Standard atlas of Menominee County, Michigan : including a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the county...patrons directory, reference directory and departments devoted to general information
Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

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Page  3 *u.mt fu iI l I!- I LitlIt It ii IF ii t-lt~ ~L 11 HI!il H -IN.CL~UDIN& OF THE VILLAGES, CI.TIES AND TOWNSHIPS OF THECONY N*~ 0F~ T4~-W tA~~4J#HTf~wD- 8TATE~& WDR-iW W' Patr~ons, Directory Refere'nce Busi'ness Directory andDprre devoted to General Informati~on. ANALYS I S OFTH E SYSTEM OF U. S.-LAN D'S URVEYS,D IGESTO H SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, ETC. ETC. ts (mpiI ed and Tub ishe ______0 A " Ywux-- -_a__ C H I CY~j//t9/ oJI 0?Co '5D

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Page  5 TABLE OF CONTENTS OENERf L INDEX. PAGE TITLE PAGE........................................... 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS......................................5 OUTLINE MAP OF MENOMINEE COUNTY.....................7 MAP OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN........................56-57 MAP OF THE UNITED STATES.............................60-61 MAP OF THE WORLD...............................................64-65 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY, MENOMINEE COUNTY.67 ILLUSTRATIONS................................................ 73 ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS............................... Supplement DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT................................ Supplem ent PAGE I-II III-VI GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS................. Supplement VII-VIII ANCIENT,.MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY, CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED............. Supplement X-XXII MENOMINEE GOUNTY INDEX. PAGE BAGLEY, PLAT OF..................................18 BANAT, PLAT OF....................................20 CARNEY, PLAT OF.................................19 CEDAR RIVER, PLAT OF............................18 DAGGETT, PLAT OF................................20 FAITHORN, PLAT OF................................19 FISHER, PLAT OF..................................39 GUERLEY, PLAT OF.............................18 HARTER, PLAT OF....................................19 HERMANSVILLE, PLAT OF..........................19 INGALLS, PLAT OF..............................39 KOSS, PLAT OF...................................... 39 MENOMINEE, PLATS OF SOUTH PART OF...................................10-11 SOUTH EAST PART OF...................... 10 MIDDLE PART OF...............................13 NORTH PART OF................................15 MENOMINEE COUNTY, OUTLINE MAP OF........7 NADEAU, PLAT OF.............................39 POW ERS, PLAT OF'...................................18 SPALDING, PLAT OF................................. 18 STEPHENSON, PLAT OF..........................17 SWANSON, PLAT OF................................39 TOWNSHIP AND RANGE INDEX. TOWNSHIP 33 TOWNSHIP 33 TOWNSHIP 34 TOWNSHIP 34 TOWNSHIP 34 TOWNSHIP 34 TOWNSHIP 34 TOWNSHIP 35 TOWNSHIP 35 TOWNSHIP 35 TOWNSHIP 35 TOWNSHIP 35 TOWNSHIP 35 TOWNSHIP 36 TOWNSHIP 36 TOWNSHIP 33 TOWNSHIP 36 TOWNSHIP 36 TOWNSHIP 37 TOWNSHIP 37 TOWNSHIP 37 TOWNSH[P 37 TOWNSHIP 37 TOWNSHIP 38 TOWNSHIP 38 TOWNSHIP 38 TOWNSHIP 33 TOWNSHIP 38 TOWNSHIP 39 TOWNSHIP 39 TOWNSHIP 39 TOWNSHIP 40 TOWNSHIP 40 TOWNSHIP 40 TOWNSHIP 41 TOWNSHIP 41 N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N; N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, PAGE RANGE 27 W., FRACTIONAL......42 RANGE 28 W., FRACTIONAL......42 RANGE 25 W., FRACTIONAL......22 RANGE 26 W.......................31 RANGE 27 W., FRACTIONAL......43 RANGE 28 W., FRACTIONAL...50-51 RANGE 29 W., FRACTIONAL...50.51 RANGE 24 W., FRACTIONAL......23 RANGE 25 W., FRACTIONAL...... 23 RANGE 26 W.....................32 RANGE 27 W.....................44 RANGE 28 W., FRACTIONAL...50-51 RANGE 29 W., FRACTIONAL...50-51 RANGE 24 W., FRACTIONAL..... 21 RANGE 25 W......................24 RANGE 26 W.......................33 RANGE 27 W...................... 45 RANGE 28 W,, FRACTIONAL...... 52 RANGE 25 W...................... 25 RANGE 26 W.................... 34 RANGE 27 W.....................46 RANGE 28 W., FRACTIONAL...... 53 RANGE 29 W., FRACTIONAL......53 RANGE 25 W.........................26 RANGE 26 W.......................35 RANGE 27 W.....................47 RANGE 28 W., FRACTIONAL...... 54 RANGE 29 W., FRACTIONAL...... 54 RANGE 25 W.....................27 RANGE 26 W........................36 RANGE 27 W..........................48 RANGE 25 W.......................28 RANGE 26 W.........................37 RANGE 27 W.......................49 RANGE 25 W..............,..........29 RANGE 26 W.......................38 TOWNSHIP TOWNSHIP TOWNSHIP TOWNSHIP TOWNSHIP TOW NSH-IP 31 N, 32 N, 32 N, 32 N, 33 N, 33 N, RANGE RANGE RANGE RANGE RANGE RANGE 27 26 27 28 25 26 W., W., W., W., W., W., FRACTIIONAL... 40-41 FRACTIONAL.....41 FRACrIONAL...40-41 FRACTIONAL...... 40 FRACTIONAL...... 30 FRACTIONAL....... 30

Page  6 INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE Agricultural School, Menominee..................77 Anderson, C. E., Residence of.....................89 Anderson, John, Photo from..................... 89 Anderson, Ole, Residence of.....................93 Antikain, Mr. and Mrs. John...................... 81 Bagley, Hugh and Family..........................75 Banat, Starting a New Town at..................85 Bank of Stephenson................................ 85 Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. George.....................75 Beattie, R,bert, Residence of.......................85 Bvllefueil, Win., Photo from......................85.Belongie, Eugene and Daughter..................75 Bergquist, Edward...................................77 Bergstrom, Andrew, Residence of..............85 Better, Joseph, Residence of........................85 Blomiquist, 0. E., Residence of....................93 Bouty, Alex...............................................75 Brandt, A. W., Scene on Farm of............... 93 Brown, De W itt........................................77 Brunette, Paul, Scene on Farm of................83 Burt, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.............................77 Canning an 1 Pickling Plant, Menominee.....77,Carley, Ira, Stock Farm of..........................87 Carley, Ira, Fruit Orchard...........................89 Carlson, Edw............................................81 Carlson, J. P., Residence of.........................8,Carlson, Mrs. MA........................81 Charlier, Felix, Residence of.......................91 Clark, Nathan, Photos from........................83 Cook, Chas. I., Cattle on Farm of................93 Court House, Menominee, Michigan............ 73 Crusher Plant on County Road...................85 Danielson, Albert, Residence of..................89 De Laurelle, Vital, Residence of................. 93 Deloughary, Mrs. G. W., Residence of....... 89 Depatie, M. 0., Reside ce of......................91 -Depatie, M. 0., Photo from......................85 Detempal, E., Residence of.......................89 Dickman, August and Daughter..................77 Dickman, Herman,-Barns of........................91 Dickman, Htrman, Photo from....................81 Dittmore, Gas, Residence of...................... 87 Djupstromn, Gust, Residence of.................... 91 -Doyle, Matthew W., Residence of...............93 "Daca, Jule, Residence of.............................87 Dumas, Marcel, -Residence of......................83 -Dunn, John J, Jr., Store of.......................91:Durow, A., Residence and Saw Mill of.........87;Durow, Chas. C., Residence of.................... 81 Ekman, John, scene on Farm of.................91 -Ellenwood, E. J......1..................... 77:Enfield, Gust, Residence of.............. 89 Erdman, John, Residence of......................93 IEirckson, C. A., "Pioneer Farm"..............93 Tarrell, Martin........................ 79 "tellner, John and Family Group.............. 83 T ezatte, John.............................................77 First National Bank, Menominee, Michigan..87 Fish, John, Residence and Scene on Farm of..87 'F riberg, John........................................... 73 Frock, Levi, Residence and Barn of............87 'Galarno, Walter P., Residence of................81 -Gardner, John, Residence and Scene on F arm of.............................................. 87 Garrigan, Mr. and Mrs. Al and Daughter.....83 Gauthier, Telesphore................................ 81 Grange Hall, Stephenson....................... 85,Grau, Geo., and Family Group.....................85 Gray, Dr. H. T., Residence of.................. 91 G run, A nnie...............................................81 G run, F J............................................... 81 G-un. W. N., Residence of........................85 Guay, Chas............................................... 79 PAGE Hafner, Jacob, Residence of.......................93 Hall, Mr. and Mrs. H. 0...........................77 Hammerberg, Samuel.................................. 79 Hannon, J. H..........................................75 H ansen, C. C............................................77 Hart, Amos, Residence and Barn of............87 Hart, Arthur, Residence and Blacksmith Shop of.............................................. 87 H atter, G eo.............................................73 Hendricksen, Thos., Residence of................89 Henes' Park, Menominee...........................77 High School, Menominee...........................77 Hnilicka, J., "Little River Farm"...............93 Hollsten, Mr. and Mrs,. Richard..................79 Holman, Charley and Daughters................75 Hubbard, Hiram, Residence of...................91 H uebel, C. J............................................ 73 Hutton, Dr. T. J., Store of........................85 Ingalis, E. S., Judge................................75 Jackson, Ole, Residence of..........................91 Jasper, Theodore, Residence of...................85 Jean, A ugust........................................... 81 Johnson, Frank.....................................79 Kelley, Ross IJ............................................73 K lauk, N................................................77 Knope, F., Residence and Scene on Farm of..87 Krantz, Louis, Farm Buildings of................91 La Billois, J. N................................... 75 Labre, Xavier. Sr......................................79 Lacomb, George, Photo from.....................85 Lamick, V. J., Scene on Farm of...............85 Land Office, Menominee...........................77 Landsborough, Dr. D. R............................73 Larson, Alex, Residence of.........................93 Leaveck, Thos., and Family.........................77 Leiveck, Wm., Residence of........................89 LeBlanc, Mr. and Mrs. Ferrier..................... 81 LeBlanc, Ferrier, Sugar Bush of...................83 Lemay, Ed., Residence of..........................89 Liberty- Victor and Family........................ 77 Lindstrom, P. Albert, Farm Buildings of.....91 Little Cedar River, Scene on....................... 79 Machia," Tames........................................79 Machia, James, Photo from........................79 M adsen, Erick..........................................73 M adsen, Peter......................................... 73 Magnuson, A. F., Residence of..................87 M arquett, H enry.......................................83 M artin. Frank......................................... 73 M artinek, Jacob J...................................73 Menominee Abstract and Land Assn., Ltd...87 Menza, John J., Residence of.....................87 Moberg, John N., Residence and Scene on Farm of..............................87 M oulton, H. B..........................73 Mulholland, Robert..................... 73 Mullen, W. J..................... 77 N ault, N oel................................................75 N elson, M agnus......................................75 Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. Ole..........................81 Nourse, J. S., Fruit and Poultry Farm.........87 Olson, Carl................................83 Olson, John G., Residence of..................91 Olson, 0. M....................................75 Olson, Rasmnus, Residence of......................83 Pangborn. R. H....................................... 73 Paulsen, Hans, Meat Market of..................93 Pearson, G ust............................................ 83 Pearson, Ida............................................. 83 PAGE Peltier, Joseph, Photos from........................81 Petersen, Isaac..........................................77 Peterson, Ch -is...........................................73 Peterson, Gust E...................................73 Phillips, M rs. Sadi...................................... 81 Phil ips, Win....................................... 81 Pickling and Canning Plant, Menominee.....77 Plutchak, G ust.........................................75 Plutchak, Julius........................................83 Plutchak, Mr. and Mrs. Robert....................75 Plutchak, Robert, Photo from................93 Plutchak, Rudolph and Family Group.........85 Presz, J..................................... 79 Rasmussen, James................................75 Reichardt, August................................75 Rickinson, Mr. and Mrs James B................83 Ryberg, M. N., Residence of.......................81 Samuelson. Alfred C.,................................ 73 Savoie, Gilbert and Family Group...........81 Sawall, Chas., Residence of........................83 Saw yer, A. L.............................................75 Schm'dt, E. I., Photo from........................85 Schuette, C. W., Photos from....................93 Schuette, E. E.........................................75 Sedergren, Eric G..................................... 85 Sexton, V. B.....................................75 Shanahan, John..................................79 Shepeck, James, Residence of.....................89 Sieman, Fred D....................................... 85 Sorensen, Rasmus, Residlence of...................87 Spies Block, Menominee...........................77 Spies Public Library, Menominee.................77 Springer, Chas. B., Hotel...........................81 Stebins, B. D, Residence of.......................91 Stern, Christian, Residence of.....................89 Sub. Grade on Bay Shore Road..................85 Sugar Beet Factory, Menominee..................77 Swanson, Albert, Residence of...................81 Swanson, Chas. G., Home of......................91 Swanson, Otto, Residence of....................... Sword, A. L.......................................75 Thoney, Adolph and family.......................81 Thioney, Jake, Residence of........................91 Thoney, Nick, Residence of......................89 Town Road................................................93 Vandenplas, Frank. Barn and Stable of.......91 Viau, Harmidas, Residence of............91 Viau, Treffle, Residence of.........................91 Wachter, F. A., Photo from...................... 83 Wachter, Henry, Residence of...................93 W agner, Andrew.....................................83 Wagner, Louis and Family.........................83 Wagner, Louis. Residence a d Corn Field of 87. Waldo, Nels, Residence of....................... 89 W all, O rin..............................................79 Wangerin, August............. 73 Wanske, Martin, Residence of................... 91 W arner, H iram.........................................79 Weng, Andrew E., Residence and Family of..89 W erline, G. T.....................................:.....73 W heaton, Peter.....................................77 W heeler, Peter.........................................81 W hite, N els............................................. 83 Wigren, Mr. and Mrs. Magnus............... 79 XWigren, Magnis, Photo from......................79 Wilkens, C. W., Store of...........................83 W ilson, Chas...................................85 Wiltzins, Benard, Residence of.................91 Wurtzel, Herman.....................................77 Zeratskv, August, Residence of................... 93

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Page  10-11 . ''',.. Title: South Part of the City of Menominee 31 N 27 W Keywords: Menominee Count Agricultural College; State Road; Wabash Ave.; Michigan Ave.; Spies Ave.; Carpenter & Harmons 1 Add; Park Ave.; Michigan St.; McLeod St.; Menominee Real Estate Cos 1 Add; Stephensons; Stephenson Ave.; Stephonson & Kirby’s 1 Add; Spies & Bird’s 1st Add; State St.; Sawyer Ct.; Main St.; Pharmacy; High School; A. Spies; M. Corry; Menominee Land & Imp. Co.; Dunlap Ave.; Ogden Ave.; McLeod’s Add; Buell’s 1st Add; Woboswell’s; Somerville Ave.; Robinson; McCollough; Mory L Lette; Mary A Moreau; C. Rome; Boswell School; High School; Jos Kollas; Boswell’s 2nd Add; Complete Add; Stephenson’s; Polish Church; Alex Melana; Jos La Brun Jr.; Mrs. C. Guay, Jr.; R. Leon; A J Lemeu; Cath. Church; Louie Pollelen; Mrs. Reid; C. Gibout; Anton Eichor; Oliver Parent; Alden & Incalls’ 2nd Add; Allden & Incalls’ 1st Add; St. Jos. Hospital; Ger. Cath. Church; Elizabeth St.; Catherine St.; Church & School; Jenkins & Holmes Add; Gewehs Add; Water Works; First Latl.; Bank Offic of M & M T & L Co; Public Library; Liesen & Henes Brewery; Lyon Bros. & Co.; Lesbem’s 1st Add; Dam; M. & M. Paper Co.; Erdlitz St.; Ben Hall; Menominee River Boom; Co.; F. robel; Jas. Hogan; W. Reindl; A. LeMieux etal.; Menominee River Brwg. Co.; Lot 7; Lot 6; Green Bay; Carpenter Cook Co.; Lot 1; Car Ferry Slip; A. A. R. R.; Buetel Fish Co.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Boswell St.; Pearl St.; Kirby Carpenter Co.’s 4th Add; Chicago Milwaukee & St. Paul; Bridge St.; Belleview St.; Kirby Carpenter Co.;s 3rd Add.; Lot 2; Carpenter Cook Co.; Court House; Co. Jail; Marinette Ave.; Baker Ave.; Grand Ave.; Rine St.; Maud St.; Carpenter ST.; M. & M. T. & L. Co. Powerhouse; Car Barn; M. Gray; Mrs. Straust; Mrs. A. G. Razche; S.Myers Can.; S. P. H. F. Co.; Rone; Moxinge Marcoullier; Liberty St.; Commercial Bank; Land& Abstract Bldg.; Natl. Hotel; Kirby St.; Second St.; First St.; Almyra St.; Guy St.; Grand Ave.; Luddington Ave.; Sugar Pac. Off.; Wells Ave.; Ludington & Carpenter’s Add.; Opera House; S. M. Stephenson, Est.; Mary Jullner; P. S.; W. S. G. Est.; K. & B.; O. M. R.; M. & S. Despens; W. S. Carpenter; A. Paalzosv Est.; Menominee Hotel; Fire Sta.; Strom Signal Station; Menominee River Sugar Co.; Carpenter Cook Co.; Mich. Refining & Preserving Co.; Steamboat Dock; C. C. Co. Wholesale; Depot; U. S. Light Hse. Keeper; Pengilly Ave.; Spice and Candy Factory; L. Emerson; S. M. Stephenson, Est.; West St.; Pickle Plant; Romsey & Jones Coal Dock; L & H Brewing Co.; Note: County Seat of Menominee Co. - Michigan - Copyright 1912 by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. - For Middle Part of the City of Menominee, See Page 13 - Southeast Part of the City of Menominee adjoins the South Part on the Southeast at points marked

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Page  13 H z HT /I /...../.. KOF If INI ~i r~~~2N~ ~Zo) w N ~A~N~A~cc2& 00 Os CA.. 50oSN maN 0VZ/ OsoO9 09090 09 '0 09 013 a rN Q ft COQ s-. ki 'Iv - Caiz2J f 7K ý'a (Y) Or, L Lý- NI) LTý %-.A,Do CO \0 IZ) 03 L 0 YZ to Q:* p m ---m. k I 05K OW" I L4 Title: Middle Part of the City of Menominee 32 N 27 W Keywords: Green Bay; S. M. Stephenson Est.; A. Spies; B. T. Phillips; Phillips Ave.; Phillip’s 1st Add; Spies Add.; Harrison Ave.; Morton Ave.; Blaine Ave.; Gertrude Ave.; Barbara Schaefer; Broadway Ave.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; A. Spies Lumer & Cedar Co.; Commercial Club of Menominee; Lloyd Mfg. Co.; Factory; And. Gram.; Fremont Ave.; Lincoln Ave.; Garfield Ave.; Lakeview Ave.; Lincoln School; Sanford & Treadway Planing Mill; Pen Box & Lumber Co.; John Fish; Peter Jenson; F. Ficht; F. DeCamp; F. Gowlitz; K Nelson; Claus Becker; T. Parsek; J. Parsek; J Carcinski; Marth Ave.; Zimmer Ave. Pearson Ave.; Spies’ 1st Add; Paalzow’s 1st Add; Frederick Ave.; Ruth Ave.; J. W. Wells Lbr. Co.; Saw Mill; Menominee Lbr. & Iron Co.; Menominee County Agricultural Society Fair Grounds; Telephone Electrical Supplies; Men. Et. Mtg. Co.; Kirby Carpenter Co.’s 5th Add.; Kirby Creek; Kirby Carpenter’s 2nd Add; Spencer Ave. Sawyer & Waites 1st Add; Waite Ave.; Elizabeth St.; Emma St.; Sawyer & Waite’s 1st Add; Krby & Carpenter Co’s 1st Add; Jenkins St.; Kall’s Add; State St.; Fish Ct.; Continental & Commercial Nat’l Bank of Chicago; Park Ave.; Sawyer Ct.; Hill Ave.; Cen 34 Seg; Note: County Seat of Menominee Co. - Michigan - Copyright 1912 by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. - For North Part of the City of Menominee, See Page 15 - For South Part of City of Menominee, See Pages 10 &11

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Page  15 I NOTH PART OfP 15 CO IjINTY SEA T OF MENOMINLV] -ECo. M I'OHIOAN.,TWP. 3.2N.R.a-2 7WX 4f2KY_ 4i t / 0 g yt /t012 &y 6eaA.J Oy&le~X 6o, (4 0 8 s o. N 0 F' Jo-/?781Tie'2ZI2 G7ki52I4 C HERIA (460 -1/ 56 78901/1 Kj)KK 3. coitoc3 WI~rrz.om3bhoGc 'I1g0 51 (6+ 8 52 16 2*2 -88 -i 6 K). - 4~814- 10 N-7f~1 %OUP. N-2/lF Vis 50 to 1.t7Zo17 1 No I If- 2~ 06 5. 60 A VE7 6.1, -1:5-0so ssý- (7608:50' '50,5-860 50 50I / 8/Io 8~10 11o 7 -e x2-? ac7?is VE.\ - P6/7KOfAft'//CCCP C/3 A A 'I / / 1 / 2Z2e zz 7lm. 22i5 4. ~ or Lstzca - ~ c '4 Title: North Part of the City of Menominee 32 N 27 W Keywords: Cox & Roper; Nels A. Larson; F. E. & Henry Hanson; Sec. Cor 2726; John Henes; Menominee L. & I. Co.; Sheridan Ave.; Hancock Ave.; Lakeside Add.; Washington Ave.; John Henes City Park; Wilson Ave.; brown & Blesh; G. Schroeder; Hjalmer Olson; H. W. Merriam Shoe Co.; C. I. Cook; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Euclid Ave.; Burlin Ave.; Earle St.; Blesch, Hicks & Williams’ 1st Add; Morrison’s; Arbor Ave.; Arthur Ave.; Lottie St.; Peter Sibenaler; Pavillion; Lagoon; Grand Blvd.; Peter & Morrison’s; H. A. Brown; C. Berg; Hans Larson; Mrs. E. Houte; F. Beyer; Menominee River Shingle Co.; Taylor Ave.; Arbor Ave.; ine Ave.; Arthur Ave.; A. Anderson; A. Kramer; F. Zoerb; Peter Simmer; A. Spies Lumber & Cedar Co.; Taylor’s 1st Add; Alma Ave.; Martinek’s Add; Campbell Ave.; Emma St.; Elizabeh ST.; State St.; Gertrude Ave.; S. Person; Public School; H. F. Sieman; Wm Sieman; Sophie Taylor; Hannah Tetzloff; D. B. Grant; D. Pedore; M. Kubiak; Horacs; VanDoozer; Aug. Peterson; M. Tebo; C. Siemans; A Bushick; Coleman Ave.; M. Johnson; Clara Eastman; Jens Miller; E. Cencisee; Wm Seman; C. E. Corell; Henry Sieman; Julia Newman; B. Stout; M. Karl; W. Sieman, Jr.; Hubbard; Belle Wilson; L. D. Eastman; Note: County Seat of Menominee Co. - Michigan - Copyright 1912 by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. - For the Middle Part of City of Menominee, See Page 13

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Page  17 Ct, 0)0 * 400 J /cC/Z-1cL S I6K a9-) -Z 70 19-,e) 5 K e17 c- ool N 40 Nii -2/ C/IV Cct5' %YT7::" - Sc3muc4 * 4 <2-- 0e-7-J 7 NR 2 7 [ Off-to: li-2CA1 -0 -72-Z 4tO 17j44 40 Title: Stephenson 35 N 27 W Keywords: Vic. De Kane; J. W. Loomis; Mrs. M. C. Monegal; Mrs. C. W. Temple; S. A. Benjamin; M. Wheeler; Mrs. B. M. Dodle; Mr. O. Temple; Norwood Bowers; Chas. Swanson; Grange Hall; Wallie Londee; N. Burke; J. E. Lay Cock’s Add; Ed. Gorden; N. Burke; Willow St.; Divison St.; Stephenson Creamery Co.; Alb Temple; R. G. Larson; J. H. Marson; Mabel L. Perrizo; Geo. Little; Section St.; N. Bowers; Joe Guinen; W. B. Winter; Alb. Hanson; Robet ST.; Samuel St.; School; Isaac St.; School St.; M. E. Church; Hotel; P. O.; town Hall; Hotel; Division St.; Mill St.; Bank; Depot; Cath. Church; W. P. Kezar; Ed Perrizo; S. Gould; Center St.; Menominee St.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Homestead St.; Bird’s 1st Add; Rail Road; Alart & McGuire Co.; Samuel Olson; Wm. Elder; Alb. Hanson; Robert St.; Leisen St.; F. Newberg; A. Johnson; Henes St.; Maple St.; Little St.; Stephenson House; Leisen & Hene’s Add; Hemlock St.; Pine St.; C. S Hart; F. Bouretta; D Bouretta; Lauerman Bros; W. F. Eash.; J. R. Welsh; Ed. Lorlie; Rob’t Tazro; Joel Bergstrom; Hiram Warner Note:

Page  [unnumbered] f -p 18, NJ NJ Q) C-~ e~zr 7 410 cz, 0 0. 0-(g e 6,0' 6 6.0 6 26 f. 4zul. tuI+:L4 US1C(b 6' 4 0'fro Ilk. 607 '7%9 0 it t NJ J60 6 \f- 4 3 zfctz6qS'z4z3 e Z 17 d'Cr /0/,/,/o 1-9 -/6 V F 2JCc% -4---.--- 0 V. GUDI? LY Al 5. VV14 - S-W.A/%SEC 17 T.8. Vcrzdrlz a I e j;Zah F4 BMza,,i-i 0 MIotfro i -CEDAR -RIVIER P0. ~ T frP.5 IVR. -5 - V S. Czr aW.14-r0Z, Y 5--SOc?6 te~ i POWRS ]fcrmcrn liHar lhatZ FERN HILL. FARtM T Laleni- e Z4~ ~~ /75 2 szC 0r wazoo Craelria e~$gS,g)?~250.4 N Q) kJ Nj 0 93 N 0 0 K) + t (0 (0 P. Perrzzo & sons. 3.00 Wa ch I er;4. g~l Crdet-C 00 fzt.5 to: Y\0$ PosO-te o Sl/ V 586 K-essler8Lrcsorty Title: Spalding, Guerley, Powers and Bagely 38 N 26 W Keywords: T. Martell; C. Martell; Oak Ave.; Sam Brazean; Elm Ave.; Oliver Iron Mining Co.; Catholic Church; Pine Ave; Original Town; Hemlock St.; Cedar St.; Ashland Ave.; Birch St.; Big Cedar River; Post Office; J. Wood; A. Bouty; Frank Beatson; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Maple St.; Menominee River Brewing Co.; C. Conardson; Helen St.; C. Thompson; Harold St.; Depot; Cheese Factory; Boston; Ross Bros Add; Herbert St.; Greenwood Ave.; X. Lobre & Sons; F. Vanderplas; J. Blahnik; T Blahnik; T. Moitro; F Mercier; F. Henry; Mottro Henry; Mashek Lumber Co.; John Otradovic; S. Crawford & Sons; M. Jerue; Sarah H. Sounders; Store; Church; School; Green Bay; U. S. Lighthouse; E. H. Crawford; A. G. Nesbitt; Cedar River; Mill; Hotel; Mrs. S. McCullough; J. B. Goodman Co.; Herman Hartwig; Fern Hill Farm; Mrs. Prince; F. LeBlane; L. Bucky; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; T. Lawrence; D. Morron; H Valentine S. Lainbent; W. L. Martine; T. McGinn; Wm Lawrence; Mrs. Prince; A. P. Gillis; Town Hall; C. E. Bradner; Oliver Mining Co.; First St.; Second St.; Third St.; Cedar St.; Fourth St.; John Archibald; Wm. Cory; J. L. Smith; M. J. Finnerty; Mrs. Smith; F. Honeywell; C. Waldo; H. B. Lawrence; H. H. Little; Original Town; First Add.; Post Office; Bank; Depot; High St.; Main St.; Newspaper; Pine St.; H. E. Lawrence; Wm. Cory; J. Fantanna; Camiel Brinn; John Cory; P. Perrizo & Sons; Chcago & Northwestern R.R.; G. T. Werline; Mary Wachter; Leisen & Henis; Post Office & Store; Depot; M. Schweig; F. A. Wachter; Fanny; Kessler & Landsborough; A. Maures; Con Bailey; Bagley; Powers; Spalding; Cedar River P. O.; Guerley; C.E. Bradner; Note:

Page  19 C >' /.....2.2..u.o - aoaznns ~2o 10SL7J~4 c 1~'$~~4( XGo T4-- N)N ) I / / 0) N 09 rt 4- (5, ~ASi ~tVA rK *41( '4 IL *'~~1 F 222Zcg *t~ ~ sc'S' a2 Fr 5K/CO 'V 0 0 4> _ to N X VIL Al P L -LIT VO Z2'D&2 Ja'z,9) I0 1'- 'K) U," '5' C 'H K) I Cr) Ct rii.bN ýZ2N 144' 00 --__'tjt;0 2 -T -IaaT. a U c-7Q2J I ccC) or N C741) ~ 0) 'N) 0. n/a cAr (9 (rj on 0 K (9 '4' ~3 010~09%0~~Q\ Q7~ K) 'A ~ 03.4 K 2 A' ~ to NI Q (9. I~~~~~P Yo 4'"4 ~s 09 09 En N ( 1 4A '0l Nl~ $ lk. -Ift-C I V-ma I I K (9 Li 9) K L(9 9UI 4 KS K 0 '0 *0 --6 k. f. Title: Hermansville, Faithorn, Carney 38 N 27 W Keywords: Wisconsin Land & Lumber Co.; Catholic Church; Fifth St.; Fourth St.; Third St.; Second St.; First St.; Linden St.; Depot; Post Office; Minneapolis St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie R. R.; Main St.; Mill Pond; Boarding House; Office; Company Store; T. A. Peete; E. A. Radford; Geo. Earle; Elm St.; Otto Swanson; Lumber Yard & Mills; Creamery; Leo Schultz; Erie Sax; M. Anderson; M. Tarapello; John Bitchel; Hans Hanson; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Mrs. Mary Morrison; Dan Bonneau; Wm. Sherman; School; Minn St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie R. R.; Harter & Son; P. O. & Store; W. A. Goorison; Hotel; Wis. & Mich. R. R.; Harters Mill; Marlin Farrell; Harter & Son; J J Dunn Jr. Store; C. C. Johnson; A. L. Sword; Old Man St.; Maggie St.; Harry St.; Lecroix St.; Pengilly St.; M. Farell; Fred Carney; Res.; R. Marlack; Hermansville; Faithorn; Carney; John B. Junion; J. H. Hannan; J. Junian; C. E. Guard; Town Hall; R. T. Estabrook; School; Jul. Duguaine; Peter Garrigan; C. E. Guard; Sena Larson; Post Office; Quarter Corner 1920; Carney Supply Co; A. Hart; O. E. Blomguist; Peter Garrigan; Lars Larson; Olaf Johnson; Chicago and Northwestern R. R.; E. P. carney; Jul. Duquaine; R. R. Eastabrook; R. T. Estabrook; S. J. Matheys; Henry Ritter; S. J. Lahay; Ruth Garrigan; K. O. T. H. Hall; Emil Blomguist; Wm Morgan; A. G. Nelson; Olaf Johnson; Anton Hanson; Note: Platted as Harter

Page  [unnumbered] *, - I M~orjslzeTIe 00Jon 2-?rga.(9Oo(U /8/<90 -D99J;0S599d 6070.0.6 600, 6:- __ 6006.wm /00 //00/0too /OR. RDR - - - - TCTl V4 do %_, Cý:.Cb CO 19 Ur.,, 9)Q) Qj.10.45/00l 60/0 6 to/ 0.Q/00 /00 '00o 335/O i6Z r7 -77 - - - - (L:IiA erh&r R~g Peytzo 9ASln,rrI7 00 Rlt OAt' OArt'Q R4vJhno B VS)1( z1c 92.Jbhnso2 G, 00S.4 cea 0 L- - ---A QD r7 0 >34 JrL. o. 2) zz -r?/?a ciZ,-. K> 0 (0 N Co Q (yr PD 0 6, 0 Rcz 7222 so _______________ Li I. 0 0-z I t I a I I -ra K K Cl 0 Ii I J 'C 'C (C "N, K> (N 1 0 k 0 ('3 "3 'C. cc C) &, >4 j% ND W 'D < >4 C10 c, 0 CM "0 0 S Cu N 0 K0 N. Co Zý., ý -,I Co ' <la Jf es sler ". < 0 Itess en &0Johson ~ ANI 3 '/4 Title: Daggett and Banat 35 - 36 N 27 W Keywords: Paul Perrizo & Sons; Mrs. M. F. White; D. Landisborough; Walter Paine; M. J. Doyle; P. R. Johnson; Ewald Bros; F. Palm; Nelson Bros; Parron; L. E. Weng & Sons; F. Palm; E. J. Belongie; L. E. Weng; Jas. Kessler; Mrs. O. Eckman; G. P. Ness; Isaac Carlson; Mrs. S. Barry; John Alskog; Mill Spur; E. Belongie; Mrs. H. Hillman; E. Nelson; G. Landmark; Adolph Thoney; D. H. Landsborough; Gus. Carlson; And. Mason; Kessler & Johnson; Wm Wandelz; Max Kunze; D. R. Landsborough; Florence St.; Kiln St.; Post Office; Deggett St.; Village Hall; Church; P. R. Johnson; Glady St.; Paul Perrizo, Jr.; Railroad Ave; Perrizo’s Add; Original Town; Bush Ave.; P. R. Johnson; Main St.; Jno. Dunham; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Hotel; A. Brule; Jas. Kessler; Ed Pairon; R. Foxworthy; Ed Plutchak; Louis Cohen; A. Bellringer; F. J. Schmidt; Cook Ave.; Blesch Ave.; Washington Ave.; Wisconsin & Michigan R. R.; M. Bortcheiler; Post Office; Store; J. Roth; A. Herche; F. J. Scmidt; Depot; Cemetery; O. Sonntag; J. Burger; Haggerson Ave.; G. Weber; F. Herche; First St.; Broadway St.; Third St.; Fourth St.; Fifth St.; Sixth St.; F. Eppler; M Daggerdorf; Blom Ave. Note:

Page  21 ..f * 4 * 4 4 4, * 4 * 4, * 4 -> 4 4,.4 -. * 4 4 4 * 4 * 4 7'j 4, 4 4 4 1. 4 * * 4 4 4 S * 4,-. 4 * 4 4 N' V. ) I * 4i Vt I V -4 * 4 4 -1 4 4' 'S * 4.4 4 * 4 ~1 A Cs -.--- ~ ~ lp;i-t~~ ~04~ttAP C -. IDFRACT, TOWNSHIP 36 N7RANGE 24ýW. I iif Jr: Of THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN coT qýb - -. I --.: 1OUGAV j i ~UUAlVN 10 1~ LLeLt5 DELTA Sn Jh e o F M Q5. Crcw a0.~ G rru cdcAl______ _ __ a__ otf I_ _ 5 -tao Yz zX avcy 501-a2, aid CoZ7804: 400trr7~ r _72 -zc~0C o9 y e ctr z'q0 049 14'e#d 1))T Z _7.5 S kcnyc~czz 4 ~>'o C/ /AI eJ4.J ztlrz a cy c /7 S__0Jc12 4 In - U.7/70127502720/272d2 4202 L7 L Jfnfl scY7 ~ n Ifi-ft~ ztzs [LosBc (n LU - -(I/I Title: Map of Fract. 36 N 24 W Keywords: Delta Co.; Green Bay; J. A. Bryden; A. C. Schultz; S. Crawford & Sons; J. J. Mallman; John Corry; Geo. Baldwin; Jos. J. Mallman; Sparrow & Longyear; J. A. Bryden; Alex Savoy; S. Olson; John Martinson; R. Eggert; john corry; jos. J. mallman; J. P. McColl; Ringwood & Nesbitt; H. A. Schultz; School; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; C Johnson; Nils Peterson; wm. Edstrom; Sparrow & Longyear; Ringewood & Nesbit; Geo. Baldwin Est.; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Joe Swenson; J. Wickham; D. Thompson; Paul Wilhelm; Ed Hansen; peter nielson; J. wickham; J. P. McColl; Skidmore Land Co.; Kinfield & Zettle; Jos. J. Mallman; Phil Le May; Harkins & Kinfield; Leslie Harkins; L. D. & Etta Harkins; John Bastrow; Bergman & Gasmann; a. Lawrence; W. Wilhelm; John Barstow; L.D. Harkins; Fox P.O.; Bark Cr.; Thos. Bolen; Jos. Juneau; A. G. Nesbit; Kinfield & Zettle; Kinfield & Harkins; Alb. Baker; Phillip LeMay; Joe Swenson; Sparrow & Longyear; A. Lawrence; Bergman & Gasmann; L.D. Harkins; Thos. Bolen; Jos. Juneau Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  22 ibake e4 ad t40.fcrtnc 47__ de_ R JPjj71,i4 &,3 x f /yO a ll- Z d z zd6 zz.47>2: -I /Ol C71 40 40 -___0____ 10 Ca.0 'YO N cd- arlcrta 1 Cf1,st 7evIke t tl7e John 9has./ cries 29o M)xos-ro0/ i~czarnzec A 7st 7 & 2lC " Ia-nd 6~' ass ~zi.5 -I 5c00(j~ 4 /1 CSAcley Title: Map of Fract. Township 34 N 25 W Keywords: K Schmidt; Thos Lake; J Kennedy; Rug Richard; Menominee River Lumber co.; Theo Schubet; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Aug. Richardt; Assn. Ltd.; S. Crawford & Sons; J Martinson; F Kremer; Joe Betzler; Karl Richter; W. A. Kimple; Alb. Mattie; H. A. Brown; School; C. Martinson; Albert Mattie; John Henes; Chas. Christenson; Chas Nrman; S. C. Haywatd; C. Hayward, Res.; Zeiser Bay; Nels Knutson; And Piller; Nels Nyholm; Alf Mattie Sr.; Albert Mattie, Jr.; John Sundn; Augusta Peters; Anton Anderson; Ed Christenson; Peter Upgard; John Isaacson Galt, res.; S. Crawford & Sons; A. Bakman; J. Corry; Frank Brendemuhl; Frank Brendemuhl; And. Bakman; R. T. Kleinke; Ed Eonn; H. P. Schmidt; School; Chas Zeiser; Green Bay; Arthur Bay; Arthur Bay P. O.; Ed Barstow; C. L. Bailey; T. Harrower; L. Eckstrom; S. R. VanPatten Note: of the Michigan meridian

Page  23 ATNSHIP 35 N., RANGESI4 24 and 25W. -7rT-ir -7 (1 -1 -.1 2bit PAS 0 4.7556 156. 15 S6 7 4-9 -57.7 5.70ý57- 61 57./0c 57.13 -4woO7.-3 zosaS14-o6=$ w/o? s 1360 -16-----.so0-T terra..a -Z ye, 6 f ctn7SICY:!?-2- So ord / t0 on7s7S1 Craw or07c/ &Son77S4o ec/io oI 4140 747eT7Zn~. gea &Son.tP0C Gnw eisS 12 L5- C t 4r-0& S q s trw0r6 & o rs40S n &204 10 94O 4 I R-ce 4- 86 ~'od SnsTr - Caworl cg o ns A&Lrrzyerb 24020 4 0 400 40, Ce6S'40.Br-cz soIZstle7-1,'T n, Tebo 7--ZRtn -wo:Y60 enýR 0 () 4a34 sbc-0. Zew /9 s j Jars, e 200 4c0. 140 q- 7162-41 r t 6Z f so 0 0/7 eopet c~rlcson-. ta (To 40 5077. enry80120 Co 4-zco4-0 80 40Oenaeraa & 4-0 120 ~~~4 raiFtIe nz c z ~5 Caw YQCY7 ine 40 e- -re feral 60 Az-Yroc '80 40 4 40 'IV APO 41P lp Title: Map of Fract. Township 35 N 24 - 25 W Keywords: Green Bay; S. Crawford & Sons; John Westman; N. Bowers; Aug. Kraus; L. E. Weng & Son; John Friberg; A. Richardson; F. Schwartz; D. Durrow; Ringwood & Nesbitt; A. G. Nesbitt; Perrott Bros.; Sparrow & Longyear; J. A. Bryden; M. Freiman; S.Geo. Gerue; S. C. Hayward; David Page; john Corry; J. A. Bryden; J. M. Longyear; Matt Dumpkas; E. H. Crawford & A. G. Nesbitt; Matt Dumpkas; E. B. Granholm; Chas Laboy; W. Alerich; David Page; John Perrott; Geo. Wurtzle; O Brisette; School; John Wetkewic; John Wertman; Emma Geist; P. H. Geist; H. Van Denthit; M. Tebo; Jos Lutalewicz; Jos Stage; Tony Gazkes; H. L. Antmich; And. Ahlfors; J. Foley; Walter Wright; Little Cedar River; Cedar River; C. Mulwic; John Dowgowitz; Sparrow & Longyear; M. Jerue; N. Bowers; Paist Bros.; Pingwodd & Nesbit; J. M. Riely; Cedar River P. O.; E. H. Warner; Art Hooper; Henry Hooper; J. L. Athey; Chas Zeiser; C Bree; W. Kimpel; H. Waller; Aug. Kling; F. Kramer; John Kramer; Frank Kramer; H. Brooks; B. T. Bradley; F. Gregory; P. Lemeux; S. Williams; J. Martinson; Kimpel Land Co.; Jos. Dowywife; W. J. O’Donnell; T. Haberland; Sarah H. Saunders; Williams; Blake Sparrow & Longyear; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  24 R7273'as 1 oolaa~o ou~~;o;jTq: 19 Ii I I t I -II ' su I CA0 K\4 5&2t91!3 6.4 56.~g~7 0 Yrc o 00 ~5 00 K4 131 370 6 ~Ga3 SSCLC7d3c? "I I hft Cj n2 r; luffl cc O 3 "1' I3 1 4 Il0 -~~- Th~ ~5r C) C) NJ rz zC;_ "a ~1Na?r ~ ~ K~je t4 S o N( Eh 0' ~5 S N~ NJl C) S C) & S ý U) I K1-~1-1~ i -- -- -L1 ~ I LL~ r*4b"rI A2tert iz~ye ~~ n INN1 f) C) NJ~~c Nt'c11 1 ~ rNr CxD N- ~- _ _ _.T l~C _ _ _i3 _ _3X za ZT 46~ _ _6 ~ ~5Cozýoz~zSW5K ZL NJ~ N %NI % CV0~Q 4 lsa 4 ý......... NQN n' oo0 5.CrC.o w crclac.S o ns ' co2. ~ r ~ "N>~ \ or ~ozrnz r 2 "; 's c&.. \WC e ~ s 2 6 c 0 > -I C)8 ( 1 J 7 7 CCN30 edrcrZ iRk"7 4a<~N ~ ~ W 3.4 7227 X 4cV;ztpflfSI It~. a.~-*fc- -~ 2 O CxZioyle 41< @ i~ 7 / f ( 7Z zre z c s. C.C~C2 L~8 ~ cl Cc I C)~a t _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Irk.~ N iI K ____ S" C) ~5."f r ~ n~ COc f i 1 I c y K~ 40rcS 2 S 0 ZcSO2 J ~Zi4.r, 4, ( %NJ t I~0 O5 f ~c " O r~c'-j (I~5 F~XC)E~ bs 13 it ~ L N% tJ )~ ~ j~ $;~nroIiC r 412.wfrrc - r~rJ N- - A - NJ (P N ___ i ~I 1 F c r: E C f r I c 17 tr l po.l.Ars~ "1. kl i v ----Ci rl S? C) ~5 5-'3~: LI I _ _ I ~5O C) 0 7; Ny ~2S ti flit N r 44 ~5 ~5 0 NJ Q NJ C) { w I 7t. Pe-, -t - # ~5 ~5 0 r xF LB --4 0 II CS A I ~5 (0g 1) 0s . ~5. C) C) S K RI (I) ~5 ~5 S lv <F) C) ~ C) ~ RI 0) C) K (5) 1 C) PM K N) C) (>c 0 ~5 ~5kj I I So K RI -4 (5) (U C) I (J) I Co * '3' L o ~ 00'' 0, I I A. * - I - -I - P I 1mm31 Title: Map of Township 36 N 25 W Keywords: Daniel Deacon Res; S. Crawford & Sons; School; G. Bartlett; John Friberg; Dan Deacon; Robt. Plutchak; Spalding Lumber Co.; Mary Plutchak; W. benthouse; Gregory & Petzer; R. M. Walker; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; G. Plutchak; Poor Commissioners of Menominee Co.; G. A. Doyle; A. Kilse; Lumberman's National Bank; Gaulke Bros; Chas McGinler; L. E. Weng & Son; F. Straus; Jul Brown; John Friberg; W. E. Heath; O. Bergstrom; Anton Marks; F. O. Tradovek; A. Lindahl; Chas McGunley; J. H. Johnson; Mangus Wigen; Lowenstine & Co.; W. Wilson; Chris Stern; Durow Bros.; Albert Engel; O. Ahola; P. R. Johnson; Wm. Oberdorfer; L. Fick; P. LeMay; Hughitt Cedar Co.; Jas. Blake; J. Corry; J. J. Mallman; C. Denniston; J. M. Thompson; Hughitt Cedar Co.; John Donovan; O. Saxbery; Albert Gleisner; Chas Frick Est.; L. Fick; And Sandlin; M. Kutz; J. Rosenberg; F. Klatt; Lauerman Bros.; O. Wanless; L. Jepson; John Henes; L. Harkins; Harkins & Klinfield; J. B. Goodman Co.; J. J. Mallman; Perrizo & Son Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  25 4 $ 9 4 0 9 v, 4 $ 4 4 4 4 * 4 9 9 4 4 4 $ * 4 4 4 4 4 *S 9 4 4. 4 4 M* 4 4 Mv b ýr. el F:25.4 r ýTOWSHIP37 N,., ANGE-5 W 0 0 a 4 4 * I -A K> NJ05 cr7 >~wc 772, Jr qr # 0 Pro' i egsC? to frnt5 Afcrs Ye/c 50 - TZ ci"izc S 222zs~ cit. _Z7 J'74&2ný _7ngez 9, -99 -6 C. seit 2. 4c 9c) 2 c90 #0CC6 -7$ 5' CL I i I i i RM N p Rter 5017 ~0,q t -Jean 40 4 I rc. 40 I k% Cc S-Crc c9cE 40 - 022-2s' 40 ja C rr U0.40 T'>0Z:K (JR 23 K' 4-4 - h1i 7 23 42- / 11% 7-t 3...'Cc2 CC[crc! 40 21f/0A9I < 0 N N C~9z 0p CF) 571 10 KS ~0 4 +:6F 4 ' 10 r-Zac Beie-z. Q) Ft &e:> 4g IIt) 46 0.4 -S... -4 ftt 479Z * 4 * 4 + 4 4 4 * 4.4 4 4 4 * 4 Ii Sc' df:p - 1 4,ýr c", 1ý1'1 Af Io I -, %J:o __-10___ 40 _ __-72_ Z J cc. 0 05. 8c9Q o ~.k&dcc.-r2Yrc$ K rao~zu5 u~e d~rcw~dax~rz-Ic '0 ur _ _ 71'001 _Z65( A~ZJYrzos ~ ~ A 3 ool -Non- e &'r7-c ZJos 6 _ _ _ o_ _ _ __a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ 8 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __:5;_- v_ _ _ ~ _ _ _ _~ c 7 /ac ctt sh _All_ 40 60C 7 Pýo ~ zr er __ ___ __ P01 /7J _AeA. owo~ 7 sefr eas *Jo~ 2. Q-j.~~ f z - c ~.% / / N446 0 40 sCc- 40C-0 eo zru~H O1K~rJc -Ac 5 r W 0 8 30 23 J ~ asp r K A (ry 0-2W 40. p 46) 26Z a&CcC, 40 3o&~0 2/40 C74 ro v6(e, 5.- tl f o d c a 4 500 3/o 5 iV2 4Zc.-,C) 440/ 4 N-ýN A-'eTZ17ý So2ee 617-C 35W _____0 444 9.9 '9 e, 10 k-k - KIJtraciovecL w e-) Z.E 5. 5cr5 ow/or &s C it xv 2? -IL icc- ICc) ovee 40 a 0 S QJ 4::; I 20 YXC) 0 j 7cc L6/rc eFo r3 2 716ca~ svl~ F I -L 3ff m $, I a It EM2 BE Mn ra'&&4.4 0,p 0 0 4>Xo "J V-Ju 9 0< 6-10 K 7 I,7I - 7T 640 i9er ACI D Title: Map of Township 37 N 25 W Keywords: Theo Dirkmann; G. Frock; G. T. Werhine; L. Frock; Nadeau Bros.; Jos. Pavlat; J. Raisar; Jos. Derosier; S. Bunda; Mashek Lumber Co.; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; School; Bernard Augustine; Frank Vandenplas; A. Jean; P. Garrigan; Peter Nelson; Mashek Lumbr Co.; G. T. Werline; Peter nelson; Wm Bellefeuil; T. Duca; Emile Baurain; Peter Wery; School; J. Weary; Antone Lanaville; Two Rivers Mfg. Co.; Desire Weary; David Moreau; Church; Cem.; S. Crawford & Sons; L. Mack; Jos Collard; E. Degrave; J. B. Goodman Co.; Tony Motto; Schidmore Land Co.; M. Harris; Mrs. F. DePas, Est.; Bergmann & Gassman; John Johnson; C. Gerald; H. Kenney; Jos. & Josh Wery; Peter Wery; David Moreau; And. Fox; I. Gregory; John Pavlat; Anton Marks; J. S. Gittins; Theo. Jasper; Alb. Frazer; Mashek Lumber Co.; H Marks; Frank Potter; John Oadovic; N. Bonjean; Thos. DeGrave; John Shefchik; F. Kwapil; Wolf Rode; Geo Lacount; J. A. Desatell; Ullman & Co.; John Pater; John Janofske; L. E. Weng & Son; T. Beiseker; J. Peterson; H. J. Danforth; Delta; Peter Garrigan; G. Prell;H. Lotharius; F. Otradovec; P. R. Johnson; Matt Otradovec; L. E. Weng; Real Personal Property; M. Otradovec; Jos Truman; F. Otradovec; Wm. Fazer; John Sylves; J. Herstine; T. DeGrave; J. Ullman; J. Rosenberg; Skidmore Land Co.; Jos. Collard; Cedar River; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  26 r% e4 -II 64 I I I I '~C) - - '~2 j. 41 VO '1 I 3 '3 ~2 3.3 K 149 --9' 2 6 -. Vs/ V ocz MiOfl9C - ~t- - 227c5. 10 0 DO " ~~4 ~ r5 Secct ~PaZ-z - IAz N *4 QJ ~ ~~urry 40 ACcJ 3}hnez 4C) w N N RW SI. OS.czc?7a7227 -At 7f koh 12(< F--04.0 - ATS 0 fZe Qj 00.6)C17 *:90n CAB Cocc _7' -76 4s V N 0 N V. NZZ A Y Frct V SAc 1200 N SC~\ Zdcl.7k 9t2.~ssks~e. o7 ZVels5uczz;cz' I I C. t kate yrcciZ C. lr;y. ~ zz Cc U 44') 55 -3L&410 Cc$741 I:1 S-dir Sd~&' CAT. N Si-ce ci'- R~ A) N I~ z~?4 __ ~jo N. 0~' %~ r 527 - A16N aj ~c2c& John.ttczfl )~0. 5~.[ 74 at 1-T7z-77 3. 0 N?ctz~ztk 0 i A i m- i 10 -. I ý 2. LIlt /-7 - it~! t5 ii FLy Ibar ~zc 0 IN.4 I \J2~~ S + 4 #.... 4P ~# 4 t I I * 4) p x -4-1 - MRM -S. 2z0 ~V~ect "eat4 Yea iZbzzp Cz mrs. '-V. Zoyci 40 It G~ N CZzas 40.Z2cJtfl..1i Rb U NJ~1 11 I I 11ý1-61;lzle tn =N-- 11 4 -. - -. - -2 \~%C2tCPOtfij~ 71c1cL77a% (LjcrJohfl 6! ~ it ~ ~ 40 - d-I z7rý--- ý 'NJ 10 B. I i~~W gbi0 7'r 7,-Jcrn ea6ZZ % t2 7F F -7- - i i \If 22. Recta ze~ýOZnic Soy10 flj ava (7Th. 0 44 0 C/i CA N N 0 ~13 ti N V 0 -M sSon 40 A' -CPhil 80 Ni 065 40 0 'Nj Tr jo,772 firar rzC -~~Zt7a XZzzia *2In or ~6., 4 -44 yr I VIky Cot re L728 ~0NJ (I-V~ Qj Nj a K Co.4 52026) A~7'EZynzz So /VR Good cz 1"c 479 % 'eryrc 725527? Johnz 0 N ~j?~ ~ & 4 4 * 4 * 4 * 4~' * I 4 4 * 4 4 4 * 4 Qi a 1-ý lNi 40 -~ 4C0 1oh ShanaAan aaC.-1 40 C JoArc no * yr.C I I "' INI N-V QJ / ( 4 ~ 40 cao> ~ aSea Pete~ZN _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _L Z7 ___ __ __ H __ aN _f-1 4: __ -cte lzehrrows6T S<7Z - r2 10 '40 - 'F 270 Zýyzr240 '6 cTaaW40blle cCK rou..s.... c.....1. arCL k. %C4 ýzrcz 'S ol XY 80 C L7,9,_ _ ___ 0 _ _ _ _ ___Fy0- __ K 40 ____ z N'N UCL j$ ~ eyr 'z Tle~m C, Elk 1 eany ___ C0 20 ___ __ ~ Ccc N KN K~0 'N,4 en 24- pz * Ifte 06 arnk0 ee909 INJ 2C -e ~ eJzc'zs g (I) ~40 4080 _ 0 V qC~_-Avw/c r ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~- > 6 /e C ~ lt~71l eJzi/ra-a'AQ'o ___ - \URN ____ ___ ____ 40 8-' ~~ ~4:9 t 5a V FC7C 5-dY-V-Z/QzeOF-7a-sZe FeZ'O-9ZT co-- Jos It j,f ai - 2 On7g022 - C?'Jb-HZiGck ht ola S 10Fcyc 8 -: 1 z zrs0c-Z - 4-40 Ca 1 erC)cr 0 vYT (V~ ~~~~~~. n6iý 0 - zZCZ?2Src dz~ ____ ___ _ _____ f Cbe -/-4 _4c1.U xw az crd/09 4 ~ N (~z8o N~ "40 f g0K(/.7 V ZY 54Y-y, ~~Y, 4 * 4 4 I * 4 * 4 C C C 13 C 7 5 rr) It -Z2.(D) -ýýi 4:4 0 Rio X -z-ooz '.1'. u42- 7/I #.46 k37-.A/ J222flop:-rollQ~ 5~a ii --pro Rho - U S C a --OIAe2-2e 40 F kV/rns 10 JohnAZ sqJ,2&'ZZrlu _Z60 '1i '01 - 4 I---w14 _______ 0____ ____ ft fe I w -1P0 e;Zto Y.7. Fr-eest5 -t4,0 - -. ZI., 9 -.J- -; qkq Ak% - - I i IN K& at 10 C XV~42yo. -40 ~j0 0 Fr) LI 0> 'N 0 0 K 40 [[a;interzaZc 7 '4 I LW) C') ~21' V -Z F/Frock 80 Pfcd is - ~&ec, Q0 F 077 Z-2 Znee7*c H y k '4z.-,, - i klý *1* '.-t r-. 7f- - 8cr-Az 40 7 T-..p ~2.ecE 2c2 ff - Z7)-'ln er /-~4ii 40 2/2 Z9r-c ri SC F Eli go Fi-rck 40 0. Y7 tfe 7.i PrC RNcna { Cor~Zct Sons 40 ~2 - Pran k2n V. cr-a Vt Saris 40 10 aU - _____ -- a-..~------s ______ '.4- - ~ - *' 1'-- C C 4> L Or L. u Title: Map of Township 38 N 25 W Keywords: Delta Co.; Wm. Kell; Geo. Kell; Eliz Kell; R. Finnerty; Mr. W. S. Lange; J. B. Goodman; D. Hartman; Evans Bros.; Oliver Mining Co.; Pumfrey Brooks; Isaac Beauchamp; John Corry; D. Mayotte; M. J. Finnerly; Jos. LaPointe; John LaPointe; J. B. Goodman Co.; C. B. House; Emma Frechete; Frank Sharon; Ed Nault; Nels Swanson; C. Hake; A. Myrvall; John Nauer, Est.; Houghten Company; Nels Swanson; herman Strahl; John Badger; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; C. E. Bradner; W. D. Boyce; Phil Lare A. Strahl; Jos. Auyer; Williard French; John French Sr.; Bergman & Gassmen; Ed Zastran; J. H. Boyle; Geo Kell; Am. Kell; R. S. Raymond; F. A. Raymonds; W. Vincent; Wm. Bellefeuil; kellog Switchboard & Supply Co.; M. H. Harris; W. Bellefuel; Beauchamp; R. Br. Co.; F. A. Raymond; Gusta Enfield; Depot; Wilson Sta. & P. O.; L. Beauchamp; John LaPointe; B. St. Joe; Louis Lafortue; M. Lavalley; Joe LaValley; C. Robarge; Mrs. D. Boyd; C. B Houle; Founty Seven; Win Sova; Dalphis Grleau; Adolph Juneau; Chas Cota; D. Jean; Chicago Northwestern R. R.; Houles; Indian Town; A. Myroall; Peter Swill; Joe LaRue; G. Poisson; John Corry; Amos Hart; F. Gasman; D. Jean; Jos Kell; E. C. Tuttle; Phil Labre; Harris; Wm Maves; Frank Krutch; Kurz Bros; Adam Krutch; Peter Krutch; M. Holey; John Shanahan; J. B. Frechett; Jerry Desmond; Z. Lalonde; M. Flynn; W. A. Good; P. DeLoughray D. Flinn; Menominee Brewing Company; Andrew Johnson; A. Tousi; Dave Lofrenir; Henry Oelke; Chas Burns; john Correy; Louis Lafortune; T. Mitchel; Henry Oelke; Cedar River; A; Blazek; John Trousil; August Kleiman; E. E. Norton; E. Juneau; John Lafave; Dalphis Groleau; Henry Bordan; O. Jackson; A. Myrvail; Aug Hartwig; Oliver; Pecha Phil labre; M. J. Finnerly; Rose Waddel; Chas. Elliot; Alphonse Labelle; Joseph Getzlaff; Frank Krutch; Mrs. A. Wendt; Louis Swanson; henry Chevrette; Adelor Lafreniere; F. Champas; A. St. Antoine; M. Kane; P. H. McCauley; M. Harris; Bergman & Gassman; D. Bonno; And Bordeen; Z. Lalonde; Francis Hendry; M. Flynn Est.; Johan Bowman; louis Machia; F. Gregory; Casper Kleiman; V. Kazmierzak; Theodore Kleikamp; Ira Quistorf; Frank Tyra; Frank Krebs; Julius Borden; John Trousil; Chas Elliott; Cath Abba; Tony Pirlot; Joe Mlcore; Louis Hogen; J. C. Purdy; Eli Pirlot; F. Rauthieaux; Theo Jacques; A. Vandermussen; Phil Labre; George St. Antoine; geo. LaVigne; P. DeLoughray; M. Flynn, Est.; Arvid Wedell; E. LaCrosse; Ferrier Leblanc; Jos. Herbeck; Conrad Arnold; Alex Lavigne; V. LaVigne; Joseph Ouradnik; S. Rautez; E. C. Norton; Frank Marsicek; J. Marsicek; F. Pirlot, Est.; Louis Bonjean; Mashek Lumber Co.; Jule Parlot; Felix Pirlot; Anton Swill; Joe Parlot; L. Bondean; D. Wery; Jerry Duchene; Joseph Miller; School; Paul Fayas; Theo. Jacque; H. DeGrave; Henry Frank; M. Harris; L. Kasbohm; Frank Eli; John Wedell, Est.; J. Prest; Axel Anderson; Thomas Cory; Theodore Dirkman; Nadeau Bros.; H. Frock; Valentine Kazmierzak Jos. Samais; Frank Karl; Levi Frock; Anton Marsicek; G. T. Werline; John Marsicek, Sr.; A. Shall; Joseph Borman; Borman & Swill; G. T. Weline; Arkans Bros.; L & E. Plunger; Frank Berro; Phil Labre; V. Rollins; John Duchene; A. Martine; Rollins Gregory; F. Gregory; H. Brooks; T. Keesig; H. A. Brown F. Eli; A. Nahnah Keshig; J. Sahpenais Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  27 p 'a I SScale 2 inches to 1 mile' '3 p 64 f5WJssoo g6' C. 3 SZ.3 7 S.5 37449 13 6? &0c 1, S 71,Q 4V.30 nrI4rrrjC S - ZYod. Pole- I Co A A' N John Szd2-. iý- &. -- - i --'A - I 4 or Y17 A 4 * * 4 * 4 c Wts 5-Londc L&zt7c F 1 - rw ~ CR) - a-,40C >4cm 4'C Wt>n yYiznip ICc.! I 401 Go. 76642 C. c 7Yj 4 rti~- Z2c4022ern CtcZs. j' r9 r son.'~5c~zcora * Ri el o s C,-7ch -: 72-Z te1 2 Cer'2 1 Y2 ccae l I > cas aSSo 7rrc c QL 780 67 72 VZc*orcl Pes Vir - ý)%., -I- - - - - Ilef R I f ) -L I I 2;-A Era ode 720 Wil -#--- I jec.6Z_qczo ZTtecophc k Cr732? cloY? 1Z 7262 A~7 Es cia 705 YV 77ron Soy- lcjfs nW 72 Co.40 S I I '3 V e p AT It 'I ___ 4<)_j U A' front 40 YtYA 0Co )AfPerron 260 62 222OZZ Sc i4&II2I2Zij * 4 4 4 *...4 4 * 4 4 4 * 4 * 4 -4 4 4 4.4 4 iij * 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 * 4 4 4 IV K -' c2zf4o22 VScAoen tu I So John ? ScAb CrL. - ýPIY4 ec) /, xl> r n. I 40 II &0,V \Cf--)ceCae 4cc IJp II 4162 6e1r. Ircz-~ I I / ý-ý I Ll. L -I & -'--' ____________________________ I ____________________________. ------------ % 1ý rj ' ~ It) M;3 N U. i E(r IC cr1..I ZI k '~3 0 '14 1 Zr -- - - I a 9 C 2C-r2 d/A Pý. JYZ -6~4 Aiz-s.lonc c I I I I -11-ý I Af Z i i -.. - 422zryBqTflC II 50 IAtVennzson II Chcs. Pc I oc 71. I NI. -ýi A*% ---F oy4ec -, Sh Sh ze ' I7. I 16.Z21ZZi725-eZZ Co. 777\X J--Ohn i2./2 Qchocn ZI 6~cY 600 BacZ-2ala YJo I 3~0 lies5. In2'UC IAE Poi-cicvrc, 2R0o TJfuzdtczz j RAJJF4J2D NZ P 4o cqc -' -ArTAr-n -Iqdg= - - F S460;ll 40ee 00 ýES Cona Z2Gbc -Z12Co..40 t Z2orcr zoer /1'2s Co. c Lu V '4 Kj K rsk~ Pery 722Cc 27/b. O'cz SSY.2? a 22,-Oo 1 1 r, ýInp 2 -T-j J7oh nkhs ZI 7V.ATJ. k7tau Bros. I I I irlz ffoibes 74r! r ____ ____ - 1 Z'brcZ kiter 10 K13 tt School a SGo ( B. Leaper q) 4> r vYenderscn,57 - 4lz00C 760 i.. -"-A 7Z or I' L.'CJ ____ __________ ________ I a %--e -t7 I ~ I W tI -\ 1 WN 1/atl 30 800 CSJV2e qNjo 0j mder 10 0 Cu vi K) 760>C razz Cleve tiro -' 22n C1'2?2sC sz EctlZe 1, K r S3o 3. 0,0 0 '14 Cu Z0d. U J coh-n 5072Z 07Z czteon. oZozii Ire.. U) Cu 0% KS N C n + -S Itr 1~'6ar /~6r. Co46 IC A AC. cV 3F'qVc 40,Yr[ 4') xi. Wearci Jr2 On r 0 *1" w.4gr EyV ýo v,,E(7. y;ZvI.40. t/cZves 40 67a:AUKPy. Co 220 f' 5? W. I/en dra-cirsan I'l 40 A + 675c Ar/pr A2yCef j Ferry 40 '7. foci r -4.A I 440 6a.7VWX / if 14 0 _70Y Jar, OZoyA x kioN) 'NJ sNkZ actY72 szm 40 2 C-7 Pcu1Aer4zr ( v1 Sa~ayer 11v4cdn76.-ga,OCo 4240. a - Aaý-i 4c- i ýo I "--10 Ca: A/K zi24TC0 ['Il - C -;9 N. I FY K. c&L7qj 1Z4 - Iron 4Z2znz2 F Cr zCd i 0 a k 480:!? C.X Ca, 401 JYoh 3'renciz -YO 0 V.a V 9 o k'C.272OLZZ24 4o-hzjohi77CAn Z60 nC.L.....L.A..-. C _______ I '3 '3 40 - 4"-- a a -f..-.--..--,-- - A - - A I. '-.- a ýz. I Title: Map of Township 39 N 25 W Keywords: Delta Co.; Oliver Iron Mining Co.; Wis. Land & Lumber Co.; John A. Schoen; Otto E. Schoen; Wandla Christian Sen.; Gust Olson; O. M. Olsen; Natl. Pole Co.; John Antikain; E. Oja; Ford River Co.; H. E. Leaper; J. B. Fredhette; John Correy; A. P. Hanson; Alex Servent; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; M. Perron; M. Devine; A. W. Graham; J. Mattison; F. Perron; J. Pickes; P. Gauborn; T. Wiodczyk; J. Peter Owisky; Joseph Lorenc; S. Marten; C.Wickard; M. Devine; Perronville; N. Denessen; Iron Cliffs Co.; N. Seymour; O. Seymour; M. Perron; Teophile Guindon; E. DeForge; L. Dault; Chas. Saindon; School; John Bueachamp; G. T. Werline; Nap. Brunette; A. Brunette; Ford River Lumber Co.; Otto E. Schen; Cleeremans; G. W. Earl; H. D. Page; J. Kell; T. J. Hutton; Escanaba Lumber Co.; Radford; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Res. Wm. Fillis; Minneapolis St. Paul Sault Ste. Marie R. R. R. Kirby; H. E. Leaper; Bergman & Gassman; Jos. Olive; Eustis; Mary Byrne; N. Dennison; Chas. Potvin; E. Potvin; J. W. Henderson; Viau Bros.; Mrs. O. P. Cramer; J. W. Henderson; O. J. DeShambo; Mrs. G. W. Deloughary; Jos. Morin; Siding No. 2; F. Mineau; Frank Shambeneau (Fred Rice); J. Kell; C. . Bradner; Wm. Bellefeuvil; C. E. Bradner; Wibur Lumber Co.; F. Bloom; F. Burcum; Wm. St. Onge; Sawyer Goodman Co.; Phil Labre; Nels Swanson; Kurz Bros.; Bergman & Gasman; F. Weary Jr.; Amos Hart; A. Anderson; W. D. Boyce; C. E. Bradner; Joe Auger; john French Jr.; Geo. Lemeronde; J. A. Cancleve; Ralph Viau; Vieu Bros.; W. B. Boyce; J. S. Dougherty; H. Strehl; F Lemeronde; N. Rivers; John McGee; D. Castnquay; Ed Lingren; T. Murphy; D. Castnquay; H. A. Hendrickson; Ed Johnson; Gideon Doutre; Gideon Doutre; C. Hakes; Mrs. G. W. Deloughary; ed Hakes; J. D. Schaklfordl F. Gregory; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  28 r37600] 16.63 I I 7703 125-c0 4/ 747?JM.? 45S29 s a YV'fcz~Z e ýr 7,5'-,r3c9147 9 4 3 "Clez I I DELI IA 4y 777- J6Z4 7S Ia-cTyeec.Z417-90 ZicwbJAoC 126r t Ga. I I I 7F6)ZCY Ezver I 12C I *-............L--A---r I 1' A C. Cc krC [it 704 (I N 22072072 K 6z{z v e rfrc in 27?Iz? I CcP- 2-o 17-Cc -7aY2 2-2 Y-2ýj 7J, /F[. 0,0 Cc/ota m -72eZ2.507 Y22C 10o ~Ip 5012 38.98 K V 63. I) N F) K) K1 2'Co A A ci I _40 I'll L I I. 4.=-I-,----+ - F Jý i i t "k -11ýfi4 N. % Fc.ztl N I - I ~9zerz3rCo, 4a 5/7epA.f775022 4?OC-n Z172n Zre CC.l/ 560 c/cc? 40 If 4'cver 126r. Ca- 7c #0 C t-7YC7V' iZPy Co OZIC sac 60.17 17 -t N7- Y20L-2-2&t00 _7 t21cj er2Yercfo-rk%4ZZ42a.7] Cc. o F) 5 zlimore 01Z72-2 zCo 25 ___LS1c0 40. & (,. 10 Sc __ kctac/> ~. c~cj____2/6 -4ý 7-and ýV CcL790 f-and Co.fi44o 580q 6.V D2YA2-c ________ _ _ _______ Y1 60 iJrzc K *- 760 240 -'7'1<19. X kl36o Z7oe LIN 7V'rcd Fp c~rwer srrozz 7Va/tPOcZecoc Za~.c/sC 52Z -..,-29OZ -7Y Z ccIo z 0 co6c 6c _ _ _._ _2_, k a ccC,7VC4_Z Z -75-13ccCc GlepDA 225a.Co * 12 500 IzN J~o 672? ~z/1zCo 7 9c 40 -37 Iv7 V. 7' IC J\ FO4etCo I i - ýk 75ý -i:-ý W-71. PleC /zz I ____.0N 33c t J1 mWHIT'NEY 34 64 N U K4 F) KS 0 40 (ý7/nte C/ct c ci (0 /4 tiP 12c2iC2% I [Xon 2760 LZ A - 2ch tv F N \t\ C4. 2-Zr.-c; 74 - jw_ K a i ak--It-?C -c,-" 1Dj.,4 1kcz., 10, U K K) F) C40r.t 5 t- r z5Y N7rA a z 5 ni --I. - __ - - Title: Map of Township 40 N 25 W Keywords: Delta Co.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Ford River Lbr. Co.; Oliver Iron Mining Co.; Pitts & Lake Super Lbr. Co.; Joe Wilchek; Jas. A. King; A. Stozek; I. Stephenson Co.; Frank Slomsky; M. Sloger; Korona Land Co.; Skidmore Land Co.; Jon Corry; E. W. LeRoy; W. A. Cotton et al; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; W. Mueller; Maude S. Cotton; M. K. Bessel; Isaac Stephenson Co.; Ford River; M. Waneck; Mrs. J. W. Molt; Dryads; A. Nowacki; J. B. Goodman; C. F. Ruggles; Natl. Pole Co.; School; Ten Mile Creek; W. Stachowitz; T. Frycki; Geo. Milowski; Jas. Pasmursen; Emil Dahlstrom; A. Dahlstrom; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Wis. & Mich. Land Co.; A. P. Hanson; C. R. Williams; Carl J. Sawyer; M. Perron; Western Log Co.; T. Guindon; John Fazatte; And Olson; P. Johnson; A. Lundquist; Hans Anderson; Store; Whitney; H. W. Reade; Geo. J. Lentz; D. E. Calvin (United Logging Co.); J. Pickas; G. Deoutre; H. Lavigne; Yon Lis; John Duiuaine; John Dognais; T. Graham; J. Gudski; J. Vonseivious; Maude S. Cotton (United Logging Co.); Ed Allard; G. R. Williams; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  29 e D '4 TOWNSHIP 41 N,,, RANGE 25 W. C I - t =- I OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN ý.olý 4, 1.:1 - ouaie z inunrn to ~ mite a.4.71'140.0 7 '91/ j39.64-[f t-9 123 970 oz-CZoPRczver2 7' 4L. hafc4'r2dcrz I N CO. -]Fý 4-0.17 4-0. 0.9 0.0/ 13992 4~ 'Cmo erC -4OZZ 2L lgK 4-0 39.86o 139-83 39./ 9 3-9'76' P Cr'se 4 1-,39.8S8 1 3 9.52 139.061O8r8 40 ll - - 1 -- 19,7,r t 1 i -r CO. co - 40 F A 4-0 haltze h&b~r.Cc -40 4~foore. 4-0 AlfMMCZ-sl 40 V400 40 C&J~ [ifA'yCo. 480o I 200 410 C&YJ$. 29. -Co. _AT[ci Z've I'; b26$ Go. 1 4M C.&.,7V- T-t Riy Co. l7orc ~1.27J zbcr Co. j) -L I 120.. 800o /t60 OI- &WPlyf Cc. acl&6r-40tbr0 -44 Co.Co.rb&-Co Z4-0 40Z Forde carc Ie_ _ Z____ z -0 -.Zcm~ _ Fz~ td-OlceQ> 40 CIO. co Cil0 o '__ 40No 40 40 4 400 040 Li 40 4 0 l5 Co. __ & 06rdGo fpo Ile tL'zzznez'S, Gort.*So. g. -o <CI h-0 Z&r Co Idve fI C 26cr Go Lbs. &Z-azd 90Z/.CoL. - e C n e o.Gbrfo cz '. -Ford.FtoLc d~o CoI24 40 L*z A2bel C Ll P ztti-er'do 44 OPaiit' 7-1- herCo Nzts I-and&I-rC. od.Rzeic eZC/ 20 a -~30 A-29--( 440 1200 q&Irt- aLo20 lor rm.*#zr te 4 4-0 rid0 Co. ~> -.Oli ve~r M.Ic7i I o:~~~ ~~~ týSkd 05 rir e2i t n msaa 7- z M4 Y2%k Co. co t40 Ca1 20o 1/60 C &CFa & -22ey.Pcr 1170 & Jakz-c- 7Vsdz s-c Ca-AC RyCal <2$y o. MtnzZ-zy7Ca02So 0 8a e2a ]fo. C S 4Cý to b P. 5 X4~ -A K 40.407 7 - 40 [wrarzosz. AT 111 I 40 - 8o Arait 1. olpýZe co. \40K Ya0rdC RItver, 16r Ca. 40 40 40a R0tCI2rdR)6re9 120 40 -r-- - I I it I m --- - i I ----F tioCt 0-tar 't Co. 4 40 I,;, So8 / Escotna &cc. 1-br. Co. So. fl 40 J95zn. MtzezierCo Tllin..1cete 1320.-2. Cca Cu N -A' A2?.f'czcz (sort.. ~ 36, 2,4 - E boom IF k i 12z.Co. 1320 120- -d40 RV. -Too.tlza N Jo. t0.i-c 4080. F2;o"rdceRidber C. Ja- TACPV,5 1-r o yCo. I3attoo 120 40 So.4-0 4. mzand C o. Me~z ~ Ly Co e -o 50 40 K ci to tao I leeo 40 ýz 01 - Title: Map of Township 41 N 25 W Keywords: Marquette Co.; Delta Co.; Ford River Lbr. Co.; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; Oliver Mining Co.; Holt Lbr. Co.; J. Henry; G. M. Masket; Skidmore Land Co.; Chas. Carlson; A. Moore; A. Lafvender; F. Gregory; G. M. Maskek; U. S.; J. J. Mallman; Ford River; Nat’l Pole Co.; A. Gigwere; Menominee Abs. & Land Co.; Wisconsin Land & Lumber Co.; J. & C. J. Peterson; Tocklin & Johnson; J. C. Tietz; Engstrom & Nelson; B. Keiss; A. Paulson; Holt lumber Co.; Tura Burgdahl; K. Bartosz; Escanaba Lbr. Co.; Alf. Paulson; Jos. Iuak; A. Krauser; I. Stephenson Co.; Wm. Mueller Co.; E. Olson; A. Olson; C. Erlandson; Carl J. Sawyer; Skidmroe Land Co.; Ford River Lumber Co.; J. B. Goodman Co.; Menominee Abs. & Land Co.; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  30 Scale 2 inches to 1imil.~n25 4aFdzren... Co 98-9..3-9-5 3. 95Mrs. 6 7 7 3.00 5 Y 376.5,. Ern s7Jo n6c1 Peaclz QzC&e ZSa ezi z pres 'ne fnoAr X7 Z es.0-40431LardCar w~e s01 k~~~~S.4i C aw.d Aipl yr oJh / Sckcoc' 10 80 _____ ____ ___ S 40 (30 I K0 380 _P,_Z L8o ___oilt40 go 40____ 4'~ 4nZ W. 7 Za. n5ort. A0nc 41sP-yrO~ze ~ze _o CI0_ 40S400 __ ____40._ _ __ _ __ _ zs1 0__ __ _ * 40 *4-0 0Z/ r32 4.30 5703.0 Io'h Z-21 z4 a.Be1 A c~ohwK% oh _ _ 240 ___ _ fg -Bea. __ ~40nes.V5re4800 40 Y60 o/zrA'rzet '0 HorFrankaJlJo/ S Az z zl cu0 'rhne-IZ2C, 0 P12S l F Parse Sed0n '4 * ~ iaINS t c 4b I rw 4 A Title: Map of Fract. Township 33 N 25 - 26 W Keywords: Green Bay; Henry Donaldson; Paul Fesch; N. Gilbert; Frank H. Lucas; S. C. Hayward; And. Swanson; Mrs. C. O. Anderson; E. D. Hayward; School; Geo. Jurgens; M. Poutch; Nels. Magnuson; Otto Anderson; Geo. Arnold; John Wolfenberger; Hans Christianson; Pauline Kimpel; Anton Johnson; H. Pontow; King & Hamilton; John Henes; A. Carlson; Menominee Abstact & Land Co.; Wm. St. Onge; Leonard Williams; Jenkins & Zeiser; Ernest Miller; W. A. Kimpel; S. C. Rickley; Peter Bergfeldt; A. Rich; A. S. Van Faren; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Eli Williams; Leonard Williams; Bailey & Beatty; C. M. Chase; L. Williams; Wm. Beattie; Aug. Garrops; Carl J. Johnson; Christ Drownstorf; Hugo Johnson, Res.; S. R. Van Patten; Adelbert Bailey; Church; Res. of Aug Johnson; R. Person; Nels. Peson; John E. Long; John Werberg; J. O. Berg; Otto Nelson; Knut Knutson; Edward Carlson; J. Freykland; John Larson; King & Hamilton; J. L. Johnson; John Henes; J. Seberg; Erick & john Peterson; Kimpel & Martinson; J. S. Nourse; Ruth E. Gamble; J. Martinson; E. Edquist; H. O. Alger; John A Johnson; Mrs. M. Williams; Res. of Arthur D. Williams; Mrs. Van Patten; Res. of Frank W. Hunt; And. G. Johnson; Emil Odean; J. Frgrson; Emil Odean; W. Stauber; Otto & Paul Paulson; J. Brooks; Chas. McGinley; Nat Bailey; H. Brooks; Jos. Schwab; A. Bailey; D. C. Miller; S. Myre; M. Bottkol.; King & Hamilton; E. Beyer; Aug. Kienitz; Joseph Wozenick; E. F. Bradley; James Ralkofsky; C. G. Johnson; Gust Ellinger; Frank Parsek; School; Ingallston P. O.; Louis Setunsky; E. Beyer; M. Bottkol.; Gus. Friberg; St. Johns Benevolent Society of German Roman Catholic Church; G. Hambach; S. D. Nourse; W. L. Nourse; J. B. Winkel; Robt. Beattie; Hugh Beattie Jr.; Robt. Beattle; Frank Wolfe; J. Theuerkauf; John Riely; L. Kubasick; F. Volichky; Frank Ziminski; Frank Wolfe; Louis Grabowsky; Geo. Geobows; Jul. Grobowsky; Frank Grbowsky; J. Theuerkauf; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  31 4j, ci Wral a - f - I - I - I - I - 4f& ICY TOWNSHIP 34 N#t Rj &.3 OF THE MICHIGAN MEý Cýl C) r3 7y. en Cl? 1 0 Z -7 s q h1az227aiII 5rnzz! a Z)a7 50n.5 ozz C. e zs 7a &Z A/w lpe1lzozzýTe7750-,n -96 Z. 6-- lk w tgo Z/- 6'. 's N CT&.Z7Z 7-2 IF 161ý?Z-2 4e,-:.> -Res 2ýh CZZ cc 3. efl-z-o Tz ss ----------- -Z 2 ZI2ýrn zzilz I OL J7)YZ \9 CL5 5 Zý25:Y -- 7,0h, C, 6 PVa(f-1_7-j ou Soz Z22c--Z> 4$1 ý0.70 22-Z PlI le _7 Qj ri qp 7-len es fT el-5 4V' c) Alan 'prick qnj ZZ roh. ý7 Y.,rOh.72 SOZ2 P<:Y ZZZS 0.7-Z LOOZ2- 7/ Rvý 5 Title: Map of Township 34 N 26 W Keywords: Hayward Lake; And. Johnson; Erick Sandin; Mrs. A. Garrigan; John Hultman; John Olson; Hans Olson; Erick Hanson; J. A. Johnson; Peter Paulson Est.; W. P. Johnson; Chas. Johnson; S. Gegere; R. Lewis; Louis Doveas; Christ Jenson; Menominee Abst & Land Co.; C. M. Anderson; G. A. Nichols; Res. C. H. Nichols; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; R. W. Searl; School; Chas. Hanf; Mrs. John Burch; Aaron Johnson; Mrs. John Burch; Res. E. Bursing; Peter Paulson; Res. Est. C. Paulson; Res. Herman Johnson; Aug. Swanson; Peter Sandgren; Henry Simon; Louis Breamer; F. P. Miller; A. E. Eveland; Wm. Hanf; Nelson Larson; Thos. H. Nelson; Roberta Barshaw; R. N. Seward; Jas. Maouritson; Harry Rasmuson; Miller Bros; ole Olson; Jos. Fellion; Christ Johnson; G. E. Erickson; State; N. F. Neslund; John Henes; Chas. Krautz; E. A. Barker; Henry Simon; Peter Sandgren; Louis Dobeas; Axel Hultman; Chas. Krantz; Ira Carley; J. Danielson; John Danielson; Gregory & Fitzer; Louis Peterson & John Anderson; J. Ullman; P. & A. Larson; A. F. Nordlund; A. Richardson; L. Dobeas; Gregory State; Skidmore Land Co.; F. Gregory; Louis Larson; G. Kadlec; Wm. Ponick; Ponick Bros.; Cath Debeck; Chas. Zeiser; W. A. Kimpel et al; . Kuehn; A. Peters; Anton Olson; Geo. Nelson; W. P. Johnson; School; Jos. Jenkins; W. Erick Johnson; O. S. Staaleson; Ed. Brander; Alb. Olson; Aaron Brander; Anderson & Newlin; A. W. Alexardson; Paulson & Hultman; Julius Anderson; Peter E. Erickson; Edw. Paulson; Chas. Krantz; John Gorry; Stephen Van patten; E. E. Schuette; C. B. Bird; Loren Robeck; Frank Allgeyer; Saw Mill; Albert Allgeyer; fred Rasner; Benj. Schmidt; F. Allgeyer; Frank Graf; Martin Wanske; Sieiser & Jenkins; C. Zeiser; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Wm. Kies; Herman Erdman; Johnson & Lundberg; Alf. Gustafson; Mrs. G. Grassl; Otto Grassl; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; And. Anderson; Aaron Johnson; C. B. Bird; Miller Bros.; Chas Hultman; Alex Reitineyer; L Hone; W. Dunn; John Corry; Wm. Reisner; W. C. Ulrich; Isabella Kimpel; L. Ritzenthaler; John Riley; A. Meneshack; C. Zeiser; A. E. Ostlund; Karl Highdale; O. F. Person; Peter Anderson; Hamilton & Merryman Co.; John Henes; Wm. Rasner; Paul Feich; JohnDezinski; Paul Feich; Lawrence Spitzer; Peter Spitzer Jr.; wm. Rasner; Gust Julien; Andrew Newlin; Skidmore Land Co.; C. L. Bailey; Olof Anderson; Jos. Huletle; Syvert Staaleson; John Wallin; Chas. L. Hanson; F. Allgeyer; Mrs. F. Allgeyer; G. Julien; Peninsular Land Co.; Frank Graf; Henry Klein; Peter Spitzer; Town Hall; Joseph Scherer; And Wagner; S. C. Rickley; Joseph Spitzer; Henry Klein; E. L. Burke; J. Schahzenenski; W. N. Gruen Jr.; S. C. Hayward; W. N. Gruen Sr.; Peter Spitzer; E. L. Burke; Gust. Nyquist; Clara Petermichael; Fanny L. Kingsnyder Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  32 .32 OF THE MICHIGANMERIDIAN )4'=~ 3 a ~a so1360 1140 WSt4 W a s- J-S cZ 07. L7,7 z1 I> N I 2o land_ I 2~(laSSG' 65.ttorr ~A oZS 0,22 cAts. r zzeycfl ace ~1-&22 I ~cS4 ~ -if A-V chas. 0, ~*t 4'9z2ezfzz" ~~'=zzrctc $3CZrctw/c3zd 22W - 1-'-----A--U--tr---)-t L-~ ~rcifl Csco>E -C- Davidbcraw ro I- -/- - 71 Ziareda 6oroa9i 40 F 3am aehar -b ~9O w7 l22~f 9darny I 10, ct3 ~ So K 2LZts. a3-CZcnsO~t 25t: 02-, 4F ~ ~ ' 6-, ii.- -; jr '9 *1722?. ý yeat ý IN 5'elozy 90' s/z&z2 60 cr&Zylý,tZ-2;z L7 ýZZ24 2I-Zilf.4-2C.a do 1- -st " U-. T T r / 40 Z/"Cw4ys - ynton IsA -ý10 /. '-42A ol fi'd i 5019 - Pci JYn? A -14 1-.,'~----+-----r~rr~ + Th4f P3? %o IT IF 40 Jchzz5072 -'In cN~O AV Sczwy r Good: &2200.6' ZGCa &rc2s. zYiessler On [ -40. CL CTO s - z.z952 cie Jr Chef 5i4P -Doss NogS.5l z40?r Tbrrei 2,70f. As C? 5. J2m'an ire! - csrz0t 2oz sel n t p~ ea O. ff. 0Un e ~j 400 N X7 54OZI _7 _ _ 0 _ _ _ tN0: 4~e- roA7092AYc 0 1.042014 Q 0 4 C, ( A? zY 4 /C2k r Z' Gsrr5h. 7 -Tra zz> Jo/zr> 7 2l-Zve rYt Z Vtro0 40e0go_ Z- hoeEos s z N N r irO'oý 7. CAe rr)4 -N 1 __ C 40 ((c 0 4 jQj czrt 4 7K Cz A /Z5 r -- P-Ad zt 'tr. Gs. ~ ZcW r o-se zv r- i' r tr730z 25CJ hsZ72C!)o~ so er ie POZ2 R~ 0__ -0 i-0 Eos-Z h 40 0 2 40 Co>e v rc uc % -D - F_____ ZZ____Z_.__ - qjU 401t7;72-PeereZ20-c727-2.40 / rie-(!12 K - - ýlr ___z,2,L rz - __ _ __ _ _ _ tnq? tczt iz'p C 5 022 IN rN Ks) oilo 4K ICa13 as c~ee ~ 0 CT-C t/or Peter;y -YOM.3. r cr/,7V7V n Ole Eu.Ceder. 7-20 ~ e rje2 C 40 _7 2kY.i _ __ _ _ 0010 4 anc720re arSOZ t1~2zz7/% 'Deniez U) 02" (I) - - p c/zn40 0 N 40-7?9221 so -7 22. ZYo a.5 IC 10 Py'er Fete 80 _______________ ________________ ___________________________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ _________________ _______________ _______________ ________________ ________________ ________________ 4 0 _______________ Zkjyte ~ @4 nte rscn 40 @5,-P 5 -C 2267CC 40 F'z Deea iZ'N iteasoýrfl 40 I 4 46' Cnc7 96) rc~m +Acn 700 ~ 40 r Ole ~cc-zslDcj eats 40 - -. So I ý I -in -.OV I I I AW 1ý AW I. ff i AW 1 -4 1:; -c-tM, 467~ Aj R. p --fl l -1 $nder Sort Soand 7~Fz n t z2ar4z 40 -IT/iSAt 90 Pe.5. Co71 -700 ~ k~ &4idmCor 27 U) czjte 6/79z507 C.tan rey.V b,r - vohSoil 5$) J'o S5 --loer 76.z5o172 40 47d-o Cal rWaw 1 1 i Rep! ", I I $.ZI2cS eats.121o 402 a Chs&coZ,759c barnis l:d!go o I qT Z7,Z_ -i F c Z-- I Isrd I 47/c.cca Z P- c) __________________________________________ ~ -: Title: Map of Township 35 N 26 W Keywords: Mud Lake; liberty Lake; Thos. Leaveck; Wm. Leaveck; Phil Halvorson; Ole Johnson; Ole Morgan; Even Anderson; Andrew Anderson; H. & G. Foley; School; F. Torder; Napoleon Robert; Jos. Disotel; J. B. Neville; Jul. Bushonoille; Mrs. L. Vandervest; Jul Kuntze; Wm.Lacomb; Jas. Kessler; John Olson; Oscar Ahola; Wm. Leaveck; F.O. Nelson; Emil Johnson; John N. Moberg; G. Jupstrom; Jos. Lamar; Victor Dellisse; John Moberg; Felix Liberty; M. Erieman; Henry Chaltry; Jos. Neville; John Bushonville; E. Thoune; Joseph Thoune; A. Halverson; Arthur DeCamp; Gus. Ringstrand; L. M. Belonge; R. L. Nordgren; Louis Wagner; Joe Johnvin; Jas. Kessler; D. R. Landsborough; Landsbrough & Kessler; Anton Frisque Jr.; Jos. Frisque Sr.; John B. Chartre; M. VanCourt; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Jos. Chattry Sr.; F. Gregory; Chas. Duffrin; M. Frieman; Peter Cheltrey; School; Oscar Samuelson; Joe Johnvin; D. R. Landsborough; Moses Pocane; L. Vandertinden; G. Gongain; F. Adams; jennie Brusso; D. Ossigorl; L. E. Weng & Son; Jos. Pocane; Chas. C. Durou; H. Regner; Adolph Durow; S. Crawford & Sons; Sawyer Goodman Co.; Alb. Johnson; P. R. Johnson; J. S. Johnson; John Blomquist; Mrs. D. Nieu; Peter LaPoint; M. Rasmussen; Albert Swanson; Chas. Swanson; Perrizo & Son; H. & G. Foley; C. Colpin; W. Londres Cheese Factory; Albert Tickler; L. Gobert; Felx Weary; School; Hugh Phillips; Lhote Bros.; C. Brown; C. & G. Peterson; John Shepeard; Geo. Simor; C. Fraid; Peter Peterson; thos. Phillips; Peter Forsberg; A. Borgstraand; Henry Landree; John Peirson; Cheese factory; And. Berstrom; P. L. Taansberg; Gust. Anderson; Peter A. Johnson; Mrs. O. B. Blomstrom; G. A. Danstrom; Raymond Pratt; Chas. E. Thorpe; Frank Lucier; John Rivard; Susan Dailey; Thos Lajoe; C. Colpin; L. gobert; M. Freiman; F. Corroy; Jule Bushonville; A. Thone; M. Freiman; Paul Brauillard; Carl Carlson; John Lucier; J. S. Johnson; Pail demille; Daniel Corray; Jos. Chaltry Jr.; F. Weary; Menominee River Brew. Co.; John Olson; Jas. Parrott; Peter A. Johnson; L. P. Peterson; Hus Anderson; Anna Russell; John Parrett; A. Caldie; E. Parrott; Crawford & Sonds; N. Orley; Mary Safstron; A. E. Baker; W. B. Winter; Carl Johnson; Louis Damstrom; Pescat Herbert; Frank Hilmer; Joe Duffrin; Swilzer & Martin; Jos. Chaltry Jr.; C. S. Nevers; Clarence Bloomquis; Paul Demille; W. E. Nellis; Gust Nelson; Ed. Wells Est.; Joe & Peter Dufferin; John Corry; Mary Safstrom; C. Hendrickson; Thos. Hendrickson; gust. Peterson; Hannah Tobin; Allen Corey; Homer G. Corey; J. Carpenter; F. Gregory; R. Hanson; Frank Peters; J. Johnson; Jos. Gegere; Louis Dobeas; R. N. Seward; Jas. Mouruson; A. E. Barker; Chas. Anderson; E. J. Nyberg; L. Dobeas; O. Anderson; L. A. Johnson; Gust Johnson; Louis Filion Jr.; Lauerman Bros. Co.; J. B. Sack; Isaac Anderson; Chas. Thorpe; John Peirson; Church; Cemetery; Carl Jacobson; H. Gulbranson; Erick Solander; H. Gulbranson; E. Solander; John Johnson Lofgren; Victor Carlson; Peter Peterson; O. P. Shelinder; John Solander; Chas. Krouse; Louis Dobeas; J. Jacobson; Edw. Bergquist; N.F. Naslund; Anton Larso; Lewis N. Larson; N. E. Tjornberg; Chas. E. Anderson; Peter Vecander; M. Gulbronson; Victor Carlson; J. W. Jacobson; Peter Forssberg; Anna DeVire; John E. Forssberg; Richard Hollsten; Louis Dobeas; Nick Orley; A. Orley; And. Bystrom; L. M. Bergquist; John Hendrickson; Carl College; Ole Johnson; Richard Holten; Skidmore Land Co.; E. E. Grimmer et al; A. Bystrom; N. Orley; Herman Dahl; Alf. Pariett; F. Carlson; E. G. Sedergreen; S. Crawford & Sons; Nyberg & Bystrom; A. E. Barker; Larson & Vicander; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; F. Gregory; Gus. Peterson; Hyber & Bystrom; H. Phillips’ P. Vicander; J. Lofgren; Gus Larson; M. Vallencourt; F. Engberg; P. H. Geist; Louis Larson; Sedergreen Goslin; E. J. Nyberg; Old Johnson; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  33 1**, - -. 'r -r "." " z-c-' -- ',T "g <.-' .'- -"r jr'r'rtr '*' -*- * '* * '4 9 * 9 9 9. -. 9 f I q>, ~ eKl;lt";,[ I ROS 33 - 'Al C 'C K' -i-- - fl -4--- KQ 2 t4 -7 _____________ _____ __ =-l t--j I - I -T- I - 17 1 1 a I TO NSHIP.36 N., RANGE 26 W# I - I - I - I - I - -1 - I - I - f - I - 177 -7- 1 ---r-- ýTmlm- 7. OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN SQ " TZ I a 9; 'Im rb 1-. " ",4 4-,-ý 1 vvNl'l--ý ounle z 111ciaeS To I Mile 771C7-:7 ý6 10 Trrý7..-1 r- -ý-ý - -. ttTOS 143.CSj4242 i' 71r4.6!Z92kO~ - N - Jo s. t]Z' Cu,fnaIZne 11-C1 Ct:f Z -4- e ms4.-IJ t/&381 -e_-f0 3arcx~szpA \7cS.I 12? 4/it Z,7l -7 i., 77) itt.:7r -OZZzz?C C Y 32S. -A L -L I - I. I f I ra - - 4 --N-pr. 1 '*'c VK 0 1- WN -4 - i hi A * 4 en *, * 4 * 4 YI '0.1 Wk'rzoz2uz2ez VE2SSk'a? V2czz2c/ (Al '2 iRs A 40 -1 - I 7r Is, ZPe a C/EzT -Z20 -11 1 ---1. ---- - --.. I 0 N CO N ft 0 U c-T ''7 0,7c 5.02 tI 2226? SOA 0rc Act v vc!l2Cai> I cm K rFt I QJ q~jK Ltri - 4Son_7 IWO son p4. 9 2: 5'7147s6gf&-reIfara I i I pt tL{2$ - 2.,Ye IandsJcz ~9c -6; SawAlYC zz'9) >9? -19 0 0 _____--4+ A, I i 1 1 71 -/Y $022 Z180-W NO QJ bZ 1\ ~'azi V7 &tC22czz02 jdo, RI C) Ni 40C) t-~~~---~ j ____ ____ 32-21 _______0_.jZ-2____ INT TRef.W 14i% 40 0 -'0~~7 o f A ~A2~2}v2rfl fo- ja~zz 17'r?v- ~ zdZ)72 czoh2 0 40 ____ ___ ___7111_ _22 '41 i Yoy 40 - Zn '. s. -? z z iew Y&OweJ 80 40) 2'hz- 225 cc rsn.fPYZIWoc/20~2i er C ___ _ _ 6) 0 f0 0 --Res., 80 U 5, 0)4K NiQ -Ya __440C(K 2-0__ __ _ _ ____ _ _ __ __ _7 __40N_ TO _............[....C.........P.91500rt1rZ~ _________________ ________ ____ ________________ ___________Z27___ _______ ________ _______ YY2'ay 40 BZ'~te46 coyc Y'zrn a 1212 c757207i2 f'zer2zfzoaSos ~~~ S 44s 4 ____, 70 22080So 4 ___ r ___ 72_ N~t 1f7 2Z. I,5 Eal,7c Purl 737 7-64$;t~lr qilZLft2772 80 40 -- i&)z. ttn j 1. r~0 ~ - Ko sf&'& K2~/-rc C~~~~iS~:: 6-are i-7Z a ao-c5lpC)~ %A2C3, -, C.K t-f50-ZJ son 3 Ca7-2a-2aZ- 27ScC)Z-t 6t--.2. IrazZ tz 3Crw r -Z -9' (p TiI '0/22 >coo -~ats~ K2722 2..~s Sar lýe Y6)4Iý 0o40. 40 '9 ~142- &?,5 - C-Z, F/4, r)trný_/Ca ~~ý Oz-e nnc4%71ete %KC F n sc or %r John j ~ ~ ~~Z 507 aa'C::2 no Vie 2 UA zc50:5z~ C - C 2224 7O2 sord tz it _~_n- A CZ2 S/n K Z2r s-c>7 ecK 7/ir ar- f~rzn -250 - kte-ti e~lZ/- ýt 50Fe. 71 -2jSo 40 9 4 40 K'15- ine 40 0 _ ___1 4 -10 B-A'. 9029ct2,olnq~ 'NZuyI76-0 jXaccczSons9.- lY Fw Si6 Iii, my-. + I >.41 1 IPJý I I ý3E211- I'll m v *ým ý ý, ý 11 ý 1: ý! ý: ý -RTFýý A i:t=*, Title: Map of Township 26 N 26 W Keywords: Mrs. C. Liebman; Wm. Morusau; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; O. P. Adams; J. Longrie; P. R. Johnson; Green Bay; N. Nelson; D. Pinchette; H. Maurus; C. Matson; Wm. Thompson John Corry; Perrizo & Sons; Marvin E. Liebman; Otto Engel Chas Koenig; Kessler & Landsborough; S. Mitchell; J. S. Gittins; Chas. W. Cavanaugh; A. Kayser; Lauerman Bros. Otto Dill; M. Freibeg; John Corry; H. Lucke; A. G. Lucke; Anton Keninger; Jos. Huening; S. Mitchell; J. S. Gittins; E. L. Burke; L. E. Weng & Sons; W. Duncan; M. Frieberg; S. Crawford & Sons; Kessler & Landsborough; Saw Mill; John Friberg; Joe Davis; John Fellner; R. F. Lucke; Chas. Jodin Est.; Mrs. Otto Estberg; N. Nelson; Otto Hall; F. Gregory; Wm. Bartell; E. L. Burke; John Sjoberg; Aug. Bartell Est.; P. R. Johnson; C. E. Turner; E. Sinisalo; F. Ahola; H. Routsalanew; J. E. Turner; P. L. Wagberg; Julius Hoglund; E. J. Lindstrom; M. Jacobson; Bank of Stephenson; Aug. Rusanen; Perrizo & Sons; C. G. Walton; Robert Sunilla; Paul Perrizo Jr.; Anton Ihander; E. Wayeynen; Robert Sunilla; P. E. Lindstrom; Jesse E. Turner; Chas. E. Turner; R. Nordgren; A. Carson; C.Sanderline R. Nordgren; M. Freiberg; E. Klalt; Oakwood; Cheese Factory; H. Lucke; A. Klatt; John Friberg; Land & Abst. Co. Green Bay; J. Waltoner; Jas. Kessler; Cyrus Wilson; Felix Gadda; A. Nurmi; Elmer Sinisalo; S. Hill; H. Kilpie; Talbot Lumber Co.; John Lampenen; R. Plutchak; Louis Frank; Wm. Kent; School; Lauerman Bros. Co.; J. Waltonen; Aug. Bartell Est.; Chas. Corbey; A. Hanson; S. Johnson Est.; A. Lindquist; J. T. Turnval; John Westerback; A. G. Swanson; A. Swanson; M. Jacobson; Alex Mattson; Carl Nylund; Samuelson & Trodahl; Mary K. Revall; Mrs. F. Lindstrom; Gust Erickson; A. Wester; P. E. Sundstrom; M. Jacobson; E. Carlson; H. Tjernlund; S. Johnson; Olaf Olson; G. P. Grundstrom; Conrad Ekman; John Ekman; Mrs. J. Liddy; G. A. Thornberg; A. Sandeline; H. Nye; John Carlson; D. Moberg; G. Jupstrom; Mrs. P. E. Sundeline; Perrizo & Sons; W. Bruno; Wilfred Demille; John Ahlskog; E. Vincent; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Mary J. Revall; Carl Nylund; Mrs. F. Lindstrom; Samuelson & Trodahl; Wm. Kent; Clement & Louis Vincent; P. Nasmund; F. Gregory; John Corry; L. E. Weng; H. Marquette; J. Johnson; Leveak Bros.; M. Freiberg; George Estabrook; Fr. Grenyer; E. Nilson; Lucinda Vandernest; E. Nelson; Christian L. Stern; Mrs. J. Liddy; Kessler & Landbarough; H. Nye; Peninsular Land CO.; O. Nordgren; Robert Bruce Smith; G. W. Knapp (U. Bauer); A. Laycock; Paul Perrizo Jr.; Chas. C. Durow; Adolph Durow; N. Valley; Kessler & Johnson; Oscar Forsberg; Carl Carlson; Axel Nordin; E. Nelson; G. Ringstrand; G. Matzke; D. R. Landsborough; H. Kilpie; J. D. Donovan; Chris Brandt; M. Close; Gregory & Fetzer; W. Wilson; M. Monagle; Abe Valve; E. Disotal; G. Matske; A. Perrizo & Sons Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  34 v %or 4' g5k' 0, I J A!s I ýj 1101 Irv ZD-- G-9 N I IL L- t--. u TOWNSH.IP67 1ý OF. THE MICR Ilb. OP - lie; 175 k7 41P- 4ýý Z-Z s Za Z-1 6-=' yo 67 T2 Z- U07 All /Z/(? 5430z-z 40 or oi 'lllg Z 6. f7 cTO-h 27 -E-z., 7167(dyCT- Z,7 Is -A o &.5 le rl" ý " IN Yo OV 14) Q) 'go `2 7 Qj 02-2 Z-y IQ ZC,7 ý c -11ýcyllýey- 5ý 40 Z ZZ 7-2 S Qýý Aýý120_727Z0 NJ tN ý,q Z7e(C Title: Map of Township 37 N 26 W Keywords: Nadeau; Jos. Richards; Nadeau Bros.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Barney Nadeau Jr.; Victor Collins; Napoleon Perras; Thos Piche; Laura Gouthier; Eli Dupont; Pete Lamprecht; Nels Laura Dubie; Sam Piche; Peter Benson; Fred Holmer; Church’ C. Barquist; Jule Thiry; Oscar Olson; C. Kelly; Frank Johnson; School; And. Casperson; John Anderson; Chas. Baxter; Commercial Bank; Martin Christensen; Gustave Oleson; C. Kelly; Chas. Hasted; Peter Lamprecht; Eli Dupont; Henry Marcie; Cornilius Drossart; E. Trombley; Geo. Larche; John Page Sr.; E. Trombley; J. Page Jr.; S. A. Blish; F. Rouse; J. Fisher; Mrs. C. Sipsher; L. Essler; J. watt; F. Gregory; Dan Greenwood; Geo. Larche; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; I. C. Heyd; Alb. Rouse; G. T. Werline; Exvier; Gibour; D. Minard; Peter Laveau; F. Rousseaif; Victor Collins; Napoleon Perras; James Johnson; M. Sorenson; Menominee Abst & Land Co.; S. R. Simpson; M. Mattord; Vic. Mattord; Jos. Allard; Frank Rouse; Ed Michaud; Frank Webber; Wm. Allard; Menominee River Brewing Co.; F. D. Legaut; Joseph DeRosie; School; A. Beaudo; E. M. Erickson; L. Counard; E. P. Erickson; F. Michaud; Jacob J. Martinek; James Merrell; N. De Rosier; Joseph Roy; Joseph King; B. Possenault; S. Crawford & Sons; Paul Perrizo; James Merrel; Eugene Merrel; Louis Kuenzel; L. Dessart; H. Link; Frank Rouse; Geo. Le Gault; Hugh Ray; R. Goulder; A. Fox; Joseph G. Pavlat; A. Merrell; G. T. Werline; Bank of Stephenson; B. Possenault; Jacob J. Martinek; L. Counard; H. Link; Carney; Joseph Dreze; Andrie Senecal; Mose & Angeline Christian; J. & E. Fish; John Fish; Jos. Trepania; Telesphore Gauthier; Elis Hanson; G. T. Werline; Sena Larson; Knute; A. Gronmark; Chas hultgren; R. T. Estabrook; John B. Junion; H. Ritter; Jul Duquaine; A. G. Nelson; Eli Eriksen; Chas. Swanberg; A. Guslafson; Aug. Hammer; Henry Nelson; Ed Erickson; Mrs. J. F. Olson; John Peterson; Sam Sorenson; Swan Johnson; Wm. Rouse; Cemetery; Anton Anderson; Peter Sorenson; Lizzie Garrigan; Church; J. Fish; G. Westerberg; Peter Grant; Alfred N. Peterson; Lewis Christian; Jul. Dumas; E. Derusha; Aug. Jean; O. Perra; Nelson Christia; Hubert Perra; Jens. Sorenson; Peter Pouport; John L. Larson; Chas. Lund; M. Charlier; Vic Dessart; F. S. Rice; L. Torder; Maximilien Molle; Mrs. J. F. Olson; Ed Erickson; John Peterson; Erick Hammerberg; C. J. Erickson; Gus. Olson; J. G. Olson; School; John Westerdahl; H. Gustafson; S. Crawford & Sons; Aug. Johnson; J. Lindstrom; Alfred Peterson; Thos. Rice; Isaac Peterson; Gust Mellen; Gus. Bistan; Jule Barra; M. Charlier; O. Veraghen; Al. Garrigan; L. Dessart; Peter Pouport; Gust. Mellen; Gus. Bistan; J. Lindstrom; Felix Charlier; L. veraghen; Jos. Veezer; John Pavlot; J. Root; F. Vesser; Erick Hammerberg; Emil Gustafson; Anton Anderson; D. A. Goulder; Mark Powers; W. J. Earley; Louis Gunville; L. Schuera; H. Wachler; Chas. Koening est.; Fannie May; Kessler & Landsborough; Jos. Hering; School; Hy. Burt; Nancy Dory; Pen. Land Co.; C. E. Guard; Fred Kraul; O. Koenig; Nels. Waldo; Erik Lundousit; Anderson & Swanson; Hy. Burt; Wm. Burt; John Ferron; J. Vadestein; Nels Jacobson; Frank Koenig; H. Wachler; H. H. Marks; Pete Mocco; A. Hanson; A. W. Lindstrom; M. Gustafson; E. P. Craney; Commercial Bank of Menominee; Swan Krohn; L. J. Le Veque; J. L. Newberry; Rasmus Olson; Nels Waldo; Jos. Heuring; Peninsular Land Co.; Silas Mitchel; Peter Garrigan; Kessler & Landborough; S. Crawford & Sons; Eliz Hansen; G. A. Guard; A. M. Anderson; Peter Frederickson; M. Charlier; Emil Gustafson; J. Hammerberg; Alfred Hansen; Nels Nelson; E. Sorenson; J. E. Jacobson; Erik Akren; Axel Nordgren; Leonard Anderson; N. J. Nelson; Bengt Peterson; A. W. Lindall; Nels Anderson; E. Erickson; Jos. Heuring; Mrs. K. A. Gronmark; C. E. Erickson; Henry Nelson; Gust Hammerberg; Alfred Hansen; Emil Gustafson; J. Hemmerberg; Peter Frederockson; Walter Anderson; Anron Anderson; David Schattuck; Halvor Gustafson; Mrs. K. A. Gronmark; Walter Anderson; Axel Gustafson; A. E. & E. Quensberg; L. Nadeau; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  35 35! 0,---4 CD --.. I en,,' ~ ~~~ ~Z 72,7z "J0. -3,913 7 Z- 7-72 V3,,,, ~ ~ " Z77-e.j._m .-~/G. 7-9 77. I I.41 I ---1"1-- I: I 4 - -.. I I I - J- ýd -ow.r-% t 76-)_Z? _o a 14 V4 00 4 zz - ý, I % tS5 40.. m I--- ',ý, - 410 CE! LuZ7 I C:;Z?,-7 'aa@ =. -a oz - AlZ ' 2 ~.@o I-- -r --- 1 1 71 x ýr CO. dD -4 - ZI,.l Cý i,XZZi, h1717-' 7V.-{ N,, 4 e I '112 (3,;r5 dO I 7...4r il -eaz?-72A -Alzuzv. ý 40 11, 7.5o40 -'-ý.: ~ý L -6 z z. iZ1... Njc~ e, z -2Z-o-oz 0 4, z Z"2-< --2 z -z z Z/ e /r-011) fio,2. Z t t.,..4?Q) Lo , c r, C- --z_ - f:2,+o.<oII, b r z co2n aC.7- I I ~ _-- X,722 40 --5 , 'i e'. 1,,- I I --,,. 0 W. CT G CE! )_j. 7,lzz 77,f,_s.,.. -,I/ ro el. ___,. ~,.," u;.._., fq L'z'.>: -<_-):e5/ez S oz-?_40 AZ2 TNZ2a.5r~22 711,g- Zc. L -- <O ze r /././4 o..e-,-.4-F 640 0 "-z CT - v / I..,, z e,-- ".i,7":" 7lý5er ' _Z? Z'05C rZ. 0 F i - a - = q m ý IF it. r j/ Tz27 42n 7-1 < RrllZ - l~C9 a:74 I 127,.. lOZ sI,,Z e So FrzecZ Z/O I- - 1101ý7.7270,6e-, 'I CI..!!Pro i --- - -- - - i - I -ý-F i - - -t -11-Ir Z2: 6 Z/2 nZ,T ca,_ ~ P. Ay C A, 1, Z40zi ze, f441, I I-7 M -, flSto. recýA -r I?7 iVol -yo ---I ý,owyo,.,l l l l ' I I" -.- " ". --!.-..-141"..1 1,_ ri. / I i. w -r--% ob 0 A IF - -r-I ---T Z.- I e-72 SOZZ 46 F7. szz +, o7a hr, s 0 Z 2'2 Cc oy0 I "=r C--. I m i R loý,4j L2.1 -ý C'70 l4".a 'x!,6 /r-.711 -". oke -.2_ <.c S.L~e. z ýýX.j77.c,-7 ýIyeier 61. Ie'V. w...z, a-.40.A I I #' 200. ze__o Title: Map of Township 38 N 26 W Keywords: Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie R. R.; Oliver Iron Mining Co. Leo. Scholtz; Gust. Johnson; P. Schulz; Aaron Olson; J. Sanderson; A. Wendt; Spalding; School; Geo. Grau; A. Johnson; Peter Rosenberg; C. Grau; Menominee River Brewing Co.; A, Gigure; Wilfred Murray; Joe Liberty; Ed Murray; Alb. Perry; Frank St. John; Dan Reopell; Jas. Paquette; Sam Brazeau; George Joutras; C. Poupor; Thos Brison; Chicago Northwestern R. R.; M. Kinsella; Mrs. George Hanson; Henry Hansen; J. Hubbard; T. Martell; C. Martell; Nick Peterson; Joseph Better; Jas. Jazne; X. Passenonlt; Noel Nault; Joe A. Thoune; Victor Liberty; N. Peterson; C. Poupor; T. Labre; Archie Cote; Wm. Kell; Wm. Smyth; T. Corrigan; Tom McNeely; School; E. LaCross; H. Hansen; M. Fretman; Hugh Bagley; Mrs. Well; w. J. Francis; Geo. Brisbin; John Bagley; Church; Cemetery; Wm. Kell Jr.; Geo Kell; Napoleon LaBonty; Fred Perry; Achie Cote; P. Paquette; Wm. Perry; Victor Liberty; Noel Nault; Alex Osborne; G. T. Werline; Land & Abst Co Green Bay; Joe A. Thoune; G. T. Werline; Frank Burcum; Cedar River; Gideon Grondine; E. St. Onge; Ed Lemay; A. J. Pipkorn; V. LaCount; Tom Finnerty; J. A. Tanguay; Joe Ducharne; E. Allard; School; N. LaCount; Paul Morreau; A. J. Pipkorn; Ed Lemay; Ed. Bellmore; B. Wheeler; H. Rasmussen; J. Jorgenson; M.J. Finnerty; J. B. Goodman; Powers; H. B. Lawrence; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; L. Porton; John Cory; Alex Bounty; Carl Grapel; C. Sorenson; Wm. Frazer; Joe Langardnade; Narcice Leblanc; E. Bell; Jerry Ducharme; Thos. Plaisance; John Montpas; Fred E. Smith; A. montpas; Wm. Reed; P. Robinson; J. Lonsky; X. Labre & Sons; C. Thompson; S. Crawford & sons; Jas. Gunville; B. Weenek; C. Conradson; A. Henrickson; R. Olson; Geo. Christiansen; Fred Junion; peter Junion; Jens Peter Jensen; C. F. Bradner; John Page; Peter Jacobsen; Wm. Cory; Phil Arnold; Leisen & Henes Brew Co.; Joseph Veeser; J. H. Doberstein; Gus Enfield; C. L. Johnson; Kurz Bros.; R, S, Raymond; Jas. Corrigan; W. J. Smyth; G. R. Kell; Louis Lai; C. Thompson; J. Grondine; Jas. Gunville; B. Weenek; C. Murray; N. Peterson; J. P. Gooman Co.; Geo Boyd; Mrs. R. Foster; M. Mo Calvet; J. G. Kell; H. H. Little; A. J. Pipkorn; Geo. Joutran; E. Bellmer; Peter hweeler; Emil Berquist; John H. Carlson; Martin Peterson; C. Berquist; Louis Johnson; Herman eckberg; S. Brandt; T. Thorbjornson; A. Brandt; D. Morreau; O. Lafond; D. Morron; I. Stephenson Co.; F. E. Smith; O. LeBoeff; G. T. Werline; L. Doepre; D. Morron; R. Archambaul; E. Dishneau; Gilbert Savoie; Ed Dishneau; Dave Shorkey; John Sova; Marlin Christensen; Commercial Bank of Menominee; Jno. Page; Peter Fish; ed. Fish; Chas. Johnson; A. Sipchen; Joe Tanguay; Kloman; Wm. O’Neal; I. Sterling; School; Fred Sova; Menominee Land Co.; Wis. Land & Lumber Co.; James Machie; Phil Russeau; G. laBelle; Wm. Corry; Pumpelly brooks Land Co.; P. Arnold; Louis Bouchard; Ed Bouchard; Ed Dishnaw; A. Sipchen; Joe Weber; J. Ullman; A. P. Johnson; John Franzel; M. Schollz; Peter Robinson; Geo. N. Seely; P. Arnold; H. Linck; A. Sipchen; Wm. J. O’Neil; L Page; H. Nolde; Anton Weber; G. T. Werline; Isac Erickson; T. Dirkmann; henry Nolde; School; Joseph Veeser; Wm. Corry; Peter Lamm; C. Arnold; Wm. Fazer; Frank Knope; Thomas Cory; H. Nolde; Brennon Bros.; Herman Plantz; Mrs. A. Kleiman; Herman Kleiman; Phil Ruzzeau; G. LaBelle; Isak Erickson Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  36 36 CII sass sr~z 3c&~ NJ r~ ~ ~ gf2f Ax 2/we c Zjtoz2 0=ý-l 6- --Z -3'3 4 Fez?u, 'r 7zzeo~z~y 36 rc 40 Zi,3&6-S6'S&13rG33-7 Z I '~1z2 z2 / L --5-. z. 3 sae 3~t 33. rCISa.a3 I I 0/c vex-' Iron.2./t27? [725? Cc I I.7kc tt L I o2 - ~Z1/2z-~ my Co Afl L Co0 0 0 ~ 3K I- 7Z Z,;tZo2Orej pot7 q. Co. L-Z -6o r -) K2? ass75.Co 16.2 15- 61<D eC-S 7iZVz-?Z7-z~ Co.. k2 727 Co. Rvra Erde - 2 C.20 Vis~~t 1.9 ___ ___~`.103 Iolkzr 2 o leyorte Sc? 0 727 q Zo41 OZCc/J-)30e, 1% _____ _______ _______ ___ 1 V Z5G<;~. zZ., c T CAA" C CA*c CaC) 40 ar i-r/m y o - IL0 AZq.oJ *1red 22 Z-2OliverýD 2zrrczcj CZ _210.C;_j-o a7 c, 0776 25 - 2 o ~/Zzzn ~ 4 2ý7 6l123 ý jj 5 e 0 I 62/c verliton I ~ yCo. __ 1<91 iK <~OJ 4.0 O var Ion 222 rape cite CC P C 777?,E z 14" 46) r Joe 90~ 'l~Z 2. L4r'oI 0 CU c -ZC6 &~vez< -'k/i 12 )C2 0~ a-, t3f0 L. U LRNHAIAj -40 ~ 7 - 260 vi ri~eo..h'cn 5027 n flý _____ -~t~z~i aF Vk-r Alpý IRE iv a p 4-- ca Zo Cca tz100,722 200 I 440 lcr~ I N I Lzn &fl I L 40 IL - -I- - - - - fdfVl ---4 ý-- I z. 3v -- - i r i - a I X046 I ol?2Z07 jJcJ OC. -1 i ---F ego 2' 272 -e;1 *- elI 4~ 40 PZ 2Zr Z I I I F- - 0J loý 4. *' 4 4 4 4 4 4 91 4 * 4 4 4 Title: Map of Township 39 N 26 W Keywords: Oliver Mining Co.; Fred Paulson; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Skidmore Land Co.; Peninsular Iron Mining; C. Poupore; A. J. Pipkorn; Natl. Pole Co.; E. C. Best; F. Ziehm; J. Russell; G. T. Werline; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; J. Murphy; John Murphy; Cedar River Land Co.; C. E. Bradner; Ed Murray; Wilfred Murray; F. Ziehm; A. Allard; Jerry Murray; M. J. Finnerty; R. & G. C. Prince; J. Hortho; Percy Owen; C. & Geo. Grau; J. F. Nieman; John Henes; Paul Perkel; Erick Sax; Ovide Dubois; C. Lorenson; L. Walker; J. B. Goodman; A. Gigure; F. Novack; E. P. Radford; Aug. Nilsen; Able Depaute; J. C. Tietz; H. P. Hansen; Gaspard Rivert; R. Arsanault; J. Tremblay; Thos. Kell; D. McIntyre; Otto Maas; T. Bloom; Addie Maas; Theo. Hanson; School; Mrs. E. Maas; Farnham; Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie R. R.; J. C. Tietz; H. P. Hansen; A. E. Maas; Aug. Severson; J. Gagnon; John Hanson, Cedar River Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  37 3.7 56. 77 I.65 4775/ cz 01 06 FFPOY P~ IN~ 5/.24473077 62.63 6377 5336 62 5~'- 36 36 Sf43 --4-----; I co cf~c4tzc# Yc 4 verT 90- rt-.0 661e6 - ý5-2 - 83 1 SR. 15-0 5-2- 36 I &cntel -'-'7 5'ez /eA --L- 4wl--,lc:;K4004, - I 1\1 L I 4 U1NUS S -40 Mcrt. ZYezde/c 40 <9K 5~> dcl 5 00 I6 S.Q4--sSa0-2 ForTIMgorer I el cd "7i?.os 49.gTri.47.03 '4-443 I I I I I I I I I 31~ rz tray (Jo +-y Och. - Ctt di 0^ C 400 ý Co C ,cflCoflcta ro o: e~oo coc -4-0 40 - 80o 4040 Co. Z, P,e 400 So 776 ZZ. Z- on Afe_ 1600 271? Go ___ _Co. N~~4 1 24. ~-1y4,o& 0 1-1020 Mr Cc ZY~~~cC~ O r.C~ Soo -4-40 307rd-Fr-27ite Y20or LQ ILAPAA'C4 1I cAD Z-0 d-__ LIZ-WArCIAL 2ziZ; sObeý&erfr2on3~cizcizy.6Gc. 21V N0 44 572c2-7-. P6CO. Ca -I-Z 14-0 4-0.40 --so7Z 60 Fetn 6Z27 Coze 40 j irs C/4e \40 M'ibn cm; Co el-zý (500 35 15-60 co - A 1Pole Cc 4-0 00 Vi er f-ri ba/ oc> 200 4-0 s zzz laI 0T 4C -. - 1. ____________________ - I, - -'.5 Title: Map of Township 40 N 26 W Keywords: Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Ford River Lbr. Co.; Oliver Iron Mining Co.; J. B. Goodman; J. C. Tietz; J. Langan; F. Palms; N. Peterson; Corioran; L. LaBranche; C. Zastrow & F. Sandermann; Corcoran; J. Schaut; B. D. Stebins; I. Konkel; School; F. W. Santerman; John Tagge; Mat. Bezdek; G. LaBranche; Skidmore Land Co.; Louis Labranche; Deo. Rivers; Menominee Abs. & Land Co.; Ignatz Madalinski; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; School; Labranche; F. Sobezak; J. C. Tietz; F. Palms; Albany Pool (Ltd.); X. Labre & Son; N. Peterson; Bergman & Gassman; E. LaBranche; Nat’l Pole CO.; Henry Hanson; C. F. Ruggles; J. Welch; F. Paulson; Peninsular Mining Co.; Peninsular iron Mining Co.; Cedar River Land Co.; L. A. Jennings; J. B. Goodman Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  38 G 40 3 40 - I-" 3.8 4 4 * 4 IJhooýý", L Scale 2 inches to 1 mile JATA-RQUE TTD _ 13.~ 134 Y. 7atfsz413. 70 413-111~ 4 E czzc61: Co. ".93 A2~rc1 Zikoer 22br Cc 7Z.~oz IA r -o--,- -3.0 7r.c o 7:.3957..5 3-9.ý50 c 4t M2l'z?orm7 Z':7ee-,96si az = - - - -. - - ft AL- -. 39.-9 23. 94 i yj T1Co. I I C 0?C i &C. KyKF$~ CazXWJZy Co rae Z-Ocrc? hb&-r _7o.4 ---- &.-, - I I 1.1 - -ýfiff -.. i co. ~N ~Ih qJJ 2CC \Q.) *4~ 9) 9.) isp;./27 ~ bc 56r Co I /~ZczUzE i -stZ~ /yts-2.C chAr? 40 'j~./, 0/ri erZ".ron ~7/2zyn5 Cc. ~90 t7bhzz k~nes 4:0 L7-_ 7_ran2 K 9) NJ K (3m Ky [k/nor rJr. 5~-0.40. 40.730 7/cit.26r. Cc. 4o I a F - I P,~r~o 7z~hy a 1510 ~~7? 4'9Z2S5 80 N I 5 I z i K K K K,727 ocZr 40,716r. Co. 40,V- I = ý R twit 5./lanot ~ 6'C -F J--ohnz 40 -T 71'k &anc? 9Lbr Ca. 4c.,ZO7/citj &2Zr. FA r cz V/?I ve 45.-ca 40 $J2Zzc2 1Znee2 en~ozn-~ in-zeeC, RanccR: X2 C 40 - I 0.o 4> xrT2_2 e -r 00 407Z? c ttUL) N o 4 'vnerC. 7. hz FZcrdziccr -crc?2. 7V,7, RI~r~c. ~ tve <X'pr7C 160 2224 -Zc Riei J. % B rt ' z9 ssf r.1C2o'~ 4,0rrc III.K I 5,-rZ 62 11.12 7- CO l _rr %1r91t,__ r o %2Z JcC 33 r 6 LCo.404401/22A przc,722 r5 40 ---r53 -znhe ~ ordRivn~in. &~ ~-/Id ondRff'cr7 n Z Icr2 2o Cc- qo _ _ _ 7 _ _ V 0V d7Q Ca40 cizd 1 44:0 11222..er.Co. 2--ob.,Pi,ýeoref 2.1Z71222d~ StCoWeol r r C~cQcrrulk for,To 725? 'Lzm,.Z Cc) Co. J~iS. and ZC I-l-s. C K K 0~ C C 3 C lip. 4P k <zc~rT~U n 1 2<trctpben~&r Co.JOc.La A~zz~irz~5..A~7rZ2Z-y Cnan [7.z a o q3yj-6z--oc&Jwenljrcno -7m e EazdsJhn Cc &"Lhn Co- an an cer ttnt 2,9Cc ~ K is. f~rs~act;. fl7carc 4W cj < 7:72OZe Y. fir 22e -2a,72 Z1022.40 1 Iz?.FZ2 4:! 77 -do 2 - Title: Map of Township 41 N 26 W Keywords: Marquette Co.; Dickinson Co.; E. P. Radford; Kimberly Iron Co.; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Skidmore Land Co.; Ford River Lbr. Co.; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; Oliver Mining Co.; John Henes; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; J. A. McGuire; Holt Lbr. Co.; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; A. Manard; N. J. O’Donnell; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Helps; L. & G. LaBranche; T. Greenwood; Holt Lumber Co.; Kimberly Iron Co.; A. L. Robinson; J. F. Sherman Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  39 PLA T T-ED ASPSHI T.y 65 N IX2,P Sc&Le- 300 f:I1.tnch -V Lo Yis 9gefrof.z~&z f.9I F't d. ( 7 tL1L.t -Y76 WKoe~3r2 ~,kV/L /A M )Z6 & Z 19 i/bI rLL4Lj_ _ _ _, g(97 I-o4 d4 '9-9/JO A I/C. AK Ao rCAeste,56-r CO. j 3~z29? 07 i4n~201 4ZC.OO GLIqc -I ~ ~/ 1AP 6-3Id) au T. c373 N.-t 26 W, JcalZe - SOftz Zin C4.12 11 IN THE NAt ~74 CF IN./W14 SEC. 56. 7T. 36 -IV.1R. Z8 [14 Scale 300 -ftl.-iY 5zzn J'Vsco02sn grz dMichtyZnfa2?44 GO wElt A VE CuI~ Z II I I IINV DUTTON /v;7' 5,50366 VC 60 LI I fri TWP. 35 2Nd?. 27 It Scale- 800 /Yzlzin. C, If m AYi 77cr.S..... I/C Carleu ft K U 1 *11 ij j)CARp L -4 -66 0 A so o]67!D1 a W-772Z 0~ 5 It M,.7 K-B P2rPobea. K (5 2? 2? Q) S K (4) I I ri2~.0. ij 1 n, QJ K) 0 *1 K C91 A 6 I >Zl / 1. ro5euzs:122 (2 I I -I i - -t----L Title: Koss, Nadeau, Ingalls and Swanson 35 N 28 W Keywords: Louis Dobeas; Original Town; Frank Erdlitz; N. Ludington; W. Kobessen, et al; Menominee River; Coleman Ave.; Wisconsin & Michigan R. R.; Williams Ave.; Kinsman Ave.; P. O.; Depot; Faithorn Ave.; School Lot; N. Ludington Co.; C. H. Worchester Co.; Harrison Ave.; Nothern Supply; Nadeau Bros.; Aug. Jean.; J. St. Aubin; St. Bruno Church; L. Mattard; Barney Nadeau, Jr.; Joe Nadeau; Saw Mill; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; S. J. Mathers; Creamery; Depot; Main St.; Cedar St.; School; A. Senecal; Hall; Nadeau Home Club; Mrs. G. Michau; E. Caron; J. Bunker; Secton Corner; Cemetery; O. Pinche; J. Poquette; O. Perras; Maxim Corron; F. Soucher; H. L. Lowenstein; Planing Mill; E. Mallard; . E. Piche; Mrs. J. Fish; S. J. Matheys; D. Matheys; Joe Servias; E. Faille; J. St. Aubin; Wisonsin & Michigan Ry.; School; Layfield Ave.; Dutton Ave.; Baxter St.; Harrison St.; Ed Rogge; Post Office & General Store; Burhland Bros.; Depot; Gowen Ave.; Mill Pond; Ira Carley; L. Dobeas; P. LaPoint; Mrs. E. McGiligan; G. Kraff; Little Cedar River; L. Dobeas; Cedar St.; Farmenter St.; Store; F. Goulder; Geo. Srock; Carley St.; West R. R. St.; East R. R. St.; Co-operative Creamery; A. G. Rose; Mrs. Inson; Church; Hall; Prospect St.; J. Board; Hotel; H. Pauleon; Wm. Deacon; T. Deacon; Mrs. Tobin; M. Tobin; Depot; Geo. Benjamin; Saw Mill Note: Platted as Fisher

Page  40-41 40 BOU. Z-- d-O 40ý 6z-ec 80 OZ40 60 0 Rz elcýe- C. 4-0 WQ 0. 4-0 *0 ve CYZ see Oj CA A, 'L/ z nyz r*z ZO rz X.T a.9 es,701 0 d.772 6Z ZZ TZ CO 4-0 Co. Qj Jren 0 Z70e IHI- z eo ý0& 2M QJ Cjr. 67 -Blahn Z' CO I M-tls, -70 so, Title: Map of Fract. Township 31 - 32 N 26 - 28 W Keywords: Menominee River; State of Wisconsin; Green Bay; N. Ludington Co.; S. Hirsch; Amos Payan; M. Nourgoie; School; N. O. Dybric; Dave Chassee; Chas Doubek; Fred Plockakman; J. B. Goodman; Olive Chassee; Jas. Kveton; P. Servatius; J. B. Goodman Co.; Jos. Nemetz; John McLamore; Fred W. Salewsky; M. O. Dybric; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Christopherson & Bmundson; C. Christenson; John Schuts; A. Johnson; Gunder Johnson; Martin Olson; Chas Everson; S. Myre; Steve Lamansky; And. Oakland; Christ Peterson; Christopher son & Amundson; Albert Leitzke; Jacob Hafner; Halvor Petersen; J. E. Nelligan; School; A. Nelsen; Geo. Riley; Jacob Hafner; C. I. Cook; Herman Keil; Fred Kohrt; John Riely; F. & A. Hackeman; Aug. Hackeman; Martin Krause; Geo. Garbell; J. E. Nelligan; Madsen Bros.; Mantei; Albert Bazert; Albert Hackman; fred Herman; Town Hall; Emma Chaitz; Cheese Factory; W. Pflanzer; Birch Creek; Chicago Northwestern R. R.; S. Madsen; Maple Leaf Dairy Farm; Rasmus Sorensen; J. B. Gallenberper; M. Sporver; A. Petersen; P Larson; Geo. Pfanenkuch; L. Buelteman; Andrew Kobiak; Leisen; Ed. Buelteman; H. McBride; Frank Kahl; A. Spies; F. Beak; Chas. Rittich; Peter Raesser; T. G. Beaucock; Frank Raser; Chas Springer; Mrs. C. Springer; Otto Frenzer; Frank Rittich; R. Rittich; E. J. Brady; Ferdinand Tanguay; John Parsek; Crille Tanguay; Maple Ridge Farm; Julius Theuerkauf; W. Stuber; H. bade; Peter Kass; Frank Vojcihoski; Emil Kickbush; B. Kollmann; Louis Hansen; Peter Hansen; B. Albert; Frank Pavlik; Louis Casson; Val. Gasta; Sam. Pfotenouer; F. Lavendoroski; Chas. Hansen; M. Sporrer; John Rolfkofsky; Peter Kasmarck; Wm. Polaski; Martin Wozniak; John Wozniak; Peter Kasmarc; Aug. Johnson; Menominee River boom Co.; Grimmer Land Co.; Rudolph Hruska (J. G. Blahnik); R. Hansen; J. B. Goodman Co.; Wm. Holmes; Chas. Hafner; Adolph Rudginsky; Aug. Krie; Lorns Berggren; Rasmus Jorgensen; Jacob Berggren; E. Geniesse; Emil Hickett; Wm. Heckel; Malinette & Menominee Light & Traction Co.; Julius Erdmann; Ray Greenwood; Mrs. M. Greenwood; Orchard Lawn; F. Michealis; E. Geniesse; Jens Peterson; Jessie E. Howland & Glen C. Smith; Jac. Ritz; Adolph Salewsky; A. Solper; Wm. Solper; Joseph LaValliere; N. Demaree; A. Amundson; Wm. Korth; J. Leisen; Henry Walter; A. W. Blom; Wm. Korth; A. Zeratzki; R. Mulholland; Sawyer & Goodman Co.; Pleasant Valley Farms; Rasmus Jorgensen; Jacob Berggren; Mrs. J. Geniesse; Louis Gilbert; Martin Krause; Ed. Saleqsky; Ferdinand Schilawski; Jas Morgan; Summit Farm; Ed. Salewski; Little River; A. Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; Blesh & Daniels; A. W. Blom; Jas. Jenkins; P. A. Waher; Paul Paul; Mrs. A. Polzo; E. Freis; H. F. Sieman; Cornelius Ahearn; Peninsular Land Co.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; J. Monfert; H. F. Sieman; W. A. Kimpel; Victor Delforse; F. Bucholtz; Blish & Donnell; Peterson; A. Mathey; F. C. Nowack; Juttner Point; A. A. Juttner; Leopold Rammonat; Chas. Barnowski; J. B. Goffin; Kate Jamison; Peter Schneider; School; Jas. Maihaufer; C. B. Rank; Peter Lentz; A. Simmer; Frank Herdler; Ed Engebous; Berth Berg; Pat Siehr; Louis Johnson; Nels Oleson; Van Schaick; Ludington Wells; Fred Johnson; N. L. Mosher; John Rotzall; Drain; Alb Holup; J. E. Anderson; Ludington Wells & Can Schaick; Henry Spencer & John Riely; Hannah Dunning; Victor Delfosse; F. C. Nowack; Frank Horrick; John Rudginski; John Schutzke; G. I. Cook; Emil Zeratzki; Wm. Korth; A. Pinkall; Isaac Stephenson; Magian Nelsn; P. Gorman; W. Snell; Peter Wheaton; Minnie Gosline; Samuel Fraser; Edith Harrison; Menominee River Brg. Co.; Leisen & Henes Brg. Co.; Pine Hill Farml Cox & Roper; Nels Larson; Brown & Blesh; Frank Walonder; C. H. Crawford; S. M. Stephenson; And. Gram; Menominee; Fair Grounds; H. A. Brown; Andy Samberg; A. Spies; A. C. Schwartz; Menominee L. & I. Co.; John Henes; John Henes City Park; Riverside Cemetery; Marinette & Menominee Light & Trction Co.; P. S.; Wm. Holmes; A. L. Senff; S. N. Stephenson; Menominee River Boom Company; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  [unnumbered]

Page  42 ccl 49 I INI - -1 -2f '4Zpl-flZ 'I I C'7I Q) 6' Nir N L j NL7-0 ~ft~%0; ~j~% nilq Zia U c22Ziý 0 V -r. I amp N Nt ~ h ff1) ~ K> N (F) H 4 K) zzow w:fllL OK [7 K Li 0 0'~ N t Pt 0 N 0 06' 0 K 1) ~t:g 7 I-- --. --I call &- f:11 ---4 - -1 2y z < -To 729L ~'%~Q~A2jZzzr Va oF 0 F (1 K4 N 0 N 1% ot~ U I.6' 4! - -1 - - z.---i oF p~ -% 0. ~ N $4 --I I 0 a 2'i icZ~~v N K) >0 0 N4 0 C'J Nj Kqj~ Q3 i I 7- 2 06~jI p, [___ 0' "-A co i. QQtoo \4Ktceur# &A 't % I~ %% ~?L%7N 0It*%ZZ0 ~ zc ~ ~ ~,os~ & oO( ~ NV%0 zzy- Y~K I oF- ~ ~ I ~I (f~ C6 06 ~J-1t1Sc to 7226p72 YoN 01 00 ~0% ( ~' 2Z0S62t9ng -4 ~ Pt___ 4_ NO ~n N~NO 4AJ ýJ 19i it. c~~oKu K?ý $'< ' &SWSZZ~f PZ27e __ P ' > __VN2/ 2rrcv ~o o6'\ ~NkI Ke>&c, (j00 Nc 14 N4r 0~o' 2 StZ Z........g\.. -- l\8Z(0 Q E;MA2 %.201.72 Q 0 Ko 2-7 2Y KNT T T~ j tr5 N I K ~ o S ~ 90 P *-&i k ____________ __________ -r r _____114Z__ 9 1,% ___---q__ ~~ ___ YOcv~x __ __ __~j d"0 y 0) Cent&2Z *ot-I2f272 ~~' 2- ~c0 0- -Y2 NOO I Kr z 472?%2;gt); I 1~ ~ jr-cn -7vo;Y96z?2rj~ C2 9 0Zc 77r C rF''Crz6'C-!5C__y_ __ - tqst2 V'If LYgd I >~ v c'cv~~r. ~ '~y0<~o -24,CZ7V2-27e ( r _ o_ ___ ----------Q S ci~i "&'gLOY6"U zz y C2Lp0Q7' < '0~9 NJ ] u7 _ _ _ _ NJ - -'t4-'m \v (26 Q 1o lbk.............. I c'TT~ Title: Map of Fract. Township 33 N 27 - 28 W Keywords: State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; Mud Lake; Peter Kosewski; E. L. Burke; Brown Milckeson Co.; A. Thousegnat; N. Ludington Co.; A. L. Sawyer; M. Eland; J. Lacong; C. Pillion; J. Raynier; John LaFountain; Peter Flynn; Ed. Laluzerne; John Shemidt; A. Blanchard; T. Valcq; Joseph Rocheleau; Fank Gagnou; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Wm. Kornick; John Ledvina; Frank Delcipay; Little River Farm; Joseph Hnilicka; L. Kjalberg; School; Fred Jignac; J. B Goodman; H. L. Sawyer; A/ A/ Juttner; Nels. J. Herrild; Geo. Blitz; Chris Hansen; A. Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; C. Hanson; Hans. Hanson A. L. Sawyer; Louis Bierman; Henry Olson; G. M. Smith; John Starrs; H. A. Vennama; Fred W. Wagner; Peter Wagner; A. C. Holm; H. A. Vennma; S. C. Hayward; A. Hultgren; J. W. Kelt; Jas. Gauley; W. H. Goulet; W. J. Kelly; Carbondale; C. M. Hansen; School; And. Wagner; August Wagner; Leonard Kraus; Albert Mall; Wm. H. Gauley; Kath Bink; J. F. Reinemann; V. Stede; J. W. Osborn; John Hajdera; James B. Rickinson; R. F. Goodman; john W. Kinka; Chris Knutson; Peder Jensen; Chris Clausen; Joseph Bauer; Rebecca Steede; Mary Naslund; A. Schwartz; Eugene Boutott; E. L. Burke; Jos. Plemel; Chas. Nordquist; V. J. Lamack; W. Tousegnat; Joe Rucinki; F. Vavra; J. Coral; R. A. Walker; C. & N. W. Ry.; Alf. Abear; Jos. DaPine; John Kilander; M. Orschihowski; Joe Rucinski; Joe Mukrut; Church; geo. Mainzak; Alet Stuvizek; Frank Martin; john Schachczinski; J. G. Blahnik; Leisen; M. Taferick; Arcene Tousegnow; Jos. Havelka; J. J. Martinek; M. Swobade; Chris Madson; John C. Anderson; J. Roubel; Albert Boland; Emil Mancl; L. P. Nelson; Louis Noha; Nels Olsen; Peter Christensen; J. B. Goodman Co.; Mike Rotter; Mary Naslund; Leisen Est.; Sam Watson; P. A. Laren; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Chas Myers; P. M. Helgren; John Starrs; A. Coto; Elmbrook Dairy Farm; Gustav Theuerkauf; Otto W. C. Schwartz; Ernst Miller; Maggie M. Hamilton; W. Sieman; Aug. Koehn; John Danielson; Axel Carlson; Mike Humm; Max Menacher; Hans. Erickson; Jos. Neunes; Hansen; Jacob Nappenberg; Jos. Schober; F. Steberl; And. Pointek; Bernard Kmieciak; F. Linsmeier; J. Liesen Est.; J. C. Lund; Carl Schmidt; O. Nelson; Jos. Schober; E. J. Brady; J. A. Knudson; Nels. Swanson; Stanley Kmieciak; Mud Lake; P. C. Servahus; George Ostrangor; Joe Rudzinski; Peter Tynerowitz; John Ostrangar; S. Forbes; Frank Sagshasky; M. Bertsch; A. Niezgaski; Geo. Bauer; Tille Niezgaski; M. J. Ostrenga; M. Ostrangor; John Winter; J. Taraski; Martin Skowronski; Joe Schechczinska; Peninsular Land Co.; Henry Hafner; Gasper Nigski; M. Kozienski; F. Sobak; Jul. Kozekowski; Arcen Tousegnow; C. I. Cook; N. Ludington Co.; Henry Lafleur; Nine Mile Farm; School; F. Root et al; C. Spoerer; Robt. Rick; Geo. Rotter; Herman Koeenig; Peter Linsmaier; F. Steberl; W. Fflanzer; Little River; Chas. Nagler; E. Nickbush; Albert Hackman; F. & A. Hackman; E. Hackman; Jos. Bayerl; W. Pflanzer; Jakob Bayerl; henry Bade; Alois Weber; John Berglund; Chas. Berglund; Chas. Bayerl; Max Menecher; Sol Frost; Mrs. Gillenstan; Godfred Gruska; W. Olander; C. G. Quist; Andrew Lindquist; F. Steberl; Barton & Hayler; Mike Kass; Cemetery; Peter Kass; Emil Kickbush; F. D. Sieman; H. M. Sieman; Anton Harten; Henry Krumbier; Fred Roper; Jens Hanson; Jos. Weinfort; Thomas F. Heitzmann; Chas. Hoffman; Jacob Hoffman; F. W. Berg; J. Lund; C. Johnson; Henry Dickman; Hens. Jenson; Geo. Krystof; H. Price; Wm. Harter; Nick Kass; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  43 t~jZ XZ!Q/p7Q/ c tý E02,4Z 01, I 0cýft rt -tHZ4~N ~ 8c t 4 Lb> * <K> t{~%U) inj___ _ t ___ LsN K) (NN __ _ _ ~0N~Iriyrn~ih491~vJ 9-S NN $~ 1' ~HLNJ ' -4 A JLJ~~~ScQj > K (N n4' _ HJ<~(& _ _ 73 SC? Kj0Q A is L.t Ky 'Vs N rN N 37 Q oN.' VT' (C>z (it.1 --ova Oý U~ N NQ VtA ~ I ~~' NN NýI KN) \Q' -tm--#c 0696-, ______ 41 -~ XX \ <~ ~*~ 1NlC~7-2N n' 4) v~ >Kx~o ~ Nt K z~~ 4r 4t Er4 0 0 Title: Map of Fract. Township 34 N 27 W Keywords: State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; Ingalls; Grand Rapids; Menominee & Marinette Light & Traction Co.; E. L. Burke; J. Parrett; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Hugh Kerans; C. W. Schuette; D. Charlbois; Peninsular Land Co.; N. Ludington Co.; J. Champu; Oscar Johnson; E. E. Schuette; J. P. Oland; Nels. Anderson; Frank Nelson; Alex Larson; J. Roper; F. Blaw; Otto Larson; Oscar Swanson; Emil Peterson; M. Svenningson; Aug. Nelson; Aug. Krantz; Sam Anderson; J. E. Larson; H. Oleson; Ole Korth; Chas. Friedman; John Wall; F. O. Engstrom; Thos. Collins; Peter Dunville; R. D. Lewis; L. Dobeas; John Lewitz; Orin wall; F. Schaffer; W. S. Marrow; Otto Larson; Frank Larson; L. Dobeas; A. G. Rose; School; John Lewitz; L. Dobeas; Little Cedar River; E. E. Burke; Wm. Conln; B. Corcoran; Otto Bromund; M. Hanlon; Mrs. J. Kearns; hugh Kearns; J. Parret; Wm. Morris; G. Lloyd; Thos. Collins; Peter Dunville; John Chossack; ira Carley; J. J. Lindberg; Al. Lindberg; Chas. Friedman; M. Swenningson; And. Peterson; J. E. Larson; J. F. Anderson; Church; Aaron Johnson; P. J. Nelson; Sam Anderson; Oscar Johnson; Geo. Launder; Jos. Larson; Theo. Wallenschlaeger; J. A. Winberg; Alf. Nelson; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; E. E. Schuette; Wm. Johnson; H. G. Schuette; G. M. Smith; Anton Tappo; Jos. Servia; J. H. Haulotte; H. B. Gagnou; Wallace P. O. & Sta.; H. Hanson; G. M. Smith; Aaron Brander; N. Brandner; Gust Larson; nels. Westman; John Engstrom; E. Gustafson; Peter Johnson; Ole Olon; Mrs. B. Anderson; Ande P. Hugiah; A. & K. Olson; Jos. Haulotte; C. W. Volk; Ella Beechner; S. L. Church; H. G. Schutte; Store; Church; A. Wineberg; L. Dobeas; Louis Krantz; N. G. Anderson; Mrs. J. Burch; Peter Johnson; J. B. Anderson; And. Anderson; G. A. Johnson; Gust. Swanson (Jul. Anderson); Mrs. G. Anderson; E. F. Larson; Hans. Oleson; Anton Olson; arid Peterson; Little river; John Holm; Jul. Anderson; Chas. Johnson; W. G. Johnson; Aug. Lund; Ole Kallquist; Ed. Lundgren; Alex Hakanson; Chas. G. Ostrom; Jake Hoide; Town hall; Louis Krantz; Peter Kosewsky; E. L. Burke; Jos. Ranier; M. Johnson; Joseph Cornohorsky; School; Mrs. C. Harter; A. Primeout; Peter Kosewski; River Boom Co.; R. Fiecko; J. A. Larson; Jos. Petach; G. M. Smith & Ella Beechner; A. G. Erickson; Olaf Larson; Jonas Blomquist; H. Gunderson; G. W. Longhurst; Fred Schuette; Fred Zeckle; Chas. Gustafson; Peter Eichner; Mrs. C. Carlson; Jonas Blomquist; O. Olson; Mrs. C. Larson; C. F. Carlson; S. Haulotte; Ross J. Kelley; Chas. Burt; Frank Mekash; Ross. J. Kelley; Mrs. P. Kelley; Chas. Forsberg; G. Eldrich; W. Tappa; C. W. Volk; C. H. Prust; Aaron Brander; Jos. Haulotte; N. E. Anderson; Church; A. Olson; Nils Westman; A. E. Ostlund; Mrs. A. Oleson; Anderson & Newlin; J. E. Johnson; And Newlin; Charles B. Myers; Nels. Johnson; Gust. Julin; C. W. Schuette; Otto Anderson; John Nordcholm; O. P. Newlin; G. L. Johnson; Daniel Anderson; Jos. Pohler; Wm. Phillips; H. A. Vennama; Mrs. Johana Swanson; Jos. Pohler; A. Anderson; N. L. Holm; Emil Newlin; And. Newlin; Jos. Pohler; Jos. Sherwick; Hamilton & Merryman; Math Whitman; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  44 ' * * * * * * * _ ~ *. * *~ M c 0 ' F T E M mC I A ' M R p A N ""t-,^ ^ 44,^ ^*Sal nhst 1ml ^ S IS I ^^F-7l^-T^'"^;fl^~~~~~~/-7-^7-F- ^^ -^ -~~t^ fsaC& P^ ewJssJ ^ *S.- _f^ ^.U, co.. |S Hgi Sar^-.^^S^O^^ Sro-/ ^ ~ 0 W^fZ.7rz l.w ',kr S r Hy I v vo' 35 N^^,^^~s ^ Se^y^Zw-s ^,3e * -r,61.39 77 3,9.,5-.3 9.35^Z &* 137 J9, -3r 7",s C. -ýi 46-7V- ^ 7?(7,,, ^ f~I T' -- C-^ ^ * ^. -- --- f^ C^ - W-.L: ^ s 3K~ ^^ 0,^g~ ^ ~?tc ^ ^ rC. 3C II 111 ^sC.^ M \^jr~ drS^NI^ ^ ^^K^0^^S T^ 2G nZ am& /S 88~ ~~OZ.Z Z227. CZ )YZL '7-2eV^\^ T ^^I ^-J| ^4^j^^' 1(11 ~Vl 5 O- 64E- ýO Z2 S '-'8e Rros.r 1-90-n D a sn 0 '^ ^ >. - ^ ^^ ^ ~ I? 0. R- R ife~~~ ~~~~~~ eo cz VS-7 / 5' S J S g" kio er___1 M IS~~~~~~~zz ra1^- -Nz- ch-^^Ml ^ < 7 * ^ -n SB ~ ~ i tv -5- 02- -^ L5012^A ^^ ^ ^ F ~ ^ c e -^ ' ^Ac | SS~ 011W 0 Z70'51 Sea~ 101-h s~ 5- Z7.a z.fe^ l T^^-I ill zr.^ - ^~3-,o6de- - -- P6>ct-~ f ^^ ^^ ^ ^Zi * z -^ Z/1?d1> No iiýý2 II~~ ~~ ~ 11:1r^ _:_ <~ < " " "Bg..-;!,^_J.IZ^: S^ " -^o,^ ^ _'i ^ ^^T. 72L Cý S. ^ _ ^ ^ ^^* g j _ K.O, - ^ -^^ 1 -^ - ^ 'mm ~^- "W ^s = ^^ ^~ ^^^^jz.- N^ ^f~w.^(3^^y -^.v. ^ ^^"vu-i^t m %^ ^ *5 7^ ^j * ^ ^^ ^ ^/ ^7^^~~~.0 - ^ v ^"^_i g o ^ <? 1? ^. - i~A-,^^7-r^ ^TI J ^ ^y u y ^T~n~m Z~nri T'C JW J * Tr-nr Re502"2^ r % ^^^^~^ Ri r^ }^^^c ^^i ^- ^^r^ -f-^^Nm MW_2 ^^ ^j^^ /-"S^ ^ V ^^^ 7- -- ------- '5 ~^~^^^ <^5 ^ ^J ii~~~~ ~~~.7a"^^,~^^ z y0 f-^-^ "*-^'^'^g g ^4 1 I'i ~r- s^^^ -^3^^,;t S.4 ^iJ ^.r^S 1^^ ^ ^ dp 'R7 c7/^ ^Sf 04ý^c 0^.exnaj ki ^j3yTcCa-~.y\^"^* _*^^ ^^ " CTze | SB ^^^M *~2 -5 a <a rff- ' o3''e^ ^ ^ ^ \-7\Jr^^5c^; zze2 ^ S~ Wlll^^^: '^fr'^ac? ^.g ().*ST a^^^^i^ ^^ ^^-~ Title: Map of Township 35 N 27 W Keywords: John Gustafson; W. Broberg; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Jos. Kwiatkwski; E. L. Burke; P. R. Johnson; W. B. Winter; C. O. Carlson; Adolph Petchky; L. T. Cederquist; Mrs. J. Brabrandt; A. G. Larson; Peninsular Land Co.; Jos. Brabrandt; Otto Sundstrom; Sigurd Anderson; Mrs. Axel Carlson; C. M. Carlson; Church; Gust. Broberg; Wm. Broberg; C. Sand; D. J. Ernest; Seanor Anderson; Herman Pearson; John Nick; Ed. Clark; C. Gustafson; John Sundberg; F. D. Crane; Mrs. J. A. Johnson; Church; Cemetery; Eric Anderson; F. Grantz; John Sundberg; Nels Linderoth; C. O. Carlson; Paul Bendig; Jacob Thoney; L. Desjarlais; Jos. Sherry; C. G. Carlson; Herman Pearson; C. Nordstrom; N. Clark; John Woods; A. Clark; C. & N. W. Ry.; J. W. Tripp; Ed. Clark; C. A. Braberg; Wm. Goodfellow; Burklund Bros.; Mrs. J. A. Johnson; N. Ludington Co.; Oscar Erickson; Elmer & Robert Palmer; Nels. Linderoth; Chas. Shog; Wm. H. palmer; E. L. Haager; N. Thoney; Weng & Son; Chas. Skog; H. Donaldson; Jacob Thoney; Frank Johnson; John Newman; L. C. Ames; Frank Lewis; Clark Bros.; Chas. Hallberg; Gus. Hallberg; Fred Rabain; H. Wurtzel; Chas. Lacomb; Peter J. Anderson; Geo. Lacomb; Moses Raboin; Robert Larson; W. G. oakes; Alex Irwin; Robert Larson; John Ellison; Paul Perizo & Sons; Ed. Pairon; School; R. Foxworthy; Robert Larson; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Daggett; A. Brule; Ed. Plutchak; John Dunham; H. B. ward; Jas. Kesler; Adolph Thoney; H. Olive; C. Mattson; Chas. Lindell; F. X. Vincent; Alick Halvorson; H. O. Hall; Clark Bros.; Ed. Anderson; H. Sorenson; Ever Anderson; And. Anderson; H. O. Hall; Ole Johnson; Church; E. J. Norlin; Louis Sandberg; Axel Sundberg; C. G. Anderson; Peter Nelson; Edward Sawbridge; Peter Larson; Even Anderson; Emil Sawall; Louis Oohen; Jos. Demarsh; C. F. Nelson; E. England; H. Olive; Fred Duval; Ed. Plutchek; N. Ludington Co.; Peninsular Land. Co.; T. Scott; Thos & Louis Larson; Ira Carley; C. L. Temple; Aug. Johnson; John Bergman; malvina Neville; Ole Johnson; J. B. Goodman Co.; Louis Neville; W. P. Kezar; E. L. Burke; Al. Broock; J. B. Neville; Margt. Stavekin; John Phillips; John Marcuson; School; Geo. Schultz; John Gardner; A. Gardner; A. Colborn; Nels. Kuande; Adolph Turcott; Jos. Foley; Martin Szamaglick; P. Corned Jr.; Hay Creek; C. W. Temple; N. Bowers; Wm. Palmer; H. Hant; N. Bowers; R. Wossner; Chas. Tombes; Geo. Estabrook; Mrs. Alex Gerue; Jas. Gerue; F. Gregory; W. P. keazar; John Leaveck; Has. Tombes; M. Leaveck; Oak Ridge Dairy Farm; Frank G. Erickson; Peter Gosselin; Aug. Feldt; Chris Hanson; Ida Nowack; Victor Dekane; Mrs. M. C. Monegal; Stephenson; N. Bowers; M. Semes; And. Johnson; And. Turnell; D. Bouretta; C. S. Hart; J. Blfviend; O. Gustafson; Pool; Newbery; Chris Hanson; Math Peterson; Peter Anna; Aug. Anderson; Aug. Anderson; Hans. Fried; W. F. Donaldson; F. Lortie; J. W. Loomis; Chas. G. Swanson; Emil Johnson; Chas. Donaldson; Emil Johnson; W. J. Oberdorffer; Adolph Johnson & Son; Mrs. C. Palmquist; Chas. Sawall; C. Blomquist; John Blomquist; Chas. Nelson; John Oslund; J. Ullman; Mrs. O. Basten’ Emil Johnson (Ed. Knutson); N. Burke; John Hebert; Ed. Perrizo; S. Goula; Fathert Sarth; Fred Lundgapel; John Hebert; W. Londree; Grange Hall; Saml. Olson; Joel Bergstom; Hiram Warner; Church; M. Rasmuss; Soren Rasmussen; Christ Henriksen; Wm. Friott; T. Burke; A. Temple; Em. Elder; Jas. T. Colwell; Mrs. O. Bastien; State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; Island; N. Rasmussen; John Fredrikson; John Bergman; Ludington, Wells & Can Schaick Co.; E. L. Burke; Fred Nadeau; W. B. Winters; Jas. Johnvin; E. J. Brock; G. W. Haager; Menominee & Marinette Light & Traction Co.; Peter Shampo; W. Leycock; Jos. Turcatte; John Phillips; Peter Comea; Ed Arcade; G. B. Richardson; F. Gregory; Peter Beaudwin; John Phillips; Peter Cornea Jr.; Adrain Demille; Jos. Neville; C. Christenson; Fred Gardiner; Wm. Kent; Chas. G. Sawnson; G. Burt; H. G. Schutte; (M. Freiman); O. Tetro; Alex Reitmeyer; O. Boyden; Geo. Carley; L. Dobeas; Martin Blocks; Frank hood; Frank Comea; Louis Lafave; May Luke; Michl. Semes (And. Johnson); L. Dobeas; Philomene Girard; Henry Wilmore; E. Strehlau; F. R. Buchholz; Mill Pond; Emil Waugren; E. J. Brock; Carpenter Cook Co.; B. Hubbard; Jos. Demille; John Nordell; Saw Mill; Ingalls; Chichago & Northwestern R. R.; Ben Appleby; Hiram hubbard; W. G. Estabrook; S. L. Evrard; And. Sandberg; Wm. Doyle Sr.; Mathew Doyle; Jos. Foley; john Fellion; Louis Fellion; School; Wm. Deacon; Chas. Grece; Alex Relicmoyer; C. Haams; Old Hansen; Swaning Swaningson; Chris Hansen; Henry Hansen; Feliz Carpenter; Emil Wangerin; John Moritz; A. Dam; Aug. wangerin; C. S. Nevers; Rudolph Sabattes; Allen Corey; E. Sawbridge; Moss Landree; Homer C. Corey; John McPhail; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  45 tv, '?-z V zzz C? c? 2 /,7 ZZ. 2.2 0--Z 700 qj qj '7 09 a c'O Z2 7-Z 0.,P2 0,;ýr O-Al' ZW CIO L-Z 2:"..; r,,2PZ-rZ29-Y g9ZY 17/ 4t 09 z? 02 2 2 z2g-%. P.. O-P IV 0-1p rýZZZ2ýf 11-M 075, At A:zg -17 nq -1 i. i Pý I I '\ OC9 )--12 7---) 2-Z a a C-Z (:g 5ý Z22 0 14/" OCY bzza LIN Av'i L/77 Z-Z c2L ZZ C. Y; -4k 0i; ZZ I I I I I - I -k I - ýZN IF In I-Q z Iz L Z 1ý6 '11-j T -v-v I ý I. I 1 -11 N I I ýqj -. ---, I r- 5 --Oqtn 1 r... - I? I -," P4=1 A k4 - 1ý1 1 --1%9 1, -1 w 1 1 1 A E:% I - i i 1 -1 41 1 i =4 i -. I E:3;:i t4z OR I IL -F Cýp Q6 CV, rr m NCR t t ýi hF-- 1 4 a 1 -1 %. --r 4 09171W oz 71-Zt-Z OC9 sý,rarnay -.Gý022yl il. - 't V kN Z5-.Zzoý aý yo Zzr J L -L -L -x ýkv i, ýh 1 -1 ý 1 097 ZZZ2 zzzhýlza zz 0771.2 LLZ VL71 NN A - -. m.. rig 'a U,7,Z,-Z c9M LZI. ll-ý I V--x - I xx - I I - -I I a xx 1 14 C7 2 sq; Zc?92ZZ2-217 ý-j ý2 0 9,? VZZ ý'w I 09 1 m I -Vffiý 1%; 14 ZZ019Zý21-V2:717 119 C), NI 02pzzvlZW -sqj/ Q5 'ý r9< Z2 li,, - 4. 'L i. I A - - i. i a i - 1% - tp. I v 4z ZY017- 7- Zý/ 7 2SP ZZ 2 URjr,:zz Fl r4 41 %/-)C-) 09 IN 'M Ilz ý6 Q i " -4 -, -4. %JN I ý = --141 "Ibol- I-C i I Ak2r I ljýý I ý qj 09 k,, I - I t- 1:nk ýd apt Yrý4'ý 3 YA oo;- I [Ilk zZaguomg *0 I.Z 1 1 1 ', il -1 ' ý I I - 1 "44 ýA2, =-A I I i I i I j 1 rff I I 1 1 14 1 1 Fý: 5b 0ý,6ýZOý Z2,7, i i 'I, i 10-4 Z2,?2-2G oj-r7 2. or, 902a -,law -%, j 1 Amn. 5w, Cl) Qý IN 11%j ýs I-N 34 09 og 0 f-),!D /1)CP 29 Z-Z 2 22,*Z 2 -2z k a j K4 V) rm I, %Iti q ýN Qj ý-9zý 62 -gr O-g -cg- 20 -gg. Oro -9v I-,- lle %-J, a-- s-:r %.e w Ig 09 Pý Fla C19 0,'ýqc? cc, t3 v 0-5ý -Z _0 -glge Title: Map of Township 36 N 27 W Keywords: Banat; Rudolph Krueger; E. L. Burke; P. Mersdorf; M. Rutter; W. Graves; A. Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; Peninsular Land Co.; C. & E. Graves; John Schoen; J. Roth; F. J. Schmidt; Carl Rettinger; H. Kirszhenheuter; J. Blochinger; John Schmitt; Felix Schmidt; Peter Mayer; J. Braun; M. Rutter; P. Mersdorf; Schubert & Kimpel; Peninsular Land Co.; N. Ludington Co.; N. Ludington Co.; P. Perrizo Jr.; R. Gilcreece; Talbot Lbr. Co. G. T. Werline; C. Klatt; A. Peterson; John Schlubowski; Talbot Lbr. CO.; J. A. VanCleve; Peter Erickson; P. Johnson; John Clary; Ira Carley; Elmer Englund; J. Saulit; M. Hanson; J. Wendrickx; M. Mayers; George C. Snow; Hamilton & Merryman Co.; C. & M. Venidestine Est.; E. P. Craney; A. M. Snow; Res. of G. W. Snow; John Baltrum; Martin Smiltneek; Chris Seemel; J. Upeneck; Oberthur Bros.; Jessie Robinson; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Res. of Geo. Hulsizer; J. Saulit; Fred Royer; P. Liebman; Holdena Goebel; John Adams; Caroline Liebman; A. Liebman; Louis Liebman; Kessler & Landsborough; George Wachter; Max Mallrus; Fred Royer; M. Mayers; John Baltrum; Martin Smiltneek; Oberthur Bros.; John E. Connery; A. herche; M. Ziel; J. Link; Stephan Eckes; F. Eppler; John Paul; F. Herche; M. Daggendorf; Nic Paul; J. Dreier; J. Daggendorf; A. Doffeck; S. Reiszner; E. Stein; S. A. Walter; A. Kungel; A. Dornecker; P. Staffle; J. Jost; P. Johnson; Sol. Swanson; N. Bowers; M. Amon; A. Thiry; Oaul Perrizo; Thos. A. Ismond; Wm. Aker; M. Taberg; J. Pluchak; M. Taberg; G. Smith; J. G. Adams; G. Schmidt; John Corry; N. Bowers; Talbot Lumber CO.; G. Hoffman; J.C. Tietz; J. Lillie; O. P. Adams; M. Friedman; G. E. Smith; L. Klatt; Fred Tessmer; J. Strohl; Oberthur Bros.; J. Hoffman; Talbot Lumber CO.; Talbot; Wm. Glaser; Little Cedar River; M. C. Burch; C. Tessmer; Otto Baumler; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; John Quamstrom; John Strohl; M. Glaser; Leonard Strohl; M. Glaser; Perrizo & Sons; M. C. Burch; School; Wm. Dory; Nate Nelson; Menominee Riv. Brwg. Co.; john Anderson; J. Saulet; C Jadin Est.; M. Strohl; John Strohl; A. Ludwig; Schubert & Kimpel G. W. Haggerson; J. burklund; Otto Rogge; O. Carlson; John Gustafson; F. Lind; G. Carlson; C. Arlandson; john Dahlberg; G. Broberg; Peter Westman; F. A. swanson; G. Dahlberg; Robert Newbauer; A. berquist; Chas. Ross; Aug. Hagerman; School; G. Swanson; D. J. Seanor; J. Seanor; Church; Parsonage; David J. Seanor; John Hendrickson; Chas. Johnson; Otto Kayser; John Menze; Robert Newbauer; P. Johnson; Chas. Ross; Geo. E. Smith; G. Swanson; Paul Perrizo Jr.; F. E. Hale; F. D. Hager; Emma Baumler; Theo. Wohlschlaeger; M. Gleiser; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Albert Newbauer; Geo. Lacomb; Rudolph Plutchak; Moses Raboin; Maxime Raboin Sr.; W. C. Oakes; Mrs. Frances Plutchak; Thos. Finn; John Menzl; John Snyder; Mrs. A. C. Juttner; Thos. Powers; Thos. Lynch; Perizo & Sons; Daggett; Mrs. M. F. White; D. Landsborough; Walter Paine; P. R. Johnson; L. E. Weng & Sons; L. E. Weng; F. Palm; Mrs. O. Eckman; Kessler & Johnson; Phillip Belongie; Peter Eckman; Erick Carlson; H. Nearban; E. J. Belongie; M. J. Doyle; J. A. Roper; J. P. Anderson; Henry Dennis; Olaf Bergstrom; Chas. Johnson; P. Farnlof; John Anderson; P. R. Johnson; Mrs. Tessmer; Mrs. Reitter; Fred Tessmer; John Strohl; L. Bauer; M. Strohl; John Strohl; Mrs. F. Tessmer; Chas. Swanson; F. B. Grundstrom; M. Sebatts; Jonas Anderson; O. L. Genos; Mike Dennis; Herman Jacobson; Oscar Gleisner; Jerry Collard; Res. of Wm. Collard; Jos. Goetz; John Anderson; J. Dennis; Henry Dennis; H. Nearban; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  46 46. "A,&a z r Ir6Ynee_77 Rn. 22tr&? i -3 6. 3I7'0. K~ ~ ý 7rccze7 A I I fF37a7) 3632) 36' r ZZct I Cczj{ey *. _ A A ~h Mn7ee ZloC-ZC,7C1 C zac I - -. t r - - ' tudczz2'c S.zzclZ7 band -ZC Pr-oszz,O0' ITt) F K K d N Al/Y Ion 41100 40 ata Jcle ln 00-1 / 7f'22 39. 53 710zS.29 ~3,3 3.3-Z4' 3, 3 Z0 2Ytk1~ct~azCZ _CZrloz__ '40 __ A7Vý.C ChctZý s ad T r~o /meFcczrs V 7V. r Nt tnQJc Jr 77 0T Ry otc A~tcCZcccZ ros7 ýe Sj ~~'~' A1'7y..zls 2C II)) I /0 ~ N 1 '3 Q*V5?46)3e~az/t P6U Z2 7Z- 4?,ene 4o wie.$i0 Joia '/.4,z -11-1 \/u (2' P7 XC 002 YPVtncz 4FA16 15 (i/flee /7 ~.EZ2 zrlre FV 5cc d Peterson 61cQl Y<2'~4s Zz-U - 6% t>, C7. _5 0 clan~Cl /~a Falc rica czcrie o NO h'?zrr u rr' r 5e Lr 71d27o4S-v 5teen a~-2y.7er ZJ2Z 3_Z'7.rgerI7 ('7 -4z li5"'esf refa S7zejph U&z- ~ zr/eQeccz __ _ ___(I) 2pen ~kj9aCtrit eFe.5 o/i 9Zec5t Acie c indz-br- 0 erls 722~ A~z/cl 40 frc ~ Coo _ __ _ __ ___ _______ ___ At oe 3...al~fl- J~innrZO 0~ ~ os- o 0 /er attej4}7 EZzr~CssZs-6 o~~. 3TAT% nC-.ado6 r- 6'7oc.7,.) 2L 0) ~ ~ ~ ~ - A`~ 't Ec 0j - N acrnS' SozIz Q % 44Q) 0' 7 C-) Sr.40 40.? ' 5 0027 - '~~ IctA thre tY 74 r2222 -fl 0Nib0,~zo ' &aza0___z 40 40 ___.1.. 1-i1 C pr- ~te ~Q6' e onBcc ci --c ot Sast z h ii~~ez k I-\____________ c~a- it 7202 6ec rAe So.6 i - 0 ~ n400CZ4 S//n ~ car _ _ L ____ ____ 40 ~Ocgo 40 _ ____ _YO Ceo. easer actkinhk all Title: Map of Township 37 N 27 W Keywords: Ira Carley; E. L. Burke; Nadeau Bros.; Menominee Bay Shore Lbr. Co.; Peninsular Land Co.; Isaac Stephenson; A. Spies Lbr. & Land Co.; N. Luington Co.; E. Houte; J. Piche; Jule Thiry; Chas. Baxter & P. Nelson; F. Sperlein; John Eickhorn; Mrs. Mary Collette; Mose Christian; Thos. Lebault; F. Demars; H. Duchateau; W. Laurin; School; M. Thiesen; Fred Holmer; Richard Bergstrom; John Gretland; P. Johnson; Chas. Linquist; Servia Fabry; Dan Rollin; T. Laurin; Tenece Paquette; Marcuil Dumas; T. Laurin Sr.; Telesphore Laurin; Godfrey Patrie; Frank Laurin; Frank Richards; Geo. Bouduain; August Johnson; Frank Lacombe; Dan Rollin; Servia Fabry; N. Ludington CO.; Chas. Linquist; P. Johnson; John Gretland; Chas. Carlson; Knut Christensen; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Jos. Forgette; G. Demeuse; M. Thiesen; C. A. Erickson; M. Thiesen; Geo. Bader; Jule Duca; Emanel Detampel; Edman Deioch; I. Stephenson; T. Peterson; Jule Duca; Cedar River Farm; Little Cedar River; P. Suller; A. J. Laroche; J. Ullmann; Hy. Brill; Frank Patrie; A. Forgette; Del Poguette; P.Mavette; Jos. Lebault; Jul. Dumas; Dolphis Lebault; M. Forgette; J. Tharp; Henry Schetter; Land & Abst. Co. Green Bay; Peter Garrigan; D. Barlow; Ole Bergeson; K. A. Gronmark; E. Nicholson; V. Barlow; Chas. Holman; Dolphis Lebault; T. Laurin T. Laurin Jr.; Claa Treadwell; Jos. Brilliant; Joseph Dreze; John Fish; Leo. Dumas; F. Menard; F. Menard, Jr.; F. A. Johnson; E. Faille; E. Nicholson; Chas. Holman; Vital Delaurelle; Frank Steeno; Henry Magly; J. Ernst; Jokela Estate; M. Theisen; Ole Olson; C. reedman; G. Schonstine; J. Schonstine; I. Stephenson; C. Redeman; S. Hammerburg; Jos. & Jerry Geriniat & J. Cannald; Paul Perizo & Sons; Jos. Servais; J. McKenna; Hmer Daousi; P. Garrigan; Juslin Daoust; Emil Maufort; Louis J. Saulit; M. Hannon; J. Hannon; Louis Tasquin; Jos. Hannon; School; Gust. Smith; Wm. Kent; J. Q. Adams; H. Wachter; F. Davison; Adam Wierzbickey; And. Klinowitz; Louis Tasquin; Jos. Drossart; G. Bertrand; Henry Schetter; C. Reimer; School; P. Garrigan; Wm. Stibritz; Chas. Berger; Wm. Stibritz; Henry Wager; Godfred Imhof; John Flaum; Mrs. K. A. Gronmark; Chas. Hultgren; A. Aupen; Emil Ellison; Ole Steffenson; Anton Rajavish; R. Spiller; Wm. Stibritz; J. Ernst; S. Ernst; J. Stern; S. Reidel; F. Knee; John May; Fanny May; Fred Wachter; F. A. Wachter; H. Bowers; Geo. Wachter; Bagley; Kessler & Landsborough; Fred Selshain; Louisa Schweig; J. E. DeBrall; Ole Olson; Hy. Wachter; Chas. Hultgren; Peter Garrigan; Mrs. K. A. Gronmark; John May; S. Reidel; F. A. Wachter; Gust. Carlson; Peter Benson; Simon Fabry; Richard Bergquist Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  47 I 9 e Scale 2 "inches to 1 mile - LflS.77>. I [jetit.Tiecoaraaerr-e-. eý.t 6,lZK7 _ 7ffizh.Z2ard I3-&L ZznM6 be Co. Yoj 4-1. 4-0 1tGVJ42.c068 Cis. Zý7 42.40 142.73 -,ca rZ'1.so 7-z 40 C Wýa.rZ son7 S 4-0 43.9/. Z4-3.2.5* I45. 07 e-Z-z an-Z, jf 200 4s44-56*57-e78 931 ---77Z7-!I V.7be- o &C!nl&b?6rC 0 x' -1 A Ili /2 I 46.56 4660 46.34 -Ida 2.5 I J17~ orzstrz L'and &tt erCo 146. 5 1.44A~I.axsCr-71Ad.C4I--r do Dance;6Z 502 ANk i i W.Cff -B lIcaz Z& Z~S0 72. F 120 z 1 9 145conzzsiz & Iumncei vlaA % z n7 crY C N 0.0 It) 1 to 0 u> A Swan-pz Son.-7 *qAq -9.4 F/I 2?:-,Patti~sonZ--. 11-0 dFA%-0 [ntesozA *40, '0 k ______C.--/_0-__NJ -I*I &c Zy e-zn77jre 0. 0Q6 // K.9--80 80 ZDet67Fster2-I e6 KShoz.lt twa&6izrb J-6 -Arl 4&O 6-a ~z4-0%z4-0e )VISCO-215z,2 -De2'7CZ ZLW27sconsjrCO. L'sCzrzd nLC- -2(Z 0Q 40 40 I.e4-0 4 6zr ezY-'Co. -& LE?-a in 6cer- Cc czri- e WZ'sccnscnZ77 and CZ& EduZnZ6crCo. lse I 20 S60 4ý80 (04-0 6 8040 twice 6-77 nr. 498 [r 7, _ _ Ia2__ __________ __ J twa0 40 rn reid/u & &b-br Coz ci. SI.Coy * B-r-areazr Ga o N~ 5 dQ3 coo6$200 40 A'.9 a"(Ec 31or Soz 400 4040S 40 /&Lb V. Co Pt.Scord.a ctc rcrlgoo 408 4w 4 -4v.a. to. 040 I2 2&.1. Stzrk 4-0 JX 'scorzs a5z-i Zi&Czccnc 1 Pt/nc son & ifEck &erg 41 40 *4.( ZZ z-z&.Lryz 4a 171 - f7ziscc~z-zszrz /azf-an 40 &- flu 77mnben Oct06.40.x & 3 2"c n c ' o 2"::.. 4 4 4 4 * t520 3 Joint Sec,0. Or-tin 60 JVeks cart1,5sin Laczncl 3 -Join S~6o '2.2 - * F-.-- -.. *.. If- - N ka Title: Map of Township 38 N 27 W Keywords: Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie R. R.; Wisconsin Land & Lumber Co.; P. A. Nelson; C. A. Nelson; Erick Danielson; Chas. J. Johnson; A. W. Johnson; Swan Larson; Wm. Arndt; C. B. Springer; Jennie E. Dahlen; Wm. Johnson; Mrs. August Arndt; Em. Deusterheoft; Wm. Hartnett; Frank Turck; John C. Scholtz; H. P. Friday; H.P. Hanson; Hans Hanson; John P. Carlson; A. W. Johnson; John O. Carlson; c. hanson; M. N. Ryberg; John Erickson; Godfrey Johnson; J. E. Nieman; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Joe Allare; Church; Hermansville; w. ducharme; alb. Soderlund; chas. Danielson; john Sanford; frank Carlson; olver iron mining co.; fred nelson; f. wolf; gust. Anderson; a.f. manuson; church; f. Paulson; otto. Swanson; john cl scholtz; wm. Hartnett; frank curck; h.p. Friday; h.p. hanson; f. manano; m. morse; mrs. d.d. rogers; wm. Radue; and. Erickson; chas. Helgreen; Gideon; grondin; tom Petersen; aug. Larsen; mrs. mary Morrison; dan bonndeau; e. lacoursier; a. koehn; gust. Schultz; tiem bros.; fred. Henning; adam luft; mike Hartnett; e.p. Radford; e.l. burke; a. hedenreich; e.l. burke; matt middle; adam luft; m. ewan; a. belanger; m. baribeau; b. brumstead; school; ben. Moreau; mrs. o. bellmore; eli. St. onge; oliver iron mining co.; f. glaser; Philip savord; thos. Beaudoin; ed. Panson; dona bellmore; m. bellmore; ben. Morreau; ed. Rivord; little cedar river; chas. Lessard; ed. Lafornier; joe bolio; a. dugere; p. nelson & h. eckberg; i. carley; e.p. Radford; john gratland; carl olson Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  48 48. 7 ý29 T. ý -ý- ýý- - I -4FZZ 174".Peni '2'n 4 Tze's /P- e'-Z2DZ27 I 4f, 4z 71 -Z/- 6 -1 M - I M!O. I-ff eq. C-o xA,* 7 -ZE cz if bz-. Go.,./I I.- 4:e Ozz oa 72 07!g 7:1-z 72? SC 027 SIZ I toll JSA- z qj cf'C-1, C Z -Z/ Ot 2-2 _7 P- c> -F-7 144,rICZ C_.e76Lb4ý5r 22 XQ SID 1 NO. C, H C A Cr C zz Z/en ge. 70 <SOO -80i -720 21627-7.00 6z 2 'AIX I& e cc) Co -27 1 0 C> yeg ý&OZ2CZ6Z7 5. _ZIC.(j? C 37 -2 1102 Z 'yo 21 22, ra-1. -5orl all //o zz Z 2 ZZ-/ Cc> CZý b6lý- CIO C, Ov W. a. z 7 cza:, 6z C-T+ -D2 cz-rzas 01.1"z: T-.ýe2l N Y&O poler 6an ZZ77.7 -Z2' 0- C) ozz,5z Z,- CL -Tz Cz ct-i2: a 7 ýZ-,? _7 77,5 r, t ý11 -E75, e. - Q ý Q N 7:1 OZý 2z c>z A? 7:1-027. (!E! Z-v Z-Z -OýIlz 7 -2 Z Z-2 00 Z Z-2 _9 ce Z_ z X Tj ýz r ZIY' e, Z' I'ji 6)z 00 CD 7ZZ: e,::".7-7 Cz ZZ C7 Z:bz- col,ýZZ2,ZZ-Zq CC> - -,Z o 'Ll --------------- Z'.n aýý.re Z2 Zlct J-Z C-Z st-. C-C. 14 s Zo F7 PFDA R a 6a 670 F i -- c.Ta C7,7r(f.15OZ20 lu Y-0 E5 p4eR rTAze zz ---M - Z2 Z ýýJj,Qj I -1 I C-10ýn7-2 1!2ý 1 - - Ic.502-2 2 - 7 - an) Rý 14,,g:-L6ýrco casse if F.YQ. i oroe 7 4C, 7vZ'61-72-2 a 0 7-i Am 40 C'To e ozi r02 Roe,,4 f CJ larva.) 4 1 co - 2-57'! lk! I I i IN, JL "Mollmn.-A-. I j j i--- -.-j I." __j.1 I la 1 11 - Title: Map of Township 39 N 27 W Keywords: Dickinson Co.; Chicago & Northwestern R. R.; Siding No. 4; E. L. Burke; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; Peninsular Land Co.; A. Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; Oliver Iron Mining Co.; H. E. Leaper; Leaper; Houghton Co.; Spruce Lake; Froberg & Peterson; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Fred Paulson; Skidmore Land Co.; Gust Johnson; Leaper Lake; Houghton County; Aug. Johnson; J. Corry; Pumpelly Brooks; Cyril Poupore; P. Olson; Joe Sicore; Joe Sicore, Sr.; Felix Bochon; Joe Marchaterre; Fred Dubey; Joe DeMarias; T. Broger; J. Nelson; Peter Gustafson; Fred Gustafson; J. H. Cunard; Joe Peterson; Cedar Sta.; Vesper; G. Turnquist; A. Henry; School; Elmer Lindgrim; Aug. Lindgren; Aug. Fryxell; J. T. Froberg & O. Peterson; Louis Gauthier; Peter Olson; Oscar Peterson; Walter P. Galarno; J. E. Froberg; Chas. A. Peterson; John Chenord; Peter Gamache; Joe Ayotte; Em. Paquin; Louis Dubey; Geo. Chenard; Edw. Paquin; Cheese Factory; John Massie; Leo Raiche; L. Alore; Alex Ayotte; Nels Engstrom; P. J. Mertens; Sam Grenter; Emil J. LaCasse; Joe LaCasse; Joe Raiche; Geo. Chenard; Henry Zimmerman; Saw Mill; Frank Raiche; J. F. Nieman; H. Desjardines; Joe Rochon; Tim Laroux; Oliver Ayotte; Frank Carlson Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  49 49 OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN - -I- -- A-- I -:I - Scale z incnes to I mile ý001 I F2ord,- 5 -4,D1 7- Zr7iror-Zzc7zn40t 5/SC Sf14 / codmaTh 40 900. 5/ F 5.27 A?. Spte [Li 4cedzi 5/711 /.0 Coo~ 50.57 1 aSS I50. #e9 5. 4-~o 7-60-4s7 -/Y..Yc5 lbn-& C6>dar2 Go. OZZO&- 1707do -40 3 0&bcr Iron.ý077 Ozzuy -72-IOL 2 -Z, JIIWZ'7Z -7 9Co 7,. Oc. l360 AMzn anyz* -_qCO. 440 P - - 51a/ce 40 400 Ford I 1 _ _ ___, fro 40-B0d asu Y ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Y oJ0~c orIrn- 0Ee r QJ 3,' Merr,~.-rnrr-~n Ion.tb c dal O ur rn 74Qnn c. L d 4-'ztyCoA72ny ( -Fr) ~ ~ f rZtS4 tt$ - "-;o 17-0 77 rio I')o?4'~s. L & H, Sc 4-0 W../'cs. Mr &e Z 7 -2' hrz. Co. L/a7ndý co-0 C/ocr f&-7 l-ron 6256czvr IýOron A1~Z7,Z, ~70 PB/afro 40 ___________ aayC(o. Cve Mýrarn "-y CcCedar0 Ca40 i I lk i t 'Li) *1 - C&tr &c Cea o 80% in 6000 A60 Sp0rr ýp.16 640. h~r- Co. mz~rz z Z-9 Co ( A7 OLoc A _Aaz 29 /aerIon. C2o1 fot 00/vr2r I00 r. Co IA? 20 AGaaer- 21 22 2 c-2'J47t 2A _A _ _ 404 "A) C)oZro00 Lan 200 26~6 4-0 4Yr. 0ae rm~ad 7-- r-6H 4-So Lr.&6. ol-rbr. Ca. Ir- C Zoo Irn6n 17]CoI 40 4_e -SY o T,77 -40 120 I 200 So77 40r) q 4.0 /1/eas.&Lcazz-a'. &'brC C / ater2 from0 -ZM4n:7K Z Cloc6vr Iron.-z,4. - I.ninCoC.. IC I i I 2F 4.40 ll1l " i -A I ýw -d' Ar I 40 0d do 440 40 -40 Co. 4-0 Olcoer Iart--by. 0 Zrc 9..Pa-7.7-i/it n~ait170-07a-tan] lcarr 8o 41 2 40j I i l mpl-Ik ---. e - Z -4z 422L Zy. ada ITL1 r:; I Cc..40!, Ar.pz I Title: Map of Township 40 N 27 W Keywords: Dickinson Co.; Oliver Mining Co.; E. L. Burke; Ford River Lbr. Co.; A. Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; Hamilton & Merryman Co.; Wis. Land & Lbr. Co.; S. H. Bridges; Spalding Lbr. Co.; R. F. Goodman; Sophie S. Turner; F. Gregory; Merry Land Co.; R. Blake; O. C. Lumber Co.; J. A. VanCleve; R. Blake; E. W. Sparrow; John Corcoran; Cedar River Land Co.; E. L. Kent; Wm. Allard; J. B. Goodman Co.; Pumpbelly & Brooks Land Co.; H. E. Leaper; Peninsular Iron Mining Co.; E. P. Radford; Mary Guay; E. R. Radford; L. Larson; A. J. Pipkorn; R. Blake; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  50-51 Hpfe'.*' * ji0 ^s f) L^/ *Sf-'.^'~^r^^^^''^5~f^- "^T^Z--^"^671 ^,S'S7 ' A-& 2Z ^.^ | -47. /2 " ' ^7- ^6 '-^- *^? "% 9^ \ -^. 5'7~ -^5'. 80 "^6-. ^7 *4-^./^ 1,^-^.?0 '-4-3.e7 f^2,90 4-2.3'ST ^-/-27 ' \^-0.^-Z \ B^ft--'"^-^^ i.- ^ '- i \\ U^^z^^r? <g- "yCl/ud Merlon yK ^ / j^. ^enoTn.LTies \ i^^^ i ~ -' ) ' b2fez-^77-^77 i-n^m. ^//& i^on <^ j ^^^- ^^. <&Z^2^.(^^^ * i o^w * ( ' I ' ^^ ^ &.\^~^ <b- ^ / ' l50zz a?' ^ '.^^B^ ---'-----*7-7-- _---L------ - -j----i---[--^^-----: ^ _y- - - ^- - - ^^ ~ ^ ~ j "jjcTis^ci.^^B^';' Z^^A;. /^ ^-rzq^aTi C^. -"S^ ^Co^e) / ^ ^ ^^3 ^f ^7-^.. ^^^^^^..^^^^^r ^o ^ _.1 K ^, _^_/ ___ ^a ^j ^ 6.7^^y^., ----r---^---^^ ^ ^-\------^^--V. 3 / ----^Z^?--- ^7 77J^ ^ ^.^^^^^^^R^^^ ^^ ^^^.^fe. \ ^o ^2^^r- ^ -^rf^ ^ *^ Su^ro^ ^ * /-Ori^^^^^ -^^ > ^, _____ \ L^Co., ___^ ^ ^___^^4___^_---_^----.aC^^^^%^^^&^^--/B 73----------iz3^,------------------- \ ------ / A^7/&2 ^Me-n-^ S^cd-. \ \ ^TzfoTLS. 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' * ^ 4'G <_7c-? y **'^^*0 * *^rCJ ^ \ i i^ i ^ r j- -i- l--^--- * ":~"' 7-. ---- "' i ^tS^W ^-'f^'^fcyA," Co ^tTa.n.n.^fe.,; ES'"PCT~*^r ^ ^f?^n. ^ ~/ B^S. *~. - ' ^-Sffl -K-.yM.BUjsky ^^S||^_ ^ ___ ^ J, _ P:W Aa^^a,.__ *a' *' / -L^z- ^n/n..,^^,^^ a,.L^_ " i----\i ^~ ^K1 --*^.^^^.^^^ - -:^^.^^ '~-^_j~^-^^44 1/fo-^^^^^.^r^? ^T"^^^ si^T ~r.S] ^Q^ I K^ " Stale ^ ^-2/^^z^A777(^ l^^^' ^^^~ ^b^Burh-s Mf^y- /.*Oo^as 320.-Dob^^. K^S^e. a-z^rf ^ 7 ^ ^^ ^^^a:^. AW^fr^ ^ ^ ^*"*^ii'^BN^ ^ -^ ^> *^ ^*^?" /-*--^ ^o,^ <&. ^ ^^*o {_ c.9 ^ _40 __ <s4.o \ *Ir1- J _,^- ^a^.^ 1 0^-^^^-y^^\ --^--^^f-^-i^.^^ ^ 1^ ^^co ^;^^Biy^-^ ^-^ y^^^. ^^- ^^ "^ ^ ^ ^ ^ /T^ii ^s^' N> ^^\\\t;? *^ J ^**^^*B'^-^^f ^"^ J. "^C0 ~o.^ A ^ <^._ \.^a-- y ^,,^____*'~^ f <?9~*^';^! _^0. " ^ ^ ^j^.. y- 80 ~-J * tSSs- l -^-;=-E=^s-*^*r- 1---i-- -sj^-^-\^ '*^^-^^/ i--r ^A^g-f-- ^--s^-^- 7^/^. S ^^^"^-^^FIT1 ^^^^*^^^& ^Fip 1 ^-^^^. ^^i^^^% ^"g i. Wtfnnft^> tfe-^^"''^^ 'L^ (aM ^'^ /v, * cfc co. co. 40 ^ ^. ^s.,- ^ w-^ ^ ^-g^ ^^ <yo _~~_~>(o,0 * k B -^^..^^- L$~^ B^^-------- ^., ^ 1 ^ -----^--^-^^-0^---^-1 T -^ I ^J-ohr.. \ --K^^ ^. ^.K00.. *. B^^ s ^^-^ 11^. %^. ^ ^^-^^ ^ ^ ^ ^~ </ ^. ^2^.- ~ ^r\^.^ * ^, ^ 'j ---~1^- - ^^^^-T^^fe^ ^ ^r'^'-^"-^, ^ ---^ ^ ^.,^^^^;--:--=^-- ^^& ^ ^ i~^.,,^- ^. ^.^^^ i ^e& ^ ^T ^ ^. ^ ^-^cr ^ ^..iMj'.. *. ^fc-^- __^^ KS-- '___i--,,____^ -J" j^_^_^_^].,\^^^_^ ^'--tr-^'^ Scale 2 inches to 1 mile * ^ /^^^^^^^?,.. ^-g------- 1 -^''T' ^^^^9 ^i\U\\^^? T ^<7-^----- --T---- ^0 ^Y' ^fy'B.De. Oie ^ C.'-0 = \^{J~ ^^Stel ^^.. |||^ ^z.^^^ l^ii;: ^llBll^^^5^^^^ ^^z ^^-^^ *t.\i.?^^^ a30. Ij^^^^^0 ^ ^ ^ ^^ - 1^^^ ^\^^^/.---J,^----/- w 80?0 p^rzs^ 40 ^ ^Y -D^ciw^ ^.^^fc^^^^, W ' 40 40 ^^y36!^ ^ /^^ ^6r-&C^^cf,. La^ci Co. ^ ^ay ^ * ^ ^^/a^T^ZB^^^a ^^%^^/.-^ ^ *^2- ':'^Z7' ^^BPi^^ *- G?- \ ________Tf_^_______________ _______40 40 ^ t^O ^ I ^ __gg__ ^ff/f^/^)77 ^%%^^^^' '*^^^^^^^ts^^F- - ^^^^^^K ' ^ ^ \,.^, * /~r~7~-- ^ c^-s^- ^ ~ ^ t/ ~'~S'''^-,^^^^^ ^zzrf 6b. ^^a^nfelHl^;^-- %.^te2^^7^n<S,/ ^ o ^^z ^ ^^ ^~ s '/ ^ 4^.800, ~-"/mM^ ^.^^^^^^^^^ ^ / ^^^11^]^-_^-^^-A-^^^-^__y^-T p ^ ^p^^^-^^^-^-^^^'S^y^ ~y^. -T-^.,<jo *^SS^^T'^^^Sg-7r i~ ^^ ^^^ncc ^ s^- y ^ * * \^^y/if Iflf m)))W 7 \ /'_ yVT3 wore Q >t; Q ^C&^''aMi^B.^S~s'* \ - 40 40 f /--,*' ibr'& -*S> R y ^ c/.^..^/^ /!-<- *^ Lcl-nd Co. ''*i"*~~ //////////////IS ly^ '^^"r--~'~"^2--*--^---J:?^?^^^ '^T"^^ " '~" ~ ^u^rzofoiz. S.spies ~7 - -Sgo^^^^,^, ^ ^^^^7,^^/g^^^^ llWl^'66 w^"^3^- ' ^S^ ^T ^ll^lllS^. \ k^ / So ceSaZ~. *^ \.So ^ _____ \ 40., ^%^ * ^^^^y ^c<i_^, ^_/ * M^^^ \x^ /^r' i-7----4 280 TkSrr-^^s^ ^^^-^^"i^^^^ ~ ^^WLF'V7' ^.Z/^- b ^ *sfct:G'- <S.S^es^iof~ *^^SEISS^'- ^ \ -^ *' r *A' t ^S- ^ l-S^i 3 ^^^^^////V/^ A^^^yV.o'a;/^OT.y Peni^sular^01^, i,&r.& JbhTz- soo WUSi8^^ ^0 \ Sur^e Ludw^o^ r^d.^ ^^ ^.; 3 /////W.^v^^y^^.^ &. ^ ^077^^. ^^ ^^ ^;l|^^^ \' / ^ ^ca. ____^co-__g^.^ K >'^^^ ^^^^^^'U^- ^- -< ~yo ^ ^ ^ ^ _.;^Bpi'-;- r--^^--/. '^ ~._,_ -A::z/"-- i--PT?-^-z,-- - ~G~S' ^^%%^ ^^y ^J71 ^ ^s^ | >' ^ ^ \_\ soff;i^y8--^sb/ ^igb- -^^_ ^ i ^. ^*^^ -^0-^-.^^yiv' ^^^^^^ M^^^ ^ '.^---^-2^^B^ ^l-- *5^^ A^.&^.6o. ^A^.^. Wwfr^ 4- <? '^^1 P TBO^^ ^-^OI^BPMP^0 ^0 ^ ^ &, _____^^^ ^60 _____2_-_^^^^^^^^ Title: Map of Fract. Township 34 - 35 N 28 - 29 W Keywords: State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; H. C. Shields; Olof Johnson; E. L. Burke; A Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; State; F. Gagnon; Wm. Holmes; N. Ludington Co.; J. LaDu; Ole Johnson; Land Co.; C.McGinley; John Leaveck; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; L. Dobeas; Peninsular Land Co.; Hamilton & Merryman; N. Cole; Skidmore Land Co.; Peninsular Land Co.; Sulwalki; L. Kaszmarcyk; Anna M. Jones; W. R. Corry; John Wisniskie; Anton Dolski; Fred Sundstrom; Dalski Bros.; Ed. Hanson; Peninsular Land Co.; B. Kwiatkowski; Frank Sowinski; F. Gregory; Wisconsin & Michigan R. R.; Shaky River; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Louis Dobeas; Johnson; J. W. Wells Lbr. Co.; L. Burke; L. Dubeas; Wright Bros.; Grimmer Land Co.; E. L. Burke; Ed. Schulte; J. W. Wells Lbr. Co.; Flint Land Co. Burkland Co.; Chas. Tombes; J. F. Hallfrisch; E. Loughray; Eva Longriy; Cook; Fred Paro; Mrs. J. Neville; LaBellious & St. Peter; Alb. Palmer; A. V. Stoff; Kimpel Land Co.; W.Kimpel; M. Bilisky; M. Gibas; F. McGovern; W. A. Kimpel; H. R. Palmer; John Schmidt; Alex Orloff; John Behrson; Eva Longrie; M. Freiman; F. Lemense; J. Mary & Eva Longrie; R. G. Martiner; Axel Johnson; N. Rasmussen; M. Freiman; LaBellious & St. Peter; S. Taczala; J. Kann; otto Olson; W. & O. Olson; T. Vincent; Alb. Swanson; Ole Johnson; J. Christainson; V. B. de Moranville; G. H. Hagen; Ed. L. Ebert; J. F. Bronvel; E. Mankaskey; C. H. Worchester; Koss; Wm. Trehey; Mary Hallfrisch; J. F. Hallfrisch; Walter Geisel; O. Grave; . E. Johnson; Longrie; John Nordquiet; P. Sandlund; E. Ebert; A. LaPointe; Louis Dobeas; Frank Erdlitz; Kiel Wooden Ware Co.; A. L. Sawyer; H. P. Christ; C. A. McGinley; Wm. Kent; H. A. Glandeman; A. Tunell; G. W. McCormick; Ed. Mankoskay; A. L. Sawyer; G. H. Hagen; W. B. Winter Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  [unnumbered]

Page  52 52arC Title: Map of Fract. Township 36 N 28 W Keywords: State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; White Rapids; N. Ludington Co.; Peninsular Land Co.; J. B. Goodman Co.; C. Tombes; Blom & Holmes; J. Garrigan; Menominee Abst & Land Co.; G. McCormick; E. L. Burke; Hamilton & Merryman; Schubert & Kimpel; Labillois & F. St. Peter; J. McElroy; Ed. Wraman; C. & E. graves; W. Graves; Gardner; N. Westhof; D. Davidov; A. Trudt; Aug. Spies; A. Petrov; P. Archibald; A. Worthing; M. Schizidas; M. Hirsch; School; L. Worthing; S. Hamhaber; M. Schizidas; T. Niedh; I. Stoeck; A. Wist; J. Orland; A. Bellinger; S. hamhaber; J. Hachbein; F. J. Schmidt; Hooper & Hooper; O. Madsen; G. McGormick; N. Ludington Co.; T. Schubert; Schubert & Kimpel; G. H. Hagen; A. Szabo; F. Muller; W. Schneider; F. Stark; E. L. Burke; J. Bauer; M. Koller; N. Polvtanatvech; A. Streit; Banat; M. Bortscheiler; J. Schlauch; O. Sonntag; J. Burger; G. Webber; St. Peter & Labillous; J. Paulus; J. Jurger; J. Gutekunst; N. Niedermayer; P. Perrizo Jr.; F. Hone; Wisconsin & Michigan R. R.; J. Henes; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Burkland Bros.; W. Hutchinson; A. Juttner; H. Brown; Peter & Labillois; A. B. Wilson; Mrs. Martha Wilson; J. Schimmel; Burkland Bros.; G. Broberg; R. A. Cook; Oscar Swinsky; V. Vincent; J. Egreter; David Janzen; Axel Carlson; Andrew Luwen; P. Daufain; C. Baldwin; Gus. Carlson; Dahlski Bros.; D. Hogan Jr.; Edw. Rogge; J. Bowen; Swanson; School; S. N. Harrison; Wis. & Mich. Ry.; F. hone; R. A. Cook; Paul Perizo & Sons; Chas Arlandson; Pauline Kimpel; E. D. Flenniken; C. Rollins Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  53 NJO QYNQJ Q- Q0 9 KV_ ~r - qj q tA I( ý 1N -, 0- ý r___x Z2 53;0.4) ~~Z20 JJcrZ KuIs) *?J K N N k NAHj 019 7:>LZ'2:>T Sur 1 LT 11,;.-Z Z2 s ZZ 2 UcEýj coo NI M Sfl& S4 f N F 1,4 N~4 IQ A ~&' L ___ Jzzq7~rIVS ~k (2 ~?~' WJ%2S&2L rca c-i >z%\k 0 K ~ fltZ? k3LU 7J ZOFZZZZ7T t qe -j i r k) l YLL S( Title: Map of Fract. Township 37 N 28 - 29 W Keywords: State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; N. Ludington Co.; E. L. Burke; Geo. Harter & Sons; Peninsular Land Co.; Jas. Hanson; Holmes & Blom; Hamilton & Merryman Co.; Menominee Bay Shore Lbr. Co.; F. LaPointe; Theo. G. Knapp; Wisconsin & Michigan R. R.; Nadeau Bros.; A. Spies Lbr. & Cedar Co.; J. Germidt; Joe Hanna; Chas. Tombes; Herman Gaede; I. Stephenson; C. Tombes; Brown; Mitcheson Co.; T. Breen; C. DeHaase; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; C. Delarvelle; Peninsular Land Co.; N. Ludington Co.; A. Robertson; Matt Nicholai; Jule Bourlee; A. LeGreve; G. Verbouncour; Eugene Houte; L. Zimmerman; Joe Hannan; N. H. Cole; W. Cole; L. Nicholson; A. Mallson; John Nicholai; Eugene Houte; Emery; Desire Bouchonville; Nathan; Fred Golden; Depot; Hotel; School; A. Anderson; T. Jennings; E. Duca; H. Munda; A. Olson; John Steffen; E. Houlse; John Schult; Paul Brunette; C. W. Wilkins; C. W. Williams; John Erdman; P. O.; E. Houte; Eugene Houte; Theo. Madsen; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  54 54 - (;zO) ORj 92z27S7 ~~22 -41 (30,9 2 (,Z T (:3 0) 0 K) NO K 0 0 (3 K:2 (1) o:3 Jot 1:72 (:3 K (ONOF -__- -K (I) K'? K:30 9) >3 N" F 9U L I -L 1 4;hep I. I - m It, r 00 C\4 -711 NJ '72S 2C /0/ ZjOR?- Nl" >3 K No (f) o 'N) is) NJ 0 >3 (3 K4 '4 N) If) 14 0 t 4 <1) N K Nj 4 Ky * 9). 7-,Z-22Z/2r ZZ 29U"7-Z0 I e-Z 17. F 0 rzz-zpqq 0 19 i WZ.. I -t - -4R V,r72 27Cy 'pay- 09j Ott bQ ff- - - ý.. -Mokpo - i 9) 5'Y 229 297 V -zoo K. 0 k I I I I- IA---- I \-,) I ý I - I -; - I --- I. I. I I -. I--. - -. P 21 1; ---1. I --. i i i k - -. i;11ý! i -CVNWXN--+ i I r. -P=M*4wlý It IN to hi ['Kr (\j 2K K 0 14 (:3 K>.'14 'NI (1) 0 K) 0 K) K N Nj K 0 CT) to Kj -1 r >3 ' 0 tLN 'C K K -r jN 0 6 0 'TI' & r Ro 0' 3rN -r 0 '(3 Oto 0 v-i rNE7UT 0 44 &y 92,j C' U to 9) e2\ / JOA I e "PQ -T - 0-------....i 0) wt372 K NJ OP 52/ sz St lW1% ýJLL 'Noo; - QJJ 0. 0 7 1 l-t:2 - A, I I -I. - - - - -Fvý --;ý,OHS/ xr, 9) *2 TV 0 o 03 ~ 1ý1 \I ce' -4: elf KZ 4ý0 CO 0 N -....4;..j =......... '0 Qjl3 & %:~K~ K-IN& 'VV,,ctj# K.............. JlO~v9 -NT ~ 'K ~ Title: Map of Fract. Township 38 N 28 - 29 W Keywords: State of Wisconsin; Menominee River; Dickinson Co.; Grand Island; Hamilton & Merryman Co.; Peninsular Land Co.; Ralph Barker Sr.; Ralph Barker Jr.; Mrs. R. Underwood; E. L. Burke; Samuel E. Barker; N. Ludington Co.; M. O. Kohler; Ralph & Sarah Barker Sr.; Menominee Bayshore Lbr. Co.; Wisconsin Land & Lumber Co.; Geo. Harter & Son; F. Hone; Menominee Abst. & Land Co.; P. Albertson; M. P. Christensen; Wm. Mullen; School; E. P. Radford; J. Clifford; E. Schorette; J. Hoglund; John Johnson; Wm. Apenkoff; Turner; Twp. Of Holmes; A. W. Brant; T. Breen; B. Carr; Men. Riv. Boom Co.; Fred Carney Jr.; J. J. Durin Jr.; J. E. Lind; Pat’k Hayes; Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie R. R.; Wisconsin & Michigan R. R.; Fred Brusda; F. R. Morlock; Faithorn; M. Farrel; C. C. Johnson; Bernard Wilson; Peter Lacroix; School; S. Laroctie; Harter & Son; A. L. Sword; F. R. Morlock; Edward Thompson; Theo. Torson; F. Carney, Jr.; Mrs. Marie Gaede; Gus Nord; John Bengston; Chas. Berg; J. R. Sherman; C. & N. W. Ry. Co.; Aug. Seynor; N. Ludington Co.; John Arnat; Merryman Lake; John Jacko; F. Lawvtzky; C. I. Cook; J. Armbuster; James Hansen; Frank Salzsider; H. W. Brandt; School; Jas. E. Good; Albert Ross; H. Wilson; Theo.G. Knapp; J. Radski; Matt plohar; J. Radski; Kent & Burke; N. Christian; Nadeau Bros.; Jos. F. Plohar; Jos. Salinski; Louis Berg; Blom; Chas. Hanna; Edson Cunningham; Alex LeGreve; S. Lareche; Oscar Wickman; Joe Hanna; Fred Brusda; Note: of the Michigan Meridian

Page  [unnumbered]

Page  56-57 .1 E5 16 17 19 tit, -N.- A -ý.-ý-Zlectrlc nes C4ýVldxn UL. r, Jose.1ý,f4i.7- Denton llarbor Stl Keewenaw Pt. & Light -fty - Dotrblt.Tlited S ir jrUmbome:..Escaiiaba, 57 R ld G, ra ap ailall lRapidav drand- I it (", Vý d m k egqa, A Grand-B avldc--Holland -A U CRAM Chi-cAgo I Published by GE04 F. ý.Grand:Rapldp -&-Kalam TractiOD __:Ho ghton Cou-jity-J..'rox Akbor SCA'LE Or XrUS ft tro.i.. to so mawswe Ljght7*Trad............... & r Y v --liarquette-CltY -M otte C uut* Gas arqu -.0 la&uds V S A A.. ve ý:Pcd............ - ----------- lap* -------- - ---- - r 00 4 UN-Am 77 G 1-'-L'k djlý QA 4t Ilk de 0 ra ý4 7d 'r, oll N 4. X Ip BEAvýR W X p Aw cl %ýCy 4Z- % MAN PAARAISýc...... is w Z, 0, A!" NETT Goose W.J6. kTE R9 S FA CASCADE.13 I D fA 11 S W. MINE C. ON -T u INOI KE F. Cý. rrkt A 0 Title: Michigan Keywords: Keweenaw; Copper Har.; Deer L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Griso Bay; Pt. Isabelle; Keweenaw Pt.; Keweenaw Bay; Manitou Isl.; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gratiot Lake; Canada; Pie Isl; Isle; Royale; Amygdalbid Isl.; Amygdaloid Isl.; Passage Isl.; Grill Isl; Blakes Pt.; Rock Harbor; Minong; Todds Har.; Isle Royale Light; Siskawit Is.; Siskawit Bay; Siskawit Lake; Washington Harbor; Keweenaw County; Lake Superior (done); Chippewa Har.; Rainbow Cove; Washington Isl; Johns; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Elm R.; Allouex Mill; Kearearbe; Wolverine; Centennial; Belt Line; Red Jacket; Opeohee P.O. or Osbeola; Berwons Riaby; Demmon; Franklin R.; Ladrium; Mine; Sevel Town; Redridge; Stanwood; Edgemere; Edoinere JC.; Beacon Hill; Fredan; Balmon Trout; Obenhoff; Atlantic Min; Mill Min Sc.; South Range Messner; Trimount Ain; Ricedale; Elm R.; Baltic; Huron; Highton; O. Huron; RIlty; Houghton; Gross Point; Traverse Isl. Torch D.; Traverse Pt.; L. Linden; Hebard Lappe; Phosni Cliff; Ahneek; Calunet; Nixonn Hubbell; Ojisway; Mohawk; Allouez; Fulton; Allouez Mill; Copper Falls Mine; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gate Har.; Wyoming Junction; Lac La Belle; Deer L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Grise Bay; Pt. Isabelle; L. Gratiot; Point Mills; Pt. Abbaya; Pt. Abbayo; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is; Huron Pt.; Huron Bay; Huron ----; Pine Riv.; Pine River Pt.; Huron R.; Mountain L.; Pine D. Ives L.; Salmon Trout R.; Yellow Dog; Ransom; Huron Mts.; Big Bay; Bigbay; Big Bay Pt.; Antlers; L. Independence; Powell; Jean; Birch; Sauks Head; Garlick Isl.; Garlick Pt.; Granite Isl; Buckroe; Granite Pt.; Garlic R.; Garlic Lake; Porestville; Ross; Duncan; Ickeral Lake; Middle Isl.; Presque Isl.; Superior; Marquette; Carp Furnace; Gillett; Harvey P. O. or Chocolay; Gordons; Short Pt.; Michigamme & Beck; Dishno?; D. O. I.; Sand River; Whitefish; Deerton; Laughing Fish Pt.; Tyoga; Deer Lake; Tyoga JC.; Shelter Bay; Rock River; Onota; Mangum; Green Garden; Yalmar Sta.; Gentian; Taylors; Sands; New Danton; New Dalton; Alley Mills Spur; B. JC.; D. JC. & A.; W. JC.; Saginaw Mine; Milwaukee JC.; L. Michigamme; Wabik; Beacon; B.O Erie; Dead R.; Ishpeming; Teal L.; Negaunee; Maas Mine; Hoist; Eagle Mills; Dead River; Whitman; Bancroft; Cascade Basil Jc.; W. C. Br.; New Dalton; Tilden & Natimune; Palmer; Partridge; Winthrop Mine; Republic; Granite; Columbian W.; C. & W.; Goose L.; Mineral Branch; Greenwood; Stone V.; Boston Mine; Clarksburg; Humbolt;C. N. W. L. S.; Browid; Pasooe Mine; Marquette; Selma; Yalmar; Skandia; Lawson; Dukes; Roberts; Dorsey; Block; Diemling; Rumely; Ferguson; Jenks; Eben; Finns; Calciferous; Autrian L.; Munisins JC.; Valley Zerbel; Short Pt.; O.T. Yoga; Autrian Isl.; Autrian Bay; Autrain; Brownstone; Wilcox; Lowre; Ridge; Grand Isl; Munising; Trout Bay; Grand Isl.; B.; Castle Pt.; Grand Portal; Wood Isl.; Merriam; Kirby; SO; Hallston; Sandy Pt.; Wetmore; Mabel; Boogrens; Evelyn; Blueberry; Juniper; Doty; Hartho; Masters; Haggins; Boucha; Ethel; Peroy; Chapman; Samson; Metser; Brabant; Petrel; Creighton; Driggs; Walsh; Pt. au Sable; Grand Sable Lake; Marriam; Grand Marais Harbor; Grand Marais; Beaver; Man; Summit; Grand Marais Jc.; Bennett; State Roads; Wards; Star Y; Liston; Camp Seven; Bald; Buna; Cabile; Ames; Boscoe; Lorna; Corkwood; Glacier; Stillman; Hale; Dewey; Dixon; Midway; Chatham; Grey; Autrian; Mun.; Valley; Zerbel; Munising Jc.; Sh. & Atl; Cusino; Leroux; Two Hearted R.; Lit. Two Hearted Riv.; Sucker Cr.; Dannaher; Laketon; Mun. Sh. Atl. Dul. So. Sh.; Dollarville; Newberry; Tahquamenaw River; Lit. Two; Shelldrake R.; Vermilion; Vermilion Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Maple Isl.; Parisian Isl; Shelldrake; White Fish Bay; Tahquamenaw Bay; Salt Pt.; Iroquois Isl.; Bay Mills; Bay; S. Shore JC.; Goulais Bay; Goulais Pt.; Bachewauaung Bay; North Sandy Isl.; South Sandy Isl.; Luce; Emerson; Middle Fk.; Sault Ste.Marie; Ft. Brady M. R.; Payment; Sugan Isl.; Great Lake; George; Duck Is. Rapids; Hay Lake; St. Mary River; Gladys; Rosedale; Dafter; McCarron; Donaldson; Barbeau; Brimley; Dorgans; Wellsburg; Duff; Red Carp R.; Wellers; Rexford; Woods Branch; Strongs Cottage Park Spur; Lake; Union Bay; Ontonagon; Green R.; 14 Mile Pt.; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Fire Steel; Lit. Girls Pt.; Black River; Montreal; Lit. Lake/Gear; Siemen's Ironwood; Bessemer; Thomaston Wakefield Jc.; Ballentine; Iron R.; Little Iron R.; Poreveine Mts.; Preseque Isle; Black Riv.; Black River; N. Bessemer; Bessemer Jc.; Abitosse; Beryl; Thomaston; Wakefield; Ramsay; Bessemer; Marenisco; Gogebic Lake; Groesbeck; Matchwood; Ontonagon; Ewen; Nester; St. Collins; Bruce Cros; Choate; Radford; Sandhurst; Craigsmere; Robbins; Paulding; Barclay; Oroziers Mill; Blemers; Marenisco; Gogebic; Chi. Nor. W'N; Potata R.; Rockland; Chi. Mil; Fire Steel; Eager; Sterling; Misery R.; Elm R.; Barclay; Tivola; Stonington; Beaver Dam; Painesdal; Chassell; Arnheim; Keweenaw Bay; Keweenaw; Assinins; Alston; Hazel; Pelkei; Otter L.; Staokpole Winona; Belt; Simar; Peppard; Rubicon P.O. or Hubbells Mill; Sturgeon R.; Baraga; Iron Bridge; Pori; Findley Jc.; Frost Jc.; Victoria R.; Mid. Branch; Paynesville; Ruby; A. Jasper; Trout Cr.; Basoo; Interior; Interior Jc.; Perch L.; Parks Siding; Diana; Nestor Cross; Sidnaw; Read; Anthony; Kitchi; Hanvey; Onyx; Lewis; Kenton; Bergman's Mill Track; Tunis; Covington; Leo.; Robinson; Taylor Mine; Silver; L'Anse; Taylor, Jc.; Summit; Hibbard; Pope; Ontonagon Baraga; Houghton; Sturgeon; Murphy; Vermilac; Bess; Tredeau; Tioga; Redruth & Nestoria; Bode; L'anse Ind. Res.; L’anse; Slate Cr.; Skanee; Huron R.; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is.; Huron Pt.; Ivas L.; Clowry; Humbold; Dishno; Pascoe Mine; Pasooe Mine; Brown; Beon; Beck; Beacon; Champion; Wabik; Michigamme; Erie; Mill Jc.; Columbia Republic; Clarksburg; Boston Mine; Michigan River; Michigamme; Granite; Houghton; Baraga; Marquette; Perch L.; Crystal Falls; Florence; Dickinson; Floodwood; Michgamme; Blasam; Amasa; Atkinson; Paint; Interior Jc.; Tamarack; Elmwood; Watersmeet; Beechwood; Iron River; Stambaugh; Palatka; Saunders; Ponca; Michigamme River; Mastodon Mine; Kelso; Mansfield; Sagola; Channing; Paul; Granite Bluff; Randville; Brule; Pentoga Armstorn; Chi. & Nor.; C & N. W.; W'N.; Panola; Mastodon Stager; Brule River; Norway; Sturge Fall; Iron Mountain; Spread Eagle Sta.; River Siding; Antoine; Merriman; Vuccan; Loop Line Jc.; Tobin Mine; Dunn Mine; Basswood; King; Uinnespc; Pine R.; Wisconsin; Witbeck; Camp No.; Kates; Michigamme R.; Floodwood; Henderson; Turner; Channing; Sagola; Dickinson; Metropolitan; E. Br. Cedar; Randville; Chi. Mil; Henderson; Ralph; Gleason; Alfred; McRae; Ward; E & L.; McDurmitt; Millers; Ross; Henby; Henry Ford; Northland; Reade; Mashek; Watson; Dewey; Ford R.; Little L.; Cheshire; Plains; Princeton; Lathrop; Escanada R.; Rock. P.O.; Maple Ridge; Defiance P.O. or Campbell; Woodlawn R.O. or Whites; Beaver; Friday; Rapid R.; Hoop Odetts; Ladoga; Turin P.O. or McFarland; Osier; Winters Trenary; Buckeye; Limeston; Winters; Diffin; Trenary; Perkins; Foster City; White Fish R.; Mud L.; Morans; Richardson; Shingleton; Mcinnes; Scotts; N. W. Branch; Spruceville; Hiawatha; Hiawatha Sta.; Camp 22; Iron Creek; Fish Dam; Fish Darl; Big Spring; Steuben; Smiths; McNiels; Jenny; Uno; W. Br. Manistique R.; White Dale; Gulliver; Fordville; Blaney Jc.; Parkincton; Bear Cr.; Germfask;l Seney; Ackley R.; Schoolcraft; Germfask; Seney; Helmer. N. Manistique L.; Viola P. O. or Yatton; Diller; Manistique L.; Huntspur; Pike Lake; Simmons; Carruthers; Blaney; Moorev; Bear Cr.; Gould City P.O or Corinne; Potters Peef; Manitou Payment Shaol; Simmons Reef; Naubinway; Sault; Rexton; Caffey; Damond; Troutlake; Alexander; Hendrie Fiborn Jc.; Kemp; Gilchirst; Garnet; Milakokl Lake; Soo Junction P.O or Sault Jc.; Hulbert P. O. or Hurlbut; N. Manistique L.; Bovee; Pt.; Epoufette; Brevort & Greene; Carp Rover' Mackinac; Strongville; Sault Ste.; Fibre P.O. or Dryburg; Kinross; Tone; McCarrion; Dafter; Rosedale; Donaldson; Barbeau; Neebish Isl; Sailors Encampment; Raber; Lime Isl; Gatesville; Cedarville; Stalwart; Les Cheneaux; Hessel; St. Martins Bay; St. Joseph Island; Montreal Channel; Duck Is. Rapids; Can Pac.; Burnt Is.; Worsley Bay; Asn Pt.; Ash Pt.; Round Is.; Putagannissing Bay.; Potagammissing Bay; Harbor Isl.; Maxton Drummond; Pirate Harbor; Marble Head; Grants Is.; Thompsons Pt.; North Passage; Crescent Isl.; Vidal Isl.; Crape Robert; Calumet Mine; Foster City; Hardwood; Hylas; Merriman; River Siding; Antoine or Traders Jc.; Cedar R.; Loop Line Jc.; L. Antoine; L. Fumes; Fumee; Quinnesec; King; Norway; Appleton Mine; Sturgeon; Sumac; W. Aucedah; Leaper; Vega; Cleeremans; Whitney; Camp No. 2; Camp No. 5 & 6; Dryads; Faunus; Perron; Vilce; Alecto; Shaffer; Felchuc; Ngbles; New Hall; Woodlawn P. O. or Whites; Kingsley; Cornell; Chaison; Gladstone; Chandler; Salva; Marringers; Lefebvres; Chadstone Road; Bichlers; Groos; Bay Siding; Masonville; Lit. Bay; Perkins; Winde; Brampton; Rapid River; Setif; Ensign; Jacques; Pickel Cr.; Stonington; Round Isl.; Pine Ridge; Flech Jo. Nobles; Taycoos R.; Beaver; Powers; Loretto; Aragonic; Aragonic Mine; Valacca; Hermans Pembine; Faithern; Vulcan; Blount P.O. or Kloman; Spalding; Wilson; Hooles; Indian Town Sta; De Loughary; Harris; Bark River; Narenta; Hyde P.O. Ryde P. O. or Ford River Sta; Ford River; Escanaba; Peninsula Pt.; Chippewa Pt.; Big Bay de Noquette; Sand Isl.; Fish Dart R.; Sturgeon Riv.; Delta Jc.; Russell; Isabella; Cooks; Haco; Camp 20; Fayette; Portage Bay; Wiggins Pt.; South Manistique; Thompson; Camp 1 Jc.; Cherry Valley; Manistique; Manistique L.; Manistique Riv.; M. M. & N.; Branch; Marblehead; White Dale; Gulliver; Delta Jc.; Murphy; Ogontz; Stony Pt.; Ogontz Bay; St. Vital Is.; Snake Isl; Vans Harbor; Garden; Pt. au Barque; Gull Isl.; Blaney Jc.; Park; McDonald Lake; McDonald L.; Hughes Pt.; Gulliver L.; Pt. Seul Croix; Squaw Isl.; Whiskey Isl.; Garden Isl; Trout Isl.; High Isl.; Gull Isl.; St. James; Beaver Harbor; Hog Isl.; Beaver Harbor; Stony Isl.; Triangular Isl; Timbered Isl; Scotts Pt.; Pt. Patterson; Potters Reef; Simmons Reef; Menominee; Nadeau; Carney; Ballous; Mumfords; Bagley; Talbot; Ames; Nathan; Everett; Arnold; Hammond; Hermans V.; Menominee River; Blum; Lit. Summer Isl.; Summer Isl.; Pt. De Tour; Burnt Bluff; Poverty Isl.; Gravely Isl.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Gull Isl.; Little Gull Isl.; Isle au. Gales; White Shoal; Hat Is.; Grays Reef; Pierce Lake; Cross Village; Emmet; Goodhart; Readmond; Pt. aux Chenes; Allenville; St. Ignace; Nero; Gross Pt.; St. Martins Isl.; Lit. St. Martins Isl.; Pt. St. Martins; Mackinac Isl.; Mackinac Isl.; Pt. St. Ignace; Round Isl.; Boisblanc; Straits of Mackinac; Waugosbance Isl.; Temperance Isl.; Temperance Pt.; Cross Village; Sturgeonbay; Bliss; Carplake; Cecil; Cecile L.; Carp L.; Walkers; Hebron; Lyonstown; Levering; Logging Camp; Crystal Sprs; Stootsman; Pleasantview; Indian Garden; Bogardus; Pellston; Goose Isl; Bois Blanc Isl.; Boisblanc; L. Duncan; Pte. Aux Pins; South Channel; Mary Lake; Alverno; Cheboygan; Cheboygan R.; Long L.; Grance; Hammonds Bay; Mullett Lake; Inverness; Lakewood; Lakeside; McLeods Bay; Boisblan; L. Duncan; Freedom; Turtle L.; Rigg; Bushville; Mulletts; Manning; Lasalla Isl.; Lasalle Isl.; Pt. Fugard; Marquette Isl.; Prentice Bay ; Beaver Tail. Pt.; Pt. St. Vital; Pt. Detour; Detour; Detour Passage Bay; Pt. La Barb; Island Harbor; Huron Bay; False Detroit Channel; False Detour Channel; Pt. Smith; Cockburn Island; Thompsons Pt.; Straight of Mississugua; Mildram Pt.; Green Isl.; Drummond ; Drummond Isl.; Mildram Bay; Green Isl.; Great Duck; Western Duck; Peninsula Pt.; Inner Duck; Middle Duck; Outer Duck; Crescent Vidal Isl.; Crpe. Robert; Barrie Island; Bayfield Sd.; Helen Bay; Elizabeth Bay; Manitoulin Isl.; Portage Bay; Peninsula Pt.; Julia Bay; Lake Wolsey; Menominee River; Wanson; White Rapids; Kass; Kells; Cedar R.; Daggett; Anderson; Stephenson; Ingalls; Wallace; Osborne; Carbondale; Porterfield; Peshtigo R.; Beaver; Cavoit; Peshtigo; Marinette; Menominee; Green Isl.; Egg Harbor; Birch Creek Sta.; Pt. Rochereau; Arthup Bay; Cedar River; Stephenson; Inette; Cedar River; Whales Back Shoals; Washington Isl.; St. Martins Isl.; Washington Har.; Rock Isl.; Hog Isl.; Detroit Isl.; Spider Isl; Portedes Mortes; Washington Isl.; Plum Isl.; Gravel Isl.; Hedgehog Bay; Devil's Door Bluff; Sister Isl.; Sister Bay; Chambers Isl.; Whales Back Shoals; Cedar River; Bayleys Bay; North Bay; Hawley's Bay; Mud Bay; South Manitou Isl; South Manitou; Manitou Lake; North Manitou Isl.; North Fox. Isl.; South Fox Isl.; Fishermans Isl; Inwood; Cherrie; Belvedere; Charlevoix; Cat Head Pt.; Cat Head Bay; Gills Piere; Argosa; North Port; Leland; Manseau; Omena; New Mission Pt.; Grand Traverse Bay; Northport Bay; Northport Pt.; Ironton; Ellsworth; Eastport; Intermediate; Echo; Wards; Snowflaki; Torch R.; Harbor Springs; Roaring Brook; Weque DOnsing; Conway; Ary; Cases; Brutus; Alanson; Oden; Crooked Lake; McMana; Clarion; Smiths; Boynes; Advance; Torch Lake; Phelps; Charlevoix; Finkton; Hitchcock; Jordan; State Rd. Heac; Quarters; Jordan Riv.; Madden; Kentucky; East End; Dow; Simons; Thelma; Gaylord; Otseco; Berryville; Yuill; Vanderbilt; Thorn; Trowbridge; Rondo; Haakwood; Wildwood; Kegomic; Bayview Epsilon; Littlefirle;d Wabmemee; Bear L.; Harbor Springs; Little Traverse Bay; Manonaqua Beach; Susan Lake; Horton Bay; Bayshore; Burgess; Charlevoiz; Windling; Webster; Chestonia; Brickerville; Brown; Dix.E. Sta.; Central L.; E. Elmira L.; Elmira; Hallock P.O. or Hazzard; Springvale; Thumb Lake; Sturgoon River; Pigeon Riv.; Torniabee; Burts Lake; Burt Lake; Cheboygan; Hamby; Indian River; Crooked Lake; Littlefirled; Kegomix; Maltsby; Doyles Cushman; MGore Project; Camp; Geeo; Spring Water; Boyne FS.; Johannesb; Hetherton; Jackson L.; Pike L.; N. Fk. Thunder R.; Cornwells; Cedardale; Montmorency; Atlanta; Hetherton; Austin Sid.; Presque Isl; Ocqueoc; Fowler; Ocquecoa River; Cheboygan or Black L. Potters; Alis P.O. or Conover; Hillman; Brasil L.; Millersburg; Bunton; Hammond; 40 Mile Pt.; Rainy; Trout R.; Rogers; Adams Pt.; Leer; Orchard Hill; Long Rapids; Flanders; Hobson; Dafoe; Alpena Jc.; Alphena; Thunder; Lit. Thunder Bay; Crooked Isl; Gull Isl.; Sugar Isl.; Thunder Bat Is.; North Pt.; False Presque Isle; Middle Isl; Presque Isle Bay; Lake Esau; Presqueisble; Grand Lake; Bell; Polaski; Bolton; Long L.; Metz; Posen; Polaski; Hagensville; Trout R.; Rogers; Thunder Bay; May Lake Jc.; Hawks P.O. or La Rocque; Austin Sid; L. Superior; Lake Huron; Michigan; Saginaw Bay; Lake Erie; Green Bay; Marinett; Menoninee River; Oconto; Oconto; Lit. Sturgeon Bay; Brookside; Little Tail Pt.; Kewaunee; Algoma; Namur; Sturgeon Bay; Cave Pt.; White Fish Bay; White Fish Pt.; Peshtigo Pt.; Pestigo Harbor; Ship Anval; C. & N. W.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Pt. aux Becs Scie; Edgewater; Crystal Lake; Frankfort; South Frankfort; Herring Lake; Benzonia; Homestead; Platte River Pt.; Empire Jc.; Platteo; Peterville; Empire; Burdickville; Glen Lake; Maple City; Cedar; Solon; Ruthardt; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Platte River; Pratts P.O or Allyn; Hayes; State Rd.; M Inland; Benzie; Weldon; Turtle L.; Wallin; Weldon; Joyfield; Nessen; T.L. Branch; Horidon; Hannah; Monroe Cen.; Bummit City; Wylies; Grawn; Grand Traverse; Long Lake; Neal Boardman; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Osborn; E. Empire; Cedar Run; Hanfort Fouch; Hog Is.; Shetland; Keswick; Suttons Bay; Suttons Bay; Old Mission; Mapleton; Birth L; Kewadin; Elk Rapids; Harch Crg.; Isadore; Leelanau; Leelanau; Lime L.; Port Oneida; Glenhaven; Glen Arbor; North Unity; Sodd Harbor; Good Harbor Bay; Pyramid Pt.; Kerry; Traverse, CY.; Archie; West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Milton; Elle L.; Yuba; Mitchell Jc. Hodge; Holmes; Leavells; Twin Mountains; Leidhart; Round L.; Rapid City; Barker Creek; Wilkins Spur; Ricker; Rugg; Mabel; Mahan; Iamsburg; Fair Banks.; Kalkaska; Kalkaska; Shell Jc.; Soules; Harts; South Boardman Sands; Crofton; Lodi; Pioneer; Walton; Hamilton Ivan; Fog Lake; Sharon; Naples; Halsted; Fletcher; Saunders; Spencer; C. * M. R.; Blue Lake; Deward; Squaw; Wellington; Horrigan; Cen. Mic.; Pere Cheney P.O. or Chenny Sta.; Jackpine; Sigsbee; Bucks; Handon; Hard Grove; Frederic; Judge; Clear Lake; Love; Putnams; Dana; Kneelands; Alexander; Tylers; Graying; Oscaoda; Fairview; Redoak; Wood; Principal; Comins; Aus.; Millen; Crooked Lake Jc.; Flat Rock; Cutisville; South Branch; Maltby; Lupton; Rose City;Sabble; Mio; Kneeland; Biggs; McKinley; Curran; Hubbard Lake; Newton R.; Spruce; Hawes; Roe Lake; Black River Isl.; Harrisville; Sturgeon Pt.; Alcona; Lodge; Lincoln; Mikado Handy; Veilar Lake; Brayn; Batton; Lott P.O. or Chevriers; Glennie P.O. or Bamfields; Killmaster; Mud Lake; Black R.; Greenbush; Gustin; Kewaunee; Twin R.; Twin R.; Manitowao R.; C. &. N. W.; Manitowoc; Peter Marquette Car Ferry; Manitowoc; Rawleys Pt.; Twin Rivers; Big Pt. Sable. Hamlin Lake; Foulsen; Mason; Sugar Grove; Big Sable L.; Siddons; Sable R.; Freesoil; Sable R.; Marsh; Oak Park; Oakhill; Manistee; Manistee; Polock Hill; Arendal; Camp Two; Onekama Jc.; Portage Lake; Onekama; Patch Crossing; Pierpore; Bear L.; Sorenbon; Malcom; Arcadia; Pleasanton; Butwell Cr.; Baile; Umphre; Gulcwetts L.; Springdae; Henry; Copemish; Thompson; Tanner; Chrief; Kaleva; Goodrich; Brethren; Clement; Wellston; Dublin; Florence; Hoopers; Little R.; Stbonach; Lit. Manistee R.; East Lake; Newland; Thorp; Angola; Clay HIll; Rosenburg; Axin L.; Pecks Sid.; Derrys Sid.; Maple Grove; Marilla; Marmons Cleon; Lemon L.; Harlan; Pomona; Buckley; Mitchells; Bagnall; Walls; Sherman; Glensbarry; Mesick; Wards Sid.; Soper; Mystic; Wades; Hair; Clarks; Manton; Gilbert; Wexford; Tuma; A.A.; Meauwataka; Valda; Missaukee Jc; Harring; Round; Cadillac; Browns Sid.; Brinks Sid; Nelsons; Lucas; Little Fields Bid.; Galt; McBain; Delton; Gerbers; Hobart; L. Mitchell; Valda; Pioneer; Morey; Qutcheon; Stittsville; Moorestown; Butcher; Stratford; Higgins Lake; Houghton Lake; Houghton Lake; Butterfield; Mynnings; Widdicomb; Veneer Jc.; Veneer Koopman; Propsper: Koopman; Ealmouth; Vogel Cen.; Moddersville; Dolph; Prudenville; Roscommon; Noal; Mich. Cen.; Long Bridge; Williams Jc.; Tierney St.; Giels; Roscommon; Moores; Curtisville; Leander; Edward; St.; Helen; Rose City Lake; Lupton; Maltby; Canfield; Safe; Campbells Cors.; Haptman; Loranger; Norns; Grenwood; Prescott: Beaver Lake; Millers Selkirk; West Brank; Ogemaw; Ogemaw; Smith Jc.; Long Lake; Bisconnette; Doan; Pine Lake; Oscoda; Ausable; Lincoln Jc.; Au Sable Pt.; Kunze Siding; Tawas Beach; Tawas Pt.; Tawas Bay; Tawas City; Marks; Alabaster; Whitemore; Loam P.O. or Coppers Cros.; Taft; Au Grest R.; Emer Jc.; Vine; East Tawas; T.B. Jc.; Tucker Farm; Mile Hill; Millerton; Sheepdale; Peacock; Syres; States; Luther; Hansens; Keenan; Hoist; Edgetts; Bristo;; Riverbank; Sprague; Thewitts; Olgad; Collins; Obceola; Delphos; Comptons; Tubtin; Anderson; Rose L.; Rose Lake; Leroy; Hayes; Suprise L.; Hartwich; Pennocks; Crocker; Parklake; Dighton; Winterfield; Grandon; Temple; Clarence; Arnold Lake; Long Lake; Leota; Muskegon R.; Second; Frost; Levinton Sid.; Harrison; Clare; Osceola; Levington Sid. Doge; McClure; Lit. Sugar R.; Babcocks; Correction; Butman; Skeels; Line; Alger; Culvers; Mapleridge; Arenac; Turner; Santiage; Duck L. Omer; Arenac; Surham; Sterling; Deepriver; Pine River; Ogden; Moores Jc.; Quinns; Bricks; Sand Pt.; Whit Stone Pt.; North Charity Isl.; S. Charity Isl.; Flat Rock Pt.; Port Austin; Hat Pt.; Pte. Aux. Barquez; Pointe Auz Barques; Burnt Cabin Pt.; Grind Stone City; Hiron; Eagle Bay; Mosel; Sheboygan Falls; Sheboygan R.; Sheboygan; Shebygan; Adell; Oostburg; Cedar Grove; M. Car Ferry; Ludington; Lincoln; Lit. Sable; Buttersville; Riverton; Wesley; Bass Lake; Bass L.; Bow L.; Pentwater; Pentwater L.; Smiths Corner; Weare; Crystal Val.; Oceana; Peachridge; Little Pt.; Sable; Au Sable Lake; Benona; Claybanks; Bradyville; Stray L.; Holstein; Shelby Ferry; Cranston; Wagar; Hesperia; Tigris; Pentwaten Q; Walker V.: Peachville; Camp: Obmooba: Klondike; Lattin; Campbell L.; New Era; Stray L.: Cranston: Mears; Pere Marquette R.; Allendreek; Kirk; Mas. & Oce.; Shaw. W. Trowy; Alderson; Lilley; Volney; Elbridge: Woodville; Keno; Brookings; Phelps Mill; Biteley; McDaffies Mill; Sisson; Hawkins; Parke; Jacksons; Up. Paris; Paris; Stimson Jc.; Crapo; Upper Big Rapids; Hungerford; Lumbertson; Newaygo; Ramona; Etna; Ryerson; Alleytoon; Whitecloud; Kopje; Otia; Beaver Cr.; Wooster; Big Prairie; Borland; Big Rapids; Weaver; Pogy Hill; Emerald; Barryton; Chippewa L.; Chippewa L.; Byers; Rodney; Mecosta; Stanwood; Higbee; Altona; Morley; Rustford; Reynolds; Standwood; Mecosta; Remus; Foster; Titus; ROdney; Sherman City; Winchester; Higbee; Sylvester; Beanchard; Millbrook; Rowland; Winn; Coomer; Isabella; Brinton; Littleford L.; Curriers Bid; Gilmore; Hurnham; Hebrick; Coleman; Loomis; Wise; Sald R.; Delwin; Leaton; Jordan; Isabella; Mt. Pleasant; Stearns; Alemb; Crawford; Shepherd; Pleasant Valley; Van Decar; Caldwell; Drew; Beal City; Isabella Ind. Res.; Boyden; Chippewa R.; Rustford; Morley; Murphy; Jerseyville; Brroks City; Gordonville; Floyd; Olson; Sanford; Luman; Edenville; Alamando; Bradley; Egbert; Brier; Brroks Cr.; Coe; Redstone; Barnes; Posyville; Smiths Cros.; Averill; LaPorte; Jam; Littibawasse R.; Hope; Cummings; Nine Miles; Tebo; St. Andish. Pine iver; Bertie. Smiths; Rhodes; McRaes; Mount Forest; Glover; Norn Branch; Gopman; Campbells; Kawkawlin; Monitor Millers; Wolverine; Wolvine Jc.; Wolverine Mine; Aubun; Amecith; Freeland; Monitoro Salzb'g; Bay City; Cheboy; Ganing; Munger; Post; Quanicassee City; Wisner; Unionville; Lengsville; Linwood Park; Tobico; Kawkawlin; Oaatka Beach; Wenona Beach; Bay Cy. Bayside; Sagniaw R.; Essexcille; Banks Foss; Michie; Lengsville; Pinconning; White Feater; St. Andish; Eananing Cr.; Brooks; Melborn; Koch V.O.; Watrousville; Fairgrove; Sebewaing; Fish Pt.; Kate-chai or Mai-bou Isl.; Stony Is'; Bay Port; North Isl.; Pt. Charities; Caseville; Oak Pt.; Columbia; Akron; Ellington; Elmwood; Colwood; Gagetown; Ashmore; Kilmanagh; Canboro; Owendale; Rescure; Greenleaf; Gotts; Bish Lake; Pinnebog; Soule; Crown; Hayes; Berne; Pigeon; Wolfton; Elkton; Linkville; Bar; Poppe; Northburns; Ivanhoe; Appin; Cass City; Wickware; Colwood; Caro; Deford; White Cr.; Shaddon; Novesta; Tyre; Wadsworth; Kinde; Varney P.O. or Johnson; Glencoe; Port Hope; Redman; Filion Clarks; Rapson; Verona Mills; Sigel; Helena; Badaze; Wadsworth; Pawlowski; Ruth; Parisville; Whiterock; Forestville; Charleston; Mill Cr.; Minden City; Freiburgers; Palms; Cumber; Mills; Cedardale; Deckerville; Shabbona; Argyleo; Chevinston; Richmondville; Leitch; Belgium; Ukeeozauke; Port Washin; Milwaukee; Gr. Truni; Crosby; Bay View; Flowercreek; Montague; Rothbury; White L.; Whitehall; Michillinda; Wabaningo; Duck L.; Bear Lake; Muskegon; Port Sherman; Muskegon Heights; Lake Harbor; Black Lake; Lake Harbor Sta.; Ferrysburg; Car Ferry Trans. Co.; Grand Haven; Sheldon; Big Blue L.; Reeman; Brunswick; Holton; Sitka; Win Lake; Mcleans; Muskeogon; Moskegon; Gr. Halls; Berry; Dalson; Sweet; N. Muskegon; Sullivan; Spring Lake; Kirk; Nunica; Fruitport; Ickand; Ravenna; Scocum; Canada Cors; Gooding; Reeds; Cedar Springs; Casnovia; Bailey; Perrins; Velzyi; Sandlake; Cloud; Newago; Brookside; Bishop; Brunswick; Twin Lake; Sitka; McLeans; Bixby; Hines Crg; Henshaws; Simpson; Kanitz; Sullivan; Ickland; Ravenna; Cockery R.; Conlin; Harrisburg: Lisbon; Kent City; Lake Bailey; Brooks; Grant; A. ta.; Sun; Dickinson; Bridgeston; Ashland; Saxon; Sparta; Ballards; Velzy; Sheffield; Evans; Childsdale; Belmond; Alpine; Rend; Grattan; Bostwick; Cannons; Burg; Parnell; Belding; Kido; Green V.; Green V.; Wabasi Lake; Gowen; Spencers; Flat R.; Sidney; Colby; Virgin: Bushnell; Miller; Eureka Pl.; Wagers; Amsden; Shiloh; Chadwisk; Belding; Otisco; Bostwick; Slayton; Miriam; Orleans; Woods Cors.; Avon; Haynor; Prarie R.; Nickel; Smyrna; Montcalm; Gilbert; McCool; Sandy; Reynolds; Muskegon R.; Rustford; Amble; Lakeview; Hiram; Pierson; Plumville; Grove; Ensley; Brooks; Grant; Croton; Howard CIty; Six Lakes; Wyman; Cedar Lake; Rockalnd; Vestaburg; Riverdale; Elwell; Summerton; Forest HIll; Fishville; Crush L.; Crystal; Butternut; Carson City; Vickerville; Sidney; Westville; Enthican; Lanston; Trufant; Coral; Plehill; Edmore; Townline; McBrides; Ferris; acma; Elmhall; Pine R.; Ithaca; Eugene; Gratiot; New Haven Cen.; Sethon; Middleton; Pompee; Brice; St. Louis; Breckenridge; N. Wheeler; Eaton; Beaver R.; Langport; Lafayette; Edgewood; Fordney; Sickels; Northstar; Neward; Hubbardston; Matherton; Pewamo; Fowler; Union Home; Maple Rapids; Shepardsville; Duplain; Eureka; Elsie; Ovid; Hayworth Cr.; Fowler; Olney; Henderson; Carland; Shiawassee; Ryan; Porters; Iva; Sand Ridge; Dice; Frost; Malts; Saginaw; Carrolton; Cawndale; Mergehom; Malts; Dice; Frost; dan Ridge; Porter; Hemlock; Nelson; Miner; Brant; Leutz; Fergus; Groveton; Marion Sprs; Racy; Oakley; Brady; Chesaning; Layton Corners; Sliawassue; St.; Charles; McDonough; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Burt; Foster; Paines; Fordney; Malts; Kulubach; Greens; Cros; McClure; Rees; Arhur; Buena Vista; Veenfliets; Capac; Emmett; RBelleriver; Riley Center; M. Sta.; Lamb; Thorton; Wadfham;s Abbottsford; Goodells; Tunner Jc.; Barina; Pt. Huron; Gilford; Fitch; Markel; Millington; Brockway; Hoyt; Bridgepoint; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Montrose; Brentcreek; Mt. Morris; Lothrop; Mt. Morris; ZionHazelton; Clay; Horton; Genesee; Carland; Henderson; Judds Corners; West Haven; Easton; Layton Corners; Lewis; Flint; Hazelton; New Lothrop; Davison; Belsay; Rogersville; Otisville; Thetford; Otter Lake; Burns L.; Millers L.; Five Lakes; Oregon P.O. or Carpenters; Owait; Clifford; Silverwood; Mayville; Shaye Lake; Juniata; E. Dayton; Wilmost; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Vassar; Frankenmuth; Tuscola; Cass R.; Cassbridge; Blackmar; Birchrun; COunty LIne; Navan; Click; Saginaw; Foster; St.; Charles; Miner; Brant; Leutzfergus; Groveton; Chesaning; Oakely; Lapeer; Kings Mill; Lum; Hungers Creek; L. Hasler; Mippissi Cr.; Davison; Elba; Deanville; Burnside; North Branch; Weeks; Braidwood; Germania; Kingston; Decker; Snover; Noko; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Tuscola; Lapeer; Sanilac; Decker; Kingston; Imlay City; Saint Clair; Mt. Salem;Cpac; Brockway; Elliot; Sharpsville; Valley Center; Brown Center; Omardo; Elk Cr.; Redstar; Flynn; Marlette; Laurel; Redstar; Lamotte; Elmer; Berkshire; Cash; Sanilac Ce.; Carsonville; Poland; Port Sanilac; Lexinton; Lewis Siding; East Firemond; Amadore; Jeddo; Blaine; Fargo; Brockway; Yale; East Greenwood; Mt. Salem; Avoca Ruby; Northstreet; Bardendale; Huronia Beach; Gratiot; Amadore; Croswell; Peck; Watertown; Melvin; Speaker; Aitken; Abbottsford; Emmett; Pt. Huron Balt. Works; Marysville; Kimball; Tappan; Smith; Grabd Blacnk; Ranklin; S. Grand Blanc; Racine; Boot R.; Kenosha; Kenosha; Racine; Wind Pt.; Port Sheldon; New Holland; Ventura; Noordelo; Ottawa Beach;l Black R.; Graffeschap; Saugatuck; Douglas; New Richmond; Peachbelt; Ganges; Belknap; Glenn; Allegan; Pearl; Avis; Brave; Pearl; Allegan; Millgrave; Junningville; Fillmore C; Rolland; May; Veriselo; Oakland; Bentheim; Hamilton; North Dorro; Grisenlake; Moline; Corning; Middleville; Bradley; Minerlake; Hopkins; Minor Lake; Kellogg; Watson; Monteeth; Maplewood; Monterey; Dallas; Hillards; Diamond Sprs; Dogg; New Salem; Millgrove; Cloverdale; Orange; Mills; Watt L.; Cedar Creek; Corning; Molina; Grisen Lake; Parmelee; Nirving; Freeport; Gerkey; Carlton Ew.; Coats Gr.; Dellwood; Woodbury; Hastings; Barry; Maple L.; Yankee Spr.; Shultz; Quimby; Thorn Apple; Highbank; Kalamo; Morgan; Bristol L.; Dowling; Maple Cr.; Carlisle; Bismarck;asdasSunfield; Grandleedge; Shaytown; Rozana; Hoyt; Vermontville; Greshham; Chester; Charlotte; Kalamo. Nashville; Kings L.; Petreville; Kingsland; Kelly; Langsin; Delta; Fair Grounds; Millett; Packard; Potterville; Eatoninggham; Dansville; Mason; Aurelius; Klink; Westholt; Trowbridge; Haslett; Locke; Williamston; Meridian; Bunkerhill; Winfield; Onondaga; Fitchburg; Henrietta; Lowe L.; Holt; Williamston; Cohoctah; Indian L.; Parshallville; Fleming; Linginston; Lakeland; Bulls; Plainfield; Gregory; Stockbridge; UNadillac; Bruin L.; Greenoak; Oakgrope Sta.; Deercreek; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Clyde; Hartland; West Highland; Highland; Milford; New Hudson; Brighton; Wixom; South Lyon; Rinckney; Anderson; Island Lake; Annpere Summit; Howell; Davisburg; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Glyde; Harland; West Highland; Commerce; Hollister; Cass L.; Oxbow; Fourtowns; Sylvan; Oakland; Macomb; Clarkston; Clinton V.; Waterford; Eames; Plains; Alberto; Mount Vernon; Goodison; Rochester; Three Mile; Myrtle; Walled Lake; Walled L.; Walnut L.; Franklin; Beddow; Walnut; Oak Grove; Orchard Lake; Circl;e Big Beaver; Colerain; Clinton R.; Mt. Clemens; Chesterfield; Waldenburg; Washington; Daviso; Ray Cen.; Newhaven; Goodison; Clawson; Warren; Centerline; Frasier; Cady; Colerain; Pt. Huron; Dickinson Isl.; San Soui; Hansons Isl.; Algonac; Pear Beach; St. Clair; Peters; Calton;s Casco; Omo; Mt. Clemens Sta.; Walpole Isl.; Benton; Wadsworth; Waukegan; Lake Forest; Highland Pa.; Glencoe; Evanston; South Evanston; Illin; Lake; Rondout; Nor. W'N.; Stevensville; Vineland; GlenL ord; Hill Top; St. Joseph; Benton Harbor; Twelve Cors.; Hagar; West Casco; Springgrove; Hawkhead; Leisure; Black R.; South Haven; Long Siding; Fruitland; Packard; Covert; Elmwood; Van Buren; Windermere; Blakes; Pawpaw Lake; Coloma; Riverside; Millburg; Bainbridge; Spinks Cors.; Pennyann; Sister L.; Keeler; Sister Lakes; Carl; Hollywood; Berby Inchman; Carden; Stemm; Eau Claire; Nadmi; Pipestone; Dowagiue; Cushing; Glenwood; Volinia; Banksons L.; Grass Lake; Marcellus; Round L.; Cedar L.; Schoolcraft; Barrison; Lake Cora; Lawrence; Toquin P.O. or Paw Paw Jc.; Paw R.; Pinegrove Mills; Gobleville; Barlamont; Bloomingdale; Kendall; Mentha; Alamo; Cooper Sta.; Agenta; E. Cooper; Kalamazoo; Lauren Lake; Miller; Oshte Mo; Walker; Eassom; Brighton; Austin Lake; Prarie; Ronde; Pleasant L.; Dowagiae R.; Decatur; Howardsville; Moorepark; Partage; Parkville; Flowerfield; Vicksburg; Pavilion; Indian Field; Paper Mill; Nazareth; Streeter; Highland; Williams; Brownell; Scott Lake; Chicora; Chesire; Merson; Abronia; Kalamazo R.; Hooper; Neely; Silvercreek; Doster; Prarier V.; Milo; Bressey; Gull Lake; Merson; Chesire; Horseshoe; Pullman; Lee; Leesburg; Howardsville; Moorepark; Portage Lake; Mendon; Parville; Mattawan; Newbre; Texas; Pike L.; Pavilion; Pinecreek; Indian L.; Fulton; Athens; Climaz; Renton; Nazareh; Comstock; Augusta; Richaldn; Yorkville; Bedford Sta.; Base; Bedord; Penfield; Galesburg; Paper Mill; Cicksburg; Abscota; Calhoun; Battle Cr.; Nickols; Beadle P.O. or Beadle Lake; Wheatfield; Cerebco; Rice Cr.; Marshall; Marengo; Albion; Wilderville; Starlet; Sonomoa; Jorpa; E. Leroy;Tekonsha; Osborn; Burlington Sta.; Browns Sid.; S. Butler; Clarendon; Homer; Eckford; Condit; Bath Mills; N. Concord; Springport; Ottercreek; Ducklake; Duck L.; Partello; Gonyis; Penfield; Hickory Cors.; Assyria; Lacey; Banfield; Bellevue; Ceylon; Ainger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Brookfield; Charles Worth; Eaton Rapids; East Springport; Bandstone; Parma; Spring Cr.; Pulaski; Grover; Pulaski; Stonypoint; Legnidas; Mendon; Girard; Hoduck; Union City; Butler; Litchfield; S. Butler; Mosherville; Milnes; Scipio Moscow; Jerome; Bankers; Calhoun; Jackson; Jackson; Henrys Crg; Van Horn; Rives Jc.; Munith; Leslie; Winfield; Onodaga; Bunkerhill; Lowe L.; Unadilla; Gregory; Bruin L.; Plainfield; Anderson; Pinch; Spring Arbor; Reynolds; Concord; Pulaski; Cedarbank; Somerset; Haires; Ryder; Ackerson; Horton; Liberty; Hanover; Brooklyn & Watkins; Manchester; Norvell; Sharonville; Vineyad L.; Vampler L.; M. Jc.; Bullis; Lakeland; Mill Cr.; Francisco; Grass Lake; Michigan Cen.; Eldred; Napleon; Sharonville; Manchester; Gillet L.; Goose L.; Prison Side Tr.; Roots; Lit. Portage L.; Cranberry L.; Clark Lake; Clark L.; Johnson; Big Portage L.; Addison; Cement City; Cambridge; Springville; Devils L.; Lake Rest; Onstead; Pentecost; Sand L.; Putnam; Cowham; NDR.R; Chelsea; Waterloo; South L.; Lima; Fredonia; Hamburg; Webster; Northfield; Whitmore L.; Salem; Worden; Reshton; Dixboro; Cherryhill; Geddes; Ann Arbor; Ypsilanti; Delhi Mills; Scio; Fosters; Geer; W.L. Sta.; Washtenaw; Saline; Bridgewater; River Raisin; York; Orania; Stonycreek; Milan; M. Jc.; Watkins; W. Suimpter; Whitaker; Willis.; Belleville; Rawsonville; Wiard; Denton; Canton; Wayne Jc.; Nankin; Plymouth; Clinton; Lakeridge; Macon; Tecumseh; Stevens; Cone; Azalia; Britton; Ralsinville; Salt R.; Milan Jc.; Exeter; London; Maybee; Oakville; Carleton; Briar Hill; Scofi Note: Title: Michigan Keywords: Fennville; Peach Belt; Ganges; Douglas; Saugatuck; East Saugstuck Hamilton Hilliad's; Monterey; Hopkins; Burnip's Cor.; Burnip's Cor.; Fillmore Cen.; Diamond Spr.; Overisel; Grominget; East Saugstuck; Zoeland; Drenthe; Forest Cr.; Jamestown; Gitchell; Byron; Hudsonville; Zurphen; New Holland; Beaver Dam P.O. or Vriesland; Zuephen;Dorr; Moline; New Salem; Groningen; Hundsonville; Dutton; Byron Cen.; Ross; Corinth; Moline; Burnip's Cor.; Diamond Sps.; Ventura; North Holland; Grand Rapids; LIsbon; Enghlish; Alpine; Belmont; Austurlitz; Wright; Pleasant; Ula; Mill cr.; Cahapel; S. Grand Rapids; Indian Cr.; Kinney; Ada; Lamont; Bass River; Eastman V.; Gooversville; Spoon V.; Berlin; Knight; N. Newberg; Hartewellville; Perry; Morrice; Byron; Glass River; Shaftsburgh; Bennington; Corunna; Chapin; Oakley; Layton; Elk; Montrose; Birch Run; Blackman; Foster; Taymouth; Shiawasse River; Chesaning; Lentz Fergus; Tyner; Eastwood P.O. or Garfield; Paires; S. Saginaw; Saginaw E.S.; Bridgeport; Humfield; Gera; Orrville; Hemlock; Randall; Lawndale; Frost; Merrill; Phillips; Carrollton; Arthus; Greens; Melbourne; Gratiot; Ithaca; LaFayette; Bad Riv.; St. Louis; Elm Hall; Newark; Northstar; Middleton; Pampei; Ola; Spring Brook; Du Plain; Fowler; Union Home; Maple Rapids; Laporte; Freeland; Breckenridge; Wheeler; Hubbard; Due; Edenville; Alamando P.O. or Dor; Sanford; Pine River; Butman; McClure; Bently; Rhodes; Estey; Mountforest; Tobacco R.; Highwood; Cedar; Grand Fks; Principal; Tillabawass; Ogemaw; Beaver Lake; Campbells; Corners; Corrigan; Whittemore; Prescott; Greenwood; Welch; Long Lake; Smith Jc.; Maltbys; Damon; Woodrow; Rose City; Piper; Beaver Lake; Oscoda; Ottawa Sta.; Agnew; West Olive; Port Sheldon; North Holland; S. Blendon; E. Paris; Croshy P.O. or Bowen; Fishers Sta.; Dinnison Reno; Harrington; Grand Haven; Ferrysburg; Kirk's Jc.; Spring Lake; Nunica; Big Spring; Conklin; Rockford; Sprin; Edgerton; Reeds; Cedar Sprs.; Kent City; Gooding; Harrisburg; G. Blocum Gr.; Fruitport Jc.; Harckley; Gilchrist; N. Manistique Lake; Manistique River; Hiawatha; Sturgeon Hole; Big Spring; Hubbell Jc.; Schoolcraft; Sage; Soo Junction; Hendrie; McMillan; Newberry; Dollarville; Senoy; Camp; Driggs; Creighton; State Road; Wards; Star Y.; Liston; Grand Marias Jc.; Bennett; Beaver; Summit; Grand Marais; Deer Park; Two Hearted River; Carp River; Shelldrake R.; Emerson; Taquamenon; East Br.; W. Brach.; Shore; Pt. Au Sable; Grand Sable; Sheldrake R.; Sucker River; Grand Marais Han; Trading Post; Montreal River; Pt. Aux Mines; Mica Bay; Copper Mine Pt.; Montreal Isl.; Pt. Mamainse; Pt. Pancake; Backewayoun; Pt. Garbay Island; Dalton; Twin Lake; Grant Station; Scottsville; Tallman; Carey; Totten; Ellsworth; Osceola Jc.; Naubinway Jc.; Slaytons; Judge; Nor. Br.; Alexander; Grayling; Appenzell; Red Oak; Comins; Ryno; Au Sable River; Mack City; Imlay; Luzerne; Royce; Big Creek; Jack Fine; Perer Cheney P.O. or Cheney; Crawford; Maple Grove; Red Oak; Freeland; Saginaw Jc.; Phillips Bay; Melbourne; Frankenlust; Amelith Salzburg; Brooks; Monitor; Kawkawlin; N. Williams; Auburn; Laredo; Fisherville; Wheatfield; Nichols; Ceresco; Renton; Sonoma; West LeRoy; Pine Cr.; East LeRoy; Abscota; Tekonsh; Burlington; Athens; B. Sta.; Marshall; Wilder V.; Eckford; Clarendon; Homer; St. Joseph; Ion; Waselpi; Nottawa; Colon Jc.; Mendon; Leonidas; Portage Lake; Factoryville; Dominion of Canada; Pigeon Bay; Knob Isl.; Pie Island; Thunder Bay; Thunder Cape; National Mine; New England Ms.; Morgan; Havey; Covolay; Sand River; Goose Lake; Cascade Jc.; Garvey; Sands; Palmer; Iron Bay; Short Pt.; Gordon; Fish R.; R. Au Sable; Marquette; Caslcade Jc.; Republic; Granite; Sands; Cheshire Jc.; Martin; Cyr; Helena; Turin P.O. or McFarland; Lathrop; Rock P.O.; or Maple R.; Campbell; Escanaba River; Ford River; Metropolitan; Calumet Mine; Hylas; Sturgeon R.; Foster City; Floodwood; Witbeck; Swanzy; Plains; Veriver; Brampton; Faunus; Perkins; Quinnesee; Norway; Appleton Mine; Summit Cedar; Olytie; Power; Spalding; Wilson; Houles; Indian T.; DeLoughary; Harris; Barkville P.O. or Bark River; Narenta; Hyde P.O. or Ford Riv. Sta.; Pine Ridge; Ford River; West Gladston; Well P.O.; V. Escannaba; Felch Jc.; Schaffer; Alecto; Whitney; Dryads; Cunard; Bermans V.; Pombina P.O. or Faithorn Jc.; Kloman; Nadeau; Carney; Bagley; Talbot; Menominee River; Johnson Spur; Kells; Fisher; Relay Sta.; Daggett; Stephenson; Ingalls; Cedar River; Western; Kitson; Grand Rapids; Nokwebay Lake; Menominee; Wallace; Carbondale; Birch Creek; Chambers Isl.; Pt. Rochereau; Ellison Bay; Flowerfield; Moorepark; Parkville; Three Rivers; Centre V.; Florence; Fabius; White Pigeon; Sturgis; Fawn River; Burr Oak; Klinger's; Mottville; Constantine; Kent; Parnell; Alton; Fallassburg; Grand River; Lowell; Whitney V.; Alto; Labarge Bowne; Bristol; Cark P.O. or Irons; Clement Jc.; Sable R.; Freesoft; Fountain; Big Sable Lake; Pousen; Siddons; Grand; Big Pt. Sable; Pt. Sable; Licoln; Gurnee; Manistee; Oakhill; Filer City; Stronach; East Lake; High Bridge; Onekama Jc.; Brookfield; Portage Lake; Conger; Yuma;Pyramid Pt.; Elk Rapids; Mapleton; Hatchs Cry.; Archie; East Yba; Angell; Old Mission; Keswith; Suttons Bay; Old Mission Pt.; Carp Lake; Leland; South Manitou; Manitou Isl.; Leelanau; Grand Traverse Bay; Bellows Isl.; Northport Pt.; Torch L.; Creswe Jc.; Gills Pier; Cat Head Village; Cat Head Pt.; North Manitou Isl.; Norwood; South Fox Isl.; North Fox Isl.; Patmos; Big Beaver Is.; Beaver Har.; Gull Isl.; High Isl.; St. James; Hog Isl.; Hat Isl.; Garden Isl.; Squaw Isl.; Trout Is..; Pt. Seal Choix; Whisky Isl.; Hunt Spur; Scott Pt.; Orville; Pt. Patterson; Pike Lake; Hughes Pt.; Gulliver; Pike Lake; Viola P.O. or Yatton; Ivan; Fife Lake; Dempsey; Fletcher; Wellington; Sharon; Sands; Lodie; Amity; Saunders; Spencer; Grofton; South Boardman; Kalkaska; Boardman R.; Liephart; Coldspring; Excelsior; Leetsville; Clearwater P.O. or Ricker; Westwood; Rapid City; Barkercreek; Rugg; Alden; Antrim; Bellaire; Stover; Wetzell; Mancelona; Helena; Aabee; Arkona; Stover; Bellaire; Torch Lake; Finkton; Chestonia; Rockery; Simons; Pt. Bliss; Praha; Jordan; Echo; Eastport; South Arm; East Jordan; Advance; Pine Lake; Doyles; Whites Camp; Boyne Falls; Thumb Lake; Dwight; Cambria Mills; Pittsford; Prattville; Lenawee; Holloway; Palmyra; Fairfield; Jasper; Weston; South Fairfield; Ottawa Lake; Blissfield; Riga; Lenawee; Palmyra; Groman; Detroit Jc.; Adrian; Wellsville; Sisson; Raisin Con.; Sutten; Ridgeway; Britton; Tecumseh; Lakridge; Macon; Clinton; Newburg; Tipton; Springville; Pentecost; ONsted; Stodda L.; Woodstock; Gould P.O. or Corinne; Bovee; Engadile; Greylock; Naubirway; Biddle Pt.; Stony Pt.; Manistique River; S. Manistique Lake; Rapin V.; Rudder Head Pt.; Parisien Island; Maple Isl.; White Fish Pt.; White Fish Bay; Averill; Hamblen; Bedell; Cummings; Loehne; Due; Hubbard; Porter; Bradford; Pleasant Valley; Wright; Hope; North Bradley; Linwood; Tobico; W. Bay Cy.; Brinks; Phillips; Salt Riv.; Forest Hill; Shepherd; Strickland; Rowland; Baintons; Lakeside; Glendora Hills; Corslana; Verrien Sprs.; Bridgman; La Grange; Newburg; Lit. Pra. Rond; Volinia; Dowagiac; Wakelee; Howardsvills; Volinia; Cushing; Pipestone; Naomi; Hartman; Eau Claire; HInchman; Royalton; Scotdale; Sodus; Somerleyton; Hollywood; Derby; Stevensville; Glen Lord; St. Joseph; Benton Harbor; Napier; Spinks Cors.; Sister Lakes; Decatur; Leesburg P.O. or Chamberlaine; Watervliet; Prospect Lake; Lawton; Lake Cora; Lawrence; Coloma; Hartford; Paw Paw; Mattawan; Glendale; Almena; Van Buren; McDonald; Waverly; Kendall; Williams; Gobleville; Bangor; Breedsville; Brown's Mills; Packard; Covert; Toquin; Lacota; ibbie; Grand Jc.; Columbia; Bloomingdale; Pine Gr. Mills; Alamo; Kendall; Williams; Plainwell; Cheshire; Lee; Spring Grove; West Oasco; Glenn; Pearl; Swan Cr.; Bravo; Allega; Abronia; Kellogg; Watson; Lake; Dunningville; Dushville; Weidman; Alembic; Bundy; Leaton; Delwin; Almando P.O. or Dor; Coleman Wise; Calkinsville P.O. or Rosebush; Van Decar; Sherman City; Farwell; Brinton; Wade; Beaverton; Highwood; Cedar Grand Fks.; Grout; Standish; Mackinaw; St. Ignace; Pt. St. Ignace; Groscap; Pt. au Chene; Brevort; Moran; Epoufette; Pines P.O. or Palms; Ozark; Stalwart; Pickford; Gassy Pt.; Lime Isl.; Burnt; St. Vital; Pt. Detour; Duncan City; Douglas Lake; Geyeville; Mullet Lake; Cheboygan Lake; Ocqueoc; Rogers; Quarry; Forty Mile Pt.; Hammonds Bay; Koehler; Mullet Lake; Ball; Pellston; Bushville; Topinabee; Burt Lake; Diver; Wolverine; Pigeon River; Vanderbilt; Boyne Falls; Thumb Lake; Whites Camp; Trowbridge; Springvale; Bear Lake Jc.; Boyne; Clarion; Petoskey; Epsilon; Littlefield; Crooked Lake; Bayview; Conway; Alanson; Oden; Ayr; Brutus; Haybart; Ely; Canby; Pierce Lake; Bliss; Carp Lake; Pack Sid; Blong; Rainy Lake; May Lak Jc.; McPhee; Austins Sid.; Case; Onaway; Allis; Berryville; Otsego L.; Wrights L.; Frederic; Bankers; Worth White Feather; Saganin; Potato River; Sumnerton; Parkinson; Banks; Wynian; Barry; Nashville; Kalamo; Maple Gr.; Dowling; Lacey; Johnstown; Assyria; Hickory Cors.; Delton; Banfield; Milo Cressy; Hickory Cors.; Prichardville; Quimoy; Hasings; Morgan; Coat's Grove; Bowen's Mills; Gun Lake; Yankee Spr.; North Irving; Carlton Cen.; Woodland; Freeport; Rock Elm; Carpenter; Ironton; Charlvoix; Cherrie; Inwood; Petoskey; Epsilon; Littlefield; Jowy; Bear Lake Jc.; Springvale; Bear Lake; Boyne; Crooked Lake; Little Traverse Bay; Harbor Springs; Conway; Alanson; Oden; Weqnetousing; Appleton; Pleasant View; Brutus; Ayr; Hughart; Goodhart; Emmet; Pierce Lake; Bliss; Canby; Cross Village; Middle Village; Topinabee; Burt Lake; Crawford;Eaton Rapids; Olivet; Charlesworth; Brookfield; Bellevue; Lake Superior; Washington Har.; Rainbow Cove; Grand-Portage Bay; Siskowit Bay; Island Mine; Minong; Amyygdaloid; Steam Boat Isl.; Conoe Rocks; Siskowit Isl.; To Keweenaw Co; Isle Royale; Motts Isl.; Shaws Isl.; Smithwicks Isl.; Scovilles Pt.; Blakes Pt.; Passage Pt.; Gull Isl.; Chippewa Harbor; Millbrook; Blanchard; Rowland; Dushville; Mt. Pleasant; Bundy; Weidman; Remus; W. Millbrook P.O. or Millbrook Sta.; Sylvester; Rustford; Morley; Altona; Stanwood; Coral; Maple Valley; Mecosta; Rodney; Rienzi; Marshfield; Big Rapids; Winchester; Big Rapids; Stimson Jc.; Fork; Barryton; Deciple; Weaver; Chippewa; Paris; Grapo; Emerald Lake; Osceola; Headland; Sears; Muskegon Riv.; Orono P.O. or Milton; Penasa; Brazil; Hersey; Crooked Lake; Headland; Plaster Mill; Ashton; Deer Lake; Avondale; Tempie; Rose Lake; Tustin; Dighton; Marion; Center Lake; Milburn; Frtelingville; Park Lake; Osceolo Jc.; Missaukee; Lake City; Houghton Lake; Falmouth; Vogel Center; Edson Corners; Galt; Lucas; McBain; Round Lake Jc.; Garfield; Houghton Lake; Missaukee; Star City; Nixon; Cutcheon; Stittsville; Higgins Lake; Stratford; Moorestown; Pioneer; Morey; Kalkaska;Jackson; Paddleford; Withington; Trist; Henrietta Sta.; Munith; Michigan Cen.; Leom; Grass Lake; Francisco; Napoleon & Norvell; L. Watkins; Johnson; Brooklyn; Cambridge; Cedarbank; Liberty; Somerset; Horton; Clarks Lake; Hanover; Stoney Pt.; Pulaski P.O.; Wheelerton; Snyder; Wilsons; Parma; Sandstone P.O. or Trumbull; Bath Mill; Albion; Spring Arbor; Concord; Roots; East Springport; Devereaux; Vanhorns; Minard; Arland Rives Jc.; Otter Cr.; Ingham; Dansville; White Oak; Bunker Hill; Stockbridge; Leslie; Ritchburgh; Onondaga; Winfield; Aurelius; Mason; Webberville; Williamston; Meridian; Holt; Packard; Okemos Sta.; Okemos; Trowbridge; Baskett; Alverson; Locke; Lansing; Shiwasee; W. Haven; Byron; Hazelton; Henderson; Elsie; Carland; L. Superior; Lake Independence; Huron Is.; Hudson River Pt.; Pine Bay & Riv.; Salmon Trout R.; Big Bay & Pt.; Yellow Dog River; Silver Lake; Granite Isl.; Granite Point; Middle Island; Dead River; Middle Island; Preque Island; Marquettte; Iron Bay; Haylows; Grand View; River Bagdad; Eagle Mills; Carp; Negaunee; Otis Lake; Westville; Fish Lake; Stillwell; North Liverty; Sumption Pra.; Crms Pt.; St. Joseph; Misha wake; Adamsville; Truitts; Bertrand; South Bend; Bakertown; Warren; Rolling Pra.; Michigan City; New Carisle; Galien; Three Oaks; Avery; Dyton; Buchanan; Edwardsburg; Union; Elkhart; St. Joseph.; Goshen; Waterford; Redfield; Day; Calvin; Brownsville; Barron Lake; Dailey; Cassopolis; Vandalia; Williamsviille; Calvin; Constantine; Fariland; Niles; New Troy; Harbert; Union Pier; Sawyer; New Buffalo; New Richmond; Lake Harbor; Pickands Jc.; Port Sherman; North Muskegon; Lakeside; Mustegon; Edgerton; Casnovia; Velzy; Bailey; Sand Lake; Ashland Lake; Pierson; Maple Hill; Trent; Canada Cor.; North Muskegon; Big Rapids Jc.; Caledonia; Logan; Alaska; McCoris; Ada; Cascade; Croshy P.O. or Bowen; Fishers Sta.; Dutton; W. Carlisle; Bryon Cen.; Ross; Corinth; Jension; Grand V.; S. Grand Rapids; Kinney; Indian Cr.; Mill Cr.; Cannonsburg; Grattan; Bostwick; Belmont; Austurlitz; Childsdale; Pleasant; Ula; English; Rockford; White Swan; Oakfield; Oakfield Cen.; Reeds; Cortland; Ishpeming Sta.; Winthrop Jc.; St. Lawrence; Champion; Diskno; C. Jc.; Clarkson; Greenwood; Stoneville; Goodruth Mill; Midway; Anger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Kalamo; Carlisle; Chester; Vermontville; Potterville; West Windsor; Shaytown; Roxana; Millett; Hoytville; Sunfield; Mulliken; Bismarck; Branch; Lester; California; Kinnerhook; Gilead; Noble; East Gilead; Bethel; Batavia; Ion; Mattison; North Batavia; Allen Sta.; Orangeville; Girard; Litchfield; Hillsdale; L. Odessa; Filmore; Parmelee; Middleville; Calhoun; Bedford; Penfield; Convis; Convis Cen.; Duck Lake; Partello; Base; Marengo; Michigan Isl.; Outer Isl.; Oronte Bay; Montreal; Troute Lake; Alexander; Fibre; Rudyard; Barbeau; Rapids; St. Joseph; Iland Lake; Rapids; Great Lake George; Fibre; Alexander; Stalwart; Gatesville; Prentis Bay; Search Bay; St. Martins; Big St. Martins Isl.; Mackinac Isl.; Bois Blanc Isl.; Pt. au Pins; Freedom Pt. au Sable; Duncan City; Lockwood; Nelson; Griswold; Sand Lake; Velzy; Casnovia; Cedar Sprs.; Kent City; Gooding; Edgerton; Sparta; Rockford; Ionia; Webbers; Collins; Maple; Lyons; Chandler; Algodon; Clarksville; S. Cass; Bonanza; Rosin; Woodbury; Danby; Campbell; West Campbell; Sebewa; West Sebewa; Portland; Orange; Maple; Stanton Jc.; Miriam; Smyrna; Orleans; Muir; Pewamo; Corners; Matherton; Hubbardston; Bloomer; Shiloh; Chalwick; Palo; Butternut; Vickersville; Stanton; Crystal; Cosby's Mills; Colby; Sidney; Pt. Richards; Greenville; Amsden; Fenwick; Ashley; Kiddville; Otisco; Montcalm; Kendallville; Westville; Riverdale; Ferris; Tews Mills; Vestaburg; Forest Hill; Ceda Lake; Wynian; Rowland; Dushville; Cato; Six Lakes; Edmore; Rustford; Carp Lake; Cheboygan; Pierce Lake; Bliss; Canby; Straits of Mackinac; Bridgeton; Jericho; Muskegon R.; Childsdale; Flower Creek; Montague; Whitehall; Sweets; Whitehall; Sitka; Brooks; Newaygo; Fremont Lake; Worcester Hill; Wooster P.O.; Denver; Etna; White Cloud; Big Prairie; Lumberton; Vincent; Howard; Woodville; Keno; Phelph Mill Brookings; Doyle City; Park Vincent; Stimson; Grapo; Hawkins; Cooks Sta.; Barton; McDaffies Mill; Lilley; Riteley; Norway Hall; Stiles; Abbott; Peachville; Elbridge; Tigris; Walkerville; Cob Moss Sa.; Hesperia; Holton; Brunswick P.O. or County Line; Rothbury; Clay Bank; Benona; Marshville; Peachridge; Ociana; Newaygo; Volney; Allencreek; Kirk; West Troy; Sisson; Hawkins; Grapo; Fern; Woodburn; Crystal Valley; Smiths Cors; Spring Creek; Pentwater; Hart; Mears; Houseman; Golding; Fairview; Wesley; Stiles; Reed Cy.; Chase; Flint; Nirvaua; Forman; Baldwin; Bennett P.O. or Stearns; Raiguel; Deer Lake; Luther; Lake; Branch; Manistee Jc.; Marble; Weldon Cr.; Custer; Marble; Buttersville; Ludington; E. Riverton; Amber; Pere Cheney P.O. or Cheney; Wellington; S. Br.; Jack Fine; Crawford River; Grayling; Appenzell; Alexander; Bankers; Slaytons; Judge; Nor. Br.; Frederic; Roscommon; St. Helen; Ogemaw Sprs.; Prudenville; Edna; Houghton Lake; Higgins Lake; Achill; Clare; Harrison; Levington; Dodge; Arnold Lake; Frost; Eyke; Meredith; Summerfield; Upton; Winterfield; Aux Galets Is.; Carplake; Waugoshance Is.; Straits of Mackinac; Mackinaw; Pt. St. Ignace; St. Ignace; Groscap; Pt. au Chene; Brevort; Mackinac Isl.; S. Channell; Freedom; pt. au Sable; Carp Lake; Cheboygan; Douglas Lake; Wellston P.O. or Doubling; Camp Douglas Rioe; Clement; Clement Jc.; Peters; Ferndale; Willville; Conley; Sugargrove; Victory; Ruggles; Olga; Plumb Isl.; North Bay; Mud Bay; Menekaunee; Bagley Jc.; Peshtigo River; Peshtigo; Marine; Cavolt; Peshtigo Har.; Egg Harbor; jacksonport; Baileys Harbor; Mud Bay; Cave Pt.; White Fish Bay; Sturgeon Bay; Clay Banks; Forestville; Annapee; Red River; Namur; Brookside; Pensaukee; Oconto; Kewaunee; Alaska; Sandy Pt.; Tisch Mills; Nero; Mishicot; Neshota; Two Rivers; Manitowoc; Manitowoc Rapids; Cato; Branch; Manitowoc; Kellnersville; Mishicot; Kasson; Rosecrans; Tisch Mills; Denmark; Green Bay; Lincoln; Elllisville; Brown; Newtonburg; Newton; Hika; Millhom; St. Marianz; Stienthat; Des Plaines; South Northfield; Ravenswood; Maplewood; Maywood; Riverside; Englewood; Blue Is.; Kensington; Hyde Park; Grand Crossing; South Chicago; Chicago; Colehour; Edgemoor; Pine Sta.; Forsyth; Farnessville; Miller's Sta.; Chesterton; Hageman; Bake; Porter; Tolleston; Homewood; Wab. St L. & Pac.; Chi. & A.; Beasy's; Laporte;Harvard; Lorenzo; Spencer's Mill; Tnorp; Harriette; Ann; Boon; Onekama Jc.; State Road; Biglow; Bear Lake; Pierport; Chief P.O. or Chief L.; Conger; Marilla; Yates; Lemon L.; Farmsworth; Harlan; Pomona; Copemish; Missen City; Wesford; Sherman; Mesick P.O.; or Sherman Sta.; Gilbert; Wexford; Menuwataka; Arcadia; Homestead; Smeltzer; Gorvivan; Watervale; Bendon; Hannah; Green Lake; Monroe Cen.; L. Brewster; Kingsley; Beitner; Mayfield; Ketsone; Silver Lake; Boardman R.; Acme; Bay Bates; East Angell; Yuba; Archie; Solon; Fouchs; Cedar; Carp Lake; Maple City; Kusson; Oviatt; Osborn; Cedarrun; Empire Dock; Empire; Lake Ann; Traverse Rasort; Neal; Norrisville; Frankfort; Crystal Cy.; South Frankfort; Gorivan; Glen Lake; Glen Arbor; Good harbor; Shetland Carp.; Bingham; Sleeping Bear Pt.; North nity; Levering; Riggsville; Pellston; St. Ignace; Pt. St. Ignace; Straits of Mackinac; Mackinaw; Brevort Moran; Pines P.O. or Palms; Epoufette; Lewis; Trout Lake; Alexander; Iroquis; Bay Mills Sta.; Wellsourg; Rexjora; Eckerman; Soo Junction; Hendrie; Ozark; Fibre; Iroquois; Cheboygan; Indian River; Black River; Pigeon River; Diver; Wolverine; Mullet Lake; Sova; Gashville; Mann's Siding; L. George; Hatton; Dover; Moore's Siding; Wade; Clare; Farwell; Isabella; Calkinsville P.O. or Rosebush; Leaton; Jordan; Alembic; Crawford; Shepherd; Strickland; Salt Riv.; Parkinson; Forest Hill; Wynian; Ceda Lake; Vestaburg; McBride's; Wlwell; Sumnerton; Millbrook; Blanchard; Van Decar; Sherman City; Nero; Brinton; Riverdale; Ferris; Stanton; Crystal; Crosby's Mills; Colby; Gowen; Pt. Richards Greenville; Sheridan; Vickerville; Millers; Amsden; Belding;Eaton; Charlotte; Kingsland; Lymburns; Fairview; Curran; Grams C.; Lewiston; Otsego Lake; Waters; Thunder Bay Riv.; Hillman; Montmorency; Oscoda; Otsego; Browns Dale; Elmira; Jack Fine; Tyrell; Indian Lake; Church; Smith Jc.; Dillon; South Branch; Maltbys.; Rose City; Woodrow; Damon; Hicks; Roscommon; St. Helen; Meridian; Ogemaw Sprs.; Welch; Greenwood; Cuiver; Moffatt; Mapleridge; Shearer; Melita; Dunham; Sterling; Deepriver; Quinns; Moores Jc.; Gladwin; Principal; McClure; Tillabawass; Levington Sid.; Frost; Arnold Lake; Harrison; Edna; Houghton Lake; Edson Corners; Star City; Higgins Lake; Long Lake; Dillon; Achill; Prudenville; Piper; West Brach; Mt. Pleasant; Alembic; Cheppewa R.; Smith's Crossing; Laporte; Big Bay; Bakers; Glen Lake; Glen Arbor; Good harbor; Shetland Carp.; Bingham; Sleeping Bear Pt.; North nity; Levering; Riggsville; Note:

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Page  61-61 O;W G"ARO IYOR J9 jq "AKUSp YA1.6 ý9;0 c -AN te j9iý KýSL 0 A'fmA 0 N" GRA dlý;_ D 21 Q flepualro 04 SN H C 'lea -Spt?"C:....... ALO-" WA- lký RV, 'AlLb Pk out 0r 'CK ]r 0.9-ri L, IE Oy- DAVelvp sp rýjj)j? Cý. A IVA IF64P h., co sou 4 ELLE ) Ilk hylu - Jýjj 44t revE)y VAKms Q..-.:z QAiA) ")Vx A a-!. COIVIVE mp, AR MING.&FýIrLu...... wy. oscow CC D.4 It ACýpq 0 ýOko PPO'q ".q r Im ZRI ujJG........ -,JUL-ey ep WISTO iv V, 7 -W _. -1. - - - - -ý ý:o W. U41 co _- =- clý 0.. a 7 -Adak (j.............. A.. p iý......... -A 4t7 -77w - - -.: "ILL. ER ALP 2_;ý c 10 ý. v=; L 0 R)AN Nlc r Vc g: T'y.21 M) -C ko P a- '0 7 F k At:VIGO 'T. At zaze ---- ----------................ -A PAUIA 1) Deee;, Q. _0 r7' ly - WilvivE4, ox-IN cr G UCOA V, C) 'IF M -T, OR k EAIYO LL ECK ram Ir 'JC WjV'q:Z ý; -,, A r J ff4ýLz OA'YTO v r -8 V A-PHA cl, e CA Title: Map of the United States Keywords: Big Horn Mts.; Sheridan; Buffal; Ft. McKinney; Parkman; Wind River Range; Lander; Atlantic City; Clearmont; Gillette; Powder River; Moorcroft; Cambria; New Castle; Sundance; Aladdin; Platte Riv.; Orin; Lusk; Sunrise; Guernbey; Bordeaux; Horse Creek; Ft. Russell; Cheyenne; Burns; Hartville Jc.; Wendover; Douglas; Glen Rock; Casper; Allen Jc.; Laramie; Carbon; Centennial; Collins; Hanna; Dana; Rawlins; Creston; Red Desert; Patrick; Rock Springs; Green River; Lombard; Jefferson; Townsend; Elkhorn; Boulder Valley; Butte; Whitehall; Sappington; Norris; Laurin; Virginia; Dillon; Silverbow; Stuart; Anaconda; Calvin; Deer Lodge; Phillipsburg; Grantsdale; Hamilton; Crab Tree; Wyoming; Yellowstone National Park; Shoshone Mts.; Thermopolis; Bull R.; Stinking Water R.; Cody; Frannie; Big Horn Riv.; No Water Cr.; Claremont; Burlington; Flagler; Cheyenne; Wells; Kit Carson; Hugo; Ramah; Limon; Falcon; Colorado Sprs.; Palmer L.; Elizabeth; Coloardo Cy.; Manitou; Pikes Pk.; Cripple Cr.; Buena Vista; London; Como; Granite; Aspen; Gunnison; Baldwin; Crested Butte; Ruby; Anthracite; Aspen Jc.; Leadville; Red Cliff; Grand Jc.; Delta; Montrose; Lake Jc.; Aberdeen; Farlin; Monarch; Salida; Canyon Cy.; Pinon; Pueblo; Nepesta; Ordway; Galatea; Sweetwater R.; Granger; Green R.; Big Piney; Sage; Waterfall; Bridger; Colorado; Hahns Peak; Bear R.; White R.; Meeker; Glenwood Sprs.; Gypsum; New Castle; Red Cliff; Central Cy.; Idaho Sprs.; Georgetown; Frisco; Ft. Logan; Golden; De Beque; Denver; Lafayette; Sunset; Boulder; Erie; Longmont; Arkin; Brighton; Loveland; Stout; Ft. Collins; Ft. Lupton; Greeley; Gardin; Carr; Grover; Buckingham; Willard; Sterling; Holyoke; Fleming; Crook; Laird; Yuma; Akron; Brush; Goodrich; Ft; Morgan; Wiggins; Hudson; Scranton; Byers; Agate; Cannon Ball R.; South Dakota; Ashcroft; Pollock; Eureka; Aberdeen; Ipswich; Roscoe; Bowdle; Evarts; Faulkton; Conde; Moreau River; Gold Beach; Jacksonville; Range; Salem; Blue Mts.; Idaho; Bonners Ferry; Sand Point; Rathdrum; Courdaline; Murray; Mission; Chatsworth; Pt. of Rocks; Kramer; Mojave; Barstow; Daggett; Borate; Haslett; Ash Hill; Goffs; Purdy; Vanderbilt; Danby; Needles; San Bernardino Mts.; Pasadena; Monrovia; Chino; Los Angeles; Santa Monica; Redondo; San Pedro; Orange; Pomona; Santa Anita; Corona; Colton; Riverside; Redlands; San Bernardino; Chino; Santa Catalina Isl.; San Nicolas Isl.; San Clemente Isl.; San Juan; Perris; San Jacinto; Seven Palms; Salton; San Jacinto; San Juan; Temecula; L.A. Jc.; Fall Brook; Escondido; Tortuga; Fosters; San Diego; National City; La Presa; Tia Juana; Coronado; Arizona; Grand Colorado; Canon River; White Hills; Peach Sprs.; Hackberry; Kingman; Chloride; Seligman; Ash Fork; Williams; Flagstaff; Canon Diablo; Little Colorado R.; St. Joseph; Holbrook; Navajo; Houck; Jerome Jc.; Prescott; Jerome; Winslow; Mayer; Congress; Jc.; Wickenburg; Colorado Riv.; Peoria; Phoenix; Black R.; Fort Apache; Tempe; Mesa; Globe; Estrella; Gila R.; Morenci; Clifton; Dungan; Gila Bend; Gila River; Yuma; Tacna; Chrystoval; Sentinel; Maricopa; Cas Grande; Red Rock; Rillito; Tucson; Benson; Quijotoa; S. Pedro R.; Solomonsville; Thatcher; Pima; Ft. Thomas; San Carlos; Florence; Bowie; Wilcox; Cochise; Fairbank; Huachuca; Crittenden; Harrison; Wardner; Mullan; Wallace; Bitter Root Mts.; Moscow; Genesee; Kendrick; Juliaetta; Ahsahka; Lewiston; Grangeville; Mt. Idaho; Snake Riv.; Salmon Riv.; Salmon; Council; Indian Valley; Challis; Beaver; Weiser; Payette R.; Placerville; St. Anthony; Idaho City; Mackey; Arco; Ketchum; Hailey; Bellevue; Shoshone; Wapi; American Falls; Pocatelllo; Blackfoot; Idaho Falls; Rexburg; Nampa; Boise; Emmett; Caldwell; Murphy; Mountain Home; Delamar; Silver City; Rock Creek; Albion; Shoshone Falls; Malad City; Swan Lake; Bear R.; Paths; Preston; Montpelier; Soda Springs; Blackfoot; Market Lake; Montana; Kootena; Jennings; Farmington; Tekoa; Cheney; Odessa; Davenport; Spokane; Springdale; Colville; North Port; Okanogan R.; Lake Chelan; Washington; Grand Forks; Greenwood; Rossland; Trail; Robson; Nelson; Penticton; Marysville; Beaver; Junction; Panguitch; Parowan; Escalante; Monticello; Bluff; San Juan River; Kanab; St. George; Cedar City; Uvada; Lund; Frisco; Milford; Nevada; Goose Lake; Desert; Smoke Cr. Desert; Mill City; Winnemucca; Golconda; Iron Point; Battle Mtn.; Coin; Shoshone; Palisade; Elko; Halleck; Deeth; Wells; Ullin; Lugin; Terrace; Franklin L.; Ruby L.; Alpha; Eureka; Austin; Catons; Bridges; L. Jc.; Oreano; Pyramid Lake; Browns; Hot Springs; Wadsworth; Virginia City; Dayton; Carson City; Reno; Ft. Churchill; Mason; Gillis; Hamilton; Duck Water; Walker L.; Hawthorne; Luning; Belmont; Geyser; Hot Creek Mts.; Tonopah; Candelaria; Queen; Silver Peak; Fryberg; Caliete; Pioche; Armagosa R.; Desert Mts.; St Thomas; Moapa; Virgin Riv.; Okanogan Lake; Yale; Arrow Lake; Okanogan; Vernon Lower; Nakusp; Slocan L.; Sandon; Kasl; Kootenai Lake; Nelson; Robson; Kuskandok; Kootenai R.; Cranbrook; Crows Nest; Fernie; Magrath; Sterling; Lethbridge; Macleod; Death Valley; Freeman; Randsburg; Bakersfield; Kern; Famoso; Kern L.; Santa Maria; Guadaloupe; Olig; Coast Range; Pt. Harford; Pitt River; Madline; Smithson; Redding; North Fork; Arcata; Eureka; Ferndale; Scotia; Cape Mendocino; Blocksburg; Shasta Mts.; Red Bluff; Tehama; Honey Lake; Susanville; Amedee; Covelo; Willows; Fruto; Fort Bragg; Sherwood; Sites; Lakeport; Colusa; Sacramento R.; Chico; Oroville; Marys V.; Trunkee; Nevada City; Grass Val.; L. Tahoe; Colfax; Yuba Cy.; Auburn; Placerville; Woodland; Lakeport; Rumsey; St. Helena; Elmira; Suisun; Benicia; Le Jc.; Napa; Calistoga; Guerneville; Markham; Roswell; Capitan; Lincoln; Temoral; Lava; Carrizozo; San Antonio; San Marcial; Cutter; Cooney; Kingston; Hanover; Pinos Altos; Ft. Bayard; Silver City; White Water; Lake Valley; Nutt; Deming; Aden; Wilna; Lordsburg; Steins Pass; Las Cruces; Jarrilla; Rincon; Cox Canon; Alamogordo; Temporal; Hagerman; Miller; Carlsbad; Malaga; Pecos River; Texas; Santa Rosa; Healdsburg; Pt. Arena; Ukiah; Sherwood; Fort Bragg; Sacramento; Galt; Ione; Lodi; Valley Springs; Stockton; Mono Lake; Bodie; Oakland; Avon; Keley; Sausalit; San Rafael; San Anselm; Alameda; San Francisco; Tracy; Niles; San Mateo; Santa Clara; San Luis Obispo; Paso Robles; Pt. Arguello; Lompoc; Los Olimos; Elwood; Santa Barbara; Lancaster; Ventura; Santa Cruz Isl.; Santa Rosa Isl.; Oxnard; Saugus; Calabasas; Nogales; Naco; Tombstone; Bisbee; Douglas; New Mexico; Juan River; Aztec; Lumberton; Tierra Amarilla; Chama; Vasquez; Rio Grande Del Norte; Catskill; Blossburg; Raton; Folsom; Grenville; Clayton; Springer; Levy; Caliente; No Agua; Gallup; Wingate; Thoreau; Blue Water; Cubero; Bernalill; San Pedro; Albuquerque; Cerrillos; Santa Fe; Lamy; Fulton; Nanton; High River; Calgary; Gleichen; Kininvie; S. Saskatchewan River; Alberta; British Columbia; Saskatchewan; Medioine Hat; Malheur Lake; Owyhee R.; Stein Mts.; Harney Lake; Albert Lake; Warner Lake; Lakeview; L. Klamath L.; Klamath Lake; Upper Klamath Lake; Ashland; Medford; Eagle Point; Summer Lake; Crooked R.; Des Chutes R.; Coburg; Natron; Eugene; Cottage Grove; Yoncalla; Roseburg; Umpqua River; Marshfield; Empire; Coquille; Bandon; Myrtle Point; Cape Blanco; Port Orford; Grants Pass; Brighton; Benton; Craig; Wolf Creek; Marysville; Ft. Missoula; Desmet; Missoula; Austin; Carlan; Oreille; Flathead; Lake Thompson; Columbia Falls; Kalispell; Carlow; Summit; Peigan; Marias Riv.; Shelby Jc.; Urke; Mullan; Plains; Arlee; Quartz; Great Falls; Dolanc; Redfield; Orient; Gettysburg; Forest City; Belle Fourche; Deadwood; Spearfish; Whitewood; Sturgis; Lead; Piedmont; Black Lead Hills; Rapid City; Hill City; Keystone; Custer; Buffalo Gap; Minnekahta; Hot Springs; Buffalo Gap; Edgemont; Pine Ridge; Rosebud; White Riv.; Chamberlain; Platte; Drummond; Garrison; Helena; Neihart; Barker; Monarch; Lewistown; Flat Willow; Big Sandy; Ft. Assiniboine; Pacific Jc.; Havre; Toledo; Savoy; White Sulphur Springs; Ashefield; Hinsdale; Glasgow; Milk Riv. Missouri Riv.; Nashua; Lenox; Wolf Point; Poplar; Culbertson; Glendive; Wibaux; Yellowstone River; Fallon; Miles City; Ft. Keogh; Rosebud; Forsyth; Tongue R.; Lodge Grass; Fort Guster; Junction; Bull; Billings; Laurel; Bridger; Bowler; Red Lodge; Rockvale; Merrill; Big Timber; Livingston;Mercur; Pleasant Grove; Provo City; Springville; Spanish Fork; Utah L.; Ironton; Silver City; Eureka; Thistle; Payson; Pleasant Val.; Nephi; Moroni; Mt. Pleasant; Scofield; Price; Grassy; Green R.; Leamington; Ephraim; Mant; Castle Dale; Desert; Cisco; Moab; Green River; Fillmore; Salina; Sevier Lake; Neels; Black Rock; Mineral Range; Wasatch Mts.; Righfield; Monroe; Teasdale; Cainesville; Bonesteel; Indall; Tripp; Armour; Mitchell; Woonsocket; Pierre; Ft. Pierre; Blunt; Highmore; Miller; Wolsey; James R.; Huron; Kansas; Herndon; Atwood; St. Francis; Oberlin; Norton; Almena; Phillipsburg; Kirwin; Smith Cen.; Mankato; Long Island; Concord; Beloit; Downs; Alton; Stockton; Kirwin; Logan; Lenora; Hoxie; Colby; Goodland; Sharon Srrs.; Wallace; Winona; Oakley; Hill City; Plainville; Luray; Lincoln; Wa Keeney; Hays; Russell; Ellsworth; Salina; Smoky Hill R.; Genese; Lyons; Great Bend; Hoisington; La Crosse; Ness City; Utica; Gighton; Scott Leoti; Horace; Julesburg; Sidney; Kimball; Grant; Wallace; Curtis; Elwood; Kearney; Aurora; Grand Isl.; Central Cy.; Boelus; St. Paul; O'Neill; Verdigris; Creighton; Plainview; Norfolk; Humphrey; Ericson; Greeley; Albion; Cedar; Palmer; Stromsburg; Platte R.; York; Sutton; Harvard; Hastings; Lester; Red Cloud; Republican Cy.; Alma; Minden; Kenesaw; Holdrege; Beaver City; Republican R.; Benkllman; Culbertson; Imperial; McCook; North Dakota; Portal; Buford; White Earth; Bowsells; Stanley; Wallace; Minot; Willow City; Bottineau; Souris; St. John; Rolla; Rugby; Towner; Leeds; Cando; Churchs Fy.; Langdon; Cavalier; Hannah; Park River; Devils Lake; Aneta; Coopers T.; McHenry; Carrington; Sykeston; Evanston; Almy; Black Hills; N.; Nebraska; Dakota Jc.; Chadron; Rushville; Crawford; Hemingford; Alliance; Ellsworth; Hyannis; Mullen; Thedford; Ainsworth; Valentine; Niobrara River; Ft. Niobrara; Stuart; Bassett; Dunning; Merna; Sargent; Burwell; Ord; Broken Bow; Callaway; Aroadia; Lexington; Cozad; Vroman; North Platte; Galalla; Northport Jc.; Mitchell; Bridgeport; Devils L.; Oberon; Esmond; Minnewaukon; Fessenden; Harvey; Oltaire; Du Missouri; Washburn; Williston; Shaw; Missouri Riv.; Sentinel Butte; Medora; Dickinson; Hebron; Sims; Mandan; Bismarck; Sterling; Steele; Dawson; Medina; Amestow; Adrian; Lamoure; Oakes; Edgeley; Kulm; Monango; Ellendale; Wishek; Linton; Napoleon; Braddock; Larned; Sterling; Hutchinson; Stafford; Macksville; Jetmore; Kinsley; Dodge City; Garden Cy.; Cimarron; Lakin; Syracuse; Arkansas Riv.; Ulysses; Meade; Liberal; Bucklin; Medicine Lodge; Pratt; Kingman; Wellington; Hazelton; Kiowa; Englewood; Ashland; Codwater; Medicine Lodge; Anthony; Coolidge; Coleridge; Comberland; Albernie; Nanaimo; Chemanis; Victoria; Str. Of Georgia; Blaine; Whatcom; Fair; Haven; Anacortes; Vancouver; Westminster; Port Moody; Mission; Str. Of Juan de Euca; Cape Flattery; Flattery Rocks; Olympia; Port Angeles; Pt. Townsend; Mt. Vernon; Everett; Snohomish; Monte Cristo; Rockport; Hamilton; Boulder; Sedro Woolley; Sumas; Agassiz; Tale; North Bend; Ballard; Puget; Cape Johnson; Shelton; Coulee Cy.; Waterville; Fall City; Sallal Pr.; Roslyn; Winatchee; Ellensburg; Palmer; Buckley; Orting; Mt. Rainier; Mt. Tacoma; North Yakima; Ritzville; Connell; Elma; Tacoma; Montesano; Hoquiam; Grays Harbor; Gate; Grays Harbor; Willapa Har.; Ocosta; Centralia; Mormon R.; California; Crescent City; Pt. St. George; Montague; Yreka; Sisson; McCloud; Mt. Shasta; Rhett Lake; Alturas; Felton; Santa Cruz; San Jose; Newman; Modesto; Merced; Oakdale; Sonora; Mono Lake; Milton; Stockton; Lodi; Valley Springs; Joaquin R.; Gilroy; Hollister; Berendo; Raymond; Los Banos; Tres Pinos; Watsonville; Salinas; Monerey; Pt. Sur; Gonzales; Collis; Fresno; Pollasky; Alvord; Mt. Whitney; Keeler; Owens L.; Goshen; Visal; Hanford; Armona; San Lucas; Alcalde; San Ardo; Pt. Sur; Cape San Martin; San Miguel; Tulake L.; Tulare; Plano; Las Vegas; Hot Springs; Shoemaker; Naravisa; Logan; Tucumcari; Rountree; Santa Rosa; Puerto De Luna; San Pablo; Torrance; A.&P. Jc.; Los Lunas; Sabinal; Magdalena; Socorro; Ancho; Elida; Portales; Ft. Stanton; Campbell; Harlowton; Cinnabar; Castle; Musselshell Riv.; Bozeman; Logan; Sheridan Lake; Holly; Lamar; Springfield; Las Animas; Delhi; Trinidad; Rouse Jc.; Rouse; Cucharas Jc.; Walsenburg; Salt Cr.; West Cliffe; Florence; Orient; Villa Grove; Saguache; Moffatt; Creede; Wagon Wheel Gap; Del Norte; Alamosa; Garland; Antonit; Pagosa Sprs.; Tockwood; Silverton; Ironton; Lake City; Ouray; Ridgeway; Telluride; Vance Jc.; Rico; Dolores; Mancos; Durango; Utah; Terrace; Lugin; Kelton; Cache Jc.; Kolmar; Great Salt L.; Salt Lake Cy.; Ogden; Kaysville; Brigham; Hyrum; Logan; Smithfield; Bountiful; Echo City; Coalville; Ft. Douglas; Park Cy.; Garfield Beach; Great American Desert; Grantsville; Sandy; Tooele; Bingham; Alata; Park Cy.; Heber; Uintah Mts.; American Fork; Lehi City; Chehalis; South Bend; Oysterville; Nahcotta; Cape Dissapointmet; Kalama; Yacolt; Vancouver; Columbia R.; Golden Dale; Prosser; Paso; Connell; Wallula; Ritzville; Winona; Colfax; Pullman; Pome Roy; Starbuck; Dayton; Waitsburg; Dudley; Walla Walla; Oaksdale; Garfield; Maple Creek; Crane Lake; Swift Current; Wives Lakes; Lumsden; Qu'Appelle; Moose Jaw; Pasqua; Regina; Rouleauville; Yellow Grass; Indian Head; Grenfell; Qu'Appelle R.; Broadview; Whitewood; Weyburn; Strassburg; Yorkton; Saltcoats; Lipton; Esterhazy; Moosomin; Fleming; Arcola; Kamsack; Oxbow; Alameda; Estevan; Coteau; Melita; Reston; Soupis; Virden; Kemnay; Brandon; Deloraine; Boisselain; Carberry; Morden; Manitou; Neepawa; Minnedosa; Strathclair; Lake Dauphin; Manitoba; Dominion of Canada; Oregon; Astoria; Fort Stevens; Seaside; Portland; E. Portland; Hillsboro; Tillamook; Newberg; Cape Lookout; McMinn V.; Sheridan; Willamette R.; Cape Foulweather; Yaquina; Airlie; Toledo; Corvallis; Albany; Lebenon; Scio; Woodburg; Mt. Hood; Oregon City; Idanha; The Dalles; Biggs; Shaniko; Heppner; Willows; Umatilla; Pendleton; Athena; Milton; Elgin; La Grande; Union; Baker City; Sumpter; Durkee; John Day River; Huntington; Prineville; Burns; Ontario; Payette; Vale; Malheur R.; Note:

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Page  64-65 Dimensions of thie E~arths~,'^^^^'''^o'"N~a.ML Equatoyial Diameter.... *..,., *@.b..,T98f ^^ bsii.......**** 8 Earth's.-Axis............................7,899A~ COUNTRIES. CAPITALS. AREA.CO M R E^ p Alri.::::........." 1'2 Circumferenc.at..qua.. r............... w.. i9 9.i58,~ Squi- u gay....... in a re0924,0,6 M7,il117440(2.97,9,0 16 58600 ^^ ^ " "..****-- o 1 ^ ' 672,4 I02-0 0,5,4;-ic f oo1 ',6~ o 44S S ite::::^:^. Lad Surfac e s.e.s.......a............. 5740,5,6776966,8,0234. 364,00.66,6300606.68....***, e5o7201I58,99,00076 n ooo 6'26 2'o l.o616,00n4 g l ie a^:::: PaWa....t 000eAnari.....850o( rzl..........RoSuarfo 329.7a43391cII55e 4,9,363.21729,0.8 916 0 fiO';............ Ha u 2,4 >3o97,OooI4 u,~,940." ''^ / ooo Ausralsi Gicos....................*** Meb ur e 297 )7 Total.....n.., *Dm....of.........t.a 3,6 3, 46.,3 1, 15423 47 4 1 2 1,8 9,0909.i*8,0 1, 00 0.490,7158100,........ A ustria-12,44H2u4ng3a.ry...............o V ienna o 7, o^.7 K t nc m s ate..0...... CAtlantic.....3, AsiaO 1000 Aci..... 4,500ne.00 Bugaia Sofia......... 8,,1,0 2607352,9,8 6 31000;5 270,0 1 lo^ W i '........Te ea 2,0,0,00" " ' '" ne - 7 OO1 3706001.2M uilB..........** ** Indiran.........b 28,C lmi0...........0o oa 4 1,70,3,6,293,00444.90062/' 3u * y,.- '......L m 6573461,0 ^ 28 319,0 -27,3,0 i" ^ 7 00 6ir~a..._.....**-****** ~ Principa Slt~o Lakes. ^ CoatadRia, Dominion of...... wan 3653,9461,1 ^ 4 f 6,2:0:.2 oo< *,***::::* - bn 3.3.^29587898050 o,3^o *. ^ o ^ S ^ ^::::::: Eye......Astaia 400 7 " " Chile............. aan a 400152,9 2,6,7i...... 87o00ir9 9 100 v wo "..... uh ret 4,0.526a1~65 7,7,0 ~-3" 'n 81lio oo8.8prun2eE9 ia........ Caspian Sea........ Asia1Den,0rk0................hCopenhagn 4 52924470,,2198,43,4061 z f o.42^:0 S K **;....S.Peesug 8603412,0,1,i,7.44o,742.1Ilu* ^7:7:032 S"::: ^: ^ ^ ^! SeaofAnra;.'.'..'...Asia. 26,04 90 2 abv s* ea st Colom ias c..... Bogota 6403,0,0022093....... 1940017 1620073B ''''... a av d r,2 ~ o,4 0,393oo4^ju ''^'^i t1 2 0 0282sngm a........****** ^ Eyremah.........Ausraia. 1,o4,000 70 Go Eg p............ Cubavana 400,000 98 10567i7 0,4,7 14 0 5 006 75 51 0 ^ t~ ""..... eg a e 1,5,9,7....8,0,2 io -81 0 7 3 4,0.2Ta sal..........- *** - Titcac...... S. m. l 3,00 1284rD nance.........................hag s2en23.1,90 15,264385.26 526001.899;5w 9 *;::..***** ^30oo^ 0-001 ^6 8 ~~ 3992107 9;7:ool:~17860 0 00:::::::::::::^_ Vanro........ As a. 2, 000 5,46 41 1 Euadorl.................. Q uitom l 8291.2000,3,480,4,3.7.4,0.42~ q w ^ t......C n tn io l,18004,4,0 344 7^ o 5^ u 9 '2'o.464,2,0.9Bluhem...........^;" G reat S alt ake.;:N;.1A;. 1,875a 4.........,200uPi c 02067,06,96332,0 1292.l 2 o 663104 -7tt?...*** asigo,2560'63S>S~,; -T,? % 2 zll'73 0?4 50200 53 S::::::::;::.Uruiah.......... Asia.. I,- so400 I &-0 Eogdy ra........T g Caigalp 40,508,0,000 62,.7 2.9I33 o.7,6^ f^..*****M neie 2 1 7^ &^ 354 0^4 iooI.7Soooo2Ug n........^;:::, Dead Sea..........Asia 444 o 11 2,^ beo Iea rndca............. Pactaris 6622431, 20664lI0,o,0992 7iSioo12 4640ou ^ u ^.'-...-**** aaa 9,4 *35.o ___ ^^ ^ ^. ^ ^ ^! ^ ^ E tnlB:,......... i Ngaml l;;;;l l;;;;;;;.... I.. Afi a 350~- -".~ 3,700gii S ~ abov set G erm an B e li:24 83016 ~ g ';!I _ 15 ' g ' "? ~ *** ~ '^ M. ^ 'S ' "'~ ^ a a 'hj^ " "6 g* 8 ___ 7*,| |||._...~. ~T ^~ - ^ ^ - ^ ^ l ^N rh r i g n............. Title: Map of the World Keywords: Cape Chelyoshin; North East Cape; St. Thaddeus. Bay; Taimur Bay; Taimur Isl. L. Taimur; Khatanga Bay; Nordwik Bay; Legato R. Rapigaiskoe; Ust Anabarkoe; Olenek; Sakalova; Govriga; Anabara R.; Khota Riv; Khatang R.; Michaelova; Russian Empire; ; Seganka; Krasnoi; Shigansk; Marka R.;Turishshk; Tunguska R.; Siberia; Villiui R.; Olekminsk; Vitimsk; Angara R.; Asain; Yeniseisk; Krasnoiarsk; Bratskoi; Vitim R.; Lake; Baikal; Saiansk Mts.; Bratskoi; Irkutsk; Dzidozilik; Baikal; Chita Ono R.; Picban; Shashai; Pekin; Mukden; Urga; Aroon; Barkul; Jungaria; Selega; Uliassutai; Mongolia; East Turkestan; Chinese Empire; Vulin; Tientsin; Koko L; Tibet; Chingtu; Lassa; Singanfu; Hankau; Hoanaho or Yellow R; Vulin; Yenngan; Tienstin; Taiyuan; Nign; Tsina; Singanfu Nankin; Hankau; Wuchiang; Shanghai; G of Pechili; Pnnakh; Bhomn; India (British); Yunnan; Bhamo; Chiuaging; Mandalay; Tonkin; China; Yangtze R; Changsha; Nanchang; Queiyang; Fuchau; Queling; Canton; Macao(P.OR); Amoy; Formosa Strait; Hongkong(BR); Kwanchauwan(FR); G of Tonkin; Bay of Bengal; Kiangmaio; Rangoon; Siam; Bungkok; G of Martaoan; Mergui; Andaman Is.; Gilf of Siam; FR. INIO Chna; Hue; Cambodia; Hue; China Sea; Kiungehau; Haiman; Manila; Min doro Isl.; Palawan Isl; Baliatong; Nicobar Is.; Acheen; Sungora; Penaug; HOG I.(D); Polo Nias (D); Sumgtra (Dutch); Pen; M. Jacca; Str. of Malacca; Singapore; C. Cambodia; GT. Natunas ISL; Brune; Kuching; Elopora; Borver(BR); Brune; Awarank; Batu Isl (D); Siriu ISL. (Dur); Bencoolen; Sunda Strait; Sunda; Banka ISL.; Borneo (Dutch); Pasin; Batavia; Java Sea; Macassar; Floris Sea; Java; Surabaya; Pasir; (DUT); MALAASIA; SUNDA ISLANDS; Sumbawa ISL. (DUT.); Sandal Wood ISL. (DUT.) ; Indian Ocean; C. Preston; N.W. CAPE; Steep PT. Northampton; Roebourno; Western Australia; Australia; Dongarra; Perth, Williamsburg; Bunbury; C. Leeuwin; Albany; Gulvero; Budo Land; KMOX LAND; WILKE LAND Nordenskjold Sea; Saunikof Land; Bennett ISL.; LIAKEF ISLANDS or NEW Siberia; BIELKOVA ISL.; KOTELNOI ISL.; Bennett ISL.; Faoievsko. ISL.; C. Medvedshu; Maloi ISL.; LIAKOF ISL.; Barkin; Mouths of the Lena river; Borkhays B.; Manic Isl.; O. Sviatoi; Ust Vansk; Kromskaia; Kroma R.; Bulun; Olenek River; Lena River; Arctic; Verkhalansk; Indigirka R.; Yana R.; Sredni Kolynsk; Zashiversk; Verkhoanskoi MTS.; E. Viliuisk; Yakustsk; Taen Arinskaia; Lena R.; Amginskaia; Alskh; Aldan R.; Yunskara; Tauiskaia; Khotsk; Nelkan; Olekma R.; STANOVO; Udskoi; Port Aiane; Shantarski Is.; C. Elaizateth; Sea of Okhostsk; Amur R. ; Blagovestchensk; Manghuria; Khabarovka; Karlar; Mergen; Tsitakar; Sungarri R.; Petuua; Kirin; Ningouta; Langri; SAKHALIN (RUSSIA); PARAMUSHIR IS.; Nikolaievsk; ISL. (Japan); G of Turtery; Le Perouse Strait; Vladivostok; Patience B.; Kunashiri Isl.; Yezo; Sapporo; Port Arthur(Jap. ); Korea; Scoul; Weihaiwan (Br.); Kiaochau (Ger.); Yellow Sea; Nagasaki; Janpan Sea; Korea Strait; Sado Isl.; Kyot; Osaka; Shikoku; Kiushu; Japan; Hondo; Tokyo; Yokohama; Hakodato; Aomori; Sanmun; OSHIMA; Shuri; Riu Kiu Is. (Japan); Formosa (Japan); Channel; Apari; Luzon; Bonin Is. (Japan); Volcano Is.; Manila to HONOLULU; Ladrone Islands(GER); Saypan Guam (U.S.); Samar ISL.; Phillippine Islands (U.S.) Mindanao; Mindanao; Pana; Jolo Sea; Jolo; Hongkong to APIA; Celebes Sea; Gilolo ISl.; Molucca Pass; Palaos is.; VAP; Egoi IS.; Caroline Islands (GER.); Micronesia; Melanesia; Celebes(Dutch); Geram (D.); Boeroe (D.); Banda Sea; Eloris Isl. (D.); (Port.); Admiralty IS. (GER.); (Dutch); Bismarck Arch; New Guinea (Ger.); Aroe IS.; Fred Henry Is.; Arafura Sea; (BR.); Wilbelm Is.; Terros Str.; C. York; Somereset; Gulf of Carpentaria; Timor Isl.; Bathurst Isl.; Cambridge G.; Palmersion; Hebron; Noin; Kings Sound; Broome; Normantown; Northern Territory; Oceania; Cooktown; China Str.; Bowen; Boula; Amadous L.; Queensland; Australia (British); Port Eucla; South Eyre L.; Australia; Great Australian Bight; Kangaroo Isl.; Speneer; Carling R.; New South Wales; Warwick; Prot augusta; Adelaido; Kington; Portland; Victoria; Melbaurne; Bass Strait; Tasmania(British); Hobart; Cape Howe; Furneaux Group; Launceston; Royal Co. Isl.(Brit); Northland; Adelil Land; MIDNIGHT; Henrietta Isl.; Heannette Isl.; Arctic Ocean; Mouths of the Indigirka River; Allaika; Alazaid R.; Bear Is. ; Nijni Kolymsk; C. Medveii; Aiun Isl.; Wrangel Isl.; C. Chelakhsai; C. Yakan; Chaoun R.; Takokagin; Circle; Kolyma R.; Mountains; Ghijign; Penjinsk; Anadirskoi; Anadir R.; Olutorsk; Tamsk; G of Chijinsk; G of Penjinsk; Tigilsk; Kamchatka; ST. Matthew Isl. (U.S.); C. Olutorsk; Karaginsk Isl.; C. Ozernoi; Nijni Kamchatka; Bering Isl. (Rus.); Copper ISL. (Rus.); Kear Is.; G of Kronotski; Boisheretsk; Kurily Strait; Cape Lopatka; Potropavlovsk; RAT Is.; Andreanof; Aleutain Islands (U.S.) ; Kurile Is. (Japan); Yokohama to Port Townsend; Yokohama to San Francisco; North Pacific Ocean; Cure Isl.; Midway Isl.; Lisiansky Is.; Laysan isl.; Garoner Isl.; Birds Isl.; Wake Isl. (U.S.); Tropic of Cancer; Honolulu; International Date Line; Marshall Is. (Ger.); Gilbert Is. (Br.); Howland Isl. (Br.); Palmyra Isl. (BR.); Phoenix Is. (Br.); Solomon Islands; Marcus Isl.; Los Jardines Isl.; Ponap isl.; Greenwich Isl. (Ger); New New Bougainwille (Ger.); Mecklenburg Isl. (Ber); New Britain(Ger.); Choiseol; N. Georgia (Br.); Sapel (Ger.); Malayta (Br.); Polynesia; Guadalcanar; S. Christoval; Lousiade Arch (BR.); Rennell (B.); Espir Tu Santo; Santa Cruz Is. (Br.); Lagoon or Ellice (Br.); Coral Sea; Huon Isl.(FR.); New Hebrides (FR. & Br.); Vanua Levu; Viti Levu; New Caledonia (FR.); Rockhampton; Brisbane; Newcastle; Sydney; Lord Hove Isl. (Br.); Loyalty Is.; Norfolk Isl. (Br.); North Cape; North Island; Auckland; New Plymouth; Nelson; Hokitika; Christchurch; Napier; East Cape; Wellington; New Zealand (BRI.); South Island; Cape Providence; Stewart Isl.; Dunedin; Invercargill; Auckland Isl. (Brit.); Campbell Isl. (Brit.); Macquarie Isl. (Brit.); Emerald Isl. (Brit.); Monday; Sunday; Victoria Land; Herald Isl.; Point Barrow; Icy Cape; C. Lisburne; Initkilly; PT. Hope; Smith Bay; C. Halket; Colville R.; Ft. Morton; Kotzebue Sound; Bering Strait; Alaska (United States); Gulf of Anadia; C. Chukotski; St. Lawrence Isl.(U.S.); C. Navarin; C. Romanzof Nelson Isl.; St. Michael; Norton Sd.; C. Pr of Wales; Nome; Koukuk; Yukon R; Anvik; Kuskoquir R.; Nuklukayet; Tanana R.; Mr. Wrangel; Konai; Bering Sea; Pribilof Is. (U.S.); Nunivak Isl.; Kuskoauin B.; c. Nevenham; Dutch Harber; Umak ISl.; Hiawna L.; Ft. Alexander; Bristol B.; Alaska pen; Unimak. Isl.; Shumagin Is.; Trinity Is.; Kadiak Isl.; Gulf of Alaska; Afognak Isl.; Ounalaska Isl.; Hawaii (U.S.) Kaua Isl.; Maul Isl.; Hawai Isl.; Washington Isl. (BR.); Fanning Isl. (Br.); Christmas Isl. (Br.); Jarvis Isl. (Brit.); Manihiki Group (BR.); Union of Tokelau Is. (Br.); UEA (Fr. ); Samoa Is.; Tutuila (U.S.); Upolu Isl. (Ger.); Fiji Is.(BR.); Savage Isl. (Br.); Tropic of Capricorn; Tonga Is. (BR.); Socirety IS. (Fr.); Cook o Hervey Is. (BR.); Austral Is. Kermadec Is.(Br.); Wellington to Valparaiso; Pacific Ocean; Chatham Isl. (Brit.); Melbourne to Liverpool; Bounty Is. (Brit.); Antipoder or Greenwich Is. (Brit.); Antarctic; Antarctic Ocean; Prince Patrick Isl.; Lando End; Eglinton Isl.; Mc. Clure Strait; C. Prince Albert; Beaufort Sea; Banks Land; O. Kellett Melson Head; Martin Pt.; Mackeazie Bay; Nigalek; Franklin B.; Cape Bathurst; Cape Dalhouse; Prince Albert sound; Dolphin & Union Str.; Peavy; Porcupine; Yukon; Circle; ragle; Dawson; Ft. Good Hope; Porcupone R.; Ft. McPherson; Old Ft. Good Hope; Mackenzie; Ft. Norman; Donimo; Ft. Selkirk; Mt. Logan; Orca; Mt. St. Ellds; Ft. Singson; Ft. Frances; Lackenzie R.; Ft. France; Ft. Rae; Yakutat; Dyea; Chichagof Isl; Sitka; Baranof Isl.; Ft. Halkett; Juneau; Ft. St. John; Ft. Vrangel; Dixon Entrance; Pr. Of Wales Is.; Jackson; Lit Slavo; Hearte Srait; Vancouver Isl.; Queenstown; Cascade; Westinster; Victoria; Seattle; dominion of Canada; North America; Olumpia; Tacoma; Columbin Riv.; Portland; Salem; Eureka; C. Mendocino; Great salt Lake; Range; Sacramento; San Francisco; San Jose; San Luis Obtspo; Pt. Concepthon; Los Angeles; San Diego; Pt. Eugenia; Guadalup Isl.; Revillagigedo Is.; Honolulu To Nicaragua; Equator; Honolulu to New York; Marquesas Is. (FR.); Tuamotu; Archipelago (FR.); Tahití (FR.); Gambier Is.(FR.); Tubuai Isl. (FR.); Pitcairn Isl. (Br.); Apia to Punta Arenas; South Pacific Ocean; Antarctic circle; Parry Islands, Morix; Crinneel Isl.; Mclville Isl.; Melritte sound; Batriore; Byam Isl.; Burrow Strait; Prince; Joe; Wales Isl.; McClintock Channel; PR. Albert; Minto Inlet Land; Victoria Land; Wollaston Land; Victoria Str.; Coronation; Great Bear Lake; L. Belly; L. Garry; Clinton Doabaan L.; Fathky L.; Galdsw L.; Weat Slave L.; Ft. Resolution Islands; Ft. Liard; Ft. Chippewayan; L Athabasca; Reindeer L.; Fort Churchill; Indian L. Vondabacy; Laird R.; Peace R.; Dunvegan L.; Edmonton; Saskateheuan; Battleford; Calgary; Pr. Albert; Spokane; Buttee; Snake Riv. Boise; Helena; Deadwood; MTS; Laranne; Ogden; Manitona; Regina; Winnine; Fago; Mississippi; Oheyenne; Omaha; Pierrs; Bismarn; United States; Salt Lake City; Carson; Pioche; Erosno; Oblspo; Pheonix; Santa Fe; Duran; Lead V; Denver; Public; Lincoln; Topok; Trintdad; Guihr; Hermosillo; Guaymas; El. Baso; Dallas; Austin; Lower California; G of California; Guaymas; Sal Hill; Chinuahua; Rio Grande; Autumn; Mexico; Montery; La Paz; C. San Lucas; Mazatlán Tala; San Blas; C. Corrientes; Socorro Isl.; Manzanillo; Mexico; Popooatepeti Vol.;Prudnoe Land; Hayes; PT. Foulke; Kane Basin; Baque Isl.; Sound; Smith sound; Smere; Lapld; Inglefield Gulf; Pennisula; C. Parry; Clarence Head; C. York; Wolstenholme; Sound; North Mecoen; Sound; Cobourg Isl.; Devon; Melville Bay; Baffin Bay; Sound; C. Liverpool; Bylot Isl.; Ponds Inlet; C. Bowen; C. Shackleton; Upernavik;C. Adair; Scott Inlet; Omenak Fiord; C. Kater; Baffin Land;O. Wison; Fax Channel; Cumberland Sound; C. Mercy; C. Dyer; Hall Isl.; Frobisher Bay; Hudson Stract; C. Wolbtenolve; Resolution Isl.; C. Chidley; Raina; Unaava Bay; Mobquito Bay; Labrador (Dep of New Poundland); Ft. Chimo; Matland; Ft. George; James; Bay; Clear water Lank; Melville; Mingan; Moose Factor; Quebec; Ste. Marie; Ottawa; Toronto; Buttain; Albany; Portland; Aagusta; Montreal Fredericton; St. Lawerance R.; Anti Co St. ; Funday B; Halifax; Golf of Lawrebce; Pr. Edward; Concord; Boston; C. Sable; Haetford; Providence; NewPort; Buffale; Haveland; Tranton; Nova Scotia;Long Island; New York; Philadelphia; Delaware Bay; Chesapeake Bay; C. Hatteras; Wilmington; Raleigh; Norfolk; Columbia; Charleston; Bermuda Is.(BR.); Jacksonville; New York to Liverpool; New York to Gibraltar; Bathama Is.;(BRIT.); San Salvador; West Tropic; Nassel; Port au Prince; Santo Domingo; Santo Domingo; San Juan; Porto Roco (U.S); S. Croix (BR.); Barbuda (BR.); Antiguaib; Hait; Amaiga (Br.); Mingstou Antiels; Caribbean Sea; PT. Gallinas; Maracaibo; Cartagena; Colon; G. of Maracaibo; Curacao Isl.(DUT.); Guadeloupe (Fr.); Dominica (BR.); Marjinique (Fr.); S. Luna (Br.); Barbados (Br.); Grenada (Br); Trinidad(BR.); Caraca; Venezuela; Mompox; Bogota; Colombia; Tallma; Topavan; Ghimborazo Vol.; Ecuador; Rio Nogro; Manaos; Amazon; Loja; Jurua R.; Rurus; Tirol; Villa Bella; Cuzco; Brillo; Huaraz; Lima; South America; Peru; Andes Mountains; Ica; Trindad; Sorata; Brazil; Bolivia; L. Titicaca; Arequipa; Sucre; Iquique; Cobijab; Antofagasta; Mt. Liullaillico; St. Ambrose Is;. (Chile) ; Chile; Potosi; Tarija; Salta; Asuncion; Tucuman; La. Rioja; Copiapo; La. Serena; San Juan; Cordoba; San Luis; Rosario; Buenos Aires; La Plata; Argentina; Valparaiso; Santiago; Curico; Bahia Blanca; Concepcion; Lebu; Veldivie; Blanca; Viedma; Gulf of San Manties; Chiloe Isl.; Chinos; Rawson; Bay of St. George; Port Deseado; Archjipelago; TayTao Pen.; Gton Isl.; Port Deseado; Santa Cruz; Strait of Magellan; De Dios; Magellan; S Inez Isl.; Tierra Del Fuego; Staten Isl.; Cape Horn; Hoste Isl.; Elephant Isl.; South Shetland Is.; Liveringston Isl; Smith Isl.; Bransfield Strait; Trinit Land Palmer Land; Granhamland; Adelande Isl.; Emp. Alexander Land; c. Walker; Greenland (Denmark); Peterman Pk.; Scoresby Land; Jameson Land; Disco Isl.; Godhavn; Disco B; Davis; Christians Haab; Holsteinberg; Christian Ix Land; Scele Land; Mt. Rigby; Horror Bay; Godthaab; Denmark Strait; Kjoge Bay; Brede Fiord; Faxa Fiord; C. Juel; Lichtenfela; Davis Strait; Frederikshaab; Cape Bille; Ivigtut; Cape Discord; Julianshaar; Cape Farewell; Hamilton Inlot; C. Charles; Belle Isl.; Cape Bauld; Newfoundland (Br.); St. Johns; St. Pierre (Fr.); Cape Breton Isl.; North Atlantic Ocean;; flores Azores Is.(Por.); Tropic of Cancer; Indies Lesser Antilles; Cape Verde Is. (Port.); New York to Cape Town; Orinoco R.; Georgetown; Paramaribo; Cayenee; C. Orange; Mouth of the Amazon R.; Brit.; Guiana(Dut)(Fr); Villa Nova; Santarem; Para; Marajo Isl.; Para R.; St. Louiz de Maranhao; Parnahiba; Ceara; Fernando; Noronia; Natal; Para R.; Theresina; Pernan; Aracaju; Bahia; Barra; Palma; Cuyaba; Carolina; Goyaz; Tocantins R.; Rapajos R.; R Xingu; Porto Segure; Caravellas; Victoria; Rio de Jane; St. Paulo; Tropic; Ouro Preto; Tiete R.; Cuirtiba; Diamantina; Parana R.; Paraguay; Itajahy; Desterro; Corrientes; Porto Alegre; Rio Grande do Sul; Montevideo; Plata R.; Uruguai; Corrientes; c. Gorrientes; Valparaiso to New York; Falkland Sound; Falkland Isl. (Brit.); Stanley; South Georgia (Br.); Coronation Isl.; Clarence Isl.; King George Isl.; Joinville Isl.; Louis Philippe Land; South Orkney Is.; Laurie Isl.; Edak Land; King William land; C. Bismarck; Koldeway Isl.; Shannon Isl.; Gael hamkes Bay; Francis Joseph Fiord; Bontekoe Isl.; C. Parry; Ocean; Greenland; Davy sound; Liverpool Isl.; Scoresby Sound; C. Brewster; Knighton Inlet; Han Mayen Isl.; Nord C.; Iceland(Den.); Artic; Langanaes; Roykjavlk; Faroe Is.(Den); Shetland Is.; Orkney Is.; British Isles; Hebrideges; Stavanger; C. Lindesnaes; Scotland; Dendee; North Sea; Glasgow; Belfast; Edinburg; Newcast; Ireland; Dublin; Cork; St. George’s Channel; London; England; Liverpool; Hull; Portsmouth; English Channel; Bay of Biscay; Nantes; Orleans; Paris; Brussels; Bordeaux; Toulouse; C. Finisterre; Andorra; Saragossa; Spain; Madrid; Seville; Lisbon; Portugal; Oporto; Terceira; S. Miguel; S. Maria; C. St. Vincent; Str. Of Gibraltar; Madeira Isl. (POR.); El Arish; Mekinez; Morocco; Mogador; Gibraltar (Br.); Morocco; Tangier; Fez.; Canary Is. (Sp.); Palma; Ferro; Cape Blanco; Zemur; Rio Deoro (Sp.); vacan; Tatta; El Abbas; Sahara Desert; St. Louis; C. Verde; Cambia (Br.); Bathurst (Br.); Bissagos Is. (Port.); Guinea (Pt.); Guinea(Fr.); Senegal; Sierra; Segu Sikoro; Medina; Senegal R.; Timbuktu; Africa; Arawan; French Sudan; Niger R.; Freetown; Monrovia; Equator; C. Palmas; Bingerville; Akkra (Br.);Loeone (Br.); Coemassie; Guinea; Ilnyus; Whydah; gulf of Guinea; (Sp.) Fernando Po.; (Por.) Prince I.; (Por.) St. Thomas I.; (SP.) Annobon I.; Ascension Isl. (Br.); Liverpool to Melbourne; ST. Helena Isl. (Brit.); Pernambuco to Cap town; Tranida Is. (Brazil); Tropic of Capricorn; South Atlantic Ocean; Inaccessible Isl.; Tristan Da Cunma Isl.; Nightingale Isl. (Brit.); Gough Isl. (Br.); Lindbay Isl.; Sandwich Group; Antarctic; Antarctic Ocean; Amsterdam Isl.; King B.; North East; Land; Olga; Prince Charles Foreland; Ice Fiord; Bell Sound; Horn Sound; Spitzbergen; Barents Isl.; Edge Isl.; Wybe Janes; Thousand Is.; Hope Isl.; Bear Isl.; Greenland Sea; North Cape; Hamnerfest; Tromsoe; Lofoden Is.; Karva; Torned R.; West fiord; Circle; Sweden; Norway; Apland; Pitea; Tornea; Uleaborg; Kniaja; Trondhjem; Christiania; Gefle; Umea; Gulf of Bothnia; Wasa; Finland; Kuopro; Viborg;Stockholin; Skagorrack; Denmark; Copenhagem; Gottenborg; Baltic Sea; Vilna; G, of Finland; Reval; Osel Isl.; Riga; Duna R.; Hamburg; The Hague; Berlin; Netherlands; Belgium; Frankfort; Leipsie; Luxemburg; Danzig; Konigsberg; Warsaw; Leinberg; Dresden; Warsaw; Germany; Europe; Austria; Dnieper R.; Berditchef; Vienna; Danube; Munich; Berne; France; Lyon; Marseille; Monaca; Corsica; San Marino; Italy; Switzerland; Venice; Genoa; Milan; Danube R.; Vienna; Budapest; Hungary; Belgrade; Monte Negro; Alliatic; Trieste; Servia bulgaria; Roumania; Sophia; Jassy; Odessa; Bukharest; Philippopelis; Rome; Barcelona; Sardinia; Balearic; Mediterranean; Naples; Messina; Palermo; Oran; Algiers; Algeria; Tunis; G. of Cabes; Tripoli; Greece; Athens; Sicily; Malta(Br.); Crete (TY.); Smyrna Adalin; Allriatic Sea; Turkey; G. of Benghaz; Sidra; Ghadanies; Tripoli (Turkey); El Golea; Wargla; Rhat; Murzuk; Fezzan; Alexandria; Cairo; Siout; Egypt; Mediterranean Sea; Pt. Said; Siout; Esneh; Libyan; Assouan; Dessert; New Dongola; El Fasher; Warn; L. Tohad; Sudan; Kharturn; Northern Nigeria (Br.); Yakoba; Massenia; Dahomey(Fr.); Togo; Lagos; Nigeria(Br.); Kamerun (Ger.); El. Obeid; Sobai; Ladoi; Lagos; Asaba; Kamerun; Mobangi R.; Congo; Wadelai; Stanley Falls; French Kongo; Leopold Ville; Lopez; Banana; Boma; Loanda; Kabango; S. Salvador; Eanatorville; Kongo; Nyangwe; Ind State; Tankanyika; L. Moero; Kagek; Port. West Africa; Ger. S.W.; Benguela; Mossamede; C. Frio; Sionia; D. Bangweola; Walfisch Bay(Br.); Rhodes; Zambezi; Salisbury; Palapye; Limpop; Buluway; Beghuana; Pretoria; Trans; Vaai; Angra Pequena; Orange R.; Port Nolloth; Cape Town; Johannesburg; Bloemfontein; Orange Riv.; Kimberley; Care Colony (British); East London; Port Elizabeth; Georgetown; C. Agulhas; Cape of Good Hope; Thompson Isl.; Bouvet Isl.(Brit.); Antarctic Circle; Wiches or King Charles Land; Northbrook Isl.; Hooker Isl.; Salm Isl.; Barents Sea; Great Ice Cape; Cape Lutke; Admirality Pen; Goose Bay; Nova Zembla;Vardoehuus Waranger Fiord; Strait of Kara;Kolsuev Isl.; Kola; C. Kanin; Petchora Bay; Barzuga; Gulf of Cheskoi; Pustosenak; Mezen; White Sea; Kem; Archangel; Onega; Mezen R.; Petehara R.; Dwina R.; L. Onega; L. Landoga; St. Petersburg; Novgoroad; Vologda Viatka; Ural Mts; Russian Empire; Volga R.; Nigni Novogorod; Kazan; Kama R.; Perm; Ufa; Simbrisk; Moscow; Kaluga; Russia; Kursk; Saratof; Don R.; Kief; Kharkof; Taganrog; Odessa; Volga R.; Orenburg; Guriev; Astrakhan; Sea of Azof; Caucasus Mts.; Black Sea; Constantinople; Angora; Brusa; Trebizohd; Erzerum; Baku; Batum; Stavropol; Caspian Sea; Kungrad; Turkey; Krasnovod; Konieh; Cryrus I.(Br.); Yafa; Jerusalem; Aleppo; Tripoli; Damascus; Bagdad; Basra; Digris R; Tabriz; Rasht; Sehna; Teheran; Meshed; Khaf; Ispahan; Yezd; Neh; Aska; Persia; Sitez; Leina; Hail; Medina; Red Sea; Korosko; Mekka; Riad; Yembo; Medina; Arabia; Oman; Shiraz; Bam; Bushire; Persian Gulf; Lar; Jask; G of Omen; Muskat; Suakind; Coomfidah; Massaua; Suna; Adoh(Br.); G of Aden; Makallan; Kamar B.; Kuria; Socotra (BRIT.); C. Guardafui; Ras Hafun; Arabian Sea; Berber; Gondar; Eritrea (IT.); Gondar; Berbera (Br.); Fr.; Nile; Blue Nile; Adis Aboba; Abyssinia; Somaliland; Italy Somali; Mukhdish; Brava; Br. East Africa; Rudolf L.; Victoria; Nyanza; Mt. Kenia; German East Africa; Tabora; Kitimanjar; Kismayu; Witu; Mombasa; Pemba I. (Br.); Zanzibar (Br.); Bagamoyo; Quiloa; Aldabra Is.; Amirante Is. (Br.); Seychelles (Br.);Farquhar Is.; C. Amber; Comoro Is.; C. Delgado; Mozambique; Tamatave; Tananarivo; Indian Ocean; Rovima R.; Port. East Africa; Chinde; Quilimane; Nyassa; Zomba; Tete; Madagascar (French); Sofala; Delagoa B.; Mozambique Channel; Mauritius Isl. (Br.); Reunion (Fr.); Lourenco Marquez; Pietermaritzburg; Durban; Port Nata; Islands; Cape Town To Melbourne; Pr. Edward Isl.; Marion (Brit.); Crozet Is.(Brit.); Enderey Land; Lonely Isl; Cape Mauritiub; Barents Ld.; Kara Sea; C. Fern; Rechesnoi Is.; Gulf of Yenisei; White Isl.; Piasina R.; Matochkin Strait; Gulf of Ob; Swerevo; Aigach Isl.; Kara B.; Mura; Obdorsk; Dudinsk; Yenisei R.; Taz R.; Turukhansk; Kazimsk; Nadym R.; Berezof; Siberia; Ob River; Surgut; Tobolsk; Narim; Bakhtinsk; Tarda R.; Ekaterinburg; Petropaulovsk; Omisk; L. Chany; Tomsk; Tobol R.; Ishim; Akmolinsk; Irtisk R.; Semipalatinsk; Irsk; Asia; Sergiopol; Zaisan L.; Kuldja; Turgai; Kasalinsk; Sir Daria R.; Aral Sea; Balkash Lake; Choo R.; Ri R.; Kuldja Mts.; Thian Shan; Tarim R.; Tashkend; Amu R.; Turkestan; Bokhara; Faizabad; Heart; Ghanistan; Kabui; Serinogen; Chinese Empire; Khotan; Kashgar; Afghanistan; Kandahar; Indus R.; Lahore; Simlo; Deli; Agra; Kelat; Baluchistan; Bela; Nepal; Himalaya Mts.; Mt. Euerest; Khatmando; Ganges; India (BRITISH); Hardarabad; Patna; Ganges; Galentta; Nagpore; Yanaon; Daman; G of Cutch; C. Elhadd; Moseirah Isl.; G of Cambay; Bombay Haidarabad (Fr.); Bay of Bengal; Masulipatam; Madras; Biombay; New Goa (PT.); Muria Is. (Brit.)’Mahe (Fr. ); Laccadive Is.; Puducheri (Fr.); Karikal (Fr.);Comorin; Colombo; Maldive Is.(Brit.); Ceylon Isl. (Brit.); Chagos Is.; Cargados Carayos Isl.; Mascarene; Rodriguez (Br.); New Amsterdam; St. Paul (Fr.); Kerguelen (Fr.);McDonald (Brit.); Heard; Kemp Land; Note:

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Page  67 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY I... m--naOF,----- enominee County, Michigan EXPLANATION.-The abbreviations are as follows: S. for Section, T. for Township, R. for Range, P 0. for Post-offic address. Where no Section Number or Township is given, it will be understood that the party resides within the limits of the village or city named, and, in su as the place of residence, unless otherwise stated. ch cases, the post-office address is the same Abba, R., Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Abear, Alfred, Farmer, S. 18, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Ahlskog, John, Farmer, Daggett. Ahola, Oscar, Farmer and Purchasing Agent for Grange No. 1398,S. 6, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Akren, Erik, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Allgeyer, Albert, Farmer, S. 22, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Allgeyer, Frank, Farmer, S. 21, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0 Wallace. Ames, L. C., Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Anderson, A. M, Farmer, S. 34, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Anderson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 12, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Anderson, Aug. H., Farmer, S 14, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Anderson, Carl A., County Clerk, Menominee. Anderson, Chas..E., Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Anderson, C. G Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Anderson, Daniel, Farmer, S. 35, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Anderson, Ernest, Farnier, S. 5, T. 35, R. 21, P. 0. Daggett. Anderson, Hans, Farmer, S 33, T. 40, R. 25, P. 0. Whitney. Anderson, Isaac, Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Anderson, John, Farmer, S. 21, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Anderson, John, Farmer, S. 21, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Anderson, John Edward, Farmer, S. 15, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee, 1327 Main St. Anderson, J. P., Farmer, S. 33, T. 36. R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Anderson, Julius, Farmer, S. 13, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Anderson, Qle, Farmer, S. 32, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Anderson, Otto, Farmer, S. 7, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Anderson, Peter J.; Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Dagge t. Anderson, Sigurd, Farmer, S. 6, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Anderson, Walter, Farmer, S. 26, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Anderson, Wm., Farmer, S. 14, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Antikain, John, Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Whitney. Archibald, John, Conductor, Powers. Arkans Bros., (Wm. and Tony Arkans) Farmers, S. 34, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Arlandson, C., Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Arndt, Mrs. Augusta, Farming, S. 9, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Arnold, Conard, Farmner, S. 30, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Arndt, Win., Farmner, S. 8, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Augustine, Bernard, Farmer, Jeweler and Repairer, S. 8, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carnev. Avotte, Alex, Farmer, S 34, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0 Hermansville. Ayotte, Joe, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R: 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Bade, Henry, Fartner, S. 2, T. 3?, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Bader, Geo. Farmer, S. 19, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Bagley, Hugh, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson Baierl, Albert. Farmer, S. 3, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Bailey, Adelbert, Farmer and Fisherman, S. 1, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Bailey, C. L., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 31, T. 34, R. 2.5, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Bailey, Nat., Fisherman, S. 14, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Baker, L. R., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 19, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Baker, Wm. C., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 19, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Bakman, A., Farmer, S. 19, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Baltrum, Andrew, Farmer, S. 27, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Bank of Stephenson, General Banking. Loans and Real Estate, Stephenson. Barker, Ralph, Sr., Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Barker, Samu 1 E., Farmer, S. 7, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Barnowski, C., Farmer, S 14, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Barquist, Chas., Farmer, S. 6, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Barra, Jule, Farmer, S. 15, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Barribeau, Michael, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Barstow, E lw., Farmer, Fisherman, Township Clerk and Postmaster of Arthur Bay, S. 30, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Barstow, George. Attorney, Stephenson. Bartell, Mrs. Adile, Farming, S. 19, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Bartels, F. C., Livery, Stephenson. Barton & Elayter, Farmers, S. 35, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Bastien, Peter, Farmer, S. 24, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Bauchard, Ed., Farmer, S. 34, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Bauer, Joseph, Farmer, S. 12, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Baurain, Emile, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Bayerl, Cha-les, Farmer, S. 27, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Baverl, Chas. J., Dealer in Groceries, Hardware and General Merchandise, Manufacturer of Full Cream Cheese, S. 3, T. 32, R. 27, Birch Creek, P. 0. Menominee. Bayerl, Jakob, Farmer, S. 34. T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Baverl, Joseph, Farmer, S. 34. T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Beatson, Frank, Dealer in General Merchandise, Spalding. Beattie, George, Fisherman, S. 28, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Beattie, Hugh, Jr, Fisherman, S. 28, T. 33, R. 26, P 0 Ingallston. Beattie, Robert, Farmer, S. 28, T. 33. R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Beauchamp, Isaac, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Beauchamp, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. 39. R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Beauchamp, Ned, Blacksmithing and General Repairing, Wilson. Beaudo, Abbie, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Beaudo, Gust, Livery, Nadeau. Beaudoin, Thos., Farmer and Highway Commissioner, S. 24, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Beechner, H. W'., Farmer, Wallace. Belanger, Archie, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Bellefueil, Wm., Dealer in General Merchandise, Wines, Liquors, etc., Wilson. Bellmore, M., Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Powers. Belongie, Eugene, Farmer, Daggett. Belongie, Louis, Farmer, S. 36, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Belonge, Philip, Sr., Farmer, S. 36, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Bennett, J. H., Farmer, S. 19, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Berg, Henry, Farmer, S. 14, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0 Menominee. Berg, John, Farmer, S. 18, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Berg, Louis, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38. R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Berger, Chas., Farmer, S. 26, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Berggren, L., Farmer, S. 18, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Bergquist, Edward, Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P.0. Stephenson. Bergquist, Henry, Farmer, S. 34, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Bergstrom, Andrew, Farmer, S. 5, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Bergstrom, Mrs. Joel. Farming, S. 23, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Bergstrom, Olof, Farmer, S. 36, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Bergvall, Carl, G., Dealer in General Merchandise, Stephenson. Berro, Frank, Farmer, S 34, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Better, Joseph, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Betzler, Jos., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 4, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Cedar River. Blahnik Bros., Farmers and Manufacturers of Lumber, S. 21, T. 37, R. 21, P. 0. Carney. Blahnik, Rudolph, Farmer, S. 21, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Blitz, Geo., Farmer, S. 4, T. 33, R. 27. P. 0. Wallace. Blocks, Martin, Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Blomquist, Clarence, Farmer, S. 13, T. 35. R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Blomquist, John, Fisherman, S. 1, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Blomquist, Jonas, Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Blomquist, 0. E., Postmaster of Carney, Carney. Boland, Mary A., Farming, S. 17, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Board of Educati mn, Thos. McGinnis, Clerk, Powers. Board of County Road Commissioners, G. H Haggerson, Chairman; L. Nadeau, A. A. Juttner, K. I Sawyer, Engineer. Menominee. Bonjean, Louis, Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0 Harris. Bordan, Henry, Farmer, S. 16. T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Boeden, Julius, Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Bordon, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Borgstrom, Chas., Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Borman, Joseph, Farmer, S. 33, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Bouchonville, Desire, Farmer, S. 25, T. 37, R. 28, P. 0. Nathan. Bourlee, Jule, Farmer, S. 23, T. 37, R. 28, P. 0. Nathan. Boutott, Eugene, Farmer, S. 12, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Bouty, Alex, Deputy Sheriff. Chairman Spalding Township Republican Committee, Spalding Township Truant Officer, Spalding. Bowman, Johan, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Bark River. Braberg, C. A., Farmer, S. 9, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Bradner, C. B,, Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries and General Merchandise, Powers. Brandner, N., Farmer, S. 23, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Brandt, A., Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Nade'mu. Brandt, A. W., Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0 Faithorn. Brandt, Swan, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Brauillard, Paul, Farmer, S. 16, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Brendenmuhl, Frank, Farmer, Stage and Mail Route between Arthur Bay and Menominee, S. 19. T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Brinn, Daniel, Dealer in Wines, Liquors, etc., Powers. Brisbin, George, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 26, P.- 0. Wilson. Broberg, Wmin., Farmer, S. 5, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Brock, Mrs. E. J., Farming, S. 34, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 Stephenson. Brock, Geo. H., Livery, Feed and Sale Stable, Ingalls. Bromnund, Otto, Farmer, S. 3, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Brown, DeWitt, Proprietor The National Hotel, Menominee. Brumstead, Helen, School Teacher, S. 13, T. 38. R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Bruner, Joe, Land Locator and Estimator, Spalding. Brunette Bros., Livery, Daggett. Brunette, Absolam, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Brunette, Paul, Farmer, Nathan. Brusda, Fred, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38. R 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Burcumn, Frank, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Burke, Neil, Farmer, S. 23, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Burt, Chas, Farmer, S. 34, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Bushonville, John, Farmer, S. 9, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Bushonville, Jules, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Bystrom, Andrew, Farmer, S. 34, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Carley, Geo., Farmer, S. 34, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Carley, Ira, Manufacturer of Lumber and Dealer in General Merchandise, Ingalls. Carlsen, Peter, Farmer, S. 1, T..37, R. 27. P. 0. Carney. Carlson, Axel, Farmer, S. 6, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 D.iggett. Carlson, C. F., Farmer, S 33, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Carlson, C. M., Farmer, S 6, T. 35, R. 27. P. 0. Daggett. Carlson, C. 0., Farmer, S. 8, T 35, R. 27, P 0. Daggett. Carlson, Edw., Farmer, S. 19, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Carlson, John 0., Farmer, S. 4, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Carlson, John P., Farmer and Dairyman, S. 5, T., 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Carlson, Victor, Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Carney Supply Co., Chas. and Gust Peterson, Proprietors, Dealers in General Merchandise, Carney. Carpenter, Felix, Farmer, S. 36, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Casperson, A., Farmer, S. 6, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Cederquist, L. T., Farmer, S. 5, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Chaltry, Fred, Farmer, S. 2, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Chaltry, Henry, Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Chaltry, Joseph, Sr,, Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Charboneau, Frank, Farmer and Highway Commissioner of Harris Township, S. 13, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Charlier, Felix, Farmer, S. 23, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Charlier, Marcellin, Farmer, S. 16, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Chartre, John B., Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Cheltrey, Peter, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Chevrette, Henry, Farmer, S. 14, T. 38, R 25, P. 0. Harris. Christensen, George, Farmer and Supervisor of Spalding Township, S. 22, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Christensen, Harry, Farmer, S. 29, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Christensen, Knut, Farmer, S. 1, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Christensen, Martin, Farmer, S. 5, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Christensen, M. P., Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Christensen, Nels, Farmer, S. 20, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Christensen, Peter, Farmer, S. 20, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Christianson, John, Farmer, S. 20, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Christian, Louis, Farmer, S 17, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Christian, Nelson, Farmer, S. 17, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Clark, Ed, Farmer, S. 5, T. 35, R. 27,' P. 0. Daggett. Clark, Nate, Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Clausen, Christ, Farmer, S. 12, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Clausen, Fred, Foreman on County Road Construction, Menominee. Clausen, Martin, Farmer and Fisherman, S; 33, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Cohen, Max, Dealer in Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Groceries, Crockery, Shelf Hardware, Furniture and a General Line of Merchandise, Stephenson. Collard, Joseph, Farmer, S. 3, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Collard, Win., Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Collins, Victor, Farmer, S. 8, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Cdlwell, J. T., Farmer, S. 24, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Conlon, Wm.,,Farmer, Ingalls. Corey, Allen, Farmer, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Corey, Homer C., Farmer, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Cornohorsky, Joseph, Farmer, S. 33, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Corrigan, James, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Corroy, Daniel, Farmer, S. 16, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Corry, John, Dealer in Lands, Marinette, Wisconsin. Cory, John, Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Cory, Thomas, Farmer, S. 25, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Cosson, Louis, Farmer, S. 6, T. 32, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Cdte, Archie, Farmer, S. 11, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Cox & Roper, Ihsurance, Real Estate and Real Estate Loans, Menominee. Crane, Fred D., Farmer and Supervisor of Lake Township, S. 4, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Mr. Crane served in Company A, 142nd Illinois and Company C, 153rd Illinois. Crawford, S. & Sons, Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber, Cedar River. Cummings, Henry, Farmer, Carney. Mr. Cummings served in Company D, 102nd Michigan Vol. Infantry. Cunard, John H., Farmer, Postmaster of Vesper and Dealer in General Merchandise, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Cunningham, Al., Farmer, S. 35, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Cunningham, Edson, Farmer, S. 35, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Curran, Chas., Farmer a!d Car Inspector for Wisconsin & Michigan R. R., S. 16, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Dahlberg, John, Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Dahl-strom, Emil, Farmers, S. 21, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Whitney. Dalski Bros., Farmers, S. 1, T. 35, R. 28, P. 0. Swanson. Damkoehler, L. H., Farmer, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Daniel, George, Farmer, S. 3, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Danielson, Albert, Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Danielson, _rik, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Danielson, Henry, Farmer, S. 6, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Danielson, John, Farmer, S. 22, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Daoust, Homer, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Daoust, Juslin, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 27. P. 0. Carney. Davison, George, Farmer, S. 35. T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Bagley. Deacon, Daniel, Farmer, S. 6, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Daggett. DeCamp, Arthur, Farmer, S 7, T 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Degrave, Jule, Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0 Harris. Delaurelle, Vital, Farmer, S. 19, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Delfosse, Victor, Farmer, S. 23, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Dellisse, Joe, Farmer, S. 4, T. 35, R. 26. P. 0. Daggett. Deloughary, Mrs. G. W., Farming, S 24, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Eustis. DeMille, J. J., Steam and Hot Water Heating, Furnaces, Stepheason. DeMille, Wilfred. Farmer, S 33, T. 36, R. 26. P. 0. Daggett. Dennis, Henry, Farmer, S. 35, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Dennis, Mike, Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. De Pas, Mrs. F., Farming, S. 2, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Depatie, M. 0., Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. DeRozier, Joseph, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. DeShambo, O. J., Farmer and Agent for The Michigan Mutual Life Insurance Co. of Detroit for the Upper Peninsula of Michiga 1, S. 23, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Eustis. Desjarlais, Louis, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Dessart, Louis, Farmer, S. 15, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Detampel, Emanuel, Farmer, S. 19, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan.

Page  68 68 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Deusterheoft, Wm., Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Devine, M., Farmnr, S. 1, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Dezinski, John, Farmer, S. 32, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Dickman, August, Farmer and Engineer, S. 22, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Dickmann, Herman, Farmer, S. 25, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Dill, Otto, Farmer, S. 10, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Dirkmann, Theodor, Farmer, S. 36, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Dittmore, Gus, Livery and Boarding Stable, Menominee Donaldsen, Henry, Farmer, S. 6, T. 33, R. 26. P. 0. Wallace. Donaldson, Charles, Farmer, S. 14, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Donovan, John, Farmer and Manufacturer of Lumber, S. 30, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Stephenson. Doyle, Mathew, Farmer, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Doyle, Wm. J., Farmer, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Dreze, Joseph, Farmer, S. 18, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Drossart, Cornilius, Farmer, S. 5, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Dubie, N., Farmer, S. 7, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Dubey, Fred, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Dubey, Louis, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Duca, Jule, Farmer, S. 19, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Duca, Martin, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Ducharme, Jerry, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 26. P. 0 Powers. Dachene, Jerry, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Duchene, John, Farmer, S. 34, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Daffrin, Chas., Farmer, S. 14, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Duffrin, Joe, Farmer, S. 14, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Duffrin, Peter, Farmer, S. 14, T. 35. R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Dumas, Marcil, Farmer, S. 11, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Dunham, John & Son,. Dealers in Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes, Hardware, Groceries and Provisions, Daggett. Dunn, John J., Jr., Dealer in General Merchandise, Faithorn. Duquaine, Jule, Township Clerk, Dealer in Farm Implements, Feed and Farm Produce, Carney. Duquaine, Wm, Blacksmith and Wagonmaker, Spalding. Durow, Adolph, Farmer and Manufacturer of Lumber, S. 36, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Durow, Chas. C., Farmer, S. 36, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Earle, Dr. G. W., President Wisconsin Land and Lumber Co., Hermansville. Eckstrom, Leonard, Farmer, S. 31, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Ekberg, Herman, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Ekman, Conrad, Farmer, S. 31, T, 36, R 26, P. 0. Daggett. Ekman, John, Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Ekman, Jonas, Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R 26, P. 0. Daggett. Elliott, Charles, Farmer, S. 22, T- 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Ellison, John, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Enfield. Gustav, Farmer, S. 7, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Engel, J., Farmer, S. 5, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Erbe, J. H., Veterinary and Livery Stable, Menominee, 2410 Broadway. lErdman, Herman, Farmer, S. 14, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Erdman, John, Farmer, S. 25, T. 37, R. 28, P. 0. Nathan. Erdmann, Julius, Farmer, S. 19, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Erickson, Andrew, Farmer,-S. 12, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Erickson, C. A., Farmer, S. 19, Te 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Erickson, Ed., Farmer, S. 21, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Ericks'n, E. M, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Erickson, Frank G., Dairyman, S. 15, T. 35, R. 27, P 0. Stephenson. Erickson, Isak, Farmer, S. 36, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0 Wilson. Eriksen, Eli, Farmer, S. 20, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carnev. Evrard, S. L., Farmer, S. 26, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Ewansec, Gregory, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermnansville. Fabey, Servia, Farmer, S. 2, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Farnlof, P., Farmer, S. 36, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0 Daggett. Farrell, Martin, Farmer and Car Inspector for Soo R. R. Co., Faithorn. Fayas, Paul, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Federspiel, John B., Proprietor of Northern Hotel, Hermansville. Peldt, Aug., Farmer, S. 15, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephens m. Fellion, George, Farmer, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27. P. 0. Stephenson. Fellion, Mrs. John, Farming, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Fellion, Louis, Farmer. S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Fellner, John, Farmer, S. 12, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Ferron, John, Farmer, S. 31, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Bagley. Pezatte, John, Farmer, S: 20, T. 40, R. 25, P. 0. Labranche. Pillion, P. N., Catholic Priest, Spalding. Fillis, William, Farmer, S. 17, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Finnerty, M. J., Barber, Dealer in Farms and Timber Lands, Powers. First National Bank, General Banking, Menominee. First State Bank of Powers, General Banking, Powers. Fish, John, Farmer, S. 13, T. 37, R. 27. P. 0. Nadeau. Flaum, John, Farmer, S. 35, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Foley, Henry, Farmer, S. 18, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Foley, J., Farmer, S. 22, T. 35, R. 25, P. 0. Cedar River. Forgette, Joe, Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carrey. Porsberg, Charly, Farmer, S. 34, T 35, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Possberg, John E., Farmer, S. 27, T 34: R. 26, P. 0 Stephenson. Poster, Robert, Farmer and Dealer in Horses, S. 13, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Vraid, Carl, Farmer, S. 19, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Frank, Louis, Farmer, S. 14, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Fraser, Samuel, Lumber, 1042 Main St., Menominee. Prazer, Win., Farmer, S. 21. T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Prederikson, John, Farmer, S. 30, T. 35, R. 27. P. 0. Koss. Fredrickson, Peter, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37", R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Freis, Adam, Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 26, P 0. Wallace. French, John, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Bark River. Frenzel, Otto, Farmer, S. 7, T. 32, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Friberg, John, Farmer and Lumberman, S. 6, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Daggett. Frisque, Joseph, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Froberg, Theo., Farmer, S 33, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Frock, Levi, Farmer, S. 6, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Nadeau. Pryxell, Aug., Farmer, S. 28, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Gadda, Felix, Farmer, S. 22, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Gaede, Herman, Farmer, S. 1, T 37, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Gaede, Mrs. Marie, Farming, S. 22, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Gagnow. Frank, Farmer, S. 4, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Galarno, Walter P, Farmer, S. 33, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Galt, John Isaacson, Farmer and Fisherman, S. 17, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Gamache, Peter, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Gardiner, Fred, Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Gardner, John, Farmer, S. 21, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Garigan, AL., Farmer, S. 15, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Garrigan, Peter, Real Estate, Insurance and Notary Public, Carney. Gasman, Fred, Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Gauley, James, Farmer, S. 2, T. 33, R. 27. P. 0. Wallace. Gauley, W. H, Farmer, S. 1, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0 Wallace. Gauthier, Louis, Farm,-r, S. 28, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Gauthier, Telesphore, Farmer, S. 18, T. 37 R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Genos, 0, Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Germiat, Joe, Farmer, S. 29. T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Gerue, James, Farmer, S. 16, T. 35. R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Gerue, Joseph, Farmer, S. 17, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Getzlaff, Joseph, Farmer, S. 15, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Gibour, Jule, Farmer, S. 4, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Gilbert, Louis, Farmer, S. 17, T. 32 R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Glaser, M., Farmer, S. 24, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Gleisner, Oscar, Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Goetz, Joseph, Farmer, S. 26, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0 Daggett. Goldberg, S. H., Dealer in General Merchandise,- Cirney. Golden, Fred, Farmer and Stock Dealer, Nathan. Good, James E., Farmer, S. 33, T. 28, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Good, W. A., Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Gosselin, Peter, Farmer, S. 15, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Goulder, T. F., Superintendent for Ira Carley Saw Mill and Township Supervisor, Ingalls, P. 0. Wallace. Grabowsky, Frank, Fisherman, S. 33, T. 33, R 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Graham, A. W., Farmer, S. 3, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0 Perronville. Grantz, F., Farmer and Township Justice, S. 4, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Grau, Geo., Farmer, S. 4, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Gray, H. T., M. D., Physician and Surgeon, Carney. Grece, Charles, Blacksmith, Wagon Maker and General Repair Shop, S. 26, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Groleau, Dolphis. Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Grondine, Gideon, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 26. P. 0. Powers. Grondine, Jos., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Gronmark, K. A., Farmer S. 24, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Gruen, W. N., Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Grundstrom, F. B., Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Grundstrom, G. P., Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Guard, Chas. E., Proprietor of Carney Hotel and Dealer in Wines and Liquors, Carney. Guay, Chas., Farmer, S. 35, T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Guindon, Theophile, Farmer, S. 12 T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Gulbronson, M., Farmer, S 28, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Gunderson, H., Farmer, S. 27, T. 34. R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Gunville, J. A., Dealer in Meats and Groceries, Powers. Gunville, Louis, Farmer, S 30, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Gustafson, Aug., Farmer, S. 20, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Gustafson, Axel, Farmer, S. 25, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Gustafson, Chas., Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Gustafson, Fred and Peter Gustafson, Farmers, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Gustafson, Halvor, Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Gustafson, Matt, Farmer, S. 29, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0 Carney. Gustafson, Peter, Farmer, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Haager, F. D., Farmer, S. 9. T. 35, R, 27, P. 0. Daggett. Hackeman, Albert, Farmer, S. 3, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hackeman, Emil, Township Clerk and Clerk for C J. Bayerl, Dealer in General Merchandise, S. 3, T. 32, R. 27, Birch Creek, P. 0. Menominee. Hafner, Jacob, Farmer, S. 5, T. 32. R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Haggerson, Fred H, County Attorney, Menominee. Hajdera, John, Farmer, S. 11, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Hakanson, Alex. Farmer, S, 13, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Hakes, W. H., Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Eu.tis. Hall, H. 0., Farmer, S 12, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Hallberg, Charles, Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Hallberg, Gust, Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 Daggett. Hallfrisch, John F, Farmer, S. 27, T. 35, R 28, P. 0. Koss. Halvorsen, Alick, Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Hammer, Aug., Farmer, S 20, T 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Hammerberg, Erick, Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 26 P. 0. Carney. Hammerberg, Samuel, Farmer, S. 26, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Hanf, Chas., Farmer, S. 8, T. 34, R 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Hanna, Chas., Farmer, S. 34, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Hanna, George, Farmer, S. 34, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Hannon, J. H., Manufacturer of Full Cream Cheese, Carney. Hannon, Mike, Farmer. S. 4, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Hannon, M. H., Farmer, S. 4, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Hansen, Chris, Farmer, S. 36, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Hansen, Henry, Farmer and Foreman for County Road Construction, S. 9, T. 38, R 26, P. 0. Spalding. Hansen, Peter, Farmer, S. 1,.T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hansen, Alfred, Farmer, S. 34, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Hanson, Andrew, Farmer, Carney. Hanson, A. P., Bookkeeper and General Land Man for M. Perren, Perronville. Hanson, Gust, Farmer. S. 24, T 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Hanson, Hans, Section Foreman for Soo Railroad, Hermansville. Hanson, John Farmer, S. 25. T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Hanson, Ole, Farmer, S. 35, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 Ingalls. Hanson, Theo., Farmer, S. 36. T. 39, R. 26, P. 0 Wilson. Hant, Hector, Farmer, S 14. T 35, R. 27, P. O Stephenson. Harris, M. H., Postmaster of Wilson, Dealer in General Merchandise and Forest Products, Wilson. Hart, Amos, Farmer, S. 10. T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Hart, A. E., Generd Blacksmithing and Repairing. Carney. Hart, Joseph. Farmer, S. 15, T. 38, R 25, P. 0. Harris. Harter, Anton, Farmer, S. 36, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Harter, Geo. & Son, Dealers in General Merchandise and Forest Products, Lumber Manufacturers, Proprietor of Harter House and Postmaster, Faithorn. Harter, Winm., Farmer, S. 25, T. 33, R 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hartnett, Win. H., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Hartwig, August, Farmner, S. 16, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Hartwig, H., Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Havelka, Joseph, Farmer, S. 18, T, 33. R 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hayes, Pat., Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Hayward, R. D., Farmer, S. 6, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace Hayward, S. C., Lumber Manufacturer, S. 9, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Mr. Hayward served in Co. F. 14th Wisconsin Vol. Infantry. Hebert, John, Farmer, S 23, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 Stephenson. Heckel, Wilhelm, Farmer, S. 18, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0 Menominee. Heidenreich, Albert, Farmer, S. 14, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0 Hermansville. Heitzmann, Thomas F., Farmer, S. 36, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Henderson, J. W., Farmer, Dealer in General Merchandise and Postmaster of Eustis, Eustis. Hendler, Frank, Farmer, S. 15, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Henriksen, Christ, Farmer, S. 30, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Hendricksen, Thos., Farmer, S. 30, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Hendrickson, Tohn, Farmer, S. 33, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0 Daggett. Hendry, Francis, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Herald Leader Co., Printers and Publishers, Menominee. Herbeck, Joe, Farmer, S. 30, T. 38 R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Herrild, Nels J., Farmer, S. 4, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Herson, Emile, Farmer, S. 34, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Hetcher, Victor. Gardener, S. 27. T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Heuring, Jos, Farmer, S 31, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Bagley. Hlinak, J e, Farmer, S. 26, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Huilicka, Joseph, Farmer, S. 8, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hoffman, Charles, Farmer, S. 36, T 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hogen, Louis, Farmer and Sawyer, Gourlev, P. 0. Carney. Hoglund, Julius. Farmer, S. 20, T. 3ý, R. 26, P. 0 D.iggett. Holman, C., Farmer, S. 24, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Mr. Holman came to Illinois fromi his native coantry, Sweden, 1869, at the age of twenty; c ime to Michigan 1879, and has lived on his present place since 1884. He has been a widower since 1904. Holmer, Fred, Farmer, S. 6, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Hollsten, Richard, Farmer, S. 27, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Hornick, Frank, Farmer, S. 30, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hortho, Mrs. T., Farming, S. 24, T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Houle, C. B, Farmer and Engineer for Water Tank Station, N. W. R. R, S. 8, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Houte, E, Hotel, Livery, Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, and Dealer in Farming and Timber Lands, Nathan. Hruska, Rudolph, Farmer, S. 13, T. 32, R. 28, P. 0. Menominee. Hubbard, Hiram, Farmer, S 26, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Hubbard, Jesse, School Commissioner, Menominee. Huebel, C. J. Co., Producers and Wholesalers of White Cedar Posts and Poles, also Western Poles, Menominee. Hulsizer, Geo., Farmer, S 12, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Hultman, Axel, Farmer, S. 16, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0 Wallace. Hultman, Charley, Farmner. S. 16, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Humm, Mike, Farmer, S. 22, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Hunt, Frank W., Blacksmithing, Fisherman and Farmer, S. 22, T. 33, R. 26. P. 0. Ingallston. Hutton, T. J., Physician, Powers. Ihander. Anton, Farmer, S. 16, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Imhof, G, Farmer, S. 26, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Irwin, Alex, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Jackson, Ole, Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Jacobsen, Peter, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Jacobson, Herman, Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Jacobson, John E., Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Jacobson, Matt, Farmer, S. 30, T. 36, R 26, P. 0. Daggett. Jagne, Joe, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Janofske, Jno., Farmer, S. 14, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Janofske, Joe, Farmer, S. 34, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Jasper, Henry, Farmer, S. 20, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Jasper, Theodore, Farmer and Supervisor of Cedarville Township, S. 20, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Jean, August, Manufacturer of Lumber, Sash, Doors, Shingles, Siding, etc., Nadeau. Jenkins, Joseph, Farmer, S. 18, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Jensen, Jens Peter, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Johnsen, PF. A., Farmer, S. 22, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Johnson, A. and S m.n, Farmers, S. 13, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Johnson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Johnson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 8, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Johnson, August and Elmer, Farmers, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Johnson, Aug., Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau Johnson, Aug., Farmer, S. 18, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Johnson, August, Farmer, S. 5, T. 32, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Johnson, Axel, Farmer, S. 24, T. 35, R. 28, P. 0. Koss. Johnson, A. G., Farmer, S 22, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Johnson, A. W., Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Johnson, Carl, Farmer, S. 2, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Johnson, Chas., Farmer, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Johnson, Chas., Farmer, S. 33, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Johnson, Chas. J, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Johnson, C. L., Farmer, S. 24, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Johnson, C. W., Farmer, S. 4, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Johnson, Elmer, Farmer, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Johnson, Emil, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Johnson, Emil G., Farmer, S. 5, T 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Johnson, Frank, Farmer, S. 6, T. 37, R 26 P. 0. Carney. Johnson, Frank, Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Johnson, Fred, Farmer, S. 14, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Johnson, Gust, Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Johnson, Gust, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Johnson, Herman, Farmer, S. 8. T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Johnson, Hugo, Farmer, S. 1, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Johnson. John, Firmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Hermansville. Johnson, Louis, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Johnson, Nels, Farmer, S. 26, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Johnson, Peter J., Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Johnson, P. J., Farmer, S. 32, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0 Stephenson. Johnson, P. R., Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Daggett. Johnson, Swan, Farmer, S 21, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Johnvin, Joe, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Jonson. Carl, Farmer. S. 13, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Jorgensen, Rasmas, Farmer, S. 18, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Joutras, George, Farmer, S. 10. T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Juneau, Adolph, Farmer, S 9, T. 38,, R. 25, P. 0 Wilson. Junion, Fred, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Junion, John B., Farmer and Agent for The W. T. Rawleigh Medical Co, for Menominee C unty, Carnev. Jupstrom, Gust, Farmer, S. 32, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Juttner, A. A., Real Estate and Insurance, Menominee. Kalishek, James, Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carnev. Kalishek, Roman, Farmer, S. 21, T. 37, R 25, P 0. Carney. Kane, Michael, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Karl, Frank, Farmer, S. 32, T. 33, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. K-ismarck, Peter, Farmer, S. 5, T. 32, R. 26. P. 0. Ingallston. Kass, Peter, Farmer, Blacksmithling, Dealer in Groceries, Birch Creek Grocery Store, S. 2, T. 32,, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Kayser, Max, Farmer, S 16, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Kayser, Otto, Farmer, S. 33, T. 36, R. 27. P. 0. Daggett. Kazmierzik, Valentine, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Kearns, Hugh, Farmer, S 3, T. 34, R. 27-, P. 0. Ingalls. Keazar, W. P., Township Clerk, Farmer and Grower of Ginseng, S. 16, T. 35, R. 29, P. 0. Stephenson. Keil, Herman, Farmer, S. 5, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Kell Bros., Dealers in Hardware and Furniture, Proprietors of Powers Livery. Powers. Kell. Joseph,' Sheriff, Menominee. Kell, J. G.. Farmer. S. 13, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Kell, Thomas, Farmer, S. 36, T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Kell, Win., Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Kell, Wm., Jr., Farmer and Dealer in Horses, S. 1, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Kelley, Mrs. P., Farming, S. 34, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Kelley, Ross J., Farmer, S 34, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Kelly, Christ, Farmer, S. 6, T 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Keninger, Anton, Farmer, S. 10, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Kesler, Jas., Dealer in Cedar Posts, Telephone Poles, Piling and Forest Products, Daggett. Kies, Wm., Farmner, S 14, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Kilpie, Herman, Farmer. S. 24, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Kirshenbauer, Frank, Farmer, S 33, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Kirshenbauer, Jos., Farmer, S. 33, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Klatt, Albert, Farmer, S. 15, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Klauk, N., Real Estate and Loans, Marinette. Kleikamip, Theodore, Farmer, S 20, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Kleiman, August, Farmner, S. 17, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Kleiman, Casper, Farmer, S. 17, T 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Kleiman, Herman, Farmer, S. 26, T. 38. R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Klein, Henry, Farmer, S. 28, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Kleinke, R. F., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 20, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Klinka, John W., Farmer, S. 12, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Klinowitz, Andrew, Farmer, S. 27, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney.

Page  69 IIr ]Klitzke, Karl, Farmer, S. 22, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Kmieciak, Stanley, Farmer, S. 23, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Knapp, G. WV., Farmer, S. 26, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Knapp, Theo. G., Farmer, S. 34, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. SKnope, Frank, Farmer, S. 25, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. SKoenig, Herman, Farmer, S. 28, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. I Kohrt, Fred, Farmer, S. 5, T. 32, R. 27, P 0. Menominee. Korth, Wmn., Farmer, S. 20, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Kollmann, Bertholomous, Farmer, S. 1, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee.; Krantz, Aug., Farmer, S. 11, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Krantz, Chas., Farmer, S. 17, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. I Krantz, John, Farmer, S. 17, T. 34, R. 26. P. 0. Wallace. Krantz, Louis, Farmer, S. 14, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Kraus, Leonard, Farmer, S 2, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Krebs, Frank, Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Krouse, Chas., Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Krutch, Adam, Farmer, S. 11, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Krutch, Frank, Farmer, S. 11, T. 38, R. 25. P. 0. Harris. Krutch Bros., (Geo. and Peter Krutch) Farmers, S. 15, T. 38, R. 25, S P. 0. Harris. Kuande, N., Farmer, S. 21, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. RKuenzel, Louis, Painter, Paper Hanger and Decorator, Dealer in Paints, S Oils, Wall Paper, etc., Nadeau. Kuntze, Otto, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Labelle, Alphonse, Farmer, S. 15, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. LaBonty, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 11, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. La Branche, Louis, Postmaster, Dealer in Lumber, Ties and Forest Products, also General Merchandise, Labranch. I4abre, Xavier, Dealer in Wines and Liquors, Spalding. SLacasse, Emile J., Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Lacasse, Joe, Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Lachapelle, John, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris..Lacomb, Chas., Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Lacombe, Frank, Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Lacomb, George, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Lacoursier, Eli, Farmer, S 12, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Lacroix, Peter, Farmer, Faithorn. ILafave, John, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Lafleur, Henry, Farmer, S. 29, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Lafortune, Louis 'Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Lafreniere, Adelor, Farmer, S. 14, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris..Lahay, D. J., Farmer and Manufacturer of Pickles, S. 30, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Lahay, Sam J., Town Treasurer, Manufacturer of Lumber and General Sawing, Carney. -Lalonde, Zotique, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris..Laluzerne, Ed., Farmer, S. 5, T 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Lamack, V. I., Farmer, S. 18, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Lanaville, Antone, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0 Harris. Lanaville, E., Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Landree, Moses, Farmer, S. 25, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 Stephenson. Landree, Wallie, Manufacturer of Full Cream Cheese and Dealer in General Merchandise, Stephenson".Landsborough, Dr. D. R., Physician and Surgeon, Druggist and Pharmacist, Daggett. La Point, Joe, Farmer, S. 19, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. LaPoint, Peter, Farmer, S. 19, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson..iLaroche. A. J., Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0 Carney. Laroche, Sidney, Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn.,Laroux, Tim, Farmer, S. 35, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. K Larson, Alex, Farmer, S. 11, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace..Larson, August, Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Larson, Charles, Farmer, S. 24, T 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Larson, Frank, Farmer, S. 2, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Larson, Hans, Gardener, 218 Taylor Avenue, Menominee. Larson, John; Farmer, S. 19, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. 'Laison, John L., Farmer, S. 16, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney..Larson, Lewis N., Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Larson, Nels H., Farmer, S. 5, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. -Larson, Olaf, Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Larson, Peter, Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Larson, Robert, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. -Larson, Thomas, Farmer, S. 18, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. LaRue, Joe, Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Laundre, George, Farmer, S. 16, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Laurin, Frank, Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Laurin, Telesphore, Sr., Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney.;Lavallay, Mike, Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Laviolette, 0. H., Manager for M. Perron Store, Dealers in General Merchandise, Perronville. -Lawrence, H. B., Brakeman and Farmer, Powers. -Lawrence, Wni. C., Baggageman for Chicago & Northwestern R. R., Powers. -Leanna, Win., Farmer, S 15, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Leaveck, John, Farmer and Highway Commissioner, S. 16, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Leaveck, Mike, Farmer, S. 15, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Leaveck, Pat, Farmer and Townshp Highway Commissioner, S. 32, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett Leaveck, Thomas, Farmer, S. 6, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Leaveck, Win., Farmer, S. 6, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. -Lebault, Delphis, Farmer, S. 13. T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Leblanc, Antone, Blacksmith and WagoL Maker, Powers..Leblanc, Ferrier, Farmer, S. 30, T. 3S, R. 25, P. 0. Powers. -Leblanc, Narcice, Farmer, S 17, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. ILeclair, Eugene, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. LeGreve, Alex, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Leisen & Henes Brewing Co., Menominee. iLemansky, Steve, Farmer, S. 8, T. 32, R. 27, P 0. Menominee. Lemay, Ed., Farmer, S 18, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0 Powers. Lemense, Ferdinand, Farmer, S. 23, T. 35, R 28, P. 0. Koss. Lemeronde, Fraik, Farmer, S 35, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. -Lemeronde, George, Farmer, S. 35, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Lentz, Peter, Farmer, S 15, T. 32. R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. -Lewis, Frank, Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. -Lewitz, John, Farmer and Supervisor of Melien Towlship, S. 2, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. 'Lhote Bros., Livery and Dealers in Implements, Menominee. Liberty, Felix, Farmer, S. 4, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. ILiberty, Victor, Farmer, S 2, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0 Spalding. -Liebman, Louis, Farmer, S 6, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Bagley. Mr. Liebman served in Co. I, 7th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. -Liebman, Marvin E., Farmer, S. 6, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett..Lienna, Frank, Dealer in Dry Goods, Clothing and Shoes, Groceries and Provisions, Stephenson. Linderoth, Nels, Farmer, S 4, T. 35, R. 27, P 0. Daggett..-Lindgren, Aug., Farmer, S. 28. T. 39, R. 27, P 0. Vesper..Lindgren, Peter, Farmer, S. 31, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0 Vesper. Lnlidquist, Andrew, Farmer, S. 26, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Lindistrom, I., Farmer, S. 20, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Lindstrom, P. Albert, Farmer, S. 21, T 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Linsmaier, Peter, Farmer, S. 27, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. " ILinsmeier, Frank, Farmer, S. 23, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Lloyd, George, Farmer, S. 3, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Ingills. Lofgren, F., Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. J4ofgren, John Johanson, Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Lofrenir, Dave, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 25. P. 0. Wilson. Londree, Henry, Farmer and Butter Manufacturer, S. 20, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Long, John E., Farmer, S. 18, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Longhurst, G. W., Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Longrie, Eva, Farming and Dealer in General Merchandise, S. 26, T. 35, R. 28, P. 0. Koss. Lorenc, Joseph, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Lotharius, Harman, Farmer, S. 30, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Lucier, John, Farmer, S. 20, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Lucke, A. G., Farmer, S. 10, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Lucke, Henry, Farmer, Cheese Manufacturer and Dealer in General Mer chandise. S. 16, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Luft, Adam, Farmer, S. 14, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Lumbermen's National Bank, The, General Banking, Menominee. Lundquist, Erik, Farmer, S. 32, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Luwen, Andrew, Farmer, S. 36, T. 36, R. 28, P. 0. Swanson. McGeady, James, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. McGinnis, Thos., Clerk Board of Education, Powers. McNeely, T., Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Maas, Otto, Farmer, S. 36, T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Wilson. Machia, Louis, Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Machie, James, Farmer, S. 22, T 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Mackevich, Isadore, Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing, Shoes and Forest Products, Powers. Madalinski, Ignatz, Farmer, S. 11, T. 40, R. 26, P. 0. Labranche. Madsen Bros., (Peter and Erick Madsen) Farmers, S. 9, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Magly, Henry, Farmer, S. 30, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Magnuson, A. F., Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Magnuson, Nels, Farmer, S. 7, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Malcore, Joe, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Mantei, Albert, Farmer and Highway Commissioner, S. 10, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominfe. Marchaterre, Joe, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Marcie, Henry, Farmer, S. 8, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Marks, Anton, Farmer, S. 18, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Marquett, Henry, Farmer, S. 34. T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Mr. Marquett served in Co. F, 94th N. Y. Volunteers. Marquette, Ed., Farmer, S. 19, T. 41, R. 26, P. 0. Hardwood. Marquette, W. H., Farmer, S. 19, T. 41, R. 26, P. 0. Hardwood. Marrow, W. S., Farmer, S. 2, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. ingalls. Marsicek, Anton, Farmer, S 32, T. 38, R. 25. P. 0. Wilson. Marsicek, John, Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Martin, Frank, Farmer, S. 19, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Martinek, Jacob J, Abstracts, Insurance, Loans, Real Estate and Notary Public, Menominee. Massie. John, Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Matheys, S. J., Manufacturer of Lumber and Lath, Dealer in General Merchandise, and Proprietor of The Nadeau Cheese Factory, Nadeau. Mattie, Albert, Jr., Fisherman, S. 17, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Mattie, Alfred, Sr., Fisherman, S. 17, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Mattord, Mike, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Mattord, Victord, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Mattson, Alex, Farmer, S. 29, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Mattson, Chas., Farmer, S. 1, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Mau, Albert, Farmer, S. 1, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Maufort, Emil, Farmer, S. 33, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Maurus, Herman, Farmer and Manufacturer of Cheese, S. 8, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Maves, Wm., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Mayers, Mike, Farmer, S. 2, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Bagley. Mekash, Frank, Farmer, S. 33, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Mellen, Gust, Farmer, S. 15, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Menacher, Max, Farmer, S. 22, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Menominee Abstract and Land Co., Abstracts of Title and Real Estate Operators, Menominee. Menominee, City of, Menominee County Journal, Woessner & Marson, Publishers, Stephenson. Menominee County Officers-Hon. Richard C. Flannigan, Circuit Judge; Joseph Kell, Sheriff; C. A. Anderson, County Clerk and Register of Deeds; W. A. Pen Gilly, County Treasurer; Fred H. Haggerson, Prosecuting Attorney; John Stiles, Pr bate Judge; L. D. Eastman, Circuit Court Commissioner; Albert Hass, County Surveyor; Jacob Muth, Poor C. mnmissioner; Alired Nelson, Poor Commissioner; Nicolas Peterson, Poor Commissioner; Henry Nason, Coroner; John Axelson, Coroner; Jesse Hubbard, Commissioner of Schools; G. H. Haggerson, County Road Commissioner; Louis Nadeau, County Road Commissioner; A. A. Juttner, County Road Commissioner; K I. Sawyer, C. E., County Road Engineer. Supervisors-Cedarville Township, Theodore Jasper; Harris Township, John Schoen; Holmes Township, Solomon Swanson; Ingallston Township, Charles Nelson; Lake Township, Fred D. Crane; Mellen Township, John Lewitz; Menominee Township, Christ Peterson; Menominee City, Harry T. Emerson, Mayor; Menominee Cityv, 1st Ward, John McDonald; Menominee City, 2nd Ward, Mathias Bottkol; Menominee City, 3rd Ward, N. Christophersen; Menominee City, 4th Vard, Theodore Christensen; Menominee City, 5th Ward, Wolfgang Reindl; Menominee City, 6th Ward, Noah Longlais; Menominee City, 7th Ward, Charles F. Daley; Meyer Township. EdIwin P. Radford; Nadeau Township, Peter Garrigan; Spalding Township, George Christensen; Stephenson Township, John Dunham. Menominee Insurance Agency, (J. N. LaBillois and H. B. Moulton) Insurance and Real Estate, Menominee. Menomiiiee & Marinette Light and Traction Co., Menominee. Menominee River Brewing Co., Menominee. Menominee River Sugar Co., Menominee. Menza, John J., Farmer, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Merrell, Eugene, Farmer, S. 3, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Merrell, James, Farmer, S. 2, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Michaud, John, Farmer, S. 3, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Michigan Refining and Preserving Co., Canners and Preservers, Menominee. Midle, Matt, Farmer, S. 14, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Miller, David C., Farmer, S 14, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Miller, Ernst, Farmer, S. 13, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Miller, F. R., Farmer, S. 9, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Miller, Joseph, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Miller, Rinhart, Farmer, S. 4, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Minard, Dick, Farmer, S. 8, T. 37, R 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Mitchell, S las, Farmer, S. 4, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Bagley. Mitchell, T., Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 25, P, 0. Wilson. Moberg, lohn N., Farmer, S. 5, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Daggett. Molle, Maximilien, Farmer, S. 16, T. 37. R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Montpas, John, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Moreau, David, farmer, S 2, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Morgan, James, Farmner, S. 16, T. 32, R. 27, P 0. Menominee. Moritz, John, Farmer, S. 36, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Morlock, Frank R., Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Mosher, N. L., Farmer, S. 14, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0 Menominee. Motto, Tony, Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, S. 17, T. 37, R. 25, Gourley, P. 0 Carney. Mulhoiland, Robert, Farmer and Township Treasurer, S. 20, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Mullen, William, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. 69 Multerer, Albert, Farmer, S. 33, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Murray, Ed., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Murray, Wilfred, Farmer, S. 3, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Myers, Charles B., Farmer, S. 26, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Nadeau, David, (Nadea Bros.) Manufacturers of and Dealers in Lumber, Lands and Merchandise, Nadeau. Nadeau, Louis, (Nadeau Bros.) Manufacturers of and Dealers in Lumber, Lands and Merchandise, Nadeau. Naslund, N. F., Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. National Pole Co., Dealers in Cedar Poles, Posts and Ties, and General Merchandise, Whitney. Nauer, John, Farmer, S. 3, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Nault, Noel, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Nault, Theodore, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Nelsen, A., Farmer, S. 8, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Nelson, C. A., Farmer, S. 7, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Nelson, Erhart, (Nelson Bros.) Dealers in Groceries, Provisions, Hardware and Forest Products, Daggett. Nelson, Frank, Farmer, S. 10, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Nelson, F. 0., Farmer, S. 6, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Nelson, Gust, Farmer, S. 13, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Nelson, Henry, Farmer, S. 20, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Nelson, J., Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Nelson, J. A., Farmer, S. 32, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Nelson, Magnus, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Nelson, Nels, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Nelson, N. J., Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Nelson, 0., Farmer, S. 24, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Nelson, P. A., Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Neville, Joe, Farmer, S. 9, T. 35 R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Neville, Malvina, Farmer, S. 19, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Koss. Neville, Mitchel, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Newbauer, Albert, Farmer, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Newbauer, Robert, Farmer, S. 33, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Nichols, Clark H., Farmer, S 5, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Ingalls. Nilsen, August, Farmer, S 34, T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Noha, Louis, Farmer, S. 17, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Nohlechek, John. Farmer, S. 10, T. 32, R 27, P. 0. Menominee. Nolde, Henry, Farmer, S. 36, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Norman, Charles, Farmer, S. 17, T. 34, R. 25, P. 0. Arthur Bay. Nourse, J. S., Farmer, S. 21, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Nourse, S. D., Farmer, S. 28, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Mr. Nourse served in Co. B, 48th Wisconsin Infantry. Nowacki, N., Farmer, S 18, T. 40, R. 25, P. 0. Labranche. Nyberg, E., Farmer, S. 32, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Nylund, Carl, Farmer, S. 29, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Oakes, W. C., Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Oberdorffer, Win. J., Farmer ani Breeder of Thoroughbred Holstein Cattle, S. 13, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Oberthur, John, Farmer, S. 14, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Oelke, Henry, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0 Wilson. Oleson, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 5, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Olive, Hy., Farmer, S. 1, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Olsen, Nels, Farmer, S. 20, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Olson, Anton, Farmer and Township Clerk, S. 13, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Olson, Carl, Farmer, S. 36, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Olson, Gust, Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Olson, John G., Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Olson, Martin, Farmer, S. 7, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Olson, 0., Farmer, S. 34, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Olson, Ole, Farmer, S. 24, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Olson, 0. M., Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Whitney. Olson, Peter, Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Swanson. Olson, Peter, Farmer, S. 33, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Vesper. Olson, Rasmus, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. O'Neil, Win., Farmer and Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Powers. Orley, Nick, Farmer, S. 34, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Osier, Frank, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Oslund, John, Farmer, S. 13, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Otradovec, Mrs. F., Farming, S. 28, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Otradovec, Matt, Farmer, S. 32, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Ostrangor, Mrs. Tillie, Farming, S. 25, T. 33, R. 28, P. 0. Menominee. Ostrangor, Mike, Farmer, S. 36, T. 33, R. 28, P. 0. Menominee. Ostrom, Charles G., Farmer and Lumber Manufacturer, S. 14, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Ouradnik, Joe, Farmer, S. 29, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Page, H. D., Farmer, S. 20, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Page, John, Jr., Farmer, S. 5, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Page, Mike, Farmer, S. 5, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Pairon, E., Farmer, S. 2, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Palmer, Wmn H., Farmer, S. 9, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Paquette, Mose, Farmer, S. 11, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Paquette, Tenece, Farmer, S. 11, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Paquin, Edmund, Jr., Farmer, S. 26, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Paquin, Edward, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Parrett, John, Farmer, S. 22, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Parrett, Wm, Farmer, S. 2, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Pasnoult, Louis, Farmer and Mason, S. 2, T. 37, R 26, P. 0. Powers. Patrie, Godfrey, Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Paulson, Charley, Farmer, S 8, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Paulson, Edward, Farmer and Township Highway Commissioner, S. 18, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Paulson, Hans L, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, Provisions and Bread, Fresh andt Salt Meats, Ingalls. Pavlat, Joseph.G., Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Pears n, Gus, Farmer, S. 7, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0, Daggett. Pearson, Ida, Farming, S. 7, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Pecha, Oliver, Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Peirson, John, Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Pelke, Henry, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Peltier, Joseph, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Bark River. Pen Gilly, W. A., County Treasurer, Menominee. Perra, frbFrt, Fir ner,!. 17, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. NiIeau. Perras, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 8, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Perrizo & Sas, Dii.ers in vliE-igta V I tm Ce.Ar Posts, Poles, Shin-les, Ties, and General Merchandise, Daggett. Perron, Jerry, Hd)tel Keeper and Dealer in Cigars and Liquors, Perronville. Perry, Williami, Butcher, Spalding. Person, Nels, Farmer, S. 18, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menomninee. Peters, EtvAard, F.armer, S, 31, T. 35, R. 26, P 0. Ingills. Petersen. Halvor, Farmer, S. 6, T. 32, R. 27. P. 0. Menominee. Petersen, Thomas, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Petersen, Isaac, Farmier, S. 15, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Peterson, Alfred, Farmer, S. 23, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Peterson, Alfred N., Farmer S. 17, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Peterson, Bengt, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 26, P 0. Carney. Peterson, Chas. A., Farmer, S. 33, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Peterson, Christ, Farmer and Supervisor of Menominee Township, S. 7, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee.

Page  70 70 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY Peterson, Emil, Farmner, S. 24, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Peterson, Erick W., Farmer, S. 20, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Peterson, G. and C., Farmers, S. 19, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Peterson, John, Farmer, S. 20, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Peterson, John, Farmer, S. 21, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Peterson, Martin, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Peterson, Math, Farmer, S. 14, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Peterson, Nicolas, Dealer in General Merchandise and Forest Products, Spalding. Peterson, P., Farmer, S. 32, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Phillips, John, Farmer, S. 28, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Phillips, Wm., Farmer, S. 35, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Piche, Sam., Farmer, S. 7, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Pipkorn, A. J., (Nieman, Pipkorn & Roehl) Dealers in General Merchandise, Meats and Forest Products, Hermansville. Pirlot, Eli, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Pirlot, Jule, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Pirlot, Tony, Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Plaisance, Thos., Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 26; P. 0. Powers. Plemel, Joe, Farmer, S. 8, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Plohar, Joseph F., Farmer, S. 35, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Plohar, Matt, Farmer, S. 35, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Plunger Bros. (Lucian and Eugene Plinger) Farmers, S. 34, T. 38, R. 25, P.O 0. Harris. Plutchak, Edward, Farmer, S. 2, T. 35, R. 27. P. 0. Daggett. Plutchak, Mrs. Frances, Farming, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Plutchak, Robert, Farmer and Manufacturer of Lumber, S. 7, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Daggett. Plutchak, Rudolph, Farmer, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Poisson, G., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Polaski, Win., Farmer, S. 5, T. 32, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Poquette, Tenace, Farmer, S. 11, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Potter, Frank, Farmer, S. 17, T. 37, R. 25, Gourley, P. 0. Carney. Potvin, Charles, Farmer, S. 14, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Eustis. Poupor, Cyrulle, Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Power & Opsahl, Attorneys, Menominee. Powers-Spalding Tribune, The, Chas. J. Quade, Publisher, Job Printing, Powers. Presz, Joseph, Farmer, S. 26, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Quamstrom, John, Farmer, S. 23, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Quande, N., Farmer, S. 21, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Quist, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Quistorf, Ira, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Rabitoy, Mike, Farmer, S. 15, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Raboin, Fred, Farmer, S. 3, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Raboin, Maxime, Sr., Farmer, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Raboin, Moses, Farmer, S. 34, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Radford, Edwin R., Supt. Wisconsin Land and Lumber Co., Supervisor Meyer Township and Chairman of the Board of Supervisors, Hermansville. Radue, William, Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Raiche, Joe, Farmer, S. 26, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Rajavish, Anton, Farmer, S. 25, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Bagley. Rank, C. B., Farmer, S. 15, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Rasmusen, Soren, Farmer, S. 31, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Rasmussen, Hans, Section Foreman and Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Rasmussen, Henry, Farmer, S. 24, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Rasmussen, Jas., Section Foreman and Farmer, S. 20, T. 40, R. 25, P. 0. Labranche. Rasner, Fred, Farmer, S. 22, T.. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Rasner, William, Farmer, S. 32, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Rauthieaux, F., Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Regner, Herman, Farmer, S. 1, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Reimer, Carl, Farmer, S. 27, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Reinemann, J. F., Farmer, S. 10, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Reopell, Dan, Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Revall, John, Farmer, S. 28, T, 36, R. 26, P. 0. Dagget. Rice, Tom, Farmer and Well Driller, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Richards, Frank, Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Richardt, August, Farmer, S. 9, T 34, R. 25, P. 0. Cedar River. Rickinson, James B., Farmer, S. 11, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Rittich, Adolph, Farmer, S. 12, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Rivard, John, Farmer, S. 16, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Rivert, Gaspard, Farmer, S. 36, T. 39, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Robert, Ernest, Farmer, S. 5, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Robert, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Robinson, A. L., Section Foreman and Farmer, S. 28, T. 41, R. 26, P. 0. Labranche. Rocheleau, Joseph, Farmer, S. 4, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Rode, Wolf, Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Rogge, Edward, Postmaster, Depot Agent, Farmer and Dealer in General Merchandise, Swanson. Rollin, Dan, Farmer, S. 11, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nadeau. Roper Lumber-Cedar Co., Dealers in Lumber, Lath, Shingles and Cedar Products, Menominee. Rosenberg, Jacob, Dealer in General Merchandise, Cedar River. Ross, Albert, Farmer, S. 34, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Ross, Paul, Farmer, S. 11, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Roth, J., Dealer in General Merchandise, Banat. Rotter, George, Farmer, S. 28, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Rouse, Albert, Farmer, S. 4, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Rousseau, Frank, Farmer, S. 8, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Roy, Joseph, Farmer, S. 3, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Rudginsky, Adolph, Farmer, S. 13, T. 32, R. 28, P. 0. Menominee. Rusanen, Aug., Farmer, S. 21, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Ryberg, Chas., Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Ryberg, M. N., Farmer, S. 4, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Sabora, Levi, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Sack, J. B., Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Saindon, Charles, Farmer, S. 2, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Perronville. Salewsky, Ed., Farmer, S. 16, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Salewsky, Adolph, Farmer, S. 20, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Salewsky, Albert, Farmer, S. 29, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee Salewsky, Chas. J., Farmner, S. 16, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Meffomtinee. Salewsky, Fred W., Farmer, S. 12, T. 32, R. 28, P. 0. Menominee. Salzsider, Frank, Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Samuel-,on, A. C., Farmer, S 28, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Sand, Charles, Farmer, S. 5, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Sandberg, Andy, Proprietor of Stephenson Hotel, Stephenson. Saulit, Joseph, Farmer, S 12, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Savoie, Gilbert, Farmer, S 32, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Savord, Philip. Farmer, S. 23, T. 38, R 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Sawall, Chas., Farmer, S. 13, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Sawall, Emil, Farmer, S. 12, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Sawbridge Pharmacy, Drugs, Stephenson. "Sawyer, A. L., Lawyer, Menominee. Schachczinski, John, Farmer, S. 19, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Scherger, Joseph, Farmer, S. 28, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Schetter, Henry, Farmer, S. 27, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carnev. Schilawski, Ferdinand, Farmer, S. 17, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0.'Menominee. Schmidt, Ben, Farmer, S. 22, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Schmidt, Carl, Farmer, S. 24, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menomininee. Schmidt, F. J., Colonizer and Postmaster of Banat, Banat. Schmidt, Henry, Farmer, S. 33, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Schneider, Peter, Farmer, S. 15, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Schoen John A., Farmer, Lumberman and Supervisor of Harris Township, S. 7, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Schoen, Otto E., Farmer, S. 18, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Scholtz, John C., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Scholtz, Leo, Farmner, S. 7, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Hermansville. School District No. 6, Nels Olsen, Director, Peter Christensen, Treasurer, Harry Christensen, Moderator, S. 29, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. School District No. 8, H. Lucke, Director, A. Klatt, Moderator, S. 15, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Schuette, C. W., General Merchandise and Cedar Producer, Postmaster and Manager of Telephone Co., Wallace. Mr. Schuette has been very successful in farming. Schuette, E. E., Farm and Timber Lands, Vallace. Schuette, Fred, Farmer, S. 16, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Schuette, J. J., Farmner, S. 21, T. 34. R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Schultz, Gust, Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0 Hermansville. Schuts, John, Farmer, S. 7, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Schwartz, August, Farmer, S. 27, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0 Menominee. Schwartz, Otto W. C., Farmer, S. 13, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Sebbats, Mathias, Farmer, S. 25, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Sedergreen, E. G., Farmer, S. 26, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Seely, George N., Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Mr. Seely served in Co. D, 136th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry and Co. K. 96th New York Volunteers. Seemel, Chris, Farmer, S. 11, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Semes, Michael, Farmer, S. 22, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0 Stephenson. Senecal, Andria, Farmer, S 18, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Setunsky, Louis, Farmer, Sailor, Fisherman and Postmaster, S. 32, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Seward, R. N., Farmer, S. 5, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Sexton, V. B., Photographer, Spalding. "Shampo, Mose, Farmer, S. 5, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Shanahan, John, Sr., Farmier, S. 26, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Sharon, Frank, Farmer, S. 4, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Shattuck, David, Farmer, S. 26, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Shelinder, 0. P., Farmer, S. 33, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Shemick, John, Farmer, S 4, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Shepeard, John, Farmer, S. 19, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Mr. Shepeard was born in 1845 at Montreal, Canada He came to the United States in 1856 and to Michigan in 1872. He was married to Mary Reece in 1870. They had four children, three now living. Mr. Shepeard served in Co. K, 6th Vermont Volunteer from 1861 to 1864. In 1864 he enlisted in the navy and served until 1868 at which time he received an honorable discharge. Shepeck, James, Farmer and Gardener, S. 27, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Shorkey, Dave, Farmer, S. 32, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Sicore. Joe, Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Sieman, Fred D., Farmer, S. 35, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Simmet, Mrs. A., Farming, S. 15, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Simon, Henry, Farmer, S. 9, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Sinisalo, Elmer, Farmer, S. 19, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Sjoberg, John, Farmer, S. 19, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Skog, Charles, Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Slomsky, Frank, Farmer, S. 8, T. 40, R. 25, P. 0. Labranche. Smiltneek, John P., Farmer, S. 2, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Smiltneek, Martin, Farmer, S. 11, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Smith, F. E., Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Smith, George M., Dealer in General Merchandise, Wallace. Smith, Robert Bruce, Farmer, S. 27, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Mr. Smith served in Co. M, 1st Iowa Cavalry. Smith & Howland, Proprietors Orchard Lawn Stock and Dairy Farm, S. 19, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Smyth, W. J., Farmer, S. 12, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Snow, G. C., Farmer, S. 2, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Bagley.. Solander, Conrad, Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0 Stephenson. Sorensen, Eskild, Farmer, S. 27, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Sorensen, Rasmus, Dairyman, S. 10, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Sorensou, Jens, Farmer, S. 16, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Sorenson, Peter, Farmer, S. 20, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Sorenson, Sam., Farmer, S. 21, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Sova, John, Farmer, S. 32, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Sova, Wim., Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Spencer & Riley, Dealers in Farm Implements, Menominee. Spies, C. A., Dealer in Lands, Menominee. Spitzer, John. Farmer, S. 27, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Spitzer, Joseph, Parmer, S. 28, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Spitzer, Lawrence, Farmer, S. 32, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Spitzer, Peter, Farmer, S. 28, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Springer, Chai. B., Farmer and Lumniber Manufacturer, S. 7, T. 32, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Springer, Chas. B., Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Springer, Herman E., Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. St. Antoine, George, Farmer, S. 23, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. St. John, A., Farmer, S. 10, T 38, R. 26. P. 0. Spalding. St. Onge, Eli, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Powers. Stage, Jos., Farmer and Lumber Manufacturer, S. 21, T. 35, R. 25, P. 0. Cedar River. Starrs, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Stebbens, B. D., Farmer, S. 13, T. 40, R. 25, P. 0. Labranche. Steeno, Frank, Farmtner, S. 30, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Nathan. Stephenson, L. M., Est., Real Estate, Farms and Timber Lands, Menominee. Stern, Christian L., Farmer, S. 35, T 36, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Stewart, Joseph, Foreman for C. I. Cook on the Nine Mile Farm, S. 32, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Stibritz, Win., Farmer, S. 26, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Strahl, Herman, Farmer, S. 3, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Strehlau, Mrs. E., Farming, S. 34, T 35, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Strohl, Leonard, Farmtner, S. 24, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Strohi, Mike, Farmer, S. 23, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Sundberg, Axel, Farmtner, S. 12, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Sundstrom, P. E, Farmer, S. 30, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Sunila, Robert, Farmer, S 21, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Superior Insurance Agency, Real Estate, Loans and Abstracts, Menominee. Swaningson, Swaning, Farmer and Manufacturer of Lumber, S. 36, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. Swanson, Albert, Farmter, S. 18, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Swanson, A. G., Farmer, S. 20, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Swanson, Chas., Farmtner, S. 18, T. 35, R 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Swanson, Chas G., Farmer and Secretary of Pioneer Grange No. 1308, S. 14, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Swanson, Mrs. G.., Farming, S. 32, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Swanson, Gust, Farmer, S. 14, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Swanson, Nels, Farmer, S. 4, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Swanson, Nels, Farmer, S. 24, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Swatnson, Otto, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 27, P. 0. Hermansville. Swill, Anton, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0 Harris. Swill, Peter, Farmtner, S. 9, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Sword, A. L., Farmer, Faithorn. Szamniaglick, Martin, Farmer, S. 22, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Tanguay, Cyrille, Farmer, S. 11, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0 Menominee. Tanguay, Ferdinand, Farmter, S. 11, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Tanguay, J. A., Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Tanguay, Joe, Farmer, S. 33, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0 Carney. Tasquin, Louis, Farmer, S. 34, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Theuerkauf, Gustav, Dairy Farmer and Breeder of Thoroughbred Jersey Cattle, S. 14, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Thiry, Jule, Farmer, S. 6, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Thompson, Edward, Farmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Thone, Antone, Farmner, S. 17, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Thoney, Adolph, Farmer, S. 1, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Thoney, Jacob, Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R 27, P. 0. Daggett. Thoney, Nick, Farmner, S, 5, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Daggett. Thoney, Nick, Farmer, S. 9, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Thorpe, Chas. T., Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Thoune, Joe A., Farmer, S 2, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Spalding. Thuerkauf, Julius, Dairyman, S. 3, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Thoune, Emanuel, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Tickler, Albert, Farmer, S. 18, T 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Tjernlund, John, Farmer, S. 31, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Tjurnvall, John, Farmer, Carpenter, Contractor and Builder, S. 30, T. 36,. R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Tombes, Charles, Farmer, S. 16, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Tracy, John I., Lawyer, Menominee. Trehey, Wm., Farmer, S. 15, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Dacett. Trepania, Jo., Farmer, S. 18, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Nadeau. Trosdahl, Thos., Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Trousil, Adolph, Manufacturer of Full Cream Cheese, Wilson. Trousil, John, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Truman, Joseph, Farmer, S. 28, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Turcatte, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. 35, R 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Tuttle, E. C., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Turner, C. E., Farmer, S. 19, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Da,,,ett. Turner, J. E., Farmer, S. 20, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Tyra, Frank, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Wilson. Underwood, Mrs. R., Farming, S. 5, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Van Court, Mike, Farmer, S. 10, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. Vandenplas, Frank, Farmer, S. 8, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Carney. Van Patten, S. R., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 1, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0O Ingallston. Vanstrom, John, Farmer, S. 1, T. 32, R 27, P. 0. Menominee. Vavra, Frank, Farmer, S 13, T. 33, R. 28, P. 0. Menominee. Veeser, Joseph, Farmer, S. 25, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Viau, Hermidas, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Eustis. Viau, Treffle, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 25, P. 0. Eustis. Vincent Bros., Farmers, S. 28, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Vincent, Joe, Farmer, S. 32, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Vojcihoski, F., Farmer, S. 1, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Volk, C. W., General Hardware and Farm Implements, Blacksmith and' Wagonmaker, Wallace. Waberg, P. L., Farmer, S. 20, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Wachter, F. A., Dealer in General Merchandise and Postmaster of Bagley, Bagley. Wachter, Henry, Notary Public, Local Agent for the sale of C. & N. W. R. R. Co. Lands; also for Spalding Lumber Co., and others, Bagley.. Wagner, Andrew, Farmer, S. 2, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Wagner, August, Farmer, S. 2, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Wagner, F. W., Farmer, S. 2, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Wagner, H., Farmer, S. 26, T. 37, R. 27, P. 0. Carney. Wagner, Louis, Farmer, S. 4, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Waite, W. F., Lawyer, Menominee. Walander, Frank, Gardener, S. 27, T. 32, R 27, P. 0. Menominee. Waldo, Neis, Farmer. S. 33, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. Wall, 0rin, Farmer, S. 2, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Ingalls. "Walton, P. G., Postmaster of Daggett, Daggett. Waltonen, John, Farmer, S 22, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Wangerin, August, Farmer, S. 26, T. 35, R. 28, P. 0. Stephenson. Wangerin, Chas., Farmer, S. 36, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. WVangerin, Emil, Farmer, S. 36, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. Wangerin, Frank, Farmer, Stephenson. Wanske, Martin, Farmer, S. 23, T. 34, R. 26, P. 0. Wallace. Warner, Hiram, Farmer, S. 23, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Stephenson. "XVayeynen, P., Farmer, S. 21, T. 36, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. Weber, Louis, Farmer, S. 27, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. XVedell, Arvid, Farmer, S. 24, T. 38, R. 25, P. 0. Bark River. "XVeinfort, Joseph, Farmer, S. 36, T. 33, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. | Wells, J. W. Lumber Co., Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber, Lath. and Shingles, Menominee.; Wells, Wmin., Farmer, S. 13, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Stephenson. WVeng, L. P. & Son, Dealers in Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes, Groceries,. Provisions, Flour and Feed, Daggett. "Werline, G. T., Dealer in Farms and Timber Lands, Nadeau. Wery, Peter, Farmer, S. 10, T. 37, R. 25, P. 0. Harris. Westerback, John, Farmer, S. 30, T. 35, R. 26, P. 0. Daggett. WVesterdahl, John, Farmer, S. 22, T. 37, R. 26, P. 0. Carney. I WVestman, Peter, Farmer, S. 30, T. 36, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. Wheaton, Peter, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Fresh and Salt Meats,. and Farm Implements, 2309 Broadway, Menominee. Wheeler, Peter, Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 26, P. 0. Powers. Wickman, Oscar, Farmer, S. 27, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Wiesner, Herman, Farmer, S. 27, T. 36, R. 27 P. 0. Daggett. Wigren, Magnus, Farmer, S. 18, T. 36, R. 25, P. 0. Daggett.: Wilkins, C W., Postmaster of Nathan, Depot and Express'Agent, Dealer lI in Groceries, Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes and Hardware, Nathan. Williams, Arthur 0., Fisherman and Farmer, S. 22, T. 33, R. 26,'P. 0.| Ingallston. Williams, Eli, Farmer, Fisherman and Dealer in Wines, Liquors and. I Cigars, S. 12, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingaliston. Wiltzins, Benard, Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 28, P. 0. Faithorn. Wilson, Chas C., Farmer and Gardener, S. 27, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Winberg, J. A., Farmer, S. 15, T. 34, R. 27, P. 0. Wallace. Winter, W. B., Undertaking, Dealer in General Merchandise andJ Furniture, Stephenson. Wolfe, Frank, Farmer, S. 33, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Wolfenberger, John, Farmer, S. 7, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Menominee. Woods, John, Farmer, S. 8, T. 35, R. 27, P. 0. Daggett. "Worthing, Alonzo, Farmer, S. 12, T. 36, R. 28, P. 0. Nathan. Wozniak, Frank, Farmer, S 1, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Wozniak, Joseph, Farmer, S. 32, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Wozniak, Martin, Farmer and Fisherman, S. 5, T. 32, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Wurtzel, Herman, Proprietor of Hotel and Dealer in Wines and Liquors, Daggett. Zeiser, Charles, Manufacturer of Lumber and Lath, Dealer in General| Merchandise, Arthur Bay. Zeratzki, August, Farmer, S. 20, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee. Ziminski, Frank, Farmer, S. 33, T. 33, R. 26, P. 0. Ingallston. Zoerb, F. J., Farmer, S. 2, T. 32, R. 27, P. 0. Menominee.. ~:4I

Page  71 MDVLRTISING SLGTION Stephenson Livery F. C. BARTELS, PROPRIETOR. Hearse and Turnouts for Funerals. Phone 17. John Dunham & Son Jacob J. Martinek Emerson-Corbin Supply Co. Jobbers in DEALERS IN Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes, HARDWARE, Groceries, Provisions. Abstracts, Insurance, Real Estate, Loans, Notary Public; Steamship tickets Telephone: Office 144; Res., 144-4R 928 Main Street MENOMINEE - MICH.,o e. o1. Uolk Dealer In General Hardware and Farm Implements Mill and Mining Supplies and Plumbing and Heating Supplies MENOMINEE - MICH. NATIONAL HOTEL AND GRANGERS HEADQUARTERS DEWITT BROWN, Prop.,Steam Heat, Electric Bells, Bath Roonts, 'Bus Line. Menominee Gun Club Headquarters. Buffet in connection. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Phone 110. New Bijou Theatre in connection. 700-704 Main St. - Menorminee, Mich. Blacksmith- Wagonmaker Horse Shoeing a Specialty. WALLACE - - MICH. STEPHENSON, MICH DAGGETT:: MICH I ---------I-- I-------I-- I First State Bank of Powers, Michigan Gencral Banlking G. T. WERLINE, Pres. NICOLAS PETERSON, V. P. F. J. WITMEYVER, Cashier. DIRECTORS-G. T. Werline, Nicolas Peterson, Louis Nadeau, F. J Witmeyer, J. Foritanna, C. E. Bradner and Dr. E. R. Westcot. Geo. H. BErck Proprietor of the INGALLS LIVE R Y FEED AND SALE STABLE Personal attention given to boarding. First class teams to let at prices " that are right. Phcne connection. The Lumbermen's Natiolnal Bank WM. HoI-oEs, Pres. WV. S. CARPENTER, V. P. M. S. HARMON, Cashier WM. WEBB HARMON, Ass't Cash. General Banking HANS L. PAULSEN Wholesale and Retail Dealer In fircceries, ProvisioIIs, And Bread. Fresh and Salt Meats. Cattle and Horses bought and exchanged PETER WHEATON Wholesale and Retail Dealer In Fresh o Salt leals CATTLE HORSES All Kinds of Farm Implements. 2309 Broadway. Phone 191. MENOMINEE - MICH. INGALLS: MICH. MENOMINEE - MICH. INGALLS - - MICH. We Want Your Trade. If good, reliable goods, lowest possible prices, fair and square dealing and polite attention will get it, we can count on you for a customer CARL G. BERGIVALL, Stt phenson, Mich. c. w. schuelte General mcrchandise and Cedar Producer Since 1902 Cedar Posts, Poles, Ties, Piling, Bark and Cord Wood. Postmaster and manager of Wallace telephone go. Bell Connections WALLACE: MICHIGAN C. J. Huetel Co. Producers and Wholesalers White Cedar Posts and Poles Also Western Pojes. Our yard is located on the C. & N. W.: C. M. & St. Paul, and Ann Arbor railways. IRA CARLEY LHOTE BROS. Manufacturer of Rough and Dressed LUMBER Shingles, Lath, Cedar Posts and Poles Also Dealer In... General Merchandise MENOMINEE - MICIH. INGALLS - - MICH. Manufacturers' Agents VEHICLES, Agricultural Implements, Saw Mill Machinery and Supplies Storage, Transfer and Jobbers. 319-321 Grand Ave. Long Distance Phone 130-L. LIVERY AND 'BUS LINE 93 Ludington Ave.: Phone 88 MENOMINEE MICHIGAN Menominee and Marinette Light and Traction Co. AUGUSTUS SPIES, Pres. G. A. BLESCH, Vice Pres. HARRY J. BROWN, Treas. EDWARD DANIEILL, Sec'y-Manager G. S. POWER J. M. OPSAHL Power and Opsahl Attorneys And Counselors At Law Office-Spies BullJing J. W. WELLS, President A. C. WELLS, Vice President. C. H. LAW, Sec'y and Treasurer. J. W. Wells Lumber Co. Manufacturers of and Dealers in LUMBER, Lath and Shingles. MENOMINEE - MICH. MENOMINEE - MICH. COX & ROPER Louis La Branche DEALER IN Lumber, Ties and Forest Products, also General Merchandise. POSTMAST ER Insurance, Real Estate, Real Estate Loans. Fire, cyclone, boiler, plate glass, accident, life, burglary, and automobile insurance. Employers' liability and surety bonds. 508 Main Street, Menominee River Sugar Company C. I. Cook, Pres. John Henes, V. P. F. L. Brown, Sec'y 'G. A. Blesch, Treas. G. W. McCormick, Mgr. Orcbard awn Stock and Dairy Farm SMITH & HOWLAND, Props. Breeders of Percberon borses and Duroc:3jersev Swine First Class Dairy in connection. Young Stock for Sale. R. D. 1, Box 129, Menominee, Mich. LA BRANCHE': MICH. MENOMINEE MICH. MENOMINEE - MICH. jMENOMINEE - MICH. John B. Junion CARNEY, MICH. Agent for Menominee County for the W. T. RAWLEIGH MEDICAL COMPANY FREEPORT - ILLINOIS o ermists Importers - manufacturers. Wmi. Duquaine Blacksmith: Wagon-maker Horse Shoeing and Wagon Repairing a Specialty. Dealer In Harness of All Kinds, Buggies, Wagons, and all kinds of Farm Machinery. S. J. Matheys Manufacturer of Lumber and Lath Dealer In General Merchandise Proprietor of the Nadeau Cheese Factory Jacob Rosenberg Dealer In J. I. (iunwillc Dealer in "The Man From Carney" (Michigan) PETER GARRIGAN NOTARY PUBLIC REiL E8TRTB Fire and Life Insurance Mortgage Loans, Conveyancing. Collections a Specialty. "Yours For A Square Deal" CARNEY - - MICIH. PHOTOS. Call and see me for all kinds of Photos. All grades of high class Portraitures, Landscapes and Views. Children's Pictures a Specialty. All work guaranteed. Yours for fair dealings. V. B. SEXTON THE PHOTOGRAPHER SPALDING - - MICHIGAN Charles Zeiser Manufacturer of Lumber and Lath. Dock in connedtion. DEALER IN General Merchandise fresb and Salt meats Wholesaler of Fresh and Salt Fish. Staple groceries Truits, Uegetables SPALDING - MICH. NADEAU MICH. CEDAR RIVER, MICH POWERS MICH. Wallie Landree Manufacturer of Full Cream Cheese and dealer in General Merchandise STEPHENSON MICH. S. ERB F B Menominee County Journal WOESSNER & MARSON PUBLISHERS Veterinary L Livery Stable 2410 Broadway MENOMINEE - MICH. ROPER Lumber-Cedar Company Lumber, Lath, Shingles and Cedar Products Low Grade Cedar Shingles our Specialty Room 1 Leisen & Henes Block Telephone No; 98-R 3 Arthur Hart BLACKSMITH and Wagon Maker. HORSE SHOEING A SPECIALTY. Fine Stationery and C Work. Embossing a Specialty Printers of Everything.olor General Merchandise Stephenson - - Michigan MENOMINEE - MICH. CARNEY MICH. ARTHUR BAY - MICH.

Page  72 v a m lffiý liii,ýill -10 pl -ism fADVERTISING SEGTION The Charles B. Springer Hotel t The Charles B. Springer Hotel was completed and opened the first day of May, 1912. It is lo16 cated four milesi from C rl Menominee, on the Bay I Shore Road. The new.... hotel has steam heat, ____________ electric lights and other conveniences for the N comfort oi its guests. The rooms are of good size and nicely hardwood finished. In connection with the hotel is a large park of evergreen and hardwood trees - also a beautiful 40-acre lakeside. Charles B. Springer Menominee, Mich. The Michigan Refining and Preserving Co. - Canners and Preservers Owners of NORTHERN CANNERIES, Menominee, Mich., Packing NORTHERN BRANDTomatoes, Corn, Peas, Pork and Beans, Sauer Kraut, Beets, Wax Beans, String Beans, Red Kidney Beans, Pumpkin, Squash, Strawberries, Apples, Blueberries, Red Raspberries, Peaches, Pears, Plums, Pickles, Cider, Cider Vinegar, Mince Meat, Catsup, Sauces, Chile Sauce, Piccalilli, Jelly, Jams, Preserves, Olives, Mustard, Maple Syrup. MENOMINEE - - - MICHIGAN m I ILouis J. LEISEN, Pres. V. M. LEISEN, Vice Pres. JOHN HiENES, Sec'y-Treas. LEISEN & HENES Brewing Company Capacity 75,000 Barrels SPECIAL BRANDSSilver Brand Nuernberger Standard Family MENOMINEE - MICH. I L.E. Weng & Son DEAI,ERS IN DRY 0ODS, CLOTHINO, Shoes, Groceries, Provisions, Flour and Feed Hardware, Tinware, Crockery, Furniture and Undertaking Supplies. Cedar Posts; Poles, Ties, Piling, Wood and Tan Bark. DAGGETT - - 1\MICH. I I i AUGUSTUS SPIES, Pres. JOHN HENEs,-Vice Pres. G. A. BLESCH, -Cashier. CLINTON W. GRAM, Ass't Cash. First National Bank OF MENOMINEE, MICH. Organized 1884 Capital $200.000. Surplus $SO,000. DIRECTORS Augustus Spies. John Henes, C. I. Cook, I. Stephenson, Jr., Edward Daniell,. A. W. Blom, Peter Wheaton, C. W. Gram, G. A. Blesch. I P. PERRIZO - P PERRIZO, JR. E. PERRIZO PERRIZO & SONS Michigan White Cedar Poles, Posts, Shingles, Ties - BEST THAT GROWS Hemlock Lumber and Lath. General Merchandise. Yards at Daggett, Mich., on C. & N-W. R'y Nathan 1 Ames, Mich. (W. & M R'y.) W. F, WAITE! LAW"YOER A. A. JUTINER Real Estate and Insurance MENOMINEE - MICH. 4 John E. Tracy Counsellor at Law 507 Main Street MENOMINEE - MICH. 1 Powers=Spalding TRIBUNE Charles J. Quade, Publisher. 3ob Printing HENRY WACHTER Notary Public Spencer? iIC Dealers in "farm Implements MENOMINEE - MICH. T. I. U O M. D. POWERS - - MICH. FRANK BEATSON Dealer in General Merchandise POWERS - MICHIGAN E. SAWBRIDGE, Druggist IRENE SAWBRIDGE, Mgr. SawbridgN's PHEarma ICH STEPHENSON - MICH. I I i MENOMINEE - MICI. Dealer in Real Estate "Tomorrow may be too late." J. N. LABILLOIS H. B. MOULTON La Billois & Moulton LESSEES OF Menominee Insurance Agency Limited INSURANCE 925 Main St., Menominee, Mich. INSURANCE and REAL ESTATE INSURANCE - Fire, Employers' Liability, Accident, Plate Glass, Boiler, Life, and Bonds. REAL ESTATE - Transfers of Property, Loans, Abstracts, Collection of Rents. Commercial Bk. Bldg. Phone 142 MENOMINEE: MICHIGAN MENOMINEE COUNTY, The Garden 5pot of flichigan ~. and the.. Gateway to the Upper Peninsula. Farm Lands and Improved Farms For Sale. Money Loaned on Real Estate Abstracts of Title to all lands and lots in Menominee county. Write for our Free Booklet. G. H. HAGGERSON, Pres. A. W. BLOM, Sec'y-Treas. MIenominee Abstract 4 Land Co. Local and Long Distance Phone, 125. 923 Main St., Menominee, Mich. Land Agent for the C. & N-W. R'y Co. Lands. Groceries, Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes and Hardware. NATHAN - - MICH. ( Manufacturers and Daalers in Band and Gang Sawed LUMBER Shingles, Bark, Cedar Posts, Poles. Ties and General Merchandise. Telegraph Office at Menominee. Long Distance Telephone in our office. Cargo Shipments. CEDAR RIVER - MICH. DEALER IN General Merchandise Furniture and Undertaking OUR SPECIALTYBlacksmithing 9 Wagon Making. Windows, Doors, Glass, Paints and Oils. Buggies, Wagons, Sleighs, Farm Machinery, Harness and Blankets. STEPHENSON: MICHIGAN Nadeau Brothers Manufacturers of and Dealers in Cumber, ~and$, ier candi d16 Hemlock, Pine and Hardwood Lumber, Flooring, Shingles, Siding, Cedar Posts anJ Poles. General Merchandise. Produce. Implements. FARM LANDS. NADEAU: - MICH. WISCONSIN Land and Lumber Co. G. W. EARLE, President. Hemlock, White Pine and Hardwood Lumber. White Cedar Shingles, Cedar Posts, Poles, Ties. "Not How Cheap, but How Good" I. X. L. Hardwood Flooring I. X. L. Polished Rock Maple Flooring. Birch and Cherry Flooring, Basswood Ceiling, Siding, Finish and Mouldings. HERMANSVILLE: MICH. m * S. Crawford & Sons W. B. WINTER BAGLEY MICHIGAN Frank Lienna Dealer in Dry Goods, Clothing and Shoes Groceries and Provisions STEPHENSON: MICHIGAN SPALDING MICH. P. R. JOHNSON CHOICE Wines, Liquors, and cigars DAGGETT - - MICH. I F. A. WACHTER Dealer in Ieneral Merchandise BAGLEY - - MICH. I I Nelson Brothers Dealers in I I Groceries, Provisions, HARDWARE And Forest Products, JOHN CORRY Dealer in LANDS MARINETTE - WIS. NADEAU I G. T. WERLINE Dealer in RaI Cs$tatc MICHIGAN SUPERIOR INSURANCE AGENCY R. H. PANGBORN, Pres. C. J. HUEBEL, Vice Pres. C. C. HANSEN, Sec'y. E. J pLLENWOOD, Treas. PETER WHEATON, Chr. Board. I Real Estate, Loans, Abstracts, Insurance. Fire, Life, Automobile, Marine, Boiler and Plate Glass Insurance. SCyclone, Accident, Health and Burglary Insurance. Employers', Physicians and Druggists' Liability Insurance. Fidelity and Judicial Bonds. 710 Main Street, MENOMINEE - MICH. Menominee River Brewing Company W. REINDL, President and Gen. Mgr. FRANK ERDLITZ, Sec'y and Treasurer. Bottled Beer a Specialty. Capacity, 60,000 Barrels. Manufacturers of "$1000 Standard Beer" Golden Drops, Silver Cream and Special Eagle Brew MENOMINEE MICH. KELL BROS. I I I DAGGETT MICH Dr. D. R. Landsorough Dealers in Dr. D. R. Landsbrou Hardware and Furniture GEORGE M. SMITH| Dealer in General Merchandise I Druggist and Pharmacist Proprietors POWERS Powers Livery - MICHIGAN r t DAGGETT - MICHIGAN I ý I Nieman, Pipkorn & Roehl DEALERS IN... General Merchandise, Ieats and oresl Produas. Et E* Scbut'Ie Farm and Timber Lands for Sale. A. L. SAWYER LAWYER WALLACE - - MICH fiEORE BARSTOW ATTORNEY and Counselor at Law STEPHENSON - MICH. GUM Time and Suit Payments to Buyer. i IMENOMINEE MICH. HERMANSVILLE: MICHIGAN I WALLACE - - MICH. i iiiI MINOR

Page  73 PAGE 73 ILLUSTRFf\TIONS D. R. LANDSBOROUGH, M. D., DAGGETT, MICHIGAN. JACOB J. MARTINEK, Real Estate, MENOMINER, MICHIGAN. G. T. WERLINE, NADEAU, MICHIGAN. GUST E. PETERSON, CHAS. PETERSON, of Carney Supply Co., of Carney Supply Co., CARNEY, MICHIGAN. CARNEY, MICHIGAN. R H. PANGBORN. MENOMINEE COUNTY COURT HOUSE, MENOMINEE, MICHIGAN. C. J. HUEBEL. MR. H. B. MOULTON. GEO. HARTER. PETER MADSEN. AUGUST WANGERIN. ERICK MADSEN. JOHN FRIBERG. ALFRED C. SAMUELSON. FRANK MARTIN. ROSS J. KELLEY. ROBERT MULHOLLAND, Treasurer of Menominee Township.

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Page  75 I ILLoUSTR ATIONS PAGE 75 A. L. SAWYER. JAMES RASMUSSEN. MAGNUS NELSON. E. E. SCHUETTE. MR. J. N. LABILLOIS. AUG. REICHARDT. EUGENE BELONGIE AND DAUGHTER. MR. AND MRS. GEORGE BEATTIE. ALEX BOUTY. JUDGE E. S. INGALLS. -MR. HUGH BAGLEY AND FAMILY. NOEL NAULT. MR. AND MRS. ROBERT PLUT- CHARLEY HOLMAN AND TWO CHAK. OLDEST DAUGHTERS. 1 A. L. SWORD. 0. M. OLSON. V. B. SEXTON. H. HANNON. GUST PLUTCHAK.

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Page  77 PAGE 77 & ILLUSTRATIONS A ___________________ DEWITT BROWN, Proprietor National Hotel, ýMENOMINEE, MICHIGAN. N. KLAUK, MARINETTE, WISCONSIN. HERMAN WURTZEL. EDWARD BERGOUIST. PETER WHEATON. MR. AND MRS. CHAS. BURT. E. J ELLENWOOD. 1.-Henes Park. 2.-High School. 3.-Agricultural School. 4.--Million-Dollar Beet Sugar Factory. 5.-Canning and Pickling Plant. 6.-Land Office. 7.--Spies Public Library. 8.-Spies Block, Menominee, Michigan. C. C. HANSEN. AUGUST DICKMAN AND DAUGHTER GERTRUDE. ISAAC PETERSEN. MR. THOS. LEAVECK AND FAMILY. W. J. MULLEN. JOHN FEZATTE. VICTOR LIBERTY AND FAMILY. MR. AND MRS. H. 0. HALL.

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Page  79 SILLUSTRfATION3 PAGE 79 MARTIN FARRELL. JOHN SHANAHAN. HIRAM WARNER. JOS. PRESZ. SAMUEL HAMMERBERG. FRANK JOHNSON. MR. AND MRS. RICHARD HOLLSThN. SCENE ON LITTLE CEDAR RIVER, NEAR STEPHENSON, MICHIGAN. CHAS. GUAY. ORIN WALL. JAMES MACHIA. PHOTO FROM MAGNUS WIGREN. MR. AND MRS. MAGNUS WIGREN. PHOTO FROM JAMES MACHIA. XAVIER LABRE, SR.

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Page  81 I ILLUSTRfATIONS PAGE 8I MR. AND MRS. FERRIER LEBLANC. MR. AND MRS. JOHN ANTIKAIN. MR. AND MRS. OLE NELSON. MR. WM. PHILLIPS AND MRS. SADI PHILLIPS. MR. EDW. CARLSON AND MRS. M. CARLSON. TELESPHORE GAUTHIER. PETER WHEELER, WIFE, SON AND DAUGHTER-IN-LAW. F. J. AND ANNIE GRUN. GILBERT SAVOIE AND FAMILY GROUP. AUGUST JEAN. MR. AND MRS. ADOLPH THONIAY AND FAMILY. PHOTOS FROM JOSEPH PELTIER. THE CHAS. B. SPRINGER HOTEL (Under Construction.) Located Four Miles From Menominee on the Bay Shore Road. RESIDENCE OF WALTER P. GALARNO. PHOTO FROM HERMAN DICKMAN. RESIDENCE OF M. N. RYBERG. RESIDENCE OF OTTO SWANSON. RESIDENCE OF ALBERT SWANSON. RESIDENCE OF CHAS. C. DUROW.

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Page  83 I i I 83 PAGE & ILLUSTRATIONS I I I - - I f HENRY MARQUETT. JULIUS PLUTCHAK. NELS WHITE. CARL OLSON. ANDREW WAGNER. MR. GUST AND MRS. IDA PEARSON. SCENE ON FARM OF PAUL BRUNETTE. LOUIS WAGNER AND FAMILY. MR. AND MRS. JAMES B. RICKINSON. STORE OF C. W WILKENS, NATHAN, MICHIGAN. PHOTO FROM F. A. WACHTER, BAGLEY, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF MARCEL DUMAS. PHOTOS FROM NATHAN CLARK, DAGGETT, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF J. P. CARLSON. FERRIER LEBLANC'S "SUGAR BUSH." RESIDENCE OF RASMUS OLSON. MR. AND MRS. AL GARRIGAN AND DAUGHTER. RESIDENCE OF CHAS. SAWALL. JOHN FELLNER AND- FAMILY GROUP.

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Page  85 BjI ULUSTRATIONS I'AGl 85 a ERIC GUST SEDERGREN. GEORGE GRAU AND FAMILY GROUP. STARTING A NEW TOWN AT BANAT, MICHIGAN, OCTOBER 4, 1909. Photo From F. J. Schmidt, Post Master and Colonizer, BANAT, MICHIGAN. RUDOLPH PLUTCHACK AND FAMILY GROUP. CHAS. WILSON. PHOTOGRAPH FROM GEORGE LACOMB. PHOTO FROM M. 0. DEPATIE. FRED D. SIEMAN. BANK OF STEPHENSON, RESIDENCE OF THEODORE JASPER. STEPHENSON, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF ANDREW BERGSTROM. GRANGE HALL, Pioneer Grange No. 1308, P. of H, Organized 1907, Incorporated 1910, STEPHENSON, MICHIGAN. '1 RESIDENCE OF ROBERT BEATTIE. PHOTO FROM WM. BELLEFUEIL. STORE OF DR. T. J. HUTTON, POWERS, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF JOSEPH BETTER. RESIDENCE OF W. N. GRUN..CRUSHER PLANT ON COUNTY ROAD, CAMP NO. 2, SEASON OF 1911. SCENE- ON FARM OF V. J. LAMACK. SCENE OF INCOMPLETE SUB-GRADE ON BAY SHORE ROAD, MENOMIN]EE COUNTY, MICHIGAN.

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Page  87 l ILUST RfATIONS PAGE 87 IRA CARLEY'S STOCK FARM, INGALLS, MICHIGAN. THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK, MENOMINER, MICHIGAN. MENOMINEE ABSTRACT AND LAND ASSOCIATION, LIMITED. RESIDENCE OF GUS DITTMORE. RESIDENCE AND SAW MILL OF A. DUROW, DAGGETT, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE AND SCENE ON FARM OF JOHN N. MOBERG. RESIDENCE AND BARN OF AMOS HART. RESIDENCE AND BARN OF LEVI FROCK. RESIDENCE AND CORN FIELD ON PARM OF LOUIS WAGNER. RESIDENCE AND SCENE ON FARM OF F. KNOPE., THE J. S NOURSE FRUIT AND POULTRY FARM, INGALLSTON, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE AND SCENE ON FARM OF JOHN FISH. RESIDENCE AND BLACKSMITH SHOP OF ARTHUR HART, CARNEY, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE, BARN AND PEA FIELD OF JOHN GARDNER. RESIDENCE OF A. F. MAGNUSON. RESIDENCE OF JULE DUCA. RESIDENCE OF JOHN J. MENZA. "MAPLE LEAF DAIRY FARM," RESIDENCE OF RASMUS SORENSEN.

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Page  89 89 PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS -J RESIDENCE OF CHRISTIAN STERN. RESIDENCE OF GUST ENFIELD. RESIDENCE OF NICK THONEY. RESIDENCE AND FAMILY OF ANDREW E. WENG. RESIDENCE OF C. E. ANDERSON. RESIDENCE OF ALBERT DANIELSON. RESIDENCE OF WM. LEAVECK. RESIDENCE OF THOS. HENDRICKSEN. IRA CARLEY'S FRUIT ORCHARD, INGALLS, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF ED. LEMAY. PHOTO FROM JOHN ANDERSON. RESIDENCE OF JAMES SHEPECK. RESIDENCE OF E. DETEMPAL. RESIDENCE OF MRS. G. W. DELOUGHARY. RESIDENCE OF NELS WALDO.

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Page  91 . ILLO A UJSTRA7TIONS PAGE 91 & RESIDENCE OF DR. H. T. GRAY. RESIDENCE OF TREFFLE VIAU. CARNEY, MICHIGAN. GENERAL STORE OF JOHN J. DUNN, JR., RESIDENCE OF HARMIDAS VIAU. FAITHORN, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF OLE JACKSON. RESIDENCE OF B. D. STEBINS. RESIDENCE OF MARTIN WANSKE. BARNS OF HERMAN DICKMAN. RESIDENCE OF FELIX CHARLIER. RESIDENCE OF M. 0. DEPATIE. FARM BUILDINGS OF LOUIS KRANTZ, BARN AND STABLE OF FRANK VANDENPLAS.:.-1 7777' RESIDENCE OF JOHN G. OLSON. "THE GRANGE," HOME OF CHAS G. SWANSON. RESIDENCE OF JAKE THONEY. RESIDENCE OF HIRAM HUBBARD. FARM BUILDINGS OF P. ALBERT LINDSTROM. SCENE ON ORCHARD GROVE FARM, John Ekmnan, Proprietor. RESIDENCE OF BENARD WILTZINS. RESIDENCE OF GUST DJUPSTROM.

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Page  93 PAGE 93 ILLUSTFRfATION8 I I MEAT MARKET OF HANS PAULSEN, INGALLS, MICHIGAN. FAMOUS HERD OF POLLED ANGUS CATTLE ON CHAS. I. COOK'S FARM. TOWN ROAD, MENOMINEE COUNTY, MICHIGAN. m SCENE ON FARM OF A. XV. BRANDT. RESIDENCE OF MATTHEW W. DOYLE. LITTLE RIVER FARM, Jos. Hnilicka, Proprietor. "RIVERSIDE FARM," RESIDENCE OF AUG. ZERATSKY. "PIONEER FARM," C. A. Erickson, Proprietor. PHOTO FROM ROBERT PLUTCHAK. RESIDENCE, STORE AND SCENE ON FARM OF C. W. SCHUETTE, WALLACE, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF HENRY WACHTER. RESIDENCE OF ALEX. LARSON. RESIDENCE OF JOHN ERDMAN. RESIDNECE OF 0. E. BLOMQUIST. RESIDENCE OF OL-E ANDERSON. - RESIDENCE OF JACOB IHATFNER. RESIDENCE OF VITAL DEL.iUREI4LEý

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Page  I UNITED STATES LAND SURLEYS SUPPLEMENT 1. - mj=m",w"=wm- - " ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM SOF A6wA AIML Admallb..9~pl-,Rmltk AW WL AL=M F'o, -- 0 METES AND BOUNDS - @ P to the time of the Revolutionary War, or until about the beginning of the present century, land, when parcelled out, and 1 sold or granted, was described by " Metes and Bounds," and that system is still in existence in the following States, or in those portions of them which had been sold or granted when the present plan of surveys was adopted, viz.: New York, \ Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas, "and the six New England States. To describe land by 6 Metes and Bounds," is to have a known land-mark for a place of beginning, 'TgX. and then follow a line according to the compass-needle (or magnetic bearing), or the course of a stream, or track of an ancient highway. This plan has resulted in endless confusion and litigation, as land-marks decay and change, and it is a well-known fact that % the compass-needle varies and does not always point due North. As an example of this plan of dividing lands, the following description of a farm laid out by " Metes and Bounds," is given: " Beginning at a stone on the Bank of Doe River, at a point where the highway from A. to B. crosses said river (see point marked C. S on Diagram 1); thence 40' North of West 100 rods to a large stump; thence 10~ North of West 90 rods; thence 15~ West of North 80 rods to an oak tree (see Witness Tree on Diagram 1); thence due East 150 rods to the highway; thence following the course of the highway 50 rods due North; thence 5~ North of East 90 rods; thence 45~ East of South 60 rods; thence 10~ North of East 200 rods to the Doe River; thence following the course of the river Southwesterly to the place of beginning." This, which is a very simple and moderate description by 1"Metes and Bounds," would leave the boundaries of the farm as shown in Diagram 1. MERIDIANS AND BASE LINES DIAGRAM 2 HE present system of Governmental Land Surveys was adopted by Congress on the 7th of May, 1785. It has been in use ever since and is the legal method of describing and dividing lands. It is called the "Rectangular System," that is, all its distances and bearings are measured from two lines which are at right angles to each other, viz.:-I-. These two lines, from which the measurements are made, are the Principal Meridians, which run North and South, and the Base Lines which run East and West. These Principal Meridians are established, with great accuracy. Each Principal Meridian has its Base Line, and these two lines form the basis or foundation for the surveys or measurement of all the lands within the territory which they control. Diagram 2 shows all of the Principal Meridians and Base Lines in the United States, and from it the territory governed by each Meridian and Base Line may be readily distinguished. Each Meridian and Base Line is marked with its proper number or name. Diagram 3 illustrates what is meant when this method is termed the "Rectangular System," and how the measurements are based on lines which run at right angles to each other. The heavy line running North and South (marked A. A.) on Diagram 3, represents the Principal Meridian, in this case say the 5th Principal Meridian. The heavy line running East and West (marked B. B.) is the Base Line. These lines are used as the starting points or basis of all measurements or surveys made in territory controlled by the 5th Principal Meridian. The same fact applies to all other Principal Meridians and their Base Lines. Commencing at the Principal Meridian, at intervals of six miles, lines are run North and South, parallel to the Meridian. This plan is followed both East and West of the Meridian throughout the territory controlled by the Meridian. Entered Acording to Act of Congress, in the year 1909, by Geo. A. Ogle &Co.. in the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington C D. C.

Page  II UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS SUPPLEMENT lI. These lines are termed "Range Lines." They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending North and South, parallel with the Meridian. Each division is called a Range. Ranges are numbered from one upward, comm' cing at the Meridian; and their numbers are indicated by Roman characters. For instance, the first division (or first six miles5 west of the Meridian is Range I. West; the next is Range II. West; then comes Range III., IV., V., VI., VII., and so on, until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian is reached. In the same manner the Ranges East of the Meridian are numbered, the words East or West being always used to indicate the direction from the Principal Meridian. See Diagram 3. -Commencing at the Base Line, at intervals of six miles, lines are run East and West parallel with the Base L-ie. These are designated as Township Lines. They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending East and West, parallel with the Base Line. This plan is followed both North and South of the Base Line until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian and Base Line is reached. These divisions or Townships are numbered from one upward, both North and South of the Base Line, and their numbers are indicated by figures. For instance: The first six mile division i.orth of the Base Line is Township I North; the next is Township 2 North; then comes Township 3, 4, 5, and 6, North, and so on. The same plan is followed South of the Base Line; the Townships being designated as Township 1 South, Township 2 South, and so on. The "North" or "South" (the initials N. or S. being generally used) indicates the direction from the Base Line. See Diagram 3. These Township and Range Lines, crossing each other, as shown in Diagram 3, form squares, which are called "Townships" or "Government Townships," which are six miles square, or as nearly that as it is possible to make them. These Townships are a very important feature in locating or describing a piece of land. The location of a Government Township, however, is very readily found when the number of the Township and Range is given, by merely counting the number indicated from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. As an example of this, Township 8 North, Range 4, West of the 5th Principal Meridian, is at once located on the square marked * on Diagram 3, by counting eight tiers north of the Base Line and 4 tiers west of the Meridian. DIAGRAM 3 TOWNSHIPSOF LAND. TOWNSHIPS are the largest subdivisions of land run out by the United States Surveyors. In the Governmental Surveys Township Lines are the first to be run, and a Township Corner is established every six miles and marked. This is called "Townshipping." After the Township Corners have been carefully locatedthe Section and Quarter Section Corners are established. Each Township is six miles square and contains 23,040 acres, or 36 square miles, as near as it is possible to make them. This, however, is frequently made impossible by. (1st) the pres. ence of lakes and large streams; /2nd) by State boundaries not falling exactly on Township Lines; (3rd) by the convergence of Meridians or curvature of the earth's surfac!, and (4th) by inaccurate surveys. Eac'ilownship, unless it is one of the exception'al cases referred to, is divided into 36 squares, which are called Sections. These Sections are intended to be one mile, or 320 rods, square and contain 640 acres of land. Sectionu are numbered consecutively from 1 to 36, as shown on Diagram 4. Beginning with Section 1 in the Northeast Corner, they run West to 6, then East to 12, then West to 18, and so on, back and forth, until they end with Section 36 in the Southeast Corner. Diagram 4 shows a, plat of a Township as it is divided and platted by the government surveyors. These Townships are called Government Townships or Congressional Townships, to distinguish them from Civil Townships or organized Townships, as frequently the lines of organized Townshipi- do not conform to the Government TowTship lines. SECT'ONS OF LAND. 12 FRACTIONAL PIECES OF LAND. 0NGRESSIONAL Townships vary considerably as to size and boundaries. Mistakes made in surveying and the fact that Meridians converge as they run North cause every Township to vary 14 19 more or less from the 23,040 acres which a perfect Township would contain. See Diagram 4. In arranging a Township into Sections all the surplus or deficiency of land ____ _..is given to, or taken.from, the North and West tiers of Sections. In other words, all ' Sections in the Township are made full23:640 acres-except those on the North and 22 23, 24 West, which are given all the land that is I left after forming the other 25 Sections. Diagram 4 illustrates how the surplus or "deficiency is distributed and the Sections it _-____.__....__ ,2'ects. It will be seen that Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 18, 19, 30 and 31, are the "Fractional Sections," or the Sections which are affected if the Township overruns 225 or falls short. Inside of these Fractional Sections, all of the surplus or deficiency of land (over or under 640 acres) is carried to the "forties" or "eighties" that touch the "Township Line. These pieces of land are called "Fractional Forties" or "Fractional CEighties," as the case may be. Diagrams 4 and 6 show the manner of marking the acreage and outlining the boundaries of these "Fractions." Diagram 6 illustrates how the surplus or,__deficiency of land inside of these Sections is distributed and which "forties" or "'Ieighties" it affects. From this arrangement it will be seen that in any Section that touches the North or West Township Lines, the Southeast Quarter may be full-160 acres-while another quarter of the same Section may be much larger or smalier. Frequently these fractional "forties" or "eighties" are lotted as shown in Diagram 6. They are always described as fractional tracts of land, as the "fractional S.W. ~ of Section 6," etc. Of course those portions of these Sections which are not affected by these variations are described in the usual manner-as Southeast I of Section 6. As a rule Townships are narrower at the North tbanat the South side. The Meridians of Longitude (which run North and South) converge as they run North and South from the Equator. They begin at the Equator with a definite width-etween them and gradually converge until they all meet at the poles. Now, as the Range lines are run North and South, it will at once be seen that the convergence of Meridians will caus, every Congressional Township (North of the Equator) to be narrower at its North than at its South side, as stated. See Diagram 4. In addition to this fact, mistakes of measurement are constantly and almost unavoidably made' TAGRAM 5 illustrates how a section 1.99. may be subdivided, although the -. Diagram only gives a few of the (43,. I many subdivisions into which a section may be divided. All Sections (except fractional Sections) are supposed to be 320 rods, or one mile, square and therefore contain 640 acres-a number easily divisible. Sections are subdivided into fractional parts to suit the convenience of the owners of the land. A half-section contains 320 acres; a quarter-section contains 160 acres; haif of a quarter contains 80 acres, and quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, and so on. Each piece of land is described according to the portion of the section which it embraces-as the Northeast quarter of Section 10; or the Southeast quarter of the Southeast quarter of Section 10. Diagram 5 shows how many of these subdivisions are platted, and also shows the plan of designating and describing them by initial letters as each parcel of land on the Diagram is marked with its description. As has already been stated, all Sections (except Fractional Sections which are explained elsewhere) are supposed to contain 640 acres, and even though mistakes have been made in surveying, as is frequently the case, making sections larger or smaller than 640 acres, the Government recognizes no variation, but, sells or grants each regular section as containing 640 acres "more or less." The Government Surveyors are not required to subdivide sections by running lines within them, but they usually establish Quarter Posts on Section Lines on each side of a section at the points marked A. B. C. and D. on Diagram 5. After establishing Township corners, Section Lines are the next to be run, and section corners are established. When these are carefully DIAGRAMI 5. located the Quarter Posts are located at points as nearly equidistant between Section Corners as possible. These corners when established by Government Surveyors cannot be changed, even though it is conclusively shown that mistakes have been made which cause some sections or SN. E. 1/4 quarter sections to be either larger or smaller S]than others. The laws, however, of all the States provide certain rules for local surveyors to follow in dividing Sections into smaller 0160 A. parcels of land than has been outlined in the A N 110 -cGovernmental surveys. For instance, in dividN. ing a quarter section into two parcels, the dis112 of S. E0 1/4 ance between the Government Corners is carefully measured and the new post is located at a 80 A. point equidistant between them. This plan is 0N. M of S.W. % followed in running out "eighties," "forties," of SE. s. -E.W4 "twenties," etc. In this way, if the Govern(2O A.) of S.,E/j ment division overruns or falls short, each S. M of SW. p n1r of S.E. 14 portion gains or loses its proportion. This is D_(20 A.) 40 oA. not the case, however, with Fractional Sections SUBDIVIDING A SECTION, along the North or West sides of a Township, R__M_ or adjoining a lake or large stream. in running both Township and Range lines, and if no new starting points were established the lines would become confused and unreliable, and the size and shape of Townships materially affected by the time the surveys had extended even a hundred miles from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. In order to correct the surveys and variations caused by the difference of latitude and straighten the lines, "Correction Lines" (or Guide Meridians and Standard Parallels) are established at frequent intervals, usually as follows: North of the Base Line a Correction Line is run East and West parallel with the Base Line, usually every twenty-four miles. South of the Base Line a Correction Line is usually established every thirty miles. Both East and West of the Principal Meridian "Correction Lines" are usually established every 48 miles. All Correction Lines are located by careful measurement, and the succeeding surveys are based upon them. Entered According to Act of Congress, in the year 1909, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co., in the office of the Librarian of Congress, W Fashington, D. C.

Page  III SUPPLEMENT III DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF 'CIVIL GOVERNMENT I I DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT WITH A REVIEW OF THE Duties and Powers of the Principal Officials Connected with the Various Branches of National, State, County and Township Government. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT T HE GOVERNMENT of the United States is one of limited and specific powers, strictly outlined and defined by a written constitution. The constitution was adopted in 1787, and, with the amendments that have since been made, it forms the basis of the entire fabric of government under which we live. The constitution created three distinct branches of government, each of which is entirely separate and distinct from the others. They are the executive, legislative and judicial departments. The constitution specifically vests the executive power in the President, but all members of the cabinet are usually classed with the executive department; the legislative power is held by Congress, and the judicial authority is vested in the Supreme Court and various other courts which Congress has provided for in pursuance of the provisions of the constitution. It has been the aim of these pages to explain each of these different branches of government, and to briefly review the duties and powers of the principal officials connected with each department. The President and Vice-President are elected by popular vote, but the vote of each State is separate, so that a candidate may have a large majority of the aggregate popular vote of the country and yet fail to be elected. The Presidential election is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, when Presidential electors are chosen in and for the various States, each State having as many electors as it has representatives in both branches of Congress. The electors are chosen by the ballots of the people of their States, and all the electors of a State constitute an electoral college. The electors meet in each State at the capital on the first Wednesday in December following a National election ard vote for President and Vice-President, certificates of which are forwarded to the President of the Senate, at Washington, who, on the second Wednesday in February opens the certificates and counts the votes in the presence of both Houses of Congress and declares the result; and the final step is the inauguration, which takes place on the 4th of March. The law provides that if neither of the candidates have a majority then the House of Representatives shall elect a President from the three candidates receiving the highest electoral vote. In elections of this kind each State is entitled to only one vote, and twothirds of the States form a quorum. 4 PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. The President is the highest executive officer of the United States. He is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $75,000 per annum. He must be thirty-five years old or more, and a nativeborn citizen of the United States. The President is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of laws passed by Congress, and has supervision over all executive departments of the government. He appoints a Cabinet of nine officials who become the heads of the various departments, and these departments are intended to be managed and conducted as the President directs. The President is Commanderin-Chief of the Army and Navy. He has power to grant pardons and reprieves for all offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment; has power, with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties. He nominates, and with the advise and consent of the Senate, appoints Ambassadors and other public Ministers and Consuls, all Judges of the United States courts, and all other executive officers of the United States, except in such cases where the appointments may be vested in the various "departments." When the Senate is not in session he can appoint, subject to its action when it reassembles. He has power, in certain extraordinary occasions, to call together both Houses of Congress, or either of them, in extra session; and is required from time to time to communicate with Congress, as to the state of the Union, and offer such suggestions or recommendations as he may deem proper. He is empowered to approve or veto all measures adopt ed by Congress, but it is provided that any measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of Congress. I' The President consults frequently with his Cabinet, and nearly all important official matters are discussed by that body. In case the office of President becomes vacant through the death, removal or resignation of the incumbent, the law provides that the office shall in turn be filled by the Vice-President, Secretary of State, and other Cabinet Ministers in regular order. VICE PRESIDENT. The Vice-President of the United States is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $12,000. In case.of the death, removal or resignation of the President, the Vice-President succeeds him. The chief duty of the Vice-President is to act as the presiding officer of the Senate. He has no vote in the Senate, except in case of a tie, or an equal division of the members of that body. The VicePresident administers the oath of office to the Senators. STATE DEPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of State, who is appointed by the President as a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,000 per year. The law provides that in case the office of President becomes vacant, through the death, removal or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the Secretary of State assumes the duties of the Presidency. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official Secretary of the President, and countersigns all commissions issued by the President. )., The Secretary of State is the head of the Department of State and is" he chief diplomatic officer of the United States. In his department and under his supervision is conducted the public business relating to foreign affairs; to correspondence, commissions or instructions to or with public Ministers from the United States; or to negotiations with Ministers from foreign States; or to memorials or other applications from foreigners, or foreign public Ministers, or citizens of this country in foreign lands, or complications arising therefrom. The Secretary of State also has charge of all other business connected with foreign affairs, extradition matters and diplomatic officers; furnishing passports to vessels going to foreign countries, etc., and has charge of the Great Seal of the United States. Connected with the Department of State and forming a part of it in the great work of performing and caring for the duties outlined are the following bureaus: The Diplomatic Bureau, which looks after the affairs pertaining to foreign governments. The Consular Bureau, correspondence with consulates. The Bureau of Indexes and Archives, the duties of which are to open the official mails, prepare an abstract of the daily correspondence and an index of it, and superintend miscellaneous work of department. The Bureau of Accounts, in which all of the finances of the department are looked after, such as the custody and disbursement of appropriations; also indemnity funds and bonds; also care of the building ard property of the department, etc. A ^ The Bureau of Rolls and Library, which is charged with the custody of treaties, rolls, publiz documents, etc.; has care of revolution ary archives, of international commissions, superintendence of library, etc. The Bureau of Statistics, for the preparation of reports on commercial relations. The chiefs of these bureaus receive from $2,100 per year to $2,300 per year. In addition to these there are connected with the State Department the offices of translator, at $2,100 per year; assistant secretary, $5,000; second assistant secretary, $4,500; third assistant secretary, $4,500; solicitor, $4,500; chief clerk, $3,000; clerk to Secretary of State, $2,500; passport clerk, $1,400. Besides these are the various comptrollers, auditors, clerks and assistants, which number well up into the thousands. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. This department was organized in 1789. The head of this department, known as the Secretary of the Treasury, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The Treasury Department is one of the most important branches of the national government, as it has charge of the financial affairs of the government, custody of public funds, collection of revenue and maintenance of public credit. Among the many important duties devolving upon this department are the following: It attends to the collection of all internal revenues and duties on imports, and the prevention of frauds in these departments. All claims and demands, either by the United States or against them, and all the accounts in which the United States are interested, either as debtors or creditors, must be settled and adjusted in the Treasury Department. This department also includes the Bureau of the Mint, in which the government coin and moneys are manufactured. The Treasury Department authorizes the organization of national banks and has supervision over them; has charge of the coast surveys, the lighthouses, marine hospitals, etc. It has charge of all moneys belonging to the United States; designates depositories of public moneys, keeps a complete and accurate system of accounting, showing the receipts and disbursements of the Treasury, and makes reports at stated intervals showing the condition of public finances, public expenditures and the public debt. 1 There are a great many important officials connected with the Treasury Department, chief among which are the following, viz.: Private secretary of the head department, it $2,500 per year; three assistant secretaries, at $5,000 each; chief clerk, $3,000; chief of appointment division, $3,000; chief of warrants division, $3,500; chief of public moneys division, $3,000; chief of customs division, $3,000; acting chief of revenue marine division, $2,500; chief of stationery division, $2,500; chief of loans and currency division, $3,000; chief of miscellaneous division, $2,500; supervising special agent, $8 per day; government actuary, $1,800; supervising architect, $4,500; steamboat inspector, $3,500; chief Bureau of Statistics, $3,000; life saving service superintendent, $4,500; assistant, $2,500; commissioner Bureaus of Navigation, $3,600; superintendent United States coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; supervising surgeon-general marine hospital service, $4,000; Bureau of Engraving and Printing, director, $5,000; assistant director, $3,500; superintendent engraving division, $4,500. The foregoing will serve to show many of the lines of work attended to in the Treasury Department, as the names of these offices explain the branch of work they are charged with attending to. There are a number of other important offices in the department that should be mentioned, among them being the following: The Solicitor of the Treasury, or chief attorney, who receives $4,500 per year for attending to the legal matters connected with the department. The Commissioner of Customs, who receives $4,000 per year and his deputy $2,250, has charge of all accounts of the revenue from customs and disbursements, and for the building and repairing of custom houses. S The Treasurer of the United States receives $6,000 per year, assistant treasurer $3,600, and superintendent of national banks (Red. Div.) $3,500. The Treasurer receives and keeps the government funds, either at headquarters or in. the Sub-Treasuries or government depositories, paying it out upon warrants drawn in accordance with the law, and pays all interest on the national debt. The Register of the Treasury is paid a salary of $4,000 per year and his assistant $2,500. The Register keeps the accounts of public expenditures and receipts; receives the returns and makes out the official statements of United States commerce and navigation; receives from first comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers acted on by them and files the same. The Comptroller of the Currency receives $5,000 per year and his deputy $3,000. This bureau is charged with a general supervision of the national banks and matters connected with the issuing of paper money. The Director of the Mint receives $4,500 per annum, and is charged with a general supervision over all the coinage of the government. The Comptroller of the Treasury receives $5,500 per year and his assistant $4,500. This bureau has charge of the auditing system of the Treasury. With the exception of the postal revenue accounts, the comptroller prescribes the forms of keeping and rendering all public accounts. Auditors. There are six auditors connected with the Treasury Department, each of whom receives a salary of $4,000 per year, and is allowed a deputy at a salary of $2,500 per annum. No one auditor takes rank over another. The first auditor receives and adjusts the accounts of the revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expenditures on account of the civil list and under special acts of Congress, reporting the balances to the commissioners of the customs and first comptroller respectively for their decision. The second auditor devotes most of his attention to army affairs; looks after all the accounts relating to the pay, clothing and recruiting of the army; the arsenals, armories and ordnance; all accounts relating to the Indian Department; reporting to the second comptroller. The third auditor has all accounts for sustenance of the army, military academy, military roads, fortifications, quartermaster's department, certain pensions, claims arising for military service previous to 1817; for all property lost in the military service; he reports also to the second comptroller. The fourth auditor also reports to the second comptroller, and attends to all accounts of the service connected with the navy. The fifth auditor reports to the first comptroller, and adjusts all accounts connected with the diplomatic service of the Department of State. The sixth auditor adjusts all accounts growing from the service of the Post Office Department. WAR DEPARTMENT. The War Department was organized in Autgust, 1789. The head of this department is known as the Secretary of War; is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The War Department attends to the execution of all laws affecting the Regular Army, and carries out and performs such duties as may be provided for by law or directed by the President relative to military forces, military commissions and the warlike stores of the United States. In former years this department also had charge of Indian as well as military affairs, but this has been transferred to the Department of the Interior. The War Department is also required, among other duties, to maintain the signal service and provide for taking meteorological observations at various points on the continent, and give telegraphic notice of the approach of storms. There is also maintained a Civil Engineering Department, through the aid of which is carried out such improvements in rivers and harbors as may be authorized by Congress. The Secretary of War also has supervision over the West Point Military Academy. The private clerk for the head of the War Department is paid $2,500 per year; assistant secretary, $5,000; chief clerk, $4,000. The most of the subordinates and assistants in the War Department, except those mentioned, are officers of the Regular Army, who are paid salaries and perquisites. The Commanding General, next to the Secretary, looks after the arrangement of military forces, superintends the recruiting service and discipline of the army, orders courts-martial, and in a general sense is charged with seeing to the enforcement of the laws and regulations of the army. The Adjutant-General keeps the rolls and the orders issued. The Quartermaster-General has charge of the barracks and the supplies, etc., that may be required for the army. The CommissaryGeneral is the head of the Subsistence Department, and has supervision over the purchasing and issuing army rations. The Judge Advocate General is the head of the department of military justice. The Surgeon General, as the name implies, looks after the affairs of the army relating to sick, wounded, hospital, etc. The Paymaster-General is the disbursing officer for the money required by the department. There is also the Ordnance office, controlling ordnance store, arsenals, armories, the manufacture of arms, etc. The Topographical office has charge of all plats and drawings of all surveys made for military purposes. Besides these there are the Inspector-General's Department and departments devoted to war records, publications, etc. In this connection it may be of interest to the general reader to refer briefly to a few facts concerning the Regular Army. The United States is divided for this purpose into a number of military districts. The head of each department receives his general instructions and orders from headquarters. The term of service in the Regular Army is three years. The pay of private soldiers at the start is $15 per month and rations, and this is increased according to time of service. The pay of the officers is proportioned to their rank. The pay of officers in active service was fixed by an act of Congress May 11, 1908, as follows: lieutenant-general $11,000 per year; major-general $8,000; brigadier-general $6,000; colonels from $4,000 to $5,000; lieutenantcolonels from $3,500 to $4,500; majors from $3,000 to $4,000; captains from $2,400 to $3,360; first-lieutenants from $2,000 to $2,800; secondlieutenants from $1,700 io $2,380. In case any officer below the grade of major required to be mounted, provides himself with suitable mounts at his own expense, he receives an addition to his pay of $150 per annum if he provides one mount; and $200 per annum if he provides two mounts. The pay of retired officers was fixed as follows by the act of May 11, 1908: lieutenant-generals $8,250 per annum; maj'or generals $6,000; brigadier-generals $4,500; colonels from $3,000 to $3,750; lieutenant-colonels from $2,625 to $3,375; majors from $2,250 to $3,000; captains from $1,800 to $2,520; first lieutenants from $1,500 to $2,100, and second-lieutenants $1.275 to $1,785. NAVY DEPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of the Navy, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. This department is charged with the duty of attending to the construction, armament, equipment and employment of vessels of war, as well as all other matters connected with naval affairs, and appropriations made therefor by Congress. The Secretary of the Navy has direct control of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland; issues orders to the commanders of the various squadrons; has general authority over the Marine Corps; and has control of all the several bureaus of the Navy Department. There are a number of bureaus organized in the Navy Department for the purpose of more thoroughly handling the work, among the most important of which may be mentioned the following: Bureau of Steam Engineering; Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; Bureau of Navigation; Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Yards and Docks; Bureau of Ordnance; Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting; Bureau of Construction and Repair. Attached to this department are also officials 6r bureaus to attend to the following matters: Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C.; Museum of Hygiene; Naval Dispensary; Board of Inspection and Survey; Navy Supplies and Accounts; Naval Observatory; Hydrographic Office; Library and War Records; Naval Intelligence; Nautical Almanac, etc. The admiral of the navy (line) is paid $13,500 per year; the first nine rear-admirals each receive $8,000 per year and the second nine $6,000; chiefs of bureaus are paid $6,000 per year; captains $4,000; commanders $3,500; lieutenant-commanders $3,000; lieutenants $2,400; junior grade lieutenants $2,000; ensigns $1,700; chief-boatswains, gunners, carpenters, sail makers, $1,700; midshipmen at sea $1,400; midshipmen at academy $600. In the Marine Corps the major general receives $8,000 per year; colonels $4,000; lieutenant-colonels $3,500; majors, $3,000; captains (line) $2,400; captains (staff) $2,600; first lieutenants $2,000; second-lieutenants $1,700. An increase of ten per cent is allowed them when on sea duty, or on "shore duty beyond the sea." Chaplains of the rank of lieutenant-commander or higher rank receive the pay and allowance of a lieutenant-commander; those appointed prior to July 1, 1906, who have the rank of lieutenant receive $2,800; and others are paid according to their rank in the foregoing list. Naval constructors receive from $3,200 to $4,200 per year; assistant naval constructors $2,000 or the pay of rank according to the foregoing table; warrant officers $1,125 to $2,250. Petty officers and chief petty officers receive salary ranging from $33 to $77 per month. First class seamen receive $26 per month; seamen-gunners $28 per month; firemen, first-class, $38; ordinary seamen $21; firemen, second-class, $33; shipwrights $27; apprentice seamen $18; coal passers $24. The term of enlistment in the United States Navy is four years. POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT. This is one of the most important branches of the National Government. Its head is the Postmaster-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The Post Office Department has supervision over the execution of all laws passed by Congress affecting the postal service, and has general supervision over everything relating to the gathering, carrying and distribution of United States mails; superintends the distribution and disposal of all moneys belonging to, or appropriated for, the department; and the instruction of and supervision over all persons in the postal service, with reference to their duties. In providing for handling the general work of the Post Office Department it has been found necessary to create four bureaus, or offices, as they are termed, each of which is presided over by an assistant postmaster-general, who each receive $5,000 per annum; are all subject to the direction and supervision of the head of the department. A review of these various bureaus and their principal officials, with the name of the office, will show very clearly the work handled by each. The first assistant postmaster-general is allowed a chief-clerk at $2,500 per year; superintendent of salaries and allowances $4,000; superintendent of division appointments $3,000; superintendent of city free-delivery service $3,000. The second assistant postmaster-general has charge of the following divisions, indicated by the following officials who are under his control: superintendent, of railway adjustments $3,000 per year; chief of division inspection $2,000; chief of division of contracts $2,000; chief of division of mail equipment; general superintendent of railway mail service $4,000; superintendent of foreign mails $3,000. The third assistant postmaster general controls the following divisions: superintendent of money-order division $3,500; superinte.d-rt of registry system $2,500; superintendent of division of finance $2,250; superintendent of division of stamps $2,500;' also the post-card ageni and the stamped-envelope agent at $2,500 each. The fourth assistant postmaster-general controls the following divisions: Superintendent rural free delivery service $3,000; superintendent of post office supplies $2,500; superintendent of dead-letter office $2,750; topographer $2,750. Besides the various chiefs of divisions mentioned above there are connected with the Post Office Department a law clerk, at $2500,,r year; appointment clerk, at $2,000; assistant attorney-general, $5.000; a disbursing clerk, $2,250; also the aucitor of the post office department, at $4,000. Copyright, 1910, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  IV SUPPLEMENT IV I G; E Sýr OF "mrHE SN`SýrEM OF CIVIL GiC)VERNMENýr DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. The Interior Department is under the immediate control of the Secretary of the Interior. He- is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per year. In this department, as the name imples, is conducted most of the public business relating to domestic or internal affairs, and, like most of the other executive departments, it is divided into a number of subdivisions and branches. The Secretary of the - Interior is charged with a general supervision over public business connected with the following branches, viz.: 1st. The census of the United States. 2d. All-.matters connected with public lands. 3d. Everythirg relating to the Indians or Indian affairs. 4th. All matters concerning pensions or bounty lands..5th. The issuance and filing of patents and caveats. 6th. The custody and distribution of publications. 7th. The compilation of statistics relating to educational matters in the various States. He also has oversight over several of the Government's charitable. and benevolent institutions. For the purpose of handling properly the business connected with most of the subjects' mentioned, there are bureaus organized for the purpose. The salaries paid to the principal officials connected with the Interior Department are as folows: First assistant secretary of the interior, $5,000 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; chief clerk, $3,000; assistant attorney-general (Dept. of Interior), $5,000; commissioner of the General Land Office, $5,000; commissioner of Indian affairs, $5,000; superintendent of Indian schools, $3,000; commissioner of the Pension office, $5,000; medical referee, $3,000; commissioner of the Patent Office, $5,000; commissioner.of the Education Office, $4,500; director of geological surveys, $6,000; director Reclamation Service, $7,500. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. This department was formerly connected with the Interior Department, but in 1889 it was reorganized and made independent, and the Secretary of Agriculture was made a member of the -Cabinet. The head of this department is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The general duty and design of the Department of Agriculture is to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture in the most gel-leral and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. The following is a list of the chief officials connected with the Department of Agriculture and their salaries, and the list will also serve to indicate the various lines of work handled by and the various duties which devolve upon the department, viz.: Assistant secretary of agriculture receives $5,000 per annum; chief - of Weather Bureau,, $6,000; chief of Bureau of Animal Industry, $5,000; statistician, $3,500; chemist, $5,000; entomologist, $4,000; botanist, $3,240; chief of forestry division, $5,000; pomologist, $3,000; plant pathologist and physiologist, $3,500; director of the office of experiment stations, $4,000; chief of division of accounts and disbursements, $3,250; editor, $3,000; agriculturist, $3,500; director of public roads, $3,000; statistical scientist in charge of investigations of production and distribution, $3,000; chief of biological survey, $3,000; chief of bureau of soils; $3,500; chief of bureau of plant industry in charge of seed distribution,- $5,000. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. The head of the Department of Justice is the Atto rn ey- General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The principal assistant of the Attorney-General is the Solicitor-General, who receives $7,500 per year. There are 'a number of assistant attorney-generals who receive $5,000 per annum, and a special assistant a"L-torney-general is appointed for nearly all of the various departments, including the Treasury,- State, Post Office and Interior IY6partments. Besides these there are a number of special officials connected with the Department of Justice, such as attorney in charge of...... I I- I..1,. A, ^ /-, r% r,ý DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. The Department of Commerce and Labor was established in February, 1903. The general design of this department is to collect, assort and systematize statistical details relating to the different branches of labor and commerce in the United States. The head of this department, known as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The following are the principal officials under his control together with the salary paid: The commissioner of the bureau of manufacturers, $4,000 per year; commissioner of the bureau of corporations, $5,000; commissioner of the bureau of labor, $5,000; director of bureau of the census, $7,000; superintendent of the coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; chief of bureau of statistics, $4,000; supervising inspector-general of steamboat inspection service, $4,000.; commissioner of bureau of fisheries, $6,000; commissioner of bureau of navigation, $4,000; commissioner-general of bureau of immigration and naturalization at $5,000; director of bureau of standards, $5,000. INDEPENDENT DEPARTMENTS. There are several independent departments, which, although none of them are as important as the foregoing, and their heads are not Cabinet members, yet they form a very necessary part and attend to very important branches of the National Government.. Government Printing Office. The head of this branch of public work is the Public Printer, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $5,500 per year. His chief clerk is paid $2,400 per year' and there is a foreman of printing and a foreman of binding, each of whom receive $2,100 per annum. Civil Service Commission. This commission consists of three commissioners, each of whom are paid $4,500 per year. The chief examiner connected with the commission is paid $3,000 per annum, and the secretary $2,500. Interstate Commerce Commission. This commission was crefor the purpose, and charged with the duty, of seeing that the laws regulating interstate commerce were faithfully executed and observed, and to prevent unjust discrimination on the part of railway corporations and common carriers. The commission consists of seven commissioners appointed from different sections of the United States, each of whom receives a salary of $10,000 per year. The secretary of the commission receives a salary of $5,000 per annum. JUDICIARY. The judicial powers of the United States are vested in-'the following named courts, viz.: The United States Supreme Court, consisting of one chief justice and eight associate justices; the United States Court of Claims, which consists of one chief justice Ind four judges; the United States Circuit Court of Appeals; and the United States Circuit aTid District Courts. All judges of United States Courts are appointed for 41 life, or during "good behavior." The chief justice of the United States Supreme Court receives a salary of $13,000 per annum, and the associate justices $12,000 each. The circuit judges receive a salary of $7000 each per annum, district judges, $6000, and Court of Claims, judges receive $6,000, and chief justice $6,500 per year. The jurisdiction of the United States Courts extends to all cases in law and in equity arising under the Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States; between a State and a: citizen of another State; between citizens of different States; between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State is a party the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction. In the other cases the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. The legislative powers of the United States are vested in a Congress, which consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and which meets annually at Washington on the first Monday of December. The constitution gives to Congress t1te following general powers: To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises; pay the debts of the United States; borrow money on the credit of the United States; to regulate commerce; to establish uniform laws on naturalization and bankruptcy; to coin money and regulate the value thereof; fix the standard of weights and measures; to declare war; to raise and support armies (but it is provided that no appropriation for this purpose can be for a longer period than two years); to provide and maintain a navy; to grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water; to make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces; to estab4ish postoffices and postroads; to promote the progress of science and the useful arts by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to -their respective writings and discoveries; to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas and offense against the law of nations; to exercise exclusive legislation over the District of Columbia and places purchased for forts, magazines, arsenals, etc.; and further to make all laws necessary for the general welfare of the United States, and for "carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof." The Constitution expressly forbids Congress making any law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Congress cannot suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus except in cases of rebellion or invasion when the public safety may require it. No bill of attainder or ex Post facto law can be passed. No tax or duty can be laid on articles exported from any State. No preference can be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another. No title of nobility can be granted. Every law passed by Congress must be submitted to the President for his approval. If he returns it with his objections, or vetoes it, the measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of both branches of Congress. The Senate, or the "Upper House of Congress," is composed of two Senators from each State in the Union. They are elected by the Legislatures of their respective States, for a term of six years, and receive a salary of $7,500 per annum. No person can be elected to the United States Senate who has not attained the age of thirty years, been nine years a citizen of the United States, and is when elected an inhabitant of the State from which he is chosen. The Sen STATE GOVERNMENT T HE method of State government throughout the United States follows very closely the general plan of government that prevails in national affairs. The various functions of government in State affairs are handled in departmentsi, with a State officer at the head of each branch, and the lines are clearly drawn between the executive, legislative and judicial powers. All the States are governed under a constitution, which outlines and defines the powers which each of these departments shall exercise and possess. All of the most important State officials are elected by the people, but in many of the States the less important offices are filled by appointment of the Governor, by and with the consent of the State Senate. GOVERNOR. The Governor is the highest executive officer in all the States of the Union, and is elected by a direct vote of the people. The term of office varies materially in the different States, ranging from two to six years. As to the matter of salary that the Governor receives, it also differs widely throughout the different Stoates and is subject to frequent change. At the present writing three States-New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey pay their Governors $10,000 per year; Illinois $12,000; California $6,000; Minnesota, indiana, Alabama, Colorado, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, 'Virginia and Wisconsin all pay $5,000 per year; Kentucky $6,500; Massachusetts and Ohio $8,000; Nevada, Connecticut, Michigan, Tennessee, Texas and Washington, $4,000; Maryland and Oklahoma $4,500; Mississippi, Arkansas, Florida and South Carolina $3,500; Iowa, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, North Carolina, North Dakota and Rhode Island $3,000; West Virginia $2,700; South Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming $2,500; Delaware, Maine, New Hampshire and Utah $2,000; and Oregon and Vermont $1,500. About the only statement concerning the qualifications required for this office that would be common to all the States is that he must be a citizen of the State in which he is elected. In most of the States, in addition to the salary named, the Governor is furnished with a residence, which is known as the "Executive Mansion." The powers and duties that devolve upon the Governor are about the same in all of the States. He is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of the laws, and is the legal custodian of all the property of the State not specificially entrusted to other officers by law, and is authorized to take summary possession of such property. He is expected to communicate by message to each session of the State legislature such information or recommendaL-ions regarding State affairs as he may deem necessary and proper, and he is empowered to call extra sessions of that body whenever the public welfare may demand. He accounts to the same body for all moneys received and paid out, and presents estimates of amounts to be raised by tax ation for various purposes. He has a negative (or veto) upon all laws passed by the Legislature, but it is provided that measures may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of that body. The Governor is commander-in-chief of the State military or naval forces, and has authority to cal-l out such forces to preserve peace and execute the laws when the local authorities are unable to accomplish this. He may require the opinion of the various State officers upon any subject relating to their respective offices,' and examines and approves the bonds of State officials. In many States the Governor has power to grant reprieves and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses against the State except in cases of impeachment; but in a few of the States the pardoning power is vested in a 'board selected for that purpose, of which the Governor is generally ex-officio member. The Governor.has the appointment of a number of State officers, and in many cases if an elective office becomes vacant he has the power to fill it by appointment; has power in many States to suspend a State officer, or even a county officer, pending a legal investigation. The Governor issues requisitions upon the executives of other States f or parties charged with crime who escape to other States, and he has power to issue warrants for fleeing criminals upon requisition of other Governors. LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR. The office of Lieutenant-Governor does not exist in all of the States in- the Union, at least not under this name, as in a f ew of the States this officer is only known as the President of the State Senate. in some of the States the Lieutenant-Governor is paid a certain amount per day during sessions of the Legislature or General Assembly, and in others he is allowed a fixed salary, but it is provided that if the duties of Governor should devolve upon him, he shall. during the continuance of such emerizency be entitled to the emoluments thereof. The principal duty of the Lieutena:nt-Go.vernor is to act as the presidirg officer of the State Senate or Upper House of the State Legisslature. In case a: vacancy should occur in the office of Governor, the LieutenantGovernor would act as Governor until such vacancy was filled by election; and in all cases where the Lieutenant-Governor is unable to act' as presiding officer of the Senate, a President pro ý tempore is chosen.by that body. The Lieutenant-Governor has no vote in the Senate except in cases of a tie or equal division of the members. SECRETARY OF STATE. The office of Secretary of. State is one of the most important oEces within the gift of the people of a State, and the office exists under this name in every State in the Union. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official secretary of the Governor, and countersigns all commissions issued by the chief executive, and he is the custod;an of the Great Seal of the State. As a rule it is the duty of the Secretary of State to call the House of Representatives to order and preside until a: temporary presiding officer, or Speaker, is elected. It is his duty to see that the halls are prepared.for the Legislature or General Assembly; he prepares the legislative manual and causes it to be printed and distributed; secures the printing and distribution of the State laws; indexes and files executive documents; provides and distributes election blanks; has charge of all books, bills, papers, etc., of the Legislature, and is practically "keeper of all public acts, laws, records, Londs, etc." The Secretary of State is required to keep a register of all the official acts of the Governor, and aff ixes the Seal of the State to all official commissions, etc., keeps a record of them, and is obliged to give any person a copy of the same when demanded. In all of the States the Secretary of State is ex officio member of a number of the State boards, but no list of these could be given that would apply to all States, as they are different in the various State'. STATE AUDITOR. The office of Auditor of State exists under one. name or another in nea:rly- every State in the Union. The title of this office, however, is not alike in all the States, as many of them, notably -California, Con out of the State Treasury. In fact, all claims against the State which are to be paid out of the State Treasury must be presented to the Auditor, who, after the same is adjusted, issues warrants therefor payable at. the Treasury. A complete record of each warrant is kept ty the Auditor, who also keeps an account with the State Treasurer, charging him with all moneys paid into the Treasury, and giving credit for all warrants paid, and the books and vouchers of the Treasury =st balance therewith, as settlements are made between these two officers at stated intervals. In a number of the States the Auditor is charged with a general supervision over certain corporations, such as insurance and banking corporations and building and loan associations, and in some States is ex-officio a member of a: number of State boards. He generally has authority to make and execute satisfactions of judgments and assignments thereof in behalf of the State. STATE TREASURER. This is one of the most important executive offices in the gift of the people of a State. The State Treasurer handles.vast sums of the people's money, and as a rule a very heavy bond, ranging from $500,000 up into the millions, is required of him; and generally the Governor is empowered to demand additional bonds if he deems the bond insufficient to fully protect the State. The duties of the State Treasurer are implied by the title of the office, and they are very much the same throughout all of the States of the Union. The State Treasurer is custodian of all the State funds. He deposits these funds in banks, which give bonds to secure the Treasurer or State against loss, and which pay interest on daily balances. The Treasurer pays out St-CAe funds only on warrants issued or signed by the State Auditor, or other proper official, and a full record of all warrants is kept in both the auditing office and Treasurer's office. The -,Aan by which the Treasurer receives the rev-. enues of the State is diAerent in different States. In some States the. Auditor issues an order for him to receive the same and charges the amount against the Treasurer. In others he is cfya:rged with all moneys which he is entitled to receive, and then given credit for delinquencies. In still other States the Treasurer issues duplicate receipts for all moneys paid in, which must be countersigned by the Arditor to be valid, and one of these must be deposited with the Auditor, so he may charge the amount against the Treasurer. In this way a double system is carried on-both Auditor and Treasurer keeping a ftýll ac-- count of all moneys received and paid out, and their books and accounts must balance, as at stated intervals the Treasurer must make settlements with the Auditor and submit books, vouchers, etc., to the Legislature. In most of the States the State Treasurer is reqt-.ircd to publish at stated times, in the newspapers at the capital, an itemized statement of the public accounts, expenditures, funds, receipts and disbursements. He is also required to make a complete report and itemized statement to each session of the Legislature. In nearly all of the States the law is very explicit in outlining the dv,,ties of t1le State Treasurer, the following being very common provisions Iin. re"atioll to the office, viz.: That a complete record of all moneys rntst ýe kel.'-, showing what is received or paid out of the various "funds, " which "funds"' must be exhibited in separate' accounts. In severLal of tlle Copyright, 1910, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  V SUPPLEMENT V =A ED I Gi E Sýr OF ýrHE SYSýrEM OF CIVII GiOVERNMEN"T I States the Governor and one or two other State officials constitute a board, which must at certain times examine and check up the accounts, books and vouchers of the State Treasurer and ascertain the amount of funds in the Treasury. ATTORNEY-GENERAL. The Attorney-General, as the name implies, is the general legal counsel or lawyer for the various branches of the State government. In all of the States the powers and duties of the Atto rney- General are very similar. It is his duty to appear f or the State in all actions and proceedings in the Supreme Court in which the State has an interest; to institute and prosecute in all courts all actions, either f or or against a: State officer, in which the State has an interest; to consult with and advise the various county or state's attorneys in matters relating to their official duties, and when public interest requires he assists them in criminal prosecutions. It is his duty, to consult with and advise the Governor and other State officers, and give, when requested, written opinions on legal or constitutional questions relating to their official duties, and to give written opinions when requested by the Legislature or any committee thereof. It is also his duty to prepare, when necessary, drafts for contracts or other writings relating to subjects in which the State is interested. He is required to enforce the proper application of -funds appropriated to the various State institutions, and prosecute 'breaches of trust in the administration of the same; and when necessary to prosecute corporations for failure or refusal to comply with the laws; to prosecute official. bonds of delinquent officers or corporations in which the State has an interest. The Attorney-General is required to keep a record of all actions, complaints, opinions, etc. STATE SUPERINTENDENT OR SUPERINTENDENT. OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. ' This is an office which exists in nearly every State in the Union. In three or four of the States the management of the educational interests of the State is vested in a State Board of Education, but in these cases the secretary of the board assumes most of the detail work that in most of the. States devolve upon the State Superintendent. The full title given to this office is not the same in all of the States, but it is generally called "State Superintendent of Public Instruction or Public Schools." In Ohio, Maine and Rhode Island, and a few others, this officer is termed "Commissioner of Schools." The duties of the State Superintendent are very much alike in all of the States, as he is charged with a general supervision over the educational interests of the State and of the pt-11--lic schools. In many States his authority is not limited to' the public schools, and he his allthorized by law to demand full reports from all colleges, academies or private schools. It is his duty to secure at regular intervals reports from all such educational institutions and file all papers, reports and documents, transmitted to him by local or county school officers. He is the general adviser and assistant of the various county superintendents or school officers, to whom he must give, when requested his written opinion upon questions rising under the school law. It is also his duty to hear and determine controversies arising under the school laws coming to. him by appeal from a county superintendent or school official. He prepares and distributes school registers, school blanks, etc., and is generally given the power to make such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry into efficient and uniform effect the provisions of the laws relating to schools. The State Superintendent is required to make a detailed report to each regular session of the State Legislature, show-Ing an abstract of the common school reports; a statement of the condition of public schools and State educational institutions; the amount of money collected and expended, and all other matters relating to the schools or school funds that have been reported to him. He is forbidden from becoming interested in the sale of any school furniture, book or apparatus. In nearly all o f the States provision is made. for all AdjutantGeneral, who is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The name of the office implies the branch of work which is h - andled by its incumbent. It is the dr.ty of. the Adj utant-General to issue and transmit all orders of the Command er-i-n- Chief with reference to the militia or military organizations of the St-ate, He, keeps a record of all military officers commissioned by the Governor, and of ah general and special orders and regulations issued, and of other matters relating to the men, property, ordinance, stores, camp and garrison equipage pertaining to the State militia or military forces. PUBLIC EXAMINER OR BANK EXAMINER. This is a State office that is found in only about one-half of the Statps. In some States it is known as Bank Comptroller and in others the duties which devolve upon this officer are handled by a "department" in the State Auditor's office. The gencral duties and plan of conducting this work, in many respects, is very similar, but there is a great diff erence between the various States in the oflEcers who attend to it. Where this made a separate State office, generally speaking, the requirements are that he must be a skilled accountant and expert bookkeeper, and cannot be an officer of any of the public institutions, nor interested in any of tlle financial corporations i which it may be his duty to examine. He is charged with the duty of visiting and inspecting the financial accounts and standing of certain corporations and. institutions organized under the State laws. In several of the States it is made his duty to visit certain county officials a--- stated intervals, and inspect their books and accounts, and enforce a uniform system of bookkeeping by State and county officers. COMMISSIONER OR SUPERINTENDENT OF INSURANCE. In all of the States of the Union the department relatirg to insurance has grown to be an important brancli of State government. The method of controlling the insurance business differs materialb, in many of the States, although they are all gradually moving in the same direction, viz., creating a depa-y-tinent or State office in which all matters relating to instirance and insvirance companies are attended to. Iri former years, in nearly all -,)f the States, the in-suranCe business formed a department in the Stale Auditor's off--cc, and was handled by him or his appointees. Now, however, in nearl all the Northern States and many of the Soutli-ril States, they have a separate and distinct insurance department, the head. of which is either elected by the people or appointed by thc, Governor. The duties and powers of the insu,1-ance departilient of the various States are very similiar. A general provision is that the head of this department must be experienced A-ohibited from holding an in in in.surance matters., and he is p, terest in any insurance company. The Commissioner or Sup erinten dent of Insurance Ilas extensive powers concerninginsurance matters, and it is his duty to see that all laws respecting and regulating insurance and instirance companics, are faithfully observed; ke issues licenses to insur ance companies, and it is his duty to revoke the license of any company not conforming to law. Reports are made to him at stated times by the various companies, and he has power to examine fully into their condition, assets, etc. He files in his office the various documents relating to insurance companies, together with their statements, etc., and at regular intervals makes full reports to the Governor or Legislature. COMMISSIONER OF LABOR STATISTICS. In several of the States a "Commissioner of Labor Statistics" is appointed by the Governor, -who is the head of what may be termed the labor bureau. In a great majority of the States, howe.veý, this branch of work is taken care of by a board of labor commissioners, a bureau of statistics or by the State Auditor and his appointees. The general design of this bureau or commission is to collect, assort and systematize, and present in regular reports to the Legislature, statistical details relating to the different departments of labor in the State, and make such recommendations as may be deemed proper and necessary concerning the commercial, industrial, social, educational and sanitary conditions of the laboring classes. OTHER STATE OFFICERS. In all of the States there exist one or more other State officers in addition to.those already mentioned, which are made necessary by local condition or local business interests. It is, therefore, unnecessary to mention any of these at length in this article. It may be stated ) however, that in all of the States may be f ound two or more of 'the following State officers, and further, that each one of the fo-'Iowing named officers is found in some State in the Union, viz.: Superintendent or commissioner of agriculture, commissioner of mines secretary of agricultural board, secretary of internal affairs, clerk and reporter of the Supreme Court, commissioner of railways, commissioner of immigration, State printer, State binder, land agent or commissioner, commissioner, register or superintendent of State land office, register of lands, commissioner of schools and lands, surveyor-general, inspectorgeneral, State oil inspector-general, State oil inspector, dairy commissioner. STATE BOARDS. Besides the officers and departments which have already been mentioned, there are a number of State boards or bureaus that are necessary in carrying on the complex business connected with the government of a State. The following list of such State boards and 'bureaus includes all that can be found in the majority of the States; some of them, however, are only found in a few of the States, because they are of a local nature and are only made necessary by the existence of certain local conditions or business interests. It will also be observed that some of ffie boards named cover the same line of work that has already been mentioned as belonging to some State officer. This grows from the fact that a few of the States place thke management of certain lines of work in the hands of a State.board, while in others, instead of having a State board they delegate the powers and duties to a single State officia - 1. All of the States, however, have a number of the State boards mentioned in thi.s list, the names of which imply the line of work each attends to, viz.: Railroad and warehouse commissioners, board of equalization, board or commission of agriculture, University trustees, board or commissioners of public charities, canal commissioners, penitentiary commissioners, board of health, dental e.-.\-am- -orical library, board of pharmacy, commission iiicrs, trustees of h;34,. -.1 of claims, live stock commissioners, fish commissioners, inspectors of coal mines, labor commissioners, board of education, board of public works, board of pardons, assessment commissioners. LEGISLATURE OR GENERAL ASSEMBLY. The law-making power of every State is termed the "Legislative Department." The legislative power, accordimy- to the constitutions of for carrying on the State government. I There is a general prohibition against the passage of any ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities. Any measure to become a law must be passed by both branches of the Legislature, and then be presented to the Governor f or his approval. If he withholds his approval (or vetoes it), the measure may be repassed by a two-thirds vote of the Legislature, when it will become a law notwithstanding the Governor's veto. SENATE. The Senate is the Upper House of the Legislature or General Assembly. The various States are divided into senatorial districts, in each of which a Senator is elected-the term of office varying from two to four years. Except in three or four of the States the presiding officer of the Senate is the Lieutenant-Governor, although a President pro tem. is usually elected, who acts as presiding officer during the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor. The presiding officer has no vote, however, in the Senate,,except when that body is equally divided. Every Senator has one vote upon all questions, and the right to be heard in advocating or opposing the passage of any measure brought before the Legislature. In filling all of the M* ost important State offices that are to be appointed by the Governor, the appointments must be approved or confirmed by the Senate. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Lower House of the State Legislature, in nearly if not quite all the States of the Union, is termed the House of Representatives. Like the Senators, every member of the House has 'the right to be heard in advocating or opposing any measure brought before the body of which he is a member. The House is given the sole power of impeachment, but all impeachments must be tried by the Senate. As a general rule, there is a provision that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House. JUDICIARY. The "Judicial Department" is justly regarded as one of the most important and powerful branches of government of either the State or Nation, as it becomes the duty of this department to pass upon and interpret, and thereby either annul or give validity to all the most important measures and acts of both the legislative and executive branches of the government. It is impossible in a general article to give a detailed review or descriptio n* of the construction and make-up of the judicial departments of the various States. The courts are so differently arranged both as to their make-tip and jurisdiction that it would be useless to try to give the reader a general description that would accurately cover the ground. In all of the States, except, possibly, one or two, the highest judicial authority of the State is known as the Supreme Court, and unless qtiestions are involved which give the Un'ited States Cotirts jurisdiction, it is the court of last resort. The Supreme Court is made up of a chief justice and the several associate justices or judges as may be provided,for by the laws of the various States, usually from four to six. Generally these officers are elected by the people, either from the State at 'large or (in three of the States) as representing certain districts, but this is not the case always, as in several States they are chosen by the Governor or Legislature. In all of the States the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction both in law and in equity, and has original juris-diction in remedial cases, mandamus, habeas corpus and cases relating to the revenue, but there is no trial by jury in this court. Various other courts are provided for by the la:ws of the different States, such as appellate courts, circuit or district courts, probate courts, county courts, superior courts, municipal courts, courts of justices of the peace, etc. The jurisdiction of all these courts is, of, course, inferior -to that of the Supreme Court, and varies greatly in the -different States. Besides these, where there are large cities, various other courtsý:;are also established to aid in caring for the enormous amount of judicial work that arises from such vast and complex business interests. The various courts are also provided with the necessary officials for carrying on the judicial business such as clerks of court, court 'reporters, bailiffs, etc. COUNTY GOVERNMENT S 0 far as the principal county offices are concerned, the general arrangement and method of handling the public business is very much the same in all of the States; but the offices are called by different names, and in minor details-such as transferring from one office to another certain minor lines of work -there are a number of points in-which the method of county government in the various States differs. The writer has adopted the names of the.principal county offices which are most common in the Northern States, as in the.Southern and New England States there are scarcely any two States in which the names or titles of all the county offices are identical. AUDITING OFFICE AND CLERK OF THE COUNTY BOARD. Generally the principal auditing officer of the county is known ag, the "county auditor" or "county clerk." In Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin and many other States the office is called "county clerk." In Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota:, South Dakota, Ohio and others it is termed "county auditor." In a few of the States under certain conditions this office is merged with some other county office. A notable example of this is in the State of Michigan, where they have one official, under the simple title of "clerk," who looks after about all of the work which in most of the States devolves upon both the county clerk and also clerk of court. In all of the States a bond in a moderate sum is required of the county clerk or auditor, and he is paid a salary of f rom $1,500 to $3,500 per year, besides in some States being allowed certain fees, unless it is in a very large and heavily populated county, where the salary paid is of necessity much higher than this amount. No county treasurer or member of the county board is eligible to this office. In general terms-it may be stated as a rule the auditor acts as the clerk or secretary of the official county board, 'although in a few of the States the court clerk is required to look after this matter.t The clerk of the county board keeps an accurate record of the board's proceedings and carefully preserves all documents ' records, books, maps. and papers which may be brought before the board, or which the law provides shall be deposited in his office. In the auditing office an accurate account -is. kept with.-the county treasurer. Generally they file the duplicates of the receipts given by the county treasurer, charging him with all money paid into the trea'sury and giving credit f or all warrants paid. The general plan o, ' f paying claims against a: county is as follows: If the claim is one in which the amount due is fixed by law, or is authorized to be fixed by some other nerson or tribunal. the auditor issues a warrant or order which will be This is an office which exists in all of the States, and it is one of the most important of the various offices necessary in carrying on the business of a county. It is an elective office in all of the States., andthe term of office is usually either two ýor four years, but a very common provision in the various States is that after serving for one term as county treasurer a party shall be ineligible to the office until the intervention of at least one term after the expiration of the term for which he was elected. This provision, however, does not exist in all of the States, as in some of them the county treasurer is eligible for reelection for any number of terms.: I The general duties of the county treasurers throughout'the various States is very similar. The county treasurer is the principal custodian of the funds belonging to the county. It is his duty to receive and safely keep the revenues and other public moneys of the county, and all funds authorized to be paid to him, and disburse the same pursuant to law. He is required to keep proper books of accounts, in which he must keep a regular, just and true account of all moneys, revenues and funds received by him, stating particularly the time, when, of whom and on what fund or account each particular sum was received: and also of all moneys, revenues and lunds paid out by him accordinig to law, stating particularly the time when, to whom and on what fund payment is made frcm. The books of the county treasurer must always be subject to the inspection of the county boarý, which, at stated intervals, examines his books and makes settlements with. him. In some of the States the provisions of the law relating to county treasurer are very strict; some of them provide for a county board of auditors, who are expectect, several times ayear, to examine the funds, accounts and vouchers of the treasury without previous notice to the treasurer.; and in some it is provided that this board, or the county board, shall designate a bank (or banks) in which the treasurer is required to keep the county Junds deposs-i't-ed-the bcanks being required to pay interest on daily or monthly balances and give bond to indemnify the county against loss. As a general rule the county treasurer is only authorized to pay out county funds on warrants or orders issued by the chairman of the county board a-rd attested by the -clerk, or in certain cases on warants or orders of the county auditing office. A complete record of these warrants or orders is kept" and the treasurer's accounts must balance therewith. In most of the' States the law is very exPlicit in directing how the books and accounts of the county treasurer shall be kept. COUNTY RECORDER OR REGISTER OF DEEDS. In a f ew of the States the Pffice of county recorder or register of deeds is merged wi th some 'othcr county office, in counties where the population falls below a certain amount. A notable example of this is found in both the States of ' Illinois and Missouri (and there are Pthers), where it is merged -with the office of circuit clerk in m,,,,Lny counties. The title of the joint office is "circuit clerk and recorder," and the duties of both offices are looked after by one official. The duties of the countv recorder or register of deeds ark-, very similar in the various States, although in some of the Eastern and Southern States the office is called by other names. The usual name, however, is county recorder or register of deeds. In Illinois, Indiana, I I wao Copyright, 1910, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  VI SUIPPLEMENT VI I- IV_ owl IW_ I v I v v DIG0.-ESTr OF TrHE SYSTrEM OF CIVIL G;OVERNMENTr Iowa, Missouri, Ohio and many other States, it is called "county recorder." In Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin and many more it is called "register of deeds." In all of the Sta-tes-this office is the repository wherein are kept all recor 'ds relating to deeds, mortgages, transfers and contracts affecting lands Within the* county. it is the duty of the recorder or register, as soon as practical after the filing of any instrument in writing in his office entitled to he recorded, to record the same at length, in the order of the time of its reception, in books provided hy the county f or that purpose; and it is his duty to endorse on all instruments a certificate of the time when the same wasfiled. All of the States have some of the following provisions concerning the duties of the recorder, hut these provisions are not common to all of the States, viz.: The register or recorder is not allowed to record an instrument of any kind unless it is duly executed according to law; he is not obliged to record any instrument unless his fees are paid in advance; as a rule, it is unlawful for him to record any map, plat or subdivision of land situated within any incorporated city, town or village until it is approved by the proper officers of the same. In many States he is forbidden to enter a deed on the records until it has been endorsed "taxes paid" by the proper official; he is required to exhibit, free of charge, all records, and allow copies to be made; he is authorized to administer oaths and take acknowledgments. CIRCUIT OR DISTRICT CLERK, OR CLERK OF COURT. In nearly all of the States, each county elects a "clerk of court or courts," sometimes also known as circuit clerk or district clerk, indicating the court with which the office is connected. In some of the States, as has already been stated, the office of clerk of court is merged with some other county office. This is the case in Illinois and Missouri, where in many counties it is connected with the office of county recorder. In Michigan, one official under the name of "clerk" handles the business which usually is given to the clerk of court and county clerk or auditor. In Wisconsin, Missouri, Illinois and other States the name used is "circuit clerk;" in Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, North Dakota and many others the office is called "clerk of district court;" while in many of the States, including Indiana, Ohio, Iowa, South Dakota and others, it is called simply "clerk"' or "clerk of the court or courts." The chief duty of this official is to act as clerk of the district or circuit court, and sometimes other courts of inferior jurisdiction. It is the clerk's duty to keep the seals and attend the sessions of their respective courts, preserve all the files and papers thereof, make, keep and'preserve complete records of all the proceedings and determinations thereof, and carry out such other duties as may be required by the rules and orders of their respective courts. They must enter of record all judgments, decrees and orders of the court as soon as possible after they are rendered; keep all indictments on file as a public record, have authority to administer oaths, take acknowledgments; take and certify depositions, and are required to exhibit all records free of charge. In nearly all the States the law defines the character of the record books which the clerk of court must keep. Although there is no settled rule in this matter, the general provisions are that he shall keep: First, a general docket or register of actions, in which is entered the title of each action in the order in which they are commenced, and a description of each paper filed in the cause and all proceedings therein; second, a plaintiff's index and defendant's index; third, a judgment book and execution docket, in which he enters the judgment in each action, time of issuing execution, satisfaction, etc., and such other books as the courts or the laws may prescribe. SHERIFF. In all of the States the office of sheriff is one of the most important of the county offices. The term of office varies in different States, being usually either two or four years, and in several of the States one party cannot hold the office a: second term consecutively. The general to attend, either in person or by deputy, all courts of record held in his county; by virtue of his office he has custody of the jail. It is his duty to pursue and apprehend felons and persons charged with crime and has custody of prisoners. He is not allowed to purchase any property exposed for sale by him as sheriff.. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OR COMMISSIONER OF SCHOOLS. This is an office which exists under one name or another in nearly every State in the Union. The title of the office in a great majority of the States is "county superintendent," but in Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, New York, and possibly one or two other States, the office is termed "school commissioner," and in several of the States the laws provide for a board of county examiners or school commissioners, who are given Iconsiderable of the work that in most of the other States is handled by the county superintendent. 1The name of this office implies the duties which devolve upon it, and they are very much alike in all of the States. The incumbent of this office is charged with a: general supervision over the schools of the county, and must be a fitting person as to education and moral character. As a rule it is their duty to examine and license teachers, but in a few of the States provision is made for a board of examiners. County superintendents are required to visit and inspect the schools at regularintervals, and give such advice and instruction to teachers as may be deemed necessary and proper. They are required to organize and conduct institutes for the instruction of teachers if deemed necessary, and encourage teachers' associations. They introduce to the notice of teachers and the people the best modes of instruction, the most approved plans of building and ventilating school-houses, etc., stimulate school officers to the prompt and proper discharge of their duties. They receive reports from the various school officers, and transmit an abstract of these reports to the State Superintendent, adding a report of the condition of the schools uinder their charge. In nearly all the States they are forbidden having any interest in the sale of any school furniture, apparatus or books used in the schools. In many States they have authority to annul a teacher's certificate for proper cause, and in general to take such steps and enforce such methods as will elevate and make more efficient the schools under their control. COUNTY, PROSECUTING OR STATE'S ATTORNEY. There is a great difference between the various States in the method of handling or attending to the legal business relating to county matters or growing f rom county affairs. In many of the States the official who attends to this line of work is known as the "county attorney," in other States he is called the State's attorney or prosecuting or district attorney. In a f ew of the States they divide the State into districts embracing a number of counties, and a district attorney is elected in each district, who in some cases attends to all the legal work of the various counties, and in othiers he assists the county attorneys in their most important duties and prosecutions. But whatever plan may be followed in the various States, and whatever title may be given to this office, the general duties of the office are very much the same throughout all of the States. It is the duty of the county attorney to commence and prosecute all actions, suits, indictments, and prosecutions, civil and criminal, in any 'court of record in his county in which the "people of the State or county" may be concerned; to prosecute all forfeited bonds and recognizances, and all actions for the recovery of debts, revenues, moneys, fines, etc., accruing to his county; to commence and prosecute all. actions and proceedings brought by any county officer in his official capacity; to def end 'all actions and proceedings brought against his county, or against any county officer in his official capacity; to give legal opinions and advice to the county board or other county officers in relation to their official duties; to attend, if possible all preliminary examinations of criminals. When requested, he is required to attend sessions of the grand jury, examine witnesses in their presence, give legal advice and see that proper subpcenas and processes are issued; draw up indictments and prosecute the same. The county attorney is required, when requested by the Attorney-General, to appear f or the State in cases in his county in which the State is interested. The county attorney makes an annual report to his superior State officer of all the criminal cases prosecuted by him. PROBATE OR COUNTY JUDGE. The method of handling probate matters is not uniform throughout the various States. In many States the higher courts are given jurisdiction over probate matters, and in others they have created districts in which are held probate courts, whose jurisdiction extends over several counties a~nd takes in other matters besides purely probate affairs. In a majority of the States, however, particularly the Western and Northern States, they elect a county or a probate judge, who holds court and handles the probate matters which arise within his county. The jurisdiction of these county or probate courts is not always confined exclusively to probate affairs, being frequently extended to many other matters, and they generally include such matters as apprenticeship affairs, adoptions, minors, etc. In some of the States they have both -a county judge and a probate judge, and in these cases the jurisdiction of the latter is confined to such matters as are in line with probate affairs. In Missouri they have a probate judge, and also a county court, composed of county judges, in whom the corporate powers of the county are vested-as the official county board. In Michigan they have a probate judge and a probate register. The probate judge is generally given original jurisdiction in all matters of probate, settlement of estates of deceased persons, appointment of guardians and conservators and Lettlement of their accounts. They take proof of wills, direct the administration of estates, grant and revoke letters testamentary and of administration, appoint and remove guardians, etc. COUNTY SURVEYOR. This is an office which is common- to nearly all of the States. It is the duty of the county surveyor to execute any survey which may be ordered by any court, or upon application of any individual or corporation, and preserve a record of the surveys made by him. Nearly all of the States provide that certain records shall be kept by the county surveyor, and provide penalties for his failure to place on record the surveys made by him. While he is the official county surveyor, yet the surveys made by him are not conclusive, but may be reviewed by any competent tribunal, and the correctness thereof may be disputed. COUNTY CORONER. This is another county office which exists in nearly all of the States. In the average county there is not much work f or the coroner, but in the counties in which large cities are located the office is a very important one. In general terms it may be stated that the coroner is requiredl to hold inquests over the bodies of persons supposed to have met with violent or unnatural deaths. In most States he has power to impanel a jury to enquire into the cause of death; but in some of them this is not the case, and he is given power to act alone. He can subpcena witnesses; administer oaths; in certain cases provide for a decent burial, The powers of every county as a body politic and corporate are vested in a county board. This official county board is generally termed the county "board of supervisors," or "board of commissioners,", but there are some exceptions to this, like Missouri, where the county board is known as the "county court." There is considerable difference in the make-up of the county board in the various States. In some it is made up of one member from each township in the county. In others the counties are divided into districts, and one member of the county board is chosen from each district. No general description of this could be given that would be accurate, as some of the States follow both of these plans. For instance, in Illinois some of the counties are governed by a board of supervisors, which is made up of one member from each township, while other counties in the same State are governed by a board of county commissioners, consisting of three or more members, each representing districts into which the counties in question are divided. - The general powers of the county board throughout all of the States is about the same, except in minor details. It represents the legislative and corporate powers of the county. One of their number is always chosen as chairman or president, and acts as the presiding officer. The county board has general charge over the affairs of the county. It is their duty to provide county offices, provide desks, stationery, books, fuel, etc.; examine, investigate and adjust claims against the county, and have general care' and custody of all the real and personal estate owned by the county. At regular intervals they settle with the county treasurer; examine accounts and vouchers. They locate county roads; determine the amount of county tax, and regularly publish a statement of their proceedings; make statements of receipts, expenditures, etc.; and make all contracts, and do all other acts in relation to the property and concerns of the county necessary to exercise its corporate powers that are not specifically delegated to other county officials. TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT T HE method of township government throughout the different States varies so much that it is impossible in this article to treat of it more than in a general way. In many of the States the townships are not organized as bodies corporate, and in other States in some counties they may have township organization, while in other counties in the same State it does not exist. In cases where there is no township organization the law provides that certain county officials shall attend to the local work., or that work which in other localities as assumed by the township officials. But even where they have township organization the plan of township government in the different States where it exists differs so widely that scarcely any two States may be said to be alike. About the only statements concerning the organized townships that could be made which would apply to all the States are the following: Every organized township in its corporate capacity has power to sue and be sued; to acquire by purchase, gift or devise, and hold property, both real and personal, for the use of its inhabitants, and again to sell and convey the same; and to make all such contracts as may be necessary in the exercise of its powers as a township. In a great many of the States the township government is carried on after a plan very similar to the county and State governments, having various executive officers and a township board in which the corporate and legislative powers, of the township are vested. In other States they follow a plan which reserves to the people all corporate and legislative powers, and therefore have no need for a township board, but have various other township officers to carry out the wishes and orders of the voters. Where this plan prevails they hold what is generally termed "town meetings," at which every legal voter of the township has a voice. At these meetings reports are had from the various township officials, and the necessary measures are adopted and directions given for carrying on the township business. Still other States combine good features from both of the plans above mentioned, and besides the other usual township officials they maintain a township board, which is given certain restricted powers, such as those of a review or an auditing board, but they are not vested with the complete corporate and legislative powers of the township, this being reserved in a large measure to the voters, and all questions calling for the exercise of such authority are acted upon at the town meetings. In many of the States the township board just described is made up of three or more of the other township officers, who are ex-officio members of the township board, and they meet at certain times, perform the work required of them, and report to the town meetings. The principal officials in township organizations in nearly all the States are the following: "Supervisors, or trustees," "clerk," "treasurer,"1) "assessor, Y1 "collector," "justices of the peace," "constables,"~ "4overseers, supervisors or commissioners of the highways," and "poundmasters," although as has been stated, many of the States do not have all of these officials. SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENT_ T HE "common school system," or, to speak with greater accuracy, the method of governing school districts, in the various States, differs widely, yet all follow in a general way one of two separate and clearly defined methods, being amended in minor respects to meet local conditions and ideas. All of these methods have their excellent points, and yet it has been claimed by eminent educators that no one of them is free from fault and objection, nor has reached perfection. It will be the aim of this article to briefly ezplain the principal features of the several methods, but it is not possible to go into detail in the matter of giving the system of school government that is followed in each of the many States of the Union. The constitution and statutes of all the States agree, however, upon several points. They aim to provide for a thorough and efficient system of free schools, whereby all the children of the States may receive a thorough common school education; they provide that all lands, moneys and other property donated, granted or received for school, college, seminary or university purposes, and the proceeds thereof, shall be faithfully applied to, the objects stated; with two or three exceptions they provide that n6 appropriation shall be made or public funds applied in aid of any church or sectarian purpose, or to support or sustain any. school, academy, seminary, college or university controlled or run in the interest of any church or for a sectarian purpose; and they prohibit the various school officials from holding any interest in the sale, proceeds or profits of any book, apparatus or furniiture used in the schools in which they, as officers, are interested. In many of the States they f ollow what may be termed the "indepent school district" method, inasmuch as each district, so f ar as its corporate powers are concerned, is entirely separate and independent of other districts. Where this plan is followed the boundaries of eaceh district are clearly define-d, aiindecdistri;ct s omlee ithi*n itself. termed the "township system." In such States the law provides for the organization of each township for school purposes, or as one large "district," and each township, so far as its educational interests are concerned, is organized, has the necessary officials and becomes a body politic and corporate. As a: general rule, where this method prevails, the townships are divided into three or more sub-district~s. All of these sub-districts are a part of the whole, and the finances and general business is generally managed by a township board made uip of representatives from each sub-district. This board is generally clothed with the corporate powers, hires teachers, provides fuel and supplies and makes all the contracts necessary to carry on the various schools in the township. As with independent districts, the powers of this board are not alike in all States where the township system prevails, for in some States their power is very much restricted, and is limited to certain official matters, the corporate powers and right to make important contracts being reserved to the people, who decide on these questions at what are termed the school meetings. In a few of the States where they follow the township system they have no official board. This is the case in Indiana, where they elect a: township trustee, whose duty it is to look after all the educational interests of the township, subject to the approval of the people at the regular meetings. In most of the States where the township system prevails the law provides for the organization, under certain conditions, of sub-districts into independent districts, which gives them the power to elect their own officers and act independently of the other schools in the township. In nearly all of the States one of the two general methods given above is followed, with certain changes to make the plan more efficient and satisfactory, and to better meet the desires and needs of the people of the different States. Many of the States combine good features from both these systems, as some of the States have the township system, wherein each sub-district has its own board, and so far as controlling its own affairs is concerned, is independent of all other districts. But local conditions have in many instances made special and local provisions necessary that are different in each State, and while there may be a vast difference in the methods followed, their aim is the same, and, as a whole, the various systems have accomplished the result of giving throughout the length and breadth of the Union the grandest and most efficient system of free schools that the world has ever known. CITIES AND VIL4LAGES IN all of the States the- laws provide for the local government of school matters and civil authority. In school affairs provision is pendent of, the township in which they are located, both as to they may be separated from, and thus manage their affairs indecities and villages, so that when they attain a certain population made for handling the more complex educational interests of villages and cities-the school boards beiig made larger, and in many cases the scope of their authority is very much extended. In civil, matters provision is made in all of the States for the organization of villages and cities as corporate bodies, separate and distinct from the townships, and providing for the necessary officers to carry on the affairs of the municipality. I I Copyright, 1910, by Oeo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  VII t 1 GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS. SUPPLEMENT VII GENERAL INFORMATION ON Banking and Business Methods. q RELATIONS BETWEEN A BANK AND ITS CUSTOMERS. N business life there is no more complex or important relation than that which exists between the business men generally and the banks, and it should be guarded with jealous care, so that both may retain the full confidence of the other. Business development in the United States has progressed with such gigantic strides that it has long since passed the stage where it is even possible to carry on business without the agency of banks. They are today a necessity in the transaction of Dusiness and making exchanges. It has been said, and with a great deal of truth, that in the present day the entire and sole object and result of business is the transfer of credits on the books of the banking houses; and that about the only use to which money is put is in making small change or paying balances. Business, in the most general and comprehensive sense, is almost wholly carried on by the aid of banks with checks, drafts and exchange. And it will be seen what a very important part the element of confidence plays in business life, when it is remembered that every check or draft that changes hands, implies the confidence on the part of the party receiving and accepting it, that it will be honored at the bank when presented. OPENING AN ACCOUNT HE first step in the matter of becoming a depositor and customer of a bank is the interview with the banker, either the President, or Cashier, as the case may be. If unknown to the banker it is necessary for some one who is known to identfy and vouch for the applicant as being honorable and straightforward, for banks are compelled to be careful in this matter as they subsequently must handle all the checks, drafts and exchanges that the prospective customer employs in his business, so that while the business of an honest man is valuable to them and is appreciated, that of a dishonest man is shunned by them as an element of risk and danger-the same to them as to every one else with whom he deals. The identification and reference, however, being satisfactory the prospective customer is given a pass book or account book, writes his signature in a book kept for that purpose, is made known to the receiving and paying tellers, makes his first deposit and is then a full fledged customer and depositor of the bank. DEPOSITS. EPOSITS are made in the following manner: A "Deposit Ticket" or "Deposit Blank" is furnished the customer, and he enters upon this a full description of all the items which he desires entered to his credit, stating whether it is gold, silver or currency and making a separate entry for each draft or check that he deposits. In entering such items as drafts and checks some banks require a separate entry for each item which will show upon what bank or at least what city or town each draft or check is drawn. After having endorsed his name on the back of all checks and drafts he hands the "Deposit Ticket," together with all the items named upon it, and his Pass Book, to the receiving teller, who examines it, checks off the various items to see that they are all there, and enters the total amount to the customer's credit in the "Pass Book;" and it is also carried to his credit from the Deposit Ticket onto the books of the bank. The "Deposit Ticket" is an important feature of the transaction, and the customer is required to fill this out with ink. It bears his name and the date and is carefully preserved for future reference by the bank to settle any dispute or difference that may arise. As all men are liable to error the depositor, to prevent mistakes, should always see that the amount of the deposit is correctly entered in his book before leaving the bank. If a deposit is made when a customer has not his "Pass Book" a duplicate ticket should be taken, and the amount entered properly when next at the bank. It will be seen from the above that all checks and drafts are entered to the credit of the customer at the time he deposits them, the same as cash items. The depositor, however, is held responsible for the non-payment of all checks, drafts and other items deposited as cash until payment has been ascertained by the bank. The bank, however, must use due diligence in attending to them within a reasonable time. If a check or draft is held beyond a reasonable time and, meanwhile, the bank upon which it is drawn fails, the receiving bank would be compelled to lose it. What is a reasonable time, according to decisions of the courts, depends upon the circumstances and varies in different cases. In cities, where they have a Clearing House, checks on other city banks are expected to reach the Clearing House on the next day succeeding the time of the deposit; but as to checks and drafts drawn upon other or distant cities, a reasonable time must be allowed for them to be presented for payment. If the banker, however, is negli gent concerning it, he must stand the loss. Such cases very rarely, if ever, occur, and it may safely be stated that in the absence of any special or unusual conditions for all items such as checks, drafts, etc., the banker only receives them for collection for the account of the depositor and therefore acts only as his agent and as such is charged with using only due diligence in attending to the business. DISCOUNTS, LOANS, ETC. HE word "Discount" is applied to interest when it is deducted from the amount at the time a loan is made-in other words, interest that is paid in advance. It is the general rule of banks in making "short time" loans to customers to give credit for the amount of the loan, less the interest. Many business men fail to obtain the full benefit that a bank can give them, through hesitancy or diffidence in asking for a loan; and in many instances will borrow of a neighboring business man and thus, frequently embarrass him, rather than go to the banker, whose business it is to help him through such times of need, when possible. This is what banks are established for, largely, and they are always glad to "get their money out and keep it out" provided they can be reasgnably sure of its return. If an applicant is unable to furnish reasonable security, or is irresponsible or unworthy he must necessarily be refused, but in securing money which he cannot guarantee the return of, whether it be from a banker or another business man he does an injustice to the interests of business generally. However, every business man in need of financial help, whether his needs be great or little, should go to the banker first and submit the situation, securities, etc., to him, as of all men he is by training the best judge and advisor in such matters. He may be compelled to decline to give the required aid, but this refusal should never be taken as a personal matter, as it must be remembered that he has other interests to serve and depositors, stockholders and directors to protect before followinfg his own personal desires. COLLECTIONS. IN leaving notes or other items for collection the customer writes on the back of each the words: "For Collection for Account of," and places his signature below it. Upon receipt of this, the proper officer or clerk of the bank, will enter the items either in the back of the customer's "pass book" or give a separate receipt as the case may be. When the bank receives payment on the items the customer is notified and the amount is entered to his credit both on his Pass Book and on the books of the bank the same as any other deposit. A bank in receiving paper for collection acts only as the agent of the customer and does not assume any responsibility beyond due diligence on its part. All banks make collections either in or out of the city where they are located for their customers at very moderate rates. These items should always be left at the bank before they become due, so as to give the bank time to give an abundant notice to the I parties. If the customer desires to make a "sight" or "time draft upon a debtor, upon application the bank will furnish him wit1l blank drafts. STATEMENTS AND BALANCES. A FEW words concerning statements and balances will not be inappropriate in this connection. Every customer of a bank should always and without fail, once in each month, have his "Pass Book" balanced by the banker. This rule should always be observed to correct any error that might occur and avoid loss and complications. The amount of deposits is added up and a balance is struck by deducting the total amount of the customer's checks which the bank has either paid or "accepted" (certified) during the month. The cancelled checks are returned to the customer. If any error is discovered it should be reported immediately to the bank so that it may be investigated and rectified. NEGOTIABLE PAPER. ROBABLY the greatest factor in the business world of today is "Negotiable Paper," without which it is not probable that business development could have assumed the vast proportions that it has reached in America; and without which the business of the civilized world could not be carried on. This term includes a variety of instruments, such as promissaory notes, checks, drafts and bills of exchange. The bill of exchange is one of the oldest forms of negotiable paper, and has been in use for a number of centuries. The draft and check came into use at a much later day, and the promissory note is a comparatively recent invention, and has very largely taken the place of the bill of exchange as it was used in former times. The most important attribute of promissory notes, bills of exchange, and other instruments of the same class, which distinguish them from all other contracts, is their negotiability. This consists of two entirely distinct elements or branches-first, the power of transferring the paper from one owner to another, so that the assignee shall assume a complete title, and be able to sue on it; second, the effect upon the rights of the parties produced by such a transfer when made before maturity, in the regular course of business, for a consideration to a purchaser in good faith, and without notice of any defect or defense, whereby all defenses of the maker (with few exceptions) are cut off, and the holder becomes absolutely entitled to recover. A written order or promise may be perfectly valid as a contract; but it will not be negotiable unless certain requisites are complied with. The following requisites are indispensable: It must be written; must.be signed; it must be absolute, not depending upon any contingency; it must be to pay money in a certain amount capable of being certain by computation; the time of payment must be certain or such as will become certain; but when no time is expressed the law implies that payment is due immediately; and lastly, the order or promise must be accompanied by words of negotiability-that is, payable to a certain payee's order or to bearer. PROMISSORY NOTES. CCORDING to the general "law merchant," unaffected by statute, a promissory note is the written promise of a person, called the "maker," to pay a certain sum of money at a certain time to a designated person termed the "payee" or to his order or bearer. It must have all the requisites that have been mentioned for negotiable paper, otherwise, if it fails in any of these matters it becomes a contract, as it thus loses the element of negotiability. Contracts may be perfectly valid without all of these requisites, but they do not possess the peculiar qualities which belong to promissory notes. It is customary in all promissory notes to write the words "value received" but this is not absolutely essential, as a consideration and value is implied in every note, draft, check, bill of exchange or endorsement. It is the common law of both England and this country that no promise can be enforced unless made for a consideration or sealed, but negotiable instruments as a rule are an exception to this. Between the original parties a want of consideration can be pleaded a defense and would operate to defeat a recovery. It would have the same effect as between an endorser and his endorsee, but this only applies to immediate parties or to those who had notice of the defense or became holders of the paper after maturity. It may be stated as an almost invariable rule that no defense will operate to defeat the recovery if the paper has been negotiated and passed into the hands of an innocent purchaser, in the regular course of business, before maturity and for value. The absence of any of these elements, however, will allow a defense to be set up and will defeat recovery even in the hands of third parties if it can be shown that there was either: a want of consideration, that it was obtained by duress, or fraud or circumvention, or larceny; or that the consideration was illegal. In order to cut off these defenses and give the holder the absolute right to recover, all of the conditions named must be fulfilled. If he purchases the note even one day after it becomes due it is then subject to any defense or set off which the maker may have against the original payee. Demand of payment for a note must be made at the place where it is payable at the time of maturity; if not paid notice must immediately be given to the endorsers, otherwise, in a majority of the States, all endorsements that are not qualified will be released. If a note is not dated it will not defeat it, but will be considered as dated when it was made; but a written date is prima facie evidence of the time of making. When a note falls due on Sunday, or a legal holiday, it becomes payable the day previous. If a sum is written at length in the body and also in figures at the corner the written words control it. It destroys the negotiability of a note to write in the body of it any conditions or contingencies. A valuable consideration is not always money. It may be either any gain or advantage to the promisor, or injury sustained by the promisee at the promisor's request. A previous debt, or a fluctuating balance, or a debt due from a third person, might be a valuable consideration. So is a moral consideration, if founded upon a previous legal consideration as, where one promises to pay a debt that is barred by limitation or by infancy. But a merely moral consideration as one founded upon natural love and affection is no legal consideration. No consideration is sufficient in law if it be illegal in its nature, or if distinctly opposed to public policy. If a note is payable at a bank it is only necessary to have the note at the bank at the stipulated time to constitute a sufficient demand; and if there are no funds there to meet it, this is sufficient refusal. DAYS OF GRACE.-In a great many States three "Days of Grace," as they are termed, are allowed on negotiable instruments beyond the date set for payment. This is not the universal rule, however, as the tendency of late years has been toward doing away with this custom, and a number of States have already passed laws abolishing the "Days of Grace." Where the rule is in effect, however, and it is not specifically waived in the instrument the payor is entitled to three days as fully as though it were so stipulated, and the holder cannot enforce collection until the expiration of three days after the date set for payment. BILLS OF EXCHANGE. T HE "bill of exchange" is an open letter or order whereby one person requests another to pay a third party (or order or bearer) a certain fixed sum of money. They are of two kinds, the Inland and Foreign bills, the names of which imply the difference between them. The three parties to the bill are called the Drawer, Drawee and Payee. The bill must be presented to the Drawee and if he agrees to obey the order, he "accepts" the bill by writing the word "accepted" across its face and signs his name below it-and thus becomes the "Acceptor." The instrument is usually made negotiable and the payee can transfer it to others by endorsement, which method of transfer may go on indefinitely. The following is a common form of an inland bill of exchange: BILL OF EXCHANGE. $600 CHICAGO, ILL., June 1, 1894. Sixty days after sight pay to John Sims, or order, Six Hundred Dollars, and charge same to my account. To HENRY HOLT & Co., JOHN DOE. Boston, Mass. CHECKS. A CHECIK on a bank is one form of "Inland Bill of Exchange," but there is some slight difference in the liability of the parties to it. A check requires no acceptance, as a bank is bound to pay the checks of its depositors while still in possession of their funds, and the drawer of a check having funds on deposit has an action for damage for refusal to honor his check, under such circumstances, on the ground of an implied obligation to pay checks according to the usual course of business. Checks are usually drawn payable immediately, but they may be made payable at a future day, and in this case their resemblance to a bill of exchange is very close. As stated, a check requires no acceptance, so far as payment or liability of the drawer is concerned, but it creates no obligation against a bank in favor of the holder until acceptance. When accepted by the bank the word "Accepted" is stamped on its fact with the signature of the banker. It is then said to be certified and thereafter the bank is liable to the holder. As soon as the check is "certified" the amount is charged against the account of the "drawer" the same as if paid, and it is considered paid so far as the "drawer" is concerned. The drawer of a check is not a surety in the same sense as is the drawer of a bill of exchange, but is the principal debtor like the maker of a note. He cannot complain of any delay in the presentment, for it is an absolute appropriation to the holder of so much money, in the hands of the bank, and there it may lie at the holder's pleasure. The delay, however, is at the holder's risk, and if the bank should fail after he could have got his money the loss is his. If, before he presents the check, the bank pays out all the money of the drawer, then he may look to the drawer for payment. If the holder of a check transfers it to another he has the right to expect that it will be presented for payment within a reasonable time. He has the right to expect that it will either be presented the next day or started to the point on which it is drawn. If it is held beyond a reasonable time and a loss is occasioned thereby, the party responsible for the delay must bear the loss. If a bank pays a forged check it is so far its own loss that it cannot charge the money to the depositor whose name was forged. But it is entitled to recover the money from the party who presented it. If it pay a check of which the amount has been falsely and fraudulently increased, it can charge the drawer only with the original amount, provided the drawer himself has not caused or facilitated the forgery by carelessly writing it or leaving it in such hands as to make the forgery or alteration easy. In some of the States the Supreme Court has decided in cases where checks were "raised" that the drawer must bear the loss as they had failed to take reasonable precaution to prevent it. Perforating and cutting machines are on the market which make it almost impossible to raise or alter the amounts so as to avoid detection, and the tendency of the decisions is to regard the use of these as only a reasonable precaution on the part of check drawers to save their bank from trouble and loss. Some, however, adopt the plan of writing the amount in red ink across their signature. If many persons, not partners, join in a deposit they must join in a check. If a payee's name is misspelled or wrong in a check, the usual plan is to endorse it first exactly as it appears and then sign the name correctly. There is no settled rule as to how checks should be drawn. In nearly all the cities it is an almost invariable rule to make them payable "to order" so as to require the endorsement of the payee; but in smaller towns many check drawers make them payable "to bearer," in which case they require no endorsement, and if lost or stolen may cause loss-as whoever presents such a check at the bank is entitled to payment. DRAFTS. A DRAFT is a form of an "inland bill of exchange." The two forms of bills of exchange called "drafts" are the bank draft (or exchange) and the "sight or time draft." The bank draft is, to all intents and purposes, the same as a check, but the term is usually applied to "checks" drawn by one bank upon funds which it may have in some other bank, termed its "correspondent." A draft is but very seldom made payable to bearer, it being almost an invariable rule to make them payable to a certain payee or order. They are negotiable and can be transferred indefinitely by endorsement. If a draft is lost or stolen, by applying to the bank that issued it, the payment can be stopped, and after the expiration of thirty days a duplicate will be issued. The "Sight Draft'" or "Time Draft," in which case it reads to pay after a certain number of days, is a very common method of making collections to-day by creditors, and it serves the double purpose of being an order to pay to a bank or third party, and is also a receipt to the debtor. It is simple in its wording, the following being a general form: $1000 CHICAGO, June 1, 1894. At sight (or so many days after sight as the case may be) pay to the order of Bank One Thousand Dollars and charge to rny account. JOHN SIMS. To GEO. SIMS, NEW YORK, N. Y. ENDORSEMENTS. THE signature of any payee or holder on the back of any check, draft, note, bill of exchange or other negotiable instrument is termed his "endorsement." It simply means the placing of the name of the holder, or payee, on the back of the instrument, thus indicating that, for a consideration, he has relinquished his title to it, and in the absence of any condition or qualification expressed in the endorsement, it implies that the endorser will see that the instrument is paid in case it is not taken up by the maker or payor. Where the instrument is made payable to "bearer," as to "John Sims or bearer," no endorsement is necessary to pass the title-it passes with delivery and any holder may collect or sue upon it the same as if he were the payee named therein. In a case of this kind if any holder endorses the instrument, the law is construed strictly against him, and, as it was not necessary for him to endorse to pass title, the law presumes in the absence of a positive qualification that his endorsement was made for the purpose of indicating that he would pay it if the payor failed to do so. Where several payees are named in the instrument it must bear the endorsement of all of them to pass the title and make one transfer of it. In this case, however, their liability as endorsers is joint, not several. But where two or more holders endorse one after the other in making a transfer from one to the other their liability is several, not joint. Every check, draft, bill of exchange, note or other negotiable instrument which is made payable to a certain "payee or order" must bear the endorsement of the party named, to pass the title, and even in cases where they are made payable to "bearer" it is generally customary for the party to whom a transfer is made to require the person from whom he secures it to place his endorsement thereon. There are several kinds of endorsement which should be mentioned in this connection. The first is the "blank endorsement," or "endorsement in blank," in making which the payee simply places his signature on the back of the instrument, without condition or qualification of any kind. This passes the title to the instrument, and, from that time on, it becomes payable to bearer, and the title passes with delivery, until some subsequent holder sees fit to limit by making it payable to some other payee, or places some other qualification or condition in the endorsement. When a negotiable instrument bearing a "blank endorsement" has once been put into circulation, any subsequent holder of it has the right to limit or restrict it by writing the conditions over his own endorsement, or, by writing over the endorsement of the original payee, words making it payable to himself or some other party, "or order." This point has been decided by the supreme courts of several of the States. The endorsement may be restricted or qualified in a number of ways. One, which is called a "full endorsement," is very common in the business world. It is simply the act of the payee named making it payable to some other certain payee or order. To do this, the endorser writes on the back of the instrument, the directions, as: "Pay to John Sims, or order," and places his signature below it. This does not limit his liability as an endorser, but the title to the instrument must thereafter pass through John Sims, and it must bear his endorsement before it will be paid or honored. I I I I I 0 COPYRIGHT 1910, BY GEO, A. OGLE & CO. I

Page  VIII SUPPLEMENT VIII. I GENERAL. INFORM~ATION ON BAN.KING AND BUSINESS METHODS, 7 Another common form of limiting the endorsement is to enable the payee (when it is made payable to his order) to transfer his title to the instrument without becoming responsible for its payment, and making the party to whom it is transferred assume all responsibility concerning payment. To do this the endorser writes the words "Without Recourse" over his signature, which has the effect of relinquishing his title without making him liable to the holder in case the payor fails to take it up. Another method of limiting the endorsement is to make it conditional, a good illustration of which is the following: "Pay to John Sims or order upon his delivering to the First National Bank a warranty deed to lot 5, block 4, etc.," below which the endd-rser places his signature. He can also make it payable to "A. B. only," or in equivalent words, in which case "A. B." cannot endorse it over. In fact, the endorser has the power to limit -his endorsement as he sees fit, and either to lessen or increase his liability, such as either "waiving notice of demand;" making his endorsement a "6general and special guaranty -of payment" to all future holders, etc., but he cannot, by his endorsement, either increase or lessen the liability of any other endorser on the instrument. An endorser, as a rule, is entitled to immediate notice in case the payor fails to pay. This is the case in nearly all of the United* States, as it has been a rule- of the "law merchant" for many years. A few modifications, however, of the general "law merchant" have been made by statute in several of the States,' relating to negotiable paper, in changing the endorser's liability by rendering his contract absolute instead of conditional, making notice unnecessary unless he suffers damage through want of it, or requiring a judgment to be first recovered before he can be held. In the absence, however, of statutory provisions of this kind, and they exist only in a f ew of the States, it may be said that to hold endorsers they must have prompt notice of non-payment, and it may be said to be a general rule of the "law merchant" that 911 parties to negotiable paper as endorsers who are entitled to notice are discharged by want of notice. The demand, notice and protest may be made according to the laws of the place where payable. The term Protest is applied to the official act by an authorized person (usually a Notary Public), whereby he affirms in a formal or prescribed manner in writing that a certain bill, draft, check or other negotiable paper has been presented for acceptance or payment, as the case may be, and been refused. This, and the notice of the "Protest," which must be sent to all endorsers and parties to the paper is to notify them officially of its failure. GUARANTY. A GUARANTOR"4 is one who is bound to another for the fulfillment of a promise, or of an engagement, made by a A third party. This kind of contract is very common. According to the "statute of frauds" it must be in writing, and unless it is a sealed instrument there must be a consideration to support it. As a rule it is not negotiable, so as to be enforced by the transferee as if it had been given to him by the guarantor, but this depends upon the wording, as, if it contains all the characteristics of a note, payable to order or bearer, it will be held negotiable. A contract of guaranty is construed strictly, and if the liability of the principal be materially varied by the act of the party guaranteed, without the consent of the guarantor, the guarantor is discharged. The guarantor is also discharged if the liability or obligation is renewed, or extended by law or otherwise, unless he in writing renews the contract. In the case of a bank incorporated for twenty years, which was renewed for ten years more without change of officers, the courts held that the original sureties could not be held after the first term. The guaranty can be enforced even though the original debt cannot, as is the case in becoming surety for the debt of a minor. A guarantor who pays the debt of the principal is entitled to demand from the creditor all the securities he holds, or of the note or bond on which declares the debt; and, in some States, the creditor cannot fall back upon the guarantor until he has collected as much as possible from these securities and exhausted legal remedies against the principal. If the debt or obligation be first incurred and completed before the guaranty is given, there- must beA a -new P-cnidePration-nor the guairanty is--void. own goods, in which case it need not be in 'writing; or- a promise to pay the debt or guranty the promise of him to whom the goods are delivered, in which case it must be in writing. The question generally resolves itself into this: To whom did the seller give and was authorized to give credit? This is a question of fact and not of law. If the books of the seller show that he charged them to the party to whom he delivered them, it is almost impossible for him to hold the other party for it, but if on the other hand it is shown that he regarded the goods as being sold to the party whom it is desired to hold, but delivered them to another party and it is so shown on his books, it is not regarded as a guaranty, but an original or collateral promise, and would make the party liable. In general, a guarantor of a bill or note is not entitled to such strict and exact notice as an endorser is entitled to, but only such notice as shall save him from actual loss, as he can not make the want of notice his defense unless he can show that it was unreasonably withheld and that he suffered thereby. There is a marked difference in the effect of a guaranty of the "payment," or of the "collection" of a debt. In the first case, the creditor can look to the guarantor at any time; in the latter, the creditor must exhaust his legal remedies for collecting it. ACCOMMODATION OF PAPR A Naccommodation bill or note is one for which the acceptor or maker has received no consideration, but has lent his name and credit to accommodate the drawer,, payee or holder. He is bound to all other parties just as completely as If there were a good consideration, for, If this was not the case,, it-would be of no value to the party accommodated. He Is not allowed to set up want of consideration as a defense as against any holder for value. But he is not bound to the party whom he thus accommodates,, no matter how the instrument. may be drawn. IDENTIFICATION. THE mere act of Identifying a party or making him known to a banker carries with it no liability on the part of the party who thus performs it, unless It can be shown there was fraud or collusion. Customers of banks are frequently asked to identify and make known to their own bankers, strangers who desire checks or drafts cashed or other accommodations. In some cases a mere introduction is all that is necessary, but only because the banker relies upon the honor and integrity of his customer, knowing that an improper person would not be introduced, for in a case of this kind the bank assumes all the risk. Generally speaking, however, it is an almost invariable rule with bankers, as It should be, to require their customer to endorse all drafts or checks which are honored for the stranger. In this case the endorser becomes personally liable to the bank if any or all ofth drafts or checks prove worthless. An endorsement which Is frequently made by parties who are asked to Identify others Is to merely Indicate that they know the party to be the payee named in the check or that the signature of the payee or party is 'correct. This is done by writing the words "Signature 0. K." under the party's name and signing it. This has the effect of guaranteeing that the party's name is as written and that it is his proper signature. It does not guarantee that the check or draft is good or will be paid, but merely as expressed, that the signature is correct and the only liability assurned is that he will pay the amount in case the signature proves a forgery. Many banks, however, will not accept papers endorsed.this way and justly so, for it throws upon them. the burden of the risk. RECEIPTS- AND RELEASES. ANY acknowledgment that a sum of money has been paid is a receipt. A receipt which reads "in full" though admitted to be strong evidence is by no means legally conclusive. If the party signing it can show an error or mistake, it will be admitted in his favor. Receipts for money will be held open to examination, and the party holding it must abide the results of such examination-the great aim of the law being to administer strict justice. A receipt may be of different degrees of explicitness, as the word "Paid" or "Received Payment" written on a hill. A "release" is simply a f orm of receipt, but is more binding upon the parties, inasmuch as, if properly drawn, under seal, for a consideration, it is a complete defense to any action based on the debts or claims so released. Herein, releases differ from receipts. A release is in the nature of a written contract and therefore cannot be controlled or contradicted by evidence, unless on the ground of fraud. But if its woikls are ambiguous, or may have either two or more meanings, evidence is receivable to determnine the meaning. INFANTS AND MINORS. THE incapacity of a person to make a valid contract may arise from seve~ral causes, and the fact of being an infant, or minor, is one of them. The general rule of law may be stated as being that the contract of an infant or minor is riot always void, but is voidable, and in many cases special exception is made, giving validity to their contracts for necessa.. ries. By being voidable but not void in themselves, means that the infant has the right to disavow and annul the contract, either before or within a reasonable time after he reaches his majority. He may do this by word only, but a mere acknowledgment that the debt exists is not enough, and it must be substantially a new promnise. AGENCY. THERE are a few well-settled and important rules of law governing the matter of agents and agency, which every Tbusiness man should understand thoroughly. The relation of principal and agent implies that the principal acts by andl through the agent. A principal is responsible for the acts of the agent only when he has actually given full authority to the agent, or when he has by his words, or his acts, or both, caused or permitted the person with whom the agent deals to believe him clothed with this authority. This is a point which is not always thoroughly understood, but it is a well-settled principle of law. There are two kinds af agents-general and special. A general agent is one authorized to represent his principal in all his business, or in all his business of a particular kind, and his power is limited by the usual scope and character of the business he is empowered to transact. If he is given out as the general agent, the principal is bound, even if the agent transcends his actual authority, but does not go beyond the natural and usual scope of the business. On the other hand, a special agent is one authorized to do only a specific thing, or a few specified things, or a specified line of work. If this special agent exceeds his authority, it may be stated as an almost invariable rule that the principal is not bound, because the party dealing with the agent must inquire for himself and at his own peril, into the extent and limits of the authority given to the agent. Especially is this the case where the party knew that the agent had been or was engaged in attending to a authority; but this is not the case if the party with whom he dealt knew that the authority was transcended. ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF BANKING. IN general, banks may be said to be credit institutions or dealers in credit. John Jay Knox once said that "the exchanges of the modern world are barter, effected by the indirect agency of 'the credit system, and banks and bankers are the machinery by which this is done." Metallic money and its representative, the circulating note, are only the small change of "Trade" employed in the settlement of balances and small purchases and payments. This fact is illustrated by the operations of the New York clearing house. The exchanges have been about 800,000 millions of dollars during the past thirty years, while the balances paid in money have only been dSbout U96,000 millions, or about 4 per cent. of the amount of the settlements. It has always been claimed that the business of banking origmnated with the Venetian money changers who displayed their wares and moneys on the streets and thus supplied those in need of change. According to the most eminent authorities the earliest banking institution in Europe was the Bank of Venice, which was founded in 1172, and was based upon a forced loan of the government. Funds deposited in it could be transferred to others on the books of the bank at the pleasure of the owner, but they could not be withdrawn. The perpetual annuities of the British debt are handled in a very similar manner at the present day. The Bank of Venice was continued until 1797. In 1401, the Bank of Barcelona was formed. At a period much earlier than this, the Jewish moneydealers had invented what was known as "foreign bills of exchange," but it is said that this bank was the first institution that made a business of negotiating and handling them. The Bank of Genoa commenced operation in 1407 and for centuries was one of the principal banks of Europe. It was the first to issue circulating notes-which were passed only by endorsement, not being payable to bearer. The Bank of Hamburg, established in 1619, was a bank of both deposit and circulation based on fine silver bars. This bank, like nearly all of that early time, had, as a principal object, the protection of the people from worn, sweated, clipped and plugged coins, or coins of certain empires that were reduced in standard value. The remedy generally adopted was to lock up the debased and depreciated coins and circulate the credit granted for them. Various other banks sprang into existence throughout Europe, many of them being powerful government agencies, and in many cases exerted a wide influence in shaping the destinies of empires. In 1694 the Bank of England was established, and there Is no banking institution in the world equal to it in the management of national finances. The Bank of France was authorized in 1800. It Is not a fiscal agent of the government as is that of England. It does not collect or disburse the revenues of the exchequer, but It lends to it largely, while its credits,'in the form of circulating notes and other acceptances, have borne the government safely through extraordinary needs. It Is claimed that the first organized bank In the United States bad Its origin in the formation of a banking company without charter June 18th, 1780, by the citizens of Philadelphia, and first action by Congress was taken June 22, of the same year, in reference to this proposed association. Two years afterward a "perpetual charter" was granted to the Bank of North America at Philadelphia. In 1784 the State of Massachusetts incorporated, the Massachusetts Bank. The Bank of New York was chartered in March, 1791, although it had been doing business since 1784, under articles of association drawn by Alexander Hamilton. Most of these institutions are still running and have been converted into national banks. The Bank of the United States was organized in 1791. The most of the stock was owned by the United States Government but later the Government interest was disposed of, and in 1843 the bank failed. State banks were organized rapidly, and private banking firms sprang into existence and the business of banking assumed immense proportions. In 1868, the NATIONAL BANK SYSTzM was adopted and in 1864 the National Bank Bureau of the Treasury Department was organized, the chief officer of which is the comptroller of the 'currency. In March, 1865, an act was passed providing for a ten per cent, tax on notes of any person or State bank issued for circulation, and making an exception of National banks. This had the effect of taxing the State bank circulation out of existence. As the National banking system has proven one of the most efficient and satisfactory methods the world has ever known, it will be of interest to review here some of its principal features Under this act National banks may be organized by any number of persons not less than five. Not less than one-third of the capital must be invested in United States bonds, upon which circulating notes may be issued equal to 90 per cent. of the par value of the bonds. These circulating notes are receivable at par in the United States in all payments except for duties on imports, interest on the public debt and in redemption of the national currency. The National banks are required to keep a certain reserve; they are authorized to loan money at the rate of interest allowed in the various states-when no rate is fixed by the laws of the State, the banks may charge 7 per cent. Shareholders are held individually liable, equably and ratably, for all debts of the association to the extent of the amount of their stock, in addition to the amount invested therein. The banks are required, before the declaration of a dividend, to carry one-tenth part of their net profits of the preceding half year to a surplus fund until the same shall amount to 20 per cent. of the capital; and losses and bad debts must be deducted from net profits before any dividend is declared. A receiver may be appointed by the comptroller to close up under his supervision the affairs of any national bank which shall fail to keep good its lawful money reserve or which may become insolvent. While there have been national bank failures, there has never been any loss to the people whatever on the circulation. A suit may be brought for forfeiture of the charter of a bank if the directors shall knowingly violate the law; and in such cases they may be held liable in their individual capacity. There are other restrictions in the law-such as, for instance, the prohibition against loaning to.any one borrower of more then ten per cent. of the capital; or the holding of any real estate -except such as is required for banking purposes, or the granting of loans upon the security of the bank stock. -The national bank circulation has been gradually growing less during the past ten years, as the United States bonds available are quoted so high above par and the rate of interest so low that there is but little profit to the banks in it. All of the States have laws regulating State banks and providing certain restrictions, but as the laws of the various States are not alike it is impossible to give a general description of the matter that would apply to all the States. The laws, however, provide for and require State banks to hold a certain reserve, and at regular intervals they make full statements as to their condition and their affairs are examined into by certain State officials at frequent intervals. The laws of all the States have reached a high degree of perfection in the method of regulating and overseeing State banks, and the almost universal soundness and reliability of these institutions reflect credit upon the laws under which they exist. CLEARING HOUSE. so received to the debtor banks f or payment. The balances were adjusted by payments in gold, which became so laborious, dangerous and complicated that the balances were settled only weekly inL. stead of daily-a plan that resulted in great risk and evil. This was obviated by the clearing-house system, through which the settlements are so simultaneously and quickly effected that in New York the transactions in one single day have amounted to over $300,000,000, in adjusting which the exchanges were settled in the space of an hour. Besides saving a vast amount of work, bookkeeping and expense, it enabled the banks by united aid to strengthen each other in times of excitement and financial panic. I The following is the manner in which the settlements are mkde in about all the clearing-houses of this country: The clearing-room is provided with a continuous line of desks, one for each bank that is a member of the association, each desk bearing the name and number of the bank. Each bank is represented every morning, at the hour fixed for settlement, by two clerks, one a messenger who brings with him the checks, drafts, etc* *, that his bank has received during the day previous upon the other banks-called the "exchanges," and these are assorted for each bank and placed in envelopes. On the outside of each envelope is a slip on which are listed the amounts of the various items which it contains. The messengers take their places in a line outside the row of desks, each opposite the desk assigned to his bank, white at each desk is a clerk with a sheet containing the names of all the banks in the same order as the desks, with the aggregate amounts which his bank's messenger has against each bank. Just previous to the hour fixed for making the exchanges the manager takes his position and calls the house to ord'er. At a signal the bell rings and each messenger moves forward to the desk next to his own and delivers the envelope containing the checks, etc., for the bank represented at that desk to the clerk at that desk, together with a printed list of the banks in the same order, with the amount opposite _ each bank. The clerk receiving it signs and returns it to the messenger, who immediately passes on to the next desk; then to the next, and so on until he has made a complete circuit and has again reached the desk of his own bank-the starting point. All the other messengers moving in the same manner, each messenger has, by this means, visited every bank and delivered to each everything his bank held for it, taking a receipt for the same; and at the same time each bank has received all the exchanges that every other bank had against it. This operation, even in the greatest clearing-houses, only consumes from ten to fifteen minutes. This enables the banks to know at once the exact balance for or against it, as the clerks immediately enter from the slips on their own sheets the aggregate amount from each bank, and the difference between the total amount brought by them, which at once shows the balance due to or from the clearing house to each bank. This is reported to their banks, and the balance is paid to or drawn from the clearing house, thus at once7 settling the accounts between all the banks. The lists are "1proved" carefully and certain fines are laid for all errors, tardiness, etc. Id ___________________________________________________________________________ U COPYRIGHT 1910 BY CEO. A. OGLE & CO

Page  X / L mom SUPPLEMENT X. CHRONOLOOGICAL. ARRANGEN1E -----OF...... ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN Copyright, 1896, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. The chief aim of this Chronological History is to give in a comprehensive and attractive form the principal events oft unnecessary details. For convenience this history is arranged under-I. Ancient History, II. Medieval History, III. Modern Hi, From the beginning of the Sixteenth Century to American Revolution. Second. From the birth of the United States to the pn ^N s HISTORY he history of the world free from story. The latter is given-First. asent time by countries. Ancient History B. C. 4004 Biblical account of the creation. j3800 Sargon I. King of Babylon. 3200 *The first Egyptian dynasty under Menes. 2803 Snefru, 3d Egyptian dynasty. Egyptian inscriptions begin. Phenicia said to have been peopled by the "sons of Anak." 2750 Tyre and Sidon founded. 2700 The 4th Egyptian dynasty begins.~ The Pyramid Tombs erected. 2539 Meria Pepi I., Sixth Egyptian dynasty. 2458 Chaldea said to have been conquered by Medes or Armenians. 2448 The deluge. 2300 The Elamitic Conquest. The Hittites in Cappadocia. Rise of Assyria. 2280 Thebes, Egypt, founded. 2234 Alleged beginning of Chaldean astronomical observations sent by Callisthenes to Aristotle; the earliest extant is of 720 B. C. 2200 The Hia dynasty in China founded. Cuneiform writing probably in use. 2180 Nineveh built. 2160 First Persian dynasty founded. 2130 Amen-em-hat I. founds 12th Egyptian dynasty. S2120 Pyramids built north of Memphis. 2100 The Obelisk of On erected. 2093 Reign of Urich of Chaldea. 2042 Uranus arrives in Greece. 2008 Sicyon, Greece founded. 1996 Birth of Abraham. 1921 Call of Abraham. 1920 Abraham arrives in Syria. 1896 Isaac born. 1882 Death of Abraham. 1856 Kingdom of Argus founded. 1850 Reign of Ismi-dagon, who conquers Assyria. 1837 Birth of Jacob and Esau. 1822 Memnon invents the Egyptian alphabet. 1800 Hykos in Egypt. 1729 Joseph sold into Egypt. 1710 Arcadians emigrate to Italy and found a colony. 1706 Jacob and his family settle in Egypt. 1618 Sesostris conquers Asia and Ethiopia. 1582 Beginning of the chronology of the Arundelian marbles, which were brought to England, in A. D. 1627. 1571 Moses born. Male infants in Egypt destroyed. 1556 Athens founded. 1516 Kingdom of Sparta formed. 1530 Expulsion of the Hykos from Egypt. r1- Aahmes I. founds 18th Egyptian dynasty. 1500 The Kossean conquest of Babylon. Rameses I. founds 19th Egyptian dynasty. Arabians subdue Chaldea and establish a new dynasty. 1497 Reign of Agenor, 1st king of Phenicia. 1493 Cadmus founds Thebes. Discovery of brass. Introduction of the alphabet into Greece. 1491 The passover instituted. Departure of the Israelites from Egypt. The law given from Mount Sinai. 1490 Tabernacle established in the wilderness. 1451 Death of Moses and Aaron. Joshua leads the Israelites into Canaan. 1445 Joshua divides Canaan. 1413 to 1136' Hebrews subject to six periods of bondage. 1402 Othniel, first judge.in Israel. 1400 King of Babylon marries the daughter of the Assyrian King. 1394 Ehud, second judge of Israel. 1384 Corinth built. 1380 Kurigalzu King of Babylon. 1355 Eglon, King of Moab. 1350 Israel wars with her neighbors. 1326 Eleusinian monasteries instituted. 1321 King Th6thmosis changes the Egyptian calendar. 1320 Egyptian Obelisks erected. Ruth the Moabitess marries Boaz. 1313 Kingdom of Myacena created. S1308 Lethos builds temple of Vulcan at Memphis. 1296 Borak and Deborah in Israel. 1280 Pelops settles in South Greese. 1273 Rise of the Assyrian Empire. 1250 Babylon conquered by the Assyrians. 1249 Gideon, the greatest of the judges of Israel. 1240 Ramses-Sesostris reigns in Egypt. 1209 Abimelech King of Israel. 1200 Proetus in Egypt. 1198 Helen carried off by Paris. 1193 Trojan war begins. 1184 Troy destroyed by Greeks. 1180 Rameses III. the last Egyptian native hero. 1171 Eli, High Priest in Israel. 1161 Israel wars against Amorites. 1152 Alba Longa founded. 1150 Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invades Syria. 1143 Jepthah judge over Israel. 1136 Samson defeats the Philistines. 1130 Tiglath Pileser I. invades Babylonia. 1123 Samuel, judge and first prophet in Israel. 1112 Death of Samson. 1110 Tiglath Pileser seizes Babylon but is soon overcome. 1103 Eolians settle in Asia Minor. 1100 (circa) The Chow dynasty in China founded. lb95 Saul ndade first King of Israel. S1093 Saul defeats the Philistines. 1081 Birth of David. 1075 Death of Samuel. 1056 Death of Saul and Jonathan, and accession of David. 1050 Tyre becomes the leading city. Hirhor seizes the Egyptian throne. 1048 David takes Jerusalem. 1047 King Hiram, of Tyre, aids the Israelites. 1044 lonians settle in Asia Minor. 1040 David defeats the Philistines and recovers the Ark. The Ark removed to Jerusalem. David, of Israel, subdues the Syrians. 1023 The revolt and death of Absalom. 1015 Death of David. Solomon becomes King. 1011 Solomon's Temple begun. 1004 Completion and dedication of Solomon's Temple. M The Queen of Sheba visits Kinrig Solomon. SDeath of Solomon. Revolt of the Ten Tribes. Division into kingdoms of Israel and Judah. -The kingdom of Israel established under Jeroboam. Syria recovers independence. *Egyptian History is in a state of almost hopeless obscurity, the estimates of the great Egyptologers differing more than 3,000 years. The. dates here given are generally accepted by the greater part of Chronologists. B. C. 971 Shishak, King of Egypt, captures and plunders Jerusalem. 957 Abijah, King of Judah, defeats the King of Israel. 950 The decline of Thebes, Egypt. Assur-dayan II., King of Assyria. 916 Rhodians found navigation laws. 906 Israel is afflicted with a famine predicted by the Prophet Elijah. 901 Syria makes war upon Israel and is defeated. 900 Erection of the northwest palace of Nimrod. 897 Elijah translated to heaven. 896 Jehoshaphat defeats the Ammonites. Death of Ahab, King of Israel. 895 Miracles of Elisha the Prophet. 892 Samaria besieged by the Syrians. 884 Lacedemon settled. Legislation of Lycurgus at Sparta. Assur-natsir-pal King of Assyria. 880 The Assyrians again invade Babylonia. 878 Carthage founded by Dido the Tyrian..875 Sardanapalus I. of Assyria. 870 The Assyrians conquer Phenicia. 860 Assyrian conquest under Shalmaneser. Hazael attacks Israel. 846 Lycurgus flourishes. Olympic games revived in Elis, Greece. 834 Assyria conquers Tarsus. 820 Babylon becomes subject to Assyria. 800 The Egyptians the most powerful nation on the sea. Eolian colonies established. 794 Ionian colonies established. 776 Commencement of the Olymp'-". First authentic date in Greek history. 760 The Etruscans in Campania. 753 Rome founded by Romfflus. 752 Athens establishes decennial instead of "perpetual Archons. 750 Sabine war follows the abduction of the Sabine women. Ethiopia independent. 747 Babylon independent of Nineveh. League between Romans and Sabines. 745 Pul assumes the name of Tiglath Pileser and founds the 2nd Assyrian Empire. Assyria invades Palestine. 743 Messenian wars. Sparta victorious. 741 Pekah, King of Israel, besieges Jerusalem. 740 Tiglath Pileser destroys Syria. Israel forms an alliance with Syria against Judah. Syria becomes subject to Assyria. 730 Shalmaneser subdues Israel. 726 Hezekiah abolishes idolatry in Judah. 723 Shalmaneser IV. invades Phenicia. 721 Assyrians invest Samaria and carry the S Ten Tribes into captivity..The Kingdom of Israel destroyed. 717 Assyrians totally defeat the Hittites. 716 Assassination of Romulus. 715 Numa Pompilius, King of Rome. 713 Sennacherib, the Assyrian, invades Egypt. 710 Sennacherib invades Judah. 185,000 Assyrians destroyed in one night by an angel. 709 Sargon of Assyria conquers Babylon. 698 Manasseh, King of Judah. Gross idolatry in Judah. 690 Gyges founds the 3rd Lydian dynasty. 686 Egypt divided betweeen 12 Kings. 685-668 Second Messenian War, under Aristomenes. 684 Archonship at Athens made annual. 681 Esar-haddon King of Assyria. Babylon becomes the second capital. 683 Greon becomes first annual archon of Athens. 678 Samaria colonized by Assyrians. 672 Assyria conquers Egypt. 671 Psammeticus reigns in Egypt and encourages intercourse with the Greeks. 670 Alban invasion and battles of the Horath and Curiatii. Rise of Magaria, Greece. 667-625 Reign of Assur-bani-pal, King of Assyria. 665 Sea fight between Corinth and Corcyra. Tullius Hostillius defeats the Albans and destroys Alba Longa. 662 Thebes destroyed by Assyrians. 660 Messany, Italy founded. Buddha. 659 Byzantium founded by Megarians under Bysas. 655 Bacchiadac expelled from Greece. 650 Median Monarchy founded. 645 Egypt independent of Assyria. 642 Kaianite dynasty, Media, founded by Cyaxzares. 641 Cyrene founded. 640 Ancus Martius reigns in Rome. Invasion of Scythians who subjugate Persia. Ostia, Italy, founded. Religious reformation under Josiah, King of Judah. 632 Invasion of Assyria by the Scythians. 625 Babylon independent under Nabopolassar. Nineveh taken by the Modes. Assyrian Empire Ends. Periander at Corinth. 624 Legislation of Draco, Archon at Athens. In repairing the temple at Jerusalem, Hilkiah discovers the Book of the law, and Josiah keeps a solemn passover. Jeremiah prophet. 623 Passover. The Ark restored. 616 Tarquinius Priscus begins to reign!n Rome. 615 The Capitol, Rome, begun in honor of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. Pharaoh Necho II. Egypt, circumnavigates Africa. 610 Battle of Megiddo. Death of Josiah. Necho II. Egypt, attempts to cut a canal across the Isthmus of Suez. Failure after a loss of over 100,000 men. 605 The Circus Maximus, Rome, is erected. Necho II. of Egypt defeated by Nebuchadnezzar. Jeremiah's prophecy of the seventy years' captivity.' Nebuchadnezzar takes Jerusalem. Jehoiakim. his vassal. 603 Daniel prophesies at Babylon. 602 Jehoiakim revolts from Babylon. 600 The Cloace Maxime (great sewers) of Rome are built. 598 Capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. Second captivity. 597 Zedekiah made King over the remnant of Judah. 596 Persians invade Syria, and Syria continues a subject of Persia for three centuries. 594 Code of Solon at Athens published. 590 The seven wise men of Greece flourish, Solon, Periander, Pittacus, Chilon, Thales, Cleobulus and Bias. War between Media and Lydia. B. C. 588 The Pythian games begin to be celebrated every five years. Jerusalem, having rebelled against Babylon, is besieged by Nebuchadnezzar. 587 Nebuchadnezzar invades Phenicia. Golden image set up. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego thrown into a furnace. Prophecies of Obadiah. 586 Jerusalem taken and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. End of the kingdom odf Judah. 585 Death of Periander, tyrant of Athens forty years. Treaty between Media and Lydia. 580 Copper money coined at Rome. 579 Nebuchadnezzar takes Tyre. 578 Accession of Servius Tullius, Rome. 575 Civil war in Egypt. 570 Amasis reigns in Egypt. 569 Egypt conquered by Nebuchadnezzar. 566 The first census of Rome taken-84,700 inhabitants. 562 Death of Nebuchadnezzar. Nabonidos King of Babylon. 560 Pisistratus becomes tyrant of Athens. Confucius and Zoroaster. Esop's fables. 559 Anacreon begins to be known. Persian Empire founded by Cyrus. 556 Birth of Simonides (died B. C. 467.) 554 Conquest of Lydia and capture of Cresus by Cyrus. 549 Death of Phalaris, tyrant of Agrigentum. 546 Fall of Lydian Empire. 543 Cyrus annexes Asia Minor to Persia. 540-510 Era of Pythagoras. 539 (circa) Marseilles founded by Phenicians. 538 Daniel interprets handwriting on the wall. Cyrus conquers Babylon. Belshazzar, King of Babylon, is slain. 536 Cyrus ends the captivity of the Jews. Return of the first caravan to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Joshua. Cyrus also subdues Phenicia. 535 Rebuilding of the Temple commenced. Thespis first exhibits tragedy. 534 Servius assassinated by Tulla, his daughter. Her husband, Tarquinius Superbus, becomes King of Rome. 532 Polycrates, tyrant of Samos (put to death B. C. 522). 531 Reign of Darius I. begins after assassination of Smerdis, the Magian. 529 Death of Cyrus. Accession of Cambyses. 525 Conquest of Egypt by Cambyses. Birth of Eschylus (died B. C. 456). The temple of Isis, Egypt, completed. Smerdis usurps the Persian throne, defeated by Darius, 522. 522 Death of Cambyses. Greeks colonize the Thracian Chersonese. Lestos founded. ' 521-485 Reign of Darius I. (Hystaspis) King of Persia. 520 Sibylline books brought from Cume. Decree of Darius for re-building the Temple at Jerusalem. 518 Birth of Pindar (died B. C. 439). 515 The Temple rebuilt and dedicated. 514 Insurrection in Athens. Hipparchus slain. Hippias rules in Athens.. 510 Croton destroys Sybaris. Expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome. Foundation of the Republic. Junius Brutus and Tarquinius Collatinus consuls. The Pisistride expelled from Athens. Athens a republic. 509 Commercial treaty between Carthage and Rome. 508 First treaty betweeen Rome and Carthage. First Valerian Laws. The Scythian Expedition of Darius. 507 Capitol at Rome completed and dedicated. 504 Sardis burned by the Greeks. 501 Siege of Naxos by Aristagoras. Titus Lartius made Dictator of Rome. Ionian revolt in Asia Minor. 500 Burning of Sardis by the Ionians and Athenians. 499 The revolt of the lonians (Greece). 498 Persia recovers Cyprus. 497 Battle of Lake Regillus. Tarquin and his Latin allies defeated by ~ '*{L Romans. First authentic date in Roman history. 496 Histieus, the Persian, sent to the coast by Darius. 495 Birth of Sophocles (died B. C. 406). Revolt of the lonians, aided by Athens, suppressed. 494 Tribunes at Rome appointed. Patricians secede. 493 Independence of the Latins recognized. Corioli taken by Caius Martius (Coriolanus.) The Latin League. 492 First Persian expedition, under Mardonius against Greece, is defeated and fleet destroyed near Mt. Athos. 491 Coriolanus banished from Rome. He is received by the Volscians. 490 Second Persian expedition, under Datis and Artaphernes. Their defeat, and victory of Miltiades at the battle of Marathon. 489 Coriolanus and the Volscians besiege Rome. 488 Coriolanus withdraws from siege of Rome at his mother's entreaty and is slain by the Volscians. 486 Egyptian revolt. First Agrarian Law of Cassius proposed. 485 Accession of Xerxes I., King of Persia.,G3elon tyrant of Syracuse. 485 Recovery of Egypt by the Persians. Birth of Herodotus (died after B. C. 409). 483 Banishment of Aristides the Just by the Athenians. 481 Athenian fleet built. Third and greatest invasion of Greece by the Persians, led by Xerxes. 480 Battle of Thermopyle-fall of Leonidas. Battle of Salamis-victory of Themistocles. Xerxes destroys Athens. First invasion of Sicily by Carthage. Defeat of the Carthaginians by Gelon at Himera. Birth of Euripides (died B. C. 406.) 479-450 Anaxagorus (b. 500, d. 428) teaches philosophy at Athens. 479 Occupation of Athens by Mardonius. Persians defeated at Platea and Mycale and retreat from Greece. Siege of Sestos. 477 Beginning of the supremacy of Athens. The Fabii perish in battle with the Veientes. 475-478 Heiro I-at Syracusve. 474 Esther and Mordecai. 4 471 Banishment of Themistocles. B. C. 471 Birth of Thucydides (died after B. C. 403). First Pubillian Laws. Election of plebeian magistrates given to the Comitia Tributa-Rome. 470 Victory of Cimon over the Persians at the Eurymedon. Antium (Rome) taken. Suicide of Appius Claudius. 469 Pericles begins to take part in the public affairs of Athens. 468 Birth of Socrates. Destruction of Mycene by the Argives. Diogenes of Appolonio flourishes. 466 Flight of Themistocles to Persia. Siege of Naxos. Battles at the Eurymedon. Phenicians aiding Persia are defeated by the Greeks under Cimon. 465 Xerxes I. assassinated. Reign of Artaxerxes I. in Persia. Revolt of Thasos. 464 Revolt of the Helots at Sparta. Third Messenian War. Sparta defeats Messenia. 460 Egypt revolts against Persia. (The revolt is suppressed in 455.) Birth of Democritus and Hippocrates (both died in B. C. 357). The Athenian in Egypt. 459 Gorgias flourished. 458 Commission of Ezra to rebuild Jerusalem. Birth of Lysias the orator (died 378). Cincinnatus made dictator at Rome. Defeats the Equi. 457 Battle of Tanagra. 456 The Long Walls of Athens completed. 451 The first Decemvirate or council of ten at Rome. Laws of the Twelve Tables or code of laws instituted. 449 The Greeks defeat the Persians at Salamus in Cyprus. Virginius kills his daughter to save her from Appius Claudius. First Decemvirate abolished. Appius Claudius, Rome. 448 Valerian and Horatian Laws. Tyranny of the second Decemvirate. Secession of the Plebs from Rome. Abdication of the Decemvirs. Second Sacred War in Greece. 447 Battle of Coronea, defeat of Athens. 446 Syracuse subdues Agrigentum and defeats the Etruscans. 445 Thirty years' truce between Athens and Sparta concluded. Decline of the Athenian Empire. Revolt of Eubea and Megara. Canuleian Laws, Rome. Nehemiah governor of Judea. 444 Athenian Colony to Thurii. Pericles becomes supreme at Athens. Birth of Xenophon about this time (died 359). Commission of Nehemiah. The walls of Jerusalem rebuilt. Roman Consular Tribunes established. 443-338 The Parthenon at Athens built by Phidias. 443 Herodotus flourishes in Greece. 442 New constitution at Rome-censors and military tribunes appointed instead of consuls. 440 Rome visited by a terrible famine. 440-439 The Samian war. Siege and reduction of Samos by Pericles. Death of Spurius Melius-Rome. 437 Cornelius Cossus and Lars Tolumnius. Second Spolia Opima, Rome. 436 Birth of Isocrates (died 338). 434 Rome declares war against the Etruscans. 433 Treaty between Athens and Corcyra. Meton, astronomer, flourished. 431 Peloponnesian War begins between Athens and a confederacy with Sparta at the head, lasting twenty-seven years and ending in the defeat of Athenso Potidea besieged by the -'thenians (taken in 429). Death of Pericles. Rise of Cleon. Battle of Mt. Algidus; the Eqni and Volsci defeated. 430 The plague at Athens. 429 Plato born (died 347). Siege of Platea. Naval victories of Pb'.o. 428 Revolt and fall of Mytri me. 427 Reduction of Mytilene First Athenian expedition to Sicily. First comedy of Aristophanes exhibited. Corcyrean massacre. 426 Demosthenes in Etolia. Destruction in Fidene. 425 Reign of Xerxes II. followed by Logdianus. Sphacteria taken. 424 Darius II. reigns in Persia. Congress of Sicilians at Gela. 423 Alcibiades begins to act in Athenian affairs. The Samanites (Rome) capture Valternium. 423 Capua taken by the Samanites. 419 Birth of Diogones the Cynic, (died 324). 418 Battle of Mantinea. Spartans defeated by Athens. 415 The Hebrew, Malachi, prophesies. Invasion of Sicily by the Athenians under Nicias. 414 Siege of Syracuse. 413 Defeat and surrender of Nicias to Gelippus. 412 First treaty between Sparta and Persia. Constitution of the Four Hundred at Athens. Intrigues of Alcibiades with the Persians. 410 Beginning of the wars of Syracuse and Carthage. They continue seventy years. 409 Three plebeian questors of Rome elected. Second invasion of Sicily by the Carthaginians. 407 The Volscians defeat the Romans. Rhodes founded. 406 Battle of Arginuse. Condemnation of the ten generals. Dionysius tyrant of Syracuse; reigns thirty-eight years. 405 The siege of Veil, Rome. Battle of Egospotami. Dionysius I. reigns in Syracuse. 404 Athens taken by Lysander. End of the Peloponnesian War. Government of the Thirty Tyrants at Athens. Spartan supremacy. Death of Alcibiades. 403 Thrasybulus restores democratic government at Athens. 402 Birth of Phocion (died 317.) 401 Expedition of Cyrus the younger who rebels; at the battle of Cunaxa he is defeated and slain and the "Retreat of ten thousand" Greeks under Xenophon begins. 401-384 Ctesias flourished. B. C. 400 Malachi. 399 Death of Socrates, 398 Campaign and peace of Dercyllidas. 396 First Campaign of Agesilaus in Asia. The Roman dictator Camillos captures Veii. 395 Gre'.an coalition against Sparta; LysanUr slain. 4i 394 Persians assist the Athenians and defeat the Spartans at the naval battle of the Cnidus. The Corinthian War begins. The second battle of Coronea. 393 The Long Walls of Athens restored by Corion. 392 Veil stormed by Hamillus. 391 Camillus impeached and exiled. 390 Battle of Allia. The Romans defeated by Brennus and the Gauls. Rome burnt. Siege of the Capitol. 389 Victory of Dionysius at Helorus. Birth of Eschines. The Gauls expelled from Rome and city rebuilt. 387 Peace of Antalcidas, Persia. Greek cities in Asia subjected to Persia. End of the Corinthian War. Capitoline games established in Rome. 385 Defeat of the Persians under Evagoras. 384 Birth of Aristotle. Manlius hurled from Tarpeian rock for having aimed at sovereignty. 383 Battle of Lecheum. The Olynthian war begins, and ends 379. 382 Seizure of the Cadmea at Thebes by Phedibas. Birth of Demosthenes (died 322). 380 Death of Aristophanes. Height of Spartan power. 379 Recovery of the Cadmea by Pelopidas. 378 The Athenians allied with Thebes. 376 Roman civil war between patricians ant plebeians. Law passed that one consul shall be a plebeian. 375 Battle of Leuctra, Greece. 372 Peace between Athens and Sparta. 371 Victory of Epaminondas over the Spartans at Leuctra. Foundation of Megapolis. 370 Jason of Phere assassinated. Alexander of Phere in Thessaly. 367 Embassy of Pelopidas, the Greek, to Persia. Aristotle goes to Athens, and remains with Plato twenty years. Licinian laws passed at Rome. 366 Joshua slain by the High Priest. Birth of Zeno, the Stoic (died 264). Institution of pretorship and curule edileship at Rome. First Plebeian consul elected. 365 Great Plague at Rome. Legend of M. Curtius. 362-346 Rome wars with the Gauls, Etruscans and Hernicans. Battle of Mantinea (circa). Victory and death of Epaminondas. 360 The Samaritans build the Temple at Gerizim. Kingdom of Pontus founded. 358 Beginning of the Social War in Greece. Siege of Chios and Byzantium. Amphipolis taken by Philip II. 357-352-347 Roman laws of debt. Phocian (or Sacred) Wa- begins. Expedition of Dion to Sicily. 356 Second Sacred War, the Phocians having seized the Ten ple of Delphi. Birth of Alexander tne Great. Temple of Diana, at Ephesus, burned. Dion expels Dionysius from Syracuse. Caius Marcius Rutilus first Plebeian Dictator at Rome. 355 End of the Social War in Greece. Independence of Rhodes, Cos, Chios and4 Byzantium acknowledged by Athens. 354 Revolt of Artabazus, the Persian. 353 Siege of Methone, Greece. 352 Demosthenes delivers his first Philipple. Phenicia revolts from the Persian monarchy. 351 C. Marcius Rutilus first Plebeian censor, Rome. Sidonians revolt and destroy Sidon. 350 The Roman Popilius defeats the Gaul3. 348 Olynthus taken by Philip of Macedon. Treaty between Carthage and Rome. 346 Surrender of Phocis to Philip. - End of the Sacred War. Philip admitted to the Amphyctloste Council. Dionysius recovers the tyranny. 343 First Samnite war begins. Battle of Mt. Gaurus. Conquest of Syracuse by Timoleon. Expulsion of Dionysius. Embassy of Demosthenes and others to Philip. 342 Roman Genucian laws. Mutiny at Lantule, Rome. 342-341 Philip of Macedon's expedition to Thrace. Birth of Epicurus (died 270). 340 Perinthus and Byzantium besieged bg Philip. Victory of Timoleon over the Qarthaginians at the Crimisus. Battle of Mt. Vesuvius, Rome. 339 Second Roman Pubilian laws. Third Sacred War begins between Philip and the Athenians. 338 Philip general of the Amphyetionic League. Battle of Cheronea. Philip subjugates Greece. 337 First Roman Plebeian pretor. 337-335 The Latin War begins; after two years the Romans are victorious. 336 Murder of Philip. Accession of Alexander III. the Great. Accession of Darius Codomanus. 335 Alexander destroys Thebes; is chosen generalissimo of the Greeks, Athens having submitted. 334 Battle of the Granicus. Macedonian Empire formed. Alexander invades Persia. 333 Battle of Issus. Damascus taken and Tyre besieged by Alexander. 332 Capture of Tyre and conquest of Egypt by Alexander. Alexandria, Egypt, founded on the Egyptian village Rhacotis. Treaty between Alexander and Rome. Alexander visits Jerusalem and worship at the Temple. 331 Phenicia subdued by Alexander. Battle of Arbela. Subjugation of Persia. Settlement of the Jews at Alexandria. 330 Darius III. assassinated. Demosthenes' oration for the crown. Persia becomes a part of the Macedonia Empire. 327-325 Campaigns of Alexander in India. ' Voyage of Nearchus from the Indus to the Euphrates. 326 Roman servitude for debt abolished. S/ I r i I

Page  XI i f& -SUPPLEMENT XL. iiI.0,.o ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY- -. ~ i B. C. 324 Exile of Demosthenes. S 323 Death of Alexander at Babylon. Alexander succeeded by Perdiccas a Regent. Antipater in Macedonia. Lysimachus in Thrace. Cassander in Greece. Antigonus in Syria. Eumenes in Cappadocia. Seleucus at Babylon. Second Samnite War, lasts twenty-one years. Antipater, a Macedonian general, defeats Athens and allies. 322 Ptolemy I., surnamed Soter, receives the Egyptian Kingdom. Phenicia annexed to Egypt by Ptolemy Soter I. 321 First war among the "successors of,s 'Alexander." Battle of the Caudine Forks. Romans terribly defeated by Pontius and pass under the Samnite yoke. S 320 Ptolemy Soter takes Jerusalem. Revolt of Phenicia. Jewish settlements in Egypt and Cyrene. 317 Agathocles at Syracuse. 315 Thebes rebuilt by Cassander. Conquest of Antigonus of Phrygia. 314 Palestine under Antigonus. Roman victory at Cinna. 313 Samnite victory at Lantule. 312 Battle of Gaza. Victory of Ptolemy and Seleucus over Demetrius Poliorcetes.,Pyrrhus king of Epirus. Appius Claudius censor. Appian Way and aqueduct. The great Roman military road come --pleted. -160 Sandracottus, Indian. empire. U11-309 The Etruscan War. K L. Papirius Cursor, Roman Dictator, Agathocles defeated at Himera. 306 Fabius crosses Ciminian Hills; defeats the Tuscans at Vadimon. 3K-305 Naval war at Cyprus and Rhodes. 304 Siege of Rhodes by Demetrius. ai Battle of Ipsis between Ptolemy Soter and Antigonus. Final division of Alexander's dominions& 0 Athenian democracy restored. Chandrogupta (Sandracottus) reigns in India; makes a treaty with Seleucus. Foundation of Antioch by Seleucus. Light-house on island of Pharos erected. 3" Athens besieged and taken by Demetrius. 398 Third Samnite War. (Samnites, Etruscans, Umbrians and Gauls.) Gellius Egnatius, leader of the Samnites. 296 The Capitoline wolf. 295 Quintus Fabius defeats the Samnites, Etruscans and Gauls at Sentinum. 292 Execution of C. Pontius. 290 The Third Samnite War ends in subjugation to Rome. 287 Birth of Archimedes (died 212). - 286 The Hortensian Law passed at Rome; plebiscita declared binding on all the people. 285 Ptolemy abdicates in favor of his son, Philadelphus, who becomes Ptolemy II. Under his reign Egypt rose to a high rank among the nations in power and wealth. 284 Alexandrian Library founded by Ptolemy Soter. - 4 The Etolian League formed. B3 Kingdom of PRergamus founded. Renewed Gallic and Etruscan War. Second battle of Lake Vadimon. 281 Rome wars with Pyrrhus, king of Epirus. Rome at war with Tarentum. Lysimachus defeated and slain by Seleucus at Corupedion. 280 Achean League between twelve cities of Achea established. Battle of Pandosia. Romans defeated by Pyrrhus. Birth of Chryssippus (died 207). 279 Irruption of the Gauls into Greece. First Plebeian censor at Rome. Romans again defeated by Pyrrhus at Asculum. Rome and Carthage allied. 277 League between Athens, Sparta and Egypt. The Septuagint written. The Gauls settle in Galatia. 276 Birth of Eratosthenes-died 196. The great wall of China built (?) 274 Battle of Beneventum. Rome victorious and Pyrrhus leaves Italy. 273 Egyptian embassy to Rome. 272 Antigonus Gonatus recovers Macedon. 269 Silver money first coined at Rome. Hiero II. of Syracuse. 268 Berosus flourished. Antigonus of Macedon takes Athens. \ 266 Rome supreme over all Italy. 26A, First Punic War begins. Carthage disputes Rome's Empire. Chronology of Arundelian (Parian) marble ends. 260 First Roman fleet launched. Victory of Duilius off Myle. Rise of Parthia. 260-230 Reign of Asoka in India. S 256 Naval victory of Regulus over the Carthaginians at Ecnomos. Invasion of Africa. The Ars"cie. 2 6Defeat and capture of Regulins by the Carthaginians. Evacuation of Africa. 254 The Kingdom of Dactia. 250 Parthia becomes an independent kingdom under Arsaces. Dynasty of Tsin in China founded. 247 Ptolemy III. makes war on Syria. Restores the Egyptian gods carried off Sby Cambyses 525 B. C. Birth of Hannibal-died 183. 245 Aratus of Sicyon, general of the Achean Leagues. 91k Defeat of Carthaginians by Catulus at Sthe Egates Insule. 'Und of the First Punic War. Sicily made a Roman Province. Atalus, King of Pergamus. Agis IV. killed at Sparta. SThe plays of Livius Andronicus exibited (the first tragedies) at Rome. 238 Date of the decree of Canopus; tablet of San. 237 Conquest of Spain attempted by the Carthaginians. Seizure of Sardinia and Corsica by the Romans. 235 The gates of the Temple of Janus at Rome shut for the first time since Numa. No war existing at the time. 234 Birth of M. Porcius Cato-died 149. 233 Antigonus Doson in Macedon. 229 Athens joins the Achean League. 227 Cleomenic War with Achean League begins. 226 Reforms of Cleomenes at Sparta. 225 Invasion of Cisalpine Gaul and battle of Clusium. Rome victorious. 222 Ptolemy IV. reigns in Egypt. S Defeats Antiochus III. of Syria at Rophia. Gallia Cisalpina becomes a Roman Provo ince. 221 Battle of Sellasia. Aratus and Antigonus take Sparta. Philip V. of Macedon. Alliance between Philip and AcaM against Etolians. 220 Hasdrubal assassinated in Spafl" 19 Antiochus overruns Palestine. Siege of Saguntum by Hannibal,. Second Illyrian war. i Second Punic War begins. Hannibal marches from Spain across the Pyrenees and the Alps into Italy. Battles of the Ticinius and the Trebta, and defeat of Scipio. \ 1Q Hannibal passes the Apennines. *Battle of Lake Trasimene. Flaminius "defeated. B. C. 217 The two Scipios sent to Spain. 216 Battle of Canne. Romans defeated with S immense loss. Revolt of Capua. Alliance of Hannibal with Philip V. of S Macedon. 214-212 Siege and capture of Syracuse by Marcelluso 214 First Commercial War. Byzantium and Rhodes. 212 Battle of Anitorgis. Greek works of art brought to Rome. s 211 Greece concludes treaty with the Romans against Philip V. of Macedon. Defeat and death of the two Scipios in Spain by Hasdrubal. Capua recovered by Rome. - Conquest of Judea by AntiochW E Hannibal before Rome. 08 Battle of Metaurus. Battle of Elinga. 1 207 Battle of the Metaurus; Hasdruba* defeated and slain by the Romans. Gold money first coined in Rome. 205 Ptolemy V. The decline of Egypt. S 204 P. Cornelius Scipio conducts the war in Africa. Siege of Utica. 203 Hannibal leaves Italy. Attalus and Rhodians war with Philip. 202 Defeat of Hannibal at Zama, in Africa, by Scipio Africanus. 201 Treaty of peace between Rome and CarS thage; end of the Second Punia War. 200-197 First Macedonian War. Allies attack Macedon and defeat Philip. 198 T. Quintus Flaminius proclaims liberty to the Greeks. Syria becomes independent of Egypty' 197 Battle of Cynocephale. Philip defeated by Flaminius. Palestine and Cele-Syria conquered by Antiochus the Great, and confirmed to him by the peace with Rome. The Rosetta Stone written. 196 Dynasty of Han, China, founded, Hannibal joins Antiochus. 195 Birth of Hipparchus, first systematic astronomer. 192-188 War between the Romans and Antiochus the Great. Philopemen pretor of the Achean League. SGreece declared free from Macedon by" SFlaminius. 'Philopemen defeats Nabis, of Sparta. Sparta joins the Achean League. 190 Battle of Magnesia. 188 The laws and discipline of Lycurgus abrogated by Philopemen. 184 Death of Plautus. 183 Death of Hannibal and Scipio. Lycortas, generalof the Achean League. 182-174 Encroachments of Massinissa. 181 Ptolemy VI. reigns in Egypt. The Villian Law, Rome. 179 Perseus King of Mabedonia. Embassy of Callicrates to Greece. Pharnaces, of Pontus, cedes Paphlagonia to Rome. 176 Antiochus makes war on Egypt. 171-168 Second Macedonian War. 170 Antiochus takes Jerusalem. 40,000 Jews slain and Temple pillaged. Birth of Attius, Roman dramatist.(died 76). 168 Battle of Pydna; victory of Emilius Paulus over. Perseus; Macedonia made a Roman province. Eumenes II. visits Rome.. Antiochus Epiphanes takes Jerusalem. Beginning of the Maccabean war of independence. Athenians attack Oropus. 167 Judas Maccabeus defeats the Syrians and occupies Jerusalem, except the Citadel. SRomans ravage Epirus and Achea. 166 Rededication of the Temple. One thousand Acheans imprisoned at Rome. First comedy of Terence performed at Rome. 166-145 Hipparchus flourishes. 165 Rise of the Pharisees and Sadducees. 164 Death of Antiochus. He is succeeded by Antiochus V. Eupator, who takes Bethoura, and besieges Jerusalem, but makes peace with the Jews. Cyrene and Libya separate from Egypt. 163 Birth of M. Emilius Scaurus, Roman orator (died 90). 161 Victory of Judas Maccabeus at Adosa. Embassy of Cameades, Diogenes and Critolans to Rome. 'Death of Judas. SAlliance between Rome and Judea. ( Jonathan Maccabeus succeeds Judas. 160 Bactrians in India. " 159 Death of Terence. 155 Athenians fined by Rome. 153 War in Spain. 150-138 Lusitanian War. Viriathus commands the Lusitanians. 149 Third Punic War begins. S Scipio invades Africa. Andriscus in Macedonia. S148 Birth of Lucilius-died 103. 147 The Achean war with Rome begins. 146 Ptolemy VI. killed in battle. Carthage taken by Scipio and destroyed - ,f thiae iRoman Senate. Corinth taken and destroyed by Mummius. Province of Africa constituted. Greece becomes a Roman Province. 145 Ptoui iy -L;. rL;gns, marries Cleopatra, widow of Ptolemy VI. Polybius legislates for the Achean cities. Demetrius Nicator in Syria. 144 The Tower of Zion taken by the Jews. Judea becomes independent. Rise of the Asmonean dynasty. 143 Birth of Antonius, Roman orator (died 70). 142 Scipio Africanus (Minor) Roman Censor. 140 Birth of Crassus, Roman orator (died 91). Simon made hereditary prince of - he Jews. SDeath of Viriathus-Rome. Macedon formally absorbed by Rome. 138 Birth of L. Cornelius Sulla (died 78). 136 Hycanus Governor of Judea. 134-132 Servile War in Sicily. Sicilian slaves rebel, are conquered and slain. 133 Laws of Tiberias Gracchus passed at Rome. Gracchus murdered. Kingdom of Pergamus bequeathed to Rome. 130 Demetrius Nicator, Syria, restored. 129 Hycranus subdues Idumea and Samaria and destroys Temple at Gerizim. 125 Rise of the Essenes. Fluvius Flaccus and L. Drusus popular Roman leaders. L. Caelius Antipater, Roman jurist, flourished. 12 Scipio takes and destroys Numantia. Roman Colony sent to Carthage. 1N Civil war in Rome arising from Agrarila troubles--Caius Gracchus is murdered. 3tetullius leader of Roman Senate. 120 Parthians subdue Bactria. 11 Ptolemy VIII. reigns jointly with his mother, Cleopatra. 116 Birth of Varro (died 28). 113US The Teutones and Cimbra invade Gael. 11-106 The Jugurthine War-peace conwlAd ed. War renewed two years later. Metellus and Marlus defeat Jugurtha and subjects Numidia. 109-101 War of Rome with the Cimbri and Teutones. 09 Hyrcanus destroys the Samaritan tWlpe on Mount Gerizim. -- Atricus born (died B. C., 32 " 106 Birth of Pompey and of Cicero, B. C. 102 Victory of Marius over the Teutones at Aque Sexte (Aix). Second Servile war breaks out in Sicily. 101 Victory of Marius over the Cimbri at Vercelle and end of the war. Battle of Campus Raudius. 100 Birth of Julius Cesar. C. Marius born 157 (died 86). Sixth RP. man Consul. L. App. Saturninus Tribune (Mome). 96 Ptolemy Apion leaves Cyreneo 95 Birth of Lucretius (died 55). 4 92 Sulla on the Euphrates. 90-88 The Social or Marsic War in Italy. The Marsians, at first successful, are finS ally defeated. 88-84 * First Mithridatic War. Mithridates seizes Athens. Civil War ol Marius and Sulla and expulsion of Marius. Sulla occupies Rome. 87 Marius retakes Rome. Proscription. 86 Revolt and Siege of Egyptian Thebas. Death of Marius and return of Sulla. Athens stormed by Sulla. Birth of Sallust (died 34). 85 Tigranes at war with Rome. 84 Sulla makes peace with Pontus, king of the Mithridates. 83 War with Marian party in Italy. Tigranes I. of Armenia annexes Phrygia. 83 Birth of Marcus Antonius (died 30). 82 Thebes destroyed. Second Civil War. Victory at the Colline gate. Occupation of Rome.. Sulla becomes Dictator. S79 Abdication of Sulla. Dies in 78. The Cornelian Laws of Rome. 79-72 Civil war of Sertorius in Spain; and of Lepidus and Catulus in Italy. 78 Alexandra Queen of Judea. 75 Nicomedes III. leaves Bithnia to Rome. 74-65 Third Mithridatic War. 74-66 Victories of Lucullus in Asia. 73-71 Servile war in Italy, led by Spartacus. who is defeated and slain by Crassus. 70 Consulship of Pompey and Crassus. Birth of Virgil (died 19). Scythians expelled from India. 69 Victory of Lucullus over Tigranes. 67 Cesar begins to take part in public affairs. Pompey subdues the pirates. 66 Lucullus recalled. Pompey sent into Asia and war ended. Birth of Strabo, geographer (died A. D. 22). 65 Birth of Horace (died B. C. 8). Antiochus Asiaticus dethroned by Porm* peyo 64 Birtl of Messalla (died 4). Pompey reduces Syria to a Roman province. 63 Jerusalem taken by the Romans under Pompey. Birth of Augustus. Second conspiracy of Cataline suppressed by Cicero. oOrations of Cicero. ' Lucullus founds Library at Rome. Phenicia absorbed 4n the province of Syria. 60 Pompey, Cesar and Crassus form the first Roman Triumvirate. Birth of Seneca (died 30). 59 Birth of Livy (died A. D. 17). ' - 58 The Gallic War begins. Cicero banished. Cesar invades Gaul. Helvetii and Ariovistus defeated. 57 Cyprus becomes a Roman province. End of the Seleucide. Cesar defeats the Belge and Nervii. 55-54 Cesar invades Britain. Crassus plunders the Temple at Jerusalem; is defeated and killed by the Parthians at Carrhe, 53. 54 Cesar defeats Treviri and crosses the Rhine. Birth of Tibullus (died 18). 52-51 Cesar conquers Vercingetorix and Alesia. Murder of Claudius by Milo. 51 Subjugation of Gaul completed, and becomes a Roman province. 50 Quintus Sextius (Stoic) flourished. 49 Civil war between Cesar and Pompey. Pompey driven from Italy. The Pompeians defeated in Spain. Cesar dictator. 48 Battle of Pharsalia. Cesar defeats Pompey. Murder of Pompey in Egypt. Ptolemy Dionysus and Cleopatra inherit Egyptian throne. 47 Cesar again dictator. War in Egypt. Partial destruction of the library of Alex" andria during the siege of Alexandria. Cesar defeats Pharnaces at Zelao 46 The African War. Battle of Thapsus. Suicide of Cato. Reformation of the calendar by Cesaif His triumphs. 45 War in Spain. Battle of Munda; defeat of the Pompeians. Cesar Pater Patrie Imperator, for life, Dictator. First year of Julian calendar. 44 Assassination of Cesar by Brutus, Cassius and others. Flight of the assassins. Antony becomes master of Rome. Corinth and Carthage rebuilt. 45 Cleopatra poisons her brother Ptolemy and reigns alone. Battle of Mutina. Second Triumvirate-C. Octavius, M. Antony, M. Lepidus. Cicero put to death. Birth of Ovid (died A. D. 18). End of the Ragida. 42 Battle of Philippi. 42 Defeat and death of Brutus and Cassius, The Triumviri masters of the Roman world. 41 Meeting of Antony and Cleopatra at Tarsus. 40 Herod the Great made king of the Jews~ Library of Pergamus to Alexandria. 37 Jerusalem taken by Herod and the Romans. Agriopa crosses the Rhine. 36 Sextus Fompeius driven from Sicily (put to death 35).. Lepidus deprived of power. Defeat of Antony in Parthia' 34 Antony invades Armenia. "41 32 War between Octavius and N!7tony. 31 Battle of Actium. Establishment of the Roman Empire. 30 Battle of Actium. Octavius successful. Suicide of Antony and Cleopatra. Criticism of the best Attic Literature at Rome. 29 The Gates of Janus Shut. 27 Cesar Octavius is made Emperor under the title of Augustus Cesar. Pantheon dedicated by Agrippa, 25 Tiridates seeks Roman court. 24 Defeat of Romans in Arabia. 23 Death of Marcellus. 31 Augustus Cesar founds Confederacy of Raconian cities. 20 Roman standards restored by Parthia. India embassy to Rome. 18 Death of Dionysius of Halicarnassus 17-7 Temple at Jerusalem rebuilt by Herod. Agrippa invades Asia. Cappadocia created a province of Rome. 16 German war; Roman defeat under &Ll lius., I W 1B Victories of Drusus over the Rhefl. 12 Invasion of Germany by Drusus. 11-9 Campaigns of Tibuiar in _ aanonia and Dalmatia,, 9 Death of Drusus. B. C. 8 Tiberius defeats the Germans. Diodorus Siculus, historian, flourished. 4 Birth of Jesus Christ, a9cording to Usher's system. Death of Herod, king of Judea. A. D. 1 Tiberius commands on the Rhine. 3 Birth of Seneca (died A. D. 65). 6 Judea a Roman province under Syria. 9 Destruction of the-Romans under Varus and three legions by the Germans under Hermann. Romans defeated by Charusci under Arminius. Banishment of Ovid. 14 Death of Augustus Cesar. Accession of Tiberius Cesar. Accession of Artatanus in Parthia. 14-16 Campaigns of Germanicus in Germany.j 17 Germanicus in Parthia and the East. 19 Death of Germanicus. War between Artabarus and Marbad. 20 Valerius Maximus. M. Elino Sejanus dominant at Rome. 23 Pretorian camp at Rome. 25 Pontius Pilate Governor of Judea. 26-37 Tiberias retires to Capre. 30 The Crucifixion, according to Eusebius. Lactantius, Augustine, Origen, and other authorities give A. D. 29 as the proper year. Agrippina I. banished. 31 Marco, Perfect of Pretorians, upon fall of Sejanus. 37 Accession of Caligula, Rome. Birth of Josephus (died 97). 40 Philo Senior ambassador to Rome. Birth of Plutarch-died 120. 41 Claudius Emperor of Rome. 42 Claudius conquers Mauretania. Birth of Quintilian-died l118. 43 Expedition of Claudius to Britain. Successes of Aulus Plautius. Birth of Martial-died 104. Lycia becomes a Roman province. 44 Judea and Samaria directly Roman. 47 London founded by- the Romans. Birth of Juvenal-died 130(?). Thrace directly Roman. The Frisians subdued by Rome. 50 Defeat and capture of Caractacus; taken prisoner to Rome. Claudius marries Agrippiana II., and adopts Nero. 51 South Britain a Roman province. 54 Agrippiana poisons Claudius and Nero becomes emperor. S55 Birth of Tacitus; died 117 (?). 656 Corbulo in Parthia. 59 Britannicus poisoned by Agrippiana, Agrippiana murdered by Nero. Parthia and Armenia at war. 60 St. Paul at Malta. 61 Insurrection of the Britons under Boadicea. Victory of Suetonius Paulinus. Birth of Papinius Statius, poet; died 96. Birth of Pliny.%the Minor; died 105. 64 Rome on fire six days. Persecution of the Christians. 65 Deaths of St. Peter and St. Paul (?) Deaths of Seneca and Luscan. Conspiracy of Piso. Revolt of the Jews. 66 Josephus governor of Gallilee.'. 67 Nero at the Olympic games. 68 Death of Nero. Galba becomes emperor. \ 69 Civil war at Rome. Otho kills himself. Vitellius killed. 70 Jerusalem taken and destroyed by Titus. Civilis leads a Batavian revoltVespasian emperor at Rome. 70-80 Colosseum at Rome built, 71 The gates of Janus closed. Triumph of Vespasian and Titus. Philosophers expelled from Rome. *,, \ Reform of Treasury, Rome. '" 71-75 The Stoic philosophers expelled from Rome by Vespasian. 78 Agricola commands in Britain. Titus becomes Roman emperor. 79 Herculaneum and Pompeii destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius. 79 Death of Pliny the Elder. The Laocoon group sculptured. 80 Advance of Agricola to the Tay. -- Amphitheatre of Verona built. 81 Domitian emperor of Rome. 82 Rome wars with Chatti. 83 Paris (Pantomime) killed. 84 Agricola defeats the Caledonians, and sails around and subdues Britain. 85 Agricola recalled to Rome. 86 Rome wages an unsuccessful war against Gate or Dalia. Quadi and Marcomanni. 91 Insurrection of Antonius suppressed. 95 Rome persecutes Jews and Christians. I St. John banished to Patmos. 96 Domitian killed. Nerva becomes emperor. Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna, born (died 166). S96-98 Relief of taxes and distribution of lands. 98 Trajan emperor of Rome. Plutarch flourishes. 103 Birth of Justin Martyr (died 166). 103-107 Subjugation of Dacia. 104 Birth of Herodes Atticus, antiquarian (died 180). 114-117 Trajan's expedition to the East. 117 Hadrian emperor. He abandons the conquests of Trajan. The Euphrates made the eastern boundary of the empire. 120 Hadrian visits Gaul and Britain. Statues of Antonous (Hadrian's page). Birth of Ireneus Bishop of Lyons, died 200. Birth of Lucian, died 200. 121 Hadrian's walls built-Newcastle to Carlisle-Rhine to the Danube. Birth of Marcus Aurelius, died 180. 125 First apology for the Christians presented at Athens by Quadratus and Aristides. 130 Birth of Appuleius. Birth of Galen, died 200. SHadrian rebuilds Jerusalem. 132 Second Jewish War. Barchochebas, leader of the Jews. Edictum perpetuum of Hadrian. 135 Dispersion of the Jews. 138 Antonius Pius, emperor. The empire at peace. Faustina I. flourishes. Wall of Antoninus (Graham's Dyke) built. 139 Conquests of Lollius Urbicus in Britain. 140 Vallum Antonio in Britain. 145-175 Fustiana II. flourishes. 147 Development of Roman civil laws. 150 Establishment of schools in Roman provinces. 161 Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus joint emperors. 161-166 Pestilence and famine at Rome, 162 Rome wars with Parthia. 163 Persecution of Christians. 166 Polycarp suffers martyrdom. 167-180 War with the Marcomanni, Quaf, etc. Greek philosophers patronized lq RSB 169 Death of L. Verus. Marcus Aurelius sole emperor. 175 Rome quells rebellion in Syri, 177 Christians in Gaul persecuted, Advance of the Goths. 178 Goths attack Dacia. 180 Commodus emperor of Rome. Statue of Aurelius erected. Perennis prefect of Pretorians. [83 Successes of Ulpiui Marcellus tn Britain. 184 Commodus takes the name of Britnious. 185 Birth of Origen (died 253). 186 Cleanrider perfect of Pretorians f190 Birtn of Tertullian (died 240). ' 192 Britanicas eas gladiator, killedo A. D. 193 Pertinax, emperor of Rome, is murdered. Didius Julianus buys the empire. Is opposed by Pescennius Niger and Septimius Severus and killed. 194 Septimius Severus sole emperor. Defeat and death of Niger. 196 Severus captures Byzantium after a siege of three years. 197 Temple of the Sun at Baalbec. Battle of Lyons. Death of Albinus. 198 Caracalla named Augustus. " Defeat of Parthians by Romans. 202 Persecution of the Christians. 204 Birth of Plotinus, philosopher (died 274). 209 Invasion of Britain by Severus. His wall completed, 220. 211 Death of Severus at York. Caracalla and Geta emperors. "Roman citizenship extended to the whole empire. 212 Geta murdered. Caracalla, sole emperor. 213 Death of Clement of Alexandria. 214 First contact of the Romans with the Alamanni German tribes on the upper Rhine. 217 Macrinus emperor. 218 Heliogabalus emperor. 222 Alexander Severus emperor. 225 Sextus Empiricus, philosopher, flourishes. 226 Dissolution of the Parthian Empire and end of Arecide. Foundation of the new Persian Kingdom of the Sassanide by Ardshir (Artai xerxes). 228 Ulpian (lawyer) died. 231 Persian War begins. 233 Triumph of Severus. 235 Maximin murders Severus and succeeds to thE throne. 236 Persecution of the Christians. 238 The Gordiani, Pupienus and Balbinu (jointly) and Gordianus III., emperors. 242 Gordianus defeats Sapor, King of Persia. "244 Gordianus murdered and succeeded by Philip the Arabian. 249 Decius emperor of Rome. 250 Decius orders a persecution of the Christians. First invasion of the emptre by the Goths. 251 Death of Decius and his son. Gallus emperor. 252 A pestilence breaks out in the empire and lasts fifteen years. 253 Irruption of the Goths and Burgundians into Mesia and Pannonia. First appearance of the Franks in Gaul about this time. 254 Valerian emperor. His son Gallienus associated with him. Persecution of the Christians. 258 Trapezus taken by the Goths. 259 Sapor ravages Syria., Valerian taken prisoner.,-. 260 Gallienus sole emperor. The Thirty Tyrants between 260 and 268. 262 The Goths in Macedonia and Asia Minor. They destroy the Temple of Ephesus(- - Antioch taken by Sapor. "263 The Franks invade Gaul. 267 The Heruli invade Greece, and are repulsed by Dexippus. 268 Claudius emperor. 269 Claudius defeats the Goths in Mesia.' 270 Aurelian emperor of Rome. Victories over the Goths and the AlaS manni. Zenobia queen of Palmyra. 272 Expedition of Aurelian to Palmyra. 273 Capture of Palmyra and of Queen Zenobia. 274 Birth of Constantine (died 337). 275 Tacitus emperor. 276 Probus emperor. 277 Probus drives the Alamanni from Gaul. 282 Carus emperor. Expedition to the East. 284 Diocletian emperor of Rome. 286 Maximian joint emperor with Diocletian. Revolt of Carausius in Britain. S29 Victory of Carausius over Maximian. 292 Constantius and Galerius named Cesars. Division of the empire. 296 Britain recovered by Constantius. 297 Siege of Alexandria by Diocletian. Persian War. 298 Constantius defeats the Alamanni near Langres. / Defeat of Narses. 303 Persecution of the Christians by Diocletian. 305 Abdication of Diocletian and Maximian. Constantius and Galerius emperors. Beginning of monasticism in Egypt under St. Anthony. 306 Death of Constantius at York. Constantine (the Great) proclaimed emperor by the troops. | 307 Revolt of Maxentius. - --j Six emperors. Elevation of Licinius. 311 Rome proclaims Christianity. Edict of Nicomedia to stop the persecution of the Christians. 312 Defeat and death of Maxentius. 313 Defeat and death of Maximian. Edict of Milan, by Constantine and Licinius, for general religious toleration. Britain subdued. 314 War between the two emperors. 316 Birth of St. Martin, Bishop of Tours. 323 Constantine sole emperor. 324 Constantinople founded; dedicated as the capital of the empire, 330 (or 334). 325 First General Council of the Church.meets at Nicea. 326 Athanasius Patriarch of Alexandria. Controversy with Arius. 336 Death of Arius. 337 Constantine II., Constans and Constan-. tius II. joint emperors. Nephilas Meso-Gothic gospels. 338 Death of Eusebius. 340 Birth of St. Jerome-died 420. 347 Synod of Sardica. 348 Ulfilas Bishop of the Goths (died 388), 350-'52 Revolt of Magentius. Defeated by Constantius. 354 Birth of St. Augustine (died 430). 357 Victory of Julian over the Alamanni at Argentoratum (Strasburg). 361 Julian emperor. 362 Julian recalls the banished bishops, and proclaims general religious toleration. 363 Persian War. Julian killed. Jovian emperor. 364 Valentinian and Valens joint emperors. Final division of the empire. 367-'69 Theodosius in Britain; aids Briton \ against Picts and Scots. 370 The Saxons land on the coasts of Gaul. 373 Death of Athanasius. 375 War with the Quadi. Gratian emperor of the West with Valentinian II. Invasion of the Huns. 276 Valens allows the Huns to settle in Thrace. 377 Birth of St. Patrick (died 493?). 378 Constantinople threatened by the Goths. 379 Theodosius the Great, Emperor of the East. 381 Second General Council held at Constantinople. Pagan rites prohibited. 382 Alaric King of the Goths. - =8 Revolt of Maximus in BritaiLs. 390 Final suppression of Paganisam. Massacre at Thessalonica. Death of Gregory at Naziansus. 193 Honorius Emperor of the West. 194 Theodosius -master of the whole Roman world.: 395 Death of Theodosius..... Arcadius Emperor of the East. ' The Huns invade the eastern provinces. | I. ]! ] ] ] 195 Death of Theodosius. I Arcadius Empercr of the East.The Huns invade the eastern provinces.

Page  XII - _ SUPPLEMENT XII. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. A. D. 395 Auw-ustine made Bishop of Hippo (died 430). SAlaric in Greece. Stilicho attains chief power under Honorius. 396 The Britons ask aid of Honorius against the Picts and Scots. 397 Deaths of Martin of Tours and Ambrose of Milan. 398 Chrysostom Bishop of Constantinople (died 407). 400 Alaric ravages Italy. '403 Battle of Pollentia. Defeat of Alaric by Stilicho. 406 The Vandals, Alani and Suevi invade Spain. 409 The Roman legions recalled from Britain; final withdrawal about 418. 410 Sack of Rome by Alaric. Death of Alaric. Pelagius begins to preach about this time. 412 Proclus the philosopher born (died 485). 414 Marriage of Ataulphus, King of the Goths, to Placida, daughter of Theodosius the Great. Persecution of the Christians in Persia begins; lasts thirty years. 4W~ Death of St. Jerome. Orosius, the Spanish presbyter and historian, flourished. 428 Death of Honorius at Ravenna. 425 Administration of Etius begins, lasting about thirty years. The Traveler's Song published. 423 Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, banished (435). 429 The Vandals under Genseric invade Africa. Death of Theodore, Bishop of Mopsuestia. 431 Third General Council held at Ephesus. 432 St. Patrick arrives in Ireland. 433 Attila King of the Huns. 438 Theodosian code published. 439 The Vandals surprise Carthage. 440 L3o I. (the Great) Bishop of Rome. 442 Treaty of peace between Valentinian and Genseric. Attila in Thrace and Macedonia. 448 Messages of the Britons to Etius for aid against the Saxons. 447 Attila ravages the Eastern Empire. Theodosius concludes a treaty with Attila. 449 The Robber-Council of Ephesus. Landing of the English in Britain. Hengist and Horsa in Kent. 450 Death of Theodosius II. 4U Invasion of Gaul by Attila. Victory of Etius at Chalons. Fourth General Council held at Chalcedon. Monophysite controversy begins. 4U3 Invasion of Italy by Attila. Venice founded. 452 Death of Attila. Dissolution of his empire. 454 St. Patrick fixes his see at Armagh. 455 Sack of Rome by Genseric. Intercession of Leo. 457 Hengist founds the Kingdn)m of Kent. 460 The epic poem of Beowulf (?). 461-"67 Rule of Ricimer. Severus nominal Emperor. 462-'72 Conquests of the Visigoths in Spain and Gaul. 465 Great fire at Constantinople. 470 Birth of Boethius (died 526). 4&5 Romulus Augustulus Emperor of the West (banished 476). 4G6 Odoacer captures and sacks Rome and becomes King of Italy. Succession of Western Emperors ends. Close of the period of Ancient History~ Medieval History 476 Establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks. 477 Second Saxon invasion of Britain. 480 Birth of St. Benedict (died 543). 481 Clovis I. (Merovingian) reigns in Belgie Gaul. 485 Proclus, philosopher, died. 486 Battle of Soissons. ri Clovius I. defeats the Gauls. 489 Ostrogoths invade Italy. 491 Ella founds the Kingdom of Sussex. 493 Theodoric establishes the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy, South Germany and Hungary, capital at Ravenna. 495 Third Saxon invasion of Britain. Cerdic founds the Kingdom of Wessex. 496 Clovis of France embraces Christianityo 601 Laws of Burgundy published. 602 Charbades, the Persian, ravages the Greek Empire. 603 Fergus lands in Scotland from Ireland. 606-'42 The famous King Arthur said to reign in England. 607 Clovis, having conquered the country from the Pyrenees to the Loire, founds the Kingdom of all Franks. 510 Clovis makes Paris the capital of the Franks. GR Salic Law established by Clovis in France. Division of the monarchy between ClovisW four sons. 614 Vitalianus, the Goth, besieges Constantinople. 519 Cerdic founds the Kingdom of Wessex in Britain. 527 Justinian I. becomes Emperor of Rome. Fourth Saxon invasion of Britain. Essex founded. 529 Justinian Code published. 534 Belisarius conquers Afrnea. 538 The Franks appear in Italy. 539 Italy made subject to Belisarius. Goths ravage Milan. 544 Birth of Gregory of Tours (died 590). 545 The Turks enter Asia. 547 Northumbria founded in Britain. 550 The Angles form the Heptarchy Anglia, Deira Mercia, etc. 552 Totila, the Ostrogoth, defeated in Italy by the imperial generals Narses and Belisarius. 564 Narses overthrows Gothic power in Italy. 558 Clotaire sole ruler in France. 560 Fergus Moor II. of Scotland (?). " 661 Death of Clotaire. His four sons divide the kingdom between them. 662 St. Colomba lands in Scotland. 563 Constantinople destroyed by fire. W6 History of Gildas (?). 65 Death of Justinian I. Ethelbert becomes King of Kent. 668 Italy invaded by the Longobardi from Germany, who found the Kingdom of Lombardy. Narses governor of Italy. B70 Birth of Mohammed (died 632). 677 Battle of Durham; West-Saxons defeat the Britons. W1 Paris mostly destroyed by fire. Sclavonians ravage Thrace. 684 Franks invade Italy and are repelled. The Mayors of the palace the real rulers in France. &M Kingdom of Mercia founded in Britain. 587 Franks expelled from Spain by Recared L 590 Gregory I., the Great, becomes Pope. 595 The Lombards besiege Rome and overrun Italy. 597 St. Augustine arrives in England. 598 Ethelbert, King of Kent, embraces Christianity. 603 Italy ravaged by Sclavonians. 603 Scots invade Bernicia; are driven back. 611 The Persians make conquests in Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor, and besiege Rome. A. D. 612 Jews persecuted in Spain. 613 Clotaire II. King of France. 614 Jerusalem captured by Persians. 622 Mohammed secretly leaves Mecca and enters Medina. The Hegira or Arab emigration-not flight as commonly translated. 628 Dagobert, the "Solomon of the Franks," becomes King. Revises and publishes the Salic and Riparian Laws. 630 Mohammed re-enters Mecca; installed as prince and prophet. 632 Death of Mohammed. His religion spreads through Persia. 634 The Koran published. 638 Syria occupied by Saracens. Clovis II., son of Dagobert, King of France. 639 Omar institutes the new Moslem Calendar. 640 Alexandrian Library burnt. 642 In Britain the Mercians defeat the Bernicians. 653 Rhodes taken by the Saracens. 656 Clotaire III. becomes King of France. 662 In Italy, Constans II., Emperor of the East, is defeated by the Lombards. 668 Constantinople besieged by Saracens. 672 Saracens driven from Spain. 672-'77 Wamba's "good reign" in Spain. 678 Cadwallader, the last king of the Britons, reigns. Bulgarians occupy Bulgaria, in Northern Greece. 681 Mebrouin, last of the Merovingians, assassinated. 685 Saxons drive Britons into Wales and Cornwall. 687 Sussex united to Wessex. In France, Pepin defeats Thierry. 694 Kent devastated by West Saxons. 697 Anafesto becomes the first Doge of Venice. 709 The Saracens invited into Spain to overthrow King Roderick. 711 The Saracens cross from Africa to Spain. The Bulgarians ravage the Eastern Empire. 712 The Gothic Kingdom of Spain overthrown by the Arabs. Establishment of the Saracen kingdom of Cordova. 714 Charles Martel, mayor of the palace and real ruler of France. 716 Independent Gothic Monarchy founded in the Asturias. 718 Leon and Asturias formed into a Kingdom by Pelays, who checks the conquests of the Saracens in Spain. 720 The Saracens are defeated at Constantinople. Charles Martel created Duke of France. The Saracens invade France. 730 Pope Gregory excommunicates the Emperor Leo. 732 Battle of Tours, or Poitiers; crushing defeat cf the Saracens by the Franks. 739 Charles Martel conquers Provence. 746 Slavic settlements in Grecian Peloponnlesux. 747 Carloman of France abdicates. 752 Pepin, the Short, son of Charles Martel, becomes King of France. 754 Pepin gives Ravenna to the Pope. 755 Insurrection in Mercia, Britain. Abderahman I. becomes King of Cordova. 756 Pepin annexes Ravenna to the See of Rome. 760 Insurrection of Toledo. 768 Death of Pepin, who is succeeded by his two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman, who rule in France and Germany. 771 Charlemagne rules alone. 772.-85 Charlemagne, after a severe struggle, conquers the Saxons; they embrace Christianity. 774 Charlemagne annexes Italy after con* quering the Lombards. 778 Battle of Roncesvalles. Beginning of the age of chivalry. Charlemagne unsuccessfully invades Spain. 785 Saxons, subdued by Charlemagne, become Christians. 787 The Danes land in England. 791-'96 Charlemagne establishes the Margraviate of Austria. Reign of Alfonso, the Chaste, in Spain; independence of Christians established. 799 The Avars subdued by Charlemagne. 800 Charlemagne crowned at Rome; becomes Emperor of the West by Pope Leo IHI. 802 Ruric, the Norman, establishes the first regular government in Russia at Novgorod, and becomes grand duke. 807 War between Slaves and Polyponnesaia Greeks. 814 Louis I., Emperor, dethroned, bat T~~ stored to his dominions. 817 Louis, the German (France), conqueM Austria. 820 Michael II. of the Byzantine Empin, founds the Armorian dynasty. 823 I England, Essex (and, two years Wtar, Kent and Northumbria) are annexed W Wessex. 825 The Servians occupy Dalmatia. 827 The Saxon Heptarchy ends and Egber-L king of Wessex, becomes king of ll England. 830 Louis the Debonair imprisoned in Fmanom 839-'40 Louis separates Germany froin France. 840 Charles the Bald King of France. 841 German princes assert their independence. 844 Treaty of Verdun; the sons of ]jtflt divide the empire. Spain ravaged by the Northmen. 846 The Saracens sack Rome. 848 Brittany becomes independent. 850 Russian monarchy established by Rurie. 850(?) Scots and Picts united under Kenneth. 851 Northmen pillage France. 865 Russians attack Constantinople. 867 Bassillian Dynasty founded at Constantinople. 869 Ecumenical Council of Constantinople. (Latin Church.) 871 The Danes defeat Alfred at battle of Merton. 873 Kingdom of Navarre founded by Sancho Iuigo. 875 Charles, the Bald, becomes Emperor; is poisoned by Zedechias, a Jewish physician. 875-1154 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 877 Louis II. King of France. 879 Alfred the Great driven from England. 879 Ecumenical Council Gf Constantinople. (Gf?-ek Church.) 881 Danes vvage Scotland. 888 Paris attacked by Northmen. 890 Italy subjected to the Eastern Empire. Alfred of England founds Oxford, and establishes a code of laws; organizes militia and a navy; subdivides the country and causes surveys of the Kingdom. 805 Alfred's translations. 896 The Germans, under Arnold, seize Rome. Alfred of England vanquishes the Danes. 901 Death of Alfred the Great. 904 Russia invades Greek Empire under Oleg. 907 The Russians receive tribute from Clmstantinople. 910 Asser's life of Alfred written. 911 Death of Louis the Child, last of the German Carolingians. N2 Rollo the Northman becomes Robert6 Duke of Normandy. 918.34 Henry I. the Fowler, reigns in Germany; conquers the Huns, Danes, Vandals, and Bohemians. 921 Italy invaded by the Burgundians. 928 Five Emperors rule the Byzantine MpfM 933 Athelstan ravages Scotland. 934 Henry I. of Germany defeats the Danes A. D. 936 Otho the Great in Germany. 937 Athelstan wins a great victory over the Danes, Scots, etc., and becomes first King of England. 939 Louis IV. of France subdues Hugh Capet, Count of Paris. 944 Malcolm I. in Scotland. 951 Otho invades Italy. 962 Otho the Great becomes Emperor of the West; Italy and Germany united. 978 Otho II. invades France. 979 Assassination of Edward, the Martyr, of England. 982 Battle of Basientello; Otho III. of Germany defeated by Greeks and Saracenso 987 Hugh Capet becomes King of France. 988 Vladimir marries Annie, sister of Basil II. of Russia, and embraces Christianity..995 Elfric's Homilies. 996 Otho III. makes the German Emperor elective. Paris made the Capital of all France. 997 Death of St. Adelbert, who first introduced Christianity into Prussia. 999 Gerbert, Silvester II. Pope. I00 Genoa, Italy, becomes rich and powerful. 1002 Massacre of Danes in England by Ethelred. Reign of Robert II. in Burgundy. 1003 Sweyn, King of Denmark, avenges the massacre. Ethelred flees to Normandy. Malcolm II. King of Scotland. 1013 Sweyn conquers England. 1014 Battle of Zetunium; Basil II. of Constantinople defeats the Bulgarians. 1015 Vladimir I. dies; Russia is divided. 1016 Ethelred dies; Edmund Ironsides and Canute divide England. Italy invaded by Northmen. Expulsion of Saracens. 1017 Canute, the Dane, becomes King of all England. 1019 The Moors enter Spain. 1026 Sancho II. of Navarre founds the Kingdom of Castile. 1035 Arragmn becomes a Kingdom under Ramirez I. 1037 Union of Leon and Austria with Castile. 1039 Duncan I. of Scotland murdered by Macbeth. 1040 Sicily restored and Servia lost to the Eastern Empire. The Cid (Ruy Diaz) in Spain. 1041 Danes driven from Scotland. 1042 The Saxony Dynasty restored. Edward, the Confessor, King of England. Conquest of Bohemia by Henry III. 1043 Russians defeated before Constantinople. 1051 Rebellion of Godfrey in Kent. 1052 War of Roderigo, the Cid, with the Moors. 1058 Moors expelled from Italy. Macbeth defeated and slain. Malcolm III. of Scotland. 1060 Philip I., the Fair, King of France. Lambert of Herzfeld. 1065 Jerusalem captured by the Turks. 1066 William of Normandy invades England, and wins the battle of Hastings. Harold defeats the Norwegians, and is crowned King of England, January 6. Death of Harold. William I., the Norman, crowned King, December 25. 1070 The feudal system introduced in England. 1071 Norman Kingdom of the two Sicilies. Hereward in the Isle of Ely. 1073 Hildebrand made Pope Gregory VII. Gregory VII. establishes universal sovereignty of the papacy, and reforms abuses in the Church. Henry VI. of Germany disputes his title. 1075 Odericus Vitalis. 1076 Justice of the Peace appointed. 1077 Henry IV. submitO and does penance. 1081 Italy invaded n y the Germans. 1084 Henry IV. takes Rome. The Pope flies to Salerno and dies there, in 1085. Clement III. made Pope by Henry IV. 1086 Domesday Book completed in England; commenced in 1077. Burn. founds Carthusians. 1087 William II. crowned King of %,ad 1088 Urban II. Pope. 1090 Mantua taken by Henry IV. 1091 The Saracens of Spain invite th WBS Moors to their aid in drivin lo 2 Christians. The Moors defeat the ChrisinsaB e the Saracen possessions. 109 Portugal becomes a separate y W~ under Henry of Besancen. William of Malmesbury. 1@96 First Crusade begun. Verse Edda compiled (?). 109M War between France and 10O9 Death of the Cid. Jerusalem captured by QodftW & 20W Ion. 149 Henry I. crowned King of Bafte Grants a charter r t laws. IM Crusaders capture Acre. S Milan becomes a free repubft_ Henry L defeats his brother M t 40 gains Normandy. U7 Alexander I. Scotland. U098 Louis VL le gros (the LUB OW St France. MIOl Henry V. of Germany invades Ital. 1114 Henry V. marries Matilda of Engla"r 1116 University of Bologna founded. Euclid translated into English. M11 Play of St. Catherine at Dunstable. lW Rise of the Lombard (Italy) cities. Shipwreck of Prince William. j= Treaty of Worms, between the jmsOM and Pope. 1124 David I. King of Scotland. IM2 Era of the glory of Venice. victorieS over the Eastern Empire. 1132 Arnold of Brescia. 1135 Stephen becomes King of England. Henry's daughter, Maud, disputes the crown; -ivil war ensues. Lou,,, I. grants letters of franchise to citie. anaL towns. ` 3 Empress Maud's partisans defeated at the battle of the Standard, Aug. 22. 11b) Portugal becomes a kingdom. Maud lands in England, and defeats Stephen; is crowned at Winchester, March 3, 1141. 1143 Moors rebel in Spain. 1144 Alphonso of Leon defeats the Moors. Wars of the Lombard cities. 1146 Second Crusade; Louis VII. of France and Conral TIl. of Germany are defeated by Greek treachery, A. D. 1148. Greece plundered by Roger of Sicily. 1147 Maud is defeated by Stephen, and retires to France. 1150 Arthurian Legends published. 1152 Frederic Barbarossa made Emperor of Germany. 1= Maud concludes a peace with Stephen. Malcolm IV. King of Scotland. M Frederic Barbarossa invades Italy. Henry II., King of England, the frst Plantagenet, crowned December 13. Adrian IV. Pope. Constitutions of Clarendon enacted In England. 2W Margraviate, Austria, made a keraiM duchy by Frederic 1. SWar of Guelphs and Ghibellt% 2 2 62 Bai aa destroys Milan. 1163 Berlin founded by a colony from the Netherlands. 1165 William the Lion, King of Scotland. 1166 Assizes of Clarendon and Northampton. 1167 Frederic Barbarossa takes Rome. The Lombard League formed against the Emperor. 1169 University of Paris founded. 1270 Thomas A. Becket murdered in England December 29. A. D. 1172 The Sultan Saladin makes great conquests in Asia. Ireland conquered by the English. U176 Battle of Legnano. Barbarossa defeated by the Lombard League. Six circuits for the administration of justice established in England. 1180 Glanvil Chief Justice of England. Philip II. (Augustus) King,- FrnneM 1181 Glanvil makes a digest of English lawý 1183 Peace of Constance establishes the free cities of Italy. 1185 Provinces of Amiens and Valois annexed to France. 1187 Saladin seizes Jerusalem. 1189 Third Crusade by England, France and Germany. tiege of Acre begun. Richard I. crowned in England, Sept. 3. Terrible massacre of Jews in London. 1190 Frederic I. (Barbarossa), drowned. Order of Teutonic Knights established. Henry V. invades Italy. University of Oxford founded. 1191 Richard I. joins the Crusades. Acre captured. Jerusalem opened to pilgrim. Kingdom of Cyprus founded. Artois annexed to France. 1192 Richard I., Coeur de Lion, made prisoner in Germany by Henry IV.; ransomed (1194) for ~400,000. Richard defeats Saladin. 1198 Innocent III. Pope. 1199 John becomes King of England, May 27. 1200 University of Salamanca founded. 1202 Fourth Crusade; capture of Zora. 1203 Constantinople besieged and captured by the Crusaders. 1204 Normandy lost to England. Latins possess and divide Greece. 1207 Albigensian Crusade. 1208 Otho crowned Emperor of Germany at Rome.' England interdicted by the Pope. 1209 French Crusade against the Albegeoise. Inquisition established. 1210 War between Venice and Genoa. 1213 Battle of Muret; defeat of Albigenses. Interdict of England removed. 1214 Alexander II. of Scotland. French defeat Germans at Bouvines. 1215 Magna Charta signed at Runnymede, June 15; confirmed and renewed 30 times. Birth of Roger Bacon (died 1292). 1216 Henry III. becomes King of England, October 28. 1217 Fifth Crusade by Germans and Hungarians. 1220 Frederick II. becomes Emperor of Italy. 1222 Matthew Paris born. The Teutonic Knights undertake the conquest of Poland. 1223 Tartars conquer a large parc of Russia. Louis VIII. King of France. 1224 Louis frees his serfs. 1226 St. Louis becomes King Louis IX. of France. 1227 Gregory IX. Pope. 1228 Sixth Crusade; Frederick II. at Acre. 1229 The Inquisition begun. 1229 Ten years' truce with the Sultan. Jerusalem restored to the Christia-as. Frederick crowned King of Jerusalem. Albigenses defeated in France. 1231 University of Cambridge founded. 1232 Fall of Hubert de Burgh. 1233 Wars between Castile and Moors, and capture of Cordova, Seville, Toledo, and other cities by Ferdinand III. 1235 The Mongolians invade Russia. 1236 War between the Emperor and the Lombard League. 1237 The Grand Duke Juric (Russia) slain In battle. 1238 Moorish Kingdom of Grenada founded by Mohammed I. 1239 Seventh Crusade, by Thibaud, Count of Champagne. I1241 Prose Edda. \ 2 Tartars establish the empire of Kahn of I Kaptschak. I1A Jerusalem seized by the Carismians. Danes invade Russia, and are defeated by Alexander Newski. 1L245' The Hanseatic League formed. 1348 Frederick II. of Austria killed in battle with the Hungarians. 10 Louis defeats King Henry of England. JLouis captured by the Saracents; truce for ten years. Mamelukes rule Egypt. St Rise of Medica family in Italy. W Alexander Newski is made Grand Duke i of Russia, and reigns as Alexander I. 125 Ottocar of Bohemia acquires the Austrian Provinces. 2259 Kubla Kahn builds Pekin. iM260 Ottocar wars with Hungary oTet Styria. U262-'68 Barons' War in Englane I263 Ottocar inherits Corinthia 3265 The first regular Parliameat of England meets. Birth of Dante; died 1321. SNaples and Sicily conqueied by Charles of Anjou. 3M Ninth Crusade, by Louis IX. and Edward, Prince of Wales. 2gT Louis IX. dies at Carthage. Philip III. (the Hardy) King of France. SThe English quit Palestine. Reign of Edward Io of England; crowned Nov. 20. Ottocar declines the Imperial Crown of Germany. S 3 Randolph, Count of Hapsburg, chosen Emperor of Germany; Ottocar refuses to acknowledge him. t274 Navarre passes to the royal family of France. Rudolph makes war upon Ottocar, and gains Austria, Corinthia and Styria. 1= Wars of Robert Bruce and John Baliol for the crown of Scotland. 1276 House of Hapsburg, of Austria, founded. 1277 Rule of the Visconti, Milan. 1278 Ottocar slain at the battle of Marchfeld. 1282 Sicilian Vespers, massacre of Sicilians by the French. Crusade against Aragon; the French expelled. 1283 Wales subjected to England. 1285 Philip IV. (the Fair) King of France. 1286 Kenigsberg made the capital of Prussia. 1287 Jews banished from England. 1288 Nicholas IV. Pope. 1289 Second invasion of the Mongols. 1291 Mamelukes take Acre. Christian power in Syria destroyed. 1296 Scotland subdued by England. 1297 Sir William Wallace fights for the independence of Scotland. Revolt of Scotland. 1299 Battle of Falkirk; Bruce and Douglas defeated by Edward I. Osman I. establishes the Turkish Empire. 1300 Moscow becomes the capital of Russia. 183% Philip IV. quarrels with the Pope. Charles of Valois in Italy. _ 1302 First convocation of States-Generl In France. 1303 Edward I. invades Scotland. 1305 William Wallace executed. 1308 Robert Bruce crowned as King of Scotland. M7 Edward n. crowned, July 8, King of England. I3-'14 Philip suppresses the Knights Templar, and burns the Grand Master at Paris. 1M Pope Clement V. removes to Avignon, in France. Albert I., of Austria, attempts to subdue the Swiss, who have revolted under William Tell. (.?) 1309 The Swiss revolt successful. 1310 Henry VII. subdues the Lombards. 1313 Louis V. and Frederic of Austria contend for the German Empire. Birth of Boccaccio; died 1375. A. D. 1314 Battle of Bannockburn; the Scots, under Robert Bruce, defeat the English under Edward. Louis IV. King of Germany. Union of France and Navarre. 1315-'25 Insurrection of English Barons. The Swiss totally defeat the Austrians at Morgarten. * 1316 John L-, 2-- p4esthu^o,.:'. son of Louis X., King, dies at the age of four days. Philip II. (the Long) King of France. 1321 Death of Dante. 1322 Battle of Muehldorf; Louis V. defeats Frederick. Charles IV. King of France. 1324 Birth of John Wickliffe; died 1384. 1326 Germany invaded by Turks. 1327 Edward III. crowned, Jan. 25, King of England. Independence of Scotland. 200,000 Moors brought from Africa by the King of Grenada. 1328 Charles the Fair, of France, dies; Philip VI., of the House of Valois, reigns. Ivan I. rules Russia. 1329 David II. King of Scotland. 1333 The Scots defeated by Edward at Haltdon Hill. 1337 War between France and Flanders. Birth of Froissart; died 1401. 1339 First Doge of Genoa appointed. 1340 Birth of Gerhard Groot; died 1380. Battle of Tarifa in Spain; Moors terribly defeated by Alphonso XI., of Castile. 1346 Battle of Crecy; French, under Philip, routed by the English, under Edward III., and the Black Prince. Battle of Durban, in Scotland. Battle of Neville's Cross. 1347 The English take Calais. Rienzi, last of the Tribunes, establishes a democracy in Rome. 1348 University of Prague founded. 1349 Dauphiny annexed to France. The black death in England. 1350 Order of the Garter instituted by Edward and John II., King of France. 1352 Marino Faliero at Venice. 1353 Turks enter Greece. 1354 Rienzi slain at Rome. 1356 Battle of Poitiers, September 19; 8,0M English defeat 60,000 French; the Black Prince takes John II. captive to London, where he dies. Charles IV., of Germany, signs the Golden Bull, the basis of the German Constitution until 1806. 1358 Insurrection of the Jacquerie in France. 1360 Peace of Bretigny, between English an4 French. 1361 Italy overrun by the Free Lances. Turks enter Greece. 1362 The English language ordered to be umd in legal proceedings, England. 1363 Austria acquires the Tyrol. 1364 Charles V. (the Wise) King of Frane. Philip, the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. Treaty between Austria and Bohemia& 1366 H. Van Eyck, painter, born. 1367 The Mamelukes conquer Armenia. 1369 Empire of Tamerlane founded. Langland's "PIers Plowman." 1370 Pope Gregory XI. goes to Avignon. 1371 Stuart line begins with Robert XL et Scotland. 1374 Death of Petrarch. Rebellion against the Pope. 1375 Death of Boccaccio. 1377 Richard II. King of England, June XL Papacy restored to Rome. 1380 Battle of the Don; Dimitri II., of Russia, defeats the Tartars. Wyckliffe's translation of the Bible published. Thomas A. Kempis born. Russia wars with the Tartars. Charles VI., King of France. 1381 Watt Tyler's insurrection in L5o2d crushed. Ghiberti, artist, born; died 1455. 1382 "Legend of Good Women,'* Englaado 1383 The Tartars burn Moscow. 1385 Death of John Wyckliffe. 1386 John of Ghaunt in Spain. Battle of Lempach; defeat of the Austrians by the Swiss, and death of Dufc^ Leopold. 1387 German Empire divided. Fra Angelic,, painter, born; died 1448. 1388 Battle of Chevy Chase, or Otterburne, between Scots and English. 1389 Margaret of Norway. 1390 The Eastern Empire loses power in Asia. Robert III. King of Scotland. The Canterbury Tales published. J. Van Eyck, painter, born. 1392 The Portuguese discover the Cape of Good Hope. 1395 Tamerlane, the Tartar, invades Russia. The Wakefield and Towneley mysteries. 1396 Battle of Nicopolis, the Turks, under Bajazet I., defeat the Hungarian Christians. 1397 Persecution of the Wycklifites or Lollards. Union of Calmar. 1390 Henry IV. crowned King of England, Sept. 30th; Order of the Bath founded. 1400 Birth of Della Robbia, architect a"l sculptor. Death of Chaucer and Froissart. 1401 Rebellion in Wales; Glendower and the Percies defeated. 1402 Battle of Angora; Timour the Tartar de. feats the Turks and captures Bajazet L Masaccio, painter, born. 1405 Prince James of Scotland captured. 1406 Albany, regent, in Scotland. 1407 France interdicted by the Pope. 1409 Council of Pisa. Alexander V. m=Md Pope by council of Pisa. 1410 Sigismund of Hungary becomes Emper, of Germany. 1411 University of St. Andrews founded. Battle of Harlaw; the Lowland defea the Highland Scots. 1412 Birth of Fra Filippo LUppl, painter. 1413 Henry Vo crowned, March 21, King o England. 1414 Council of Constance; Pope John XXXH deposed. Sigismund, King of Bohemia, Emperor os Germany. 1415 Battle of Agincourt; 10,000 English, nmder Henry V., defeat 50,000 French. John Huss and Jerome of Prague burned at the stake, betrayed by Sigismund. 1416 The partisans of Huss take up arms; a severe war ensues. 1417 Cobham burnt. 1419 The Hussites take Prague. 1420 Paris captured by the English; Tretmy of Troyes; Henry wins the Freach crown; birth of John Wessel. 1422 Henry VI. proclaimed King of Fraza and England. Ottoman Empire reunited by Amurath X2 1423 James I. reigns in Scotland. 1425 War between Milan and Venice. The Paston Letters. 1429 Joan of Arc raises siege of Orleans, defeats the English at Patay, and drives them from all their conquests in France except Calais. Charles VIII. King of France. 1430 Henry VI. crowned at Paris, in Deeember. Amurath II. conquers Macedonia. Humphrey Duke of Gloucester. The Medici at Florence. 1431 Joan of Arc burned at Rouen. 1433 Lisbon the capital of Portugal. Council of Basle. Birth of Thomas Malory. 1435 Treaty of Arras, between Pram Q84 Burgundy. Sicily and Naples united. End of Hussite wars. War of Turks with Venice. 1436 Invention of Printing by GuttfeSa '"~ Copyright, 190U5, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  XIII SUPPLEMENT XIII. I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. A. V. 107 James L, of Scotland, murdered. James II. becomes King. Albert V., Duke of Austria, obtains Bohemia and Hungary, and is made Emperor of Germany. IM University of Florence founded. The Pragmatic Sanction; Albert V., of Austria, becomes Emperor of Germany. IM Council of Florence. Title of Emperor limited to the Austrian Hapsburgs. 1442 Battle of Vasag; Turks routed by Hungarians. 1443 Battle of Nissa; Turks again defeated. 1445 Birth of Leonardo da Vinci. The Arabian Nights issued 1447 Nicholas V. Pope. Duke of Gloucester murdered. 1449 The Cforzas at Milan. Alphonso V. at Aragon. Peacock's "Repressor." 1450 Jack Cade's insurrection. Early English ballads. Birth of Dunbar; died 1530. 1451 University of Glasgow founded. 1452 Earl Douglas murdered by James Il. The Archduchy of Austria created, with sovereign power, by Frederick III. 1453 Constantinople captured by Mohammed II.; End of the Eastern Empire. End of the French and English wars. The Mazarin Bible issued. 1456-171 War of the Roses, between Henry VI. and the Duke of York, afterwards Edward IV. Battle of St. Albans. 1456 Battle of Belgrade; Turks repulsed by Hungarians. 1457 Frederick III. divides Austria with his relatives. 1458 Pius Il. Pope at Rome. 1460 Birth of Skelton; died 1528. The Turks conquer Greece. 1461 Edward IV. deposes Henry VI. of England. Louis XI. King of France. 1462 Ivan, the Great, of Russia, founds the modern Russian Empire. 1.463 Turkish war with Venice. Close of Austria's war with Frederick III. 1464 "League of the Public Good," formed by the nobles, against Louis. 1467 Birth of Erasmus; died 1536. 1468 The Coventary mysteries. 1470-192 Lorenzo de Medici flourished. 14-71 League of Italian cities against the Turks. William Caxton establishes first English printing-press. 13attle of Tewkesbury. Warwick, king-maker. Birth of Durer, painter; died 1528. 1473 Birth of Copernicus. Birth of Michael Angelo, architect and sculptor; died 1556. 1474 Birth of Ariosto; died 1533. Ferdinand II., of Aragon, marries Isabella, of Leon and Castile. 1475 Edward IV. invades France. Ivan introduces cannon and firearms into Russia. Birth of Sir John Fortescue. 1476 Battle of Murten. 1477 Russian war with Tartars. Artois and Burgundy united to France by Maximillian's marriage. Birth of Titian, painter; died 1576. 1478 Duke of Clarence murdered. 1479 Union of Aragon and Castile, under Ferdinand and Isabella. Great invasion of Russia by Tartars. 1480 Mongolian power in Russia destroyed. Mohammed II. takes, Otranto. 1481 Frederick IV., of Nurenberg, purchases Brandenburg from Sigismund. 1482 Ivan assumes the title of the Czar of *D vlooi a Tt'ngland. 1490 Leonardo da Vinci, painterP flourished. 1491 Charles VIII. marries Anne of Brittany. Alexander VI. Pope. Sevnigorod defeats and annihilates the Tartars. 1492 Columbus sails from Spain, August 3, and discovers America, October 1-2; discovers Cuba, October 28; Hayti, December 6. Ferdinand conquers Grenada and destroys the Moorish power in Spain. Cesar Borgia poisons Pope Alexander Vii. Henry sells the sovereignty of France. Warbeck's insurrection; quelled in 1498. Spanish persecution of the Jews. 1493 Treaty of Barcelona, between France and Spain. I League between Russia and Denmark. Birth of Correggio, painter; died 1534. 1494 Charles VII. invades Italy and conquers Naples. Lollards persecuted in England. 1495 Poynings' Act in Ireland. 1496 Naples lost to Charles. Spain accrues to Austria by the marriage of Phillip I. with the heiress of Aragon and Castile. 1497 Cabot discovers Labrador,- June 26; and surveys Hudson's Bay, July 3. 1498 Louis XII. King of France. 1499 The French unite with Venice and seize Milan. Battle of Lepanto; victory of the Turks. Mohammedans expelled from Spain. Swiss Confederacy independent. Perkin Warbeck executed. IWO Pinzon discovers Brazil, January 26. Cabral, the Portuguese, lands in Brazil, May 3. 1501 Brasle and Schaffhausen join the Swiss Confederation. Negro slaves imported into Hispaniola. 1502 Spanish Moors compelled to adopt Christianity. Columbus sails on his fourth voyage and discovers various isles on the coast of Honduras, and explores the coasts of the islands; discovers and names Porto Bello, November 2. 1503 Reigii of Montezuma in Mexico. Louis XII., of France, invades Spain. Portuguese in India. Birth of Wyatt; died 1542. Birth of Mendoza, historian; died 1575. 1504; Death of Queen Isabella of Spain. Brazil explored by Americus Vespuclus. Columbus, worried by the machinations of his enemies, returns to Spain, November 7. 15ffi Birth of John Knox; died 1572. 1506 Death of Columbus, May 20; he was treated with the basest ingratitude by the. Spanish Government. 3Uchanan born; died 1582. Rule of Charles V., of Spain, in Holland. Birth of Francis Xavier; died 1-552. Yucatan discovered by Solis and Pinzon. 1508 League of Cambray, between Louis XII. and Maximillian, against Venice. A. D. 1509 Henry VIII. King of England; he marries Catherine of Aragon. Venice stripped of its Italian possessions. 1510 Russia again invaded by Tartars. Execution of Dudley and Empson. Ojedo founds San Sebastian. 1511 Pope Julius II. forms the Holy League with Ferdinand'and "Venice. Velasquez subdues Cuba. 1512 Selim I. made King of Turkey by Janissaries. Ponce de Leon discovers the Florida coast. Birth of Vasari, painter; died 1571. Birth of Tintoretto, painter; died 1594. Navarre annexed to Spain. 1513 England invades France. Battle of Guinegate or Spurs; French defeat. Scotland invades England. Battle of Flodden Field; Scots defeated. Balboa crosses the Isthmus of Darien, and discovers the Pacific ocean. Leo X., Pope, encourages literature and the arts. 1514 Wolsey's power begins in England. 1515 Battle of Marignano. Francis I. defeats the Italians, Swiss and Germans. Maximillian I. secures the Hungarian succession. Francis I. becomes King of France. First English prose history. Birth of St. Theresa; died 1582. 1516 Death of Ferdinand, King of Spain. Rule of Cardinal Ximenes. Charles 1. King of Spain. Accession of the House of Austria. Turks gain Egypt. 1517 Europeans first obtain a footing in China. Selim I. defeats Mamelukes and adds Egypt to the Ottoman Empire. Luther begins the work of reformation in Germany. Fernando de Cordova discovers the Mexican coast. Luther translates and publishes the Bible and Liturgy in German. Birth of Surrey; died 1547. 1518 Grijalva penetrates into Yucatan, and names it New Spain. 1519 Cortez lands in Mexico. Charles I., of Spain, elected Emperor of Germany as Charles V. 15"90 "Field of the Cloth of Gold" meeting of Francis I. with Henry VIII. Balboa, passes through Magellen's Straits. 1521 Battle of Razau; Russia defeats Poland. Martin Luther excommunicated at the Diet of Worms. Conquest of Mexico by Cortez. Henry VIII. styled the "Defender of the Faith" by the Pope. France and Spain at war. 1522 Cortez made governor of Mexico by Charles V. First Scotch invasion of England. The Louvre, Paris, commenced. 1523 Italian League against Francis I. Clement VII. Pope at Rome. Berner's Froissart. Honduras conquered by the Spaniards. Verazzani's discoveries in North America. Birth of Rousard; died 1586. 1524 Settlement of New France (Canada). 1525 Battle of Pavia. A Francis I. defeated and taken prisoner by Charles V. Peasants' War in Germany. Albert of Brandenburg embraces Lutheranism and becomes Duke of East Prussia and Fief of Poland. U26 Ferdinand I. unites Bohemia and Hungary to Austria. Pizarro discovers the coast of Quito. Selim I. defeats the Hungarians. Mn-ncrrd rl-vinnczf-v fnirntlafl in T-nrlia Switzerland. Italy conquered by Charles V. Russia makes peace with the Tartars. 1531 League of Smalkald formed by Protestant princes. First European Colony in South America. San Vincente founded. Royal printing press established in France. Elliot's "Governor" issued. Death of Zwingle; born 1484. 1532 France annexes Brittany. Conquest of Peru bogins. Calvin at Geneva. 1533 Ivan I., Czar, noted for his cruelty. Henry divorces Catherine, and marries Anne Boleyn. Birth of 11-11ontague; died 1592. The 11otel de Ville, Paris, founded. 1534 The Anabaptist war; they capture Munster. I-Ienry VIII. is styled "Head of the Church"; authority of the Pope of Rome abolished in the kingdom. Cartier's expedition to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. Rebellion of Fitzgerald in Ireland. Foundation of Jesuit order. Comeggio died; born 1493. 1535 Execution of Sir Thomas More, in England. Cartier's second voyage, enters and names the St. Lawrence, ascends the river as far as present site of Montreal. Mendoza founds Buenos Ayres, and conquers adjacent country. California supposed to have been discovered by an expedition fitted out by Cortez under Grijalva. Cromwell, vicar-general in England. Suppression of monasteries in England. Coverdale's Bible issued. Mendoza erects the first Mexican mint. 1536 Suppression of the Anabaptists, and death of John of Leyden. Anne Boleyn beheaded; Henry marries Jane Seymour. The Portuguese granted Macao, China. The Boulevards, Paris, commenced. 1537 English suppression of the monasteries. Death of Jane Seymour. Pilgrimage of Grace. 1539 Adoi)tion of the six articles, England. First edition of Cromwell's Bible published. 0-ranmer's Anglican Liturgy. 1540 Execution of Cromwell. Greece subjected to the Ottoman Empire. Henry VIII. marries Annie of Cleves, January 6; divorced July 9; marries Catherine Howard, August 8. James V., of Scotland., dies Mary proclaimed Queen oi. Scots; regency of Cardinal Beaton. Birth of Gascoigne; died 1-577. Birth of Gilbert (magnetism); died 1603. Orellana sails down the Amazon to the sea. A. D. 1541 Great Tartar invasion of Russia repelled. De Soto discovers the Mississippi River. 1542 Catherine Howard executed. Henry VIII. takes the title of King of Ireland. Roberval's expedition to the St. Lawrence. 1543 Ivan IV., the Terrible, reigns, at the age of fourteen. Henry ViII. marries Catherine Parr. Death of Copernicus; born 1473. 1544 Grh-on League joins Swiss Confederacy. Franýýe ýt war with England and Spain. EnglNh invasion of France under Henry VIII. Birth of Tasso; died 1595. Univei-sity of Konigsberg founded by Duke Albert. 1545 Ivan IV. crowned by the Patriarch. Pope Paul III. erects Parma and Placentic-, into a Duchy. Ascham "Toxophilus." Council of Trent. 1546 Death of Martin Luther. France concludes peace with England. Assassination of Beaton, regent of Scotland. 1546-'52 Charles V., of Germany, makes war on the Protestants, who are assisted later by Henry II. 1547' Earl of Surrey, England, executed. Death of Henry VIII. Edward VI. reigns under protectorship of the Duke of Somerset. Henry II. King of France. Battle of Pinkey. Death of Victoria Colonna; born 1490. The Smalcadic war. Birth of Cervantes; died 1616. 1548 Hall's Chronicle issued. 1549 Execution of Lord Seymour, England; arrest of his brother, the Duke of Somerset. 1550 John Knox's Scotch reformation. Udal, earliest English comedy. Birth of Coke; died 1634. 1551 Wilson's Art of Rhetoric published. 1552 The Book of Common Prayer published in England. Duke of Somerset beheaded. Metz successfully defended by the Duke of Guise. Close of religious war in Germany by the Peace of Passan. Massacre of Cazan, Russia. Birth of Sir Walter Raleigh; died 1618. 1553 Mary Tudor, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, succeeds Edward, July 6. Lady Jane Gray proclaimed Queen of England, July 10, but relinquishes the title. Restores the Roman Catholic religion in England. Trade between England and Russia begun by the "Russian Company."' Servetus burnt by Calvin. Birth of Hooker; died 1600. Birth of Spenser; died 1599. 1554 Lady Jane Gray and Lord Guilford Dudley beheaded. Mary marries Philip of Spain. Birth of Sir Philip Sydney; died 1586. Persecution of Protestants in England. Siberia discovered. Wyatt's insurrection suppressed in Eno, land. 1555 The English martyrs, Latimer, Ridley, Rogers, and Cranmer burned at the stake. Philip H. rules In Holland. Religious peace of Augsburg. Bale's "King John" issued. 1556 Charles, of aSpain and Germany, retires to a monastery. Philip II. King of Spain. Ferdinand, his brother, succeeds in Germany. Reign of Akbar, the greatest sovereign of Hindoostan. 1561 Birth of Bacon; died 1626 Mary Stuart reigns in Scotiand. Religious wars in France. 1562 Massacre of Protestants at Vassy. Huguenots defeated at Dreux by Guise. Russia and Sweden unite against Poland. Port Royal, Carolinas, founded by Huguenots. 1563 Guise killed at the slege of Orleans. Temporary peace with the Huguenots. The Escurial Palace of Spain founded. Tusser's Bucolics issued. Birth of Drayton; died 1631. 1564 Maximillian II. King of Germany, Florida colonized by Huguenots. Birth of Shakespeare; died 1616; Birth of Galileo; died 1640. The Tuileries, Paris, begiin. 1565 Philip establishes the Inquisition in Holland. Mary Queen of Scots marries Lord Darnley. St. Augustine, Florida, founded by Melendez. 1566 Confederacy of "Guenx" (beggars) against Philip's cruelty. Murder of Rizzio ' by Darnley, March 9. 1567 Religious wars resumed in France; Huguenots defeated at St.. Denis. Alva enters the Netherlands. Assassination of Darnley, Feb. 10; Mary accused of connivance. Mary marries Brothwell, May 15;, abdicates in favor of her son. James VI., Earl of Murray, regent. 1568 Mary, escapes from prison, is defeated by Murray, at Langside, May 13, and seeks shelter in England. Bishop's Bible issued. 1569 Huguenots defeated at Jarnac and Moucontour..1570 Rebellion of Moriscoes, in Spain, T)ut down. Ivan massacres 25,000 persons at Novgorod, Russia. Hungary definitely annexed to Austria. Murray murdered; Lennox - becomes regent. 1571 Birth of Kepler; died 1630. Spain allied with Venice and the Pope against the Turks. Battle of Lepanto; Turkish power crippled. Moscow, Russia, burned by the Tartars. Lennox murdered; Mar becomes regent. 1572 Rebellion of William of Orange against Philip's tyranny. Massacre of St. Bartholomew, France, August 24. Henry of Navarre marries Marguerite, of Valois. Birth of Inigo Jones: died 1652. 1574 Accession of Henry III., of France, the last of the Valois. Birth of Ben Jonson; died 1637. 1575 Elizabeth, of England, declines the sovereignty of Holland. Birth of Guido Reni, painter; died 1642. 1576 Ghent pacified. Provinces in Holland unite against Spain., Accession of Rudolph II.,.of Germany. Frobisher enters San Francisco Bay. The Holy Catholic League organized. A. D. 1576 Birth of Burton; died 1640. Birth of Fletcher; died 1625. 1577 Birth of Rubens, painter; died 1626. 1579 League of Utrecht. Northern pro-hmces of Holland declare their independence. Fitzgerald's Irish rebellion suppressed. Sir Francis Drake lands in the' Moluccas. 1580 Alva, of Spain, conquers Portugal; the united provinces renounce their allegiance. English take fortress of Smerwick, in Ireland, from Italians, and butcher 700 prisoners. Birth of Alexander, of Sterling; died 1640. 1581 Campian's Jesuit conspiracy suppressed. 1582 Sante Fe, New Meico, founded by Espejo. 1583 Birth of Hugo Grotius; died 1645. 1584 William of Orange assassinated. Henry III. killed by Jacques Clement; accession of Henry IV., of Navarre, first of Bourbon line. Expedition- of Amidas and Barlow to America. 1585 Southern provinces of Holland subdued by the Duke of Parma. Treaty of Peace between Holland and England. Failure of Raleigh's Roanoke Island settlements. Davis Strait discovered by Davis. 1586 Battle of Zutphen. Sir Philip Sydney killed. Birth of Beaumont; died 1616. 1587 Prince Maurice becomes Stadtholder of Holland. Execution of Mary Queen of Scots at Frotheringay Castle. 1588 Assassination of the Duke of Guise and his brother, by order of the King. Destruction of the Spanish Armada off the English coast. 1590 Battle of Ivry. Henry IV. defeats the League. Barnevaldt, grand Pensionary of Holland. 1591 Birth of Herrick; died 1674. 1592 Sigismund, of Poland, in Sweden. Birth of Quarles; died 1644. Birth of Gassendi; died 1655. 1593 Henry IV. adopts the Catholic faith. 1594 Birth of Shirley; died 1666. 1595 Shakespeare's poems first issued. 1596 Capture of Cadiz by Essex. University of Barcellona founded. Birth of Descartes; died 1650. 1597 Bacon's essays published. 1.598 Death of Philip II., of Spain. Philip III. King; he banishes 300,000 Moors from Spain by A. D. 1610. The Netherlands ceded to Austria. Edict of Nantes in favor of Protestants, by Henry IV. Irish rebellion of O'Niel, or Tyrone; defeat of the English at Blackwater. Henry IV. commissions De la Roche to conquer Canada, in which he fails. The race of Ruric, who had governed Russia for 700 years, becomes extinct. Bodleian founded. 1599 Appenzel joins the Swiss Cantons. Birth of Vandyck, painter;. died 1641. Birth of Velasquez, painter; died 1660. Modern History. 19M Va-tirin.p. nf T-Tn11.q.nr1_ invatipm Flandprs. Crown, as James 1. Union of England and Scotland, March 4. 1604 First settlements in Nova Scotia by Acadians. Port Royal, on Day of Fundy, founded. Hampton Court Conference. 1605 Discovery of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament. 1606 Great fire in Constantinople. Matins at Moscow. Demetrius, a pretended son of Ivan, and many Poles massacred. Liberty of worship given to Protestants, in Austria, by peace of Vienna. Australia observed by the Dutch. Silk and other manufactures introduced into France. Mantua ceded to the Emperor of Austria. Birth of Corneille; died 1684. 1607 Setflement of Jamestown, Va., by Lord de la 1608 Quebec founded Dy '71',q-mplain. John Sigismund created Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. Ulster settlements made by the English. Birth of John Milton; died 1674. 1609 Truce of Antwerp; independence of united provinces of Holland. Moriscoes expelled from Spain by Philip III. The Douay Bible first issued. Peace between Spain and the Dutch. Henry Hudson discovers Hudson River. Champlain's discoveries in Canada. Virginia obtains a new charter. Hawkins at Mogul Court. King James drives the Irish from Ulster and divides the land between England and Scotland. 1610 "King James' Version" of the Bible completed. Henry IV. of France assassinated; Marie de Medici Regent. Louis XIII. King of France. The Palais-Royal, Paris, built. 1611 The title of Baronet created by James 1. Champlain returns to America, founds Montreal, and is in supreme command in Canada. Issue of the English Bible, "King James' Version. " Carr, afterwards Somerset, favorite in Ena-land. 1612 Mathias becomes Emperor of Germany. English factories established in India. Virginia receives a third charter. Death of Prince Henry. 1613 Accession.of the Romanoff Dynasty in Russia. Michael Fedorvoltz Czar. Champlain explores the Ottawa River, Canada. The Overbury murder, England. Louis XIII. assumes the exercise of the Government. Princess Elizabethsof England, marries Frederic. Elector of Palatine. 1614 English defeat Portuguese in Bombay. New Amsterdam, now New York, built by the Dutch. Smith explores the New England coast. Dutch settlements in New Jersey. Napier's Logarithms. 1615 Villier's, Duke of Buckingham, favorite. 1616 The present Tsing Dynasty in China established by Mantchou Tartars. Death of Cervantes and Shakespeare. Harvey discovers circulation of blood. 1617 Ladislaus, of Poland, marches on Moscow. Finland ceded to Sweden. 1618 The thirty years' war begins in Bohemia, between the Protestants, under. the Elector Palatine, and the Catholic 'Bavarian League. Sir Walter Raleigh executed. Matthias II., of Hungary, abdicates; accession of Ferdinand II. Australian coast surveyed by Zeachen and othel-S. Kepler's Laws published. 1619 Execution of Barneveldt, Holland. The Dutch visit India and establish a united East India Company. 1620 Battle of Prague; defeat of Hungarian Protestants. Puritans arrive at Plymouth. "Great Patent" to Virginia company issued. Dutch Vessels' with first negro slaves enter James River. Navarre annexed to France. 1621 Spain and Holland at War. Philip IV. King of Spain. The Dutch West India Company formed. Lord Bacon impeached and overthrown. 1622 Seldon and Pym impriooned. Birth of Moliere; died 16'13. 1623 New Hampshire first settled. First edition of Shakespeare's works. 1624 Richelieu's reforms, begins with the finances. England declares war with Spain. 1625 Prince Frederick Henry reigns in Holland. Accession of Ferdinand III., of Hungary. Accession of King Charles I., Of En'gland; he marries Princess Henrietta Maria, of France. Huguenot uprising. 1626 Death of Lord Bacon. 1627 War of the Mantuan succession, in Italy. Delaware settled by Swedes. and Finns. Cardinai Richelieu's scheme for colonizing Canada. The company of one hundret associates formed. War between England and France. Birth of Brossnet; died 1704. 1628 The Duke of Buckingham assassinated. Rochelle surrenders after a memorable siege. Petition of Right, England. Massachusetts Bay settled. Elliot sent to the Tower of London. Birth of John Bunyan; died 1688. 1629 English seize French possessions in Canada. Champlain made prisoner and sent to England. Charter granted to Massachusetts Bay Company. Edict of Restitution. 1630 The city of Boston founded. Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, invades Germany.. 1631 Treaty of Cherasco, between Louis of' France and Victor Amadeus I., of SaVOY. Birth of Dryden; died 1700. 1632 Charter of Maryland granted to Lord Baltimore, and settled by Irish Catholics. Canada restored to the French by treaty of St. Germain. The Cavalier Poets. Birth of Lock; died 1704. 1flqq Obn7-nnIni-n +ý Onnd-4ý -+U --ýr Hampden's trial in England respecting "ship money." Prynne fined by Star Chamber. Harvard College founded. First settlement at Brooklyn, Long Island. 1638 New Haven colony founded. First peace between the Iroquois and Canada. Turks defeat Persians, and take Bagdad. Solemn League and Covenant between England and Scotland. 1639 Van Tromp, of Holland, captures two Spanish fleets. Pacification of Dunse. Withdrawal of English army from Scotland. First printing press in America. Birth of Racine; died 1.699. 1640 John of Braganza drives Spaniards from Portugal. Portugal wins its independence. Beginning of the Long Parliament. First American book issued. 1641 Earl of Stafford beheaded. Judgment agiinst Hampden annulled. Ulster rebellion in Ireland; massacre of English. Fort St. George built at Madras. 1642 Death of Galileo and Richelieu. Charles I. attempts to seize members in the House. Civil war in England. Battle of Edgehill, Oct. 23. Tasman coasts, South Australia and Van Diemans Land explored. Hobb's Leviathan published. Birth of Newton; died 1727. First ferry between New York and Brooklyn established. 1943 Accession of Louis XIV., the Great, in France. Regency of Anne of Austria., and ascendeney of Mazarin. Battle of Chalgrove, June 18, and Newbury, Sept. 20. Covenant approved by Parliament. Turrene on the Rhine. Torricelli's Barometer. 1644 Battle of Marston Moor; victory of Cromwell. Second battle of Newbury, Oct. 27. Charter granted to Rhode Island. Indian massacre in Virginia. Self -denying-ordinance, England. Birth of William Penn: died 1.718. 1645 Archbishop Land beheaded, Jan. 10. Battle of Naseby, June 14; decisive defeat of royalists. Battle of Philiphaugh; Montrose defeated by Cromwell. Alexis, called the Father of his country,,' ' `zar of Russia. Royal Society of England founded. 1646 Charles I. seeks refuge in Scotland, and.:s surrendered to the Parliament. Birth of Leibnitz; died 1716. 1647 Conversion of Indians in Canada to Christianity. 1648 Treaty of Westphalia. Switzerland's ýndependence acknowledged. Holland, given up by Spain, becomes a republic. End of the thirty years' war between Catholics and Protestants. Pomerania.. and other territory, annexed to Prussia. Civil wars of the Froude. -1, 4- 1- d" Uopyright, 1905, by UeO. A. (_)gie & Co.

Page  XIV -____ SUPPLEMENT XIV. I I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. I U U I I I 3.741 llestilities renewed in America between 1763 Close of the Seven Years' War. Ug48 Canadians at war with tle Indians. The House of Brandenburg acquire Halberstadt and Minden. New Amsterdam contains about 1,000 inhabitants. 3 4 Trial and execution of Charles I. Massacre and capture of Drogheda, Ireland, by Cromwell. Confession of Faith. S Marquis of Montrose beheaded in Sootland. Leopold I. made King of Hungary., Charles II. crowned at Scone, Scotland, Jan. 1. Battle of Worcester, Sept. 3, and defeat of royalists. Charles II. flees to France. "Barebones" Parliament. Birth of Fenelon; died 1715. English Navigation Act. 1S52 England at war with Hollando The Dutch, under Van Tromp, "sweep the Channel." De Ruyter defeated by Blake. IM5 Negro insurrection suppressed in Mexico. Peace between England and Holland. Death of Van Tromp. Long Parliament dissolved by Cromwell, April 20. He becomes Lord Protector, Dec. 16. 1654 Jesuits establish themselves among the Onondaga Iroquois. Russian victories in Poland. I Spain and England at war, which lasts five years. 1656 Russian Truce of Niemetz, or Wilma, with Poland. Prussia declared independent of Poland. Frederic William, the Great Elector. Jamaica conquered. WI Convention gives Cromwell power to appoint his successor. Death of Admiral Blake. 1=8 Accession of Leopold I. in Germany. Death of Oliver Cromwell; Richard Cromwell, his son, succeeds him. 159 Auto de fa, of the Inquisition, Mexico. Richard Cromwell resigns title of Lord Protector. Peace of the Pyrenees. IM~ The restoration. Charles II. returns to England; the monarchy re-established. Birth of Stahl; died 1734. 161 Death of Mazarin. Colbert, Minister of Finance, in France. Execution of the Marquis of Argyle, in Scotland. SBirth of De Foe; died 1731. The Royal Palace at Versailles commenced; court opened there in 1672. 362 Terrible earthquake in Pekin; 300,000 lives lost. Act of Uniformity, May 19. The Church of England restored. Charles marries Catherine of Braganza, May 20 I6= Canada becomes a royal government under Louis XIV. Earthquake in Canada. Birth of Cotton Mather; died 1728. 6 France begins war with Holland. New Jersey sold to Lord Berkeley; settled at Elizabethtown. The English take New Amsterdam and name it New York. North Carolina settled. De Courcelles governor in Canada. War with the Mohawks. IM Second Dutch war with England. Death of Philip II.; regency of Anne. The Great Plague in London. Western Australia named New Holland, by Dutch. Canada granted to French West India Company. 6 De Ruyter defeated by Monk. Mohawk villages destroyed by the French. Great fire in London. The French Academy of Sciences founded. 1 Perpetual edict abolishes office of stadtholder in Holland. First Russian vessel built. Birth of Swift; died 1745. New York City; 384 houses. STriple Alliance, England, Holland and Sweden united against France. Treaty of Lisbon. Spain recognizes Portugal's independo nce. Russian ambassadors sent to France and Spain. 1 France and Sweden break the triple Alliance, and declare war against Holland. SFirst settlements of English in South Carolina. Champs Elysees, Paris, planted. I7 Birth of Steele; died 1729. Coude and Turenne overrun Holland. Perpetual edict of 1667 revoked. William of Orange, stadtholder. The De Witts assassinated in Holland. The Holland dikes opened, and French driven out. The French acquire Pondicherry, India. Count de Frontenac, Governor of Canada. Paris Academy of Music founded. Birth of Addison; died 1719. IM Virginia granted to Arlington and Culpepper. Discoveries of Marquette and Joliet in the northwest. 1674 Death of the poet John Milton. Discovery of the Mississippi. 1675 King Philip's war in New England. Birth of Clarke; died 1729. "1677 William of Orange marries Mary. "Paradise Lost" first published. 16N8 Russia begins war with the Turks. Peace of Nimeguen, France. England alarmed by Titus Oates, stories of a false "Popish plot." Sir Edward Berry Godfrey found murdered. Expedition of La Salle. Bunyan's "Pilgrim Progress" published. Birth of Bolinbroke; died 1751. iWO Habeas Corpus Act passes parliament. Archbishop Sharpe murdered by covenanters, who defeat Cloverhouse at London Hill, but are routed at Bothwell Bridge. I East India Company begins trading in China. Execution of Lord Stafford, Dec. 29. Mississippi river explored by Hennepin. Charleston, South Carolina, founded. The Exclusion Bill, England. Origin of the Whig and Tory. Mahratta power begins in India. IM La Salle sails down the Mississippi, and names Louisiana. De Frontenac recalled from Canada. Reign of Ivan and Peter I., the Great, in Russia. Murder of La Salle, in Louisiana. The Cossacks subdued by Russia. W Wi'liam Penn settles in Pennsylvania. Delaware granted to Penn. 1683 Sobieski, of Poland, raises the siege of Vienna. Disco rery of Rye House plot, to secure succession for Duke of Monmouth. Execution of Lord Russell, July 21, and Algernon Sydney, Dec. 7. Canada renews war with the Iroquois. Mahomet I. besieges Vienna, but fails. 104 Greece iivaded by the Venetians, Birth of Berkeley; died 1753. 185 Revocation of Edict of Nantes; terrible persecutions of French and Protestants follow. Accession of James II. of England. A.,'s rebellion suppressed, and his execution. Duke of Monmouth, natural son of Charles II., lands at Lyme, June 11; proclaimed king at Taunton, June 20. LOS5 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 Battle of Segemoor, July 6; defeat and execution of Monmouth. Texas colonized by Spaniards. Birth of Handel; died 1759o Birth of Bach; died 1750. William Dampier lands in Australia Louis marries Madame de Maintenon. Alliance between Russia and Poland against the Turks. Birth of Allan Ramsay; died 1757. Birth of Young; died 1765. Athens captured by the Venetians. Hungarian crown declared to be in the Austrian male line. Accession of Joseph I. Madam Guyon, and the "Quietists," persecuted. Trial and acquittal of the seven bishops, June 30. Abdication and flight of James II., Dec. 23. Landing of the Prince of Orange on English soil. Bonsset's Variations issued. Birth of Pope; died 1744. William and Mary proclaimed King and Queen, Feb. 13. James II. lands in Ireland. Peter the Great, sole sovereign in Russia. Cloverhouse's rebellion in Scotland suppressed. King William's war. French and Indians ravage New England frontier. Canadian expedition fails. The Toleration Act passes Parliament. Iroquois lay waste the Island of Montreal. Frontenac again made Governor of Canada. France at war with England. Birth of Montesquieu; died 1755. French and Indians destroy Schenectady, New York. Massacre of Salmon Falls. Siege of Londonderry. British colonies in America resolve to invade Canada. Unsuccessful attack made on Quebec by the British fleet. Spain joins the "Grand Alliance" against France.. William III. lands in Ireland, June 10. Battle of the Boyne, July 1; James defeated. French invasion of Spain. Aragon and Catalonia ravaged. Treaty of Limerick deprives James of power in Ireland, and grants amnesty to rebels. Beginning of the English national debt. Insurrection in the City of Mexico. Massacre of Glencoe. Battles in Steinkirk and Landen. Birth of Bradley; died 1762. Battle of Marsaglia; the Duke of Savoy defeated by the French under Catinat. Bank of England established. Mary, Queen of England, dies. Dictionary of French Academy issued. University of Halle founded. Birth of Bishop Butler; died 1752. Birth of Voltaire; died 1778. Birth of Chesterfield; died 1773. Turks again invade Hungary. Bayle's Dictionary published. Abolition of censorship of the English press. Namur falls. Trinity Church, New York, founded. Peace of Ryswick. Treaty between England, France, Spain and Holland. Peter, Czar of Russia, visits Holland and England, and learns useful trades. Peter suppresses the conspiracy of the Strelitz, and punishes its members with barbarous cruelty. End of King William's war. Birth of Hogarth, painter; died 1774. Death of Frontenac. First Partition treaty, regulates Spanish succession, and cedes territory to France. The Darien expedition sails. Second East India Company formed. Birth of Savage; died 1743. Birth of Warburton; died 1779. Peace of Carlowitz, between Turks and the Allies. The Morea ceded to Venice. Further explorations of the Mississippi. Fenelon's "Telemaque" issued. The French in Canada make peace with the Iroquois. Second Partition treaty in Spain, declares the Arch Duke Charles next in succession. Charles II. of Spain, the last of the House of Austria, dies, and is succeeded by Philip V., of the House of Bourbon. War of the Spanish succession begins in Italy and continues until 1713. Death of James II., in exile, at St. Germain, Sept. 16. Spain allied with France and Mantua. The French found Detroit. The Prussian monarchy established by Frederick, and recognized by Leopold, of Germany. Russia at war with Sweden. Total defeat of Peter at the battle of Narva, by Charles XII. Census of New York gave 6,000 inhabitants. Death of William III. of England. Anne succeeds to the English throne, March 8. Beginning of "Queen Anne's War." Prussia takes Guelders from the Dutch. Holland, Austria and England declare war with France and Spain.. Treaty of French with the Five Naten,. Massachusetts frontier ravaged by Indians. Peter founds St. Petersburgh, and makes it the capital of the empire. Portugal joins alliance against Spain and France. Irish parliament petitions for union. Birth of Jonathan Edwards; died 1758. Birth of John Wesley; died 1794. Battle of Blenheim; English and their allies, under Marlborough, victorious over the French. The English capture Gibraltar. Peter abolishes the Strelitz, or royal body guard. England passes the Irish "Popery At." Battle of Donanwerth. Charles acknowledged King of Spain at Barcelona. Joseph L becomes Emperor of Germay. Defeat of the French at Ramilles. Battle of Turin. The French raise the siege and surrender Naples and Lombardy..irth of Ben Franklin; died 1790. Union of England and Scotland as the Kingdom of Great Britain. Nuenburg seized and Lecklenburg purchased by Frederick I. Holland, Germany and England at war against France. First expedition against Port Royal, Nova Scotia, fails. Defeat of the allies at Almauze. Death of Aurungzebe. Birth of Fielding; died 1754. Birth of Buffon; died 1788. Mantua ceded to Joseph I., of Austria. The French squadron routed by the English, under Admiral Byng. Discovery of Herculaneum, England determines upon the conquest of Canada. Battle of Pultowa; Peter totally defeats Charles XIL., of Sweden, who flies to Turkey. 14,000 Swedish prisoners sent by Peter to colonize Siberia. 1709 Battle of Malplaquet; Marlborough again defeats the French. Birth of Samuel Johnsono died 1784. 1710 Capture of Port Royal, Nova Scotia, ib the English., and name changed to a13 napoliso Rout of Spaniards, under Philip V., ta battle of Almenava. Sacheverell's riots in Great Britain; 415. senting meeting houses destroyed* The "Tattler" first published. 1711 Attack and repulse of English fleet 4M Quebec. Russia at war with Turkey. Accession of Charles VI., of Germany. A slave market opened in Wall Streta New York. Birth of Hume; died 1776. 1713 The principality of Meurs aequire by Prussia. Peace of Aargau; end of the religious war in Switzerland. Accession of Charles as Emperor @t Austria. Birth of Rosseau; died 1779. 1713 Treaty of Utrecht between the great powers, and terminates the wars of Queen Anne. Newfoundland and Nova Scotia ceded to England. Italy divided; a part of the Duchy of Milan given to the Emperor of Austria. Barcelona, Spain, besieged. Frederick William I. becomes King of Prussia. Peter takes thie title of Emperor of Russia. Birth of Sterne; died 1768. 1714 Death of Queen Anne. George I. becomes King of Engla"d Aug. 1. Hanovarian succession begins. Treaty of Rastadt; Austria acquires th Netherlands. Birth of Whitefield; died 17. Birth of Gluck; died 1787. 1715 Rebellion in Scotland under the Nai e6 Mar. Battles of Preston and Sheriffmua an= defeat of the rebels. Landing of the Chevilier at Peterhea. December 22. Louis XV., King of France, with the Duke of Orleans Regent. Austria acquires Naples, Milan, etc. Russia adds Esthonia, Levonia, and a large part of Finland to the Empire. Peter visits Germany, Holland and France. Occupation of the Morea by Turkey. Rule of Cardinal Alberoni in Spain. Prussia and Sweden at war. Death of Louis the Great; accession of Louis XV., his grandson. 1716 Great era of speculation. George Law's financial schemes. The village charter of Brooklyn first issued. The Septennial Bill passed in England. Birth of Garrick, actor; died 1779. 1717 New Orleans founded. Belgrade abandoned by Turkey. 1718 The Duke of Savoy becomes King of Sardinia. Peace of Passavowitz. Austria gains additional territory. Russia expels the Jesuits. Turkey re-establishes supremacy in Greece. Arch of St. Denis, Paris, completed. 1719 Battle of Glenshiel. Ostend East India Company founded. Mohammed Shah ascends the throne of India. Robinson Crusoe published. 1720 Sardinia is made a kingdom. Law's Mississippi South Sea Bubble, and other schemes, collapse. Widespread financial distress. 1721 Birth of Smollet; died 1771. Birth of Foote, actor; died 1777. 1722 The Pragmatic Sanction settles the Imperial Crown of Germany on Maria Theresa. Death of the Duke of Marlborough. 1723 The Jesuits expelled from China. Birth of Reynolds, painter; died 1792. Birth of Adam Smith; died 1790. Birth of Blackstone, jurist; died 1780. 1724 Philip V., of Spain, abdicates, but resumes power upon the death of Louis, his son. "Wood's half-pence." Great excitement in Ireland. Modern History at Oxford University. Guy's Hospital founded. 1725 Death of Peter the Great. Catherine I. becomes Empress of Russia. The New York Gazette founded. Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, established. 1726 Prussia concludes a league with Ger many. Birth of Hutton; died 1797. 1727 Death of George I., and accession of George II., in England, June 11. Death of Sir Isaac Newton. 1728 Birth of Goldsmith; died 1774. 1729 A city library founded in New York. Birth of Lessing; died 1781. 1730 Peter II., the last of the Romanoffs, deposed. Anne, Duchess of Courland and daughter of Ivan IV., becomes Empress of Russia. Birth of J. Watt; died 1819. 181 Birth of Cavendish; died 1810. Birth of Cowner: died 1800o. 1732 Birth of George Washington, Feby. 22. 1733 Georgia settled by Oglethorpe. Birth of Wieland; died 1813. 1734 "Lettres Philosophiques" burnt by the hangman. irth of Priestly; died 1804. 5 C35 harles, the son of Philip V., conquers Naples and crowned king of the two Sicilies. Birth of John Adams; died 1826. 1736 Marriage of Maria Theresa to Francis I.. Duke of Lorraine. War between Spain and Portugal. Birth of Mozart, musician; died 1792. 1787 Hungary again at war with the Turks. Birth of Gibbon, historian; died 1794. 178 Birth of Benjamin West, painter; died 1820. Birth of Sir William Herschel; died 1822. England again declares war with Spain. Treaty of Belgrade between Russia, Austria and Turkey. Russia renounces her rights on the Black Sea. Invasion of India by Persia. Delhi sacked by Nadir Shah. Methodism begins in England. Prohibition of the publication of Debates in England. 140 Death of the Emperor, Charles VI., of Germany, last of the male line of the House of Hapsburg. Maria Theresa, his daughter, becomes Queen of Hungary and Empress of Germany. Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. Prussia advanced to the rank of a firstclass power. Ivan VI., an infant, emperor of Russia. New York Society Library founded. Swedenborg flourishes. S1741 Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and France make war upon Maria Theresa, who receives support from Great Britain. Prussian victory at Molwitzo Breslau ceded to Prussia. Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great, imprisons Ivan VI. for life and reigns in his stead. Russia at war with Sweden. 1742 The Elector of Bavaria eliected Emperor of Germany as Charles VII. 1743 The French defeated at Dettingn by the English. Birth of Thomas Jefferson; died 1826. Hostilities renewed in America between France and England, known as King George's War. 'riesland annexed to Prussia. 146 Capture of Louisburg by Massachusetts militia, under Pepperell. Francis I., Duke of Lorraine.- consort of Maria Theresa, elected Emperor of Germany. The young pretender lands at Moidart, Scotland. Defeat of the Royalists at Preston Pali, Jan. 17, and invasion of England. Birth of Hannah More; died -. Birth of John Jay; died 1829. Birth of Benjamin Rush; died 1813. 1746 Royalists again defeated at Falklrk, Jan. 17. Total defeat of the Pretender, at Cul19' den, April 16. Victories of Marshal Saxe. Invasion of Shirley, Nova Scotia. French and English struggle for poSsession of India. Capture of Madras by the French. 1747 The French invade Flanders. Stadtholdership revived in Holland. Execution of Lord Lovat in England. Klopstock's Messiah issued. Birth of David, painter; died 1825. 1748 The Peace of Aix la Chapelle. The House of Austria confirmed in the possession of Milan, France takes a part of Flanders. 1749 De La Jouquille becomes governor of Canada. French encroach upon Nova Scotia. Birth of Goethe; died 1832. Birth of Laplace; died 1827. Birth of Playfair; died --. 1750 Treaty of Madrid, between England and Spain. The first theater in New York opened. Discovery of Pompeii. Paoli's Corsican revolt, 1819. 111 Lord Clive takes Arcot, India. Diderot and D Alembert French Encyclopedie. Birth of Sheridan; died 1817. Birth of James Madison; died 1836. 1752 The Marquis Duquesne Governor of Canada; he prepares for war with Great Britain and her colonies. The French dispute the claim of Virginia to the valley of the Ohio. New style of year introduced into England; Sept. 3 counted as Sept. 14. The Journals ordered to be printed by the British Parliament. 1753 Hostilities begin in the American colonies; French seize Hudson Bay Company's trading posts; George Washington sent to St. Pierre. Charles III. King of Spain. 1754 Kentucky settled by Daniel Boone. Peace between France and England in India. Fort Necessity built at Great Meadows; Washington surrenders it to De Villiere with honors of war. Kings, now Columbia, College, New SYork, chartered. 1755 Braddock and his army defeated by the French and Indians. Defeat of Dieskau at Lake George. French Acadians taken from their homes. Frontier settlements in New York and Pennsylvania harassed by the French and Indians. Niagara expedition fails. Lisbon destroyed by an earthquake. Birth of Dr. Hahnemann; died 1843. Birth of Mrs. Siddons, actress; died 1831. 1756 War declared between France and England. Beginning of the Seven Years' War. Austria, Russia and France allied against Prussia. Frederick invades Saxony and captures Saxon army. Montcalm sent to Canada and seizes Oswego, New York. The conquest of India begun by Great Britain. Admiral Byng executed, March 14. Dowlah, Viceroy of Bengal, captures Calcutta after a heroic defense by Holwell. The Black Hole tragedy, June 20. 1757 Fort William Henry, on Lake George, captured by Montcalm. Lord Clive's victories in India; takes Calcutta, January 2; Chanderuagore, March 23. Battle of Plassey, June 23, establishes English power in India. Battle of the Prague, May 6, victory of Frederick. Frederick defeated in the battle of Ko lin, May 18. Defeat of Prussians at Battle of Breslau. Austria concludes treaty with France for division of Prussia. Victory of Frederick in the battles of Rosbach, Nov. 5, and Lissa, Dec. 5. Attempted assassination of King Louis of France by Damiens. Birth of Jonathan Trumbull; died 1804. Birth of Alexander Hamilton; died 1804. Birth of J. P. Kemble, actor; died 1823. Birth of Canova, sculptor; died 1822. 1758 Louisburg captured by the English, under Wolfe. Cape Breton Island and Prince Edward's Island captured. Abercrombie defeated by Montcalm, at Ticonderoga. Fort Frontenac capitulates to Bradstreet; Fort George 1-.Llt. General Forbes captures Fort Duquesne from the French. Prussians defeated at the Battle of Hochkerchau. The French seize Forts St. David and Ascot, India. 1759 Fort Niagara captured by the British, July 23. The French abandon Ticonderoga and Crown Point. Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Death of the French and English commanders, Montcalm and Wolfe, Sept. 13. Quebec surrenders to the English. Charles III., King of the two Sicilies, becomes King of Spain. The Prussians defeated in the battles of Minders, Cunersdorf and Maxen. The French driven back in India. England obtains much territory from Subadhar, of Deccan. Birth of Robert Burns; died 1796. Birth of Schiller; died 18o5. t176 Quebec attacked by the French under De Levi. Montreal captured by the English. Surrender of Canada to Great Britain. Death of George II., of England, and succession of George III., Oct. 25. Berlin captured by the Austrians and Russians. Battle of Torgan; defeat of the Austrian. Thurot's invasion of Ireland. Coote retakes Arcot, India. 1761 George III. marries Charlotte Sophia, of Mecklenburg, Streilitz. The French surrender Pondicherry, in India. 1762 Revolution at St. Petersburg. Peter III. murdered, and Catherine H., called the Great, becomes Empress of Russia. Spain again declares war against Eigland and Portugal, and invades the latter country. Battles of Freiberg and Burkersdorf; Austrians defeated in Silesia, by Frederick. Jesuits banished from France. Lord Rute, Prime Minister, England. 1763 Peace of Paris. Canada ceded to Great Britain. Pondicherry restored to France. Governor Murray appointed governor of Canada, and first introduces English laws. 1763 Close of the Seven Years' War. Treaty of Hubertsburg; Silesia added to Prussia. Treaty of Madrid restores peace between Spain, Portugal and England. John Wilkes arrested for sedition. Explorations of Willis and Carteret In Australia. Great defeat of native princes, at battle of Buxar, India, Oct. 23. Pontiac's war; Indians capture English forts and massacre inhabitants. The Sandy Hook lighthouse first lighted. G. Granville, English Prime Minister. Birth of J. Paul Richter; died 1825. SMurder of Ivan VI., by order of the Empress. Indians sue for peace. End of Pontiac's war. British parliament decrees heavy duties on imports. The Pantheon. St. Genevieve, Paris, founded. Modenm History. W D M 1765 to the present tif, by Countries. CHINA. 1793 Reception of the English Embassy at Pekin. 1812 Edict against Christianity because of Jesuits. 1816 Failure of Lord Ambert's Embassy. 1832 Kingdom of Korea established. 1834 Opium trade prohibited. 1839 Opium seized, causing trouble with British. Chinese outrages in Canton. Hong Kong captured. Naval battles. 1840 Trade with England forbidden by the Emperor. Canton and coast blockaded. War ends in a truce. 1841 War renewed owing to China's bad faith. Victory of the British. Treaty giving England Hong Kong and $6,000,000, repudiated hy Emperor. 1842 Treaty of peace, at Naudiu, with England, August 29. Hong Kong ceded to England. The Chinese cities of Canton, Amoy," Foochoofoo, Ningpo and Shanghae opened to British. China pays $21,000,000. 1843 Treaty ratified by Queen Victoria and the Emperor Taou-Kwang. Hong Kong charter issued, April 5. 1850 Rebellion in Quang-Si successful. 1853 Nankin and Shanghae taken by rebels. 1856 Renewal of war owing to Chinese outrages on Europeans. Commodore Elliott, U. S. N., destroys Chinese fleet. 1857 Blockade of Canton. 1858 Capture of Canton by English and French. Treaty of Lord Elgin. Chinese piratee destroyed. 1859 Commercial treaty with United States. English Envoy attacked by Chinese. 1860 England and France at war with China. European Allies victorious. Treaty of peace signed October 24. Surrender of Pekin, Oct. 12. Ratification of treaty with Russia. China forced to pay indeF eiity, and to apologize. Former treaty ratified. 1861 Allies restore Canton to the Chinese. Rebels defeated by French and English aid. 1864 Suicide of Tien-wang, the rebel emperor. 1865 Prince Kung becomes regent during minority of emperor. 1868 Burlingame Embassy visit United States and sign treaty. 1869 Burlingame, Chinese Embassy, received at Paris. 1870 French consul and many priests massacred at Tien-tsin. 1871 Chinese apologize and give indemnities." Marriage of Emperor. 1873 Ki-Tsiang of age; becomes Emperor as Tung-chi, Jan. 22. 1875 Death of the Emperor, Tung-Chi, Jan. 22; accession of Tsai-Tien, born 1871, son of Prince Chan. First Chineso railway from Shanghae to Woosung opened. 1877 Terrible famine throughout the Empire. Edict forbidding opium smoking. 1880 Serious troubles with Russia. 1881 Treaty of Peace concluded with Russia. 1883 Sacking of European quarter in Canton. 1884 Treaty of peace with France, May 11. The Imperial Government sanction the introduction of railways, June 20. The Chinese Government declare war against France, Aug. 15. French destroy Kinpai Forts at Foochow, Aug. 28. Repulse of the French at Tamsui. French admiral declares all the Formosan ports to be blockaded. Insurrection in Korea. Assassination of the King's son, Dec. 4. Bhamo, Korea, captured by the Chinese, Dec. 8. 1885 Langson, in Cochin China, captured by the Freoach, Feb. 12; evacuated March 28. Peatce concluded with France, April 6; signed at Tien-tsin, June 9. 1885 Admiralty Board created, Dec. 15. 1888 Marriage of the Emperor, Feb. 25. 3R90 briLish Consulate at Ching-Kung-Foo wrecked, Feb. 6. 1891 Floods and famine in the Northern Districts, April. 1894-5 War with Japan and continued defeats of the Chinese armies and navies. 89,5 Peace concluced with Japan, China payiig a arge indemnity and relinquishing her clainms on Corea. 1P00re *f no -- o a ries i li ce ';n terio r, 1900 l ox--r"'. pr-:i - e; *<n,.u.s-,. 1.901 ChuO e n'oe- --I'iG -. ie.n-~i5 c osne 'an manded by t.O- nowaINDIA, 1675 Nabob of Oudh becomes tributary to British. East India Company made receiver of Bengal, Bahar and Orissa. 1796 Treaty with Nizam of the Deccan. 1367 Alliance of Nizam and Hyder All; who attack the British and are defeated at Vellore. 1769 Hyder All, a Musselman advent urer, marches on Madras and compels English to form alliance. 1770 Terrible famine in Bengal. 1771 The Mahrattas enter Delhi. 1772 Warren Hastings becomes governor o1 Bengal. 1774 Office of Governor General create& Rohilla army defeated. 1775 Benares ceded to the East India Company; charges of bribery against Warren Hastings. I I', I. 1708 1709 I;I Copyright, 1o, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. A

Page  XV "^ _SUPPLEMENT XV. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. NOR I r"p 1778 Pondicherry captured by the British. 1780 Arcot taken by Hyder Ali. Hastings defeats Hyder Ali's invasion of Carnatic. 1781 Defeat of the triple alliance of the Nizam, the Mahrattas and Hyder Ali. Battle of Novo Porto, July 1. Treaty of Chunar, between Hastings and the Subadhar of Oudh. 1782 Tippoo Saib, son of Haydes Ali, secures the assistance of the French against the English. Trincomlee lost by the British. Hyder Ali succeeded by Tippoo Saib. 1783 French troops under Bussy arrive. Tippoo Saib captures Bedmore. 1784 Treaty of peace concluded with Tippoo Saib. Pitt's India bill passes Parliament. 1785 Return of Warren Hastings to England. Succeeded by Sir John Macpherson. UN8 Lord Cornwallis appointed Governor General of India. Reform of the Company's Civil Service. 2= Declaratory Act passes parliament. Trial of Warren Hastings begins in Westminster Hall; Burke opens, Feb. 15-19; Sheridan presents charges in relation to the Begums, June 3-13. 1M8 Tippoo Saib attacks Travancore, Dec. 24, and is defeated.,1790 Travancore captured and plundered by Tippoo Saib. Treaty with Mahrattas concluded. IM Lord Cornwallis takes Bengalore. Tippoo routed at the battle of Arikera, May 14; Hastings begins his admirable defense. 1,79 Peace concluded with Tippoo Saibo 1792 Renewal of charter of East India Company for twenty years. Pondicherry taken by the British. 1795 Warren Hastings acquitted. 1798 Marquis of Wellesley appointed Governor General. 1799 British take Seringapatam. Tippoo Saib killed, May 4. Restoration of the Mysore to the rightful Hindoo sovereign. Rajah of Tangore surrenders his power to English. M0 Surrender of Surat to the British. Nizam cedes Mysore to British. 1802 Pondicherry given to France at the treaty of Amiens. The British receive further concessions. Treaty of Bassein, between the East India Company and the Peishwa, breaks up the Mahratta confederacy. 1803 The third Mahratta war; the British, under General Lake, defeat French and Mahrattas at the battle of Delhi, Sept. Battle of Assaye; Marquis of Wellesley, with 4,500 men, defeats 50,000 natives, Sept. 23. General Lake takes Agra, Oct. 17. STreaty of peace with Scindia, Dec. 30. 1804 Holkar lays siege to Delhi. Gen. Frazer defeats Holkar at battle of Deeg, Nov. 13. 1805 Treaty of peace with Holkar, who cedes Bundelcund, and other territory. 1806 Mutiny among Sepoys. 1807 Lord Minto, Governor General. 1808 War with Travancore. 1809 Travancore subdued; mutiny at Seringapatam. 1813' Ecclesiastical establishment formed. India trade thrown open to any British subject. 1814 Marquis of Hastings, Governor General. 1817 Mahratta confederacy dissolved. Ahmednuggur ceded to English. Defeat of Holkar at Mehudpore. Pindarrie war. 1818 End of Pindarrie war; peace with Holkar. The Peishwa surrenders and cedes the Deccan. 1818 Oudh becomes independent. 1823 Lord Amherst, Governor General. 1824 Burmese war begins; British take Rangoon, May 5. 1825 British capture Assam, Feb. 1. Burmese defeated at the battle of Prome. 1826 Battle of Pagham Mew ends Burmese war. Peace declared Feb. 24; Burmah pays $1,000,000 and cedes large territory. English take Bhurtpore. 1828 Lord Bentinck, Governor General. 1833 The northwest provinces made a separate administration. 1835 Steam communication introduced into India. 1838 Slavery abolished, in the East. 1838 Afghan war declared; Cabul captured by the British, Aug. 7. _ _ 1842 Lord Ellenborough Governor-General. 1843 Ameers of Scind defeated by Sir Charles Napier, Feb. 17. 1844 Lord Hardinge Governor-General. 1845 Danish possessions in India purchased by England. England at war with Sikhs; battle of Moodkee, Sept. 6. IM British victory over Sikhs at Sobraon, ~ February. Treaty of Lasore. M18 Lord Dalhousie Governor-General. Second Sikh war begun; Ramnuggur taken by General Gough; again defeated at Vyseerabad. IM The Sikh War ended with battle 6f Goojerat, Feb. 21. Sir Charles Napier becomes Commanderin-chief. Annexation of the Rajah to British dominions. 1850 Mutiny of native infantry in Bengal. 1851 Beginning of the Second Burmese war. 1852 Pegu annexed to British Empire. 1853 Close of the Second Burmese war. Burmah deprived of its seaboard provInces. Pirst Indian railway and telegraph opened, Bombay to Tannah. Renewal, for the last time, of East India Company's charter. Bengal put under a Lieutenant-Governor. Indian Civil Service thrown open to competition. =4 Ganges Canal opened. U66 Calcutta Railway opened. Annexation of Oudh. IM Lord Canning appointed Governor-Gent ) eral. W5? Mutiny among native regiments at Barrackpore, Burhampore and Lucknow, May 6; The great Sepoy rebellion commenced at Meerut, May 10; Delhi seized by 40,000 rebels and the King proclaimed Emperor; mutinies at Cawnpore and Allahabad. Cawnpore surrendered by the British to Nana Sahib, June 25. fiege of Lucknow, begins July 1; General Havelock enters Cawnpore, July 17; victory over Nana Sahib, at Bithoor, July 19. Oapture of Delhi from the rebels, Sept. 20; Lucknow relieved by Havelock, Sept. 25. Rebels routed at Battle of Cawnpore, Dec. 6. SBattle of Futteghur, Jan. 2. Sir Colin Campbell captures Lucknow, March 21; Rebels defeated at Kotara, July 14; at other points subdues the rebels. An Act for the better Government of India received royal assent Aug. 2. Government takes control of India from the East India Company, Sept. 1. Lord Canning made first Viceroy of India. 059 Thanksgiving day in India for peace restored. The Punjaub is made a presidency. Pacification of Oude announced, Jan, 25. 18M Lord Elgin appointed Viceroy of India. U163 Death of Lord Elgin. ) Sir John Lawrence made Viceroy. 1866 Bengal visited by a severe famine. 1868 Earl of Mayo becomes Viceroy of India. 1870 Railway between Calcutta and Bombay opened. 1872 Assassination of Lord Mayo, Feb. 8. Lord Northbrook becomes Viceroy. 1874 Terrible famine throughout Bengal. 1875 Tour of the Prince of Wales through India, arrives at Bombay, Nov. 8. 1876 Prince of Wales sails for home, March 13. Lord Lytton appointed Governor General. A terrible cyclone causes loss of 220,000 lives. Queen Victoria proclaimed, in London. Empress of India, May 1. Great famine in India, continuing nearly a year. 1877 Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India, at Delhi, and other great cities, Jan. 1. 1879 Massacres at Cabul. 1.880 Marquis of Ripon made Governor-General of India. 1882 Riot between Hindoos and Mohammedans in the presidency of Madras. IM International exhibition at Calcutta opened, Dec. 4. Death of Maj. Gen. Francis Mardall. 1884 Death of Keshut Chunder Sen, head of the reformed theistic sect of Hindoos, Jan 8 Pormal"installation of Mir Mahbub Ali, Nizam of Hyderabad, by Lord Ripon. The Calcutta exhibition closed March 10. Terrible epidemic of small pox, at Madras, March 30. The Ilbert bill passes the legislative council, Calcutta, Jan. 25. Earl of Dufferin nominated to the Viceroyalty of India, Sept. 10. Lord Reay appointed governor of Bombay, Dec. 13. 1885 Indian Parcel Post inaugurated July 7. Burmese expedition, from Calcutta, for Rangoon, Nov. 1. Hostilities against Burmese begun by Lieut. Gen. Prendergast, Nov. 16. King of Burmah unconditionally surreno ders, Nov. 30. India gives prompt aid to England during Afghan war. India tenders assistance to England during Russian controversy. 1888 Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General, Dec. 11. 1891 Massacre of native troops and Englis officers at Manifur, March 27. Defeat of the Manifurans by tie English, May 5. 1893 Mints closed as to free silver byi order o the Indian Council. 1899 Lord Curzon inaugurated Governor. General Jan. 9. RUSSIA. 1768 War declared against Russia by Turkey. 1769-'84 Conquest of the Crimea. 1772 Catherine I. commences the dismemberment of Poland. 1774 Rebellion of the Cossacks. 1775 Cossacks' rebellion suppressed. 1778 Prince Potemkin becomes prime mintster. 1780 Army neutrality. Russia, Sweden and Denmark declare that "free ships make free goods." 1784 Acquisition of the Crimea. 1787 War with Turkey renewed. 1788 War with Sweden. Treaty of Warelow. 1793 Second partition of Poland. Alliance with England. I1795 Final partition of Poland between Russia, Prussia and Austria. The partition of Poland completed. 1796 Death of Catherine the Great. War with Persia. i1798 Russia joins the alliance of England and Austria against France. 1799 Suwarrow assists Austrians and checks the French in Italy. Russia forms an alliance with France. 1800 Insanity of the Emperor Paul. S1801 He is assassinated. ' Alexander I. becomes emperor; he makes peace with England. 1805 Russia joins the coalition against France. Battle 'of Austerlitz; Napoleon defeats the allies, Dec. 2. 1807 Treaty of Tilsit; peace with France. 1809 The Turks defeat the Russians near Silistria. 1812 War with France. Napoleon invades Russia. Battle of Smolensko, Aug. 17; Russians defeated. Battle of the Borodino, Sept. 7; Russians defeated. Burning of Moscow by the Russians, Sept. 14. Retreat of the French. 1813 Battle of Leipzig, and defeat of Nam poleon. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. The Emperor Alexander enters Paris, with the allies, in triumph. - 1815 The Emperor Alexander organizes the "Holy Alliance," between Russia, Austria and Prussia. Alexandria proclaimed King of Poland. 1822 The Grand Duke Constantine renounces his right to the throne. 1825 Death of the Emperor Alexander. Insurrection of troops at Moscow. 1826 The Emperor Nicholas crowned at MoS* C0Wo Wvar with Persia. 1827 The Emperor Nicholas visits England. 1828 Peace with Persia. War with Turkey, Russians generally victorious, begins April 26. 1829 Peace of Adrianople with Turkey. 1830 Polish war of independence begins. 1831 Warsaw taken by the Russians, and th1 insurrection crushed, Sept., Oct. 1832 The emperor decrees that Poland shaN henceforth form an integral part of the Russian Empire. 1840 Failure of the Khivan Expedition. Treaty of London signed by Russia, 1841 War with Circassians. 1848 Russia aids Austria in suppressing the Hungarian Revolution. 1849 Russia demands that Polish ^and Hun garian exiles be expelled from Turkeye 1S0 Conspiracy against the life of the muo peror detected. Harbor of Sebastopol completed. Exiles sent to Kouish, Asia Minor, 1852 Visit of the emperor to Vienna. 18= Commencement of the quarrel with Ttte key about the "Holy Places." Army sent to Turkish frontier. Conference of the great powers. War declared by Turkey, Oct. 5. English and French fleets enter the B@~~ phorus, Nov. 2. 1854 Allies enter the Black Sea. Battle of Citate, Jan. 6; Russians defeated. Ultimatum of France and EInglad un. answered by R ssia. Treaty between England, France and Turkey, March 12. Bombardment of Odessa, April 22. Siege of StiHetria, May 17. Siege of S9irstria raised, June 26. Capture of Bomarsund, Aug. 16. Russia evacuates the principalities. Battle of the Alma, Sept. 20; victory of the allies. Siege of Sebastopol begins, Oct. 17. 1854 Battle of Balaklava, Oct. 25. Battle of inkermann, Nov. 5. Death of the Emperor Nicholas, March 2. Alexander II. Emperor. 1855 Sortie of Malakoff tower, March 22. Russians evacuate Anapa, June 5. Kars invested, July 15. Capture of Malakoff tower by the French, Sept. 8. Death of Lord Raglan. The Russians evacuate Sebastopol and retire to their works on the north side of the harbor; destruction of the Russian fleet, Sept. Russian assault on Kars fails. Battle of the Ingour; defeat of Russians by Turks, Nov. 6. Kars surrendered to Russians, Nov. 26. 1856 Council of war at Paris, Jan. 11. Amnesty granted to Poles, May 27; to political offenders, Sept. 7. Suspension of hostilities in the Crimea, Feb. 29. Treaty of peace at Paris, March 30. Close of the war. Crimea evacuated July 9. Alexander II. crowned at Moscow, Sept. 2. 185S Partial emancipation of the serfs on the imperial domains. 1857 meeting o0 the Emperors at Stuttgaran and Weimar. 1859 Russia censures the. warlike movements of the Germanic Confederation during the Franco-Italian war. Treaty with Great Britain. 1860 Commercial treaty with China. 1,861 Insurrection in Poland begins. The Emperor issues a decree providing for the total emancipation of the serfs throughout the empire in two years; 23,000,000 serfs freed. Students' riots throughout the empire. 1862 The insurrection in Poland becomes general; it is quelled with great severity. Trial by jury granted. Increased privileges granted to the Jews. Serfdom in the empire ended. War with Asiatic nations. 1864 The war in the Caucasus ended. 1865 Death of the Czarowitch Nicholas, at Nice, April 24. New province of Turkestan in Central Asia created. 1866 Attempt by Karakosoff to assassinate the Czar, Sept. 15. Diplomatic quarrel with Rome. Marriage of Prince Alexander. Russian America, Alaska, sold to the United States for $7,000,000. Attempted Assassination of the Czar, in' Paris, by a Pole. SAmnesty granted for political offenses. Poland disappears from map of empirea '1869 Socialistic conspiracies among Pru&sali students. 1870 Neutrality in Franco-Prussian war declared. Gortschakoff repudiates treaty of 1856, as regards the Black Sea. 1871 Conference of the powers, at London, abrogates the Black Sea clauses. Many socialists imprisoned throughout the empire. 1873 Expedition against Khiva, which surrenders June 10. Visit of the Emperor of Germany to Russia. Visit of the Shah of Persia. New treaty with the Khan of Bokhara. 1874 Marriage of the Emperor's daughter to the Duke of Edinburgh. Visit of the Emperor to Germany and England. 1875 The island of Saghalien ceded to Russia by Japan. Japan cedes the Kurile Isles to Russia. War with Kholand. Baltic provinces incorporated into the empire. 1876 Russia encourages the insurgents in the Turkish provinces of Servia and Bulgaria. Capture of Khokan. Conquest of Khiva completed. 1877 Russia declares war against Turkey, April 24. S Melikoff enters Armenia and seizes Bayazid, April 30. Russians defeated at Batoum, May 4. Melikoff storms Ardaban, May 17. Investment of Kars, June 3., Passage of the Danube by the Grand Duke Nicholas, June 22-27. Capture of Tirnova, July 8. Plevna occupied, July 6; retaken by Turks, July 30; great defeat of Russians by Mukhtar Pasha. 187 The capture of Nicopolis by the Russians, The1 Russians occupy the Shipka Pass, July 19. Severe fighting in the Shipka Pass, July 19, Dec. 31. Russian attack on Plevna partly successful Sept. 7-11. Qreat Russian victory at Aladja Dagh. Capture of Kars by the Russians, wit great slaughter, Nov. 18. Capture of Etropol by the Russians. Capture of Plevna and Osman Pasha's aroy by the Russians, Dec. 10. Emperor returns to St. Petersburg, Dec. 2, Erzeroum invested, Dec. 24. Gen. Gourko crosses the Balkans, Dee, 31. 1878 Russians occupy Sofia, Jan. 4. Servians defeated, Jan. 7. Capture of the Shipka Pass, by the Russians, Jan. 8, 9. Batoum attacked without success by the Russians. Russians occupy Philippolls, Jan. 16. Russian occupation of Adrianople, Jan. 20. British fleet enters the Dardanelles, Jan. 25. Erzeroum evacuated by the Turks, Feb. 21. Treaty of peace signed at San Stefano. Skobeleff and Radetzky capture Turkish army in Asia Minor. Conference of powers at Berlin, June 18. Treaty of Berlin signed, July 13. SFinal treaty with Turkey, signed Feb. 8. Solovieff attempts to assassinate the Czar, April 14. Nihilists at Kieff and Odessa convicted. Attempt on the Czar's life by mining railway, Dec. L Discovery of plot to blow up the Winter Palace, Dec. 12. IM Explosion under diningroom of Winter Palace. Several soldiers killed and wounded, Feb. 17. Arrest of Hartmann, at Paris, Feb. 20. Gen. Melikoff made virtual dictator, Feb. 24. France refuses extradition of Hartmann. Nihilists convicted at St. Petersburgh and Kieff. 88 Assassination of Alexander II., by bombs thrown at his carriage, March 13; one assassin killed by explosion, another seized. Accession of Alexander M.. Wftk I= wt crowned until 1882, on aceount of feaw of assassination. TA of Nihilists, April S. Russakoff, Sophie Pieoffsky, Jelaboff and others, condemned to death. Treaty of peace with China. Resignatkm of Gen. Malikoff, May 1U. Manifesto of Ger. Ignatteff, May 23. Coeimter manifesto of Nihilists. New Nihilist plot disoovered, November. 1M Retirement of Prince Gortschakoff. Anti-Jewish riots. Pan-Slavist speech of Gen. Skobeleff, at Paris. Death of Gen. Skobeleff, July 6. 1-M Accident to the Czar while hunting, Dec. 10. CoL Souderkin, chief of Police, assassinated by Nihilists, Dec. 28. Coronation of Alexander III., Czar of all the Russias, Aug. 27. IM Anti-Jewish riot, resulting in the death of many persons, June 19. Great fire in Moscow, Oct. 29. Marriage of Duke Sergius to Princess Elizabeth of Hesse, June 15. 1885 Attack of the Russians, under Gen. Komaroff, on Afghan positions near Murghat. 1893 Jews expelled from the Asiatic provinces. Prince Korsakoff, an eminent statesman, died, April 28. 1894 Alexander III., Czar of all Russia, died and was succeeded by Nicholas II. 1895 Russia assists China in procuring money to pay war indemnity to Japan and secures considerable advantages on the Pacific coast. 1905 Labor riots at St. Petersburg, 1,500 killed Jan. 22. Gen. Stoessel surrendered Port Arthur to Gen. Nogi, Jan. 2. TURKEY, 1770 Rebellion of Ali Bey suppressed, in Egypt. 1774 Abdul Hamid becomes Sultan. 1784 Crimea ceded to Russia. 1787 War with Russia and Austria; defeat of the Turks. 1788 Selim III., Sultan of Turkey. 1798 The French, under Napoleon, invade Egypt. 1799 Battle of Aboukir; French victorious. 1801 The English aid the Turks; Napoleon forced to retreat. 1803 Insurrection of Mamelukes at Cairo. 1806 Mehemet Ali becomes Pasha in Egypt. 1807 War with England and Russia. British fleet passes the Dardanelles. Mustapha IV., Sultan. 1808 Mahmoud II:, Sultan. 1811 Massacre of Mamelukes; Mehemet becomes supreme. 1812 Treaty of Bucharest; Pruth made frontier of, Turkey and Russia. 1815 Discoveries of Belzonia, in Egypt. 1821 Insurrection in Moldavia and Wallachia; independence of Greece secured. 1824 Turks defeated at Mitylene. 1827 Battle of Navarino; Turkish fleet destroyed. 1828 War with Russia; surrender at Anapa, June 23. Bajazet taken Sept. 9. ' Varna occupied by Russians, Oct. 11. 1829 Battle of Shumla. Russians take Erzeroum and enter Adrianople; treaty of peace, Sept. 14. 1831 Revolt of Mehemet Ali. Battle of Konieh; Egyptians defeat Turks. Egypt invades Syria. 1832 Battle of Konieh; disastrous defeat of Turks. 1833 Russians enter Constantinople; offensive and defensive treaty with Russia. Treaty of Kutayah. Rebellion in Egypt suppressed. 1839 Abdul Medjid becomes Sultan. A second revolt of Mehemet Ali. Battle of Nezib; Ibrahim Mehemet, All's son, defeats the Turks. 1840 England, Russia, Austria, and Prussia aid Turkey. Battle of Beyrout; Egyptians defeated. 1841 Treaty with Egypt. Mehemet Ali made Viceroy, but deprived of Syria. 1847 New system of education introduced. 1849 Turkey refuses to surrender Polish refugees; refusal sustained by England. 1851 Rebellion of Croatia. 1852 Treaty with France regarding the "Holy Places." 1853 A large Russian army crosses the Pruth. Turkey declares war; approved by the great powers, England, France, Austria and Prussia. 1854 Crimean war; allied fleets enter the Black Sea, Jan. 4. Russia refuses intervention, March 19. Treaty with England and France. The allied powers guarantee Turkish integrity. \ Allied fleets bombard Odessa, and block ade the Danube. Allies overcome Russians at Giurgero. Turks defeated at Bayazid; see Russia. 1855 Battle at Kars, Russians defeated; Turks, under Omar Pasha, win a great victory at the Ingour, Nov. 6; allies take Kars, Nov. 26. 1.856 Suspension of hostilities, awaiting negotiations for peace, Feb. 29. Treaty of peace signed, at Paris, April 29. The9Crimea evacuated, July 9. Independence of Turkey guaranteed. 388Conflict with Montenegrins. Christians massacred at Jedda. Montenegrin boundaries determined. Suez Canal begun by De Lesseips. 959 Great fire at Constantinople. SConspiracy against the Sultan. 1860 Druse and Maronite War. Massacre of Christians at Damascus. Convention of Great Powers. 1861 Abdul-Aziz Sultan. Insurrection in Herzegovina and Montenegro. 1862 Omar Pasha invades Montenegro. Servians demand their independence. 186S Death of Said Pasha; Ismail Pasha becomes Viceroy of Egypt. 1864 Arabian rebellion suppressed by Egypt. 1865 Suez Canal opened in part. 1866 Revolt in Candia. Cretan Greeks revolt against the Turks. 1867 The Khedive of Egypt, Viceroy, visits France and England. 1869 Suez Canal inaugurated. 1870 Sir Samuel Baker sent to suppress slave trade. 1872 Baker returns, after considerable success. IM By the Sultan's firman the Khedive of Egypt becomes independent in most points. 1874 Circular letter to the Powers, protesting against treaties with Turkish tributaries. 1875 Insurrection in Herzegovina and Bosnia. Bosnians victorious at the battle of Gatschko. Unsuccessful Abyssinian expedition. British government purchases Suez Canal stock. 186 War with Abyssinia; the Egyptian debt consolidated. Battle of Trebinge, indecisive. Germany, Austria and Russia demand reform in Turkish tributaries. Bulgaria revolts against Turkish rule. Suicide or murder of Sultan Abdul-Aziz. Montenegro and Servia declare war against Turkeyo. Murad V., Sultan, May 30th; accession of Abdul-Hamid II. Defeat of the Servians at Alexinatz. Conference of Great Powers about Turkish affairs. 2W77 Treaty of peace with Abyssinia, made by Col. Gordon. Turkey rejects proposals of the Great Powers. Midhat Pasha banished. War with Russia declared. Hostilities with Montenegro. Russians cross the Danube, June 23; Nicopolis surrendered to Russia; slight Turkish success in Armenia; Plevna abandoned, July 6; recaptured, July 28; terrific battles in the Shipka Pass, August 21-28; Russians repulsed at Plevna, Sept. 7-11; immense losses en both sides; relief of Plevna, Sept. 22, by Chefket Pasha; retreat of Turks, Sept. 24; removal of Mehemet Ali as Commander-in-chief; Suleiman Pasha appointed; Mukhtar Pasha gains Turkish victories in Armenia; total defeat of Mukhtar Pasha at battle of AladjaDagh, Oct. 15; Russians take Kars by storm, Nov. 18; surrender of Plevna, Dec. 10. 1878 Erzeroum evacuated, Sept. 17; complete defeat of Turkey; preliminary treaty of peace signed, March 3. Conference by the Powers at Berlin, to settle Turkish question. Treaty of Berlin ratified, Aug. 3. Great Britain, July 3, secures Cyprus. 1879 Final treaty with Russia signed, Feb. 8. Russians evacuate Turkey. England demands reforms in Turkey. Nubar Pasha resigns. The Khedive deposed by the Sultan, June 26. His son Tewfik succeds him. 1880 The Powers protest regarding delay in executing provisions of Berlin treaty. Great naval demonstration. Cession of Dulcigno, Nov. 26. 1881 Conference of the Powers at Constantinople. I Midhat Pasha, and others, tried for murder of Abdul-Aziz; and condemned to death; their sentence commuted to exile. Decree of abolition of slavery in Egypt. 1882 The Porte declines to enter conference of Powers regarding Egypt, but subsequently yields. Remonstrates with England for intended bombardment of Alexandria. Dervish Pasha sent as envoy to Egypt. Turkey declines to send troops to Egypt, but, after the bombardment, consents. Arabi Pasha sentehced to banishment to Ceylon for life, Dec. 3. Prayers offered in Mosques of Cairo for the Queen of England as the "Mirror of Justice," Dec. 13. Arabi Pasha, Egyptian Minister of War, heads opposition to the Khedive. Alleged conspiracy against Arabi Pasha, Minister of War, leads to international complications. English and French fleets appear at Alexandria, May. On June 11, a riot breaks out in Alexandria, the natives killing 340 Europeans. The Powers called upon to aid the Khedive. Arabi erects fortifications, and threatens to blow up the Suez Canal. Admiral Seymour takes command of English forces,,and orders Arabi to cease fortifying; he refuses. Bombardment of Alexandrian forts, July 12; they are destroyed by the English fleets. Arabi Pasha retreats into the country under cover of a flag of truce. The Khedive declares him a rebel. Gen. Sir Garnet Wolsley arrives at Alexandria, Aug. 15, with English troops. Ramleh fortified. Skirmish between Egyptians and the English. The joint fleet sails to Aboukir under sealed orders; then proceeds to Port Said; reached Ismailia. The English occupy the Suez Canal. Arabs attack the British at Kassassin, " and are repulsed with heavy loss. Battle of Tel-el-Kebir in which tho whole Egyptian army is routed, Sept. 13. Zagazig occupied. Kafr-el-Dwar surrenders. Cairo opens its gates. Arabi Pasha and 10,000 troops surrender unconditionally. - End of the war, Sept. 15. 1883 Total destruction of Hicks Pasha and Shis army in the Soudan, Nov. 3. 1884 Resignation of Egyptian ministry of Sherif Pasha, Jan. 7. Gen. C. G. Gordon leaves England for Egypt en route for Kartoum, Jan. 18. Defeat of Baker Pasha near Tokar, Feb. 4. Gen. Gordon arrives at Kartoum, Feb. 18. Surrender of Tokar to the rebels under Osman Digna, Feb. 22. Defeat of the rebels at Tet, by Gen. Graham, Feb. 29. Tokar relieved by Gen. Graham, March 2. Osman Pasha defeated by Gen. Graham at Tamasi, March 13. Egyptian troops meet with reverse at Kartoum, March 16. Third conference of the Great Powers upon Egyptian finances, Aug. 2. 18851 General Stewart's forces reach Gakdul, Egypt,, Jan. 12. Batte 6f Abu Klea, victory of British forces, Jan. 17. British victory near Metammeh. Gen. Stewart wounded, Jan. 19. Fall of Kartoum. Jan. 26., Death of Gen. Gordon, Jan. W,, pyoduces intense excitement in London. The Italian flag.Shoisted with that of Egypt, at Massowah, Feb. 8. British victory near Dulka Island,. death of Gen. Earl, Feb. 10. The Muder of Dongola decorated by Lord Wolseley. Terrific fighting near Suakim, March 22. Death of Mahdi Mohammed Achmed, June 29. Revolution in Eastern Roumelia. Prince Alexander of Bulgaria, Governor,Sept. 18. Meeting of Ambassadors, at Constantinople, on the Eastern crisis, Oct. 4. 1888 First through train from Paris to Constantinople, Aug. 3. 1889 Egyptian Dervish Army routed, Aug. 3. Turkish forces occupy Crete, Aug. 30. 1890 Turkish man-of-war Ertogroul founders at sea, 500 lives lost, Sept. 19. 1894 Insurrection in Armenia, and great massacre of Christians at Sassoun. 1895 Riot in Constantinople and massacre of Armenian Christians in that city. Great powers of Europe demand reforms from the Sultan and protection for his Christian subjects. Change in the Ministry, Nov. 7. 1905 The Porte refused to authorize street sales of Bibles, Jan, 2. GREECE. 1770 Greek insurgents assisted by Russia. They are defeated by the Turks. Rebellion of Suliot suppressed. 1803 Turks put down second Suliot rebellion, which was incited by the French. 1821 Revolt of Ipsylanti; Peloponnesus gained by the Greeks. 1822 Independence of Greece. Terrible massacre at Scio. 1823 National Congress at Argos. ) Death of Marco Bozzaris. 1824 Death of Lord Byron at Missolonghi. Ipsara destroyed by the Turks. 1826 Siege of Missolonghi; capitulates to the Turks. 1827 Turkish army takes Athen_.. Interference of foreign powers rejected by Turkey. Battle of Navarino; the alliel British, f "Copyright. 1905^ by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  XVI SSUPPLEMENT XVI. I, ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. ~ French and Russian fleets defeat the Turks and Egyptians. Independence of Greece established. 1828 The Turks evacuate the Morea. 1829 Turkey surrenders Missolonghi. Treaty of Hadrianople. 1831 President D'Istria assassinated. 1833 Accession of Otho I. 1843 Insurrection in Athens; National Assbmbly; new constitution adopted. 1850 Pireus blockaded by a British fleet. England demands indemnity for injury to British subjects. French intervention sought. Greece forced to yield. 1854 Revolt of Albanians. English and French occupy Greece. -Neutrality in Russo-Turkish war declared. 1857 Greece evacuated by the French and English. 1862 Serious insurrections in Greece. Otho I. forced to leave Greece. Prince Alfred, of England, declared King. Austria declares for Otho I. 1863 National Assembly declares Alfred elected King. England refuses to allow his accession. Prince William, of Denmark, elected King, March 18, and becomes King George I., Nov. 2, 1863; new Constitution adopted. 1867 King George I. married to Princess Olga, of Russia. 1870 Trouble with the brigands, who kill many English prisoners. 1875 Neutrality observed in Herzegovinian insurrection. 1876 Declares for neutrality in Servian war. 1878 Thessalians aided by Greeks against the Turks. 1880 Berlin conference considers question of Greek and Turkish frontiers. 1881 Convention with Turkey, July 2. Thessaly ceded to Greece. 1884 Serious fire at royal palace, Athens, Aug. 5. 1889 Princess Sophie of Russia and the Crown Prince married, October 27. 1890 Greek Ministry resigns, October 28. 1891 Prof. Waldstein discovers rare jewels in the ruins of Eretria, March. 1893 Ministry resigned May 10, and succeeded by a new Cabinet, with M. Tricoupis as premier, Nov. 11. ITALY. 1775 Death of Pope Clement XIV. and elevation of Pio VI. 1796-'97 Bonaparte's first victories in Italy. f797 Treaty of Campo Formio. France and Austria divide the Venetian States. The Cis-Alpine republic founded. 1798 Second invasion of the French. Pope Pius VI. deposed by Bonaparte. 1799 Defeat of the French at Trebia, by the Russians, under Suwarrow. 1800 Death of Pio VI.; Pio VII. Pope. Bonaparte crosses the Alps. Battle of Marengo, June 24; total defeat of Austrians. 1802 The Cis-Alpine republic remodled as the Italian republic; Bonaparte President. 1805 Napoleon crowned King of Italy, May 26. Eugene Beauharnois made Viceroy of Italy. 1806 The Treaty of Presburg deprives Austria of her Italian possessions. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. Overthrow of the Kingdom of Italy. 1815 Establishment of the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom for Austria. Genoa addsed to the Sardinian crown. 1823 Death of Pope Pio VII.; Leo XII. becomes Pope. 1829 Death of Leo XII.; Pio VIII. becomes Pope. 1831 Death of Pope Pio VIII., and elevation of Gregorio XVI. Death of Carlo Felix, and '-/inguishment of the direct male line, of the House of Savoy. The crown falls to Prince Carlo Alberto. The "Young State Party" formed by Mazzini. Insurrection in Central Italy. 1837 King Charles Albert, of Sardinia, promulgates a new Code. 1846 Death of Pope Gregorio XVI.; Pius IX. becomes Pope. 1848 The King of Sardinia grants a Constitution and openly espouses the cause of Italian regeneration against Austria. Insurrection in Lombardy and Venice against Austrian power; revolt is supported by the King of Sardinia. The Pope supports the movement for Italian independence, June. War between Sardinia and Austria. Lombardy annexed to Sardinia, June 29. Revolution at Rome; flight of the Pope to Gaeta. 1849 The Sardinians, after repeated reverses, are totally defeated by the Austrians at Novara, March 23. Close of the war, and recovery of Lombardy by Austria. Carlo Alberto abdicates in favor of his son, Victor Emmanuel II., March 23; dies July 28. The Roman republic formed. Rome captured by the French army, under Marshal Oudinot. The republic overthrown, and the Pope restored. 1850 Ecclesiastical jurisdictions abolished in Sardinia. Arrest of the Archbishop of Turin. 1851 Count Cavour Minister of Foreign Affairs. 1853 Revolt in Milan subdued. 1855 Sardinia joins the alliance of France, England and Turkey against Russia, 4tr and takes part in the Crimean war. 1856 Unsuccessful revolt in Sicily. 1857 Diplomatic rupture between Sardinia and Austria. 1859 Quarrel between Sardinia ana Austria, caused by former power refusing to disarm. France espouses the cause of Sardinia, and sends an army to her assistance. The Austrians cross the Ticino, April 27. The French army reaches Genoa, May 3. Battles of Montebello, May 20; Palestro. May 30, 31; Magenta, June 4; Malegnano, June 8; Solferino, June 24. Total defeat of Austrians. Revolutions in Tuscany, Parma, Modena, Bologna, Ferrara, etc. Peace of Villefranca, July 11. Western Lombardy annexed to Sardinia. Protest of Tuscany, and declaration for a United Kingdom. The people incited to arms by Garibaldi. The Pope appeals to Europe against the King of Sardinia, July 12. The Italian Duchies declare in favor of annexation to Sardinia. New constitution for Sardinia. Alliance between Tuscany, Modena, Parma and the Romagna formed, Oct. 10. Peace of Zurich, Nov. 10; part of the Papal States and the Duchies of Parma and Modena ceded to Sardinia. The Emperor Napoleon advises the Pope to give up his revolted States, Dec. '1. 1860 The Pope refuses the Emperor's proposal and denounces him, Jan. 8. A new ministry formed by Cavour, Jan. 1us Tuscany, Parma, Modena and the Ro magna vote for annexation to Sardinia, March 9. Savoy and Nice ceded to France by Sardinia. The French troops leave Italy in May. Garibaldi lands in Sicily, May 11. Declares himself Dictator, and drives the Neapolitans from Sicily in the battles of Calatifinni and Melazzo, July 20. He invades Naples with his little army, Sept. 7. Insurrection in the Papal States in September. Sardinian army enters them, and defeats the Papal troops, Sept. 18, and takes Ancona, Sept. 29. The Sardinian army, under the King, enters the Neapolitan territory; defeats the Neapolitans, at Iseraia, Oct. 17. Garibaldi defeats the Neapolitans, at the Volturna, Oct. 1. Meets Victor Emmanuel, Oct. 26, and salutes him as "King of Italy." Sicily and Naples vote for annexation to Sardinia, Oct. 21. Victor Emmanuel enters Naples as King, Nov. 7. Garibaldi resigns the Dictatorship and retires to Caprera. 1861 The first Italian Parliament assembles, Feb. 18. Parliament decrees Victor Emmanuel "King of Italy," Feb. 26. The new kingdom recognized by England, March 31. The Pope protests against the new kingdom, April 15. Death of Cavour, June 6. Unsuccessful revolt in Calabria, by Jose Borges, in the interest of Francis II. 1862 Ratazzi forms a new ministry. Naples declared in a state of siege. Ratazzi's ministry overthrown and a new one formed by Farina. Garibaldi endeavors to wrest Rome from the Pope. He is made prisoner at Aspromonte, by the Italian army. 1863 Commercial treaties with France and Great Britain. 1864 Treaty with France for the evacuation of Rome by the French in February, 1867. Transfer of the Capital from Turin to Florence. 1865 Bank of Italy established. New Parliament meets at Florence. The insurrections at Turin suppressed. Brigands cause much trouble. 1866 The Austro-Italian war begins. Alliance with Prussia. Italy declares war against Austria, June 20. Italians cross the Mincio, June 23. Battle of Custoza, June 24, and defeat of the Italians by the Archduke Albrecht. Battle of Lissa. Defeat of the Italian fleet, July 20. Peace of Prague, Aug. 23; Eastern Lombardy and Venetia added to the Kingdom. Treaty of Nicholsburg, Aug. 26; close of the war. Cession of Venetia to the Italian kingdom. King Victor Emmanuel eaters Venice, Nov. 7. 1867 Insurrection in the Papal States. Garibaldi placed under arrest. The French enter Rome. Garibaldi defeated at Mentana. 1868 Railway over Mont Cenis opened. Crown Prince Humbert marries Princess Margherita. 1869 Ecumenical Council held at Rome. Severe earthquake at Florence. 1870 Dogma of Infallibility proclaimed by the Council. Arrest of Mazzini at Palermo. The Papal States entered by the Italian army, and Rome occupied, Sept. 20. Papal States a part of the Kingdom of Italy, Oct. 9. Pope Pius IX. issues bull of excommunication against the government, Nov. 1. Rome evacuated by the French, Aug. 11. Revolution in Rome imminent. The Pope takes refuge in the castle of St. Angelo. Rome annexed to Italy, and made the Capital of the kingdom by royal decree, Oct. 9. The Italian Duke of Acosta elected King of Spain. 1871 The government transferred from Florence to Rome, July. Opening of the Mt. Cenis Tunnel..1872 Death of Mazzini. Great eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Serious inundations throughout the peninsula. 1873 Suppression of the convents at Rome. Expulsion of Jesuits from Italy. 1874 General ýassembly of free Christain churches in Italy. Brigands cause great trouble. The government suppresses the Camorra's. 1875 Visit of the Emperors of Austria and Germany to the King of Italy. Garibaldi takes oath of allegiance to the government, and becomes a member of the Chamber of Deputies. Ratification of a treaty of commerce with Great Britain. Six new cardinals appointed. 1876 Italy and anti-Turkish in the eastern question. Attempted assassination of King Humbert, Nov. 7. 1877 The celebrated "Antonelli" case dismissed. 1878 Death of Victor Emmanuel, Jan. 9. Attempted assassination of King Humbert I., Nov. 17. Death of Pope Pius IX., Feb. 7. Leo XIII. elected Pope, Feb. 20. 1880 Elections favorable to the ministry of Cairoli. The monster ironclad Italia successfully launched. Resignation of Garibaldi as Deputy, and retirement to Genoa. 1881 Cairoli ministry overthrown and a new one founded by Depretio. Reform Bill passed by the Senate, Dec. 21. 1882 Electoral law passed. Death of Garibaldi, June 2. 1883 Discovery of site of the celebrated Antrium, at Rome, Nov. 6. 1884 The cholera rages in Naples. 1889 Statue of Bruno unveiled at Rome, June 9. 1890 Statue of Victor Emmanuel unveiled, Sept. 20. 1891 Crispi Resigns the Premiership and Rudini appointed, Feb. 9. Baron Fava, Minister to the United States, recalled, March 30. 1893 Pope Ieo XIII. celebrates his 83d birthday. King Humbert and Queen Margaret celebrate their silver wedding. 1900 King Humbert assassinated, July 29. Coronation of King Victor Emmanuel U. Aug. 11. 1904 Death of Pope Leo XIII. Pius X elected Pope. 1796 War again with England. 1797 Battle of Cape St. Vincent; defeat of the Spanish fleet, Feb. 14. 1800 Spain cedes Parma to France. 1801 Treaty with Portugal at Badajos. Treaty of Madrid with France. 1802. Treaty with England at Amiens. 1804 Renewed war with England. 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Oct. 21; total defeat of French and Spanish fleets by English, under Nelson. 1807 Invasion of Spain by the French. Treaty of Fountainebleau. 1808 Territory demanded by France. Spanish fortress seized. The French take Madrid. Charles IV. abdicates in favor of Napoleon, May 1. Massacre of 200 French in Madrid, May 2. Napoleon assembles the notables at Bayonne, May 25. Ferdinand VII. abdicates. Napoleon I. gives crown to his brother Joseph Bonaparte, who enters Madrid, July 12, but is driven out, July 29. The French defeated at Vimiera, Aug. 21, by the English. Battle of Logrono; defeat of the patriots. Battle of Durange; the French victorious. The French retake Madrid, and restore King Joseph Bonaparte, Dec. 2. Napoleon enters Madrid, Dec. 4. 1809 Battle of Corunna and death of Moore, Jan. 16. Surrender of Saragossa. Spain entered by Sir Arthur Wellesley, who crosses the Douro. Defeat of the French at Tulavera, July 28. Spanish defeated at Ocana, Nov. 12. Severe battle of Molinos del Rey, Dec. 21. 1810 Granada, Seville and Atsorga seized by the French. Capture. of Ciudad-Rodrigo by Marshal Ney, July 10. 1811 Wellington defeats the French at Fuentes d'Onoro, May 6, and at Albuera, May 16. Tarragora taken by Suchet. King Joseph returns to Madrid. Spanish defeated by Soult at Lorca. 1812 Wellington victorious at Ciudad-Rodrigo, Jan. 19. Badajoz stormed and carried, April 6. Defeat of the French at Salamanca, July 22. 1813 English, under Wellington, occupy Madrid. English successful at Castella, April 13; Vittoria, June 21, and Pyrenees, July 28. The French driven out of Spain, Wellington crossing the Bidasoa and follows them into France. 1814 Ferdinand VII. restored. 1817 The slave trade abolished for a compensation. 1820 Revolution under Nunez del Riego begins in January. Ferdinand swears to the constitution of the Cortes. 1823 The Cortes remove the king to Seville, and thence to Cadiz, March. "Intervention. of France in behalf of the king. French army enters Spain, April 7. Cadiz invested, June 25. Battle of the Trocadero, Aug. 31. Rebels defeated and the revolution crushed. The king, again restored. Execution of Riego and the patriot leaders. 1828 The French evacuate Cadiz. 1829 Cadiz proclaimed a free port. 1830 The Salique law abolished. 1883 Death of Ferdinand VII.; his queen assumes the government as Regent during the minority of her daughter, Isabella II. Don Carlos claims the throne. 1834 The Quadruple Treaty of France, England, Spain and Portugal guarantees the right of Queen Isabella to the throne. Don Carlos enters Spain and claims the crown. Beginning of the Carlist war. 1836 Defeat of Carlists at battle of Bilbao. 1837 Dissolution of monasteries. 1839 Success of the government forces. Don Carlos takes refuge in England. 1840 Espartero, commander of the royal forces, becomes the real ruler of Siain. The Queen Regent Christina abdicates and leaves Spain. Espartero expels the Papal Nuncio. 1841 Espartero declared, by the Cortes, Regent during the young Queen's minori ty. Insurrection in favor of Christina quelled. 1842 Insurrection at Barcelona against Espartero; he bombards the city, Dec. 3, and receives its surrender, Dec. 4. 1843 Uprising against Espartero at Barcelona, Corunna, Seville and other points. Bombardment of Seville, July 21. Defeat of Espartero. 1845 Don Carlos assigns his claims to his son. Isabella II., 13 years old, is declared, by the Cortes, to be of age. Narvaez, a friend of Queen Christina, is made commander of the army. 1846 Marriage of Queen Isabella to her cousin, Don Francisco d' Assiz, Duke of Cadiz. Marriage of the Infanta to the Duke de Montpensier, son of the King of France. Protest of England against these marriages. 1847 Attempt by La Riva to assassinate the Queen. Espartero restored to power. 1848 The British Envoy ordered to quit Madrid within 48 hours. 1850 Birth of the Queen's first child; it dies immediately. Attempt of Lopez to wrest Cuba from Spain. 1851 Opening of the Madrid-Aranjuez railway. 1852 Merino, a Franciscan monk, attempts to kill the Queen, and slightly wounds her with a dagger. 1853 Narvaez exiled to Vienna. 1854 Espartero organizes a military insurrection at Saragossa and succeeds in making himself prime minister. The queen-mother impeached, and com. polled to quit Spain. 1855 Death of Don Carlos. 1856 Insurrection at Valencia. Espartero resigns. A new cabinet formed, headed by Marshal O'Donnell. Insurrection in Madrid quelled by the government. Disbandment of the national guard. Insurrection at Barcelona and Saragossa quelled by O'Donnell, as Dictator. O'Donnell forced to resign. Navaez is made prime minister. 1857 Birth of the prince royal. 1859 War with Morocco. O'Donnell commands the army in Africa. 1860 Moors defeated at Tetuan and Guadelras. Treaty of peace signed, March 26. Unsuccessful efforts of Ortega to overthrow the Queen and make the Count de Montemolin king, as Charles VI. Ortega shot, April 19. The Emperor Napoleon III. proposes to recognize Spain as a first-class power. The project abandoned, owing to the refusal of England. 1861 The annexation of St. Domingo to Spain ratified. Spain joins England and France in the Mexican expedition. 1863 Don Juan de Bourbon renounces his. right to the throne. O'Donnell resigns the premiership. Insurrection in St. Domingo. 1864 Spanish quarrels with Peru. General Prim exiled for conspiracy. 1864 Narvaez again becomes prime minister. He advises the relinquishment of St. Domingo; Queen Isabella refuses. Christina returns to Spain. 1865 Peace with Peru, which is compelled to pay a heavy indemnity. Queen Isabella. orders the sale of the crown lands, and gives three-fourths to the nation. Spain relinquishes St. Domingo. Quarrel with Chili, followed by war. Kingdom of Italy recognized by Spain; insurrection, headed by General Prim. 1866 General Prim lays down his arms, and insurgents enter Portugal. O'Donnell resigns, and Narvaez forms a new ministry. The Cortes dismissed by the Queen. Spain formally recognizes and forms a treaty with the republics of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Costa Rica and Nicarauga. 1867 Revolt in Catalonia and Aragon suppressed. 1868 The Queen grants general amnesty. Death of Narvaez. Murrillo becomes prime minister. Revolution led by Prim and Serrano, Sept. 17; revolution successful, and ministry resigns. Queen Isabella takes refuge in France, and is deposed. Provisional government organized at Madrid, by Prim, Serrano and Olozaga, Oct. 8. Religious freedom, liberty of the press, and universal suffrage granted by new government, Oct. 26. Revolts at different points suppressed. The United States government recognizes the provisional government. 1869 Efforts to find a king for Spain. Serrano elected Regent, June 15. Prim becomes prime minister. Outbreaks of the Carlists and republicans suppressed. 1870 Espartero declines the Spanish crown. Isabella abdicates in favor of her son Alfonso; it is offered to Prince Leopold, of Germany, who refuses it. Amadeus, son of the King of Italy, elected king by the Cortes, Nov. 16. Amadeus lands at Carthagena, Dec. 30. Marshal Prim assassinated, Dec. 29. 1871 Amadeus enters Madrid, Jan. 2. Serrano forms a new ministry, Jan. 5. The Cortes dissolved, Nov. 25. Insurrection in Cuba. 1872 Resignation of the ministry. Carlist war begins. Serrano enters Navarre; defeats the Carlists at Oroquita. Attempt to assassinate the King and Queen, July 19. Suppression of Carlist and republican uprisings. 1873 Abdication of King Amadeus. Republic proclaimed. Defeat of the Carlists at various points. Don Carlos enters Spain, July 13. Cadiz surrenders to him, July 31. Castelar President of the Cortes. The "Virginius" affair. 1874 Coup d'Etat. Marshal Serrano President and Commander of the army. Overthrow of the republic. Alfonso XIII. proclaimed king by troops, Dec. 30. 875 King Alfonso lands at Barcelona, Jan. 9. Vittoria taken from Carlists, July 9. 3876 Surrender of Bilbao, Feb. 5. Defeat of Carlists at Durango, and surrender at Pamplona, Feb. 26. Don Carlos flees to France. Triumphal entry of Alfonso into Madrid. 1877 Extradition treaty with the United States. General amnesty to Carlists. Queen Isabella visits Spain. 1878 Marriage of King Alfonso to Mercedes, daughter of the Duc de Montpensier, Jan. 23. Death of Queen Mercedes, June 26. Attempted assassination of Alfonso, Oct. 25. 1879 Inundations in Seville, Granada and elsewhere. Alfonso marries the Archduchess Maria Christina, of Austria, Nov. 29. Attempted assassination of king and queen, Dec. 30. 1880 Law for gradual abolition of slavery in Cuba, Feb. 18. Execution of the assassin Otero, April 14. 1881 Expulsion of Don Carlos from France, July 17. 1882 France-Spanish commercial treaty approved by the Cortes, April 23. Introduction of a bill to abolish slavery in Cuba, June 10. Heavy snow storm at Madrid, Dec. 10. 1883 Marriage of Infanta della Paz to Prince Louis, of Bavaria, April 2. King Alfonso visits Frankfort to witness German military maneuvers, Sept. 20. King Alfonso appointed commander of the Schleswig-Holstein Uhlan regiment by German Emperor, Sept. 23. Return of Alfonso to Madrid, Oct. 2. Resignation of Spanish ministry, Oct. 11. Hervera becomes Prime Minister. 1884 Severe earthquakes in Spain; over 1,000 lives lost, Dec. 25-28. 1885 Resignation of the ministry, in consequence of the determination of the king to visit cholera-stricken districts, June 20. Terrible ravages ol cholera in Valencia and other points. Spain greatly excited over the occupation of the Caroline Islands by Germany. Announcement that of 223,546 persons attacked by cholera 82,619 had died, Aug. 31. 1886 Alfonso XIII. King, with Maria Christina as Regent, May 17. 1891 Reciprocity between Cuba and the United States, May. 1893 Riotous demonstrations of Republicans suppressed by the police. Cargo of dynamite explodes at Santander, killing and wounding several hundreds of people. 1895 Cuban patriots rise again in arms to free their native land. Marshal Campos sent with a large army to suppress the insurrection. 1906 King Alphonso Married. 1907 Heir to Throne born. FRANCE. 1769 Beginning of the power of Madame du Barry. 1770 The Dauphine marries Marie Antoinette, of Austria. 1774 Death of Louis XV.; accession of Louis XVI. 1776 Dismissal of Turgot from office. 1777 Necker becomes Minister of Finance. 1781 Necker resigns as Minister of Finance. The torture abolished in legal proceedings. 1783 Treaty of Versailles; peace with England and Spain. 1785 "Diamond necklace affair" occasions intense excitement. 1787 Meeting of the Assembly of Notables; controversy over taxes. 1788 The Second Assembly of Notables. Reappointment of Necker. 1789 Meeting of the States-General, May 5. The Deputies of the Tiers Etat organize themselves as the National Assembly, June 1.. B I 1789 Destruction of the Bastile, July 14. 1789 Destruction of the Bastile, July 14. The beginning of the French revolution. The king and queen compelled by a mob, at Versailles, to go to Paris, Oct. 6. 'The National Assembly meets at Paris, Oct. 9. The National Assembly*change the royal title to "King of the French," Oct. 16. Clerical property confiscated. The division of France into 83 departments, Dec. 22. 1790 King Louis accepts the work of the revolution, Feb. 4. Titles of honor and hereditary nobility abolished. Confederation of the Champs de Mars; the King takes the oath to the constitution, July 14. 1791 Flight of the king and queen from Paris, June 20. Imprisonment of the king and queen in the Tuileries; they are arrested at Varennes, June 21. Louis sanctions the National constitution Sept. 15. Dissolution of the National Assembly, Sept. 29. 1792 First coalition against France. Commencement of the great wars. War with Austria declared April 20. Battle of Valmy; the Prussians defeated, and France saved from invasion, Sept. 20. Attack and capture of the Tuileries by a mob; the royal family imprisoned in the Temple, Aug. 10. Massacre in the prisons of Paris, Sept. 2-5. Opening of the National Convention, Sept. 17. The Convention abolishes royalty. Sept. 21. Meeting of the Legislative Assembly, Oct. 1. France declared a republic, Sept. 22. Trial and condemnation of King Louis, Nov. 12 to Dec. 13. 1793 Louis XVI. beheaded, Jan. 21. War against England, Spain and Holland, declared Feb. 1. Insurrection in La Vendee begins, March. Proscription of the Girondists. Robespierre becomes Dictator March 25. Beginning of the Reign of Terror, May 31. Charlotte Corday assassinates Marat, July 13. Execution of Marie Antoinette, Oct. 16. Siege of Toulon; first victory of Bonaparte. The Duke of Orleans, Phillipe Egalite, beheaded, Nov. 6. Madame Roland executed, Nov. 8. Vendee revolt suppressed, Dec. 12. 1794 Danton and others guillotined, April 5. Elizabeth, sister of Louis XVI., executed. Robespierre becomes president, June. Fall of Robespierre, July 27. Robespierre, St. Just and seventy others guillotined, July 28. Close of the Reign of Terror. 1795 The Dauphin (Louis XVII) dies in prison. Napoleon suppresses rebellion of royalists Oct. 5. The Directory established Nov. 1. 1796 Bonaparte wins the victories of Montenotte, April 12; Mondivi, April 22, and Lodi, May 10. Attehkirchen, June 1. Radstadt, July 5, in Italy. The conspiracy of Baboeuf suppressed. 1797 Pichegru's conspiracy fails." Return of Napoleon into Paris. Bonaparte's Egyptian expedition embarks. Battle of the Pyramid, July 13-21. Destruction of the French fleet, near Alexandria, by Nelson, Aug. 1. 1799 England, Germany, Russia, Turkey, Portugal and Naples coalesce against Napoleon, June 22. Bonaparte returns from Egypt; deposes the Council of Five Hundred, Nov, 10, and Napoleon is declared First Consul Dec. 13. 1800 Battle of Marengo, June 14. Great victory by Bonaparte over the Austrians. Attempt to kill the Consul by means of an infernal machine, Dec. 24. 1801 Treaty with Germany. The Rhine made the French boundary. Peace with Russia, Oct. 8, and with Turkey, Oct. 9. 1802 Defeat of the French at Aboukin, March 8. Peace with England, Spain and Holland signed at Amiens, March 27. Legion of Honor instituted. Bonaparte made "Consul for Life," Aug. 2. 1803 Bank of France established. War with England declared; May 22. 1804 Conspiracy of Moreau and Pichegru against Bonaparte fails. Execution of the Duke d'Enghien, March 21. The empire formed and Napoleon proclaimed Emperor, May 18. Crowned by the Pope, Dec. 30. 1805 Napoleon crowned King of Italy, May 26. Destruction of the French fleet, Oct. 21, by Nelson at the battle of Trafalgar. Battle of Austerlitz. Austria totally defeated, Dec. 2. Treaty of Presburg, Dec. 26. 1806 Confederation of the Rhine ratified at Paris, July 12. Fourth coalition of the Great Powers against France; Prussia declares war, Oct. 8. Defeat of the Prussians at Jena, Oct. 14. Capture of Erfurt by the French, Oct. 15. 1807 Russians defeated at battle of Eylau, Feb. 8. Alexander and Napoleon meet at Tilsit, June 26. Treaty of peace signed, July 7. The Milan decree published, Dec. 17. 1808 New nobility of France created. The beginning of the Peninsular war. Abdication of Charles IV. of Spain. 1809 Napoleon defeated at Aspern and Essling. Victorious at Wagram. Entry of Napoleon into Vienna, May. Treaty of Vienna, Oct. 14. Divorce of the Empress Josephine, Dec. 15. 1810 Napoleon marries Maria Louise of Austria, April 1. Union of Holland with France. 1811 Birth of the King of Rome, afterward Napoleon II. 1812 War declared with Russia. Napoleon invades Russia. Great victory of the French at Borodino, Sept. 7. Disastrous retreat of the French from Moscow, October. 1813 The Concordat treaty with the Pope. Alliance of Austria, Russia and Prussia against Napoleon, March 16. Battle of Leipzig. Napoleon defeated, Oct. 16-18. The Allies invade France from the Rhine; the English from Spain, under Wellington, Oct. 7. 1814 Surrender of Paris to the Allies, Maroh 30. Abdication of Napoleon I. in favor of his son, Napoleon II., April 5. Napoleon goes to the Island of Elba, May 3. Louis XVIII. enters Paris, May 3. The Bourbon dynasty restored. The Constitutional Charter established, June 4-10. 1815 Napoleon leaves Elba and lands at Cannes, March 1, and proceeds to Paris, where he is joined by all the army. Louis XVIII. leaves Paris; reateratlm of the empire. The Allies form a league for his destruetion, March 25. 1767 1771 1775 1777 1783 1794 SPAIN. Jesuits expelled from the kingdom. Falkland Islands ceded to England. War with Portugal resumed. War with England renewed. France and Spain besiege Gibraltar. England cedes Balsaric Isles to Spain at peace of Versailles. French invade Spain. I I I 'h-,r O-pn.0".00 mom ef \uopyrig1511L, ivUo, o~y kJTCUL). ^.1-. /igiu "a %.;v.

Page  XVII 14 I r 0 SUPPLEMENT XVII. ANCIENT. MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY I5 Napoleon abolishes the slave trade, March 29. Leaves Par-is for the army, June 12. He invades Belgium, June 15. Final overthrow of Napoleon at battle of Waterloo, June 18. Napoleon reaches Parts, June 20, Abdicates in favor of his son, June 22. He reaches Rocniefort, where he intends to embair~r for America, July 3. Entry of Louis XVIII. into Paris July 3. Napoleon goes on board- the "Bellerophon." and claims the "hospitality" of England, July 15. Upon reaching England he is transferred to the "Northumberland," and sent a prisoner to St. Helena, Aug. 8, where he arrives Oct. 15. Execution of Marshal. Ney, Dec. 7. 1816 The family of Napoleon forever excluded from the throne of France. 1820 Assassination of the Duke de Berri, Feb. 13. 1821 Death of Napoleon 1. at St. Helena, May 5. 1824 Death of Louis XVIIIo, Sept. 16. Charles X. becomes king. 1827 National Guard disbanded. War with Algiers. Serious riots in Paris. Seventy-six new peers created. 1829 The Folignac administration organized. 2830 Chamber of Deputies dissolved, May 16. Capture of Algiers by the French, July 5. Revolution and barricade of streets in Paris, July 27. Flight and abdication of Charles X., July 31. Unpopular ordinances passed regarding the election of deputies and the press, July 2,6. C Duke of Orleans becomes King Louis Phillipe 1. Polignac and the ministers of Charles X. sentenced to perpetual imprisonment. SGreat riots in Paris, Feb. 14 and 15. The hereditary peerage abolished. M? Insurrection in Paris suppressed. Death of Napoleon II., Duke of Reichstadt, July 22. Attempted assassination of the, King, Dec. 27,:1834 Death of Lafayette, Mlay 20. 1835 Fieschi attempts, with an infernal machine, to kill the King, July 28, and is executed,!ýeb. 6, 1836.. 2836 Louis Alibaud fires at the king, June 25; is guillotined, July 11. Death of Charles X., Nov. 6. 'Prince Louis Napoleon attempts an insurrection at Strasbourg, Oct. 30; is banished to America, Nov. 13. The ministers of Charles X. set at liberty and sent out of France. Meunier attempts to kill the king. 1838 Death of Tallyrand, May 14. War with Mexico. 2839 Insurrections in Paris. 1840 M., Thiers becomes Prime Minister. Prince Louis Napoleon, General Month.Ton, and others, attempt an insurrection at Boulogne, Aug. 6. ) Prince Louis Napoleon sentenced to imprisonment for life, and confined in the castle of.Ham, Oct. 6. Darmes attempts 'to shoot the king, Oct. 15. Removal of the remains of t~he Emperor Napoleon I. -from St. Helena to Paris, Dec. 15. 1842 The Duke of Orleans, the heir to the throne, dies from the effect of -a fall, July 13. 1843 Queen Victoria, of England, visits the royal family at the Chateau d' Eu. Extradition treaty with England. I Lecompte attempts to aszassinDate the king at Fontainebleau, Apri1l 16. L~ouis Napoleon escapes from Ham, May 92;_ S Archbishop of Paris.Surrender of the insurgents. June 26. Gen. Cavaignac at the head of the government, June 28. Louis Napoleon takes his seat in the Assembly, Sept. 26. The Constitution of the republic solemnly proclaimed, Nov. 12. Louis Napoleon elected president of the French Republic, Dec. 11. He takes the oath of office.. Dec. 20. 1 Death of Louis Philippe, at Claremont., in England, Aug. 26. Freedom of the press curtailed. I= Ellectric telegraph between England and France opened. The Coup d'Etat. Napoleon dissolves the Assembly and proclaims universal suffrage. Calls for an election of President for ten years. ]Declares Paris in a state of siege. Arrest of the prime minister, Thiers, and 180 members of the Assembly. The President crushes the opposition. with great loss of life, Dec. 3, 4. Tlhe Coup d'Etat sustained by the people at the polls, and Louis Napoleon reelected President for ten years, Dec. 21, 22; affirmative votes, 7,473,431; negativep 644,351. SPresident Louis Napoleon occupies the Tuileries, Jan. 1. The new constitution published, Jan. 14. B3anishment of 83 members of the Assembly, and transportation of nearly WO0 persons for resisting coup d'etat. Te property of the Orleans family confiscated. The birthday of Napoleon I., Aug. 15,, declared the only national holiday. Qrganization of the Legislative Chambers, the Senate and -Corps Legislatif, March 29. TJhe President visits Strasbourg. U. Thiers and the exiles permitted to return to France, Aug. 8. The Senate petitions the President for "6the re-establishment of the hereditary sovereign power in the Bonaparte family," Sept. 13. The President visits the Southern and Western Departments, September and October; at Bordeaux utters his famous expression, "The Empire is Peace." The President releases Abd-el-Kader, Oct. 16. Measures for the re-establishment of the empire inaugurated, October and*November. The empire re-established by the popular vote, Nov. 21; yeas, 7,839,552; nays, 254,501; the President declared Emperor, and assumes the title of Napoleon IIl., Dec. 2. SNapoleon marries Eugenie de Montigo, Countess of Teba, Jan. 29. The Emperor releases 4,312 political offenders, Feb. 2. 'Bread riots in Paris, and other cities. 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 "1I861 1863 1864 1865 1867 1868 Death of F. Arago, the astronomer. Oct. 2. Attempt to assassinate the Emperor. Beginning of the Crimean war. Treaty of Constantinople, March 12. War declared with Russia, March 27. Emperor and Empress visit England,, April. Industrial exhibition opened at Paris, May 15, Pianori attempts-to assassinate the Emperor, April 28. Bellemarre attempts to assassinate the Emperor-, Sept. 8. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visit Francep August. Birth of the Prince Imlperial, March 16. Clo~se of the Crimean war., and the treaty of Paris,' March 30. Terrible inundations in the Southern Departments. The Archbishop of Paris (SiL-ar) assassinated by a priest named Merger, June 3. Conference on Neuchatel difficulty, March 15. Conspiracy to assassinate the Emperor detected, July 11. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to England. Death of Gen. Cavaignac, Oct. 28. The Emperor Napoleon meets the Emperor of Russia, at Stuttgart, Sept. 25. Orsini and others attempt to kill the Emperor by the explosion of three shells; two persons killed and several wounded, Jan. 24. Passage of the Public Safety Bill. Trial of the Count de Montalembert. The Empire divided into five military departments. Republican outbreak at Chalons crushed. Orsini and Pietri executed for attempting to assassinate the Emperor. Visit of the Queen of England to Cherbourg. Conference, at Paris, respecting the condition of the Danubian principalities. France declares war against Austria, and sends an army to the aid of Italy, May. The Empress declared Regent. The Emperor takes command of the army in Italy. Arrives at Genoa, May 12. Battles of Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May 30, 31; Magenta, June 4; Malegnano, June 8, and Solferino, June 24; the allies victorious in each. Armistice arranged, July 6. Meeting of the Emperors of France and Austria, at Villa Franca, July 11. Preliminary peace effected, July 12. The Emperor Napoleon returns to France, July 17. Peace Conference meets at Zurich, for arra 'ngemer~t of treaty between France and Sardinia and Austria. Peace signed, Nov. 12. France adopts a free trade policy. Commercial treaty with England signed Jan. 23. Annexation of Savoy and Nice to France. Meeting of the Emperor with the German sovereigns at Baden, June 15-17. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to.Savoy, Corsica, and Algiers. The public ýevying of Peter's oence forbidden, and restrictions placed upon1 the issuing of pastoral lettp.rSNapoleon rmakies concessions to the Chambers in favor of freedom of speech. The Pope advised by the Emperor to give up his temporal possessions. The principality of Monaco purchased for 4,000,000 francs by France. Troubles with the church about the Roman question. Sardinian Boundary treaty, March 7. The British and Spanish forces withdraw from the Mexican expedition. War declared against Mexico. Peace effected with Annam. New commercial treaty with Prussia, Aug. 2. Great distress in the manufacturing districts in consequence of the civil war in the United States. Commercial treaty with Italy. Convention with Spain for the rectification of the frontier. Growing power of the opposition in the Chambers and throughout the country. The elections result in the choice of many opposition deputies, including Thiers, Favre, Ollivier and others. Napoleon proposes a European Conference for the settlement of the questions of the day, Nov. 9. England declines to join the proposed Conference, Nov. 25. The French army conquer Mexico and occupy the capital. Treaty between France and Japan. Commercial treaty with Switzerland. Convention with Italy respecting the evacuation of Rome. Sept. 15. Establishment of the Mexican empire, with Maximilian, of Austria,, as Emperor. Death of Marshal Pelissier, Duke ot Malakoff. The clergy prohibited from reading the Pope's Encyclical in the churches. Treaty with Sweden signed. The plan of Minister Duruy, for compulsory education, rejected by the AsseMbly. Death of the Duke de Morny. Visit of the Emperor to Algeria. The English fleet visits Cherbourg and] Brest. The French fleet visits Portsmouth. The Queen of Spain visits the Emperor at Biarritz. Students' riot in Paris. Napoleon expresses his detestation he treaties of 1815, May 6. Proposed peace conference In conju. - tion with England and Russia for the settlement of the troubles between Prussia, Italy and Austria. Austria refuses to join in it. France declares a "Watchful Neutrality"* as to the German-Italian war. Napoleon demands of Prussia a cession of a part of the Rhine provinces. His demand is refused. -lustria cedes Venetia to France, who transfers it to Italy. The French occupation of Rome terminated, Dec. 11. Congress ot Paris on Roumanian affairs. Settlement of the Luxemburg question by the London Conference. The great international exposition at Paris opened April 1. Visit of many crowned heads. Attempted assassination,I the Czar of Russia, June 6. Riots in Bordeaux and Paris, in March and June. 101. 1868 Treaties with Italy, Prussia and Mecklenburg signed. 1869 Serious election riots in Paris. Great radical successes in the elections. The Emperor makes new concessions in favor of the constitutional government. Celebration of the one hundredth birthday of Napoleon the Great. Death of Lamartine, Feb. 28. Resignation of ministry, Dec. 27. 1870 Victor Noir shot by Prince Pierre Bona. parte, Jan. 10. Great riots in Paris, Feb. 8, 9. Discovery of plots against the Emperor's life. Trial- and acquittal of Prince Pierre Bonaparte. The Plebiscitum on change of Constitution* affirmative vote secured for Plebiscite, May 8. Nomination of Prince Leopold for Spanish throne creates warlike feeling. Prince Leopold withdraws. Refusal of Prussia to give guarantees to France. War with Prussia declared, July 15. English mediation refused, July 20. Prussians blow up bridge of Kehl. The Emperor takes command of the ar'my. Severe and undecisive engagement at Saarbuck, Aug. 2-4. Defeat of the Fre-nch at Woerth and Forbach, Aug. 6. Strasburg invested, Aug. 10. Battle of Courcelles, Aug. 14. Decisive victory at Gravelotte, Aug. 18. Bazaine's army shut up in Metz, Aug. 24. Repulse of Germans at'Verdun, Aug. 2.5. Great victory of Prussians at battle of Sedan, Sept. 1. The Emperor Napoleon and the French army made prisoners of war, Sept. 2. Revolution in Paris, and fall of the Empire. Flight of the Empress Eugenie, Sept. 7. The Republic proclaimed in Paris, and the Provisional Government organized, Sept. 7. Paris invested by the Prussians, Sept. 19. Strasburg surrendered, Sept. 27. Metz and French army, under Bazaine, surrender, Oct. 27. Defeat of the.French army of the North, Dec. 23. 1871 Rocroy capitulates, Jan. 6. Alencon surrendered, Jan. 17. Paris bombarded by the Prussians. King William of Prussia proclaimed Emperor of Germany, at Versailles, Jan. 18. The armistice and peace signed, Feb. 27. France agrees to give up Alsace, a fifth of Lorraine, with Metz and Thionville, and to pay five milliards of francs. Meeting of the Assembly at Bordeaux. Formation of a provisional government. Prussians enter France, March 1. Peace with Germany. Revolt of the Commune, March 18. The second sie~e and capture of Paris, March 28. Thiers elected President of the Third ReDublic. 1872 Reorganization of the government in France. A large part of the war indemnity paid. Death of the Duke de Persigny, Jan. 12.1 Commercial treaty with Belgium and England abrogated, Feb. 2. 1873 Death of Napoleon III., at Chiselhurst, England, Jan. 9. New treaty of evacuation signed with Germany, March 15. M. Thiers resigns the presidency, May 24. Marshal MacMahon chosen President of the Republic, May 25. War- indemnity paid in full, Sept. 5. Ge.-rmans avacuate Ve~rdun, Sept. 15 - Jan. 2. M. Jules Grevy elected President by the Senate, Jan. 30. Gambetta becomes President of the Chamber. Waddington forms a new ministry. Communist amnesty bill passed, Feb. 21. Bill to abolish Jesuit colleges introduced by M. Ferry. Prince Louis Napoleon killed in Zululand, Africa, June 1. M. De Freycinet forms new ministry.. to succeed Waddington's, Dec. 21. 1880 Rejection of educational bills of M. Ferry, March 9. Jesuit, and other orders, dissolved b.v national decree. General amnesty bill passed, July 3., New ministry formed by Jules Ferrys Sept. 20. 188M Elections favorable to the government. $200,000,000 loan taken up three times over. France invades Tunis, and treaty with Bey signed, May 12, by which the republic gains virtual Suzerainty. Ratification by Senate, May 23. Great excitement produced In Italy. Gambetta enthusiastically received at Cahors, May 25. Rejection of semtin de liste, May 9. Gambetta premier on resignation of Perry's cabinet. 1882 Resignation of Gambetta's ministry,, Jan. 30. Freycinet Prime Minister; resigns, July 29. Rejection of vote of credit to protect Suez Canal. Disastrous floods in France,' Aug. 6. Duclerc succeeds in forming a new mInistry,, Aug. 7. Death of Louis Blanc, aged 71, Dec. 6. Death of Leon Gambetta, aged 42, Dec. 24. 1W Arrest of Prince Napoleon charged with sedition, Jan. 16; released, Feb. 9. Resignation of the Duclerc ministry. M. Faillieres Prime Minister, Jan. 29. Death of Gustave Dore, aged 50, Jan. 23. Passage of the expulsion bill, Feb. 1. Jules Ferry forms a new ministry,, Feb. 21. Commencement of hostilities with Madagascar; bombardment of Majunga, May 16; bombardment of Tamatave, Madagascar, June 13. Blockade of Tonquin by French fleet, September.." Apology offered by President Grevy to King Alfonso. Sept. 30. Gen. Thibaudin resigns office of Minister of War, Oct. 5. 1884 Treaty between France and China signed, May 11. France commences hostilities by bombardment and capture of Kelung, Aug. 6. Serious outbreak of cholera at Toulon. 1885 Langson, China, captured by the French, Feb. 12. Peace concluded with China, April 6, and treaty signed of Tientsin, June 9. 1885 Death of Victor Hugo, aged 83, March 22. 1887 Burning of the Theatre. Comique, 100 lives lost, May 25. Fall of President Grevy, Dec. 2. M. Sadi Carnot elected President, Dec. 3. 1888 Remains of Napoleon III. and the Prince Imperial removed to Farmsborough. 1889 Centennial of French revolution celebrated, May 5. Paris Exposition opened, May 6. 1890 Cabinet, with M. de Freycinet, March 16. 1891 Russia bestows decoration on Pres. Carnot, March. 1893 Panama Canal frauds exposed, many prominent men imprisoned. Court of Cassation quashed the sentence of the Panama Canal swindlers, and all released from jail, except Chas. de Lesseps.. France gives-Siam an ultimatum, which was accepted, June 29. Marshal McMahon, ex-president, died, Oct. 17. 1894 President Sadi Carnot assassinated at Lyons by an anarchist. Casimir-Perfer elected president, but resigned shoitly after and was succeeded by Felix Faure. 1895 French arm3 succeeds in capturing Madagascar. 1899 Dreyfus case c,cotes great excitement. Capt. Dreyfus -pardoned, Sept. 10. Emile Loubet elected President, Feb. 18. 1900 Theatre Francois, Paris, burned, March 8. 1901 Santos-Dumont wins prize for steerable balloon, N,)V. Austria-Hungary. 1772 Austria acquir( ) Galicia, and other provinces, from F --land. 1785 Vassalage abolished in Hungary. 1792 War with France begins. 1793 The Austrians victorious at the battles of Nee~winden and Quesnoy. 1795 The Austrians defeated at the battle of Loano. 1796 Disastrous defeats sustained against Bonaparte at Montenotte, Lodi, Badstadt, Roseredo, and elsewhere. 1797 Treaty of Campo Formio. The Emperor surrenders Lombardy to Napoleon, and obtains Venice. 1799 Additional defeats at Zurich and Bergen. 1800 Defeat of Austrians by the French at the battles of Engen, May 3;, Montebello, June 9; Marengo, June 14; Hochstadt, June 19; Hohenlinden, Dec. 3; and Mincio-. 1801 Treaty of Luneville; loss of more Austrian territory. 1804 Francis II. of Germany becomes Francis I. of Austria. 1805 War; with France declared by Francis. General Ney defeats Austrians at Elchingen and Ulm. Capture of Vienn;? by Napoleon. Battle of Austerlitz. Complete defeat of _Austrians and Russians. 1805 Treaty of Presburg. Austria surrenders the Tyrol and Venice. The French evacuate Vienna. The Germanic Confederation dissolved. The Austrian King abdicates. 1809 Battle of Ahensberg; defeat of Austrians. Second capture of Vienna, by the French; the city restored Oct. 24. 1810 Marriage of the Archduchess Maria Louise, daughter of Francis II., to Napoleon I., April 1. 3-814 Downfall of Napoleon. Congress of Sovereigns at Vienna. 1815 Treaty of Vienna. Austria regains her Italian provinces, with additions. The Lombardo-Venetian kingdom estab 189 vor of his nephew, Francis Joseph. 189Sardinia forced to make peace. Constitution granted. Hungary declares independence, April 14. Kossuth proclaimed Governor. Total defeat of Hungarians at Szegeden. The revolution in Hungary suppressed, after a severe struggle. Count Bathyany executed. 1850 Convention of Olmutz. 1851 The Emperor revokes the Constitution of 1849. 1859 rTr'-,t by jury abolished in the Empire. 1/5 Libenyl attempts to assassinate the Emperor. Commercial treaty with Prussia. 1854 The Austrians enter the Danubian principalities. 1856 Amnesty granted to the Hungarian political offenders of 1848, '49, by the Emperor. 1857 Quarrel with Sardinia, and diplomatic relations suspended. The Danubian provinces evacuated. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to Hungary. 1859 War with France and Sardinia. Austrians cross the Ticino and enter Piedmont. Austrians defeated at Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May 30, 31. Napoleon III. declares war with Austria, May 31. Battles of Magenta, June 4; Melegnano, June 8, and Solferino, June 24, in all of which Austria suffers defeat. Death of Prince Metternich. Armistice between the Austrians and the allies agreed upon, July 6. Meeting of the Emperors of France and Austria, July 11. Peace of Villa Franca, July 12. Austria surrenders Lombardy to Sardinia. Further troubles in Hungary; fears of a revolution. The Emperor grants increased privileges to the Protestants. Treaty of Zurich, Nov. 10; permanent peace with France and Sardinia. 1860 The Emperor removes the disabilities of the Jews. The meeting of the Reichsrath, the great imperial council or diet, May 31. Austria protests against the annexation of the Italian duchies by the King of Sardinia. The liberty of the press further retained; renewed troubles in Hungary. The Reichsrath granted legislative powers, the control of the finances, etc. 1861 Amnesty granted for political offences in Hungary, Croatia, etc. Great disaffection throughout the Empire caused by the reactionary policy of the court. The new Constitution for the Austrian monarchy published. Civil and political rights granted to Protestants throughout the Empire, except in Hungary and Venice. I 1861 No deputies present from Hungary, Cro. atia, Transylvania, Venice, or Istria. at meeting of the Reichsrath, April 29. The Hungarians demand the restoration of the Constitution of 1848. The new liberal Constitution for the empire fails to satisfy Hungary. Military levy taxes in Hungary. Entire independence refused Hungary by the Emperor, July 21. The Diet of Hungary protests, Aug. 20, and is dissolved, Aug. 21. The magistrates at Pesth resign. Military government established in Hungary, in December. "1862. Amnesty granted to Hungarian revolutionists. Cessation of prosecutions, Nov. 19. Ministry of Marine created. The principle of ministerial responsibility adopted in the imperial government. Great reduction of the army. A personal liberty (a kind of habeas corpus) bill passed. Serious inundations throughout the empire. 161'3 Unsuccessful insurrection in Poland. Transylvania accepts the constitution and sends deputies to the Reichsrath. German sovereigns meet at Frankfort. Federal Constitution reformed. 1864 -'alicia and Cracow declared in a state of siege. War with Denmark, about SchleswigHolstein; meeting of the Emperor with King of Prussia, June 22; peace with Denmark, Oct. 30. Austria supports the German Confederation in the dispute -respecting the duchies. 1865 Great financial difficulties in the empire; reforms resolved upon. Concessions made to I-ungary, and a more liberal manner of governing the empire introduced. Convention of Gastein with Prussia for the disposal of the Danish duchies. Austria -receives the temporary governmenti of Holstein, and the promise of 2,500,000 Danish dollars from Prussia. Rescript of the Emperor 'suppressing the Constitution for the purpose of granting independence to Hungary. The Emperor visits Pesth, Hungary. Dissatisfaction in the rest of the empire. 1866 Quarrel with Prussia, Bavaria, HesseCassel, Saxony, Hanover, Wurtemburg, Hesse-Darmstadt on the Holstein ques-- tion. Nassau and Frankfort allied with Aus: tria. The German-Italian war between Austria enters Silesia. The Italians defeated by the Arcbnduke Albrecht, June 24, at battle of Custova. The Prussians OCCUPY Saxony and Invade Bohemia. Defeat of the Austrians at battle of Nachos, June 27. Battle of Skalitz; decisive defeat of the Austrian army, under Benedek, at Sadowa, July 3. Venetia ceded to France, July 4, and intervention requested. Great victory by the Austrian fleet over the Italian fleet, at Lissa, July 20. An armistice agreed upon between Austria and Prussia, July 22; peace of Nicholsburg, Aug. 30. Hanover, Hesse-(.afsel, Nassau and Frankfort gained by Prussia. Austria retires from the German Cot_-. f ederation. Baron Von Beust made prime minister. The Emperor makes great concessions to Galicia. 1867 A new and very liberal Constitution for the empire adopted. Hungary constituted an independent Measures adopted looking to the representation of all the nationalities embraced in the empire. Austria recognizes new German Confederation. Old Catholic movement at Vienna. Rivalry between Slavonian conservatives and German constitutionalists; overthrow of Beust. 14 Andrassy appointed Minister of Foreignaffairs. 1872 Change in the Electoral. Law. Meeting of the Emperors at Berlin. 1873 Visit of the Emperor of Germany and King of Italy to Vienna. International ]hxhibition at Vienna, opened May 1. The federalists defeated in the elections. 1874 Reforms in the empire. Visit of the Emperor to Russia. Ecclesiastical laws of Austria condemned by the Pope. Death of Ferdinand--, ex-Emperor. 1875 Visit of the Emperor to Italy. Great financial crisis. Change in the bed of the Danube. 1876 New marriage law proclaimed. Austria takes a leading part in the eastern question. Neutrality declared in Servian war. 1877 Austria remains neutral in the Turkish war. 1878 Andrassy represents Austria In the Berlin Conference. Occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and war with the former. 1879 Resignation of Count Andrassy. 1881 The Archduke Rudolph marries the Princess Stephanie, Belgium. 1883 Raab, Hungary, inundated by the rising of the Danube; many lives lost, Jan. 9.,., 1884 Burning of the Stadt Theatre, Viennak May 16. 1885 Meeting of the Emperor and Czar of Russia at Kremsier, Aug. 25. Meeting of the Emperor with the Emperor of Germany at Gastein, Aug. 6. 1889 Crown-Prince suicides, Jan. 30. Emperor Francis Joseph visits Berlin, Aug. 12. 1890 The Rothschilds protest against the persecu%'1on of the Jews, May 11. 1891 Austro-Gurman new commercial treaty. April 2. 1904 Members -Iungarian House wreekedl Chamber in riot, Dec. 13. SCANDINAVIA, Moo' - Norway was united under Harold Haarfager about the end of the ninth century. Albert of Mecklenburg became king of Sweden. Margaret, the Semiramis of the North,, became Queen of Denmark. This great princess died in 1412. 11, 1365 1385 t o Copyright, 1905, by Geo. A. Ogle & (C0.

Page  XVIII SUPPLEMENT XVIII. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN MSTORY. IM Norway and Denmark became confederate kingdoms, under one ruler, and remained so until 1814. 1407 By the Treaty of Calmar, Sweden joined the confederacy or Scandinavian kingdom. 1448 Christian 1. of Oldenburg became king and added Schleswig and Holstein to the kingdom. 1520 Sweden revolted from the foreign yoke and under Gustavus Vasa, her future king, became independent in 1523. Gustavus Vasa died in 1560. 1523 Lutheran religion established in Denmark. 1537 Catholicism suppressed and church lands annexed to the crown. 1611 Gustavus Adolphus, The Lion King of the North and Bulwark of Protestantism in Germany, became king of Sweden. He was an important factor in the Thirty Years' War and was killed at thebattle of Lutzen in 1632. 1664 Charles XII. became king of Sweden, after engaging in successful war with Russia he was defeated by Peter the Great at Pultowa in 1709 and became a fugitive. 1-792 Gustavus III. assassinated and succeeded by Gustavus IV. The latter being insane,. was dethroned. 1809 Charles XIII. succeeded to the throne of Sweden. 1810 For want of a legitimate heir, Bernadotte, prince of Ponte Corvo, one of Napoleon's marshals, was elected crown prince of Sweden. 1814 Norway taken from Denmark and given to Sweden as indemnity for her losses in Finland by the allies, and Laurenberg was given to Denmark in exchange. 1818 Bernadotte ascended the throne of Sweden and Norway, where his descendants are still seated. 1863 Insurrection in Schleswig-Holstein and Laurenberg, assisted by Prussia and Austria, resulted in the loss of these provl * nces to Denmark. Christian IX. crowned king of Denmark. 1872 Oscar 11. ascended the throne of Sweden and Norway. 1893 Viking ship built at Christiana, Sweden, and sailed for the World's Fair. at Chicago, April 9. Dr. Nansen, the Arctic explorer, sailed from Christiana, June 24. 1765 1766 4769 1772 1788 1790 -1791 1792 1793 1795 1797 1801 1804 1805 1806 *l. 1807 'o 1808 1810 M2 1813 d IM4 1815 1817 1818 1819 '1832 1833 W4 1840 1844 1848 1849 GERMANY, Joseph Il. becomes Emperor. Lorraine ceded to France. Convention between Prussia and Austria. Germany shares in the partition of Poland. War with Turkey. Leopold II. becomes Emperor. Conference. between the Emperor and Frederick of Prussia. Accession of Francis II.- of Austria. Revolt in the Rhenish provinces. Prussians seize Dantzic and acquire Posen. Warsaw ceded toPrussia In the division of Poland. War with France. Accession of Frederick William III., of Prussia. Prussians seize Hanover. Treaty of Luneville; Germany loses the Netherlands, the Italian states and territories west of the Rhine. Francis Il. -renounces the title of Emperor of Germany, and assumes that of Emperor of Austria. Treaty of Vienna. Napoleon establishes the kingdoms of Wurtemburg and Bavaria. Dissolution of, the German Empire. Formation of the Confederation of the Rhine. Prussians seize Hanover. War declared against Napoleon, Sept. 24. Battles -of Auerstadt and Jena; French enter Berlin, Oct. 21. The kingdom of Westphalia established by Napoleon. Treaty of Tilsit between France and Prussia. Serfdom abolished in Prussia. North Germany annexed to France. An alliance concluded with Austria and Russia. The war of Liberation, against Napoleon, begins. The French evacuate Berlin, March 4. War declared against France, March 16. Silesia invaded by Napoleon, May SL Ney defeated by Blucher at Katzbach,, Aug. 16. Allies completely defeat Napoleon at Leipsic, Oct. 16. France invaded by the allies. Battles of Brienne, Creon, and Laon. Congress of Vienna. Final overthrow of Napoleon. Formation of the Germanic Confederation. Insurrection in Breslau put down. The Zollverein (commercial union) formed. Anti-revolutionary Congress of Carlsbad. Death of Goethe, German poet., Other Germaa states join the Zollverein. Thuringia and Saxony join the Zollverein. Accession of Frederick William IV., of Prussia. Attempted assassination of the Prussian King. Insurrection in Berlin, and revolutionary movements throughout Germany. German National Assembly meets In Frankfort. The German National Assembly elects the King of Prussia Emperor of Germany, March 28. lie declines the honor, and recalls the Prussian members of the AssemblY. Frankfort Assembly removes to Stutte gart. Austria protests against alliance of PTiWsia and smaller German States, 1850. Treaty between Bavaria,, Saxony and. Wurtemburg, Feb. 27. Parliament meets at Erfurt. rrl,.m 0-arrnn-n flonfnderation. meets at mark. Death of Frederick William IV.; acces. sion of William I. r4ationa-i Assembly meets at Reldelberg. Attempted assassination of the King. The National Assembly, at Berlin, de. clares in favor of unification. Bismarck becomes Prime Minister. 1863 The Lower House closed, for the second time, by William 1. German states, except Prussia, meet at Frankfort, and approve a planof federal reform. 1864 The quarrel with Denmark results in war with that kingdom. The Danes are defeated and forced to surrender the duchies. Peace restored, Oct. 30. 1865 The Gastein convention. It gives great offence to the German Diet. Prussia and Austria called upon to give up Holstein, which they refuse. 1866 War between Prussia and Austria, and their respbetive allies. Austria defeated. Saxony and Holstetn invaded by Prussia. Prussia makes peace with the several German states. North German Confederation formed,, Aug. 18. 1867 Formation of the new Zollverein Includes Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Baden, Hesse, Darmstadt, and Prussia. 1868 South German military commission appointed. 1870 France declares war against Germany. Munich, Stuttgart, and other cities, declare for union with North Germany. Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Hesse, Darmstadt and Baden support Prussia. Invasion of France by the Germans. Unparalleled success of the German troops. The Emperor, Napoleon III., and two French armies made prisoners by the Germans. North German Parliament opens at Berlin, Nov. 24. The German empire formed. The Imperial Crown offered to the King of Pru"ia, Dec. 10. 1871 King William I., of Prussia, proclaimed Emperor of Germany at Versailles. Prince Bismarck becomes Chancellor. Successful close of the French -war, The Germans occupy Paris, and deprive France of Alsace and Lorraine. Treaty of peace with France ratified, May 16. Triumphal entry of the victorious German army into Berlin, June 16. German Parliament opened by the Emperor, Oct. 16o 1872 The Jesuits expeldled from the empire, July 5. Meeting of the Emperors of Germany, Russia, and Austria, at Berlin, Sept. 6. Bismarck resigns the premiership of Prussia. 1873 National Liberals succeed in the elections. Troubles with the Roman Catholic church. Monetary reform law passed, June 23. Germany receives the last payment of the French indemnity, Sept. 5. 1874 Civil marriage bill passed. New military and press laws. Attempt to assassinate Prince Von Bismarck, July 13. Bismarck resigns Chancellorship, Dec. 1-6. Resignation withdrawn upon receiving a vote of confidence. 1875 The Imperial Bank bill adopted. Visit of the Emperor to Italy, Aug. 17. Government aid withdrawn from Catholic clergy. 1876 Germany takes part in the Eastern question. Visit of Queen Victoria to Berlin. Trouble with Roman Catholic church. Inundations in Prussia. The Czar of Russia visits Germany. 1877 Code of laws enacted March 21. Second resignation of Bismarck; resignation again withdrawn. 1878 Attempt to assassinate the Emperor Wil yield. "'New Liberal" party formed, Aug. 1M German Reichstag opened, Feb. 16. The Liberals successful in the October elections. U82 Imperial rescript of Jan. 4 asserts extreme rights of the Emperor, and slight constitutional restraints; rescript modified by explanation. Disastrous floods in Germany, Dec. 6. 1883 Grand celebration in Berlin upon the twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of the Crown Prince and Princess. The Emperor appoints. the Ki ng of Spain to the command of the Schleswig-Holstein Uhlan regiment, Sept. 27. - Death of William R. Wagner, German composer, aged 69, Feb. 13. M4 Conference of the Great Powers upon Egyptian finances, Aug. 2. Germany occupies the Caroline islands, Aug. 20. Death of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, aged 57, June 15. Convention between Prussia and Austria. IM Septennate army bill passed March 1L Ecclesiastical bill passed, April 27. UN Death of Emperor William, March 9. Frederick III. becomes Emperor, March Wilhelm II., Emperor, June 18. IM Samoan Agreement signed, June 14. WO Von Caprivi succeeds Bismarck as Chancellor, March 19. Heligoland transferred to Germany by England, Aug. 9. IM The Empress Friedrich visits Paris,, Feb. Rigid passport regulations enforced In Alsace Lorraine. Death of Gen. Von Moltke, April 24. 108 ftincess Margaret, sister of the Em.ý peror., weds Prince Charles Frederick of Hesse., Jan. 25. Unveiling of the statue of William 1. at Bremen. 18H Caprivi resigns the Chancellorship of the Empire and 'is succeeded by Prince von Hohenlohe. 1W Gra;nd celebration by German veterans of the twenty-fifth anniversaries of Gravelotte, Sedan, etc. CelebratiOD and naval demonstration at Kiel on account of the opening of the great canal connecting the Baltic with flae North Sea. 1898 Prince Bismarck dfed, July 30. 1905 Great coal strike, Jan. PRUSSIA, 1780 Death of Frederick the Great, Aug. 17. 1M War with France in consequence of the French revolution. Battle of Valmy, Sept. 20. Decisive defeat of the% Prussian army of invasion. 171013 Prussia seizes Dantzic and acquires lia. sen. 179-0 Warsaw ceded to* Prussia in the partition of Poland. I 1797 Frederick William III., of Prussia, becomes Emperor of Germany. 1801. Prussians seize Hanover. 1805 Treaty of Vienna. Downfall of the German Empire. 1806 Prussia seizes Hanover, Posen. Prussia joins the alliance against France. Battles of Jena and Auerstadt. Prussia succumbs to Napoleon. Napoleon issues the Berlin Decree. 1807 Peace of Tilsit. Napoleon restores one-half of his dominions to the King of Prussia. 1808 Convention of Berlin. Serfdom abolished in Prussia. 1812 Prussia concludes an alliance with Russia and Austria. 1813 The French evacuate Berlin, March 4. The war of Liberation begun. Uprising of the people. The "Landwehr" formed. Battle of Leipsic, Oct. 16. 1814 The allies invade France. Complete defeat of Napoleon. The Prussians occupy the French capital. Treaty of Paris. 1815 Congress of Vienna; Germanic Confederation formed. Prussia enters the Holy Alliance. 1817 Establishment of the Ministry of Education. 1818 Formation of the Prussian Zollverein. 1819 Congress of Carlsbad. Death of Marshal Blucher, Sept. 12. 1840 Accession of Frederick William IV., of Prussia. 1844 Attempt to assassinate the King of Prussia. 1848 Revolution of 1848. Berlin declared in a stage of siege, Nov. 12. The Constituent Assembly meets in Brandenburgh Castle, Nov. 29. The King dissolves the Assembly, and issues a new Constitution, Dec. 5. 1849 The German National Assembly offer the Imperial Crown of Germany to t-he King of Prussia, March 28. He declines it, April 29. Martial law declared throughout the kingdom, May 10. Occupation of Carlsruhe by the Prussians, June 23. The revolution in Baden completely crushed. 1850 The King takes the oath to the new Constitution, Feb. 6: Attempt to assassinate the King, May 22. Treaty of peace with Denmark. Prussia refuses to join the restricted Diet of Frankfort. Prussia warnis Austria of her intention to uphold the Constitution in HesseCassel, Sept. 21. The Prussian army occupies Hesse, Nov. 12. The Prussian troops withdraw from Baden, Nov. 14. The Convention of Olmutz removes the cause of the trouble, and restores peace to Germany, Nov. 29. 1851 Visit of the King to Russia. 1852 The King re-establishes the Council of the state as it existed prior to 1848. 1853 Plot against the government discovered in Berlin. 1854 Wavering policy of the. government respecting the Eastern question. Prussia remains neutral in the Crimean war. Prussia enters into treaty with Austria. 1855 Prussia not allowed to take part in the Conference at Vienna. 1856 Takes part in the Conference at Paris. Crown Prince becomes Regent in Prus berg. Becher, a Leipzig student,, attAmpts to assassinate the King. The King and Queen crowned at Konigsberg. I= The National Assembly at Berlin declares in favor of unification. The government defeated in the elections. Count Bismarck Schor-hausen made Premier. The Chamber informed by him that the Budget is deferred until 1863o, protest of the deputies against this as unconstitutional, Sept. 30. The Budget passed by the Chamber of Peers without the amendment of the Chamber. The, Chamber declares the act of the Peers unconstitutional, Oct. 11., Close of the session of the Chambers by the King, Oct. 13. IM Continuation of the quarrel between the Government and the Chamber. The King closes the session a second time, and resolves to govern without a Parliament, May 27. IN9 Severe restrictions imposed upon the press, June 1. The Crown Prince disavows participation In the recent action of the minIstry, June 5; decree recalled. War with Denmark about the Danish duchies. Holstein invaded by Prussia. Denmark ports blockaded. Denmark forced to give up the duchies, and make peace. Treaty signed, Oct. 30. Quarrel between the government and the Chamber of Deputies over the army budget. The budget being rejected the king prorogues the parliament,, and declarw he will rule without it. The King arbitrarily seizes and disposes of the revenue, July 5. Convention of Gastein. Bismarck visits Napoleon M., at Farl& IM The Diet demands the surrender of Holstein by Prussia and Austria,, which they refuse. Prussian treaty with Belgium. Attempt on Bismarck's life,.May 7. War with Austria and her allies. Battle of Sadowa, total defeat of Austrians. Treaty of peace with several German states and Austria. Pormation of the North German Confederation., under the leadership of Prussia. Hanover annexed to Prussia. IM Extraordinary session of the Pruntan Diet. First meeting of the now German Parliam ment. U68 Prussia passes the Rhine navigation treaty. 1870 France declares war against Prussia. Prussia receives the support of German States. France invaded by the German army un der command of King William, of PrUsslao (See Germany and France.) The king of Prussia elected EmpaW of Germany. IM King William proclaimed Emperor of Germany and crowned at Versailles., Jan. 18. Trouble with the Roman Catholic clergr. 1872 Creation of the new peers by the government to carry its measures in parliament. 1873 Troubles with the R Oman Catholic bishops. The stamp Tax. 1874 Troubles with the Roman Catholic bishops. The Old Catholic bishops given salaries by the government. Attempt to assassinate Bismarck, July 13. 1875 Ccnference of the Roman Catholic bishops at Fulda. Religious agitation in Prussia. Government aid withdrawn from Catholic clergy. New Constitution adopted by the Protestant State Church. 1876 The German made the official language in Prussian Poland. Deposition of Catholic bishops -in Munster and Cologne. Great inundations in Prussia. (See Germany.) Great Britain and Ireland 1765 American Stamp Act passed, March 22. Death of the Pretender, at Rome. Percy's Reliques published. 1766 Birth of Isaac Disraeli; died 1848. 1768 Bruce's travels. Academy of arts founded. 1769 Letters of Junius. Watt's engine. Arkwright's Jenny. Birth of the painter, Lawrence; died 1830. 1770 Lord North's ministry. Cook's voyages in the South Sea. 1771. English debates reported. Birth of Sir Walter Scott; died 1832 1772 Warren Hastings in India. VA 1774 Suicide of Lord Clive. 1775 Commencement of the American Revolution; (see United States.) Birth of Charles Lamb; died 1835. 1776 "Wealth of Nations" decline and fall. 1777 Royal Marriage Act. Birth of T. Campbell; died 1844. 1778 Death of the Earl of Chatham. Relief bill for Irish Catholics passed. Birth of H. Hallam; died 1859. 1779 Rodney's victories. Eliot at Gibraltar. 00 Lord George Gordon's "No Popery"' riots, in London. Birth of Channing; died 1842. 1781 Trial and acquittal of Gordon. 1782 England acknowledges the independence of the United States, Nov. 30. Lord Rockingham's second ministry. Grattan's Irish Constitution. 1783 Coalition ministryEngland wars with Tippoo-Saib. 1784 Settlement of Upper Canada. Birth of Sheridan Knowles; died 1862. 178-D Birth of De Quincey; died 1860. 1786 Attempted assassination of the King by Margaret Nicholson, (insane). Birth of Dr. Chalmers; died 1842. 1788 Trial of Warren Hastings. Birth of Lord Byron; died 1824. London Times founded. ]Birth of Sir H. Davv: died 1829. Lord Nelson over the French fleeL Habeas Corpus Act again suspended. Sidney Smith at Acre. Great Irish rebellion; defeat of the Irish. Battle of Kilcullen, May 23. Battle of Antrim; victory of the Engllsj2, 1799 Irish rebellion completely suppressed. 1800 Hatfield attempts to assassinate the i King. Malta taken. Birth of Lord Macaulay; died 1859. 1801 Union of Great Britain and Ireland. Nelson's victory at Copenhagen. Habeas Corpus again suspended., April 19. Peace of Amiens, Oct. 1. 1802 Birth of Landseer, painter; died I= 180S War declared against France. Mahratta IndlaWar. Emmet's insurrection in Ireland. Execution of Emmet, Sept. 20. 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Oct. 21; victory and death of Nelson. Birth of Lord Beaconsfield. 1806 Birth of William E. Gladstone. Deaths of William Pitt, and ChWke James Fox. 1807 Orders in Council against the Berlin Decree, Jan. 7. The African slave trade abollshA March 25. Death of Cardinal Henry Stuart, 910134, ant of the English Crown. JM Wellesley passes the Duro Battle of Corunna, Jan. 106: "Quarterly Review" founded. Impeachment of the Duke of York. Walcheren expedition, August. Death of Sir John Moore. Investigation into conduct of PHIMM Caroline. Birth of C. Darwin; died 102. Birth of Alfred Tennyson. JUO The King declared insane,, NeT. Great financial crisis. Irish agitation for repeal of the an%& =1 The Prince of Wales declared -ftqp11k. Feb. 5. Suddite riots, Nov. The Roman Catholic Board ferMW by Daniel O'Connell, Dec. 26. Birth of William M. ThackezWo 1863. IM English storm Ciudad, R@dftW Sig Badajos. Lord Liverpool Premier. Assassination of Mr. Percival, the Prbw Minister, by Bellingham, In the Houm Beginning of the second war with the United States, June 18. Birth of Charles Dickens; died IM Birth of Robert Browning. JR4 Peace with France. Peace with the United Statm Birth of Charles Reade. Treaty of Ghent, Dec. 14. 1816 Prance renews war with the allies. Battle of Waterloo, and final overtbrW of Napoleon I., June 18. Peace with France. Insurrection in Tipperary, Ireland. Princess Charlotte marries Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg. IM Agricultural and Weaver riots. =7 ftecie Pvorments resumed. Habeas orpus act again ou ý4sL Death of PrinAess Charlotte, ov. 6* Trial of Lord Howe and aoquittaL =8 Birth of J. Anthony Froude. 1K9 Queen Victoria born,, May U Peel's Currency Act. Birth of Ruskin. 1U0 Death of George Ill., Jan. 29. Cato Street conspiracy disoovelA JU 20. Trial of Queen Caroline. Birth of Herbert Spencer, Birth of George; McDonald. Death of Queen Caroline, Aug. 7* Great outrages in Ireland. 1821 George IV. crowned, July 19. 1822 King George IV. visits Scotland. "Whiteboy" outrages in Ireland. Suicide of Castlereagh. 1823 First Mechanics' Institute held. Agitation about tests and corporaticM acts. 1824 English-Burmese war. Death of Lord Byron in Greece* 1825 The great commercial crisis. First railroad in England. Thames tunnel commenced. Birth of Wilkie Collins. 1827 Lord CanniiTg Prime Minister. Lord Palmerston Foreign Secretary* 1828 Battle of Navarino. The allies defeat the Turkish and Egyptian fleets. 1829 Roman Catholic Relief Bill passed, April 13. Great Riots in London. 1830 Death of George IV. William IV. mounts the throne, June 26. Ministry of the Duke of Wellington. Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester railway. 1831 The new London bridge opened. The reform bill rejected by the Lords, Oct. 7. Riots in Bristol, Oct. 29. Earl Grey's ministry. 1832 Passage of the English Reform Bill, June 1. Death of Sir Walter Scott, Sept. 2.Passage of the Irish Reform Bill, Aug. 7. 1834 Slavery ceases in the colonies. Trades union and repeal riots. Lord Melbourne's ministry. 1835 Corporation Reform Act passed, Sept. 9. Sir Walter Peel Prime Minister. 1837 Death of William IV. Victoria succeeds to the throne, June 20. Hanover separated from Great Britain. 1838 Queen Vi ' ctoria crowned, June 28. Irish Poor Law bill passed, July 31. Viscount Melbourne's ministry. 1839 England at war with China. Assassination of Lord Northbury In Ireland. 1840 Penny postage inaugurated. The Queen marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg, Feb. 10. Oxforde'..'s assault on the Queen, June 10. 1841 Birth 01'Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, Nov. 10. Ministry of Sir Robert Peel. 1842 John Francis attempts to kill the Queen, May 20; a second attempt by Bean, June 3. income tax established, Aug. Peace with China, Dec. 1843 Queen Victoria visits France. 1844 The Emperor of Russia and King of the French visit England. Trial of O'Donnell, at Dublin, for sedition, his conviction, fine and Imprisonment, and subsequent release from prison, Sept. 1845 Sir Robert Peel's new tariff. Great famine in Ireland. Puseyite or Tractarian controversy* Anti-corn law agitation. Great railroad sDeculations. of Cambridge. Pate assaults the Queen. 1851. The first. "Great Exhibition" opened,, May 1. First gold arrives from Australia,, 1852 Death of Wellington, Sept. 14. Great riots in Belfast. Aberdeen becomes Prime Minister. U53 English and French fleets enter the Bosphorus, Oct. 22. Protocol between England, Austria, France and Prussia signed, Dec. 5. IM4 Alliance between England, France, and Turkey, March 12. War declared against Russia, March 28. Crystal Palace opened by the Queen. June 10. Treaty with the United States, regarding fishery claims. I= Resignation of the Aberdeen ministry, Jan. 2. Lord Palmerston appointed Prime Minister. Visit of the Emperor and Empress of France to England. The Queen and Prince Albert visit France. WO Peace with Russia proclaimed, April It. War with China (q. v.) 00 1W England at war with Persia. Herat taken by Persians, Oct 25. English take Bushire, Dec. 10. Beginning of the Indian mutiny (see India). Great commercial panic; It Is relieved by the suspension of the Bank Charter Act of 1844. Persian war closed by treaty of Teherm Herat restored. Uarriage of the Princess Royal to Ptineek Frederick, William of Prussia,, J, 26. Derby-Disraeli ministry formed, Feb. 26. Jewish disabilities removed, July 23. The Conspiracy and Volunteer bills passed.. The India Bill passed,, Aug. 2. The government of the East India Company ceases, Sept. L Bngland declares her neutrality in the Austro-Itallan war. E4wbY ministry defeated on the reform bill. Organization of volunteer forces. Palmerston-Russell ministry formed June 18.. Lord Palmerston resigns and returns. Lord Stanley Secretary for India. Commercial treaty with France.' Peace effected with China..Oct. 24. The Prince of Wales visits the United States and Canada. Death of the Duchess of Kent, the Queen"s mother. Complications with the United States over the seizure of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, from a British mail steamer by the U. S. steamer "Sari Jacinto," Nov. 8. They are released by the U. S. government, Dec. 28. Death of Albert the Prince Consort, Dec. 14. The Queen proclaims neutral-I.ty in Amer-,. lean war. A Copyright. 1..)05,. by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  XIX SrTPPLEMENT S........... "...................ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL;AND MODERN HISTORY Noa - __. ==-... -..:.=_ ,._,,._:Great distress In the cotton manufacturing districts in consequence of the civil' war in America. (onfederate "Alabama" S'alls from England. Second International exhibition, May L M/arriage of Princess Alice to Louis of. Hesse, July L Prince Alfred declines the throne a Greece, Oct. 23. Serious riots in Ireland. M Continued distress in cotton districts& Marriage of the Prince of Wales to Mlel cess Alexandra, of Denmark, March I&, 04 Birth of a son to the Prince of Wales& Visit of Garibaldi. The Ionian Islands ceded to Greec. Powers as to Confederate privateers discussed. European Conference, at London,, on the Schleswig-Holstein question. M Cattle plague in England and Ireland, Fenian troubles in Ireland; arrest of James Stephens, "Head Center," Nov. 11; escape of Stephens, Nov. 24. Russ ell- Gladstone ministry. Death of Richard Cobden, April 2. Death of Lord Palmerston, Oct. 18. Important commercial treaty with Austria, Dec. 16. I= Defeat of Lord Russell's reform bill, June 18. -Resignation of Russell ministry, June 26. Derby forms his third cabinet, July 6. Cattle plague continues, causing great " loss. Princess Helena marries Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, July 5. Atlantic cable pronounced a success. 11abeas Corpus suspended in Ireland. Fenian invasion of Canada. 3 New reform act passed. " #Tlar with Abyssinia begins, caused by,& imprisonment of British subjects. Sir Robert Napier commands expedition. Fenian outbreaks in Ireland. Disraeli's reform bill. The Dominion of Canada formed. W Derby Ministry resigns, Feb. 25. Disraeli forms new ministry, Feb. 25. Gladstone's bill for Disestablishment of Irish Church passes the House, Aprtl 30. Scotch and Irish reform acts passed, July 13. Dissolution of Parliament, Dec. 10. Resignation of Disraeli ministry. Gladstone forms new ministry, Dec. 9. Successful termination of the Abyssinian war. The suicide of Theodore, Ring of Abyssinia, April 13. SConvention on "Alabama Claims"' signed; it Is rejected by the United States. Earl Spencer appointed Lord-Lieutenaut of Ireland. Irish Church bill receives the royal assent, July 26. Death of the Earl of Derby, Oct. 23. M Measures adopted for the spread of primary education. Land bill of Ireland receives royal assent, July 8. SEducation bill. Neutrality in France. Prussian war proclaimed, July 19. Neutrality of Belgium guaranteed, Aug. 11. Resignation of John Bright, Dec. 20. Death of the Earl of Clarendon, June 26. 1 Princess Louise marries the Marquis of - Lorne, March 20. Black Sea Conference, March 13. Treaty with the United States regarding Alabama claims, May 8. The Irish Church Disestablishment bill goes into effect. Meeting of. the Alabama Claims Com ties. Payment of the Geneva award. Death of Lord Lytton, Jan. 18. Defeat of the Dublin University bill. Resignation of the Gladstone ministry,, March 13; ministry resumes office,, March 17. The Shah of Persia visits England. Passage of the Judicature bill, Aug. 5. -War with the Ashantees; Sir Garnet Wolseley placed in command. W4 Irish educational bill fails. Marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh to Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, Jan.23 Celebrated Tichborne trial, Feb. 28. Defeat of Ashantees, Jan. 31, and treaty of peace signed, Feb. 13. Disraeli becomes Prime Minister. 1575 Reopening of the Eastern question. The Prince of Wales visits India. France passes the English Channel Tunnel bill. 1=/6 Great revival under Moody and Sankey. England purchases the Suez canal. O'Connell centenary in Ireland. Queen of England proclaimed Empress of India, March 1. Bulgarian atrocities produce intense ex- citement in England. Defeat of "Home Rule" for Ireland. Disraeli raised to the peerage as tau Earl of Beaconsfield. England takes part in the Eastern question. 137 Great Britain expresses her disapproval of the Russo-Turkish war, but decides to remain neutral. Duke of Marlborough made Lord-Lioutenant of Ireland. Rejection of GW~dstonel's resolutions In regard to Turkey. U78 Russian advance on Constantinople produces great excitement In England. Several changes in the ministry. Earl of Leitrim shot in Ireland. Beaconsfield and Salisbury represent England in the Berlin Conference. Great commercial depression in England. British Afghanistan war. General Roberts' victorY at Piewas Pass, Dec. 2. Jellalabad occupied by the British, Dec. 20. 1M1 Yakoob Khan recognized as Ameer of Afghan, May 9; retirement of British troops; treaty of peace signed, May 30; British residents at Cabul massacred,' Sept. 3; Gen. Roberts reaches Cabul,, Sept. 28; abdication of Yakoob Khan, Oct. 19; British defeat Afghans at sherpur,, Dec. 23. Zulu, South Atri w* British troops enter Zululan44 WL ih; mame 6 Umadula, Jan. 2L Victory at Kambula, March 29; _Pte IouiS Napoleons son Of EN uarNoet. "n WIl., killed by Zuluv6 June 1; Sir Garnet Welseley takes edbnam% ndnJ~e 29; battle of Ulundi, total defeat of thle Zulu king,, Nteway% Jew 4; Mtwe t Cetewayo, Aug. 2L -Great distress and -famine to[UVWL Parnell vtaits the United States ta tehalf of the Land League. Anti-rent agitation in 'Ireland. IM8 Continued fighting in Afghan; Shere All made G~overnor of Candahar; Yakoob Khan attacks Candahar and repulses Gen. Burro'ws, July 27; sortie from Candahar fails, Aug. 16; Gen. Roberts relieves Candahar,, Aug. 31; defeats Yakoob Khan, Sept. 1. Resignation of the Beaconsfield Ministry, April 22; Gladstone forms a new ministry, April 29. Compensation for Disturbance Bill row Jected. Lord YMontmorris shot, Sept, 25. ""Boycotting" practiced. Arrest of Parnell,. Healy and others on charge of conspiracy to prevent payment of rent. 1M Duke of Argyle resigns from cabinetg April 8. Death of Lord Beaconsfield. Lord Salisbury the Conservative Leader. Bradlaugh excluded from House of Commons. Coercion Act for Ireland passed, March 21. Irish Land Bill passed, Aug. 16. Yakoob Khan routs the Ameer and enters Candahar. Parnell arrested under Coercion Act, Oct. 13. Land League declared illegal, Oct. 20. Yakoob Khan defeated by the Ameer, Sept. 22. Agrarian outrages in Ireland. 1882 Attempt on the Queen's life by McLean, March 2. State trial of McLean, who is adjudged insane. Prince Leopold married to Princess Helena of Waldeck, April 27. Earl Spencer appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Lord Frederick Cavendish appointed Chief Secretary of Ireland. Lord Cavendish and Mr. Burke, Under Secretary, assassinated., in Dublin, May 6. Otto Trevelyan succeeds Lord 0avendish. The Repression of Crime bill passed, July 11. John Bright resigns, July 15, as a member of Gladstone's Cabinet, owing to Egyptian policy. The "Cloture"' bill passed, permitting closing of debate by majority vote. Fiftieth anniversary of Gladstone's entry into 'public life, Dec. 13. Prayers offered in the Mosques of Cairo for the Queen, Dec. 13. Fire in Hampton Court Palace., Dec. 24. Arrears of Rent bill passed. Married woman's property assessed. Anglo-Turkish Military Convention informally signed, Sept. 6. War in Egypt (q. v.) 1882 The assassins of Mr. Burke and Lord Cavendish identified, Feb. 10. Opening of the Royal College of Mutsic, May 1. The Marquis of Lansdowne appointedl Governor-General of Canada. New Parcel Post first in operation. Au&1. Annexation of territory on African west coast proclaimed, Aug. 23. Surrender of Cetewayo to the British residents, Oct. 6. Sir J. H. Glover appointed Governor of Newfoundland, Dec. 19. 1884 New Patents Act goes Into operation, Jan. 1. Departure of Gen. Gordon for Egypt, SJan. 18.,The Queen visits Darmstadt, April 16. Death of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, March 28, aged 29. Monster reform demonstration In 1ondon, July 21. don, Jan. 26. Fb 3 Opening of the Mersey tunnel, Fb 3 The reserve forces and militia forces called out, March 26. The revised Bible published, May 18. Princess Beatrice marries Prince Henry,, -of Battenburg, July 23. 'Death of Sir Moses Monteflore, aged 101, July 28. 1885 Grant memorial services at Westminster, Aug. 4. 1886 Parnell's land bill defeated, Sept.21 1887 Queen's Jubilee inaugurated, June 21. Irish Crimes Bill,passed, July 8. Irish National League proclaimed, Aug. 19. 1888 First White Chapel murder, April 2._ U. S. Fishery Commission treaty stgned. 1889 Marriage of Princess Louise of Wales, July 27. 1890 Rejection of overtures from the Pope, Aug. 11. Split in the Irish Parliamentary Party, Dec. 6. 1891 Newfoundland fishery dispute, MarchMay. V. S. World's Fair invitation accepted,, May. 1893 Battleship "Victoria"" sunk by the "Camperdown," off the Syrian coast., 400 men -perished. The Duke of York married Princess Mary of Teck, July 6. Manchester Ship Canal opened, Dec. 7. 1895 Defeat of the Liberal party and fall of the Rosebery Cabinet: Is suc-ý ceeded by the Earl of Salisbury and a new Radical Cabinet. 1899 Beginning of Boer War in So. Africa, Oct. 11. 1901 Queen Victoria Died, Jan. 22. King Edward VII. ascends throne. 1902 Boer War, in South Af rica, ended in May. 1905 Post Office~ began to receive messages f or wireless transmission to ships at sea, 'Jan. 1. AUSTRALIA, 1770 Captain Cook,, Sir Joseph Banks and others land at Botany Bay and name the country New South Wales, April 28. 1773 Explorations of Furneaux. 1774 Capt. Cook explores Australia and New Zealand. 1777 Capt. Cook makes a third voyage of exploration. 1788 First landing of English convicts at Port Jackson. Phillips, first Governor, founds Sydney., with 1,039 persons, Jan. 26. 1789-992 Voyage of Bligh. 179 Distress, o~wing to the loss of the storeship "Gu~ardian." M79 First house for Public Worship erected. M79 First publication of Government Gazette. 17/99 ass' Straits discovered,, by Bass and Flinders. 1W06'@ Explorations and surveys of the coast of Australia, by Grant and Flinders. 1802 First brick church. built. U03$ Van Dieman's Land, now Tasmania, established; first settlement made at,. Port Philip. 1804 Insurrection of Irish convicts repressed. __, j - 1808 Gov. Bligh deposed for tyranny and sent home; succeeded by Mac Quarrie. 1817-'23 Explorations into the interior of Australia, by Wentworth, Lawson, Bloxand, Oxley and others. 1826 Settlement of King George's Sound f ormed. 1828 South Australia explored by Stuart. =89 West Australia made a province; a Legislative Council established and Capt. Sterling appointed LieutenantGovernor. 1830 Stuart further explores South Australia. Fifty ships, with 2,000 emigrants, arrive in Western Australia.1 1831 East Australia explored by Sir T. Mitchell. 1834 Bo~undaries of the province of South Aus. tralia fixed. 1835 First Roman Catholic bishop arrives. Port Phillip, now Victoria, colonized. 1836 South Australia a province. Arrival of first Church of England Dish. op. Adelaide founded. Eyre's expedition overland from Adelaide to King George's Sound. Melbourne founded. 1838 Explorations of Capt. Gray in northwest Australia. 1839 New South Wales and Tasmania explored by Count Stizelecki. Alleged discovery of gold in Bathurst kept secret by Gov. Gipps. Suspension of transportation. 1840 Eyre explores West Australia. Stizelecki explores the Australian Alps* 1841 Census, 87,200 males; 43,700 females. 1842,. Incorporation of the City of Sydney. SDiscovery of the Burra-Burra copper,mines, in South Australia.. 1844-1148 Explorations of Leichhardt, Stuart, Mitchell, Gregory and Kennedy. 1846 Fitzroy made Governor-General. Census, 114,700 males; 74,800 females. IL847 Bishopric of Adelaide founded. 1848 Leichhardt starts on second exploration; ~party never heard of again. Kennedy killed by natives. Gregory explores the interior. 1849 Great agitation against transportation. 1850 Port Philip erected into the province of Victoria. 1851 Gold discovered, near Bathurst, by Edward Hargreaves; intense excitement in the provinces; great rush to the gold regions. 1854 Sir William Dennison appointed Governor-General. 1955 Gregory's 'expedition Into the interiaor 1859-062 J. McDonald Stuart's expeditions. Death of Archdeacon Cowper, after nearly fifty years' residence,, aged 80.. 1859 Province of Queensland established, DMe 4. 1860 Burke and Willis and two others cross the continent, starting from Melbourne Aug. 20; all perish on the return, next year, except JohnKing... Sir John Young, Governor of Now South Wales. 1861 Stuart and M'Kinlay crossý from sea to sea. 1863 Recovery of the remains of Burke and Willis. 1864 General resistance throughout the' provinces against transportation. 1865 Death of Morgan, a desperate' busheranger and murderer. Cessation of transportation to Australia in three years announced. Settlement of boundary between New South Wales and Victoria, April 19. 1866 Population of Australia., natives excluded, 1,298,667. 1867 Capt. Cadell explores South Australia; discovers mouth of river Roper. SMeeting of Convention from Colonies at Melbourne, to arrange postal communication with Europe. consider federal action. Majority vote in favor of a tariff com-. "1ýmission and the establishment of an Australian Court of Appeal.~ UM8 Terrible mining accident at Creswick Talbot, Victoria, Dec. 14. 1882 Confederation of the colonies and annexation of Papua, New Guinea. Opening of the New University of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Oct. 24. 1885 New South Wales contingent leaves Sydney for the Soudan, March 3. 1890 Fire in Sydney causing a loss of $7,500,000, Oct. 2. 1891 Federation Convention draft a Constitution for the Commonwealth of Australia, April 3. 1893 Serious floods in Queensland, property and life lost. 1895 Great panic in the money market; many banks and business houses fail. CANADA, I I L812 Americans carry Queenstown Heights. Death of General Brock. L813 Americans defeated at Frenchtown. Capture of Toronto, April 27, and Fort George, May 27, by the Americans. Defeat of the British at- Sacketts Harbor.. M ay 29. Victory of Americans at Stony Creek, June 6. Indecisive battle of Williamsburg, Nov. 7. Commodore Perry's victory an Lake Erie. Capture of English squadron. Defeat of Proctor at the Thames, anil death of Tecumseh. L814 United States troops successful at battle of Longwood, ýMarch 4. Defeat of the British at Chippewa., July 25. Battle of Lundy's Lane. Naval battle on Lake Champlain. Treaty of Ghent closes the war. [816 Sir George Sherbroke becomes Governor of Lower Canada. L817 Political agitation in Upper Canada. Career of Robert Gourlay. [818 Duke of Richmond appointed Governor of Lower Canada. L822 Antagonism between the French and English inhabitants of Lower Canada. L824 Welland Canal incorporated. First agitation against the Orangemen..825 Agitation in Upper Canada on the alien bill. L826 Mackenzie's printing office destroyed by a mob. L828 Petition against misuse of revenues. L829 First agitation for a responsible government in Upper Canada. 1830 Lord Aylmer becomes Governor of Lower Canada. L832 Imperial duties surrendered to the Cana-. dian Assembly. L835 The Pupinean party aim at a total separation from Great Britain. L836 First Canadian, railway opened. House of Assembly refuse supplies. t83 Coercive measure of the British Parliament. H1ouse of Assembly of Lower Canada refuses to transact business.,LlSons, of Liberty"' rise in Montreal. Commercial crisis in Canada and the United States., Troops withdrawn from Upper Canada. Rebellion in Upper Canada begins. Attempt the capture of Toronto, Dec. 4. Totally defeated by St. Eustace. Dec. 14. Rebels receive aid from sympathizers In the United States. Affair of the "'Caroline,"0 188 Sir John Colborne appointed Governor* Jan. 16. Aff~airs of the "Anne"' and the "Sir Robert Peel." End of the rebellion in Upper-Canada. R-esignation of Sir Francis Head. who Is succeeded by Lord Durham. M Union of Upper and Lower Canada. Lord Sydenham appointed Governor. 1940 Settlement of the clergy reserves question. Responsible government established. Death of Lord Sydenham. Charles P. Thompson Governor. 1843 Sir Charles Metcalf appointed Governor. 1844 Government removed from Kingston to Montreal. 1845 Great fire in Quebec. 1847 Earl Cathcart Governor. Lord Elgin Governor-General, October. Agitation over the Rebellion Losses bill. 1849 Continued agitation over the Rebellion Losses bill. 1849 Annexation to the United States advocated by the opposition."} Great riots in- Montreal. Destruction of Parliament House, April 26. Attack on Lord Elgin. flubsidence of the agitation. 1858 Ottawa, formerly Bytown, made the seat of the provincial government by Queen , Victoria; the opposition defeat this scheme. 1860 Visit of the Prince of Wales to Canada. 1861 Great fire in Quebec, June 7. Commehcement of the civil war in the United States; fears of hostilities with that nation. Lord Monck made Govern or-General, Nov. 28. British troops sent to Canada on account of "Trent'" affair. Resignation of ministry; Macdonald forms a new cabinet. 1862 Death of Sir Allan M'Nab. 1864 Delegates assemble at Quebec to discuss confederation of American colonies, Oct. I0. Confederate refugees make a raid from Canada on St. Albans, Vt., Oct. 19; Canadians arrest them upon their return, followed by their discharge, Dec. 14; General Dix proclaims reprisals; order rescinded by President Lincoln. 1865 Parliament agrees to a confederation. Great fire at Quebec. Canada Parliament vote 250,000 for defense of the Dominion, March 23. Canada consents to union' of the provinces, April 1._ 1866 First Parliament of the Dominion meets at Ottawa, June 7. Discovery of gold in Hastings County, November. Termination of the Reciprocity Treaty with the United States. Fenian invasion threatened. Fenians, under O'Neill, cross into Canada; Canadian volunteers drive them back and disperse them. Habeas Corpus suspended. Mr. Galt's new tariff. 1867 Formation of the Dominion of Canada by the confederation of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, March 29. Lord Monck appointed Viceroy, July 2. Canadian Railway Loan act passed, April 12. 1868 Sir John Young becomes Governor-General, Nov. 27. 1869 Hudson Bay territories purchased for 2300,000. 1870 Second Fenian raid repelled by militia; the leader, O'Neill, captured by United States troops. Manitoba, formerly Rupert's Land, formed and becomes a part of the Dominion of Canada. Prince Alfred visits Canada. 187n British Columbia joins the Dominion of Canada. Discussion of the Fisheries question. 1872 Prince Edward's Island becomes a pr of the Dominion of Canada. Earl of Dufferin becomes Governor-General. 1873 Macdonald's ministry charged with corruption, and forced to resign; new ministry formed by Mackenzie. 1875 Rejection of Reciprocity Treaty by United States. 1876 Destruction of St. Hyacinthe.by_ fire, Sept. 3. , 1877 United States and Canada Fishery Commission, at Halifax, aw.ard Canada $5,500,000. 1878 The Marquis of Lorne, son-in-law of Queen Victoria, appointed Viceroy, Oct. 14. Fortune Bay outrages. United States pay Fishery award, Nov. 21. Arrival of Marquis of Lorne and Princess Louise, Nov. 25. 1879 Industrial Exposition at Ottawa. 1880 Earl of Salisbury refuses compensation for Fortune Bay affair; Lord Granville grants it. 1881 $75,000 award for Fortune Bay outrages. Bill to construct railroad from Halifax to Buzzard Inlet passed, June 31. Patents issued to Canadian Pacific Railway Company, Feb. 16. 1883 The Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General, May 21. Sir John Hawley Glover appointed Governor of Newfoundland. 1884 Meeting of the British Association, at Montreal, Aug. 27. Dynamite explosions at Quebec, Oct. 11. 1885 Opening conflict at Fish Creek with the half-breed and Indian rebels, under Louis Riel, April 24. Capture. near Batoche, of Louis Riel. 1886 Opening of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Resolution against the Coercion Bill passed April 26. 1888 Newfoundland refuses to join Canada, 8 )April. Lord Stanley made Governor, June 1L. 1889 Weldon Extradition Bill passed, A.Prll 1890 Toronto University burned, Feb.10 1891 Government party sustained at general election, March 6. General census taken April 5. 1893 Earl of Aberdeen appointed GovernorGeneral, May 11. 1895 School war in Manitoba. 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 UNITED STATES& First Medical College established In Philadelphia. The Stamp Act passed, in England, March 22. Virginia resolutions against right of taxation, May 29. A congress of the colonies proposed by Massachusetts, June 26. C)ongress of 27 delegates meet at Now York and publish a declaration of the rights and rules against the Stamp Act, Oct. 7. Massachusetts, Rhode Island,, Delaware and Maryland unite In resisting Stamp Act, November. Dr. Franklin visits England, and is ex-.. amined before the House of Commens, in February. Stamp Act repealed, March 18. Stage route between Providence and Boston established. Philip Embury and Captain Webb first introduce Methodism in America. An obnoxious tax imposed on paper, glass, tea and painters' colors imported by the colonies. Colonies adopt a non-importation agreement. Mason and Dixon, sent out by the heirs of Wmn. Penn and Lord Baltimore, run a line to define the boundaries of their possessions. It afterwards became the acknowledged line between the free and slave states. Meeting of a convention of delegates called by Massachusetts, at Fanuel Hall, Boston. A military force stationed in Boston by the British government under General Gates. The Governor of Virginia dissolves the House of Burgess. The assembly of North Car'olina dissolved by the Governor. Goods sent to Boston from Great Britain refused and sent back. First paper mill erected at Milton. Boston massacre, March 5; British soldiers kill three and wound four citizens. Repeal of the duties on tea. Insurrection in North Carolina against the government officers by regulators; rebellion suppressed, May 16, by Governor Tryon and six regulators hanged. The British man-of-war Gaspee burned in Narragansett Bay by Americans from Providence. First American Methodist Conference, consisting of ten ministers, all of foreign birth. Blind Asylum established at Williamsburgh, Va., the first in America. The cargoes of the tea-ships in Boston thrown into the harbor by masked men, Dec. 16. Boston Port Bill deprives Boston of its port rights, March 25. Meeting of the First Continental or Sec-. ond Colonial Congress, at Philadelphia, Sept. 5. Congress issues a Declaration of Rights, Nov. 4. Commencement of the Revolutionary War. Battle of Lexington, April 19; British retreat. Perpetual Union of the Colonies formed, May 20. General Washington Commander-inChief of the Continental forces, June 15. Americans under Ethan Allen take Ticonderoga, May 10. Generals Howe, Clinton and Burgoyne arrive from England. Denfeat offthe Amepricans at Bunker Hill, V7. Washington arrives at New York, April 14. Declaration of Independence, July 4. Commissioners sent by Congress to solicit a treaty with the French. Battle of Flatbush, or Brooklyn, on Long Island; Howe (loss 400) defeats the American generals, Putnam and Sullivan (loss 2,000), Aug. 27. Z New York evacuated by the Americans and occupied by the British, Sept. 15. Battle of White Plains; Howe ý(loss 300 or 400) defeats Washington (loss 300 or 400), Oct. 28. Battle of Lake Champlain; capture of_ the American fleet, Oct. 11-13, (Fort Washington capitulates, Nov. 16. English occupy Rhode Island. Washington retreats beyond the Dela. ware, Nov. 28. Congress adjourns to Baltimore, Dec. I&. 1767 1768 1774. 1775 1776 1784 1791 1792 1794 1803 1812 English Stamp Act accepted by Canadian Provinces. Sir Guy Carleton Governor. Great fire in Montreal. -Roman Catholic citizens of Canada con*.rmed -in their political rights and 'property. Legislative council of 23 members appointed. Commencement of the American War of Independence. Invasion of Canada by the Americans, under Montgomery and B. Arnold. Fort St. John taken by Montgomery, Nov. 3. Montreal captured, Nov. 12. Arnold's attack on Quebec repulsed, Nov. 14. Arnold and Montgomery attack Quebec, December 31. Failure of attack and death of Montgomery. The Americans retreat from Canada, June 18. Settlement of Upper Canada. Canada is given a constitution, and Is divided into upper and lower provinces. First House of Assembly opened. Toronto made the capital of Upper Canada. Slavery abolished in Canada. ISecond war between the United States and Great Britain. Capture of Detroit by the British, Aug. 15. Surrender of General Wordsworth, Oct,,., S14. Van Rensselear capitulates, Nov. 27. J m '46I JAM -"4cw Copyright, 1905, by UeO. A. ugie & k;o..

Page  XX SUPPLEMEN' XX. ~>^alf^~~l~ B*- ^^ '^ ^>^ ^ _ ~ e^ iiin i-.. niin ~n^*.~ ft [Il I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. i I R Battle of Trenton; Washngtan (os 9) defeats Rahl and his He (iSQ 1,000). Dec. 26. t attle of Princeton; Washingtoa ( 100) defeats Mawhood (loss 400). Battle of Bennington, Vt.; Stark OM 100) defeats Baum and Brame s 600) 6e@). Battle of Brandywine; Howe (losso n defeats Washington (loss 1,000), Sol* 11. Arrival of Lafayette, who Is made a Major-General in Continental Army. Philadelphia occupied by the British, Sept. 27. Battle of Germantown; Howe (loss 600) defeats Washington (loss 1,200), Oct. 3-4. Second battle, near Stillwater; Gen. Gates (loss 350) defeats Burgoyne (loss 600), Oct. 7. Surrender of Burgoyne, at Saratoga, with 5,752 men, to Gates, Oct. 17. Articles of Confederation adopted by Congress, Nov. 15. American independence recognized by France, Dec. 16. STreaty with France concluded, Feb. 6. Philadelphia evacuated by the British, June 18. Battle of Monmouth; Washington (loss 230) defeats Clinton (loss 400), June 26. Massacre of Wyoming Valley, July 3. Count d'Estaing, with twelve ships of the line, six frigates, and French troops, arrives. Battle on Rhode Island; Sullivan (loss 211) defeats Pigot (loss 260), Aug. 29. Americans retreat from Rhode Island, Aug. 30. Savannah seized by the British, Dec. 29. Repulse of Americans at Briar Creek, March 3. 279 New Haven plundered by the British, July 5. Fairfield and Green Farms, in Connecticut, taken by the British, July 7. Stony Point taken by the Americans, July 16. Charleston, S. C., surrendered to the British, May 12. Battle of Camden, S. C.; Cornwallis (loss 325) defeats General Gates (loss 730). Aug. 16. %Benedict Arnold betrays and deserts his country. Major Andre captured, Sept. 23, an4 hung as a spy, Oct. 2. SBattle of Cowpens; American General Morgan (loss 72) defeats Tarleton (loss 800), Jan. 17. Assembling of Congress, March 2, articles of Confederation having been ratified by all the States. Defeat of General Greene by Cornwallis, at Guilford. Battle of Eutaw Springs; General Greene (loss 555) defeats Stewart (loss 1,100), Sept. 8. The traitor, Arnold, burns New London, Sept. 6. Surrender of Lord Cornwallis, at Yorktown, with 7,073 men, to Washington, Oct. 19. 12 Independence of the United States "acknowledged by Holland, April 19. 1 2 Independence acknowledged by Sweden, Denmark, Spain and Prussia.,Armistice with Great Britain, Jan. 20. Peace with Great Britain, at Treaty of Paris, Sept. 23. New York evacuated, Nov. 25. Resignation of General Washington, Deo. 23. 1784 Treaty of peace ratified by Congress, Jan. 4. 1785 John Adams sent to England as first Ambassador from the United States. 186 Cotton introduced into Georgia. "Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts. Delegates assemble at Annapolis, and recommend a Convention to revise artides of Confederation. 3717 Meeting of Convention at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding. Constitution of the United States adopted, Sept. 17. 378 Constitution ratified by all the States except Rhode Island and North Carolina. Emancipation of slaves by the Quakers of Philadelphia. 3789 First Congress meets at New York. George Washington elected first FresXdent of the United States. North Carolina ratifies the Constitution. 3 Death of Benjamin Franklin, April 17. Rhode Island ratifies the Constitution. Hamilton's financial schemes proposed. 8mD Bank of the United States established* at Philadelphia. Vermont admitted a. the fourteenth State. Indians defeat St. Clair.3 7 Kentucky admitted as the fifteenth State. The Columbia river discovered by Captain Grey. Washington City chosen as the capital of the republic. 178 Invention of the cotton gin by Whitney, resulting in the revolutionizing of the culture of cotton. Trouble with the French Ambassador, Genet. 1794 Washington's second term as President begins. Whisky rebellion in Pennsylvania. France recalls Genet. Jay's treaty with Great Britain. 1795 Congress ratifies Jay's treaty. 1796 Tennessee admitted as the sixteenth State. Resignation of George Washington. 1797 John Adams inaugurated as President. Treaty with France annulled. 1798 War with France threatened. 1799 Death of Washington, at Mt. Vernon, Dec. 14. 1800 The Government removed from Philadelphia to Washington. Treaty signed with France. General Bankruptcy Law passed. 01 Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as President. New York Evening Post established. War with Tripoli commenced, June 10. Death of Benedict Arnold, June 14. 113M Ohio admitted as the seventeenth State. Port of New Orleans closed by Spain, and American vessels forbidden to pass down Mississippi river. 1803 Louisiana purchased from the French; $15,000,000 paid. Pianos first manufactured at Boston. 1 8 Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel, July 11. Frigate "President" destroyed at Tripoli by Decatur, Feb. 4. Fort Dearborn, present site of Chicago, built. Lewis & Clark's expedition starts across the plains. STreaty of peace with Tripoli, Jan. 4. Ice first becomes an article of commeree. Seizure of armed American vessels by England. Lewis and Clark arrive at mouth of the Columbia river. S American commerce affected by blockae of French and English coasts. 3807 British vessels ordered to leave Unite9d States waters,. Trouble with England reopecting the rights of neutrals.. Attack on the American ship "Cbess. ' peake,"' by the British ship, "Leopard," June 22. Embargo on American o.ps declared, Dec. 22. Acquittal of Aaron Burr on charge of conspiracy. SThe Arst coast survey ordered by Congrss. hsportatien of slaves forbidden by Congress. B1i Terry manufactures first wooden clocks. Palttn's first successful steamboat. SAbolition of the slave trade, Jan. 1, France orders the seizure and confiscation of American vessels. First printing office west of the Mississippi, established at St. Louis. First Bible Society founded, in Philadelphia. 1809 First woolen mills started, in New York. Embargo repealed, March 1. James Madison President. Intercourse between France and England forbidden. 1810 132 confiscated American vessels sold by Napoleon. First manufacture of steel pens begun. First agricultural fair, held at Georgetown. Porcelain clay discovered in Vermont. Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated. 1811 Engagement between U. S. frigate "President," and British sloop, "Little Belt." Depredations on American vessels by France and England. Stevens devises plan for plating vessels. First manufacture of screws by machinery. Battle of Tippecanoe; Gen. Harrison defeats Tecumseh, Nov. 7. Reparation made by the British for the Sattack on the "Chesapeake."!Great earthquake at New Madrid, Mo. Astor's fur company establishes post of Astoria. Breech loading rifles invented. 1812 Embargo laid for ninety days. Louisiana admitted into the Union. Congress levies a tax of $3,000,000. Additional force of 35,000 men authorized. Detachment of militia, not exceeding 100,000 men, authorized. War declared against Great Britain, June 12. British orders in council revoked, June 23. Van Hornme defeated, Aug. 5. Defeat of Miller, Aug. 8. Gen. Hull invades Canada, July 12; surrenders Mackinaw, July 17. Hull surrenders Detroit with 2,500 men, Aug. 16. The "Alert," a British ship of war~ captured by the "Essex," Aug. 13. The "Guerriere," a British frigate, captured by the "Constitution" ("Ol Ironsides"), Capt. Hull, Aug. 19. Gen. Harrison takes command of the Northwestern army. Queenstown attacked, unsuccessfully, by the Americans, Oct. 13. The "Frolic," a British ship, captured by the U. S. sloop of war "Wasp." Both vessels afterwards taken by the "Poictiers," a British 74. The "Macedonian," a British frigate, captured by the "United States," Coin* modore Decatur, Oct. 25. he "Java," a British frigate capture4 > y the "Constitution," Capt. Bain* "bridge, Dec. 29. 1818 At the River Raisin, the British and Indians surprise and defeat Winchester. Most of the Americans were massacred by the Indians, who were left unprotected by Gen. Proctor, July 1.& The "Peacock," a British ship, capturea by the "Hornet," Feb. 23. The inauguration of James Madison as President, March 4. The Creek Indians subdued by Gen. Jackson. The American coast blockaded by the British. Duel between Gen. Jackson and Cot. Benton. York (now Toronto) in Upper Canada, taken by the Americans, under Gen. Pike, who was killed, April 27. The "Chesapeake" frigate taken by the British frigate "Shannon," June 1. First rolling mill at Pittsburgh. Stereotyping first introduced into America. Death of Capt. Lawrence, of the "Chesa' peake." Battle of Fort George, May 27. British attack on Sackett's Harbor re pulsed, May 28. Forts Meigs and Stephenson attacked by the British and Indians. The U. S. brig "Argus" taken by lh1 British sloop "Pelican," Aug. 14. The British brig "Boxer" captured by the U. S. brig "Enterprise," Sept. 4. The British fleet, 63 guns, on Lake Erie, captured by the American fleet, 56 guns, under Commodore Perry, Sept. 10. Massacre of Fort Mimms, Ala., by the Indians, Aug. 30. Battle of Williamsburg, Nov. 11. Burning of Newark, Canada, Nov. 12. Buffalo burned by the British, Dec. 13. The British capture Fort Niagara, Dee. 29. Niagara frontier ravaged by the British, Dec. 30. Gen. Harrison, after having crossed Ynto Canada, defeats and disperses the British army under Gen. Proctor, near the River Thames: death of Tecumseh, Oct. 5. 1814 The frigate "Essex" captured, at Valparaiso, by two British vessels. Battle of Horse Shoe Bend, March 20. The "Epervier," a British vessel, captured by the "Peacock," April 29. Oswego bombarded and taken by the British, May 6. The "Reindeer," a British vessel, captured, by the "Wasp," June 25. Fort Erie captured by the Americans under Gen. Brown, July 3. Battle of Chippewa. Brown defeats Drummond, July 5. Battle of Bridgewater, Lundy's Lane. Brown and Scott defeat Drummond and Rial, July 25. The British bombard Stonington, Conn., Aug. 9. Battle of Fort Erie, Aug. 15. Battle of Bladensburg. British General, Ross, defeats Winder, Aug. 24. British enter Washington, and burn the public buildings. Alexandria taken by the British, Aug. 29. The "Avon," a British vessel, captured by the "Wasp," Sept. 1. Attack on Fort Bower (now Morgan) Ala., Sept. 5. The British fleet on Lake Champlain, 95 guns, Commodore Downie, captured by the American fleet, of 86 guns, Commodore MacDonough, and their army defeated at Plattsburg, by Gen. Maoeemb, Sept. 11. British expelled from Pensacela. by Jackson, Nov. 7. Battle on Lake Bsorgue, La. bDec. 14. Battle below New Orleans, bee. 2. Jethro Wood patents his own plow. Perkins makes first steel plates for en graving. Massacre at Fort Dearborn, (Chiaego) I Indians. Attack en Baltimore. Bombardment of Fort McHenry. British defeated, and Gen. Ross killed Sept. 14. Treaty of peace with Great Britain signed, at Ghent, Dec. 24. '181t Battle of New Orleans. Defeat of the British, with the loss eof 1 1833 Morse invents electric magnet telegrapiL L. t their leader, Gen. Packenham, by Gen. SJackson, Jan. 80 'Capture of the frigate "President" by the British squadron, Jan. 15. Treaty of Ghent ratified by the Senate, Feb. 17. "Constitution" captures the "Cyane" and "Levant," Feb. 20. War declared with Algiers. The "Penguin" captured by the "IlHornet," March 23. Commodore Decatur sent against Algiers. Decatur captures Algerine frigate, June 17. Hunt first manufactures axes. Terrific gale and flood in New England, Sept. 23. 1816 Indiana admitted as a State. Second United States bank chartered. Steam first applied to paper making. Election of James Monroe, President. Mrs. Emma Willard opens her girls' school at Troy. This was known as the year without a summer. 1817 Illinois admitted into the Uni(in. Pensions granted revolutionary soldiers. Jackson subdues Indians in Georgia and Alabama. Erie Canal commenced. Mississippi admitted into the Union. Harper Bros. publishing house founded. Clymer invents Columbian printing press. New England Deaf and Dumb Asylam founded. 1818 Foundation of the new Capitol laid, at SWashington, Aug. 24. I'ensacola, Fla.,. captured from the Spanish. by Jackson. 1819 The "Savannah," the first steam packet that crosses the Atlantic, makes a voyage to Liverpool. The first permanent Lodge of Odd Fellows founded, in Baltimore, April 26. Alabama admitted into the Union, Dec. 14. 1820 Passage of the Missouri Compromise. Florida ceded to the United States by Spain for $5,000,000. Maine admitted into the Union, March 15. Heated discussion in Congress on the slavery question. Percussion caps for guns first introduced. Re-election of James Monroe as President. Petroleum first discovered in Ohio. Macadamized roads first introduced. Death of Daniel Boone. 121 Missouri admitted into the Union, Aug. 10. Jackson takes possession of Florida, July 21. Burnett first introduces lithography. Straw hats first made from American straw. 1828 The United States acknowledge the Independence of the South American Rbpublips. First English firm in California opens house at Monterey. Death of Maj.-Gen. Stark. First cotton mill built in Lowell. Ulliott makes first platform scales. War with the Cuban pirates. "U Las first successfully introduced in Boston. The Monroe doctrine, June 18. First gas company in New York. First teachers' seminary opened in Concord, Vt. 182 The principles of Robert Owen preached. Pins first made by machinery. First reformatory school founded in New York. Act passed to protect and encourage cotton manufactures. Convention with Great Britain to suppress slave trade, March 13. Convention with Russia in relation to northwest boundary, April 5. Arrival of Lafayette on a visit to the?. S. lction of John Quincy Ads ms as President. 18 The Capitol at Washington (lompleted. First edge tool manufactory established. Smith, a trapper, performs tht first overland journey to California, and found Folsom. Departure of Lafayette for France, Sept. 7. 182 Deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. Convention with Great Britain concern ing indemnities. Fiftieth anniversary of American Independence, July 4. Great anti-mason excitement. Abduction of William Morgan. Baron Von Humboldt visits the United States. Opening of the Erie Canal, Oct. 26. - uel between Henry Clay and John., Randolph. Delano's first fire-proof safes. Treaty with Creek Indians concluded. Treaty with the Kansas Indians, and the great and little Osages. Treaty with the Republic of Colombia. Continued intense excitement over the "Morgan affair". First railroad built at Quincy, Massachusetts, and operated by horse power. Passage of the Protective Tariff Bill. Sandpaper and emery first made. First locomotive introduced from England, by the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. Baltimore and Ohio railroad commenced. Congress makes provision for officers of the revolutionary war. Democrat and Republican first chosen by their respective political parties. General Jackson elected President. Treaty of Peace with Brazil and Buenos Ayres. Planing mill first patented. 1829 Andrew Jackson, President, opposes the project to recharter the Bank of the United States. Independence of Mexico recognized. Webster's great speech in Congress, Jan. 26. Virginia passes resolution against Tariff bill. First Asylum for the Blind established. First Horticultural Society formed. Removal of 700 officeholders by Jackson. 1830 Commercial treaty with Turkey. 'South Carolina asserts "States Rights". The Mormon church founded by Joseph Smith, April 6. Building of the South Carolina railroad. American Institute of Learning founded. Great debate between Webster and Hayne. 1831 Intense Tariff and Free trade excitement. Garrison starts the "Liberator" antislavery paper. Death of James Monroe, July 4. Manning mowing machines patented. Guthrie discovers chloroform. Howe invents first practical pin machine. Buttons first made by machinery. Western College of Teachers established. 122 President Jackson vetoes the Bank Bill. New protective tariff measure passed. South Carolina nullification movement. U. S. frigate "Potomac," attacks Qualla Batoo, Feb. 6. First case of asiatic cholera in U. S. June 21. Black Hawk war, and his capture, Aug. 27. University of New York organized, Sept. 26. Re-election of Andrew Jackson as President. Death of Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of Declaration of Independence. 183I Morse invents electric magnet telegraph. Cholera in New York, 3,400 deaths. Fairbank's Scale first patented. 133 The President removes the public deposits from the Bank of the United States. President Jackson begins his second term, March 4. The Southern States hold a states-right Convention. Clay's Compromise Tariff law passed. Gayler invents first practical safe. Death of John Randolph, May 24. Removal of several Indian tribes west of the Mississippi. Hoe's double-cylinder printing-press constructed. First successful reaper patented. Ericsson invents the caloric engine. 1834 Congress passes a vote of censure against the President for removing bank deposits; subsequently expunged. Lucifer matches first made. Walter Hunt invents first sewing machine, but fails to perfect and patent. Dr. Howe invents raised alphabet for use of the blind. 1835 Great, fire in New York. Congress establishes branch mints In Georgia, North Carolina, and Louisiana. Government purchase Cherokee bonds for $5,200,000. New York Herald established by Bennett. Death of Chief Justice Marshall, July 6. Roger Brooks Taney, appointed Chief Justice. Seminole Indian war renewed. Gas first introduced into Philadelphia. Brown makes first gold pens with diamond points. Guano becomes an article of commerce in the U. S. Massacre of Maj. Dade and his command in Florida. 1836 The national debt virtually paid. Arkansas admitted into the Union. Battle of San Jacinto, Texas; Santa Anna defeated and a prisoner, April 21. Bequest of James Smithson to the U. S. of $515,169. Smithsonian Institute at Washington Sfounded. Death of James Madison, June 28. Governor Call, of Georgia, invades Seminole country. Sam Houston elected President of Texas, Oct. 22. Martin Van Buren elected President. Burning of the Patent and General Postoffice at Washington. Texas declared independent. Sam Colt invents the revolver. First National Temperance Convention held at Saratoga. Adams' great debate for the right of petition. Death of Aaron Burr. Sioux and Winnebago Indians removed beyond the Mississippi. Scott subdues the Creek Indians. 187 Great financial crash and panic throughv out the country. arnden originates the express business. Michigan admitted into the Union. 188 First zinc produced in the country. "Wilkes' exploring expedition to the South Pole. United States Bank suspends specie payment, Oct. 5. Mormon war in Missouri. 1840 Intense political excitement. The Log Cabin campaign. Election of William Henry Harrison as President. Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber. The first steam fire engine constructed by Ericsson. Sub-Treasury bill becomes a law, June 30. First Washingtonian Society founded. Adams' Ekpress Company organized. Wilkes discovers Antarctic continent. 1841 William H. Harrison inaugurated, March 4, dies April 4; John Tyler, Vice-President, inaugurated President, April 6. McLeod difficulty. Webster's (Noah) Dictionary first published. Sub-Treasury bill repealed, Aug. 9. Bankruptcy Act becomes a law, Aug. 18. Imprisonment for debts due the government abolished. Greeley establishes the N~ew York Tribune. 1842 Kingford produces the first sample of pure corn starch. Mutiny on United States brig of war "Somers" instigated by Midshipman SSpencer. The Fourier community excitement. Fremont's expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Ashburton or first Washington Treaty signed, with England, Aug. 9. Bunker Hill monument completed. Termination of war with Seminoles. Lucifer matches first made by machinery. President vetoes bill for National Bank. Dorr rebellion in Rhode Island. Bankrupt Act repealed, March 3. Death of Dr. Channing, Oct. 2. 1843 William Miller and the "Millerites." $30,000 voted by Congress to aid Morse to.establish telegraph lines. Fremont explores Columbia River, Willamet Valley, and Klamath Lake. Great comet visible during the day. Death of Noah Webster. Wilder's patent for fire-proof safe. 1844 Explosion of the gun, the "peace-maker," killing the Secretaries of Navy and State. Commercial treaty with China. First telegraph line from Washington to Baltimore. First anti-slavery candidate nominated for the presidency.. The "Midas," first American steamboat, rounds Cape of Good Hope. James K. Polk elected President. Mormon war in Illinois, murder of Joseph Smith; Brigham Young selected as his successor. Copper discovered in Michigan. Texas asks for annexation. First telegraph line. 1845 Texas annexed by Act of Congress, Mexico takes offense. Florida and Iowa admitted into the Union. War declared by Mexico, June 4. Naval school at Annapolis opened. Elias Howe produces his first sewing machine. Great fire in Pittsburgh. Serious fire in New York, 300 buildings burned. Death of Justice Joseph Story. First manufacture of files. Zachary Taylor, with 4,000 troops, advanced to Corpus Christi, Texas. Negotiations toward purchase of San Domingo. Death of Andrew Jackson, June 8. Free Soil party originated. 1846 Northwestern boundary fixed at 498. Hostilities begin in Mexico. Battles of Palo Alto, May 8, and Resaea de la Palma, May 9; victory of Gois Taylor. Matamoras taken, May 1. New Tariff bill passed, July 28. President vetoes River Harbor bill, Aug. 3. "Wilson Proviso" against extension of slavery passes the House. un-cotton invented. reat fire in Louisville. Ether first used as an anesthetic by Dr. Jackson. 14S Gen. Kearney takes possession et New Mexico, Aug. 18. Commodore Stockton blockades Mexican ports on Pacific coast. Monterey taken by Gen. Taylor, Sept. 24. Eight days' armistice granted. California expedition, under Stephenson, sails from New York, Sept. 26. Tobasco, Mexico, bombarded by Perry, Oct. 25. Tampico taken by Gen. Conner, Nov. 14. Kearney defeats Mexicans at San Pasqual, Dec. 6. Col. Doniphan defeats Mexicans at Brazito, Dec. 25. Gen. Taylor relieved by Gen. Scott. The Mormons driven from Nauvoo, Ill. Iowa admitted as a State. 1847 Kearney victorious at San Gabriel and Mesa, Cal., Jan. 8, 9. Mexican Congress resolves to raise loan of $15,000,000 on property of the clergy, Jan. 8. Revolt of Mexicans in New Mexico against United States, Jan. 14. Defeat of insurgents at Canada, New Mexico, Jan. 24. Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 23; Taylor defeats Santa Anna. Battle of Sacramento; defeat of Mexicans, Feb. 28. Gen. Kearney declares California a part of the United States, March 1. Vera Cruz taken by army and navy, March 28. Alvarado capitulates, April 2. Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 8; Scott defeats Mexicans; also at Contreras, Aug. 20. Molino del Rey taken, Sept. 8. Gen. Scott enters the city of Mexico, Sept. 15. 1848 Death of John Quincy Adams, Feb. 21. Gold discovered in California, March. Oneida Community, New York, established. Wisconsin admitted into the Union, May 29. Missouri Compromise repealed. Election of Zachary Taylor as President. Corner stone of Washington Monument laid. Oregon Territorial bill passed, Aug. 13. First receipt of California gold at United States mint, Dec. 8. Treaty signed with Mexico, Feb. 2. Upper California ceded to United States. Mexicans unsuccessfully besiege Pueblo, held by Americans, Sept. 13 to Oct. 12. Huamantia taken by Americans, Oct. 9. Guyannes captured, Oct. 20. Great excitement at Rochester, N. Y., caused by "Spirit rappings." Food sent to starving Ireland. Los Angeles, Cal., taken by Kearney, and a system of government organized. 1848 Great fire in St. Louis. Prof. Webster murders Dr. Parkman, Nov. 23. United States gold dollar first coined. California adopts a constitution prohib-. iting slavery. Death of James K. Polk. June 15. 1849 Filibustering expeditions against Cu ' forbidden by the President. Visit of Father Mathew, the temperance advocate. Capt. Minie invents the Minie conica! bullet. Mason and Dixon's line surveyed. Cholera visits the United States, severe at Cincinnati and St. Louis. California Constitution formed at Monterey. Great riot at Astor Place Opera House, New York. 1850 Treaty with England for a transit way across Panama. French Ambassador dismissed from Washington. Death of John C. Calhoun, March 31. Congress passes the Oregon Donation Law. Uncle Tom's Cabin first published. Watches first made by machinery. Fugitive Slave Law passed. Death of Zachary Taylor, July 9. Grinnell Arctic Expedition sails. California admitted as a Free State, Sept 9. New Mexico and Utah organized as territories, Sept. 9. Visit of Jenny Lind to America, Sept. 12. Dahlgren invents the cast-Tron gun. 1851 Appearance of the great sea serpent. Completion of Erie railroad. Corner-stone of Capitol extension laid, July 4. First Asylum for Idiots established in New York. California Vigilance Committee formed. American yacht victorious at regatta in London, Eng. Frightful catastrophe at public school building, New York. Congressional Library destroyed by fire, Dec. 24. 1852 Dispute with rngland about the fisheries. Expedition to Japan, under Comn. Perry. First street-railway in New York. Deaths of Henry Clay, June 26, and Daniel Webster, Oct. 24. Treaty of Commerce with Chili. Branch mint established in San Francisco. Franklin Pierce elected President. 1853 Crystal Palace, New York, opened. Treaty with Mexico, for purchase of Arizona. Treaty with Ruissia. Explorations for a transcontinental railway. Yellow fever in New York. Children's Aid Society, New York, founded. Walker's filibustering expedition to Sonora, Mexico. 1854 Commercial Treaty with Japan signed, March 31. American, or Know-Nothing Society formed. Loss of the steamship Arctic. Cubans seize American mail-steamer Black Warrior, Feb. 28. First railway from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi, the Rock Island. American ship "Cayne" bombards Greytown, Central America, on refusal to pay for property destroyed, June 12. Invention of the Iron Tower for ironclad vessels, by Ericsson. Reciprocity Treaty with England; settlement of the Fishery question, Aug. 2. Bill passed organizing Kansas and Nebraska as Territories, repealing the Compromise of 1820, which excluded slavery from the entire Louisiana purchase, May 24. Massachusetts Aid Society send out settlers to Kansas. A. H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania, appointed Governor of Kansas. 1855 Territorial Legislature of Kansas meets at Shawnee, July; great emigration te Kansas. Free State men meet in convention at Topeka and form a Free State constitution, Oct. 23. Hostilities between the Free and Slave State settlers begin. Sioux Indians defeated by Gen. Harney. Paraguayans attack United States steamer, "Water-Witch." Completion of Niagara Suspension Bridge. Court Claims established. William Walker unsuccessfully in'zaL& Nicaragua. Dispute with Great Britain concerning recruiting for the Crimea army. ). 1846 Gen. Kearney takes possession of Now Ii I I FA m Copyright 19A by Geo. A. -Ogle & Co. OW m NEON=

Page  XXI SUPPLEMENT XXI. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 1855 British discovery ship "Resolute" abandoned in Arctic sea, brought to New London. 1856 Hoosac Tunnel begun. Victory of John Brown at Ossawatomie, Kan. Republican party formed. Alden invents type-setting machine. Rock Island bridge, across the Mississippi, opened, April 11. Affray at Panama between passengers and natives, April 15. Page makes first wood type by machinery. President declares creation of free state government in Kansas an act of rebellion. Brooks' assault upon Charles Sumner. Dismissal of British envoy at Washington, May 28. Introduction of sorghum, or Chinese sugar-cane.' Dudley observatory, Albany, inaugurated, Aug. 28. The government purchases the "Resolute," refitted and presented to British Government. Loom for weaving Axminster carpets first patented. Election of James Buchanan as President. 1857 Organization of the Fenian Brotherhood. Settlement of the Central American question. Death of Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer, Feb. 16. Robert J. Walker appointed Territorial Governor of Kansas. Taney renders Dred Scott decision, March 6. First attempt to lay Atlantic cable. Alden secures patent for condensed milk. Great financial crash. New York, Boston and Philadelphia banks suspend, Oct. 14, 15. Banks resume specie payments, Dec. 12, 14. Murder of Dr. Burdell; arrest and trial of Mrs. Cunningham, his mistress. Foundering of the "Central America" off Cape Hatteras; over 400 lives and $2,000,000 lost. Great religious revival throughout the country. Troubles with the Mormons in Utah; Col. Johnson, with a military force, sent out; Brigham Young forbids any armed force entering Salt Lake City; Mormon troops ordered to hold themselves in readiness; martial law decleared, Sept. 15. 1858 Dispute with England respecting the right of search. Completion of the first Atlantic telegraph, Aug. Death of Thomas H. Benton, April 15. Congress passes bill admitting Kansas under pro-slavery constitution, Aug. 30. Exciting campaign of Lincoln and Douglas in Illinois. Minnesota admitted as a State, May 18. Seward announces his "irrepressible conflict" doctrine. Kansas rejects the pro-slavery constitution by overwhelming majority, Aug. 3. First message across the Atlantic cable, from Victoria to the President, Aug. 16. Peruvians capture two American vessels. Burning of steamship "Austria," Hamburg to New York; nearly 500 lives lost. 1859 The Island of San Juan, near Vancouver's Island, occupied by United States troops. The Fenian organization perfected. Treaty with Paraguay signed, Feb. 10. Oregon admitted at a State, Feb. 14. Drake bores first oil well at Titusville, Pa. Great storm in the Northern and Southern States. Daniel E. Sickles shoots Philip Barton Key, Feb. 27. Kansas Free State party frame a State constitution at Wyandotte. Vicksburg Convention declares in favor of reopening slave trade, May 11. Publication of Worcester's Unabridged Dictionary. San Juan Island occupied by General Harney, July 9. Appearance of the potato bug. Election of Republican officers in Kan sas, Dec. 6. Comstock Great Bonanza Mine purchased for an Indian pony and a quantity of whisky. Treaty with Mexico signed. Grand Embassy from Japan, with treaty of peace, etc. Tour of the Prince of Wales. Hall's expedition to the Polar Sea. Arrival at New York of the Great Eastern, June 28. 1860 Election of Mr. Pennington as Speaker of the House. Abraham Lincoln elected President, Nov. 6. South Carolina passes the "Ordinance of Secession," being the first State of the Union to secede, Dec. 20. Meeting of Senatorial Committee of Thirteen, Dec. 21. Major Anderson transfers his command from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. The Parrott Gun invented by Robert R. Parrott. 1861 Mississippi secedes, Jan. 9. Florida secedes, Jan. 10. Alabama secedes, Jan. 11. South Carolina troops fire upon the "Star of the West." Georgia secedes, Jan. 18. Louisiana secedes, Jan. 26. Texas secedes, Feb. 1. Peace Convention assembled at Washington, Feb. 4. Provisional Government of Confederate States meet at Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 4th. Jefferson Davis, of Missi.ssippi, President, Feb. 8. Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of United States, Miarch 4. Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, bombarded-being commencement of hostilities in the Civil War, April 12. Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers, April 15. Proclamation announcing blockade of -Southern ports, April 17. Federal troops attacked in Baltimore, April 19. Destruction of stores at Norfolk Navy Yard by Union Commander, April 20. Maryland refuses to secede, April 27. Ellsworth shot at Alexandria by Jackson, May. Missouri turns over to Confederates entire control of financial and military resources of the State, May 2. Government call for 42,000 three years' volunteers, May 3. Arkansas secedes from the Union, May 6. Capt. Lyon receives surrender of Fort Jackson, May 10. Baltimore occupied by General Butler,, May 13. North Carolina secedes from the Union, May 20. Butler in command at Fortress Monroe, May 22. Advance of Union forces into VTirginia, May 24. Death of Stephen A. Douglas, June 3. Tennessee secedes from the Union, June 8, East Tennessee opposing it. Battle of Big Bethel, Va., June 10. Congress meets in extraordinary session, July 4. Battle near Carthage, Mo., July 5. AV 1861 Privateer "Sumter" escapes to sea, from New Orleans. July 7. Battle of Carrick's Ford, W. Va.; Confederate General Garnett killed. Battle at Romney, Va., June 11. West Virginia admitted as a State, June 11. Battle at Rich Mountain; Confederates, under Pegram, defeated by Rosecrans, July 11. Battle near Centrevilie, Va., July 18. Destruction of the Confederate "Petrel" by frigate "St. Lawrence." Maryland invaded by Stonewall Jackson, July. I Battle of Bull Run; Union forces, under McDowell, defeated; Union killed and wounded, 1,490; Confederates, 1,593 killed and wounded, July 21. Gen. McClellan assumes command of army in Virginia and on the Potomac. Battle of Laurel Hill, July 22. Battle of Drug Spring, Mo., under General Lyon; Southern forces defeated. Battle of Athens, Mo., under Gen. Lyon; Confederates defeated, Aug. 5. Battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo.; 5,200 men, under Gens. Lyon and Sigel, attack 24,000, under Gens. McCulloch, Price, etc.; Lyon killed; defeat of Sigel, Aug. 10. President Lincoln's non-intercourse proclamation, Aug. 16. Gen. Butler and Commodore Stringham take Forts Hatteras and Clark on North Carolina coast, Aug. 28. Fort Morgan abandoned by Confederates, Aug. 30. Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves in Missouri, Aug. 31. Battle of Carnifex Ferry, Gens. Rosecrans and Floyd, Sept. 10. Destruction of privateer 'Judah," Sept. 13. Repulse of Confederates at Cheat Mountain, W. Va. Battle of Lexington, Mo.; Col. Mulligan defends for four days against 26,000 Confederates, but is forced to surrender; loss, 2,500 prisoners, and a large amount of gold. Battle of Greenbrier, Va.; saccess of Union forces, Oct. 3. Confederate "Savannah" captured by U. S. brig "Perry." Wilson Zouaves repulsed at Santa Rosa Island, Oct. 9. Confederate privateer "Nashville" escapes from Charleston, S. C., Oct. 11. Repulse of Confederate ram and five ships at South West Pass, Oct. 12. Escape of Mason and Slidell from Charleston. Battle of Fredericktown, Mo.; flight of Jeff Thompson, Oct. 21. Recapture of Lexington, Mo., by Union troops. Gen. Sherman appointed to the command of Kentucky forces. Battle of Ball's Bluff; Col. Baker killed, Oct. 21. Zagonyi defeats Confederates at Springfield, Mo., Oct. 29. Gen. Scott resigns command of army. Gen. McClellan succeeds him. Soldiers' Aid Society formed at Detroit, Nov. 1. Commodore Wilkes, of "San Jacinto," takes Southern Commissioners, Mason and Slidell, from British steamer "Trent," in West Indian waters. Port Royal bombarded, Nov. 7. Battle of Belmont; Grant's first fight. Capture of Tybee Island, commanding Savannah, taken Dec. 20. Charleston Harbor shut by sinking stone fleet, Dec. 21. Gatling gun invented by J. Gatling. Death of Sam Houston, Oct. 8. Kentucky admitted into Confederate States, Dec. 9. Battle of Martinsburg, Va.; Gen. Pope, Union, captures 1,300 prisoners, Dec. 18. 1862 Indian massacre in Minnesota. Battle of Blue Gap, Va., Jan. 8. Death of John Tyler, Jan. 8. "Ericsson" Monitor launched at Greenpoint, Jan. 30. Edwin M. Stanton, of Pennsylvania, becomes Secretary of War, Simon Cam* eron, of Pennsylvania, retiring Jan. 13. Battle of Mill Springs, Ky.; Zollicoffer defeated by Union troops, under Gen. George H. Thomas, Jan. 19. Fort Henry, on Tennessee River, captured by naval forces, under Commodore A. H. Foote, Feb. 6. Roanoke Island, N. C., captured by Gen. Burnside and Commodore Goldsborough, Feb. 8. Fort Doneison, Tenn., surrendered to Gen. Grant, Feb. 16. Confederate Congress meets at Richmond, Va., Feb. 18. Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of Southern Confederacy, for six years, Feb. 22. Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark.; Gen. McCulloch killed March 8. Confederate ram, "Merrimac" sinks "Cumberland" and "Congress," U. S. naval vessels in Hampton Roads, Virginia, March 8. "Monitor," U. S. iron-clad, attacks and drives "Merrimac" back, March 9. Manassas Junction evacuated and occupied by Union forces, March 10. Battle of Winchester, Va.; Union loss, 115 killed, 450 wounded; Confederate loss, 869 killed, wounded, and missing, March 13. Battle of Newborn, N. C., March 14. Battle at Pittsburg Landing; Grant, Union commander; Gen. A. Sidney Johnston killed; Union loss, April 6 and 7, 13,573; Confederate loss, 10,699. Capture of Island No. 10, by Union forces, April 8. Raid of Gen. Mitchell; capture of Huntsville, Ala., and Russellville, Tenn. Fort Pulaski, Ga., surrendered after three days' bombardment, to Union forces, under Gen. Gilmore, April 11. Slavery abolished in District of Columbia, April 16. Bombardment of Fort Pillow, by Commodore Foote, April 17. Union fleet, under Farragut, passes up the Mississippi river and takes New Orleans, passing Forts Jackson and Philip. April 24. Gen. Butler in command, at New Orleans, May 1. Yorktown evacuated, May 4. Surrender of New Orleans to Commodore Farranut. Battle of WVilliamsburg, Va., May 5. Battle of West Point, May 7. Norfolk surrendered to Gen. Wool, May i0. Destruction of the "Merrimac," by the Con iederates, May 11. Natchez, Miss., surrenders to Commodore Farragut, May 13. Gen. Banks defeated at Winchester, May 25. Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia, May 29. Corinth evacuated, May 30. Little Rock captured, May 31. Battle of Fair Oaks; Union loss, heavy; renewal of battle of Fair Oaks, success of Unionists. Unionists lose Brashear City, June 13. Slavery abolished by all the Territories, June 19. Forts Pillow and Randolph evacuated, June 4. Surreader of Memphis, June 6. Repulse of Confederates, at Springfield, Mo., June 8. Seven days' fight before Richmond, un 1863 der McClellan, June 26; Mechanicsville, June 26; Gaines' Mills, June 27; Savage Station and Peach Orchard, June 28; White Oak Swamp, June 30; Malvern Hill, July 1; change of base to James river. President Lincoln calls for 300,000 volunteers, July 1. Murfreesborough captured by Forrest, July 5. Raid of Morgan in Kentucky, July 7. Surrender of Port Hudson, July 8. Death of Martin Van Buren, July 24. Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 9; Union forces under Banks, lose 1,500 killed, wounded, and missing; Confederates, under "Stonewall" Jackson. Raid of Phillips into Mississippi, Aug. 16. Battle of Sulphur Springs, Va., Aug. 24. Fighting on Rappahannock under Pope, Confederates under Ewell and Jackson, Aug. 27. Gen. Bragg invades Tennessee and Kentucky. Battle of Kettle Run, Va., Aug. 27. Battle of Groveton, Va., Aug. 29. Defeat of Union forces at Richmond, Ky., Aug. 29. Surrender of Memphis, Aug. 29. Second Battle of Bull Run; defeat of Federals, Aug. 30. Battle of Chantilly, Va.; Union Generals Kearney and Stevens killed, Sept. 1. Confederates cross Potomac into Maryland, at Poolsville, Md., Sept. 1. Battle of South Mountain, Md.; Union victory; Gen. Jesse L. Reno killed. Harper's Ferry surrendered, after three days' fighting by General Miles, Sept. 15. Battle of Antietam between Gen. McClellan and Gen. Lee. Retreat of the Confederates, Sept. 17. Battle of Iuka, Miss., between Gen. Rosecrans and Gen. Price, Sept. 19. Reoccupation of Harper's Ferry by Federals, Sept. 22. President Lincoln issues preliminary Proclamation of Emancipation, Sept. 22. Battle of Corinth, Miss., between Gens. Rosecrans and Price, defeat of the latter, Oct. 3, 4. Battle of Perryville, Ky., between Gens. Buell and Bragg; charge of Phil. Sheridan wins the day, Oct. 8. Raid of Confederates under Stuart into Pennsylvania: Chambersburg seized and looted, Oct. 10-12. Union Gen. 0. M. Mitchel, astronomer, died at Beaufort, S. C., Oct. 30. La Grange, Tenn., occupied by Gen. Grant with Union forces. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. Union forces under Gen. Burnside defeated. Union losses, 13,771. Battle of Kingston, N. C. Confederates defeated, Dec. 14. Murphy surrenders Holly Springs to General Van Dorn, Dec. 20. Jefferson Davis issues a proclamation outlawing Ben. Butler, Dec. 23. Porter's fleet open fire upon Vicksburg, Dec. 26. Sherman's unsuccessful attack upon Vicksburg, Dec. 27, 28. Iron-clad "Monitor" founders at sea, off Cape Hatteras. West Virginia admitted as a State of the Union, Dec. 31. Battle of Murfreesboro; Rosecrans defeats Bragg, Jan. 1. Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln goes into effect, liberating all slaves in Soutnern States. Death of Lyman Beecher, D. D., aged 87, Jan. 10. U. S. steamer "Hatteras" sunk by Southern privateer "Alabama" off Texas, Jan. 11. Capture of Arkansas Post by Gen. McClernand, Jan. 11. Confederate ram "Atlanta" captured off Savannah, Ga., by Union monitor "Weehawken," Jan. 17. First U. S. colored regiment enrolled in South Carolina, Jan. 25. Act to provide a national currency becomes a law, Feb. 25. Farragut runs batteries at Grand Gulf, April 1. Coin. Porter successfully runs the batteries at Vicksburg, April 16. Port Gibson and Grand Gulf, on Mississippi river, taken by U. S. Grant, May 1. Col. Grierson's raid through Mississippi arrives at Baton Rouge, May 2. Arrest of C. L. Valandigham. Severe fighting between Union forces, under Hooker, and Confederates, under Lee, about Chancellorsville, Va.; Confederate Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson killed; Hooker defeated, May 2, 3, 4. Battle of Jackson, Miss.; captured by Gen. Grant, May 14. Battle of Baker's Creek; Pemberton routed by Grant, May 16. Battle of Black River Bridge; retreat of Pemberton to Vicksburg, May 17. Vicksburg besieged by Grant, May 21. Colored troops first brought into action at Port Hudson, May 27. Battle at Milliken's Bend, June 6, 7. Retreat of Milroy from Winchester, June 14. Invasion of Pennsylvania by Lee's entire army, June 15-25. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.; Gen. Lee defeated by Union forces, under Gen. Meade, July 2, 3. Morgan begins his raid through Indiana and Ohio, July 3. Vicksburg surrendered by Gen. Pemberton to Union forces, under Grant, July 4. Port Hudson surrendered to Gen. Banks, and Natchez occupied by Gen. GrantMississippi river being thus opened to navigation, July 8. Anti-draft riots in New York; 2,000 rioters killed, July 13, 14, 15. Riot in Boston, July 15. Gen. Burnside occupies Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 3. Confederates evacuate Fort Wagner, Sept. 6. Burnside captures Cumberland Gap, Sept. 9. Battle of Chickamauga; Union forces, under Rosecrans, fall back to Chattanooga, Sept. 19. Quantrell raids Lawrence, Kan., Aug. 21. Gen. Wheeler starts on his raid into Tennessee, destroying much Government property, Oct. 2. Hooker takes Lookout Mountain, Oct. 28. First Fenian Congress held in the United States. Gen. Meade crosses the Rappahannock, Lee retiring, Nov. 7. Longstreet begins the siege of Knoxville, Nov. 17. Battle of Missionary Ridge; success of Federals, Nov. 24. Repulse of Longstreet at Knoxville, Nov. 28, 29. Banks starts on his expedition into Texas, Nov. 29. Longstreet raises the siege of Knoxville, Dec. 5. President Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty, Dec. 8. SDraft of 500,000 men ordered by President Lincoln, Feb. 1. Colt's armory, at Hartford, destroyed by fire, Feb. 8. Disaster to Union forces in Florida, un-. der Gen. Seymour, Feb. 20. Kilpatrick's raid into Virginia. Gen. Dahlgren killed, Feb. 28. 1864 General Grant made Lieutenant-Gen- 1865 Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville, 1864 1865 General Grant made Lieutenant-General, March 2. A Free State government inaugurated in Louisiana, March. Admiral Porter's Red River expedition, March 4. Gen. U. S. Grant appointed Commanderin-Chief of army of United States, March 12; assumes command, March 17. A call for 200,000 more men, March 15. Arkansas votes to become a Free State, March 16. Battle of Jenkins Ferry, Ark.; defeat of Kirby Smith, April 4. New York Sanitary Commission Fair receipts over one million dollars. Union expedition to Mansfield, La.,' foiled, April 8; Union forces, reinforced, repulse Confederates at Pleasant Hill. Fort Pillow massacre, April 12. Wessels surrenders Plymouth, N. C., to Confederates, April 20. Severe fighting between Confederates, under Lee, and Union forces, under Grant, in Virginia, in advance on Richmond, May 3-11. Battle of Wilderness, May 5. Occupation of City Point by General Butler, May 4. Sherman begins his march toward Atlanta, May 7. Battle of Resaca, Ga., between Generals Sherman and Johnston, May 15. Failure of Butler to capture Drury's Bluff, May 16. Death of Nathaniel Hawthorne, May 19. Fighting between Lee and Grant at the North Anna, May 21-24. Battle of Dalton, Ga., May 28; Union victory. Sheridan captures Cold Harbor, May 31. Evacuation of Allatoona Pass, June 1. Battle of Cold Harbor, June 2, 3. Battle of Piedmont, Va., June 5. Hunter attacks Lynchburg; retreats into West Virginia, June 8. Army of the Potomac crosses to south side of James River, June 12-15. Assaults on Petersburg; Union forces losing 10,000 men in four days, June 16-18. Confederate privateer "Alabama" sunk by the United States steamer "Kearsarge," off Cherbourg, France, June 19. Hood attacks Hooker at Kennesaw and fails, June 22. Emancipation Amendment submitted to the States by Congress, June 22. Butler occupies Deep Bottom, ten miles below Richmond, June 22.Maryland abolishes slavery, June 24. Repulse of Thomas and McPherson at Kennesaw, June 27. Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 repealed by Congress, June 28. Early begins his raid into Maryland, July 2. Wallace defeated by Early at Frederick, Md., July 9. Rosseau's raid into Alabama, July 10. Early's entire army within six miles of Washington, July 12. Gold reaches highest premium, viz., 284 per cent, July 16. Greeley's negotiations with Confederates, at Niagara, July 18. Battle around Atlanta between forces under Hood, Confederate, and under Sherman, Union, July 22. Chambersburg, Pa., burned by General Stuart, juiy 30. Explosion of a mine under Confederate works, Petersburg, July 30. Farragut captures Mobile, Aug. 3. Great naval victory, under Farragut, at MObile, Ala., Aug. 5. Atlanta evacuated and occupied by Sherman, Aug. 31. Battle of Winchester, Va.; Sheridan captures 5,000 prisoners, 5 guns, and all the wounded, Sept. 19. Defeats of Early, by Sheridan, in Shenandoah, Sept. 19-22. Thirteenth Amendment passed, forever abolishing slavery. Pilot Knob evacuated by Unionists, Sept. 27. Death of Chief-Justice Roger Brooks Taney, Oct. 12. Overwhelming defeat of Early at Cedar Creek, Oct. 19. Raid of Confederates on St. Albans, Vt., Oct. 19. Destruction of ram "Albemarle" by a tort edo affixed to her by Lieut. Cush ing, Oct. 27. President Lincoln re-elected; Andrew Johnson Vice-President, Nov. 8. Sherman commences his "March to the Sea," from Atlanta, Nov. 16. Incendiarism by Confederates in New York, Nov. 25. Battle of Franklin, Tenn., between Hood and Thomas, Nov. 30. Battle of Nashville, under Gen. Thomas. Great victory. Confederates under Hood retreat, Dec. 15, 16. Savannah, Ga., occupied by Gen. Sherman, completing the "March to the Sea," December 21. President orders a draft for 300,000 more men, Dec. 19. Butler and Porter attack Fort Fisher, N. C., and fail, Dec. 24, 25. Establishment of the Freedman's Bureau. Fort Fisher, N. C., captured by Gen. Terry and Commodore Porter, Jan. 15. Sherman leaves Savannah, and starts northward, Feb. 1. President's Conference with Confederate Commission, Feb. 3. Evacuation of Charleston. S. C., by Confederates, Feb. 17. Its occupation by Union forces, Feb. 18. Re-inauguration of President Lincoln, March 4. Confederate Congress adjourns for the last time, March 18. Desperate fighting commences before Richmond. Battle of Five Forks, April 1. Gen. Grant advances upon Petersburg, April 2. Richmond and Petersburg evacuated during night of April 2. Flight of Davis from Richmond, April 2. Richmond and Petersburg occupied by Union forces, April 3. Selma, Ala., captured with large stores, April 5. Battle of Sailors' Creek; defeat of Ewell and Custis Lee, April 6. Grant demands the surrender of the Southern army, April 7. Lee surrenders to U. S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Va., April 9. Mobile evacuated by the Confederates, April 10. Montgomery, Ala., surrenders to Wilson, April 11. President issues orders to stop drafting and further purchase of war m-aterial, April 13. President Lincoln assassinated, in Washrington, by Wilkes Booth, April 14. Attempted assassination of Seward, April 14. President Lincoln dies, April 15. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, VicePresident, takes oath of office as President. Macon, Ga., occupied by Union forces; great amount of army stores taken, April 20. Capture and death of Wilkes Booth, April 25. Gen. Johnston's army surrenders to Gen. Sherman, April 26.." 1865 Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville, Ga., with part of his cabinet, May 10. Engagement at Boco Chico, between 500 Confederates and 400 Union troops, being the last in the "War of the Rebellion," May 12. Grand review of the army, at Washington, May 23, 24. Gen. Kirby Smith surrenders all his command, Trans-Mississippi Army, May 26. Amnesty Proclamation of President Johnson, with fourteen different exceptions, May 29. Georgia declares slavery abolished, etc., December 4. Secretary Seward officially declared slavery abolished throughout the Us S., Dec. 18. Mississippi nullified secession ordinance, Aug. Alabama declared ordinance of secession null and void, Sept. 12. South Carolina repealed the secession' ordinance, Sept. 15. Florida annulled secession ordinance, Oct. 25. Proclamation opening all ports in Southern States, and ending blockade, June 23. Execution of assassination conspirators, Harold, Payne, Atzerotb, and Mrs. Surratt, July 7. Rebel Indian Chiefs sign treaty of loyalty, Sept. 14. Execution of Capt. Wirz, the Andersonville prison commandant, Nov. 10. 1866 Death of Rufus Choate, Jan. 15. Passage of the Freedman's Bureau BillD over the President's veto, Feb. 20. President's proclamation declaring the insarrection ended. Death of General Winfield Scott, May 29. Fenians invade Canada, June 1. Fourteenth Amendment passed the Senate, June 8. Successful laying of the Atlantic Cable, July 27. Massacre in New Orleans, July 30. 1867 Nebraska admitted as the thirty-seventh State. Tenure of Office bill passed, June 4. Confiscation and Amnesty bill passed, Jan. 4. Purchase of Alaska, for $7,200,000, March 3. Jefferson Davis admitted to bail, in the sum of $100,000, May 13. Southern States organized as military districts, Jan. 1868 Impeachment, trial, and acquittal of. President Johnson. Death of Kit (Christopher) Carson, trapper and guide, May 23. Death of James Buchanan, June 1. Death of Matthew Vassar, June 23; he_ donates $800,000 for endowment, etc., of Vassar College. Wyoming Territory organized, July 23. Death of Thaddeus Stevens, Aug. 11. Cornell University, of Ithaca, opened, Sept. Election of Gen. Grant as President, Nov. 3. 1869 Pacific Railway completed; May 10. Death of Franklin Pierce, Jan. Nolle Prosequi ends prosecution of Jftferson Davis, Feb. 6. Fifteenth Amendment passed, Feb. 25. Supreme Court pronounces Confederate currency to be worthless. Great peace jubilee at Boston, June 15 -20. French frontier cable laid, July 27. Great Wall street panic, "Black Friday," Sept. 24. Death of George Peabody, Nov. 4. Death of Edwin M. Stanton, Dec. 14. 1870 Ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment by the States. Death of Admiral David G. Farragut, Aug. 14. Death of Gen. R. E. Lee, Oct. 12. The Nathan murder, New York, July 28. Proclamation of neutrality in Franco-1 German war. First narrow-gauge railway built, Denver & Rio Grande. Ku-Klux bill passes Congress. 1871 Treaty of Washington with Great Britain. Great fire at Chicago; 17,450 buildings destroyed; loss about $196,000,000, Oct. 8. The Yellowstone National Park bill Spassed. Visit of the Grand Duke Alexis to United States. The Credit Mobilier scandal. 1872 Settlement of the Alabama Claims. Congress removes the political disability of the Southern people. Re-election of President Grant. Great fire at Boston; loss about $78,000,000, Nov. 9. Death of Horace Greeley, Nov. 29. Death of Samuel F. Morse, inventor of the electric telegraph. - Northwestern boundary question settled by the Emperor of Germany. Death of James Gordon Bennett, June 1. Epizootic throughout the United States. National Granges organized. Death of William H. Seward. 1873 Wreck of the Atlantic, 535 lives lost,.April 1. Modoc massacre, death of General Canby, April 11. Colfax massacre, La., by White League, April. Death of Salmon P. Chase, Chief Justice, May 7. Beecher and Tilton scandal, Brooklyn, July. The Salary Grab Bill. Failure of Jay Cooke & Co.; great financial panic, Sept. 19. Trial and conviction of William M. Tweed, Nov. 22. Seizure of the "Virginius," and execution of a number of her passengers by the Spanish autherities in Cuba. Surrender of the "Virginius" to the United States by Spain, Dec. 12. Death of Louis Agassiz, Dec. 14. 1874 Woman's Temperance Crusade. Visit of Kalakaua, King of Hawaii. Compromise Currency Bill signed by the President. Death of Charles Sumner, March 11., Grasshopper raid In the Northwest. Abduction of Charley Ross, July 1. A second large fire in Chicago, July 14. Presidential election-; result dispute., November 7. 1875 Passage of the Act for the Resumption of Specie Payments in 1879. Colorado admitted into the Union, March 4. Centennial celebration at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill. Death of Andrew Johnson, July 31. Trial of Henry Ward Beecher for adultery. Trial of Prof. Swing for heresy, May 5. Death of John C. Breckinridge, May 17. Military rule discontinued in the Southern States. Suspension of the California Bank, and suicide of President Ralston. Death of Henry Wilson, Nov. 22. Great fire in Virginia City, Nev., Oct. 25. Foundering of steamship "Pacific," between San Francisco and Portlanid, Nov. 4. Death of William B. Astor, Nov. 24. Escape of Tweed from the custody of the Sheriff, Dec. 4. Great revivals, under Moody and Sankey. J Great inundation in Texas. II I p (! I 1~ I J 1864! I' Co-Dvri-iht.u aby (Geo. A. Ogsle & Co. ^ I n~viht.l000-PK hv ý.A. O ýl & Co

Page  XXII SUPPLEMUNT XYII. ANCIENT, ME DIEVAt A1ND MODERN HISTORY. so 187 187f 1880 1881 Openinag of the Centennial Exhibition at Ph0.adelphia, May 10; it closes, Nov. Serious difficulties between Americans and Chine-se in California. Bursting of reservoir at Worcester, Mass., destroying millions of dollars worth of property, March 3. Death of Alexander T. Stewart, April 10. War with Sitting Bull and the Sioux. Massacre at Hamburg, S. C., June. Massacre of Gen. Custer and his command, by the Sioux Indians, July 2. Oompletion of the, First One Hundred Years of American Independence; great rejoicing throughout the United States, July 4. Gastle Garden, N. Y., destroyed by fire, July 9.~ Younger Brothers and Northfield Bank robbery, Sept. 7. Arrest of W. M. Tweed, at Vigo, Spain, Sept. 8. Yellow fever in Georgia, September. Trial of Molly Maguires, October. Dastardly attempt to rob the grave of Pregid'ent Lincoln, Nov. 7. Burning of the Brooklyn Theater, 276 lives lost, Dec. 5. First furnace for cremation built, at Washington, Penn., Dec. 6. The Ashtabula railroad horror, Dec. 29. 747 Close of the Indian War. The Electoral Commission Bill passed by Congrpess, Jan. 25, 26. Rutherford D. Hayes declared President, March 2. Blue Glass mania. Death of Cornelius Vanderbilt, June 4. Great Railroad riots, East and West, July and August. i Yellow fever epidemic along the Lower MISSISSIPPI. Meeting of the Alabama Claims Commission., Feb. 27. Fenians attempt a second invasion of Canada, May 29. Death of Robert Dale Owen, June 24. The Colorado Petrified Giant humbug. Return of Henry M. Stanley from African explorations, August. Death of Brigham Young, Aug. 29. Death of Oliver P. Morton, Nov. 1. Earthquake shocks in New England and middle States. Ku-Klux Bill passed by Congress. Death of Benjamin F. Wade, March 2. Development of the telephone and phonograph. Bankrupt Repeal Bill passed, May 10. Death of William Cullen Bryant, June 12. Indian outbreak In Washington Territory, July. Chinese Embassy visits the United States. Silver Bill passed by both Houses of Congress. Yellow fever in the South. Gold sold at par--the first time since 1862-Dec. 17. 9 Resumption of specie payments, Jan. 1. Death of Richard Henry Dana, Feb. 2. Great fire at Reno, Nev., March 2. New Constitution of California adopted, May 2. Death of William Lloyd-.Garrison, May 24. Terrible tornado in Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri, May 30. Bill to erect a monument on site of Washington's birthplace, passes both Houses, June 10. Waterspout in Dlack Hills causes great loss of property and life, June 12. Disastrous storms east and west, July. Great fire at Deadwood, Dak., Sept. 26. Death ot Gen. Joseph Hooker, Oct..11. Death of Zachary CThandler, Or-+ 31. At the General Election, the Repjublica'n candidates secured 213 out of 369 electoral votes, Nov. 6. Electoral College vote counted, Feb. 9. Three per cent. funding bill passed, March 2. Steamer Corwin sails for the Arctic regions in search of the Jeannette, March 4. Revised New Testament issued, May 120. Star route frauds exposed, May 26. The great comets of 1881 first seen, June 20. Sitting Bull, Chief 3f the -Sioux, surrenders, July 31. James A. Garfield Inaugurated, March 4. Contest between Garfield and Senator Conkling (N. Y.) about New York Collectorship, May. Commercial treaty with China signed, May 5. Great BritaIn pays 21.5,000 award for damage done to American fisberies in Fortune Bay affair. Assassination of President Garfield by Charles J. Guiteau, at Baltimore railway depot in Wash~ington, July 2. Death of President Garfield at Elberon, N. J., Sept. 19, burial at "Cleveland, Sept. 26. Vice Presrdent Arthur becomes President, Sept. 26. Srecial session of the Senate, Oct. 10. The celebrated Guiteau trial begins, Nov. 14. News of destruction of Jeannette, Arctic exploring vessel, Dec. 30. Guiteau convicted Jan. 25; sentenced Feb. 4: hanged June 30. Anti-Chinese bill (twenty years) passed March 23; vetoed by the President April 4. Senate passes Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Bill, Feb. 16; approved March 23. Apportionment bill passes the I-ouse, Feb. 17. Great Mississippi overflow, wide destruction and loss of life. 'lariff Commission Bill Passes both Houses, May 6-9; approved May 15. Jill extending National Bank charters passed both Houses, May 19. Violent cyclone at Grinnell, Ia., June 8. Second Anti-Chinese bill (ten years) passed; signed by President Arthur, May 6. Collision of the Scioto on Ohio river, 59 persons drowned, July 4. River and Harbor Bill passed over the President's veto, Aug. 2. Return of the survivors of the North Pole expedition. Star Route trial ended by verdict of jury, Sept. 11, acquitting Turner, convicting Miner and Rerdell, and disagreeing as to Brady, the Dorsey brothers, and Vail. Steamer Asia founders on Lake Huron, 100 lives lost, Sept. 14. Utah Commission completes registration of voters, Sept.f Z I is 188, 1887 L888 582 The Pendleton CivTil Service Bill passes Senate, Dec. 27. N8 Civil Service Reform bill passes the House, Jan. 4. Presidential Succession Bill passed Senate, Jan. 9; not considered in the House. Burning of Newhall House, Milwaukee, 59 lives lost, Jan. 10. Great flood in Ohio River, 50,000 people homeless, Feb. 10-15. Tariff and Tax Amendment Dill passes both I-louses, March 2. Death of Alexander H. Stephens, aged 71, March 4. Death of Peter Cooper, aged 92, April 4. Cyclone at Beauregard, Miss., 83 livres lost; tornadoes in Iowa and Georgia, April 22. Opening of the Brooklyn Suspension Bridge, May 24. Pendleton Civil Service Act passes both Houses, July 16. Steamer Proteus of the Greely Relief Expedition crushed by ice in Smith's Sound, July 23. Terrific tornado at Rochester) Minn., many lives lost, Aug. 21. Northern Pacific Railroad f ormally opened, Sept. 8. Civil Rights Act of March 1, 1875, declared unconstitutional by U. S. Supreme Court, Oct. 15. Gen. Sherman relinquishes command of the army, Nov. 1; Gen, Sheridan succeeding. Two-cent letter postage goes into effect throughout the United States, Oct. 1. Serious riot at Danville, Va., between negroes and white military, Nov. 3. Dakota adopted a constitution erecting Southern Dakota into a Staýte, Nov. 6. ]Festivals in honor of the 400th anniversary of Luther's birth, Nov. 10-11. 48th Congress organized. R4 House repeals the iron-clad oath law, Jan. 21. Germany returns resolutions of the House laudatory of Ruskin, Feb. 15. United States Supreme Court affirms the constitutionality of Legal Tender Act, March 3. Mexican War pension bill pasires I-ouse, March 3. The Senate ratifies commnercial treaty with Mexico, M!arch 11. Defeat of Morrison Tariff bill, May 6. Congress appropriates $1,000,000 for New Orleans Exposition, May 8. Great panic in Wall street; Failure of Grant and Ward and others, May 6-14. Relief expedition rescues survivors of the Greely Arctic expedition, at Cape Sabine, June 22. President vetoes the Fitz-John Porter bill, July 2. Corner-stone of the Bartholdi Statue of Liberty laid, Aug. 6. The general election resulted in the election of Grover Cleveland, who carried 20 States, securing 219 electoral votes against 182 for James G. Bla.lne, Nov. 4. Opening of the 48th Congress, Dec. 1. 5 Grover Cleveland resigns the New York governorship, Jan. 6. Dedication of the Washington monument, the tallest structure known, 555 f eet, Feb. 21. Occupation of Aspinwall, S. A.-,)y United States troops. Inauguration of Grover Cleveland. as President, Mdarch 4. New Orlean1.s Exposition opened, Dec. 16. Treaty with Colomibian Government, providing a joint protectorate over the Isthmus, May 5. The Revised Old Testament and com Bill for free and unlimited coinage of silver defeated, April 8. Chicago Anarchist riot, 6 police killed and 61 wounded, May 4. Anarchists indicted at Chicago, May 27. President Cleveland married to Miss Frances Folsom, June 2. Oleomargarine bill passes the Senate, June 20. Morrison Tariff bill defeated, June 17. House of Representatives passed bill repealing the lpre-emption, timber culture and desert-land laws, June 7. Bill to repeal the Civil Service law Indefinitely postponed by the U. S. Senate, June 18. Congress requires the Treasury to Issue small denomination silver certificates, July 24. The President warns office holders against attempts -to control political movements, July., Death of Samuel J. Tilden, aged 74, Aug. 4. Chicago anarcbists to the number of 8, found guilty of murder, Aug. 20. Earthqualre Pt Charleston, S. C., destroyin6 $5,000.000 worth of property and 57 lives, Aug. 30-31. Surrender of the Apache chief Geronimo and his band, Sept. 4. Death of Ex-President Chester A. Arthur, aged 56. Bill to regulate the counting of electoral votes passed, Dec. 9. Inter-State Commerce bill signed,. Feb. 4. House defeats the Dependent Soldier Pension Bill, Feb. 24. Belmont Retaliation bill passed, March 2. Bill to redeem trade dollars passed, March 19. Inter-State Commerce commission appointed, March 22. Mormon convention at Salt Lake City adopt a Constitution, July 1. Defeat of the Scotch cutter Thistle by the American Volunteer in race for ""America cup," Sept. 27 and 30. President and Mrs. Cleveland leave WYashington for a Western trip. Mormon confvention of monogamists petition Congress for admission of Utah as a State, Oct. 8. United States Supreme Court refuses to interfere with the finding of Illinois courts in anarchist cases, Nov. 1. Governor Oglesby commutes death sentences of -Schwab and Fielden to life Imprisonment, Nov. 10. Ranging, at Chicago, of the anarchists Parsons, Spies, Engel and Fischer, Nov. 11. Republican National Committee select Chicago for National Convention, June 16, 1888. Dec. 8. Terrible blizzard in Minnesota, Dakota and Iowa; 900 lives lost, Jan. 12. Inter-State Commission confirmed by the U. S. Senate, Jan. 16. Fisheries treaty with Great Britain signed at Washington, Feb. 15. Strike of engineers and firemen on the C., B. & Q. R. R. began Feb. 25 - 11 IM8 Deadlock in the House of Representatives over the Direct Tax bill, April 9. Death of Chief Justice Morrison R. Waite, aged 72 years, March 23. Knights of Labor appeal to Congress for a system of Government telegraph, April 12. Death of Roscoe Conklin, ex-U. S. Senator, aged 60 years, April 18. Daily sales of U. S. bonds began, April 23. Melville W. Fuller, of Ill-inois, nominated by the President as Chief Justice, April 30; confirmed by the Senate, July 20. Chinese Treaty ratified by U. S. Senate, May 7. Execution of murderers by electricity after Jan. 1, 1889, passes N. Y. Senate, May 8; approved by the Governor, June 4. The President approves of bill to invite a conference of Amaerican States at Wrashington in 1889, May 24. Lieut.-Gen. Philip H. Sheridan confirmed as General of the hA.my, June 1. National Democratic Convention at St. Louis renominates President Cleveland, June 6. National Department of Labor bill approved by the President, June 13. The President signed the Chinese Exclusion Bill, forbidding any Chinese laborer who has been, or may now be, or may hereafter be, a resident within the U. S., and may depart therefrom, and who may not have returned before the passage of this act, to return to, or remain in, the U. S., Oct. 1. Death of General Philip H. Sheridan, aged 57 years, 'August 5. Major-Gen. John M. Schofield appointed to the command of the army, August 14.4 U. S. Senate rejects the Fisheries treaty, August 21. President's message to the U. S. Senate recommending enlarged powers under the Retaliation act, August 23. Floods at Augusta, Ga., destroyed $1,000,000 worth of property, Sept. 12. Bill prohibiting coming of Chinese laborers approved, Sept. 13. September wheat touched $2 on Chicago Board of Trade, Sept. 29. U. S. Supreme Court sustains the constitutionalit-y of the Iowa "Prohibitory Law," Oct. 292. The "Murchison" decoy letter to Lord Sac'kyille West made public, Oct. 24. ",oral Sackville West, British Minister, dismissed by the President; Oct..20. National Election for President; the Republican candidates elected, Nov. 6. Official yellow fever bulletin gave total number of deaths 412, and of cases 4,705, at Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 10. U. S. men-of-war Galena and Yantic sailed for Hayti to demand release of the Haytian Republic, Dec. 12. 1889 Great storm in Pennsylvania; many lives lost at Pittsburgh and Reading, Jan. 9. Niagara Suspension Bridge blown down at 3 a. m., Jan. 10. Department of Agriculture created, Feb. 4. The States of North and South Dakota, Montana and Washington, created by Congress, Feb. 20. Benjamin Harrison inaugurated President, March 4. Oklahoma proclamation issued, May 27. Opening of the Oklahoma country, April 22. Centennial of Washington's inauguiration, April 30. Murder of Dr. Cronin at Chicago, May 4. Destrucntion -by flood of John-stnwn, Pa.; 1890 Appointment of Special World_'s F-air Committee, Jan. 18. La Grippe or Influenza prevalent throughout the Northern and Western States. Death of Gen. Crook, at Chicago, March Act approved providing for the World's Columbian Exposition, at Chicago, April 25. Death of Gen. Fremont, at New York City, July 13. First execution by electricity, at Auburn, N. Y., Win. Kemmler, Aug. 6. First legislature of Oklahoma meets, Au g. 31. Act forbidding the use of the mails for lottery purposes, approved Sept. 19. The McKinley tariff bill takes effect, Oct. 6. General election; next House of Representatives Democratic, Nov. 4. The 51st Congress convenes, Dec. 1. Sitting Bull and seven other Indians killed near Standing Rock Agency, D ec. 15. Battle of Wounded Knee, between the 7th Cavalry and hostile Indians, Dec. 2ý. 1891 Death of George Bancroft, historian, at Washington, Jan. 17. Death of Wm. Windom at a banquet In New York, Jan. 29. Internat'onal Monetary Congress met at Washington, Jan. 7. Application before the U. S. Supreme Court for- a prohibition to the U. S. District Court on its decision in the Behring Sea difficulty by Canadian representativus, Jan. 12. Sioux Indian war ended by submission of the Hostiles, Jan. 15. Reciprocity treaty with Brazil announced, Feb. 5. Death of Admiral David D. Porter. at Washington, Feb. 13. Death of Gen.WWm. T. Sherman, at Washington, Feb. 14. Charles Fos-ter, of Ohio, appointed Secretary of the Treasury, Feb. 21. Copyright bill passed Congress, March 8. Act creating Circuit Court of Appeals, passed March 3. French Spoliation Bill passed, March 3. The Copyright bill becomes a law, March 4. The Enlistment of Indians in the U. S. army authorized March 6. Proposed arbitration of Behring Sea dispute, March 11. Lynching of 11 Italians at New Orleans, March 14. Nicaragua Canal Party sails, March 1!4. American Society of Authors formed for the protection of writers, March 20. Recall of the Italian Minister, Baron Fava, March 31. 25th anniversary of the founding of the Grand Army of the Republic, April 6. Ground broken for the Grant Monument, New York City, April 27. 11 UPPLEMENT XXII. 1891 Chinese Government refuses to receiv the American Minis-ter, H-. W. Blah April 28. Fort Berthold Reservation, N. D., opene for settlement, May 20. "The People's Party"' formed at Oin cinnati, May 20. Statue of Abraham Lincoln unveileda Lincoln Park, Chicago, May 23. Bronze statue of General Grant, at Ga lena, Ill., unveiled, June 3. The Czar of Russia presents Stanfor( University with a complete collectiol of Russian and Siberian m.fneraU June 12. Surrender of the Chilian ship, ItaUtaa Iquique, to the U. S., June 4. First shipment of block tin froM CaU fornia mines, June 15. International Postal Congress held al Vienna decides to hold next Congrew at Washington, June 25. Commercial treaty with Spain signed, June 26. Transfer of the Weather Bureau to th( Agricultural Department, June 30. $500.00- accepted from the Itata for violation of the U. S. Navigation laws, July, Libel filed against the arms and ammunition on the Itata, at San Diego, July 12. Statue of Stonewall Jackson unveiled ai Lexington, Va., July 21. Smokeless powder used for the first tiMc by the U. S. Government, July 25. The "Majestic" breaks the ocean record, time being 5d. 18h. 8m., Aug. 5. Cherokee strip in Indian Territory closed to Whites, Aug. 13. Rain-making experiment at Midland, Texas, Aug. 19. The "Teutonic" breaks the trans-Atlantic record of the "Majestic," time 5d. 16h. 31m., Aug. 19. Indian lands of Oklahoma opened, Sept. 22. Dedication of Pope Leo XIII. statue, presented to the Catholic University at Washington, Sept. 28. Leland Stanford, Jr.., Univer.,city at Palo Alto, Cal., opened, Oct. 1. Equestrian statue of General Grant at Lincoln Park, Chicago, unveiled, Oct. 7. Commercial treaty with Germany con. cluded, Oct. 11. Shoshone and Arapahoe Indians sell one million acres of land to the Gov.,.rnment at 55 cents an acre, Oct. 16. U. S. Government demands reparation from Chili f or assault on the crew of the Baltimore, Oct. 26. Argument in the Sayward case, to test U. S. jurisdiction over Behring Sea, begun in the U. S. Supreme Court, Nov. 9. Congress met; Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, chosen Speaker, Dec. 7. L8SQ Stevens County, Kan., war again breaks out, Jan. 5. Inter-State Commerce Commission appointed by the President, Jan. 5. Terrible -mine explosion at McAlester, Ind. Ter., nearly 100 lives lost, Jan. 7. Secretary Blaine notifies foreign countries of retaliatory measures, as required by the Tariff Law, Jan. 8. Special message to Congress from the President, recommending financial aid to the World's Columbian Exhibition, Feb. 24. The President submits correspondence with England to Congress, regarcling,:, Behring Sea controversy, March 9. Ex-Congressman W. R. Morrison selected as President of the Inter-State Commerce Commission, vice Judge Cooley, resigned, March 21. Free Silver coinage debate in Congress, March 22-24. Fre~inch EtA~fnradiio+nn Treaty igned, corner stone, New York City, April 27. Olhinese Exclusion bill signed, May 5. TParrihle floods in the Mississippi ValOw, May 8-15. Wyoming appoints women to National Republican Convention, May 7. The Alliance party proposes a new currency, May 8. The Pope approves Archbishop Ireland's Educationa;, Policy, May 10. Association of^ American authors formed, May 17. Reciprocity with Guatemala goes into effect, May 30. James G. Blaine resigns as Secretary of State, June 4. Republican National Convention held, June 7. Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid nominated, June 10. Democratic National Convention held, June 21. Grover Cleveland and Adlai Stevenson nominated, June 23. Peary Arctic relief expedition sails, June 27. Homestead, Pa., Steel Works closed, June 30. Prohibitionists nominate John Bidwell for President, July 1. People's Party nominate James B. Weaver for President, July 4. Slaughter of Pinkerton inen at Hsmestead, July 6. National Christian Endeavor Society Convention at New York, July 7. Pennsylvania troops take possession of Homestead, Pa., July 10. Bill to close the World's Fair on Junday passes both Houses, July 14. Great storms in Minnesota, July 30. The President proclaims Oct. 12 a National holiday, July 21. H. C. Frick, chairman Camoste Steel Co., shot by Berkman, July 23. George Shiras confirmed by the Senate as Associate Justice U. S. Supreme Court, July 26. Inman Steamer City of Parts breaks the Ocean Record, 5d. 15h. 58m., July 27. Central Labor Union rejects anarchistic resolutions, July 30. Congress appropriates $2,500,000 to the World's Fair, Aug. 5. Chinese sailors forbidden employment on American ships, Aug. 5. International Monetary representatives appointed by the President, Aug. 7. Trouble among East Tennessee mit~ers, Aug. 13. Railroad strike of switchmen at Bettale, great destruction of pro$,prty, Aug. 14. The President proclaims retaliation against Canada on canals, Aug. 20. Nancy Hanks again breaks the trotting record, 2.051/, Aug. 31. Death of George William Curtis, author and Journalist, Aug. 31. Cholera brought to New York City by Hamburg steamer Monrovia, Aug.31. Nelson beats the stallion record, 2.13%., Aug. 31. Vw re IM9 Death of J. G. Whittier, poet, Sept. 7 r. Nancy Ranks again breaks the trotttng record, 2.04, Sept. 28. 10,d Formal opening of the Chicago University, Oct. 1. I-t Dedication of the World's Fair buildIngs, at Chicago, Oct. 21. tt Fire at Milwaukee destroys 315 build-.ings, with $5,000,000 loss. t- Anarchist monument dedicated at Waldhelm Cemetery, near Chicago, Nov. 6 d Great strike at Homestead, Pa., dec lared off, Nov. 19. Stamboul lowers stallion reeord at Stockton, Cal., 2:07%, Nov. 23. ; Death of Jay Gould, capitalist, Dec. 2. Dr. McGlynn restored as a priest, Dec. l-28. Immense gold fields discovered in Uitah, It Dec. 27. a Prof. Briggs acquitted of heresy, Dec. 29. [, Great floods in California, Dec. 29. George W. Vanderbilt gives a costly art e gallery to the Fine Arts Society at New York, Dec. 30. - 1893 Death of General Benjamin F. Butler, '~ Jan. 11. - Senate passes the Stal Protection Bill,ýi . Jan. 13. It Death of ex-President R. B. Hayes, Jan. 17. e Hawaiian Provisional Governm proclaimed, supported by U. S. aathori" ties, Jan. 17. Death of James G. Blaine, statesman, SJan. 27. Russian Extradition Treaty confirmeýd,, Feb. 8. Conflict of rival Legi~slatures In Kansas, - Feb. 21-25. ~ Rank of American Ambassador established, March 1. Inauguration of President Cleveland, March 4. - Behring Sea arbitration opened at Paris, t France, April 10. President Cleveland opens World's Fair S at Chicago, May 1. Chinese Exclusion Act goes into eft fect, May I. Governor Altgeld pardons Chicago anarchists, June 28. Extra session of Congress called June 30. Great fire at World's Fair, 24 lives lost, July 10. Behring Sea arbitrators award in favor of England, Aug. 15. Great storm on South Atlantic coast, Aug. 28. Wabash railroad accident at Kingsbury, 14 killed, 45 wounded, Sept. 22. Chicago Day at the World's Fair, at6;, tendance 716,881, Oct. 9. World's Fair closed at Chicago, Oct. 30. Repeal*` of the Silver Purchase Clause Act of 1890, Nov. 1. 1894 New York Court of Appeals decides that foreign corporations may hold" real estate in New York State, Jan. 16. Wilson Tariff Bill and Income Tax passes the House, Jan. 31. U. S. Warship Kearsarge, famous as the' destroyer of the Confederate Alabama, wrecked on Roncador Reef, Feb. 2. Death of George W. Childs, philanthropist and journalist, at Philadelphia, Feb. 3. Greater New York bill signed by the Governor, Feb. 28. President Cleveland vetoes the Bland, Silver bill, March 30. SBehring Sea proclamation issued, April 10. Unconstitutionality of the South Carol-ina Dispensary 19aw declared, April 19. Corea, July 27. Work resumed at Pullman, Ill., Aug. 2. Hawaiian Republic officially recognized, Aug. 9.IN. 68 factories close at Fall River, 20,000" men idle, Aug. 13. United States recognizes the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the Mosquito Coast, Aug. 26. New Tariff becomes a law, without the President's signature, Aug. 27. Earthquake with great loss of life at Uvalde, Texas, Aug. 31. Reciprocity Treaty with Cuba canceller"' by Spain, Sept. 3. President Cleveland's Hawaiian letter first published, Sept. 5. Amnesty granted polygamists in Utah, Sept. 27. Death of Prof. David Swing at Chicago, Oct. 3. Death of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Oct. 7. Government offers to arbitrate in the Japan-China war, Nov. 6. 1891 Famous Mora case settled with Spain. Cotton States Exposition at Atlanta, Ga., opened. ISM Utah* 45th State, admitted, Jan. William McKinley aet Peald,"S at the U. S.1, Nov. &tf 3W U. S. Senate passed resolution -tar@ nition of belligerency of Oub m, ayl-0 Great G o I d Discoveries of Klndke, July 15. I U..S. Battleship Maine destroyed by ex_plmsion In Havana harbcr,Feb. I& |vidependenee of Cuba reeognixed by re".ution of Congress, April 19; and President's proclamation calig for 125,0 _Volunteers, April 2&. Ckonmodore Dewey destoye manjA flneet in Manila Bay, Xay 1. Squadron under Schley and Namipam destroyed Spanish fleet under 00r*OM _off Santiago de Cuba, July 8L P'eace protocol signed, and PreaidenVe proclamation issued suspending hostaj, ties,, Aug. 12. MR Beginning of war for suppreenion at Aguinaldo and his followers; Filipino Insurgents inaugurated geneal n ment, Feb. 4. "9 Pea~e Treaty with Spain ratIMAbjpf V. 8. Sente* Feb. 8. 1900 City of Galveston, Tex., destroyed by hurricane, Sept. 8; G00 lives lost. Twelfth Census of U. S. gives population 76,295,212. 1901 President;Wm. McKinley inaugurated for seond term, March; assasasinated, Sept, 6; died, Sept. 14. 190 Great anthrato l-ganer strike beg&1 may. 1903 Iroquois Tgheatre, Chileso, burnedDee. 30, 6W lives lost. 1904 Theodore Roosevelt elftted pedM, Nov. 6. 1W5 Wireless message se~et from XanM 011 - to Cleveland, a atsumat T n91 Jau.I L907 Great finanoejaff I / OOt. 1908 Boyertown, Pa. thi-fe b ]jr lost, JanuaW. i!! 1 C~opyright. 1905. by Geo. A. Ogle & Coq mwmmmmý F

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