History of Michigan,
Moore, Charles, 1855-1942.

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Page  [unnumbered] HISTORY OF BY CHARLES MOORE I LL U ST RA TED VOLUME IV CHICAGO THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 1915

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Page  1759 History of Michigan ALEXANDER DODDS. It has been asserted that the commencement of civilization is the discovery of some of the useful arts or sciences through which men acquire fortune, comforts or luxuries, while the necessity or desire of preserving them leads to laws and social institutions. In reality, however, the origin, as well, as the advancement and improvement of society, is based on mechanical and chemical inventions, ill connection with which Alexander Dodds, of Grand Rapids, has become one of Michigan's best known citizens. As inventor, organizer, promoter and executive he has shown himself capable, far-seeing and energetic, and while he has found no time for public life, has always demonstrated a commendable willingness to perform the duties of publicspirited citizenship. Mr. Dodds was born December 8, 1845, at Gouverneur, New York. His grandfather, also named Alexander Dodds, was born in I770, near the village of Kelso, on the banks of the River Tweed, Scotland, and at the age of twenty-four years was married to Jane Wilson, who bore him five children: Katherine, Margaret, Andrew, John and Alexander. Shortly after their marriage they began to make plans to emigrate to the land of promise across the water, but Mr. Dodds was for six months a mere farm laborer at about twenty-five dollars per month, a salary hardly conducive to great saving, and it was not until the spring of i833 that enough money was accumulated for the family to make the voyage. After a six weeks' journey on a sailing vessel they arrived, in May, in St. Lawrence county, New York, and purchased a farm two and one-half miles from the village of Gouverneur. They lived to see all their children settled on good farms, the mother passing away in October, I857, and the father in January, 1864. About the year 1835 another family left Berwick, Scotland, for this country by the name of Witherston, and, getting lost on the voyage, were thirteen weeks on the high seas before sighting a vessel from which to get their bearings. They also settled in St. Lawrence county, New York, and one of the daughters, Jeanette, married the son, John Dodds, and with him took possession of the old homestead. To them were born three children: Jane Elizabeth, Alexander and William Atkin. Alexander Dodds, of Grand Rapids, was given a good common school education in his boyhood, and was twenty-one years of age, or nearly so, when he started to work at the trade of machinist. In February, I867, he was converted, but could not conceive the teachings of the Bible as taught by the church of his fathers, the Scotch Presbyterian, and accordingly became a Baptist and united with that faith to do Christian work. He came to Lansing, Michigan, in December, 1867, in company with L. L. Houghton, who commenced the manufacture of wood1759

Page  1760 1760 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN working machinery at that place, and while a resident there was raised to the sublime degree of Master Mason. Mr. Dodds came to Grand Rapids in May, 1878, and went to work for the Buss Machine Works, and at this time united with the Fountain Street Baptist church and remained with that organization until 1883, when, with a number of others, he formed the Second Baptist church. He was interested with them in the Sixth Ward Baptist Mission school, and, it proving a success, it was thought best that a church should be organized there, and with twenty-five from the Second Baptist church, and a few others, Scribner Street church was organized and he was elected one of the deacons. He is also a teacher in the Sunday school of the adult Bible class, of which there are more than thirty members present every Sabbath, and is ex-president of the Baptist Mission society. On March 3, 1882, Mr. Dodds purchased a half interest in a machine shop at the corner of Front and Pearl streets, on the second floor, owned by the late Charles A. Whittemore, and on May 9th of the following year he bought the remaining half interest. The year 1883 did not prove a very successful one, for in June came the great freshet, which will be remembered as the time when the logs went out, taking Pearl street bridge on a trip down the river. This caused a delay for lack of power for six weeks, as the shop was operated by water power, and, coming at a time when money was scarce, proved detrimental to successful business. On July 9, 1884, in order to get on the ground floor and thus to secure better power, Mr. Dodds moved into what was then known as the G. W. Dean building, located on the east side of Canal street, opposite the Berkey & Gay Furniture Co. Things moved along very nicely until March I6, 1887, when about thirty feet of embankment between Canal street and the river gave away, washing in through under the shop building and allowing it to all cave in. Nothing daunted, Mr. Dodds at once began to get his machinery out of the wreck and to find a place to set it up in operation again. During the day he had some business to dispose of at the Grand Rapids Savings Bank, then situated on Pearl street, and at the bank had a conversation with the late C. G. Swensberg concerning what had occurred. At the time Mr. Swensberg made the remark: "Well, Dodds, anything that I can do for you or that this little bank can do we are ready to do." Mr. Dodds thanked him for his kindness, but nothing more was said at the time, and the next morning, while Mr. Dodds was working at getting out the machinery, F. A. Hall, then cashier of the bank, came to him and said that he did not know as he had understood what Mr. Swensberg had said the day before, but that they wished him to know that he could have all the money he needed to get started. Although he did not expect to need any help, this circumstance gave Mr. Dodds more courage and confidence than any one thing that had happened. During that day Julius Berkey kindly offered to rent him a part of the George VW. Gay building, where he was manufacturing tripods at that time, and after moving there, getting fairly started, and seeing that the tripod business was growing, he knew he would have to seek other quarters. Deciding that No. 43 South Front street offered favoring advantages, he leased the ground from the late J. W. Converse and commenced the erection of a one-story building, 28x60 feet in dimensions, into which he moved on May 3rd. The demand for the machinery manufactured by Mr. Dodds had increased to such an extent by the spring of I892 that it was apparent that more room was needed, and October 19, 1892, Mr. Dodds succeeded in concluding negotiations with Wilder D. Stevens for that part of the Dean property on which was located the building, 26x94 feet, four stories in height, and including water power equipment. After expending over

Page  1761 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1761 $I,ooo on the building, Mr. Dodds moved into it, feeling that he was now situated comfortably, with machinery, premises and accommodations in first-class order. Business continued to prosper until June, 1893, when it seemed as though everyone who was indebted to the firm had concluded to make an assignment under the pressure of the hard times of that period, but through his capable management and excellent financial ability, Mr. Dodds managed to weather the storm, discounting his commercial paper when due and paying his employes every Saturday night. As business revived and public confidence was restored, the manufacture of special machinery prospered. Orders increased to such an extent eventually that more room became necessary, and in 1907 the fine four-story brick building at No. 181 Canal street was built over the canal. This enabled Mr. Dodds to double his capacity and add to his equipment and output. In I909 the business was merged into a corporation, and since December I, I909, the business has been conducted under the style of the Alexander Dodds Company. Much of the success of the business has been due to several patents obtained, of which Mr. Dodds invented all except the morticing and boring machine. The first one was procured June 6, 1885, on a wood lathe; another December 31, I889, on a rubbing machine; and still another April; 22, 1890, on an automatic carving machine. Mr. Dodds in June, I887, patented and invented a dovetailer for making furniture boxes. Some of these, especially Dodds' new gear dovetailing machine, used for dovetailing furniture drawers, and which has made him a fortune, are used in every part of the United States where furniture is manufactured and in numerous foreign countries. The patent for the dovetailing machine was secured June 14, 1887. At this time Mr. Dodds occupies offices at Nos. 451-53 Monroe avenue, Northwest. On November 10, I888, Mr. Dodds was married to Mrs. A. J. DeLamarter. Mr. and Mrs. Dodds reside in their own home at No. 325 Benjamin avenue. Mr. Dodds is a member of the Association of Commerce. He is a Republican in politics, but his business affairs have demanded his undivided attention and he has found no time for the activities of the political arena. In December, 1894, he became a member of Columbian Chapter No. 132, R. A. M.; in February, I895, became a member of DeMolai Commandery No. 5, K. T., and has since taken the Scottish Rite degrees up to and including the thirty-second degree. In connection with a biographical sketch of Mr. Dodds, the following editorial appeared in the Michigan Tradesman, of December 8, I909, to which article credit is herewith given for much of the matter that appears in this sketch: "We laud and celebrate the individual who has achieved extraordinary merit in art, letters, military renown, statesmanship, and fame worldwide rests on such distinctions. Men also become famous in law, jurisprudence, medicine and, scientific study and demonstration. Yet all such masters in their several spheres do no more, often not as much, for the well-being of mankind as the ingenious and untiring mechanics who discover something and make it conduce to the benefit of an industry that is the foundation on which rest the stability, livelihood and happiness of many thousands of people. Peace hath its victories no less renowned than war, and no victors are more deserving of acclaim among the chieftains of peace than those who invent something that adds to productive power and successfully apply it to general use. The man who evolves from the fertile mind a contrivance whereby a utility can be developed so as to greatly enlarge capacity to produce useful things and at the same time give permanent employment to thousands who

Page  1762 1762 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN would otherwise have to struggle for a meager and squalid existence, has done more for community or state than a general, or legislator, or judge, or any other celebrity whose name figures among the galaxy of notables in ordinary historical annals. The foundation of society and state is in the productive industries, for they are the means whereby the population pursues an orderly and prosperous life. In the absence of war and consequent destruction of human life there is a growth of population. Productive capacity must keep pace with this increase of human units or the peoples will lapse into a horde of vagrants, becoming savage, gregarious, degraded and, like hungry, predatory animals, devouring their fellows weaker than themselves. For this reason no one confers a greater benefit upon the country than he who contributes to the enlargement of productive capacity. Not to everyone is given the privilege of adding something of value to the commerce of this world. Those who do enjoy this privilege have not lived their lives in vain and their greatest satisfaction should be the knowledge that their efforts have been of a practical, material benefit to all mankind." THOMAS J. RAMSDELL. The first distinction to be noticed in the career of Thomas J. Ramsdell is that he was the pioneer lawyer in Michigan north of the Grand River, and for more than half a century his name has been closely linked with both the professional and the industrial interests of the city of Manistee, where he now resides in, his eighty-third year. If success consists in a steady betterment of one's material conditions and an increase of one's ability to render service to others, Thomas J. Ramsdell deserves mention as one of the exceptionally successful men of this state. He was born in Wayne county, Michigan, in 1832, a son of Gannet Ramsdell, who was born in the state of New York in I802, and came to Michigan during the twenties, a number of years prior to the admission of the state to the Union. As a pioneer he took up a tract of wild land in Wayne county, reclaimed a farm, and became an influential and prominent citizen. In the early days he owned and operated machine shops, was engaged in the buying and shipping of grain, and gauged by the standards of the locality and period was a wealthy man. His home was in Wayne county until his death. Gannet Ramsdell married and brought his wife to Wayne county, and they were the parents of four sons: Ashley, Dyer, Jonathan and Thomas J., the last being the only survivor of this family. The Ramsdell family is of Scotch lineage and was founded in America during the seventeenth century. Thomas J. Ramsdell was reared on the old homestead farm in Wayne county, and as the opportunities for gaining an education were limited he devised means to supplement his resolute purpose for a higher education. Independent and self-reliant, he did not wait for fortune to overtake him, but went in search of those things which his ambition craved. In early youth he set out for Poughkeepsie, New York, to acquire a college education. A considerable part of his journey was made on foot, and on arriving at his destination entered the law department of a college and while a student maintained himself and paid his tuition from the earnings of his individual labors. He finally completed a course and was graduated Bachelor of Laws. On his return to Michigan Mr. Ramsdell engaged in the practice of his profession at Lansing, the capital city being at that time a mere village. In 1858 Mr. Ramsdell moved to Manistee, then a lumbering town, with all the typical activities and environment of such an industrial center. He was the first lawyer to set up an office not only in Manistee but in the entire region north of Grand river. As a pioneer member of the bar and through his exceptional abil

Page  1763 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1763 ity, he soon came to control a large and representative practice, and through the medium of his profession and his judicious investments laid the foundation of a large fortune. Mr. Ramsdell retired from active professional work in I894, being at the time one of the oldest and most honored members of the bar of his native state. Since then his time and attention has been given to the supervision of his extensive and important property interests, and his estate is one of the largest in that section of Michigan of which Manistee is the metropolis. His real estate holdings include many improved business and residence properties in Manistee, and he took a leading part in the organization and is still president of the First National Bank of that city. Thomas J. Ramsdell has been a supporter of the cause of the Republican party from the time of its organization, and has been one of the dominating figures in public affairs in his section of the state. After Manistee was incorporated under a city charter he served as a member of the first board of aldermen, and also gave valuable service while a representative of the county in the state legislature. For one who began life without financial resources or influence outside of himself, he has filled the years with large and worthy achievement, and throughout his course has been governed by the highest principles of integrity and honor. No citizen has done more to further the best interests of Manistee, and he takes great pride in the city which has been his home since pioneer times. Mr. Ramsdell married Nettie L. Stanton, who was born at Lansing, Michigan, when that place was a frontier village. To their marriage were born fourteen children, eight of whom are still living. One of the sons, Dr. L. S. Ramsdell, is a leading physician and surgeon of Manistee, and another son, F. W. Ramsdell, has gained distinction in the field of art, and spent a number of years in study in Europe, and has a high reputation among American artists. ROBERT R. RAMSDELL. A son of Thomas J. Ramsdell, the pioneer lawyer of Manistee, Robert R. Ramsdell is one of the successful business men of that city, and for several years has given most of his time to the management of the large estate founded by his father. Robert R. Ramsdell was born at Manistee September 25, 1867, and in his youth attended the local schools and finished a course at the high school. Some of his younger years were spent in the west as a cattle rancher, a life that gave him varied experience and adventure. On returning to Michigan he became identified with lumbering, with Manistee as his headquarters, and his success in this field proves a fine capacity for the management of important affairs. His later years have been required almost exclusively in the management of his father's estate, which involves a number of important business enterprises. Mr. Ramsdell has given his allegiance to the Democratic party, and is one of the most progressive and public-spirited citizens of Manistee. Fraternally his affiliations are with Manistee Lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In I895 Mr. Ramsdell married Miss Zoe Harris of Chicago. Their two children, Helen E. and Louis S., are students in the public schools of Manistee. EDMUND C. SHIELDS. One of the most forceful figures in Democratic politics in his state, Edmund C. Shields, has risen to his present position as chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee solely through merit. A man, of vast legal learning, with a broad and comprehensive knowledge and understanding of men and affairs, he has on numerous

Page  1764 1764 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN occasions demonstrated his executive ability and organizing powers, and these, combined with a capacity to recognize and readily grasp opportunities, an energetic and courageous nature, and an attractive personality, make his services of inestimable value to his party. Mr. Shields has the distinction of being a native son of Michigan, having been born at Howell, Livingston county, December 30, I87I. His grandfather, John Shields, was born in Ireland, and was a pioneer of Wayne county, Michigan, during the early 'thirties. About the year I840 he removed his family to Livingston county, and there settled on a farm, where he continued to carry on agricultural pursuits for many years, and at the time of his retirement from active labor located at Fowlerville, where his death occurred. Dennis Shields, the father of Edmund C. Shields, was one of Michigan's pioneers and best known legists. He was born at Dearborn, Wayne county, Michigan, September 19, 1836, and received his early education in the primitive common schools of Unadilla, subsequently spending one term in the schools of Ypsilanti. He read law under the preceptorship of Judge H. H. Harmon and Marcus Wilcox, of Howell, and was admitted to the bar in 1862, entering the practice of law in that same year and continuing therein until his death in 1898. He was a man of many attainments, and for years was a familiar figure in the courts of Michigan, where his connection with numerous important cases of jurisprudence brought him prominently and favorably before the public. At one time he was the partner of Judge Person, who is now the senior member of the legal firm of which his son, Edmund C. Shields, is now a member. Dennis Shields married Miss Lydia Lonergan, a native of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, and she died in January, I9I0. Edmund C. Shields attended the graded and high schools of Howell, being graduated from the latter in June, I889. He subsequently became a student in the literary department of the University of Michigan, where he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in I1894, and then took the legal course in the same institution, being graduated with his law degree in I896. During his college career Mr. Shields was prominent in athletics, being a baseball and football hero, and was one of the organizers of the Board of Control of Athletics at the university, which has since developed into a decided factor in keeping college athletics clean and sportsmanlike. Upon his admission to the bar, in I896, Mr. Shields became associated in practice with his father, but at the end of two years formed a partnership with his brother, Francis J. Shields, at Howell, this connection continuing until August i, I9I3, when he came to Lansing to enter the law firm of Person, Shields & Silsbee. This is now accounted one of the most formidable legal combinations in the state. It was but natural that a man of Mr. Shields' abilities and energetic nature should enter the strenuous field of politics. Allying himself with the forces of Democracy, he was elected prosecuting attorney of Livingston county by that party in 900oo, and succeeded himself in that office in 1902, serving in all four years. Here his talents were given full play, and in I909, in order to fill a vacancy the leaders of his party chose him as leader of the State Central Committee. In I9I0, at the state convention, held at Kalamazoo, he was elected unanimously to that position, and again in I912 was chosen unanimously to succeed himself. As the leader of his party in the state he has shown himself possessed of every trait of leadership, and the success of Democracy in Michigan may in large part be accredited directly to his sterling efforts. In June, 19I3, he was honored by appointment of Governor Ferris to membership on the committee chosen to recompile and codify the state statutes. While a resident of Howell, Mr. Shields rendered signal services as a member of the city

Page  1765 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1765 council and the school board. He was a delegate at large to the National Democratic convention, held at Baltimore in I912, where with his fellowdelegates he did much to advance the presidential interests of Woodrow Wilson. Mr. Shields was married to Miss Mary Foley. They have no children. ELLSWORTH S. ELLIS, M. D. In point of years of continuous practice Dr. Ellis takes precedence of virtually all other members of his profession in the city of Manistee, judicial center of the county of the same name, and he is known and honored as one of the able and representative physicians and surgeons of Michigan, where by his character and services he has lent dignity and distinction to the humane vocation to which he has devoted himself with all of zeal and with marked self-abnegation. Dr. Ellis claims the old Bay State as the place of his nativity and is a scion of a family that was founded in New England in the colonial days. He was born on the homestead farm of his father, near Huntington, Hampshire county, Massachusetts, on the 2d of October, I848, and is a son of Ebenezer S. and Betsy L. (Hancock) Ellis, both likewise natives of Massachusetts, where the former was born in I815 and the latter in 1822, their marriage having been solemnized in I845. The parents passed the closing years of their lives in the state of Massachusetts, and both entered into, eternal rest in the year I892, so that, after long and devoted companionship, in death they were not long divided. Ebenezer S. Ellis devoted his entire active career to agricultural pursuits, and his industry and good management brought to him definite independence and prosp)erity, though he was by no means a man of wealth. He was originally a Whig and later a Republican in politics, and in the climacteric period prior to the Civil War he was an ardent Abolitionist. He was a zealous member of the Congregational church, as were also his first and his second wives. He was a son of Ebenezer and Ruth (Stiles) Ellis, the former a native of Massachusetts and the latter of Connecticut, and his paternal grandfather was Samuel Ellis, who was a patriot soldier in the War of the Revolution, and two of whose brothers were killed while serving in the French and Indian war. Ruth (Stiles) Ellis was a daughter of Ashbel Stiles and she was born at Windsor, Connecticut, of which state her ancestors were very early settlers, having there established their home on coming to America from England, in I634. Ashbel Stiles likewise served in the Revolutionary War, and thus Dr. Ellis is eligible in both the paternal and maternal lines for membership in the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Ebenezer S. Ellis was twice married and he became the father of five children, all of whom are still living: Charles A., the only child of the first union, is a prosperous merchant at Pierport, Manistee county, Michigan; Laura L. is the wife of Mahlon C. Sheldon, of Southhampton, Massachusetts; Dr. Ellis, of this review, was the next in order of birth; Edward A. is a resident of Westfield, Massachusetts; and Benjamin H. is also a resident of Westfield. Dr. Ellis acquired his early education in the common schools of his native state and supplemented this by higher academic courses in Allegheny College, at Meadville, Pennsylvania. In preparation for his chosen life work he finally was matriculated in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, and in this fine institution he was graduated on the Ist of March, 1876, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. For five' years thereafter he was engaged in practice at Meadville, Pennsylvania, and for the ensuing five years he was similarly engaged at Ripley, New York. In I886 he established his home at Manistee, Michigan, and

Page  1766 1766 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN here he has since continued his able ministrations, his practice having long been large and representative and marked affection and esteem being accorded him by the many families to whom he has given timely assistance in the hours of suffering and distress. His practice is of a general order, but in later years he found special demands upon him in gynecology and obstetrics. He is known and honored throughout this section of the state, not only as a physician, but also as a man of broad human sympathy and tolerance and of invincible integrity in all the relations of life. He is one of the most valued members of the Manistee County Medical Society, of which he is president in 1914, and he is identified also with the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. During his long years of exacting professional work he has not permitted himself to flag in study and investigation, and he thus keeps abreast of the advances made in medical and surgical science. Dr. Ellis is liberal and loyal as a citizen and while he has had no desire for political preferment he is found aligned as a stalwart supporter of the principles of the Democratic party. Both he and his wife are communicants of the Catholic church and he is affiliated with the Knights of Columbus. On the ist of January, 1874, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Ellis to Miss Mary E. Clapp, who was born and reared in Massachusetts, and they have four children: Ellsworth S., Jr., is a resident of the city of Grand Rapids, where he is in the employ of the John S. Noel Company; Fidelia is the wife of John F. Bailey, manager of the New Royal Theater, in Manistee; Frederick has charge of the offices of an iron company at Elk Rapids, Michigan; and Theodore R. is employed in Chicago, by the Germania Fire Insurance Company. WILBUR E. WARR, editor and manager of the Daily News, at Ludington, has been a resident of this city only since 1912, but there is probably no better known newspaper man in Northwestern Michigan at this time. Connected with journalistic work since his sixteenth year, his labors have carried him to various parts of the United States, and his fine talents have received recognition in diversified fields of his chosen profession. Mr. Warr is a native of Louisville, Kentucky, and was born March 26, I88o, a son of John W. and Harriet M. (Smith) Warr, natives of Ohio, the former born in 1846 and the latter in i850, and now residents of Gardena, California. John W. Warr was a graduate of an Ohio college, and early in life took up educational work, becoming a college professor and subsequently one of the owners of Bryant & Stratton's Business College. For many years he was engaged in editorial work and as a writer for the leading magazines and periodicals, and although he is now living a somewhat retired life frequent articles still come from his prolific pen. There were five children in the family: Percy B., who is the proprietor of a retail merchandise store at Kansas City, Missouri; Bertha M., who is single; Wilbur E.; Archie J., a bookkeeper of Avery, Iowa; and E. N., manager of a foundry and machine shop at San Pedro, California. Mrs. Warr is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Wilbur E. Warr received his early education in the public schools of Louisville, and at the age of sixteen years graduated from the Moline (Illinois) high school. Inheriting his father's predilection for literary work, he secured employment at that time in a newspaper office, and subsequently became a reporter for a Moline newspaper, remaining at that prominent manufacturing city for about six years. Following this, he went to Metropolis, Illinois, where he became the proprietor of a weekly publication, but after four years disposed of his interests to take up

Page  1767 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1767 special work for Chicago and St. Louis papers. While thus engaged he was sent to Kentucky during the noted Night Rider troubles, during which he had some thrilling experiences, and his reports of the incidents there were printed in leading papers throughout the Middle West. Upon his return he went to Chicago, where he accepted the editorship of a paper, but soon removed to Janesville, Wisconsin, where he was editor and manager of the Morning Recorder, severing his connection therewith to come to Ludington, in I912, to accept the position of editor of the Daily News. Since that time he has also been made manager, and under his direction the sheet is building up a large circulation, having more than doubled its list of subscribers within six months' time. Aside from his duties with this newspaper, Mr. Warr has done a great deal of special writing under the nom de plume of "Bob Linnett." Mr. Warr was married in I9oo to Miss Pearl N. Giles, of Moline, Illinois. They are consistent members of the Episcopal church, and Mr. ~Warr affiliates fraternally with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias. Politically a Democrat, he has taken a keen interest in the success of his party, which he has aided through the medium of his newspaper as a molder of public opinion. He takes a prominent part in the councils of his party here, and has served as secretary of the county commissioners. Although a very busy man, he is easily approached, and his friends are legion wherever he is known. REV. EDWARD A. CALDWELL, who has recently become pastor of St. Mary's Catholic Church, Saginaw, Michigan, has labored zealously in the priesthood for more than a quarter of a century. He was born April 7, I86I, in the city of Detroit, a son of Thomas and Margaret (McDonald) Caldwell, who were married at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and are both now deceased. The parents of Father Caldwell were in modest circumstances, but were honest, reliable, God-fearing people and devout members of the Roman Catholic church. In their family there were six sons and one daughter, the latter dying October 15, I913. When still a lad, attending the parochial schools of Saginaw, Father Caldwell decided upon devoting his life to the priesthood, although none of his brothers engaged in religious work. He prosecuted his studies in Assumption College, Sandwich, Ontario, Canada, and in 1887 was graduated from the American College of Louvain, Belgium. Upon being ordained his first charge was St. Patrick's Church, at Grand Haven, Michigan, where he spent three years, then going to St. Mary's Church at Big Rapids, where five years were spent, following which he was in charge of St. Mary's Church at Sheboygan for five years, and then was sent to St. Mary's Church, Bay City, where he continued as priest thirteen years. At the last-named place, Father Caldwell accomplished possibly his greatest work. St. Mary's Church of West Bay City was founded in November, 1873, when the building now used as a schoolhouse was dedicated as a church. The erection of the present house of worship was begun in the latter part'of MAay, I88i, and was dedicated November 3oth of that year by the Rt. Rev. Casper H. Borgess, Bishop of the Diocese of Detroit, and completed as the fourth church of the diocese in 1883. A very large share of the credit for the erection of this church is due to the untiring and zealous efforts of Father Schutjes. The parish was set off from Bay City in I873, and the first pastor was Rev. M. G. Cantors, who was succeeded by Father Schutjes in the summer of I880, and on March I, I888, Rev. John Sanson became assistant pastor, a capacity in which he acted until Father Schutjes returned to Europe when the former became pastor. H-is successor was Father Schrembs, who served.eleven years, and was succeeded in October, I9oo, by the Rev. Edward A. Caldwell,

Page  1768 1768 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN with Rev. Anthony O. Bosler as assistant pastor, the latter now being pastor. In 1887 the school was founded by the Catholic Sisters, the old church building being remodeled for school purposes, and it now has 400 pupils, with eight grades, four high school grades and a commercial course, and is placed with the accredited schools of the state. The congregation consists of 350 families, or about 1,600 persons. On October 27, I913, Father Caldwell bid farewell to those with whom he had labored so long, having been appointed pastor of St. Mary's Church at Saginaw, by Bishop Richter, to fill' the vacancy caused by the death of the late Father Dalton. In his new field of labor Father Caldwell will no doubt continue to make his activities a most potent element in the growth and upbuilding of Catholicism. He is a man of congenial disposition, broad and charitable in his views, with a smile and pleasant word for everyone. In his wide circle of friends, he has probably as many Protestant admirers as those of his own faith, while among those with whom he has worked he is greatly beloved. One of his chief characteristics may be said to be his fondness for a good clean joke, and in his rare moments of leisure enjoys a spell of story and anecdote. A learned and able man, he commands the respect of people of all denominations, and his influence has worked for righteousness in whatever locality he has labored. HON. CHARLES SUMNER PIERCE. The official career of Hon. Charles Sumner Pierce, state superintendent of buildings and grounds, of Lansing, has covered a period of more than twenty years, and his record has been characterized by excellent public services and loyal and conscientious devotion to the best interest of his state. Mr. Pierce is a native of Michigan, born on his father's farm in Redford township, Wayne county, June I2, I858, and is a son of the late Hon. Onesimous 0. Pierce, who was a pioneer of Wayne county. He was born in St. Lawrence county, New York, in I809, and came to Michigan in I837, the same year that the state was admitted to the Union. Mr. Pierce became a farmer in Redford township, accumulated a valuable property through industry and able business management, and was a prominent man in his community and was frequently elected to township offices within the gift of his appreciative fellow-citizens. The mother of Charles Sumner Pierce bore the maiden name of Catherine Blue and was born in Oneida county, New York, in I8i8, from whence she accompanied her parents to Wayne county, Michigan in 1836, when this was still a territory. She was here married to Mr. Pierce, who died in I872, and she survived until I893. Charles Sumner Pierce was reared on the home farm and secured his primary education in the district schools. Later he entered the state normal school at Ypsilanti, and after taking the Latin and German courses was graduated in 1882. At that time Mr. Pierce adopted the vocation of educator, and in 1883 became principal of the schools of Au Sable, continuing at the head of those schools for two years. During this time he purchased the Au Sable and Osceola News, which he first rechristened The Saturday Night and later The Press, and published the latter until I900. In 1884 Mr. Pierce had commenced the study of law, and in I885 entered the law department of the University of Michigan, where he was graduated with the class of 1887, receiving his degree of Bachelor of Laws. Soon thereafter he was admitted to the bar and began the practice of his profession at Oscoda, Michigan, in I888, and in the following year was elected attorney for that village, an office which he held until I891. He was commissioner of schools of losco county during I891 and 1892, and in the latter year was elected to represent the Twenty-eighth District as a member of the Michigan State Senate, in which distinguished

Page  1769 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1769 body he served one term. In 1897 Mr. Pierce was chosen secretary of the Senate, serving in that capacity during the sessions of I897, 1898, 1899 and 1900, and in January, 90oI, his ability was recognized by his appointment as deputy secretary of state, serving as such until January, 1906. While an incumbent of that office, Mr. Pierce was granted a leave of absence to accept the position of clerk of the House of Representatives, for the session of 1903, and again, under the same circumstances, served as clerk of the House during the session of 1905. Two years later he occupied the same office, and July I, 1907, was appointed state game, fish and forestry warden, an office which he held for four years, or until July I, 1911. The special session of the legislature held in 1911 saw Mr. Pierce again chosen as clerk of the House, and two years later he was again honored by that office. In May, I913, came Mr. Pierce's appointment as superintendent of buildings and grounds at the state capitol, a position which he has continued to hold. Mr. Pierce's official life has been one of intense activity, in which he has displayed executive and administrative talents of a high order. He is widely known in political circles of the state, and has the friendship of men of all parties who have appreciated his steadfast honesty and devotion to high principles. Mr. Pierce has been twice married. In 1889 he was united with Miss Frances Barnard, of Detroit, who died in I900, leaving the following children: Barnard, a senior at the University of Michigan, where he is taking the law and literary courses; Virginia, a member of the sophomore class at that institution; and Kenneth, who is attending the Lansing High school. In 1907 Mr. Pierce was married to Miss Charlotte E. Kennedy, of Grand Marais, Michigan, and they have one son-Charles Sumner, Jr. WILLIAM P. KAVANAUGH. It is no inconsiderable attainment to start a poor boy of sixteen and by years of consecutive endeavor build up a large industry in the fish business, to become president of a bank, and officially connected with several other well known concerns. That is a concise account of Mr. Kavanaugh's present position in the business life at Bay City. What he has he owes to the talents, the energies and the business qualities of his own character. Born near Guelph, Ontario, Canada, December 25, I872, William P. Kavanaugh is a son of Peter and Mary (Kelly) Kavanaugh. His father was born in Ireland, came to Canada early in the fifties, followed the trade of saddler and died about I877. The mother, who was born in Canada, and who had five children; of whom William was the third, after her husband's death moved to Bay City, where she died in I889 at the age of forty. The son was five years of age, when he lost his father, and from the time he was sixteen he was out in the world on his own resources. In the meantime the public schools of Bay City had given him a fair foundation of learning, and after leaving school he found employment in the fishing industry, which is one of the large and important activities in this section. From a very humble start, he developed a business in which a large force of men are now employed, and he has a trade which is the largest in live fish, and at the same time employs much capital and many hands in the freezing, salting and smoking of fish. His success in one industry has naturally led him to connection with various other enterprises. His headquarters in the fish business are at Essexville, and he was one of the founders of the State Savings Bank of Essexville, and now its president. This bank is under State supervision and is owned by local people. In August, I913, its resources were over sixty thousand dollars, the capital stock being twenty thousand,

Page  1770 1770 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and its deposits over forty thousand. Mr. Kavanaugh is also director and treasurer of the Royal Coal Company. A Democrat in politics, he is at this writing a member of the board of estimates, and for the past eight years has taken an active part in civic affairs. His fraternal affiliations are with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Columbus. He belongs to the Catholic church, is a member of the Country Club and the Board of Commerce. At Bay City on October 5, I904, occurred his marriage to Miss Nellie Callahan, who was born in Bay City, a daughter of Dennis Callahan, one of the old settlers of that locality. They have four children, Helen Kavanaugh, William Patrick, Jr., Margaret Kavanaugh, and John Virgil Kavanaugh. The Kavanaugh home is at 242 N. Madison Street in Bay City. WILLIAM H. GAY. The precedence of the city of Grand Rapids as an industrial and commercial center has been signally fostered through the extensive operations of the extensive manufacturing enterprise of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, which is recognized as the largest and most important of the corporations that have made Grand Rapids a world center for the manufacturing of furniture. The products of the great plant of this company comprise general lines of high-grade furniture and its trade extends into the most diverse sections of the civilized world, with specially wide ramifications, as may be supposed, throughout the United States and the Canadian provinces. He whose name initiates this paragraph is known and honored as one of the most enterprising and progressive business men and most liberal and loyal citizens of Michigan's beautiful "Valley City," and he has done much to further the civic and material advancement of his native city and state. He is president of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company and is a scion of a family whose name has been long and conspicuously identified with large and important business activities in Grand Rapids. Mr. Gay was born in Grand Rapids on the 3oth of May, I863, and is a son of George W. and Helen (Hovey) Gay, the former of whom was born in Washington county, New York, in I837, and the latter of whom was born in the city of Boston, Massachusetts, in I835. The father passed from the scene of life's mortal endeavors on the I3th of September, I899, his devoted wife having been summoned to eternal; rest in April of the preceding year. George W. Gay came to Michigan in the year I859 and forthwith established his residence in the small but promising village of Grand Rapids, which was at that time known principally as a center of lumbering operations. He engaged in the hardware business as one of the pioneer merchants of the city, but about two years later he turned his attention to the manufacturing of furniture. This work of founding a great industrial enterprise was accomplished in the year I863, when he became associated with William A. and Julius Berkey, under the firm name of Berkey Brothers & Company. From a modest inception was built up an industry that is now one of the largest and most important of its kind in the world, and it is fortunate that the names of the founders of the business are still retained in the corporate title under which the enterprise is conducted, for this is given enduring recognition of men who played a large part in the industrial and general development and upbuilding of the second city of Michigan. With the passing of the years the manufacturing business of the firm expanded rapidly in scope and importance, and in I873, as a matter of commercial and financial expediency, the concern was incorporated under the title of the Berkey & Gay Furinture Company, which has been retained during the long intervening years, the extensive operations of the company being based on a capital stock of $900,000 at the present time.

Page  [unnumbered] GEORGE W. GAY

Page  [unnumbered]

Page  1771 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1771 In Grand Rapids the year I86I bore record of the marriage of George W. Gay to Miss Helen Hovey, who was a representative of one of the sterling pioneer families of Michigan, her father, William Hovey, who was born in Massachusetts and who had been a prominent architect and contractor in the city of Boston, having come to Michigan in I857. Mr. Hovey built up a successful contracting business in Grand Rapids, but he soon became one of the influential figures in the development of the fine gypsum mines which were destined to make "Grand Rapids plaster" a famous commercial product, and in this field of enterprise he was the valued representative of a number of substantial Eastern capitalists. Mr. Hovey passed the remainder of his life in Grand Rapids, and his name merits enduring place on the roster of those who aided in the early development of the city's industrial activities. George W. Gay, who began his independent career as a youth with no special financial resources, achieved large and worthy success as one of the world's productive workers, and he was long numbered among the representative men of affairs in Grand Rapids, even as he was a citizen imbued with utmost loyalty and public spirit. His father, Joel. Gay, was a native of Massachusetts, but became a farmer in the state of New York, where he took up his residence in an early day and where he continued to reside until his death. George W. Gay was a stalwart and well-fortified advocate of the principles of the Republican party and, while he had no definite ambition for political preferment, his sense of civic duty caused him to consent to serve in various municipal offices in Grand Rapids, including that of member of the board of aldermen and that of member of the board of police and fire commissioners. Both he and his wife were most zealous members of the Fountain Street Baptist church of Grand Rapids, and in the same he held the office of deacon for a number of years. He was a man of noble character and much business ability, and his name shall be held in lasting honor in the city in which he long lived and labored and to the advancement of which he contributed in most generous measure. Of the two children surviving him, the elder is William H., of this review, who has proved his worthy successor in the direction of the affairs of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, and the younger is Gertrude Gay Carman, who is the wife of Charles W. Carman, her husband having been for a number of years a valued member of the faculty of the celebrated Lewis Institute, in the city of Chicago, and being now a representative farmer of Kent county. William H. Gay attended the public schools of Grand Rapids until he had completed the curriculum of the high school. His health was somewhat delicate at this stage of his career, and in order to obtain the fullest amount of fresh air and a quota of incidental physical exercise he sought outdoor work. After being thus engaged for a time, he entered the factory of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, and with this great establishment he has literally grown up, his experience having been such as to familiarize him with all details of the business of which he is now the able executive head. Besides holding preferment as president of the company, he is also the general manager of the business, and his regime in this capacity has shown by results his distinctive administrative capacity and progressive policies. Mr. Gay has other important capitalistic interests than those represented in the great corporation of which he is president. He is a director of each of the following named and representative financial institutions of Grand Rapids: The Fourth National Bank, the Commercial Savings Bank, the People's Savings Bank, and the Michigan Trust Company, besides which he is a stockholder in other financial and industrial corporations. He devotes the greater part of his time and attention to his executive responsibilities

Page  1772 1772 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN as president and general manager of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, and is ever found ready to lend his influence and co-operation in the furtherance of movements and enterprises projected for the civic and material advancement of his native city, where his circle of friends is limited only by that of his acquaintances. In politics Mr. Gay is aligned as a staunch supporter of the cause of the Republican party, but he has had no desire for the honors or emoluments of public office. He holds membership in the Baptist church, and.Mrs. Gay is a member of the Congregational church. They are prominent in the representative social activities of Grand Rapids, and their beautiful home is known for its gracious hospitality. In the year I888 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Gay to Miss Netta Cole, daughter of the late Edwin Cole, who was long a representative shoe merchant of Grand Rapids. in which city Mrs. Gay was born and reared. JULIUS ERASTUS THATCHER. Manager of the Thatcher Real Estate Exchange, with offices in the Chamber of Commerce building at Detroit, Julius E. Thatcher is a native of Michigan. He was born at Pontiac, Oakland county, May 27, I859, son of Erastus and Fanny Elizabeth' (Richardson) Thatcher. Grandfather Asa Thatcher, a native of Connecticut, was a soldier in Washington's army during the Revolutionary war. Julius E. Thatcher is one of the few men still living who had grandfathers as revolutionary soldiers and is probably the only member of the Michigan Chapter of the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution so distinguished. The Thatchers have a long and interesting genealogy. The first of the name was Rev. Thomas Thatcher, founder and first pastor of the Old South church in Boston, one of the shrines of American patriotism. Coming from England to America as early as I635, and residing for a time in the Plymouth colony of Massachusetts and subsequently moving to Boston, Rev. Thomas Thatcher performed his first ceremony service as a minister in what was known as the old Cedar Meetinghouse, on the site of which was subsequently erected Old South church, an institution that had peculiar relations with the events of colonial and revolutionary history. Erastus Thatcher, father of the Detroit business man, was born at North Bennington, Vermont, October 30, I825, and died in Washington, D. C., December 25, 1898. In the early fifties coming to Michigan and locating at Pontiac, his learning and ability quickly made him a man of prominence. He had been educated in Amherst College, was a lawyer by profession and training, served as first mayor of Pontiac, and practiced law in that city until a short time before the Civil war, when his interests were transferred to Saginaw, where as a merchant his success was as great as had been his work in the law. In 1876 occurred his removal to Washington, D. C., and at the time of his death he was serving as editor of the Washington Law Reporter. A man of versatile talents and abilities, his success in each field of endeavor was clear-cut, and his associates regarded him as a leader and an authority. Fanny Elizabeth Richardson, to whom he was married in Pontiac, was a native of New York state, of Quaker stock, daughter of Peter Richardson, who became a pioneer farmer of Oakland county in Michigan. Mrs. Erastus Thatcher died in 1895 at the age of sixty-two. After finishing his education in the Ann Arbor high school, Julius E. Thatcher in I88o entered the service of the United States Weather bureau at Washington. That service, almost like that of the army, involved much change of residence, and in I889 the department sent him to Texas, where he worked as a weather forecaster for about three years.

Page  1773 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1773 On leaving the government service Mr. Thatcher engaged in the insurance business at Trenton, New Jersey, as agency director for the New York Life Insurance Company. He was in the bond and banking business at Chicago until I9IO, at which time the Thatcher Real Estate Exchange was established in Detroit. Mr. Thatcher is the owner of some valuable improved real estate in Detroit, and is a member of the Detroit Real Estate Board and of the Detroit Board of Commerce. His wife before her marriage was Miss Maude A. Metcalf, a native of Rome, New York, and a daughter of Eliot and Mira A. (Metcalf) Metcalf. Eliot Metcalf was in the direct line of descent from the Eliot family from which is also descended Professor Charles Eliot, formerly of Harvard University. Mr. and Mrs. Thatcher have one daughter, Vera. ARTHUR ELLIOTT OWEN, M. D. Few among the younger generation of Michigan physicians have gained a more substantial reputation in the special field of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, than that which has crowned the career of Dr. Arthur Elliott Owen, of Lansing. He is a native of Michigan and a descendant of two pioneer families of the state, those of Owen and Gardutt. He was born on the family farm in Grand Blanc township, Genesee county, Michigan, October 6, I882, and is a son of William Elliott and Ella Mary (Gardutt) Owen. The Owen family is of Welsh stock, but its members have been in America for at least four generations, the Michigan settler being William Owen, who was a native of New York state and came to Michigan during the early days of the history of this commonwealth. Taking up land in Grand Blanc township, of the present site thereof, he cleared and improved a good farm, and there spent the remaining years of his long, active and useful life. The farm is still in the possession of the Owen family. William Elliott Owen was born on the old homestead, which he inherited from his father, and resided on it for a number of years, but subsequently removed to the village of Grand Blanc, although he continued to superintend the operations on the home place. In I894 Mr. Owen left Grand Blanc and went to the city of Detroit, and there has continued to reside to the present time. Ella Mary Gardutt, the mother of Doctor Owen, was born at Drayton Plains, Michigan, a daughter of Richard Gardutt, a Michigan pioneer, and she also survives and resides in Detroit. The primary education of Doctor Owen was secured in the village schools of Grand Blanc, and subsequently he entered the Central High school, Detroit, from which he was graduated in 1903. At that time he took up the study of medicine, and a short time later became a student in the Detroit College of Medicine, being graduated from that noted institution with the class of 1907, and the degree of Doctor of Medicine. During the following year he embarked upon the practice of his profession at Lansing, as assistant to Doctor Foster, with which well-known physician he continued two years, and then succeeded him in practice. Since that time Doctor Owen has established a professional business that extends all over Ingham county, confining himself to treatment of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. Doctor Owen has been a constant and close student of his profession, and has spent much of his time in research and investigation. In I9IO he furthered his fine training by a trip to Europe, where he took post-graduate work in the cities of London, England, and Vienna, Austria. He belongs to the Ingham County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. His finely-appointed offices are located at No. 128 West Allegan street, where he has a large medical library and the finest instruments known to the profession. Fraternally, Doctor Owen is idenVol. IV —2

Page  1774 1774 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN tified with Lansing Lodge No. 66, of the Masonic order, and Lansing Lodge, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. The Doctor is unmarried. CHARLES N. BELCHER has been a member of the Manistee County Bar during the past twelve years. The name Belcher is the old French for "Bel chere"-good company. "Bon compagnon," or goodfellow, would be another form. Chaucer has it, "For cosynage and eek for bele cheer." Kingswood, Wiltshire, England, has been the seat of the Belcher family for centuries. The family coat of arms is Poly of six or (gold) and gules (red) a chief vair. The family crest was a greyhound's head erased (i. e. not "couped" or cut off, but torn off) ermine. The motto, "Loyal au Mort"-Loyal even to death. The Belcher family in America is traced directly back to one of the family who came to the colonies on the Mayflower. Later one of the family became Governor of New Jersey, and another of New Hampshire. Elisha Belcher, the grandfather of Charles N. Belcher, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, in I8Io, and in I826 came to Michigan. He became a lawyer of exceptional ability and for a number of years served on the bench, dying in Kalamazoo, Michigan, in 1852. C. M. Belcher, father of Charles N. Belcher, was born at Kalamazoo in I839. He was a member of Co. I, First Michigan Cavalry, during the Civil War, the last thirteen months of which he was confined in Andersonville, Libby and other southern prisons. He was married in I868 to Nellie Norton, who was born at Cooper, Michigan, in I843, her parents having come to Michigan from Connecticut. Mr. Belcher was engaged in the cattle business in south-western Kansas for a number of years. He now resides at Manistee. Charles N. Belcher was born at Otsego, Michigan, in 1876. He received the degree of A. B. in I898 from Kansas University, and M. A. from the same institution in I899. He graduated from the Law School at the University of Michigan in I90o. He was married to Elizabeth May Vickers of Paola, Kansas, January I, I903. Mrs. Belcher secured her degree of A. B. from the University of Kansas in I899, and M. A. from the University of Michigan in I902. She is prominent in club work in Manistee. Mr. and Mrs. Belcher have two daughters, Helen aged eight years, and Hazel, aged six years. Mr. Belcher has offices in the First National Bank Building. While his practice is general, he has specialized in commercial and real estate law. He is a Republican in politics and has served as prosecuting attorney of Manistee County, as United States commissioner, and as a member of the School Board of Manistee city schools, of which he was secretary for five years. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, being Past Exalted Ruler of B. P. O. E. No. 250. DRS. W. AND C. M. RYNO. It is not unusual to find the members of a family showing a predilection for the same line of business or profession, the son inheriting from the father the qualities which have made for success in a chosen field. Particularly is this true in the science of medicine, and an illustration in point may be found in the persons of Drs. Wakeman and Corydon Mott Ryno, father and.son, of Benton Harbor, who are numbered among the most prominent physicians of Southwestern Michigan. The Ryno family is accounted one of the pioneer organizations of Berrien county, where the founder was a worthy citizen, and the two succeeding generations have proven themselves worthy to bear the name of

Page  1775 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1775 the Michigan pioneer, John Boice Ryno. That stalwart early settler was born at Ovid, Seneca county, New York, April 2, 1821, and was a son of John Stites Ryno, a native of Westfield, New Jersey. He removed from Jersey to Seneca county, New York, and died there in I825. John Boice Ryno married at Trumanburg, New York, Sabra Garrett, who was born at that place. Losing his father at the age of four years, John B. Ryno acquired only a common school education in the schools of Seneca county, and when a youth of seventeen years began an apprenticeship to the trade of blacksmith. In 1851, seeking a new field for his activities, he came to the West, securing some wild land in Hagar township, Berrien county, where his family joined him in 1856. In 1859 Mr. Ryno traded his wild land for an improved farm near Coloma, in Watervliet township and removed thereto, and there carried on blacksmithing and farming until I86o, when, after losing an eye he gave up his trade and concentrated his entire energies upon the pursuits of the soil, and continued to, be so engaged until the time of his death, April I8, I900, Mrs. Ryno having died in I889. He was originally a Whig in his political views, and subsequently became a Lincoln Republican, giving his support to that party during the remainder of his life, although he was not an office seeker, he always took a good and public-spirited citizen's interest in affairs of a political character. Dr. Wakeman Ryno, son of John Boice Ryno, was born at Lodi, Seneca county, New York, June 9, 1849. He received his literary education in the common schools at Coloma, and subsequently attended the Trumanburg (New York) Academy. He was a lad of seven years when he accompanied his parents to Michigan, and here he grew up amid rural surroundings, but was not satisfied to remain a farmer, and with the intention of entering upon a professional career took up the study of medicine. He was graduated from the medical department of the University of Michigan with the class of 1872, and received the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and two years later took post-graduate work at Bellevue Hospital, New York City. In 1872 he entered upon the practice of his profession, at Coloma, where he remained in the enjoyment of a successful patronage until I89I, and in that year came to Benton Harbor, where he has since continued. The doctor was one of the organizers of the Berrien County Medical Society in 1873; member of the State Medical Society, I886, and the American Medical Association, 1886; Michigan Cremation Society, 1887; also a member of the F. A. M., K. T. and S. A. R. He is the author of "Amen," an astro-theological work, I9I0; and "The Ryno Family," now ready for the press. In 1875 Doctor Ryno was married at Kalamazoo, Michigan, to Miss Hannah Jane Rosa, who was born in Hagar township, Berrien county, Michigan, daughter of Wallace Rosa, a pioneer of that township. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Mr. Rosa enlisted in a Michigan regiment of volunteers, as did his three brothers, but while they all returned safely home at the end of their periods of enlistment, Mr. Rosa died as a prisoner of war in the horrible Andersonville stockade, of starvation. Dr. Corydon Mott Ryno, son of Dr. Wakeman Ryno, was born at Coloma, Berrien county, Michigan, January 31, I876, and early gave evidence of a predilection for his father's profession. He received his early education in the public schools, and after some preparation entered Rutgers College, N. J., where he was graduated in the class of I898 with the degree of Bachelor of Sciences. He then continued his medical studies under his father's preceptorship for a short time, and then entered the medical department of Yale University, there receiving his degree of Doctor of Medicine in go90. Succeeding this, Doctor Ryno spent a year in study and travel in Europe, and in I903 returned to Benton Harbor and joined his father in practice. Doctor Ryno has also been prominent

Page  1776 1776 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN in public affairs in the city, having been elected alderman in I909. In 19Io he was elected to the mayoralty, but in I912 met with defeat, only to be re-elected to that office in I914. He is giving his city a good, clean and business-like administration, which has been characterized by progress and advancement in civic affairs. On July I6, I902, Doctor Ryno was married to Miss Ida Eder, of Chicago, and they have three children: Dorothea, Elizabeth and Jane. Doctor Ryno is a member of the Berrien County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. He belongs also to Lake Shore Lodge No. 298, F. & A. M., to Michigan Consistory of the thirty-second degree and to Saladin Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Grand Rapids, Michigan. HoN. ORVICE R. LEONARD. In business circles Mr. Leonard is best known in Detroit and through Michigan as general agent in the Lower Peninsula for the National Surety Company of New York, and is an insurance man of long and varied experience, both in this state and elsewhere. Mr. Leonard has recently completed his second term in the Michigan legislature, where his service was particularly valuable in insurance legislation and also in the investigation of the affairs of the Pere Marquette railroad system. A successful business man, he has also been honored at various times with important offices and his home has been in Detroit for more than twenty years. Orvice R. Leonard is a New Englander by birth, born at Keene, New Hampshire, September 24, 1865. His parents were Henry 0. and Harriette (Hendrick) Leonard. Henry O. Leonard was born in Vermont in 1839, the son of Oliver R. Leonard, a native of that state and a descendant of an old New England family. Henry O. Leonard was for four and a half years in the service of the government during the Civil war, and though enlisting as a private soldier on account of his fine penmanship was detailed for clerical work in the field department. As a boy he had learned fine finish work in cabinet making and kindred lines, and that was the basis of his regular vocation all his life, being employed on the higher class of work on pianos and wagons. His career was spent in Vermont and New Hampshire until his declining years, and he now makes his home in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow and a member of the Baptist church. His wife, Harriette Hendrick, was born in New Hampshire in I836 and died in 1887. Ancestors in both the Leonard and Hendrick lines served as soldiers in the Revolutionary war and the war of 1812. Mr. Orvice R. Leonard grew up and received his educational advantages in the two New England states of Vermont and New Hampshire, attending the public schools of Keene and also of Brattleboro, Vermont, and was also a student in the Vermont Academy at Saxton's River. His business experiences began as clerk in a mercantile store, and was varied by considerable work as a piano and organ tuner. After coming to Detroit in I890 Mr. Leonard was for two years chief clerk in the office of Register of Deeds in Wayne county. This was followed by eleven years in the bond business. In I903 Mr. Leonard became resident manager in Detroit for the National Surety Company, and since I908 has served that company as general agent for the Lower Peninsular and under his management that company has a well fortified position in all parts of the state. Mr. Leonard has had an interesting military career. Back in Vermont he spent nine years in the National Guards, and after coming to Michigan was in the Michigan Naval Reserve, and during the Spanish-American war went with that notable organization on the famous cruise on board the

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Page  1777 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1 777 U. S. S. Yosemite, a ship that won unusual honors while in Cuban waters. Since locating in Detroit he has been more or less actively identified with the Republican party, and has accepted several appointments outside the usual routine of public office. In I9o6 President Roosevelt appointed him the first marshal of the United States court for China, and for several months he was located at Shanghai. President Taft, in IgIo, made him supervisor of census for the first district of Michigan. In the same year came his first election to the Michigan legislature as representative of the first district in Wayne county, and in I912 he was re-elected, his plurality the second time being nearly 3,000. During the session of 19I3 Mr. Leonard was chairman of the committee on insurance in the House, and the various important insurance measures that were considered and enacted in the law bore the impress of his thorough experience and judgment. However, his time was chiefly taken up in that session with the investigation of the Pere Marquette Railroad system. It was largely due to his efforts that the bill was passed for the organization of the Michigan Naval Reserve. Mr. Leonard is a member of the Episcopal church, affiliates with the Masonic and Odd Fellows order, and belongs to the Detroit Athletic Club and other clubs. GEORGE WHITFIELD PARKER. Prominent in railway traffic circles in Detroit, George Whitfield Parker is one of the well known and active business men and civic leaders of the Michigan metropolis, and outside of his immediate and chief business has connections with a number of the commercial and social organizations of the city. His family has been prominent in the city for a great many years, and Mr. Parker is a native son of Detroit. George Whitfield Parker was born in Detroit, May 5, I870, a son of Thomas and Helen Dodsley (Watts) Parker. The parents were born and married in England, coming to the United States about the close of the Civil war. Their first home was in Cincinnati, Ohio, from there they came to Michigan, and after a residence of brief duration at Saginaw, located in Detroit. Thomas Parker was an expert in the manufacture of leather belting, and that was his line of work for many years. In the religious life of Detroit he had a very active part. Reared a Methodist, on coming to Detroit, he identified himself with the Jefferson Avenue Methodist Episcopal church, a church which at that time had its home at the corner of Jefferson and St. Aubin Avenues. The subsequent removal of that church caused Mr. Parker to affiliate with the Memorial Presbyterian Church at the corner of Joseph Campau Avenue and Clinton Streets. The pastor of the Memorial Church was the Rev. Cooper, D. D., who had been a lifelong friend of Mr. Parker. With that church he continued a working member, and was also a ruling elder. Some years later the family home was moved to the northern part of Detroit, and there the late Mr. Parker became a member of the Highland Park Presbyterian church, in which he was a ruling elder at the time of his death. He died July 15, 1907, at the age of seventy-three and his widow survives, being now in her seventy-third year. George W. Parker, during his boyhood in Detroit, attended the Duffield school, and the Central high school. His equipment for life was further improved by attendance at the Detroit Business University. His first regular position on the ladder of advancement was as a clerk in MacFarland's Book Store, a well known old shop, which in those years stood on the site now occupied by the Majestic Building. After three months' experience in the book shop, Mr. Parker found a place with greater opportunities, and which opened the way for his permanent career. He entered the office of James H. Muir, of the Grand Trunk Railway,

Page  1778 1778 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and continued in the traffic department of that road in different capacities, including work as rate clerk, chief clerk, soliciting freight agent, and traveling freight agent, until September 4, I900. At that date came his resignation in order to take the place of general express and freight agent of the Detroit United Railway, and its suburban lines. That is the important office which Mr. Parker holds at the present time, in transportation affairs centering at Detroit. He is one of the best known traffic officials in the city, and has served as secretary three years and president three years of the Detroit Transportation Club. On October 8, I9IO, Mr. Parker accepted the honorary position as a member of the Perry Victory Centennial Commission for the state of Michigan. He has since acted as chairman of the Michigan Committee, and has also been a member of the executive committee of the Interstate Board of the Perry Victory Commission, this committee having charge of the erection of the memorial of that celebration at Put-in-Bay, September Ioth, and I th, I913. Among other social and civic relations enjoyed by Mr. Parker is his membership with the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Detroit Club, the Detroit Boat Club and the Detroit Athletic Club (New). He is prominent in Y. M. C. A. work and a member of the First Presbyterian church. On June 20, I906, Mr. Parker married Mary C. McGregor, who was born at St. Joseph, Missouri, a daughter of Robert B. and Anne McGregor, now residents of Detroit. JOHN LEO BURKART, M. D. One of Michigan's able surgeons and stirring and helpful citizens is Dr. John Leo Burkart, of Big Rapids, secretary of the Michigan State Board of Health and for many years prominently identified with medical and National Guard affairs. Doctor Burkart is a Canadian by birth, born in County Norfolk, Ontario, February 28, I853, and is a son af the late Anselem Burkart, of Canada and Michigan, who was a native of Baden, Germany, and came to America in i851, settling in County Norfolk, Ontario, Canada, where a brother, Sefrin Burkart, was then residing. The first of the family to come to America was William Burkart, the eldest brother of Anselem Burkart, a musician, who emigrated in about the year I845 and settled at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a musician in the bands of the old circus men, Barnum and Van Amburg, and was a member of the band which played for Jenny Lind, "the Swedish nightingale," on her first tour of America under the management of P. T. Barnum. Anselem Burkart, the father of Doctor Burkart, learned the moulding trade in Germany and in Canada he and his brother Sefrin established a foundry at Delhi, in the county of Norfolk. There Mr. Burkart married the daughter. of Squire Patrick Doyle of Talbot street, a native of Ireland and a noted pioneer of that county. Later Anselem Burkart sold stoves throughout Ontario, traveling through the country in a wagon and selling direct to the people, thus disposing of the first stove sold in that county. In I882 he removed to Detroit, Michigan, where he became a traveling salesman, and continued to be so engaged until within a few years of his death, which occurred in I899, when he was seventyseven years of age. Mrs. Burkart still survives, and is now making her home with her son, Doctor Burkart, at Big Rapids. The primary education of Doctor Burkart was acquired in the Canadian grammar schools, following which he was prepared for college at St. Michael's College, Toronto, and began the study of medicine in I870 at Ingersoll. Entering Victoria Medical College (now a part of the University of Toronto) he was graduated with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in May, 1874, and at once entered upon the practice of his chosen

Page  1779 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1779 profession at Beechville, County Oxford, Ontario. In 1876 Doctor Burkart spent some time in Philadelphia, and in the fall of the same year attended Trinity Medical College (now a part of the University of Toronto), there receiving his M. B. degree in 1877. Following this he took the examination before the College of Physicians and Surgeons and next became a licentiate of the Ontario College of Pharmacy, subsequently opening a drug store at Thamesford, County Oxford, Ontario, where he also practiced medicine for four years. In I881 Doctor Burkart came to Big Rapids, Michigan, to accept a partnership with Dr. W. A. Hendricks, and at the same time became attending surgeon to Mercy Hospital, Big Rapids, which position he held until he moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan, in I895. In I894 he was appointed captain and assistant surgeon of the Second Regiment Infantry, Michigan National Guards, in I895 removed to Grand Rapids, and in April, I898, went with his regiment into the Spanish-American War. While absent from the city, he was appointed, M/ay I, I898, city physician of the city of Grand Rapids. Doctor Burkart went into service as captain and assistant surgeon of the Thirty-second Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and served throughout the period of the war, seeing service at Tampa and Fernandino, Florida, and Huntsville, Alabama. Upon being mustered out of the army, October 27, I898, he took up his duties as city physician of Grand Rapids, from which office he retired in June, 1900. In July, 900o, Doctor Burkart was offered and accepted an appointment as acting assistant surgeon in the medical corps of the United States army and served his first tour of three years duty in the Philippine Islands, seeing active service in the Department of the Vizayas, returning to the United States in 1903. During all this time he continued to hold his commission in the Michigan National Guard, and in June, I903, was promoted major and surgeon of the Second Michigan Infantry, serving with his regiment in the joint military manoeuvers at West Point. On February I, I904, the Doctor returned to the Philippines and served his second tour of duty as acting assistant surgeon of the Medical Corps, and in the fall of I906 was assigned to duty at Fort Sheridan, Chicago, and subsequently at Fort Wayne, Detroit. He retired from the service December 22, 1908, to return to Big Rapids to take up private practice. Doctor Burkart was appointed secretary of the Michigan State Board of Health, with headquarters at Lansing, in December, I913, and took up his duties February I, I9I4. He is a valued member of the Mecosta County Medical Society and of the Michigan State Medical Society, having served as president of the surgical section of the latter society and as president of the Tri-County Medical Society of Northern Michigan. He held the chair of Materia Medica and Therapeutics at the Grand Rapids Medical School, and is department adjutant of the Department of Michigan of the Spanish-American War Veterans Society. Doctor Burkart resigned from the Michigan National Guard in I904 being the first officer to be retired under the new law regulating retirement therefrom. He has been prominent in Catholic fraternal affairs in Michigan, having served as grand president, grand medical examiner, grand chancellor and in other capacities in the Catholic Mutual Benefit Asociation of Michigan, was a charter member of Grand Rapids Council of the Knights of Columbus, and belongs to the Woodmen and the Independent Order of Foresters. Doctor Burkart was married in I888 to Ellen Jane McGurrin, a sister of Gen. William T. McGurrin, who is prominently known in Grand Rapids and throughout the state. Four daughters have been born to this union, namely: Mary Clarissa, Helen Alphonsa, Gertrude Philomena, and Catherine Harriet, all at present attending the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Page  1780 1780 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ROBERT DANIEL TRIPP. If to be the founder of one's own fortune, to face seemingly insuperable difficulties, and by untiring perseverance make a name widely known and respected, be to hold an honored record, then Robert Daniel Tripp is worthy of a foremost place on the roll of men who have helped to build up the city of Petoskey. A native son of this place, although he is still a young man, his career has been one of striking accomplishments in varied fields of endeavor, and his versatility has been shown by his connection with widely diverging vocations. Robert Daniel Tripp was born at Petoskey, Michigan, February 6, 1878, and is a son of Daniel and Mary (Gorden) Tripp, residents of this city. His father, a native of Canada, was in his early life widely known as a soldier of fortune who passed through numerous exciting experiences in the early days of the Far West, being a chum, associate and friend of Col. William F. Cody ("Buffalo Bill"). During the Civil War he enlisted in the Eleventh Kansas Cavalry, and took a conspicuous part in the activities of that famous organization, -also being active in the capture of many desperadoes and bushwhackers during the days of the black-hearted Quantrell and the James boys. Mr. Tripp wooed and won his bride, a native of Mississippi, while on his campaign in that state, and at the close of the war came to Midland, Michigan, and settled on wild land, hewing a farm out of the woods. There he resided until the year 1876, when he sold out and moved to Bear Creek township, Emmet county, Michigan, securing another farm, which he homesteaded, ind which was also improved into a valuable property. Mr. Tripp retired from farming and in I904 moved to Petoskey here becoming a member of the police force. Mr. Tripp is a Mason, in which he has attained to the Knight Templar degree, and is a Republican in his political views. He and his wife have been the parents of ten children, as follows: Marion, who met an accidental death at the age of seventeen years, being drowned in Traverse Bay; Willard, who was fifteen years old when accidentally killed by a lumber pile falling on him; Henry and Bartlett, who both died in childhood; a daughter, who died in infancy; Albert, who was last heard from seven years ago when at Alabatt, in the Philippine Islands, a soldier during the Philippine insurrection in the command of Gen. Fred Funston; Robert Daniel; Ralph Ray, who is a resident of Toledo, Ohio; Orrell, who is the wife of Samuel Dodge and resides at Bay Shore, Michigan; and Effie, who is the wife of George Brill, of Walloon Lake, Michigan. Robert Daniel Tripp was ten years of age when he left school to accept a position in the handle works (Brown's) at Petoskey, and subsequently worked on farms until learning the trade of cooper. For a time he was employed at the heading mills at Bay Shore, and then spent a year as a sailor, in the meantime working in the lumber woods during the winter months. Realizing the need of further education, on every opportunity he applied himself faithfully to his studies, chief among which was mathematics, in which he became very proficient. At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Mr. Tripp enlisted in the Thirty-fifth Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, continuing to serve therewith until the close of hostilities, when he returned to his home. Three months later, when President McKinley declared war upon the Philippines, he went to Chicago and enlisted in the Thirtieth United States Volunteer Infantry, and went to the islands and engaged in various battles and skirmishes, seeing a great deal of active service. On his return to Michigan, Mr. Tripp began a course in civil engineering and mathematics and eventually secured a position as assistant engineer under Fred Williams, with whom he worked during I90I-5, learning every detail of this profession. In I906 Mr. Tripp was appointed city engineer of Petoskey,

Page  1781 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1781 by Mayor George Raycraft, a position which he has continued to hold to the present time, with the exception of one year, and during a part of that time devoted himself to the building of three miles of stone road as one of the contractors. When his contract was completed, Mr. Tripp went to Florida and was engaged for some time in surveying in Orange and Seminole counties, and upon his return was again appointed city engineer and resumed his duties as such. Mr. Tripp has thoroughly mastered the details and practical application of the Storm sewer system, extending to sanitary sewering and water works, and during his incumbency of his present office has built the greater part of the streets in the business portion of the city, of asphaltic concrete, without the aid of a consulting engineer. A septic tank project is now under way, under Mr. Tripp's supervision, and will be completed in I914, at a cost of several thousand dollars. An active Democrat in his political views, Mr. Tripp has long taken an active interest in public affairs, and in I906 his popularity was demonstrated when he was elected county surveyor, the first Democrat in eighteen years to hold a county office in Emmet county Fraternally, Mr. Tripp has been active as a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, in both of which orders he has numerous friends. Mr. Tripp has been the architect of his own fortunes, and as one of his community's self-educated, self-made men is entitled to the high esteem and respect in which he is universally held by the people of the communities in which his labors have been prosecuted and his successes accomplished. On August I6, I905, Mr. Tripp was married at the home of the bride, in Bear Creek township, Emmet county, to Miss Minnie Bohm, a native of Saginaw, Michigan, and a daughter of Karl and Sophia Bohm, and to this union there have come two children, Ruth, born December 15, I909. Mrs. Tripp is a devoted member of the German Lutheran church. The family resides in a pleasant home at Petoskey, where their many friends are frequently entertained. JOHN TAYLOR NICHOLS. This prominent lawyer of Detroit, where he has been active in his profession, and also as a business man for the last twenty years, is a representative in the third generation of the Nichols family, which has probably contributed more to the development of manufacturing and industry in the state of Michigan than any other individual family group. The grandfather of Mr. Nichols, the lawyer, was John Nichols, one of the founders and for many years president of Nichols & Shepard Company, of Battle Creek manufacturers. His father is Hon. Edwin C. Nichols, who still has a guiding hand in the industrial fortunes of the city of Battle Creek and is president of the Nichols and Shepard Company. Mr. John T. Nichols himself has an executive position as vice president in the great company founded by his father, and developed largely by its members. In a history of the notable personalities of the State of Michigan, there is an obvious pronrietv in giving space to the record of the various members of the Nichols family. The late John Nichols, the pioneer of the name in Michigan, was born at Liverpool, Onondaga county, New York, January I, I8I4, came to Michigan territory in I835, and after a long and remarkable career died at his home in Battle Creek, April 15, I89I. John Nichols was one of the remarkable men of the last century. His work was largely created, and his industry and character became the foundation on which rests the material prosperity of one of Michigan's larger cities. Personally he was a man of untiring industry, great executive capacity, indomitable energy and perseverence, and never faltered before the untried obstacles that

Page  1782 1782 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN barred his way. Business sagacity was less an element in his success than solid ability to do and direct others in doing. His parents, Eliakim and Sally Nichols were early settlers of western New York. It was in practically a pioneer community that John Nichols spent his youth, and had only limited schooling in the modern sense. When thirteen years old he began figuring his own fortune, and at Palmyra became an apprentice to the moulder's and iron foundry trade. This trade became the basis for his subsequent career. In 1834 at the age of twenty, he married Miss Nancy C. Galloway. They had an unusually long and happy wedded life, which was prolonged beyond their golden wedding anniversary, until the death of Mrs. Nichols, December 26, 1892. In 1835 John Nichols brought his young wife to the territory of Michigan, the settlement of which was only begun in most of the southern counties. After one year in Lenawee county he found work in the machine shops then maintained by the state of Michigan, which was constructing the Michigan Central Railroad. In I848, he went west and located at Battle Creek, which thereafter was his home, and was the seat of his larger enterprise. He was first engaged in the manufacture of stoves, plows and other farm implements and iron castings. To his plant were afterwards added facilities for making engines, saw mill and grist mill machinery. In I850 he crossed the plains into California, but after a brief residence there returned, and formed a partnership with David Shepard, thus beginning the firm name which has continued for more than sixty years, and now has an international reputation wherever agriculture flourishes. Their earliest output was one of the crude types of grain threshers in use during the decade of the fifties. They made a good machine, however, and they invented great improvements which soon made it the leading threshing machi.ne of its day and generation. Their business ever since has kept abreast of the inventions and facilities of each succeeding decade. It was largely owing to the genius and practical business talent of Mr. Nichols that the product acquired its popularity, and in a few years the first shop was unable to fill the orders for the "Vibrator" threshing machine as it was called. In 1870 a stock company was organized, and extensive works were built on the east side of Battle Creek, at the place now called Nichols Station. The late John Nichols was not only a great industrial captain, but he also possessed a generous public spirit and interest in the welfare of his fellow men. He was the first to undertake the building of homes for workingmen, and he did much to make the lives of his employes more comfortable. The Nichols Memorial Hospital in Battle Creek is a monument to his substantial interest in his community. In politics he was first a Whig and afterwards equally loyal to the Republican principles. He never sought office and was quite content to do his duty through the avenues of private citizenship. A great lover of forest and streams, he was an eager sportsman, and for many years it was his delight to take a party of invited friends into the wilds of the north and west during the autumn hunting season. For' forty-four successive years did he follow this most interesting habit, and the "Vibrator" hunting party, of which he was the host and directing spirit, with its multitude of people, its pack of hounds and the camp equipage and supplies for entertaining most royally his friends and the passers-by for many week, was one of the notable events of each season. Many scores of men in Michigan and elsewhere will recall with interest and pleasure his generous hospitality. The late John Nichols was the father of three children. His daughter, Mrs. Helen N. Caldwell, died March 8, I903, and a younger daugh

Page  1783 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1783 ter, Mary Elizabeth Nichols, died in 1854. His only son and surviving child is Hon. Edwin C. Nichols. Edwin C. Nichols, both during his father's lifetime and since, has been one of the vital forces in the progress of Battle Creek and the State of Michigan. He was born in Lenawee county, at the town of Clinton, July 20, I838, only about one year after Michigan became a state. Educated in the schools of Battle Creek, he received his practical education for a career in the industry founded by his father. He started in at the bottom and learned every detail thoroughly. Mr. Nichols has been identified with the Nichols & Shepard Company, since I857, and to him is due the credit for the later successful enlargement of the industry. The plant at Battle Creek as developed under his presidency now covers about forty acres of ground, gives employment to five or six hundred skilled workmen, and its product in threshing machines finds a market in all parts of the world. Mr. Nichols is also president of the Old National Bank of Battle Creek, and he is director of half a dozen or more large local industries and business enterprises of that city. In politics Edwin C. Nichols has done much for the Republican party in Michigan. He was a delegate to the constitutional convention. He has steadily refused all the larger political honors, such as nomination to congress and for governor, but has served his home city as mayor, as president of the school board, and was the first president of the board of public works of Battle Creek. Edwin C. Nichols is a Knights Templar Mason, is prominent in the club life of Battle Creek, and is also well known in Detroit, where he has membership in the Detroit Club, the Detroit Country Club, and the Yondotega Club. He belongs to the old and exclusive Chicago Club of Chicago. While not a member of any particular church, he has always been liberal in his support of religion and benevolence. The Nichols Memorial Hospital at Battle Creek is an institution in which he is much interested, and he has done much to support and maintain this hospital. Battle Creek both in its past and present attainments owes much to the broad capacity and ability of Mr. Nichols. Edwin C. Nichols in I86o married Sarah J. Rowan of Argyle, New York. She was a daughter of James Hyatt and at her death in I897 she left three children. These are Mrs. Helen N. Newberry of Chicago, Illinois; Mrs. Harriet Atterbury of Detroit; and John T. Nichols of Detroit. All the children were born and partly educated in Battle Creek. Both the daughters completed their education in a Seminary for young ladies near Boston, Massachusetts. The only male representatives of the Nichols family in its third generation in Michigan, John Taylor Nichols was born in Battle Creek on February 3, i868. From the public schools of his native city he entered Cornell University, where he was graduated with the class of I889 in the literary department. In I892 he was graduated LL. B. from the Harvard Law School, and in the same year was admitted to the bar of Calhoun county. Mr. Nichols was admitted to practice in the Federal court, in I894. His practice as a lawyer began in Battle Creek in the offices of Hulbert & Meetcham. After about a year, in 1893, he located in Detroit, and was connected with the firm of Russel & Campbell until I889. Since that year he has practiced alone. Mr. Nichols has membership in the Detroit and Michigan Bar Associations. As already stated he is vice president of the Nichols and Shepard Company of Battle Creek and is a director in the Oak Belting Company of Detroit. Socially Mr. Nichols has membership in Ihe Detroit Club, the Yantodega Club, the Racquet Club, the Country Club, and the New Detroit Athletic Club. Mr. Nichols married Helen Beaudrier de Morat of Phila

Page  1784 1784 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN delphia, the daughter of Oliver Beaudrier de Morat. They are the parents of the following children, who are the fourth generation of the Nichols name in Michigan: Helen Beaudrier de Morat Nichols, and Joan Nichols. JAMES J. JONES. After James J. Jones had completed his education in the schools of Genesee county, he took up a business career, and for the past fifteen years has enjoyed an increasing success as a merchant at Clio. Born at Arcade, New York, April 24, 1870, he is a son of Frederick and Amanda F. (Gleason) Jones. His mother, who was born in Rutland, Vermont, was of Scotch-Irish stock. His father was born at Arcade, New York, of Holland-English stock and in the family there is a revolutionary ancestor, Daniel Bakeman, who after his service on the American side during the war of independence lived to the extreme age of one hundred and nine years, and is buried at Freedom in New York State. The father brought his family west to Michigan, on April 5, I88I, engaged in farming in Genesee county, and now lives on the old farmstead at Clio, aged seventy-one years. He also had a military record, having served with the State Troops of New York during the Civil war. The parents were married in Allegany county, New York, and the mother died in March, I907, at Clio when sixty-one years of age. James J. Jones, who was the third of five children, was eleven years old when the family located in Genesee county, and finished his schooling, which had been begun at Arcade Center, New York, at the district school, and later the high school at Clio. For several years he was a teacher, and on March II, 1899, established his present business, which from a small beginning he has developed and now carries a large stock of merchandise with a well established trade over a large community. He is also interested in small fruit farming, making a specialty of strawberries, raspberries and peaches. His farm of eighty acres is one of the best in the township. He has also done his part in community affairs, and served as township clerk for four terms. His politics is Democratic. The township is normally Republican by twoihundred majority. Mr. Jones affiliates with the Maccabees and is record keeper of the local tent. His church is the Methodist Episcopal. At Clio, on September I6, I896, he married Miss Rose Haven, a daughter of Ahira and Rosanna Haven, who were of an old family in this part of Michigan, and still live in Clio. To their marriage have been born the following children: Ralph W. Jones, born in I899, and now attending school; Paul Haven Jones, born June 14, 1903, and also in school; Lois M. Jones, born June 3I, I9IO, and died in 1911. Mr. Jones has always taken a lively interest in the religious and educational life of the village of Clio. He taught a Sunday school class for nearly twenty years and he is at present a member of the Board of Education. FRANK ELLIOTT TYLER. President and director of the Washington Theatre Company of Bay City, a director and the largest stockholder in the Bay City Bank, a director in the Crapo Building Company, Mr. Tyler is one of the old and stanch business men of Bay City, where he has lived for over forty years, and where his scope of business and civic activities have been centered. In later years he has confined his attention chiefly to real estate, but there are a number of concerns which have contributed to the prosperity and substantial enterprise of Bay City with which his name has been identified. * Frank Elliott Tyler was born April 4, 1852, at Flushing, Michigan. His parents were Dr. Columbus V. and Marie (Harrick) Tyler. With

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Page  1785 HISTORY OF MICI-IIGAN 1785 a good home training and with an education practical but not ornamental, Mr. Tyler was nineteen years old when he and his parents came to Bay City. His first employment was two years as bookkeeper in the dry goods firm of Munger & Company, and from that establishment he went into the Bay City Bank, with which solid institution he has been connected for forty years, first as bookkeeper, later as assistant cashier, and now in the relation which has been above stated. On leaving the clerical work with the bank Mr. Tyler engaged in the livery business. His enterprise was the nucleus for the Bay City Omnibus Company, on Saginaw street. He was one of the organizers of the company, and was its president until recent years. He was also! on the board of managers of the Shearer Brothers Building Company. In business affairs he has always kept with the leaders of this community. As to his relations with the civic community in which he has lived for more than forty years, his part has always been that of a progressive and public-spirited citizen, but without a large amount of his time devoted to office holding. He served as a member of the city council for a time after being elected in I890, and was a member of the board of police commissioners and a director in the Elm Lawn Cemetery Company. Until'I896 he was a Democrat in politics, having been brought up in that political faith, but then changed and voted for President McKinley. His fraternal affiliations are chiefly with the Masonic order, and his connections are with Joppa Lodge, No. 315, A. F. & A. M.; Bay City Chapter, No. I36, R. A. M.; and the Scottish Rite bodies in Bay City and Detroit. He belongs to the Detroit Consistory and to the Moslem Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Detroit. He is also interested in the organization of the First Elks Club in Bay City, and belongs to the Bay City Club. In 1875 Mr. Tyler married Ella Fay, whose father, Hon. William L. Fay, was one of the first mayors of Bay City. To their marriage were born three children, one of whom is deceased. The eldest is L. Fay Tyler, and the daughter is Jessie Arvilla, wife of W. D. McVay, now deceased. L. Fay Tyler, a son of Frank E. Tyler, is one of the vigorous young business men of Bay City, and though not yet thirty has already taken a position in the business and civic community. He was born January i, 1885, in Bay City, grew up and attended the public schools, and then entered the Detroit University, where he was graduated as a mechanical engineer in I905. While a member of the University he was a leader in athletic sports, and for two years was a member of the football and track teams. On leaving college Mr. Tyler spent four months abroad, and on returning to Bay City acted for a time as representative of the Overland & Northern Automobile Company. Later he became one of the organizers of the Pioneer Boat Pattern Company, and for three years was.an active director in that concern. In I914 he organized the Bay City Automobile Tire & Repair Company, and they have the distribution of Firestone tires for northeastern Michigan, and they also have the largest and most complete repair shop north of Detroit. On the 20th of July, I9IO, at Peoria, Illinois, Mr. Tyler married Miss Nina Harriet Kuhl. Her parents are Theodore and Harriet (Hurd) Kuhl, her father being president of the Block & Kuhl Dry Goods Company, the largest dry goods company in Illinois outside of Chicago. Mr. Tyler has affiliations with the Phi Delta Kappa, in Michigan, and he is a director in the Crapo Building Company and is secretary of the Bay City Recreation Club. GEORGE DEWITT MASON. In thirty-five years of active practice as an architect, George DeWitt Mason has acquired a position in his profession in the State of Michigan, and his reputation is well known in many

Page  1786 1786 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN other sections of the United States. It is unnecessary to make any claims for his ability except as are expressed through his record of practical achievements. It would be possible to draw up a long list of notable structures for which Mr. Mason has drawn the plans and supervised the construction, but a few of the more prominent will indicate the character of his work and will show that he has been retained as architect on some of the best known buildings in the state of Michigan and the city of Detroit. He planned and erected the Detroit Masonic Temple, the First Presbyterian Church, the Trinity Episcopal Church, the Detroit Opera House, the Hotel Pontchartrain, the Detroit Fire and Marine Insurance building, the Herman Kiefer Hospital, the office buildings of the Hiram Walker and Sons at Walkerville, Canada, the L. W. Bowen residence on Woodward avenue, and the A. L. Stephens residence on Jefferson avenue. George DeWitt Mason was born in the city of Syracuse, New York, July 4, 1856, a son of James H. and Zada E. (Griffin) Mason. Both his father and mother were born in Syracuse, came to Detroit in I870, and spent the rest of their days in that city. George D. Maison attended the public schools of Syracuse, where he lived during the first fourteen years of his life, and finished at Detroit, where he graduated from the Detroit high school in I873. Beginning the study of architecture in the office of the late Henry T. Brush of Detroit, and being possessed pf a special aptitude for the art he made rapid strides toward proficiency, and was soon doing independent work. In I878 Mr. Mason formed a partnership with Zachariah Rice, under the firm name of Mason and Rice, which name continued until I898. The partners dissolved in that year and Mr. Mason has since continued alone in his profession. He has membership in the Michigan Chapter of the American Institute of Architects, belongs to the Detroit Club, the Masonic Club and other social organizations. In I882 he married Miss Ida Whitaker, a daughter of Captain Byron Whitaker, now deceased, a former well known citizen of Detroit. Mr. and Mrs. Mason have one daughter, Lillian, who married Hal. C. Smith at Detroit. JACOB RAQUET. A resident of Saginaw since the close of the Civil war and now retired from a long career as a brewer, Jacob Raquet deserves honorable mention in any record of Saginaw's citizenship during the last half century. His individual prosperity is by no means the most important distinction of Mr. Raquet, for no. other citizen has been more liberal handed in his benefactions and has been more ready to assist in movements for the advancement of the community along well defined lines of progress. Jacob Raquet was born in Lamprecht, Rhinepfalz, Bavaria, December I3, I844, a son of Henry and Margaret (Hofman) Raquet, his father having been a prominent business man in his native city. There were four children born to Henry and Margaret Raquet, and all were educated in Lamprecht. The children were two sons and two daughters, and both the sons came to America. Peter Raquet was the oldest of the children; Catherine is the wife of Frederick Koelsth and lives in the old home at Lamprecht; Elizabeth is the wife of Daniel Koelsth, the sisters having married relatives, and she also lives at Lamprecht. Peter Raquet came to Saginaw in I862, and Jacob came at the close of the Civil war, in I866. In the following year the brothers organized what is known as the Raquet Brothers Brewery at Saginaw. That institution was conducted with glowing success by them until I884, and Jacob continued therein until I912, when he sold his interest and the business was reor

Page  1787 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1787 ganized into what is now known as the Star Brewing Company. They had an up-to-date business in every sense of the word, and their brew quickly obtain a reputation beyond the local confines of Saginaw. The Star Brewery was one of the leading institutions of its kind in the quality of its output, and its beers are distributed throughout Michigan. Mr. Raquet was one of the organizers of the Michigan Paving Brick Company, and served on its board of directors until I9II. With firm faith in the future development and prosperity of Saginaw, his earnings have been steadily reinvested in local real estate, and he has not only been an investor, but has been active in improving all his property, and a large number of buildings might be noted in various parts of the city which were constructed by his capital. His large property interests represent a life time of hard work, energy and enterprise. Throughout his career he has enjoyed the confidence of local citizens, and counts among his personal friends many of the most prominent men of Michigan. Mr. Raquet is a member of the German Lutheran church and also of several German societies. His beautiful home is at 18 North Second street. On April 14, 1873, occurred his marriage to Miss Emma Erni, who was born in Switzerland, a daughter of Jacob Erni, who for a long period of years lived in Cleveland, Ohio, where he followed his vocation as watchmaker, a profession he had learned in Switzerland, which might be considered the home of watchmaking. Now deceased, he was one of the successful jewelers of Cleveland. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Raquet were born six children; three of whom are deceased, and the living are: John, Alice and Wanda. Mr. Raquet has made eight European trips, on three of which he was accompanied by his family. MAX HEAVENRICH. Few merchants in Michigan have made a more noteworthy record of progress and enterprise than Max Heavenrich, whose name has been indentified with successful merchandising in Saginaw for the past thirty-five years. He and other members of the family came to this country practically without resources and without friends in the new world. Their ability and industry quickly found them useful places in mercantile circles, and for a long period of years Max Heavenrich has enjoyed more than ample prosperity. With a high sense of the duties and obligations imposed by success and wealth, he has long extended a liberal hand toward promoting the general prosperity of his home city and also to the performance of a great deal of individual charity and benevolence. The people of Saginaw gave him special credit for his work as a member of the Merchants and Manufacturers Association, of which he is a director, and since 1913 the president. This association some years ago successfully undertook the task of raising money in the locality and inducing other capital and industry to make Saginaw their home. Mr. Heavenrich was chairman of the committee of six members who raised two hundred thousand dollars in cash to bring factories to Saginaw, and the plan and scope of the undertaking were originated by him and his leadership was probably the most effective influence in making it a success. Mr. Heavenrich is also an active member of the Saginaw Board of Trade. Born November 28, 1845, at Bamberg, in Bavaria, Germany, he is a son of Abram and Sarah (Bruell) Himmelreich. After the sons came to America they translated their German name into an English equivalent, and Heavenrich is in English what Himmelreich is in German. Abram Himmelreich, the father, was a merchant and a man of more than ordinary prominence in his native city of Bamberg, where all his years were spent. His wife also lived there until death. Of the nine children Max was the sixth. At the age of fourteen his

Page  1788 1788 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN boyhood may be said to have to an end, and in the meantime he had acquired a general education in his native town. His two older brothers, Simon and Samuel, had already gone to America and succeeded in establishing themselves in business at Detroit, and Leavenworth, Kansas. Max, at the age of fourteen, followed them. After a short visit in Detroit he left for Leavenworth, Kansas. The first practical experience of Max Heavenrich in America was gained under the supervision of his brother at Leavenworth, who left the business in his charge two years later. Then returning to Detroit and entering his brother's store, he remained until I868. Then being twenty-one years of age, he started a mercantile career on his own account. His savings gave him some capital, and opening a stock of goods at St. Johns, Michigan, he quickly built up a reputation with his creditors and with the community, and from that time forward never had any difficulty in getting the goods he needed from the wholesalers, and his financial rating has been of the very best. For ten years St. Johns was his center of operation, and during that time he built up a very large enterprise. Selling out his interests at St. Johns, Mr. Heavenrich moved to Saginaw, in 1878, thirty-six years ago. There he was one of the organizers and a partner in an establishment known as the Little Jake & Company, the firm being composed of Jacob Seligman, Max Heavenrich and Carl Heavenrich. In 1882 the Heavenrich brothers bought out the Seligman interests, and the firm then became Heavenrich Brothers & Company. They bought the block which is known today as the Heavenrich Block, and is one of the largest brick store buildings in Saginaw. It is three stories in height, has a frontage of ninety on both Franklin street and Genesee avenue, and'stands as one of the most popular shopping centers in the metropolis of northeast Michigan. In I893 the death of Carl Heavenrich removed one of the active members of the firm, and 'his brother Max bought his interests from his heirs. Max Heavenrich, since coming to Saginaw, has been the active head and president of the firm, Samuel Heavenrich is vice president, Max Ph. Heavenrich is treasurer and general manager and Miss Pepi Heavenrich is secretary. The history of the firm has been one of continued success, and the store is the largest for the supplying of clothing and men's furnishing goods and men's and ladies' shoes in Saginaw. The sales force is steadily kept. at about thirty-five people. Besides his activities in connection with the Merchants and Manufacturers Association in inducing industries to locate at Saginaw, Mr. Heavenrich has directed his means to another worthy and really benevolent cause, in the building of homes for working people and extending every assistance, consistent with conservative business, to enable the buyers of such homes to eventually become owners and householders. Mr. Heavenrich is known throughout Saginaw for his charitable disposition and he has friends in all the walks of life. In 1883 he built a fine home for himself at 603 South Jefferson avenue. In the year 1873 Mr. Heavenrich married Miss Esther Lilenthal, a daughter of Rabbi Max and Pepi (Netter) Lilenthal, of Cincinnati, Ohio. Their two children are Pepi Heavenrich, who is secretary of the large mercantile enterprise of which her father is president, and Max Ph., who is general manager of the store. Mr. Heavenrich has been a member of the Masonic order since I868, and has taken the degres of the York Rite and belongs to the Mystic Shrine. He is also affiliated with the Elks and with the East Saginaw and Country Clubs. He is a communicant of' the Hebrew church and a director in the Jewish Orphan Asylum at Cleveland, Ohio. During recent years Mr. Heavenrich has found the rigors of Michigan winters too severe for his health, and he and his wife usually spend those months in travel in the south.

Page  1789 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1789 JOHN W. SMART. Vice president and general manager of the Michigan Drug Company, of Detroit, also known as Williams, Davis, Brooks and Hirchman's Sons, the largest and oldest concern in the wholesale drug trade in the state, Mr. Smart belongs to a family that is generously represented in the wholesale circles in Michigan and elsewhere, and is himself a splendid example of a successful man who has it in him to reach high places and accomplishes his ambition regardless of conditions surrounding his youth. Mr. Smart was at one time a "tally boy" in a lumber yard, also dusted off the bottles in a retail drug store, and by studying the business and showing his ability advanced to association with one of the leaders in the American drug trade. In the company of which he is now an executive member and director, the other important names are: James E. Davis, president; Alanson S. Brooks, treasurer; Maurice 0. Williams, secretary; William H. Dodd, director; and Robert S. Forbes, superintendent. John Walter Smart was born in Port Huron, Michigan, August 20, 1874, a son of Rev. James S. and Elmira (Carter) Smart, natives respectively of Maine and Ohio. Rev. Smart devoted his life to the ministry of the Methodist church, became prominent in his conference, and served as pastor and presiding elder of many districts. For a long period of years he was agent for the Albion College of Michigan. His death occurred at the age of sixty-five years, and his wife passed away when sixty-two years of age, both being interred at Mount Clemens. Of their eight children one is deceased, and the family record is as follows: Frederick A. Smart, the oldest, is a prominent insurance man of Detroit; Mary S. is the wife of John W. Symons, a wholesale grocer of Saginaw; Nellie is the wife of George A. Skinner, of Mount Clemens, Michigan; James S. Smart is a retired member of the wholesale grocery house of Lee, Cady & Smart, the largest firm of its kind in the state, and he is now living in Santa Anna, California; Minerva is the wife of Albert M. Miller, a lumber man of Bay City, Michigan, and who also holds the office of postmaster of that city; Lilla Grace is the wife of Professor Borris Ganapol, of Detroit. John Walter Smart, after finishing his education in Flint, obtained his first position, as clerk in a Flint drug store, a short time later; the A. M. Miller Lumber Company employing him as tally boy, but at the age of eighteen he began his real career of progress when he came to Saginaw and found a place with the McCausland Wholesale Grocery Company. Mr. James Smart, his older brother, was a member of that firm. Later this company was reorganized and became the Lee, Cady & Smart Wholesale Grocery Company. In I898 the company organized at Saginaw the Saginaw Valley Drug Company, dealing wholesale in drugs, and in I899 John W. Smart became manager of the local business. In 1913 another reorganization occurred, and out of several large constituent drug companies resulted the present Michigan Drug Company, whose general offices are in Detroit and which is today the largest concern of its kind in Michigan, employing in Detroit two hundred and fifty people. On November 25, I902, Mr. Smart married Miss Winifred U. Wood, of Lansing, a daughter of John J. and Clara (Price) Wood. Their two children are: John W., Jr., aged nine, and Richard Carter, aged five. Mr. Smart occupies a pleasant home at I997 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, and he also has a pleasant summer cottage on Saginaw Bay, where the hot months are spent with his wife and family. J. GEORGE KEEBLER. While Mr. Keebler for the past ten years has been identified with the wholesale grocery trade in the city of Jackson, and is now one of the leading business men of the city, he is perhaps Vol. IV-3

Page  1790 1790 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN best remembered by most people for his long and efficient service in the city treasurer's office. Mr. Keebler was for fifteen years employed in that office, first as clerk, then as deputy, and then for six years as chief of the office. It is said that no more popular candidate ever appeared in Jackson for a public office than Mr. Keebler, who had two special distinctions, one being that he was the youngest man ever elected to the office of city treasurer, and the second that he obtained the largest majority ever paid a candidate for a local office. J. George Keebler was born on North Jackson Street, in the city of Jackson, May 25, I869. His father, the late J. Fred Keebler, who died August 8, 1905, at the age of sixty-nine, was born in Wuertemberg, Germany, August 17, 1836, and was for more than forty years a resident of Jackson. He was a carpenter by trade, and for thirty-eight years was employed in one of the wood-working plants at Jackson. He was married October I5, 1864, to Wilhelmina Schweitzer. She, too, was born in Wuertemberg, Germany, on November 8, I844. She came to the United States with her parents, Christian Frederick and Barbara (Schuster) Schweitzer, March 7, 1855, and they settled at Canandaigua, New York. The mother still lives in Jackson, being now sixty-nine years of age. J. George Keebler had two brothers and five sisters, of whom only three sisters are living, namely: Wilhelmina Barbara, the wife of Martin Braun, of Jackson; Sarah Louise, wife of B. J. Lowe, of Kalamazoo; and Mary, wife of L. H. Dabbert, of Saginaw. Gertrude M. married George Breitnmeyer and both are now dead. She was born July I9, I865, and died May 31, I906. Christian F., born August 27, I867, died March I4, I894. J. Frederick, born December 3I, I870, died January 5, 187I. Katharine Eva, born May 7, I874, died March 3, i896. Mr. Keebler has lived in Jackson all his life, grew up in the surroundings of his home locality, on North Jackson Street, attended school for some years until he had the practical fundamentals of education, but at the age of fifteen, in order that he might contribute something to the family welfare he left school and engaged as shipping clerk in the sash and blind factory of S. Heyser & Sons. It was in that factory where his father was employed for so many years. He made good use of his opportunities there, but was soon called to a broader field of work. On October i, I888, he was appointed deputy city treasurer under E. F. Lowrey, and continued to serve as Mr. Lowrey's assistant for five years. T. W. Chapin, who succeeded Mr. Lowrey as city treasurer, retained the services of this capable assistant four years longer and on April 5, 1897, Mr. Keebler was elected treasurer as candidate of the Democratic party. He was at that time twenty-seven years of age, and no younger man had ever been called to this important office. He led the ticket by a majority of eleven hundred and fifty votes. At the second election, on April 3, i899, Mr. Keebler received the majority of nineteen hundred and eighty-seven votes, and in the annals of Jackson city government, no larger majority has ever been given a candidate for public office. Again on April I, I901, Mr. Keebler was elected for a third term, and again led his ticket. His final time expired on May 5, 1903, and after six years of service in which he made his office a place for the orderly and efficient transaction of public business, he retired with the continued confidence and commendation of the great host of supporters and friends, who had steadily stood by him in all his public career. Since leaving the office in 1903 he has been a member of the wholesale grocery firm of Howard, Solon & Company. Mr. Keebler has been a stanch advocate of the Democratic party from the time he was able to cast his first vote, and since leaving the office of city treasurer, has served four years as chairman of the Demo

Page  1791 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1791 cratic City Committee, and four years as police commissioner. He is a member of the First Methodist Episcopal church of Jackson, is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Royal Arcanum, the Jackson Schwaben Verein, the Jackson Chamber of Commerce and the Jackson Country Club. On June 7, I904, he married Miss Mary O'Rafferty, of Jackson. Mrs. Keebler was born in Detroit, October 3, 1879, a daughter of John O'Rafferty, who came to the United States from Ireland. CLARENCE L. GREILICK. The initiative and constructive ability that augur for large and worthy achievement have been signally exemplified in the career of Mr. Greilick, who is one of the veritable captains of industry in Michigan and whose well ordered enterprise has contributed in great measure to the industrial and civic precedence of Traverse City, the beautiful metropolis and judicial center of Grand Traverse county. He is president of the Traverse City Chair Company and also of the J. E. Greilick Company, manufacturers of library tables, chair-frames, etc. These represent two of the leading industrial enterprises of this section of the state, and the two concerns give employment to a force of nearly 200 persons, the majority of whom are men and skilled artisans. The factories are essentially modern, the buildings being of substantial order and admirably equipped, the aggregate ground space utilized being more than ten acres. The plants are eligibly situated on Grand Traverse Bay and are directly accessible to the three railroads and boat lines entering Traverse City, so that the shipping facilities are excellent and adequate. Mr. Greilick has not only shown marked circumspection in the upbuilding of these important enterprises but has also stood exponent of high civic ideals and much public spirit, so that he naturally holds precedence as one of the representative men of affairs in his home city and county. Further interest attaches to the record of Mr. Greilick by reason of the fact that he was born in the city that is now his home and is a scion of an honored pioneer family of this part of the Wolverine State. He was born in Traverse City on the I4th of August, I869, and is a son of Joseph E. and Nancy (Case) Greilick, the former of whom was born in Austria and the latter of whom was born in Gustavus, Ohio, her parents establishing their home in Benzonia, Michigan, at a very early day. Joseph E. Greilick, a son of Godfrey Greilick, was a child at the time of his parents' immigration to the United States, and the family disembarked in New York City on the IIth of September, 1848. They remained in the national metropolis until I854, when they came to Michigan and settled in the Grand Traverse.region, the development of which had at that time been represented almost entirely in connection with the lumbering industry, as Michigan had been admitted to statehood only about a decade previously. Godfrey Greilick became one ofthe pioneer lumbermen of this part of the state and continued to be identified with this branch of industrial enterprise until his death, his name meriting enduring place on the roll of the sterling pioneers of northwestern Michigan. As a youth Joseph E. Greilick learned the carpenter's trade, to which he continued to devote his attention for a number of years, in connection with other industrial activities. In 1867 he engaged in the manufacturing of sash, doors and blinds, as well as doing general mill work of incidental order, and he was associated with the operation of one of the first planing mills in Traverse City, as an interested principal in the firm of Hannah, Lay & Company. In 1879 he purchased the interests of his associates and he thereafter conducted in an individual way a large and prosperous business until his death,

Page  1792 1792 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN when well advanced in years, his wife surviving him by several years. Among the large contracts carried out by this honored citizen was the furnishing of all the mill work for the building of the Northern Michigan Asylum for the Insane, in Traverse City. He was one of the progressive and influential citizens of Grand Traverse county during the long years of an essentially active and productive business career, and he did much to further the development and upbuilding of Traverse City, where he likewise manifested a lively interest in civic affairs. He was generous and charitable and was always ready to aid those in misfortune or distress, the while both he and his wife were zealous members of the Congregational church. Mr. Greilick was an uncompromising advocate of the principles of the Republican party and was long one of its influential representatives in Grand Traverse county. Of the seven children in the family, Clarence L., of this review, was the firstborn; Ernest W., is vice president of each the Traverse City Chair Company and the J. E. Greilick Company, the latter of which perpetuates the name of the honored father; Amy is the wife of Claire B. Curtis, of this city; Frances is the wife of Albert J. Haviland, assistant cashier of the Traverse City State Bank; Arthur is a member of the United States Navy and is serving on the battleship "Tennessee"; Edna died in childhood, and Josephine, who still maintains her home in Traverse City, is at the present time, I914, a student in the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music, in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio. Clarence Leroy Greilick is indebted to the public schools of Traverse City for his early educational training.. At the age of eighteen years he became associated with the operation of his father's planing mill, and he learned the business in all its practical details, besides familiarizing himself with its administrative policies, his apprenticeship having been as thorough as would have been that of any youth not a son of the proprietor of the establishment. In I908 Mr. Greilick effected the organization of the Traverse City Chair Company, of which he became the executive head, and after the death of his father, in consonance with a wish shortly before expressed by the latter, he brought about the incorporation of the J. E. Greilick Company, of which he has since been the president. He has shown marked ability and discrimination in the upbuilding of these valuable industrial enterprises and both as a citizen and business man has well upheld the high prestige of the family name, which has been long and prominently identified with the history of Traverse City. Mr. Greilick has shown especially deep interest in educational affairs in his home city, where he has served as a member of the board of education, in which body he has held membership on a number of the most important committees. His liberality and intrinsic public spirit were further shown through his loyal representation of the Second ward as a member of the first board of aldermen of his native city. His political allegiance is given to the Republican party, and in the Masonic fraternity he has received the chivalric degrees, as a member of the local commandery of Knights Templars, besides which he is affiliated with the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, the Maccabees and the Elks. He supports the Asbury Methodist Episcopal church of Traverse City, his wife being a zealous communicant of the same. In earlier years Mr. Greilick showed his appreciation of the unexcelled attractions of northern Michigan as a sportsman's paradise, by becoming an ardent fisherman and hunter of small game, and at the present time he finds his chief recreation in automobile tours. The beautiful family home, situated on Grand Traverse Bay, in the western division of the city, is known as a center of gracious hospitality.

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Page  1793 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1793 In 1892, at Traverse City, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Greilick to Miss Anah McCool, who was born in the State of Indiana, and they have three children-J. Edwin, Agalia, and Leroy. KIRKE LATHROP. Secretary-treasurer of the Michigan United Railway Company, Kirke Lathrop has been identified with electric transportation and other public facilities in Michigan for the past fourteen years. Mr. Lathrop represents an old American family of colonial stock, is a native of Detroit, and has a broad and diversified experience in affairs both in this country and abroad. Kirke Lathrop was born in Detroit, September 12, 1873. His father, Dr. Henry Kirke Lathrop, born in Michigan in 1849, was for many years engaged in the successful practice-of dentistry in Detroit. He was a graduate of a dental college at Cincinnati, Ohio, and has for many years been regarded as one of the ablest men in his line in Detroit. Dr. Lathrop's father was Henry Kirke Lathrop, Sr., who was born at West Springfield, Massachusetts. The latter was a son of Solomon Lathrop, who held the degree of Master of Arts from Yale College, and who established the family in Michigan in 1837, where he rose to the rank of one of the leading pioneer lawyers of the state. The ancestry is English. The Rev. John Lathrop, M. A., came from England to America in I634, and some representatives of the name were soldiers in the war of the Revolution and had also participated in the earlier colonial and Indians wars. Dr. Henry K. Lathrop married Miss Mary Woodward Gillett, a native of Torringford, Litchfield county, Connecticut. Her father, Rufus Woodward Gillett, was a prominent citizen of Detroit, vice president of the State Savings Bank and president of the Detroit Copper and Brass Rolling Mills, one of the early and important industrial enterprises of the city. Kirke Lathrop was educated in the Detroit public schools and the University of Michigan, graduating B. L. in I896. During the last year of his regular college work he studied law and continued in the law department until 1897. His studies were interrupted in order that he might accept the diplomatic duties of vice-consul and acting consul for the United States Government at Hanover, Germany. His official duties kept him abroad until I900, and in the meantime he had gained a broad knowledge of the German language and commerce and institutions, and his residence abroad was an admirable training for his business career. Since his return to Detroit in I900 Mr. Lathrop has been identified chiefly with public utility corporations both in Detroit and Grand Rapids. Besides his office as secretary-treasurer of the Michigan United Railway Company, he has at different times been identified with other business affairs. Mr. Lathrop is a member of the American Historical Association, of the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Society of Colonial Wars, and the Huguenot Society of New York City. He is also a member of the Detroit Club, the University Club, the Country Club, and the Lake St. Clair Hunting and Fishing Club, better known as the Old Club. At London, England, October 5, I90o, Mr. Lathrop married Miss Beatrice Elizabeth Proudlock, daughter of Marmaduke Proudlock, of Beresford House, Marten, Yorkshire, where the family is one of prominence and distinction. Mr. and Mrs. Lathrop have two children: Beatrice Anne Gillett Lathrop, and Mary Woodward Lathrop. MICHIAEL C. COYLE. Division superintendent of the Michigan Central Railroad and superintendent of the Detroit & Charlevoix Railroad at Bay City, Mr. Coyle has been in railway service since he was thirteen

Page  1794 1794 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN years old, has a splendid record of advancement from a position in the ranks, and belongs to a family of railroad men, his brothers occupying high positions in transportation circles. Michael Charles Coyle was born March 24, 1853, at Angelica, New York, a son of Bernard and Susan (Kilduff) Coyle, both of whom were natives of New York City. The father, who moved to Angelica in I831, was one of the pioneer merchants of that town, and continued in business in Alleghany county up to the time of his death, in I887, when sixty-nine years old. His wife died in I867, and both were laid to rest in Scio, Alleghany county. The elder Coyle was prominent in county politics, and for many years was identified with the militia organization. Until fifteen years before his death he was a Democrat, and thereafter equally strong as a worker in the Republican interests. There were eleven children, and six are deceased. Those living are mentioned as follows: Philip Coyle, who was prominent in railway service until I907, and has since been traffic manager of the St. Louis Business Men's Association in St. Louis, Missouri; Michael C., who is the second in age of those still living; Hugh Coyle, superintendent of the Grand Trunk Railway, with residence at Belleville, Ontario; Bernard Coyle, who is general freight agent of the Wabash Railroad at St. Louis; Margaret, wife of John Ragen of Corry, Pennsylvania; Susan, wife of James Keogh, of Rochester, New York. Michael C. Coyle grew up in Allegheny county, New York, attended the public, schools at Scio, and when thirteen years old became a messenger for the New York & Lake Erie Railroad. During his spare moments he learned telegraphy, and in a short time was promoted to the responsibility of a key. From 187I to I873 he served as train dispatcher for the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad, with headquarters at Toledo, Ohio, and from that time forward through forty years his promotions have come at steady intervals until he is well known among the leading transportation managers in the country. From 1873 to 1883 he was train dispatcher for the Canadian Southern, located at Detroit. From I883 to I888 he was dispatcher for the Michigan Central at Detroit, and from, the ist of April, I888, until September I, I894, was chief train master for that same line. Since December, I898, Mr. Coyle has been division superintendent of the Michigan Central, with headquarters at Bay City. On September I, I9IO, the additional responsibility was given him as superintendent of the Detroit & Charlevoix Railroad. Mr. Coyle has membership in the Masonic lodge of Detroit, and is a member of the Episcopal church. In politics he is a Progressive Democrat, and has hosts of friends not only in the railroad circles but among business men throughout the state of Michigan. He is an enthusiastic trout fisherman, and owns a fine summer cottage at Mullett Lake. His Bay City home is at I70I Sixth Avenue, at the corner of Hampton Place. On May 30, 1878, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Coyle with Miss Georgeana Wallace, who was born in Northumberland county, England, a daughter of James and Eliza (Rexby) Wallace. To their marriage have been born four children: Bernard Coyle, who is auditor for the St. Louis, Portland Company, at St. Louis, Missouri; Charles Coyle, yardmaster for the Michigan Central at Saginaw; Raymond, freight solicitor for the Michigan Central at Bay City; and Grace Coyle, at home. HON. JOHN WILLIAM BAILEY. There is no more interesting figure in the public life of Michigan than the Hon. John William Bailey, mayor

Page  1795 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1795 of Battle Creek, a leading legal practitioner and a resourceful and hardfighting Democrat whose indomitable courage, aptitude for organization and innate principles and character to dictate and permit only legitimate and honorable courses of action have given him state-wide fame and on frequent occasions brought his name favorably forward in connection with gubernatorial honors. During all the twenty-five years that he has kept in touch with political affairs of his native city, but more especially during the period from I909 to the present, nothing of victory has come easy to him as it does to many less worthy. A member of a party that is in the minority in his city, success with him has been synonymous with struggle at every step of the way. Yet, even among those of opposing political beliefs he has won friends and admirers, and the fact that he has never overlooked his supporters in his well-deserved victories and hard-earned successes has enabled him to encourage and retain his loyal and continually increasing following through any and all reverses. Mayor Bailey is a native of Battle Creek and has resided all his life in the comfortable home at No. 24 College Street. His father, Michael Bailey, was born in Ireland and came to the United States as a youth of fourteen years, settling in Battle Creek, where he met and married Catherine McCarthy, who had also been born on the Emerald isle. They commenced housekeeping on their wedding day in the family home on College Street, which Mr. Bailey had just built on two lots purchased from Judge Sands McCamly, one of the oldest pioneers of the city, who had taken up the land from the Government. For forty years Michael Bailey was in the employ of the Michigan Central Railroad, during the greater part of which time he was yardmaster at Battle Creek. He died in this city August 9, I889, while the mother passed away November 24, 1892. Their seven children are all still alive, as follows: Mary, who is the wife of Peter McLee, of Battle Creek; John William, of this review; Julia, who is a teacher of mathematics and English in the Battle Creek high school; George F., of Battle Creek; Helen B., who is the widow of the late Edward L. Murphy, of Marshall, Michigan, and the mother of four daughters; Catherine, who was principal of the Maple Street school in Battle Creek for several years and for three years principal of the United States Government schools at Ancon, Empire and Gorgona, Panama, Canal Zone, and who now teaches at Boise, Idaho; and Anne, a graduate of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, who also taught in the high schools of Battle Creek, Duluth, Minnesota, and Toledo, Ohio, and is now a teacher in the Central high school, of Detroit, Michigan. All the children graduated from the Battle Creek high school. The youngest member and valedictorian of the class of 1876, of the Battle Creek public schools, John W. Bailey early displayed his willingness to take his place among the world's workers in a humble capacity and to work his own way upward through individual effort. He was offered and accepted a position with the Michigan Central Railroad, where his duties consisted of drawing wood with one horse and piling it on a stand for use in the old wood-burning engines of that day. Later his fidelity, energy and cheerful performance of duty won him promotion to a position in the warehouse of the company, and he subsequently rose to the position of foreman thereof. From that time his consecutive promotions carried him through the positions of baggageman, ticketseller, cashier and chief clerk, and in 1883 he was appointed freight and ticket agent of the Battle Creek station, a position of some importance which he held until his appointment in I896 to the office of commercial agent of the Michigan Central lines at Toledo, Ohio, in which capacity

Page  1796 1796 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN he had charge of the freight business of the company and its fast freight lines at that point as well as the traffic from the Ohio, Indiana and Illinois territory and all points south. During all this time, however, he continued to maintain his residence in Battle Creek. A predilection for the law, which he had always fostered, but which, until now, he had been unable to gratify, caused Mr. Bailey to leave the railway service in I899 and enter the University of Michigan, where he was graduated in I902 from the law department with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He at once formed a partnership with George V. Mechem in the practice of his profession in Battle Creek, and this association continued until 1905, since which time Mr. Bailey has practiced alone. Mayor Bailey's connection with public life began in 1889, when he was elected a member of the Battle Creek school board, and following this he was re-elected for two more terms of three years each, but resigned during the last one when he went to Toledo in 1896. When he was first elected mayor of the city, in 1890, he was the youngest chief executive the city has had before or since that time, and on that occasion served one term. On his return to Battle Creek, after graduating with honor from the University of Michigan, a full-fledged corporation lawyer, he had decided to set aside politics for all time. He was unable, however, to withstand the continued and strenuous importunities of his own, the Democratic party, and his friends in the Republican party, and finally, in I909, allowed himself to become the nominee of the Democratic party for the office of mayor. In spite of the fact that Battle Creek is overwhelmingly Republican, after one of the most hotlycontested campaigns the city has known, he was again sent to the mayoralty chair. Here a peculiar condition of things was found to exist. The council was wholly Republican and frankly antagonistic, and it was predicted alike by friend and foe that the new mayor could be but a figure-head in the management of the municipality. Mayor Bailey, however, while.inheriting the usual Irish sympathy, responsiveness, humor and imagination, also possessed the qualities of alertness and courage for which that race is noted, and was not long in asserting himself. "Having been elected mayor," he stated, "I intend to be mayor," and forthwith went about to prove it. From that moment forward, until the mayor had the reins of government well in hand, proceedings in municipal affairs were of a distinctly stormy character and attracted widespread interest all over the state. At that time the mayor whose term had not yet expired, Charles C. Green, a Republican, was in South America, and Alderman L. G. Nichols, president of the council, was acting mayor. Custom dictated that such a condition maintain for two weeks before Mr. Bailey should appear in the crowded council chamber and, in the midst of a great celebration, assume the mayoralty. Mayor Bailey's eagerness to be doing something, however, was shown in his precipitating himself into the mayor's office before the first meeting of the council, and his act of forcing a Republican, City Recorder Thorne, to swear him into office, was eminently characteristic of the man. The Republican aldermen, taken thoroughly by surprise and at a loss for a course to take, were compelled to allow themselves to be sworn in in the same manner, one by one, and the annual inaugural show was canceled. In his determination to gather about him strong, reliable and practical men to assist him in advancing the efficiency of' the'city service, Mayor Bailey appointed Dr. Eugene Miller, a Democrat, to the office of health officer, but the latter was immediately rejected by the Republican council, and Mr. Bailey subsequently named Dr. A. S. Kimball, a

Page  1797 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1797 Republican, who at that time was in Europe, studying medicine. Doctor Kimball was accepted by the aldermen, and the chief executive immediately named Doctor Miller as "temporary" health officer, thus gaining his first point. His next appointment was Elza Shoup for street commissioner, but this Democrat was also rejected by the council, the aldermen advising that Charles Caldwell, chairman of the Republican city committee, be retained in that office. This Mr. Caldwell did until he found that without the mayor's signature he could not collect his salary, nor the wages for the men he hired, and when the mayor preferred charges of graft against him and started to prove them, Mr. Caldwell resigned under fire. The mayor at once appointed Mr. Shoup to fill the vacancy, an appointment which did not require the council's confirmation. Further complications were not long in coming. In the election of Mayor Bailey a Republican alderman, F. H. Starkey, had played a leading part. Mr. Starkey had desired the Republican nomination for the mayoralty and had been defeated by Mr. Jacobs, who at the election was in turn beaten by Mr. Bailey. For some time Mr. Starkey was the new mayor's only support, but subsequently, when he tried to dictate to Mr. Bailey, their friendship was broken and Mr. Starkey assumed the position of "opposition leader." Numerous encounters ensued, and eventually one evening in the council chamber, when Mr. Starkey became particularly pugnacious, the mayor ordered his removal. Police Captain McCarthy obeyed the order, and when Mr. Starkey again entered the council room he was cowed to some extent, but once again became offensive in remarks and marfner, and the mayor instructed Chief of Police Farrington, a Republican, to eject the alderman. On the chief's refusal to obey instructions he was at once suspended for ten days, whereupon the police commissioners, whose co-operation the mayor had not bothered to enlist, became angry and began to make threats, none of which materialized, however. Chief Farrington remained suspended for ten days, and upon his return assured the mayor that in the future his orders would be promptly obeyed. Mr. Starkey started proceedings for $Io,ooo damages against the mayor and Captain McCarthy, but the suit was ridiculed by the general public and was finally dismissed. Some of the most bitter opposition to Mr. Bailey, both during his campaign and after his election, came from the Battle Creek Journal, but the mayor capably replied to its attacks in his message to the council and forced the newspaper to print his replies under its contract to print the council proceedings. As a result of Mr. Bailey's attack upon the Journal, in his message, that paper at one time had libel suits against him aggregating $Ioo,ooo, all of which were gladly dismissed when the mayor declared he would prove the truth of his statements. Throughout his administration the mayor was forced to meet and overcome attacks and opposition in every form, but in every instance proved himself equal to the occasion. He did not dare to leave the city for fear a council meeting would be held without him, and for this reason was unable to accept invitations to banquets outside of the city, including one held at Detroit by the Democrats of Wayne county, in which he was to share the platform with ex-Governor Folk and other notables of the party. From the first to the last, however, he carried out the promises made by him, and his record in office is one worthy of the man and his nature. Among his achievements may be mentioned the liquidation of $65,00o overdraft and overdrawn accounts; the raising of the wages of all men and teams; the building of more sidewalks; the putting in of more pavements, the building of more sewers

Page  1798 1798 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and the laying of more water pipe than in any previous two years in the history of the city. The tax rate was not increased, yet in spite of this at the end of two years there was in the; city treasury $87,000 cash, a larger sum than the combined total amount left by outgoing mayors during the previous twenty years. Such a record speaks for itself. Mr. Bailey thoroughly impressed upon the people of Battle Creek that he was mayor, and his reputation spread so rapidly throughout the state that he would have undoubtedly been the choice of the Michigan Democracy for the governorship of the state in I912 had he consented to the use of his name. For business reasons, however, he has steadfastly declined to become a candidate for that high office. In 19II Mayor Bailey was elected a member of the commission to revise the charter of his native city. The commission, at its first meeting, elected him its chairman, and the charter was written and adopted at the-spring election of I913. At the same election Mr. Bailey was again re-elected mayor of the city and although Battle Creek was strongly Republican he only lacked nine votes of having a majority over all three opposing candidates, he having been opposed by a straight Republican, a Progressive and a Socialist. The result of this election showed the mayor's popularity to be so great that at the charter election, one month later, he had no opposition, and accordingly for the fourth time became mayor of his native city. Under Mayor Bailey's administration, the commission form of government has been inaugurated and has been successfully carried forward during the past year. As was freely predicted by Battle Creek citizens, the mayor at once became the strongest and dominant figure in the commission, and has continued to handle all matters with the care and good judgment which have always characterized his each and every service and which so well please the great majority of the people of the city in which he has spent his life. Mayor Bailey has always resided in the family home on College Street. Should he so choose, he could have a more pretentious dwelling, but it has been his pleasure to live in the same quiet, unostentatious manner that characterized the lives of his revered parents. His offices, at Suite No. 309 Ward Building, are the finest in the city. Mayor Bailey is prominent in club life, having been third president of the Athelstan Club, an office he held five years. During his incumbency of that office the Athelstan and Nepenthe Clubs were consolidated into a larger and stronger organization. He also holds membership in the Country Club, and in the line of his calling is connected with the County and State Bar Associations. His career in every respect has been one of noteworthy accomplishment, and as he is still in the vigor and fullness of life he should fulfill his many friends' predictions that he will go much further and higher. Mayor Bailey was married July I4, I9IO, to Miss Lillian May Cobb, who, like her husband has spent her whole life in Battle Creek, where she is widely known, a daughter of M. W. and Eva May Cobb. On June 6, I912, was born an eight-pound son, John William, Jr., a strong healthy lad, whose career, if he follows the wishes of his parents, will be spent in the legal profession. On March 5, 1914, the mayor and Mrs. Bailey were blessed with another eight-pound boy, William Van Antwerp, who, his proud parents insist, is the equal of John in every particular, and with whom, they predict, will form a pair hard to beat when they stand together in future years. HON. CASSIUS L. GLASGOW. The name of Cassius L. Glasgow has been associated with the business and official interests of Michigan for more than thirty years, and during this time his achievements in the

Page  1799 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1799 commercial world and the important positions of trust which he has filled have been such as to place him among the front rank of those who have succeeded in establishing and maintaining a high standard of business ethics. Mr. Glasgow was born on his father's farm in Allen township, near Jonesville, Hillsdale county, Michigan, February I6, 1859, and is a son of William and Eliza (Glasgow) Glasgow, natives respectively of Scotland and Ireland. The two families, although bearing the same name, were not related. The parents came to America about the same time, and were here married. The two years following his arrival in the United States were passed by the father in a large packing house in New York City, and succeeding this he was for two years general manager of a farm operated by a contractor in connection with the state prison, at Albany. He came to Michigan and settled in Hillsdale county at a time when that part of the state was still undeveloped, and, there being no railroads this side of Toledo, he walked through from the Ohio city to his new home. Here for a number of years Mr. Glasgow was engaged in farming, and through a life of industry and energetic effort succeeded in the accumulation of a valuable farm in Allen township, upon which both he and his wife passed the remaining years of their lives. Cassius L. Glasgow was given good educational advantages in his youth, attending the district schools of Allen township, the Jonesville Union school and Hillsdale College, and remained on the home farm until embarking upon a career of his own as a clerk in a hardware store at Jonesville. Like many young men of his day, he was seized with a desire to view the western country, and after traveling to various points located at Sioux City, Iowa, where he entered a wholesale hardware store as assistant bookkeeper and billing clerk. One year later the serious illness of his mother caused him to return to his home, and being the youngest and only unmarried member of the family he was prevailed upon to remain in Michigan. Mr. Glasgow came to Nashville in I88I, and here purchased the hardware business of C. C. Wolcott, to the operation of which he has since devoted a large part of his attention, building up one of the leading enterprises of its kind in this part of the state. A furniture business was added to this venture in I896, which has also proven a decided success, and the concern now handles a full line of hardware, furniture and farming implements. A man of the strictest integrity, Mr. Glasgow has established an enviable reputation for honorable and straightforward dealing, which has caused him to be held in high favor by his fellow-business men in all parts of the state. Some years ago, the implement dealers of Michigan formed as an association, but the affairs of this organization were poorly handled, and two or three years later it was dissolved. About 1904 a new association was formed at Iansing, and at its inception Mr. Glasgow was honored by election to the presidency, being re-elected to that office for two successive terms thereafter and serving in the directing capacity for three years. He has been a director ever since, and during all this time has served as chairman of the legislative committee. Various other honors have come to him because of his known honesty and administrative and executive powers. In I908 he was elected president of the National Federation of Retail Implement and Vehicle Dealers, and was re-elected for a second term, the first time in the history of this "Supreme Court" of all the state organizations, although the policy has since been followed. The National Federation does effective work in the settlement of disputes between dealers and manufacturers, as to prices, terms, discounts, territory and warranties, and although it does not attempt to regulate prices, demands that they be uniform to all dealers. It was this organization which insisted

Page  1800 1800 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN that carriage manufacturers should not discontinue warranties on wagons and other vehicles, although the National Association of Vehicle Manufacturers had so decided. Reared in a Republican atmosphere, Mr. Glasgow has always been an enthusiastic and active worker in the ranks of his party. His disinterestedness is known to all political workers, and he has never been a seeker for personal preferment. He twice served as president of his village, once by appointment and once by election, without an opposing candidate, and at the senatorial convention, held in the fall of I902, he was unanimously chosen by the delegates as candidate for the office of senator of the Fifteenth Senatorial District, comprising the counties of Barry and Eaton. On the floor and in the committee rooms, his record was such that he was unanimously nominated two years later to succeed himself for a second term. There his high abilities, both as a statesman and an orator won him the presidency of the senate, an office in which he won the approbation of every member of that distinguished body. The following is taken from the Michigan Tradesman, of June 3, I914: "Prior to 1907 the office of State Railway Commissioner had always been held by a man who was simply a creature of the railroads, which contributed a fixed sum to the campaign expenses of a candidate for Governor with the distinct understanding that they would be permitted to name the Railway Commissioner. The first time Governor Warner was a candidate, he submitted to this dictation; but in his second campaign he broke away from this long-established custom and kept himself free from the domination of the railroads. For some years prior to this time the business men of the State had gradually come to the conclusion that the public had rights which should be considered as well as the railways. This agitation found expression in a popular campaign in behalf of the appointment of Mr. Glasgow, who was universally conceded to be the best qualified man in Michigan to deal with both sides at issue fairly and dispassionately. Mr. Glasgow was appointed by Governor Warner January 15, 1907, and soon came to be regarded as an acknowledged authority on transportation matters. When Governor Osborn was elected he paid him the highest possible compliment he could confer by sending for him and saying: 'The courts have stated that interim appointments must be confirmed and I want you to, know that you are the only interim appointment of my predecessor that I desire shall remain and to that end I am going to appoint you to your position and make sure of it.' He has, therefore, during his term been appointed three times and by two Governors, whether necessary or not. He assisted in drafting the bill creating the Railroad Commission some time later. He was chairman of the Commission during the six years following and during the entire time the work of the Commission was getting started and while the Legislature from session to session added to the work of the Commission, by giving it jurisdiction over express, water power, electric light, telephone companies and over the issuance of stocks and bonds. The election of our present Governor made the Commission, by the appointment of new members, Democratic, when he resigned the chairmanship in favor of Mr. Hemans. Mr. Glasgow was urged to enter the Congressional race in his district two years ago, and again this year, but refused to permit his name to be used either time. The pressure may ultimately become so strong that he will have to yield. If he ever does, his friends will see to it that he is safely elected and all who know him are satisfied that he will make his mark in Congress." Mr. Glasgow was married in I882, at Jonesville, to Miss Matie C. Miller, who was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, and came to Michigan with her parents, her father dying here, while her mother still survives.

Page  1801 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1801 Mr. Glasgow is a popular member of the local lodges of the Masons, Knights of Pythias and Maccabees, and has friends in every walk of life. HON. ABRAHAM T. METCALF, D. D. S., was born February 26, 1831, in Whitestown, New York, and is a representative of a family that has been conspicuous in New England history from an early period in the seventeenth century. His ancestors were English dissenters who sought a home and religious liberty in the New World. The early education of Dr. Metcalf was acquired in an academy in his native town, after which he entered upon an apprenticeship as a worker in sheet metal. He came with his father's family to Battle Creek, Michigan, in I848, but remained only a few months and then returned to New York in order that he might take up the study of dentistry in Utica. After his preparation for the profession he began practice, in which he was very successful, and continued in the east until I854, when he visited his father in Battle Creek. At the solicitation of Governor Ransom, who desired his professional counsel, he went to Kalamazoo, Michigan, where he took up his abode in I855. His patronage almost immediately reached extensive as well as profitable proportions, but close application to business and the climate proved detrimental to his health, and he was obliged to seek rest and recuperation. In 1857 he went south to New Orleans, where he rapidly recovered, and then formed a partnership with D. A. P. Dostie, a dentist of that city. After Gen. Butler entered that city, Dr. Dostie was made collector of the port, and he was afterwards made a member of the Constitutional Convention, for his acts in which body he was shot down and killed on the streets of New Orleans. Dr. Metcalf spent the summer months in Kalamazoo, but the winter seasons were spent in the south, where he continued until the outbreak of the Civil war. Dr. Metcalf was a close and earnest student of the problems which aroused the interest of the country prior to the war, and his sympathy was with the Union cause, not hesitating to express his ideas as to the questions at stake. In the spring of I86I, soon after Louisiana had passed the ordinance of secession, the Doctor was imprisoned for treason against the state, and this was the first arrest made upon this charge in New Orleans. The affidavit solemnly stated that the good doctor had "uttered seditious language against the government, saying that, if he were in Lincoln's place, before a single state should be allowed to go out of the Union, he would burn the city of Charleston to the ground and drown the city of New Orleans with the water of the Mississippi river; and other incendary language." He was released from prison on the authority of the attorney general of the state. In his professional career Dr. Metcalf attained distinguished honor and success. He was instrumental in organizing the Michigan State Dental Association in I855, and was the first secretary of that body and several times the president and later the historian. He secured from the Legislature the first appropriation for the dental department for the University of Michigan, a college that stands second to no dental college in the world. He was also mainly instrumental in securing the passage of the law creating a State Board of Examiners in dentistry and was the first president of the board and a member thereof for several years. He invented the dental engine and the first device of this kind ever made he placed on the market. He also invented the dentists' annealing lamp, which was invaluable to the profession previous to the introduction of adhesive gold foil. He was also the first to introduce the preparation for filling teeth known as sponge gold, and with his brother invented the tinman's pattern sheet which is an indispensable

Page  1802 1802 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN guide to workers in sheet metal. In 1872 the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery was conferred upon him by the New Orleans Dental College, and thus in the city in which he had once suffered imprisonment because of his loyalty to honest convictions, he was later honored by a leading collegiate institution. At the time of his removal to Battle Creek, in I890, he retired from active practice and has since given his attention to real estate interests and to the management of several valuable estates. He has done considerable building and contributed largely to the development and improvement of Battle Creek. On June 25, I857, Dr. Metcalf was married to Miss Helen E. Noble, daughter of Hon. Alonzo Noble, one of the prominent pioneer settlers of this city. She was born in Milton township, Vermont, March 27, I834, and was brought by her parents to Battle Creek, Michigan, in 1836, and here she acquired her early education, which was supplemented by a course of study in the Ladies' Seminary, of Rochester, New York. Following her father's death, she and her husband came to Battle Creek to care for her mother. They had but one child, Alonzo T. Metcalf, who was a very bright boy, but died suddenly of rheumatic fever when but fourteen years of age. Mrs. Metcalf, because of her culture, refinement and kindly spirit, became a leader in social and church circles of Battle Creek. She was very prominent in the society of St. Thomas' Episcopal church, and her life was largely filled with generous deeds, it being noticeable that she rarely, if ever, spoke ill of others, always putting a most charitable construction on the motives of those with whom she associated. She died in Los Angeles, California, February 26, I898, and, her remains were brought to Battle Creek for burial. As a tribute to her worth and beautiful womanly character, the various municipal offices of the city were closed on the day of her funeral from two until five o'clock. Dr. Metcalf is a member of the St. Thomas' Episcopal church, although for a number of years he was a vestryman of St. John's church, of Kalamazoo, and after his removal to this city continued as vestryman here, and is now senior warden emeritus of St. Thomas' church. In Masonic circles, Dr. Metcalf is recognized as a leader throughout Michigan, and is the highest Mason in the United States at this time and has.been since the death of Gen. Samuel C. Lawrence, of Boston, Massachusetts, who died during I9II. Dr. Metcalf, who is now a member of the Supreme Council for the Northern Jurisdiction, was made a Master Mason, November 26, I856, in Kalamazoo Lodge No. 22, F. & A. M., and quickly advanced in the organization until I86I he was made worshipful master. He was re-elected in I862, in I863 and again in I869, and in 1887 was demitted with others from Kalamazoo Lodge for the purpose of reviving Anchor Lodge of Strict Observance No. 87, and in February, I888, was made the first worshipful master under the restored charter. Soon after his removal to Battle Creek, a new lodge was formed and named in his honor, A. T. Metcalf Lodge, No. 419, of which lodge he became the first worshipful master. Ile was chosen junior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Michigan, in January, 1862, and re-elected in 1863, and was elected right worthy grand warden in 1864-65. He was elected deputy grand master in I865, 1867 and in I868, and became grand master in I869 and re-elected in 1870. He succeeded to this office at a critical period in the history of the Michigan Grand Lodge. The many strong and determined acts which he performed during his first year to correct the loose habits into which some of the lodges of the state had fallen, aroused marked antagonism on the one hand and remarkable appreciation on the other, and his position and attitude were sustained by the Grand Lodge in -the face of all efforts

Page  1803 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1803 to the contrary. In Capitular Masonry, he held several offices, having been elected high priest of Kalamazoo Chapter in I86i and again in I868. His identification with Chivalric Masonry began in I860, when he was made a Knight Templar in Peninsular Commandery No. 8, Kalamazoo. He served as eminent commander in I868, I869 and I882, and in I892 was demitted to Battle Creek Commandery, No. 32, K. T., and was elected commander of the latter about the same year. He is an officer of Zabud Council, R. & S. M., of Battle Creek, and has been an active representative of the Scottish Rite for many years. In I866 he was elected commander in chief of DeWitt Clinton Consistory, and was re-elected each succeeding year up to and including I870. He is now and has been for a number of years an active member of Supreme Council of Sovereign Grand Inspectors General for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the United States, and for six years was district deputy for Michigan. He has attained an honor accorded few representatives of the craft, that of being a thirty-third degree Mason. In politics Dr. Metcalf has held prominent positions. As a member of the Democrat party, he was elected to the board of trustees in Kalamazoo, and was chosen president of that village by popular suffrage in I897. He represented the second district of Kalamazoo county in the State Legislature in I875-76. After his removal to Battle Creek, he was elected mayor of the city in I897, and many of his friends in both parties consider him one of the best mayors the city ever had, his efforts being among progressive and practical lines, which would prove of the greatest good to the greatest number. A clean and well spent life has left him sound in body and mind at the age of eighty-two years, and much of his good health he attributes to out-of-door exercise, even the coldest days of winter finding him taking his long walks. His is a familiar figure on the streets of Battle Creek, where he is accorded the respect and esteem due those whose activities have served to advance their community's interests, and he is universally regarded as one of Battle Creek's foremost citizens. WILLIAM J. SMITH. It would be difficult to find, even were a search to be made throughout the length and breadth of Southern Michigan, an individual whose personality has been more strongly impressed upon the financial and political interests of this section than has that of \Villiam J. Smith, vice president of the Old National Bank, of Battle Creek. A man of firmness, force of character, indomitable energy and executive ability-potent agencies for advancement of men to important stations in life-his management of men and affairs has won for him a reputation that extends far beyond the limits of the state, while his connection with political affairs has been such as to win him a position of almost national importance in the ranks of the Republican party. Mr. Smith is a native of Michigan, born on his father's farm in Charleston township, Kalamazoo county, October 26, I865, and is a son of John and Katherine (Joyce) Smith. The Smith family is of German extraction, and was founded in New England during the early colonization of this country. From that section the family moved to New York, where, in Genesee county, John A. Smith was born. He came to Michigan in I857, locating in Kalamazoo county, where he resided until I866, and in that year made removal to LeRoy township, Calhoun county, the balance of his life being spent there and his death occurring March 29, I891. Through industry, welldirected effort and straightforward dealing, he arose alike to material success and to a high place in the confidence of his fellow-citizens, who frequently elected him to positions of responsibility and trust in public

Page  1804 1804 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN life. Mr. Smith married Katherine Joyce, who was also a native of Genesee county, New York, and a daughter of John Joyce, a soldier of the War of 1812, who was of Scotch-Irish origin, the family having come to America at an early day in the history of the country. Mrs. Smith still survives her husband and continues to make her home on the old Calhoun county farm, a faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church, to which her husband also belonged. William J. Smith was a child of one year when brought to Calhoun county, and here he was reared to agricultural pursuits and to habits of honesty, integrity and thrift. The public schools of West LeRoy furnished him with his preliminary educational training until he was fifteen years of age, at which time he enrolled as a student in the Battle Creek high school, and after spending two years in that institution entered Albion College, where he took a course of three years. Following this he took a course in the Detroit Business University, and, thus well equipped for a business career, at the age of twenty-three years established the Exchange Bank, at Climax, Michigan, a business which he conducted successfully for a period of two years. At this time, however, his health failed, and he disposed of his interests and spent several months in recuperating in the South, but in the fall of I89o returned to the North and assisted in the organization of the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank, of Smith, Cole & Company, a private banking institution of Battle Creek, of which he acted as cashier until the spring of I898. In the meantime this enterprise had grown to be an important factor in the financial life of Battle Creek, carrying on a most extensive business and enjoying an unassailable reputation for reliability. The close confinement made necessary by his arduous duties, however, had once more undermined Mr. Smith's health, and he was obliged to lay aside all active business affairs for a time. When the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank was consolidated with the Old National Bank of Battle Creek, Mr. Smith was made a member of the board of directors, and in I906 he became vice president of this institution, a position which he has held most efficiently to the present time. Although not actively engaged in outside operations, he has various large manufacturing interests both here and elsewhere, and is the owner of considerable farming property, but regardless of his various interests he concentrates his energies on the affairs of the Old National Bank. For a few years Mr. Smith was a supporter of Democratic principles, but in 1896 he transferred his allegiance to the Republican party, and since that time has risen rapidly to an influential position in its councils. He has frequently been a delegate to conventions, but has never sought personal preferment, confining his activities to the directing end of political life. His acquaintance among the leaders of the party throughout the country is extensive and confidential and during the past eight years he has been a prominent figure in national affairs. He made the first canvass in Michigan for ex-President Taft, and during I912 w.S offered the management of the President's campaign in this state, but owing to the multiplicity of his business interests was forced to decline that honor. When the President made his famous trip throughout the country, it had been originally planned that there were to be but three stops in Michigan, the itinerary not including Battle Creek, but through Mr. Smith's influence the route was changed so as to include this city and smaller points in Michigan, the President speaking in Battle Creek September 21, I9II. Fraternally, Mr. Smith is connected with the Knights of the Maccabees and the Modern Woodmen of America, and his social connections include membership in the Athelstan and Country Clubs and the Sigma Chi college fraternity. With his family, he attends the Congregational church.

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Page  1805 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1805 On November 5, 1890, Mr. Smith was united in marriage with Miss Mary Lovell, daughter of Hon. L. W. Lovell, of Climax, Michigan, and to this union there has come one son, Wendell Lovell, born November I6, I892, a graduate of the Battle Creek high school, class of I90o, and now a member of the University of Michigan, class of I914, where he is completing a literary course. The home of the Smith family, at No. I6I Maple street, which was erected by Mr. Smith, is located in one of the exclusive residence districts of the city, and is a center of culture and refinement. Mrs. Smith has been active in social and charitable work, and is one of the best known members of the Women's League. Probably there is no man in Michigan who has a wider acquaintance among bankers or men in public affairs throughout the country, or who is more highly esteemed by them, than is Mr. Smith. He has been distinguished for his faithfulness and unselfish devotion to the interests of the banking institution with which he has been connected, but this is but characteristic of the man, for fidelity to trust and conscientious discharge of every duty have been, part and parcel of his nature. His life, on the whole, has been a happy and fortunate one; he has the esteem of his acquaintances and the affection of his friends; as much honor has been bestowed upon him as he has been willing to accept. Without being its slave, he has been diligent in business, which has prospered under his hand. Man can ask for no more. JOHN W. BEAUMONT. During thirty years of active practice as a member of the Detroit bar John W. Beaumont has gained a position respected for his attainments and his many successes in his profession, and is now at the head of the well known firm of Beaumont, Smith & Harris. John W. Beaumont was born at Elizabeth, New Jersey, July 20, 1858, a son of Wallace and Margaret (Belshaw) Beaumont. Educated in the public schools of New Jersey and Michigan, in I882 he graduated from the Michigan Agricultural College at Lansing with the degree Bachelor of Science, and then prepared for the law by study under private preceptorship. He was admitted to the bar at Saginaw in 1884, and his first practice was in that city. Since i886 Mr. Beaumont has lived in Detroit and followed a general practice in the state and the federal courts. All his time has been devoted to his profession. He served as judge advocate of the Michigan National Guard in I904-06. As a result of his membership in the Michigan Naval Reserve at the time of the Spanish-American war, he entered the regular service and was detailed for duty on the auxiliary cruiser Yosemite, and spent several months on board that vessel at Havana, Santiago, Porto Rico, and elsewhere in Cuban waters. In January, 1902, he shared in the bounty of fifty thousand dollars granted by congress to the crew of the Yosemite for the sinking of the Spanish vessel Antonio Lopez off the coast of Porto Rico. Mr. Beaumont is a member of the Detroit Bar Association, the Michigan State Bar Association and the American Bar Association, of the American Historical Association, the Detroit Club, University Club, the Detroit Boat Club, the Prismatic Club, the Grosse Pointe Riding and Hunting Club, the Green Bag Club, and also now a member of the board of control of Michigan Agricultural College, associations that indicate his varied professional and social activities and avocations. His marriage to Miss Alice Lord Burrows was celebrated'June 2I, I899. Mrs. Beaumont is a daughter of George L. Burrows, of Saginaw. JAMES HENRY MUSTARD. Although he is numbered among the more recent acquisitions to the Battle Creek legal fraternity, to which he attached himself in I907, James Henry Mustard is numbered among the Vol. IV-4

Page  1806 1806 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN leading representatives of his profession in the city, and as senior member of the firm of James H. and John A. Mustard represents a concern of recognized legal strength and is in control of a large and remunerative practice. In the political affairs of his adopted county he has also shown himself possessed of unusual capacity, an aptitude for organization, and the ability to use forces and men thus organized effectively, and at this time is chairman of the Republican city committee. A native of Seaforth, Ontario, Canada, born February 25, I880, Mr. Mustard is of Scotch descent, his father, Donald Mustard, being born in Edinburg, Scotland, and his mother, Catherine (MacDonald) Mustard, although a native of Glengarry, Ontario, was a daughter of Scotch parents. The parents of Mr. Mustard were married at Seaforth. Shortly after their marriage they settled at Midland, Michigan, where they have for many years been successfully engaged in farming. Donald Mustard is an influential Republican of his town and county. Of the four sons and two daughters, both daughters and one of the sons died in infancy; James Henry is the eldest; John A. was for seven years school commissioner of Midland county, at the end of that period resigning his office to come to Battle Creek and enter the practice of law in partnership with his brother, and Russell is a clerk in the Midland postoffice. After attending the public schools of Midland, where he was graduated from the high school in the class of I899, James Henry Mustard applied himself to teaching, a profession in which he made rapid advancement. On February 24, 1901oi, the day before his twenty-first birthday, he received the nomination for the office of school commissioner of Midland county, and in the election which followed was successful in defeating his two rival candidates. His first two-year term in that office proved so satisfactory to the people of the county that upon its expiration he was again elected, the office at that time having changed its term to four years. Mr. Mustard had always had a leaning toward the law, and during his service as school commissioner he assiduously devoted himself to his legal studies and every other week spent at Ann Arbor in the University of Michigan, with the result that he was graduated with the class of I906 and the degree of Doctor of Laws. When his term of office expired he came to Battle Creek, June 3, I907, and first occupied offices with D. C. Salisbury, over the Old National Bank, although they were not in partnership, and September i, I909, removed to No. 212 Ward Building. In 1914 was formed the firm of James H. and John A. Mustard, which occupies offices at No. 604 Post Building. Mr. Mustard is a valued and appreciative member of the Calhoun County Bar Association, and stands high in the regard of his professional brethren, is a man of sterling character and has achieved an excellent reputation as a lawyer, a man and a citizen. Since coming to Battle Creek Mr. Mustard has interested himself actively in Republican politics, and is directing the forces of his party at this time as chairman of the Republican city committee. His religious connection is with St. Philip's Catholic Church, and he holds membership in the Knights of Columbus. His social connection is with the Athelstan Club. Mr. Mustard was married at Mount Pleasant, Michigan, June 30, 1908, to Miss Blanch Garvin, who was born and reared at Mount Pleasant, and is a daughter of M. E. Garvin of that place. She graduated from the high school in 1898, from the Academy of the Sacred Heart, Mount Pleasant, in 1897, and from the Central State Normal School in I899. Mr. and Mrs. Mustard are the parents of one child: Margaret Catherine, born August 3, I913. The family home is located at No,. 211 Fremont street.

Page  1807 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1807 JOSEPH STRONG STRINGIIAM. For many years engaged in railway, mining and general engineering, at one time connected with the United States Engineer Corps, Mr. Stringham has had his headquarters in Detroit since I9oo, and for several years has been manager of the Monarch Steel Castings Company. Outside of his individual accomplishment, his record is interesting for the fact that he is a lineal descendant of some of the oldest American families, and his most famous ancestor was John Alden. Joseph Strong Stringham was born at Saginaw, Michigan, October 31, I870, a son of Joseph Stringham of Detroit and Pauline Janette Backus of Troy, New York. His genealogical descent from John Alden is traced by the following certified record: Joseph Stringham, his father, was born August 8, 1841, and died January 19, I9I0, and was married at Detroit September 14, I869. His parents were Henry T. and Sarah Jane (Strong) Stringham, who were married at Detroit, October 10, I839. Sarah Jane Strong was born September 5, 1821, at Rochester, New York, and died February 16, 1901. Her parents, John Warham and Mary Banks (Root) Strong were married September 12, 1808 (see Strong genealogy, 102-3). Mary Banks Root, just mentioned, was born September 16, I791, the daughter of Hon. Jesse and Rebecca (Fish) Root, of Hartford, Connecticut, who were married February 8, I789 (see Stile's Ancient Windsor II, 747), Rebecca Fish was born in August, I770, and died January 27, 1828. Her parents, Dr. Eliakam Fish, of Hartford, Connecticut, and Sarah Stillman, of Wethersfield, Connecticut, were married November I8, I769 (Stile's Ancient Wethersfield II, 671). Dr. Eliakam Fish, who was born February 2, I740, at Stonington, Connecticut, and died May 7, 1804, at Hartford, was the son of Nathaniel Fish, of Stonington, Connecticut, and Mary Pabodie, of Little Compton, Rhode Island. Nathaniel and Mary were married November 28, 1736 (Stile's Ancient Wethersfield II, 671; Dxter.'s Yale Graduates). Mary Pabodie was born April 4, 1711, at Little Compton and was the daughter of William and Judith Pabodie (N. E. Hist. I, 52; Genealogical Register III, 57; and N. E. Hist. Genealogical Register). William Pabodie, who was born November 24, I664, at Duxbury, Massachusetts, and died September 17, I744, at Little Compton, Rhode Island, was the son of William Pabodie of Duxbury and Little Compton and Elizabeth Alden of Duxbury, Massachusetts, who were married December 28, 1644 (N. E. Hist. Genealogical Register III, 57). Elizabeth Alden was born in 1622-23 at Plymouth and died May 31, 1717, at Little Compton. She was the daughter of John Alden of Plymouth, Massachusetts, and Priscilla Mullins (Molines) of Plymouth (N. E. Histy. Genealogical Register I I, 64). John Alden the famous character of the Plymouth colony, was born in 1599 and died at Duxbury September 12, I687. The Stringham family, according to the above record, was early settled in Detroit. Henry Ten Broeck Stringham (I815-I895) grandfather of the Detroit engineer, settled there in 1833, and was identified with several early Michigan banks. In I839 he married Sarah Jane Strong, daughter of John Wareham Strong, a well known Detroit pioneer. Joseph Stringham, father of the Detroit engineer, was born in that city August 8, 1841, while his wife, Pauline Janette Backus, who was a descendant of the Mann and Backus families, was born April IS, I841, at Troy, New York. Joseph Stringham, received his education in private schools and at Hamburg, Germany, and for many years was engaged in the insurance business. During the Civil war he saw service as a quartermaster. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church and

Page  1808 1808 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN in politics, a Republican. All three generations have been members of the Detroit Boat Club. Joseph Strong Stringham was educated in the public schools and at Dufferin College in London, Ontario, and at De Veaux College at Suspension Bridge, New York. His career began as a grocery clerk, followed by a clerkship with the old Flint and Pere Marquette Railway, later as inspector with the United States Engineer Corps, and for a time as clerk in an umbrella factory in New York City. Mr. Stringham, in 1893, was graduated from the Michigan College of Mines at Houghton. His work as an engineer has taken him into many different localities, and has been of a varied character with important responsibilities. I-e did work as an engineer in Colorado, California and British Columbia. During 1897 he was with the United States Engineer Corps, as engineer in charge of the rivers and harbors of Michigan, chiefly along the shores of Lake Michigan. During the Spanish-American war, Mr. Stringham served as a seaman with the United States Navy on board the "Yosemite," the vessel which carried the Naval Reserve, the record of which is a matter of pride to Michigan people. In 1899 Mr. Stringham surveyed the Isthmus of Darien for the United States Government, as one of the possible Canal Routes. From 900oo to 9I11 his work was as constructing engineer for the Solvay Process Company of Detroit, and since I912 he has been manager of the Monarch Steel Castings Company and vice president of the Detroit Seamless Steel Tubes Company. Mr. Stringham is a member of St. John's Episcopal Church at Detroit, is a trustee and vice president of Harper Hospital and a trustee of the Masonic Temple Association. In the Masonic fraternity he has attained high honors, having received the thirty-third degree of the Scottish Rite. On June 2, I9IO, at Port Huron, Michigan, he married Georgiana MacDonald. Her parents were Hilary and Hannah (Pontine) MacDonald. Mrs. Stringham was educated in the high school and is a graduate of the Farrand Training School of Harper Hospital. To their marriage has been born one daughter, Helen Strong Stringham, at Detroit, May 3, I912, and one son, Joseph MacDonald Stringham, at Detroit, July I5, 1914. IRA A. BECK. Whether considered from the standpoint of his professional achievements, from the viewpoint of progressive citizenship, or from the position he has attained in social and fraternal life, Ira A. Beck is a lawyer of pronounced character. Engaged in practice at Battle Creek since 1904, he has risen to a recognized position as a legist of broad and practical ability, thorough, determined, resourceful, alert and versatile, and his election to the presidency of the Athelstan Club is a substantial tribute to his standing as a man and a sterling citizen. Mr. Beck belongs to one of Michigan's old and honored families, and was born September 21, 1878, at Charlotte, the county seat of Eaton county, Michigan, his parents being John T. and Ella (Foster) Beck, natives respectively of New York and Michigan. His father was for many years identified with the agricultural interests of Eaton county, but is now living practically retired from active life, having an attractive home in the city of Charlotte. A citizen of integrity and public-spirit, he has at all times retained the confidence and respect of his fellow-citizens. Politically he is a stanch Republican, although he has not entered actively into the activities of the political arena. Ira A. Beck early displayed abilities far out of the ordinary when he graduated from the Charlotte High school when a lad of fourteen years,

Page  1809 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1809 in June, 1893, the youngest person ever graduated from that institution. He began reading law under Judge Horace S. Maynard, and after some preparation under the preceptorship of this able member of the Eaton county bar was admitted to practice in his native state in I899, being then just twenty-one years of age. In the meantime, in I896, he had been appointed register of the probate court of Eaton county, and this position he continued to fill until I90I. On his admittance to the bar, Mr. Beck became associated with Judge Maynard, in his native city, but in I90I went to Chicago, where he entered the offices of the prominent law firm of Flower, Smith & Musgrave, continuing therewith until January I, 1904, when he removed to Battle Creek after an experience especially valuable in the line of his calling. On his arrival in Battle Creek he formed a professional partnership with Arthur B. Williams, and during the five years of its existence the firm of Williams & Beck was regarded as one of the strong legal combinations of the city. Since this alliance has been dissolved Mr. Beck has continued in practice alone, and now maintains offices in the Ward Building. Mr. Beck's law practice has not been confined to any special or narrow field, but has been of a broad and general character, and his advice is sought by a number of the leading business interests of Battle Creek. Since coming to this city he has never omitted an opportunity to, do what he could toward the improvement of the municipality. Both on local and national issues he believes that the most good comes from a consistent support of the Republican party, and much of that organization's success in Battle Creek and Calhoun county may be accredited to his sterling efforts. Fraternally he is Grand Marshal of the Grand Lodge, F. & A. M. of Michigan, the stepping stone which leads by advancement to the office of Grand Master of the State, is past master of Battle Creek Lodge No. 12, past eminent commander of Battle Creek Commandery, No. 33, Knights Templar, and a member of DeWitt Clinton Consistory of Grand Rapids, and Saladin Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Grand Rapids. To his substantial and brilliant traits as a lawyer and his stanch character as a man are added the possession of the sociable and attractive qualities of the cultured gentleman, a union of characteristics which has raised him to his present enviable position as a lawyer and a citizen. He is president of the Athelstan Club and a member of the Country and Community Clubs, and he and his wife are members of the Independent Congregational Church. The attractive family home, a center of culture, refinement and hospitality, is located at No. 69 Garrison avenue. Mr. Beck was married March 21, I906, to Miss Mildred Phillips, who was born and reared in this city, a daughter of Dr. Albanus M. Phillips and Adella C. Phillips, the former for thirty years a leading dentist of Battle Creek, and the latter, for several years, the champion lady archer of the United States. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Beck: Margaret and Dorothy, Margaret having recently won the gold medal (awarded by the National Race Betterment Conference held in Battle Creek), for mental and physical proficiency, in competition with the six year girls of the schools of that city. ALBERT A. ARNOLD. The art of the horticulturist and landscape gardener has always been given its share of admiration by the world. Through it our parks have been beautified, the resting place of our dearest and most beloved friends has been created into a garden of loveliness, and our cities in general have been adorned through the artistic arrangement of private residence grounds and those of public buildings. In this connection is presented a review of the life of Albert A. Arnold, vice president of the Pontiac Nursery Company, whose ca

Page  1810 1810 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN reer is interesting, both because of the high place he holds in his calling and for the fact that he has risen thereto through his own unaided efforts. Albert A. Arnold was born May 12, 1883, at Dayton, Ohio, a son of Andrew and Katherine (Haynes) Arnold. The father in his early life had been a landscape gardener, but later turned his attention to stove moulding and thus continued throughout the active part of his career. He is now living retired and makes his home at Dayton, where the mother passed away. They were the parents of five children, of whom two are deceased, the others being: Howard and Sylvester, who are moulders and make their home at Dayton; and Albert A. Albert A. Arnold was given but few educational advantages, as the family were in modest circumstances and it was necessary that he contribute to their support. Accordingly, at the age of eight years, having shown a natural predilection for flowers and trees, he was put to work in the nursery of Hoover & Gaines, although he continued to prosecute his studies in the night schools. Three years later this firm failed, owing to a terrible blight which completely ruined them, and Mr. Arnold went to Xenia, Ohio, where he found employment with Gaines & McHeary, the receivers for the firm of Hoover & Gaines. He continued with this firm for four years, and then had one year's experience in the state of Georgia, where he put in an entire year at budding fruit trees. On his return to Ohio he located in the city of Cleveland and took charge of the Stores & Harrison Nursery Company, a capacity in which he continued for about a year and a half. By this time Mr. Arnold had become an expert in his chosen profession and his reputation was beginning to spread in the line of landscape gardening. Having early learned the value of a dollar, he had been of a saving disposition, and when he came to Pontiac, in I906, was able to purchase a block of stock in the Pontiac Nursery Company, which up to this time had been a partnership arrangement between W. W. Essig and a Mr. Buchanan. This business had been a failure financially, but was immediately incorporated, and through the energy and enterprise of Mr. Arnold, backed by his years of practical experience, soon was put upon a paying basis. Improvements to the extent of $I7,o000 have been put in since that time, and an inventory in the fall of 1912 showed $67,600o represented in stock, etc. The Pontiac Nursery Company, as incorporated in I9IO, has a capital of $I5,ooo, and its present officers are: W. W. Essig, president; Albert A. Arnold, vice president; and B. J. Monaghan, secretary and treasurer. The nursery grounds consist of 200 acres of finely situated lands, and the company specializes in landscape gardening, and rearing a full line of fruit trees, shrubbery, etc., the business of the firm extending over the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan, and from fifteen to seventy-five men being employed. Among the numerous works of art in landscape gardening done by Mr. Arnold may be mentioned the grounds of the Edison Company of Eastern Michigan, the new high school grounds and the waterworks of Pontiac, and all the landscape work along the St. Clair river. The company maintains offices in the Jones Building, Detroit. Mr. Arnold is a Democrat, but not a politician. He is a valued member of the Elks, and holds membership in Masonic Lodge No. 21, the Chapter and Council. Devoted to his profession, he has not even allowed himself a vacation in years, but when he feels that he can snatch a few hours of recreation, arms himself with his rod and goes to whip the streams in search of members of the finny tribe. He enjoys the companionship of his fellows, and being of a genial and likeable disposition has a wide circle of warm friends.

Page  1811 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1811 Louis E. STEWART. Through his able qualities as a lawyer and his stable, popular traits as a man, Louis E. Stewart, of Battle Creek, has rapidly progressed both in the development of a professional reputation and a profitable legal business since coming to this city in I902, and as senior member of the firm of Stewart & Jacobs is widely known in the field of general and corporation law. He is a native son of Michigan, born near Grand Rapids, Kent county, August 19, 1870, his parents being Henry W. and Adeline (Holden) Stewart. Henry W. Stewart, who was for many years engaged in farming in Michigan, retired from active pursuits during his last years, and passed away February 13, 19I3, at Braidentown, Florida. For eight years he served-in the capacity of sheriff of Antrim county, Michigan, to which office he was elected in 1882, and in his public capacity established an'excellent record for courage and fidelity to duty. Mrs. Stewart passed away in I883 in Antrim county, which had been the home of the family for eight years. After attending the public schools of Mancelona, Michigan, Mr. Stewart taught school for a time. He then learned the printer's trade at Bellaire, Michigan, but the following year resumed his studies and in 1894 was graduated from the Bellaire High school. His predilections drawing him into the broad and stirring domain of law, Mr. Stewart entered the legal department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, from which institution he was graduated in I896, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, and immediately thereafter located at Albion, Michigan. During the six years that he remained at that point he was successful in accumulating a handsome and profitable professional business, but in November, I902, desiring a wider field for his activities, came to Battle Creek, where, May i, 1904, he formed a partnership with Henry F. Jacobs. There is no firm in Battle Creek at this time that is a better exemplar of the restless yet substantial ability and the never failing resourcefulness of the rising lawyer of today than that of which he is an equal partner. The firm carries on a general law business, with some corporation practice, and has a representative practice among some of the city's leading business houses. Mr. Stewart has always been a stanch Republican in his political views, and since early manhood has been connected more or less actively with the affairs of his party. He was but twenty-one years of age when he was elected marshal of Bellaire, while in Albion served in the capacity of circuit court commissioner, was prosecuting attorney of Calhoun county in I907 and I908, and in I9II was elected a member of the Battle Creek board of education for a term of three years. He has been connected with various interests of a public nature. Always an adherent of temperance, in I909 Mr. Stewart managed the anti-saloon campaign in Calhoun county, which was successful, Mr. Stewart carrying the county for the "dry" element by ninety-nine votes, and which, for the first time in the history of the county, put every saloon in the county out of business for two years. Fraternally, Mr. Stewart is connected with Battle Creek Lodge No. 12, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Bryant Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star; the Modern Woodmen of America, of Albion, and the Knights of Pythias, of Battle Creek. He also holds membership in the Athelstan Club of this city, and with his family is a member of the Episcopal church. Mr. Stewart was married at Albion, Michigan, August 5, 1903, to Miss Clarissa Dickie, who was born at Hastings, Michigan, and was educated at Albion College, where she was graduated from its Conservatory. Her father, Dr. Samuel Dickie, M. S., LL. D., is president of that institution. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Stewart, namely: Mary, born at Albion, and Elizabeth, a native of Battle Creek. The

Page  1812 1812 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN family have an attractive residence at No. I92 Fremont street, where their numerous friends are invited on many pleasant social occasions. RICHARD H. BROWNE. Twenty-five years ago Mr. Browne began his career in Muskegon as a coal shoveler. Today he is president and general manager of the Browne-Morse Company, a corporation capitalized at a quarter of a million dollars, and whose manufacturing products are sent all over the world. Mr. Browne is still a young man, but has accomplished as much in a quarter of a century as would be creditable in a lifetime. Richard H. Browne was born in Ontario, Canada, November 23, 1872, a son of William H. and Elizabeth Howden Browne, both natives of Ontario. The father died in I894, and the mother in I9II. The grandfather, Alexander Browne, a native of Ireland, came to Canada, when a young man, and spent the rest of his career as a farmer. The maternal grandfather was Richard Howden, born in the north of Ireland, and coming to Canada in early years, also following the vocation of farming. William H. Brown during his active career was successfully engaged in insurance work. He held the rank of major in the Canadian Militia in the Thirty-Fourth Battalion. He and his family were Church of England people, and in politics he was a conservative. In the Masonic Order he belonged to the Lodge, the Chapter and the Council. There were five sons, and the four living are: Frederick, a groceryman at Toronto, Canada; Richard H. Alexander, who is foreman in a manufacturing plant at Oshawa, Ontario, and George, living in Brooklyn, Canada, and connected with the Canadian Department of Agriculture. Richard H. Browne had a public school education in his native province, and his higher learning was consigned to one week's attendance in the collegiate institute at Whitby. He was fourteen years old when he came to Michigan, and in September, I888, found a job shoveling coal for the gas company of Muskegon. His service with the gas company continued for fifteen years, and when he retired he was assistant general manager. For a time he was also one of the stock holders in the business. On leaving the gas company Mr. Browne became identified with the Howden and Company, steam fitters and plumbers, and with that concern learned the trade and also worked as office boy, bookkeeper and finally as general manager. In October, I907, Mr. Browne organized the Browne-Morse Company, with a capital stock of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars of which he is president and general manager. This company manufactures office filing devices and specialties. During I912 the company did an aggregate business of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and its connections have been so developed that the products are sent to all the chief commercial centers of the world. Mr. Browne is himself owner of the majority of stock in the company. In June, I9II, he married Emma D. Dratz, daughter of John D ratz, who for many years was a successful merchant at Muskegon. Mrs. Browne is a member of the Congregational church. Socially Mr. Browne's connections are with the Masonic Order, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and in the former he has taken the Knights Templar degree, belongs to the Consistory, and the Mystic Shrine. He has spent practically all his business career in Muskegon, and enjoys the high esteem of all the citizens, and has always interested himself in behalf of good government and civic improvement. For four years his services were given to the city as a councilman, and he was at one time candidate for mayor, being defeated by seventy votes. In politics Mr. Browne is for the man he thinks will give the best for the most of the people.

Page  [unnumbered] RICHARD H. BROWNE

Page  [unnumbered] Ai

Page  1813 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1813 JAMES E. FERGUSON, M. D. For more than twenty years Dr. Ferguson has been an active member of the Michigan medical fraternity, has had a broad range of experience, both as a private practitioner and in public service connected with his profession. Since I909 he has practiced at Grand Rapids, with offices in the Ashton building. Dr. James E. Ferguson was born July 31, I868, in Elgin county, Ontario, and was the oldest in a family of four sons and one daughter. Two of the doctor's brothers are physicians, and his sister married a physician. The parents, Dougal and Sarah (Shearer) Ferguson, were very prosperous farming people of Ontario. Both were natives of Scotland, whence they immigrated to Canada, and located in Ontario, where they became owners of a splendid farm of six hundred acres. Dougal Ferguson was a man of prominence in his community, and was elected to the Canadian Parliament. James E. Ferguson was reared in Canada, attended the grammar and high schools, graduating from the latter at the age of seventeen. For two years he pursued his medical studies at Montreal, and in 1899 entered the Detroit College of Medicine, where he was graduated M. D. in 1890. The first year and a half of his experience were in the Eastern Michigan Insane Asylum. For fifteen years he was in active practice at Belding, and in I909 established himself at Grand Rapids, where he now enjoys a large practice of representative order. In I907, Dr. Ferguson took a special course at the Chicago Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat College. On July 17, 1895, Dr. Ferguson married Katharyn Wilson, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Wilson of Port Huron, Michigan. They are the parents of two sons, Dougal E., now in high school, and James D., in the grade schools. Dr. Ferguson is affiliated with the Masonic Order, the Knights of Pythias, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, while his wife has membership in the Eastern Star. The doctor also belongs to the County and State Medical Society, and the American Medical Association. For ten years 'he served as United States Pension Examiner. He and his! family reside at 141 Auburn Avenue in Grand Rapids. JOHN C. REYNOLDS, M. D. The Michigan medical profession has been honored by the labors and achievements of some of the leading practitioners of the country, men who have won success and position through steadfast and devoted loyalty to the best interests and highest ideals of their chosen calling. The city of Battle Creek has been the scene of the activities of some of the most successful of this group of honored professional men, and foremost among them is found Dr. John C. Reynolds, who for thirty-two years has been engaged in practice here, winning constant recognition of his high abilities, especially in the special department of diseases of the head, throat and lungs. Doctor Reynolds is a Canadian, born near Port Hope, Province of Ontario, April 15, 1857, and was five years old when he accompanied his parents, Francis and Margaret (Kells) Reynolds, to Rochester, New York. His father early engaged in agricultural pursuits in Canada and became the owner of a handsome property, but his extreme kind-heartedness led him into signing notes for friends, who afterwards proved dishonest, and in this way lost about everything that he owned. In after years he frequently impressed upon his children the danger of signing their names to notes, and when on his death-bed, his last words to them were to that effect. Upon leaving his native land and coming to the United States, he started all over again in different lines of endeavor, and through energy and persistence became fairly successful. He re

Page  1814 1814 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN mained in New York from I862 until I865 and then came to Battle Creek, which city continued to be his home during the remainder of his life, his death occurring in 1885. Mrs. Reynolds survived until I9o8, when she passed away at the age of eighty-six years. They were the parents of five sons and six daughters, of whom four sons and one daughter are surviving at this time, as follows: Margaret, who is the widow of Ezra Kipp and resides at her residence on Adams street, Battle Creek; Frank, the first born, who is a resident of Pensacola, Florida; William, who maintains his home in Texas; John C., of this review; and Joseph W., who is a successful practicing attorney at Duluth, Minnesota. One brother, Thomas, was drowned at Battle Creek when twenty-one years of age. The early education of Dr. John C. Reynolds was secured in the public schools of Battle Creek, Michigan, to which city he was brought by his parents as a child of five years. He early displayed a marked inclination for the medical profession and when he was nineteen years of age began his medical studies under Dr. Austin S. Johnson, of Battle Creek, an able preceptor and helpful friend. Following this, Doctor Reynolds attended a course of lectures at the Pulte Medical College, in Cincinnati, Ohio, and from that institution received his diploma and degree of Doctor of Medicine, being graduated with the class of I882. He had already chosen his field of practice, and immediately opened offices at Battle Creek, which city has continued to be his field of endeavor and the scene of his successes to the present time. He has continued to be a student, spending a great deal of his time in research and investigation, and in I895 took a post-graduate course in the Chicago Homeopathic Medical College. His deep and thorough knowledge, his superior talent and his kindly, helpful sympathy have attracted about him a large general practice, but he has given special attention to the treatment and cure of diseases of the head, throat and lungs, a field in which he has won merited distinction. In the line of his calling, he is connected with the Michigan State Medical Homeopathic Society. Fraternally, he holds membership in A. T. Metcalf Lodge, No. 419, Free and Accepted Masons, and in the Commandery, Knights Templar; and is likewise a member of the local lodge of the Knights of Pythias. A stalwart Republican in his political views, he has served as alderman of the Fifth Ward for two terms, and his public service has been of a distinctively helpful nature. While the duties and responsibilities of his large practice have been very heavy, he has never been too busy to contribute of his time or services to the advancement of any helpful civic measure, and he is thus deserving of a place among the builders of the city. His career has been successful in a material way, and at this time he is the owner of a large amount of real estate, both business and residential, and has his home and office at No. I6 North Division street. The marriage of Doctor Reynolds occurred on August 5, I885, when he was united with Mrs. Elizabeth H. Briggs, a daughter of the late Major Hudson, who died at Paw Paw, Michigan, December I9, i88i. Dr. Reynolds has no children of his own, but is the stepfather of Mrs. Allene B. Wells,, of Detroit, who is the wife of D. Graham Wells. She is the daughter of Mrs. Reynolds by her first husband, whose full name was George Allen Briggs. Upon his death, his surviving widow married Dr. Reynolds. At the date of this marriage the daughter, Allene, was but three years old. Therefore Dr. Reynolds, from that date forward, was in every sense a father to her, and, in his own language, "She was to me the same as an own daughter." Mr. and Mrs. Wells are the parents of five children, namely: Martha E., Helen, Miriam, John A. and Ruth.

Page  1815 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1815 HERBERT PRITCHARD ORR, deputy state insurance commissioner of Michigan, and one of the state's well-known legists and influential citizens, is a native of Michigan and a representative of one of its pioneer families. Mr. Orr's father, Frederick H. Orr, was born at Tuscola, Tuscola county, Michigan, in 1859, the son of the late M. David Orr, M. D., who was a native of the Empire state, and one of the pioneer physicians of Tuscola county, Michigan, where he settled during the early days of the history of the state. Mr. Orr's mother was, before her marriage, Katie R. O'Kelly, and was born in the Province of Ontario, Canada, in 1856, a daughter of Ebenezer O'Kelly, who was a native of Grand Island, New York, and moved from that place to Canada and later to Michigan, being a pioneer of Tuscola county. The father, Frederick H. Orr, has been prominent in the public affairs of Tuscola county and Michigan for a number of years. He was elected on the Republican ticket to the office of county clerk of Tuscola county, and for several years filled the position of deputy collector of customs for the Port Huron District. Herbert Pritchard Orr was reared at Tuscola and his early education was secured in the public schools of that place, he being graduated from the high school in I9OI. Following this he adopted the law as his life vocation, entering the law department of the University of Michigan, from which he was graduated with the class of 1905 and the degree of Bachelor of Laws. During that same year Mr. Orr was admitted to the bar, and immediately entered practice and opened an office at Caro, Michigan, where he continued in the enjoyment of an excellent professional business until I909. In that year his abilities and acquirements were recognized by his appointment to the office of actuary of the State Insurance Department, an important office which he has held until November, I9IO, having been reappointed in 19I3 by the incoming commissioner of insurance, Hon. John T. Winship. Mr. Orr is a Republican in his political affiliation and has been stalwart in his support of that party's principles and candidates, but has won friends among men of all political denominations by his straightforward actions and earnest devotion to the best interests of the people of his state. He is well known in Masonry, being a member of Lansing Lodge No. 33, F. & A. M. He likewise is connected with the Knights of Pythias, belonging to Caro Lodge of that order. Mr. Orr was united in marriage with Miss Catherine M. Johnson, of Ann Arbor, Michigan, daughter of Leonard S. Johnson, and to this union there has come one son, Garrett Pritchard, born in I907. CARLISLE P. HULL. By his business and also through a wide personal and family relationship, Carlisle P. Hull is prominently known in Grand Rapids and Kent county. With his offices in the Fourth National Bank Building, Mr. Hull has developed a large business as a realtv broker and in addition to his local dealings is manager of the Crow Agency realty brokers, and agent for the Chicago Bonding & Surety Company. Another profitable connection is as agent of the Canadian Pacific Land Company, and looks after the interests of that company over four Michigan counties. Carlisle P. Hull was born at Ravenna, Portage county, Ohio, June I9, I866, a son of Calvin E. and Jennie L. (Eatinger) Hull. Calvin E. T-lull, who was born at LeRoy, Genesee county, New York, February 7, 1837, was a son of Philo and Emmeline (Vinton) Hull, the former a native of New York and the latter of Massachusetts. Grandfather Hull moved to Canada, and later became a pioneer in Michigan and died on his farm in Kent county, while his wife passed away in Grand Rapids. Calvin E. Hull was a child when his parents moved to Canada,

Page  1816 1816 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and in his fourteenth year he came to Kent county, Michigan, settling with his parents on a wild farm and growing up in the midst of pioneer surroundings. Besides his work as a farmer and stock raiser he learned the trade of stone-cutter and mason. A short time before the beginning of the war he went to Ohio and enlisted in Company I of the One Hundred and Fourth Ohio Infantry. His service was for three years, and he participated in many of the well known campaigns and battles of the western army, including Resaca, Franklin and Nashville. With the close of the war he returned to Ravenna, Ohio, followed his trade until I868. and in that year settled in Lowell, Kent county, Michigan, and in 1876 became a farmer in Lowell township. In I886 Calvin E. Hull retired with a competency, and since lived quietly in Grand Rapids, surrounded with the comforts of existence. Calvin E. Hull was married at Ravenna, Ohio, April 22, 1861, to Jennie L. Eatinger, who was born at Ravenna December I6, I844. Her parents were Samuel S. and Catherine (Mercer) Eatinger. Her father was the son of a German immigrant and was the second male white child born in Portage county, Ohio. Catherine Eatinger was born in Beaver county, Pennsylvania. Calvin Hull and wife became the parents of four children: Carlisle P.; Winslow C., an lonia county farmer; Rose A., wife of James A. Young; and S. Eugene. When Carlisle P. Hull was two years of age his parents moved in I868 to Lowell, Michigan, and that town furnished him his boyhood environment and its schools gave him his education until he was ten years of age. His father having moved out to a farm in Lowell township in 1876, the country then became his home until he was twenty years of age. Mr. Hull in I886 returned with his parents to Grand Rapids, and has been a citizen of that city ever since. During his early career as a farmer Mr. Hull learned the trade of engineer, millwright and builder, and those vocations furnished the basis for his career until I9II. In the meantime, however, for three years he had been engaged in the grocery business with his father at Grand Rapids. Since 191I Mr. Hull has devoted his undivided attention to the real estate business and his success in that line is indicated by his substantial connections and by the reputation which he bears in Grand Rapids for safe and reliable handling of all matters entrusted to his care. Mr. Hull is a progressive Republican, and is affiliated with Valley City Lodge No. 86, A. F. & A. M. He has been twice married. His first wife was Isabel Williams, and she left one child, Calvin E., born in Grand Rapids in I890. Mr. Hull's present wife before her marriage was Nellie M. McNally. EDGAR B. Foss has been a resident of Bay county for about forty years, and during this entire period has been connected with the lumber trade. Commencing in the humblest position, he mastered its many details and has continued in the business until he has attained at length a commanding position among the enterprising dealers and manufacturers of Bay City, and has shown himself able to hold it amid the strong competition which increasing capital and trade have brought to the city. His success is due alone to his energetic character and business capacity, for he began life without pecuniary assistance or the aid of family or other favoring influences. Mr. Foss comes of a family long represented in New England, of English extraction. He was born February 28, 1853, at Willimantic, Connecticut, and is a son of John and Sarah B. (Slade) Foss, natives of Massachusetts, the father being engaged in the mercantile business while the Slades were farming people. John Foss died when Edgar B.

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Page  1817 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1817 was still a small boy, but the mother survived for a long period, and when she passed away in 1907 had attained the ripe old age of eightythree years. The youngest of his parents' eleven children, Edgar B. Foss attained his education in the public schools of Woonsocket and Providence, Rhode Island, but faced the world when still a small lad, his first employment being as office boy in the office of Governor Henry Lippitt of Rhode Island. He was but fifteen years old when he came to Kawkawlin, Bay county, Michigan, and here secured employment in the office of Dexter A. Ballou, a lumber manufacturer, with whom he received his introduction to the business in which he was later to become such an important factor. After several years with D. A. Ballou he accepted a position with Van Etten, Kaiser & Company, lumbermen, as a traveling salesman, was subsequently with their successors, Van Etten, Campbell & Company, and George Campbell & Company, in a like capacity, and when the latter firm retired from business he ventured upon an enterprise of his own at Bay City. With a thorough acquaintance of the details of the business, gained at a period when so many young men are wasting their opportunities in frivolity and dissipation, he entered into the prosecution of his activities with an enthusiasm and tenacity of purpose which guided him safely over the first few years. His initial success bred confidence, and he soon broadened the scope of his opportunities, gradually reaching further and further until today he controls a comfortable share of the trade between Michigan and the Atlantic coast. He manufactures and handles white pine lumber, with saw mills in Canada, and planing mills and wholesale lumber yard in Bay City, handling about 50,000,000 feet annually, and owning large timber tracts in Canada and on the Pacific coast. In the Canadian mills he has about four hundred employes, including those in the woods; in Bay City he employs about two hundred and sixty men; and is also at the head of a coal mining company operating in Genesee and Bay counties, which employs the services of some four hundred men. His coal output aggregates about 200,000 tons annually. Mr. Foss' opinion upon matters connected with the lumber trade is influential with the members of the vocation, who regard him as thoroughly informed and have confidence in the soundness of his judgment. His opinions are often sought as a guide to their operations on occasions of doubt and uncertainty. In political matters a stalwart Republican, Mr. Foss was a presidential elector on the Roosevelt ticket in I904 and a delegate to the Republican National Convention in I908 which nominated William H. Taft for the presidency. He is a member of the Masonic order, belonging to the Blue Lodge, Chapter, Commandery, Consistory and Shrine, and is a valued and popular member of the Bay City Club. His religious connection is with the Congregational church. Mr. Foss was married in Bay City to Miss Elizabeth Fitzgerald, daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald, and to this union there have been born three children: Walter I., Edgar H. and Edith Hope. Essentially a home man, Mr.. Foss is never so happy as when in the midst of his family, but he also enjoys motoring and takes frequent trips to various points in his adopted state. His sturdy character and sterling qualities make him one of the representative men of Bay City, and his signal services to his community entitle him to be numbered among its most substantial builders. CHARLES STEWART MOTT. Mayor of Flint, president of the WestonMott Manufacturing Company, president and one of the incorporators of the Industrial Savings Bank, Charles S. Mott is one of the enterprising manufacturers who have made Flint conspicuous as a prosperous industrial center. A young man of remarkable personality, energy and

Page  1818 1818 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN capacity for business, while Mr. Mott is largely employed in the management and direction of a local industry regarded as a mainstay of Flint, he is at the same time identified intimately with the larger life and activities of the community. His business career has been one of consecutive growth since youth, when, in New York city, where he grew up, he was associated with his father, and eventually became identified with the Weston-Mott Company, which since transferred its enterprise to Flint. Charles Stewart Mott was born at Newark, New Jersey, June 2, I875, a son of John C. and Isabella Turnbull (Stewart) Mott. His father was born in New York and his mother in New Jersey. The father was a maker of cider and vinegar in New York state, and died at the age of forty-nine years. The mother is still living and resides at Glen Ridge. New Jersey. There were just two children, and the daughter, Edith Stewart Mott, is the wife of Herbert E. Davis of Glen Ridge, New Jersey. After an education in the public schools Mr. Charles S. Mott, in August, I894, when about nineteen years of age, went abroad and remained one year in the study of zymotechnology and chemistry at Copenhagen, Denmark, and in Munich, Germany. Subsequently, with the class of I897, he was graduated as a mechanical engineer from Stevens Institute of Technology at Hoboken, New Jersey. Following his technical education Mr. Mott went into business with his father in the manufacture of carbonators. The firm was known as C. S. Mott & Company. In 900o, a year after the death of Mr. Mott's father, the plant was moved to Utica, New York, and was merged and continued in the factory of the Weston-Mott Company, which had been organized in 1896 and of which Mr. Mott was already a director. The Weston-Mott Company manufactured as its chief output automobile axles, hubs, and rims. The business grew with phenomenal rapidity, and from the start was always on a most substantial footing. With the extension of business it became advisable to change locations in order to get nearer the center of the automobile world, and accordingly the firm was moved from Utica, New York, to Flint. Mr. Mott since February, 1907, has been prominent not only in the upbuilding of the Weston-Mott Company, but also in many business and semi-public activities related to the continued prosperity of this city as a commercial community. The Weston-Mott Company at Flint built seven large and commodious factory buildings, with an aggregate of four hundred thousand square feet of floor space, and all the buildings are of substantial brick construction and from one to three stories in height. The company is capitalized at a million and a half of dollars, and more than two thousand persons are on their payroll. No other enterprise in Flint is a more substantial pillar of prosperity than this company. Some years ago at Utica the original firm employed only about sixty hands. The products of the Weston-Mott Company are sold all over the world, and every process and detail of the manufacture has been refined to the highest point of efficiency so that the reputation for the goods is well deserved. Since coming to Flint Mr. Mott became one of the organizers of the Industrial Savings Bank, primarily as an institution for the benefit of the industrial community of which he is the head. This bank, of which Mr. Mott is president, is housed in a modern two-story brick structure opposite the factories at the corner of Hamilton and Industrial streets. and has a capital of one hundred thousand dollars with seventy thousand dollars surplus. Owing to the growth of the bank business it became necessary in the spring of I913 to open a branch bank in the F. P. Smith building on Saginaw street. Mr. Mott is also a director of the Genesee

Page  1819 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1819 County Savings Bank. Other interests in Flint include a position as director of the Flint Sandstone & Brick Company, secretary and treasurer of that company, a director of the Standard Rule Company, director of the Copeman Stove Company and of the Sterling Motor Company of Detroit, a director of the General Motor Company, and director of the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Company of Syracuse, New York. In the spring of I912, as an independent business man and without any particular brand of politics, Mr. Mott was elected to the office of mayor, and has shown what a capable business man, successful in private enterprise, can do towards making a larger and better city. lie has applied himself with great energy to the upbuilding of Flint, along the line of street improvements, better schools and better institutions generally, and has followed the policy of distributing the resources of the city's wealth without special advantage to any one section, it being a part of the fundamental policy of Mayor Mott that every quarter of Flint should receive equal benefit with every other section from the current revenues of the municipality. Mr. Mott has taken a prominent part in local Y. M. C. A. work and was chairman of the executive committee of the association and a leader in the recent campaign for the raising of one hundred and twelve thousand dollars to construct a new building. Mrs. Mott has manifested a similar activity in the affairs of the Young Women's Christian Association, and is prominent in club and church affairs. Among his earlier experiences, Mr. Mott in I898 joined the Navy and served through the Spanish-American war on board the United States Ship Yankee and also for six years was connected with the Naval Militia of New York. He is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Society of Automobile Engineers. In Masonry he has taken thirty-two degrees in the Scottish Rite, belongs to the Knight Templars and Mystic Shrine, and also has affiliation with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Loyal Order of Moose and the United Spanish War Veterans. His social relations are with the Flint Country Club, the Detroit Club, and outside of business his chief pleasures are in hunting and fishing. On June I4, I9oo, at New York City, Mr. Mott married Miss Ethel C. Harding, a daughter of Herbert B. and Aimee (Culbert) Harding of New York City. To their marriage have been born three children, as follows: Aimee Mott, born in Utica, New York, April I5, I902; Elsa Beatrice Mott, born in Utica November 14, 1904; and Charles Stewart Harding Mott, born in Utica November 4, i906. Mr. Mott owns a beautiful home at 423 East Kearsley street. MARTIN J. CAVANAUGH, a successful Ann Arbor lawyer whose practice has embraced a large scope, began his career in Washtenaw county more than a quarter of a century ago, and along with the solid accomplishments of a skillful lawyer has enjoyed the esteem paid to the publicspirited and useful citizen. Mr. Cavanaugh has associated with him in the practice of law, George James Burke. He represents an old family of Michigan, and was born on a farm in Manchester township, Washtenaw County, in I865, a son of Matthew and Mary (Daly) Cavanaugh. Both his parents were born in Ireland, and they had six children, three of whom are living: Martin J., the eldest; Thomas J., who graduated in law from the University of Michigan in I892 and is now engaged in practice at Paw Paw, Van Buren county, Michigan, and Mrs. Ellen Reilly of Washtenaw county. Martin J. Cavanaugh attended a country district school, later the high school at the village of Manchester until finishing in I883, and then entered the University of Michigan and was graduated Bachelor of Arts in

Page  1820 1820 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1887. His law studies had been pursued at the same time with his literary course, and in 1887 he passed the required examination and was admitted to the bar. The first year was spent in practice at Chelsea in Washtenaw county with Michael J. Lehman and since then in Ann Arbor. Mr. Cavanaugh is experienced in practically all classes of litigation and is noted among his associates for broad and conscientious work. He has held the offices of County Commissioner of Public School, Clerk of the United States Circuit Court at Detroit and was a member of the Constitutional Convention and took a prominent part in making the present constitution for Michigan. His services as president for many years of the Board of Education of Ann Arbor have contributed much to the continued usefulness and progress of the local public school system. On November 6, 1889, Mr. Cavanaugh married Miss Mary C. Seery. Their four children are Stella, Ralph, Camilla and Ruth. CHARLES DONALD THOMPSON, who has practiced law at Bad Axe seventeen years, and belongs to a pioneer family in that section of the state, was born in the eastern part of "The Thumb" of Michigan, on February 2I, I873. He is the only son of Charles Ezra and Elizabeth (McDonald) Thompson. He graduated from the Bad Axe public schools and entered the literary department of the University of Michigan with the class of '97. Before completing his literary course he entered the law department, from which he graduated in I896, with the degree of LL. B. Since then he has practiced law at the city of Bad Axe, the county seat of Huron county. He is a Presbyterian, a Republican and a Knight Templar. For many years he has served as city attorney, and was a member of the Michigan Constitutional Convention of I907-08. Mr. Thompson is a director of the State Savings Bank of Bad Axe, the Consolidated Telephone Company and other local corporations. Charles E. Thompson, his father, was born in Port Huron in I845 and came to Huron county in I854. He was the only son of John Dame Thompson, who served in the Twenty-Ninth Michigan Infantry in the Civil war, and whose ancestors came to America on the Mayflower (see "Descendants of John Thomson") and Mary A. (Lockwood) Thompson. Though prominent as a Republican he was elected to nearly every county office, and in many cases by an almost non-partisan vote. He served some twenty-two years, having been County Clerk, Treasurer, Register of Deeds, and Judge of Probate. Judge Thompson was prominent in both the York and Scottish Rite Masonic bodies. His death occurred in I907. Elizabeth Thompson, the mother, was born at London, Ontario, in 185I. She descends through her father from the Clanranald branch of the Clan MacDonald, and through her mother from the Earl of Seaforth of the Clan MacKenzie of Scotland. She has been prominent in the club and social development of her city. There are three younger sisters: Grace McDonald Thompson, A. B. (U. of M.), C. D. F. of Denver; Elizabeth Lockwood Thompson, A. B. and M. S. (U. of M.), now an assistant in the Department of Zoology in the University of Michigan; and Helen Beulah Gaige, A. B. and A. M. (U. of M.), wife of Frederick M. Gaige, A. B. (U. of M.). She is administrative assistant,and Mr. Gaige is entomological assistant of the Museum of the University of Michigan. Miss Thompson and Mr. and Mrs. Gaige have all been elected to membership in Sigma Xi, the National Scientific Honorary Society. On January 10, I912, Charles D. Thompson was united in marriage with Ida Elizabeth Proctor, a daughter of Benjamin Franklin Proctor, who served in Berdan's Company of Sharpshooters during the Civil War, and Amelia (Robinson) Proctor. Both of Mrs. Thompson's parents are deceased. The Proctor family came to America from England in the

Page  1821 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1821 early part of the last century, settled first in New Brunswick, then in Massachusetts, then in Vermont, and later in Western Michigan. Mrs. Thompson was born in Ionia county. She graduated from her home high school and taught several years in the grade and high schools of her home cotnty. She then entered the training school of the Saginaw General Hospital and after completing her course became the first superintendent of the Hubbard Memorial Hospital at Bad Axe, from which she was called to be Superintendent of the Saginaw General Hospital, which position she held until her marriage. ROBERT G. MACKENZIE, A. B., M. D. In I907 Dr. MacKenzie graduated in medicine from the University of Michigan. His father was an alumnus of the same school, and though the family home has long been in southern Illinois the city of Ann Arbor has many associations for both generations. The younger Dr. MacKenzie chose to remain at Ann Arbor after graduating, has become connected with the faculty of instruction in the medical department of the university, enjoys a good practice as a physician and surgeon, but is probably best known to the rank and file of local citizenship through his official position as mayor, to which he was elected in I9I3. The Scotch ancestors of Dr. MacKenzie settled in Nova Scotia many years ago. Dr. Robert Gordon MacKenzie was born at Chester, Randolph county, Illinois, June 3, 1882, a son of Dr. William R. and Nellie (Gordon) MacKenzie. Nova Scotia was the birthplace of his father, who received his early education there and in I870 graduated from the medical department of the University of Michigan. The following five years were spent in practice in the historic old town of Kaskaskia, Randolph county, Illinois, which was the first capital of the territory of Illinois. Since then his home and general practice has been at Chester in the same county. Dr. William R. MacKenzie has attained the age of three score and ten. His wife, of Virginia and Kentucky ancestry, was born at Chester, representing an old family of that county. The oldest of their three children is Dr. William A. MacKenzie, a successful physician and surgeon at St. Louis; Dr. Robert G. is second; and the sister, Adeline, is wife of Dr. Edward T. Urban, also a St. Louis physician. Robert G. MacKenzie attended the Chester public schools, in I90I was graduated from Smith's Academy of St. Louis, and subsequently was a student of McKendree College at Lebanon, Illinois. At the same time his studies in medicine had been carried on under the direction of his father. In 1907 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Miedicine, and in I908 he was graduated Bachelor of Arts from the University of Michigan. Since then Dr. MacKenzie has built up a general practice at Ann Arbor. He is a member of the surgical staff of St. Joseph's Hospital. His professional relations are with Washtenaw County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. In his citizenship he is guided by modern and progressive ideals, and the community regarded itself as fortunate in his election to the office of mayor in I9I3. Dr. MacKenzie is Republican in politics, and fraternally is associated with the Masonic Lodge and the Ann Arbor Lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. On Christmas Day of I908 Dr. MacKenzie married Miss Marian Cole, of his old home town of Chester, Illinois. They have one son, Robert Gordon, Jr. GEORGE A. STRIFFLER. He whose name initiates this paragraph is not only one of the representative business men and landholders of Vol. IV-5

Page  1822 1822 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Tuscola county but is a native son of the county and a scion of one of its best known and most honored pioneer families. Here he was reared and here he has found abundant scope for personal achievement along normal lines of enterprise. He is the leading implement dealer at Cass City, one of the thriving and attractive towns of this section of the state, and as a citizen and business man he is well upholding the honors of a name that has been most prominently linked with the development and upbuilding of Tuscola county. George Albert Striffler was born on a pioneer farm in Elkland township, Tuscola county, Michigan, on the i6th of March, I864, and the place of his nativity is one mile east and one mile north of Cass City, his present place of residence. He is a son of John and Mary (Benkelman) Striffler, the former of whom was born near Lancaster, Erie county, New York, of German lineage, and the latter of whom was born in the kingdom of Wurtemburg, Germany. The father was reared to manhood in the old Empire state and there he learned the trade of carpenter. In 1859 he came to Michigan and numbered himself among the pioneers of Tuscola county, where he obtained a tract of wild land, in Elkland township, and where he instituted the reclamation of a farm of forty acres, in the meanwhile finding much requisition for his services as a carpenter, at Cass City and other points in this section. He was numbered among the very early settlers of the county and he erected, for William Clark, the first frame store-building in Cass City, besides having done much other important work tending to advance the upbuilding and progress of the village and county. He was identified with lumbering operations for a number of years and threw himself fully into the strenuous work involved in the development of a new country. He has ever commanded inviolate place in popular esteem and he is today honored as one of the sterling pioneer citizens of the county in which he has long maintained his home and in which he has served in various township offices. He was born March I5, I833, and his devoted wife, who was born May 22, I839, was summoned to the life eternal on the 4th of May, 1913; he is now living retired in Cass City. Of the seven children, six are still living: Emaline is the wife of Archibald Mark, and they reside on the old Striffler homestead; George A., of this review, was the next in order of birth; Salome, who resides in Cass City, is the widow of William Bein; Miss Martha has supervision of the domestic economies of her father's home, in Cass City; Esther is the wife of William R. Kaiser, of this place; and David A. is now a resident of Columbus, Georgia. George A. Striffler was reared on the homestead farm and well recalls the conditions and incidents of the pioneer days in Tuscola county. After attending the district school he continued his studies in the public schools of Cass City, and he was about thirty-two years of age when he went to the city of Detroit, to learn the trade of steam-fitting, in the Michigan Central car shops. He completed his apprenticeship and then returned to Cass City, where he has since been successfully engaged in the implement business, as the successor of his cousin, Jacob H. Striffler, who founded the enterprise many years ago, so that it is the oldest business of its kind in Tuscola county, even as it is the largest in Cass City, with equipment and facilities of the best type. The original firm was J. H. Striffler & Company, and the present firm was first Striffler & McDermott and is now composed of George A. Striffler and Charles E. Patterson. The firm deals in all kinds of farm implements and machinery as well as in buggies, carriages and wagons, the trade of the concern being widely disseminated and its reputation being of the highest. Mr. Striffler has recently completed in Cass City a handsome and thoroughly

Page  1823 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1823 modern house of twelve rooms, the same being the family home and one of the most attractive in the village, even as it is one of the most hospitable,-a center of much of the social activity of the community. An appreciable part of the timber utilized in the erection of this building was taken from land owned by Mr. Striffler and is of growth that has been made since the disastrous forest fires which swept this section in 1871. Mr. Striffler himself found satisfaction in assisting in the sawing of the logs into the lumber and shingles for his fine new residence. Like other representatives of the family Mr. Striffler stands exponent of progressiveness and public spirit, and he is one of the loyal and liberal citizens of his native county. He was a Republican until the formation of the Progressive party, in I912, when he transferred his allegiance to the new organization. He has not been ambitious for public office but has served as township treasurer. He is affiliated with the local organization of the Knights of the Maccabees, and his wife, who is a leader in the social life of the community, is a member of the Woman's Literary and Study Club, besides being a devoted communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church. In the year 900o Mr. Striffler wedded Miss Cora Belle Home, of Manitowoc, Wisconsin, where she was born and reared, and they have one son, Ervine Albert, who was born in Cass City, on the 27th of March, I906. NATHAN GOODWILL DAVIS. The late Nathan Goodwill Davis, one of the pioneers of Michigan, who died on March 20, I889, was a New Yorker by birth, his natal day having been January 22, 1830, so that he was just past fifty-nine years of age when death claimed him. He was a son of Ezra and Theodosia (Goodwill) Davis, and he came to Jackson, Michigan, with his parents when yet a babe in arms, this city representing his home from then until the day of his passing, though in his latter years he spent a good deal of time in the south and west. At one time he spent three years away from Jackson, that time being passed in Kansas, Colorado and California, though he continued to retain his Jackson home and other interests throughout that period. He was in search of health when on these peregrinations, and always, when his condition permitted it, he would return to Jackson, his home city, and the place where he best loved to be. When the Davis family first came to Jackson, they settled on a farm, which in later years came to be known as the Thomas Kent farm, in the southern part of the city, much of Jackson as it stands today being built upon what was in bygone years the Davis farm and home. As a mere lad, Nathan Goodwill Davis went to work in a grocery store for Charles L. Mitchell, in a clerking capacity, and he continued with Mr. Mitchell until he was old enough and sufficiently experienced to go into business for himself, when he opened a grocery store on his own responsibility. Thereafter for a long period of years Mr. Davis was counted among the leading grocers in the city, carrying on both wholesale and retail activities. He built the block on the southeast corner of Mechanic and Cortland streets, and for many years his grocery business was carried on in that building. Mr. Davis was a shrewd and capable business man, and he acquired, in the passing years, the ownership of much other valuable property on Cortland street, between Mechanic and Francis streets, on both the north and south sides, all of which, including the block where his business was located, is now the property of his widow and children. In the year 1874 Mr. Davis retired from the grocery business and purchased the old Exchange Hotel, changing its name to the Davis

Page  1824 1824 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Hotel. The place then stood where now is located the building of the International Harvester Company. In moving into the hotel Mr. Davis was so unfortunate as to contract a severe cold that developed into an acute attack of pleurisy, and though he lived for many years thereafter, he never regained his former strength and vigor, a fact that will account for his many journeys to the south and west in later years. On October 4, I864, Mr. Davis was married to Miss Elizabeth Jackson, of Blackman, Jackson county, Michigan. She was born in Erie county, New York, on October 27, 1847, coming to Michigan with her parents when she was seven years of age. Her father was Rodolph D. Jackson, and her mother's maiden name was Anna Meade. The mother died in New York state, prior to the removal of the family to this state. Rodolph Jackson married in later years Miss Alma Ferguson, who proved herself a kind and devoted step-mother to the four motherless children of his first wife. Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Davis. Nathan G. Davis, Jr., was born July 2, I869; Paul J., born February 4, I886; and Bessie. The daughter died in infancy, and the two sons are residents of Jackson. The eldest son, Nathan G., was married on August 30, I904, to Miss Lena G. Hoag, and they have two sons,-Paul J., born November 2I, I907, and Jack H., born July 31, I9IO. In I890 the widow of Mr. Davis became the wife of the late Prof. Washington M. Skinner, formerly of Boston, Massachusetts, who was a talented musician and vocalist, and for many years was a prominent instructor and conductor of music. He died on January 31, I912, without issue from this marriage. On February I, I909, the younger son of Nathan G. Davis was married to Miss Ina Wise. They have no children. Nathan G. Davis was a remarkably successful business man, as will be conceded by all who have any familiarity with his active career, and in the years of his business activity he accumulated a large fortune. He was fond of thoroughbred horses and on his fine farm near Tackson paid special attention to the breeding of trotting horses, becoming widely known for his success in that work. Some of the products of his stables became famous winners on American race tracks, among them being Frank Moscow, and Louis Napoleon Jr. Though he gave the most businesslike attention to that enterprise, it was really his recreation, and about the only form of sport he indulged in. For many years Mr. Davis was recorded as one of the heaviest tax payers in Jackson. His widow, now the widow of Prof. Skinner, as has been noted previously, has her residence at No. 136 Lansing avenue, where she has one of the pleasing and desirable homes in the northwestern part of the city. GEORGE H. CLIPPERT. Detroit has for a long period of years been a center for the manufacture of clay products and one of the oldest brickmakers in the city is George H. Clippert, whose career has been associated with brick manufacture for more than thirty years. His father before him was one of the earlier brickmakers, a prominent banker and active in official affairs. Mr. Clippert is now president of the George H. Clippert & Bro. Brick Company. George H. Clippert was born in Springwells, now a part of the city of Detroit, on March 24, I86o. His parents were Conrad and Christiana F. (Pfeifle) Clippert. They were both natives of Hesse-Cassell, Germany, where Conrad was born February 14, I834. Brought to the United States in I849, his family located at Springwells, and as a boy of fifteen,

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Page  1825 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1825 first in the old country, he began working out a career which eventually made him one of the foremost men of Detroit. R. H. Hall was at that time and had for a number of years been engaged in the manufacture of brick at Springwells, and it was under him that Conrad Clippert learned the business and remained a faithful employe for more than twenty years, part of the time serving as foreman and as superintendent of the plant. In 1876 his long experience was converted into independent enterprise as a brick manufacturer, and in 1884 he was joined by his two sons, George H. and Charles F., at which time the firm name became Conrad Clippert & Sons. For a number of years Conrad Clippert served as supervisor and in I880 was elected to the office of sheriff of Wayne county, and re-elected in I882. His election came on the Republican ticket, although at that time the county was normally Democratic, a fact which indicates his high personal popularity. In I898 Conrad Clippert assumed the duties of vice-president of the Central Savings Bank of Detroit, and was an officer of that institution until his death in January, 90oI. George H. Clippert thus grew up in the atmosphere of business activity, and was liberally educated in the St. John's German school, the Patterson's private school for boys, and in Goldsmith's Business College. A retail grocery store in I875 took him in as clerk, and a year later he began railroading as a fireman with the Michigan Central, and three years later was promoted to engineer. Leaving railroad service in I883 Mr. Clippert entered his father's office, and soon had an important share of the responsibilities and management in an industry which had been developed to large and prosperous proportions. As already mentioned, in 1884 he was taken in as a member of the firm of Conrad Clippert & Sons, and for the next ten years closely devoted his time and ability to brick manufacture. In i894 the old firm was succeeded by that of George H. Clippert & Bro., and in i899 was incorporated as the George H. Clippert & Bro. Brick Company, of which he is president and treasurer; his brother, Charles F., is vice-president and general manager, and Harrison, a son of George H., is secretary. In allied activities and in public affairs Mr. Clippert has always manifested a public-spirited part. He is one of the leading members of the Detroit Builders' & Traders' Exchange, of which he has served as vice-president and as president in 19I3; belongs to the Detroit Board of Commerce, and is a member of the board of directors of the Wayne County and Home Savings Bank. From I907 to I909 he was chairman 6f the Board of Control of the State Industrial Home for Girls. His fraternal affiliations are with Union Lodge of the Masonic Order, with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Harmonie Society and the Detroit Athletic Club. On September 28, I886, Mr. Clippert married Miss Flora A. Lyon, who was born in Detroit, a daughter of Adolph A. Lyon, a merchant tailor. The children are: Edna, Harrison, Phyllis, Helen and George. THOMAS HOOD. Fifty-three of the seventy-six years of the life of Thomas Hood have been connected with the city of Jackson, and except a few years of absence in foreign countries, have been spent in the midst of the stirring events of this city's activities and as a participant in its municipal, business and social growth. Although now living retired from active pursuits, he still takes a keen interest in affairs connected with the lumber trade, in which he was engaged for many years, and in the breeding of trotting horses, some of his animals having made his name known in various parts of the world. Thomas Hood, or "Rodney Hood" as he was affectionately known

Page  1826 1826 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN by his numerous friends, was born at Pebles-on-the-Tweed, Scotland, his ancestors being Scotch Presbyterians. His natal date was July 20, 1837, and he is a son of James and Belle (Rutherford) Hood. Mr. Hood was given limited educational advantages, leaving school in his native land when he was twelve years old, following which he began to learn the trade of a miller, his father's occupation. When he was fifteen years of age his parents decided to come to America, and accordingly, in 1852, the family arrived in County Wellington, Province of Ontario, Canada. There the youth learned the trade of butcher, with an elder brother, and continued to be thus engaged in Canada until I86o. In that year Mr. Hood migrated to the United States, and at once took up his home in Jackson, where he has continued to reside to the present date. He arrived in this city under rather unfavorable conditions, his cash capital consisting of fifty cents, but he was industrious and ambitious and soon secured employment with the firm of Ford & Lyon, who conducted a meat market. He first received wages of thirteen dollars a month, but after he had worked for three years his services had become so valuable to his employers that he was receiving one hundred dollars a month. His position was a congenial one and he was making good wages, but it had always been his desire to be at the head of a business of his own, and this ambition was realized in I863, when, in partnership with John Watts, a friend, who also worked for Ford & Lyon, he established the firm of Hood & Watts, and commenced business in a meat market of his own, located on the present site of the Carter building. This venture was a success almost from the start and the partners did a prosperous business in handling meats and in eventually shipping cattle. In the next several years, however, Mr. Hood became interested in sawmilling and lumbering, and finally he sold his interest in the market and stock business in order to concentrate his energies upon the new line. During the next twenty years he had large interests in the pine region of Northern Michigan, but through it all maintained his home in Jackson. He still has an interest in a veneer factory at Big Rapids, Michigan. Mr. Hood's prudent and skillful management of his business affairs yielded large profits, so that at the time of his retirement he had a comfortable competency. For years he was one of the best known breeders of harness horses in Michigan, and was also known as a campaigner. His breeding establishment was located one mile and a half from Jackson, and was known as Hamlet's Home Stock Farm, a tract of I6o acres, on which Mr. Hood built up one of the finest trotting horse breeding establishments in the state. At its head was the noted sire, "W. H. Cassidy," which was by "Young Jim," in turn by "George Wilkes." Mr. Hood produced on this farm a number of trotters that afterward won laurels on the tracks of both America and Europe, and many of the trotters of the present day now campaigning in the United States, Europe and Africa, were bred on Hamlet's Home Stock Farm. On this farm was produced the famous colt "Thomas Hood," named after himself, which at the meeting of the Michigan Trotting Horse Association, held at Kalamazoo, in September, I912, won a cup which had been offered by the association to the Michigan breeder who could produce the winner of the three-year-old class, a cup of silver, beautifully engraved, and worth more than $200, although Mr. Hood values it far beyond that price. Mr. Hood is a popular member of the local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a Democrat in politics, but public matters have not appealed to him and he has not sought public office. On December 27, I864, Mr. Hood was married to Miss Maria Pond, daughter of the late C. C. Pond, during his day one of the wealthy and prominent citizens of Jackson. Mrs. Hood died May I5, I886, having

Page  1827 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1827 been the mother of two daughters now surviving, namely: Nettie Groom, who is now the wife of Wiley Reynolds, of Jackson; and Jessie M., who is the wife of Harry Bassett, of Flint, Michigan. Four children of Mr. Hood are dead, as follows: Etta Belle, George, William and James. RICHARD H. FYFE. Of an old Scottish family, represented in America since the beginning of the Revolutionary War, and identified with Michigan practically throughout the period of statehood, Mr. Richard H. Fyfe has himself for more than seventy years been a resident of Michigan, and as a citizen and business man of Detroit has for a long term of years enjoyed the fruit of larger success, and at the same time has devoted his exceptional ability to the welfare of his city and state. A few years before the war, Mr. Fyfe began his career in Detroit as a clerk in a shoe house. His advancement was in proportion to his remarkable ambition and industry, and for nearly forty years the firm of R. H. Fyfe & Company had a standing in the shoe business second'to none. All his successes have been worthily won and the prosperity which his city has conferred upon him he has in many ways returned in disinterested and efficient citizenship. Richard Henry Fyfe was born at Oak Orchard, Orleans county, New York, January 5, 1839, a son of Claudius Liucius and Abigail (Gilbert) Fyfe. The paternal ancestry goes back to sturdy and earnest Scotch and the great-grandfather was John Fiffe, of Fiffeshire, Scotland. Grandfather John Fyfe was the first to adopt the present spelling of the name. Grandfather Fyfe was born and reared in Fiffeshire, where he received excellent educational advantages as measured by the standards of that time. In I775, the year in which the American Revolution began, he crossed the ocean and settled near Boston. Not long afterwards he volunteered for service in a Massachusetts regiment, took part in the activities about Boston during the siege, and was a patriotic soldier, especially during the early years of the war. John Fyfe was a young man when he came to America, and on February I, 1786, married Miss Elizabeth Strong. Her ancestor, John Strong, was the founder of Dorchester, Massachusetts, having emigrated from England in I730. The Strong family has been one of special distinction in connection with American history, and it has been said "few families have had more educated or professional men among them." Soon after his marriage John Fyfe moved to Salisbury, Addison county, Vermont, where he was one of the pioneers and lived there until his death on January I, 1813. His noble wife survived him nearly a quarter of a century, until November, 1835. They became the parents of four sons and three daughters, and the youngest was Claudius Liucius. Claudius Liucius Fyfe, born in Addison county, Vermont, January 3, 1798, was reared in a pioneer time and community, and his education was limited. He possessed the fine mentality which has been characteristic of the family, and throughout his career was always considered a man of exceptional attainments in both mind and character. He was married on April 6, 1825, at Brandon, Vermont, to Miss Abigail Gilbert, whose parents were among the earliest settlers of Genesee county, New York. Mr. Fyfe continued a Vermont farmer until 1830, then brought his family to Knowlesville, Orleans county, New York, afterwards residing in Chautauqua county in the same state. In 1837, the year of Michigan's admission into the Union, he brought his family, but remained only a short time. His experience in Michigan was sufficient to create a well defined longing for the west, and only a short time passed before he finally severed his ties with New York State, and became permanently identified with Michigan. He settled at Hillsdale, where he lived a long

Page  1828 1828 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and useful career until his death in I88I, when more than eighty years of age. He contributed much to the development and progress of his county, and was a man of prominence and influence. For a number of years he conducted a tannery, and owned large quantities of agricultural land in Hillsdale county. His wife died in Michigan in 1848. Both were consistent members of the Presbyterian church. Their children comprised five daughters and one son, the only survivor being Richard H. His sister Jennie, died October 20, I913. Richard Henry Fyfe was an infant when brought to Michigan, and all his early years were spent in Hillsdale county at the village of Litchfield. When he was eleven years old his father met financial reverses, which placed the family in somewhat straitened circumstances, and the only son at that age had to take up the serious responsibilities of selfsupport. His first employment was in a drug store conducted by Mott Brothers at Hillsdale, and he had a previous experience with a drug house at Kalamazoo. Thus the beginning of Mr. Fyfe's residence in Detroit was in the year I857. Mr. T. K. Adams was at that time proprietor of a boot and shoe store, and hired young Fyfe as a clerk. Though his hours were long, there was much time when he was not engaged in waiting on trade and performing other duties, and he utilized this leisure by close reading and study, and in this way educated himself, and among his associates has never been considered in any wise deficient in educational equipment. After six years with Mr. Adams, the young clerk took a similar place with the firm of Rucker & Morgan, in the same line of merchandise. He was an industrious worker and frugal in his living and habits, and by his economical diligence, by I865, was able to purchase the stock and business of C. C. Tyler & Company, who had succeeded his original employer, Mr. Adams. The establishment was at IOI Woodward avenue, and at this location a factory building was located in 1875 to afford adequate facilities for the large trade which Mr. Fyfe had built up through his fair and honorable dealing and careful service. His record from I865, was one of solid and consecutive growth, and for many years he has stood at the head of the custom and retail shoe trade in the Michigan metropolis. In I88I he purchased the boot and shoe establishment of A. R. Morgan at io6 Woodward avenue, and for some time conducted that as a branch of his other store. In I885 he established the present store at 185 Woodward avenue. Since 1875 the business has been conducted under the title of R. H. Fyfe & Company, and while Mr. Fyfe has had able assistance, the growth and solid success of the enterprise has been due almost entirely to his own efforts and able management. In its equipment and facilities, the Fyfe establishment has no superior in Detroit, and thousands of customers in Detroit have for years regularly patronized this store, their continuous custom being the highest possible compliment that could be paid to the fidelity and service rendered by Mr. Fyfe as a merchant. Successful as a business man Mr. Fyfe has never been content with the more selfish enjoyment of his success, and has always been a liberal and public-spirited citizen, and has done all in his power to further the civic and industrial progress of his home city. He was one of those primarily concerned in the organization of the Citizens Savings Bank in I890, and served as its vice president until I898, at which time he was elected president, and continued until the bank was consolidated with the Dime Savings Bank, of which he is now a director. For several years Mr. Fyfe served as a member of the board of trustees of the Michigan Medical College and assisted in consolidating the institution with the Detroit Medical College under the title of the Michigan College of Medicine. He has since served as trustee of the latter institution, which is

Page  1829 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1829 now one of the splendid educational centers of Michigan. Among other interests Mr. Fyfe is the owner of a large amount of valuable real estate in Detroit, and by improving his property has done much to advance the material upbuilding of the city. In politics a Republican, Mr. Fyfe has never been in any sense a politician, though his equipment for civic duties have been broad, and he has possessed both the knowledge of civic and economics and the capacity for judicious action which constitutes the ideal citizen of a democracy. Mr. and Mrs. Fyfe attend St. Paul's church, Protestant Episcopal, of which Mrs. Fyfe is a member. For a number of years Mr. Fyfe was a member and also president of the Detroit City Lighting Commission, and was president of the commission when the present lighting plant was constructed. At one time he served as president of the Detroit Municipal League, which rendered most valuable service in the cause of good municipal government. Mr. Fyfe has membership in the local organization of the New England Society, and the Sons of the American Revolution, having been president of the former, and was president of the latter in I908. He belongs to the Detroit Board of Commerce, and has membership in the Detroit Club, the Lake St. Clair Shooting and Fishing Club, commonly known as the Old Club, and his name is associated with other civic and social organizations in the city. On October 27, I868, he married Miss Abby Lucretia Albee Rice, who was born at Marlborough, Middlesex county, Massachusetts, where her father, Abraham W. Rice, was a prominent and influential citizen. Mrs. Fyfe for many years has been a leader in church, charitable, benevolent and social activities in Detroit, and heI beautiful home is recognized as a center for the cultured and refined activities of Detroit society. She has been vice-regent of the Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and was at one time regent of the Detroit chapter of that order. For some time she was vice-president of the Thompson Old Ladies Home, one of the noble institutions of Detroit, and for more than a quarter of a century an honorary member of the governing board of the Protestant Orphans Home, of which for several years she was secretary. A number of her ancestors were soldiers in the Continental lines during the War of the Revolution, and this fact and her own actual interest in such matters has caused her to be a thorough student of early American annals. She was at one time president of the Michigan organization of Mount Vernon Society, a society which is credited with having preserved the old homestead of General Washington. She was for a time president of the Michigan branch of the society, and has also been president of the Detroit Society of Colonial Dames. Mr. and Mrs. Fyfe have no children. WILLIAM R. BROWN. Though the late William R. Brown reached the unusual age of ninety-two years, it is a fact worthy of mention that up to a very few months prior to his passing, he was to be found daily at his desk, directing the affairs of his insurance business at his office in Jackson. In May, I9II, the state of his health grew to be so unsatisfactory that he settled up his affairs, sold his business, and retired. He passed away at his home on October I3, I911, and there were and yet are, many who mourn his loss from their midst. William R. Brown was born in Stratford, New Hampshire, on December I4, I819, and had his education in Lancaster Academy. In the year I856 he first embarked in the insurance business, devoting himself to fire and marine lines, and locating in Boston, Massachusetts. He advanced rapidly in insurance circles, and later on he was appointed president of the National Insurance Company of Jersey City, New Jer

Page  1830 1830 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN sey. He continued at the head of that company until the outbreak of the Civil War, when he was appointed to the post of agent to care for the wounded soldiers sent from the front to their homes. He had his headquarters at Washington, D. C., and it is of record that because of his humane and kindly disposition he was regarded by the authorities as a most valuable man in that capacity. He continued to so serve until the close of the war, when he came to Jackson, Michigan, and this city was the scene of his activities from then until death claimed him. Mr. Brown witnessed the growth of this now thriving city from a small village, and it is not too much to say that he performed the full share of one man towards the growth and upbuilding of the city, and that a generous measure of credit is due him today as one who lived with the best interests of the city ever at his heart. Practically all his later life Mr. Brown was a consistent and earnest Democrat, and when he was nominated for the office of sheriff in I872, he was elected by a pleasing majority, though 1872 was a banner year for the Republican party in Jackson, and throughout the whole country. In 1872 he was re-nominated and again he had a victory that was a personal tribute to his popularity as a man and citizen. In later years his party on many occasions urged him to stand for elections to various offices but Mr. Brown never would permit his name to stand again. He never regarded his political victories as in any way reflecting especial credit upon himself, and always felt that any other Democrat would have the same chance at the polls,-a supposition that actual happenings failed to substantiate on many occasions. In 1879 Mr. Brown engaged in the fire insurance business in Jackson, and he continued in that field with all success for more than thirtytwo years, or until the infirmities attendant upon his age compelled him to withdraw from business, as already stated. Few men in Jackson were more popular than was Mr. Brown. He was a whole-souled and genial man, generous and kind, and he was one to whom an appeal for aid never went unnoticed. Mr. Brown was married in Boston, Massachusetts, on April 20, I845, to Mary M. Hadley, who survived him for a brief time, passing away on Christmas day, 1912, when she was eighty-seven years of age. They had lived together in wedded happiness for more than sixty years, and celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary in I905. Their only living child is Mrs. W. D. Ford, of this city. Mrs. Georgina Brown Ford was born in the old Marlborough Hotel in Boston, on March 30, 1846, and she was nineteen years of age when she accompanied her parents to Jackson. This city has represented her home from then to the present time. Her marriage to Whitman D. Ford occurred in I863, and concerning that worthy gentleman, who died on October I2, I907, brief mention is here made as follows: Whitman D. Ford was born at Colerain, Massachusetts, on April 30, I838, but in early life moved to Saratoga county, New York, where he spent several years. In I863 he married Miss Georgina Brown, then seventeen years of age, and one year later they came to Jackson, which city continued to be their home. Mr. Ford was an expert bookkeeper in his youth, and not long after he came to Jackson he associated himself with the music house of R. D. Bullock, where he continued as auditor and general accountant for more than twenty years. He spent thirteen years in South Dakota, looking after some mining properties in which he had an interest, and finally returning to Jackson, where he took up his residence again, and continuing here up to the time of his death. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Ford,-William R., who died in I868; Samuel W., a resident of Chicago; Frank C., who suc

Page  1831 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1831 ceeded to his grandfather's business in this city, and Mrs. W. W. Todd, also a resident of Jackson. Mr. Ford was sixty-nine years of age when he passed away, and a residence of more than forty years within the city had been sufficient to establish him firmly in the confidence and esteem of the best people of the community. His widow has a host of genuine friends in and about Jackson, and other members of the family here resident have prominent places in the business and social life of the city. JOHN H. JOHNSON. President of the Peninsular State Bank of Detroit, John H. Johnson has been identified with that one institution for twenty-five years, covering almost the entire period of its existence, and his progress has taken him from teller to executive head. He is one of Detroit's best known bankers and business men. Born in Detroit March I8, I86o, a son of Jacob and Ann (Dolan) Johnson, early residents of Detroit, his youth was spent in his native city, and both public and private schools supplied his early education. In 1879 he found his first place in the business world as an employee of a wholesale dry goods house, and was with that firm for ten years. In 1889 the Peninsular State Bank, which had been only recently organized, made Mr. Johnson its teller, and since then his promotion has been steadily upward. In 1891 he was made assistant cashier, became cashier in 1896, and since 1907 has had the executive management of the bank as its president. Mr. Johnson is also a director of the Security Trust Company of Detroit, and a director in the River Rouge Savings and Dearborn State Banks. In the Detroit Board of Commerce he has served both as a director and as treasurer, and has a large acquaintance among the members of the American Bankers Association, in which organization he has served as president of the Savings Bank Section, and also on the executive committee. His social relations are with the Detroit Club, the Detroit Golf Club, the Detroit Fishing and Hunting Club, and the Knights of Columbus, his church being the Catholic. On May 26, I886, Mr. Johnson married Miss Frances M. McGrath of Detroit, who died in October, I912. One daughter was born of that union, Grace E. JAMES CAREY. The life record of the late James Carey is that of a man who worked his way upward through the medium of his own exertions, and whose rise was aided by no fortuitious chance or circumstance. His life was one of industry and perseverance, and for many years he was one of the most trusted employes of the Michigan Central Railroad, and was equally prominent as an influential representative of that powerful organization, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. In Jackson, where Mr. Carey made his home for nearly thirty-seven years, he is remembered as a loyal and public-spirited citizen, who took an interest in the growth and development of his city, and who at all times proved himself an excellent neighbor and a loyal friend. Mr. Carey was born July 27, 1847, and the greater part of his boyhood was spent in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. His educational advantages were not numerous nor extensive, for when still a lad he laid aside his books to enter upon his career as a railroad man, his first occupation being that of newsboy, on trains plying between Milwaukee and Chicago. Later, when he had grown to sturdy young manhood, he secured a position as locomotive fireman, from which capacity he rose to engineer on a switch engine in the Chicago yards, and in I871 came to Jackson, Michigan, having secured a position as engineer on the Michigan Central Railroad. For thirty years Mr. Carey handled the throttle for this road,

Page  1832 1832 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN first on freight engines and later on a passenger locomotive, his run being principally between Michigan City, Indiana, and Jackson, Michigan. In September, I903, after a long, faithful and honorable service, he was retired by his company with a pension of fifty dollars per month. From that time forward he continued to live a quiet, uneventful life until his death, which occurred June 30, I908. Mr. Carey was a prominent Mason, having risen to the Knight Templar degree, and also belonged to the Order of Eastern Star. He early became prominent in the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, and his abilities were soon recognized by his election to offices of trust and responsibility. For a long period he was chairman of the general adjustment board of all the New York Central lines, was chairman of the grievance committee of the local division of the Brotherhood for many years, and on numerous occasions was sent as a delegate to the national conventions of that body. A stanch Democrat in his political views, he was always a hard worker in behalf of his party, and served two terms as alderman from the Sixth Ward. On January I, 1877, he was married to Mrs. Annie Jones, then of Jackson, Michigan, but formerly of Homer, Michigan. She was born Annie Mills, near Hillsdale, Michigan, January 3I, 1847, the daughter of Orrin and Sarah (Westfall) Mills. Her father, a farmer, was born in New York state, but spent the greater part of his life in Homer and near Hillsdale and Albion, Michigan. He died at the home of Mrs. Carey, in Jackson, December 9, I878, and the mother also passed away at the home of her daughter, October 29, I909. By her first husband, William Jones, Mrs. Carey had one daughter, Mary R., now the wife of Malcolm L. Minkler, of Jackson, and the mother of one son, James Edgar Minkler, aged twenty-two years. There were no children born to Mr. and Mrs. Carey. Mrs. Carey, who survives her husband, is well known in Jackson, residing at No. IOI5 East Main street, is a member of the Order of Eastern Star and of the Ladies' Auxiliary of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. Louis B. KING. Of names that have been closely associated with the business enterprise of Detroit during the past seventy years few are better known and have a higher standing in business and trade circles than that of King. The L. B. King & Company is the largest glass and china house in the city of Detroit, and the father of the president of the company laid the foundation of the business many years ago in this city. Louis B. King was born in Detroit on December 4, I851, a son of the late Robert W. King. The King family has been in America for more than a century and a half, and originated in the north of Ireland. From that country in I756 came over the first American ancestor, Robert King, who settled in Northumberland county, Pennsylvania. Later he took part on the American side in the war of the Revolution, first with the rank of lieutenant and later as captain. Robert King had a forte as a skillful dealer and negotiator with the Indian tribes, and exercised much influence over them. For his services in forming treaties with the various Indian tribes he was granted a large tract of land by the government in Erie county, Pennsylvania. He finally settled on that land, and was one of the pioneers in the extreme northwestern section of the state. His body now rests in the cemetery at Waterford, in Erie county. A son of this American patriot was John King, who was born in Pennsylvania. He married Charlotte Lytle, and among their children was Robert W. King, father of Louis B. Robert W. King was born at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in October, 1821, was educated at Washington and Jefferson College, and began his business career at Pittsburgh. In 1842 he moved west and established his

Page  [unnumbered] ROBERT \V. KING

Page  [unnumbered] i

Page  1833 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1833 home at Detroit, where in I849 he entered business on his own account, establishing the house which has since become the large china and glassware firm of L. B. King & Company. As a business man the late Robert King was for many years regarded as one of the most successful leaders in the local trade. His life was equally useful as a citizen, and he devoted much of his time to public affairs, lending his support to every undertaking designed to promote the welfare and larger prosperity of the growing city. For many years he was foreman in the old Fifth Ward Volunteer Engine Company, was president of the Young Men's Society, was president of the Detroit Board of Education, president of the Detroit Board of Estimates, and one of the original trustees of the Harper Hospital, being a member of the latter board at the time of his death. His church was the Congregational. The late Robert W. King married Elizabeth Buhl. She was born in Butler county, Pennsylvania, adjoining the county in which her husband was born, although they first became acquainted in Detroit. Her residence in Detroit dated from I836, she having come to the western city to attend school, where she made her home with her brother, the late Frederick Buhl. Mr. King died in December, I897, and his wife in December, I9II, at the age of eighty-eight years. Louis B. King received his education in the Detroit public schools, and the University of Michigan, being a graduate from the latter with the class of I874, Bachelor of Science. His business career began as soon as he had left the halls of the State University, and he entered his father's crockery store, where in 1878 he was taken into partnership. In I894 the business was incorporated as the L. B. King & Company. For a number of years he was secretary of this corporation, and since June, I907, has been its president. In Detroit civic and social circles Mr. King is especially well known through his membership in various organizations. He belongs to the Sons of the American Revolution, is a Delta Kappa Epsilon of the University of Michigan, has membership in the Detroit Athletic Club (new), in the Fellowcraft and Detroit Golf Clubs. On March I4, i883, at Greenwich, New York, Mr. King married Miss Jennie Reed Carpenter, daughter of Benoni G. Carpenter. For a period of thirty years her father was general agent of the Home Life Insurance Company of New York City. To Mr. and Mrs. King have been born the following children: Dorothea King, Ralph Benjamin King, now vice president of the L. B. King & Company; Robert Kent King, also connected with the L. B. King & Company; Janet Elizabeth King; and Francis Carpenter King. GIDEON VIVIER. The late Gideon Vivier was one of Detroit's wellknown and highly honored citizens who for over forty years was identified with the various commercial and industrial interests of the city, but who, in spite of the numerous business activities that claimed his attention, found time to be a leading churchman, and a strong advocate of temperance, and to contribute greatly to the welfare of his community in his work in moral and religious causes. Born of French Roman Catholic parents, Mr. Vivier early in life turned to the Protestant faith and while still a lad in his 'teens was converted and baptized in the Detroit river, at the foot of Hastings street, by the Rev. R. B. DesRoches, then home missionary to the French people of this section, and joined the French Baptist church. He was afterward a member of the First Baptist church, but later in life became a member of Grand River Baptist church, where, as deacon and trustee, he spent over a quarter of a century in earnest and zealous church work. Always an ardent temperance man,

Page  1834 1834 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN he became one of the early members of the prohibition party and to the cause of that organization gave freely of his time and means. For a number of years his name always appeared on that party's ticket for one office or another, local and state, not that he sought preferment or believed that he would be elected, but from a sense of duty to his principles and as an example an influence to others. His was a strong character and during his long and useful life he was able to render signal service to his community and its people. Gideon Vivier was a native of the Province of Quebec, Canada, having been born at St. Phillipe, near the city of Quebec, January 3, 1836. When he was still a boy his parents removed from Canada to Perry's Mills, on Lake Champlain, Clinton county, New York. His father and grandfather before him had been brick-mason contractors, and so he naturally drifted to that occupation, as have his sons and grandsons. In I852 he went to Windsor, Canada, and there learned the brick-mason trade and worked at that occupation there for several years. Later he returned to Perry's Mills, New York, and there was married, March 3, 1862, to Miss Clara Hicks, who was born in Lower Quebec, Canada, in August, I830. With their first two sons, Mr. and Mrs. Vivier came to Detroit in I869 and soon afterwards Mr. Vivier became a mason contractor. For nearly forty years he was one of Detroit's leading contractors, during which period he erected many of the leading buildings of the city. He retired from active business operations in 1907, and died at his home in Detroit, February 28, I912. Mrs. Vivier survived him until March 5th, of the same year, when she followed him, their deaths occurring within a week's time. Gideon Vivier and his wife became the parents of three sons and two daughters, as follows: Walter S., George A., and John, who are all engaged in contracting in Detroit; Ida, who is the wife of Harvey B. Auger, of this city; and Ruth, who is the wife of George B. Wadham, Jr., of Detroit. Walter Samuel Vivier, son of Gideon and Clara (Hicks) Vivier, and one of the leading contractors of Detroit, was born at Perry's Mills, on Lake Champlain, Clinton county, New York, September 6, I863, and was a lad of six years when he accompanied his parents to Detroit. Here he secured his early education in the public schools, which he attended until he reached the age of thirteen years, and then went to work, although he still continued his education as a student in the night school. His first work was as a printer's "devil" in the offices of the Michigan Christian Herald, where he devoted about two years to learning the printing trade, but gave up his position there to become a parcel boy for Newcomb, Endicott & Company, a position he held for six months, at a time when the store of that concern was located in the old opera house building. Following this, Mr. Vivier became a clerk in the ticket accounting department of the Michigan Central Railway, where he remained four or five years, and then accepted a position at St. Paul, Minnesota, with the Northern Pacific Railway, spending a few months in that city. On his return to Detroit, in 1883, Mr. Vivier began work for his father as a brick-mason, and two years later, so faithful and industrious had he been, he was admitted to partnership, under the firm style of Gideon Vivier & Son, mason contractors. In 1889, however, Mr. Vivier entered the office of the firm of Donaldson & Maier, architects of Detroit, as their superintendent of construction, continuing there five years, during which time he advanced himself in the line of experience as a master builder and also learned a good deal about the subject of architecture. Mr. Vivier entered upon mason contracting on his own account in 1894, and during the twenty years that have followed he has continued to be so engaged, his work being along the lines of residences,

Page  1835 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1835 stores, churches, hotels and factories. It would not be possible in a limited sketch of this character to enumerate fully the structures erected by Mr. Vivier, but among them may be mentioned the following: Wellington, Manhattan, Valencia, Hazard, Sargossa, Cromwell, Charles, Prentis, LaSalle, LaMotte, Belleview, Franklin and Linfield apartment buildings; Hotel Tuller, Hees-Macfarlane Company, Detroit Lubricator Company, Hayes Manufacturing Company, Detroit Foundry Company, Central Storage Company, National Cutlery Company, E. M. F. Automobile Company and Timken-Detroit Axle Company factories. During the entire thirty years that Mr. Vivier has been engaged in mason contracting he has advocated the "open shop" and has never had a strike. He is a man of keen discernment, who readily solves intricate business problems and recognizes and utilizes opportunities in a manner that has won him the utmost confidence of his associates. He is a member of the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange, of which he is ex-treasurer and ex-director, and a member of the Detroit Board of Commerce. He was formerly trustee and treasurer of the Grand River Baptist church, and is now a member of the Woodward Avenue Baptist Church, in the work of which he has taken an active and helpful interest. Mr. Vivier married Miss Jennie Clarke, who was born at Aylmer, Ontario, Canada, and they have two sons: Norman Clarke and Harold Walter. JOHN G. RASEY. By his election in 1912 to the office of sheriff of Newaygo county, John G. Rasey was confirmed in the high esteem which has long been accorded him as a farmer and business man of this part of Michigan. Mr. Rasey has lived here nearly all his life, and the same qualities of efficiency and fairness which characterize him as a business man, has been introduced into his administration in his present important position. John G. Rasey was born in DeKalb county, Illinois, October 27, I866, a son of John G. and Eveline (Bunce) Rasey. The paternal grandparents were Joseph and Phoebe (Green) Rasey, natives of New York, who afterward moved out to Illinois, where Grandfather Rasey died at the extreme age of ninety-nine years, while his wife attained the venerable age of ninety years. He was a substantial farmer during his active life. Grandfather Bunce was born in New York, was a farmer in that state, and married Lovina (Oatman) who survived him and lived to the age of ninety. John G. Rasey, Sr., who was born in New York, June 9, I823, is still living, past ninety, and makes his home alternately in the city of Chicago, and at White Cloud, with his son. The mother was born August 9, 1838, and died July I2, 1894, having been killed in an accident caused by a runaway horse. After their marriage in New York, the parents moved out to Illinois in I864, settling on a rented farm, and the father managed the place, and at the same time taught school. In I872 he moved to Michigan, buying a farm near Fremont, and continued his work as a teacher and farmer for many years. He was active in the Baptist church, and superintendent of Sunday School work, was a Democrat in politics, for many years held the office of justice of the peace, and was township commissioner of schools for a long time. He and his wife had twelve children, nine of whom are living, and John G. Rasey, Jr., is the sixth in order of birth. Sheriff Rasey grew up in the states of Illinois and Michigan, getting most of his education while a boy on the home farm near Fremont. The first seventeen years of his life was spent on a farm, and he then, as a result of natural aptitude and inclination went into the stock business, and soon developed a large custom in the buying and shipping of live

Page  1836 1836 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN stock. That was his steady vocation for fifteen years. Mr. Rasey owns property in Fremont, and his career has been one of successful achievement. Since his election to the office of sheriff in I912 on the Republican ticket, he has given all his time to his official duties. For a number of years he has been a worker for the Republican party, and fraternally is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His wife is a member of the Methodist church at White Cloud. In I895 Mr. Rasey married Miss Alice Tibbitts, a daughter of Benjamin and Lucinda Tibbitts. Her father was born in Canada, and her mother in Pennsylvania, but lived in Michigan as substantial farming people for half a century. JOHN J. SMOLENSKI. It is a rare occurrence for a young attorney entering upon the practice of his profession to achieve instantaneous and striking success. The path that leads to a large and representative practice is in the great majority of cases a long, weary and tortuous one. But each rule has its exceptions. The young attorney whose career is briefly sketched in this review, John J. Smolenski, although one of the younger members of the bar of Grand Rapids, has, nevertheless, in the few brief years that he has practiced his calling, attained an eminence that places him well in the van as a prominent and successful legist. Mr. Smolenski was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, May I8, I888, and is a son of Stanley and, Rose (Cukerski) Smolenski, natives respectively of Russian Poland and German Poland, both born in I859. They were married in German Poland in 1887, and in the following year emigrated to the United States, settling in Grand Rapids, where Stanley Smolenski has since been engaged in cabinet-making. Mrs. Smolenski died, in I895, having been the mother of three children: John J.; Casmeria, who is the wife of W. J. Jarka, of Manistee, Michigan; and Michael S., who is successfully engaged in the grocery business in Grand Rapids. The father is a faithful member of St. Adalbert's Polish Catholic church, in the faith of which the children were reared. Like his brother and sister, John J. Smolenski was granted good educational advantages by a father who realized the benefits to be derived from thorough schooling. After completing the prescribed course in the grammar schools of Grand Rapids, he entered the high school here, and when he graduated, in 90o6, expressed a predilection for the law as the field in which to work out his life's success. Accordingly, he was sent to the University of Michigan, from the law department of which institution he was graduated in g9IO, and at once was admitted to the bar and began his practice in the city prosecutor's office. Since that time he has acted in the capacity of assistant prosecuting attorney, a capacity in which he has been connected with a number of important cases of jurisprudence. Mr. Smolenski has one of the largest Polish practices in the western part of Michigan. Even before he had completed his law course in the university he began accepting cases from Polish clients, giving advice and counsel, and settling their minor difficulties in a manner that won him the universal confidence and esteem of the people of this race. The Polish practice of the cities of Ludington, Manistee, Grand Rapids and numerous other cities of Western Michigan is given to him, but, while the greater part of his time is given to this, he also has an excellent professional business with people of other races. He has won the wholesome respect of his fellow-members at the bar in a number of hard-fought cases, not alone by reason of his broad knowledge and inherent ability, but because of his strict adherence to the unwritten ethics of his calling. Mr. Smolenski is a Republican, but his only public office has been that which he now holds. He takes a keen and active interest in all that affects the welfare of his native city and has been able to contribute

Page  1837 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1837 helpfully to its prosperity. Fraternally, he is connected with the Knights of Columbus, and he also holds membership in the Grand Rapids Boat and Canoe Club of this city, while his religious affiliation is with the Catholic church. Mr. Smolenski is unmarried. Louis LARSEN. The hardest kind of manual labor introduced the career of Mr. Larsen in Newaygo county, and having demonstrated his ability to earn an honest living he subsequently became a source in business affairs and also in community life, and in addition to the acquisition of much property is the honored incumbent of the office of postmaster at Newaygo and has held other positions of trust from his fellow citizens. Louis Larsen is a native of Denmark, born at Aalbok, July 7, I864. His father was Lars Christensen, and after the fashion of that country the son took his father's first name with the addition of the suffix indicating that he is a son of Lars. The mother's name was Lena Christensen. Both parents were born and spent all their lives in Denmark where the father was a farmer, and it is an interesting fact that for many years he held the postoffice at Aalbok. They were members of the Lutheran church, and the father was a man of considerable means. They had four children, Louis being the youngest. Anna is married and lives in Denmark; Christian is also in Denmark; and Hans remains in his native land. Louis Larsen had such educational opportunities as are presented to the average Danish youth, finishing his studies at the age of fourteen and then beginning work under his father in the postoffice. After four years in that service, he attempted to join the army, but his services were not accepted and hoping to find better opportunities in the new world, he came to America at the age of nineteen and settled at Newaygo. He found employment in the lumber yards, and also for a time cut logs in the woods. A number of years were spent in various operations of lumbering, and gradually he worked himself to places of larger responsibilities. He became assistant superintendent of a cement plant, and for some time had charge of the Converse Manufacturing Company. Some seven or eight years were spent in the cement business, and he then engaged in the produce, coal, flour, feed trade, which he developed to prosperous proportions. While Mr. Larsen came to Newaygo with only three dollars in cash capital, he has been steadily forging to the front, and now has varied interests in local properties and affairs. He has served as city clerk and township clerk, as justice of the peace and since i909 has held the office of postmaster. He has been one of the leaders in Republican politics in Newaygo county. In i884 Mr. Larsen married Lena Larsen, who was born in Denmark. They were married at Newaygo and have become the parents of three children: Charles, who is an electrician, living at Grand Rapids; Arthur, who is bookkeeper and has charge of a collecting agency at San Francisco, California; Laura, clerk in the postoffice under her father. The father attended the Lutheran church and Mr. Larsen is affiliated with Newaygo Lodge, No. I3I, A. F. & A. M., and with the Modern Woodmen of America. JOHN W. FIFIELD. A popular and able representative of the newspaper fraternity in Kent county, Mr. Fifield is editor and publisher of the Sparta Sentinel-Leader, which proves an effective exponent of local interests and is one of the model weekly papers of the state of Michigan. Mr. Fifield is known as one of the most loyal and public-spirited citizens of the village of Sparta, and there he has exerted most benignant influence in the furtherance of enterprises and measures that have conVol. IV-6

Page  1838 1838 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN served the best interests of the commuity. He is a practical newspaper man of varied experience and through his own efforts, in connection with the "art preservative of all arts," he has achieved definite and worthy success. Mr. Fifield is a native of the fine old Wolverine State and is a scion of one of its honored pioneer families, the while these conditions have intensified his loyalty to and appreciation of this favored commonwealth. He was born in Macomb county, Michigan, on the I3th of June, I867, and is a son of John and Abigail (Knapp) Fifield, both of whom were natives of New Hampshire, where they were born and reared and where their marriage was solemnized, the respective families, of English origin, having been founded in New England in the colonial era of our national history. Soon after his marriage John Fifield came to Michigan and established his home at Memphis, Macomb county, near which village he became the owner of a tract of land which he developed into one of the valuable farms of that section of the state. He continued to reside in Macomb county until his death, which occurred in 1873, the year of his nativity having been 1827, as was it also that of his wife. Mrs. Fifield long survived her honored husband and was eighty-one years of age at the time of her death, in I9o8. He was a Democrat in his political proclivities and both he and his wife were zealous members of the Congregational church. Of their eight children four are living. Alma E. is the wife of Bela W. Jenks, who is a representative citizen of Harbor Springs, Michigan, where he is engaged in the banking and the mercantile business; Franc C. is the widow of D. L. Van Marter, and resides in the city of Detroit; and Addie is the wife of Frederick H. Krause, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, her husband being superintendent of an electrical company in that and two other states. John W. Fifield was afforded the advantages of the public schools of Memphis, in his native county, and of the high school at Harbor Beach, Huron county. As a youth he served as clerk in a general store and later he served a thorough apprenticeship at the printer's trade. He was employed for some time in the office of Tribune-Times in the city of Port Huron and later was similarly associated with the Free Press and News in the city of Detroit, besides working for a time also on the Detroit Tribune. In the metropolis of his native state he finally engaged in the jobprinting business and later he was there employed as an editor in the office of the Western Newspaper Union, his incidental duties including work as proofreader. For four years he was editor and publisher of a paper at Deerfield, Lenawee county, and thereafter he was a resident of Detroit until the death of his wife. In I909 Mr. Fifield established his residence in Sparta, one of the most attractive and thriving towns of Kent county, and here he purchased the plant and business of the Sparta Sentinel-Leader, of which he has since been editor and publisher and which he has brought up to a high standard, the paper now having a circulation of more than 2,000 and the equipment of both the newspaper and job departments of the plant being of marked superiority. Mr. Fifield has built up a satisfactory advertising and jobprinting business, and in the latter field he does an appreciable amount of fine work for Grand Rapids business men. Mr. Fifield is known as a stalwart and effective exponent of the principles and policies of the Republican party and he has served in various township and village offices. He is affiliated with the Woodmen of the World, and with the Grand Rapids Lodge, No. 48, of the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks. In I889 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Fifield to Miss Minnie E. Hammill, who was born November I, I869, a daughter of William H.

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Page  1839 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1839 Hammill, at that time a successful contractor and builder in the city of Port Huron, Michigan. Mrs. Fifield was summoned to the life eternal on the 4th of October, I908, and she is survived by three children,-Roy D., who was born September 23, I890, and who now resides at Sacramento, California, where he is in the employ of the Pacific Fruit & Express Company; Howard S., who was born August I6, I899, remains at the paternal home and is attending the public schools of Sparta, as is also the youngest son, George A., who was born June 28, 1903. On the 29th of November, I909, Mr. Fifield wedded Miss Helen F. Bloomer, daughter of Edgar R. and Lily D. (Armstrong) Bloomer, the former of whom was born in Ohio and the latter at Farmington, Michigan. Mr. Bloomer was a printer by trade and vocation and passed the closing years of his life at Sparta, Michigan, his widow still surviving him. JAMES ALEXANDER MOYNES. In recent years probably no firm of carpenter contractors has contributed in more important measure to the architectural improvement of Detroit than the firm of James A. Moynes & Company. In the following abridged record of the companys' activities since its organization in I908 are contained a number of the business, public and residence structures which are regarded as the best examples of Detroit's modern building growth. Taking cases at random to illustrate their work may be mentioned the following: A warehouse for the People's Outfitting Company at State and First streets; the Franklin Press building on Third and Larned streets; Pierson & Hough wholesale saddlery building near Third and Larned streets; the Rainer-Taylor Printing Company building, on Larned street; factories for Ross & Young on the corner of McDougal and Jefferson avenues; Holly Bros. factory on Rowena and Beaubien streets; factory for the General Aluminum Casting Company at the corner of Boulevard and St. Aubin street; factories for the Detroit Pressed Steel Products Company on Mt. Elliott avenue; apartment houses on Davenport street, near Woodward avenue; one on Forest avenue, near Second avenue; one on Putnam avenue, near Third avenue; one on Willis avenue and John R. 'street; the residences of Mr. Ashdown, on Boston boulevard; of Charles T. Brennan on Edson Place, near Second avenue; of Rev. Father Dzink on Lovett avenue, near Warren avenue; of Lloyd Axford, of Dr. Brady and many others; also the warehouse for the Golden Storage Company on Willis avenue, near Beaubien street. The firm remodeled the Ebenzer Methodist Episcopal church, built the church for the Reformed Episcopal Society on the boulevard, near Hamilton avenue, and at the present writing are building a church and a schoolhouse for the Affinity of Our Lord Parish on McClellan and Lamb streets; they built the Samaritan Hospital on the Boulevard and Milwaukee avenue, and a number of the stores in Highland Park. At the head of this important firm, James Alexander Moynes has thus accomplished a great deal, though starting in life with a minimum of capital, resources and influence. He was born on the home farm of his family, near Lindsey, in County, Victoria, Ontario, May 27, 1871, a son of William and Mary (Humphrey) Moynes. His father, who was born in England in 1833, came to Canada with his parents in 184I, his father, William Moynes, settling on a farm in the vicinity of Lindsey, Ontario, where he followed the work of agriculture until he retired and died in Detroit in I888. The mother of the Detroit contractor was born in Fenlon Falls, Ontario, and died in Detroit in I908. Both parents were members of the Methodist Episcopal church. James A. Moynes when eleven years old, in 1882, was brought to

Page  1840 1840 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Michigan, and continued his education, first in Marine City, and later in St. Clair, spending about three years in those two towns. In 1885, when fourteen, he came to Detroit and began learning the upholstering trade, but a short experience with that convinced him that it was not his proper calling, and he soon began work for the contracting firm of McGrath & Walleck. They took him on their pay roll as a teamster, and later made him an apprentice at the carpenter's trade. After two years with that firm he continued his apprenticeship under Teakle & Golden, another firm of contractors, with whom he remained for fourteen years, during which time his apprenticeship was completed and his services thereafter for about two years were in the capacity of foreman. Mr. Moynes then went into partnership with his brother, and did a general carpenter contracting business for seven years. Having sold his interest, in I908 he and Elmer E. Wooll formed a partnership under the present name of James A. Moynes & Company. Unlike many firms of contractors, the James A. Moynes & Company do not rely entirely on outside sources for their building supplies, but maintain a large factory for manufacturing all classes of material except sash and doors. Practically all their timbers are sawed, fitted and finished in their own mills, and they thus possess unexcelled facilities for prompt and thorough work. In six years they have built hundreds of structures, including residences, factories, stores, churches and schoolhouses and all other classes of buildings. Mr. Moynes is one of the influential members of the Contractors' Association of Detroit, of the Michigan State Contractors' Association, and also of the Chamber of Commerce. He is affiliated with the American Eagle Lodge, I. O. O. F., with Zion Lodge No. I, A. F. & A. M., with the National Union Fraternal Order, and carries insurance in the Mutual Benefit of Newark, New Jersey. Mrs. Moynes before her marriage was Bertha Gayer, of Morriston, Ontario, daughter of John and Mary Gayer. They are the parents of four chlidren: Gayer William, Lillian, Stanley James and Margaret Bertha. GEORGE LUTON. One of the most successful lawyers of Newaygo county is George Luton, who has held a place of usefulness in his community for more than forty years, and is a man of most substantial attainments and accomplishments in professional and civic affairs. His standing in the community is well indicated by the fact that he was for twenty-six years continuously the incumbent of the office of prosecuting attorney. George Luton was born in the province of Ontario, December I8, I844, a son of William and Elizabeth (Crane) Luton. Grandfather William Luton saw service in the English army, during the American War of 1812, was a native of England, and afterwards settled in Ontario. The maternal grandfather, Frank Crane, born in Vermont, moved across the line into Ontario, and later went to the state of Illinois where he died. William Luton, the father, was born in 1820 and died February I3, I895, and the mother, who was born March 8, 1822, and was married in 1842, is still living, though past ninety years of age. Both parents have spent all their lives in Ontario, where the father was a successful farmer. They were members of the Christian church, and the father was in politics a Conservative. Of their seven children, five are still living and the Newaygo county attorney was the oldest, the others being William F., who is governor of the jail at St. Thomas, Ontario; Liza A., the widow of Peter Ostander, of St. Thomas; Edith, who married Dr. M. C. Sinclair, a physician of Grand Rapids; Frank L., who married a Mr. Church, and lives in Los Angeles, California.

Page  1841 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ' 1841 George Luton grew up and received a' preliminary education in the schools of St. Thomas, attended the Upper Canada College at Toronto, and was graduated in law in 187I. He had to earn the means for his higher education and when he began practice at Newaygo in 1873, it was as a poor young man without influential friends, and he has won his success entirely on demonstrated merit. In I876 he was elected to the office of prosecuting attorney of Newaygo county, and by repeated re-election held the office for twenty-six years, a record in that one office which has probably been seldom surpassed in Michigan. He has long been one of the leaders in local Republican politics. Mr. Luton is a Royal Arch Mason, was Master for eight years of Newaygo Lodge, No. 13I, A. F. & A. M., and was high priest for four years of Newaygo Chapter, No. 38, R. A. M. Since 1879 Mr. Luton has served as a member of the board of education, and was president of the village for four years. He is a director in the First State Bank of Newaygo and has prospered financially as well as in his profession. CHARLES G. PRATT, M. D. Engaged in the successful practice of his profession in the attractive village of Sparta, Dr. Pratt is numbered among the representative physicians and surgeons of Kent county and his substantial and constantly increasing practice affords the best voucher for his professional ability and personal popularity. Dr. Pratt has the distinction of claiming the great city of Chicago as the place of his nativity, and was born on the 7th of June, I873. He is a son of A. B. and Adelaide (Lowe) Pratt, both of whom were born and reared in the city of Rochester, New York, where their marriage was solemnized and whence they removed to Chicago in 1872, Mr. Pratt becoming a successful merchant in the great western metropolis, where his death occurred in I9II, the year of his birth having been I852. His widow, who was born in I855, now resides in Chicago. She is a daughter of Edward Lowe, who was of English descent and a native of the state of New York, where he passed his entire liife. He was a successful salt manufacturer and had other capitalistic interests. As a member of a New York regiment he was a gallant soldier of the Union during the entire period of the Civil war. Zelotes Pratt, grandfather of the Doctor, was a resident of the old Empire state during the entire period of his life and the family lineage is traced back to staunch English origin, he having been a successful school teacher in his earlier years and having long been numbered among the able and prosperous representatives of the agricultural industry in the state of New York. A. B. Pratt was a stalwart Republican in his political allegiance, and was affiliated with the Masonic fraternity and the Benrrevolent & Protective Order of Elks. He was a zealous member of the Presbyterian church, as is also his widow. Of the three children the eldest is R. A., who is engaged in the meat and ice business at Woodstock, Illinois; Dr. Charles G., of this review, was the next in order of birth; and James T. is engaged in the retail grocery business at Freeport, Illinois. The excellent public schools of Chicago afforded Dr. Pratt his earlier educational advantages, which were supplemented by his study in the academic or literary department of the University of Illinois. In the medical department of this institution he was graduated as a member of the class of I896 and with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. After his graduation he gained valuable clinical experience through serving eighteen months as interne in the Cook County hospital, in the city of Chicago, and he thereafter was engaged in practice at Chicago until I90o, when he established his residence in the village of Sparta, Michigan, where he has since followed the work of his profession with all of zeal and ability

Page  1842 1842 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and where he controls a large and lucrative practice. He is a member of the Kent County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. He is unfaltering in his devotion to his humane profession and his chief diversion is gained through the medium of occasional hunting and fishing trips. He is a Republican in politics and is affiliated with the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. In I897 Dr. Pratt wedded Miss Martha Vincent, of Cleveland, Ohio, and they are leaders in the best social activities of their home community. They have no children. RUDOLPH VAN DYKE. A representative business man of Lowell, Kent county, Mr. Van Dyke is a scion of a family whose name has been identified with Michigan history for more than half a century, and he finds a definite satisfaction in reverting to this favored commonwealth as the place of his nativity. Mr. Van Dyke is president of the City State Bank of Lowell, one of the staunch financial institutions of Kent county, and he is one of the progressive and influential citizens of the county that has ever represented his home and in which his success has been achieved through well directed effort along normal and productive lines of enterprise. Mr. Van Dyke was born on a farm in Browne township, Kent county, Michigan, on the 2d of January, I866, and is a son of Peter and Margaret (Ronan) Van Dyke, the former of whom was born in Holland, in the year 1820, and the latter of whom was a native of Ireland, where she was born in I829 and whence she came with her parents to America when she was a child. Peter Van Dyke immigrated from Holland in 1858 and established his home in Michigan, having become one of the pioneer farmers and honored citizens of Kent county and having here continued his residence until his death, in I866. He was a Republican in politics and both he and his wife were communicants of the Catholic church. Two of his brothers gave loyal service as Union soldiers in the Civil war, and he himself was ever imbued with deep appreciation of the advantages of the land of his adoption. His wife long survived him and was nearly eighty years of age at the time of her demise, in I908, their only child, Rudolph, -of this review, having been an infant at the time of the father's death. Rudolph Van Dyke attended the common schools of his native county until he had attained to the age of fourteen years, when he began to depend largely upon his own resources, a fact that indicates fully that he *~has been the artificer of his own fortunes and has proved one of the productive workers of the world. As a boy he was employed in the lumber woods and saw mills, and at the age of eighteen years he became a clerk in a general store. Later he worked in a clothing store, and for a time he did effective service as traveling salesman for machinery. Mr. Van Dyke has maintained his home at Lowell since I886 and has had much to do with the civic and business activities of this thriving little ~city, where he has served in minor municipal offices and also as president.of the village board of trustees, his administration as chief executive having been notably of benefit to the town. He is president of the City State Bank of Lowell, which is incorporated with a capital stock of $25,ooo and which maintains a surplus fund of $Io,ooo, the average deposits of the institution having an aggregate of $275,000. The bank was organized in 1907 and has proved a most valuable addition to the financial and general business facilities of the town in which it is established. In I894 Mr. Van Dyke engaged in the grocery business in Lowell, and from a modest inception the enterprise was built up to one of substantial order, -the business having been originally conducted under the title of R. Van

Page  1843 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1843 Dyke & Company, with Mr. Van Dyke as one of the interested principals. He is now the executive head of this business, which is the largest of its kind in Lowell, and he finds ample demands upon his time and attention in supervising his grocery establishment and the bank of which he is president, the while he has impregnable place in the confidence and esteem of the community. In politics Mr. Van Dyke is found aligned as a loyal supporter of the principles of the Democratic party, and he and his family are communicants of the Catholic church. He is affiliated with the lodge of Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks in the city of Grand Rapids and is one of the well known citizens of Kent county. In the year I888 Mr. Van Dyke wedded Miss Nellie Garrick, of Ionia, this state, and the two children of the union are Rudolph D. and Beatrice A. The son was graduated in the engineering department of the University of Michigan and now holds a responsible position in the city of Grand Rapids. The daughter has recently completed a course in a kindergarten training school at Grand Rapids and is also a talented musician. The loved wife and mother passed to the life eternal in I894, and in I896 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Van Dyke to Miss Minnie Howe, of Lowell, no children having been born of this union. Mrs. Van Dyke is active in church work and in the representative social life of her home city, where her circle of friends is limited only by that of her acquaintances. HENRY D. WOODWARD. Some men seem destined by nature to succeed; no matter what obstacles appear in their path, they are able to overcome them if for no other reason than that of a persistent determination. Michigan's best citizenship is made up of men who were handicapped in their earlier years, and whose latent ability have been brought forth through the necessity to labor hard and faithfully, and have thus reached a measure of success which under different conditions might never have attended their efforts. An example of such a successful business man is Henry D. Woodward, banker, and land owner and former lumberman of Newaygo. Among other achievements to his credit, Mr. Woodward wore the blue uniform and fought in the ranks of the Union army during the Civil war. Henry D. Woodward was born in Allegany county, New York, April 2, I845, a son of Samuel M. and Lucina (Caswell) Woodward. Massachusetts was the native state of both parents, where the father was born in I813, and the mother in I816. After their marriage they came west and in I852 settled in Michigan, where the father was for many years a prosperous farmer. Both parents died in the same year, I883. They were members of the Methodist church and the father was a Republican in politics. Of their six children, the only ones now living is Henry D. Woodward. He was seven years of age when the family settled in Michigan, grew up on a farm, attended country schools, and at an early age decided that the only way for him to win success was to depend upon his own energies and to fight the battle of life squarely, and without seeking advantages of any kind, except such as came by industry and by vigilance. He early became identified with the lumbering industry, when it was at its high tide of prosperity, and eventually became an independent operator and did business on a large scale. That was the foundation of his fortune, and he continued as a lumberman until in I884 he was honored with election to the office of probate judge of Newaygo county. Twelve years of capable service in this office was followed by his influential part in assisting in the organization of the First State Bank of

Page  1844 1844 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Newaygo, of which he is one of the directors. This bank is an institution which has long stood the test of time, and service, and has a capital of twenty-thousand dollars and a surplus of twelve thousand. In I866 Mr. Woodward married Miss Adeline E. Slater, a daughter of Amos Slater, who was one of the early settlers and farmers of Newaygo county. Mr. and Mrs. Woodward have one child, Jennie A., who married Daniel Minogue. They in turn are the parents of three children, grandchildren of Mr. Woodward, as follows: Raymond D., who is proprietor of a men's furnishing store in Newaygo; Ruth, who married Harold' Day and lives in Brigham City, Utah; and Rolland E., who is attending college in his senior year at Lansing. Mr. Woodward is a member of the Methodist church, has been a Republican all his voting life, and has served as senior warden in the Masonic Lodge. In August, I863, when a young man of eighteen, he entered the Union army in Company A of the Tenth Michigan Cavalry. His service continued for more than two years until his final discharge November II, I865, several months after the close of the war. At Knoxville, Tennessee, he was captured, but was paroled after forty-eight hours. Mr. Woodward is one of the large land owners in this part of Michigan, and during the past year sold three valuable farms. DAVTD G. MIANGE. Of the representative business men of the thriving little city of Lowell, Kent county, none is more progressive or enjoys a fuller measure of personal popularity than does Mr. Mange, who holds the responsible position of cashier of the Lowell State Bank and whose advancement in the world represents the concrete results of his own efforts. Mr. Mange was born at Stryker, Williams county, Ohio, on the g9th of December, I875, and is a son of John G. and Rosa (Krause) Mange, both natives of the fair little republic of Switzerland, where the former was born in 1849 and the latter in I844. They were children at the time of the immigration of the respective families to the United States and their parents settled in the immediate vicinity of St. Louis, Missouri. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. John G. Mange was solemnized in the city of St. Louis, and their lives were marked by signal consecration to high ideals. Mr. Mange gained a liberal education, in Missouri and at IJpper Alton, Illinois, and for many years he labored zealously as an evangelist, in which capacity his labors extended into the most diverse parts of the Union. He passed the closing days of his long and useful life at Lowell, where he died in the year I906, and his widow now resides at Lowell. Of the four children David G., of this review is the elder of the two surviving, and Edith M. is now a clerical assistant in the office of Dr. McDannell, of Lowell, her desire of following the vocation of teaching having been nullified by a disorder of her eyes. To the public schools of Ohio and Michigan is David G. Mange indebted for his early educational discipline, and he has been dependent upon his own resources from early youth. In I890 he became a resident of Lowell, and here he attended the high school for three years. In 1893 he assumed a minor position in the Lowell State Bank, and in this institution his ability and faithful service have won him advancement, together with implicit official confidence and public esteem. He is now cashier of the bank, which is incorporated with a capital stock of $30,0oo, with undivided profits of $I7,000 and with deposits of fully $350,000. Mr. Mange is also a member of the directorate of this substantial and popular institution, and in connection with his official duties he has built up an excellent business as an insurance underwriter. He is a notary public, and as such does a large amount of work in conveyanc

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Page  1845 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1845 ing and the handling of abstracts of title. He is now serving his second term as a member of the village council of Lowell, and his political allegiance is given to the Republican party. He is essentially liberal and progressive and has been an active and valued promoter of the work of the Iowell Board of Trade. He gives support to religious and benevolent activities and Mrs. Mange is a member of the First Methodist Episcopal church in Lowell, as well as a popular factor in the representative social activities of the village. The year I9oo recorded the marriage of Mr. Mange to Miss Lavancha E. Cogswell, of Lowell, and the two children of this union are Richard D. and Lester R. ELMER ELLSWORTH WOOLL. Success in no department of human activities is possible without preparation and native or acquired ability, and the business record of E. E. Wooll, a well-known Detroit contractor, exemplifies this assertion. While a youth in Saginaw county, he gained a knowledge of an important branch of lumber manufacture, later took up the trade of carpenter, and finally with long and thorough experience behind him joined the firm of J. A. Moynes & Company, known today as one of the leading carpenter contractors and manufacturers of building material in Detroit. Elmer Ellsworth Wooll is a native of Michigan, born on his father's farm in Fairfield township of Shiawassee county, October 24, I86I, a son of Moses and Louisa J. (Bates) Wooll. Moses Wooll was born in England in 1823, and the grandfather, Kingston Wooll, brought his family to the United States in 1833, settling in Medina county of the Western Reserve of Ohio. About 1850 the grandfather made another move, this time to Michigan, and bought government land in Clinton county. Moses Wooll grew to manhood in Ohio, learned the trade of wagonmaker, and for many years was in business at Oakley, in Saginaw county, where his death occurred in 1887. His widow died in Oakley in I891 at the age of sixty-five. Elmer E. Wooll was about six years old when the family moved in I867 to Oakley in Saginaw county, and that was the locality in which his boyhood was passed, where he gained his education, and where he made his first ventures in practical life. With a common school education, he early found himself in the practical routine of self-support, and up to I890 was engaged in a stave factory. That year saw his removal to Detroit, and for about four years he was employed as a journeyman carpenter. He next became shop foreman for the contracting firm of Moynes Bros., and about I9o8 he and James A. Moynes founded the present firm of James A. Moynes & Company, carpenter contractors and manufacturers of their own building materials. The two partners are recognized as among the ablest men in their profession in Detroit, and how successful the firm has been is told somewhat in detail in the sketch of the senior member on other pages of this publication. Mr. Wooll has membership in Olive Branch Lodge No. 38, I. 0. O. F., and in Old Glory Encampment No. 171 of the same order; also belongs to the Maccabees and the National Union fraternal organization. In the line of his business he belongs to the Master Carpenters' Association. Mr. Wooll was married May 21, I9OI, to Miss Louise J. Iossing, who was born in Sanilac county, Michigan, a daughter of Lanson Lossing, who was a native of Ontario, Canada. TOHIN HARWOOD. During a career of more than thirty years at the Michigan bar, Mr. Harwood has exemplified all the success and the gen

Page  1846 1846 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN erous public service of a representative lawyer. He has been honored on many occasions with positions of responsibility and trust, and is the type of man whose life began without special advantages, except such as he secured by his own efforts, and he rose from a place of comparative poverty to a high rank in his community and state. John Harwood was born in England, March 24, 1843, a son of Robert and Hannah (Rugg) Harwood. His grandfather was named Robert Harwood, and also his great-grandfather. Grandfather Harwood lived in England all his days, and was a blacksmith by trade. Robert Harwood, the father, was born in I809, and died in I862, while his wife was born in 1807 and died in i865. Mlarried in England, they moved to America in 1852, settling in New York State, where the father followed his trade of blacksmith until his death. He and his wife were members of the Methodist church, and after taking out citizenship papers in this country, he devoted his support to the Whig and Republican party. Of the seven children three are now living. Mary is the wife of Dr. Welsh and lives at Castleton, New York; Annie is the widow of Mort IHeulette, and lives with her sister in New York. Mr. John Harwood was nine years old when the family came to America, supplemented such advantages as he had received in England by further attendance at the New York public schools, and finished his education in the Normal school at Albany. At the conclusion of his studies he went before the state board and was given after an examination a life certificate as a teacher. Twenty years of his career were devoted to educational work, and Mr. Harwood has hundreds of former pupils living in various parts of the country, and many of them are prominent in affairs, all of whom recall his capable services with gratitude. In I869 on coming to Michigan, he settled at Concord in Jackson county, was a teacher there, and while continuing his work in the school room was also studying law. In I880 came his admission to the bar, and since then he has been in practice at White Cloud, though much of his time has been taken up with official duties. In I866 he married Harriett A. Fuller, of Cobleskill, New York. The one child of that marriage was Nettie who married Arthur W. Robertson, of Detroit, a boot and shoe maker in that city. Mr. Harwood married for his second wife, Mary A. Storman, of Saginaw, Michigan, who came to White Cloud when a child with her parents. She died in White Cloud, June 15, I913. She was the mother of two children, Robert, who is in school, and John. Mr. Harwood affiliates with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and has long been prominent in the Republican party. He served eight years as circuit court commissioner, was school commissioner for two years, a member of the county board of school examiners for twenty-seven years, and supervisor of Wilcox township fifteen consecutive years, one of the highest honors ever paid to a township official in the county. For eleven years he held the position of postmaster at White Cloud, and since retiring from the office in I912, has once more resumed the active practice of law. Mr. Harwood owns a good farm and considerable farm property, and handles real estate in addition to his practice in the courts. RoY J. TURNER, M. D. Although Dr. Roy J. Turner is numbered among the more recent acquisitions to the medical profession of Macomb county, where he is engaged in the general practice of medicine at New Baltimore, he has already won a large and growing patronage, for he is thoroughly conversant with the most modern methods known to the members of his profession, and the results which have followed his labors have gained for him the trust and confidence of the public at large. Doc

Page  1847 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1847 tor Turner's success is all the more creditable, in that it has been entirely self-gained; he has won his own way, unaided by any influence or adventitious circumstance. Roy J. Turner was born at Eureka, Clinton county, Michigan, January 28, I88o, and is a son of Daniel and Sarah J. (Cliff) Turner. His father, a native of New York state, early learned the trade of cabinetmaker and was so engaged in his native community for some years. As a young man he came to St. Johns, Clinton county, Michigan, and while there enlisted in a Michigan Regiment of Volunteer Infantry for service during the Civil War, but the close of that struggle came before his command was called to the front. He became well known as a cabinet — maker and for years carried on that business at St. Johns and other points in Clinton county, but finally entered the contracting business as a carpenter and is so engaged at this time in Detroit. Although seventy-two years of age he continues to be active in his business, in which he has gained a satisfactory measure of success. Mr. Turner was married at St. Johns to Miss Sarah J. Cliff, who was born in England and came to America alone in childhood. She first settled at Detroit, where she was educated, and became a school teacher, being engaged in educational work at the time she met Mr. Turner at St. Johns. She is now a resident of Detroit and is sixty-seven years of age. To Daniel and Sarah J. Turner there were born four children, of whom Doctor Turner is the youngest. Roy J. Turner grew up at Eureka, where he received his preliminary educational training in the graded and high schools. Later he was a student in the high school at St. Johns, from which he was graduated in I9OI, and after some preparation entered the Michigan College of Surgery at Detroit, being graduated from both the medical departments in I906. He at once entered upon the practice of his calling at Anchorville, St. Clair county, and remained there for six and one-half years, at the end of which time, seeking a wider field, he came to New Baltimore, in 1913. He maintains well equipped offices and has every modern appliance for the successful practice of medicine and surgery. His practice is daily increasing as his ability is becoming recognized, and he already numbers among his patients some of the most representative people of this locality. An earnest student, a careful practitioner, a steady-handed surgeon and a man possessed of deep sympathy, Doctor Turner may well be said to be one who has chosen wisely in his vocation. He is a member of the St. Clair Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. His religious connection is with the Congregational church, in which he serves as a member of the board of trustees. Doctor Turner was married at Bancroft, Michigan, September 12, I905, to Miss Blanche A. Harrick, a graduate of the Nurse's Institute and Woods' Hospital, at Angola, Indiana, who has been able to assist her husband greatly in his work. Mrs. Turner is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Harrick, well-known pioneers of Bancroft. Two children have come to Doctor and Mrs. Turner: Roy, Junior, born at Anchorville, October 27, I907, and who died at Anchorville, February 20, 1909; Lucy Evelyn, who was born at Anchorville, Michigan, in I909. Both the Doctor and his estimable wife are prominent in New Baltimore, where they have already gained a host of warm friends. CARL A. WAGNER. Prominent among the leading citizens and lawyers of Port Huron, Carl A. Wagner has long been a conspicuous figure in military circles, having, while inspector of small-arms practice and inspector general for the state, very materially contributed to making

Page  1848 1848 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Michigan a leader among the other states of the Union in regard to rifle practice, an important branch of military instruction, in which he is an expert. A native of Huron County, Michigan, he was born November I8, 1858, in Bingham township, being the second white child born in that locality, the birth of the first white child of that township having occurred the previous day, on November 17, I858. His father, Andrew Wagner, was born in Bavaria, Germany, June I4, I823, and as a young man served for three years in the German army. Immigrating to America, he lived for a short time in New York City, and subsequently followed his trade as a stone cutter in Cleveland, Ohio, for a short time. In 1855, he bought one hundred and sixty acres of land of the government in Huron County, and began clearing the land and established a home there. About I86o he removed with his family to Detroit, where, after the breaking out of the Civil war, he enlisted in the Twenty-fourth Michigan Volunteer Infantry (Iron Brigade), and was with his command in several engagements of importance, including the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and at Gettysburg. In the battle of Gettysburg, on July I, I863, while carrying the colors, he was shot through the breast and left for dead on the battlefield. Recovering, however, he returned to his farm in Huron County, Michigan, and there resided until his death, in April, I867. He married first in Germany and by that union had one child, Margaret Gertrude, who is now the wife of Frank Goetz, of Cleveland, Ohio. Andrew Wagner married, for his second wife, in i85I, in New York City, Mrs. Lucy Dorothy (Muff) Seitz, who was born in Wiirtemberg, Germany, December IO, 182I, and died in Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania, September 22. 1905. She was twice married, by her first union having one daughter. Mrs. Louise M. Neff, of Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Wagner became the parents of four children, as follows: Mrs. Dora Danenburg, a widow, living in New York; Carl A., the special subject of this brief personal record; Minnie, born in I862, married Wesley Smith, and died at Port Huron, Michigan, April 9, I901; and Albert A., of Port Huron, who was born June I6, I864, and died at Port Huron, June 7, 1914. After the death of his father, Carl A. Wagner remained with his mother and the family on the home farm in Huron County, and lived there until the fall of T87I, when all of the farming property was destroyed by the forest fires. The widowed mother then removed with her children to Erie, Pennsylvania, and there lived with her daughter by her first marriage. Continuing his studies in the public schools of Erie, Carl A. Wagner was graduated from the Central high school and subsequently traveled a short time as salesman for a firm dealing in household specialties. In the spring of I88o, harkening to the "call of the soil," Mr. Wagner's mother, brother and sister came back to the old farm in Huron county, Michigan, and had just made a good start in improving the place, when, in I88I, fire again destroyed everything on the place, with the exception of the house. Mr. Wagner had charge of a branch store of the Lovell Manufacturing Company in Worcester, Massachusetts, from I88o to September, I885, at which time he returned to his native state and entered the law department of the University of Michigan, from which he was gradnated with the class of I887. During the ensuing two years he was engaged in the practice of law at Bad Axe, the county-seat of Huron County. In I889 Mr. Wagner located at Port Huron, and has since been a valued and highly esteemed resident of this city, and member of the bar of St. Clair County. He has taken an active part in local affairs, in 1894 having been elected police justice for a term of four years, and re

Page  1849 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1849 elected to the same office in I898. He has built up a successful law practice and enjoys an enviable reputation as a lawyer. In I898 Mr. Wagner was second lieutenant of the Port Huron military company, and when war was declared against Spain he went into camp with his company at Island Lake, on April 26, 1898. Soon after the Michigan Division of the Sons of Veterans organized two companies from its membership, and offered them to the State of Michigan for service. Mr. Wagner was selected as captain of the first company, which was assigned to the Thirty-third Michigan Volunteer Infantry, becoming Company L of that regiment, commanded by Colonel Boynton of Port Huron. The regiment went to Cuba during the Spanish-American war, and on July I, I898, at Aguadores, two of the soldiers in Captain Wagner's company were killed and three wounded. In December, I898, at the close of the war, Captain Wagner was mustered out of the service with his company. In November, I9oo, when Colonel Boynton was appointed brigadier general of the Michigan National Guard, Captain Wagner was commissioned major and made assistant inspector general on the general's staff. In June, 1903, General William T. McGurrin appointed Captain Wagner major and inspector of small-arms on his staff. Two years later, in June, I905, Governor Warner of Michigan, appointed him inspector general of Michigan, with the rank of Brigadier General, a position he held continuously until the office was abolished by law in I9II, when he was retired from active service. He was a very efficient officer and while inspector of small-arms practice built the first modernly equipped rifle range ever constructed in the State. When General Wagner was first appointed inspector of small-arms practice, very little interest in rifle practice was taken by any one in Michigan, but through his persistent energy and effort the subject was brought before the military department of the state and an active interest was created, and he had the pleasure of seeing this branch of military instruction grow, under his fostering care, to splendid proportions, Michigan becoming one of the foremost states in the Union in regard to rifle practice. Gen. Wagner is a life member of; the National Rifle Association of America, and was for eight years a member of the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice, a board that meets in the office of the assistant secretary of war, in January of each year, and formulates rules for the National matches. He was deputy inspector of customs from July, I889, until July, 1893, and for a number of years was chairman of the Republican city committee. Fraternally he belongs to the Free and Accepted Masons; to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows; to the Knights of Pythias; to the Modern Woodmen of America; and to both branches of the Knights of the Maccabees. Since a boy of fifteen years he has been a faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Wagner was married in Worcester, Massachusetts, June 13, 1883, to Minnie E. Rice, and they with their four children have a pleasant home at No. Ioo9 Lincoln Avenue. The children are: Chester S., Louise M., Edith D. and Roy Smith Wagner. WrAITER EDWARD OTTO. Among Michigan's state officials whose work constitutes an important public service and who have measured up to all the responsibilities and opportunities of their office is Walter Edward Otto, actuary of the State, Insurance Department at Lansing. Mr. Otto is a native of Michigan, was born in the city of Detroit, February 24, 1888, and though less than thirty years of age has already made a name and is regarded as one of the experts in his line of work in the country. He is descended from two old and well known German

Page  1850 1850 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN families of Detroit, the Ottos and the Ewalds. His father was the late Rudolph Otto, who was born in Germany in I863, son of Edward Otto, who emigrated with his family to America in 1867, and located in Detroit the same year. Edward Otto was a German shoe cobbler, and had one of the old-time shoe shops of Detroit for many years. Rudolph Otto, who was four years of age when he came to Detroit, grew up in that city, learned the trade of machinist, and as an engineer held several positions of responsibility with large manufacturing concerns. His death occurred in I893 at the age of thirty years. His wife's maiden name was Miss Anna Ewald, who was born in Detroit, daughter of Jacob Ewald. Jacob Ewald was likewise a native of Germany, settled in Detroit many years ago, and there became one of the leading mason contractors, having built many of the oldtime structures of the older city, including contract work on the old Russel House and also the old City Hall. Walter E. Otto grew up in Detroit, attended the grammar and high schools of that city, and his education was finished with a full course in the Detroit University, which graduated him in 1905. His talent for accounts and other inclinations had already decided him upon work in the field of insurance, and with that ambition he entered the offices of the Michigan Mutual Life Insurance Company of Detroit, and spent a year in the Actuarial Department. In November, 1907, his service with the state began by appointment to a minor position in the Actuarial Department of the State Insurance Office at Lansing. After a short time Mr. Otto was promoted chief clerk of the department, then was made assistant actuary, and since June, I9Io, has held the responsible position of actuary. His pronounced ability and his thorough and efficient service in the State Insurance Department have constituted him an authority in his special line of work. Mr. Otto is affiliated with Lansing Lodge, No. 33, A. F. & A. M. LTEUT. EDWIN RUTHVEN HAVENS, of Lansing, deputy state land commissioner, has been identified as an official of the land office for a longer tenure than any man of the present day. Born in the town of Stafford, Genesee county, New York, May 25, 1842, he is a son of William C. and Lisett (Snow) Havens, natives of the Empire state, the father being born in St. Lawrence county, in I8o5, and the mother east of Albany, in 18JI. The parents were married in New York, and in 1851 brought their family to Michigan, settling in Niles township, Berrien county, where a farm was purchased by the father. Later the parents removed to Cass county, Michigan, where the father died in 1884 while the mother survived some years and passed away at Lansing, in I899. The grandfather of Lieutenant Havens was Abner Havens, a native of New York. Edwin Ruthven Havens was reared on the home farm in Berrien township, and there his education was secured in the district schools. On June 30, I862, he left home for the first time, going to the neighboring town of Buchanan, where he had secured a position as clerk in a general store. On September 12 of the same year, he commenced his military career, when he was accepted as a member of Company A. Seventh Regiment, Michigan Cavalry (General Custer's old brigade), and was mustered into the service as sergeant. He was later promoted to first sergeant and in June, I865, was commissioned second lieutenant, being mustered out with that rank at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and securing his final discharge at Detroit, December 28, I865. The history of the Seventh Michigan Cavalry is the history of Lieutenant Havens, for he was with it constantly throughout the war, although after the campaign which embraced Gettysburg he was out of the line to some extent, being on daily duty

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Page  1851 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1851 with the Quartermaster's Department for about fifteen months. After the war, realizing the need of further education, Lieutenant Havens took a course in a commercial college at Ann Arbor, in I866, and then accepted a position as clerk at the village of Watervliet, in Berrien county. In 1872 he was nominated, without his knowledge, by the Republican party, for township clerk of Watervliet township, and the next day was also nominated for that position by the Democrats. His election was naturally unanimous, and in that office he continued to serve until I877. Three years later Lieutenant Havens was elected on the Republican ticket to the office of register of deeds of Berrien county, serving four years. and after his official term expired went to Janesville, Wisconsin, and for three years clerked in a hardware store. In I888 he was appointed to a position in the Michigan state land office, and continued there until a change in the administration occurred in I89I, when he was released, and at that time became a traveling salesman. In January, I893, however, he was again appointed to the Michigan state land office, and has continued to be associated with the department to the present time, a period coveirng twenty-two continuous years. Lieutenant Havens was appointed deputy commissioner in December, I898, and served in that capacity until January, I9OI, when on a change in administration, he became chief clerk, an appointment which he held until August, I913, when he was again promoted deputy commissioner. His long service has been characterized by the strictest devotion to duty, and few men have rendered their state more faithful or efficient labors. In December, 1871, Lieutenant Havens was married to Eliza Ann Stewart, who was born at Coloma, Berrien county, Michigan, daughter of Archibald and Eliza Ann Stewart, and to this union there have been born seven children: Lucia, who is now Mrs. W. C. Mealoy; Lida A; Coral R., a teacher of domestic science in the Detroit city schools; Charles Edwin, a resident of Detroit; Maribelle; Edna, and Roscoe R. Lieutenant Havens is a member of Charles C. Foster Post, No. 42, Grand Army of the Republic. He still continues to maintain his allegiance to the Republican party, and is widely and prominently known in political circles in the state. His home is at No. 924 West lonia street. LLOYD LESTER BELLVILLE. Although he is numbered among the more recent acquisitions to the architectural profession in Detroit, Lloyd Lester Bellville may be accounted one of the most promising men of his calling in the city. He was born at Wyandotte, Wayne county, Michigan, November 5, I89I, and comes from a line of builders, he being in the third generation of the family to be identified with building and architecture in Michigan. Mr. Bellville's grandfather, William R. Bellville, was a master builder in Ohio and Michigan, and erected numerous buildings in Wyandotte, among them a number of public schools of that place. His son, William Bellville, who was associated with him for some years, is now a master builder of Wyandotte. William R. Bellville was born in New York state, from whence he removed to Wood county, Ohio. During the Civil War he enlisted in an Ohio regiment of volunteer infantry, for service in the Union Army, and continued to wear the uniform of his country six years. He was married in Ohio to Rebecca Williams, who was born at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and in the spring of 1875 he removed to Manistee, Michigan, although ten years later he returned to Ohio. In I889 he again came to Michigan, this time locating permanently at Wyandotte, where both he and his estimable wife passed away. Nelson S. Bellville, the father of Lloyd Lester Bellville, was born at Perrysburg, Wood county, Ohio, October I8, I86I. He received his

Page  1852 1852 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN education in the public schools of Ohio and Michigan, and proved himself an attentive and retentive scholar, and when he laid aside his books set about industriously to learn the carpenter's trade. At this he worked for some years, gradually drifting into the contracting and building business, and continued to follow that vocation until coming to Detroit, in I909, when he retired from active building and has since confined himself to draughting. The mother, Oda N. Denno, was born on her father's farm in Wayne county, Michigan, November 21, I875, the daughter of Peter Denno, a farmer of Wayne county, and sister of Oliver B. Denno, who was a noted Detroit architect, and is now engaged in the practice of that profession in Chicago, Illinois. Lloyd Lester Bellville was reared at Wyandotte, and was educated in the public schools. On both sides of the family he had inherited a predilection for building and architecture, and even as a schoolboy decided to become an architect and began preparing for the profession. As a lad he spent the greater part of his spare time around his grandfather's and uncle's offices, and even as a youth in his early 'teens could prepare a very creditable plan. In I9IO he entered the offices of his uncle, Oliver B. Denno, and studied under him for one year, when his uncle took him into partnership. In I912, when Mr. Denno decided to remove to Chicago, Mr. Bellville purchased the business, and has since continued by himself with unusual success for one of his years. He does general architectural work, and probably no other one architect has put up or furnished plans for as many buildings as has he in the same length of time. At Toledo, Ohio, May 7, I912, Mr. Bellville was united in marriage with Miss Agnes Lemeraud, the daughter of A. Lemeraud, of that city, and to this union there has come one daughter: Arittie Catherine. Mr. Bellville maintains well appointed offices at No. 542 Mount Elliott avenue. SAMUEL DEWITT PEPPER. Prominent among the state officials of Michigan is found Samuel DeWitt Pepper, of Lansing, assistant attorney general of Michigan, judge advocate of the Michigan National Guard, a lawyer of established reputation, and a citizen of genuine worth and stability. Mr. Pepper was born near the city of London, Ontario, Canada, of American parents, his father, Alexander Pepper, being a native of Rockford, Illinois, and his mother, Catherine (McArthur) Pepper, of County Middlesex, Ontario. His paternal forbears were Virginians, while his maternal ancestors were of a Highland Scotch clan of Argyleshire. Samuel D. Pepper received his early education at Forest, Ontario, and was an honor graduate of the London Normal school, and an undergraduate of Toronto University, after which he taught schol for a few years. In I903 he entered the law offices of Moore & Wilson and Cady & Crandall, of Port Huron, and later studied with Phillips & Jenks, also of that city. In 1905 Mr. Pepper took a special course in law at the University of Michigan, and in April, I906, passed the Michigan State Bar examination at Lansing and was admitted to practice. For a time after his admission to the bar, Mr. Pepper continued with Phillips & Jenks, of Port Huron, making rapid progress in his profession in the meantime, but in I908 formed a partnership with Hugh H. Hart, of St. Clair, at that time opening offices at Port Huron and entering general practice in December of that year. Mr. Pepper's advancement was so rapid and his ability so' fully recognized, that February I2, I912, the then attorney general of the state, now Judge Kuhn of the Supreme bench, appointed him assistant attorney general, in which office he has since made an enviable

Page  1853 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1853 record and has represented the state in some of its most important litigation, specializing in the school, municipal health, highway, military, insurance, banking, and probate laws of the state. At the present time he is advisor to the highway department of insurance, department of banking, and military department, and at various other times has acted in a like capacity for other departments. Mr. Pepper became connected with the Michigan National Guard in April, 1905, and in September, I908, was commissioned second lieutenant of Company C, Third Regiment, Port Huron. He was subsequently promoted and commissioned judge advocate general of Michigan by Governor Osborn, in September, I912, with rank of major, a position he has continued to hold. During the recent strike in the Calumet copper country, Mr. Pepper represented the state and defended it in the investigation of the strike during I913-I4, succeeding in exonerating the militia of the charges brought against it. On September Io, 1907, Major Pepper was married to Miss Katherine MacDonald, of Charlevoix, Michigan, daughter of Godfrey MacDonald, and they have a daughter, Elizabeth Marion, born October 4, IgIo. While a resident of Port Huron, Mr. Pepper was prominent and active in public and military affairs, and has so continued at Lansing. He is a member of the Baptist Church, as is Mrs. Pepper, and fraternally is connected with the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order of Foresters, the Knights of the Maccabees and the Woodmen of the World. HOWARD R. FORD. In the young and progressive element of Bay City's business circles, Howard R. Ford has a place as member of the clothing and haberdashery firm of Ford & Simon. He comes of an old Michigan family, and though not yet thirty years of age has established himself securely in business. Howard R. Ford was born in Bay City September 9, I885, a son of Charles S. and Ella (Crane) Ford. The Ford family originated in Ireland, and the founder of the name in the United States settled in New York, where Charles S. Ford was born. The latter emigrated to Michigan as a young man, and established himself in business as a clothier in Bay City. During his long and successful career in that community he won the confidence of his associates and the esteem of those who knew him on account of his industry and honorable dealing. His death occurred February 2, I901, and his wife, a native of Michigan, is also deceased. Their three children were: Miss Edna, a resident of Bay City; Howard R.; and Ella, wife of George Kolb, Jr., of Bay City. Howard R. Ford attended the graded schools of Bay City, also the high school, and subsequently spent one year in the Military Academy at Faribault, Minnesota, and one year at Alma College, Alma, Michigan. At the completion of his studies he went to Chicago and traveled on the road for seven years, for two large Chicago houses. When he decided to enter business on his own account, Mr. Ford on September i, I9o8, formed a partnership with Theodore C. Simon, and under the firm style of Ford & Simon opened a haberdashery and clothing establishment at 702 East Midland street. This venture proved a success from the start, and the business has been constantly improved and broadened and is now one of the leading stores of its kind in Bay City. Mr. Ford is a Republican, but his only interest in politics is that taken by every good citizen whose concern is for the best welfare of his city. He is a member of the Recreation and Bay City Clubs, a Knight Templar Mason and a member of the Mystic Shrine, and also affiliates with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. He is a member of the Presbyterian church. Vol. IV-7

Page  1854 1854 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ALBERT W. TAUSEND. Born in Saginaw City, August 9, I873, Mayor Tausend is a son of Jacob and Mary (Trier) Tausend, the former a native of New York State, and the latter of Saxony, Germany. Jacob Tausend has for many years been a resident of Saginaw, and was one of the early contractors and builders of the city. A man of sterling character, he reared and educated his family to be a credit to their parents, and has held a high place in the citizenship of Saginaw for many years. He is now serving the city of Saginaw as director of the poor, which office he has now held for four years. There were five children, the present mayor of Saginaw, being the oldest, and the others as follows; Jacob Tausend, Jr., a resident of the state of Oregon; Caroline, wife of Martin Guderitz, of Saginaw; Anna J., wife of James T. Lehan of Saginaw; and William H. of Saginaw. Albert William Tausend had a public school education graduating from the Arthur Hill high school. His first regular employment came at the age of eighteen, when he became tally boy and shipping clerk for the C. I. Sweet Lumber Company of Saginaw. This was followed by six months employment as an advertising solicitor, with the Weekly World, after which the Saginaw Manufacturing Company employed him as shipping clerk. He spent two and a half years with that company. Mr. Tausend then formed a connection with the Magnetic Spring Water Company of Saginaw, who were lessees for commercial purposes of the waters of the celebrated St. Louis Magnetic Mineral Springs, located at St. Louis, Michigan. That was in I894, and in a few years he acquired a one-half interest in the business with Chas. A. Khuen as a co-partner, and since January, 1911, has been sole owner of this plant for the manufacture of high class carbonated and flavored beverages, and for the bottling and distribution of the St. Louis magnetic mineral water. The product is distributed throughout Michigan and adjacent states. An active Democrat, Mr. Tausend served as a member of the city council of Saginaw for ten years, and in I912, was honored with election to the office of mayor. His entire career has been spent in Saginaw, where his life and character are as an open book to the citizens. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Masonic Order, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Royal Arcanum, and the Knights of the Maccabees also being a member of the Teutonia Society and other clubs of Saginaw. On April I2, I897, he married Miss Georgina Melissa Landon. She was born in Brockville, Ontario, a daughter of George W. and Anna E. (Kilburn) Landon. The two children born to their marriage are; Albert Landon Tausend, fifteen years old, and Ann Burr, aged four years. MRS. FLINT P. SMITH. By her contributions to the building interests of Flint, Mrs. Flint P. Smith has won the right to a prominent place among those to whom the city is indebted for its growth and material advancement. Born September 26, I855, at Alexandria, Genesee county, New York, she is a daughter of Sebe and Loretta C. (Baldwin) Brainard. The Brainard family is one of the old and honored ones of New England, the founder emigrating from England and settling in Connecticut in colonial times. Harris Brainard, the grandfather of Mrs. Smith, served as a colonel in the Revolutionary War and the War of I812, and his descendants have distinguished themselves in military and civil life, in the professions and in business. Sebe Brainard was born in Alexandria, New York, in the same house which had been the birthplace of his father before him. He received excellent educational advantages and became known as the best grammarian of his locality, took an active part in local affairs, and devoted his activities to agriculture. He died May 30, T894, in the home of his birth, aged seventy-two years. Mr.

Page  1855 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1855 Brainard married Loretta C. Baldwin, who also came of an old Connecticut family of English descent, and whose father was Timothy G. Baldwin of Revolutionary fame. She still survives in the old Genesee county home, at the advanced age of eighty-five years, although still in good health. Two daughters were born to them: Carolina Augusta, who married Jerome Riddle and died October 7, 1893, at Alexandria, New York; and Franc Amanda, of this review. Mrs. Smith, who was four years older than her sister, was educated in Alexandria Seminary, and private schools of Rochester, New York, being given the best of advantages. She was married in her native city, August 25, 1875, to Flint Penfield Smith, who was born at Penfield, Ohio, his native town having been named after his maternal grandmother. He was born September 26, 1853, a son of Hiram and Maria G. (Penfield) Smith, natives of Ohio and members of leading families of the Buckeye state. His early education was secured in the public schools of Penfield, and later he attended the schools of Flint, Michigan, to which city he came as a youth of fifteen years. On the completion of his literary training he began his business life as a clerk with the firm of Vanepps & Bailey, grocers, with whom he was connected several years as he was also with Smith & Bridgman. In I874, at the age of twentyone years, he embarked in business on his own account, securing a capital of $,000o from his father, and after five years spent in the commission business entered the lumber business with his father, under the firm style of Hardwood, Smith & Company. Three years later his father died and Mr. Smith continued the business alone under the style of Flint P. Smith Lumber Company until I899. In that year he removed with his family to Orvisburg, Mississippi, and engaged extensively in the lumber business in Pearl River county under the firm name of Champion Lumber Company, a venture in which he met with marked success. He continued therein six years, and in I905 returned to Flint, where he lived a somewhat retired life, although his capital was devoted to real estate investments. His interests were large and varied, and among others included a directorship in the Union Trust and Savings Bank of Flint, Michigan, of which he was vice president. He was also a director and stockholder in the Meridian Savings Bank of Meridian, Mississippi, and the Poplarville Bank at Poplarville, that state, was a man in whom his associates and the general public placed the greatest confidence, and did much to further the interests of the communities in which he lived. He died at Flint, April 20, I909, when the city lost one of its most forceful men. He was a Republican in politics and was active in civic affairs, although he never sought personal preferment in public matters. Fraternally, he was a thirty-second degree Mason and a member of the Elks. He attended the Congregational church and was a liberal contributor to its movements. Mr. and Mrs. Smith were the parents of two children: Ward B., now a resident and business man of Houghton, Michigan; and Gwenola, who is now the wife of Sidney Tucker Jones, of New York City. Since the death of her husband Mrs. Smith has continued in the management and direction of his large estate, and has shown herself a capable business woman. In I9I0 and I9II she erected at a cost of over $200,000, what is now Flint's largest office building, the Flint P. Smith Building, named after her husband and erected in his honor. It is located in the heart of the business district of the city on South Saginaw and Union streets, adjacent to the Grand Trunk Railway and the Pere Marquette Railroad depots, the Interurban Lines, and the leading hotels and banks. This is the site of the old postoffice, which occupied the property for some twenty-five years. It is a nine-story office building, containing 164 offices,

Page  1856 1856 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN with the most modern methods of fireproof construction, and its tenants are furnished with every convenience in the way of hot and cold water, gas, electric light and compressed air in every room, while elevator service is available at all hours of the day and night. Mrs. Smith maintains offices in Room 912-I3 in this building, which is also the home of the Industrial Savings Bank. Among other structures Mrs. Smith erected the Smith building, and has been the developer of the most beautiful part of the city, Knob Hill. She is widely known in social circles of the city, in which she is an acknowledged leader, and has been actively known also in religious and charitable work. ALLEN D. SPANGLER. The oldest produce and fruit commission merchant of Saginaw, Mr. Spangler represents pioneer stock in central Michigan; his father ventured to the frontier, and helped establish civilization a little more firmly, and then sacrificed his life for his country during the war; and the son has known every phase of Michigan development since the log-cabin school era. He has long been one of the most successful and substantial Saginaw business men. In Clinton county, Michigan, Allen D. Spangler was born September 26, I857, a son of Jacob and Philena (Drayer) Spangler, natives of New York State. The father came to Michigan and settled in the township of Bath in Clinton county, where he secured some wild land, chopped lown the trees in order to clear a space for his home, and underwent all he hardships incident to existence in that section of Michigan. The nearest mills were at DeWitt, and Okamus, and it was a regular incident of family life to make a trip with ox teams to these mills, and Allen D. Spangler himself when a boy accompanied the wagon. It required one entire day to get to the mills and another to return. Jacob Spangler became a factor in local politics in Clinton county, held various township offices, and when the war came on enlisted and was assigned to the engineering corps in the Union army. He contracted fever, and his death occurred in a hospital in Nashville, Tennessee, in I862. His widow was again married and is now living once more a widow. her second husband having been John Watling. Her home is now with her daughter, Emily, at Lansing, Michigan. To Jacob Spangler and wife were born four children, Adelbert A. Spangler, whose home is in Woodhull, and who is a prominent farmer in Ingham county; Perry George Spangler, a traveling salesman, with headquarters in Cleveland, Ohio; Emily, wife of Edward L. Smith, of Lansing. Allen D. Spangler, the oldest of the family, has the honor of having brought into Saginaw the first carload of California oranges and the first carload of bananas, and is the largest dealer in country produce and wholesale commission fruit in the city. For the convenient transaction of his business seventy-five hundred feet of floor space are required, and he owns one of the most eligible corners in the business district, at Genesee and North Water Street. Mr. Spangler's early education was received in a log school in Clinton county. At the age of sixteen, his business career began, as clerk in the store of George W. Christian at Lansing, and during his stay at Lansing, he also attended the Parsons Business College. That gave him a familiarity with the business forms and proved very helpful in his subsequent career. His tuition at business college was paid for out of his earnings as a clerk. After three years in his first work, he got a better place with Amos Turner, who subsequently moved his store to Perry, Michigan. Mr. Spangler remained with Turner four years and then returned to Saginaw, and with his savings engaged in business with Darius Diamond, the firm being known as the Diamond Grocery Company. This was a retail concern, and was

Page  1857 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1857 quite prosperous. After one year, Mr. Spangler sold out to his partner, and went as manager for the Bentley Oil Company, with which concern he worked for two years. The J. T. Bell & Company, wholesale produce merchants then gave him a responsible place and kept his services for two years. On leaving the Bell Company, Mr. Spangler engaged in business for himself, and though his start was exceedingly modest, he has developed along different lines and built up the largest and now the oldest wholesale produce business in Saginaw. Until he got into this business at Saginaw, the largest importation of bananas had been one hundred bunches, which was considered a very large shipment, and only a few cases of oranges were ever brought in at one time. However, Mr. Spangler inaugurated the business on a much larger scale, and with greater faith in the local market, and brought in the first carload of California oranges, and shipped bananas by the carload. For many years Mr. Spangler also owned and operated a fine farm in the Saginaw valley running his place in connection with his markets. In I812 he sold the farm and his entire time is now occupied with his large and still expanding produce market. In politics he is a Democrat, is a Knight Templar Mason belongs to the Saginaw Country Club, and takes great pleasure in the game of golf. Mr. Spangler married Miss Sarah Diamond, daughter of Darius Diamond, at one time the partner of Mr. Spangler. They have no children, but Mr. Spangler is a man of such generosity, such love for youth, that he has taken two children into his home, given them the best of educational advantages, and has now one adopted daughter, Marion Isabelle Spangler. CLYDE WILLIS HECOX. Accomplished, large-minded, and progressive, Clyde Willis Hecox, editor and manager of the Saint Ignace Enterprise, has the distinction of being the publisher of the only Democratic paper issued in the Upper Peninsula, and is known as one of the most popular men in his profession. A son of Charles L. Hecox, he was born, June 9, I86I, at Vergennes, Kent county, Michigan, of pioneer ancestry. Charles L. Hecox was a native of the Empire State, coming from a family of considerable prominence, some of his ancestors having been contractors for the construction of the Erie canal, their contracts having been among the first issued for that great work. Leaving New York State at a comparatively early age, he came to Michigan as a pioneer, settling in Ionia county, where he built and operated the first sawmill. Establishing a successful business, he extended his interests, and was one of the first lumbermen to invade the rich pine forests of Montcalm county. He married Miss Linda Ford, and of the five children born of their union four are now living, Clyde Willis being the youngest child of the household. Educated in Greenville, Michigan, Clyde Willis Hecox was graduated from its schools in 1876, and immediately began learning the trade of a printer. Serving an apprenticeship in the office of the Greenville Independent, he subsequently made his way to Chicago, where, under the regime of Wilbur F. Story, he was for a while employed on the Chicago Times. He afterwards worked on the Louisville CourierJournal, and the New Orleans Picayune, gaining both knowledge and experience while thus employed. Returning to Michigan, Mr. Hecox, in company with Charles R. Stuart, founded the Chippewa County Democrat at Sault Sainte Marie, and later was very active in the formation of Luce county, and founded the Newberry News. He was subsequently editor of the Soo Record, the Soo News, the Soo Times, and the Soo Democrat, having charge of the latter named paper first.

Page  1858 1858 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN At present Mr. Hecox is editor and manager of the Saint Ignace Enterprise, which has a circulation of one thousand copies, and being the only Democratic organ in the Upper Peninsula, is widely read. Mr. Hecox has a perfectly equipped plant, furnished with a Babcock press, and a Merganthaler linotype. In publishing and editing his paper Mr. Hecox employs four men all of the time, and during the season doubles his office force, keeping eight men busy. Politically Mr. Hecox is a straightforward Democrat, and interested in public affairs, in 1883-4 serving as village clerk in the Soo, and in I904-5-6 serving in Soo as city recorder. Socially he is a member of the Upper Peninsula Press Association, and fraternally he belongs to St. Ignace Lodge, No. 369, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons; to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, of which he was secretary for three years; and is a member, and past chancellor commander of Red Cross Lodge, No. 51, Knights of Pythias. Religiously he is a member of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Hecox married, June 17, I884, Miss Ella A. Ashmun, daughter of Edward and Amanda (Chapman) Ashmun. For many years Mr. Ashmun was Indian interpreter for the Government for the northern counties of Michigan; a position for which he was well qualified, having been well educated, and speaking several languages fluently. He was afterwards in the lighthouse service, and for two terms was postmaster at Soo. Mr. and Mrs. Hecox have four children, namely: Don M. Hecox, who married Miss Ethel Howells; Florence M., wife of George E. Sturt; Paul W. Hecox, and Ella Ruth Hecox. Mrs. Hecox is an active worker in the Presbyterian Church, to which she belongs, being vice-president of the Missionary Society of Saint Ignace, and a member of the Ladies' Aid Society. She also is a member, and past chief, of the Pythian Sisters. LEBERECHT WASM,UND. The Batchelder-Wasmund Company, cutstone contractors and builders, at Detroit, of which Leberecht Wasmund is president, is, from the point of its record of long-continued existence, its financial responsibilities, its reliability and competence in performance, one of the foremost concerns of its kind in the state of Michigan. The president of the company has a'particularly interesting career of accomplishment, leading from a worker in the ranks of his trade to a place of influence and leadership in the state's largest city. A native of Germany, Leberecht Wasmund was born in the Province of Brandenburg, July I4, I863. Charles and Minnie (Miller) Wasmund, his parents, were also natives of Germany, the father born in 1821 and the mother in 1824. In I868 Frederick, a son, and Gusta, a daughter of Charles Wasmund and wife, left Germany and came to America, locating in Detroit the same year. In 1870 the rest of the family followed and all were reunited in Detroit. For a period of five years after arriving in that city Charles Wasmund was employed in different occupations, and finally bought a small farm north of the city and continued as a farmer until his death in I886. His widow died in Detroit in 1894. Leberecht Wasmund received his early education in the Lutheran parochial schools of Detroit, and took his first communion when thirteen years of age. An apt and studious pupil, before he left school he was frequently in charge of the other pupils as an assistant teacher during the absence of the regular teacher. It was his father's ambition to educate his son for the profession of teaching, but his financial circumstances never permitted of this course. Instead the boy left school at the age of fourteen and began an apprenticeship at the marble cutting trade with Mr. Glogner, the old marble man of that day. His four years'

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Page  1859 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1859 apprenticeship was followed by work as a journeyman cutter for Mr. Glogner until I885. That year marked his first employment for the old sand-stone firm of Batchelder & Long, whose stone yard was at the foot of Brush street and was the oldest yard in the city. While with that firm the serious illness of his father and the fracturing of a limb by his mother necessitated abandonment of work at his trade so that he might return to the farm to look after his parents. While his home was on the farm until the death of his father, after four months, Mr. Wasmund resumed work in the city. About that time Batchelder & Long had under way the erection of what is commonly known as the "Red Stone church" on the corner of Woodward avenue and Edmund place. They put him to work on that contract. The foreman in charge of the work died, and Mr. Wasmund finished the job as foreman. That is considered the finest church edifice in the city, and it is naturally a source of pride to Mr. Wasmund that his connection with its construction was of such a responsible nature and at so early a period of his career. Under the superintending of the architect, Mr. Wasmund also built Trinity, or the James E. Scripp's Memorial church, at the corner of Trumbull avenue and Myrtle street. The old firm of Batchelder & Reed about that time became that of Batchelder, Reed & Company, the company being Mr. Wasmund. The original Batchelder dying, his interests were taken by his cousin, John L. Batchelder, and still later John L. was succeeded by his son, Charles L., and the firm became Batchelder & Wasmund. When incorporated the name was slightly amended as Batchelder-Wasmund Company, with Mr. Wasmund as president; C. L. Batchelder, vice-president; Gustav Slyvester, treasurer; and W. M. Panzlau, secretary. The stone yard and offices are located at the corner of Jefferson avenue and Fifteenth street. The firm of Batchelder & Wasmund erected, among other buildings of importance, the fine residences of John B. Ford, Willis E. Buhl, Dr. E. J. Torrey, J. Brooks, Bernard Stroh and many others of the very finest in' Detroit and in Grosse Pointe. The public buildings erected by them include the following: The Detroit Y. W. C. A., the Central high school, the Cass Technical high school, St. Andrews Memonrial church, Dodge Bros. factories, the Herman Kiefer Memorial Hospital. Mr. Wasmund was married in 1885 to the daughter of the late Stephen Maul. She was born in Detroit, and her parents came from Germany to Detroit in 1852. The children of Mr. Wasmund and wife are as follows: Edward; William S., who graduated from the University of Michigan in the class of I9IO, played the position of quarterback on the Michigan football team four seasons, was regarded as one of the most brilliant football generals in the middle west, and at the time of his death, in I912, at the age of twenty-four, was acting as coach for the football squad of the University of Texas; Alfred; Elsa, who married Capt. David Davie, of Detroit; Frederick W.; and Henry, who died at the age of two years. Mr. and Mrs. Wasmund are members of the German Lutheran church. He belongs to the Detroit Builders' and Traders' Exchange, the Detroit Board of Commerce and the Lutheran Bund. BENJAMIN G. APPLEBY. Head of the B. G. Appleby Company, real estate, loans, building contractors and insurance, Mr. Appleby has been successfully identified with the business community of Saginaw as a newspaper man, as a real estate expert, building contractor, and as a public spirited citizen all his active career. He is one of the most progressive and enterprising real estate men in the state of Michigan, is probably the largest operator in general real estate in the state, is a liberal advertiser, and not only does a large volume of business but in

Page  1860 1860 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN such a way that its results are for the permanent improvement and benefit of the city and vicinity. As a medium in the exchange of realty he leads all the real estate men of Saginaw, and his reputation in all lines of the business is based on reliable dealing and very high class methods. Benjamin G. Appleby was born at Milltown, Ontario, January II, 1874, the third in a family of six children. His parents, Thomas D. and Mary J. (Smith) Appleby, were both natives of Ontario, and on both sides the families have long been prominent. Grandfather, N. S. Appleby, was well known in political circles in the Dominion, was a member of Parliament for many years, and was also a large timber and mill operator, having come to Canada from England, where his family were of high political and social position. A cousin of the Saginaw business man, Sir Hector Mansfield Howell is a prominent lawyer and is King's Councilor at Winnipeg, Manitoba, and other near relatives were active in affairs, one being a member of the Canadian Judiciary, and several others connected with the Dominion Government. David Smith, one of the grandparents, was owner of the Mohawk Mills, and an extensive lumber operator in Ontario. Thomas D. Appleby, father of the Saginaw real estate man, was for a number of years an operator together with his father and brother on a large scale in Canada, and in I889 came to Michigan, and settled in Saginaw, where he continued his lumber business, as Superintendent of the A. W. Wright Lumber Company until three years before his death. He retired in 1907 and died in I9II, at the age of sixty-seven. His wife, who was reared and educated in Ontario, is now living in Saginaw at the age of sixty-seven. Benjamin G. Appleby attended school in Ontario, and finished his education after moving to Saginaw, but left school before graduation. His first experience was in newspaper work with the Saginaw Globe, where he started in as a cub and quickly proved himself valuable as an advertising solicitor, reporter, and all-around newspaper man. Later he was connected with the Detroit Evening News for seven years doing special work, and on leaving Detroit, became identified with the Evening Leader and Courier-Herald at Saginaw. While with the Courier-Herald Mr. Appleby devised and pushed to a practical business success, what is known as the "Rural Mail Directory," and this publication found a ready sale, and has been a prosperity maker ever since. Mr. Appleby resigned his position on the regular newspaper staff to give his attention to the publication and in 1902 sold out his interests in the directory. Since that date his line has been real estate, building contractor, and insurance, and has grown from small beginning to rank hardly second to any similar enterprise in the state. His specialties are the building of homes, the sale of real estate, business opportunities of improved farm land, and a general business in loans and insurance. During the fall of 1912, the company sold more than a quarter of a million dollars worth of Saginaw county farms, and Mr. Appleby is probably doing as much through his personal contact with investors and through his extensive advertising to make known the possibilities and resources of the Saginaw Valley as any other local citizen. His business has been built up on the basis of square and fair dealings, and he is always ready to stand behind every transaction made through his company. The company employ the services of an expert practical farmer, to give advise free of charge to all customers, and thus insure that every investor and farmer starts right, provided he is not thoroughly informed as to the best methods of handling crops in this section of Michigan. The B. G. Appleby Company are members of the Saginaw Real Estate Board, members of the National Real Estate Exchange, and their Saginaw offices are in the Forester's Temple Building, and branch offices are maintained in Detroit, Grand Rapids, and

Page  1861 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1861 personal agents represent the firm in different sections of Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin. Mr. Appleby is a director of the German-American State Bank of Saginaw, of the Saginaw Board of Trade, and of the Saginaw Y. M. C. A. In I9II Governor Osborn selected him as real estate expert to procure a suitable site for the Michigan State National Guard, and in May, I9II, he obtained twelve thousand acres of land for that purpose, and without a cent of expense to the state government. All local business men have implicit confidence in the judgment of Mr. Appleby and his record is, not only one that indicates the best but has also been accompanied by much disinterested service to all his patrons and to the public generally. Mr. Appleby is affiliated with the Masonic Order having taken thirtytwo degrees in the Scottish Rite and is a Shriner; with the Knights of Pythias; and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; is a member of the East Saginaw Club; Canoe Club and other social organizations. In politics he is a Republican, and his church is the Episcopal. On June 28, I889, at Saginaw, Mr. Appleby married Miss Grace A. Purdy, a daughter of George and Augusta (Allen) Purdy. Her father is now deceased, and many years ago came to Saginaw from New York State and was well known as a jeweler. Mrs. Appleby is a talented musician and has been organist in the various churches in Saginaw. To their marriage have been born three children: Elizabeth G., born at Saginaw in I901, and now in the eighth grade of the public schools; Ruth E. DeM., born in Saginaw in I903, and attending the sixth grade; Esther G., born in I905, and in the third grade of the local school. FRANCIS J. LEE, M. D. In appreciating the relative value to mankind of the various professions and occupations to which individuals devote their attentions and energies, it is the consensus of general opinion that none is of more importance than the vocation of the practitioner of medicine. From the cradle to the grave human destiny rests largely in the hands of the physician, not alone on account of the effect he may have at the present time, but because of the discoveries being constantly made in the field of his science. By reason of his broad knowledge, his skill and his devoted efforts in the line of his chosen calling, Dr. Francis J. Lee holds a distinctive place in the ranks of the medical profession in Grand Rapids, where he has been in the enjoyment of an excellent practice for the past sixteen years. He is a native of Durham, Ontario, Canada, and was born January 22, 1868, a son of Robert and Mary (Reinbird) Lee. Ralph Lee, the paternal grandfather of Doctor Lee, was born in Ireland, from which country he emigrated to America and became one of the very earliest settlers of his section of Ontario. There he settled on a farm, which he cleared from the timber, and continued to be engaged in agricultural pursuits throughout the remainder of his life. The maternal grandfather, also a native of Ireland, passed away in the old country. Robert Lee, father of Doctor Lee, was born in I827, on his father's homestead, received a somewhat limited education in the primitive schools of his day, and early in life learned the trade of carpenter. Gradually, as the years passed, he drifted into contracting and building, and in this line won much success. His latter years were devoted to farming, and he died on his place in Ontario in 1907, aged eighty years. In 185I Mr. Lee was married to Mary Reinbird, who was born in Ireland and came to Canada in young womanhood, where she died in February, I914, at the advanced age of eighty-six years. They became the parents of eight children, of whom Francis J. was the seventh in order of birth, seven

Page  1862 1862 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN children still survive. Mr. and Mrs. Lee were members of the Episcopal church. He was a Conservative in politics, but was a quiet, unassuming man, and never sought public preferment. The early education of Doctor Lee was secured in the public schools of his native place, and he early expressed a predilection for a professional career. Accordingly, he was entered as a student in McGill University, Montreal, Canada, from the medical department of which institution he was graduated in I896, and in that same year came to Michigan and took up his practice at Ada. After two years in that place Doctor Lee came to Grand Rapids. He is. known as one of the finest anatomists in the state, having taught anatomy for five years in the old Grand Rapids Medical College, of which he was also secretary. His business has steadily increased so that at this time he is physician to many of the best families in the city. A keen diagnostician's sound judgment in methods of treatment, and marked skill, combined with an inherent sympathy and kindly nature, have won him rank among the ablest physicians of this city. He has never ceased to be a student of his beloved profession, and avails himself of all the aids that will further him in his work of relieving the distress of mankind. He has had post-graduate work in Chicago and Montreal. He is also an interested member of the Kent County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association and served for four or five years as secretary of the county organization. He is vice-chief of the staff of the U. B. Hospital, but the greater part of his time is devoted to his private practice. In politics he is a Republican, but the activities of public life have held out little attractions to him. His fraternal connection is with the Masons, in which order he has attained the Scottish Rite and Shriner degrees. I LEO J. RIMMELE. Since I9I1 sheriff of Saginaw county, Mr. Rimmele has been known to the citizens of this county since his boyhood, has been recognized as an industrious, independent man of action, and few officials in the county have entered office with so thorough confidence on the part of their supporters. Leo. J. Rimmele is a native of the city of Waukegan, Illinois, where he was born NovemberI 4, 1854, a son of Ignatz and Chriscinia (Laur) Rimmele. Both parents came from the Province of Baden, Germany, to America in 1848, settling first in Illinois and later moving to Milwaukee. There his father became foreman in a warehouse, and lived there until the outbreak of the war. In the early months of the war he served as a recruiting officer, and then went to the front as captain of Company F in the Forty-Fifth Wisconsin Volunteers, continuing until the close. He took part in many of the southern campaigns and battles, and among others was a participant in the brilliant engagement at Nashville, towards the close of the war. After his discharge he settled in Saginaw, and was engaged in the liquor business there until his retirement. He finally returned to Milwaukee, where his death occurred August 29, I885, when he was fifty-four years of age. His wife died in Saginaw in I883, also at the age of fifty-four. The second of the four children in his parents' family, Leo J. Rimmele was educated in the schools of Saginaw, and after he left school he started to earn his living with no capital, and has depended upon his own efforts to advance him throughout his career. His first business experience was in the retail meat business, and he learned that trade thoroughly, later engaging in the grocery trade, and finally sold out his interests in both lines in I9II. Soon afterwards, his popularity as a citizen and his well known efficiency as a man of action, led to his nomination and election to the office of sheriff of Saginaw county, and since then his ad

Page  1863 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1863 ministration has made him known and brought him the favorable commendation of all classes of the county's population. Besides his present office as sheriff, Mr. Rimmele served two terms as supervisor, and as alderman for two terms. He is one of the leaders in the local Democratic party, and his fraternal affiliations are with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, and the A. U. V. In 1884 at Saginaw, Mr. Rimmele married Miss Phillipine Bauer, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Bauer, early settlers in Saginaw. FLOYD E. ANDREWS. It is probable that the law has been the main highway by which more men of merit have advanced to prominence and position in the United States than any other road, and it is not unusual therefore to find among the leading citizens of a community a legal practitioner. During the past seventeen years Floyd E. Andrews has been engaged in a large and representative law practice at New Baltimore, in addition to which he has been well known in the business field and in public matters. He was born at Bergen, Genesee county, New York, August 8, I866, and is a son of George J. and Marian J. (Hart) Andrews. George J. Andrews was a native of the Empire state, from whence he migrated with his family to Michigan during the early seventies, and settled on a farm in the vicinity of Battle Creek, in Calhoun county, where during his active years he was successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits. He is now living retired and makes his home at New Baltimore, being seventy-five years of age. Mrs. Andrews, who also survives at New Baltimore, is seventy-two years old, and has been the mother of four children, as follows: Dr. George R., a successful practicing physician of Detroit; Floyd E.; Frank W., a resident of New Baltimore; and Julius J., who died at LeRoy, Michigan, in 1894, at the age. of twenty years. Floyd E. Andrews was a small lad when he accompanied his parents to Michigan, and his early education was secured in the district schools of Calhoun county, where he was reared on his father's farm. Subsequently he became a student in the Battle Creek High school, from which he was graduated in I886, and at that time began his law studies in the office of Mechan, Hulbert & Mechan, attorneys of Battle Creek. Later he went to Harrison, Michigan, where he was admitted to the bar November 9, I889, and shortly thereafter went to Lansing and established himself in practice. For some time he was employed in the office of the Secretary of State, but in the spring of I897 left Lansing and came to New Baltimore. Here his devotion to his calling, his systematic and methodical habits, his discretion in judgment, his diligence in research and his conscientiousness in the discharge of every duty, have made him recognized as one of the able and leading members of the bar and have attracted to him a large and constantly growing practice. He is a member of the Macomb County Bar Association and has taken an active interest in its work. For some years, in connection with his practice, Mr. Andrews has been engaged successfully in the insurance and real estate business, his associates in which have found him a man true to every engagement. A Democrat in his political views, he has taken a keen and helpful interest in civic matters, and his five terms as president of the village of New Baltimore were marked by progress and improvement in the community's government. On July 6, I890, Mr. Andrews was married at Tupton, Michigan, to Miss Winnifred W. Westfall, daughter of Charles G. and Charlotte Jane (Chase) Westfall, a well-known pioneer family of this state. Mr. WVestfall met his death at the hands of Indians in the early seventies in North

Page  1864 1864 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ern Michigan, while the mother died in I909, in advanced years. Mr. Andrews devotes the greater part of his time to his practice and his business, but enjoys the companionship of his friends, and is popular with his fellow-members in the local lodges of the Modern Woodmen of America and the Knights of the Maccabees. JOHN L. JACKSON. Something over thirty years ago a small machine shop was established in Saginaw. and that small industry was the original of what is now one of Saginaw's greatest industrial plants, the Jackson & Church Iron Works. John L. Jackson, who originally started the business in I880 has developed his individual enterprises in proportion to the growth of this industry, of which he is now the president, and his name is connected in official capacity with several other large concerns. He is president of the Herzog Art Furniture Company, and of five brick manufacturing plants-the Saginaw Brick Company, the Grande Brick Company at Grand Rapids, the South Michigan Brick Company at Kalamazoo, the Jackson-Lansing Brick Company at Rives Junction, and the North Indiana Brick Company at Michigan City. John L. Jackson, whose importance in the industrial enterprise of Saginaw is thus briefly indicated, was born in this city, August 19, I854, and belongs to one of the pioneer families. His parents were Thomas L. and Veronica (Blatz) Jackson. His father, a native of England, for many years followed the sea as a sailor up to 1852. In that year he came to Michigan and settled at Saginaw, and became one of the foremost citizens in influence and activity. He was a farmer, a merchant, served as county treasurer for four years, was superintendent of the county poor for thirty years, and at his death on October 8, I898, at the age of seventyfour Saginaw city and county mourned his loss as that of a man whose value to the community had been often tested. His wife was born in Germany, came to America, as a girl with her father, was educated and married in Saginaw, where her death occurred in I88I at the age of forty-seven. There were only two children and the other son died in boyhood. John L. Jackson was reared and educated in Saginaw, attending the public schools, and after leaving school his first experience was along the line which his father had followed, and for one year he sailed the salt seas as a common sailor. Coming to the great lakes he spent two summers as a fireman and engineer, and also studied in a private school during the winter months. Perfecting himself in the trade of machinist to which his abilities and tastes inclined him, he took up his trade as a journeyman during the seventies, and followed this up to I88o in different localities in the state. Returning to Saginaw in I88o he went to work in a foundry and machine shop, and soon established a small business of his own. In I894 Mr. Jackson formed a partnership with Mr. Church, his present partner, and under their combined efforts the establishment grew and flourished until it is now one of large proportions, employing from one hundred to two hundred men, and manufacturing machinery and supplies for a trade of much more than local character. In 1902 the business was organized and incorporated under the laws of Michigan, the three constituent members being Mr. E. D. Church, Mr. A. G. Roeser and Mr. Jackson. In 900oo the firm of Jackson, Church & Company took over the McGregor & Jackson Boiler Shop, Mr. Church buying out the McGregor interest. This business is now consolidated with the Jackson & Church Company. Mr. Jackson also has interests in the Saginaw Table and Cabinet Company, and the Saginaw Specialty Company. In politics he is a Democrat, and was alderman two years and trustee of the Auditorium for five years. At St. Louis, Michigan, on January

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Page  1865 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1865 I, I88I, John L. Jackson married Miss Sadie Smith, who died January 26, I9I3. Her parents were Martin S. and Mary C. Smith, of a well known family. Mr. and Mrs. Jackson became the parents of three children: Mrs. Edyth M. Ressegye of Saginaw, and the mother of one daughter, Mary; Thomas M. Jackson, of Saginaw; and Mrs. Inez V. Connery of Saginaw. HENRY J. BARBER. An active and successful member of Detroit's circle of contractors, Mr. Barber has been closely identified with the building interests of Detroit for a period of sixteen years, during which time as a contractor and builder of his own properties success has been continuous and in increasing proportion, until at the present time he is not only one of the leading plaster contractors, but is the owner of much valuable improved real estate. His career is an interesting one, demonstrating what industry, perseverance, close application and pluck will accomplish. Born in a log house on a farm, receiving only a meager schooling so far as text-books go, and beginning his active career under adverse circumstances, he has built up a large and growing business as a contractor, accumulated a fair share of this world's goods and established a reputation as a contractor, citizen and man which receives the admiration of his friends and all who know him. Henfry J. Barber was born in what is known as Cedar Swamp, Oxford township, Oakland county, Michigan, January I3, 1879, son of Richard S. and Eliza (Golf) Barber. Richard S. Barber, the father, was born in Ohio, was brought to Michigan by his parents, who founded a home in Oakland county, where he was reared and continued to live until 1884. In that year the father took his family out to South Dakota. then known as Dakota Territory, and took up two government land claims near Aberdeen. His venture as a farmer in the far northwest was a disastrous experience, and repeated failure of crops finally drove him back east, though in the meantime he had proved up one of his claims, and abandoned the other. Returning to Michigan in 1892, Richard S. Barber engaged in the carpenter's trade, moved to Detroit and became a carpenter contractor, and so continued for a number of years, but is now following a somewhat more leisurely life and is in the employ of his son, Henry J. His wife died while the family lived in South Dakota. At the age of thirteen Henry J. Barber came to Detroit in 1892, making his home with an aunt. His first practical work began in I893 in the laying of lath, but he soon afterwards went to work as a carpenter. In I898 'Mr. Barber began plaster contracting, and from the beginning has made a success of that line. For three years he was a member of the firm of Bason & Barber, since then has carried on business under his own name, and has done plastering work as a contractor on hundreds of residences, flats, apartment houses, stores, etc. An important feature of his business and source of his prosperity has been the building on his own capital of different types of residence structures, and he has erected upwards of a hundred residences, flats, apartment houses and stores for sale or rent. At the present time he owns and rents a number of valuable properties. The special distinction which Mr. Barber has gained in the building trade in Detroit is in stucco work. He is probably the leading contractor in that line. His beautiful residence on Pennsylvania avenue is a specimen of his work in stucco, and is the most attractive home on that avenue or in that section of the city. Mr. Barber is a member of the Detroit Builders' & Traders' Exchange and belongs to Banner Council of the National Union. It should also be mentioned that Mr. Barber has probably started more men on suc

Page  1866 1866 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN cessful careers of their own than any other contractor in Detroit. At least thirteen former employes have left him after a thorough training in the business to take up contracting independently, and several of these men learned the trade from beginning under his direction. Mr. Barber married Bertha Hennecke, who was born at Lake Linden, Michigan, daughter of Francis Hennecke. To their marriage four children have been born, as follows: Bertha Mary, Eleanor Elizabeth, Henry Francis and Harvey Frederick, but the last named died at the age of four years. PROF. ARTHUR RATHER. In one of the most difficult of the learned professions, Prof. Arthur Rather has advanced himself to an enviable position through the force of his own talent and industry. Still a young man, his broad learning, his enthusiasm, his devotion to his chosen field of labor and his undoubted ability to impart to others his own vast store of knowledge, have gained him high prestige, and it is the consensus of opinion among his fellow-workers in the line of education that he is one of the most thoroughly informed instructors in Macomb county. Professor Rather was born in Huron county, Michigan, February 3, i886, and is a son of Henry and Mary (Bueschlen) Rather. His father, a native of Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, came to Michigan as a young man and engaged in agricultural pursuits, in which he has been engaged with some success to the present time. He is the owner of a handsome property in Huron county, and is now fifty-two years of age. Mrs. Rather was born in County Huron, Canada, and accompanied her parents to Huron county, Michigan, in young womanhood. She still survives and is forty-eight years old. Henry and Mary Rather have four children, all of whom have shown a predilection for educational work: Arthur, of this review; Viola, a popular school teacher of Macomb county; Selma, who is a teacher in the schools of Elkton, Michigan; and Howard, now attending the Michigan Agricultural College, preparing for an educational career. Arthur Rather received his early education in the rural schools of Huron county, spending the summer months in assisting his father in the work of the homestead farm. He next entered the Mount Pleasant Normal school, from which he was graduated in I908, and this was supplemented by a literary course in the University of Michigan. Thus thoroughly prepared, he entered upon his work as an educator at McBride, Michigan, where he acted in the capacity of principal of schools for two years, and then came to New Baltimore, where he has since been in charge of Hathaway Institute. Since assuming his present duties Professor Rather has brought the entire course of study in the institute up to the standard of the course of the University of Michigan. He is popular alike with students and teachers, and few men have become better known in educational circles in so short a period of time. At present he is a valued member of the educational board of the village of New Baltimore. Although he has found no time to engage actively in public affairs, he has shown a commendable willingness to aid movements calculated to make for progress, and his influence is always found on the side that is aiding in his community's welfare. While a resident of Mount Pleasant, Michigan, in August, I908, Professor Rather was united in marriage with Miss Grace Wright, the estimable daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Wright, who are well and favorably known residents of Isabella county. Mr. and Mrs. Rather have had no children. JOSEPH A. TROMBLEY. In 1882 when he was sixteen years old, Joseph A. Trombley came to Saginaw, and in the city of that time started out

Page  1867 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1867 alone, almost friendless, and with only a few dollars in ready money, to make his fortune. His was the start of thousands of boys, but though he started equal his attainments have been much above the ordinary, and he has long since outdistanced many of those who started even with him at the beginning. Mr. Trombley is well known as an architect, a designer, a practical artist in all kinds of wood construction, and maintains a large plant in Saginaw, devoted to the manufacture of boats and other classes of fine woodwork. Joseph A. Trombley was born at Quebec, Canada, February 13, i866. The sixth in a family of ten children whose parents were Magloire and Adela Trombley, his father and mother being of the same name, but not related. Both parents were born and reared in Canada, and the father conducted a large blacksmith and woodworking plant in Quebec, where he died in I9IO at the age of eighty-nine years. The mother passed away in I875, when forty-six years of age. Joseph A. Trombley was reared in Quebec, attended the parochial schools there, and had some experience in the shops of his father, which strengthened his inclination and tastes for what has proved his permanent vocation in life. Coming to Saginaw in 1882, two years later Mr. Trombley set himself seriously to mastering the carpenter's trade, and following it as a regular workman for fifteen years. In I901 Mr. Trombley established in business for himself, and in t906 organized and instituted the Trombley Boat Works, of which he is sole owner. This establishment not only builds boats of different kinds, but manufactures large quantities of fancy woodwork for churches, fine residences and office equipment. For a number of years Mr. Trombley's reputation as an architect has been growing throughout Michigan, and he has designed and supervised the construction of many schools and other buildings in the state. His politics is Independent, and his church is the Catholic. At Saginaw in I888, Mr. Trombley married Miss Julia Plent, a daughter of Stephen Plent, a well known pioneer of Saginaw, now deceased. Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Trombley in their Saginaw home, and they are mentioned, as follows: Agnes, born in I894, and died in I9o9; Florence, who is attending high school; Edward, born in I899, and also in high school; Blanch, born in I9oo, and now the youngest scholar on the west side attending high school, being thirteen years of age; Arthur, born in I902, and in the grade schools. WILLIAM W. MOUNTAIN. As president and general manager of the Flint Varnish Works, Mr. Mountain is one of the leading business executives in Flint commercial affairs. His success illustrates the value of keeping to one line of business. As soon as he left college he entered a varnish establishment, and has practically known no other line of business, except as an investor in later years. He knows the varnish business as a manufacturer and as a salesman, as an humble employe and as an owner and official, and his success in that line has brought him prominence among the business men of the state, and at Flint he has long been regarded as a citizen who performs many valuable services in behalf of his community. William W. Mountain was born at Howell, in Livingston county, Michigan, November 2, 1862. His parents, both of whom were natives of New York State, and came to Michigan and settled in Livingston county among the pioneers, were Robert S. and Cecelia (Pruden) Mountain. His father was a contractor and builder in Livingston county, and died at Logansport, Indiana, in 1898, at the age of fifty-five. During the Civil war he went to the front with Michigan troops, and saw active

Page  1868 1868 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN service. The mother, who was educated and married in New York State, died in Indiana in I903. They were the parents of three children. William W. Mountain, the first in the family, grew up in Livingston county, attended the schools at Howell, and later entered the University of Indiana, where he was graduated in the literary course. On leaving college he entered the employ of the Murphy Varnish Company, at Cleveland, Ohio. He remained seven years as a salesman with that concern, and then became manager of the varnish business of the Sherwin-Williams Co., Cleveland, which position he held until he moved to Flint and found similar employment with the Flint Varnish Works. From the position of salesman he has been promoted from one responsibility to another, until he now fills the place of president and general manager of a million-dollar corporation. The Flint Varnish Company is one of the largest industries in Flint. Its paid-up capital is one million dollars, and the annual value of its product is above that amount. One hundred and sixty persons are employed in the factory, with sixteen in the office staff, and eighteen on the sales force. The factory covers one entire block at Hamilton and St. John streets, and is a four-story brick building, supplied with excellent railroad facilities for the distribution of its product. In the political field Mr. Mountain has never ventured, and maintains an independent attitude on political questions. Fraterally he is affiliated with the Masonic Order through thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite, the Knights Templar, and belongs to the Mystic Shrine, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, of which he is exalted ruler. At Howell, Michigan, April i9, 1892, Mr. Mountain married Miss Julia Huck, daughter of Leonard Huck. Her father is now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Mountain have two children, Mrs. Maude Edgecomb, who was born at Howell, and now lives at Flint, being the mother of one child, William B. Edgecomb; and Grace M. Mountain, born at Connersville, Indiana, a graduate of Akeley Hall, Grand Haven, and now attending Thomas' Training School in Detroit. Mr. Mountain is well known and popular in both social and business circles, and is very fond of outdoor recreation of all kinds. AUGUST GOES. Now president of the C. L. Roeser Company, at Saginaw, one of the largest retail concerns handling hardware and farm implements in the state, Mr. Goes has had a business career of very notable progress, having started as a farm worker, was employed in a creamery in both his native state of Wisconsin, and in Michigan, finally became a clerk in a hardware establishment, and after some years as a commercial traveler, engaged in the sale of implements, he became identified with the large concern of Saginaw, of which he is now the executive head. August Goes was born at Jefferson, Wisconsin, March 17, I863. His parents were John M. and Mary Anna (Peffer) Goes, both natives of Germany, where they were born in I826. The father came to America in 1852, taking up farm land in Jefferson county, where his life was quietly spent as an agriculturist until his death in I9I I. The mother died in Jefferson county in 1895. There were six sons and one daughter in the family, the daughter, Lydia, dying at the age of twenty in 1893. The sons are: John, Leonard, Michael, all three of whom are living in Wisconsin; August; and George and Henry, both residents of Montana. August Goes was reared in Jefferson county, WAisconsin, attended the local public schools there, and until he was twenty-two years of age, lived on a farm. His next experience was in a creamery, and two years were spent in that work in Michigan. After a year's experience as a grocer clerk, he began selling farm implements for a Sag

Page  1869 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1869 inaw firm, and three years later became a traveling salesman for the Aultman, Miller & Company, covering the state of Michigan for three years with the well known line of implements and machinery, manufactured by that concern. On leaving the Aultman company, Mr. Goes began his connection with the C. L. Roeser firm, selling farm implements for eight years. In I904 he bought out the interest of Mr. C. L. Roeser, and since that time has been president of the company. The business was incorporated at that time, and the other officers are: John G. Roecker, vice president; Fred G. Roecker, secretary. This firm does the largest business in this part of the state in the distribution of farm implements and hardware to the retail trade. Mr. Goes is a Republican in politics, is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and his church is the Episcopal. At Detroit, on August I8, I897, he married Miss Ellen Amelia Versel, a daughter of John and Mary Versel, the former now deceased. To their marriage has been born one son, John Lyman Goes, born at Saginaw, July 6, I906, and now attending school. ALBERT N. TREADGOLD, M. D. The medical profession has in Tuscola an able and popular representative in the person of Dr. Treadgold, who is engaged in successful practice at Cass City and whose professional labors extend also into the adjoining counties of Sanilac and Huron and this demand for his services giving adequate voucher for his technical ability and his personal popularity. The Doctor has not confined his energies solely to his profession, but his mature judgment and progressive policies have led him into divers business enterprises, in each of which he has been successful, the while he has made incidental contribution to the civic and material advancement of the community. He is aggressive and far-sighted as a man of affairs and as a citizen he is most liberal and public-spirited. He has won success and independence through his own efforts and well merits the proud American title of self-made man. Dr. Albert Nathan Treadgold was born at Collingswood, Gray county, Ontario, Canada, on the 26th of September, 1870, and is a son of Edmund and Mary (Taylor) Treadgold, who came to Michigan in the autumn of 1879 and settled on a farm in Austin township, Sanilac county. The father not only developed one of the valuable farms of this section of the state, but also was specially successful in the handling of real estate, in which his operations were extensive for a number of years. In 1902 he removed from his farm to Cass City, and he lived virtually retired during the last fifteen years of his life. He died on the I8th of November, 1913, at the venerable age of'eighty-one years, two months and sixty-two days, and was one of the well known and highly esteemed citizens of this part of the state. He was a Democrat in his political proclivities, but would never consent to become a candidate for public office. He was a member of the Baptist church, as is also his widow, who still resides in Cass City. Concerning their children the following brief data are given: Mary Ann is the wife of Anthony Richards, of Huron county; George H. resides in the city of Port Huron, this state; Sarah H. is the wife of Luther Karr, of Cass City; Manton Wright Treadgold is a successful fruit-grower at The Dalles, Oregon; Dr. William Edmund Treadgold was graduated in the Michigan College of Medicine and Surgery, in 1892, and is engaged in the active practice of his profession at Akron, Tuscola county; Dr. Albert Nathan Treadgold, of this review, was the next in order of birth; Fannie Susan is the wife of John Henry Waldon, of Detroit, Michigan; and Clara Maude is the wife of Donald McArthur, of Lawrence, Kansas. Dr. Albert N. Treadgold was about nine years of age at the time of the family removal to Sanilac county, Michigan, and there he was reared Vol TV- -8

Page  1870 1870 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN to adult age on the homestead farm, in Austin township. After completing the curriculum of the district schools he entered the high school at Marysville, St. Clair county, in which he was graduated. Thereafter he completed a course in the Ferris Institute, at Big Rapids, and for four years he was found as a successful and popular teacher in the schools of Sanilac county. In 1894 he entered the Michigan College of Medicine and Surgery, in the city of Detroit, and in this institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1897, with the well earned degree of Doctor of Medicine. The Doctor began the practice of his profession at Kilmanagh, Huron county, where he remained four years. He then, in I901, removed to Cass City, Tuscola county, where he has since continued in active general practice, as one of the zealous and representative physicians and surgeons of this section and with a clientage of important order. He is a close student of his profession and thus keeps in touch with the advances made in medical and surgical science. He has not denied himself the most arduous application in his profession and is fully alive to its dignity and responsibility, but his powers seem to have no assigned limitations and he has proved himself resourceful and successful as a business man. His ambition and courage have given him admirable reinforcement and he has not been afraid to put them to the severest tests. Since I912 he has conducted a successful drug business in his home town; he has been a prominent and influential dealer in real estate; he is the owner of and gives his personal supervision to a well equipped lumber yard in Cass City, the same controlling a large and substantial business; and he was one of the leading figures in the organization of the Home Telephone Company of Cass City, in which he is a stockholder at the present time. In the year I9I3 Dr. Treadgold gave employment to thirty men and his pay roll represented a total expenditure of $4o,000. His various enterprises, entailing such an expenditure, had patent influence in furthering the civic prosperity of Cass City, where his business activities have been centered. At Bandon, Oregon, the Doctor is the owner of 326 acres of valuable timber land, the tract being close to the water front'and within four miles of the village of Bandon. At Pierre, South Dakota, he is the owner of a fine village property. In his home town he holds much valuable real estate, including his attractive residence property. The Doctor has been an indefatigable worker, as even the brief outlines of this sketch indicate, and from the time he initiated his independent career up to the present he has had virtually but one vacation, this itself being a semibusiness trip to Oregon. In politics Dr. Treadgold gives his allegiance to the Republican party, and he holds membership in the Michigan State Medical Society, and the American Medical Association, besides being identified with various fraternal and social organizations. His wife is a leader in social, charitable and benevolent affairs in Cass City and is a most gracious chatelaine of their hospitable home. On the 20th of July, I897, Dr. Treadgold was united in marriage to Miss Lillie Bell Thomas, whose birth name was Morrison, she being adopted by the Thomases. She was born in the city of Buffalo, New York, of Scottish lineage. The one child of this union is Vernita Lucile Carolyn, who was born at Kilmanagh, Huron county, on the Ist of June, I899; she is now a student in the Cass City high school, as a member of the class of I9I7. CASPER HAEHNLE II, now deceased, was in his day a well-known figure in business circles of Jackson. As the founder of the Haehnle Brewing Company of Jackson, a concern that is still in existence and is among the prosperous industrial enterprises of the city, Mr. Haehnle

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Page  1871 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1871 made a name for'himself in Jackson that is lasting, and that reflects great credit upon his energy and business ability. Casper Haehnle was born at Gingen, Wurtemburg, Germany, on January 19, 1853, and he died in Jackson, Michigan, on February Io, 1893, when he was little more than forty years of age. His father, Casper Haehnle I, came to the United States alone in 1854, leaving his wife and children in Germany, it being his intention to send for them later. In 1867, at the age of fourteen, Casper II came over and joined his father in this country. The latter had upon first arriving here spent some time at Detroit, being employed merely as a wage earner. Later on he embarked in the brewing business here in Jackson, but he soon removed to Marshall, Michigan, where he followed the brewing business until his death in I869. Meanwhile, prior to his death, he was married again and his children had come from Germany. In 1870 the family returned to Jackson. Here Casper Haehnle II, with some associates, became the founder of the Haehnle Brewing Company, and he successfully conducted the enterprise then founded until his death in I893. Since that event it has been just as successfully handled by his son, Casper Haehnle III, though it should be said that the latter was but a youth of sixteen years when his father died, and but eighteen when he took charge of the brewery. The son has also added to the brewing industry an ice manufacturing plant, and the two plants are today ranked among the most prosperous industries of Jackson. Casper Haehnle II was married in Jackson, Michigan, on December 19, 1875, to Miss Mary Baltz, who, together with five children, survive him. The widow resides at No. 416 South Jackson street, this city, in the south half of a splendid double frame house, which she caused to be built in I9oI. Mr. Haehnle was a man of marked energy and enthusiasm, and the possessor of much enterprise and public spirit. He was a kind-hearted man, affable in manner, and known widely as the friend of the workingman, often being known to provide work for men in his plant when there was really no need for their services, so that, regardless of the times, his plant always ran at capacity. He had just completed the present spacious brick brewery on Cooper street, which he had built to take the place of a former frame building which had burned, when he was summoned by death. The new property, completed at an expenditure of a good many thousands, was modern in every detail, and Mr. Haehnle anticipated much additional business prestige from its operation. His son, then sixteen years old, two years later took charge of the business, and has since conducted it in a manner that reflects much credit upon his father as well as upon himself. In the operation of the plant and its kindred affairs he has been ably assisted by Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Berger, the latter being a sister of Mrs. Mary Haehnle, his mother. Mrs. Berger herself is especially deserving of credit for the success of the business, for immediately upon the death of Mr. Haehnle she took complete charge of the office and the management of the business, and attended to its every detail during the first two years before the son became old enough to become manager, and even since the son, Casper III, took charge of the outside management, Mrs. Berger has maintained complete charge of the books and of the office work. Casper Haehnle II was a valuable business man in his community. He was a liberal-minded and public-spirited citizen, a kind husband and father and a faithful friend. He was a member of the Arbeiter Verein and of the Harmonic Society, both German in their nature. His passing was widely deplored in and about Jackson, and a host of people mourned his loss. The Haehnle family is one to which considerable interest attaches,

Page  1872 1872 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and further facts relative to their migration to American shores and their actvities here are offered in connection with the brief facts set forth above in regard to the business enterprises of them. Casper Haehnle I came to America in I854, setting first at Detroit, later going to Jackson, then to Marshall, where he died in I869. Still later, after the death of the father, Casper Haehnle II and the family returned to Jackson, as has been intimated in an earlier paragraph. The widow of Casper Haehnle II was born in Detroit on December I5, 1855, and her maiden name was Mary Baltz. She was a daughter of Frederick Baltz, a native of Germany, who died when his daughter was four years old, and of Amelia (Mauch) Baltz, also of German birth. She died on May 3, I9Io. They were married in Detroit, and there spent their wedded lives. After the death of Mr. Baltz, his widow became the second wife of Casper Haehnle I, the father of him whose name heads this review. It will thus be seen that the widow of Casper Haehnle II is a daughter of the second wife of her husband's father, a somewhat unusual complication. The marriage of the elder couple took place some years before that of their children. The five children of Casper and Mary (Baltz) Haehnle are as follows: Casper Haehnle III, now managing the brewery business, as has been previously mentioned; Amelia, the wife of William Kast, a well-known druggist of Jackson, and a member of the firm of Kast & Hoffman; Benedict, of Los Angeles, California; Lillian, the wife of George E. Parks, of Chicago; and Bertha, who married Roy E. Stanley, of Richmond, Indiana. WALTER J. HUNSAKER. For upwards of thirty years, Walter J. Hunsaker has been identified with Michigan journalism. Since Igo2 he has been the publisher, editor and one of the owners of the Saginaw Daily Courier-Herald, and by buying the half interest of Governor Osborn in 1913, has become sole proprietor of this well known and influential newspaper. Mr. Hunsaker got his first experience in newspaper work, over forty years ago, while he was still a boy, and is regarded as one of the ablest and best known in his profession in the state at the present time. Walter J. Hunsaker was born at Keokuk, Iowa, September I9, I857. His parents were George T. and Emeline (Coddington) Hunsaker. His early life was spent at Carthage, Illinois, where he was educated in private schools and Carthage College. In 1872, in that town, he got his first acquaintance with practical newspaper work, and from 1879 to i885 was publisher of the Creston Republican and Daily Gazette in Iowa. In 1885, Mr. Hunsaker was an editorial writer with the Minneapolis Journal, and then became night editor on the Detroit Tribune, being promoted to managing editor of that journal in I888. He was managing editor of the Detroit Evening Journal from 1892 to I902, and in the latter year bought a half interest in the Saginaw Daily Courier-Herald. Mr. Hunsaker understands newspaper publishing in all its details, is a practical man at the business and through his enterprise has made the Courier-Herald one of the most profitable and influential journals in the state. Mr. Hunsaker is president of the Michigan Republican Newspaper Association, a member of the Republican State Central Committee and president of the Michigan Fish Commission. On October 21, 1885, he married Alma Lyle Clarke, of Creston, Iowa. HON. ROLLIN HARLOW PERSON. Judge Person has been for forty years a Michigan lawyer, and for the last fifteen years identified with the bar of Lansing. Besides his success as a lawyer, he was for about nine years a judge of circuit court.

Page  1873 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1873 A native son of Michigan, Judge Person was born in Livingston county, October 15, 1850, a son of Cornelius Harlow and Lucinda (Stafford) Person. Cornelius H. Person was born in New York state in 1822, and came to Michigan as a youth of fifteen years, the same year that Michigan was admitted to the Union as a state. He settled near Howell, where he engaged in farming throughout the remainder of his career. He also followed school teaching and was known as one of the best informed and best read men of his day and locality. Judge Person was reared on the old family homestead, and his father supervised his early education. That training was so thorough that by the time he had reached his nineteenth year he was able to pass the examination and secure a teacher's certificate. He was engaged as an educator for two years, and upon reaching his majority began to attend public school, paying his way with money he had earned while teaching. He was given a first-grade teacher's certificate in 1871 and in the same year was appointed deputy register of deeds of Livingston county. In 1872 he began the study of law with Dennis Shields, and in I872-73 was a student at the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. The latter year saw his admission to the bar and his marriage, and after the latter event he took his bride to Nebraska, locating at Republican City, then practically a border town and the scene at that time of a countyseat war and of numerous Indian troubles. Judge Person's cash capital when he arrived at Republican City was less than five dollars. Fortunately the county clerk, who was also the register of deeds, felt the need of a vacation, and hearing of Mr. Person he offered him all the fees of the office if he would take charge for a time. He subsequently lived in a dug-out upon a tract of government land and entered into the practice of his profession at Republican City. Eventually, however, the grasshopper plague, which materially injured the prosperity of that section, drove Judge Person back to Michigan, and at Howell he engaged in the practice of law in 1875. Judge Person served as recorder of Howell in 1876 and I877 and as circuit court commissioner in 1877 and I878, and then -again resumed practice. In 189I he was again called to public office, when he was appointed judge of the newly organized Thirtieth Judicial Circuit, and served in that capacity from February ISt to April ist, when he was elected to fill a vacancy in that circuit for three years. In I893 he was nominated by all the parties in the field for judge of the same circuit, and was elected without opposition for the full term, expiring in I899. As the end of his term approached, Judge Person decided to refuse reelection and since that time has practiced in Lansing with success and distinction. In the summer of I9I3, just forty years after he had entered the office of Dennis Shields as a student of law, Judge Person formed a partnership with Edward C. Shields, son of Dennis Shields, and chairman of the Democratic state committee of Michigan. In July, I873, Judge Person was married to Miss Ida May Madden, daughter of Judge Madden, of Monmouth, Illinois. Four children have been born to this union: Harlow S., professor of Commerce and Industry at Dartmouth College; Harry J., a successful business man of Lansing; May, residing at home with her parents; and Armand, a student at Dartmouth College. ALBERT H. RYCKMAN. The material development of Saginaw and vicinity owes much to the ability of Albert H. Ryckman as a prominent contractor and builder. For a number of years he has been identified with the structural interests of this part of Michigan, and has to his credit a remarkably long list of achievements in houses and large public build

Page  1874 1874 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ings. Mr. Ryckman has become noted for his good management in the handling of all contracts committed to his care, and furnishes both a substantial and practical responsibility to his every undertaking. Born in Sanilac county, Michigan, October 29, 1863, with a common school education, with the experience as identified with his father's farm, he went through a thorough apprenticeship there as a carpenter, and after some years of journeyman work at Calumet and other places has for the past six years been an independent contractor and builder, and in that time has the following record of practical achievements in the field of construction:-the Auditorium Building, the Sommers Brothers factory, the Strable Manufacturing Company's plant, the Wilcox Engineering plant, the addition to the Plate Glass factory, the addition to the Saginaw Table Company's plant, the Saginaw Sheet Metal Works, the Schmelzer apartments, the Schmelzer furniture building, a nine story structure, the Germania school building, the Y. W. C. A. building, the Wilcox-McKim factory, the Cash Register factory now in course of construction, and a large number of the finer residences, including the beautiful home of Mr. A. Lemke and many others. Mr. Ryckman was the third in a family of eight children, born to William and Harriet (Badgers) Ryckman. His father, a native of Canada, came to Michigan in the early fifties, and was a farmer in Sanilac county up to five years before his death, when he removed to Huron county, and died there in February, I9IO, at the age of seventy-eight years. The mother was also born in Canada, and was educated and married in that state. Mr. Ryckman is Independent in politics, is affiliated with the Independent Order of Foresters, belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church, and his associations in Saginaw are with the leading business men of that city. He is very popular and is well known in many parts of Michigan. In 1895 at Bad Axe, Michigan, Mr. Ryckman married Miss Phoebe Spooner, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Spooner. To their marriage have been born six children, named as follows: Earl, who died in infancy; Emerson, who was born in 1895 at Bax Axe, and is now attending night school; Hazel, born at Bad Axe in 1897; Ethel, born at Bad Axe in I9oo; Vera, born in 1905 in Saginaw; Lillian, born in I907 in Saginaw. All the children are attending school. ASA T. SANDERSON. Probably one of the best known and most popular business men of St. Charles, Michigan, Asa T. Sanderson is a native of the East, having been born May 2, 1850, at Fenner, Madison county, New York, a son of William Shakespeare and Rhoda M. (Humiston) Sanderson. His father, a native of Yorkshire, England, came to the United States at the age of seventeen years and settled first in New York, where he attended Casanovia Seminary and was graduated in law. He was admitted to the bar of the Empire State, and followed his profession there until I856, in which year he made his way westward to Michigan. Taking up his residence at St. Charles, he continued his practice here, and also engaged in the lumber business on a large scale, being equally successful in both lines of endeavor. His career was cut short at its most promising point, however, for he passed away in I866, when but thirtysix years of age. During his residence at St. Charles he occupied numerous positions of trust and importance in the township of that name, and gained and retained the esteem and respect of his fellow-citizens. A pioneer in the lumber industry, he did much to foster its growth and development, and the position he held in the confidence of his business associates was impregnable. Mrs. Sanderson was born in New York, and first met her future husband while attending Casanovia Seminary. She

Page  1875 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1875 was of Scotch parentage and was a lady of culture, refinement and many social graces, and at the time of her death, in October, I9I I, when seventynine years of age, was one of the highly beloved ladies of St. Charles. Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Sanderson: Asa T., Harry H., Frank E., Miss Annie, Clarence E. and Fred W. Asa T. Sanderson received his education principally in schoolhouses of the log variety, and when still a lad began to assist his father in his operations in the lumber industry. He was but thirteen years of age and the oldest of his parents' children when the father died, and he became the chief support of the family, working for others in the lumber business until he could accumulate some small capital and then embarking in business on his own account. In the meantime he also carried on agricultural operations, and was thus engaged until reaching his thirty-fourth year, when he engaged in the hardware business at St. Charles. He was the proprietor of this business for thirteen years, following which he disposed of his interests and for four years lived a retired life. It was not Mr. Sanderson's nature, however, to continue to remain idle, and in February, I906, he established his present enterprise, which has developed into the most successful in its line at St. Charles. Each of his ventures has proven successful, and his standing in commercial circles is accordingly high. He has an excellent stock of the most up-to-date goods, well chosen for the needs of his large and constantly growing trade. Mr. Sanderson's business activities have been carried on in such a manner as to gain the good will and confidence of the people, and like his father he has been called upon to fill responsible offices. A member of the Republican party, he has been elected to every position of importance within the gift of the township, and served with distinction as a member of the Forty-first and Forty-second Legislatures, where he supported many important measures relative to the welfare of Saginaw county. Fraternally, he is connected with the Knights of the Maccabees and the Masonic Blue Lodge, being the present master of his home lodge. He is likewise widely known in banking circles as vice-president of the State Bank of St. Charles. On June 9, I888, Mr. Sanderson was married at St. Charles, Michigan, to Miss Kitty.Stewart, daughter of Alfred Stewart, a well-known pioneer of this section, now deceased. Three sons have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Sanderson, namely: Stewart C., born at St. Charles in I889, a graduate of St. Charles High school, and now his father's partner in the dry goods business; Glenn Dale, born October 26, I89I, a graduate of St. Charles High school, and now attending Albion College; and Lester M., born in March, 1894, a member of the class of 1914, St. Charles High school and now a student in the dental department of the University of Michigan. The Sanderson home is one of the handsome and modem family residences of St. Charles. GEORGE WILLIAM STOLZ, among the merchants of Saginaw, has the distinction of having within a brief period of years built up the largest jewelry house in that city, and his establishment is now regarded as one of the leading stores of the shopping district. It is the place above all others where the trade in high-class gold and silver goods and jewelry is supplied, and not only the equipment but the management of the business are a credit to Saginaw. G. William Stolz is a native of Saginaw, born in this city April 5, 1862, a son of John and Meta (Neumann) Stolz. His father was born in Gunsenhausen, Bavaria, and the mother in Mulsum, Hanover, Germany. The elder Stolz came to Saginaw in 1852, at a time when the city was only a straggling village, containing only a few business houses. In 1858 John Stolz was married, and his wife died March 26, I902, when

Page  1876 1876 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN sixty-nine years of age. John Stolz was born in 1833, acquired the trade of butcher in Germany, and after coming to Saginaw started in business with limited means and on a small scale, but by giving the best of service.and by persistent application to his work, became highly successful, accumulating much valuable real estate, so that in I894 he was able to retire, and afterward lived in the enjoyment of past labors. His death occurred on the 3oth of April, 19I4. He was a Republican and belonged to St. John's Lutheran Church. There were only two children, and the son Henry died in infancy. G. William Stolz grew up in Saginaw, was educated in the public schools, worked under his father and obtained a thorough knowledge of the butchering trade, and at one time directed his studies toward the Lutheran ministry, attending the German Lutheran Seminary at Columbus, Ohio. However, his career was finally diverted into commercial pursuits, where his inclinations were strongest, and in 1889 he started in business for himself at 412 Genesee avenue. His first stock of jewelry was a modest one, but he was soon getting a big trade and extending his business, and for a long term of years has stood in the front rank of local jewelers. In I9o6 Mr. Stolz moved from his first location and opened a business in the modern three-story business block at the corner of Genesee and Baum streets, a structure especially remodeled by him. There he has a large and well-lighted store room, supplied with all the equipment and facilities for his special business, and his stock and his large importations are the best in the Saginaw valley. A number of clerks and skilled assistants are required in the operation of the store. Mr. Stolz has undaunted faith in the future of Saginaw as a business community, and he built and owns the large manufacturing plant occupied by the C. W. Henning & Sons Company, a number of stores and office buildings. His fine home is at 906 Holland avenue, and on Timber Island, on the shores of Saginaw Bay, he has a modest summer home, where he and his family spend the open months of the year. Mr. Stolz is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Royal League, the Royal Arcanum, is one of the choir singers in the Germania Society, and has an active part in social and business affairs. In I912 he toured Europe and the Orient, and visited the home of his parents, also other interesting points in Germany and Austria. In I9I3, in company with his two daughters, he again made a European tour, and that time visited Germany, Austria, Holland, France and England. On November 2, I884, Mr. Stolz married Miss Lisette Besch, who was born in Saginaw, a daughter of Joseph and Mary (Schenk) Besch, a pioneer family of this city, her father having been prominent as a stone and marble manufacturer. Of the seven children born to their marriage two are deceased, those living being: Viola Flora, a graduate of the Saginaw high school; Florence, also a high school graduate; Marie, Harold, and Helen. JOHN A. CIMMERER. A business man and manufacturer of Saginaw, who is both enterprising and prosperous, Mr. Cimmerer began his business career without capital, and by his persevering industry and ability has gained a place where he is regarded among his associates as one of the most aggressive and far-sighted commercial leaders in the Saginaw Valley. While gaining substantial rewards of effort for himself, he is also an important factor in making his home city a center of permanent business and industry. Born in Erie county, New York, October 9, I862, he is the third in a family of five children, born to Henry and Phoebe (Staley) Cimmerer.

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Page  1877 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1877 Two of the children are deceased, and the two still living are Levi and Henry. In I873, the parents moved to Michigan, settling in Genessee county. In that section in that year pioneer conditions still prevailed to a large extent, and the father, who was a contractor and builder, was one of the early men in his vocation in that part of the country, and built many of the first houses in Genessee and Clare counties, and all over that part of the state. The father is now retired at 'the age of seventy-eight, and the mother is seventy-four years of age. John A. Cimmerer in early youth attended the district schools, and spent his nights in study. At an early age, his ambition for larger attainment than the average was evidenced, and in school he showed his disposition as a leader by keeping up ahead or close to the head of his class. The summer months were never spent in idleness, and being strong and vigorous at the age of eleven years he took his place at the side of his father and helped in the heavy work of the farm. While working thus on the old homestead, a merchant named Stringer from Otisville was attracted by the evident industry and capability of the boy, and after a. conference with the father, secured the youth's services as clerk in the store. Thus he spent six months with the firm of Stringer & Osborn, and the following year resumed his studies in school. The next vacation was spent at work in a flour mill at Otisville, conducted by his cousin. He spent most of his time there packing flour. That was followed by another clerical job with a Mr. Patton, and that in turn by work in a creamery at Flint. That was more or less of a permanent position, and he held it for considerable time. Then, with a companion, he went to Harrison, Michigan, and readily found work in the lumber camps of a big firm of W. H. & F. A. Wilson. Though still a young man, he took his place as a sawyer alongside the hardiest and strongest and experienced lumbermen, and continued all that winter in the felling of trees at the lumber camp. The exposure of this severe labor brought on a cold and such ill health that he was no longer able to stand the rigors of a Michigan winter in the woods. Leaving the camp he approached Mr. Wilson at Harrison, explained the situation, and suggested that if given inside work in the saw mill he would be able to keep on with his work. He was therefore given a position on what is known as the edger, and at the end of one week had displaced the man who taught him the job, and better still his health was in a short time entirely restored, and he continued at the lumber camp until the following May. While on a visit to his parents Mr. Wilson sent for him to take the management of the camp store, and after that he remained with the Wilson firm for seven years. That was followed by a period of business on his own account at Hatton in Clare county, where he remained an independent merchant for a year and a half, selling out at a good profit. He then resumed service with Mr. Wilson, on the understanding that in case a proposed deal in Florida should be consummated by which the Wilson firm was to begin the clearing and cutting of forty thousand acres of timber, Mr. Cimmerer was to take charge of the General Store in connection therewith. This proposition was not negotiated, and Mr. Cimmerer soon resigned and opened a general store at Harrison. His three years there was marked by success similar to what he had enjoyed at Hatton, and on selling out he transferred his interests to Saginaw, and engaged in the grocery business. This kept his energies employed for a year and a half, and since then he has been connected with a larger field of enterprise. About that time the Highland Vinegar Company was in financial straits, and a company was organized in Saginaw to buy out the assets. Mr. Cimmerer was one of these reorganizers and after the purchase had been made the other members of the syndicate pre

Page  1878 1878 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN vailed upon him to take the position of general manager of the concern, he having been elected secretary and treasurer of the company. To perform his duties he removed to Highland, and at once took charge of the plant. Although he knew absolutely nothing about the manufacture of vinegar and pickling business, he possessed just the aggressive temper and the openminded intelligence, which seldom fail, when confronted by difficulties that perseverance may overcome. In a short time he had the company on a paying basis, and the plant was kept at Highland for eleven years. In 1902, the entire business was removed to Saginaw, large modern building secured from the Hoyt Estate, and the name of the enterprise changed to the Oakland Vinegar & Pickle Company. This manufacturing concern is now known all over the country, and its products are sent to many states. The particular territory in which these products are distributed are the states of Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Wisconsin and Michigan. Mr. Cimmerer is now regarded as an expert in the vinegar and pickling business, and his advice is often sought from outside concerns. A successful business man himself, he has taken his position among the leaders in commercial affairs at Saginaw. For two terms he was president of the Saginaw Board of Trade, resigning at the end of his second term. He is a member of the Board of Park and Cemetery Commissioners of Saginaw. He is also counsel for this district of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America. Though a Democrat he has never sought any honors in politics. His fraternal affiliations are chiefly with the Masonic Order, in which he has taken the blue lodge, chapter and commandery degrees, and belongs to the Mystic Shrine; also with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and with other fraternal associations, is a member of the East Saginaw Club, and his church is the Presbyterian. At Flint, Michigan, in I885, Mr. Cimmerer married Miss Mary E. Requadt, a daughter of John A. Requadt, now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Cimmerer have one child: Mrs. Irma May Hubbell, who was born in Harrison, Michigan, and now lives in Saginaw, the mother of one child, Mary Elizabeth Hubbell, born in I9II. Mr. Cimmerer owns a fine home in Saginaw, and a summer cottage at White Lake, Michigan, where he and his wife and daughter spend their vacations. OSCAR R. KRAUSE. The president of the Banner Brewing Company at Saginaw is a business man whose success has been distinctive and a citizen, whose philanthropic impulses and activities have made his place one of usefulness and honor in the community which has been his home since childhood. Oscar R. Krause was born at New Baltimore, Michigan, December I4, 1859. His parents Francis and Johanna (Sliefert) Krause, both natives of Germany, came to America in I850, immediately after their marriage and coming to Michigan were among the first settlers in the vicinity of New Baltimore. They located on a farm, and it was on that old homestead that the Saginaw brewer was born. Later in I868 they moved to the city of Saginaw, where his father took up mercantile lines, and continued until his death in I907 at the age of seventy-nine years. The mother passed away in Saginaw in I893, when sixty-three years of age. His early training was in the public schools of Saginaw, and with the conclusion of his studies in the local schools, he quickly found a place for himself in the world of affairs where he could be self-supporting and where his energies quickly brought him success and influence. In I900 Mr. Krause took the leading part in the organization of the Banner Brewing Company, and this has since grown to be the largest establishment of

Page  1879 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1879 its kind in the Saginaw valley. There are about forty men on the payroll, and the products are shipped to all parts of the state. The annual capacity is sixty thousand barrels. Mr. Krause is also a director in the German American Bank at Saginaw. Politically he is an independent Democrat. His fraternal associations are with the Knights of Pythias, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Fraternal Order of Eagles, and the Arbeiter Verein. At Saginaw in 1883 Mr. Krause married Miss Mary Martin, whose father, Andrew Martin, was born in Germany, and died in I906, and was a well known brewer in Detroit. Mr. Krause is a citizen whose effective aid is extended to every worthy enterprise in his home city. He is popular and genial, has a large circle of friends, and has built up a very flourishing business, which is regarded as one of Saginaw's leading industries. Mr. Krause is very fond of hunting and fishing, and on Saginaw River maintains a private clubhouse, at which he spends his summer vacation. A fine steam launch, handsomely fitted up and furnished, carries himself and his friends back and forth from the city, and the club house is always at the disposal of his friends. CECIL E. PARK. The high position occupied by Cecil E. Park among the leading business men of Flushing, Michigan, has been attained through earnest and consecutive effort. Beginning at the bottom, thoroughly learning every detail of the business which he had adopted as his life work, and gradually advancing to the ownership of one of the leading business ventures of its kind in the county, he has displayed energy, perseverance and progressive spirit, and is well entitled to the success which is his and the general confidence in which he is held. Mr. Park was born in Rose township, Oakland county, Michigan, November 29, 1856, and is a son of Mortimer and Cordelia (Leland) Park. His father, a native of New York state, came to Michigan in I837 as a pioneer settler, first following farming and subsequently engaging in business as a hardware merchant. In December, I863, he came to Flushing, where he was active in public affairs and served as township trustee, township treasurer and in other offices. He died in October, I905, at Flushing, at the age of seventy-two years. Mr. Park was a Republican and a loyal, trustworthy and public-spirited citizen. During the Civil War he enlisted for service in the Eighth Michigan Battery, but after about one year received his honorable discharge on account of disability, having contracted illness in Mississippi. Mr. Park married Miss Cordelia Leland, who was born in Michigan, a daughter of Jeremiah Leland, a Michigan pioneer of French descent. Mrs. Park died in I903, at the age of sixtyeight years, at Flushing, the mother of five children, of whom three are living: Cecil E.; Catherine, a resident of Flushing; and Preston, whose home is at Flint. Cecil E. Park received his education in the public schools of Flushing, which he attended until reaching the age of eighteen years. His first position was in the tinshop of his father's business, where he learned the tinner's trade, following which he entered his father's store and there thoroughly familiarized himself with every detail of the hardware business. From 1883 until about five years before his father's death he was associated in business with the elder man, and then purchased his interest and has continued to carry on the business alone. This has proven a decidedly successful enterprise, the annual business done amounting to between $I2,000 and $I5,ooo. To be recognized as a useful and constructive citizen of a community in these modern days of intelligent competition, means something, and investigation usually discloses that an individual so brought forward beyond his fellows possesses abilities and

Page  1880 1880 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN qualifications of a high order. Such at any rate is the case with Mr. Park. for his activities are carried on in an able and businesslike manner, and through honorable dealing he has won the high esteem of those with whom he has been brought into contact. Politically a Republican, he has served as township clerk for seven years. He is treasurer of Masonic Blue Lodge No. 223, belongs to Flushing Chapter, and is a Pythian Knight. Mr. Park was married at Burlington, Kansas, in I886, to Miss Susan Stoutemyre, a native of Ohio and a daughter of Isaac Stoutemyre. They have had no children. WILLIAM SIMPSON. The president and proprietor of the Williams Simpson Ice & Coal Company at Saginaw, is an example of the man who starts out with absolutely no capital only his individual ability and judgment to help him in the world, and who finally reaches a place of independence and secure prosperity. William Simpson was born in Saginaw, September 26, 1867, and belongs to a family of old settlers in this vicinity. His parents were James and Mary (Butcher) Simpson. His father, a native of England came to Michigan when a boy, and engaged in farming in Gratiot county, where he still resides at the age of seventy-three. The mother died in 1878 when thirty years of age. There were five children, of whom William was the second. After leaving the public schools of Michigan, which gave him all his school advantages, he got his first experience in the milling business and then became identified with the ice and coal trade. His present enterprise was started in I893, on a very small scale, and has been developed by good management. Two wagons are used in the distribution of the products handled. There is a large ice and storage plant owned by the firm on Hess Avenue. Mr. Simpson has taken considerable part in political affairs, has served two terms as school inspector and is an active Democrat. His fraternal relations are with the Royal Arcanum. In October, I893, in Saginaw, Mr. Simpson married Celinda Stebbins, a daughter of Frank Stebbins, who still lives in Saginaw. Both her parents were born in Maine, and have lived in Saginaw for the past forty years, her father being a veteran of the Civil war. The only child of their marriage is Howard Simpson, born at Saginaw in I903, and now attending school. ANTHONY W. BARTAK. There is something inspiring in the life story of a man who has fought his way over obstacles and through difficulties to prominence and prosperity, and at the same time achieved no less for his community than for himself. The very existence of some of our most prosperous cities rests upon the activities and accomplishments of his class. To labor long and faithfully and by so laboring win success is a noteworthy personal distinction, but to contribute at the same time to the wealth and welfare of a growing city is to typify the best that lies in American citizenship. Traverse City has become one of the most thriving and enterprising commercial and industrial centers of Western Michigan, and its prestige in the business world is due to the efforts of such men as Anthony W. Bartak. His activities in advancing the material interests of the city are so widely known that they can be considered as no secondary part of his career of signal usefulness. He belongs to that class of representative Americans who, while gaining individual success, also promote the public prosperity. His place is foremost among those individuals who have conferred honor and dignity upon the community no less by his well managed business interests than by his upright and honorable life.

Page  1881 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1881 Born in Grand Traverse county, Michigan, May 22, 1858, Mr. Bartak is a son of Wenzil and Lucy (Vitzpalik) Bartak, natives of Austria, who emigrated to the United States in I853. While on their way from New York City to Chicago, occurred the death of their then only child, Elizabeth, aged six years, at Rochester, New York, and these people, strangers in a strange land whose language they were unable to speak, were compelled to leave their little daughter behind and to journey on to their destination. After a short stay in Chicago they came on to Grand Traverse county, Michigan, and here took up wild land, intending to engage in farming. This property, however, proved worthless the soil being principally sand, after a hopeless struggle of nine years they purchased another property, four miles from the present city limits of Traverse City, where they were located for more than ten years. The father, a cabinet maker by trade, worked at that vocation during the winter months and thus added materially to the family income. In 1873 the family moved to Traverse City, where the elder Bartak engaged in undertaking, and continued in this business until his retirement in I893. He died in I908, at the age of eighty-three years, after a lifetime of hard work and honest labor, in which he gained and retained the universal respect and esteem of the community. Mrs. Bartak passed away at the age of sixty-seven years, having been the mother of six children: Elizabeth, who died at the age of six years; Anna, who was seven years of age at the time of her death; Amelia, who is the wife of Frank Votruba, a leading merchant of Traverse City; Anthony; Mary, the wife of Charles Wilhelm, also a merchant; and Matilda, who studied music at Florence and Berlin, is a graduate of the Boston Conservatory of Music, is now teaching music in Pennsylvania, and is the widow of Angus McManus who was engaged in the general merchandise business at Traverse City until his sudden death. After attending the graded and high schools of Traverse City, to the age of seventeen years, Anthony W. Bartak assisted his parents on the home farm until eighteen. He then became a clerk in the store of Mrs. George Furtsch, and two years later married her daughter. In I88o he formed a partnership with Charles Wilhelm and Frank Votruba, brothersin-law, engaging in the grocery and harness business in a modest way under the firm style of Wilhelm, Bartak & Company, which was destined to become one of the leading enterprises of Traverse City. The business steadily prospered, and in I89o the firm built one of the finest business blocks in the city, known as the City Opera House Block, which contained, in addition to the opera house and office quarters, three stores, which constituted the lower floor, and two of which were occupied by the firm, one for the harness and saddlery business and the other for the grocery establishment. This building cost twenty-five thousand dollars, and the company employed from ten to twelve clerks. In 1904 Mr. Votruba withdrew from the firm to continue in the harness business, and Wilhelm and Bartak under the firm name of Wilhelm, Bartak & Company, continued to devote their attention to the large grocery trade. A large loss by fire was sustained in I906 and in the following year the partnership was dissolved, at which time Mr. Bartak erected a new block and engaged in business at 146-148 Front street, with his son Edward E., as junior partner under the firm name of A. W. Bartak & Son. Under the popular name The Majestic, this has been built up as one of the largest retail grocery concerns in the city, with an establishment modern in every particular and a model for neatness and arrangement. The store room is 33X150 feet, and seven people are required to look after the interests of the large trade. Mr. Bartak is the largest importer of fancy groceries in the city, and commands the custom of the

Page  1882 1882 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN most. representative people of the community, as well as the large resort trade. His business ventures have been of varied character and extensive nature, and have contributed greatly to Traverse City's importance as a center of business. Through his efforts was organized the Traverse City Milling Company, of which he was the first president, and in I906 he organized the Traverse City Lock Company. Both time and money have been devoted to the promotion of an interurban railroad between Old Mission and Traverse City, a project now under consideration of eastern capitalists. Mr. Bartak was one of the organizers of the Manistee River Power Company, and its treasurer until its absorption by the Commonwealth Company. It was his intention to organize a large paper mill there, but when the company was merged with the large corporation he gave up this plan. Mr. Bartak is also president of the Traverse City Brick Company, which was organized by him and several other prominent business men. He is a stockholder in the People's Savings Bank and the Boardman River Light & Power Company. His private interests also include the ownership of several valuable farms in Grand Traverse county, considerable city realty, including his modern residence at III West Eighth street. His intense desire to bring about the organization of enterprises which would benefit his community has frequently cost him large sums, but his public spirit at all times has been above selfish motives. Having succeeded himself, he has been desirous to help others to success, and the full extent of his practical charity in this direction will probably never be known. One of his most helpful services to his city occurred in I912, when the city council decided to purchase what was claimed to be a tract of fourteen acres for park purposes. The site had been used during the old lumber days as a dumping ground for sawdust, much of which is still in evidence. Mr. Bartak knew that the tract contained much less than fourteen acres, that the price was exorbitant, and while others were inert on the matter and willing to have the public finances sacrificed, he showed his independence by circulating a petition remonstrating against the purchase. The petition was ignored by the city council. Mr. Bartak then enjoined the city council, and the injunction was sustained by the courts. A later investigation disclosed the fact that instead of nearly fourteen acres as claimed by the council the property contained only three and three-quarters acres. The plan was dropped, and the citizens of Traverse City were saved the not inconsiderable sum of twenty-eight thousand dollars. This is only one of many instances which might be cited to illustrate Mr. Bartak's courage and decision in his civic leadership. He has been keenly alert to the needs and wants of the people, and courageous and outspoken in their behalf. During a recent campaign to establish a commission form of government, Mr. Bartak was convinced that the plan was advocated chiefly for the purpose of terminating the services of a city official who was supposed to be unfit for the honorable position he held. Consequently he voiced his protest against the change until the city's affairs might be cleaned up, advocating that it was the moral duty of the people to vindicate or remove an erring official first, and not consider a change of government for the Sole purpose of evading their responsibilities. Later, at a business men's meeting, twenty volunteered to act as a committee and together with their representative, Mr. J. R. Santo, who had already arranged with Governor Ferris for a meeting, to give prestige to the cause before the governor and bring about impeachment of the city official. On the day set, when the party was to leave for Lansing, the only committee members to appear were Mr. Bartak and F.

Page  1883 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1883 Hunter. In spite of this defection, these gentlemen carried out their plan, and so ably handled the affair that the proceedings took place and the offending official was removed from office. This is but one instance where Mr. Bartak has kept his given word in the discharge of the duties which he considered right. He has been fearless in his defense of his opinions, whether upon religious, legal, political or personal matters, and it is but natural that in taking such a stand he should have made enemies. But the better class of citizens realize his sincerity, his honesty and his absolute disinterestedness, and those who disagree with him are found greatly in the minority. As a rule he supports the principles and candidates of the Democratic party. He has taken some interest in fraternal matters, being a Master Mason and a member of the Knights of Pythias, and has numerous friends in both orders. In May, 1878, Mr. Bartak was married to Miss Lucy Furtsch, who was born in New York City, daughter of George and Lucy Furtsch, and to this union there have been born three children: Edward E., born at Traverse City, Michigan, July 14, I88I, educated in the public and high schools, is now associated with his father in the grocery business. He married Miss Sadie Magee, daughter of William and Mary Magee of New York, and they have one son, Anthony Magee, born November I9, I9I2. The second child is Edith, a graduate of the Traverse City high school and now a student of the Cincinnati, Ohio, Conservatory of Music. The third child died in infancy. CHARLES D. SHAW, JR. Now county surveyor of Saginaw county, Mr. Shaw has been in active practice as engineer and surveyor in Saginaw for the past ten years. His professional life has brought him in connection with many important works, and with the varied experience both in this country and elsewhere. He is a man of unusual capacity and ability, and is held in high esteem in Saginaw. Charles D. Shaw, Jr., was born at Elmira, New York, December 3, 1876, a son of Charles D. and Mary (Dickinson) Shaw. His father, a native of Michigan, early in life went to New York State, and was engaged in the hardware business for a number of years, and is now living in New York city at the age of sixty-six. His mother, who was born in Vermont and educated there was married in New York State and died in I909 at Elmira at the age of fifty-eight. The Saginaw citizen was the third in that family of children, the others being as follows: Captain Frederick B. Shaw, an officer in the United States army; Howard M., and Mrs. Clara Herrick, twins; Mrs. Grace Collins; and Harry Shaw. With a high school education as his chief equipment for life, Charles D. Shaw, on leaving school became dependent upon his own resources, and in the office of Mr. Fred Leach got a practical knowledge of civil engineering and surveying. After three and a half years of this apprenticeship he went to Porto Rico, where he continued work in his profession until illness compelled him to return to the United States. On recovering his health, Mr. Shaw spent some time in practice in New York, and in 1902 came to Michigan. For three years he served as assistant city engineer of Saginaw, and did much work in the laying out of streets, the supervision of the various public works undertaken during that time; and has also been in active private practice for himself. In 1912 Mr. Shaw was appointed county road engineer, a position which now takes nearly all his time, and having held the office of county surveyor since 1905, he now has little time for private work. Mr. Shaw affiliates with the Knights of Pythias, and is a member of the Teutonic Society. His politics is Republican, and his church is the Episcopal.

Page  1884 1884 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN At Saginaw in September, I903, Mr. Shaw married Miss Josephine Sullivan, a daughter of D. J. Sullivan, a well known resident of Saginaw. They are the parents of one daughter, Margaret Helen, born in Saginaw in I904, and now in the fourth grade of the public schools. DAVID E. BAGSHAW, M. D. Since getting his first case in Saginaw about ten years ago, Dr. Bagshaw has been steadily advancing in favor and success as a physician and surgeon, until now there are probably none whose ability based on actual success could be rated higher. David E. Bagshaw was born at Sunderland, near Toronto, Ontario, October Io, 1876, a son of George and Sarah (Evans) Bagshaw, his father a native of Canada, and his mother of Wales. The parents were educated and married in Ontario, and the father followed farming with fair prosperity in that province until his death in 1879 at the age of forty-five years. The mother passed away in Sunderland in I9IO when seventy-one years old. The doctor was the youngest child, and the other three are: Dr. D. J. Bagshaw, a practicing dentist in Toronto; Mrs. W. R. Ashenhurst, and Mrs. H. J. Crowder, both of Ontario. Dr. Bagshaw received his early education in the Ontario schools, was graduated from Woodstock College in 1898, then entered McMasters University at Toronto, was a student there two years, and subsequently was a student in Toronto University in the Medical Department, and was graduated from the Saginaw Valley Medical College in I902. In the same year he took up active practice, went ahead with increasing success for five years, and then entered the Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia, one of the oldest and best equipped medical schools in America, graduating in I908. Returning to Saginaw, Dr. Bagshaw has since been in the active practice of his profession, and a large clientage reposed complete confidence in his ability. Dr. Bagshaw has been secretary in 1911-12, of the Saginaw County Medical Society, is a member of the State Medical Society, and the American Medical Association. His other affiliations are with the Masonic Order, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Saginaw Canoe Club. His politics is of the independent order. At Toronto, in December, I9oo, Dr. Bagshaw married Emma Pugh, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Pugh, who are still living in the city of Toronto. To their marriage have been born one daughter Sarah Victoria Bagshaw, whose birth occurred in Saginaw in I90I, and who is attending the public schools of this city. Dr. Bagshaw owns and with his family occupies a beautiful home on South Washington Street in Saginaw. ERD MOTOR COMPANY. Of the many important manufacturing plants of Saginaw there is none more widely known or of more extensive operation than the Erd Motor Company, whose works are on Mackinaw and Niagara Streets in West Saginaw. The Erd Motor is a name that stands for many excellences wherever motors are known or discussed. The genius, brains and experience of one of America's ablest engineers are concretely expressed in the finely adjusted mechanism, and for efficiency, durability, smoothness of operation, and low cost of upkeep, the Erd has no superior and few equals on the market. The industry is one which brings a very large revenue to Saginaw, where it is distributed by the large force of skilled workmen in the plant, and is a large item in the general prosperity of the city. The president and manager of the Erd Motor Company is John G. Erd, whose talent in mechanical engineering and whose ability as a business organizer have been at the foundation of the company's success.

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Page  1885 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ' 1885 John G. Erd was born in Saginaw in 1858, and his people were among the pioneers of the city. His education was received in the country schools, and at an early age he took up practical engineering and mechanical work. He followed it as a workman until he perfected what is known as the Erd motor, and soon after began its manufacture in a small building, and his own labor was the biggest element in the industry as then conducted. In March 900o, having shown large possibilities in the business, he succeeded in organizing a company with a capital stock of forty thousand dollars, himself as president and manager, R. H. Knapp as vice president, and Harry F. Erd as secretary and treasurer. The present splendid plant was built in I909. It is modern in every respect, fifty skilled mechanics are employed in the factory, and the plant has a floor space used in the industry of eighteen thousand square feet. The capacity is seven hundred complete motors every year. These motors are shipped and sold in all parts of the world, and are used in motor boats, automobiles, and for other power uses. John G. Erd married Miss Anna Clago. The two children of their marriage are: Miss Edith M. Erd, and Harry S. Erd, both born in Saginaw. Harry S. Erd, secretary and treasurer of the Erd Motor Company, was born at Saginaw, March 3, I882, during his boyhood was a student in the public schools of the city, and got his practical training for life as an employe of his father. Thus he. acquired all the details of the motor manufacturing business, and having a natural talent for mechanics, he quickly proved himself an able assistant to his father, and as a young man, his range of accomplishments in the future is also unbounded. At the present time he is really the active manager of the Erd Motor Company, and looks after all the details of the business, both in the construction department and in the extension of its business commercially. Harry S. Erd is Independent in politics, is at the present time exalted ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, belongs to the Canoe Club of Saginaw, the West Side Business Men's Association, the Board of Trade, the W. and M. Association, the National Association of Engine and Boat Manufacturers, is president of the Marine Engine Manufacturers Association, and one of the most influential and able business men and citizens of Saginaw. Harry S. Erd was married at Detroit, in June 90o8, to Miss Grace Behr, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Behr, a well known Detroit family, where her parents still live. To their marriage have been born at Saginaw in June 1912, one daughter, Elizabeth Jane Erd. Both Harry Erd and his father stand in the front rank of Saginaw's successful men. The father's home is at 725 S. Washington Street, in one of the most beautiful residences of that thoroughfare, while Harry Erd resides at 618 Cleveland Avenue. CHARLES A. BIGELOW. Three times elected president of the Michigan Hardwood Lumber Manufacturers Association, Charles A. Bigelow by his practical accomplishments in lumbering has more than measured up to the dignity of his official honor. For more than thirty years beginning in early boyhood, he has been identified with the lumber business from the operation of a retail yard to the management of two of the best known lumber manufacturing concerns in the lower peninsula. The son of an old-time lumberman, he grew up in the atmosphere of the business and with an energy and alertness of mind which are well shown in his face, he has long been one of the chief individual factors in his field. Charles A. Bigelow was born at Redford, Wayne county, Michigan, July I8, I866, a son of Albert E. and Jennie (Ashcroft) Bigelow. The Vol. IV-9

Page  1886 1886 ' HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Bigelow ancestry in America goes back to English stock planted in the colonies during the sixteenth century, and on his mother's side he is of French origin. Albert E. Bigelow was born in Wayne county, Michigan, and at his death, June I5, 1913, at the age of seventy-three left a splendid business record as a lumberman and was also a gallant soldier of the Union army during the Civil war. He went in as a private in Company I of the Twenty-Fourth Michigan Infantry, and rose to the non-commissioned rank of sergeant. He was wounded both in the battle of Gettysburg and in the Wilderness conflicts. His service was from early hi 1863 until the close of the war, and he was a convalescent when peace came. Mr. Bigelow's mother was born at Montpelier, Vermont, a daughter of Charles and Martha Ashcroft. The public schools of Detroit gave Mr. Bigelow his education, and in I88I, when fifteen years old, he was first regularly employed in his father's retail lumber yard in Detroit. Several years of work gave him a good knowledge of the buying and selling of lumber and the general conduct of the business in its retail features. In I886 his father took him in as a partner, and they were associated in business until 1891, when the son was forced by illness to retire from active work for three years. Mr. Bigelow was married at Birmingham, Michigan, October 17, 1887, to Miss Minnie A. Durkee. When he again resumed his work in 1894, it was as traveling salesman for The Michelson-Hanson Lumber Company at Lewiston, and in I896 he became secretary of that company. On May 29, 19i1, The KneelandBigelow Company was organized, and soon became one of Michigan's best known lumber plants. On October I9, 1905, the Kneeland-Buell & Bigelow Compay was formed, which in I912 was changed to the Kneeland-Lunden & Bigelow Company. Mr. Bigelow is secretary, treasurer, and general manager of both these companies, while D. M. Kneeland is president. The lumbering operations of the two companies are confined to large areas of timber in Montmorency, Otsego, Presque Isle, and Cheboygan counties, the logs being brought to Bay City, where they are manufactured into lumber in two saw mills, with an annual output of forty million feet, and a total volume of business aggregating about one million dollars a year. The companies have operated largely in hemlock and hardwood. Both physically and mentally Mr. Bigelow is clearly a man for his special field of work. In business hours no one can surpass him as a hustler, and not only ill the transaction of routine matters, but as a thinker and originator of new plans and new scope of operations for his company. He is very fond of outdoor sport, is a swimmer and horseman, a baseball fan, and besides these engaging qualities, has the faculty of making friends, and he has a great host of them, not only in the lumber trade but in all classes of Michigan citizenship. In politics he is an independent Republican, and has often participated in Michigan public affairs, though never as an office seeker. At his home in Bay City, Mr. Bigelow is one of the best, most prosperous and substantial citizens. He belongs to the Bay City Club, the Bay' City Country Club, the Saginaw Country Club and the Detroit Athletic Club. Mr. Bigelow has been honored with a' place on the Michigan State Insurance Department, being chairman of the advisory committee. He was one of the organizers of the Forest Fire Detective Department of Michigan, an organization which in policing and in the instituting of other measures for the prevention of forest fires, has done a service of incalculable value in the preservation of standing timber, and in behalf of the general lumber and public interests. It should also be said in this connection that while a very successful business man himself, Mr. Bigelow has at the same time done much to

Page  1887 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1887 assist other men to fortune, and has never been selfish in his attainments. Soon after his election in the summer of 1909 as president of the Michigan Hardwood Lumber Manufacturers Association, the leading article in the American Lumberman was an interesting review of the character and activities of Mr. Bigelow and was written under the title "A Theorist who made Good." Extracts from this article will supplement the general outline of facts herewith presented: "A few years ago there was a young man in the lumber business in Michigan, who was somewhat of a theorist. At that time the lumber industry in that state was undergoing many changes. In those days whenever there.was a meeting of lumbermen in Michigan this young man was there full of new ideas concerning every operation connected with the lumber business from logging in the woods to the final selling of the lumber in the open market. For practically every new problem he had that which he believed to be the correct solution. His ideas were based on his experience in the business and close observation of the manner in which the business had been transacted in the past, and in which it would have to be transacted in the future to meet the changing order. By many he was looked upon as a theorist only. He endeavored to bring other men to his ideas, and did not always meet with encouragement. Never. theless he had the most sincere confidence in every proposition he advocated; and if other men were not prone universally to agree with him it was at least his own intention to put his theories into practice as far as possible in the operations in which he was interested. As the years went on he saw each of his theories demonstrated, and he saw men who had originally scoffed at many of his ideas coming out to put them into practice with benefit to themselves and good to the lumber business in general. Recently this young man was elected to the highest office in the gift of the Hardwood Lumbermen of Michigan, and it was a conspicuous vindication of his ideas and appreciation of his services." It was during his connection with the Michelson-Hanson Lumber Company during the nineties that Mr. Bigelow "became a conspicuous figure in the lumber manufacturing industry of the state. He was present at all of the meetings of the manufacturers that were held. In these meetings he took an active part and was frank in expressing his views. There was no feature of the business whether it was methods of logging or methods of manufacture, the conduct of an office or successful salesmanship on which he did not have an opinion which he was prepared to maintain. Although a young man about thirty years of age, he attained recognition from men much older in years and much older in the business. His aggressiveness and progressiveness demanded and received attention." FRANCIS R. ALGER. A school of practical vocational training, with a record to be found in the personnel of a large number of business concerns in the state of Michigan, is the Bliss-Alger College of Saginaw. Probably no educational institution in the city has a more practical relation to the business community, and to the individual welfare of many young men and women in that section of the state. The Bliss-Alger College has ample quarters and facilities for perfect work, and with all the necessary equipment, and with a staff of thoroughly trained and expert teachers in the different branches offers courses in general business, including bookkeeping, commercial law, banking, office practice, accounting, short-hand and typewriting, court reporting, and a number of the common branches, which are fundamental to any business education. Francis R. Alger, who represents an old family in the Saginaw Valley was born in Saginaw county, May 9, 1885, a son of David B. and Carrie

Page  1888 1888 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN (Gray) Alger. Both parents were born in New York State, and were brought to Michigan and to Saginaw county many years ago. His father, who now lives retired in Saginaw, was for many years, active as a farmer, and during the Civil war went out with the Fifth Michigan Regiment and carried arms in defense of the union throughout the war. Grandfather Leonard Alger was also a soldier in the Civil war and died during the hostilities. The father is now sixty-eight years of age, and the mother is about sixty-two. There were two sons, the other being Dr. Alger, of Saginaw. Francis R. Alger has largely educated himself and made his own way in the world with little assistance from outside sources. At the age of nineteen he was graduatd from the Saginaw high school, was a student in the Arthur Hill School, and for one year studied medicine in the Detroit Medical College. That year convinced him that medicine was not his forte, and after attending school for one year at Columbus he went to Kalamazoo and was a teacher there one year, and then came to Saginaw and with Mr. Bliss opened the institution above described. The present enrollment of the. Bliss-Alger College is three hundred and twenty-four students, and there is an average of two hundred graduates each year. This indicates the prosperity and also the high standing of the school in the estimation of business houses and the people of northeastern Michigan. Mr. Alger is Independent in politics, belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church and on June I2, I907, at Saginaw, was married to Miss Madge Alcenia Bliss, whose father was the late Fred H. Bliss, a well known citizen of Saginaw. Her mother is still living at Saginaw. To their marriage have been born two children: Dorris Bliss Alger,. born January, I9Io; and Ruth Alcenia Alger, born December I2, I912. Mr. Alger is fond of all outdoor sports, and is an enthusiastic member of the Saginaw Canoe Club. EALY & COMPANY. This firm, which has its headquarters at Caro, does the largest private banking, real estate and abstract business in Tuscola county, and few associations of a business and financial nature have a record of such substantial character, enduring integrity, and influential relations with a larger territory. The enterprise of Ealy & Company is by no means confined to the city of Caro. It is the parent concern of a large number of branch banks in that section of the state, and the constituent members of the company represent capital, business power, and resources far above any possible extension of liability. The members of Ealy & Company are Dr. John M. Ealy, his two sons, J. McNair Ealy and Milton D. Ealy and Henry Parker. Dr. Tohn Milton Ealy, who has for twenty-five years been successfully identified with banking in Tuscola county, and who previous to coming to Michigan was a successful physician and surgeon, was born in the state of Pennsylvania. He graduated from the college at Edinboro, Pennsylvania, for a number of years taught school in his native state, and with the earnings from that vocation pursued his studies and graduated from the Cleveland Medical College with the degree M. D. He has practiced medicine at Girard, Pennsylvania, for a number of years, and finally retired from the profession and located at Caro in Tuscola county, Michigan, in I888. Dr. Ealy began his career as a banker by purchasing the interest of A. T. Slaight in a private bank at Caro. Previously the firm had been Slaight, Staley & Cooper, later Cooper & Slaight, and subsequently Carson & Ealy. After Dr. Ealy became interested in the business, its success as bankers and real estate dealers was greatly extended, and he continued his associations with Mr. Carson until the death of ~W. H. Carson in 1904. That resulted in the reorganization of a new

Page  1889 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1889 company, comprising John M. Ealy, Henry Parker, Milton D. Ealy and John M\cNair Ealy, under the present title of Ealy & Company. This new company has become one of the strongest and best known private banking institutions in the eastern part of Michigan, and since the reorganization fifteen branch banks have been established in various parts of the state. These branches are as follows: Bank of Akron, Bank of Reese, Bank of Fairgrove, Bank of Millington, Bank of Clifford, Bank of Silverwood, The State Savings Bank of Caro, Bank of Otter Lake, Bank of East Tawas, Bank of Tawas City, Bank of Gilford, Bank of Richville, Bank of Munger, Ogemaw County Bank at West Branch and Bank of Hale. Dr. Ealy besides his extensive associations with business affairs is treasurer of the Gleaners Association of Detroit, and also affiliates with the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a deacon in the Presbyterian church and in politics a Republican. Dr. Ealy married Miss Agnes McNair, who was born in Pennsylvania, the McNairs having been prominent and wealthy land owners in that state. Dr. Ealy and wife became the parents of three children, and brief sketches of the careers of their two sons follow: John McNair Ealy, son of Dr. John M. Ealy, was born at Girard, Pennsylvania, December 24, 1885, received his early education in the common and high schools at Caro, to which city the family removed when he was about three years of age, and after two years in the New York Military Academy returned to Michigan and began his business career under the direction of his father in the banking house of Carson & Ealy. During the next four years he learned all the details of banking, real estate, and related affairs, and in i906 was made a partner in the business, and has since been one of the energetic factors in the success of the firm. In I9o6 John McNair Ealy married in Caro Miss Hazel Harris, a daughter of Benjamin and Clara (DeVoe) Harris. Her father, now deceased, was at one time prominent in the grain and elevator business in Tuscola county. Mr. Ealy and wife have two sons: Horton McNair and Harris DeVoe, both of whom were born in Caro. Mr. Ealy is a Republican, affiliates with the Knights of Pythias and his family are members of the Presbyterian church. Milton D, Ealy, the second son and junior partner of the firm of Ealy & Company, was born in Caro, Michigan, April 26, I891. Though a very young man his accomplishments are far beyond his youthful years. The common and high schools of Caro gave him his early training, and he also spent three years in the military academy where his brother had been a student before him. At the age of twenty-one he started to, work in his father's bank, beginning with the branch at Silverwood, and after one year was taken in as junior partner with the company in June, I913. He is a Republican in politics, was reared in the faith of the Presbyterian church, but at times worships in the Episcopal church of which his wife is a member. In July, 1913, at Caro, Milton D. Ealy married Miss Margaret M. Gallagher, who was born in Saginaw. Her father is Rev. William I-. Gallagher, a prominent clergyman of the Episcopal church in Michigan, and Grand Chaplain of the Masonic fraternity in the state. Her mother is Ann (Duncan) Gallagher. Mr. Ealy and wife have one daughter, Agnes McNair Ealy, born in Caro, June 26, I914. Henry Parker, the other member of the firm of Ealy & Company, is one of the highly successful men of Tuscola county, and has come up from the ranks of business affairs to leadership and important influence. Born in Derbyshire, England, October 7, I869, Henry Parker is a son of John and Sarah (Matkin)! Parker, both of whom were born in Derbyshire and are now deceased. His father, who was a lace manu

Page  1890 1890 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN facturer in his native shire for many years, died in I880 at, the age of fifty-seven, while the mother survived until I912 and was eighty-one years of age at the time of her death. The youngest of, nine children, Henry Parker received a grammar school education, but when eleven years of age left his books to begin an apprenticeship in his father's factory, where he served five years, and learned the trade of lace designer. Failing health compelled him to leave the confining vocation to which he had been trained, and he came on a visit to America after three years as a journeyman worker in the lace industry. He arrived in this country in October, 1887, and was directed to Tuscola part of Michigan by reason of the fact that his uncle, Joseph Matkin, was a farmer in that section, and while visiting under his roof began work as a farm hand and in the lumber woods and stave mills of that locality. Three years of this vigorous outdoor occupation completely restored his health and rugged vigor, and since then he has never had any relations with the trade which he learned as a young man, but coming to Caro began his business career as clerk in a grocery store. Six months later he found a position as clerk with the banking house of Carson & Ealy and was paid at first only three dollars a week as wages. He showed industry and responsibility, and rose rapidly in the confidence of his employers, and for ten years was the official abstractor for Tuscola county. In I906 Mr. Parker became a member of the firm of Ealy & Company at the death of Mr. Carson, and is now recognized as one of the successful and prosperous business men of Caro. His prominence in local affairs is also indicated by his services for two years as treasurer of the city of Caro, as assessor for four terms, and as a member of the Board of Education. In politics he is a Republican, affiliates with the Knights of Pythias, and he and his wife are members of the Methodist church. In October, I893, at Caro, Mr. Parker married Miss Violet B. Warren, who Was born in Wayne county, Michigan, and her father, George W. Warren, was at one time engaged in the manufacture of brick in Caro, but is now a resident of Cheboygan, Michigan. Mr. Parker and wife have two children: Fred Parker, who was born at Caro in 1897 and is now a student in the high school, and Geneva Parker, born at Caro in November, 1899. JOHN B. GOETZ. The oldest and largest business of its kind in Saginaw is the John B. Goetz Greenhouses, which was founded by John B. Goetz in 1871. Mr. Goetz had learned his trade thoroughly in his native land of Germany, but on coming to Saginaw, he was possessed of very little capital, and with the thrift and enterprise characteristic of his nationality, acquired a little piece of ground and constructed his first greenhouses with his own hands. He went into the business conservatively, supplied the best of everything to his customers, and by careful tending and economical management during the first years, saw his business rapidly developing until his prosperity was assured. Mr. Goetz, who now lives retired, from active affairs, is one of the honored older business men of Saginaw. John B. Goetz was born in Phaffendorf, Bavaria Germany, September 7, I844, was educated in the German schools, and at the age of fourteen was apprenticed to a florist, and spent four or five years in learning the profession which was the basis for his successful career. At the age of twenty-three he came to New York City, spent four years there, and in 1871, established at Saginaw, the John B. Goetz Greenhouses. At the present time the Goetz greenhouses have seventy-five thousand square feet of glass, and there is no establishment in the state of its kind more modern and capable of supplying finer products to the trade. The entire

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Page  1891 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1891 plant is heated by steam. In I903, Mr. Goetz, having given his close attention to the business for thirty-two years, retired and turned over the active management to his sons. Mr. Goetz has been a Republican voter since coming to America, but has never shown any inclination to seek the honor of public office, and has been content to perform his citizenship through his private business. At Iake Ridge, Michigan, in I876, Mr. Goetz married Miss Margareta Beland, a daughter of John Beland and wife. She died in the summer of 1883. Her father died in 1902 and her mother in October, I9IO. The Belands were a well known pioneer family, and her father came to this part of Michigan many years ago, was a farmer and stock raiser, and built his first home out of the rough logs, that old cabin still standing until a few years ago. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Goetz were born two sons, the birth of both occurring in Saginaw. Henry W. F. Goetz was born in 1877, and J. Fred Goetz in I879. Both attended the public schools of this city, and on leaving school entered their father's establishment, got a thorough knowledge of the floral business in all details, and in 1903 was entrusted with the responsibility of managing the prosperous business built up by their father, and have for ten years conducted it with increasing prosperity. Henry Goetz was married in Hinsdale, Illinois, in 1904, to Miss Hermine Mueller, a daughter of Henry Mueller, her parents still living at Hinsdale, Illinois. Mrs. Goetz was born in Proviso, Illinois. Their children are: John B., Jr., born in Saginaw, on Decemher 22, I907; Margareta Goetz born on August 20, Iq09; and Herbert Winfred, born on August I6, I913. Henry Goetz is a Republican in politics, belongs to the German Lutheran church, and he and his family reside at 315 N. Webster Street. J. Fred Goetz was married in Saginaw in I907 to Miss Wilhelmina Kurzhals, a daughter of Henry and Wilhelmina Kurzhals, her father now deceased. J. Fred is also a Republican and a member of the Lutheran church. John B. Goetz married for his second wife Otelia Yahran, who is still living. JOSEPH HENRI RIOPELLE, M. D. Since I906 a physician and surgeon of high standing and success in Saginaw, Dr. Riopelle represents an old French-Canadian family, is a graduate of the best Dominion schools, and is a man whose success has been well earned. It was by hard work at any honest occupation that Dr. Riopelle earned the money needed for his higher education, and when he left University he had in addition to his diploma a thorough experience and a self-reliance gained by actual contact with men and life. His birth occurred in Montreal, Canada, September I8, i868. His parents were Louis and Sophie (Constant) Riopelle, among whose seven children he was third in order of birth. Both parents were natives of Canada, lived there all their lives and his father followed the business of contracting mason, until his death in I9go, at the age of sixty-nine. The Riopelle family was founded in Canada during the latter half of the eighteenth century, by the great-grandparents, of Dr. Riopelle. Dr. Riopelle's mother was at one time a school teacher, and her death occurred in go90 at the age of sixty-eight. Joseph Henri Riopelle, as a boy, attended the public schools, and his ambition to get a medical education was pursued under adverse circumstances. Finally he acquired the means to enter the Laval University of Montreal, where he was awarded his diploma in medicine in 1894. One year was spent in practice at Montreal, after which he went to the state of Maine, practicing at Greenville and Brunswick until I906. Dr. Riopelle came to Saginaw in I906, and has since enjoyed a large practice and also an influential place as a citizen, particularly among the many

Page  1892 1892 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN people of his own nationality in this city. In civic and social affairs, he has taken a prominent part. For four years from I908 to I912, Dr. Riopelle was city physician of Saginaw. He is supreme president of the French League of Saginaw, has been supreme officer of the Society of St. John the Baptist of America for six years; belongs to the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the Knights of Columbus, is a Catholic in religion, and a Republican in politics. The doctor belongs to the various medical societies, and is a working member of the Saginaw board of trade. At Montreal in I893 Dr. Riopelle married Miss Fabiola Payette, a daughter of Medore Payette. Mrs. Riopelle died at Greenville, Maine, in 90oo. Her two sons were: Joseph Henri Riopelle, born at Montreal in I895; and Joseph Edward Riopelle, born in Greenville, Maine in I899. Both sons are students of a school in Montreal, where they are being liberally educated in both the English and French languages. At Greenville, Maine, in I903, Dr. Riopelle married Miss Mary Elizabeth Nasom, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Nasom, whose home is at Skowhegan, Maine. All the three children of the second marriage died in infancy. Dr. Riopelle resides at 902 South Washington Street, owns one of the fine automobiles of the city, and uses that machine both in the practical work of his profession and as a means of relaxation and pleasure. HARRY E. OPPENHEIMER. To those who smoke-and their number is legion-the title of the Oppenheimer Cigar Company has long been familiar in the states of Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan, and stands for high standards of merchandise and courteous methods of salesmanship. In the three states mentioned, Samuel and Harry E. Oppenheimer now operate a chain of twenty-three stores, and handle each year a vast volume both wholesale and retail in cigars and general smokers' supplies. It is a splendid business representing the modern system of business organization, and every one of the stores is creditable to the enterprise and ability of the two proprietors. The headquarters of the business are at Saginaw. In the career of Harry E. Oppenheimer, the junior member of the firm, Saginaw has one of its ablest business men, and few have risen in so short a time to a commanding position in the trade. Harry E. Oppenheimer was born at Richmond, Indiana, February Io, I872, a son of Benjamin and Carolina (Kline) Oppenheimer. Both. parents were born in Massillon, Ohio, where their respective parents were early settlers, and both families at an early date removed to Richmond, Indiana, where Benjamin and Carolina Oppenheimer grew up and were married. Benjamin Oppenheimer engaged in the clothing business at Richmond, and followed it actively there until I883, when he moved to Saginaw. His death occurred at Saginaw, in May, 1904, when fiftyeight years old. His wife survived and is now living in Saginaw at the age of sixty-six years. Of the nine children, seven are living. Harry E. Oppenheimer who was third among the children, was about eleven years old when he came to Saginaw, and continued his education here until graduating from the high school. His uncle, Samuel Oppenheimer, had established a cigar business at Saginaw in I887, and when the nephew finished high school, his first regular work was as clerk in the Oppenheimer Cigar establishment. The business was then conducted on the ordinary scale of the individual store, and it was largely the foresight and keen enterprise of the junior member that opened up the way and did the planning and executed the details in the organizing of a system of stores, now located in three different states. In a short time he had risen from the responsibilities of a clerk to the ownership of a

Page  1893 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1893 half interest in the Oppenheimer business. Seven of the Oppenheimer stores are located in the city of Chicago, though the,headquarters have always been in Saginaw, Michigan. Necessarily the magnitude of the enterprise requires the employment of a large force of skilled tobacco salesmen, and the stock and fixtures, and the payroll represent a large investment and capitalization. One of the rules of the house is "Always be polite and courteous," and that has been one of the corner stones in the success of the business. Mr. Harry E. Oppenheimer is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks in Saginaw, and in Masonry has taken the Scottish Rite up to and including the thirty-second degree. He is a member of the Elf Khurafeh Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., one of its charter members and very active, and is treasurer and held other important offices in that organization. He is treasurer of Saginaw Valley Chapter No. 3I R. A. M., also treasurer of the Order of Eastern Star Mutual Benefit Association. His other local affiliations are with the Saginaw Club, the Arbeiter Society at Saginaw, the Saginaw Country Club, the Germania Society, and as one of the live members of the Saginaw Board of Trade. Mr. Oppenheimer states that he has always been too busy to meddle with politics, and his attitude in that direction is independent. However, his good citizenship has never been a matter of doubt, and he quickly allies himself with laudible public undertakings. Mr. Oppenheimer is unmarried, and resides with his mother in one of the beautiful homes in Saginaw. He is fond of all athletic sports, and is one of the most popular and influential young business men in the Saginaw Valley. MALCOLM C. SINCLAIR, M. D. Humanity owes a greater debt to medical science and its exponents than to any other profession or class of men. The physician from earliest times has borne an important part, not alone in the care of the sick, but in the councils of the nations, and as the countries have passed, his importance has deservedly increased. The life of the medical practitioner is never one of ease; not only is he required to devote years to preliminary training, but his studies are not completed until he finally lays aside his duties, for medicine is one of the most progressive sciences known and each day develops new methods and discoveries, to keep abreast of which demands unceasing study, a broad mind and comprehensive reasoning. Prominent among the medical men of Grand Rapids who has won deservedly high place by reason of his devotion to his profession is found Malcolm C. Sinclair, M. D., who has been engaged in continuous practice in this city since I876. Doctor Sinclair was born on a farm near St. Thomas, County Elgin, Ontario, Canada, October 3, I850, and is a son of Coll and Jane (McLarty) Sinclair, natives of Scotland, and a grandson of Archibald Sinclair, who spent his life in that country. The father was a farmer and stockraiser by occupation, and attained success by reason of his native energy and thrift. Both he and his wife emigrated to Canada as young people and were there married, and both passed away in the faith of the Disciples Church. In politics, Mr. Sinclair was a Conservative. Of his family of twelve children, all of whom attained manhood and womanhood, eight still survive. Dr. Sinclair's early education began in a Canadian Country School, after which he entered the high and grammar schools of St. Thomas. Shortly after this, he became a student in the office of Dr. Leonard Luton, St. Thomas, Ontario (who for many years was president of the College of Physicians and Siurgeons of Ontario), and then became a student in Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, where he graduated in 1873. Following this, he spent' some time in Europe, and upon his return to the

Page  1894 1894 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN United States began the practice of medicine in Grand Rapids, Michigan. By that time, the Doctor's resources were about exhausted and he began his professional career as a poor and practically obscure doctor. He experienced the usual difficulties of the young physician in gaining a foothold in his profession, but his superior abilities soon became recognized and he began to enjoy a good practice. Since that time, Doctor Sinclair has advanced rapidly to a high place in his profession, and his achievements have given him a high standing among the medical fraternity and a firm place in the confidence of his fellow-citizens. He has been honored by appointment and election to various positions of trust and responsibility. He was appointed by Governor Pingree a member of the first board of registration in medicine in Michigan and was elected its first president. He was also appointed by Governor Warner a member of the State Board of Health, where he served six years. He also served six years on the Grand Rapids Board of Health. He is now a member of the medical examiners of the Michigan State Sanatorium at Howell, Michigan. He was also appointed by President Roosevelt member of the United States Board of Pension Examiners, where he served eight years. He has served as president of the Michigan Homeopathic State Medical Society, of which he is still a member, as well as member of the American Institute of Homeopathy, American Medical Association, West Michigan Homeopathic Society and Kent County Medical Society and is on the staff of the U. B. A. Hospital, where he was for some time lecturer to the nurses of that institution.. He maintains offices in the Widdicomb Building and carries on a general practice, although he is not unknown in the field of surgery. His business interests are many and he is connected with the Valley City Lumber Company, Ltd., and was one of the founders and is still a director of the Grand Rapids Building & Loan Association and is president of the Grand Rapids Milk Association. In politics he is a Republican, and his fraternal connection is with Grand River Lodge No. 34, F. & A. M., DeMolai Commandery and the Shrine, of the Masonic order. In I887, Doctor Sinclair was married to Miss Edith M. Luton, daughter of William and Elizabeth Luton, of Mapleton, Ontario, and two children have been born to this union: Douglas, who after graduating from the Grand Rapids High School entered the University of Michigan and is now treasurer of the Valley City Lumber Company, Ltd., and Jean, who married Heber W. Curtis, vice president of the Kent State Bank. Dr. and Mrs. Sinclair and their children are members of the Disciples church. EMIl. P. W. RICHTER, M. D. A prominent young physician who has practiced at Saginaw since i9oo, Dr. Richter belongs to one of the old and substantial families of that city, was himself born there and before entering upon his profession had prepared by study and training in the best schools and centers of learning in both America and Europe. Emil P. W. Richter was born in Saginaw, February 10, 1875, the second of eight children born to Fred A. and Katherine (Mueller) Richter. His father was born in Prussia, and the mother in Hessia, Germany. The grandparents on both sides came to America when Dr. Richter's mother and father were about twelve years of age, both families establishing their homes in Saginaw, where they have lived' ever since. Fred A. Richter was for many years in the employ of the Wright Lumber Company, and for a time operated a saw mill business of his own at Marion; Michigan. Finally he engaged in the drug business at Saginaw, and is still active in business affairs. Dr. Richter grew lip in Saginaw, and was educated in the public and

Page  1895 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1895 parish schools. His first training for his profession was furnished by the Saginaw Valley Medical College and he afterwards took post-graduate work in the New York Post Graduate Hospital, went abroad and studied and attended clinics in Berlin and Vienna and other European centers, and in i9oo began active practice. His career as a physician and surgeon has been one of uninterrupted and unqualified success. He was president of the County Medical Society in I9II, and is a member of the State M\edical Society and the American Medical Association. In politics he is a Republican. From 1904 to I9II, he was honored by the citizens of Saginaw County with the office of coroner, and in I913 was elected County Physician, which office he now holds. His fraternal relations are with the Masonic Order, including the Chapter degree, and he is a member and is medical examiner for the local organization of the Maccabees, the \Woodmen of the World, the Royal Neighbors, the Loyal Mystic Legion, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Arbeiter Society. At Saginaw, September I, 190o, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Richter and Miss Elspeth R. Grenney, a daughter of WVilliam and Jeanette Grenney. Dr. Richter and wife are both popular in social affairs, and he is especially fond of outdoor sports, and takes much interest in the local Y. M. C. A. HON. FRANK L. DODGE commenced his professional career in Lansing thirty-five years ago and both as a lawyer and a public servant has earned a substantial and honorable reputation. He is a native of Ohio, born at Oberlin, Lorain county, in 1853, the son of Hervey and Angeline (Stevens) Dodge, and comes of distinguished ancestry. Hervey Dodge, his father, was born in Essex county, Massachusetts, July 20, I8o6, and was by trade a cabinetmaker. His brother was the father of the manufacturer of the well-known Dodge brand of shoes, and he himself was a nephew of Nathan Dane, the eminent lawyer. Angeline Stevens, the mother of Frank L. Dodge, was born at Haverhill, New Hampshire, July 22, 1812, the daughter of Col. Bradstreet Stevens, whose brother served in the War of 1812. Her remote ancestry was of Revolutionary stock. E. L. Stevens, her brother, was for thirty-five years chief clerk of the Indian Bureau, at Washington, D. C., and his son, Durham White Stevens, served as Japanese consul to Korea. After working at his trade for a number of years, Harvey Dodge engaged in the furniture business at Utica, New York, from whence he came west to Ohio, there meeting his future wife, who had migrated to that state in young womanhood. The father died in July, 1884, while the mother survived until January, I890. Frank L. Dodge received ordinary educational advantages in Ohio, and there entered a business career, but after some years as a merchant decided to adopt the profession of law, and accordingly took up his studies at Eaton Rapids, Eaton county, Michigan, in the office of the late Hon. Isaac M. Crane, of whom he became a partner as soon as he was admitted to the bar. In I879 Mr. Dodge removed to Lansing, where he has since continued successfully in the practice of his profession, for several years in partnership with the Hon. C. P. Black, formerly United States attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan. In his long and uniformly progressive career several personal traits are quite noticeable, among them versatility of talents combined with thoroughness of preparation and depth of legal knowledge. In 1885 Judge Brown, later of the United States Supreme Court, appointed Mr. Dodge United States commissioner, an office which he held for a period of ten years. For twelve years he was a member of the Lansing common council and of the county board of supervisors. In 1882 he was elected on the Democratic ticket to the Michigan State Legislature and was re-elected by an increased ma

Page  1896 1896 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN jority in 1884, and served with distinction, ability and usefulness in the sessions of that body, introducing and in many cases securing the passage of a number of the most important measures. In I890 Mr. Dodge was elected to the Michigan State Senate, and in the upper body of the legislature served with equal distinction as he had in the lower. Mr. Dodge was the original promoter and incorporator, as well as secretary, of the Lansing, St. Johns and St. Louis Railway Company, and it was to his efforts and unflagging zeal that the successful completion of the enterprise was chiefly due. On November 20, 1888, Mr. Dodge was married to Miss Abby Turner, the daughter of the late Hon. James Turner, and youngest sister of the late Hon. James M. Turner. Five children have been born to this union, namely: Sophie Dane, Franklin L., Jr., Wyllis Osborne, Joseph Nicholson and Marion Elizabeth. EDWIN KERSTEN. Thirty years of vigorous business enterprise, of faithful and efficient handling of many trusts and responsibilities, and of public spirited citizenship, have marked the residence of Edwin Kersten at Saginaw. Mr. Kersten's name is too well known in his home city to require an introduction, and in connection with general insurance business, with which he has been identified since I889, and in fraternal and benevolent circles, and in civic affairs, it has always been synonymous with the punctuality and fidelity which are qualities in themselves bespeaking the highest praise to their possessor. Edwin Kersten, a native of Germany where he grew up and lived until early manhood was born March 27, I86I, at Brentau,,Kreis, Danzig in West Prussia, a son of Julius and Emalai (Strahl) Kersten. The mother, who was born in Germany, in 1834, is still a resident of Saginaw, now nearly eighty years of age, and well known in the older-GermanAmerican circles of the city. When Edwin was four years of age his father died, and thus the burden of family management and support was largely thrown upon the shoulders of the widow. The other children of the family, several of whom are residents of America, are mentioned as follows: Oscar Kersten, who lives in his native city of Germany; Julius Kersten, a prominent merchant in Saginaw, since 1879; Clara, wife of John Galstrer, who is a prosperous farmer at Frankenmuth, in Saginaw county; Lena, wife of Oliver Goldsmith, of Detroit; Hattie, wife of Charles McKnight, who for thirty years has served as messenger for the R. I. Railroad Company. When eight years old Edwin Kersten entered the Gymnasium at Culm, but his ambition to secure a college education was made impossible of attainment owing to the financial straits of the widowed mother. At the age of sixteen therefore he decided to leave college in order to lighten his mother's burden and in 1877 secured a position as clerk in the postoffice at Danzig, his native town. From there he was transferred as assistant postmaster to the city of Thorn, and in I883 had become one of the proficient employes in the postal service. However, in that year he secured a leave of absence in order to visit his mother and other members of the family who had imigrated to the United States several years previously, and had found homes in Saginaw. This visit proved so pleasant ~and brought him into such agreeable associations that he sought and obtained his resignation from the state service of Prussia in 1884, and since that time has been a prominent resident of Saginaw. His early education and experience enabled him to get work in clerical capacities, and he filled every office with credit. His early experiences led him into the insurance field, and since I893

Page  1897 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1897 Mr. Kersten has been independently engaged in general insurance and also in real estate. His business gradually expanded, and at the present time he represents seventeen of the leading companies as agent. These companies include some of the best known fire companies, also plate glass, employers liability, indemnity bonds, life, automobile and tornado and wind storm companies. In I9II, Mr. Kersten became one of the organizers of the German American State Bank of Saginaw, and has since held the office of vice president. His business offices are in the German American State Bank Building, at the corner of Hamilton and Hancock streets. Mr. Kersten is also a director in the Banner Brewing Company of Saginaw, and a director and secretary of the Saginaw Cigar Company, an industry of much importance locally. For many years, much of his time and interests have been absorbed in secret and benevolent society work, and also in public affairs. For four years he has been a Master Mason of Germania Lodge No. 79, A. F. & A. M.; is a trustee of the Knightsi of Honor; Secretary and Treasurer of the Knights and Ladies of Honor; has membership in the Knights of the Maccabees; has the honor of holding the only life membership card in the Saginaw Branch of the Loyal Order of Moose, being founder of Lodge No. 82 of that order, and a past dictator; also belongs to the Teutonia Society, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In I888 Mr. Kersten joined the Allgemeiner Arbeiter Bund of Michigan, a German Benevolent Organization, better known as the Arbeiter-Unterstutzungs-Verein. In I89o he was made secretary of the association, in 1893, president of the board of trustees, and in 1893 also president of the association, and in 1898 president of the association for the entire state of Michigan, holding that office two years. In I895, Mr. Kersten was made treasurer of the association for the state of Michigan, and exercised such cate and energy and business prudence in the administration of that office as to call out the following tribute from its president, "Allow me to congratulate you for your prompt handling of the business entrusted to you in the capacity of treasurer. That is what I call efficiency. To my own knowledge the orders have never been so punctually paid as under your direction. One who had so thorough a knowledge of the office has many opportunities for excellent service in this way." Mr. Kersten although always active in behalf of the Democratic party has never sought office, but has been nominated and elected at different times to places of responsibilities, while other nominations have been declined owing to his absorption in his varied business affairs. In I892 he filled an unexpired term as alderman from the twelfth ward, and was reelected serving from I892 to I894. In I897 he was made deputy county treasurer of Saginaw county, and was recently Democratic candidate for city treasurer of Saginaw. Besides his extensive business in insurance and banking, he also transacts a valuable service for his clients as a notary public and title abstract work, and is agent for several of the leading steamship lines. On January 22, i888, Edwin Kersten married Miss Johanna Rogner, of Saginaw county, a daughter of Michael and Margaretha (Schnell) Rogner. To their marriage have been born eight children: Emma, living with her parents; Herman; Edwin Jr., assistant to his father; Rose, wife of Ernest Grunow, of Saginaw; Ernest, a student in the Lutheran Seminary and preparing for the ministery; Norman; Ida; and Vera. Mr. Kersten lives at 415 North Webster Street. His only recreations are his outing trips to Mackinac Island during the summer season. His family are members of the Lutheran Church.

Page  1898 1898 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN JOHN L. A. GALSTER. Than the lives of those who have risen from the ranks and by unswerving integrity and consecutive effort have conquered fate, there is nothing more interesting, more elevating or more encouraging. The sternest opposition, bitter trials, difficulties apparently insurmountable, sink into mere shadows before energy, self-reliance, application and earnest perseverance of character. Success may long elude, but it is certain of attainment eventually by those who persistently and perseveringly strive. These facts the life of John L. A. Galster will illustrate. John L. A. Galster was born in the city of Buffalo, New York, May I, 1879, and is a son of John J. and Louise (Dauer) Galster, the former a native of Hamburg, Germany, and the latter of Alsace Lorraine. They emigrated to the United States during the early 'seventies, and first settled in Buffalo, but in I870 removed to Boyne Falls, and after a short stay returned to Buffalo. Mr. Galster was engaged in a successful business venture there until the year I88I, at which time he disposed of his interests and again went to Boyne Falls, where for the past thirty-three years he has been engaged in prosperous mercantile pursuits. Mr. Galster is one of his community's foremost and most successful business men, and his name is identified with a variety of interests, all connected with the industrial and commercial activities of his adopted place. Although he is a very busy man, his extensive operations making large demands upon his attention, he has found the opportunity and the inclination to serve his city, his county and his state in various official capacities, and since 1914 has been postmaster at Boyne Falls. Although a self-educated man, keen observation and broad experience have given him a great fund of general information and few have a better knowledge of the real issues of the day. Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Galster, as follows: Louise, born in Buffalo, now the wife of Benjamin E. Rine, of Detroit; John L. A.; Clara, born at Buffalo, who resides with her parents; Elizabeth and Anna, also living at home; Charles, who is interested with John L. A. in the Union Cigar Cooperative Store, and Henry, who is associated in the insurance business with his brother, John L. A., at Petoskey. John L. A. Galster received his early educational training in the public schools of Boyne Falls, to which place he was taken as a child, and when seventeen years of age began to make his own way in the world, his first position being in the capacity of solicitor for the Michigan Accident Insurance Association, of Kalamazoo. This company did not succeed, and seven months after Mr. Galster began his connection with it the concern closed its doors, he at that time finding employment with the United States Health and Accident Company of Saginaw. In the following year, so excellent had been his work that he was made district manager for the Michigan Home and Hospital Insurance Company, of Grand Rapids, and remained with that company seven years, resigning his position, in which he had shown his ability and worth to the insurance world, to accept the state agency for the National Casualty Company of Detroit, his-headquarters and offices being at Petoskey, where he made a fine record for his company. In 1905 Mr. Galster purchased the interest of E. Barnum, of the firm of Wachtel & Barnum, prominent in the real estate,and insurance trade in this city, with which he was identified until it was dissolved by the death of Mr. Galster's partner, Philip E. Wachtel, November I6, I913. On January I, 1914, Mr. Galster purchased Mr. Wachtel's interest from the members of his estate and since that time has continued in business alone. From 1911 to 19I3 he was president of the Michigan Association of Insurance Agents. Mr. Galster has always been greatly interested in real estate matters, handling large tracts of farming property and city realty, residences, business

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Page  1899 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1899 blocks, etc., and has met with much success in his various ventures. The greater part of his attention, however, has been given to the insurance business, for success in which he possesses the peculiar qualities so necessary to the man who would attain prosperity in this field. He has large and well equipped offices, modern in every appointment, where he employs several stenographers. Other lines of endeavor have had the benefit of Mr. Galster's good management and business acumen, he being one-half owner of the Royal Cigar Company, and Union Cigar Company, two leading retail businesses of Petoskey, was one of the organizers and one-half owner of the Northern Automobile Company, of Petoskey, and its president for its organization October I, I912, until he recently disposed of his holdings; and was one of the organizers of the Petoskey Construction Company, which built three miles of stone road in Emmett county. A lover of all things beautiful, he has been able as chairman of the park board to contribute to the appearance of Petoskey, and in various other ways has advanced its welfare. He is also president of Petoskey Automobile Association. Fraternally, Mr. Galster is connected with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His political views are those of the Republican party. On November 7, 1903, Mr. Galster was married at Petoskey, to Miss Rena Buell, a native of Union City, Michigan, and daughter of David and Eliza (Dean) Buell. She is an active member of the Presbyterian church, and has been well known for her helpful work as a member of the Ladies Aid Society and in various charitable movements. Mr. Galster has the happy faculty of making friends, and the still more rare and desirable accomplishment of keeping them. Among his acquaintances and admirers are to be found men who are prominent in all parts of the state. He seldom takes a vacation, but when he does indulge himself in a rest from the activities and worries of business life generally takes his rod or gun and haunts the fields and stream in search of game. He is also a dyed-in-the-wool baseball fan, and may frequently be found attending the national pastime. A self-made man in every sense, while he has been rising to success he has not failed to help others in their struggles. His pleasant home at Petoskey, which is but one of his many properties, is one of the commodious residences of the city, and is frequently the scene of social gatherings. ALBERT ELWOOD SNOW. Present city attorney of Saginaw, Mr. Snow is one of the prominent younger members of the Saginaw bar, and he is a son of the late Judge Byron A. Snow, who for a long period of years was one of the most distinguished lawyers and jurists of northeastern Michigan. Byron Albert Snow was born in Jackson county, Michigan, grew up in modest circumstances, used his talents to fit himself for the work of education, and for more than three years followed teaching both in his home state and in Kansas. While a teacher he took up the study of law, was admitted to practice, and gained recognition as 'one of the ablest lawyers of the Saginaw county bar, having begun his practice in that county in I883. In I896 came his election to the circuit bench of the Tenth Judicial district. In I899 he was reelected and again in I9O5, he was honored with that high dignity. Judge Snow was for years one of the leading Democrats of Saginaw county, before his election to the bench was on the stump in his district in nearly every campaign. As an orator he had a reputation of one of the most effective in the state, and exercised an important influence in public affairs. In I905 he had the indorsement of all the opposing parties for his reelection to the bench. During the eighties from I88o to I889, he represented Saginaw county in

Page  1900 1900 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the state legislature. The record of his judicial career was one of the most scrupulous impartiality of fine learning and profound judgment, and he will be remembered with esteem by the members of the Saginaw bar as long as one remains who ever practiced in his court. His death occurred one month after his reelection on May 5, I905. Seldom has the passing of a lawyer in the Saginaw bar produced more profound sorrow than the death of Judge Snow, and the county bar association drew up resolutions which went beyond the formal tone of such tributes, and indicated the sincere esteem which members of the bar as a whole felt for the distinguished judge who had just passed away. The widow of Judge Snow now lives in Jackson, Michigan. There were three children, as follows: Dr. Arthur B. Snow, who is now established in the practice of dentistry at Saginaw; Albert E. Snow, and Alice Elizabeth, wife of Walter R. Snow, of Jackson, Michigan. Albert Elwood Snow was born in Jackson, Jackson county, Michigan, July I6, 1878, a son of Judge Byron Albert and Annie (Stevens) Snow. Both his parents were born in Jackson county. Mr. Snow has spent practically all his career in Saginaw county, and was reared in the village of Chesaning, being a graduate of the high school of that village in I897. Entering the State University in S899, he was graduated in law with the class of 1902, and began his practice in the city of Saginaw, where his father and family had taken up their residence in 1897. Mr. Snow has been successful from the start of his practice and now has a well established name and reputation in the local bar. On January, I911, came his first appointment as city attorney for a term of two years, and his efficient administration of that office brought about his reappointment in January, 1913, for another two year term. Judge Snow, as already mentioned, was one of the leading Democrats of Michigan. The son, however, has taken an equally strong stand in the Republican ranks, and is frequently engaged in the campaigns through his district. Mr. Snow is a member of the County Bar Association, is attorney and director for the Saginaw Building & Loan Association, and outside of his profession finds only occasional opportunities for diversion or other pursuits. Now and then he takes hunting trips along the shores of Lake Huron, usually accompanied by his wife and daughter. Mr. Snow was married August 23, 1905, to Miss Zella Berst, who was born in Leesburg, Indiana, a daughter of Henry L. and Mary (Wood) Berst. They have one daughter, Mary Snow. Mr. Snow is a Royal Arch Mason and also belongs to the Elks Lodge in Saginaw. ERNST WENZEL, a substantial business' man of Detroit, contracting in plumbing, heating appliances and electrical work at No. 636 McDougal avenue, was born in the state of Pommern, Germany, May 4, i866, and is a son of Charles and Theresa (Burau) Wenzel. His father, following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, adopted the calling of blacksmith, and was so engaged until the time of his death. Ten years later the mother brought her four sons and one daughter to the United States, locating at once in Detroit, her death occurring in 1911, at the age of eighty-one years, at the daughter's home on the East Side. Ernst Wenzel was but five years of age when his father died, and his educational training was mainly confined to the German schools. Mr. NWenzel was fourteen years of age when he started to, work in Detroit. and for a time was employed at the Casket Works and the shops of the Michigan Central Railroad. In I893 Mr. Wenzel joined his brother, Paul, who was engaged in the plumbing business, and while his work was largely of a clerical nature, Mr. Wenzel so thoroughly learned the business that he felt himself prepared to become the proprietor of an estab

Page  1901 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1901 lishment and in I901 became a member of the firm of Burau & Wenzel. This firm opened a store on Gratiot avenue and the partnership continued for about one year, when Mr. Wenzel went into business under his own name at Nos. 879-881 Gratiot avenue, there continuing ten years. Mr. Wenzel's present place of business, modern in every respect, was erected by him in 1912, at No. 636 McDougal avenue. Mr. Wenzel is a member of the Builders and Traders Exchange and of the Master Plumbers Association, of which latter he has been an official. His religious connection is with Salem congregation of the Lutheran church. Mr. Wenzel married Miss Mary Schroeder, a native of Detroit, who died January I, I904, having been the mother of eleven children, and the five living are: Ernst, Jr., a school teacher of Marysville, Ohio; Clara; Walter, who is engaged in business with his father; Helen and David at a Lutheran high school. Mr. Wenzel married for his second wife Miss Julia Wickley, a native of Switzerland, and they have had one daughter, Julia. CLARENCE MERRILL BROWNE. A practicing lawyer and member of the Saginaw bar since 1899, Clarence Merrill Browne, has gained a number of distinctive successes both in his profession and in the related field of politics. Clarence Merrill Browne was born in the city of Saginaw, March 26, I876, and is a son of William H. and Elizabeth (Wisewell) Browne. Both parents were born in the state of Maine, and were married during the epoch of the Civil war. They settled in Saginaw, in T866, arid the father was employed by lumbering firms. The parents are now living, a well known old couple in Saginaw. During the war William H. Browne enlisted from his native state in Company I of the Sixth Maine Infantry, and served until the end of the war. His service was in the army of the Potomac under General McClelland. Among the battles in which he participated were those of Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Fredericksburg, Warren Hill, Chancellorsville, Lookout Mountain, and Kenesaw Mountain. Though a Union soldier, he has always espoused the party of Jefferson and Jackson. Clarence Merrill Browne, the only son of his parents, was educated in the grammar and high schools of Saginaw, and took up the study of law in the office of Benton Hanchett, one of the ablest and most distinguished members of the Michigan Bar. He also studied in the offices of the late Judge Barron A. Snow. On October 13, 1899, Mr. Browne successfully stood the examination before the State Bar Association, and started in practice at Saginaw with Frank A. Rockwith as associate. In I901 came his appointment as assistant prosecuting attorney under John F. O'Keefe. His term of service in that capacity continued four years, and for two years he was assistant prosecutor with his former associate, F. A. Rockwith. In 1907 Mr. Browne was regularly elected to the office of prosecuting attorney of Saginaw county, and gave an administration of that office with a fidelity and efficiency seldom equalled up to January, I913. Mr. Browne is a member of the State and County Bar Association, and has served as vice president of the local association. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Royal Arch Masons, and with the Knights of Pythias. His politics is Republican, a fact which indicates his complete independence of family traditions. He has always taken an active part in state and county politics, and it is said that no man in the city of Saginaw is better posted on the political complexion of the various wards and precints of city and county. Although he has not distinguished himself as an orator, yet his thorough knowledge and quiet effective methods have been very beneficial to his party. He has always proved that success regularly atVol. IV-o10

Page  1902 1902 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN tends the candidate whose cause he takes up. He is a man whose course has been devoid of trickery or chicanery, and this fact alone has given him a large body of friends and supporters. He counts many men of prominence among his personal friends, men who hold the highest offices in state and national politics. On August 19, I903, Mr. Browne was united in marriage with Miss Rosamond F. Savage, who was born in Saginaw, a daughter of George W. Savage of this city. They are the parents of one child, Dorothy Jane Browne. Mr. Browne has his offices as a lawyer in the Hamilton Square Building in West Saginaw. ALONZO VINCENT. One of the best known men of Southwestern Michigan is Alonzo Vincent, of St. Joseph, Berrien county, who has been prominently identified with the affairs of St. Joseph and Benton Harbor and of the state for many years. As a hotel man he has won much more than local reputation, and his magnificent Hotel Whitcomb, and the baths in connection therewith, are known all over the West. Mr. Vincent is a native of New York state, born at Clayton, Jefferson county, January I6, I844, a son of Albert and Harriet (Slater) Vincent, also natives of the Empire state. The Vincent family came to Michigan in 1845 and located first at Marshall, where they resided for a period of three years, in I848 removing to Berrien county and settling on a farm in this then undeveloped region, where they contributed largely to the early development of the section and won success in agricultural lines. There they resided until I88o, in which year they removed to Benton Harbor, and in that city Albert Vincent passed away five years later. He was at all times known as a good, energetic and industrious business man, and as a public-spirited citizen took part in the movements which made for advancement and progress. Alonzo Vincent was an infant of one year when brought to Michigan by his parents. He was reared in the rural community of Berrien county, was brought up to the pursuits of the farm, and secured his education in the schools which the young yet growing locality furnished its youth. Mr. Vincent was but a lad of seventeen years when the Civil War swept the country, yet he was patriotic and zealous and in I86I was accepted as a soldier in Company D, Sixty-sixth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, which won widespread fame and glory as the "Western Sharpshooters." This regiment of sharpshooters was recruited from practically every western state, and after its organization, in order to give it a name and rank, a census of its members was taken, with the understanding that the state furnishing the largest number of men would have the honor of naming the organization. It therefore became the Sixty-sixth Illinois, that state furnishing the greatest number of its members, but throughout the war was known by its more suggestive and decorative title. Mr. Vincent saw service in some of the most important and hotly-contested battles of the great struggle between the North and the South, including the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh and Iuka, the siege and battle of Corinth, and many others of a smaller order. Later, he was transferred to the Fifteenth Army Corps, Gen. John A. Logan commanding, and was with his regiment on Sherman's famous March to the Sea, thence up through the Carolinas and Virginia and on to Washington, D. C., where he participated in the Grand Review before President Lincoln at the national capital. Mr. Vincent was mustered out of the service at Springfield, Illinois, in July, I865, with an excellent record as a soldier. He had left his home some four years before a mere boy, but he returned a full-grown man, with all of man's experience and hardened by numerous campaigns.

Page  1903 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1903 Returning to Berrien county, he engaged in the hotel business at Coloma and continued there until he removed to Benton Harbor and took charge of the American House. In July, 1890, Mr. Vincent became proprietor of the Hotel Benton, at Benton Harbor, which he succeeded in building up to what was considered one of the best commercial hostelries in Southwestern Michigan. In 1895 he disposed of his interests in that property and, removing to St. Joseph, took charge of the Hotel Whitcomb. Two years later he bought the property, and has since owned and conducted it. This hotel is one of the largest and most valuable ventures in the state, and has been so conducted by Mr. Vincent that it has grown and developed with each year, while the hotel mineral bath annex is one of the largest bath houses in Michigan and is doing a flourishing business. Mr. Vincent is an ideal host, fully conversant with'tlie needs, desires and privileges of his guests, and with a commendable desire to furnish them with all possible comforts. His long connection with hotel affairs has brought him a wide acquaintance, not only among hotel men, but among the traveling public in general, and there are few proprietors who have so many warm friends as he. Mr. Vincent has been prominent in republican politics in Berrien county and the state for many years, and while he has never sought public office, has been honored by the state. In I901 he was appointed warden of the Michigan State Prison at Jackson, a position filled with credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of the state until 1905, his term extending a little more than four years. Mr. Vincent is a member of George H. Thomas Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and of Lake Shore Lodge No. 298, F. & A. M. In I866 Mr. Vincent married Elmira E. Enos, a daughter of Joseph and Lucy (Young) Enos, of Bainbridge township, Berrien county, Michigan, where the family were pioneers. Two daughters have been born to this union, namely: Maude E., who married Clarence E. Blake, identified with the management of the Hotel Whitcomb, and has four children-Eugenia, Alonzo, Clara E. and Mary; and Gertrude Marie, who married W. S. Bastur, of Benton Harbor. JUDGE ARTHUR WILLIAM GANSCHOW. Judge of probate to Saginaw county, an office to which he was elected in I912, following ten years of service as judge of the recorder's court. Arthur William Ganschow is a lawyer by profession and a member of the Saginaw county bar since I899. He is in no sense a professional politician, and it was only at the solicitation of his friends that he consented to enter the political arena, and accept the burdens of public office. Arthur William Ganschow was born May 8, I878, a son of Frank R. and Augusta C. (Wurtzel) Ganschow. His parents were both born in Germany. Grandfather Frederick Ganschow, founder of the American branch of this family, came to Michigan and settled in Saginaw when his son Frank was a boy. Grandfather Frederick Ganschow was a pattern maker by trade, having learned the art in Germany, and for many years was in the employ of the F. Bartlett Foundry Company of Saginaw. Frank R. Ganschow on the other hand was a printer by trade, having learned that art in Cincinnati. In I862 he enlisted in the Union army, and went through the struggle from beginning to end. At the conclusion of hostilities he returned to Michigan and located in Saginaw for several years, where his name and enterprise were identified with the ownership and editorial management of the Saginawan, a publication which is still in existence. This enterprise was conducted with considerable success by the late Mr. Ganschow. He possessed a large following of friends, and his intellectual ability and personal character made him in every sense a

Page  1904 1904 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN leader. His wife died January 2, 1907. Of the eight children in the family, five are now deceased. Frank W. Ganschow is president of the Commercial and Society Printing Company, and a well known Saginaw business man; the only daughter is Augusta Ganschow, whose home is in Pasadena, California. Judge Ganschow grew up in Saginaw, attended the grammar and high schools, and in the class of I899 was graduated LL. B. from the University of Michigan. His first work was as an assistant in the office of James H. Davitt, a prominent Saginaw attorney. Six months later he left Saginaw, and spent a year and a half in the northwestern states, in Washington, Idaho and California, and was variously engaged in newspaper work, mining and other ventures. On his return to this city, in the summer of 1902, he opened law offices with A. Elwood Snow, under the firm name of Ganschow & Snow. He had been in Saginaw but a few months when the importunities of his friends induced him to enter politics, and he was a successful candidate in November, I902, for the office of judge of the Recorder's courts. His name was on the Democratic ticket, and he was again and again returned to the office until the fall of I912. In the meantime he had been nominated, and in November was elected, judge of probate for Saginaw County, and entered upon his official duties in that delicate and important office in January, I913. Judge Ganschow belongs to the Saginaw County Bar Association, has taken the different degrees in Masonry, and belongs to the Mystic Shrine, is past exalted ruler of the Elks, is past dictator of the local lodge of the Moose, and is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Arbeiter Society. In November, I902, occurred the marriage of Judge Ganschow to Miss Dorris F. Wells, who was born in Saginaw, a daughter of Julius and Adeline Wells, of Saginaw, Michigan. The chief characteristics of Judge Ganschow are a quick and brilliant mind, and active, alert disposition, and he is a witty and genial man whose personality has brought to him scores of staunch and lasting friendships. During his high school and college days his popularity was already well established, and he was president of his class in the senior year in high school. He was also distinguished in athletic sports, and is still an enthusiast for all clean outdoor sports. HOMER SLY. As secretary, treasurer and general manager of the Petoskey Crushed Stone Company, one of the most extensive concerns of its kind in Northern Michigan, Mr. Sly is known as an influential figure in industrial and civic affairs in Emmet county, and he has had the distinction of serving as mayor of the beautiful city which is now his home. He is a scion of a well known pioneer family of this section of the Wolverine State and though he is a native of Illinois he has been, save for a few years, a resident of. Michigan from childhood. Imbued with distinctive progressiveness and marked civic loyalty, he has been influential in the furtherance of enterprises and measures that have conserved the general welfare of Petoskey, and he is specially worthy of recognition in this publication. Mr. Sly was born at Lockport, Will county, Illinois, on the ist of October, 187I, and is a son of Eugene R. and Emma J. (Spicer) Sly, both of whom live at Bay Shore, Charlevoix county, Michigan. Eugene R. Sly has been a prominent figure in connection with the lime and stone industry at Bay Shore and Petoskey and is now living virtually retired, his home being at Bay Shore. Of the four children the eldest is Elliott M., who is now a resident of Kennewick, Yakima county, Washington; Homer, of this review, was the next in order of birth; Lora is the wife of Orville C. Atwood and they reside near Benton Harbor, Michigan;

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Page  1905 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1905 and Ruth is the wife of Eugene D. Pennell, a popular teacher in the schools of the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Eugene R. Sly has long been well and favorably known in the business and civic activities of Northern Michigan and he has the distinction of being a veteran of the Civil War, in which he served as a gallant soldier in an Illinois regiment. He participated in many engagements and was captured at the battle of Chickamauga, after which he was held as a prisoner of war for eighteen months. He is a stalwart Republican in politics and in the piping times of peace he has ever shown the same spirit of loyalty that impelled him to go forth in defense of the Union when the integrity of the nation was in jeopardy. To the public schools of Petoskey Homer Sly, former mayor of the city, is indebted for his early educational discipline, which was supplemented by a course in Ferris Institute, at Big Rapids. There he continued his studies until he had attained to his legal majority, in 1892, after which he devoted one year to the teaching of shorthand, in the city of Muskegon. He then spent two years in Chicago in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition, after which he went to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he assumed the position of stenographer in the offices of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, a post which he retained until I894, after which he was in charge of the repair department of the Westinghouse Machine Company, in the same city, until 1899. In these connections Mr. Sly gained experience which has proved of inestimable value to him in his independent career, and he ascribes much importance to the close association which he had with that master of detail, the great inventor, George Westinghouse, with whom he came in daily contact and whose memory he greatly honors. In 1899 Mr. Sly resigned his position at Pittsburgh and became secretary and manager of the Bay Shore Lime Company, at Bay Shore, Michigan, his father having been at the time the executive head of the company. At Bay Shore he continued to be closely and effectively identified with the management of the business of this corporation until 1905, when he accepted the position of manager of the Elk Cement & Lime Company, at Elk Rapids, Antrim county. He had much influence in the development of the business of this company, as he had not only intimate knowledge of the practical details of the enterprise but also an admirable administrative ability. In I908 Mr. Sly became actively identified with the Northern Lime Company, in which he is still a stockholder, and he is a valued executive officer of this corporation, which is one of the most important of its kind in this section of the State. In I9II Mr. Sly was tendered and accepted the position of secretary, treasurer and manager of the Petoskey Crushed Stone Company, and this incumbency he has since retained, his services having inured greatly to the benefit of the company, which has the distinction of being the largest shipper from Petoskey over the line of the Pere Marquette Railroad, its shipments averaging from thirty to forty thousand tons of crushed stone each month. As a Republican Mr. Sly has been zealous in the support of the party cause and has been influential in local politics. During I912-13 he served as mayor of Petoskey, having been elected by a gratifying majority and having given a characteristically effective and business-like administration of municipal affairs. He is one of the aggressive business men and progressive citizens of the fair city of which he was formerly chief executive, has secure place in popular confidence and esteem and is an active and valued member of the Petoskey Board of Trade. In the Masonic fraternity Mr. Sly has received the thirty-second degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, besides being affiliated

Page  1906 1906 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN with the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is past commander of the Petoskey camp of the Sons of Veterans, is present commander of the local commandery of the Knights Templars, and is affiliated also with the United Commercial Travelers. Both he and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church. On the 2Ist of December, I894, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Sly to Miss Edith Doe, daughter of Calvin WV. Doe, a prominent realestate dealer at Big Rapids, Michigan, of which city he was formerly mayor. Mr. and Mrs. Sly have one daughter, Helen, who was born in the year I902. JULIUS WILLIAM IPPEL. The leading dry goods merchant of Saginaw, West Side, twenty-five years ago was clerk in one of the Saginaw business houses at his present location. With his experience and on the strength of his large acquaintance, he started in business for himself in I89I. He had a well selected but small stock of goods, had only five assistants, and with courage and an exceptional degree of enterprise started out to make a success, in a field where statistics proved that ninety-five per cent of those who engage fail. Mr. Ippel long since counted himself as one of the successful five per cent, and has, along with the ability to manage a successful mercantile enterprise, taken a leading place among the citizens of his community. Julius William Ippel was born August 30, I86I, in West Bend, Wisconsin, a son of George and Agnes (Caste) Ippel. His father was born at Bingen, Germany, and Switzerland is the native place of his mother. The father came to the United States unmarried, located in West Bend, Wisconsin, where his marriage took place, and he was there engaged in merchandising. It was a pioneer period when he settled there and the Indians were still troublesome. George Ippel raised a company from among the settlers to act as home guards and protect the community from Indian raids. He was captain of that company, and as a result of that experience, when the Civil war came on, he enlisted and became first lieutenant of a Wisconsin company, that joined the troops under General Hooker, and served until his honorable discharge in I865. On returning from his military experience he removed his family to Saginaw, where he engaged in the grocery trade, until his death in I868. His death was the direct result of the exposure and hardships encountered.during the strenuous days of the early sixties. His wife survived him a number of years. He was active in Odd Fellowship, and also in the Grand Army of the Republic. Of the five children three are now deceased, and the sister of Julius W. is Anna, wife of Andrew Wirth, and their residence is in the old home on.Fayette Street, between Cleveland and Monroe Streets in Saginaw, West Side. Julius W. Ippel as a boy grew up in Saginaw, where the family located when he was four years of age. His education was chiefly from the grammar and high schools, and also from a business college. At the age of seventeen he started out for himself. His first position was as a minor clerk' in the Bauman Dry Goods Store, which at that time was the biggest store in Saginaw. Thirteen years with the Bauman Store gave him an experience covering practically every detail of the dry goods trade, and in that firm he had advanced from a minor position and office work, until for the last eight years he was manager and buyer for the Bauman Store. In October, I89I, Mr. Ippel having left the Bauman store, made a modest start on his own account. His first stock of goods was opened at 412 Court Street. The large acquaintance he had made while in the Bauman employ, quickly found him out, and he was soon enjoying a large patronage at his new location. Several years later it

Page  1907 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1907 became necessary to increase his space, owing to the expansion of his business, and just across the street he leased a double store, formerly occupied by the Saginaw Dry Goods & Carpet Company. Those quarters furnished space for the business for six years, and in I905 he secured the large building at the corner of Michigan and Court Street, and since that time the Ippel Store has ranked as foremost in its line in Saginaw, West Side. Some forty or more persons are employed in the different departments. That number, when contrasted with the five employees who assisted him at the beginning, furnishes a graphic contrast as an estimate of his rapid progress. His store has sixteen thousand, eight hundred square feet of floor space, more than half of the first or ground floor space being devoted to retail trade. Besides the large dry goods store, Mr. Ippel operates what is known as the Ippels Five and Ten Stores Company, a very successful enterprise of itself. Mr. Ippel is a man of pleasing and genial nature, and well deserves the high esteem and confidence paid him by the entire community. Mr. Ippel is a director of the Saginaw Hotel Company, operating the Hotel Fordney, built and financed by West Side merchants. He has taken thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite Masonry, and is a member of St. Bernard Commandery and Elf Khurafeh Shrine. He is a life member of the Elks and was twice elected exalted ruler of his lodge. He is a past chancellor in the Knights of Pythias, and for the past several years has been president of the Teutonia Society, an organization with whose success he has been very closely identified, and for which as president he took the lead in securing the splendid quarters now occupied by the society in Saginaw. Mr. Ippel is also a member of the Arbeiter Verein, and the Saginaw Canoe Club. His marriage on April 2I, i891, gave him as a wife, Miss Anna Ringler, who was born in Saginaw, a daughter of Eugene Ringler, who is now ninety years of age and lives in Saginaw, on the West Side. To their marriage were born three sons, as follows: Eugene William Ippel, aged twenty-one, a graduate of the Arthur Hill High School; Julius A., aged nineteen, also a graduate of the Arthur Hill High School, and both now engaged with their father in the dry goods business; and Arthur G., aged seventeen, a student in the Arthur Hill High School. Aside from his pleasant home at 311 South Webster Street, Mr. Ippel owns and enjoys a summer cottage at Point Lookout, Lake Huron, where he and his family enjoy a large portion of the summer season. Mr. Ippel took considerable time in planning and upbuilding the well known summer resort of Point Lookout, which is located sixty miles from Saginaw. He is one of a company that bought a tract of land on the point, and induced many of his friends to build cottages, the colony being now very successful. AUSTIN FREDERICK BURDICK, A. B., M. D. The medical profession of Michigan is worthily and capably represented at Lansing by Dr. Austin Frederick Burdick, whose comprehensive training, inherent ability and high achievements have placed him in a foremost position among the men of his honored calling in this state. Doctor Burdick is a native son of Lansing, born March 23, I878, and is descended from two Michigan pioneer families. His father, Ichabod Burdick, was born at Allen's Prairie, Michigan, November 15, 1833, a son of Ambrose S. Burdick, a native of New York state, born February ), 1807. The grandfather came to Michigan during pioneer days. taking up government land, but in later life removed to Lansing. His wife, Margaret G., whom he married in New York, was born in the Empire state, December I9, i8o8. The mother of Doctor Burdick bore the maiden name of Mary Yeiter,

Page  1908 1908 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and was born in Ohio, February 17, I840, a daughter of Frederick and Elizabeth (Brock) Yeiter, natives of Germany, the former born July I, I81I, and the latter May 5, i817. They were married in the United States, were early settlers of Ohio, and came to Lansing in about the year I850. The parents of Doctor Burdick were married at Lansing, March 26, 1857, and seven years ago celebrated their fiftieth, or Golden, anniversary, and both are still living and enjoying the best of physical health and unimpaired mental faculties. The father learned the furniture maker's trade in his youth, and was engaged at this occupation until the outbreak of the Civil 'War, at which time he enlisted in Company, A, Twentieth Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry. He saw some very active service and.at one time was taken prisoner by the enemy and confined for five months in Salsbury Prison. At the close of hostilities Mr. Burdick returned to the peaceful pursuits of his trade, was very successful in his business ventures, and of late years has concentrated his energies upon looking after his property interests. Dr. Austin F. Burdick secured his early education in the Lansing public schools, and was graduated from the high school here in 1896. He was president of his class in both sophomore and senior years, and in his junior year was chairman of the Junior Exhibition Committee, which committee was the founder of the plan to hold the junior exhibition in the opera house, and which has since become an annual event; of much importance to the students and interest to the general public. After leaving high school Doctor Burdick spent one year in the drug store of his brother-in-law, Dr. Turner, at Webberville, Michigan, but in 1897 resumed his studies as a student in the University of Michigan, taking the full course of six years in one year less than that time, and was graduated with the class of I9OI, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He was graduated from the medical department of the same school with the class of 1902, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and at once entered practice at Webberville, there spending one year. Following this he was located at Perry, Michigan, forthree months, and next went to Beloit, Wisconsin, where he was engagedin a special practice in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, until May, 1912, when he returned to his old home at Lansing. Here he has firmly established himself in his profession as a specialist. Doctor Burdick has never ceased to be a close and assiduous student. He has taken post-graduate work at the New York City Eye and Ear Infirmary, at the Chicago Polyclinic, at the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital and at the Central London Nose and Throat Hospital, London, England. At this writing (June 20, I914), he is preparing to attend the annual meeting of the American Medical Association, at Atlantic City, New Jersey, following which he will go abroad to London, England, to pass the balance of the summer at the two institutions above named. It is his intention also to attend the clinical congress of North American, Surgeons, to be held in London. Doctor Burdick is a member of the Ingham County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. His fraternal connections include membership in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On June Io, 1903, Doctor Burdick married Jessie Stabler, who was born in Clinton county, Michigan, daughter of Charles and Carrie (Goodrich) Stabler, and they have two children: Arlene Adell and Elgeva June, aged respectively, nine and four years. HAMILTON WATSON. Outside of the largest cities, there exist few exclusive china and glassware establishments. This is due to the fact that "Oueensware" is one of the most available stocks to be included in

Page  1909 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1909 a department store, and china and glass dealers everywhere have to contend against the keen competition of these general stores. For this reason, where a successful individual business of this kind is found, its very existence and prosperity are a splendid tribute to the energy and commercial judgment of its proprietor. One such concern, and one of the largest in Michigan, is the IH. Wiatson & Company, wholesale and retail dealers in china and glassware, at Saginaw. The president is Hamilton Watson, who has been identified with this line of trade for more than a quarter of a century. The company is the largest importers and dealers in the state. The company was incorporated under its present form in 1904. In their storerooms at Saginaw more than twelve thousand square feet are devoted to the stock, and show rooms, besides large warehouses, for the surplus and wholesale goods. Steady employment is afforded to fifteen or more people, and, as already stated, it is the only exclusive china and glass retail store in Saginaw. Mr. Watson was born in Port Huron, Michigan. May 24, 1856, a son of George and Ann (Coleman) Watson, both parents natives of Ireland, who came to Michigan when children with their respective parents, and settled in the Saginaw Valley during the decade of the fifties, when all this section of Michigan was new and wild, and where the father as a farmer endured all the hardships of pioneering. There were four children, of whom Hamilton was the oldest, the others being: George and James, both prominent farmers of Saginaw county, and Thomas Watson, junior member of the firm of Watson Company. Hamilton Watson attended the grammar and high schools of Saginaw. When sixteen years of age the firm of Aiken & Company, predecessors of the present house of H. Watson & Company, took him in as clerk in their establishment. In that house he had the rigid training which fitted him for the larger responsibilities of independent business management, and he continued as one of the trusted assistants of Aiken & Company until 1878. The business afterwards was reorganized and became known as Daudt, Watson & Company, Mr. Watson having bought an equal interest in the house. This firm continued its successful career until the last change was made in I904, when Mr. Daudt sold his interest to the Watson brothers. The retail establishment is located at 420-422 Genesee Street. That store would be a credit to any city in the country, and is one of the distinctive landmarks of the shopping district of Saginaw. Mr. Watson is a Democrat, is affiliated with Masonic circles, and the Knights of Pythias, and has long taken an active part in the Presbyterian church of Warren Avenue, his wife being also a member of the denomination. In 1892 Mr. Watson married Miss Alta Trowbridge, who was born in New York State, a daughter of Mortimer Trowbridge. Mr. and Mrs. Watson take a prominent part in the social life of Saginaw. Mrs. Watson, who is of English ancestry, traces her genealogy back to the sixteenth century. She is one of the cultured women of Saginaw, and takes an active part in its social and intellectual life. FRANK FOSTER ROGERS, one of the leading civil engineers of Michigan and the present state highway commissioner, is widely known in the ranks of his calling, but has been particularly brought into public favor by his fine work in connection with the organization and development of the highway department of the state. Mr. Rogers is a native of Michigan and is descended from one of the pioneer families which was found here in the territorial days. This branch of the Rogers family runs directly back to the Mayflower, on which historic vessel came Thomas Rogers, who

Page  1910 1910 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN was the immigrant by this name, who settled in the Massachusetts colony. The great-grandfather of Frank F. Rogers was Elkaney Rogers, of the fifth generation from the original ancestor, and his son, Obediah Rogers, a native of Massachusetts, brought the family to Michigan in I832, five years before Michigan was admitted to the Union as a state. The grandfather took up government land, paying a dollar and a quarter an acre, and this farm, which is still in the family, is now located in Raisin township, Lenawee county. Samuel R. Rogers, the father of Frank Foster Rogers, was born in Massachusetts in I830, and was in his second year when brought to Michigan. Succeeding to the farm of which his father had been the purchaser, his life was passed in the pursuits of agriculture, and his death occurred after a long, successful and honorable career, in I898. The mother of our subject was Charlotte Foster, who was born in New York, and she died in I864. One of her brothers went from New York to Kansas at an early day, there became a prominent lawyer, and finally was appointed by President Grant as United States district judge. Frank Foster Rogers was born on the old family homestead in Lenawee county, Michigan, August 30, 1858. Reared on the home farm, his education was secured in the district schools and the Raisin Valley Seminary, following which he became a student in the Michigan Agricultural College, from which institution he received the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1883 and later that of Civil Engineer. In the year of his graduation he located at Marlette, Sanilac county, and engaged in the practice of his profession, subsequently serving two years in the office of county surveyor. His reputation having extended beyond the limits of that community, in 1890 Mr. Rogers went to Port Huron and in the following year was appointed city engineer of that city, an office which he held for eight consecutive years or until his private practice had reached such proportions that he was compelled to give all his time and attention to it. This occupied his energies during the following six years, and at the end of that time, with the creation of the department of state highways in 1905, he was appointed deputy commissioner and assisted in organizing the department. Mr. Rogers continued as deputy until I913, in which year he was elected commissioner of the department for a term of four years. He has been a potent force in the development of the department from its inception, when its force embodied the commissioner, deputy and stenographer, to the present, when forty employes, in addition to the commissioners and deputies, are necessary to manage its affairs. During his administration of one year the department has grown in usefulness and importance until it is one of the largest and most efficient branches of the state government. Mr. Rogers is a member and a former president of the Michigan Engineering Society and of the American Road Builders Association. His fraternal connections are with the Masons, the Knights of the Maccabees and the Woodmen, and in his political views he is a Republican. Mr. Rogers married Miss Ada Lee, of Marlette, Michigan, daughter of the Rev. S. P. Lee, a Methodist minister, and they have the following four children: Mabel, who was graduated from the Michigan Agricultural College, class of I9IO, and is now a teacher of domestic science at Alma; Clara, who graduated from the same institution in the class of I914, and is now teaching at Owosso, Michigan; Fannie, who graduated from the Lansing high school, class of 1914, and is now attending the Michigan Agricultural College; and Frederick, who is attending the Lansing high school. ALBERT FRANCIS COSENDAI. The Cosendai Dye Works, established at Saginaw in I877, is both the oldest and largest establishment of the

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Page  1911 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1911 kind in the Saginaw Valley. The prosperity of this concern is based upon "good service,"-ability to do good work having been the primary capital with which the business was launched a generation ago, and the same quality having run like a strong thread through all the subsequent career of the institution, giving it both continuity and prosperity. Albert Francis Cosendai, who succeeded his father, now deceased, in the management of this concern, was born in Saginaw August 4, I88o, the son of John Francis and Emma Cosendai. The parents were both natives of Switzerland, and the father came to Saginaw in I875. At that time his entire possession comprised no cash capital, but only a thorough knowledge and proficiency in the dyeing trade, a business he had learned in all its details in his native land. He was an expert, so much so, that he might be called an artist, and was certainly an authority in all the departments of dyeing. In a little room, a portion of his dwelling, in a very modest way, he began plying his industry, doing all his work alone at first, and gradually established himself in a very successful manner. In later years he built a modern factory and dye plant, and at his death left a large and prosperous business concern, the good will of which alone was worth a considerable sum. The death of the senior Cosendai was the result of an explosion in the dye works. At that time he had in his employ twenty or more people, that number representing the expansion of the business since he started alone in a small shop. Albert F. Cosendai, after getting a good schooling, entered his father's employ, and learned the art of dyeing in every phase. Since his father's death he has assumed command of the splendid establishment, and has enlarged it and expanded its activities in various ways. His progressive ideas have enabled him to establish branch houses in many of the more prominent centers of northeastern Michigan, and these all contribute to the prosperity of the Central concern. At the present time more than sixty people find steady and remunerative employment in the works. Mr. Cosendai is an Independent in politics, and is strictly a home man, his only social and fraternal relations being with the Masonic Order, in which he has taken a Knight Templar and Shriner degree. Louis J. PELLETIER, M. D. In composing a brief sketch of the career of one who has impressed himself by his gifts and talents upon the passing generation, one is pleased to find the all too rare union of high philanthropic ends with such practical qualities as have made him a successful practitioner of medicine and surgery. However rare may be such a combination of qualities, that they are not altogether incompatible is illustrated in the life of Dr. Louis J. Pelletier, of Ludington. As a resident of this city for more than a quarter of a century, he has been devoted to the best interests of his beloved calling, in which he has not alone attained distinction as a man of broad learning and high attainments, but as a sympathizer with the poor and unfortunate, whose friend he has ever been. Doctor Pelletier was born in Canada, May I9, I859, and is a son of John Baptiste and Adele Gagnon Pelletier. The father, born in Province of Quebec in 183I, there engaged in farming, becoming through his energy, thrift and perseverance the owner of a large and valuable property. He died in I909, in the faith of the Catholic church, of which he and Mrs. Pelletier were lifelong members. Mr. Pelletier was a conservative in politics. Of his eight children, Louis J. was the third in order of birth. Louis J. Pelletier attended a classical college at Rimouski for ten years, and was graduated therefrom with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, following which he entered Laval University, Canada, and in

Page  1912 1912 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1888 received his medical degree. He began practice at Ludington in 1889, and this has continued to be the scene of his labors and successes, his large practice being confined principally to this city. He has never ceased being a student, for each two or three years he has taken a postgraduate course, and at various times has attended colleges in Iondon, Paris, New York, Chicago and Vienna, and whenever he can find the spare time he devotes it to study, research and investigation. Doctor Pelletier is widely known for his work among the poor, to whom he gives his services freely. It is his belief that the medical profession is for mankind and that its greatest problem is to secure honest and faithful performance of professional obligation; also that physicians are a body of organized men laboring for the good of humanity. He has not merely stated these as his opinions, but has practically gone forth to illustrate that he believes in them and is willing to prove his assertions practically. Doctor Pelletier was married in 1893 to Mrs. Dr. Shortz, widow of a former prominent physician of Ludington, who assists him greatly in his medical, as well as his philanthropical work. They are consistent members of the Catholic church, and aside from the organizations of his profession, Doctor Pelletier belongs to the Knights of Columbus. He is a Republican, but has found no time to engage in politics, preferring to devote his entire attention to his calling. WILLIAM JOHN MCCRON. Proprietor of the Saginaw Publishing and Printing Company, Mr. McCron has had forty years' active experience in the printing and publishing business, began his apprenticeship when a boy in London, Ontario, was an expert at the trade of printer in the old days before the introduction of such modern machinery as linotypes, duplex presses and other facilities, and has succeeded because he has never stood still, has always been ready to adopt modern devices and adapt himself to them, and by careful management and shrewd control of his resources, has acquired the sole ownership of a business hardly second to any of its kind in northeast Michigan. William John McCron was born in Ontario county, Ontario, March 24, 1856, a son of John and Lydia (Grant) McCron. Both parents were natives of Scotland. The father came to Ontario when a young unmarried man, and having been thoroughly trained to the trade of machinist, secured the position of master mechanic with the Grand Trunk Railroad. That was his position for a period of thirty years, during which time his home was in London, and he still resides in that city surrounded by many friends and enjoying the comforts of a long and prosperous career, being now ninety years of age. His wife is deceased. The elder McCron, during his early life in Scotland, was active in the Liberal party, and now takes an active part in the Reform party of Ontario. There were ten children, and William J. was the third. Educated in the grammar and high schools of London, at the age of seventeen, he entered a printing shop and began learning the trade. His employment for a number of years was in the office of the London Advertiser, and for a total period of twenty years he was connected with that firm, for nine years holding the position of assistant manager. Mr. McCron came to Saginaw in I89I to accept the place of manager for the Saginaw Printing and Publishing Company. He was elected treasurer of the company, and continued in that office during the life of the company. At the beginning there were twenty-two stockholders in the concern, but all of these have since sold their stock to Mr. McCron, who is now sole proprietor of the flourishing business. During his early years in connection with the Saginaw Company, Mr. McCron had only four

Page  1913 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1913 workmen under his supervision, but under his energetic administration, the business has increased many fold, and he now employs eighteen or more persons about the various departments of the business. The plant occupies forty-five hundred feet of floor space, and the establishment is equipped with the latest machinery for rapid and efficient press work, with a large and varied assortment of material for the job work, and linotypes also take care of a large mass of general composition. The business is largely devoted to the manufacture of blank books, linotype composition, general book publishing and job printing of the finer kind. Mr. McCron is one of the leaders in the Washington Avenue Presbyterian church of Saginaw, being choir leader and an elder in the church. He is a prominent Mason, belongs to the Consistory, has taken thirtytwo degrees, and also to the Shrine. His other fraternal affiliations are with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is also prominent in the St. Andrew Scottish Society, having served as president during I893-97. Mr. McCron is a Republican in politics, and has often taken an active part in campaigns, as member of committees, and a vigorous party worker. His pleasant home is located at 602 South Warren Street. REUBEN GOODRICH. The Goodrich family was founded in Michigan in the year preceding the admission of the State to the Union, and in the first and all succeeding generations in this commonwealth those who have borne the name have stood exponent of the best in character and achievement. Members of this old and honored family have played a large part in the development and upbuilding of the Wolverine State, and in earlier generations the same fine spirit was exemplified in older settled sections of our great republic, for the family name has been identified with the annals of American history since the middle of the seventeenth century. Hon. Reuben Goodrich was a man who left a benignant and enduring impression upon the history of Michigan, and consistency demands that in this publication be entered a brief tribute to his memory and a review of his career, the following record being gained largely from an appreciative newspaper article that was published at the time of his death, which occurred at his home, on Elmwood avenue, in Traverse City, on Sunday afternoon, January 8, I899, when he was in his eightieth year. From an excellent genealogical record of the Goodrich family, prepared by S. V. Talcott, it is shown that the lineage traces back in America to John and Ensign William Goodrich, brothers who came from Bury St. Edmond's, England, and who, it is supposed, first settled at Watertown, Massachusetts, whence removal was made to Wethersfield, Connecticut, where John held lands in I644 and Will held lands in I666, as shown in the archives of that State. There is a tradition that John and William were orphans and came to this country with their mother's brother, William Stillman, this tradition also predicating that they settled first in the New Haven colony. Within the limitations of a sketch of this order it is, of course, impossible to enter data concerninge the various generations of the family, but there are salient points that must be touched upon in noting the family association with Michigan history. Reuben Goodrich was born in Clarence, Erie county, New York, on the 28th of June, I8I9. He came of New England lineage, his English ancestors having settled in Massachusetts and Connecticut prior to I650. In England the authentic records of the family extend back for nearly 9oo years, many members of the family having been prominent in English history. Goodrich Castle, the old feudal home of the Goodrich race, still exists, though but a gray and ancient ruin, in the county of Hereford, near the border of Wales. Its origin may be traced to the times of the Norman conquest, when the Saxon Goodriches were a numerous and

Page  1914 1914 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN influential family who, loyal to England and England's king, fought long and bravely for a hopeless cause and who, when the Norman conquest was effected, suffered forfeiture and confiscation of lands and home. As for Castle Goodrich itself, it is authentically told that in 1204 it was given by King John to William Earl Marshall to hold, and for the next 400 years was held by a long line of nobility. In the civil war between Charles I and parliament, in I642, its possession was hotly contested by rival factions, and in I647 it was ordered that "Goodrich Castle be totally disgarrisoned and abandoned," which order was executed, and the castle left in ruins, as they now appear, unchanged save through the ravages of time and decay. In I802 the father of Reuben Goodrich married and settled in what was then the western wilderness of central New York, his birth having occurred in Genesee county, that State. In 1835 his father and brothers purchased a tract of more than I,IOO acres of land in Genesee county, Michigan, and as pioneers they established their homes in the untrammeled wilderness of a territory that was soon thereafter to attain to the dignity of Statehood. The early development of Genesee county owed much to this family of six stalwart sons, and the New England father and mother endured all the hardships of the pioneer life of those early days. In 1845 Reuben and his elder brother, Enos, founded the village of Goodrich and built up a large mercantile and milling business. The name of the Goodrich Brothers was known throughout all that section of the country and their efforts had much to do with shaping its whole future. In an historical sketch written by Enos Goodrich and read at the family reunion held in May, I886, are found many interesting data, and from the article are taken the following statements, with but slight paraphrase: "I will point to the general fact that the natural home of the Goodrichs is on the farm. Generally they have not shrunk from labor, however arduous. One peculiarity of the family, wherever found, is that they are home-makers. Rarely if ever was a descendant of Levi H. Goodrich known to live even for a single day in a rented house. Turn one of them loose in the deepest recesses of the wilderness, come back in three years, and what do you find? No ruined and deserted cabin, with rough boards over the shattered windows and with pathways choked with weeds higher than the door caps, but a home surrounded with the comforts of life. Their larders and cellars and granaries are stored with the necessities and comforts of life; their cattle are grazing in the valleys; and their harvest fields are waving on the hillsides. 'Home, sweet home' is a sentiment which they appreciate for themselves and transmit to their offspring. It is not strange that their isolated position, their selfreliance and their communion with nature begot an original way of thinking and an independence of spirit which so emphatically constitutes and dignifies the man. * * * Some of us have digressed from the pursuits of the farm long enough to build and operate mills and to take a hand in the affairs of the p6litical world. One flouring mill and five saw mills have owed their existence to the efforts of my brother Reuben and myself. In remembering these enterprises we have this consolation today,-that if they have not made us very rich they have materially assisted in the upbuilding and improvement of the country. * * Time rolled on, the country grew; slowly but steadily did the wilderness become a fruitful field, and the earth, in response to the pioneers' toil, began to give up her treasures with a bounteous hand. Long before the era of railroad construction in our section of Michigan Reuben and I had combined our limited means, our energies and our credits, and had built the Goodrich flouring mill. Reuben was the youngest of the six brothers and was thus about seventeen years of age at the time of the

Page  1915 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1915 family removal to the Territory of Michigan. Our milling enterprise was a gigantic undertaking for two such chaps as Reuben and myself, and nothing but the rashness of youth could have tolerated such a scheme. How we toiled in mill and store, on farm and in workshop, I have not time to tell. How we managed to establish a credit which was 'A No. I' from Detroit to New York and Boston, is a problem which I can not solve today. But when upon our books were found the names of thousands of customers whose wants we were making superhuman efforts to supply, there came an evil day, a day never to be forgotten in the commercial history of our country. It was the crisis of I857. Strong men bowed before the storm and old established houses crumbled before its breath. The earnings of twenty years of such toil of body and mind as no man can duplicate in a lifetime, were ruthlessly and irretrievably swept away. It was thus that the firm of E. & R. Goodrich was dissolved, and consigned Reuben to Grand Traverse and me to the wilds of Tuscola county." In 1845 Enos and Reuben Goodrich founded the village of Goodrich, Genesee county, as previously stated, and they were the most influential citizens and business men of the town up to the time of the financial panic mentioned. In 1854 Reuben Goodrich was elected a member of the State senate, in which he served, with marked efficiency, for two years, as contemporary of such well known citizens as Austin Blair, George Jerome and 0. D. Conger. The next two years he represented the First district of Genesee county in the house of representatives, incidentally taking an active part in electing Zachariah Chandler to his first term in the United States senate. In public affairs Mr. Goodrich exercised the same energy and discrimination that characterized his supervision of his own affairs. In those early days he had a great share in the battle over the disposal of the State swamp lands and aided largely in winning the victory for the new counties, as against the older settled counties in the southern part of the State. In the organization of new townships, the establishment of State roads, the disposal of the great grants of land which Congress had made to the State for railroad purposes, Mr. Goodrich was always on the side of the frontier settlers. For twelve years Mr. Goodrich held the office of postmaster at Goodrich, besides being called to many local offices of.public trust. In I860 he removed with his family to Traverse City, and the following year he was appointed, by President Lincoln, receiver of the United States land office, but later was removed by President Johnson, for political reasons. Later he was reappointed, by President Grant, and he served in this office for a total of nine years. He was one of the three members of the State highway commission selected by the governor to prepare an amendment to the Michigan State constitution providing for a county road system, this amendment being adopted by the State legislature and also by popular vote at the State election in 1893. For twenty-three years Mr. Goodrich was highway commissioner of the township of Traverse; he served long and effectively as a member of the school board and was continuously retained as a member of the village council of Traverse City, as was he of the council after the incorporation as a city. In the later years of his life he gave his attention largely to the real estate business and lumbering, and he platted several additions to Traverse City. Advancing years did not seem to dull his business capacities, and he was active in the supervision of his multitudinous affairs until his final illness, which was of about four weeks' duration. The entire community manifested a deep sense of personal loss and bereavement when this noble and venerable citizen passed from the stage of life's mortal endeavors,

Page  1916 1916 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and he left to the world the priceless heritage of a good name as well as a record of worthy achievement and kindly deeds. On New Year's day of the year I857 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Goodrich to Miss Elizabeth J. Eastman, who likewise represented fine old New England stock and who proved his devoted companion and helpmeet for nearly half a century, the gracious bonds being severed only when the husband had been called to the life eternal. Of this union were born four children, two of whom are living, the loving mother having continued to reside in Traverse City until her death. The surviving children are: Clara E., who is the wife of Charles B. Atwood, a prominent insurance man of Los Angeles, California; and Frank R., who resides in Traverse City, and who is individually mentioned on other pages of this work. Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Atwood have two children,-Clarence, who was graduated in Leland Stanford, Jr., University and also in the law school of Yale University, he being now a representative member of the bar of San Francisco, California; and Mary Emily, who is the wife of Earl Josef Brank, an architect by profession and a resident of Monrovia, California. Mary E. Goodrich, younger daughter of Reuben and Elizabeth J. Goodrich, was for many years an attache of the office of the auditor general of Michigan, in the city of Lansing, and her death resulted from an attack of pneumonia. Charles E. Goodrich was a resident of Kansas City, Missouri, and connected with the United States mail service at the time of his death. FRANK R. GOODRICH. A scion of a family whose name has been prominently and worthily linked with the history of Michigan since the territorial days, Frank R. Goodrich is one of the representative citizens of Traverse City and is a son of the late Hon. Reuben Goodrich, to whom a memoir is dedicated on other pages of this publication, so that further review of the family history is not demanded at this juncture. Frank R. Goodrich was born at Goodrich, Genesee county, Michigan, a town of which his father was one of the founders, and the date of his nativity was August I6, 1857, so that he was about three years of age at the time of the family removal to Traverse City. He has had a wide and varied experience in connection with the industrial and civic development of this section of the State, and achieved special prowess and reputation in connection with his activities as a lumberman, his venerable uncle, the late Enos Goodrich, having uttered the following pertinent statement at a noteworthy family reunion held in I885: "Did space permit the insertion of the rough-and-tumble experiences of Frank Goodrich in Muskegon log driving and lumber-camp life, the recital would rival in interest the adventures of Daniel Boone, of Kentucky, or David Crockett on the head of the Cumberland." Reared under the conditions that obtained at the height of the great lumber industry of Northern Michigan, Mr. Goodrich naturally became inspired with the spirit that was much in evidence, and preferred life in the woods to the prosecution of a collegiate course, his early educational training having been obtained in the primitive schools of the pioneer days in Grand Traverse county, and this having been supplemented by a course in the Benzonia Business College, at Benzonia, Benzie county. He initiated his independent career in the sturdy and hazardous role of a "lumber jack," and he continued to be'identified with the operations of the great logging camps of Northern Michigan until the supply of timber had been virtually exhausted and the stirring labors and incidents of the early days had become but memories. Of fine physique and great muscular power, matured through his herculean labors in connection with lumbering operations, Mr. Goodrich was given charge of the work of a corps of forty men in one of his

Page  1917 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1917 father's lumber camps when he was but eighteen years of age. At the age of twenty-one he was the "walking boss" of a force of more than one hundred and fifty men, in the employ of the Corning Canal Company, in the service of which corporation he continued for eleven years, within which period he had charge of the breaking of roadways and gained familiarity with all other details of the logging industry and the manufacturing of lumber. It may consistently be said that he blazed a trail across and up and down the great lumber forests of Northern Michigan, and he incidentally gained reputation as one of the ablest managers of large forces of men that the lumber industry could claim in the days of its greatest activities in this section of the State. He commanded the rough but sincere affection of his men, maintained strict discipline but was always considerate and generous, with deep appreciation of the intrinsic worth of character often concealed under coarse exteriors, and his splendid physical powers, coupled with courage and daring, made him a favorite in the fastnesses of the lumber camps and the perils of the river drives of logs. Only those who have had similar experience can fully understand the 'finesse and resourcefulness demanded in the directing of the labors of men of the staunch type of the old-time lumber camps. Upon the death of his distinguished and honored father, in I899, Mr. Goodrich became the administrator of the large family estate, a part of which is the fine Goodrich farm, a considerable portion of which is now within the city limits of Traverse City. He has shown much ability in his real estate operations, and, handling the property of his father's estate, he has wielded potent influence in the development and upbuilding of the western part of Traverse City, where he has platted several subdivisions and successfully carried forward the constructive enterprise initiated by his father. For four years Mr. Goodrich served as mayor pro tem of Traverse City, and he has also given effective service as a member of the municipal board of public works, the while showing a loyal interest in all that touches the civic and material welfare of the city and county that have so long represented his home and in which his circle of friends is coincident with that of his acquaintances. The political proclivities of Mr. Goodrich are indicated by the allegiance which he accords to the Republican party, and in the Masonic fraternity he has received the Knights Templar degree, besides being affiliated with the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He attends and gives generous support to the Congregational church, of which his wife is a devoted member, besides which she is a member of the Ladies' Library Club, past matron of the local chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star, which she has represented in the grand chapter of the State, and is a leader in the best 'social activities of her home city. Mr. Goodrich is affiliated also with the local lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and with the lodge and uniformed rank of the Knights of Pythias. On the I3th of February, I902, Mr. Goodrich wedded, at Boyne Falls, Charlevoix county, Miss Myrtie Thompson, who was born at Millington, Tuscola county, and who is a daughter of George C. and Carrie (Van Wormer) Thompson. Her father, who is now deceased, served as postmaster at Millington, under the administration of President Cleveland, and for eight years was a member of the board of supervisors of Tuscola county, where he was a citizen of prominence and influence. He was a Knight Templar Mason. Mrs. Thompson, who is also deceased, was a representative of one of the leading pioneer families'of Tuscola county. Vol. IV-11

Page  1918 1918 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN AUGUST CELESTINE MELZE. Many years ago Mr. Melze was in the real estate business. He and Charles V. Johnson owned the tract of land on which the town of Merrill was platted by them, and jointly they supervised all the work connected with the clearing out of the streets, and he was also a merchant in that community. For twenty years Mr. Melze has been prominently identified with the larger mercantile enterprise of the city.of Saginaw, and is now at the head of the Melze-Alderton Shoe Company, wholesale jobbers in shoes and rubbers, and one of the largest wholesale shoe companies in the state of Michigan. August Celestine Melze was born in Stark county, Ohio, six miles from President McKinley's home in Canton. The date of his birth was October 12, I851. His parents, Pierre and Louise (Prenot) Melze, were natives of France, and early in the forties settled in Stark county, Ohio. The father was a cooper by trade, manufactured barrels and did an extensive business in that line at Louisville, in Stark county, Ohio. In S866 he brought the family to Michigan, locating near St. Johns, but one year later moved to Chesaning, Michigan, where he and his son, August, worked in a hoop factory. There the father continued until his retirement, and the last years of his life were spent at ease and in comfort in the village of Merrill, where he passed away when eighty-one years of age. His wife also ended her days in Merrill, and both lie interred in the cemetery at Hemlock. There were four children, the other three being mentioned as follows: Emil Melze, who went to the front as a Union soldier, was lieutenant of a company, and received wounds in the battle of Gettysburg that caused his death four days later; Dr. Louis Melze, for some years practiced medicine in Saginaw, later reached a prominent place in his profession in Chicago, where he died in I906, after a long illness; Elise is the wife of Peter L. Perkins of Merrill. August C. Melze received his early training in the parochial Catholic schools of Stark county, Ohio. He was fourteen years old wlhen the family moved to Michigan. Soon afterwards his attention was directed to the real estate business, and he became owner of considerable land in Saginaw county, including the site upon which he located and laid out the town of Merrill. This little village is on the Pere Marquette Railroad, on the Grand Rapids Division. Mr. Melze established the first store in that town, cleared off the woods and laid out the streets, was instrumental in organizing the first bank, and more than any other individual gave his efforts in a public-spirited manner toward the upbuilding of that communitv. His business relations and residence in the town continued until 1892, in which year he moved to Saginaw and engaged in the wholesale grocery business. Mr. Melze organized the firm of Melze, Smart & Company, but in I895 sold out his interests and again resumed the real estate business. In I896, Mr. Melze became manager of the Waldron, Alderton Company, and then bought the Waldron interests, and has since been active head of the Melze, Alderton Shoe Company. This business has been increased materially under his management, and at the present time the stock requires twenty thousand feet of floor space and steady employment is given to seventeen office people and salesmen. Their traveling representatives cover the entire southern peninsula of AMiichigan. Mr. Melze is a director of the Commercial National Bank of Saginaw. Since 1907, the year in which it was organized, he has been an active member and treasurer of the Merchants & Manufacturers Association of Saginaw. This association is made up entirely of wholesale merchants and manufacturers, and has been very active and influential in bringing in new industries and also in fostering the welfare of local business already established, and the general interests of the city.

Page  1919 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1919 In the fall of 1875, Mr. Melze married Miss Margaret Murphy, who was born in Ohio. They have one child, Nellie Louise Melze, who married Harry P. Baker of Saginaw. Mr. Melze enjoys his vacations with his wife and friends in extended automobile tours. In his private character he possesses a kindly, genial nature, and is in the best sense of the term, a man of broad and liberal views. NELSON BROTHERS COMPANY. This is now one of the large and industrial concerns of Saginaw, and the output of gasoline engines, pump machinery, and feed grinders is known to the trade not only in this country, but in various foreign markets, and the reputation of their machinery has been held up to the strictest standards, and has stood the most rigid tests of efficiency, wherever used. The Nelson Brothers co-partnership has been a very prosperous enterprise, such as few concerns in the state of Michigan can equal. A few years ago they started in a very small way, and at the present time the annual volume of business will run between a quarter and a third of a million dollars a year. The three partners are Clarence A., Harry B. and Clinton J. Nelson. These are all sons of Clinton and Harriet (Boughton) Nelson. Both parents were born in Clinton county, Michigan, and the father, who was born in 1852, has prospered and become one of the foremost land owners and citizens of Gratiot county, where he owns extensive tracts of land, and is highly regarded as a citizen and business man. When he was twenty-five years of age he started on his own account as a farmer, moving to Gratiot county, and as he gradually got ahead in this world, all his profits were reinvested in land, and a number of years ago, he ranked as one of the largest landed proprietors in that county. During recent years, all his time has been devoted to the management of his real estate interests. His home is in Alma in Gratiot county. His wife died several years ago. There were thirteen children and two of these are deceased, the living being mentioned as follows: Burton E., who lives at Alma, and is a farmer of Gratiot county; Clarence A., Harry B., and Clinton J., all members of the firm of Nelson Brothers at Saginaw; Lulu B., wife of William Fowler, of Sumner, Michigan; Ora D., wife of William Bacon, of St. Johns, Michigan; Floyd, a farmer near Alma; Lyle S., a farmer at Alma; Ivan J., a student in the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; Fern A. and; Nellie M., who live at home with their father. Harry B. Nelson was the first of the sons to turn from farming into manufacturing, and that was in the fall of I908. He bought an old established machine shop at Alma, long conducted under the name of J. M. Monhigal & Company. A year later he was joined by his brother, Clarence, and during that second year they started the manufacture of pumping machinery. It was a very small output at first, and after proving themselves successful in one line they added the manufacture of gasoline engines. They soon became convinced that Saginaw was a most eligible place for their business, not only for its superior railroad facilities, but for the general industrial situation. In I9II, the two brothers were joined by their brother, Clinton, and in December of the same year, they bought several acres of land at Morse and Owen Streets, upon which they built a modern brick plant, up to date in every respect from a sanitary and factory standpoint, installed the latest improved machinery, and there their business has been steadily prospering from its inauguration. Five mechanics were first employed in their factory, only three or four years ago, and at the present time their force numbers more than one hundred workmen, the greater number of whom are skilled laborers. Besides the manufacture of gasoline engines, and pumping machinery, they

Page  1920 1920 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN put out a general line of feed grinding machines. At the present time a greater part of their product has been successfully placed on the foreign market, and various parts of the world. Four traveling representatives cover the general trade, and one for the jobbing trade. The states of Ohio and Michigan are exceptionally well covered by the Nelson machines. A few thousand dollars would have covered the aggregate of business during the first year, and in I913, their gross sales amounted to between two hundred and fifty thousand dollars and three hundred thousand dollars. Clarence Nelson, the oldest of the three partners, was born April 23, I8(8, was educated in the grammar and high schools, and also in a commercial college, and by his marriage to Miss Olive Church, a native of Gratiot county and a daughter of Frank Church, there are six children, as follows: Thelma, Irene, Ronald, Earl, and Helen and Hazel, twins. Harry B. Nelson, the second in age, was born May 9, I882, received educational advantages similar to those of his brother, and in I902 married Miss Cora Rowley, of Gratiot county, a daughter of Frank Rowley. They have one daughter, Ruth Nelson. Clinton J. Nelson, the youngest of the firm, was born October II. S883, and is a lawyer by training, having graduated B. A. from the University of Michigan in the class of I909, and having taken his degree in the law department in 19II. Clinton Nelson married Miss Harriet Bailey, who was born in Livingston county, Michigan, a daughter of James Bailey. To this marriage has been born one daughter, Myra. The brothers are all Progressive Republicans in politics, and likewise most progressive business men, their enterprise in this industrial field characterizing their relations with the general community. WILLIAM T. HOEY. A life-long resident of Michigan, and a native of Alpena, where his business interests are now chiefly centered, William T;. Hoey is a graduate from that rugged school of the lumber industry, and since his earlier experiences under some of the most capable kings of that business he has attained an independent position as a manufacturer and dealer. The people of Alpena also esteem Mr. Hoey as a leader and a man whose career and influence has had a valuable share in community welfare. William T. Hoey was born in Alpena September 3, 1875, a son of William J. and Constance (Jermain) Hoey. There were four children in the family. The father came to Michigan in 1864 and enlisted in one of the Michigan regiments during the closing months of the war. William T. Hoey had only such education as was supplied by the grammar schools of Alpena, and when ready to take up the serious responsibilities of life found employment as a laborer in the lumber woods and in the saw mills. At the age of eighteen he took employment with J. A. Widner, and subsequently became a manager with the great lumber enterprise conducted by Ed Ayer of Chicago. He rose to responsibilities of an executive office with that firm, and after some years engaged in business with W. H. Sanborn, and was subsequently taken into partnership. Later Riebeneck, Sanborn & Hoey organized the American Cedar & Lumber Company. Mr. Hoey was president of that concern, but three years later drew out to establish himself independently, and has since carried on an extensive business with headquarters at Alpena under the name of the Western Cedar & Lumber Company. William T. Hoey was married to Florence Masters, daughter of William and Amelia (Bradford) Masters. They became the parents of eight children, seven daughters and one son, one of whom is now deceased. Mrs. Hoey died December 22, I9I3. Mr. Hoey is a member of the Epis

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Page  1921 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1921 copal church, has fraternal affiliations with the Masonic Order and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and in politics is a stanch Republican. RICHARD JONES. Prominent among the energetic and enterprising men who have been influential in developing and advancing the extensive lumber interests of Northern Michigan is Richard Jones, of Saint Ignace, head of the Jones & Kerry Lumber Company. Beginning life for himself when very young, and under adverse circumstances, his father having been an invalid for nineteen years, he helped support the family with his meagre wages, but through persevering industry, careful management and unfaltering zeal, he has steadily worked his way upward, until now he is a power in the industrial and commercial life of the community in which he lives. He was born in Ontario, Canada, in I859, but was reared in Michigan. His father, Alexander Jones, a retired farmer, living in Flint, Michigan, married Maria Hobbs, whose death occurred in I901. They were the parents of eleven children, four of whom have passed to the life beyond. The second child in succession of birth of the parental household, Richard Jones received limited educational advantages, attending a country school three months, only, his help being needed on the home farm, owing to the illness of his father. He was a great reader, however, and through home study in the evenings he obtained a practical knowledge of books. Going to Sanilac county in 1878, Mr. Jones was there employed in a sawmill for six years, during which time he saved but little money, much of his earnings being sent to his parents. In I885, shortly after his marriage, Mr. Jones located at Gladstone, Michigan, then known as Sander's Point, becoming a pioneer settler of that place. Clearing a tract of timber, he erected a sawmill, and began the manufacture of lumber on a small scale. Unforeseen difficulties arising, Mr. Jones, at the end of three years, migrated with his family to Asheville, North Carolina, to begin life for himself once more, and there for a year filed band saws for the French Broad Lumber Company. Returning then to Michigan, he took up his residence in Bay City, accepting a position as traveling salesman for Emerson, Smith & Company, of Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of saws and mill supplies, being an old and well-known firm, his territory embracing all of the country east of the Mississippi between the Great Lakes and the Gulf. As a salesman he was very successful and popular, earning the good will of both his employers and his customers. From I896 until I9oo Mr. Jones spent his time in trying to promote patents which he held. In I901 he entered the employ of the Lake Superior Corps of the Clargue Syndicate, and at Soo built a large sawmill for the Algoma Lumber Company, subsidiary to the Lake Superior Corps. The ensuing four years Mr. Jones had the management of the Company's affairs at that place, having in his employ four hundred and fifty men. Going to Albuquerque, New Mexico, in I906, he became general manager of the American Lumber Company, of New Jersey, the largest lumber concern in the Southwest at that time, in his work giving employment to eleven hundred men, and specializing in Mexican white pine. The company's mill yards covered one hundred and ten acres, and they owned T12,000 acres of timber land, with an estimated cut of 1,500,000,000ooo feet. Mr. Jones was a large stockholder in that firm. but at the end of a year resigned his position as general manager, and disposed of his interests in the concern. Returning to Michigan, Mr. Jones was engaged in the lumber business at Bay City for about a year, and then, in 1907, removed to Saint Ignace, and built the mill which he now owns. He subsequently organized a stock

Page  1922 1922 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN company, capitalizing it at $75,000, under the name of the Jones & Kerry Lumber Company, with the following named officers: President, Richard Jones; vice-president, R. Hanson; secretary and treasurer, Charles T. Kerry. This plant covers an area of sixty acres, and has a capacity of 60,ooo feet of lumber, 30,000 laths, and 40,000 shingles, and employs one hundred and twenty men. The firm has large holdings of lumber, with twelve years' supply back of them, it being mostly hardwood, with hemlock, and some pine. Mr. Jones is general manager of the entire business of the company, and is also a director of the Carp River Boom Company. Fraternally Mr. Jones is a member of Bay City Lodge No. 129, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons; of Sault Ste Marie Chapter, No. 102, Royal Arch Masons; of Cheboygan Commandery No. 50, Knights Templar, which he helped organize; and of Saginaw Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is also affiliated with other fraternal organizations, in each of which he takes much interest. OTTO HARNISCH. Of one of the most prominent and earliest pioneer families in the Saginaw Valley, Otto Harnisch in the third generation of the family residence has increased the distinctions of the name by his organization of the Valley Stove & Range Company, the largest jobbing concern of its kind in the state, of which he is practically the founder and leading spirit. The career of Mr. Harnisch may be said to have begun in the days when he was getting three dollars at the end of a sixday period of hard labor, and his advancement has always depended upon his ability to work hard and effectively rather than upon any influence or fortunate circumstance. Otto Harnisch was born in Saginaw, March I8, 1870. His parents were Frederick C. and Louise (Schade) Harnisch. They were both born in Germany. Grandfather Frederick Schade was one of the pioneers in the Saginaw Valley, having located there before even the village days of Saginaw city. He was the first harness maker to establish a shop in what is now the city of Saginaw. His little place of business was a building set up on piles at one of the points that is now a center of the business district. Grandfather Harnisch was much more than a mere tradesman, and took a prominent part in the early civic activities of Saginaw. His son, Frederick, served as the first fire chief of the Saginaw Volunteer Department, and in recognition of his efficient services in their behalf the merchants and citizens, a number of years ago, presented him with a beautiful solid silver horn, with his name engraved upon it. That horn is now one of the prized possessions of Otto Harnisch. Frederick C. Harnisch, father of Otto, was one of the first to engage in the manufacture of cigars in Saginaw, and for a number of years had the largest factory of that kind in the city. He was one of the charter members of the Germania society, and active in the Arbeiter Verein. The mother of Otto Harnisch still lives in the old homestead in Saginaw. All the family have been members of the German Lutheran church, from the time of their settlement and the organization of that denomination in Saginaw. There were two children, and the other son is Frederick Harnisch, a resident of Detroit. Otto Harnisch grew up in Saginaw, was a student of the public schools, and when sixteen years old entered the employ of the Morley Brothers Hardware Company, they being the leading merchants of their line in the city. His wages at the start were hardly sufficient to pay his living expenses. He possessed certain qualifications which soon made him valuable to the concern and his efficiency may be best judged by the fact that he continued with Morley Brothers for twenty-one years, and

Page  1923 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1923 for five years had charge of their stove and range department and for eleven years was a traveling representative, specializing in the distribution and sale of stoves and ranges throughout the entire state of Michigan. In 1907 Mr. Harnisch was offered as manufacturer's agent, several of the leading lines which he had sold for so many years, and accepted the factory output as a jobber. Thus was organized and came into successful existence the Valley Stove & Range Company. Mr. Harnisch took the leading and controlling interest in the concern, and has since built up the largest jobbing concern of its kind in Saginaw. This business is in many ways an important factor in the general prosperity of Saginaw, since as a wholesale distributing concern, it has linked the city with scores of other places in northern Michigan, and there are hundreds of towns which now look to Saginaw for their point of supply for the hardware goods, especially stoves and ranges. The company's plant is located at the intersection of River and Hess Streets, where excellent shipping facilities are afforded. They handle immense quantities of stoves, ranges, furnaces, gas and gasoline stoves, and more than twenty-five thousand of their make of Model ranges and Queen heating stoves have been shipped from the Saginaw Valley, and more than five thousand of these stoves are in use in Saginaw homes. Such an enterprise is a splendid tribute to the business integrity and industry of Otto Harnisch. Mr. Harnisch since a boy of eighteen years has been a member of the Royal League, and for four years was honored with the office of Prelate. His affiliation is also found with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. MARSHALL R. MORDEN, M. D. A worthy representative of the medical profession in Michigan is Dr. Marshall R. Morden, who began practice at Adrian in 1875, and through nearly forty years of successful professional work, has dignified his calling by his earnest life and labor, anc has won a prestige by which he well merits recognition among the representatives of Michigan medical fraternity. Dr. Morden is a Canadian by birth, and was the first of the family to come to Michigan, though he was subsequently followed by two brothers. He was born at Bay Quinte, near Belleville, Ontario, August I2, I844. His parents were John H. and Mary (Mason) Morden, both of whom were natives of Bay Quinte, the father born in I804, and died in I877, and the mother born in 1813, and died in 1893. His father was a farmer and fruit grower, and did fairly well in a business way, and offered his children a good home and gave them fair educational opportunities. There were ten children, named as follows: Mahala, Carolina, Lucy, Benson, Lucretia, Marshall R., Lenora, Samuel, Edwin, and Walter. Dr. Morden grew up in his native locality, attended the schools of Belleville, and later Albert College. Some years after attaining to man's estate, he determined upon the medical profession as his future work, and bent all his efforts toward his proper equipment for that calling. In 187I, Dr. Morden graduated M. D. from the then Medical School of the University of Michigan, and immediately after graduating located for practice at Somerset, in Hillsdale county. Four and a half years later he moved to Adrian, and has since enjoyed the better rewards and honors of a long professional career. Dr. Morden is a Democrat, a member of the Unitarian church, and has very strong views on the temperance question. For recreations he enjoys gardening, calls himself a crank on the subject, and has a reputation at Adrian as being one of the most successful producers of the varied crops of the garden, and it is not only a pleasure but a source of domestic food supply. At Bay Quinte, Ontario, July I5, I87I, Dr. Morden married Sarah

Page  1924 1924 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Jane Terrill, a daughter of Esli Terrill, a farmer of Bay Quinte neighborhood. Dr. Morden and wife have two children, Esli T. and Edwin J. Edwin J. Morden is a musician at Adrian, and by his marriage to Winifred Teachout has one child, Gwendolyn. Esli T. Morden, son of Dr. Marshall, has followed in the footsteps of his father, and is now one of the best specialists and general practitioners in Lenawee county. He graduated in medicine from the Michigan College of Medicine and Surgery in Detroit, in I901, spent a part of the following year in post-graduate work at the Chicago Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat College, and in 1902 entered active practice at Adrian, being now associated with his father. He belongs to the Lenawee County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society, and the American Medical Association, and for the past four years has been secretary of the Adrian Society for the study and prevention of tuberculosis. He was also secretary for one year of the Northern Tri-State Medical Society. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Masons, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and with his family attends the Methodist Protestant church. Dr. Esli T. Morden married at Adrian October 18, I905, Miss Florence Swift, a daughter of I. W. Swift, an Adrian grocer. CHARLES CARLETON JENKS. Now president of the Michigan Savings Bank and president of the Security Trust Company of Detroit, and identified with other financial and industrial concerns, Mr. Jenks began his career forty years ago as a bookkeeper, was for some years connected with the iron manufacturing and hardware trade and has made a reputation as one of the successful business men of the state. Charles Carleton Jenks was born at St. Clair, Michigan, August 24, 1854. His father was an early Michigan settler, prominent in educational affairs and also as a merchant, lumberman and citizen. His father was the late Hon. Bela W. Jenks, who was born at Crown Point, Essex county, Nex York, June 6, 1824, a son of Jeremiah W. and Hester Jenks. Bela W. Jenks was educated in the common schools of Crown Point, in the Ferrisburg Academy and in the Shelburn Academy in Vermont, and also at the New York State Normal School in Albany. Possessing unusual scholarship and thorough training in educational affairs, he came to Michigan in 1848, settling in St. Clair county, and establishing a select school which he personally conducted for a number of years, and which furnished superior advantages to hundreds of the youth of that time. In I853 he joined his younger brother, Robert H., in merchandising at St. Clair, a partnership that existed about ten years. In 1867 they invested in timber tracts along the Saginaw valley, and for many years were conspicuous operators in the lumber industry of that section. Meanwhile Mr. Jenks invested:largely in St. Clair county real estate and also became the owner of a large amount of property in the city of St. Clair. In I869 he was elected on the Republican ticket to the Michigan State Senate for the Twenty-fourth District, and by reelection in I87I served two terms. While his public service was of a varied and public spirited character in all its relations, he was particularly interested in the cause of education, and was the first director of the Union School in St. Clair and for a number of years a member of the city board of education. In I88I Governor Jerome appointed him to fill a vacancy on the Michigan State Board of Education, and in 1882 he was regularly elected member of that board for the term of six years. On November 3, 1853, Bela W. Jenks married Sarah Carleton of Granville, New York. Charles C. Jenks spent most of his youth in St. Clair, attended the grammar and high schools of that city and finished his education in the Fort Edward Academy of New York. Locating in Detroit in I875, he

Page  1925 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1925 found work as bookkeeper with the old Wyandotte Rolling Mills, and later that company made him salesman for its products. He continued representing the firm under its original title and also under its successors, the Eureka Iron Company. In 1887, after twelve years of active experience in the iron industry, Mr. Jenks became a member of the firm of Fletcher, Jenks & Company, wholesale hardware merchants, and was in that business five years. Mr. Jenks in 1904 became one of the organizers of the manufacturing firm of Jenks & Muir, under the name Jenks & Muir Manufacturing Company. He is still president of that important concern. Mr. Jenks is president of the Newland Hat Company, president of the Michigan Savings Bank and the Security Trust Company, and president of the Commercial and Savings Bank of St. Clair, his old home. He has membership in the Detroit Board of Commerce, and the following clubs: Detroit, Detroit Country and Detroit Athletic. On November 5, 1879, occurred his marriage in Detroit to Miss Christena Strachan, and their two children are Irene S. and Eloise C. GEORGE WAYNE SYMES. For a period of thirty-five years the Symes family has been closely identified with those activities which constitute the business and civic life of a community, and which in the aggregate have made Shiawassee one of the most progressive counties of central Michigan. The late Edward Symes, whose remarkable enterprise in business affairs is now continued by his two sons, was the pioneer lumber man of Bancroft, and may be justly called one of the builders of that prosperous little city. He located there when it was nothing more than a country settlement, and gave his influence and energy to every subsequent phase of its improvements. Edward Symes was born in Milan, Ohio, and his wife whose maiden name was Mary Kline, was a native of the same vicinity. Edward Symes came to Michigan in early life, located at St. Charles in Saginaw county. where he became identified with lumbering. Two years later he returned to Ohio to get married, and then brought his young bride to St. Charles, and thenceforward for a number of years was one of the leaders in business affairs at that place. He formed a co-partnership with his brothers. Frank J. and George B. Symes, and Symes Brothers Lumber Company was one of the largest and most extensive in its operation in the Saginaw Valley. In 1878 the company established lumber yards at Bancroft and Durand. The brother George was the first to retire from the firm and the two remaining brothers then established saw mills at McBain, and continued actively in business until the partnership was dissolved by mutual consent. Edward Symes retained the lumber yard while Frank directed the operation of the mills. In I904 Edward Symes sold out the lumber yards in Durand, and thereafter devoted his entire time and attention to the lumber and coal business at Bancroft. In the death of Edward Symes, which occurred at Bancroft, March 26, 191I, the community lost one of its ablest business leaders and citizens. Bancroft had been only recently established when his firm opened a lumber yard there in I878, and from that time until his death, his name was always associated with practically every movement for the upbuilding of the locality. His large estate at the time of his death included two fine farms in Saginaw county close to the village of St. Charles. besides a pleasant home and valuable business property in Bancroft. His widow now occupies the old home in Bancroft. Edward Symes and wife had two sons, the older being Louis Kline Symes. George W. Symes, the younger son was born in Bancroft, Michigan, August Io, 1887. His training for life was unusually thorough both as

Page  1926 1926 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN to school equipment and early associations and experience in practical affairs. From the grammar and high schools of Bancroft, he was for two years a student in the agricultural college of Lansing. During his school days, and afterwards he was closely associated with his father, and thus gained a thorough knowledge of the lumber and coal business, so that he was thoroughly equipped to take charge of the business and estate at the time of his father's death. Mr. George W. Symes in October, I9IO, married Miss Mildred Conley of Oakland county, Michigan. They occupy one of the pleasant homes of Bancroft, and fraternally Mr. Symes is affiliated with the Masonic Order, the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His recreations are chiefly hunting and fishing. In politics he is a Republican voter. AMOS 0. WHITE. A position of world-won leadership in business and civic affairs is that of Amos O. White of Fremont. Mr. White was born on a farm in Walker township, Kent county, Michigan, on January 8th, 1848. His great-grandfather, Henry White, was a soldier under Washington for seven years in the Revolutionary War. His grandfather, Samuel White, was born in Kinderhook, near Tarrytown, New York, on April Ist, I787. He lived in Otsego county, New York, and moved from there to Canada, where he operated a flouring mill. In 1836 he emigrated to Walker township, Kent county, where he took up land which is now a part of the City of Grand Rapids, and lived there till his death on March 4th, I873. One of his sons, Charles, was a soldier in the Mexican War, and the youngest son, Samuel, served as a captain in the war of the Rebellion. The latter is still living in Grand Rapids, Michigan, at the age of eighty-four. Abel Ford, the maternal grandfather of Amos 0. White, came from his birthplace of Vergennes, Vermont, to Kent county as one of the early pioneers, and died near Grand Rapids at an advanced age. The parents of Amos 0. White were Milo and Mercy (Ford) White, the former being born at Preble, Otsego county, New York, January i, i816, and the latter in Vergennes, Vermont, August 24, I815. They were married in Canada on January 3I, I838, and shortly afterwards came to Michigan, where they located in the wilderness of Walker township, Kent county, and cleared and developed a farm on which they lived till January, I865. In that year they moved to Ashland township, Newaygo county, and took up a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres, which had been awarded to his brother, Charles, for services in the Mexican War. Part of this tract with its original forest is now owned by A. O. White. There were nine children in the family of the parents, Amos 0. being fifth in order of birth. Three are still living, viz.: Sophronia M., who married Albert L. Russell and resides at Long Beach, California; and Violetta P., who married George Rosewarne and lives at Grant, Michigan. The parents were members of the Methodist Church and the father took a considerable interest in Republican politics and in local affairs, and served as supervisor of Walker township in Kent county for fourteen years when that locality was overwhelmingly Democratic. Amos 0. White attended the common schools of Grand Rapids and finished his education in the high school of that city and in Newaygo. At the beginning of his successful career he taught school for four years in Newaygo and Muskegon counties. In the fall of I878, soon after his marriage, he located at Fremont, Michigan, where he has since continuously resided. Here he opened an office as representative of fire and life insurance companies, and in that

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Page  1927 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1927 field his success has been pre-eminent. He solicited the majority of the capital stock of the Patron's Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Newaygo, Muskegon and Oceana counties, a farmers' mutual, and has had charge of the company since I879, and the success of the company has chiefly been due to his efforts. He is secretary-treasurer of the company, which has grown under his management from $Ioo,ooo of insurance at risk to over $9,ooo,ooo at the present time. Mr. White has also been president of the State Association of Mutual Fire Insurance Companies for several years, having previously served as secretary and treasurer of that organization. Since coming to Fremont, Mr. White has held various township and village offices, among them being township clerk, treasurer and justice of the peace, which latter office he held for twenty-four years continuously. He also served as village trustee and village president. In the field of education, Mr. White has always taken an active interest, and for years served as a member of the school board at Fremont. He was largely instrumental in bringing the Fremont schools to their present high standard. In addition to his other interests, Mr. White is president of the Fremont State Bank and assisted in its organization. He also organized and is a director in the Grant State Bank, at Grant, Michigan. Since I880, Mr. White has, with the exception of one year, served as treasurer for the different Masonic bodies of Fremont. He is a member of Pilgrim Lodge, No. I8o, F. & A. M.; Fremont Chapter No. I3I, R. A. M.; Fremont Council No. 76, R. & S. M.; Muskegon Commandery No. 22, K. T.; Dewitt Clinton Consistory, thirty-second degree, A. A. S. R. M. with its subordinate degrees; Saladin Temple A. A. 0. N. M. S.; and Magnolia Chapter No. 70, 0. E. S. A Democrat in politics, Mr. White has attended every national convention of his party for the last twenty-four years, was an elector on the second Bryan ticket, and has been a delegate or an alternate at Democratic conventions for the past sixteen years. Mr. White, through his business energy and success for a number of years enjoyed liberal means, and has used it for extended travel, having visited nearly all the countries of the world. On October Ist, 1878, he was married to Ida M., daughter of Sullivan and Mary C. (Sheldon) Armstrong, who were early pioneers of Michigan. The father was born in Riga, Monroe county, New York, March 3rd, 1821. When six years old he came with his parents and settled at Wall Lake, Michigan. His father dying the next year, the mother returned to New York, where Sullivan lived until of age. He then came to Kent county, Michigan, and took up land in Wright township. On December 4th, I844, he married Mary C., daughter of George and Sarah M. (Davis) Sheldon, who were among the earliest settlers of Grand Rapids, coming from Wilson, N. Y., in 1837, where Mary C. was born on October ist, 1827. After living eight years in Wright and Walker townships in Kent county, Mr. Armstrong moved his family to Ashland township, Newaygo county, in the fall of I852. He was the third settler in this township, which was then a dense wilderness. Mr. Armstrong lived to see it all cleared and made to blossom as the rose. Six years before his death he sold his farm and moved to Fremont, where he died January 3oth, I890. Mrs. Armstrong died January I2th, I9II. Mrs. Ida M. White was born in Ashland March 22d, 1856, from a long line of Puritan ancestors on both sides, being a direct descendant of William Brewster of the Mayflower on her maternal side. Mr. and Mrs. White are the parents of three children: Milo A., born December 6th, I879, who graduated from the Ferris Institute and also

Page  1928 1928 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN from the literary and law courses in the University of Michigan, and has been in the practice of law at Fremont, Michigan, since I904, enjoying a successful position in the local bar; he is a member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity and also a member of the same Masonic bodies as his father; Annie L., born February 2Ist, 1882, the second child, graduated from the Musical Department of the University of Michigan, was a member of the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority, and married Warren E. Emley, who is employed in the government Bureau of Standards at Pittsburgh; Mary L., born November 28, I886, was a student at Ypsilanti Normal and graduated from the Literary Department of the University of Michigan and married George H. Brown, who is also employed in the government Bureau of Standards at Pittsburgh. JOHN WENDELL ANDERSON. One of Detroit's prominent lawyers is John Wendell Anderson, who for over twenty years has practiced his profession in the Moffatt Building, and who as an individual and in association with other well known members of the local bar has enjoyed some of the best distinctions and rewards of the profession. A Wisconsin man by birth, John W. Anderson was born at La Crosse, September 25, I868, the son of Hon. Wendel A. Anderson, M. D., and Susan M. (Small) Anderson. He received his early education in the ward and high public schools of La Crosse and then entered Cornell University. Here he took a special course in history and political economy complemented by a course of lectures at McGill University in Montreal, at the conclusion of which he entered the law department of the University of Michigan from which, with the degree of LL. B., he graduated with the class of I890. Admitted to the bar in the same year he forthwith began his practice in Detroit. The first three years he was associated with the firm of Bowen, Douglas & Whiting. From October, I893, to January, I896, he was the senior member of the firm of Anderson & Codd. The junior member was Hon. George P. Codd, former city attorney, former mayor of Detroit, and now on the circuit bench. In I896 Mr. Anderson formed a partnership with Horace H. Rackham, under the firm name of Anderson & Rackham, and later as Anderson, Rackham & Wilcox. Since the retirement of Mr. Rackham in 1913 the firm name has been Anderson & Wilcox. Mr. Anderson was one of the original incorporators of the Ford Motor Company, in which he owns a substantial interest. He is also a director in the Highland Park State Bank. Mr. Anderson has membership in the Detroit Bar Association and the Michigan State Bar Association. He is a member of the Chi Psi College Fraternity; of the Masonic Order; of the Detroit Board of Commerce and of the New England Society. His clubs are: Detroit, Old, Yondotega, Detroit Athletic, Detroit Boat, Players, Bankers, Green Bag, Country and University, of which last he was president in I902-03, and a member of its first board of governors. On June I9, I895, Mr. Anderson married *Gustava D. Doeltz, a daughter of the late Hon. William Doeltz of Detroit. Their two children are Wendell W. and Suzanne M. CLEMENT McDONALD SMITH, Judge of the Fifth Tudicial Circuit of Michigan, is the son of David W. Smith and Leonora (McDonald) Smith. The father was a man of English descent and a native of Orleans county, New York, while the mother, also a native of New York, was of Scotch descent. Judge Smith was born December 4, 1844, near Fort Wayne, Indiana, and was brought to Michigan in infancy by his parents, who settled near Nashville, Barry county, on the farm on which they now live.

Page  1929 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1929 The early years of Judge Smith were spent at work on the farm and in attendance upon the district school. At the age of sixteen he entered the Academy at Vermontville, where he spent a year in qualifying himself for teaching. From that time until he reached the age of twenty-one he spent the winters in teaching and the summers in farm work. In I865 -66 he attended the law department of the University of Michigan and was admitted to the bar in the spring of I868. In early boyhood he had not expected to be a lawyer, but an incident that transpired when he was eighteen years of age determined the choice of a profession as his life work. He was then a teacher in the country schools and happened to be a witness to a collision between two vehicles, in one of which he was riding with the owner upon the highway. The accident led to litigation. During the course of the trial he was fascinated with the application of law to the rights of the parties and especially by the arguments of the counsel before the jury. From that moment his decision to become a lawyer was fixed and irrevocable. His course of study was chosen with that end in view. After his admission to the bar he opened an office for practice at Nashville in the spring of I868. The following winter he was principal of the first union school organized in Nashville after its incorporation. In the spring of I869 he went to Minnesota and engaged for six months in the business of soliciting for a fire insurance company, and upon returning to Barry county in the fall, he settled at Middleville and formed a law partnership with Harvey Wright, which was continued for about six months. He then returned to Nashville, where he resumed practice, continuing until I876. In that year he was elected Probate Judge of Barry county and removed to Hastings on January i, 1877. This office he held for eight years, and performed its duties in a manner entirely satisfactory to the public. During his term of office he continued his law practice and was associated for about two years with Charles M. Knoppen, devoting such time as he could spare from official duties to the law business under the firm name of Smith & Knoppen. In the fall of I88o he formed a partnership with Hon. Philip T. Colgrove, which was continued until Judge Smith was called to the bench. The firm of Smith & Colgrove had the largest practice in the county, and was connected as counsel with many of the most important cases. The practice of the firm was both civil and criminal. Among the cases of greatest local interest and importance may be mentioned The People vs. Carpenter, charged with murder; People vs. Carveth, charged with wife poisoning, in both of which Mr. Smith was attorney for the defendant; also People vs. McKay, in which he assisted the prosecuting attorney. He was counsel for the defense in the celebrated case of the People vs. Strong, and secured the acquittal of his client. Among the most notable civil cases were Baldwin vs. City of Hastings, in which the rights of the city to tax the farmers for a system of waterworks in the corporation was involved. Another case was Mudge vs. Board of Education, to determine the right of women to vote at school elections in the city, in which he was employed as counsel for the plaintiff. The case was carried to the Supreme Court and led to legislation securing the right to women to vote at school elections. In I890 he was appointed prosecuting attorney to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of C. H. Van Arman. January 3, I893, he was appointed by Governor Rich as Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit. This was the first appointment made by the Governor. At the election following he was elected for the unexpired portion of the term and also for the full term which expired December 3I, I899. Among the important cases tried before him as judge are the Butcher murder case, from Eaton county; the Teft murder case from Barry county; the conspiracy case of People vs. Rosen et al, Eaton county; Peo

Page  1930 1930 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN pie vs. Scott, manslaughter, a case growing out of the wreck on the Grand Trunk Railroad at Battle Creek in 1893. The following estimate is from a prominent member of the Bar of Eaton county: "Judge Smith has much ability as a jurist and is speedily distinguishing himself for readiness in grasping and mastering principles. He is extremely courteous and kind to members of the bar. No attorney has ever been heard to complain of not being allowed to state his case fully and fairly and try it upon his own, theory. His great strength is seen in his quick decisions when once satisfied of the right. Many a harsh rule'of law is set aside in behalf of justice and conscience in his Chancery Court. He is apparently the most interested person in cases tried before him. His circuit is the largest in the state, consuming his entire time on the bench; but the facility with which he tries cases enables him to keep well up with the business of the docket, although the amount of litigation brought before him is very large. He has already taken front rank as a jurist in the state. Some of the most noted criminal cases in recent years have been tried in his court. A part of his circuit is under local option law, which has been fruitful of much litigation. He is a firm adherent of the theory that all laws should be impartially enforced as enacted, and he never allows his personal opinion or feeling to manifest itself in the disposition of cases, except that his rulings are all tempered with humanity and sympathy for unfortunate people. The good advice and words of encouragement given to such as are convicted would, if followed, lead to reformation and good citizenship. Judge Smith is held in high esteem by the members of the bar, and is well spoken of throughout the state." Judge Smith has for many years been a Mason, with membership in the Blue Lodge and Chapter of Hastings and the Commandery at Charlotte. He is also a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Uniformed Rank of that Order. On May 17, 1871, Judge Smith was married to Miss Frances M. \rheeler, a daughter of Milo T. Wheeler, who was treasurer of Barry County. Their family consists of two sons and a daughter. The elder son, Shirley W., is a graduate in the Literary Department of the University of Michigan, class of 1897, and at present is the secretary of the University of Michigan. The daughter received her eductaion at the University of Michigan, and the younger son, Donald D., is a graduate of the same university, class of I905, and at present is the consulting engineer for the Southern Surety Company of St. Louis, Missouri, where he resides. LINN M. CUDWORTH, M. D. Since I896 Dr. Cudworth has been in the active practice of his profession at Perry, in Shiawassee county. Dr. Cudworth acquired his education and training for a professional career almost entirely from the means earned by himself, and has advanced himself to a place of leadership in the local medical fraternity. Linn M. Cudworth was born at Bainbridge, New York, February 23, 1870, the only son of John W. and Catherine Elosia (Maine) Cudworth. The father, a native of Vermont, moved when a young man to New York, and is now living at Cortland, New York, a jeweler and optician, and at one time postmaster of the village of Bainbridge. He is now sixty-eight years of age. His wife, who was born in Connecticut, was educated and married in New York State, died in Oxford, New York, in 1893, at the age of forty-eight. Linn M. Cudworth attended the public schools of his home town, finished his literary course in the Oxford Academy, in 1889, and took three years special work at Colgate University. His medical studies were pursued in the city of Baltimore, where he was graduated M. D. in 1896. In

Page  1931 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1931 the same year he came west and located at Perry, and has been in successful practice for the past seventeen years. In his profession he belong to the County and State Medical Societies, and at two different times has served his village as president. In politics the doctor is a Republican, is a chapter Mason, affiliating with Corunna Chapter, and was Master of his lodge in I9IO. His other affiliations are with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, his church is the Baptist, and he stands high in both social and civic affairs in Perry. Dr. Cudworth was married at Perry in 1905 to Miss Lucy B. Snyder, daughter of George and Ella Snyder. They have a comfortable home in Perry. E. A. ROBERTSON. Now ranking as one of the leading cities and trade industries in Michigan, Saginaw has been fortunate in the possession of a fine body of capable business builders and leaders, including men of ability and integrity to direct the large enterprises which have given this city distinction among the larger centers of the state. During the past twenty years one of these men of enterprise has been Mr. E. A. Robertson, mention of whose name at once brings up the E. A. Robertson Company, of which he is president, and which is the largest firm of its kind in the state. The position of the E. A. Robertson Company, in the industrial activities of Saginaw, and what the firm represents in its contribution to the aggregate of Michigan's manufacture, is well described in a handsome book entitled "Greater Industrial and Commercial Saginaw," published in 1912. The descriptive matter in that article, which covers the ground practically up to the present writing, is repeated herewith: "This is one of the most uniformly prosperous of the many important industries of which Saginaw boasts. This business was established in I897, and can therefore point with pride to a record of fifteen years of profitable operation. The business is that of making high-grade costumes and waists for women. The beginning was made in a small way, when only ten machines were used, and a dozen people employed. At present the concern occupies an up-to-date factory building, consisting of three stories, and affording thirty-two thousand four hundred square feet of floor space. The workrooms are sanitary, light and convenient, and are amply supplied with machines of the latest and most modern patterns for the rapid and perfect manufacture of this special line of work. The operators employed, of whom there are three hundred and fifty, are those who have a thorough knowledge of their individual tasks. The increasing volume of business necessitates the services of six expert designers, who visit the famous fashion centers of Europe annually, and have entree to the establishments of the leading masters of fashion. The costumes. dresses and waists, fashioned by this house, are eagerly sought by discriminating buyers for many of the leading women's apparel shops of the best shipping centers of the country. Each model produced in the work rooms of this concern carries the unmistakable stamp of style, is built on modish lines, and bears a chic appearance that appeals to the smartly dressed woman of refined tastes. The fabrics used embracing silks of a wide variety, chiffons, velvet and satins are the choicest offered in both foreign and domestic markets. The trimmings are all that the most exacting could desire, and include many importations, giving these garments an individuality in design and finish, not to be found in the average ready-towear product. The quality of the materials used and the high grade of workmanship in evidence has made the products of this concern widely and most favorably known to the trade in this special line as the yearly increasing volume of business most positively testifies. A corps of seven competent salesmen represent the firm in every state in the Union, and in

Page  1932 1932 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the principal cities of Canada, selling exclusively to dealers in high-grade wear. The E. A. Robertson Company maintain a permanent office at II82 Broadway, New York City, where a special force of representatives meet the buyers. The officers of the company are E. A. Robertson, president and treasurer; E. L. Hackstadt, vice president; and D. P. Toole, secretary. The officers together with F. B. Gage form the board of directors." Edmund Archibald Robertson, whose energy and broad experience in general clothing lines have been chiefly responsible for the upbuilding of the Saginaw industry, was born at Cupar, Fife county, Scotland, May 13, I866, a son of John and MIary Anna (Mitchell) Robertson. The father, a man of education, and for many years an office holder in his county and a leading dry goods merchant, retired after a successful career at the age of sixty years, and, born in 1832, is now eighty-one years of age, and lives at the town of his birth in Scotland. His wife is also alive, and they enjoy the peace and plenty worthily won by long and well spent years. Of their seven children two are deceased, and the others are: Jessie, wife of Alexander Baird, of Winnipeg, Canada; William Robertson, manager of the Rat Portage Lumber Company at Vancouver, British Columbia; Edmund A.; Mary, wife of Robert Brown, of Winnipeg; and Edith Robertson, who lives at home with her parents. Mr. E. A. Robertson as a boy was trained in private schools, and though he passed the examinations for entrance to St. Andrews University, he was turned aside from a University career and at the age of fifteen began an apprenticeship at Dundee, Scotland, in a large mercantile and export linen goods business. Those who know how systematic is the organization and conduct of a Scottish mercantile house, will readily understand that Mr. Robertson's business training was exceedingly thorough, and when he completed his apprenticeship, of four years, he was equipped with a training in practically every detail. Then emigrating to America, he located at Norwich, Connecticut, where he entered the establishment of Porteous and Mitchell, a leading firm of dry goods merchants. Archibald Mitchell, junior member of the firm, was a first cousin of E. A. Robertson. Seven years were spent with that firm and in that time Mr. Robertson acquired a complete familiarity with trade conditions in America. He gained a broad knowledge of the technical departments of dress goods manufacture. In I892 the firm bought out the business of Bauman & Company at Saginaw, Michigan, and E. A. Robertson was sent out to take active management of that new branch. It was in that way he became identified with Michigan and with Saginaw, and has since been a permanent resident of this city. The business when Mr. Robertson came to Saginaw was located on Michigan and Court Street West, was later moved to where the large Tanner Department Store stands in east Saginaw, and Mr. Robertson continued in active charge of the Saginaw establishment for five years. At the end of that time he was ready to branch out independently, and organized a company to engage in the manufacture of shirt waists. This company comprised Mr. Robertson, Mr. N. Brady, Charles Benjamin and Paul Bernhardt. Since its establishment the firm has always gone under the name of E. A. Robertson Company. In the meantime, however, the three associates just named have withdrawn, and the company has been incorporated with the officers as already stated. Besides his position as president of the E. A. Robertson Company, Mr. Robertson has many other large and distinctive interests in the city. He is a director of the Bank of Saginaw, and of the Argo Electric Vehicle Company. He has a life membership card in the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and his politics is Republican. On October 23, i897, Mr. Robertson married Miss Fannie Williams, a native of Saginaw,

Page  1933 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1933 and a daughter of William, and a granddaughter of Gardner Williams, the latter having been the original saw mill owner and operator of Saginaw, and a pioneer whose career was closely identified with the early history of that city. Mr. and Mrs. Robertson have two children: Harriete Mitchell Robertson and Anne Robertson. HENRY A. HAIGH. One of the leading personal factors in the field of electric railway development during recent years has been Henry A. Haigh of Detroit, who with his associates has built and operated many miles of railway in the state of Michigan, and in other localities of the Union. From 1878 until I899, Mr. Haigh was one of the able members of the Detroit bar, and for many years his name was prominent in affairs of the Republican party in Michigan. Not only in the field of railway enterprise has Mr. Haigh contributed to the development of the country, but he is also a contributor to the literature of law, and at least two useful works bear his name. The Haigh family have been prominent in Michigan for nearly seventy years. In the old "Haigh Homestead" at Dearborn, near Detroit, Henry Allyn Haigh was born March 13, I854. His father was the late Richard Haigh, Sr., who was born at Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, May 4, 18II, and in 1825, at the age of fourteen, came to America, and first found employment in a small shop in New York City, engaged in the refinishing of woolen cloth. In 1827 the elder Haigh was employed by John Barrows and Son, woolen cloth manufacturers of New York City, and later in the same line by Peter Schenk of Glenham, New York, and by Thomas Williams & Son of Poughkeepsie, New York. In 1835 he removed to Rochester, New York, and engaged with the firm of E. & H. Lyon. In I837 he took charge of the buying and sorting of wools for the Waterloo Woolen Mills, at Waterloo, New York. At the same place in 1842 he embarked in the manufacture of linseed oil, and built up a good industry and one that was profitable until the repeal of the tariff protecting that industry in 1846. His brother Henry was in the drug business at Detroit, and in 1852 Richard Haigh, Sr., moved to Detroit, and bought the property in the nearby village of Dearborn, which has ever since been known as the "Haigh Homestead." There he lived until his death, December 5, 1904. He developed his lands and became a successful farmer and stock raiser. His farm originally comprised three hundred acres. The original farm house has been improved and enlarged and is now the country home of Henry A. Haigh, the subject of this sketch. The late Richard Haigh was one of the organizers of Christ Church at Dearborn, serving as senior warden from its beginning in I866 until his death. Richard Haigh, Sr., married in I836 Miss Bessie Williams, who died in 1842, and in I844 he married Miss Lucy Billings Allyn of Waterloo, New York. Henry A. Haigh, who was a child of his father's second marriage, received his early education in the local public schools, and was sent east to Waterloo, New York, for a portion of his education. In I874 he graduated as a Bachelor of Science from the Michigan Agricultural College. Entering the law department of the University of Michigan, he graduated LL. B. in 1878. In the meantime he had taken up the practical duties of life, and in 1874 and 1875 taught winter school in Wayne county. In March, 1875, he was appointed clerk in the office of the state board of health at Lansing, and served until September, I876. Soon after his graduation in law and admission to the bar in Detroit, he became associated with an old classmate, Hon. William L. Carpenter, who later became chief justice of the supreme court of Michigan. In 1899 he was taken into the law firm of the late Col. John Atkinson, the firm name becoming Atkinson, Carpenter, Brooke & Haigh. In the fall of I893 Vol. IV-12

Page  1934 1934 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Mr. Haigh became junior member in the firm of Atkinson & Haigh, that relationship being continued until 1896. For the past fifteen years Mr. Haigh has given little attention to his law practice, devoting his time and ability to electric railway construction, to banking and other interests. In 1884 Mr. Haigh published "Haigh's Manual of Law," a compilation of laws, applicable to farm life and rural districts. This work met with an extended sale and is still in use. During his earlier career Mr. Haigh was an influential figure in Michigan State politics. In 1887 he took an active part in the political organization known as the National Republican League, and in I892-93 was the Michigan member of the executive committee. In I888-93 he interested himself keenly in the affairs of the Michigan Club, at that time the most prominent Republican organization of the state, of which he had been one of the founders, and of which he was the first secretary and later president. In I892 Mr. Haigh was presidential elector from Michigan, and was the electoral messenger who carried the vote of Michigan to Washington. In I896 he was president of the McKinley Club and was the alternate delegate at large from Michigan to the national convention in St. Louis. Of the Michigan State Republican League, organized in I888, Mr. Haigh served as first secretary. Mr. Haigh's career as a promoter and builder of electric railways began in I898, when he assisted Samuel F. Angus and James D. Hawks in securing rights for the Detroit, Ypsilanti, Ann Arbor and Jackson Railway. Later he and Mr. Angus promoted the Toledo, Fremont, and Norwalk Railway in Ohio. He was chosen treasurer and general counsel for the company formed to carry on the project. The successful completion of the line was largely due to the organization of the Comstock-Haigh-Walker Company, of which Mr. Haigh later became president. The road, sixty-five miles in length, some years after being completed, was sold to the Everett System of Cleveland, and is now a part of the Lake Shore Electric Railway between Cleveland and Toledo. In I902 the Comstock-Haigh-Walker Company began the construction of the Rochester and Eastern Railway, an electric system connecting Rochester, Canandaigua and Geneva, New York. In I905, after the line had been completed, it was sold to the New York Central Company. The company next ventured into the state of Wisconsin, where it constructed and still owns and operates the Milwaukee Northern Railway, a system which connects and serves five of the most important and prosperous counties in Wisconsin. For fifty-eight miles the road runs between Milwaukee and Sheboygan, and another division of forty-two miles, not yet completed, extends to Fond du Lac. Mr. Haigh in 1905 became president of the Comstock-Haigh-Walker Company, following the death of William B. Comstock, and about the same time became secretary and treasurer of the Milwaukee Northern Railway Company, a position still held by him. In I906 he became vice president and a director in the Detroit, Ypsilanti, Ann Arbor and Jackson Railway Company, continuing those relations until the road was sold to the Detroit United Railways. With the death of Andrew W. Comstock, in April, I908, Mr. Haigh became president and director of the Cincinnati, Georgetown and Portsmouth Railway and the Felicity and Bethel Railway, a combined steam and electric system, operating about seventy miles of line east of Cincinnati. At the present time he is a director in the Alpena Power Company. Among other interests which have made Mr. Haigh prominent in financial and commercial affairs, should be mentioned the following: He was one of the original subscribers to the stock of the Peninsular Savings Bank of Detroit, and now a director and member of its executive committee; he is president of the Detroit Sanitarium; was one of the organizers of the Continental Casualty Company, now of Chicago, and the

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Page  1935 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1935 second largest insurance company of its kind in the country, having for some years been one of its directors and general counsel for Michigan. On January I6, I895, Mr. Haigh married Miss Caroline Comstock, daughter of the late Andrew W. Comstock, a prominent lumberman, banker and vessel owner of Alpena, Michigan. They are the parents of two children: Andrew Comstock Haigh, a student in the University of Michigan, and Richard Allyn Haigh, a student at the Detroit University school. The home of the family in Detroit is at 174 Seminole Avenue. From I901 to I906 Mr. Haigh served as a member of the Michigan State Board of Health, and also a member of the American Public Health Association. His club and social connections include membership in the Michigan Pioneer & Historical Society; the Detroit Board of Commerce; the Detroit Club; The University Club of Detroit; the Country Club of Grosse Pointe, and the Long Lake Country Club. Mr. Haigh is a Mason and has his membership in Oriental Lodge. CHARLES H. HACKLEY. Even the most casual visitor is accustomed to associate the name Hackley with the city of Muskegon, since its most familiar and prominent institutions bear the name and to a large degree are the product of the splendid philanthropy of that eminent lumberman and financier. While it is true that the careers of many men enter into the foundation and superstructure of the city of Muskegon, it is not disparaging the work of any one to say that the late Charles H. Hackley was the foremost factor and influence in the development of this west Michigan industrial and civic center. During the early eighties Muskegon was the point of premier production in the lumber industry of the United States and no one man contributed more to that fame than Mr. Hackley. It is the history of many cities, dependent upon one natural resource such as lumber, mining, etc., that their glory departs with the exhaustion of the material which afforded them the opportunity to rise. It is the distinction of Muskegon that, with the decline of local lumbering, other interests were substituted, and it has since gained renown as a city of diversified industry, of splendid institutions and public enterprise, and in this latter field to even a greater degree than in the promotion of the lumber manufacturers were the business spirit and wealth of Mr. Hackley displayed for the permanent benefit and prosperity of Muskegon, and even among those who were closely associated with and aided him in this epoch of city building, his individual efforts are conceded to have accomplished the most substantial things in assuring Muskegon's present power and resources as a city. Aside from the great material benefit that accrued from his career, the life of the late Charles H. Hackley should prove an inspiration to all who read this brief biography. This noted lumberman and philanthropist was born at Michigan City, Indiana, January 3, I837, and died at Muskegon, February Io, I905. For more than half a century his life had been one of striking activity and accomplishment. While his birth was unnoted except in his family and the immediate community, his death was mourned by an entire city and distinguished tributes were paid him from all over the state. His father, Joseph H. Hackley, was one of the early settlers at the south end of Lake Michigan, but when Charles was a child the family moved to old Southport, now the city of Kenosha, Wisconsin, where the boy received such education as could be obtained from public schools in that place and at that time. At the age of fifteen he left school and began to support himself. In I856, a youth of about nineteen, he worked his passage on a schooner across Lake Michigan from Kenosha to Muskegon, and at noon on the day of his arrival, April I7th, began work as a common laborer for Durkee, Truesdell & Company, lumber

Page  1936 1936 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN manufacturers. The keen eagerness he showed in mastering the details of his work caused the firm to send him out to the woods in the following fall as a log scaler, and in the next spring he was made outside foreman of the sawmill, in charge of lumber sorting. His employers recognized the possibilities of the future in this young man, and on their advice he returned to Kenosha in the fall of 1857 and spent the winter at a commercial college to train himself in the commercial as well as the technical side of lumbering. The spring of 1858 found him in Muskegon again as bookkeeper for Gideon Truesdell, successor to the former firm of Durkee, Truesdell & Company. By I859 he acquired sufficient experience to encourage him to enter business on his own account. In the meantime, in 1855, his father had moved to Muskegon, and in I859 the firm of J. H. Hackley & Company was organized. They bought a sawmill, a year later added another and was soon among the successful lumbermen in that section of the state. The first members of the firm were J. H. Hackley, Charles H. Hackley and Gideon Truesdell, and subsequently two other sons of J. H. Hackley were associated with the concern, Edwin and Porter Hackley. In 1874 J. H. Hackley died, and some years later came the death of the sons Edwin and Porter. The firm of J. H. Hackley & Company was succeeded by Hackley & Son, and that in turn by C. H. Hackley & Company. From this independent enterprise the name of Charles H. Hackley in a few years was one of the most prominent among the lumbermen of western Michigan. In I866 he and James McGordon, under the name Hackley & McGordon, purchased the "Wing" mill, and ran it until it was burned some years later. In I88I Thomas Hume bought the McGordon interest in the firm of C. H. Hackley & Company and also in the firm of Hackley & McGordon on the death of McGordon. Thus was founded the firm of Hackley & Hume, one destined to attain a first place among America's lumber manufacturers. Hackley & Hume continued operations on the Muskegon river until 1894, when their tracts of timber in that section became exhausted. The members of the firm had long foreseen the extinction of the lumber forests in western Michigan, and as early as i886 had begun buying timber in other states. Their early purchases were largely in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Louisiana, and later they acquired large tracts of timber land in Mississippi, South Carolina, Florida and British Columbia. Thus Mr. Hackley continued a large factor in lumber milling after the Muskegon mills had been shut down and removed. In 1892 Mr. Hackley and Mr. Hume bought the interest of S. B. Barker in the Itasca Lumber Company of Minneapolis, which company in I903 acquired the property and business of H. C. Akeley Lumber Company, a concern that had been organized in I889 by Hackley and Hume and H. C. Akeley and Freeman S. Farr of Minneapolis. Mr. Hackley was one of the heaviest stockholders in the Itasca Lumber Company. It would take considerable space to simply enumerate the various interests of the late Mr. Hackley in the lumber and manufacturing fields, and it must suffice to say that he was the mainstay of a number of Muskegon's industrial concerns. He was a member of the Gardner & Lacey Lumber Company of Georgetown, South Carolina, of the J. S. Bennett Lumber Company of Sandusky, Ohio, and of the Hackley & Hume Company, Limited. Turning from his achievements in the commercial and industrial field, it will be especially appropriate to speak of the many benefactions by which Mr. Hackley endeared himself to the people of Muskegon for all time. It was in that city that he rose from the ranks of labor to his

Page  1937 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1937 eminent position as a capitalist and organizer, and there his generosity and philanthropy have left their most conspicuous monument. His contributions to the useful institutions and civic adornment of his home city include one of the most beautiful soldiers and sailors monuments to be found anywhere in the United States; a public square embellished with the best work of America's sculptors and landscape gardeners; a public library with a capacity of one hundred thousand volumes; a manual training school which is the only one of its kind in the state; statues of Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, Farragut, Kearney and McKinley, the last having been the first statue of the martyred president to be erected in the United States; and also a modern hospital. While it would be impossible to measure the value of these benefactions to Muskegon and her people by their original thought, it is not inappropriate to append the following summary of Mr. Hackley's various gifts made during his lifetime. Individually enumerated they were: Hackley Public Library (1888) $I55,00o, and endowment (1891) $75,000; Hackley Manual Training School and Gymnasium (1895-1900) $200,000, endowment (I902) $400,000, and additional funds for the maintenance of the school from its opening in 1896, $50,000; Hackley Park and endowment (1890) $60,ooo; Soldiers and Sailors Monument (1889) $27,0oo; statues of Lincoln, Grant, Sherman and Farragut (1898) $26,000; statue of Phil Kearney (1901) $5,ooo; statue of William McKinley (1902) $15,000; Home of the Friendless, endowment (1902) $25,000; Hackley Hospital and endowment (I902) $340,ooo; Athletic Field for High School (I902) $5,000: First Congregational Church, debt, $6,525. This makes a grand total of $1,389,525. At his death Mr. Hackley left an estate estimated at $9,ooo,ooo, and his will contained additional specific bequests aggregating $775,000; these include additional endowment for the Hackley Manual Training School amounting to $210,000; additional endowment for the Hackley Hospital, $200,000; additional endowment for the Hackley Public Library, $200,ooo; fund for the purchase of pictures of the Hackley Library, $150o,ooo; and a bequest to the Muskegon Humane Union, $I5,000. These sums designated in the will increased the total of Mr. Hackley's direct gifts to the people of Muskegon to the splendid sum of $2,I64,525. At the death of Mrs. Hackley a sum aggregating $2,00o0,00o became a trust fund, income to be applied perpetually to the maintenance and enlargement of the Hackley Public Library, the Hackley Manual Training School and to other charitable purposes. Thus, speaking in terms of figures and material means and without attempting to estimate the broad and beneficent results that have already issued from the career of Mr. Hackley and will continue a forceful stream of benevolence for all time, the total sum that has so far been placed at the disposal of Muskegon's institutions is more than four milllions of dollars. Many thousands of people who never knew Mr. Hackley in his lifetime, have proved their gratitude to him by use and enjoyment of his benevolences, and the influence of his career is beyond all human computation. The late Mr. Hackley was married in I864 to Julia E. Moore of Centreville, New York. They had no children of their own, but adopted and reared two in their home. It was through his business that Mr. Hackley best served the public, yet at the same time he was not without a share in the public distinction which naturally comes to a man of his standing, though he was always averse to official preferment and accepted office only from a sense of obligation to party or community. He was an active Republican, and in I874 served as treasurer of Muskecon countv, and in the city of Muskegon was an alderman and a member of the board of public works; and also for many years on the board of educa

Page  1938 1938 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN tion, having been its president from 1892 until his death in 1905. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention at Minneapolis in I892, and to that in St. Louis in I896. In 1894 Mr. Hackley was elected a member of the board of regents of the University of Michigan, but on account of his ill health resigned on the day his term of office began. THOMAS HUME. A Michigan lumberman whose name is one of the best known in that industry in the state, Thomas Hume was an Irish boy who sought his opportunities in America, finding work in the lumber woods of western Michigan, and in a few years rose through the successive grades of service and became an independent operator. Thomas Hume was born in County Down, Ireland, June 15, 1848. His parents were William and Mary Ann (Bailie) Hume, farming people who reared a family of eight children, four of whom were sons. Thomas Hume was the oldest son and the second child. As a boy he attended the Royal Belfast Academical Institution of Belfast, and at the age of fourteen was apprenticed to the wholesale and retail firm of John Stevenson, dealers in hardware and groceries at Dungannon. This apprenticeship was for a term of six years, and no salary was attached to it except his keep. At the end of two years he was put in the office of cashier, and later became buyer and stock keeper. When his apprenticeship was finished he continued with the firm until his emigration to America, his salary ranging from $I25 to $300 a year, besides board and lodging. Some young men might have been satisfied with the prospects ahead of him, but Mr. Hume could not see it that way. In May, I870, he took passage for America, and was landed at Quebec on the seventeenth day of the same month. Some relatives lived in Marshall, Michigan, and he made his way to that city. Their advice and information that men were needed at Muskegon brought him to the city which has ever since been his home and business headquarters. His first work was as a tallyman for George R. Selkirk. In the fall of the same year he went into the woods, and scaled logs for 0. P. Pillsbury and Company. The next summer was spent with the firm of Montague and Hamilton, lumber inspectors of Muskegon, and his work was that of inspector. In the fall of 1872, he entered the firm of Hackley and McGordon as bookkeeper. At that time it may be said that his real upward progress began. His services were with Hackley & McGordon for nearly nine years, until June I88I. At that time he and C. H. Hackley purchased the interest of Mr. McGordon in the two firms of Hackley & McGordon and C. H. Hackley & Company. The firm of Hackley & Hume then succeeded the first named firm and on the death of Porter Hackley of C. H. Hackley & Company, the business of both houses was consolidated under the name of Hackley & Hume. That firm name for twenty-five years or more has had a reputation second to none in the country, and is still in existence, though the business is now being closed up. Their interests at one time embraced the ownership of three hundred thousand acres of southern timber land, located in the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina, in addition to the large manufacturing plant at Muskegon. They are also large stock holders in the Itasca Lumber Company of Minneapolis. In this company and among many others, Mr. Hume has held various offices. At the present time he is president of the Itasca Lumber Company, is president of the Amazon Knitting Company, president of the ChaseHackley Piano Company, treasurer of the Standard Malleable Iron Company, president of the Alaska Refrigerator Company, president of the Sargent Manufacturing Company, vice president of the Shaw Electric

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Page  1939 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1939 Crane Company, vice president of the National Lumbermen's Bank and president of the Hackley National Bank of Muskegon. Mr. Charles H. Hackley, his partner, died February Io, 1905, and Mr. Hume is one of the executors of the Hackley estate, and is still engaged in winding up the business of the firm of Hackley & Hume. At this writing Mr. Hume is also president of the Hume-Bennett Lumber Company, whose operations are carried on in the state of California, where they have large tracts of timber in Fresno county. His sons, Thomas H. and George A., are both associated with him in business under the firm name of Thomas Hume & Company. His son George A. Hume and George Hefferan of Grand Rapids are also associated with Thomas Hume under the name, Hume, Hefferan & Company, and under this title are transacting a big business in timber lands in different parts of the United States. Mr. Hume married at Marshall, Michigan, June 22, 1873, Miss Margaret A. Banks, a daughter of Major Banks of that city. To their union have been born seven children, namely: Margaret B.; Helen M.; Annie E., deceased; George Alexander; Florence V.; Constance; and Thomas Hackley. Mr. Hume is a vestryman in St. Paul's Episcopal church at Muskegon, and in politics is a Republican. ALBERT R. SCHNEIDER. The building trades have developed many special departments of labor, and some of the business organizations representing the highest trained efficiency, equipment and working staff and capital have been built up to supply a service for each one of these departments. The Schneider Bros. of Detroit, of which Albert R. Schneider is the head, specialize in plastering and all kinds of interior and exterior decorating work, and as contractors in this line are one of the largest firms in the state and have almost unlimited experience, resources and labor to perform any contract of any magnitude of this kind. Albert R. Schneider is a native of Detroit, born February 28, I877. His parents are Charles G. and Mary L. (Holsworth) Schneider. His father a native of Michigan and his mother in Ohio. The business of his father has always been in the handling and expert management of the horses for various large firms, and for some time the family lived in the lumber regions of Michigan, where he had charge of all the horses used by the lumber company in its various departments. Both parents are still living at Detroit. Albert R. Schneider after leaving Detroit public schools began an apprenticeship at the plasterer's trade, and altogether spent eleven years as apprentice, journeyman and occasionally an independent worker in different cities of the country. In 1905 Mr. Schneider began contracting under his own name at Detroit, and a few years later became junior member of the contracting firm of Austin & Schneider. Two years later Mr. Austin left the firm, and for the following year Mr. Schneider continued the business again under his own name, and then established Schneider Bros. by admitting his younger brother, C. W. Schneider. Schneider Bros. take all kinds of contracts for interior and exterior, plain and ornamental plastering, and some of the large contracts executed since Mr. Schneider began an independent business are the following: Elliott, Taylor & Wolfenden Company's department store on Woodward avenue; the Owen building at Gratiot and Brush; the Telegraph building at Congress and Shelby; the Dodge Bros. plant, and many other contracts worth thousands of dollars in and about Detroit. Mr. A. R. Schneider is a member and for 1914 on the board of directors of the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange, belongs to the National Union, is a member of the Master Plasterers Association, of which he is treasurer and a delegate from that association, and a member

Page  1940 1940 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN of the executive board of the Builders and Traders Exchange. He has been one of the leading men in the Detroit Exchange for several years. His church is the Presbyterian. At one time Mr. Schneider was a member of the old Scott Guards, and at the same time was captain, of an independent military company. He was in a volunteer regiment about the beginning of the SpanishAmerican war and then became a regular as member of Company B of the Nineteenth Regiment of United States Infantry, enlisting at Fort Wayne at the beginning of the war. He saw service on the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico, and after his discharge resumed business activities in Detroit. Mr. Schneider married Mabel Irene Corston of Detroit, daughter of the late Charles Corston, a painter and decorator. Their children are: Gloria and Truman Hendrie Schneider. G. G. GOODRICH. One of the oldest and best known business men of St. Charles, where he has been identified with the jewelry trade for nearly forty years and has held all the important local positions of trust and responsibilities, Mr. Goodrich is a successful example of the selfmade man. Wihen he was twelve years old he was thrown on his own resources and was employed at any honest labor that he could find until he could get his real start in life. His birth occurred in New York City, October I6, 1847, and he is the only survivor and the youngest of a family of eight children whose parents were E. A. and Angeline (Lloyd) Goodrich. The father, also a native of New York, was descended from a family that came from Wales, and one of his ancestors fought on the American side in the Revolutionary war. The father became an expert cabinet maker and furniture manufacturer, and from New York City moved to Washington county, New York, where he died in I856 at the age of sixty-seven years. The mother, also of English descent, was born in New York State, and died in New York City in 1847, soon after the birth of her last child, the St. Charles business man. The latter was able to attend school in New York City only until he was about twelve years of age and then went to work in a store. At the age of sixteen he began learning the jeweler's trade, and his apprenticeship was interrupted by his service as a Union soldier. He went out in I864 with the Twelfth New Jersey Infantry, in Company D and was a fighter in the ranks for fourteen months. After his honorable discharge he returned home and finished his apprenticeship at the jeweler's and watchmaker's trade. In I875 Mr. Goodrich located at St. Charles, Michigan, where he established himself in business and his jewelry store is the oldest and most popular establishment of its kind in that village. During his residence there his fellow citizens have honored him with many positions in the village, and he has served as president, clerk, supervisor and many other positions. Mr. Goodrich is a Mason and a Maccabee, and in religion worships with the Episcopal faith. At Bay City, Michigan, on June 30, 1875, occurred his marriage with Miss Dora Blackman. She died at St. Charles in I9oi. Her father was Horace Blackman. To the marriage were born three children as follows: Mrs. Lizzie Rowley, who was born at St. Charles, and is the mother of two children, Florence and William. Fred E. Goodrich, born at St. Charles, and now in partnership with his father, has one child, John B. Mrs. Angie McEwen, born at St. Charles, where she still lives, has one child, Ellen McEwen. CHARLES CLARK HOPKINS. Having the distinction of being the first and only clerk as now constituted of the Supreme Court of Michigan, Charles Clark Hopkins has also the remarkable record of having served in this capacity for a period of more than thirty-two years, and there is,

Page  1941 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1941 probably, no better known figure in legal circles of the state today. Educated for the legal profession, he served in several offices until his appointment to his present position in I882, and since that time has devoted himself to the duties of his office, his record being one that in years to come will be found hard to equal. Mr. Hopkins was born on his father's farm in White Lake township, Oakland county, Michigan, April 4, I849, and is a son of the late Erastus and Climene (Clark) Hopkins, early Michigan pioneers. Mr. Hopkins' ancestors came from Coventry, England, where the family was prominent, one member, William Hopkins, Jr., having been mayor of Coventry in I564, while his brothers, Richard and Nicholas, were sheriffis of the same town in I554 and 1561, respectively. Richard had two sons: Sampson, his heir, and William, proprietor of the lordship of Shortley. Sampson, who was mayor in I609, had three sons: Sir Richard, Sir William and Sampson, the last-named of whom was mayor of Coventry in 1640. The eldest of these three sons became eminent at the bar, attained the rank of Sergeant at Law, was steward of Coventry, and represented the city in the Parliament at the Restoration. Their estates, by inter-marriage, passed to General Northey in I799, and he assumed the surname of Hopkins and arms of the family upon inheriting the estates of his maternal ancestor, and was known as Northey Hopkins, of Oving House. The early Hopkinses were among the earliest settlers in Connecticut colony. One of this family, John Hopkins, progenitor of the line of Charles Clark Hopkins, came to America in I634. and settled first at Cambridge. From that point he removed to the new colony of Hartford and the colonial records tell of John Hopkins being the original owner of lands then settled. The line of descent from John Hopkins to Erastus, father of Charles Clark Hopkins, is as follows: John Hopkins, who was made a freeman of Cambridge, March 4, i635, removed to Hartford the same year and died in I654, leaving a widow and two children, one of whom, Stephen, born in i634, married Dorcas, a daughter of John Bronson. He died in October, I689, leaving six children. His eldest son, John, had eight children, one of whom, Samuel, was a graduate of Yale in 1718, and for some time a minister of WXest Springfield, Massachusetts. Another son, Timothy, was the father of Samuel Hopkins, the celebrated divine who founded the Hopkinsian School of Theology and was the author of several well-known works and a prominent character in Mrs. Stowe's "Minister's Wooing." President Mark Hopkins, of Williams College, was of the same family. Another son was Consider, who died in I776, leaving a family of five children. One of the sons, Consider, Jr., was born at West Hartford, in June, i723, served in the Continental army, and died in Saratoga county, New York, in I795. He was the father of Mark Hopkins, the grandfather of Charles Clark Hopkins. Three uncles of Mark Hopkins were in the Continental army. One was captured by the British and was starved to death on the Jersey Prison Ship, in New York harbor, and another was killed by Tory "Cow Boys" while home on furlough. Erastus Hopkins, the father of Charles Clark Hopkins, was born at Paris, Oneida county, New York, August I6, 1804, and came from Steuben county, New York, to Michigan in 1833, located land in Oakland county, and in I834 brought his family out, making the entire journey in an immigrant wagon. He cleared a farm in the wilderness and lived to see the entire country around settled, remaining upon the farm until his death in 1876. His first wife was Lydia Parker, whom he married in Oneida county, New York, and who lived only a year and one-half after the family came to Michigan. There were five sons born to this marriage,. two of whom died in infancy and the remaining three were William W.,

Page  1942 1942 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Ralph W., and Dan G. William W., and Dan G., served in the Civil war, the last-named being mortally wounded at the battle of South Mountain, Maryland. The second marriage of Erastus Hopkins was to Climene Clark, who died in 1864, leaving three children, George H., Lydia C. and Charles Clark. Charles Clark Hopkins was reared on the home farm and attended the district schools during his youth. In I867 he entered the State Normal school, spending a portion of his time on the farm and a part in teaching, and graduated in the class of 1872, at once becoming principal of the Rockland (Michigan) Union School, where he remained two years. The summer vacation of 1873 was spent in surveying a section of the United States military road from Fort Howard, Green Bay, to Fort Wilkins, Copper Harbor. In the fall of 1874 Mr. Hopkins entered the law department of the University of Michigan, from which he was graduated in 1876, and during the legislative session of 1875 was clerk of the house judiciary committee, and in 1877 clerk of the senate judiciary committee. In I879 and again in i88I he was assistant secretary of the senate. In the meantime, in 1876, Mr. Hopkins had been' admitted to the bar, and was engaged in the practice of his calling at Detroit until January, 1882, when, the Supreme Court having been empowered by the adoption of a constitutional amendment to appoint its own clerk, Mr. Hopkins was appointed to the position, which he has continued to fill to the present time, as before stated. In i88o Mr. Hopkins married Clara J. Potter, who was born at Enfield, Massachusetts, daughter of Nathan D. and Mary (Clark) Potter. Mrs. Hopkins was graduated from Abbott Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, class of 1878. To Mr. and Mrs. Hopkins the following children have been born: Edward Potter, born September 2I, I88I, graduated from the University of Michigan, class of 1903, with Bachelor of Arts degree, now holding the position of state bank examiner of Michigan, with residence at Charlotte; George Hayes, born September II, I884, graduated from the University of Michigan, class of 1907, with Bachelor of Sciences degree, taking special work in marine engineering; Charles C., Jr. who died aged one and one-half years; and Carroll Lyman, born December 23, I892, graduated from Amherst College in 1913, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Mr. Hopkins is a member of the Phi Delta Phi, the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution and of the University Club, of Detroit. FRED. H. PRATT. The legal profession in Grand Traverse county has as one of its representative members Fred. Howard Pratt, who is engaged in successful practice at Traverse City, the judicial center and fair metropolis of the county, and whose ability and personal popularity is attested by the fact that he served ten consecutive years as prosecuting attorney of the county, a record that has had no parallel in the history of the county. Further interest attaches to his career by reason of his being a scion, in the third generation, of a family that was founded in Michigan three years prior to its admission to statehood, and the name has thus been worthily linked with the annals of this commonwealth since the territorial days. In addition to controlling a substantial professional business Mr. Pratt has wielded much influence in progressive enterprise as a dealer in real estate, and he has also an excellent business as an insurance underwriter. Mr. Pratt was born on the old homestead farm of his father, in Deerfield township, Livingston county, Michigan, and the date of his nativity was May I8, I868. He is a son of James Allen Pratt and Elizabeth (McKane) Pratt, the former of whom was born in Livingston county, this State, on the I5th of September, I84I, and the latter of whom was born

Page  1943 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1943 in Ireland, on the I8th of February, I843. The paternal grandparents, James and Clarissa (Thompson) Pratt, came from the State of New York to Michigan in I834, and first settled on a tract of wild land in Washtenaw county. After perfecting his title to this property James Pratt sold the same and in 1837, the year that marked the admission of Michigan as one of the sovereign States of the Union, he entered claim to a large tract of land in Livingston county, where he reclaimed from the virgin forest a productive farm and where both he and his wife passed the residue of their lives, honored as sterling pioneers of the State. The subject of this review was born on the old homestead farm of his grandfather, and the place is endeared to him by many hallowed memories and associations. James A. Pratt was reared to manhood in Livingston county, under the conditions and influences of the pioneer days, and there his early educational privileges were those afforded in the somewhat primitive schools of the period. In his native county he was actively identified with the great basic industry of agriculture during the entire course of his active career, and on his farm he also conducted for many years a popular wayside tavern, the locality being known as Pratt's Corners. He became one of the substantial farmers and influential citizens of Livingston county, was a staunch adherent and active supporter of the Republican party and was called upon to serve in various township offices. He passed the closing years of his life in the village of Fenton, Livingston county, where he died on the 9th of June, 1907, and where his memory is held in lasting honor by all who knew him. His widow now resides with her only daughter, in the city of Los Angeles, California, but, though venerable in years, she comes each summer to Michigan, to pass the season with her two sons and to renew the tender associations of past years, for she likewise is a representative of one of the early pioneer families of this State. Of the three children the eldest is Edwin, who is successfully engaged in the general merchandise business at East Cohoctah, Livingston county; Fred. H. was the second in order of birth; and Clarabell is the wife of John Adams, of Los Angeles, California. Fred. H. Pratt acquired his preliminary educational discipline in the public schools of the village of Fenton, and in preparing for the work of his chosen profession he located in Traverse City, where he began the study of law in the office and under the preceptorship of the well known and prominent firm of Pratt & Davis, his uncle, the late Edwin S. Pratt having been the senior member of the firm and Harry C. Davis the junior member. Under these conditions Mr. Pratt continued his technical reading until he entered the law department of the University of Michigan, in which he ivas graduated as a member of the class of 1895 and from which he received his degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was forthwith admitted to the bar of his native State and he initiated the practice of his profession as junior member of the firm of Pratt & Davis, in Traverse City, his honored preceptors continuing their alliance with him until the death of his uncle, the senior member of the firm, in June, I9I1, since which time he has conducted an individual practice of representative order. Mr. Pratt has appeared in connection with much important litigation in Grand Traverse county, both in private practice and while representing the county as its prosecuting attorney. As previously stated, he conducts also a profitable real-estate and insurance business, and his realestate dealings are largely confined to the handling of his own properties. He is the owner of several farms in Grand Traverse county, as well as valuable business and residence property in Traverse City, where his own residence is one of the attractive homes of the city. Mr. Pratt is a member of the Grand Traverse County Bar Association and in politics he has given yeoman service in behalf of the cause of the Republican party. He served two terms as circuit-court commissioner

Page  1944 1944 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN of his county and five successive terms as prosecuting attorney, this decade of consecutive incumbency of this important office having, as already intimated, broken all records in connection with the history of the position in the county, both before and since his retirement, after having made a record that indicated fully his fine professional ability and that proved of great benefit to the county. Mr. Pratt is a Knight Templar Mason and is affiliated also with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, the Knights of the Modern Maccabees and the Independent Order of Foresters. His chief diversion is in the driving of standard-bred horses, and he is the owner of several fine specimens at the present time, the while he finds special pleasure in attending the well ordered racing events in his home county and other parts of the State. At Fenton, Livingston county, on the 27th of June, 90oo, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Pratt to Miss Rose B. Leonard, a schoolmate and friend of his youth. She was born and reared at Fenton and is a woman of culture and most gracious personality-a popular factor in the leading social activities of Traverse City, where she is a popular member of the Library Club and the Woman's Club. Mr. and Mrs. Pratt have one son, Leonard Allen, who was born on the 23rd of January, 1902. PAUL L. GUGEL. Every community has its men of leadership, those who have won the honors and responsibilities which go with success. In the thriving village of Frankenmuth two such men are the Gugel brothers, George Frederick and Paul L., dealers in general merchandise, dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, furniture, hardware, a meat market, and other lines. Their joint business, established in I888, has completed its quarter century of prosperous existence, is the largest concern of its kind in Frankenmuth and vicinity, and is distinctly creditable to the ability and enterprise that created it. Paul L. Gugel was born in Frankenmuth township of Saginaw county, December 7, I86I, a son of John M., Sr., and Barbara (Bernthal) Gugel. The father was born in Rossthal, Germany, and the mother in the same place. The father during the latter forties settled in Irankenmuth township of Saginaw county, where his marriage occurred. A farmer by occupation, he started out as clerk in the store of John G. Hubinger, and remained for twelve years, investing his earnings in the rich lands of Frankenmuth township, and for a number of years combining the vocations of clerk and farming. He was a Democrat, very prominent in his locality, served thirteen years as supervisor, many years as school director, and always bore more than his full share of the responsibilities and obligations of community life. His death occurred in I891 at the age of sixtytwo years. He was three times married, had eight children by the first wife, two by the second, and four step-children by the third. Paul L. Gugel, who was the fourth among the children, was educated in the parochial schools of Frankenmuth township, leaving school when fourteen years of age, and from that time until reaching his majority, faithfully assisted his father on the home farm. His career as a merchant may be said to have begun in his twenty-second year, when he accepted a clerkship in the store of Hubinger Brothers at Frankenmuth. His experience with that firm enabled him in I888 to start for himself. In that vear was formed the partnership with his older brother Fred, and in a modest way they began dealing in a general stock of merchandise. Both brothers had a large circle of acquaintances, and by their previous record had acquired the confidence and esteem of the community, so that almost from the start they prospered, discounted their bills regularly, and inside of ten years they had a store second to none of its kind outside of the city of Saginaw.

Page  1945 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1945 The pleasant partnership relations of the brothers are not confined to the store, and both, believing in the future growth and increasing values of the country, have become joint owners of a splendid tract of sixty acres of fine woodland in Saginaw county at Birch Run. They are also jointly interested in the larger flouring mills of the township, the Star of the West Mills, of one hundred and twenty-five barrels capacity. Paul L. is treasurer and director of this milling company, also a director in the State Bank of Frankenmuth, for a good many years treasurer of School District No. I, village of Frankenmuth, and for many years treasurer of the Frankenmuth Cheese Manufacturing Company. The Gugel Brothers' store gives steady employment to eight clerks and assistants. Mr. Gugel and family are active members of the St. Lorenz German Lutheran church. In October, 1887, occurred his marriage with Miss Anna Barbara Jordan, who was born in Frankenmuth, a daughter of Frederick Jordan, now deceased, but who was a pioneer settler, and for many years one of the leading farmer citizens of Frankenmuth township: To their marriage have been born six children: Walter Gugel, now twenty-five years of age, is a clerk in the employ of his father and uncle; Ernest Gugel, aged twenty-three, is a teacher at Harbor Beach; Louise, aged twenty-two; Alma, aged twenty-one; Martha, aged seventeen; Lorenz, aged fourteen. All the children were reared in a cultured home and received the benefit of excellent schooling in this community. GEO. F. GUGEL. The older of the Gugel brothers, Geo. F. practically grew up at Frankenmuth, and at the age of twenty years he learned the carpenter trade. He is a business man from the ground up, and his experience and ability have been an important factor in the success of the general merchandise house of the brothers. Geo. F. Gugel was born in Frankenmuth, September 27, I859, and the principal fact concerning his family and its pioneer relations with the Saginaw Valley are given in the preceding sketch of his brother, Paul L. Educated in the schools of Frankenmuth, Geo. F. Gugel remained at home and assisted his father on the farm until he was twenty years of age. His first training was for the trade of carpenter, and that was pursued during the summer months, while during the winter, he found ready employment at the door and sash factory of the Neuchterline Brothers at Frankenmuth. He thus was well fortified in his early preparation, mastered the carpenter's trade, had all the work he could attend to in that line, and at the same time was getting a close and proficient knowledge of merchandising. Thus in I888 he was ready to join his brother, Paul, and take into the firm more than his share of the capital, since he thoroughly understood trade conditions in this vicinity, and was practically assured of a large patronage among his former customers and friends. For the past twenty-five years the brothers have worked side by side, and are now regarded as the leading business men, in this locality. Geo. F. Gugel and family are members of the Lutheran church at Frankenmuth. He was married in I885 to Miss Johanna Jordan, who is a sister of Mrs. Paul L. Gugel. They are the parents of four children: Otto Gugel, who clerks in the Gugel Brothers' store; Johanna; Ludwig, bookkeeper in the Bank of Saginaw; and Rudolf Gugel, a student in the Bliss-Alger College of Saginaw. These children have been well educated, and have already taken or are preparing to take creditable positions in the world. GEORGE HARGREAVES, JR. Prominent among the manufacturers of Detroit is found George Hargreaves, Jr., who is closely identified with

Page  1946 1946 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the industrial interests of Michigan as superintendent of the Detroit plant of the Railway Steel Spring Company. Mr. Hargreaves is a native of England, having been born in Staffordshire, March 12, 1852, a son of the late Thomas and Dinah (Lawton) Hargreaves, well-known citizens of Detroit for a number of years, and both now deceased. The parents of Mr. Hargreaves were born in England, and the family came to the United States in 1872, locating immediately in Detroit, where the father purchased a home on the corner of Lafayette avenue and Fifteenth street. He was an iron and steel worker by trade and worked at that vocation in Detroit until 1876, then moving to Cincinnati, Ohio, to which city the son, George, had previously gone. In 1884 the parents went to San Jose, California, where they spent about six years, then returning to Detroit. During the last fifteen years of his active life, Thomas Hargreaves was superintendent of iron and steel plants and for seven years was superintendent of the Swift Rolling Mills Company, at Newport, Kentucky. He was earnestly and actively interested in church work as an official member of the Preston Methodist Church of Detroit, was for many years leader of the Young People's Christian Endeavor Society, connected with that church, and a memorial window to his memory in that direction was placed in the church by that society. Mr. Hargreaves died at Detroit in I901, Mrs. Hargreaves preceding him by one and onehalf years. George Hargreaves, Jr., received his education in the commercial school at Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, and then served an apprenticeship at the iron and steel plant at that place. He came with his parents to the United States in 1872, and in Detroit became identified with the firm of George Hargreaves & Brother, large picture frame manufacturers. In 1873 he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where during the next thirteen years he was connected with the Globe Rolling Mills Company, but in I886 returned to Detroit to become roll designer and consulting engineer of the Detroit Steel and Spring Company, the Eureka Iron and Steel Company, the Baugh Steam Forge Company and the Toledo (Ohio) Rolling Mill Company, all of which positions he held simultaneously until I890. In that year he became superintendent of the rolling mill department of the Detroit Steel and Spring Company, and held the same position until the company was merged with the Railway Spring Company in 1902, since which year he has been superintendent of the Detroit plant of that corporation. He is also a director of the Lewis Spring and Axle Company of Jackson, Michigan. Mr. Hargreaves has followed music semi-professionally and as a recreation, having held positions in various churches as church organist at Cincinnati, Ohio, and Detroit, and was also identified with the May Festival Association of Cincinnati, Ohio, for nine years. He was organist of the Michigan Sovereign consistory of Detroit for nine years. Like his father he has been interested in church work, being a member of the Episcopal faith. He is well known in Masonic circles, having attained to the thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite, and also holds membership in the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Motor Boat Club and the Fellowcraft Club. In 1874 he was married to Miss Mary E. Bryan, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and they have the following children: Charles H., Fannie L. and Rachel, who married S. D. Campbell. HARVEY JONES CAMPBELL. Among the men of Benton Harbor who have attained prominence because of their activities in the business and official life of the city, Harvey Jones Campbell is deserving of more than ordinary mention, for he has been identified with the business interests of this place since the year 900o, and is serving in the capacity of post

Page  1947 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1947 master at the present time. Mr. Campbell's desire to be always doing something for the city of his adoption has made him very favorably considered by the people of this thriving Michigan community, and at all times he has given to his official duties the same conscientious attention which characterized his business career and brought him success therein. Mr. Campbell is a native of Missouri, born at Rock House Prairie, near the city of St. Joseph, December I8, 1854, and is a son of the late Charles W. and Sarah (Jones) Campbell, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Missouri. The grandfather of Mr. Campbell, Thomas Boyle Campbell, was born in Scotland and brought to America when a child of three years, the family locating at Winchester, Virginia. The maternal grandfather of Harvey J. Campbell was William Jones, a native of North Carolina, who became an early settler of Missouri, the mother of Mr. Campbell being born near Liberty, Ray county, that state. In 1844 Charles W. Campbell removed from his Virginia home to St. Joseph, Missouri, where he was for many years engaged in the dry goods business, and where two of his sons are still engaged in the wholesale trade in the same line. He became a successful merchant, displaying far more than ordinary ability in his transactions, and was also known as a public-spirited citizen. He died at his winter home in Florida, in I904, and there Mrs. Campbell also passed away. Harvey Jones Campbell was reared in the city of St. Joseph, Missouri, and there he attended the public schools, graduating from the high school with a good student record. In 1872 he entered upon his business career in a dry goods business, continuing until I898, in which year he removed to St. Paul, Minnesota. Mr. Campbell came to Benton Harbor in 1900, to establish the manufactory of the John V. Farwell Company, and continued to be identified with that enterprise until his appointment to the office of postmaster, February 2, 1913. For a number of years Mr. Campbell has taken an active part in the activities of the Democratic party, serving for a long period as chairman of the Democratic central committee. While he was an applicant for the appointment as postmaster and had good backing, his appointment was in the nature of a personal one from President Wilson, who asked the appointment from the Postoffice Department. Mr. Campbell took charge of the office March I, I913, and since that time through his energetic labors has been able to accomplish much for the good of the service. He has always had the capacity for gathering about him men of force of character who are capable of accomplishing things, and in this much of Mr. Campbell's success lies. Recognized as one of his city's leading men, in I914 he was made president of the board of trustees of the Benton Harbor Public Library. Mr. Campbell married Mary Brown Denney, of Winchester, Virginia, who was born there, a member of the distinguished family of that name. Her father, Col. William R. Denney, was a Confederate officer during the Civil War and one of the captors of John Brown, at Harper's Ferry; and subsequently was one of the charterers of the vessel which took abroad Mark Twain and his "Innocents," out of which voyage grew that author's famous "Innocents Abroad," Colonel Denney being the original from whom was drawn the character of "the Colonel." A brother of Mrs. Campbell is Bishop Collins Denney, of the Southern Methodist church, a graduate of Princeton University and an intimate friend of President Woodrow Wilson. Mrs. Campbell is widely known in social circles of Benton Harbor, having formerly been secretary of the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution and three years state secretary, and now serving her second term as regent of the Michigan State Society. Mr. Campbell, who is also widely and favorably known

Page  1948 1948 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN in the city, is a member of the Missouri Society, Sons of the American Revolution, his military ancestor having been Daniel Donnell, of North Carolina. ARTHUR VON SCHLEGELL, of Detroit, general manager of the Michigan State Telephone Company, is the most conspicuous figure in the telephone field of Michigan today. He has been identified with this line of business during the past twenty years, during which period he has steadily worked his way up from the bottom of the ladder until he is now the recognized local head of the largest telephone system in the state. Mr. von Schlegell was born at St. Louis, Missouri, December I5, I872, and is a son of Lieutenant and Marie (Muller) von Schlegell. The family has been prominent in Germany for many generations. His grandfather was for years commander of the military school at Potsdam, Germany, while Lieutenant von Schlegell was an officer in Franz Joseph's Grenadiers of Prussia. Lieutenant von Schlegell and his wife came to the United States in I870, locating first at St. Louis, and a few years later removed to Minneapolis, where the father became prominent as a member of the bar and served as judge of the probate court. Arthur von Schlegell was graduated from the Minneapolis High school and matriculated for the University of Minnesota, but did not enter that institution, preferring to enter at once upon his career. For two years he served as deputy clerk of the probate court, and the following three years were passed as a clerk in the National Bank of Commerce, at Minneapolis, succeeding which he became identified with street railways, first with the construction and maintenance department of the St. Iouis Street Railway Company and later with the operating department of the Minneapolis Street Railway Company, being engaged with each line for about one year. During the early 'nineties, Mr. von Schlegell entered the telephone field, in Minnesota, and in I895 became contract agent for the Northwestern Telephone Company, at Minneapolis. His success in this line gained him promotion after promotion, and in I907 he came to Michigan to accept the position of general contract superintendent of the Michigan Telephone Company, which, in I9Io, became a subsidiary of the American Telephone Company and Telegraph Company, and shortly afterwards one of five companies operated as the central group of Bell Telephone Companies, and one of the territorial units of the Bell System. Mr. von Schlegell's position then became that of general commercial superintendent of the Michigan State Telephone Company, the Wisconsin Telephone Company, the Cleveland Telephone Company and the Central Union Telephone Company. In I912 there occurred a reorganization of the Michigan State Telephone Company and Mr. von Schlegell was made general manager, a position which he still retains, being also president of the Cheboygan Telephone Company and vice president of the Lenawee County Telephone Company. He is an active member of the Detroit Board of Commerce and belongs to the Detroit, Fellowcraft Club and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. On April 3, I892, Mr. von Schlegell was married to Miss Grace Laraway, of Minneapolis, and to them there has been born one daughter: Abby Elise. HON. GRANT FELLOWS. Long accounted one of Michigan's most eminent legists, Hon. Grant Fellows, attorney general of the state, is also known as a dominant factor in Republican politics. He is a product of the farm, having been born on his father's homestead in Hudson town

Page  1949 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1949 ship, Lenawee county, Michigan, April I3, 1865, and is a son of Nelson and Sarah M. (Perry) Fellows. Abel Perry, the grandfather of Grant Fellows, was a descendant of John Perry, of Waterford, who founded the family in America in I78o. The grandfather came to Michigan from New York in 1838 and settled in Medina township, Lenawee county, and there spent the remainder of his life. Nelson Fellows was a native of the Empire state, and came to Michigan in 1835, two years prior to this state's admission to the Union. Settling on land in Medina township, Lenawee county, which he had secured from the Government, he engaged in agricultural pursuits in that and Hudson townships, and passed away after an honorable and successful career, in I876, aged fifty-seven years. The mother of Grant Fellows was also a New Yorker and belonged to the same family which gave to the United States Commodore Perry, who won imperishable fame in the War of 1812. She died in 1898, when seventy-nine years of age. Grant Fellows received his early education in the district schools of Hudson township and the high school at Hudson, and following some preparation entered the practice of law, being admitted to the bar December I, I886. He has since engaged in the practice of his calling, and since I890 has been senior member of the law firm of Fellows & Candler, accounted one of the strongest legal combinations in the state. From 1911 until his election to the attorney generalship, Mr. Fellows was a member of the Michigan State Board of Law Examiners. He has been actively identified with the Republican party since attaining his majority, and his services as an orator have been in great demand during numerous campaigns. Mr. Fellows was nominated for the office of attorney general at the Republican state convention held at Detroit, September 24, 1912, and at the following election was sent to that office by the voters of Michigan. One of the most capable of the state officials, his record has been one of steadfast loyalty to the interests of the commonwealth, and his achievements have been such as to place his name prominently among those of Michigan's foremost and most useful men in public life. Mr. Fellows belongs to the various organizations of his profession, and is also prominent in fraternal circles, belonging to the Masons, in which he has attained the Knight Templar degree, Adrian Lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and Hudson Lodge, Knights of Pythias. DUDLEY M. WELLS. Since I879 Mr. Wells has been in the active and successful practice of his profession as a lawyer, for a number of years at Coldwater and later at Adrian. While he has not confined all his attention to one branch of the law, it is in criminal practice that he has gained his chief reputation, and as a criminal lawyer is regarded as one of the ablest and most successful in the southern part of the state. D. M. Wells was born at Blissfield, Michigan, September 20, 1852, a son of Marvin B. and Harriet (Dunton) Wells. His father, born in Monroe county, in I826, was a member of a pioneer family in southeastern Michigan. He followed the vocation of farming and died in I863. His wife, born in Monroe county in I833, and also of an old family in the state now lives at Coldwater. After the death of her first husband she married William J. Peters, in I875. Mr. Peters, who was a farmer, died in I889. Her only child is the Adrian lawyer. D. M. Wells grew up on a farm, was educated in the common schools at Blissfield, and also the high school at Reading. After graduating in I875 from the high school he spent two terms in teaching, entered the law department of the University of Michigan, and was graduated LL. B. in I879. In the same year he was admitted to practice before the supreme Vol. IV —13

Page  1950 1950 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN court of Michigan, and in I902 was admitted to practice in the Federal courts. Mr. Wells began his career in Coldwater, Michigan, in I879, and in a few years had gained a place among the leading lawyers of the bar who have long had a high reputation for ability in the southern section of the state. His practice at Coldwater continued until I902, since which year he has been identified with Adrian. At Montgomery, in Hillsdale county, Michigan, May 25, 1878, Mr. Wells married Miss Hattie Thompson, a daughter of Hiram Thompson, a farmer in Hillsdale county. Mr. and Mrs. Wells have only one child, Bertha H., whose husband, Emil Huhn, is a plumber by trade, but is best known among the thousands as catcher in the Adrian ball club. Mr. Wells and family worship in the Methodist church, in politics he is a Progressive Republican, and his record of public service includes two terms in the city council at Coldwater, and two terms as circuit court commissioner in that city. During his early residence in Coldwater he was for one year a member of the Coldwater Light Guards. Mr. Wells still owns residence property in Coldwater. For his recreation he is partial to travel, but enjoys all outdoor sports, fishing being his special delight. LEVI C. ANNIS, M. D. A physician and surgeon who has done a quiet but efficient work as a rural practitioner in Kent county, and whose home is at Cedar Springs, Levi C. Annis graduated from medical school a number of years ago, and has enjoyed success as a physician and high standing as a citizen. Levi C. Annis was born January 27, 1864, at Lindsay, Ontario, a son of David and Julia A. (Clark) Annis. His father, who was born December II, 1842, is a successful farmer, and still lives at Lindsay. The grandfather was William Annis, who married Miss Coleman. She came from England. Grandfather Annis was born in I8I7 and died in 1905, while his wife passed away in I876. His occupation was likewise that of a farmer, and in politics he favored the Reform party. Mrs. David Annis died in I9oo. There were seven children in the parents' family, including Mrs. Robert S. Jenkins, Mrs. William I. Simpson, Miss Emma and Miss Nellie, and Andrew, the latter a successful farmer in Canada, also Jerry, deceased. Mrs. Simpson and the two unmarried daughters live at Vancouver, B. C. The father in politics is likewise a Reformer, and has fraternal affiliations with the Independent Order of Foresters. Dr. Annis in politics is a Progressive, and affiliates with the Royal Arch Chapter of Masonry and with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He was married at Windsor, Ontario, September 14, I898, to Frances B. Scott. She died July 23, I9II, and on November 30, 1912, Dr. Annis married her sister. Walter Scott, an uncle of these sisters, is in the active service of the British government in India, and has attained the rank of colonel in the English army. Dr. Annis has five children by his first wife, all of whom are now attending school in Cedar Springs. Their names are William E., Richard C., Gordon C., Charles G., and Ethel L. ARA B. HEWES, M. D. A native Ohioan and since I903 in practice at Adrian, Dr. Hewes by his skill and high character reflects credit on his profession, and is one of the most popular citizens of his community. Dr. Ara B. Hewes was born in Medina, Ohio, December 27, I873. His father, Alanson Hewes, was born at Medina, Ohio, in 1836, was a substantial farmer and honorable citizen of his community and a soldier during the Civil war. He died in I874. The maiden name of the mother

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Page  1951 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1951 was ilary J. French, who was born at Medina in 1840 and died in 1912. Their six children were: Lillian C., Marion E., Adelaide S., Ora K., Ara B. and John C. The daughter, Lillian, died in IgIo as Mrs. Mabry, her home having been at Medina, Ohio; Marion died when nineteen years old; Adelaide, who died in I9o9, was Mrs. Busher, and lived at Oakland, California; Ora K., is a teacher; and John is living at Lorain, Ohio. Dr. Hewes has made a success in life bv hard work. He was edu — cated in the high school at Medina, Ohio, and spent one year in Hillsdale College in Michigan. His studies preparatory for his profession were pursued in the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College, where he was graduated M. D. in 1903. In the same year he opened his office at Adrian, and has since succeeded in acquiring a tlrge general practice and is especially successful as a surgeon. Dr. Hewes is a member of the State Medical Society, the Michigan Homeopathic Society, and the American Institute of Homeopathy. He was for two years city physician of Adrian, and during the Spanish-American war was with the Reserve Hospital Corps, a year. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Royal Arcanum and the Knights of the Maccabees is a Presbyterian in religion, and a Progressive Republican. At Rose, New York, October 7, 1903, Dr. Hewes married Mabel A. Ferris, a daughter of Henry Ferris, who was postmaster at Rose. To their marriage have been born two children; Helen M. and Richard F. HON. C. E. GITTINS. The work of Mr. Gittins as a lawyer and business man in Detroit covering a period of twelve years has brought him a substantial position and reputation in that city, and more recently his name has become known over the state as one of the.champions of the national Progressive party and he is one of the representatives of that new political organization in the present senate of the state, having been elected in I912 from the first district of Wayne county. Clarence Gittins, who is one of the young and able attorneys of Detroit, was born in Wayne county, at Plymouth, September 21, 1884. His parents are George I. and Josephine (Knight) Gittins. His father was born in Shropshire, England, in 1852, son of George and Charlotte Gittins, who brought him to the United States in I863, the family settling at once in Michigan, first in Detroit and later in Redford, where George I. Gittins grew to manhood. Following his marriage he engaged in farming, and that was his vocation until 1913, when he retired from agriculture to take up the hardware business at Milford. His wife was born in Detroit in 1857, a daughter of Thomas Knight, a well known lumberman of the city. Both are members of the Episcopal church, and the father is affiliated with the Masonic order. Clarence Gittins, like so many men in the city, grew up on a farm in Wayne county, and while living in the parental home attended district school. For his higher education he supplemented the means supplied from home by his own labors, and first prepared himself for teaching by a course in the Michigan State Normal school in Ypsilanti. His career as a teacher began in 1902, at the age of eighteen, and continued for seven years, with three years as principal of the Lyon graded school in Hamtramck, Michigan. While working in the schoolroom he was also industriously preparing himself for the legal profession, and in 1909 was graduated from the Detroit College of Law with the decree LL. B. and was admitted to the Michigan bar in the same year. With this training he embarked in practice at Detroit as senior member of the firm of Gittins & Stieler, and in addition to a general practice which has brought him before all the courts of the state he has participated in business affairs, and is an official in several well known Detroit companies. He is secre

Page  1952 1952 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN tary of the Highland Park Board of Commerce; secretary and treasurer of the Knowles Heights Land Company; secretary of the Ford View Realty Company; and secretary of the Highland Park Times Company, publishers of the Times. Quite early in his career he began exerting some local influence in politics, and in I912 allied himself with the new Progressive party. He accepted a place on the ticket of the National Progressives as candidate for the Michigan State senate from the first district of Wayne county, and in this connection it is a matter of interest to record the respective votes: Mr. Gittins' vote was 8,594, and the other candidates for the office were Leroy A. Nelson, who received 8,201; William J. Lee, with 7,04I; Otto Hinz, with 1,599; and Gerrit L. Smith, with I53. During the last session of the legislature Mr. Gittins was chairman of the committee on immigration and a member of the railroad and other committees. Mr. Gittins has membership in the Lawyers Club of Detroit, in the Delta Phi Delta, in Highland Park Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and in the Presbyterian church. On July 1o, I9II, he married Lois Goldsmith of Vicksburg, Michigan. GEORGE F. SONNER. Both the city of Benton Harbor, which is his home, and the State of Michigan are fortunate in the possession of such a man as George F. Sonner. A few years ago he retired from a long and successful career as a merchant. Early in his life he had been one of the brave and valiant soldiers of the Union, and won a captain's commission. About fifty years ago be began his career at Benton Harbor as one of the men of small means, but with a large outlook on life and an energy and ambition which have in the passing years accomplished much not only for his own prosperity, but for the good of the city. In all this time he has been closely identified with Benton Harbor's business affairs, and also with its social and charitable interests. George F. Sonner is a native of the Buckeye State, born in Highland county, Ohio, June 8, I837. His parents were William and Anne (Cailey) Sonner. His father was a native of Highland county, and his grandfather came from Germany in the early days and became a pioneer in that section of Ohio. Mr. Sonner's maternal grandfather was likewise among the Highland County pioneers and a native of England. The boyhood and early youth of George F. Sonner was spent in Highland county, where he acquired a district school education. On reaching his majority he moved to Zanesville, in Allen county, Indiana. At the outbreak of the Civil war, however, he was living in Ross county, Ohio. Like General Putnam, of Revolutionary fame, whose career is familiar to all students of American history, Mr. Sonner was plowing in the cornfield when the first news came to him that his services were needed to put down the armed force of rebellion. Without completing the furrow, he unhitched his team, at once repaired to the rendezvous and tendered his services to the government. He became a member of the Sixtieth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, and completed one year of service with that command. Then returning to Ohio, under orders from the war governor of that state, he and Major Irwin began recruiting soldiers for a new command. Major Irwin was appointed a major in the Second Ohio Heavy Artillery, and Mr. Sonner accepted the position of captain in Company A of the same command. With that regiment he continued until the close of hostilities, and made an excellent record as a brave and faithful soldier. On the close of his military career Mr. Sonner came to Benton Harbor, where his mother, who had been widowed and had again married, was then living. During his service in the war Mr. Sonner had managed

Page  1953 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1953 to conserve his means, so that he came to Benton Harbor with a small amount of capital. While looking around for an opportunity to invest his means in some independent enterprise, he supported himself by work in a humble capacity in a box factory. After several years, the opportunity came, and he entered the firm of H. L. Pitcher & Company, dry goods merchants, the constituent members of which were H. L. Pitcher and R. M. Jones, Their store was the leading one of the city. A few years later Mr. Pitcher retired, and under the name of Jones & Sonner, as sole proprietors, a business was developed which for many years stood as a landmark in the business section of Benton Harbor, and was synonymous with reliable merchandise, with honest business methods and successful integrity. In II92 Messrs. Jones & Sonner dissolved their partnership by mutual agreement, and both retired after about forty years of successful merchandising. Since that time Mr. Sonner has been occupied with his private affairs and investments, though he has always been liberal with his means in support of movements and institutions. His absorption in private business interests has never interfered with his public spirit, and no one has given more freely of his time and money toward the upbuilding of Benton Harbor and its institutions. One of the older settlers in Benton Harbor, he has continuously for forty years or more assisted in the upbuilding and development of the community. The old soldiers will always have special reason to remember him gratefully since it was out of his private means that the Soldiers' Home was built at St. Joseph. He has also contributed towards the different churches of the city, has for many years been one of the leading members of the Congregational church and for a long term of years was trustee, of the church and superintendent of the Sunday school. Mr. Sonner was one of the promoters and liberal donors of the Benton Harbor Public Library, was chairman of the building committee of that institution, and was its first president, a position which he retained from 1902 until 1914, in which latter year he resigned. J. STANLEY MORTON. From Michigan's territorial days down to the present time the Morton family has ranked among the honored ones of the state. For three generations the family has been closely identified with the development of the southern part of the commonwealth, and probably no other has had so much to do with the growth and development of Benton Harbor. The third generation of the family is honorably represented by J. Stanley Morton, who has well maintained the prestige of the name, and who is today justly accounted Benton Harbor's foremost citizen. The Morton family is of old English ancestry, and was founded at Salem, Massachusetts, in I620, and members of each succeeding generation have been prominent in American history. Among the distinguished members of the name may be mentioned the Hon. Levi P. Morton, formerly governor of New York and vice president of the United States, and the Hon. Marcus Morton, formerly governor of Massachusetts. The Benton Harbor branch of the Morton family was found in Michigan during territorial days, one year prior to Michigan's admission to the Union, by the pioneer Eleazer Morton, grandfather of J. Stanley Morton, who came here from New York state in 1834. Eleazer Morton was a native of the old Bay state, having been born at Stoughton, Massachusetts, August I, 1786. He removed to Syracuse, New York, in I8o6, and engaged in the manufacture of salt, and in I8II was married in that city to Miss Joanna Cotton, who was a native of Vermont and was teaching school in the Salt City at that time. Soon thereafter, they went to Alexander, Genesee county, New York, where the grandfather engaged in farming

Page  1954 1954 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and manufacturing cloth, but in the spring of 1831 made removal to Brockport, Monroe county, New York, where he was engaged in business on the Erie Canal for a short time. In the fall of that year Mr. Morton removed to Ohio, locating at Medina, and there turned his attention to the keeping of a tavern, but after something more than two years again turned his face toward the West, removing to the then territory of Michigan and taking up his residence in Kalamazoo county. His object in coming to Michigan was to experiment in the making of sugar from potatoes. By the fall of 1835 he had abandoned that idea as impracticable, and at that time came to Berrien county, locating first at St. Joseph. During the few months that followed, Mr. Morton purchased from different owners I6o acres of land, in sections 15 and 20, and in the spring of I836 built a log tavern on the Territorial Road, this at that time being the only house for seven miles eastward of the river St. Joseph. Mr. Morton cleared his land, improved it into a desirable farm, and set out a fruit orchard of apple, peach, pear, plum, nectarine and apricot trees, which began to bear in the early 'forties, and thus he became a pioneer fruitgrower of the state. Also, he was the second man to ship fruit from Michigan to the Chicago markets. As the years passed he became identified with other business interests until he was justly accounted one of the leading and most successful business men of the community. Eleazer Morton was a man of unusual ability and of most marked characteristics. He was a deep student, a profound thinker and a ready and fluent writer. Keeping fully abreast of the trend of the times and the important affairs of the day, he was constantly in correspondence with numerous of the leading national men of the time, and was in demand as a contributor to the press as a writer of articles upon his favorite topics. He was an Abolitionist and a Whig, but subsequently joined the Republican party upon its organization. His work, "Morton's Guide to True Happiness," had a wide circulation during early days. Altogether, he was a strong character and left his impress upon the history of his community, an imprint which was in every way beneficial to his locality and helpful to its citizens of the succeeding generations. He died July 4, 1864, his wife having passed away about eight years previous, in September, 1856. Among the children born to Eleazer and Joanna Morton was Henry C. Morton, who became a worthy successor of his father and carried the prominence of the family through the second generation. Born in Genesee county, New York, January 27, 18I7, he was a youth of seventeen years when he came to Michigan with the family, and for many years was identified with the growth and development of Benton Harbor, witnessing the growth of the city from a straggling village to a metropolitan community, thriving, progressive and substantial. He was a firm believer in the project of the Benton Harbor Canal and was one of the promoters and builders of that waterway. He also gave freely of his time, means and advice toward the establishment of other important enterprises, and always did his full share in promoting the welfare and growth of the city during his time. On February 8, 1848, Mr. Morton married Josephine Stanley, who was born at LeRoy, Genesee county. New York, and who died at Benton Harbor in September, 1859, Mr. Morton surviving her until May, I895. J. Stanley Morton, grandson of Eleazer, and son of Henry C. Morton, has well maintained the prestige of the family in the third generation, and is regarded as one of the foremost men in business and social circles of Benton Harbor today, while his name and reputation are familiar in the business world all over the country. He was born at Benton

Page  1955 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1955 Harbor, September I6, 1850, and attended the public schools until the age of fifteen years, at which time he embarked upon his business career as clerk in a general store of his native place. In I869, before he had reached his majority, he engaged in the drug business on his own account and continued to devote his attentions to that line until I873. In 1874 he entered the field of transportation by chartering a steamboat and placing it in the trade between Benton Harbor and Chicago, this boat being the Lake Breeze, which carried freight and passengers, although at that day travel was limited between the Michigan and Illinois shores. Mr. Morton continued to operate this boat with success until 1875, when he became interested with the late John H. Graham and Anderson Crawford in a steamboat line between Benton Harbor and Chicago, and, forming a partnership with these gentlemen, established what is now the famous Graham & Morton Transportation Company, which has grown into one of the largest lines operating on the Great Lakes. Mr. Morton was secretary and treasurer of the company until I893, when he withdrew from the enterprise, but in I898 re-entered the firm and held the same position until the death of Mr. Graham in 1907, when he succeeded to the presidency. After leaving the Graham & Morton Company, in. 1893, Mr. Morton, in company with other enterprising business men, purchased a controlling interest in the stock of the old Excelsior Gas Company, which was reorganized under their management, Mr. Morton becoming secretary and treasurer of the new concern. This venture was later again reorganized, becoming the Benton Harbor and St. Joseph Gas and Fuel Company, of which Mr. Morton was vice president until his withdrawal in I912. At this time he is president of the Peck Furniture Company, of Benton Harbor. In former days Mr. Morton was intimately identified with many important local enterprises, being for a number of years vice president of the First National Bank of Benton Harbor, president of the Stevens & Morton Lumber Company, treasurer of the Alden Canning Company and secretary of the Benton Harbor Improvement Company. On June 21, 1871, Mr. Morton was married to Miss Carrie Heath, of Benton Harbor, a daughter of the late Salmon F. and Julia Heath, who came to Benton Harbor from Wisconsin in I86I. Four children have been born to this union, as follows: Charles, who died at the age of two and one-half years; Henry, who died when two months old; William H., who has charge of the Chicago offices of the Graham & Morton Lines; and Raymond, who died in October, I913, leaving a widow and one daughter, Josephine, the latter now aged two and one-half years, and the only grandchild in the family. Mr. Morton is well known in fraternal circles of Benton Harbor, being prominently connected with the lodges of the Masons, the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. HENRY I. ARMSTRONG. That Detroit gained its supremacy as a manufacturing city is due to several factors, the most important of which is the status of its representative business men engaged in the manufacturing line, a prominent example being found in Henry I. Armstrong, member of the firm of Armstrong and Graham, wholesale manufacturers of saddlery hardware, with shops at No. 130 Jefferson avenue, Detroit. Henry I. Armstrong was born in the city of Detroit, December 10, 1850, and is a son of the late Thomas and Catherine (Hopson) Armstrong. In the democratic atmosphere of the public schools he secured his early educational training, afterward becoming a student at Olivet College, in Michigan, a well known institution from which he passed to the University of Michigan and after completing a period there was ready to

Page  1956 1956 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN make a start in business. In 1870 he secured a position in the laboratory of the Detroit medicine manufacturing concern, Parke, Davis & Company, and continued so connected for one year, following which he engaged with the firm of Hayden & Baldwin and still later was with Glover & Campau. In 1875 he entered the employ of Buhl, Ducharm & Company, with which concern he remained for ten years, or until 1885, when he embarked in business for himself, becoming a member of the firm of Armstrong & Graham. The business of this widely known firm is the manufacture of saddlery hardware and the scope of its trade has so broadened that it has become the leader in its line in Michigan, doing an exclusive wholesale business. Mr. Armstrong was married March 21, 1877, to Miss Sarah Aikman, of Detroit. He is a member of the Detroit Board of Commerce and belongs also to the Detroit Club. While not active as a politician, Mr. Armstrong recognizes every duty of citizenship and ever exerts his influence toward the making of wholesome laws and to the impartial enforcement of the same. HON. EDWARD E. EDWARDS. It was more than forty years ago that Judge Edwards was admitted to the Michigan bar, and with the exception of three years his career since 1875 has been spent in Newaygo county, where he is not only one of the oldest lawyers, but his success and influence have been measured proportionately with the length of his practice. Besides the successes which have come to him as a lawyer, he has enjoyed public distinction at the hands of his fellow citizens, and is now devoting all his time and attention to the work of the probate judgeship, which he has held since January I, I905. Edward E. Edwards was born in Broome county, New York, February 20, I845. Grandfather David Edwards was born in New York state and spent all his life there. The Edwards family originally came from Wales. Judge Edwards' maternal grandfather was born in New York state also. The parents were David C. and Electa A. (Pettis) Edwards. The father was born in New York July 4, 1820, and died August I, 1881, while the mother was born in 1823 and died in I865. Some time after their marriage, they moved to Illinois in 1852, and the next year went to Iowa, and after two years there settled at Greenville, Michigan. The father was a farmer in that locality four or five years, then became a pioneer settler in Oceana county, and from there moved out to the state of Missouri where he died. During his early life he was an active worker in the Good Templar organization. In politics he was a Democrat, and as a business man was quite successful, leaving property valued at about twenty-five thousand dollars when he died. He and his wife had seven children, six now living, as follows: Edward E.; Cynthia G., the wife of A. Harding, who lives at Port Townsend, Oregon; Clara A., who married Mr.' Armstrong and lives in South Dakota; Mrs. Cornelia E. Young, wife of a physician in Iowa; Mrs. Ella G. Moore, who lives in the northeastern part of Washington; and Daniel J., who also lives in the state of Washington, where he is a carpenter and builder. Judge Edwards received a common school education in New York state, and in Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan, his youth being spent in all four of those states. His practical career began as a clerk in a store, and after four or five years, having devoted himself assiduously to the study of law, under private direction, he was admitted to the bar in March, I870. He was then twenty-five years of age, and after two years of practice at Pentwater, and then three years in the southern part of the state, he came to Newago county in 1875, and set up an office and began practice at Fremont. Success came to him very quickly after locating

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Page  1957 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1957 in Newaygo county and he has for nearly forty yeaIs enjoyed a distinction as an able and successful member of the bar. His home was at Fremont for a number of years, and while there he filled the office of circuit judge for a year and a half, having been appointed to that position in 1897. After taking up his duties as probate judge he moved to the county seat in I905, in I9Io changed his residence to White Cloud, which in that year was made the new seat of government for Newaygo county. At Pentwater in 1867 Judge Edwards married Emma J. Carroll, a daughter of Watson Carroll. Mrs. Edwards, who died in 1869, left one son, Edward C., who died when six years of age. In I872 the judge married Mary E. Queale, a daughter of Rev. Robert Queale, a minister of the Universalist church. By this marriage there were two children: Edith M., who lives at home; and Corydon Howard, who died in youth. Judge Edwards and family worship in the Universalist faith, and he has been prominent in Masonry. He helped to organize Arcana Lodge No. 463, F. & A. M., at White Cloud, and has been master in four different lodges. He also affiliates with the Royal Arch Chapter at Fremont and the Consistory and the Mystic Shrine at Grand Rapids. In politics a Republican, he has interested himself in public affairs, has been a friend of good government and a worker for the best interests of every community where he has had his home. He served as township clerk, as village attorney and president in Fremont, was a member of the state legislature and made an excellent record in the lower house during 1881-82, and in the state senate from 1885 to 1887, and he attained to no little distinction while a member of the senate. Judge Edwards is a man who has well won the various distinctions which have come to him, and in every place of trust has acquitted himself with credit to himself and with a fine performance of obligation to the public. HON. FRANZ C. KUHN, associate justice of the Supreme Court of Michigan, is a worthy representative of the dignity and greatness of the state in the domain of the law which he has honored for twenty years, and an able and virile product of the city with which he has been for so long identified as lawyer, jurist and progressive citizen. He was born in Detroit, Michigan, February 8, 1872, and is a son of John and Anna C. (Ullrich) Kuhn, both natives of Germany. The mother belonged to the Ullrich family of Mount Clemenst, which has long been identified with the commercial and financial interests of that city. The parents of Judge Kuhn were married in Detroit, but in 1874 removed to Mount Clemens, where the father is still engaged in commercial pursuits. Judge Kuhn was reared in Mount Clemens and was given a thorough literary training by parents who firmly believed in an education as the best asset of manhood. After attending the public schools, he entered the literary department of the University of Michigan, where he was graduated with the class of 1893, with the degree of Bachelor of Sciences, and in the following year graduated from the law department, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Almost immediately thereafter he was admitted to the bar, and during the same year was elected Circuit Court commissioner of Macomb county; a capacity in which he served from 1894 until 1896. From 1898 until 1904 he served as prosecuting attorney of Macomb county, three terms, and in the latter year was elected probate judge. He was re-elected to that office in 1908, but June 6, I9Io, resigned to accept the appointment of attorney general of Michigan, from Governor Warner. On October 6, I9IO, the Republican State Convention nominated Judge Kuhn for the office of attorney general, and he was elected for the full term at the ensuing election. In September, 1912, Governor Os

Page  1958 1958 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN born appointed Judge Kuhn associate justice of the Michigan Supreme Court to fill the vacancy caused by the death of the late Judge Blair, and at the Republican State Convention held the same year he was nominated to complete the full term of Judge Blair, and was sent to that office at the following election. His term will expire in I918. Judge Kuhn established his residence in Detroit in July, 19I3, having formerly resided at Lansing. While Judge Kuhn's rise to his present exalted position has been rapid, it has been fairly earned. No one has ever had cause to doubt his mental strength or his deep and thorough knowledge of law and jurisprudence. His decisions have ever indicated a strong mentality and careful analysis, and the discovery has yet to be made that he has ever been other than impartial. Judge Kuhn was married to Mrs. Mina C. Burton, who was born in Richmond, Virginia, and they have one daughter, Wilhelmina Ann, who was born in I91I. Judge Kuhn is a member of the various Masonic bodies, including Romeo Commandery No. 6, Knights Templar, and Moslem (Detroit) Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is past grand chancellor of Michigan of the Knights of Pythias, and a valued member of the University Club and the Detroit Boat Club. WILLIAM F. MALOW. Now at the head of Malow Brothers, William F. Malow has for nearly twenty years been identified with the building interests of Detroit, and is one of the successful contractors in the city. In the modern city's development few firms have taken a more conspicuous part as builders than this one. Only a few examples can be selected and mentioned to indicate the extent of their enterprise. They took part in constructing the first Ford automobile factory and erected the trussedconcrete building at the corner of Lafayette boulevard and Wayne street. They also erected the Country Club building in Grosse Pointe; the fine residences of Henry Ford, of John Dodge, of H. E. Dodge; the Fisher's Woodward Arcade; the original building of the Addison apartment hotel, and the firm has just completed an addition to that hotel costing three hundred and fifty thousand dollars. William F. Malow is a native of Michigan, born on a farm four miles north of Mt. Clemens, October 21, i868, a son of Henry and Sophia (Priehs) Malow. Both parents were natives of Mecklinburg, Germany, and were both born in the same year, I836. After their marriage in the old country they emigrated to the United States in 1857. The father was already thoroughly trained in the trade of wagon maker, and continued in that line in Macomb county, where he first settled on reaching this country. In later years he retired to his farm, and continued actively as an agriculturist until 1904. That year he moved to Utica, Michigan, and now lives retired. The mother died in I908. William F. Malow was reared on the farm in Macomb county until eighteen. In I886, going to Detroit, he learned carpentry under his older brother, Martin Malow. Two years were spent as a journeyman carpenter in Detroit, and also two years in Cleveland, followed by a similar time in Detroit, and in 1897 he began contracting as a member of the firm of Malow Brothers. His brother Martin had long been identified with the building interests of the city. In 1907 William acquired the interest of his brother in the firm, and is now sole owner, but retains the old and well known firm name of Malow Brothers. Mr. Malow is one of the popular members of the Detroit Builders & Traders Exchange, of the Detroit Board of Commerce, and of the Rotary Club. He and family worship in the German Lutheran church. Mr. Malow married Flora Rieck, who was born in Michigan, a daughter of

Page  1959 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1959 William Rieck of Utica. To their marriage have been born three children, Arnold, who is bookkeeper for his father, and Esther and Eleanor. HON. GEORGE WILLARD BRIDGMAN. The sound judgment, the wellbalanced mind, and freedom from bias that is demanded in those practitioners of the law who are ultimately honored by elevation to the bench, is well exemplified in Judge George Willard Bridgman, an honored resident of Benton Harbor, and judge of the Second Michigan Judicial Circuit. Judge Bridgman comes of famous New England ancestry and was born at Lee, Massachusetts, July 4, 1848. His parents were George and Sarah (Cowles) Bridgman, and the family ancestry, reaching to an English source, later became signally distinguished in the intellectual life of the colony of Massachusetts. George Bridgman, the father of Judge Bridgman, was born at Belchertown, Hampshire county, Massachusetts, in October, I813, and was a son of Ebenezer Bridgman, also a native of Belchertown, who married Abigail Willard. She was born at Petersham, Massachusetts, and was a descendant of Simon Willard, who was the English founder of that family in Massachusetts, where it was prominent for generations. From this ancestor came Samuel Willard, who was the first president of Harvard College; his son, also Samuel, was also president of this noted institution of learning. It was the third Samuel Willard who was the noted blind Unitarian preacher and distinguished author, of Deerfield, Massachusetts. Another Willard known to fame was Joseph Willard, brother to Abigail, who was the architect of the Bunker Hill monument. At Amherst, Massachusetts, George Bridgman married Sarah Cowles, who was born at Amherst, in 1814, and was a daughter of Jonathan Cowles of Massachusetts. Her maternal grandmother was Esther Graves, who was a daughter of Eliphat Graves, who, with his five brothers, served in the Revolutionary War. In I856 Mr. and Mrs. Bridgman came to Michigan, in which state they spent the rest of their lives. In Massachusetts, Mr. Bridgman was a manufacturer of carriages in early business life and later was connected with the Hosotowac Railroad Company. When he came to Michigan he located in Lake township, Berrien county, at a point then known as Charlottville, now as Bridgman, a station of the Pere Marquette Railway, where he engaged for some years in the lumber business, later turning his attention to farming. His death occurred in I9QI. He was a man of influence in Berrien county, interested in its progress and development but never accepted public honors. Originally a Whig, in later years he became affiliated with the Republican party. George Willard Bridgman attended the public schools, including the high school course and also enjoyed instruction from private tutors. In 186I before making a choice of career, he was appointed to a position in the United States Treasury Department at Washington and spent seven years in the national capital. While there he studied law, taking the regular law course in the Columbian, now the George Washington University, and was there graduated with the degree of LL. B., in i868, and in June of that year was admitted by the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, to the practice of law. In 1872 he returned to Michigan and two years later was admitted to the Michigan bar and began the practice of his profession in his old home section. In 1884 he formed a law partnership with George H. Clapp, at Niles, Michigan, under the style of Clapp & Bridgman, which became one of the dominating law firms of the state and the association continued until I889, when Mr. Bridgman was elected prosecuting attorney, which was followed by his re-election. In 189I he came to Benton Harbor, where he resumed private practice and

Page  1960 1960 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN continued until the spring of I9II, when he was elected to the Circuit bench for a term of six years. His ideals of the legal profession have always been high and in practice he has lived up to them, thereby gaining the public confidence) that made his elevation to the bench a matter of general congratulation among this law-abiding people. He is a member of the Berrien County Bar Association. Judge Bridgman was united in marriage with Miss Thyrza Chamberlain, of Cherry Valley, Illinois, who is a daughter of Alfred A. and Nancy E. (Monger) Chamberlain. Judge and Mrs. Bridgman have three children: Ida C., who married George Schairer, of Benton Harbor; George C., who is engaged in the drug business at Benton Harbor; and Emma C., who is the wife of William H. Howard, Jr., of St. Joseph, Michigan. Judge Bridgman is a Royal Arch Mason and an Elk and Knight of Pythias. JAMES CHARLES WARD. In the Detroit building trades no firm has a record which includes more notable examples of building construction than that of J. C. Ward & Son, mason contractors. J. C. Ward himself has been identified with the business activities of Detroit for more than forty years, and his rise to success has been through the avenue of hard work, first at his trade, with progressive responsibilities and eventually to an independent business of his own. James Charles Ward was born in New York state, at Brazier Falls on the St. Lawrence river, June 2, i855. His parents were Patrick and Anna (White) Ward. Both were natives of County Sligo, Ireland, came to America when young and single, and were married in New York state. From there they moved across the boundary to Ontario, and for several years Patrick Ward was employed at different points along the Welland canal during the construction of that great waterway. Both parents died in Canada, and were members of the Catholic church. The years from five to fifteen James C. Ward spent with his parents in Canada. His education from books was of an average amount, but was less important in his career than his ready industry and thorough training as a young man. When still a boy he began learning the trade of brickmaking in Canada, and had made such progress that when he came to Detroit in 1872, at the age of seventeen, he was able to command a journeyman's wages. His first employer in Detroit was Mr. Albright, the pioneer contractor. Subsequently he was with Joseph Dietz, first as journeyman, then as manager, then as partner, and for a period altogether of more than twenty years. After two years as a member of the firm of Deitz & Ward, mason contractors, Mr. Ward bought out his partner, and then continued in business under his own name. Like the majority of successful organizations of that kind, Mr. Ward's beginning was on a modest scale, employing a few men and with limited capital resources. The business developed from year to year, and his reputation became established as one of the leading mason contractors of the city. In I912 Mr. Ward formed the firm of J. C. Ward & Son, taking into partnership his oldest son, William C. In a brief sketch only the more notable contracts successfully handled by Mr. Ward can be mentioned. They include some of the finest residences, factories and business houses in the city. Mr. Ward put up the addition to the old Ford Motor Works, the large factory of Edmund & Jones, the Jewish Synagogue on Farnsworth street between Beaubien and St. Antoine streets, and most conspicuous of all is the Windeman residence, regarded as one of the finest and most costly in the city. In the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange Mr. Ward is one of the influential members, and also belongs to the Detroit Master Masons

Page  1961 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1961 Association. Fraternally he is a Maccabee, and his church is St. Leo's Catholic. His first wife was Mary Taylor, who died leaving two sons: William C., junior member of the firm of J. C. Ward & Son; and James Francis, a brick maker, also associated with the firm. Mr. Ward married for his second wife Mrs. Bessie (Pickup) Blackburn of Detroit, who was born in Yorkshire, England. GOTTLOB C. LEIBRAND. At the head of the corporations department of the department of the Secretary of State, and ex-prosecuting attorney of Gladwin county, Michigan, Gottlob C. Leibrand is probably one of the best known men in the official and professional life of the state. Although his career has not covered as many years as those of some of his official brethren, it has been characterized by such activity, faithful devotion and general usefulness as to place his name favorably before the people, and to make him one of the influential Republicans of the state. Mr. Leibrand is an Ohioan, born at Canton, Stark county, June 4, I870, and is a son of Christian and Catherine Leibrand, both natives of Germany. The father followed the vocation of teacher of vocal music, and died in the year following that in which his son, our subject, was born, and the mother married again and in I876 came to Isabella county, Michigan. Gottlob C. Leibrand secured his primary education in the public schools of Isabella county, and was reared to the pursuits of agriculture. On attaining his majority he started upon a career of his own, but remained on the farm and continued as a tiller of the soil until I907. It had long been his ambition to follow a professional career, and in that year he began to study law under a preceptor, although he had previously taken a law course in a correspondence school. In 1907 he entered the Detroit College of Law, receiving one year's credit, and in the class of I909 was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. During that same year Mr. Leibrand was admitted to the bar, and immediately entered upon the practice of his calling, at Beaverton, Gladwin county. The next year marked his entrance into public life, when, as a Republican, he was elected to the office of county attorney of Gladwin county, and moved his offices and transferred his activities to Gladwin, the county seat. Mr. Leibrand served four years in that office, and so ably did he discharge the duties devolving upon him that June 4, I914, he was appointed to his present position in the Department of State. Here he is rapidly establishing a reputation that promises much for his future political career. Mr. Leibrand has long been prominent in Grange matters and during his earlier years did much to promote the agricultural interests of the communities in which he resided. He was well and favorably known in Isabella county, where he served as supervisor for some time, and always was foremost in the support of Republican policies. In May, 1914, Mr. Leibrand was a delegate to the "welfare" Republican convention, held at Detroit. Mr. Leibrand takes some interest in fraternal matters, and is a popular member of Beaverton Lodge, F. & A. M., in which he has numerous friends. In I901 Mr. Leibrand was married to Miss Minnie Kilborn, who was born in Saginaw, Michigan. Her father came from Canada when a young man and served in an Indiana volunteer regiment of infantry. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Leibrand: Carl, born in I902; Dorothy, born in I904; and Ralph, born in I906. HON. SAMUEL W. SMITH. As representative from the Sixth Congressional District of Michigan in Congress since March I897, Mr. Smith

Page  1962 1962 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN is one of the oldest members of this state's delegation at Washington, and his services and ability have ranked him as one of the most useful men in the national legislature. His public career began with the office of prosecuting attorney of Oakland county in I880, and he has for many years been one of the prominent attorneys at Pontiac. Samuel William Smith was born in Independence township, Oakland county, Michigan, August 23d, 1852, son of Nicholas B. and Mary (Phillips) Smith. His father, a native of Monroe county, New York, was one of the early settlers of Oakland county, and in 1841 he began the improvement of eighty acres of wild land in Brandon township of Oakland county. Some years later he bought one hundred and twenty acres in Independence township, where Samuel W. Smith was born, and the latter part of his active career was spent as a merchant in the village of Clarkston. His wife was born in New York in 1825, came as a girl with her parents to Oakland county, and died there in I856. Samuel W. Smith was educated in the public schools of Clarkston, in the Detroit schools, and was graduated from the Law Department of the University of Michigan in 1878. Admitted to the bar in 1877, he began his regular practice at Pontiac, and for many years was associated with the late Judge Levi B. Taft until the latter's death. For a number of years the Oakland county bar has had no more successful attorney than Mr. Smith. His attention has been pretty well divided between law and politics for more than thirty years. Beginning as a practically unknown young attorney he has achieved a place among the national leaders in affairs. In I880 the Republican party of Oakland county elected him prosecuting attorney, an office he held until I884. This was followed in the latter year by his election as state senator from the Fifteenth Senatorial District. In I896 Mr. Smith was first chosen to represent the Sixth Michigan District in Congress, and his service has been continuous since the beginning of the Fifty-fifth Congress. In I9I2 he was re-elected for his ninth consecutive term. In Congress he has given his support and has championed much important legislation. He has been recognized as one of the foremost advocates of government ownership of telegraphs and telephones. His speech delivered in the House of Representatives May 26th, I906, has everywhere been regarded as an authority on this subject. He spent much time on this speech, and he does not believe that a single fact or statement in the same can be successfully controverted. He also advocated at a time when it was not so popular to do so, the abolition of railroad passes, telegraph and express franks and a reasonable reduction in express rates. He had no desire to injure the express companies, and has often been heard to say that if the express companies had made a fair reduction, it would have delayed the establishment of parcels post for many years. He also favored a reduction in railway mail pay, believing that the government was paying too much for this service; which subject is again receiving a great deal of attention in the Sixty-third Congress. It is to be hoped that the Bourne Commission will make such a report as Congress can adopt and one that will be fair and just to the government and the railways and settle this very complicated question for years to come. The laws regulating the sale of oleomargarine, a measure of equal importance to dairymen and consumers; and a bill for improved coupling of freight cars for the protection of railway employes, received considerable attention at his hands during his legislative experience; and the legislation for the introduction and extension of rural free delivery of mail is one among the better known measures to which Mr. Smith gave

Page  1963 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1963 much of his attention, and for which he deserves special credit. As a result of his leadership in the rural free delivery matter, the Sixth District was one of the first places in the United States where the system was given trial. The cities of Lansing, Flint and Pontiac are indebted to Mr. Smith for his efforts in securing suitable federal buildings for those communities. His constituents have always recognized in him a vigilant and untiring worker for their best interests. Until the Republican majority in the House gave way to the Democratic success of I9IO, Mr. Smith was Chairman of the District of Columbia Committee, an office which practically made him mayor of the city of Washington, and his administration in that post was so efficient and admirable as to receive the direct compliments of President Taft at the time Mr. Smith retired from the head of the District Committee. Mr. Smith was married November 17, I880, to Miss Alida E. DeLand, a daughter of Edwin Tracy and Susan (Bentley) DeLand. She was born near Grass Lake, Jackson county, Michigan. Their four sons are Lieutenant E. DeLand, Ferris N., M. D., Dr. Wendell T. and Harlan S. CHRISTIAN PAUL TIETZE. Few men in Detroit are better or more favorably known among contractors than is Christian Paul Tietze, who has gained an enviable position in the line of plumbing and heating, and who is also prominent in the councils of the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange. Mr. Tietze is a native son of Detroit, born January 3, 1859, and is a son of Ernst and Barbara (Hoetzel) Tietze, both of whom were born in Germany, the father in the province of Prussia and the mother in the province of Bavaria. Ernst Tietze was born September 21, 1833, and came to the United States in 1850, making the voyage in a sailing vessel and being ten weeks on the water, during which time he passed through a shipwreck on the English Channel. The mother was born January 26, 1833, and came to America, landing at New York after a voyage of eleven weeks. She came to Detroit by railroad, and her train was wrecked near Hamilton, Ontario, but she escaped serious injuries. The parents first met at Detroit, where they were married April 22, I855. The father had worked at sewing boot uppers early in life, but later learned the upholstering trade, at which he worked until his death, May 3I, 1872. His widow survived many years and passed away July 9, 1908. They were consistent members of the German Lutheran church and were the parents of the following children: Christian Paul, of this review; Elizabeth, born November I8, I86I, who is head of the L. Tietze Company, dyers and cleaners, one of the largest firms in that line of business of Detroit; George, born December 22, '862, who died September 6, i866; Mina Henrietta, born September 9, I869, who died July 17, 1872; Paul H., born November 17, 1864, is supervisor of the Fifteenth Ward of the city of Detroit; George M., who was born December 21, i866, a plumber by vocation, who is employed by his brother, Christian P.; and Theodore William, born December 28, 1874, who died March 28, I874. Christian P. Tietze attended the Lutheran parochial schools and Goldsmith Business College, and was but thirteen years of age when he started to work as parcel boy with Friedman Brothers, a wholesale millinery firm on Woodward avenue. Succeeding this, he was associated with E. T. Barnum's wire works. later was employed in a cigar box factory, and following that worked in the grocery store of Earnley & Hazelton. During this time he had carefully saved what he could of his earnings and made the most of his every opportunity, keeping his eyes open and his senses alert for whatever benefit he might gain which would help him in later years. On August 9, I875,' he received his introduction to

Page  1964 1964 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the plumbing trade when he apprenticed himself to the firm of Jack & Reynolds, of Detroit, and when he had completed his training worked as a journeyman plumber until I896. In that year he entered the plumbing and heating business for himself under his own name, and since that time has carried on a large contracting business. His first establishment was located on Gratiot avenue, but in a short time he removed to the rear of his residence, at No. 558 Mack avenue, where he has since continued. As a journeyman plumber Mr. Tietze had charge of the remodeling of the Moffatt building, of the Cadillac Hotel and of a great number of fine residences, among the latter being those of Col. Frank Hecker and the late Orin Scotten. As a contractor he did the plumbing and heating of the Marvin M. Stanton residence, near Water Works Park, the fine residence of Charles S. Chapman at Rochester, Michigan, installed the water works system of the Old Club, at St. Clair Flats, the Addison Apartments on Woodward and Charlotte avenues, which are the largest and finest apartments in Michigan, and in which he is financially interested, and has carried numerous other large pieces of work to a successful conclusion. Mr. Tietze has for many years been prominently identified with the city, state and national Master Plumbers associations. He became a member of the Detroit Master Plumbers Association in I897, in I898 became a member of the State and National Associations, and during these years has been active in all connections. He has served as president of the local organization for three full terms and is president of the state body for one term, and in 1914 was chosen vice-president of the state body which places him in line for another term as president. He was also secretary and treasurer of the state body for three terms in succession, during which time, in the line of duty, he visited every city water works plant in Michigan, making two trips to the Upper Peninsula. In I9OI he was first elected a delegate from the local association to- the national association convention, at Kansas City, Missouri, and was sent also as a delegate to the following conventions: Atlantic City, New Jersey, I902; San Francisco, 1904; St. Louis, Missouri, 1905; Atlanta, Georgia, I906; Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1907; Louisville, Kentucky, I908; Boston, Massachusetts, I909; Detroit, Michigan, I910; Chicago, Illinois, I91i; Galveston, Texas, 1912; Salt Lake City, 1913. He has missed but one national convention since I901. In I906 he was appointed by the president of the national body a member of its board of directors, and was reappointed in I907 and I908, holding that position three successive terms, which is full time for which an individual is eligible to membership on the board. It was through Mr. Tietze's efforts that the national convention was secured for Detroit in I9IO, at which convention the record attendance was broken and the success of which was credited in a great measure to Mr. Tietze. Mr. Tietze is a member of the Detroit Builders and Tradets Exchange and chairman of its legislative committee in 19I3 and 1914. He is a member of the board of directors of the Michigan State Compensation Insurance Commission, under appointment from Governor Ferris. For twenty-five years he has been a member of Bethania Liederkranz Singing Society. He was married November I2, 1884, at Detroit, to Miss Amelia Wendt, who was born in Detroit, June I5, I862, the daughter of John F. and Julia (Frey) Wendt, natives of Germany. John F. Wendt was a pioneer shoe merchant of this city and saw many and great changes in the city during his long life, he having lived to reach the advanced age of eighty-six years and dying July 24, I907. Four children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Tietze: Lottie Barbara, born November I2, I885,

Page  1965 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1965 who died January 6, I906; Lillie Julia, born March 24, 1888; Eleanor Louise, born December 24, I89I; and Edna Caroline, born November 17, I894. HON. MILO DEWITT CAMPBELL. The name of Milo D. Campbell in Coldwater and Branch county has for years represented a dominant influence in politics, and leadership in public affairs. Mr. Campbell is a lawyer by profession and has practiced in Branch county for more than thirtyfive years, his home having been in Coldwater since I886. While well known as a lawyer and business man it is his political career which has brought him his chief fame in Michigan, and he has long been one of the Republican leaders of the state. The public position which he now holds is that of United States marshal for the Eastern District of Michigan, a position.to which he was appointed in I908. His term expires May I, I9I4. While Mr. Campbell has held many places of trust in local and state affairs, these honors always have come to him unsolicited, and it is a fact of which he and his supporters are both proud that he has been able to fill every position and discharge every obligation in a highly commendable and satisfactory manner, so that there is not one blot upon his official record. Mr. Campbell's first public service may be said to have been as a school teacher in a country school, when he was seventeen years of age. There have been comparatively few years since then in which he has not done public work in one capacity or another. Milo DeWitt Campbell was born in Quincy township, Branch county, October 25, I85I, and represents one of the older families in the citizenship of that county of this commonwealth. His parents were Rollin Madison and Susan Ann Campbell. The paternal ancestry is Scotch and on the mother's side the lineage goes back to England. Both parents were born in western New York, settled in Branch county in S848, and the father was a substantial farmer all his active career. Mr. Campbell's great-great-grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Growing up on a farm, Mr. Campbell attended the country schools until fourteen years of age, later went to. school in Coldwater, and at the age of seventeen got his first license and obtained permission to teach a roomful of country boys and girls. After that he taught school and attended school alternately, until he graduated from the Coldwater high school in 187I. His work as a teacher went on at varying intervals, and he completed in 1875 the course in the State Normal School at Ypsilanti. During the summers he also worked on the farm, and in many ways got the practical experience and earned the money with which he prepared for his larger career of usefulness. While teaching he was also studying law, and in 1877 had completed the studies which enabled him to gain admission to the bar of Branch county. The first ten years of his professional work he had an office and lived in the village of Quincy. His practice grew rapidly, until it was as large as that enjoyed by any lawyer at the county seat, and eventually his business compelled him to move to Coldwater in I886, which city has since been his home. Clayton C. Johnson had previously been a student in his office, and they formed a partnership at Coldwater, which in a short time became one of the strongest legal combinations in that part of the state. Mr. Campbell, besides his practice, has been identified with different business organizations, and is a stock holder in the First National Bank at Quincy, and a director of the Southern Michigan National Bank, Coldwater, Michigan. Besides his work as a school teacher, Mr. Campbell's first office was Vol. IV-14

Page  1966 1966 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN that of county school commissioner to which he was elected when twentyone years of age. He was next chosen by popular vote as circuit court commissioner of Branch county, and in 1885 was elected to represent his district in the state legislature. During the term of Governor Luce, another Coldwater citizen, Mr. Campbell became private secretary to the Governor, and performed the duties of that position four years. In I89I Governor Winans appointed him as the Republican member of the state board of inspectors, having charge of all the penal and reformatory institutions of the state, together with the pardon board. He served two years as president of that board, until the law creating the board was changed. Governor John T. Rich in 1893 appointed Mr. Campbell a member of the railroad and street crossing board, and he was one term in that office. In I897, came perhaps his greatest opportunity for public service with his appointment by Governor Hazen S. Pingree as commissioner of insurance. At the end of two years, he was solicited by the governor to accept membership on the board of state tax commission, and was president of that board until the close of Governor Pingree's office. While commissioner of insurance, Mr. Campbell completely reorganized the insurance business of Michigan. He closed up and put into the hands of receivers thirty or more insolvent and worthless companies, and drove more than fifty other fraudulent and fake concerns out of the state. He secured a reduction in fire insurance rates from the stock companies, resulting in a saving of more than eight hundred thousand dollars annually to the people of the state. Also his work was important as president of the tax commission, and in the first year he secured an increase in the assessed valuation of state property amounting to more than thirtyfive per cent. Mr. Campbell has also been honored in his home city of Coldwater, which he served three terms as mayor, being elected in 1902, 1903 and 1904. He has attended many state conventions as delegate and was four times chairman of the Branch county delegation. He has frequently been a delegate to national conventions. His experience in public affairs has resulted in his selection to membership on various conferences of national or international character, and he was a delegate to the national conference at New York to prepare extradition agreements between the states, and to national conferences of the board of corrections and charities. Mr. Campbell cast his first vote for General Grant in I872, and has been a steadfast Republican ever since. He belongs, to the Coldwater Presbyterian church, and affiliates with the patrons of husbandry, has taken the York Rite degrees of Masonry, including the Knights Templar, and also belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. At Quincy, on October 17, 1876, he married Miss Marion Florence Sears. They have one adopted daughter, Jessie May, taken into their household when three years of age and, reared with all the advantages which they could have bestowed upon their own child. She is now the wife of E. R. Clark, a merchant of Coldwater, and they have one child, Elizabeth. JAMES CRAIG, JR. Among men foremost in Detroit as identified with Western industrial enterprises, those who have become known because of the magnitude of their operations and the vast extent of their trade connections, none is there whose personality is of a more interesting character or whose career has been more impressive or beneficial as an object lesson to the young than James Craig, Jr., president of the firm of Parker, Webb & Company, probably the largest meat packers between New York and Chicago.

Page  1967 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1967 Mr. Craig was born in Detroit and is a son of the late James Craig, an early business man of Detroit. The latter was born near Fort Ticonderoga, New York, and came to Detroit during the late 'forties, being for a number of years engaged in the wholesale grocery business as a member of the firm of Craig Brothers. Later he identified himself with the wholesale fish business, and also was interested in lake vessels, having owned an interest with the late E. B. Ward, in the old Mohawk and other boats. He married Daphney Cook, who was born on Lake George, New York, and whose nephew, Joseph Cook, D. D., was a well-known Boston divine. Both parents died in Detroit after a long residence here, passing away within a year of one another. They were devout members of St. Paul's Episcopal church. James Craig, Jr., was graduated from the Detroit High school in the class of 1872 and at once went to work for his father, in whose employ he remained for four years. At the end of that time he became shipping clerk, bookkeeper and cashier for William Parker & Company, the packer, with whom he remained until I889, and then went to Omaha, Nebraska, where he became identified with Armour-Cudahy Packing Company, the old firm of meat packers then doing business as Armour & Cudahy. A few months later Mr. Craig became connected with the firm of G. H. Hammond & Company, packers, and for two years had charge of the company's sales department, at South Omaha. In I89o the two old firms of Willard Parker & Company and Webb Brothers, packers of Detroit, consolidated, and soon afterwards Mr. Craig was sent for, he joining the new firm as manager in I89I. By 1892 he had secured some stock in the company and was elected secretary, subsequently became secretary-treasurer, and in I908 was chosen president of the concern. From the time he entered the service of the company in 1891 he has been the dominating influence in its management and the wonderful success which has marked its development may be credited directly to his indefatigable efforts, his wise judgment and his fine organizing and executive ability. Mr. Craig is widely known among packers all over the country, and in 1913 was president of the American Meat Packers Association. Mr. Craig is a director in the Old First National Bank of Detroit. He belongs to the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Detroit Club, the Detroit Athletic Club, the Detroit Curling Club and the Detroit Boat Club. The record of a career that has been so strong and forceful, so active and honorable, is necessarily brief, but it is full of useful incentive and lesson. By his own energy and labor Mr. Craig has succeeded in achieving a high position, and what he has accomplished is due entirely to his ambitious nature, his constant endeavor and his unwearying application. Systematic methods, prompt and decisive action under all circumstances, good judgment and tact united to, a high sense of honesty, and an absolute fidelity in every undertaking, have, when in such combination, placed Mr. Craig in his present position and given him a reputation of an enviable nature among his many friends and business associates. Mr. Craig was married to Miss Clara Aspinal, of Detroit, and they have two sons and a daughter: Harvey A., Lyman J. and Clare Jean. JUNIUS E. BEAL. A scion of Revolutionary ancestry, Hon. Junius Emery Beal has fully upheld, through character and achievement, the prestige of the name which he bears, and he has exerted large and benignant influence in connection with the civic and material affairs in his native State of Michigan and especially in the city of Ann Arbor, where he is known as a broad-minded and public-spirited citizen. He is a representative of a sterling pioneer family of the Wolverine commonwealth,

Page  1968 1968 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN his grandfather coming to Michigan in 1835, and his loyalty to Michigan has ever been of the most insistent type, so that there are many points that make consonant his recognition in this history. He is at the present time not only a member of the board of regents of the University of Michigan, but is also chairman of the public domain and immigration commissions of the state. Junius E. Beal was born at Port Huron, St. Clair county, Michigan, on the 23d of February, I86o, and to the public schools of his native state he is indebted for his early educational discipline, which was effectively supplemented by his higher academid work in the University of Michigan. In this institution, of which he is now a regent, he was graduated as a member of the class of 1882, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. For a long term of years he was a representative newspaper man of Michigan, as editor and publisher of a well ordered daily paper in the city of Ann Arbor, and he has been prominently concerned with business and public activities in this city, where he still maintains his residence. He has been a most zealous and effective advocate of the principles and policies for which the Republican party has stood sponsor and has been influential in its councils in Michigan. In I888 he represented his party and state as presidential elector, and in the following year he gave yeoman service as president of the Michigan Republican League. In I893 he was president of the Michigan Press Association, and he has served also as president of the Wesleyan Guild. tie has various and important capitalistic interests and it should be specially noted that he is a stockholder of that staunch and long established corporation, the Detroit Fire & Marine Insurance Company, of which he is a director. In I905 he represented Washtenaw county in the lower house of the Michigan legislature, in which he made an admirable record as an earnest worker with the deliberations of both the general body and its committee rooms. He was assigned to various important committees, including that on ways and means. He has been a member of the board of regents of the University of Michigan since 1907, and in this capacity has shown the utmost interest in the loyalty to his alma mater. He was elected to this office on the Republican ticket and received the extraordinary majority of more than ioo,ooo votes. In I909 he was appointed a member of the Michigan public domain commission, of which he is now chairman, as is he also of the adjunct body, the immigration commission. He holds membership in the Society of Sons of the American Revolution and is identified with various civic organizations of representative character aside from this. JAMES VINCENT CUNNINGHAM. Few of Michigan's men in public life have rendered greater or more helpful services during the past several years than has the present state commissioner of labor, James Vincent Cunningham. In various capacities he has displayed a high order of executive ability and administrative power. Born on a farm in Genoa township, Livingston county, Michigan, February 3, 1871, Mr. Cunningham is a son of James and Mary (McKeever) Cunningham. The father was born in County Meath, Ireland, in 1837, and was a lad of twelve years when he came to the United States, and as a young man went to Colorado and later to Idaho, there securing employment in the mines. Through industry, thrift and perseverance he managed to accumulate enough money with which to return to Livingston county and purchase a farm, and carried on agricultural pursuits during the balance of his life, dying May 4, I913. The mother of James V. Cunningham was born in Oceola township, Livingston county, Michigan, in I842, and is still living. James V. Cunningham was born in a* log house on the old homestead,

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Page  1969 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1969 and secured his education in the old Beaurman district school and the Brighton high school. Reared on the home farm, he remained thereon until after passing his majority and in 1893 moved to Detroit and secured a position as conductor on the street railways, remaining thus engaged for a period of ten years. Mr. Cunningham early interested himself in the affairs of the Street Railway Men's Association, of which he was elected business agent, and was twice re-elected to that position, resigning in May, I905, to accept the position of chief deputy under Sheriff James D. Burns of Wayne county. Mr. Cunningham served two terms of two years each in that capacity. Succeeding this, Mr. Cunningham was made an adjuster for the Home Telephone Company, of Detroit, but after about one year became identified with the Columbia Buggy Company, with which concern he spent a short season. Mr. Cunningham was then appointed state factory inspector for the city of Detroit, under Commissioner of Labor Fletcher, and held that office for six months, or until the expiration of Commissioner Fletcher's term of office. He was next appointed special inspector of the Wayne county board of poor commissioners, and while acting in this capacity had charge and direction of the sons over sixteen years of age of mothers who were receiving aid from the commissioners. During his term of office Mr. Cunningham found employment for more than 350 boys, who up to this time, although able, were not willing to work, although if they had done so would have been capable of earning more than the commission was allowing their mothers. Mr. Cunningham takes a pardonable pride in the fact that these boys, the greater number of whom furnish material for excellent future citizenship, have been set straight by him and for the greater part have remained so. IHe left this position to accept the position of assistant city assessor for the city of Detroit, and in I9I3 was appointed by Governor Ferris to the office of state commissioner of labor, assuming charge of the duties of that position July Ist of that year. His services have been of the highest character and his record in office has continued to be that of an energetic, thoroughly capable and progressive official. Mr. Cunningham is a member of the Knights of Columbus and the Knights of the Maccabees. Mr. Cunningham was married to Miss Mary Wilcox, of Detroit, who was born on a farm in Washington township, Macomb county, this state, the daughter of Rush Wilcox, a pioneer of Macomb county. One daughter has come to this union: Frances Evelyn. The family home is located at No. 769 Tillman street, Detroit. ALLAN B. WALLOWER. Formerly in practice at Detroit, and now one of the successful members of the Grand Rapids bar, Allan B. Wallower has had many varied and interesting experiences since he started on his own responsibility when a boy. He educated himself, has worked in various lines, was a soldier during the war with Spain, and a knowledge of men and affairs acquired by constant contact with the world has been very useful to him in his profession. The Wallower family for a number of generations lived in the vicinity of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where Allan B. Wallower was born August I5, I875. His parents were Benjamin F. and Margaret (Harren) Wallower, both natives of Pennsylvania. Grandfather John Wallower and great-grandfather Leonard Wallower were both Pennsylvanians, and the latter had a large farm near Harrisburg and was one of the prosperous early settlers in that vicinity. The maternal grandfather, Levi Harren, was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth Bates, and all their lives were spent in that county. Benjamin F. Wallower, who was born at Harrisburg July 25, I844, and who died July 27, I883, spent six and one-half years of his early career in the service of

Page  1970 1970 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the regular army and afterwards was a railroad man. During the Civil war he was in Troop F of the Twentieth Pennsylvania Cavalry until the regiment mustered out, and then was in Battery F of the Third United States Artillery until I867. He re-enlisted in the Twenty-third United States Infantry under General George Crook, and participated in many western campaigns and was stationed at various military posts throughout the country until 1870. He served with the rank of a non-commissioned officer. After his army career Benjamin F. Wallower entered the railway service, and was conductor on the Philadelphia division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, running from Harrisburg to Philadelphia, at the time of his death. He was married in Harrisburg to Margaret Harren, who was born in Cumberland county June 12, 1851, and died December I5, 1888. Of their four children three are living: Allan B.; Roland C., who is advertising manager for the Frick Company at Waynesboro, in Franklin county, Pennsylvania; and Charles W., who is district plant chief of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company at Boston. The father was affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and a Republican in politics. Allan B. Wallower attended school at Harrisburg, and at Champ Hill in Cumberland county, but was soon thrown on his own responsibilities and continued his education as a result of his own earnings. He took a business college course at Eastman College, Poughkeepsie, New York, and pursued his law studies at Detroit, graduating in I908. He was connected with the Asphalt Trlist, being located in Trinidad, British West India, and in Venezuela, from April, 900oo, to August, I903. In October, I903, Mr. Wallower came to Detroit as cashier for the Barber Asphalt Paving Company, and resigned that position in September, I904. His practice as a lawyer began in Detroit after his graduation from law college, and continued there until January I5, I913, since which date his home has been in Grand Rapids, where he already has a good practice. Mr. Wallower is a member of the First Presbyterian church of Detroit and affiliates with Zion Lodge No. i, A. F. & A. M., in the same city. In politics he is a Republican. For six years of his earlier career he served in the National Guard of Pennsylvania, as a member of Company E of the Twelfth Regiment, and held the rank of lieutenant, and later that of captain and regimental adjutant, having the latter rank at the time of his resignation. During the war with Spain he served as lieutenant in the Twelfth Pennsylvania Infantry, and while in the army fell a victim of typhoid fever and spent seven weeks in hospital. Mr. Wallower is a member of the Naval and Military Order of the SpanishAmerican war, and was recorder of that organization four years. He has again entered the National Guard and is now a lieutenant of Company B, Second Regiment Infantry of Michigan. DAVID EDWARD THOMAS. The late David Edward Thomas of Detroit was one of Michigan's most prominent insurance men, and was the founder and president until the time of his death of the National Casualty Company, one of the large indemnity and accident insurance concerns of the country. He was born at Cambridge, Michigan, June 4, 1853, and was a son of David W. and Selina (Dickenson) Thomas, natives of England, who were early citizens of Michigan. The father died when David Edward Thomas was a baby, while the mother remarried and reared her three children to lives of industry and usefulness. David E. Thomas received his educational training in the Saginaw graded and high schools and supplemented this by a course at Adrian College. He was reared as a farmer, and continued to reside on the homestead until 1875, during which period he also had six terms of ex

Page  1971 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1971 perience as a teacher in the country schools. For three years after leaving the farm he was connected with a retail grocery store, at Alpena, Michigan, in the capacity of clerk, then entering that line of business on his own account and continuing to be thus engaged for two years. Mr. Thomas then became a "knight of the road," becoming a traveling salesman for a large flour manufacturing company, but in I891 entered the business in which he was destined to become one of the leading figures in business circles of the state. He was content to enter this field in a humble capacity, and in the position of solicitor for a casualty insurance company for three years familiarized himself with every detail of the business. In 1894 he organized the National Protective Society, which at first was a very modest venture and of slow growth during the first year or so of its existence, but under the able guidance of Mr. Thomas the society grew in strength, importance and scope from year to year, until it was removed from Bay City to Detroit, and in 1904 was reorganized as the National Casualty Company, with Mr. Thomas still president and guiding spirit. Mr. Thomas died at his handsome Detroit home, April 9, I909. He was a member of the Episcopal church, of the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Detroit Club, the Fellowcraft Club, the Detroit Yacht Club, the Detroit Golf Club and the Rushmere Club. He was prominent in Masonic circles and was a thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Mason, and a member of the Order of the Mystic Shrine. On May II, I888, Mr. Thomas was united in marriage with Mrs. Maria A. Van Dusen, of Bay City, Michigan, who was born in Ontario, Canada, the daughter of Philip and Catherine (Wagner) Empey, both of whom were natives of the Dominion. She married for her first husband Jacob Van Dusen, a native of Canada, who died in I880, leaving the following children: Sue, who was with Mr. Thomas in the office in the early days of the insurance company and continued as his assistant after the business was finally established, and married William Oliver Turrell, a well-known bond broker of Detroit; Franklin, who is a resident of this city; and Walter, who is deceased. ELMER JUSTIN WrAY. One of the largest and most prosperous lumber companies of Saginaw is the Kerry & Way, the senior member of which is Charles T. Kerry, and the active manager of the business is Elmer J. Way. Mr. Way is well known in Saginaw business circles, is a man of progressive ideas and a willing worker whenever the public interest is at stake, and is a man who less than forty years of age has reached a commendable situation in life, and has his own industry and ability to thank for his success, since he started as a poor boy and earned his own education. Elmer Justin Way was born in Flushing township of Genesee county, Michigan, February 3, I876, a son of Hiram Parker and Susan (Shanks) Way. His father was born in New York and his mother in Indiana. The maternal grandfather Shanks was a veteran of the war of 1812, and lived to the remarkable age of one hundred and six years and nine months. His last years were spent in Flushing township. He was descended from the hardy Pennsylvania Dutch stock. The records for longevity of the Shanks family is further indicated by the fact that this centenarian reared a family of fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters, and all lived to maturity. Hiram P. Way, who was born in 1835, when a young man of eighteen settled in Genesee county, Michigan, was married there, and spent twenty-one years as a contractor in the making of lumber drives. Later he followed farming with equal success, and was one of

Page  1972 1972 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the men who helped develop the agricultural resources of Genesee county. His death occurred August 7, 1913, at the age of seventy-eight, in Montrose, where he had lived a retired life since I9Io. His wife passed away October i, I90o, and both are at rest in the town of Flushing. The father took an active part in township and county politics as a Republican but would never accept any office, and did his civic duties with the quiet efficiency which characterized him in business. There were six children, and their records are briefly stated as follows: Justin, who died at the age of six years; Alice, who died aged twenty-one; Byron, who is a successful farmer in Flushing, Genesee county; Eleanor, widow of Alfred Barlow, and living in Montrose; Elmer J.; and Arthur, one of the leading merchants of Montrose. Elmer J. Way is indebted to the public schools of Flushing for his early training, while he learned the lessons of industry on the home farm. During his early years he spent his vacations in selling fence rights, and in that way earned enough money to take him through college. In 1898 he graduated in commercial and shorthand course, at Ypsilanti College, and then with characteristic energy applied himself to the business of life. His first three years were spent in the employ of the Pere Marquette Railroad Company, beginning as car checker, later as weighmaster, and finally as chief clerk in the Bay City yards. Leaving the Pere Marquette, he became a commercial contractor, with the Michigan Central Railroad, and worked in that line until i908. That was the year in which he joined Mr. Charles T. Kerry in the Kerry & Way Company. They bought an ideal location with unexcelled railroad and river facilities at the corner of Bristol and Niagara Streets in Saginaw, obtaining between seven and eight acres of ground. An old mill and other buildings that occupied the grounds were razed in order to clear the property, suitable lumber sheds and modern two story brick office buildings erected, and the business has since been developed' to flourishing proportions through the energies of Mr. Way, who has active charge of the yards. At the present time thirty-five men are employed in the conduct of the business which began in a small way and has been steadily increasing each year since it was established. Besides his connection with the Kerry & Way, Mr. Way is identified with the Fred R. Welch Company, wholesale lumber dealers. In politics he is a Republican, belongs to the Methodist church, and is affiliated with the Order of Elks. On June 28, 1905, occurred his marriage with Miss Margaret Farrell, of Saginaw, a daughter of Dennis and Mary (Brown) Farrell. Mary Brown was the daughter of Michael Brown, a veteran of the Civil war in the union army, who died from the effects of wounds received in the battle of Nashville. Mrs. Way's grandmother was Margaret Whalen. Mr. and Mrs. Way have two children: Justin Farrell Way, aged six years; and Esther Margaret Way, aged five. WILLIAM ANTON WELLEMEYER, M. D. The oldest physician in point of active practice at Vassar, Michigan, Dr. William Anton Wellemeyer has attained merited distinction in the line of his calling through the exercise of natural ability, close application and strict adherence to the ethics of the profession. While the greater part of his attention has been devoted to the duties of his large practice, he has found time and inclination to devote to the needs of his community, and both as physician and citizen has gained and retained the confidence and esteem of the people of his adopted place. Doctor Wellemeyer is a native of New York state, born at Port Gibson, Ontario county, February 20, I877, a son of John Anton and Emily A. (Moore) Wellemeyer. His grandfather, Ignatz Wellemeyer, was born

Page  1973 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1973 in Germany, where he was educated, grew to manhood, learned the shoemaker's trade, and was married, and in 1842 came to the United States and settled at Port Gibson, New York, there continuing to follow his trade until his death at the age of eighty-nine years. John Anton Wellemeyer was also born in the Fatherland, and was seven years old when he accompanied his parents to America. He received his education in the village schools of the Empire state, and as a young man received his introduction to mercantile life as a clerk. He was industrious and ambitious, carefully saved his earnings, and eventually entered business on his own account, but when he had accumulated a fair competence he gratified a long cherished ambition to become a farmer and in I88I moved his family to Vassar, Michigan. Here he purchased a farm four miles north of the village, and.this has since been his home. He has been successful in his operations, by reason of his continued industry and persistent effort, and at this time is known as one of the substantial men of his part of Tuscola county. He married Emily A. Moore, who was born at Seneca Falls, New York, May 21, I839, and she died in Vassar township, April 27, I912, aged almost seventy-three years. Three sons were born to John Anton and Emily A. Wellemeyer, namely: John Bernard, who is connected in an official capacity with the Vassar postoffice and is also the owner of a handsome farm in Vassar township; Henry Moore, who is engaged in agricultural pursuits on a property adjoining that of his father; and Dr. William Anton, of this review. After graduating from the local public and high schools of Vassar, William A. Wellemeyer entered the Chicago Homeopathic Medical College, from which he was graduated in I9oo with his degree, and at once entered upon the practice of his profession at Cass City, where he remained one and one-half years. His practice there was of a satisfactory character, but he desired a wider field for the display of his abilities, and deciding that Vassar, also in Tuscola county, offered a more desirable locality, he moved to this point, which has since been the scene of his labors and successes. He holds membership in the Michigan State and Tuscola County Medical Associations and the American Institute of Homeopathy, and is a close and constant student, keeping fully abreast at all times of the advancements that are being made in the field of medicine. Fraternally, Doctor Wellemeyer is connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Masons. With his family, he attends the Methodist Episcopal church. He is a devoted student of nature, loves the woods and streams, and is fond of all out door recreations. Personally, he is of pleasing personality and his friends are legion wherever he is known. Doctor Wellemeyer was married first to Miss Agnes Leona Livingston, in 1903, she being a native of Caro and a granddaughter of the late Charles R. Selden, one of the pioneers and early treasurers of the county. She died in 1904, one year and one day after her marriage. The Doctor was married in November, 1906, at Lapeer, Michigan, to Miss Charlotte L. Bradley, who was born at Wingham, Canada, a daughter of Nelson W. Bradley, a resident of Crosswell, Michigan. Mrs. Wellemeyer is widely known in club and social circles, and chiefly in musical affairs, she being a talented vocalist and choir singer. Two children have come to Doctor and Mrs. Wellemeyer, namely: Miriam Hope, born at Vassar, August Io, I908; and Bradley Ellis, born at Vassar, March 3, I9II. EDWARD C. RUMER, M. D. Outside those special ones gained by professional training, the general qualifications for a physician are numerous. Culture and refinement are certainly prime elements of success in the

Page  1974 1974 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN medical profession; nor should anyone of less than average ability attempt to enter the calling; the training and the tests are severe, and the competition, even amongst clever qualified men, is very keen. Good physique is an essential qualification, not alone because of the strain involved in training, but of that of general practice. The physician's time is never his own-his nights are frequently broken and his meals are movable feasts. He must be a man of character-capable of firmness and swift decision in emergencies; but for all that, he must be a man of tact and of sympathy. In every particular named in the foregoing, Dr. Edward C. Rumer possesses the qualifications of the successful medical practitioner. The son of a physician, he was reared in a refined home; he inherited a natural ability and inclination, built up a robust physique in a military career, has won success in a number of hard-fought cases which demonstrated his possession of a high order of courage, and has gained friends and patients by his understanding and broad sympathy. Since 1905, when he first came to Flint, he has occupied a foremost position among this city's practitioners. Dr. Edward C. Rumer was born December 25, 1875, at Oxford, Michigan, and is a son of Dr. James F. and Melissa (Scott) Rumer. The father, a native of Ohio, came to Michigan about I868, and settled first at Pine Run. At the present time he is a resident of Davison, and is not only prominent in the ranks of his profession, but is one of the leading public men of his community, having served as state senator from Genesee county in I904 and 19o6. The mother is also living, and three of the four children survive. The eldest of his parents' children, Edward C. Rumer received his early education in the public schools of Davison. He early showed an inclination for the science of medicine, and received excellent instruction under the preceptorship of his father, with whom he studied until entering the Detroit College of Medicine, an institution from which he was graduated in 1902 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Following this he became house physician at Harper Hospital, Detroit, a capacity in which he acted until 1904, then returning to his home city of Davison to take charge of his father's practice while the elder man was serving in the state senate. In 1907 Doctor Rumer came to Flint, and this city has since been his home. He now maintains well-appointed offices at Nos. 8o05-6 Flint P. Smith building, and is in the enjoyment of a large practice which has been drawn about him by his skill and professional attainments. On April 26, I898, Doctor Rumer enlisted for service during the Spanish-American War, and participated in the Porto Rican campaign, being in the Hospital Corps during the greater part of the time and connected with General Miles' Division. He received his honorable discharge in February, I899. In I911 he was appointed first lieutenant of the Medical Reserve Corps of the United States Army by President Taft. He is a Republican, with Progressive leanings, and while a resident of Davison was elected to the office of health officer for two terms. He holds membership in the Genesee County Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Association, and his fraternal connections are with the Elks, the Knights of Pythias and the Modern Woodmen of America. He is also a member of the Phi Chi and Phi Rho Sigma medical fraternities. On October ii, I904, Doctor Rumer was united in marriage in Flint, to Miss Leonii Bardweli, daughter of Dr. H. H. Bardwell, a native of Michigan, a veteran of the Civil War, and a retired physician, who was formerly very prominent in the ranks of his profession. Two children have been born to Doctor and Mrs. Rumer: Bardwell and James McLean, aged respectively seven and eight years, bright, interesting lads who

Page  1975 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1975 are now attending the graded schools. Doctor Rumer enjoys an occasional vacation, when he goes hunting and fishing in the woods and along the streams in the northern part of the state. He is president of the local Gun Club, and has always been interested in the protection of game, and the enforcing of the game and fish laws. JOHN FREDERICK JONES. A business association of twenty years argues stability for both man and enterprise, but particularly does it reflect the ability and faithfulness of the human side of the partnership. During this period of time John Frederick Jones has been engaged in the plumbing business as a contractor, and in the same degree that he has been an important factor in the commercial life of the community, he has also been a helpful and useful citizen in those things which contribute to the public weal. A native son of Detroit, Mr. Jones was born May 3, 1872, and is a son of Griffith Jones. His father was born at Bangor, Wales, and came to the United States in I867, locating first in Detroit and subsequently moving to Wyandotte, going thence to Chicago and returning to Detroit a year later. He was an expert stair builder and for thirty-one years was foreman for the Vinton Company, later being in the employ of Henry George. He died June I, I912, aged sixty-six years. He was a son of John Jones, who passed away in Wales. Griffith Jones married Miss Elizabeth Davies, who was born in Rochester, New York, June 21, 1849, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Ostler) Davies, the former born in Wales and the latter in England. They came to the United States in 1848 in a sailing vessel, and located first at Rochester, New York, subsequently residing in Geneva and Canandaigua until I86o, when they removed to Toledo, Ohio. Two years later they moved to Cleveland, where the grandfather was engaged as a carpenter contractor for many years, several of the public schools of that city standing as monuments to his skill and good workmanship. Mrs. Jones died March 25, 1894, in the faith of the old United Presbyterian church, of which her husband was also a member, their church being located on the present site of the postoffice, where they were also married. John Frederick Jones early showed himself industrious and ambitious, for while he was still a lad attending the public schools he began to carry newspapers during his spare time and was one of the first boys to handle the Detroit Journal. When only ten years of age, in I882, he secured a position with Andrew McClellan & Company, dry goods merchants, in whose employ he spent one year as cash and parcel boy, and then became a messenger boy for the Western Union Telegraph Company. He subsequently was employed for two years in making wire and screens for Thomas Dowling, succeeding which he went to work for the American Car and Foundry Company, but left this concern July I I, 1887, to begin an apprenticeship with John Cameron, one of Detroit's oldest plumbers. After serving his four years he became a journeyman plumber and worked for John F. Higginbotham for two years, in the fall of I894 embarking in business as a contractor under his own name. He came to his present place, No. 791 Hudson avenue, corner of Linwood, in April, I901, in that year completing his handsome residence and shop. Mr. Jones has installed the fixtures in some of the leading business houses, hotels and public buildings in the city, including a number of public schools, the McClellan Avenue Police Station, the Metropole Hotel, the Victory Hotel, the Victory Annex, the Chinese Imperial Restaurant, Parker & Webb's packing house and numerous apartments and private residences. His patronage has been gained by superior workmanship and strict fidelity to every engagement, and today Mr. Jones is justly accounted one of the

Page  1976 1976 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN leading men in his line in the city. He is prominent in fraternal circles, being a member of Friendship Lodge, F. & A. M., Peninsular Chapter, Michigan Sovereign Consistory (thirty-second degree), Detroit Commandery No. I, K. T., and Moslem Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S. He also holds membership in the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange, the Master Plumbers Association and the Master Steam Fitters Association. His religious connection is with the Grand River Avenue Methodist Episcopal church, where he is acting in the capacity of member of the board of trustees. Mr. Jones was married to Miss Ella M. Briggs, who was born at Royal Oak, Oakland county, Michigan, daughter of Benjamin A. Briggs and Mary E. (Ferguson) Briggs, and to this union there have been born four children: Ella Irene, Florence M., John F., Jr., and Mabel L. J. JAY WOOD is one of the successful and enterprising young business men of Grand Rapids, who by reason of his accomplishment along an individual line of endeavor, is particularly worthy of specific mention in this historical and biographical work. Real estate activities have held his interest for the past fifteen years, and his work has been of a nature that has redounded to the general good of the city, as well as advancing his own fortunes pleasingly at the same time. Homes for working people has been the enterprise to which he has given his best attention in recent years, and there are many comfortable and well built homes in the city today that have been built by Mr. Wood and sold to honest. workmen of moderate means, but of home-loving hearts, so that he has added something to the happiness and well being of a goodly number of people in the city as well as something more material to the assets of the city. J. J. Wood was born in Franklin, Erie county, Pennsylvania, on July 16, I870, and is a son of James M. and Elvira A. (Sprague) Wood. The father, who was also, born in Erie county, is still living at the age of seventy-three. The mother was born in the northeastern part of Pennsylvania in I849. They were married in Meadville, Minnesota, in I868. James Wood served in the Civil war, though he was put to a deal of trouble to gain the privilege, for he was under age at the time of his first enlistment, and his father caught up with him and compelled his return to the home in Pennsylvania. The boy was determined, however, and he ran away from home and enlisted in the cavalry service. He was wounded by the falling of his horse. He served three and a half years, and when mustered out was quartermaster of his companyCompany L, Second Minnesota Cavalry. He went to the Minnesota home after the war, there in I868 he married Elvira A. Sprague, the daughter of Edgar M. Sprague, a Pennsylvania Dutchman, who was born and reared there. After a short residence in Minnesota they moved to Iowa and later to Kansas, taking up land and remaining there for fifteen years, when they moved to Missouri, and in I888 Mr. Wood brought his family to Grand Rapids, there identifying himself with the Bissell Carpet Sweeper Company, with which he was connected for about twenty years, retiring in I912. Of the four children born to him and his wife, J. Jay is the oldest, Rock R. is a letter carrier in Grand Rapids; Ethel E. married A. V. Forsyth, who is vice-president of the Burch Furniture'Company; Mark M. is a resident of Porterville, California, where he is a rural mail carrier, and the proprietor of a small ranch. J. M. Wood is an active member of the Wealthy Street Baptist church, and a Republican in politics. He is well established in the city that has been his home for the last twenty years, and is prominent in

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Page  1977 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1977 numerous circles. He is a son of Orrin Wood, who was born in Pennsylvania and was a prosperous brickmaker and stone mason of that state. The family is one of Welsh descent. J. J. Wood had his education in the public schools of Grand Rapids and in the Ypsilanti Normal, after which he applied himself to teaching, and for ten years was active in that work. He confined his educational activities chiefly to the village schools, and only one year of the ten was spent in the Grand Rapids schools. In those days the teaching profession was even less lucrative than it has since become, and when Mr. Wood had an offer from the Decker and Jean Company, real estate people of Grand Rapids, to join forces with them in their business he lost no time in making the change. He was associated with that firm for five years, and then entered a partnership with W. H. Kinsey. Four years later this firm was dissolved, and Mr. Wood has since been the active head of J. Jay Wood & Company, with offices in the Fourth National Bank Building. His activities in the real estate line have embraced the usual phases of the work, but he has added to it a home building department that has brought him not a little popularity, as well as some financial advancement. Recently Mr. Wood completed nine new houses, neat and attractive in appearance, and well built and satisfactory in every detail. The houses are located at Crescent street and Diamond avenue, and they were built expressly for people of moderate means, who could appreciate a cozy home and wanted to be the owner of one, but who were so hampered by lack of capital as to be unable to realize their ambition. To such as these, Mr. Wood's activities in the home building line has been a veritable godsend, for he has made it possible for many to become property owners in a way that is within their means. In addition to this feature of his work there are embraced in Mr. Wood's enterprise all kinds of real estate dealings, a feature of which is a farm department. For ten years Mr. Wood has been secretary of the local real estate board, and in the matter of his public life and his relations to the community, no better commentary on that phase of his life could be found than in the little booklet circulated by his party when he was candidate for the office of alderman in I913. The article, because of its clearness, conciseness, and devotion to facts concerning Mr. Wood, is here quoted almost in toto: "'Business Efficiency in Municipal Affairs' is the motto adopted by Mr. J. Jay Wood, candidate for alderman of the Tenth Ward, on the National Progressive Ticket. Mr. Wood stands for an efficient, a practical and a business like policy for the city. He is a progressive, keen, clear cut business man, well acquainted with every part of the city and particularly well informed of the needs of the Tenth Ward as they refer to street improvements, street car lines, street lighting, etc. The nature of his business experience has been such that he has been obliged to give much attention to the subject of taxation, apportionment and collection assessments. As a business man Mr. Wood has demonstrated a remarkable capacity for work and has always been an enthusiastic worker in behalf of a clean, healthful and homelike city. He has no hobbies to advocate and is ready at any and all times to explain his attitude toward any of the important questions now before the people, upon which the Common Council will have to pass in the near future. He is not a politician, and has never held any office, either 'elective or appointive. "He has lived in the city twenty-five years, in the Tenth ward ten years, taught school for ten years, and has been in the real estate business fourteen years. He has been secretary of the Grand Rapids Real Estate Board nine years and a member of the Wealthy Avenue Baptist

Page  1978 1978 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN church twenty years. He has a family, and owns considerable property in the ward." That Mr. Wood is a man who in his public and private life has justified the greatest confidence in his motives and in his ability will not be denied, and it is pleasing to record that his fellow citizens so far appreciated his character and purpose as to elect him to the office for which he was then a candidate. He has thus far proven himself all that his sponsors claimed for him, and has in the fullest measure lived up to their expectations in his official service. In 1895 Mr. Wood married Sadie Wells, a daughter of George M. Wells, a native of New York, and a cousin of Gideon Wells, former secretary of war. On the maternal side Mrs. Wood is a relative of former President Harrison. Two children have been born to the Wood family. Jay Wells is in school in Grand Rapids, and Oliver Warren Wood, aged five. Mrs. Wood, like her husband, is a member of the Wealthy Avenue Baptist church, and she takes an active part in the work of the church. Mr. Wood also is especially interested in church matters and he was superintendent of the Sunday-school of his church for eight years, while he was chairman of the building committee of the Baptist Temple during the process of building the part now completed. JOHN H. HOUTON, M. D. A successful young physician at Flushing, Dr. Houton has been in practice there since 1904, and is in every way well equipped by native ability and by training for a successful career. It is noteworthy that his wife is also a graduate physician, from the same school as Dr. Houton. Dr. John H. Houton was born at Dearborn, Wayne county, Michigan, May 20, I875. His parents were Edward and Mary E. (Stevens) Houton, both of whom were born in Michigan. The father was reared and educated in this state, and became a shoemaker, a trade he followed until his death in Wayne county in 1877 at the age of thirty-five years. The mother, whose parents came from Kentucky, and settled in Wayne county, and whose father was a veteran of the Civil war, was reared' and educated there, and died in 1882 at the age of thirty-eight. Dr. John H. Houton was the only child of his parents and as his mother died when he was seven years old, he was taken to the home of his grandparents to be reared. His early school attendance was curtailed after he was thirteen years old, and he had to work his own way toi a professional career. By hard work and careful economy he finally secured the means necessary to begin a medical education, and went through Michigan College of Medicine, until graduating M. D. in I904. Previous to that time he had spent three years in work as assistant in Dr. J. M. Pollard's office at St. Johns, Michigan. Immediately on his graduation in I904, Dr. Houton moved to Flushing, and has since built up a large practice. He has served as health officer and has membership in the Genesee County and State Medical Societies and the American Medical Association. The doctor is a Royal Arch Mason, and in politics is a Republican. In June, I903, at Windsor, Canada, Dr. Houton married Dr. Lillian Mae James, who was graduated from the Michigan College of Medicine M. D. in I903. She is a daughter of Richard Gainsforth, now deceased, who was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church. The doctor and wife have no children. HON. WILLIAM ALDEN SMITH. The successor of a long line of public men who have both honored and served their state, Senator William

Page  1979 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1979 Alden Smith is distinctive in his achievements, his abilities and his character. Many of the homely honest, time-tested qualities of the old school of politics are his. At the same time no man in the United States Senate exemplifies more vigorously, more sincerely, the modern ideals and ideas of our American politics. Senator Smith has vision, but also the practical idealism, of the man whose early years were disciplined by hard experience and who won business success in the keen individual competition of the last century. He has an honesty, not of the negative, myopic sort, but positive and keen in discriminating between the grades of good, bad and indifferent. With his record of fourteen years in congress from the Fifth District and of seven years in the senate, his position as one of Michigan's ablest sons needs no fortifying facts of rhetoric or apology. The brief facts of his career are as follows: William Alden Smith was born in Dowagiac, Michigan, May I2, I859. His parents were George Richard and Leah Margaret (Allen) Smith. He is a direct descendant of the original Abercrombie Smith of England, and his branch of the family settled at Salem, Massachusetts. Senator Smith on the maternal side is descended from Henry Allen of Richmond, Virginia, a man very prominent in his city, and day. Senator Smith had all the adversities and difficulties with which many American boys have had to contend, and his training was in the highest degree individualistic. A common school education started him in life, and it was a deserved compliment to his self-won scholarship and the varied attainments of a profound mind that Dartmouth College in I89I conferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. Senator Smith's home has been in Grand Rapids since 1872, when he was thirteen years old. About that time he took up the battle of life, and worked as a newsboy, was employed as a messenger in the Western Union Telegraph Office, and any work, so it was honest was not above him in those years. His introduction to the arena of legislation came with his appointment in I879, from Hon. John T. Rich, then speaker of the house, as page in the lower body of the Michigan legislature. He studied law privately and under Grand Rapids lawyers, one of whom was Robert M. Montgomery, chief justice of the Michigan supreme court. Since his admission to the bar in I883, Senator Smith has been identified with the bar of Kent county, so far as his enlarging business interests and public responsibilities have permitted him. He rapidly gained recognition as one of the leaders in his profession and had an extensive practice. Since March 17, I9o6, Mr. Smith has been the owner of the Grand Rapids Herald. Senator Smith served as a member of the Michigan State Central Committee for the Republican party in I886-I890-I892. In I894, the Fifth Michigan District elected him a member of the Fifty-Fourth Congress, and his service in the house of representatives was continuous up to the beginning of the Sixtieth Congress, from I895 to early in I907. His election to the Sixtieth Congress came without opposition. On January I5, I907, Congressman Smith was elected by the Michigan legislature to the office of United States Senator as the successor of Senator Alger, whose term was to expire on March 4, 1907. On January 28, I907, Mr. Smith resigned his seat in congress, and Senator Alger having in the meantime died, he was elected on February 5, I907, to fill out the unexpired term of about one month, and took his seat as a member of the United States Senate on February I. Six years of aggressive work in the senate made his return to that body almost inevitable so far as the judgment of the citizens of Michigan was concerned. In the meantime some changes in our political methods had occurred, and the choice of

Page  1980 1980 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN United States senators has been largely removed from the hands of the legislature,-and no one had a more effective part in that modification of old customs than Senator Smith-so that in I912 he went directly before the people to secure his endorsement as candidate of the Republican party for the office. In the primaries he received one hundred and fifty'thousand votes and at the same time the Democratic candidate for the office, Alfred Lucking, was endorsed by forty thousand votes, and nine thousand votes were cast for T. M. Joslin, the Progressive. In January, I913, the legislature gave him unanimous election for his second term, which began with the special session of April, I913. As to his record in public life, only the briefest reference can be made. No leader in the Republican party fought more consistently for primary reform than Mr. Smith. That was while representing the fifth district in congress, and as some one has said in this, as in many other movements, Senator Smith was "progressive" in the days when it was a mighty lonesome station in life. His opposition to the proposed Canadian treaties which treatened to rob Michigan of her invaluable water-power rights at Sault Ste. Marie, was conducted with such courage and tenacity that it earned him a comparison with the legendary Horatius at the Bridge. Into the senate he brought a new type of the aggressive honesty and devotion to principle, which was more characteristic of the west than of any other section of the country. Consistently with this character he voted on every occasion against the continued presence of Lorimer and Stephenson in the senate body. As a member of the committee on foreign relations, Senator Smith has again and again proved himself a foe of the so-called "Dollar Diplomacy." He was chairman of the committee on territory and did a very prominent work in securing the entry of Arizona and New Mexico as the last continental territories of the United States. His work as chairman of the investigating committee, on the Titanic disaster is still fresh in the minds of the public, and it is noteworthy that the fearless manner in which he carried on that investigation and impressed the lessons of the calamity was productive of reforms which have increased the safety of ocean travel a hundred per cent, and that the continued need of vigilance in this direction is recognized by him, is shown by his prompt support of methods which might obviate some of the fatalities such as occurred in the disasters to the Volturno. Both in private and business life, Senator Smith has been noted for his affability and for his direct sympathy with all who have a legitimate call upon his services. A successful man of affairs, he is a living example of the fact that high achievements in the business world are not inconsistent with an incor. ruptible integrity. Every honor paid him by the public has been worthily won, and it is not conceivable that William Alden Smith will grow less, but rather greater, in both his state and the nation. On October 2I, I886, Senator Smith married Miss Nana Osterhaut, a daughter of Peter Osterhaut, a prominent lumberman of Grand Rapids. Their son and only child is William Alden Smith, Jr., who was born April 21, 1893, was educated at St. Mark's Preparatory School, in Southboro, Massachusetts, and in the University of Michigan, and is now secretary of the Grand Rapids Herald Publishing Company. William Alden Smith, Jr., was married November II, 1913, to Miss Marie McRea, daughter of Milton A. McRea of Detroit. HARRY GRAY HALL. An electrical engineer with a reputation for abilitv that classes him among the foremost in that industry in the state of Michigan, Harry Gray Hall is now managing extensive properties of the Eastern Michigan Edison Company, in eastern Michigan, with head

Page  1981 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1981 quarters at Mt. Clemens. Like many other workers in this field, Mr. Hall is a young man, but at the age of twenty-seven has earned and qualified for a position that is of itself a tribute to, his thorough ability and skill as an executive and technical expert. Harry Gray Hall was born in Mason, Michigan, July 3, I886. His father, Fred M. Hall, was born in New York State, a son of George A. Hall, who came out to Michigan and settled on a farm near Mason. George A. Hall was born in England, and his settlement in Michigan occurred about I855. Fred M. Hall has long been one of Mason's leading hardware merchants and successful business men, and at the same time has taken much part in local affairs, having served as township supervisor, as alderman and postmaster of his city, and always a worker for the substantial interest of his party. He is a Democrat and a Presbyterian. Fred M. Hall married Helen A. Gray, who was born in New York State and was brought to Michigan by her father, who was likewise one of the early farmer settlers near Mason. She is still living and the mother of four children. Harry Gray Hall, who was the third in the family, grew up near Mason, remained on the farm until fifteen, and found his first employment as clerk in the store of his father, at Mason. While there he thoroughly learned all the details of the hardware trade, and developed his tastes and formulated his plans for a technical career. After three years of study in the engineering department of the Michigan Agricultural College, he moved to Detroit, and took up the active work of his profession. In I904 he found employment as an underground cable man, with the Detroit Edison Company. A year later he was advanced to the engineering department, which retained his services until the spring of I9IO, in which year the Detroit Edison Company established the Eastern Michigan Edison Company, with Mr. Hall in the position of division engineer of the Oakland division. In the discharge of those duties, he lived at Rochester two years, and then returned to Detroit to take charge of the appraisal of all the Eastern Michigan Edison properties. That work kept him busy for one year, and he was once more brought into the practical field as electrical engineer of the Eastern Michigan Edison Company, with supervision over all the property of the company. In August, 1912, he was made division manager of the St. Clair division, with headquarters at Mt. Clemens. Mr. Hall is a Democrat, is member of the Masonic Lodge No. 70 at Mason, belongs to Rochester Chapter No. I37, R. A. M., and to the Council No. 8, R. & S. M. at Mt. Clemens. He also belongs to the Business Men's Association of Mt. Clemens, to the Detroit Board of Commerce, Detroit Engineering Society, American Institute of Electrical Engineers and National Electric Light Association. At Detroit, on November I2, I906, he married Miss Edwina Lloyd, who was born at Detroit, a daughter of Harper A. Lloyd. Their home is at I6 Mosher Place WILLARD JAMES NASH. Although one of the younger members of the Saginaw county bar, Willard James Nash has nevertheless won an enviable place among his professional brethren and as a practitioner has secured! a liberal and representative clientage during the eight years of his connection with the courts of the county. He is equally well known in political circles and the signal services he is rendering his community in the capacity of member of the state legislature have placed him high in the confidence of his fellow citizens. Mr. Nash was born in Genesee township, Genesee county, Michigan, May 28, I879, a son of Franklin and Rose (Albertson) Nash. Vol. IV-15

Page  1982 1982 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN James Nash, the grandfather of Willard James Nash, was born near the city of London, England, and was the founder of the family in the United States, settling inl Oakland county, Michigan, as a pioneer during the early 'forties. A well-known trail blazer, he continued to follow agricultural pursuits during the remainder of his life, and through industry and perseverance became one of the substantial men of his day. Franklin J. Nash was born in Oakland township, Oakland county, Michigan, and there received a district school education and grew to manhood. When he embarked upon a career of his own he removed to Genesee county, and in partnership with Frank Jaques cleared and cultivated a farm of 240 acres. Several years later the partnership was dissolved, Mr. Nash disposing of his interests and removing to Lapeer county, where'he became superintendent of the large farm belonging to Dike Cooley, with whom he remained as manager until I889. In that year he purchased a farm in Tuscola county, which he still owns. He also has large land holdings in Alberta, Canada. He married Miss Rose Albertson, also a native of Oakland county, and they became the parents of five children, namely: Edna M., who became the wife of Fred Topping, of Alberta, Canada, an agriculturist; Willard James, of this review; Franklin Nash, Jr., connected with the United States mail service at Cass City, Michigan; Alvah Wood, who is engaged in business at Bad Axe, Michigan; and one child now deceased. Willard James Nash was granted excellent educational advantages in his youth, attending the public schools of Lapeer and Tuscola counties, and subsequently entering the Ferris Institute at Big Rapids, Michigan, where he spent the years of I9OI and I902 in preparatory work. Following this he accepted a position as stenographer with the Anchor Line Steamship Company, at Chicago, and during his leisure time while thus employed read law in the offices of King & O'Connor of that city, having decided upon a professional career. Later, while still employed in the daytime, he took advantage of the opportunities offered in the night sessions of the John Marshall Law School, Chicago, and thus prepared, in 1903 entered the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. He was graduated from the law department of that institution in the class of I905, and in that same fall was admitted to the bar and began practice at Saginaw. About one year later, deciding there was a more prolific field for his activities in St. Charles, he came to this city, which has since been the scene of his success. He has proved himself an earnest and untiring worker in the interests of his profession, and his devotion to his clients' interests is proverbial. Great care and precision mark his preparation of cases, and before court or jury he is a logical, convincing advocate, commanding the respect of bench and bar by his strict fairness and unfailing courtesy. He is a valued member of the Saginaw County Bar Association, and at present is attorney fo.r the State Bank of St. Charles and other large interests. Mr. Nash has long been connected with Democratic politics, being widely known as a stump speaker in his district, and his personal popularity is shown by the fact that in the fall of I912 he was elected to the state legislature on the democratic ticket in a district strongly Republican. Fraternally, Mr. Nash is connected with St. Charles Lodge No. 313 of the Masonic fraternity and with the Foresters. On June 24, I908, Mr. Nash was married to Miss Dona B. McLachlan, a native of Washtenaw county, Michigan, and a daughter of Donald P. and Catherine (Walker) McLachlan, natives respectively of New Brunswick and Germany. Doctor McLachlan was a prominent physician and served as a member of the Forty-seventh state legislature. Mrs. Nash, who became acquainted with her husband while she was a teacher in

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Page  1983 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1983 the public schools of Ann Arbor, is a lady of culture and refinement and is widely known and very popular in social circles of St. Charles. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Nash: Donald Franklin, who was born March 31, I909; Willard Vincent, born April 22, 1910; and Rebecca Jean, born January I, I914, all at St. Charles. WILFRED C. LELAND. General Manager of the Cadillac Motor Car Company of Detroit, Wilfred C. Leland, who succeeded his father in that position, has been identified with engine and motor car manufacture for a number of years, and is one of the best known business men of Detroit. Wilfred Chester Leland was born at Worcester, Massachusetts, November 7, I869, a son of Henry M. Leland, who was one of the most important factors in the development of what is now the great business of the Cadillac Motor Car Company. Mr. Leland was educated in the public schools of Worcester, also in the schools of Providence, Rhode Island, and attended both the University of Ohio at Columbus and Brown University at Providence. On leaving college he became associated with his father in the manufacture of machinery, especially in the product of marine and automobile engines. By successive stages the industry with which he became connected when a young man developed into what is now the Cadillac Motor Car Company and his own experience and skill have entered into the finished efficiency of the splendid machines that now bear the Cadillac name. Mr. Leland is prominent in both business and social affairs in Detroit, belongs to the Zeta Psi college fraternity, affiliates with Corinthian Lodge No. 241, A. F. & A. M., and is a member of the Detroit Club, the Detroit Boat Club, the Detroit Automobile Club, the Detroit Golf Club and innumerable benevolent and trade organizations. He is an active member of the Westminster Presbyterian church and a member of the official board of the National and State Young Men's Christian Association. On June 27, I907, Mr. Leland married Miss Blanch Mollineau Dewey, daughter-of the late Judge Dewey of Detroit. They have one son, Wilfred Chester Jr., born April 6, I908. HON. WILLIAM B. BROWN. Judge of the Circuit court of Kent county, William B. Brown has practiced law in Grand Rapids since 1895, but during the greater part of this time has worked in public office and has made a record of singular efficiency in behalf of the public. Judge Brown was born in Kent county, Michigan, July I, I865, a son of Hugh B. and Harriet (Lewis) Brown, the former a native of Scotland and the latter of London, England. They both came to America before marriage and began their home life in Kent county. Hugh B. Brown was a prominent farmer in Kent county, and for about forty years was honored with the office of justice of the peace. He died in 1908, and is survived by his widow, whose home is now in Grand Rapids. They were the parents of nine children, of whom Judge Brown was the sixth in order of birth. Reared on a 'farm, William B. Brown attended the district schools near his home until he was about sixteen years old. After six months of study in the Northern Indiana Normal School at Valparaiso, in I882, at the age of seventeen he taught his first term of school in his home district. In I884 he returned to Valparaiso for another six months of study, and continued teaching in his home county up to the spring of 1889. Entering Olivet College, he took the scientific course and graduated with the class of I894. For a short time he traveled for the Franklin Educational Company, of Chicago, and in I893 came to Grand Rapids, where he entered the law office of Alfred Wolcott, who was

Page  1984 1984 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN then serving as prosecuting attorney of this county. Judge Brown from his boyhood on the farm has always had the faculty of being able to work hard and concentrate his mind, and these characteristics enabled him to advance rapidly in his preparation for the bar. He was admitted to practice in I895, and then continued in Mr. Wolcott's office until the latter's term of prosecuting attorney expired, in January, 1897. In the meantime, at the end of 1896, Mr. Brown was elected circuit court commissioner, beginning his duties in January, 1897, and was re-elected in the fall of 1898. His work as circuit court commissioner was followed by his election in 1900 to the office of prosecuting attorney, and by re-elections in I902 and 1904 he served three terms, two terms up to that time being the customary limit of service in this office. However, the precedent was broken in the case of Mr. Brown. He then resumed the practice of law, which he continued from January I, 1907, to December 31, 1908. In the fall of 19o8 he was again returned to the office of prosecuting attorney and re-elected in the fall of I9IO, thus continuing in the office until February, I912. At that time he took up the duties of circuit judge, to which office he had been appointed by Governor Osborne in December, 1911. While in every case which came up during his tenure of the office of prosecuting attorney, Mr. Brown displayed the energy of the efficient and fearless prosecutor, it was in connection with the famous water deal scandal that he made a reputation placing him in the same class with such remarkable figures in modern public affairs as Joseph W. Folk. As this case is a part of recent history it will not be necessary to more than mention it, but it is remembered as one of the most difficult on account of the tangled issues presented for the prosecution. Mr. Brown himself went to New York to bring back the invaluable witness Garman, and although Garman claimed he was offered five thousand dollars if he would go to Italy and refuse to be a witness, he was persuaded to return with Mr. Brown. Among other noted cases with which Mr. Brown was connected may be mentioned those of The People versus Jennie Flood, convicted of murder in the first degree in October, 1902; The People versus Sartori, also convicted of murder in the first degree, in October, 1909; and the Kilts Estate versus Kent County. Kilts was killed by the falling of the water tower at the county home. This suit resulted in judgment of no cause of action as to Kent county. In December, 1911, Governor Osborn, as above stated, appointed Mr. Brown circuit judge, and he was regularly elected to that office in November, 1912. On the 3oth of October, 1895, the Judge was united in marriage with Miss Mattie Patterson, daughter of Frank and Laura Stowe Patterson. They are the parents of two children, William Kenneth, born May 22, 1898, and now in high school, and Genevieve, born March 4, 1901, and attending grammar school. Judge Brown is a prominent Mason, belongs to a number of local societies and organizations, and is a Republican in politics. His home in Grand Rapids is at 153 Clifton Place. JOSEPH WALSH was born in the City of Port Huron in the year I867 and is the son of Thomas and Mary J. Walsh. His father and mother were both born in Ireland and came to the City of Port Huron in the early days of the city. His early education was in the Port Huron Schools, following which he attended college at Sandwich, Ontario, and at the St. Michaels College, Toronto, and the Toronto University. He took up the study of law in the law office of Alex R. Avery and later was admitted to the bar, February 21, 1889. For many years he was associated with Alex R. Avery and Lincoln Avery, the firm at one time be

Page  1985 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1985 ing known as Avery Brothers and Walsh. After the death of Alex R. Avery, the firm was known as Avery and Walsh. After many years of association between Lincoln Avery and Joseph Walsh, they finally separated. Mr. Walsh has associated his brother, William R. Walsh, with himself and they are now engaged in the practice of law in Port Huron under the firm name of Walsh and Walsh. As a young man he became private in the Michigan National Guards, enlisting at Port Huron, and later was advanced to the rank of Captain. In I896 he was appointed inspector general of the state, with the rank of Brigadier General. Two years later when the unpleasantness with Spain came to a head with the declaration of war, he became captain of Company F, Thirty-third Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, with which organizations he saw service in Cuba. On his return he was appointed major upon the staff of Governor Warner, and subsequently served in a like capacity upon Governor McGurrin's staff. JAMES HOSKING. The life experience of Mr. Hosking comprises a varied line of activities in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. He has been a merchant, a mining engineer, and it was his trend for mechanics and machinery that led him into his present field of work. He is now officially identified with the Munising Electric Light plant, has developed that public utility to a degree of splendid service, and through his work and his influence is regarded as one of the leading citizens of that city. James Hosking has spent practically all his life in the Upper Peninsula. He was born at Huron, Houghton county, Michigan, in 1863, a son of William T. and Elizabeth (Spargo) Hosking. His father died in I906 and his mother in I898. The occupation of his father was that of mining captain in the copper and iron regions. Much of his work was as advance man in locating new properties. One of his achievements was the location of the Isle Royal Mine at Huron. About fifteen years before his death he retired, and lived in comfort. There were eleven children.in the family, and seven are now deceased. James Hosking, who was the third youngest in the family, attended school in.the country and also at Huron up to the time he was fourteen years of age. When sixteen he found a job in weighing ore at the iron mines. When the Menominee range was first opened the Hosking family moved to that locality, and James worked in different capacities until he was twenty-two, in the meantime managing to save some money. In 1885 the family moved to Gogebic range, locating at Hurley, where his father had charge of several properties, and James assisted him in their management. That line of work did not give him a feeling of satisfaction and his discontent arose from the fact that he regarded his activities as the wrong sphere, since all his inclination was towards machinery and mechanics. As a result, he finally bought a half interest in a hardware business at Norway, Michigan. He was then twenty-five years of age. Six months later a fire brought this venture to a disastrous conclusion, resulting in the loss of his savings and capital. An incident of the fire was that his young child was discovered to be in the burning building, and at the risk of his own life, and the suffering of some severe burns, Mr. Hosking rescued the boy. Such was his credit and reputation as a young business man that he was offered a new stock of goods to enter business again. However, at the age of twenty-six he took charge of the machinery in a furniture factory at Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and remained there three years. In I894 Mr. Hosking found work in the Concentrating Plant at Iron Mountain, Michigan, and in I896 took charge of the plant of the Iron Mountain Electric Light & Power Com

Page  1986 1986 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN pany. In I898 and for three years following he operated a steam shovel for the Oliver Mining Company at Iron River. His next work was. as chief engineer of the Electric Light & Waterworks plant at Norway. In I904 Mr. Belknap of Munising approached him with the proposition to take charge of the Munising Electric Light & Power plant. That brought him to his present field of endeavor. After several years as superintendent of the plant, in I908 Mr. Hosking, in partnership with M. A. Doty of Munising, bought the plant outright from Mr. Belknap. Mr. Hosking is now vice president and manager of the company and has full charge of its operation. Mr. Doty is president and H. H. Hitt is secretary and treasurer. The development of this public utility is the best illustra tion of Mr. Hosking's ability and business judgment. The plant at the beginning had a capacity of seventy-five kilowatts, and in the past ten years has been increased to three hundred and fifty kilowatts. The equipment has also been changed from a single phase circuit to a three phase, so that it can furnish power not only for lighting but also for motors without any interruption. The development of the plant is of course an illustration of the rapid growth of the town of Munising. An evidence of this is that the plant started with I20 meters in service, and now has 364. A noteworthy feature is that the plant has not been shut down five hours all told during the last five years, a continuous service in the highest degree commendable. At the present time the company is also installing a central heating plant. Seven men are employed, and they work six and a half days a week and are paid for the seven full days. It is a group of contented and loyal employes, and the one strict rule by which all abide is that the man found intoxicated either on or off duty is at once discharged. Mr. Hosking in order not to interrupt his regular work and at the same time increase his efficiency, took a course in mechanical and electrical engineering at the Scranton School of Correspondence, and that proved of great assistance in his present work. Mr. Hosking is a Democrat, is a member of the Iron Mountain Blue Lodge and of the Munising Royal Arch Chapter in Masonry. As a citizen of Munising he stands ready to help in every enterprise for its best welfare. He is particularly devoted to his home. In I888 occurred his marriage to Mary Elizabeth High, daughter of William B. and Sarah (Johnson) High, formerly of Ludington, Michigan, and now deceased. Mrs. Hosking is a graduate of a convent at Oconto, Wisconsin. She is a Presbyterian, active in the Ladies' Aid Society, and in the Woman's Club and the Eastern Star. Six children have been born to their union, two of whom are deceased. Those living are: Lina, born in I889; Oakley, born in I892; Charles, born in I900; and Almeda, born in I903. FRANCIS THOMAS MCDONALD. The qualifications and characteristics desirable to the attainment of prominence in the legal profession are of so varied and peculiar a character thaty but few men are found to possess them. A mind of more than ordinary activity, with great receptive power and equally retentive, a will strong to assert and indomitable in resolution and persistence, and a spirit unfearing and upright, are necessary assets. Perhaps it is in the profession of law more than in any other that these talents and gifts are given full play to assert themselves. The prizes offered to the eminent are numerous and splendid, but talent alone cannot win; prolonged and close application must accompany. Of Francis Thomas McDonald, still in his thirties, however guardedly one must speak on the score of youth, it may be stated unhesitatingly that

Page  1987 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1987 none of the younger generation of lawyers of Michigan gives nobler promise of future achievement. Mr. McDonald was born February 3, 1877, at Clarkson, Monroe county, New York, and is a son of James and Catherine (Foye) McDonald, the former of whom, a farmer, died in I889, while the latter survives and resides at Brockport, New York. After attending the Clarkson public schools, Francis T. McDonald became a student at Brockport Academy, from which institution he was graduated at the age of eighteen years, and in I896 entered the law department of the University of Michigan, receiving his degree of Bachelor of Laws and graduating with the class of I899. At that time he was admitted to the bar of Michigan, and from I9oo until I904 was connected with the law firm of Bissell, Carey & Cook of Buffalo, New York, of which President Cleveland was at one time a member. In the fall of I904 Mr. McDonald came to Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, which city has since continued to be his field of practice. Aside from his large and representative practice, Mr. McDonald has been almost constantly a factor in Democratic politics. He has been a member of the school board for three years, and at this time is city attorney. In I908 he was the Democratic candidate for secretary of state, but owing to the large Republican majority met with defeat. In I912 he was asked to make the race for lieutenant governor but declined, and in that year campaigned the state in the interests of President Wilson and Governor Ferris. He is counsel for McArthur Brothers Company, contractors, H. C. Johnson & Company, lumbermen of Drummond Island, Jerry Madden Shingle Company, of Rapid River, which is now operating in Trout Lake township, Chippewa county, and attorney for the London Guarantee & Accident Company, of Chicago, in their compensation cases. He belongs to the various organizations of his profession, and is prominent in the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, being past exalted ruler and a member of Soo Lodge No. 552. He is a member of the Soo Club and other social organizations, and belongs to the Roman Catholic church. Mr. McDonald has been a heavy investor in real estate in this vicinity. He is resident attorney for the American Surety Company of New York. In September, I908, Mr. McDonald was married to Miss Mabel Inglehart, daughter of Jake and Frances (McMahon) Inglehart, of Saginaw, Michigan, the former deceased, and the latter now residing with Mr. and Mrs. McDonald. They have one child: Francis John, born in I914. Mrs. McDonald is a graduate of Loretto Academy, and has taken a prominent part in social and club life in Sault Ste. Marie, being a member of the Women's Reading Club and other societies. HON. SHERMAN THEODORE HANDY. Many distinctions are associated with this well known citizen of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. For more than twenty years he has been engaged in the practice of law and his record has been such as to classify him, as one of the strongest attorneys in the northern part of the state. Besides the various local offices which come in the matter of course to able young lawyers, and in which he made a record of special skill, he has served in the legislature, has performed a large amount of real public service to the entire district of upper Michigan, and at the present time is occupied with the office of mayor of Sault Ste. Marie and chairman of the board of public works. As a city executive he is not the kind of man to take his work as mere routine, and has exercised his influence for better and more efficient government in every way, and is particularly emphasizing the movement for a cleaner and more beautiful city. Mr. Handy is the only resident of

Page  1988 1988 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN the Upper Peninsula who has membership on the board of directors of the Michigan State Fair, having succeeded Judge Holden in that capacity in I908. Sherman Theodore Handy was born at Morpeth, Howard township, Kent county, Ontario, April 3, 1867, and has an interesting record of family ancestry. He was the second of seven children born to Collins and Elizabeth Watson Handy, the former born in Kent county, Ontario, in 1838, and the latter at Port Hope, Ontario, in I843. His mother died in 1895 and his father in I908. The grandfather, whose name was also Collins Handy, was born in Wallingford, Canada, April 7, I811, and died at Highgate, Ontario, January 7, I908, being the oldest pioneer in Kent county. He attained the venerable age of ninety-eight years and nine months. The first Handys were Baltic mariners, who entered England at the time of William the Conqueror. Another family that early became connected with the Handys was that of Moss, which in 1704 was transplanted from England to the State of Connecticut, and in a later generation Lois, a daughter of Ebenezer Moss, married Henry Handy on November 7, 1785, and the third of their five children was grandfather Collins Handy. From Salisbury, New York, Collins Handy and a brother moved to Port Stanley in Ontario in 1831, making the trip from Buffalo in a small sailing craft. From Port Stanley the brothers continued westward and erected the first houses in Oxford township of Kent county, and employed their skill in the erection of a number of other early dwellings in that section. Grandfather Collins Handy married Rebecca Baldwin on April 22, 1833, and afterwards was associated with his father-inlaw, Captain David Baldwin, in the buying and selling of grain and in other commercial enterprises. In 1832 they had charge of the mail service from St. Thomas to Madden, near Amherstburg, and at that time the only postoffice on the route was at Port Burwell. In 1835 Collins Handy bought from Captain Baldwin a lot in Howard township of Kent county, built a fine home, and sold the property in I907, after it had been in his possession and his home for more than seventy years. Collins and Rebecca Handy reared a' family of eleven children, third among whom was Collins Handy, Jr. The latter spent his entire life on the farm where he was born, and was one of the honored citizens of Kent county. He filled offices of trust in the locality, and was affiliated with the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and he and his wife were members of the Universalist church. Sherman T. Handy has had a career in which the chief elements of success have been his native ability and his splendid energy in creating for himself opportunities for advancement. As a boy on an Ontario farm, he found plenty of work in the summer and was a pupil in the district schools during the winter months. In I88o, in line with his ambition to get higher training, he became a student in the Ridgetown Collegiate Institute, and paid his expenses by manual labor and other employment through the summer seasons. His limited resources made strict economy a necessity, and while in college he lived in a small room and boarded himself. By the same system of self-denial and hard work he paid his way through Stratford University at Stratford, and was graduated a member of the class of I889. Then followed another summer of hard work on the farm, and in the fall of I889, with some assistance from his father, entered the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and continued a' diligent student of the law until graduated LL. B. in I891. After his admission to the bar, he came up into the Northern Peninsula in February, I892, and in that section of Michigan his career has been worked out, with what success has already been

Page  1989 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1989 indicated. His first place of practice was Crystal Falls, the pioneer center of Iron county, and until the following July he was a member of the firm of Kairns & Handy, and then bought his partner's interest. With such energy and ability did he apply himself to his chosen profession that his novitiate was brief, and he was soon noted as an aggressive and determined lawyer who fought all his cases to a satisfactory termination. Mr. Handy was engaged in individual practice at Crystal Falls until July I, I895, and until October, 1897, was associated with Frederick H. Abbott under the name of Handy & Abbott. In the meantime the people of Iron county had shown their confidence in his ability by electing him in I894 as circuit court commissioner, and in I896 prosecuting attorney. It was while prosecuting attorney of Iron county that Mr. Handy established his reputation as a lawyer beyond question. At the beginning of his term he was the youngest prosecuting attorney in the state, and his versatile ability in the trial of causes was shown in his successful prosecution of Peter Bonds for the murder of Pearl Morrison of Crystal Falls on July 26, 1897. This crime was considered one of the most heinous ever committed in Michigan, and recently a writer referred to Bonds as one of the most hardened criminals in America. As a result of Mr. Handy's prosecution this criminal was convicted to a life sentence in the state penitentiary. In I898 Mr. Handy was the choice of the convention for a second term as prosecuting attorney but at the succeeding legislative convention in the Dickinson District, after a deadlock lasting for a number of days, Mr. Handy was; tendered the nomination as a compromise candidate, and resigned his place on the county ticket in order to make the campaign for the legislature. As a Republican he was elected to the legislature by a good majority and saw active service during the session of I899-I90I. The district represented by him included Dickinson, Iron and Baraga counties. A special honor that was paid him while in the house was his choice as speaker pro tem in the session of I901. It would be possible to dwell somewhat at length on his legislative record, but one instance must suffice. It was largely due to his brilliant opposition, his convincing and logical array of statistics, that the legislature refused to pass the bill imposing a tax of two cents per' ton on iron ore, a tax which would have seriously injured the great industries of the Northern Peninsula. After the close of his legislative career another honor might have been his had not the obligations of his private practice caused him to decline the nomination for lieutenant governor, which was urged upon him by prominent members of the party. In I9OI Mr. Handy moved to Sault Ste. Marie, and has continued his career as a lawyer with increasing success and responsibility. Official honors followed him in his new home, and in 1907 he was elected city attorney and was re-elected for several terms. In 1913 came his election to the office of mayor and chairman of the board of public works. Mr. Handy is a man of engaging personality, has a large following of friends all over the state, and as a lawyer has few equals in his profession. In business affairs he has some important connections, including a directorship in the Munising Veneer Company and in the Wynn Pneumatic Puncture Proof Tire Company. He and his wife are both members of the Presbyterian church, and fraternally he is identified with Bethel Lodge No. 358 A. F. & A. M., and has served as chairman of the Committee of Appeals of the Michigan Grand Lodge;, with Sault Ste. Marie Chapter No. 129, R. A. M.; Crystal Falls Council No. 26, R. & S. M.; Sault Ste. Marie Commandery No. 47, K. T.; and Ahmed Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Marquette. Mr. Handy is also a member of the Elks Lodge in Sault Ste. Marie.

Page  1990 1990 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN On December 31, 1895, Mr. Handy married Miss Leora A. Anderson, who is a native of Dowagiac, Michigan, the oldest of three children of Rev. D. R. and Mary (Averill) Anderson. Her father was born at Paw Paw, Michigan, became prominent as a clergyman of the Congregational church, and during the Civil war was chaplain of the Nineteenth Michigan Volunteer Infantry, being captured and for some time held a prisoner in the notorious Libby prison. Mr. and Mrs. Handy have one son, Theodore Anderson Handy, born December 19, I896. EDWARD JOHN CHATELLE. A man of broad thoughts and liberal opinions, energetic and enthusiastic in his work, Edward John Chatelle, of St. Ignace, is one of the popular newspaper men of Mackinac county, and as editor and proprietor of The Republican-News, of above named city, is widely and favorably known. A son of Nels Chatelle, he was born, October 15, I880, in Manistee, Michigan. Moving with his family to St. Ignace in 1893, Nels Chatelle has since been a resident of that place, at the present writing, in I914, being employed as freight clerk on the railroad docks. He is quite active in local affairs, and is rendering excellent service as supervisor from the Fourth Ward. To him and his wife, whose maiden name was Almira Haggerty, four children have been born, three of whom are living, Edward John being the second child in order of birth. Spending his earlier years in Manistee, Edward John Chatelle there obtained his preliminary education. Coming with his parents to St. Ignace in 1893, he continued his studies at the high school for two years, leaving in 1895 to work in the sawmill of the J. A. Jameson Lumber Company. In 1896 he again entered the St. Ignace High school, which he attended a year, when he returned to his old position in the sawmill, and during the ensuing winter was employed in the lumber woods. In 1898 he began an apprenticeship at the printer's trade in the office of the St. Ignace Republican, which was edited and published by P. D. Bissell, and there remained until 1907, during the latter part of the time being foreman of the office. Entering then into partnership with his father-in-law, T. W. F. Welden, Mr. Chatelle was for two years engaged in the timber business, investing in several large tracts of timber, and getting out logs, ties, posts and poles, an operation that proved very successful. At the end of two years the partnership was dissolved, and Mr. Chatelle operated independently for one winter. On March I, I90o, Mr. Chatelle purchased the plant of the Republican-News, which was a combination of the old St. Ignace News and the St. Ignace Republican, and embarked on his journalistic career. Buying new machinery and appliances of the latest approved modern style and manufacture, he has an up-to-date office in regard to its equipments. Under his wise and systematic management the circulation of his paper has been increased from a subscription list of three hundred and fifty copies to nine hundred paid-up subscriptions aside from the exchanges. This paper now contains eight pages of good reading matter, all home print, and as a wide-awake, progressive sheet is being published in the highest and best interests of the community, Mr. Chatelle being a leader in thought as well as in action. Mr. Chatelle married, in 1907, Miss Alice Welden, a daughter of Thomas W. F. and Lavinia (Prophet) Welden, residents of St. Ignace, where Mr. Welden is carrying on a substantial business as a lumberman and general contractor. Mrs. Chatelle was educated in the St. Ignace High school, which ranks highest among the educational institutions of Mackinac county. She is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church,

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Page  1991 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1991 and an interested worker in the Ladies' Aid Society. Mr. and Mrs. Chatelle have one child, Welden John Chatelle, born December 23, 1908. Fraternally Mr. Chatelle belongs to St. Ignace Lodge No. 369, Free & Accepted Masons; to the Mackinac Chapter No. I34 Royal Arch Masons; and is a member, and past chancellor, of Gateway City Lodge, No. 93, Knights of Pythias. He is a stanch Republican in politics, and has served as a delegate to different conventions, including a district convention that met at Ishpeming, two state conventions that met in Detroit, and in I9II was a delegate to the convention in Bay City that elected a delegate to the National Convention. VICTOR JOSEPH LEJEUNE. One of Detroit's most successful building contractors and real estate men was born and reared and received his early training in Belgium, came from there a stranger in a strange land, successfully confronted all the conditions and competition, and though still in his early thirties has won a peculiarly successful place in Detroit affairs. Victor J. Lejeune was born in Flemalle Haute, province of DeLeige, Belgium, August 8, 1882, a son of William and Elizabeth (Noderdom) Lejeune. His father was a mason contractor in Belgium, and died at the old home in that country in 1895, when forty-one years of age. His widow is still living and in Belgium. The common schools of his native town afforded Victor J. Lejeune the fundamentals of a literary training, but he became practically self supporting when twelve years of age, and thereafter his education was acquired by attending night school for six years. His first experience in the mason's trade was when he was eleven years of age, and he worked with his father until the latter's death. Three years were spent as a journeyman in Belgium, and in I902 Mr. Lejeune crossed the ocean to the United States, first locating in Toledo, Ohio, but after a year moved to Detroit. After one year of experience as a journeyman he had the courage and enterprise to engage in contracting under his own name, and in the past ten years few of his competitors in that field have handled so large and important a business as Mr. Lejeune. The most of his work has been done in the Fairview district of Detroit, and among the many contracts which he has successfully handled may be mentioned the following: A ten-house terrace on Woodward and Monterey in Highland Park; the Cowcy building on Park View avenue; the Gladwin Park Theatre; The Jefferson Avenue Hardware Company's building; The Fairview Home Bakery; the Kircheval-Fisher Hardware Company's building; the ten-house terrace on Jefferson and Baldwin avenues; the Michigan Electric building on Charlevoix avenue; and many other apartment houses, private residences, etc. In recent years he has contracted on an average for about one hundred and twenty houses annually. He is also extensively engaged in the real estate business, being the senior member of the firm of Lejeune & Rivard, and they handle all classes of Detroit real estate and also build and sell homes. Mr. Lejeune is a popular member of the Wolverine Automobile Club. He married Miss Julia Whitmore, of Grosse Pointe, and they have two sons. ALBERT E. RANSOM. During an active career of more than thirty years, Mr. Ransom has been closely identified with educational and newspaper work in Genesee county. He has been with the Flushing Observer since I882, and the only important interruption to his career in an edi

Page  1992 1992 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN torial chair was the seven years spent as county commissioner of schools in Genesee county. Albert E. Ransom was born in Flushing township, Genesee county, April 23, 1858. The Ransom family has been identified with Michigan since the early days, and another branch of the same name produced former governor Epaphroditus Ransom. Mr. Ransom's parents were Robert C. and Angeline (Smith) Ransom. Both parents were natives of New York, and were brought to Michigan when children, the respective families having been among the early families of Genesee county. The father followed farming as his vocation, until his death in I890 at the age of sixty-nine and was a man of substantial worth and much influence in his community. The mother, who was born in I825, died at the age of seventy-three in I903. Mr. Albert E. Ransom, the fifth in a family of seven children, grew up on a farm, attended school in the country, and later graduated from the high school at Flushing. In preparation for school work he took special courses, and was master of district schools in different parts of the county. In 1882 he acquired ownership of the Flushing Observer, a newspaper plant which under his vigorous management at once was vitalized and the paper has since had a profitable circulation and a large influence on the thought and life of the community. He closed his active editorial connection with the paper in I891 to take up his duties as county commissioner of schools, and held that position from I891 to 1897. With the end of his official term, he went back to newspaper work, and is still publishing the Observer. Mr. Ransom is a director in the People's State Bank of Flushing. As a citizen of his home community, he has been honored with every village office at Flushing, has served as township clerk, and was elected on the school board in I888. In politics he is a Republican, and fraternally is affiliated with the Masonic Order and the Genesee Valley Commandery. At Flushing, in I88o, occurred his marriage with Miss Elizabeth Grinnell, a daughter of William and Jane Grinnell, of Genesee county. Mrs. Ransom died in I909 at the age of fifty-one years, leaving one daughter, Agnes Ransom, who was born at Flushing, in I886, graduated from the high school, and now lives with her father. REV. JOSEPH L. POULIN, pastor of Notre Dame de la Visitation. at West Bay City, Michigan, was born March I6, I866, at St. John's. Province of Quebec, Canada, and is a son of Louis and Malvina (Ducharme) Poulin. He is of French descent, and his paternal ancestors were among the very first settlers who came from France and settled on the St. Lawrence river. Louis Poulin was born in I829, at St. Joachim, Quebec, and the mother in I835, at Champlain, New York, and both still survive. Their family consisted of twelve children, seven sons and five daughters, of whom ten children are still living, and Joseph L. was the fourth in order of birth. Father Poulin received his early education at the College de L'Assumption, Province of Quebec, from which he was graduated in I889, and took his degrees from Laval University. In the following year he entered Grand Seminary at Montreal, to complete his philosophical and theological studies, and was ordained priest, December 22, 1894, by the Archbishop of Montreal, the Rt. Rev. Edward C. Fabre, for the Diocese of Grand Rapids, Michigan. His first field of labor was Au Sable, where he was sent as assistant pastor January io, I895, and on November ioth of the same year he was appointed the first pastor of St. Ann's

Page  1993 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1993 church, Harrisville, Michigan, with charge of St. Raphael's Church, Mikado, and St. Gabriel's Church, Black River, Michigan. In the early nineties the congregation of St. Mary's, West Bay City, had become sc large that it was decided to divide it and to organize the French members into another church. Land was secured at the corner of State and Smith streets, and in the fall of 1895 the work of building the basement of the church was completed, being built of stone, and for the past eighteen years services have been held here pending the completion of the church. When the new French church was first organized, Rev. John Sanson was appointed its first priest, and remained in charge until February 22, 1904, when he was succeeded by Father Poulin. Notre Dame de la Visitation was consecrated June 21, I914, by Rt. Rev. Joseph Schumbs, of Toledo, Ohio, after an outlay of $I25,000, $Ioo,ooo of which will have been for the building alone. The framework is of steel, the exterior is of the finest grade of pressed brick and the interior is of purest Gothic design, and it is one of the finest church edifices in the entire Saginaw Valley. It is a matter of pride with its pastor and builder that not one dollar of indebtedness has been incurred in its erection and completion, but as the funds have been acquired the building has continued to progress. Father Poulin, in addition to his large and constantly-growing congregation, has also the supervision of a parochial school wherein are taught eight grades, with an additional course of two years in commercial work. This school has an enrollment of 295 pupils and ranks among the leading institutions in the state. The spiritual and material welfare of his congregation, together with the religious and educational development of his pupils, combine to make no small task, yet Father Poulin has been able to give his personal attention to every detail connected with the building of his church, and never tires of the many and varied duties imposed upon him. His labors have been zealous, long and faithful, and find their appreciation in the love and reverence of his people unto whom he has endeared himself by his great heart, his loving sympathy, his tolerance and his unbounded patience. AUGUSTUS C. CARTON. Elected in I912 as commissioner of the State Land Office of Michigan, Mr. Carton has had a long and varied experience in public affairs, beginning, it may be said, when as a boy he was a messenger in the House of Representatives, and one of the house clerks, and for a number of years now he has been identified chiefly with the land office or related affairs. Augustus C. Carton was born on a farm in the town of Clayton, in Genesee county, Michigan, August 15, I87I. His parents, John and Ann (McGuire) Carton, were both natives of Ireland, but first became known to each other at Flint, Michigan, after they had emigrated. They were married at Flint, and the father followed farming up to the time of his death in 1898, when he was in advanced years. His wife died in I903 when seventy-four years old. Augustus C. Carton grew up on the home farm, in Genesee county, attended first the district schools and later the Flint high school, and for a time was a student in the Michigan Agricultural College at Lansing. It was while a messenger boy in the House of Representatives that he was appointed assistant engrossing and enrolling clerk of the house. On leaving college Mr. Carton went into northern Michigan, and for three years was a teacher in Ogemaw county. Another year was spent in a Chicago publishing house, after which he returned to Genesee county, and took charge of the old school in Clayton township, which he had at

Page  1994 1994 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN tended as a boy. His service there as schoolmaster continued three terms. Returning to the northern regions of the state he became identified with the lumbering and shingle industry in Ogemaw county, and there remained for about ten years, until his plant was destroyed by fire. At the end of that time, Mr. Carton took a clerkship in the State Land Office at Lansing, and following the enactment of the law of 1899 providing for the survey of the St. Clair Flats, he represented the state in that survey as business manager during I900-190I-I902. As commissioner of the State Land Office he is a member of the Board of Control, which is settling tihe affairs of the St. Clair Flats. In I904 Mr. Carton became agriculturist for the Tawas Sugar Company at East Tawas, Michigan, and remained there three years. In I906 came his election to the State Senate from the Twenty-Eighth district, and at the end of one term he declined a renomination offered him unanimously. In I9IO Mr. Carton was appointed deputy land commissioner and subsequently appointed secretary of the public domain commission, the duties of which he performed in addition to those connected with his office as deputy land commissioner. Mr. Carton has been the only secretary of the public domain commission, and as the duties of that office in the last three or four years since the commission was created have increased very largely, it became necessary for him to resign as deputy land commissioner, and give all his attention to the public domain body. The public domain commission by the law creating it is also an immigration commission for Michigan, and Mr. Carton was appointed the commissioner of immigration to carry out those functions of the commission. In 1912 the Republican State Convention nominated Mr. Carton for commissioner of the State Land Office, and in November of that year he was successful in election, and took up the duties of his office on January I, I913. He still continues to perform the duties of Secretary of the Public Domain Commission, and also as commissioner of immigration. His office as land commissioner makes him by law a member of the Public Domain Commission. In 1904 Mr. Carton married Miss Josephine Grace Hazelton, a daughter of the late Elias Hazelton of Lansing. They are the parents of two children, namely: John Hazelton Carton, aged seven years; and Betty, aged fourteen months. HON. CARL E. MAPES. The Fifth Michigan district in November, 1912, sent as its representative to Congress, a prominent young Grand Rapids lawyer, who has been in practice in that city since 1899, and had previous legislative experience in both the house and senate of Michigan. Carl E. Mapes is a native of Michigan, his family having lived in the state since 1845, and comes of a prominent old family. The Mapes ancestors came from England in 1649 and settled in New York. There were twenty-three soldiers of the name who bore arms in the patriot army during the revolution, and several fought under General Washington and suffered with that leader at Valley Forge. Again in the War of 1812, there was one Mapes who was a captain, and Col. Samuel Mapes headed a regiment from Livingston county, New York. Though many of the names have thus gained distinction in military affairs and have in various communities been honored with civil office, Carl E. Mapes is the first of the names to enter the halls of congress. Carl E. Mapes was born on a farm in Kalamo township of Eaton county, December 26, I874. His parents were Silas W. and Sarah A. (Brooks) Mapes. His father was a native of New York state and came to Michigan in I845. The parents are now living retired at Olivet, and during their active career the father followed farming. For a number

Page  1995 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1995 of years he served as president of a fire insurance company, and in his community held the office of justice of the peace and was otherwise honored as a man of substantial ability. There were eight children in the family, four of whom are living, and the Grand Rapids congressman was sixth in order of birth. As a boy he grew up on a farm, attended country schools, and subsequently was a student three years in the public schools of Olivet, and two years in a preparatory school, and his regular academic work was taken during four years in Olivet College. In I896 Mr. Mapes entered the law department of the University of Michigan, where he remained three years. On completing his course at the University, he came to Grand Rapids, in I899, and has since looked after an increasing private practice and become a figure in political affairs. For four years he was an assistant in the office of the prosecuting attorney. In I905 his first important political honor was given him at his election to the lower house of representatives in which he served one term. In I909 he was elected to the state senate and reelected in I9 1, resigning from that office to take a seat in the sixty-third congress in the spring of I914. Mr. Mapes was married August 14, I907, to Miss Julia Pike, daughter of Abram W. Pike, an early settler of Grand Rapids. Mrs. Mapes was educated in the Grand Rapids schools and the University of Michigan. They are the parents of two sons and a daughter: Robert W., John P. and Jane. Mr. Mapes is a member of the Universalist church. Mr. Mapes is one of the Republican leaders in the Fifth District, as a lawyer he has his offices in the Widdecomb Building, with his residence at 239 Morris Avenue. F. 0. GAFFNEY. Cadillac has been the home and scene of labor of a number of men who have not only led lives that should serve as an inspiration for those who come after them, but have also been of important service to their city and state through various avenues of usefulness. Among them must be numbered F. 0. Gaffney, who has been successful in the practice of law, has been a prominent factor in the progress and development which have marked the city's growth, and has been repeatedly honored by his fellow-citizens by election to positions of public trust and responsibility. Mr. Gaffney was born in Detroit, Michigan, February 21, 1858, and is a son of John and Ellen (Foy) Gaffney, and a grandson of Owen Gaffney and Matthew Foy, the grandparents on both the paternal and maternal sides spending their entire lives in Ireland. John Gaffney was born in Ireland in I833, and received a limited education in the schools of his native country. He was a lad of fourteen years when he came to the United States and located in the city of Detroit, where during the next twelve years he worked as a laborer. He was married there in 1857 to Ellen Foy, who was born in Ireland in 1836, and two years later, seeking a home, walked to Livingston county, a trip of about forty-four miles, there renting a log house in a section known as Pleasant Valley. After a few months he returned to Detroit for his wife and child. and on coming back to Livingston county commenced working by the day. He was industrious and enterprising, made the most of his opportunities and carefully saved his earnings, and eventually, with the help of his sons, purchased a tract of eighty acres of land, for which he paid $2,870. To this he added I io acres some years later, and finally another piece of ten acres, so that at the time of his death, in I886, he had 200 acres of good land. He was a Democrat in politics, and served three years as moderator of his school district. His religious faith was that of the Catholic church,

Page  1996 1996 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN as was that of his wife, who survived him until September, I912. They were the parents of eight children, as follows: Edward, a farmer of Lake City; Adelbert J., Thomas H., William and Steven, all farmers of Livingston county; Ella, who married Charles Russell, of Detroit; and John, who is a mine driller of Hibbing, Minnesota, and F. O., of this review, the first born. F. O. Gaffney was an infant when brought to Livingston county by his parents, and here he received good educational advantages, attending the district schools, the Brighton High school, the Ann Arbor High school, and the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, where he took a law course, although he did not graduate. In the spring of I884 he was admitted to the bar by Judge Joslyn, and at once commenced practice at Lake City, where in July of the same year he formed a partnership with J. L. McClear. From I886 to I889 he served as postmaster of Lake City, under the administration of President Cleveland, and also was prosecuting attorney of Missaukee county, but resigned that office in I889. He was again elected prosecuting attorney in I890, was re-elected to that office, and was then beaten once and elected for two terms more. In the spring of 189o he was elected president of Lake City, an office in which he served one year, and in 1893 was again sent to that office, in which he served thirteen years. While a resident of Lake City he also acted for sixteen years as a member of the school board. In the fall of 1906 Mr. Gaffney came to Cadillac and established himself in the practice of law, in which he has continued to be engaged with marked success. He has steadily advanced in the ranks of his calling, and his reputation as an able and learned legist has brought him a large share of the city's important legal business. When he came here he had fully decided to remain away from the struggles of the political arena, but his abilities could not long remain unrecognized, and he was finally persuaded by his friends to make the race for mayor on a nonpartisan ticket, although this is a Republican city. In the election that followed he defeated his opponent, Charles C. Douhan, by fifty-two votes, on the largest ballot ever cast, although he was subsequently beaten by Mr. Douhan by eighty votes. In the meantime he served as city attorney during I908 and I909, and in I9I3 was elected one of the commissioners to prepare a new charter for the city of Cadillac, which was subsequently accepted by.the people. On January 15, 1914, Mr. Gaffney received the appointment to the postmastership of Cadillac, and this was confirmed by the Senate, February I7, I9I4. He is giving the people excellent service in his official capacity, and. as in all his other offices, is evidencing his high regard for the responsibilities of the trust and confidence placed in him. While Mr. Gaffney's law practice has been heavy and the duties of his various offices onerous, he has found time to engage in various enterprises of a business nature. He is known in financial circles as one of the principal owners of the Missaukee County Bank and the Falmouth Bank, and is largely interested in farming and farming lands. He is possessed of excellent organizing and executive ability, and took an active interest in organizing the Cadillac Turpentine Company and the Cadillac Chair Company, and is now one of the directors of the Cadillac Chair Company. Honorable in business, loyal in citizenship, prompt and efficient in the discharge of public duty, and firm and loyal in his friendships, he may truly be accounted one of the foremost men in a community not lacking for men of stalwart character. He is a member of the Catholic church, and here also his influence has been felt, for he has been a liberal contributor to religion, and is serving actively as a member of the board of trustees. He is also president of the State Federation of Catholic Societies. His fra

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Page  1997 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1997 ternal connections include membership in the Elks, the Knights of Columbus and the Catholic Knights and Ladies of America. On November 25, I884, Mr. Gaffney was married to Miss Helena Miltner, of Livingston county, Michigan, and to them there have been born four children: Louise, who is deceased; George, a resident of Detroit; Florence, who is attending Trinity College, Washington, D. C.; and Mary, a high school student. WILLIAM FRANKLIN ENGLISH, M. D. No other class of citizens has greater opportunities for practical social service than the physician, and by the very nature and force of circumstances surrounding medical practice, the profession calls for social service of the highest type. Among the physicians of Saginaw, whose careers have been distinguished by special attainments, not only as individual practitioners, but also in the larger field of the public health movement, Dr. William F. English is esteemed not only as a very successful physician, but as a practical philanthropist, and in recent years has done as much as any other one citizen for the betterment and improvement of those measures which safeguard the health of the public, particularly the school children. William Frank English was born at Jeddo in St. Clair county, Michigan, August 14, I867, the son of a pioneer family in that part of the state. When he was small his parents removed to Sanilac county and settled at Mills, which became their permanent home. His father was a hard working farmer, and belonged to the old school of industrious and rugged citizenship. His parents were William and Mary Ann (Mills) English. His father, born in Canada, in I832, came to Michigan at the age of twenty, settling on a farm in St. Clair county. He was in that section among the settlers who had cleared out the forest and made the first improvements in a wilderness, and his first habitation was constructed out of rough timber and logs, and it was in that house that Dr. English first saw the light of day. The old cabin was still standing until a few years ago. The father continued farming operations up to within a few years, and then on account of feeble health retired, and was prevailed upon to make his home in peace and comfort with a son at Croswell, Michigan. The mother who was born in England in I83I, was brought as a child to Canada, where she grew up and was married. Most of her education was obtained from Canadian schools. Her death occurred at Sandusky, Michigan, in 1903, and her body now rests in the family cemetery at Mills, Michigan. Dr. English, seventh in a family of nine children, was not only born in a log cabin, but the first school he attended was conducted in a small wood building in Sanilac county. To reach that school required a walk of several miles back and forth each day, and its instruction was of a primitive character. He could attend school only during the winter months, and during the summer as soon as he was gifted with a boy's strength he helped his father perform the manifold duties of a farm. For a period of seven years Dr. English taught school in the "Thumb" country of Michigan. Later the family resources were such that he was able to enter the Northern Ohio University, but left that institution before,his graduation. By work in other lines he eventually accumulated some money, and then entered the medical department of Wooster University at Cleveland, Ohio, taking part of the course there, and then entering the Saginaw Valley Medical College, where he was graduated in I9oo. In looking over the general field and selecting a place to practice, Saginaw seemed best adapted to his needs, and since I900 his practice has been growing and has brought him not only many Vol. IV-1 6

Page  1998 1998 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN opportunities for service, but also the material success which his work has well merited. Dr. English is obstetrician and secretary to the staff of the Woman's Hospital of Saginaw, and surgeon to the Saginaw Coal Co., and the Saginaw, Flint & Bay City Railway. He is a member of the board of education, with which body he has been connected for a number of years, and he introduced and had passed the bill for the sanitation and medical inspection of the schools. The introduction of sanitary measures into the schools is largely due to the energetic work of Dr. English, and it is a matter of pride that the health of the school children has materially improved since the beginning of these reforms. A local paper quoted Dr. English in March, Igog, with the following statement regarding the beginning of this important work: "In Saginaw several physicians volunteered to sacrifice time and expense for the benefit of public health to prove the efficiency of medical inspection at home. Beginning February I, 90o9, free service was continued for a period of six weeks. During this time 470 pupils were examined, 233 notes of information were sent to parents, 77 children were placed under medical treatment, and 85 excluded from school because of existing disease." Dr. English has membership in the County and State Medical Societies, and the American Medical Association, and is one of the few members in Michigan who belong to the National Legislation Medical Department for the improvement of sanitary conditions in community life. He has written many articles on scientific subjects and medical inspection of schools. From a public article on the latter subject, written in I909, by Dr. English, a few sentences may properly be quoted: "In assuming medical inspection the state does not trespass upon the domain of private rights; simply informs the parent of the needs of his child, which he would not otherwise know, and leaves the parent to meet those needs. By protecting the child the state protects itself by insuring efficiency of its citizens, not only on the education of intelligence, but on physical health and vigor. It is reasonable that if training in intelligence may be made mandatory, so, also, is the training for physical soundness and capacity.... Wherever established, the good results of such inspection have been evident. Epidemics have been avoided, a better classification as to the course of study has been worked out, and parents and teachers have come to know that it is safe for children to continue in school in time of threatened or actual epidemic, and the realization is dawning that it is unbusinesslike to figure too closely on the cost of the school doctor and disregard the cost of death and disease. If an education is to be attained at the sacrifice of health it is useless. "When the work is new, as in Saginaw, some questions may arise as to objections on the part of parents concerning interference with the family physician, or interruption with school work, etc., which it seems are not tenable if those connected with such supervision and the medical fraternity work together for the common interests of the movement. As to the legal aspect of the question, the board of education does not exceed to a great degree the power now exercised by sending cases of suspected illness home and requiring a certificate of good health for their return." Dr. English belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Saginaw Board of Trade, the Good Roads Commission, the Canoe Club, the Winter Club, an Exclusive Literary Society, the East Saginaw Club, and other local organizations. At Marlette, Michigan, in I894, Dr. English married Miss Kate Hager, daughter of Abraham Hager, a well known pioneer. The doctor and wife have a beautiful daughter, Mildred David English, now six

Page  1999 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1999 years of age. Mrs. English is well known in Woman's Club circles, is a social leader, and is a vigorous exponent of the Woman's Rights movement, and the social centers work of the country. Dr. English has taken post-graduate work at various times in the New York and Chicago Post-Graduate hospitals. Fond of travel, practically all his leisure time is spent in that way, and his travel is most for pleasure and education. He and his wife reside in one of the finest homes of Saginaw, and have the facilities and the taste for the enjoyment of life, and at the same time he is performing valuable services to his fellowmen. PAUL G. TAYLOR, born at Port Huron on the Ioth of April, 1875, energetic in business as a young man, and of more recent years the head of an enterprise which adds materially to the prestige of his city in industrial circles. Starting in the lumber trade in a humble capacity, by untiring energy he has developed a trade which extends all over this section of the state, and as president of the Center Lumber Company must be accounted one of the forcible business men of his city. Mr. Taylor is a son of Edward Bancroft and Maria Stryker (Newcomb) Taylor, the former a native of Wisconsin and the latter of Pennsylvania. Edward Bancroft Taylor moved from Wisconsin to Pennsylvania prior to the outbreak of the Civil War, and there enlisted as a private in the Seventy-first Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Almost the first engagement of any importance in which his regiment participated was that at Ball's Bluff, where Mr. Taylor had the misfortune to lose his right arm, in the explosion of a shell. This nearly caused his death, but a rugged constitution pulled him through and after some months in the hospital he was able to continue in the government service. He was given charge of the arsenal at Philadelphia, and continued in this responsible position until the close of the war. In I866 he came to Michigan, and here, in spite of the handicap of his misfortune was able to make a distinct success of his business operations. For many years he was the proprietor of a planing mill, located on the present site of Port Huron, was city comptroller for a long period, and during the last fifteen years of his life served.as adjutant general at the Soldiers' Home, Grand Rapids, Michigan. He died April 28, I90o, aged sixty-nine years, after a long and useful career, in which he at all times merited the respect and esteem in which he was held by his fellow citizens. Mr. Taylor was married at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Miss Maria Stryker Newcomb, who was born, reared and educated in that city, and she still survives the father and lives at Port Huron. Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Taylor, namely: Mrs. John M. Wright, a resident of Detroit, Michigan; Mrs. Edith Papson, who lives in Washington, D. C.; John W., a business man of Century, Florida; Edward B., whose home is in Detroit; and Paul G. The youngest of his parents' children, Paul C. Taylor, received his education in the public schools of Port Huron, following his graduation from which he secured an appointment as page to the speaker of the House of Representatives at Lansing, there continuing to serve through two terms. He then received his introduction to the lumber business, with Frank D. Jenks, of Port Huron, and continued in his employ until I9To, in which year was formed the Center Lumber Company, with the following officers: Paul G. Taylor, president; Frank D. Jenks, vicepresident; and H. S. Owens, secretary. This company maintains offices at No. I70I Stone street, and has grown to be one of the leading enterprises of its kind in the city, the product being lumber and building material of all kinds. Mr. Taylor possesses excellent executive ability,

Page  2000 2000 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN and the causes which have led to his success are to be found along the lines of well-tried and old-time maxims-honesty, fair dealing, perseverance and fidelity-all these he has strictly adhered to, not alone upon his own part, but has also required the same qualities from his employes. He is a member of the board of directors of the Port Huron Business Men's Association and of the advisory board of the Young Men's Christian Association, and is prominent in fraternal circles as a member of the Masons, in which he is senior deacon of the Blue Lodge; the Woodmen of the World, and the Hoo Hoos. On April 26, 1905, Mr. Taylor was married in Port Huron, Michigan, to Miss Helen Grace Wakeham, daughter of John C. and Mary A. Wakeham, pioneers of Port Huron, who are still living in this city. One child has come to this union: Colmore Newcomb, born December 26, 1908, who died at the age of twenty-two months. FREDERICK J. AND CHRISTIAN REITTER. For many years the Reitter family have been identified with farming, business and civic affairs in the Saginaw Valley, and for more than a quarter of a century the brothers above mentioned were associated in the development and management of the leading German weekly newspaper of Northern Michigan, published at Saginaw under the title Post-Zeitung. The father of the brothers was Christian Reitter, who was born in Bietigheim, Wiirtemberg, Germany, came to America in 1849, and settling in the woods of Saginaw county became one of the pioneers in that valley, and went through all the experiences and hardships of early settlement. Up to I86i he conducted a small country store at Blumfield, and in that year moved to Frankenmuth, where he followed the trade of carpenter, and under appointment from President Lincoln he held the office of postmaster until i865. In the latter year the family again returned to Blumfield, and there the father exhibited his pioner enterprise by beginning the clearing of another farm. Frederick and Christian being the oldest sons, and then young boys with considerable strength in their bodies, had a good share of that pioneer undertaking. The family consisted of three sons and six daughters. In 'I858 Christian Reitter married Anna Marie Walz, a native of Egenhausen, Wiirtemberg. Germany. Both parents are now deceased and rest in Blumfield cemetery. Frederick J. Reitter was born in Saginaw county, in Blumfield township, March 29, I859. His education came from the country schools of the county, and in I887 he and his brother Christian engaged in the printing business at Saginaw, and began the publication of the German weekly, the Saginaw Post. In 1898 they bought the Saginaw Zeitung and the Saginaw Sonntagsblatt, consolidating these enterprises under the composite title of Saginaw Post-Zeitung. Both brothers were practical men in the printing and publishing business, and while developing an influential journal also built up a large printing business. In 1907 they erected a modern brick building for the sole use of their printing and publishing enterprise. In I909 they bought out the George P. Smith Printing Company, and at that time incorporated under the firm name of F. & C. Reitter Company. On January I, I914, the business was sold to Seeman & Peters. Frederick J. Reitter is a Democrat in politics, a member of the Germania and Arbeiter German Societies, and of the German Lutheran church. On November 29, I888, he married Miss Martha Stolz, who was born in Saginaw, daughter of George H. Stolz. Their two children are: Rose Reitter, a teacher in the public schools; and Carl C. Reitter, a Lutheran minister at Terre Haute, Indiana.

Page  2001 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2001 Christian Reitter, the younger of the two brothers, was born in Saginaw county April 13, I860, was educated in the country schools, and became practically self-supporting at the age of thirteen, working for several years on the homestead with his father, and after 1887 taking an active part in the printing business with his brother. Both the Reitter brothers are stockholders in the Herzog Art Furniture Company of Saginaw. Christian Reitter lives at I300 Germania avenue and owns other real estate in the city. He is likewise a Democrat in politics, has served as a member of the Board of Education, has been prominent in municipal affairs, having been a member of the Board of Police Commissioners, of which board he was president for two terms, was a member of the Saginaw Board of Trade, is a member of the Masonic Order, the Germania and Arbeiter Societies and active in the German Lutheran church. On April 12, 1887, he married Maggie Fox of Saginaw. They have two sons: Raymond F. and Harold C. IORIN MARSH PAGE. The late Lorin Marsh Page was distinguished as one who had to his credit more than half a century of continued residence in Grand Rapids, and it will not be denied that such a record is no empty distinction. He was born at Concord, Vermont, on March 28, 1811, and he died in this city in I900, when he was eighty-nine years of age. The son of Enos Page, who was New England born and bred and who came to Michigan when late in life and spent his declining days with his son, Mr. Page was a resident of his native community until the year I836. He had his early education in the schools of Concord, and also furthered his training by a course of study in a London (Ontario) Academy. He served an apprenticeship to the painter's trade, and when he was twenty-five years old came to Grand Rapids, then a small village, but a growing one. For a time he occupied himself at various employments, but eventually he drifted into the house painting business, in which he continued successfully for some time. He had, in school, given special attention to the subject of accounting and was regarded as an expert in that line, so that he gained considerable prominence as an auditor of accounts, and his services were in demand by the banks and merchants of the city, in which work he was occupied for a good many years. In 1837 Mr. Page was married in Grand Rapids to Miss Jane Soper, who was born in Dutchess county, New York, on the 28th of January, 1813, and was thus about two years younger than her husband. Darius Winsom of Grand Rapids performed the ceremony that made them one. The wife and mother lived to the fine old age of eighty-seven years. and reared a goodly family of nine children, whose names follow: John, Fernando, Adeline, Charles F., James B., Enos, Jessie, David and Frances M. Of these, Fernando, Charles F., James B. and Enos served in the Civil war. Fernando lost both legs at the battle of Yorktown, Virginia, and for thirty-two years he was gallery door-keeper at the House of Representatives in Washington. He is now deceased. Charles F. was killed at the battle of Spottsylvania Court House, and James B. and Enos still survive. JOHN BALL. Noteworthy among the earlier and more prominent settlers of Grand Rapids was John Ball, who was distinguished not only for the honored New England ancestry from which he traced his descent, but for his own life and works. He was born at Tenny's Hill, Hebron, New Hampshire, November 12, 1794, and was a descendant in the seventh generation of John Ball, the immigrant, the line of descent

Page  2002 2002 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN being as follows: John (I), Nathaniel (2), Nathaniel (3), Nathaniel (4), Ebenezer (5), Nathaniel (6), and John (7). John (I) Ball emigrated from Wellshire, England, to America in 1650, bringing with him two sons, Nathaniel and John. IHe located in Concord, Massachusetts, and was there a resident until his death. Nathaniel (2) Ball came from England with his father, and subsequently lived with his wife, Mary, in Concord, Massachusetts. Nathaniel (3) Ball, born July 3, 1663, married Mary Brooks. Nathaniel (4) Ball, September 7, I692, married Sarah Baker. Ebenezer (5) Ball was born December 20, 1721. He moved in early life to Hollis, New Hampshire. In I775 he was one of the "Minute Men," and during the Revolutionary war served for eight months as a member of Captain Reuben Dow's Company, with his comrades serving under General Prescott at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He married Sarah Gookin, and to them several children were born. Nathaniel (6) Ball was born in Massachusetts, January 24, I751. He accompanied the family to New Hampshire, and, as the History of Hollis, that state, shows, was also a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Migrating to Hebron, New Hampshire, he purchased a large farm on Tenny's Hill, and was there successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits until his death, the farm which he cleared and improved being now owned by his descendants. His death occurred May 30, 1834, when upwards of four score years of age. To him and his wife ten children were born, nine of whom grew to years of maturity. During the days of his boyhood and youth John (7) Ball assisted his father in the care of the home farm, in the meantime making the most of every offered opportunity for advancing his education. As a young man he earned enough money by teaching to take a preparatory course at Franklin Academy, after which he again taught for a few terms. Having accumulated some money, although not enough to pay his expenses through the entire college course, he entered Dartmouth College, and when the time for his graduation came he was in debt to the college for $200. His classmates endorsed his notes, and he was graduated with the class of 1820, among the members of his class having been George P. Marsh and Rufus Choate. After leaving college Mr. Ball taught school and studied law in Lansingburg, New York, for two years. Deciding then to go South, he embarked, in New York City, for Georgia. The vessel on which he took passage was wrecked off the coast of Georgia, and the Captain was drowned. Mr. Ball, who was among the saved, reached Darien, Georgia, friendless and penniless. Soon securing a situation as teacher near Savannah, he taught there six months, and then returned to Lansingburg. He was subsequently admitted to the New York bar at Utica, and later was engaged in the practice of his profession at Troy, New York, where he was elected justice of the peace. Soon after he had accepted that office, Mr. Ball's brother-in-law, William Powers, who owned and operated an oil cloth factory, was burned to death, and at the solicitation of his sister he assumed the management of the factory. He was very successful as manager of the works, finding new markets for the output of the factory, and paying all of the debts. He then turned the business over to his sister, Mrs. Powers. In 1832 Mr. Ball joined a small company headed by Captain Wyeth of Salem, Massachusetts, and started for Oregon. The party went first to Baltimore, thence by train to Fredericksburg, Maryland, the terminus of the railroad, and from there by land and water to Saint Louis, Missouri. There he and his comrades met and joined a fur trader, William Sublette, who was to command a party going across the plains. The

Page  2003 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2003 united companies, consisting of eighty men, left Saint Louis on the i8th of April with three hundred horses and a lot of cattle that were to be slaughtered for food. These brave men safely made their way across the dreary plains, and over the rugged mountains, being the third party to cross the Rockies. In Idaho Mr. Sublette and his contingent halted, but Captain Wyeth with his little band of twelve men continued westward to Fort Vancouver, Oregon, arriving there on October 29, 1832, having journeyed continuously for seven months. Mr. Ball opened a school in that locality, his pupils being half-breeds, and in the spring of 1833 he sowed ten acres of wheat. He is now represented in Oregon history as having been the first school teacher in that state, and the first man to sow wheat. In the fall of I833, having decided to make a change for better or worse, Mr. Ball sold his crop of wheat, receiving a sufficient sum of money to pay his passage to the Sandwich Islands. Stopping while en route at San Francisco, he there met General Fegeurao, and at Honolulu had the honor of dining with the king. Taking passage there in a whaling vessel, Mr. Ball sailed to Rio Janeiro. While in that city Mr. Ball formed the acquaintance of Captain Farragut, later known as Commodore Farragut, who was then in command of a man-of-war. Entering the Captain's service as a clerk, Mr. Ball made the homeward trip with him, landing at Hampton Roads on July I6, I834. Making his way to his early home in Hebron, New Hampshire, Mr. Ball found his mother living, but his father had died while he was away. Returning then to Troy, New York, he resumed the practice of his profession, remaining there until I836. Coming to Michigan in that year, he arrived in Grand Rapids on the I8th day of October. The following winter was an open one, and he spent much of his time prospecting in Kent, Ottawa and Muskegon counties. In the spring of 1837 Mr. Ball became a permanent resident of Grand Rapids, and dealt extensively in lands, in that business making many trips on horseback to Detroit. In the fall of 1837 he was elected as a representative to the State Legislature, and later'he was appointed by Governor Barry to select the lands given by the United States to Michigan. In 1840 he formed a partnership with A. D. Rathburn, and was for several years actively engaged in the practice of law in Grand Rapids, where his death occurred in 1883. His wife, whose maiden name was Mary Webster, was born in Plymouth, New Hampshire, a daughter of Arthur L. and Ruth (Powers) Webster, and died in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1884. They reared five children, namely: Frank W., Kate, Flora, John H., and Lucy. The youngest child, Miss Lucy Barry, was for ten years librarian at the Grand Rapids Public Library, and has written several interesting papers on the early history of the city. ANDREW C. SISMAN. Among the general contracting firms of Detroit which have won prnminence not only in this but in other cities of the state, one of the foremost is the Schmied-Sisman Company, of which Andrew C. Sisman is vice-president and treasurer. Mr. Sisman has been connected with the building interests of the City of Detroit for more than a quarter of a century, and his activities have contributed materially to the growth and development of a municipality which he has seen grow to a population of half a million souls. He is a native of Detroit, born February 29, I868, a son of O. C. and Mary (Kalsow) Sisman, both of. whom were born in Germany and came to America when they were children. The paternal grandfather, Louis Sisman, was the founder of his family in Detroit, while the Kalsow family was founded in this city by

Page  2004 2004 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Charles Kalsow, the maternal grandfather. Mrs. Sisman passed away in 1905, while the father is still living and makes his home in Detroit. Andrew C. Sisman was given good educational advantages in his youth, first attending the public schools and subsequently taking a course in the old Goldsmith's Business College. In 1884 he became office boy for the old firm of Nuppenau & Clark, where he received his introduction to the contracting business, and that firm later became Vinton Company, contractors. When the new firm was established Mr. Sisman was made bookkeeper, and from that time on rose rapidly in the company, of which he eventually became secretary and treasurer and a director. In I908 Mr. Sisman left Vinton Company and assisted in the organization of the present concern, which was incorporated on June Ist of that year as the Schmied-Sisman Company, of which Mr. Sisman became secretary and treasurer, and of which he is now vice-president and treasurer. This is now one of the largest general contracting firms in the State of Michigan, and among the numerous large and important structures in which it has executed the carpenter and interior wood work may be mentioned: Large Y. M. C. A. addition, Detroit; Contagious Disease Hospital; Universal Motor Truck Company building; Knights of Columbus building; Detroit Stove Works, warehouses; Chalmers Motor Company, factory building and offices; Morgan & Wright, warehouses; Normal Training School, Detroit; Louis K. Liggett Company's new building; Trumbull Avenue Presbyterian church addition; J. L. Hudson Company buildings, Woodward Avenue; and D. M. Ferry, residence, Grosse Pointe. They are also general contractors for the following: Brooklyn Theater, Michigan Avenue; Garland Theater, Woodward Avenue; Woodward Theater, Woodward Avenue; Forest Theater, Woodward Avenue; and Jewel Theater, Gratiot Avenue. Other structures include the residences of Major F. W. Fuger, Grosse Pointe; Mr. R. H. Webber, Iroquois Avenue; Mr. J. H. Brady, Grosse Pointe, and Mrs.' Mary N. Parks, St. Clair, Michigan; Parke, Davis & Company's laboratories, Rochester, Michigan; General Motors Garage building, Lafayette Avenue; Crowley, Milner warehouse; Wayne Cigar Company plant; and recent addition to Belle Isle Bath House. In addition to the above, during the past year, they have built some sixty-nine dwellings, farm buildings, etc., at Walkerville, Ontario, being general contractors on the same. Mr. Sisman is widely known in business circles, and is a valued member of the Detroit Builders & Traders Exchange, the Employers Association and the Detroit Board of Commerce. He is also a director of the Gabriel Reinforcement Company, manufacturers of reinforcing steel for concrete construction. His fraternal connections include membership in Ashlar Lodge, F. & A. M:, Monroe Chapter, R. A. M., Detroit Commandery No. i, K. T. He also belongs to the Detroit Athletic Club, Detroit Yacht Club and the Detroit Church Club. In September, I896, Mr. Sisman was married to Miss Emma Tipling, of Detroit, and three children have been born to them: B. Andrew, born in I899; Warren, born in 1902; and Muriel, born in I904. Mr. and Mrs. Sisman are members of Christ Episcopal church. From his youth, Mr. Sisman's career has been one of constant industry and steady advancement. Brooking no obstacles that would yield to determined, earnest and honorable purpose, he has worked his way upward in business life, and has been a valued representative of business interests in Detroit, where he is known for his thorough reliability and close adherence to a high standard of business ethics.

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Page  2005 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2005 ALEXANDER W. BLAIN, M. D. Among the most successful surgeons in Detroit is Dr. Alexander W. Blain, youngest son of A. W. Blain, Sr. Dr. Blain was born in Detroit, where he received his early education through attendance at the public schools and high school. He subsequently entered the Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery, from which he was graduated in the class of 90o6, with the degree of M. D. During his last three years at college he served as assistant to the late Dr. H. O. Walker, the eminent surgeon. Upon leaving college he was made resident surgeon of Harper Hospital, which position he held for two years, the last as chief of the resident staff. Following his interneship the Doctor visited all of the western states studying the health problem of Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona and visiting the larger clinics from Chicago to San Francisco, and especially the Mayo clinic at Rochester, Minnesota. The summer of I9IO he spent in Europe at the surgical clinics of England, Scotland, France, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Dr. Blain, is at present attending surgeon on the staff of the Harper Hospital Polyclinic. He is surgeon, with the rank of first lieutenant, in the Medical Reserve Corps of the United States Army. He is instructor in Surgery at the Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery. He has served as chairman of the surgical section of the Wayne County Medical Society, and as a member of the board of directors; secretary of the Alumni Society of Harper Hospital and as a member of the executive board of the Alumni Association of the Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery and was formerly editor of the "Leucocyte," the official organ of that society. He is also a member of the American Medical Association and the Michigan State Medical Society, and the Tri-State Medical Society. Dr. Blain was one of the four hundred representative American Surgeons which met in Washington in May, 1913, and organized the American College of Surgeons. Dr. Blain has been active in scientific work aside from surgery, being interested in zoology and especially ornithology, the science of birds, and he was for three years editor of the Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. He is also a member of the American Ornithologists Union, The Cooper Ornithological Club of California, the Wilson Ornithological Club, having been a member of the board of trustees of that society, and The Detroit Zoological Society and the Michigan Academy of Science. In I906 the fellowship was conferred upon him by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and in I9II he was elected a member of the Royal Society of Arts, of London, England. He is a collaborator in surgery of the staff of the Detroit Medical Journal and the International Journal of Surgery. Dr. Blain has been a frequent contributor to both surgical and zoological literature, his writings during the past two years refer mainly to surgery of the neck, particularly goitre and surgery of the abdomen and cancer. Dr. Blain is a member of the Detroit Club, the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Detroit Yacht Club and the Royal Societies Club of London, England. He is also affiliated with Zion Lodge, F. A. M., King Cyrus Chapter, Detroit Commandery, Knights Templar, Michigan Sovereign Consistency, Moslem Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine and the Greek letter society, Nu Sigma Nu. Dr. Blain's office organization at 1105 Jefferson Avenue East, in the old Hunt homestead, is one of the largest and most complete in the state. Dr. Blain also maintains the only private surgical research laboratory in the state. The doctor is a bachelor.

Page  2006 2006 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN JAMES H. BARNARD, M. D. In comparing the various learned professions with the view of defining their relative usefulness to mankind, it is found that the verdict should rest with that of medicine. Other vocations minister helpfully to the needs of the people, but none holds the importance of that of the healing art. The individual may adjust his differences with his fellow men without the aid of members of the bench or bar; his own religious salvation may be worked out without recourse to the ministrations of the clergy; he may perfect himself in languages and the arts although unaided by the educator; but his bodily welfare rests entirely upon the skill and services of the physician and surgeon. From time immemorial each nation has had its men of medicine, and as civilization has advanced so have those who have conserved the bodily welfare of those who have made the advance possible, and today there may be found no body of men standing higher in dignity and prominence than the practitioners of medicine and surgery. Michigan is the home and scene of endeavor of some of the most skilled and learned men of the calling, and all of these are not found in the large cities, for many have preferred to remain in the smaller localities, where their services may be of greater benefit to mankind through their ability to get into closer touch with the people. Through seven years of devoted and self-sacrificing service, Dr. James H. Barnard has become firmly established in the confidence and gratitude of the people of Tustin, Michigan, while his professional skill and wide learning have enabled him to reach a place of prominence among the medical men of Osceola county. He is a native Michigander, born at Benzonia, Benzie county, March 21, 1864, and is a son of Alonzo and Mary E. (McDonald) Barnard. His grandfather, a native of Vermont, left that state after the death of the grandmother, became a pioneer farmer of Ohio, and there died at the age of ninety-three years, at Lorain. Alonzo Barnard was born June 2, I8I7, at Peru, Vermont, and was still a youth when he accompanied his father to Ohio. He was ambitious to become an educator, but his father was in modest circumstances, and he was forced to teach country schools in order to secure the money with which to pay his tuition through Oberlin College, from which institution he was graduated in 1837. At that time he entered actively into the practice of his adopted calling, teaching at various points in Ohio and gradually forcing his way to the forefront. He was married August io, 1854, at Pittsfield, Ohio, to Mary E. McDonald, who was born at St. Andrews, Manitoba, and they became the parents of five children, of whom three are still living: Sarah L., John J. and James H. For fifty years Dr. Alonzo Barnard was a missionary among the Indians in Minnesota and the Dakotas, and in the field of his labors gained national reputation. He was the first man to try to redeem the Ojibway language, having text books printed for the Indians of that tribe, and was the first man to endeavor to translate the Indian language into English. Seven years prior to his death he went to Pomona, Manistee county, Michigan, and there passed away April 7, I905, his wife having died August 23, 1900. The early education of Dr. James H. Barnard was secured in the public schools of Benzonia, and after graduating therefrom he took up the study of medicine. After some preparation, he became a student in the Grand Rapids Medical College, from which institution he was graduated in 9goo, and immediately thereafter commenced the practice of his calling at Pomona, Manistee county. After seven years spent at that place he came to Tustin, and here has continued in the enjoyment of an excellent practice to the present time. His knowledge of the science of medicine is comprehensive and accurate, for he has always been a close

Page  2007 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2007 student of the profession and has kept in touch with the progress and improvement which mark its advancement at the present. In the practice of his calling he has made many friends, and his kindly, sympathetic nature has proved a valuable supplement to his medical skill. His career has been characterized by devotion to duty in the various walks of life. Politically, Doctor Barnard is a Republican, but his profession has kept him too busily engaged for him to think of activities in the public arena. His fraternal connections are with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Masons, and he also belongs to the various organizations of his calling. Doctor Barnard was married at Royston, Ontario, Canada, September 3, I903, to Miss Ethel M. Alexander, who was born in the city of London, England, received her early education there, came to the United States in girlhood, and is a graduate nurse of Butterworth Hospital. Grand Rapids. Doctor and Mrs. Barnard have two bright and lovable children: George A., who is nine years old; and Alexander J., aged seven years. HUGH J. JACKSON. When Hugh J. Jackson first arrived in the city of Flint it was under somewhat unfavorable circumstances for his visible assets consisted of five cents in money and a fairly respectable suit of clothes. What was infinitely better, however, he possessed a stout heart, a strong and willing pair of hands, a determination to make a place for himself, and a native shrewdness that caused him to choose the lumber business for his field of activity, and withal he had no false pride to keep him from entering the business in a humble capacity. Today, as head of the Randall Lumber Company, Incorporated, he directs the operations of one of the largest industries of its kind in this part of the state, and is universally accounted one of Flint's most forcible and influential men. Mr. Jackson was born in Orleans county, New York, April 15, 1852, and is a son of William W. and Emily (Joyner) Jackson. His father was also born in that county, while his mother was a native of Sumner county, Tennessee, and both have been dead for many years. They were the parents of five children, Hugh J. being the third in order of birth. He was reared to agricultural pursuits, his father being a farmer, and received his education principally in the schools of St. Catherine's, Canada, where he lived until eighteen years of age. At that time his mother died. and he came to Flint, penniless and friendless, to seek his fortune. Here he soon secured employment with the lumber manufacturing firm of Begole, Fox & Company, where he received his introduction to the lumber business, and continued to remain in the service of this concern for two and one-half years. Succeeding this, he was connected with various lumber companies in the Saginaw Valley and Bay Shore until 1875, then going to work for Pifer & Thompson, of Five Lakes, Lapeer county, continuing there until I879. In that year Mr. Jackson took a trip to Middleport, Niagara county, New York, and there entered business with a brother, Thomas W. Jackson, but in I88o returned to Michigan and located on the upper peninsula. He continued to be engaged in the manufacture of lumber, and in the fall of I882 returned to Flint and entered into a partnership with Samuel C. Randall, under the firm style of S. C. Randall & Company, which was later succeeded by the firm of Randall, Newell & Company, and continued as such until I903. Then was incorporated the Randall Lumber Company, Incorporated, with a capital of $200,000, of which Mr. Jackson has since been president. The yards and offices of this concern now cover three square city blocks, and its materials are confined in large, well-built storage houses, of which

Page  2008 2008 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN there are eleven in number. The yards have three railroad switches, which are adjacent to the storage houses and make the receiving and shipping of lumber an easy and inexpensive task. The yards also contain a large planing mill and manufacturing plant and a dry house in which all manufactured articles are thoroughly seasoned before manufacture. The product of the Randall Lumber Company finds a ready market all over the United States and some fifty rien are required to handle it. Throughout a long and active career Mr. Jackson's operations have earned him a reputation for integrity, honorable dealing and strict probity, and in the management of his enterprise he is displaying signal business talents. He is a member of the firm and a director of the Imperial Wheel Company, and a stockholder in a number of financial institutions, also having various and varied interests in Flint. In Masonry he has taken the degrees up to the Scottish Rite, and also holds membership in the Flint Country Club. He was one of the organizers and is a member of the board of directors of the Board of Commerce. He is a staunch Democrat and while not an office seeker has always been interested in community affairs, and served for five years as a member of the board of education. The good qualities he has manifested in all life's relations have won him the confidence and trust of his fellowmen and gained him those warm personal friendships which, are not based upon honor, fame or success, but have their bases in individual character. With his family, he attends the Episcopal church. In October, I879, Mr. Jackson was married to Miss Laura A. Buck, of Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin, daughter of Lorenzo and Emily Buck, and she died in March, I901, at Flint, leaving five children. Mr. Jackson was married in I904, at Flint, to Bessie B. Brow, the daughter of Andrew J. Brow, a native of Detroit, Michigan. They have had no children. The Jackson home, pleasantly located at No. 525 Garland street, is one of the handsome residences of the city and is the scene of numerous social gatherings, in which Mr. and Mrs. Jackson dispense liberal hospitality to their many friends. EDWARD M. LAWSON. There is no position with which there is connected a greater amount of responsibility than that of the head of a reformatory institution. In the old days there could be conceived nothing more forbidding, grim and devoid of all inspiration than the house of correction of a great state, but in these modern times the conscientious superintendent of such an institution voluntarily burdens himself with the moral responsibility of those placed in his care and endeavors to return them to society with softened natures and worthy ambitions. Few men in the country are doing a greater work along the line of moral reform than is Edward M. Lawson, superintendent of the Michigan Industrial School for Boys. Connected with this institution since 1889, when he joined its forces as a teamster, he has won promotion from position to position, and since I906 has been its directing head, a capacity in which he has exerted a strong and far-reaching influence for good. Mr. Lawson was born February 20, I86I, in the city of Detroit, Michigan, and is a son of Alexander and Mary Jane (Martin) Lawson. His father was born in Scotland, in May, 1832, and there learned the business of saddlery and harness-making, a trade which he followed after emigrating to the city of Detroit in I85I. Subsequently he engaged in business on his own account, having a shop opposite the City Hall, and during the Civil war fitted out several companies of cavalrymen of this, state with their equipment for the service. In 1875 Mr. Lawson removed to Grand Ledge, Eaton county, Michigan, where he

Page  2009 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2009 continued in business for several years, and then retired to his farm near that place, on which he has since resided. The mother, Mary J. (Martin) Lawson, was born near Sligo, Ireland, in 1833, and is still living. Edward M. Lawson spent his early years in Detroit, where he attended the Tappan Union school until reaching the age of fourteen vears. His family being in modest financial circumstances, it was necessary that he begin work at an early age, and as a youth he secured employment on a farm, being employed by one man for nearly seven years and thus early demonstrating his fidelity and close application. When his parents removed to Grand Ledge, in 1875, he accompanied them, and remained with his father until I882, when he began work in the lumber woods of northern Michigan. Here he displayed the ability to do his full share of the hard, unremitting work of the lumber camps, and received a training that has been of much value to him in later years. The year I885 found Mr. Lawson seized with the western fever, and in company with a number of others he made his way to western Kansas and took up from the Government a homestead and timber claim, I20 miles ahead of the railroad, a tract upon which he resided four years. He yearned, however, for the activities of the more populated regions, and in 1889 returned to Michigan and secured a position at the Michigan State Industrial School for Boys, as a teamster. After several promotions, earned through fidelity and industry, he was given charge of the farming department. During the administration of Governor Winan, Mr. Lawson engaged in farming at Grand Ledge, but in 1893, when the late J. Edgar St. John was appointed superintendent of the school, Mr. Lawson returned to the institution and became cottage manager and farmer. He was appointed assistant superintendent in December, I896, by Mr. St. John, which position he held until appointed superintendent by the board of trustees, January 2, I906. In his management of the affairs of the institution, Mr. Lawson has shown himself a thoroughly capable official, with much executive and administrative ability. He is a strict disciplinarian, but has at all times tempered his actions with sympathy, gained through a broad knowledge of human nature, and has won the devotion and respect of his many youthful charges. An intensely earnest man, with a supreme faith in his pupils, he continues to carry on a work that should place him among the most useful citizens of the state. Mrs. St. John, widow of J. Edgar St. John, paid a fitting tribute to Mr. Lawson's faithfulness, by saying: "No man could have been more loyal to another than was Mr. Lawson to Mr. St. John; and when obliged to be away from the school, Mr. St. John said he always felt that his interests as well as those of the institution were in safe hands. I could make no better wish for him than that he might have as faithful an assistant and as faithful a corps of officers as did Mr. St. John." At the time of Mr. Lawson's appointment to the superintendency, Treasurei Horatio H. Lamed said: "We considered Mr. Lawson distinctly the best man we could find for the place. He has been there sixteen years; is thoroughly informed in regard to all the work in every department. He has the regard of the employes and of the boys. We believe, also, that his own career offers one of the best object lessons for those boys that could be put before them. He went there sixteen years ago as a teamster, and was steadily advanced in his work. We believe we have put him in a place where he will grow still more. There is one thing that can be said: Mr. Lawson never asked for the place. Neither from him nor from his friends has there been one word. He was aware that the board knew of his work there, and if he had any desire for the place, he rested in the fact that the board did know him. He was elected and

Page  2010 2010 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN then I brought him in from his work and introduced him to the board as superintendent. He was nearly overcome with the surprise of it." The last several sentences will give a further insight into Mr. Lawson's ch-aracter. He has no false sense of modesty, yet has never thrust himself forward, but has plodded steadily forward, content in the rewards that his industry and fidelity to duty have brought him. It is to such men that our state institutions owe their success. In February, I890, Mr. Lawson was married to Miss Alice Russell, of Grand Ledge, Michigan, daughter of Edward 0. Russell, a native of New York and a pioneer of Michigan, whose father built the first dam in Grand river, at Grand Ledge. Mr. and Mrs. Lawson are the parents of four children: Edward R. Lawson, deceased; John W., Robert and Alice. Mr. Lawson is a Republican in politics, and his fraternal connections are with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias. EMIL C. POKORNY. In the light of present accomplishment it would be interesting to recall the progressive steps by which a beautiful, well planned and sanitary city like Detroit of today, has emerged from the past through the skill and trained ability of its architects, contractors and engineers, the enormous range of whose activities have brought twentieth century building to the highest point of durable art. Detroit is fortunate in being the home and business field of such professional men as those represented by Emil Charles Pokorny, building contractor and engineer, who has won deserved success. Emil Charles Pokorny was born in the city of Detroit, June 9, I877, and is a son of Cenek and Anna Pokorny. Emil Charles attended the Detroit public schools until promoted to the eighth grade, at which time he decided to become self-supporting. He happened to have, however, a very sensible and practical father, one who realized as the son did not, that a future time would come when the lad would need the higher educational training that boyish impatience led him to forego, and only consented that his son should leave school so early with the understanding that he continue his studies in a night school. Emil Charles accepted his father's ultimatum, although it entailed much self denial and very hard work, and under these conditions learned the sheet metal trade, subsequently winning a correspondence school scholarship after taking that as a supplementary course. He continued work at his trade, but his ambition prompted him to look to further advancement and he devoted as much time as possible to mastering the details of general building. In 1902 he determined to still further advance himself, in ahother direction, and this resulted in his entering the Michigan Agricultural College, although he found it necessary to secure private tutoring in order to pass the entrance examination. In the meanwhile, in I899, Mr. Pokorny had married Miss Ida Burger, who was born on her parents' farm in Livona township, St. Clair county, Michigan. She is a daughter of Anthony Burger, a member of an old family of that section. Mrs. Pokorny not only sympathized with her husband in his ambitions, but also determined to place herself under a private tutor and thus be prepared to enter college with her husband, which admirable plan was put into execution and husband and wife spent five years together in the college and together were graduated in 1907, both securing degrees, Mr. Pokorny that of mechanical engineer. During this period Mr. Pokorny found a way to more or less pay his expenses through his own industry, doing some of the sheet metal work on the college buildings and in the neighborhood, thereby not only relieving himself of all indebtedness but being able to accumulate enough capital to enable him to buy a lot at East Lansing,

Page  2011 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2011 on which he built a house and occupied the same until his graduation, when he found no difficulty in disposing of it. In his subsequent career Mr. Pokorny has found his wife a real helpmate. She it is who draws the most of his plans, aids him by her intelligent advice and keeps his accounts. At the same time Mrs. Pokorny attends carefully to her household duties and the rearing of their two children, Helen aged six years, and Inez, aged three years. After leaving college Mr. Pokorny returned to Detroit and entered the employ of the American Blower Company, as heating and ventilating engineer, where he spent one year, since when he has been engaged in general contracting on his own account, under the firm name of Pokorny & Company, he being sole owner of the business. He has made a specialty of the building of flats, for which he furnishes all the plans and does all the work, including every line of building, employing his own carpenters, masons, painters, plasterers, plumbers and decorators, in the end turning over a completed structure. As mentioned in the opening paragraph, Mr. Pokorny has achieved remarkable success. Beginning in a small way in the poorer neighborhoods he has advanced year by year until, for some seasons, he has been mainly erecting in the restricted districts of the city, building the finest class of flats, many of which he has built on his own capital and later sold. He has erected twenty-eight family apartment houses, a large number of flats and many stores. At the time of writing, August, I914, he has just completed, on his own account, an eight-family apartment house of brick construction and modern architecture and equipment, at Nos. 50-52 Palmer avenue, east, in an exclusive neighborhood. Mr. and Mrs. Pokorny occupy their beautiful residence, a handsome brick house, modern in every particular, standing at No. 275 Lysander avenue. In the rear of his residence, Mr. Pokorny has erected a three-story building extending across three city lots, which is said to be the largest building plant owned by one man and also to be the best equipped plant for the business in Detroit. Yr. Pokorny is a member of the Detroit Engineers' Society. DAVID WALKER McKEIGHAN. On the pages of Saginaw county's business history, the name of David Walker McKeighan stands forth prominently as one who has been the architect of his own fortunes, who has labored long and faithfully and who has builded well. Obliged to cut short his studies at an early age, on account of the death of his father, he cheerfully took his place among the world's workers, and in the years that followed laid so firmly the foundations for his career that he rose rapidly to business success, and today is not only one of his city's substantial men of business, but a citizen who has fulfilled every public duty devolving upon him. David Walker McKeighan was born November 21, 1877, in the city of Cleveland, Ohio, and is a son of David and Mary (Corcoran) McKeighan, natives respectively of Albany, New York, and Jersey City, New Jersey. The father, a railroad man, was for a number of years a train conductor, traveling on various lines out of Cleveland, and died in that city in I898, when fifty-two years of age. The mother, who still survives, is a resident of Flint, Michigan, making her home with her sons, John James, George W. and William McKeighan. There were nine children in the family of David and Mary (Corcoran) McKeighan, of whom three are now deceased, the others being: Thomas, of Malaga, California, secretary and treasurer of the Malaga Packing Company; David Walker, of this review; Jane, who became the wife of Paul Mulhauser, of Cleveland, Ohio; John James, of Flint, Michigan; George

Page  2012 2012 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN W., of that city; and William H., also of Flint. The three last-named are in partnership at the McKeighan Drug Company, and are the owners of several leading pharmacies of Flint. David Walker McKeighan received his early education in the public schools, following which he became a night student in the Cleveland Commercial College, an institution of which he was a pupil at the time of his father's death. The latter had been in very modest circumstances and the mother was left with a large family, and accordingly David W., as the next to the oldest, was expected to contribute to the family support. He was a lad of only thirteen years, yet he resolutely set to work to make the most of his opportunities, and while working at whatever honorable employment he continued his studies in the night school. In I897 Mr. McKeighan came to Saginaw, Michigan, with a coal testing company, and in the meantime studied law in the office of Judge Kendrick, now judge of the Circuit Court of Saginaw county, with whom he remained one year, his next field of activity being at St. Charles, he coming to this city to become bookkeeper for the J. H. Somers Coal Company. After seven years of experience in that field of business, he felt competent to engage in business on his own account, and accordingly formed a co-partnership with Mark Allen, and under the firm style of Allen & McKeighan engaged in a modest way in the hardware and implement business. This venture proved a successful one from the start and the association was continued from I905 until I9Io, in July of which year Mr. McKeighan purchased his partner's interest and since has continued to conduct the business alone. The enterprise has proved a profitable one in every particular, and Mr. McKeighan now employs a clerk to assist him in handling the trade. He carries a complete line of the finest goods, uses modern and reliable methods, and is known as a man who can be. absolutely depended upon. In addition to his splendid business and store building, I20 by Ioo feet, he is the owner of a handsome residence and much valuable city realty, and has a half interest in an eighty-acre farm adjacent to St. Charles. Mr. McKeighan is independent in his political views, and has acted in various official capacities, having served three terms as supervisor, three terms as president of the town, four terms as township treasurer and three terms as village assessor. He has always proved himself faithful in the discharge of duty, and his signal services have won him the regard of the general public, while his straightforward methods have made him friends among the members of all political organizations. With his family, Mr. McKeighan attends the Roman Catholic church, and has been active in its various movements and charities. In I905 Mr. McKeighan was married to Miss Maud Allen, the estimable daughter of Mark and Adeline (Simmons) Allen. She was born, reared and educated in St. Charles, and is widely and favorably known in social circles of the city. Mr. and Mrs. McKeighan have had two children: Beatrice May and David Mark. GEORGE W. WEADOCK. Admitted to the Michigan bar in I876 and since the following year in practice at Saginaw, George W. Weadock has had a career of active practice that makes him not only one of the oldest but one of the best known members of the Saginaw bar. At the same time he has been identified with public affairs, and was honored with election as the first mayor of the consolidated city of Saginaw. The fourth in a family of seven children, George W. Weadock was born at St. Mary's, Ohio, November 6, I853. His parents, Lewis and Mary (Cullen) Weadock were natives of Ireland, brought three chil

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Page  2013 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2013 dren to America, and George W. was the first born on this side of the water. They settled at St. Mary's, Ohio, where Lewis Weadock was a practical farmer until his death on December 8, 1863, at the age of forty-three; his widow died October II, I876, at the age of sixty-one. Of the children three came to Michigan and all entered the law, T. A. E. Weadock being located at Detroit and John C. Weadock formerly of Bay City now practicing in New York City. George W. Weadock, for his early schooling attended the local schools at St. Mary's, Ohio, followed teaching for several years, and largely with the means acquired in this work entered the law department of the University of Michigan in October, I875. In September of the following year he was admitted to the bar, and after a brief practice at Bay City moved to Saginaw in January, 1877. For more than thirtyseven years he has been an active and prominent member of the Saginaw *bar. From 1878 to I89I Mr. Weadock was partner of Hon. Timothy E. Tarsney. After the dissolution of that partnership Mr. Weadock took Miles J. Purcell as a partner, and that association was continued about fifteen years. After that Mr. Weadock's three sons, John Vincent, Jerome and Phillip S., became members of the firm under the firm name of Weadock & Weadock. At the consolidation of the city of Saginaw, Mr. Weadock was elected to the office of mayor on the Democratic ticket, and during two terms gave a wise and efficient administration of local affairs. He has been honored with the office of president of both the county and state bar associations, is a member of the American Bar Association, and belongs to St. Mary's Roman Catholic church of Saginaw. On September I6, I878, at Saginaw Mr. Weadock married Miss Anna E. Tarsney, a sister of Timothy E. Tarsney. Mrs. Weadock at her death on March I6, 1893, left seven children, as follows: Lewis T., George L., John V., Barnard T., Mary Louise, Joseph Jerome, and Phillip S. All the sons have taken up the practice of law. On April I6, I896, at Grand Rapids, Mr. Weadock married Mary Grace McTavish. To this marriage were born four children: Arthur, Mary Frances, Edward E. and Robert Emmet. MICHAEL CHAMBERS. While it is with that portion of upper Michigan known as St. Ignace that the career of Michael Chambers has been especially identified, his name is not unknown by reason of his public service and his standing as a business man in many other sections of this state. For more than forty years he has been active in local affairs as a member of the firm of Chambers Brothers, which were the first to engage in general merchandise at St. Ignace, and their enterprise has meant much in the development and upbuilding of that community. Michael Chambers was born in St. Ignace June 12, I850, a son of John and Margaret (O'Malley) Chambers. His father and mother were both born in County Mayo, Ireland, the former in I80o and the latter in 18 I, and for many years lived in St. Ignace, where the father died in I885 and the mother in 1897. Margaret O'Malley had two brothers, Charles M. and Tully O'Malley, whose work as pioneers in the Upper Peninsula deserves some special mention. They located on Mackinac Island in I834, several years before Michigan entered the Union, and were employed by John Jacob Astor, the founder of the great American Fur Company, whose operations extended throughout the Middle West and even into the far Northwest. Leaving the fur trade, they established a mercantile business of their own. They were both men of fine intellectual gifts and had been thoroughly trained in Ireland and also in the University of Montreal. Charles was elected a member of the Vol. IV-17

Page  2014 2014 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Michigan legislature in 1846-47, and was honored as speaker pro tern of the house. He was also chairman of the committee on education, and was the first signer of the report of the committee of a bill for the establishment of the University of Michigan. All visitors to Mackinac Island recall the noted Island House, which was established as the first transient hotel on the island by Charles O'Malley. His public career included service as probate judge of, Mackinac county and in the same office in Delta county, after his removal to Escanaba. He was a resident of Escanaba when the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad was built into the Upper Peninsula. He and his brother Tully were prominent lumbermen, and the latter saw public service as sheriff of Mackinac county at the time the Mormons established themselves on Beaver Island. In that official capacity he arrested a number of Mormons for robbing vessels at Beaver Harbor, taking a detail of United States troops then stationed at Fort Mackinac for the purpose of making the arrests. The Mormons were then at the zenith of their power under King Strang, and were charged with the commission of many depredations on fishermen and settlers. John Chambers, father of Michael, in 1846 immigrated to America on a sailing vessel, and from the city of Philadelphia made his way into the west and for a time was employed during the construction of the old Illinois and Michigan canal from Chicago to the Illinois river, and had his residence in Bridgeport, which is now included within the city limits of Chicago. In the spring of I849 he moved to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, establishing his home on Mackinac Island, where he was joined by his wife and children. The four children born in Ireland were: William, Bridget, Patrick and John, and after coming to America the other four children that came into their home were: Michael, Mary, Catherine and Charles. John Chambers for many years was identified with farming and fishing, and reclaimed a farm near Castle Rock at St. Ignace. Both he and his wife were Catholics, and he was a Democrat in politics. A man of sterling integrity and of fine mental powers, perhaps the best tribute spoken of him was contained in the following words: "He taught his children the essential elements of industry and straightforward dealing, through which they have gained prosperity and financial independence." In the locality where he was born Michael Chambers attended the somewhat primitive schools, and early became acquainted with the duties of his father's farm, and also with the changing life and activities of this lake port. In 1870 he became associated with his brothers in the general merchandise business at St. Ignace, where they erected a store, and thus founded an enterprise which for nearly forty-five years has borne the original title of Chambers Brothers. The history of this firm is to a large degree that of St. Ignace as a commercial center, and a brief outline of its growth has appropriate consideration. The firm of Chambers Brothers began its career about the close of the Civil war and marked an important chapter in the history of modern St. Ignace. This city has three distinct historical periods. It was founded about the time Philadelphia sprang into existence, and the mission reports indicate it to have been a village of sixty houses, all in a row, in which lived ten professors and five hundred students. This was as early as I700, and the Catholic mission at this point was one of the most important in the great wilderness of Northern America at that time. Its existence as a modern city began in the latter half of the nineteenth century, when it again became a commercial point. Fishing and lumbering for many years furnished the only means of existence to

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Page  2015 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2015 the inhabitants of St. Ignace, and fish and lumber were the articles of commerce that were sent out from this northern country. The Chambers brothers saw an opportunity for doing a good business at St. Ignace in the supplying of the fishermen with merchandise. For this purpose the brothers opened a small store, and not long afterwards extended their operations by buying, packing and selling fish. Still later they also engaged in fishing, in which connection they utilized the gill-net and the old pound-net. In the height of their career as fishermen they operated two tugs, besides numerous smaller boats, and eventually built up a large and prosperous business, abandoning the'industry only when the supply of fish became too small to make their operations profitable. In the meantime their mercantile business had greatly increased, and for a time they conducted a branch store at Naubinway. In I874 the firm of Chambers Brothers constructed the first dock at St. Ignace, and that was the practical beginning of the town as a lake port. Since then they have erected a number of stores, and have become owners and improvers of local real estate. The present firm is composed of Patrick and Michael Chambers, their brother John having died in I89I. Michael Chambers has long enjoyed a secure place in the confidence of his community, has served it with eminent public spirit, and for two terms was honored with the office of mayor of St. Ignace. A higher honor came to him with his election to the state legislature for the session of I899-90. While at Lansing Mr. Chambers gave close attention to the work of the legislature, and two points should be mentioned as showing his public spirit in behalf of his home community. He was the author of the bill known as House Bill No. I I5, entitled: A bill to protect fish and preserve fisheries of this State by prohibiting certain deposits in the waters of the State, and to repeal Act No. 350 of the public acts of I865 and all amendments and additions thereto-the immediate purpose of this bill being to protect the waters of the straits around St. Ignace from being used as a dumping ground by the lumber mills. He also introduced the bill to prohibit the fishing of nets in Les Churaux Island channels, Mackinac county. In I902 Governor VWynans appointed Mr. Chambers a member of the board of control for the Michigan School of Mines at Houghton. The political allegiance of Mr. Chambers has been with the Democratic party, and he is a faithful member of the Catholic church, in which he was reared. Mr. Chambers is unmarried. FULLER CLAFLIN. The Claflin family to which this well known Detroit architect and theatre builder belongs is one of the oldest and most prominent in America, and has given some notable figures both to politics and to business. Governor Claflin of Massachusetts died in 1905, and H. B. Claflin was a New York merchant who ranked with the Stewarts, the Fields and other merchant princes of America. The great dry goods house of H. B. Claflin Company of New York city has numerous branches in various cities, and one of them is located in Detroit. The family name is a corruption of the old Scotch name Mackclothlan. The founder of the family on this side of the Atlantic was Robert Mackclothlan, a Scotchman, who was in the Massachusetts Colony as early or before I66o. The records of the town of Windham in Essex county has an entry showing that on the 4th of November, I661, "Robert Mackclothlan is accepted a townsman." A family tradition is that this pioneer settler was a Scotch soldier, and it is thought probable that he was one of the Scotchmen taken prisoner by Cromwell at the Battle of Dunbar, some of these prisoners having been sent by the Protector to New England. The name was changed to Claflin probably during the

Page  2016 2016 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN first generation of its American residence. The direct line of descent from this Robert Mackclothlan down to the present is as follows: Robert Mackclothlan; Daniel (i); Daniel (2); Cornelius (i); Increase; Cornelius (2); Benajai; Nelson; and Fuller. The founder of the Claflin family in Michigan was Benajah, in the seventh generation from the original American of that name. He was born in Windham, New York, on July I, 1812. On March 15, 1836, he married Polly M. Hatch, and his death occurred at Albion, Michigan, May 7, 189o. He came to Michigan from New York state during the early thirties, and his settlement near Jackson made him a pioneer in that portion of the state, which was then practically a wilderness. Subsequently he moved to Benton, in the same part of Michigan, and still later to Albion, where he and his wife spent the remainder of their lives. Nelson Henry Claflin, father of Fuller Claflin, was born at Benton near Jackson, Michigan, on Christmas Day, 1839, and on Christmas Day, I855, at Jackson, married Lucina Sheldon Blakeman. She was born at Union City, Michigan, June 25, 1842. Nelson H. Claflin was educated for the medical profession, and practiced with success and with eminent usefulness in several different communities. He was for a time at East Saginaw, later at Albion, and finally removed to Southern California. He was a member of one of the first regiments of Michigan soldiers who responded to President Lincoln's call at the beginning of the Civil war, and continued in service until the final surrender of the Southern troops. Fuller Claflin, who was born at East Saginaw, now a part of the city of Saginaw, on January 29, 1872, was about nine years old when the family moved from Saginaw to Albion, and about four years later they all went out to California. His education was principally received in the public schools of Michigan and California. In I89o he entered the office of a San Francisco architect, and architecture has been his study and practical work throughout his entire career. In I892 he became a member of the firm of Wood and Lovell, San Francisco architects, who made a specialty of theatre construction. When that firm subsequently moved its headquarters to Chicago, Mr. Claflin was left in charge of all its Pacific coast business. In I895 Mr. Claflin removed to New York city, and became a member of the firm of J. B. McElfatrick and Son, theatre architects, whose services were of national scope, extending to all states and cities. Mr. Claflin continued with that firm about five years, and eventually became a partner of E. C. Horn, a general contractor with offices in New York city. Together they built many theatres both as architects and contractors. Mr. Horn's death terminated the partnership, but Mr. Claflin continued building theatres, and in I909 established offices in Detroit. He has built theatres in many cities of the Union and in Canada, and has a very notable record in Michigan, made since he opened offices at Detroit. Among others in the last half dozen years he has built the Family, the Garrick, the Gayety, the New Empire and the Forest theatres in Detroit, and also erected the Gladmer Theatre at Lansing, which is one of the finest theatres of the state. Other theatres in many smaller cities have been constructed on plans drawn by Mr. Claflin, with the construction supervised from his office. Mr. Claflin married Eleanor R. Winslow, of New York city. They have one son, Graham Phillips Claflin. JOHN N. KEMP, M. D. In many respects Saginaw's leading physician and surgeon is Dr. John N. Kemp, who has practiced there upwards of twenty years, whose patronage is found among the best families, who is himself one of the leaders in social and civic affairs, an4 whose career

Page  2017 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2017 from every point of view has been one of successful accomplishment and gratifying attainments. John N. Kemp was born in St. Clair, Michigan, February I8, 1872. His parents were Thomas L. and Ellen (Crompton) Kemp. The father was born in Liverpool, England, a son of Rev. John N. Kemp, who emigrated to America, and settled at St. Clair, Michigan, when Thomas L. was seven years of age. The Rev. Kemp took up a homestead and worked it in connection with his ministerial duties, and at the same time managed to rear his family and provide well for each one of them. Thomas N. Kemp spent most of his boyhood in St. Clair county of this state, had the ordinary district school education, and his occupation during his active life was chiefly in farming, at which he made a success above the average. His descendants will always pay him a tribute of honor also, because of his military record. In the spring of I862 he enlisted in the Twenty-Second Michigan Infantry, and saw constant and arduous service until the end of the war. He was twice captured, and his hardest experience was the ten months in which he was confined in the notorious Libby Prison at Richmond, Virginia. After his exchange and release from that prison, he again took up arms and in the battle of Chickamauga was recaptured, and then spent six months at Andersonville, which was hardly less noisome as a prison than Libby. He went into the army as a sergeant, and came out with the rank of lieutenant. On reaching Michigan he laid down his arms and took up the quiet vocation of farming in which he prospered until the close of his life and his death occurred on the old homestead at St. Clair in 1904 at the age of 'sixty-three. His wife, who grew up and was married 'in Michigan, died at St. Clair in I909 at the age of sixty-three. On his mother's side Dr. Kemp is descended from two patriots who saw service in the Revolutionary war. John N. Kemp, who was the second of four children, spent his early youth at St. Clair, attended the public schools until graduating from the high schools, and then entered upon an unusually thorough preparation for his chosen work. The doctor graduated in I894 from the Detroit College of Medicine, continued his study in the Physicians and Surgeons Hospital at St. Louis, Missouri, and while there served one year as interne in the St. Louis City Hospital. During I906 he took post-graduate work in the New York Post-Graduate College. The doctor began individual practice at Saginaw, in I895. His ability to serve the people skillfully, and with the best knowledge of the science of medicine, combined with his personal popularity to bring him a large practice almost from the start, and in later years it is generally conceded that no physician in the city has a more lucrative business than Dr. Kemp. Dr. Kemp is secretary of the County Medical Society and has membership in the State Society, and the American Medical Association. Among other professional attainments he is house physician at St. Mary's Hospital in Saginaw, for ten years had charge of the County Hospital for contagious diseases, had charge of the county infirmary fifteen years, and is a member of the Saginaw Board of Health. In politics Dr. Kemp is Republican. He has taken the Scottish Rite degrees in Masonry, up to and including the thirty-second degree, also is a Knight Templar, is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and the Knights of Pythias, and belongs to the Saginaw Club. At Cleveland, Ohio, November 25, I896, Dr. Kemp married Miss Ethel Beelman, a daughter of M. B. and Mary Beelman, the former of whom is still living. The two children of their marriage are Beelman Kemp, born December 28, 1897, at Saginaw. and now a student in the local high schools: Marion E. Kemp, born at Saginaw, January 19, 900oo, and also in high school.

Page  2018 2018 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN Dr. Kemp has in the course of his residence of practice at Saginaw acquired many interests outside of his profession in the more formal social and fraternal circles. He is interested in some of the leading industrial establishments, and his connection in a financial way with the Coats & Fordney Timber Company of Oregon, and the Fordney & Faucett Timber Company of Louisiana, Congressman J. W. Fordney of Saginaw, being one of the chiefs in these well known concerns. Dr. Kemp owns and resides in a splendid home in west Saginaw, and possesses a fine summer cottage at Higgins Lake, where the summer months are spent with his family, and in a colony composed of the most prominent citizens of Bay City and Saginaw. An ardent sportsman, the doctor enjoys nothing more than hunting and fishing, and every fall during the month of November with a select party of associates, he spends two or three weeks in the northern peninsula, camping and hunting and pursuing the many interests of the wild and open woods. In his home Dr. Kemp has a number of fine trophies of his skill as a hunter, and several noble animals which have fallen before his unerring aim have been mounted, including a giant moose, which weighed two thousand pounds, and the head of which makes a magnificent specimen. Dr. Kemp is an expert automobilist, and has one of the fine cars seen on the streets of this city. WILLIAM H. MORRIS, M. D. A physician who stands high in his profession and who has gained success through his own efforts, is Dr. William H. Morris, who for more than ten years has been located at Port Huron, and has spent all his professional career in this state. Born in Leeds county, Ontario, October, I87I, William H. Morris was the second of seven children born to Joseph and Mary Jane (Barker) Morris. Both parents were born in Ontario in the year 1844. The mother lived in New York City, during the period of the Civil war. Both are still living, their home being at Owen Sound, in Ontario. Dr. Morris attended the schools of Canada when a boy, and early began to depend upon his own efforts to advance himself in the world. He was a student in the collegiate institute at Owen Sound, and in I892 matriculated in medicine from the Trinity Medical College at Toronto. Later, in I896, graduated from the Medical Department of the Western University at London, Ontario, and in the same year established his practice at Dollarville in Luce county, Michigan. That was his home until I899, after which he spent a year at Mass City, Michigan, and was at Ewen in Ontonagon county, until I902. Since then his home has been at Port Huron, where he has enjoyed a large and extending patronage. Dr. Morris was vice president of the St. Clair County Medical Society in 1909, and is a member of the State Society. While in Upper Michigan he was health officer of McMillan township, and has been interested in the cause of public health as well as in looking after his private practice. He was High Court Physician in the high court of the Independent Order of Foresters, of Upper Penninsula in I898-99. Dr. Morris is a Master Mason, and belongs to the Knights Qf Pythias, is a member of the Episcopal church, and has been president of the South Park Society Hall ever since its organization. At Marquette, Michigan, in December, I899, he married Miss Mary Moran of St. Clair county. Her father, Newell Moran, still living, was an early settler of this state and went out with the Michigan Troops for service in the Civil war. Dr. Morris and wife have two children: Irma Irene, born at Ewen in March, I9OI, and now attending the Port Huron schools; Flora Margaret, born at Port Huron, in November, I905, is also in school.

Page  2019 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2019 ALBERT BEREND KLISE. Among the men foremost in Petoskey as identified with Michigan industrial enterprises, those who have become known far and wide by reason of the magnitude of their operations and the vast extent of their trade connections, none there is whose personality is of a more interesting character or whose career has been more impressive or beneficial as an object lesson to the community at large than Albert Berend Klise, president of the Blackmer Rotary Pump, Power and Manufacturing Company, a leading and successful business man and a pioneer lumberman of the state. A native son of Michigan, he was born near Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo county, October 29, 1863, and is a son of Berend A. and Anna (Howard) Klise. The Klise family was founded in the United States by Albert Klise, the grandfather of Albert B., and his brother, William, they coming from the Netherlands with the Van Ralte Company of settlers during the early 'forties. William Klise settled three miles south of Holland, Michigan, and hewed a farm out of the wilderness, spending the remaining years of his life in its cultivation. Albert Klise located on a property three miles north of that point, and also developed a farm, but did not long survive to enjoy the fruits of his labors, as his death occurred when he was but forty-five years of age and his widow was left to rear the family. At the time of his father's death Berend A. Klise was a lad of but twelve years, but he bravely started to work to assist his mother in the cultivation of the home fields, and subsequently, with a team of oxen took a man's place in the grading of the Detroit & Milwaukee Railroad. At the outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted as a soldier in the Twenty-eighth Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and upon receiving his honorable discharge returned to his home and began merchandising, farming and lumbering, continuing to be thus engaged until his death in 1889. He was a man of industry and integrity, held a high place in the esteem of his fellow-men, and was known in his community as a helpful and public-spirited citizen. He was independent in his political views, and, with his family, attended the Dutch Reformed church. His widow survived him until 1912, passing away at the age of seventyone years. Three children were born to them, as follows: Martha, who became the wife of Edward Frick, and resides at Grand Rapids; Albert Berend; and John Albert, who is a prosperous business man of Grand Rapids and manager of the Klise Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of machine-cut moulding, etc. Albert Berend Klise secured his education in the public schools of Holland and the old Hope College, and at the age of fifteen years began his business career in the employ of his father, commencing at the bottom and thoroughly familiarizing himself with every detail of the lumber business. At the time of his father's death he had been admitted to a partnership in the business, and following the elder man's demise went to Sullivan, Michigan, and engaged in the lumber and land business. Here his business grew to large proportions, and in spite of a disastrous fire in which he lost every dollar he possessed, he was able to build up a handsome and paying enterprise. Owing to the exhaustion of the forests in that section, Mr. Klise left Sullivan in 1895 and went to Sturgeon, Michigan, where he began business operations on a large scale and for three years was alone. In I898, however, he organized the A. B. Klise Lumber Company, of which he still continues as the president, the firm now operating at Gilchrist, Michigan, where it owns large tracts of timber land and engages in manufacturing lumber, broomhandles, and other forest products, employing during the busy season some 200 or more men.

Page  2020 2020 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN In 1906 Mr. Klise came to Petoskey and engaged in a general hardware business, under the style of the Northern Hardware Company, first taking stock in and later becoming sole owner of the largest hardware store in the city. In I9II he became interested in the Blackmer Rotary Pump, Power and Manufacturing Company, as a minor stockholder. This company, up to that time-a period of five years-had never been able to pay a dividend, but Mr. Klise, with unerring business judgment, decided that this fact was due to poor management, and succeeded in buying enough stock to give him control of the concern. Knowing that he had a winning proposition, he then completely reorganized the company and began a systematic course of advertising, spending $7,000 for that purpose, to the consternation of the other holders of stock, whose strict conservatism made them feel that such a course was fatal. In spite of the predictions of his associates to the effect that he was bringing ruin upon them, the business began at once to show the beneficial effect of Mr. Klise's methods, and during the first year of Mr. Klise's management the company paid its first dividend. The milt has been constantly enlarged and new hands employed to keep abreast of the increased business, eighteen men are now on the pay roll, and a great enlargement to the plant is contemplated in the near future. These pumps are now in use all over the world, including Chili, Argentine, New Zealand, Holland and Australia, while in the United States they have an enormous sale. The Blackmer Rotary Pump is constructed upon entirely new mechanical lines, differing very materially in every respect from any other rotary or centrifugal pump on the market. It is used by brewers, chemical works, cottonseed oil mills, bleachers, tanneries, soap factories, wine houses, distilleries, farms, packing houses, ships, mines, water works, quarries and sugar refineries, and is used to pump water, kerosene, gasoline, linseed oil, cottonseed oil, bilge water, lard, butterine, lye, glue, varnish, milk, sugar, vinegar, asphalt, tar, etc. The office and factory of the company are located at the corner of Sheridan avenue and the G. R. & I. Railway, Petoskey, while the export office is at 24 State street, New York City. The present officers of the concern are: A. B. Klise, president; G. S. Rice, of the Michigan Tanning and Extract Company, vice-president; Leon Chichester, of the First State Bank, director; and 0. C. Gregory, of the Petoskey Wholesale Grocery Company, secretary. Mr. Klise has various other interests and is a large property owner, having extensive tracts in Howell county, Missouri, and Mackinaw and Ontonagan counties, Michigan, and a pleasant home in Petoskey. Fraternally, he is connected with the Masons, in which he is a Knight Templar and a Shriner, and with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is independent in his political views. Mr. Klise was married February I6, I884, at Coopersville, Michigan, to Miss Minnie Shippey, a native of Jackson county, Michigan, and a daughter of Paul G. and Sophronia (Ashcraft) Shippy, natives of the Empire state and early settlers of Michigan. To this union there have been born two sons: Elmer L., born near Sullivan, Muskegon county, Michigan, March i9, I885, educated in the University of Michigan, now a member of the Klise Lumber Company and a resident of Petoskey, married Bertha Crandle, and has had two children-Robert and Virginia, both born in Petoskey, the latter of wh