BLUSTER, crow, crack, flourish, exalt away with a flea in one's ear. one's self, magnify one's self, give one's Blunder, v. n. Mistake (grossly), err self airs, TALK BIG, ride a high horse. (from want of care), make a bull. Boast, v. a. 1. Magnify (unduly), make Blunder, n. Mistake (of the grossest much of, boast of, brag of.

Page  49 BOAST 49 BOND 2. (Sculp.) Shape roughly (as a block Bohea, n. Black tea. of marble). Boil, v.. 1. L. Be agitated by heat. Boast, n. 1. Vaunt, brag, gasconade, 2. Bubble, rise in bubbles. rodomontade, vaporing, bravado, boast- 3. Be ardent, be hot. ing, blustering, swaggering, flourish of Boil, v. a. Seethe. trumpets, much cry and little wool. Boil, a. Furuncle, pustule, gathering, 2. Cause of pride or laudable exulta- inflamed tumor. tion. Boiling, a. Ebullition. Boaster, n. Braggart, braggadocio, Boisterous, a. 1. Roaring, loud, BLUSTERER. stormy. Boastful, a. Boasting, vaunting, brag- 2. Noisy, furious, tumultuous, turging, vaporing, blustering, exulting, bulent, vehement, violent, impetuous. triumphant, cock-a-hoop. Bold, a. 1. Fearless, dauntless, daring, Boasting, n. Vaunt, brag, BOAST. valiant, chivalrous, valorous, doughty, Boast one's self, Exult over-confidently. undaunted, intrepid, courageous, Boat-shaped, a. (Bot.) Cymbiform, brave, heroic, audacious, adventurous, navicular, SCAP1H1OID. manful, manly, stout-hearted, boldBob, v. a. 1. Move with a jerk. spirited. 2. Strike (suddenly and lightly), rap, -2. Confident, assured, free from knock. bashfulness. 3. Clip, cut short. 3. Impudent, insolent, rude, imper4. [Rare.] Steal, purloin, rob, pilfer, tinent, saucy, forward, pushing, assumfilch, cabbage, get by fraud. ing, brazen-faced, bold-faced.'Bob, v. n. IL. Play back and forward, 4. Conspicuous, striking, prominent, have a jerking motion. standing out to the view. 2. Angle (with ajer7cing motion), fish. 5. Steep, abrupt. Bob, n. 1. Jerking motion. Bold-faced, a. Impudent, BOLD. 2. Pendent, hanging appendage. Boldness, n. 1. Fearlessness, dauntBobolink, n. Rice-bird, rice-bunting, lessness, intrepidity, courage, BRAVreed-bird, butter-bird, skunk-bird, ERY, valor, audacity, daring, pluck, skunk-blackbird (Dolichonyx orizyvo- heroism, hardihood, SPUNK. russ). 2. Confidence, assurance, confident Bode, v. a. Betoken, portend, foreshow, mien, freedom from bashfulness. foreshadow, presage, augur, foretell, 3. Impudence, insolence, sauciness, predict, forebode, prophesy, be ominous rudeness, impertinence, effrontery, of. presumption, brass, face, front, CHEEm. Bode, v. na. Forebode, presage. 4. Prominence, striking character or Bodice, n. 1. Corset, stays. quality. 2. Waist (of a dress). 5. Steepness, abruptness. Bodiless, a. Incorporeal, without a Bold-spirited, a. Courageous, BOLD. body. Bole, n. 1. Body (of a tree), stem, Bodily, a. 1. Of the body. trunk. 2. Corporeal. 2. Bolus, large pill. Bodily, ad. 1. Corporeally. Boll, n. Pod, capsule, pericarp. 2. Entirely (as respects the body or Bolt, n. 1. Arrow, dart, shaft. mass), completely, wholly. 2. Thunderbolt, stroke of lightning. Body, n. 1. Material substance, mate- 3. Pin (of large size). rial part (as distinguished from the 4. Sieve. spirit or life). Bolt, v. a. 1. Fasten with a bolt. 2. Carcass, corpse, dead body. 2. Swallow (without chewing). 3. Visible form or frame. 3. Sift, pass through a sieve. 4. Trunk (as distinguished from the Bolt, v. ns. 1. Bounce, start-suddenly, limbs), stem, BOLE. spring out abruptly. 5. Bulk, main part (as distingueished 2. [U. S.] RAT, abscond, withdraw from subordinateparts). (especially J'romn a political party), de6. Person, being, individual, mortal, sert suddenly. creature. Bolt-upright, a. Perpendicular, quite 7. Company, band, party, COTERIE, upright. society, association, corporation. Bolus, a. Bole, large pill. 8. System, summary, general collec- Bombard, v. a. Attack with bombs. tion. Bombardment, a. Attack with bombs. 9. Consistency, thickness, substance. Bombast, is. Fustian, rodomontade, Body coat, n. Dress coat. rant, inflated style, swelling or pomBog, a. Morass, quagmire, slough, fen, pous phraseology. marsh, swamp. Bombastic, a. Inflated, turgid, tumid, Bog-berry, a. Cranberry. swelling, stilted, grandiloquent, pomBoggle, v. n. Hesitate, vacillate, waver, pous, sophomorical, high-flown, highfalter, demur, shrink, hang back, sounding, HIGHFALUTIN. shrink back, hang fire, be in suspense. Bona fide, [L.] Really, truly, actually, Bogtrotter, n. [In derision.] Irishman. sincerely, in good faith, without fraud. Bogus, a. [Cant term, U.S.] Spurious, Bond, n. 1. Band, ligature, cord, chain, counterfeit, false. FETTER. 4

Page  50 BONDAGE 50 BOTHER 2. Obligation, compact. gainly, coarse, rough, unrefined, unBondage, n. Servitude, slavery, thral- courtly, ungraceful, gawky, lubberly. dom, captivity, imprisonment, confine- Boosy, a. BoozY. ment, bond-service, bonds, restraint of Boot, v. a. [Generally used imspersonpersonal liberty. ally.] Profit, benefit, advantage. Bonds,.pl. Imprisonment, captivity, Bootee, n. Bootikin, half boot, short chains, FETTERS, BONDAGE. boot. Bonbon, n. [Fr.] Sweetmeat, sugar- Bootikin, n. BOOTEE, half boot. plum. Bootless, a. Useless, unavailing, fruitBone-ash, s. Bone-earth, burnt bones, less, futile, unprofitable, profitless, earthy matter of bones. valueless, worthless, ineffectual, aborBone-black, n. IVORY-BLACE, animal tive, vain, idle, without avail. charcoal. Booty, is. Plunder (to be used for any Bone-earth, n. BONE-AStE. purpose), spoil, pillage, PREY. Bone of contention, Subject of conten- Boozy, a. [Written also Boosy.] Tipsy, tion, subject of dispute. inebriated, fuddled, disguised, maudlin, Boneset,.. Thoroughwort, fever- mellow, SLEWED, GROGGY, half drunk, wort, ague-weed, Indian sage (Eupato- half seas over. rium zpei:foliatun). Borax, i. TINCAL, bi-borate of soda. Bonhomie, n. [Fr.] Good-nature, Border, n. 1. Edge, rim, brim, verge, easy humor, good-natured simplicity. brink, margin, skirt. Bonito, n. Albicore, horse-mackerel 2. Limit, boundary, confine, frontier. (Thynneus pelamys). Border, v. a. Put a border upon, adorn Bonmot, s. [Fr.] Jest, joke, witticism, with a border, make a border for. witty repartee. Border on, Adjoin, be in contact with, Bonne-bouche, n. [Fr.] Titbit, deli- be coterminous with, 1touch at the side cacy, nice bit, delicate morsel, choice or end of, be contiguous to, border upmorsel, delicious mouthful. on. Bonny, a. 1. Handsome, beautiful, Border upon, BORDER OF. pretty. Bore, v. a. 1. Perforate, pierce, drill. 2. Cheerful, blithe, sprightly, buoy- 2. Weary (by tedious repetition), faant, airy, gay, merry, joyous, jolly, jo- tigue, plague, trouble,- vex, worry, ancund, winsome, buxom, playful, sport- noy. ive, jocose, in good spirits, in high Bore, n. 1. Hole, calibre. spirits. 2. Proser, button-holder. 3. Plump, round, chubby, in good 3. Eagre, great tidal flood. health. Boreal, a. Northern, northerly, arctic. Bon-ton, n. [Fr.] High mode, fashion- Boreas, n. The north wind. able style, style of high life. Born again, Regenerated regenerate, Bonus, is. [L.] Premium, reward. converted, renewed in spirit. Bon-vivant, n. [Fr.] Luxurious liver, Born days, [Low.] Life lifetime. boon companion, jovial companion, Borough, i. Town (EIi England, a jolly fellow. town represetedl in Parliament). Booby,'. 1. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE. Borrow, v. a. 1. Ask the loan of, take 2. (Ornith.) Gannet, noddy, solan or receive as a loan. goose (Sula bassana). 2. Take, appropriate, adopt, make Book, n. Work, volume. use of. Booked up, Posted, well-informed. Bosom, it. Breast. Bookish, a. Given to reading, fond of Bosom-friend, n. Confidant, intimate books, fond of study, very studious. friend, dear friend. Book-keeper, n. Accountant. Boss, n. 1. Protuberance, knob, stud, Book-learned, a. Versed in books. protuberant part. Book-madness,'a. Bibliomania. 2. [Colloquial, U.S.] SuperintendBook-maker, ni. Compiler. ent, overseer, master-workman. Book-making, n. Conlpilation. Boss, v. a. 1. Stud, cover with bosses. Bookstore, n. [ U. S.] Bookseller's shop 2. [Colloquial, U.S.] Direct, overBookworm, n. Great reader or student see, superintend. (without discrimination and without Bossy, s. [Childish term.] Calf. definite purpose). Botch, n. 1. Pustule, blotch, blain, sore. Booley, n. [Irish.] Nomad, wanderer. 2. Failure, miscarriage, bad work, Boom, v. is. 1. Roar, resound. bad job, clumsy performance, bungling 2. Rush, bound, dash forward. piece of work. Boon, is. Gift, present, benefaction, Botch, v. a. 1. Mend awkwardly, grant, offering. patch clumsily. Boon, a. 1. Kind, bountiful, gener- 2. Put together unskilfully, conous. struct in a bungling manner. 2. Gay, merry,jovial, jolly, convivial. Both, a. The two, the one and the Boor, ns. Rustic, clown, hind, lout, lub- other. her, swain, peasant, bumpkin, clod- Both, conj. [Preceding a word or pole, countryman, ploughman. perase which is followed by and; Both - Boorish, a. Rustic, rude, clownish, and.] As well as, not only, but also. loutish, bearish, awkward, clumsy, un- Bother, v. a. Perplex, worry,. harass,

Page  51 BOTHER 51 BRAHMIN trouble, annoy, tease, vex, plague, mo- Bout, n. 1. Turn. lest, incommode, BORE, disturb, pester. 2. [Rare.] Conflict, contest, set to. Bother, n. [Colloquial.] Perplexity, vex- Bow, v. a. 1. Bend, inflect, crook, ination, annoyance, plague, trouble, bore. curvate, curve, make crooked. Botheration, n. [Low.] BOTHER. 2. Incline, turn downward. Bottom, n. 1. Lowest part.' 3. Depress, sink, cast down, bring 2. Foundation, basis, groundwork, down. base. Bow, v. n. 1. Bend, buckle, be inflected, 3. Dale, valley, alluvial land. be bent. 4. Ship, vessel, sailing craft. 2. Incline (in token of respect, rever5. Fundament, seat. ence, or submission), make a bow. 6. Stamina, native strength, power Bow, n. (Naut.) Fore part (of a ship), of endurance. prow, beak; stem. 7. Grounds, lees, dregs, sediments. Bowels, n. pt. 1. Intestines, guts, Bottom, v. a. Found, establish, build. viscera, inwards. Bottom, v. n. Rest (for support), be 2. Inside, interior, interior parts. based. 3. Compassion, pity, tenderness. Boudoir, n. [Fr.] Cabinet, private Bower, n. Arbor, shady recess, shady room, retired apartment. retreat. Bough, s. Branch, limb, shoot. Bow-hand, I. 1. (Archery.) The left Bouilli, n. (Fr.] Stew, boiled meat, hand. stewed meat. 2. (~Music.) The right hand. Bouillon, n. [Fr.] Broth, soup. Bowman, n. Archer, SAGITTARY. Bounce, n. 1. Knock, thump, sudden Bow-window, n. Bay-window. blow. Box, n. 1. Case. 2. Bound, leap, jump, spring. 2. Blow, stroke, cuff. 3. [Colloquial.] Boast, vaunt, brag. Box, v. a. 1. Enclose in a box. 4. [Colloquial.] Falsehood, lie, 2. Strike (with the hand or fist, as the WHOPPER, bouncer. ears), buffet, cuff. Bounce, v. n. 1. Bolt, leap or spring Box-berry, n. Wintergreen, tea-berry, suddenly. partridge-berry, mountain-tea (Gaul2. Rebound, recoil. theria procumbens). 3. Knock, thump, beat. Box-elder, so. Ash-leaved maple (NeBounce, v. a. Thrust, drive against. gundiurn Anzericanuan). Bouncer, n. [Colloquial.] 1. Boaster, Box the compass, Name the points of BLUSTERER, bully. compass in their order. 2. FalsehOod, lie, WHOPPER, bounce. Boy, se. Lad, stripling, male child. 3. Giant, STRAPPER, large person. Boy-servant, n. Page, serving boy. Bouncing, a. [Colloquial.] Stout, lusty, Brace, v. a. 1. Tighten, draw tight, strong, portly, burly, huge, great, strap- make tense, strain up. ping. 2. Strengthen, fortify, support, prop, Bound, ns. 1. Limit, BOUNDARY, bourn, give strength to. border, confine. Brace, n. 1. Couple, pair. 2. Leap, jump, spring, bounce. 2. Prop, support, stay, shore, strut. Bound, v. a. Limit, border, terminate, 3. Bit-stock. circumscribe. Braces, n. pl. 1. Suspenders, gallowses. Bound, v. s. 1. Jump, leap, spring. 2. Straps (on which ca rriage rests). 2. Rebound, spring back. Boyish, a. 1. Of boyhood. Bound, a. [Followed by to or for.] 2. Childish, puerile. Destined, tending, going, on the way. Brachygraphy, n. Stenography, shortBoundary, n. Limit, border, confine, hand. bourn, bound, verge, term, termination. Bracing, a. Strengthening, invigorating. Bounden, a. Obligatory, binding, ap- Brackets, n. pl. (Printing.) Crotchets. pointed. Brackish, a. Saltish, somewhat salt. Boundless, a. Unbounded, unlimited, Brag, v. n. Boast, vaunt, gasconade, unconfined, undefined, immeasurable, bluster, vapor, flourish, exalt one's illimitable, infinite. self, magnify one's self, TALK BIG. Bounteous, a. Liberal, BOUNTIFUL. Brag, a. Boast, vaunt, gasconade, blusBountiful, a. Liberal, munificent, ben- ter, bravado, vaporing, BLATHEReficent, generous, princely, bounteous. SKITE, great cry and little wool. Bounty, n. 1. Liberality, munificence, Braggadocio, n. Boaster, blusterer, beneficence, generosity. vaunter, braggart, BLATHERSIITE, 2. Present, gift, benefaction. gascon, vain-glorious fellow. 3. Premium (for encouragement), re- Braggart, ns. Boaster, BRAGGADoCIO. ward. Braggart, a. BOASTFULT, boasting. Bouquet, n. [Fr.] Nosegay, bunch of Brag of, Boast, vaunt, magnify, exalt, flowers. make much of. Bourgeoisie, n. [Fr.] *Middle classes Brahma, n. (Iltndoo Mythol.) The (especially such as depend on trade). Creator, God. Bourn, n. Bound, limit, confine, bor- Brahman, }. [Written der, BOUNDARY. Brahmin, also Bram Bourse, n. [Fr.] Exchange. H1indoo Priest.

Page  52 BRAID 52 BREAK Braid, v. a. Plait, plat, intertwine, in- Bravo, tnterj. Well done. terweave, interlace, weave together. Brawl, v. a. Quarrel (noisily), dispute Brain-fever, n. Phrenitis. (angrily). Brain-pan, n. Skull, cranium. 2. Roar, resound. Brains, n. pl. Understanding, sense, Brawl, n. 1. Quarrel, wrangle, dismind, reason, intellect, capacity, intel- pute, uproar, broil, altercation, fracas, lectual faculties. squabble, fray, AFFRAY, feud, tunmult, Brake, n. 1. Fern. disturbance, row, BOBBERY, MELEE. 2. Thicket, brushwood, jungle. RUMPUS, outbreak. Brake up, Put down the brakes (to stop Brawny, a. Muscular, sinewy, stala railway train). wart, sturdy, athletic, powerful, strong, Bramah press, Hydraulic press, hy- vigorous, lusty, robust, nervous, strapdrostatic press. ping, Herculean, able-bodied. Branch, n. 1. Bough, limb, shoot. Bray, v. a. Pound (into small pieces or 2. Offshoot, ramification, arm, pro- powder), bruise, crush, grind, comminjecting part. site, triturate. 3. Section, subdivision, part, portion, Bray, v. a. 1. Utter a harsh cry (like article, member. the ass). Branch, v. n. Diverge, ramify, spread 2. Make a harsh sound. in branches, shoot off, branch off. Braying, a. Blatant, bellowing, clamBranch off, Ramify, BRANCH. orous, vociferous, noisy, obstreperous. Branch out, Expatiate, be diffuse, Braze, v. a. Solder with brass. speak diffusely. Brazen, a. 1. Made of brass. BranchiEe, n. pl. [L.] Gills. 2. Bold, BRAZEIN-FACED. Branching, n. Ramification, arbores- Brazen-faced, a. Bold, impudent, ascence. suming, forward, pert, saucy, brazen, Branching, a. Arborescent, arbori- BRASSY, CHEEKY. form, dendriform, dendroid, dendritic. Brazier, n.- 1. Worker or artificer in Brand, a. 1. Fire-brand. brass. 2. Mark (of a hot iron). 2. Pan for coals. 3. Kind, quality. Brazil-root, n. Ipecacuanha, ipecac. 4. Stigma, stain, eproach. Brazil tea, Mat6. 5. [Poetical.] Sword. Breach, n. 1. Break, fracture, rupture, Brand,'v. a. 1. Mark (with a hot iron). opening, chasm, gap, crack, flaw, tis2. Stigmatize, denounce. sure, rent, rift. Brand-goose, nt. Brant, brent (Anser 2. Infraction, violation, infringebernicia). ment, non-observance. Brandish, v. a. Flourish, wave. 3. Quarrel, difference, variance, disBrand-new, a. Quite new, fire-new, agreement, dissension, schism, misunspick and span new, span new. derstanding, alienation, disaffection, Brant, n. Brent, BRAND-GOOSE. rupture, falling out. Brash, a. 1. Hasty, rash, impetuous. Bread, nt. Food (especially food mnade of 2. [Local, U. S.] Brittle, fragile, grain), sustenance, aliment, nutriment, easily broken. nourishment, subsistence, fare, diet, Brass, n. 1. Alloy of copper and zinc. regimen, victuals, viands, provisions. 2. Assurance, boldness, pertness, ef- Breadth, a. Width. frontery, presumption, audacity, for- Break, v. a. 1. Rend, sever, part, diswardness, face, front, CHEEK. part, fracture, tear asunder. Brassy, a. [Colloquial.] Bold, pert, 2. Shatter, shiver, smash, batter, assuming, forward, CHEEKY, brazen, dash to pieces. brazen-faced. - 3. Enfeeble, enervate, weaken, imBrat, s. [Term of contempt.] Child, pair. urchin, bantling, infant, BAIRN. 4. Tame, make tractable, make doBravado, n. Boast, boasting, brag, cile. bluster, BLATHERSKITE. 5. Make bankrupt. Brave, a. Fearless (from temperament), 6. Discard, dismiss, discharge, deCOURAGEOUS, intrepid, daring, un- grade, cashier. daunted, dauntless, valiant, bold, chiv- 7. Violate, infringe, transgress, set at alrous, chivalric, gallant, valorous, nought. doughty, heroic, Spartan, lion-hearted. 8. Lessen the force of (as a fall). Brave, a. 1. [Rare.] Bully, hector, 9. Interrupt, cease, intermit, cut blusterer. short. 2. Indian warrior. 10. Disclose, open, unfold, lay open. Brave, v. a. Defy, dare, challenge, set Break, v. A. 1. Be shattered, be shivat defiance. ered, be dashed to pieces. Bravery, n. Fearlessness (from temper- 2. Burst, explode. ament), COURAGE, intrepidity, audac- 3. Open, dawn, appear. ity, valor, gallantry, daring, boldness, 4. Become bankrupt. spirit, mettle, pluck, manhood, heroism, 5. Decline, low health or strength. SPUNK. Break, n. 1. Breach, opening, gap, fisBravo, n. Bandit, assassin, assassinator, sure, rent, rift, chasm, rupture, fracmurderer, cut-throat, daring villain. ture.

Page  53 BREAK AWAY 53 BRIGHT 2. Interruption, pause, CUESURA. Breeching, n. Breech-band. 3. Dawn, dawning. Breed, v. a. 1. Nourish, nurture, fosBreak away, 1. Escape (against resist- ter, bring up. ance), break loose. 2. Discipline, educate, instruct, 2. Be scattered, be dissipated. train, teach, school. Break-bone fever, Dengue, dandy- 3. Beget, get, procreate, engender, fever. generate, produce. Break bulk, Begin to unload. 4. Originate, occasion, give rise to; Break down, (Active.) Crush, over- be the cause of. whelm, overcome. Breed, v. A. 1. Bring forth young, proBreak down, (Neuter.) Fail, give out. duce offspring. Breaker, a. Wave, surge, billow. 2. Be born, be produced. Break faith, Be faithless, be perfidiouis, Breed, n. Race (of animals), lineage, falsify one's word. pedigree, progeny, stock. Break forth, Issue, burst out, break Breeding, n. i. Nurture, education, out. discipline, instruction, training, schoolBreak ground, Begin, commence opera- ing. tions. ~ 2. Deportment, manners. Break jail, Escape from jail. Breeze, n. Zephyr, air, gentle gale, Break in, 1. Make an irruption. moderate wind, light wind. 2. Intrude one's self, take up the dis- 2. Quarrel, disturbance, commotion, course, begin to speak. noise, tumult, uproar, stir, agitation. Breaking, n. Rupture, fracture. Bregma, n. (Anat.) Sinciput, top of Break of day, Dawn, dawning, day- the.head. break, morning, cockcrowing, mO1RN, Brent, n. Brant, brand-goose (Anser dayspring, peep of day, prime of day, bernicla). first blush of the morning. Brett, n. Britzska. Break off, 1. Be ruptured. Breviary, i. 1. Abridgment, epitome, 2. Desist, cease, stop, leave off. compend, compendium, summary, Break out, Issue, break forth, burst synopsis, syllabus, abstract, digest, out. brief, conspectus, outline, sum and subBreak the ice, Make a beginning, pre- stance. pare the way, open a way. 2. Prayer-book. Breakwater, n. Jetty, pier, mole. Brevipennate, a. (Ornith.) ShortBreak with, Fall out, part friendship winged. with. Brevity, sn. 1. Briefness, shortness. Breast, n. 1. Bosom. 2. Conciseness, terseness, compres2. Heart, conscience, seat of the sion, succinctness, pithiness. affections. Brew, v. a. 1. Prepare by fermentation. 3. Mamma, teat, dug, udder. 2. Contrive, plot, devise, project, Breast, v. a. Face, stem, withstand, hatch, concoct, foment, excite, stir up. oppose, resist, bare the breast against. Brew, v. n. 1. Make beer. Breast bone, n. Sternum. 2. Be gathering, be forming. Breastwork, n. (Fort.) Parapet. Brewery, a. Brew-house. Breath, n. 1. Air inspired and ex- Bribe, n. Reward of treachery. pired. Bribe, v. a. Suborn, gain by a bribe, 2. Life, existence, animation, breath give a bribe to. of life, vital spark. Bridal, a. Nuptial, connubial, hymene3. Respite, pause, rest. al, matrimonial, conjugal. Breathe, v. n. 1. Respire. Bridal, n. Marriage, wedding, nuptials, 2. Live, exist. nuptial festival.. 3. Pause, rest, take breath, have a Bridewell,n. Prison, jail, penitentiary, respite. workhouse, house of correction. Breathe, v. a. 1. Inspire and expire. Bridle, n. Restraint, curb, check. 2. Exhale, emit, give out, throw out. Bridle, v. a. Restrain, control, check, 3. Whisper, utter softly. curb, control, govern. 4. Indicate, manifest, express, show. Brief, a. 1. Short, concise, succinct, comBreathe in, Inhale, drawinto the lungs. pendious, laconic, curT. Breathe out, Expire, force out of the 2. Transitory, fleeting, transient, temlungs. porary, short-lived, ephemeral. Breathing, n. 1. Respiration. Brief, n. 1. Epitome, compendium, sum2. Aspiration, wish, desire, longing, mary, synopsis, syllabus, abstract, craving, yearning. breviary, abridgment, conspectus. Breathing, a. Living, alive, live, not 2. Pontifical letter, papal rescript. dead. 3. (Law.) Writ, precept. Breathing-hole, n. Vent-hole. Briefly, ad. Concisely, in short, in brief, Breathless, a. 1. Out of breath. in a few words. 2. Dead, lifeless, defunct. Brigand, n. Robber, highwayman, freeBreech, a. Hinder part, after part. booter, marauder, outlaw, bandit. Breech-band, n. Breeching. Bright, a. 1. Luminous, shining, reBreeches, n. pl. 1. Small-clothes. splenent, glowing, lustrous, beaming, 2. Trousers, pantaloons, gleaming, radiant, brilliant, effulgent,

Page  54 BRIGHTEN 54 BRUISE refulgent, splendid, beamy, silvery, ar- Brittle, a. Fragile, crumbling, shivery, gent. frail, frangible, BRASH, easily broken 2. Clear, transparent, lucid, pellucid, (into pieces), easily shivered. limpid. Britzska, n. Brett. 3. Illustrious, glorious, famous. Broach, v. a. 1. Pierce, tap. 4. Acute, ingenious, discerning, keen, 2. Utter, publish, proclaim, give out. INITELLIGENT. Broached, a. Tapped, abroach, on tap. 5. Auspicious, promising, propitious. Broad, a. 1. Wide. Brighten, v.a. a. 1. Polish, burnish, fur- 2. Large, ample, extensive, expandbish, make bright. ed, extended, vast. 2. Make cheerful, make joyous. 3. Spread, diffused, open. Brighten, v. is. Grow bright. 4. Gross, coarse, indelicate, vulgar, Brightness, n. i. Lustre, splendor, obscene. brilliancy, radiance, resplendence, ef- Broaden, v. a. Widen, make broad. fulgence. Broadside, n. 1. Cannonade (from all 2. Clearness, transparency, lucidity. the guns on the side of a ship). 3. Acuteness, ingenuity, sagacity, 2. Placard, bill, poster, hand-bill. acumen, astuteness, discernment, moth- Brochure, n. [Fr.] Pamphlet. er-wit, quick parts. Broil, n. Affray, fray, quarrel, contenBrilliancy, n. Splendor, lustre, bright- tion, feud, BRAWL. ness, effulgence, refulgence, radiance, Broken, a. 1. Shattered, rent, severed, shine, sheen, gloss. separated. Brilliant, a. 1. Sparkling, glittering, 2. Weakened, impaired, feeble, shaksplendid, lustrous, shining, bright, en, spent, wasted, exhausted. beaming, radiant, effulgent, refulgent, 3.' Abrupt, craggy, steep, precipitous, resplendent. rough. 2. Illustrious, glorious, celebrated, fa- Broken-hearted, a. Disconsolate, inmous. consolable, comfortless, cheerless, sad, Brilliant, n. Diamond (cut into facets). sorrowful, melancholy, woebegone, forBrim, n. Edge, border, rim, verge, mar- lorn, undone, heart-broken, in despair. gin, skirt. Broker, n. Factor, agent, middleman, Brimful, a. Quite full, full to the brim, go-between. choke full. Brood, v. n. Incubate. Brimstone, n. 1. Sulphur. Brood, n. Offspring, progeny, issue. 2. [Commeercial term.] Cane brim- Brood over, Think long and anxiously stone, roll sulphur, stick sulphur. about. Brinded, a. Brindled, tabby. Brook, in. Rivulet, streamlet, run, RUNBrindled, a. Brinded, tabby. NEL, runlet, rill, BURN, small stream. Brine, n. 1. Salt water. Brook, v. a. Endure, bear, abide, toler2. Sea, ocean, deep, main. ate, suffer, put up with, submit to, bear Bring, v. a. 1. Convey, bear, FETCI. with, take patiently or easily. 2. Produce, gain, be the cause of, be Broom, n. Besom. the means of. Broth, n. Soup (in which meat has been 3. Draw, lead, induce, prevail upon. macerated). Bring about, Effect,. achieve, accom- Brothel, n. Bagnio, stew, bawdy-house, plish, bring to pass. whore-house, house of prostitution, Bring back, 1. Recall. house of ill-fame. 2. Restore, return. Brotherhood, n. 1. Relation of a brothBring down, Humble, abase. er, mutual kindness (as of brothers). Bring forth, 1. Give birth to. 2. Fraternity, ASSOCIATION, sodality, 2. Produce, exhibit, show, expose, society, CLIQUE, coterie, clan, JUNTO. bring out, bring to light, make mani- Brotherly, a. Fraternal, affectionate, fest. kind, amicable, friendly, cordial. Bring forward, Introduce, propose. Brow, n. 1. Forehead. Bring near, APPROXIMATE. 2. Edge (as of a precipice), brink, borBring on, Originate, give rise to. der. Bring out, Produce, expose, show, ex- Browbeat, v. a. Bully, overbear, treat hibit, bring forth, bring to light. insolently. Bring over, 1. Bear across. Brown study, Reverie, musing, abstrac2. Convert, win over. tion, preoccupation, absence, absence Bring to, 1. Check the course of (said of mind. of a ship). Browse, n. Tender twigs of shrubs and 2. Resuscitate, revive. trees. Bring under, Subdue, repress, restrain, Browse, v. a. Nibble, crop, feed upon. conquer, get the better of. - Browse, v.. 1. Feed on browse. Bring up, Educate, instruct, rear, nurse. 2. [Colloquial.] Live precariously. Brink, n. Edge, border, margin, verge, Bruin, a. [Colloquial.] Bear.. brow. Bruise, v.a. 1. Crush, squeeze, contuse. Briny, a. Salt. 2. Break, batter, pound, bray, plilBrisk, a. Active, lively, smart, agile, verize, comminute, triturate, break' to nimble, quick, smart, alert, spry, spir- pieces. ited, vivacious, sprightly. Bruise, n. Contusion.

Page  55 BRUIT 55' BULL-HEAD Bruit, n. Rumor, fame, report, hearsay, Budget, n. 1. Bag (with its contents), town-talk. pack, packet, parcel, package, bundle, Bruit, v. a. Report, noise, blaze or spread roll. abroad. 2. Stock, store, batch, lot, set, assortBrunt, n. Shock, heat of onset. ment, collection. Brush, a. 1. Skirmish, engagement, Buff, n. Buff-skin. rencounter, encounter, battle, contest, Buff, a. 1. Light yellow. fight, conflict, collision, action, affair. 2. Made of buff or buff-skin. 2. Thicket, bushes, shrubs, brush- Buffalo, n. [U.S.] Bison. wood. Buffet, n. 1. Slap, box, knock, rap, Brushwood, n. Underwood, shrubs, blow, cuff. bushes, brush. 2. Cupboard. Brusque, a. [Fr.] Rude, rough, blunt, Buffet, v. a. 1. Beat, box, strike, smite, unceremonious, abrupt, bluff, gruff, un- cuff. gentle, uncivil, ungracious, bearish, dis- 2. Struggle against, contend against. courteous, uncourteous, impolite. Buffle-headed, a. Dull, stupid, doltish, Brutal, a. 1. Savage, ferocious, cruel, foolish, blockish, simple, witless, thickinhuman, unfeeling, barbarous, barba- skulled. rian, fell, barbaric, ruthless, truculent, Buffoon, n. Mountebank, harlequin, bloody, brutish, brute. jester, droll, merry Andrew, punch, 2. Churlish, gruff, bearish, harsh, un- punchinello, clown, zany, scaramouch, civil, rude, rough, impolite, unmanner- fool, antic, jack-pudding, pickle-herly, BRUSQUE, ungentlemanly., ring. 3. Gross, coarse, sensual, carnal, bru- Buffoonery, n. Jesting (of a low sort), tish, beastly, bestial. mummery, foolery, tomfoolery, harleBrutality, n. Savageness, inhumanity, quinade, low pranks, vulgar tricks. barbarity, cruelty, brutishness, ferocity, Buff-skin, n. Buff. truculence, hardness of heart. Bugaboo, n. [Low.] BUGBEAR. Brute, n. 1. BEAST (in a wild state), Bugbear, n. Hobgoblin, spectre, ogre, quadruped, four-footed animal, fero- BUGABOO, POKER, Gorgon, Hydra, cious animal. frightful object, raw head and bloody 2. Ruffian, barbarian, brutal mon- bones. ster. Buggery, a. Sodomy, unnatural carnal Brute, a. 1. Irrational, void of reason. intercourse. 2. Bestial, savage, barbarous, BRU- Build, v. a. Construct, erect, raise, fab-'TAL. ricate. 3. Rough, rude, uncivilized. Build, v. n. Construct edifices. Brutish, a. 1. BRUTAL. Build upon, Depend on, rest on, rely 2. Irrational, brute. upon, calculate upon, reckon upon, 3. Stupid, dull, insensible. count upon. 4. Gross, carnal, sensual, bestial, Building, n. t. Construction. beastly. 2. Structure, edifice, erection, fabric, Brutum fulmen, [L.] Harmless thun- pile. derbolt, loud but harmless threatening, Bulb, n. 1. (Bot.) Scaly bud (like the empty sound. onion and the tulip). Bubble, a. 1. Water bladder. 2. Spherical protuberance. 2. Trifle, bagatelle, small matter. Bulbous, a. 1. (Bot.) Of the nature 3. Cheat, delusion, hoax, false show. of the bulb. Buccaneer, n. Pirate, corsair, sea-ro- 2. Round, roundish, protuberant, ver, sea-robber, freebooter, picaroon. swelling out. Buck, n. 1. Male (of the deer, sheep, Bulbul, n. Persian nightingale (Pycogoat, rabbit, and hare). notus jocosus ). 2. Blade, spark, gallant; gay, dash- Bulge, n. Protuberance, bilge, belly, ing fellow. swell, swelling. Buckish, a. Gay, dashing. Bulge, v.. Protrude, jut out. Buckle, v. a. Fasten with a buckle. Bulk, n. 1. Magnitude, size, volume, Buckle, v. i. 1. Bend, bow. greatness, largeness, bigness, bulkiness, 2. [Rare.] Struggle, contend, strive. amplitude, mass, massiveness, dimenBuckle one's self, Apply vigorously, sions. set one's self earnestly. 2. Body, gross, majority, main part, Buckler, n. 1. Shield, segis. greater part, principal part. 2. Defence, protection, safeguard. Bulkhead, n. (Naut.) Partition, diBucolic, n. Eclogue, pastoral, idyl, pas- viding wall. toral poem. Bulky, a. Large, great, big, huge, vast, Bucolic, P tiof great size or bulk. Bucolical a astoral, rustic. Bull, n. 1. Male of bovine animals. Bud, n. Germ, gem, undevelopedbranch 2. Edict (issued by the Pope), rescript. or flower. 3. Blunder (involving a contradiwBud, v. si. Sprout, shoot, push, germi- tion), gross mistake. nate, vegetate, pullulate, put forth, 4. (Bstron.) Taurus. burst forth, shoot forth. Bull-head, n. 1. Blockhead, simpleBudge, v. n. Stir, move, go. ton, fool, DUNCE.

Page  56 BULLY 56 BURSTING 2. Horn-pout, mud-pout, cat-fish ly, vivacious, animated, spirited, joyful, (Pimelodus cattus). joyous, gay, blithe, blithesome, jocund, Bully, a. Blusterer, swaggerer, vaporer, sportive, elated, jubilant, in good spirhector, fire-eater, Hotspur, mock hero. its, in high spirits, full of life, full of Bully, v. a. Browbeat, overbear, treat spirit. insolently. Burbot, n. Eel-pout (Lota vulgaris). Bullying, a. Blustering, swaggering, Burden, i. 1. Load, weight. vaporing, vaunting, hectoring, bluff,; 2. Cargo, freight, lading. gruff, bearish. 3. Incumbrance, clog, impediment, Bullying, n. Blustering, swaggering, incubus, drag weight, dead weight. bluster, fanfaronade. 4. Chorus, refrain. Bulwark, n. 1. Rampart, redoubt, for- Burden, v. a. Load, overload, overlay, tification. oppress, surcharge, put a burden upon. 2. Security, safeguard, palladium. Burdensome, a. 1. Heavy, oppressive, Bumble-bee, n. Humble-bee. onerous. Bummer, n. [Colloquial U.S.] Raider 2. Troublesome, grievous, hard to (in search oft'provisions), forager. bear. Bump, n. 1. Thump, knock, blow. Bureau, n. 1. Chest of drawers. 2. Swelling, protuberance. 2. Office, counting-room, place of 3. [Colloquial, in allusion to the doc- business. trine of Phrenology that protuberances 3. Department (of Government). on the skull indicate faculties of the Burgall, in. Conner, cunner, CHOGSET, mind.] Faculty, power, endowment, blue perch. gift. Burglary, n. House-breaking (at night). Bump, v. a. Knock, thump, strike, hit. Burial, n. Interment, sepulture, inhuBumpkin, n. Rustic, peasant, clodpole, mation, entombment, burying. clown, boor, hind, lout, lubber, swain, Burial-ground, nit. Cemetery, graveploughlman, countryman. yard, burying-ground, church-yard, neBumptious, a. [Colloquial.] Conceited, cropolis. vain, egotistical, self-opinionated, self- Burin, n. Graver, style. conceited. Burlesque, a. Comic, comical, funny, Bunch, n. 1. Protuberance, hunch, laughable, farcical, ludicrous, jocular, knob, lump. sportive. 2. Cluster (as of grapes). Burlesque, n. Caricature, travesty, 3. Batch, assortment, lot, set, parcel, parody, farce, ludicrous representation. collection. Burlesque, v. a. Caricature, travesty, 4. Tuft, knot. make ludicrous. Bundle, n. Package, pack, packet, par- Burly, a. 1. Stout, lusty, brawny, eel, budget, roll. portly, bulky, strong, STRAPPING, Bundle, v. a. Tie in a bundle, put into BOUNCING. bundles, bundle up. 2. Boisterous, noisy, blustering, Bundle, v. n. 1. Depart hurriedly, set swaggering, bullying, hectoring, coarse off in a hurry. and rough. 2. Sleep together (withount undress- Burn, v. a. 1. Consume with fire, reing). duce to ashes. Bundle off, (Active.) Send off in a hur- 2. Calcine, char, scorch, toast, parch, ry. bake. Bundle up, (Active.) Bundle, wrap up. 3. Injure by fire or heat. Bungle, v. n. Do any thing clumsily. 4. Shrivel, cause to wither. Bungler, n. Lubber, fumbler, clumsy Burn, v. n. 1. Flame, be on fire. workman, bad hand (at any thinzg), 2. Glow, warm, be excited. fresh-water sailor. Burn, n. [Scottish.] Brook, rivulet, Bungling, a. 1. Clumsy, awkward, streamlet, runnel, rivulet, rill, small unhandy, unskilful, maladroit, inapt. stream. 2. Ill-done. - Burning, a. 1. Fiery, flaming, hot, Bunk, n. [Colloquial U.S.] Berth, bed. scorching. Bunk, v. n. [Colloquial U.S.] Lie (in a 2. Glowing, ardent, fervent, fervid, bunk), sleep. impassioned, intense, earnest. Bunker, n. Bin, crib. 3. Vehement, powerful. Bunt, v. n. Butt, strike with the head Burning-glass, n. Convex lens. or the horns. Burnish, v. a. Polish, furbish, brighten, Buoy, n.. Float (to indicate shoals, an- make bright, make glossy. choring places, &c.). Burn one's fingers, Get one's self into Buoy up, 1. Float, keep afloat, bear trouble (as by mneddling in the affairs of up, bear on the surface. others, or by speculation), smart for it. 2. Encourage, embolden, reassure. Burst, v. a. 1. Break open (frons interBuoyancy, n. 1. Lightness, levity, nal pressure), fly open, be rent asunder. specific lightness. 2. Break out suddenly. 2. Vivacity, liveliness, sprightliness, Burst, v. a. Rend asunder, break open. cheerfulness, GAYETY. Burst, i. Explosion, BURSTING. Buoyant, a. 1. Tending to float, light. Bursting, n. Explosion, disruption, 2. Cheerful, hopeful, lively, spright- blast, burst.

Page  57 BURY 57 BY-ROOM Bury, v.. 1. Cover (with earth, &c.), 2. Laughing-stock. cover up. 3. Stroke, blow. 2. Inter, inhume, entomb, inurn, lay 4. Cask. in the grave, consign to the grave. Butt, v. n. Bunt, strike with the head 3. Hide, conceal, secrete, shroud. or the horns. Burying, n. Interment, sepulture, in- Butter-bird, n. Bobolink, rice-bird, humation, entombment, burial. rice-bunting, reed-bird, skunk-bird, Burying-ground, i. Cemetery, grave- skunk-blackbird (Dolichonyx orizyvoyard, BURIAL-GROUND. ruS). Bury the hatchet, Make peace, be re- Butterfly-shaped, a. Papilionaceous. concijed, sheathe the sword, put up the Buttery, n. Pantry. sworn. Buttock, n. Rump. Bush, is. Shrub. Button-ball tree, BUTTON-WOOD. Bushel,?. Four pecks, eight gallons, Button-holder, n. Bore, proser. thirty-two quarts. Button-wood, a. Sycamore, plane-tree, Business, n. 1. Calling, employment, button-ball tree, water-birch (Platanus occupation, pursuit, vocation, profes- occidlentalis). sion, craft, AVOCATION, walk of life. Buttress, n. Shore, prop, support, stay, 2. Trade, commerce, traffic, dealing. brace. 3. Concern, matter, affair, transac- Buxomn, a. Gay, brisk, sprightly, lively, tion. joyous, joyful, buoyant, vivacious, 4. Office, duty, function. cheerful, blithe, blithesome, WINSOME, Buskin, n. 1. Half boot (especially one jocund, sportive, frolicsome, jolly, airy, with high soles, worn by the ancient tra- debonair, in high health and spirits. gedians). Buy, v. a. Purchase, bargain for. 2. Tragedy, tragic drama. Buzz, v. it. 1. Hum, make a humming BBuskined, a. 1. Dressed in buskins. sound (as bees). 2. [Rare.] Tragic. 2. Whisper, murmur. Buss, v. a. [Colloquial.] Kiss. Buzz, n. 1. Hum, humming noise. Buss, o. Kiss, smack. 2. Whisper, murmur. Bustle, v. n. Fuss, stir about, busy By, prep. 1. Through (as the cause, or one's self, be active, be busy, bestir the remote agent), WITH, by the agency one's self, make a fuss, be in a fidget, of, by means of, by dint of. be in a PUCKER, be in a stew, make 2. At, on, by way of. much ado about trifles or about noth- 3. From, according to. ing. 4. Near to, close by. Bustle, n. 1. Stir, Fuss, hurry, flurry, 5. Past. tumult, pother, commotion, ado, TO 6. Along, over. DO. By, ad. Near. 2. Bishop, TOURNUIE. By and by, Presently, soon, before long, Busy, a. 1. Diligent, assiduous, indus- in a short time. trious, sedulous, notable, active, work- By chance, Perhaps, perchance, possibly, ing, hard-working, at work; diligently haply, PERADVENTURE, maybe, it may employed, engaged, or occupied. be, as luck may have it, as it happened. 2. Brisk, stirring, bustling, nimble, By degrees, Gradually, step by step, agile, SPRl, constantly in motion. little by little, by little and little. 3. Meddling, officious, importunate. By dint of, By, by force of, by means Busy, v. a. Occupy, employ, make busy. of, by the agency of. Busybody, a. Meddler, intermeddler, By-end, n. By-purpose, private interest, meddlesome person, officious person. secret purpose, self-interested purpose, But, conj. 1. On the other hand, on the clandestine design. contrary. By far, Very much, in a great degree. 2. Yet, still, however, nevertheless, By fits, Irregularly, fitfully, by fits and moreover, further. starts. 3. Unless, if it were not that, if it be By fits and starts, BY FITS. not that. Bygone, a. Past, gone by. 4. But that, otherwise than that. By hand, With the hands, by the use of BBut, prep. Except, excepting. the hands. But, ad. Only, no more than. By hook or by crook, Somehow or But, n. 1. End (especially the larger other, one way or other, in one way or end), but-end. another, by any means. 2. Bound, boundary, mete. By-name, i. Nickname, SOBRIQUET. Butcher, ea. Slayer, killer, murderer, By one's self, 1. Alone, solitary. slaughterer, assassin, cut-throat. 2. On one's own account, ON ONE'S Butcher, v. a. Kill, MURDER, slay, owN ROOK. slaughter, massacre, ASSASSINATE, des- By-path, n. By-way, private way. patch, put to death. By-place, it. Retired place, out-of-theButchery, o. MURDER, slaughter, mas- way place. sacre, carnage, bloodshed. By-purpose, n. BY-END. But-end, i. Blunt end, but. By-road, a. Private road, unfrequented Butt, n. 1. Mark, object, target, point road. aimed at. By-room, a. Private room, CABINET.

Page  58 BY ROTE 58 CALCULATION By rote, By mere repetition, without By the Job, At a stipulated price (for any exercise of the understanding, the hole job). with no attention to the mean- By the strike, By the level measure. ing. By the way, BY THE BYE. Bystander, n. Spectator, looker-on. By-way, n. By-path, private way. By stealth, Secretly, clandestinely. Byword, n. 1. Saying, saw, maxim, By the board, Overboard, over the adage, proverb, aphorism, apothegm, side. dictum, sententious precept. By the bye, In passing, EN PASSANT, 2. Object of contempt, mark for apropos to the matter in hand, by the scorn. way. 3. Slang, cant term. C Cabal, n. 1. CLIQUE (for some sinister Caesura, n. Pause (in a verse), break. purpose), junto, COTERIE, set, party, Ceeteris paribus, [L.] Other things gang, faction, combination, league, con- being equal, in like circumstances. federacy, CAMARILLA. CafM, n. [Fr.] Restaurant, coffee-house. 2. Intrigue, plot, COIPLOT, conspira- Caitiff, n. Villain, wretch, miscreant, cy, machination. knave, rascal, scoundrel, mean felCabal, v. a. Intrigue, plot, conspire. low. Cabalistic, a. Occult, secret, mysteri- Cajole, v. a. 1. Coax, wheedle, flatter, ous, mystic, mystical, dark. fawn upon. Cabaret, n. [Fr.] Tavern, inn, hotel, 2. Deceive (by flattery), delude, inpublic house, house of entertainment. veigle, entrap, impose upon. Cabbage, v. a. [Colloquial.] Steal, pur- Cajolely, n. 1. Flattery, wheedling, loin, filch, pilfer, make off with. fawning, coaxing, adulation, blandishCabbage, a. 1. Plant of the genus ment, blarney, SOFT SAWDER, SOFT Brassyca. SOAP. 2. [Cant term.] Shreds of cloth, tai- 2. Deceit, deception, imposition. lors' remnants. Cake, v. n. Harden, solidify, concrete, Cabin, n. Hut, hovel, cot, shed, poor become firm or solid. cottage, mean dwelling. Calanine, n. Silicate of zinc (in a minCabinet, at. 1. Closet, boudoir, by-room, eral state). small room, private room, retired apart- Calamitous, a. Disastrous, unlucky, ment. unfortunate, adverse, untoward, un2. Ministry, council, body of advisers. happy, unprosperous, hapless, ill-fated, Caboose, ao. [Written also Camboose.] ill-starred, deplorable, ruinous, miseraCook-room (of a ship), galley. ble, wretched, dreadful, distressful, afCachalot, at. Sperm-whale, spermaceti- flictive, sad, grievous. whale (Physeter macrocephaluss). Calamity, se. Disaster, misfortune, caCachinnation, a. Laughter (loud or im- tastrophe, mishap, mischance, reverse, moderate), laugh, guffaw, horse-laugh. visitation, trial, blow, stroke, trouble, Cackle, v. n. 1. Laugh (with a sound -affiction, adversity, distress, hardship, like the cac7ling of ao goose), GIGGLE, casualty, ill luck, ill fortune. TITTER, SNICKER. Calcareous, a. Limy. 2. Prate, prattle, babble, chatter, pa- Calcareous spar, Iceland spar, Iceland laver, talk idly, talk nonsense. crystal, crystallized carbonate of lime. Cackle, n. Prattle, prate, twaddle, idle Calcine, v. a. 1. Burn, reduce to ashes. talk, small talk. 2. Oxidize, oxidate. Cacoethes, ai. [L.] 1. Bad habit, bad Calculable, a. Computable. custom. Calculate, v. a. 1.,Compute, reckon, 2. (Mled.) Incurable ulcer. estimate, count, rate, cast. Cacophonous, a. Harsh, grating, dis- 2. Adjust, adapt, fit. cordant. Calculate, v. n. Tell, estimate, make a Cacophony, a. Discord, jarring, jar, calculation, make a computation, cast harsh sound. accounts. Cadaverous, a. Pale, pallid, wan, ghast- Calcllate upon, Anticipate, contemly, death-like. plate, foresee, expect, look forward to, Caddice, na Case-worm, cade-worm. look out for, reckon upon, count upon, Caddis, ase-worm,cade-orm. rely upon, depend upon, prepare one's Cadence, n. 1. Fall of the voice. self for. 2. Tone, intonation, modulation of Calculation, n. 1. Computation, reckthe voice. oning. Cade-worm, n. Caddice, case-worm. 2. Investigation, examination, inquiCaduceus, e. [L.] Mercury's rod, Mer- sition, inquiry, scrutiny, exploration, eury's staff. sifting.

Page  59 CALCULOUS 59 CANDID 3. Expectation, expectance, anticipa- 2. Tranquillize, becalm, pacify, aption, contemplation, prospect. pease, assuage, quiet, soothe, soften, 4. Forethought, foresight, circum- mollify, moderate, alleviate. spection, wariness, caution, cautious- Calmness, n. 1. Quietness, tranquilliness, discretion, deliberation, prudence. ty, serenity, repose, peace, stillness, Calculous, a. Stony, gritty. calm, placidity, lull. Calculus, n. 1. (Med.) [L. pl. Calculi.], 2. Mildness, coolness, sedateness, Morbid concretion. composure. 2. [Eng. pl. Calculuses.] Fluxions, Calomel, n. Chloride of mercury, prodifferential and integral calculus. tochloride of mercury, subchloride of Caledonian, a. Scottish, Scotch. mercury. Caledonian, n. Scotchman. Calorific, a. Heating, heat-producing. Calefaction, n. Heating, incalescence. Calumet, a. Pipe of peace. Calembour, ni. [Fr.] Pun, quibble, Calumniate, v. a. Slander, asperse, play upon words. malign, traduce, defame, scandalize, Calendar, it. 1. Almanac, ephemeris, vilify, revile, abuse, lampoon, libel, register of the year. blacken, blemish, accuse falsely. 2. List. Calumniator, n. Slanderer, traducer, Calender, n. Hot press. defamer, backbiter, libeller, lampooner, Calender, v. a. Smooth or glaze (by a detractor. calender.) Calumnious, a. Slanderous, abusive, Calendering, n. Glazing (by a calen- defamatory, contumelious, opprobrious, der). vituperative, scurrilous, insulting. Calibre, n. [Written also Caliber.] Calumny, n. SLANDER (known to be 1. Diameter of the bore. false), defamation, aspersion, backbit2. Bore. ing, detraction, abuses, scandal, oblo3. Talent, ability, faculty, endow- quy, false accusation. ment, parts, genius, compass of mind. Calyx, s. Flower-cup. Calico, n. 1. [Eng.] Cotton cloth. Camarilla, n. [Sp.] CLIQUE, cabal, se2. [ U. S.] Print, printed cotton cloth. cret cabinet, power behind the throne. Caliper-compasses, n.pl. [Writtenalso Camboose, s. CABOOSE. Caliber-comnpasses.] Calipers. Cambrian, a. Welsh. Calipers, n. pl. CALIPER-COnrPAssES. Cambrian, n. Welshman, Cambro-BriCall, v. a. 1. Name, term, denominate, ton. entitle, style, phrase, designate, dub, Cambro-Briton, n. CAMBRIAN. christen. Camelopard, a. Giraffe. 2. Bid, invite, summon, ask to come, Camerated, a. Arched, vaulted, bowed. send for. Camous, a. Flat, depressed (said only 3. Convoke, assemble, convene, mus- of the nose). ter, call together. Camp, n. Encampment. 4. Appoint, designate, elect, ordain, Camp, v. n. Encamp, pitch one's tent, set apart. pitch a camp. 5. Invoke, appeal to. Campanile, n. Belfry. Call, v. ns. 1. Exclaim, cry, cry out, Campeachy wood, Logwood. speak aloud, make appeal. Can, v. n. 1. Be able to, have power to. 2. Make a short visit. 2. Be possible to. Call, n. 1. Invitation, summons. Canada balsam, Balsam of fir, Canada 2. Demand, claim, requisition. turpentine. 3. Short visit. Canada snakeroot, Wild ginger. Calling, n. Occupation, business, pro- Canaille, n. [Fr.) Populace, rabble, fession, pursuit, trade, craft, employ- mob, riffraff, the vulgar, the people, the ment, vocation, AvocATION, walk of crowd, vulgar herd, the ignoble vulgar, life. low people, lowest class of people, the Call on, 1. Invoke, appeal to, pray to, multitude, the million, scum of society, call upon. dregs of society, RAG-TAG-AND-BOB2. Solicit, apply to. TAIL. 3. Make a visit to, pay a visit to. Canard, n. [Fr.] Hoax, absurd or riCallous, a. 1. Indurated, hardened, diculous fabrication. hard. Cancel, v. a. 1. Obliterate, efface, erase, 2. Insensible, unfeeling, apathetic, expunge, blot, blot out, rub out, scratch obtuse, unsusceptible, unimpressible, out, wipe out. sluggish, dull, torpid, indifferent, dead. 2. Abrogate annul, repeal, rescind, Callow, a. Unfledged, unfeathered, revoke, abolish, nullify, quash, set naked. aside, make void. Call upon, CALL ON. Cancellated, a. Cross-barred. Calm, a. 1. Tranquil, serene, placid, Candelabrum, n. [L. pl. Candelabra; quiet, still, smooth, halcyon, peaceful. Eng. pl. Candelabrums.] Chandelier, 2. Undisturbed, composed, collected, lustre, branched candlestick. unruffled, sedate, mild, cool. Candid, a. 1. Impartial, fair, just, unCalm, n. Serenity, CALMNESS. prejudiced, unbiassed, upright, honest, Calm, v. a. 1. Still, compose, hush, sincere. smooth, allay, lull. 2. Open, free, ingenuous, artless,

Page  60 CANDIDATE 60 CAPITULATION frank, plain, honorable, NAIVE, guile- 3. Bespeak the votes of, solicit votes less, straightforward, open-hearted, from. frank-hearted, above-board. Canvass, n. 1. Discussion, debate, disCandidate, n. Aspirant, solicitant. pute. Candor, n. 1. Fairness, honesty, sin- 2. Examination, scrutiny, sifting. cerity. 3. Solicitation of votes. 2. Openness, ingenuousness, artless- Canyon, it. [Sp. Canon], Gorge, ravine, ness, frankness, guilelessness, truthful- gulch. ness. Caoutchouc, n. India-rubber, gumCane brimstone, Roll sulphur, stick elastic. sulphur. Cap, v. a. 1. Crown, complete, finish. Canicula, n. Sirius, dog-star. 2. Exceed, surpass, transcend, overCanicular days, Dog-days. top. Canine madness, Hydrophobia. Capability, n. Capableness, capacity, Canker, v. a. Corrupt, corrode, erode, ability, ableness, skill, competency, efeat away. ficiency. Canker-rash, n. Putrid sore throat. Capable, a. 1. Qualified, suited, fitted, Canker-worm, n. Span-worm, looper, adapted, susceptible. geometer. 2. Able, competent, intelligent, clevCannibals,n. pl. Anthropophagi, man- er, skilful, efficient, ingenious, sagaeaters. cious, gifted, accomplished. Cannon, a.'Great gun. Capableness, a. CAPABILITY. Cannonade, v. a. Attack with cannon, Capacious, a. Spacious, ample, large, attack with heavy artillery. wide, broad, extensive, roomy, expandCanon, n. 1. Rule (especially kn ecclesi- ed, comprehensive. astical matters), law, formula, formula- Capaciousness, n. CAPACITY. ry. Capacitate, v. a. Qualify, enable, make 2. Received books of Scripture, ca- able, make or render capable. nonical books. Capacity, n. 1. Capaciousness, magni3. Catalogue of Saints. tude (in reference to contents), volume, Canonical, a. 1. Received, authorized, dimensions, amplitude, extent of room according to the canon. or space. 2. Regular, stated. 2. Power (of apprehension), faculty, Canonicals, n. pl. Full dress (of a cler- talent, genius, gift, turn, FORTE, parts, gyman). brains, aptness, aptitude, discernment, Canonize, v. a. Declare a saint, make wit, mother-wit, calibre. a saint of, enroll in the canon. 3.'ABILITY, ableness, capability, Canopy, n. Awning, tilt. cleverness, skill, skilfulness, competenCanorous, a. Musical, tuneful. cy, efficiency, readiness. Cant, n. 1. Whining or affected speech. 4. Office, post, sphere, province, char2. Hypocrisy, pretence. acter, function, service, charge. 3. Peculiar form of speech, profes- Cap-a-pie, ad. [Fr.] From head to foot. sional terms. Caparison, a. Trappings (for a horse), 4. Slang, barbarous jargon, low lan- bard, horse-armor. guage, inelegant expression. Cape, n. Headland, promontory. 5. Auction, vendue, auction sale. Caper, v. Li. Leap (in afrolicsome mood), 6. Turn, tilt, slant. hop, skip, jump, bound, romp, gambol, Cant, a. 1. Hypocritical, insincere, hol- frisk, dance. low, canting. Caper, a. Leap (in. a frolicsome mood), 2. Vulgar, barbarous, unauthorized, skip, hop, spring, bound, gambol, romp, inelegant. prank, freak. Cantankerous, a. Crabbed, perverse, Capillary, a. Fine (like a hair), slender, stubborn, obstinate, unyielding, refrac- minute. tory, contumacious, headstrong, wilful, Capital, a. 41. Chief, principal, leading, dogged, intractable, heady, obdurate, first in importance. stiff, cross-grained. 2. Excellent, good, prime, perfect, Canter, n. I. HYPOCRITE, Pharisee. first-rate. 2. Easy gallop, gentle gallop. Capital, n. 1. Metropolis, chief city or Canter, v. a. Gallop gently. town. Cantharides, n. pl. SPANISH FLIES. 2. Large letter, capital letter. Canticle, ni. SONG. 3. Stock, sum invested. Canticles, n. pl. The song of songs, 4. (Arch.) Head of a column, pillar Song of Solomon. or pilaster. Canting, a. 1. Affected. Capital crime, Crime punishable with 2. Hypocritical, insincere, hollow, death. cant. Capital letter, Capital, large letter. Cantonment, a. Quarters. Capital punishment, Punishment or Canvass, v. a. I. Debate, discuss, dis- penalty of death. pute, agitate, ventilate, controvert. Capitation tax, Poll tax. 2. Investigate, examine, scrutinize, Capitulate, v. n. Surrender (by treaty), sift, study, consider, follow up, inquire yield on conditions. into. Capitulation, a. Surrender (by treaty).

Page  61 CAPRICE 61 CARMINATIVE Caprice, n. Whim, freak, fancy, hu- Cardinal-bird, a. Cardinal grosbeck, mor, crotchet, maggot, quirk, vagary, Virginian nightingale (Fringilla carwhimsey, WRINKLE. dinalis). Capricious, a. Whimsical, fanciful, fan- Cardinal-grosbeck, an. CARDINiALtastical, crotchety, humorsome, way- BIRD. ward, odd, queer, fitful, freakish, very Cardinal points, East, west, north, changeable. and south. Capsicurn, n. Cayenne, cayenne pel- Cardinal virtues, Prudence, temperper, red pepper. ance, justice, and fortitude. Capsize, v. a. Upset, overturn. Carditis, n. (Med.) Inflammation of the Capsule, n. 1. Case, wrapper, envelope, heart. covering, shell, sheath. Care, n. 1. Anxiety, carefulness, solici2. (Bot.) Pod, pericarp, seed-vessel. tude, concern, trouble, perplexity. 3. (Chem.) Evaporating dish, 2. Caution, heed, regard, attention, 4. Percussion cap. circumspection, watchfulness, vigiCaptain, n. 1. Commander, leader, lance. chief, chieftain. 3. Charge, oversight, superintend2. Warrior, military genius. ence, direction, management. Captain-general, n. Generalissimo, Care, v. n. 1. Be anxious, be solicitous, general, commander-in-chief. feel concerned, be troubled, worry one's Caption, n. 1. (Law.) Arrest, seizure, self. apprehension. 2. Be inclined, be disposed. 2. [Not sanctioned by good writers.] 3. Have regard. Title or heading (as of a chapter or a Careen, v. a. Lay on one side. discourse). Careen, v. a. Lean to one side, incline Captious, a. 1. Censorious, cavilling, to one side. carping, critical, hypercritical, disposed Career, a. 1. Course, race. to cavil, given to fault-finding. 2. Procedure, conduct, course of ac2. Crabbed, snappish, peevish, pet- tion, manner of life. tish, testy, touchy, waspish, fretful, Career, v. n. Sweep, rush, course, move splenetic, cross, snarling, acrimonious, rapidly. petulant, cantankerous, contentious. Care for, Have regard for, pay heed to, 3. Ensnaring, insidious. attach value to, ascribe importance to. Captivate, v. a. Charm, fascinate, en- Careful, a. 1. [Zare.] Anxious, solicichant, bewitch, enamour, win, catch, tous, concerned, troubled, uneasy. lead captive, please highly. 2. Heedful, PROVIDENT, attentive, Captive, an. Prisoner. thoughtful. Captivity, n. 1. Imprisonment, con- 3. Watchful, cautious, circumspect, finement, duress, durance. vigilant. 2. Bondage, thraldom, enthralment, Careless, a. 1. Unconcerned, undisservitude, subjection, slavery, vassal- turbed, untroubled, free from care. age. 2. Heedless, thoughtless, inattenCapture, a. 1. Seizure, arrest, appre- tive, unmindful, incautious, unthinkhension, catching, catch. ing, forgetful, remiss, listless, regard2. Prize. less, neglectful, negligent. Capture, v. a. Seize, catch, apprehend, 3. Unconsidered, inconsiderate. arrest, take by force, take possession of. Carelessness, s. Thoughtlessness, heedCapuchin, n. Franciscanfriar or monk. lessness, inattention, inadvertence, inCaput inortuuln, Residuum-(of distilla- considerateness, remissness, listlesstaon or of sublimation), worthless res- ness. idue. Caress, v. a. Fondle, embrace, hug, pet, Carack, n. [Written also.Carac.] Ar- kiss, coddle, cosset, treat with fondness. gosy, galleon. Caress, n. Embrace, kiss, expression of Caramel, n. Burnt sugar. affection. Caravansary, na. Tavern (il the east), Caressing, a Fondling, endearment, Caravansera, J inn, public house, blandishment, billing and cooing. house of entertainment. Cargo, a. Lading, freight, load, burCarbonate of Ammonia, Sal-volatile, den. smelling-salts, sesqui-carbonate of am- Caricature, a. Travesty, parody, farce, monia. burlesque, ludicrous representation. Carbonic acid, n. CHOKE-DAMP, fixed Caricature, v. a. Burlesque, travesty, air, foul air, mephitic air, carbonic- parody. acid gas. Caries, n [L.] (Med.) Ulceration (of a Carbonize, v. a. Convert into carbon. bone), cariosity. Carcass, n. 1. Dead body (of an ani- Cariosity, n. CARIES. mat), corpse, coRsE. Carious, a. Ulcerated (as a bone), de2. Body (in contempt or ridicule). cayed, mortified, rotten, putrid. 3. Mere framework. Carlock, n. Fish-glue (made from the Cardialgia, a. (ed.) Heart-burn, bladder of the sturgeon), isinglass, ichCardialgy, ) Heart-burn thyocol, ichthyocolla. Cardinal, a. Principal, chief, main, Carminative, a. Warming, antispasleading, most important. modic.

Page  62 CARNAGE- 62 CAST AWAY Carnage, a. Slaughter, butchery, mas- Carte-blanche, n. [Fr.] Unlimited ausacre, murder, bloodshed, havoc. thority, full powers. Carnal, a. 1. Fleshly, sensual. Cartilage, n. Gristle. 2. Lustful, libidinous, lecherous, las- Cartilaginous, a. Gristly. civious, lickerish, concupiscent, sala- Cartouch, n. Cartridge-box. cious. Cartridge-box, ia. Cartouch. Carnality, a. Sensuality, grossness of Carucate, n. Plough-land. mind, sensual appetites, fleshly lusts. Carve, v. a. 1. Sculpture, chisel, cut. Carnal-minded, a. Worldly-minded. 2. Form, shape, fashion, mould. Carnivorous, a. Flesh-eating. 3. Engrave, grave. Carol, n. Song, lay, ditty. 4. Cut in pieces or slices. Carol, v. n. Sing, warble. Carve, v. n. 1. Exercise the trade of a Carol, v. a. Sing, warble, chant, hum, carver. hymn, celebrate in song. 2. Cut meat at table. Carousal, ni. 1. Feast, festival, enter- Carver, n. Sculptor (in wood or ivory). tainment, jovial banquet, merry-mak- Carving, n. Sculpture (in wood or ing, house-warming, REGALE. ivory). 2. Revelling, revelry, revel, SPREE, Cascade, n. Cateract, waterfall, fall. JOLLI'ICATION, bacchanals, saturna- Case, n. 1. Covering, sheath, capsule. lia, debauch, compotation, wassail, 2. Box. orgies, carouse, cups, drinking bout. 3. State, condition, situation, cateCarouse, v. a. Revel, tipple, guzzle. gory, plight, predicament, circumCarouse, n. CAROUSAL, drinkingbout. stances. Carouser, n. Reveller, tippler, toper, 4. Suit, action, cause, process, trial. drunkard, bacchanal, bacchanalian. Caseharden, v. a. Harden (on the outCarp at,- Censure, cavil at, find fault side), steel, convert into steel (on the with. surface). Carper, a. Caviller, censurer, censor. Caseine, s. [Written also Casein.] CasCarphology, is. Floccillation, tilmus. eum, curd of milk, coagulable part of Carping, a. Cavilling, censorious, cap- mills, coagulum of milk. tious, complaining, hypercritical, Caseous, a. Cheesy, of the nature of Carping, a. Censure, cavil, fault-find- cheese. ing, hypercriticism, captious criticism. Caseum, n. [L.] CASEINE. Carpus, n. [L.] (AnatP) Wrist. Caseworm, n. Caddice, caddis, cadeCarrageen, an. [Written also Carra- worm. Carrigeen, gheen.] Irish moss, car- Cash, it. 1. Coin, specie. rageen moss (Fucus crispus or Chond- 2. Money, ready money. rus crispus). Cash, v. a. Turn into money. Carriage, n. 1. Vehicle, conveyance. Cashier, v. a. Break, discharge, dis2. Conduct, deportment, behavior, card, dismiss from office, cast off, turn bearing, manner, demeanor, air, mien. away, send away. Carrion, n. Putrefying flesh. Casino, a. [It.] 1. Cottage, small house. Carroty, a. Reddish-yellow (said of the 2. Club-house. hair). Cask, n. 1. Hooped wooden vessel (as Carry, v. a. 1. Convey, bear, transport, a hogshead, &c.). transmit, TOTE, WAFT, FETCH. 2. Helmet, CASQUE. 2. Urge, impel, push Xorward. Casket, n. Little box. 3. Accomplish, effect, gain, secure, Casque, n. [Fr.] Helmet, cask. compass, bring about. Cassava, a. Tapioca (crude), manioc. 4. Support, sustain, bear up. Cast, v. a. 1. Throw, fling, hurl, send, 5. Transfer. toss, pitch, sling, sHY. 6. Imply, import, signify. 2. Drive, impel, force, thrust. Carry one's self, Conduct, behave, de- 3. Shed, put off, lay aside. mean one's self, carry it. 4. Compute, reckon, calculate. Carry it, 1. Prevail. 4 5. Found, form in a mould. 2. Behave, conduct, demean one's 6. Assign, allot, appoint, apportion, self, carry one's self. appropriate. Carry off, 1. Remove, take away. 7. Direct, turn. 2. Destroy, kill. Cast, v. i. Contrive, CAST ABOUT. Carry on, (Active) 1. Conduct, manage, Cast, n. 1. Throw, fling, toss. transact, prosecute, continue, help for- 2. Tinge, tint, shade, touch. ward. 3. Manner, style, air, mien, look, 2. [Colloquial.] Frolic, behave wildly turn, tone, character. or rudely. 4. Mould, form. Carry out, Apply, execute, put in prac- 5. Assignment of parts. tice. Cast about, Contrive, plan, scheme, Carry through, Accomplish, consum- donsider, revolve in the mind. mate, finish, complete, work out, bring Cast anchor, Let go the anchqr. to a close, bring about, bring to pass. Cast away, 1. Reject, discard, CAST Cart before the horse, [Colloqteial.] OFF. Absurdity, absurd thing. 2. Wreck, strand, founder, shipCarte, n. [Fr.] Bill of fare. wreck.

Page  63 CAST-A-WAY 63 CATHOLIC Cast-a-way, n. Outcast, reprobate, Tag- Catamenial, a. Menstrual. abond, abandoned wretch. Catamount, n. Cougar, puma, North Cast-a-way, a. Rejected, discarded, American tiger (Felis concolor). abandoned. Cataplasmn, n. Poultice. Cast by, Reject, discard, throw away, Cataract, n. 1. Waterfall, fall, cascast off cade. Cast down, Dejected, depressed, dis- 2. (Med.) Obstructed sight, loss of couraged, melancholy, sad, downcast, sight (from opacity of the crystalline disheartened, chapfallen, downhearted, lens). desponding, despondent, blue, dispir- Catarrh, n. Cold in the head. ited, low-spirited, in low spirits. Catastrophe, n7. 1. Upshot, issue, conCaste, s. Class, order, race. summation, conclusion, termination, Caster, n. 1. Thrower. denouement, FINALE, winding up, fin2. Calculator. ishing stroke, final event. 3. Cruet, cruse. 2. CALAMITY, disaster, misfortune, 4. Castor, small wheel or swivel (on mishap, mischance. which furniture is rolled). Catch, v. a. 1. Grasp, seize, snatch, Cast forth, Eject, emit, throw out. clutch, gripe, grasp, lay hold of, fasten Castigate, v. a. Chastise, correct, pun- upon. ish, chasten, discipline. 2. Arrest, apprehend, capture. Castigation, n. Punishment, chastise- 3. Overtake, come up with. ment, correction, discipline. 4. Insnare, entrap, entangle. Castigatory, n. (Law.) Trebuchet, 5. Captivate, charm, enchant, fascitumbrel, ducking-stool, cucking-stool. nate,bewitch, win. Castle, is. 1. FORTRESS, citadel, strong- 6. Take (as a disease). hold, fortified residence. Catch, v. n. 1. Lay hold, take hold. 2. Rook (in chess). 2. Be contagious, be communicated, Castle-builder, n. Visionary dreamer, spread by infection. enthusiast, fanciful projector. Catch, n. 1. Seizure, CAPTURE. Cast in the teeth, Reproach with, 2. Snatch, short effort. twit with. 3. Clasp, hook, HASP. Cast off, 1. Reject, discard, abandon, 4. (1M1s.) Humorous round. forsake, renounce, lay aside, cast by, 5. Quantity 9f fish caught. cast away, throw away, throw by, get Catch at, Grasp at, try to seize. rid of. Catchfly, n. Flybane. 2. (Nasut.) Loose, untie, let go, let Catching, a. Seizure, capture, arrest, slip. apprehension. Castor, n. 1. Caster, small wheel or Catching, a. Infectious, contagious, swivel (on which furzstuzlre is rolled). pestilential, pestiferous. 2. (Mled.) Castoreum. Catch tripping, Find at fault, find in Castoreurn, i. [L.] (Miged.) Castor. error. Cast out, 1. Eject, expel, oust, turn Catch-weed, n. Goose-grass, CLEAVERS. out of doors. Catchword, n. Cue. 2. Send forth. Catechise, v. a. Question, interrogate, Castrate, v. a. Geld, emasculate, glib, examine, put questions to. deprive of virility. Catechu, n. Cutch, gambier, Japan Castration, a. ORCHOTOMY. earth, Terra Japonica. Castrel, a. Windhover, kestrel, stannel Catechumen, is. Pupil (in Christian(17alco tinlnunculus). ity), neophyte, convert, proselyte. Cast up, 1. Compute, calculate, reckon, Categorical, a. Positive, absolute, excast. press, explicit, direct, emphatic. 2. Eject, vomit, spew, puke. Category, is. 1. Class, head, division, Casual, a. Accidental, fortuitous, inci- order, rank. dental, contingent, that happens by 2. Predicament, plight, condition, chance. case, state, situation. Casualty, i. 1. Chance, fortuity, con- Cater, v. n. Purvey, provide food, protingency, hap, unforeseen event. cure provisions. 2. Accident, disaster, misfortune, Caterer, is. Provider, purveyor. calamity, mischance, catastrophy. Catfish, is. l. Horn-pout, mud-pout, Catachrestic, X a. Forced, strained, bull-head (Pimsalodus cattus). Catachrestical, J far-fetched, recon- 2. Wolf-fish (Aznarrhicas lupus). dite, studiously sought. Cathartic, a. Phrgative, evacuant, abCataclysm, a. Inundation, deluge, stergent, cleansing. overflow, flood. Cathartic, a. Purge, purgative, physic, Catacomb, a. Crypt, vault, tomb. purgative medicine. Catalepsy, n. (_Mied.) Trance. Catheretic, n. (Med.) Caustic. Catalogue, n. List (arranged in a cer- Catheretic, a. (Mied.) Caustic. tains order), REGISTER, roll, record, IN- Catholic, a. 1. Universal, general. VENTORY, schedule, INVOICE. 2. Liberal, tolerant, not bigoted, not Catamenia, n. pl. [Gr.] Menses, month- exclusive, not sectarian. ly courses, menstrual discharges, men- 3. Roman catholic. strual flux. Catholic, n. Papist, Roman Catholic.

Page  64 CATHOLICISM 64 CENSURABLE Catholicism, n. 1. Universality, cath- criticism, unwarranted censure, fallaolicity. cious reason, sophistical argument. 2. Liberality, tolerance, largeness of Caviller, n. Carper, censurer, captious mind. disputant, frivolous censor. 3. Roman Catholic religion. Cavilling, a. Captious, censorious, Catholicity, n. CATHOLICISM. carping, critical, hypercritical, disCatholicon, ia. Panacea, universal posed to cavil, given to fault-finding. remedy, universal medicine. Cavity, n. Hollow, aperture, opening. Catkin, n. Ament, amentum, cat's- Cayenne, a. Capsicum, red pepper, tail. Cayenne pepper. Cat's-paw, n. Dupe (in serving anoth- Cease, v. n. 1. Desist, stop, stay, break er's purpose), gull, cully. off, leave off, give over. Cat's-tail, n. 1. (Bot.) CATKIN. 2. Fail, be extinct, be wanting. 2. (Bot.) Timothy, timothy-grass, 3. Terminate, end, be at an end, herds'-grass (Phl7ezm pretense). blow over. 3. Cirrus, mare's-tail. Ceaseless, a. Incessant, unceasing, Cattle, n. pl. Bovine quadrupeds. peipetual, eternal, endless, everlasting, Cattle-plague, n. Murrain. interminable, continual, unremitting. Caul, n. Omentum, epiploin. Cedar-bird, n. American wax-wing Causal, a. Causative. (Bombycilla Carolinenlsis or Ampelis Causative, a. Causal. Carolinensis). Cause, n. 1. Origin, original, source, Cede, v. a. 1. Surrender, relinquish, spring, mainspring. yield, abandon, resign, deliver up, give 2. Ground, reason, motive, consider- up. ation, account, inducement, incentive, 2. Grant, convey. incitement, efficient cause. Celebrate, v. a. 1. Praise, extol, laud, 3. Purpose, object, aim, final cause. magnify, glorify, bless, commend, give 4. Effort, undertaking, enterprise. praise to, make famous. 5. (Law.) Suit, action, case, trial. 2. Commemorate, solemnize, honor, Cause, v. a. 1. Produce, create, origin- keep, observe, do honor to. ate, occasion, give rise to, bring into Celebrated, a. Famous, renowned, disexistence. tinguished, illustrious, eminent, famed, 2. Effect, bring about.. far-famed. Caustic, sn. CATHERETIC. Celebration, n. 1. Honor, praise, comCaustic, a. 1. Corrosive, corroding, mendation, laudation. CATHERETIC, consuming, acrid, viru- 2. Commemoration, solemnization, lent, eating away. observation. 2. Severe, sarcastic, satirical, bitter, Celebrity, a. Fame, renown, glory, honstinging, sharp, cutting.. or, credit, reputation, eminence, disCauterize, v. a. Sear, burn with a hot tinction, repute. iron, burn with cautery. Celerity, n. Speed, quickness, swiftCautery, a. Application of hot iron or ness, velocity, rapidity. of caustics. Celestial, a. 1. Of the firmament, of Caution, n. 1. Wariness, heed, heed- the visible heavens. fulness, circumspection, care, watch- 2. Heavenly, supernal, angelic, serfulness, vigilance, forethought, provi- aphic, godlike. dence, prudence, discretion. Celibacy, n. Single life, unmarried 2. Warning, admonition, injunction, state. advice, counsel. Celibate, n. Bachelor, unmarried man. 3. Security, guaranty, surety, pledge. Celibate, a. Unmarried, single. Caution, v. a. Warn, admonish, fore- Cell, it. 1. Small room. warn. 2. Enclosed space, small cavity. Cautious, a. Prudent, wary, careful, Cellular, a. Alveolate, favose, honeyheedful, chary, circumspect, discreet, combed. watchful, vigilant. Cement, it. 1. Mortar. Cavalcade, n. Procession (of mounted 2. Bond of union. men). Cem.ent, v. a. Unite, connect, attach, Cavalier, n. 1. Knight, equestrian, join. horseman, chevalier, horse-soldier. Cement, v. n. Unite, cohere, stick to2. Partisan of Charles I. gether. Cavalier, a. Disdainful, haughty, ar- Cemetery, n. Graveyard, buryingrogant, supercilious, scornful, insolent, ground, burial-ground, church-yard, pert, impertinent, saucy. necropolis. Cavalry, a. Horse-soldiers, troops on Cenotaph, a. Monument (to one whose horseback, mounted soldiers. body is not buried under it or near it). Cave, sn. Cavern, den, grotto. Censor, n. 1. Inspector, critic. Cavern, n. Grotto, cave, den. 2. Censurer, caviller. Cavernous, a. Hollow. Censoiious, a. Captious, carping, cantCavil at, Censure (without good reason), ing, hypercritical, severe, condemnatocarp at, find fault with, raise objection ry, fault-finding, hard to please, prone to. to find fault, apt to blame or censure. Cavil, a. Frivolous objection, captious Censurable, a. Blamable, reprehensi

Page  65 CENSURE 65 CHAM ble, culpable, blameworthy, faulty, Cerulean, a. Azure, blue, sky-colored, worthy of censure. sky-blue. Censure, n. Blame, disapprobation, Cerumen, a. Ear-wax. disapproval, condemnation, reproof, Ceruse, n. White-lead, carbonate of reproach, reprobation, reprehension, lead. rebuke, reprimand, animadversion, Cespitose,. Turfyturf-like. stricture. Cespitous, a. Tufy, turf-like. Censure, v. a. Blame, reproach, re- Cessation, l. Stoppage, stop, intermisprove, chide, reprehend, OVERHAUL, sion, remission, suspension, pause, rest, reprimand, rate, berate, scold, find respite, discontinuance. fault with, pass censure on, take to Cession, n. 1. Surrender, relinquishtask, bring to book, call over the coals, ment, yielding, renunciation, abandonhaul over the coals, call to account, ment. come down upon, snap up, BLOW UP. 2. Grant, conveyance. Censurer, n. 1. Censor, critic. Cestus, n. [L.] Girdle (especially the 2. Caviller, carper. girdle of Venus), belt, cincture, band. Cent, It. 1. Hundred. Cetacean,. Cetaceous animal. 2. Copper, ten mills,.the one hun- Cetacean, a. Ofthewhalekid. dredth part of a dollar. Cetaceous,a e whale kid. Centenary, a. Century, a hundred Chafe, v.a. 1. Rub, hurt by rubbing, years. wear by rubbing. Centesimal, a. Hundreth, by the hun- 2. Irritate, vex, annoy, fret, tease, dred. gall, chagrin, provoke, ruffle, offend, Centre, n. [Written also Center]. Mid- nettle, incense, enrage, exasperate, die, midst, middle point. anger, make angry. Centrifugal, a. Tending from the cen- Chafe, v. a. 1. Be rubbed, be worn by tre. rubbing. Centripetal, a. Tending to the centre. 2. Rage, fret, fume. Centuple, a. Hundred-fold. Chaff, it. 1. Husks, hulls, glumes. Century, cc. 1. Hundred. 2. Refuse, worthless matter. 2. Centenary, a hundred years. Chaff, v. a. Ridicule, mock, scoff, deCephalalgy, ic. (MIed.) Headache. ride, jeer, flout, make fun of, PORKE Cere, v. a. Wax, smear with wax. FUN AT. Cereals, ci. pl. Edible grains. Chaffer, v. it. Higgle, haggle, bargain, Cerecloth, cc. Cerement. negotiate. Ceremnent, a. Cerecloth. Chagrin; c. Mortification, vexation, Cerenonial, ca. Ritual, formal. displeasure, disquiet, ill-humor. Ceremonial, c. Rite, form, formality, Chagrin, v. a. Mortify, vex, irritate, CEREMONY. chafe, annoy, displease, provoke, put Ceremonious, a. 1. Civil, respectful, out of temper. courteous, courtly. Chain, c?. 1. Fetter, manacle, shackle, 2. Formal, punctilious, stiff, precise, bond. exact, starched, prim. 2. Connected series, orderly succesCeremony, ic. 1. Rite, form, formality, sion. ceremonial, solemnity, observance. Chain, v. a. 1. Fasten with a chain. 2. Parade, pomp, show, stateliness. 2. Confine, restrain, fetter, shackle, Certain, a. 1. Indubitable, unques- trammel. tionable, indisputable, undeniable, in- 3. Enslave, hold in bondage. contestable, uncontrovertible, unques- Chair, c. 1. MPIovable seat. tioned, undisputed, undoubted, abso- 2. Seat of justice, seat of authority. lute, positive, plain, past dispute, 3. Chairman, presiding officer. beyond all question, sure as fate, sure 4. Professorship. as a gun, clear as day, not doubtful. Chairmnan, it. Chair, presiding officer. 2. Sure, assured, confident, undoubt- Chaldaic, n. Chaldee, Chaldaic laning, fully convinced. guage. 3. Unfailing, infallible, never-failing. Chaldee, n. Chaldaic, Chaldaic lan4. Actual, ceal, existing. guage. 5. Settled, determinate, fixed, stated, Chalice, n. Cup (especially the coccnctuzconstant. iocn-cup), bowl. 6. One, some, particular. Chalky, a. Cretaceous. Certainty, cc. 1. Surety, indubitable- Challenge, v. a. 1. Defy, dare, brave, ness, certitude, freedom from doubt. invite to trial, call to combat, call to 2. Truth, fact, fixed fact, accom- answer. plished fact, real state. 2. Demand, require, claim, call for. Certificate, cs. 1. Voucher, testimony. 3. (Law.) Object to, take exceptions 2. Testimonial, attestation, creden- to. tial. Challenge, n. 1. Defiance, summons Certify, v. a. 1. Attest, testify to, to trial, call to combat, call to answer. vouch for. 2. (Lacw.) Exception, objection. 2. Verify, ascertain, determine, make Chalybeate, a. Impregnated with iron. certain. Chacn, ic. Khan, sovereign prince (of Certitude, a. CERTAINTY. Tartary). 5

Page  66 CHAMBER 66 CHARGER Chamber,?o. 1. Apartment, room, Chap,?. 1. Cleft, crack, opening. hall. 2. Boy, youth, fellow. 2. Cavity, hollow place. Chaparral, ni. Thicket (of brambles and 3. Legislative body. thorny shrubs). Chamnber-fellow, it. Chum. Chapeau, a. [Fr.] Hat. Chamber-pot, an. Urinal, jorden. Chapel, n. Church, temple, meetingChamfer, v. a. 1. Bevel. house, place of worship. 2. Channel, flute, groove, cut fur- Chap-fallen, a. [Sometimes spelled rows in, cut channels in. chopfallen.] Dejected, dispirited, deChamfer, n. 1. Bevel. pressed, discouraged, melancholy, sad, 2. Fluting, channel, furrow. downcast, disheartened, downhearted, Champ, v. a. Bite, chew, gnaw. desponding, despondent, BLUE, crestChampaign, ni. Flat, open country. fallen, low-spirited, in low spirits. Champaign, a. Flat, (as' Icland), level, Chaplet, 1. Garland, wreath, coronal. open. Chaps, it. pl. Mouth, jaws. Champion, a. 1. Combatant (in behalf Char, v. a. Burn, scorch, reduce to o' others), fighter, warrior. charcoal. 2. Defender, protector, vindicator. Character, n. 1. Mark, figure, sign, Chance, na. 1. Accident, casualty, con- emblem, letter. tingency, fortuity, fortune, fortuitous 2. Constitution, quality, nature, disevent, unforseen event. position, cast, turn, bent. 2. Risk, hazard, peril, jeopardy. 3. Person, personage, individual. Chance, v. iL. Happen, occur, befall, 4. Reputation, repute. betide, take place, fall out, turn up, Characteristic, a. Special, peculiar. come to pass. Characteristic, n. Peculiarity, marked Chancery, a2. 1. Couft of Equity, Court feature. of Chancery. Characterization, in. Designation (of 2. [U. S.] Equity, proceedings in properties), specification. equity. Characterize, v.a. 1. Distinguish, desChange, v. a. 1. Shift, remove for an- ignate, mark. other, set aside for others. 2. Describe, set forth the character 2. ALTER, vary, modify, make differ- of, specify the peculiarities of. ent, make some change in. Charcoal, n. Wood-coal. 3. Exchange, barter, commute, give Charge, v. a. 1. Load, burden, freight, in exchange. lade. Change, v. i. Alter, vary, shift, veer, 2. Intrust, put in one's keeping or care. turn, undergo change, change about. 3. Ascribe, impute, lay, put, bring Change, n. 1. Alteration, variation, home to, lay to one's door, lay to one's mutation, commutation, transition, charge. transmutation, revolution. 4. Accuse, arraign, impeach, incul2. Vicissitude, variety, novelty, inno- pate, criminate, indict, tax, call to acvation. count, take to task, inform against. 3. Small coin, small money. 5. Command, order, bid, require, enChangeable, a. 1. Variable, incon- join. stant, unsteady, unsteadfast, unstable, 6. Attack, assault, fall upon, bear unsettled, mutable, uncertain. down upon, seton. 2. Fickle, wavering, vacillating, fit- Charge, v. it. Make an onset, make a ful, capricious, volatile, giddy, like a charge. weather-cock. Charge, n. 1. Load, lading, cargo, Change about, CRHANGE. freight, burden, what is carried. Change hands, Change owners. 2. Trust, care, custody, ward, manChangeling, it. 1. Child (taken or left agement. ineplace of another). 3. Commission, duty, office, employ2. Oaf, simpleton, fool, DuNCE. ment. Channel, n. 1. Passage, duct, conduit, 4. Order, injunction, direction, manwater-course. date, precept, command. 2. Gutter, furrow, fluting, chamfer. 5. Instruction, exhortation. 3. Strait, arm of the sea, narrow 6. Accusation, crimination. sea. 7. Cost, expense, outlay, expendi4. Avenue, route, way. ture. Channel, v. a. Groove, flute, chamfer, 8. Price, sum charged. cut furrows in, cut channels in. 9. Onset, onslaught, assault, attack, Chant, v. a. & n. Sing, warble, carol. encounter. Chant, n. Song, carol, melody. 10. (Her.) Bearing. Chanter, it. Singer, songster. Chargeable, a. 1. Ascribable, attribChanticleer, in. Cock, ROOSTER. utable, imputable, referrible, traceable, Chaos, ia. 1. Matter in a disorganized owing, to be charged. state, matter in confusion. 2. Liable to be accused. 2. Disorder, confusion. 3. Burdensome (as a causse of exChaotic, a. Disordered, confused. pesnse). Chap, v. a. Crack, split, cleave. Charger, n. 1. Dish, platter. Chap, v. n. Crack, open in slits. 2. War-horse.

Page  67 CHlARllY 67 CHEEK Charily, ad. Cautiously,warily, heed- Chastise, v. a. i. Chasten, correct, fully, carefully. punlish, castigate. Charitable, a. 1. Benevolent, kind, 2. Repress, restrain, moderate, check, benign, full of good will. sober down. 2. Beneficent, liberal, free, bountiful, Chastisement, n. Punishment, chasgenerous, munificent, open-hearted, tening, correction. free-hearted, open-handed. Chastity, n. 1. Purity, virtue, modesty, Charity, n. 1. Benevolence, kindness, continence. tenderness, affection, benignity, hu-, 2. Decency, freedom from obscenity. ianity, kind-heartedness, fellow-feel- 3. Unaffectedness, simplicity. ing, good-will, good-nature, milk of Chat, v. a. Prattle, chatter, prate babhuman kindness. ble, gossip, confabulate, talk freely, 2. Beneficence, liberality, generosity, have a free and easy talk. bounty, alms-giving, active goodness, Chat, n. Prattle, prate, gossip, confabdoing of good. ulation, chit-chat, easy conversation, 3. Benefaction, gift, alms. free and easy talk. Charivari, n. [Fr.] Discordant music, Chattels, n. pl. Goods, effects, furnimock serenade. ture, movables, movable property. Charlatan, i?. Quack, empiric, mount- Chatter, v. n. Prate, prattle, chat, gosebank, pretender, impostor, cheat. sip, talk idly, talk freely. Charlatanic, a. Empirical, quackish. Chatter, n. Prate, prattle, CHAT. Charlatanry, n. Quackery, empiricism, Chatterer, n. Prater, prattler, tattler, trickery, deceit. gossip, babbler, gadder, gadabout, ratCharles's Wain, The Great Bear, UR- tie-head. sA MAJoR, The Wain. Cheap, a. 1. Low-priced. Charm, n. 1. Spell, enchantment, in- 2. Common,'of little value, of small cantation, witchery, magic, sorcery, account. necromancy, magical power. Cheapen, v. a. 1. Bid for, bargain for, 2. Attraction, fascination, allure- ask the price of, try to get cheaper, ment, attractiveness. haggle about, chaffer about. Charm, v. a. 1. Subdue by a charm, 2. Make cheap, lessen in value. allay by enchantment. Cheat, v. a. Defraud, trick, deceive, 2. Fascinate, enchant, delight, at- dupe, gull, overreach, jockey, cozen, tract, captivate, catch, transport, en- chouse, outwit, bamboozle, circumvent, ravish, enrapture, enamour, bewitch, delude, hoodwink, diddle, beguile, misallure, win, please highly, lead captive. lead, inveigle, gammon, impose upon. Charmer, n. Enchanter, magician, sor- Cheat, a. 1. Trick, deception, imposcerer. ture, imposition, juggle, stratagem, Charming, a. Fascinating, captivating, finesse, fraud, circumvention, delusion, enchanting, enrapturing, bewitching, artifice, deceit, chouse, BAI. delightful, lovely, very pleasant. 2. Trickster, impostor, rogue, knave, Charnel-house, n. Ossuary, GRAVE. swindler, sharper, cheater, artful felCharter, n. 1. Instrument, deed, in- low. denture, act of incorporation. Cheater, a. Trickster, CHEAT. 2. Right, privilege, prerogative, im- Check, n. 1. Restraint, curb, bridle, munity, franchise, liberty. hinderance, stop, obstacle, impediment, Charter, v. a. 1. Incorporate, establish obstruction, bar, barrier, damper, inby charter, grant by charter. terference, rebuff, repression, control. 2. Let or hire (a ship). 2. Counter register, corresponding Chary, a. Cautious, wary, careful, shy. indenture, corresponding cipher. Chase, v. a. 1. Pursue, hunt, track, run 3. Mark, symbol, sign. after, give chase to. 4. Order for money. 2. Emboss, enchase. 5. Ticket, certificate of right. Chase away, Drive away, force away. 6. Checkered cloth. Chase, n. 1. Hunting, hunt, field-sport. Check, v. a. 1. Restrain, curb, bridle, 2. Pursuit, race. hinder, obstruct, repress, chastise, counChasm, n. 1. Breach, opening, cleft, fis- teract, control, put a restraint upon, sure. hold in check, put a damper upon, nip 2. Gap, hiatus, cavity, hollow. in the bud. Chasseur, n. [Fr.] Horseman, horse- 2. Reprove, chide, reprimand, resoldier, equestrian, chevalier, mounted buke. soldier. 3. Note with a mark. Chaste, a. 1. Pure, undefiled, virtuous, Checker, v. a. Variegate, diversify. modest, continent. Checker-berry, a. Partridge-berry 2. Decent, not obscene. squaw-vine, winter-clover (Mitchella 3. Uncorrupt, unaffected, simple, repens). neat, in good taste. Checkers, n. pl. Draughts. 4. Refined, elegant, classic. Checkmate, v. a. Beat (at chess), conChasten, v. a. Chastise, correct, punish, quer, vanquish, put in check. castigate. Cheek, n. 1. Side of the face. Chastening, a. Chastisement, punish- 2. [Colloquial.] Boldness, impudence, ment, correction, castigation. insolence, impertinence, sauciness, as

Page  68 CHEEK-BONE 68 CHIRRUP surance, audacity, presumption, face, pecial, great, grand, cardinal, master, front, effrontery, brass. most important. Cheek-bone, n. ZYGOIIA. Chief, a. 1. Chieftain, commander. Cheek by jowl, Close (as in familiar 2. Leader, head, corypheus, principal intercourse), face to face, side by side, person. ThTER-X-TkTE, in close proximity. Chiefly, ad. 1. Principally, eminently, Cheeky, a. [Colloquial.] Bold, forward, mainly, especially, particularly, above pert, assuming, BRASSY, brazen-faced. all. Cheer, n. 1. Mirth, gayety, joy, glad- 2. Mostly, for the most part. ness, CHEERFULNESS. Chieftain, n. Leader (of a clan or of 2. Entertainment, provisions, food, troops), chief, commander, captain. repast, viands, victuals. Chiffonnier, a. [Fr.] Rag-picker. 3. Acclamation, shout of applause. Chigoe, n. CHIGRE. Cheer, v. a. 1. Gladden, exhilarate, in- Chigre, n. (Eat.) Jigger, chigoe (Pulex spirit, enliven, animate, incite, encour- penetrans). age. Child, n. [pl. Children.] 1. Infant, babe, 2. Comfort, console, solace, make baby, nursling, suckling, chit, brat, cheerful. bantling, bairn, little one. 3. Applaud, clap, salute with cheers. 2. Young person. Cheerful, a. Lively, sprightly, animat- 3. Offspring, issue, progeny. ed, joyful, joyous, blithe, mirthful, Child-bearing, n. CHILDBIRTH. buoyant, gleeful, gay, cheery, airy, sun- Childbed, n. Parturition, CHILDBIRTH. ny, jocund, jolly, in good spirits, of Childbirth, n. Parturition, delivery, good cheer, in high feather. travail, labor, childbed, child-bearCheerfulness, i. Liveliness, animation, ing. joyfulness, joy, gladness, mirthfulness, Childhood, n. Infancy, minority, pucheer, buoyancy of spirits, flow of pilage, nonage. spirits, good spirits. Childish, a. 1. Puerile, infantile, inCheesy, a. Caseous, of the nature of fantine, young, tender. cheese, 2. Foolish, silly, weak, trifling, frivoChef-d'oeuvre, is. [Fr.] Master-piece, lous. master-work, master-stroke, paragon, Childlike, a. Docile, meek, submissive, capital performance. dutiful. Chemise, n. Shift, smock. Children, pl. of CHILD. Cherish, v. a. 1. Nurture, foster, nour- Chiliad, n. Thousand. ish, nurse, sustain, support, comfort, Chill, a. Cold, frigid, chilly, bleak. care for, treat tenderly. Chill, v. a. 1. Make chilly, make cold. 2. Harbor, entertain, indulge, en- 2. Depress, discourage, deject, dampcourage, hold dear, embrace heartily. en, dishearten. Cherup, v. n. Chirp, chirrup. Chilly, a. Cool, CHILL, somewhat cold. Cherup, v. a. Encourage (by chirrup- Chime, a. Consonance, harmony, coring), inspirit, animate, cheer, chirrup. respondence of sound. Chest, n. Breast, thorax, trunk (of the Chime, v. n. Harmonize, accord, sound body). in harmony. Chetah,n. [Sometimes written Cheetah.] Chilne in with, Agree with, fall in Hunting leopard (Felis jubata). with. Chevalier, n. Knight, CAVALIER. Chimera, a. Illusion, hallucination, Chew, v. a. 1. Masticate, manducate, delusion, fantasy, phantom, dream, MUNCH. idle fancy, creature of the imagina2. Champ, bite, gnaw. tion. 3. Meditate, ruminate, muse on, re- Chimerical, a. Imaginary, fantastic, flect upon, chew the cud upon. fanciful, visionary, illusory, shadowy, Chew, v. n. Meditate, ruminate, muse, wild, Quixotic, Utopian. reflect. Chimney-corner, n. Fireside. Chicane, n. 1. Trick, shift, ruse, strat- China, n. Porcelain, China ware. agem, wile, artifice, fetch, CLAP- Chincapin, l. [Written also ChinquaTRAP. pin and Chinicapin.] Dwarf chestnut 2. Trickery, sophistry, chicanery. ( Castanea pumsila). Chicanery, n. Trickery, duplicity, chi- Chink, is. 1. Opening, gap, crack, crancane, sophistry, sophistication, decep- ny, crevice, cleft, rift, fissure, narrow tion. aperture. Chiccory, n. Succory. 2. [Colloquial.] Money, coin. Chickadee, at. Black-capped titmouse Chink, v. a. & n. Jingle. (Parus atricaptllus). Chip, v. a. Hew, cut chips from. Chickaree, n. Red squirrel (Sciurus Chip, n. Fragment, scrap, small piece. lIsdsonius).; Chipmnnk, n. [Written also Chipnzmonle Chide, v. a. Rebuke, reprimand, cen- and Chipnmul.] HACKEE, striped squirsure, reprove, blame, upbraid, admon- rel. ish, scold, scold at. Chirography, i. Handwriting, hand, Chief, a. 1. Leading, supreme, head- style of penmanship. most, first, supreme, most eminent. Chiromancy, an Palmistry. 2. Principal, main, prime, vital, es- Chirrup, v. a. Chirp, cherup.

Page  69 CHIRRUP 69 CHURCHYARD Chirrup, v. a. Encourage, animate, 2. Trick, cheat, wile, ruse, BAnM, iminspirit, cheer, cherup. posture, imposition, fraud, deception, Chisel, v. a. Cut, carve, sculpture. circumvention, deceit, double-dealing, Chit-chat, si. Prattle, prate, gossip, stratagem, finesse, artifice, delusion, chat, easy conversation, familiar talk, crafty device, piece of knavery. idle talk, free and easy talk. Chowchow,n. [Chinese.] Mixedpickles. Chivalric, a. Gallant, CHIVALROUS. Chowchow, a. Mixed, of several sorts. Chivalrous, a. Gallant, adventurous, Chowder, n. Fish soup. valiant, brave, warlike, bold. A Christ, sn. The Anointed, The Messiah, Chivalry, n. 1. Knighthood, knight- Jesus, Immanuel, The Saviour, The errantry. Redeemer, The Mediator, The Inter2. Valor, gallantry. cessor, The Advocate, The Judge, The Chloride of barium, Muriate of ba- Son of God, The Son of man, The Lamb ryta, hydrochlorateof baryta. of God, The Word. Chloride of lime, Bleaching powder. Christen, v. a. 1. Baptize. Chloride of mercury, Calomel, proto- 2. Denominate, name, term, desigchloride of mercury, subehloride of nate, style, call, dub, entitle, TITLE. mercury. Christian, n. Disciple of Christ. Chlorosis, n. (Med.) Green-sickness. Christian name, Baptismal name (as Chogret, n. [Indian name.] Conner, distinguished from the family name or cunner, burgall, blue perch. surname). Choice, n. Preference, election, selec- Christianity, n. Religion of Christians, tion, option, ALTERNATIVE. Christian religion, teachings of Christ, Choice, a. 1. Select, exquisite, precious, the Gospel, divine revelation. valuable, rare, uncommon, excellent. Christmas rose, Black hellebore (Helle2. Frugal, careful, chary, sparing. borus niger). Choke, v. a. 1. Suffocate, stifle, smother, Chrome-yellow, a. Chromate of lead. strangle, throttle. Chronic, a. Inveterate, deep-seated, of 2. Suppress, overpower, overcome, long duration. keep down. Chronicle, it. 1. Register (of events in 3. Obstruct, close, block, stop, bar. the order of time), diary, journal. Choke, v. n. Be choked. 2. Record, history, annals, narration, Choke-damp, nt. Foul air, carbonic narrative, recital, account. acid, carbonic-acid gas (accumutated in Chronicle, v. a. Record, register. wells and pits). Chronicler, n. Historian. Chokeful, a. Brimful, quite full. Chronometer, n. Time-keeper, timeCholer, n. 1. Bile. piece. 2. Anger, wrath, ire, fury, rage, Chrysalis, n. Pupa, aurelia, nympha. spleen, exasperation. Chubbed, a. Plump, CHUNKs, bonny, Cholera asphyxia, Asiatic cholera, Chubby, short and thick. spasmodic cholera. Chuck, v. a. 1. Tap or pat (under the Choleric, a. Irascible, irritable, hasty, chin). testy, touchy, petulant, waspish, hot, 2. Throw, pitch, hurl, toss, FLIRT. fiery, passionate. Chuck, n. 1. Tap or pat (under the chin). Choose, v. a. Select, elect, prefer, cull, 2. Throw, toss. pick, pick out, single out, fix upon, Chuckle, v. i. 1. Giggle titter, laugh pitch upon, catch at, make choice of. (covuslsively, inb triuzmph or in deriChop, v. a. 1. Cut (with a quic7k bloow). sion). 2. Mince, cut into small pieces. 2. Exult, triumph, crow. Chop, v. n. Shift, veer, change sud- Chuckle, n. Giggle, titter, laughter denly. (half suppressed), chuckling. Chop, n. 1. Slice, piece cut off. Chuckle-head, n. [Low.] Blockhead, 2. Brand, quality. DUNCE. Chop-fallen, a. [Preferably spelled Chuckle-headed, a. Thick-headed, CHAP-FALLEN.] MELANCHOLY, sad. stupid, dull. Chop-hlouse, n. Restaurant (of a low Chuckling, n. Giggle, titter, CHUCKLE. class), eating-house. Chum, n. Chamber-fellow, room-mate. Choral, s. Psalm-tune. Chump, n. Chunk. Chord, n. 1. String (of a musical in- Chunk, n. Chump. strident). Chunky, a. [U. S.] Plump, chubby, 2. Harmonious tones. short and thick. 3. (Geom.) Right line uniting the Church, n. 1. Temple, house of worextremities of an arc. ship, house of God, meeting-house. Chore, n. Small job, light task. 2. Body of Christians. Chouse, v. a. Deceive, cheat, trick, de- 3. Ecclesiastical authority (as dislude, defraud, swindle, dupe, gull, tinguished from that of the State). bamboozle, BAir, cozen, diddle, over-'Churchmlan, n. 1. Ecclesiastic, clergyreach, circumvent, beguile, hoodwink, man, minister, pastor, divine, priest. victimize, take in, impose upon, put 2. Episcopalian. upon, practise upon, play upon. Churchyard, n. Burying - ground, Chouse, n. 1. Dupe, tool, gull, simple- burial-ground, graveyard, cemetery, ton, cully. necropolis.

Page  70 CHURL 70 CITATION Churl, n. 1. Rustic, peasant, proletary, 2. Space, region, tract, district. countryman, clodhopper, bumpkin, 3. Boundary, compass, boundary ploughman,_ clown. line, distance round. 2. Ill-bred man, surly fellow. 4. Course, tour, round, perambula3. Niggard, miser, skinflint, scrimp, tion, journey. curmudgeon, hunks, mean fellow. Circuitous, a. Tortuous, devious, turnChurlish, a. 1. Rude, harsh, BRUSQUE, ing, winding, indirect, round about. uncivil, impolite, rough, brutal, surly,. Circular, a. Round, annular, ringcynical, snarling, snappish, waspish. shaped. 2. Crabbed, morose, sullen, ill-tem- Circulate, v. n. 1. Move round, move pered. in a circle. 3. Niggardly, miserly, close, close- 2. Spread, be diffused, have curfisted, sordid, penurious, stingy, mean, rency. mercenary, avaricious, illiberal. Circulate, v. a. Spread, diffuse, disChurlishness, it. 1. Rudeness, incivi- seminate, promulgate, propagate, give lity, roughness, brutality, barbarism. currency to, spread abroad. 2. Crabbedness, moroseness, sullen- Circulation, n. 1. Motion in a circle. ness, tartness, acrimony, acerbity, 2. Diffusion, dissemination, promulasperity, harshness, bitterness, ill tem- gation, propagation. per, bad blood. 3. Currency, money, circulating me3. Niggardliness, stinginess, penuri- dium. ousness, closeness, meanness. Circumambient, a. Surrounding, enChurn-owl, n. Goat-sucker, night-jar,' compassing, encircling, circling, cirwheel-bird (Caprimulfgus Europeas). culnjacent, ambient. Churr-worm, it. Mole-cricket, fan- Circumference, a. Periphery. cricket, fen-cricket (Gryllotalpa vul- Circumjacent, a. Surrounding, encomgaris). passing, encircling, ambient, circumCicada, it. Harvest-fly, LOCUST (popu- ambient, lying around. larly, but erroueously, so called in the Circumllocution, 1. Periphrasis, periU. S. phrase, circuit or compass of words, S)CicatrI. } i Scar, seam. indirect expression, roundabout mode Cicatrix,. Scaof speech. Cicatrize, v. a. Heal, skin over. Circumlocutory, a. Periphrastical, Cicisbeo, a. [It.] Gallant (of a married periphrastic. woman), beau, suitor, lover, admirer, Circumnavigate, v. a. Sail round. dangler about women. Circumnscribe, v. a. Bound, encircle, Ci-devant, a. [Fr.] Former, late, quon- surround, enclose, confine, restrict, dam, old-time. limit, keep within bounds. Cimeter, it. Falchion. Circumspect, a. Cautious, wary, careCimeter-shaped, a. Acinaciform. ful, watchful, heedful, considerate, juCimmerian, a. Black, very dark, in- dicious, vigilant, attentive, discreet, tensely dark. prudent; not rash, heedless, or headCinchona, ai. Quinquina, Peruvian long. bark, Jesuit's bark, Cinchona bark. Circumspection, n?. Caution, wariness, Cincture, la. Band, belt, girdle, CESTUS. watchfulness, thoughtfulness, care, Cinctured, a. Girled, belted. vigilance, attention, prudence, discreCinders, n. pl. Embers. tion. Cinereous, a. Ashy, cineritious, like Circumstance, t. Incident, accident, ashes. subsidiary fact. Cineritious, a. Ashy, CINEREOUS. Circumstances, a.pl. Situation, condiCinnabar, s. 1. Red sulphuret of mer- tion, position, state of affairs, pecuniary cury (native), bi-sulphuret of mercury. standing. 2. Vermilion, red sulphuret of mer- Circumstantial, a. Particular, minute, cury (artificial). detailed. Cion, 1. Sprout, shoot, twig, branch, Circumvent, v. a. Deceive, cheat, descion, offshoot. fraud, trick, cozen, overreach, delude, Cipher, n. 1. Zero, naught or nought, hoodwink, dupe, gull, bamboozle, nothing. cllouse, outwit, diddle, beguile, mis2. Character, symbol, device. lead, inveigle, impose upon. 3. Secret character, private alphabet. Circumvention, it. Fraud, deception, Cipher, v. it. Practise arithmetic. imposition, imposture, deceit, cheat, Circean, a. Magical, enchanting. cheating, trick, trickery. Circle, it. 1. Round, plane figure. Cirrus, ni. [pl. Cirri.] 1. (Bot.) Tendril, 2. Circumference, periphery, ring. filament. 3. Orb, sphere, globe, ball. 2. (Zoul.) Filamentary appendage. 4. Returning series. 3. (meteor.) Curl cloud, cat's tail, 5. Compass, enclosure. mare's tail. 6. Company, society, class, frater- Cistern, i. Reservoir, tank. nity, COTERIE, CLIQUE, set. Citadel, n. FORTRESS, castle, strongCirclet, n. Little circle. hold. Circuit, n. 1. Revolution, circular Citation, n. 1. Summons, official call course. or notice.

Page  71 CITE 71 CLATTERING 2. Quotation, extract, excerpt, quoted Clank, v. n. Clang, clash. passage. Clap, v. a. 1. Pat, strike gently. ~3. Enumeration, mention. 2. Thrust, force, put hastily. Cite, v. a. 1. Summon, send for. 3. Applaud (by striking the hands to2. Quote, adduce, extract. gether), cheer. 3. Enumerate, mention, bring for- Clap, 1. 1. Blow, knock, slap. ward. Explosion, burst. Citizenl, n. Inhabitant, resident, dweller. 3. Gonorrhcea, venereal disease. City, i. Incorporated town. Clap-trap, it. Trick (for the sake of Civic, a. Civil (as distigzuished frots eftict, as on the stage), sham, HUMBUG, military), municipal, political, not mili- feint, imposture, pretence, delusion, tary. imposition, BAlI. Civil, a. 1. Civilized. not savage. Clap-trap, a. Deceptive, delusive, coun2. Municipal, political, civic, not terfeit, sham, mock, spurious, false, military. make-believe. 3. Intestine, domestic, not foreign. Clarification, n. Purification, clearing. 4. Courteous, ceremonious, polite, Clarify, v. a. Purify, clear, make clear. refined, complaisant, urbane, obliging, Clash, v. it. 1. Collide, come into colaffable, debonair, easy, gracious, well- lision, strike against each other. bred. 2. Clank, clang. Civilities, i.pl. Acts of courtesy. 3. Disagree, contend, interfere, be Civility, n. Courtesy, courteousness, mutually opposed, act in a contrary urbanity, politeness, affability, coin- direction. plaisance, amiability, suavity, good Clash, n. 1. Collision. breeding, elegance of mlanners. 2. Clang, clank, clangor, clashing. Civilization, ni. Culture, cultivation, 3. Opposition, contradiction. retfinement. Clashing, i7. 1. Clang, clank, clangor, Civilize, v. a. Refine, cultivate, edu- clash. cate, polish, enlighten, improve, hu- 2. Opposition, contradiction, hosmanize, reclaim frolll barbarism. tility, einmity. Clack, n. 1. Click, clink, tick, beat. Clasp, v. a. 1. Fasten with a clasp. 2. Prate, prattle, babble, babbling, 2. Grasp, gripe, clutch, grapple, put gossip, palaver, cackle, gabble, gab, the fingers around, lay hold of, fasten idle talk, small talk. upon. Clack, v. n. 1. Click, clink. 3. Embrace, hug. 2. Prate, prattle, babble, gabble, Clasp, n. 1. Hook, catch, HASP. chatter, jabber, clatter, gossip, talk 2. Embrace, hug. idly. Class, n. 1. Rank or order (of persons). Claim, v. a. Require, ask, demand, 2. Set (as of pupils pursuing thle same challenge, call for. studies). Claim, v. n. Derive a right, obtain a 3, Scientific division (of animate or title. inanimtzate objects, including orders, Claim, it. 1. Demand, call, requisition. genera, and species), kind, sort. 2. Right, pretension, title, privilege. 4. Category, predicament. Clairvoyance, nt. Seeing without eyes, Class, v. a. Arrange, rank, range, classeeing in a mesmerlic state. sify, dispose, distribute, form into Clairvoyant, a. Able to see without classes. eyes, seeing by mesmeric influence. Class-fellow, n. Classmate. Claim, v. a. Clog (with glutinous matter). Classic, n. First-rate work (of literaClamber, v. i. Climb (wtith difficulty), tare), work of the first class. scramble. Classic, } a. 1. First-rate, of the first Clammy, a. Viscous, glutinous, gum- Classical, class (in literature). my, viscid, sticky, slimy, ropy, ad- 2. Greek or Latin. hesive, dauby, smeary. 3. Elegant, polished, refined, chaste, Clamor, it. Outcry, vociferation, ex- pure, Attic. clamation, noise, hullabaloo, hubbub, Classicalism, n. Classicism; classical uproar, blare. taste, idiom, style, or expression. Clamor, v. t. Vociferate, cry out, make Classicism, n. CLASSICALISM. outcries. Classification, ni. Arrangement, disClamorous, a. Vociferous, noisy, bois- position, distribution, grouping, reterous, obstreperous, uproarious, bla- ducing to order. tant. Classify, v. a. Arrange, class, distribute, Clan, n. 1. Race, tribe, family. dispose, form into classes, reduce to 2. CLIQUE, COTERIE, set, gang, order. brotherhood, fraternity, sodality. Classmate, n. Class-fellow. Clandestine, a. Concealed (for a bad Clatter, v. is. 1. Rattle. purpose), hidden, private, underhand, 2. Prate, prattle, babble, clack, underhanded, sly. gabble, clatter, jabber, talk loudly. Clang, ni. Clangor, clank, clash, clash- Clatter, n. Rattling, clattering, clutter, ing. confused noise. Clang, v. an. Clank, clash. Clattering, n. CLATTER, confused Clangor, n. Clang, clank. noise.

Page  72 CLAUSE 72 CLIENT Clause, n. 1. Part or subdivision (of a 6. Pass by or over without touching. sentence). Clearance, n, 1. Discharge, release, 2. Article, provision, proviso, condi- exoneration, acquittal. tion, stipulation. 2. lComn.) Permission to leave port, Clavate, a. (Bot. and Zodl.) Clavi- permission to sail. Clavated, form, club-shaped. Clear away, v. n. Be fair, be fair Clavicle, n. Collar-bone. weather, clear off, clear up. Claviform, a. (Bot.) Clavate, clavated, Clear-headed, a. INTELLIGENT, disclub-shaped. cerning, clear-sighted, keen-sighted, Clavis, n. [L. pi. Claves; Eng. pl. Cla- shrewd, sagacious, acute, long-headed. vises.] Key, explanation, clew, guide. Clear of, Rid of, free from. Claw, n. Talon. Clear off, Be fair, be fair weather, clear Claw, v. a. Tear (with the claws), scratch, away, clear up. lacerate, laniate. Clear-sighted, a. Discerning, INTELLIClay, iB. Argillaceous earth (consisting GENT, shrewd, sagacious, acute, longprincipally of alumina and silica). headed, keen-sighted, clear-headed. Clean, a. 1. Unstained, unspotted, spot- Clear up, (Neuter.) Be fair, be fair less, unsoiled, unsullied, immaculate, weather, clear off, clear away. cleanly, neat. Clear up, (Active.) Explain, expound, 2. Entire, complete, perfect, not de- make out, make plain. fective. Cleave, V. n. 1. Adhere, cohere, stick, 3. Pure, innocent, free from moral hold, be attached. impurity. 2. Cling, be united, be joined. Clean, ad. Entirely, completely, per- 3. Separate, divide, part, open, split, fectly, altogether, wholly, thoroughly, crack, be divided, be sundered, be sevfully, in all respects, in every respect, ered. out and out. Cleave, v. a. Split, rive, tear asunder. Clean, v. a. Cleanse, purify, make Cleavers, s. Hariff, goose-grass, catchclean, free from dirt. weed, scratch-weed (Galium aparine). Cleanly, a. CLEAN, neat, tidy. Cleft, In. Crevice, chink, fissure, rift, Cleanly, ad. Neatly, in a clean or neat break, breach, gap, cranny, crack, inmanner. terstice, opening, fracture, chap, chasm. Cleanse, v. a. Purify, clean, make Clemency, is. 1. Lelity, mercy, genclean, free from dirt. tleness, leniency, tenderness, kindness, Cleansing, n. Purification, purifying. compassion, fellow-feeling, long-sufferCleansing, a. Purifying, purgative, ab- ing. stergent, cathartic. 2. Mildness, softness. Clear, a. 1. Transparent, bright, pel- Clement, a. Lenient, merciful, comlucid, limpid. passionate, kind, indulgent, tender, 2. Unmixed, pure. gentle, humane, kind-hearted, tender3. Unobstructed, unencumbered, free, hearted. open. Clepsydra, n. Water-clock. 4. Serene, fair, cloudless, unclouded, Clergy, n. Ministers, clergymen, CLOTH, sunny, unobscured, undimmed. body of ecclesiastics (in distinctionfrom 5. Net, without deductions. the laity). 6. Perspicuous, lucid, distinct, plain, Clergyman, n. Minister, divine, priest, intelligible. pastor, parson, ecclesiastic, churchman. 7. Apparent, visible, palpable, evi- Clerk, n. I. Recorder, registrar, scribe, dent, obvious, manifest, distinct, con- penman, accountant. spicuous, patent, unequivocal, unmis- 2. Assistant (in aplace of business). takable, indisputable, undeniable, un- Clever, a. 1. Dexterous. skilful, apt, ambiguous, unquestionable, not to be handy, ready, quick, smart, expert, mistaken. able. 8. Perspicacious, sharp, acute, dis- 2. [U. S.] Kind, benign, amiable, cerning, prompt, quick. obliging, accommodating, well-mean9. Innocent, unspotted, spotless, ing, well-disposed, good-natured, kindguiltless, sinless, irreproachable, un- hearted. blemished, unsullied, undefiled, immac- Clew, n. Guide, direction, CLAvIS, clue. ulate, clean. Click, v. ss. Tick, clack, clink, beat. 10. Musical, silvery, sonorous, mellif- Click, a. 1. Tick, clack, clink, beat. luous, euphonious, not harsh, not jar- 2. Pawl, detent, catch, ratchet. ring. Clink, v. n. CLICK, clack. Clear, v. a. 1. Clarify, purify, refine, Clink, as. CLICK, clack. cleanse, make clear. Cleverness, n. 1. Dexterity, adroit2. Free, loose, liberate, emancipate, ness, skill, aptness, aptitude, readiness, disinthrall, set free. quickness, smartness, expertness, abil3. Acquit, absolve, exonerate, dis- ity. charge, justify, vindicate, set right. 2. [ U. S.] Benignity, kindness, kind4. Extricate, disengage, disentangle, liness, amiability, kind-heartedness, disembarrass. fellow-feeling, good-nature. 5. Net, get or gain over and above Client, a. 1. Dependant. expenses. 2. Patron (of a lawyer).

Page  73 CLIENTAGE 73 CLOWNISH Clientage, n. Body of clients. 3. Reserved, taciturn, reticent, secreCliental, a. 1. [Rare.] Dependent. tive, not communicative, of few words. 2. Of clients. 4. Retired, withdrawn, concealed, Cliff, n. Crag, precipice, high and steep secluded, pent up. rock. 5. Confined, stagnant, motionless. Climacteric, it. Critical period of life. 6. Oppressive, uncomfortable. Climate, an. 1. Clime, zone, region, 7. Dense, compact, solid, compressed, country. firm, thick. 2. Weather, state of the atmosphere. 8. Near, approaching nearly. Climax, n. 1. (Rhet.) Gradation (in 9. Intense, intent, unremitting, earthe structure of sentences), gradual rise. nest, fixed. 2. Highest point, greatest degree. 10. Faithful, accurate, precise, exact, Cliimb, v. ns. Mount or ascend (with di- strict, nice. culty), get up, creep up. 11. Parsimonious, stingy, penurious, Climb, v. a. Mount or ascend (with dif- miserly, niggardly, close-fisted, closefJiculty), clamber, scramble. handed, mean, illiberal, ungenerous. Ctilie, n. Region, country, zone, climate. Close by, Very near, within a short Clinch, v. a. 1. Grasp, gripe, clasp, distance, hard by. clutch, grapple, lay hold of. Close-fisted, a. Penurious, parsimo2. Fasten, secure. nious, stingy, miserly; niggardly, mean, 3. Confirm, fix, establish. close, grasping, close-handed, with an Clinch, it. 1. Pun, ambiguity, quibble, itching palm. CALEMBOUR, DOUBLE-E NTENDRE, dou- Close-handed, a. CLOSE-FISTED. ble meaning, play upon words. Closet, it. Cabinet, small room. 2. Clincher, cramp, hold-fast. Close up, Unite, join, consolidate, bring Clincher, n. 1. Cramp, clinch, hold- together. fast. Close with, 1. Accede to, consent to, 2. Conclusive argument. agree to. Cling, v. n. Adhere, hold, stick, cleave, 2. Agree with, make an agreement be attached. hold fast. with. Clip, v. a. 1. Cut. 3. Grapple with. 2. Prune, curtail, cut short. Clot, n. Concretion, coagulation, crassClip, n. 1. Shearing, cutting. ament, CRASSAsIENTUsM. 2. Quantity sheared (as of wool). Clot, v. n. Concrete, coagulate. 3. fColloquial, U. S.] Blow (oith the Cloth, it. 1. Woven fabric. hand), rap, knock. 2. [With The prefixed.] Clergy, clerClique, n. [Fr.] [Generally used in a ical profession. bad sense.] Coterie, club, brotherhood, Clothe, v. ca. 1. Dress, attire, apparel, sodality, clan, junto, CABAL, CAMIA- array, robe, put garments upon. BILLA, party, gang, set, private or ex- 2. Provide garments for, provide elusive association. with clothes, furnish with raiment. Cloak, n. 1. Mantle. 3. Invest (with authority, &c.). 2. Mask, veil, cover, blind. Clothes, n. pl. Garments, raiment, apCloak, v. a. Mask, hide, veil, cover. parel, attire, vesture, vestments, dress, Clod, is. 1. Lump of earth. clothing, garb, costume, habiliments, 2. Ground, earth, turf, sod. habits. Clodhopper, ez. Rustic, peasant, coun- Clothing, n. Garments, CLOTHES. tryman, boor, swain, hind, bumpkin, Cloud, n. 1. Nebulosity, haze, mist, ploughman, clown, fog, vapor, collection of vapor. Clod-poll, is. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE.' 2. Dense mass (as of snokel). Clog, v. a. 1. Trammel, shackle, fetter. 3. Darkness, obscurity, gloom. 2. Obstruct, impede, hinder, restrain, Cloud, v. a. 1. Darken, obscure, dim, embarrass, cumber, encumber, CLAM. shade, shadow. Clog, sn. 1. Trammel, fetter, shackle, 2. Variegate (with dark veins or spots). drag weight, dead weight. Cloud-compeller, n.. Jupiter, Jove. 2. Impediment, encumbrance, hin- Cloudy, a. 1. Clouded murky, lowerderance, obstacle, obstruction, check, ering, lurid, overcast. drawback. 2. Obscure, dark, dim, not clear. Cloister, is. Convent, monastery, abbey, 3. Gloomy, dismal, not cheerful. nunnery, priory. Clown, n. 1. Rustic, peasant, swain, Cloisteral, a. Recluse, solitary, seclud- ploughman, countryman, bumpkin, ed, sequestered, monastic. lout, clodpole, boor, hind. Close, v. a. 1. Shut, shut up. 2. Churl, ill-bred man. 2. Stop, obstruct, choke, stop up. 3. Buffoon, fool, mountebank, harle3. Conclude, finish, terminate, end, quin, jester, droll, punch, zany, scaracomplete, bring to a period. mouch, merry Andrew, jack-pudding, Close, v. n. 1. Unite, coalesce, come pickle-herring. together, be brought together. Clownish, a. 1. Rustic, boorish, lout2. Terminate, end, be concluded. ish, coarse, rough, awkward, clumsy, Close, n. End, conclusion, termination. ungainly. Close, a. 1. Tight, closed, shut fast. 2. Rude, impolite, uncivil, ill-bred, 2. Hidden, secret, private. ill-mannered.

Page  74 CLOY 74 CODGER Cloy, v. a. Satiate, glut, surfeit, pall, Coat, n. 1. Outer garment (of men). sate. 2. Cover, covering, integumuent, coatClub, n. 1. Bludgeon, cudgel. ing. 2. Association, society, company, set, Coat, v. a. Cover, spread a covering fraternity, sodality, COTERIE, CLIQUE. over. Club, v. 2. Co-operate, unite together, Coating,?. Covering, coat. act in concert, club together. Coax, v. a. Wheedle, cajole, flatter, Club-house, Xn. CASINO. cog, persuade by fondling, prevail upon Clue, i. Guide, direction, clew, CLAVIS. by flattery. Clu1P, n2. Cluster, bunch, group, as- Cob, Si. 1. Sea-mew, sea-cob, gull, mew. semblage. 2. Horse (short-legged and stout). Clumlsy, a. 1. Unwieldy, ponderous, 3. [ U. S.] Spike (of maize), corn-cob. heavy, lumbering, ill-shaped, ill-made. Cobble, v. a. Botch, tinker, patch up, 2. Awkward, unhandy, bungling, mend clumsily. maladroit, inapt, unskilful, without Cobble, i. Cobble-stone, small round dexterity. stone. Cluster, i1. Clump, bunch, group, as- Cobble-stone, a. COBBLE. semblage, coMIA. Cobbler, Xi. 1. Mender of shoes. Cluster, V. v.. Grow in bunches, grow in 2. Clumsy workman. clusters, collect together. Cobra, it. Hooded snake, COBRA-DEClutch, 7. a. Grasp, gripe, grapple, CAPELLO. seize, catch, snatch, lay hold of, fasten Cobra-de-Capello, ni. [Port.] Cobra, upon. hoodled snake, spectacled snake (Ncja Clutch,?i. Grasp, gripe, seizure. tripudianls). Clutches, it. pl. 1. Paws, talons. Cobweb, sI. Spider's web. 2. Hands (implying rapacity or crL- Cochineal, si. Cochineal insect (siWlle'l elty). by boiling water, asnd dried in the suns?). Clutter, i. 1. Bustle, clatter, clattering, Cochleary, a. COCHLEATE, COCHLEATconfused noise. ED, spiral, spiry, screw-shaped. 2. Confused mass. Cochleate, a. Spiral, COHLEARY. Clypeiforin, a. Scutate, shield-shaped. Cochleated,j Clyster, si. Injection, enema, lavenlent. Cock, at. Chanticleer, ROOSTER. Coadjutor, in. Assistant, helper, co- Cock-a-hoop, a. Boasting, boastful, operator, auxiliary, colleague, partner, bragging, vauuting, vaporing, blusteraider, ally, abettor, co-aid. ing, exulting, triumphant. Coagulate, v. a. & i. Curdle, concrete, Cock-and-bull story, Absurd story, thicken, clot. exaggerated tale. Coagulation,?i. 1. Curdling, concre- Cockatrice, it. Basilisk. tion. Cockehafer, ni. May-bug, dor, dor-bug, 2. Clot, coagulum. tree-beetle, dor-beetle, May-beetle, Coagulum, ia. Clot, coagulation. dummador (Meloitha vulgaris). Co-aid, aL. Assistant, COADJUTOR. Cock-crowing, i. Dawn, day-break, Coalesce, v.?i. 1. Unite, combine, peep of day, first blush of the mornblend, come together, become consoli- ing. dated. Cocker, v. a. [Rare.] Indulge (unzduly), 2. Concur, fraternize, come to an fondle, pamper. agreement. Cockerel, nl. Young cock or rooster. Coal-fish, s1. Cudden (Gades carboni- Cockering, si. Indulgence (to excess), arius). pamperinlg, humoring. Coal-hod, a. Coal-scuttle. Cock-eyed, a. Squint-eyed. Coalition, in. Union, alliance, confed- Cockle, v. a. Wrinkle, corrugate, puckeracy, federation, confederation, league, er, gather into folds. combination, copartnerslhip, compact, Cockling, a. Curling, ruffled. federal compact, federal union. Cock-loft, si. Garret, loft, attic, upper Coal-measures, si. pl. Bed of coal, story. strata of coal, carboniferous group. Cocksure, a. [Colloquial.] Very sure, Coal-mine, ti. Colliery, coal-pit. quite sure, quite certain, very confiCoal-pit, it. Colliery, coal-mine. dent. Coal-scuttle, si. Coal-hod. Cod, it. Codfish (3Morrhua vulgaris). Coarse, a. 1. Of large size. Coddle, v. a. 1. Parboil, boil slightly. 2. Of large fibres or particles. 2. Humor, coax, cajole, wheedle, 3. Crude, rough, impure, unpurified. court, STUFF, pay court to, fawn upon, 4. Gross, broad, indelicate, indecent, curry favor with, try to win by adulavulgar, not refined. tion. 5. Rudle, unpolished, uncivil, impo- 3. Fondle, caress, pet, treat with lite, gruff, bluff, bearish, brutal. fondness, make much of. 6. Mean, vile, inelegant. Code, it. Digest, collection of laws. Coast, n. 1. [Rare.] Border, frontier. Codfish, n. COD. 2. Shore, beach, strand, seaboard, Codger, n. 1. Miser, niggard, churl, seaside, seacoast. curmudgeon, lick-penny, skinflint, Coast, v. ai. 1. Sail along the coast. scrimp, hunks, screw, muckworm. 2. Slide down a hill (on a sled). 2. Queer old man, eccentric person.

Page  75 CODICIL 75 COLLECTION Codicil, it. Supplement or postscript Coin, is. Specie, cash, metallic money, (to a will). hard money, stamped money. Codify, v. a. Digest, systematize, reduce Coin, v. a. 1. Convert (metal) into monto a code or digest. ey by stamping. Ceeliac, a. Of the belly. 2. Invent, fabricate, devise, create. Cceliac passion, Chronic diarrhcea. Coinage, xi. 1. Coin. Co-equal, a. Co-ordinate, on a level, on 2. Invention, fabrication, creation. a par. Coincide, v. it. 1. Correspond, quadCoerce, v. a. 1. Restrain, curb, check, rate, square, tally, cohere. put under restraint. 2. Agree, concur, harmonize, be of 2. Compel, force, drive, constrain. the same mind. Coercion, it. 1. Restraint, check, curb. Coincidence, a. 1. Correspondence. 2. Compulsion, constraint. 2. Agreement, concurrence, consistCoercive, a. 1. Coercing, checking, re- ency. straining, Coincident, a. 1. Correspondent, tally2. Coslstraining, compelling, compul- ing, squaring. sory. 2. Agreeing, concurring, concurrent. Coetaneous, a. COEVAL. COition, ss. Copulation. Coeval, a. Coetaneous, of the same Cold, a. 1. Frigid, GELID, cool, not age. warm, not hot. Coexist, v. a. Exist together, exist at 2. Bleak, raw, biting, cutting, nipthe same time. ping, frosty, icy, wintry, hyemal, bruCoexistent, a. Simultaneous, synchro- mal. nous. 3. Chilly, chill, shivering. Coffer, it. L. Money-chest, strong-box, 4. Apathetic, phlegmatic, stoical, safe. unfeeling, unsusceptible, unimpressi2. (Arch.) Sunken panel. ble, passionless, cold-blooded, sluggish, Cog, v. a. 1. COAx, wheedle. torpid, lukewarm, dead, indifferent, 2. Furnish with cogs. unconcerned. Cog, v. ss. Deceive, CHEAT. 5. Unaffecting, uninteresting. Cog, n. 1. Trick, deceit, fraud, cheat. Cold, is. 1. Absence of warmth, priva2. Tooth (of a cwhseel). tion of heat. Cogency, is. Force, strength, power. 2. Coldness, chilliness. Cogent, a. Forcible, effective, powerful, 3. Catarrh, cough (or other inflannzaurgent, potent, irresistible, resistless, tory disease producedl by exposure to convincing, conclusive. cold). Cogitate, v. is. Meditate, think, reflect, Cold-blooded, a. 1. With cold blood. consider, ponder, deliberate, ruminate, 2. Unfeeling, apathetic, passionless, muse. COLD, cold-hearted, hard-hearted, cruel. Cogitation, is. Meditation, thought, Cold-hearted, a. Unfeelillng, COLDreflection, deliberation. BLOODED. Cognate, a. Allied, akin, kin, related, Colewort, is. Kale. kindred, similar, analogous, alike, of Colic, i. Belly-ache, pain in the bowels. a piece. Collapse, ia. 1. Falling together, falling Cognition, is. Knowledge, cognizance. in (as thle sides of a flue). Cognizance, n. Knowledge, cognition, 2. (iMed.) Prostration, exhaustion, observation. extreme depression. Cognizant of, Aware of, acquainted Collapse, v. l. Fall together, fall in. with, familiar with, conversant with, Collar, is. Neck-band. having knowledge of. Collar-bone, is. Clavicle. Cognomen, n. Surname, family Collate, v.a. Compare, bring into comname. parison, estimate relatively. Cohabit, v. is. Live together (as lsssbanzd Collateral, a. 1. Indirect, subordinand wife). ate, not directly to the point. Co-heir, i. Joint heir. 2. Corroboratory, confirmatory, conCohere, v. is. 1. Adhere, cleave, unite, current. hold, stick together, hold together. Collation, ni. 1. Comparison. 2. Suit, fit, agree, square, quadrate, 2. Meal (less than a feast), repast, tally, coincide, comport. entertainment, treat. Coherence, it. Cohesion, union, con- Colleague, is. Associate (in some office, Coherency, nection, dependence.'especially iu that of a clergymsanz ), coad2. Consistency, congruity, corre- jutor, co-operator, assistant, helper, spondence, harmony, agreement. aider, co-aid, partner, ally. Coherent, a. 1. Connected, united, Collect, v. a. 1. Gather, assemble, mussticking together. ter, bring together, scrape together. 2. Consistent, congruous, logical. 2. Accumulate, amass, aggregate, Cohesion, is. Coherence, sticking to- garner, heap up, garIler up. gether. 3. Infer, deduce, consider probable. Coiffure, is. Head-dress. Collection, ni. 1. Assemblage, group, Coil, v. a. Gather into a coil. cluster, gathering, crowd. Coil, n. Convolution, BIGHT, circular 2. Accumulation, heap, mass, hoard, heap. store, pile, aggregation.

Page  76 COLLECT ONE'S SELF 76 COME-OUTER 3. Contribution (for charitable pusr- Coma, i. 1. (iMed.) Lethargy, dozing, poses). stupor, drowsiness (from disease). Collect one's self, Recover from sur- 2. (Astron.) Envelope. prise, recover one's self-possession, be- 3. (Bot.) Tuft, cluster, bunch, clump. come calm. Comatose, a. Lethargic, drowsy College, n. 1. Society (of persons en- Comatous, I (from disease), dozing, gaged -in common pursuits), community, stupid, stupefied. body. Combat, v. n. Fight, contend, struggle, 2. University, literary institution or contest, war. seminary of learning (of the highest Combat, v. a. Oppose, resist, withstand, class). contend against, battle with, struggle 3. College edifice or building. with, war against. Collide, v. s. Clash, come into collision, Combat, n. Battle, fight, conflict, enstrike against each other. gagement, action, contest, encounter, Colliery, n. Coal-mine, coal-pit. rencounter, skirmish, brush, affair. Collision, n. 1. Clash, shock, concussion. Combatant, a. Fighter, CHAMPION, 2. Opposition, interference, clashing, warrior. conflict. Combativeness, a. Propensity to fight. Collocate, v. a. [Rare.] Place, set, dis- Combination, n. 1. Union, conjuncpose, arrange. tion, connection, association. Collocation, n. Arrangement, disposi- 2. Alliance, coalition, confederacy, tion, grouping. league, complot, conspiracy, cabal. Collop, a. Slice (of meat), RASHER. 3. Mixture, compound, amalgamsColloquial, a. Conversational. tion. Colloquy, a. Dialogue, conversation, Combine, v. a. 1. Unite, join together. conference, talk, discourse. 2. Mix, blend, incorporate, amalgaCollude, v. n. Participate in fraud, con- mate, compound, put together. spire fraudulently. Combine, v. n. Coalesce, -be united. Collusion, ns. 1. COVIN, participation Combustibility, n. Combustibleness, in fraud. inflammability, inflammableness. 2. Artifice (practised in pursuance of Combustible, a. Inflammable. sosne secret agreemeent), fraud, deceit. Conlbustibleness, ns. Combustibility. Collusive, a. Deceitful, fraudulent, de- Combustion, n. Conflagration, burnceptive, dishonest, covinous. ing. Collyrinml, n. [L.] (Med.) Eye-water, Come, v. n. 1. Approach, advance, wash or lotion for the eyes. draw near, tend hitherward. Colocynth, a. Coloquintida, bitter- 2. Arrive, get to, reach or attain any apple, bitter-cucumber. place or point. Cologne, Ian. EAU-DE-COL- 3. Proceed, issue, arise, result, folCologne-water, OGNE. low, flow, ensue, originate, be derived, Coloquintida, n. Colocynth, bitter- be due or owing, take rise. apple, bitter-cucumber. 4. Happen, occur, befall, betide, take Color, n. 1. Hue, tint, tinge, shade. place, come to pass, fall out. 2. Pigment, paint. Come about, Happen, come to pass. 3. Plea, pretext, pretence, excuse, Come at, Reach, obtain, get at. guise, disguise, semblance, appearance, Comie by, Get, obtain, gain, get possesmake-shift, false show. sion of. Color, v. a. 1. Tinge, dye, paint, stain. Coluedian, n. Comic actor. 2. Disguise, varnish, gloss over, make Come home, 1. Get home, reach plausible. home. Color, v. n. Redden, blush, show color. 2. Touch closely, interest deeply, Color-blindness, n. Daltonism. concern especially. Colorless, a. Uncolored, hueless, un- Come in, 1. Enter. tinged, achromatic. 2. Accrue (as gain). Color-sergeant, st. Ensign, standard- Come in for, Make a claim for. bearer. Come into, 1. Enter. Colophony, nt. Resin (frosts the pine), 2. Comply with, assent to, fall in rosin. with. Colors, sn. pl. Flag, standard; ensign, Comeliness, n. 1. Propriety, fitness, banner. suitableness. Colossal, a. Gigantic, huge, monstrous, 2. Symmetry, grace, gracefulness, immense, enormous, prodigious, Cyclo- beauty. pean, Herculean. Comely, a. 1. Becoming, fitting, suitColossus, n. Gigantic statue. able, seemly, decorous, decent. Colporter, n. Pedler (of?religious 2. Symmetrical, graceful, handsome, books), hawker of tracts. beautiful, PRETTY. Colt, nI. Young horse (male orfemale). Come near, Approximate, approach. Coltish, a. - Frisky, rampant, playful, Come of, Proceed, issue, grow out of. frolicsome, sportive, gay. Come on, 1. Advance. Colulabary, n. Dove-cot, pigeon-house. 2. Succeed, thrive. Column, n. 1. Pillar (that is round). Come-outer, n. [U.S.] Radical, radi2. File, line, row. cal reformer.

Page  77 COME ROUND 77 COMMISERATE Come round, Change, veer. 2. Rule, sway, authority, power, doCome short, Fail, be deficient, be minion, government, control, ascenwanting. dancy, supremacy. Comet, n. Blazing star. Commander, n. Chief, chieftain, leadCome to, 1. Consent, yield. er, captain. 2. Amount to. Commandment, n. Mandate, precept, 3. Recover (asfromfaintingz). command. Come to a head, 1. Mature, suppu- Comme il faut, [Fr.] Right, fit, proper, rate, fester. appropriate, seemly, meet, becoming, 2. Come to a crisis. as it should be. Come to grief, [Colloquial.] 1. Fail, Commnemorate, v. a. Celebrate, solresult disastrously. emnize. 2. Be ruined, meet with disaster. Commemoration, a. Celebration, solCome to hand, Be received. emnization. Come to one's self, Recover one's Commelmorative, a. Memorial. senses. Commence, v. a. 1. Begin, originate, Come to pass, 1. Happen, chance, take rise. occur, befall, betide, fall out. 2. Take the first step, make a begin2. Be fulfilled. ning, break ground, break the ice. Come to the gallows, Be hanged. Commence, v. a. Begin, institute, Come up, 1. Rise ascend. originate, enter upon, set about, set 2. Shoot (as a plant fro07 the earth), on foot, set in operation. spring up. Commencement, n. Beginning, outCome up with, Overtake. set, opening. Comfit,n. Sweetmeat(dry), confection, Commend, v. a. 1. Recommend, beconfect, conserve, preserve. speak regard for. Comfort, v. a. Solace, console, cheer, 2. Commit, intrust, yield. gladden, encourage, inspirit, enliven, 3. Praise, extol, applaud, laud, euloanimate, revive, refresh, invigorate, gize, cry up, speak well of, say a good relieve, strengthen. word for, sing or sound the praises of. Comfort, i. 1. Support, assistance, aid, Commendable, a. Laudable, praisehelp, succor, countenance. worthy, to be commended. 2. Solace, consolation, encourage- Commendation, n. 1. Recomniendament, relief. tion, approval, approbation, good opin3. Ease, enjoyment, satisfaction. ion. Comfortable, a. 1. Agreeable, pleas- 2. Praise, encomium, eulogy, paneant, pleasurable, grateful, gratifying, gyric, good word. acceptable, welcome. Colmmlendations, n. pl. Regards, com2. Snug, convenient, adapted for pliments, respects. comfort. Comlmendatory, a. Commending, lau3. [ U. S.] At ease, free from pain. datory, eulogistic, complimentary, enComforter, a. 1. Consoler. comiastic, panegyrical. 2. Paraclete, Holy Spirit, Spirit of Comlnensurable, a. Commeasurable, Truth. conjnensurate. 3. [U. S.] Stuffed coverlet, wadded Commensurate, a. 1. Commeasuraquilt.'ble, commensurable. Comfortless, a. 1. Forlorn, cheerless, 2. Proportionate, equal, coextensive. desolate, wretched, miserable. Coalmment, v. n. Annotate, make notes, 2. Inconsolable, disconsolate, woe- make comments or remarks. begone, heart-broken, broken-hearted. Comment, i. 1. Annotation, note, exColic, a. Droll, funny, farcical, planation, elucidation, illustration, Comical, J ludicrous, laughable, di- exposition, commentary. verting, sportive, humorous. 2. Remark, observation. Coming, a. Approach, advent, arrival. Commentary, lz. 1. COMMENT. Coming, a. Future, to come. 2. Book of comments. Comity, n. Courtesy, civility, amenity, 3. Memoir, familiar narrative. politeness, suavity, urbanity, affability, Colmentator, n. Annotator, exposigood breeding, good manners. tor, writer of comments. Command, v. a. 1. Order, direct, bid, Commnerce,?. 1. Dealing, trade, traffic, charge, require, enjoin. business. 2. Rule, govern, sway, control, lead, 2. Intercourse, communication. preside over. Commlercial, a. Trading, MIERCAN3. Claim, challenge. TILE, skilled in commerce. 4. Overlook, have finder range of Commlination, n. Threatening, threat, vision. menace, denunciation. Command, v. in. Govern, rule, exercise Commingle, v. a. Blend, mix, commix, authority, have control, take the lead, mingle, amalgamate, mingle together. rule the roast. Comminute, v. a. Pulverize, triturate, Command, n. 1. Order, direction, in- grind, bruise, bray, break to pieces. junction, mandate, behest, bidding, Comminuntion, n. Pulverization, tritcharge, requisition, commandment, uration. word of command. Commiserate, v. a. Pity, compassion

Page  78 COnMMISERATION 78 COMPANY ate, have pity for, sympathize with, 2. The public, the people, the cornfeel for, feel sorry for, condole with. munity, body of the people. Commiseration, n. Compassion, sym- Comnlotion, n. 1. Agitation, disturbpathy, pity, condolence, fellow-feeling. ance, perturbation. Commission, n. 1. Perpetration. 2. Turmoil, turbulence, tumult, dis2. Warrant of authority. order, violence, bustle, pother, ado, 3. Trust, charge, office, care, duty, TO-DO. task, employment, errand. Commune, v. n. 1. Converse, commu4. Allowance, fee, compensation. nicate, discourse, speak, talk, hold in5. Delegation, body of commission- tercourse. ers. 2. [U.S.] Receive the communion, Commission, v. a. 1. Authorize, em- partake of the Lord's Supper. power, give a commission to. Communicant, n. Partaker, sharer, 2. Depute, delegate, send on a cor- participator. mission. Communicate, v. a. 1. Impart, give, Commissioner, n. Agent. bestow, CONFER. Commissure, n. Seam, joint. 2. Disclose, reveal, divulge, declare, Commit, v. a. 1. Intrust, consign, con- announce, make known. fide, give in trust. Communicate, v. n. 1. Have connec2. Deposit, put, place, lay. tion (by apassage). 3. Perpetrate, enact, do, perform. 2. Correspond, have intercourse. 4. Imprison, send to prison. Communication, n. 1. Imparting, 5. Engage, pledge, implicate. giving. 6. Compromit, endanger, bring into 2. Intercourse, conversation, conferdanger, put at hazard, put in jeopardy. ence, commerce. Commitlnent, n. Imprisonment, com- 3. Connection (by apassage). mittal. Communicative, a. Free, unreserved, Committal, n. Commitment. open, sociable, social, affable, converCommittee, n. Board. sable. Commix, v. a. Blend, mingle, cor- Communion, n. 1. Participation, felmingle, mix, amalgamate.. lowship, converse, intercourse. Commixtuare, a. Intermixture, admix- 2. Eucharist, Sacrament, Lord's Supture, mixture, composition; compound, per. amalgamation. Communism, a. Socialism, FourierCommode, n. Small sideboard. ism, Phalansterism, Humanitarianism, Commodious, a. Convenient, useful, Saint Simonianism. advantageous, suitable, fit, proper. Community, ia. 1. Common or joint Commodity, n. Article of merchandise. possession. Commodities, n. pi. Merchandise, 2. [With The prefixed.] Commonwares, goods, produce. wealth, people, public, society, body Common, a. 1. Public, belonging to politic. all, for the use of all. 3. Association, brotherhood, college. 2. General, universal, used by all. Commutation, ni. 1. Exchange. 3. Usual, frequent, habitual, custom- 2. (Law.) Substitution (of a less for ary, every-day, often met-with. a greater punishiment). 4. Trite, stale, threadbare, hack- Commute, v. a. 1 Exchange. neyed, commonplace, not new, worn 2. Substitute. out. Compact, n. Agreement, contract, cov5. Ordinary, vulgar, low, inferior, enant, stipulation, bargain, treaty, not distinguished (by high birth, attain- concordat, convention, pact, arrangements or character). ment. Commonalty, n. The common people Compact, v. a. Consolidate, condense, (below the orders of nobility), the lower compress, join closely, press togethclasses. - er. Commoner, n. Middle-man. Compact, a. 1. Close, dense, solid, Common-law, n. Unwritten law. firm, compressed, pressed together, Commonplace, a. Trite, stale, back- closely put together, of firm texture. neyed, ordinary, common, threadbare, 2. Pithy, terse, concise, laconic, sennot new, worn out. tentious, short, brief, compendious, Common run, 1. Common or ordinary succinct, pointed, full of meaning, not course. loose, not verbose, not prolix. 2. Generality mass, ordinary class. Companion, n. 1. Comrade, associate, Commons, n. pL. 1. Lower house of mate, fellow, CONSORT, compeer, boon Parliament, House of Commons. companion. 2. Provisions, food, fare. 2. Partner, partaker, participator, Common-sense, n2. Wisdom good participant, sharer. sense, plain sense, sound judgment, Companionship, a. Fellowship, assonatural sagacity. ciation, company, society. Comnmonwealth, n. 1. State, realm, Company, n. 1. Assemblage, assemnation, republic, body politic, popular bly, body, gathering, group, circle, government, representative govern- troop, crew, gang, set, concourse, conment. gregation.

Page  79 COM CPARABLi 79 COMPIAINT 2. Party, meeting of friends, social Compendious, a. Brief, concise, short, meeting. abridged, summary, succinct, compre3. Visitor, visitors, guests. hensive. 4. Fellowship, companionship, soci- Compendium, n. Abridgment, coMety. PEND. 5. Corporation, association, partner- Compensate, v. a. 1. Counterbalance, ship, copartnership, firm, house, joint counterpoise, coultervail, make up for. concern. 2. Recompense, remunerate, reward. Comparable, a. To be compared. 3. Requite, indemnify, make amends Comparative, a. 1. Comparing, able to. to compare. Compensate, v. n. Atone, make com2. Judged by comparison, not posi- pensation, make amends. tive, not absolute. Compendium, n. Abridgment, coMComparatively, ad. By comparison, PEND. not positively. Compensate, v. ca. 1. Counterbalance, Compare, v. a. 1. Collate (followed by counterpoise, make up for. witli), bring into comparison, estimate 2. Recompense, remunerate, reward. relatively. 3. Requite, indemnify, reimburse, 2. Liken (followed by to) show the make amends to. resemblance of. Compensate, v. n. Atone, make comCompare, v. it. Bear a comparison, pensation, make amends. admit of comparison. Compensation, n. 1. Recompense, reCompare, i. [Poetical.] Comparison. muneration, reward. Comparison, n. 1. Collation, coM- 2. Requital, satisfaction, indemnity, PARE, relative estimate, comparative indemnification, reparation, amends. estimate. Compete, v. is. Contend, strive, strug2. Simile, similitude. gle, cope, enter the lists, be rivals. Compartment, n. Division, section, Competence, i. 1. Ability, ableness, separate part. Competency, ) capableness, capacity, Compass, v. a, 1. Encompass, environ, qualification, suitableness, fitness. surround, encircle, enclose, engird, com- 2. Sufficiency, adequateness, adepass about. quacy, enough. 2. Besiege, invest, beset, hem in, Competent, a. 1. Able, capable, qualihedge in, wall in, lay siege to. fled, endowed. 3. Attain, obtain, procure, accom- 2. Adequate, adaptea, convenient, plish, effect, perform, achieve, consum- sufficient, suitable, fit. mate, realize, carry, bring about, bring 3. Incident, belonging. to pass. Competition, n. Rivalry, RIVALSHIP, 4. (Law.) Meditate, contrive, plot, emulation, contest (for the same obpurpose, intend, devise. ject). Compass, n. 1. Stretch, reach, extent, Competitive, a. Competing, prompted range. by emulation. 2. Circuit, round, circular course. Competitor, n. Rival, antagonist, opCompassable, a. Attainable, to be at- ponent, rival candidate. tained. Compilation, a. 1. Book-making. Compasses, n. pl. Dividers. 2. Selection (of literary matter), book Compassion, n?. Pity, commiseration, of selections. sympathy, tenderness, kindness, kind- Compile, v. a. Write (by selecting from liness, clemency, fellow-feeling, bowels other works), prepare, compose, get up. of compassion, melting mood. Complacence, is. 1. Satisfaction, gratCompassionate, a. Tender, sympa- Complacency, ification, pleasure,conthetic, merciful, benignant, gracious, tent, contentment. clement, kind, inclined to pity, full of 2. Civility, courtesy, politeness, comcompassion. plaisance. Compassionate, v. a. Pity, commiser- Complacent, a. 1. Pleased, satisfied, ate. gratified, contented. Compatible with, Consistent with, 2. Civil, polite, courteous, affable, consonant with, congruous with, ac- easy, obliging, urbane, COMPLAISANT, cordant with, agreeable to, suitable to, gracious. in keeping with, reconcilable with, in Complain, v. s. Murmur, lament, beharmony with. wail, grumble, croak, find fault. Compatriot, n. Fellow-countryman. Complain of, v. a. 1. Express a feeling Compeer, n. Companion, mate, equal, or sensation of. peer, associate, fellow, comrade. 2. Inform against, make charges Compel, v. ca. Force, oblige, constrain, against. coerce, drive; necessitate. Complainant, n. Plaintiff. Compellation, a. Style of address, Complainer, a. Murmurer, censurer, ceremonious title, formal appellation. grumbler, croaker, fault-finder. Compend, n. Abridgment, compen- Complaining, a. Querulous, murmurdium, conspectus, summary, abstract, ing, querimonious, fault-finding. epitome, digest, synopsis, syllabus, Complaint, i. 1. Murmur, lamention, breviary, brief, sum and substance. plaint, lament, wail.

Page  80 COMPLAISANCE 80 COMPRESSION 2. Malady, disease, ailment, ail, ill- Component, a. Composing, constitutness. indisposition, disorder, distemper, ing, constituent. sickness. Component, n. Constituent, element, 3. Accusation, charge, information ingredient, component part. against. Comport, v. n. Agree, accord, harmoComplaisance, cc. Civility, courtesy, nize, tally, correspond, square, fall in, politeness, urbanity, suavity, conde- chime in. scension, complacence, affability, good- Comport with, Suit, fit, agree with, acbreeding. cord with, square with, chime in with, Complaisant, a. Courteous, polite, affa- be suitable to. ble, civil, obliging, gracious, complacent, Compose, v. a. 1. Constitute, form, debonair, familiar, easy, well-bred. make, compound, put together, make Complement, n. Full number, full up. quantity. 2. Indite, write, frame, draw up, put Complete, a. 1. Perfect, full, thorough, or set down in writing, express by consummate, clean, not deficient. writing. 2. Total, entire, whole, undivided, 3. Adjust, settle, regulate. unbroken, undiminished, unimpaired, 4. Tranquillize, assuage, soothe, apintegral. pease, pacify, calm, still, quiet, quell. 3. Completed, finished, concluded, Composed, a. Calm, quiet, unruffled, consummated, ended. undisturbed, unmoved, tranquil, placid, Complete, v. a. 1. Finish, perfect, con- sedate, collected, imperturbable, cool. summate, accomplish, achieve, perform, Comnposite, a. Compounded. effect, effectuate, execute, terminate, Composition, n. 1. Constitution, forend, conclude, bring to a close, give the mation, making. finishing touch to, put the finishing 2. Compound, mixture. hand to, put the seal to. 3. Union, conjunction, combination. 2. Fulfil, realize, come up to, bring 4. Writing, literary work. to pass. 5. Compromise, agreement. Completion, n. 1. Consummation, ac- Compost, a. Manure, fertilizer, fertilcomplishment, performance, execution, izing mixture. conclusion, finishing, finishing touch. Comaposure, n. Quiet, tranquillity, calm2. Fulfilment, realization. ness, sedateness, placidity, coolness. Complex, a. 1. Compounded, com- Compotation, sn. JOLLIFICATION, revpound, composite, not simple. el, revelling, revelry, SPREE, debauch, 2. Complicated, complicate, entan- bacchanals, saturnalia, wassail, orgies, gled, intricate, involved. carouse, carousal, conviviality, drinking Complexion, cc. 1. Color, hue, or tint bout, merry frolic, jolly time. (of theface). Compound, v. a. 1. Mix, mingle, in2. Appearance, aspect, look. termix, intermingle, blend, combine, Complexity, 7n. Intricacy, complication, amalgamate. entanglement. 2. Compromise, settle, adjust. Compliance,'1. 1. Concession, submis- Colmpound, v. n. Compromise, agree, sion, obedience. come to terms, come to an agreement, 2. Acquiescence, assent, consent, make an arrangement. agreement, concurrence. Compound, a. Complex, composite, Compliant, a. Yielding, submissive, compounded. obedient, obsequious. Compound, c. 1. Mixture, medley, olio, Complicate, v. a. Involve, entangle, farrago, hodge-podge. make complex, make intricate. 2. [lis the East Indies.] Yard (round Complicate, a. Complex, complicated. a building), enclosure. Complicated, a. Involved, entangled, Comprehend, v. a. 1. Comprise, incomplex, complicate. elude, enclose, embrace, contain, emComplication, n. Complexity, intri- body, take in. cacy, entanglement. 2. Grasp (?mentally), understand (ftlComplimlent, n. Praise, commenda- ly), apprehend, conceive, imagine, see, tion, encomium, laudation, flattering discern, perceive, enter into the idea of, remark, good word. catch the idea of. Compliment, v. a. Praise, commend, Comprehension, n. 1. Perception, apflatter (by exporessionzs of civility). prehension, discernment, knowledge. Complimentary, a. Commendatory, 2. Understanding, intelligence, intellaudatory, encomiastic. lect, mind, reason, mental capacity. Complot, c. (Rare.) Conspiracy, machi- Comprehensive, a. Extensive, wide, nation, intrigue, cabal, plot, combi- broad, large, capacious, full. nation. Compress, v. a. Condense, press, Comply with, 1. Observe, perform, squeeze, crowd, press together. fulfil, discharge, meet, satisfy, complete, Compressibility, n. Condensability adhere to, be faithful to, carry into Colnpressible, a. Condensable. effect. Compression, n. 1. Condensation, 2. Yield to, consent to, assent to, ac- pressing together. cede to, agree to, conform to, acquiesce 2. Brevity, terseness, succinctness, in, give consent to. pithiness.

Page  81 COMPRISE 81 CONCLUDE Comprise, v. a. Comprehend, include, Conceitedness, n. Vanity, conceit, enclose, embrace, contain, embody, take bumptiousness, self-conceit. in. Conceivable, a. Imaginable. Compromise, n. Agreement, compo- Conceive, v. a. 1. Imagine, devise, sition, adjustment, settlement. think of, form in the mind. Compromise, v. a. 1. Adjust, settle, 2. Apprehend, suppose, think. compound. Conceive, v. n. 1. Become pregnant. 2. Compromit, bring into danger, put 2. Think, imagine, have an idea, form at hazard, put in jeopardy. a conception. 3. Engage, pledge, implicate, com- Conceive of, Have an idea of, form a mit. conception of. Compromise, v. n. Agree, compound, Concentrate, v. a. 1. Condense, bring come to an agreement, come to an un- into a small compass, bring toward a derstanding. central point. Compromit, v. a. Compromise, bring 2. Boil down, reduce by evaporation. into danger, put at hazard. Concentration, n. 1. Condensation, Compulsion, a. Coercion, constraint, compression into a small compass. application of force. 2. Reduction by evaporation. Compulsory, a. Compelling, constrain- Concept, n. Universal,' IDEA, general ing, coercive. abstract notion or conception. Compunction, n. Repentance, remorse, Conception, n. 1. Conceiving. contrition, penitence, sorrow, regret, 2. Apprehension, IMAGINATION, the reproach of conscience, sting of con- mind's eye. science. 3. Notion, idea, thought, fancy, conCompunctious, a. Repentant, peni- ceit, impression. tent, contrite, remorseful, sorrowful. Concern, v. a. 1. Affect, interest, touch, Computable, a. Calculable. regard, relate to, belong to, pertain to, Computation, n. Reckoning, calcu- bear upon, be of importance to. lation, estimate, account. 2. Trouble, make anxious, make unCompute, v. a. Reckon, calculate, esti- easy. mate, count, number, rate, cast, cast Concern, n. 1. Matter, business, affair, up, sum up. a transaction. Comrade, a. Companion, associate, 2. Importance, interest, moment, mate, fellow, compeer, boon com- consequence, weight. panion. 3. Anxiety, solicitude, care, carefulCon, v. a. Study, fix in the mind, com- ness. mit to memory, learn by heart, con over. 4. Firm, house, establishment. Con amore, [It.] With love, with plea- Concerning,prep. Respecting, regardsure, with zest, with inclination, with ing, about, relating to, with relation to, predilection, with fondness. with regard to, with reference to. Concatenate, v. a. Connect, unite, join, Concert, v. a. Contrive, plan, plot, delink together. vise, design, concoct. Concatenation, it. Series, chain, se- Concert, n. 1. Agreement, concord, quence, linking together. concordance, harmony. Concave, a. Hollow, rounded. 2. Musical entertainment. Concavity, a. Hollow space. Concession, n. 1. Yielding. Conceal, v. a. i. Hide, secrete, cover, 2. Grant, boon. screen, bury, cover up. Conchology, n. Malacology. 2. Disguise, dissemble, keep secret. Concierge, n. [Fr.] Porter, janitor, Concealment, n. 1. Secrecy, keeping door-keeper. secret. Conciliate, v. a. 1. Propitiate, recon2. Privacy. cile, pacify, appease. 3. Retreat, hiding-place. 2. Win, gain, engage, draw over, win Concede, v. a. 1. Surrender, yield, over. give up. Conciliation, n. Propitiation, pacifi2. Allow, admit, grant. cation, reconciliation, reconcilement, Conceit, it. 1. Conception, image, no- peace. tion, thought, fancy, imagination, idea, Conciliatory, a. 1. Reconciling, pacibelief. fying, pacific. 2. Whim, vagary, illusion, freak of 2. Winning, persuasive. fancy. Concise, a. Brief, short, laconic, sum3. Opinion, estimate, estimation, mary, compendious, succinct, terse, judgment, impression. pithy, sententious, comprehensive, 4. Vanity, conceitedness, egotism, CtTRT, pointed, not loose, not verbose, bumptiousness, self-conceit, self-comn- not prolix. placency, self-esteem, self-sufficiency, Conclave, n. Secret council. priggery. Conclude, v. a. 1. End, finish, termi5. Quip,'quirk, point, odd thought, nate, close, bring to an end. odd turn, affected witticism. 2. Gather (as a consequence), infer. Conceited, a. Vain, egotistical, opinion- 3. Determine, judge, decide. ated, opinionative, BUMPTIOUS, self- 4. (Law.) Stop, bar, hinder, restrain, conceited, self-sufficient. cut off. 6

Page  82 CONCLUDE 82 CONDUCT ONE'S SELF Conclude, v. n. 1. Determine, infer. 3. Adjudge (a ship) to be unsea2. End, close, come to a conclusion. worthy. Conclusion, n. 1. Deduction, inference. 4. Confiscate, declare to be forfeited. 2. Determination, decision, judg- Condemnation, n. 1. Sentence of ment. punishment. 3. Termination, end, completion, up- 2. Blame, censure, reproof, disapshot, close, finale, issue, event. proval, disapprobation. Conclusive, a. 1. Decisive, convincing, Condemnatory, a. Reproachful, cenunanswerable, irrefutable. suring, damnatory, blaming. 2. Final, ultimate, without appeal. Condensability, n. Compressibility. Concoct, v. a. Devise, plan, plot, con- Condensable, a. Compressible. trive, design, invent, project, brew, Condensation, n. 1. Compression. frame, compass, mature, prepare, hatch. 2. Reduction, abridgment, contracConcomitant, a. Accompanying, con- tion. currert, attendant, attending, con- Condense, v. a. 1. Compress, consolijoined. date, concentrate; make dense, comConcomitant, n. Attendant, accessory, pact, or close; press together. accompaniment. 2. Abridge, abbreviate, shorten, epitoConcord, n. 1. Agreement, amity, mize, reduce, diminish, contract, curfriendship, peace, unanimity, unity, tail. union, good understanding. 3. Reduce to a liquid state. 2. Consonance, concordance, har- Condense, v. n. 1. Grow dense. mony, concert.' 2. Become liquid. Concordance, n. Agreement, harmony, Condescend, v. n. 1. Stoop, yield, subCONCORD. - mit,'bend,' descend, deign, vouchsafe. Concordant, a. Agreeing, accordant, 2. Humble one's self. harmonious, agreeable. Condescension, n. 1. Submission, huConcordat, i. Compact, convention, miliation. covenant, agreement, bargain, stipula- 2. Deference, courtesy, obeisance, tion, treaty. homage, reverence, civility, politeness, Concourse, n. 1. Confluence, conflux, affability. flocking together. Condign, a. [Said only or chiefly of 2. Meeting, assemblage, assembly, punishment.] lDeserved, merited, suitacollection, gathering. ble, adequate. Concrete, v. 1. Solidify, harden, cake, Condiment, a. Seasoning, relish, apbecome firm or solid, be consolidated. petizer, sauce, appetizing substance. Concrete, a. 1. Firm, solid, solidified, Condition, n. 1. Situation, state, case, consolidated, compact. category, plight, predicament, circum2. Not abstract, not general, re- stances. stricted to a particular subject (as a 2. Consideration, provision, proviso, qualifying term to its'noun). stipulation, arrangement, article of Concretion, n. 1. Solidification. agreement, rule of proceeding.2. Concreted mass, CALCULUS. Conditional, a. Depending on conConcubine, n. Mistress, paramour. ditions, modified by conditions, not Concupiscence, n. Lust, lewdness, absolute. lechery, lasciviousness, pruriency, car- Conditions, n. pl. Stipulations, provinal desire, animal appetite. sions, terms. Concupiscent, a. Lustful, lecherous, Condole with, Pity, commiserate, comlibidinous, lascivious, salacious, licker- passionate, sympathize with, share sorish, prurient, rampant, carnal. row with. Concur, v. a. 1. Be conjoined, be com- Condolence, n. Sympathy, pity, combined. passion, commiseration. 2. Agree, coincide, harmonize. Condonation, a. Pardon, forgive3. Co-operate, help, combine, con- ness. spire, contribute jointly. Conduce, v. n. Contribute, tend, serve, Concurrence, n. 1. Conjuncture, com- lead, have a tendency, do something bination, coincidence, consistence, con- towards. silience. Conducive, a. Conducing, contributing, 2. Agreement, union, alliance. subservient, instrumental. 3. Co-operation. Conduct,n. 1. Management, direction, Concurrent, a. 1. Agreeing, harmon- administration, guidance, leadership. izing, coincident. 2. Convoy, escort, guard. 2. Conjoined, united, associate, as- 3. Deportment (in general, or as a sociated, attendant, concomitant. matter of habit), BEHAVIOR, demeanor, 3. Joint and equal, of equal au- carriage, bearing, manners, career, thority. manner of life, course of life. Concussion, n. 1. Shaking, agitation. Conduct, v. a. 1. Lead, direct, guide, 2. Clash, shock. escort, convoy. Condemn, v. a. 1. Sentence, doom. 2. Command, govern, preside over. 2. Censure, blame, disapprove, re- 3. Manage, regulate, carry on. prove, reprobate, upbraid, pass censure Conduct one's self; Behave, act, deon. mean one's self, acquit one's self.

Page  83 CONDUCTOR 83 CONFOUND Conductor, n. 1. Leader, guide. edges, limits, marches, frontiers, pre2. Manager, director. cincts. Conduit, n. Channel, canal, duct, pas- Confine, v. a. 1. Restrain, shut up, sage, pipe. shut in. Cone-shaped, a. Coniform. 2. Imprison, immure, incarcerate. Confabulate, v. n. [Rare.] Chat, prat- 3. Limit, circumscribe, bound, retie, chatter, prate, babble, gossip, talk strict. freely, have a free and easy talk. Confinement, n. 1. Restraint. Confabulation, n. [Rare.] Prattle, gos- 2. Imprisonment, incarceration, capsip, prate, chat, chit-chat, easy conver- tivity, duress, durance. sation, free and easy talk. Confirm, va. a. 1. Establiph, fix, settle, Confect, n. Sweetmeat, CONFECTION. assure, make firm. Confection, n. Sweetmeat, confect, 2. Strengthen, add strength to. comfit. 3. Corroborate, substantiate, verify. Confectionery, n. 1. Sweetmeats, con- 4. Ratify, sanction, bind. fections, confects, comfits, candies. Confirmation, n. 1. Settlement, estab2. Confectioner's shop. lishmenlt. Confederacy, n. Confederation (espe- 2. Corroboration, substantiation, vercially of independent states), federation, ification, proof. league, coalition, alliance, union, fed- 3. Ratification, sanction. eral compact. Confirmatory, a. Corroborating, corConfederate, v. a. Ally, league, com- roborative. bine, unite. Confiscate, v. a. Cause to be forfeited, Confederate, v. n. Unite, be leagued, condemn to public use. be allied. Confiscation, n. Forfeiting, condemnaConfederate, n. Accomplice, abettor, tion to public use. accessory, ally. Conflagration, n. Great burning, genConfederation, n. League, CONFED- eral fire. ERACo. v Conflict, u. n. Clash, be contrary, be Confer, v. e. Converse, discourse, par- opposed. ley, advise, talk, hold a conference, talk Conflict, at. Struggle, encounter, contogether. test, combat, battle, fight, collision, Confer, v. a. [Appropriately used when strife in arms. the gift is from aperson of superior rank Confluence, n. 1. Meeting, junction, to another of lower rank.] Bestow, give, conflux, union, flowing together. grant, vouchsafe. 2. Concourse, multitude, crowd, colConference, n. 1. Conversation, dis- lection, throng, armyj host, swarm. course, talk, colloquy, parley. Confluent, a. Meeting, flowing to2. Meeting for consultation. gether. Confess, v. a. 1. Acknowledge (as a Conflux, n. 1. Confluence, meeting, crime or fault), own, avow. union, flowing together. 2. Admit, grant, concede, recognize. 2. Collection, multitude, concourse, 3. Attest, prove, show, exhibit, man- crowd, throng. ifest, be proof of. Conform, v. a. iMake conformable, Confession, n. Acknowledgment, ad- bring into compliance. mission, avowal. Conform, v. 1. 1. Comply, yield asConfidant, n. Bosom-friend, intimate sent. friend,-dear friend. 2. Agree, harmonize, tally, square, Confide, v. a. Trust, intrust, commit, quadrate, correspond, comport. consign, give in trust. Conformable to, 1. Resembling, simConfide in, Trust, depend upon, rely ilar to, corresponding to. upon, put faith in, have confidence in, 2. Agreeable to, suitable to, consistrepose confidence in. ent with. Confidence, n. 1. Trust, faith, belief, 3. Compliant with, submissive to. reliance, dependence. Conformation, ns. 1. Accordance, com2. Boldness, courage, intrepidity, as- pliance, agreement, conformity. surance, firmness, self-reliance. 2. Configuration, structure, form, Confident, a. 1. Assured, certain, sure, figure, shape. positive, COCKSURE, fully convinced. Conformity, n. 1. Accordance, agree2. Bold, presumptuous, sanguine. ment, congruity. Confidential, a. 1. Private, not to be 2. Correspondence, likeness, similidisclosed, not to be communicated. tude, resemblance. 2. Trusty, faithful, to be trusted. Confound, v. a. 1. Mingle (so that there Confidentially, ad. Privately, in con- canz be no distinsction), intermingle, mix, fidence, under the rose, between our- blend, confuse. selves, between you and me, SUB ROSA, 2. Perplex, bewilder, embarrass, mysENTRE NOUS. tify, pose, nonplus, flurry. Configuration, n. Form, figure, shape, 3. Surprise, amaze, astonish, astound, conformation. stupefy, bewilder, stun, startle, dumConfine, a. Boundary, border, limit, founder, electrify, take by surprise, frontier. strike with wonder, strike dumb, petrify Confines, n. pl. Boundaries, borders, with wonder.

Page  84 CONFOUNDED 84 CONNECTIVE 4. Destroy, overthrow, ruin. Congruity, n. Suitableness, agreement, 5. Abash, confuse, disconcert, dis- fitness, consistency, conformity. compose, shame, mortify. Congruous, a. 1. Accordant, agreeing, Confounded, a. 1. Astonished, as- suitable, consistent, consonant, compattounded, dumfounded, struck dumb. ible. 2. Abashed, disconcerted, nonplussed, 2. Proper, fit, befitting, appropriate, blank. meet, seemly. 3. Detestable, hateful, abominable, Conical, a. Coniform, cone-shaped. cursed. Coniform, a. Conical, cone-shaped. Confront, v. a. 1. Encounter, face, Conjectural, a. Presumptive, hypobring face to face, oppose openly. thetical, theoretical. 2. Compare, bring into comparison. Conjecture, a. Supposition, surmise, Confrication, n. [Rare.] Attrition, ab- guess, hypothesis, theory. rasion, friction, wearing away, wearing Conjecture, v. a. Surmise, guess, supoff, rubbing off. pose, divine, suspect. Confuse, v. a. 1. Mingle, intermingle, Conjecture, v. a. Surmise, guess, supmix, blend, confound.. pose, suspect, fancy, dare say, take it, 2. Disorder, disarrange, derange, dis- hazard the conjecture. turb, jumble, throw into disorder or Conjoin, v. a. Join, unite, combine, confusion. connect, associate, join together. 3. Perplex, obscure, darken, render Conjoint, a. Joined, united, combined, uncertain. connected, associated. 4. Mystify, embarrass, pose, nonplus, Conjugal, a. Matrimonial, connubial, bewilddr, flurry. nuptial, bridal, hymeneal, CONJUGIAL. 5. Abash, shame, mortify, discom- Conjugates, n. pl. Words of the same pose, disconcert, confound. derivation, kindred words. Confusion, n. 1. Confusedness, disor- Conjugial, a. [Rare, except in translader, disarrangement, derangement, dis- tons of Swedenborg's writings.] Conarray, jumble, chaos, anarchy. nubial, conjugal. 2. Tumult, turmoil, commotion, fer- Conjunction, n. 1. Union, association, ment, stir, agitation. combination, connection. 3. Distraction, perplexity, embar- 2, (Astron.) Apparent meeting (of rassment, bewilderment, astonishment. two stars or planets). 4. Shame, mortification, abashment. 3. (Gram.) Connective, connecting 5. Overthrow, destruction, defeat, word. ruin. Conjuncture, n. 1. Combination, conConfutation, n. Refutation, disproof, currence. Confute, v. a. 1. Overthrow (by argu- 2. Crisis, emergency, exigency, junctment), overcome (in debate), convict of ure, critical occasion. error, put to silence. Conjuration, a. Magic, sorcery, incan2. Disprove, refute, prove to be tation, enchantment. false. Conjure/, v. a. Beseech, supplicate, beg, Conge, n. [Fr.] Leave, farewell. pray, entreat, implore, ADJURE, enjoin Congeal, v. a. Freeze, make solid by solemnly. cold, turn to ice. Con/jure, v. a. Charm, enchant, beCongeal, v. n. Freeze, be frozen, turn witch, fascinate, affect by magic arts. to ice. Con/jure up, Summonby enchantment, Congelation, n. Freezing. raise up by magic. Congenial, a. 1. Cognate, kindred, Con/jure, v. n. Juggle, practise magic akin, related, similar, in sympathy or sorcery, play tricks. with one another. Conjurer, a. Juggler, enchanter, sor2. Suited, adapted, agreeable. cerer, magician, necromancer, diviner, Congenital, a. Connate, born at the seer, wizard, charmer, exorcist. same time. Connate, a. Congenital, born at the Congestion, n. Repletion, plethora. same time. Conglomerate, n. Pudding-stone. Connect, v. a. Join, unite, combine, Congratulate, v. a. Felicitate, wish conjoin, associate, couple, link tojoy to, rejoice with. gether. Congratulation, n. Felicitation.' Connect, v. n. Join, unite, cohere, be Congratulatory, a. Gratulatory. joined, have relation. Congregate, v. a. Assemble, collect, Connected, a. 1. Joined, united, assomuster, gather, convene, convoke, bring ciated, coupled. together. 2. Related, akin, allied. Congregate, v. n. Assemble, meet, Connection, n. 1. Union, alliance, come together, meet together. junction, association, dependence. Congregation, n. Assembly, meeting, 2. Intercourse, communication, comcollection. merce. Congress, n. 1. Meeting, assembly, con- 3. Affinity, relationship. vention, council, diet, convocation, 4. Kinsman, relative, relation, kinsynod. dred. 2. National legislature (of the U. S.), Connective, n. Conjunction, connectSenate and House of Representatives. ing word.

Page  85 CONNER 85 CONSOLATORY Conner, n. Blue perch, cunner, burgall, Consequential, a. 1. Following, conOHOGSET. sequent. Connivance, n. Voluntary blindness 2. Pompous, conceited, self-sufficient, (to an act), pretended ignorance, for- vain-glorious. bearance of disapproval, winking at. Conservation, a. Preservation. Connive at, Overlook (purposely), dis- Conservative, a. Opposed to change. regard, pay no regard to, make light of, Conservator, a. Preserver, protector, pretend not to see, shut one's eyes to, guardian. forbear to censure, wink at. Conservatory, n. 1. Repository, storeConnoisseur, n. Critic, critical judge, house. man of good taste (as distinguished 2. Greenhouse. from the dilettante, who merely pretends Conserve, v. a. Preserve, save. to good taste). Conserve, n. Preserve, JAM, confection, Connubial, a. Matrimonial, conjugal, comfit, sweetmeat. CONJUGIAL, nuptial, hymeneal, bridal. Consider, v. a. 1. Contemplate, ponConquer, v. a. 1. Vanquish, subdue, der, study, examine, weigh, mind, heed, overcome, subjugate, defeat, overthrow, mark, reflect upon, be attentive to, give overpower, beat, rout, discomfit, check- or pay attention to, give heed to, take mate, master, subject, humble, crush, into consideration, give a thought to, get the better of, put down, prevail keep in view. over, get the upper hand of, get the 2. Respect, regard, consult, care for, whip hand of, HAVE ON THE HIP. have regard to, have reference to, take 2. Gain by effort, win by victory. into account. Conquer, v. n. Prevail, overcome, gain Consider, v. n. Deliberate, reflect, medthe victory. itate, ponder, ruminate, muse, cogitate, Conqueror, n. Victor, vanquisher. think, take thought, cast about. Conquest,n. 1. Subjugation,subjection, Considerable, a. 1. Respectable, wormastery, reduction, overthrow, rout. thy of consideration. 2. Victory, triumph. 2. Moderately large, not small. Consanguinity, n. Relationship (by Considerate, n. Thoughtful, deliberate, blood), affinity, kindred. serious, discreet, prudent, provident, Conscience, n. Moral sense, moral fac- circumspect, judicious, sober, staid. ulty, the still small voice. Consideration, s. 1. Attention, notice, Conscientious, a. Scrupulous, upright, heed, regard, reflection, deliberation, honest, just, exact, honorable, fair, un- meditation, serious thought, contemcorrupt, incorruptible, ingenuous, high- plation. minded, straightforward. 2. Importance, consequence, weight, Conscious, a. 1. Knowing, thinking, moment, import, significance. reflecting. 3. Reason, motive, ground, account, 2. Apprised, sensible, aware, cogni- score, sake, cause. sant. Considering, prep. Taking into acConscription, n. Compulsory enlist- count, allowing for, making allowance ment of soldiers. for. Consecrate, v. a. Dedicate, devote, Consign, v. a. 1. Transfer, alienate, hallow, sanctify, ordain, set apart as abalienate, demise, devolve, convey, sacred, appropriate to sacred uses. deliver over, make over, hand over. Consecration, n. Dedication, devotion. 2. Intrust, commit, give in trust. Consecutive, a. Successive, uninter- Consilience, n. Concurrence, coincirupted, continuous, succeeding regular- dence, conjuncture. ly, following in a series. Consistence, n. 1. Consistency, body, Consent, i. 1. Concurrence, assent, degree of density. approval. 2. [Rare.] Durability, permanence. 2. Concord, accord, agreement, uni- 3. [Rare.] Structure, combination, son, co-operation, harmony, coherence. organization. 3. Acquiescence, compliance. Consistency, is. 1. Consistence, degree Consent, v. n. 1. Agree (as to a matter of density. of conduct), ASSENT, concur, yield as- 2. Uniformity, congruity, compatibilsent, give consent. ity, conformableness, correspondence. 2. Yield, comply, acquiesce, accede. Consistent, a. Compatible, suitable, Consequence, n. 1. Effect (from neces- accordant, conformable, uniform, consity), RESULT, issue, event, end. gruous, harmonious, correspondent. 2. Deduction, inference, conclusion. Consist in, Lie in, be contained in, be 3. Connection, concatenation, conse- comprised in, be constituted by. cation, chain of cause and effect, de- Consist of, Be made of, be composed pendence of cause and effect. of, be formed of, be made up of. 4. Importance, moment, weight, in- Consist with, Suit, agree with, be comterest, concern. patible with, be in accordance with, be Consequent, a. 1. Following, conse- consistent with. quential. Consolation, a. Solace, comfort, en2. Deducible, INFERABLE. couragement, alleviation of sorrow, reConsequent, n. 1. Effect. lief from distress. 2. Deduction, conclusion, inference. Consolatory, a. Consoling, comforting.

Page  86 CONSOLE 86 CONSUMMATION Console, v. a. Solace, comfort, cheer, Constitute, v. a. 1. Form, compose, encourage, soothe, relieve from distress. make, make up, enter into the compoConsolidate, v. a. 1. Condense, com- sition of. pact, compress, harden, solidify, make 2. Appoint, depute, empower. solid, make firm. Constitution, n. 1. Formation, organ2. Conjoin, combine, unite into one. ization. Consolidation, n. 1. Solidification. 2. Quality, character, temper, tem2. Union, combination. perament, spirit, humor, peculiarity, Consols, n. pl. Consolidated annuities characteristic. (of the English Government). 3. Charter of government, fundaConsonance, t. 1. Concord, accord, mental law, organic law. Consonancy,) harmony. Constitutional, a. 1. Natural, inher2. Consistency, congruity, congru- ent, inbred. ence, agreement, unison. 2. Legal, lawful, legitimate. Consonant, a. 1. Accordant, accord- Constrain, v.a. 1. Compel,force, drive, ing, harmonious, in harmony. oblige, coerce. 2. Consistent, congruous, compatible. 2. Confine, restrain, inthral, hold, Consonant, ai. Articulation. curb, put under restraint, keep down, Consort, n. Companion (especially a keep under. wife or a husband or onze vessel of a Constraint, n. 1. Compulsion, force, fleet), partner, associate. necessity, obligation, coercion. Consort with, Associate with, keep 2. Confinement, restraint, imprisoncompany with. ment, incarceration, inthralment, duConspectus, ni. [L.] Outline, epitome, rance, duress, captivity. abstract, summary, compend, compen- Constrict, v. a. Cramp, contract, comdium, synopsis, syllabus, digest, brief, press. breviary, general view. Constriction, n. Contraction, compresConspicuous, a. 1. Visible, discern- sion. ible, perceptible, apparent, conspicuous, Construct, v. a. 1. Fabricate, build, clear, in plain sight. erect, raise, set up, put together. 2. Eminent, pre-eminent, prominent, 2. Organize, institute, arrange, make, distinguished, remarkable, noted, cele- form, frame. brated, marked, famed, famous, illus- Constructor, n. Builder. trious. Construction, a. 1. Fabrication, erecConspiracy, n. Plot, combination, ca- tion, building. bal, complot, intrigue, machination. 2. Structure, formation, conformaConspire, v. it. 1. Co-operate, conduce, tion, configuration, form, figure, shape, tend, concur. mode of constructing. 2. Combine (for some evil design), 3. Interpretation, explanation, verplot, confederate, intrigue, cabal. sion, rendering. Conspire, v. a. Plot, contrive, devise, Construe, v. a. Interpret, explain, exproject, compass. pound, translate, render, put an interConstancy, n. 1. Stability, immutabil- pretation upon. ity, unchangeableness, permanence. Constuprate, v. a. Ravish, deflower, 2. Uniformity, regularity. violate, debauch, commit rape upon. 3. Inflexibility, steadiness, steadfast- Constuprationl, it. Violation, ravishing, ness, firmness, resolution, determina- ravishment, defilement, rape. tion, decision, tenacity of purpose. Consuetudinary, a. [Rare.] Usual, comConstant, a. 1. Stable, fixed, immut- moil, wonted, customary, accustomed, able, unvaried, invariable, continual. conventional. unchanging, permanent, perpetual. Consulate, n. Consulship. 2. Uniform, regular, stated, certain. Consulship, a. Consulate. 3. Resolute, firm, steady, steadfast, Consult, v. n. Confer, seek counsel, take stanch, determined, unshaken, unwav- counsel, deliberate in common. ering. Consult, v. a. 1. Ask advice of, seek 4. Persevering, assiduous, unremit- information from. ting. 2. Consider, regard, care for, have 5. Faithful, true, trusty. reference to, have regard to, take into Constellation, i. 1. Group of stars. account. 2. Collection, assemblage, cluster. Consultation, n. 1. Conference. Consternation, n. Alarm, amazement, 2. Counsel, meeting for deliberaterror, fright, dismay, panic, sudden tion. fear. Consume, v. a. Destroy, waste, spend, Constipate, v. a. Make costive. expend, exhaust, devour, lavish, squanConstipated, a. Costive. der, dissipate, use up. Constipation, n. Costiveness. Consummate, v. a. Complete, finish, Constinent, a. Forming, composing, perfect, accomplish, compass, effect, constituting, component. perform, achieve, execute, do, carry out, Constituent, a. 1. Component, ele- bring about, work out. ment, principle, ingredient, component Consummate, a. Complete, perfect, part. finished. 2. Elector, voter. Consummation, n. Completion, ter

Page  87 CONSUMPTION 87 CONTINUITY mination, finishing, close, accomplish- sension, wrangling, wrangle, quarrel, mert, fulfilment, achievement, realiza- squabble, feud, rupture, falling out. tion, last stroke, finishing stroke, last 2. Dispute, debate, bickering, alterfinish, final touch, crowning touch. cation, controversy, logomachy, high Consumption, n. 1. Extinction, de- words, war of words, strife of words. struction, waste, expenditure. Contentious,a. 1. Quarrelsome, cross, 2. Phthisis, marasmus, atrophy, petulant, perverse. decline, tabes, gradual wasting, pro- 2. Disputatious, captious, cavilling. gressive emaciation. Contentment, n. Satisfaction, ease, Contact, n. Touch, juxtaposition, junec content. tion, contiguity, close union. Contents, n.pl. What is contained. Contagion, n. 1. Infection. Conterminous, a. Adjoining, contigu2. Contamination, taint. ous, bordering upon. Contagious, a. 1. Infectious, catching. Contest, v.a. 1. Dispute, controvert, 2. Pestilential, pestiferous, poison- argue, debate, litigate, contend against, ous, deadly. call in question. Contain, v. a. 1. Comprehend, com- 2. Strive to hold, struggle tb defend. prise, embrace, include, embody. Contest, v.. i. Contend, strive, struggle, 2. Hold, have capacity for. vie, fight, compete, cope. 3. Restrain, keep in check. Contest, n. 1. Dispute, altercation, deContain, v. n. Be continent, live in con- bate, controversy, contestation, quarrel, tinence. difference, high words, strife of words, Contaminate, v. a. Defile, pollute, cor- war of words. rupt, taint, infect, poison, vitiate, sully, 2. Struggle, battle, conflict, fight, tarnish, soil, stain. combat, encounter, rencounter, strife Contamination, n. Pollution, defile- in arms. ment, taint, stain, infection, impurity, Contestation, n. Dispute, debate, confoulness, uncleanness, abomination. troversy, logomachy, war of words, Contemn, v. a. Despise, disdain, scorn, strife of words. scout, spirn, slight, hold in contempt, Context, n. Words immediately prelook down upon, turn a cold shoulder ceding or following. upon, turn up one's nose at, snap one's Contexture, n. Constitution, structure, fingers at, laugh to scorn, point the frame-work, texture. finger of scorn at. Contiguity, n. Contact, touching, meetContemplate, v. a. 1. Study, ponder, ing, juxtaposition, proximity. meditate on, dwell on, think about, re- Contiguous, a. Touching, meeting, conflect upon, consider or view attentively, terminous, adjacent, adjoining, in conrevolve in the mind. tact. 2. Intend, purpose, design, have in Continence, n. Chastity, restraint of view have in contemplation, look for- sexual appetite. warn to. Continent, a. Chaste, temperate. Contemplation, n. 1. Reflection, med- Continent, n. Main land, great tract itation, cogitation, lucubration, delibe- of land. ration, study, thought, speculation, Contingency, n. 1. Accidentalness, pondering. fortuity, uncertainty. 2. View, prospect, prospective. 2. Casualty, accident, incident, ocContemplative, a. Thoughtful, studi- currence; event. ous, given to contemplation. Contingent, a. 1. Accidental, fortuitous, Contemporaneous, a. Contemporary. incidental, casual, happening by chance. Contemporary, a. Contemporaneous. 2. Conditional, uncertain, dependent Contempt, n. 1. Disdain, scorn, mock- on circumstances. ery, derision, contumely, disregard, Contingent, a. Quota, proportion, share, slight, mean opinion. proportional part. 2. Shame, disgrace. Continual, a. Perpetual, uninterrupted, Contemptible, a. Despicable, vile, low, unceasing, incessant, unremitting, endmean, base, pitiful, abject, worthless, less, everlasting, eternal, interminable, paltry, sorry, pitiful. constant, continuous. Contemptuous, a. Insolent, scornful, Continuance, n. 1. Continuation. disdainful, supercilious, haughty. 2. Perseverance, constancy. Contend, v. a. 1. Strive, struggle, Continuation, n. Extension (in time or combat, fight, vie. space), prolongation, protraction, con2. Debate, dispute, argue, join issue. tinuance. 3. Maintain, affirm, assert. Continue, v. n. 1. Remain, endure, Content, a. Satisfied, contented, easy last, be permanent, be durable. in mind. 2. Abide, stay, tarry. Content, v. a. Satisfy, appease, make 3. Persist, persevere, go on, keep on, easy, make contented. be steadfast, be constant. Content, a. Satisfaction, ease, content- Continue, v. a. Extend (in time or in ment. space), prolong. Contented, a. Satisfied, content, easy Continuity, i. Cohesion, close union, in mind. uninterrupted connection, unbroken Contention, n. 1. Strife, discord, dis- texture.

Page  88 CONTINUOUS 88 CONVALESCENT Continuous, a. Connected, continued, Contribute, v. a. Give (in common with extended, unbroken, uninterrupted, un- others), grant or bestow (as a share), intermitted. DONATE. Contort, v. a. Twist, writhe, distort. Contribute, v. tn. Conduce, minister, Contortion, s. Twist, distortion, wry- conspire, co-operate, concur, bear a ness, deformity. part, be helpful. Contour, n. Outline, profile. Contribution, n. 1. Grant or bestowContraband, a. Prohibited, illegal, un- ment of a share. lawful, illicit. 2. Gift, donation, offering, subscripContraband, nt. 1. Illegal traffic. tion. 2. Prohibited articles.'Contrite, a. Penitent, repentant, hum3. [U. S.] Negro slave. ble, self-convicted, broken in spirit. Contrabandist, ni. Smuggler. Contrition, n. Penitence, compunction, Contract, v. a. 1. Lessen, shorten, remorse, repentance, sorrow, regret, narrow, diminish, abridge, reduce, epi- self-condemnation, self-reproach, stings tomize, draw together. of conscience, sorrow for sin. 2: Incur, bring, procure, get, assume, Contrivance, n. 1. Design, invention. take upon one's self, become liable 2. Device, scheme, plan, plot, artifice, to. stratagem, complot, machination. Contract, v. cn. 1. Shrivel, shrink, Contrive, v. a. Devise, plan, design, shrink up. invent, project, hatch, brew, form, 2. Agree, stipulate, bargain, cove- frame, concoct, COMiSPASS, fall upon, hit nant, make a bargain. upon, strike out, chalk out. Contract, n. Compact, bargain, stipu- Contrive, v.n. Scheme, plot, plan, conlation, covenant, convention, concor- sider, set one's wits to work, rack one's dat, treaty, agreement, pact, arrange- brains, cudgel one's brains, strain one's ment. invention, cast about. Contraction, n. 1. Shrinking, shrivel- Control, s. Ascendency, sway, comling, corrugation, drawing together. mand, rule, dominion, government, 2. Reduction, shortening, diminution, mastery, superintendence, direction. lessening, abridgment, abbreviation. Control, v. a. 1. Direct, manage, reguContradict, v. a. 1. Deny, gainsay, late, govern, superintend, have the dispute, controvert. direction of, have charge of. 2. Oppose, contravene, counteract, 2. Hinder, check, repress, curb, rethwart, be contrary to. strain, bridle. Contradiction, n. 1. Gainsaying, de- Controversial, a. Disputatious, polnial. emical. 2. Opposition, contrariety, incongrui- Controversialist, gn. Disputant, arty, antagonism, clashing. guer, debater, disputer. Contradictory, a. Opposite, contrary, Controversy, n. 1. Discussion, dispute, inconsistent, repugnant. disputation, debate, polemics, altercaContradistinction, n. Distinction (by tion, logomachy, war of words, strife opposite qualities). of words. Contradistinguish, v. a. Distinguish 2. Lawsuit, suit at law, process in (by opposite qualities). law. Contrariety, n. Opposition, repugnance, Controvert, v. a. Dispute, contest, deantagonism, contradiction, clashing. bate, argue, canvass, contend against, Contrary, a. 1. Opposite, opposing, ad- call in question. verse, opposed, counter. Contumacious, a. Contemptuous, ob2. Antagonistic, conflicting, contra- stinate, perverse, stubborn, headstrong, dictory, counteracting, retroactive, re- heady, dogged, intractable, mulish, repugnant. fractory, cross-grained, stiff-necked, 3. Perverse, humorsome, wayward, pertinacious, obdurate. obstinate, stubborn, headstrong, re- Contumacy, n. 1. Obstinacy, stubfractory, unruly. bornness, doggedness, perverseness, Contrast, n. 1. Exhibition of differ- pertinacity, headiness, obduracy. ences. 2. Disobedience, insubordination. 2. Opposition, difference. Contumelious, a. Reproachful, abuContrast, v. a. Set off by opposition, sive, calumnious, contemptuous, insoexhibit the differences of. lent, insulting, rude, supercilious, overContrast, v. a. Show difference, exhibit bearing, arrogant, scornful, disdainful, a contrast. blackguard. Contrate-wheel, n. Crown-wheel. Contumely, n. Obloquy, reproach, opContravene, v. a. Oppose, contradict, probrium, abuse, contemptuousness, counteract, countervail, thwart, cross, insolence, rudeness, blackguardism, obstruct, defeat, hinder, go against, superciliousness, arrogance, scorn, conclash with, run counter to, militate tempt, disdain. against. Contuse, v. a. Bruise, crush, squeeze. Contravention, n. Contradiction, op- Contusion, cn. Bruise. position, obstruction. Convalescence, n. Recovery (of health). Contretemps, is. [Fr.] Mishap, mis- Convalescent, a. Improving (in health), chance, accident. recovering.

Page  89 CONVENE 89 COPARTNERSHIIP Convene, v. n. Meet, assemble, mus- Conveyance, n. 1. Transfer, demise, ter, congregate, come together, hold a alienation, cession, transferrence. session. 2. Carriage, vehicle. Convene, v. a. Convoke, summon, as- Convict, v. a. Prove guilty, detect in semble, collect, muster, bring together, guilt. gather together. Convict, n. Malefactor, criminal, felon, Convenience, is. 1. Suitableness, fit- culprit. ness, propriety. Conviction, n. 1. Proof of guilt, de2. Commodiousness, accommodation, tection in guilt. satisfaction. 2. Confutation, refutation. 3. Cause of satisfaction, source of 3. Persuasion, sentiment, judgment, comfort. consciousness. Convenient, a. 1. Fit, suitable, proper, Convince, v. a. Satisfy (by proof or eviappropriate, adapted, suited.' dence), persuade. 2. Commodious, advantageous, use- Convivial, a. Festal, festive, social, ful, serviceable, helpful, beneficial.' jovial, jolly, gay. Convent, n. Monastery, cloister, abbey, Conviviality, n. Festivity, joviality, priory, nunnery. jollity, gayety, merry-making. Convention, n. 1. Assembly, meeting, Convocation, n. Meeting, assembly, CONVOCATION. convention, congress, diet, synod, coun2. Contract, compact, agreement, cil. stipulation. Convoke, v. a. Convene, assemble, Conventional, a. 1. Stipulated, agreed summon, muster, call together, bring on, bargained for. together. 2. Usual, customary, common, habit- Convolute, a. (Bot.) Rolled together. ual, wonted, accustomed, ordinary, reg- Convolution, n. 1. Rolling together. ular, every-day. 2. Coil, fold, nIGHT. Conventual, a. Monastic. Convoy, v. a. Accompany (for protecConventual, n. Monk, nun. tion), escort, attend, keep company Converge, v. ns. Tend to the same point. with, go along with. Convergent, a. Converging. Convoy, n. Attendance (for theppurpose Convergence,?n. Tendency to one of protection), escort. point. Convulse, v. a. 1. Throw into spasms. Converging, a. Convergent. 2. Agitate, shake, disturb. Conversable, a. Sociable, social, com- Convulsion, n. 1. Spasm, cramp. municative, affable, free, unreserved, 2. Agitation, disturbance, tumult, open. commotion. Conversant with, n. Acquainted with, Cook, v. a. Prepare (food) by heat. versed in, skilled in, proficient in. Cool, a. 1. Somewhat cold, a little cold, Conversation, n. Converse, talk, col- moderately cold, not warm. loquy, parley, conference, dialogue, 2. Unimpassioned, dispassionate, colChat, CONFABULATION, familiar dis- lected, composed, self-possessed, calm, course. unruffled, undisturbed, ~sedate, unexConversational, a. Colloquial. cited, placid, quiet, staid. Convers~ative, a. Talkative, inclined 3. Indifferent, unconcerned, luketo conversation. warm, cold-blooded. Converse, v. is. 1. Commune, hold in- 4. Impudent, shameless. tercourse. Cool, v. a. 1. Refrigerate, chill, make 2. Talk, chat, CONFABULATE, dis- cool, reduce the heat of. course familiarly, hold a conversa- 2. Allay, calm, quiet, temper, attion. temper, moderate, abate, damp. Converse, n. 1. Communion, inter- Cool, v. n. 1. Grow cool, lose heat. course, commerce. 2. Grow calm, lose ardor, be less 2. Talk, colloquy, conversation. zealous. 3. Reverse, opposite. Coop, n. Pen (for poultry). Conversely, ad. Reciprocally. Coop, v. a. Confine, cage, incage, imConversion, is. 1. Transmutation, prison, shut up. transformation, change. Co-operate, v. ns. Conspire, conduce, 2. Interchange, transposition. contribute, concur, unite, work togethConvert, v. a. 1. Transmute, trans- er, join forces, act jointly. form, change. Co-operation, n. Concurrence, concert, 2. Interchange, transpose. joint operation, pulling together. 3. Appropriate, apply. Co-operator, n. Coadjutor, assistant, Convertible, a. Interchangeable. helper, aider, auxiliary, ally, abettor, Convex, a. Gibbous, protuberant, round- joint operator. ing (outwardly). Co-ordinate, a. Equal, co-equal, of Convex lens, Burning-glass. the same rank. Convey, v. a. 1. Carry, bear, bring, Coot, n. [Colloquial.] Simpleton, DuNcE. transmit, transport, WAFT, FETCH. Copartner, a. Sharer, partaker. part2. Transfer, alienate, abalienate, con- ner, associate. sign, demise, devolve, cede, grant, de- Copartnership, n. 1. Association, fira vise, deliver over, make over. ternity, partnership, joint stock.

Page  90 COPE WITH 90 CORRESPONDENT 2. Firm, house, establishment, con- Corner, v. a. [Colloquial U. S.] 1. Drive cern, company, joint concern. into a coiner. Cope with, Encounter, engage with, 2. Nonplus, pose, confound, confuse, contend with, compete with, struggle puzzle, perplex, put to a stand. with, strive with. Corner-wise, ad. Diagonally. Copier, s. Transcriber, copyist. Cornucopia, n. [L. pl. Corsnucopice.] Copious, a. Abundant, plentiful, plen- Horn of plenty. teous, ample, profuse, rich, full, exub- Corollary, n. Inference, conclusion, erant, overflowing. consequence, deduction. Copiousness, n. Abundance, exuber- Coronach, n. [Written also Coranach.] ance, plenty, profusion, richness. Dirge, funeral song. Copper, n. Cent, ten mills, the 100th Coronal, in. Crown, garland, wreath, part of a dollar. chaplet, laurel, bays. Copperas, n. Green vitriol, sulphate of Coronation, n. Crowning. iron (crystallized). Corosso nut, Ivory-nut. Copse, n. Grove (of small trees or shrubs), Corporal, a. 1. Bodily. thicket. 2. Material, physical, corporeal, not Copulation, n. Coition. spiritual. Copulative, a. Uniting, connecting. Corporate, a. Incorporated. Copy, n. 1. Transcript. Corporation, n. Incorporated body. 2. Fac-simile, duplicate. Corporeal, a. Material, physical, cor3. Original, model, pattern, arche- poral, not spiritual. type. Corps, in. [Fr.] Body of troops, division 4. Manuscript (to be printed). of an army. Copy, v. a. 1. Transcribe, make a tran- Corpse, n. CORSE, remains, CARCASS, script of, make a copy of. dead body (of a humnan being). 2. Imitate, follow as a pattern, pat- Corpulence, i. Obesity, fleshiness, tern after. Corpulency, j fatness, plumpness, EMCopyist, n. 1. Transcriber, copier. BONPOINT. 2. Imitator. Corpulent, a. Fleshy, fat, stout, portly, Coquet, v. is. Flirt, philander, make plump, pursy, obese, round. love, make a show of love, affect to be Corpuscle, so. Atom, particle, molecule, in love, play at courtship. mite, monad, scrap, bit, grain, jot, iota, Coquetry, i. Flirtation, affectation of tittle, whit, ace, scintilla. love. Corpuscular, a. Molecular. Coquette, n. Flirt, jilt. Correct, v. a. 1. Rectify, amend, mend, Coquimbite, i. White copperas. reform, redress, reclaim, make right, set Coranach, si. [Written also Coronach.] right. Dirge, funeral song. 2. Punish, castigate, chastise, disciCord, n. String, line, small rope. pline. Cordate, a. Cordiform, heart-shaped. 3. Change the quality of (by someCordial, a. 1. Hearty, warm, ardent, thing of an opposite character). affectionate, earnest, sincere, heartfelt. Correct, a. Faultless, exact, precise, 2. Grateful, pleasant, refreshing, in- accurate, right, true, proper, free from vigorating, restorative. error, not faulty. Cordial, n. 1. Stomachic, stomachal, Correction, it. 1. Amendment, imstimulating medicine. provement, redress. 2. Liqueur, aromatized spirit. 2. Chastisement, punishment, disciCordiality, it. Heartiness, sincerity, pline, castigation. ardor of affection, warmth of feeling, 3. Change (is quality, by somethizg affectionate regard. opposite), modification. Cordiform, a. Cordate, heart-shaped. Correctness, it. Accuracy, exactness, Core, is. Heart, inner part. nicety, precision, truth, propriety, faultCoriaceous, a. Leathery, tough. lessness. Cork, n. 1. Bark of the Qrcus suber, Correlate, i. Correlative. or cork-tree. Correlative, a. Reciprocal. 2. Stopple or stopper'(made of cork). Correlative, is. Correlate. Corn, n. 1. Cereal grain. Correspond, v. n. 1. Agree, suit, fit, 2. Maize, Indian corn. answer, accord, harmonize, tally, 3. Horny excrescence. square, quadrate, comport, cohere, be Corn, v. a. 1. Salt moderately, sprinkle accordant. with salt. 2. Communicate (by letter). 2. Intoxicate, fuddle, muddle, inebri- Correspondence, n. 1. Coincidence, ate, make drunk, make tipsy. concurrence, congruity, fitting relation, Corn-crake, n. Daker-hen, land-rail, reciprocal adaptation. ( Crex pratensis). 2. Intercourse or communication by Corneous, a. Horny. letters. Corner, it. 1. Angle, bend, elbow, 3. Letters. crotch, knee, cusp. Correspondent, a. Adapted, suited, 2. Nook, recess, niche, retired place, suiting, fitted, suitable, fitting, agreesecret place. able, conformable, answerable, corre3. Part, quarter. sponding, answering.

Page  91 CORRESPONDING 91 COUNSELLOR Corresponding, a. Answering, coR- Cost, n. 1. Expense, charge, price. RESPONDENT. 2. Loss, detriment, damage, pain, Corridor, n. Gallery, passage. suffering. Corroborate, v. a. Strengthen, con- Costate,. ibbed. firm, establish, sustain, support. Costated, a. Rbbed. Corroboration, it. Confirmation. Costive, a. Constipated. Corroborative, a. Confirmatory, cor- Costiveness, a. Constipation. roborating. Costly, a. Expensive, dear, high-priced, Corrode, v. a. 1. Erode, canker, eat of great price. away. Costume, n. Style of dress. 2. Consume, waste, wear away, prey Cot, i7. 1. Hut, COTTAGE. upon. 2. Low bedstead. Corroding, a. Caustic, catheretic, coR- Coterie, n. Club, association, society, ROSIVE. CLIQUE, brotherhood, circle, set (espeCorrosion, is. 1. Erosion, eating away. cially an exclusive one). 2. Wasting, wearing away. Cottage, n. Cot, lodge, hut, CASINO, Corrosive, a. Corroding, consuming, small house. eroding, erosive, catheretic, caustic, Cottager, i. Cotter. acrid, virulent, eating away. Cotter, n. Cottager. Corrosive sublimate, Bi-chloride of Cotton, n. Cotton-wool. mercury. Cotton, v. n. [Cant word.] Harmonize; Corrosiveness, n. Causticity, acridness, fraternize, HITCH HORSES TOGETHER. virulence, acrimony. Cotton-wood, n. Canadian poplar Corrugate, v. a. Wrinkle, cockle, puck- (Popelews nzonitifera). er, contract into wrinkles. Cotton-wool, n7. Cotton. Corrugation, n. Wrinkle, fold, plait. Couch, I. iv. 1. Lie, recline, lie down. Corrupt, v. a. 1. Putrefy, render pu- 2. Crouch, squat, lie fiat. trid. 3. Stoop, bend down. 2. Contaminate, taint, defile, pollute, Couch, v. a. 1. Express, utter, set forth, infect, vitiate, spoil, adulterate, sophis- clothe in words. ticate, debase. 2. Conceal, hide, cover up. 3. Deprave, demoralize. 3. Lay (a spear) in rest, put in posCorrupt, a. 1. Corrupted, infected, ture of attack. spoiled, tainted, vitiated, putrid, con- 4. Depress or remove (a cataract). taminated, unsound. Couch, n. 1. Bed, place for rest. 2. Depraved, wicked, vicious, dis- 2. Sofa, seat to recline on. solute, profligate, reprobate, aban- Couchant, a. Squatting, lying down. doned. Couch-grass, n. Knot-grass, dog'sCorruption, ni. 1. Putrefaction, pu- grass, wheat-grass, witch-grass, dogtrescence. wheat, twitch-grass (Triticum repens). 2. Defilement, contamination, pollu- Cougar, n. Puma, panther, catamount, tion, infection, vitiation, adulteration, North American tiger (Felis concolor or debasement. - Puma concolor). 3. Depravity, depravation, wicked- Couleur de rose, [Fr.] 1. Rose color. ness, demoralization, immorality, laxi- 2. Fair appearance, attractive light, ty, looseness of morals, want of princi- flattering aspect. pie. Coulter-neb, n. Puffin, Labrador auk, Corsair, n. Pirate, buccaneer, picaroon, (Alca arctica or Fratercula arctica). Sea-rover, sea-robber. Council, n. 1. Cabinet, ministry, body Corse, ni. [Poetical.] Corpse, remains, of advisers. dead body (of a human being). 2. Assembly (for consultation), meetCorset, 1. Bodice, stays. ilg, congress, diet, synod, convocation, Cortege, n. [Fr.] Train. convention. Coruscate, v. n. Shine, glisten, glitter, Councillor, n. [Written also Councilor.] gleam, sparkle, twinkle, flash, scintil- Council-nan, member of a council. late. Council-chainber, n. Divan, audienceCoruscation, n. Flash, sparkle, glitter, chamber, state-chamber. gleam, scintillation. Counsel, is. 1. Consultation, interCorvette, n. [Fr.] Sloop of war. change of opinion. Corypheus,n. [L.] Leader,chief, guide, 2. Advice, opinion, suggestion, recdirector. ommendation, instruction, admonition, Cosey, a. [Written also Cozy.] 1. Snug, caution. comfortable, easy. 3. Deliberation, forethought. 2. [Eneg.] Chatty, talkative, social. 4. Design, plan, scheme, purpose. Coslnopolite, n. Citizen of the world. 5. Counsellor, lawyer, attorney, barCosmos, s. Universe. rister, SOLICITOR, advocate. Cosset, i. Pet lamb. Counsel, v. a. Advise, admonish, give Cosset, v. a. Fondle, caress, pet. coddle, advice to. make a pet of, make much of. Counsellor, n. [Written also Counselor.] Cost, v. a. 1. Be had for, be exchanged 1. Adviser. for, be bought for. 2. Lawyer, attorney, barrister, so-; 2. Require to be suffered. - LICITOR, counsel, advocate.

Page  92 COUNT 92 COURT Count, v. a. 1. Enumerate, number. Countervail, v. a. Balance, counter2. Calculate, reckon, compute, esti- balance, compensate, make up for. mate, cast, cast up. Countrified, a. Rustic, rude, country. 3. Consider, esteem, regard, deem, Country, n. 1. Region, land. hold, judge, think, account, look upon. 2. Rural parts (as distinguishedfrom Count, v. n. Add to the number, swell city). the number. Country, a. 1. Rustic, rural. Count on, Depend on, depend upon, 2. Rude, rough, unrefined, uncultirely on, rely upon, count upon. vated, countrified. Count, n. 1. Reckoning. Countryman, n. 1. Compatriot. 2. (Law.) Particular clause or 2. Rustic, peasant, swain, farmer, charge. husbandman, clown, hind, bumpkin, Countenance, n. 1. Aspect, look, mien, boor, lout. expression of the face. Count upon, COUNT ON. 2. Favor, encouragement, patronage, County, n. Shire. support, aid, assistance, sanction, ap- Coup-de-grace, n. [Fr.] Death-blow, probation, approval. decisive blow, finishing stroke, mercy Counltenance, v. a. Approve, sanction, stroke. support, aid, abet, assist, favor, encour- Coup-de-main, s. [Fr.] Sudden attack, age, patronize, befriend, stand by, side unexpected enterprise. with, take the side of. Coup-d'etat, sn. [Fr.] Master stroke of Counter, n. Reckoner, calculator. policy, stroke of statesmanship. Counter, ad. Contrary, contrariwise. Coup-d'ceil, n. [Fr.] Glance, hasty Counteract, v. a. 1. Oppose, contra- view, slight view. vene, resist, cross, thwart, hinder, Coup-de-soleil, sn. [Fr.] Sunstroke, check, defeat, frustrate, run counter SIRIASIS, insolation, stroke of the sun. to, act against, clash with. Couple, n. 1. Brace, pair, two (of the 2. Neutralize, destroy the effect of. same kind). Counteraction, a. Opposition, contra- 2. Man and wife. vention, resistance, frustration. Couple, v. a. 1. Join, conjoin, connect, Counteractive, sn. Corrective, antidote, unite, pair, link together. cure, specific, remedy, restorative, med- 2. Marry, wed. icine, help. Couple, v. n. Unite, pair. Counterbalance, v. a. 1. Counter- Couplet, so. Two verses (that rhyme), poise, balance. pair of rhymes. 2. Countervail, compensate, set off, Coupon, n. [Fr.] Interest certificate, make up for. interest warrant. Counter-current, n. Eddy. Courage, on. Fearlessness [from reflection Counterfeit, v. a. 1. Forge, make a or a sense of duty), BRAVERY, valor, galspurious copy of, imitate wrongfully. lantry, prowess, intrepidity, heroism, 2. Feign simulate, sham, put on the boldness, daring, spirit, resolution, fortiappearance of. tude, hardihood, pluck, SPUNK, backCounterfeit, a. 1. Forged, spurious, bone. supposititious, fraudulent. Courageous, a. Fearless (from reflection 2. Feigned, false, simulated, sham, or a sense of duty), BRAVE, gallant, mock, clap-trap, spurious, put on, daring, valorous, chivalrous, valiant, make-believe. bold, heroic, intrepid, dauntless, resoCounterfeit, n. Forgery, fraudulent lute, hardy, stout, lion-hearted, with a copy. bold front, uP TO THE SCRATCH. Counterfeiter, s. 1. Forger, falsifier. Courier, n. Messenger, express, run2. Pretender, feigner. her. Counter-jumper, n. [In contempt.] Course, n. 1. Race, career. Shopman, shop-keeper. 2. Route, way, track, road. Countermand, v. a. Revoke, rescind, 3. Direction, bearing, point of comrecall, abrogate, make void. pass, line of progress. Countermarch, v. s. March back, re- 4. Round, beat. verse the direction of a march. 5. Progress, process. Counterpane, n. Coverlet, coverlid. 6. Regularity, order, succession, turn. Counterpart, si. 1. Corresponding 7. Deportment, line of conduct, manpart. ner of proceeding. 2. (Law.) Duplicate, copy. 8. Series, system, methodical ar3. Correlative, complement, supple- rangement. ment, reverse. 9. Set of dishes (at a banquet). 4. Match, fellow, mate, tally, twin, Course, v. c. Pursue, hunt, chase, run the very image. after, give chase to. Counterpoise, v. a. Counter-balance, Course, v. so. Run, move swiftly. balance. Courser, n. Racer, race-horse. Counterpoise, n. Equal weight. Courses, n. pl. Menses, catamenia, Countersign, it. Watch-word, pass- menstrual flux, menstrual discharge. word. Court, n. 1. Royal household, princely Counter-tenor, n. (Mus.) Alto, coun- retinue. ter. 2. Judicial tribunal, court of justice.

Page  93 COURT 93 CRACK 3. Judge, body of judges. Covetousness, n. Avarice, parsimony, 4. Court-yard. stinginess, penuriousness, niggardli5. Recess from a street. ness, meanness, cupidity. Court, v. a. 1. Flatter, coddle, try to Covey, n. 1. Brood. please, fawn upon, pay court to. 2. Flock. 2. Woo, pay one's addresses to, make 3. Set, company, party, bevy. love to. Covin, n. (Law.) Collusion. 3. Seek, solicit, strive to gain. Covinous, a. (Law.) Fraudulent, deCourteous, a. Polite, civil, affable, ur- ceitful, dishonest, deceptive, collusive. bane, complaisant, gracious, courtly, Cow, v. a. Overawe, intimidate, frightceremonious, debonair, respectful, ob- en, daunt, subdue by fear. ligilg, well-bred. Coward, n. Dastard, poltroon, craven, Courteousness, ai. Politeness, couR- milksop. TESY. Cowardice, n. Pusillanimity, poltroonCourtesan, n. Prostitute, whore, harlot, ery, timidity, fear, cowardliness, the strumpet, punk, wench, drab, Cyp- white feather. rian, DEMIREP, night-walker, street- Cowardliness, n. COWARDICE. walker, lewd woman, woman of the Cowardly, a. Pusillanimous, dastardly, town, woman of ill-fame. craven, fearful, timorous, timid, diffiCourtesy, a. Politeness, courteousness, dent, faint-hearted, chicken-hearted, civility, urbanity, complaisance, affa- white-livered, showing the white bility, good-breeding, elegance of man- feather. ners. Cower, v. n. Crouch, cringe, fawn, stoop, Courtesy, v. n. Make a courtesy. squat, bend the knee. Courtly, a. Polished, elegant, polite, Cowl, n. 1. Monk's hood. COURTEOUS. 2. Chimney-top. Courtship, a. Wooing. Cow-pox, a. Kine-pox. Court-yard, n. Court. Coxcomb, n. Beau, fop, dandy, popinCousin-german, it. Firstecousin. jay, exquisite, jackanapes, PETITCove, a. Inlet, bight, small bay. MAITRE, prig, man of dress; vain, showy Covenant, n. Agreement, bargain, con- fellow. tract, compact, stipulation, arrange- Coxcombry, n. Foppishness, vainment, treaty, convention, concordat, glory, priggery. pact. Coxcombical, a. Foppish, conceited, Covenant, v. n. Bargain, stipulate, Coxcomical, vain, priggish, pretenagree, make a stipulation. tious. Cover, v. a. 1. Overspread. Coy, a. Modest, diffident, shy, shrink2. Conceal, hide, secrete, cloak, veil, ing, timid, bashful, reserved, distant, screen, shroud, mask, disguise. demure. 3. Shield, shelter, protect, guard, Cozen, v. a. Cheat, trick, defraud, dedefend. ceive, swindle, chouse, dupe, gull, did4. Clothe, invest, envelop, inwrap, die, overreach, circumvent, beguile, wrap up. victimize, take in, impose upon. 5. Put a covering on. Cozenage, a. Fraud, deceit, artifice, 6. Comprehend, embrace, include, trickery, deception, imposition, imposcomprise, contain, embody. ture, duplicity, guile, double deal7. Counterbalance, countervail, bal- ing. ance, compensate, make up for, be Cozy, a. [Written also Cosey.] 1. Snug, equal to. comfortable, easy. Cover, n. 1. Covering, tegument, in- 2. [Eng.] Chatty, talkative, social, tegument, capsule, case. conversable. 2. Screen, veil, disguise, cloak. Crabbed, a. 1. Sour, tart, rough. 3. Shelter, protection, guard, de- 2. Morose, surly, testy, touchy, cross, fence, shield, safeguard. growling, snarling, snappish, can4. Plate, dish. tankerous, waspish, petulant, peevish, Covercle, n. Lid, small cover. churlish, harsh, acrimonious, caustic, Covering, n. COVER, tegument, integ- captious, censorious, splenetic, out of ument, capsule. sorts, ill-tempered. Coverlet, Counterpane. 3. Difficult, perplexing, trying, unCoverlid, J Coupane. manageable, tough, intractable, hard to Covert, si. Shelter, refuge, asylum, har- deal with. bor, sanctuary, retreat,.defence. Crabbedness, n. 1. Sourness, roughCovert, a. Hidden, concealed, secret, ness, tartness. disguised, clandestine, underhand, sly, 2. Asperity, acerbity, moroseness, insidious, stealthy. sullenness, moodiness, churlishness, Covet, v. a. Desire, long for, lust for, harshness, ill-temper, bad blood. hanker after, aspire to. 3. Difficulty, perplexity, intractaCovetous, a. 1. Greedy, eager, very bility. desirous (usually in a bad sense, thosugh Crab-grass, n. Wire-grass, dog's-tail sometimes in a good sense), AVARICIOUS, grass (Eleusine Indica). parsimonious, penurious, sordid, mean, Crack, n. 1. Break, cleft, breach, chink, mercenary, miserly, niggardly, stingy. fissure, crevice, cranny, opening.

Page  94 CRA.CK 94 CREDIT 2. Report, clap, pop, burst, explosion. Crassamentum, n. [L.] Clot (of blood), 3. Snap (of a whip). coagulation. Crack, v. a. 1. Break (partially), CRAZE. Cratch, a. Manger crib. 2. Split, chop, cleave, rend asunder. Cratch-cradle, n. at's cradle, scratch3. Snap (as a whip). cradle. Crack, v. n. 1. Break, split, burst, chap, Crate, a. Hamper. open in chinks. Cravat, n. Neckeloth, neckerchief, neck2. Brag, bluster, vapor, vaunt, boast, tie. gasconade, crow, exalt one's self, mag- Crave, v. a. 1. Entreat, beseech, beg, nify one's self, TALK BIG. solicit, implore, supplicate. Crack, a. [Colloquial.] Excellent, first- 2. Desire, long for, hanker after, wish rate, of the first class, first-class. for, yearn for. Crack-brained, a. Crazy, cracked, in- Craven, a. Dastard, coward, poltroon, sane, crazed. milksop. Cracked, a. 1. Broken, split. Craving, n. Longing, itching, strong 2. Crazed, crazy, crack-brained, with desire. a bee in the head, insane. Craw, n. Crop, first stomach (of a bird). Cracker, n. Hard biscuit. Crawfish, an. Crayfish, river-lobster. Crackle, v. n. Decrepitate, crepitate, Crawl, v. a. Creep. snap. Crayfish, n. CRAWFISH. Craft, n. 1. Skill, ability, talent, power, Crayon, n. 1. Pencil. cleverness, dexterity, tact, aptitude, 2. Drawing made with a crayon. aptness, expertness, readiness. Craze, v. a. 1. Make crazy, make in2. Artifice, artfulness, shrewdness, sane. subtlety, cunning. 20 [Rare.] Break, crack, crush, grind. 3. Art, trade, employment, business. Crazy, a. 1. Shattered, broken, totterCraftsman, n. Artisan, mechanic, arti- ing, rickety, worn out, out of order.'ficer, workman, hand, operative, handi- 2. Insane, distracted, mad, lunatic, craftsman. demented,. delirious, crack-brained, Crafty, a. Cunning, artful, deceitful, cracked, crazed, out of one's head, out astute, sly, arch, subtle, shrewd, wily, of one's senses, out of one's wits. invidious, intriguing, tricky, crooked, Cream, n. Choice part, best part. diplomatic, Miachiavelian. Cream-colored, a. Pale yellow. Crag, a. Rough, steep rock. Cream of tartar, Bi-tartrate of potash Cragged, a. CRAGGY. (purified), acid tartrate of potash. Craggy, a. Cragged, rugged, rough, Create, v. a. 1. Originate. broken, uneven, scraggy. 2. Produce, cause, occasion, be the Cram, v. a. 1. Stuff,; gorge, glut, fill occasion of. full, fill to repletion. 3. Make, appoint, constitute. 2. Crowd, press, compress. Creation, n. 1. Invention, origination. Cram, v. n. 1. Eat to satiety, eat greedily. 2. Universe, cosmos. 2. [Colloquial.] Study for exami- 3. Appointment, constitution, nomination. nation. Cramp, n. 1. Spasm, crick, convulsion. Creator, n. 1. Originator, Maker. 2. [Rare.] Check, restriction, re- 2. GoD, Jehovah, the Almighty. straint, obstruction. Creature, n. 1. Being (animate or inani3. Cramp-iron. mate), thing, substance, body, created Cramp, v. a. 1. Affect with spasms. being. 2. Restrain, obstruct, hinder, check, 2. Animal, living being. confine. 3. Man, person. 3. Fasten with a cramp. 4. Dependant, retainer, vassal, paraCramp-fish, n. Torpedo, electric ray site, minion, hanger-on. (Torpedo vulgaris). Credence, n. Belief, credit, trust, faith, Cramp-iron, a. Cramp. confidence, reliance. Cranberry, a. Bog-berry. Credendum, n. [L.] Article of faith, Crane-fly, a. Father-long-legs, daddy- thing to be believed. long-legs. Credentials, n. pl. Testimonials, vouchCrane's-bill, a. Geranium. ers, certificates. Craniognomy, n. Craniology, phre- Credibility, n. Trustworthiness, credinology. bleness. Craniology, n. Craniognomy, phrenol- Credible, a. Trustworthy, to be beogy. lieved, worthy of belief, not improbCranium, a. Skull, brain-pan. able. Crank, a. Easy to be overset. Credibleness, n. Trustworthiness, credCrankle, v. n. Crinkle, run in and ibility. out. Credit, n. 1. Belief, trust, faith, confiCranny, i. Cleft, crack, fissure, chink, dence, credence, reliance. crevice, rift, gap, break, breach, inter- 2. Reputableness, esteem, regard, stice, opening. good repute, good reputation, high Crapulous, a. [Rare.] Drunken, drunk, character. inebriated, intoxicated, FUDDLED. 3. Influence (of a good name), power. Crassament, a. CRASSAMENTUM. 4. Merit, honor, proof of desert.

Page  95 CREDIT 95 CROOK Credit, v. a. 1. Believe, give faith to, Criminal, a. 1. Wrong, contrary to put faith in, rely upon, confide in, law. doubt not, make no doubt of, take 2. Culpable, guilty. upon credit. Criminal, is Culprit, delinquent, offen-,2. Place to the credit of, carry to the der, transgressor, trespasser, malefaccredit of one's account, enter upon the tor, convict, felon. credit side. Criminal conversation, [Abbreviated Creditable, a. Reputable, honorable, crimn. con.] Adultery. estimable. Criminality, n. Guiltiness, guilt, culCredulity, n. Easiness of belief, readi- pability. ness to believe (on slight evidence). Criminate, v. a. Accuse, charge, arCredulous, a. Unsuspecting, unsfspi- raign, impeach, allege to be guilty. cious, easy of belief, easily duped. Crimination, n. Accusation, impeachCreed, n. Belief, tenets, dogmas, doc- ment,. arraignment, charge. trines, system of opinions, summary of Crimp, v. a. 1. Curl, crisp. belief. 2. Plait, form into ridges. Creed-bound, a. BIGOTED, wedded Crimp, n. [Colloquial.] Decoyman (for to an opinion. the military service), insnarer, trapanCreek, nt. 1. Inlet, cove, bight, small ner. bay. Cringe, v. n. Crouch, fawn, truckle, 2. Rivulet, small river. sneak, stoop, bend the knee. Creep, v. n. 1. Crawl. Cringing, a. Crouching, fawning, ser2. Steal, glide stealthily, come unno- vile, sneaking, obsequious. ticed. Crinkle, v. I. Crankle, run in and out. 3. Fawn, cringe, play the sycophant. Cripple, n. Lame person. Creeping, a. 1. Crawling. Cripple, v. a. 1. Lame, make lame. 2. Fawning, sycophantic. 2. Disable, weaken, impair the 3. (Bot.) Growing on the ground or strength of. on supports. Crisis, n.- 1. Acme, height, decisive Cremation, s. Burning (especially of turn, turning point. the dead). 2. Exigency, emergency, juncture, Crenate, a. (Bt.) Notched, indent- conjuncture, pass, strait, rub, pinch, Crenated,) ed. push, critical situation. Crepitate, v. n. Crackle, snap, decrepi- Crisp, } a. 1. Brittle, friable. tate. crispy, I Crescent, a. 1. New moon, moon in 2. Curled, frizzled. her first quarter.. Crisp, v. a. Twist, curl. 2. Figure of the new moon. Crispin, a. Shoemaker. 3. Turkish standard. Cristate, a. (Bot.) Crested. 4. Turkish power, Ottoman Empire. Criterion, a. Standard, test, touchCrescent, a. Growing, enlarging, in- stone, measure, rule. creasing. Critic, n. 1. Reviewer, censor, connoiCrescent-shaped, a. (Bot.) Lunate, seur, judge (of artistic nmerit). lunated. 2. Censurer, caviller, carper. Crest, n. 1. Tuft, plume, coMB. Critical, a. 1. Exact, nice, accurate. 2. Top, crown, summit, highest part. 2. Censorious, carping, cavilling, capCrested, a. 1. With a crest. tious. 2. (Bot.) Cristate. Criticise, v. a. Examine and estimate Crestfallen, a. Discouraged, disheart- (as works of art or of literature), remark ened, dispirited, depressed, dejected, upon (oith reference to merits and dedesponding, chap-fallen, melancholy, fects), pass judgment upon. sad, down-hearted, downcast, cast Criticism, n. 1. Art of criticising. down, low-spirited, in low spirits. 2. Critique, strictures, animadverCretaceous, a. Chalky., sion, review, critical remarks. Crevasse, n. [Fr.] Crevice, gap, open- Critique, it. Criticism, review, critical ing, ravine, gulley, GULCH. examination, critical remarks, critical Crevice, a. Fissure, Chink, rift, gap, notice. cleft, crack, cranny, interstice. Croak, v. n. Murmur, complain, grumCrew, a. Company, gang, band, set, ble, repine. horde, party. Croaker, a. Murmurer, complainer, Crib, n. 1. Rack, manger, cratch, feed- grumbler, censurer, fault-finder. ing-place. Crock, n. Soot. 2. Bin, bunker. Crock, v. a. Blacken (with soot), soil. Crib, v. a. Enclose (as in a crib), cage, Crockery, n. Earthen-ware. encage, confine, imprison, shut up. Crocodile tears, Affected tears, hypoCrick, a. Spasm, cramp, convulsion. critical sorrow. Crime, n. 1. FELONY, aggravated mis- Crone, n. Old woman (in contempt). demeanor, gross offence (especially Crony, n. [Colloquial.] Associate, intiagainst humnan law), infraction of law. mate friend, bosom friend, bosom com2. Sin, transgression, iniquity, wick- panon. edness, unrighteousness, wrong, delin- Crook, n. Bend, flexure, curvature, quency. turn.

Page  96 CROOK 96 CRUSH Crook, v. a. Bend, curve, incurvate, mass, lower classes, lower orders, combow, inflect, make crooked. mon people. Crooked, a. 1. Bent, curved, bowed, Crowd, v. a. 1. Fill by compression, winding, not straight. fill to excess. 2. Distorted, twisted, wry, awry, 2. Compress, cram, press, press toaskew, deformed, disfigured. gether. 3. Perverse, froward, dishonest, un- 3. Urge, dun. fair, dishonorable, knavish, unscrupu- Crowd, v. n. 1. Swarm, flock together, lous, deceitful, tricky, insidious, crafty, be numerous, come thick. intriguing, diplomatic, Machiavelian. a 2. Press forward, make one's way. Croon, v. a. Hum, sing softly, sing in a Crown, n. 1. Diadem. low tone. 2. Royalty, kingly power, soverCroon, n. 1. Murmur, moan. eignty. 2. Simple melody. 3. Coronet, coronal, garland, chaplet, Crop, in. 1. Harvest. wreath, laurel, bays. 2. Craw, first stomach (of a bird). 4. Dignity, honor, reward, recomCrop, v. a. 1. Lop, clip, cut off. pense, honorary distinction. 2. Gather, pluck, pick. 5. Top, summit, crest. 3. Browse, nibble, feed upon. Crown, v. a. 1. Put a crown upon, inCrosier, it. Pastoral staff. vest with a crown. Cross, n. 1. Gibbet (made of pieces of 2. Adorn, dignify, honor. wood placed transversely). 3. Recompense, reward, requite. 2. [With The prefixed.] Gospel, 4. Perfect, complete, finish, consumChristian doctrine, Christian religion, mate. divine revelation. Crowning, n. 1. Coronation. 3. Trial, vexation, trouble, affliction, 2. Perfecting, finishing, consummamisfortune. tion. 4. Intermixture (of blood in races). Crown-law, n. [England.] Criminal Cross, a. 1. Transverse, lying athwart. law. 2. Fretful, peevish, petulant, pettish, Crown-post, n. King-post. snappish, waspish,touchy, testy, crusty, Crown-wheel, n. Contrate-wheel. churlish, crabbed, captious, ill-natured, Crucial, a. 1. Transverse, intersecting. froward, morose, sulky, sullen, spleeny, 2. Severe, searching, trying, decisurly, cynical, snarling, sour, GROUTY, sive. ill-tempered, out of humor, out of tem- Cruciate, a. (Bot.) Cruciform, crossper. shaped. Cross, v. a. 1. Put across, put athwart. Cruciform, a. Cross-shaped, cRucI2. Mark with a line or lines across. ATE. 3. Traverse, pass over, go over. Crucify, v. a. 1. Put to death upon the 4. Thwart, hinder, obstruct, interfere cross. with. 2. Subdue (as the passions, by ChrisCross-barred, a. Cancellated. tian principles), overcome, mortify. Crosses, n. pl. Vexations, misfortunes, Crude, a. 1. Raw, uncooked, undressed, troubles, trials, afflictions. in a raw state. Cross-examine, v. a. Cross-question. 2. Immature, unripe, harsh. Cross-grained, a. Stubborn, obdurate, 3. Coarse, unrefined. untractable, perverse, wayward, head- 4. Unpremeditated, indigested. strong, refractory. Crudeness, n. Rawness, crudity. Crossing, ni. Intersection. Crudity, n. Rawness, crudeness. Cross-question, v. a. Cross-examine. Cruel, a. 1. Unmerciful, inhuman, merCrosswise, ad. Across, transversely, ciless, unfeeling, uncompassionate, fell, over. ruthless, barbarous, pitiless, relentless, Crotch, n. Fork, angle, corner. unrelenting, inexorable, savage, feroCrotchet, n. Whim, freak, quirk, va- cious, brutal, sanguinary, truculent, gary, whimsey, fancy, caprice, maggot, blood-thirsty, hard-hearted. WRINKLE. 2. Severe, hard, sharp, bitter. Crotchety, a. Whimsical, fantastic, Cruelty, n. Inhumanity, barbarity, fantastical, odd, queer, fanciful, capri- brutality, brutishness, ferocity, savagecious, humorsome, wayward, fitful, ness, truculence, blood-thirstiness. freakish. Cruet, sn. Vial, cruse, caster. Crouch, v. n. 1. Couch, squat, lie flat, Cruise, v. si. Rove over the sea. stoop low, lie close to the ground. Cruise, n. Roving voyage. 2. Cower, cringe, fawn, truckle. Crumble, v. a. Crush, break to pieces, Croup, n. 1. Rump (especially of a disintegrate, reduce to fragments. horse), buttocks. Crumble, v. is. 1. Fall to pieces, break 2. (Med.) Cynanche (trachealis). into pieces, become disintegrated. Crow, v. a. Boast, brag, vaunt, bluster, 2. Perish, fall into decay. swagger, vapor, triumph, chuckle, ex- Crumple, v. a. Wrinkle, rumple. ult. Crusader, n. Palmer, pilgrim. Crowd, n. 1. Throng, multitude, con- Cruse, n. Vial, cruet, caster. course, host. Crush, v. a. 1. Compress, squeeze, 2. Rabble, mob, populace, vulgar bruise, contuse.

Page  97 CRUST:97 CUPBOARD 2. Break, crumble, disintegrate, corn- Cuff, v. a. Beat, strike, buffet, box. minute, bray, CRAZE. Cui bono, [L.] For whose benefit, of 3. Demolish, break down. - what use. 4. Overpower, overcome, overwhelm, Cuirass, n. Breastplate. subdue, quell, conquer. Cul-de-sac, n. [Fr.] Blind alley. Crust, s. Incrustation, hard coating. Cull, v. a. Select, elect, choose, pick, Crustacea,. pl. CRUSTACEANS. single out, fix upon, pitch upon, pick Crustaceans, n. pl. Shell-fish (with out. thia, jointed shells, like the lobster). Cully, n. Dupe, gull, cat's paw, creduCrustacean, a. Crustaceous. lous person. Crustaceous, a. Crustacean. Cully, v. a. Cheat, trick, dupe, gull, Crusty, a. Touchy, testy, pettish, wasp- chouse, deceive, delude, overreach, ish, snappish, peevish, fretful, petulant, cozen, diddle, circumvent, beguile, imcross, churlish, crabbed, froward, surly, pose upon. morose, cynical, snarling, ill-tempered. Culmn, n. 1. Stalk (of corn, grasses,&c.), Cry, v. a. 1. Exclaim, clamor, call, stem. make an outcry, cry out. 2. Glance-coal, blind-coal, hard-coal, 2. Weep, sob, shed tears. anthracite (in smallparticles). 3. Vociferate, shout, hoot, yell, roar, Culminate, v. n. 1. Be on the meridian. bawl, squall, scream. 2. Reach the highest point, be at the Cry, v. a. Proclaim, publish, make pub- highest point. lie, make proclamation of. Culpability, ai. Guiltiness, guilt, culCry, n. 1. Exclamation, ejaculation, pableness, blame, sinfulness, crimioutcry, acclamation. nality. 2. Plaint, lament, lamentation, cry- Culpable, a. Blamable, censurable, reping, weeping. relhensible, faulty, blameworthy. 3. Scream, screech, howl, yell, roar. Culpableness, ns. Guiltiness, CULPA4. Pack of hounds. BILITY. Cry down, Decry, depreciate, condemn. Culprit, n. Criminal, malefactor, deCrying, n. Weeping, lamentation. linquent, felon. Crying, a. 1. Weeping, lamenting. Cult, n. Homage, worship. 2. Notorious, great, enormous, hein- Cultivate, v. a. 1. Till, raise crops ous, flagrant, nefarious. from. Cry out, Exclaim, clamor. 2. Study, investigate, search into. Cry out against, Blame, censure, con- 3. Improve, refine, elevate, civilize, demn, complain of. meliorate, make better. Crypt, il. Vault, tomb, catacomb. 4. Foster, cherish, promote. Cry up, Extol, commend, praise. Cultivation, ia. 1. Tillage, agriculture, Cub, n. 1. Whelp, young beast (especi- husbandry. at/ly a yomzg bear). 2. Improvement, refinement, culture. 2. [In contempt.] Child, young boy or Culture, n. 1. Agriculture, tillage. young girl. 2. Improvement, refinement, cultiCubeb, n. Java pepper (Piper cubeba). vation, civilization. Cucking-stool, it. Castigatory, trebu- Cumber, v. a. 1. Overload, oppress, chet, tumbrel, ducking-stool. clog, hamper, obstruct, encumber. Cuckoo-bud, a*. Butter-cup, king's-cup, 2. Distract, trouble, embarrass, perbutter-flower, gold-cup (Ramsnculus bul- plex, plague, harass. worry, torment. bosa). Cumbersome, a. 1. Burdensome, emCuckoo-spittle, n. Froth-spit. barrassing, troublesome, vexatious, Cucullate, a. 1. Hooded, cowled. cumbrous. Cucullated, J 2. Hood-shaped. 2. Unwieldy, unmanageable, clumsy, Cud, n. (Lo2s.) Quid. awkward, inconvenient. Cudden, n. 1. Clown, stupid rustic. Cumbrous, a. Burdensome, CUrBER2. Coal-fish, cauddy (Gadus carbo- SOME. narius or Merlangus carbonzarias). Cuneate, } a. Cuneiform, wedgeCuddle, v. ai. Snuggle, nestle, squat, lie Cuneated, shaped. close, lie snug. Cuneifornl, a. Cuneate, wedge-shaped. Cuddle, v. a. Hug, embrace. Cunner, n. 1. (Conch.) Limpet (Patella). Cuddy, a.. 1. Cabin (in the fore-part of 2. (Ich.) Conner, burgall, C0ROGSET, a boat). blue perch. 2. CUDDEN, coal-fish.. Cunning, a. Crafty, artful, sly, astute, Cudgel, as. Club, bludgeon. subtle, wily, shrewd, sharp, designing, Cudgel, v. a. Cane, drub, thrash, baste, intriguing, deceitful, TRICKY, crooked, beat'with a cudgel. diplomatic, Machiavelian. Cudgelling, sin. Flogging, whipping, Cunning,?n. Craft, art, shrewdness, beating, BASTINADO. artifice, deceit, duplicity, subtlety, inCudweed, n. Everlasting, goldylocks, trigue. IMIIORTELLE. Cup, it. 1. Chalice. Cue, ns. 1. Hint, suggestion, intimation, 2. Draught, potion, cupful. catchword, wink, nod. 3. Lot, portion. 2. Rod (i, billiards). 4. Cupping-glass. Cuff, at. Blow, stroke, box. Cupboard, a. Buffet. 7

Page  98 CUPFUL 98 CUT Cupful, n. Cup. Curse, v. a. Execrate, anathematize. Cupidity, n. 1. Longing, lust, strong denounce, invoke or imprecate evil desire.- upon. 2. Avarice, covetousness, inordinate Curse, v. n. Utter curses. desire of wealth. Curse, n. 1. Malediction, anathema, Cupping-glass, nc. Cup. execration, imprecation, fulmination, Cups, n. pl. Orgies, revels, bacchanals, denunciation, ban. carousal, wassail, compotation, drink- 2. Scourge, plague, torment, afficing bout. tion, trouble, vexation, annoyance, Curative, a. Remedial, sanatory. bitter pill, thorn in the side. Curator, n. Guardian, custodian, su- Cursed, a. 1. Accursed, unsanctifled, perintendent, keeper. unholy. Curb, n. 1. CHECK, restraint, hinder- 2. Detestable, hateful, abominable, ance, bridle. execrable, villanous, confounded. 2. Curb-stone. Cursory, a. Hasty, slight, superficial, Curb, v. a. Check, restrain, control, careless, desultory, transient, passing, bridle, put under restraint, keep un- brief. der. Curt, a. Short (usually in an ill sense, Curb-roof, n. Mansard-roof, GAM- implying crustiness), brief, concise, terse, BREL-ROOF. laconic. Curb-stone, n. Curb. Curtail, v. a. 1. Shorten, abridge, reCurcunea paper, Turmeric paper. trench, lop, cut short. Curd, n. Caseine, coagulum of milk, 2. Diminish, lessen, decrease. coagulated milk. Curtailment, n. Abbreviation, abridgCurdle, v. a. Coagulate, turn to curds. ment, contraction, shortening, reducCurdy, a. Coagulated. tion, retrenchment. Cure, n. 1. Remedy, antidote, specific, Curvature, n. Bending, bend, flexure, restorative, reparative, corrective, help. crook, curvity, curve, incurvation, AR2. Healing, restoration. CUATION. Cure, v. a. 1. Remedy, heal. Curve, n. Bend, flexure, CURVATURE. 2. Restore to health. Curve, v. a. Bend, crook, inflect. 3. Preserve (.from pul4refaction). Curvet, v. n. 1. Leap, bound, vault. Curiosity, si. 1. Inquisitiveness. 2. Caper, frisk. 2. Phenomenon, wonder, marvel, Curvet, n. 1. Leap, bound. rarity, sight, spectacle. 2. Caper, frolic, prank. Curious, a. 1. Inquisitive, scrutiniz- Curvity, n. CURVATURE. ing, prying, peering. Cushat, a. Ring-dove, wood-pigeon (Co2. Rare, singular, strange, unusual, lumba palumnbus). unique, extraordinary, queer, out of Cusk, n. Torsk (Brosinius vulgaris). the way. Cusp, ni. Point, angle, horn. 3. Elegant, neat, nice, finished. Cuspidate, a. (Bot.) Pointed, acute, Curl, n. 1. Ringlet. Cuspidated, sharp, acuminate, ac2. Sinuosity, undulation, flexure, uminated. wave. Custodian, n. Guardian, keeper, curaCurl, v. a. 1. Crisp, turn in ringlets. tor, warden, superintendent. 2. Writhe, wind, twist. Custody, n. Keeping, care, watch 3. Raise in waves. guardianship, protection, safekeepCurl, v. n. Be bent into curls or waves. ing. Curl cloud, (Meteor.) Cirrus, cat's tail, Custom, n. 1. HABIT (of a majority), mnare's tail. usage, fashion, practice, rule. Curmudgeon, n. Miser, niggard, churl, 2. Form, formality, observance. hunks, skinflint, scrimp, lickpenny, 3. Patronage. screw, mean fellow, sordid wretch. 4. Tax, impost, duty, tribute, toll. Currency, n. 1. Publicity, general re- Customary, a. Usual, common, wonted, ception. habitual, accustomed, conventional, 2. Circulation, transmission from'CONSUETUDINARY. hand to hand. Customer, n. Purchaser, buyer. 3. Money; aggregate of coin, bills and Cut, v. a. 1. Divide or sever (by an edged notes; circulating medium. tool), chop, make an incision in. Current, a. 1. Common, general, pop- 2. Sculpture, carve, chisel. ular, rife, generally received, in every 3. Cross, intersect. one's mouth. 4. Wound, hurt, touch, move, pierce. 2. Circulating (as money), passing 5. [Colloquial.] Slight (by Ntot recogfrom hand to hand. nizing), avoid recognizing. 3. Present, existing, instant, now Cut, n. 1. Gash, incision. passing. 2. Channel, passage. Current, n. 1. Stream, moving fluid. 3. Slice, piece. 2. Tide, running water. 4. Sarcasm, fling, taunt, cutting re3. Course, progression. mark. Curriculum, n. Course of studies. 5. Fashion, style, form, shape. Curry, a. Curry-powder. 6. Near path, short way. Curry-powder, n. Curry. 7. Engraving, engraved picture.

Page  99 CUT A DASH 99 DAMN Cut a dash, Make a figure, make a Cycle, s. Period, circle of time, revolugreat show, show off, cut a figure. tion of time, round of years. Cut a figure, CUT A DASH. Cyclopsedia, n. Encyclopedia. Cut and dried, Prepared beforehand, Cyclopean, a. Gigantic, colossal, vast, not spontaneous, got up for the oc- enormous, immense, Herculean. casion. Cygnet, n. Young swan. Cut capers, Frolic, be merry, be frolic- Cymbiform, a. Boat-shaped. some, play pranks, cut didos. Cynanche, n. [Gr.] (Med.) InfilammaCut didos, CUT CAPERS. tion of the throat. Catch, is. Catechu, gambler, Japan Cynical, a. Carping, censorious, satiriearth, Terra Japanica. cal, sarcastic, captious, snarling, snapCut down, 1. Fell. pish, waspish, pettish, petulant, fretful, 2. Diminish, lessen, curtail. peevish, touchy, testy, crusty, churlish, Cuticle, n. Epidermis, scarf-skin. crabbed, cross, morose, froward, surly, Cutis, it. (Alnat.) Derm, true skin. ill-tempered, ill-natured. Cut out, 1. Shape, form, fashion. Cynic, n. 1. Follower of Diogenes. 2. Outdo, excel, surpass, BEAT. 2. Misanthrope, man-hater. 3. Debar, hinder, prevent. Cynosure, n. 1. Lesser Bear, Ursa Cutpurse, a. Pickpocket, thief, robber. Minor. Cut short, 1. Bring to a sudden close, 2. Point or centre of attraction. end abruptly. Cyprian, n. Prostitute, courtesan, har2. Check suddenly, hinder from pro- lot, whore, drab, strumpet, night-walkceeding. er, lewd woman, woman of the town, 3. Abridge, diminish. woman of ill-fame. Cut-throat, a. Murderer, assassin, ruf- Cyst, a. Pouch, sac. fian.. Czar, n. Emperor of Russia. Cutting, a. 1. Sharp, keen. Czarina, n. Empress of Russia. 2. Severe, sarcastic, satirical. Czarowitz, a. Czar's eldest son. Dab, v. a. Strike, slap. Daggle-tail, n. Slattern, slut, draggleDab, n. 1. Blow, stroke. tail, filthy person. 2. Adept, expert, proficient, master- Daily, a. Diurnal, quotidian. hand, capital hand, nice hand, DAB- Dainty, a. 1. Delicious, savory, nice, STER, ~good hand. delicate, tender, palatable, luscious, Dabble, v. a. Wet, spatter, sprinkle, toothsome. moisten. 2. Elegant, beautiful, neat, fine. Dabble, v. n. 1. Play in water, splash 3. Fastidious, squeamish, scrupulous, about. over-nice. 2. Work superficially, make slight Dainty, a. Delicacy, tidbit, tit-bit, nice efforts, fritter away time. bit, choice morsel, delicate morsel. 3. Tamper, meddle, take liberties. Dale, ni. Vale, valley, bottom, dell, glen, Dabbler, a. Sciolist, quack. dingle. Dabchick, q. Didapper, dobchick (Pod- Dalliance, n. Caressing, fondling, eniceps ninor). dearments. Dabster, n. [Colloquial.] Expert, adept, Dally, v. I. 1. Trifle, dawdle, lose time, DAB. waste time, idle away time, fritter away Dad, n [Childish terms] Father, time.,Daddy,. [Childish ers.] Father 2. Fondle, toy, interchange caresses. Daddy-long-legs, n. 1. Father-long- Daltonism, a. Color-blindness. legs, crane-fly. Dam, a. Mother (of a beast), female 2. Shepherd-spider, harvest-man. parent. ]Dado, n. Die, cube of a pedestal. Damage, n. Injury, harm, hurt, detriDaedalian, a. Intricate, maze-like. ment, mischief, loss. Daffadilly, n. Daffodil, narcis- Damage, v. a. Injure, impair, hurt, Daffadowndilly, sus. harm, mar. Daffodil, n. Narcissus, daffadilly, daf- Damages, n. pl. Indemnity, satisfacfadowndilly. tion, fine, forfeiture. Daft, a. 1. [local Egg.] Stupid, silly, Damask-plum, a. Damson. foolish. Dame, i. Mistress, matron, lady, mad2. [Scottish.] Playful, frolicsome, am. mirthful, merry, sportive. Damn, v. a. 1. Condemn, judge to be Dagger, n. Poniard, dirk, stiletto. guilty. Daggle, v. a. Draggle, bemire, befoul, 2. (Tleol.) Doom to perdition, doom soil, dirty. to eternal punishment.

Page  100 DAMNABLE 100 DAUBY 3. Condemn, censure, express disap- 2. Mysterious, obscure, incomprehen. probation of. sible, unintelligible, enigmatical, mysDamnable, a. Odious, detestable, exe- tic, mystical, recondite, occult, trancrable, hateful, abominable, cursed, scendental, abstruse, cabalastic accursed. 3. Gloomy, disheartening, discouragDamnatory, a. Condemnatory. ing, cheerless, dismnal. Damp, n. Moisture, vapor, fog, damp- 4. Untaught, ignorant, unlettered, ness. rude. Damp, a. Moist, humid, dank, wet. 5. Wicked, atrocious, infamous, foul, Damnp, v. a. 1. Moisten, dampen. vile, infernal. 2. Check, repress, restrain, moderate, Dark, n. 1. Darkness, obscurity, want allay, abate. of light. 3. Chill, deaden, depress, deject. 2. Ignorance, blindness, want of Dampen, v. a. Moisten, damp. knowledge. Damper, it. 1. Check, hinderance, ob- Darken, v. a. Obscure, cloud, dim, stacle, impediment, lion in the way. shade, shadow, make dark, make dim. 2. Discouragement, wet blanket, cold Darken, v. n. Grow dark. water. Darkling, a. In the dark. Dampness, a. Moisture, damp. Darkness, is. 1. Obscurity, dimness, Damsel, is. Maiden, maid, girl, lass, dark, want of light. lassie, miss, young lady. 2. Ignorance, blindness, want of Damson, is. Damask-plum. knowledge. Dance, v. s. Frisk, caper, hop about. 3. Gloom, despondency, cheerlessDance, v. a. Dandle, toss up and down. ness, joylessness. Dance attendance, Stand and wait Darksome, a. Obscure, gloomy, DARK. (obsequiously). Darling, n. Favorite, idol, pet, dear. Dander, na. 1. [Corsu ption of] DAN- Darling, a. Favorite, beloved, dear, DR U1F. precious, much loved. 2. [Colloquial.] Anger, rage. Dart, v. a. 1. Hurl, throw, launch, jacDandiprat, is. Dwarf, little fellow. ulate, let fly. Dandle, v. a. i. Dance, toss up and 2. Emit, shoot, send off. down. Dart, v. n. Rush, fly swiftly. 2. Fondle, caress, pet, amuse with Darter, n. (Ornith.) Snake-bird. trifles, play with. Dartre, n. [Fr.] Herpes, tetter. Dandruff, n. Scurf on the head. Dartrous, a. Herpetic. Dandy, is. Beau, fop, coxcomb, exqui- Dash, v. a. 1. Strike violently. site, popinjay, macaroni, jackanapes, 2. Throw forcibly. jack-a-dandy, man of dress, man milli- 3. Adulterate, deteriorate (by mixtner, vain fellow. ure), alloy. Dandy-fever, n. Dengue, break-bone 4. Disappoint, frustrate, thwart, ruin, fever. destroy, shatter, spoil. Dandyism, Is. Foppishness. 5. Surprise, confound, abash, put to Danger, n. Peril, hazard, risk, jeopar- shame. dy, venture. Dash, v. is. Rush, dart, fly swiftly. Dangerous, a. Perilous, hazardous, Dash, i. 1. Stroke, blow. unsafe, RISKY, full of risk. 2. Rush, onset, sudden advance. Dangle, v.n. 1. Swing, hang loose. 3. Infusion, tinge, tincture, sprink2. Fawn, hang about, be obsequious. ling, spice, touch, smack, little, small Dank, a. Moist, damp, humid, wet. quantity. Dapper, a. 1. Active, lively, brisk, 4. Flourish, show, ostentatious disagile, nimble, spry, smart, quick, play. alert, ready. Dash-board, n. Dasher. 2. Spruce, nice, neat, trim, pretty. Dasher, n. Dashboard. Dapple, a. Variegated, spotted, dap- Dashing, a. 1. Rushing, precipitate. pled. 2. Ostentatious, showy, pretentious. Dapple, v. a. Variegate, spot, diversify. Dash in pieces, Break in pieces, break Dare, v. in. Venture, presume, have into fragments. courage, be bold enough, not be afraid. Dash off, Execute rapidly. Dare, v. a. Brave, defy, challenge. Dastard, a. Coward, poltroon, craven, Dare-devil, n. Desperado, rash adven- milksop. turer, desperate fellow. Dastard, a. Cowardly, dastardly. Daring, a. Bold, adventurous, fearless, Dastardly, a. Cowardly, dastard. brave, intrepid, valorous, valiant, cour- Data, n. pl. Facts, premises. ageous, gallant, chivalrous, doughty, Date, n. Time, epoch, era, age. heroic, undaunted, dauntless. Date, v. a. Fix the date of, note the Daring, it. Boldness, intrepidity, valor, time of. bravery, courage. Date, v. n. Begin, be reckoned, be dated.'Dark, a. 1. Unilluminated, unenlight- Daub, v. a. Smear, besmear, plaster, ened, dusky, shadowy, rayless, sunless, cover, bedaub, begrime. darksome, lurid, murky, cloudy, shady, Daub, ns. Coarse painting. overcast, black, ebon, Cimmerian, not Dauby, a. Adhesive, viscous, viscid, light, pitchy. glutinous, smeary, sticky.

Page  101 DAUNT 101 DEBATE Daunt, v. a. Frighten, affright, alarm, 2. Blunt, benumb, paralyze, obtund, intimidate, scare, terrify, dismay, ap- hebetate, make insensible. pall, cow. Dead language, Unspoken language. Dauntless, a. Fearless, intrepid, bold, Deadly, a. 1. Mortal, fatal, destrucbrave, daring, undaunted, courageous, tive, deleterious, noxious, miurdergallant, valiant, valorous, doughty, ous. chivalrous, heroic. 2. Implacable, rancorous, sangulDavy Jones, [Sailor's term.] The nary. Devil. Deadly-night-shade, n. Belladonna, Daw, n. Jackdaw (Corvus monedula). banewort, dwale (Atropa belladonna). Dawdle, v. n. Trifle, daily, fiddle, lose Dead shot, Good marksman. time, waste time, idle away time, frit- Deaf, a. Hard of hearing, dull of hearter away time, fool away time. ing. Dawdler, n. Idler, trifler, lounger, lag- Deafen, v. a. Stun, make deaf. gard, drone, sluggard, slow-back, inef- Deaf-mute, n. Deaf and dumb person. ficient person. Deaf to, Regardless of, heedless of, inDawn, v. a. Break, begin to be light, attentive to. grow light. Deal, n. 1. Quantity, degree, extent. 2. Appear, open, begin to appear. 2. Distribution (of cards). Dawn, n. Cockcrowing, DAYBREAK, 3. Pine plank. dayspring, dawning, break of day. Deal, v. a. Distribute, give, bestow, Dawning, s. 1. DAYBREAK, dawn. dispense, apportion, allot, divide, share, 2. Beginning, first appearance. deal out, dole out, mete out. Day, n. 1. Day-time (between sunrise Deal, v. n. 1. Traffic, trade, do busiand sunset). ness, have commerce. 2. Period of twenty-four hours. 2. Behave, conduct one's self. 3. Sunshine, daylight, sunlight, light 3. Distribute cards. of day. Deal by, Treat (either well or ill). Day-blindness, ai. Nyctalopy, noctur- Dealer, l. 1. Trader, trafficker. nal sight. 2. Distributor. Daybreak, ia. Dawn, dawning, cock- Deal in, Have to do with, be engaged crowing, dayspring, break of day, peep in. of day, prime of day, first blush of the Dealing, A. 1. Conduct, behavior, acmorning. tion. Day by day, Daily, every day. *. Commerce, intercourse, business, Day-dream, Ia. Dream, conceit, idle trade, traffic. fancy, visionary scheme. Dear, a. 1. Costly, expensive, highDaylight, n. Sunlight, sunshine, day, priced, at a high price, of great price. light of day, light of heaven. 2. Precious, beloved, darling, much Day-sight, is. HEMERALOPIA, night- loved, highly esteemed or valued. blindness. Dear, 7. Darling. Dayspring, a. Dawn, dawning, DAY- Dearth, ai. 1. Scarcity, insufficiency, BREAK. deficiency, short supply. Day-star, a. 1. Venus, Lucifer, Morn- 2. Need, want, lack, famine, short ing Star. commons. 2. Sun, orb of day. Death, n. Decease, demise, dying, disDaze, v. a. 1. Dazzle, blind. solution, departure, exit, end of life, 2. Bewilder, confuse, perplex. King of terrors, debt of nature. Dazzle, v. a. 1. Daze, blind (by excess Death-like, a. Cadaverous, pale, wan, of light). ghastly. 2. Astonish (by splendor), surprise Death's-head-moth, n. Hawlr-moth. (by brilliancy). Debar, v.a. Exclude, prohibit, prevent, Dazzle, it. Brightness, brilliancy, splen- hinder, restrain, withhold, shut out. dor, dazzling light. Debark, v. n. Land, disembark, go on Dead, a. 1. Lifeless, breathless, inani- shore, come to land. mate,deceased, defunct, departed, gone, Debase, v. a. 1. Lower, depress, reduce, gone to one's last home, gathered to deteriorate, impair, vitiate, injure, perone's fathers. vert, alloy. 2. Dull, frigid, cold, torpid, inert, 2. Degrade, abase, disgrace, dishonor, unfeeling, callous, obtuse, indifferent, humble, humiliate, shame, mortify, lukewarm. bring low, take down. 3. Vapid, tasteless, insipid, flat. 3. Contaminate, taint, defile; pollute, 4. Unemployed, useless, unprofitable. foul, befoul, corrupt, soil. 5. Entire, complete, total. Debasement, ni. 1. Deterioration, viDead, n. Depth, gloomiest period. tiation, adulteration, perversion. Dead against, Utterly or wholly op- 2. Abasement, degradation, humiliaposed, out and out against. tion, depravation. Dead ahead, (Naut.) Directly ahead Debatable, a. Disputable. (said of the wisnd). Debate, n. 1. Disputation, controversy. Dead-drunk, Completely drunk. 2. Altercation, contest, contention, Deaden, v. a. 1. Weaken, impair, dull, dispute, logomachy, strife of words, damp, dampen. war of words.

Page  102 DEBATE 102 DECLINATION Debate, v. a. Discuss, argue, dispute, Deceiver, n. Impostor, cheat, trickster, contest, canvass. rogue, knave, pretender. Debate, v. n. 1. Argue, dispute, delib- Decency, is. 1. Propriety, decorum, erate, hold an argument. proper formality. 2. (Rare.) Fight, contend, struggle. 2. Modesty, delicacy, purity. Debauch, v. a. 1. Corrupt, vitiate, de- Decent, a. 1. Proper, becoming, lit, prave, pollute. befitting, suitable, decorous, seemly, 2. Ravish, deflour, violate, commit comely. a rape upon. 2. Modest, delicate, pure. Debauch, n. Potation, compotation, 3. Tolerable, passable, moderate, rerevels, revelry, orgies, bacchanals, sat- spectable. urnalia, carousal, drunken frolic, in- Deception, n.'. Imposture, impositemperate indulgence. tion, DECEIT. Debauchee, n. Libertine, rake, volup- 2. TRICK, cheat, ruse, wile, stratatuary, profligate, man of pleasure. gem, chouse. Debauchery, n. 1. Excesses, dissipa- Deceptive, a. Deceitful, deceiving, detion, dissoluteness. lusive, illusive, illusory, misleading, 2. Licentiousness, lewdness. fallacious, clap-trap, false. Debilitate, v. a. Weaken, enervate, Decide, v. a. Settle, conclude, termienfeeble, exhaust, prostrate, render nate, end. weak, make languid. Decide, v. i. Determine, conclude, come Debilitation, n. Weakening, exhaus- to a conclusion, give a decision. tion, prostration. Decided, a. 1. Determined, unwaverDebility, n. Weakness, feebleness, lan- ing, unhesitating, resolute. guor, prostration, exhaustion, infirmity, 2. Unequivocal, categorical, positive, frailty, loss of strength. absolute. Debonair, a. Courteous, affable, polite, 3. Unquestionable, undeniable, indisrefined, civil, urbane, complaisant, ob- putable, certain, clear, beyond all quesliging- gracious easy, kind, well-bred. tion, beyond a doubt, past dispute. Debris, n. [Fr.] Rubbish, ruins, re- Deciduous, a. (Bot.) Not evergreen, mains. not perennial. Debt, a. 1. Due, obligation. Decipher, v. a. 1. Unravel, unfold, in2. Trespass, offence, transgression, terpret, reveal, explain, expound. sin, fault, crime. 2. Read, make out. Debt of nature, DEATH. Decision, n. 1. Conclusion, judgment, Debut, n. [Fr.] First attempt, first ap- determination, settlement. pearance. 2. Resolution, firmness. Decadence, t a. Decay, decline, fall, Decisive, a. Conclusive, final. Decadency,J declension, degeneracy. Deck, v. a. Adorn, embellish, decorate, Decalogue, n. The ten commandments. ornament, array, beautify. Decamp, v. i. 1. Break up camp, march Declaim, v. n. 1. Harangue, spout, away, march off, move off. speak (rhetorically). 2. Flee, fly, escape, hasten away, run 2. Recite a speech, practise speaking. away, go away, make off, pack off, Declamation, n. 1. Declaiming, hasteal away. ranguing, spouting. Decant, v. a. Pour off. 2. Harangue, set speech. Decapitate, is. Behead, decollate, de-.3. Exercise in speaking. prive of the head. Declamatory, a. 1. In the style of Decapitation, n. Beheading, decolla- declamation. tion. 2. Rhetorical, grandiloquent, inDecarbonize, v. a. Deprive of carbon. flated, bombastic, swelling, pompous, Decay, v. n. 1. Decline, fail, deteriorate, turgid, pretentious, high-flowing, highwither, waste, perish, be impaired, sounding, HIGHFALUTIN, waste away, fall into decay. Declaration, n. Affirmation, assertion, 2. Rot, putrefy, be spoiled. asseveration, averment, protestation, Decay, n. Decline, decadence, deterio- avowal. ration, degeneracy. Declarative, a. Explanatory, DECLARADecease, ai. DEATH, demise, dying. TORY. Decease, v. at. DIE, depart. Declaratory, a. 1. Expressive, affirmDeceased, a. Dead, defunct. ative, enunciative, enunciatory. Deceit, n. Deception, fraud, imposition, 2. Explanatory, declarative. ~imposture, finesse, artifice, duplicity, Declare, v. a. Affirm, assert, aver, asguile, trickery, cozenage, cheating, severate, state, proclaim, publish, prodouble dealing. mulgate, communicate, announce,utter, Deceitful, a. Deceptive, delusive, illu- make known. sive, illusory, fallacious. Declare, v. n. 1. Make a declaration. Deceive, v. a. Delude, cheat, dupe, gull, 2. Announce a determination. cozen, fool, befool, trick, circumvent, Declension, t. 1. Decline, deterioraoverreach, chouse, diddle, beguile, tion, degeneracy, decay, diminution, hood-wink, impose upon, make a fool falling ohft of, play a trick upon, pull wool over 2. (Grane.) Inflection, variation. one's eyes. Declination, i1. Deviation.

Page  103 DECLINE 103 DEFALCATION Decline, v. nt. 1. Lean downward. Decussate, v. a. Intersect, cross, divide 2. Decay, sink, droop, languish, pine, crosswise. fail, become feeble. Decussate, a.'Crossed, intersected, 3. Deteriorate, degenerate, be im- Decussated, reticulated. paired. Decussation, n. Crossing, intersection. 4. Decrease, lessen, diminish, wane, Dedicate, v. a. 1. Devote, consecrate, fall away. set apart. Decline, v. a. 1. Refuse, reject. 2. Address (as a literary work), in2. (Grantm.) Inflect, vary., scribe. Decline, it. 1. Decline, deterioration, Dedicate, a. Devoted, consecrated, dedidegeneracy, decay, diminution, falling cated, set apart. off. Dedication, n. 1. Consecration, devo2. Consumption, phthisis, marasmus, tion. atrophy, gradual wasting, progressive 2. Address, inscription. emaciation. Deduce, v. a. Derive, conclude, infer. Declivity, ni. Slope (downwards), de- Deducible, a. Inferrible, derivable. scent. Deduct, v. a. Subtract, separate, take Declivous, a. Sloping. away. Decollate, v. a. Behead, decapitate. Deduction, i. 1. Subtraction, retrenchDecollation, n. Beheading, decapita- ment, withdrawal, removal. tion. 2. Abatement, allowance, defalcation, Decolor, v. a. Deprive of color. reduction, discount. Decolorize,.a. * eprive of color. 3. Inference, conclusion, consequence, Decompose, v. a. Decompound, ana- corollary. lyze, resolve into its elements. Deed, it. 1. Act, action, performance, Decomposition, in. Analysis, resolu- exploit, achievement, feat. tion. 2. Reality, fact, truth. Decompound, v. a. Analyze, decom- 3. (Law.) Indenture. pose. Deem, v. a. Think, regard, consider, Decorate, v. a. Adorn, deck, ornament, hold, believe, suppose, imagine, judge, embellish, beautify. account, look upon. Decoration, s. Ornament, embellish- Deem, v. n. Think, believe, suppose, ment. opine, fancy, be of opinion. Decorous, a. Decent, becoming, suit- Deep, a. 1. Profound, unfathomable. able, proper, befitting, seemly, comely, 2. Mysterious, intricate, knotty, diffifit, decent. cult, hard (to comprehend). Decorumn, n. Decency, propriety, seem- 3. Sagacious, penetrating, intelligent, liness, appropriate behavior. discerning, shrewd. Decoy, v. a. Allure, lure, entice, in- 4. Absorbed, engrossed, rapt up. veigle, seduce, tempt, entrap, ensnare. 5. Grave, low, not high, not sharp, Decoy, n. Lure, allurement. 6. Dark, intense. Decoy-pigeon, n. Stool-pigeon. 7. Great, thorough, entire. Decoy-rogue, ns. STOOL-PIGEON. Deep, n. Sea, ocean, main. Decrease, v. n. Diminish (gradually), Deep, ad. DEEPLY. lessen, grow less. Deepen, v. a. 1. Make deeper, increase Decrease, v. a. Diminish, lessen, make the depth of. less. 2. Make darker, make more intense. Decrease, n. Diminution, lessening, de- 3. Reduce to a lower tone, make more crement, reduction. grave. Decree, v. 1i. Ordain, appoint, deter- Deepen, v. a. Grow deeper, become mine. deeper. Decree, v. a. Order, ordain, appoiit, Deeply, ad. 1. Profoundly, deep, to or enjoin, command. at a great depth, far down. Decree, n. Edict, enactment, regulation, 2. Thoroughly, entirely, completely. law, order, mandate, fiat, ordinance, 3. Greatly, very much, in a high destatute. gree. Decrement, n. Decrease, diminution, Deer-berry, a. Tea-berry, wintergreen, lessening, waste, loss. partridge-berry, boxberry, mountainDecrepit, a. Superannuated, effete, tea (Gaultherin procumnbenzs). worn or broken down with age, infirm Deface, v. a. Disfigure, deform, mar, through age. spoil, injure, soil, tarnish. Decrepitate, v. n. Crackle, snap, crepi- Defacement, i. Disfigurement, injury. tate. De facto, [L.] 1. In fact, really, actualDecrepitude, n. Infirmity of age, de- ly. dine of life. 2. Real, actual. Decrial, it. Condemnation, disparage- Defalcate, v. a. [Applied especially to ment, depreciation, crying down. public accounts, estimates, &c.] Lop, lop Decry, v. a. Disparage, depreciate, dis- off, cut off, deduct a part of. credit, condemn, traduce, cry down, run Defalcation, n. 1. Diminution, abatedown, bring into disrepute, bring dis- ment. credit on. 2. Deficiency, deficit, default, shortDecuple, a. Tenfold. coming, falling short.

Page  104 DEFAMATION 104 DEGENERACY'Defamation, n. Slander, calumny, de- Deficit, it. [L.] Want, DEFICIENCY. traction, obloquy, aspersion, abuse, Defile, v.a. 1. Soil, dirty, stain, tarnish, backbiting, scandal,false accusation. make foul or filthy. Defamatory, a. Slanderous, calumui- 2. Sully, taint, pollute, corrupt, viti. ous, libellous, abusive. ate, debase, contaminate, poison. Defame, v. a. Asperse, slander, malign, 3. Violate, DEFLOUR, ravish. calumniate, traduce, vilify, revile, lam- Defile, v. n. File off, march in a line. pooll, blacken, abuse, blemish, run Defilemlnent, a. Pollution, contaminadown, speak ill of. tion, taint, uncleanness, abomination, Default, i. 1. Omission, neglect, failure. foulness. 2. Want, lack, destitution, defect, Definable, a. Determinable, that may deficiency. be defined. Defaulter, n;. Delinquent (in failing to Define, v. a. 1. Limit, bound, circumappear in court, or in accounting for scribe, set bounds to, fix the limits mnoney intrusted). of. Defeat, n. 1. Overthrow, downfall, rout, 2. Describe, declare the properties discomfiture, repulse. of. 2. Frustration. 3. Explain the meaning of, give the Defeat, v. a. 1. Conquer, overthrow, signification of. overcome, vanquish, checkmate, re- Definite, a.,1. Determinate, defined, pulse, beat, discomfit, rout. precisely bounded. 2. Frustrate, baffle, foil, balk, dis- 2. Precise, exact, determined, cerconcert, disappoint. tain. Defecate, v. a. Clarif~y, clear, purify. 3. (Gram.) Limiting, defining. Defecation, n. Clarification, purifica- Definition, n. 1. Explanation (of the tion. meanzing). Defect, n. 1. Deficiency. 2. Description (by a statemenzt ofchar2. Imperfection, blemish, flaw. acteristic properties). 3. Fault, failing, foible. Definitive, a. 1. Determinate, positive, Defection, n. Apostasy, backsliding. express, explicit, categorical, uncondiDefective, a. 1. Deficient, insufficient, tional. inadequate, not full, incomplete. 2. Final, conclusive. 2. Imperfect, faulty, not perfect. Deflect, v. sn. Deviate, diverge, swerve, Defence, nl. [Written also Defense.] 1. turn aside. Protection, guard, buckler, bulwark, Deflect, v. a. Behd, turn aside. fortification, tower of strength. Deflection, so. )eviation, bending. 2. Vindication, justification, apology, Deflour, v. a. 1. Deprive of flowers, plea, excuse. deprive of beauty. Defenceless, a. Unguarded, unarmed, 2. Ravish, violate, debauch, defile, unprotected, exposed, weak. constuprate, commit rape upon.'Defend, v. a. 1. Guard, PROTECT, Deform, v. a. Disfigure, deface, mar, shield, secure from danger, secure from injure, spoil, make unsightly, make attack. ugly. 2. Vindicate, assert, maintain, up- Deformity, a. 1. Distortion, malforhold, justify, espouse, plead. mation, misproportion, ugliness, ineleDefender, so. 1. Asserter, pleader. gance, disfigurement, monstrosity, want 2. Champion, vindicator, protector. of symmetry. Defer to, Respect, value, yield to, pay 2. Irregularity, deviation from prorespect to, think much of, think highly priety. of, pay deference to. Defraud, v. a. Cheat, cozen, trick, Defer, v. a. Postpone, delay, adjourn, dupe, gull, deceive, overreach, circumprocrastinate, put off, stave off, let lie vent, delude, hoodwink, chouse, diddle, over. beguile, impose upon. Deference, so. 1. Respect, regard, es- Defray, v. a. Pay, discharge, settle, teem, honor, reverence, veneration, bear. homage, obeisance. Deft, a. 1. Dexterous, skilful, clever, 2. Complaisance, condescension. apt, adroit, ready, expert. Deferential, a. Respectful, reverential. 2. Neat, pretty. Defiance, n. 1. Daring, challenge, in- Defunct, a. Dead, deceased, departed, vitation to combat. gone. 2. Contempt, opposition, spite, de- Defy, v. a. 1. Challenge, dare, bid despite.- iance to, hurl defiance at. Defiant, a. Bold, daring, courageous. 2. Brave, disregard, slight, scorn, Deficiency, n. 1. Want, lack, defective- spurn, despise, conltemn, treat with ness, insufficiency, scantiness, short- contempt, trample on, set at naught, ness, meagreness, dearth, scarcity, DE- snap the fingers at. FICIT. Degeneracy, is. 1. Deterioration, de2. Failing, failure, frailty, infirmity, basement, abasement, depravation, deimperfection, foible, fault, error, weak- generation, degenerateness, declension, ness, weak side, blind side. degradation, decline, decrease, falling Deficient, a. Defective, insufficient, im- of, growing worse. perfect, incomplete, not full, not perfect. 2. Inferiority, meanness, poorness.

Page  105 DEGENERATE 105 DELINEATION Degenerate, v.n. Deteriorate, decline, Delectable, a. Pleasing, pleasant, dedecay, become worse, grow worse, lightful, agreeable, gratifying. Degenerate, a. Inferior, mean, base, Delectation, a. Delight, joy, gladness, corrupt, fallen, degenerated. rapture, transport, ravishment, ecstasy, Degeneration, it. Degeneracy. great pleasure. Deglutition, 1. Swallowing. Delegate, v. a. 1. Depute, commission, Degradation, it. 1. Dishonor, disgraoe, appoint as agent, send on: an embassy. humiliation. 2. Intrust, commit. 2. Deterioration, abasement, debase- Delegate, it. Deputy, commissioner, ment, degeneracy, degeneration, de- representative. cline, vitiation, perversion. Delegation,,. Deputies, delegates, 3. (Geol.) Wearing away (of rocks, body of delegates. &c )- -. Delete, v. a. Erase, efface, remove, dele, Degrade, v. a. 1. Disgrace, dishonor, blot out. discredit, break, cashier, reduce to infe- Deleterious, a. L. Destructive, deadly, rior rank. poisonous, noxious. 2. Lower, sink, deteriorate, impair, 2. Injurious, pernicious, hurtful, uninjure, debase, vitiate, pervert, alloy. wholesome. Degree, s?. 1. Step, stage. Deliberate, v. n. Reflect, ponder, con2. Class, rank, order, grade, quality,. sider, think, cogitate, ruminate, muse, station, standing. meditate, take counsel with one's self. 3. Measure, extent. Deliberate, a. 1. Wary, cautious, care4. Remove (in the line of descent). ful, circumspect, considerate, thought5. Division (as on a scale), interval, ful. space. 2. Well considered, well advised, not Dehisce, v. n. Open, gape, gape open. rash. Dehiscence, s1. Opening, gaping. 3. Slow, not hasty. Dehiscent, a. Opening, gaping. Deliberation, a. 1. Consideration, Dehortation, 7a. Dissuasion. meditation, cogitation, thought, reflecDehortativeol} a- Dissuasive. tion, circumspection, wariness, caution, Dehortatory,. thoughtfulness. Deification, se. Apotheosis. 2. Consultation, discussion. Deify, v. a. Idolize, make a god of, raise Delicacy, n. 1. Pleasantness, agreeto the rank of a deity. ableness, deliciousness, daintiness, saDeign, v. is. Condescend, vouchsafe, voriness, relish. think fit, see fit. 2. Dainty, tidbit, titbit. Deign, v. a. Grant, vouchsafe, accord. 3. Fineness, nicety, niceness, eleDeist, si. Unbeliever (in Christianity, gance. buLt not in the existence of a God), scep- 4. Tenderness, slenderness, weakness, tic, infidel, free-thinker. frailty. Deity, 1i. 1. Divinity, Godhead, the 5. Carefulness, scrupulousness, fasDivine Nature. tidiousness, daintiness, discrimination, 2. (Myth.) God or goddess. tact, sensibility, nice perception. Deject,. v. a. Dishearten, dispirit, dis- 6. Refinement, purity. courage, depress, make despondent, Delicate, a. 1. Pleasant, pleasing, demake sad. licious, agreeable, savory, palatable. Dejected, a. Disheartened, dispirited, 2. Fine, nice, elegant, exquisite. discouraged, depressed, down-hearted, 3. Tender, slender, weak. down-cast, despondent, cast down, 4. Discriminating, careful, scrupuchap-fallen, crest-fallen, down in the lons, fastidious, dainty, of nice percepmouth. tion. Dejection, a. Depression, despondency, 5. Refined, pure. sadness, melancholy, gloom, dumps, Delicious, a. 1. Luscious, savory, palblues, lowness of spirits. atable, delicate, dainty, nice. Dejeuner, i. [Fr.] Breakfast, morn- 2. Pleasant, grateful, agreeable. Dejeune, ing meal. Delight, n. Joy, gladness, delectation, 2. Luncheon, lunch. rapture, transport, ravishment, ecstasy, De jure, [L.] Of right, by right, by great pleasure. law. Delight, v. a. Enrapture, transport, Delay, v. a. 1. Defer, postpone, pro- enchant, charm, bless, please highly, crastinate, put off, stave off, let lie gratify much. over. Delight, v. a. Take delight, have great 2. Detain, hinder, retard, stop, im- pleasure. pede. Delightful, a. Charming, enchanting, Delay, v. si. Linger, tarry, stop, pro- ravishing, very agreeable, highly pleascrastinate. ing. Delay, t. 1. Procrastination, postpone- Delineate, v. a. 1. Design, sketch, figment, deferring, the Fabian policy, ure, represent by outlines. masterly inactivity. 2. Describe, portray, depict, set forth. 2. Detention, stay, stop, hinderance. Delineation, s. 1. Sketch, design, outDele, v. a. (L.) Erase, efface, remove, line, draught. delete,, blot out. 2. Description, account, portrayal.

Page  106 DELINQUENCY 106 DENIAL Delinquency, n. Fault, misdeed, mis- Demerit, n. Fault, vice, crime, delindemeanor, offence, crime, failure in quency, transgression, ill desert. duty, neglect of duty. Demirep, n.. Woman of doubtful repuDelinquent, a. Failing in duty. tation (as respects chastity). Delinquent, n. Offender, culprit, crim- Demise, n. 1. Conveyance, alienation, inal, wrong-doer. transfer, transferirence, making over. Delirious, a. Insane (as infevers), mad, 2. Death (of a royal or a distinguished deranged, demented, raving, frantic, person), decease. frenzied. Demise, v. a. 1. Alienate, transfer, conDelirium, n. Wandering (as in fevers), sign, devolve, convey, make over, deincoherence, hallucination, derange- liver over. ment, insanity, frenzy, raving, mad- 2. Bequeath, devise, will, grant by ness, alienation of mind. will. Delirium tremens, MANIA A POTU, Demiurgic, n. Creative, formative. the horrors. Democracy, n. 1. Government by the Deliver, v. a. 1. Liberate, release, free, people. emancipate, set free, set at liberty. 2. Republic, representative govern2. Rescue, save, extricate, redeem. ment. 3. Commit, transfer, give, pass over, 3. [U. S.] Democrats, democratic make over. party. 4. Yield, cede, grant, surrender, re- Democratic, ta. 1. Popular, of the linquish, resign, give up. Democratical, people. 5. Pronounce, utter, speak. 2. Representative, republican. 6. Discharge, deal, give forth. 3:. [U. S.] Of the democrats. Deliverance, n. 1. Release, liberation, Demolish, v. a, Destroy, overthrow, emancipation, redemption, escape. raze, level, ruin, dash to pieces, break 2. Extrication, rescue, acquittance. to pieces. Delivery, n. 1. Surrender, conveyance, Demolition, n. Overthrow, destrucgiving up. tion, ruin. 2. Utterance, enunciation, pronun- Demon, n. 1. Spirit, genius, tutelary ciation, speech, elocution. deity. 3. Childbirth, parturition, labor, tra- 2. Devil, fiend, evil spirit. vail. Demoniac, la. Person possessed by a Dell, n. Dale, dingle, valley, ravine, glen. demon, or evil spirit. Delude, v. a. Deceive, beguile, mislead, Demoniac,. Diabolical, devilish, cheat, cozen, chouse, diddle, gull, dupe, Demoniacal, infernal. circumvent, overreach, trick, impose Demonstrable, a. Provable, capable upon, lead astray, lead into error. of being proved, capable of proof or Deluge, z. Flood, overflow, inundation, demonstration. cataclysm. Demonstrate, v. a. Prove, establish, Deluge, v. a. Submerge, inundate, over- show, make evident. flow, drown, overwhelm. Dem'onstration, n. 1. Proof. Delusion, n. 1. Trick, imposition, im- 2. Manifestation, show. posture, cheat, fraud, artifice, wile, Demonstrative, a. 1. Conclusive. ruse, dodge, fetch, CLAP-TRAP, BAR. 2. Self-asserting, forward, bold, con2. Illusion, deception, fallacy, error, fident, presuming. hallucination, mockery, phantasm. Demoralization, n. 1. Corruption of Delusive, a. Fallacious, deceitful, de- morals. ceptive, deceiving, illusive, illusory, 2. Depravity, want of principle. CLAP-TRAP. Demoralize, v. a. Corrupt, deprave, Delve, v. a. & n. Dig. vitiate, deprive of moral principle. Demagogue, n?. Ringleader of the pop- Demlulcent, a. Mild, soothing, lenitive, ulace, factious leader, popular agitator. emollient, sedative. Demand, v. a. Claim, require, exact, Demur, v. n. 1. Hesitate, pause, stop; challenge, call for, ask for. waver, be in doubt, stop to consiDemand, v. n. Ask, inquire, make in- der. quiry. 2. Object, raise objections. Demand, a. 1. Claim, requisition, re- Demure, a. 1. Decorous, sober, grave, quirement, exaction. modest, downcast, coy. 2. Want, call, desire to obtain. 2. Prudish, over-modest, affectedly 3. Question, inquiry, interrogation. modest. Demarcation, z. Division, limit, bound, Demurrer, n. (Law.) Objection. boundary. Den, n. 1. Cavern, cave. Demean one's self, Behave, conduct, 2. Haunt, retreat, resort, place of acquit one's self. resort, place much frequented. Demeanor, i. Behavior, carriage, de- Dendriform, a. Arborescent, arboriportment, conduct, manner, bearing, form, dendritic, dendroid, branching. air, mien. Dendritic, a. DI)ENDRIFORM. Demented, a. Idiotic, foolish, infatuat- Dendroid, a. DENDRIFORM. ed, insane, crazy. Dengue, n. [Sp.] Break-bone fever, Dementia, in. [L.] (Med.) Idiocy, in- dandy-fever. sanity, loss of intellect. Denial, n. 1. Contradiction, negation.

Page  107 DENIZEN 107 DEPOSITION 2. Disavowal, disclaimer, abjuration, 2. Province, function, office, station, disowning. sphere of duty, course of life. 3. Refusal (to grant a request). Departure, n. 1. Withdrawal, exit, reDenizen, n. 1. (Eng. Law.) Naturalized cession, retirement, removal. citizen, adopted citizen. 2. Death, decease, demise. 2. Inhabitant, dweller, resident. Depend, v. n. Hang, be pendent. Denominate, v. a Name, designate, Depend on, Rely upon, rest upon, conentitle, style, call, dub, christen, phrase. fide in, trust to, count upon, reckon Denomination, xa. 1. Name, title, style, upon, build upon, depend upon. designation, appellation. Dependant, n. Vassal, minion, retainer, 2. Sect, school, class. CLIENT, hanger-on. Denote, v. a. Signify, imply, betoken, Dependence, n. 1. Connection, conindicate, typify, note, mark, designate, catenation. point out. 2. Reliance, trust, confidence. DI;llouement, n. [Fr.] 1. Catastrophe 3. Stay, staff, support, prop, buttress, (of a drama or a novel), unravelling supporter. of the plot. 4. Subordination, subjection. 2. Issue, upshot, conclusion, termi- Dependency, n. 1. Adjunct, appurtenation, FINALE, consummation, wind- nance. ing up, finishing stroke, final event. 2. Colony. Denounce, v. a. 1. Threaten, menace. Depend upon, DEPEND ON. 2. Brand, stigmatize, arraign, up- Depict, v. a. 1. Paint, sketch, portray, braid, censure. delineate, pencil. De novo, [L.] Anew, newly, afresh, 2. Describe, set forth. again, over again. Deplete, v. a. Exhaust, drain, evacuate, Dense, a. Close, compact, condensed, empty. compressed, thick. Depletion, is. Exhausting, draining, Density, n. Closeness, compactness. emptying, evacuation. Dent, ns. Indentation, dint, nick, notch. Deplorable, a. Lamentable, pitiable, Dent, v. a. Indent, make a dent upon. sad, calamnitous, grievous, miserable, Dentate, a. Toothed, notched, serrate, wretched, distressing, mournful, melDentated, serrated. ancholy, to be deplored. Dentifrice, n. Tooth-powder. Deplore, v. a. Mourn, bewail, laDentist, n. Dental surgeon, surgeon ment, bemoan, grieve for, sorrow dentist. over. Dentition, a. Teething, cutting of the Deploy, v. a. (Mil.) Open, unfold, exteeth. tend, expand. Denude, v. a. Strip, divest, make bare, Deploy, v. n. (JMil.) Open, extend, exmake naked. pand. Denunciation, n. 1. Menace, threat. Depone, v. n. [Scotland.] Depose, testify, 2. Arraignment. affirm, state, bear witness. Denunciatory, a. Condemnatory. Deponent, n. Witness (who makes oath Deny, v. a. 1. Contradict, gainsay, de- to a written statement). clare to be untrue. Depopulate, v. a. Dispeople, unpeople, 2. Renounce, abjure, disown, dis- deprive of inhabitants. avow, abnegate, refuse to acknowledge. Deport one's self, Behave, conduct 3. Withhold, refuse to grant. one's self, demean one's self, acquit Deobstruent, a. [Med.] Laxative, ape- one's self, bear one's self. rient, loosening. Deportment, n. Demeanor, behavior, Deobstruent, n. [Med.] Laxative, ape- carriage, conduct, bearing, manner, air, rient, loosening medicine. breeding. Deodorize, v. a. Disinfect, deprive of Depose, v. a. Dethrone, dismiss, oust, odor. cashier, displace, break. Deodorizer, n, Disinfectant. Depose, v. n. Testify, DEPONE, declare, Deoxidate, v. a. DEOXIDIZE. bear witness. Deoxidation, n. Deoxidization. Deposit, v. a. 1. Drop, let fall, throw Deoxidize, v. a. Deoxidate, deprive of down. oxygen. 2. Lodge, put, store, hoard, save, lay Depart, v. n. 1. Disappear, vanish, go up, lay by. away. 3. Intrust, commit. 2. Go, start, set out, set forward, be Deposit, n. 1. Precipitate. off, take leave, bid adieu, bid farewell, 2. Security, pledge, pawn, stake. MIAKE TRACKS,"take one's departure, 3. Money in bank. make one's exit, take one's self off. 4-. [Rare.] Depository, store-house. 3. Die, decease, leave the world. Depositary, n. Trustee, guardian, Depart from, 1. Leave, quit, go away fiduciary. from. Deposition, n. [Law.] 1. Testimony (in 2. Abandon, forsake, desert, give up, writing, signed and sworn to before a not adhere to. magistrate, after cross-examination), 3. Deviate from, vary from. evidence, AFFIDAVIT. Department, 1. 1. Part, portion, di- 2. Dethroning, dismission, displacevision (especially a territorial division). meat, removal.

Page  108 DEPOSITORY 10(8 DEROGATORY Depository, s. Storehouse, deposit, Depurate, v. a. 1. Purify, cleanse, depot, place of deposit. make pure. Depot, n. 1. Depository, storehouse, 2. Clarify, clear, maie clear. warehouse. Depuration, n. I. Cleansing, purifica2. Station (of a railway), station- tion. house, railway station. 2. Clarification, clearing, clarifying. Depravation, 1. 1. Vitiation, corrup- Deputation, n. -1. Delegation, comtion, deterioration, abasement, debase- mission. ment, impairing. injury. 2. Deputies, delegates, body of dele2. Depravity, degeneracy. gates. Deprave, v. a. Vitiate, corrupt, con-_ Depute, v. a. Delegate, commission, tamlinate, demoralize, make bad. send out, appoint as agent. Depraved, p. a. Corrupted, corrupt, Deputy, ia. Delegate, representative, vicious, wicked, profligate, dissolute, substitute, proxy, envoy, legate, agent, reprobate, graceless, abandoned, shame- factor. less, hardened, lost. Derange, v. a. 1. Disorder, confuse, Depravity, a. Corruption, wickedness, unsettle, disarrange, displace, turn topviciousness, demoralization, vice, de- sy-turvy, put out of place. generacy. 2. Disturb, discompose, disconcert, Deprecate, v. a. Pray to be delivered ruffle. from, seek deliverance from, try to 3. Make or render insane. avert by prayer, make entreaty against. Derangement, n. 1. Disorder, confuDepreciate, v. a. 1. Underrate, under- ion, disarrangement. value, lessen the price of, diminish the 2. Disturbance, discomposure. value of. 3. Insanity, lunacy, madness, mania, 2. Disparage, decry, traduce, malign, delirium, mental aberration. degrade, censure, find fault with. Derbyshire-spar, n. Fluor-spar, fluDepreciate, v. a. Fall in price, fall in oride of calcium. value, become of less worth. Derelict, a. 1. (Law.) Forsaken, reDepreciation, na. 1. Fall in price, di- linquished, abandoned, left. minution of value. 2. Unfaithful, faithless. 2. Detraction, disparagement, dero- Derelict, is. (Law.) 1. Abandoned gation, censure. property. Depreciative, a. Derogatory. 2. Tract of land (fit for cultivdtion) Depredation, a. Spoliation, rapine, left dry by the retirement of the robbery, theft, pillage, plunder, pilfer- sea. ing. Dereliction, n. 1. Abandonment, reDepredator, n. Plunderer, robber, thief, nunciation, desertion, relinquishment. spoiler, brigand, freebooter, pirate, cor- 2. Faithlessness, failure in duty. sair, buccaneer, marauder. Deride, v.a. RIDICULE (contemzptuously Depress, v. a. 1. Lower, detrude, drop, or maliciously), mock, scout, satirize, sink, bow, reduce, press down, let lampoon, jeer, taunt, chaff, scoff at, jeer down, let fall, cast down, bring down. at, laugh at, make fun of, make sport 2. Degrade, humble, disgrace, hu- of, make game of, turn to ridicule, hold miliate, debase, abase, abash, bring up to ridicule, make a butt of, make low, take down. merry with, POKE FUN AT. 3. Discourage, dishearten, dispirit, Derision, n. Ridicule, mockery, scorn, deject, damp, dampen, chill, make sad, contempt. make despondent. Derisive, a. Scoffing, mocking, ridi-. 4. Make dull (as trade). Derisory, culing, scornful, contemptDepression, a. 1. Abasement, degra- nous, contumelious. dation, deterioration, debasement, per- Derivable, a. 1. Obtainable, to be deversionI, vitiation, depravation. rived. 2. Hollow, hollowness, cavity, inden- 2. Deducible, that may be inferred tation, dent, dint, dimple, excavation, (fronn prenzises). pit. 3. That may be traced (to a root). 3. Dejection, dejectedness, sadness, Derivation, n. 1. Descent, genealogy. despondency, melancholy, dumps, blues, 2. Etymology. lowness of spirits, low spirits, depression Derivative, a. Derived. of spirits. I Derive, v. a. 1. Draw, receive, obtain, 4. Lowness, dulness, inactivity. get. 5. (Sarg.) Conching. 2. Deduce, trace. Deprivation, it. Loss, privation, BE- Derrm, n. Skin, CUTIS, true skin. R2EAVESMENT, dispossession. Dermatoid, a. Skin-like. Deprive, v. a. ]Dispossess, divest, strip, Derogate froin, Disparage, detract rob, BEREAVE, take from. from, take something from. Depth, n. 1. Deepness, profundity. Derogation, n. Detraction, disparage2. Extent, measure. ment, depreciation. 3. Middle, central part. Derogatory, a. 1. Detracting, dishon4. Discernment, sagacity, shrewd- oring, depreciative. ness, penetration, astuteness, perspica- 2. Shameful, disreputable, disgracecity, profoundness. ful, discreditable, scandalous.

Page  109 DESCANT 109 DESPATCH Descant,?. 1. Melody (withvarations), ]Design, v. a. 1. Project, plan, devise, song, tune. contrive, scheme, concoct, brew, pur2. Commentary, series of comments. pose, intend, mean, propose to one's 3. (Mus.) Soprano, treble, highest self, have in view. part in a score. 3. Draw, delineate, sketch, describe, Descant, v. n. Expatiate, enlarge, ant- trace out. madvert, dilate, treat, discourse, make Design, it. 1. Intention, intent, purremarks. pose, project, plan, device, scheme, proDescend, v. n. 1. Fall, sink; drop, go posal, aim, intent, meaning, purport, down, comne down. drift, scope, object, mark. 2. Dismount, alight, get down. 2. Sketch, drawing, outline, delinea3. Go, pass, proceed, be transferred. tion, plan, draught. 4. Originate, be derived, take rise. Designate, v. a. 1. Specify, particular5. Make an attack, make an assault. ize, distinguish, define, indicate, denote, Descend, v. a. Go down, move down. show, point out, mark out. Descendants,n.pl. Progeny, posterity, 2. Denominate, name, entitle, style, oiispring. call, dub, term, characterize, describe, Descendent, a. Descending. christen. Descent, n. 1. Fall. 3. Appoint, assign, allot. 2. Declivity, slope. Designation, i. 1. Indication, specifi3. Extraction, derivation, parentage. cation. 4. Attack, assault, incursion, foray, 2. Kind, class, description. raid, hostile invasion. 3. Name, appellation, title, style, de Describe, v. a. 1. Delineate, trace, nomination, EPITHET. draw, mark out. Designing, a. Insidious, deceitful, art2. Represent (by words), portray, de- ful, intriguing, sly, wily, astute, subtle, pict, explain, recount, narrate, relate, cunning, crafty, arch, trickislih; TICY, give an account of, set forth. treacherous, crooked, diplomatic, Ma3. Characterize, specify the peculiar- chiavelian. ities of, set forth the character of. Desirable, a. Eligible, enviable, to be Description, t. 1. Delineation, tracing. desired. 2. Representation, explanation, ac- Desire, n. Wish, longing, craving, incount, relation, recital, report, narra- clination, hankering, aspiration, appetion, narrative. tency. 3. Sort, kind, class, species. Desire, v. a. 1. Wish, crave, covet, Descry, v. a. 1. Discover, discern, espy, want, fancy, wish for, long for, hanker perceive, see, behold, get sight of, get a after, lust after, yearn for, aspire after. glimpse of. 3. Solicit, request, ask. 3. Detect, recognize, find out, spy out. Desirous, a. Eager, longing, solicitous, Desecrate, v. a. Profane, abuse, pol- desiring, feeling a desire. lute, prostitute, misuse, pervert, treat Desist, v. n. Cease, stop, pause, forbear, sacrilegiously. stay, leave off, break off; give over. Desecration, n. Profanation, pollution, Desman, n. Muscovy, MUSK-nAT (Mymisuse, abuse, prostitution, perversion. gale moschata). Desert, a. Uninhabited, desolate, for- Desolate, a. 1. Uninhabited, unfresaken, wild, waste, barren, untilled. quented, desert, forsaken, dreary, wild, Desert, a. Wilderness, waste, solitude, waste, barren. deserted region. 2. Lonely, solitary, companionless. Desert, v.a. Forsake, leave, quit, aban- 3. Ruined, destroyed, devastated, don, renounce, leave in the lurch, turn ravaged, laid waste. one's back upon. 4. Comfortless, cheerless, miserable, Desert, n. Deserving, due, merit or de- wretched, forlorn. merit. Desolate, v. a. Ravage, devastate, deDeserted, a. Forsaken, abandoned, re- populate, ruin, destroy, despoil, sack, linquished, given up, cast off. ransack, lay waste. Deserter, n. 1. Forsaker. Desolation, n. 1. Ruin, devastation, 2. Backslider, renegade, apostate, ravage, destruction. revolter, turncoat. 2. Gloom, gloominess, sadness, unDesertion, n. Abandonment, relin- happiness, wretchedness, misery. quishment, dereliction. Despair, is. Desperation, loss of hope, Deserve, v. a. Merit, be worthy of, be complete or utter hopelessness. entitled to. Despair, v. ns. Despond, lose all hope, Desiccate, v. a. Dry, exsiccate, dry up, give up all expectation, be without any make dry. hope. Desiccative, a. Drying. Despatch, v. a. [Written also Dispatch.] Desiccative, n. Drier. 1. Send away (in haste). Desiderate, v. a. Desire, want, miss, 2. Kill, slay, slaughter, assassinate, lack, feel the want of, long to have sup- put to death, send out of the world. plied. 3. Hasten, expedite, accelerate, forDesideratum, n. [L. pl. Desiderata.] ward, speed, quicken, push or urge forObject of desire, thing wanted, want ward, press or urge on, make short generally felt. work of.

Page  110 DESPATCH 110 DETERMINATION Despatch, n. 1. Speed, haste, expedi- 2. Annihilate, quench, put an end to, tion. bring to nought. 2. Message (expeditiously sent), cornm- 3. Waste, ravage, desolate, devasmunication, telegram. tate, devour, lay waste, make desolate, Desperado, iu, Dare-devil, desperate swallow up, ravage with fire and fellow. sword. Desperate, a. 1. Despairing, hopeless, 4. Extirpate, eradicate, uproot, kill, without hope. slay, extinguish, carry off, root out, 2. Wretched, forlorn, beyond hope. grub up, pluck up by the roots, cut up 3. Rash, reckless, precipitate, head- root and branch, strike at the root of, long, frantic. give a death blow to, scatter to the Desperation, a. Despair, hopelessness. winds. Despicable, a. Contemptible, pitiful, Destruction, n. 1. Demolition, subbase, mean, abject, vile, worthless, low, version, overthrow, ruin, havoc, shippaltry. wreck. Despise, v. a. Contemn, scorn, spurn, 2. Desolation, devastation, ravage. disdain, scout, slight, disregard, hold in 3. Eradication, extirpation, extinccontempt, look down upon. tion. Despite, n. 1. Malevolence, malignity, 4. Death, slaughter, murder, masmalice, spite. sacre. 2. Defiance, opposition, contempt. Destructive, a. Ruinous, pernicious, Despite, prep. Notwithstanding, in deleterious, baleful, mischievous, fatal, spite of, in the face of, in the teeth of. deadly. Despoil, v. a. 1. Strip, divest, deprive. Desuetude, n. Disuse, discontinuance, 2. Rob, plunder, pillage, fleece. non-observance. Despond, v.. DESPAIR, be cast down, Desultory, a. Immethodical, unconbe disheartened, lose hope, lose cour- nected, unsystematic, irregular, fitful, age, be despondent, give up, abandon capricious, rambling, wandering, rovhope. ing, discursive, cursory, slight, by fits Despondency, n. Dejection, discour- and starts. agement, depression, sadness, MEL_AN- Detach, v. a. 1. Separate, disjoin, disCHOLY, gloom, blues, blue devils, low- engage, disunite, sever, dissever, part, ness of spirits. divide. Despondent, a. Dispirited, disheart- 2. Detail, send away. ened, discouraged, dejected, depressed, Detail, v. a. 1. Relate, recount, narrate, MELANCHOLY, low-spirited, in low rehearse, delineate, portray, depict, spirits. enumerate, particularize, describe, set Despot, n. Autocrat, dictator, tyrant, forth. absolute sovereign, absolute ruler. 2. Detach, send away. Despotic, a. Absolute, arbitrary, Detail, n. Account, narration, narraDespotical, J imperious, tyrannical, tive, relation, recital. autocratic. Details, n. pl. Particulars, minutiae, Despotism, n. Autocracy, absolutism, distinct parts, minor circumstances. dictatorship, tyranny, absolute power, Detain, v. a.' 1. Restrain, stay, check, arbitrary rule. delay, retain, stop, keep back. Desquamation, n. (MAied.) Exfoliation. 2. Confine, hold in custody. Destination, n. 1. Fate, lot, doom, for- Detect, v. a. Discover, expose, descry, tune, star, destiny. find out, bring to light, lay open. 2. Purpose, design, end, object, aim, Detection, n. Discovery. scope, drift. Detent, n. Pawl, click, catch, ratchet. 3. Goal, harbor, haven, landing- Deter, v. a.'Restrain, hinder, discourplace, resting-place. age, withhold (byfear). Destine, V. a. 1. Appoint, ordain, allot; Detergent, a. Cleansing, detersive. devote, consecrate. Deteriorate, v. a. Impair, make worse. 2. Doom, decree. Deteriorate, v. is. Degenerate, grow Destiny, it. 1. Lot, doom, fortune, fate, worse. star, destination. Deterioration, n. Debasement, degra2. Fate, necessity, decrees of fate, dation, depravation, degeneracy, degenwheel of fortune. erateness, vitiation, perversion. Destitute of, Wanting, without, de- Determinable, a. Definable, thatmay void of, unprovided with. be determined. Destitute, a. Indigent, needy, poor, Determinate, a. 1. Determine, defipennilessi -necessitous, distressed, re- nite, fixed, limited, settled, established, duced, pinched, short of money, out of explicit, positive, express, absolute, money, out of cash, out of pocket, in certain. need, in want, moneyless..2. Decisive, conclusive, definitive, Destitution, n. Indigence, want, need, decided. poverty, penury, privation. Determination, n. 1. Decision, resoDestroy, v. a. 1. Demolish. overturn, lution, conclusion, judgment, purpose, overthrow, subvert, raze, ruin, throw resolve. down, pull down, break up, sap the 2. Direction, tendency, leaning. foundations of. 3. (Law.) Ceasing, termination.

Page  111 DETERMINE 111 DEVOUR Determine, v. a. 1. Settle, decide, ad- Deviate, v. n. 1. Digress, diverge, dejust, conclude, end, fix. fleet, veer, tack, wheel, turn aside, alter 2. Ascertain, certify, verify, find out, one's course, wheel about. make out, fix upon. 2. Err, stray, swerve, wander, go 3. Influence, lead, induce, give direc- astray, go out of one's -way, lose one's tion to. I way. 4. (Law.) Bring to an end, put an Deviate, v. a. Turn aside, cause to deend to, cause to terminate. viate. Determine, v. a. Conclude, decide, re- Deviation, n. 1. Divergence, departsolve. ure, depression, divarication, turning, Detersive, a. Cleansing, detergent. aberration. Detest, v. a. Hate (extremely), abomi- 2. Difference, variation, variance, nate, abhor, loathe, nauseate, shrink change, alteration. from, recoil from. 3. Error, offence, iniquity, sin. Detestable, a. 1. Execrable, abomi- Device, n. 1. Contrivance, scheme, denable. odious, hateful, cursed, accursed, sign, plan, project, expedient, shift, reabhorred, damnable, shocking. sort, resource. 2. Loathsome, disgusting, sickening, 2. Artifice, stratagem, wile, ruse, repulsive, offensive, nauseating. manceuvre, trick, fraud, evasion. Detestation, is. 1. Hatred,'abhorrence, 3. Emblem, symbol, type, sign. abomination, detestation. Devil, n. 1. Satan, Lucifer, Belial, 2. Loathing, disgust, antipathy. Apollyon, arch-fiend, arch-enemy, the Dethrone, v. a. Depose, drive from tempter, DEUCE, the evil one, the man the throne. of sin, the wicked one, the old serpent, Detonate, v. n. Explode (with a loud the prince of darkness, the foul fiend, report), detonize. the Enemy, the Adversary. Detonate, v. a. Detonize, cause to ex- 2. Demon, evil spirit. plode. Devilish, a. Diabolical, satanic, inferDetonation, it. Explosion. nal, atrocious, impious, wicked. Detonize, v. n. DETONATE. Deviltry, n. Mischief, wickedness, diaDetonize, v. a. DETONATE. blery, diabolical conduct. De'tour, n. [Fr.] Circuitous route, indi- Devious, a. 1. Deviating, erratic, wanrect way, roundabout way. dering, out of the common way. Detract from, Depreciate, disparage, 2. Erratic, going astray. decry, asperse, abuse, calumniate, vil- Devise, v. a. 1. Contrive, invent, imify, traduce, defame, derogate from. agine, plan, scheme, project, brew, conDetraction, ai. Depreciation, slander, cert, concoct, COMPASS. calumny, defamation, disparagement, 2. Bequeath, demnise, leave, give by derogation, censure. will. Detractor, ia. Slanderer, defamer, cal- Devise, n. Bequest, legacy. umniator, vilifier. Devoid, a. Vacant, empty, destitute, Detriment, at. Loss, damage, injury, void. disadvantage, mischief, prejudice, evil, Devoirs, n. pl. [Fr.] Respects. harm, hurt. Devolve, v. a. Alienate, transfer, deDetrilmental, a. Injurious, hurtful, mise, consign, convey, deliver over, mischievous, pernicious, prejudicial. make over. Detrude, v. a. Depress, lower, sink, Devolve, v. nc. Fall (by succession or by drop, thrust down, force down, thrust inheritance), pass, be transferred, be into a lower place. handed over. Detrusion, n. Depression, lowering. Devote, v. a. 1. Appropriate (by vow), Deuce, t. 1. Two (said of cards or dice consecrate, dedicate, destine, set apart. with two spots). 2. Addict, apply, resign, give up. 2. [Low.] Devil. 3. Doom, give over. Deutoxide, n. Binoxide. Devoted, a. 1. Attached, loving, affecDevastate, v. a. Ravage, pillage, plun- tionate. der, sack, spoil, despoil, destroy, deso- 2. Ardent, zealous, earnest. late, strip, lay waste. Devotee, 7a. Bigot, fanatic, zealot, enDevastation, n. Ravage, desolation, thusiast. destruction, havoc, ruin, waste, pillage, Devotion, n. 1. Consecration, dedicarapine. tion. Develop, v. a. 1. Unfold, evolve, dis- 2. Piety, religion, devoutness, religclose, exhibit, unravel, disentangle, iousness, devotedness, holiness, sancmake known, lay open. tity, saintliness, godliness.' 2. Cause to grow, advance to matu- 3. Worship, adoration, prayer. rity. 4. Attachment, affection, love. Develop, v. n. Unfold, open, grow, be 5. Ardor, earnestness, eagerness, zeal. developed. Devotional, a. Devout, religious, pious, Development, n. 1. Unfolding, dis- saintly, godly. closure, exhibition, unravelling, disen- Devour, v. a. 1. Gorge, engorge, eat tanglement. heartily, swallow eagerly. 2. Growth, increase, progress to ma- 2. Destroy, consume, waste, spend, turity. expend, swallow up.

Page  112 DEVOUT 112 DIFFICULT Devout, a. 1. Religious, pious, holy, ism, tyranny, arbitrary power, absolute saintly, devotional, godly, saint-like, power, iron rule. heavenly-minded. Diction, n. Style, phraseology, lan2. Sincere, earnest, serious, grave, guage, expression, mode or manner of solemn. expression, turn of expression, form of Dew-wortm, n. Earth-worm, lob-worm expression. (Limebricus terrestris). Dictionary, n. 1. Lexicon, vocabulary, Dexterity, n. Skill, skilfulness, adroit- GLOSSARY, word-book. ness, expertness, readiness, facility, 2. Encyclopmdia, alphabetical sumaptness, aptitude, address, quickness, mary (in any deplartment of knowledge). cleverness, knack, ability, tact, art. Dictum, a1. (L. pl. Dicta.) 1. Saying, Dexterous, a. Skilful, adroit, expert, assertion, affirmation. handy, apt, ready, quick, clever, able. 2. (Law.) Extiajudicial opinion. Diablery, n. Mischief, wickedness, dev-Didactic, a. Pre i iltry, diabolical conduct. Didactical, a. Preceptive. Diabolic, a. Devilish, infernal, sa- Didapper, i. Dab-chick, dob-chick (PoDiabolical, ) tanic, impious, atrocious, diceps minor). wicked. Diddle, v. n. 1. Totter. Diacoustics, ia. Diaphonics. 2. Trifle, dawdle, waste time. Diadem, an. 1. Crown. Diddle, v. a..Cheat, cozen, deceive, 2..Empire, sovereignty. trick, dupe, chouse, circumvent, gull, Diagnostic, a. Distinguishing; charac- overreach, cozen, delude, impose upon. teristic. Die, v. n. 1. Expire, decease, depart, Diagram, n. Figure. leave the world, draw the last breath, Dial, n. Sun-dial. cease to exist, give up the ghost, pay Dialect, a. 1. Provincialism, idiom. the debt of nature, take one's last sleep, 2. Language, tongue, speech, form shuffle off this mortal coil, go the way of speech. of all flesh, go to one's last home, be Dialectic, a. 1. Logic numbered with the dead, cross the Styx, Dialectical,, a. Logcal. cross the Stygian ferry, PoP OFF, KICK 2. Idiomatic. THE BUCKET. Dialectician, x1. Logician, reasoner. 2. Wither, perish, lose life. Dialectics, a7. 1. Application of logical 3. Cease, vanish, disappear, come to principles, applied logic. - nothing, come to an end, be lost, be 2. Logic, science of the laws of heard of no more. thought, science of reasoning. Die away, Subside, grow less and less, Dialogue, a. Colloquy, conference. decrease gradually. Diameter, n. Distance through the Die, n. 1. Small cube (for gaming). centre (as of a circle). 2. Dado, cube of a pedestal. Diamnond, n. 1. Adamant, BRILLIANT, 3. Stamp. crystallized carbon. Diet, n. 1. Food, provision, victuals, 2. Rhllombus, lozenge. aliment, nutriment,, nourishment, subDiaphaneity, n. Transparency, trans- sistence, provision, fare, viands, regilucency, pellucidness. men, cheer, rations, commons. Diaphanous, a. Transparent, translu- 2. Assembly, convention, council, cent, pellucid, clear. convocation, colgress. Diaphonics, n. Diacoustics. Diet, v. n. Eat sparingly, eat by rule. Diaphragm, n. Midriff. Differ, v. n. 1. Vary, be unlike. Diarrhcea, n. (lcfted.) Relax, flux, purg- 2. Disagree, be of a different opinion, ing, looseness of the bowels. think differently. Diarthrosis, n. (MSed.) Abarticulation. 3. Wrangle, quarrel, contend, bicker, Diary, i?. Journal, register, chronicle. be at variance. Diatribe, 1n. 1. Disputation, disserta- Difference, n. 1. Dissimilarity, varition, disquisition. ation, diversity, disparity, dissimili2. Invective, philippic. tude. Dicker, v. 1n. [Colloquial U. S.] Barter. 2. Variance, alienation, misunderDictate, v. a. 1. Prescribe, direct, or- standing, dissension, jarring, breach, dain, command, order, bid, require, rupture, schism, contest, quarrel, disdecree. pute, debate, controversy, altercation, 2. Utter (so that another may repeat bickering, wrangle, strife, falling out. or write). 3. Distinction, discriminationll. Dictate, it. 1. Injunction, command, Different, a. 1. Distinct, separate, not order, decree. the same. 2. Precept, maxim, rule. 2. Unlike, dissimilar,various, diverse, Dictation, ns. Prescription, direction. manifold. Dictator, 1. Despot, autocrat, absolute Differential, a. Discriminating. ruler. Difficult, a. 1. Hard, arduous, HercuDictatorial, a. 1. Absolute, unlimited, lean, up-hill, beset with difficulty. unrestricted. - 2. Austere, rigid, unyielding, ua2. Imperious, authoritative, over- accommodating. bearing, domineering, tyrannical. 3. Fastidious, dainty, squeamish, Dictatorship, n. Despotism, absolut- hard to please.

Page  113 DIFFICULTY 113 DIMENSIONS Difficulty, at. 1. Arduousness. 3. Honor, preferment, high station 2. Obstacle, impediment, bar, ob- or office. struction, barrier, hinderance, trouble, 4. Magistrate, dignitary, person in perplexity, exigency, trial, dilemma, office. embarrassment, emergency, pinch, Digress, v. n. Deviate, diverge, wander, pickle, stand, dead-set, set fast, dead- turn aside. lock, dead-stand, stand-still, horns of a Digression, a. 1. Deviation, diverdilemma, up-hill work, sea of troubles, gence, departure. peck of troubles, hard row to hoe, hard 2. Episode, incidental passage. nut to crack. Dilacerate, v. a. Tear, lacerate, rend, Diffidence, a. 1. Distrust, doubt. rend asunder. 2. Bashfulness, timidity, sheepish- Dilapidate, v. a. Waste, ruin, destroy, ness, extreme imodesty, distrust of one's pull down, throw down, suffer to go to self, lack or want of self-reliance. ruin. Diffident, a. 1. Distrustful, doubtful. Dilapidated, a. Decayed, ruined, 2. Bashful, timid, sheepish, over- wasted, in ruins. modest, distrustful of one's self. Dilapidation, a2. Ruin, decay, downDiffuse, v. a. Disperse, scatter, dis- fall. seminate, spread, circulate, propagate, Dilatation, a. Expansion, expanding, distribute, pour out, send abroad, DILATION, swelling. spread abroad. Dilate, v. a. Expand, extend, enlarge, Diffuse, a. Prolix, copious, rambling, widen, distend, swell. loose, verbose, wordy, difiusive, long- Dilate, v.. 1. Expand, widen, be diswinded, long-spun, spun out. tended. Diffusion, a. Dispersion, spread, ex- 2. Expatiate, descant, enlarge, dwell, tension, propagation, circulation, dis- be diffuse, be prolix, launch out, branch tributionl. out, spin a long yarn, beat about the Diffuisive, a. 1. Expansive. bush. - 2. Prolix, verbose, DIFFUSE. - Dilation, n. [Modern.] Dilatation, exDig, v. a. 1. Excavate, delve, scoop, pansion, expanding, swelling, bloating. SCRATCH, hollow out. Dilatory, a. Slow, tardy, lingering, 2. Break up (with a spade, hoe, &c.). loitering, sluggish, laggard, lagging, Dig, v. a. Delve, work with a spade, behindhand, backward, procrastinathoe, &c. ing. Dig, a. 1. [Low.] Punch, poke, thrust. Dilemma, n. Quandary, strait, diffi2. [Colloquial.] Innuendo, insinua- cult choice, puzzling alternative, awktion, oblique hint, sly remark. ward or bad predicamnent. 3. [At colleges, U. S.] Plodding stu- Dilettante, l. [It.] 1. Amateur, condent. noisseur, virtuoso, critic, man of taste. Digest, ai. 1. Pandect. 2. Pretender to taste (in the fine alrts). 2. Code, system. Diligence, n7. Assiduity (in so~me specific 3. Abridgmenlt, abstract, compend, pmu'Suit), assiduousness, activity, seducompendium, epitome, summary, sy- lousness, perseverance, INI)USTRY, nopsis, conspectus, breviary, brief, sum steady application (to some p2zrsuit that and substance. oMle liaes). Digest, v. a. 1. Methodize, systema- Diligent, a. Assiduous, sedulous, intize, arrange, codify, classify, dispose, dustrious, active, busy, persevering, reduce to order. notable, hard-working, at work, dili2. Concoct, convert into chyme. gently employed, busily engaged, up 3. Study, ponder, consider, contem- and stirring, busy as a bee, brisk as a plate, reflect upon, think on, meditate bee. upon, coin over, revolve in the mind. Dillydally, v. at. Loiter, linger, delay, 4. (Chemn.) Soften by a gentle heat, lag, saunter, trifle, idle away time. macerate, steep, soak. Dilute, v. a. Attenuate, reduce, weaken, Digestion, a1. 1. Methodizing, digest- make thin, make weak. ing, classifying. Dilute, a. Thin, diluted, attenuated, 2. Conversion of food into chyme. weak, not strong. 3. Macerating, maceration, steep- Diluvium, n. (Geol.) Drift. ing. Dim, a. 1. Dusky, dark, obscure, Dignified, a. Stately, noble, majestic, shadowy, cloudy, not luminous. august, grave, imposing. 2. Dull, obtuse, slow to see. Dignify, cv. a. 1. AdVance, promote, 3. Darkened, obscured, clouded, faint, exalt, ennoble, prefer to office. confused, shorn of its beams. 2. Honor, grace, adorn, give lustre Dim, v. a. Darken, obscure, cloud. to, add dignity to. Dimne, a. Ten cents. Dignity, i. 1. Rank, elevation, stand- Dimension, lo. 1. Extent, extension, ing, station, place, greatness, eminence, measure (in one direction). exaltation, glory, honor, reputableness, 2. (Algebra.) Literal factor. respectability. Dimensions, on. pl. Size, magnitude, 2. Stateliness, grandeur, majesty, bulk, volume, bigness, capacity, amplinobleness, lofty bearing or conduct, rtude, greatness, largenesS, mass, maselevation of aspect or deportment. siveness. 8

Page  114 ]DIM-EYED 114 DISAPPOINTMENT Dim-eyed, a. Dim-sighted, blear-eyed. Director, n. 1. Superintendent, manaDiminish, v. a. Lessen, decrease, abate, ger, Boss. reduce, make smaller. 2. Guide, counsellor, adviser, instrucDiminish, v. a. Decrease, lessen, abate, tor, mentor, monitor. subside, grow or become less, be re- Direful, a. Dreadful, fearful, horrible, duced. terrible, shocking, horrid, terrific, awDiminution, n. Decrease, lessening, fell, tremendous, dire. decrement, reduction, abatement. Dirge, n. Elegy, funeral song, mournful Diminutive, a. Little, small, dwarfish, song. tiny, puny, pygmean, contracted, mi- Dirt, i. Filth, foul matter. nute, of small size. Dirty, a. 1. Unclean, foul, filthy, nasty, Dirn-sighted, a. Dim-eyed, blear-eyed. soiled, begrimed. Din, n. Noise, uproar, racket, clamor, 2. Clouded, cloudy, dark, sullied. clatter, hubbub, HALLABALOO. 3. Mean, base, vile, low, grovelling, Dingle, n. Dale, dell, vale, valley, glen. sneaking, pitiful, paltry, beggarly, scurDingy, a. 1. Dun, dusky, brown. vy, shabby, despicable, contemptible. 2. Soiled, sullied, dirty. Dirty, v. a. Foul, befoul, soil, defile, Dint, n. 1. Dent, indentation. draggle, daggle. 2. Force, power. Disability, n. 1. Disqualification. Diocese, it. Bishopric, see, jurisdiction 2. Inability, incapacity, incompeor charge of a bishop. tence, impotence, incapability. Diodon, is. Globle-fish, puffer. Disable, v. a. 1. Weaken, enfeeble, Dioxide, n. Suboxide. cripple, paralyze, unman, disenable, Dip, v. a. 1. Immerse, plunge, douse, deprive of strength. souse. 2. Disqualify, incapacitate, unfit, 2. Take out (with a ladle, cup, &c.). make incapable. Dip, v. n. 1. Thrust a ladle (cup, &c., Disabuse, v. a. Undeceive, set right. into a liquid). Disadvantage, s. 1. Unfavorableness. 2. Incline, tend downward. 2. Injury, loss, damage, detriment, 3. Engage cursorily, enter slightly. disservice, prejudice, hurt. 4. Dive, plunge, duck, pitch, im- Disadvantageous, a. 1. Unfavorable, merse one's self. ineligible, inconvenient. Diplomacy at. 1. Art of negotiating. 2. Injurious, prejudicial, hurtful, det2. Artful management. rimental, deleterious. Diplomate, n. [Fr.] DIPLOIMATIST. Disaffect, v. a. Alienate, estrange, make Diplomnatist, is. Negotiator, diplomate. unfriendly. Dire, a. Dreadful, fearful, direful, shock- Disaffected, a. Alienated, estranged, ing, terrible, horrid, horrible, awful, ter- dissatisfied, disloyal. rific, tremendous. Disaffection, n. Alienation, estrangeDirect, a. 1. Straight, in a right line, ment, breach, disagreement, dissatisnot crooked. faction, disloyalty, ill-will. 2. From father to son, not collateral. Disagree, v. is. 1. Differ, vary, be un3. Plain, express, categorical, unam- like. biguous, not equivocal. 2. Dissent, be of different opinions, 4. Open, sincere, ingenuous, frank, differ in opinion. outspoken. 3. Quarrel, wrangle, bicker, fall out. 5. (Astron.) In the order of the signs, 4. Be unsuitable, be unfit, be unnot retrograde. suited. Direct, v. a. 1. Aim, point, cast, turn. Disagreeable, a. Unpleasant, unpleas2. Regulate, dispose, manage, con- ing, displeasing, distasteful, offensive. duct, control, govern. Disagreement, na. 1. Difiference, dis3. Order, command, instruct, pre- similarity, unlikeness, dissimilitude, scribe to, give directions to. diversity, discrepancy. 4. Guide, lead, put upon the right 2. Dissent, difference of opinion. track. 3. Discord, variance, misunderstand5. Address, superscribe. ing, dissension, jarring, clashing, strife, Direction, is. 1. Aim. quarrel, dispute, wrangle, bickering. 2. Tendency, line of motion. Disallow, v. a. 1. Prohibit, forbid, 3. Course, bearing, point of compass. refuse permission to. 4. Management, oversight, superin- 2. Reject, disapprove, set aside, refuse tendence, government, control. or decline to sanction. 5. Guidance, lead. 3. Disavow, disclaim, disown, deny. 6. Order, command, prescription. Disannul, v. a. Nullify, cancel, rescind, 7. Address, superscription. quash, vacate, annul, abolish, abrogate, Directly, ad. 1. In a straight line, in a render void, set aside, do away. straight course. Disappear, v. is. Vanish, be lost to 2. Expressly, absolutely, unambigu- view, pass out of sight. ously, openly, without circumlocution. Disappoint, v. a. Balk, frustrate, foil, 3. Immediately, quickly, promptly, defeat, baffle, disconcert. speedily, soon, presently, forthwith, in- Disappointment, a. Failure, miscarstantly, INSTANTER, in a short time, riage, frustration, ill success, want of without delay. success.

Page  115 DISAPPROBATION 115 DISCOMFORT Disapprobation, ns. Dislike, displeas- 3. Set off, fire off, let fly, give vent to, ure, censure, disapproval. shoot, fire. Disapproval, ni. Disapprobation. 4. Pay, liquidate, cash. Disapprove, v. a. 1. Dislike, condemn, 5. Release, absolve, exonerate, accensure, regard as wrong. quit, clear, relieve, liberate, free, set 2. Reject, disallow, refuse or decline free. to sanction. 6. Dismiss, discard, cashier, break, ]Disarm, v. a. 1. Deprive of arms. turn away, send away. 2. Disable, incapacitate; render pow- 7. Remove, destroy, put away, clear erless, harmless, or innocuous. from. Disarrange, v. a. Disorder, unsettle, 8. Perform, execute, fulfil, observe, derange, disturb, put out of order, throw acquit one's self of. into disorder, throw into confusion. 9. Remove, take out (as the cargo of Disarray, n. Confusion, disorder. a vessel). Disaster, n. Mishap, misfortune, re- 10. (Law.) Cancel, rescind, annul, verse, mischance, calamity, catastro- nullify, invalidate, make void. phe, blow, stroke, casualty. Discharge, n. 1. Unloading, disburDisastrous, a. Calamitous, unfortu- dening. nate, unlucky, hapless, untoward, un- 2. Emission, ejection, expulsion, exprosperous, ill-fated, ill-starred. cretion, vent, evacuation. Disavow, v. a. Disclaim, disown, deny, 3. Firing, explosion, blast, burst, disallow. firing off. Disband, v. a. Break up, dismiss from 4. Observance, performance, fulfilmilitary service. ment, execution. Disband, v. n. Separate, disperse, scat- 5. Payment, settlement, liquidation, ter, break up, retire from military ser- satisfaction, clearance. vice. 6. Release, liberation, exemption. Disbelief, n. 1. Scepticism, infidelity, 7. Acquittal, exoneration, absolurefusal to believe. tion. 2. Distrust, incredulity, want of be- Disciple, n. I. Scholar, pupil, learner. lief. 2, Follower, adherent, partisan, supDisbelieve, v. a. Discredit, not believe, porter, retainer. refuse to credit, hold or consider not to Disciplinarian, n. MARTINET, enforbe true. cer of discipline. Disbeliever, a. Unbeliever, sceptic, in- Discipline, n. 1. Instruction, training, fidel, MnISCREANT. drilling, drill, exercise, education, culDisburden, v. a. Disencumber, unbur- ture, schoolinlg, breeding. den, unload, disburthen, ease, rid, free, 2. Subjection, control, regulation, relieve. government. Disburse, v. a. Spend, expend, lay out, 3. Punishment, chastisement, correcpay. out. tion, castigation. Disbursement, n. Expenditure. Discipline, v. a. a. 1. Instruct, train, Disburthen, v. a. DISBURDEN. breed, educate, teach, drill, exercise, Discard, v. a. 1. Reject, throw or form, bring up. thrust aside, throw away, cast away, 2. Regulate, control, govern, school, lay aside, cast off, bring under subjection. 2. Dismiss, discharge, cashier, break, 3. Punish, chastise, correct, casticast off, turn away. gate. Discern, v. a. 1. Discriminate, distin- Disclaim, v. a. 1. Disown, disavow, guish, note the distinctions of. deny any knowledge of. 2. Perceive, see, discover, descry, be- 2. Renounce, reject, cast off. hold, espy. Disclaimer, n. 1. Disavowal. Discern, v. n. Discriminate, judge, 2. (Law.) Renunciation (of a claim make distinction. or a title), relinquishment. Discernible, a. Perceptible, discover- Disclose, v. a. 1. Uncover, expose,.able, to be discerned. bring to view, bring to light. Discerning, a. Discriminating, know- 2. Reveal, divulge, show, unfold, uning, sagacious, perspicacious, judicious, vail, tell, utter, betray, communicate, acute, intelligent, ingenious, clear- lay open, make known. headed, clear-sighted, keen-sighted, Disclosure, n. Revelation, exposure, quick-sighted, eagle-eyed, hawk-eyed, discovery. Argus-eyed. Discolor, v. a. Stain, tarnish, change Discernment, n. Discrimination, saga- the color of. city, shrewdness, sharpness, brightness, Discomfit, v. a. Defeat, overthrow, astuteness, acuteness. cleverness, per- rout, overcome, overpower, conquer, spicacity, ingenuity, penetration, in- vanquish, subdue, beat, checkmate, sight, judgment, intelligence, mother put to flight, put down, get the upper wit, quick parts. hand of, scatter in fight. Discharge, v. a. 1. Unload, disburden, Discomfiture, s1. Rout, defeat, -overunburden, relieve of a load. throw, ruin. 2. Emit, expel, excrete, eject, throw Discomfort, n. Uneasiness, disquiet, off, send out, give forth, inquietude, trouble, annoyance.

Page  116 DISCOMMODE 116:DISCRIMINATE Discommode, v. a. Disturb, annoy, Discourse, n. 1. [Rare.] Reason, reamolest, trouble, disquiet, incommode, soning faculty. inconvenience, put to inconvenience. 2. Dissertation, treatise, disquisition, Discompose, v. a. 1. Disorder, derange, homily, sermon. disarrange, embroil, jumble, unsettle, 3. Conversation, talk, oral commuconfuse, disturb, throw into disorder or nication, verbal intercourse. confusion. Discourse, v. 7i. 1. Speak, expatiate, 2. Displease, disquiet, ruffle, agitate, hold forth, deliver a discourse. harass, worry, annoy, plague, trouble, 2. Talk, converse, parley, confer, vex, fret, nettle, irritate, provoke, advise, hold a conversation, hold a parchafe. ley or conference, talk together. 3. Disconcert, perplex, bewilder, em- Discourse, v. a. Utter, emit, give forth. barrass, abash, put out. Discourteous, a. Uncivil, impolite, Discomposure, an. 1. Derangement, uncourtly, uncomplaisant, ungentleconfusion. manly, disrespectful, inurbane, unman2. Agitation, disquiet, uneasiness, nerly, uncourteous, rude, ill-bred, illexcitement, vexation, worry, perturba- mannered. tion, annoyance. Discourtesy, i. Incivility, impoliteDisconcert, v. a. 1. Frustrate, defeat, ness, rudeness, inurbanity, ill-breeding. thwart, contravene, interrupt, undo. Discover, v. a. 1. Reveal, communi2. Discompose, confuse, perplex, be- cate, tell, disclose, exhibit, show, maniwilder, embarrass, disturb, abash, put fest, make manifest, impart, make out. known, lay open, lay bare, expose to Disconnect, v. a. Disjoin, separate, view. disengage, disunite, sever. 2. Ascertain, detect, find out, get the Disconnection, n. Disjunction, disas- first knowledge of. sociation, disunion, separation, isola- 3. Descry, discern, espy, see, behold, tion, severance. get sight of, get a glimpse of. Disconsolate, a. Inconsolable, desolate, Discovery, i?. 1. Disclosure, revelation, forlorn, heart-broken, broken-hearted, making known. comfortless, cheerless, sorrowful, mel- 2. Finding, finding out. ancholy, sad. 3. First sight, first view. Discontent, n. - Dissatisfaction, uneasi- Discredit, n. 1. Disbelief, distrust, ness, inquietude. doubt. Discontinuance, a. Cessation, inter- 2. Disrepute, dishonor, disgrace, remission, suspension, interruption, stop- proach, opprobrium, obloquy, odium, page, stop, breaking off. ignominy, ill repute. Discontinue, v.a. Intermit, stop, inter- Discredit, v. a. 1. Disbelieve, give no rupt, break off, leave off, put an end to. credit to, place no confidence in, refuse Discontinuous, a. Interrupted, broken credence to. off. 2. Disgrace, dishonor, bring reproach Discord, n. 1. Disagreement, conten- upon, make disreputable, BLOW UPoN, tion, strife, dissension. destroy confidence in, bring into dis2. Dissonance, discordance, harsh- favor, make distasteful. ness, jarring, want of harmony. Discreditable, a. Disgraceful, disre3Discordance, n. 1. Disagreement, utable. Discordancy, J inconsistency, incon- Discreet, a. Prudent, cautious, judigruity, opposition, conflict. cious, wise, circumspect, considerate, 2. Discord, dissonance. heedful, wary; not rash, heedless, or Discordant, a. 1. Disagreeing, incon- headlong. gruous, contradictory, contrary, oppo- Discrepance, I. Difference, incoIsite, repugnant, at variance. Discrepancy, J gruity, disagreement, 2. Dissonant, harsh, jarring, inhar- contrariety, inconsistency, variation. monious. Discrepant, a. Differing, disagreeing, Discount, n. Allowance, deduction, re- incongruous, inconsistent, contrary. duction, drawback, abatement, rebate. Discrete, a. 1. Separate, distinct, disDiscountenance, v. a. [Rare.] 1. junct, not continuous. Abash, put to shame, put out of coun- 2. Disjunctive, discretive. tenance. Discretion, n. 1. PRUDENCE (in things 2. Discourage, disfavor, frown upon, immediately before us), judgment, caushow disapprobation of. tion, wariness, carefulness, circumspecDiscourage, v. a. 1. Dishearten, dis- tion, considerateness, judiciousness. pirit, depress, deject. 2. Will, pleasure, choice, liberty of 2. Dissuade, deter, keep back. judgment. 3. Disfavor, discountenance, throw Discretional, a Otional. cold water upon, put a damper on. Discretionary, p Discouragement, n. 1. Disheartening. Discretive, a. Disjunctive, discrete. 2. Dissuasion, dehortation, counter Discriminate, v. a. Distinguish, mark influence. the difference between. 3. Embarrassment, hinderance, ob- Discriminate, v.n. Distinguish, make stacle, impediment, damper, wet blan- a distinction, note differences, judge ket, cold water. nicely or accurately.

Page  117 DISCRIMINATION 11'7 DISHABILLE Discrimination, n. 1. Distinction. Disentangle, v. a. 1. Unravel, unfold, 2. Discernment, penetration, acute- untwist. ness, judgment, sagacity, insight. 2. Extricate, disengage, disembroil, Discriminative, a. Discriminating, liberate, clear, loose, unloose, free, set distinguishing, characterizing, distinc- free. tive. Disestablish, v. a. [Rare.] Abolish, Discursive, a. 1. Reasoning, argumen- overthrow, annul, discontinue, abrotative, capable of reasoninig. gate, set aside, do away. 2. Roving, wandering, rambling, des- Disestablishment, n. [Rare.] Abolition, ultory, that takes a wide range. annulment, discontinuance, abrogation, Discus, a. Quoit, disk. overthrow, subversion, destruction, anDiscuss, v. a. Debate, sift, canvass, nihilation, extinction. ventilate, agitate, argue, reason about. Disesteem, an. Disregard, DISFAVOR. Discussion, i. Debate, ventilation, agi- Disfavor, n. Disregard, disesteem, distation, disquisition, disputation, con- like, disrespect. troversy, canvass. Disfigure, v. a. Deform, deface, mar, Disdain, v. a. Despise, contemn, scout, injure, spoil, make ugly, make unscorn, spurn, look down upon, hold in sightly. contempt, consider beneath notice. Disfigurement, it. Defacement, injury. Disdain, n. Scorn, contempt, contu- Disfranchise, v. a. Deprive of a franmely, haughtiness, arrogance, HAU- chise, deprive of chartered rights or the TEUR. privileges of a citizen. Disdainful, a. Scornful, contemptuous, Disfurnish, v. a. Unfurnish, strip, disupercilious, contumelious, haughty, vest, dismantle, disgarnish. cavalier. Disgarnish, v. a. DISFURNISH. Disease, la. Disorder, distemper, mala- Disgorge, v. a. 1. Vomit, spew, cast dy, complaint, ail, ailment, sickness, up, throw up. illness, indisposition. 2. Eject, discharge, throw out. Diseased, a. Disordered, distempered, 3. Relinquish, surrender, yield, give unsound, sickly, sick. up, give back. -Disembark, v. a. Land, put on shore. Disgrace, n. 1. Disfavor, degradaDisembark, v. it. Land, go on shore. tion. Disembarrass, v. a. Disengage, extri- 2. Dishonor, discredit, disrepute, discate, release, disburden, disencumber, esteem, shame, reproach, ignominy, inease, rid, free, clear, set free. famy, opprobrium, obloquy, odium, Disembodied, a. Unbodied, incorporeal, scandal, blot on one's escutcheon. immaterial, spiritual. Disgrace, v. a. Dishonor, discredit, deDisembogue, v. a. Discharge (at the grade, debase, tarnish, stain, sully, mouth, as a river), empty, pour out, give taint; bring shame, reproach, dishonor, vent to. or a stain upon. Disembogue, v. a. Issue, flow out (at Disgraceful,.a. Shameful, ignominious, the c7outh, as a river), discharge itself, scandalous, dishonorable, discreditable, be discharged. disreputable, infamous, opprobrious. Disemboguement, n. Discharge, issue. Disguise, v. a. Conceal (by dress or outDisembowel, v. a. Eviscerate, embowel, sward appearance), cloak, veil, shroud, take out the bowels of. muffle, mask, hide, dissemble. Disembroil, v. a. Disentangle, free Disguise, n. 1. Mask, cover, counterfrom perplexity, extricate from confu- feit dress. sion. 2. False appearance, counterfeit Disenable, v. a. Disqualify, disable, show. unfit. incapacitate, make incapable. Disguised, a. 1. Cloaked, masked, D)isenchant, v. a. Free from enchant- veiled, in disguise. ment, deliver from illusions. 2. Intoxicated, inebriated, drunken, Disencumber, v. a.. Disburden, dis- drunk, fuddled, tipsy, mellow, maudlin, engage, disembarrass, release, ease, rid, SLEWED, GROGGY, in liquor, in one's set free. cups, half seas over. Disengage, a. a. 1. Release, extricate, Disgust, n. 1. Nausea, disrelish, disliberate, clear, disentangle, disembroil, taste, loathing. disembarrass, loose, unloose, free, set 2. Dislike, repugnance, aversion, anfree. tipathy, abomination, detestation, ab2. Separate, detach, divide, disjoin, horrence, hatred. disunite, dissociate. Disgust, v. a. Is Sicken, affect with. 3. Withdraw, wean, draw off. nausea, turn one's stomach, go against Disengaged, a. Unengaged, unoccupied, one's stomach. at leisure, not busy. 2. Displease, offend. Disengagement, cc. 1. Detachment, Disgusting, a. Nauseous, nauseating, separation. loathsome, sickening, repulsive, revolt2. Liberation, release, extrication, ing, offensive, distasteful, odious, hatedisentanglement., ful, foul, abominable. 3. Leisure, freedom from business. Dish, it. 4. PLATTER. Disennoble, v. a. Degrade, disgrace, 2. Viand, article of food. make ignoble. Dishabille, n. Undress, loose dress.

Page  118 DISHEARTEN 118 DISORDER lDishearten, v. a. Dispirit, discourage, Dislike, v. a. Disrelish, have an averdeject, depress. sion to. ~t]ished, a. [Low.] 1. Ruined, spoiled. Dislimb, v. a. Dismember, mutilate. 2. Frustrated, balked, foiled, baffled, Dislocate, v. a. 1. Displace, disarrange, disconcerted, disappointed. disturb, put out of place or out of order. Dishevelled, a. Disordered (as the hair), 2. Disjoint, luxate, put out of joint. untrimmed, hanging loosely or negli- Dislocation, n. 1. Derangement, disgently, at loose ends. placement. Dishing, a. Concave, dish-like. 2. Luxation, disjointing. Dish-like, a. Dishing, concave, shaped Dislodge, v. a. Expel, oust, eject, drive like a dish. out, drive away. Dishonest, a. Faithless, knavish, false, Disloyal, a. Unfaithful, undutiful, disunfair, disingenuous, fraudulent, de- affected, faithless, false, treacherous, ceitful, treacherous, slippery, unscrupu- perfidious, not true in allegiance. lous, perfidious, wicked, false-hearted. Disloyalty, n. Unfaithfulness, undutiDishonesty, n. Improbity, faithless- fulness, faithlessness, treachery, perfiness, knavery, treachery, falsehood, de- dy, want of loyalty, lack of fidelity, ceitfulness, perfidiousness, wickedness. dereliction of allegiance. Dishonor, n. Dishonor, disgrace, dis- Dismal, a. 1. Cheerless, gloomy, dark, credit, disrepute, reproach, degrada- dull, dreary, lonesome. tion, shame, ignominy, obloquy, infamy, 2. Melancholy, mournful, sad, doleopprobrium, odium, scandal, abase- ful, dolorous, sombre, lugubrious, fument. nereal. Dishonor, v. a. 1. Disgrace, bring 3. Horrid, horrible, terrible, dire, shame or reproach upon, stain the frightful. character of. Dismals, n. pl. [With The prefixed] 2. Violate, debauch, ravish, deflour. MELANCHOLY, low spirits, the BLUES. 3. Refuse to accept or to pay (as a Dismantle, v. a. 1. Unrig, strip of dracft). covering, deprive of apparatus or furniDishonorable, a. Disreputable, dis- ture. creditable, disgraceful, shameful, scan- 2. Despoil, demolish, devastate, dedalous, infamous, ignominious. stroy, raze, pull to pieces. Dish-washer, n. Goosander, wagtail, Dismay, v. a. Terrify, frighten, appall, dun-diver (Mfergus mterganser or Mer- aifiight, scare, daunt, alarm, intimigus castor). date, paralyze with fear. Disinclination,?b. Indisposition, re- Dismay, a. Terror, fright, affright, fear, luctance, repugnance, aversion, un- alarm, horror, consternation. willingness. Dismelnber, v. a. 1. Mutilate, disDisincline, v. a. Make averse. limb, disjoint. Disinclined, a. Unwilling, indisposed, 2. Divide, separate, sever, pull apart, reluctant, averse. Dismiss, v. a. 1. Send away, give leave Disinfect, v. a. Deodorize, fumigate, to go, permit to go. purify. 2. Discharge, discard, cashier, turn Disingenuous, a. Unfair, dishonest, off; turn out, remove from office, turn insincere, uncandid, artful, cunning, adrift, send packing, send about one's sly, insidious, deceitful, knavish, false, business. false-hearted, not frank, not open. Dismission, n. 1. Permission to go, Disintegrate, v. a. Crumble, reduce to leave to depart. fragments, break to pieces. 2. Discharge, removal from office. Disinter, v. a. Exhume, unbury, dis- Dismnount, v. a. i. Unhorse. entomb, dig up. 2. Take down, bring down. Disinterested, a. 1. Unbiassed, im- Dismount, v. n. Alight (front a horse), partial, indifferent. descend, get down. 2. Generous, unselfish, liberal, mag- Disobedience, n. Infraction or violananimous, high-minded. tion of a command. Disinthrall, v. a. Liberate, free, re- Disobedient, a. Unsubmissive, uncomlease, set free. plying, refractory, obstinate. Disjoin, v. a. Disunite, separate, divide, Disobey, v. a. 1. Refuse to obey, break part, sunder, sever, dissever, detach, the command of, refuse submission to. dissociate. 2. Transgress, violate, infringe, set Disjoint, v. a. 1. Dislocate, luxate, put at defiance, go counter to. out of joint. Disoblige, v. a. Displease, offend. 2. Unloose, disconnect, disjoin. Disobliging, a. Unaccommodating, unDisjunction, n. Separation, disconnec- kind, unamiable, unfiriendly, ill-nation, disassociation, disunion, isolation, tured. severance. Disorder, n. 1. Confusion, derangeDisjunctive, a. Disjoining, discretive. ment, disarrangement, disarray, disDisk, n. 1. Quoit, discus. organization, irregularity, jumble, want 2. Face (of the sun, moon, &c.). of order. Dislike, n. Disinclination, aversion, dis- 2. Tumult, disturbance, commotion, taste, disrelish, antipathy, repugnance, turbulence, tumultuousness, riotousdispleasure, disgust. ness.

Page  119 DISORDER'119 DISPOSE OF 3.:Distemper, complaint, malady,' 2. Administer, apply, execute, carry sickness, disease, ail, ailment, indispo- out. sition. Dispense with, 1. Do without. Disorder, v. a. 1. Derange, disarrange, 2. Disregard, neglect, set aside. disturb, discompose, confuse, unsettle, 3. [Rare.] Excuse, exonerate. disorganize, throw into confusion, turn Dispenser, n. Distributor, divider. topsy-turvy, put out of place. Dispeople, v. a. Depopulate, unpeople. 2. Impair the functions of, produce Disperse, v. a. 1. Scatter, separate, disease in. dissipate, dispel, drive to different parts, Disorderly, a. 1. Immethodical, irreg- sow broadcast scatter to the winds. ular, confused, not in order. 2. Diffuse, disseminate, spread. 2. Lawless, rebellious, turbulent, un- Disperse, v. it. Scatter, separate, be ruly, tumultuous. scattered, go different ways. Disorganization, ns. 1. Disorder, de- Dispersion, n. Scattering. rangerment, confusion. Dispirit, v. a. Dishearten, depress, de2. Destruction, dissolution. ject, discourage. Disorganize, v.a. 1. Disorder, derange, Dispirited, a. Dejected, disheartened, disarrange, put out of order, throw into depressed, discouraged, down-hearted, disorder. downcast, despondent, cast down, crest2. Destroy, break up.' fallen, chap-fallen, down in the Disown, v. a. 1. Disclaim, disavow, mouth. refuse to acknowledge. Displace, v. a. 1. Remove, dislodge, 2. Deny, disallow.. put out of place, change the place Disparage, v. a. Depreciate, decry, re- of. proach, traduce, vilify, defame, under- 2. Depose, oust, dismiss, discharge, value, underrate, underestimate, run cashier, eject from office. down, detract from, derogate from, Display, v. a. l.*Expand, unfold, exspeak ill of, inveigh against. tend, open, spread. Disparagement, n. Depreciation, dero- 2. Exhibit, show, bring'into view, gation, detraction, undervaluing, un- hold up to view, make manifest. derrating, indignity, dishonor, disgrace, 3. Parade, show off. reproach, dispraise. Display, is. 1. Exhibition, manifestaDisparity, n. 1. Inequality, difference, tion, show. disproportion. 2. Parade, pomp, pageant, ostenta2. Dissimilitude, unlikeness. tion, flourislih. Dispart, v. a. Sunder, disunite, sepa- Displease, v. a. 1. Offend, dissatisfy, rate, divide, sever, dissever, burst, rend, disgust, give offence to. rive, cleave, split, break asunder. 2. Provoke, irritate, vex, chagrin, Dispart, v. is. Separate, part. affront, pique, chafe, fret, anger, nettle, Dispassion, n. Apathy, insensibility, make angry. impassibility, coldness, dulness, torpor, Displeasure, I. 1. Dissatisfaction, disindifference, unconcern, want of feel- like, distaste, disapprobation. ing. 2. Anger, indignation, vexation, reDispassionate, a. 1. Unimpassioned, sentment, wrath. imperturbable, inexcitable, unexcited, 3. Offence, injury. composed, collected, temperate, undis- Displode, v. a. & sl. Explode. turbed, unruffled, quiet, calm, cool, Disport, it. [Poetical.] Play, amusestaid, serene, sober. ment, diversion, pastime, sport. 2. Impartial, unbiassed, disinter- Disport, v. a. Amuse, divert, entertain, ested, indifferent. cheer, solace, beguile, relax. Dispatch, v. a. [Written also Despatchl.] Disport, v. n. Play, gambol, frolic, 1. Send away (iln haste). sport, make merry. 2. Kill, slay, slaughter, assassinate, Disposal, is. 1. Arrangement, dispoput to deathll, send out of the world. sition. 3. Hasten, expedite, accelerate, speed, 2. Management, control, government, quicken, forward, push or urge forward, regulation, disposure, direction, orderpress or urge on, make short work of. ing, conduct. Dispatch, a. 1. Speed, haste, expe- 3. Dispensation, distribution, bestowdition, promptness, celerity. ment. 2. Message, communication, tele- Dispose, v.a. 1. Arrange, range, rank, gram. group, marshal, set, place, place in Dispel, v. a. Disperse (completely), scat- order. ter, dissipate, banish, drive away. 2. Adjust, regulate, settle, determine, Dispensation, is. 1. Distribution, ap- set right. portionment, allotment. 3. Incline, lead, move, induce, bias, 2. Admlinistration, stewardship. predispose. 3. Scheme, plan, system, economy. Dispose of, 1. Sell, transfer, bestow, 4. Exemption (fron, so'me law), li- alienate, part with, put out of one's -cense. possession, get rid of. Dispensatory, is. Pharmacopoeia. 2. Determine the condition of, arrange Dispense, v. a. 1. Distribute, appor- for. tion, allot, deal out. 3. Remove, put away, get rid of.

Page  120 DISPOSER 120 DISSENT Disposer, n. 1. Bestower, giver, dis- disturbance, anxiety, vexation, trouble, tributer, donor, DONATOR. disquietude, inquietude. 2. Regulator, director, governor, Disquiet, v. a. Trouble, annoy, vex, manager. disturb, worry, harass, plague, bother, Disposition, it. 1. Disposing, arrang- molest, pester, incommode. ing, arrangement, classification, group- Disquietude, i. Uneasiness, DISQUIET. ing. Disquisition, n. Dissertation, treatise, 2. Management, regulation, control, discourse, essay, formal inquiry. direction, ordering, adjustment, dis- Disregard, n. Neglect, slight, contempt. posure, disposal. Disregard, v. a. Neglect, slight, over3. Tendency, liability, proneness, look, contemn, pay no attention to, pay aptness, adaptation. no heed to, pay no regard to, take no 4. Temper, inclination, predispo- notice of, turn a deaf ear to. sition, propensity, humor, bent, bias, Disrelish, n. 1. Dislike, distaste, want turn. of relish. 5. Dispensation, distribution, be- 2. Aversion, antipathy, repugnance, stowment. disgust. Dispossess, v. a. 1. Deprive, divest, Disrelish, v. a. Dislike, loathe, have strip, take from. an aversion to. 2. Disseize, oust. Disreputable, a. Discreditable, disDispossession, n. 1. Deprivation. honorable, disgraceful, shameful, scan2. (Law.) Ouster, disseisin. dalous, infamous, opprobrious, derogaDisposure, n. Management, direction, tory, low, mean, vulgar. regulation, control, disposal, disposi- Disrepute, ns. Discredit, dishonor, distion, ordering. grace, ingloriousness, degradation, Dispraise, n. 1. Blame, censure. derogation, abasement, odium, ill re2. Reproach, dishonor, disgrace, dis- pute. paragement, shame, opprobrium. Disrespect, in. 1. Disesteem, irreverDispraise, v. a. Blame, censure, find ence, slight, neglect. fault with. 2. Incivility, discourtesy, rudeness. Disproof, n. Confutation, refutation. Disrespectful, a. 1. Irreverent. Disproportion, n. 1. Want of sym- 2. Uncivil, impolite, ungentlemanly, metry. discourteous, uncourteous. 2. Disparity, inequality, unsuitable- Disrobe, v. a. Divest, strip, undress, ness. uncover, unclothe. Disproportional, a. DISPROPORTION- Disruption, n. Breach, rent, rupture, ATE. burst, breaking asunder. Disproportionate, a. 1. Unsymmet- Dissatisfaction, n.' 1. Discontent, unrical, out of proportion. easiness, inquietude. 2. Inadequate, unsuitable. 2. Displeasure, distaste, dislike, disDisprove, v. a. Confute, refute, show approbation. to be false. Dissatisfied, a. Discontented, uneasy, Disputable, a. Controvertible, debata- displeased. ble, doubtful. Dissect, v. a. 1. Anatomize, cut in Disputant, n. Controversialist, arguer, pieces. debater, disputer. 2. Analyze, scrutinize, sift, examine, Disputation,?t. Debate, dispute, con- investigate, explore, lay open. troversy, argumentation,,verbal con- Dissection, i?. 1. Anatomy. test. 2. Scrutiny, analysis, examination, Disputatious, a. Cavilling, captious, investigation, sifting. contentious, quarrelsome, polemical. Disseize, va. a. Dispossess, oust. Dispute, v. ni. 1. Debate, argue, con- Dissemble, v. a. 1. Conceal, hide, distend in argument. guise, cloak, cover. 2. Bicker, wrangle, quarrel, BRAWL, 2. Feign, simulate, affect. spar, spat, jangle, squabble, TIFF, fall Dissemble, v.l. Feign, be hypocritical, out, have words, have an altercation. play the hypocrite, play a part. Dispute, v. a. 1. Debate, discuss, agi- Dissembler, is. Hypocrite, feigner. tate, ventilate, argue, reason about. Disseminate, v. a. Spread, propagate, 2. Controvert, impugn, call in ques- diffuse, disperse, circulate, promulgate, tion, oppose by argument. spread abroad. Dispute, is. Debate, disputation, dis- Dissemination, it. Diffusion, dispercussion, controversy, altercation, verbal sion, propagation, scattering, spreadcontest, verbal quarrel, war of words. ing, promulgation. Disputer, n. Debater, controversialist, Dissension, is. Discord, contention, disputant, reasoner, arguer. strife, variance, disagreement, differDisqualification, i. Incapacity, dis- ence, quarrel, breach of friendship. ability. Dissent, v. is. Withhold assent, refuse to Disqualified, a. Unqualified, unfitted, agree. incapable, incapacitated, disabled. Dissent from, Differ from, disagree Disqualify, v. a. Unfit, disable, inca- with. pacitate. Dissent, s. Disagreement, difference of Disquiet, n. Uneasiness, restlessness, opinion.

Page  121 DISSENTER 121 DISTINGUISHABLE Dissenter, n. Nonconformist, sectary. Dissuasion, n. Dehortation, dissuasive, Dissentient, a. Disagreeing, dissent- dissuasive advice. ing. Dissuasive, n. DISSUASION. Dissepimnnt, n. (Bot.) Partition. Dissuasive, a. Dissuading, dehortaDissertation, n. Disquisition, treatise, tory, tending to dissuade. discourse, essay. Dissyllable, n. Word of two syllables. Disservice, n. Injury, harm, mischief, Distain, v. a. [Poetical.] Stain. hurt, disadvantage. Distance, so. 1. Remoteness, space, inDissever, v. a. Disjoin, dissociate, dis- terval. unite, separate, part, sunder, dispart, 2. Reserve, coldness, shyness, distant divide, rend, sever. behavior. Dissident, a. Dissenter, nonconformist. Distance, v. a. Outdo, surpass, excel, Dissimilar, a. Unlike, different, hete- outstrip, leave behind. rogeneoils, diverse, various. Distant, a. 1. Remote, far, not near. Dissimilarity, n. Unlikeness, dissim- 2. Reserved, shy, cold, cool, coy, not ilitude, diversity, disparity. cordial. Dissimilitude,.L. DISSIMILARITY. 3. Slight, faint, indirect, indistinct, Dissilnulation, n. Hypocrisy, deceit, obscure. duplicity, simulation, feigning, double Distaste, n. Disrelish, disinclination, dealing, false pretence. aversion, dislike, repugnance, disgust, Dissipate, v. a. 1. Disperse, dispel, displeasure, dissatisfaction. scatter, drive away. Distasteful, a. 1. Nauseous, loathsome, 2. Waste, squander, lavish, spend disgusting, unpalatable, unsavory. lavishly, run out, throw away. 2. Disagreeable, offensive, unpleasDissipate, v. 7. 1. Vanish, disappear, ant, unpleasing. scatter, disperse. Distemper, i. Disease, malady, com2. Live dissolutely, practise dissipa- plaint, disorder, ail, ailment, illness, tion, be dissolute. indisposition, sickness. Dissipation, n. 1. Dispersion, scatter- Distempered, a. 1. Diseased, disoring, vanishing. dered, out of order. 2. Waste- squandering. 2. Immoderate, intemperate, inordi3. Dissoluteness, profligacy, excess. nate, unregulated. Dissociate, v. a. Disjoin, disunite, sep- Distend, v. a. Expand, dilate, bloat, arate, sever, dissever, divide, part, enlarge, swell, stretch, swell out. sunder, detach. Distention, n. Dilation, enlargement, Dissociation, a. Disunion, separation, swelling, expansion, stretching. severing, dividing. Distich, n. Couplet, couple of verses. Dissoluble, a. Dissolvable. Distil, v. n. [Written also Distill.] Drop, Dissolute, a. Loose, licentious, lax, de- drip, trickle, dribble, fall in' drops. bauched, wanton, lewd, corrupt, profli- Distil, v. a. [Written also Distill.] 1. gate, rakish, depraved, reprobate, Drop, let fall in drops. abandoned, graceless, shameless, wild. 2. Separate by evaporation, extract Dissolution, n. 1. Liquefaction, melt- by heat. ing, solution. I 3. Extract spirit from. 2. Decomposition, putrefaction. Distinct, a. 1. Separate, different, not 3. Death, decease, extinction of life. the same. 4. Destruction, overthrow, ruin. 2. Definite, defined, clear, plain, un5. Termination, breaking up. mistakable, unconfused, not obscure, Dissolvable, a. Dissoluble. not dim, well defined. Dissolve, v. a. 1. Liquefy, melt. Distinction, sn. 1. Discrimination, no2. Disunite, sever, separate, divide, tation of difference. loose, disorganize, break apart. 2. Repute, reputation, celebrity, note, 3. Destroy, ruin. name, fame, renown, account, credit, 4. Terminate, bring to an end, put an respectability, eminence, superiority. end to, break up. Distinctive, a. Distinguishing, discrimDissolve, v. n. 1. Melt, liquefy, be inative, characterizing. melted. Distinctness, n. 1. Difference. 2. Vanish, disappear, fade, melt 2. Clearness, precision, perspicuity, away, be dissipated. explicitness, lucidness. 3. Perish, crumble, be destroyed, Distinguish, v. a. 1. Characterize, Dissonance, n. 1. Discord, discord- mark, indicate by a mark, mark out. ance, harshness, jarring, want of har- 2. Discriminate, discern, perceive, mony. tell, know. 2. Disagreement, inconsistency, in- 3. Separate, divide. congruity. 4. Signalize, make famous, make celDissonant, a. 1. Discordant, unbar- ebrated, make known, bring into notice. monious, harsh, grating, jarring, out Distinguish, v. so. Make distinction, of tune. show the difference. 2. Disagreeing, incongruous, ilcon- Distinguishable, a. 1. Separable, disistent, discrepant. visible. Dissuade, v. a. Turn from a purpose, 2. To be distinguished, to be recogdivert by persuasion. nized as distinct.

Page  122 DISTINGUISHED 122 DIVIDEND -Distinguished, a. Illustrious, famous, Disturbance, a. 1. Agitation, derangenoted, eminent, conspicuous, celebrat- ment, commotion, disorder, confusion, ed, extraordinary, transcendent. tumult, breeze, disquiet. — Distort, v. a. 1. Twist, writhe, wrest, 2. Perturbation, molestation, annoycontort, deform. ance, discomposure. 2. Pervert, misrepresent, falsify, 3. Interruption, hinderance. strain the sense of. Disunion, it. 1. Separation, disjunoDistortion, n. 1. Twist, wryness, con- tion, severance. tortion, deformity. 2. Schism, breach, rupture, feud. 2. Perversion, misrepresentation, fal- Disunite, v. a. Disjoin, dissociate, sepsification.' arate, sever, dissever, part, divide, deDistract, v. a. Perplex, confuse, dis- tach, dissociate, sunder, be separated. compose, harass, disturb, disconcert, Disunite, v. it. Part, separate, fall asbewilder, confound, mystify, embar- sunder, be separated. rass. Disuse, n. Desuetude, discontinuance, Distracted, a. 1. Perplexed, confused, non-observance. bewildered, embarrassed. Ditch, n. 1. Trench. 2. Deranged, insane, mad, frantic, 2. Rivulet, brook. furious, raving. Ditty, a. Song, lay. Distraction, a. 1. Confusion, perplex- Diurnal, a. Daily, quotidian. ity, enmbarrassment, bewilderment, ab- Diuturnal, a. Lasting, of long durastraction, mystification. tion, of long continuance. 2. Disturbance, discord, tumult, dis- Diuturnity, a7. Long duration, long order, division, perturbation, commo- time. tion, turmoil, agitation. Divagation, it. [Rare.] Wandering, ram3. Derangement, madness, raving, bling. insanity, alienation, aberration, inco- Divan, in. 1. Turkish council of state. herence, wandering, delirium, mania, 2. State-chamber, council-chamber, lunacy, raving, hallucination, loss of audience-chamber. the senses, disordered intellect or facul- 3. Sofa, long seat. ties, loss of reason. Divaricate, v. s1. Diverge, part, fork, Distrain, v. a. (Lawe.) Seize (for debt), separate into two, open wide, branch take, attach, distress. oft, spread asunder. Distress, a. 1. Affliction, calamity, Divarication, it. Divergence, forking, misery, misfortune, adversity, hard- separation, spreading. ship, trial, trouble, perplexity. Dive, v. 9a. 1. Plunge. 2. Anguish, agony, pain, suffering, 2. Penetrate, inquire, go deep. gripe, griping. Diverge, v. a. 1. Radiate, tend from 3. Privation, destitution, poverty, one point in different directions. indigence, want, straits. 2. I)ivaricate, separate, branch off. Distress, v. a. 1. Afflict, perplex, pain, Divergence, l. 1. Radiation. trouble, grieve, make unhappy, make 2. Divarication, forking, separation. miserable. Divergent, a. 1. Radiating. 2. (Law.) Take, seize, distrain. 2. Divaricating, separating. Distribute, v. a. 1. Apportion, assign, Divers, a. Various, several, sundry, allot, dispense, mete, divide, share, par- numerous, many. eel out, deal out, portion out. Diverse, a. Different, differing, unlike, 2. Classify, class, arrange, assort; varying, multiform. dispose. Diversify, v. a. 1. Variegate, vary, Distribution, n. 1. Apportionment, make different, give variety to. allotment, assignment, dole, partition,. 2. Dapple, spot. division, dispensation. Diversion, a. 1. Turning aside. 2. Arrangement, classification, dis- 2. Amusement, recreation, pastime, posal, disposition, grouping. sport, play, entertainment, relaxation. District, ao. Region, tract, territory, Diversity, n. 1. Difference, dissimilicircuit, province, quarter. tude, unlikeness, variation. Distrust, v. a. Disbelieve, discredit, 2. Variety, multiformity. doubt, suspect, mistrust, not rely upon, Divert, v. a. 1. Turn aside, draw away. not confide in. 2. Amuse, entertain, recreate, please, Distrust, a. Disbelief, discredit, sus- gratify, delight, exhilarate, refresh. picion, misgiving, mistrust, want of Divest, v. a. Deprive, strip, dispossess. confidence. Divide, v. a. 1. Sever, sunder, part, Distrustful, a. 1. Suspicious, mistrust- separate, cleave, disunite. ful, apt to distrust. 2. Keep apart, put a barrier between. 2. Diffident, not confident. 3. Make hostile, make discordant, set Disturb, v. a. 1. Agitate, shake, stir, at variance. derange, disorder, confuse, unsettle, 4. Distribute, allot, apportion, assign, throw into confusion, put into disorder. share, mete, dispense, deal out, parcel 2. Molest, annoy, disquiet, vex, ruffle, out, portion out. worry, plague, trouble, molest, incom- Divide, v. a. Part, separate, cleave, mode. open, be divided, be separated. 3. Interrupt, impede, hinder. Dividend, a. Share, division.

Page  123 DIVIDER 123 -DOLESOME Divider, n. 1. Distributor, dealer. Doetress, n. Female physician. 2. Separator. Doctrine, n. Dogma, tenet, opinion, Dividers, ai. pl. Compasses. precept, principle. Divination, l. 1. Divining, foretelling. Document, l. Paper, writing. 2. Presage, prediction, prophecy. Dodge, v. n. 1. Start aside, shift place Divine, a. 1. God-like, superhuman. suddenly. 2. Sacred, holy, spiritual, heavenly. 2. Shuffle, equivocate, quibble, preDivine, ia. 1. Minister, priest, clergy- varicate, use artifice, play fast and man, pastor, parson, ecclesiastic, loose, be evasive. churchman. Dodge, v. a. Evade (by starting aside). 2. Theologian. Dodge, n. 1. Starting aside. Divine, v. a. Predict, foretell, presage, 2. Evasion, artifice, trick, subterfuge, prognosticate, vaticinate, prophesy. quibble, cavil. Divine,v. v. Conjecture, surmise, guess, Dodo, ao. Dronte. suppose, believe, fancy, think, -suspect. Doe, i. She-deer, female deer (particsDiviner, si. 1. Conjurer, magician, larly of the fallow deer). sorcerer, seer. Doer, al. Actor, operator, performer, 2. Conjecturer. agent, executor. Divinity, c. 1. Deity, Godhead, divine Doff,. a. Put off, lay aside. nature, divine essence. Dog, iL. 1. HOUND, BITCH, SLUT, PUP, 2. Theology, science of divine things. PUPPY, CUB, WHELP. Divisible, a. Separable. 2. [Colloquial.] Fellow. Division, is. 1. Separation. 3. Andiron, sadiron. 2. Portion, section, class, head, cate- Dog-days, i. 21. Canicular days. gory. Dogged, a. 1. Sullen, sour, morose 3. Partition, demarcation. churlish, growling, surly, snarling, 4. Compartment, separate part. snappish., 5. Apportionment, allotment, dis- 2. Stubborn, obstinate, wilful, mulish, tribution. inflexible, pertinacious, unyielding, 6. Difference. disagreement, variance, headstrong, intractable, impracticable, breach, rupture, disunion, discord, feud, cantankerous, perversely resolute. alienation. Doggish, a. Snarling, snappish, growlDivorce, it. Separation (of husba7ld and ing, churlish, surly, sullen, sour, morose, wife), dissolution-of the marriage con- dogged;. tract. Dog-grass, It. DOG'S-GRASS. Divorce, v. a. Separate, part, sever. Dogma, it. Doctrine, tenet, opinion, Divulge, v. a. Publish, disclose, com- principle, article of faith. municate, discover, impart, tell, pro- Dogmatic, a a. 1. Authoritative, claim, promulgaite, make known, make Dogmatical, 5 oracular, formal, catepublic, spread abroad, reveal to the gorical, magisterial. world. 2. Positive, confident, peremptory. Dizzy, a. 1. Giddy, vertiginous. 3. Arrogant, overbearing. 2. Thoughtless, heedless, careless. Dogmatism, si. Positiveness of opinDo, v. a. 1. Perform, effect, execute, ac- ion, arrogance of assertion. complish, achieve, bring about, work Dogmatist, SS. Authoritative teacher, out, carry into effect. arrogant asserter. 2. Complete, finish, conclude, end, Dogmatize, v. si. Assert positively, terminate. speak with an air of authority, express 3. Transact, carry-on. one's self arrogantly. 4. Confer, bestow, grant, vouchsafe. Dog's-grass,?a. Knot-grass, quick5. Translate. render..grass, couch-grass, wheat-grass, dogDo, v. n. 1. Act (well or ill). wheat, dog-grass, witch-grass, quitch2. Answer, answer the purpose. grass, quickens (Triticumt repevls). 3. Be enough, be sufficient. Dog-star, a. Sirius, Canicula. Do-all, Si. Factotum, general manager. Doings, 7i. pl. Deeds, actions, acts, Do away, 1. Remove, take away. transactions. 2. Destroy, overthrow. Dole, i. 1. Apportionment, allotment, Dob-chick, ni. Didapper, dab-chick (Po- distribution. diceps minor). 2. Part, share, portion. Do by, Treat, behave towards. 3. Gift, gratuity, donation, pittance, Do without, Dispense with, alms. Docible, a. Teachable, DOCILE. 4. Grief, sorrow, distress, afflicDocile, a. Teachable, docile, docible, tion. tractable, apt, easily taught. Doleful, a. 1. Sorrowful, rueful, woDocility, Si. Teachableness, aptness, ful, piteous, melancholy, lugubrious, aptitude, readiness to learn. sad. Dock, v. a. 1. Curtail, clip, cut short. 2. Dismal, gloomy, cheerless, dark, 2. Shorten, lessen, deduct from. dolorous, dolerome. 3. Put into a dock (as a vessel). Dole out, Distribute, divide, apportion, Doctor, Sc. 1. Instructor, teacher. allot, assign, share, deal, deal out. 2. Adept, savant, learned man. Dolesome, a. Dismal, gloomy,' cheer3. Physician, medical practitioner. less, dark, dolorous, doleful.

Page  124 DO-LITTLE 124 DOUBLE Do-little, n. Idler, sluggard, drone, lag- Donkey, n. 1. Ass, mule. gard, lounger, trifler, doodle, slow-back, 2. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE. inefficient person. Donor, Ii. Giver, bestower, disposer, Doll, n. Puppet (for a child), baby. DONATOR. Dolorous, a. 1. Dismal, gloomy, cheer- Doodle, a. Trifler, idler, silly fellow. less, dark, dolesome. Doodle-sack, n. Scotch bagpipe. 2. Sorrowful, sad, doleful, piteous, Doom, v. a. 1. Condemn, sentence, prorueful, woful, lugubrious. nounce sentence on. Dolt, ni. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE. 2. Destine, appoint, decree. Doltish, a. Stupid, dull, foolish, block- Doom, n. 1. Sentence, judgment, conish, simple, witless, thick-skulled, buffle- demnation, judicial decree. headed. 2. Fate, destiny, lot. Domain, n. 1. Dominion, empire. Doomsday, it. Day of judgment, the 2. Estate, lands, landed estate. crack of doom. Dome, n. Cupola. Do one's best, Do all one can, do the Domestic, a. 1. Homely. best one is capable of, leave no stone 2. Fond of home. unturned. 3. Intestine, not foreign. Door, n. 1. Entrance. 4. Tame, domesticated, not wild. 2. Passage, avenue, means of access, Domestic, n. Servant, house-servant, means of approach. HELP. 3. [Familiarly.] House. Domestics, $.pl. [U. S.] Cotton goods. Doorkeeper, 1i. Porter, CONCIfRGE. Domesticate, v. a. 1. Make domestic, Dor, n. Cockchafer, dor-bug, dor-beetle, accustom to keep at home. tree-beetle, dummador, May-bug (Me2. Tame, attach to the house. loltha vulgaris). Domicile, at, Habitation, dwelling, resi- Doree, n. (lch.) John-dory, common dence, abode, home, mansion, place of dory (Zeus faber). abode, place of residence. Dormant, a. 1. Sleeping, quiescent, at Domicile, t v.a. Establish in a fixed rest. Domiciliate, j residence. 2. Latent, unexerted, suspended, inDominant, a. Prevailing, ruling, pre- ert, inactive. dominant, predominatiIng, ascendant, in Dormant partner, Sleeping partner, the ascendant. silent partner. Dominate, v. n. Prevail, predominate, Dormer, en. [Written also Dolmar.] have sway, be in the ascendant. Luthern, dormer-window. Domination, n. Sway, ascendancy, rule, Dormer-window, n. Dormer, luthern. dominion, supremacy, command, gov- Dormitory, ne. Chamber, bed-room, ernment, mastery. sleeping-room, place to sleep in. Domineer, v. 2a. Rule (tyrannically or Dorsal, a. On the back. haughtily), tyrannize, swell, swagger, Dory, sa. (Ich). DOREE. bluster, bully, vapor, lord it, play the Dose, a. 1. Prescribed portion (of medibully, take the lead, rule the roast, ride cisne), drench, draught. a high horse, lay down the law, carry it 2. Sufficient quantity. with a high laid. Dose, v. a. Administer a dose to, give Domlinican, n. Predicant,jacobin, black doses to. friar, preaching friar. Dot, n. Point, period. Dominie, a. [Scottish.] Pedagogue, Dot, v. a. 1. Mark with dots. schoolmaster, teacher, instructor. 2. Variegate, diversify. Dominion,?. 1. Sway, command, rule, Dotage, a. Imbecility, senility, second government, supremacy, domination, childhood. mastery, ascendancy, control, sover- Dotard, a. Driveller, imbecile. eignty, sovereign authority. Dote, v. it. 1. Drivel, be imbecile, be 2. Territory, region, country. foolish. Don, v. a. Put on, slip on, dress in. 2. Be over-f6nd, be foolishly fond. Donate, v. a. [Modern.] Give, contrib- Dote on or upon, Love very fondly, ute, bestow. love excessively, be foolishly fond of. Donation, n. Gift, grant, largess, ben- Do the honors, Bestow honor (as on a efaction, boon, present, offering, con- guest), show civilities. tribution, subscription, donative. Double, a. 1. Coupled, in pairs. Donative, n. Gift, DONATION. 2. Twice as much. Donator, n. [L.] (Law.) Donor, giver, 3. Twofold. bestower. 4. Deceitful, dishonest, knavish, false, Done, p. 1. Performed, executed, ac- perfidious, hollow, insincere, doublecomplished, achieved, effected. faced, double-tongued. 2. Completed, finished, concluded, Double, ad. Twice, doubly, twofold. ended, terminated. Double, v. a. 1. Fold, plait. 3. Transacted, carried on. 2. Duplicate, multiply by two, make 4. Bestowed, conferred, vouchsafed, twice as much. granted. 3. (Naut.). Sail round. 5. Translated, rendered. Double, v. in. 1. Increase twofold, be Done for, [Low.] 1. Spoiled, ruined. doubled. 2. Disappointed, baffled, thwarted. 2. Return upon the same track.

Page  125 DOUBLE 125 DRAGGLE Double, it. 1. Twice as much. Dove-cot, n. Columbary, pigeon-house. 2. Doubling, plait, fold. Dowdy, a. Slovenly (in dress), ill3. Returning upon one's track (to dressed (applied to women). elude pursuit). Dower, i. 1. Endowment, gift. 4. Trick, stratagem, ruse, shift, arti- 2. Dowry. fice, wile, manceuvre. 3. (Lawu.) Widow's portion (of real 5. Counterpart. estate). Double-dealer, n. Deceiver, cheat, Down, prep. 1. From the top to the trickster, tricker. bottom of. Double-dealing, n. Deceit, duplicity, 2. Along the course of. dissimulation, hypocrisy, artifice, decep- Down, ad. 1. Downward, in a descendtion, fraud, dishonesty, trickery, Mach- ing course, from a high to a low posiiavelism. tion. Double entente, [Fr.] Pun (referring 2. On the ground, the floor, &c. to something indelicate), clinch, quibble, 3. From a thin to a dense state, into CALEMIBOUR, play upon words. a denser consistence. Double-faced, a. Hypocritical, deceit- Down in the mouth, [Colloquial.] Deful, knavish, dishonest, false, perfidious, jected, DI)ONCAST. double. Downcast, a. Sad, MEILANCHOLY, deDouble-headed, a. Bicipital, with two jected, dispirited, disheartened, deheads. spondent, discouraged, depressed, cast Double-hearted, a. Deceitful, treach- down, down-hearted, crest-fallen, chaperous, false-hearted.:fallen, DOWN IN THE MIOUTH. Double-minded, a. TUnsettled, unde- Downfall,n. Ruin, destruction, fall. termined, changeable, fickle, vacillat- Down-hearted, a. Dejected, DowNing, wavering. CAST. Doublet, is. 1. Pair, couple, two (of the Downright, a. 1. Plain, simple, exsame klind). plicit, clear, undisguised, positive, ab2. Waistcoat, vest. solute. Double upon, (Mil.) Enclose between 2. Honest, sincere, artless, ingenutwo fires. ous, frank, open, above-board. Doubling, i. 1. Fold, plait. Downward, ad. Down, in a descend2. Artifice, trick, shift, stratagem. Downwards, j ing course. Doubly, ad. Twice, double. Down with, (Ismperatively.) 1. Raze, Doubt, v. n. 1. H-esitate, waver, be overturn, take down, throw down. doubtful, be in suspense, be undeter- 2. Put down, lay down. mined, entertain doubts, be in a state Dowry, n. Dower. of uncertainty, not know what to think. Doxy, is. 1. Mistress, sweetheart, para2. [Rare.] Suspect, fancy, appre- mour, flame. hend. 2. Prostitute, courtesan, strumpet, Doubt, v. a. 1. Question, hesitate to harlot, whore, drab, street-walker, believe, consider questionable, have Cyprian, night-walker, punk, woman doubts about. of the town. 2. Distrust, suspect, not-confide in. Doze, v. in. Slumber, drowse, nap, sleep Doubt, pi. 1. Indecision, hesitation, hes- lightly, be half asleep, be drowsy. itancy, irresolution, uncertainty, sus- Doze away, Pass drowsily, spend in pense, misgiving.'drowsiness, sleep through, doze out. 2. Suspicion, distrust, mistrust. Doze out, DozE AWAY. Doubtful, a. 1. Wavering, undecided, Dozen, a. Twelve. hesitating, undetermined, in suspense. Dozy, a. Sleepy, drowsy, heavy, slug2. Ambiguous, dubious, equivocal, gish. obscure, enigmatical, problematical. Drab, is. 1. Strumpet, courtesan, DoxY. 3. Indeterminate, undecided, uncer- 2. Slut, draggle-tail, low woman. tain, questionable. Drab, a. Dun, dull brown. Douceur, it. [Fr.] 1. Gentleness, mild- Drabble, v. a. Draggle, trail, daggle, ness, kindness, pleasant manner. befoul, bernire. 2. Present or gift (especially one in- Draff, is. Refuse, lees, dregs, sediment, tended as a bribe), bribe, lure. scum, rubbish, stuff, waste or worthless Doughface, n. [U. S.] Pliasble politi- matter. cian, nose of wax. Draft, n. 1. Drawing, selection. Doughfaced, a. [U. S.] Pliable, weak, 2. Bill of exchange. pusillanimous, easily influenced, with- 3. [Written also Draught.] Outline, out any backbone. delineation, rough sketch, rough copy. Doughty, a. Brave, courageous, bold, Draft, v. a. 1. Detach, select. fearless, dauntless, valiant, valorous, 2. Make an outline of, make a draft gallant, intrepid, adventurous, chival- of, make a rough sketch of. rous, heroic. Drag, v. a. Draw, pull, haul, tug. Doura, is. Indian millet, Guinea corn, Drag, v. i. 1. Trail, be drawn along. negro-corn (Sorghssum ~vulgare). 2. Linger, move slowly, make slow Douse, v. a. Plunge, immerse, sub- progress. merge, dip souse, put under water (or Draggle, a. a. Trail, daggle, drabble, other liquid); befoul, bemire.

Page  126 DRAGGLE-TAIL 126 DRESSING Draggle-tail, is. Slut, DRAB. Drawcansir, n. Braggadocio, blusterer, Dragoman, a. Interpreter (in Turkey bully,. swaggerer, braggart, BLATHERand the East). SKITE. Dragoon, n. Horse-soldier, CHASSEUR, Drawing, n. Art of delineation. cavalier, equestrian, mounted soldier. 2. Delineation, sketch, picture, plan, Dragoon, v. a. Compel, force, drive. outline, draught. Drain, v. a. 1. Draw off. Drawing-knife, n. Shave. 2. Empty, exhaust. Draw in one's horns, [Colloquial.] 3. Make dry, clear of water or moist- Repress one's ardor, restrain one's ure. pride, cease boasting, pull in one's Drain, v. n. 1. Flow off. horns. 2. Become dry. Dread, n. 1. Fear, apprehension. Drain, n. Sewer, channel, trench, water- 2. Awe. course.. Dread, a. 1. Frightful, terrible, horriDrake, n. Male duck. ble, dreadful. Dramla, a. 1. Dramatic composition. 2. Venerable, awful. 2. Dramatic literature. Dread, v. a. Fear greatly. Dramatis personre, [L.] Characters Dreadful, a. 1. Terrible, horrible, horof a play, interlocutors in a drama. rid, direful, dire, fearful, frightful, terDrape, v. a. Cover with drapery. rific, awful, tremendous. Drapery, 1t. Hangings, tapestry. 2. Venerable, awful. Drastic, a. (M.led.) Powerful (as apur- Dream, a. 1. Sleeping vision. gative), active, efficacious. 2. Reverie, fancy, fantasy, conceit, Drastics, i. pl. (nied.) Powerful or ac- idle fancy, day-dream. tive purgatives. Dream, v. is. 1. Have visions in sleep. Draught, ss. 1. Drawing, pulling. 2. Think, imagine, fancy, have a no2. Potion, cup, dose, drench. tion. 3. Current of air. 3. Give a loose rein to the fancy, give 4. [Written also Draft.] Sketch, out- the reins to the imagination, indulge line, delineation, design, rough sketch, in reverie, build castles in the air. rough copy. Dream away, Spend idly, pass in rev-. Draughts. n. pl. Checkers. erie. Draw, v. a. 1. Pull, drag, haul, tug, Dreamer, n. Visionary, enthusiast, pull along. castle-builder. 2. Attract, bring towards, pull to- Drear, a. Gloomy, DREARY. wards. Dreary, a. Gloomy, cheerless, comfort3. Suck, drain, suck dry. less, dismal, dark, drear. 4. Inhale, inspire, breathe in, take Dredge-box, n. Dredging-box, flourinto the lungs. dredge. 5. Extract, take out, draw out. Dreggy, a. Muddy, turbid, dirty, fecu6. Induce, move, lead, allure, entice, lent, foul. engage, persuade, influence. Dregs, i. pl. 1. Sediment, lees, grounds, 7. Produce, bring, bear. feculence. 8. Extend, protract, stretch, length- 2. Dross, scum, refuse. en out.. Drench, v. a. 1. Saturate, soak, steep, 9. Describe; delineate, sketch, depict, imbrue, wet thoroughly. trace, trace out. 2. Physic, purge. 10. Deduce, derive, infer. Drenching, n. Soaking, wetting, duck11. Extort, force out. ing. 12. Compose, write, prepare, draw Dress, v.a. 1. Align, make straight. up. - 2. Adjust, arrange, dispolse, set or 13. Gain, win. put in order. Draw ap, 1. Compose, write, prepare, 3. Prepare, fit, make suitable or fit, frame, draw. get ready, make ready. 2. Array, marshal, form in order. 4. Clothe, array, attire, apparel, ac]Draw, v. n. 1. Pull. coutre, robe, rig, trick out. 2. Move, come, go, proceed. 5. Adorn, deck, decorate, embellish, 3. Sketch, practise drawing, or the trim, set out, set off. art of delineation. Dress, v. n. Be clothed, make one's 4. Produce inflammation. toilet. 5. Request payment by draft, make Dress, n. 1. Clothes, clothing, raia draft. ment, garments, garb, habit, apparel, Draw back, Retire, withdraw, re- attire, habiliment, vesture, suit, costreat. tume. Draw nigh, ppro, come near. 2. Array, fine clothes, rich garments, Draw near, A elegant attire. Draw on, Approach, advance. 3. Lady's gown. Drawback, n. 1. Disadvantage, detri- Dress-coat, n. Body-coat. ment, injury, damage, faultiness, im- Dressing, n. 1. Preparing, putting in perfection, deficiency. order. 2. Discount, allowance, deduction, 2. Manure, fertilizer, compost. reduction, rebate, abatement. 3. Force-meat, stuffing.

Page  127 DRESSY 127 DROUTH Dressy, a. Showy, flashy, gaudy, fond 3. Ride in a carriage. of dress. 4. (Naut.) Scud, drift. Drib, v. a. 1. Crop, lop, cut off, lop Drive at, IIltend, purpose, aim at, tend off.: to, be after, aspire at, aspire after, en2. Entice, allure, decoy, coax, twee- deavor after. die. Drive, n. Airing, -ride. Dribble, v. n. Drip, trickle, fall in Drivel, v.. 1. Slaver, slobber, drool. drops. 2. Dote, be imbecile, be foolish. Driblet, n. Fragment, small poition. Drivel, is. 1. Slaver, drivelling. Drier, n. Desiccative. 2. Nonsense, balderdash, stuff, foolish Drift, a. 1. Course, bearing, direction. talk. 2. Aim, purpose, intention, intent, Driveller, ns. [Written also Driveter.] proposal, design, scope, tendency, ob- Slaverer, fool, simpleton, idiot, dotard. ject, mark. Drivelling,?. [Written also Driveling.] 3. (Geol.) Diluvium, diluvial forma- 1. Sliver. tions. 2. Foolishness, folly, idiocy. 4. (Mliningf.) Passage (undergromnd, Drizzle, v. i. Rain (in smnall drops), between shafts.) mizzle. Drift, v. a. Drive into heaps. Droll, n. 1. Jester (by profession), bufDrift, v. n. 1. Float, be wafted. foon, harlequin, mountebank, punch, 2. Accumulate in heaps, be driven punchinello, clown, zany, scaramouch, into heaps. fool, jack-pudding, merry Andrew, Driftless, a. Aimless, purposeless, with- pickle-herring. out an object. 2. Farce, comic show. Drill, v. a. 1. Pierce, perforate, bore. Droll, a. 1. Comic, comical, funny, lu2. Instruct, exercise, teach, train. dicrous, farcical, laughable, ridiculous. Drink, v. n. 1. GUZZLE. 2. Odd, queer, facetious, waggish, 2. Take a drink (of spiriluous liquor),. amusing, diverting. TAKE A HORN, LIQUOUR UP, SPLICE Drollery, n. Pleasantry, fun, facetiousTHE MAIN BRACE, WET ONE'S WHIS- ness, waggishness, waggery, buffoonery, TLE. comicality. 3. Tipple, tope, be a drunkard, be a Drone, n. 1. Male honey-bee. toper, be intemperate (in the use of 2. Idler, sluggard, lounger, idle felspirit uo s liquors), be of intemperate low, lazy fellow. habits, take a drop too much. 3. Humming, humming noise. 4. Carouse, revel, indulge in a drink- Drone, v. n. 1. Lounge, dawdle, waste ing-bout. time in trifles, live in idleness. Drink, v. a. 1. Swallow, QUAFF, SIP, 2. Make a dull, humming sound. SUP, GUZZLE, SWILL, SWIG. Drone, v. a. Read monotonously. 2. Imbibe, absorb, suck in. Dronish, a. Idle, lazy, indolent, slugDrink, nz. Beverage, potion. gish, slow, inactive. Drinkable, a. Potable, that may be Dronte,?7. Dodo. drunk. Drool, v. n. Slaver, drivel, drop saliva, Drinking, n. Tippling, toping, intem- Droop, v.. 1. Wilt, wither, fade. perate habits. 2. Languish, faint, sink, fail, decline, Drinking-bout, n. Carouse, carousal, grow weak, be dispirited. revel, revelry, SPREE, jollification, bac- Drop, Sc. 1. Globule. chanals, saturnalia, debauch, compota- 2. Ear-ring. tion, wassail, orgies. Drop, v. a. 1. Lower, sink, depress, let Drink to, Pledge, toast, drink in hoqor down, let fall, let go. of, drink the health of. 2. Leave, quit, forsake, desert, relinDrip, v. ni. 1. Dribble, trickle, fall in quish, abandon, forswear, give up, give drops. over. 2. Have drops falling from. 3. Discontinue, intermit, remit, cease, Drip, v. a. Let fall in drops. desist from, break off, leave off, lay Drive, v. a. 1. Impel. aside. 2. Hurl, send, propel. 4. Bedrop, spot, speckle, variegate. 3. Force, oblige, coerce, compel. Drop, v. s. 1. Distil, fall in drops. 4. Press, urge. 2. Fall suddenly. 5. Prosecute, carry on. 3. Cease, come to an end, come to 6. Guide (by reins). nothing. 7. Take in a carriage, carry on a Drop astern, (Naut.) Move back. drive. Drop down, (Nauct.) Move toward the Drive away, Expel, disperse, scatter, sea. dispel, drive off. Drop in, Call, happen in. Drive back, Repel, repulse. Drop serene, Amaurosis, GUTTA SEDrive off, Expel, drive away. RENA. _ Drive out, Expel,-reject, eject, cast out, Dross, n. 1. Scum, recrement, scoria. turn out. 2. Refuse, waste matter. Drive, v. n. 1. Be forced along, be im- Droughlt, il. Dryness (ofweat her), arid. pelled, be urged forward. ity, drouth, want of rain. 2. Rush, go furiously. Drouth, n. DROUGHT.

Page  128 DROVE 128 DUMMY Drove, ni. 1. Herd, flock. Ducking-stool, n. Trebuchet, tumbrel, 2. Crowd, collection. castigatory, cucking-stool. Drown, v. a. 1. Kill by immersing. Duct, n. Conduit, channel, canal. 2. Overflow, inundate, deluge, over- Ductile, a. 1. Tractable, complying, whelm, flood. docile, yielding, facile. 3. Overcome, overpower. 2. Extensible, capable of being drawn Drown, v. at. Be drowhed. out. Drowse, v. a. Slumber, doze, nap, be Ductility, n. 1. Tractableness, docility. half asleep. 2. Extensibility. Drowsy, a. 1. Sleepy, dozy. Dudgeon; it. Anger, resentment, in2. Lethargic, comatose, stupid. dignation, ire, malice, ill-will. 3. Soporific, lulling. Duds, a. pl. 1. Old clothing, tattered Drub, v. a. Beat, thrash, cudgel, cane. garments. Drubbing, It. Beating, flogging, thrash- 2. [Colloquial.] Effects, things. ing, cudgelling, canling, pounding, flagel- Due, a. 1. Owed, to be paid. lation. 2. Proper, fit, suitable, appropriate, Drudge, v. i. Slave, toil, plod, work becoming, befitting. hard. 3. Owing, to be ascribed. Drudge, n. Slave, menial, scullion, hack, Due, n. 1. Debt, what is due. fag, hard-worker. 2. Right, just title, lawful claim.. Drudgery, it. Hard or toilsome work, Due, ad. Directly, exactly. ignoble toil, mean labor. Due to, Owing to, occasioned by, to be Drug, ai. 1. Medicine, physic, remedy. ascribed to. 2. Unsalable article. Duel, n. Affair of honor. Druln, n. (Anat.). Tympanum. Dug, n. Teat (of a beast), nipple, pap, Drunk, a. Intoxicated, tipsy, inebriated, udder. fuddled, disguised, maudlin, drunken, Dulcamlara, is. Woody night-shade, mellow, SLEWE D, GROGGY, in liquor, bitter-sweet (Solanua dcdlcamara). in one's cups, half seas over. Dulcet, a. 1. Sweet, luscious, honeyed. Drunkard, ln. Toper, tippler, sot, ca- 2. Pleasing, agreeable, pleasant, derouser, reveller, bacchanal, bacchana-'lightful, charming. lian. Dull, a. 1. Stupid, stolid, doltish, blockDrunken, a. 1. Intoxicated, DRUNK. ish, brutish, unintelligent, unintellect2. Sottish, given to intoxication. ual, shallow, blunt-witted. Drunkenness, n. 1. Intoxication, ine- 2. Apathetic, jnsensible, unimpasbriety, ebriety. sioned, passionless, dead, callous. 2. Sottishness. 3. Inert, inllctive, lifeless, inanimate, Drupe, si. Stone-fruit. heavy, sluggish, slow, torpid. Dry, a. 1. Arid, not wet, not moist. 4. Blunt, obtuse, not sharp. 2. Thirsty, craving drink. 5. Gloomy, sad, dismal, cheerless. 3. Uninteresting, barren, dull, jejune, 6. Dim, obscure, not bright, not vivid. meagre, tame, vapid, unembellished, 7. Tedious, weaiisome, tiresome, unplain. interesting. 4. Sarcastic, severe, sly, keen, sharp. Dull, v.. a. 1. Blunt, make blunt. Dry, v. a. Desiccate, exsiccate, free from 2. Stupefy, benumb, deaden, paramoisture, make dry. lyze, obtund, hebetate, make or render Dry, v. si. Become dry, lose moisture. insensible, render callous, make obtuse. Dryad, n. Wood-nymph. 3. Depress, dishearten, discourage, Dry goods, Textile fabrics (as distin- dispirit, deject, make melancholy, make guisihel irois groceries.) sad or dejected. Dry-rat, z.. Sap-rot, POWDER-POST. 4. Quiet, allay, moderate, assuage, Dualism, n. Manicheism, doctrine of mitigate, alleviate, soften. two supreme principles (good anrd evil). 5. Sully, tarnish. Dub, v. a. Name, style, term, denomi- Dullard, n. Simpleton, DUTNC. nate, designate, caill, entitle, christen. Duly, ad. 1. Properly, fitly, in a suitDubiety, i. [Raree.] Doubtfulness, du- able manner. biousness, uncertainty. 2. Regularly, in course, at the proper Dubious, a. Uncertain, doubtful, equiv- time. ocal, ambiguous, not plain, not clear. Dumb, a. 1. Unable to speak, incapaDuck, v. a. Immerse, plunge, souse, ble of speech. dip. 2. Mute, speechless, silent, taciturn, Duck, v. it. 1. Dive, plunge, dip, im- mum. merse one's self. Dumb-show, n. Pantomime. 2. Bow, cringe. Dumb-waiter, n. DuMiMvY. Duck-bill, si. Ornithorhynchus, platy- Dumfound, v. a. Colfuse, conpus, mullangong, tambreet, water- Dunlfounder, found, pose, nonmole. plus, strike dumb. Duck-hawk, it. Harpy,,marsh-harrier, Dulmador,?. Cockchafer, dor, dormoor-buzzard ( Circus coruginosuts). bug, May-bug, tree-beetle, May-beetle, Ducking, it. 1. Plunge, dive, dip. (Meloestha vulgaris). 2. [Colloquial.] Wetting, drenching, Dummy, a. 1. Mute, dumb person. soaking. 2. [Colloquial.] Dumb-waiter.

Page  129 DUMJPISH 129 DYSPN(EA 3. Fourth hand (when only three per- Dusky, a. Obscure, murky, dim, shadso7ns play at whist). owy, cloudy, shady, overcast, somewhat Dumpish, a. Sad, dejected, dispirited, dark. MELANCHOLY, despondent, moping. Dutch gold, Pinchbeck. Dumps, n. pi. Dejection, depression, Dutch oven, [U. S.] Bake-kettle. sadness, MELANCHOLY, despondency, Duteous, a. Obedieit, DUTIFUL. BLUES, blue devils. Dutiful, a. 1. Obedient, submissive, Dumpy, a. Short and thick (in person). duteous. Dun, a. Dull brown. 2. Reverential, respectful, deferenDun, v. a. Press (for a debt), importune, tial. urge. Duty, is. 1. What one ought to do, Dun, n. 1. Importunate creditor. what one is bound or under obligation 2. Dunning letter. to do. Dunce, n. Simpleton, fool, dolt, igno- 2. Service, business, function, office. ramus, wiseacre, blockhead, block, 3. Tax, impost, toll, custom, excise. numskull, dullard, thickhead, thick- Dwale, in. 1. Stupefying potion, sopskull, dunderhead, dunderpate, clod- orific draught. poll, beetle-head, bull-head, dull-head, 2. Belladonna, banewort, deadlyaddle-head, logger-head, CHUCKLE- night-shade (Atropa belladonna). HEAD, jolt-head, lack-brain, shallow- Dwarf, is. Pygmy, hop o' my thumb. brain, moon-calf, halfwit, oaf, change- DWarf,v.a. Stunt,hinderfrom growth. ling, booby, noodle, spooney, tony, NIN- Dwarfish, a. Stunted, dwarfed, underCOMPOOP, ninnIy, JOBBEENOWL, flat, sized, diminutive, small, little, tiny, sawney, driveller, noddy, natural, SAP- Lilliputian, Pygmean. HEAD, ass, jackass, goose, coot, loon, Dwell, v. s. Inhabit, reside, live, stay, calf, non-compos, stupid fellow, silly sojourn, tarry, abide, plant one's self, fellow. be settled, have a habitation. D)under, i. Lees (of cane juice). Dweller, s. Inhabitant, inhabiter, resiDunderhead, iz. Simpleton, DUNCE. dent, citizen. Dunder-pate, n. DUNcE. Dwelling, n. Habitation, abode, resiDulndiver,?n. Goosander,' dish-washer, deuce, lodging, quarters, domicile, wagtail (Mergsus mnergasnser or -Mfergus home, place of residence, place of abode, castor). dwelling-place, house. -Dung, at. Excrement, ordure, fne'ces. Dwelling-place, is. DWELLING. Dung, v. a. Manure (with dung). Dwell on, 1. Hang upon fondly, Dungeon, n. Prison (especially one unz- Dwell upon, I be absorbed with, be dergroucnd and dark). deeply interested in. Dunglneers, n. pl. Compost pits. 2. Continue long upon, occupy a long Dupe, ns. Cat's-paw, gull, cully, credu- time with. lous person. Dwindle, v. n. 1. Diminish, decrease, Dupe, v. a. Cheat, deceive, delude, trick, lessen, shrink, grow less, grow little. circumvent, overreach, beguile, cully, 2. Sink, degenerate, decline, decay, chouse, cozen, gull, impose upon. fall away, fall off. Duplicate, a. Double, twofold. Dwindle, v. a. Diminish, decrease, lesDuplicate, a. Copy, transcript, counter- sen, make less. part. Dye, nt. 1. Coloring liquor. Duplicity, n. Dissimulation, chicanery, 2. Color, hue, tint, tinge, stain, cast, guile, deceit, deception, hypocrisy, cir- shade., cumvention, artifice, Machiavelism, Dye, v. a. Color, tinge, stain. double dealing. Dyer's-weed, n. Green-broom, greenDurability, a. Permanence, durable- weed (Genista tinctoria). ness. Dying, a. l. Expiring. Durable, a. Permanent, lasting, abid- 2. Mortal, perishable. ing, continuing, constant, stable. Dying, it. Death, decease, demise, disDurableness, it. Permanence, dura- solution, departure, exit, end of life. bility. Dynamics, n. Science of forces. Durance, n. DuREss. Dynasty, s. 1. Government, sovereignDuration, ia. Continuance (in time), ty, dominion, empire. continuation, lastingness, ENDURANCE. 2. Race of rulers, family of soverDuress, it. Constraint, restraint, cap- eigls. tivity, confinement, imprisonment, du- Dysentery, a. Bloody-flux. rance. Dyspepsia, n. (M1ed.) Indigestion, difDuring, prep. For the time of, for the Dyspepsy, ficulty of digestion. period of. Dyspncea, n. [L.] (Med.) Difficulty of Dusk, n. Twilight. breathing. 9

Page  130 EACH 130 EBB E Each, a. 1. One and the other (of two), Earthly-minded, a. Sensual, sordid, both. EARTHLY. 2. Every one (of several). Earthy, a. 1. Terrene, composed of Eager, a. 1. Longing, yearning, greedy, earth. impatient, keenly desirous. 2. Earthly, terrestrial. 2. Ardent, zealous, vehement, im- 3. Gross, coarse, unrefined. petuous, earnest, animated, fervent, Ear-wax, l. Cerumen. fervid, glowing, hot, sanguine. Ease, n. 1. Rest, repose, quiescence. Eagerness, n. 1. Longing, yearning, 2. Quiet, quietude, quietness, tranavidity, greediness, impatience. quillity, peace, content, contentmeget. 2. Ardor, zeal, vehemence, impetu- 3. Facility, easiness, readiness. osity, earnestness, fervor, fervency, Ease, v. a. 1. Relieve, disburden, disheartiness, devotion. encumber, free from pressure or reEagle, s?. 1. King of birds. straint. 2. Ten dollars ( U. S. gold coinO). 2. Alleviate, allay, assuage, appease, Eagle-eyed, a. Discerning, perspica- mitigate, soothe, pacify, quiet, still, cious, quick-sighted, sharp-sighted, abate. lynx-eyed, hawk-eyed, keen-eyed, Ar- Ease away, (Nasut.) Slacken gradually gus-eyed. (a rope), ease off. Eagre, a. Bore, great tidal wave. Easement, n. (Law.) Privilege (by. Ear, n. 1. Organ of hearing. grant or prescription), convenience, ac2. Musical perception, faculty of dis- commodation, advantage. criminating sounds, sense of hearing. Ease off, (Naut.) EASE AWAY. 3. Regard, heed, attention, hearing. Eastern, a. 1. Oriental, orient. 4. Spike (of grain), head. 2. Towards the east. Earache, it. Otalgia, otalgy, pain in Easy, a. 1. Light, not difficult, not burthe ear. densome. Ear-drop, n. Ear-ring, pendant. 2. Quiet, tranquil, untroubled, comEarly, a. 1. Timely, seasonable, in sea- fortable, contented, satisfied, at rest, son, not late. at ease, without anxiety, without pain. 2. Forward, premature. 3. Yielding, complying, pliant, facile, 3. At dawn, at day-break, at the submissive, accommodating, complaiopening of day. sant. Early, ad. Soon, betimes, seasonably, 4. Unconstrained, graceful, not forin good season, In good time. mal, not stiff. Earn, v. a. 1. Gain, get, acquire, win, 5. Gentle, moderate. obtain, procure. 6. Not straitened (pecuniarily). 2. Merit, deserve, be entitled to. Eat, v. a. 1. Chew and swallow. Earnest, a. 1. Ardent, zealous, eager, 2. Corrode, consume, wear away. fervent, fervid, glowing, animated, im- Eat, v. n. 1. Feed, take food. portunate, warm, hearty. 2. Act corrosively. 2. Intent, steady, fixed, close. 3. [Colloquial.] Taste, relish. Earnest, i. 1. Seriousness, reality, not Eatable, a. Esculent, edible. a jest. Eat dirt, Humble one's self, abase one's 2. Pledge, first-fruits. self, lower one's note, fall on one's 3. EARNEST-iONEY. knees, eat. humble pie, get a set-down, Earnest-money, it. Earnest, pay in sing small. advance (to bind a bargain). Eat humble pie, Suffer humiliation; Earnings, 5.pl. WAGES.' endure mortification, be humbled, be Ear-ring, as. Pendant, ear-drop. abashed, be taken down, eat dirt. Earth, is. 1. World, globe. Eating, a. Corrosive, erosive, corroding, 2. Soil, ground, land, clod, turf, caustic, catheretic. sod. Eating-house, it. Restaurant, cHoPEarth-born, a. 1. Terrigenous, born HOUSE. on the earth. Eat one's words, Take back what 2. Of low birth, of mean extraction. was said, retract a statement. 3. Earthly, low, mean, base, abject, Eau-de-Cologne, [Fr.] Cologne, colgrovelling, earth-bred. ogne-water. Earth-bred, a. Low, base, vile, abject, Eavesdropper, s. Stealthy listener. grovelling, earth-born. Eavesdropping, is. Listening by Earth-flax, i. Amianth, amianthu$ stealth. (species of Asbestos). Ebb, n. 1. Regression, regress, retroEarthly, a. 1. Terrestrial. cession, retrogression, reflux, refiuence,2. Sensual, sordid, worldly, low, grov- return. elling, vile, base, gross, earthly-minded, 2. Decline, decay, deterioration, deearth-born, not spiritual. generacy.

Page  131 EBB 131 EFFECT 3. Decrease, diminution, abatement, Ecstasy, n. 1. Trance. decrement, subsidence. 2. Transport, rapture, ravishment, Ebb, v. a. 1. Recede, retire, flow back. delight, great joy. 2. Decline, decrease, decay, wane, 3. Enthusiasm, fanaticism. sink, fall away. Ecstatic, a.. Entranc Ebon, a. 1. Dark, black, inky. Ecstatical, cing. 2. Made of ebony. 2. Transporting, ravishing, rapturEbriety, at. Drunkenness, intoxication, ous, very delightful. inebriation, inebriety. Ecumenic, a. [Written also UEcuEbullience, t a. Effervescence, ebulli- Ecumenical, I nmeitc and acunmeniEbulliency,) tion, boiling over. cal.] General (applied especially to counEbnllient, a. Effervescing, boiling over. cils of the Chulrch), universal. Ebullition, it. 1. Boiling. Edacious, a. Greedy, voracious, de2. Effervescence, fermentation. vouring. 3. Burst, outburst, outbreak, fit, Eddish, n. Aftermath, rowen. paroxysm. ]Eddy, n. 1. Counter-current. Eccentric, a. 1. Not circular. 2. Whirlpool, vortex. 2. Irregular, abnormal, anomalous, Edentate, a. Toothless. peculiar, uncommon, unnatural, singu- Edentated, Toothless. lar, strange, wayward, odd, aberrant, Edge, n. 1. Cutting side (of a blade). erratic, whimsical. 2. Border, rim, brim, margin, verge, Eccentricity, n. Irregularity, peculiar- brink. ity, oddness, oddity, singularity, way- 3. Keenness, sharpness, intensity. wardness, strangeness, aberration. Edge, v. a. 1. Sharpen. Ecclesiastic, ( a.:Not civil, not sec- 2. Fringe, border. Ecclesiastical, J uilar. 3. Move sideways, move little by Ecclesiastic, n. Priest, clergyman, little. churchman, minister, parson, pastor, Edge, v. a. Move sideways, move little divine. by little. Echinate, a. Prikly, bristled. Edge-bone, a. Aitchbone, natchbone. Echinated, Ea. Pric ky, ried. Edging, n. Fringe, border. Echo, a. Reverberation, reflected sound. Edible, a. Eatable, esculent. Echo, v. n. Resound, reverberate, be Edict, a?. Command, order, decree, resounded back. script, mandate, ordinance, proclamaEcho, v. a. 1. Reverberate, reeicho. tion, ban. 2. Repeat, sound again. Edification, at. Instruction (with referEclaircissement, 1. [Fr.] Explana- ence to im7proving the character), ention, explication. lightenment, improvement, education. Eclaircize, v. a. [MAodern.] Explain, Edifice, it. Buildling, fabric, structure. unfold, expound, elucidate, illustrate, Edify, v. a. Instiuct (in order to inprove make plain, make clear. the character), teach, enlighten, eduEclat, cc. 1. Acclamation, applause, cate, improve. plaudit, burst of applause. Edit, v. a. Conduct (a literary work), 2. Brilliancy, splendor, show, pomp, manage, prepare for publication, superlustre, striking effect. intend the publication of. Eclectic, a. Selecting, choosing. Edition, a. Impression, number (of Eclecticism, a. Eclectic philosophy. copies) printed at once. Eclipse, n. 1. Occultation. Editor, n. Conductor (of a literary 2. Obscuration. work). Eclipse, v. a. 1. Darken, obscure, dim. Educate, v. a. Train, discipline, teach, 2. Cloud, veil, shroud, hide. instruct, nurture, breed, school, EDIFY, 3. Degrade, throw into the shade. drill, bring up, develop the faculties of, Eclogue, a. Bucolic, idyl, pastoral, form the mind and character of. pastoral poem. Education, ia. Training, teaching, Economical, a. Saving, sparing, prov- schooling, instruction, discipline, cultiident, thrifty, frugal, not wasteful, not vation, tuition, nurture, breeding, EDIlavish. FICATION, drilling. Economics, n. Household manage- Educe, v. a. Extract, draw out, bring out. meat, household economy. Edulcorate, v. a. (Chen.) Wash, purify, Economize, v. a. Save, husband, man- cleanse. age frugally, use prudently. Edulcoration, n. (Chem.) Washing, Economize, v. a. Retrench, be frugal, cleaning, purification. be prudent, be ecohomical, practise Eel-pout, n. Burbot (Lota vulgaris). economy, husband one's resources. Efface, v. a. Obliterate, erase, expunge, Economy, a. 1. Frugality, thrift, blot, cancel, rub out, wipe out, scratch thriftiness, good husbandry, good out, rub off, blot out, strike out. housewifery. ~ Effect, n. 1. Consequence, result, issue, 2. Arrangement, regulation, man- event. agement. 2. Force, validity, weight, power, 3. System, plan, established order. efficiency. Ecphonesis, n. [Gr.] (1/het.) Excla- 3. Purport, import, drift, tenor, m nation, ejaculation, interjection. meaning, general intent.

Page  132 EFFECT 132 ELBOW-CHAIR 4. Fact, reality, truth. Effusion, n. 1. Outpouring, efflux, 5. Impression (on the organs of sense). gush. Effect, v. a. 1. Cause, produce, create. 2. Shedding, spilling, waste. 2. Accomplish, achieve, execute, per- 3. Utterance, expression of thought. form, do, consummate, realize, carry, Eft, i. Salamander, newt. compass, effectuate, bring about, bring Egg, n. Ovum. to pass, carry out, work out. Egg-shaped, a. Ovate. Effective, a. 1. Competent, adequate, Egiantine, lt. Sweet-brier (Rosa rubipowerful, forcible, energetic, potent, ginosa). cogent, sufficient, efficacious. Egotism, n. Conceit, vanity, ButMP2. Operative, active, efficient, effect- TIOUSNESS, self-conceit, self-esteem, ual. self-praise, self-commendation. Effects, n. pl. Goods, furniture, mova- Egotistic, ( a. Conceited, vain, opinbles, personal estate. Egotistical, ionated, BUMPTIOUS, Effectual, a. 1. Operative, successful. self-important. 2. Efficacious, effective, active, ef- Egregious, a. Extraordinary, remarkficient, of adequate power. able, enormous, monstrous, outrageous, Effectuate, v. a. Accomplish, achieve, great. effect, execute, carry out, bring to pass. Egress, n. Exit, departure, going out. Effelninacy, i. Weakness, softness, Either, a. & pron. 1, (Appropriately) timidity, womanish delicacy. One or the other (of two). Effeminate, a. 1. Womanish, femi- 2. (Less authorized) Any one (of nine, timorous, unmanly. several). 2. Delicate, tender, womanly (in a 3. (Of doubtful propriety) Each (of good sense). two), both, one and the other. Effeminate, v. a. Unman, soften, Ejaculate, v. a. Utter in an exclamaemasculate, emolliate, make effeminate. tion, utter briefly and suddenly. Effervesce, v. sn. Froth, bubble, fer- Ejaculation, it. Exclamation, ECPHOment. NESIS, brief and sudden utterance. Effervescence, ns. Bubbling, frothing, Eject, v. a. 1. Emit, discharge, void, ebullition, fermentation. evacuate, vomit, spew, puke, throw out, Effete, a. 1. Barren, unprolific, un- cast up. fruitful, fruitless, addle. 2. Expel, oust, dismiss, discharge, 2. Decayed, spent, exhausted, wasted, cashier, turn out. worn out. 3. Reject, banish, throw aside, cast Efficacious, a. Effectual, effective, away, throw overboard. powerful, active, operative, efficient, Ejection, is. 1. Evacuation, discharge. energetic, of adequate power. 2. Expulsion, dismission, extrusion, Efficacy, n. Potency, competency, pow- banishment. er, strength, force, efficiency. Eke out, Add to, supply the deficiency Efficiency, n. EFFICACY. of. Efficient, a. i. Operative, active, effi- Elaborate, v. a. 1. Bestowlabor upon, cacious, effective, effectual, potent. work out. 2. Able, energetic, skilful, ready. 2. Improve, refine, mature, ripen, Efficient, a. Cause, operator, prime prepare thoroughly. mover, efficient agent. Elaborate, a. Labored, studied, high Effigies, n. EFFIGY. wrought, highly finished, elaborately Effigy, n. Image, figure, representation, prepared. likeness, effigies. Elaboration, n. 1. Labor, painstakEAfltoresce, v. n. Become pulverulent ing. (an the sus:face). 2. Preparation, ripening, maturing. Effioi-escence, i. 1. Flowering, bloom, Elapse, v. a. Pass, lapse, glide away, time of flowering. slip away, pass away. 2. Pulverulence (of the surface). Elastic, a. Springy, rebounding, resilEffluence, n. Emanation, efflux. lent, recoiling. Effiuvium, it. Exhalation, vapor. Elasticity, it. Springiness, resiliency, Effiux, in. 1. Flow, effusion. tendency to rebound. 2. Emanation. effluence. Elate, a. Flushed (with success), elated, Effort, t. 1. Endeavor, attempt, trial, excited, exhilarated, puffed up, in high essay, exertion, struggle, strain, strain- spirits. ing, stretch. Elate, v. a. Cheer, exhilarate, elevate, 2. Enterprise, undertaking, cause. animate, excite, flush, puff up, make Effrontery, a. Boldness, assurance, im- proud. pudence, audacity, hardihood, pre- Elater, it. Fire-fly (of South Al nerica, sumption, shamelessness, sauciness, Cuba, &c.). brass, CHEEK. Elation, n. Exultation, elevation, exEffulgence, n. Brilliancy, lustre, splen- altation, pride, high spirits. dor, brightness, radiance, refulgence. Elbow, n. Angle, bend, turn. Effulgent, a. Brilliant, shining, lus- Elbow, v. a. Push. trous, splendid, resplendent, bright, Elbow, v. n. Jostle, push one's way. radiant, refulgent, dazzling. Elbow-chair, n. Arm-chair, armed Effuse, v. a. Shed, spill, pour out. chair.

Page  133 ELBOW-ROOM 133 ELYSIUM Elbow-room, n. Scope, swing, range, Elicit, v. a. Draw out, bring out, sucopportunity, liberty of action, a fair ceed in obtaining. field, room enough. Elide, v. a. Cut off (a syllable). Elder, a. Older, senior. Eligible, a. 1. Desirable, preferable, to Elder, n. Senior, aged person. be preferred, worthy of choice, fit to be Elderly, a. Somewhat old. chosen. Eldership, n. Seniority. 2. Legally qualified. Eldest, a. Oldest. Eliminate, v. a. 1. Exclude, expel, reElect, v. a. CHOOSE, select, cull, pick, ject, thrust out, drive out, get clear pick out, make choice of. of. Elect, a. Chosen, selected, picked, 2. Extricate, release, set free. choice. 3. (Algebra.) Disengage, separate. Election, aI. 1. Selection, preference, Elimination, n. 1. Exclusion, expulchoice. sion, rejection. 2. (Theol.) Predestination. 2. Separation, disengagement. Electioneer, v. x. Canvass. Elite, a. [Fr.]'Flower (of a society), best Elective franchise, Right of voting, part, select body. right to vote. Elixir, n. 1. Cordial. Elector, n. Voter, constituent. 2. (Med.) Compound tincture. Electric, n. Non-conductor (of electrici- Elk, n. Moose, moose-deer (Cervus alty). ces or Alces molchis). Electrify, v. a. 1. Render electric, Elliptic, }a Oval. charge with electricity. Elliptical, ) 2. Rouse, thrill, excite, stir, enchant. Ellipse, a. Oval, oval figure. IElegance, c. 1. Grace, beauty, sym- Elocution, ni. 1. Speech, faculty of metry, propriety. speech, power of expression. 2. Refinement, polish, politeness, 2. Utterance, delivery, mahner of gentility., speaking, oral expression. Elegant, a. 1. Graceful, beautiful, Eloge, n. [Fr.] Eulogy, eulogium, panhandsome, fine, symmetrical, classical, egyric, funeral oration. tasty, tasteful, chaste, neat, well-made, Elongate, v. a. Lengthen, stretch, draw well-proportioned, in good taste. out, lengthen out. 2. Polished, refined, accomplished, Elope, v. i. Abscond (as a womas n witlh cultivated, polite, genteel, courtly, fash- aparamour), run away, run off: ionable. Eloquence, n. 1. Oratory, art of speakElegiac, a. Mournful, plaintive, sor- ing well (in public). rowful, dirge-like. 2. Graceful and vigorous utterance, Elegy, a. Dirge, lament, eepicedium, fit words in fit places, appropriate exmournful song, funeral song. pression. Element, it. 1. Simple body, uncom- Eloquent, a. i. Persuasive, impressive. pounded body, ultimate part. 2. Graceful and vigorous. 2. Constituent, component, ingredi- Else, a. orpron. Other. ent, constituent principle, component Else, ad. or coaj. 1. Otherwise. part. 2. Besides. 3. Proper state, proper sphere. Elsewhere, ad. 1. Many other places. 4. Rudiment, first principle, essential 2. In some other place. point. 3. In other places. Elementary, a. 1. Simple, uncom- Elucidate, v. a. Explain, illustrate, pounded. unfold, make clear, make plain, throw 2. Rudimentary, rudimental, pri- light upon. mary. Elucidation, s. Explanation, illustraElench, n. Sophism, specious argument. tion, exposition, comment, annotation, Elephantine, a.- Huge, immense, gi- commentary, gloss, scholium. gantic, colossal, Cyclopean, Herculean, Elucidative, a. Explanatory. enormous, very large. Elude, v. a. 1. Escape, avoid, shun, get Elevate, v. a. 1. Raise, lift, lift up. away from, steal away from. 2. Exalt, promote. 2. Baffle, frustrate, foil, disconcert, 3. Improve, dignify, ennoble, refine. disappoint, BILK. 4. Animate, elate, cheer, exhilarate, Elusive, a. 1. Evasive, ELUSORY. excite, flush. 2. Equivocating, shuffling, equivoElevation, n. 1. Raising, elevating. catory. 2. Exaltation, aggrandizement, pro- Elusory, a. Evasive, elusive, delusive, motion. deceptive. 3. Dignity, refinement, improvement, Elutriate, v. a. Cleanse (as ores, by ennobling. washing), purify. 4. Hill, elevated place. Elvish, a. Elf-like, mischievous, elfish. 5. (Astrom.) Height, altitude. Elysian, a. Charming, delightful, ravEleve, n. [Fr.] Pupil. ishing, enchanting, blissful, heavenly. Elf, n. 1. Fairy, fay, diminutive spirit. celestial, exceedingly happy. 2. Dwarf, gnome. Elysium, n. 1. The Elysian fields, Elfish, a. Elf-like, mischievous, ely-' islands of the blest. ish. 2. Paradise, Eden, delightful place.

Page  134 EMACIATE 134 EMERGE Emaciate, a. Lean, thin, lank, at- Emblazonry, n. 1. Heraldry, blaz. Emaciated, J tenuated, wasted, gaunt, onry. skinny, meagre, worn to a shadow, re- 2. Heraldic ornaments. duced to a skeleton. Emblem, n. Type, symbol, sign, repreEmnaciation, it. Leanness, lankness, sentation, token, badge, mark, device, meagreness, TABES, TABEFACTION. cognizance, allusive figure. Emanate, v. a. Issue, arise, spring, Emblematic, a. Typical, figurative, flow, proceed, emerge, go out. Emblematical,) representative, symEmanation, n. 1. Flowing out. bolical, allusive. 2. Efflux, effluence, issue. Emblematize, v. a. Symbolize, typiEmancipate, v. a. Enfranchise, manu- fy. mit, liberate, disenthrall, release, un- Embody, v. a. 1. Invest with a body, fetter, unshackle, unchain, free, set free, make corporeal, form into a body. set at liberty. 2. Incorporate, concentrate, compact, Emancipation, n. Enfranchisement, integrate, combine, collect into a whole, manunmssion, liberation, release, de- draw into one mass; liverance. 3. Comprehend, include, embrace, Emasculate, v. a. 1. Castrate, geld, comprise, contain. glib, deprive of virility. 4. Systematize, methodize, codify. 2. Weaken, debilitate, unman, effem- Embolden, v. a. Encourage, animate, inate, emolliate, make effeminate. inspirit, reassure, make bold, give courEnilasculation, it. 1. Castration, OR- age to. CHOTOMY. Embolism, i2. Intercalation. 2. Effeminacy, weakness, softness. Embolisnic, a. Intercalated,interEmbalm, v. a. 1. Preserve from decay Embolismical, calary. (by aromatics or antiseptics). Elnbonpoint, io. [Fr.] Plumpness, 2. Preserve, enshrine, cherish, keep fleshiness, fatness, corpulence, corpuunimpaired. lency, obesity. 3. $cent, perfume, make fragrant. Emboss, v. a. Adorn with raised work, Embargo, it. Prohibition (of vessels to ornament in relief. leave port). Embossment, n. Protuberance, jut, Embark, v. a. 1. Put on shipboard. prominence, raised work, figure in re2. Engage, enlist. lief. Embark, v. n. 1. Go on shipboard. Embouchure, n. [Fr.] 1. Mouth (as 2. Engage, enlist, enter upon, take of a river). the first step. 2. (AMIs.) Aperture (of an instruEmbarrass, v. a. 1. Perplex, entangle, merit), mouthpiece. beset, make intricate, make diffi- Embowed, p. a. Bent, curved, arched, cult. bowed, arcuated, arcuate. 2. Harass, distress, trouble, vex, an- Embowel, v. a. Eviscerate, disembowel, noy, plague, hamper, clog. gut, take out the bowels or entrails of, 3. Confuse, disconcert, confound, non- free from the viscera. plus, pose, dumfound, dumfounder. Embrace, v. a. 1. Clasp (in the a-ms), Embarrassment, n. 1. Perplexity, hug. difficulty, entanglement. 2. Welcome, seize, accept, lay hold 2. Trouble, distress, vexation, plague. on. 3. Confusion, abashment. 3. Comprehend, include, cover, conEmbassy, it. 1. Commission, mission. tain, comprise, enclose, encompass, en2. Legation, ambassadors. circle, embody, take in. Embay, v. a. Landlock. Embrace, n. Hug, clasp. Embed, v. a. Bed. Embroider, v. a. Adorn with needleEmbellish, v. a. Decorate, deck, be- work. deck, ornament, adorn, beautify, set Embroidery, n. Variegated needleout, set off. work. Embellishment, n. Decoration, orna- Embroil, v. a. 1. Perplex, entangle, ment, adornment. ensnarl, implicate, commingle. Embers, n. pl. Cinders. 2. Disturb, confuse, distract, trouble, Embezzle, v. a. Appropriate to one's disorder, discompose, throw into disown use (what is isntrusted), purloin, order, bring into difficulty. peculate, steal, come unlawfully by. Embryo, n. Germ, rudiment. Embezzlement, al. Peculation. Embryo, a. Embryotic, rudimentary, Embitter, v. a. [Written also Imbitter.]'undeveloped. 1. Make bitter. Embryotic, a. E MBRYO. 2. Make unhappy or grievous. Emendation, s. Correction (of a text), 3. Exasperate, madden, enrage. amendment, rectification, change for Emblaze, v. a. 1. EIrBLAZON, blazon. the better. 2. Kindle, set in a blaze. Emerge, v. n. 1. Rise (out of a fluid), Emblazon, v. a. 1. Blazon, emblaze, come up. adorn with ensigns armorial. 2. Issue, emanate, escape, come 2. Deck (with showy ornaments), deco- forth. rate, adorn, embellish, set off, set 3. Appear, become visible, rise into out. view.

Page  135 EMERGENCY 135 ENARTIROSIS Emergency, n. Exigency, urgency, Empiricism, a. 1. Dependence on exnecessity, crisis, pinch, pass, push, perience. strait, difficulty, conjuncture, unexpect- 2. Quackery, charlatanism, charlaed occurrence, unforeseen occasion. tanry. Emersion, n. 1. Emerging, rising. Emplastrum, it. [L. pl. Emplastra.] 2. (Astron.) Reappearance (after (Meled.) Plaster. eclipse). Employ, v. a. 1. Busy, engage, enX:metic, n. Vomit, puke. gross, exercise, occupy. Emeute, n. [Fr.] Riot, popular out- 2. Use, apply, make use of. break, seditious commotion. 3. Entrust with an agency, enlist in Emication, n. Scintillation, spark- one's service, give employment to. ling. Employ, n. [Poetical.] EMPLOYMENT. Emigrate, v.n. Migrate, remove (from Employe, n. [Fr.] Agent, clerk, seroene country to settle in another). vant, hand. Emigration, n. 1. Migration, removal, Employment, n. 1, Business, occupaexodus. tion, engagement, pursuit, AVOCATION, 2. Body of emigrants. calling, profession, trade, craft. Eminence, it. 1. Prominence, projec- 2. Service, agency, office, EMPLOY. tion. Emporium, in. Mart, market, place of 2. Elevation, hill, elevated ground, trade, commercial city. high point. Empoverish, v. a. [Written also Im3. Exaltation, celebrity, distinction, poverish.] 1. Make poor, bring to want, note, renown, repute, reputation, reduce to indigence. fame. 2. Make less fertile. Eminent, a. 1. High, lofty, elevated. Empower, v. a. 1. Authorize, com2. Distinguished, conspicuous, cele- mission, warrant, qualify, give authorbrated, prominent, illustrious, exalted, ity to. famous, renowned, remarkable, of great 2. Enable, make able. repute. Emptiness, n. 1. Vacuity, vacuum, Emissary, n. Messenger, spy, scout, void space. secret agent. 2. Destitution, lack of supplies, want Emission, n. Issue, sending out, throw- of furniture. ing out. 3. Unsatisfactoriness, vanity, hollowEmit, v. a. 1. Eject, discharge, exhale, ness. breathe, breathe out, send forth, throw Empty, a. 1. Void,' devoid, vacant, unout, give out. occupied. 2. Issue (for circulation), put into 2. Unfurnished, unsupplied, unfilled, circulation: destitute. Emmet, n. Ant, pismire. 3. Unsubstantial, unsatisfying, unEmolliate, v. a. Soften, effeminate, satisfactory, vain, hollow. emasculate, make effeminate. 4. Desolate, waste, deserted. Emollient, a. Softening. 5. Senseless, silly, weak. Emolument, ns. 1. Gain, lucre, pay, Empty, v. a. 1. Exhaust, drain, evacucompensation, wages, salary, stipend, ate, deplete. hire, pecuniary profit. 2. Discharge, disembogue, pour out. 2. Advantage, profit, benefit. Empty, v. n. Flow, disembogue, flow Emotion, n. Feeling, passion, excite- out, be discharged. ment (of sensibility), mental agita- Emptyings, n. pl. Yeast. tion. Emnpyreal, a. Ethereal, airial, airy, Empawn, v. a. Pawn, pledge, put in highly refined. pawn. Empyrean, it. Highest heaven. Emphasis, n. 1. Stress (on certain Emulate, v. a. Rival, vie with, comwords), force of utterance. pete with, strive to equal or to excel. 2. Impressiveness, significance, mo- Emulation, n. Rivalry, competition, ment, weight. desire to excel, desire of superiority. Emphatic, l a. Expressive, signifi- Emulous, a. 1. Competing, rivalling. Emphatical,. cant, categorical, strong, 2. Very desirous. - forcible, energetic. Emunctories, n. pl. Excretory ducts. Empire, n. 1. Sovereignty, supremacy, Enable, v.a. Empower, qualify, capacdominion, absolute authority, supreme itate, make able, make capable, render dominion, imperial power. capable. 2. Rule, sway, command, control, Enact, v.a. 1. Ordain, decree, estabgovernment. lish by law, pass into a law, give legisEmpiric, n. Quack, charlatan, pretend- lative sanction to. er, mountebank, impostor, cheat, mere 2. Play, act, act the part of. experimenter (without scientific train- Enactment, o. 1. Enacting. ing). 2. Law, act, decree, edict, ordinance. Empiric, ~ a. 1. Experimental, ex- Enamour, v. a. Charm, captivate, fasEmpirical, ) periential, from experi- cinate, bewitch, enrapture, inflame ence (as distinguished from inference or with love. reasoning). Enarthrosis, s. (Asnat.) Ball-and-sock2, Charlatanic, quackish. et joint.

Page  136 ENCAGE 136 ENDLESS Encage, v. a. [Written also Incage,] Encourage, v. a. 1. Embolden, inConfine, coop, coop up. spirit, animate, enhearten, hearten, Encamp, v. 2n. Camp, pitch one's tent, stimulate, cheer, incite, assure, repitch a camp. assure, comfort, console, buoy up. Encamp, v. a. Place in a camp. 2. Support, favor, countenance, furEncampment, n. Camp. - ther, advance, promote, foster, aid, Euceinte, a. [Fr.] Pregnant, big with help, abet, patronize, help forward. child, in the family way. Encourager, n. Favorer, promoter. Enchain, v.a. 1. Bind, shackle, man- Encroach, v. n. Trespass, intrude, inacle, enslave, hold in chains, hold in fringe, trench, make inroad, make inbondage. vasion, advance stealthily. 2. Hold, rivet, fix, hold fast. Encroachment, q. Infringement, tresEnchant, v. a. Charm, captivate, fas- pass, inroad, invasion. cinate, bewitch, enamour, win, catch, Encunber, v.. a. 1. Load, clog, oppress, enrapture, ravish, beatify,please highly, impede, hinder, obstruct, overload. lead captive. 2. Embarrass, perplex, entangle, inEnchanting, a. Charming, captivating, volve, complicate. fascinating, bewitching, delightful, rav- Encumbrance, n. [Written also Inishing, Circean. cumzbrance.] 1. Load, clog, impediEnchanter, n. Charmer, magician, ment, hinderance, dead weight, drag sorcerer. weight. Enchantment, n. 1. Incantation, con- 2. Debt, claim, liability. juration, necromancy, magic, sorcery, Encyclical, a. Circular. witchery, spell, charm. Encyclopeedia, n. Cyclopaedia. 2. Delight, fascination, rapture, rav- Encyclopedian, a. ENCYCLOPEDIC. ishment, transport. Encyclopedic, a. That embraces Enchase, v. a. 1. Enclose (as a gen in Encyclopedical, the whole circle of gold), infix. learning, encyclopedian. 2. Chase, emboss. Encysted, a. Enclosed in a cyst or sac. Encircle, v. a. Surround, encompass. End, n. 1. Extremity, extreme point. environ, gird, engird, enclose. 2. Close, cessation, period, expiration, Enclose, v. a. [Written also Inclose.] finale, finis, last, fall of the curtain. 1. Encircle, surround, encompass, 3. Conclusion, completion. imbosom, circumscribe, shut in, fence 4. Termination, bound, limit. in. 5. Final state, ultimate condition. 2. Cover, envelop, wrap. 6. Result, event, consequence, sequel, Enclosure, n. [Written also Inclos- upshot, final issue. ure.] 1. Enclosing. 7. Fragment, scrap, remnant. 2. Being enclosed, 8. Aim, purpose, object, design, drift, 3. Thing inclosed. intent, intention, view, final cause. 4. Circle, compass, space enclosed. End, v. a. 1. Terminate, conclude, fin5. Yard, COMPOUND. ish, close, put an end to, bring to an Economiast, i. Eulogist, panegyrist, end, make an end of, cut short. praiser, extoller. 2. Destroy, kill, put to death. Encomiastic, a. Panegyrical, eu- End, v. n. 1. Conclude, terminate, Encomiastical, j logistic, laudatory, cease, be finished, come to an end, come commendatory. to a close. Encomium, n. Praise, eulogy, eulogi- 2. Close, conclude a discourse, cease um, laudation, commendation, pane- speaking. gyric, good word. Endanger, v. a. Hazard, risk, peril, Encompass, v. a. 1. Surround, envi- jeopardize, commit, compromit, expose ron, compass, gird, engird, encircle, to danger, put at hazard, put in peril, enclose. put in jeopardy. 2. Invest, beset, besiege, hem in, wall Endear, v. a. Attach, secure the affecin, lay siege to. tion of, bind by ties of affection, gain Encore, ad. [Fr.] Again, once more. the love of. Encounter, z. 1. Meeting, rencounter, Endearment, n. Caressing, caress, clash, collision. blandishment, fondling. 2. Attack, onset, assault. Endeavor, n. Effort, attempt, essay, 3. Conflict, combat, fight, contest, trial, struggle, exertion, aim. battle, engagement, action, skirmish, Endeavor, v. ia. Try, attempt, essay, brush, affair. labor, strive, aim, make an effort, make Encounter, v. a. 1. Meet (suddenly), an attempt. meet face to face. Endemic, } a. (M'ed.) Of a particu2. Confront, face. Endemical, J lar district. 3. Meet with, fall upon, come upon. Endemic, n. (Mlled.) Endemical dis4. Attack, engage with, contend ease. against, join battle with, cope with, Endless, a. 1. Interminable, illimitacompete with, struggle with, strive ble, unlimited, boundless, immeasurwith, fight with. able, infinite. Encounter, v. n. Clash, skirmish, ren- 2. Eternal, everlasting, perpetual, incounter, fight, come into collision. cessant, continual, uninterrupted.

Page  137 ENDORSE 137 ENHANCE 3. Immortal, undying, deathless, Enforcement, n. 1. Inculcation. ever-living, never-dying, imperishable. 2. Sanction. 4. Objectless, without purpose or de- 3. Execution, putting in force. sign. 4. Constraint, compulsion. Endorse, v. a. [Written also In2dorse.] Enfranchise, v. a. 1. Admit as a free1. Superscribe, write on the back man, endow with a franchise. of. 2. Free, emancipate, release, set free, 2. Sanction, warrant, confirm, ratify, make free, restore to liberty. vouch for. o Engage, v. a. 1. Pledge, commit, Endow, v. a. 1. Furnish with a dowry, promise, bind, put under pledge. settle a dower upon. 2. Enlist, induce to serve. 2. Furnish with a fund, supply with 3. Gain, win, attach, attract, allure, means. entertain, draw, fix, arrest, gain over. 3. Enrich, endue, indue, invest. 4. Occupy, employ, busy, engross. Endowment, n. 1. Gift, grant, be- 5. Attack, encounter, fight with, join quest, boon, largess, bounty, present. battle with. 2. Property, fund, revenue. Engage, v. n. 1. Fight, combat, con3. Talent, faculty, quality, power, tend, struggle, contest, join battle. ability, capacity, capability, aptitude, 2. Embark, enlist, take the first step. parts, genius, qualification. 3. Promise, agree, stipulate, bargain, Endue, v.a. [Written also Indue.] Sup- undertake, pledge one's word, plight ply, invest, clothe, endow, enrich. one's word, pass one's word, pledge Endurable, a. Tolerable. one's self, become bound, be sworn, Endurance, sn. 1. Bearing, suffering, take upon one's self. sufferance. Engagement, ia. 1. Promise, stipu2. Patience, fortitude. lation, assurance, contract, pledge, obli3. [Rare.] Continuance, continua- gation. tion, lastingness. 2. Employment, occupation, busiEndure, v. a. 1. Bear, sustain, sup- ness, AVOCATION, calling, vocation. port. 3. Battle, conflict, combat, contest, 2. Suffer, undergo, experience, go action, fight, encounter, rencounter. through.' Engaging, a. Attractive, winning, en3. Brook, tolerate, abide, submit to, tertaining, pleasing, interesting, capput up with, bear with, take patiently or tivating, charming, taking. easily. Engender, v. a. 1. Generate, beget, Endure, v. n. 1. Remain, continue, procreate, breed. last, abide, be permanent, be durable. 2. Produce, cause, occasion, give rise 2. Bear, suffer, submit, resign one's to, call forth. self, be patient, take it patiently, take Engine, n. 1. Machine. it easily or quietly, not fret about it. 2. Implement, instrument, weapon, Enema, n. ('led.) Clyster, glyster, in- agent, means. jection, lavement. Enginery, n. Engines, machines. E;nemy, lo. 1. Foe, adversary. Engird, v. a. Surround, environ, gird, 2. Opponent, antagonist. begird, encircle, encompass. 3. [With The prefixed.] DEVIL, Sa- English, n. 1. English people. tan, arch-fiend. 2. English language. Energetic, a. Vigorous, active, forci- Engorge, v. a. Gorge, devour, swallow ble, powerful, strong, effective, effica- up, swallow eagerly, gulp down. cios, potent. Engorge, v. n. Devour food, feed Energize, v. i. Act with vigor, act greedily, be gluttonous. forcibly. Engorgement, n. 1. Engorging. Energize, v. a. Give energy to, give 2. (Mled.) Congestion, obstruction, force to, excite to action. over-fulness. Energy, n. 1. Force, power, might, Engrain, v. a. Dye in the grain, dye efficacy, potency, efficiency, strength, deep. activity, intensity. Engrave, v. a. 1. Mark by incisions, 2. Spirit, spiritedness, animation, cut, chisel, carve, STIPPLE. life, vigor, manliness, zeal, pluck, bot- 2. Imprint, infix, impress deeply. tom, animal spirits. Engraving, n. 1. Engraved plate. Enervate, v. a. Unnerve, weaken, en- 2. Print. feeble, debilitate, paralyze, break, de- Engross, v. a. 1. Absorb, engage, ocprive of force or strength, render fee- cupy, take up. ble. 2. Monopolize, forestall. Enfeeble, v. a. Weaken, unnerve, EN- 3. Copy in large hand, write out fair. ERVATE. Engrosslnent, n. 1. Absorption, moEnfilade, v. a. (Mil.) Rake with shot. nopoly, forestalling. Enforce, v. a. 1. Give force to, urge 2. Engrossed copy. with energy, set forth strongly, impress Engulf, v. a. [Written also Insguf.] on the mind. Absorb, swallow up. 2. Put in execution, put in force. Enhance, v. a. 1. Raise (as price), ad3. Constrain, compel, oblige, force, vance, heighten, swell. require. 2. Increase, augment, aggravate.

Page  138 ENHEARTEN 138 ENSLAVE lEnhearten, v.a. Encourage, embolden, Ennui, n. [Fr.] Listlessness (for want animate, hearten, inspirit, cheer, incite, of occtupation), languor, tedium, lassistimulate, assure, reassure, comfort, tude, wearisomeness, tiresomeness, irkconsole, buoy up. someness. Enigma, n. Riddle, puzzle, dark say- Enormity, it. 1. Atrociousness, deing, obscure question. pravity, atrocity, flagitiousness, wickEnigmatic, a. Obscure, mysterious, edness. Enigmatical, / mystic, mystical, dark, 2. Atrocious crime, flagitious villany. occult, recondite, ambiguous, hid- Enormous, a. 1. [Rare.] Inordinate, den, unintelligible, incomprehensible, irregular, abnormal, exceptional. puzzling, perplexing. 2. Huge, monstrous, immense, vast, Enjoin, v. a. 1. Urge, admonish, ad- gigantic, colossal, prodigious, Cyclopevise, importune, beg, entreat. an, Herculean, elephantine, very large. 2. Order, direct, bid, command, re- 3. Flagitious, very wicked. quire, prescribe to. Enough, ns. Sufficiency, plenty, QUAN3. (Law.) Prohibit, restrain, put an TUSi SUFFICIT. injunction on. Enough, a. SUFFICIENT (to sati.fy deEnjoy, v. a. 1. Take pleasure in, be sire). delighted with, take delight in, derive Enough, ad; Sufficiently, satisfactorily, pleasure from. to satisfaction. 2. -Have fruition of. Enounce, v. a. [Rare.] 1. Declare, Enjoyment, is. 1. Pleasure, gratifica- enunciate, announce, publish, proclaim, tion, delight, happiness. promulgate, state, propound, make 2. Fruition, satisfactory possession. known. Enjoy one's self, Be happy. 2. Articulate, utter, pronounce. Enkindle, v. a. 1. Inflame, ignite, En passant, [Fr.] In passing, by the kindle, set on fire. way, by the by. 2. Incite, excite, rouse, stimulate, Enquire, v. a. [Written also and usually instigate, provoke, stir up, set on. inquire.] Ask about. Enlarge, v. a. Increase, augment, ex- Enquire, v. is. 1. Ask, question, seek tend, expand, magnify, amplify, make information (by questioning), make inlarger, make greater. quiry. Enlarge, v. is. 1. Expatiate, dilate, 2. Make investigation, make examidescant, speak at length, launch out. nation. 2. Increase, swell, grow, extend, ex- Enrage, v. a. Irritate, exasperate, inpand, grow larger. cense, madden, infuriate, provoke, inEnlargemnent, ie. 1. Expansion, dila- flame, chafe, AGGRAVATE, anger, make tation, extension, augmentation, in- furious, excite to rage. crease. Enrapture, v. a. Enchant, charm, fas2. Expatiation, copious discourse, ex- cinate, captivate, entrance, enravish, tended remark. transport, beatify, make happy. Enlighten, v. a. 1. Illuminate, illume, Enravish, v. a. Enchant, ENRAPTURE. illumine, irradiate, make light, make Enravishment, n. Rapture, ecstasy, luminous, supply with light. transport, ravishment. 2. Instruct, inform, teach. Enrich, v. a. 1. Endow, make rich, Enlightened, a. Instructed, informed, make wealthy. educated, intelligent, refined, highly 2. Fertilize, make productive. civilized. 3. Store, supply abundantly. Enlightenment, n. Instruction, illu- 4. Adorn, decorate,, deck, ornament, mination. embellish. Enlist, v. a. 1. Enroll, register, record, Enrobe, v. a. Dress, clothe, invest, atlist. tire, array, apparel, robe. 2. Engage, induce to serve, secure Enroll, v. a. Enlist, register, chronicle. the assistance of. En route, [Fr.] On the way, on the Enlist, v. i. 1. List, enroll one's self. passage. 2. Embark, engage, pledge one's as- Ensanguine, v. a. Stain with blood, sistance. smear with blood. Enlistment, ni. Enrolment. Ensconce, v. a. Shelter, cover, shield, Enliven, v. a. 1. Quicken, animate, secure, screen, hide, protect, harbor. wake, rouse, invigorate, give life to. Ensemble, z. [Fr.] The whole. 2. Inspire, inspirit, exhilarate, cheer, Enshrine, v. a. 1. Enclose in a shrine. delight, gladden. 2. Preserve (as sosmsethiing sacred), En masse, [Fr.] Altogether, in a mass, eimbalm, treasure, cherish, keep unimin a body. paired. Enmity, n. Animosity, hatred; hate, Ensiform, a. Sword-shaped. hostility, malignity, malice, aversion, Ensign, is. 1. Banner, standard, colors, malevolence, rancor, bitterness, ill- streamer, flag, pennon. will. 2. Symbol, sign, signal. Ennoble, v. a. 1. Raise to nobility, 3. Badge, distinctive mark, mark of raise to the peerage. distinction. 2. Exalt, dignify, elevate, raise, Enslave, v. a. Reduce to bondage, deaggrandize. prive of liberty.

Page  139 ENSNARE 139 ENTREAT Ensnare, v. a. [Written also Insnare.] Enslave, reduce to servitude, put un1. Entrap, catch. der restraint. 2. Inveigle, allure, seduce. Enthralment, in. [Written also Inthral3. EntaLngle, embarrass, confound, scent.) Enslavement, servitude, slavperplex, bewilder, pose, nonplus, stag- ery, bondage, vassalage, serfdom, thralger, mystify. dom, captivity. Ensue, v. n. 1. Follow, succeed, come Enthrone, v. a. 1. Invest with soverafter, be subsequent. eign power, seat upon a throne. 2. Issue, arise, spring, flow, come, 2. Exalt, elevate, raise to superiority. result, proceed, accrue. ]Enthusiasm, az. 1. Ecstasy (from a Ensure, v. a. [Written also and usually belief of being inspired), fanaticism, Insure.] 1. Make secure. religious frenzy. 2. Secure against loss, indemnify 2. Ardor, zeal, warmth, earnestness, against risk. passion, devotion, heat of imagination, Entail, v. a. 1. Transfer (by inalienable mental excitement. title). Enthusiast, n. 1. Fanatic, devotee, 2. Transmit (by necessity), fix unal- bigot, zealot, religious madman. terably; 2. Zealot, visionary, dreamer, castleEntangle, v. a. 1. Ensnare, entrap, builder. catch, involve in complication. Enthusiastic, } a. 1. Fanatical, big2. Confuse (by tswisting or crossing), Enthusiastical, oted. interweave, tangle, knot, mat. 2. Visionary, extravagant. 3. Perplex, embarrass, puzzle, con- 3. Ardent, earnest, vehement, zealfound, bewilder, pose, nonplus, stagger, ous, fervent, fervid, burning, flaming, mystify.. glowing, passionate, impassioned. Entanglement, na. 1. Intricacy, invo- Entice, v. a. Allure (to evil), lure, atlution, complication. trict, decoy, seduce, tempt, coax, in2. Perplexity, embarrassment, con- veigle, wheedle, cajole, persuade, lead fusion, bewilderment. astray. Entelechy, as. [Peripatetic Philosophy.] Enticement, n., Allurement, lure, atActuality (as distinguzished frone poten- traction, temptation, decoy, bait, seductial existence). tion, inveiglement, inducement, perEnter, v. a. 1. Go into, come into. suasion. 2. Record, register, enroll, note, set Entire, a. 1. Whole, complete, perfect, down, chronicle, jot down, take down. undivided, unbroken, undiminished, 3. Insert,%set in. unimpaired. Enter, v. is. 1. Come in, go in, pass 2. Full, plenary, thorough, unalloyed. in. 3. (Bot.) With even margins, not 2. Penetrate, pierce. toothed, not notched. Enter into, 1. Form a part of. Entireness, n. 1. Wholeness, complete2. Share, participate in, be a partak- ness, totality, entirety, integrity. er of. 2. Fulness, thoroughness. 3. Sympathize with. Entirety, n. Wholeness, ENTIRIENESS. Enterprise, n. 1. Undertaking, adven- Entitle, v. a. 1. Name, designate, deture, venture, attempt, effort, essay, nominate, style, call, dub, christen, endeavor, cause. TITLE. 2. Energy, activity, efficiency, force 2. Give a claim to, give a right to, of character. qualify for, fit for. Enterprising, a. 1. Adventurous, ven- Entity, it. Being, existence, essence. turesome, venturous, dashing, daring, Entomb, v. a. Bury, inhume, inter. audacious, bold. Entomlablent, n. Burial, interment, 2. Active, prompt, alert, stirring, sepulture. smart, energetic, efficient, spirited, Entrails, is. pl. Intestines, bowels, viszealous, strenuous, eager, on the alert, cera, guts, inwards. in earnest. ~ Entrance, it. 1. Ingress. Entertain, v. a. 1. Lodge, treat hospi- 2. Entry, inlet, mouth, avenue, pastably, show hospitality to, receive as a sage, door, gate, portal. guest. 3. Beginning, commencement, initia2. Feed, maintain, support. tion, intioduction. 3. Hold, cherish, harbor. Entrance, v. a. Charm, enchant, en4. Take into consideration. rapture, fascinate, captivate, delight, 5. Divert, amuse, please. bewitch, ravish, electrify, throw into Entertainer, an. Host. ecstasies. Entertainment, n. 1. Hospitable treat- Entrap, v. a. 1. Ensnare, catch. ment. 2. Inveigle, seduce, allure, entice. 2. Feast, banquet, treat, COLLATION, 3. Entangle, involve, perplex, emfestival. barrass, confound, bewilder, mystify, 3. Amusement, diversion, recreation, stagger, pose, nonplus. pastime. Entreat, v. a. Beg, crave, beseech, imEnter upon, Begin, commence, take plore, supplicate, ADJURE, solicit, pray, the first steps in. importune, petition, enjoin, appeal to, Enthrall, v. a. [Written also Inlthrall.] prefer a prayer to.

Page  140 ENTREATY 140 EPITHET Entreaty, s. Supplication, prayer, peti- Environs, n. pl. Neighborhood, vicintion, suit, solicitation, appeal, impor- ity, vicinage. tunity, ADJURATIO1N. Envoy, n. Minister, ambassador, plenEntree, is. [Fr.] 1. Admittance, ad- ipotentiary. mission, free access. Envy, v. a. 1. Hate (for excellence or 2. First course (of dishes). success), view with jealousy, feel ill-will Entremets, n. pl. [Fr.] Side dishes. towards. Entre nous, [Fr.] Confidentially, pri- 2. Grudge, begrudge. vately, in confidence, between our- Envy, n. 1. Hate (on account of excelselves, between you and me, under the lence or success), hatred, jealousy, spite, rose, SUB ROSA. enviousness, ill-will. Entrepot, sn. [Fr.] Magazine, ware- 2. Grudging. house, storehouse. 3. Object of envy, person to be enEntry, sn. 1. Ingress, entrance. vied. 2. Passage (into a house), avenue, Ephemeral, a. Short-lived, transitory, inlet, hall. transient, fleeting, flitting, evanescent, 3. Record, note, minute, memoran- fugitive, fugacious, momentary, brief. dum.' Ephemeris, n. [Gr. pl. Ephemerides.] Entwine, v. a. [Written also Inttwine.] 1. Journal, diary. 1. Twine, twist together. 2. (Astron.) Astronomical almanac 2. Encircle, surround, embrace, wind or calendar. about, wind around. Epic, a. Narrative. Enumerate, v. a. Reckon, compute, Epic, n. Narrative, poem, epic poem, count, number, tell, cite, recount, nu- heroic poem. merate. call over, relate in detail, men- Epicedial, ) a. Elegiac, mournful, fution one by one. Epicedian, X nereal. Enumeration,. 1. 1. umbering, com- Epicediunn, sn. Elegy, dirge, lament, putation, citation, mention, detailed mournful song, funeral song. account. Epicure, s. Voluptuary, sensualist, 2. (Rhet.) Recapitulation, summing- Sybarite, free-liver, man of pleasup. ure. Enunciate, v. a. 1. Declare, speak, Epicureanism, n. Doctrines of Epiproclaim, publish, express, relate, pro- curus, Epicurism. mulgate, state, propound, announce, Epicurism, n. 1. Sensuality, luxury, enounce. luxurious living. 2. Utter, pronounce, articulate. 2. Doctrines of Epicurus, EpicureEnunciate, v. lo. Articulate, speak, anism. utter articulate sounds. Epidemic, a. General, prevailing, Enunciation, n. 1. Declaration, utter- Epidelical, J prevalent, pandemic. ance, expression, announcemelnt. Epidermnis, s. 1. Cuticle, scarf-skin. 2. Elocution, articulation, manner 2. (Bot.) Exterior coating. of utterance. Epigramnnatic, (a. Concise, laconEnunciative, a. Declarative, expres- Epigranmmatical, j ic, terse, pointed, sive, declaratory, enunciatory. poignant, piquant, sharp, pungent. Enunciatory, a. Declarative, enuncia- Epilepsy, n. Falling sickness. tive.. Epiphany, i. 1. Manifestation, arEnure, v. n. [Written also and usually pearance (especially that of Christ by isnure.] (Law.) Be applied, come into the star which guided the Magi to Bethuse, take effect. lehemn). Envelop, v. a. 1. Infold, inwrap, wrap, 2. (Eccl.) Festival of the Epiphany. fold, wrap up, put a wrapper about. Epiphyte, n. Air-plant. 2. Surround, encircle, encompass, Epiplo;n, n. (Ah at.) Omentum, caul. cover, hide. Episcopacy, n. Episcopalianism. ]Envelop, s7. ENVELOPE. Episcopal, a. Episcopalian. Envelope, si. [Fr.] 1. Wrapper, cover- Episcopalian, a. Episcopal. ing, case, capsule. Episcopalian, sn. Churchman. 2. (Fort.) Mound (to cover a weak Episcopalianism, n. Episcopacy. part). ]Episcopate, i?. 1. Bishopric, office of a 3. (Astrom.) Coma. bishop. Envenom, v. a. 1. Poison. 2. Body of bishops. 2. Enrage, exasperate, incense, pro- Episode, so. Digression, incidental naryroke, irritate, madden, aggravate, in- rative. flame, make furious. Epistle, n. Letter, note, written comEnviable, a. Desirable, to be envied. munication. Envious, a. 1. Jealous, disposed to Epistyle, n. (Arch.).Architrave. envy. Epitaph, so. Inscription (on a tomb or 2. Grudging. monumse7nt). Enviousness, so. ENVY. Epithalainium, it. Nuptial song. Environ, v. a. 1. Surround, encore- Epithet, so. [TechnLical term of the Rhetopass, encircle, envelop, gird, begird, riciau.] ADJECTIVE, name, appellaengird, enclose. tion, designation, title, qualifying word 2. Invest, besiege, beset. or term, descriptive term.

Page  141 EPITOME 141 ERECTION Epitome, n. Abridgment, abstract, cornm- Equitable, a. 1. Upright, just, honest, pend, compendium, conspectus, sylla- impartial, candid, unbia-ssed, unprejubus, brief, breviary, summary, synopsis, diced, even-handed. digest, sum and substance. 2. Reasonable, fair, justifiable, right, Epitomist, is. Abridger, epitomizer, proper. writer of an epitome. Equity, i. 1. Justice, right. Epitomize, v. a. 1. Abridge, abbrevi- 2. CHANCERY. ate, shorten, condense, reduce, contract, Equivalence, Equality. make an abstract of. Equivalency, n. q y. 2. Curtail, cut short. Equivalent, a. 1. Equal, commensuEpitomizer, n. EPITOMIST. rate, tantamount, EQUIPOLLENT. Epoch, a. Period, date, era, age, point or 2. Synonymous, interchangeable, of period of time (renmarklablefor some event). the same meaning or import. Epsoln-salts, is. pl. Sulphate of mag- Equivocal, a. 1. Ambiguous, of doubtnesia. ful meaning, to be taken in a double Equability, it. Evenness, uniformity, sense. equableness. 2. Uncertain, doubtful, dubious, indeEquable, a. Even, uniform, equal, terminate. steady, regular, always the same. Equivocate, v. n. Quibble, shuffle, dodge, Equableness, n. Evenness, equability. palter, PREVARICATE, evade the truth, Equal, a. 1. Like, alike, tantamount, use equivocal expressions (for the sake equivalent; of the same extent, meas- of deception). ure, degree, or value. Equivocation, a. 1. Quibbling, pre2. Uniform, even, regular, equable. varication, evasion, shuffling, ambiguity 3. Impartial, unbiassed, equitable, of speech. fair, just, even-handed. 2. Quibble, equivoke, double mean4. Proportionate, commensurate. ing. 5. Adequate, competent, fit, of suf- Equivoke, n. 1. Ambiguous expression, ficient strength or ability. double meaning. Equal, n. Peer, compeer, fellow. 2. Quibble, equivocation, double Equal, v. a. 1. Equalize, make equal, meaning. make alike. Equivoque, i. [Fr.] EQUrIVOKE. 2. Rival, rise to the same level with. Era, n. 1. Series or succession of years 3. Be adequate to, be equal to, be (nmarlked by any ademiistratio? or discommensurate with. pensation). Equality, ss. 1. Likeness. 2. Epoch, period, date, age, point or 2. Uniformity, evenness. period of time (from whiclh dates are Equalize, v. a. Equal, make equal, reckoned). make alike. Eradicate, v.a. 1. Extirpate, uproot, Equanimity, n. Evenness of mind or root out, pull up by the roots. temper, steadiness of disposition. 2. Destroy, exterminate, annihilate. Equate, v. a. Average, reduce to an Eradication, n. 1. Extirpation, rooting average. out. Equator, n. 1. Equinoctial, equinoctial 2. Extermination, destruction, anniline, celestial equator. hilation, excision. 2. Terrestrial equator. Erase, v. a. Efface, obliterate, rase, exEquestrian, n. 1. Horseman, rider. punge, cancel, blot, scratch out, scrape 2. Knight, cavalier, chevalier, horse- out, rub out, blot out. soldier, CHASSEUR. Erasure,- n. Obliteration, scratching out, Equestrianism, n. Horsemanship. rasure. Equilibrium, n. Equipoise, even bal- Ere, ad. [Poetical.] Before, sooner than. ance, equality of weight. Ere, prep. [Poetical.]' Before, prior to. Equinoctial, n. Celestial equator, equi- Erebus, ns. (Myth.) [L.] Hell, Tartarus, noctial line. Hades, Avernus, the lower world, the Equinoctial, a. 1. Of the equinoctial. infernal regions, shades below, region 2. At the time of the equinoxes. of darkness. Equinox, t. Equinoctial point, inter- Erect, v. a. 1. Set up, place upright, set section of the equator and the ecliptic. upright. Equip, v. a. 1. Furnish, provide, arm, 2. Raise, build, construct. fit out, supply with outfits or apparatus. 3. Exalt, elevate, magnify. 2. Dress, accoutre, array, dress out. 4. Institute, found, form, plant, esEquipage, it. 1. Apparatus, equipment, tablish. furniture, baggage, effects, bag and bag- 5. [Poetical.] Cheer, animate, inspirit, gage. enliven, encourage. 2. Carriage, vehicle, turnout. Erect, a. 1. Upright, not prone. 3. Train, retinue, attendance, pro- 2. Elevated, turned upward. cession, suite. 3. Bold, undaunted, undismayed, unEquipment, n. Accoutrement, furni- terrified, firm, unshaken. ture, apparatus, rigging, gear, outfit. Erection, n. 1. Erecting, setting upEquipoise, it. Equilibrium. even bal- right. ance, equality of weight. 2. Rlaising, building, constructing. Equipollent, a. [Rare.] Equivalent. 3. Building, structure, edifice.

Page  142 ERELONG 142 ESSENCE Erelong, ad. Soon, before long. slink away, run away, break loose, Erenlite, n. [Poetical.] Hermit, an- break away, gain one's freedom, whip choret, anchorite, solitary, SOLITAIRE, off, take one's self ofilf, beat a retreat, recluse. take to one's heels, cut and run, take Ergo, ad. [L.] Therefore, consequently. French leave, be among the missing. Ergot, is. Spurred rye. 2. Slip, pass, go by, slip through the Erin, a. Ireland. fingers, be passed over, be omitted. Ermine, is. 1. Stoat (Ma1ustela ermizea). Escape, ni. 1. Flight. 2. Fur of the stoat. 2. Release (fron'0 threatened danger). Erode, v. a. Consume, destroy, canker, Escarp, it. Scarp. corrode, eat away. Eschar, n. (Ml1ed.) Crust (nade by causErosion, n. Corrosion, eating away. tics), scab, slough. ]Erosive, a. Corrosive, corroding, caus- Escharotic, a. Caustic, searing, cautertic, acrid, virulent, eating, catheretic. izing, catheretic. Erotic, i a. Amatory, amorous, Anac- Escharotic, is. (Mfed.) Caustic, caustic Erotical, reontic.application. Erotic, a. Amatory poem. Escheat, v. n. Be forfeited. Err, v. it. 1. Deviate (frone the right Eschew, v. a. Avoid, shun, flee from, way), wander, ramble, rove. keep away from, keep clear of, steer 2. Mistake, blunder, misjudge, make clear of, keep out of the way of, be shy a mistake, be at fault, labor.under a of, have nothing to do with. mistake. Escort, se. 1. Convoy, guard, conduct. 3. Sin, lapse, fall, trip, trespass, 2. Protection, safeguard, safe conoffend, go astray, do amiss, commit a duct. fault. Escort, v. a. Attend, accompany, conErrand, n. Message, mandate, mission, voy, conduct, wait on, go along with. commission. Escritoire, n. [Fr.] Writing-desk. Errant, a. Wandering, roving, ram- Esculent, a. Eatable, edible. bling. Esculent, n. Edible substance. Errata, n.pi. [L.] Errors (inlprinting), Escutcheon, a. Shield, scutcheon, enmistakes, misprints. sign armorial. Erratic, a. 1. Wandering, roving, no- Esophagus, n. [Written also and usumadic, not stationary. ally (Esophacgts.] Gullet. 2. Irregular, eccentric, abnormal. Esoteric, a. Private, secret, acroamatic, Errhine, n. Sternutatory. acroatic, not public, not exoteric. Erring, a. Sinful, fallible, peccable, Especial, a. Particular, principal, chief, liable to err. special. Erroneous, a. False, incorrect, inexact, Espial, it. Notice, observation, discovinaccurate, wrong, untrue. ery. Error, n. 1. Mistake. blunder, misap- Espousal, n. 1. Espousing, betrothing. prehension, oversight, inaccuracy. 2. Adoption, defence, support, main2. Sin, fault, offence, trespass, trans- tenance. gression, delinquency, iniquity. Espousals, n. pl. Betrothment, promise Errors, is. pl. (In printing.) Errata, of marriage. misprints. Espouse, v. a. 1. Betroth, promise marErse, ns. Gaelic language. riage with. Erubescent, a. Reddish, blushing, rubi- 2. Marry, wed, join in wedlock. cund. 3. Adopt, defend, embrace, maintain, Erlluctate, v. is. [Rare.] Belch, eject support. bwind from the stomach. Esprit de corps, [Fr.] Class feeling, Eructation, n. Belching. mutual interest in one another (as beErudite, a. Learned, lettered, well-read, tween mzemzbers of the saeme society or of deep-read. the sacze profession). Erudition, in. Knowledge (gained by Espy, v. a. Discern, descry, perceive, reading and study), learning, lore, spy, discover, catch a glimpse of, catch scholarship, science, literature. sight of. Eruption, n. 1. Explosion, outburst, Espy, v. n. Watch, observe, spy, take outbreak. notice. 2. Sally, sudden excursion. Esquire, a. Squire. 3. (MAed.-) Rash, exanthem. Essay, v. a. Attempt, try, endeavor. Erysipelas, is. Saint Anthony's fire. Essay, xi. 1. Attempt, trial, endeavor, Escalade, v. a. Scale. effort, struggle, aim. Escapade, i1. 1. Impropriety (coznmitted 2. Tract, dissertation, treatise, disby one zwho is senconscious of it). quisition, brief discourse. 2. Vagary, prank, frolic. Essayist, is. Essay-writer. Escape, v. a. 1. Avoid, shun, evade, Essay-writer, is. Essayist. elude, flee from, get out of the way of. Essence, is.. Nature, substance, quin2. Pass unobserved. tessence, essential part. Escape, v. it. 1. Flee, fly, abscond, 2. Extract, volatile part, rectifiedpordecamp, VAMOSE, ABSQUATULATE, tion. SLOPE, make or effect one's escape, 3. Odor, perfume, scent. make off, steal away, hasten away, 4. Being, existence, entity.

Page  143 ESSENCE 143 EUCHARIST Essence, v. a. Perfume, scent, odor. ]Estuary, n. Frith, inlet, arm of the Essential, a. 1. Vital, necessary, requi-, sea. site, illdispensable, highly important. Etat-lnajor, [Fr.] Staff, commissioned 2. Volatile, pure, highly rectified. officers, staff officers. 3. (lIed.) Idiopathic, not sympto- Et coetera, [L.] And others, and so matic. forth, and so on. Essential, n. 1. Nature, first principle. Etch, v. a. Engrave (by oorrosion of an, 2. Chief point, most important part. acid). Establish, v. a. 1. Fix, settle, plant, Eternal, a. 1. Endless, everlasting, found, institute, constitute, organize, interminable, ever-during, perpetual, form. ceaseless, unceasing, perennial. 2. Confirm, ratify, sanction, approve. 2. Imperishable, undying, never-dy3. Prove, substantiate, verify, make ing, immortal. good. 3. imLmutable, unchangeable. Establishment, n. 1. Planting, found- Eternally, ad. Endlessly, interminably, ing, institution, organization, settle- perpetually, ceaselessly, continually, ment. everlastingly, always, ever, AYE, ever2. Confirmation, ratification, sane- more, for everlasting, for ever, for AYE, tion, approval. for ever and ever, world without end, 3. Verification, substantiation, proof. time without end, to the end of time. 4. Residence (with all that pertaints to till doomsday. it), place of residence. Eternity, n. Perpetuity, endless dura5. Style of living, expenses of living. tion. 6. Place of business. Eternize, v. a. 1. Perpetuate, make Estate, n. 1. State, condition, position, perpetual. rank. 2. Immortalize, make immortal. 2. Property, effects, possessions, for- Ethereal, a. 1. Airy, aerial, empyreal, tune. light, volatile. 3. Class (of those who constitute the 2. Celestial, heavenly. state or the governmlot of a state), order, Etherealize, v. a. Subtilize, make division. ethereal. 4. (Law.) Interest (is any species of Etherealness, n. Airiness, rarity, subpermanent property). tilty, subtileness. Esteem, v. a. 1. Estimate, appreciate, Ethical, a. Moral. value, rate, reckon, set a value on. Ethics, it. Morality, morals, moral phi2. Admire, like, prize, honor, revere, losophy, science of human duty. respect, think well of, think highly of, Ethiops-lnineral, i. Black sulphuret set a high value on.. of mercury. 3. Regard, consider,'deem, think, ac- Ethnic, a a. 1. Heathen (as distincount, believe, suppose, imagine, hold, Ethnical, ) guished from Jewish and view, fancy, look upon. Christianc), pagan, gentile. Esteem, 2n. 1. Estimation, estimate, 2. Ethnological. appreciation, valuation, reckoning, ac- Ethnologic, a Ethn count, opinion, judgment. Ethnological, a. E c, ethnical 2. Respect, reverence, honor, credit, Ethnography, n. Description of races high regard, favorable opinion. (especially as regard inazere:s and cusEsthetics, n. [Written also and usually tomns or external peculiarities). szsthletics.] Philosophy of the fine arts, Ethnology, ns. Science of races (tireatineg theory or philosophy of taste, science of of' the ilental as swell as of the physical the beautiful. di ferences of the races of mankisnd). Estimable, a. Worthy, good, excellent, ]Ethology, is. Treatise on ethics, system meritorious. of ethics. Estimate, v. a. 1. Value, appraise, rate, Etiolate, v. a. Bleach, blanch, whiten, prize, esteem, appreciate, set a value make or render white. on, set a price on. ]Etiolate, v. s. Become white, be whi2. Compute, reckon, count, calculate. tened, be blanched, be bleached. Estilmate, n. 1. Valuation, estimation. Etiolated, a. Whitened (by ehcl*uiorn 2. Calculation, computation. Jfiol7 light), blanched, bleached. Estimation, a. 1. Valuation, appraise- Etiquette, n. Prescribed form (of bement, appreciation, estimate, judgment, havior, as that set down oen a card or opinion, esteem. ticket on the occasions of ceremonies at 2. Respect, honor, regard, reverence, coert),fashionable ceremony, ceremonial favorable opinion. code, forms of good breeding, convenEstop, v. a. (Law.) Bar, stop, impede, tional decorum. preclude, stop the progress of. Etymology, n. 1. Science of etymons..Estoppel, ns. Bar, impediment. 2. Derivation. Estrange, v. a. 1. Withdraw, withhold, 3. (Gramn.) Inflection (of the parts of keep away. speech). 2. Disaffect, alienate, make unfriend- Etymon, n. Root, radical, radix, primly, make disaffected. itive word. Estrangement, is. 1. Withdrawal. Eucharist, n. Communion, sacrament, 2. Disaffection, alienation. Lord's Supper, Christian sacrament.

Page  144 EULOGIST 144 EVERYWHERE Eulogist, n. Encomiast, panegyrist, Evasion, n. Shift, subterfuge, equivopraiser, extoller. cation, prevarication, quibble, tergiverEulogistic, c(a. Encomiastic, pane- sation, shuffling, sophistical excuse, Eulogistical, gyrical, commendatory, disingenuous escape. laudatory. Evasive, a. Equivocating, shuffling, Euloginun, n. Praise, EUVLOGY. sophistical, elusive, elusory. Eulogy, n. Eulogistic speech or dis- Eve, in. [Poetical.] EVENING. course, praise, eulogium, encomium, Even, i. Evening, eve. panegyric, commendation, good word, Even, a. 1. Smooth, level, plane, flat. tribute of praise. 2. Uniform, equable, equal, calm, Eupepsy, n. Good digestion. ruffledl, unsteady. Euphelmism, n. Softened expression 3. On a level, on the same level. (to avoid offending by harshness or by 4. Fair, just, equitable. indelicacy). 5. Divisible by two, not odd. Euphonic, a Even, ad. 1. Exactly, verily, just. Euphonical, a. EuPHONIOUS. 2. At the very time. Euphonious, a. Euphonic, mellifluous, 3. Likewise, in like manner, not only clear, silvery, musical, sweet-toned, not so, but also. harsh, sweetly flowing. 4. Strange to say. Euphony, n. Agreeable sound (in la~n- 5. So much as. guage). Even-handed, a. Just, equitable, imEuphIrasy, is. (Bot.) Eye-bright (Eu- partial, fair, honest, upright. phrasia of7cinalis). Evening, n. EVE, even, eventide, nightEuphuism, ni. Purism, finical style, fall, dusk, twilight, close of the day, fastidious delicacy (iL the use of lan- fall of day, decline of day, going down guage), affected elegance. of the sun. Euthanasia, n. Euthanasy, easy death. Evening star, n. Vesper, Hesper, Hes]Euthanasy, sn. EUTTHANASIA. perus, Venus. Eutrophy, n. Healthy nutrition. Event, s. 1. Incident, accident, occurEuxine, se. Black sea. rence, adventure, affair. Evacuant, a. (Mled.) Purgative, cathar- 2. Result, issue, consequence, end, tic, abstergent, cleansing. conclusion, termination. Evacuant, is. Cathartic, purgative, Eventful, a. Full of incidents. purgative medicine. Eventual, a. Final, ultimate. Evacuate, v. a. 1. Empty, make empty. Eventuate, v. n. Issue, terminate, 2. Eject, expel, excrete, void, dis- close, prove, turn out. charge, tihrow out, clear out, clean out. Ever, ad. 1. At any time. 2. Quit (as a house or a cosuntry), 2. Always, evermore, Perpetually, leave, relinquish, forsake, desert, aban- continually, eternally, AYE, for aye, don, withdraw fiom. for ever, at all times, to the end of time, Evacuation, n. 1. Emptying. through all ages, till doomsday. 2. Discharge, ejection, excretion. Ever and anon, Often, every now and 3. Quitting, withdrawal. then, at short intervals. Evade, v. a. 1. Elude, escape, escape Ever-during, a. Eternal, EVERLASTfrom, steal away from, get away from ING. (by artifice). verlasting, a. 1. Eternal, endless, 2. Av6id, shun. decline. unending, ever-during, perpetual, inEvade, v. n. Equivocate, shuffle, quib- cessant, ceaseless, continual, uninterble, dodge, prevaricate, palter, cavil. rupfcd, interminable, unceasing, neverEvanesce, v. n. Vanish, disappear, be ceasing, never-ending. seen no more. 2. Imperishable, undying, neverEvanescence, sn. Transitoriness, tran- dying, ever-living, deathless, immorsientness, speedy passage, short contin- tal. uance. Everlasting, n. 1. Eternity. Evanescent, a. Vanishing, fleeting, 2. Cudweed, goldylocks, isIMrontransitory, transient, passing, flitting, TELLE. fugitive, flying, ephemeral, short-lived. Ever-living, a. Eternal, immortal, ulEvanlgelic, ta. According to the dying, deathless, never-dying, everEvangelical, gospel. lasting. Evangelist, n. 1. Writer of one of the Everl ore, ad. Always, eternally, forGospels. ever, ever, perpetually, continually, 2. Missionary. AYE, for aye, at all times, to the end of Evangelize, v. a. Preach the gospel to, time, through all ages. instruct in the gospel. Every, a. Each (of several). Evaporate, v. ss. 1. Fly off in vapor. Every now and then, Often, at short 2. Disappear, be dissipated. intervals, ever and anon. Evaporate, v. a. 1. Vaporize, convert- Every-day, a. Common, customary, into vapor, disperse in vapor. usual, wonted, accustomed, habitual. 2. Exhale, emit in vapor. Everywhere, ad. In every place, in all Evaporating dish, Capsule. places, right and left, far and near, far Evaporation, n. 1. Vaporization. and wide, throughout the world, all the 2. Exhalation. world over, in every quarter, in all

Page  145 EVICT 145 EXCEEDINGLY quarters, in all lands; here, there, and 2. Strictness, regularity, scrupulouseverywhere; from pole to pole, from ness, carefulness. China to Peru, from Maine to Georgia. Exaggerate, v. a. Overstate, heighten, Evict, v. a. (Law.) Dispossess. amplify, overcharge, strain, stretch, Eviction, n. (Law.) Dispossession, de- overstrain, caricature, overcolol; depict privation. extravagantly, color too highly. Evidence, it. Testimony, proof, ground ]Exaggeration, n2. Hyperbole, rant, of belief. caricature, extravagant statement, Evidence, v. a. Prove, elucidate, de- high coloring. monstrate, show, manifest, evince, Exalt, v. a. 1. Raise, elevate, erect, lift make manifest, make clear. up. Evident, a. Plain, clear, manifest, 2. Ennoble, dignify, aggrandize. apparent, obvious, palpable, patent, 3. Praise (higyly), extol, magnify, unmistakable. glorify, bless. Evidential, a. Indicative, evidentiary, 3Exaltation, n. Elevation, dignity. evincive, demonstrative. Examination, n. 1. Inspection, obserEvidentiary, a. EVIDENTIAL. vation. Evil, a. 1. Bad, ill, not good. 2. Inquiry, search, research, scrutiny, 2. Wicked, sinful, vicious, corrupt, investigation, inquisition. perverse, wrong. 3. Trial by questions (in order to elicit 3. Mischievous, hurtful, harmful, truth or to test qualifcations). noxious, deleterious. Exanzine, v. a. 1. Inspect, observe. 4. Unhappy, unfortunate, calami- 2. Scrutinize, investigate, study, contous, adverse, unpropitious. sider, canvass, inquire into, search into, Evil, ss. 1. Calamity, misfortune, dis- look into, inquire about. aster, reverse. 3. Interrogate (ie order to elicit tactht 2. Wickedness, sin, depravity, malig- or to test qusalifications), catechise, put nity, wicked disposition. questions to. 3. Wrong, isjury, mischief, harm. Examiner, cs. 1. Inspector. Evil-doer, cn. Sinner, criminal, male- 2. Inquirer, investigator. factor, culprit, offender, delinquent, ExaInple, cc. 1. Pattern, copy, model, wrong-doer. archetype, prototype. Evil one, Devil, Satan, Lucifer, Belial, 2. Precedent. Apollyon, arch-fiend, the tempter, the 3. Instance, illustration, exemplificaman of sin, the wicked one, the old tion, case in point. serpent, the prince of darkness, the 1Exaninate, a. 1. Lifeless, dead, defunct. foul fiend, the Enemy. 2. Inanimate, torpid, inert, sluggish, Evince, v. a. Prove, demonstrate, show, spiritless. evidence, manifest, elucidate, make Exantlhem, a. (lled.) Rash, eruption, evident, make clear. breaking out. Evincive, a. Demonstrative, indicative, Exanthel ma, It. [Gr. pl. Exanztheemata.] evidential, evidentiary. Exanthem. Eviscerate, v. a. Disembowel, embowel, Exasperate, v. a. 1. Irritate, provoke, gut, take out the bowels of. chafe, vex, nettle, incense, anger, aflEvoke, v. a. Summon, call forth, call front, offend, enrage, make angry. up, summon forth. 2. Exacerbate, inflame, render more Evolkution, cc. Evolving, unfolding, ex- violent. paslsion, evolvement. Exasperation, cs. 1. Irritation, provoEvolve, v. a. Unroll, unfold, expand, cation, exacerbation. open, develop. 2. Wrath, rage, ire, fury, violent Evolvement, 55. EVOLUTION. passion. Exacerbate, v. a. 1. Irritate, exasper- Ex cathedra, [L.] 1. [Adjectively.] ate, provoke, imbitter, inflame, excite, Authoritative, from the bench, from infuriate. high authority. 2. Aggravate, heighten, increase. 2. [Adverbially.] Authoritatively, Exacerbation, n. 1. Exasperation, with authority, with the air of a mnagisprovocation, irritation. trate. 2. Aggravation, increase. ]Excavate, v. a. Hollow, hollow out, Exact, a. 1. Strict, scrupulous, me- scoop out, dig out, cut out. thodical, punctual, nice, critical, up- Excavation, c. 1. Excavating. right, honest. 2. Cutting, cavity, hollow. 2. Accurate, precise, literal, correct, ]Exceed, v. a. 1. Transcend, surpass, true. cap, go beyond. Exact, v. a. 1. Extort, require author- 2. Excel, outdo, outstrip, outvie, be itatively. superior to. 2. Claim, demand. Exceed, v. n. 1. Go too far, overstep Exaction, n. 1. Extortion. the proper limit. 2. Contribution (dec7canded), tribute. 2. Be the greater, bear the greater Exactitide,a nH. EXACTNESS. proportion. Exactness, cI. 1. Accuracy, correct- Exceedingly, ad. Very, highly, greatly, ness, faultlessness, precision, nicety, extremely, vastly, beyond measure, to truth. a great degree. 10

Page  146 EXCEL 146 EXCULPATORY Excel, v. a. 1. Surpass, outdo, beat, be Excite, v. a. 1. Arouse, rouse, awaken, superior to, cast in the shade, throw stimulate, incite, animate, kindle, ininto the sha-de. flame, brew, stir up. 2. Exceed, transcend, cap, go beyond. 2. Raise, create, give rise to, put in Excel, v. is. Be superior, be eminent, motion. bear the palm, bear the bell, take pre- 3. Disturb, agitate, discompose, irricedence. tate, provoke. Excellence, n. 1. Superiority, pre-emi- Excitemnent, n. 1. Incitement, motive, nence, transcendence. stimulus. 2. Good quality. 2. Agitation, perturbation, commo3. Worth, goodness, uprightness, pro- tion, sensation. bity, purity. 3. Irritation, warmth, passion. Excellent, a. 1. Superior, eminent, Exclaim, v. i. Vociferate, shout, call, first-rate, sterling, peerless, prime, ad- cry out, call aloud. mirable, matchless, choice, CRACK, ex- Exclalnation, n. 1. Vociferation, outquisite, transcendent, of the best, of the cry, ejaculation, clamor. first water, superlatively good. 2. (Rhet.) ECPHONESIS, interjection. 2. Virtuous, worthy, good, above or Exclude, v. a. 1. Bar, debar, preclude, beyond all praise. reject, shut out. Except, v. a. Exclude, reject, leave 2. Prohibit, restrain, hinder, without. hold. Except, v. n. Object, make objection, 3. Expel, eject, thrust out. take exception. Exclusion, s. 1. Preclusion, rejection. Except, prep. Excepting, excluding, 2. Prohibition. save, leaving out, with the exception 3. Expulsion, ejection. of. Exclusive, a. 1. Excluding, debarring. Exception, n. 1. Exclusion. 2. Excepting, to the exclusion, not 2. Objection. including. 3. Instance to be excepted. 3. Illiberal, selfish, narrow, unchariExceptionable, a. Objectionable. table, narrow-minded. Exceptional, a. Irregular, unusual, 4. Sole, only, special. uncommon, unnatural, peculiar, anom- Excommlunicate, v. a. Dismiss or exalous, abnormal, aberrant, exceptive. pel (froi7 the church), denounce, proExceptive, a. EXCEPTIONAL. scribe, anathematize, expel from fellowExcerpt, n. Extract, quotation, cita- ship. tion, selected passage. Excmmnunication, is. Dismission, or Excerpt, v. a. Extract, select, cite, expulsion (Jfonc the church), denunciquote, take. ation, proscription, anathema, ban. Excess, n. 1. Superfluity, redundance, Excoriate, v. a. Flay, skin, gall, strip redundancy, superabundance. the skin friom. 2. Surplus, overplus, remainder. Excoriation, a. Flaying, skinning. 3. Intemperance, dissipation, de- Excrement, n. 1. Excretion, excreted bauchery. matter. Excessive, a. 1. Superabundant, su- 2. Dung, fxeces, ordure, alvine disperfluous, exuberant. charges. 2. Extravagant, inordinate, enorm- Excremental, a. Excrementitious, exous, outrageous, unreasonable, very crementitial. great. Excremenetitial, a. EXCREIENTAL. 3. Immoderate, intemperate, ex- Excremientitious, a. EXCREMIENTAL. treme. Excrescence, i. Wart, tumor, morbid 4. Vehement, violent. protuberance. Exchange, v. a. 1. Barter, commute, Excrescent, a. Fungous. swap, truck, change. Excrete, v. a. Separate, discharge, 2. Interchange, bandy, give and take eject, throw off. reciprocally. Excretion, n. 1. Separation, discharge. Exchange, it. 1. Barter, traffic, trade, 2. Excrement, excreted matter. commutation. Excretive, a. Excretory. 2. Interchange, reciprocity. Excretory, a. Excretive. 3. BOURSE. Excruciate, v. a. Torture, torment, Excise, n. Inland duty, tax upon home rack, agonize. products. Excruciating, a. Torturing, torment]Excision, n. Extirpation, eradication, ing, very painful. destruction, extermination. Excruciation, 1c. Torture, torment, Excitability, i2. 1. Sensibility, sensi- agony, anguish. tiveness. Exculpate, v. a. Absolve, exonerate, 2. Irritability, irascibility, passion- acquit, clear, excuse, pardon. justify, ateness, hot temper. vindicate, set right, apologize for, make Excitable, a. 1. Sensitive, suscept- allowance for, put in a good word ible, impressible, excited. for. 2. Irascible, irritable, passionate, Exculpation, a. Excuse, exoneration. choleric, hasty, hot-tempered, quick- Exculpatory, a. Excusatory, apolotempered. getical.

Page  147 EXCURSION 147 EXHIBITION Excursion, n. 1. Journey, tour, trip, Exelnplification, n. 1. Illustration. expedition, ramble, jaunt. 2. (Law.) Certified copy or transcript. 2. Digression, episode. Exenlplify, v. a. 1. Illustrate, show Excursive, a. Rambling, wandering, by example. roving, roaming, devious, erratic, no- 2. (Law.) Make a certified copy of. madic. Exempt, v. a. Excuse, exonerate, relExcursus, n. [L.1 Dissertation, dis- lieve, release, free, let off, grant imquisition, discussion. munity to. Excusable, a. Pardonable, venial. Exempt, a. Exempted, free, liberated, Excusatory, a. Apologetical. released. Excuse, v. a. 1. Pardon, forgive, ac- Exemption, n. Inmunity, privilege. quit, absolle, exculpate, exonerate, Exequies, n. pl. Obsequies, funeral clear, make apology for, set right. rites, funeral procession, ceremonies of 2. Extenuate, justify, vindicate. burial. 3. Exempt, release, free, let off. Exercise, n. 1. Practice, use, appli4. Overlook, regard indulgently. ance, application, performance, operaExcuse, n. 1. Apology, plea, justifica- tion, employment. tion, absolution. 2. Exertion, labor, work, toil, effort. 2. Pretext, pretence, color, guise, 3. Training, schooling, discipline, disguise, semblance, make shift, false drill, drilling. show. 4. Lesson, task. Execrable, a. 1. Detestable, hateful, Exercise, v. a. 1. Exert (constantly), odious, damnable, cursed, accursed, employ, busy, apply, use, put in action, abominable, villanous. set to work. 2. Offensive, disgusting, obnoxious, 2. Discipline, train, drill, break in, nauseous, nauseating, sickening, repul- habituate to practice. sive, revolting, vile. 3. Practise, pursue, carry on. Execrate, v. a. 1. Curse, imprecate ill 4. Task, try, afflict, pain, make unupon. easy. 2. Abominate, detest, hate, abhor. Exercise, v. is. Labor, work, make exExecration, n. 1. Curse, malediction, ertion, take exercise. ban, anathema, imprecation of evil. Exert, v. a. EXERCISE, use, put forth, 2. Detestation, abhorrence, abomi- put in action, bring into operation, set nation, horror, hateful thing. to work. Execute, v; a. 1. Accomplish, effect, Exert one's self, Labor, toil, strive, effectuate, perform, do, consummate, endeavor, work,.take pains, bestir one's finish, complete, achieve, carry out, self, fall to work, work with a will; carry through, carry into effect, work leave no stone unturned, do one's best. out. Exertion, n. Effort, endeavor, struggle, 2. Put to death (in pzursuance of a attempt, trial, strain, stretch. judicial sentence). Exfoliate, v. is. Scale off, shell off, peel 3. Sign, seal, and deliver (as a off, fall off in scales. deed). Exfoliation, an. 1. (Miin.) Separation Execution, n. 1. Performance, opera- in scales or laminwe. tion, accomplishment, achievement, 2. (MA1ed.) Desquamation. completion, consummation. Exhalation, n. 1. Evaporation, emis2. Effect, something done. sion of vapor. 3. Mode of performance. 2. Vapor, fume, effluvium, steam, 4. Writ or warrant (for cacrrying out reek, smoke, fog. a judgment or sentence). Exhale, v. a. Emit, evaporate, breathe, 5. Capital punishment, punishment emit in vapor, throw off in effluvia. of death. Exhale, v. ni. Fly off, pass off, be evapExecutive, a. Executory, not legisla- orated, be exhaled. tive. Exhaust, v. a. 1. Drain, empty. Executive, n. Governor, chief magis- 2. Expend, spend, waste, squander, trate. consume, destroy, lavish, dissipate, fritExecutory, a. 1. Executive. ter away, run out. 2. (Law.) To be executed. 3. Prostrate, cripple, weaken, enerExegesis, in. 1. Exegetics, science of vate, debilitate, disable, deprive of interpretation. strength, wear out. 2. Interpretation, exposition, expla- Exhaustless, a. Inexhaustible. nation. Exhibit, v. a. 1. Show, display, present Exegetic, a. Explanatory, exposi- to view, offer for inspection. Exegetical,) tory. - 2. Manifest, express, indicate, disExegetics, i. Exegesis, science of inter- close, make known, bring to notice, pretation. bring into view, point out, set forth. Exelnplar, is. Pattern, model, copy, 3. (Law.) Offer, present, propose. example, prototype, archetype. 4. (SMed.) Administer (m7edicinze). Exemplary, a. 1. Meritorious, good, Exhibition, n. 1. Display, show, maniworthy, worthy of imitation, fit for a festation. pattern. 2. Exposition, laying open to public 2. Monitory, warning. view.

Page  148 EXHILARATE 148 EXPEDITION 3. (Eng. Universities). Allowance, Exordirum, n. [L. pi. Exordia; Eng. pension, benefaction. pt. Exordiumzs.] Introduction, opening, 4. (Med.) Administration (of e7edi- preamble, preface, priem, prelude, procine). logue. Exhilarate, v. a. Cheer, ellliven, in- Exosmose, spirit, inspire, animate, elate, gladden, Exosmosis, fL Transudation. make merry, make glad or joyous. Exoteric, a. Public, open, not priExhilarating gas, Nitrous oxide, pro- Exoterical, vate, not esoteric. toxide of nitrogen, laughing gas. Exotic, a Foreign, extraneous, not Exhilaration, n. 1. Cheering, enliven- Exotical, indigenous, not native. ing, animating. Expand, v. a. 1. Spreacd, open, unfold, 2. Animation, gayety, hilarity, glee, evolve, lay open, spread out. cheer, gladness, joyousness, cheerful- 3. Dilate, distend, swell, fill out, blow ness, good humor, good spirits, high np. spirits. 3. Extend, enlarge, increase, diffuse. Exhort, v. a. Urge, incite, stimulate, Expand, v.?. 1. Open, be unfolded, be persuade, encourage to do well. spread out. Exhort, v. a. Give exhortation, offer 3. Dilate, be distended, increase in advice. bulk. Exhortation, a. 1. Advice, counsel. Expanse, s. 1. Extent, expansion, ex2. Persuasive discourse. panded surface. Exhortative, a. Exhortatory, horta- 3. Firmament, arch of the sky. tory. Expansion, an. 1. Expanding, spreadExhortatory, a. Exhortative, horta-. ing, opening. tory. 2. Dilatation, distension, swelling. Exhumation, an. Disinterment. 3. Enlargement, increase, diffusion. Exhume, v7. a. Disinter, unbury. 4. Extent, expanse. Exigence, t i. 1. Demand, urgency, Expansive, a. Diffsive. Exigency, necessity, need, want, re- Expatiate, v.?. 1. Rove at large, range quirement. at will, take a wide survey. 2. Emergency, crisis, strait, conjunc- 2. Dilate, enlarge, descant, launch tured, quandary, pass, pinch, nonplus, out. critical situation, pressing necessity. Expatriate, v. a. Banish, exile, ostraExigent, a. Urgent, pressing. cize, proscribe, expel (fr'om one's counExiguity, n. Smallness, slenderness, try). fineness, exility. Expatriation, i. "Exile, banishientt, Exile, n. 1. Banishment, expatriation, proscription, expulsion (from one's ostracism, proscription, expulsion (from? cotzntry). one's country). Expect, v. a. 1. Await, wait for. 2. Banished person. 3. Anticipate, look for, look forward Exile, v. a. Banish, expatriate, ostra- to, count upon, reckon upon, calculate cize, proscribe, expel (from one's cout- upon, rely upon. try/). 3. HoPE, hope for. Exility, n. Slenderness, fineness, small- Expectance, n. Expectation, hope, exness, exiguity. pectancy. Exist, v. a. 1. Be, subsist, have being. Expectancy, a'. 1. Expectation, hope, 2. Live, breathe, have life, be alive. expectance. 3. Continue, remain, endure. 3. (Law.) Abeyance, prospect. Existence, se. 1. Being, entity. Expectant, a. Waiting. 2. Life, animation. Expectation, n. 1. Anticipation, pros3. Continuance, duration. pect, expectance, expectancy. Exit, is.'1. Departure, withdrawal. 2. Hope, trust, reliance, confidence, 2. Egress, passage out. assurance, presumption. Exodus, na. Departure (fronm a couen- Expectorate, v. a. Hawk up, cough up. try). Expedience, a1. 1. Fitness, propriety, Exonerate, v. a. Exculpate, absolve, Expediency, suitableness, advisabilacquit, clear, release, discharge, justify, ity, desirableness. vindicate, let off. 2. Advantage, profit, utility. Exoneration, n. Discharge, exculpa- Expedient, a. 1. Fit, proper, suitable, tion, acquittal, release, clearance, justi- advisable, desirable. fication, vindication. 2. Advantageous, profitable, useful, Exorbitance, a. Extravagance, enor- for one's advantage, for one's interest. Exorbitancy, I mity, excess. Expedient, n. Shift, resource, resort, Exorbitant, a. Extravagant, inordi- contrivance, means. nate, excessive, enormous, unreason- Expedite, v. a. Hasten, accelerate, desable. patch, speed, hurry, quicken, precipiExorcise, v. a. 1. Drive away (by con- tate, forward, advance, press forward,.jurations), cast out. urge forward, press on, urge on. 2. Deliver from malignant spirits, Expedition, it. 1. Haste, speed, despurify from evil influence. patch, celerity, quickness, promptness, Exorcism, a. Spell, charm, incanta- alacrity, alertness. tion. 2. Enterprise, undertaking.

Page  149 EXPEDITIOUS 149 EXPRESS Expeditious, a. 1. Speedy, quick, hasty. Explanatory, a. Illustrative, elucida2. Prompt, swift, punctual, diligent, tive, expository, serving to explain. nimble, alert. Expletive, a. Superfluous, redundant. Expel, v. a. 1. Eject, dislodge, drive Expletive, n. Expletive word or sylout, force away. lable. 2. Banish, exile, expatriate, ostra- Explicable, a. Explainable. cize, proscribe. Explication, ln. Interpretation, explanExpend, v. a. 1. Disburse, spend, lay ation, exposition, illustration. out. Explicit, a. Express, clear, plain, posi2. Use, employ. tive, definite, determinate, categorical, 3. Exhaust, consume, waste, dissi- unambiguous, unreserved. pate. Explode, v. a. 1. Discharge, burst, disExpenditure, it. 1. Disbursement. plode, detonate. 2. Expense, cost, charge, outlay. 2. Discard, repudiate, scout, scorn, Expense, n. Cost, charge, expenditure, contemn, cry down, treat with conoutlay. tempt, bring into disrepute. Expensive, a. 1. Lavish, extravagant, Explode, v. is. Burst, displode, detowasteful. nate, be discharged. 2. Dear, costly, high-priced, of great Exploit, is. Act (especially at heroic price. act), deed, feat, achievement. Experience, nA. 1. Trial, proof, test, Exploration, ni. Examination, scrupractice. tiny, inquiry, research, inquisition. 2. Knowledge (gained from trial or Explore, v. a. Examine, scrutinize, inpractice), experimental knowledge, vestigate, search into, inquire into, pry practical wisdom. into. Experience, v. a. Try, feel, undergo, Explosion, i. Burst, bursting, detonaendure, put to the proof (of dee's own tion, blast, clap, pop, crack, sudden sensations), prove by trial, have prac- discharge. tical acquaintance with. Exponent, n. Index, representative. Experienced, a. Practised, instructed, Export, v. a. Send out (merchandise accomplished, thoroughbred, versed, front one cotuntry to another), carry out, qualified, able. send abroad. Experiment, n. Trial, test, examina- Export, ia. Commodity exported. tion, assay, proof, touchstone, ordeal. Expose, v. a. 1. Disclose, uncover, deExperiment, v. n. Make experiment, tect, descry, lay open, make bare, show make trial. up, bring to light. Experimental, a. 1. Empiric, empiri- 2. Exhibit, hold up to view. cal, experiential, from experience. 3. Subject, make liable. 2. Tentative, in the way of experi- 4. Endanger, jeopardize, put in danment. ger, put in peril. Expert, a. Adroit, dexterous, ready, Expose, n. [Fr.] Exposition, formal prompt, quick, apt, clever, able, skilful. statement. Expert, is. Experienced person, person Exposition, n. 1. Exposure, disclosing, specially versed (in a given subject). laying open. IExpiate, v. a. Atone for, do penance 2. Explanation, interpretation, elufor, make satisfaction or reparation cidation, explication, EXPOSE. for. 3. Exhibition, show, display. Expiation, is. Atonement, satisfaction, Expositor, is. Expounder, explainer, reparation. interpreter. Expiration, n. 1. Emission of breath. Expository, a. Explanatory, illustra2. Death, decease, demise. tive, exegetical, elucidative. 3. Termination, cessation, close, end, Expostulate, v. nt. Remonstrate, reaconclusion. son earnestly (for dissuasion), urge Expire, v. a. Breathe out, emit from reasons (against any course). the lungs. Expostulation, n. Remonstrance. Expire, v. n. 1. DIE, decease, draw the Exposure, n. 1. Exposition, disclosing, last breath. laying open. 2. End, terminate, cease, conclude, 2. Position (with reference to the come to an efid. 1points of the coinpass). Explain, v. a. Interpret, elucidate, ex- Expound, v. a. Explain, unfold, interpound, illustrate, unfold, solve, ECLAIR- pret, elucidate, clear up, lay open, make CIZE, clear up, make plain, throw light plain. upon. Expounder, n. Interpreter. Explain, v. n. Account, give a reason, Express, v. a. 1. Squeeze out, press out. give an explanation. 2. Utter, speak, declare, assert, set Explainable, a. Explicable, that may forth, give vent to, give utterance to. be explained. 3. Represent, indicate, show, signify, Explanation, it. 1. Interpretation, exhibit, denote. elucidation, illustration, exposition, de- 4. Send by express. scription, explication, CLAVIS, key. Express, a. Explicit, clear, plain, defi2. Sense, meaning, acceptation. lite, positive, determinate, categorical, 3. Mutual understanding. not ambiguous, clearly stated.

Page  150 EXPRESS 150 EXTRA Express, n. 1. Messenger (for a special Extensile, a. Extensible, extendible. purpose), courier. Extension, n. Expansion, dilatation, 2. Message, despatch. enlargement, increase, augmentation. 3. Speedy conveyance. Extensive, a. Wide, large, broad, comExpressage, n. Charge for any thing prehensive, capacious, extended, exsent by express. panded. Expression, i. 1. Squeezing out, press- Extent, it. 1. Expansion, expanse, aming out. plitude. 2. Utterance, declaration, assertion. 2. Bulk, size, magnitude, volume. 3. Phrase, terms, form of words, 3. Length, reach, stretch, compass. mode of speech. Extenuate, v. a. 1. Lessen, diminish, 4. Aspect, look, appearance of the reduce in size or bulk. face. 2. Palliate, mitigate, qualify, excuse, 5. Lively representation, effective apologize for. exhibition. Extenuation, n. 1. Diminution, abateExpressive, a. 1. Significant, indica- ment, mitigation. tive. 2. Palliation, excuse, apology. 2. Emphatic, strong, forcible, ener- Exterior, a. 1. Outward, external, getic, lively, vivid. outer, outside, superficial. Express one's self, 1. Speak or write, 2. Extrinsic, foreign, from without. utter one's self, make known one's Exterior, it. 1. Outside, outer part, opinions, sentiments, or feelings. outer surface. 2. Speak one's mind, say one's 2. Outward appearance. say. Exterminate, a. a. 1. Extirpate, eradExpullsion, n. i. Expelling, driving icate, uproot, annihilate, destroy, abolout. ish, root out, put an end to. 2. Ejection, extrusion, banishment. 2. (iMath.) Eliminate. Expunge, v. a. Erase, efface, obliterate, Extermination, nt. 1. Extirpation, cancel, blot out, strike out, rub out, eradication, annihilation, destruction, wipe out. extinction, abolition, excision. Expurgate,v. a. Purify, purge, cleanse. 2. (Math.) Elimination. Expurgation, n. Purification, cleans- Extern, n. 1. Day-scholar. ing. 2. [Rare.] Exterior, outward part. Exquisite, a. 1. Nice, exact, accurate, External, a. 1. Outward, outer, exdiscriminating, delicate, refined. terior, outside, superficial. 2. Select, choice, excellent, rare, val- 2. Extrinsic, foreign, from without. uable, precious. 3. Visible, apparent. 3. Consummate, complete, perfect, Externals,'i. pl. Outside, outward matchless. parts, things as seen, visible forms. 4. Acute, intense, poignant, keen. Extinct, a. 1. Extinguished, quenched, Exquisite, it. Dandy, fop, beau, popin- put out. jay, jackanapes, SWELL, man-milliner, 2. Ended, terminated, closed, brought man of dress, vain fellow. v to an end, no longer existing. Exsiccate, v. a. Dry, desiccate, make Extinction, n. 1. Extinguishment. dry, dry up. 2. Destruction, annihilation, extirExtant, a. Existing, undestroyed, in pation, extermination, excision, abolibeing, in existence, not lost. tion, abolishment. Extemporaneous, a. Unpremeditated, Extinguish, v. a. 1. Quench, put off-lhand, extemporary, extempore. out. Extemporary, a. Unpremeditated, off- 2. Destroy, suppress. hand, extemporaneous, extempore. Extinguishlent, it. 1. Quenching. Extelnpore, ad. [L.] Suddenly, without 2. Destruction, suppression, extincpremeditation, without preparation, in tion, abolition, abolisinhment. an offllhand manner, on the spur of the Extirpate, v. a. Eradicate, uproot, exmoment. terminate, annihilate, destroy, abolish, Extempore, a. [L.] Extemporary, ex- root out. temporaneous. Extirpation, n. Eradication, extermniExtemporize, v. n.'Speak extempore, nation, annihilation, destruction, exspeak without notes, speak without tinction, excision, abolition. premeditation, make an off-hand speech Extol, v. a. Praise, laud, applaud, magor address. nify, exalt, celebrate, glorify, commend Extend, v. a. 1. Stretch out, reach out, highly. reach forth. Extoller, a. Praiser, panegyrist, en2. Prolong, continue, lengthen out, comiast, eulogist. protract. Extort, a. a. Exact, wrest, wring, 3. Expand, dilate, enlarge, widen, wrench, force, get by force. augment, increase, fill out. Extortion, ii. Exaction, illegal com4. Diffuse, spread abroad. pulsion. 5. Offer, yield, give, impart. Extortionate, a. Oppressive, exacting, Extend, v. it. Stretch, reach, spread. severe, hard, rigorous. Extendible, a. Extensible, extensile. Extra, a. 1. Additional. Extensible, a. Extendible, extensile. 2. Unusual, extraordinary.

Page  151 EXTRACT 151 -FABLER Extract, v. a. 1. Draw out, pull out, clear, disembarrass, relieve, liberate, take out. deliver, free, set free. 2. Derive (by chenzicalprocess). Extrication, n. Disentanglement, lib3. Select (from a literary woorlk), cite, eration, release, relief, deliverance. quote. Extrinsic, a. External, outward, 4. (Math.) Determine or find (a root). Extrinsical, extraneous, foreign, not Extract, a. 1. Quotation, citation, ex- intrinsic. cerpt, passage quoted. Extrude, v. a. Expel, eject, oust, dis2. (MPed.) Inspissated infusion or lodge, force out, thrust out. decoction. Extrusion, i. Expulsion, ejection. Extraction, n. 1. Drawing out. Exuberance, n. Overgrowth, luxuri2. Lineage, descent, birth, origin, ance, superabundance, superfluity, progenealogy, parentage. fusion, copiousness, excess, rankness, 3. (Math.) Determination (of a root). overgrowth. Extradition, l. Delivery or surrender Exuberant, a. Over-abundant, rank, (of fugitives from justice by one na- copious, plenteous, full, plentiful, amtton to another). pie, replete, liberal, lavish. Extraneous, a. Foreign, extrinsic. Exudation, n. Excretion, secretion, Extraordinary, a. Remarkable, un- sweating, perspiration, transudation, usual, signal, uncommon, singular, oozing. egregious, rare, extra, out of the way, Exude, v. a. Excrete, secrete,-discharge unheard of, more than common. (by pores), throw out. Extravagance, it. 1. Excess, exorbi- Exude, v. it. Transude, ooze, be extance, enormity, unreasonableness, pre- creted, be secreted, pass by pores. posterousness. Exult, v. it. Triumph, chuckle, crow, 2. Irregularity, wildness, folly, ab- rejoice (for success or victory), leap for surdity. joy, be in transport. 3. Prodigality, profusion, waste. Exultant, a. Exulting, triumphing, joyExtravagant, a. 1. Excessive, inor- ous, jubilant, transported, elated. dinate, exorbitant, unreasonable, pre- Exultation,-.. Joy (for success or vicposterous. tory), transport, elation, delight, tri2. Irregular, wild, foolish, absurd. umph. 3. Wasteful, lavish, profuse, prodigal, Exuviie, n. pl. Remains (of animals, as too liberal, too bountiful. skins, shells, &c.). Extravasated, a. Effused, forced out Eye, i. 1. Organ of sight, organ of (of ducts or vessels). vision. Extravasation, a. Effusion (fron ducts -2. Sight, view, estimate, judgment. or vessels). 3. Watch, notice, vigilance, observaExtrelne, a. 1. Outermost, utmost, tion, inspection. farthest, uttermost, most distant, most 4. Perforation, aperture, eyelet. remote. 5. Bud, shoot. 2. Greatest, highest, of the highest Eye, v. a. Watch, observe, view, look degree, of the rarest kind. on, fix the eye on, keep in view, have an 3. Last, final, ultimate. eye on. Extreme, si. End, extremity. Eyebright, n. Euphrasy (Euphrasia Extremes, n. pl. 1. Extremities, ter- oflicinalis). minal points. Eyelet, in. Perforation, aperture, eye, 2. (Logic.) Subject and predicate. eyelet-hole. 3. (Math.) First and last terms (of Eyelet-hole, n. Eyelet. a proportion). Eyesight, in. 1. Vision, sense of seeing. Extremity, n. 1. End, termination, 2. View, observation, inspection. verge, border, extreme. Eye-tooth, a. Canine tooth, cuspidate 2. Utmost point, highest degree. tooth. 3. Utmost distress, greatest diffi- Eye-water, n. COLLYRIUM, wash or culty. lotion for the eyes. Extricate, v. a. Disengage, disentangle, Eyry, n. Nest (of a bird of prey). F Fabian, a. Dilatory, inactive, procras- 3. Fiction, falsehood, lie, untruth, tinating, delaying. forgery, invention, fabrication, figment, Fable, n. 1. Story (fictitious), tale, para- coinage of the brain. ble, APOLOGUE, ALLEGORY, myth, le- Fable, v. a. Feign, write fiction. gend. Fable, v. a. Feign, invent. 2. Plot, action, series of events. Fabler, n. Fabulist, writer of fables.

Page  152 FABRIC 152 FAIL Fabric, n. 1. Building, structure, edi- 2. Tumult, discord, dissension, disfice, pile. agreement. 2. Texture, conformation, make, Factious, a. Turbulent, seditious, reworkmanship. fractory, given to faction. 3. Manufactured cloth. Factitious, a. Artificial, made by art, Fabricate, v. a. 1. Frame, construct, not natural. build. Factor, n. 1. Agent, broker, substitute, 2. Manufacture, make. consignee, middleman, go-between, 3. Invent, feign, forge, coin. commission merchant. Fabrication, n. 1. Construction. 2. (Mllath.) Multiplier, element of a 2. Manufacture. product. 3. Invention, fiction, forgery, false- Factory, n. 1. Residence of factors. hood, figment, coinage of the brain. 2. Body of factors. Fabulist, n.' Fabler, writer of fables. 3. Manufactory, mill, manufacturing Fabulous, a. Invented, feigned, tic- establishment. titious, not real. Factotum, n. Doer of all work, jack]Facade, n. [Fr.] Front (of a building), at-all-trades. face, elevation, front view. Faculty, n. 1. Power, capability, caFace, ns..1. Surface, external part. pacity, ingenuity, competency, endow2. Visage, countenance. ment, gift, virtue, property, quality, 3. Front, front part. talent, forte. 4. Look, appearance, semblance, ex- 2. Skill, skilfulness, ability, ableness, ternal aspect. dexterity, adroitness, expertness, ad5. Confidence, assurance, boldness, dress, cleverness, aptitude, aptness, impudence, audacity, effrontery, brass, knack, turn, quickness, readiness, faCHEEK. cility. Face, v. a. 1. Confront, meet in front, 3. Department, profession, craft. meet face to face. 4. (Law.) Privilege, license, right. 2. Front, stand opposite to, stand over Fade, a. [Fr.] Weak, flat, insipid. against. Fade, v. a. 1. Vanish, disappear, evan3. Put a face or surface on. esce, pass away, be seen no more. Face, v. n. Front, turn the face. 2. Decline, droop, languish, decay, Face-guard, n. BEAVER. wither. Face to face, 1. Confronting one 3. Lose color, lose lustre, grow dim. another. Fadeless, a. Unfading. 2. Close, side by side, cheek by jowl, Fadge, v. n. [Low.] Suit, fit, be suitin close proximity, TETE-X-TETE. able. 3. Immediately, without any thing Foeces, n. 1. Sediment, dregs, lees, setinterposing. tliags. Facet, n. Small face or surface. 2. Excrement, clung, ordure, alvine Facetite, n. pl. [L.] Witticisms, jokes, discharges. pleasantry, witty sayings, sallies of Fag, v. ns. 1. Droop, sink, flag, grow wit. weary, become fatigued, be tired. Facetious, a. Witty, jocular, jocose, 2. Drudge, toil (in menial service). humorous, waggish, funny, comical, Fag, v. a. 1. Beat, thump. pleasant, merry, sportive, droll. 2. Compel to drudge. Facile, a. 1. Easy, not difficult, not ]Fag, n. [Especially applied in England hard. to a school-boy who does menial service 2. Mild, courteous, affable, nothaugh- for another.] Drudge, menial, slave. ty, not austere. Fagged, a. Wearied, tired, fatigued, 3. Pliant, pliable, flexible, ductile, exhausted, jaded, used up, knocked up, yielding, tractable, manageable, easily beat out. persuaded. Fagot, n. Bundle of sticks. Facilitate, v. a. Make easy, render less Fail, v. n. 1. Fall short, come short, be difficult. insufficient, be deficient, be wanting. Facility, n. 1. Easiness (in doing any 2. Decline, sink, decay, wane, fade, thing), ease. give out. 2. Readiness, dexterity, expertness, 3. Cease, disappear, become extinct, quickness, knack, ability. be wanting. 3. Affability, condescension, corn- 4. Miss, miscarry, be unsuccessful, be plaisance, urbanity, civility, politeness. frustrated, end in smoke, come to noth4. Pliancy, ductility, flexibility. ing, fall still-born, flash in the pan, 5. Means, resource, appliance, con- miss fire, miss stays, fall to the ground. venience, advantage. 5. Omit, neglect. Fac-simile, is. Exact copy. 6. Break, become insolvent, become Fact, n. 1. Incident, event, occurrence, bankrupt, suspend payment. circumstance, act, deed, performance, Fail, v. a. Disappoint, be wanting to, thing done. not be sufficient for, not answer the 2. Reality, act, actuality, certainty, expectation of. real existence. ]Fail, n2. [Used only in the expression Faction, n. 1. Combination (against a without fail.] Omission, neglect, failgovernment), cabal, junto, clique, party. ure, delinquency.

Page  153 'FAILING 153 FAL'L IN Failing, n. 1. Decline, decay. Faithful,- a. 1. Trustworthy, trusty, 2. Miscarriage, failure. true, constant, loyal. 3. Fault, foible, frailty, lapse, error, 2. Truthful, RELIAB3LE, worthy of slip, shortcoming, imperfection, de- credit, worthy of belief, to be relied on, ficlency, defect, weakness, infirmity, to be depended upon. weak side, blind side. 3. Exact, strict, conscientious, accuFailure, ni. 1. Deficiency, defective- rate, close, nice. ness, shortcoming. Faithless, a. 1. Unbelieving. 2. Omission, neglect, FAIL, non-per- 2. Perfidious, treacherous, false, unformance, non-observance. truthful, truthless. 3. Miscarriage, botch, ill success, Faithlessness, s. 1. Unbelief. flash in the pan, labor for one's pains, 2. Perfidy, treachery. losing gamle, wild-goose chase, sleeve- Falcate, a. (Bot.) Hooked, sickleless errand. Falcated, J shaped. 4. Insolvency, bankruptcy, suspen- Falchion, n. Cimeter. sion of payment. Falcon, n. Hawk. 5. Decay, decline, declension, loss. Fall, v. in. 1. Drop, descend, sink, drop Fain, a. Glad, pleased, rejoiced, well- down. pleased. 2. Be prostrated, fall down. Fain, ad. Gladly, joyful, with pleasure, 3. Sink, be lowered, be depressed. with joy. 4. Decrease, decline, be diminished, Faint, v;. i1. 1. Swoon, faint away. become less, die away. 2. Languish, grow weak, fail in vigor, 5. Sin, err, transgress, lapse, trip, lose strength. trespass, commit a fault, do amiss, go 3. Be disheartened, be discouraged, astray. be dejected, be depressed, lose courage, 6. Die, perish, come to destruction. be dispirited, be down-hearted, sink into 7. Empty, disembogue, flow, be disdejection. charged. Faint, a. 1. Swooning, fainting away. 8S. Happen, befall, come. 2. Weak, feeble, drooping, exhausted, 9. Become (siclk, asleep, itn love, &c.). languid. 10. Pass, be transferred. 3. Small, little, slight, inconsiderable. 11. Be dropped, be uttered carelessly. 4. Dim, dull, not bright, not vivid. Fall, nl. 1. Descent, dropping. 5. Fearful, timid, timorous, cowardly, 2. Tumble, falling. dastardly, faint-hearted. 3. Cataract, cascade, waterfall. 6. Dejected, depressed, dispirited, 4. Extent of descent. disheartened, discouraged. 5. Destruction, death, ruin, overFaint a way, Swoon, faint. throw, downfall. Faint-hearted, a. Timid, timorous, 6. Degradation, loss of eminence. fearful, cowardly, dastardly, faint. 7. Apostasy, loss of innocence. Fair, a. 1. Spotless, unspotted, untar- 8. Diminution, decrease, decline. nished, unblemished, unstained. 9. Sinking (of the voice), cadence, 2. White, light, blonde. close. 3. Handsome, comely, beautiful. 10. Discharge (of a river), disem4. Pleasant, clear, cloudless, not boguement. cloudy, not overcast. 11. Autumn, fall of the leaf. 5. Favorable, prosperous. 12. Declivity, slope, inclination. 6. Promising, hopeful. Fallacious, a. Deceptive, delusive, de7. Open, distinct, plain, unobstructed, ceiving, illusive, illusory, misleading, unincumbered. disappointing, false. 8. Frank, honest, candid, ingenuous, Fallacy, n. 1. Illusion, deception, deequitable, just, honorable, upright, im- ceit, delusion, mistake, error, misconpartial, unbiassed. ception, misapprehension. 9. Reasonable, proper. 2. Sophism, sophistry, deceitful ar10. Pretty good, more than middling, gument. above mediocrity. Fall alnong, Come among, happen to Fair play, Justice, equity, fairness, be among, happen to be in the company equitable treatment. of. Fair-spoken, a. Civil, courteous, oily, Fall away, 1. Pine, grow lean, be bland, smooth, plausible. emaciated, lose flesh. Fairy, ss. Fay, elf, pigwidgeon. 2. Backslide, apostatize, fall off. Faith, n. 1. Belief (that pronmpts to ac- Fall back, Recede, retreat, give way. tion), credence, credit, trust, assurance, Fallibility, n. Frailty, imperfection, confidcnce, dependence, reliance. uncertainty, liability to error. 2. Creed, persuasion, tenets, dogmas, Fallible, a. Frail, imperfect, weak, doctrines, religion, system of religion. ignorant, uncertain, erring, liable to 3. Fidelity, faithfulness, truthful- error or mistake. ness, truth, constancy, loyalty. Fall in, 1. (hflil.) Come into line, form 4. Engagement, promise, word of into ranks. honor. 2. Concur, consent, agree, assent, Faith, interj.. [Colloquial.] Verily, in acquiesce, go with the stream, go with truth, by my faith, upon my word. the current.

Page  154 FALL IN WITH 154 FANTASTICAL Fall in with, 1. Meet, encounter. 3. Unceremonious, social, accessible, 2. Comply with, assent to, come unconstrained, free, easy, affable, courinto. teous, civil, polite, free and easy. ]Fall off, 1. Drop, be detached, drop 4. Well known. off. Familiarity, n. 1. Acquaintance, fa2. Withdraw, separate. miliar knowledge. 3. Decline, wane, dwindle, decay. 2. Intimacy, fellowship, friendship, 4. Perish, die. friendliness, intercourse, good under5. Backslide, apostatize, fall away. standing. 6. (NLaut.) Go to leeward. Familiarize, v. a. Accustom, habituate, Fall on, 1. Drop on, descend upon. inure, use, train. 2. Attack, assault, assail, rush upon, Family, is. 1. Household. fall upon. 2. Lineage, race, tribe, clan, kindred, Fall out, 1. QUARREL, wrangle. house, line of ancestors. 2. Happen, befall, chance. 3. Order, group of genera. Fallow, a. 1. Pale red or pale yellow. Famnine, n. Dearth, scarcity of food. 2. Untilled, unsowed. Famish, v. a. 1. Starve, kill with Fallow, it. Untilled land. hunger. Fall to loggerheads, Come to blows, 2. Distress with hunger, exhaust go to loggerheads. by hunger. Fallow-chat, is. FALLOW-FIN-CH. ]Famish, v. is. 1. Starve, die of hunger, Fallow-finch, ni. (Enanthe, wheat ear perish for want of food. (Motacilla caenanthe).. 2. Be distressed by hunger. Fall short, Fail, be deficient. Famuous, a. 1. Celebrated, renowned, Fall to, Begin, set about, apply one's distinguished, illustrious, eminent, reself to. markable, famed, far-famed. Fall under, 1. Come under, be subject 2. Noted, notorious, signal, conspicto, be subjected to. uous. 2. Be classed with, be reckoned with, Fanatic, nz. Enthusiast (especially on0 be included in. religiouzs subjects), visionary, zealot., Fall upon, FALL ON. Fanatic, a. Enthusiastic, visionary, False, a. Untrue, not true. Fanatical, wild, mad. 2. Dishonlest, perfidious, treacherous, Fanaticism, it. Religious frenzy, irraunveracious, mendacious, faithless, tional enthusiasm. truthless, wmtruthful, disingenuous, Fanciful, a. 1. Visionary, imaginative, dishonorable, double-tongued, double- whimsical, CAPrRICIOUS. faced, false-hearted. 2. Chimerical, imaginary, ideal, fan3. Counterfeit, spurious, forged, not tastical, wild. genuine, feigned, hypocritical, clap- Fan-cricket, Is. Fen-cricket, churrtrap. worm, mole cricket (Gryllotalpa vul4. Incorrect, improper, erroneous. garis). 5. Fallacious, deceptive, deceiving, Fancy, in. 1. IMIAGINATION (as exerdeceitful, delusive, misleading, disap- cised in sportive or whimtnsical mnoords). pointing. 2. Notion, idea, thought, conception, False-hearted, a. Perfidious, treach- conceit, impression, apprehension. erous, faithless, false. 3. Liking, fondness, inclination, PENFalsehood, is. 1. Falsity, want of CHANT, taste. truth, inconformity to fact or truth. 4. Caprice, humor, whim, crotchet, 2. Untruth, lie, fib, fabrication, fic- quirk, freak, vagary, whimsey, maggot, tion, false assertion. fantasy, odd fancy. 3. Imposture, counterfeit, cheat. Fancy, v. n. Imagine, think, suppose, Falsetto, is. Head voice. believe, take it into one's head. Falsify, v. a. i. Belie, misrepresent, Fancy, v. a. 1. Conceive, imagine, form misstate, garble, represent falsely. a conception of, figure to-one's self. 2. Disprove, prove to be false. 2. Like, be pleased with, have a fancy 3. Violate, break by falsehood. for. Falsify, v. it. Lie, tell lies or falsehoods, Fancy, a. 1. Imaginative, of the fancy. violate the truth. 2. Ornamental (rather thans useful), Falsity, iz. Falsehood, want of truth, elegant, fine, nice. inconformity to fact or truth. Fane, n2. [Poetical.] Temple, church. Falter, v. no. 1. Hesitate (in, speech), Fanfare, n. [Fr.] Flourish of trumpets. stammer, stutter. Fanfaronade, an. Bluster, swaggering, 2. Fail, waver, tremble, totter. boasting, bragging, bullying, BLATHERFame, is. 1. Rumor, report, bruit, hear- SKITE. say. Fang, n. 1. Tusk, pointed tooth. 2. Reputation, celebrity, glory, re- 2. Claw, talon, nail. nown, honor, credit, NOTORIETY. Fantasia, i. (MIus.) Fantastical air.,Familiar, a. 1. Conversant, well ac- Fantastic, /a. 1. Imaginary, fanciquainted, well versed. Fantastical,) ful, ideal, chimerical, 2. Intimate, close, near, frielndly, visionary, not real. amicable. fraternal, cordial, on a 2. Whimsical, capricious, odd, queer, friendly footing, on friendly terms. BIZARRE, strange, wild.

Page  155 FANTASY 155 FASTEN ]Fantasy, n. Caprice, whim, whimsey, Farther, ad. 1. Beyond, FURTHER, FANCY. more remotely, to or at a greater disFar, a. Remote, distant, not near. tance. Far, ad. 1. To a great distance. 2. Moreover, besides, furthermore. 2. Almost, well-nigh, in great part. Farther, a. 1. Further, more remote, 3. Very much, in a great degree. at a greater distance. Far and near, Everywhere, far and 2. Additional. wide, from Dan to Beersheba, from Farthest, ad. Furthest, to or at the Maine to Georgia, from China to Peru, greatest distance. from pole to pole, from one end of the Farthest, a. Furthest, remotest, most earth to the other. remote. Far other, Very different. Farthing, ia. Fourth part of a penny. Farce, it. 1. Burlesque, caricature, Farthingale, a. Crinoline, hoop, hooptravesty, parody, after-piece, low com- skirt. edy, ludicrous representation. Fascinate, v. a. Charm, enchant, be2. Mere show, ridiculous pageantry, witch, enrapture, entrance, captivate, empty parade. catch, delight, enamour. Farcical, a. Droll, ludicrous, ridicu- Fascination, in. Enchantment, spell, lous. charm, witchery, witchcraft, magic, Fare, v. i. 1. Go, pass, travel, jour- sorcery. ney. Fash, v. a. Vex, tease, plague, harass, 2. Be situated (with respect to what torment, perplex, trouble, worry. may befall one), be treated. Fash, is. Trouble, care, anxiety, vex3. Feed, be entertained. ation. Fare, n. 1. Charge (for conveyance of a Fashion, a. 1. Form, figure, shape, person), passage money, price of a make, cut, cast, stamp, mould, pattern, ticket. model, appearance, conformation, con2. FOOD, provisions, victuals, com- figuration. mons. 2. Way, manner, method, sort. 3. Quantity of fish caught. 3. Custom (particularly as respects Farewell, ad. or interj. Adieu, good- dress), mode, style, usage, convelrtionby. ality, conventionalism, general pracFarewell, i. 1. Adieu, valediction, tice. leave-taking. 4. Gentility, genteel life. 2. Leave. Fashion, v. a.1. Form, shape, mouldl, Far-famed, a. Illustrious, celebrated, carve, make, give figure to. renowned, eminent, distinguished, fa- 2. Adapt, accommodate, fit, suit, admous, famed. just. Far-fetched, a. Recondite, abstruse, Fashionable, a. 1. Genteel, STYLISIH, forced, strained, catachrestic, studious- modish, in fashion, in vogue, A LA ly sought. MODE, the rage, having a run. lFarina, se. 1. Flour or meal (of grai 2:. Customary, usual, prevailing, curor starchy roots). rent. 2. (Cheml.) Starch, fecula. Fast, v. n. Abstain from food, forbear 3. (Boet.) Pollen. eating, go without food, go hungry. Farinaceous, a. 1. Yielding farina or Fast,?n. 1. Fasting, abstinence from flour. food. 2. Mealy. 2. Fast day, day of fasting, banyan Farm, n. Landed estate. day. Farm, v. a. 1. Let out (land, revenues, 3. Time of fasting. ec. ). 4. Rope (tofasten a vessel to a harf ). 2. Take on lease (land, revenu2es, Fast, a. 1. Fastened, fixed, close, &c. ). tight. 3. Cultivate (land). 2. Immovable, firm. Farsn, v. n. Till the soil, carry on a 3. Constant, steadfast, stanch. farm, do farmer's work. 4. Fortified, strong, impregnable. Farmer, is. 1. Agriculturist, husband- 5. Sound, deep, profound. man, cultivator of the soil. 6. Swift, quick, fleet, rapid. 2. Collector, tax-gatherer; lessee of 7. Dissipated, wild, giddy, reckless, taxes, custom, &c. thoughtless, thriftless, extravagant. Farming, is. Agriculture, husbandry. Fast, ad. 1. Firmly, tightly, immovFarrago, i. Medley, mixture, jumble, ably. hodge-podge, hotch-potch, ealmagundi, 2. Swiftly, quickly, rapidly. olio, gallimaufry, olla-podrida. 3. Extravagantly, prodigally, reckFarrier, n. 1. Shoer of horses. lessly, wildly. 2. Horse-doctor, horse-leech, veteri- Fast and loose, Variable, inconstant, nary surgeon. fickle, uncertain. Farriery, it. 1. Art or business of shoe- Fast day, a. Fast, day of fasting, baning horses. yan day. 2. Veterinary art. Fasten, v. a. 1. Secure, bind, BELAY, Farrow, it. Litter of pigs. BEND, tie, attach, make fast. Far-sighted, a. Long-sighted. 2. Join, unite, hold together.

Page  156 FASTEN 156 FAY Fasten, v. n. Be fixed, fix one's self. Fat-witted, a. Stupid, dull, heavy, fat. ]Fastidious, a. Squeamish, difficult, Faubourg, n. [Fr.] Suburb, environs. queasy, critical, dainty, over-nice, over- Fauces, n. pl. [L.] Posterior part of the delicate, hard to please. mouth. Fasting, n. Fast, abstinence from food. Fault, n. 1. Defect, blemish, flaw, imFastness, a. Fort, fortress, stronghold, perfection, failing. fortified place. 2. Misdeed, misdemeanor, offence, Fat, a. 1. Oleaginous, unctuous, adi- trespass, wrong, delinquency, transpose, oily, greasy, fatty. gression. 2. Plump, fleshy, corpulent, obese, 3. Mistake (of judgment), error, indisportly, pursy, not lean, not slender. cretion, slip, lapse. 3. Coarse, heavy, dull, sluggish, 4. [Rare.] Default, lack, want. stupid, fat-witted. 5. (Geol.) Dislocation, disturbance 4. Rich, profitable, lucrative. of strata. 5. Fertile, fruitful, productive, not Fault-finder, a. Censurer, objector, barren. complainer, murmurer, repiner. Fatal, a. 1. Deadly, mortal, LETHAL. Faultless, a. 1. Perfect, without blem2. Calamitous, destructive, ruinous, ish, without fault. mischievous. 2. Innocent, guiltless, blameless, Fatality, n. 1. Destiny, fate, inevita- stainless, sinless. ble necessity. Faulty, a. 1. Bad, defective, imper2. Mortality. feet. Fate, a. 1. Destiny, destination, fatali- 2. Blamable, culpable, censurable, ty, inevitable necessity. reprehensible, blameworthy, worthy of 2. Doom, lot, predetermined event. censure. 3. Death, destruction. Faun, a. Sylvan, woodland Deity. 4. Final event, ultimate fortune. Fauna, a. Animals (peculiar to a coznFated, a. Doomed, destined, appointed. try or to asz epoch). Fates,. pl. (Alyth.) Destinies. Parc n, Faunist, it. Naturalist. sister goddesses (Clotho, Lachesis, Atro- Faux pas, [Fr.] Mistake, indiscretion, poo). false step, wrong measure, act of indisFather, n. 1. Male parent. cretion. 2. Ancestor, forefather, progenitor. Faveolate, a. (Bot.) Alveolate, cellu3. Creator, maker, originator, author, lar, favose. inventor. Favillous, a. Ashy, cinereous, cineriFather, v. a. 1. Adopt. tious, like ashes. 2. Assunme the authorship of. Favor, v. a. 1. Countenance, befriend, Fatherhood, n. Fathership, paternity. encourage, patronize. Fathership, 6. Fatherhood. 2. Support, aid, help, assist. Father-land, in. Mother country, na- 3. Humor, indulge, spare. tive country, land of one's ancestors. Favor, a. 1. Kindness, friendliness Father-long-legs, 1. 1. Crane-fly, countenance, grace, kind regard, good daddy-long-legs. will, propitious aspect. 2. Shepherd spider, harvest-man. 2. Benefit, act of grace, good deed, Fatherly, a. Paternal, tender, kind. kind act. Fathership, n. Paternity, fatherhood. 3. Patronage, championship, support, Father upon, Ascribe to, attribute to, befriending, defence, vindication. impute to, lay to, charge on. 4. Letter, epistle, communication. Fatholn, a. Six feet, two yards. 5. Gift, present, token of good will. Fatholn, v. a. 1. Sound, try the depth 6. (Lasc.) Bias, partiality, prejudice. of, measure by a sounding-line. Favorable, a. 1. Propitious, friendly, 2. Divine, penetrate, reach, under- kind, auspicious, willing. stand, comprehend. 2. Conctucive, contributing. Fathomless, a. Bottomless, abysmal,' 3. Advantageous, beneficial, conveprofound. nient, suitable, adapted, fit. Fatigue, n. 1. Weariness, lassitude, Favorite, a. 1. Dear, darling, beloved. exhaustion. 2. Preferred, pet, especially liked. 2. Labor, toil, hardship. Favoritismn, n. Partiality. 3. (11il.) Extra duty (distinct from Favose, a. (Bot.) Alveolate, cellular, that of arms). faveolate. Fatigue, v. a. Tire, weary, exhaust,jade. Fawn, is. Young deer. Fatten, v. a. 1. MaIke fat. Fawn, v. n. Crouch, cringe, bow, stoop, 2. Fertilize, make fertile. kneel, creep, dangle, fall on one's knees, Fatten, v. a. Grow fat. curry favor, play the sycophant. Fatty, is. Unctuous, oleaginous, oily, Fawn upon, 1. Cringe to, crouch to, fat, adipose, greasy. truckle to. Fatuity, i. Foolishness, imbecility, 2. Flatter, wheedle, cajole, pay court idiocy, feebleness of intellect, want of to. understanding. Fawning, n. Sycophancy, servility, Fatuous, a. 1. Foolish, witless, drivel- cringing, mean flattery. ling, idiotic. Fay, is. Fairy, elf. 2. Illusory, deceptive. -Fay, v. a. Fit, suit, join closely.

Page  157 FAX 157 - FEINT Fay, v. n. Fit, lie close, make a good Feculence, n. 1. Muddiness, foulness. joint. Feeuleney,. ness, foulness. Fealty, n. Fidelity, loyalty, allegiance, 2. Lees, sediment, dregs, fneces. homage, obeisance. Feculent, a. Turbid, muddy, thick, Fear, n. 1. Alarm, trepidation, dread, foul, dreggy. apprehension, fright, affright, terror, Fecundate, v. a. Impregnate, make horror, dismay, consternation, paniC. fruitful. 2. Anxiety, solicitude, concern. Fecundation, a. Impregnation. 3. Veneration, reverence, awe, rever- Fecundity, it. Fruitfulness, fertility, ential regard. productiveness. Fear, v. a. 1. Dread, apprehend, be Federal, a. Confederate. afraid of. Federation, n. League, alliance, coa2. Reverence, venerate, stand in awe lition, union, confederation, combinaof, have a reverential regard for. tion, copartnership, federal union, fedFear, v. n. Be afraid, have apprehen- eral compact. sions, live in terror, stand aghast. Fee, n. 1. Charge (for professional serFearful, a. 1. Afraid, apprehensive, vice), compensation, pay. haunted with fear. 2. Feud, fief. 2. Timid, timorous, nervous, diffi- Fee, v. a. Pay, reward, recompense, give dent, pusillanimous, cowardly, faint- a fee to. hearted, chicken-hearted, white-livered, Feeble, a. 1. Weak, not strong. showing the white feather, easily fright- 2. Debilitated, enervated, sickly, inened. firm, languishing, languid, drooping, 3. Terrible, dreadful, frightful, dire, frail. direful. 3. Faint, imperfect, not vigorous, not 4. Awful, to be reverenced. lively. Fearless, a. Undaunted, dauntless, un- Feed, v. a. 1. Give food to, furnish with terrified, courageous, bold, intrepid, provisions, supply with nourishment. brave, valorous, valiant, gallant. 2. Supply, contribute to, provide Feasibility, it. Practicability, feasible- for. ness. 3. Nourish, cherish, sustain. Feasible, a. Practicable. Feed, v. is. 1. Eat, take food, take nourFeasibleness, n. Practicability, feasi- ishment. bility. 2. Subsist, sustain life. Feast, n. 1. Banquet, treat, entertain- ]Feed, It. Food (for beasts), provender, ment, REGALE, carousal, sumptuous fodder. repast. Feel, v. it. 1. Perceive (by the touch), 2. Festival, holiday, day of feasting, have feeling. festive celebration, joyful anniversary, 2. Be perceived (by the touch). day of rejoicing. 3. Be moved (in the affections), be ex3. Enjoyment, delight. cited, be stirred, be warmed, be wrought Feast, v. ss. Eat (plentifully), be enter- up, be impressed. tained, fare sumptuously. 4. Have the consciousness of being Feast, v. a. 1. Entertain sumptuously, (sorry, grieved, hsort, or the like). feed luxuriously. Feel, v. a. i. Touch, handle, feel of. 2. Delight, gratify, rejoice, gladden, 2. Experience, suffer or enjoy, have please highly. the sense of. Feat, n. 1. Act, deed, exploit, achieve- 3. Be affected by, be moved by. ment. 4. Sound, try, prove, put to the test. 2. Trick, act of dexterity. Feel after, Search for (by the touch), try Feather, n. 1. Plume. to find (as in the dark). 2. Kind, nature, species. Feelers, n. pl. (Zobl.) 1. Palpi. Feather-boarding, n. Weather-board- 2. Antennae, horns. ing. 3. Tentacula. Feathers, me. pl. Plumage. Feeling, a. 1. Affecting, moving, touchFeather in the cap, Honor, mark of ing, melting, pathetic. distinction. 2. Sensitive, tender. Feather one's nest, Get rich (froee Feeling, n. 1. Sense of touch. what passes through ocne's hands), pro- 2. Sensation, perception by touch. vide for one's self. 3. Sensibility, emotion, sentiment, Featly, a. Nimbly, dexterously, adroitly. passion, affection, impression. Feature, n. 1. Lineament. 4. Tenderness, susceptibility. 2. Cast of the face, turn of expres- Fee-simple, sn. (Law.) Absolute fee, sion. unconditioned tenure. 3. Fashion, make, conformation, as- Feign, v. a. 1. Invent, imagine, devise, peet, appearance. fabricate, forge. 4. Outline, prominent part. 2. Counterfeit, dissemble, affect, preFeaze, v. a. Untwist (as the end of a tend to, make a show of. rope). Feint, it. 1. Pretence, clap-trap, false Febrifugal, a. Antifebrile. appearance. Febrifuge, s. Antifebrile medicine. 2. (Mil.) Mock attack, pretended Fecula, it. Starch, farina. movement.

Page  158 FELICITATE 158 FESTIVE lFelicitate, v. a. Congratulate, wish joy Fen-cricket, n. Churr-worm, moleto, rejoice with. cricket, fan-cricket (Gr'jllotalpa valFelicitation, it. Congratulation. garis). Felicitous, a. 1. Fit, appropriate, apt, Fend off, (Naut.) Keep off, ward off, pertinent, opportune, seasonable, well- keep from collision. timed, happy, skilful, ingenious. Fennish, a. FENNY. 2. Prosperous, successful, fortunate, Fenny, a. Marshy, swampy, poggy, lucky, auspicious. fennish. Felicity,?z. 1. Bliss, blissfulness, blessed- Ferine, a. Wild (as lions, tigers, &c.), ness, happiness. untamed, ferocious, savage, fierce, rav2. Aptness, aptitude, propriety, ap- enous, rapacious. propriateness. Ferment, n. 1. Yeast, leaven, barm. 3. Success, good luck, good for- 2. Agitation, commotion, tumult, tune. state of excitement. Fell, a. Cruel, inhuman, barbarous, Ferlnent, v.a. 1. Set in motion by ferruthless, pitiless, savage, ferocious, ment. sanguinary, bloody, blood-thirsty, Van- 2. Excite, agitate, heat. dalic. IFerment, v. a1. 1. -Work, be fermented. Fell, v. a. 1. Prostrate, level, bring to 2. Be excited, be agitated. the ground. Fern, a. Brake. 2. Cut down, hew down. Ferocious, a. 1. Untamed (like a wild 3. Hem (the lap of a seam). beast), savage, fierce, wild, ravenous, Fellow, sn. 1. Companion, associate, rapacious, ferine. comrade. 2. Barbarous, cruel, inhuman, brutal, 2. Equal, peer, compeer. fell, ruthless, relentless, merciless, piti3. Mate, counterpart. less, sanguinary, bloody, Vandalic. 4. [Englacnd.] Member (of a college, Ferocity, n. 1. Savageness, fierceness, participating in its instruction andcl ferociousness, wildness, rapacity. sharilg its revenues). 2. Barbarity, cruelty, inhumanity. Fellow-countrylman, n. Compatriot. Ferret out, Search out. Fellow-feeling, n. Sympathy, com- Ferrocyanate, n. (Che7n7.) Ferroprusmliseration, compassion, pity. slate, ferrocyanide. F'ellowship, i. 1. Brotherhood, com- Ferrocyanic, a. (Chems.) Ferropruspanionship, familiarity, intimacy, close sic. acquaintance. Ferrocyanide, n. (C7sem.) Ferroprus2. Partnership, participation, joint slate, ferrocyanate. interest. Ferroprussiate, a. (Chem.) Ferrocya3. Sociability, sociableness, converse, nate, ferrocyanide. intercourse, communion. Ferroprussic, a. (Chem.) Ferrocyanic. Felo de se, a. [L.1 Suicide, self-mur- Fertile, a. 1. Prolific, fecund, not barderer. ren. Felon, n. 1. Culprit, criminal, malefac- 2. Fruitful, productive, rich, plentor, convict, outlaw. teous, luxuriant, exuberant, teeming. 2. Whitlow. 3. (Bot.) Fruit-bearing; Felon, a. [Poetical.] FEILONIOUS. Fertility, n. 1. Fecundity, fertileness. ]Felonious, a. Malignant, malicious, 2. Fruitfulness, productiveness, plenvillanous, nefarious, infamous, heinous, teousness, exuberance, luxuriance, atrocious, cruel, FELON. abundance, richness. Felony,,a. Crime (punishable by death Fertilize, v. a. Enrich, make fertile, or by imprisonment), high crime, heinous make fruitful. crime, gross offence. Fervency, n. Ardor, zeal, FERvoR. Females, ns. p1. Female sex, the fair, Fervent, a. Ardent, earnest, eager, the fair sex. zealous, warm, glowing, animated, imFeme sole, n. [Fr.] (Law.) Single passioned, fervid. woman, unmarried woman. Fervid, a. 1. Hot, burning, boiling, Feminality, n. Womanhood, femineity, fiery. muliebrity. 2. Ardent, earnest, glowing, FERFemineity, n. FEmSINALITY. VENT. Feminine, a. 1. Soft, tender, delicate, Fervor, n. 1. Heat, warmth. WOMANLY. 2. Ardor, zeal, earnestness, eager2. Effeminate, unmanly. ness, fervency. Femur, i. (Anat.) Thigh-bone. Festal, a. Convivial, FESTIVE. Fen, a. Marsh, swamp, bog, moor, mo- Fester, v. i. 1. Raankle, corrupt, suprauss, quagmire, slough. purate, ulcerate. Fence, n. 1.. Wall, HEDGE, frame of 2. Become malignant, grow virulent. posts and rails, &c. Fester, n. Pustule, sore, abscess, im2. Shield, guard, security, defence. posthume, gathering.^ Fence, v. a. 1. Enclose with a fence. Festival, n. Feast, FETE, holiday, fes2. Guard, fortify, defend. tive celebration, joyful anniversary, Fence, v. n. Practise fencing. day of rejoicing. Fencing, n. Manual defence (with small Festive, a. Convivial, jovial, joyous, swords or foils). gay, merry, mirthful, festal.

Page  159 FESTIVITY 159 FIGHT Festivity,-n. Conviviality, gayety, joy- Fiddle, n. Violin, KIT. ousness, joyfulness, merry-making, so- Fiddle, v. n. 1. Play on a fiddle. cial joy. 2. Trifle, dawdle, lose time, waste Fetch, v. a. 1. Bring (when one goesfor time, idle away time, fritter away time, the purpose of briTngi.g), go and bring. fool away time. 2. Perform, make, effect. Fiddle-de-dee, interj. Nonsense, stuff, 3. Sell for. fudge, moonshine. 4. (NVaut.) Reach, attain, arrive at, Fiddle-faddle, n. [Losw.] Nonsense, come to, get to. trifling, frivolity, cock-and-bull story, Fetch, it. Trick, artifice, ruse, strata- neither rhyme nor reason. gem, dodge, sharp practice.. Fiddle-faddle, a. [Low.] Foolish, nonFetch a comlpass, Make a circuit. sensical, triin g, frivolous, trivial, idle, Fete, n. [Fr.] Feast, FESTIVAL, holiday, fiddling. festive celebration. Fiddling, a. Trifling, frivolous, trivial, Fete, v. a. Feast, honor with an enter- idle, fiddle-faddle. tainmment. Fidelity, n. 1. Faithfulness, trustworFete-champetre, n. [Fr.] Rural festival. thiness, RELIABLENESS, RIELIABILITY, Fetid, a. Rancid, stinlkill, offensive, loyalty, fealty, adherence to duty, obnoisome, mephitic, strong-smelling, servance of good faith. rank-smelling. 2. Accuracy, closeness, exactness. Fetor, n. Stench, stink, offensive odor, Fidget, v. nt. Fret, chafe, worry, be strong smell. uneasy, be restive, be impatient, worry Fetter, n. Shackle (for the feet), chain, one's self. bond, clog, hamper. Fidget, n. Uneasiness, restlessness, imFetter, v. a. 1. Shackle (the feet), clog, patience, fidgetiness. trammel, hamper, put fetters on. Fidgetiness, ns. Uneasiness, restless2. Chain, bind, tie, confine, restrain. ness, fidget. Feud, n. 1. Quarrel (esplecially betwoeen Fidgety, a. [Colloquial.] Uneasy, restfa7'milies or clans), broil, contention, less, impatient. clashing, dissension, jarring, rupture, Fiducial, a. Confident, trustful, fidubickering, falling out. ciary. 2. Fee, fief. Fiduciary, ns. Trustee, depositary. Feudalism, sn. Feudal system. Fiduciary, a. 1. Confident, undoubtFeu de joie, [Fr.] 1. Bonfire. ing, trustful, fiducial. 2. Firing of guns (for holiday sport). 2. Trusty, not to be doubted. Fever, si. Heat, flush, agitation, excite- 3. Held in trust, in the nature of a ment. trust. Fever-root, a. Fever-wort, bastard Fief, n. Fee, feud. ipecacuanha. Field, n. 1. Tract of land (for tillage Fever-wort, ss. 1. Fever root, bastard or for pasture). ipecacuanha. 2. Battle-field, field of battle. 2. Thoroughwort, boneset, ague- 3. Scene of military operations, theaweed, Indian sage (Eup atorit7 s ~pembli- tre of war. atlem). 4. Surface, expanse. Few, a. Not many, small in number, 5. Opportunity, room. hardly any, scarcely any. Fieldfare, is. Gray thrush (Turdus Fewness, n. Paucity, small number. pilaris). Fiasco, n. [It.] Failure, fizzle, abortive Field-sports, nt. pl. Diversions of the attempt. field (h/unting, shooting, &ic.). Fiat, a?. Decree, order, ordinance, com- Fiend, ns. Demnon, devil, deadly enemy, marnd. infernal being, implacable -foe. Fib, n. [Colloquial.] Lie, falsehood, in- Fiendish, a. Malevolent, malignant, tentional untruth. malicious, infernal, diabolical, devilish, Fib, v. n. [Colloquial.] Lie, tell a lie. demoniacal, hellish, very wicked. Fibre, n. Filament, thread, staple, pile. Fierce, a. 1. Savage, ferocious, ravenFibril, n. Small fibre, slender thread. ous, furious, infuriate, barbarous, fell. Fibrous, a. Filamentous, stringy. 2. Violent, vehement, impetuous, Fickle, a. Wavering, inconstant, un- fiery, passionate. steady, unstable, variable, vacillating, Fiery, a. 1. Igneous, of fire. volatile, changeable, fitful, irresolute, 2. Hot, heated. unsettled, capricious, not steady, not 3. Ardent, impetuous, vehement, steadfast, like a weather-cock. fierce, passionate, impassioned, fervent, Fiction, ns. 1. Invention, fable. fervid, glowing. 2. Novel, romance, work of fiction, Fig-eater, n. (Ornith.) Becafico, figfeigned story. pecker, greater pettychaps (Sylvia h7r3. Fabrication, figment, falsehood, tensis). lie. Fight, v. n. 1. Combat, war, contend 4. Fictitious literature. (sic arnes), draw the sword, unsheath Fictitious, a. 1. Feigned, invented, the sword, measure swords, join battle, imaginary, fanciful, unreal, not true. give battle, take up the cudgels, couch 2. False, counterfeit, spurious, sup- one's lance, go to war, let slip the dogs posititious, not genuine. of war, take up the hatchet.

Page  160 FIGHT 160 FIND 2. Contend, contest, struggle, strive, Filicoid, a. (Bot.) Fern-like. make resistance. File-leader, n. Fugleman, fiugelman, Fight, v. a. 1. War against, combat leader, director. against, contend against, join battle Filiforni, a. Filamentous, threadwith, break a lance with, come to close shaped, long and slender. quarters with. Fill, v. a. 1. Make full, fill up. 2. Carry through (by fighting). 2. Store, supply, furnish, replenish, Fight, n. Combat, battle, conflict, con- stock. test, struggle, engagement, encounter, 3. Satisfy, content, GLUT. action, affair, brush, fray, affray. 4. Occupy (as a place of trust), hold. Fighter, a. Combatant, warrior, CrHAI- Fill, v. 1. Fill a glass or cup. PION. 2. Become full, be filled, fill up. Fighting, n. Contention, strife, quarrel, Fill, na. Full supply. warfare. Fill out, Extend or enlarge (to the full Figment, na. Invention, fiction, fabrica- size or linzit). tion, fable. Fill up, (Active.) 1. Fill, make full. Fig-pecker, n. (Ornith.) FIG-EATER. 2. Occupy, employ, use. Figurative, a. 1. Typical, representa- Fill up, (Neuter.) Become full, be filled, tive, emblematical. be filled up. 2. Tropical, metaphorical, not literal. Fillet, n. Band, bandage. 3. Flowery, florid, ornate. Fillibeg, s. [Written also Philibeg.] Kilt. Figure, n. 1. Form, shape, conforma- Filly, a. Female colt, young mare. tion, configuration, outline, TOURKTURE. Film, n. Pellicle, thin skin or coating. 2. Image, likeness, effigy, representa- Filter, v. a. Strain, pass through a tion. strainer. 3. Appearance (as respects action or Filter, v. a. Percolate, transude, exude. conduct). strain, ooze. 4. Distinguished appearance. Filter, s. Strainer. 5. Design (off cloth, paper, &c.), pat- Filth, s. 1. Dirt, foul matter. tern. 2. Grossness, corruption, pollution, 6. (Geous.) Diagram, drawing. impurity, nastiness. 7. (Rhet.). Metaphor, trope, meta- Filthy, a. 1. DiSty, nasty, foul, unphorical term or expression. clean, squalid. 8. (Cons.) Price. 2. Impure, gross, corrupt. 9. (Theoi.) Type, emblem, symbol. Filtration, n. Filtering, straining. 10. (A/rith.) Digit, number, numeral, Fimbriate, a. Fringed. character. Fimbriated, i Figure, v. a..1. Adorn (swith figures), Final, a. 1. Last, latest, ultimate,, diversify, variegate. eventual. 2. Represent, symbolize, signify, typ- 2. Decisive, conclusive, definitive. ify, be typical of, shadow forth. Final cause, End, aim, object, pur3. Imagine, image, conceive, picture, pose, design, intent, intentiosn. have an idea of. Finale, n. [It.] End, termination, con4. Make a drawing of, make a rep- clusion, closing part (of an opera o? a resentation of. concert). Figure, v. n. 1. Make a figure, make Finality, an. Final settlement, final a distinguished appearance, be dis- arrangement. tinguished, be conspicusous. Finally, ad. 1. Lastly, in conclusion. 2. Show off; cut a dash, make a great 2. Ultimately, at last, in the longshow, cut a figure. run. Fig-ure -up, [Colloquial.] 1. Add, sum 3. For good, for good and all, as the up, find the amount of. final move. 2. Calculate, reckon. Finance, a. Revenue, money, money Filanment, sn. 1. Fibre, thread, pile, matters. staple. Finances, is. pl. Revenues, public funds, 2. (Bot.) Tendril, cirrus. public resources. Filamentous, a. 1. Filiform, thread- Financial, a. Monetary, pecuniary, shaped. fiscal. 2. Consisting of filaments. Financialist, in. Financier. Filch, v. cta. Pilfer, purloin, steal. Financier, is. Financialist, adept in File, n. 1. RASP. matters of finance. 2. (MilU.) Rtow (of soldiers ranged one Find, v. a. 1. Discover, fall upon, light behind another), line, column. upon, meet with, fall in with. 3. Bundle of papers. 2. Obtain, get, procure, gain, arrive File, v. a. 1. Rasp. at, attain to. 2. Place on file. 3. Observe, remark, notice, perceive. 3. Smooth, polish. 4. Detect, catch. File, v. n..March in a file. 5. Supply, furnish, contribute, proFilibuster, sn. [l1Ioders.] Pirate, free- vide. booter, buccaneer, sea-robber, sea- 6. Supply with food. rover, lawless adventurer. 7. (Law.) Determine judicially, deFilicifornm, a. Fern-shaped. clare by verdict.

Page  161 FIND 161 FIRST-RATE Find, v. n. (Law.) Declare a verdict, Finlander, n. Finn. determine an issue. Finn, n. Finlander. Find in, Provide with, supply with. Fire, sl. 1. Conflagration. Find fault, Complain, grumble. 2. Heat, ardor, fervor. Find fault with, Blame, censure, re- 3. [Poetical.] Light, lustret radiance. prove. Fire, v. a. 1. Kindle, set on fire. Find one's self, Be, fare (as to health). 2. Animate, excite, inspirit, rouse, Find out, 1. Discover, detect, bring to inflame, stir up. light. 3. Discharge, fire off. 2. Ascertain, decipher, solve, un- Fire, v. n. 1. Take fire, be kindled. riddle, bIake out, get at. 2. Discharge a gun, discharge fireFinding, s. 1. Discovery. arms. 2. (Law.) Verdict. Fire-arm, o. Gun. Findings, s. pl. Shoemaker's toolsand Fire-brand, s. 1. Brand. materials. 2. Incendiary, political agitator. Finding-store, sn. [U. S.] Grindery- Fire-cracker, s?. Cracker. warehouse. Fire-damp, n.. Carburetted hydrogen Fine, a. 1. Minute, small, little, con- (in coal-m7ines). minuted. Fire-dog, s. Andiron, dog. 2. Slender, delicate, CAPILLARY, not Fire-eater, ns. Blusterer, swaggerer, coarse. vaporer, iHector, Hotspur, mock hero. 3. Light, of delicate material, of fine Fire-fly, n. 1. Elater (of South America). texture. 2. Glow-worm (Laspyris noctitucus). 4.. Keen, sharp. Fire off, Discharge, fire.5. Thin, subtile, tenuous, not gross. Fire-new, a. Brand-new, quite new, 6. Exquisite, nice, refined. spick and span new, span new. U. Excellent, superior, very good. Fireplace, ns. Hearth. 8. Brilliant, accomplished. Fireproof, a. Incombustible. 9. Beautiful, handsome, splendid, Fireside, s.- 1. Hearth, chimney-corelegant. ner, place near the fire. 10. Clear, pure, unadulterated. 2. Home, domestic life. l11. [As a terim off slight contemnpt.] Fireside, a. Domestic. Showy, gairish, gay, flashy, airy, spark- Fire up, 1. Kindle the fire. ish. 2. Fly into a passion, get angry, get Fine, so. Mulct, amercement, forfeit, mad, FLARE UP. forfeiture, pecuniary penalty. Firing, it. 1. Kindling, setting on fire. Fine, v. a. 1. Defecate, purify, re- 2. Discharge (of gseos), firing off. fine. 3. Fuel, something to burn. 2. Amerce, mulct, impose a fine 4. Cautery. upon, punish by a fine. Firm, a. 1. Compact, compressed, solid, Finery, n. Gewgaws, trinkets, fine dense, hard, not soft, not fluid. tihings, showy dress, tinsel trappings. 2. Fixed, fast, rooted, established, Finesse, 2o. Trick, stratagem, artifice, settled, confirmed, stable, secure, imruse, fraud, deception, cheat, wile, movable. manceuvre. 3. Steady, steadfast, unshaken, resoFinesse, v. is. Use stratagem, practise lute, stanch, constant. tricks. 4. Strong, robust, sinewy, sturdy. Finger, v. a. 1. Handle, touch. Firm, so. Concern, house, company, 2. Play on (ans instrl'uenest). partnership. Finger, v. n. Use the fingers (ino play- Firmament, n. Sky, the heavens, canisog oso asn instsrumnent). opy of heaven, celestial expanse. Fingered, a. (Bot.) Digitate. Firmnless, so. 1. Solidity, compactness, Finger-post, so. Guide-post. hardness. Finical, a. Spruce, JmEirY, over-nice, 2. Stability, strength. nice over-much, affectedly elegant. 3. Constancy, steadfastness, steadiFinish, v. a. 1. Accomplish, complete, less. execute, perform, achieve, do. First, a. 1. Foremost, leading. 2. Perfect,. polish, elaborate, make 2. Chief, highest, principal, capital. perfect. 3. Earliest. 3. End, terminate, close, conclude, 4. Primary. bring to an end, put an end to. 5. Primitive, primeval, pristine. Finish, n. Polish, elaboration, final First, ad. In the first place, at the outtouch, last touch. set, in the beginning, first and foremost, Finished, a. 1. Completed, complete, before any thing else. perfect. First-born, a. Eldest. 2. Polished, perfected, elegant, high- First-born, s. Eldest child. ly-wrought. First-class, a. FIRST-RATE. 3. Experienced, practised, qualified, First cousin, Cousin-german. accomplished, thorough-bred, able, pro- First or last, At one time or another, ficient. sooner or later, at some time. Finite, a. Bounded, limited, termina- First-rate, n. Ship of the first class, ble. three-decker. 11

Page  162 FIRST-RATE 162 FLASH First-rate, a. Superior, excellent, cap- Fix, n. [Colloquial, U.S.] Predicament, ital, CRACK, prime, pre-eminent, of the dilemma, plight, PICKLE. first class, of. the best, of the highest Fix on excellence, first-class. Fix upn, Settle on, determine upon. Fiscal, a. Financial. Fizzle, v. n. 1. Hiss, make a hissing Fish, v. n. ANGLE, BOB, try to catch noise. fish. 2. [Colloquial.] Fail, make a failure Fisher, n. 1. Fisherman, angler. of it, fizzle out. 2. Pecan, wood-shock (MIzstela Can- Fizzle, n. [Colloquial.] Failure, fiasco, adensis). abortive attempt. Fisherman, n. Fisher, angler. Fizzle out, Fail, FIZZLE. Fish for, Angle for, try to get (by arti- Flabbergasted, a. [Low.] Confounded, fice). confused, abashed, ashamed, disconFish-glue, t. Isinglass, icthyocol, ich- certed, nonplussed, taken aback, thrown thyocolla, CARLOCK. off one's balance. Fish-hawk, n. Osprey, fishing- Flabby, a. Soft, yielding, FLACCID. Fishing-hawk, ] eagle, bald buzzard Flaccid, a. Soft, limber, flabby, yielding, (Falco halicttus). lax, drooping, hungry, loose, not firm, Fishing-eagle, a. FISH-HAWK. not stiff, not tense. Fishing-frog, n. Angler (Lophius pis- Flaccidity, n. Limberness, softness, catorins). Flaccidness, laxity. Fish in the air, Beat the air, make Flag, v. n. 1. Hang loose. vain efforts, try in vain, lash the waves, 2. Languish, droop, faint, decline, milk the ram. pine, become weak, grow languid, lose Fish-soup, n. Chowder. vigor. Fissure, i. Cleft, crevice, chink, crack, Flag, n. I. Flag-stone, flat paving cranny, break, breach, gap, interstice, stone. opening, chasm, rift, fracture. 2. Banner, streamer, colors, standFistular, p)i Hollow, fpe-like. ard, pennon, pennant, ensign. Fistulous a. Holow,, Flagellate, v. a. Whip, scourge, flog, Fit, n. 1. Paroxysm, spasm, sudden thrash, beat, cudgel, drub. attack, stroke of disease. Flagellation, an. Whipping, scourging, 2. Humor, whim, fancy, temporary beating, flogging, thrashing, drubbing. affection. Flagitious, a. Atrocious, heinous, vil3. Interval, turn, period, spell. lanous, infamous, scandalous, nefariFit, a. 1. Qualified, competent, fitted. ous, very wicked. 2. Suitable, appropriate, apt, appo- Flagrancy, n. Notoriety, enormity. site, meet, seemly, becoming, fitting, Flagrant, a. 1. Flaming, glowing, befitting, proper, convenient, good. burning, raging. Fit, v. a. 1. Suit, adapt, adjust, make 2. Notorious, glaring, enormous, crysuitable. ing. 2. Become, be adapted to, be suitable Flag-stone, n. Flag, flat paving for, be becoming to. stone. 3. Accommodate, provide, qualify, Flake, n. Scale, lamina, layer. equip, prepare, get ready. Flake, v. n. Scale off, come off in flakes. Fit, v. ai. 1. Be proper, be becoming. Flambeau, is. Torch. 2. Be suited, be adapted. Flame, it. 1. Blaze, burning vapor. Fitful, a. Variable, irregular, spas- 2. Fire. modic, impulsive, unstable, fickle, 3. Ardor, fervor, fervency, warmth, whimsical, fanciful, capricious, fantas- enthusiasm. tic, humorsome, odd. 4. [Colloquial.] Love, sweetheart. Fitfully, ad. Irregularly, capriciously, Flame, v. n. Blaze. in a fitfutl manner, by fits, by fits and Flaming, a. 1. Blazing. starts. 2. Bright red, of a bright color. Fit out, Equip, furnish, supply with 3. Violent, vehement, exciting. necessaries. Flank, n. Side.Fit up, Prepare, make ready. Flank, v. a. 1. (Mil.) Attack on the Fitchew, n. Fitchet, pole-cat, foumart side, approach on the side, turn the (Mll:stelacputorius). flank of. Fitness, n. Suitableness, adaptation, 2. Secure on the side. aptness, aptitude, appropriateness, per- 3. Border upon, stand at the side of. tinence, propriety. Flap-dragon, n. Snap-dragon. Fix, v. a. 1. Set, place, establish, plant, Flare, v. it. I. Glare, dazzle. fasten, make firm or stable. 2. Widen outward, spread outward. 2. Attach, tie, make fast. Flare, a. Glare, unsteady light. 3. Determine, define, limit, appoint, Flare up, Fly into'a passion, get angry, settle. get mad, fire up, lose one's temper, boil 4. Rivet, direct steadily. over with rage. 5. Solidify, consolidate. Flash, n. 1. Momentary blaze, sudden 6. [ Vulgarly so used in the U. S.] burst of light. Arrange, adjust, set in order, put in 2. Slang (ofthieves and gypsies), cant order, put to rights, set to rights. language.

Page  163 FLASH 163 FLIMS Y Flash, v. n. 1. Emit a sudden light. Flecked, a. Spotted, streaked, striped, 2. Break forth suddenly. dappled, mottled, variegated, piebald. Flashy, a. 1. Showy, ostentatious, Fledgling, n. Young bird. flaunting, gaudy, tawdry, jaunty, gay, Flee, v. n. Fly, run, decamp, escape, gairish, airy. abscond, hasten away, run away, make 2. Insipid, tasteless, mawkish, flat, off, TURN TAIL, cut and run. vapid, stale. Fleece, v. a. 1. Clip, shear. Flat, a. 1. Level, horizontal, CHAM- 2. Strip, rob, plunder, despoil, rifle, FAIGN. steal from. 2. Even, plane, smooth, cAmoUS, Fleecy, a. Woolly. without prominences. Fleer, v. n. Gibe, scoff, mock, jeer. 3. Low, prostrate, level with the Fleet, n. Flotilla, squadron, navy, ARground, laid low. MADA, company of ships. 4. Dull, lifeless, spiritless, unanimat- Fleet, a. Swift, rapid, quick. ed, frigid, tame, prosaic, uninteresting, Fleeting, a. Transitory, transient, pointless. ephemeral, temporary, passing, evanS. Vapid, tasteless, insipid, stale, escent, fugitive, flitting, flying, brief, dead, flashy, mawkish. short-lived, here to-day and gone to6. Peremptory, absolute, positive, morrow. downright. Fleetness, a. Swiftness, quickness, 7. (Mus.) Not sharp, not shrill, not rapidity, celerity, velocity, speed. acute, lower by a semitone, below true Flesh, n. 1. Muscle and fat (of animntal pitch. bodies). Flat, n. 1. Shoal, shallow, strand, bar, 2. Meat, animal food. sand-bank. 3. Pulp, edible part of fruit. 2. [Colloquial.] Simpleton, ninny, 4. Body (as opposed to spirit), flesh DUNCE. and blood. 3. [Scotland.] Floor, loft, story. 5. Carnality, sensual appetites, bodFlat-iron, n. Sad-iron. ily desires. Flatten, v. a. Make flat. 6. Kindred, stock, race. Flatten, v. n. Become flat. Flesh and blood, Body, human system. Flatter, v. a. 1. Compliment, gratify Flesh-color, n. Carnation. by praise. Flesh-eating, a. Carnivorous. 2. Cajole, wheedle, humor, coax, Fleshiness, n. Fatness, plumpness, court, STUFF, coddle, pay court to, corpulence, corpulency, EMBONPOINT, fawn upon, curry favor with, try to obesity. win by adulation, make much of. Fleshly, a. 1. Human, of flesh. 3. Encourage by plausible represen- 2. Carnal, sensual, lustful, lascivious, tations, inspire with false hopes. lecherous. Flatterer, a. Sycophant, fawner, para- Fleshy, a. Fat, plump, corpulent. site, wheedler, toady, flunkey, spaniel, Fleur-de-lis, n. [Fr.] Yellow flag (Iris lick-spittle, pick-thank, toad-eater. psesudacorus), flower-de-luce. Flattery, n. 1. Compliment, insincere Flexibility, n. Pliancy, pliability, flexcommendation, false praise. ibleness, limberness, litheness, supple2. Obsequiousness, sycophancy, ser- ness. vility, cajolery, fawning, adulation, Flexible, a. Pliable, pliant, limber, blarney, SOFT SAWDER, SOFT SOAP. flexible, lithe, supple, not stiff, not Flatulence, n. Windiness (in the bow- rigid, easily bent. Flatulency, els). Flexibleness; n. Pliancy, FLEXIBILFlatulent, a. -Windy. ITY. Flaunt, v. n. Flutter, make a show, Flexile, a. Pliable, FLEXIBLE. make a parade, cut a dash, be ostenta- Flexuous, a. Winding, bending, tortutious. ous, sinuous, sinuate, crooked, serpenFlaunting, a. Ostentatious, showy, tine. flashy, gairish, dashing, fluttering, Flexure, n. 1. Bending. jaunty, tawdry, gay, airy, gaudy. 2. Bend, crook, turn, fold. Flavor, n. L. Odor, smell, fragrance. Flibbertigibbet, n. [Lowo.] Imp, sprite, 2. Taste, savor, smack, relish, zest, demon, malignant spirit, little devil. gust, gusto. Flicker, v. is. 1. Flutter. Flaw, n. 1. Break, crack, breach, cleft, 2. Fluctuate, waver, float. fissure, rift, fracture, rent. Flickermouse, n. Bat, flindermouse, 2. Blemish, spot, speck, fault, defect, flittermouse. imperfection. Flight, an. 1. Flying, soaring, mounting, 3. (Naut.) Gust of wind. volitation. Flawy, a. Faulty, defective, full of 2. Fleeing, hasty departure. flaws or cracks. 3. Flock (of birds). Flax-comb, n. Hatchel. 4. Volley, shower. Flax-seed, n. Linseed. Flighty, a. Giddy, wild, volatile, lightFlay, v. a. Skin, excoriate, strip the headed, without ballast. skin from. Flimsy, a. 1. Slight, thin, unsubstanFleck, v. a. Spot, streak, dapple, tial, of frail texture. speckle, variegate. 2. Weak, feeble, trivial, frivolous,

Page  164 FLINCH 164 FLOWING foolish, trifling, light, puerile, shallow, Flora, n. Plants (of a country). superficial, trashy. Floret, a. Floweret, little flower. Flinch, v. ns. Shrink, withdraw, retreat, Floriculture, n. Cultivation of flowers. swerve, wince, draw back, hold back. Floriculturist, a*. Florist. Flindermouse, cc. Bat, flittermouse, Florid, a. 1. [Poetical.] Flowery. flickermouse. 2. Rubicund, of a bright red color. Flinders,. apl. Splinters, fragments. 3. Ornate, rhetorical, figurative, highFling, v. a. 1. Throw, cast, hurl, toss, ly embellished. dart, pitch,'flirt, chuck, shy. Florist, at. Floriculturist. 2. Prostrate, overthrow, throw to the Flounce, v. n. 1. Fling, wince, fly into ground, throw down. violent motions (as an animal in a ]Fling, v. n. Flounce, wince, fly into passion). violent motions. 2. FLOUNDER, toss about. Fling, n. 1. Throw, cast, toss. Flounce, n. 1. Jerk, throe, spring. 2. Jeer, gibe, flout, scoff, sneer, taunt. 2. Frill (off a gowns, &c.), furbelow. Fling away, Reject, discard, throw Flounder, v. it. Struggle (as aln animal away. in the nmire), toss, tumble, wallow, Flaing open, Throw open, open suddenly. flounce, toss about. Fling up, Relinquish, abandon. Flour-box, it. Dredging-box, FLOURFlippancy, in. 1. Volubility, fluency. DIEDGE. 2. Pertness, boldness, impertinence, Flour-dredge, a. Dredging-box, floursauciness, impudence. box, dredge-box. Flippant, a. 1. Voluble, fluent, glib, Flourish, v. it. 1. Thrive, grow. talkative, nimble of speech, of ready 2. Prosper, succeed, be successful, go utterance. on well. 2. Pert, impertinent, saucy, mala- 3. Boast, brag, vaunt, vapor, gasconpert, forward, bold, impudent. ade, bluster, make a show, be ostenFlirt, v. a. Throw (with a jerk), toss, tationus, show off, cut a dash, make a fling, pitch, hurl, chuck, shy. flourish. Flirt, v. n. Coquet, philander, makelove, Flourish, v. a. Brandish, wave. make a show of love, affect to be in love, Flourish, n. 1. Ostentation, parade, play at courtship. show, display, dash. Flirt, r. 1. Coquette, jilt. 2. Bombast, grandiloquence, flowery 2. Jerk, sudden fling. speech, high-sounding words. Flirtation, ai. Coquetry, affectation of 3. Fanciful strokes (of apen, &c.). love. ]Flo-ut, v. a. Insult, mock, jeer, gibe, Flit, v. n. Fly rapidly, dart along. deride, taunt, chaff, scoff at, sneer at, Flitter, n. Rag, tatter, fritter, shred. treat with contempt. Flittermouse, n. Bat, flindermouse, Flout, v. is. Sneer, be contemptuous. flickermouse. Flout, a. Insult, mock, sneer, scoff, Flitting, a. Fleeting, evanescent, tran- taunt. sient, transitory, passing, fugitive, Flow, v. n. 1. Stream, run, pour, roll ephemeral. on, sweep along. Float, v. it. Swim, WAFT, be buoyed up. 2. Issue, emanate, proceed, come, Float, v. a. Buoy up, bear up, keep grow, arise, follow, spring, result, be afloat, bear on the surface. derived.. Float, cc. 1. Raft, floating mass. 3. Glide, move along easily or smooth2. Buoy. ly. 3. Float-board. * 4. Wave, float, undulate, waver, hang Float-board, n. Float. loosely. Floccillation, n. (lfecd.) Carphology, 5. Abound, be full. tilmus. Flow, v. a. Flood, inundate, deluge, Flock, n. 1. Collection (of sheep, &c.), overflow. company. Flow, is. 1. Stream, current, flux. 2. Lock of wool. 2. Abundance, copiousness. Flock, v. n. Congregate, herd, gather in Flower, cc. 1. Blossom, bloom. crowds. 2. Best part, finest part. Flog v. a. Beat, lash, whip, thrash, 3. Prime, early vigor. drub, scourge, flagellate. 4. Figure, figure of speech, ornaFlood, n. 1. Inundation, deluge, over- mental expression. flow, freshet. Flower, v. is. Blossom, bloom, be in 2. Great flow. flower, put forth flowers. Flood,.v. a. Overflow, inundate, deluge, Flower-cup, n. Calyx. flow. Flower-de-luce, n. Fleur-de-lis, yellow Flood-gate, n. Sluice-gate. flag (Iris pseeudacorus). Flood-mark, n. High-water mark. Floweret, n. Floret, little flower. Floor, v. a. 1. Cover with a floor, put a Flowers of sulphur, Sublimed sulfloor on. phur. 2. Overthrow, bring to the floor, Flowery, a. 1. Bloomy, full of flowers. knock down. 2. Ornate, figurative, florid. 3. Prevail over (in argument), get Flowing, a. 1. Running. the better of. 2. Fluent, copious, smooth.

Page  165 FLOWK 165 FOLIACEOUS Flowk, n. Fluke, turbot (Platessa max- 2. Flaunt, make a show, make a imus). parade, cut a dash, be ostentatious. Fluctuate, v. n. 1. Oscillate, be un- 3. Be fickle, be inconstant, be unsteady, rise and fall, move to and fro, steady. move up and down. Flutter, n. 1. Agitation, tremor, quick 2. Waver, vacillate, be irresolute or motion. inconstant. 2. Confusion, hurry, commotion, perFluctuation, n. Oscillation, unstead- turbation, flurry, fluster, hurry-skurry. iness, rising and falling. Flux, n. 1. Flow, flowing. 2. Wavering, inconstancy, vacilla- 2. Mutation, change, transition, shifttion, hesitation. ing. ]Fluency, n. 1. Smoothness. 2. Looseness, diarrhcea, dysentery. 2. Volubility, glibness, readiness of 3. Fusion, melting. sieech, ready utterance, command of Fluxion, n. (Mlath.) Differential, infilanguage, facility of expression, GIFT nitely small quantity.. OF THE GAB. Fluxions, i. pl. (Math.) Calculus, difFluent, a. 1. Flowing, gliding. ferential and integral calculus. 2. Smooth, not harsh. Fly, v. n. 1. Soar, mount, hover, take 3. Voluble, glib, ready (in speech). wing. Fluff, ns. Nap, down. 2. Flutter, float, wave, undulate. Fluffy, a. Nappy, downy. 3. Burst, explode, be scattered, break FiIgelmnan, a. File-leader, leader, di- in pieces, be broken to pieces. rector, fugleman. 4. Flee, escape, decamp, abscond, Fluid, a. Liquid, not solid. make off, pack off, slip away, steal Fluid, a. Liquid, liquor. away, slink away. Fluke, nc. 1. Gourd-worm, fluke-worm. 5. Pass, elapse, slip, glide, flit, roll 2. Turbot, flowk (Platessa maximus). on, flow on. Fluke-worm, at. Fluke, gourd-worm. Fly at, Assail, attack, assault, rush Flummery,?1. 1. Adulation, syco- upon, spring upon. phancy, obsequiousness, blandishment, Fly, n. 1. Winged insect. flattery, empty compliment. 2. Fly-wheel. 2. SOWENS, porridge (nade of the 3. Compass card. dust of oatmeal). Fly-bane, i1. Catchfly. Flunky, n. 1. Lackey, livery servant. Fly-blow, n. Fly's egg. 2. Mean fellow, mean-spirited person, Fly open-, Burst open, open suddenly. obsequious person. Fly-wheel, in. Fly. 3. [Colloquial, U. S.] Dupe (in buy- Foal, n. Colt. ing stocks). Foam, n. Froth, spume, spray. Fltuor-spar, n. Derbyshire spar, fluor- Foam, v. 71. Froth, spume. ide of calcium. Foamy, a. Frothy, spumy, spumous. Flurry, sz. 1. Flaw, squall, gust of Fob, n. Watch-pocket. wind. Focus, n. Central point, point of con2. Agitation, hurry, bustle, confu- centration, point of convergence. sion, commotion, perturbation, disturb- Fodder, n. Forage, food (for cattle), ance, flutter, ruffle, hurry-skurry. provender. YFlurry, v. a. Excite, confuse, discon- Fodder, v. a. Feed.(cattle). cert, disturb, agitate, fluster, hurry. Foe, is. Enemy, adversary, opponent, Flush, v. a. Glow, redden. antagonist, FOEMAN. ]Flush, v. a. 1. Redden, color, cause to Foeman, a. [Poetical.] Enemy,foe. glow. Fog, n. Haze, mist. 2. Animate, elevate, elate, ERECT, Foggy, a. 1. Misty, hazy. excite, make proud. 2. Confused, dazed, bewildered. Flush, a. 1. Glowing, bright, fresh, Fogy, n. [Written also oygey.] Convigorous. servative (in an ill sense), old fogy. 2. Affluent, rich, wealthy, opulent, Foible, n. Frailty, weakness, failing, well supplied. defect, infirmity, imperfection, fault, 3. Liberal, free, generous, lavish, weak point, weak side, blind side. prodigal. Foil, v. a. Defeat, frustrate, balk, dis4. Level, even, plane, flat. appoint, baffle. Flush, n. 1. Redness, ruddiness, rosi- Foist in, Interpolate, thrust in, insert ness, glow, bloom. wrongfully, introduce surreptitiously. 2. Sudden impulse. Fold, cn. 1. Pen (for sheep)), enclosure. Fluster, v. a. Excite, heat, hurry, agi- 2. Flock of sheep. tate, confound, confuse, disconcert, dis- 3. Plait, double, doubling, folding, turb; flurry, pose, nonplus. PLICATURE, gather. Fluster, n. Agitation, FLURRY. Fold, v. a. 1. Double, lay in folds. Fluted, a. Grooved (as a column), chan- 2. Wrap, inwrap, envelop, infold. nelled. Folding, n. Plait, double, FOLD. Flute-player, c?. Flutist. Foliaceous, a. 1. (Bot.) Leafy, foliate. Flutist, n. Flute-player. 2. (Min.) Lamellar, laminated, laFlutter, v. ct. 1. Hover, flap the wings mellate, lamellated, scaly, flaky, foliquickly. ated, ichistosu.

Page  166 FOLIAGE 166 FOOT-TRAVELLER Foliage, n. Leaves, clusters of leaves. Fool, n. 1. Dolt, witling, driveller, idiot, Foliate, a. (Bot.) Leafy, foliaceous. simpleton, ninny, nincompoop, blockFoliated, a. (fin.) Lamella, laminat- head, DUNCE. ed, lamellate, lamellated, schistose. 2. Buffoon, harlequin, droll, punch, Folks, s. pl. [Colloquial.] People, per- antic, jester, zany, clown, mountebank, sons. merry Andrew, scaramouch, jack-pudFolkland, n. Copyhold land. ding, pickle-herring. Folk-lore, n. Popular superstitions. Fool, v. n. Trifle, toy, play, play the Follow, v. a. 1. Come or go after or fool, play the monkey, act like a fool. behind, go in the rear or in the wake of, Fool, v. a. Deceive, cheat, trick, dupe, tread in the steps of, tread on the heels gull, delude, circumvent, cozen, overof. reach, beguile, hoodwink, chouse, cully, 2. Succeed, come next, tread close impose upon. upon. Foolery, n. Absurdity, nonsense, buf3. Pursue, chase, run after, go after. foonery, folly, tomfoolery, mummery, 4. Attend, accompany, go along with, foolish conduct. keep company with. Foolhardy, a. Rash, venturous, ad5. Obey, heed, observe, be guided by, venturous, venturesome, reckless, desconform to, yield to. perate, hot-headed, hot-brained, hair6. Seek, cherish, cultivate, strive for. brained, headlong, precipitate. 7. Practise, pursue, attend to, make Foolish, a. 1. Senseless, idiotic, silly, the object of pursuit. weak, DAFT, simple, irrational, insen8. Imitate, copy, pattern after, copy sate, shallow, brainless, witless, thickafter, take as an example. skulled, buffle-headed, shallow-brained. Follow, v. n. 1. Come or go after. 2. Unwise, unreasonable, absurd, 2. Succeed, come next. ridiculous, nonsensical, ill-judged, pre3. Ensue, result, arise, proceed, flow, posterous, indiscreet, imprudent. spring, issue. 3. Idle, trivial, trifling, vain, childFollower, n. 1. Pursuer. ish, puerile, contemptible. 2. Attendant, retainer, dependant, Foolishness, s. 1. Folly, silliness, imcompanion, associate. becility, stupidity, fatuity, shallowness, 3. Adherent, disciple, partisan, pu- dulness, doltishness. pil. 2. Absurdity, extravagance, non4. Imitator, copier. sense, imprudence, indiscretion. Follow up, Examine, scrutinize, inves- 3. Puerility, childishness, triviality. tigate, sift, inquire into, look into. Foot, n. 1. PAW. Folly, n. 1. Foolishness, imbecility, 2. Base, bottom, lower part. fatuity, stupidity, shallowness, dulness, 3. Twelve inches. doltishness. 4. (Mil.) Infantry, foot-soldiers. 2. Absurdity, extravagance, impru- Foot, v. a. 1. Add a foot to (a stocking, dence, nonsense, indiscretion, act of boot, &c.), supply with a foot. folly, foolish act. 2. Add up (figures), sum up. Foment, v. a. 1. Stupe, bathe with Footfall, n. Footstep, footprint, footwarm lotions, apply warm lotions mark, track. to. Foothold, a. ~Footing, place to stand on. 2. Excite, encourage, abet, stimulate, Footing, n. 1. Foothold. brew, stir up. 2. Basis, foundation, ground-work. Fomentation, n. 1. Stupe, local bath- 3. Rank, standing, grade, state, ing (with warnt lotions). status, condition. 2. Instigation, encouragement. 4. Settlement, establishment, stable Fond, a. Doting, over-affectionate, fool- position. ishly loving, excessively tender. 5. Sum total (of a column of figures). Fond of, Taken with, attached to, much Foot it, [Colloquial.] Walk, go on foot. pleased with, delighted with. Footman, is. Runner, footboy, livery Fondle, v. a. Caress, pet, coddle, cosset, servant, man in waiting. treat with fondness, make much of, Footmark, a. Footprint, footstep, make a pet of. track, trace. Fondness, n. 1. Warm love, childish Footpad, n. Highwayman, brigand, affection, excessive tenderness. robber, freebooter, bandit. 2. Liking, partiality, predilection. Footpath, st. Footway. Font, n. 1. Baptismal vessel. Footprint, n. Footmark, footstep, foot2. Fount, assortment of types. fall, track, trace. Fontanel, n$. (Med.) Issue (artificial- Foot-soldiers, in. pl. Foot, infantry. ly caused). Footstalk, is. Petiole, leaf-stalk. Food, n. Aliment, nutriment, nutrition, Footstep, ss. 1. Footprint, footmark, sustenance, BREAD, nourishment, meat, footfall, track, trace. provisions, victuals, viands, diet, regi- 2. Token, mark, sign, vestige. men, fare, cheer, commons, pabulum, Footsteps, n. pl. Example. subsistence, rations, GRUB, PROG, FOD- Foot the bill, [Colloquial.] Pay the DER, PROVENDER, FEED, FORAGE. bill. Foot-boy, is. Runner, footman, livery Foot-traveller, it. Pedestrian, travservant. eller afoot.

Page  167 FOOTWAY 167 FOREIGNER Footway, n. Footpath. Force from, Extort, wrest from. Fop, n. Coxcomb, dandy, exquisite, Forced, a. 1. Compelled, constrained. beau, jackanapes, jack-a-dandy, maca- 2. Strained, unnatural, catachrestic, roni, popinjay, SWELL, man-milliner, far-fetched, studiously sought. man of dress, vain fellow. Forcible, a. 1. Powerful, strong, Foppery, a. Coxcombry, dandyism, mighty, weighty, potent, impressive, foppishness, showy folly, vanity in irresistible, cogent, all-powerful. dress. 2. Violent, impetuous. Foppish, a. Dandyish, coxcombical, 3. Energetic, vigorous, effective, effidandified, vain of dress. cacious. Foppishness, n. Coxcombry, foppery. Forcibly, ad. 1. Powerfully, mightFor, prep. 1. Because of, by reason of. ily. 2. On account of; for the sake of. 2. Violently; VI ET ARMIS, at the 3. In the place of, instead of. point of the sword. 4. Concerning, with respect to, with 3. Energetically,vigorously, effectiveregard to. ly, with might and main. 5. Toward, towards. Forcing-pit, n. Hot-bed. 6. Conducive to, beneficial to. Ford, v. a. Wade through (a river). 7. Against, in opposition to, as anti- Fore, a. 1. Anterior, preceding, prior. dote to. 2. Front, not back, not behind. 8. During, during the term of. Forebode, v. a. 1. Foretell, predict, 9. According to, in spite of, as far as. presage, portend, augur, betoken, fore10. In favor of, on the side of. shadow, foreshow, prognosticate, pre11. In quest of, with a view to. figure, be ominous of. 12. As being. 2. Foreknow, be prescient of, have For, coQj. Because, since, on this ac- foreknowledge of, have prescience of. count that. Foreboding, n. Prognostication, preForage, n. Food (for horses and cat- sage, omen, augury. tie). Forecast, v. a. 1. Foresee, anticipate, Forage, v. a. Wander in search of -look forward to, provide against. forage. 2. Contrive, plan, project, devise, Forager, n. BUMaIER, raider. scheme. Foralnen, n. (Anat. & Bot.) Hole, ori- Forecast, n. 1. Foresight. prevision, fice, perforation. forethought, anticipation, provident Foraminated, a. Perforated, forami- regard to the future. nous. 2. Contrivance, scheming, planning. Forasmuch as, Since, whereas, inas- Foreclose, v. a. 1. Preclude, prevent, much as, because that, in consideration stop, debar, hinder, shut out. that, seeing that. 2. (Law.) Deprive of the power of Foray, n. [Written also Forray.] In- redeeming (a mortgage). road, irruption, raid, piratical invasion, Foredoom, v. a. Predestine, foreordain, hostile incursion. preordain, doom beforehand. For aye, [Poetical.] Always, FORn VER. Forefather, n. Progenitor, ancestor, Forbear, v. n. 1. Stop, pause, cease, father, foregoer. desist, stay, break off, leave off, give -For effect, To make an impression, for over. the sake of effect. 2. Abstain, refrain. Forefend, v. a. [Rare.] Avert, prevent, Forbear, v. a. 1. Shun, decline, avoid. hinder, forbid, ward off, keep off. 2. Omit, withhold, abstain from. Forego, v. a. Relinquish, resign, sur3. Spare, treat with indulgence. render, cede, yield, abandon, give up, Forbearance, n. 1. Forbearing, shun- part with, let go. ning, abstinence, avoidance. Foregoer, n. 1. Precursor, forerunner, 2. Patience, lenity, indulgence, long herald, harbinger, avant-courier. suffering. 2. Ancestor, forefather, progenitor, Forbid, v. a. Prohibit, inhibit, inter- father. dict. Foregoing, a. Preceding, previous, Forbidding, a. Repulsive, abhorrent, antecedent, prior, former. odious, disagreeable, unpleasant, offen- Foregone, a. Predetermined, decided sive. beforehand. Force, n. 1. Strength (regarded as ac- Forehanded, a. [U. S.] Beforehand, tive), power, might, energy, vigor. in comfortable circumstances (as re2. Efficacy, efficiency, potency, va- spects property), well off, well to do. lidity, cogency, virtue, agency. Forehead, n. Front, brow. 3. Violence, compulsion, coercion, Foreign, a. 1. Alien, outlandish, exconstraint, enforcement. otic, not native, not domestic, from 4. Army, troop, legion, host, squad- abroad. ron, phalanx, regiment. 2. Remote, not allied, not pertinent, Force, v. a. 1.. Compel, coerce, con- not appropriate, not congenial, not constrain, necessitate. nected, not belonging. 2. Impel, drive, urge, press, clap. 3. Extraneous, extrinsic, adventi3. Ravish, violate, debauch, constu- tious. prate, deflour, commit a rape on. Foreigner; n. Alien, stranger.

Page  168 FOREKNOW 168 FOReM Foreknow, v. a. Foresee, forebode, 2. Fine, mulct, amercement, penalty, know beforehand, be prescient of, have forfeit. prescience of, have previous knowledge Forge, n. 1. Smithy (for heavy work), of, have foreknowledge of. iron-works. Foreknowledge, n. Foresight, pres- 2. Furnace (to make iron more mallecience, previous knowledge. able), shingling-mill. Foreland, n. Promontory, cape, head- Forge, v. a. 1. Beat (metal), form (by land, point of land. heating and hammering). Foreman, n. 1. Presiding officer (of a 2. Devise, invent, frame, coin. jury). 3. Falsify, counterfeit, fabricate. 2. Overseer, superintendent, BOSS, Forger,?. 1. Maker, contriver. chief workman, master workman. 2. Counterfeiter, falsifier. Forementioned, a. Aforesaid, above- Forgery, i. 1. Counterfeiting, falsificamentioned, forenamed. tion. Foremost, a. First, most advanced, 2. Counterfeit. front. Forget, v. a. 1. Lose the remembrance Forename, n. Christian name. of, let slip from the mind, not rememForenamed, a. Aforesaid, above-men- ber. tioned, forementioned, above-named. 2. Think no more of, consign to obForensic, a. Juridical, judicial. livion. Foreordain, v. a. Predestinate, prede- Forgetful, a. 1. Apt to forget. termine, preordain, foredoom. 2. Negligent, inattentive, neglectful, Forerun, v. a. Precede, go before, come careless, heedless, mindless. before. Forgetfulness, n. 1. Aptness to forget, Forerunner, n. 1. Precursor, harbin- failure of memory. ger, herald, foregoer, avant-courier. 2. OBLIVION. 2. Prelude, prognostic, sign, omen. 3. Negligence, inattention, carelessForesee, v. a. Foreknow, forecast, fore- ness, heedlessness. bode, see beforehand, have prescience Forget one's self, Lose self-control, of, be prescient of. commit an indiscretion. Foreshadow, v. a. Prefigure, foreshow, Forgive, v. a. PARDON (especiallyfor a foretell, predict, prognosticate, presig- small offence), absolve, excuse, acquit. nify. Forgiveness,.'. PARDON, absolution, Foreshow, v. a. Prefigure; FORESHAD- remission, acquittal.. Ow. For good, Finally, as the final move, Foresight, n. 1. Foreknowledge, pres- for good and all. cience, prevision. For good and all, FOR GOOD. 2. Forecast, forethought, precaution, Forgotten, a. 1. Gone from one's prudence, anticipation, provident re- mind, out of one's recollection. gard to the future. 2. Buried in oblivion, sunk in obForeskin, n. Prepuce. livion. Forest, n. Wood (of large extent), woods, Fork, n. Branch, division, divaricawoodland, grove. tion. Forestall, v. a. 1. Anticipate, fore- Fork, v. n. Branch, divide. taste, antedate, take in advance. Forked, a. Furcate, furcated. 2. Engross, monopolize, regrate, get Forlorn, a. 1. Deserted, abandoned, exclusive possession of (in order to eni- forsaken, friendless, solitary, lost. hance prices); 2. Wretched, miserable, pitiable, desForetaste, v. a. Anticipate, FORE- titute, helpless, comfortless, disconsoSTALL. late, woe-begone. Foretaste, n. Anticipation, antepast, Forlorn hope, 1. Vanguard, skirmishprelibation, forestalling, presentiment, ers, advanced body of troops. taste Seforehand. 2. Desperate case, doubtful enterForetell, v. a. 1. Predict, prophesy. prise, hazardous adventure. 2. Prognosticate, foreshow, foreshad- Form, n. 1. Shape (wvith especial referow, presignify, betoken, portend, augur, ence tostructucre), figure, configuration, bode, presage. conformation, mould, fashion, cast, cut, Forethought, 1n. Foresight, forecast, TOURNURE.. anticipation, precaution, prudence, 2. Mode, method, formula, formuprovident regard to the future. lary, established practice. For ever, ad. Always, perpetually, eter- 3. Manner, system. nally, endlessly, ever, evermore, AYE, 4. Regularity, order, arrangement, for aye, at all times, to the end of time, shapeliness. time without end, through endless ages. 5. Ceremony, formality, ceremonial, Forewarn, v. a. Caution, admonish, conventionality, etiquette, conventional advise, warn. rule. Forfeit, n. Fine, mulct, amercement, 6. Empty show, mere appearance. penalty, forfeiture. 7. Bench, long seat (without a back). Forfeit, v. a. Lose (by some offence, by 8. Class, rank of students. neglect, or by breach of condition). 9. Type in a chase (readyfor printForfeiture, n. 1. Loss (by some offence, ing). &c.). 10. Mould, pattern, model,

Page  169 FORM 169 FOSTER Form, v. a. 1. Fashion, shape, carve, For the better, For improvement, for mould. greater good. 2. Make, create, produce. For the noince, For the occasion, for the 3. Contrive, devise, invent, frame. present time, for the present purpose. 4. Constitute, compose, make up. For the present, For the time being, 5. Arrange, dispose, combine. for a while. Formal, a. 1. Express, explicit, posi- Forthwith, ad. Immediately, directly, tive, in due form, according to estab- instantly, INSTANTER, without delay. lished form. Fortification, n. 1. Military architec2. Regular, methodical. ture. 3. Ceremonious, precise, punctilious, 2. Fort, FORTRtESS, stronghold, castle, stiff, starch, starched, prim, affectedly citadel, bulwark, fortified place. exact. Fortify, v. a. 1. Protect by fortifica4. Constitutive, essential. tions. 5. External, as mere form. 2. Strengthen, confirm, brace, add Formality, a. 1. Custom, established strength to. mode, settled method, rule of proceed- Fortiter in re, [L.] With vigor and ing. firmness in action. 2. Ceremony, conventionality, eti- Fortitude, n. Endurance (with7 courage), quette, mere form. firmness, resolution, patience, strength Formation, n. Creation, production. of mind, passive courage. Forlmative, a. 1. Plastic. Fortnight, n. Two weeks. 2. (Gram.) Derivative, not radical. Fortress, n. Fortification, fort, strongFormler, a. Maker, framer, author, hold, castle, citadel, fortified place (of creator, constructer. great magnitude). Formler, a. 1. Previous, prior, anterior, Fortuitous, a. Accidental, casual, conantecedefit, preceding, foregoing. tingent, incident a, happening by 2. Quondam, ci-devant, late, old- chance. time. Fortuity, n. Accidentalness, chance, 3. Past, gone by. contingency. 4. First named, first mentioned. Fortunate, a. 1. LUCKY, successful, Formerly, ad. Heretofore, anciently, prosperous, favored, happy. aforetime, of old, in times past, in days 2. Propitious, auspicious, favorable. of yore, long ago, in past ages. Fortune, ns. 1. Chance, accident, luck, Formidable, a. Fearful, dreadful, ter- hap, fortuity. rible, REDOUBTABLE, frightful, terrific, 2. Livelihood, means of living. horrible, tremendous. 3. Estate, substance, property, posFormula, a. Form, rule, model, formu- sessions. lary. 4. Wealth, riches, opulence. Formulary, n. 1. Book of forms. 5. Destiny, fate, destination, doom, 2. Form, model, rule, formula. lot, star, future condition. 3. Ritual. 6. Event, issue, result. Fornicate, a. (Bot.) Arched, vaulted. 7. Success, favorable issue. Forray, n. [Written alsoForay.] Inroad, Fortune-teller, n. Augur, soothsayer, irruption, raid, descent, partial inva- prophet, seer. sion, hostile incursion. Forum, n. Tribunal, court, court of Forsake, v. a. Leave, quit, desert, re- justice. linquish, abandon, renounce, forswear, Forward, } ad. Onward, progressively, drop, give up, give over, cast off. Forwards, not backward. Forsaker, no. Deserter. Forward, a. 1. Onward, progressive. Forsooth, ad. Certainly, truly, really, 2. Front, fore, at the fore part, near in truth, in fact, of a truth, in good the fore part. truth. 3. Ready, prompt, willing, eager, Forswear, v. a. 1. Renounce (upon earnest, zealous. oath), reject, leave, quit, desert, for- 4. Bol.d, confident, presumptuous, sake, abandon, drop. presuming, impertinent, pert, flippant, 2. Deny, abjure, recant, retract. brazen, assuming, brazen-faced, BRASForswear one's self, Perjure one's SY, CHEEKY. self, take a false oath, swear falsely, 5. Early, premature. bear false witness, break one's word, Forwa'rd, v. a. 1. Advance, promote, break one's faith, play false. further, foster, support, favor, encourFort, n. Fortification, fortress, strong- age, help on, help forward. hold, bulwark, castle, citadel, fastness, 2. Quicken, hasten, accelerate, expefortified place. fdite, speed, despatch, hurry. Forte, n. Peculiar talent, special gift, 3. Transmit, send on, send forward. strong side, chief excellence, strong Fosse, l. (Fort.) Ditch, moat, graff. point, that in which one excels. Fossil, n. Petrifaction. Forth, ad. 1. Onward, forward. Foster, v. a. 1. Nurse, nourish, feed, 2. Out, abroad, from retirement, from support, sustain, bring up, rear up. confinement. 2. Cherish, encourage, favor, proFor the best, To secure the best re- mote, stimulate, forward, further, adsult. vance, help onl, help forward.

Page  170 FOUL 170 FRAUD Foul, a. 1. Impure, nasty, squalid, 2. Break, crack, breach, cleft, fissure, dirty, polluted, filthy, unclean, soiled, rift, flaw, rent, opening. tarnished, stained, sullied. Fragile, a. 1. Brittle, frangible, easily 2. Disgusting, loathsome, offensive, broken. noisome. 2. Frail, weak, feeble, INFIRM. 3. Base, scandalous, infamous, vile, Fragility, an. 1. Brittleness, frangiblescurvy, unfair, dishonorable, sinister, ness. wicked, dark, abominable, detestable, 2. Frailty, weakness, feebleness. disgraceful, shameful. Fragment, n. Remnant, scrap, chip, 4. Obscene, vulgar, coarse, low. detached part, part broken off. 5. Abusive, insulting, scurrilous, foul- Fragmentary, a. Fractional, broken. mouthed. Fragrance, t to. Perfume, aroma, re6. Stormy, rainy, cloudy. Fragrancy, dolence, balminess, inFoul play, Injustice, unfairness, dis- cense, pleasing scent, grateful odor, honesty, wrong. - sweetness of smell. Foul-nlouthed, a. Abusive, insulting, Fragrant, a. Aromatic, redolent, balmy, insolent, blackguard, scurrilous, foul. odoriferous, odorous, perfumed, sweetFoumart, a. Polecat, fitchew, fitchet smelling, sweet-scented. (AMlustela putorius). Frail, a. 1. Fragile, frangible, BRITTLE, Found, v. a. 1. Base, set, fix, place, easily broken (across). ground, lay the foundation of. 2. Weak, feeble, fragile, INFIRM. 2. Build, construct, erect, raise. 3. Liable to err, easily led astray, of 3. Establish, institute, originate. infirm virtue. 4. Cast, form in a mould. Frailty, n. 1. Weakness, feebleness, Foundation, n. 1. Basis, base, ground- infirmity, frailness. work, footing, bottom. 2. Fault, foible, defect, imperfection 2. Establishment, settlement. failing, weak point, weak side, blind 3. Endowment. side. Founder, n. 1. Originator, institutor, 3. Liability to err, proneness to error, establisher, planter. want of moral strength. 2. Caster (of metals). Frame, v. a. 1. Construct, build, put Founder, v. n. 1. Sink (as a ship by together. filling with woater), go to the bottom. 2. Form, compose, make, constitute. 2. Fail, miscarry. 3. Invent, devise, plan, contrive. 3. Trip, stumble, fall. 4. Fabricate, forge. Foundling, an. Abandoned infant. 5. Put into a frame. Fount, 5i. 1. [Poetical.] Spring, foun- Frame, n. 1. Skeleton, framing, frametain. work, carcass. 2. Font, assortment of types. 2. Form, structure, fabric, system, Fountain, ns. 1. Spring, well, font. scheme, constitution. 2. Jet, JET D'EAU. 3. Condition, state, temper, mood. 3. Source, original, origin, cause, first Framer, n. Former, maker, author, principle, fountain-head. creator, constructer. Fountain-head, n. Source, original, Framework, n. Skeleton, frame, framorigin, cause, fountain, first princi- ing, carcass. pie. Franchise, n. 1. Right, privilege. Fourfold, a. Quadruple. 2. Immunity, exemption. Fourfold, a. Four times as many, four Frangible, a. Brittle, fragile, easily times as much. broken. Four-handed, a. Quadrumanous. Frank, a. Artless, candid, open, ingenuFourierismn, i. Socialism, phalansteri- ous, free, sincere, frank-hearted, unreanism, humanitarianism, Saint Simo- served, without disguise. nianism. Frank-hearted, a. Candid, open, inFourscore, a. & n. Eighty. genuous, FRANK. Foursquare, a. Quadrangular. Frankincense, i. 1. Gallipot, BurFowl, n. 1. Bird, winged animal. gundy pitch. 2. Poultry, barn-door fowl, domestic, 2. OLIBANUM. fowl. Frantic, a. Furious, raving, raging, Fox-shark, ni. Thrasher, sea-fox, sea- mad, distracted, wild, infuriate, frenape (Carcharias vulpes). zied. Foxy, a. Artful, wily, cunning, crafty, Fraternal, a. Brotherly. sly, subtle. Fraternity, n. Association, society, Fracas, a. Uproar, tumult, disturbance, company, circle, brotherhood, sodality, row, outbreak, noisy quarrel. league, clan, united body. Fraction, n. 1. Part, portion, fragment, Fraternize, v. n. Sympathize, harmosection, piece, bit, scrap. nize, consort, coalesce, concur, associate 2. (Arith.) Part of a unit. (as brothers), COTTON, make common Fractional, a. Broken, fragmentary. cause, HITCH HORSES TOGETHER. Fractious, a. Cross, captious, petulant, Fraud, n. Deceit, deception, duplicity, touchy, testy, peevish, fretful, splenetic, imposition, imposture, guile, trick, pettish, snappish, waspish, irritable. cheat, chouse, artifice, stratagem, wile, Fracture, n. 1. Breaking, rupture. COLLUSION, humbug, hoax.

Page  171 FRAUDULENT 171 FRIENDSHIP Fraudulent, a. Dishonest, knavish, Frequency, n. Oftenness, common octreacherous, deceitful, deceptive, false, currence. trickish, TRICKY, crafty, wily, collusive, Frequent, a. Common, usual, oft-recovinous. peated, every day, of common occurFraught, a. Filled, stored, freighted, rence. laden, charged. Frequent, v. a. Haunt, visit often, reFray, n. 1. Combat, battle, fight. sort to frequently. 2. Broil, quarrel, riot, affray. Frequently, ad. Often, repeatedly, Fray, v. a. Rub, wear, fret. many times, at short intervals, not Freak, ni. 1. Whim, whimsey, caprice, rarely, not seldom. fancy, humor, crotchet, maggot, vagary, Fresh, a. 1. New, recent. quirk, WRlNKLE. 2. Blooming, flourishing, unfaded. 2. Gambol, antic, caper. 3. Good, sweet, of recent growth, in Freakish, a. Whimsical, capricious, a good state, not stale. odd, humorsome, erratic. 4. Florid, healthy, well, hearty, vigFree, a. 1. Independent, unrestrained, orous. hardy, strong. at liberty. 5. Vivid, lively, not dulled, not im2. Released, delivered, emancipated, paired. liberated. 6. Just received, just arrived. 3. Exempt, clear. 7. Not salt, without salt. 4. Allowed, permitted, open. 8. Pure and cool. 5. Unobstructed, unimpeded, unre- 9. Brisk, strong, forcible. stricted, open. 10. Raw, uncultivated, unpractised, 6. Frank, ingenuous, candid, artless, untrained, unskilled, inexperienced. sincere, unreserved, frank-hearted. Freshen, v. a. Make fresh. 7. Generous, liberal, bountiful, chari- Freshen, v. n. 1. Grow fresh. table, munificent, free-hearted, open- 2. Grow brisk (said of thee wind). handed, not parsimonious. Freshet, n. Sudden flood (in a river 8. Prodigal, lavish, immoderate. fiomn rains or mnelting snow). 9. Ready, eager, prompt, willing. Freshman, n. 1. Novice, tyro, begin10. Gratuitous, spontaneous, willing. ner, learner. Free, v. a. 1. Liberate, emancipate, 2. Student of the first year (iin colmanumit, release, disinthral, enfran- leges), student of the lowest class. chise, deliver, set free, set at liberty. Fret, v. a. 1. Rub, chafe, wear (by 2. Rid, clear, disengage. Jfriction), wear away. Freebooter, ns. Robber, plunderer, pil- 2. Vex, tease, irritate, gall, provoke, lager, despoiler, highwayman, footpad, nettle, affront, make angry. brigand, bandit, marauder. 3. Variegate, diversify. Freedom, at. 1. LIBERTY, independ- Fret, v. n. Chafe, fume, rage, be vexed, ence, exemption from restraint. be irritated, be chafed, be peevish, be 2. Scope, range, play, swing, free fretful, be angry. play, full play, full swing. Fret, n. 1. Agitation, irritation, vex3. Franchise, immunity, privilege. ation. 4. Familiarity, license. 2. Herpes, tetter, ringworm. Free-hearted, a. Liberal; generous, Fretful, a. Peevish, petulant, touchy, bounteous, bountiful, open-handed. testy, snappish, waspish, pettish, spleFree play, Freedom, range, scope, full netic, spleeny, captious, irritable, illplay, swing, full swing. humored. Free-spoken, a. Frank, unreserved. Fretfulness, n. Peevishness, petulance, Free-thinker, n. Sceptic, unbeliever, testiness, ill-humor, ill-temper. infidel, DEIST. Friable, a. Crumbling, brittle, crisp, Free-will, n. 1. Unrestrained will, pulverable, easily crumbled. powver of choice. Friar's lantern, n. IGlNIS FATUUS, 2. Spontaneity, voluntariness. will o' the wisp, jack-a-lantern. Free-will, a. Voluntary, spontaneous. Fribble, a. Trifling, frivolous, silly. Freeze, v. n. 1. Be congealed, be frozen. Fribble, n. Trifler, frivolous fellow. 2. Be chilled. Friction, at. Attrition, abrasion, conFreeze, v. a. 1. Congeal, solidify by frication, rubbing. cold, turn to ice. Friend, n. 1. Patron, advocate, confi2. Chill, benumb.'dant, adherent, associate, ally, intiFreight, v. a. Load, lade, charge. mate, good genius, bosom friend. Freight, ni. 1. Cargo, lading, load, 2. Favorer, encourager, well-wisher. burden. 3. Quaker. 2. Freightage, freight money, charge Friendly, a. 1. Amicable, fraternal, for freight. neighborly, kind, well-affected, on good Freightage, n. Freight, freight money. terms, on friendly terms; on a friendly, French-pie, Great spotted woodpecker familiar, or intimate footing; not hos(Picus major). tile, not inimical. Frenzy, n. [Sometimeswritten Phi-rensy.] 2. Favorable, propitious, salutary. Madness, rage, fury, distraction, rav- Friendship, it. Friendliness, amity, ing, insanity, lunacy, derangement, amicableness, fellowship, attachment, mania, delirium, aberration of mind. intimacy.

Page  172 FRIGHT 172 FRUSTRATION Fright, v. a. [Poetical.] Frighten. 2. Confront, encounter, oppose, meet Fright, cn. Alarm, affright, terror, dis- face to face. may, consternation, panic, sudden fear. Front, v. n. Face, be opposite. Frighten, v. a. Alarm, affright, terrify, Frontal, cn. Frontlet, brow-band. scare, dismay, daunt, intimidate, shock Frontier, n. Confine, border, boundary, with sudden fear. COAST, marches, limits. Frightful, a. Terrible, terrific, GREW- Frontier, a. Conterminous, bordering. SOirE, fearful, alarming, dreadful, dire- Frontlet, n. Frontal, brow-band. ful, dire, horrid, horrible, awful, shock- Frost, i. Rime, hoar-frost, frozen dew. ing. Frost, v. a. Ice, cover with frosting. Frigid, a. 1. Cold, cool, GELID, not Frost-fish, a. Tom-cod (Mgorrhusa plruhot, of a low temperature. inosa). 2. Dull, unanimated, lifeless. Frosting, cn. Icing, concreted sugar (for 3. Forbidding, formal, prim, stiff, re- coating cake). pulsive, chilling. Frost-weed, cn. FROST-WORT. Frigidity,?1. 1. Coldness, coolness, Frost-wort, ic. Frost-weed, rock-yose frigidness. (Helianthenzamum Canadensis ). 2. Dulness, lifelessness, want of ani- Frosty, a. 1. Cold, icy, wintry. mation. 2. White, gray-haired. Frigidhess, nW. FRIGIDITY. Froth, ns. Spume, foam. Frill, ci. Ruffle, edging. Froth-spit, cc. Cuckoo-spittle. Fringed, a. Fimbriate, fimbriated. Frothlworm, cc. Froghopper. Frippery, it. 1. Old clothes, cast-off Frothy, a. 1. Foamy, spumy. dresses. 2. Trifling, light, empty, trivial, vain, 2. Trumpery, second-hand finery. frivolous, unsubstantial. Friseur, cn. [Fr.] Hair-dresser. Froward, a. Fractious, perverse, reFrisk, v. c. Leap, skip, hop, frolic, fractory, untoward, unyielding, ungovromp, gambol, dance. ernable, disobedient, wayward, peevish, Frisky, a. Gay, lively, playful, sportive, petulant, cross. frolicsome, coltish, full of frolic. Frown, v. cc. Scowl, look stern. Frith, cc. 1. Strait. Frown, c. Scowl. stern look. 2. Estuary, inlet, armn of the sea. Frowzy, a. 1. [Low.] Fetid, rank, noiFritter, c2. 1. Small pan-cake, dough- some, stinking, offensive, ill-scented, nut, fried cake. strong-smelling. 2. Fragment, piece, shred. 2. lRough and tangled (as the hair). Fritter, v. a. 1. Slice, cut into small Fructify, v. a. Fertilize, make fruitful. pieces. Frugal, a. Provident, economical, siv2. Break into fragments. ing, sparing, choice, chary, careful, Fritter away, 1. Diminish, pare off, thrifty; not profuse, prodigal, or lavish. reduce to nothing. Frugality, t. Economy, thrift, thrifti2. Misuse (time), waste, idle away, ness, good husbandry. fool away. Fruit, cn. 1. Produce (of the earthfor Frivolity,. Levity, lity,. Levity, puerility, trifling- the sppl of nan and acninals'), harvest, ness, triviality, frivolousness, folly. crop. Frivolous, a. Trifling, trivial, worth- 2. Product, result, consequence, less, petty, flimsy, idle, puerile, childish, effect. trashy, foolish. 3. Qffspring, issue, young. Frivolousness, n. FRIvOLITY. 4. (Bot.) Matured ovary. Frizzle, v. a. Curl, crisp. Fruitful, a. I. Productive, abounding Froghopper, cc. Frothworm. in fruit. Frolic, ci. 1. Gambol, escapade, spree, 2. Prolific, fertile, fecund, not barlark, bender, wild prank, flight of ren. levity. 3. Plentiful, plenteous, abundant, 2. Fun, pleasantry, drollery. rich. 3. Scene of merriment. Fruition, n. Enjoyment (in the possesFrolic, v. n. Be merry, be frolicsome, sion or the use of alny thing). play pranks, cut capers. Fruitless, a. 1. Unfruitful, unproducFrolicsome, a. Sportive, playful, DAFT, tive, barren, sterile, unprolific, unfergamesome, gay, lively, frisky, coltish, tile, infecund, addle, ACAtRPOUS. full of frolic. ~ 2. Useless, unavailing, bootless, profFronl far, From a great distance. itless, ineffectual, unprofitable, vain, From hand to hand, From one per- idle, futile, abortive, without avail. son to another. Frush,?z. (Farriery.) 1. Frog (of a From hand to mouth, Precariously, horse's foot). as want requires, by spending the 2. Thrush (disease of the frog). wages of to-day for to-day's necessi- Frustrate, v. a.' Defeat, disappoint, ties. balk, foil, baffle, disconcert, bring to Front, n. 1. Forehead, brow. nought. 2. Van, fore-rank. Frustrate, a. Vain, useless, ineffectual, 3. Forepart, forward part. frustrated, of no effect. Fi'ont, v. a. 1. Face, stand over against, Frustration, n. Disappointment, destand opposite to. feat.

Page  173 FRY 173 FURBISH Fry, n. Small fishes, swarm of little Fulness, a. Plenitude, completeness, fishes, small fry.: copiousness, repletion, abundance, proFuddle, v. a. Intoxicate, inebriate, fusion, affluence, plenty. muddle, make drunk. Fulsome, a. Nauseous, offensive, disFuddled, a. Drunk, intoxicated, ine- gusting, loathsome, revolting, repulbriated, muddled, corned, tipsy, crapu- sive, sickening, rank, gross. lous, GROGGY, boozy, tight, high, Fulvid, a. Fulvous. SLEWED, muzzy, NAPPY, disguised, Fulvous, a. Yellow, tawny, fulvid, yelmellow, in liquor, HALF SEAS OVER, in lowish-brown, dull yellow. one's cups, the worse for liquor, three Fumble, v. it. Feel about (awkwardly. sheets in the wind, has had a drop too or childishly), make awkward attempts. much. Fumbler, na. Bungler, lubber, lout. Fudge, interj. Nonsense, FIDDLE-DE- Fume, 9n. Smoke, vapor, steam, exhalaDEE, stuff, moonshine. tion, effluvium, reek. Fudge, lo. [Colloquial.]'Nonsense, stuff, Fume, v. t. 1. Smoke, reek, emit vapor, moonshine, balderdash, twaddle. throw off vapor. Fuel, a. Firing. 2. Rage, rave, fret, bluster, storm, ]Fugacious, a. Transitory, transient, chafe, flare up, be in a passion, be in a evanescent, fleeting, FUGITIVE. rage, get mad, fly off at a tangent. Fugitive, a. 1. Fleeing, flying, escaping. Fumigate, v. a. Smoke, expose to 2. Transitory, transient, evanescent, smoke, cleanse by smoke. fleeting, flying, fugacious, flitting, pass- Fumy, a. Smoky, fuliginous. ing, momentary, short, brief, temporal, Fun, n. Pleasantry, drollery, sport, ephemeral, short-lived. merriment, frolic, gayety. Fugitive, a. Runaway, deserter. Funambulate, v. it. Walk on a Fugleman, a. File-leader, leader, di- rope. rector, flugelman. Funambulist, a. Rope-dancer, acroFulcrum, a. Support (of a lever), prop. bat. Fulfil, v. a. [Written also Fulfill.] 1. Ac- Function, n. 1. Performance, execucomplish, complete, effectuate, realize, tion, discharge, exercise. effect, execute, bring to pass. 2. Province, business, office, duty, 2. Observe, perform, discharge, keep, employment, occupation, part. meet, satisfy, answer, adhere to, com- Functionary, a. Office-holder, incumply with, be faithful to. bent of an office. Fulfilmnent, a. [Written also Fulfill- Fund, i. 1. Stock, capital. ment.] 1. Accomplishment, realization, 2. Store, supply. execution, completion, consummlation. Fundament, n. Bottom, seat. 2. Performance, discharge. Fundamental, a. Essential, primary, Fulgurite, is. Thunder-tube. important, indispensable, radical, conFuliginous, a. 1. Sooty, smoky, fumy. stitutional, organic. 2. Dusky, dark. Fundamental, n. Leading principle, Full, a. 1. Filled, replete. essential part. 2. Abounding, well stocked or pro- Funeral, is. 1. Burial, interment. vided. 2. Obsequies, exequies, funeral sol3. Satiated, sated, glutted, cloyed, emnities, funeral rites. saturated. Funereal, a. Dark, dismal, mournful, 4. Complete, entire, perfect. sombre, sad, woful, gloomy, lugubri5. Abundant, plentiful, copious, plen- ous, melancholy, sepulchral, suitable teous, sufficient, ample. to a funeral. 6. Loud, deep, strong, clear, distinct. Fungosity, is. Excrescence, fungus. 7. Comprehensive, capacious, broad, Fungous, a. Excrescent, fungus-like, large, extensive. spongy. Full, ad. 1. Quite, to the same degree. Fungus, a. 1. Spongy excrescence. 2. Completely, fully. 2. (Bot.) Flowerless plant (as the 3. Exactly, precisely, directly. nmushroomn, toadstool, &c.), cryptogamous Full, v. a. Thicken and cleanse (cloth). plant. Full-drive, ad. [Colloquial.] At a furious Funicle, a. Fibre, filament, small cord, rate, as fast as possible. small ligature. Fuller's thistle, a. Teasel. Funk, n. [Lows.] Stink, stench, fetor, Fuller's weed, bad odor, offensive smell. Fully, ad. Completely, entirely, abun- lFunk, v. it. [Low.] 1. Stink, emit a dantly, largely, full, to the full. bad odor, emit a stench. Fulminate, v. n. Explode, detonate. 2. Shrink back, be in fear, be frightFulminate, v. a. Utter with a menace, ened. proclaim with denunciation. Funnel, n. 1. Tunnel. Fulminate, v. it. Utter, threaten (as by 2. Chimney-flue. ecclesiastical authority), hurl denunci- 3. Stove-pipe. ations. IFnny, a.. Comical, droll, farcical, luFulmination, n. 1. Denunciation, dicrous, sportive, humorous, laughable, threatening, anathema, ban, curse, mal- diverting, amusing. ediction. Furbelow, as. Flounce, frill. 2. Explosion, detonation. Furbish, v. a. Burnish, polish.

Page  174 FURCATE 174 GAG Furcate, a. (Bot.) Forked, fork- 2. Impetuosity, vehemence. Furcated, shaped. 3. Goddess of Vengeance. Furfuraceous, a. Scurfy, branny, scaly, 4. Vixen, virago, hag, shrew, termascabby, lentiginous. gant, beldam, Xantippe, turbulent woFurious, a. 1. Raging, frantic, infuri- man. ated, frenzied, mad, violent, fierce, very Furze, n. Gorse, goss, whin ( Ulex Euroangry. peus). 2. Vehement, impetuous, tempestu- Furze-chat, n. Whinchat (Saxicola ruous, stormy, boisterous, tumultuous, betra). turbulent. Furzy, a. Gorzy. Furlong, ai. Forty rods, poles, or Fuse, v. a. 1. Melt, liquefy (by heat), perches; eighth of a mile. smelt. Furlough, l. Leave of absence. 2. Amalgamate, blend together, make Furnish, v. a. 1. Provide, supply, equip, homogeneous. fit out, fit up. Fuse, v. n. Melt, be fused. 2. Give, bestow, present, contribute, Fusel-oil, ai. Hydrate of amyle, grain afford. oil, potato-spirit oil, oil of grain, cornFurniture, n. 1. Movables, chattels, spirit oil. effects, goods. Fusiform, a. Spindle-shaped. 2. Appendages, apparatus. Fusion, a. 1. Liquefaction (by heat), 3. Equipage, ornaments, decorations, melting. embellishments. 2. Amalgamation, blending together, Furor, n. [L.] Fury, rage, madness. making homogeneous. Furrow, n. 1. Trench (made by a Fuss, n. [Colloquial.] Ado, bustle, fidget, plough). hurry, worry, flurry, stir, excitement, 2. Channel, groove, fluting, cham- agitation, PUCKER, much ado about fer. trifles, or about nothing. Furrow, v. a. Hollow, cut in furrows. Fuss, v. n. [Colloquial.] Bustle, be in Further, a. 1. Farther, more remote a fidget, be in a stew, be in a pucker, (from the starting point), more in ad- make much ado about trifles or about vance. nothing. 2. Additional. Fussy, a. [Colloquial.] Bustliig, fidgety, Further, ad. 1. Farther, more remotely, busy about trifles. more in advance, to a greater distance Fust, n. Mustiness, mould, mildew. (from the starting point). Fustian, n. Bombast, nonsense, rant, 2. Farther, moreover, besides, fur- rhodomontade, inflated style, swelling thermore. or pompous phraseology. Furtherance, n. Promotion, advance- Fusty, a. Musty, mouldy. ment, helping forward. Futile, a. 1. Trifling, frivolous, trivial. Furthermore, ad. Moreover, besides, 2. Worthless, valueless, profitless, furthermore. fruitless, bootless, vain, idle, unprofitFurthest, a. Farthest, remotest, most able. remote. Futility, n. 1. Triviality, frivolousness. Furthest, ad. Farthest, to or at the 2. Uselessness, worthlessness, vanity. greatest distance. Future, 1. Futurity, time to come. Furtive, a. Stolen, stealthy, surrep- Future, a. 1. Coming, to come, yet to titious, clandestine, secret, sly. be, that will be. Furuncle, ai. Boil. 2. (Gram.) Denoting futurity. Fury, a. 1. Rage, frenzy, madness, FU- Futurity, a. Future, future time, time ROR, violent anger. to come. G Gab, it. (Low.) Prate, prattle, gabble, Gadder,. Gossip, tattler, babbler, idle talk. Gadabout, J chatterer, gabbler, pratGabble, v. n. Prate, prattle, babble, tier, prater, idle talker. chatter, jabber, talk idly, rattle on. Gadfly, n. Breese, horsefly. Gabble, i. Prate, prattle, chatter, clack, Gael, n. 1. Scotch Celt, Scotch Highcackle, gossip, palaver, gab, idle talk, lander. small talk. 2. Irish Celt. Gabbler, n. Prater, prattler, babbler, Gafter, n. 1. Goodman. chatterer, tattler, gossip, gadabout, rat- 2. Old rustic, old fellow. tie-head, gadder, idle talker. Gaffle, a. Artificial spur (for fighting Gad, v. ia. Rove about idly, ramble with- cocks). out definite purpose. Gag, v. a. Silence, stifle, muzzle, mufle.

Page  175 GAG 175 GANGUE Gag, v. I. Keck, retch. Gall-fly, n. Gall-insect, Cynips. Gage, n. 1. Pawn, pledge, security. Gallic, } a. French. 2. Challenge. Gallican, Gage, v. a. Pawn, impawn, pledge, give Gallicism, n. French idiom. as security. Gallitnaufiy, n. 1. Olio, ragout, hash. Gain, a. Profit, advantage, benefit, 2. Medley, farrago, jumble, miscelemolument, lucre. lany, salmagundi, hotch-potch, hodgeGain, v. a. 1. Get (by effort), acquire, podge, confused mixture. obtain, procure, achieve, secure, carry, Gall-insect, n. Gall-fly, Cynips. win, earn, get-possession of. Gallinule, n. Water-hen, moor-hen, 2. Conciliate, persuade, enlist, get spotted crake (Crex porzana). the good will of, prevail upon, bring Gallipot, n. Frankincense, Burgundy over, win over, gain over. pitch. 3. Reach, attain, arrive at. Gall-nut, n. Nutgall, gall. Gain ground, Increase, advance, pre- Gallon, i. Four quarts. vail, make progress. Gallop, v. a. Canter. Gainful, a. 1. Advantageous, profitable, Gallowses, aI. pl. Suspenders, braces. beneficial. Gall-stone, is. Calculus, bile-stone. 2. Lucrative, remunerative, produc- Galvanism, i. Voltaic electricity, galtive, paying. vanic electricity, chemico-electricity, Gain onI, 1. Obtain influence with, win dynamic electricity. the favor of. Gambier, n. Catechu, cutch, Terra 2. Gain ground upon, gain upon. Japonica, Japan earth. 3. Get the advantage of, get the better Gamble, v. a. Game, play for money, of. practise gaming. Gain over, Gain, enlist, persuade, con- Gambler, a. Gamester, blackleg. ciliate, win over, bring over, prevail Gambling,, n. Gaming, playing for upon. money. Gainsay, v. a. Contradict, deny, con- Galnbol, v.n. Frisk, frolic, romp, caper, trovert, dispute. cut capers, leap, hop or skip (in sport). Gain upon, GAIN ON. Gambol, ia. Frolic, prank, escapade, Gairish, a. [Written also Garish.] Glar- skip, hop, caper, romp. ing, flaunting, showy, gaudy, tawdry, Gambrel-roof, n. [U. S.] Curb-roof, flashy, gay, FINE, airy. mansard-roof. Gait, a. Carriage, walk, manner of walk- Game, it. 1. Sport, play, amusement, ing. pastime. Gala-day, n. Holiday, day of festivity, 2. Plan, scheme, enterprise, adventday of rejoicing. ure, undertaking, measure. Galaxy, n. 1. Milky Way. 3. Animals of the chase. 2. Splendid assemblage. 4. Quarry, prey. Gale, n. 1. Breeze, current of air. Game, a. Courageous, brave, resolute, 2. Hurricane, tempest, storm. unflinching, fearless, valorous, chivGalena, a. Native sulphuret of lead. alrous, dauntless, intrepid, gallant, Gall, n. 1. (Ainat.) Bile. heroic. 2. Bitterness, rancor, spite, malice, Game, v. n. Gamble, play for money. maliciousness, malignity. Game-leg, at. [Colloquial.] Lame leg. 3. Nutgall, gall-nut. Gamesome, a. (Jay, sportive, vivaGall, v. a. 1. Chafe, fret, excoriate, cious, sprightly, frolicsome, playful, hurt by rubbing. lively, frisky, full of frolic. 2. Provoke, vex, irritate, tease, ex- Gamester, a. Gambler. asperate, incense, affront, harass, an- Gamin, n. [Fr.] Idle boy, blackguard noy, plague. boy. Gallant, a. 1. Gay, showy, fine, splen- Gaming, n. Gambling, playing for did, magnificent, well-dressed. money. 2. Courageous, brave, valiant, in- Gamlmer, a. Goody, good woman, good trepid,valorous, heroic, chivalrous, fear- wife. less, bold, game, daring, high-spirited. Gamlmon, n. Imposition, CHEAT, hoax, Gallant, na. 1. Beau, spark. humbug. 2. Suitor, wooer, lover. Gaminon, v. a. Deceive, cheat, hum3. Paramour. bug, hoax, chouse, trick, dupe, gull, Gallant, v. a. Wait on (ladies), be at- cozen, overreach, outwit, bamboozle, tentive to. circumvent, delude, diddle, beguile, Gallantry, n. 1. Bravery, courage, mislead, inveigle, impose upon. valor, intrepidity, prowess, heroism, Gamut, a. Scale. boldness, fearlessness, chivalry, con- Gander, a. Male goose. tempt of danger. Gang, n. Company, crew, band, horde, 2. Courtesy, politeness, polite atten- pas'ty, set, CLIQUE, COTERIE, CABAL. tion (to ladies). Gangrene, a. Mortification. Gallery, is. 1. Corridor, passage. Gangrene, v. a. Mortify. 2. Collection of works of art. Gangrene, v. is. Mortify, be mortified, Galley, is. Cook-room (of a ship), ca- lose vitality.'boose. Gangue, n. Matrix (of an ore).

Page  176 GANGWAY 176 GEMMULE Gangway, n. Passage-way. 2. Accumulate, amass, hoard, heap Gannet, n. Booby, noddy, Solan goose. up, gather up. Gaol, n. [Written also and usually Jail.] 3. Pluck, crop, pick, cull, reap, glean. Prison. 4. Infer, deduce, conclude. Gap, 1. Cleft, crevice, opening, chink, 5. Plait, pucker. cranny, crack, interstice, breach, rift, Gather,'?. n. 1. Muster, congregate, break, hiatus. come together. Gape, v. n. 1. Yawn. 2. Collect, increase, thicken, be con2. Open the mouth (as in staring). densed. 3. Open, dehisce, be opened, be sepa- Gathering, n. 1. Acquisition, collectrated. ing, procuring, earning, gain. Garb, at. Dress, clothes, habit, apparel, 2. Assemblage, assembly, company, garments, vesture, raiment, attire, meeting, collection, concourse, congrehabiliment, costume. gation, muster. Garbage, an. Refuse (of flesh), offal. 3. Abscess, sore, ulcer, fester, impostGarble, v. a. Mutilate (a queotation), hume, pustule. falsify, pervert, corrupt, misrepresent, Gand, n. Triiket, gewgaw, bawble, misquote. trifle, toy, worthless piece of finery. Gar-fish, n. Greenbone, horn-fish, sea- Gaudy, a. Showy, gay, flashy, dressy, needle, gar-pike, sea-pike, long-nose, tawdry, finical, glittering, flaunting, gore-bill, sword-fish, mackerel-guide, gairish. snook (Esox belone or Belone vulgaris). Gauge, v. a. 1. Measure (a cask, &c.), Garget, n. (Boet.) Poke, poke-weed, pig- find the contents of. eon-berry (Phytolacca decandra). 2. Measure (as to ability), estimate. Garish, a. [Written also Gairish.] Gauge, n. Measure. Flaunting, glaring, showy, gaudy, taw- Gaunt, a. Lean, thin, lalik, emaciated, dry, flashy, gay, FINE, airy. meagre, slender, spare, attenuated. Garland, n. Wreath, chaplet, crown, Gavel, n. Mallet (of apresiding officer). coronal, bays. Gawky, a. Awkward, ungainly, clownGarment, n. Dress, article of clothing. ish, boorish, rustic, clumsy, raw, green, Garner, n. Granary. uncouth, ungainly, loutish. Garner, v. a. Gather (forpreservation). Gawky, it. Clown, boor, lout, bumpkin, store, hoard, deposit, save, husband, awkward fellow. reserve, collect, garner up, treasure up, Gay, a. 1. Showy, gaudy, flashy, finilay in, lay up, lay by, set by. cal, tawdry, flaunting, gairish, dashing. Garner up, Garner, gather, collect. 2. Merry, lively, cheerful, gleeful, Garnish, v. a. Adorn, decorate, dmi- jovial, sprightly, blithe, blithesome, bellish, deck, beautify, grace. airy, sportive, frolicsome, gladsome, Garniture, n. Embellishment, decora- jolly, buxom, vivacious, hilarious, lighttion, ornament. hearted. Gar-pike, is. GAR-FISH. Gayety, n. 1. Show, gaudiness, finery, Garret, a. Attic, loft, cock-loft, upper tawdriness. story. 2. Liveliness, cheerfulness, joyousGarrulity, in. Loquacity, loquacious- ness, joviality, sprightliness, mirth, ness, babble, babbling, talkativeness. blithesomeness, merriment, glee, hilarGarrulous, a. Loquacious, talkative, ity, jollity, vivacity, animation, good prattling, babbling. humor, high spirits. Gas, it. Aeriform fluid. Gaze, v. n. Stare, gloat, look intently. G(asconade, n. Boast, brag, vaunt, bra- Gaze, n. Stare, intent look, fixed look. vado, vaporing, great cry and little wool. Gazette, i?. Newspaper. Gasconade, v. is. Boast, brag, vaunt, Gazetteer, it. Geographical dictionary. swagger, bluster, vapor. Gear, is. 1. APPAREL, dress, furniture, Gasconaler, is. Boaster, braggart, accoutrements, ornaments, TOGGEaRY. blusterer, BLATHERSKITE. 2. Harness, caparison, rigging, trapGash, v. a. Cut deeply. pings, equipments. Gash, n. Deep cut, gaping wound. 3. Gearing, toothed wheels, series of Gas-holder, is. Gasometer. cog-wheels. Gas-meter, in. Gasometer. Gearing, is. GEAR, toothed wheels. Gasometer, a. 1. Gas-meter. Geld, v. a. Castrate, emasculate, glib, 2. Gas-holder. deprive of virility. Gasp, v. n. Pant, puff, blow. Gelder-rose, an. Snow-ball tree. Gassy, a. [Colloquial.] Inflated, bom- Gelding, in. Castrated animal. bastic, pompous. Gelid, a. [Rare.] Very cold. Gas-tar, n. Coal-tar. Gelidity, n. Extreme cold. Gastric, a. Of the stomach. Gem, n. 1. Jewel, precious stone. Gastrononme, i. Epic tt2. (Bet.) Bud, germ. Gastronoer,. Epicure, glutton. Gem, v. a. 1. Adorn with gems. Gastroscopy, is. (Med.) Abdominos- 2. Embellish, bespangle. copy. Geminate, a. (Beot.) Doubled, twin, in Gather, v. a. 1. Collect, muster, assem- pairs. ble, congregate, bring together, draw Gemini, iz.pl. [L.] (Astron.)- Twins. together. Gemmule, n. (Bot.) Small bud.

Page  177 GENEALOGY 177 GET Genealogy, n. 1. Pedigree, list of an- Gentle, a. 1. Mild, bland, moderate, cestors. clement, lenient, merciful, kind, tender, 2. Descent, derivation. compassionate, indulgent, meek, soft, General, a. 1. Of the whole (genus, humane, of a sweet disposition, not class, &c.), catholic, not partial, not rough, not harsh. special, not particular. 2. Tame, docile, peaceable, quiet, 2. eCUrIEnIsCAL. tractable, pacific, dove-like, not wild, 3. Common, usual. not refractory. 4. Vague, inidefinite, lax. Gentle-folk, I. pl. People of good General, n. 1. Whole, total. Gentle-folks, family and good breed2. (Mil.) Commander-in-chief, gen- ig. eralissimo, captain-general. Gentlemlan, n. 1. t[England.] Man of Generalissimo, 72. Commander-in- good family (above the ranlk of yeomCan). chief, general, captain-general. 2. Man of good breeding, well-manGenerality, n1. 1. Universality. nered man, refined or polished man. 2. Bulk, mass, greater part, main Gentlemlanly, * a. Polite, courtebody, common run. Gentlemanlike, J ous, civil, refined, Generally, ad. 1. Commonly, usually, urbane, genteel, well-bred. in general, in the usual course of things, Gentry, is. [England.] Middle class as the world goes. (betsween the nobility and the vdulgar). 2. In the main, without particular- Genuine, a. 1. Pure, uncorrupt, unizing, without details. alloyed, unadulterated, true, real, veriGenerate, v. a. 1. Beget, procreate, table, authentic, not spurious, not false, engender, breed, propagate. not fictitious, not apochryphal, what 2. Produce, form, make. it purports to be. Generation, in. 1. Procreation. 2. Native, unaffected, sincere. 2. Production, formation. Genus, n. Group (subordinate to a class, 3. Progeny, offspring, succession of tribe, or order), assemblage of species. descendants. Geodesy, n. Land-surveying (lon a large 4. Family, stock, race, breed. scale, as whens the csurvatlure of the earth Generosity, in. 1. Nobleness, disinter- is ta7enl into account). estedness, magnanimity, high-minded- Geometer, ni. Geometrician. ness. Geometrician, n. Geometer. 2. Liberality, bounty, bounteousness, Geoponic, a. Agricultra bountifulness, charity, munificence. Geoponical,. ural. Generous, a. 1. Noble, magnanimous, Geoponies, n. pl. Agriculture, rural honorable, high-minded. economy. 2. Liberal, bountiful, beneficent, mu- Georgiuln Sidus, [L.] (Astronb.) Uraniticent, charitable, open-handed, free- nus, Herschel. hearted. GeranliuL, n. Cranesbill. Geneva, s. Gin. Germ, ni. 1. Ovary, embryo, seed-bud, Genial, a. 1. Fostering, cheering, en- young bud. livening, inspiriting, encouraging. 2. Origin, first principle. 2. Cordial, hearty. Germane, a. 1. Related, akin, allied. 3. Cheerful, pleasant, merry, mirth- 2. Relevant, pertinent, apposite, ap-' ful, jovial. propriate, suitable, fitting, to the purGenitals, il. pl. Sexual organs, private pose, to the point. parts. German-silver, n. Paclfong, white Genitive, a. Possessive. copper. Genius, in. 1. Bent, turn, aptitude, apt- German-tinder, n. Punk, spunk, amness, capacity, faculty, endowment, adou. talent, gift. Germinate, v. 7. Sprout, shoot, vege- 2. Invention, ingenuity, intellect, sa- tate, bud, push, pullulate, put forth, gacity, brains, parts, wit, mother-wit, burst forth, spring up, begin to vegetate. inspiration, creative power, power of Gestation, n. Pregnancy. invention. - Gestic, a. Legendary, traditional, his3. Adept, proficient, master, master- torical. hand,'man of genius. Gesticulate, v. in. Make gestures. 4. Nature, character, disposition, Gesticulation, is. GESTURE. peculiar constitution, characteristic Gesture, in. Action (acconpanying oral quality. utterance), gesticulation. 5. Spirit, demon, tutelary deity. Get, v. a. 1. Procure, obtain, acquire, Genteel, a. 1. Refined, polite, cour- gain, win, earn, achieve, realize, secure, teous, polished, civil, well-bred, gentle- come by. manly or lady-like. 2. Learn, memorize, commit to mem2. Fashionable, stylish, elegant (in ory, get by heart. dress, style of living, &c.). 3. Beget, generate, engender, proGentile, in. Pagan, heathen, worshipper create, breed. of false gods. 4. Procure or cause to be. Gentility, is. Politeness, courtesy, ur- 5. Persuade, induce, dispose, infiubanity, good breeding, good behavior, ence, prevail upon. refinement of manners. 6. Have, have possession of. 12

Page  178 GET AHEAD 178 GIGANTIC Get ahead, Proceed, progress, advance, Getting, n. Acquisition, acquirement. get on, get forward, get along. Get together, (Active.) Collect, assemGet along, Proceed, GET AHEAD. ble, muster, convene. Get among, Come among, come into the Get together, (NVeuter.) Meet, convene. company of. Get up, (Active.) 1. Prepare, make Get asleep, Go to sleep, fall asleep. ready. Get at, 1. Discover, determine, find out. 2. Print and publish. 2. Reach, make way to. Get up, (Neuter.) 1. Arise, rise. Get away, Depart, go away. 2. Ascend, climb. Get away from, Quit, leave, disengage Gewgaw, aL. Bawble, trifle, trinket, one's self from. toy, plaything, gaud, worthless piece of Get back, Return. finery. Get before, Come in front of. Geyser, n. Boiling spring. Get behind, 1. Lag, fall in the rear. Ghastly, a. 1. Pale, wan, cadaverous, 2. Take a position behind. death-like. Get between, Come.between. 2. Dismal, hideous, grim, horrible, Get by heart, Memorize, learn, learn frightful, shocking. by heart, commit to memory. Ghost, iL. 1. Spirit, soul. Get clear, Be released, disengage one's 2. Apparition, spectre, sprite, phanself, get free, get loose, get off tom, shade, GOBLIN, hobgoblin. Get down, Descend, come down. Ghostly, a. 1. Spiritual, of the soul. Get drunk, Become intoxicated. 2. Spectral, phantoll-like. Get forward, Proceed, progress, ad- Giant, is. Monster, Cyclops, Colossus, vance, get along, get ahead, get on. Hercules, huge man. Get free, Be released, get clear, get Giant, a. Iuge, GIGANTIC. loose, get off. Gibbering, ts. Jargon, gabble, jabber, Get head, Gain strength, make progress. Gibberish, idle talk, empty babble, Get home, Reach one's home. empty sound. Get in, (Active.) Put under cover, gather Gibbet, n. Gallows. into a storehouse. Gibbet, v. a. Hang on a gallows. Get in, (NVeuter.) Come in, pass in. Gibble-gabblele, n. Prate, prattle, GABGet into, 1. Mount, climb into. BLE. 2. Be admitted into. Gibbon, a. Hylobate, long-armed ape. Get into a mess, t Get into difficulty, Gibbosity, n. Convexity, protuberance, Get into a muss, GET INTO HOT gibbousness. WATER. Gibbous, a. Convex, protuberant, swellGet into hot water, Get into difficulty, ing, rounded. get into trouble, get into a mess, get Gibbousness,?z. GIBBOSITY. into a muss, fish in troubled waters. Gibe, v. cc. Sneer, sooff, jeer, fleer, flout. Get loose, Disengage one's self, get free, Gibe, v. a. Flout, taunt, deride, ridicule, get clear, get of;, be released. jeer, twit, scoff at, sneer at, jeer at. Get near, Come near. Gibe, ic. Sneer, scoff, taunt, fout, bitGet off, 1. Escape, get clear, get free,. ing jest. 2. Depart, go away. Giddiness, n. Vertigo, dizziness, swim3. Alight from, descend from. ming of the head. Get on, (Active.) Put on, draw on. Giddy, a. 1. Vertiginous, dizzy. Get on, (Neuter.) Proceed, progress, ad- 2. Changeable, fickle, inconstant, vance, get along, get ahead, get for- unsteady, mutable, unstable, irresoward. lute. Get out, 1. Come out. 3. Careless, heedless, thoughtless, 2. Be extricated. wild, reckless, headlong, flighty, hairGet over, 1. Climb over. brained, gilddy-brained, light-headed. 2. Surmount, conquer, overcome. Giddy-brained, a. Hair-brained, heed3. Recover from. less, giddy. Get quit of, Be freed from, get rid of. Gift, it. 1. Donation, present, befiefacGet rid of, 1. Dispose of, shift off, cast tion, boon, gratuity, grant, offering, off. contribution, subscription, donative, 2. Be freed from, be relieved from, largess, SUBSIDY, allowance, endowget clear of, get quit of. ment, bounty, bequest, legacy, dower, Get thee gone, Depart, go away, haste demise, dotation, DOUCEUIR. away. 2. Talent, power, faculty, capability, Get the hang of, Understand, compre- capacity, ability, endowment, genius, hend, get acquainted with, get accus- FORTE, turn. tomed to, get used to, become familiar Gifted, a. Talented, able, ingenious, with, see into, know all about. sagacious, inventive, intelligent. Get the start, Be first, be ahead at the Gift of the gab, [Colloquial.] Fluency, start. volubility, glibness, readiness of speech, Get the start of, Be ahead of, have the command of language, facility of exadvantage of in the outset. pression. Get through, 1. Pass through, go Gigantic, a. Huge, vast, enormous, through. colossal, prodigious, Cyclopean, Hercu2. Accomplish, finish. lean, giant, very large.

Page  179 GIGGLE 179 GLANCE Giggle, n. Titter, silly laugh. Give in, (Active.) 1. Hand in. Giggle, v. n. Laugh (in a silly manner), 2. Abate, deduct, discount. TITTER, CACKLE, CHUCKLE. Give in, (Neuter.) Yield, surrender, Gild, v. a. 1. Coat with gold-leaf. give up, cry quits, cry quarter. 2. Adorn, brighten, make lustrous, Give one's self up, 1. Resign one's self, make bright. devote one's self. Gill, n. 1. 1Quarter of a pint. 2. Addict one's self, abandon one's 2. (Bot.) Alehoof, ground-ivy (Nepeta self. glechoma). Give one the lie, Charge one with lyGirmcrack, n. Trifle, toy, knicknack, ing. JIGGUJMBOB, knack, trivial piece of Give one the lie in one's throat, mechanism. Charge one with lying outrageously. Gin, xn. 1. Geneva. Give over, 1. Leave, quit, abandon, 2. Cotton-gin. cease from. 3. Trap, snare, net, toils, noose, 2. Consider hopeless, consider lost, springe. give up. Ginger-beer, n. Ginger-pop. Give out, (Active.) 1. Emit, send forth. Gingerly, ad. Cautiously, tenderly, 2. Proclaim, announce, report, pubcarefully, daintily, fastidiously. lish. Ginger-pop, n. Ginger-beer. Give out, (Neuter.) 1. Fail, come short. Gingle, v. n. [Written also Jingle.] 2. Be exhausted, spend one's Tinkle. strength. Gingle, v. a. Tinkle. Give place, 1. Withdraw, retire, reGingle, n. Tinkle, gingling, gingling cede, retreat, give way, make room. sound. 2. Yield precedence. Gingling, n. GINGLE. Give up, (Active.) 1. Resign, relinquish, Giraffe, nl. Camelopard. yield, surrender. Girandole, i. Chandelier. 2. Abandon, forsake, leave, quit, Girasole, nc. (Bot.) Turnsole, heliotrope. cease from, give over. Gird, v. a. 1. Girdle, bind round, bind 3. Consider hopeless, consider lost, with a girdle. give over. 2. Surround, encircle, encompass, Give up, (Neucter.) Yield, surrender, enclose, environ, engird, begird. give in, cry quits, cry quarter. 3. Clothe, invest, equip, furnish. Give up the ghost, Die, expire, depart, Girdle, sn. Band (for the waist), belt, decease, leave the world, draw the last CESTUS, cincture. breath, cease to exist. Girdle, v. a. 1. Gird, bind round. Give way, 1. Withdraw, recede, retire, 2. Environ, encompass, surround, retreat, make room. enclose, embrace, girt, shut in. 2. Fail, break, be broken. Girdled, a. Girded, cinctured, belted. 3. (Neaut.) Row, bend to the oars. Girl, n. 1. Lass, lassie, damsel, miss, Giver, n. Donor, bestower, disposer, maiden, maid, virgin, young woman. DONATOR. 2. [U. S.]' Maid-servant, servant- Glacial, a. 1. Icy. maid, servant-girl, female domestic. 2. Of glaciers. Girt, n. 1. Belly-band. Glad, a. 1. Pleased, delighted, gratified, Girth, n. 1. Belly-band. rejoiced, happy, well contented. 2. Circumference, distance around, 2. Cheerful, joyous, joyful, gladsome. Girt, v. a. Environ, encompass, GIRD. 3. Cheering, animating, gratifying, Gist, n. Essence, pith, marrow, sub- pleasing, exhilarating. stance, main point. Glad, v. a. [Poetical.] Delight, GLADGive, v. a. 1. Bestow, (voluntarily and DEN. without comnensatiocn), accord, CON- Gladden, v. a. Delight, cheer, gratify, FER. rejoice, bless, exhilarate, GLAD, make 2. Furnish, supply, afford, spare, ac- glad, please highly. commodate with. Gladiate, a. (Bot.) Sword-shaped. 3. Impart, communicate. Gladiator, Sz. Sword-player, prize4. Pay, exchange. fighter (il ancient Rome). 5. Permit, allow, vouchsafe, deign, Gladness, n. Joy, joyfulness, joyousGRANT. ness, happiness, gratification, delight, 6. Utter, pronounce, render. pleasure. 7. Produce, yield, show as a product. Gladsome,.a. Pleased, delighted, cheer8. Cause, occasion. ful, joyful, joyous, glad, gay, blithe, 9. Devote, apply, addict, give up. blithesome, gleeful, jovial, jolly, merry, Give, v. an. Yield (to pressure). lively, jocund, airy, vivacious, sprightGive a handle, Furnish an occasion, ly, sportive, frolicsome, light-hearted. give an opportunity. Glair, n. White of an egg. Give away, Transfer (without ass equiv- Glamour, ns. Witchery (applied to the alent), make over gratis, part with gra- eye so as to mak7e thinzgs seecn to be what tuitously. they are not). Give back, Return, restore. Glance, 7i. 1. Glitter, gleam. Give chase, Pursue, follow on. 2. Glimpse, transitory view, rapid Give ear, Listen, hear. look.

Page  180 GLANCE 180 GLOSS Glance, v. n. 1. Glitter, gleam, shine. Glitter, n. Sparkle, glister, lustre, bril2. Flit, dart, snatch a momentary liancy, splendor, brightness, shine, ralook. diance. 3. Dart aside, fly off obliquely. Gloat, v. n. Stare, gaze, gaze earnestly, Glance at, Take a glimpse at, look at look intently. cursorily. Globate, a. Globalar, globose, spherGlance-coal, n. Anthracite, hard coal, Globated, ical, round, spheroidal, blind coal, stone-coal, CULM. globe-shaped. Glare, v. n. 1. Flare, dazzle, glitter, Globe,?. 1. Sphere, ball, orb. glisten, gleam, sparkle. 2. Earth, terraqueous globe, terres2. Glower, look fierce, look black. trial ball. Glare, n. 1. Glitter, flare, dazzling Globe-fish, n. Puffer. light. Globose, a. Spherical, globular, glo2. Fierce look. bate, globated, round, globe-shaped. Glare ice, Polished ice, smooth ice. Globosity, n. Sphericity. Glaring, a. 1. Dazzling, glittering. Globular, a. Spherical, globate, glo2. Barefaced, notorious, conspicuous. bated, globose, globulous, round, globeGlasses, n. pl. Spectacles. shaped. Glass-wort, n1. Salt-wort, marsh-sam- Globule, a. Spherule, little globe, small phire (Salicornia herbacea). round particle. Glassy, a. 1. Vitreous. Globulous, a. Spherical, GLOBULAR. 2. Hyaline, crystal, crystalline. Gloom, n. 1. Obscurity, darkness, dimGlauber's-salt, n. Sulphate of soda. ness, gloominess, cloud. Glaucous, a. Sea-green. 2. Sadness, dejection, depression, Glaze, v. a. 1. Put glass in (windows), despondency, melancholy, heaviness of furnish with glass. mind, low spirits. 2. Cover with a glassy substance. Gloomny, a. 1. Obscure, dark, dim, 3. CALENDER, polish, gloss, burnish, dusky, dismal, cheerless, lowering, furbish, give a glossy surface to. lurid. Glaze, n. Glazing, enamel. 2. Sad, dejected, depressed, dispirited, Glazing, a. 1. Setting glass. disheartened, despondent, desponding, 2. Calendering. melancholy, downcast, crest-fallen, 3. Glaze, enamel. chap-fallen, down-hearted, glum, heavy Gleaml, n.. Ray, beam, glimmer, of heart. glimmering. Glorify, v. a. 1. Extol, magnify, bless, 2. Lustre, brightness, splendor. honor greatly, praise highly, give glory Gleam, v. a. Glimmer, shine, glitter. to. Glean, v. a. 1. Gather (after reapers). 2. Brighten, make bright, add lustre. 2. Collect, cull, pick up. to. Glebe, s. Soil, clod, sod, turf, ground. Glorious, a. 1. Illustrious, renowned, Glee, n. Merriment, mirth, gayety, jo- celebrated, famous, famed, eminent, viality, jollity, exhilaration, liveliness, pre-eminent, distinguished, excellent, sportiveness, jocularity, hilarity. noble, conspicuous. Glen, a. Valley, vale, dale, dell, din-.2. Resplendent, splendid, bright, gle. brilliant, radiant. Glib, a. 1. Smooth, slippery. Glory, ii. 1. Honor, renown, fame, ce2. Voluble, fluent, ready, talkative, lebrity, praise. flippant, nimble of speech, ready in 2. Splendor, lustre, brightness, brilspeech, of a ready tongue. liancy, effulgence, pride. Glib, v. a. Castrate, geld, emasculate, 3. State, pomp, parade, magnifideprive of virility. cence. Glide, v. n. 1. Slip, slide, move smooth- 4. Heavenly bliss, celestial happily. ness. 2. Flow, lapse, run, roll on. 5. Boast, occasion of pride, someGlide, n. Lapse, slip, continuous mo- thing to be proud of. tion. 6. (Painting.) Halo, aureola. Glimmer, v. an. Shine (faintly), gleam, Glory, v. n. Exult, vaunt, boast, take glitter. pride, triumph, be proud, pride one's Glimmler, a. i. Gleam (of faint, self, plume one's self, pique one's self, Glimmering,.) unsteady light), ray, perk one's self, pat one's self on the beam. back. 2. Glimpse, glance, transitory view, Gloss, n. 1. Comment, note, explanafaint view. tion, interpretation, scholium, annotaGlimpse, n. Glance, glimmering, GLINT, tion, commentary. transitory view, rapid look, momentary 2. Pretext, pretence, specious plea. perception. 3. Lustre, polish, shining surface. Glint, is. [Scottish.] Glance, GLIIMPSE. Gloss, v. n. Comment, make notes, Glisten, v. n. Sparkle, glitter, shine make explanatory remarks. Glister, fitfully. Gloss, v. a. 1. Varnish, make lusGlitter, v. n. Glisten, glister, sparkle, trous. gleam, flare, glare, make a splendid 2. Extenuate, palliate, color, apoloshow. gize for, gloss over.

Page  181 GLOSSARIST 181 GODLIKE Glossarist, n. Scholiast, commentator, 5. Reach, extend. annotator. 6. Contribute, concur, tend, avail, Glossary, n. Dictionary (of obscure, have effect, be of use, be of service. antiquated, or local words). 7. Fare, eventuate, turn out. Glossology, n. Glottology, linguistics, 8. Be considered, be reckoned, be comparative philology, comparative esteemed. grammar, science of language. 9. Be about, be on the point. Gloss over, Disguise, varnish, color, Go, interj. Begone, avaunt, aroynt, get make plausible. you gone, be off, go along, off with you, Glossy, a. Smooth and shining. get l1ong with you, go your way, go Glottology, it. GLOSSOLOGY. about your business. Glow, v. nI. 1. Be incandescent. Go about, 1. Endeavor, attempt, un2. Shine brightly. dertake set one's self about. 3. Burn, be hot. 2. (naeut.) Tack, change the course. 4. Be ardent, be warm, feel intense- Goad, n. Prick, point. ly. Goad, v. a. 1. Prick with a goad. Glow, It. 1. Incandescence, white heat. 2. Incite, stimulate, instigate, urge, 2. Brightness, bright color. impel, spur, arouse, stir up, set on. 3. Ardor, vehemence, impetuosity, Go ahead, Proceed, advance, go on, fervency, fervor, enthusiasm. push on, press forward. Glower, v. is. Stare (in anger), glare, Goal, n. 1. Post (set to bound a race), look black, look fierce.' mark. Glow-worm, In. FIRE-FLY (Lamspyris 2. Object, end, design, destination, noctilucus). aim, height of one's ambition. Gloze, v. n. Flatter, cajole, wheedle, Goatish, a. Like a goat (especially in fawn, cringe. smcell or in hlstfulness). Glucina, Oxidefglucinium. Goat-sucker, n. Night-jar, wheel-bird, Glucine, f glucinium. churn-owl (Caprimulgus Eeropoceus). Glucose, cc. Grape-sugar, starch-sugar. Go away, Depart, go off. Glue, a. Gelatine (inzeptre). Go a wool-gathering, Go on a fool's Glue, v. a. Cement (with glue). errand, go on a wild-goose chase, go on Gluey, a. Viscous, viscid, GLUTINOUS. a sleeveless errand, reckon without Glum, a. Sullen, moody, sulky, morose, one's host. sour, crabbed, crusty, grum, glowering, Go back, Return. frowning, spleeny, dogged, stubborn, Gobble, v. a. Swallow (greedily), bolt, intractable, cross-grained. gulp. Glulne, It. Husk (of grain and grasses), Gobbler, n. 1. Gormandizer, glutton, hull, 6uter covering. gourmand, greedy-gut, voracious eater. Glut, v. a. 1. Cloy, satiate, sate, surfeit, 2. [Colloquial.] Turkey-cock. pall. Go between, Mediate, interpose. 2. Gorge, stuff, cram, overfeed, fill Go-between, n. Agent, broker, factor. full, fill to repletion. Go beyond, Transgress, overstep, tranGlut, ie. 1. Repletion. scend. 2. Superabundance, over-abundance, Goblin, c. Hobgoblin, spectre, sprite, overplus, surplus, redundancy, super- frightful apparition, evil spirit. fluity, over-stock. Go by, 1. Pass near. Glutinous, a. Gluey, viscous, viscid, 2. Pass beyond. sticky, gummy, adhesive, tenacious, 3. Act by, act according to, act in clammy. obedience to. Glutton, n. 1. Gormandizer, gour- Go by, n. [Colloqcuial.] Passing by, negmand, gobbler, GREEDY-GUT, voracious lect to notice. eater. God, n. 1. Jehovah, Lord, Omnipotence, 2. Wolverine (Gulo luscus). Omniscience, Providence, Heaven, The Gluttonish, a. Voracious, given to Creator, The Maker, The Deity, The Gluttonous, J excess in eating. Godhead, The Infinite, The Eternal, Gluttony, n. Voracity, excess in eat- The Omnipotent, The Preserver, The ing., Father, The Trinity, The Holy Trinity, Gnarl, v..no. Growl, snarl. The Supreme Being, The First Cause, Gnarled, a. Knotty, knotted, gnarly, The Author of all things, God the full of knots. Father, Sovereign of the Universe, The Gnarly, a. GNARLED. eternal and infinite Spirit. Gnash, v. a. Strike together (the teeth). 2. Deity, divinity, idol. Gnaw, v. a. 1. Bite, nibble, champ, Goddess, ct. Female divinity. nibble at, keep biting. Godhead, n. 1. Deity, divinity, god2. Corrode, eat away, wear away. ship. Gnomon, n. Style (of a dial). 2. [With The prefixed.] GOD, The Gnomonics, n. Dialling. Deity. Go, v. cI. 1. Move, pass, proceed, ad- Godless, a. 1. Irreligious, impious, provance, make progress, go on. fane, wicked, ungodly. 2. Walk, go on foot. 2. Atheistical, given to atheism. 3. Travel, journey. Godlike, a. Divine, heavenly, supernal, 4. Depart, set out, go away. celestial.

Page  182 GODLY 182 GOOD OPINION Godly, a. Pious, holy, righteous, re- 6. Unblemished, unimpeached, unligious, devout, saintly, saint- like, tarnished, unsullied, immaculate, fair, heavenly-minded. honorable. Go down, 1. Descend. 7. Companionable, social, genial, live2. Be swallowed. ly, cheerful. 3. (Low.) Be received, be admitted, 8. Able, skilful, ready, expert, dexpass current. trous, well qualified. 4. Fail, come to nothing, come to 9. Competent (pecuniarily), of estabnought. lished credit. Godsend, n. Windfall, unexpected gift, 1o. Pleasant; agreeable, gratifying, good luck, piece of good fortune, piece cheering. of good luck. 11. Considerable, great, not small, Godship,.n. Deity, divinity, godhead. not insignificant. Go for, 1. Pass for, be taken for, pass 12. Real, true, serious, not feigned. current for. Good, n. 1. Benefit, advantage, profit, 2. [Colloquial U. S.] Favor, support, gain, utility. be in favor of, GO IN FOit. 2. Welfare, weal, prosperity, interGo for nothing, Be of no use, have no est. effect or efficacy. 3. Righteousness, virtue, moral qualGo forth, 1. Issue, go out. ities. 2. Get abroad, become public. 4. Just actions, moral works. Goggle, v. st. Roll the eyes. 5. Abundance, richness, best fruits. Goggle, o. Stare, owlish look, strained Good-breeding, s. POLITENESS, civillook. ity, courtesy, urbanity, affability, good Goggled, a. Staring (as asfull or promi- manners. nent eye), rolling. Good-by,. or ter. Farewell, adieu. Goggle-eye, n. 1. Rolling eye, staring Good-bye, j.ori eye. Good cheer, Bountiful fare, high living, 2. Strabismus, squinting, plenty to eat and drink. Go halves, [Colloqusial.] Share equally. Good fellow, Booncompanion, pieasant Go hard with, Be disastrous to, have companion. seribus consequences for. Good-fellowship, ne. CompanionableGo heels overhead, Make or turn a oess, sociability, merry society, pleasant somerset. company. Going on, 1. Proceeding, advancing. Good fortune, Prosperity, success, good 2. Progressing, in progress, in hand. luck. Goings on, [Colloqouial.] Proceedings, Good graces, Friendship, favor. conduct. Good heed, Great care, due caution. Go in for, [Colloquial.] Favor, support, Good humor, Cheerfulness, cheer, joyGO FOR. ousness, good spirits, cheerful flow of Goitre, n. [Written also Goiter.] Bron- spirits. chocele, enlargement of the thyroid Good-humnored, a. Cheerful, buoyant, gland. good-natured, good-tempered, of a Go it blind, [Low.] Act without caution, placid temper. proceed recklessly, leap without look-. Good luck, Prosperity, success, good ing, leap in the dark. fortune. Gold-cup, n. King-cup, buttercup Goodly, a. 1. Beautiful, graceful, come(JRaznunctclus bulbosus). ly, good-looking. Golden, a. 1. Of gold. 2. Pleasant, happy, agreeable, desir2. Bright, shining, splendid, resplen- able. dent, brilliant. 3. Considerable, pretty large. 3. Yellow, of a gold color. Goodinan, n. 1. Gaffer. 4. Excellent, precious, of great value. 2. Husband, master of the house. 5. Auspicious, favorable, opportune, Good-nature, io. Benevolence, kindpropitious. ness, amiability, benignity, good will, Golden-robbin, n. Hang-bird, BALTI- good feeling, kind-heartedness, fellowMORE ORIOLE. feeling. Goldylocks, is. Cudweed, everlasting, Good-natured, a. Benevolent, kind, IMMORTELLE. amiable, humane, obliging, benignant, Gonorrhcea, n. (Mled.) Clap, venereal benign, kind-hearted, good-temlpered, disease. good-humored. Good, a. 1. Advantageous, beneficial, Goodness, is. 1. Excellence, value, useful, profitable, serviceable. worth. 2. Suitable, fit, proper, convenient. 2. Righteousness, virtue, integrity, admirable, not bad, well adapted. uprightness, probity, honesty, prin3. Virtuous, upright, religious, pious, ciple. righteous, worthy, dutiful. 3. Kindness, benevolence, good will. 4. Excellent, valuable, precious, ster- Good offices, Mediation, intervention, ling, capital. assistance, aid, help. 5. Kind, benevolent, humane, friend- Good opinion, Approbation, esteem, ly, favorable, gracious, merciful, oblig- regard, favorable opinion, golden opining, well-disposed. ion.

Page  183 GOODS 183 GOURD-WORM Goods, n.pl. 1.. Movables, effects, chat- Gorge, v. n. Feed, eat greedily. tels, furniture. Gorgeous, a. Showy, splendid, shining, 2. Commodities, wares, merchandise. glittering, brilliant, dazzling, resplenGood sense, Good judgment, sound dent, magnificent, fine, rich, superb. understanding. Gorgon, n. Spectre, hobgoblin, ogre Good-tempered, a. Amiable, GOOD- POKER, BUGABOO, HYDRA, frightful NATURED. object. Good turn, Service, kind office, act of Gormand, it. [Written also and usually kindness. Gourmand.] Glutton, gormandizer, epiGood-wife, it. Good-woman, goody, cure. gammner. Gormandize, v. it. Gorge, stuff, eat Good will, 1. Benevolence, kindness, greedily, feed ravenously. GOOD-NATURE. Gormandizer, n. Glutton, gourmand, 2. Earnestness, heartiness, ardor, epicure. zeal. Gorse, n. Furze, whin, goss ( Ulex Euro3. (Law.) Custom (of an established pceus). place of business), patronage. Gory, a. Bloody, ensanguined. Good-woman, 7n. GOOD-WIFE. Gosling, a. Young goose. Goody, n. Gammer, GOOD-WIFE. Go snacks, Share together, share and Go off, 1. Depart, go away, be off. share alike. 2. Explode, be discharged. Gospel, n. 1. [With The prefixed.] Go on, 1. Proceed, advance, go ahead, Christianity, revelation by Christ, move forward. Christian religion, divine revelation, 2. Progress, make progress, get along. the cross. 3. Continue, persist, persevere, keep 2. History of Christ (as given in the on, hold out. New Testament by one evangelist or col4. Be put on (as a garment), be drawn lectively by all). on. 3. Doctrine, creed, principle of acGo on a fool's errand, Go on a wild- tion. goose chase, GO A WOOL-GATHERING. Goss, it. Furze, GORSE. Go on a sleeveless errand, Go A Gossamery, a. Light, flimsy, unsubWOOL-GATHERIING. stantial. Go on a wild-goose chase, Go A Gossip, n. 1. Tattler, babbler, chatWOOL-GATHERINGl. terer, gadabout, idle talker. Go one's way, Depart, take one's de- 2. Chat, chitchat, tattle, prate, pratparture, move on, set forth,jog on, be off. tie, cackle, clack, small talk, idle talk. Go on tick, Run up a bill, run up a Gossip, v. a. Chat, tattle, prate, prattle, score, get trusted. gabble, clack, cackle, talk idly. Goosander, a. Dish-washer, wagtail, Gothamist, n. Blunderer, wiseacre, witdun-diver (lgergeus uerganser or MlMergus ling, pretender to wisdom, man of small castor). wit. Goose, n. 1. Tailor's smoothing iron. Gothic, a. Rude, barbaric, barbarous. 2. Simpleton, fool, DUNCE. Gothic, n. Gothic language. Goose-grass, n. Cleavers, hariff, catch- Gothicism, lo. 1. Gothic idiom. weed, scratch-weed (Galisoun aparine). 2. Rudeness, barbarism, incivility. Go out,.1. Issue, go forth. Go through, 1. Execute, accomplish, 2. Go abroad, go out of doors. finish. 3. Expire, become extinct, be extin- 2. Bear, endure, undergo, suffer. guished, be quenched, be put out. Go through with, Do thoroughly, exGo over, 1. Read (cLrsorily), peruse, ecute effectually. run over. Go to loggerheads, Come to blows, 2. Examine, review. fall to loggerheads. 3. Study, revolve, think over. Go to pot, [Colloquial.] Go to destruc4. Pass over, change sides. tion, be destroyed, be ruined, go to the Gopher, a. 1. Mulo, pouched rat (Pseu- dogs, go by the board, go to rack and dostomza bursarius or Geoeiys bursarius). ruin. 2. Prairie squirrel. Go to war, Fight, war, contend (in Gor-cock, n. Red grouse, red ptarmigan, arlus), take up arms, take up the cudred game, moor-cock (Lagopus Scoti- gel, appeal to arms, wage war, draw cus). the sword, unsheath the sword, come to Gor-crow, it. Carrion crow, common blows, measure swords, give battle, join crow (Corvus coronse). battle, enter the lists, couch one's lance, Gore, n. 1. Blood, clotted blood. take the field, let slip the dogs of war, 2. Gusset, triangular piece (of cloth, fight it out, take up the hatchet. &-c.). Gouge, n. 1. Hollow chisel. Gore, v. a. 1. Stab, pierce. 2. [ColloquLial.] Cheat, trick, impos2. Piece with a gore. ture, imposition, deception, fraud, stratGorge, n. Ravine, defile, notch. agem, artifice, chouse. Gorge, v. a. 1. Swallow, devour, eat 3. [Colloquial.] Trickster, impostor, heartily. rogue, knave, swindler, sharper, cheat, 2. Glut, satiate, cram, stuff, fill full, cheater. fill to repletion. Gourd-worm, n. Fluke, fluke-worm.

Page  184 GOURMAND 184 GRANDFATHER Gourmand, n. [Written also, but less Gradation, n. Regular progress (step commonly, Gormand.] Glutton, gor- by step), regular progression. mandizer, epicure. Grade, n. 1. Rank, degree, step, stage. Gout (goo), a. [Fr.] Taste, relish, flavor, 2. Gradient, rate of ascent or of desmack, savor, gusto, zest. scent (as on a railroad). Gout, ns. PODAGRA. Gradient, in. Grade, rate of ascent or Gouty, a. Podagric, podagrical. of descent. Govern, v. a. 1. Conduct, manage, Gradual, a. Regular (step by step), prosupervise, regulate, have the direction gressive, slow. of, have the charge of. Gradually, ad. Regularly, slowly, by 2. Direct, guide, steer. degrees, step by step, little by little, by 3. Control, restrain, curb, bridle, rule, little and little. sway, command. Graduate, v. a. 1. Mark with degrees, Govern, v. s. Rule, have control, exer- divide into regular intervals. cise authority, hold the reins, bear sway, 2. Adjust, adapt, proportion, reguhave the charge. late. Governable, a. Controllable, manage- Graduate, v. n. Take a degree, receive able. a diploma. Governante, n. GOVERNESS. Gradus, it. Dictionary of prosody, proGoverness, n. Governante, instruct-. sodial dictionary. ress, tutoress. Grafl, i. Ditch, moat, fosse. Governlnent, n. 1. Rule, management, Graft, n. Shoot (inserted ins asrot7ier tree), regulation, conduct. scion, sprout. 2. Direction, guidance. Graft, v. a. Ingraft. 3. Control, restraint, sway, dominion. Grain, n. 1. Seed, kernel, matured 4. Polity, commonwealth, state, form ovule. of sovereignty, body politic. 2. Corn (woheat, rye, oats, barley, 5. Administration, body of executive maize, &c.). officers, ruling power, powers that 3. Particle, atom, bit, scrap, jot, whit, be. mite, ace, iota, tittle, scintilla, trace, Governor, it. 1. Ruler, director, man- spark, shadow, glimmer. ager, comptroller, superintendent, over- 4. Twentieth part of a scruple, twenseer. ty-fourth part of a pennyweight. 2. Executive, chief magistrate. 5. Fibre, texture. 3. Tutor, instructor, guardian. 6. Temper, disposition, humor. Go your way, Avaunt, aroynt, begone, 7. Dye, tint, color, stain, tinge, hue, be off, get you gone, go along, off with shade, tincture. you, get along with you, go about your Gralle, it. pl. [L.] Waders, wading business. birds, grallatores. Grab, v. a. [Low.] Snatch, clutch, seize Grallatores, n.pl. [L.] GRALLS. violently, gripe suddenly. Gramineous, Grass Grace, n. 1. Favor, kindness, conde- Graminaceous,' Grassy. scension, benignity, love, good-will. Graminivorous, a. Grass-eating, phy2. Divine goodness or favor, divine tivorous, phytophagous. influence, God's love. Grammar, n. 1. Accidence, science of 3. Piety, devotion, devoutness, holi- language, laws or rules of language, ness, religion, sanctity. theory of human speech. 4. Pardon, forgiveness, mercy. 2. Propriety of speech, right use of 5. Elegance, polish, refinement, ac- language, art of speaking or writing complishment. correctly. 6. Beauty, symmetry, comeliness, 3. Treatise on grammar, manual or gracefulness, ease. handbook of grammar, grammatical 7. Short prayer (overfood at table). text-book. 8. (3lusic.) Embellishment (appog- Gramnarian, n. Adept in grammar. giatura, shake, trill, turnis). Granary, so. Garner, corn-house. Grace, v. a. 1. Adorn, decorate, beau- Grand, a. 1. Stately, lordly, princely, tify, embellish. deck. august, majestic, exalted, elevated, dig2. Dignify, honor. nitied, eminent, illustrious, great, high Graceful, a. 1. Elegant, comely, be- in power, of great dignity. coming, beautiful. 2. Magniticent, splendid, superb, 2. Easy, natural, unlabored. glorious, noble, sublime, lofty. Graceless, a. Depraved, degenerate, 3. Principal, chief. superior. corrupt, profligate, reprobate, disso- Grand-duke, is. 1. Sovereign prince. lute, abandoned, lost, shameless, obdu- 2. (Zob.) Great horned owl (Bubo rate, hardened, incorrigible, irreclaim- maxim7us). able, wicked. Grandee, it. Nobleman, noble, lord. Gracious, a. 1. Benevolent, benignant, Grandelur, s. 1. Greatness, sublimity. favorable, kind, friendly, merciful, con- 2. Majesty, loftiness, stateliness, descending, compassionate, tender, le- state, dignity, pomp, magnificence, nient, mild, gentle. augustness, splendor. 2. Affable, familiar, courteous, civil, Grandfather, n. Grandsire, grandpolite, familiar, easy. papa.

Page  185 GRANDILOQUENCE 185 GREASE Grandiloquence, n. Bombast, fustian, 2. Delight, satisfaction, enjoyment, turgidity, lofty language, high-sound- pleasure, fruition. ing words, lofty style of speech. 3. Reward, recompense. Grandiloquent, a. Bombastic, turgid, Gratify, v. a. Please, indulge, satisfy, tumid, swelling, inflated, stilted, pom- humor, delight, give pleasure to, make pous declamatory, rhetorical, high- glad. sounding, high-flowing, HIGHFALU- Gratifying, a. Pleasing, agreeable, welTIN. come. Grand-juror, a. Grand-juryman. Grating, a. Harsh, irritating, displeasGrand-juryman, al. Grand-juror. ing, disagreeable, offensive. Grandman mma, I. Grandmother. Gratis, ad. [L.] Gratuitously, freely, Grandmother, i. Grandmamma. for nothing. Grand-vizier, n. Chief vizier. Gratitude, s. Thankfulness, feeling of Grant, v. a. 1. Admit, allow, concede, obligation, sense of obligation. cede, yield. Gratuitous, a. 1. Voluntary, free, I. GIVE (in answer to a request), be- spontaneous, of one's own accord. stow, CONFER, vouchsafe deign.. Unwarranted, unfounded, ground3. (Law.) Convey (by ceed), transfer, less, without proof. make conveyance of. Gratuity, a. Present, gift, donation, Grant, co. 1. Gift, boon, donation, ben- benefaction, bounty, largess, grant, free efaction, bounty, largess, present, con- gift. cession. Gratulation, cc. Congratulation, felici2. (Law.) Conveyance, cession. tation. Granulate, v. a. Form into grains, re- Gratulatory, a. Congratulatory. duce to grains. Grave, v. a. 1. Engrave, imprint, infix, Granulate, v. n. Be formed'into grains. impress deeply. Granule, cc. Small grain, small parti- 2. Carve, form by cutting. cle. Grave, ns. Pit (for a dead body), sepulGrape, c. Fruit of the vine. chre, tomb, ossuary, charnel-house, Grape-sugar,?Z. Glucose, starch-sugar. narrow house, long home. Graphic, a. Vivid, lively, pictu- Grave, a. 1. Important, weighty, moGraphical, 5 resque, well drawn, well mentous, cogent, of great consequence. delineated. 2. Sober, serious, sedate, thoughtful, Graphite, n. Plumbago, black-lead. demure, staid, solemn. Grapple, v. a. Seize, gripe, grasp, catch, 3. Plain, not showy, not tawdry. clasp, clutch, lay hold of. 4. (Mucsic.) Deep, not acute, low in Grapple with, Struggle with, engage pitch. with, close with, contend with (in close Grave-clothes, n.pl. Shroud, windingfight). sheet. Grapple, cn. 1. Close hug, close fight. Gravel, n. Sand, grit, small pebbles. 2. Grappling-irons. Gravel, v. a. 1. Cover with gravel. Grappling-irons, cn. pl. Grapple. 2. Puzzle, embarrass, perplex, beGrasp, v. a. Clasp, gripe, seize, clinch, wilder, stagger, pose, nonplus, put clutch, cctch, grapple, lay hold of. out. Grasp at, Catch at, try to seize. Graver, n. 1. Engraver. Grasp, n. 1. Clasp, gripe. 2. Burin, engraving tool. 2. Hold, possession. Graveyard, nc. Cemetery, necropolis, 3. Reach, power of seizing or of com- mortuary, churchyard, burial-ground, prehending. burying-ground. Grasping, a. Avaricious, covetous, mi- Gravitate, v.?n. Tend by gravity. serly, niggardly, penurious, parsimoni- Gravitation, a.- Gravity, centripetal ous, close, stingy, mean, sordid, close- force, attraction of gravitation. fisted, with an itching palm. Gravity, ci. 1. Heaviness, weight. Grass-eating, a. Graminivorous, phy- 2. Gravitation, centripetal force, attivorous, phytophagous. traction of gravitation. Grass-plot, ci. Lawn, green. 3. Sobriety, seriousness, sedateness, Grassy, a. Gramineous, graminaceous. thoughtfulness, demureness. Grate, v. a. 1. Rub, scrape, abrade. 4. Importance, moment. 2. Rasp, colmminute, reduce to par- Gray, a Hoary, black and white. tides by rubbing. Grayish, a. Grizzly, grizzled, someGrate, v. c. Be irritating, be disagree- what gray. able, be offensive. Graze, v. cc. Eat grass, feed upon Grateful, a. 1. THANKFUL, obliged, grass. indebted, beholden, under obligation. Graze, v. a. 1. Feed with grass. 2. Agreeable, pleasing, pleasant, grat- 2. Feed upon, eat grass from. ifying, acceptable, delightful, welcome, 3. Shave, scrape, skim, touch lightly charming. (in passing over). 3. Delicious, palatable, savory, nice, Grease, n. 1. Unctuous matter (lard, luscious, cordial, refreshing, invigorat- tallow, &c.). ing. 2. (Farriery.) Scratches. Gratification, c. 1. Gratifying, pleas- Grease, v. a. 1. Smear with grease. ing. 2. Bribe, give a douceur to.

Page  186 GREASY 186 GRIN AT Greasy, a. Unctuous, fat, fatty, oily, 3. New, recent. adipose, sebaceous, oleaginous. 4. Unripe, not fully grown, immaGreat, a. 1. Large, big, vast, huge, ture. bulky, ample, immense, gigantic, Her- 5. Inexperienced, unskilful, inexpert, culean, Cyclopean, enormous. ignorant, raw. 2. Much, excessive, high. 6. Unseasoned, not dry. 3. Numerous, countless. Green, i. 1. Blue and yellow. 4. Considerable, important, weighty. 2. Lawn, grass-plot, grassy plain. 5. Distinguished, eminent, promi- Greenbone, n. GAR-FiISiH, sea-pike. nent, exalted, elevated, excellent, Green-broom, n. Green-weed, dyer'snoted, illustrious, celebrated, famous, weed (Genista tinctoria). famed, renowned, far-famed. Greenfinch, 1t. Green grossbeak (Coc6. Grand, august, dignified, noble, cothraustes chloris). majestic, sublime. Greenhorn, a. [Colloquial.] Novice, 7. Magnanimous, generous, chival- inexperienced youth, raw hand. rous, high-minded. Greenhouse, is. Conservatory. 8. Sumptuous, richj magnificent. Greenness, is. 1. Verdancy, viridity. 9. Hard, difficult, onerous, burden- 2. Vigor, freshness. some, grievous. 3. Unripeness, immaturity. 10. Chief, principal. Green-sickness, 9a. CHLOROSIS. 11. Superior, pre-eminent. Green-vitriol, n. Copperas, sulphate of Great, c. [With The prefixed.] Great iron (crystallized). persons, persons of rank, people of dis- Green-weed, ic. Green-broom, dyer's tinction. weed (Geni.sta tincloria). Great bear, n. [With The prefixed.] Greet, v. a. 1. Salute, welcome, hail, Charles's Wain, The Wain, URSA MA- address, accost. JOR. 2. Compliment, send greeting to. Great-bellied, a. Abdominous, large- Greeting, it. 1. Salutation, welcome, bellied, big-bellied, pot-bellied, tun- salute. bellied. 2. Compliment, expression of goodGreatest good, Supreme good, sumrmm will. Bo30NU. Grewsome, a. [Scottish.] Frightful, Great-hlearted, a. Noble, malgnani- ugly, terrible. mous, generous, chivalrous, high-spir- Greylag, c. Wild goose (Anser feited, high-minded. rus). Greatness, lc. 1. Largeness, magni- Grenatite, n. Cross-stone, staurotide, tude, size, bulk, dimensions. staurolite. 2. High degree. Grief, nc. 1. Sorrow, regret, affliction, 3. Distinction, eminence, elevation, distress, tribulation, woe, sadness, bitfame, renown. terness, anguish, misery, agony, heart4. Dignity, augustness, majesty, sub- ache, heavy heart, bleeding heart limity. broken heart, pain of. mind, mental 5. Magnanimity, generosity, noble- suffering. ness, disinterestedness, chivalrous spir- 2. Trial, grievance, cause of sorrow. it. Grievance, n. 1. Hardship, wrong, inGrecian, a. GRnEEK. jury, burden, oppression. Grecian, it. 1. Greek, native of 2. Grief, trial, cause of sorrow. Greece. Grieve, v. a. Afflict, pain, hurt, or 2. Adept in Greek, proficient in the wound the feelings of, make sorrowGreek language, Greek scholar.. ful. Grecismn, a. Greekism, Hellenism. Grieve, v. n. Sorrow, mourn, lament, Greed, a. Eagerness, longing, GoREEDI- bewail, feel regret. NESS. Grievous, a. 1. Distressing, afflictive, Greediness, n. 1. Voracity, ravenous- afflicting, painful, sad, deplorable, laness, gluttony, rapacity, excessive hun- mentable, hard to bear. ger. 2. Hurtful, injurious, baneful, nox2. Eagerness, longing, greed, avid- ious, mischievous, detrimental, destrucity, intense desire. tive, calamitous. Greedy, a. 1. Voracious, ravenous,. 3. Atrocious, heinous, flagitious. gluttonous, rapacious, insatiable, in- Grim, a. 1. Fierce, ferocious, ruthless, satiate, very hungry. cruel, savage. 2. Eager, very desirous. 2. Frightful, horrible, hideous, grisly, Greedy-gut, ic. [Low.] Glutton, gor- appalling, dire, horrid, terrific, dreadmandizer, gourmand, gobbler. ful, of forbidding look. Greek, a. 1. Of Greece. Grimace, n. Distortion of countenance, 2. Grecian, classic, classical, after wry face. the Greek, in the manner of Greece. Grimn-faced, a. Grim-visaged. Greek, nc 1. Grecian, native of Greece. Grii-visaged, a. Grim-faced. 2. Greek language. Grin, v. l.. Show the teeth (in laughing, Green, a. 1. Verdant. expressing scorn, cc.). 2. Flourishing, blooming, fresh, un- Grin at, Ridicule, deride, mock at, scoff decayed. at, jeer at, laugh at.

Page  187 GRIND 187 GROVELLING Grind, v. a. 1. Triturate, pulverize, 5. Palpable, manifest, glaring. bruise, bray, CRAZE, comminute by at- 6. Whole, total, entire. trition. Gross, n. 1. Whole, total, aggregate, 2, Sharpen (by rubbing). gross amount, sum total. 3. Grate, rub together. 2. Twelve dozen. 4. Oppress, harass, persecute, plague, Grossness, ni. 1. Greatness, bulkiness, trouble, afflict, be hard upon. bigness. Grinder, a. Molar, molar tooth, jaw 2. Density, thickness. tooth, double tooth. 3. Coarseness, rudeness, indelicacy, Grindery, n. [England.] Shoemakers' vulgarity, impurity, want of refinematerials. ment. Grindery-warehounse, n. Finding- Grot, i. Cave, cavern, grotto. store, store for the sale of shoemakers' Grotesque, a. Fantastic, fanciful, odd, materials. whimsical, extravagant, unnatural, Grip, it. [Low.] Grasp, gripe, clutch, wil(l, strange, BIZARRE. clasp. Grotto, n. Grot, cave, cavern. Gripe, v. a. 1. Seize, clutch, grasp, Groulld,. 1. Soil, earth, clod, turf, clasp, snatch, lay hold of. sod, loam, mould, surface of land. 2. Press, compress, squeeze, pinch, 2. Region, territory, country, land, hold fast. domain. 3. Pain, distress, pinch, straighten, 3. Estate, acres, field, real property, give pain to. landed estate. Gripe, is. 1. Grasp, clutch, hold, seizure. 4. Foundation, support, base, basis, 2. Affliction, distress, griping, pinch- groundwork. ing. 5. Motive, consideration, reason, Griping, n. 1. Seizure, grasping. cause, inducement, account. 2. Colic, gripes, pain in the bowels. Ground, v. a. 1. Place on the ground. 3. Affliction, distress, gripe. 2. Found, establish, base, fix, set. Gripes, a..pl. Colic, griping, belly-ache, Ground, v. it. Run aground, get apain in the bowels. ground. Grippe, nl. [Fr.] Catarrh, influenza. Ground-hog, n. Woodchuclk, AmeriGrisly, a. Frightful, horrible, horrid, ter- can marmot (Arctomys wnsoax). rific, hideous, appalling, dreadful, grim. Ground-ice, ie. Anchor-ice. Gristle, n. Cartilage. Gro und-ivy, 11. Gill, alehoof. Gristly, a. Cartilaginous. Ground-nut, W. 1. Pig-nut, hawk-nut, Grit, i1. 1. BraLn. earth-nut, earth-chestnut (Bunimuns flex2. Sand, gravel, small pebbles. uosum). 3 Gritstone, gritrock. 2. Peanut, earth-nut (Arachis hy7oGritrock,?i. Gritstone, grit. gaea). Grits, s1. pv. Groats, hulled oats, or 3. Wild bean (Apios tuberosa). hulled wheat. 4. Dwarf ginseng (Alralia trifolia or Gritstone, se. Grit, grit-rock. Panax trifoliizs). Gritty, a. Sandy. Ground-plate, an. Sill, ground-sill, Grizzled, a. Grayish, grizzly. groundsel. Grizzly, a. Grayish, grizzled,somewhat Grounds, i. pl. Lees, dregs, sediment, gray, a little gray. grouts, precipitate, settlings. Groan, v. ai. Moan. Grouhd-sill, a. Sill, ground-plate Groat, is. Fourpence. Groundsel, gro Groats, n. pl. Grits, hulled oats, or Ground-squirrel, it. Chipmunk. hulled wheat. Groundwork, 1s. 1. Base, basis, subGroceries, nt. pl. [U. S.] GRoCERY, stratum, foundation, support, bottom, grocers' commodities. ground. Grocery, i. 1. [England.] GROCERIES. 2. Source, origin, first principle. 2. [U. S.] Grocer's shop. Group, n. Cluster, collection, assemGroggery, xa. Grog-shop, dram-shop, blage, clump. liquor-shop. Group, v. a. Arrange, dispose, assign Groggy, a. [Low.] Tipsy, intoxicated, places to, form into groups. inebriated, DRUNK. Grouse, n. HIeath-game. Grog-shop, it. GIROGGERY. Grouts, n. pl.. Lees, GROUNDS. Groom, n. 1. Waiter, servant, valet. Grouty, a. [Colloquial.] Sullen, moody, 2. Stable-seIvant, hostler. sulky, surly, morose, cross, glum, grum, 3. Bridegroom. spleeny, cynical, crabbed, out of humor, Groove, is. Furrow, channel. out of temper. Grope, v. n. Feel one's way (as in the Grove, is. FOREST, wood, woodland, dark), pick one's way. thicket, copse. Gross, a. 1. Large, big, bulky, great. Grovel, v. lo. Creep, crawl, sneak, fawn, 2. Dense, thick, not attenuated. cringe, lie low, lie prone. 3, Coarse, rough, rude, unrefined, Grovelling, a. [Written also Groveling.] indelicate, sensual, impure, vulgar, 1. Creeping, crouching, squat, low, broad. 2. Low, mean, base, vile, abject, ser4. Enormous, flagrant, shameful, un- vile, slavish, cringing, fawning, beggarseemly, unbecoming, outrageous. ly, sneaking, earth-born.

Page  188 GROW 188 GUINEA-HEN Grow, v. n. 1. Enlarge, increase, ex- Guard, v.'n. Watch, take care, be pand, extend, be augmented, become cautious, be vigilant. (by degrees) greater or larger. Guard, is. 1. Defence, protection, shield, 2. Vegetate, sprout, germinate, shoot, security, bulwark, rampart, aegis, palpullulate, put forth, shoot up, spring up. ladium, safeguard. 3. Advance, improve, make progress, 2. Sentinel, sentry, watch, watchmake improvement. man. 4. Become, wax, come to be, get to 3. Convoy, escort, conduct, body of be. defenders. Grow, v. a. Raise, produce, cultivate. 4. Circumspection, care, watchfulGrower, n. Producer, cultivator. ness, caution, attention, heed. Grow fat, Batten. 5. Conductor (of a coach or of a railGrowing, a. Increasing, enlarging. way train). Grow out of, Issue, proceed from, come Guarded, a. Cautious, wary, circumfrom. spect, watchful, careful. Grow up, Come to maturity. Guardian, sa. Warden, keeper, proGrowl, v. n. Snarl, gnarl, grumble, tector, defender, preserver, guardian murmur. angel, tutelary saint. Growl, i. Snarl, murmur. Guardian, a. Protecting, tutelary. Growth, n. 1. Increase, expansion, de- Guardsman, s. Watchman, sentinel, velopment. sentry, guard. 2. Produce, product. Guerdon, o. [Poetical.] Recompense, 3. Advancement, advance, progress, remuneration, requital, reward. improvement. Guess, v. n. 1. Conjecture, divine, surGrub, v. a. Dig, eradicate, dig up, root mise, suspect, mistrust. up, root out, grub up. 2. Suppose, think, believe, fancy, imGrub, v. n. Dig, be meanly employed. agine, take it, dare say, venture to Grub, n. 1., Catterpillar, larva. say. 2. [Colloquial.] FOOD. Guess, v. a. Conjecture, divine. Grub-axe, is. Mattock, grubbing-hoe. Guess, it. Conjecture, surmise, supGrubbing-hoe, s?. GRUB-AXE. position. Grudge, v. a. 1. Grant with reluctance, Guest, so. Visitor, visitant. give unwillingly. Guffaw, io. Laugh (boisterous or loud), 2. Envy, begrudge, repine at. horse-laugh. Grudge, v. io. 1. Be reluctant, be un- Guidance, a. Direction, leadership, willing. lead, conduct, government. 2. Repine, murmur, grieve, be en- Guide, v. a. 1. Lead, conduct, pilot. vious. 2. Direct, rule, govern, manage, regGrudge, n. Hatred (secretly and persis- ulate, control, steer, preside over, have tently esntertainedl), pique, spite, malice, charge of, take the direction of. rancor, malevolence, ill-will, inveterate Guide, s. 1. Director, conductor, pilot. dislike. 2. Mentor, monitor, adviser, counGrudging, so. 1. Envy. sellor, instructor. 2. Reluctance, unwillingness, disin- 3. CLAvIs, clew. clination. Guide-post, n. Finger-post. Gruft; a. Rough, churlish, rude, uncivil, Guild, is. Fraternity, association, souncourteous, ungracious, impolite; bluff, ciety, company, corporation, corporate blunt, harsh, BRusquE. body, joint concern. Gruln, a. 1. Sour, surly, morose,sullen, Guile, s. Cunning, craft, subtlety, artcrabbed, glum, GROUTY. fulness, artifice, duplicity, deceit, decep2. Guttural (voice), rumbling, deep tion, trickery, fraud. in the throat. Guileless, a. Artless, honest sincere, Grumble, v. n. 1. Complain, murmur, undesigning, unsophisticated, frank, repine, croak, find fault. pure, truthful, candid, ingenuous, 2. Growl, snarl, gnarl. open, straightforward, single-minded, 3. Rumble, roar. open-hearted, simple-hearted, simpleGrumbler, is. Murmurer, complainer, minded. croaker, censurer, fault-finder. Guillemets, n. pl. Quotation points or Grumbling, s, Complaint, murmur- marks, marks of quotation, inverted ing, repining, fault-finding. commas. Grumous, a. Clotted, concreted, thick. Guilt, so. Criminality, guiltiness, culpaGrunter, so. Hog, pig, swine. bility. Guarantee, it. Surety, security,-cau- Guiltless, a. Innocent, sinless, spotless, tion, guaranty. unspotted, unpolluted, immaculate, unGuarantee, v. a. (Lawe.) Warrant, in- sullied, untarnished, blameless. sure, guaranty, become surety for, be Guilty, a. Crirninal, culpable. responsible for, answer for. Guinea, sn. Twenty-one shillings. Guarantor, n. (Law.) Warrantor. Guinea corn, Doura, Indian millet, Guaranty, v. a. (Law.) Warrant, negro-corn (Sorghurn vultgare). GUARANTEE. Guinea-fowl, a. Guinea-hen (Numida Guard, v. a. Protect, defend, shield, mzeleagris). shelter, keep in safety. Guinea-hen, sn. GUINEA-FOWL.

Page  189 GUISE 189 HACKLE Guise, n. 1. Appearance, aspect, garb, Guns, n. pl. Fire-arms, CANNON. dress, form, shape, figure, fashion, man- Gurgle, v..n. Ripple, purl, murmur. ner, mode. Gush, v. n. Spout out, burst forth, rush 2. [Poetical.] Air, mien, demeanor, forth (as a liquid), flow out suddenly. behavior. Gush, nc. Rush (as of a liquid), sudden 3. Practice, habit, custom, manner, effiux or outflow. mode. Gusset, n. Gore. Gulch, n. Ravine (made by running Gust, n. 1. Taste. water), gully CREVASSE. 2. Relish, zest, liking, gusto. Gules, n. [Hier.] Red (represented by 3. Blast, squall. perpendicular lines). 4. Burst, outburst, fit, paroxysm. Gulf, n. 1. Large bay. Gustable, a. Relishable, savory, pleas2. Abyss. ant to the taste, sapid. Gull, v. a. Deceive, cheat, dupe, trick, Gusto, it. Relish, zest, liking, gust. chouse, diddle, cozen, overreach, cir- Gusty, a. Stormy, tempestuous, windy, cumvent, beguile, impose upon. squally, blustering. Gull, n. 1. Cheat, trick, deception, im- Gut, it. 1. Intestine. position, fraud. 2. Strait, narrow pass. 2. Dupe, CAT'S-PAW. Gut, v. a. Eviscerate, disembowel, em3. Mew, cob, seamew, sea-cob. bowel, take out the bowels of. Gullet, n. (Esophagus. Guts, n. pl. Viscera, intestines, entrails, Gullibility, c. [Low.] Weak credulity. bowels, inwards. Gullible, a. [Low.] Credulous, easily Gutta serena, [L.] (Med.) Amaurosis, duped. drop-serene. Gully, cc. GULCH, ravine, CREVASSE. Gutter, c. Channel, conduit. Gulp, v. a. Swallow greedily, BOLT. Guttural, a. Of the throat. Gumbo, n. [U.S.] Okra (Abelmoscheus Guzzle, v. n. Drink (greedily or much), esculecctus). carouse, tipple, tope. Gum-elastic, ic. Caoutchouc, india- Guzzle, v. a. Driink (greedily or muchl), rubber. quaff, swill, swiG. Gumption, n. 1, [Colloquial.] Shrewd- Gymnasium, n. 1. Place for athletic ness, TACT, address, sagacity, discern- exercises. meit, skill, cleverness, ability, com- 2. School, seminary, academy, highmon sense. school. 2, Magilp. Gymnastic, a. Athletic. Gum-rash, it. (Med.) Red-gum. Gymnastics, n. pl. Athletic exercises. Gum-tree, n. 1. Black-gum, sour-gum Gypsum, n. Sulphate of lime (cnative). (Nyssa mueltiflora). Gyrate, v. cc. Rotate, revolve, whirl, turn 2. [U.S.] Sweet-gum, liquid-ambar round, wheel round, move in a circle. (Liquid-amcbar styraciflora). Gyration, n. Rotatibn, whirling, revoGun, i. Fire-arm, BLUNDERBUSS. lution, circular motion. Gun-cotton, n. Pyroxyline. Gyves, n. pl. Fetters, shackles, chains. H Habiliment, n. Dress, garment, clothes, tomed, wonted, common, regular, ordiapparel, raiment, vesture, garb, habit, nary, familiar, every-day. costume, vestment. Habituate, v. a. Accustom, familiarize, Habit, c. 1. Condition (of the body), inure, use, train, harden. constitution, temperament. Habitude, n. Custom, usage, practice, 2. Custom (of ac incdividucal), usage, wont, HABIT. wont, practice, habitude, way, manner, Hacienda, it. [Sp.] Plantation, farm, second nature. estate. 3. Dress, garb, HABILISIENT. Hlack, v. a. Cut (clumnsily), hew, chop, Habit, v. a. Dress, clothe, array, attire, mangle, hackle. accoutre. IHack, n. 1. Notch, cut. Habitable, a. Inhabitable.. 2. Hired horne, worn-out horse. Habitancy, n. Inhabitancy, residence, 3. Drudge, over-worked man. legal settlement. 4. Hackney-coach. Habitat, n. Natural locality (of aplant Hack, a. Hired, mercenary, hireling, or ac animal). hackney. Habitation, n. Abode, dwelling, lodg- Hackee, n. [U. S.] Chipmunk, striped ing, domicile, quarters, head-quarters, squirrel. dwelling-place, place of abode, place of Hackle, v. a. 1. Cut (clunsily), hew, residence. chop, hack, haggle. Habitual, a. Usual, customary, accus- 2. Hatchel, dress (flax).

Page  190 HACKMATACEK 190 HANDBOOK Heackmatack, a. Tamarack, American Hallow, v. a. 1. Consecrate, sanctify, larch, black larch (Larix pendula or dedicate, devote, make holy, invest with Larix A4zmericana). solemnity. Hackney, a. Common, hired, hack. 2. Reverence, honor, respect, venerHackney-coach, ai. Hack. ate, pay homage to, render honor to. Hlackneyed, a. 1. Worn out, much Hallowed, a. Holy, sacred, blessed. used. Hallowmas, n. Feast of All-Souls. 2. Common, commonplace, thread- Hallucination, n. 1. Error, blunder, bare, trite, stile, beaten. mistake, fallacy.:EHad as liefi Would as willingly, gladly, 2. Illusion, delusion, monomania, or freely, would as lief. self-deception, phantasm, aberration. Hades, sn. Grave, invisible world, region Halo, n. 1. Ring (of light). of the dead. 2. (Painting.) Glory. Had like, Came near, had nearly, came Halt, v. n. 1. Stop, hold, stand still, little short. stop short, pull up, take breath, lie by, Hlaft, n. Handle (of an instr7m7ent), LIE TO. stock. 2. Limp, hobble, walk lamely. tHag, n. Fury, beldam, she-monster, Halt, a. Lame, crippled. Jezebel, virago, vixen, ugly old wo- Halt, n. 1. Stop, stand, stand still. man. 2. Limp, limping gait. Haggard, a. 1. Wild, wayward, intrac- Halve, v. a. 1. Divide into two equal table, unruly, refractory, untamed, not parts, bisect. domesticated. 2. Scarf (as timbers), join by a scarf. 2. Gaunt, lean, meagre, spare, worn, lamadryad, n. Wood-nymph, nymph wasted, rawboned. of the woods. H[aggish, a. Ugly, deformed, horrid. Hanate, a. (Bot.) Hooked. Hlaggle, v. a. Higgle, chaffer, be tedious Hamlet, n. Small village. in a bargain. HIammner and tongs, [Colloquial exHaggle, v. a. Cut (clumsily), hew, chop, pression used aldverbially.] Strenuoushack, hackle. ly, vigorously, earnestly, zealously, REHail, v. a. Salute, greet, welcome, call resolutely, energetically, with all one's to. might, with might and main, TOOTH IHail-fellow, n. Intimate, associate, AND NAIL, PUTGNIS ET CALCIBUS, companion. - through thick and thin, through fire Hqair-salt, it. Native sulphate of mag- and water. nesia. Hlammer-fish, n. Balance-fish, hamHalcyon, n. Kingfisher. mer-head, hammer-headed shark (ZyHsalcyon, a. Placid, calm, quiet, still, gaena vulgaris). peaceful, tranquil, undisturbed, un- HIammer-head, eL. HAMMER-EFISH. ruffled, serene, palmy, happy. Hanmmock, n. Swinging bed. Hale, a. Healthy, sound, strong, hearty, Hamper, iz. 1. Crate. hardy, robust, well, in good health. 2. Fetter, shackle, clog, chain. HEalf, lo. Moiety. Hamper, v. a. Shackle, fetter, entangle, Hlallelujah, interj. Hos.nna. clog, encumber, restrain, hinder, imBHalf-note, n. Minim, half a semi- pede, clog. breve. Hamstring, v. a. Hough. Half-seas-over, a. [Lows.] Fuddled, Hand, n. 1. Palm and fingers, PAW. disguised, boozy, muddled, tipsy, mel- 2. Palm, four inches (in estimating low, corned, crapulous, GROGGY, tight, the heig/ht of a horse), hand-breadth. SLEWED, nIUZZY, NAPPY, high, some- 3. Side (right or left). what drunk, slightly intoxicated, in 4. Skill, ability, talent, faculty, dexliquor, in one's cups, the worse for li- terity. quor, THREE SHEETS IN THE WIIND, 5. Handiwork, workmanship. has had a drop too much. 6. Mode of procedure. Half-wvit, it. Blockhead, simpleton, 7. Agency, intervention, participaDUNCE. tion. H1alf-witted, a. Dull, stupid, stolid, 8. Possession, control, power. doltish, foolish, soft, silly, shallow, 9. Laborer, workman, operative, EMsappy, weak-headed, weak-minded, PLOYP, artisan, artiticer, craftsman. feeble-minded, shallow-brained, blunt- 10. Index, pointer, indicator. witted, dull-witted, thick-skulled. 11. Chirography, handwriting, style Half-yearly, a. Semi-annual. of penmanship. Htalf-yearly, ad. Semi-annually. Hand in hand, Conjointly, unitedly, Halicore, s1. (Zoil.) Dugong. in union. Hall, sn. 1. Large room, chamber. Hand to hand, In close fight. 2. Entry (of a houese), entrance. Hand and glove, Very intimate, very 3. Manor-house. friendly, very familiar. Hallabaloo, [Low.] Racket, clamor, Hand, v. a. 1. Give (with the hand), din, uproar, hubbub, outcry, vocifera-. transmit, present, pass by hand. tion, disturbance. 2. Lead, conduct, guide. Halloo, v. no. Shout, call, cry out. Hand down, Transmit in succession. tHalloo, n. Holla, shout, call. H[andbook, n. Manual.

Page  191 HAND-BREADTH 191 HARBOR Hand-breadth, n. Palm, hand, four Hanging, n. 1. Suspension. inches. 2. Death by the halter. Handcuff, n. Manacle, hand-fetter. Hangings, n. pl. Drapery, tapestry. H[andcuff, v. a. Manacle. Hang one's head, Feel ashamed, take HIand-fetter, it. Handcuff, manacle. shame to one's self, hide one's face, hide Handful, n. Maniple. one's diminished head, draw in one's Handicraft, n. Manual occupation. horns. Handicraftsman, n. Artisan, mechan- Hang together, 1. Keep united, stick ic, artificer, workman, hand, crafts- together, hold together. man. 2. [Colloquial.] Be consistent (as the Hiandiwork, n. Hand, workmanship, parts of a story). manufacture. Hang up one's fiddle, [Colloquial.] Handle, v. a. 1. Touch, feel, feel of. Quit business, shut up shop, give up 2. Manage, use, wield. one's occupation. 3. Treat, discuss, discourse on, treat Hanker after, Covet, long for, lust for, of. desire ardently, have a strong desire 4. Deal with. for. Hliandle, ns. 1. Haft, stock. Hankering, sn. Longing, craving, strong 2. BAIL. desire. Handmnaid, t sn. Maid-servant, fe- Hap, a. Chance, fortune, accident, hapHandmaiden,) male servant. hazard, luck, casual event. Hands, n. pl. CLUTCHES. Haphazard, a. Chance, hap. Handscrew, no. Jack. Hapless, a. Luckless, unlucky, unforHIands off; Forbear, desist, keep off, tunate, unhappy, wretched, miserable, don't touch it. forlorn, ill-starred, ill-fated. HIandsolme, a. 1. Beautiful (with dig- Haply, ad. Perhaps, perchance, possinity or grandesur), comely, fair, PRETTY, bly, PERADVENTURE, by chance, by well-formed, well-proportioned. accident, maybe, it may be, as luck 2. Generous, liberal, disinterested, may have it, as it may turn up, as it noble, magnanimous. may happen. 3. Ample, sufficient, plentiful. tHappen, v. at. Chance, occur, befall, HIandwriting, mn. Hand, chirography, betide, come, take place, turn up, fall style of penmanship. oit, come to pass. Handy, a. 1. Dexterous, adroit, ready, Happily, ad. 1. Luckily, fortunately, expert, skilful, skilled, clever. by good fortune, as luck would have it. 2. Convenient, near, at hand, close 2. Successfully, prosperously, in a at hand. happy manner. Hang, v. a. 1. Suspend. 3. Gracefully, dexterously, skilfully, 2. Execute (by the halter), hang by felicitously. the neck. Happiness, n. Felicity, bliss, beatitude, 3. Attach (so as to swving). blessedness, enjoyment, welfare, well4. Incline (the lead), decline, bend being, prosperity. down, let droop. Happy, a. 1. Joyous, joyfiul, blissful, 5. Drape, adorn with hangings. blessed, blest. Hang, v. n. 1. Depend, dangle, be sus- 2; Pleased, gratified, delighted, repended. joiced, glad, gladdened, charmed. 2. Incline, droop, tend downwards. 3. Lucky, fortunate, prosperous, suc3. Depend, rely, be dependent. cessful. 4. Rest, cling. 4. Ready, apt, skilful, adroit, dexter5. Be held in fixed attention. ous, expert, able. 6. Hover, float, play. 5. Seasonable, opportune, befitting, Hang around, Loiter about. pertinent, felicitous, well-timed. Hang back, Demur, hesitate, be back- 6. Auspicious, propitidus, favorable. ward, be reluctant. Harangue, sn. Declamatory speech, publH[ang fire, Be long in discharging (said lie address, popular oration. of a gun). Harangue, v. ns. Declaim, spout, make Hang on, 1. Rely on, depend on, wait a declamatory speech. on, dance attendance on. Harangue, v. a. Address (in a declain2. Continue, last, be protracted. atory style), make an harangue to. 3. Stick, cling, keep hold, hold fast, Harass, v. a. 1. Fatigue, tire, weary, hold on, stick to. fag, jade, exhaust, tire out, IKNOCK UP. Hang out, Display. 2. Vex, plague, worry, tease, distress, Hang over, 1. Project at top, lean trouble, molest, disturb, harry, drive over. from pillar to post. 2. Threaten, impend over. Harbinger, in. Forerunner, precursor, Hlang-bird, is. Baltimore oriole, gol'd- herald. en robin (Icterus Baltimore or Oriolus Harbor, n. 1. Asylum, refuge, shelter, Baltizmore). covert, sanctuary, retreat, restingHang-dog, n. Mean, base, or scurvy place, place of shelter. fellow. 2. Port, haven, harbor, destination. Hanlger-on, n. Parasite, dependant, Harbor, v. a. Take shelter, find a harminion, vassal. bor.

Page  192 HARBOR 192 HARMONICAL Harbor, v. a. 1. Shelter, lodge, pro- Hardhaclk, a. Steeple-bush (Spireaa tect. tonzentosa ). 2. Entertain, cherish, indulge, foster. Hardhead, n. Menhaden, pauhatgen, 3. (Law.) Secrete, receive - clandes- moss-bunker. tinely. Hard-hearted, a. Cruel, unfeeling, Hard, a. 1. Firm, solid, compact, im- merciless, unmerciful, uncompassionpenetrable, unyielding, not soft. ate, unpitying, ruthless, fell, pitiless; 2. Difficult, embarrassing, perplex- relentless, unrelenting, inexorable, baring, puzzling, knotty, intricate, not barous, savage, ferocious, inhuman. easily understood. Hardihood, i. Firmness, fortitude, 3. Laborious, arduous, toilsome, fa- resolution, pluck, mettle, manhood, tiguing, wearying. courage, bravery, intrepidity, boldness, 4. Unfeeling, unkind, insensible, Ln- audacity, determination, resolution, susceptible, cruel, oppressive, rigorous, decision. severe, unyielding, inflexible, callous, Hardly, ad. 1. Scarcely, barely, but obdurate, hard-hearted. just, almost not. 5. Grievous, distressing, calamitous, 2. Severely, rigorously, unkindly, painful, disagreeable, unpleasant. cruelly, roughly. 6. Inclement, stormy, tempestuous, Hardness, n. 1. Firmness, solidity, cold. compactness, impenetrability. 7. Harsh, rough, sour, acid. 2. Difficulty, perplexity. 8. Coarse, unpalatable. 3. Scarcity, penury. 9. Unfavorable, unprosperous, un- 4. Hardship, suftering, tribulation. propitious. Hards, n. pl. Tow, refuse flax. 10. Stiff, constrained, forced, unnat- Hardship, n. 1. Toil, fatigue. ural, ungraceful. 2. Grievance, suffering, trial, affic11. Excessive, intemperate. tion, calamity, misfortune, trouble, Hard, ad. 1. Close, near. burden. 2. Laboriously, diligently, earnestly, Hard-visaged, a. Ugly, homely, hardincessantly, energetically. favored, hard-featured, ill-favored, ill3. With difficulty, not easily. looking, of coarse features. 4. Distressfully, painfully, severely, Hardy, a. 1. Bold, intrepid, resolute, rigorously. brave, daring, valiant, heroic, manly, 5. Vehemently, forcibly, violently. courageous, stout-heartedc Hard-a-lee, (Naut.) Close to the lee 2. Strong, robust, firm, stout, lusty, side. rigorous, healthy, hearty, hale, sound. Hard-a-port, (Xaut.) Close to the lar- Hlare-brained, a. Rash, reckless, headboard side. long, heedless, careless, wild, unsteady, Hard-a-starboard, (Nadut.) Close to giddy, volatile, flighty, giddy-brained, the starboard side. HARUBI-SCARUMI. Hard-a-weather, (Naut.) Close to the EHarfang, n. Hawk-owl (S lnea nyctea windward side. or Strix nyctea), Canada owl. Hard biscuit, Cracker. Hartif, t. Cleavers, goose-grass, catchHlard by, Close by, very near. weed, scratch-weed.( Galium aparine). Hard coal, Anthracite, glance-coal, Hark, interj. Hear, listen, give ear. blind-coal, stone-coal, CULM. Harlequin, an. B-uffoon, jester, droll, Harden, v. a. 1. Indurate, make hard, mountebank, merry-Andrew, punch, make callous. clown, zany, scaramouch, fool, antic, 2. Habituate, inure, season, accus- jack-pudding, pickle-herring. tom, form, train, discipline. Harlequinade, is. Masking, mium3. Strengthen, fortify, steel, nerve, mery, masquerade, buffoonery, foolery, brace. tomfoolery. 4. Sear, make callous, render insen- Harlot, is. Whore, STRUxMPET. sible. Harln, n. 1. Injury, hurt, detriment, 5. Make obdurate, confirm in wicked- damage, prejudice, disadvantage. ness. 2. Evil, mischief, wrong, criminality, Harden, v. a. Grow or become hard. wickedness. Hardened, v. a. 1. Indurated, made Hlarm, v. a. 1. Injure, hurt, damage, hard. do harm to. 2. Confirmed, inured, accustomed, 2. Maltreat, molest, abuse, ill-use, habituated, seasoned, trained. ill-treat. 3. Deadened, seared, steeled, unfeel- Harnful, a. Injurious, detrimental, ing, benumbed, callous, insensible. mischievous, pernicious, deleterious, 4. Depraved, reprobate, obdurate, noxious, baneful, prejudicial, disadvanimpenitent, lost, abandoned, incorrigi- tageous, hurtful. q ble, irreclaimable. HCarmlless, a. 1. Innoxious, innocuous, Hard-favored, a. Ugly, ill-favored, not hurtful. ]HBard-featured, homely, ill-looking, 2. Inoffensive, unoffending. hard-visaged, of coarse features. 3. Uninjured, unhurt, unharmed. H[ard-fisted, a. Avaricious, covetous, H[armonic, [ a. 1. Harmonious, conpenurious, miserly, niggardly, sordid, Ht]armonical, | cordant, consonant. stingy, mercenary, meanl, close-fisted. 2. Melodious, tuneful, musical.

Page  193 HARMIONIOUS 193 HEATTOCK Harmonious, a. 1. Concordant, har- Harvest, v. a. Gather in. monic, consonant. Harvest-fly, tn. Locust (popularly but 2. Melodious, tuneful, musical, dul- erroneously so called). cet, mellifluous. Harvest-man, it. 1. Laborer in the 3. Correspondent, consistent, con- harvest. gruent, symmetrical. 2. Father-long-legs, daddy-long-legs, 4. Friendly, amicable, cordial, broth- shepherd-spider. erly, fraternal, neighborly. Hash, v. a. Mince, chop. Harmonize, v. a. 1. Make harmonious. Hash, it. Minced meat, hashed meat. 2. (Music.) Setaccompanyingparts to. Hasp, n. 1. Clasp (to be put over a Harnmonize, v. no. Accord, agree, cor- staple). respond, chime, comport, tally, square, 2. Hook. quadrate, cohere, be in unison, be har- Hastate. a. (Bot.) Spear-shaped. sHIastated, Harmony, n. 1. Concord (especially Haste, it. 1. Despatch, promptitude, of sounds or tones), accord, accordance, quickness, expedition, celerity, speed. consonance, concordance, unison, agree- 2..Hurry, precipitance, vehemence, ment, chime. precipitation. 2. Adaptation, correspondence, con- Haste, v. n. Hasten, be quick, make sistency, congruity, congruence, fitness, haste. suitableness. HI[asten, v. it. Haste, hurry, move 3. Peace, amity, friendship, good quickly, move speedily, be quick, be in understanding. a hurry, make haste, mend one's pace, HBarmnotome, n. Cross-stone, staurolite. lose no time, lose not a moment, make Harness, n. Tackling. the best of one's way, wing one's way, Harness, v. a. Tackle, put in harness. crowd sail, clap spuls to one's horse. Harp, nt. Lyre. Hasten, v.. Expedite, despatch, speed, Harp, v. tn. 1. Play on the harp. accelerate, quicken, precipitate, press 2. Dwell (tediously). on, urge on, urge forward, push forHfarping, sc. 1. Harp-music. ward. 2. Dwelling, repetition, iteration, re- Hasty, a. 1. Quick, swift, rapid, fleet, iteration. speedy, fast, brisk. Harping-iron, n. Harpoon. 2. Cursory, slight, hurried. Ha ]arpoon, it. Harping-iron. 3. Rash, precipitate, headlong, reckHarpooneer, is. Harpooner. less, thoughtless, indiscreet. Harpooner, in. Harpooneer. 4. Passionate, irritable, touchy, testy, Hiarpseal, cc. Greenland seal (Phoca pettish, waspish, petulant, peevish, Grcenlandica). fretful, fiery, choleric, irascible, excit]Harpy, cn. 1. Duck-hawk, marsh-har- able, hot, peppery. rier, moor-buzzard (Circus cerugincosus). Hat, n. Beaver. 2. Extortioner, sharper, plunderer. Hatch, v. ca. 1. Breed (front eggs). ]Harry, v. a. Worry, annoy, molest, 2. Quicken (by incubation or by heat). plague, torment, trouble, tease, vex, 3. Concoct, devise, plan, contrive, harass, fret, gall, chafe, bore, incom- plot, design, scheme, project, brew, lay mode, disturb. out, chalk out, meditate upon. Harsh, a. 1. Rough. ]H[atch, n. 1. Brood. 2. Sour, acrid, tart, crabbed, hard, 2. Hatchway. biting, sharp, caustic, corrosive. Hatchel, v. a. Hackle, dress (flax). 3. Grating, discordant, jarring. Hatcher, cc. 1. Incubator. 4. Crabbed, morose, stern, severe, 2. Contriver, projecter, deviser. austere, acrimonious, ill-tempered, out Hatchet, n. Small axe. of lhumor, out of temper. Hatch-way, cc. Hatch. 5. Rude, uncivil, bluff, blunt, gruff, Hate, v. a. 1. Bear malice to, owe a ungracious, churlish, bearish, brutal. grudge to. Halrshness, n. 1. Roughlless. 2. DETEST,,bhor, abominate, loathe, 2. Austerity, rigor, severity, stern- nauseate, shrink from, recoil from. ness, crabbedness, moroseness, churl- Hate, cl. Hatred, detestation, anlimosiishlness, ill-tecmper, bad blood. ty, enmity, hostility, antipathy. 3. Rudeness, incivility, bluntness, Hateful, a. 1. Malignant, malevolent. bluffness. 2. Abominable, detestable, execrable, Hart, n. Stag, male red deer. horrid, shocking, damnable, accursed. Hartshorn, cl. Carbonate of ammonia 3. Loathsome, disgusting, nauseous, (icn soleutionc), spirit of hartshorn, liquid offensive, foul, repulsive, obnoxious, ammonia. revolting, vile, abhorrent, repugnant. Harunnm-scarum, a. [Colloquial.] Vola- Hatred, cc. 1. Hate; enmity, hostility, tile, HIARE-BRAINED, rash, precipitate, disaffection, disfavor, alienation, eswild. trangement, odium, animosity, ill-will, Haruspice, az. Diviner, SOOTHSAYER. great dislike. H21[arvest, n. 1. Ingathering. 2. Abhorrence, detestation, abomina2. Produce, crops. tion, horror, loathing, disgust, antip3. Effect, product, result, conse- athy, repugnance. quence. Hattoclk, n. Shock (of corn), stook. 13

Page  194 HAUGHTINESS 194 HEAD-MASTER Haughtiness, n. Arrogance, disdain, Hawk-moth, n. Death's-head moth. loftiness, HAUTEUR. Hawk-nut, a. Ground-nut. Haughty, a. Arrogant, disdainful, Hawk-owl, n. Canada owl, HARFANG. supercilious, assLuming, proud, lofty. Hawthorn, n. Whitethorn (Cratregus Haul, v. a. Drag, draw, pull, tug, tow, oxyaccantha). lug, trail, take in tow. Hazard, n. 1. Chance, casualty, acciHaul, n. 1. Pull, tug. dent, fortuitous event. 2. Draught. 2. Danger, peril, risk, jeopardy. Haunch, n. Hip.:Hazard, v. a. Venture, adventure, risk, Haunt, v. a. Frequent, resort to. jeopard, peril, imperil, endanger, put in Haunt, ns. Retreat, resort, den, place danger, put at hazard. much frequented. Hazardous, a. Dangerous, perilous, H:autboy, n2. Oboe. IRISsY, unsafe, fraught with danger. ~H[auteur, l. [Fr.] Haughtiness, arro- Haze, n. 1. Fog, mist. gance, loftiness, stateliness, disdain, 2. Obscurity, dimness. superciliousness, conceit, pride, self- Hazel, a. Light brown. importance, self-conceit. Hazy, a. Foggy, misty. ]Have, v. a. 1, Hold (whether one's own He, a. Male. or not). Head, n. 1. Seat of the brain, rNODDLE. 2. Possess, own, be in possession of, 2. Top, summit, CAPITAL, upper be seized of. part, acme. 3. Be favored with. 3. Fore part, front part. 4. Be the subject of. 4. Commencement, beginning, rise, 5. Regard, consider, esteem. source, origin. 6. Require, wish, desire. 5. Chief part, principal part. 7. Obtain, acquire, receive, get, gain. 6. Person, individual. 8. Be obliged, be under the neces- 7. Chief, chieftain, leader, principal, sity. corypheus, commander, master, direc9. Accept (as husband or as wife), tor, superintendent. take. 8. First pace, place of honor. 10. Beget, be the parent of. 9. Understanding, intellect, mind, Have a bee in the head, Be a little thought. crazy, be cracked. 10. Topic, subject. ]Have a finger in, Have a share in, be 11. Class, division, section, departconcerned in, have a hand in. ment, category. Have a hand in, Be concerned in, have 12. Heigllt (of water applicable to the a share in, have a finger in. driving of' a water-wheel). Have an eye to, Pay particular atten- Head, a. 1. Chief, principal, highest, tion to, have especial regard to, not first. overlook, not lose sight of. 2. (Naut.) Adverse (said of the wind), ]Have at heart, Be deeply interestedin, contrary. be specially anxious about. Head and ears, Completely, entirely, ]Have done with, Have no further con- wholly. cern with, be through with, have ceased Head and shoulders, 1. Violently, by to be concerned with. force. Have in hand, Be engaged upon. 2. By far, by a great deal, by the ]Haven, se. 1. Harbor, port. height of head and shoulders. 2. Shelter, asylum, place of safety. Head, v. a. 1. Lead, direct, command, Havoc, st. Ravage, devastation, de- govern, rule. struction, desolation, waste, ruin, spoil, 2. Put a head on, fit with a head. pillage, rapine, spoliation, slaughter, 3. Get in front of (io order to stop), carnage. intercept, head off. Hlave on, Wear. Head, v. n. 1. Form a head (said of a lB[ave one's hands full, Have much to planet). do, be very busy, have much upon one's 2. Tend, be pointed, be directed. hands, be under a press of business. Hleadache, n. Cephalalgy. Hllave on the hip, [Colloquial.] Con- Head-foremost, ad. 1. With the head quer, subdue, vanquish, defeat, over- first. come, overthrow, overpower, get the 2. Rashly, hastily, precipitately, better of, prevail over, get the upper headlong. hand of, get the whip hand of. Headiness, n. 1. Rashness, hurry, HEave to do with, Concern one's self precipitation. with, have concern with, deal with. 2. Obstinacy, stubbornness. Haw, v. se. Hesitate (in speaing), stam- E Heading, sr. Title, CAPTION. mer, stutter, falter, hum and haw. Hlead-dress, ns. Coiffure. Hawfinch, it. Grossbeak (Coccothraus- Headland, n. Promontory, cape, foretes vuelgaris). land. Hawk, n. Falcon. HIeadless, a. Acephalous. Hawk, v. a. Cry, sell by outcry. Headlong, ad. Rashly, hastily, precip-;HYawk-eyed, a. Sharp-sighted quick- itately, head-foremost, thoughtlessly, sighted, keen-eyed, eagle-eyed, lynx- without deliberation. eyed, Argus-eyed. Head-master, n. Principal (ofa school).

Page  195 HEAD-MONEY 195 HEAVE Head-money, n. Poll-tax, capitation- Heartburn, n. Cardialgia, cardialgy. tax. H[eart-burning, a. Grudge, resentHEleadl off, Intercept, head, get before. ment, spleen, gall, rankling, animosity, Head-piece, n. Helmet, helm, morion. secret enmity. H:[eadsman, a. Executioner. Hearten, v. a. Encourage, embolden, H[eadstone, n. 1. Corner-stone. animate, inspirit, enhearten, cheer, 2. Gravestone. incite, stimulate, assure, reassure, comHIeadstrong, a. Stubborn, obstinate, fort, console, buoy up. dogged, cantankerous, ungovernable, Hleart-felt,a. Deep, profound, hearty, unruly, intractable, heady, self-willed, cordial, deep-felt, home-felt. cross-grained. Hearth, 9n. Fireside, home, hearth-stone. Head-voice, it. Falsetto. Hearth-stone, is. Fireside. Head-work, n. Mental labor, intellect- Heartily, ad. 1. Sincerely, cordially, ual labor. from the heart, with all the heart. Heady, a. 1. Rash, impetuous, hasty, 2. Vigorously, earnestly, eagerly, arprecipitate. dently, warmly, zealously, with ardor, 2. Stubborn, HEADSTRONG. with zeal, with resolution. lHeal, v. a. 1. Cure, remedy, restore, 3. Freely, largely, with good appetite. make sound or whole. HEeart's-ease, n. (Bot.) Pansy ( Viola 2. Reconcile, compose, settle, make tricolor). up. H X eart-shaped, a. Cordate. Hfeal, v. n. Be cured, become sound. Hieart-stirring, a. Inspiring, animat3Healds,?. pl. Heddle. ing. Healing, a. Sanative, curative. Hearty, a. 1. Zealous, earnest, warm, Health, n. Soundness, freedom from affectionate, cordial, sincere, heartfelt, disease. unfeigned. Healthful, a. Wholesome, salubrious, 2. Healthy, hale, sound, strong, well, salutary, healthy, health-giving. robust, in good health. H[ealth-giving, a. HEALTHFUL, whole- HPeat, n. 1. Caloric. some. 2. Warmth. iHealthy, a. 1. Sound, hale, hearty, vig- 3. Degree of temperature. orous, well, in good health, in good case. 4. Excitement, flush, vehemence, im2. Wholesome, salubrious, salutary, petuosity, violence, passion, fever. healthful, health-giving. 5; Ardor, earnestness, fervor, zeal. Heap, ai. Pile, mass, collection, ac- 6. Contest, struggle, race. cumulation. Heat, v. a. 1. Make hot. Heap, v. a. 1. Pile, lay in a heap, throw 2. Excite, flush, make feverish. into a heap. 3. Warm, animate, rouse. 2. Amass, accumulate, heap up. PHeather, is. [Scottish.] Heath. HIeap up, Amass, HEAP. Heath-cock, ns. Black-grouse, blackHear, v. a. 1. Perceive by the ear. game, blackcock ( Tetrao tetrix). 2. Give audience to, listen to, attend iHeathen,. & a. Gentile, pagan, heato. thenish. 3. Regard, heed, give heed to. Heathenish, a. 1. Heathen, pagan, 4. Try, examine judicially. gentile. Hlear, v. ai. 1. Enjoy the sense of hear- 2. Barbarous, savage, cruel, inhuing. man. 2. Listen, hearken, attend, give ear. HIeathenism, n. 1. Paganism, gentil3. Be told, be informed, have an ac- ism. count. 2. Barbarism. tHearing, n. 1. Sense of hearing. Heath, at. HEATHER. 2. Audience, opportunity to be heard. Heathery, a. Heathy. 3. Trial, judicial examination. Heath-game, n. Grouse. 4. Hearing distance. IH[eathy, a. Heathery. Hearken, v. n. 1. Listen, hear. Heating, a. Calorific, heat-producing. 2. Attend, give heed, pay regard. Heat-producing, a. HEATING. H[earsay, ss. Rumor, report, fame, bruit, Heave, v. a. 1. Lift, hoist, raise, elecommon talk, town talk. vate, raise up. Heart, n. 1. Seat of life. 2. Breathe, force from the breast. 2. Centre, interior, core, kernel, inner 3. Throw, toss, hurl; send, fling. part, vital part. Heave, v. n. 1. Pant. 3. Disposition, mind, will, inclina- 2. Swell, dilate, expand. tion, purpose, intent, affection, passion. 3. Retch, keck, try to vomit. 4. Courage, spirit, firmness, fortitude, 4. Struggle, strive, make an effort. resolution. Heave in sight, (iVaut.) Appear, come Heartache, n. Grief, sorrow, distress, in sight, become visible, come into affliction, woe, bitterness, broken heart, view, open to the view. heavy heart, bleeding heart. Heave, Is. 1. Swell, rising, swelling, ]Heart-broken, a. Disconsolate, incon- heaving. solable, woebegone, forlorn, miserable, 2. Retching, effort to vomit. wretched, desolate, cheerless, comfort- 3. Struggle, striving, effort. less, broken-hearted, in despair. 4. Fling, throw.

Page  196 HEAVEN 196 HELMET Heaven, n. 1. Firmament, sky, welkin, Hedge-fence, n. HEDGE. empyrean, celestial sphere, starry heav- Hedge in, Enclose, environ, surround, en, vault of heaven, canopy of heaven. shut in, hem in. 2. Paradise, Elysium, abode of the Hedge up, Obstruct, bar, shut up. blessed. Heed, v. a. Regard, mind, notice, mark, 3. GOD, Jehovah, Lord. observe, attend to, give heed to, pay 4. Exalted state, state of bliss, great attention to, take notice of. felicity, supreme happiness. Heed, n. Regard, notice, care, attenHeavenly, a. 1. Celestial, of the fir- tion, caution, heedfulness, watchfulmament, of the visible heavens. ness, wariness, vigilance, circumspec2. Divine, angelic, seraphic, cherubic, tion, observation. godlike. Heedful, a. Observant, observing, mindHeavenly-minded, a. Devout, pious, ful, regardful, watchful, cautious, carereligious, godly, reverent, spiritually- ful, wary, circumspect, attentive, provminded. ident. Heaviness, n. 1. Gravity, weight, pon- Heedless, a. Unobserving, unobservderousness. ant, inattentive, careless, thoughtless, 2. Oppressiveness, grievousness, se- negligent, neglectful, unmindful, reverity. gardless, inconsiderate, unwatchful. 3. Languor, dulness, stupidity, slug- Heedlessness, n. Carelessness, thoughtgishness. lessness, inattention, inadvertence, neg4. D)ejection, depression, sadness, lect, oversight. melancholy, despondency, gloom, low Heel, v. n. (Naut.) Incline, lean. spirits, depression of spirits. Heft, nt. 1. Handle. Heaving, it. 1. Panting. 2. [Colloquial, U. S.]'Weight. 2. Swell, rising, swelling, heave. 3. [Colloquial, U. S.] Bulk, greater Heavy, a. 1. WEIGHTY (wit]h reference part. to one's strength), ponderous, not light, Hegira, n. 1. Flight of Mahomet (July not easy to lift. 16, 622). 2. Oppressive, grievous, severe, bur- 2. Exodus, departure, going out. densome, cumbersome, afflictive. Heifer, is. Young cow. 3. Dull, sluggish, inert, inactive, stu- Height, n. 1. Elevation, altitude, pid, torpid, indolent, slow. TALLNESS. 4. Dejected, depressed, sorrowful, 2. Eminence, summit, apex, acme, sad, gloomy, melancholy, despondent, culminating point. downcast, down-hearted, low-spirited, 3. Hill, mountain, high ground. crest-fallen, chap-fallen, in low spir- 4. Utmost degree. its. Heighten, v. a. 1. Exalt, elevate, 5. Onerous, difficult, laborious. raise. 6. Tedious, tiresome, wearisome. 2. Increase, enhance, augment. 7. Loaded, burdened, encumbered, 3. Intensify, aggravate. weighed down. Heinous, a. Flagrant, flagitious, atro8. Miry, muddy, cloggy, clayey. cious, infamous, villanous, nefarious, 9. Clammy (as bread), not well crying, very wicked. raised. Helamys, st. Jumping-rat, jumping10. Stormy, tempestuous, violent, hare (Pedetes capensis). boisterous. Helical, a. Spiral, winding, cochleary, 11. Loud, deep, roaring. cochleated, screw-shaped. Heavy-spar, n. Sulphate of baryta Heliotrope, n. 1. (Bot.) Turnsole. (native). 2. (Alin.) Bloodstone. Hebdomadal, a. Weekly. Helix, so. 1. Coil, circumvolution, spiral HIebetate, v. a. Dull, blunt, stupefy, line. benumb, make torpid. 2. Snail-shell. Hebrew, n. 1. Israelite, Jew. Hell, n. Gehenna, purgatory, limbo, 2. Hebrew language. abyss, Tartarus, Hades, Avernus, EreHebrew, a. Jewish. bus, place of torment, bottomless pit, HEectic, a. Habitual (as thefever attend- everlasting fire, infernalregions, shades ing coonsusmsptiont), constitutional. below, realms of Pluto, the lower Hector, n. Bully, blusterer, swaggerer, world. noisy fellow. Hellenic, a. Grecian. Hector, v. a. 1. Bully, threaten, men- Hellenism, so. Grecism, Greek idiom. ace. Hellish, a. 1. Of hell. 2. Vex, tease, annoy, fret, harry, 2. Infernal, diabolical, fiendish, devilworry, irritate, provoke. ish, demoniacal, fiend-like, atrocious, Hector, v. st. Bluster, swagger,'play detestable, abominable, execrable, nethe bully. farious, very wicked. Heddle, n. Healds. Helm, s. 1. Helmet, morion. Hedge, n. Fence (of bushes or shrubs), 2. Steering apparatus. hedge-fence. 3. Direction, control, command, rule, Hedge, v. a. Enclose with a hedge. reins, post of command. Hedge-born, a. Obscure, of low birth, Helmet, no. Helm, morion, CASQUE, meanly born. cask, head-piece, armor for the head.

Page  197 HELMINTHAGOGUE 197 HERON Helminthagogue, n. Anthelmintic, Herbalist, n. Botanist. vermifuge. Herbarium, no Herbal, hortus-siccus. Helot, a. Slave (of Sparta). Herbary, H Helotism, n. Slavery, servitude, serf- Herb-paris, n. Truelove, oneberry. dom. Herculean, a. 1. Strong, mighty, powHelp, v. a. 1. Relieve, succor, serve. erful, puissant, vigorous, sturdy, ath2. Assist, support, aid, second, back, letic, brawny, muscular, sinewy, stalabet, co-operate with, take part with. wart, able-bodied. 3. Remedy, cure, heal. 2. Difficult, toilsome, troublesome, 4. Prevent, hinder, withstand, resist, laborious, operose, very hard. repress, control. 3. Large, great, gigantic, strapping, 5. Avoid, forbear, refrain from. huge, colossal, Cyclopean. tHelp, v. n. Lend aid, contribute assist- Herd, n. 1. Drove (of the larger aniance, give one a lift. mals). Help, n. 1. Assistance, aid, succor, sup- 2. Crowd, rabble, multitude. port. Herd, v. n. Associate (as beasts), keep 2. Remedy, relief. company. 3. Helper, assistant. Herd's-grass, n. 1. [New England.] 4. [U. S.] Domestic, house-servant Cat's-tail, timothy-grass (Phleums pra(particularly a maid-servant). tense). Helper, n. Assistant, ally, auxiliary, 2. [Pennsylvania.] Red-top(Agrostis coadjutor, aider, abettor, colleague, vulgaris). partner. Here, ad. 1. In this place. H-elpful, a. 1. Useful, beneficial, con- 2. In the present state, in the present venient. life. 2. Wholesome, salutary. Hereafter, ad. 1. In time to come, in Helpless, a. 1. Weak, feeble, powerless, some future time. impotent, imbecile, disabled, infirm. 2. In a future state. 2. Exposed, defenceless, unprotected. Hiereafter, n. Future state. 3. Irremediable, beyond help. Hereby, ad. By this. Helpmate, n. Wife, consort, partner, Hereditable, a. Inheritable. Hlelpmeet, I companion. Hereditament, st. Inheritable propHIelp on, Forward, further. erty. Help to, 1. Help to get or obtain. Hereditary, a. 1. Ancestral, patri2. Supply with, furnish with. monial, by inheritance. Helter-skelter, ad. Pellmell, irregu- 2. Inherited, transmitted (fronm anlarly, disorderly, in disorder, in con- cestors). fusion. Herein, ad. In this. Helve, em. Handle (of an axe or a hatchet). Heresiarch, n. Chief heretic, leader in Helvetic, a. Swiss. heresy. ~Hem, nc. Border, edge, margin. Heresy, n. Heterodoxy, error, unsound Hem, v. a. Border, edge, skirt. doctrine. Hem in, Enclose, confine, environ, sur- Heretic, n. Sectary, schismatic, nonround, shut in, hedge in. conformist, dissenter, separatist. Hematite, sn. Bloodstone. Heretical, a. Heterodox, schismatic, Hemeralopia, s. (Med.) Night-blind- schismatical, sectarian. ness, day-sight. Heretofore, act. Formerly, before the Hemisphere, in. Half-globe, half-sphere. present time. Hemispheric, a Half-rou -d. Hereupon, ad. Upon this, on this. Henmispherical, H a-.... H' Herewith, ad. With this. Hemistich, lo. Half a verse, half a line. Heritage, ln. Inheritance, portion, patHemorrhoids, n. pl. (Med.) Piles. rimony, estate. Hence, ad. 1. From this place, from Hermeneutic, a Exeg here. Hermeneutical,. Exegetical. 2. From this time. Hermeneutics, n. Exegesis, science of 3. Therefore, from this cause, for that interpretation. reason, as a consequence. Hermetic,. Air-tight 4. From this source. Hermetical, tHenceforth, ad. Henceforward, from Hermit, a. Anchorite, anchoret, recluse, this time forward. solitary, solitaire, ERESISTE. Henceforward, ad. HENCEFORTH. Hernia, l. Rupture. Hep-tree, a. [Written also Hip-tree.] Hernshaw, n. Heron, heronshaw. Dog-rose, wild-brier (Rosa cansina). Hero, n. 1. Brave man. Herald, in. 1. Proclaimer, publisher, 2. Principal character. crier. Heroic, a. 1. Brave, valiant, courage2. Forerunner, precursor, harbinger. ous, intrepid, bold, daring, gallant, fearHerald, v. a. Proclaim, announce, pub- less, dauntless, noble, magnanimous. lish. 2. Epic. Heraldry, a. Blazonry, emblazonry. Heroisml, n. Bravery, valor, courage, Herbage, n. Herbs, grass, pasture. gallantry, prowess, daring, intrepidity, Herbal, it. Herbarium, herbary, hortus- magnanimity. siccus. Heron, n. Hernshaw, heronshaw.

Page  198 HERONSHAW 198 HIGH-PRICED Heronshaw, n. Heron, hernshaw. Hieroglyphic, a. Emblematical, Herschel, n. (Astron.) Uranus, Geor- Hieroglyphical, } symbolical. gium Sidus. Hieorophant, n. Priest. Hesitancy, n. Uncertainty, doubt, sus- Higgle, v. nz. 1. Peddle, hawk. pense, hesitation. 2. Haggle, bargain, negotiate, chafHesitate, v. a. 1. Pause, delay, demur, fer. doubt, waver, vacillate, be undeter- Higgledy-piggledy, ad. [Colloquial.] mined, stop to consider, be in doubt, be Confusedly, disorderly, pellmell, in disin suspense, be doubtful. order, helter-skelter, topsy-turvy, at 2. Falter, stammer, have an impedi- sixes and sevens. ment in speech. Higgler, n. 1. Peddler, travelling traHesitation, n. 1. Uncertainty, doubt, der. suspense, hesitancy, vacillation. 2. Chafferer. 2. Faltering, stammering, difficulty High, a. 1. Lofty, elevated, TALL, of utterance. heaven-kissing, of great altitude. Hesper, n. Hesperus, evening star. 2. Eminent, prominent, pre-eminent, Hesperian, a. [Poetical.] Western, occi- distinguished, superior, exalted, noble, dental.. dignified. Hesperus, a. Hesper, Venus, evening 3. Abstruse, recondite, occult, obstar. scure, dark, transcendental, profound. Hessian-fly, ni. Wheat-fly (Cecidomyia 4. Proud, haughty, arrogant, superdestructor). cilious, lordly. Heteroclite, a. Irregular, anomalous, 5. Boastful, ostentatious, bragging, abnormal. vain-glorious. Heterodox, a. Heretical, not ortho- 6. Oppressive, domineering, overdox. bearing, tyrannical, despotic. Heterodoxy, a. Heresy, error, unsound 7. Violent, boisterous, turbulent, tudoctrine. multuous. Heterogeneity, n. HETEROGENEOUS- 8. Great, strong, extreme. NESS. 9. Complete, full. Heterogeneous, a. Unlike, dissimilar, 10. Dear, of great price. different. ll. Acute, sharp, shrill, high-toned, ]Heterogeneousness, n. Heterogeneity, not fiat. dissimilarity, dissimilitude, unlikeness, 12. Somewhat intoxicated, TIGHT, difference. fuddled, boozy. Heteropathic, a. Allopathic. High, ad. 1. Aloft, on -high, to a great RHeteropathy, n. Allopathy. height. ]HIew, v. a. 1. Cut, chop, hack. - 2. Profoundly, powerfully. 2. Smooth (with an axe), fashion, Highest good, Supreme good, greatform. est good, suunarUM BoaNUM. Hew down, Fell, cut down. Highfalutin, a. [Colloquial.] Pompous,.Hm[exahedral, a. Cubic, six-sided. swelling, inflated, turgid, tumid, bomHexahedron, n. Cube, six-sided figure. bastic, pretentious, stilted, grandilolHeyday, a. Frolic, play, exultation. quent, declamatory, rhetorical, highHiatus, i. Opening, gap, break, inter- flowing, high-sounding, sophomorical, val, chasm. spread-eagle, high-flown. Hibernate, v. n. Winter, pass the win- HE]igh-flavored, a. Pungent, piquant, ter. high-seasoned.:Hibernian, a. Irish. High-flown, a. 1. Proud, haughty, Hibernian, n. Irishman. lofty, supercilious. Hibernicislm,. Irishism, Irish 2. Extravagant, turgid, bombastic, Hibernianisl, idiom. HIGHFALUTIN. Hidden, a. 1. Concealed, secret, latent, H[igh-handed, a. Overbearing, oppresoccult, clandestine, close. sive, arbitrary. 2. Abstruse, recondite, mysterious, Highland, n. Mountainous region. mystic, mystical, dark, obscure. Highlander, an. Mountaineer. Hide, v. a. 1. Secrete, conceal, cover, Highly, ad. Extremely, exceedingly, bury, keep from sight. very much, in a great degree, in a high 2. Shelter, cloak, screen, veil. degree. 3. [Low.] Flog, whip, beat. High-mnettled, a. Ardent, fiery, spiritHide, v. it. Lie hid, lie concealed, be ed, bold, daring, high-spirited. concealed, conceal one's self, lie in am- H3igh-minded, a. 1. Proud, arrogant, bush, keep one's self out of sight, be haughty, lofty. withdrawn from view. 2. Noble, honorable, elevated, magHEide, n0. Skin (of the larger animnals). nanimous, high-toned. ]Hideous, a. Frightful, dreadful, appall- Highness, i. 1. Loftiness, altitude, ing, horrible, terrible, horrid, ghastly, elevation, height. grisly, grim, shocking. 2. Eminence, exaltation, dignity. Hie, v. so. [Poetical.] Hasten, go in 3. Violence, vehemence, tu'bulence. haste. 4. Greatness. Hierarchy, n. Ecclesiastical govern- 5. Acuteness, shrillness, sharpness. ment, ecclesiastical establishment. High-priced, a. Costly, dear, high.

Page  199 HIGH-PRIEST 199 HOBBLE High-priest, n. Chief priest. Hire, io. Wages, stipend, allowance, High-reaching, a. 1. Reaching up- salary, pay, remuneration. wards. Hireling, sn. 1. Mercenary, hired soldier. 2. Ambitious, aspiring. Hired servant. High-road, n. Highway, public road. Hireling, a. Mercenary, venal. Hiigh-school, n. School (of the first Hirling, n. Salmon-trout, sea-trout class), academy, seminary, gymnasium. (Salmno trutta). H[igh-seasoned, a. Pungent, piquant, Hirsute, a. Hairy, shaggy. high-flavored. Hispid, a. Bristly, rough. ]High-spirited, a. 1. Spirited, bold, Historian, n. Chronicler, annalist, daring, hligh-mettled. writer of history. 2. Proud, high-strung. History, n. Account, narration, narraHigh-strung, a. Proud, high-spirited. tive, relation, record, recital, story, High tilme, Quite time. CHlONICLE, ANNALS. High-toned, a. 1. Acute, sharp, shrill, Histrionic, Ili-h. Histrionical, a. Theatric, theatrical. 2. Noble, honorable, high-minded. Hit, v. a. 1. Strike, strike against. High-water-mnark, n. Flood-mark. 2. Attain, reach, gainr, win, secure. Highway, s. High-road, public road. 3. Suit, acc6rd with, be conformable HIighwayman, so. Robber, footpad, to, be suitable to. bandit, brigand, freebooter, marauder, Hit, v. sa. 1. Clash, collide, come in conoutlaw, highway robber. tact, strike together. High wine, 1. Brandy. 2. Succeed, be successful, be crowned 2. Pure alcohol. with success, come off successful, carry High words, Strife, contention, bick- the point, gain the point. ering, logomachy, war of words. Hit, sn. 1. Strole, blow, collision. High-wrought, a. 1. Impetuous, ve- 2. Chance, venture, fortune, hazard. hement, intense. 3. Happy remark, apt expression. 2. Enthusiastic, impassioned. 4. Lucky venture. 3. Highly finished, nicely elaborated. Hit off, Imitate, personate, mimic, take Hilarious, a. Gay, jovial, jolly, joyful, off. merry. Hit upon, Find, discover, find out, fall Hilarity, n. Gayety, mirth, merriment, upon, light upon. jollity, jovialty, joyousness, exhilara- Hitch, v. sX. Go by jerks. tion, cheerfulness, glee, high spirits. H[itch, v. a. Fasten, tie, attach. Hill, sn. Eminence (less than a moun- Hitch, so. 1. Catch, impediment, obtain), mount, rising ground. stacle, hinderance, check. Hillock,?n. Knoll, mound. 2. Jerk, jerking motion. Hilt, sn. Handle (of a sword). 3. (Nalt.) Knot, noose. Hind, a. Back, hinder, posterior. Hither, ad. To this place. Hind, n. 1. Female de.er (of the stag or Hither, a, Nearest. red deer). Hitherto, ad. Yet, till now, to this 2. Peasant, swain, boor, lout, rustic, time, up to this time, until this time. clod-poll, bumpkin, clown, ploughman, HIitherward, ad. This way, towards bogtrotter, clodhopper, countryman. this place. )Hinder, a. Hind, back, posterior. Htive, s. 1. Habitation of bees, bee-hive, Hinder, v. a. Prevent (temporarily), apiary. impede, obstruct, stop, interrupt, re- 2. Swarm of bees. tard, check, thwart, oppose, embarrass. Hive, v. a. 1. Put into a hive. Hinderance, is. [Written also Hiss- 2. Store, collect, gather, HOARD. drance.] Impediment, obstacle, stop, Hives, n. pl. (1Med.) Croup, rattles. obstruction, interruption, check, re- Hoar, a. Hoary, white, gray. straint. HIoard, v. a. Store (secretly), deposit, Hindmost, a. Last. save, garner, husband, hive, accumuHinge, v. n. Turn, depend, hang, be late, amass, treasure up, lay in, lay by, dependent. set by, lay up. tHinny, so. Mule. Hoar-frost, s. White frost, frozen dew. Hint, av. a. Suggest, intimate, insinuate, 1Hoarse, a. 1. Husky, raucous. allude to, refer to, hint at, glance at, 2. Rough, grating, harsh. just mention, give an inkling of. HIoarseness, is. 1. Huskiness, raucity. Hint at, Suggest, HINT. 2. Roughness, harshness. Hint, n. Intimation, suggestion, insin- Hoary, a. Hoar, white, gray. uation, allusion, slight mention. Hoax, n. Deception (fore sport), cheat, Hip, lo. Haunch. fraud, imposition, practical joke. Hlipped, } a. [Colloquial.] Melancholy, Hoax, v. a. Deceive (jocosely), cheat, Hippish, hypochondriacal, blue, de- impose upon. jected, depressed, low-spirited, in low Hobble, v. so. Limp, halt, hop, walk spirits. lamely. HippapotaLmus,,o. River-horse, sea- Hobble, v. a. Fetter, hopple. horse. Hobble, 7o. 1. Limp, halt. HEip-tree, n. [Written also lep-tree.] 2. Perplexity, embarrassment, dfiMDog-rose, wild-brier (Rosa canina). culty, strait, pickle.

Page  200 HOBBLY 200 HOLY Hobbly, a. Rough (said of a road), un- Holder, it. Owner, possessor, proprietor. even. Holdfast, n. Catch, hook. Hobby, n. 1. Hobby-horse. Hold forth, 1. (Active.) Offer, propose, 2. Favorite object, favorite pursuit. exhibit, hold out. Hobby-horse, it. HOBBY. 2. (Neuter.) Harangue, preach, speak -Hobgoblin, ai. Goblin, spectre, sprite, in public. frightful apparition, evil spirit. Hold good, Stand, be valid, be true, be Hobson's choice, That or nothing, no applicable. alternative. Hold in, 1. (Active.) Check, restrain, Hocus-pocus, n. 1. Juggler, trickster, repress, rein in. impostor, cheater, swindler, sharper. 2. (Neuter.) Restrain one's self. 2. Cheat, juggle, trick, deception, Hold on, 1. (Active.) Continue, mainimposition, imposture, delusion, deceit, tain, keep up, push forward. artifice, finesse, circumvention, chouse. 2. (Neter.) Cling, stick, hold fast, Hodge-po-dge, n. Medley, farrago, keep hold of. jumble, mixture, miscellany, salma- 3. (Neuter.) Continue, remain, engundi, lotch-potch, gallimaufry, olio, dure, last. olla-podrida. 4. Persevere, persist, be steady, be Hoe-cake, n. [U. S.]'Johnny-cake. steadfast, be constant, go onl, keep on, Hog, it. Swine, porker, sow, PIG. keep one's course, keep or mainltain Hoggish, a. 1. Swinish, brutish, filthy. one's ground, stick to it, not give it up, 2. Mean, selfish, greedy. stand fast, stand firm. Hog-nut, it. Pig-nut, broom hickory H[old out, 1. (Active.) Offer, propose, (JuSqlans glabra). hold forth. Hog-sty, it. Hog-pen, pig-sty. 2. (Neuter.) Last, endure, continue. Hoiden, a. Rustic, rude, inelegant, un- 3. (Neuter.) Not yield, not be subcouth, ungenteel, unlicked, hoidenish, dued. rough, rude, ill-taught, ill-behaved, ill- Hold one's own, Maintain one's pomannered. sition. Hoiden, it. Romp, tomboy, romping Hold one's tongue, } Be still, keep still, girl. Hold one's peace, keep silence. Hoidenish, a. HOIDEN. Hold together, Remain united, keep Hoist, v. a. Raise, lift, elevate, heave, together. raise up. Hold up, Clear up, cease raining. Hoist, i. Lift. Hole, n. Perforation, aperture, Hold, v. a. 1. Grasp, clutch, clinch, opening. gripe. 2. Cavity, cave, cavern, hollow, con2. Possess, retain, have, occupy, keep cavity, excavation. possession of. 3. Hovel, kennel, den, mean habita3. Restrain, confine, detain, imprison, tion. shut in, shut up, hern in. Holiday, n. 1. Festival, anniversary,. 4. Bind, fasten, unite, connect. celebration. 5. Stop, stay, arrest, suspend, with- 2. Day of amusement. hold, keep in check. Holiness, n. 1. Sanctity, piety, purity, 6. Maintain, support, continue, sus- devotion, devoutness, godliness, religtain, prosecute, keep up, carry on. iousness. 7. Embrace, entertain, cherish, take 2. Divineness, sacredness. as true. Hfolla, it. Shout, halloo, loud cry. 8. Think, regard, consider, believe, Hollow, a. 1. Vacant, empty, void, judge, esteem, count, account, reck- cavernous, not solid. on. 2. Insincere, treacherous, false, faith9. Contain, admit, take in, have a less, hypocritical, pharisaical, deceitcapacity for. ful, false-hearted, hollow-hearted. 10. Celebrate, solemnize. 3. Deep, low, rumbling. 11. Assemble, convene, call together. Hollow, a. 1. Depression, low spot, low Hold, v. it. 1. Be firm, be fast, continue place. unbroken, not break, not give way. 2. Cavity, concavity, depression, ex2. Continue, remain, persist, last, cavation, hole, cave, cavern, dent, dint, endure. dimple, pit. 3. Adhere, cohere, cling, stick, cleave, 3. Groove, channel, canal. remain attached. Hollow, v. a. Excavate, scoop. 4. Be derived, derive title. Hollow, ad. [Lows.] Wholly, complete5. Think, believe, be of opinion. ly, utterly. 6. Stand, be true, prove good, hold Hollow-hearted, a. Insincere, false, true. false-hearted, HOLLOW. EHold, n. 1. Grasp; gripe. Holocaust, n. Burnt-offering (wholly 2. Support, stay, prop. consusmed). 3. Footing, vantage-ground. Holy, a. 1. Pious, devout, religious, 4. Fort, castle, fortress, fortification, good, godly, saintly, spiritual, pure, fortified place. saint-like, heavenly-minded. Hfoldback, ns. Hinderance, restraint, 2. Sacred, consecrated, hallowed, check, obstacle. blessed.

Page  201 HOLY GHOST 201 HOOT AT Holy Ghost, Paraclete, Comforter, Holy Honest,.a. 1. Honorable, reputable, Spirit, The Spirit, The Spirit of God, creditable, right, proper, equitable. The Sanctifier, Spirit of Truth. 2. Upright, virtuous, conscientious, Holy Spirit, HOLY GHOST. just, true, fair, faithful, trusty, trust. Holy thistle, a. Blessed thistle (Cen- worthy, as good as one's word. taurea benedicta). 3. Sincere, candid, frank. Holy week, is. Passion-week, week be- Honesty, is. 1. Integrity, probity, upfore Easter. rightness, fairness, justice, virtue, Holy Writ, n. Bible, Scriptures, Sacred equity, veracity, truth, trustiness, Scriptures, Holy Scriptures, Old and faithfulness, honor. New Testaments. 2. Sincerity, candor, frankness, plain Homlage, n. 1. Fealty, allegiance, dealing. loyalty, fidelity. Honey-combed, a. Alveolate, cellular. 2. Reverence, obeisance, respect, Honeyed, a. Sweet. deference, duty, service, honor. Honeysuckle, n. Woodbine. 3. Cult, worship. Honor, i. 1. Reputation, repute, fame, Home, is. Domicile, dwelling, residence, consideration, esteem, credit, glory, abode, place of abode, abiding place. good name. Home, ad. 1. To one's home. 2. Dignity, distinction, elevation, 2. Close, closely, pointedlly. high ranlk; distinguished position. IHome, a..1. Domestic, home-born. 3. Veneration, reverence, respect, 2. Close, pointed, direct, severe, homage, deference, civility. poignant. 4. Integrity, probity, honesty, mageHomle-born, a. I. Native, natural, nanilnity, - high-mindedness, nobleness home-bred. of