Standard atlas of Delta County, Michigan : including a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the county...patrons directory, reference business directory...
Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

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Page  3 'huh~ EY 1 t1 INCLUDIN(i OF THE VILLAGES, CITIES AND TOWNSHIPS OF THE COUNTY. Patrons Directory, Reference Business Directory and Departments devoted to General Information. ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF U.S. LAND SURVEYS, DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, ETC. ETC. Cmpiled and published CHICAGO. c 1r,ht/1.0'3 by~ea fyte & Ca

Page  4 Map Raoom, >4,'I01 ut-' II r/ 191z

Page  5 ay- / - ~., ) 7 6<t I!-^'11 TABLE OF CONTENTS GENERfAL INDEX. PAGE TITLE PAGE................................................ 3.. TABLE OF CONTENTS........................................ 5 INDEX MAP OF DELTA COUNTY.............................7 OUTLINE MAP OF DELTA COUNTY..........................9.... MAP OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN..................... 64-65 MAP OF THE UNITED STATES............................ 68-69 MAP OF THE WORLD....................................... 72-73 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY, DELTA COUNTY.......75 ILLUSTRATIONS.............................................83 PAGE ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS.......................................... I-II DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT..... III-VI GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS................. Supplement VII-VIII ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED............... Supplement X-XXIII DELTfI COUNTY INDEIX. PAGE BARK RIVER, PLAT OF........................... 23 DEERFIELD, PLAT OF............................45 DELTA COUNTY, INDEX MAP OF................... 7 DELTA COUNTY, OUTLINE MAP OF.................9 ESCANABA, PLAT OF.......................... 12-13 FORD RIVER, PLAT OF............................ 45 GARDEN, PLAT OF................................23 GLADSTONE, PLAT OF, SOUTH PART OF........................... 16-17 NORTH PART OF.............................. 9 KIPLING, PLAT OF................................... 19 MAPLE RIDGE, PLAT OF.......................... 22 MASONVILTLE, PLAT OF.........................20-21 NAHMA, PLAT OF...................................24 NARENTA, PLAT OF................................. 45 NEW MINNEAPOLIS, PLAT OF......................22 NORTH ESCANABA, PLAT OF........................ 12 PERKINS, PLAT OF.................................. 23 RAPID RIVER, PLAT OF........................22-23 ROCK, PLAT OF...................................... 22 SCHAFFER, PLAT OF...............................22 WELLS, PLAT OF................................. 31 TOWNSHIP AND RANGE INDEX TOWNSHIP 36 N., RANGE 19 W., FRACTIONAL... 51 TOWNSHIP 36 N., RANGE 20 W., FRACTIONAL... 45 TOWNSHIP 37 N., RANGE 19 W., FRACTIONAL...51 TOWNSHIP 37 N., RANGE 23 W., FRACTIONAL... 30 TOWNSHIP 37 N., RANGE 24 W., FRACTIONAL... 25 TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 18 W., FRACTIONAL....58 TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 19 W., FRACTIONAL... 52 TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 20 W., FRACTIONAL.... 32 TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 21 W., FRACTIONAL... 40 TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 22 W., FRACTIONAL..30-40 TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 23 W., FRACTIONAL.... 30 PAGE TOWNSHIP 38 N., RANGE 24 W.,................... 26 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 18 W., FRACTIONAL.....58 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 19 W., FRACTIONAL..... 53 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 20 W., FRACTIONAL..... 46 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 21 W.,.................. 40 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 22 W................ 31-40 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 23 W........................... 31 TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 24 W.,...................27 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 18 W., FRACTIONAL..... 59 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 19 W., FRACTIONAL..... 54 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 20 W., FRACTIONAL..... 47 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 21 W.,................... 41 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 22 W.,.................. 36 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 23 W.,................... 32 TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 24 W................... 28 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 18 W...................... 60 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 19 W.,................... 55 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 20 W........................... 48 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 21 W.,.................... 42 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 22 W.,................... 37 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 23 W...................... 33 TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 24 W.,................... 29 TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 18 W.,.................... 61 TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 19 W.,................... 56 TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 20 W.,....................49 TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 21 W.,........................ 43 TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 22 W.,..................... 38 TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 23 W.,................... 34 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 18 W.,....................62 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 19 WV.,....................57 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 20 W.,.................... 50 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 21 W.,.................. 44 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 22 W.,................... 39 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 23 W.,...................35

Page  6 INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS PAGS Adams, James.......................................87 Anderson, And., Residence of.....................91 Anderson, Erick.....................................85 Anderson, Erick, Photo from.....................85 Bath House, Escanaba................................83 Beauchamp, Regis......................................87 Beauvais, Damas and Family........................85 Bergeon, James, Home of...........................91 Berntsen, Mr. and Mrs. M.........................85 Besett, C. C., Residence of.......................93 Boileau, Albert, Residence of....................93 Boprie, Harvey F.......................................87 Briere, Noel, Residence and Barn of............91 Brotherton, D. A......................................83 Buhler, Andrew......................................87 Bush, Mr. and Mrs. Fred L......................85 Casper, B. & Co....................................... 89 Chouinard, Octave, Photo from................ 89 City H all, Escanaba...................................83 City Park, Escanaba..................................83 Cominess, Ernest, Residence of..................91 Cota, Ovid M.........................................83 C. & N. W. R. R. Shops, Escanaba...........83 Dahl, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew.......................85 Dahlin, Henry, Residence of......................91 Daigneault, Eugene, Residence and Farm Buildings of............................. 91 Dalgard, H., Photo from............................93 Dickson, Alex, Residence of......................93 Dietel, Julius.............. 87 Dubey, David. Scene on Farm of.................89 Duby, Mr. and Mrs. Louis.........................85 Duval, Iouis, Residence of........................93 Eagle, P. R., Children and Grand Children of............................................89 Eagle Hotel, Perkins................................89 Escanaba Extract Co........... 87 Escanaba Manufacturing Co........................83 Estenson, Carl..........................................87 Fillion, Mr. and Mrs. Evangeliste...............85 Fillion, Evangeliste, Residence of...............91 First National Bank, Escanaba....................87 Fournier, Fred..........................................87 PAGE Frechette, J. B., Store of...........................87 Froberg, Aug., Photos from........................93 Fuhrimann, G1o., Residence of..................91 Gamache, Jos., Photo from........................89 G arden H ouse........................................... 89 Gasman, John, Residence and Potato Field of...........................................91 Gierke, John, Home of.............................89 Giese, Robert, Residence of......................91 Glover, Chas. P......................................87 Gouley, Mrs. Mary P., Residence of............93 Gouley's Harbor, Scene at..........................87 Gustafson, John, Residence of....................89 Hakes, Chas. D., Residence of....................91 Hansen, S. J..................................85 Heim, John, Residence of.........................91 High School, Escanaba.............................83 Hutchins, H. L., Residence of....................93 Iverson, M. E.................................. 83 Jaeger, Nick, Photo from........... 89 Johnson, Axel, Residence of................... 93 Johnson, Carl, Scenes on Farm of..............93 Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Herman..................85 Johnson, Herman, Residence of..................91 Johnson, John P., Residence of..................93 Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. O. A...................... 89 Johnson, Peter, Residence of..........93 Johnson, P. A., Residence of.....................91 Johnson. Viggo................................... 83 Klotz, Mr. and Mrs. Frank........................85 Klotz, M. S...................................87 Krouth, Fred, Residence of........................89 La Fave, Sol, Scene on Farm of..................89 La Fleur, Martial, Photo from.....................89 Lamberg, John, Residence of....................91 Lancour, H. H., (Eagle Hotel)..................89 Larsen, Jens M., Residence of....................91 Lashance, Mose, Photo from.......................85 Lindstrom, Ed., Photo from.......................83 Lindstrom, Erik.............................. 83 Ludington Hotel, Escanaba.......................83 Ludington Street, Escanaba......................83 PAGE Lunzman, Johli, Home of.........................91 Lusardi, Geo. J., Photo from.....................93 Lynaugh, W illiam..................................... 87 McDonald, Anna, Photos from....................85 McGregor, Geo. N., Residence and Scenes on Farm of................................ 93 McNally, Wn........................................ 87 McPhee Le, eo. Photo from..........................93 Magnuson, Frederick, Residence of............89 Major, Edward. Residence of....................93 Matthews, S. M., Residence of....................91 Mills, J. S..................................... 83 M oore, A. R..............................................83 Myer, Peter..................................... 83 Nelson, Peter, Photo from..........................93 Nystrom, Chas., Residence of...................91 Peterson, Chas. J., Residence of..................91 Post Office, Escanaba.......................83 Power Dam, Escanaba............................... 83 Rabideau, Chas............8...........................85 Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Chas...........................85 Romean, Oscar; Residence of...................89 Spaulding. Alonzo....................................87 Spaulding, Harvey................................87 Spaulding, Len.................................87 Spaulding, Roy.................................87 Spaulding, Rufus................................87 Stephenson Co., I., Plant of.....................83 Stratton, Mr. and Mrs. Geo.......................89 Sundquist i Fred, Residence of...................89 Thibault. Nelson, Residence of...........89 Thorsen, Martin, Residence of...................93 Vietzke, Fredrich, Home of......................91 Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. O. C..................89 Weissert.-Fred A., Residence of...................93 Wester, John and Family........................85 Winter, Herman, Photo from...................... 89 Yelland, Judd......................................... 83 Youngs, M r. and Mrs. Jos.........................85 Zeglis, Joseph and Family.........................85

Page  7 a~~ INDEX MAP OF - j W — , -. - If 4& i~ N DEL"TAL ClotiIN"""ry -— 5 - -. -, -T —, -, -. -., -. -. - MICHIGAN 7' 49' 1 I,/,-;o q, li t / / 5'hy o f;e, o -, 4 6 1,e, X Co. Blue figures indicate page on which various plats will be found J,?. 23 Til Q.2 4 P27I4W..20 "14.9W1.84 ElU-T7 GO ACT4R, CIO,7i7TV7YI2A~fT17 F~(0 ~~2 ~H~=T 7F F7 177FTV 71 71~ a 9la 3 2,9 2 _ a- 2 3 _ _ _ AR 1)28 21 C, 11~P5 3K n — '9 2 31 1 3 33 343a 1 31 3 _ 31 3i - - -3 , II 4F 1 13) V; '-' '4- " 2' I ` — IL O' 'H " I ( -I " L Z71I I N. If I II ---I I. i I I i /1-.7d ~V - v) -,. t t I?A K I XAS x,, -1 T -- I /- J % 1 26, i \ I I I I " i -% T I I 3 i 11 a, A - I I \ t',- t- , I I. / f,, W I 4, - -R ',a li 31 z -1 Z.-I 77 7 - I, Z/- C k-mtt

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Page  9 Csr~JNMAO DELTA_~COUNTY__~ MICHIGAN Scale Y16of 1 inch to I mile a~,f,~6/ hy -e&-,40~qve X 14C?. 21 W'V 1;I 20DI w 1" 1.0 14/T WEL L, AYW 26 -34 31 27 \6 33 34 11 3 k4 W/ I/ /1

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Page  30 c Kt K -. — - Itl - - I -. -,, I - - ---. ---, Z, I " ffl N 0 A-M MA M I 1. 4, ffl-,N- —W - m w- NWU -, - I; - I N I. 11 M- WM 1: -I! I I - Mr, &N QW, t I.1 - - 1! 1 I t MI -WI 5 - FRACTIONAL TOWNSHIPS 37 and 38 N., RANGE 23 W., and PART OF' ~o2 FRACIONA TONHP3.,RNE2 2W.~ 280 0 2) 1 o; Z le,c 02 0 o oZz2 - o()?o2 22.40 41 7020 -280 80 kk 2i s 09 : K 7- 1 K r II I I I Z, - I -0 1-1^" ----17-\%, -1V ". -./ V-. -15, - - -— \1:11 - I I -111 N I I I I --

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Page  32 I I I I I I I viz 32 1 TOWNSHIP Scale ly, inches to I mile Th CelC 280 a g:: 44s, ~.. 9 49 -I — — * a I I 77 T'aj)UP k 3B We A v POW-, e7l air B. I + _M.'rd-& -— e_ - 6 F,- - - \,X, i 4 II 1 i 11 I 9-0. - - ww_ I II 11 F 4,,I I P I t I 6 A__D_ d v Cie~~~a0 70 eC A ~1, e 1 7.. a a- N D LL - a a- 4Lc t* 7 a a pp 4 aC, 2.CSCAN1 LeA ff-.-.-s2ar.L2. 31 C&-Al*PbA —..-z& 1 ~1f334..]24b`B-a: 6. c 0 A - _- _ _ _ C-_w T OeAa A1::::: —7~S,. 2-aar -;a- 5414 I14 I1 A 4`73 - 7t' 1, 6, - CQ i, 1. A t I.. ChOffOe-rd q.-7-Carl.JAWe6A,6aw-3ov " I I. I I - I. I. - - 7.A. TVaq~ux-n ~;~~I~ -i I L>.,,I- 7 14" s 0.F B ZJ7IICfCrq I 18. / 1:7 : W., - J,a Ar, - - 86 :. i 1._. _. _ -1 IMJr WIL. ~ L-CZZZL:ZZ2i-ZZ -2I, ZZTL34 ZLL2ZZ:ZJLL — -- --.- iJU-W*i2.! z

Page  33 I -1 I 11 11119_ ---Z1,,9_ ---,1X_1 - -- -A ._ _ 111151-1 1 - _. _ el __ -,, o - - - - 11 "I 11 9 - - i 33................ OWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 23 W OFTHE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN Scale IY4 inches to I naile a'4~ L ~ >.j~, 4~Go' ' - 41 ' -" >5 a c;gz2 Oar~ a'. a' S ~7V~'o~o- 1 9" 6040'a..683 a ' a 872ee, a a ao n 08a (a 0) 2 0~4 \,; 0.. aa.,5 60 6(2 " 2-, O" 2 K _9 0 - I~. O. zCa 0.'2 -,_ 60Z:02 _-77 O.Q x8Z0 Z'793-CZ,' a'.~~0.0 TV'a ( Br 6~93c A-9 I 64 Z'6 9 7Y7-2-sac loZ 6o-'yi_'Z.'~' 90(8 9a' a'..2~~ o 22 3. ~ 7ae 4 59, ' a a - -3'Z?a3z a- 8 '' 60 6 O 3?Vl~ O72.? _Ga_ 60~2 7 7 1, I zai &,-7 -Z. I,Zl — l- I I a 8 3221 Oa I~4.a0.4_ I 1 3 -2 C'. (3 8 ' I I- aa' 6 2 - - - L 'a 3-a & ~.95o2ar5s 1 4, V-Y " i,_, \4c3z - 7 o2va1 7(3~ 3 I __ I.. a,,. -N-m

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Page  35 *1:- (, 5 i.::1 F -&le C-.1 r - 1-D -— f --- -. 11 11 - --- - - TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE, 23 W. 35 OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN YIL4]?Qq_ ___ CIO, r FV 3;'; GXXI62 —M,4 -9, -- _,_g no --- - - I - - -- -- -Zl --, - i --- - -- - -T.................... 11-.. - - -.II — I - — - = ---, I- I. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 11 I I I I I I I I I I I IL — 1. 0 CI- AZ "I. - -. - ' —72 2' " — ' —,-, -- -—, - ---,-17 - ' --- --- 1 - -- I — - -- - - - ---- ---- 7 -I5 'T. C 1y. ( X o.,, 0P.O0. Y I- -Z- 072 t-,,N. I~.2t- --,-j0 I 1 -6 ';. t-4 — "4 Is - Q, Ci 14, 11) Q T,) 'o - lzl 11. r cl. I q. I's ZN -Z) N N >Q 1:2 1 C67 k~ * -s 1.67r,,7. _727C_;7 C'o 5'c 'O ' -2'2 c e~.200 F71 I1 5 - % — - N - -"' LoO 0.0 7 ',, 17 " " ' N C 7 '0 0 Zz -0 Qt K oloo Z) Noll'(Ti.~It 00 000 O-eor*2-o Y'Lo'o 66 -Z -'000 l9"-'-"Io12eC__ ILC, __ o 42 ~ 7 7 0 62 l'.6'. eYN-. 21FlO 016E096 ~ ~ 4 CCo~.T,j P 0.7 2.Z? 2Z " 7 1 0 o _ _ _ _ _C IO_ 0 ode 6 260 40Z3 '90.26~s 7 0 r) 40 o-:6'o21-. o-. 06 C 13o a 2900. - 7. 1- 0 6190.e- z w -" 00 oo o59ri'o9o 7,z 6 1 'YZI Co A*0 22 22 274 S7 r (.00o0 2 9-'. o-;' p-1Z. 0- _ _ _ _ _ _ 0 2 0 _ _ f: -'7 II I"' 7510 1 47 To 5/0 160 '90 -% 9/J22 C7,g ff. m72c-w ASOyro/ '90Z 2006 1 ~$iz f N I-, C -I 1747 i.o~'~ C-/.2CoZ- o -N.7j 7(lCe-o1'zl20 YNJ~'~4" 0020 76 78 2C'o'? )Q7 I e.0 zr720. CZYI~ C~fO 40 40.' *'Z -?yC CO " 000 20 ra AC( 40 50 60 2c-ra-r'27 -- V!361 '020 00.- 021 '2 047 7202 40 (7. 7o~,MZ27o,1 9o': 26 V20 OCo I -. — I- I I I - - I -1 I I I '.- I....... I f - - -. -I. * K0 I.

Page  36 Z.3, 0EI - _, — - -7 — -'66 I 36 I 6_ - _ ~ ~ 1,.,1 36 1'4 inches to 1 ruile ( Itf7 -7,f36& Fro75er9I-loe -I 836)08 S R;1k 66~6) 367 266 40rl 2516 k zme.' ) 2 11 61 66. 116) 04663.6666 80 6)61o 6.70 61 6 0 0 47666 -40 40 46 47 Z 3 R 71,5 3?erz,,z.z!E2fl.7 ly ZaY ec"777 tFo -271 _,,,y,!90 6-* 46.62 61).4160 6)6) '61 61 61 6430 6666) 616.. 40 40 5(,6.' 6) 616 ,&6 '1)'6 6). 6' 47 6j.. 6 40 80I31630 37 63232.6 62... \ \ 3(;316i4. - 773 4 6634 - -1-0 46 6' 66 316. / / >7 / -1 6.63 6) '6 66 6I'i K -.6 —,. 0.3 67.6.-..>,. 61, 7 - * 50'1 Q) Z;o Q),. b I I I A I J66..>.066 ~C~o o3A'l 66. oo '.6.60 6 6..6.63.66 60.360 40 )6. 36. 0 62.' o~o ~o~o 2136o, 6111D o66'36. 06 6(3 00. 667''goi 40e 666.7- C6o;.6 24.366 16.4 -I —,,onff.T 1470C{00 661 ( 66O~6.207.2. io67 606/ I k 3L~ e3 ac3 b 6S 200 366 -21 -. 63.'.6ccrZo 66134 40 036 2 4366a 660 667,036~c re 66 66> ~ 132 IKN C? 66210S266 I 6. I1 (.3 J66~/y 26. 66-7-740 611 * 0 6 * *_._ 6 -- ' ---1\163416 —317' —6' ---616-666.-.-166 —6166-6' 2-...66 ---

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Page  38 E 4 I j4 A I -11 11-1 ----,,/\, --- —,, - 11 .- 2 — - - - I - -Q, -,'- 1D. - I — - c, 1 le, I 38 "OWNSHIP 42 N.:, RANGE 22 W. 1-1 '- - - - - - - - - - - - 1-1-.-,-. —. —. —, -.- 1-1-1- -1- I -.-I-1-1 —l- --- OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN Sc21e 1'4 inches to 1 mile -129 f~2.'IC'.67 ~~~~~~313 7yc- 22 7. - 7 -<,, 1 -Z 7867'C..',6 6,.37z< 72(56 <5 -06.667, 7. C7. 2lTY10 6.2 62322 c7.'s. 326 6s,.51732~.'28. 8 6 c e_ 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 22~. T~s. 2 66!110 j.6267667 3283X22262.7822(6,2'.83 5572<-26773.66 2-26 22675.17 576 6.2.7622.8<_Z 07-2/2 22-<.62 89.. ~ 9<z ~ i i <.7 <4.2< <.4.4 <2 '2 I 4 4 <.7 9 <.4 <.7 <.7 4 -.7 .. *1 1. I 866 <00 — If 626.69 Cq I0 860 67 62<88s.2/. 52.866<6 46 226 962226 6762669 0 0 266 0400 J9lbosz< 00 446 -6. 28 28o 676222/ <7//0028e Z.2I622lo)7 292, 261 2 723222 I - - - I -- I I f5,2 9620"- ~ 2661 8/2d -4 86 2.~ -- 5 ez-.Z~2e- "Zx'2 22 I 52.26S8 22<6 S. 76-Z Z 86 62212 2 8,... I. ~ - I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ I. ~ I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ~ ~- _ _ _ _.12.62 A722 513:52 Z6* 67s.7 667!T2szz,-0 22 1122 2 6 626 772~ 52 226 0 2).62.225 86 6 6 46 6 26.22.227<2 002225.. P << 2)0<.28 62,~2.26 676. 66212 26 6 22 <.2.. 2<.6222 6f Yo — 6s% 7612 '(7<2 0) 2 lb I Z), 2 Y:),: *~G~ 8. %C ~ ~I 0<622 ~; P67A2236.6 Q<y 2.2 4.2Y0<.'. P C266,.7 02< (5 I(~5 Y / 2762 -14o.'aeZ.a '00 20 F0 ON 2272.T -' 0 0 <(0,727'. _~a7z 266.I 628 ) 21o Z' — Z1Z) 'Pr Q) C, ZC70 e.5' 6<6.,.72 6<6.5~ /y e I I/- o C22221 C!7V. 2256? i<3 W88'22 IT, 676. 36IL~I~ 6660. I7-7- I...,, 226'2. - 2 2 ~.. 2 22 - 7 7 ' 7 2 <-2 —2-6 0

Page  39 I I -I Ii ii _,_- I __ ___ ---- - - -- - __ - ---- - ------ -039 903 I.3 39' TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 22 W. OF-THE-MICHIGAN MERIDIAN 1Y4 inches to I mile FeozApdz/ 9 03 0 90:09 09C40* C 090 (14 B 6)ee K 700 000199061so I I _Z 3 9.67 39.8 0.181 60.00z cer Z:,w 60 810 OO 90 3980l F 96C I qqrdQZ Z, V.. z6 Z).3 C6' a: - Z' 1 3 a, " j 397777817990 3'77,9 o54bag-row _a:16 ciaza. ~ 110nze Az'r XI-'Zz iicoz 7 /Y G03 l30 6-% Co0. -Do 9ec " 160 /, - -14 5. IZZ 7jC66 970 R76? 15" Z62CZZzzra9r A3oz ZbcZ0 &61ZO W a: i7oZ6er Z7Zzozzzfosom CV14 af Ir Tra- zlter Y7zzozzzp 16 or?I I- ro 6 , 4 7 = I! 1!; I J-_4 Lm 4 gl U.-i ia - -4L ---... + I I - i 0 r 0 91 ye04 - 'a 2 zotf redZ 100 zCZ Boo 0_ 6 a:0 he- Co. "WIq C. 1000 0 COs..Dzz 0 '4 Cr 0 q.8. k ota: "C 999 zlear A ~e CO60s 11,0r 9u 99.C.I FO roOe Sozo Y0qe 00 -o5L7]? 230.C7 oTZ9a: 1008 0 04(Z 173 9 Ca AW 0 0 -~_ __ M B.Cr.ArCZ9'2OC6/.. Z,. 996...12Co CZssYTr?I0 90 C0IO. Cro~o Zvt Z -1 c96c 05oa a.BzzgAo 60 0 ___ o.ZyZ. -leOCczv ozTrozo Bo ':zI, Co. D Z~qzot va 1Z 21 CO. s 105. 0010 IQe OO/1`r09'e oo2WYt-09" -06a '9 ' 9 310 U91 7zroq. ZZOO. C. 13 P.SoZdooz 60 10.z ArAoorya.Z rCozlve 40,6'r 100 60 rz.8ros rro —C 0 a:.2ArC aTO0 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ I0C -'T 61 6O1 04 ItI 110 0 ~3. 2jl a: Z7 d 6 Z CIO 17.BozlzzoooPrydor 4z I 70 8110 26...iZ7o-Szz *800- Z, 0 7 ` 60 Wy', _ _,9969, 77~1 -AZ'jCCo~pero' 2(7 a:Z/6.r- Co. \ o.08 oth,-z&_.21 C 0.g'~ 0) 3 6 0 2l r Cooeroyea: @0~1.60 5100 -96Cr f-n416 rf czxzof 6'Ax Co60 j~E ~03 80 (1 5r ~. EboN' C IAr F.0,5= Ideoo Zo to 10to -PO I(, Co. 0 *,,,,,,, ' 3,,.,,, 0

Page  40 0 0 Cfeo 4 CZeve o v 80,8 czDo0l e K I zoo 77 De drzzar -a rcoz CZ vc red-:e - 7_7~' t H OIU dcc k1 Z C, J0 2 ee0 Bocco 9 0 0 X- Coc-~ 0voc fe- Co.d. & 0 7 1doO cc 000 07 &0d0rdena'srcocO 809 8 o2oeo 00 7/ o 8 HdO FoO9ev od djleode oo Ooo.do 8r. O2 c Br - 90 90 __ Ia9 0 eoor 09. 909 8_Z97zdezoro B69 890w 00 Broc dez 6z0,00z 9, zto ior4o00~ 0 80088 9 o Ireed- 8 YZ 0 0 e5ooz.dr2Z 0 8907803 90,c' co 9 rcoe azz I '.0 K) dcoczzeo.., '9 No z:'' io 90ezd077'9'00 -1 tee 008z 90s 9 ez 00'00q0.0 o 0ce. z'o 0 807 70 0 __ C79 00008- Ooo 6 _ _ _ _ _8 _ __ __ _ __ _ _ _ 00 ~ Z' e=rqq2 O toa Q Ci4c 9~ ' 0I0 camac05o~ec0 zszz ',5'-.~00d, 9.90 5 zz 5 00 d orQ N ): 070Q.000coOBOOelec00or 90 0 — 9 909,9 9'z8 7Z rC/ Tz rl Ay080 0 8- 1' 37 17a 35 9zze' '7 coec-Z O0008e ozKd - 34, ~ z '90

Page  41 -' ~~~TIT~ 1J1 TOWNSHIP 40 N,~ RANGE 21 W. I4I I OF THE -MICHIGAN MERIDIAN 1%lely inches to 1 naile 'U -- -I - - MT __L__ w zl 5o Cleve ~ rb -41_i3: 1-.,,:- 4.s J J: I-ns-e-r5 w So-. Go d -o f7I 60', D & -1..70 Z r, 1_7 3 I aw '/fr-Iff4-&-vb I -So-S 7a*-1-~ 5?19 _leot,_,:5rb~o I - -1-I - A - -JO-J-s - -oe/ -So -O Io- 4 iOnw-Ba10v Go,,,,0 —F0 0 1 a,12 1 el I -1 - I '- Ir I - - 1 I I 5 O I I Io C-so,7 — G.6-ss oo -Tf~tAT'1fir -, o: wAjS&f-10-so y I 6,f, _'k, h__ -73. a 16 _b, wilatl- - S. Q I.. 1: 19 111.J. 1 I I's. pe ttz'bo ri b 8 I I1 I _i I I I., - Z.-,, C. _V._4 srz-he -.unie —i 1.p I OIver eveso-o FL1aree- C-roeA, ir -- ~eSvo-itho 7vt 1 74_ - A u _ _ oL F 2 vooCv-.-* 4y v o, IC._ J?"C/ A eoo 4~C ~ - kw J2. "' - S. SO/-~ A*F 7 - ov3,-o ev2o 4 0 e- C-od T'ndjere ~' Clhzta go - vrbF~* FI'_v1rea Cle4 II2. - ui1 Is Ii i4 1, S 1lv Cl I IA P ozlev I e,, TU.' Iv Z C - e -, C 34 I-G. 11 B i.1l Q, A 7(40 1 J,T~o Ai, oo-rz 'Ylee 'a oheesereo" I "Z' "I -1r,,, r J boo 2W/co J. ~ - A i 707",-, X.k4 -2 Y, - 11 I "r"h" — I J-_ " 1 44 - - II'D.1 I

Page  42 I 15__ g i Fl_.1-1: N I ---_...... R-N-Mm.- : - - - I - I - - - - - - - -. _: -.R &k - I I - I F i- f*,5 _Z), _.. - - ;; - -, TTir '4I:4 I -TOWNSHIP 41 N., RANGE 21 W. OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN -- -SaeN4ichst al 4.20. 00.00 6N ~'ZN 'c3" ~2 - Too.o 0,00 0260.02 '0 40 q/LTo.5750 88 80 Geo. 0 8I7~Z'5 00444 0 *ll.too 07 (b ,, d,:q Q) S (114 A %.;3 _ f 14 N,) t N_. q) 2 0_5 Ci ho ooo 00 C40 o C.1 80 Co., 2770- 04'5' '5' I -. -7 u " 1 A__,(:Cx>;3 Y.40 a _7_. 5z_4 1-0 YA I I I I doeI41o Zo'o, -go - -'-, A, &_Z. I I.7ty z ol 4,-l. lee I '0 0 ~ 20 40 o 4 oa'0 040 SdZ 48 '400- 2_40 '4 ~ 0,480 450. ol~oo~oo '40 40 84fi4c,20 0_____ ___0 <FO Z22 '40 '550 CD YY So,,.C'Vi 0 Co 0 ' 46) 0 80Los 04' '4 Q5ASss -26Z '5 G 8 ' ' -Pr-7- (S ' ( 5 0 00 AToos >> To ooo '40 ol 5T0 27__D 40o-~o2 eo ~8 (N2 CC7 o 0140770 V Co'' 80 5 0 '0 0 2e5o4 '5~4/-e4' 2 let000404040 _ _ _ '40 IM '14 I I O C/ho itCeom2 T'So~-~zz C//hoe Z 2,7 '5-c eio/. 50427 000' 120 80 '4428/ 1Y2~z'- ' '40 0o4 N,l90.o".o"04o1 0. 5'lobo 50427 00 7-r004-208.100 0 005 05/7 Goo 8oo"g oc os'loooz 00 '40 CIOo CZd 50ooq0~8200. I'd1 i q I.-"!t I - ___ C. C._Soooa ~ & W' s I0 0 '25 Sood~o. 0 O 1% 5004 11~8047 /500 -.0 00-3 Itr & 0./120 8,,10 Co. as. 40 100.1 11,m7 711'CT.1'>oo": 107. 8G.'00 /120 ' 40v 044000ST I - I., -II. I o0S- 27~-o-~ A>4~.4 0..0C40-00 --- T4 —4(V — 04*""5'5 **I '5 "'mu I

Page  43 I I 44 I I*1 -1 I __ - ------------ -- - - - - - - - Tw OWNSHIP 42 NRANGE 21 W* OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN ---------- Scale 1% inches to I mile 43 2red iFoem7t'hxe 1J51 C 37A 7 7 8 -444.4 A C Wr T -- A..7 4ow 2 C -. _ _-zriz ar.4. IN TVC &82; C_fE. B4- ch — C. Bucwfbee~87 odhW 7-n -4 478 da. —.b2 A C P-4-h SL 4fa i n C..rel-42 4 JA -44 P6rilhw 4'zri Co 8ecs 4-. '__ 4 -~ 8. CW. C. 74. 84 0..-4..-344AZ5 -4 5s 45 4 7 4.2 -1-W We,4.8 S 4 CopL5 q &Lunb 784C. -.cC87 6 c 88045. 28' 744 S -7-CBO. 4444 45. ___ __ ___ ~8-7 -4 B 7-44 1444 C.0, 08 44e.. C. A"44C.I C. a 40~4 4444344 4:34 Is3T ' 4 'Wi. 4 8 -44_4 I ~i I 4,4 447444444844444 8 8444784444

Page  44 I:4 I -, I 0-11 -, - = -1111 Md, M IN a; fm t 9 j VA 0-16$11 44 -'I A I - -0 11 11 - -. 11 "' TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 21 W. OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN ale1 14 inches to 1 mile AL45ER - T., N - k's : C, ", C6:, lz;& - -- - I m j 4 - - I.1.,,,, C, 11 J,-, - I I 4,44 +4,. I II m: - 4-N73l~447.3 1, I, C I I 1 1. -- - - -1 I — ----. 4 4C, -C '9-31 ' C?~evezze~ Cttf. 3S3 3,9 -----------------------------— ( — — I --- iTroiz. Ca. 14 '3< __Co. C. &NZV W C Cfivs-a -4ho Co.Z' T* C. N CI W.13l /eN'elNN-l11 2137. - B.,34CoJ2 -___ __, C 4 EW2 ~;b~., 2V~7C&C 1,3 C.N 2 V 'WII4I53BN' __ _ _ ___ 1, 4 _ _ _. f 1 V;. A. Q; 0,.. v '11) q la -. W I Q 'IO i '* i 'Zi -1.1 c-h"' 'y cV. - l -. f. iVTVi3,4,.Ycl, caSW a C3Z-6-.. - - - - -- - -. - 1011 -.- 41 ZIZX7. 2,. I -S. 0. W 7(:a, 0 DP. - I II AI IL ' 2I - Q 1 't- - -.4 C4-. 4,6 -W. J,,;v C-a2v --,W. C a Z. I.. S. '4 CI'74ZN rndJ 4, 4 ____ N 3 3' NI j N Q03 I p-M-01w, 1-M, MMM Mm " -, -, M. 91 - z --

Page  45 F ORD R-12IVERI _f 71/Ip ~3c5A82V ~-2 n — PL ATT-7ED AS DEERFIELD ff7 W-P 39 1/V-R. 24 frY I Scl:300 /ZA<.- Za J,?A - A wz7 Z z2 A'-? ". A'il 719,.9~ A'. A'?.24 -V

Page  46 - - - - - - -1 - -1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -, -. -# -. -, N a - k FRACT. TOWNSHIP 39 N., RANGE 20 W. *.4 -.4.4 *.4 *.4 **1.4 <1 'Y lz ,- -` — -. I `-1 —.I --- —--- - - - - - -1 - - - -1 - - - - - -- -- -- -- - NWN mal I

Page  47 I 1- 5 141 — -. 11 g, " - - 11 11 111- 2 — 2- -1 1:, I F 99, -.- G) 6. TTr 113 FACT. TOWNSHIP 40 N., RANGE 20 W 42 - OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN 51 - I. — , I I - L + Kj e S. 0 4 I-7272 <0< '0 j~~ I9 '?. 0 'or ky976 -, 65.28Y7~594.223 447~~'34O~3L3'~.2 ~CD 27y27,arn~;s ~e.2h0~00 06,004 009 07 F0.302737, 40 029 _2200.56. ~o~~.o o 4 40 qZ. oo 40- Il 90 -I K2.02 2" I I 70-72,. F...~c ~~ TZZ22 CJ veae 7,O40.. ~0Ioe8. 40 i oot 40. o.S.72 ~ 00Q NT92~~0 578,83 I 20'.0 4 0 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 0 J _ _ _ 7723.19 Br's. -.~2?~750 222 5.no.22 ~ ~ 9/z a~s. 9 679 SoaYassa~- 5' /0. ~ 9225 /5 7722 2 0 53 2s 75735 zoo 4o 0e00~ 0 0 40 Lar-T'0.29o97 ~k~?s'(az F -G"C 670 702..5 2.9 32 209 -2(55 40 6 225023 2 790 (79' 2~a4 0ra7 L ooo2- 6 coo 6 30 0 0 40 40' 0.4 ___ ___ a; c....~.sa 00 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _C_ _ L _ _ 802029 Y a..e.a222 ' ~0o.9 7. 0.. 02 7/9.7676 o' 5'27-60 8? 3 5 zza.. ~ S's.02706.020 o os ~~9~7o o 8 I 7)A'ce a2 1 cz a g YS'7. Icz202 40 ~ 9) 91 ~' 20 ~s 0209>Zs9Q 21-9 7~5./9 272.70..2' j. 917 1- - 90 e~b oboo C'O (50 0,5e722 0-77 '40 -40 11 11Q 76JI.-Tw Y. -YO Z-Ow 4,O, Co 40-: 27 0 2720 C-i" 02 922 aZ 2 7792250 0- 0 ~ 7Y9J1o6ox 2?9..~, 0,50z i i I '5.\1 ) N V 10. 000,: r4 10 -0 N 7 00 121 O~'o22q I. / - - a 05?, 5-0.?25050- 272~?05 7 25-90. 9 27

Page  48 -F8 F-F 8 84 84 88 -Fl -F' -F-Fi -F8 -F I 'I' - P, - - 7, - ' 54, 4.4 N", -9 WORK., 0M W-91: M W., t - L N.1 Effil MM-MMMUMN AIN Zn' 'V —%W- "Z:_ - ___ - R"AMYN - _'_ 48 -11 - ISL_.; aPA_vAa:E R"Zz _'_ T ff - -,- k>. TOWNSHIP 41 N,~ RANGE 20 W OF THE MICHIGAN, MERIDIAN -F -F-FF 4F F-i F-FCF C. & -T ~C 5 __ -l.5' - C8.7 —F- 60 4, yz C' C. B rF4i7-C.C -F 7S I 4- --- I as I-,I — e-5, 1 -Sqy oLA1oq —, -- I _r _..4. xmz. e., B..1 12 - -1 C&N.w F. I C'-. a. T7 Co 1 ~:d Nvoq8&~e t C. 40kF,-, -,-PC CtW- TAV? - -- H-_AC WW -C_ T~U~4,-~ 84it~t~ CCit 8C8~F- i ~ BF~dC2VF~A k-F)-8FFFF C CCF-FFB4 - F- - 4t ~ C-4JVW2? ~ Ch1~i~t~b~&J -240 iJF-F21 W WY C.:FF-F~iF-B4 I - 9 ~ 21- 22 -G F F-4- 2ffscF i c CF-7-, w ~, ~ -r -4-F.888 -— 'FNZ'F Iso I- r~ah ' __ ___ ""84 4 484 8 I,2i,~8 F- ~ ~, -F20-FF-F JN8F- tiF~ F~iit C -7 FCF I G~F~it CF- Bitii-4S. -LF77 C<, 2-F~ _ F~OL 6 ________ - f-F I I +B - _q,-; I I+ FZY :X O'V b 1 4; rjl _: 111y_.1-1 6e8-F. "I~8 mt__ wm_ 8_7''.;r 7 '0 4 10 2 0 i F, _ k -F B~4-7C.P '5 Ft4i8-8 — CFN?. JCi AI-:2eff ~ ~ 67FFF-FF Zt-F I I I J, 6 ___. - -...- - I K. -.. I I Li __. I;.. I -. I I --- - I 8 8 8 8 8 8 F 8 8 88le 8 8 8 F 8 8 8 8 8 _ 11~_ 2 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 1 ~'

Page  49 I i.3.1.3 ~ - I `~_ I - 1 I - ( TOWNSHIP 42 N., RANGE 20, W. I OF THE- MICHIGAN MTERIDIAN Scl204ichst01ml 11 11 -1 -- - 419 NOO 7777 19 3 Co-,10 10007 7/ brCo. fe voe0oooca, Z Z"f15 ~79orzCc C-) 790 -,38 E771038 005- 38 0705 33, -000. I I I 7 IU7 Co I 5 - 30 I 4- - - 7/ bzsCo, 7-orz q- e ooz 17-6 1 Iz 13 / I b9.11-15 '5- Z: — Z d) 5"'z Z;k(; S; — 80 V-5 gn- TiHv-9c 1307 8- 03 9~T ~i730 610 06 -~ 00~c L I 7e Co. I I o yo 959 Co. 370. Z0 3000 0 0 006 00/ Aoo 0C/jjezZ- o 2~oz TLox f/f-ez —rn C27 eol1yo~ue Co 0308 / 30/?IP V c'o o. 2ozV.De9oq Co. 0 )3r;.,De J/Yo7uei Gorbopizo 0 00150Oc 0 D 7900/s ~C-~ 7) oi~e ~ N73C 19 o07~oe ~ oo0 zi-e Co Co Co.sCo _ __100 330 Z 65 7KG Eal~o Co _23 aoyzeD el73oo z- e Co Cs 00 000 0 0 e V k Coo /Co r -Z6 — 0 o- CZ 7rocl 330 30ycoD7IoDslozzspzo71030 0 00 30 00 G oo coo'o0 VD2o0073V2 _roc~ C7oC.3 I0 I3 3j CO C 2pre CO r. 00 C~ L3: Z19 CO.,700"'Dg O 0703 0 0773.00 /7.. Yb6059'-z(; 0 Ooo6 I__________ — 3 0- O 30 30030 30 3o-zsq'C Cf/-rooZ~ - 7-0000!et Co. 3,0 Oeoowo-vl" 30,. 000;;O -23c yD eLVo 7ooe3 CO..T 36.,, 3 00,!,, ", '111.\9 ----e/-\1)-1-?1.\1;1 — - -' -51- -, - -(" - '' '' 11 --- —-,, — - m

Page  50 "I-_ ---e _ _ RI I. - - ;__ '_1, -..,IF ------- Z/ I!; 1 7 50 TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 20 W. OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN ALGER 7 —9 -CC oL. 'I R I Bf.cartbal, Ez w1Per Co. -7-37Zit e.-B as-i as-+ ~ 3-5.5Co.___ 1 NWC&L.C. Ib,2 C. N. W C W L yC Ga-IN I. i -.0%41wil I C. ' 2 (71, C. 6,A4 -i1- - k a. I 'car _+ Q 1 ".2 -.0'.1 W'X 4 -are'e "V -B7 b Irfah-. 4. 2 I SZ) 16 Z; It QI A0 I.,-Z, a I —2 - I Y.E/I _~gem-PI3Z I I I. I, dart -mba, J Bay deNque.'Lbr Ga] 2Bcy ctC, Aaqat - I - __ - - i N.1 p It 1 74' N )v 11 ' _. W. 4 CRL6x, 3-4 " 4..+ - 0 I M. lz 4 5& 1 t - I E 14 -N I: -_ 13 t g: I I-4. Vix WK emaC 1. I 13 -Bay, tae Woqme,?-I1bcra N wic. - - -Co B aa-a.Nd-a a- - "- la N 9C, jag~17~~~j ________ -T'~ i'yl 7i Ia. "B iaoqa.7-I C&2V. C0,,4wa?,.c. 27 26"' 4IB C 4 C' 4- N. a a-. Bzcpa.a..Bra,' IaI.."- a I I I I C I I I i I. II f I I II 3 _UJ a;' I I '. -Y _.Y - I - - '. ti4.4. I I Phn. IC __ 0 '41 le J;V C'a. i L. a-a. — Ni w C. &-L C,,. VA 86.IFI.C a 2v Co. - W. I 4 A a'4a -I-. 357 13W- I b . I. I - I # I 36.. I I 11 L.

Page  51 I AI I III - _,\.14_ PI - -1 19 -PR-1 '' 0. M WI *1 MN P. 9,I 5 1 T, rf FRACTIONAL TOWNSHIPS 36 and 37 N.4 RANGE 19 W. OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIANScale 1Y4 inches to I mile C70__1Zzz c7_ c7fo 15zo Z7 YL7 -17 Z CZ ZE-e 170 zcz zz cil. 77(tZ65,21, To g co Z 7 Z:Z7,5 x 7e 0. 00 plunged VczzuZ7ZP Z7 C7bZ-zz7 '00 tvez U-o2yz 00 8 Z Z. CZ 27Z (1.5Z: we& L7 O IZZ Z: Z 4Z 7CK 1 -go ee 00 > 19- Z Cy lli-c Z"3.7=5-17 33 7. 5- Q.) N _77a j_ A57CZ t e _X 7-T7 e's ee,7- CZ ec - Q) _4 0 0 M-9 Ca Z C7 (5r uc2zee ~iI I 'i 5 - _ - —. 4 9 1_6 11 I

Page  52 5 2 RACTIONAL TOWNSHIP 38 N!, RANGES 19 and 20-W.OF THE'MICHIGAN MERIDIAN sale 1% inches to I nalle I 39. 3 9.7 9 1 3e.06 3E),l?E-79 170. 0). WO-00 -770-06 0 0 '70-00;,o — 0 6.1 -70. 0 0 1"7,6.00 OUR/ P ":Yev c-czzzeo C L L J-Z-0 ue zczrzc C& Vroz-z Co. zzr-c2- eo &O eo Q).5,3 0) C70 A z-z az-z'6&czu Z "'%,BO-zzzYCzS &Z 6;3 cu 0 w- T. 5c 71rz: 3. -,9,7czde su-,Czz-? e -&CZ Z7 G CO. Ho 6 e r-r-z-e '90 00 Czzf EorzC - C. F-a z7z. 171nz2r_ Q) e 7a z7CilC-zzlC-6-T Z7.77 -Z Se Z ro 0 CO. torz Tro.zz- CO. CQ 00 f -ri A57-r-a 110-z-z V. Xla-6sozz ID CZteC Co 0. -- A4 17-1 Z-_ -ZS 011z Buc -q0 DeZo z- z e 7. -ZO zz C. C. JECT Z Z-X k4 lpo I&a 7- Z..Z — '9'a 1,3 0 2-z- Z C, 0 &7- te0 5DazzZA -:7(q -Flo Z Z Vczz-z CZe, 0 C.170. Z -3 0;f, -,,Zz zz Z e LAY Z-V e ZJ0-_ -ffurjzberz 11 —ozz CO., 80 C7r. a 0 60 Z'Z A) C C. 2vb C. 0 C. c7b q CZ e- t5 Z-z-o z-z Eloc7z e 2`2 —oz-z '70 gtcze e r, /Sf- lo Co0 B,_r Co 150 1 190 70 170 '76 -71 700- a,-L -I-ZZTZ e C7 727 '77 Q) -', e fo 'z eY'o - t De-177CU-6C 11.,. C-TO2 Z-z -,Yz- LPA 7-Z Z Ho c, -z:-t Bocz -z I eK 7ra t C 2 0 Z-.z-z '50 &a C/-Z,- 8 60 Is -,120 ZY -/I,- 6 0 u p4l - -Z - a Ze. -7vo Z) a-z-e goz- e-,'oz-,' 120 50 C7- d3o ffr,. _F7 _Z Z i-,,eClCxz C& -p 176 0 z?0 Z-7 &e 174 Z 0 -fo-r 1 70 e's (90 7 C, 0 (D-0 CZ (1-11 j-lzo"i77, o 17 Da I j,0 2-d, 40 '- 40 &O 44 CZevL-lczz-z C,-a m ') T' Z'e v e Zczz-zd:lY,5' 2- C7- C/J JV 5 CT CZ 0 T72 0 3 0 Z-Z I-)-o 00 '0 le e v e, la z-z C CL'z it's CZ so 17-0 Zcz z:z-,x 71 Co Z 3v-r-zzez r 60 so Tro,-z Co. a e2 V!,F2eq.2 - 17-0 '76 -ro IR- An G7 7TZ'C Q) 0 Z =I's Z e CY _ZY-Z-W. C' V00 Cr —e,-7zCzz-z Q) 80 -/Yzzo 2/60 7 C, 0 C,/CZC Q) Q) T4-2!). 0 e v e la rza Co 9h CZ Q) Cle Q) (ye la 7-,a g I rao -T-Oz-z CO. _z57z z'O Z i iz Z60 Z 00 oz-c-ey-z e It" -I- 11 '90 zr(:z C70 16oz-z -Z rl 0 r, 0 Se,, -4 40 r-o C, 171)

Page  53 2 3 3:4 -ii ii - - I I, 11 > N71, - - " - -,.1, - - - i lri, 'll 1 r. 533 1 I 1 -.11 ) Rc7. )ONHI 9N. ANE1 W.4 _ OFTEMICHIGAN MERIDIAN Sae1% inches to 1 naile 3 I; I . r I I I I I I I I I

Page  54 ZI - - lle 2 1. 9 - - , "I - - 1* - "I - I 1# KJA- - - - — Q -g 2P 5 4 T Tr ---------- RACT. TOWNSHIP'40 N.," RANGE 19 w OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN inches to I mile R. /9j~<./3A~fLI.A P0 C. Co. j -— I, 9oZ.' 8030 0 40 6oZ, a7S JT,22 c'z~zcs. Coiuio ~C~ozy226~- o0 ICIO N I. V i I II 4c — J8%e!2C, — - Ir 40 "e, t 60 5e r za 78fo 2 80. 80 2 - -.5% zzoz-e2 "Pl5'.6 7 d, 4, 1 —.,.2 4ILAIA I - 33.30~ 1; -9/1\9 —111-- - -- I I — ell — - - -25 -

Page  55 - r3> 55 T w TOWNSHIP 41 Mt RANGE_ 19 W. OF.THE MICHIG ERIDIAN Scale 1% Inches to 1 mile 4I S-5 S9-; a S;z7T 59A7 39.,34-! 3-9.,.j 4..jG AG B city Co 77-Z, nczny, -7. 7z M 0, La en e.7_ 4, size Alvin CI-Y Ln rA M,711 cly c4e ry B cle '1voCyu__e-e co 7-1-Y - _Y to 12 64. to Cle _ZN70 _BC&-N 7' C&- 2VC), I'l-et 'ZI ICY.16 Ilk <5 4-, co nz 77-<z??__V Co, M crny B cle 'Noc7mc 72 exY 21 T W X, Clu u We. Yl e, Won "i I CA — L -J 7-1 y de ffoqueb Cor"7?a7W 1:,rnaix 4. C -,n 27 ____2 C B.W 4rl-Az- Y47-t-e.7 4 -P4 XCIw P Fjsz- 130q gg"Zb- 4. 'Tfr -boyFri. esl NA JUNCTION him.334 3-34.4 14 4 - 11_- -_~ ~_ _.33 Q. 373., ~ *1~

Page  56 56 — L- - - -I - ----- - Tff OWNSHIP 42 N, RANGE 19 W.. -. -. - I -. - I- - - - - - I - I -. -. -. -. -. -. - I - &= I -. -. - - - - OF THE MICHIGAN MERIDIAN SS 81i8I 8T14L T- - T —3- -- - Z", 6, Z 1 &5 i:V, - 9 -I I I I - ----- -- 0, I.6 -Bct7 I / C& I -. i I T I I - 0 1 tS 5 7.-. ' 3-Bay cie' -No qtzet Co. rn-;20 78 —77: 7-7 ] rzz8\ As - 8 88 (6~ Joqt~t 6:o YeveCd (~5~ BCZ~ do Wcy~&e Coi-. 88 I,28 -26 oe608~ 25 I r" I I I I I 1 I I 11 -,I-. I- --- -1 0 1 I ---- 31! a&. I I 1,,, I I - -1 I. - Ba41,Y 34,,~t~ tle 2.Yo qt.8'-etI Co z 35I I888 I-88 I 3 0 CZ e-z-tl.,. 176 -11 S- I - - tl t;

Page  57 I 11 00- 4 0>I 4' ''4 I I _IV I --- -.1V - - - — - - -. 5 "Q, .- - - - 1,. -.- -*N 4I wrmM-M W, I I V-5 Rsm; -, I 11 11 ---------- I -I TOWNSHIP 43 N., RANGE 19 W 57 i I I I i OF THE M~ICHIGAN- MERIDIAN 11 11 - -- I ALGER__ 400 +4+0 0-070 45 1-' -/ Co. loo'olososotY CioffoThoa' 4 5 4000044000 80 - Xo ~. - z. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Bct t 47d 79qze+ o 3../doJo-oo C I o -It oo-Irs- B jd4. -1 Chac.do o'-. 131 C0r/ ce.A'o4o-e4 Co Cle.444CStff C C BoC y e JV(:'<os 4to o.7"pe~ 1 1716 15 7 S 44 4 0-5 500e, - o.50- ae 40 '41 B2.28 Bo e~c 625 I 0.I co 13 Italy - - I I 7 1 1 31 1 48.! *; 1 — 4 "I-, I-VOCIZ-,-e" I 11151( i,I-.1, 56. I A. "I D-&:,JXVv -, IV -- Bary aste 10 35 r 12 -1Z 1+4 k 1 I S I 1.f A'O 0. 0 i.. N 1. I:1 x I t I I 19 -- --Sll - =. F* "), - - - 19- - - 1 1., — - - — ( I - —,?, V\P'p., - /I - - Km I * 5*+ * I- '-!'# -.- -.- -. N N 4-01 0' p 01 -, -. - W.-.,, V i NefflWhOmw4" I

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Page  63

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Page  66

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Page  68

Page  69

Page  70 Di0M2.ft..tJ..................... 922,00 COUNTRIES. CAPITALS. AREA. COMMERCE 22006Squar Miles. POPULATION. with the AINLNSS Areas ofhe Earh,0United States. 5 T2 ta0,,0222 SoCapita. Sq.200.Hos gnta............ 0Butos Aire I.19.247 5,022024 $9,S 8,500 $479,765,265 $00~o Ul kt 2,........ 00,; usrlai 0..122122....OMelbo0ose 2,972,573 1020,75 28,IQ0,784 2,15,0805,444 287.54 ftLSfe........I....... R Ausri-Hungary..... Vien 04oSN 45,405,267 6,~,8 10,7,464,02 24-39 2422. 22122..............n 00 0eliu t. 0.......... rusl 1,373 72074,920 4 5,12.M 544,012,979 8228 22ce00, Noivia..................... La Pa 56743 018267 T6926 0,io,602 3.40 sq.00412 SQ22 02e Brzl:.........Ri de Janir 3,209,8S I4333S2I5 22,24j5,565 5422,69343 37.72.10,001 Blai............ A Sof 38,20 3I744,283 62,421,200 i667 C22,20d02, Do iio f........0 0t24w 3S653,94 I37I,3I5 123,4722416 271,829,0 P 49442 Principal 0Salt22Lak0s0 Chle...............Sniago 2 09 2,712,I45 E,753.222 107.304151 35-1 T 20,S% C t. 2220Sq.M. El,vMr China...,.................. Pekin 4,2I840I 4260407320 20,4822 140,000 2434200 OooS. AM 220,2 00220NW 0 Colmia.... 000.... 0. Bo24t 471,273 3,531(00 2,923,404 1444.s792 062 222h.......20 42,20sO 0 2""O' Costa 0422. 422020...... a Js 23,000 441,522 210.67,243 6403,556 S4 2222240.2.2A. I0,000 120 Cuba. 022222........ avn 44,002 1570077 22,74,572 02. 22, 202 1207 00 15 244,, 9 66,233,849 2i20...... A,2012,0 00 E45604.....,373 00222220. 222 222 2220000 Inis Dth......Baai 736,4o 3600220oo 2,220,943...I.... 222l~......2A 2,0 4400 00 Ecud~or.. N...........Qio 222,000 2,27i,02 0,347,852 5746,628 4.77 2242... 20.2... A.M, 2 2.00 0 00 00 E6t. C~s 4020 4824 67,477 400,743,871 14.2242 2,4.... 0,00."AP.,20422. P2234 D2 S.2....... 02 A 22 2.4402020002 T Fac........... ai 224,02 19,448,00 72,97,307 5,1567o6,4o3 120o32 222222..... 242 222i 202220000 (04224 2. 022512. Brli 208.832 59.295.002 27,64,494 641,849,422 24.94 Pri002ipal0Freshwater 0Lakes, (soat Britai and Irelad.....London 120 979 41467-552 923,7 73,347 18041.333 925499 22 22 224 2A,, 0 Gree0............ 02242. 0460 24 0544 2433O 8S 369,919 159,787,13u 3041 402222222q, q' At422..2 ~ ot2 48,220 1547,300 "I 28,0 122.142.334 7.37 00 s.M4 2,0 222 Naiti..........Por 04 2 r2nce 22204 872,200 2.956,343 27.01.249 2242i 24222402200 00, 42005 40000 H~ oonu. (0042..... 07guig2p 44020o 587500 2969493 96,249.774 224249 22002. 0.40d.a0,....22 142Cal10242 i,7566642 294364044 458660683 2,12202220,239 T 224.o.........N Am 2I2, 2204 20-22n2 2-04222n2IN G00t22 Am 10,00 400 5 7 O.Wii4.... 222.. N.A. 0200224 22402...... N. 4 Ni-g2,...... 22002,....2N02A.06 442442 22002...... $, 237 2222. 22... 20..... 422: E, B 40 0 288 22 Uao; 2222t 2, 2.42 24,004 020 0 2 2 24200 8 12, 20 2200, 2. O. 422422...iE 0,67 2020224522.......... 2" t i 22002 4o4........... o.A Am 2 ':.: 0,',000 242........... 44422.0. 04........ 00........... U "!...... '..... 2.........,.hi 2022. 40022..2.. 22..... s4,.A 220223 0::., 1. A:422 22 A.o t............. 0~ 442 2,W 200~............. 00,m u. 2, 224442 A 2242,224.4242 S.a 44L!.....40.......:..,............ I.0 240424 4 2044 RIO C.* d U. S. &MeL 1o8o 22 00.........o............ 400400240 4,H22 20......,......,......U,002 00 4 00 0441,20 57..4 AG220...............,,,,,,,02 222 042 4...........22........,........,R" 0 22 6200 200 0. l00?.0 '~ 220.,,.,.,,........... 22222L 72g200..........,..T,. 0220002 Aoo00.......... 25126 W.3d 20020............ B f 9,4,00,, 02 0000 F000' 22 00000224............ B 22, 0 00............. G V.30 REVENUE, EXPENDI T otal PerCapita, Total. 640,723,000 54138 $60,757,000 040,755,000 37.320 142,148,000 34,896,002 4.67 75,894,c02 40 5700 832 5oI6,500,040 3,424,022 429 3.663,000 01,917,000 4.05 18830 98,0594020 0.44 502.759,000 38,684,000 1244 34,009,4000 60270,0000 020 7 i,8,ooo 22,324,000 QEs 02,7i20000 64,934,000 1.73 66,750,000 E000000 4.300,41,40002 4S,o5s,oo 00I7 46,944,220 444076,oco 27095 65,250,000 4958,13,220 8347 493220,0000 T7.426,ooo 17.57 897,790,000 24,444,02o oo 6 2 4 327.000 2,o46,oo0 1524 2,464220o T,327,o00 5p66 7,344,000 2,373,222 1.77 1,2644000 37,1 31.022 oIo 346,4,2090 222232220 Mileage 00f022e World, ~76 CAPITALS. AREA COMMERCE Aby00.,.02................ 8 140202 EMile% POPULATION, wit46462 NATIONAL DEMTS. REVENUE. EXPENDITURE. l 20.2........... United 4424222 04ta3 Per Capita 0otal, Per Capita 0223l Per Capita 24, 42ASt h 0 R0000 i,4264 33,2418,300 533,239942 100,40.0.40 $701 157 00200 $1454 3536,44200,o0 10497....................... 0. Toko 262,643 4072,4 22,620,603 244,647,043 3.71 433,039,000 2.40 4300,444.000 2.83............Sou 200 1 OO00 271..53200 104 '4I00.44 "Il............ 0 762047 60o 20000.20.7,..........I,2.4 4 02222400...Meic 767,22 003,6o5,q2 42,0027,766 07,945,345 40.00 009474,002 02.5 004N F h lil 5o.oA::::................... 000.... 22,645u 5.430.981 74,576,646 463,I440,44 086,2 64526020 2450 424120 2.4 U". 20 4 t............ 4212 M0ga 4900 00,0000,3,64,545 4,529,436 oil1 2.403,02 7 039,0 7 2020020242....Christ42ian 3024,445 20,2400,0320 70,376,345 32209 270000 29 7,259,040 446 -42 20.A........ 0sn 2o 257,0000 630,0C0 14,121 22,203,101 23.41 227,227,000 11, 0,007,006 474 K-............... 42.. 422522202eera 224,002 9,020,002,.... 0,300 0.36 7300.20000 1 T7 7,32200.8o K02 bbp..dd.SAt......... 2.... 0I.. 022. Lm 695733 4,620,00 00,573,218 003,159,700 5.02 7535,2 063 MO,=2,0 1.52 52~'..3:::..........:'::: 40..........Lioboo 30003 5,423,I23 491.47 819,80o,930 25202 J702,6000 2456 42,4700,000 I2.446 o 40........ 02 002224 4307 5,559 23,3 72,774,501 64 40,2,0 coo 3,26,000 6,73 N5til....~..00............. 1 St. Petessburg 8,566o,394 329,004,544 798,477 32444,061,734 34321 3,222,429,2 Os,40,o95,o22 8.65 o0000 0 CsZ o. 2.....San Salvador 7,225 2,226,84 144,32 3,46,472 3.4 3,0012,22 3o,274,220 3009 Rh~g................. 04,i... SanoDo m ingo 29,445 6,00 2702,372 340,449 409 4,910.000 3413 2,2,2 o o5.7::.C 42.....Begra2de I9,250 2,493,770. 8o,8o6,2003 324 3609,22 4.37 24,46.2 95...... 204......SI.. Bagko6 320220 510,22,22........II.... 0i5823003,2 2076 43,640,24o 0.2 T0004 4........... 4 066 7070 15147 13,976,1 00,242,319,9700 022 21072 10, 18 27,846,22 2. ' 20020022. 144 422,642702 - Stckol 5217,220,200 9,530,037 92,833,336 27426 49,742.220 9.56 149,52200....22...... 0428 3.......s..... 44,97 3,315443 2023,357 27,400,963 sI1 2o,64i, 00 6di 20,563,000 6.20 22V2.C ostanss lel 4,448,22o 406,2 147 723,125,400 090 0034,5422~ 6 14,44,220 200052 422200. 02463 00225I006oo 76,303,387 -... 904,244,637 4 54 564,604.22o 664 640,323,22 843 Afgh44~ oo.400....................... Motevde 732,04 977104$ s040 1 40,2 170362,827 t32414 670C0 2.2 1502000 15.37 132400~N.......... 22....._.... arca 1 50309300 137240 5540313676 22222233 1006232202,t,880n 4 5,04260 042344224220............ 221 2224224233204............. 08 222244 22222Y4 1045 32,02420._....... 202 2000 002 22 40 h 2............. 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Page  71

Page  72 PATRQNS' RF~ERENCE DIRECTORY OF De1tct Countzy. Miebg EXPLANATION.-The abbreviations are as follows: S. for Section, T. for Township, R. for Range, P 0. for Post-office address. Where no Section Number or Township is given, it will be onderstood that the party resides within the limits of the village or city named, and, in suc~h cases, the post-office address is the same as the place of residence, unless otherwise stated. Abraha mso, Aston, Fareror, S. 10, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabeltt. Adrmrs, Jares, Far er, S.4, T. 393R. 18,P.0. Gorder. Adoms, Robert,Farmoer,S 5,T. 39, R.l0, P.O.Garden. Ahtin, C. Ag.. Faromer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Ahotr, Etias, Former, S. 6, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Rork. Attard, Ed., Farmer S. 7, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Poerronvleit Amer. George, Farmesr, S. 24, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Rapid River. Anedsone, And., Farmrr, S. 30, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River Anderson, Augutt Farmer, S. 21, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Anderson, C.., Farmer, S. 4, T. 38,R. 24, P.0.SBrk River. Anedrsoon, Erirk Partnor rod rumber Maufactrtere, S. 36, T. 38, S. 24, P. 0. Book. River Andermon, Gust, Faormer, S. 5, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Latrbop. Andeorson,Heonig, Farmer,S 6, T.37, R. 24, P.O0. Bark River. Anedrson, John, For er, S. 35, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Groos. Andoermon, John, Farmer, S. 3, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Perkier. Asderson, John, Former reid Highrcac Commissioner, S. 7, T. 39, R, 21, P. 0. Stronigtos. Andermso, 0. M., Farorer, S. 7, T. 33, R. 29, P. 0. Wells. Andenmon, Stone, Fareor, S. 1, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogorrtz. Anderson Bros., Formers, S. 22, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. tRapid Ricer, Andore, Jole J., CheesH Manfacturer Schaffer. A sel, Fred, Former, S. 11, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Arbour, Arthur, Firmer, S. 22, T. 38, R. 09, P. 0. Favette. Archambault, SRoc, Fariner, S. 20, T. 40, R. 22. P. 0. Beramptor. Arnold, Chsr., Proprietor of Hoetr. Deater in Wines, Liqoors red Cigarrs, Farette. Auger, Jos", Parrer and Carpeeter, Schaffer. Ayette, Auguot, Former, S. 20, T. 38, R. 23, F. 0. sord Riser. Barklurd. Anderew, Par er, S. 3. T. 40, R. 24, F. 0. Cornell. Baker, Arr,' PFormer, S. 28. T. 4t, R. 22, P. 0. Bramptoon. Bake,, SMike. Farmer, 5. 03, T. 37, to. 24, P. 0. Bark Ricer. Baldwio, F. 0L., Propieioro rod Poblisbrr of Fsrrooba journal, scarsaba, Brrboo, Lrevi, Lieery, Feeod aod Sole Stable, Gladstone. Booboo, L.evi, Township Supervisor, ~icery rod Sale Stabtr, Rapid Ricer. Sarb River Bridge & Culvert Cr., (E. J. Bergeran aod Ole Harstad), Sorb Rivrr. BarkRivrrStateflank,The, General Banking,Bark River. Barrnrd, Isaac,Farmr, S.5, T.39, R.23, P. 0.ltscanaba Barron, Clifford, For or, S. 34, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladrtone Barror, Dron, Logging, S 32, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Berampton. Barron, Frak Farmer, S. 26, T.40, R.23. P. 0.Gladstone. Barron, Roe, Former, 5. 27, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Bartley, Mrs. Nina 1E., Farmner, S. 12. T. 37, R. 24, P. 0. Book Rivre. Boorh, Fred, Farmer, 5. 5, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Beordslee, Dayton.. Forme, 5. 33, T. 40, R 15, P. 0. Gooden Beruchamp. Arsene, esrter, 5. 29, T. 40, R. 23. P. 0. Gladstone. 0itoeauhamp, Arseor, Faroser, S. 33, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkbie, Beauchoerp, Joe. Livery aned Agent for Lightnring Conductors, Nabma. BoorSamp, Regis, Former, 5. 24, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Beaodre,HEoore.Fareor, S 20, T. 39, R.l, P. 0.Garden. Beaurdy. Joe, Former, 5. 11, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Defiaore. Beaocais, Orinor, Former, S. 7, T. 39, R. 23, F. 0. Escanorba. Bedard, Folio, Former, S. 4, T. 40, R. 23, F. 0. 01adstone. Bedard, Thor. A., For or red Highwrcy Cominsisioner, S. 11, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. OdorSal1. Beggs, 0,. M., Rea lEstat a d Firs Insurance, Escanaba. Beitzer, Geo., Dealer inGroceries, Escanaba. Belonger, boawrenere Former, S. 7, T. 38, R. 24, F. 0. Bock Ricer. Benertt, C. T. red Win., Farmers, S. 19, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid Ricer.e Bennett, Cheotee, Former, 5. 32, T. 42, R. 21, F. 0. Rapid Ricer. Beonett, More,z Farmer, 5. 10, T. 39, R. 24. P. 0. Newboll. Beorette, Welter, Former, 5. 23. T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Garden. 5ennette, Wiltner, Fareore, 5. 25, T. 39, S. 19, F. 0. Garden. BoensonLouis, Forme-r, 0. 34, T. 43, R. 23, P.O0 Rook. Bergeon, Joiner. Firheriano, S. 14, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Ford Ricer. Bergoersen Arne, Former, 0. 1, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Beroloend, Jobs, Faromer, S 21, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schoffe,. Boergotr, Arcid, Former, 5. 28, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Bergmar, H. J., Corhier, The Book Ricer Stole Book, Book Ricer. Bergqoirt, Chas., Former, 0. 20, F. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Steeington, Bergstror, Aaron,Farmoer, S. 3,T. 38, R. 24, P.O0. Book Ricer. Bergstrom, Carl A., Formner, S. 10, T. 30, R. 24, P. 0. Book Ricser. Bergotrore, C. B., Former, S. 9, T. 30, R. 24, P. 0. Book Ricer. Bergstrom, John, Poremr, S. 2, T. 39, R. 23. P. 0. Grooo. Bermiotgharr, Sareb, Freeer. S. 31, T. 41, R. 213, P. 0. Rapid Ricer. Bernard, Edgar, Former, 5. 2, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Berntoen, Maortin, Farmer, 5. 30, T. 41, R. 20, P.O0. SaintJacquees. Besthourere, Fred, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Neweha11. Beroae, Artber 0,., Torwoship Clerk of Perkier Townsbip, Carpenter red Builder, Perkins. Besett, C C-,Fishermao, S. 12, T. 40, H. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Bessee, Gee., Paroner, S. 12, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Perkier. Besson, John, For rer, S. 9, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Brampros. Besson, Win., Farmrer, S. 9, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Brampton. Oithlet0Joo Slone Qoarre rod Cootracorr, 5. 1, T. 39, R. 23. F. 0. Groor. Dirk, Mrrtin, Farmer andTownship FTreairer,.S. 13. T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. FryeIto. Bisiosette, Noel, Dealer is Grocroirs, S. 0, T. -39, R. 23, P. 0. HLr ornba. Bjorkeran, Aug., Farmoo, Maonveills. Blake,James,Dealer ir Lumboer adprert Products,Escanaba. Bloke, Feter, Farmoer, S. 25, T. 39, R 24. P. 0. Hyde. Bloke, Peter J_, Proprietor of Hotel and Saloon, Hode Slier, August, Farmeerr, 5. 11, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Coroell. Blirt, C. A., Pereread HlighwaryCoromissioner, 5. 12, T. 40, R. 24, * F. 0. Cornell. Blo'irm, Charlet, Fae er, 5. 17, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Ford Ricer. Beda, Char., Fartner, 5. 26, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newboll..Boilea, Albert, Far or, S. 7, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. BarkRicer. Boler, Andrewr Johsoro, Farerrr, 5. 10, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Book Ricer, Boeefeld, Chrirter, rod Hoer C.. Farmerso ard Blackrmtoihing, 5. 12, F. 38. R. 22, P. 0. Stoningtorn. Bonefeld, Gee., Farmerr, 5. 12, T. 38, R. 22, F. 0. Stoniegton. Bonefeld, Hrns H., Farmero ad Portmascter of Stonington, 5. 36, T. 39, R. 2 2, P. 0. Stoniegton. Boprie, Darrell, Former, 0formera and Brooder of Holrtein Cettle, 5. 10, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkirre..Bosbsrg,Nels,Farmer, S. 4,T. 43, R.23, P. 0.blahrop. Betrorw, Stepben, Formere, S. 14, T. 43, R. 22, P. 0. Orier, Boudah, Napoleor, Far er, Rapid Ricer. Boudorea, Adlors, Farmers, S, 23, T. 42, R. 22. P. 0. Perkier. Border e, Moo. A., Jr.. Fereor, 5. 9, F. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Boomptoc. Boergeosi, Edmond, Farmers, S, 25, T. 41, R. 19, P. 0. Icabelle, Bdurnfivile, Florence, Fareere, 5. 20, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. 01adetoer. Booely, F. M.,.Far er,S 31, T. 41,R. 18,P. 0.lIsbella. Bowes, Fred F.. Fareros, S. 12, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Gooden Brandt, Andrewe, Faorrer, 5. 13, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonen on. Brandt, Torcl, Farere,S.12. T.39,R. 22, P. 0.Stoningten. Bridg e, A. H., Fariner, Malple Ridge, P. 0. Book. Bridges, H. 0., Townsrhip Tsreasrerrad. Fererso, S.28, T. 43, R. 23, P1. 0. Rock. 'Brisee, Noel, Farmner, S. 8, T. 38, R. 24. P. 0. Bark River Brinker,iHenry,PFarmerS. 9,T. 39,R. 23,P. 0.BEcanaba Brite, Johe, Jr., be berman., Labrop. Beorherton, D.A., Surceor,Esrcanba. Breere, Fred, Former, 5. 5, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkier. BruceHelmer, Formr sonodTownship ClerkS. SFT.35, 5. 24,. P. 0. Book Ricer. Brunette, Henry, Fariner, S. 30, T. 40, R. 23. P. 0. Gladstone. Brueette, Zetique, Parmer, 5. 19, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Brohman, S.,, Dealer is Genesea1 Merchandise, Rapid Ricer. Brokbbe, Cheecer, PropretoreEossarbaGranite and Marble Worsk, Dealer ins Sea 1EHorre, Faerr red Timber Lansd, ErranSr. Budinger, George, Farmerrr, 5. 33, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Bodirger, John, Fartrer, 5. 11, T. 40, R. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Bohler, Andrew, Pariner, S. 15, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid Ricer, Burcikeweki, Johe M., Fere r, S. 10, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid Ricer. Burleroe, F. A.,Farmeso and Supervisr orfBay deNor Townsehip, S. 18, F. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stoniegros. Broke, Win., Farmner, S. 30, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Food Ricer. Botlter, A. H., Fariner red Fishrbman, 5. 112, T. 40, 5. 19, P. 0. Isabellr. BeerS, Chortey, Paro.er, S. 3, T. 40, 5. 19, P. 0. IsabSlla. Byrns, J.,E, Luberbe, Esororba, Cerlsose, Also, Fa err eS. 2, T. 40. 5. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Caerlso, A-el. Pariner, S. 13, T. 40, R. 24. P. 0. Corellt. Carteson, Sriob, Former red Highway Crmmissioeor, S. 3,T.41,R. 22', F. 0. Ferkins. Carlson, Hermarr, Farems, S. 32, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Book Ricer, Cerlsone,Jaob, Farers, S.2, T 40, R.19, P. 0.Isabella. Carlones Jobs, Plaisieg Mill, 'Bleoksmirh, Wagee Makieg end Genesea1 Repairing, Perkins. Caore, Augustin, Penner red Trowrnsip Clerk, S. 27, F' 40, 5. 23, F. 0. Gledstone Cooufel, Arthur rod Ocide, Farmecs, S. 15, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Crseey, Fetrick, Fisbermerr, Fairport, P. 0. Paettert. Cspser,B. &Co.,Dealersin GeneralMerchasdiseo.Garden. Costongury, Fred, Former, S. 20, F. 30, R. 24, P. 0. Book Sicer Coser, Joreph, Former, S.: 14, F. 43, 5. 22. P. 0. Onir Choffee, Johe, Fisberma5, Firport, P. 0. Focettsr. CShtlender, Wre., Fariner, S. 16, T. 40, 5. 21, P. 0. Rapid Ricer. Chaomp. Johe S.. Former, S. 24, T,. 39. R. 22, P. 0. Stoniegton. Chapet, Albert, Former, S. 28, F. 41, 5. 22, P. 0. Bramptoe. Charbonnesa, Camills, Parmer, 5. 27, F. 40, 5. 23, P. 0). Gladrrone. Charetbois, Srephen, Parmer and Dealer in Liquors at Watson, S. 23, T. 48, 5. 24, P. 0. -'canarba, 403 SortS Norris St. Cbarles,Jule,Farmer,S.6, T 40,.S23,P. 0. Cornell. Charron, Alex, Faornr,S. 14,T. 39.SR,24, P.O.Newhblt. CSarrose, Maglocie, Farmer, 5. 13, F. 39, 5. 24, P. 0. Newbolt. Cheeril, Octace, Former red Dealer in Winese, biquoserard Cigars, S. 24, T. 43, 5. 22, F. 0. Otter. Chenier, Joe, Fartemr, 5. 18, F. 39. 5. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Cholotte, Post, Formor, S. 33, F. 39, 5. 24, P. 0'. Sttaffer. Ceouinard, Alfred, Fromeo, 5, 12, F. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Nowhell. Chouisord, Forak, Farroer, S. 12, F. 39, 5. 24, P. 0. Nerwhell. Chouiared, Octace, Faremer, S. 1l,FT.39, R. 24, P. 0. Nerwha11. Christensre, C., Parmer, 5. 12, F. 33, R. 22, P. 0. Stonirtgton. Christensen, HasoP., Poemer, S.32, T.39, R.24,P.0. Bark Ricer. Christiansen, Andorcw, Farmesr, 5. 29, F. 39, 5. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Christianson, Jobs, Former, 5. 335, F..39, 5. 22, P. 0. Stonioigtoe. Christiansott, Themes, Formese, 5. 1, F. 38, R, 22, P. 0. Stesiegtoe, Christie, John, Prorprieotr of New Ludington Hotel, EsornaSa. Clarsen, C. C., Formso, 5. 12, T. 42, 5. 22, P. 0. Perkies. Cleer rob ead&bLumboerCo.,DalrlssinLandseandbLumbero,Cornell. Clemrent, Joiner. Former, S. 9, F. 39, 5. 18, P. 0. Garden. Cliftos, Joe, Former, S. 1, F. 38, 5. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Cobbeldick, J., Former, 5. 1, F. 42, 5. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Coburn, H. W., Posteaster, Esrcanata. Celbure. J. 0., Partesto Lubeber Manufacttrer red Supercisor of Cornel1 Townsotip, Coresll. Collins, Ire, Parming red Teamnig, Gladston-. Collinsotn, F. H., Far ero, S. 10, F. 38, 5. 19, P. 0. Faeytte. Cemiesres, Ernst0, Paromer, 5. 32, F. 42, 5. 21, P. 0. Rapid Ricer. Conklin, Peter, Farmoo, S. 27, F. 41. R. 22, P. 0. Bee ptoe. Coestantinea, Adelrd. Paromor, S 3, F. 40, 5. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Conrtantineau, Wem., Farerror 5. 18, F. 39, 5. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Cook, Jos.., Farmer,S.8, T. 40,R. 24, P. 0.Woodlawn. Cork, Nelsoe, Faroers an4 Towneship Clerk, S. 12, F. 38, 5. 22, P. 0. Stoeirsgtonee, Coolaw LouisoP., Farmso, Saint Jacques. Cooper, Gee. B., Farimer, S. 32, F. 40, R. 23. F. 0. HEscanaba. CotaCharle, end Charles CotaoJr., Farmers,S.5,FT. 39, R. 23,FP.O, Core, Ovid M., Pore tr, S. 9sT. 39, 5. 18, P. O.Garden. Ceosinero, Joseph, Penner, 5. 18, F. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Scbaffer. Cousineae, Maggie, Former, 5. 16, F. 39, 5. 18, F. 0. Goode,,, Coerino, bouis, Parnere, 5. 16, F. 39. 5. 18, P. 0. Garden. Ceosino, FThinas, Foermins or lbs Couety Poor Faret, S. 12, T. 39, 5. 23, P.O0. Escenba. Crepeau. Jet., Formor, S. 28, F. 39, 5. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Cr miskey, Jobs, Attorney, Ecanarba. Cetinirkey & Spenore, Attorneys, Escanabe. Corersn, Frank, Fariner, S. 4, F. 43, R. 23. P. 0. Lathrop. Corersn, Fini J., Sheriff Dolta County, Errorabe.Dahl, Ardorew.Frmer, S. 9, T. 38, 5. 24, F. 0. Bark Ricer. -Dahl, Johrn, Former, 5. 4, F. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Book Ricer. ODShei, Henry, Farroer, S. 17, F. 38. R. 24, P. 0. Book River., Dahlstro, Prtor J., Faroers, 5. 4, F. 41. 5. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Dohe, Adaom W., Former, S. 6, F. 40, 5. 22, P. 0. Gladstone. Daigneeott, Hog., Farmerr, S. 19, F. 39, 5. 24, P. 0. SchSfer Doily Mirror, The, Icre George English, Publisher, EsteeaSr. Oalgord, C., Proner, S. 19, F. 30, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Drlgaod, Heillie, Par rer, 5. 17. F. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette, Darowe, John, Dealer ir Generral Mercbandiose, Rpid River. Drossy, Ed., Jo., Paroeer, S, 27, F. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Gladsones. DeckerJohn P., Farmers, S. 9, F. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Erranabe. Decker, J. Hesry, Farmees, S. 15, F. 40, 5. 21, P. 0. Rapid Riser. Os Graed, Alphonce, Fereor red Hslorticltrist, 5. 31, F. 39, 5. 22, P.O0. Esranaba. Degraed,Fraek,Farmier, S. 3,T. 40, 5. 23, P. O0orEscnba. Os Gorend, Fictter, Luoerbr 0anueritrters, Escanaba, 1900 Feeds St. De Groff, U., FarmerS.21,T. 41, R. 22, P.0.Blrinpton. Deiter, Albird, Former, 5. 4, F. 40, 5. 23, P. 0. Coreell. Drite, Frederick S., Faroerer, 5. 27, F. 40, 5. 23, P. 0. Gladsonse. Dejoelais, H. J., Former, S, 14, F. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Defiance. Deloia, Heery, Dealeir inGeneralMerhandise n Drly GoodsGarden. Deloria, Joseph, PostesastereofGardseeed Orblir inGroceriesGardee. Deoroia, Noe, Proprietor of Garden H Orse, larden. Della Coutsty Officers:-Judge of Probate, Judd Foell d, Hroreoba~ Sheriff, Fiinothy J.Currae, Sscasoba UnderSheriff, Georeg Rowe, Escasaba; Counrtc Clerk, Johe A. Seinor, srcaeaba; Register sof Deeds, Charles Wv. MallerS, Erraeaba; Coenty Treasurer, Joseph J. Halimnne, ErranaSot Porosetieg Atborney, Torva 1E. Strein, Erraeaba; Couety Survceyor, Delevan J. Bootherbsn, Horrerbe; Coesly School Ceommissioer, Pete R. begg,Gldte Cry Rood Cooriissioners, HErir Anedrson, Escanaba, Sorer Jobesoe, Gladstone, an dH. Wv. Reade, Ercanba. Boared of SepefrvisorsWN. A. bmriner, Meyer, roseSab; R. W. Coolere, lot Word, Esoca aba Fraek H. Watkins, 2ed Word, Soeseanbo; bee Dinesen, 3nd Wrd, SEscanba; Edward J. McMartin, lb Ward, Escansaba; Peter N. Petersorn, 515 Ward, Escanaba; Nets Ablquist. 6th Word, Esteeaba; AlexHammerbseg. 7rh WsrdEscaerba;C. C.Stephenroe, Asessoer, EsteeaSo; S W. Nebel, let Wend, Gladstoee; Peter Laineg, 2ed Word, Gladsonee; Sobert Cacill, 3rd Weed, Glardstoee; B. J. Cassidy, 4th Wood, Gladstone; Fred Rebbirts, Boldwis Fewn ship, Perkier; Phil 0,abee, Book Ricer Towneship, Sorb Ricer; FeranbBurleson, Boy de Noet Fewnsbip, Stesiegose; Robert B.

Page  76 76 Beattie, Brampton Township, Kipling; J. D. Colburn, Cornell Township, Cornell; Thos. Jones, Escanaba Township, Gladstone, R. F. D. No. 1; John Folio, Fairbanks Township, Fayette; Andrew Englund, Ford River Township, Ford River; Wesley Gray, Garden Township, Garden; John Larson, Maple Ridge Township, Rock; Levi Barboo, Alasonville Township, Rapid River; Fred W,. Good, Nahmla Township, Nahma; Richard E. McLean, Wells Tawnship, WVells. Delta Hardware Co., Wholesale, Escanaba. Delta Printing Co., Job Printers and Office Outfitters, Escanaba. Delvaux, David, Farmer, S. 4,-T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Delvaux, Joseph, Farmer, S. 4, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Demense, Louis, Farmer, S. 29, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Demers, Philiph, Farmer, S. 29, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Deno, Nels & Noe, Farmers, S. 5, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Derochey, Desty, Farmer, S. 8, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Derouin, Alex, Farmer, S. 31, T. 39, R. 23, P. O.. Hyde Derouin, Frank, Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Derouin, Joseph F. Farmer, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Derouin, Morse, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 24, P, 0. Hyde. Derouin, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 30, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Derouin, Wilfred, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Devet, Mrs. Annette, Dealer in General Merchandise, FaP ette. De Vet, Frank, Fishermnan, Fairport, P. 0. Fayette. De Vet, Harrv, Fartner, S. 34, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Dickson, Alex, Farmer, S. 12, T. 37, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Dietel. Julien. Far-mer, S. 8, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Dittrich, Charles A., Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Dittrich, Gust, Farmer, S 1, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0.. Hyde. Doherty, Michael, Real Estate and Insurance, Escanaba. Donovan, James, Farmer, S. 31, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Douglas, G. W., Livery, Bark River. Dourin, Morse, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 24. P. 0. Hyde. Doutre, Edward, Farmer, S. 28, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Doutre, Gideon, Farnler, S. 30, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Doutre, J. B., Livery, Schaffer. Dubord, Alphonse, Farmer, S. 7, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Dubord, Jos. H., Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R 24, P. 0. Hyde. Duby, Dve, Farlier, S. 18, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. DOLby, LoFaruiser, Farmer,. 14, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Duford, Theo., Dealer in General MIerchancise and Farming Implements, Schaffer. Duford, Urcice, Farmer, S. 12, T 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. Dufrene, Joe, FarPmer, S. 21, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Dugas, Elml-r P., Farmer, S. 9, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Dupie, Artimus, Farmer, S. 20, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0.. Schaffer. Dupont, Eli, Farmer, S. 15, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Dupuis, Emma, School Teacher, S. 20, T 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Duranceau, Mab, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 21, P 0. Masonville. Duval, Louis, Farmer, S. 14, T. 43, R. 22, P. 0.. Osier. Dyberg, Charles, Farmer, S. 4, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Lathrop. Eagle, J. M., Blacksmithing and General Repairing, Lathrop. Eagle, P. R., Farmer, S. 22, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Brampton. Edberg, W., Farmer, S. 33, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Eddv, N. A., Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Bark River. Mr. Eddy served in Company C. 11th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Eggert, Julius, Farmer, S. 9, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Eklund, John A., Farmer, S. 31. T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. EksEtronl, Ture, Farmer, S. 31, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Emardv,Roy, Farmer, S. 7, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Englund, Andrew, Farmer and Supervisor of Ford River Township, S. 17, T 38, R. 23, P. 0. Ford River. Englund, Louis, Farmer, S. 26, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Enshaw, William, Farmer, S. 3, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, 608 South Norris St. Ericksen, Thomas, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Erickson, Edward Farmer, S. 7, T. 38, R 24, P. 0. Bark River. Erickson, Erick, Farmer, S. 3, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Erikson, John A., Farmer, S. 3, T 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Erickson, Ole, Farmer, S. 4. T. 38, R. 24, P 0. Bark River. Erickson, Ole, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Erickson, Olof. Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Escanaba Brewing Co., Escanaba. Escanaba Hardware Co., Wholesale and Retail Hardware, Escanaba. NEscanaba Harness C o., TheoJ. Sheedlo, Proprietor, Manufacturers of High Grade Harness and Strap Work, Escanaba. Escanaba Morning Press Co., Daily Newspaper, Escanaba. Escanaba National Bank, General Banking, Escanaba. Estenson. Carl, Farmer, S. 9, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, North Escanaba Station. Ettenhofer, John, Farmer, S. 26, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Ettenhofer. Louis, Farmer, S. 3, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, 608 South Norris St. Everingham, Lyman, Farmer, S. 2, T. 40, R. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Exchange Bank, General Banking, Gladstone. Fagan, John, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38. R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Fair Savings Bank, The, Department Store, General Merchandise, Escanaba. Falk, August, Farmer, S 31, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Falk, Erick, Farmer, S. 31, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Feldhusen, John, Farmer, S 10, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Fenlon, John, Farmer, S. 36, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Fenlon, Tom and Jerry, Farmers, S. 36, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Ferner, Geo. W., Postmaster, Dealer in General Merchandise, and Farmer, Woodlawn. Pillion,1 Alex, Farmer, S. 2, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. Fillion, Antion, Farnler, S 19, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0 Schaffer. Pillion, Felix, Farmer, S. 12, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. Pillion, Joseph, Farmer, S. 12, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. Pillion, J. Evangeliste, Farmer and Lumber Manufacturer, S. 18, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0 Schaffer. First National Bank, General Banking, Escanaba. Fitch, Homler L., Lawyer, Escanaba. Fohriman, John, Postmaster and Dealer in General Merchandise, Perkins. Follo, John, Farmer and Supervisor of Fairbanks Township, S. 16, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Follo, Ole. Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Favette. Foote, Dr. E. L., Physician and Surgeon, Garden. Forgette, M. L., Postmaster, Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, etc., Hyde. Forrest, John, Farmler S. 2, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Forsterling, E. B., Contractor, S. 6, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Lathrop. Fortune, F, Bookkeeper for Vans Harbor L. & L. Co., Vans Harbor. Fournier, Fred, Farmer, S. 6, T. 42, R. 21, P. 0. Osier. Foy, Mrs. Maggie, Proprietress of Hotel and Farming, Isabella. Francen, Swvan, Fartner, S, 18, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Fran1che, WVilliam, Farmer, S. 30, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Frechette, Chas, Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Prechette T. B., Dealer in General Merchandise, Bark River. Freeman, Cyrus, Farmer, S. 10, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Freytag, Win., Fartner, S. 3, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Friday, George, Farmer, S. 12, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Osier. Froberg, Alfred, Farmer, S. 25, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Masonville. Froberg, August, Farmer, and Lumber Manufacturer, S. 15, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Froberg, Chas., Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Gladstone. Froberg, Nels, Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Gladstone. Fuhrimann, Geo,, Farer, S. 5, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Fulcher, D. L., Farmer, S. 33, T. 40, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Fydo, Joe, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R, 24, P. 0. Bark River. Gader, Gust, Farmer, S. 19. T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Gagnon, Eug., Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, S. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Gagnon, Publius, Postmaster, Farmer and Dealer- in. General Merchandise, St. Jacques. Gamache, Jos., Farmer, S. 13, T. 39, R. 21, P.. Stonington. Garden State Savings Bank, The, C. F. Ewald, Cashier, General Banking, Garden. Gardener, Mose, Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. Gardipee, Chas. and Clyde, Farmers, S. 19, T. 38, R. 19, -P. 0. Fayette. Gardner, Felix, Fartmer, S. 32, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Garearu, Fred, Farmner, S. 29, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Gasman, H. F., Dealer in Farnl Implemeents and Tools, Bark, River. Gasman,. Joln, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Gauthier, John, Fisherman, Fairport, P. 0. Fayette. Gauthier, Magloire, Farmer, S. 20, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Sclaffer. Gel main, Joe, Farmer, S. 12, T. 39. R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. Geroured, Dealer in es, Dealer in ines, Liquors and Cigars, Perkins. Gerou, John, Farnler and Lu0lber 1Manufacturer, Perkins. Geroux, Joseph, Farmer, S. 33, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Gibbs, H. D., Merchant, Perkins. GibbsJosph &Sons, Joseph &S, Dealers i General erchandise and Forest Products, Perkins. Gierke, John, Fisherman, Fairport, P. 0. Fayette. Giese, Robt., Farmer, and Bic0ycle Repairing, S. 5, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Bark River. Gingrass, Jas. E., Civil Engineer, Gladstone. Glover, Charles, Farmer, S. 7, T. 39, R. 20, P. 0. Stoningtol. Godin Felix, Felixarmer, S. 28, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0 Gladstone. Good, F. W., General, MIanager Bay De Nocquet LuulDer Co. and Township Supervisor, Naelha. Goodman, August, Dealer in Real Estate, Farming Lands, and Lumbering, S. 28, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Goodreoue, Jo9, FarPmer, S. 12, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Escanaba. Gorham, Mrs. R. E., Dealer in General M5erchandise, S. 36. T. 41, R. 21, -Ensign, P. 0. Rapid River. Goulev, Alex, Farmer, S. 6, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Gouley, Mrs. M. P., FarPling and Lumbering, S. 14, T. 39, R. 19, P. O. Garden. Granholm, William, Farmer, S. 29, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Gray, Wesley, Farmer and Township Supervisor, S. 18, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Green, Andrew, Farmer. S. 7, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Green, Anlton, Farmler, S. 25, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Green, R. D., Farmer, S. 32, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Green Bros., Farmers, S. 32, T 38, R 19, P. O. Fayette. Gree0nhoot Bros., Tinl0er and Farming Lands, E1scanaba. Groleau, Joseph, Farmer and Fisherman, S. 14, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Saint Jacqes. Groleau, Thos., Farmer, S. 2, T. 40, R. 20. P. 0. Saint Jacques. Groos, Tacob A., Township Clerk, Postmaster, Dairy Farmlirg and Dealer in Farmll ImplemLents, S. 1, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Groos. Gudijonis, Augustis, Farmer, S. 12, T. 40, R. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Guertin, Ed., Farmer, S. 14, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Gunlderson, Carl P., Real Estate and Investments, Eacanaba. Gunderson, Chas. A., Dealer in Farm Implements, Escanaba. Gunkel, Charles, Farmer, S.,25, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Gust, Chas., Farmer, S. 21, T. 41, R. 24, P. 0. Woodlawn1 Gustafson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, 1414 Wells Ave. Gustafson, Charly, Farmer, S. 3, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Gustafson, Erick, Farmer, S. 21, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Gustafson, Gust, Farmer, S. 5, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Gustafson, Gust, Farmer, S. 18, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Rapid River. Gustafson, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Haas, Herman, Farmer, S. 29, T. 40, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Hakes, A. A., Farmer, Bark River. Hakes, C. D., Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Hall, Erick, Farmer, S 28, T. 42, R. 22, P O. Perkins. Hall, H. S., Manufacturer of and Dealer in all Kinds of Lumber and Timber Products, Tronbly, P. 0. Defiance. Hall, John, Farmer and Township Treasurer, Perkins. Hall, Sven, Farmer, Perkins. Hamlmarberg, John V., Farnler and Lumber lanufacturer, S. 7, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Hansen, S. J., Farmer, S. 4, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Hanson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Hanson, Hans, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Hanson, Hans B., Farner, S. 22, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. 1Hansen, Hans T., Farmer, S. 5, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Hanson, M1artin, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Escanaba. Haring John, Livery, Escanaba. Harlow, H. A., Farmer, S. 4, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Lathrop. Harrison, Chas., Foreman for MI. Mashevy, Cornell. Harstad, Ole, Bark River Bridge and Culvert Co., Bark River. Hart, Joe, Farmer, S. 30, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. H de., Hawken.-on, Herman, Farmer, S. 21, T. 39, R. 24, 'P. 0. Schaffer. HIayden, Clyde, Lawyer, Escanaba. Hayward, C. E., Farmer, S. 5, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Lathlop. Hazen, Theo., Carpenter and Builder, Garden. HeBert, A., Farmer, S. 18, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Hedlund, J. V., Farnler, S. 20, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Heim, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. 1Henderson, F., Farmer, S. 31. T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Hederson, Grant, Farner, S. 12, T. 37, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Hennessey, Jamoes, Liveryman. Garden. Heric, Chas., Fisherman, S. 28, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0 Ogontz. Heric, E., Fisherman, S. 28, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Hesse], Q. R., Sale Stable, Escanaba. Higgins, Thomas A., Farmer, S. 35, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Mr. Higgins served in Battery H Independent Light Artillery, Pennsvlvania Volunteers. I-e enlisted in 1863 and was discharged 1865. Mlr. Higgins was born in 1843. He was married in 1884 to Ellen Hollondsworth. Hilbe, Andrew, Farmer, S. 2, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Hillbonl, Johan Albert, Farmer, S. 31, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Hilnk, F. W., Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R 19, P. 0. Favette. Hodgkins Bros, Farmers, S. 19, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Hyde. Holm, Fred Farmner and Section Foreman, Cornell. Holmquist, Frank, Dealer in General Merchandise, Isabella. Honborg, Peter, Farnler and Fishe-mlan, S. 2, T. 38, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Hopp, James, Farmer, S. 25, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Perkins. -- Horning, David, Farmer, S. 29, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. I-Iuber, Frederick, Insurance, Real Estate and Loans, Gladstone. Hubert, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Humbert, Delor, Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Humbert, Harvey, Farmer, S. 15, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Hupy, Phil, Real Estate, Fire Insurance and Loaus, Gladstone. Hutchins, 1H. L., Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R. 19, P O. Garden. Hyde, R. WV., Farmer, Garden. Hynes, Chas., Farmer, Garden. Illinois Northwest Colonization Co., Dealers in Choice Farming Lands Delta and Schoolcraft Counties, Michigan, Chicago, 11., 908- Tacoma Bldg. Irving, Bruce, Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Isakson, Nels, Farter, S. 4, T. 43, R. 23, P O. Lathrop Iversen, Emil, FarPter, S. 24, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Bralpton, Jackson, Glenn WX., Lawyer, Gladstone. Jackson, J. E., Dealer in Clothing, Hats, Caps and Gents' Furnishings, Escanaba. Jacobson, Hans C., Farmer and Supt. of Farners Dock, S. 2, T. 38, R. 22, P. O Stonington. Jacobsonl, Jentoft, Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Jacobsen, Peter, Fisherman, Fairport, P. 0. Fayette Jaeger, Mrs. G., Farming, S. 15, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Ford River Jaeger, WV. R., Proprietor The Delta County Reporter, Newspaper, Gladstone. Jahnke, Henry, Farmer, S. 17, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River Jakobson, 1Magnus, Farm1er, S. 13, T. 38,5R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Jennings, & Mathews, Attorneys, Escanaba. Jensen, George, Farmer and Fisherman, S. 14, T. 37, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Johnson, Aaron, Farmer, S. 6, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Johnson Alex, Farmler, S. 36, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Johnston, Mrs. Andrew, Farming and Postmistress of Ogontz, S. 8, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogolltz. Johnson, August, Farner, S 5, T 39, R 23, P. 0O. Escanaba. Johnson, Axel, Farmer, S. 13, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington Johnson, Carl, Fartner, S. 14, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Escanaba. Johnson, Carl, Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0O. Bark River. Johnson, Carl \7., Farmer, S. 1, T '38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, 1622 Ludington Ave. Johnson, Charles. Farmer. S. 17, T- 38, R. 24, P. 0. 0 Bar River Johnson, Chas., Farmer, S. 6, T. 39, R. '1, P. 0. Stonington Johnson, Chas. N., Farmer, S. 9, T 38, R. 23, P. O Bark River * Johnson, Chas... Farmer S., 5, T. 38, R. 23, P. O. Bark River Johnson, Christ, Farmer, S. 6, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. EIscanaba North Escanaba Station. Johnson, Edwin, Farmer, S. 25, T. 41, R. 19, P. 0O Isabella. Johnson, Frank, Dealer in WVine1, Liquors and Cigars, Farm and Timber Lan0ls, Lathrop. Johnson. Gust, Farmer, S. 18. T. 38, R. 24, P. 0O. Bark River. Johnson, Herman, Farmer, S. 2, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Johnson, John, Farmer, S. 4, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. Johnson, John, Farmer, S. S, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Johnson, J. H., Farmer, S. 24, T. 41, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Johnson, John L., Farmer, S. 31, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0O. Stonington Johnson, John N., Farmer, S. 18, T. 39, R. 23, P 0., Hyde Johnson, Julius, Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Johnson. Julius, Farmer, S. 7, T. 39, R. 21, P. O. Stonington Johnson, Leonard, Farmer, S. 21, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Johnson, Louis B., Farmer, S 26, T. 40, R. 23, P. O. Gladstone. Johnson, Nels, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Johnson, Nels F.. Farmer, S. 4, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapi i River Johnson, O. P., Farmer, S. 18, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Johnson, P. A., Farmer, S. 35, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Johnson, Peter, Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Johnson, Peter, Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R. 22, P. O. Stonington: Johnson, Viggo, Farmer and Fisherman, S. 14, T. 37, R. 24 P. 0. Bark River. ' Johnson, Warner, Farmer, S 6, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Jokela Isak, Farmer, S. 2, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0O. Rock. Jolicoeur, Paul, Farmer, S. 28, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Jolly, Joe, Farmer, S. 9, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Jolly, Louis, Farmer, S 4, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Jones, Sirs. John. Farmer, S. 18, T. 40, R. 20, P 0. Ogontz. Jones, O0en, Farmer, S. 26, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Joque, Edw., FarPner, Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Garden. Jorgensen, Adolph, Farmer, S. 8, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Kalkki, Nestor, Farmer, S. 6, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Kaminen, John, Farmer, S. 4, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0O Rock. Kaminerh, Oskar, Farnler, S. 4, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Kasbohm. Henry, Farmer, S. 5, T. 38, R 24, P. O. Bark River Kasten, H. A., Blacksmith and Farmer, Hyde. Kaufmann, Louis & Son, Livery, Escanaba. Kaukala, Jacob, Farmer, S. 32, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Kauthen, MIke, Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Kay, George, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 22, P. 0O. Stonington. King, Mrs. Delphine, Farmer, S. 16, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. Kingsley. \07Wm., Farmer, S. 4, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Wells. Kivisto, John, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 24, P. 0. Voodlawn. Kivisto, Matt, Farmer, S 30, T. 41, R. 24, P. 0. Woodlawn. Klotz, Jacob, Farmer, S. 4, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Brampton. Klotz, M. S., Farmer, S. 30, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Kratze Bros., Dealers ill General 0 M1erchandise, Wholesale and Retail, W7earinlg Apparel, Escanaba. Krause, Wilhelm, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Ford River Krouth, Fred, Farmer, S. 9, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Kurz Brothers, Dealers ill Real Estate and Horses, Escanaba. Labell, DenPnis, Farmer, S. 14, T. 43, R. 22, P. 0. Osier. Labine, Jos., Farmer, S. 32, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. LaBranch, Thomas, Farmer, Trombly, P. 0. Defiance. Labre, Phil, Dealer i White Cedar Posts, Ties, Poles, Shingles and Cordwood, Hardware, Implements and General Merchandise, Bark River. LaBresh, Fred, Far0er, S. 3, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Perkins. LaBresh, 1edrick, Farm1er, Contractor and Jobber, Dealer in Farming and Timber Lands, S. 32, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. LaBroos, John, Superintendent for Bay Denocquet Farm, P. 0. Nahma. LaBute, Thos. E. Farmer, S. 33, T. 40, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Lachance, Mose, Farmer, S. 33, T. 42, R. 22 P. 0. Perkins. Lachapelle, Napoleon, Farmer, S 36, T. 39, R. 24, P 0O. Hyde. Lacost, John, Farmner, S. 21, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. LaCross, Anatolle, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Garden. Lafave, Saul, Farmer, S. 18, T. 39. R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Lafleur, M1artial, Hotel, Dealer in \ines, Liquors a.id Cigars, Cornell. Lafra0nboise, Mrs. O., Farmer, S. 3, T. 42, R. 23. P. O. Rock. Lafriner, A., Farmer, S. 9, T. 41. R. 22, P. 0O. Brampton. Laiti0nen, Kalle, Farmer, S. 5. T. 42, R. 23, P. 0O. Rock. Lalande, lore, Farmer, S. 30, T. 43, R. 21, P. 0. Osier. LaLonde, Gust, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 18, P. 0. Isabella. Lamarch, Albert, Farmer, S. 12, T. 39, R. 24. P. 0. Newhall. Lamarch, Arthur, Farmer, S. 2, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0O. Newhall. Lamarch1, Gedon, Farmer, S. 12, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. Lamarch, Leon, Farmer, S. 14, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Lamarch, Victor, Farmer, S. 35, T. 40, R. 24, P. 0O. Newhall. Latmberg, Gust, Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Lamberg, John, Farmer and Highway Commissioner, S. 4, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Gladstone.

Page  77 t.arnirand, Octave, Farmer, S. 10, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Lamothe, Dr. Edward, Cancer Specialist and Farmer, S. 16, T. 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. Lamothe, J., Farmer, S. 9, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden..Lancour, Edmund, Farmer, S. 4, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Brampton. Lancour, H. H.,, Hotel Keeper and Dealer in Soft Drinks. Perkins. LIancoure, Mitchell, Farmer, S. 28, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone., and and Loans Co., City Real Estate, Timber Lands, Improved Farms and Loans. Escanaba. L andis, Jakob, Farmer and Lumber Manufacturer, S. 31, T. 41, R. 18, P. O. Isabella. h ang, John, Fisherman, Fairport. P. 0. Fayette. I pLapalme, Joe, Farmer, S. 14. T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newhall. p Lapalrme. O, Ovila r, S 24, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Newh-all. Larch, William, Farmer, S. 28, T. 40, R. 23, P. O. Gladstone..:aRose Frank and Jo.hn Farmers, S. 35, T. 39, R. 19, P. O. Garden LaRose. John, Jr.. Farmer. S. 20, T. 2 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. L Larsen, Christen, Farmer, S. 17, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. ' Larsen l, E. Farmer, S. 36, T. 49, R. 22, P.. Stonington. X ',arson, Halvor Farmer, S. 14, T. 37, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. L Larson, Jens M, Farmer, S. 4, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. LarsonJohn, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell..Larson, Olof, Farmer, S 18, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, 708 South Jennie St. Larson, Peter, Farmer, S. 9, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba., itrson, Theo., Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River, Larson, John, (of Larson Brothers) Supervisor of Maple Ridge Township, Rock.,L tarson Brothers, Postoffice, Dealers in General Merchandise, Farm Imi plements, Lumber, etc.. Maple Ridge, P. O. Rock.:,arson, A. & Co.. Lumberman, Contractors, Builders and General Machine Shop, Maple Ridge, P#O. Rock. taSalle, Amie, Farmer, S. 35, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Garden. Latimer, Albert, Livery, Gladstone. t X aure, David. Farmer, S. 29, T. 39, R. 24,. Bark River. Lari, John, Farmler, S. 32, T. 43,. 23, P. O. Rock. Lausc'her, Alvis, Farmer, S. 31, T. 41, R. 23, P. O. Cornell. ausen, Jacob, Farmer, S. 36, T. 3936, T. 39, R 2, P.O. Stonington. Ltaux, E. A., Farmer, S. 16, T. 38, R. 19, P. O. Fayette. Laux, tWm., Farmer and Township Clerk, S. 16. T. 38, R. 19, P. O. Fayette.,t taVigne, Alphonse. Farmer, S. 15, T. 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. CiC LaVigne, Henry and Joe, Farmers, S. 4, T. 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. LaVigne, J. B., Farmer, S. 4, T. 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. g LaViolette, Clenl, Farmer, S. 20, T. 39, R. 24, P.. Schaffer. IaViolette, C. D., Farmer, S. 31, T. 43, R. 21, P.. O. Osier. LaViolette, Napoleon, Farmer and Lumberman, S. 35, T. 43, R. 23, P. O. Rock. tXebombarb, Nelson, Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Hyde. tLIeclaire, Alphonse, Dealer in Wi les, Liquors, etc., Schaffer. - eClaire, Clifford, Farmer, Perkins. Lee, Paul, Farmer and Dealer in Horses, S. 26, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Braulmpton.,Lefebvre, Arthur, Farmer, S. 21, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. X egace, Julien. Blacksmithing, Wagon Making and Repairing, Schaffer. g Legg,, P. R., County Superintendent of Schools, Gladstone.: LeGolvan, Rev. Paul, Catholic Priest, Garden. enzi, Basilio, Farmer, S. 14, T. 42, R. 23, P.O. Defiance. If,eroux, Fred, Farmer, S. 30; T. 39, R. 24 P. O. Schaffer. I Leveque, Francis, Farmer, S. 16, T. 40, R. 22, P. O. Bratpton. Lt Aindberg, Carl J., Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 21, P. O. Masonville.: Linden. O. V., Collections alnd Justice of the Peace, Esca.laba. Lindquist, Conrad, Farmer, S. 2, T. 40, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Lindquist, Henry, Farmer, S. 28, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. 1, findquist, N. T, Farmer, S. 2. T. 40, R. 21, P O. Rapid River. tindstrom, Erik, Farmer, S. 36, T. 41, R. 19, P. O. Isabella. tindstrom, Peter, Farmer, S. 6, T. 3, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. L Jistle, John M., Farmer, S. 8, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. L' ofgren, Swan, Farmer, S. 14, T. 37, R 24, P. O. Bark River. t Lofquist. Nels. Farmer. S. 17, T. 38, R. 23, P. O Bark River. Logan, John, Farmer, S. 4,. 4 1, R. 22, P. O. Perkins. Logerquist, Egert, Farmer, S. 20, T. 38, R. 24, P.. Bark River. 'Longerquist arnest, E t, Farmer, S. 32,. 39, R. 24, P.. Bark River. S Long, Fred, Farmer, S. 29, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Hyde. L- orenson, Christian, Farmer, S. 36, T. 39, R. 22, P.. Stonington. L orenson, George, Farmer. S. 1, T. 38, R. 22, P.O..Stonington. - ouis, Fred, Farner, S. 24, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Garden. Lducia, Alex. Farmer, S 8. T. 41, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Mr. Lucia served in Company G. 4th Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry from jail. 23, 1864 to close of war. Lueneburg, Fritz, Farmer, S. 21, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Lundberg, C. V., Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. undin, John, Farmer, S. 5. T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. t tundquist, Louis. Farnler. S. 18. T. 38, R. 24 '. O. Bark River.,unzman, John H., Farmer, S. 3, T 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River.,usardi, Geo. J., Farmer, Trornblv, P.. Defiance. 2 FLussier 1 Wilfred, Farmer, S. 14, T. 43, R. 22, P. O. Osier. Lynaugh, Thomas, Farmer, S 21, T. 40, R. 21, P. O. Gladstone. L tynaugh, Mrs. Wm., Farmer, S. 20, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Gladstone. IcClellan, F. R., F. armer, S. 2, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. M* cColl, John P., Manager Delta Countv Abstract Co., Ecanaba. McDonald, Alex, Fisherman, S. 8, T. 39, R. 2(, P. 0. Stonington. M lcDonald, Alnna, Farming, S. 34, T. 39, R. 19, P. O. Fayette. McDonaldl, Robt, A., Farmer, Garlen. I McDonough, T. W., Prop-ietor West End Livery, Escanaba. McDougall, M.,,.M.,. 4,.. 41, R. 21, P.. Rapid River. McGraw, J. C., Farmer, S. 28, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Brampton. McGregor, Geo. N. and Wm. E. Thomson, Farmers, S. 19, T. 38, R. 19, P. O. Fayette. MacKillican, J. A., City Engineer, Escanaba. McNally, Wm., Farmer and Township Highway Commissioner, S. 22, T. 39, R. 18, P- 0. Garden. McPhee, Leo. Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 19, P. O. Fayette.; Macabee, Mois, Farmer, S. 20, T. 40. R. 20, P. O. Ogontz. I Magnuson, Fred, Farmer, S. 11, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Magnusson Bros., Oscar F., Axel E, and Andrew, Farmers, S. 3, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Mailloux, Alexis, Farmer, S. 16, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Major, Ed., Farmer, S. 22, T. 42, R. 23, P. O. Defiance. ZMake, Mike, Farmer, S. 34, T. 43, R 23, P. O. Rock, /mallette, Maxine, Farmer, S. 25, T. 40, R. 24, P. O. Gladstone. Mallrrann, Joseph J., County Tresurer, Escanaba. Maranger, Albert, Farmer aiad Butcher, S. 30, T. 39, R. 23, P. O, Hyde. Marenger, Henry, Farming, Logging, Dealer in Wines, and Liquors, S. 20, T. 40, R. 23, P. O. Gladstone. Marsil, Geo., Real Estate, Loans and Notary Public, Garden. Martell, Z., Farmer, S. 26, T. 40. R. 23, P. O. Gladstone. Marten, Cy, Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 24. P. O. Bark River. Marten, Henry, Farmer, S. 19, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. 3Martin, Henry, Farmer, S. 5, T. 41, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Martin, Mitchell, Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. -Martin, Peter, Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. Martin, T., Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. Martin, Wm., Farmer, S. 9, T. 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. -Mashek, Geo. M. Treasurer Mashek Lumber Co., Escanaba. I Mashek, Lumber Co., Hemlock and Hardwood Lumber, Cedar Shingles, Poles and Posts, Escanaba. PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Mattila, Frank, Farmer, S. 34, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Mattson, Enock, Farmer, S 18, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. H de. Mattson, Jchn, Farmer, S. 2. T. 40, R. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Mattson, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Wells. Mayrand, Ludger, Farmer, S. 30, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Mehr, Joseph, Farmer, S. 15, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Meisler, John C., Farmer, S. 22, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Meloche, Azarie, Farmer, S. 34, T. 39, R. 24 P. O. Schaffer. Mennie, George, Farmer, S. 22, T. 41, R. 24, P. 0. Woodlawn. Mercier, August, Farmer, S. 23, T. 39, R. 19, P. O. Garden. Mercier, Louis, Farmer, S. 36, T. 39. R. 19, P.. Garden. Mercier, Reni, Fisherman, S. 28, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Miller, Geo, Lumberrnian. Lathrop. Miller, James, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Miller, William, Fartner, S. 5, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Lathrop. BMiran, Fred, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Escanaba. Miron, Rock, Farmer and Dealer in General Merchandise, S. 16, T. 40, R. 23, P. O. Gladstone. Moe, Adolph M., Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 23, P. O. Ford River. Molloy, L. L., Farmer, Lathrop. Moore, A. R. & Co., Real Estate, Mortgage Loans and Insurance, Escanaba. Moran, John B., Farmer, S. 12, T. 43, R. 22, P. 0. Osier. Morgan, Anton, Farmer, S. 28, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Morrison, William. Superintendant of Vans Harbor Land & Lumber Co.'s Farm, Isabella. MIoser, E., Farmer, S. 4, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba, North Escanaba Station. Moser, Karl, Farmer, S. 6, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Mulloy, W. A., Farmer, S. 36. T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Murray, John, Farmer. S. 33, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Muther, William J., Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Myer, Peter, Farmer, S. 14, T. 43, R. 22, P. 0. Osier. National- Pole Co-., Dealers in Cedar Poles, Posts, Ties and Forest Products, Escanaba. Nault, Woulbrod, Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Newhall. Nedeau, John, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41. R. 18, P. 0. Isabella. Neff, A. E;.. Dealer in Stoves and Ranges, Shelf and Heavy Hardware, G ildstone. Nelson-, — tti-l, Farmer, S. 1, T. 37, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Nelson, Arthur, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Nelson; Charles, Farmer, S. 6, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Nelson, Ole, Farmer, S. 18, T. 40, R. 20, P. O. Ogontz. Nelson, Peter, Poultry Farm, Breeder of Pure Bred Single Comb White Leghorns, S. 1, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba, 1105 Ludington St. Nelson, Peter, Farmer, S. 3, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Hyde. Nepper, James, Dealer in General Merchandise and Fancy Groceries, Isabella. Nepper & Son, Dealer in General Merchandise and Fancy Groceries, Isabella. Neumann, Carl, Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Neurohr, Joseph, Farmer, Perkins. Niemi, Matt, Farmer, S. 27, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Nilson, Peter, Farmer, S. 13, T. 39, R. 22, P. G. Stonington. Noblet, E., Farmer. S. 18, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Nontell, Joe, Farmer, S. 16, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Norden, Chas, Farmer, S. 34, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Norlund, Oskar, Farmer. S. 27, T. 43, P.. Rock. Norman, Henry, Farmer, S. 21, T 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Norman, John, Farmer, S. 8, T. 43, R. 23. P O. Lathrop. Northup & Northup. Insurance and Real Estate, Escanaba. Northwestern Cooperage & Limber Co., The, Manufacturers of and Dealers in Hardwood Flooring, Veneers, Staves, Hoops, Heading, Lumber, Lath, etc., Gladstone. Nygard, Andrew, Farmer, S. 1, T. 38, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Nyvgard, ()le, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Nygren, Frank V., Farmer, S. 36, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Masonville. Nyquist, Marten, Farmer, S. 3, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Nyquist, Willie, Farmer, S. 3. T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Nystrom, Arthur and John, Farmers, S. 25, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Nystrom, Axel. Farmer, S. 4, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. Nystrom, Charles, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. O'Connor, F. W., Farmer, S. 8, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Nahma. Odess, F. J., Agent for Lightening Conductors, Escanaba, 319 South Birch St. Oja, Matt, Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Gladstone. Okerlund, Alex, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. O'Leary, Miles, Farmer, S 24, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Rapid River. Oliver, D. A., Undertaker, Dealer in Furniture and Carpets, Escanaba. Oliver, Edward C., Real Estate, Investments, Bonds and Insurance, Escanaba. Olmsted, A. J., Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Olmsted, Fred M., Farmer. S. 29, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Olsen, John K., Farmer S. 36, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Olsen, Martin, Farmer, S 8, T. 39, R. 21, P 0. Stonington. Olsen, Olaf M., Farmer and Fisherman, S. 13, T. 38, R. 22, P. O. Stonington. Olson, Daniel, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Olson, Elling, Farmler, S. 27, T. 39, R. 24, P.. Hyde. OlsonI, Frank, Farmer, S. 10, T. 3, R. 24, P.. Bark River. Olson, Gust, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P.. Bark River. Olson, John, Farmter, S. 20, T. 3,. 2, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Olson, John P., Farmer, Gladstone, 1236 Wisconsin St. Olson, Martin, Farmer, S. 3, T 40, R.' 19, P. O. Isabella. Olson, Mrs. Matilda, Farming, S. 22, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Olson, Nels, Farmer, S. 27, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Olson, Ole, Farmer, S. 21, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Olson, Olaf, Farmer, S. 8, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Olson, Peter, Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Shoes, Merchant Tailoring, Escanaba. Olson, Peter, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Olson, Thos., Fartmer and Fisherman. S. 16, T. 40, R. 20, P...Ogontz. Osier, Frank, Agent for Rawleigh Medicine Co., Bark River. Osier, O. J., Farmer, S. 31, T. 43, R. 21, P. 0. Osier. Pagel, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 23. P. 0. Escanaba. Papineau, Homer, Hotel and Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Saint Jacques. Papineau, Isaac, Farmer and Lumberman, S. 5, T. 39, R. 20, P. O. Stonington. Papineau, F. J., Fisherman, S. 23, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Paquette, Jos., Farmer, S. 2u, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Paulson, MIrs. Sigward, Farming, S. 11, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Pearson, John, Farmer, S. 8, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Pease, Frank, Farmer, S. 26, T. 40, R. 23, P.O. Gladsto.ne. Petersen, Peter O., Farmler, S. 12, T. 38, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Pedersen Bros., Farmers and Lumrbermen, S. 21, T. 39, R. 21, P. O. Stonington. Pelon, Louis, Farmer. S. 16, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Peltanen, Frank, Farmer, S. 4, T. 42, R. 23, P. O. Rock. Pepin, George, Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Pepin, John, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 24. P. 0. Hyde. 77 Pepin, Marc, Proprietor Charlotte Street Livery, Escanaba. Perow, Felix, Fartmer, S. 35, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Perron, M., Dealer in Timber, Cedar Ties, Posts, Telegraph Poles and General Merchandise, Escanaba. Petersen, Lars P., Farmter, S. 19, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Favette. Petersen, Andrew, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 23, P. O. Hvde. Peterson, Alfred, Farmer. S. 29, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Peterson, Andrew, Proprietor of South River Bay Summer Resort, S. 23, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Peterson, Chas., Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Peterson, Charles, Farmer, S. 29, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Peterson, Chas. J., Farmer, S 13, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Peterson, Felix, Farmer, S. 19, T. 41, R. 18, P. O. Isabella. Peterson, F. O., Farmer, S. 26, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Escanaba, 216 Maple St. Peterson, Geo., Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Peterson. Gust, Farmer, S. 15, T. 41, R. 24, P. O. Woodlawn. Peterson, J., Farmer, S. 13, T. 40, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Peterson, Peter, Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Peterson, -William O., Farmer and Dealer in General AMerchandise, S. 16, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Bark River. Pettibone, S. A., Farmer, S. 12, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Picard, Joseph, Farmrer, S. 16. T. 24, R. 39, P. O. Schaffer. Pilon, Ed, Farmer, S 30, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. Pilon, Octave, Farmer, S. 36, T. 41, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Pizzalar, Joseph, Farmer, S. 30, T 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Plante, Philip, Farmer, S. 24, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Garden. Plouffe, A., Farmer, S. 29, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Porathe, August, Farmer, S. 7, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Bark River. Porath, Frank, Fartner, S. 7, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Bark River. Posenke, John, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Posenke, Stephan, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Hvde. Potvin, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. 40, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Pracy, Eugene. Farmer, S. 18, T. 42, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Pratt, E. E., Farmer, S. 18, T. 42, R. 21, P. 0. Brampton. Primeau, B. C.. City Engineer, Gladstone. Proehl, Albert, Farmer, S. 17, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Provost, Thomas, Dealer in General Merchandise, Post Office in Connection, Schaffer. Purtill, E. J. & P. T., Farmers, Vans Harbor. Rabideau, Chas., Farmer, S. 11, T. 43, R. 22, P. O. Osier. Rabitaille, Louis, Farmer, S 32, T. 40, R. 23, P.O. Gladstone. Rajale, Wister, Farmer, S. 33, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Rappette, Andrew, Farmer, Trombly, P. O. Defiance. Raymond, Aldrick, Farmer, S. 13, T. 38, R. 20, P. 0. Fayette. Raymond, Oliver, Farmer, S 6, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0. Iyde. Reamer, Edward. Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Reed, Charles, Farmter, S. 8, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Escanaba. Reese, Archie, Farmer, S. 10, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Rehbein, WVm., Farmer and Liveryman, Masonville. Reinholdson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 22, P. 0. Stonington. Reinwand, George, Fa, Farmer. 31, T. 41, R. 18, P. 0. Isabella. Reno, Mrs. Joseph. Farming, S. 35, T. 40, R. 23. P. 0. Gladstone. Reno, M.,-Farmer, S. 23, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Reno, Wm., Farmer, S 26, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Reulin, Mike, Farmer, S. 7, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Rice, Adam, Farmer, S. 19, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Richer, Joseph, Farmer, S. 29, T. 40, R. 23, P. O Gladstone. Richer, Thonlas, Proprietor City Livery Stable, Escanaba. Rivers, Morgan, Farlner, S. 29, T. 40, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Robbins, Fred, Farmer and Township Supervisor, S. 6, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Perkins. Robert, Jovite, Hotel Keeper, S, 29, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Roberts, Gus, Farmer, S. 21, T. 41, R. 21, P. O Rapid River. Roberts, Jacob, Farmer and Dealer in General Merchandise, Cooks. Roberts, R, Farmer, S. 17, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Schaffer. Mr. Roberts served in Company K 118th New York Volunteers and Company U 96th New York Volunteers. Rochefort, Arnie, Jr., Farmer, S. 23, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Romean, O., Farmer, S. 18, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Rood, M., Manufacturer Lumber, Doors and General Line of Building Material, Flour, Feed, etc., Bark River. Rood, Ole, Farmer, Bark River. Rudenberg, Eddie, Farmer, S. 20, T. 40, R. 20, P.. Ogontz. Ruheman, Oskar, Farmer, S. 33, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Rock. Salmi, Victor, Farmer, S,. 3 4,. 4 3,. 23, P. O. Rock. Salminen, Alfred, Farmler, S. 30, T. 41, R. 24, P. (. Woodlawn. Samuelson,, Peter. Farmer, S. 21, T. 23, P.. Bark River. Satterstrom, August, Farmer, S.. 3,. 41, R. 22, P.. Perkins. Satterstrom,, N els, Farer, S. 2, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Sauter, Val., Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. Savage, Louis, Farnler, S. 15, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. Saiyen, Joseph E., Manufacturer of and Dealer in Lumber, MIaple Ridge, P. O. Rock. Sayen, Napoleo.n Far5er, S. 3, T. 42, R. 23, P. O. Rock. Schaawe, H. and John, Farmers and Fishermen, S. 6, T. 40, R. 21, P. O. Gladstone. Scheel, Carl, Farmer, S. 2, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Hvde. Scheenerann, Carl, Farmer, S 19, T. 38, R. 23, P. O. Ford River. Schelander, John. Farmer, Carpenter and Contractor, S. 28, T. 42, R. 22, P. O. Perkins. Schire, Pete, Farmer, S. 0, T. 40, R. 23, P.. Cornell. Schrader, John M., Farmer,. S6, T. 40, R. 24, P. O. Woodlawn. Schultz, Peter, Farmer, Rapid River. Scott, L. E.. Dealer in Flour and Feed, Rapid River. Mr. Scott has servedt as Township Treasurer. Seefeld, Julius, Farmer, S.,. 29, 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Semonsen, Sverdrup, Farmer, 1. 18,. 39, R. 21,.. Stonington. Seguin, Jo e, Farmer, S. 30. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Severinsen, Aug., Postmaster of Newhall and Manager for National Pole Co 's Store, S. 14, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Newhall. Sexton, Theo. H., Farmer, S,. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Seymour, Chas., Farmer, S. 28. T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Schaffer. Shane, Maurice. Farmer, S. 13, T. 40, R 21, P. O Rapid River. Sheedlo, Frank J., Co, Buggies, Wagons, Cutters, Robes, Horse Furnishing Goods, Trunks, etc., Escanaba. Sheffer, J. L, Farmer, S. 29, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Brampton. Short, Ed., Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Shuls, F. R., Fartner, S. 10, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stolington. Sillers, W. H, Jobber in Lumber, Glad-tone. Simon, Peter, Far ner, S. 32, T. 41, R. 20, P. O. Rapid River. Siodin, Elias, Farmer, S. 12, T. 40, R. 24, P. O. Cornell. Skaug Bros, Farmers and Lumbermen, S. 13, T. 38, R. 22, P. O. Stonington. Smedbergt, John, Farmer, S 14, T. 43, R. 23, P. O. Rock. Smith, A. P., Attorney and Dealer in Real Estate, Escanaba. Smith, IH. E., Farmer, S. 33, T. 38, R. 19, P. O. Fayette. Smith, John, Farmer, S. 14, T. 39, R. 23, P. O. Escanaba. Smith Bros.. Arthur and Lynwood Smith, Farmers, S. 23, T. 39, R. 22, P. O Stonington. Snell, fames, Farmer, S. 7, T. 41, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Snell, S. S., Farmer, S. 4, T. 41, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Snow, Chas. H., Farnmer, S. 2, T. 40, R. 19, P. O. Isabella. Snyder, A. M., Manufacturer of Lumber, S. 12, T. 43. R. 22, P. O. Osier. Soderherg, G. E., Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 24, P. O. Escanaba. IM

Page  78 Soderstrom, OFtto, Farmer, S. 3, T. 41, R. 22, P. O Perkins. Sommers, John, Farmer, S. 15, T. 40, R. 19, P. O. Nahma. Sove, Peter, Hotel and Dealer in Soft Drinks, Perkins. Sovey, Clovis, Farmer, S. 28, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Spaulding, A. M., Farmer, S. 32, T. 40, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Spaulding, Leonard, Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Squires, Hiram G., Notary Public and Justice of The Peace, Garden. Mr. Squi es served in Company H 4th U. S. Light Artillery, Mendenhall's Battalion, also U. S. S. Pawnee. St. John, Joe, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 19, P. 0. Garden. Stahl, Rev. W. B., Catholic Priest, Bark River. Stam, H. J., Farmer, S. 1, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Escanaba. Stenberg, Alfred, Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R 24, P. O. Bark River. Stephenson, John, Land and Timber Estimator, Escanaba, 311 Wells Ave. Stone, Chas., Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Stone, Chas., Farnler, S. 7, T. 39, R. 20, P. O. Stonington. Stott, Alex, Farmer, Trombly, P. O. Defiance. Strasser, Herman, Farmer, S. 5, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Stratton, George, Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Stratton, H., Farmer, S. 10, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Strom, Emnil, Farmer, S. 30, T. 40; R. 20, P. 0. Ogontz. Strom & Rushton, (T. E. Strom and H. J. Ruston) Attorneys, Escanaba. Stromquist, Ole, Farmer, S. 22, T. 40. R. 21. P. 0. Rapid River. Sturgeon, Arthur, Farmer, S. 31, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0, Cornell. Summerfield, David, Farmer, S. 21, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Brampton. Sundine, Chas., Farmer and Lumberman, S. 30, T. 41, R. 18, P. O. Isabella. Sundling, Oscar, Farmer, S. 3, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Sundquist, Fred, Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Sundstrom, Carl W., Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 21, P. O. Stonington. Swanson, Andrew, Farmer, S. 14, T. 39, R. 22, P. O. Stonington. Swanson, Gust, Farmer, S. 17, T. 38, R. 24, P.. Bark River. Swanson, Swan, Farmer, S. 7, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Perkins. Swainstonl, Wm., Farmer, S. 21, T. 41, R. 24, P. O. Woodlawn. Tapaninen, Matt, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 24, P. O. Woodlawn. Tappenden, Ed, Farmer, S. 5, T. 43, R. 23, P. 0. Lathrop. Tardieff, Charles, Farmer. S. 2, T. 40, R. 20, P. 0. Saint Jacques. Taylor, A., Farmer, S. 17, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Tebarge, Peter, Farmer, S. 26, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Teinert, Joseph, Farmer, S. 10, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Teinert, Paul, Farmer, S. 3, T. 40, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Temple, Wm. J., Farmer, S. 26, T. 39, P. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Terrien, Fred, Farmer, S. 17, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Terrien, Napoleon, Farmer, S. 20, T. 40. R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Terrien, Paul, Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Schaffer. Thatcher, Chas. M., Real Estate and Insurance, Escanaba. Thibault, Arthur, Farmer, S. 9, T. 39, R. 18, P. O. Garden. PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY Thibault, Alfred and Nelson, Farmers, S. 5, T. 39, R. 18, P. 0. Garden. Thibault, Nelson, Farmer, S. 5, T. 39, R. 18, P.. Garden. Thill, Nicolas, Farmer, S. 9, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. ThommaJ, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Groos. Thompson, J. A., Farmer, S. 32, T. 41, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Thompson, Thom, Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Gladstone. Thompson, Walter W., Lumberman and Dealer in General Merchandise, S. 12, T. 43, R. 22, P. 0. Osier. Thomson, Jas. V., Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Thomson, Wm. E., and Geo. N. McGregor, Farmers, S. 19, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Thorbahn, Roy, Farmer, S. 12, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Thorsen, Martin, Farmer, S. 19, T. 39, R. 21, P. O. Stonington. Thorson, Semer, Farmer, S. 30, T. 3", R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Thurston, Paul, Farmer, S. 18, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Tourangeau, Ted, Farmer, S. 20, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Tracy, T. J., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 18, T. 39, R. 19, P. O. Garden. Trombly, Frank L., Dealer in General Merchandise, Maple Ridge, P. O. Rock. Trombly, N. J., Farmer and Surveyor, Maple Ridge, P. 0. Rock. Trudeau, Amnable, Farmer, S. 30, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Trueblood, Geo., Farmer, S. 29, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Turene, Arthur, Farmer. S. 25, T. 41, R. 19, P. O. Isabella. Tuyls, Frank, Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Tyberg, Gust, Farmer, S. 9, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Utter, Gust, Farmer, S. 5, T. 41, R. 22, P. 0. Perkins. Van Cleve, F. H., General Land Agent, C. & N. W. R. R. Co., Escanaba. Van Enkevort, A., Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Van Enkevort, William, Farmer, S. 25, T. 39, R. 24, P. 0. Hyde. Venet, Ed and Mrs. N., Farmer, S. 36, T. 41, R. 19, P. O. Isabella. Veraghen, George, Farmer, S. 4, T. 40, R. 23, P. O. Cornell. Verheyden, Frank, Farmer, S. 6, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Cornell. Viau, Medard, Farmer, S. 30, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Viau, Oscar J., Farmer, S. 19, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0. Gladstone. Vietzke, Carl, Farmer and Township Highway Commissioner, S. 17, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Vietzke, Friedrich, Farmer, S. 8, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Vietzke, Werner, Farmer, S. 17, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Vietzke, William, Farmer, S. 17, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Voelker, A. -., Depot Agent and Postmaster, Brampton. Von Klotz. John, Cheese Manufacturer, Perkins. Voorhis, Clayton, Real Estate and Loans, Gladstone. Wagner, John, Farmer, S. 8, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. WValimaa, Frank, Farmer, S. 3, T. 42, R. 23, P. O. Rock. Walker, C. H., Dealer in Farm Implements, Hyde. Walstad, Martin and Andrew, Farmers, S. 4, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. EscanabaWatchorn, John, Farmer, S. 21, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Watson, Robert, Farmer, S. 15, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Watson, Wml. V., Farmer, S. 11, T. 38, R. 19, P. 0. Fayette. Weberg, Oscar, Farmer, S. 17, T. 40, R. 20, P. O. Ogontz. Wedell,, Dealer in General Merchandise, Bark River. Wedin, Chas. A., Farmer, S. 3, T. 41, R. 22, P. O0 Perkins. Weissert, Fred A., Farmer, S. 14, T. 38, R. 23, P. 0O Ford River. Wellman, Hiram, Farmer, S. 31, T. 38, R. 23. P. O. Bark River. Mr, WVellrnan served ill Conmpany A 15th Michigan Volunteer Infantry, Wellsteed, Wnl. H., Farmer,.S. 21, T. 41, R. 22, P. O. Brampton. Wenni, Sam, Farmer, S. 31, T. 41, R. 24, P. O. Woodlawn. Wester, Chas., Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 18, P. 0. Isabella. Wester, Frank, Farmer, S. 30, T. 41, R. 18, P. O. Isabella. Wester, John, Farmer, S. 36, T. 41, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Whitney, Mrs. Kate, Farming and Proprietor of Hotel, Perkins. Wicklund, Anton, Farmer, S. 18, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Wickman, Nils, Farmer, S. 4, T. 40, R. 22, P. 0. Gladstone. WTickstrom, Alex, Farmer, S. 24, T. 40, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Wickstrom, Harry, Farmer, S. 28, T. 41, R. 21, P. 0. Rapid River. Willette, Felix, Farmer, S. 12, T. 42, R. 23, P. 0. Defiance. Williams, Clark, Farmer, S. 13, T. 42, R. 22, P. O. Brampton. Williams, Walter F., Farmer, S. 1, T. 37, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Williams, Wm. G., Farmer and Land Looker, S. 1, T. 37, R. 24, P. O0 Bark River. Wilson, Alex, Farmer, S. 8, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Wilson, Henry, Farmer, S. 2, T. 40. R. 24, P. 0. Cornell. Wilsen, Andrew, Farmer, S. 26, T. 39, R. 21, P. 0. Stonington. Wiltsie, Geo., Farmer, S. 29, T. 39, R. 23, P. 0. Hyde. Winter, Chas., Merchant, Garden. WVinter, Chester, Fisherman, Garden. Winter, Herman. Truck Farmer, S. 30, T. 38, R. 19, P.. Fayette. Wittig, Frank, Farmer, S. 12, T. 40, R. 19, P. 0. Isabella. Wnuck, Chas., Farmer, S. 18, T. 41, R. 21, P. O. Rapid River. Wurm, John L., Hotel Keeper, Maple Ridge, P, O. Rock. Yagodzinski, Adam, Farmer, S. 33, T. 38, R. 24, P. 0. Bark River. Yelland, Judd, Attorney at Law and Judge of Probate, Escanaba. Young, Chas. V., Farmer, S. 15, T. 40. R. 22, P. O. Brampton. Young, Joseph, Farmer and Lumilberman, S. 19, T. 40, R. 23, P. 0r Gladstone. Young & Fillion Co., Shoes and Clothing, Escanaba. Youngs, Joseph, Farmer, S. 12, T. 42, R. 22, P. 0. Brampton. Zastrow, Edward, Farmer, S. 6, T. 38, R. 24, P. O. Bark River. Zeglis, Joseph, Farmer, S. 23, T. 41, R. 24, P. 0. Woodlawn.

Page  79 -ae"-b- ---— - c --- 1 I I I 1 I i F:DVERTISING SEGTION! I --- —-I~i- I I I —~11111 --- —— ~ -------- M. L. Forgette Dr. E. L. Foote Theo. Hazen Geo. Marsil Wm. Rehbein DEALER IN Dry Goods, Groceries, Etc. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON HYDE, - - - MICH. GARDEN, - MICH. Mrs.AnnetteDevet Mrs. R. E. Gorham DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE FAYETTE, - MICH. THE Daily Mirror IVAN GEORGE ENGLISH PUBLISHER DEALER IN General Merchandise ENSIGN Postoffice RAPID RIVER, - MICH. August Goodman DEALER IN FARMING LANDS L U M B E R I N ESCANABA, - MICH. RAPID RIVER, - MICH. E. J. Bergman Ole Harstad Bark River Bridge and Culvert Co. BARK RIVER, - MICH. EAU CLAIRE, - WIS. Mrs. Maggie Foy H OTE L ISABELLA, - MICH. Geo. W. Ferner DEALER IN General Merchandise WOODLAWN, - MICH. Victor DeGrand Lumber Manufacturing I9oo TEEDE STREET ESCANABA, - MICH. Publius Gagnon DEALER IN Geoeral Merchandise Postmaster ST. JACQUES, MICH. Frederick Huber Insurance Real Estate and Loans GLADSTONE, - MICH. Frank Holmquist DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE ISABELLA, - MICH. CARPENTER AND BUILDER GARDEN, MICH. Clyde Hayden LAWYER Phone 389 705 Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. John V. Hammarberg Lumber Mar ufacturing ESCANABA, - MICH. Albert Latimer PROPRIETOR OF THE Eighth Street Livery Feed and Sale Stable GLADSTONE, - MICH. Glenn W. Jackson L AWYER GLADSTONE, - MICH. Third Ward Livery KAUFMAN & SON PROPRIETORS Bell Phone 461 816 Ludington St. ESCANABA, - MICH. Real Estate and Loans Notary Public GARDNER, - MICH. Homer Papineau - 0 TEL AND SALOON DEALER IN General Merchandise Postoffice in Connection LIVERY MASONVILLE, - MICH Torval E. Strom Attorney at Law 210 First National Bank Bldg. Phone 769 SCHAFFER, - MICH. OSIER, - - MICH. H. J. RUSHTON Attorney at Law ESCANABA, - MICH. M. ROOD MANUFACTURER Lumber, Doors and General Line of Building Material Manufacturer Flour, Feed, etc. BARK RIVER, - MIICH. Jacob Roberts DEALER IN General Merchandise ST. JACQUES, - MICH. ESCANABA, - MICH. THOS. PROVOST A. M Snyder Clayton Voorhis REAL ESTATE and LOANS GLADSTONE, - MICH. Chas. Winter Merchant Homer L. Fitch LAWYER 209 First National Bank Building ESCANABA, - MICH. Alphonce DeGrand HORTICULTURIST ESCANABA, - MICH. S. BUCHMIAN General Merchandise Furniture and House Furnishings RAPID RIVER, - MIICH. John Carlson Planing Mill, Blacksmith, Wagon Making and General Repairing PERKINS, - MICH. Noe Deloria PROPRIETOR OF GARDEN HOUSE MALUIFACTURBER OF LU BEI2 r GARDEN, - MICIH GARDEN, - MICH. C. H. WALKER H. A. KASTEN DEALER IN Farm Implements Blacksmith HYDE, - - - MICH. COOKS, MIC. HYDE, - - MICH. I I James Hennessey Henry larenger Jovite Robert Cummiskey & Spencer Greenhoot Bros. I -LIVERY GARDEN, - M ICH. Logging Saloon HOTEL KEEPER R. F. D. No. 1 Attorneys=at=Law CLEARY BLOCK Timber and Farming Lands GLADSTONE, - MICH. GLADSTONE, - MICIH. ESCANABA, MICH. ESCANABA, - MICH. ~ BI~I~~~PRBBB~~B s~~r~l~~~-~a~-~-o~~a p~gl~ -- -t --- — ~-, IBII.~-C —LIJ~. ~I-Bi~-( ~~T~~p__~_p~*I~g~. ---l~-p~~ i~~ — ~~ —Y-. ~~ ~~~~~Bi~I

Page  80 I fADVERTISING SEGTION I| I I..,I C. C. Collins, President. Wm. S. Crowve, Vice-Pres. Chas. F. Ewald, Cashier. Escanaba Harness Company THEO. J. SHEEDLO, Proprietor. Manufacturers of High Grade Harness and Strap Work, Wholesale and retail Leather and Shoe Findings, Buggies, Cutters, Wagons, Collars, Sweat Pads, Blankets, Robes, Etc. ESCANABA, - MIC I. J. J. Mallmann, - - President S. M. Johnson, - V-ice-President 0. O. Rollins, - Secretary-Treasurer C- J. Sawyer, - - Manager G. T. XWerline, - - President G.W. Haggerson, Secretary-M'gr. Abs-racei ro erton C PETER J. BLAKE J. P. MlcColl, - - Manager. Delta Title, Land and Loan Co. Abstracts of title to all lands and town lots ill Delta County, agents for the purchase and sale of real estate. Loans and investments made on real estate, farmning lands for sale on easy terms. Taxes paid for non-residents. Phone 449. ESCANABA, - MICHIGAN V. F. Mashek, - - President Albert Heath, Vice-Pres. and Supt. Geo. M. Mashek, - Treasurer Civil Engineers. Surveyors and Draghtsmen. Dealers in Real Estate. Proprietor of Hotel and Saloon Escanaba, - Michigan Hyde, - Michigan Garden State Savings Bank Garden, Michigan DIRECTORS-C. C. Collins, A. S. Putnam. V. I. Hixson, L. Rosenthal, Frank Hartman, Chas. F. Ewald, Wm. S, Crowe. Delta County Reporter W. R. JAEGER, Proprietor. Published Every Thursday. $1.50 per year in advance. LEVI BARBOO Livery Feed and Sale Stable Land and Loan Co. Mashek Lumber Co. F. H. Van Cleve, President. Leslie French. Cashier. C. C. Royce, Vice-Pres. E. G. Royce, Asst. Cashier. THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK ESCANABA, MICHIGAN Established 1887. U. S. Depository. General Banking Capital, Surplus and Individual Profits, $220,000 J. B. Frechette M. B. Harris E. J. Bergman Anna Labre President Vice- Pres. Cashier Ass't.-Cashier THE BARK RIVER STATE BANK BARK RIVER, MICHIGAN Capital, = - $20,000 DIRECTORS-Phil. Labre, Theophile Labre, Joseph H. Boyle, William B. Stahl, Fred Clarimo, John Gasman, Ole Harstad. We Solicit Your Banking and Fire Insurance Business. City Real Estate, Timber Lands, Stump. age, Cut Over and Farming Lands Bought and Sold in Menominee, Marquette, Delta and Alger Counties. 108-110 S. Charlotte Street. Phone 391 Escanaba, Michigan Kratze Bros. Everthing to Wear for Man, Woman and Child Wholesale and Retail. Northwestern Distributors for 'White Oak" Rubbers 608-610-612 and 1008-1010 Ludington, St. Escanaba, Michigan M. Doherty Real Estate, Fire and Plate Glass Insurance Notary Public Stack Block Escanaba, Michigan Northup & Northup Insurance and Real Estate Established 1880. Hemlock and Hardwood Lumber, Cedar Posts, Poles and Shingles. Mills at Gourlev, Mich, and Heath, Mlich. Operating Indian Town Southern Railwav. connecting with C. & N. W. R'y. Escanaba, Michigan J. B. Frechette General Merchandise Hard and Soft Coal Flour, Feed, Grain, Seeds, Hay, Farm Machinery, Gasoline Engifes, Creanl Seperators, Wood and Coal. Bark River, - Mich. Chas. M. Thatcher Real Estate and Insurance Fire, Life, Health, Boiler, Cyclone, Burglary, Rents, Accident, Plate Glass. Employers' Liability, Fidelity and Judicial Bonds, Etc. Bell Phone 25. 710 Ludington St. Escanaba, Michigan L. M. BEGGS Real Estate Fire Insurance I sell dirt and buy ashes. Care of Property. Fire Insurance. Real Estate. Loans. Phone 31. Gladstone, - Mich. Nahma, Michigan.I LIVERY Agent for Lightning Conductors PHIL HUPY Joe Beauchamp JACOB A. GROOS JOHN BICHLER Gladstone, - Michigan Gladstone, - Michigan Dairy Farming. Dealer in Farm Implements. Postmaster of Groos. Stone Quarry and Contractor. Groos, - Michigan GROOS, - MICHIGAN ESCANABA JOURNAL F. L. BALDWIN, Proprietor. Noel Bissonette DEALER IN GROCERIES J. K. Stack, President. M. N. Smith, Cashier. J. C. Kirkpatrick, Vice-Pres, E. J. Noreus, Ass't. Cashier.. THE ESCANABA NATIONAL BANK ESCANAstA, MICHIGAN Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profits, $140,000 DIRECTORS. J. C. Stack, Dr. J. O. Groos, J. J. Cleary, J. C. Kirkpatrick, C. M. Thatcher, M. N. Smith. H. W. Reade, G. T. Stephenson, Geo. Mashek. Escanaba, Michigan ESCANABA, - MICH. IRA COLLINS Geo. Beitzer TIEAMING; DEALER IN GROCERIES Escanaba, Michigan. Gladstone, - - Michigan ESCANABA, - MICH. lEscanaba, Michigan I swsl~sl~le8 I M __s~ ~~~ ~ %1~~~

Page  81 L ~ -I -— BL I I I~ I I I a - fRDVERTISING SECTOION - - - i - - - --- - - - -i- - Hy Cleerman - Pres. and Treas. A. W. Cleerman, Vice-President Hy Cleernlan, - Secretary Cleerman Land and Lumber Co. Manufacturers of Lumber, Posts, Poles, Ties and Piling CORNELL, - MICH. D. A. Oliver DEALER IN Furniture, Carpets, Oil Cloths, Wall Paper, Curtains and Fixtures Picture Framing and Repairing Undertaker and Licensed Embalmer 613.15 Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. B. Casper & Co. General Merchandise Dry Goods, Clothing, Furnishings, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes and Notions Careful Attention Given to Mail Orders. Special Orders Taken for Custom Made Suits Telephone No. 12 GARDEN, - MICH. Henry Deloria General Merchandise and Dry Goods Meat Market in Connection W. R. Smith, - - President R. E. MacLean, - Vice-President W. W. Oliver, - - Treasurer Delta Hardware Company WHOLESALE 402-404-406-408 Ludington St. ESCANABA, - MICH. Escanaba Granite and Marble Works (NOT INCORPORATED) CHEEVER BUCKBEE, Proprietor Real Estate, Farm and Timber Lands Telephone 190 721 Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. THE Fair Savings Bank GENERAL MERCHANDISE WHOLESALE and RETAIL New York Office -Cable Building ESCANABA, - MICH. Chas.AGunderson FARM IMPLEMENTS McCormick Harvesting Machinery, Creatm Separators, Wagons, Buggies, Gasoline Engines, Wind Mills, Full Line of Repairs 1314 Ludington Street Mose Kurz Max Kurz KURZ BROTHERS HORSES AND REAL ESTATE Farm Lands a Specialty BRANCHsES-Iron Mountain, Ishpeming, Marquette, Manistique, Iron River, Crystal Falls. Chicago Office, Rector Bldg. ESCANABA, - MICH. Medrick LaBresh CONTRACTOR and JOBBER DEALER IN ALa KINDS O' Farming and Timber Lands Phil Labre DEALER IN' White Cedar Posts, Ties, Poles, Shingles and Cordwood Hardware, Implements and General Merchandise BARK RIVER, - MICH. R. W. Coolman, - Pres. and Treas. Geo. F. McEwen, Vice-Pres. and Sec. Delta Printing Company Exclusive Job Prirters and Office Outfitters PERKINS, - MICH. ESCANABA. MICH. GARDEN, MICH. ESCANABA, - MICH. Theonhile Duford Carl P. Gunderson Hessel's Sale Stable Heavy Draft and Driving Horses Sleighs, Buggies, Wagons, Harness, Etc. Office Phone - - 721J Residence Phone, - 386L1 507 LUDINGTON ST. ESCANABA, - MICH. Haring's Livery JOHN HARING, Proprietor Wedding Turn-outs, Funerals, and Parties Calls promptly attended to Day or Night Bell Phone 74 228 Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. Nick Walch, - - President Tames Drush, - Vice-President John N. Semier, - - Secretary Emmanuel Olson, - Treasurer Escanaba Brewing Co. Orders Promptly Filled Phone 121 ESCANABA, - MICH. Illinois Northwest Colonization Co. We have 50,000 acres of CHOICE FARMING LANDS In Delta and Schoolcraft Counties, Michigan 908 Tacoma Bldg. CHICAGO, - ILLINOIS West End Livery T. W. MCDONOUGH, Proprietor Wedding Turnouts, Parties and Funerals Calls promptly attended to Day or Night Bell Phone 42 1304 Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. A. R. Moore & Co. Insurance, Fire Accident and Life City and Suburban Real Estate Mortgage Loans Timber Lands and Stumpage, Mineral Lands, Etc. ESCANABA, - MICH. THE Northwestern Cooperage and Lumber Co. Manufacturers and Dealers in Hardwood Flooring, Veneers, Staves, Hoops, Heading, Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Posts, Poles and Ties Mills at Gladstone, Mich., and Escanaba, Mich. GLADSTONE, - MICH. Nepper & Son DEALERS IN General Merchandise and Fancy Groceries ISABELLA, - MICH. Webster L. Marble, - President William A. Foss, - - Cashier Floyd W. Marble, - Ass't Cashier Exchange Bank Established 1888 GLADSTONE, - MICH. A. E. Neff The Store that Saves You Money Stoves and Ranges-Shelf and Heavy Hardware Tinware, Fishing Tackle and Sporting Goods Wall Paper, Paints, Oils, Varnishes and Brushes Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings GLADSTONE, - MICH. M. Perron DEALER IN Timber, Cedar Ties, Posts, Telegraph Poles AND fENERAL MERCHANDISE ESCANABA, - MICH. Charlotte Street, Livery MARC PEPIN, Propristor Funeral Turnouts a Specialty Night Calls promptly attended to Rigs of All Kinds Automobile Service Phone 282 ESCANABA, - MICH. Peter Olson Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Shoes 0. N. Hughitt, - - President H. J. Hughitt, - Vice-President F. J. Hamacher, - Sec. and Treas. Escanaba Hardware Company WHOLESALE and RETAIL I oi and 1103 Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. City Livery Stable THOMAS RICHER, Proprietor Wedding Turnouts, Funerals and Parties Calls promptly attended to Day or Night Phone 41 I II Ludington Street ESCANABA, - MICH. Hiram G. Squires Notary Public Justice of the Peace Conveyancing and Collections Sick Benefit and Accident Insurance Special Attention to Practice in Justice Courts GARDEN, - MICH. Frank J. Sheedlo & Co. F. X. FONTAINE, Manager Buggies, Wagons, Cutters, Robes Horse Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Bags and Suit Cases, Etc. Repairing a Specialty WHOLESALE AND RETAIL ESCANABA, - MICH. Young and Fillion Company. I - -_ - -- - I DEALER IN General Merchandise and Farming Implements SCHAFFER, - MICH. JOHN DARROW DEALER IN General Merchandise, Flour Feed, Hay and Oats Real Estate and Timber Lands Special Attention Given to Camp Orders-Full Line of Men's and Boys' Clothing RAPID RIVER, - MICH. Real Estate Bonds Investments Insurance Upper Peninsula Michigan Farm Lands Michigan Improved Farms Suite 208 First National Bank Bldg. Phone 443 ESCANABA, - MIC"H. Joseph Gibbs & Sons DEALERS IN General Merchandise and Forest Products Freight and Exp ess Office, Brampton, Mich. PERKINS. - MICH. Exclusive Shoes Merchant Tailoring 918 dington Street Exclusive Clothing 920 Ludington Street 11og LUDINGTON STREET ESCANABA, - MICH. Edward C. Oliver Real Estate B o n d s Investments Insurance First National Bank Building Phone 9-J ESCANABA, - MICH. ESCANABA, - MICH. The Bark River Cash Mercantile Co. DEALERS IN General Merchandise Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Meats and Groceries BARK RIVER, - MICH. — sa I-P- — I I aYP-~ —B 8188~eWiIe~~~~~~~~~~~~~~I I --- —-- is

Page  82

Page  83 PAGE 83,ILLU3TF'XTION OVID M. COTA. M. E. IVERSEN, BRAMPTON, MICH. JUDD VELLAND, J. S. MILLS, Judge of Probte. GARDCN, MICH. ESCANABA, 111CH D. A. BROTHERTON, ESCANABA. MICH. CITY HALL, ESCANABA, HICH. HIGH SCHOOL, ESCANABA, MICET. l.-IudingtCii Street. 2.-Public Baih 1, Houte t City Park. 3.- The Ludington Hotel. 4. -U. S. Post Office, Escanaba, Mich. A. R. AOORE, ERIK LINDSTROM, ESCANABA, MICH. ISABNLLI, MICH. PHOTOGRAPH PROM ED. VIGGO JOHNSON, LINOSTRR I.CAIRRIC1 I,ARK RIVER, MICH. ISABELLA, AlICII PETER MYER, OSInR, MICHI. PLANT OF I. STEPHENSON CO., WELLS, MICH. C. & N. W. R. R. SHOPS, SCENE AT POWER DAM, ESCANABA, MICH. ESCANABA, ICR. MSCANABA MANUFACTURING CO. ESCAN~ABA, MICH.

Page  84

Page  85 PAGE 8IL *A ILL USTRfTION8 ~ MR. AND MRS. EVANGELISTE FILLION, SCHAFFER, MICEI. PHOTOGRAPH FROM ANNA McDONALD, FAYETTE, MICH. ERICK ANDERSON, BARK RIVER, MIICH. PHOTOGRAPH FROM ANNA McDONALD, FAYTTTE, MICH. MR. AND MRS. LOUIS DUBY, GCLA-DSTO N E,- if-e.; —. MR. AND MRS. M. BERNTSEN, PHOTOGRAPH FROM MIOSE L.SHANC, ST. JACQUES, MICH. LASHANCE, PERKINS, MICH. CHAS. RABIDEAU. OSIER MICH. MR. AND MRS. FRED L. BUSH, PERKIN-S, MICH. MR. AND MRS. HERMAN JOHNSON, ROCK. MICH. S J. HANSEN. RAPID RIVER, MIICH. MR. AND MRS. JOS. YOUNGS, BRAMFPTON, MICH. JOSEPH ZEGLIS AND FAMILY, WOODLAWN, MICH. MR. AND MRS. FRANK KLOTZ, PERKINS, MICH. MR. AND MRS. ANDREW DAHL, BARK RIVER, MICH. DAMAS BEAUVAIS AND FAMILY GROUP, ESCANABA, MICH. JOHN WESTER AND FAMILY GROUP, ISABELLA, MICH. PHOTOGRAPH FROM ERICK ANDERSON BARK RIVER, MICH. MR. AND MRS. CHAS. REED, ESCANABA, MICH.

Page  86

Page  87 PAGE 87,<* ILLU3TRRTION8 * HARVEY AND ALONZO SPAULDING, GARDEN, MICH. HARVEY F. BOPRIE, ROY SPAULDING, PlIRKINSH MICH.....- GARDEN, MICH. RUFUS SPAULDING. LEN SPAULDING, GARDEN, MIClt. GARDEN, MICH. WILLIAM LYNAUGH. CARL ESTENSON. WM. MCNALLY, GARDEN, MICH. JULIUS DIETEL, REGIS BEAUCHAMP, PERKINS, MICH. GLADSTONE. MICH. JAMES ADAMS, GARDEN. MICH. CHAS. P. GLOVER, STONINGTON, MICH. M3. S. KLOTZ, PERKrNS, MICH. ANDREW BUHLER. RAPID RIVER, MICH. FRED FOURNIER, OSIER, MICH. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, USCANABA, MICH. ESCANABA EXTRACT CO., ESCANABA, MICH. SCENE AT GOULEY'S HARBOR, GARDEN, MICH. STORE OF J. B. FRECHETTE, BARK RIVER, MICH.

Page  88

Page  89 PAGE 89 *i LLUSTRF0TIONS * PHOTOGRAPH FROM OCTAVE CHOUINAR D, NEWHALL, MICII. MR. AND MRS. 0. A. JOHNSON. PHOTOGRAPH FROM MARTIAL LAFLEUR, CORNELL, MITCH. PHOTOGRAPH FROM JOS. GAMACHE, STONINGTON, MICH. SCENE IN TOMATO PATCH, Photograph from Hermqn Winter FAYETTE, MICH. PHOTOGRAPH FROM MRS. NICK JAEGER, FORD RIVER, MICHI. B. CASPER & CO., RESIDENCE OF FRED SUNDOUIST, GARDE3N, mrCri. BARK RIVER, MICH. CHILDREN AND GRAND CHIILDRFN OF P. R. EAGLE, BRAMPTON. ICIIf. GARDEN HOUSE, GARDEN, M.ICH. RESIDENCE OF FREDERICK MAGNUSON, EA'GLE-HOTEL, — ISABELELA, MICIIH. H. Lancour, Proprietor, PERKINS, MICH. RESIDENCE OF FRED KROUTH, PERKINS, MICH. RESIDENCE OF JOHiN (jUlSTAIObN, PERKINS, MICH. RESIDENCE OF OSCAR ROMEAN, BARK RIVER, MICH. SCENE ON FARM OF SOL LA FAVE, SCENE ON FARM OF DAVID DUBEY, GARDEN, MICH. FAYETTE, MICH. HOME OF JOHN GIERKE, FAYETTEI, MICH.

Page  90

Page  91 I I I I IO PAGE 91 ILLUSTRfxTIONS AIt ---- RESIDENCE OF JOHN HEIM, BARK RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF JOHN LAMBERG, GLADSTONE, MICH. RESIDENCE OF EVANGELISTE FILLION, SCHAFFER, MTCH. RESIDENCE OF GEO. FUHRIMANN, RAPID RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF HERMAN JOHNSON, ROCK, MICH. RESIDENCE OF S. M. MATTHEWS, ESCANABA, MICH. RESIDENCE OF AND. ANDERSON, BARK RIVER, MICHI. RESIDENCE OF CHAS. D. HAKES, BARK RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF ERNEST COMINESS, RAPID RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF HENRY DAHLIN, BARK RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF CHAS. NYSTROM, BARK RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF CHAS. J. PETERSON, STONINGTON, MICH. RESIDENCE OF P. A. JOHNSON, GLADSTONE, MICH. HOME OF JOHN LUNZMAN, RAPID RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF JENS M. LARSEN, BSCANABA, MICH. HOME OF FREDRICH VIETZKE, RAPID RIVER, MICEH. RESIDENCE AND BARN OF NOEL BRIERE, BARK RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF ROBERT GIESE, BARK RIVER, MICH. HOME OF JAMES BERGEON, FORD RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE AND FARM BUILD- RESIDENCE AND POTATO INGS OF EUGENE DAIGNEAULT FIELD OF JOHN GASMAN, SCHAFFR, MICH. BARK RIVER, MICH.

Page  92

Page  93 PAGE 93 ILLU8TR f TION8. RESIDENCE OF MARTIN THORSEN, STONIIGTON, MICH. RESIDENCE OF NELSON THIBAULT, GARDEN, MICH. RESIDENCE OF FRED A. WEISSERT, FORD RIVER, MICH. RESIDENCE OF AXEL JOHNSON, STONINGTON, MICH. HOME OF JOHN P. JOHNSON. RESIDENCE OF EDWARD MAJOR, DEFIANCE, MICH. RESIDENCE OF LOUIS DUVALI OSIER, MICH. RESIDENCE AND SCENES ON FARM OF GEO. N. McGREGOR, FAYETTE, MICH. RESIDENCE. BARN AND MILL, Photograph from August Froberg, RAPID RIVER, MICH. PHOTOGRAPH FROM GEO. J. LUSARDI, DEFIANCE, MICHI. RESIDENCE OF H. L. HUTCHINS, GARDEN, MICH. PHOTOGRAPH FROM PETER NELSON, ESCANABA, MIICH. RESIDENCE OF ALEX DICKSON, BARK RIVER, MICH. STACKING HAY IN FAIRBANKS TOWNSHIP, Photograph from H. Dalgard and Leo McPhee, FAYETTE, MICH. RESIDENCE OF ALBERT BOILEAU, RESIDENCE OF PETER JOHNSON, RESIDENCE OF MARY P. GOULEY, SCENES ON FARM OF CARL JOHNSON RESIDENCE OF C. C BESETT, BARK RIVER, MICH. STONINGTON, MICH. GARDBN. MICH. ESCANABA, MICH. ISABELA, MICH.

Page  94

Page  I I v 1013 1 -11 r_-_ r_% 9-1 -V- 17V -11ff r-_ 9-1. v -rr WI r% #__ I v r = *L a — Ins 1 1l - 1, I D IJ L 1 IJ I IK SUPPLEMENT I. ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF United States Land Surveys METES AND BOUNDS DI.A AGRAMN4-l ' g TP to the time of the Revolutionary War, or until about the beginning of the present century, land, when parcelled out, and sold or granted, was described by "Metes and Bounds," and that system is still in existence in the following States, or in i 'o f those portions of them which had been sold or granted when the present plan of surveys was adopted, viz.: New York, | s: Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas,- - t and the six New England States. To describe land by "Metes and Bounds," is to have a known land-mark for a place of beginning, '"%r%>lI,... ^......-g and then follow a line according to the compass-needle (or magnetic bearing), or the course of a stream, or track of an ancient high- t way. This plan has resulted in endless confusion and litigation, as land-marks decay and change, and it is a well-known fact that \\ fiT 7~~zs ', A the compass-needle varies and does not always point due North. ~: \\I As an example of this plan of dividing lands, the following description of a farm laid out by " Metes and Bounds," is given: \9 "Beginning at a stone on the Bank of Doe River, at a point where the highway from A. to B. crosses said river (see point marked C. \\ O on Diagram 1); thence 40' North of West 100 rods to a large stump; thence 10~ North of West 90 rods; thence 15~ West of North 80 - F.O.5AA'ATIoS rods to an oak tree (see Witness Tree on Diagram 1); thence due East 150 rods to the highway; thence following the course of the. 5 highway 50 rods due North; thence 5~ North of East 90 rods; thence 45~ East of South 60 rods; thence 10~ North of East 200 rods - to the Doe River; thence following the course of the river Southwesterly to the place of beginning." This, which is a very simple ' --! and moderate description by " Metes and Bounds," would leave the boundaries of the farm as shown in Diagram 1.^. MERIDIANS AND BASE LINES = DIAGRAM 2 THE present system of Governmental Land Surveys was adopted by Coegress on the distinguished. Each Meridian and Base Line is marked with its proper number or name. the Principal Meridians, which run North and South, and the Base Lines which run ' line running East and West (marked B. B.) is the Base Line. These lines are used as East and West These Principal Meridians are established, with great accuracy. Each the starting points or basis of all measurements or surveys made in territory controlled Diagram 2 shows all of the Principal Meridians and Base Lines in the United States, lines are run North and South, parallel to the Meridian. This plan is followed both I I Entered A.cordine to Act of Conoaess. in the year 1909, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.. in the office of the Librarian of Congess at Washington D. C. '

Page  II SUPPLEMENT II. UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS _ _______m______s____l__ _ II __ _____ I -- I tihese lines are termed "Rlange Lines." They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, es Each division is called a Range. Ranges are numbered from one upward, comma cing at the M characters. For instance, the first division (or first six miles) west of the Meridian is Range I. West IV., V., VI., VII., and so on, until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian is reached. are numbered, the words East or West being always used to indicate the direction from the Principal Commencing at the Base Line, at intervals of six miles, lines are run East and West parallel with Lines. They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending East and West, paralle North and South of the Base Line until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian and BaE numbered from one upward, both North and South of the Base Line, and their numbers are indicated 'North of the Base Line is Township 1 North; the next is Township 2 North; then comes Township 3 followed South of the Base Line; the Townships being designated as Township 1 South, Township 2 E initials N. or S. being generally used) indicates the direction from the Base Line. See Diagram 3. These Township and Range Lines, crossing each other, as shown in Diagram 3, form squares, which which are six miles square, or as nearly that as it is possible to make them. These Townships are a ve of land. The location of a Government Township, however, is very readily found when the numb counting the number indicated from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. As an example of this, T. Meridian, is at once located on the square marked * on Diagram 3, by counting eight tiers north of t ____mYI______U__a____ _ q_ 11_ TOWNSHIPS OF LAND. I DIAGICR OWNSHIPS are the largest sub- _- li " id division.s of land run out by the I-a A. _-_____. United States Surveyors. In the — L -- Governmental Surveys Township 7 Lines are the first to be run, and a Township 4 Corner is established every six miles and 7 marked. This is called "Townshipping." a After the Township Corners have been care-. o R. fullylocated,the Section and Quarter Section Corners are established. Each Township is a six miles square and contains 23,040 acres, aor 36 square miles, as near as it is possible IS R, to make them. This, however, is fre — - l- i quently made impossible by; (1st) the pres- | i ence of lakes and large streams; '2nd) by - State boundaries not falling exactly on 90 s. Township Lines; (3rd) by the convergence of Meridians or cursvature oi the earth's surface; and (4th) by inaccurate surveys. I Each Township, unless it is one of the 9e R. exceptional cases referred to, is divided A, 18 7 1e into 36 squares, which are called Sections. p8 R. These Sections are intended to be one 1 mile, or 320 rods, square and contain 640 ___ acres of land. SectionF are numbered -as j consecutively from 1 to 36, as shown on Io8 R.. Diagram 4. Beginning with Section 1 in ~ — j the Northeast Corner, they run West to o s. 20 - 6, then East to 12, then West to 18, and ~ -- 20. so on, back and forth, until they end with 13.4 R. I Section 36 in the Southeast Corner. A.-69 — Dia,gran 4 shows a. plat of a Township. __ __ _ R_.!s it is divided and platted by the govern-...... ment surveyors. These Townships are 119.2 called Government Townships or Congres- a61 sitoal Townships, to distinguish them from I2. '. R -30 2' 8 Civil Townships or organized Townships, 63 as frequently the lines of organized Town- s 126 R. ship? do not conform to the Government _ A Towv.ship lines. -__ R. I SECTIONS OF LAND. _ -33 2 R.23s 32 33 TAGRAM 5 illustrates how a section ae R. may be subdivided, although the Diagram only gives a few of the f43 __ R._ many subdivisions into which a section may be divided. All Sections (except fractional Sections) are supposed to be 320 rods, or one mile, square and therefore contain 640 acres-a number easily divisible. Sections are subdivided into fractional parts to suit the convenience of the owners of the land. A half-section contains 320 acres; a quarter-section contains 160 acres; half of a quarter contains 80 acres, and quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, and so on. Each piece of land is described according to the portion of the section which it embraces-as the Northeast quarter of Section 10; or the Southeast quarter of the Southeast quarter of Section 10. Diagram 5 shows how many of these subdivisions are platted, and also shows the plan of designating and describing them by initial letters as each parcel of land on the Diagram is marked with its description. As has already been stated, all Sections (except Fractional Sections which are explained elsewhere) are supposed to contain 640 acres, and even though mistakes have been made in surveying, as is frequently the case, making sections larger or smaller than 640 acres, the Government recognizes no variation, but sells or grants each regular section as containing 640 acres "more or less." The Government Surveyors are not required to subdivide sections by running lines within them, but they usually establish Quarter Posts on Section Lines on each side of a section at the n)oints marked A. B. C. and D. on Diagram 5. After establishing Township corners, Section Lines are the next to be run, and section corners are established. When these are carefully DIAGRAMI 5. located the Quarter Posts are located at points as nearly equidistant between Section Corners as possible. These corners when established by Government Surveyors cannot be changed, even though it is conclusively shown that mistakes have been made which cause some sections or co N. E. 1/4 quarter sections to be either larger or smaller a: than others. The laws, however, of all the O States provide certain rules for local surveyors ~ to follow in dividing Sections into smaller 6 A. parcels of land than has been outlined in the VA 1 -- Governmental surveys. For instance, in dividCO ing a quarter section into two parcels, the dis0 N. 1/2 of S. E. 1/4 ance between the Government Corners is carefully measured and the new post is located at a 80 A. point equidistant between them. This plan is N. ofw s.. followed in running out "eighties," "forties," ofs.E., S. E.' / "twenties," etc. In this way, if the Govern(2I' A.) of S. E.Y/ ment division overruns or falls short, each A.%f s.. 4 portion gains or loses its proportion. This is (20________ A.) 40 A. not the case, however, with Fractional Sections SUTBDIVIDI1TTG A SECTION. along the North or West sides of a Township, S A Cor adjoining a lake or large stream. 3A. IL 11. 27 TWA. 2 v to 12 FRACTIONAL PIECES OF LAND. #411prONGRESSIONAL Townships var considerably as to size and boundaries. 'Mistakes made in surveying and the fact that Meridians converge as they run North cause every Township to vary more or less f rom the 23'040 acres which a perfect Township would contain. See Diagram 4. In arranging a Township into Sections all the surplus or deficiency of land is given to, or taken from' the -North and West tiers f Sections. In other, words, all Sections incthe Township are made fulla 640 acres-except those on the North and 9-3 t424 West, which are given all the land that is 2. J,;! q? lef t after forming tlie other 25 Sections. ' iL t.rr=:En Diagram 4 illustrates bow the surplus or i_4, VL deficlency is distributed and the Sections it :aects. It will be seen that Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 18, 19, 30 and 31, are the 11 Fractional Sections," or the Sections which are affected if the Township overruns 27 2 25 or falls short. Inside of these Fractional Sections, all of the surplus or deficiency of land (over or under 640 acres) is carried to the 11 f orties " or 11 eighties " that touch the 'P11_-.11;- Tl;-. 'PT.." _i-. _f I.."I - -tending North and South, parallel with the Meridian. leridian; and their numbers are indicated by Roman DIAGRAM S;the next is Range II. West; then comes Range III.,, ARAM a In the same manner the Ranges East of the Meridian 8 r r Meridian. See Diagram 3. the Base L me. These are designated as Township 1 with the Base Line. This plan is followed both se Line is reached. These divisions or Townships are u by figures. For instance: The first six mile division 3, 4, 5, and 6, North, and so on. The same plan is - South, and so on. The " North" or " South" (the o a are called "Townships" or " Government Townships," ery important feature in locating or describing a piece A )er of the Township and Range is given, by merely ownship 8 North, Range 4, West of the 5th Principal -;he Base Line and 4 tiers west of the Meridian. LM 4. e V~ t 12 FRACTIONAL PIECES OF LAND. 1^ I ONGRESSIONAL Townships vary ^ 7 _ _ considerably as to size and boundaries. Mistakes made in surveying and the fact that Meridians converge as they run North cause every Township to vary 6 A 14 19 more or less from the 23,040 acres which a perfect Township would contain. See Diagram 4. In arranging a Township into Sections all the surplus or deficiency of land _. — _ _ is given to, or taken from, the North and ) West tiers of Sections. In other words, all t l Sections in the Township are made fullat t 640 acres-except those on the North and 22 23 a t 24 West, which are given all the land that is 4. # I left after forming the other 25 Sections. TIMBEB Diagram 4 illustrates how the surplus or I,% _ XI I deficiency is distributed and the Sections it ff2ects. It will be seen that Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 18, 19, 30 and 31, are the m% "Fractional Sections," or the Sections which are affected if the Township overruns 27 28 2 or falls short. Inside of these Fractional Sections, all of the surplus or deficiency of land (over or under 640 acres) is carried to the "forties" or "eighties" that touch the Township Line. These pieces of land are called "Fractional Forties" or "Fractional I [ I Eighties," as the case may be. Diagrams 4 4 35 and 6 show the manner of marking the I S_ 3i J 15 acreage and outlining the boundaries of these "Fractions." - Diagram 6 illustrates how the surplus or __ _ _ deficiency of land inside of these Sections is distributed and which "forties"or "eighties" it affects. From this arrangement it will be seen that in any Section that touches the North or West Township Lines, the Southeast Quarter may be full —160 acres-while another quarter of the same Section may be much larger or small r. Frequently these fractional "forties" or "eighties" are lotted as shown in Diagram 6. They are always described as fractional tracts of land, as the "fractional S.W. i of Section 6," etc. Of course those portions of these Sections which are not affected by these variations are described in the usual manner-as Southeast of Section 6. As a rule Townships are narrower at the North than at the South side. The Meridians of Longitude (which run North and South) converge as they run North and South from the Equator. They begin at the Equator with a definite width between them and graduallyconverge until they all meet at the poles. Now, as the Range linesare run North and South, it will at once be seen that the convergence of Meridians will cause every Congressional Township (North of the Equator) to be narrower at its North than at its South side, as stated. See Diagram 4. In addition to this fact, mistakes of measurement are constantly and almost unavoidably made in running both Township and Range lines, and if no new starting points were established the lines would DIAGRAX 6. become confused and unreliable, and, a. the size and shape of Townships LOT 4. LOT 3. ~or a. | OT 1. materially affected by the time the surveys had extended even a hundred 45 42.5 1 40.5 miles from the Base Line and Princi- 235 ACRES ACRES ACRES pal Meridian. In order to correct the surveys and variations caused 53 a.. ____ by the difference of latitude and LOT. straighten the lines, "Correction Lines" (or Guide Meridians and I0 AC 80 ACRES. Standard Parallels) are established at 1 ACRES. frequent intervals, usually asfollows: / North of the Base Line a Correction 58 R. 1 80 Ro. - Line is run East and West parallel IOT 6. 160 Rods. with the Base Line, usually every twenty-four miles. South of the | /32 AC. Base Line aCorrection Line isusually C t established every thirty miles. Both 64 R. 160 ACRES. East and West of the Principal LOT 7. < Meridian "Correction Lines" are 0 usually established every 48 miles. 1 37 AC. tO All Correction Lines are located by 160 R careful measurement, and the suc- 74 R. 80 Rods. 160 Rods. ceeding surveys are based upon PLAT OF A FRACTIONAL SECTIONT. them. IN distribut;dandwhich'Iforties"or"eighties" ., __-_ I I - -- --- —--I- -— ' Entered According to Act of Congress, in the year 1909, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co., in the office of the Librarian of Congress, Washington, D. C.

Page  III SU PPLEM ENTU-... LI i ~1 D I c EST OF T HE SS -rM O F-F C I v\/IL GO\/ ER FRN M E N mT - - - ___ - - - - - - - - I DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT WITH A REVIEW OF THE Duties and Powers of the Principal Officials Connected with the Various Branches of National, State, County and Township Government. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT T HE GOVERNMENT of the United States is one of limited h an d specific powers, strictly outlined and defined bThey a written ttIthas bettet tee atetimly thesed pagth tho etpaneactytti hee dtptttettenth Pconstitution. Th e constitution was adopted il p178, andt, with - votthe amendments that have since been made, it forms the ba si of the entire fabric of government under which we live. The consteditution create d three distinct branc thes of government, each ofte wh ich is entirely separate and distinct f rom the othetrs. They are the executtive' legislative ancd judicial d epartments. The constitution spehcifically-vests the executive power in the President, but all t memberse of the cabinet are usually classed weith the executive department the then and vdoet fotPeidntad Vice-prtdettceiectdb petificateets, beetic thlegisative power is held by Congress, and the judicialte a uthority is vested in the Supremee Court and various other courts which Congress t has provided for in pursuance of the provisions of the constitution. It has been the aim of these pages to explain each of these different bran thes of government, and to briefly review the duties and powers thebirdst eti the eiecite St ttets ttrd at thuorutm.c Stt of the principal officials connected with each department. The President iand Vie-President eare elected by popular evoeite, but the vote of each State is separate, so that a candidate may have a large majority of the aggregate popular vote of the country and yet fail to be elected. The ee the ential election is held onee the first Tuesdayt after the first Monday in November, when President ia electors are chosen in ande forh the various Sta tes, eah State having as many electors as it has representatives in both branches tf Congress. The electors are chosen by the ballots of the peoplte of their State s, and all the electors of a Statee constitute an electoral college. The electors meet in each State at the capital ont the f irst Wednesday in December following a National election and vote for President and Vice-President, certificates of which are etforwarded toi the President of the Senate, at Washington, who, on the second Wednesday in February opens the certifi ca tes and counts the votes in the presence of both Houses of Congress and declares the result; and the final step is the inauguration, which takes place on the 4th of March. The law provides that if neither of the candidates have a majority then the House of Representatives shall elect a President from the three candidates receiving the highest electoral vote. In elections of this kind each State is entitled to only 'one vote, and twothirds of the States form' a quorum. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. The Presidenet is the highest executetive officer of the United States. He'is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $75,000d pert annum. He tmust be thirty-feive yetars oltd eor more, and a nativeborn cTeitizeni of the United States. The President is chtarged with a general supervision over the faithful execution teof laws passed by Congress, tand has supervision over all executivthe departments of the government. He appoints a Cabinet of nine officials who become the heads of the eevarious departments, and these departments are intended tot be managed and condutcted as the President directse. The President is Commanederin-Chief of the Army and Navy. He has power tt o grant pardons and reprieves for all otffetnses against the United Staetes, except in cases of imtpeachmtent; has power, with the advice and consent of the Senate, to makTe treatiets. He nominateis, and with the advise and consent of tthe Senate, appoints Ambassadors and other public Ministers and Ctonstuls, all Jutdges of the United States courts, eand all other executive officers of the United States, except in such cases where the appointments may be vested in the various "departments." ohen the Senate is rot int session he can appoint, suebject to its action when it reassembles. He hast power, in certain extraordinary occasionse, to catll together both THouses of Congress, or either of them, in extra sessione; and is required frote time to time to communicate with Congress, as to the state of the Union, and offer such suggestions or recommendations as he may deem proper. He is etmpowered to approve eor veto all measures adopted by Congress, but it is provided that any measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of Congress. The -President consults frequently with his Cabinet, and nearly all important official matters are discussed by that body. In case the office of President becomes vacant through the death, removal or resignation of the incumbent, the law provides that the office shall in turn be filled by the Vice-President, Secretary of State, and other Cabintet Ministers in regular order. VICE PRESIDENT. The Vice-President of the United States is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $12,000. In case of the death, removal or resignation of the President, the Vice-President succeeds hit. The chief duty of the Vice-President is to act as the presiding officer of the Senate. He has no vote in the Senate, except in case of a tie, or an equal division of the members of that body. The VicePresident administers the oath of office to the Senators. STATE DEPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of State, who is appointed by the President as a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,000 per year. The law provides that in case the office of President becomes vacant, through the death, removal or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the Secretary of State assumes the duties of the Presidency. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official Secretary of the President, and countersigns all commissions issued by the President.,4i The Secretary of State is the head of the Department of State and is 'the chief diplomatic officer of the United States. In his department and tinder his supervision is conducted the public business relating to foreign affairs; to correspondence, commissions or instructions to or with public Ministers firom the United States; or to negotiations with Ministers from foreign States; or to memorials or other applications froit foreigners, or foreign public Ministers, or citizens of this country in foreign lands, or complications arising therefrom. The Secretary of State also has charge of all other business connected with foreign affairs, extradition matters and diplomatic officers; furnishing passports to vessels going to foreign countries, etc., and has charge of the Great Seal of the United Statese Connected with the Department of State and forming a part of it in the great work of performing and caring for- the duties outlined are the following bureauste The Diplomatic Bureau, which looks after the affairs pertaining to foreign governments. The Consular Bureau, correspondence twith consulates. The Bureau of Indexes and Archives, the duties of which are to open tee official mails, prepare an abstract of the daily correspondence and an index of it, and superintend eiscellaneous work of department. The Bureau of Accounts, in which all of the finances of the department are looked after, such as the custody and disbursement of appropriations; also indemnity funds and bonds; also care of the building and property of the department, etc., The Bureau of Rolls and Library, which is charged with the custody of treaties, rolls, public documents, etc.; has care of revolution ary archives, of international commissions, superintendence of library, etc. The Bureau of Statistics, for the preparation of reports on commercial relations. The chiefs of these bureaus receive from $2,100 per year to $2,300 per year. In addition to these there are connected with the State Department the offices of translator, at $2,100 per year; assistant secretary, $5,000; second assistant secretary, $4,500; third assistant secretary, $4,500; solicitor, $4,500; chief clerk, $3,000; clerk to Secretary of State, $2,500; passport clerk, $1,400. Besides these are the various comptrollers, auditors, clerks and assistants, which number well up into the thousands. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. This department was organized in 1789. The head of this department, known as the bSecretary of the Treasury, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The Treasury Department is one of the most important branches of the national government, as it has charge of the financial affairs of the government, custody of public funds, collection of revenue and ecaintenance of public credit. Among the many important duties devolving upon this department are the following: It attends to the collection of all internal revenues and duties on imports, and the prevention of frauds ill these departments. All claims and demands either by the United States or against them, and all the accounts in which the United States are interested, either as debtors or creditors, must be settled and adjusted in the Treasury Department. This department also includes the Bureau of the Mint, in which the government coin and moneys are manufactured. The Treasury Department authorizes the organization of national banks and has supervision over them; has charge of the coast surveys, the lighthouses, marine hospitals, etc. It has charge of all moneys belonging to the United States; designates depositories of public moneys, keeps a complete and accurate system of accounting, showing the receipts and disbursements of the Treasury, and makes reports at stated intervals showing the condition of public finances, public expenditures and the public debt., There are a great many important officials connected with the Treasury Department, chief among which are the fiollowing, viz.: Private secretary of the head department, at $2,500 per year; three assistant secretaries, at $5,000 each; chief clerk, $3,000; chief of appointment division, $3,000; chief of warrants division, $3,500; chief of public moneys division, $3,000; chief of customs division, $3,000; acting chief of revenue marine division, $2,500; chief of stationery division, $2,500; chief of loans and currency division, $3,000; chief of miscellaneous division, $2,500; supervising special agent, $8 per day; government actuary,; i78, supervising architect, $4,500; steamboat inspector $3,500; chief Bureau of Statistics, $3,000; life saving service superintendent, $4,500; assistant, $2,500; commissioner Bureaus of Navigation, $3,600; superintendent United States coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; supervising surgeoc-general marine hospital service, $4,000; Bureau of Engraving and Printing, director, $5,GOO; assistant director, $3,500; superintendent engraving division, $4,500. The foregoing will serve to show many of the lines of work attended to in the Treasury Department, as the names of these offices explain the branch of work they are charged with attending to. There are a number of other important offices in the department that should be mentioned, among them being the following: The Solicitor of the Treasury, or chief attorney, who receives $4,500 per year for attending to the legal matters connected with the department. The Commissioner of Customs, who receives $4,000 per year and his deputy $2,250, has charge of all accounts of the revenue from customs and disbursements, and for the building and repairing of custom houses. The Treasurer of the United States receives $6,000 per year, assistant treasurer $3,600, and superintendent of national banks (Red. Div.) $3,500. The Treasurer receives and keeps the government funds, either at headquarters or in the Sub-Treasuries or government depositories, paying it out upon warrants drawn in accordance with the law, and pays all interest on the national debt. The Register of the Treasury is paid a salary of $4,000 per year and his assistant $2,500. The Register keeps the accounts of public expenditures and receipts; receives the returns and makes out the official statemtents of United States commerce and navigation; receives from first comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers acted on by them and files the same. The Comptroller of the Currency receives $5,000 per year and his deputy $3,000. This bureau is charged with a general supervision of the national banks and matters connected with the issuing of paper money. The Director of the Mint receives $4,500 per annum, and is charged with a general supervision over all the coinage of the government. The Comptroller of the Treasury receives $5,500 per year and his assistant $4,500. This bureau has charge of the auditing system of the Treasury. With the exception of the postal revenue accounts, the comptroller prescribes the forms of keeping and rendering all public accounts. Auditors. There are six auditors connected twith the Treasury Department, each of whom receives a salary of $4,000 per year, and is allowed a deputy at a salary of $2,500 per atenntm. No one atditor takes rank over another. The first auditor receives and adjusts the accounts of the revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expenditures on account of tCie civil list and Linder special acts of Congress, reporting the balances to the commissioners of the customs and first comptroller respectively for their decision. The second auditor devotes most of his attention to army affairs; looks after all the accounts relating to the pay, clothing and recruiting of the army; the arsenals, armories and ordnance; all accounts relating to the Indian Departeent; reporting to the second comptroller. The third auditor has all accounts for sustenance of the army, military academy, military roads, fortifications, quartermaster's department, certain pensions, claims arising for military service previous to 1817; for all property lost in the military service; he reports also to the second comptroller. The fourth auditor also reports to the second comptroller, and attends to all accounts of the service connected with the navy. The fifth auditor reports to the first comptroller, and adjusts all accounts connected with the diplomatic service of the Department of State. The sixth auditor adjusts all accounts growing from the service of the Post Office Department. WAR DEPARTMENT. The War Department was organized in August, 1789. The head of this department is known as the Secretary of War; is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The War Department attends to the execution of all laws affecting the Regular Army, and carries out and performs such duties as may be provided for by law or directed by the President relative to military forces, military commissions and the warlike stores of the United States. Ie former years this department also had charge of Indian as well as military affairs, but this has been transferred to the Department of the Interior. The War Department is also required, among other duties, to maintain the signal service and provide for taking meteorological observations at various points on the continent, and give telegraphic notice of the approach of storms. There is also maintained a Civil Engineering Department, through the aid of which is carried out such improvements in rivers and harbors as may be authorized by Congress. The Secretary of War also has supervision over the West Point Military Academy. The private clerk for the head of the War Department is paid $2,500 per year; assistant secretary, $5,000; chief clerk, $4,000. The eeost of the subordinates and assistants in the War Department, except those mentioned, are officers of the Regular Army, who are paid salaries and perquisites. The Commanding General, next to the Secretary, looks after the arrangement of military forces, superinteteds the recruiting service and discipline of the army, orders courts-martial, and in a general sense is charged with seeing to the enforcement of the laws and regulations of the army. The Adjutant-General keeps the rolls and the orders issued. The Quartermaster-General has charge of the barracks and the supplies, etc., that may be required for the army. The CommissaryGeneral is the head of the Subsistence Department, and has supervision over the purchasing and issuing army rations. The Judge Advocate General is the head of the department of military justice. The Surgeon General, as the name implies, looks after the affairs of the army relating to sick, wounded, hospital, etc. The Paymaster-General is the disbursing officer for the money required by the department. There is also the Ordnance office, controlling ordnance store, arsenals, armories, the manufacture of arms, etc. The Topographical office has charge of all plats and drawings of all surveys made for military purposes. Besides these there are the Inspector-General's Department and departments devoted to war records, publications, etc. In this connection it may be of interest to the general reader to refer briefly to a few facts concerning the Regular Army. The United States is divided for this purpose into a number of military districts. The head of each department receives his general instructions and orders from headquarters. e)The term of service in the Regular Army is three years. The pay of private soldiers at the start is $15 per month and rations, and this is increased according to time of service. The pay of the officers is proportioned to their rank. The pay of officers in active service was fixed by an act of Congress May 11, 1908, as follows: lieutenant-general $11,000 per year; major-general $8,000; brigadier-general $6,000; colonels from $4,000 to $5,000- lieutenantcolonels from $3,500 to $4,500; majors from $3,000 to $4,000- captains fromete $2,400 to $3,360; first-lieutenants from $2,000 to $2,800; secondlieutenants from $1,700 to $2,380. In case any officer below the grade of major required to be mounted, provides himself with suitable mounts at his own expense, he receives an addition to his pay of $150 per annum if he provides one mount; and $200 per annum if he provides two mounts. The pay of retired officers was fixed as follows by the act of May 11, 1908: lieutenant-generals $8,250 per annum; major generals $6,000; brigadier-generals $4,500; colonels from $3,000 to $3,750; lieutenant-colonels from $2,625 to $3,375; majors from $2,250 to $3,000; captains from $1,800 to $2,520; first lieutenants from $1,500 to $2,100, and second-lieutenants $1.275 to $1,785. NAVY DEPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of the Navy, who is appointed by the President, and receives ae salary of $12,000 per annum. This department is charged with the duty of attending to the construction,, armaent, equipment and employment of vessels of war, as well as all other matters connected with naval affairs, and appropriations made therefor by Congress. The Secretary of the Navy has direct control of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland; issues orders to the commanders of the various squadrons; has general authority over the Marine Corps; and has control of all the several bureaus of the Navy Department. There are a number of bureaus organized in the Navy Department for the purpose of more thoroughly handling the work, among the most important of ewhich may be mentioned the following: Bureau of Steam Engineering; Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; Bureau of Navigation; Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Yards ated Docks; Bureau of Ordnance; Bureau of Equtipment and Recruiting; Bureau of Construction and Repair. Attached to this department are also officials or bureaus to attend to the following matters: Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C.; Museum of Hygiene; Naval Dispensary; Board of Inspection and Survey; Navy Supplies and Accounts; Naval Observatory; Hydrographic Office; Library and War Records; Naval Intelligence; Nautical Almanac, etc. The admiral of the navy (line) is paid $13,500 per year; the first nine rear-admirals each receive $8,000 per year and the second nine $6,000; chiefs of bureaus are paid $6,000 per year; captains $4,000; commanders $3,500; lieutenant-commanders $3,000; lieuttenants $2,400; junior grade lieutenants $2,000; ensigns $1,700; chief-boatswains, gunners, carpenters, sail makers, $1,700; mtidshipmen at sea $1,400- eteidshipmen at academy $600. In the Marine Corps the major general receives $8,000 per year; colonels $4,000; lieutenant-colonels $3,500; majors, $3,000; captains (line) $2,400; captains (staff) $2,600; first lieutenants $2,000; second-lieutenants $1,700. An increase of ten per cent is allowed them when on sea duty, or on "shore duty beyond the sea." Chaplains of the rank of lieutenant-commander or higher rank receive the pay and allowance of a lieutenant-comemander; those appointed prior to July 1, 1906, who have the rank of lieutenant receive $2,800; and others are paid according to their rank in the foregoing list. Naval constructors receive fromt $3,200 to $4,200 per year; assistant naval constructors $2,000 or the pay of rank according to the foregoing table; warrant officers $1,125 to $2,250. Petty officers and chief petty officers receive salary ranging from $33 to $77 per month. First class seamentreceive $26 per month; seamen-guners t$28 per month; firemen, first-class, $38; ordinary seamen $21; firemen, second-class. $33; shipwrights $27; apprentice seamen $18; coal passers $24. The term of enlistment in the United States Navy is four years. D POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT. This is one of the most important branches of the National Government. Its head is the Postmaster-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annut. The Post Office Department has superevision over c the exection of all laws e passed by Congreess affectieng the postal service, and has general supetrvision over everything relating to the gathering, carrying and di stribution of United States ails; superintends the distribution and disposal of all moneys beloneging to, or appropriated for, the deepartment; and the instructionc etof and supervision over aell persons in the postal servtice, with reference to their duties. In pecroviditng for handling the general work of the Post Office Department it has ieen found necessary to create four bureaus, or offices, as they are termed, each of which is presided over by an assistant postmaster-general, teo each receive $5,000 per annumeeTe are all subject to the direction and supervision of the head of the departneitet. A revtiew of these various breaus and their principal officialsT, with the name of the office, wcill show very clearly the work handled by each. The first assistant postmaster-general is allowed a chief-clerk at $2,500 per year; superintendent of salaries and allowancet S4,000; superintendent of division appointments $3,000; superintendent of city free-delivery service $3,000. The second assistant postmaster-general has charge of the following divisions, iendicated by the following officials who are under lis control: superintendent of railway adjustments $3,000 per year; chief of division inspection $2,000; chief of division of contracts $2,000; chief of division of meail equipment; general superintendent of railway mall service $4,000; superintendent of foreign mails $3,000. The third assistant postmaster general controls the following divisions: superintendent of money-order division $3,00O; superintendent of registry system $2,500; superintendent of division of finance $2,250; superintendent of division of stamps p$2.500; also the post-card agent and the stamsped-envelope agent at $2,500 each. The fourth assistant postmaster-general controls the following divisions: Superintendent rural free delivery service $3,000; superieLtecedent of post ofice supplies $2,500; superintendent of dead-letter oRfice $2,750; topographer $2,750. Besides the various chiefs of divisions mentioned above there are connected with the Post Office Departmtent a latw clerk, at $2,500 per year; appointment clerk, at $2,000; assistant attorney-generael, $5,000; a disbursing clerk, $2,250; also the auditor of the post office department, at $4,000. I Copyright, Igo1910, by Ueo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  IV I r SUPPLEMENT IV t- I V I DIGE STm OFC I DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. The Interior Department is under the immediate control of the Secretary of the Interior. He is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per year. In this department, as the name imples, is conducted most of the public business relating to domestic or internal affairs, and, like most of the other executive departments, it is divided into a number of subdivisions and branches. The Secretary of the Interior is charged with a general supervision over public business connected wi th the following branches, viz.: st. The census of the United States. 2d. All matters connected with public lands. 3d. Everything relating to the Indians or Indian affairs. 4th. All matters concerning pensions or bounty lands. 5th. The issuance and filing of patents and caveats. 6th. The custody and distribution of publications. 7th. The compilation of statistics relating to educational matters in the various States. He also has oversight over several of the Government's charitable and benevolent institutions. For the purpose of handling properly the business connected with most of the subjects mentioned, there are bureaus organized for the purpose. The salaries paid to the principal officials connected with the Interior Department are as folows: First assistant secretary of the interior, $5,000 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; chief clerk, $3,000; assistant attorney-general (Dept. of Interior), $5,000; commissioner of the General Laf d Office, $5,000; commissioner of Indian affairs, $5,000; superintendent of Indian schools, $3,000; commissioner of the Pension Office, $5,000; medical referee, $3,000; commissioner of the Patent Office, $5,000; commissioner of the Education Office, $4,500; director of geological surveys, $6,000; director Reclamation Service, $7,500. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. This department was formerly connected with the Interior Department, but in 1889 it wtas reorganized and made independent, and the Secretary of Agriculture was made a member of the Cabinet. The head of this department is appointed b3 the President, an d receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The general duty and design of the Department of Agriculture is to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on sbjecs cttonnected with agriculture in the mnost general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. The following is a list of the chief officials connected with the Department of Agriculture and their salaries, and the list will also serve to indicate the various lines of work handled by and the various duties which devolve upon the department, viz.: Assistant secretary of agriculture receives $5,000 per annum; chief of Weather Bureau,, $6,000; chief of Bureau of Animal Industry, $5,000; statistician, $3,500; chemist, $5,000; entomologist, $4,000; botanist, $3,240; chief of forestry division, $5,000; pomologist, $3,000; plant pathologist and physiologist, $3,500; director of the office of experiment stations, $4,000; chief of division of accounts and disbursements, $3,250; editor, $3,000; agriculturist, $3,500; director of public roads, $3,000; statistical scientist in charge of investigations of production and distribution, $3,000; chief of biological survey, $3,000; chief of bureau of soils, $3,500; chief of bureau of plant industry in charge of seed distribution, $5,000. - DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. The head of the Department of Justice is the Attorney-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The principal assistant of the Attorney-General is the Solicitor-General, who receives $7,500 per year. There are a number of assistant attorney-generals who receive $5,000 per annum, and a special assistant attorney-general is appointed for nearly all of the various departments, including the Treasury, State, Post Office and Interior Departments. Besides these there are a number of special officials connected with the Department of Justice, such as attorney in charge of titles, $2,700; chief clerk and superintendent of buildings, $3,000; appointment clerk, $2,000; attorney in charge of pardons, $2,750; solicitor internal revenue, $4,500; superintendent of prisons and prisoners, $3,000; chief examiner, $2,750; chief of division of accounts, $2,500; disbursing clerk, $2,750; solicitor for department of commerce and labor, $5,000. The Attorney-General is the legal adviser of the President, and it is the duty of the Department of Justice to give all opinions and render all services requiring the skill of persons learned in the law necessary to enable the President and other officers of the various Government departments to discharge their respective duties. This department is also required to prosecute or defend all suits or procedings in which the United States is interested. The Attorney-General has general supervision over all the solicitors for the various departments; and also exercises general superintendence and direction over all United States marshals and United States district attorneys of all the districts of the United States and Territories. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. The Department of Commerce and Labor was established in February, 1903. The general design of this department is to collect, assort and systematize statistical details relating to the different branches of labor and commerce in the United States. The head of this department, known as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The following are the principal officials under his control together with the salary paid: The commissioner of the bureau of manufacturers, $4,000 per year; commissioner of the bureau of corporations, $5,000; commissioner of the bureau of labor, $5,000; director of bureau of the census, $7,000; superintendent of the coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; chief of bureau of statistics, $4,000; supervising inspector-general of steamboat inspection service, $4,000; commissioner of bureau of fisheries, $6,000; commissioner of bureau of navigation, $4,000; commissioner-general of bureau of immigration and naturalization at $5,000; director of bureau of standards, $5,000. INDEPENDENT DEPARTMENTS. There are several independent departments, which, although none of them are as important as the foregoing, and their heads are not Cabinet members, yet they form a very necessary part and attend to very important branches of the National Government. Government Printing Office. The head of this branch of public work is the Public Printer, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $5,500 per year. His chief clerk is paid $2,400 per year, and there is a foreman of printing and a foreman of binding, each of whom receive $2,100 per annum. Civil Service Commission. This commission consists of three commissioners, each of whom are paid $4,500 per year. The chief examiner connected with the commission is paid $3,000 per annum, and the secretary $2,500. Interstate Commerce Commission. This commission was crefor the purpose, and charged with the duty, of seeing that the laws regulating interstate commerce were faithfully executed and observed, and to prevent unjust discrimination on the part of railway corporations and common carriers. The commission consists of seven commissioners appointed from different sections of the United States, each of whom receives a salary of $10,000 per year. The secretary of the commission receives a salary of $5,000 per annum. JUDICIARY. The judicial powers of the United States are vested in the following named courts, viz.: The United States Supreme Court, consisting of one chief justice and eight associate justices; the United States Court of Claims, which consists of one hiief justice and four judges; the United States Circuit Court of Appeals; and the United States Circuit and District Courts. All judges of United States Courts are appointed for - SYSTEM COF CIVIL GqOVERNMEN T during "good behavior." The chief justice of the United ation for various purposes. He upreme Court receives a salary of $13,000 per annum, and laws passed by the Legislature, I:ate justices $12,000 each. The circuit judges receive a sal- be passed over his veto by a two 7000 each per annum, district judges, $6000, and Coturt of ernor is commander-in-chief of tl udges receive $6,000, and chief justice $6,500 per year. has authority to call out such f jurisdiction of the United States Courts extends to all cases the laws when the local authoriti, nd in equity arising under the Constitution, the laws of the may require the opinion of the Lrates, and treaties; to all cases affecting ambassadors, o ther ject relating t o their respective o nisters and const uls; to a ll ca ses of admiralty and aritime bonds of State officials. In man on; to cont roversies to which the United States shall be a grant reprieves and pardons', aoft controversies between two or more States; between a State the State except in cases of impT izen of another State; between c itizens of different States; the pardoning power is vested ic cititzens of the same State claimin g lan ds tnder grant s of of which the Governor is generat Statest In all cases affecting atbassadors, other public min- has th e appointment of a numbe I consuls, and those in which a State is a party the Supreme if an elective office becomes vacs ts originaol jurisdiction. In the other carses the Suprer e pointroet; has power in manyo St s appellate jurisdiction. a cou pnty offi cer, pending a legal requisitions upon the ttexecutives LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. with crime who escape to other S rants for fleeing criminals upon ur legislativeo powers of the United States are vest ted in a ConiTh ctonsists of a Senate and HIous e of Representatives, and LIEUTENAI ets annually at Washington on the fi o rst MondayoD t Tt fi of eLiteuentoT Seni~ayarssac~iz~no~ahelo~i~adneltat~s:^d S n The office of Liudtenant-Goa titution gives to Congress the following general powers: To Stattt itt tht Uoiot, a1 ltttt tot *i inhabita~~~ntaosf ^S~~e State hiu' the nis hsn h^e1 oriinB' aSt-lalst no collectaxes duties, imposts and exciseso; pay thte debts of S tOlTc is oly So l~~li~i~u~n^FS tat e s P~this ~na~ officleris oncly kown d Stattes; brrow money on the credit of the United State ts;It:Emtiod ttetdoottoto~tttlotto tittotdt govIttme ou the UniedS tates t theoidedteno te commerce; to establish uniform laws on naturalization ands 1 cy; to coin - oney and regulate the value thereof; fix the ixe eh ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i ofthesedprtmns shel exrise andpses ll o w e SA E of weights and measures; to declare war; to raise and sup- duisoGvenrhuldvl, important Stat~~~dutes ofiil Goenre elected dytevpoplebtixh ^* ies (but it is provided that no appropriation for th t ltsis purposee )r a longeroperiodthntwotytat);tto ide tndotaitain prittoipa oidutyofthe Lieteainta to grant letters of marque and reprisal, anO thmake trultes con- fficofteT StoteSettoe UI aptures on land and wa ter; t o mak e rules for the overnment r.ation of the land and naval fortttot rces; t o establish pooffices and toeo o ht atoetr s; to ptromoteho t he progr esis tof sciencto de andoit the useful arts by de-th r limitetd times, to authors and inventors, the exclusittveh s rightt S respective writings a nd discovertiesto s triya; b to otit te tdy Trh Liut naGs tothe Su tpreme Court; to define antd tltitto t td tpunish piracies ande commTtitted on the high seas and offense against the law of to exercise exclusive legislation over the District of Columbia SECRETAR s purchaset d for forts, magazines, arsen als, etc.; and fuot her Thoftctf S retapyO Ott all t laws necessary for the general welfare of othe Unitd itho the gift odt t opl o nd for "car ryin g into execution t he foreCgot o intg powers, andyStae hU powers vested by the Constitution in t Gootttmont o the toid to be the toi tottototy ates, or itn any deIpartment or offi0 t Ticr thi itereof." The Con-d by echif oexpresstly forbids Congress making t any law reso int the the etSe ofttheStatet thA *e and Utah $2,000;the rea Sald oreghe Sant e m nt$,0. Aimoespi i w ch ^^ nent of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, orto Stot t tt e Hotst o Rej;~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~o Sthatwolbe comnto call the SttsHstatho ust e m'ycag0 aount a~Re the tafreedom of spe itech, ormot of th e Sprtess, teor the right o otf ther gffi, oaeably to a'ssemtble, tand to pelttiton the Governmenot or a o to tht s the tilt A0re- ptra grievancttes. Congress cannot suspend the privilege of the lst habeas corpus except in cases of rebellion or invasion whet ond disttibuttd; toottot Ihe printi t safety may require it. No bill of attainder or eo post facto itdexesoadfitttextctioedocoi be passed. No tax or duty can be aid on articles exported bashsht rgtt ogttll boos, y State. No prefetence can be given by any regulation of otditprticollykeofal e or revenue to the port s o f one State over tthose of anoce t ttthe pyr.TuofSttitqit of nobility can be granted. E very law passed by Congwresst tot ofthe Govtort atdol submitted to the President for his approval. If he returns cial comssos 't; eesa tit objectios.or..toes it, the.... to...y be possed....yperson cpyofthesto by a two-thirds vote of both branches of Congresst Ihe Settetoty o Stte it o t Senate, or the "Upper House of Congress," is composed of boaodsbtnolistoftheo ators from each Stott itIe Uoit They ote tltotd by State, the iTy ore differtnt in LI slatureo of their respective States, for a term of six years, ivea salary of $7,5000 per annum. No person can be elected STATE oited States Senate who has not attained the age of thity Tho oftt of Auditort o Slta oen nine years a citizen of the United States, and is when ototly eoety Stott it te Uniot o inhabitant of the State from which St it chotet The Sot- n1 oaliSe int Ol the Stotes, as tot ole power to try all impeachments. Its consenttand confirm- oetutFlotidoGorgioMay lecessary for all important officers appointed by the President. SthtCaolina, Tetnestee Too nt is also necessary to conclude any treaty. Slot Coptollet Itt oewtot House of Representatives is the "Lower House of Congress.o Penntyloia, 1th office it ttlled 1te in the Union is divided into congressional districts, of Stat Ihe public ot ttsOtte01 I equal population as is practicable. In each district a ret- the Sttet, howe t dotiet ve is elected by the people for a tetmofttooyeattotndooach Stater ovetoyent are epactiolly L salary of $7,500 per year. Besides these, a delegate from tho tcope of ort handltd by onized Territory is admitted to the House of Representativest tpply, totopt ot rtgtrdt oitt ot entitled to a vote, but has the right to debate on all tob doty o the Statb Auditor to Sot ohich t Ttttoty ohith St teprtsents s all itest. No thet Slot ot Territory, anittd w o be ta representative who has not attained the age of twenty- ttttcopottittadindividuals s, b een for seven years a citizen of the United States, and is aodit t aott of pubit oe of his election an inhabitant of the Slate Oto which So State Treotsty, ood oil oertont.All bills f or raising revenue must originate in the House of toftheSfate Ttea.ury. Itf a. re to be paid out of the State Ti itor, who, after the same is adjust the Treasury. A complete reco Auditor, who also keeps an accou him with all tootyt paid intoltI STATE GOVERNMENT warrants paid, and the books an( [R metohod of Stole goovetntt throoghool Sth Unitod Stootes ance therewith, as settlements ar stated ittervals. In a number of ii1ows very closely the general plan of government that pre- generalttupetoitio overtetai tils in national affairs. The various functions of governmento State affairs are handled in departments, with a Stolt oficor Stateooig ttofficio o m oierdo tthe head of each branch, and the lines are clearly drawn rlyasutoiyomken etollyhastauthotityboto maotta the executive, legislative and judicial powers. All the States ond attigntt theteof io btboi ned tnder a constitution, which outlines and defines the powers ch of these departments shall exercise and possess. All of STATE ' important State officials are elected by the people, but in Thit i f the ot ip the State the less important offices are filled by appointment the ople of o Sloe The Slot ternor, by and with the consent of the State Senate. ople'stoney,oadaoarlea GOVERNOR. 000 up into the millions, is requ ernor it empowered to demand a Governor is the highest executive officer in all the States of insfficiet t fully otect the S n, and is elected by a direct vote of the people. The term ThedduietheStateTtt varies materially in the different States, ranging from two to office, and they are very much t]. As to the matter of salary that the Governor receives, ito tO e Unio. The Stole Trto rs widely throughout the different States and is subject to funds. He deposits these funds change. At the present writing three States-New York, the Treasurer or State against 1 ttia and New Jersey pay their Governors $10,000 per year; balances. The Treasurer pays o 12,000; California $6,000; Minnesota, Indiana, Alabama, Col- sued or signed by the State Ato aldtttar, Missouri, Montana, Virginia and W isconsin all pay fuliteordofalwoottstttot r year; Koentucky $6,500; Massachusetts and Ohio $8,000; Ne- Tteatuter't offioe. The to by onecticut, Michigaon, Tennessee, Texas and Washington, $4, ottoe of Ihe Slob it Ottrtt in ryland and Oklahoma $4,500; Mississippi, Arkansas, Florido Auditot ittoet 00 otdet ot him h Carolina $3,500; Iowa, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, North Car- am ount against the Treasurer. I rth Dakota and Rhode Island $3,000; West Virginia $2,700; eys which he is entitled to otio otto, Nebraoska and Wyoming $2,500; Delatoot, Moaine, New tiot. It til theo SttesthI. T eo and Utah $2,000; and Oregon and Vermont $1,500. alltmoneeytpid inowithutI it th e only statement concerning the qualifications required for valid, and one of these must b5 that would be ommo n to, all the States is that he tmust be maytchagt aountagastt of the State in which he is elected. In most of the States, system is carried on-iboth Audii on t o the salary named, the Governor is furnished wt a count of all moneys received an, which is known as the "Executive Mansion." c ounts must balance, as at state( powers and duties that d ev olve upon the Governor are about settlements with the Auditor ano in all of the States. He is charged with a general supervision Legislature. In most of the St; faithful execution of the laws, and is the legal custodian of to publish at stated times, in the operty of the Slob 1ottpibicily trloted to ther officers statement of the public account.d is authorized to tak e summary p ossession of such property. disbursements. He is also requi pected to communicat e by message to each session of the itemized statement to each setsi,,isltoo. toth infotto..ioot t.ommen..dations ett garding of the Stotot the law it very. airs as he may deem necessary and proper, andhe - Sta te Treasurer, the following bei to call extra sessions of that body whenever the public welfare t o the office, viz.: That comple and. He accounts to the same body for all moneys received showing what is received or pai out, and presents estimates of amounts to be raised by tax- "funds" must be exhibited in s has a negative (or veto) upon all but it is provided that measures may 3-thirds vote of that body. The Govhe State military or naval forces, and orces to preserve peace and execute es are unable to accomplish this. He various State officers upon any subffices, and examines and approves the y States the Governor has power to er conviction, for all offenses against eachment; but in a few of the States n a board selected for that purpose, 1ly ex-officio member. The Governor r of State officers, and in many cases ant he has the power to fill it by apates to suspend a State officer, or even.investigation. The Governor issues of other States for parties charged states, and he has power to issue warequisition of other Governors. IT-GOVERNOR. vernor does not exist in all of the under this name, as in a few of the as the President of the State Senate. ant-Governor is paid a certain amount Legislature or General Assembly, and salary, but it is provided that if the ve upon him, he shall during the conntitled to the emoluments thereof. The -Governor is to act as the presiding ter House of the State Legislature. I he office of Governor, the Lieutenantuntil such vacancy was filled by elecLieutenant-Governor is unable to act e, a President pro telnpore is chosen vernor has no vote in the Senate exdivision of the melbers. IY OF STATE. te is one of the most important orices a State, and the office exists tnder anion. The Secretary of State may be tf the Governor, and countersigns all executive, and he is the custodan of a rule it is the duty of the Secretary presentatives to order and preside unor Speaker, is elected. It is his duty d for the Legislature or General Asve manual and causes it to be printed ing and distribution of the State la.s; xents; provides and distributes election bills, papers, etc., of the Legislature, public acts, laws, records, l oids, etc." red to keep a register of all the offifixes the Seal of the State to all offiecord of them, and is obliged to give when demanded. In all of the States io tnebeum of oa number of the State 4ld be given'that woould apply to all Ie various States. AUDITOR. e exists under one name or another in The title of this office, however, is any of them, notably California, Conand, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, as, and a few others, it is known as F the States, including lichigan and Auditor-General, and in two of the idited by a Board ofAuditors. In all that devolve upon this branch of the the same, and a general explanation of the State Auditor in one State will details, to all of the States. It is the,p the accounts of the State with any h the United States and all public offis having accounts with this State. He officers who are to be paid out of the who are authorized to receive money aIct, all claims agaiohst the State which reasury must be presented to the Auded, issues woarrants therefor payable at trd of each warrant is kept l v the.nt with the State Treast:rer, charging te Treasury, and giving credit for all d vouchers of the Treasury Imust balre made between these two officers at the States the Auditor is charged with n corporations, such as insurance and g and loan associations, and in some a number of State boards. He gend execute satisfactions of judgments If of the State. tREASURER. ortant executive offices in the gift of e Treasurer handles vast sunts of the very heavy bond, ranging fromt $00,ired of him; and generally the Govdditional bonds if he deems the bond Ltate. asurer are implied by the title of the he same throughout all of the States surer is custodian of all the State in banks, which give bonds to secure oss, and which pay interest on daily ut State funds only on warrants isditor, or other proper official, and a kept in both the auditing office and which the Treasurer receives the revdifferent States. In some States the to receive the same and charms the tn others he is charged with all mone, and then given credit for delilKLienreasurer issues duplicate receipts for be countersigned by the Atcbitor to 9te e deposited with the Auditor, so he the Treasurer. In this way a dot:,It tor and Treasurer keeping a full ac — d paid out, and their books and tcd intervals the Treasurer must tnlice I submit books, vouchers, etc. tt the ates the State Treasurer is reqtired newspapers at the capital, an itemized Is, expenditures, funds, receitts and ired to make a complete relort and on of the Legislature. In tearly all xplicit in outlining the duties ot the ng very common provisions in relation bte record of all moneys must 1-e lnt d out of the various "funds," woich eparate accounts. In several oi the L I l h- -A..1 --, A1 ails -in -

Page  V IL r SUPPLEMENT V -- ---- -- ----- ---- 1 DIGEST OF' States the Governor and one or two other State officials constitute a board, which must at certain times examine and check up the accounts, books and vouchers of the State Treasurer and ascertain the amount of funds in the Treasury. ATTORNEY-GENERAL. The Attorney-General, as the name implies, is the general legal counsel or lawyer for the various branches of the State government. In all of the States the powers and duties of the Attorney-General are very similar. It is his duty to appear for the State in all actions and proceedings in the Supreme Court in which the State has an interest; to institute and prosecute in all courts all actions, either for or against a' State officer, in which the State has an interest; to consult with and advise the various county or state's attorneys in matters relating to their official duties, and when public interest requires he assists them in criminal prosecutions. It is his duty to consult with and advise the Governor and other State officers, and give, when requested, written opinions on legal or constitutional questions relating to their official duties, and to give written opinions when requested by the Legislature or any committee thereof. It is also his duty to prepare, when necessary, drafts for contracts or other writings relating to subjects in which the State is interested. He is required to enforce the proper application of funds appropriated to the various State institutions, and prosecute breaches of trust in the administration of the same; and when necessary to prosecute corporations for failure or refusal to comply with the laws; to prosecute official bonds of delinquent officers or corporations in which the State has an interest. The Attorney-General is required to keep a record of all actions, complaints, opinions, etc. STATE SUPERINTENDENT OR SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. This is an office which exists in nearly every State in the Union. In three or four of the States the management of the educational interests of the State is vested in a State Board of Education, but in these cases the secretary of the board assumes ost of the board assumes most of th detail work that in most of the States devolve upon the State Superintendent. The full title given to this office is not the same in all of the States, but it is generally called "State Superintendent of Public Instruction or Public Schools." In Ohio, Maine and Rhode Island, and a few others, this officer is termed "Commissioner of Schools." The duties of the State Superintendent are very much alike in all of the States, as he is charged with a general supervision over the educational interests of the State and of the public schools. In many States his authority is not limited to the public schools, and he his authorized by law to demand full reports from all colleges, academies or private schools. It is his duty to secure at regular intervals reports from all such educational institutions and file all papers, reports and documents transmitted to him by local or county school oflicers. He is the general adviser and assistant of the various county superintendents or school officers, to whom he must give, when requested his written opinion upon questions rising under the school law. It is also his duty to hear and determine controversies arising under the school laws coming to him by appeal from a county superintendent or school bfficial. He prepares and distributes school registers, school blanks, etc., and is generally given the power to make such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry into efficient and ueiform effect the provisions of the laws relating to schools. The State Superintendent is required to make a detailed report to each regular session of the State Legislature, showing an abstract of the common school reports; a statement of the condition of public schools and State educational institutions; the amount of money collected and expended, and all other matters relating to the schools or school funds that have been reported to him. He is forbidden'from becoming interested in the sale of any school furniture, book or apparatus. STATE LIBRARIAN. In nearly all of the States the laws provide for a State officers under the title of "State Librarian." As a rule the office is filled by appointment of the Governor, although in a few States it is an elective office and is filled by direct vote of the people. The State Librarian is the custodian of all the custodioks and of alpety elonging to the State Library, and is required to give a bond for the proper discharge of his duties and safekeeping of the property intrusted to his care, as in many of the States the State Library is an immensely important and valuable collection. In some of the States the Supreme Court judges prescribe all library rules and regulations. In others they have a Library Board of Trustees, which is sometimes made up of the Governor and certain other State officials, who constitute a board of commissioners for the management of the State Library. ADJUTANT-GENERAL. In nearly all of the States provision is made for an AdjutantGeneral, who is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The name of the office implies the branch of work which is handled by its incumbent. It is the duty of the Adjutant-General to issue and transmit all orders of the Commander-in-Chief with reference to the militia or military organizations of the State. He keeps a record of all military officers commissioned by the Governor, and of all general and special orders and regulations issued, and of other matters relating to the men, property, ordinance, stores, camp and garrison equipage pertaining to the State militia or military forces. PUBLIC EXAMINER OR BANK EXAMINER. This is a State office that is found in only about one-half of the States. In some States it is known as Bank Comptroller and in others the duties which devolve upon this officer are handled by a "department" in the State Auditor's office. The general duties and plan of conducting this work, in many respects, is very similar, but there is a great difference between the various States in the officers who attend to it. Where' this made a separate State office, generally speaking, the requirements are that he must be a skilled accountant and expert bookkeeper, and cannot be an officer of any of the public institutions, nor interested in any of the financial corporations which it may be his duty to examine. HIe is charged with the duty of visiting and inspecting the financial accounts and standing of certain corporations and institutions organized under the State laws. In several of the States it is made his duty to visit certain county officials at stated intervals, and inspect their books and accounts, and enforce a uniform system of bookkeeping by State and county officers. COMMISSIONER OR SUPERINTENDENT OF INSURANCE. In all of the States of the Union the department relating to insurance has grown to be an important branch of State government. The method of controlling the insurance business differs materially in many of the States, althoughhey are all gradually moving the same direction, viz., creating a department or State office in which all matters relating to insurance and. insurance companies are attended to. In former years, in nearly.all of the States, the insurance business formed a department in the State Auditor's office, and was handled by him or his appointees. Now, however, in -nearly all the Northern States and many of the Southern States, theyp.have a separate and distinct insurance department, the head of which is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The duties and powers of the insurance department of the various States are very similiar. A general provision is that the head of this department must be experienced in insurance matters, and he is prohibited from holding an interest in any insurance company. The Commissioner or Superintendent of Insurance has extensive powers concerning insurance matters, and it is his duty to see that all laws respecting and regulating insurance and insurance companies, are faithfully observed; he issues licenses to insur THE SYSTEM OF IVI G OV F FR N M V E: NT1 1! I 1 l = ance companies, and it is his duty to revoke the license of any company not conforming to law. Reports are made to him at stated times by the various companies, and he has' power to examine fully into their condition, assets, etc. He files in his office the various documents relating to insurance companies, together with their statements, etc., and at regular intervals makes full reports to the Governor or Legislature. COMMISSIONER OF LABOR STATISTICS. In several of the States a "Commissioner of Labor Statistics" is appointed by the Governor, who is the head of what may be termed the labor bureau. In a great majority of the States, however, this branch of work is taken care of by a board of labor commissioners, a bureau of statistics or by the State Auditor and his appointees. The general design of this bureau or commission is to collect, assort and systematize, and present in regular reports to the Legislature, statistical details relating to the different departments of labor in the State, and make such recommendations as may be deemed proper and necessary concerning the commercial, industrial, social, educational and sanitary conditions of the laboring classes. OTHER STATE OFFICERS. In all of the States there exist one or more other State officers in addition to those already mentioned, which are made necessary by local condition or local business interests. It is, therefore, unnecessary to mention any of these at length in this article. It may be stated, however, that in all of the States may be found two or more of the following State officers, and further, that each one of the following named officers is found in some State in the Union, viz.: Superintendent or commissioner of agriculture, commissioner of mines secretary of agricultural board, secretary of internal affairs, clerk and reporter of the Supreme Court, commissioner of railways, commissioner of immigration, State printer, State binder, land agent or commissioner commissioner, register or superintendent of State land office, register of lands, commissioner of schools and lands, surveyor-general, inspectorgeneral, State oil inspector-general, State oil inspector, dairy commissioner. STATE BOARDS. Besides the officers and departments which have already been mentioned, there are a number of State boards or bureaus that are necessary in carrying on the complex business connected with the government of a State. The following list of such State boards and bureaus includes all that can be found in the majority of the States; some of them, however, are only found in a few of the States, because they are of a locI- riture and are only made necessary by the existence of certai local conditions or business interests. 'It will also be observed that some of the boards named cover the same line of work that has already been mentioned as belonging to some State officer. This grows from the fact that a few of the States place the management of certain lines of work in the hands of a State board, while in others, instead of havig a State board they delegate the powers and duties to a single State official. All of the States, however, have a number of the State boards mentioned in this list, the names of which imply the line of work each attends to, viz.: Railroad and warehouse conmissioners, board of equalization, board or commission of agriculture, university trustees, board or commissioners of public charities, canal commissioners, penitentiary commissioners, board of health, dental p exlamibers, trustees of historical library, board of phartlacy, comenissionr of claims, live stock commissioners, fish commissioners, inspectors of coal mines, labor commissioners, board of education, board of public works, board of pardons, assessment commissioners. LEGISLATURE OR GENERAL ASSEMBLY. The law-making power of every State is termed the "Legislative Department." The legislative power, according to the constitutions of the various States, is vested in a body termed the Legislature or General Assembly which consists of an Upper and Lower House, designated usually as the Senate and House of Representatives. In a few of' the States the Lower House is called "The Assembly." In most of the States the Legislature meets in regular session every two years, but this is not the universal rule, as in a few of the States the law provides for annual sessions. In all of the States, however, a provision is made whereby the Governor may, on extraordinary occasions, call special session by issuing a proclamation. The Legislative Department has the power to pass all such laws as may be-necessary for the welfare of the State, and carry into effect the provisions of the constitution. The Legislature receives the reports of the Governor, together with the reports of the various other State officers; they provide by appropriation for the ordinary and contingent expenses of the government; at regular times provided by law they apportion the State into political districts, and make all other provisions for carrying on the State government. There is a general prohibition against the passage of any ee post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities. Any measure to become a law must be passed by both branches of the Legislature, and then be presented to the Governor for his approval. If he withholds his approval (or vetoes it), the measure may be repassed by a two-thirds vote of the Legislature, when it will become a lawenotwithstanding the Governor's veto. SENATE. The Senate is the Upper House of the Legislature or General Assembly. The various States are divided into senatorial districts, in each of which a Senator is elected-the term of office varying from two to four years. Except in three or four of the States the presiding officer of the Senate is the Lieutenant-Governor, although a President pro ten. is usually elected, who acts as presiding officer during the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor. The presiding officer has no vote, however, in the Senate, except when that body is equally divided. Every Senator has one vote upon all questions, and the right to be heard in advocating or opposing the passage of any measure brought before the Legislature. In filling all of the most important State offices that are to ppointed by the Governor, th ppointments must be approved or confirmed by 'the Senate. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Lower House of the State Legislatfre, in nearly if not quite all the States of the Union, is termed the House of Representatives. Like the Senators, every member of the House has the right to be heard in advocating or opposing any measure brought before the body of which he is a member. The House is given the sole power of impeachment, but all impeachments must be tried by the Senate. As a general rule, there is a provision that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House. JUDICIARY. The "Judicial Department" is justly regarded as one of the most important and powerful branches of government of either the State or Nation, as it becomes the duty of this department to pass upon and interpret, and thereby ther annul or give validity to all the most important measures and acts of both the legislative and executive branches of the government. It is impossible in a general article to give a detailed review or description of the construction and make-up of the judicial departments of the various States. The courts are so differently arranged both as to their make-up and jurisdiction that it would be useless to try to give the reader a general description that would accurately cover the ground. In all of the States, except, possibly, one or two, the highest judicial authority td the State is known as the Supreme Court, and unless questions are involved which give the United States Courts jurisdiction, it is the court of last resort. The Supreme Court is made up of a chief justice andtthe several associate justices or judges as may be provided for by the laws of the various States, usually from four to six. Generally these officers are elected by the people, either from the State at large or (in three of the States) as representing certain districts, but this is not the case always, as in several States they are chosen by the Governor or Legislature. In all of Ste the States the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction both in law and in equity, and has original jurisdiction in remedial cases, mandaneus, habeas corpus and cases relating to the revenue, but there is no trial by jury in this court. Various other courts are provided for by the lats of the different States, such as appellate courts, circuit or district courts, probate courts, county courts, superior courts, municipal courts, courts of justices of the peace, etc. The jurisdiction of all these courts is, of course, inferior to that of the Supreme Court, and varies greatly in the different States. Besides these, where there are large cities, various other courts are also established to aid in caring for the enormous amount of judicial wtork that arises from such vast and complex business interests. The various courts are also provided with the necessary officials for carrying on the judicial business-such as clerks of court, court reporters, bailiffs, etc. COUNTY GOVERNMENT O far as the principal county offices are concerned, the general arrangement and method of handling the public business is very much the same in all of the States; but the offices are called by different names, and in minor details-such as transferring from one office to another certain minor lines of work -there are a number of points in which the method of county government in the various States differs. The writer has adopted the names of the principal county offices which are most common in the Northern States, as in the Southern and New England States there are scarcely any two States in which the names or titles of all the county offices are identical. AUDITING OFFICE AND CLERK OF THE COUNTY BOARD. Generally the principal auditing officer of the county is known as the "county auditor" or "county clerk." In Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin and many other States the office is called "county clerk." In Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio and others it is termed "county auditor." In a few of the States under certain conditions this office is merged with some other county office. A notable example of this is in the State of Michigan, where they have one official, under the simple title of "clerk," who looks after about all of the work which in most of the States devolves upon both the county clerk and also clerk of court. In all of the States a bond in a moderate sum is required of the county clerk or auditor, and he is paid a salary of from $1,500 to $3,500 per year, besides in some States being allowed certain fees, unless it is in a very large and heavily populated county, where the salary paid is of necessity much higher than this amount. No county treasurer or member of the county board is eligible to this office. In general terms it may be stated as a rule the auditor acts as the clerk or secretary of the official county board, althotgh in a few of the States the court clerk is required to look after this matter. The clerk of the county board keeps ant accurate record of the board's proceedings and carefully preserves all documents, records, books, maps and papers which may be brought before the board, or which the law provides shall be deposited in his office. In the auditing offce an accurate account is kept with the county treasurer. Generally they file the duplicates of the receipts given by the county treasurer, charging him with all money paid into the treasury and giving credit for all warrants paid. The general plan of paying claims against a county is as follows: If the claim is one in which the amount due is fixed by law, or is authorized to be fixed by some other person or tribunal, the auditor issues a warrant or order which will be paid by the treasurer, the certificate upon which it is allowed being duly filed. In all other cases the claim must be allowed by the county board, and the chairman or presiding officer issues a warrant or order which is attested by the clerk. A complete record of all these county warrants or orders is kept, and the accounts of the county treasurer must balance therewith. The above in general terms outlines the most important branch of work which the county clerk or county auditor looks after in most of the States, but in all of the States the law requires him to look after a number of other matters, although in these there is no uniformity between the various States, and no general description of these minor or additional duties could be given that would apply to all the States. COUNTY TREASURER. This is an office which exists in all of the States, and it is one of the most important of the various offices necessary in carrying on the business of a county. It is an elective office in all of the States, and the term of office is usually either two or four years, but a very common provision in the various States is that after serving for one term as county treasurer a party shall be ineligible to the office until the intervention of at least one term after the expiration of the term for which he was elected. This provision, however, does not exist in all of the States, as in some of them the county treasurer is eligible for reelection for any number of terms. The general duties of the county treasurers throughout the various States is very similar. The county treasurer is the principal custodian of the funds belonging to the county. It is his duty to receive and safely keep the revenues and other public moneys of the county, and all funds authorized to be paid to him, and disburse the same pursuant to law. He is required to keep proper books of accounts, in which he must keep a regular, just and true account of all moneys, revenues and funds received by him, stating particularly the time, when, of whom and on what fund or account each particular sum was received; and also of all moneys, revenues and funds paid out by him according to law, stating particularly the time e when, to whom and on what fund payment is made from. The books of the county treasurer must always be subject to the inspection of the county board, which, at stated intervals, examines his books and makes settlements with him. In some of the States the provisions of the law relating to county treasurer are very strict; some of them provide for a county board of auditors, who are expected, several times a year, to examine the funds, accounts and vouchers of She treasury without previous notice to the treasurer; and in some it is provided that this board, or the county board, shall designate a bank (or banks) in which the treasurer is required to keep the county funds depost-fed-the banks being required to pay interest on daily or monthly balances and give bond to indemnify the county against loss. As a general rule the county treasurer is only authorized to pay out county funds on warrants or orders issued by the chairman of the county board and attested by the clerk, or in certain cases on warants or orders of the county auditing office. A complete record of these warrants or orderseis kept, and the treasurer's accounts must balance therewith. In most of the States the law is very explicit in directing how the books and accounts of the county treasurer shall be kept. COUNTY RECORDER OR REGISTER OF DEEDS. In a' few of the States the office of county recorder or register of deeds is merged with some other county office, in counties where the population falls below a certain amount. A notable example of this is found in both the States of Illinois and Missouri (and there are others), where it is merged with the office of circuit clerk in many counties. The title of the joint office is "circuit clerk and recorder," and the duties of both offices are looked after by one official. The duties of the county recorder or register of deeds are very similar in the various States, although in some of the Easterne and Southern Statesthe office is called by other names. The usual name, however, is county recorder or register of deeds. In Illinois, Indiana, i ii I - - - I Copyright, 1910, by Oeo. A. Ogle & Co. J

Page  VI I SUPPLEMEN -a E:)I Ci E E r: OF -TH FE S13Y E3-E =:M O:)F': /II C3; L:\ OE R N M E N -T l -- I i I Iowa, Missouri, Ohio and many other States, it is called "county recorder." In Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin and many more it is called "register of deeds." In all of the States this office is the repository wherein are kept all records relating to deeds, mortgages, transfers and contracts affecting lands within the county. It is the duty of the recorder or register, as soon as practical after the filing of any instrument in writing in his office entitled to be recorded, to record the same at length, in the order of the time of its reception, in books provided by the county for that purpose; and it is his duty to endorse on all instruments a certificate of the time when the same was filed. All of the States have some of the following provisions concerning the duties of the recorder, but these provisions are not common to all of theStates,viz.: The registerorrecorderuisnot allowedto recordaninstrument of any kind unless it is duly executed according to law; he is not obliged to record any instrument unless his fees are paid in advance; as a rule, it is unlawful for him to record any map, plat or subdivision of land sitiated within any incorporated city, town or village until it is approved by the proper officers of the same. In many States he is forbidden to enter a deed on the records until it has been endorsed "taxes-paid" by the proper official; he is required to exhibit, free of charge, all records, and allow copies to be made; he is authorized to administer oaths and take acknowledgments. CIRCUIT OR DISTRICT CLERK, OR CLERK OF COURT. In nearly all of the States, each county elects a "clerk of court or courts," sometimes also known as circuit clerk or district clerk, indicating the court with which the office is connected. In some of the States, as has already been stated, the office of clerk of court is merged with some other county office. This is the case in Illinois and Missouri, where in many counties it is connected with the office of county recorder. In Michigan, one official under the name of "clerk" handles the business which usually is given to the clerk of court and county clerk or auditor. Itt Wisconsin, Missouri, Illinois and other States the name used is "circuit clerk;" in Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, North Dakota and many others the office is called "clerk of district court;" while in many of the States, including Indiana, Ohio, Iowa, South Dakota and others, it is called simply "clerk" or "clerk of the court or courts." The chief duty of this official is to act s clerk of the district or circuit court, and sometimes other courts of inferior jurisdiction. It is the clerk's duty to keep the seals and attend the sessions of their respective courts, preserve all the files and papers thereof, make, keep and preserve complete records of all the proceedings and determinations thereof, and carry out such other duties as may be required by the rules and orders of their respective courts. They must enter of record all judgments, decrees and orders of the court as soot as possible after they are rendered; keep all indictments on file as a public record, have authority to administer oaths, take acknowledgments; take and certify depositions, and are required to exhibit all records free of charge. In nearly all the States the law defines the character of the record books which the clerk of court must keep. Although there is no settled rule in this matter, the general provisions are that he shall keep: First, a general docket or register of actions, in which is entered the title of each action in the order in which they are commenced, and a description of each paper filed in the cause and all proceedings therein; second, a plaintiff's index and defendant's index; third, a judgment book and execution docket, in which he enters the judgment in each action, time of issuing execution, satisfaction, etc., and such other books as the courts or the laws may prescribe. SHERIFF. In all of the States the office of sheriff is one of the most important of the county offices. The term of office varies in different States, being usually either two or four years, and in several of the States one party cannot hold the office a second term consecutively. The general provisions outlining the duties pertaining to this office are very much alike in the various States, and the following restaue of his duties ma be said to apply to all of the various States except in a few minor and unimportant details. The sheriff is charged with the duty of keeping and preserving the peace in his county; or, as has been written, "he is the conservator of peace," and it is his duty to keep the same, suppress riots, affrays, fighting, breaches of the peace and prevent crime, and may arrest offenders "on view" and cause them to be brought before the proper magistrate; and to do this, or to execute any writ, warrant, process, order or decree, he may call to his aid when necessary any person or the "power of the county." It is the duty of the sheriff to serve and execute within his county, and return, all writs, warrants, process, orders and decrees of every description that may be legally directed and delivered to him. He is a court officer, and it is his duty to attend, either in person or by deputy, all courts of record held in his county; by virtue of his office he has custody of the jail. It is his duty to pursue and apprehend felons and persons charged with crime and has custody of prisoners. He is not allowed to purchase any property exposed for sale by him as sheriff. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OR COMMISSIONER OF SCHOOLS. This is an office which exists under one name or another in nearly tevery State in the Union. The title of the office in a great majority of the States is "county superintendent," but in Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, New York, and possibly one or two other States, the office is termed "school commissioner," and in several of the States the laws provide for a board of county examiners or school commissioners, who are given considerable of the work that in most of the other States is handled by the county superintendent., The name of this office implies the duties which devolve upon it, and they are very much alike in all of the States. The incumbent of this office is charged with a general supervision over the schools of the county, and must be a fitting person as to education and moral character. As a rule it is their duty to examine and license teachers, but in a few of the States provision is made for a board of examiners. County superintendents are required to visit and inspect the schools at regular intervals, and give such advice and instruction to teachers as may be deemed necessary and proper. They are required to organize and conduct institutes for the instruction of teachers if deemed necessary, and encourage teachers' associations. They introduce to the notice of teachers and the people the best modes of instruction, the most approved plans of building and ventilating school-houses, etc., stimulate school officers to the prompt and proper discharge of their duties. They receive reports from the various school officers, and transait an abstract of these reports to the State Superintendent, adding a report of the condition of the schools under their charge. In nearly all the States they are forbidden having any interest in the sale of any school furniture, apparatus or books used in the schools. In many States they have authority to annul a teacher's certificate for proper cause, and in general to take such steps and enforce such methods as will elevate and make more efficient the schools under their control. COUNTY, PROSECUTING OR STATE'S ATTORNEY. There is a great difference between the various States in the method of handling or attending to the legal business relating to county matters or growing from county affairs. In many of the States the official who attends to this line of work is known as the "county attorney," in other States he is called the State's attorney or prosecuting or district attorney. In a few of the States they divide the State into districts embracing a number of counties, and a district attorney is elected in each district, who in some cases attends to all the legal work of the various counties, and in others he assists the county attorneys in their most important duties and prosecutions. But whatever plan may be followed in the various States, and whatever title may be given to this office, the general duties of the office are very much the same throughout all of the States. It is the duty of the county attorney to commence and prosecute all actions, suits, indictments, and prosecutions, civil and criminal, in any court of record in his county in which the "people of the State or county" may be concerned; to prosecute all forfeited bonds and recognitances, and all actions for the recovery of debts, revenues, moneys, fines, etc. accruing to his county; to commence and prosecute all actions and, proceedings brought by any county officer in his official capacity; to defend all actions and proceedings brought against his county, or against any county officer in his official capacity; to give legal opinions and advice tI tobhe county board or other county officers in relation to their official duties; to attend, if possible all preliminary examinations of criminals. When requested, he is required to attend sessions of the grand jury, examine witnesses in their presence, give legal advice and see that proper subpoenas and processes are issued; draw ap indictments and prosecute the same. The county attorney is required, when requested by the Attorney-General, to appear for the State in cases in his county in which the State is interested. The county attorney makes an annual report to his superior State officer of all the criminal cases prosecuted by him. PROBATE OR COUNTY JUDGE. The method of handling probate matters is not uniform throughout the various States. In many States the higher courts are given jurisdiction over probate matters, and in others they have created districts in which are held probate courts, whose jurisdiction extends over several counties and takes in other matters besides purely probate affairs. In a majority of the States, however, particularly the Western and Northern States, they elect a county or a probate judge, who holds court and handles the probate matters which arise within his county. The jurisdiction of these county or probate courts is not always confined extlusively to probate affairs, being frequently extended to many other matters, and they generally include such matters as apprenticeship affairs, adoptions, mtinors, etc. In some of the States they have both a county judge and a probate judge, and in these cases the jurisdiction of the latter is confined to such matters as are in line with probate affairs. In Missouri they have a probate judge, and also a county court, composed of county judges, in whom the corporate powers of the county are vested-as the official county board. In Michigan they have a probate judge and a probate register. The probate judge is generally given original jurisdiction in all matters of probate, settlement of estates of deceased persons, appointment of guardians and conservators and settlement of their accounts. They take proof of wills, direct the administration of estates, grant and revoke letters testamentary and of administration, appoint and remove guardians, etc. COUNTY SURVEYOR. This is an office which is common to nearly all of the States. It is the duty of the county surveyor to execute any survey which may be ordered by any court, or upon application of any individual or corporation, and preserve a record of the surveys made by him. Nearly all of the States provide that certain records shall be kept by the county surveyor, and provide penalties for his failure to place on record the surveys made by him. While he is the official county surveyor, yet the surveys made by him are not conclusive, but may be reviewed by any competent tribunal, and the correctness thereof may be disputed. COUNTY CORONER. This is another county office which exists in nearly all of the States. In the average county there is not much work for the coroner, but in the counties in which large cities are located the office is a very important one. In general terms it may be stated that the coroner is required to hold inquests uver the bodies of persons supposed to have met with violent or unnatural deaths. In most States he has power to impanel a jury to enquire into the cause of death; but in some of them this is not the case, and he is given power to act alone. He can subpoena witnesses; administer oaths; in certain cases provide for a decent burial, and can bind over to the proper court any person implicated in the killing of the deceased. OTHER COUNTY OFFICES. The county offices that have already been mentioned are the principal ones found in all of the States. There are, however, a few other county officials besides those mentioned which exist in many of the States, and which should be briefly mentioned in this connection. These are such offices as county physician, county assessor, county collector, county poor commissioner or superintendent of the county poor-house, master in chancery or court commissioner, county examiners, board of equalization, board of review, etc. The names of these offices imply the duties. These offices do not exist in all of the States, but in nearly every State the law provides for one or more of these county officials. COUNTY BOARD. The powers of every county as a body politic and corporate are vested in a county board. This official county board is generally termed the county "board of supervisors," or "board of commissioners," but there are some exceptions to this, like Missouri, where the county board is known as the "county court." There is considerable difference in the make-up of th county board in the various States In some it is made up of one member from each township in the county. In others the counties are divided into districts, and one member of the county board is chosen from each district. No general description of this could be given that would be accurate, as some of the States follow both of these plans. For instance, in Illinois some of the counties are governed by a board of supervisors, which is made ip of one member from each township, while other counties in the same State are governed by a board of county commissioners, consisting of three or more members, each representing districts into which the counties in question are divided. The general powers of the county board throughout all of the States is about the same, except in minor details. It represents the legislative and corporate powers of the county. One of their number is always chosen as chairman or president, and acts as the presiding officer. The county board has general charge over the affairs of the county. It is their duty to provide county offices, provide desks, stationery, books, fuel, etc.; examine, investigate and adjust claims against the county, and have general care and custody of all the real and personal estate owned by the county. At regular intervals they settle with the county treasurer; examine accounts and vouchers. They locate county roads; determine the amount of county tax, and regularly publish a statement of their proceedings; make statements of receipts, expenditures, etc.; and make all contracts, and do all other acts in relation to the property and concerns of the county necessary to exercise its corporate powers that are not specifically delegated to other county officials. TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT M tHE methoda of township government throughout the different States varies so much that it a ismpossible in this article to u treat of it more than in a general way. In many of the States the townships are not organized as bodies corporate, and in other States in some counties they may have township organization, while in other counties in the samtae State it does not exist. In cases where there is no township organization the law provides that certain county officials shall attend to the local work, or that work which in other localities as assumed by the township officials. But even where they have township organization the plan of township goverltment in the different States where it exists differs so widely that scarcely any two States may be said to be alike. About the only statements concerning the organized townships that could be made which would apply to all the States are the following: Every organized township in its corporate capacity has power to sue and be sued; to acquire by purchase, gift or devise, and hold property, both real and personal, I I for the use of its inhabitants, and again to sell and convey the saae; and to make all such contracts as may be necessary in the exercise of its powers as a toamship. In a great many of the States the township government is carried on after a plan very similar to the county and State governments, having various executive officers and a township board in which the corporate and legislative powers, of the township are vested. In other States they follow a plan which reserves to the people all corporate and legislative powers, and therefore have no need for a township board, but have various other township officers to carry out the wishes-and orders of the voters. Where this plan prevails they hold what is generally termed "town meetings," at which every legal voter of the township has a voice. At these meetings reports are had from the various township officials, and the necessary measures are adopted and directions given for carrying on the township business. Still other States combine good features from both of the plans above mentioned, and besides the other usual township officials they maintain a township board, which is given certain restricted powers, such as those of a review orat at tuditing board, but they are not vested with the complete corporate and legislative powers of-the township, this being reserved in a large measure to the voters, and all questions calling for the exercise of such authority are acted upon at the toawn meetings. In many of the States the township board just described is made up of three or more of the other township officers, who are ex-officio members of the township board, and they meet at certain times, perform the work required of them, and report to the town meetings. The principal officials in township organizations in nearly all the States are the following: "Supervisors, or trustees," "clerk," "treasurer," "assessor," "collector," "justices of the peace," "constables," "overseers, supervisors or commissioners of the highways," and "poundmasters," although as has been stated, many of the States do not have all of these officials. SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENT T HE "common school system," or, to speak with greater accuracy, the method of governing school districts, in the various States, differs widely, yet all follow in a general way one of -- two separate and clearly defined methods, being amended in minor respects to meet local conditions and ideas. All of these methods have their excellent points, and yet it has been claimed by eminent educators that no one of them is free from fault and objection, bnor has reached perfection. It will be the aim of this article to briefly explain the principal features of the several methods, but it is not possible to go into detail in the matter of giving the system of school government that is followed in each of the many States of the Union. The constitution and statutes of all the States agree, however, upon several points. They aim to provide for a thorough and efficient system of free schools, whereby all the children of the States may receive a thorough common school education; they provide that all lands, moneys anda other property donated, granted or received for school, college, seminary or university purposes, and the proceeds thereof, shall be faithfully applied to the objects stated; with two or three exceptions they provide that no appropriation shall be made or public funds applied in aid of any church or sectarian purpose, or to support or sustain any school, academy, seminary, college or university controlled or run in the interest of any church or for a sectarian purpose; and they prohibit the various school officials from holding any interest in the sale, proceeds or profits of any booklc apparatus or furniture used in the schools in which they, as officers, are interested. In many of the States they follow what may be termed the "indepent school district" method, inasmuch as each district, so far as its corporate powers are concerned, is entirely separate and independent of other districts. Where this plan is followed the boundaries of each district are clearly defined, and each district is complete within itself. They elect a full set of district officials, and exercise their corporate powers and manage their district affairs within themselves. In this plan the corporate powers of the district are usually vested in a district board, which has general charge of the interests of the district, hires teachers, and makes such contracts, and carries into effect such methods as is deemed necessary to raise the grade or aid in the efficiency of the schools. The measure of the authority given to these district boards is not the same in all the States, and in many States it is restricted, and a part of the corporate power is reserved to the people themselves, the officials being required, in all important matters, to carry out the aishes and orders of the people of the district as expressed and decided upon at the "district school meetings." Another method which is followed in many of the States may be tert-edathe 'ftowtaanship syste-ta." Ita such States the-law provides for the organization of each township for school purposes, or as one large "district," and each township, so far as its educational interests are concerned, is organized, has the necessary officials and becomes a body politic and corporate. As a general rule, where this method prevails, the townships are divided into three or more sub-districts. All of these sub-districts are a part of the whole, and the finances and general business is generally managed by a township board made up of representatives from each sub-district. This board is generally clothed with the corporate poa ers, hires teachers, provides fuel and supplies and makes all the contracts necessary to carry on the various schools in the township. As with independent districts, the powers of this board are not alike in all States where the township system prevails, for in some States their power is very much restricted, an-d is limited to certain official matters, the corporate powers and right to maake important contracts being reserved to the people, utwho decide on these questions at what are termed the school meetings. In a few of the States where they follow the township system they have no official board. This is the tas, in Indiana, where they elect a- township trustee, whose duty it is to look after all the educational interests of the township, subject to the approval of the people at the regular meetings. In most of the States where the township system prevails the law provides for the organization, under certain conditions, of sub-districts ta itindependent districts, which gives them the power to elect their own officers and act independently of the other schools in the township. In nearly all of the States one of the two general methods given above is followed, with certain changes to make the plan more efficient and satisfactory, and to better meet the desires and needs of tbepeople of the different States. Many of the States combine good features from both these systems, as sotte of the States have the township system, wherein each sub-district has its own board, and so far as controlling its own affairs is concerned, is independent of all other districts. But local conditions have in many instances made special and local provisions necessary that are different in each State-; and while there may be a vast difference in the methods followed, thuir aim is the same, and, as a whole, the various systems have accomplished the result of giving throughout the length and breadth of the Union the grandest and most efficient system of free schools that the world has ever known. CITIES AND VILLAGES Ncall of the States the laws provide for the local government of I school matters and civil authority. Intschool affairs provaaion is petuent of, the township in which they are located, both as to they may be separated from, and thus manage their affairs indecities and villages, so that when they attain a certain population made for handling the more complex educatioiaal interests of villages and cities-the school boards being made larger, and in many cases the scope of their authority is very much extended. In civil matters provision is made in all of the States for the organization of villages and cities as corporate bodies, separate and distinct from the townships, and providing for the necessary officers to carry on the affairs of the municipaity. - InI J woyrgn,., by %jeo. At. Ogle CC C.o.

Page  VII $UPPLE.E~NT V~~ I. GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS. GENERAL INFORMATION Banking and Business Methods. RELATIONS BETWEEN A BANK AND ITS CUSTOMERS. I N botiotot lift thee sn.... Itooiplt o ltpot.Tot ottoti.tha tha Whch x' t.t between the business nlen ge-!1 tonittSon tbfteatbltoeeitS......t..................... erally and the banks, edt should be guarded with jeaIous care, so that both Inay retain the full confidence of the other. Business doevlopment in t he United States h.. progressed with tocb gigantic strides that it h.. long since passed the stagi there iti' yopen pttiblttttttty..tb..i....wt g.y..to. ThoT l -t today t nt essity in the transattito of 'i and ttkng exchabgos. It h.. bee. said, and vith a great deal of truth, that in the present day the entire and s01e object and result of business is t he t r n rof cr dits o the boo ks of t he b anking houses; and that about the only use t o which money it put is io nicking.oall change or paying balances. Btitets, in the most general and comprehensive sense, is almost wholly carried on by the aid of banks with chetek., drafts nd exchange. And it will be seen what a very important part the element of onfidence plays in business life, when it it remembered that every check or draft that changes hands, itplits the confidence to the part of the party receiving and accepting it, that it will be honored at the bank -vhen presented. OPENING AN ACCOUNT I IE first step in the matter of becotting a deposittt tt d cu - tomer of a book is the ioterview with the bonker, ef~ttb tite President, or Cashier, as the catt may be. If 00 -known to the banker it is necessry for stom toe -ho s knoow. to idenotfy aod ouch for the applicant as being hontorable -I straightforward, for banks are eo pelled to be areful in this iatter as they tubsequontly must handle all the checkt, drafts and exchanges t hat the prospective custt tom r eploys tn hi. business, so that while the business of an honest man is valuable to them and is appteciated, that of a dishonest man it shunned by them as E0 element oft risk nd daogerotht same to theto os to eteoy tot elte with whom he deals. Tht idtntificttito and tefernce, however, being satisfactory tbt t tt utttoet osto.t............. pjte bo, t o ot boot, vrites his signature in a book kept for that tmaotiOO tde kn nto the breeeing and paying tellers- makes his first deposit and is Otet a full fledged customer and depositor of the bank. DEPOSITS. D EPOITS are oad. it the following t a.to t: A "Deposit Ticket" or "Deosit Blank" is ftrtihed the cuttoome, oand he enters upo. thits afull description of ill the items which he desiret entered to hi. credit, ttitg whether it to gold, siltet O0 -currency and making a separate.entry for each draft or cheek thae depotsits.1.n entering such items as drafts and check some banks require a separate entry for each itel- which will ow Ott what bank or at least what city or tow0 each draft ottbhtckttlodto.o. After having endorsed his tt ue on t tbt k of alt checks and drafts he hand the "Deposit Ticket," together with all the itoms named uPon it, and-his Pass Book, to the receitiog tellet, who examiotoe it, chetks off the various items to too that they are oil there, and.otert the total amount to the ctoetootr's credit in the "Poot Btok;" and it is also carried to his tredit froi the Deposit Ticket onto the bookt of the b ank. Thb "Deposit Ticket" It an imorttant feature of the transaction, 00d the customer is required to fill this out with ink. It bears his t and the date and is carefully preserved for future -reference by the bank to settle any dispute Or difference that tay. As oli men Ore liaolt to error the depositor, t o prevent mistaket, should always see that the amount of the deposit is correctly entered in hit book before leaving the bank. If a deposit is made whet a oustooer hat not his "Pass Book" o duplicate ticket should be ttktn, and the ouot entered properly whet next at the bank. 00 Wt'ill be seen from the above that all checks and drafts Ott entered to the credit of the customer at the time he depositt the-, the same a00 cash items. The depositot, however, is held responsi - ble for the non-p.yoet of tt checks, drafts and other Items deposited as cash until payment h.. bee. ascertained by the bank. The bank, however, moust tse due diligence in attending to the0 within a reasonable time. check o r draft is held beyond a tooatotital titot toO, meanwhilei, Ott b ot uont wtioh it it drw fails, the receiving bank would be conpelled to lose it. Whts a reasonable time, atcording to' decisions of the courts, dependt upon the circuostaoeot and varies it different caset. In cities, where they have a Clearing I-Iouse, chetks on other city banks are expected to reach th Cleatting I-ouse oon the next day tucteding the time of the deposit; but as to checks and drafts drawt upon othet or distant cities, o reasonable time must be allowed to, ther, to be presented for payment. If the bankero, however, it ngligeot ctcernoiog it, he must stand the loss. Such cases very t"iely, if eve, occur, and' it oay safely be stated that it the absence of any spetcial or unusual conditions for al items such as chetkt, drafts, otc., the banker only receives them for collection for le account of the depositor and therefore acts only as his agent and as such is charged w ith using only dute d iigence in attending to the business. DISCOUNTS, LOANS, ETC. HE word "Discount" i applied to interest when it is deducted frto the aiountat the time a l oan is mad-in otthe word., interest that is paid it advance. It is the general rule of banks in 1/aking "short time" loans to custo give credit for the tmount of the loan, less the interest. M~any busines -en fail to obtain the full benefit that a bank can give the-, through hesitancy or diffidence it asking ftroa loan; and in any instances will _botow oa tegborigtbotin oess man ood thus, ftequently embitartast him, rather than go to the banker, whose business' it it to help him through such times of need, whet possible. This is what bank0 are established for, largely, and they are always glad to "get their money out and keep it out" provided they can be reasoably sure otf its return. If an applicant is unable to furnish teasonble security, or is irrespontible ort onorothyO to 0100 otootorily to rettuted, bot to toour ing money which ht ctnoo o t t tot the tutt of, wheher i t be rotin a banker to aniothe business o nt he doet a tnjustiet the intetests of buoioest generally. H-owever, every business -an in need of financial help, whether his needs be great or little, should go to the banker firot and submit the situation, securities, etc., to him, as of alt men he is by training the best judge and advioso in such matters. He may be compelled to decline to give the required aid, but this refusal should 0eve be taken as a personal mattet, at it must be rememibered that he hat other inter estt to serve and depositors, stockholders and directors to protect before following his own personal desires. COLLECTIONS. le g notes o o ther items for collection the customer writes on the back of each the words: -For Collection for Account of," and places his signature below It. Upon receipt of this, the proper officer or clerk of the bank, will enter the items either it the back of the customer's "pass book" or, give a sparate receipt as; the case -ay be. When the bank receives payment 00 the items the tuotomer is notified and the amut sentered to his credit both on his Pass Book and on the books of the bank the same as any other deposit. A bank in 'receivi0g paper for collection acts 0ly as the agent of the customer tod doto not 00sum0e any responsibility beyond due diligence on its part. lii banko make ctolletions eithei or out of the city where they are Iocted for their customers at very moderate rates. These items shou d always be left at the bank before they become 1 e. 00as to give thie ban ti to giye an abundant notice to the pattieo. If Ott ustotoert desttot to toke 0 "ight"o r "tft dr.... upon a debtor, u pon application to POk will furnish him 0WIt0 blank drafts. STATEMENTS AND BALANCES. AtW words concerning stttements and balances Xvill not be ttappropriate i1 this connection. Every customer of a 0bnk should always aid without fail,.onc in each month, have hi., "P... Book" balanced by the banker. This rule.h.,-,Id.......... bbto Polsoto crt..... and avoid l oss and complicationt. Th0 amount ofObtpoitti up and a balance to struck by deducting the total mount of the customIer's checks which the bank has either paid or "accepted" (certified) during the month. The canoctlld checks tre returned to the tomor. If any ottor is discverde 10 hbootd obe reported immediately to the bank so thatit 1 ay be investigated and rectified. NEGOTIABLE PAPER. *ROBABLY the greatest factor to the Business world of today is "Negotiable Paper," without which it it not probable that btsinoss developtmet could have assumed the vast prtportion that it has reached in Amtrito; and without which the business of the civilized world could not be carried to. Thios term icludes a variety of instruments, such as promissory notetchetks, draftt and bills of exchange. The b ill of exchange io O.- of the oldest forts of oegotitble paper, and has been oin "s for a o mbe of centuries. Th. draft and check came into u.. at a much ater day, and the p rtom otisso r noteo potatively receot inventioo, and has very largely taken Oht plcom of the bill of exchange as it twas used it fortter tites. Themost important attribute of proi-ssory notes, billt of exchange, and other instrument s of tihe same class, which distinguish them froom ail othe otrtst is their.egotiability. Thio 011s its o totirely distinct elements or brnchesfirst, the power of transferring the paper fro- too owno, to another, to that the assignee ohall 011me a complete title, and be blh t to s te o it; tecotd, the effect uont the right. of the parties produced by such a transfer whto oade before oaturity, itO the tegttat tooto of busoiess, for _ onosidertito to a purchaser it good faith, and w ithout otite of any defect or d0f0001, whereby oll defenses of the boaker (with few etoptitoo) are cut off, and the holder beconoes absolutely entitled to recover; A written odet or e ptomise ma y be perfectly valid as 0 cotact; but it will ot be negotiable unless certa in requisites are comtpliod with. The foliowing requisites are indiospesble: It ust be written; noIto 0be signed; it must be absolute, not dept doitg 0po0 0y contingency; it must be to pay m00ey in o certain amount capable oie.bog certain by cotputation; the time of payoent must be certain or such at will become certt in; but when 00 time is expressed the law iomplies that payment is due iotediatoly; and lastly, the order or promise oust be atcomipotted by words of negottability th tt is, payable to a certain payee'. o-dot or to bearer. PROMISSORY NOTES. CCOR1DING to the general "law merchant," unaffected by statute, a promissory note is the written promise of apoertoo, called the "maker," to pay 0 certain sum of money at a certain time to a designated per.o. termed the "payee" or to hi. order or bearer. It must h.t. all the requisites that have beeo mncotiooed for oegotiable paper, othebtose, if it fails in any of these matters it becomtes a contract, as it thus loset the eletent of egotiability. Contractt -ay be perfectly valid without all of these requisites, but they do not posse01 the peculiar qualities which belong to prtoissoryot 0tes. It it customary it all promissory note. to write the words "value received' but this it not absolutely essential, a. o consideratio n 0 1d value It implied in every note, draft, check, bill of exchange or endorsement. It is the common law of both EBgland ond this cointry that o0 promise can be entforced 0n0less made for O consideration or saled, but negottiable instruments as a rule are a0 exteption to this. Between the original parttet a want of coosideration can be p leade d a defense and would operate to defeat a trecovery. It would have the sa0e effect as between a. endorser and hit todorsee, but this only applies to immtediate parties or to those who had notice of the defense or beca01e holders of the paper after maturity. It may be stated as a. almost invartable rule that no defense will operate to defeat the recovery if the paper has bee. negotiated and passed into the hands of a. tinoocent purchaser, It the regular course of busioess, before maturity and for value. The absen c of any of these elements, however, will allow dofens to be set toanod will defeaoo toveoytooe.lo tho t.ods of.tt.d potties if it too to sho.. Ot.t bthetoats either: a, want of onsideration, that it waoobtained by duress, or fraud or circumventi.o, or larceny; or that the consideration was illegal. In order to cut off these defenses ond give the holder the absolute right to recover, alt of the conditions named must be fulfilled. If he purchases the note even one day after it becomes due it is then subject to any defense or set off which the maker may have against the original payee. "Dn n of payment for a note must be made at the place.... efmotn otftt oticoetood 0000 where it ts payable at the time of maturity; if not paid 000100 must immediately be give1 to the endorsert, otherwise, in a m-. jority of the State0, all endorsements that are not qualified will be released. If a note is not dated it w ill not defeat it, but will be considered as dated when it was made; but a written date is pit foaoie evidence of the time of makiog. When a note falls due on Sunday, or o legal holiday, it becomes payable the day previous. If a su is wtitten a t length in the body and also in figures at the corner the written words control it. It destroyt the negotiability of a note to write to the body of it any conditions or contingencies. A valuable cnsideratiton is o t alwa 00 0o0ey. It may be either 00y gain ot advantage to the protisor, or injury sustained by the promisee at the promisor's request. A previous debt, or a fluctuating balance, or a debt due from a third persoo, might be a valuable consideration. So is a moral consideration, if founded upon 0 prevous legal consideration at, where one promises to pay a debt that it barred by limitation or by infancy. But 0 merely moral consideration as one founded upon natural love and affection is o legal conio Ideration. No consideration is sufficient in law if it be illegal tn its oatuoe, or if distinctly opposed t o public policy. If a note is payable at a bank it it only necessary to have the note at the bank at the stipulated time to constitute a suffitent dema0d; and if there ae 0o funds there to meet it, this is tufficienit refusal. DAYS OF GRAkCE.fI- a great 0any States three "Days of Grace," a0 th Ottoermed, are allowed on oegotiable instrutnents beyond the date set for patyoent. Thit i not the universal rule, however, as the tendency of late years hat been toward doing away with this custot, and a number of States have already p....0 1o. aboltohiog Ott "DH.o ot G.tto.. Whott Ott tolo t. 1 effect, however, and it ioo t specifically waived in the tment tho payor io entitled to three days as fully as though it were so stipulated, and the holder cannot enforce collection until the expiration of three days after the date set for payment. BILLS OF EXCHANGE. HE "bill of exchange" to an open letter t oorder whereby one person requesto another to pay 0 third party (or order or bearer) a certain fixed sum of money. They are of two kindo, the I00nd and Foreign bill. the narnes of Which itply the difference between them, Othree partties to the bill are talled the Drawer, Drawee and Payee. The bill musit be presented totohe Drawee and if he agreet to obey the order. he "accepts" the bill by writing the w0d "accepted" across its face and 01g0s his name below it —and thus becomes the "Acceptor." The instrument is usually made negotiable tO the pay0 0an0 t ptosftr it to others by endorsement, which method of ttrtsfer 0ay go o0 indefinitely. Th. following is a common form of an i1na1d bill of exchange: B3ILIL OF EXCUIAWNGE. s C BI CAO, IOt., Juoe 1, 1894. Sixty days after sight pay to Jo00 Sims, or order, Sit Huodttd Dollars, od charge same to my account. TO HENoRY HOLT & Co., dooto Dot, Boston, Mass. CHECKS. A C-ICIC on a bank is one form of "Inlood Bill of toxchange," bPt there is 0o01e slight differetc i1 the liability of the parties to it. A chtck requiresto 00c0p00ne, as a bank Is bound to pay the cheeks of its depositors while still in possession of their funds, aOd the drawer of a check having funds on deposit hto an action for damage for refusal to honor hit check, under such circumstances, o0 the ground of a0 implied obligation to pay checks according to the usual ouote of bosiness. Checks att usually drawn payable immediately, but they oay be made payable at a future day, and in this case their resemblance to 0 bill of exchange is very close. As stated, o check requires 00 tcceptance, so far as payment o r liability of the drawer it concrned, but it cretoes 0o obligation against a bank in faoo of tt holder 0nt01 aeptanc. W0hen accepted 0y t bank tho word "Accepted' ti stanmped on its facbt with the signatue of the banker. It it thet '0id to be certified and thereafter the bank Is liable to the holder. As 1on 00 the check to "certified" the omount charged against the accouot of the "drawtot" the osame as if paid, ad it t/Ownoidetod plid t.. lt as Ith "drt...." it con...... OTt dtot of 00c0eck is not a surety in the same 000s0 a0 is the drawer of a bill of exchange, but is the principal debtor like the maker of a ote. Hle canot complati of any delay in tho presentment, for it to an absolute appropriation to the h older of so much oo ne.y, in the hand of the bank, and there it may lie at the holder't pleasure. The delay, however, is at the holder's risk, and if the bank should fail after he could have got hib money the loss is his. If, before he presento the check, the bank payt out oil the mooey of the drawer, thet he oay look to the drawero for payment. If the holder of a check transfers it to another he has the right to expect that it tolt be presented for payment within 0 reasonable time. I-He has the right to expect that it will eithbt tpreooted tho next dot or otwoted It thepo010 00 wtich itisdrw. Ift is hel d beyond a re nble time and loss is occasioned thereby, the party respoosible for the delay must bear the loss. If a bank pays a forged check it is so far itt ow loss that it cannot charge the money to the depositor whose name was forged. BOut it it entitled to recover the money frot the party who presented it. If it pay a check of which the amount has bee. fosely and fraudulently increased, it ca. charge the drawer o nly with the originol ao unt, prov ided the drawer hi-self has not caused or facilitated the forgery by carelessly writing it or leaving it i such hands as to make the forgery o to io easy. In some of the State0 the Supreme Court has decided in cases where checks were "raised" that the drawer must bear the loss as they had failed to take resnbe p ecautito to prevent it. Perforatig aod 00ttig machines tre to the market which make it alkt ost impossible to raise or olter the mounto so as to avoid detection, and the tendency of the decisions is to regard the tit Of these 00 bonly o retoooobe p-eeautloo on the part of check drawers to save their bank fron trouble and l oss. S ome, however, adopt the plan of writiog the oloont io red ink cr.o. their ti gnature. If many persons, tot partnert, join in a deposit they must join it a check. If 0 payee'0 name is misspelled or wrong i0 a check, the -usua plan it to endorse it firt 1exactly as it appears and the sign the nam correctly. There is no settled rule as to how checks should be drawt. 1u nearly ott the cities it is at almost invariable rule to make thetm payable "to otder" so a0 to require the endorsement of the payee; but in smaller towns many check drawers make them payable "to bearer," to which cato they require no 0ndorsement, and if lost or stole. 0ay cause loss-as whoever presents such a check at the bank is entitled to payment. DRAFTS. DRAFOT s a fort of an "inland bill of etcha0ge." The two forms of bills of exchange called "draftt" are the bank draft (or exchange) and the "sight or time draft." The bank draft is, to oI1 intento and purposes, the same a. 0 check, but the term is usually applied to "cheeks" dOatn by one bank up.o funds which it n0ay h-. in somet other bank,.termed its o"orrespondent." A draft is but very eldom made payable to bearer, it being almost an invariable rule to make thet payable to a certain payee 0 oorder. They ore negotiable 00d can be transferred indefinitely by endorsement. If a draft is lost or stole., by applyig to the bank that 1ssued it, the payment ca0 be 0topped, and ofter the expiration of thirty day0 a duplicate will be issued. Tht 'Sight Drafto' or "Tim '0110ft," it which case it reads to pay after a certain nlumber of days, is a very 0ommon method of making otletiooo to-doy by creditors,.ttd it ottoes the double purpose of being an order to pay to o bank or third party,- and is also a receipt to the debtor. It it simple in ito wording, the following being a general form: $10 0 0 0 CICAGO, June 1, 1894. At sight (or so n-ay days, after sight a. the case may be) pay to the order of o Bank One T housand Dollars yd charge 000100ac00nt. JOHN Smls. to GEo. Sims, NW YOtto, N. Y. ENDORSEMENTS. HE signature of any payee or holder on the back of any check, draft, note, bill of exchange or other negotiable itpstromeot is termed his "endorsement." It simply means the placing of the tnoe of the holder, or payee, on the back of the instrument, thus indicating that, for a conoidertion, he ha0 relinquished his title to it, and to the absence of any condition or qualification expreosd it the todorsoement, it implies that the epdotoer will ot that the instrument to paid to ttse it is not takeo up by the maker or payo'0 Where the instrument is tade payable to "bearer," a0 t o "John Sims or bearer," no endorsement it necessary to pass the title-it p000es with delivery and 00y holder may collect or s te pon it the sa as if he weret the payee named therein. to a case of this kind if any holder endotres the instrument, the law is construed strictly against hiO, and, as it was not eoessory for him to e000dor to pass title, the law presumes in the absence of a positive qualification that his endortsement wtt made fo- the purose- of indicating that he would pay it if the payer failed to do so. Where several payees are named tte ithnstrument it must bear the endorsement of ott of them to pass the title and make one transfer of it. In this case, however, their liability as endorsers is joint, not several. But where two or more holders endorse one after the other in making a transfer from one to the other their liability is several, not joint. Every check, draft, bill of ethaogo, noto or other negotiable instrument which is -ad0 payable to a certain "payee or order" must bear the endorsement of the party named, to ptoo e he title, and even It case0 where they are made payable to "bearer" it is generally customary for the party to whom 0 transfer it made to require the persoo frott whom he secures it to place his endorsemnent thereon. There are several kindo of endorsemenot which should be ment00ned in this connection. The first is the "blank endorsement," or "endorsement in blank," it mokiotg which the payee simply ploces his signatoure o the back of the instrument, without condition or qualification of any kind. This passes the t itle t o the instruocut, and, f-o that tite ot, it becomes payable to bearer, and the title passes with delivery, until sote subsequent holder sees fit to limit by making it payable to some other payee, or ploces somo other qualification or condition in the endorsement. When oa negotiable instruoent bearing a "blank endorsement" hab once beeo put into circulation, 00y subsequent holder of it hab the right to limit or restrict it by writing the conditions over his own endorsetotent., o, by writing over the endotto.tot.t of the original poayee, wotrds o i0 pyable to ti-........ ott 0s00 othr potty, "op otdet." OToi p01n0 has beeP decided by the supreme courts of severa~l of the States. Tht endotrsenett 0ay be restricted or qualified in a number of wayH. One, which it oalled o "full endotrsteet," is ve00y it the business world. It it simply the act of the payee namned making it payable to some other certain payee or order. To do this, the endotoer writes on the back of the instrument, the diaturection., ai ty t doeo S010., 00 ordtr,"..toO ploto hio ottotoe boloto it. OTto Otto ot 11limi1 his liability as an endorseo. but the title to ohe instrument n1ust thereafter pass through Joht Sims, and it must bear his endorseent before it will be paid o honore.d. I I tootYottof 1000, 00 000, A, otOhO & 00. COPYRIGHT 1910, BY C;E:O, A. OGL-E: & CO.

Page  VIII 'I SUPPLEMENT Vill. _ _ _ _ _L _ _L_ _ _ I _ sl _ __ _ __ _ _ I I __I _ _I _L __ I - - ' -- - GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS. - L I ---- Another com itt form of lititing the -ttttttt-tt is to enable the payee (wh.. it is made payable to hi..,de,) to t-.fsfe, hi. title to the instrument without becoming -.p...ible foi its payiiit, and making the party to d hti it is thtisft-tid ititi Pith responsibility concerning payment. To do this the e"A.- writeP the words "Without Recoursee tver hit tig.t t-e, which has the effect of heliti ithig his title without tukipg him liable to the holder in case the payi t fails to take it up. At tthe, tethpd of limiting the endorsement is to make it coid pitt-it. A, t good illtutitiuu of which is the followitig: i Pay to John Sims or ohut, upon his delivering to the First National Bank a harranty deed to lot 5, block 4, etc.,t below which the enW iid places hi. ig ttuite. Ie tt iIs. make it payhble to "A. 1t. -ly,hd or in equivalent words, it which case "A. B.i cannot endorse it over. In fact, the endorser hash the power to limit his eido-tetit ahe sees fit, and either to lessi n or i ---lti hi. liability, stch at either "waiving notic. of dem..d;" -aking his endorsement. "general and special guaranty of payment" to all future holders, etc., but he cannot, by his endorsement, either it- tias i or lessithe liability of uiy other endorser on the instrument. tit- itt-ir, Pit uttle, is entitled to immediate.ttiuuihi case the payur falth to pay. This is the uase i tearly all of the United Stateu, as it hAt beet i rule of the "I,,- ii-ti t" for many yeait. A ft w modificationt, however, of the general "It- metchant" have bee. mad. by statute in sev-eral of the State.,,FlatIng to negotiable paper, in changing the enosrsliability by rendering his contract absolute instead of cohditiu.. 1, making notice guut. Autry it-ttt he suffers damage through want of it, ht requiring a judgment to be first recovered before he can be held. In the absence, however, of tutttry provisions of this kind, itthey exist only in u few of the States, it -ay be said that to hold endorsert they must have prompt itt-tipe of d-piymeit, and it may -be said to be. gcn-.aa rule of the "la- merchant" that d~ll parties to negotiable paper as eudoti-ts who -re entitled to notice are discharged by want of notici. The demand, notice and protest may be made according to the law- of the place where payable. The term Proteii is applied to the official act by an authorized per-on (actually a Notary Public), whereby he afflrmm - a formal or prescribed ianner in writing that a c-rtahi bill, draft, check or other negotiable paper h.. bee. presented for acceptance or payment, as the case may be, and been refused. This, and the notice of the "Protest," which must be sent to.11..do-srs and parties to the paper is to notify the- officially of its failure. GUTARANTY. h GUARANTOR" is one who is bound to another for the i uhird party. This kind of iontraict is very common. tccording to the "statute of fut-udhi it must be i. writing, and unless it is a sealed iiist ument there must be a consideration to support it. As a rule it is not negotiable, so as to be enforced by the transferee as if it had been give. to him by the guarantor, but this depends upon the wording, as, if it cohtaiut-i h the chiracteristici of a note, payable to order or beari, it will be held negotiable. A conptruct of guaranty is construed tiuitly, and if the liability of the principal be materially varied by the act of the' party guaranteed, without the consent of theguarantor, the i-utrantor is discharged. The guarantor is %it - discharged if the litbilIty or obligation is eenewed, or extended by I.- or othe-wise, unless h. in writing renewu the contract. In the case of a bank Incorporated for twenty years, which was renewed for t- - years more without change of officers, the courts held that the original sureties could not be held after the first term. The guaranty caan be enforced eve. though the original debt c...ot, a. is the case I. becoming surety for the debt of a minor. A guarantor who pays the debt of the principal is entitled to de-i i-ud from the creditor all the securitieshe holds, or of the note or bond on which declares the debt; and, in some States, the credItor cannot fall back upti the guarantor until he hat cut ecttdmuch as possible from thd..t P tliurities and exhausted legal umedie. against the iprincipal. If the debt or hitugatio- be first incurred and completed hefore the guaranty is givet, there must be a new consideration or the guaranty is olid. A guaranty is not binding urnles. the guarantor ha. notice of Its..-eptaiice, but the law presumes this acceptance when the offer of guaranty and actd of the party to whoi it it giveh, such as delivery of goods or extending credit are simultaneous. But an offer to guarantee - future dPtdtit- does utt bind the offerer unless he ha. such notice of the acceptance as will afford him re.d.iable opportunity to make himself safe. A creditor -ay give his debtor some indulgence or accommodation without discharging the guarantor, unless it should have the effect of prejudicing the interests of the guarantor, it which case he would be released. Generally " guarantor may, at any time, pay a debt and so, at once, have the right to proceed against the debtor. Where there h.. been failure.. the part of the principal and the guarantor Is looked to, he must have reasonable notice —and notice is deemed reasonable if it prevents the guarantor from suffhrii g fro. the delay' It is, in many cases, difficult to say-iand upon it restPthe queth tio. of legal liability —wheth-r the promi.. of one to pay for goods delivered to another is ai original proidu, at to pay for one'i own goodu, Hn which case it need not be i- writing; or i promise to pay the debt or guti t ty the promise of hii to whod the goods are delivered, in which case it must be in writing. The ituesti. generally resolve itself into this: To whom did the seller give and was authoiPiled to give credit? This is a question of fact and not of law. If the books of the seller show that he charged them to the party to whom he delivered them, it is almost impossible for him to hold the other party for it, but if on the other hand it I shown that he regardded the goods as being sold to the party whom it ut desired to hold, but delivered them to another party and it is so shown oi his book., it i. tht regarded at t guaranty, but a. original or collateral promise, and would make the darty liable. In general a guarantor of t bill or uite is t.t entitled to such strict and eiutct notice as an endorser is entitled to, but only such notice -. shall save hini from actual loss, a. h. an not make the want of h itiei hit difet.. unless he can thow that it was unreasonably withheld and that he suffered thereby. There is. marked difference g i the effect of t guaranty of the ",iyient," or of the "collection" of d debt. In the first case, the creditor can look to the guarantor at any time; d i the latter, the creditor must exhaust his legal remedie. for collecting it. ACCOMMODATION OF PAPER. or maker has received no consideration, but has lent his Ananie and credit to accommodate the drawer, payee or holder. He is bound to.11 other parties just as completely as if there were a good consideration, for, if this was not the case, it would be of no value to the party accommodated. He is 'not allowed to set up want of consideration as a defense as against any holder for value. But he is not bound to the party whom he thus accommodated, no matter how the instrument may be drawn. IDENTIFICATION. to a banker carries with it no liability on the part of the T p.,ty who thus performs it, unless it can be shown there was fraud or collusion. Customers of banks are frequently asked to identify and make known to their w.n bankers, str~angers who desire check. or drafts cashed or other accommodations. In some cases a mere introducti.. is.11 that is necessary, but only because the bank.,:relies up.. the honor and integrity of his customer, knowing that a. improper person would not be introduced, for in a case of this kind the bank assumes all the risk. Genei-ally speaking, however, it is an almost invariable rule with bankers, as it should be, to require their customer to endorse.11 drafts or checks which are honored for the stranger. In this case the endo-ser become. personally liable to the bank if any or all of the drafts or checks prove worthless. An endorsement which is frequently made by parties who are asked to identify others is to merely indicate that they know the pi-ty to be thu payee antd in the check or that the tiutthu-tit the payee or party is correct. This ii dtiP by writing the wordt "Signature P. IC." under the party'p uiti and sigti g it. This has the effect of guaranteeing that the party'. — o is -s written td that it is his proper p igntg urep It does t t gi-atut that the check or draft is good or pii be paid, hut merely as i'pt-ithd, that the -igutut- i correct and the tuiy liability asut-ed it that he will pay the amount ii case the -uuiutut- prot-u a forigery. Many bankii, however, iill not -Ept -apets endorsed this t ay and j-uty so, for it throws upon them the burden of the fork. RECEIPTS AND RELEASES. A NY icktowledgtent that u -ut of -o-tu hit been paid isia eu-ipt. A receipt thich reads "ii full" though adA ittid to be strong evidence is by.itt legally tutuut-i. If the party -it-lu- it titu.how an -uu- or itistuku, it will be admitted in hii fitut. ReP-ipts for t-t-y will be held open to euuut-titut and the party hPuditg it must bhidi the resuits of "ch e.-iiatitn —the great aih, of the law being to administli strict j-utle.luA receipt -ay be of different degiees of ittne-, -3 the word `Piaid" or "ReP-ivd Payment- pritt- i ahbill. A 'u-uitlttis simplyt u for- of receipt, but is t-u bindlug upon the parties, iii utp as, if properly drawn, utider se-t, for a, consideration, it is a ecnipletc defense to any action based tut thu debts or claims s released. terein, releat-u differ from tecetpts. A release is ht the tatuie of a written - t tru-it and therefore cannot be controlled or contradicted by evidence, unless In the ground of fraud. But if its words are ambiguous, or iay have either two or more nie..ings, -vidence is receivable to determ-ie the meii iig. INFANTS AND MINORS. T incapacity of a pert-u to make t valid contract -ay.rise from -e-1ra cause.,..d the fact of be ing ai, inf..t, it-r minor, is tue of thi-. The general rule of law tip be stated as being that the contract of an infant or i-iio is not ultupt uoid, but Is voidable, and in tuuy cases special ie-pti..i is made, giving validity to their contracts for -ecessaPite. Pp being voidable but t tuid in themselves, means that the inf.t hi' the right to disavow and -u-t1 the contract, either buf... or within a u uu tuble time ufteu he reaches his majority. Ne tay do this by word iiuy, bit a mere acknowledgment that the debt existh i unot enough, and it must be substantially a iew Promise. AGENCY. T PERE are a few well-settled and itutit tt rulet of law governing the matutu of agents and agency, phich every tbutiuess man shoutld understand thut-uughtly. Th. uelutit of principal and agent impliestat u the principal act- by and through the agent. A principal is respoible for the -its of the ugent only whei hi has actually givet full authority to thu agent, or when hi has by his wp-ds, or his acts, or both, caused or uuuttttud iii puieerson with t the agent deal to believe him clothud with this authority. This is u point which is..t always thoroughly understood, hut it is u well-settled principle of law. There are two kind f agents-u uiuerul and special. A general agent it one authuriuid to represent his principal in uP1 hit business, or in all hit business of u particular kind, tut hut power is limited by the u.u.0 scope utd character of the business hi it empowered to tiuuttct. If h.uiu given out a. the general agent, the u rincipal is bound, even if the agent transcends his actual authoritt g but does not go beyond the natural and usual scope of the business. Out the other hand, a special agent is one authorized to do only a specific thing, or a few specified things, or a pueciftid line of work. If this special agent exceedt his authority, it uay bettated as an hImot t invariablh ruletthat u the principal is not bound, because the party dealing with the agent must inquire for hi-self and at his own peril, into the extent and limitt of the authority given to the agent. Especially I. this the ease where the party knew that the agent hid beeP or was engaged hu attending to a particular and specified litu of work connected with the bP.in..t of the principal. The party, however, is not bound by any special reservations or limitations tadu tucretly by the principal of which hi hid uu reasonable or easy meanu of having huitie. The authority of a. agent -ay be givet by the principal, by writing or ut-u, or may be implied tuut certain acts. Thuu, if. perso. iuts hit goods into the custody of another whose business it is to sell such good., he authorittes the thole world to believe that thit i-u'ti has them for i ale; and any person buyiug them honestly, in this belief, would hold them. If tut, knowing that another had acted it his agent,u diei ut tisavow the authority as soon as he conveniently tutu, but lies by and per-its a person to go and deal with the supposed agent, or lose an opportunity of indemnifying himself, this is an adoption and confirmation of the acts of the agent. A principal is bound by the acts of an agent even after the revocation of his agency, if such revocation has not been made public or it unknown to the party dealing with the agent. An age Pi - generally be held personally liable if he transcends hit authority; but this it not the tuu if the party with whom hh dealt, knew that the authority was transcended. ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF BANKING. N general, banki may be said to be credit iititutut ns or dealers it credit.h thu Jay Kntx tutu thud tutu 'ti, xuchanges of the -odet- world are bitte-, effcctud by the indirett gt-cy of the credit system, and bankt.td bankers are the machinery by which this it done." Metallic titey p d its represei- tutivt, ith- circulating totu, ure tly the tilt change of "Trade" eiplo-ted i the iettlein-t of balances and small purchases and iayments. This fact is illustrated by the operationu of the New York clearing htusi. The exchanges have beeP about 800,000 millionu of dollars during the past thirty yearp, while the balances paid in money have only beeu dbout 36,000 uilliuti, or about 4 per uent. of the._ou"t of the settlement.. It has always beut claimed that the business of banking origitutud with the Venetian u iuey changeru who displayed their ti-u and moneys on the ttr-ets and thus supplied those ii uttd of change. A-uu-ding to the utst eminent authorities the earliest banking i"tituti-u in Europe tas the Bank of Venice, which was founded in 1172, and was based hton a forced loan of the governm..t. Fund. deposited 1. it could be transferred to other... the books of the bank at the pleasure. f the owner, but they could not bi gwithdu-ut. The perpetual aut.tiute of the British debt are haitled iu f very similar mtutu at the present day. The Bank of t nice -tiu cottiuttd uttil 1797. In 1401, the Bank of Barcelona tas formed. At i period much earlier than this, the Jewish moneydealert htd invented what was known as "foreign billt of exchanue Put it is said that thii bank was the first institution that made. busiic'. of negotiating and handling the-. The Bank of Go... comme,,ced op-.atio. I. 1407 and for centuries was one of the principal banks of Europe. It was the first to issue circulating notes —hich were passed..ly by cndorsement, not being payable to bearen. T!h' Bank of IIamb.,g, established In 1619, was a bank of both deposit.nd c-rulatio. based on flne silver bar.. This bank, like nearly ii1 of that early time, hid, as a principal object, the pt-tectiittif the people froi worn, -etttt d, clipped uud plugged coiiu, or coins of certain empiret that twere reduced i. standard value. The t-umedy gunerally adopted -s to uIuk up the debased and deprei-ted coins and circulate the credit granted for them. Various other banks sprang into existence throughout Europe, many of them being powerful government itut-ut, and in many cast s eututed a uide influence in shaping the distuiiet of empiret. Iu 1694 the Bank of Pugutud tus established, and there is no bankintg institution in the world h t- ual to it in the management of national finances. The Bank of ]France was authoried in 1800. It is not a fiscal agent of the government as is that of England. It does not collect or disburse the revenuet of the exchetuerd but it lendu to it largely, while it. credit., in the form of circulating notes and other acceptances, have borne the government safely through extraordinary nieed.. It is claimed that the first orgaihled bank in the United States had its origin i i the formation of a banking company without charter June 1tth, 1780, by the uitihuut of Philadutphit, and first action by COut-t-s was takei June 22, of the tutu year, it refertutu to this proposed -uuociatiou. Two years afterward a "perputuutl charter" was granted to the Bank of North Atuupic at Philadelphia. It. 174 the State of Mttsachusitts incorporated the Massachusetts Bank. The Bank of New York was chart-red in March, 1791, although it had bePt doing buiutesi since 1t84, under article of aspu u iatiu drawt by Alet.i.tdeitHtilto. Most of these inPtitutio-s are still r.u..iig and have bee g converted into atii. P b-kuu. The Bank of the United State- was ougaui ted in 1791. The -ost of the stock was owned by the United States Govert-t t but late- the GPutuu-t-ttt interest was disposed of, tud in 1843 the bank failed. State banks were organiuued rapidly, and private banking firms sprang into existence and the bu tuu i of banking assumed itutttui p-oporti..s. Ii 1i63, the NuTTIONAuI BAtu SiPSTM was adopted tud hu 1864 the National PdPk But-au of the Treasury Depurtuittt was ougat iiid the chief officer of which it the comptroller of the currency. In March, 1865, it act was passed providing for. tmi per cet. tax it noteu of itty pei-oi. State bank issued for eiculutiii, and making a. ttuuptiut of National banks. This had the effect of taxiug the Siate bank u iruulatiu t out of existence. A. the National banking tystem ha. provei one of the most iffeicit utd satisfactory timth-ds the world hit ever knowt, it will be of interest to review here some of its principal featureu UPdet this act Nati-al banks may be u-tuitud by any mut-hut- of persons..t less th.i five. Not less thai ite-thitd of the capital u-ut ut be litv-ttud in United State. bondh, up.u which circulating notes -ay be isstud utual to 90 per cent. of the par value of the bonds. These irct-utlutg notes are receitabl at par in the United States in all payment. except for dutiet on import., interest it the public debt..d it -ideiptiiu of the uatiotal currency. The National banks are retuired to keep a certaiu reserve; they are athiuttied to l t i money at the rate of interest allowed in the t-iou stuteui-whet no rate tI fixed by the laws of the State, the banks tay charge 7 per putt. Shareholdert are held individually liable, equably u-d attbly, for.11 debti of the associatiiu to the ii titt of the amount of their stock, in addition to the amount invested therein. The banks are required, before the declaration of a dividend, to carry oine-tenth part of th~eir net profits of the preceding half yeat to a surplus fund until the same shall amount to 20 per cetnt. of the capital; and losses and bad debt. must be deducted from uet profit. before any dividend is declared. A receivei -ay be appointed by the uttupt-oller to close up under hi. supervision the affairs of any national ba,,k-which shall fall to keep good its lawful money reserve or which tay become insolvent. While the- have beePut utioial bank failurett, there has t-ever been any loss to the people whatever on the ciueulatioi. A suit may be brought for forfeiture of the charter of a bank if the director. shall knowingly violate the law; and in such caset they may be held liable in their individual capacity. There are other restrictions in the 1 tw-.uch ast 'for instance, the prohibition against uuaigp to any t te b. t-tower of more theu te per centi of the capital; or thu holding of an real estate except such as is required for banking purposes, or the granting of loant ti-p the security of the bank stock. The national bank calculatio. has bee. gradually growing, less during the past tei yeart-, it the United Statet bondt available are quoted so high above par and the rate of interest it low that there is but little profit to the banks in it. All of the Statet have lawu hegulti i State tank- and providing cettuit restrictittl, but as the laws of the various States are not alike it t - i-possible to give a general dtu, hptit- of the matter that would apply to all the States. The laws, however, provide for and require State banks to hold a certain i esetve, and at regular intervals they make full statements as to their condition utd their affairt- are examined i.to by certain State officials at t-eqittutt intervals. The lawt of all thu Statet have reached a high degree of perfection ii the method of regulating and overseeing State banks, and the almost universal tsoundness and reliability of these instittutions reflect credit upon the laws under which they exist. CLEARING HOUSE. T HE Clethit —Hiout it the place where the eitchanges of thi the bank. are t.de hu all the principal cities of the world. TTh. clearing-house system was first established 1. L..do. about the begi-htig of the present century. It was first introdtced into this country by the banks of the city of New York.,ganiziig an asutiuti-fi, uidet the a-ti of the New York Clearing-touse, whith commenced operations Oct. 11, 1853. At that time it consisted of fifty-two banks, but five of them were sooH closed iuse of inabiltu titytomeetits requirements. Clearing uIes have since been established in nearly all of the principa'l cities of the continent. In all cities a bank receives large amounts of bills and checks Pither banks, so that at the close of each day's busit- every bank has, I. its drawers, various sums thus due it by other banks. It is, it like manner, itself the debtor of other banks, which have during the itthv received its - ills and checks drawn-ytt P hit. Prior to the establishment of the clearing house it was necessary for t,h ut-i it tt iii up its account with every other bankt and to end its porter or agent to present the bills and checks Ne A-lved to the debtor bank. for payment. The balances were adjuPted by paymentl in gold, which became so laborious, dangerous allu. complicated that the balances were settled only weekly I.stead h f daily-.i plan that resulted in great risk and evil. This was obviated by the i ieaiuug-houte system, through which the settlements are so simultaneously and qluickly e~ffected that 1. New iork the trt iactioni in ite single day hut- altuted to over $30 0,0i00,000, ii adjusting uwhich the exchanges weit settled t, the space of an hour. tt-tde.ti.tkng -ktist.iountihf work, bookkeeping tud expense, it enabled the bank. by utited tid tiiuuugthtn each other in timeh of excitement and financial paniti The following it the manner in which the settlements are made in abo h.llth clearing-hoi,-s of this co..try: The clear tig-room is provided with a coutiuious line of deutks, one for each bank that is - member of the association, each deuik betting the huhe and number of the bank. Each bank is rep-esented every -ornlng, at the hour fixed for settlement, by two cI, 'E!,s, -ne. -eenger who buiutt- with hii the checks, drafts, etc., that hit bank hit received during the day previous upon the other baiks-i-illed the "ett changes," and th... are a... led for each bank and placed in e.ihupeui. uu the outside of each envtlope is a slip on which are listedt tiu-tut'd ii the various items which it containi. The mest-ng-. takei theig place. in t line outside the.k- or desks, each tptuIte the desk assigned to hi. bank, whiie at each desk it-i eliirk with i sheet containing the t-meg of ti the bk itt-ut the u tme order as; the desk., with the aggregate -munt. which hi. bank'. messenger hi u against each bank. Just previous to the hour fixed for - kiug the exchanges the iti-u-u takes his position and calls the house to -diE~r. At. signal the bell rings and each -e-senger move. f.,-ard to the desk eext to his -in and delivers the e.-,(zpee containing the check.,, etc., for the bank represented at that desk to the clerk at that desk, together with u printed list of the banks in the same order, with the amount opposite each bank. The clerk receiviig it sigis and returns it to the messengei, who immediately passei, on to the tu t desk; theu to the next, and so on uttil he has tade a complete circuit and hPs again reached the desk of his ow u batk-ithe starting point. All the other mePu.Pitts moving in the t.me manner, each messenger has, by this means, visited every bank and delivered to each everything his bank held for it, taking a receipt for the same; iud at the same time each bank h.u reueived t-' the exchanges that every other bank had agali-t it. This operations even 1. the greatest clearing-houses, only consume. from te. to fifteen minutes. This enables the banks to 'know at once the exact balance for or against it, as the clerks immediately enter from the slips on their own sheets the aggregate amount from each bank, and the difference between the total amount brought by the-, which at once show., the balance due to or fr.- the clearing house to each bank. This is reported to the!, banks, and the balance 1. paid to or drawn from the clearing house, thus at once settling the accounts between all the banks. The lists are "proved" carefully and certain fines are laid for all errors, tardiness, etc.,-ii I _ __ __ _ I r I COPYRIGHT 1910 BY GEo. A. OGLE & CO -it

Page  X SUPPLEMENT CH RONOC)LOG)1ICAL- 0 AFRFZAN. G'NA M NT OWF ANqCIENT, MEDIEVA)L ANPD MO)Er iI1CR` Copyright, 1912, by Ceoo A. Ogle & Co. The chief aim of this Chronological History is to give in a comprehensive and attractive form the principal events of the history of the -world free from unnecessary details. For convenience this history is arranged under-I. Ancient History. IL Medieval Hiotoiy. III. Modern History. The latter is given-First. From the heginning of the Sixteenth Century to American Revolution. Second. From the hirth of the United States to the present time hy countries. I Ancient History 400 hfooof,, ooo-ot of -the-o in 88000 Oooon 1 I1, of Bbl. 820000 Tho Oool~ Eoootioo dyooooy oodoo Oloooo. 00 00 -ofro, 00 oo00oioao doooty. 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Page  XII I ANCIENT. MEDIEVAL, AND MODERN HISTORY. 811 8R12e 7p1o881i1s Ohphlstilly. Eliot s2 Nl11-dis tIltp lbe perse58 -Elio2t sf Milss, by Cssslo.tiss 124 LIcii.,fo. g5811a -lighoss 7s111s8115. 814 W., bstwsss tbs tws 2fs555l. 826 Bi6th s2 S0. Mastil, Bisbsp sf T1u58. 824 Ossltsslisspls Isosdsd; sdbdifstd 82 tbe ssapitsl sf tbe empire, Ill (sr 884). 815 Fist G-ei~ I,l C.ssill ssl the sChsr826 Dysth of IAsls.. Ill lililtstisbopI Co lb -s.obI(Is Ill.St 851 Bislb of 16. AJsoslssdils 410). 850Sy- ioosIf 31111lodi bsAlssss A4 lfls Bshstpss1the (lthsssdbssg). 118-52311111 I sosil lbs bllsbs beshops, ssy 864 Vsisslsiof St. Agti.sl disd 430)2l. P6 J1111 lisisos`2ls2122 817-bJ Absolssiss Is bslnishe bishops sanss Ig lais-l Pllsrss Isslgos. tlrai 81 Fislb o diLPs.slob 1ts4 4112). 8678 6Tbsodosissls 0281 Eripssls aid lbtos Ill -stsPi02221 00121 -bl I Os sssAisi D bish sf lbs lslbs. G01 tssolo 8117020 sf lbs WestsitlV1 Asoldis ooyso she lbns E Abs V loss; sloods lbs 2isstsssettle155 888 Tb-dslollss e ss...s t08E12e28 8o112h1 801 Cboll~ls G Blba p sonil Cheld1atbCon4068 Alsoie 21011 l tslGths Dahof Aleosr y Slltbs 401 TbsPos, A WSIss 211t 264 48 llsssisgs of Aloh lbs,- 5sgsflb Thso, Is- Pisids,- dthbl Ift- Tbvcsl. P95 sAsgsissmd Bso of lb Hbssis po1 (died8 421 Oslhb of iooso 118112288.derIlno 489 Th Adsistsssio asf aidflls; obgsh 181112t tho Isbtd 111.dSt 489 Detbs 8f3M15tssdof 02822sf 11084 Atbs Osll ofl Tboos. lbo.8Mp8 (d 0.Piod 125002.18284 411 Absose r1vsods pstflybd 408 Btssoi of 2.11-2tisa. T151818 8 117 Allt o2 Thlos ssd MStlfdf. 448 MThs5O sIdlbs Aslosi 18 6101. SiPv114 T09 oTosll- osslodss 10117 11161 Art-in fl-Iogithodrslo- is 01 18. 410 Osslb! of T-~byldsilriL 41 D1011 sf I os byAlls 42Poslb, 05112 phiosophlr bsln dItd 0b8f21 dlf t Iso oflsy bye A1111.t- inPr 4218 Dsoth of St11. 01111110 2 M 411-67t IsI oft81011122. 102-7 GssSl s 868bVisiglbeId 88 400Il8 ofti- Bss~ibs 012 ofCostntnole Wosi b?(boslbd 41) 62211121 Thlsgofe 81117. Mpses Me.hidiGeveal C.ilHisd toryeus 426St EP~bl~ts2l 85rve tbs Ireladls fb 4ll ls. of~, IL P21110 (HsI24) 411 Thool 811. lcsodepolshl) 111d 1 81 411 Ph, olO-, phlospbso, CIrsag. 440L 1 Ol thgeb Isool Bishly. Rme 4ll 282at 1018 lbs blsgds1 VIf Fsiissa. 488 Th-d-ifl st~blisbos 162 Oslsssslb~s hlsgdoss of Itoly, ISoth Oss-oy 114 8lssgooy, ospilsl Illst sl Ossols 100241 lbs 8012gd11 of Woss-o 481 Clools. of Fosoo 2116102 Cbribstiliy. 801 61111 sf Bosgosdy psblibshd. Gssek Em1pire 508-42 Ths 2111001 Kisg Arthl2 1814 t0 ssigs is Esglald. 807 Clssis, boolsg 222512221 the 2s22try 22011 lbs P722812s 18 lbs 62128, 200118 lbs 81221011 sf 111 Psosbb,. 8180 810018 1116sf P821 ls th lpital sf lbs 881 82110 LIT 11t8bli1h0d by 011018 is 01011112 s5 lbs -a1825y 68811111 Clspil' 814 it~ 11121, lbs 08th, bsslsgss 002111011 -818 Ossdioo 8ofsI..f tbs IKhsgdl1 22 Ws..s. 117 osthiss L. 6201112 81172212 of 81112 152 8 31111101 Cods psbllsbs. 201 Ths F21668 877217 12 Itoty. 814 Bisth Of OQsgoy of Tors8 (disd 100). 817 fNorthlbo1bil 2112184 is Essis.. 811 Abs AIgIss frstshlb Iloptosoby-AsglIo, 02128, Mosols, pls. 112 Totflo, 162 Ostsogoth, Istsolol Istloly by lbs 6271i11 gsfoslllof~roll 11d 814 88212 G021201 sboti 70222 i Ist11117 des0 Fe218 8112 81. of S-12101 0d 811 D021h of 01011122. H,118..oo 102 diolds lbs kisgloss bslsosl 16211 851 IL. 00101161 1011ds 10111121.. 121 Ossslsslisopls dsstssysd by 222,. 118 HOstor of 32211210 L? Etbelbssl 62701121 KIsg of 1022. 118 Itoly 1201124 by lbs Losoboodi 12011 02211827, 1160 foosd lbs lKloglo of Losoblody. 012101 goososl of I1817. 170 8616h of M~lbl1-ds (disd 6184. 877 811112 22 0026211; Wss.toSoss. 102211 lbs,81 P1212 1108117 dsstroys! by 8sse. 5814 Fosks 120211 Itoly 821 re 2781 Tb, 0817021 s5 lbs p11802 lbs 2211 211 818 81128101 of 2882012 foss.lol is 8211212. 517 F26168 sspoled 1201 Ipois by Rooosl 6. 018 Oseosly L,lthsO.221t,6001521P0p5. 1195 Abs 601161218 62112808200 221 oosssof 11117. 887 86. Aoigoo1ss 822100 lo E27122..d 288 Etbelbool, Kiog 22 8201, soobooos 06212 608 81117 2100sgel bylootis 201 80018 120810 80211210; 128 disoo bsok. Ill Abs Prsoilos 112ks 202102112 1- 17201, Egptb ssl Al. Mills, 124 bolossc 2012 32118 p225e01ts1 is Spailn. 511 01111122 88 hKIss of F2120.. 6148 jssososs 21710221 by P021226s 812 M8ohamme1d 8202011 811081e Meoll 82182 Ths 862026- 52- Aoob 21gispti.-0st fligbt 18 201111021 t2121810d. 282 DOlgobst, lbs "1110502 of lbs 728261.,' 818o Moh.sssJ 21112122 2827081 1281111d as pflios 121 p20ph2t. H811,ii. o6tsp-f~d. tbooosb Persia. 814 Abo 60222. poblisbd. 202 Syril -.001712 by 82212286~s Olooll 18., 118 If 0180622t6 1012 II 610 A001s.dlas Ltbslsy bo22L 818 Is 8211212 lbs 28220182 dIsstI 16, 82220 688 Rhodss tlkos by lbs lfSs —. 681 0101112 IT8. 620111 Kliog of Fslsoe. 622 88 Itoly, 00211128 28., Eoopsooo of tho E1,t, 8, 12211121 by lbs Losobsods. 611 Cossl.stisopls 60110g01 by12120. 6372 S.slosss dotoss fooso Sp21s. 0872277 Wsosbl'8 'good roig.2 is loots. 681 Clbdo11Itdsr, lbs l08 hiss of th, 8211022, Bolglsltsos 020277 8131g5,21, Is N5orthern 5811 20216 laft If lbs Ms2rovsigias, 10 -811 Sof 18 o2itsd to WI10 88 P21506, P2710 dof 0118 Abisfy. 614 6001 dsvastItsd by WOII1100 587 Ato-to~t booo-th8lb 1281t dogs of Vs851 Tb. lSlosssinvte Iso tos Spfil 1718 I 2022 Ibthow hiss Rodollo.h 2121 Abs.8128071 02211 fosIAfti-l ts 87111. Abs Blgl5io.s 25085 the Eastlol Ess. 721 Ths Gohiclo Kisgdoss of 1721 2v25tb2052 by lbs Arab8. E8tabli~shstst 2f lbs 81o~os8 bhlgd-o of 714 Obhslesf Mostel, 112707 of lbs P.,-0 and 2181 Independent Gothis 280112067 2012121 Is 728 Lsos 821 A~toft88 flosood isto I IKiog doss by P-1106 whbo obh I-ks th 8. qo-,ltf of lb h 5s1 -o 17110. 081618 2812101 ossotsl Doks of P21222. 7310 pops Gssoosy -soO -oso~ltes thbsEni 715 Btt~le of Tooos, 02 Poitirss I ososb~o do8016021605 S120022 bylths Frank. 701 Chorlos 2822101 Ol.qOf Prootoo. 747 C-slosol of Fsssos 861100121. Mrt, 752 Pspts, lbs S6121, sos of Chbrls~s ~~ bsooooo Khing of F-ooso. 754 Pspin gloss 8100221 to lbs Pops. 755 tsosoion It 2822018 Bistois,. Abd-o1-i-s~ 6 bo..soss i~los of 7201 751 Pspis ossso v 1011 to lbs ISs tf 7602 Is.ossoio of Tolodo. 718 02216 of Ppis!, 1160 18 1002181e by his Iho 8026inF" 7622121 121 OGe lisoy 772-185 Ohiolooo11, 1260 1 fe72re ftrlg' gls, 002500221 tbo 1800sf; 16ey 811' 2174 Chsoiosol11s 20100 Isaly afteP c02 -711 Bhtlls of Rosobs Besgoiosi of lbs sgs of obivloly. Spoil. 118 110026 111124 by Ch1212118112 bf787 Abs Dooss 1101 is losltsd. 791-96 Oboflosoloo- st0111blshe tho MssgfIsigo, of Alfooso, lbs 061112, it Spsls 5 iodopsod-oos of Choistisos estalbisbod. 790 Ths Aor.sI 806102 by Chblolosooo11. 800 Cbsolooo-so ooosooo it Rosos; bo0011 -poooo of lbs West by Pops 801 Rooo,, iho 1102118, 11t1bli8h0f lbs tollt 1111112 goovosoosl is 811-11 st No10001, 1101 6000110 11824 3060 807 Woo bstsoss2 Ilool 824 Polyposss~ils 818 60018 I6, Esopsoo, Is.thoosd, bot 2e1 8117 60016 lbs 080018 (P7120), 202q2828 110 81106121 86., of lbs 871121122 10p122, 100111 lbs Assooolos dyossly. 8231. Is tgiood, 01200 (sol, Isol y0121 lose,, Iosstoolboo-bosohois)s 1e20200s111t 125 TO ooos007 011110101 007 Tho Soos. Oloptooohy sods ood Egbeol, k12g of Wos-0, 60000002 lkiog of oil IEogiol.. 810 tools tos 07602812 loops~isosod ho F20200. 083-410 tool. s-pooot- Osoooy froo 110 061000 lbs B11 lKlog of 001206 011 01101 7002008..i58t tholo iodopsd211 Trooty of Voodoo; lbs 1001 of LOoW. di011e lbs 0007000. S~o.osooogsd bylbhe Noolbsoo.. 010 Biootlsoy booosoos iodpdo70lo. 8o Rssias -oosohy ososblishod byloso b 5ll ) 60001 sod Pools ooolod ools~ 6022201. 865 R 0000000 7010! C8 t~ipe 200 lopllosooobOslss.p 800 So Cioi. Osol looso so-tLoslssl. 070 Ki~obloo of Novsoss fooslod by Is.oob 075 0606001, lbs loll, booooo Esopsros 0 1 ppisosod by 2001006011, 1 3111116 7671.i 171-1101 AogloS.Oooo 060020016 to7 LIs 88. lolog ol r. 001 Alfrod lbs Goost 121002 Ioooo Eoglsod. 171 hoosolcoosoil of Otslo~o (Gsook 0600061 818 Soo20o 2000g0 S-lolisd. 006 Pssio ottoobod by Sooflssooe. 000 Itoly sobjootod to tho Oostoos O1pios. AlfosI of loglood 100011 C~olos, sod soilitio soid 1 2007; sobdtolos tbo 008 bo09 106 ohoerl.. dsya Aosoll, 12102 Ross. Alfood of Eogiool 0825011620 lbs Doost 001 lools. osod s Gosob Esopioe 2218' 011g. 007 Abs Iofoioossooios 1206110- fooso Coo2011 Soots of tool. tho 06201, lost ol lbs 9112 foll~o tbs Noothsos 61001128 Robest, Sob of Nrossody. 91l-'O4tloooy I., 103 Fosolso, ooigso is Gfosssy;oooqooo lbs Htos., Bs28, V4 -921 lItly liooolol by tho loogoslislf 208Poo00228 Fi~Eprr sois tho 871111128 Es — 933 Ath~los. 200150 10081221. 2001 Isosy 6. of Go20-sy dofosts lbs Sssst. 006 Otho lbs Groot, i1 00711127. 2087 Atholst.o solos a gooat oiotooy toso lbs 00006, 10006 olo., 8t1 bsoo11s 1111t Kingy sf Eoglsod. 939 60001 IV. of Fioooos 106108 11gb Copot, Coool of Psols. 008 Otho 200810 Itoly. 9200 Otho tho Gooso b oooos Essprooo of lbs Woss; Itoiyto.dboosoosyo20ited. OoO AiIOI.soojos ol Oltoaod, lbs IMsolyo of Eoglool. 181 881111 ol ls-ioololo; Olbo III. of Coo. 01 07 dolootod by Gosoks 121 Sas8-20.. 9197 Hogh 08700 be-Oeos lKlog of 7212020 008 V1.iodisoosoo Ao22, sIstoo oS Bosll 2001 Otbo SItI oskos lbs Gssoo Esopeoso P80110 oado 161 spilsl of tll FPosys. 997 ooto of St. Adolboot, sobo fOsst lsol2002 Goobosl, boloslos 11., Popo. solo0 boooo, Itloy, b-o-oooiohsoldpososofo 2001 Mosoooeoo 01201 18 02g1821 by 1th61 -loigo of Rob-t II. 2n 1011117. 1-001 Isoyo, 10101 of 02000010 8020808 lbs Ethblood foos to Nossolody. MoloO 80 1. loioo of So.tiol..d 8004 Batlo of Zolooboso Bosil It. s CosslootOopis doloots tho Bolgooso.1010 Vlsdisoio I. dioo; Ro.ss.is di lidod. 1011 th,~bolood lbe; Edsood I-sislls ssl Cssots dioldo Esglood. ltsly ooodold by 8008000.EPoplllo. of ooss:1017 C0oools, tbo Doo-, 00001120 lilog tf oRl Esgisnd. 8018 Aho 280020 oolos Sp..o. 1081 Soooho It. of Noooo 000218 lbs 812g1008 Aoo20o 60002001 a 812201011 28107 Rss0018 00208 6. of 10011021 -oodsos by Moo5010 Siloly solto.sI sod Sootis lost It 1h0 Eostoos Eoo loo. Abs 011 (Roy 01st 18 oslo.i 8011 Abs 11002 Dynsosy soloso-d. Edwotrd lbs 002201100, hiog of Esolsodl 00250018 Of Bobooo by Ilsooy 061 0011 Rosiss Ilotod bofoss Ooo-ot-isoplh 050t Roho!los. ol Godfooy i et 105 082~ of Rolsoigo, tho 011, soith lbs 1.008 Mooos ooooliod froos Ittly. 1000 Philip Ithlsyoiolooog osFsance. 1008 Jssosolsso ooplossl by Itho Toob,. 1065 Williso of Nootosoy i8..d15s Esglasd, tol si.s lbs btt~lo of Hasshi~gt oosossKingiof Eogl.od, 3128527 5. WIllisso 6, lbs 1211, oswsod blsg, 2-078 Abs fsolsl systseo Istsodosed Is Esg6011 Nosots Ktsgdoss If lbs 8118 1128186s Hesssos is tb, Isle If Ely. 1t73 Hldelbstsd 11110 Pops Gsssosy Aft Gosgosy V88. establitfhs 16152111 816 -ssolgsly of lbs papacy, ssd refsors Ilsssy Vt. of 01211827 dispotes bis titlls. 5071 usstios of lbs P008 sppoil~td. 0077 Ilsssy IV. sobsils 211 does 7211226. 1001 I1217 1202121 by lbs Gssssss.. 1t84 01227 IV. 11601 Romes. Ths Pops fliss to Islosso asd 112s thsre, Clemenst 885. sotds Pops by Hssoy IV. 0108 001101117 Boob oosplstod 11 Isgltsd; 1007 Willioso II. osossod hisg of Eoglssd. 1011 Oobss It Pops. 1000 Msotboo 11.08 by Hsooy TV. 8011 AbS.ososot, of Sopls iooitg the Afrioa8 Mfooos 101612i oil 18 drilisg b-kths 1015 Postogal b00001 8 10702112 psisoipsllty 06107 810627 of 8013 —0.. Willisso of Molsoobosy.:1001 F1221 0211010 60000. Vooss Odds coospilol d ) 8109 Woo bolsooos Foooos sod E5g1821. Jes.oso.. so o-ploos by Godfroy Is EtoBi11800 11ooyl. ososool? llog of Ensgilad. Gootolsohooloy soslooloig lbs 11001 1104 0010101- osptoss Aose. 1801 Mobs. boloo I foo oopiblio. Boosy 5. dofoolt his boothss Robeotb 121 gobs Noosoody. 1007 Alsoo..doytI,looOtsd. o0 oo tool Vt. lg boos (lbs Losty), 818g of5 0110 HloooyV. of Gosoty looslo Itoly. 01114 Bo-y V. 112s01 i28011 of Eoslood. 21016 lUooooity of Poltoos ioools~d. Eoolid tlooololo b~o 607016h. 1110 Ploy of St. Colboolo tO 006100616. 1800 Rits of tbo 6006801 lIlaly) citiss. bbip,osooo of Poloo Willoo-o 0007 Osooly of Wormso boloso the IEspeoro so dPops. 1004 DosidlL lKog of 1001180. 5010 Eoo of tbo glooy of V0210. Victories 0002A'I lbf Bs 028iso. s 01135 Soophos besoosos Ktog of Eogisod. 11-ly'. d.oghbs- 2881, dispotlos lbs tool VI. gosoll; lotters of losooobls to 01118 171011 Mood's 7056011f0 11101011 1t lebs tt~lo of lbs Stsodol, Aog. if. 1118 Poslogi1b-oooooossioodoso Mood lo.sl Is E0g1021, osd dofsat. Ste. pho; is oosod 81 Wintoeoto, Mssoh 1101 Mooos sobi loi Sp~io. 01144 Alybooto of Looo dofost, lbs Moorss 01116 100021 0008111; Loo. VIL. of Fsssos 1101 Coossl 856. o5 0sooty sss do 1f-621 by Osoob toosohsoy, A. D. 1118. Ossoos, ploodosd by Rogoo of Soidly. 1147 M-8~d i1 10220101 by 11,pe.s, asd 2511221 1100 Aoohoolos Logosdf pibltsbs-d. 1101 Poedooiob sobsosos soods Esopeor gf Cososy. 1101 Msol oooolodss 8 77002 sotb Stephen. Moloolso IV. bolog of loolsod. 1104 Posdssio Btsbo 002. s oonvads 88817. lHsloy 82., Ibiog of Eglalnd, lbs Irsst Pl"`tsgsol, 02011821 Dsosssbsr 18. Adsiao IV. Pops. dooby by Foodoolo 6 slot Wo, of Golph a01 Ghibellines. 1016 Bosbaroosss 12102171 Mils.. 8101 B-sbs 1100101 by s colosy fsssm lbs 2161 Wtilli- lbs Lioo, 881og of 1001181.d 18013 Aslips of 018200102 521 Nloolthopton. Abs 60116821 tLoags fosoosd sglists lbs 1165 tooooolly of P8211 200210. 1170 Aboso... BoobsI s-lsdssd 18 Esglssd 2172 Abs S1080 1118111 soskss soeal cson Isoloo ooslososl by lbs Esglish, 8171 Batlls of to B-o ob-ssof defeated by lbs Losobsod Lsogo. jistlio ostsblishsd in I~gltod. 1100 010008i ChOb J.ieof 311002Oglaod. Pbilip 88. (Aogsslo) lKlog of P2110. 1101 Olsooll O 01 s digssl of Soglish its. olh~so of Iloly. 1889 Ahird C-osds by EsgtlIn, P2822e 18d Goo soy. Slog' of Aors bosos-. Rilobso 8. ooosoool is Englood, Sopt. 3. 8100 Poodooiob 6. (lsobsoosl), drossnosl Oslo of A oloolo holghts esftblslbsd, Bonoy V. ooldot Itoly. fUlolooolly ol Oolood foosdsd, 1181 Riohssd 8..102 lbs 0811181s. dososoiaso op'oold 12 ptlgrtim, hiogloso of Cypo, 20081204, 81192 Riooord 6., Coooo do Li-s matde 7211221r 10 Poooooo by oosy IV.; raso11ed1 (1108110 f11Z00,000. 1198 Ioo. oo - III1. Popo. 0108 3061 0b-00S Khlg of Esgiosd, 2817 17. 0600 Uoloossity ol oosoooosi fo.stsdod. 0102 Poostb Ooo.ods eoptoos of los. 1000 Coo-tooti oople boiogod andso.ptosd by 1210 Nlossoody lost to 10105..d Ltoiss 7011088801 dioido 002876. 0007 Albigoolso 0811116 1808 0060 ooo —d Isopoooo of Gossosoy 11 Poglood Iotoodlolsl by lbs Pope6 0208 yoo-ob Ososods 170211 ths AlbsgeoI16 0-218 Bttlls of Mooot; dsfost of Albigesesos Iolt-diol of 0031801 so-ooodl 01211 Al11... sorls ofslgol.1 800886 doss. 15; 002101104 andsoloodl30 ElIbt of logos Btoos (hod 12212). 1211 1Ilooy 886. be-ooso hiog ol 11g8811, 1817 Fifth 810111 by GOrsosss ssd lss1820 Foodsiob ft. 60008101 Eopeo o7 s fIsaly. 12 MAbsh Asoaosio82Ih8b los.- bsss qoost of PolosdI. 1281 Tarstsr 0155087 8 larg2 psot of 811111. 11216 86 Losl boii s b hloe.Kig toils IX. 81f 0217 Goegosy IA. Pops. 0828 Sloth 02810112 FssdssIob IL. st Acre. 12211 Abs Isqsii11l8 bsgts. 1811 Tos yesrs1 toos sltb lbs Slltss. Prodloiob csosod King- sf Jesattles. Alibgessss dofsstsd is Fr-12 8211 878v00sit8y of Csambridgs f888184, 1112 711l of 00828r Is B15gb. 1111 Woos botssss Coltils ssl Moors, 824 osptoss of 002100a% 12vil0e Toledo, a14 olbssoitisl by Pssdisoaod Ill. 12215 Abs Moosgolso. 1201180811 2211 Wto bstsesn lhs Esopeoso 124 lbs Lossbtod tssgo.. 2217 Abs 02021 Sobs doslo (80111a) sls in 18018 Moooish hisgdoss of Goeosds f082114 by Mobssssod 6. 1811 Sovsnth Coolsd., by Thibsud, 01161 of 1242 Taso~s sItablibh the ssspire of 880n of 1424 3020111011 11104 bylbfthe111111165.. 01111 820111, 8111,2 122 dsfeated by 8211 Ths 1sssssif tssgos foososd. 80248 Posdeook IL. If Ao-lois 011114 Is bsttle slob lbs Hotgasias.. 1125 60011 1021118 Kisg Slsssy 2f ElgtlIn. 60218 osptorsd by lbs Ifosoess; tssle for Iss 71121. Mssoiohos sole Egypt. 12151 8111 of lsdbos fasoily 11 2t817. of Rossoi, t.ol slrgt 81 Aisstodoo 6.:1254 Otto..s7 of Bohosois soqores the Aol1200-Vs Bar...' Wso is Eoglssd. 1118 Abs los.t 20egio07 Poolsso ol of 51g1121 Birth'tof D.sls; dIod 01321. 2111 Naplpes 2081 lilly sooqossod by Chalesl of Anj u. 2261 Nioth 020121%, by 60018 IA. osd El-osod, Pobtos of Wslss. 8271 tool~s IA. lbs. atO Cothsgs. Phiipg ITT.(theo Hsoly) Kibog of Fosso1271 Ths Esgisth qoil P11010126.:1172 Rigs of Edsaod 6. of 12g1281; Ottooso doolioos lbs Ispoolsl 00011 of 1271 81210176, Cooto t of Ilopf;boog, ohosss Edspeoso of Glsooooy; Ottooso 712f11 to tcolsologs, Obso. 2278 Novorro posos. to lbs royl 2811117 of illdllph 110021so 0701po Ottoosy, aod g..Astlis., Coolothis sod Styst.. 0171 H"oo" of llop~boog, of Aoustis, foosdod. 1217 Robe of lbs Visoolli, Mills. 2802 Siolliss Vopsss, 112173- gfIoibf by Ohs F20800 CoosodlsagistlAslsoll ths Fosobexpolol,. 1001 Wolss 11610020 to Eoglosd. 1018 Philip IV. (lbs F8lo) hiog of 1r11226 2811 Iooigsboog sols lbs ospital of P18s511. 200031111 b1281621 fross 10g1001. 1201 ONiobo~lt IV. Pops. 1289 S-oooo lsoolloo of lbs Mosgols. Chrittlls 70527 12 lyrls dIsstoyedh 12202 Soolood sobdood by Eogsla.d 11201 lb Williso Woloos lights fop lbe 121e7281020 ot Soollood. 2129 Bstlle of PFolkiok; Eoooo 811 001g15s 10208101 by Edsiod 6. 2100 280800 boooss lbs ospital of Rolssi. 18081 P6111p IV. qos-ool sltb lbs Pops. Chooles of Volois is Itoly. 1108 FRosst 8821ososod ti RO. o f tt~sGeloof1807 Edsood IL1 cowonesdo dooy 0, sKlfg of E1g511d. 1307-14 Philio 1077281111 lbs O~ights Ts11p180, sod borss 011 Osssd M18so sO: 2208 Pops 0121112 V. 71110018 Is Aotgoooo, is Alboot 1:, of Aostoia, 112111711 to sobIll lbs Stss, soho boss -oolted2 -13 ooTh Swiss AlL — 2)l loll Hosoy VII. 1161122 lbs 60116821s. tsod foo lbs G008~ Isoplos. Slosh of blooloolo; diod 2271. 1814 BStlls of Bssooobiooo 0tlb lootf, tIIsr Roboot B,.o-, 102181 lbs Eg1lish tlli IV. 110302 000827y. U121lllsofosolio of o51d 812026e Abs lSoiss totolly dofost 102 Aostlsiss It 2111 Jobs 6., a po~tbosooos 105 of Lolls A., Kbsg, 11201 at lbs tgo of foos 1871. Philip It. (lbs tosg) hlsg sf Fsssos. 1212 Bottls of Mosbidoof; L oots V. dsfeats Charlsl IV. hllg of Fstos.. 1121 Bioth of Job2 WIoblifs 0 diod 10184. 1121 Gssossy invaded by TAstoo 1327 Oldssod III. cowostsd, 318. 81, Kisg of E2g1121. fodoposd-oo of Setollod. 800.000 280021 brooogbl fsoso Afsios by lbs 8121 of Gs-osds.:1288 Chsolosthlb Fs!o, of Poltos, dI-s 1Philip Vt., of lbs 810188 of Valos, rlgnst 1128 Stoid It. Kisg of loolaosd. 18113 Abs 10011 11201111 by 1111121 It Has8 -81137 Woo hstssos Frotoos otd Pladersh Blirt of Foobsolo; diod 8401. 1008 Flost Dogo of Gsoos sppololsd. 18180 Bioth If 0026121 G-ool disI 1110. lottls of Tarifa to Spsbo; Moors tosolbly dofestsd by Aiphos.s At., If COso 2141 Batlel of Ossoys Poesoh, 2sd20 Philip, soolo~d by lbs E~glih, os-dsp Edwssd Ill., osd lbs 81800 Prioos, Eattlo of Sosbos, 18 Icotlasd. 2047 Abs Esgitsh tsbs COsis.t 81021.i 1188 of lbs Tribhoss, esftabifshs sldosooor~y in Rosos. 1251 Tnttooolty of P21112 foosdsd. 1848 Doophisy 8211021 to 125106. Tho blsob dssth is E1251518 1350 Ordsrof lbs Gsoter 188111111d by Edwarsd sod Jobs It., Ki0g If Prance6 8132 281111 Follss at Vsoios. 1818 811115, sI Poi~tsss, Sepfssobso 111 8,008 Esglish dsfsst 10,000 Prsnoh thlb SBoob Potoostke 1105h301 IL 21711v5 Is 662108, shoos hs dis.. Charlef IV., of fGormany, signs lbs 001118 8218, lhebs6311 88 lbs Gsoroas Cos.tit~i..Io sosll 0100. 1581 Insl.sso.o of the Jtotqtsis 18 France. 21360 Peace If Brstssy, betwess Elglish 1811 1181 lItly svssos by lbs Foss Lsnses. 28612 Thf sEglith 8881115 8rd2re4 Is bs usesd is Isgsl prfosedilgl5 58g1184. 1163 Atstsis lcqoirsl tbs Tyrol. 1164 Cbsslss V. (lbs WIll) Klsg sf Fssnse. Philip, lbs Bold, DskeoIf Blrgosdy. Tsssty blssefs Afisti ssd Bohsesla. 2136 1. Vss Eyok, pslsitss, bos.. 21867 Abs M.soloos oosqoso Assossia. 1211 Esopiss If ATsossisos footodsd, Lagla5d1I tPlosr PIosossos." 1810 Piqso Gosgosy At. goss to Aoignonl. 1071 Sto-ss lbs, boginI sltb Rsbsst IL. 88 lobs!lltos sgslot lbs Pops. I I

Page  XIII ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL, AND MODEEN HISTORY. I 1377 Siolld IL. KGg II 0141114, JueE 22. 11180 541101 of the Do.; Dieit0 IL, oI 011 -Wypl, ifflI' t-.E1.tiIE of th1 Sible pubThe101 A. O-pi. b-E. 0111.X, Tii.g l MEI 1151 Watt Tylell -lol-tlil IA L.141 Gh11,ti, 111111, EorE1 1114 1415. 1112 "L~gElld of Good W.-I1," BEnglId. 1111 J111 of Gh.0411 i0 Spil.. 111 a411 of Gbop 0141 IIea EfIthEIAEI, OIeopI 1ol 10d EgS EBot II. 11 of C 111C111orOt,4. e bTM 410041 me~tll. EEgliIsh. d.4bEP1tG111.Kigoo1,IM.t.d 1111 Thb PoltugoII di MVEN th1 0441 of Gil.d Hlope. 1111 T'01111411, th1 T400l, invadeI EoG..:1111 B04t1 0' Ni'opo.i,, th1 T401,, 11d11 04 -j14 L., d111e41 111 04111g7. GENE,; 11147 P —~lti.. of the Wyeklifie.or Lot1391 Helly IV. IXe-woI K1.g1 of Eogl.ld, 1141-. 1011 0141r of th1 Sath floodld. 1.400 Sloth ol 1104. R01114, 11114111 114 1t401 411111111 ilo W1411; Gloldooll 414 1h1 1401 010 tlko A14014.; TiEII th1 T-t-1 do 1401 Poio1Ido,- 11110t11141141t11d. 1400 Albopy,.ooELe lo S110414. 1401 -_ 0'4l eil'diolldlbylthPopo. GN409 C 01 Pi.,. Aleood4o V. 0141 Pop, bp 10-111 of Pi1.. 1410 Sigiso-d ofIog 11 14011 —. 004p11 Of Goooop. 1411 011111 lIp of St. AdIIXI 141111.dd 011011 of 040401 011 Loold41 411141 1411 5001 of P14F Pippo LippI, 4411111. 1418 HooopV. 11O4 ed,4O21,NMigII 1411 Go_1,14 of 01100;P1p1 doll XXIII. 114110001, Slog of 0411012, 0041101 I 1411 041011 f Ag011041; 10,000 014111h,01 41' 111 01 oopdO i'ood 1416 ThI p4100411. of 0011111114e 41014 1410 The Ho-0,;t 0101 P-geo. 1420 P401 11404014 Op thO Stoglif; Tolaty 1411 Ol..op VI. p0004014d 0114g I 01411.od 01gl41d. 011401 Oopioo eooltod Op A-lfth IT. 1-421J... of Aope 11101eg of 0111411, dofo.tl th15EgEl1OhatP4O~p, l.d drivl thoo Ooo- o1l tlolo 111561111 Is P14101 lo-pt G41111. Ch'LIII, 010I. 0114 of F11101. 1480 flolop VIL 1-00014,t P211, 11 04111m144Li011 401e Dl,1 ofP4141 54.11Top of A0'41,,,d0001 P1t0R 1 IS C.1141 of 011141. 103 Tetyo 011401 004111 of 010an 1, to of 0011441 1101-. ~ 01 144.001 of 04141thk 16414Op 21 1411411. 1440 0,.l of 01121toig 1441 41114114r. 0113 Ao414of loo.tg.o, 1 d41 () 000101 144024,. 001 Oo VDllkp of1 0 4111, btod,. B.-l P p f001, p01411 II 10 Go41138U 41;iyo l 10-111 f p 0,d 101 140 hle 1 00g.4411 Aolb11011 VOp 611 Ii I. IpI' 04e.,4.Ep f140439 o C 't 010 Fl-e 4 04' 14440 Nieh 11 V 04. 1 14 tpodt lbk, of 00, 4401014 e-d 1411 OThgO of... 401a 1001 44111 10 Bioll of 04111, d41111 41143 111 140 01141-it of Gop g-loodll Thol of~h~hyo 01041 t01401 110011 214 wt 11401411- p4 14 1101. ~i' 114211 1 l,f oft 1201 01111- 11 1011l of 0100 10l04101 Op75Bit Oofi,oilloo'1F'.t ol 41 00,64Bttl Tof -t.. 04 4 01 5402 tMoogot Tp4011 -o 001114 dotdo1po6. 1411 4114 olo CIV. o 0011114- 441011 1484 a Ebb fof lopl byoo1 T404001. 14040014oli 40441 il.o o.f,, 044141;-ypO 0421401. 11 theg oft 04110 C. o 5101h 010041111p~ite did Sd 12 1411 1440h.4 dodphOp Toll; 1410 1112.4 Hoo VI.i1004 1486 V.lolp 04011 004060 41041111 ol~ Pood Ilo d o0111 001.V 01 g of t Fo0014 1404t 14842 ob 04'i i-lft 110 Sp401.;frt.t 01041 Oooop8 016 ly toioootgo, of 414111, SloDOO..~i Cp of Goodogo 4E1 1 4 4p004 140 111,-ol 0,~e 00011 T410 1111Y of 01111 Op, tgt 0111441 P1414..,d 0. VillO plig 0010 o1- 011 -1.404 h.I Vlot4114014 041400 oot 11; 414.y 116Al' XI.d 4110 of 4401 1t anloo 411101111 00410,, Iooltp1.br1 041141 001a Pologo, 1414 Hatoi00201, 04p 1.6 -144 i040 od 811414211 Jobd f.g 1011 Elgoodotho -104411 lowebi Slp10l.. 1101 Oigo of-001114111 to Jooto. Loo3 ret, OIL ofePoooo, 1411411 Spl.folO of 0144422, 0161110 diod 1011. 11094 41160of QooLo 1140104 ofan 04111. of 01-d 1010411, 41101 E I gl 4,2d 4 01019 041 Na fe 1411004'h, 10141 01 tltp 400110,lo Robiof 004111 0.., of by4, toe Hot-g Slbof 414111 04th th1 deio Otf. 114 010011040 14441 1 01013. 1049 L- Oooo VIIT.K4o1g of 414440 0' 01 Battle of Lepdnop 1ct- 0111104. rks 1011404 So.fl,' II 0,11 l-Hoy 01t, 1500 i41. 404101 Gol..r26 0C 40, 1111th1 danod i.BOG 1516 BoOR ondlo 11 4111h..eji t S. 04 1'.. Popo i.111001441 Eloolgo lod POe. r.. giot Io 1041414.as o 0400 1 '41 d 11410 Ito P.tololo Rtol Bllol Xoolbodl 24 00401 0 N.,p o F —,.i San BiTo 1 00 04001.ie 142 1010 t0 1010 4110141 4144014, to 01075 '04Det Gof, Ne,op. bel o p B-04011P 41411 d1 by4 pA14i1'I Vep.i Bs ood 000;, o- 01 011041. hi.t — Slo Bith of 011101. d~die1040. 066 etho Eoo b41.My2;h. 00401 0fCalsV, of Sp44o Nb14lopoo of. 11110,1110 dilotId b Solis 1111 Pi.od.. 01101d 1 10414i.. gho'Ostoodooof O 5041 Got,y oITo 100100 of 0014.d Op I I Gb, —t1141. Pope ot 44 e H..d.o.1,3..qo,1'-d pby hoSp-li-d.. Borth of 00011144; diodl1586. loll 'ooool 0 Neo 01411 (041144d). 41414011' 4041 i1 Goolop Aiboot,l 01414101414g otobo-o L4th411011' Olod b 4't- of 5406.Ea 01 Tdott401f Po~tllod. Io-yt 100 oft~ 00111 tptII Sloth of Gootooo, ItdiodQ1106. l'2 1114' 104140001. toe PI 0401 Sooo-4.,i of Soois~od, 10410, in Poo lt o o f P-.-;oiod15792 0, t lloboooollol 04Ii' 11 4114 41041111 Is fi Co.goo ole 0000414 footdR O P110 Oop'.0 fP.1111104 pootl 0t-011did 1188 Oo5o iotftlSi-g11 oo-141 1506 The AllgpsOb 41- 6 0-es. lptbllMhfd. Foool 011 d to "foo of t.d~a.oy Slit~lola0 itgotdlod.ld Hot S-e. oln 04111 Solodh Aho 4.Y1 141~h~ 41 10oo I'~ltisMoodootn 01440 1000 410 At, oe01 40011t 44011101- loitop. 001601 oodooi 0l110b,.144 404611,t Sto f 1011 15 Oooo.I. SCopo nohtedfod hios 040111 Tb.ooogo B gotd1 tooOhot 541oh. odlb~tioo,fr tohooly Blt-b pM"O Hooop VIII. i 040111 Ato1d of O11o 44001lV. of 5100401t 4111. Pap M41p ' epditood to4th ofl boG t 51100elon Oiool (11440-11d in 4114 1000 o,1 041141. o 1014110 of0111d opltd DoC,1-g, dli1111 l.t 1l493ipi0101 0,oo,0ti. 001 4010 It. tlor 11. Lo-,14401 I., tho St.o~ L 00401, tI tuo 141 Sloth obyTanoeIdiodt04..itdotb 104 _14, IV 100 4 p. P1104010. SPopo Pt. IO oo Poo 114la41 -111414l -. iboloe Dooh.e t'.5 216 o tooop togood 401bpti4.,. 00410h of Oootp VILyden 0410,1 Plolevd~ P.i, - 00440 of VJ..oO Ootooo 041 1 0441 Lg'.oo-' ofLodI064 otoo 4111Ad 1i. of bthei Oootboplb Dtloo fdoo Fi-t 14100o 1 01 0- 114 Bibp. ~ b Mo-o.ooy 6 p dofoodod Opl t9; Dl 041411, V.oo'.o, 04 14,,. Bitth of Sb;eig, W d01pd01011do7 lot 1401Mto 04401, 44110111t ol) 040000 101 Ild.y Ito.tae top 40titl11 Qooot~ of 154 I-IV, te errbl, 1 igs,Oolo tloothot tgo A- D. 140 01000 tho R — 011 th~lho.t 01114101 i1 0144' bohoooo boO o1d '.od 00014 bo 00110 o 010.kl; did 16004. Bi0th of Spoo.-; diod 1599. 1014 Lody J-o G-y. ood Lood Gotlfood 01.d lop bhobodod. Maoy 0411111 Philip of Spain. 0001h o Sip Philip Sydoop; di4d l5lt. P-mti.of Pooto0stan.i 11104110. WyoOI'Ib. ooolsllpplOled 11 B~g. 1101 Tho 0041111 olty-l, 0461004, Ridlp, Rogoo., and4 Go4100P 01004 41 th1 Philip II.oi -lo.1 0011404. R.Iigioof poo o 0 A g4bg11. 0110's "Elog Jolo" If-sod. 115., 014014 of 0;p410 414 Ooodop, 000001 Phli~p IL. Nog of 14441. Ferdi041d, hi. b-th-, 4-eeds04111010 R~g. of 01141, tho gooatsto 1011000 11117 Sp~ll at 001 oith 041 046110 of StL Qlootio Philip 54101s Daoph'oo. Blilloth 4110401 14 Eloghth thtoo, N~.Ooo~tIblilbol tht OloolO of 0041404. 111 414010.is1 I K11401 P1411. e Tooatypof Coto44C401b0idood., W~tiloe Cooll S-llot~op in Elgilad. 11120 0141101 IX. lKlg of 4o-oo; 4ogooop of Pot 0100101 of PolotlolI. bOooo if Sp~io. Hogoetoot 41114004,t 0410 by 06111. 401114 ood Soodoo 01110 4g11011 PtI.o4 Pool RObyl, C-olo,o 1140404 Op Hitt163 0,lo kiloed,t tho iogo~ of0110 Toopootope-l4I oiHO tht Iogoo..tto Tho 0110041 P.i40 of Spaio 1001414. 0011 of DP.plool doed 16100 11164 04011004.1 40 Eiog of Gooo-o. BItol of Sb401ep1401 diod 4010. Bioth of 04111101 diod 1010. Tho T~ilolo,, P40is, bogoo. 111,5 Philip e1t4bli1he1 lth loqiiti.1411.l Hof1 -MarypQltolof SolttotoJoI Lood Dlol-. toy. Si. Aogotioo, Pbooid,, fotodod Op Mof11066 Coolodotoop of "0,104' (Ooggtol) 1441010 Philip'. Illoltp. bLtt 00041041. 041 o —,od to P141104 Hoooo.tol dofootod 10 St. 001.i; Aooo,'-dioo of 04P11y, lob. 3l0I Mlop 0110 1011 -othoell, M4y 114 1040 Ja-0 VI., BobI 0 0001 re0g1nt 1118 0110 1104411 boo- 41111, i1 dofofted bypM.-ay, at 0L0gi144 May 13, 114 0,0,41.iblto bioood. 11170 00111101 of 000110eI, Is Spaill, pot fot 011411 250,00 p011111 It 0t'ogtood, 41111.. Hoogoop defttolp 11100101 ft 0100.tr 1571 liotI olKoptoo I diod 1000. Spao 4004e owith Vo-1- and tho PtpI 151011 410 00110 BottoflooLepanto; Tooi'h p —oooodpplod. M..e.-, boufr, Oood Op thI ~111110 Looo..o. oodood; 040 b0oootj 004110 11721 Rolbelolt of Wilfi.-o t 004141 against Philip'. tyl4l....nf. "_ A0g.ft 14. 0011 of No-oarr.1 4-14101 104 010 10o- olp10 I4010.~ 00rth of LIoo Soo-oo diod 1024. 11014 0A41115, of BogryIlld, 40100 t-mo thO Borth ofl e Jo.d.011 pdiIdP d1od3t7 155Alizo.eth of 014410 Id, of Gool te p. T-o Holy 044411o 04,0a 1401od 007Booth of OobooRei p410t114 dbod l-6ft. 10076 004000 ol if oohO ~eooboo poo uolpho of. 0011 doolbof S5'6Bitthgofl' I.toh; oobotd o 1640 ood bolt0104 ob Fltpt'o. 11144016P25 oo;. 1577 Bit tOo 110001, ofte~ d Soo162,6 1579 1L404, booUtblot.ol 1 too I Slot of 0101141 of Sloflland diod~ loll0 Alvo of Hp.!go 01000111- diod g114. h HotyII. Iltod Op 44101 Ctooool00 ]Birthbo of Hoop IVe., of 1404001,die 164ot0, o So- Plil. killdooy h Jo.qe - EooooO.o of Heop QV,oo of tpol,:e1 51pbootit.oo Op-id. ofd t Bog.,t 010041000th- ofve bo Sp1.loII oobdlt4 bytho PDglk ofotob.. Hoopt 00'ea0141 bt,,o Loolltdo n toot 11011' of 001140ph 4 014 110Si,~ ohl of Poyood, kio10401 lBi 0 of 004111.; diod 0444. E ibofOt 141 diod 101. S 011 Bot o Sh-'li iokp; 4114 1000.fGi,, 1100 04pt-11 0 C00 by 0s. Hoi e1.1ty 0f Booodo4 fo'l.odod 041.9 D410thf Phlip 11., of SpO.i Phitbp III. Ioog; h O 0401 lot 300,0061 M-oo ioot Spaio Op A. 0. 1010. OdioDt ol 140411 lo 140 f PIotIItaltI, Op Hooop IV. 11011. tobell o of 0000e, or Tyoooo; doblo-t of th, Bogltih 1t 1141104601, _Otoop I0. ObOa-if-il Do 14 Boph. to 141400 Cootdo, to o1111 ho f111. Tho Hot of R-oro, oho hod gooooo-d 141-114 fop 700 ye-0, 0000011 0411111, BIbot of V.odylo, p410111; diod 1110. Bioll of- Volasqoos, painttor diod '1160. Modern History. 1t0O 0401001, of Hollan4, 1141P440 Tb, Dotch 040t IodiaC004'ty 1140 tooed wihO. epitol f$4410400. Chl-i,.ttrfdidg000ydgtf to 044001114,Borth of lth 4411614 Eoobo-dt; diod Bi1th of 011041 0 p1411, t41001 41101 PoPtlgoof. 0in6004114 toblool lnol IS1101 Bboo-o-tieoo t tho Barl of B Ft,:Pol — Aloegod dilooooop of 04101401 Op Pootl11602 Slogo of Gotopt, t-~sltod; 0140101. of S.oop 41114404. Ch.opl~iblI foir oo.poditio. to tho St. 1001 01461 of Qooll Eli-otho; 1110010 of Stool IV., of 00011414, to Eoglidt 01110 of Bnlgbod ood 1100101.d M..oh A 1604 01011 Iettb1001tf 1" Nool tootio Op Poot Roy.1, 01 Bly ol Poodp, fooodod. 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Page  XV i i ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL, AND MODEEN HISTOEY. 17P63 P168ti88's 880; 264188oscspto88 English ThEs Sody Hook lighthooso lost lightsd. 8. OG-oooills, E6glish P81ioo isc 1764 288418 of 2Iv86 YE., by older of11the8EBr1t26h par1liamen6 4658662 belvy 481116 76 bspot2.. Tbs Plltbeon, St. Genevieve, Faiss, M-odern History. F56o2 A. D6. 1711 tos tbs pesesst tise, by, CHINA. 29 Recesption of lbs 26g1151 Emsbassy at 16612 Ed4t18 gllsst Cbsistiosity be58s.2 of 11181 Je188 6104uibt 1' 88osy 6612 588sg488 82 168888 88t8blisbed. 1664 081888 18841 pslhbibted. 1616 018um elised, 11u111g 6188126 wi811 0818888 18111g86 is Caston. 6188g Kong 88ptu68d. 1646 888848 88181 E8g6884 folbiddss by lbs E-ope-P. 16141 Wsr 6116168 888864 t6 0b18'2 bod 61161. Villlsp 86 618 6811111. $1,000,000, Psep~dl~ts4 by Eops-ll. 61842 T...p s6 p8888, 81 261111, 88111 Esg2884, Asgost 29. lTbs 0b18.ss hiils 86 Osslos, Amo~y, Poolbllfll, Ni004po 814 Sbsssbos. 8p8884 18 Bitlish. 01888 pops $21,000,000. 1642 T888ty 8811684 by Qoo86 Vi186881a 864 lbs 6884 26814 8b880er 188884, Apsil 6. 2165 Rsb~llils i6 Q.o8-61g 88655 1114 2688118 864 18088188 61116 by 851666. 1561 26888888 of 8888 888184 to Chblsel slt0888880888 E'li8tt, U. 6. 26., d82t88ys 61657 Boloksd of 08618 btog. sI 66 Ob58 oapt. p8818 Cantn1b5 Enli54. Psglisb Evspy att18b5d by 0818168. Trsolp of p58856Signed 0860168 24. 688888488 86 P8818, 081. 12. R8t8fi88s118s666to81p8818b2 oss1a. Obi.. o 188d to pay18i8d816ity, 8n846o opologioe. Hebels dsfsstsd by F816ch 164 1161181 1104 6818148 sf 818-88064, lbs rosbel -1p-18. 0161 1051181888e E88bss.y 16s11 Usitd Ststss 86d s1ign t8e1ty. 1101 11811168888, Chilsse Embsbtsy, r1...18s4 1610 P88881 888681 664 166y pr71sts 1610 187 1811048. p86gi 1 ndgivs idlitPs 1110 181-T-Iosg of 888; bsss16st Em6peroP 81 6884111, 486. 88. 1875 D68811 of lbs Essps8or T,-g-Obl. J06. 220;18888 of Tsol-Tiss, boll 1111, P1826 0818888 saill88y 68816 Shbn.gb to W —sog opened. 01117 T88s181s 2888188 lbhopbh t tbs Eoopire. 1818 Tssoly of pso.- 888618484 88111 Sosl.. 1110 1888184 of Polopoos qoo-tor Is Oools. 1114 Tsotypof pools88ithsosls,1M6y11. ogolnst PF818e, Aog. 81. P8881b d4os8.op Kispol P8rts a1 P888 chboT, Aog. 28. R(spols of tbI Ps-oo ot T-..so. As-88 -1888811 of lbe Kinogs 881, 1688 4. lBo16o, K6888, 18p8888 by lbs 02616828, 0110 Loogos,. is 081818 Chiso, 80810884 by 188 Plss...b, PsN. 18; 860880184 M0888 ape088888186 88111 P8881e, Ap81 6 8g18 4 4 88188-181, 488 16. 1115 Ado1.ollp 68084 888018, Ds- 11. 1888 tf-oiogo of thsI88pooP, Psb. 126 0110 P1884 804 2888788 Is N6o81bh8 Dlstriots, ApoilL 1104-1 8808 88111 48118 old postlooed 4818818 1810 P8818188118484 88118 J8888. 08188 payOing. 04808 lodlsity sod -dlsnqolslog 188 118188 80 0888.. 8191 C18888" gop...... ts 681ee. t em 880041 by tbo p88868. Ho.i 4888848 888p88N Not-. 14-11. 64111 issosd oppoiotisg Ps-locs 0181 to 885 ge6y and 118 268, P88888 hs11 1808g881, Pebro88y. 161 o-ooi9 84p111 an 1eea 16p51si5.g RIspobio of Ohioo p88811116e4..1612 Msosobo dyna8ty 014188161. INDIA. 1676 NIbobs sf Hodli be..-so 6trbutaP5y 62 1881 28418. Co16p0y 16846 111eiva8 of 186841, 1Bs. 0164 087884. 1726 Tlsoltylwth 88181 sf ths1Deccan. 2767 Afllsos.o 8 161888 864 Hyder All, 1616 at1108 Hyde, All, a 2618161881 dvet1888, 88arches 86 484888 sod. 108p81 log8718 To-iolbi 1888188 816 BS.go.I 81158808888? Ho-Hogs bloopols goorloP of poop; boogoo of bobopy against1 Wsp1771 Pl-diocooo 1 pt16r8d by tbo 16818188. 01180 A.t88 toak88 by lHpdo All. 11tgSd8fsots lHpdsr Ali's 816v88188 of 1101 081881 of tbI loiplo 411168 of lbh' Nlson, tbo Mobohost. 8164 lpdl All. B eof 2880 P8818, Joip 8. Tooopy of 088618r 1818888 flotlogs asd 1.712 Tippoo SiIb, 208 of ydop.o Ali,2888 188 81688801618 of lbs P8881 8401881 lbs PoolishI 8881888826 1181 by 118 lolisi.h 86do, Ali 181116484 by Tippo.? SoIl, Tlppoo 6a18 80p18886 1848888. 1164 T8001p of pos8e18168loded 16itb Tipp.. I Pitt" 26414 bill P8888, P8811888116. 11685 Rtlo.s of 260888 H. hgs to Poglood. Sollode4 by Sip Jobs 26088188262 17160 L884 6816881118 appolntsd GOv-psror Gn168181 of lbIOndiya 081 6681 1118 PDolooto-y Aol p8...88 P-81088888 Tolol of Woooss Htostisos 8beg161 01 Wstsooo to, Holn 1 1888 open., Pob. 15618; 6268i406 p888881 P18888- 616 rs~ltios to lbe 188088, Joos 8 83. 16189 Tippo. Saib, 8868188 Tos-s68l, D68. 14, 11190 Tooo —oooo -ptolcd sod p1l6048814 by Tiopoo. Soib. T88.ty 88811 Moblllo osdosd 1111 L.o4 018888118. 10161 180401888 Tippoo 818484 ot lbs botldo of Adiklo, OMly 14; 1H85616g8 bgi.o 118 ad88lssabl 1181 Pssosoooolodod 88111 Tipp.. Soib. 1104 16118881 of 810818 of P881 264i1 CooPson fop Itloty y8881 Poodiobolop 68888 by 118 181ti,1. 01195 Wsaooso Hos.oogI 815011184. 0104 M40811 of We2l81op o ppoistod 08168118 1719 1810188 lobs 6lologopol8.Tippoo Soil killod, Mop 4. lls~ntolotlos 6 tbI My.-o to lbs rigbtfol Hisdol 08888818. 164jsb ot 88016088 8016e648s 126 p8880 to tbe Esglisb. 1680 68888048 of Sooo to lbs 1818181, 1060 Po.odlososy 40818 to P-018 01 tbo trelty of A88los 86at Pondsi, bst88088 tbo Pooo todio Lo88posp osd th8 Pollb88o,, bolsks -oP 688 Moboollo oosfodoooop. 6102 Ths 1114d Mobotto 1681 68 181181h, 616488 8816181 La018 dofsot P88168 osd 26018800180 tbsboattls of DHdbO, Sopt.II. Batlls of A..lpo M-268181 of WMslloslo, 88111 4,108 8888, dsfsoltt 10,008 8811888, GOnosoo Loll tobot Agra, HoEt 17. Tollty of P8088 8itb 6811411, Dec. 3026 16804 Ho01s. lops sille to 168116 G-8 P88888 4868818 Holks, ot bottle of D88,g No.' 026 1101 Tlosty of pe888 88261 H1bsy, whbo cede. BoodsOoood 864 otbor tl-dlosy. 1606 Motsy 888884 Sepby. 0007 Lood Misto, Co-o-o 0868886 p86088.ih -ac.. 180 d o- 18148 lubdo-; opot 1 atP 1816121 1184 2608500 86 Ho~tlnsg, OloloP 0868818 11817 260180110 8816f1d88ay disstl-d. Ah-8dsol808 88484 to Enlsgsh. D61688t of HolkaP st Msbodpos 11160 1604 of P116418818 wa481 pelce 16111 P1 -Ths P826164 1088814er2 1164 eode tbe 1616 loll beomoo88n dlpssodsst 1110 Lotd A88hor8t, 08848808108 1684 1888888 160 bogios; 1818181 tsks 1611 -1616 18181s1~ coplo,,s As.-~, Psb. 1. - 1888881 dlfsotod st 888 boStsl of P88888 1686 Blotls of p041088 2688 1848 1888881 P8088 48870884! Psb. 14; 188081 pops $t,lt8,lll ood ce8488rg 1t8-i1lo11ll. Eoolish tall Bho81poos.. 1123 Loodllodoi~k,O8818168 01168806 1.801 Ths 1688018888 p-lnlls 88840 0 18888118 -1110 61888 0148800110118 iotlsdulod lnob 1810 61ot-oop obolifhd lo tbe PosL. 8180S Atobos 8808 48010884; Oobil coptld by th8 PHitish, Aog. 7. 1141 Lood Elosboloosl 0888816880816880 11840 A-ooooo of Solod 48280184 by Sty Chsflso Noplor, Pob. 17. 1844 L-rd H-odlooo~ 08888168 Os-opo 10416 Pooi,8 p08 18188 Os lodio poohssod by Enogtood. Egolood ot 8881 88111 61111; botlel of Moodhol, Sopt. 8. t05 184ith 818108p 8888 60112816088888.1S48 1084 0.10816126 Ooveosos 0816160 26180 by 0816881 Glogb; ogolo do80264 ot Vysoorob~d. 0801 Tho 181h 8808 88484 1611 botles of Coo. loot C Psb. 11.e eo-.C — dr Asooodios. of tbe Rojob to 1B8181o8 do1110 Moflop of 88110 lofo.toto to Boogot 1002 PO8018088840016816800 Epi~e. Bo888o dop818od of 018 oosboopd ployPost 2840016 80181 oo.and 081848811 08884, loo-bop to Toosoh. Uoo 881,. too O 1~ 1tboo, of Post Iodio Bosgol pot 80488 0 1110118611 0888-1688 Isdioao Coll 618811 lb8108 IplO to 808 11614 00881060.160188816. 1601 0011,tto Roil88yop 08108. Aooooottoo of Godh. 1686 1084 6088014 oppololl~d G0ot-oo 01 -2187 Moflop 1881g 108188 184081161 161 1618 -1olkpo8, lBlO88pOre 014 68811688, Mlop 0. Th.s 888.. 0Ipoy e~bel~li 808 -880018 ot 2611806 My 1001 71111 181814 by 40,000 robsls 81411626118g P8-1101888 Ep88y-o; 88011618 sO C888p888 old Alloalbod. 88888081 1018016488 by lbs 1811261 tI 26116 lobib, 4088 25. Siegs of 18818888, begns8 40ly~ 11 G1.6181 Ho81ook entlos OstPoopo, Joly 1to vlotoop 8811- Noso Ssbib, ot BitbooN, Joly 18. Coptoll, of Delbi ton lbs rblsbd 6881. 208; 88881608 P818884 by 6618818818 Sept. 25. 16besb1 880184 ot lttlef of Cotospoll, ISIS BIslol of Potsegbo, 401 2. 611, CoilS 0088p1811 coptoos?.Lok.o88, Moroh 21. 18180s dtfeotldoat Ktoso,40yt14;st 88188 pools sobdos. lbe 88818s 18Ao Aot fo, tbs 880188 0081088101 of 8141 k188880 l0800 Aog. flbe Pot ISolo Ctoopop, S8pt. 0. Lo.d 6001000 88041 B,.t Viceoo of Is1800 881081g11011 doy io lodlo 808 pe016 8 Tho Poolob 26 lo do. pr-id-168. Pollloo~ dl 810800114c, 400. 25. 688 Lobosppo-tld Vics-ypol Isdi 1801 boa I604P42 618, Johb 8088881 88848 Vlossy. lootBeg- is41 itsd bypolotw-spsl.i.e 100 boO1 of Mopo 8180881 Viossop of Indi. 1818 Raloloo bslt8ssl Gokotto ood Bo8bop 'plood. 1110 A.-ossllo81o of Loood Mssyo, Pob. S. Lood Nothbbsook bslo8n 88268888 1114 T-iolb. 081 tblooghool 181806 187o T.oo, of Ohs P6008 of W68111 tbsoogh, Isdio;f 0881088 sO looobop, No-. S. t-8lt P818, of Wao18 sol So 10881, 268181 10. LoodLptto16 oppoitold 006118 01 -A 01881168 opoloos 108888 los, If 188,800 tQosoo VIotolls p8881108884, lo 8816401, l8P-Ss o.f 81410, Maoy 8. 08101 808808 io 816410, oostiooog leosly 187P Qosso 88181881 p808101884 P88p,-ss If Inldio, 81 08111, asd 88118 80881 808018, 187 oMs. lo lbs C8 ioopofll dos:1803 M18880110 sobRip lO-aol ot Lollottora opoosd, Dss 4. Dsoth of 0681. 0116. Psos1 260.1416 0184 Dsoth of 2616181 0100418 ISo, hod of P18111 sstlobotlos of 2618 Mohbob All, 261808 of Hpdsoobod, by Los 01801.. Tb. Colpolto 101818106 oH-sd, 2608 1 0. 881881118 spidsoi of 68811 P.o, ot 2604808 05888 80. 88h1 Ilbsl bOOl poosss 018 11408108088 oooool0, Oolootto, Joo. It. Pool of 1011810. soolpod to tbs Vilor loIyofIdio, Sopt. 08. 1084 Roop sppoiotod 80818188, sf 168 -boy, Dop. 00. 1081 264101 P08181 Poll 81610808001, Jloy 7. 1088818 sopsditios, oo 00110880, los 101610.,, No-. 1. H6o8tilitn oooosl 1088886, 18801 bp LisoL 0816. Possdsgot, 2608 12. Olso of 1088801 oloosditis...ly188' doN 2608. 1 0. Isolo givss plo-pt aio to Elgol.dd11g Afghao 8808. 61410 1814182. oolotooo fo Po4goood d-s' 8888 Msoools o 801040888 opplsts!d Got-' 11601 26-00088 of 1600180 t1bps 8164 Plgflsb 10001e ot 26811288 Mosoh 21. Dsfsot of lbe 26116126181 by lbs P1-g bobh, Mloy 0. 1803 Miots 810884 os to fss 2ss by 08418 If 1to5 Ossot slstbquokbN Apsil 4. 18082 KIog 018888 t-lsited sdia, 164 pssslt-sd royal 0811181, RUSSIA. f7tS Ws' 46810884 sgaistI Honlt by Topksy. 1769_,84 011610180 sf ths 08188626 81174 Aoqolsito of lbe Copneso. 1191 CMo-c881 rb Ili..8 81181684. 1180 P268 ps81l8sofP184bsyss 8 doi, PSo 26016.808181d2l6 e ha 178 s p88100009 of P0716 01040s264:1788 18811 joioo S- 81d1e f sgsd s 0000 S — 8slpatof lbs 8Polao8Pos Alsoosdsp 6it Esp8gl sosl8d b 88 6816 hose p-t181 lbs PlalOtOd ogo-sl Psols blobDat of Alstholeth;e688681 ofstt lb 1 loonloi of.Sth losokoobo e of.1 Usglndlos 18 1002648i MosS- y lbs onlss 8811i Ob oDee. 2 ol18ob 11107 _t Tb TP88sop Alooeods 888001812 lbs "89 Hol Alloos,"a bht88ossioHonir Ailso 0811 tlsoe of Osb8so AlglootdRlyi. Iososlsptof ofe B-soops Sopt26081088. a Mo 8811g Tosop Rodo gsshe l pbsa., R1261-to of tsh pso 00 b8b 1 Btlloolsoto slosbld, a on L de UsEf. bolosl-.f11otbfso 81 66880lo- 66lb Toly81Loo Al18084, bytee Ho426. A 1110 Cloo gsoo sgoisth th- 168Iflbe so ttosbopat of 6h bodpol P08811811..d, Polso sosO tof Kool, ato 052688 0818 Plot.o lbsh s8pso- t 81160 boy o-,boot1 'Hoily P26po. 6008 P811 of tho gPI..0 P o.c 808- 41810084 by 8814 Op OctL 26 boolloh 080 P8101 Islset sotsp lbs boo phboso, No-. 2. oltl fCtbb, los. 0; 168681012 do 8111108088 o P80018 014 Pogloodno oososod by T loo.. Todty bdt8801 E0g000d, Posc sod Top' tsp, Mossli 0. Booobosdosot of 04dooo, Apsil Of. Si(2gs of 11isri d, Mop 00. RSig' of bolli;ti poiosd, loss 21, Coptos 8 of 1016088080, Aog. t8-6 Hsooo s-opotss tbs pololipolitlos. BSo1sof thb Aho., SeptL 2;ddscty of Sisos of Isbostopol hood-, OtL 117. 01854 Botlels ofB.lolotlt-, 0-8. 00. Bottls of Ibl8 ---6, No-. I. Deshotbl thsI88psoo 1111181s 260018. 181 Sool-solloioboEtotso,001 1 Ho, _-ioo It 10081. Aoopo, 40166 26. 2688 188-814, Jly~ 16. Coploos of Malokoff 008808 by 112 P8101h, Dooth f Lood logio.. Ths i coitoI-Il olo Ssbo81opol ood 88 of tho hbosot; destlslios of Ohs R los 018 SepO Bottle of Ohs Isgoos; dstsot of loosloo by Toots, No-. 6. Aoososty g000114 to PoIsE, lop 01; to 5o posoos- of hootilitilo is lbs 0710881, Ttsoty 81 p5058 00 P-818 26oroh 30. 081888 s-osoold, loly 16 1800 Poslioal ooooipolio of lbs ssof 816 th1 18tI Moetiog of Ohs P88pssos ot Stottgo-dt l..ll 00818118 l880y 8813 Gi ss.. 1861 IOS-o-ostio is P01814 bogsiol Sobs I88p-ol -sso 0 485818 p8081d88g for tho totol ooolslbptil of lbe sgsf lbsooobool. lbs p-pios 16 1880 p1080; 2380008001 6126 28104. 62641886' slob. Oboo.gbool lbs -opbi8801; it Oo qosIlod 88001 48101 ss-siy. So81o1 by 708y g801084. Iopoosd pot-~lsgss g086114 to 112 46881 '1614 Ths 8808 in lbs 00050608 11414. 0001 161801 of lbs COoolo88lsb 261111101 st Niss, April 10. 2618 p8881008 of Toskestan It 0111181 tool Atts8pt by 26otobosoff to os...siooto lbs 0108, SspL. 18.Dipioooib qooosl 88111h 8888 058161005 of Poloo Als.ssder. 01861 Rososia.8881815 A~lak8 sold to lbs Uoitod stotso for $7,000,t000 Atts'opt'd......s ilof lbs Osos, 16 tots Asolssty g8016084 for po11t1505 8288811 Polsod diiispp-soo 88888 -po of!p1108 Sooilsistlo lollpirhe_ 088014 P1081188 0610 N toloily 1i2 PlosssooPsonb8 8808 doOollssbobolf repodlolo tsssly of 1861, 02 88g0141 lbs BlosO Sol. 56181 C-ofs-sosoflthspowels.oatLoudll,ObrO' 1114 Popoditlo ogoinsst lRiys, 8815120811 88261 of lbs Potpnro sf Ossososy to flop 2658 trsotp wltb lbs Khos of Bobbs,.. 0184 Mosdoags sf ths 188p1888 dsogbhs to lbs lobs of 6diobo-gh. 8881t of lbs Ep88-0 So Ossaooo Old 1875 Th, islod o2 Soghalill 18414 to fossIl by lopoo. Mop 88101 Kholood. Biltls ppoyioeso iooos~pooolsd 1108 lbs 01076 Possbo — s5 g058 lbs losog-st6 26 lbs Tosblsbh p8881114 of bobi sod Bol' Capt~r. of Kbobos. 081q8181 of bliso ossopleted. 1611, Ho do ds8188s2 88r ogoinst Toobly, Ap81l 14. MsliboN ostos As-osl 814 8,0812 Boy 8.4i, Aprll 10. Rooioss. dofeotsd sO 1018188, Mop 4. 26811 tOf 885808 A.88410, Mop 01. Pooopgs of lbs 101018 bylb th1164 DSolo NOlobob, Joos 22-21. Coptooo of Tioot-o, Joly 0. PIs-o olplid, lo1p 16; 8141188 by To-ks, lo1p 000 gosol dsfsot of Hoo 6 06 by Mothtop Po 18. b8l7 Ths soptoos of N,.opolil by lbs Rsonlol, Jloy 80. Ths Rosioos osoopy Sbe Sibpka PsI., lo1p 00. lS-sos t-sbtito is lbs Shipko Poso, dolIY 10, 18c 00. Hosoo 01101k Sto Plotoo. parly~ soooss2 Clol SIpt. 7-06. 01600 Oo oo victory sO A2626s PogI. Loptoso of KoS Op lbe Itssioos, sitho gosot dooght. No.,lIS Loglo.of 8 Etsopo by'lthe'oR-iln. Capt-,oIIP1,...o8a6d 0-0088P08hb0 os Iby Ohs Rb 101%, Iso 18. Pspssopsotooos lo IL. Pst2rsbulg, Dec. 188800 Iovet-sld, D-s. 84. G-o 00070 81086. 8tlb 16811161 Dss. 1810 Po.s —s -oopy Solo., Jos, 4. Sopt-ioss dsfsotod, Joo. 7. 010018 sOf 01, Shipko boss, by tbf Ho,' 61018, lo. 1, 9. Batoops oltlosbd 88811861 6181162 by lbs lsslo2opoy Philibpois, los. 18, Rssios 1508p8ti0 of.8481018511 181, Islibob fslee 111812 112 Daldselles, Jan. 21680168 evacuated by t12 Sossks, PsI. Tossoty If psots 4sigsd 61 661 Stefolo. Skobsisif osd Rods26by Iopt6Pe ToslIsh C-fersolsof0 5088188 ot loGis, loss 11, Sobsoty of 168811 1i80ed, Jloy 00. 1679 P1606 ltsoty 88101 T88key, 81806 PsI, 6. Solo-loff tt188pt2 SO assassinate lbs 0808 Apffl 14. Attsoot os lbs COsoss lies by_ sololog oiloop, 0e8. 0. Tlllossp- of plot to blow 1p tbo Mlotss 1886 Eplt-bi.O1 00488 401164088 56 Mtoft 01800 t-ooob s10418 tllsd.doo 8800848,! A-sso of 600800,8 Paris, bob. 80. NiO oEo S 0001 t 10. Pscsesbo1181 A..ssolistioo of Alsooodso 82., by booobs 118088 ol his 0088 05, March 08; oos 1880881 killod by soplosios, ooothsp Aolcl-o of Alsooldsb Ill., 8810os oob. slot'-dtsJilO188,ol. ooooot of fsop 8881o0 of NihiiO-O-~, Ap81l 8. Roo,obo~ff, Sophis Pi-oloby, Ido~boff aod Tolty ofpe880e 88th lbi-o Hod80081os. of 0 88 268116f0, Mop 03. 260111, to of Gso. Ig80000s0, Mop tO. Noo Nlhiliot plot dlspot-oosd, Noysobo-,. Po sl-NiotO spsspb of Oss. IkbsblsOf, ot D oth of Gss. Skbobdoff, l.1p 8. 0800 Aooldest to lbs Coo- 88118 hostiog, Dsp Lot. lood-st, ohi I of Polce, os~so soi.Lod bP 10001801. Iso. 28. C-osotois of Aloooodsp III., Coop of oll lbs Ooo,bos, Aoo. 21. 18084 A.80811188118106 msoodlog io lbs dooth ofoos.y 00001 1008 18. Goso.t t-os 0020108 OIL. 00. MooIogs of 1.8,, 0888101 to P8181161 00005 Atlolk tO tlb R,0400162, oodso Oso, boooooff, to Afoboo p02000811... 1100 boo~, slpolld 28088 ths AsIoll8 plOv' di64, ApHl 0.28 1004 Alsood p lL Coo sO o1 H~oodo d1s4 ood 8800soossld by Nioholos 28. to p-p war8 bQb5880y 10 Jopoto and so c-osooIdooblo od-otogss 86 lbs 01900 Lobo siots 00 18. Pst-soohog, 81500 kilsed 011. No2 lo.I 81901 Hoss.o~pOO 8808 118088, PsI. 1, 1004; sodsd ISp Pt 1900. 001-016I00 Pose 0016f1181181 bsld sO Thes 0000 Ppbdsolo of oboisoo p05g18 t-P 880O plo-boos,; 10,010 dsoths Plp88l60. 1801 P811618 Stolyplo 8800 10-os-sod. 0100- P188 hoioooust slob Too8bov; 00 1811s TURKEY. 1170 Hshdlioo ol All Pop ssppssno..4, Iso 01174 Abdol Hoold bosopos Solos.. 1808 Mop 88101 Hooo sod Auft81s; 416101 166 0080 ISelog III, lolIta of Soosbs. 0000 Tbe boooob, oodso Nopoisos, ist-ode 1111 Bolt of Aboobip-; PFlsb-loo8h 0 0800 The P0g4db old lbe Tuosbs; Nopoboos 01806 M5111881 Ali hopooo Poobo 26 Egypt. 168181,1h Isst psoss Ohs Doldooelleol Olollopho IP., S.tO.ls 01003 Moboood 26, Solos.. 0110 Moo ossg of M-esdsbn 1 Msbssool be0808 Tssoty of Boobopost; Ppothpoods fros Ho- of Tosbsy osdHoi 10815 Di60tsos f Bslooo.io, i6 Egypt. tool. Issosspllo 11 Mo1dotlo sod Moblosilo; isdsposdosss of GPsos 1110804. 01824 To-bs dsfestod ot MitylIe., 38011 Bottl of Nopodoo.; Tosti h fslt de t-Osyed. 1828 Mop with Ronloa; 6l81Ideb ot Asopo, oBsj 0, tobsl, SoptL S. Vosso osooplod by Roooloso, fOEt lb. soo,.Plolltrsotyof psse, SsptO 4, 180811 of Koolob; Pgypt81os dsfeot bsypt lot~-os Syrio. 1801 Btleb of 26oolob; dost sdofsot of ood desl-siv tUoty 8811 1608826. Hohsllloo Ito Egypt sopppssssd. Battl o Nooth1 Iboohioo 26810881, All's 1100,Pogbood, Ho, ib, Autio, sod P10410 old Tosboy. botH, s1 Bsysool; Pgyptfoss dsfsotsd. 1840 Tssotyp8ithbEypt. 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Page  XVIII i 1( ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 1910 Psoott st-o-o "Goo-oo Choos.y" -o-.okod, 100 p-510M doooood. Th. Sel.oiv-EOflood ot PoHi. dsooogs e~i-tdt -- $200oIIO,000,000. 1912 F-soo -..to sdoptd silitiip soistioo p-tgOmt Is ot.t $5O0tOtO o PIN..! AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 1711 AFt~Oi.ooooo so tCttlti, sod sthso pi0-.v 100 fooot obo ho.d.O o 785 otooooodoob1iohsd ioooop.g. 0000 Otst.os ofoos sssiodg -gtoo 0000Th Asiso o5Aooioo-topt thoeottto, 0f O;~ do,10 Os0-0 Mosoo,edoso 00 ttoo T th ot 00,~. Hotbotoodts ssd Miotdbtto, Vie OttO Psootito It of toootp boooiooo i Posoot sootoooD etO 0 Psooto Oooobo bhy Psootfo Coottoe dott o oof Aostotoosy 2 oodtos tt Tootp o` 'IPoosboso.. 34 1-h Ott Mosto1 otei dooAotd o toso,.i Moot Foo-so d.ooslt ofPsototI. t fopt 0 000 Oootol of btosot oo. Cooosos of A-t-lit, f. oooo C osglt.dosfi tos A,,ti..o idoo Otto Psott ot Ahott b-; P sdioood-tHsotoo Tsotdo o~to-oosos ViEO b thogtooot.h Pgtof Ptooo Mothosoet, Moott Li.e daioooghts,? of lo-i, HOOOO tossososto.I. Tiosso dodpt00. Tohoo L.b-d-os oooodsodi Po 0ig.-~!t T83 oDth0 50f F todioos.; otdOttot I t 183 os-ty odos goost wihod. g-d Plosogoo doooo to-idoosodo, Ast 14.Totottdfot o Hogoi os O oooooo Coooht Sottpoop otItt-oo.i~,je 3 000 -TS-.. tooosooojoossboboosodoo-osoof 001ThoO E joop oboE, boto Otoek Eooptso. 000Tho A-otooos sl s to. l~oit Vooiso-sfCtofoth00000001 of 0000 '4,9 p t Toototoos dolto.t o Mosetott, Mo 000,i~ Potos-o Oop-0, 01.t6 N05000055.1.dstos.oog otOYt. o Th,00 dl F00d..d icee lfPoot of hitt -phoos, dFp 00e. Jh 1849 S.tdis Os O-d to -ke~ p-e 000 ITPdo, dos,.g 000.pooooooo Cp-AoBoohy.oyoootododO. 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E totPTiletoPooMO,~ tooelg Sohpth Potdodf Oftbg 0 booposoo, Sooth 0001Tho oopsoos PCod.ot s'itsPo0 o C otto ~gof to loss-Slt s, ApotO 0..y Coseotfo of.t- plo.os of WOO7to g. olt Poptso. os OssooosodsdiOp Pdos-sot 000 Poo iotoso toi- hoiPosooso stohoo oft 1 soo- liht~ooo t-do opoogo16 0 100PToo RLsotoot;tov do~p 00 tbe 000 Pooololooodstosystoto PRUSSIA. 1780 Poth of F-dootdh the Posot og. 17. 1P92 Woo owith Poosto tot ooooqoo of thI Bodt`1 ol VoIop, hspt. OP. Poptsto dofoot of tho Psos go.oop of 0000 Poosoio s-s Pooldoc sod oq sPo 00009 W-oso to-dod It P-sosiao to hs posstito tot soosotlbO of II. ofPoY., o 00005 Tootyof btoooo Dotofo11 oS tho Pootos oopioo 1L000 Poosot so-os.H soovso, Po-s. BNtpoe 00 Jo-oo 000 ho.f ofOtoddo 000 to01ttog Nofe. Nopdlogolthopotptho13I. dcd Lopoto, Pot Til 00t toopoTo do.ooOolhOopo oo.i.d 10 Co io tooot pp to Poossh opto 1000 04 P, ll Poodooototaboooolshdooo-.. Bttobt,,go, topt 00.le 000 hoooo oSPodootIOOOOd I.,o 0044 t 00 of osootlOto Oh1do6 f. 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Page  XIX I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL, AND MODERN HISTORY. 1-866 Tllaty of Peaoo 81118h 1-p - 01818 1811. Birth of Will881 M. Th888kooop; dild P8__1188 81 181 818888 0G-.. 088126- 1812 1r1g1ish 11828 018686, 186ig8 816 '18t. 1id086th.ilod, olPl.ooBdljo. 11181 81188 t8 P-818A.i.. ~i8 of Mo. P8,80i-1, 881 P8811 18317 88828086i08y 211218 82 188 P181188 Mill 888r, by Bel188gh-8, 11 881 118881. Di8t. 18g88088g of 888 118816 818 w118 881 P1818 81111 f11 11th801P18 1111 818688 6881 88. d 170 1868 1P. 18818h h!..vi~i- it 81 08808- 118088w 116 178 111 P...1 pC 11 81 1888140818 11888 81i18101188811g 8810 P-808 2-801 818 og~if.t P-s228. P-088owith th 1181186 818111. P88... 18881111v 888 18pp088 o 82 011181 rt 11,88 08ho2 11861. 888881. T8o8p 81 08811, D-8 14. dolro80081Id68f K1g Willi.-,81fP182 188118of 9818888,81611818818888881. 11. 1 N008108 I. ool 1 (8..lGo812oy8868888.)P18.-1witPh 818 T81 88887 of Poool8i 1188886 1817828 If 288888888 88 Tipp..8y, 1881816. G,8188p Pr080,1 0888.80 18898 P1i182 88-. 1811 1888g 9111881 p8082181186 l-p-ol of p886 If 888808888.g Gotn-loop 216 88881886d t V11888l8, 18-11 Agri0018-881186W88888l rots. 681. 18. 18170 Sp-il p~py-tl; 8810086d. 1800811 8188 008 R-.oo Cotbollo oloogy. 1208882 Co8p-2 88. 88881202781626 1878 C_00U- 8f0th8o10811888by8the8g10880- D-th8of10800-810bh-10001, N-06. -10088888carry1it.8 ----181 0-200 Tri0, of 8806 H0080016809080tl. 08810 1818 B8th0o16J.80A.t07110F..de. 1888 1To-blot 81818 182 18818 0,Obo. 888- 0818 Q-10 18080088 8188, Mop 24. 018. Thep,loop 108. P811~ 800 -ly 88t. 1884 18008112 81888 th1 10811 8818008! bi,- 18888 of R-kfib 00.dCt~lvbhp gv.s 6 01120 10888 of George Ill., 688. 18. Tho 00Cohll 8bytgooloi2 01 80881t 888087000y 681800111, Pob. by 01e 1g1188011. 20. Attoopt to 8288188 -8o1o8, Jo1p 18881 of Q-oo ~88001.e 18. Bioth of Hoobo-l 8080088. 1010 0o82oooo82 of 182 10181 Cotholio 80 8- Bipth of 088og1 Meo...oId. o Podo Deoth of 010888 0800180, Aog. 7. 1818180i ogltotiol 18 Pr28118 boot -008g ho080. Ooooo.oooo old 8188868881 floot Cotb. 182f George 80. 80011d, Joy 819. PH 18881g. 18206 llog Geoorg- IV.~ 0880, 80002816. Npoo CoooOitotio. 860p886 by 188 Poo- 0188 880.8' -tog- 8. 208881.. t`1_t St88t10Ch.-h. 88880d of C0.0000068 1818 816 88188 -8d0 182 ofriolol 1oog-og~ 1806 PloO 12 hoolo' Ioo 88018 8816. Io Po-E-liPol816. Agiotloo. 880t 0801s 806 cooporolloo Dc~li.of Coohloll blobo~p. lo M-o- 8012. 1088, 806 Cologol. 0008 Eoglloh-B0,-8018 (See Geromanp.) OS25 Th1 goool 8008 -8 18121 0il.008d io Eog1816. 0187 1 p6 Cooolog PolIO M1oi~8o-, Lood P808888 i8888 11or1tory. GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND tlfoo fleo olo 811o8,bfd gp 1000 R-o.0 Cotlioli lO8Of 1il1 poa-d, Apoil 01015 Aoooioo 81881 Aol p82216, M oob 22. 10. Doolb of t,8 P1 oft61-, 88 188e 08088 rioto l L-pdo.. Pooo oqoot po8828hp6. 0000 lo.0. of 8100110V. 81861 Bioth of Ioo.. 182881188 8016 18481. WOilioo I9V. — ol, t81 Jbop, 08 26. Aoodooo of 1182 1081616 0088000, of 018~ Lihoopool od Mooohp,lop, Woll'. eigilOe. 08931 T],o 18 -Coo d080lo opo-d. - A8881180b8'o Jolly. 181 0ool-o 8881 0, J.106 by 181 Lordo, 18818 of tho~ pololoo, L1 d117f p 0000. Oolt. 0. 1880 Lood Noorth'. o601108y. Piot,; lo 0o,'fDt. 10. Cool..'oyogo io 08810818611.. 8001817808810. 01781 Eoghlof 1180182. Pportod.01832 1'1-Og o of tlo I oo lish fffo 1811, 10188 of b!o Wofoo Scoll; diod 1161. 6018 1112 Wo~oO ooog 11-gs. lodio. booth of Si, 0 1088- So8, Sopt. 2. 8888 8008861 of Lord CHo,. Pooogl, of pe Iris 0Ifo-ol Bill, Aog 6 -1775 800011180010 of tho A8118lo8 Rlooolo 8348 81008y 80082 bio 80001818i 001, (ooo, Uited Stoft,9. 100681 00800 116 Ooy-o 1808,. 18808 of Chooo, 811088 dipI 1101. L088 Mo i 0810802 1108 llo80h of Nlllool"dpoffooad foll. 01015 008p008t0 10080 to poo-od, eppt. 0.:1008 nopol Mriolgo Aot. 811 Wolloo Pool P08811 0111101.t 81718 18818 of 881 Pool of 08018181. Vl8Oooilllo,:od. to 181 188011, 6011 10. Rliolf 8111 foo 11128h 088801101 p81116. 81810011 218111d 11081 Ooot Britolo. 1ip88 of H. 1811180 6816 0810. 1088 Q,,-.o Vfolop, 81081886, Jop 28.8 1801 Rodoopr 111008 02 Pool 8181 811ill 16 Joly 21. E0881ot 008880811t~. 81000018 Molboopoot -i~htry. 1180 8006G-g 018800168'1 "No8Poply"1rit-, 08 10818 08E~hi~ 8101811880801.. i1 L01601. A188-0s-oioo of tood N1o188882y 11 I88 Bloth of 080.1007 6186 11842. foo~d. 1101 1018111 8090888010t1 001601.o 0880 Po-yopft800ff.g.087111.td 1010 Elgol.d 1000180dg-1 tho 11611116188 Tho 0988- 80 P81081 Albolt If Sboo of 881 Uolfod Stotol, Noo 80. Ooboog, FP88. 80. tool lolek,gh-ohoo 180086 -iilotrp. Oofood', 112800 08 181 0988,.81 10. Cpot.op', blobT 0011008001. 11841 Bioth of A18810 P681006, P8110 of W1000,, 17083 o 0080081 - l ry. No-. ft0. 181888d 81081 08888 Tippoo-Soib. MiloO,Oy of SilobpptOPeel. 1784 8S010,0t of 0188 000068. 18402 Job118010l1110181pt01t01.llfthPQ-.o, Bitoo of Sdolo 80102 61 1882. Mop 20; a 118016 2tt181pt by Boo.,, 1709 Bioth of D, Qoiooy; diod 0800. J6811 8. 0-780 Attooptod ooooooof tho Kiog by 2180101 181 p~oblobod, Aogo.t. Mo"go-O 1888801s 102019 P8088 81808 08810, 11880081 Bioth of Do. Cbolooooo diod 1840. 21813 Go-o 18880888. ololt. Fr-8. 0.708 Tolol of 91000 1.Ooolg8. 0884Th E-olpooooof R-,si. od King of 088 BIoth of Lood By-o; diod 0828. 1880810008~i Eoolood. 808601 18088 fooodod. Tolol of O'Dooooll, ot Dob~lo, foo 0168 -Booth of Sio,1. Doop di681 10129. tioo 8 bio 880088080, fop, tod foopots00 000,0 10281110 0080101 pobliobod. 880, od oooqooot 111211 28881 9180 PIooologhoo Hoto po-ioo, Oopt0beo. 0008a Piglird bgloo. 000 81108 P,.o.o. loi ooyitor0 Tloootoolo,, 101010018y. 0009 S0oo;poorloo of tho 1188081 Coooo, Aol. AoO8 8081 1881~ t.. 080 th018Ob P11188 1oC 01848 188p ol of lh 8000 10811, Jooo 80. '1700 Ao~qoitol of W.... HO02A888. Oo88lootopo Booth of OooI1,o diod 0800. Pood oiots 18 Tippf-op. Copo of Good Idopo dooblod. 1080081111iiiiotrp. Poloop of IWo1eo 10810. 087011 of 1, 87 Dool of O'Cootll 'Mop 80. 18800181800. $0,800,0 00 -popodd by 181 201188000 Bioth of P10811 08000108. blobh pobofloo, bpodpd by 88188, 0'Bioo,. 1800 Coobh pooooto.opoodpd, lob.27. 0188088, tod 808882, r-ppoooood, 008 Doooho(f Edootdld.C(, Jolyf29. thb.108d-182801 iedtd0016 th88,Oct. 9 1Tbo AotC-J-obi..- Cbo188 io 1871006. 1700 Bottlp of th1 N0Gb; -go800080t0ry of 1188 0010800802 10088 111811101 108181880 Oo.booo Coopol Ao- gooio oopodl~d, Tblob 18188181806 Ep11011 Aol 71211. Sidoly S-ib of Aooo. 0101888 lCppoolo lo 101816. Gooot 1188h ooboloo.; dofoot of 082 Th Q-09oo hiOit foofood. lot 8. 0800 18808 of Si, Roboot Pool, 016 187 bob 1-teof 200-18101, Ifoy 23. of Coooiboidgo. Botoof A~ft800; -poto.r of 081 Bogli~h. P100.10-0010 to 09001.. 110 101 Ir obp-1,1i0 800pl8000y.oppooto 6.:LO5f 181 hooft "Gopof 1088801181" Ip,,-d, 18000 l000180 o tt-ptl to 0102101811e tho Moy C. OloIt 00811. 1011 Dooth of,llotlloolo, Sopt. 14. C-lot of Lood Mooooloy diod 1808. GOr, ol',f I1012. Nohoo'olloetoyoftCopooholl. 1802 loodsh 106 P88108h folptop 181 Boo Oolbot 00010110800.opoodbd, Apoil 10. pho-o, Oot. 18. P~cof Ao-o.., OoC. 1. P1000001 booooo Eoolood, Ao18818, Ppoooo 1000 1888h of toodoop, p8001088d60d 0881. ood Poooloolg-od, boo 0. 106 11 dobtood ogoioot P1081004 Allio81 880188 loglood, PF,..-, ood MOhoott lodE. Wop, Toolkop. Mopo. 12. 00800001.ti. of 011.0 0010. 10. Ooyoof P81001 opooed by 081 Qoo-, 100 Bofflo of Toofolgoo, 081. 210; llletooyld Jooo,00. 6881 of ldooo. Tlloo.y 8108 tho 010806~ 011111, p-goodiog Bioth of Lood Boolootlold, loihooy8018 1,008 Birth of Willioo E. 010610018 1808 11108108000 of 187 AboodCi,oooitrOy, Doohb, of Wi811008 PilO tod 0801111 J... 2. 688111,Poo. Lood Poboootol oppoilftd 10811 Mtfoh0007 086181 0000081 ogooof 081 Bob1 too10887 Joo. 0. 180i of 181 loopeoo ood loopoo of Tho Alrk"I 8 O210 01862 obo1i,od, 110001 to Poolooid. Moooh 25. Tho Qo- ood Pdooo Alboot dolIt boooh of 00161181 H-0y 10810t, 0881r.oo.ooft of tho Eilog~o 0181. 0801 P80028108t looto pooofobood, Ap8il 19. 1L000 Wellfky poooo- tho 1010. Woo 81001 Chi.o 19-q.) lotloo of J..o,68. O6. Bogo.d of 8188 oith Pooo.i. Q"Qootootly 110880 1001606. 1ooo~tlokoo by P010 oct. 10. 219010880881 of tho bo~ko of ToOl. 11gbi~ 8tloc 101818, bo. 10. 918888-8 oopodtitoo, Aogoot. 1001' Bogoo og of tho Ioto 18ly (too fobooth of Si0 6Jo. M-.8. 688) Iolootigtgfo lob oodoo ot(f P7117111 - -- j. Opoolooop-oioot i.olllood bf Oooofto. th,ooy oolo of tho Bobk Chooto Aol Bifot of 0. 18181008 dild fool, of 10448. 1008h of Alfred Tooo.y-o. P-860 8101 Ooood.2, by tpooty of Tobooo..:1118 Thlloodod80dloooN-o.03. 1101801020080. 0010OoooO oloo 1111 Moootog. oflthoPrfooo Rbop1lto Polo 1102 8g08000 foo Popo of tho 112 P80688180 Wt80iooo, of Pootol, J... 2o. 1110 Tho Pdooo of Wafot dodoooed 112018, booby-Diooeli ooloftop 1088106, lob. 26. P~b. 0. 60810s8 dioobilitlol 118880, Jo1y 01. 0081011 0012, 10.- Too ~oolpioocy ood lolootoop, 8011. ThboP ---. 0108601 10006 foloedhby P.0201. boild lOopod.l, lop!. 10. Tho lodio 1011 p1108, Aog. 2. 0800 181 gv8801010 of tho tool b~di 0081 -1808 Elglood dooloooo hop oooetoolty io tho booby oto~top d1ootod oo tho oofooo Ioooolootloo of ooloofoo fopot Pol oo 101088 o1ol80088y foooood Jo-c tood P08011600. 0168281 1811818r Lood St8080y S8000000y foo loodio, 0808 00810008880 Oo88y wit188.PoooolootodfwitohbChi- Ot. 10, Tho Polooo ofWolot 1888- tho 001011e 0000 booth of thoboDbooh olllo,08th908'1 Ooooplloolloowtoh tho floitod 18810t 01 Thoyp-`o80880dbypthIU.OS.000 -1 1811,Do. 28. bootb of Albor, too Prio 000180t, bDTho 090880 p8080080 oootoolty to Aooeo- lool - 18 88008 isre iooooloo oohe i otOty 1 OloooogoiftOoooio AtO —1- to toof of!,i w110, JiI 0-i.. 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Aofoo 01888, Abypi.i PTy8 810 of Boo Ghod0rlo9Od.gfAb, of reIto07010'ooiy 71 Ibo~ Codoho Poll -to-8801 loglood. 132of tho - Jodfooob80, Aco. 20. 1 do7ootd ptodoooo tolol Pob 00. do ~ 0178 1018010 of Ibo..d -oo qo f-o.1 fod~i-, Jooo 19. Bolgooloyooloooltl poog-.100011d 18 -Iogfoodti-oobpooo BlogOto D-27 f20l boko of Modboooogbf 1161,. too-.t2o187t 18d1 6000 _1 C8,fothioo. ploi0 -60801, goofh 2o0oo 1 1706 IS7 I 79 18 0 L & 2 Olooo-t-Ibohoos lolhoodoloitoy. 01900 Tooooo-lI ooooblic tooooof to 01181. 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Page  XXIII SUPP1,EMENT XXIII. I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODEEN- H{ISTOEY. I 1888 11j0,1-lhE IEEE M1. 51108184 Epp~iltld 8t1 thooooo.d of th1 looPy, Alg..t U. S. 811081 lejelt. the~ F1811011 811187, Algolt 21. IIIOE0IEO0E l-l~lgad po011111e thE E1110E810E. Alt. logol 21. Flood, ES AogoltE, Go., d41t11714 58-,. I00I,000.thoLE pEIpU1ty, SIEptS12 Bill pl-bIbiti-g Il-ig of 0181111 8lb..,opp-lod, Oxpt. 18. 11pt11b11 ELIt 8011114 $1 81 Chioogo B8814 of Tpodo, 111pt 129. U. S SS10-111E10t0-IS101 t1 8110 -LIE," Gct. 228. ThEE "850-1E111" d110oy 111118 to hood Sololl Welt -.d11 poloio, 01t 14. E1EIIE1dby'teEP,1ide1t0 OGd. 20. ti.-10~ E11ot101 loo P11114108 th1 El-, Ofp1111111 lI~didolol 1111114,d Nov. 0. -bOelIofldOIth. 412,..4 of e4,701, t1 J-!k10101101, Fo., Doo 80. U.- S. 1100111 10~11 1 Y" tO s11814 foylIlIpyl to d11000d4-1111110f thEo 0171118 Eopo~llo, DEoo. 12.:1881 01118 t8111 i1 P111-1'11-11~ -1111 Gllv 1o~t otPiotlbogh.d R..dioo, J- 9 Niogo- Sol;pooliol Boidge 110w1 40110 ot 1. 10., J.-01. 0. D517811010 Of Ag111111011 c11-U1, Th. St1t11 of lNIodE El S.oll EIkoto, 8111111 -od 1101E11gt01, 1110014 by 001j.g c, PIEb. 200. Op,,IiT~l of th0E01g1IE'1.. o100E11l10, Ap,11 00. 1181411 f5, Dr 11111 ola C111110, flop 4. D-t-ctdi- byp flood of J01o1oo1t111, Pa.1 1007 to 10,100 1i111 10881 0111 $00,. 1000,00 110111 Of ploplrty 411t00y1d, d,,dgI D. S. Tc-p h101 by U. S. Mfol.,Eol Nogl,, d~fl-.di~g J0,1111 Fi1l,1, Aog. 14. Wolhiogt.ol,Gobt 16. 00111 1100 SooE 811014 odoittod by poool.ooodo, No,2. T1111 of 010011.olpI181 N1g8 Aog. 80, 11414 Sb. 18. Cooghlio, 8001011 11d Solkl f.o.d ogilty, ood 1111111 001e 111811111 11011, 111110 ~11101 t1111 711111 EoBgg. 10014 doot goilty. Dodid 01. 811111 lppoiltd a 8071111 Coot Jolioo, D-I 4. Booth Of JoSfoooo 80011 1181 P11..4111~ of lhE 08181411011e Slotb,, D1- 6. 11908 Appoiolooo olf Sploidl W0114' F111 001 L. gdippo ooiEII~coI pre'oloo, l ooogho theo 110111111 1814 Wol~tol Slot,.. DEath of G-o 01001, 0t 01111g0, MooL Aol 1pp10114 providilg for 81, Wo01d'. 0010111111 Eopoaitit, at 0111110, D11th df 0Ga. F1811-0, of eoo ToEE Oily, Jofy 18. Firt -oyoio by,foolddlpy, It AI~oIO, PIo,1, 1o51iloloo of 011110111 11111, Aog. 81. Aol fooliddlhg th, 111 If th, 11111 foo 1011111y po-polel,!pp-o-!d SoptO 10. 01.1141 111100011 Elot H-..f of REpl — 110101101 D-1100110, Nov. 4. Tho 511, C..glff 1001811, DEoo. 1. S~ittog BoG1 114 11110 othE Iodloo, l~lod 11- 10004111 Robk Agoooy, SottIf 1 f Wooldod Eot, 1111118 811 11 0011111' 1101 ho-1111 lodioo, Doo 18811 DE~th of 01011 SBooooft, 10101001, 10 Wa7~1110110, J.E. 10. D14t1 of Woo. Wiodo1 10 1 1011018 11 Noo Tool, Jo.. 00. 8E~o1110101001M0otloy Cooglolo 1118 ot 1811 Applilotiol 117011 81, U. S. topoooo' Uooot foo o poohibltioo So thE U. S. EDiotit Uoool 081 011 dodl 11 thEo oBo~ioo S-o 0181110081 by 041001101. 111111000001, Jo.. 12. Si-o Iodioo 114 110114 by oobooisioo of lthp Go,1010,, J... 11. Eoipcoolty t1081' 11110 Bo..dl.......o01, DodIh of Ad4,oifl Doold D. P0011, 0,1 W'l.loolo, PoEb. 013. Death 0 1181 Woo T. 8111108, 10 W411 -ilgt.lE, F,1. 04. C0,11111 00111, of Ohlo, app101114 80100 8411' of thEo 11111.-' PoEl IL Aol 111~001g Uiroot CboO of Aypodl. Fooool 87004001. Eilf p11114. 1to01 1. Tb. 0pyrig1t bill booooo o I.,, Moool 11117.olboilod, 114111 0. PooPo...d 0110010100 ol oBoo~ig 810 41,1011, 11011 11. Ly11111g o 18 8t~1i401 ot Nboo Gol-oo, Mlo rogo 1104 01'. l,111 4 A1110010 Soddey of 1011018 101111 lop thEo p101011108 of 11000111, Moooh 00. ERo~11 of th1 000008 11181111, El.o 1111 10110001001 of th, foodfiog of 01, 0111,4 Aooy of thE Ropoblo, Apdil 8. ooood 110110 foo th1 0181 101111 1,o York City, Ap-il 00. hEo Ao-oio.o ll.oit-o, H. W. SBlOi, Fool BSoolbold 800010,N. U., opoood f11101100111~, M0y 20 'Tl1o P00p101 Pooly" 1011110 ot Co.oioooli, Mop 80. Ljoollo P~ll, Chloooo, Moo 23. Roo, Il0., ooooil,0, Joo 3. Uoooo01ly 11101 0 10111'l11 101110000 801011011 Of th1 0111018,lp, 80011., ot fooi-o, t thEo U. S_, J,,.o 4. Oloh1i1171000 of bloolo 1lb foooo COOi -— 1, J..oo 15. IE010110i00~l PooO~1 Coogoll hlol of Vioooo 0111141 to hold ooot Coogooll oW '~biogt.o,t J-o t85,8pi Toooo 10041 boht oothel Bpoto toood, Agoiolt-lo IEopoooool, Jooo 00. $100.00 oooytod fooo tOoot.fo i.. ti.of tho U. S. NooVigooloo boo,, Joly.. Lib ooltdo gdi,O.tthEo —oo -dooootloo 00 th1 Itoto, ot S.o Miooo, Joly 18. L-odooloo, 11.1 J.1y 21. 811000111 701141 1r od too 811 toot Uooo by thE U. S. GoooooJoy 25. Th. "M~oo-ti" bo,, lhEo 0111 0111 oo, 0111 EMog 04. 101. So,., Ao0g 1 t11'hi o, log. 10. Eoto 110010 -oootooot ol Midlood, 01h. l1b-, Aog. 80. I dioo 1~1011 ol 01141011 opood, Sopt. Do01ooti Oo of P0p1 Lo- 018. 110181, Pre11001011001, 8118. 18. bdood Soofood, J1,_ Uo~oiv-l' ot Polo Alt.,a0., opood, Go.0 Eq.,ooij~ dt oodbOoodt 141 Liooolo Pool, Chioogo, 001111101, Got. 0104101, GOt. 01,. 81011011 4101 Aoopoboo 8140181,0ll 001 U. S.a 5 001110t. 01oooOct. 17110 U. S. -1000141100 0111 Bohriog So~, 11118 11 811 U. S. Soploe- Uoogt, 0,10111s 11111 Mo. Uoi;p, of 81800101 obo,o 811011. 51 1 1118 S Soooo Cool1, o.,- 811Egl 111 poitold by th1 P10041810 J bo. T11rible 11181 -opIosioo 10 MoAloftlo, lod. 11-., 811101 100 loo,. lobt J... 7. Sooootooy 11171 81010811 00001- 1011 -lob, of 111011~001' 101101, s,0 -qolo-d by th T.17off L.-, J..1. S. Sp-idl 1111141 to o-gooll 11011 th1 to thE Wo1d'. 0000101040 Eohibitio81, The Poooidot 1011100 oo-folpoldool wothb E111~14 to Coogoo-, oogoodiog 1110008111111~ W7. R. 11011111 11110118 111000 Co.. 110110, 1110 Jodoo Uooloy, oo01ood, M1111 00. Fooo Silvor 1010011 d11411 o 00010011, F1101 oh 080~401008 T-oofy 11100, ThE Silooo lilt.1olood, MOf,oy 18. lh. Fooo Olol-1 bilpo....d, April 0. Utoloootio biotooooo ootth lo~ly 10 -0111,io14. 81111~ 1110100, S. D., opeood, Apoil 17. 1110110011018111011 to Bholdog ig-A, Aprl 16. Tho P-oo,-to 8700010 obehoo So.o U. S. 01110111 T0-011 1011018e Swit-00001011d It.01y11g01dAp0i 009. Tfo P-o dool 0 ooO. I fooo 1001 1400011 100011- Ooo,wb ToO City Ap,11' 27 Chhoooo Oooloioo 1101 8g1004, Mty 8. Toooiblo flood, io the Misot 81771 Volbcy, Moy 1-11. Wyooiog 11100088 110110 18 00000011 Ropobliooo C.ooloodoo, Moy 0. T11 Popo! ppOlf Aoohbidhop lfodood'. ldoo~8ood Polloy, Moy 10. Aooodoooo. of Aooodol 1011011 8011114, Moy 10. Eooipoooity ollfh 08110.11 0011 S.ol Jooooo 0. Solo~ r.10010. 80100111y of 01110100010 lNltotol Uoooooio hold, Posoyloolt oollof...opoditloo, Rolld 11011181~d, Jom, 81108 o.. ltd too P1.oIoJoy1 G0.... r PI-ol..d...d Ad].!8E St0~8800018r0tof P111i110 1100dtof 00111 Uoo.- io 0 10 oo ob 0 f001r10~0,c ~.t, 0111 1'0. -~ f01 0 boilmt J00111 4oy 4 too.doJoy, J6 y00 0o., obold by. odoooo 01011. 0 Ooooo pIlo Ibootoood by 1o4too 0r At d8 JooMoo-U.t..l 1o. Oooo C. oooodl, 001.- C 101. lo~0 lyt80 C.o,,boo Ooioob oojoot8 ooooollo3 l C17001011 RP.lo, Jog.15.8.,Jy27 oppdolod-s by OIo Poloo op l..g P ppoldoot p100150,008 oolololo W00 180011,r 110.g00. Oroo, 0.001, lo.,Ag. 01. 85o~0l ftOoooo Wl.tli11Col, oo-etboo, oodooos00 og.01 10001o~0 of1..k 0. Wlltdoo, t1010 8170 1 ooocood, 2.00%, AtoO 81. D01110 ofoologotlo Willtoogo. 010001 II~,-Go.g 0..21 log Dtho, It C.o~o W Gol.- 00. et.7 -doo 2011011, 810. 81 log, o.8 80040, 00Che~.,O810121No. 0 0118 of Joy-k cod,.toopG81lilb,oild 8001118h god 04 dlfdioltd it Wald, hoot 000011lo UoyooofI Choo., Nov. booooo t0ik. boooat lo H 0ccd oo.., d01 11011101 tof lb Nov o 1119 ol. po 1100 hd of 1101111Ad Eo-loito 0. DEotlo2 Dr. M.lo.-Pgotoldo8 p0.E i88101, 0111. 1doboo odd80001000 d11'-0 8. ootloO D111% Jo.0. Proof of 00110 0.tt, EOooh, 00y1110T 7111w YoOk D10.30 SC-to oofo otoolo AolI P-oo tlob of-l JoO, O1~y1 Ooooooo Altg04 p100101 Cbie.180 08 OooolOoo 10.Wo. d 281. 0 10811 Bolio tolb soof oooood. cit~ Jooo ~8~ fr 10 t4 Wolog. lb r 4lie ot 01018 110011 00 Sooll A~otlo.i coot, log. 00. Wob-l 1~01014 tooldoo, It iohgl;bofy, 14 billod, 41 110-dod~, Sopt10. 01000g. Day ot tll WoId' 70110 1-t 00001401 711 11814 Oct 011109 G. 0 Ropo.1 of lhb 11001 Poooo,o 011010 f001100 e0010010101 0~1' lold ooot Ttt. e ook Stt00 J.o. 10. 70 II I`l. H1001, Joo. 08. U. S. Wooollo loooooogo 1110080 ol t 41 Oooyoo of tho Coofodoooto A1~1.001. 1111.10 00 llotoodoo Ie o Pob. eoll Of Gooo gg W1. 01114,, phl-lothoop180 ood ioooo.1iti, ot Phllodotphlo, PIE..tr Noo York 101 118114 by tho GOoooooo, PoE. 01. BSoldog too poodoooOoo. iooood, April 8-0100titi~toio..loity' of tbo Sooth Coo0110,Apr il 20. Ooooy', ~0111'.. todod Wolbhiopto, D. 0., April 00. Go. Toloo.go'8 Tob-oo-1. 10 Elo.oly dlstooyod by 001, M1~1 81. 0007 bo001iogo boooJ Op 100e ~t BoAol, A-ooboo Rbolfoo Uoloo boyoottl Poll1101 "OoColop4Ey. Aff-todll0,000 Aoooopl~to 810011 010011004, 0101 29. U. S. Co-ot 00010111 80111 1111 E~iloood 00011 dodooyp 10011111 io 01 1000 Chioogo, JoIp 0-00. Eollood stol o! dodol!d 001, Joly 18. Woolk 00800 01 ot Poll. 0~, 1l1., log. 2 Goooiioo Ropobllo offioiolly rl000010d, log. 0. 68 footooiof lof, ot Poll Gloog, 200000 111 14100 log. 140 Uolitod 81~101; oloogo17f th1 10010 00101',f Nio.oogo~ 0101 011 Mosqoko Coo o, Aogl 260 Oeo ToolO boooooo, I.,oo, oollbool thE P1011118108. olgo.ooo, log. 27. Oolthqo.ko 11100 gooo boI.. of lifI ot U,.oldo, Too, log. 31. fleoiprooity Tooip 11101 Cob~ 108111010 by 17110, lpt.38 OootApobolohd, Sept.b 11101107 g141114 p017g0118 10 Ut~ol, 00101 of Prof Daold 81100g ot Chioogo, Jop.o-Chioo ooo, N-oo. 8 189 P F00000 1100,1000 0007814 1101 Spo -. COoot. St1te Eopooitil 0t 10101t, 01., opoood. 1089 Utoh, 0111 Slobe, Idoottid, 011.- 0. tWtl~lo. Moliofloy otootod Ploldoot of 01007 U. S. Solotl pooood ooooofoo -oogiii.of bollig —ooo of Cob., Moy 20. Goool Gbld gisoooorioo Of KIlodyke, Jofy 1~ - 1801 U. 8. BttRboolo M.!oo dootroyod by11 toO. GooH.,oo 101100, PoE. 00. Iodoooodooo, of Cobs 1000go10 11' 101 -fotioE of Ologooffs,AIp'il 19 414. Poo?'ddool p1001811100 oo.lltog 807 00~00050010001,ApolO 20. ooO Oo Moodll B1.y Mop 1 10,.d-00 0 doo Solloy ood tooooo ffS.ooiogo do Cojbs, Joly 3. Poooo plot ool 110004, sod P-d poool.o.olo i-ood 101700410g 101100 -1100 Bogi-oolg of 110 foo -pp0lll001 of Agolosl.do ood ho. OoI.-ooooo li,. boolgoot io.ogooolod oooooo c0g~g0 -Pooooe T'o1y with Ipofo ootliod bp tho 10100 C01' of 0Oooc~ooo Too,., detoyeopdbyho.,01011. Sorbto 0;6000 1108 lst 0081101-.. of U. 8. gioo. popolotloo 10001 Pookd,ldoo W811 MoKboloy 001040114004 for 10001411011,1March1 ii....otooed, 5010. b6;od.e SoptO 140 1000 Too ol111101 Cl~o~g., booood Deo. 001000 Oooe flool P101 Co.Ilpooop-t boogh by U. S., 1-1 1906 1907 190 8 1909 1912 t0 C~oootood, I diotoooo of 725 11011, S..o Fo.oodsoo llthq-lI ood 011e April Oooot gotoolol dooooolioo, Got. Byit1.Po., llo-loo bogood, 8175 bll Ilod, Jooooooy. Woo 00 1181 0110114 P~olod-ob boo. 3. 11001117 0f Nth P~ol by 001118411 Po yooAl~ddoh torffl bo Ipproved, Aog. DoooAOol~g 00048. 11 Ml~ill.ppi V108171 0101 100,1001 people 11848104 hoobobof, I I I

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