Standard atlas of Barry County, Michigan : including a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the county...farmers directory, reference business directory and departments devoted to general information
Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

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Page  3 '4'k —jjj'!1Q,'S f9 tra 1777777J -4 I NCLUDIN& OFI T~HE VILLAG ES, CITIES AND TOWNSHIPS OFTHE GOUNTY. MA- P- O]-TFi- TT-STATE, U- 4-Th]- TED S-T/ TIES- AkD WORL;D~ - -LFarmers Directory, Reference Business Directory and Departments devoted to General Information. ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF U.S. LAND SURVEYS, DIGEST OF TH E S-YSTEM OF CIVIL. GOVERNMENT) ETC. ETC. Compiled and_ ublished DI -SY, -2 1,34 VAN BU R:EN ST. III CGXGA 0. CHHI3r~~~t':Y 3A GO~.q~6-L

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Page  5 I~~ -4 1 - _3~ u T-4 —c 1 o Is- - TABLE OF CONITENTS. GENERA L I NDEX. TITLE PAGE................................. TABLE OF CONTENTS........................ OUTLINE MAP OF BARRY COUNTY......... MAP OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN........ MAP OF THE UNITED STATES.............. MAP OF THE WORLD....................... REFERENCE DIRECTORY OF BARRY COUNTY................................ PAGE 3 5 7 66-67 70-71 74-75 77 PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS...................... 83 ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS..... Supplement I-II DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT....................... Supplement III-VI GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS................................. Supplement VII-VIII BARR Y COUNTY INDEX. ASSYRIA TOWNSHIP............................ ASSYRIA, PLAT OF............................. BALTIMORE TOWNSHIP....................... BARRY TOWNSHIP.............................. CARLTON TOWNSHIP............................ CASTLETON TOWNSHIP........................ CEDAR CREEK, PLAT OF....................... CLOVERDALE, PLAT OF......................... COATS' GROVE, PLAT OF........................ DELTON, PLAT OF.............................. DOWLING, PLAT OF.............................. ENLARGED PLAT N. i, N. W. SEC. 2, BARRY... FREEPORT, PLAT OF...........:.............. GULL LAKE, PLAT OF........................... 39 61 27 35 11 23 63 61 63 59 59 61 51 63 PAGE HASTINGS TOWNSHIP.......................... 21 HASTINGS, NORTH PART OF................... 42-43 HASTINGS, SOUTH PART OF.................... 46-47 HICKORY CORNERS, PLAT OF.................. 59 HIGHLAND POINT RESORT...................... 61 HOPE TOWNSHIP................................ 29 IRVING TOWNSHIP........................... 13 IRVING, PLAT OF................................. 59 JOHNSTOWN TOWNSHIP......................... 37 MAPLE GROVE TOWNSHIP...................... 25 MIDDLEVILLE, PLAT OF........................ 53 MILO, PLAT OF......................................... 61 MORGAN, PLAT OF............................. 61 NASHVILLE, PLAT OF........................... 50-51 ORANGEVILL TOWNSHIP...................... ORANGEVILLE, PLAT OF........................ PARMELEE, PLAT OF............................ PRAIRIEVILLE TOWNSHIP..................... PRAIRIEVILLE, PLAT OF....................... PRITCHARDVILLE, PLAT OF.................... RUTLAND TOWNSHIP.......................... SHERIDAN, PLAT OF........................... SHULTZ, PLAT OF.............................. THORNAPPLE TOWNSHIP.................... WOODLAND TOWNSHIP......................... WOODLAND (RECORDED PLAT)............... WOODLAND (PLAT NO. 2)........................ YANKEE SPRINGS TOWNSHIP.................. '31 63 63 33 56 63 19 61 63 15 9 56 57 17

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Page  22

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Page  24

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Page  26

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Page  28

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Page  30

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Page  32

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Page  69 -JY I1)~ IK?4 4", 4 8 n 25 4u 1 I - - - -

Page  70

Page  71

Page  72 STATISTICS PRINCIlDA CITIES OF THE5 O131 WORMJj5 ____ t.'J. D185 Unie Stte..... 24,28 L02 THEPA I BElINbEPET REBE GeEmany. 0.... 22 0188 PripcijRI Cao tries Russia4 ao a,4 _a4..............4 4 a a15825 Auti-ugr...124321 WVEALTH OF NATIONS. ~ 4~00ijil4aa~11~~lO 4 FMaxico40.....00.0.... 2s,828 Great Britaona4if00,000,000 Peru.-.............. o,22,m() Geran40y..216150800,000 ~ 1 ~ 1 Austra... 18,065,000,0004_ ehrln,1 0024n 488.,95008084000 4421oH 0~ 44oo R., oGd0j h Ch li._.S..as --- 1287 Norwa asd 4N080840mith y8Wales 1sr0424 M wede 408500080,88 Denmark............._1 1 111,ol Og Boelu.. 4,0900000800 ly0B N wa 97 PC agd... 320,8 0000,00 84004 h aA / 44al 01.........4 a94a Prtugals — 0,800000,000 Alei.........I S Is 4u14i.. 1,620,400,099004 Gwiteslnd 120,00404000 arugsy........ 418 NATIONAL DEBTS, France..... $,55, oooo0..0.......... 11 Grest Brstasn 30945,000,000 ~ i or4..........I7 Russia..... 000900 o00aao0 Itly -- 2,610,000,08900 0 pP 0a544 0 d.saa d aaaaa 1th Ausri.....2095,0009000 7Oh 01p aayn ---- 2140000,000 ------ 1248a L ap........0...0.9409 Gesramany.. 1480000800 a...... ' Purey --- 4,00809000,...... 09 XO \rois, -, Ge 909049 0411 ia.. 4 85 09114 Allumes, 4.............. /s2. P1O, Aaod 2011 1Mich4 ga n~,P~4........_4080 Be trlgm..a 1990,00 Iow~~4/44.a...........3194 G e,0 0, 0 G eorgi44 0......... 2488 H w d n a dV i g n a............44 g2 480 Norwy10 1020 4,T5D- 444484444444 000aa aeaa0a0044404 a4444404 ~......... H3.......2148 Grec.....4444 a0 M ssahue....... 2427 Begu............ 4.40 outh4Caroina4......... 1459 Cethrlans...... 26, Loisiaa........0. 11453 M arylan.........408 Australia...........1..90..lor...................10,64 Spain.............13.18.Vermnt.............. 1.0 89 lo4a fndW o ig....... 192 Austri8a444 044 0,4,444 44.44 44..... es 8igna - 009 Portuga 09409 --- 744 4144 Arizona4...........1o.s,4344 M 8 5 099 Jaa04...... 4444444 11D420k444444GI....OTa,O23474 Ruasi ~a....._s 00810 Del4444e44044..... 84 p 0,aO. 54114044 i4 228 Rusi. — 44004 'w~ Dw 440 a4 --- —469441 Cer an_4........4 44 prago --------- 4 044 4440 44 w4. 1W o R y, 1144,raia ---- 06,4

Page  73

Page  74 REFERENCE DIRECTORY -- -OFBARRY 0 COUNTY, o MICHIGAN. EXPLANATION.-The date following a name indicates the length of time the party has been a resident of the county. The abbreviations are as follows: S. for Section; T. for Township; and P. 0., for Post-office address. When no Section Number nor Township is given, it will be understood that the party resides within the limits of the village or city named, and, in such cases, the post-office address is the same as the place of residence, unless otherwise stated. Acker, John A., Farmer, S. 16, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1867. Adams, A., Farmer & Stock, S. 12, T. Johnstown. P. 0. Lacey, 1873. Adams, Albert, Farmer & Stock, S. 3, T. Barry. P. 0. Delton, 1863. Adams, Frank, Farmer & Stock, S. 4. T. Barry, P. 0. Delton, 1852. Adams, H. B., Carpenter, S. 20, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1854. Adamson, T., Farmer, S. 35, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1856. Albertson, Jacob, Farmer, S. 26, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1851. Aldrich, Clark C., Farmer, S. 33, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1875. Aldrich, C. L., Hardware, Hickory Corners. 1869. Ailen, B. H., Farmer & Stock, S. 34, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners,.1856. Allen, G. F., Livery, Feed & Sale Stables, Hastings. 1866. Allen, Marshall, Farmer. S. 8, P. 0, T. Car P. lton Centre, 1856. Allen, Samluel, Farmler, S. 16, T. Thornapple. P. 0. Middleville, 1854. Allerding, Josiah, Farmer, S. 9, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1869. Allerding, Mathias, Farmer, S. 4, T. Carlton, P. 0. Freeport, 1S63. Aligeo, W. E.. Farmer & Stock, S. 8, T. Baltilore, P. 0. Hastings, 1879. Altoft, Geo. F., Manufacturer Hand Pressed Red Brick, S. 33. T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1873. Altoft, Albert, Farmer, S. 8, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1870. AAnders, Henry, Farmer, S. 5, T. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1867. Andler, C., Farmer & Stock, S. 34, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1892. Andrews, C. S., Farmer, S. 9, T. Hastingzs, P. 0. Hastings, 1845. Andrews, Wm, Farmer, S. 3, T. Hope, P... Shultz, 1877. Andrus, Loyman E., Farmer & Stock, S. 2, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek 1871. Andrus, S., Farmer, S. 9, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hasting-s, 1845. Archer, Miles, Farmer, S. 13, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1856. Archer, Wm., Farmer, S. 28, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1857. Armnour, H. L., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1867. Armour, H. O., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1870. Armstrong, Hon. C. W., Probate Judge, Hastings, 1874. Armstrong, B. W., Merchant, Bowens Mills, 1873. Arnold, C. P., Farmer, S. 21, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Arnold, J. C., Farmer, S. 21, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1864. Arnold, J. W., Farmer, S. 15, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1864. Ash, Wm., Farmer, S. 14, T. Castleton, P. 0O. Nashville, 1865. Ashby, Wm., Thresher, S. 20, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1855. Atkins, C., Farmer, S. 28, T. Assyria, P.O. Assyria, 1874. Atkins,,J. L., Farmer, S. 14, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Austin, Edward, Farmner S. 13, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1855. Axdel, Geo., Farmer, S. 31, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1845. Baas, John, Farmer, S. 21, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1872..Babcock, G. D., Farmer & Butcher, S. 26, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1868. Babcock, F. L., Farmer, S. 36, T. Baltimore, P. O. Lacey, 1858. Bachelder, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. Carlton, P. O. Gerkev, 1868. Bacheller, C. L., Farmer, S. 36, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimnby, 1881. Bachmnan, C., Farmer, S. 27, T. Rutland, P 0. Hastings, 1858. Backus, C. W., Farmer, S. 30, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1855. Backus, E. E., Farmer, S. 13, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Delton, 1865. Bagley, M. S., Farmer, S. 27, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1880. Bahs, John, Farmer, S. 22, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1868. Bailey, F., Farner & Stock, S. 14, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1890. Bain, Wm. M., Farmer, S. 1, T. Hastings, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1857. Baker, J. D., Farmer & Stock, S. 3, T. Castleton, P. 0. Woodland. 1892. Baker, James R., Farmer & Stock, S. 22, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1893. Baldwin, E., Farmer, S. 4, T. Baltimore, P 0. Hastings, 1865. Baldwin, M. A., Farmer, S. 16, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Bowens Mills, 1865. Baldwin, S. N., Farmer, S. 8, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1863. Balke, W. C. T., Farmer, S. 9, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1885. Bals, G. P., Farmer, S. 22, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1858. Banks, H. R. (Trunlan & Banks), Dry Goods, Clothing, etc., Nashville, 1892. Barber, Clark A., Farmer, S. 33, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. Barber, D. J., Farner, S. 33, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. Barber, E.. Farmer, S. 34, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Cressey, 1873. Barber, John, Farmer, S. 33, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Cressey, 1845. Barber, L, B., Farmer, S. 33, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. Barber, Philip, Farmer, S. 34, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1844. Barbour, M., Farmer, S. 19, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1892. Barlow, F. H., Grain Dealer (Hastings Eng. & Iron Works), Hastings. Barnaby, A., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1871. Barnaby, C. D., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1875. Barnhart, Levi. Farmer, S. 15, T. Hastings, P. 0O. Hastings, 1865. Barnes, Geo. A., General Merchant, Hastings, 1868. Barnes, B. F., Farmer, S. 17, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1862. Barnes, L. H., Town Clerk and Notary, Cloverdale, 1854. Barnes, N. S., Farmer, S. 36, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Ceylon, 1855. Barnes, Stephen, Farmer, S. 20, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1864. Barnum, Geo. N., Farmer & Breeder Thoroughbred Improved English Swine for- Breeding purposes, S. 35, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland. Barnum, A., Farmer, S. 27, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1846. Barnum, A. C., Farmer, S. 36, T. Carlton, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1850. Barnum, John R., Farmer, S. 28, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1842. Barnum, Judge R., Farmer S. 32, T. Woodland, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1842. Barnum, 0. C., Farmer, S. 30, T. Carlton, P 0.. Hastings, 1854. Barnum, T. P., Farmer, S. 16, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1843. Barnum, Walter, Farmer, S. 25, T. Carlton, P. 0. Woodland, 1862. Barons, Frank W., Farmer, S. 13, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1886. Barrell, J. Edmund (Lowden & Barrell), Attorney at Law, Hastings, 1894. Barry, C. J., Farmer, S. 6. T. Castleton, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1879. Barry, Fred, Farmer, S. 17, T. Castleton, P. 0. Hastings, 1881. Barnstedt, M. W., Engineer & Machinist, S. 20, T. Baltimore, P. 0O. Prichardville, 1894. Barton, E., Agt. C., K. & S. R. R. & Manager Highland Point Resort, Delton, 1890. Barton, Reuben, Farmer, S. 20, T. Irving, P. 0. Middleville, 1845. Bartram, T. H., Farmer, S. 34, T. Assyria, P. 0. Battle Creek, 1852. Bates, Homer L., Farmer & Stock, S. 25, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1867. Bates, A. H., Farmer, S. 35, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Bates, L. G., Farmer, S. 33, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1874. Bates, R. M., Farmer, S. 21, T. Hastings, P. 0 Hastings, 1859. Batson, T. F., Farmer, S. 12, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1882. Bauer, Chas. H., Attorney at Law, Insurance & Loans, Hastings, 1869. Baulch, D. G., Farmer, S. 10, T. Baltimore, P. 0.. Hastings, 1858. Beach, A., Farmer, S. 15, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1858. Beach, C. M., Farner, S. 4, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1868. Beach, W. J., Farmer, S. 4, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Dowling, 1861. Beadle, Miss Flora, Teacher, Hastings, 1868. Beamer, C. L., Farmer, S. 24, T. Irving, P. 0. O'Donnell, 1858. Beard, Archibald, Farmer, S. 33, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1855. Beattie, W. H., Farler, S. 17, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Orangeville, 1863. Bedford, WVilliarn, Farmler & Stock, S. 20, T. Irving, P. O. Middleville, 1858. Bedford, Geo., Farmer, S- 17, T. Irving, P. 0. Middleville. Bell, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1867. Bellinger, H. L., Farmer, S. 25, T. Prairieville, P 0. Milo, 1863 Bellinger, H. W., Farmter, S. 13, T. Barry, P. 0. Banfield, 1841. Bellinger, Marcus, Farmer, S. 23, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1843. Belson, Christian, Farmer, S. 15, T. RIutland. P. 0. Hastings, 1863. Belson, John, Farmler, S. 15, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1860. Benedict, N. E., Farmer, S. 7, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1867. Benham, W. S., Farmer & Stock, S. 24, T. Irving, P. O. Hastings, 1865. Benham, J. D., Farmer, S. 31, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Benjamin, J. C., Farmer, S. 6, T. Baltimlore, P. 0. Hastings, 1856. Bennett, G. C., Farmer, S. 10, T. Yankee Springrs, P. 0O. Middleville, 1876. Bennett, H. B., Farmer, S. 10, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Middleville, 1865. Bentley, Gertrude E. (Bentley, Tonllinson & Rider), Mfr. & Dealer in ' Lumber. Hastings, 1870. Bentley, J. W. (Bentley, Totnlinson & Rider), Mfr. & Dealer in Lumber, Hastings, 1855. Benson, L. N., Farner, S. 3, T. Prairieville, P. O. Prairieville, 1865. Berry, E. E., Farmner & Supv., S. 34, T. Assyria, P. 0. Battle Creek, 1869. Bessnler, John, Jeweler & Music, Hastings, 1864. Bideltant, xV. A., Farmer & Stock, S. 34, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimby, 1861. Bideltan, C. P., Farmner, S. 21, T. Hastings P. 0. Hastings, 1860. Bideluan, S. J., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimnby, 1860. Bideltan, W. W., Farmer, S. 27, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimby, 1865. Billings, M. T., Farmer, S. 33, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1857. Bird, G. W., Farnier, S. 22, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1867. Birdsell, D..-., Farmner, S. 13, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hasting.s, 1858. Bishop, C. R., Attorney at Law, Hastings, 1869. Bishop. E. E., Contractor & Builder, Delton, 1863. Bishop, F1rank E., Contractor & Builder, Delton, 1863. Bishop, J. C., Farmter, S. 26, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1878. Bissell, Walter J., Farmner & Stock, S. 18, T. Barry, P. 0. Delton, 1859. Bitgood, W. W., Farmer, S. 16, T. Orangteville, P. 0. Orarigeville, 1854. Bivens, Wm., Farmer & Stock, S. 10, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1868. Bivens, R. A., Farmer, S. 12, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1845. Blackman, F. A., Hotel & Livery, Delton, 1844. Black, J. F., Farmer & Stock, S. 5, T. Castleton, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1883. Blake, Hiram, Farmner, S. 26, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quilnby, 1867. Blake, P. M., Eggs & Poultry, S. 15, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1849. Bliss, S., Farmer, S. 24, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1852. Blivin, C., Farmner, S. 6, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Blivin, Herbert, Farmer, S. 6, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1873. Blivin, Horace, Farmer, S. 6, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1855. Blocker, S., Farmler & Stock, S. 5, T. Castleton, P. 0. Woodland, 1881. Bloom, M. H., Farmer, S. 12, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1872. Blowers, M. E., Farmer, S. 32, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1867. Bollinger, S. L., Farmer & Stock, S. 29, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan, 1864. Bollinger, D., Farter, S. 29, T Castleton, P. O. Morgan, 186 '. Boniface, Wm., Farmer, S. 6, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Gun Marsh, 1858. Boram, W. P., Farmer, S. 28, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1846. Bowen, C. L., Farmer, S. 13, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1849. Bowen, E. H., Farmer, S. 8, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Bowens Mills, 1864. Bowen, W. E., Farmer, S. 8, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0O. Bowens Mills, 1864. Bowes, B. B., Farmer, S. 12, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1871. Bowler, Morris, Farmer, S. 33, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1869. Bowman, H. Farmer, S. 20, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1856. Bowman, Henry N., Farmer, S. 29, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1850. Bowser, J. H., Farmer, S. 16, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1856. Boyd, James, Farner, S. 33, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1858. Boyes, A. C., Justice of Peace, Mechanic, S. 29, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1856. Bradley, D. D., Farmer & Stock, S. 20, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Bowens Mills, 1881. Bradley, 0., Farmer, S. 20, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0O. Bowens Mills, 1881. Bradley, Albert, Farmer, S. 31, T. Barry, P. 0. Gull Lake, 1865. Brady, W. J., Farlner, S. 20, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1882. Bragdon, Geo., Farmer, S. 24, T. Carlton, P. O. Carlton Centre, 1869. Brandstetter, Jacob F., Farmer & Capitalist, S. 27, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1852. Brandstetter, M. A., Farmer, S. 16, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Brouard, 1848. Brandstetter, S. P., Farnler, S. 30, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1859. Brang-win, T. Miller, S. 25, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1870. Brant, Daniel, Farmer, S. 12, T. Hope, P. 0. Hastings, 1873. Brantnlyer, Henry, Farmer, S. 18, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1868.' Bray, J. C., Farmer & Stock, S. 28, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1855. *Breitmeier, G. J., Farmer, S. 27, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1879. Briggs, A. D., Farmer, S. 10, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1849. Briggs, C. L., Farmer, S. 6, T. Assyria, P. 0. Lacey, 1850. Briggs, J. W., Drain Comnr., S. 8, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Bowens Mills, 1866. Brininstool, H. Farmer, S. 29, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Gaskill, 1853. Bristol, C. S., Farmer & Stock, S. 4, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Dowling, 1863. Bristol, Hiram, Farmer, S. 4, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Dowling, 1839. Bristol, W. H., Farmer, S. 4, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Dowling, 1844. Bronson, G. L., Farmer, S. 19, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1869. Bronson, H., Farmer, S. 20, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1869. Bronson, J. W., Farmler, S. 19, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Orangeville, 1846. Brooks, C. F., Clerk in Abstract Office, Hastings, 1856. Brook,, M. A., Farmer, S. 16, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Bowens Mills, 1875. Brown, C. A., Farmer, S. 11, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1883. Brown. Chas., Farmer, S. 13, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1889. Brown, Edgar, Farmer, S. 29, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Orangeville, 1851. Brown, E. M., Farmer, S.'33, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. Brown, F. C., Farmer, S. 13, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1863. Brown, G. E., Farmer, S. 9, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1872. Brown, Geo. 1., Farmer, S. 6, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1865. Brown, G. W., Farmer, S. 2, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1859. Brown, Henry, Farmer, S. 32, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1836. Brown, J. H., Farmer, S. 4, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1872. Brown, Luther, Farmer, S. 1, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1864. Brown, P., Farmer, S. 16, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1854. Brown, R. H., Farmer, S. 4, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1869. Brown, Walter, Farmer,S. 32, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1859. Brown, Wm., Farler. S. 29, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1853. Browne, A. J., Pres. Hastings National Bank, Hastings. Brownell, H. H., Farmer & Stock, S, 8, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Brouard, 1846. Bruse, Chas., Farmer, S. 29, T. Irving, P. 0. Irving, 1855. Bruimm, Geo., Farmer, S. 22, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1868. Bruss, N. G., Farmer, S. 17, T. Rutland, P. 0. Haslings. 1868. Bryant, R. S., Farmer, S. 16, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Buchner, D. C., Physician & Surgeon, Orangeville, 1880. Budd, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1852. Bull, E. Farmer. S. 15, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. Bulling, John. Ftariler. S. 23, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1861. Bullis, B. F., Farmer, S. 14, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1855. Bullis, E-, Farmer, S. 11, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1850. Bump, E. J., Farmer, S. 3, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1862. Bumtp, Paul N., Farmer, S. 5, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. Bunnell, A., Farter, S. 18, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1893. Burchett, E. J., Farmer, S. 18, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Brouard, 1862. Burd, Lorin. Farmer, S. 18, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1851. Burd. WVn., Farmer, S. 8, T. Carlton, P. 0. Freeport, 1850. Burdick, A. B., Farmner & Postmaster, S. 12, T. Carlton, P. 0. Gerkey, 1885. Burgess, P. W., Deputy Sheriff, Hastings, 1865. Burgess, W. H., Farmer, S. 11, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1844. Burghduf, L. J., Farmer & Stock, S. 29, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1879. Burling, Walter, Farmer, S. 13, T. Freeport, 1886. Burns, F., Farmer, S. 6, T. Irving, P. 0. Middleville, 1860. Burpee, C. W., Postmaster, Yankee Springs, 1875. Burroutgh%, A. F., Farmer, S. 3, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1880. Burroughs, W. M., Farimer, S. 9, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1854. Burst, Mrs. M. J., Farmter, S. 18, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1862. Burton, H., Farmer, S. 6, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1861. Burton, M. H., Farmer, S. 28, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1856.

Page  78 78 Bush, E. M., Farmer, S. 31, T. Hastings, P. O. Hastings, 1864. Bush, F. O., Farmer, S. 31, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1864. Bush, G. B., Farmer, S. 18, T. Barry, P. 0. Delton, 1846. Bush, L. N., Miller, Delton, 1865. Buskirk, Isaac, Farmer, S. 22, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1877. Butler, A. C., Farmer, S. 13, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1853. Buxton, Cyrus, Farmer, S. 34, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1840. Buxton, Darius, Farmer, S. 29, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1848. Buzzle, Gilbert (Buzzle & Case), Farmer, S. 15, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Irving, 1883. Byington, H. M., Farmer, S. 28, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1845. Cadart, A., Farmer, S. 12, T. Johnstown, P. O. Lacey, 1869. Cadart, J., Farmer, S. 12, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1869. Cadwallader, A. D., Attorney & Real Estate. Hastings, 1852. Cain, A. J., Farmher, S. 6, T. Carlton, P. O. Freeport, 1850. Cain, Irving, Farmer, S. 3, T. Carlton, P. O, Lake Odessa, 1856. Cairns, J. E., (Cairns & Brown), Merchant, General Mdse., Prairieville, 1878. Cairns, Mrs. J., Farmer, S. 15, T. Barry, P.. Hickory Corners, 1875 Calahan, A. J., Farmer, S. 3, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1864. Calkins, M. E., Farmer, S. 12. T. Baltimore, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1879. Calkins, W., Farmer, S. 2, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Campbell, A. D., General Hardware & Implements, Cedar Creek. 1856. Campbell, Chas. B., Farmer & Stock, S. 25, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Mid. dleville, 1871. Campbell, Dugal, Postmaster & Merchant (Campbell Bros.), Cloverdale, 1874. Campbell, Duncan, Farmer, S. 25, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1845. Campbell, J. A, Farmer, S. 33, T. Assyria, P. 0. Battle Creek. 1853. Campbell, J. B., Farmer, S. 30, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Ididdleville, 18:3. Campbell, John, Farmer, S. 25, T. Hope, P. O. Cedar Creek, 1864. Campbell, Samuel, Farmer, S. 26, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1849. Cappy, G., Farmer, S. 30, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1876. Carpenter, C., Farmer, S. 34, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1854. Carpenter, J. H., Physician, Freeport, 1894. Carpenter, John, Farmer, S. 16, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1845. Carpenter, Wit., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hope. P. 0. Cloverdale. 1859. Carpenter, W. H., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1855. Carveth, H. B., Farmer, S. 33, T. Thornapple, P. C. Middleville, 1872. Case, Wm., Farmer (Buzzle & Case), Farmer, S. 15, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Irving, 1883. Casey, S., Farmer, S. 2, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1856. Castelein, H. R., Railway Agent, S. 26, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimnby, 1871. Castelein, John, Farmer, S. 26, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimnby, 1871. Casterline, Cyrus, Farmner, S. 23, T. Rutland. P. 0. Hastings, 1888. Castle Jo, JohnFarner, S. 15, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 183. - Castle, Peter, Farmer, S. 15, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1859. Caswel-, J. S.. Postmaster & Merchant, Prichardville, 1885. Chadderdon, S., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1851. Chaffee, Edwin, Farmer, S. 36, T. Hastings, P.O. Quirnby, 1863. Chaffee, F. E., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimby, 1869. Chaffee, Solomon, Farmer, S. 35, T. Hastings, P. 0. Qui-lby, 1863. Chamberlain, F., Farmer, S. 32, T. Hope, P. 0. Delto., 1850. Chamberlain, L., Farner, S. 11, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Chamberlain, M.. Proprietor Lake View Hotel, Cloverdale, 1854. Chandler, J. N., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1853. Chandler, J. R., Farmer, S. 20, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1854. Chandler, M. D., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hope, P. O. Cedar Creek, 1853. Chapin, A. W., Retired Farmer, S. 10, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1840. Chapman, R. D., Farmer, S. 14, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1855. Charlton, C. H., Farmer, S. 5, T. Maple Grove, P. O. Morgan, 1865. Charlton, F., Farmer, S. 18, T. Castleton, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Chase, M. M., Farmer & Stock, S. 11, T. Prairieville, P. O. Prairieville, 1858. Chase, A. L., Farmer, S. 35, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Cressey, 1853. Chase, H. M., Farmer, S. 24, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1844 Chase, H. T., Farmer, S. 9, T. Hope, P. O. Cloverddale, 1876. Chatfield, C. M., 8Farner, S. 7, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1888. Cheney, Oliver, Farmer, S. 2, T. Carlton, P. O. Gerkey, 1855. Cherry, F. T., Farmer, S. 16, T. Johnstown, P. O Bansfield, 1853. Cheeseman, Geo., Farmer, S. 30, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1854. Cheeseman, Jamies, Farmner, S. 25, T. Baltilore, P. 0. Lacey. 1854. Chidester, W. S., Farmer, S. 14, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1867. Chilson, J. B., Farmer, S. 30, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Gun Lake, 1888. Chubb, Ira M., Farmer & Stock, S. 13, T. Yankee Springs, P. O Middleville, 1891. Church, A. Q., Farmer, S. 2, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Middleville, 1886. City Bank, General Banking, Battle Creek. Clapper, G. M., Farmer, S. 27, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1833. Clark, E. D., Farmer & Twp. Supervisor, S. 11, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1879. Clark, Aaron, Banker & Farmer, Middleville, 1893. Clark, C. S., Farmer, S. 19, T. Assyria, P. 0. Lacey, 1854. Chark, D. B., Farmer, S. 13, T. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1858. Clark, Mrs. E. H., Farmer, S. 7, T. Assyria, P. 0. Lacey, 1852. Clark, G. S., Farmer, S. 34, T. Carlton, P. O. Hastings, 1878. Clark, James E., Farmer, S. 6, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1864, Clark, John, Farmer, S. 22, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1887. Clark, L. C., Retired Farmer, S. 18, T. Baltimore, P. O. Prichardville, 1880. Clark, Richard, Farmer, S. 12, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1857. Clark, Solomon, Farmer, S. 12, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville. Clark, W. H., Farmer, S. 11, T. Johnstown, P. O. Lacey, 1857. Clemence, N. F., Farmer, S. 27, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1867. Clemence, Wm.. Farmer, S. 34, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1869. Clever, Henry, Farmer & Stock, S. 2, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1867. Clever, D., Farmer, S. 1, T. Maple Grove, P. O. Nashville, 1868. Cline, Philo, Farmer, S. 10, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1858. Coats, G. E., Farmer & Stock, S. 6, T. Castleton, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1876. Cobb, Lee S., Farmer & County Surveyor, S. 15, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1850. Cobb, W. L., Attorney, Middleville, 1865. Coburn, Peter, Farmer, S. 32, T. Hastings, P.-O. Hastings, 1869. Coe, Geo., Farmer, S. 35, T. Castleton, P. O. Nashville, 1865. Coe, Hiram, Farmer, S. 35, T. Castleton, P...Nashville, 1865. Coek, C. F., Farmer, S. 14, T. Hope, P. O. Shultz, 1872. Coek, Maurice L., Farnler, S. 14, T. Hope, P. O. Shultz, 1875. Cohoon, Henry, Farmer, S. 3, T. Hope, P. O. Shultz, 1862. Cole, A. D., Farmer & Stock, S. 24, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacy, 1869. Cole, L. P., Summer Resort, S. 30, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan. Cole, Wnl. W., Farmer & Stock, S. 35, T. Assyria, P. 0. Bellevue, 1859. Cole, A. L., Farmer, S. 15, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1859. Cole, B., Farmler, S. 8, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1857. Cole, E. T., Farmer, S. 36, T. WVoodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1851. Coleman, Hiram, Farmer & Stock, S. 32, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1854. Coleman, John, Farmer & Stock, S. 10, T. Orangeville, P. O. Orangeville, 1855. Coleman, Geo. C., Farmer, S. 32, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1868. Colgrove, P. T., Attorney at Law, Hastings, 1880. Collier, Richard, Farmer, S. 13, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1835. Collins, C., Farmer & Stock, S. 30, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Collins, C., Farmer, S. 26, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1861. Collins, Chas., Farmer, S. 19, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1873. Collins, Dennis, Farmer, S. 19, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1855. Collins, P., Farmer, S. 7, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1871. Collins, Julia, Farmer, S. 19, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1859. Colwell, J. B., Farmer, S. 10, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. HISTORICAL REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Coman,., G eo. T., Farer, S. 33, T. Thornapple, P. O. Middleville, 1851. Combs; R. E., Banker, Middleville, 1864. Conklin, N. T., Farmer, S. 3, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1873. Cook, M. L.. Sec'y & Mngr Hastings Wool Boot Co. (Cook Bros.), Hastings, 1858. Cook, W. R., Editor Hastings Banner (Cook Bros.), 1866. Cook Bros., Publishers (Hastings Banner), M'frs (Hasting Wool Boot Co.) Cook, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1857. Cook, J. H., Farmer, S. 2, T. Orangeville, P. O. Yankee Springs, 1855. Cook, J. H., Farmer, S. 29, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Brouard, 1855. Cool & Curtis, Planilng Mill &-Saw Mill, Freeport. Coolbaugh, B. H., Farmer & Stock, S. 17, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan, 1867. Corsett, Marcus, Farmer, S. 35, T. Woodland, P. 0. Nashville, 1852. Corwin, J. W., Farmer, S. 1, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1850. Cotton, Ira, Farmer, S. 13, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1875. Couch, W. H., Farmer, S. 3, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1890. Coulter, M., Farmer, S. 27, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1863. Cousins, Henry, Farmler, S. 8, T. Carlton, P. 0. Freeport, 1877. Covert, J. N., Postmaster and Twp. Clerk, Carlton Centre, 1858. Covert, Peter, Farnler, S. 15, T. Carlton, P. O. Carlton Centre, 1856, Cox, Anbrose, Farmer, S. 36, T. Hope P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1872. Cox, B., Farmer, S. 14 T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1850. Coykendall, Marcus, Farmer, S. 12, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1857. Coykendall, Willis L., Farmer, S. 12, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1858. Crabb, Geo., Farmer, S. 9, T. Castleton, P. 0. Hastings, 1847. Craig, A. S., Farmer, S. 1, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1855. Craig, Boyd, Farmer, S. 16, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Cramer, J., Farmer, S. 30, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1879. Craler, W. M., Farmer, 5. 2, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Quirnby, 1868. Crandall,,, Farmer, S. 34, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1851. Craven, A., Farmer, S. 11, T. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1873. Craven, Abel, Farmer, S. 34, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1854. Crawford, Z., Farmer & Stock, S. 29, T. Orangeville, P. O. Orangeville. 1874. Crawley, J. M., Farmer & Stock, S. 9, T. Baltimnore, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Crawley, W. T., Farmer, S. 321 T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Cressy,.I. L., Probate Register, Hastings, 1858. Cridler, WIm., Farmer, S. 21, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1879. Crockford, Henry, Farmer, S. 10, T. Carlton, P. O. Carlton Centre, 1872. Cronk, Geo., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1885. Crook, E. J., Farmer, S. 14, T. Hastings, P. O. Hastings, 1866. Cross, D. G., Farmer, S. 33, T. Orangeville, P. O. Prairieville, 1853. Cross, Frank C., Farmer, S. 35, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1871. Crouse, J. C., Farmler, S. 19, T. Cariton, P.. O'Donnell, 1861. Crumlback, J. T., Farmer, S. 21, T. Thornapple, P. O- Middleville, 1869. Cryan, Michael, Farmer, S. 22, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1885. Culler, H. H., Farmer, S. 5, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1886. Culver, Frank N., Farmer, S. 3, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Mliddleville, 1873. Cumings, G. S., Farmer and Stock, S 4, T. Assyria, P. O. Assyria, 1851. Cum(ings, L., Farmer, S. 9, T. Assyria, P. O. Assyria, 1846. Cumnlins, M. Farmer, S. 29, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1865. Cunningham, Isaac M., Farmer & Stock, S. 27, T. Irving, P. O. Hastings, 1861. Cunningham, Fred, Farmer, S. 27, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1863. Cutler, J. W.. Farmer, S. 24, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1845. Cutler, T. D., Merchant, General Mdse., Delton, 1894. Curtis, Horace, Farmer, S. 21, T. Woodland, P. O. Woodland, 1858. Curtis, J. C., Farmer, S. 9, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1879. Davenport, G. M., Farmer & Stock, S. 27, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1855. Damouth, Wm., Farmer, S. 16, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1864. Daniels, E. A., Farmer, S. 18, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1875. Darling, P., Farmer, S. 22, T. Johnstown. P. 0. Bedford, 1869. Davis, Geo., Farmer, S. 12, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1864. Davis, Samuel, Farmer, S. 20, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1843. Davis, S. G., Farmer, S. 31, T. Thornapple, P. 0. 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Dennis Jacob R., Farmer, S. 28, T. Irving, P. O. Irving, 1851. Devine, Wm., Farmer, S. 28, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan, 1854. Dewey, A. E., Farmer & Stock, S. 19, T. Jownstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1854. Dewey, A. G., Farmer, S. 19, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1854. Dewey, C. C., Farmer,. 30, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1881. De Young, J., Contractor & Builder, North Irving, 1893. Dickinson, H. R., Miller, Sawmill & Gristmill, Nashville, 1874. Dietz, Albert, Farmer, S. 6, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 188. Dillbahner, Mrs. Harriet, Farmer, S. 4, T. MapleGrove, P. 0. Nashville, 1864. Dillenback, A. W., Farmer, Township Supervisor, S. 8, T. Woodland, P. O Woodland, 1846. Dillenbeck, G. A., Farmer, S. 3, T. Castleton, P. O. Woodland, 1864. Dillin, J. C., Farmer, S. 26, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1853. Dimond, D. J., Farmer, S. 16, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Dixon, R. H., Farmer, retired, Prichardville, 1865. Donnelly, John, Farmer, S. 4, T. Carlton, P. 0. Freeport, 1862. 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Page  79 Fry, M. D.. Forme, S. 9, T. Carlton, P. 0. Lake Odessa, 1875. Fuller, T. B., Faromer & Stock, S. 25, T, Mople Groveo, P. 0. Nashville, F,,ller, B. B., Farooer, S. 26, T. Irviog, P. 0. Hastiogs, 1858. Fuller, G5. S., Farmero, S. 24, T. Crlo~l,,,, P. 0. Woodla,,d, 1872. -Foller, J. 3., Farmoer, S. 36, T. Cortto,,, P. 0. Coats, Grove,, 18~58. Fuller, L. S., Far,,er, S. 26, T. Coallton, P. 0. Coats Grove,, 1859. Fuller, M. P., Far,,,er, S. 25, T. Carlton,, P. 0. Has~tings, 1855. Fuller, N. A., Capitalist, S. 27, T. Irving, P. 0. Hasotings,. Boloo~d, B., Farooer, S. 17, T. 0Orangeville, P. 0. Oraogeoille. 1864. Gallati,,, G. W., Farmero & Fineo Stock, S. 33, T. Woodland, P. 0. Wood-.laod, 1866. Gallup, 3. H., Foaomor, S. 1, T. H,.lti,.ore, P. 0. Hastiogs., 1873. Gallup, Tru-ao,, Farmero, S. 10, T. Castleton., P. 0. Na,,hville, 1875. G.ardoer, C. H., Far,,er & Stock, S. 12, T. B,,tlond, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. Gaolinger, Philip, Farmer, S. 11, 17. Castleon,,, P. 0. Nashville, 1859. Garlioger, P., Fao,,er, S. 14, T. Coastleoo,, P. 0. Noohville, 1858. Gar~lioger, Tubal, Farmer,, S. 27, T. Lo,,tleo,,o P. 0. Nashville, 1859. Gorn, C. G., Farmero, S. 12, T. -Balti,,ore, P. 0. High Bool,, 1823. Gooo, Tobias,, Faoroer, S. 17, 1T. Carllo,,, P. 0. H,sti,,gs, 1881. Garrison~, B.. F., Farmero, S. 5, T. Balti,,ore, P. 0. Hastings, 1857. Garroison, G. W., Farooeo, S. 8, T. Bolti,,ore, P. 0. Hoostiog, 1854. Garreott, Ebe ezer, Farmero, S. 28, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 18?83. Garrett, W. H., Faroe, S. 36, T. Bolti,,ore, P. 0. Lacey, 1866. GBrrett, W. T., Farmoor, S. 316, T. Balti,,,ore, P. 0. Laceoy, 1873. Garwoood, Caloh, Faromer, S. 1, T1. Routlaond, P. 0. loostiogs, 1854. Gaskill, B. F., Farmero, S. 36, T. Hastings, P. 0. Qoui,,by, 1856. Gaskill, C. A., Farooer, S. 35, T. Hati,,g.,, P. 0. Quimby, 186,,. Goohill, C. H., Farooer, S. 7, T. Balti,,ooe, P. 0. Has,,tings, 1854. Gookill, C. M., Faroer,. S. 15, T. Joh~ow.~o, P. 0. Hocey, 1857. Gasooili, S. 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Iloshville, 1862. Griffitk, G.HB.,General Foaroer.S.21, T. YaokeeSpriogs, P. 0. Boweoo, M1411,. Hriffith, J. H., Faormer, S. 17, T. Borry, P. 0, Dolto,,, 1868. Groosfeod,B.,S.,&Maooger Spriog BrookDoiry,.S,26, T. Thoroapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1878. Hofflo, C. C., Farooer, S. 34, T. Thoroopplo, P. 0. Middloville, 1861. Hood, John, Farmeor, S. 19, T. Boltimoreo, P. 0. Priohaodville, 1867. Boi., Morvio, Foaomoo, S. 7, T. Boory, P. 0. Deltoo, 0869. Hoioo, Bdwardl H., Foaroer, S. 5, T. Yookot Spriog., P. 0. Bo-eoo, Mills,, 1879. Bobe, H. P., Foaomor, S. 2, T. Baltimoreo, P. 0. Morgaoo, 1839. Bobl, J. P., Farmero, S. 17, T. Coastletoo, P. 0. Morgoo, 1857. Bole, Oliver, Farooer, S. 13, T. Butlaod, P. 0. Hostiogs, 1852. Boll, Dougloo, Farooor, S. 26, T. Botlaod, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1667. Boll, H. B., Foarmor, B. 210, T. Baltimore~, P. 0. Poiolhordoille, 1878. Boll, Horoce, Farmero, S. 25, T. Botloond, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1856. Boll, J. A., Foaooor, S. 3, T. Hopo, P. 0. Sholtz, 1855. Boll, Mathoew, Foaooer, S. 32. T. Haotiogo,, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1866. Boll, Boo. S. H., Mioister, S. 34, T. Yaohoo Spriogs, P. 0. Yaohoo Spriogs, 1870. Boll, S. B., Foaroer, S. 5, T. Hastiogo, P. 0. Hastiogs, 1869. Boll, Wmo. H.. Foaroer& Sloth, S. 8, T. B,,rry, P. 0. Dolton, 1875. Hallack, F., Foar,,,r, S. 18, T. Hope,, P. 0. Shuoltz, 1864. Hamoilton, W., Foaooer, S. 35, T. Borty, P. 0. Hicoroy Coroers, 1885. Hommonod, H. 3., Foaooer & Stook, S. 12, T. Botlood, P. 0. Hostiogs, 1856. Homo,,ood, John, Far,,er, 5. 24, T. Irviog, P. 0., Baotiogs, 1855. Boamp, B., Foroeoo&Minister,.S. 4,T. Castletoo P. 0. Coat. Goveo Holoptoo, Albort C., Far,,oo & Stock, S. 2, T. Harry, P. 0. Cod8,, Crook, 1878. Haompton, Joesse, (Deoeosod,.001. 14, 18921, 5. 2, T. Borry, P. 0. Coda,,. Crook, 1847. Haody, H. B., Foo~,ooe, Hastiogs,, 1872. Hording, W-,., Faoroer, S. 291, T. Maple Grovoo, P. 0. Maplo C-oveo, 1886. Hardy, M., Gardener, S. 32, T. Hostiogs, P. 0. Haoliogs,. 1866. Horpor, Choas. B., Far01er aod Stock, S. 28, T. Thoooopple, P. 0. Middlevilb, 1853. Harptr, 3. S. (3. S. Horpor & Co.), Houmbor, Shiogles, Bto., Hostiogs,, 1892. Harrison, 3. W., Foaroeo, S. 3, T. Hopo, P. 0. Shultz, 1867. Harrson, N. B., Foaroeo, S. 4, T. Hopo, P. 0. Shulto, 1866. Harry, J. P., Foaomor, S. 2, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1875. Hoot, Bloer,, Foro. & Stook, 5. 14, T. Co,,tloton, P. 0. Nashville, 1874. Hart, A. W., Foarmor, S. 36, F. Thoroopple, P. 0. Irviog, 185-3. Hort, F. S., Foaooer, S. 35, T. Thoroopplo, P. 0. Irviog, 18.56. Hoot, Harrisoo, Foaroeo, 5. 16, T. Hopo, P. 0. Cloverdaole, 1857. HISTORICAL REFERENCE ]DIRECTORY. Booths,,r,, Bogooo, Fotooto & Stock, 5. 33, T. Oroogooillo, P. 0. PrairieHootlhoo,, J. M., Farmero, S. 34, T. Oroogevillo, P. 0. Prairiotille, 1848. Hoartooo, B. J., Miller,, Doltoo, 1.878. Hartwell, M. C., got,,,,, & Stook, 5. 35, T. Hope,, P. 0. Codar, Crook, 1885. Hootiogo City Boak, H. H. Bobisono, Pros., D. W. Boyoolds, Coob., Hoot. logo. Hootiogo Bog-iot & Iroo Worko, Maohioe Shop, Blackoo-ithiog-, Iron,, & Boo,,, Fooodry, Matoofaotorers & Bepairors, aod Monufooturerso' Ageoto, Hootiogo. Hoolio~go Notio,,al Book, A. J. Hrooo.e, Proo., W. H. Hayes, Cosh., Hostlogo. Hothawoay, B. C., Foaroer, 5. 38, T. Botlood, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1855. Hatloooay, M. B., Foar,,eo, 5. 35, F. Botlood, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1876. Hotton, 'Gilt,, Foarmer, 5. 34, F. Flhoropple, P. 0. Middlooille, 1872. Hoot,,,, G. W., Coaroro, 5. 4, F. Hopo, P. 0. Schultz, 1875. Hooveo, Wmo., Foto,,er, 5. 31, F. B,,tload, P. 0. Haotiogo, 1875. Hoow,,, H., Far,,er, 5. 36, F. Ho,,tlogo, P. 0. Moogoo, 1858. Hoaoks, Jooeph. Foa,,eoo, 5. 15, F. Maple Grooe, P. 0. Noshoillo, 1868. Hoyeo, B. H., Foa,,er & Co,,,oot Wello-ohoo, Hastiogo, 1888. Hoyt,, H. G., A,,,,itoot Cootioo Ho tiogo Natolnsl Hook, Hootiogo, 1871. Hoyos, W. Di., Coothioo Hootiogo Natiooal Hook, Hootiogo, 1848. Boy,,ar,, C., Far,,or, 5. 17, F.- Hope, P. 0. Clooerdolo, 1856. Hayoord, Thoomos, Foormer, S. 17, F. Hopo, P. 0. Clooerdale, 1856. Hoywood0, Alfred, Foa,,neo, S. 11, T. Rutloatd, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1061. Hoztl, M. C., Foor,,to, 5. 14, F. Hope, P. 0. Schoultz, 1865. Haotldioe, Joaes, Foarmer & Stock, S. 4, F. Cootloto,,, P. 0. Woodlaod, Hoadloy. Aolvi, Faromeo, 5. 19, F. Took,,, Spriogo, P. 0. Boweooo Mills,, 1871. Booby, W. Fl., Foorer &, Stotk, 5. 8, F. Botlooid, P. 0. Iroiog, 1864. Hooly,S. P., Foareo,S. 8,FT.Botlood,P. 0. roiog, 1858. Ho,,,y, Jothn, Fotrotr, 5. 28, FV. Thotroopple, P. 0. Middleville, 1891. Heatoer, 3., Bar,,er, 5. 18, F. Cootletol,, P. 0. Hootiogs,, 1867. Heoat,, A. BE., Retired Foarler, 5. 36, F. Holtimoreo, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1879. Hoskothoto, Jacob, Fooroor & Stoth, 5. 2s, F. Caotletolo, P. 0. Noohville, Heofobower,, Si-,ooo, Foarler, 5. 9, F. Coolto,,, P.O0. Foeeport, 1865. Hebltr, W-o., Boobood Faromer, 5. 1, F. Butland, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1865. Helmero, WV. 3., Foorlner, 5. 1, T. Butlood, P. 0. Ha,,tioo,,, 1865. Hendershot, C. M., Foaroer, 5. 8, F. Holtimoreo, P. 0. Hootingo, 1854. Hoeodoerbot, W. A., Foa,,or, S. 7, F. Baltimore, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1959. Heodoeolhott, Job,, 3., Fat,,er & Sloth, 5. 32, F. looiog, P. 0. looiog, 1844. Heoderthttoo Rdobert I., Cheoap Coob Goocory Store, Hootiogo. 1958. BTo-dttohott, G. H., Farotr, S. 29,T. Irviog,P. 0. Iroiogo 1865. H,,odoeoh,,tt, 3. W., Foaroet, 5. 29. F. Irviog, P. 0. looilog, 1844. Bonderooo, A., Foaroer, 5. 21, F. Hootiogo, P. 0. Bootings, 1888. Hoodrick, H. B., Attorooy-ot-Lao, Middbeville, 1875. Booty, Thomas,, Foaoer, 5. 24, F. Botlaod, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1855. Hero,,y, J. B., Farmoer, S. 4, F. Carlton,, P. 0. Frteport, 1869. Ho,,,ey, J. B., Foaroor, 5. 19, F. Coolto,,, P. 0. O'Donnell, 1853. Booty, P. G., Sopoololoodoot ot Post, 5. 22, F. Baltimore, P. 0. High Book, 1856. Heoty, Jobn,V, aro,,er, S. 19, F. Corltso, P. 0. O'Doootll, 1855. Herriogtso, Job,,, Fartmor, S 33, F. HBaltioreo, P. 0. D~ooliog, 1855. Hertiogtso, 3. B., Fotooto, 5. 28, F. Boltitorto, P. 0. D~owling, 1857. Hewitit, Hoe,. J3., Foarmer & Sloth, 5. 2, F. Castleols, P. 0. Boosovillo, 1866. Btowitt, A. B. Fatroer, 5. 8, F. Butload, P. 0. Irviog, 1893. Hick, C. H. Fotroer & Sloth, 5. 17, F. Hostiogs, Beo. & P. 0. Hostiogs, Biggiloo, Albbott B., Monoger Sootry Cou,,ty Graphic," Doltsl,,, 1895. Hilbert, F. F., Booker,, Boohoogo Hook, Woodlood, 1860. Hill, C. L., Foaroor, 5. 23, F. Yookeo Spriogo, P. 0. Hiddletille,, 1865. Hill, H4. Mt., Formet, 5. 35, F. Moplo Grove, P. 0. Noshvillo, 1856. Hill, Joaoes, Fotooto, S. 24, F. Balti,,ore, P. 0. booty, 1854. Hill, Jo,,., Fatomer, 5. 38. F. Moplo Hroot,, P. 0. Hotoy, 1855. Hill, L.. Foarmor, 5. 25, F. Hbatimortt, P. 0. Lotey, 1865. Hill, W-o., Fooo er, 5. 15, F. Boltimoreo, P. 0. Hastings, 1854. Hill, L. S., Fotrotr, Irviog, 1848. Hiloiogot, H., For,ooer, 5. 33, F. Hootiogs, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1879. Hilton,, Eli, Fotr,,er, 5. 8, F. Cootloto,,, P. 0. Horgoan, 1861. Hiotboooo, Job,, T., Fotmor & Sloth, S. 32, T. Boaltimore, P. 0. Dooling, HI,,iochooo, L. E. & H. B.,FTotltinfoHorses, S. 4, T. Aooyrio, P.O0. Assyrio, Blotho,,,,, S. FP., Foarmor, S. 31, F. Holti,,ote, P. 0. Dowoling, 1842. Biods,, 3. 5. Fotroer, S. 12, F. Rope, P. 0. Hoo~tiogo~, 1854. Hote, Job,,, Foaroer, S. 16, F. Hope, P. 0. Clovordole, 1858. Bloe, W. H., Farmoet, S. 9, F. Hopo, P. 0. Sholtz, 1867. Giohley, Joho, Foao-or & Stoth, 5. 31, T. Moplo Hrovt,, P.O0. Hocey, 1852. Hiol,:boy, J. B., Faoorooo & Stoth, 5. 33, T. Hopt, P. 0. Dotto,,,, 3869. Hinkleby, N. M., Foaroeo, 5.7, F. Coolto,,, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Hitt, Boo., Fotroto, S. 26, F. WoodloaoS, P. 0. Woodlood, 1855. Hilt, William,, Fotrotr & Sloth, 5. 26, F. Woodlood, P. 0. Woodlood., 1861. Hlobbo,WB. A., Farmero, S. 11, F. Hootiogs, P. 0. Hootiogo. Glot,, Fraook B., Foaroer, 5. 11, F. Botllod, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1855. BsGoooml, C., Faromor, 5. 25, T. Hbati,,ore, P. 0. Hooty, 1865. HH~ooo-, H. 3., Foormtr, S. 17, F. Moplt HGovet, 1867. BHoffoo, Jocob, Foaroor, S. 24, T. Baltimoreo, P. 53. booty, 1oll. HoO,,ooo, 3., Farmoer, 5. 35, F Mople Grovto, P. 0. Nashvoilte, 1858. Hofofman, Jocobo, Fatoot, 5. 25, F, Boltimorto, P. 0. Boot-y. 1866. -- Holbrook, B. B.. City Beorodoer, Haotiogo, 1864. Holcom~b, H., Fatomor, 5. 5, F. Bolti,,ort, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1868. Holcootb, Maoon,, Foarmor, S. 1, F. Poololoievll, 1866. Holdo,,, B. F., Foaootr, S. 35, F. Proiritvillt, P. 0. Coto,,ty, 1871. Holdto,, W-o, Foarmtr, 5. 24, F. Joh~soot,o, P. 0. Bedford, 1845. Hollolol, R. I., Hivery, Solo & Food Stobloes, Bo,,lillt, 1898. Bobomoo Lool, Botirod Farmero, Woodlood, 1843. Hloloi,oo. P. B., F otrott, S. 29, F. Woodlood, P. (3. Woodland, 1849. Honetywell,HE.E., Fo, ar-r& Stock, 5. 21, F. Poirioville, P. 0.Prairietoblo, 1868. Booty,, 11, C. B., Foarmer, 5. 21, T. Prololotille, P. 0. B,,oood, 1855. Hooeywooll, B. H., Fotootr, 5. 15, T. Poobolotillo, P. 0. Poololoievil, 1855. Hotover, H. B., Fooooro& Soaollrutsb, S. 23,FT. Castleolo, P. 0. Noshville, 18725 Hopkios, A. D., Fotroor, S. 8, F. Cootleolso, P. 0. Bootiogs,, 1848. Hophioo, B.. F aroroo, 5. 26, T. Itviog, P. 0. ooog,1872. i Hopkhino, 3. W., Fotroer, S. 5, F. Hooliogo, P. 0. Hoostiogo, 1851. Ottorl, H oseo, Fatrer, S. 31, 'V. Baltiboreo, P. 0. Cedoar Creek, 1863. Hortoo,, Cho,,., Far,,oer, S. 3, T. Bootiogo, P. 0. Hoologos, 1848. Hooftatotot, Hovid B., Fotooeo & S Loth, 5.. SFT. Hootiogo, P. 0. Baotiogo, Hoogti, C. A., Coohier For lrt' & Merchoant's Book, Noohvillo, 1868. Hough, L. H., Fatmer, 5. 24, T. Woodlaod, P. 0. Woodland, 1868. Hooghiobio, Boo., Fotrotr, 5. 12, F. Holtimore, P. 0. Hooliogo,.1858. Hootoolo, Poloer, Fooroer & Sloth, 5. 6, T. Booty, P. 0. Bolt,,,, 1872. Bowt, SoaoutI, Faromer, S. 36, T. Botboad, P. 0. Hootingo, 1859. Hodosol, B. H., Foaroer, 5. 14, F. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1664. HoSf, B. E, IFor,,er, S. 5, T. Yanoheo S poiog-, P. 0. Booto,,, Mills, 1893. H,,g,,-a,,, W., Foormot, 5. 24, T. Baltimoreo, P. 0. High Bonk, 1865 HoIggolt, Jobs, Foaooer & Sloth, 5. 8, T. Yaokee Springo, P. 0. Howt,,, MiIlls, 1870. Haggett, Dovld, Fotroot, 5. 26, T. Ao,,yrio, P. 0. Bellevue, 18o7. Hoghoo, A. B., Fbsoolog Boll,,, Irving, 1885. Hoghest, 3. B., Coolly Toooooror, Hostings, 1849. Hugtho, H-. C., Foaroer, S. 3, F. Prolobotille, P.O0. Poololoievlo, 1855. Hulbbort, B., Faroot, 5. 14, F. Hotoy, P. 0. Hickory Coroots. Huliogs, B. W., Foarmor, S. 3, F. Hootiogo, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1856. Hoblogo, Joho, Thoresher, 5. 16, F. Bootiogo, P. 0. Bootiogo, 1869. Boll, B., Fatootr, 5. 4, F. Hopo, P. 0. Shulbtz, 1859. Bolll, F., Foarmer, 5. 4, F. I-ope, P. 0. Shultz, 1894. 79 Hoot, C. A., Fotroer, S. 8, T. Joholootow, P. 0. Baoohold, 1855. Hopp, Food., Fotooer & Sloth, S. 7, F. Thotoopplo, P. 0. Coledooio, 1893. Huroloy, E. L., Fotooot, S. 29, F. Booty, P. 0. Hickory Corooto, 1875. Hoote, Wm_. Foaroeo, 5. 1,,, F. Cootleots,, P. 0. Noohvillo, 1875. Hyde, B. WV., Fotrmtr, 5. 9, T. Hople Groveo, P. 0. Nashibllo, 1855. Hydo, Chos., Faroeo, 5. 32, F. Co,,lltolo, P. 0. Noshville, 1854. Hyde, L. A., Faoroor, S. 18, F. Aooyria, P. 0. Hotoy, 1851. Hyoto, Jobhn, Foormot & Slosh, 5. 33, F. Woodlond, P. 0. Woodlood, 1842. Hynoes, S., Fooroto & Sloth, 5. 6, F. Cootbeots,, P. 0. Coot,, Grovto, 1857. Byots, Q. A., Boogs, Paiots,, Oil,,, Woll Poper, ott., Bolton,, 5863. Ido,,, A. J., Fooroot, 5. 21, F. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1894. Ido,, BF, Fao,,oo, 5. 27, F. Johnostow, P. 0. Hedford, 1859. Ickes,, 0. F.. Fotooto, S. 2, F. Baltimoreo, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1864. Ithoe,, W. H., Foarmot, 5. 11, T. Boltitoreo, P. 0. Bootiogs, 1860. brlood, J. C., Foar,,eo, S. 14, F. Cootolto-, P. 0. Nosboillo, 1878. Jockono,, B., Fotroto, 5. 26, F. Mople Broot,, P. 0. Noohoille, 1852, Jaotood, W. P., Foaroot, 5. 11, Mople Groveo, P. 0. Noashville, 1850. Joodro,, P., Foaroeo, 5. 33, T. Holtimoore, P. 0. Dowliog, -1856. Jeoki,,s, Bobert, Fooroet, 5. 2, T. Thotoopplo, P. 0. Parmeolee, 1893. Jonseo, Poloer, Fotrotr, 5. 9, F. Thotoopplo, P. 0. Hiddlotiblo, 1878. Johnoos, A. J., Fooroto, 5. 18, T. Orongevolel, P. 0. Poolitoeillo, 1858. JohotCox, W. B., Farmoer, 5. 34, F. 0Ooagovillo, P. 0. Poololotiblo, 1862. 'Johlso,,, Moo. B. H., Fatrmto & Sloth, 5. 24, F. Poooioibvllo, P. 0. Hilo, 1864. Jbshooo, 0. H., Fooroot & Sloth, S. 8, F. I0vi0g, P. 0. Freoport, 1875. Jobnooo, Ado H., S. 24, T. Prolitoievll, P. 0. 8111,, 1878. Johsooo, Boo F., 5. 24, T. Poolitoevlit, P. 0, 81110, 1077. Johooso, Hootice F., Stloeool, 5. 24, T. P,,oirieville, P. 0. 8111,, 1881. Joh,,ooo, Milloard 0.. Studoot, S. 24, F. Pooloietillo, P. 0. Hil,,, 1885. J,,h,,,oo, B. A., Foormeo, 5. 32, F. Irviog, P. 0. Irving, 1859. Johooson, F. E., Foormot, S. 35, F. Rutlond, P. 0. Shultz, 1846. Johshono, Food., Foormto, 5. 19, F. Irviog-, P. 0. Hiddlotiblo, 1868. Johooson, H. H.. Foaroeo. S. 25, F. Yookoo Spriogs, P. 0. Yankoo Springs, 1868. Johnoon, H. B., Fotooeo, 5. 03, T. Bootiogo, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1882. Johsooo, Bobert, Fotrotr, S. 21,FT. Iroiog, P. 0. Middleville, 1866. Johooson, Tho,;., Fooroeo, 5. 27, T. Joboostowto, P. 0. Bedford, 1865. 3o00s, B., botrmer, 5. 31, F. Hope, P. 0. Bollton, 1861. Sootes, F. B., Foaroto, 5. 26, F. Baltimoreo, P. 0. IDowliog, 1873. Jones,, Booty, Foaroer, 5. 24, F. Otoogevillo, P. 0. Dolt,,,, 1866. Jones, H. A., Fotrmeo, 5. 14, F. Booty. P. 0. Hickory Cornots. Jooos, Thotsoot, Foarotr, 5. 28, T. Cotlton, P. 0. Coarlton Ceoltre, 1875. Joodo,,, Choas. W., Bogistor of DotSd., Haootiogs, 1858. Jsordo,,F. L., Far,, r,oS. 22,T. Irviog, P. 0.Northbl viog, 1868. Jordoan, H. F., Atotorny, Middlotille, l8ss, Jordoan, Willord, Faromor, 5. 9, F. Woodlood, P. 0. Woodlood, 1880. Boobolo, Hooio, Fotroto, S. 29, T. Tboroopple, P. 0. Hiddlotiblo, 1883. Bohlot, Chorles, Foaroer, S. 34, F. Bope, P. 0. Dolton, 1868. Bobot, 'H. B,_ Fotooto, 5. 26, F. Hope, P. 0. Cedoar Creek, 1861. Boblo,,, Jobh,, Fotrott, S. 34, F. Hops, P. 0. Dolton, 1868. Boiser, Otls, Foaroor, 5. 24, F. Coolltols, P. 0. Nooboillo, 1879. Kabobh., Hooty, Foaroer, 5. 19, T. Yookee Spriogs,, P. 0. Howeo,, Hills,, Booboo, B. H., Hoosfatootoiog, Middloville, 1865. Boolot, H. S., Mertboot, Bootoob Hdsc,., MiSSleville, 1862. Booboo, Woo B., Coobier Slobe Book, MiddeotIleo, 1859. BKeibh, A. H., Hivery, Food & Solo Stables,, Hootiogo, 1848. Bobbey, A. J., Fotooto, S. 1, F. Hooty, P. 0. Cedor Crotk, 1849. Bobbey, Woltoer, Fotooto, 5. 3, F. Hootlogo, P. 0. Hoollogs, 1869. Bobby, HI. J., Faormto, S. 22, F. Botlo,,S, P. 0. Hootings, 1874. Kell11, H. C., Foaroo, 5. 23, F. tooiog, P. 0. Booth Irving.. 1868. Bobby, Thosmao, Foarmot & Foothoer, 5. 22, T. Rutland,, P. 0. Hastiogs, BKeeoliog, Poloer, Foaroto, 5. 26, T. Boltimoret, P. 0. Dowliog, 1862. Btooooooiog, J. H-., Fotrotr, S. 2, F. Jostooloo, P. 0. Dso,ogin, 1878. Booootoo, A. B., Juotiteof t5 b Foot,, ond Attototy ot Hoot, Hootings, Kenneody, Boov 3. C., Pools,, Cotholic ChurchF, Hootiogo, 1894. Benoedy, A. B., Fotootr, 5. 15, T. Bootiog-s, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1853. Boonody, J. N.. Foaooor. 5. 13. F. Hostings, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1852. Boooody, Stepben, Post,,aster, looiog, 18951. Bet,,tA.BG., Farmert& FioeStock, S. 9FT. A ssyri, P.O0. Aooyrio, 1852, Boot, B. 0., Foarmeo, S. 15, T. Asoyrio, P. 0. Assyrio, 1857. Beoyon, C., Foaootr, 5. 18, T. Hopo, P. 0. Shultz, 1867. Beoyoo, B. C., Fotomto, 5. 35, T. Coolto,,, P. 0. Coot,, Grovte, 1856. Benyon, B. Hl, 0ooaroet, 5. 15, F. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1861. Bteoyoo, 3. P. H.alt, Bonhot, Freeport, 1879. Bonots,. 0. B., Foormor, 5. 31, F. Coarlton, P. 0. Hastinogs, 1857. Beoyso, S. H., Faromer, S. 3o, F. Corltso,, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Boo,,, B. XV., Poop,. Poloce Phoorooty, Boogo, Paints,, Oils,, Proirieoille, 1871. Boo,,, W. S.,I Foarer, 5. 38, F. Hloph, P. 0. Clooerdole, 1871. Bidder, Boo. S. H.. Fotooet &- Miistor, 5. 25, F. Cootoleto, P. 0. Hoogoo,, Bibloik, Job,,, Farootr & Stotk, S. 31, T. Orangeville,. P. 0. Oroogetillo, Billiok,-3. C., Fotooto, S. 25, T. Oroogeville, P. 0. Proirittille, 1864. Bilmero, Myroo, Fotooto & Stock, 5. 7, F. Thooo,,pplo, P. 0. Caledonia, Bilpotrick, Jobo, Foarmer, 5. 24, F. Woodlood, P. 0. Woodlond, 1847. Biog, A. P., Farmert, S. 29, F. Joboosotow, P. 0. Bedford, 1848. Biog, B. B.,Fooroer, 5. 19, T. Yookee Spriogso, P. 0. Bsoweoo Hills,, 1866. Flog, 3. B., Fotooto, 5. 19, F. Yonket Spriogo, P. 0. Bowoo,, Hillo, 1868. Bingsbory, A,,sel, BoobooS Hood 5o-e00, Cloverdole, 1858. Kb7,,,,, S. C., For,,or, S. 38, F. Thotoopplo, P. 0. Hiddlovillo, 1854. Birchoot, 3. B., Foa,,or, 5. 8, T. ButbooS, P. 0. Irviog, 1856. Kirkpottock, 3., Fotoet, S. 33, T. Hoplo BGrooe, P. 0. Mople Grovto. Blioe, Jaoob, Foaroor, S. 1o2, T. H-ope, P. 0., Sbultz, 1861. Bliot, W. H., Foaroer, 5. 12, F. Hope, P. 0. Sochultz, 1863. BKoapp, 3. H., Foototo, S. 26, F. Assyria, P. 0. Bellevue, 1843. Bnosol, F. W., Fa,,,er, S. 2o, F. CHooleto-, P. 0. Noshoille, 1892. Boblo, H. C., Fotroot, 5. 1, T. Hastiogs. P. 0. Cooto Grovto, 1878. Bohlot, Fro,,k, Foormor, 5. 36, T. Ioov,,g, P. 0. Booliogo,1875. Bo~kle, P., Faromot, IHoting,,, 1884. BKoamto, Johno, Fo,,,,er, 8. 2, F. Woodlaod, P. 0. Hoke Odssao, 1849. Brosowtotiro, Wmoo_ FVooo t, 5. 3, T. Butlond, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1866. Boots, B. 3., Fotootr, 5. 3, F. Mosle Grovto, P. 0. Noohvillo, 1858. Hoke, B. H., Botirod Foormtr, 5. 33, F. Hootiogs, P. 0 Hostinos, 1863. Hoocatooro, 3. H., Jo., Fatooso, 5. 26, T. Caolob., P. 0. Hootings, 1859. Hoaoe, W. 3., Post,,,ooter, Herchont, Hottor & Bggo, CedorCreek, 1889. Hoot, B. W., F. 00,00, 5. 11, 17. Rdotlond, P. (3. Bootiogo, 1865. Hoohood, 3. P., Foarmor, 5. 31, F. Hootiogo., P.O0. Hootiogo, 1885. Hopha-o, Glbert, Far,,o, 5. 21, T. Haplo BGrooe, P. 0. Maplo Hroot,, 1847. Hotobot, C. P., Merchooot, Cedo,, Creok, 18560. Hotobso, BEoio, Foa,,er, S. 28, T. Baltimoroo, P. 0. Bowlibng, 1851. Hotobot, F. P., Farooer, 5. 23, F. Bope, P. 0. Cedor Cetok, 185S. Hotobto, ls. B., Foarer, S. 8, T. Boltioreot, P. 0. Hootings, 1849. Hotobet, S. H., Foorer, S. 2s, T. I-ope, P. 0. Cedoot Creek, 1858. Looobee, S. H., Faoo,,or, 5. 33, T. Hope, P. 0. 001000, 1851. Hookin,, B. B., Fao,,or, 5. 15, F. Hootiogo, P. 0. Hootiogo, 1862. Hoohis, B., F~ooo-oo, S. 15, F. Hootiogo, P. 0. Hastiogo, 1858. Hathaoo, N., Foo,,,or, S. 23, T. Balti-ortt, P. 0. High Hook, 1855S Hotbrosb, Wiblli, Fotootr, S. 31, T. Coobleots,, P. 0. Morgan, 1861. HoohooigiO A. 3., Foo,,,oo, S. 34, T. Botloaod, P. 0. Sholto, 1879. Hoobaogb, Jo,,eo, Faormooo, S. 22, F. Botlaod, P. 0. Hootings, 1875. Hooboogh, Hoo, otlt, S. 1ST. Rutlaond, P. 0. Hootiogs, 1877.

Page  80 80 Lawrence, Albert, Farmer & Stock, S. 33, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1856. Lawrence, P. H., Farmer, S. 28, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1852. Leach, J. M., Farmer, S. 32, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1840. Lee, Jefferson, Farmer, S. 36, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Irving, 1855. Lee, M. P., Farmer, S. 12, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Irving, 1855. Lee, Wm., Farmer, S. 17, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1855. Lehner, Huldah, Farmner & Stock, S. 32, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1859. Leinaar, Jacob, Farmer, S. 25, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Cressey, 1862. Leinaar, John, Farmer, S. 15, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1870. Leinaar, P., Farmer, S. 10, T. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1859. Leonard, Farmer, Farmer, S. 13, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1892. Leonard, F. 0. N., Farmer. S. 20, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1855. Leroy, P. J., Farmer, S. 25, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1880. Lewis, Adam, Farmer, S. 29, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Orangeville, 1856. Lewis, David, Farmer, S. 1, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Quimby, 1855. Lewis, G. F., Farmer, S. 18, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1885. Lichty, John, MIngr. Poor Farnl, S. 27, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Lindsey, Wm., Farmer, S. 5, T.Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1854. Litts, Jesse, Farmer, S. 1, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1864. Litts, Win., Farmer, S. 1, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1864. Litzan, John, Farmer, S. 23, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1875. Lockhart, E., Farmer, S. 12, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1859. Loehr, G. W., Farmer, S. 34, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. Loehr, L., Farmer, S. 34, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1870. Long, H., Farmer, S. 4. T. T. Thornapple, P. 0. Caledonia, 1884. Long, S. R., Farmer, S. 21, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1870. Louden, Wm., Farmer & Stock, S. 16, T. Barry, P. 0O. Hickory Corners, 1855. Lowden, W. 0. (Lowden & Barrell), Attorney at Law, Hastings, 1861. Lowden, Wm., Farmer, S. 11, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1855. Lowry, G. W., Physician & Surgeon, Hastings, 1883. Lunn, C. E., Merchant Tailor, Hastings, 1875. 'Lutz, Philip, Shoemaker, Manufacturing and Repairing, Hastings, 1887. Lynes, S., Farmer, S. 29, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Brouard, 1858. Lyon, W., Farmer, S. 18, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1853. Mack, C. M., Faroner, S. 28, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1868. Mahona, W., Farmer, S. 36, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1871. Main, Geo., Farmer, S. 7, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1860. Malay, John E., Farmner & Stock, S. 24, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1879. Manee, D. H., Farmer, S. 21, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Manning, G. R., Farmer, S. 21, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1860. Manning, M. J,, Faromer, S. 21, T. Baltimire, P. 0. Dowling, 1858. Manby, W. J., Farmer, S. 20, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1892. Mapes, O., Farmer, S. 2, T. Assyria, P. 0. Ceylon, 1845. Mapes, Walter, Farmer, S. 36, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Ceylon, 1842. Marble, H. F., Justice of Peace & Farmer, S. 12, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1847. Marble, W. I., Justice of Peace, Real Estate, Insurance, Loans, Oil Inspector, Nashville, 1880. Marble, H. O., Farmer, S. 12, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1846. Marriott, J., Farmer, S. 25, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1855. Marriott, Jos., Farmer, S. 19, T. Assyria, P. 0O. Lacey, 1897. Marsh, Frank, Farmer, S. 30, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1867. Marshall, Wil. H., Farmer & Stock, S. 25, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1852. Marshall, David, Farmer, S. 17, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1853. Marshall, D. L., Farmer, S. 9, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville. 1866. Marshall, G. S., Farnler, S. 17, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1850. Marshall, R. H., Farmer, S. 9, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1846. Marshall, Robert, Retired Farmer, S. 25, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1842. Marshall, Samuel, Farmer, S. 8, T. Maple Grove, P. 0 Nashville, 1852. Martin, H. M., Farmer & Stock, S. 33, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1878. Martin, Abram, Farmer, S. 14, T. Rutland, P. O., Hasoing,t 1871. Mason, Geo., Farmer, S. 16, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1860. Mason, Win., Farmer, S. 23, T Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1888. Match, William, Farmer & Stock, S. 33, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1862. Mater, John, Farmner, S. 13, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1872. Matthews, A. A., Farmer. S. 11, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hasti0ngs, 1867. Matthews, James, Farmer, S. 25, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Lacey, 1866. Mattison, E. A., All kinds of Musical Instruments, Pianos & Organs a specialty, Hastings, 1879. Maurer, Peter, Farmer, S. 3, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1875. Maurer, Philip, Farmer, S. 4, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1872. Maurer, P. S., Farmer, S. 18, T. Maple Grove, P. O., Nashville, 1873. Maxwell, E. L., Farmer, S. 4, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings. 1892. Mayo, H. H., Farmer, S. 11, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1848. Mayo, H. L., Farmer, S. 3, T. Assyria, P. 0. Ceylon, 1859. McArthur, W. J., Farmer, S. 21, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1842. McBain, Duncan, Farmer, S. 20, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners. McCall, Burt, Farmer, S. 29, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1890. McCallum, John, Farmner, S. 5, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1838. McCallum, M., Farmer, S. 7, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1842. McCartney, R., Farmer, S. 14, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1865. McCoy, Archie, Dealer in Furniture, Carpets, Etc., Hastings, 1856. McDerby, Frank, Grocer, Twp. Supervisor, Nashville, 1878. McDermott, C. B., Farmer, S. 28, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1869. McDonald, A., Farmer & Stock, S. 3, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Quimby, 1863. McDonald, G. V., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1874. McDonald, J., Farlner, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek. 1876. McDowell, N. C., Farmer, S. 21, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1879. McElwain, D. R., Farmner, S. 7, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1854. McFadden, E. D., Farmner, S. 12, T. Carlton, P. 0. Gerkey, 1883. McGlocklin, G., Farmer, S. 12, T. Barry, P. 0. Banfield, 1879. McGuinness, James, Faroier, S. 14, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. McGurn, John, Farmer, S. 24, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1867. McIntosh, Scott, Farmter, S. 35, T. Hastings, P. 0. Quimby, 1853. McIntyre, J., Farmer, S. 33, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1867. McIntyre, L. A., Farmer, S. 3, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1879. McKelvey, H. L., Farmer, S. 19, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1855. McKelvey, J., Postmaster, S. 16, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1855. McKenzie, J., Farmer, S. 20, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfleld, 1866. McKevitt, James H., Sheriff Barry County, Hastings, 1868. McKibbin, W. W., Farmner, S. 29. T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1867. McKnight, L. L., Farmer, S. 10, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1872. McLischy, Chas. L., Retired, Middleville, 1871. McNutt, G. B., Farmer, S. 10, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. McOmber, Pliny, Farmner & Stock, S. 22, '. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1838. McOmber, J. N., Farmer, S. 23, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1860. McPeek, Richard, Farmer, S. 33, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling. 1872. McPharlin, P., Farmer, S. 30, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. McQuarrie, John, Farmer, S. 28, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1870. McQueen, Archie, Farmer, S. 25, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1863. McQueen, Chas., Farmer, S. 25, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1846. McQueen, John, Farmer, S- 25, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1862. Mead, H. H., Farmer, S. 20, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. Mead, H. J., Farmer, S. 22, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1853. Mead, J. W., Farmer, S. 16, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1849. Mead, B. Farmer, S. 32, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan. 1849. Meade, E., Farmer, S. 7, T. Castleton, P. 0. Hastings, 1857. Meade, Thos., Farmner, S. 17, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1852. Meloy, W. S., Farmer, S. 5, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1846. Merrick, W. H., Fariner, S. 14, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. HISTORICAL REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Merrifield, N., Farmner, S. 35, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Merrill, F. J., Farmer, Road Commissioner, S. 16, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1860. Merrill, G. A., Farmer, S. 34, T. Rutland, P. 0. Shultz, 1895. Merrill, H. T., Farmer, S. 16, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1836. Messer, Chester, Vice-President Hastings City Bank, Hastings, 1842. Meyers, Wesley, Druggist, Twp. Clerk & Notary, Woodland, 1849. Miller, Abraham, Farmler & Stock, S. 6, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Caledonia, 1871. Miller, George, Farmer & Stock, S. 11, T. Johnstown, P. 0O. Lacey, 1856. Miller, Martin, Farmer & Stock, S. 22, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1861. Miller, A. J., Farmer, S. 7, T. Assyria, P. 0O. Lacey, 1867. Miller, H. W., Farmer, S. 22, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1872. Miller, Jacob, Farmer, S. 27, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1862. Miller, J. S., Farmner, S. 3, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1875. Miller, Jasper, Farmler, S. 7, T. Assyria, P. 0. Lacey, 1852. Miller, J. A., Farmer, S. 26, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1856. 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Cedar Creek, 1848. Morgan, Edward, Farmer, S. 9, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1878. Morgan, J. F., Farmer, S. 10, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1863. Morgan, John, Farmer, S. 30, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan, 1865. Morgan, R. S., Farmer, S. 25, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1874. Mosher, Howard, Railway Agent & General Merchant, Cloverdale, 1856. Mosher, Peter, Farmer, S. 15, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1856. Mott, Jacob, Farlner, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1862. Moulton, D. WV., Farmer, S. 11, T. Irving. P. 0. Freeport, 1848. Moulton, I. J., Farmer, S. 14, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1859. Moulton, J. W., Farmer, S. 14, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1860. Mowry, C. M., Farmer, S. 30, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1876. Mowry, Edward, Farmer, S. 30, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1870. Moxon, John, Farmer. S. 2, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1857. Mudge, D. L., Propr. Ford Hotel, Hastings, 1868. Mugridge, Wm., Farmler, S. 20, T. Irving. P. 0. Middleville, 1864. 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Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1887. National Bank of Battle Creek, General Banking, Battle Creek. Nelson, Geo. H. (Temple & Nelson), Merchant, Genl. Mdse., Prarieville, 1873. Nelson, D. E., Farmer, S. 7, T. Baltilore, P. 0. Hastings, 1880. Newland, C. A., Farmer, S. 32, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1868. Newton, D. C., Farmer, S. 30, T. Hastings, P. 0.. Hastings, 1857. Newton, H. A., Mill-owner, Electric Plant, Etc., Hastings, 1867. Newton, 0. L.. Farmer, S. 6, T. Carlton, P. 0. Freeport, 1867. Nichols, Eli, Merchant, General Merchandise, Orangeville, 1837. Nichols, 0. P., Farmer, S. 31, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Gun Marsh, 1845. Nichols, Willard, Farmer, S. 8, T. Barry, P. 0. Delton, 1867. Nickerson, C. E., Merchant. Lacey, 1835. Nobles, Milton, Farmer & Stock, S. 1, T. Barry, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1858. Nobles, H. L., Farmer, S. 14, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1856. Norris, B. F., Farmer, S. 27, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1840. Norris, C. J., Farmer, S. 5, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Morgan, 1851. Norris, H. D., Farmer, S. 26, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1838. Norris, J. H., Farmer, S. 6, T. Assyria, P. 0. Lacey, 1858. Norris, Mark, Farmer, S. 2, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1844. Norris, R., Farmter, S. 32, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1857. Norton, L., Farmer, S. 18, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1853. Norton, L., Farmer, S. 21, T. Irving, P. 0. North Irving, 1864. Norton, Robert, Farmer, S. 20, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Orangeville, 1851. Norton. S. B., Farmer, S. 29, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1854. Norwood, C. A., Farmer, S. 8, T. Barry, P. 0. Delton, 1856. Noyes, Asa, Farmner, S. 24, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1869. Nutt, Albert, Farmer & Stock, S. 13, T. Hope, P. 0. Shultz, 1880. Nye, A. E., Farmer & Stock, S. 24, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1863. Nye, W. S., Farmer & Stock, S. 35, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1846. Oaks, Chas., Farmer & Stock, S. 16, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1855. Oaks, Woi., Farmner, S. 16, T. 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Ceylon, 1851. Spire, Edward, Farmer, S. 1, T. Assyria, P. O. Ceylon, 1851. Sponable, A. J., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Sponable, Isaac, Farmer, S. 27, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Sponable, W., Fartter, S. 27, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Sprague, D. P., Farmer, S. 36, T. Carlton, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1839. Spreen, Chas., Farmer, S. 35, T. Thornapple, P. O. Middleville, 1865. Springer, J. P., Farmer, S. 26, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1854. Springett, S., Farmer, S. 2, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1875. Stam, Fred, Farmer, S. 33, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1872. Stanley, Geo., Farmer, S. 23, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1866. Stanton, B. V., Farmer & Stock, S. 6, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1845. Stanford, A., Farmer, S. 35, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1869. Stanton, Frank E., Farmer, Supvs., S. 14, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1860. Stanton, R. E., Farmer, S. 32, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Lacey, 1857. Stanton, R. R., Farmer, S. 35, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1854. Stauffer, L. E., Merchant, General Merchandise, Hastings, 1864. Stebbins, M. S., Constable, Hastings, 1843. St. John, J, Farmer & Mfr & Dealer in Lumber, Dimension Timber, Etc., S. 23, T. Woodland, P. O. Woodland, 1554. Stevens, Andrew, Farmner, S. 27, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1871. Stevens, C., Farter, S. 36, T. Baltimore, P.O. Lacey, 1863. Stevens, C. H., Farmer, S. 11, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1852. Stevens, H. K., Farmer, S. 12, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1852. Stevens, Peter, Farmer, S. 24, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Middleville, 1870. Steward, F., Farmer, S. 11, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1855. Stewart, R. C., Farmer, S. 31, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Bowens Mills, 1870. Stilson, J. H. (Stilson Bros.), Farmer & Stock, S. 28, T. Hastings, P. O. Hastings, 1859. Stilson, R. H. (Stilson Bros.), Farmer & Stock, S. 28. T. Hastings, P. O. Hastings, 1S70. Stimson, A. G., Farmer, S. 10, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1836. Stimtson, F. M., Farmer, S. 10, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Parmelee, 1849. Stocking, E. A., Farmer, S. 25, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Yankee Springs, 1865. Stoker, A. I., Farmer, S. 31, T. Thornapple, P. O. Middleville, 1844. Stone, C. H., Retired, S. 27, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1856. Stowell, C. C., Farmer, S. 12, T. Hastings, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1857. Stratton, Frank E., Farmer & Stock, S. 32, T. Barry, P. O. Hickory Corners, 1881. Streeter, W. P., Farmer, S 29, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Bowens Mills, 1830. Strickland, C. H., Farmer, S. 24, T. Baltimore, P. 0. High Bank, 1864. Strickland, Cornelius, Retired, S. 24, T. Baltimore, P. 0. High Bank, 1853. Striker, Daniel, Vice-President Hastings National Bank, Hastings, 1835. Strausbaugh, J. W., Farmer, S. 18, T. Carlton, P. D. O'Donnell, 1848. Strouse, Michael, Farmer, S. 11, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Stuart, J. N., Farmer, S. 34, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Yankee Springs, 1845. Studt, Fred., Farmer, S. 11, T. Carlton, P...Gerkey, 1874. Sullivan, Thos.. Attorney at Law, Freeport, 1876. Sutherland, B. J., Farmer, S. 18, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Prichardville, 1876. Sutton J. H., Fruit Grower, S. 7, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1854. Swanson, Geo., Sr., Farmer, S. 34, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1850. Swanson, J. H., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hastings, P. O. Hastings, 1864. Sweegles, John, Farmer, S. 7, T. Irving, P. O. Middleville, 1856. Sweezey, Jas. A. (Sweezey & Sweezey), Prosecuting Attorney, Hastings, 1851. Sweezey, Wm. B. (Sweezey & Sweezey), Attorney at Law, Hastings, 1855. Sweitzer, H. V., Farmer, S. 12, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodbury, 1861. Swift, Orson, Farmer, S. 28, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1867. Sylvester, Dr. W. O., Physician & Surgeon, Nashville, 1866. Sylvester, A. F., Farmer, S. 1, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Irving, 1867. Tabor, C. A., Farmer, S. 7, T. Rutland, P.. O. Irving, 185Q Talbott, R. C., Livery, Feed & Sale Stables, Middleville, 1856. Tanner, J. W., Farmer, S. 35, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1864. Tapley, E. O., Farmer, S. 18, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1854. Teall, Chas. E., Proprietor Hotel Teall, Hastings, 1890. Temple, S. (Temple & Nelson), Merchant, Gen. Mdse, Prairieville, 1871. Terpanning, B. G., Farmer, S. 6, T. Prairieville, P. O. Gun Marsh, 1869. Terpanning, L. L., Farmer, S. 13, T. Hope, P. 0. Hastings, 1874. Texter, John, Farmer, S. 35, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1847. Texter, John W., Farmer, S. 35, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Thomas, A. D., Dealer in Real Estate, Middleville, 1879. Thomas, B. F., Farmer, S. 2, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1888. Thomas, E. S., Farmer, S. 34, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1852. Thomas, George, Postmaster & Merchant, Gull Lake, 1859. Thomas, Orange, Farmer, S. 5, T. Thornapple, P. O. Parmelee, 1857. Thompson, Daniel, Farmer, S. 29, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1866. Thompson, W. F. Farmner, S. 29, T. Irving, P. 0. Irving. 1894. Tinkle, M., Farmer, S. 21, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1845. Titus, Byron, Farmer, S. 31, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1857. Titus, E., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1851. Titus, O. M., Farmer, S. 31, T. Hope, P. 0. Delton, 1849. Tobey, Benj., Farmer, S. 27, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1856. Tobias, J. E., Farmer & Stock. S. 28, T. Baltimlore, P. 0. Dowling, 1862. Tobias, E. A., Farmer, S. 32, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1850. Tobias, H. L,. Farmer, S. 17, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Prichardville, 1851. Todd, M. B., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1867. Tolhurst, Edgar, Farmer, S. 34, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1887. Tolhurst, G. H. Farmer, S. 32, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1893. Tolles, Quincy, Farmer, S. 15, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1849. Tompkins, C. W., Farmer, S. 21, T. Assyria, P. O. Assyria, 1844. Tompkins, G. W., Farmer, S. 21, T. Assyria, P. O. Assyria, 1847. Toole, Thomas, Farmer & Stock, S. 36, T. Assyria, P. 0. Bellevue, 1870. Town, A. C., Retired, S. 23, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1855. Town, F. J.. Farmer, S. 26, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1857. Town, W. C., Farmer, S. 23, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1857. Townsend. Jesse, Farm Machinery, Buggies, Wagons, Road Carts, Harness. Hastings, 1848. Townsend, C. F., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1857. Townsend, Chas., Farmer, S. 29, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1855. Townsend, James, Farmer, S. 3, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1838. Townsend, J. D., Farmer, S. 36, T. Carlton, P. C). Coats Grove, 1838. 81 Townsend, Lafayette, Farmer, S. 30, T. Woodland, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1845. Travis, B. B., Farmer, S. 16, T. Irving, P. O. Middleville, 1846. Travis, W. S., Farmer, S. 16, T. Irving, P. 0. Middleville, 1871. Trego, Frank, Farmer. S. 34, T. Irving, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Trick, John, Farmer, S. 27, T. Barry. P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1875. Tripp, Oscar, Farmer, S. 30, T. Assyria, P. O. Lacey, 1851. Troxel, S., Farmer, S. 27, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1854. Truman, Sanford J. (Truman & Banks), Dry Goods & Gen. Mdse., Nashville, 1870. Tuckerman, G. B., Farmer, S. 16, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1851. Tungate, Albert, Farmer, S. 12, T. Barry, P. 0. Banfield, 1862. Turner, Richard, Propr. & Builder of Wells, Slat & Wire Fence, S. 24, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. Turner, Asher, Farmer, S. 23, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Middleville. 1869. Turner, H. E., Farmer, S. 23, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Middleville, 1871. Turner, John, Farmer, S. 24, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1855. Tyler, C., Farmer, S. 35, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1854. Valentine, J. A., Farmer, S. 8, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1853. Valentine, J. H., Farmer, S. 23, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1851. Van Avery, W. H., Farmer, S. 11, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1858. Van Avery, E., Farmer, S. 18, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1876. Van Atten, A., Farmer, S. 21, T. Thornapple, P. O. Middleville, 1870. Van Ness, F. N., Farmer, S. 29, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1842. Van Sickle, G., Farmer, S. 22, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1865. Van Valkenburgh, Ira, Hardware, Implements, Paints, Oils, Etc., Hastings, 1882. VanVranken, H. C., Farmer, S. 19, T. Baltimore, P. O. Prichardville, 1895. VanVranken, C. F., Farmer. S, 19, T. Baltimore, P. O. Prichardville, 1895. Velte, J. F., Farmer, S. 23, T. Woodland, P. O. Woodland, 1852. Verdine, John, Farmer, S. 23, T. Barry, P. O. Hickory Corners, 1882. Vickers, W., Farmer & Stock, S. 36, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Ceylon, 1880. Vollwiler, Henry, Farmer, S. 5, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Calendonia, 1865. Wadd, J. J., Farmer, S. 17, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1865. Wagamon, J. C., Farmer & Stock, S. 34, T. Woodland, P. O. Woodland, 1885. Wagner, Fred., Farmer, S. 11, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1852. Wagner, W. T., Farmer, S. 10, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1892. Wait, J. M., Farmer, S. 24, T. Hastings, 1870. Wait, O. J., Farmer, S. 4, T. Carlton, P. O. Freeport, 1866. Waldorf, Milan, Farmer, S. 20, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1856. Wales, Frank F., Farmer & Stock, S. 1, T. Prairieville, P. O. Prairieville, 1866. Walker, F. W.. Attorney & Counsellor at Law, Hastings, 1881. Walker, Bryan, Sr., Farmer, S. 12, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1868. Walker, Bryan, Jr., Farmer, S. 1, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1868. Waltz, J. H., Farmer, S. 22, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1860. Ward, F. S., Farmer, S. 11, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1881. Warner, Albert, Farmer, S. 18, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Brouard, 1845. Warner, S. E., Farmer, S. 35, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1868. Warner, E. B., Farmer, S. 35, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1852. Warner, Jesse, Farmer, S. 34, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1855. Warner, D. C., Farmer, S. 22, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1853. Warner, C. M., Farmer, S. 13, T. Yankee Springs, 1888. Warner, D. C., S. Farmer, 16, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1848. Warner, Fred., Farmer, S. 28, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1853. Warner, L. L., Farmer, S. 18, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1858. Warner, W. M.. Retired Farmer, S. 22, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1852. Warren, Oscar, Farmer, S. 32, T. Castleton, P. 0. Nashville, 1866. Warren, S. S., Farmer, S. 36, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Lacey, 1854. Waters, Luke, (F. H. Barlow & Co.), Wool, Grain, Salt, Lime, Hastings, 1855. Waters, W., Farmer, S. 18, T. Hope, P. O. Prairieville, 1854. Waters, J. F., Farmer, S. 22, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1873. Waters, J., Farmer. S. 22, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1857. Waters, Chester, Farmer, S. 26, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1855. Waters, Wesley, Farmer, S. 10, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1852. Waters, Levi, Farmer, S. 10, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1846. Watkins, L., Farmer, S. 6, T. Rutland, P. O. Irving, 1871. Weaver, R. H., Farner, S. 15, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1867. Weber, F. M., Editor & Propr. Woodland, News Woodland, 1887. Webster, R. E., Farmer, S. 7, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1862. Webster, H. G., Farmer, S. 11, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1874. Weeks, Samuel, Farmer, S. 29, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Prichardville, 1838. Weeks, S. A., Farmer, S. 29, T. Baltimnore, P. 0. Prichardville, 1868. Wellman, O. P., Farmer, S. 8, T. Castleton, P. 0. Hastings, 1838. Wertman, S. A., Farmer, S. 31, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1881. Wertman, W. W., Farmer, S. 36, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1865. Wertman, J. B., Farmer, S. 36, T. Hope, P. 0. Cedar Creek, 1866. Wertz, John, Retired Farmer, S. 2, T. Assyria, P. 0. Assyria, 1881. West, B. F., Farmer, S. 22, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1860. Wheeler, P. M., Fartier, S. 35, T. Woodland, P. 0. Woodland, 1842. Whetstone, Thomas, Farmer, S. 7, T. Castleton, P. O. Hastings, 1869. Whidby, Samuel, Retired, S. 14, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1864. Whidby, Henry, Farmer, S. 13, T. Barry, P. O. Hickory Corners, 1864. Whitcomb, C. H., Farmer, S. 23, T. Maple Grove, P. O. Maple Grove, 1842. White, J. E., Farmer, S. 28, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1889. White, Oscar. Farmer, S. 13, T. Thornapple, P. 0. Middleville, 1846. Whithey, F., Farmer, S. 18, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1859. Whittemore, J. N., Farmer, S. 17, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1869. Whitlock, O. J., Farmer & Fruit Grower, S. 1, T. Prairieville, P. O. Prairieville, 1887. Whitlotk, Wm., Farmer, S. 31, T. Castleton, P.. Morgan, 1877. Whitlock, N. V., Farmer, S. 31, T. Castleton, P. 0. Morgan, 1877. Whitmore, G. D. Farmer, S. 6, T. Irving, P. 0. Middleville, 1891. Whitney, W. E., Farmer, S. 4, T. Hastings, P. O. Hastings, 1876. Whitney, E. J., Farmer, S. 4, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1876. Whitright, J. E., Farmer, S. 20, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Whitright, J. E. Farmer, S. 17, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1866. Wickham, J. V., Farmer, S. 23, T. Carlton, P. O. Coats Grove, 1876. Wickwire, I. H., Farmer, S. 17, T. Jhnsstown, P. 0. Banfield, 1865. Wickwire, J. H., Farmner, S. 13, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1865. Wickwire, W. R., Fartter, S. 12, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1865. Wills, G., Farmer, S. 26, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Bedford, 1865. Wilber, Clinton, Farmer, S. 26, T. Assyria, P. O. Bellevue, 1849. Wilcox, F. A., Farmer & Postmaster, High Bank, 1855. Wilcox, E. C., Farmer, S. 7, T. Baltimnore, P. 0. Hastings, 1883. Wilcox, Chas., Farmer, S. 5, T. Rutland, P. 0. Irving, 1855. Wilcox. C. E., Farmer, S. 2, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1860. Wiles, W. L., Farmer, S. 12, T. Assyria, P. O. Bellevue, 1849. Wilkes, Thos., Farmer, S. 14, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1847. Wilkes, C., Farmer, S. 13, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1845. Wilkes, Francis, Farmer, S. 35, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1844. Wilkins, J. L., Lumber, Hastings, 1876. Wilkinson, J., Farmer, S. 34, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1853. Williams, Charles E., Farmer & Stock, S. 21, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Bowens Mills, 1861. Williams, A. N., Farmer, S. 4, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1857. Williams, David, Farmer, S. 12, T. Carlton, P. O. Gerkey, 1857. Williams, H. W., Farmer, S. 24, T. Prairieville, P. 0. Milo, 1854. Williaus, Lewis, Farmer, S. 19, T. Barry, P. 0. Milo, 1861. Williams, R., Merchant, S. 35, T. Yankee Springs, P.O. Yankee Springs, 1867.

Page  82 82 HISTORICAL REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Williams, S. LT., Farmer, S. 28, T. Hope, P. O. Delton, 1852. Williams, T. C., Farmer, S. 29, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Williams, Wm., Farmer, S. 14, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1860. Willison, A., Farmer, S. 35, T. Assyria, P. 0. Battle Creek, 1858. Willison, B. B., Farmer, S. 22, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1853. Willison, Geo. E., Farmer & Stock, S. 26, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1851. Willison, Samuel R., Farmer & Stock, S. 23, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1837. Willison,-W., Farmer, S. 13, T. Johnstown, P. 0. Lacey, 1855. Wilson, E. D., Farmer, S. 21, T. Yankee Springs, P.O. Yankee Springs, 1871. Wilson, A. E., Farmer, S. 23, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Middleville; 1870. Winans, P., Farmer, S. 36, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Nashville, 1845. Wing, Thomas, Farmer, S. 35, T. Assyria, P. 0. Bellevue, 1853. Wing, J. F., Farmer, S. 22, T. Irving, P. 0. North Irving, 1851. Wing, Myron, Farmer, S. 35, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1870. Wing, N., Farmer, S. 35, T. Barry, P. O. Hickory Corners, 1863. Winger, John, Farmer, S. 9, T. Yankee Springs, P. O. Bowens Mills, 1889. Winslow, J., Farmer, S. 36, T. Baltimore, P. O. 0. Lacey, 1873. Winslow, Geo. H., Farmer, S. 25, T. Barry, P. 0. Hickory Corners, 1878. Winslow, H. C., Dealer in Real Estate, Battle Creek. Wolcott, Daniel, Farmer, S. 10, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1856. Wolf, Enos, Farmer, S. 23, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Grove, 1856. Wolf, A. D., Farmer, S. 21, T. Maple Grove, P. 0. Maple Gro8ve, 1853. Wolf, J. B., Farmer, S. 3, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1882. Wolfe, Jacob, Farmer, S. 11, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1864. Wolfe, D. W., Farmer, S. 11, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1864. Wolfe, I. J., Farmer, S. 11, T. Irving, P. 0. Freeport, 1864. Wood, J., Farmer, S. 30, T. Woodland. P. O. Coats Grove, 1846. Wood, F., Farmer, S. 1, T. Hastings, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1873. Wood, Anson, Farmer, S. 1, T. Hastings, P. 0. Coats Grove, 1844. Wood, M., Farmer, S. 36, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1867. Wood, Lewis, Farmer, S. 24, T. Assyria, P. 0. Bellevue, 1862. Woodman, T. A., Farmer, S. 1, T. Orangeville, P. O. Prairieville, 1846. Woodmansee, G. P., Farmer, S. 35, T. Baltimnore, P. 0. Dowling, 1856. Woodmansee, A. J., Farmer, S. 35, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Dowling, 1861. Woodmansee. Dr. M. C., Physician & Surgeon, Hastings, 1874. Woodruff, J. C. Farmer, S. 15, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1875. Woodruff, I C., Farmer, S. 15, T. Baltimore, P. 0. Hastings, 1875. Woodruff, C. A., Farmer, S. 1, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1874. Wotring, J. 0L., Farmer, S. 11, T. Castletoil, P. 0. Nashville, 1866. Wrate, John, Farmer, S. 30, T. Assyria, P. 0. Bedford, 1889. Wright, E. S., Physician & Surgeon, Freeport, 1895. Wright, A. J., Physician, S. 22, T. Carlton, P. 0. Carlton Centre, 1863. Yarger, John, Dealer in Grain, Produce & Stock, Freeport, 1857. Yarger, Michael, Farmer & Stock, S. 9, T. Carlton, P. 0. Freeport, 1857. Yarger, Daniel, Farmer, S. 13, T. Carlton, P. O. Carlton Centre, 1855. Yarger, Daniel, Sr., Farmer, S. 10, T. Carlton. P.O. Carlton Centre, 1857. Yates, Joseph C., Farmer, S. 5, T. Rutland,. P. 0. Irving, 1892. Yecklev, L. A., Farmer, S. 23, T. Rutland, P. O. Hastings, 1855. Yeckley. S., Farmer, S. 23, T. Rutland, P. 0. Hastings, 1850. Young, J. H., Farmer, S. 34, T. Hastings, P. 0. Hastings, 1867. Young, J. L., Farmer, S. 10, T. Orangeville, P. 0. Prairieville, 1850. Young, J. A., Farmer, S. 3, T. Yankee Springs, P. 0. Middleville, 1849. Youngs, Chas., Farmer, S. 25, T. Carlton, P. 0. Hastings, 1858. Youngs, C E.:, Farmer, S. 18, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1863. Youngs, Mary; Farmer & Stock; S. 18, T. Hope, P. 0. Cloverdale, 1857. Zerbe, Jacob, Farmer & Stock, S. 8, T. Thornapple, P. O. Caledonia, 1887.

Page  83 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS COUNTY BUILDINGS, Hastings, Barry County, Mich. STATE CAPITOL, Lansing, Mich. Residence of MRS. H. E. LEHNNER, Hope Township. ST. JAMES HOTEL, Middleville, Mich. [FORMERLY JOHNSON HOUSEt J. N. Olmnstead, Proprietor.

Page  84 84 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS J. M. ELLIOTT, M. D., Barry Township. J. E. CAIRNS, ELI NICHOLS, Merchant, Of Cairnls & Brown, Dealers in General Merchandise, Orangeville, Mich. Prairieville, Mich. WEST PINE LAKE RESORT.-JOHN T. SHELP, Proprietor. Cottages, Tents and Boats for Rent. Tenting Privileges on Islands. Fine Sailing and Fishing. Prairieville Township, Barry County, Mich.

Page  85 C _____ _ BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS 85 S. M. KIDDER, MRS. S. M. KIDDER, Castleton Township. Castleton Township. JOHN YARGER, Freeport, Micl. WARREN FISHER, Prairieville Township. "THORNAPPLE LAKE RESORT."-L. P. COLE, Proprietor. Castleton Township, Barry County, Mich. - -------- - -

Page  86 86 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS MRS. SAMUEL ROUSH, SAMUEL ROUSH, Freeport. Freeport. WM. H. FORD, Prairieville Township. B. W. JOHNSON, Deceased. THE MISSSFARM RESIDENCE OF MYRON KILMER. Sti, Thpp Twsip. FARM RESIDENCE OF MtYRON KILMER.-Section 7, Thornapple Township. MRS. MYRON KILMER.

Page  87 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS 87 STEPHEN TEMPLE, GEORGE H. NELSON, Of the firm of Temple &Nelson, Ge 1 Merchants, Of the firm of Teple & Nelsno, Gen'l Merchants, Prairieville. Mich. Prairieville, Mich. MR. AND MRS. FRANK PRICE, Castleton Township. ALBERT NUTT AND FAMILY, Hope Township. JOHN WERT2 MRS. JOHN WERTZ. "MAPLE LEAF FARM." Residence of John Wertz, Section 2, Assyria Township.

Page  88 88 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS 88 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS RESIDENCE OF MYRON WING, Section 35, Barry Township. RESIDENCE AND MILL PROPERTY OF CHARLES F. PIKE, Section 8, Thornapple Township.

Page  89 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS 89 FROM L. E. HINCHMAN'S STABLES. "OAK PARK FARM." Residence of Mr. and Mrs. Lv. E. Hinchman, Section 4, Assyria Township.

Page  90 r I I _ _ _ I__ _ _ _ _ _ I _ _ I _ _ _ I_ _ __ _ C __ __ 90 BARRY COUNTY ILLUSTRATIONS ELMORE D. CLARK, (Supervisor) Barry Township. LEVI RUPE AND FAMILY, Baltimore Township. A. W. SHORTER, Prairieville Township. )U1- -UL|. F. A. BLACKMAN, Delton, Mich. I. X M',. it.. ( ILlxIL i- -I - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - C THE WORLD-S WEALTH, DEBT, MONEY, POPULATION,ETC. MR. AND MRS. MYRON WING, Barry Townshlip. - -- - - -- - ---- -- -

Page  I ~eSTTMT3~E S rV=1D S _UXZ~ TT tr==1Ss SVc'SPP:a:LE4E:2TN X., ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM N ----- OFo -H-E — W= i -' P to the time of the Revolutionary War, or until about the beginning of the present century, land, when parcelled out, and I c sold or granted, was described by "Metes and Bounds," and that system is still in existence in the following States, or in DIAGRAM. i~J those portions of them which had been sold or granted when the present plan of surveys was adopted, viz.: New York,. [l Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas, "l 5 '. —.ff and the six New England States. To describe land by "Metes and Bounds," is to have a known land-mark for a place of beginning,! '-0.,,,,s f I tLl and then follow a line according to the compass-needle (or magnetic bearing), or the course of a stream, or track of an ancient high- Ea R. a way. This plan has resulted in endless confusion and litigation, as land-marks decay and change, and it is a well-known fact that - itnesTre - I the compass-needle varies and does not always point due North..\ 4 ' - As an example of this plan of dividing lands, the following description of a farm laid out by "Metes and Bounds," is given: ' T " Beginning at a stone on the Bank of Doe River, at a point where the highway from A. to B. crosses said river (see point marked C. at ~ o on Diagram 1); thence 40~ North of West 100 rods to a large stump; thence 10~ North of West 90 rods; thence 15~ West of North 80 t I rods to an oak tree (see Witeess Tree on Diagram 1); thence due East 150 rods to the highway; thence following the course of the * c ad s. highway 50 rods due North; thence 5~ North of East 90 rods; thence 45~ East of South 60 rods; thence 10~ North of East 300 rods ]1 ~ J~. 8oo _, to the Doe River; thence following the course of the river Southwesterly to the place of beginning." This, which is a very simple E s.e.".... and moderate description by "Metes and Bounds," would leave the boundaries of the farm as shown in Diagram 1. 1 N tMERIDIAINS AND BASE IN2ES. g csgide r rLand Surveys was adopted by Con-.. ' gress on the 7th of May, A ever since and is the legal dividing lands. It io called the "Rectangular System," that is, all its distances and uH sIISSE bearings are measured from [,~ P Z3 4 two lines which are at right -,,,..>. angles to each other, viz.::. These two lines, from which - K the measurements are made, [ n are y the Principal Meridians, Tn wtablished, with great aSoN' " m racy, by astronomic oberJ -o ii 'r -vations. Each Principal Meridian has its Base Line, 5,5's'7 ' - / and these two linesie A E form the a ENnTEREDsurveys or mneasurenment of -I "j *all the lands within the ter' ritory which they control. ]Diagram 2 shows all of the I Prici ipalMeridians and Basei[ 4Lines in the central portion __ —f f, romn it the territory governed by each Meridian and N A L N., Base Line may be readily f[[ distinguished. Each Merid-1l FM 1 Sct an and Base Line is marked UV] with its proper number or - u -N Ltj][~ nane, as are also the StandT r VILLE ard Parallels ansd guide (or [ I n S JEFFOISN LJ SLL Eauxiliary) Meridians. f11 rl -is.meant when this mnethod m[ is termed the "Rectangular d -, -. System," and how the rneas_urements are based on lines which run at right angles to 35',, VI each other. The heavy line - running North and South T RR.I TOR a(marked A. A.) represents [l.. -. -_.the Principal Meridian, in this case saythe5thPrincipal ILlI.',+ 'e. / ~.- \ Meridian. The heavy line c rAT running East and West [_ I!15 C (marked B. B.) is the Base Line. These lines are used I 1!as the starting points or basis rA LAsNs AO4 *SLveys made in territory con- f s Meridiyan. The same fact /.applies to all other Principal Meridians and their Base Lineo. Cmencing su at the - i Princi6pal Meridian, at interUIE]S vals of six miles, lines are [qo ~runNorthandSouth, parallel.uel to the Meridian. This plan ET4ofWis followed both East and l iA West of the Meridian throughout the te itory W..........e.. controlled by the Meridian. EONTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS, IN THE YEAR 1rr S BY GEO a OGLE CO., IN THE O FFICE OF THE LBARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WAHINGTO n C

Page  II These lines are termed "Range Lines." They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending North and South, parallel with tile Meridian. -.[J] - Each division is called a Range. Ranges are numbered from one upward, commencing at the Meridian; and their numbers are indicated by Roman T.A a characters. For instance, the first division (or first six miles) west of the Meridian is Range I. West; the next is Range II. West; then comes Range III., DA.EL.AsT. 3 aos T IV., V., VI., VII., and so on, until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian is reached. In the same manner the Ranges East of the Meridialn.-Es VVt. '' n ~.?... }i are numbered, the words East or West being always used to indicate the direction from the Principal Meridian. 3ee Diagram 3. 13 L Commencing at the Base Line, at intervals of six miles, lines are run East and West parallel with the Base L —le. These are designated as Township s I - Lines. They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending East and West, parallel with the Base Line. This plan is followed both i [ North and South of the Base Line until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian and Base Line is reached. These divisions or Townships are. l 1. GIG numbered from one upward, both North and South of the Base Line, and their numbers are indicated by figures. For instance: The first six mile divisionl -- - -J l sNorth of the Base Line is Township 1 North; the next is Township 2 North; then comes Township 3, 4, 5, and 6, North, and so on. The samle plan is o io livo sF [ followed South of the Base Line; the Townships being designated as Township 1 South, Township 2 South, and so on. The "North" or " South" (the ~ I l initials N. or S. being generally used) indicates the direction from the Base Line. See Diagram 3. * — 111I These Township and Range Lines, crossing each other, as shown in Diagram 3, form squares, which are called "Townships" or " Government Townships," r v - I ij which are six miles square, or as nearly that as it is possible to make them. These Townships are a very important feature in locating or describing aL piece - 7 l 1 i [i of land. The location of a Government Township, showever, is very readily found when the number of the Tow.nship and Rsange is given, by merely - |A o] counl ting the number indicated from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. As an example of this, Township 8 North, Range 4, West of the 5th. Principal- -- Meridian, is at once located on the square marked * on Diagram 3, by counting eight tiers north of the Base Line and 4 tiers west of the Meridian. XI t s Jj TOWNSHIPS OF LAND. g m -... D l~l/ l lP4] If _ 1 ' iOWNSHIPS are the largest sub- I {- 1, T '" I, " - '. 1 f,1 ) ~ divisions of land run out by the,, IA.A. o 5. o. o o^.o 4sA..j United States Surveyors. In the ------------ -- -- 1 Governmental Surveys Township 7 Lines are the first to be run, and a Township 8 6 Tl Corner is established every six miles and 7_j __.marked. This is called "Tow.shipping." — s 78 Ri_ After the Township Corners have been care- 0 fullylocated,theSection asd Quarter Section | - Corners are established. Each Township is 82 R. 1 or 36 square miles, as near as it is possible to make them. This, however, is frequently made impossible by: (1st) the preso ence of lakes and large streams; (2nd) by State boundaries not falling exactly on Township Lines; (3rd) by the convergence of Meridians or curvature of the earth's surface; and (4th) bv inaccurate surveys. Each Township, unless it is one of the exceptional cases referred to, is divided into 36 squares, which are called Sections. These Sections are intended to be one mile, or 320 rods, square and contain 640 acres of land. Sections are numbered consecutively from 1 to 36, as shown on Diagram 4. Beginning with Section 1 in the Northeast Corner, they run West to i1 6, then East to 12, then West to 18, and so on, back and forth, until they end with Section 36 in the Southeast Corner. Diagram 4 shows a plat of a Township as it is divided and platted by the government surveyors. These Townships are called Government Townships or Congressional Townships, to distinguish them from j- Civil Townships or organized Townships, M as frequently the lines of organized Townships do not conform to the Government j Township lines. m 8 20 21R. -11 —'6. 8 R. | 60A. R 2.8 30 29 28 s o R. 22.s R. 130 _''~:_~ ] IL11fi SECTIONS OF LAND. — 3. 3 ISO. R -131 32 33 1X IAGRAM 5 illustrates how a section,o E /jl may be subdivided, although the || -A I Lo.- Diagram only gives a few of the f4. |_ many subdivisions into which a section may be divided. All Sections (except fractional Sections) are supposed to be 320 rods, or one mile, square and therefore contain 640 acres-a number easily divisible. Sections are subdivided into fractional parts to suit the convenience of the owners of the land. A half-section contains 320 acres; a quarter-section contains 160 acres; half of a quarter contains 80 acres, and quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, and so on. Each piece of land is described according to the portion of the section which it embraces-as the Northeast quarter of Section 10; or the Southeast quarter of the Southeast quarter of Section 10. Diagram 5 shows how many of these subdivisions are platted, and also shows the plan of designating and describing them by initial letters as each parcel of land on the Diagram is marked with its description. As has already been stated, all Sections (except Fractional Sections which are explained elsewhere) are supposed to contain 640 acres, and even though mistakes have been made in surveying, as is frequently the case, making sections larger or smaller than 640 acres, the Government recognizes no variation, but sells or grants each regular section as containing 640 acres "more or less." H The Government Surveyors are not required to subdivide sections by running lines within them, but they usually establish Quarter Posts on Section Lines on each side of a section at the points marked A. B. C. and D. on Diagram 5. After establishing Township corners, Section Lines are the next to be run, and section corners are established. When these are carefully DIAGRAM 5. located the Quarter Posts are located at points as __ nearly equidistant between Section Corners as \X -possible. These corners when established by Government Surveyors cannot be changed, even though it is conclusively shown that mistakes have been made which cause some sections or 0 N. E. 1/4 quarter sections to be either larger or smaller: than others. The laws, however, of all the O States provide certain rules for local surveyors <~ to follow in dividing Sections into smaller 1 A. parcels of land than has been outlined in the - A l 1N o e Governmental surveys. For instance, in dividco ing a quarter section into two parcels, the diste N. 1/o of S E. 1/4 ance between the Government Corners is care-.. fully measured and the new post is located at a 80 A. point equidistant between them. This plan is C N of sfollowed in running out "eighties," "forties," s... ofS. S. E.714 ("twenties," etc. In this way, if the Govern(20 A.) of S. E./4 ment division overruns or falls short, each FS LofS 14 portion gains or loses its proportion. This is (20A.) 40 A. not the case, however, with Fractional Sections SUTBDIVIDING A SECTION. along the North or West sides of a Township, H or adjoining a lake or large stream. V. \.,s a I1 t 1 i t:i 12 FRACTIONAL PIECES OF LAND. ^1 --—;; ----^ —rL1 G ^-ONGRESSIONAL Townships vary considerably as to size and boundaries. Mistakes made in e surveying and the s fact that Meridians converge as they run North cause every Township to vary i 15 14 more or less fromn the 23,040 acres which a ' perfect Township would contain. See I 4 Diagran 4. In arranging a Town,,hip into s Sections all the surplus or deficiency of land dfJ is given to, or taken from, the North and L West tiers of Sections. In other words, all Q Sections in tle Township are made full- I1I t. 640 acres-except those on the North and 2 2 v -201 23 at t.f14 24 West, which are given all the land that is 91% Al 9 4 left after forming the other 25 Sections. F IrMBE Diagram 4 illustrates how the srpilus or ] *T Ldeficiency is distributed and the Sections it affects. It will be seen that Sections 1, 2, Li 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 18, 19, 30 and 31, are- the b Li " Fractional Sections," or the Sections LtI which are affected if the Township overruns Fri 27 26 25 or falls short. Inside of these Fractional [f Sections, all of the surplus or deficiency of lM1 land (over or under 640 acres) is carried to the "forties" or " eighties" that touch the Township Line. These pieces of land are called "Fractional Forties" or "Fractional11 Eighties," as the case may be. Diagrams 4 and 6 show the manner of marking the 34 35 36 acreage and outlining the boundaries of 11 these "Fractions." Diagram 6 illustrates how the surplus or deficiency of land inside of these Sections is L distributed and which "forties"or "eighties" H it affects. Fromn tlis arrangement it will be1 seen that in any Section that touches the North or West Township Lines, the Southeast Quarter may n lt be full-160 acres-while another quarter of the e same Section may be much lInger or smaller. 1f Frequently these fractional "forties" or "eighties" are lotted as slown in Diagram 6. They are always described as fractional tracts of land, as the " fractional S. W. { of Section 6," etc. Of course those portions of these Sections which are not affected by these valiations are described in the usual manner-as Southeast I of Section 6. As a rule Townships ale nlarrower at the North than at lhe South side. The Meridians of Longitude (whiclh run North and South) convelge as they run North l and South from the Equator. They begin at the Equator wihl a definite width between them and n gradually converge until tley all meet at the poles. N ow, as the Ral ge lines are -ul North and South, I it will at once be seen that the convergence of Meridians will cause every Congressional Townselip (North of the Equator) to be narrower at its North than at its South side, as stated. See DiagraLm e 4. Int addition to this fact, mistakes of measurement are constantly and almost unavoidably made il running both Township and Range lines, and if no lew starting points were established the lines would DIAGRAM 6. J - become confused and unreliable, and R lj the size and shape of Townships LOT 4. LOT S. ILOT s. LOT 1. lmaterially affected by the time the a r surveys had extended even a hundred | | s5 ' 83; 80.5 milesfrom the Base Line and Princi- ' 62 AC. ACRES. ACRES. pal Meridian. In order to correct l1 the surveys and variations caused 53 R. _ LJ by the difference of latitude and LOT. straighten the lines, "Correction Standard Parallels) are established at ACRE. S. 1. frequent intervals, usually as follows: 58 R. 80 I Ile North of the Base Line a Correction 0 5ods. —. Line is run East and West parallel OT G. 160 RodS. with the Base Line, usually every. twenty-four miles. South of the 32 AC. Base Line a Correction Line is usually I a established every thirty miles. Both 64 R. 160 ACRES. East and West of the Principal LOT 7 6 1 Meridian "Correction Lines" are OI. usually established every 48 miles. 37 AC. All Correction Lines are located by 1 ods careful measurement, and the suc- 1 74 R. 80 Rods. 60 Rods. ceeding surveys.are based upon PLAT OP A FRACTIONlALT SECTION. them. E=5 f i fi=ise t =t 5 im41 1ti aa aa;El I L It rE t 17 1=1 ff =f a I F711- r m m m 1=1 __ i E _5;]_=i E —, Z; R =_t f =I- i I ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS, IN THE YEAR 1895, BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WASHINGTON, D. C.

Page  III SUPPLEMENT III. I I - DIG~IESC OF0 TliEF SYS0FIZN4 OF' CIVI GOVE DIGEST OF TH-E SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, \VITH A REVIEW OF THE DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE PRINCIPAL OFFICIALS CONNECTED WITH THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF NATIONAL, STATE, COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT. T HE GOVERNMENT of the United States is one of limited and specific powers, strictly outlinendand defined by a written constitution. The constitution was adopted in 1787, and, with the amendments that have since been made, it for ththe basis of the entire fabric of government under which we live. The constitution created three distinct branches of government, each of which is entirely separate and distinct from the others. They are the executive, legislative and judicial departments. The constitution specifically vests the executive power in the President, but all members of the cabinet are usually classed with the executive department; the legislative power is held by Congress, and the judicial authority is vested in the Supreme Court anid various other courts which Congress has provided for in pursuance of the provisions of the constitution. It has been the aim of these pages to explain each of these different branches of government, and to briefly review the duties and powers of the principal officials connected with each department. The President and Vice-president are elected by popular vote, but the vote of each State is separate, so that a candidate may have a large majority of the aggregate popular vote of the country and yet fail to be elected. The Presidential election is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, when Presidential electors are chosen in and for the various States, each State having as many electors as it has representatives in both branches of Congress. The electors are chosen by the ballots of the people of their States, and all the electors of a State constitute an electoral college. The electors meet in each State at the capital on the first Wednesday in December following a National election and vote for President and Vice-President, certificates of which are forwarded to the President of the Senate, at Washington, who, on the second Wednesday in February opens the certificates and counts the votes in the presence of both Houses of Congress and declares the result; and the final step ththe inauguration, which takes place on the 4th of March. The law provides that if neither of the candidates have a majority then the House of Representatives shall elect a President from the three candidates receiving the highest electoral vote. In elections of this kind each State is entitled to only one vote, and two-thirds of the States form a quorum. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. The President is the highest executive officer of the United States. He is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $50,000. per annum. He must be thirty-five years old or more, and a native-born citizen of the United States. The President is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of laws passed by Congress and has supervision over all executive departments of the government. He appoints a Cabinet of eight officials who become the heads of the various departments, and these departments are intended to be managed and conducted as the President directs. The President is Commander-inChief of the Army and Navy. He has power to grant pardons and reprieves for aill offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment; has power, with the advice and consent of the Sellate, to make treaties. He nominates, and with the advise and consent of tile Senate, appoints Ambassadors and other public Ministers and Consuls, all Judges of the United States courts, and all other executive officers of the United States, except in such cases where the appointments may be vested in the various "departments." When the Senate is not in session le can appoint, subject to its action when it reassembles. He has power, in certain extraordinary occasions, to call together both Houses of Congress, or either of them, in extra session; and is required from time to time to communicate with'Congress, as to the state of the Union, and offer such suggestions or recommendations as he may deem proper. He is empowered to approve or veto all measures adopted bS Congress, but it is provided that any measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of Congress. The President consults frequently with his Cabinet, and nearly all important official matters are discussed by that body. In case the office of President becomes vacant through the death, removal or resignation of the incumbent, the law provides that the office shall in turn be filled by the Vice-President, Secretary of State, and other Cabinet oMinisters in regular order. VICE PIEESIDENT. The Vice-President of the United States is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of$Io,ooo. In case of the death, removal or resignation of the President, the Vice-President succeeds him. The chief duty of the Vice-President is to act as the presiding officer of the Senate. He has no vote in the Senate, except in cases of a tie, or an equal division of the members of that body. The Vice-President administers the oath of office to the Senators. STATE DE PART]I ENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of State, who is-appointed by the President as a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,ooo per year. The law provides that in case the office of President becomes vacant, through the death, removal or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the Secretary of State assumes the duties of the Presidency. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official Secretary of the President, and countersigns all commissions issued by the President. The Secretary of State is the head of the Department of State and is the chief diplomatic officer of the United States. In his department and under his supervision is conducted the public business relating to foreign affairs; to correspondence, commissisons or instructions to or with public Ministers from the United States; or to negotiations with Ministers from foreign States; or to memorials or other applications from foreigners, or foreign public Ministers, or citizens of this country in foreign lands, or complications arisingtherefrom. The Secretary of State also has charge of all other business connected with foreign affairs, extradition matters and diplomatic officers; furnishing passports to vessels going to foreign countries, etc., and has charge of the Great Seal of the United States. Connected with the Department of State and forming a part of it in the great work of performing and caring for the duties outlined are the following bureaus: The Diplomatic Bureau, which looks after the affairs pertaining to foreign governments. The Consular Bureau, correspondence with consulates. The Bureau of Indexes and Archives, the duties of which are to open the official mails, prepare an abstract of the daily correspondence and an index of it, and superintend miscellaneous work of department. The Bureau of Accounts, in which all of the finances of the department are looked after, such as the custody and disbursement of appropriations; also indemnity funds and bonds; also care of the building and property of the department, etc. The Bureau of Rolls and Library, which is charged with the custody of treaties, rolls, public documents, etc.; has care of revolutionary archives, of international commissions, superintendence of library, etc. The Bureau of Statistics, for the preparation of reports on commercial relations. The chiefs of all of these bureaus receive $2,100 per year. In addition to these there are connected with the State Department the offices of translator, at $2,100 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; second assistant secretary, $3,500; third assistant secretary, $3,500; solicitor, $3,500; chief clerk, $2,750; clerk to Secretary of State, $2,000; passport clerk, $1,400. Besides these there are the various comptrollers, auditors, clerks and assistants, which number well up into the thousands. TREASURY DEPARTMElENT. This department was organized in 1789. The head of this department, known as the Secretary of the Treasury, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The Treasury Department is one of the most important branches of the national government, as it has charge of the financial affairs of the government, custody of public funds, collection of revenue and maintenance of public credit. Among the many important duties devolving upon this department arethefollowing: It attends tothe colIection of all internal revenues and duties on imports, and the prevention of frauds in these departments. All claims and demands, either by the United States or against them, and all the accounts in which the United States are interested, either as debtors or creditors, must be settled and adjusted in the Treasury Department. This department also includes the Bureau of the Mint, in which the government coin and moneys are manufactured. The Treasury Department authorizes the organization of national banks and has supervision over them; has charge of the coast surveys, the lighthouses, marine hospitals, etc. It has charge of all moneys belonging to the United States; designates depositories of public moneys, keeps a complete and accurate system of accounting, showing the receipts and disbursements of the Treasury, and makes reports at stated intervals showing the condition of public finances, public expenditures and the public debt. There are a great many very important officials connected with the Treasury Department, chief among which are the following, viz.: Private secretary of the head of the department, at $2,400 per year; three assistant secretaries, at $4,500 each; chief clerk, $3,000; chief of appointment division, $2,750; chief of warrants division, $2,750; chief of public money- division, $2,500; chief of customs division, $2,700; acting chief of reenue marine division, $2,500; chief of stationery division,. $2,500; chief of loans and currency division, $2,500; chief of miscellaneous division, $2,500; supervising special agent, 8 per day; government actuary, $1,800; supervising architect, $4,500; steamboat inspector, $3,500; chief Bureau of Statistics, $3,000; life saving service superintendent, $4,000; assistant, $2,500; commissioner Bureau of Navigation, $3,600; superintendent United States coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; supervising surgeon-gerieral marine hospital service, $4,000; Bureau of Engraving and Printing, chief, $4,500; assistant chief,$2,250; superintendent engraving division, $3,600. The foregoing will serve to show many of the lines of work attended to in the Treasury Department, as the names of these offices explain the branch of work they are charged with attending to. There are a number of other important offices in the department that should be mentioned, among them being the following: The Solicitor of the Treasury, or chief attorney, who receives $4,500 per year for attending to the legal matters connected with the department. The Commissioner of Customs, who receives $4,000 per year and his deputy $,220, has charge of all accounts of the revenue from customs and disbursements, and for the building and repairing of custom houses. The Treasurer of the United States receives $6,000 per year, assistant treasurer 83,600, and superintendent of national banks (Red. Div.) $3,500. The Treasurer receives and keeps the government funds, either at headquarters or in the Sub-Treasuries or government depositories, paying it out upon warrants drawn in accordance with the law, and pays all interest on the national debt. The Register of the Treasury is paid a salary of $4,000 per year-, and his assistant $2,250. The Register keeps the accounts of public expenditures and receipts; receives the returns and makes out the official statements of United States commerce and navigation; receives from first comnptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers acted on by them and files the same. The Comptroller of the C —rrency receives $5,000 per year and his deputy $2,8i0. This bureau is charged with a general supervision of the national banks and matters connected with the issuing of paper money. The Director of the Mint receives $4,500 per annum, aond is charged with a general supervision over all the coinage of the governComptrollers. The first and second comptrollers are paid a salary of $,000 per year, and each of their deputies receive $2,700. The first comptroller revises and certifies the accounts of the civil and diplomatic service and public lands. The second comptroller revises and certifies the accounts of the army and nav anrd of the Pension and Indian Bureaus. Auditors. There are six auditors connected with the Treasury Department, each of whom receives a salary of 03,600 per year, and is allowed a deputy at a salary of $2,250 per annum. No one auditor tak s rank over another. The first auditor receives and adjusts the accounts of the revenue and disbursemenots, appropriations and expenditures on account of the civil list and under special acts of Congress, reporting the balances to the commissioners of the customs and first comptroller respectively for their decision. The second auditor devotes most of his attention to army affairs; looks after all the accounts relating to the pay, clothing and recruiting of the army; the arsenals, armories and ordnance; all accounts relatingo 0 Ina Dpto; pori to the Indian Department; reporting to te second comptroller. The third auditor has all accounts for sustenance of the army, military academy, military roads, fortifications, quartermaster's department, certain pensions,. claims arising for military service previous to 1817; for all property lost in the military service; he reports also o the second comptroller. The fourth auditor also reports to the second comptroller, and attends to all accounts of the service connected with the navy. The fifth auditor reports to the first comptroller, and adjusts all accounts connected with the diplomatic service of the Department of State. The sixth auditor adjusts all accounts growng from the service of the Post Office Department. WAR DEPARTMlENT. The War Department was organized in August, 1789. The head of this department is known as the Secretary of War; is appointed by the President, and receives a salaryof $8,000 per annuo. The War Department attends to the execution of all laws affecting the Regular Army, and carries out and performs such duties as may be provided for by law or directed by the Poesident relative to military forces, military commissions and the warlike stores of the United States. In former years this department also had charge of Indian as well as military affairs, but this has been transferred to the Department of the Interior. The War Department is also required, among other duties, to maintain the signal service and provide for taking meteorological observations at v irious points on the continent, and give telegraphic notice of the RNINMENT. approach of storms. There is also maintained a Civil Engineering Department, through the aid of which is car-ied out such improvements in rivers and harbors as may be authorized by Congress. The Secretary of War also has supervision over the West Point Military Academy. The private clerk for the head of the War- Department is paid $2,000 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; chief clerk, $2,750. The most of the subordinates and assistants in the War Department, except those mentioned, are officers of the Regular Army, who are paid salaries and perquisites. The Commanding General comes next to the Secretary, and receives a salary of $7,500 per year. He looks after the arrangement of military forces, superintends the recruiting service and discipline of the army, orders courts-martial, and in a general sense is charged with seeing to the enforcement ofthe laws and regulations of the army. The AdjutantGeneral keeps the rolIs and the orders issued. The QuartermasterGeneral has charge of the barracks and the supplies, etc., that may be required for the army. The Commissary-General is head of the Subsistence Department, and has supervision over the purchasing and issuing army rations. The Judge Advocate General is the head of the department of military justice. The Surgeon General, as the name implies, looks after the affairs of the army relating to sick,wounded, hospital, etc. The Paymaster-General is the disbursing officer for the money required by the department. There is also the Ordnance office, controlling ordnance store,o arsenals, armories, the manufacture of arms, etc. The Topographical office has charge of all plats and drawings of all surveys made "or military purposes. Besides these there are the Inspector-General' Department and departments devoted to war records, publications, _,c. In this connection it may be of interest to the general reader to refer briefly to a few facts concerning the Regular Army. The United States is divided for this purpose into a number of military districts. The head of each department receives his general instructions and orders from headquarters. The term of service in the Regular Army is five years. The pay of private soldiers at the start is $13 per month and rations, and this is increased according to time of service, being $21 per month and rations after twenty years' service. The pay of the officers is proportioned to their rank. Colonels receive $4,500 per year; brigadier generals, $5,500; and major generals, $7,500. NAVY DO EPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of the Navy, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. This department is charged with the duty of attending to the construction, armament, equipment and employment of vessels of war, as well as all other matters connected with naval affairs, and appropriations made therefor by Congress. The Secretary of the Navy has direct control of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland; issues orders to the commanders of the various squadrons; has general authority over the Marine Corps; and has control of all the several bureaus of the Navy Department. There are a number of bureaus organized in the Navy Department for the purpose of more thoroughly handling the work, among the most important of which may be mentioned the following: Bureau of Steam Engineering; Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; Bureau of Navigation; Bureau of Provisions and Clothing; Bureau of Yards and Docks; Bureau of Ordnance; Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting; Bureau of Construction and Repair. Attached to this department are also officials or bureaus to attend to the following matters: Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C.; Museum of Hygiene; Naval Dispensary; Board of Inspection and Survey; Navy Supplies and Accounts; Naval Observatory; Hydrographic Office; Library and War Records; Naval Intelligence; Nautical Almanac, etc. Rear-admirals in the Navy are paid $6,00 per year; commodores, $5,000; captains, $4,500; lieutenant-commanders, $3,000; medical directors (rank of captains), $4,400; medical inspectors (rank of commanders), $4,400; pay directors (rank of captains), $4,400; pay inspectors (rank of commanders), $4,400, In the Engineer Corps the chief engineers are also paid $4,400 per year. POST OFFICE DDEPARTMIENT. This is one of the nost important branches of the National Government. Its head is the Postmaster-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The Post Office Department has supervision over the execution of all laws passed by Congress affecting the postal service, and has general supervision over everything relating to the gathering, carrying and distribution of United States mails; superintends the distribution and disposal of all moneys belonging to, or appropriated for, the department; and the instruction of and supervision over all persons in the postal service, with reference to their duties. In providing for handling the general work of the Post Office Department it has been found necessary to create four bureaus, or offices, as they are termed, each of which is presided over by an assistant postmaster-general, who each receive 84,000 per annum; are all subject to the direction and supervision of the head of the department. A review of these various bureaus and their principal officials,.vi.'. the name of the office, will show very clearly the work handled by each. The first assistant postmaster-general is allowed a chief clerk at $2,000 peryear; superintendent of post office supplies, $2,000; superintendent free delivery division. $3,000; chief divisi on of salaries and allowances, $2.200; superintendent money order system, $3,500; superintendent Dead Letter Office, $2,500; chief division of correspondence, $1,800. The second assistant postmaster-general has charge of a number of divisions indicated by the following officials who are under his control: superintendent of railway adjustments, at $2,000 per year; chief of inspection division, $2,000; chief of mail equipment division, $1,800; general superintendent railway mail service, $3,500; superintendent foreigon tails, $3,000. The third assistant postmaster-general has charge of the postage stamp division and the finance division. The chi.f of the former receives $2,550 per annum, and of the latter $2,000 per year. The fourth assistant postmaster-general has control of a number of divisions, as indicated by the following officials who are under his supervision, viz.: Chief of the division of appointments, who is paid $2,000 per annum; chief of the division of bonds and commissions, $2,000; chief post office inspector, $3,000; and the division of mail depredations. Besides the various chiefs of divisions mentioned above there are connected with the Post Office Department a laws clerk, at $2,500 per year; appointment clerk, at $1,800; assistant attorney-general, $4,000; superintendent and disbursing clerk, $2,100; and a topographer, at $2,500 per annum. DEPART-lENT OF THE INTERIOR. The Interior Department is under the immediate control of the Secretary of the Interior. He is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per year. In this department, as the name implies, is conducted most of the public business relating to domestic or internal affairs, and, like most of the other executive departments, it is divided into a number h Setyof subdivisions and branches. The Secretary of the Interior is charged with a general supervision over public business connected with the following branches, viz.: 1st. The census of the United States. 2d. All matters connected with public lands. 3d. Everything relating to the Indians or Indian affairs. 4th. All matters concerning pensions or bounty lands. 5th. The issuance and filing of patents and caveats. 6th. The custody and distribution of publications. 7th. The compilation of statistics relating to educational matters in the various States. = J - - --- __ ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR A. D. 1895, BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WASHINGTON, D. C.

Page  IV SUPPLEMENT IV.. B... -. F DIGEST OF' TIHE SYS'IEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENrT. - He also has oversight over several of the Government's charitable and benevolent institutions. For the purpose of handling properly the business connected with most of the subjects mentioned, there are bureaus organized for the purpose. The salaries paid to the principal officials connected with the Interior Department are as follows: First assistant secretary of the interior, $4,500 per year; assistant secretary, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,750; assistant attorney-general (Dept. of Interior), $5,000; commissioner of the General Land Office, $5,000; commissioner of Indian affairs, $4,000; superintendent of Indian schools, $3,000; commissioner of the Pension Office, $5,000; medical referee, $3,000; commissioner of railroads, $4,500; commissioner of the Patent Office, $5,000; commissioner of the Education Office, $3,000; director of geological surveys, $6,000; superintendent of the Census Office, $6,000. DEPARTWMEN T O AGRV ICULTUTRE. This department was formerly connected with the Interior Department, but in 1889 it was reorganized and made independent, and the Secretary ofAgriculture was made a rember oftheCabinet. Thehead of this department is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The general duty and design of the Department of Agriculture is to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. The following is a list of the chief officials connected with the Department of Agriculture and their salaries, and the list will also serve to indicate the various lines of work handled by and the various duties which devolve upon the department, viz.: Assistant secretary of agriculture receives $4,500 per annum; chief of Weather Bureau, $4,500; chief of Bureau of Animal Industry, $3,000; statistician, $2,500; chemist, $2,500; entomologist, $2,500; botanist, $2,500; ornithologist, $2,500; chief of forestry division, $2,000; pomologist, $2,500; chief of vegetable pathology division, $2,000, microscopist, $2,500; director of office of experimental stations, $25,000; chief division of accounts, $2,500; chief of division of records and editing, $2,500; chief of division of illustrations and engravings, $2,000; horticulturist, $2,500. DEPARTMIENT OF1 JUSTICE, The head of the Department of Justice is the Attorney-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The principal assistant of the Attorney-General is the SolicitorGeneral, who receives $7,000 per year. There are a number of assistant attorney-generals who receive $5,000 per annum, and a special assistant attorney-general is appointed for nearly all of the various departments, including the Treasury, State, Post Office and Interior Departments. Besides these there are a number of special officials connected with the Department of Justice, such as examiner of titles, who receives $2,750 per annum; superintendent of buildings, $2,500; appointment and disbursing clerk, $2,000, and attorney in charge of pardons, $2,400. The Attorney-General is the legal adviser of the President, and it is the duty of the Department of Justice to give all opinions and render all services requiring the skill of persons learned in the law necessary to enable the President and other officers of the various Government departments to discharge their respective duties. This department is also required to prosecute or defend all suits or proceedings in which the United States is interested. The Attorney-General has general supervision over all the solicitors for the various departments; and also exercises general superintendence and direction over all United States marshals and United States district attorneys of all the districts of the United States and Territories. INDEPENDENT DEPA1RTMIENTS. There are several indpdependent departments, which, although none of them are as important as the foregoing, and their heads are not Cabinet members, yet they form a very necessary part and attend to very important branches of the National Government. Government Printing Office. The head of this branch of public work is the Public Printer, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $4,500 per year. His chief clerk is paid $2,400 per year, and there is a foreman of printing and a foreman of binding, each of whom receive $2,100 per annum. Civil Service Commission. This commission consists of three commissioners, each of whom are paid $3,500 per year. The chief examiner connected with the commission is paid $3,000 per annum, and the secretary $2,000. Interstate Commerce Commission. This commission was created for the purpose, and charged with the duty, of seeing that the laws regulating interstate commerce were faithfully executed and observed, and to prevent unjust discrimination on the part of railway corporations and common carriers. The ototcommission consists of five commissioners appointed from different sections of the United States, each of whom receives a salary of $7,500 per year. The secretary of the commission receives a salary of $3,500 per annum. Department of Labor. The general design of this department is to collect, assort and systematize statistical details relating to the different branches of labor in the United States. The head of this department is known as the Commissioner of the Department of Labor, and he is paid a salary of $5,000 per annum. His chief clerk receives $2,500 per year, and disbursing clerk $1,800. JUDICIARY. The judicial powers of the United States are vested in the followingnamed courts, viz.: The United States Supreme Court, consisting of one chief justice and eight associate justices; the United States Court of Claims, which consists of one chief justice and four judges; the United States Circuit Court of Appeals; and the United States Circuit and District Courts. All judges of United States Courts are appointed for life, or during "good behavior." The chief justice of the United States Supreme Court receives a salary of $10,500 per annum, and the associate justices $10,000 each. The circuit judges receive a salary of $6,000 each per annum, district judges $5,000, and judges of the Court of Claims $4,500 each per year. The jurisdiction of the United States Courts extends to all cases in law and in equity arising under the Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States; between a State and a citizen of another State; between citiz ens of different States; between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State is a party the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction. In the other cases the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction ard of weights and measures; to declare war; to raise and support ernor should devolve upon him, he shall during the continuance of such armies (but it is provided that no appropriation for this purpose can be emergency be entitled to the emoluments thereof. The principal duty for a longer period than for two years); to provide and maintain a navy; of the Lieutenant-Governor is to act as the presiding officer of the State to grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning capt-Senate or Upper House of the State Legislature. In case a vacancy ures on land and water; to make rules for the gov ernm en t and regula- should occur in the office of Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor would tion of the land and naval forces; to establish postoffices and post-roads; act as Governor until such vacancy was filled by election; and in all to promote the progress of science and the useful arts by securing for cases where the Lieutenant-Governor is unable to act as presiding officer limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their re- of the Senate, a President pro femfiore is chosen by that body. The spective writings and discoveries; to constitute tribunals inferior to the Lieutenant-Governor has no vote in the Senate except in cases of a tie Supreme Court; to define and punish piracies and felonies committed or equal division of the members. on the high seas and offenses against the law of nations; to exercise exclusive legislation over the District of Columbia and places purchased SECRETARY OF STATE. for forts, magazines, arsenals, etc.; and further to make all laws necessary for the general welfare of the United States, and for "carrying into The office of Secretary of State is one of the most important offices execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Con- within the gift of the people of a State, and the office exists under this stitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department name in every State in the Union. The Secretary of State may be said or officerthereof." The Consuttution expresslyforbids Congress making to be the official secretary of the Governor, and countersigns all comany law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the missions issued by the chief executive, and he is the custodian of the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the Great Seal of the State. As a rule it is the duty of the Secretary of press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition State to call the House of Representatives to order and preside until a the Government for a redress of grievances. Congress cannot suspend temporary presiding officer, or Speaker, is elected. It is his duty to see the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus except in cases of rebellion or that halls are prepared for the Legislature or General Assembly; he invasion when the public safety may require it. No bill of attainder or prepares the legislative manual and causes it to be printed and disex post facto law can be passed. No tax or duty can be laid on articles tributed; secures the printing and distribution of the State laws; indexes exported from any State. No preference can be given by any regula- d files executive documents; provides and distributes election blanks; tion of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of has charge of all books, bills, papers, etc., of the Legislature, and is another. No title of nobility can be granted. Every law passed by practically "keeper of all public acts, laws, records, bonds, etc." The Congress must be submitted to the President for his approval. If he Secretary of State is required to keep a register of all the official acts of returns it with his objections, or vetoes it, the measure may be passed the Governor, and affixes the Seal of the State to all official commissions. over his veto by a two-thirds vote of both branches of Congress. etc., keeps a record of them, and is obliged to give any person a copy of The Senate, or the " Upper House of Congress," is composed of two the same when demanded. In all of the States the Secretary of State is Senators from each State in the Union. They are elected by the Legisla- ex-officio member of a number of the official State boards, but no list of tures of their respective States, for the term of six years, and receive a these could be given that would apply to all States, as they are different salary of $5,000 per annum. No person can be elected to the United in the various States. States Senate who has not attained the age of thirty years, been nine years a citizen of the United States, and is when elected an inhabitant STATE AUDITOR. of the State from which he is chosen. The Senate has sole power to try all impeachments. Its consent and confirmation is necessary for all The office of Auditor of State exists under one name or another in important officers appointed by the President. Its consent is also nec-.early every State in the Union. The title of this office, however, is not essary to conclude any treaty. alike in all the States, as in many of them, notably California, ConnectiThe House of Representatives is the "Lower House of Congress." cut, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, South Each State in the Union is divided into congressional districts, of as Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and a few others, it is known as State nearly equal population as is practicable. In each district a represent- Comptroller. In a few of the States, including Michigan and Pennsylative is elected by the people for a term of two years, and each is paid vania, the office is called Auditor-General, and in two of the States the a salary of $5,000 per year. Besides these, a delegate from each organ- public accounts are audited by a Board of Auditors. In all the States, ized Territory is admitted to the House of Representatives, who is not however, the duties that devolve upon this branch of the State governentitled to vote, but has the right to debate on all subjects in which the ment are practically the same, and a general explanation of the scope of Territory which he represents has an interest. No person can be a rep- work handled by the State Auditor in one State will apply, except as resentative who has not attained the age of twenty-five years, been for regards minor details, to all of the States. It is the duty of the State seven years a citizen of the United States, and is at the time of his Auditor to keep the accounts of the State with any other State or Terrielection an inhabitant of the State from which he is chosen. All bills tory, and with the United States and all public officers, corporations and for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatives. individuals having accounts with his State. He audits the accounts of STATE GOVERNMENT. T HE method of State government throughout the United States follows very closely the general plan of government that prevails in national affairs. The various functions of government in State affairs are handled in departments, with a State officer at the head of each branch, and the lines are clearly drawn between the executive, legislative and judicial powers. All the States are governed under a constitution, which outlines and defines the powers which each of these departments shall exercise and possess. All of the most important State officials are elected by the people, but in many of the States the less important offices are filled by appointment of the Governor, by and with the consent of the State Senate. GOU VE:RNOR. The Governor is the highest executive officer in all the States of the Union, and is elected by a direct vote of the people. The term of office varies materially in the different States, ranging from two to six years. As to the matter of salary that the Governor receives, it also differs widely throughout the different States and is subject to frequent change. At the present writing two States New York and Pennsylvania-pay their Governors $10,000 per year; Illinois and California both pay $6,000 per annum; Minnesota, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, Virginia and Wisconsin all pay $5,000 per year; Maryland pays $4,500; Michigan, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee and Texas pay $4,000, Florida and Arkansas pay $3,500; Alabama, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas and North Carolina all pay $3,000; West Virginia, $2,700; Montana and Washington, $2,600; the Dakotas and Nebraska, $2,500; Connecticut, Delaware and Maine, $2,000; Oregon, $1,500, and New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont $1,000. About the only statement concerning the qualifications required for this office that would be common to all the States is that he must be a citizen of the State in which he is elected. In most of the States, in addition to the salary named, the Governor is furnished with a residence, which is known as the " Executive Mansion." The powers and duties that devolve upon the Governor are about the same in all of the States. He is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of the laws, and is the legal custodian of all the property of the State not specifically entrusted to other officers by law, and is authorized to take summary possession of such property. He is expected to communicate by message to each session of the State legislature such information or recommendations regarding State affairs as he may deem necessary and proper, and he is empowered to call extra sessions of that body whenever the public welfare may demand. He accounts to the same body for all moneys received and paid out, and presents estimates of amounts to be raised by taxation for various purposes. He has a negative (or veto) upon all laws passedby the Legislature, but it is provided that measures may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of that body. The Governor is commander-in-chief of the State military or naval forces, and has authority to call out such forces to preserve peace and execute the laws when the local authorities are unable to accomplish this. He may require the opinion of the various State officers upon anysubjectrelatingto theirrespectiveoffices, and examines and approves the bonds of State officials. In many States the Governor has power to grant reprieves and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses against the State except in cases of impeachment; but in a few of the States the pardoning power is vested ina board selectedobocdetd for that purpose, of which the Governor is generally ex-officio a member. The Governor has the appointment of a number of State officers, and in many cases if al elective office becomes vacant he has power to fill it by appointment; has power in many States to suspend a State officer, or even a county officer, pending a legal investigation. The Governor issues requisitions upon the executives of other States for parties charged with crime who escape to other States, and he has power to issue warrants for fleeing criminals upon requisition of other Governors. all public officers who are to be paid out of the State Treasury, and all persons who are authorized to receive money out of the State Treasury. In fact, all claims against the State which are to be paid out of the State Treasury must be presented to the Auditor, who, after the same is adjusted, issues warrants therefor payable at the Treasury. A complete record of each warrant is kept by the Auditor, who also keeps an account with the State Treasurer, charging him with all moneys paid into the Treasury, and giving credit for all warrants paid, and the books and voucothers of the Treasury must balance therewith, as settlements are made between these two officers at stated intervals. In a number of the States the Auditor is charged with a general supervision over certain corporations, such as insurance and banking corporations and building and loan associations, and in some States is ex-ofc'o a member of a number of State boards. He generally has authority to make and execute satisfactions of judgments and assignments thereof in behalf of the State. STATE TREASURER. This is one of the most important executive offices in the gift of the people of a State. The State Treasurer handles vast sums of the people's money, and as a rule a very heavybond, ranging from $5000,000 up into the millions, is required of him; and generally the Governor is empowered to demand additional bonds if he deems the bond insufficient to fully protect the State. The duties of the State Treasurer are implied by the title of the office, and they are very much the same throughout all of the States of the Union. The State Treasurer is custodian of all the State funds. He deposits these funds in banks, which give bonds to secure the Treasurer or State against loss, and which pay interest on daily balances. The Treasurer pays out State funds only on warrants issued or signed by the State Auditor, or other proper official, and a full record of all warrants is kept in both the auditing office and Treasurer's office. The plan by which the Treasurer receives the revenues of the State is different in different States. In some States the Auditor issues an order for him to receive the same and charges the amount against the Treasury. In others he is charged with all moneys which he is entitled to receive, and then given credit for delinquencies. In still other States the Treasurer issues duplicate receipts for all moneys paid in, which must be countersigned by the Auditor to be valid, and one of these must be deposited with the Auditor, so he may charge the amount against the Treasurer. In this way a double system is carried on-both Auditor and Treasurer keeping a full account of all moneys received and paid out, and their books and accounts must balance, as at stated intervals the Treasurer must make settlements with the Auditor and submit books, vouchers, etc., to the Legislature. In most of the States the State Treasurer is required to publish at stated times, in the newspapers at the capital, an itemized statement of the public accounts, expenditures, funds, receipts and disbursements. He is also required to make a complete report and itemized statement to each session of the Legislature. In nearly all of the States the law is very explicit in outlining the duties of the State Treasurer, the followin g being very common provisions in relation to the office, viz.: That a complete record of all moneys must be kept, showing what is received or paid out of the various "funds," which "funds" must be exhibited in separate accounts. In several of the States the Governor and one or two other State officials constitute a board, which must at certain times examine and check up the accounts, books and vouchers of the State Treasurer and ascertain the amount of funds in the Treasury. ATTORNEY-GENERAL, The Attorney-General, as the name implies, is the general legal counsel or lawyer for the various branches of the State government. In all of the States the powers and duties of the Attorney-General are very similar. It is his duty to appear for the State in all actions and proceedings in the Supreme Court in which the State has an interest; to institute and prosecute in all courts all actions, either for or against a State officer, in which the State has an interest; to consult with and advise the various county or state's attorneys in matters relating to their official duties, and when public interest requires he assists them in criminal prosecutions. It is his duty to consult with and advise the Governor and other State officers, and give, when requested, written opinions on legal or constitutional questions relating to their official duties, and to give written opinions when requested by the Legislature or any committee thereof. It is also his duty to prepare, when necessary, drafts for contracts or other writings relating to subjects in which the State is interested. He is required to enforce the proper application of funds appropriated to the various State institutions, and prosecute breaches of trust in the administration of the same; and when I / I LEGISLATIVE DEEPART~IENT. I The legislative powers of the United States are vested in a Con- LIEUTENANUAGOTEE NOB. gress, which consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and which meets annually at Washington on the first Monday of December. The office of Lieutenant-Governor does not exist in all of the States The constitution gives to Congress the following general powers: To in the Union, at least not under this name, as in a few of the States this lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises; pay the debts of the officer is only known as the President of the State Senate. In some of United States; borrow money on the credit of the United States; to reg- the States the Lieutenant-Governor is paid a certain amount per day ulate commerce; to establish uniform laws on naturalization and bank- during sessions of the Legislature or General Assembly, and in others ruptcy; to coin money and regulate the value thereof; fix the stand- he is allowed a fixed salary, but it is provided that if the duties of Gov - - ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR A. D. 1895, BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WASHINGTON, D. C.

Page  V SUPPLEMENT V. DIGEI&ST < necessary prosecute corporations for failure or refusal to comply tith the laws; to prosecute official bonds of delinquent officers or corporations sn which the State has an interest. The Attorney-General is required to keep a record of all actions, complaints, opinions, etc. STATE SUiPEBRITE1NDENT OB SUPEIRNlTEN: DENT OF PUB^sIC 1IrS UClTOwIV. This is an office which exists in nearly every State in the Union. In three or four of the States the management of the educational interests of the State is vested in a State Board of Education, but in these cases the secretary of the board assumes mof thead sss st f the detail work that in most of the States devolve upon the State Superintendent. The full title given to this office is not the same in all of the States, but it is generally called "State Superintendent of Public Instruction or Public Schools." In Ohio, Maine and Rhode Island, and a few others, the office is termed "Commissioner of Schools." The duties of the State Superintendent are very much alike in all of the States, as he is charged with a general supervision over the educational interests of the State and of the public schools. In many States his authority is sot limited to the public schools, and he is authorized by law to demand full reports from all colleges, academies or private schools. It is his duty to secure at regular intervals reports from all public educational institutions and file all papers, reports and documsents transmitted to him by local or county school officers. He is the general adviser and assistant of the various county superintendents or school officers, to whom he must give, when requested, his written opinion upon questions arising under the school law. It is also his duty to hear and determine controversies arising under the school laws cossig to him by appeal from a county superintendent or school official. He prepares and distributes school registers, school blanks, etc., and is generally given the power to make such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry into efficient and uniform efect the provisions of the laws relating to schools. The State Superintendent is required to make a detailed report to each regular session of the State Legislature, showing an abstract of the common school reports; a statement of the condition of public schools and State educational institutions; the amount of money collected and expended, and all other matters relating to the schools or school funds that have been reported to him. He is forbidden tetom becoming interested in the sale of any school furniture, book or apparatus. STATE xIBRARIAIAN. In nearly all of the States the laws provide for a State officer under the title of "State Librarian." As a rule the office is filled by appointment of the Governor, although in a few States it is an elective office and is filled by direct vote of the people. The State Librarian is the custodian of all the books and property belonging to the State Library, and is required to give a bond for the proper discharge of his duties and satekeeping of the property intrusted to his care, as in many of the Trustees, which is sometimes made up of the Governor and certain other State officials, who constitute a board of commissioners for the management of the State Library. ADJUTANT-4GENEBAL. In nearly all of the.States provision is made for an Adjutant-General, who is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The name of the office implies the branch of work which is handled by its incumbent. It is the duty of the Adjutant-General to issue and transmit all orders of the Commander-in-Chief with reference to the militia or military organizations of the State. Hekeeps a record of all silitary officers commissioned by the Governor, and of all general and special orders and regulations issued, and of all other matters relating to the men, property, ordnance, stoescamp and garrison equipage pertaining so the State militia or militaey forces. PUBLIC EXAMINER OR BANK EXAMINER. This is a State office that is found in only about one-half of the States. In some States it is known as Bank Comptroller and in others the duties which devolve upon this officer are handled by a " department" in the State Auditor's office. The general duties and plan at conducting this work, in many respects, is very similar, but there is a great difference between the various States in the officers who attend to it. Where this is made a separate State office, generally speaking, the requirements are that he must be a skilled accountant and expert bookheeper, and cannot be ans officer of any of the paublic institutions, nor interested in any of the financial corporations wlich it may be his duty to examine. He is charged with the duty aof visiting and inspecting the financial accounts and standing of certaien corporations and institutions organized under the State lawts. Ian several of the States it is also made his duty to vaisit certain county officials at stated intervals, and ipe their books and accounts, and enforce a uniform system of bookkeeping by State and county ofatficers. CO311ISSIEONER Or SUPE:RILNTENDEN7T OF INSUBRANCE. In all of the States of the Uniona the department relating to insurance has grown to be an important branch oft State gaovernments. The method of controlling the insurance business differs materially in many of the States, although they ase all gradually moving in the same direction, vis., creating a department or State office in which all statters relating to insurance and insurance companies are attended to. In former years, in nearly all of the States, the insurance business formed a department in the State Auditor's office, and was handled by him or his appointees. Now, however, in nearly all the Northern States and many oa the Southern States, they have a separate and distinct insurance department, the head of which is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The duties and powers of the insurance department of the various States are very similar. A general provision is that the head of this department must be experienced in insurance matters, and he is prohibited from holding an interest in any insurance company. The Commissioner or Superintendent of Insurance has extensive powers concerning insurance matters, and it is his duty to see that all laws respecting and regulating insurance and insurance companies are faithfully observed; he issues licenses to insurance coaspanies,and it is his duty to revoke the license of any company not conforsming to the law. Reports are made to him at stated times by the various companies, and he has power to examine fully into their condition, assets, etc. He files in his office the various documents relating to insurance companies, together with their statements, etc., and at regular intervals makes full reports to the Goversaor or Legislature. CoMl(MISSILONER OF LABOR1t STATISTICS. In several of the States a "Commissioner of Labor Statistics " is appointed by the Governor, who is the head of what may be termed the labor bureau. In a great majority of the States, however, this branch of work is taken care of by a board of labor commissioners, a bureau of statistics or by the State Auditor and his appointees. The general design of this bureau or commission is to collect, assort and systematize, and present in regular reports to the Legislature, statistical details relating to the different departments of labor in the State, and make such recommendations as may be deemed proper and necessary concerning the commercial, industrial, social, educational and sanitary conditions of the laboring classes. OF) THE SYSTEM[ OF' CIVIL GOV1ENNIENT. OTHERR STATE OFFICERS. In all of the States there exist one or more other State officers in addition to those already mentioned, which are made necessary by local condition or local business interests. It is, therefore, unnecessary to mention any of these at length in this article. It may be stated, however, that in aS of the States may be found two or more of the following State officers, and further, that each one of the following-named officers isa found ian some State in the Union, viz.: Superintesndent or commissioner of agriculture, commissioner of mines, secretary of sagriculturael board, secretary of internal affairs, clerk and reporter of the Supremes Court, commissioner of railways, commissioner of immigration, State printer, State binder, land agenat or commaaissioner, commistasioner, register or superintendent of State land office, registers of landsa commissioner oft schools and lands, surveyor-general, ibspector-general, State oil inspecator, dairy commissioner. STATE iBOA IDS. Besides the officers and departments which have already been mentioned, there are a number of State boards or bureaus that are necessary tin carrying on the comsplex business connected wtith the government oat a State. The followinatg list of such State boseards and bureauts includes all that can be found in the mtajority oft the States; saomes of them, kow — ever, are only found in a few of the Stastes, because they are of a lsocal natur e and are only made necessary by the existence of certain local conditions or business interests. It will also be observed that some of the boards named covaer the samte lines of awork that has already been menstioned as belonsging to some State officer. This growes efroms the fact that a few ofe the States place the management of certain lines of work in the hands oft a State board, whise in others, instead of having a State eboarsd they delegate the powers and duties to a single State official. All tof the States, however, have a numsber of the State boareds mentioned in this list, the names of which imply the line of work eatch attends to, viz.: Railroad and warehouse commissioners, board of equalization, board or commission of agriculture, university trustees, board or commissioners of public charities, canal commissioners, penitentiary commissioners, board of health, dental examiners, treustees of historical library, board of ptarmacy, commission ot claims, live stock commissioners, fish commissioners. inspetors osf coal mineass, labor commtissionerees, board of education, board of public workets, boarsd tof peardons, assessment commissioners. 1L1EG:ISLATUIRL:E OR. G;ENEJRAL ASSIEMUBLY. The law-making powerf of every State is termed the "Legislative Department.' The legislative paower, accoreding to the constitutions of the varioas States, is vested in a body termed the Legislature or General Assemtblo o,'ch consists of an Upper and Lower House, designated usually as the Senates and House ot Representatives In a few of the States the Lower House is calted "The Assembly,' In most of the States the Legislature meets in regular sessions every two years, but this is not the unisversal rule, as i a few of the States thet law provides for annusal sessions. In all of the States, haowever, as provision is made whereby the Governor may, on extraordinary occasions, call a special session by issuing a proclamation. The Legislative Department has the power to pass all such laws as may be necessary for the welfare of the State, and carry into e ffect the provisions of the constitution. The Legislature receives the reports ofat the Gaovernor,tosgether with the reports of the various other State officers; they provide by appropriation for the ordinary and contingent expenses of the government; at regular times provided by law they apportion the State into political districts, and make all other provisions for carrying on the State government. There is a general prohibition against the passage of any exbost facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities. Any measure to become a law must be passed by both branches of the Legislature, and then be presented to the Governor for his approval. If he withholds his approval (or vetoes it), the measure may be repassed by a two-thirds vote of the Legislature, when it will become a law notwithstanding the Governor's veto. The Senate is the Upper House of the Legislature or General Assembly. The various States are divided into senatorial districts, in each of which a Senator is elected-the ter a of office varying from tso to four years. Except in three or four of the States the presiding officer of the Senate is the Lieutenant-Governor, although a President pro sea. is usually elected, who acts as presiding officer during the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor. The presiding officer has no vote, however, in the Senate, except when that body is equally divided. Every Senator has one vote upon all questions, and the right to be heard in advocating or opposing the passage of any measure brought before the Legislature. In filling all of the most important State offices that are to be appointed by the Governor, the appointments must be approved or confirmed by the Senate. MOUSE OFP REIPRESEN!TATIVFS. The Lower House of the State Legislature, in nearly if not quite all the States of the Union, is termed the House of Representativss. Like the Senators, every temnber of the House has the right to be eard in advocating or opposing any measure brought before the body of which he is a member. The House is given the sole power of impeachment, but all impeachments must be tried by the Senate. As a general rule, there is a provision that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House. JUDILCIARY. The "Judicial Department " is justly regarded as one of the most important and powerful branches of government of either the State or Nation, as it becomes the duty of this department to pass upon and interpret, and thereby either annul or give validity to all the most important measures and acts of both the legislative and executive hranches of the government. It is impossible in a general article to give a detailed review or description of the construction and make-up of the judicial departments of the various States. The courts are so differently arranged both as to their make-up and jurisdiction that it would be useless to try to give the reader a general description that would accurately cover the ground. In all of the States, except, possibly, o e or two, the highest judicial authority of the State is known as the Supreme Court, and unless questions are involved which give the United States Courts jurisdiction, it is the court of last resort. The Supreme Court is made up ofa chief justice and the several associate justices or judges as may be provided for by the laws of the various States, usually front four tosix. Generally these officers are elected by the people, either from the State at large or (in three of the States) as representing certain districts, but this is not the case always, as in several States they are chosen by the Governor or Legislature. In all of the States the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction both in law and in equity, and has original jurisdiction in remedial cases, tnanaamdss, habeas coryiss and cases relating to the revenue, but there is no trial by jury in this court. Various other courts are provided for by the laws of the different States, such as appellate courts, circuit or district courts, probate courts, county courts, superior courts, municipal courts, courts of justices of the peace, etc. The juasdiction of all these courts is, of course, inferior to that of the Supreste Court. and varies greatly in the different States. Besides these, where there are large cities, various other courts are also established to aid in caring for te e enormous amount of judicial work that arises from such vast and complex business interests. The various courts are also provided with the necessary officials for carying on the judicial business-such as clerks of court, court reporters, bailiffs, etc. COUNTY GOVERNMENT. S O far as the principal county offices are concerned, the general arrangement and method o handling the public business is very much the same in all of the States; but the offices are called by different names, and in minor details-such as transferring from one office to another certain minor lines of work-there are a number of points inswhich the method of countygovernment in the various States differs. The writer has adopted the names of the principal county offices which are most common in the Northern States, as in the Southern and New England States there are scarcely any two States in which the names or titles of all the county offices are identical. AUDITINGa OFFICE AND CLERK OF TEE COUNTY BOARD. Generally the principal auditing officer of the county is known as the " couety auditor " or " county clerk." Is Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin and many other States the office is called" county clerk." In Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio and others it is termed " county auditor." In a few of the States under certain conditions this office is merged with some other county office. A notable example of this is in the State of Michigan, where they have one official, under the simple title of ' clerk," who looks after about all of the work which in most of the States devolves upon both the county clerk and also clerk of court. In all of the States a bond in a moderate sum is required of the county clerk or auditor, and he is paid a salary of from $1,500 to $3,500 per year, besides in some States being allowed certain fees, unless it is in a very large and heavily populated county, where the salary paid is of necessity much higher than this amotnt. No county treasurer or member of the county board is eligible to this office. In general terms it may be stated as a rule the auditor acts as the clerk or secretary of the official county board, although in a few of the States the court clerk is required to look after this matter. * The clerk of the county board keeps an accurate record of the board's proceedings and carefully preserves all documents, records, books, maps and papers which may be brought I before the board, or which the law provides shall be deposited in his office. In the auditing officean accurats aceount iskeptwiththe county treasurer. Generally they file the duplicates of the receipts given by the county treasurer, charging hisa with all money paid into the treasury and giving credit for all warrants paitt. The general plan of paying claims against a county is as follows: If the claim is one in which the amount due is fixed by law, or is authorized to be fixed by some other person or tribunal, the auditor issues a warrant or order which will be paid by the treasurer, the certificate upon which it is allowed being duly filed. In all other cases the claim must be allowed by the county board, and the chairman or presiding officer issues a warrant or order which is attested by the clerk. A complete record of all these county warrants or orders is kept, and the accounts of the county treasurer must balance therewith. The above in general terms outline the most important branch of work which the county clerk or county auditor looks after in most of the States, but in all of the States the law requires him to look after a number of other matters, although is these there is no uniformity between the various States, and no general description of these minor or additional duties could be given that would apply to all the States. COUNTY TREASUREIR, This is an office which exists in all of the States, and it is one of the most important of the various offices necessary in carreing on the business of as county. It is an elective office in all of the States, and the teaarm of office is tusually either two or four years, but - very tstcommont provision ina the various States is that atfter serving for one term as county treasurer a party shall be ineligible to the office until the intesrvention of at least one term after the expiration oft the tesrm for weshich he was elected. This provision, however, does not exist in all of the States, as in some of them the county treasurer is eligible for reselectieon tefor any number of terms. The general dutes of the county treasurers throughout the various States is very similar. The county treasurer is the principal custodian of the funds belonging to the county. It is his duty to receive and safely keep the revenues and other public moneys of the county, and all funds authtorized tato be paid to his and disburse the same pursuant to law. He is required to keep proper booaks of account,in which hes must keep a regular, just and true ac count of all monsteys, revenues and funds received by him, stating particularly the time, when, of wehom and on what fund ore account each particular sum was received; and isalso of all moneys, revenues and funds paid ouat by himt according to law, stating particularly the time when, to whomtss and on what fund payment is made from. The booeeks of the acounty tresasurer must always be shbject to the inaspection aof the county board, which, at stated intervals, examines his books and makes settlements with himt. In some sof the States the provisions of the lawt relating to county treasurer are very strict; some of theatm provide fors a county boarsd of auditors, who are expected, several times a year, to examine the funds, accounts and vouchers of the treasury without previous notice to the treasurer; and in soTe it is perovided that this board, or the county board, shaltl designate a bank (or banks) in which the treasurer is required to keep the county funds deposited-the banks being required to pay interest on daily or monthly balances and give bond to indemnify the county against loss. As geeral rule the county treasurer is only authorized to pay out county t s on warrants or orders issued by the chairman of the county board ad attested by the clerk, or in certain cases on warrants or orders of the county auditing office. A complete record of these warrants or orders is kept, and the treasurer's accounts mustt balance therewith. In most of the States the law is very explicit in directing how the books and accounts of the county treasurer shall be kept. COUNTY RECORDE]l OR REGISTEIR OF DEEDS. In a few of the States the office of county recorder or register of deeds is merged with some other county office, in counties where the population falls below a certain amount. A notable example of this is found its both the States of Illinois and Missouri (and there are others), where it is merged with the office of circuit clerk in many counties. The title of the joint office is " circuit clerk and recorder," and the duties of both offices are looked after by one official. The duties of the county recorder or register oft deeds are very similar in the various States, although in some of the Eastern and Southern States the office is called by other names. The usual name, however, is county recorder or register of deeds. In Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Ohio and many other States, it is called "county recorder." In Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin and many more it is called "register of deeds." In all of the States this office is the repository wherein are kept all records relating to deeds, mortgages, transfers and contracts affecting lands within the county. It is the duty of the recorder or register, as soon as practical after the filing of any instrument in writing in his office entitled to be recorded, to record the same at length, in the order of the time of its reception, in books provided by the county for that purpose; and it is his duty to endorse on all instruments a certificate of the time when the same was filed. All of the States have some of the following provisions concerning the duties of the recorder, but these provisions are not common to ea/ oa the States, viz.: The register or recorder is not allowed to record an instrument of L.NTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN LHE YEAR A. D. 1895, Bye GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WASHINGTON, D. C. -

Page  VI SUPPLEMENT VI. JDIGFYTSI7 OF, ~FIriI& SYSTrF-lN4 OF, CIVIL_ GOXIF:414NNMYFANTI. bnytbkintputlesit tistdul executedt. t acotdngttott lawth is not obigedttt ptothet cutytbptoarttd orotttert couty otftteds din rlttpn todithetitt offiia bttt barout executtithe ttotficer and ttott townshp totr tit whichtht or-d tht prttptr otfficitl; he it rtqttittd tt ttthibit, fret ott chargt, all recttdt, by tht Attorney-Generalt, to apptar for tht Stattt ttt catset itt bit county eroalty ttetttd "ttootn meettintgt," at whitch evtty ltga votttr ot tht totwnatnd alowttottpitt tot be made; Ohe it autttottiotd itt admoinisttroathsb and io toich the Sitat it interetted. Tbtttttcoutnttty tttrnym te ant annualo ship bhat a voicet. At thete tmettingt rtportts are hod frtom tbe vartoos CIR.CUIT OR. D1STIIICTr CILERR41 Ott CILER1~f OIF COURT. PIROBATE ORt C0JttiTt JUIO-itE. Stitt othtr Statti combinet gttd feturest fttott bottb of tbt photos Tbtttttbodtt abtove metittonetd, antd bttidtt tht othbtr ustual ttownsibt tffictials tbty In netatlyallitf tbeStattes,ieacb ciounty ecttsttt"tclttrk tf cutoorttmto ttfbhandting prtbatttmattttrsitnotounifortthtrtoughotut matintaint it ttownthip btoard, wbich it givten cetttini retrit/td powoets, courtst,"tsometimes als known astcircit cltrktortdistricttclterk, idiat-t thetvaittootStates. Int tttny Stattt tbt bigbtr couitsi areigioten Jurt- such asthosetof a evoiew otrtan atditittg boartd,bot tbtytttenotovetted big tht ciouti with wbichb tbt officeis ttconneto ed. In tomeot itthbe States, dittittt ovtt ptttbate mttetrts, otod int othtrt thy booe toreattd disttticts in with tbe uotoplete coropatoe attd ltgisltivteo pottts of tbt tttownsbip, Chit it bitt otlready btttt statetd, tbe oficetof clrko cut.hihiarebteld probatetourotitwhobset turitdiction etttttdt tooer stoetat btittgttteseotdttittttagtmeaturt to tbo votert, and oil quettionst coiltomt other titunty office. Tbisi thettasthntIlttotitstttndMsouri, countitiestad takesittiothttttattettstbttidestpureltyprobatti affairs. Int itgtfor thettxtrcistttfisuchtatborityoareactedouponttotthtteutown etwerett in maniy tountiestit tttistconectd with thetofficeoftcuntty recorder. a ajrty of th Stts hoevr patclalh Weternt and Northernt 00. Itt toanty of the Statts tht otottship boartd jusit dettribed it matde It Mtbitoe ffttt tdi tt toti f~~th~oidttb - Stoate, bthy elect it tcounty ort it probate judge, whot holds coort and opof thret ot mtote tot the othet towotthip officter, wo aitet-officio auodittor. Ito Wistottint, Missoutti, Ilintoit ittd othbet Sitate thet dictiont of theseounoty ot probate cioutso tis niiotoitwyt confined to- fitorm t othe torkrquired of themi, antd reporit to thteot totnmeetings. osed ist"ciruitu clurk;" ittKansatst,Mitnstatti, NorthbDakobtaaitdtt mn tlutsitooytio probttte affairs, being frequetluyoextended itt mantty other The princtipal officialsintowtnoooip otgaittotiittu itottearlyoallthe otherti tht offite it called " cttO ofi district tourot;" wobile tit t-any oft tht mttitrist, itnd they generaitly include tsuch matttr itt atpptiotictihip Stoate otc the tolotowing: " Supetoisors, or itrutis,' " clerk," " trtotStittt, itottodiog Intdittti, Ohio, Ittowa itid others, it it tolled sittply affaitit, adotipoinst, miorsuu, itt. Itt someu of tht States they boot bothb it u "atesttot," "colletoto," "justices of the petct," "consttables," "cot'it 'uuih fC~ ootitttttt"Cuonnity jttdgeatdiatprobitetjodgeitnd intihesecaset thejotisdicutiontof-t 'ovurseers,topeoitot ortcttommissioters oftbtheighwaoys,"oand "ptoundThe chief ditty of this official it ito itt its tleik of tht disttrict o0 C1- tt oatteris tonfotittd to sucO mauttert itt Ott in lite woith prttbitie itffitit. emastters," although itt hot Otto stated, tmanty tot the Stouts do toot hoot uititcourti,iandusouetimetsutthertouotsofttiniferiortjurisdiction. CIi th Int Mistsouri bthybhaoetaprobatet judge,iandalsotacoontytiourot,tcom-al oftthete officiaols. clerk'stduty to keep thetseals andiattenidibttthseionsottitheiottot posed of countty jutdges, ittthomut tht titotporto ptotter of tht toounty toortsipreittot ail tht Ottos tnd popert therofiu,tmit,lteepiandpre_- ott oetetd-itt tht offitial counoty boarutd. Ito Michigan ithy hitoto tev ompletet rtciords of att tht proceedinogs ittd determ-inatitott thete- ptobiteo judge and it probate register. Tht probate judge it giteneraly of,itandtcarry outtsuchotherodoutiestasiaybttrequiried by thetruletiaod givett original juritdictiott ito itll mttitrst of probate, tettlemtitnt iii otders of theit respective coturts. They must-ti eter of retcord att judg- statoet of dotteased petrstis, appointmentot of guardiant anod consetova- SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENT. mets-i, decreets antdorderstof thettouti asttoioniaspotssibleiaftoertheyt a itoosuad sttlemttent iht theitacounuts. Theyiohkeprttf oft willsdiretui renudered;hkeepialtintdictments otnfileiasiatpublitctrecord,bihaveiauthority the admiunistrtituonuof etaotte, gratitandrevokettuuuuule ttteresaetary ttd HE ommttonotschotltsystetou,"er, totspeaktoithgreaertt accureacy to atdmintisiter othsb,uh takehackotoledguetsu; itit itt-d certiuty deoptit- of admitnuistrtatiton, tpptintt and reoveuoo guarudiatt, itt. the tmethod ttf goovtrting scbotl distritst, ito the varitous States, titons,iandtare rquired totuxhibbittalltreordttfreeof chitrge. Itttearly differs woidely, yet oil fotltow ito it gteterawa onyte of too toparate itll the Statest tho ito defttes tho charateitroutf the oteoord btths which COUXTY SU VIIE'VOR. andu tcl-aroy dofiood tmethodt, beittg amentded in tmitnor tespects she cleth of toiurt mutot keep. Althiough lttee tis n0 settled rutinh t thu This to a otttfict wohicb to commonttt to ttearly oil tf thu States. It toti totelenittt poin tdian iyett otod idiot Alle of temientutehducatooe matuttiu, the gutnertl prtovisiotts arethitthetshallkeep: First, atgeneralt i tiheudyofyt the cuounuty surveyor itooto exc tetty siuroeytwhith iay be ithat no one ttofthemis frede urinhfault andtobjecdbtion, ortasteachedperdocket tor registter of ationsti, ito tohich to eontered the title ofeathacitonttordrdb aycutohpnplctinotnyidvduloitroa etitonIttttwttifethetaitintttisuarticletd ubrieflytttttoabo thetpincibpalintoheiordet uttohith -they ott cotttuetoced, anudoadettripition of each toi.,,adbypryesierve reopdofiitpptsuurveystftmatdeibydtim.oearoyalpofi features Itofttbetseveraltmthosbutteittisobt podyibeuitotgouintopeitabilti paput filod ito thu tcaose attd tilt prttceediungs ithrint; seond, t linuu thoeStatd pretovidethtotedotai reciordyshalitdeketby Otth. Ncitnty sutt thiteusoma tteoreofiigthe sytemdibof schtooptgvetimblnt thatodsfollowed tifse inidex and defettdant's itodex; third, a judgmentt both itt-d Pxcto thur anido prtovide thiatietsufort tosoodur t~o hilhup byreor thueotsurvys~tetiiieo iit h ytt fubo oeuutttCtti olte dokttnwihh nestejdmn nec cin ieoftisutiit iooodptioptilit o i it t lti tttodtuutit t otcO of the tmoty States oft the Utoiott. The tiotstituttion ad statoutes dotottitothhi suotCu- odotmadteteiuibyitohim.tti While ho it theoffic~ial coutty sturoeyor, you thesuroeys of alltthetStatesagtree,botooweve, uonptseoeralpointt. Theytaimtto proexeutioniusatistfactiton, ett., otod titch otuhet ok sth orso thg maoide by bitt r o ocuie u a ervee y n op-vd o hruhadefcen ytmo reshos hrb l h lwmaprsrb.tentotribuual,itatd thetcrecotnuetsthereoftmay be dispiuted. thildreuuoftheStates tooteeie tttutl orouuugh commottnt stcdool dctuionu; SHMERIFFPI, they protoide thate ail lattds, tooneys attd uthut poperty donauiited, granted COUNTV COJIONXER. or roeeoed titr scot-iol, college, ototinotty or uiverstioty pureposet, oud tht to oll of the Stattot the office of shut-iSf it ott otfthu tomost itoportanot Thit it anuother coutoty offite wohich toxists itt nearly tilt of thu Sutatot. proceeds thereof, thoul be faithfuitly tipplied to the objeouts stated; swith of the ciounoty ouffites. The tetrm of offitevarites itt different Statou,beuttg Itt the avoerage couonty thete is nott tooth tooth tot too tortoner, bitt in two ot tbree etteptions they prooide thot no approprititioto shoall he maode usuatlly eithir itoo or foturyiear,itand itooseveralof tho Sutate tote potty, thettotunties inowtich largettcitie r ocatet d the officeoistaoery iopor- orepublicfondsiapptied ito aid ofoany hourch~orsetaritian purpose, or to cannotoo hold theofficeattetondtetrto onsectutiveoly. Thu getteal pro- utattotte. Ittgunoraltterms ittoayhbestatedthatithetcoroner istetquuired toppotor seuostauinanytschool,ttcademuy, seminarey etollege etorunioversity vsons ototuttltiningtgieduties poertaintingutothisoffitceiareveytmuchtaiktie tothouldinquqstots toutr the bodiesot pittsotts supposed tohavoe eitowith cottrolled orrunt ito the intt-tuuest ottay churth tie foeaeetariatnt potto the oariouis Stitets, atd the followinog roesume of hit doties toiy be said oitolti or ounnturoael deithbs. tot tostt States ho Oat powter to itopitotoa putt; tind they prohibit the oarit-ous scbotol officials froctholditug toy tooapply tooall of theovarious Setatee except in auew miorteandotttto- jurty to enquireinutittoite tauetfdetth; buot insometoftthetothis is not ionteresuttonhestle, proceodsoreprofitsofoasy book, appartuostoereiur poetat. tdetoils. Thu sheriff is tchargegd wittO thu ditty of hoepung antd tho titte, itnd he isogiotot pooterto att itlotot. Hetaotsobptotoawiutoesses; itue osod int the uchools tot whith they, aso offiters, tre interesteud. preseovintgtht peacetitohbstcoutiy;tor, asbhasbeenotwritten, "heoisthe atdmoinisteroaths;ttin cetatincasesoprooidetforiadecentttburtiol,andtitntt InotoitoytthheiSttestuhey fdttttowhitttmay beitutimed the "ittdtconsvteotitof peace," and it ishis duty tokeep theosamei,suuppress biotdtoverto thepropitt-toutttty perstnitoplictettdttinthettkiigtof pentdettt shiooldistrictu"tmethod, itoattoch ateacthdistrict,so fartseits riotst,itffiys,Ofghtinig, breachesofithepeaceiandpreveotto critoe,iand the detoosed. cotporate ptowerstaretonterned, is entirelyseparate anod independent of the proper mautgistrete; and to do thit, tor to titetute aoy ortt, waoeront, OTE O YOFCS thoct drecletrly Whfitedth pano eac duistricd tit -tompdlete wtitthi di-lf processtorder ordeteet,he mauytcallto uhistaidtwhenottecessarytany per- Thetoootty officestiohatohaealreoady beetttoeotionuediareethe peit They electtitfull stc iot distritt officiols, and eoertite-theircorpoeato sot-sot the ' piower of tho couttoty." Ctiii tho doty oft the theriffto C serve tipatone itfoound in tilt of itoe Stoute. Ttee oto, howevoer, it ftw other powets itotd toitotge Chuei disteitt affairs within themoseloes. Into ibi ttd executettwitin thistotuny,totdeuoor tleturntlliwitswattt, purocest, tcountyoffiiaulsebesidoeshosetomentiontedtohithueisi t i umnyofytthe ptantoheooraote powersoofthe disticttt areousuallyvesteod in adis. oredrs oand dereoes oil tevey desttiptioot thot toiy be lugally diototed States,iatdowhithtshouldbeburieflytmentionetd inthis tonuectiott Thete teitt boartd, hith Otto geneoral chartge of the itnterests oft the disterict, anddeliovered to himu. Heia ourotiofficer,andit ishistdutyutoatteotd, areotothoffitestastounotuyphytsicitn,tcoutty astetsor,tcouttytolletuoe, hiresteachoers,and makehos sthtcontracts tied carites ittto tfttct toth eitheriotpuetrsontorby depuuty,alourcots ofteotrd held inohtscounty; countty poortotmotsstionertorotsuperintenoetd ofutheotunuoty poour-houtse, methodsusituidoouuoud teceusarytoou to rietegratdetortid idnthe effbyovitueotothis offictthethastototdysofithejail. It ishisdutiyto pouose mato eruitnothantery ittor u toourcomstuottet, tcounty examitntrts, boarS of tiency ofthesthools. Thototositetof tht aothority gioen to theotdisanudapprehettd felontsoaudpoerstonschargedwithtcritoeoandbhasoustody equaizaiutionu,,buoatd ofteview,etc. The nametotf thteseofftcesiplyythe ticutiboardsuittnot thetoamein allotlhe Sutae, antd initany Statetsuitei eoftprisuonert. Hetisotttallotoediotoprhooeiaoy propetey extptosdfor doutots. Thteseoffitoido not eutitt inl ofttuheSttesu,butuinunearly stritetudiundatpart of thetortporatte puuowerisesteoved-oithepeouple saleby hiouuas sheetff. eoeryhStateithe lawprooidesforonoe or ore oftheseuouonty officuials. thetoseloos, the offittals boeing required, itt oll itmportanutmatter, to tcarryioutthetousbestndordersdofttte peoplecofthe districttasextprttsed COUNTY SUP-ERItNTENDENT OR. COO11ltitSSIONORR1 OF COUNTY BO3ARID. tind decided utpon ot the -distritt tthool meeotings." Antoher etohtod which is tfollowetd ini manty of the Sotate maiy he SCHOO0LS. The powtts of eoeeytctounty itt it body potlittict ad tiorporte-e itee tertoed tho "tutownship tystemut" Itt tuth hState the too priovides ft-u the Vested inatcoutty botrd. T'uhtistofficiybcunty oad toisenerallyetertoed or-gaizationuuofteahiutownthiptfoetthool purposes, ortatie laege "ditThis isiaotofficttwhichexists ui nderttonuteunaeior another ttinineary thetcounty"buttrdofto upteroisors,"ttor"btoadutotu ommistionters,'bott tritt,"iandtuetciitownship,tso ftreasttsteductatttionl interteststaetonitevey Sutate itt the Uniuon. Tho title of tho offite in it gteat maorjtity of thut-u out sotot excteptiotts to tihit, thke Mitssouriu, where thi totitty boarud tereud, is orgutit-ed, hits theonetessary offtitial tied beotmtet a body theiStatesis"cotuttysuopoerintetodent," buti i tMittigant, Missourit, Oho, iskuutounastheih"totntytourto." Thereisuotootderbledifoouuot-iothb poiticttandtorporate. Astaigeoteual trule,whereithis moethod prevails Noew York, tand pitssibly otto ort twou othe State, the offite is tuotoed otakte-tup of the tounoty boited iut tho ottiuts Stateos. In sitom it is 'made the totootships tot dioided into thet- or oret-utob-distoictst Alt oft ttese "tchootltttoomisusionero"andiinteeralofttiheStautesthelawtotpurovidetfor op ofuioutomebut from ettO tutownthip it the otutoty. Inottherstihi tubditoituuts reaiatpoofttfheitolet,iandtdhe finantcestandgenoeoalbosi. aobtoardoftcounty exuatioers tor tthool cuommtissutoners,twot arttgiovot tcountiesttredivided itoudistreictsi,iandttioneteberofhtteiotuny board ossuisgenerallytoantged byoaitoutsbip boatrdtimadetupiofe-e-presi tatconoiderthle of the orktuthatointmost oftheuother-Stateuoio ha-diedlody itchotenutromtoachtdistriuttt Nogeneotol dettoiption ott this toutldoe tovetfoutt eath tub-district. Thitboard itgenerallytClothedowith the the tounttty topeurinteotdetot gioenuthat would 0e totturtite, os tsote of tho Sitatus folluow butth of thete tuotutorte powers, Ohirto teachers, providtes-ut,, ano tttppliet-tnd toohos The nameo of thts oficet itoplies the douties whith devotlot uoptnt it, pitns. Pitt ttintantte, in Illioist suomeof itteItounitiesu tee giovernetd by it oil tht- coutoattts unetestory to toty out tho varot-oo sthools tin tho townandtdheyoaeveorey totuchuatik tinll of the Stittes. Thu incutobentt Of boareduoftiupervitort,twhithtsuadeuptdoipftonetemotbierfomoutchttotn- thip. Attwithintdepttden0 dtuisticts,thebowtersofthit boartdiaee-tnott this office us tharged wittO o geotetal topuoitiut tootr the- sthoouls of the ship, toite othot- toutntiestt totie stame Stoute oct goveoted by it boautd of alike ut oil Stoute where thu towtnship systemt preoutits, toe- inom counoty,tttdmuott beoa fittig peronto asttoedtuctiout anudiumtorat hara- tuountytuctottissones,tconistinttgttt -ofituee uttmor outbers,teathtoep. Stato tuheir owertisverytmucuthresttite-iud,cnd isltimitedsuto rtinttoffiittr. Asarue ito istihueirdoty utotxainooeoandtlitesett eacihers, botiota oetenting disotritsuintowhichthie-tcountiesiqoutestionttuodivided. tiail mtuters,uthetcorporte-tptowoieranridtghtitotmketiup~ootartit contrats tutw of the Staote pruovisontu ts matde forta buoard of examittoers. Cutounty The gtuteeal puowter of theuounuoty booed throutghoout ofll theoStates beiutgresetrvedtoutuhopeople, thot detide on bthesequtesttionat whatotte superintendets tee reqouired tovsit o anopd intpett the tthools itt reguglar is about tho sotot, except tot miortie Se-touts. It representsi tho tegislatiou tuotoed tutu tihotooltetinsg. Ott it fist of thu States where they followtt intoervals,otd give tothoadoitoitnd intructiotnitotttteaersitasumay be taudcoriportetiputowersofhicounoty. Otto of thteiroumibeettisaloys theutownthipusysutemtheyboae oetoffitialtboard. This isthtteoase i Ideemoedotecestsaty totS proeutre. They arte requqoteed to orgattize outdo on- thuioseia cuhairmtoorprep sitdent,oandoatsastoehepresitdittgofficer. The- diatt,twhere theyoelettoautotnsitp ttruste,-wosue dutty itis tolookiafter docttinstittofutes-o tho intotrutctionf toathersifdeetoed tnecetssary,ttd countityboardbhasgoenerol oboe-ge uover the affairsc of the otunoty. lIt istalltheeductaititionlinteteststofoheitownship,sutbject totheiapprovaltof encuraoege teachters' assootiutiots. They itrutodote to thu ntictie of thoeir dsty Cto pruovide otunty offites, provtide Se-shus, statioutery, books, the people itt thu reguglar etot ngs. Io toots utf the Statst ohuer thetoachers anud tho peouplethe bust modtet of inttuectiuon, the tmost fuel,-tct.; exaooiue, investigateoandoadjusttcimhsiagait nstttheuCioutuy, stotonshiptsysutemprevooisthte lawperovide-stfoeihte-ogtoioititn,o undoeapproe-ud plans utf builtding tind oenttilutinug school-housiet, etut., tiuttu- atd hitot gettotol tote outS custody of tilt the toot anid persooal testote cetaint ondito ions,of sub-districtsitnttou iodependentu dittrictst,whitbgtoes lte shotolotffitersito thu prtompt outS proper disthargeof theireduiesot. otootdhbythe otunoty. Ateregolar itttervaols they settle toith the- tuoutty thomtohetpuowertoelecti the-irtownofficerstaudact indepenodently of the Theyreeitveorepoertsfrottheoaioeutstschoot utfficers, and transmtotan treaseurero;examinoeiaccuntsotandvoutohoers. Theyilotatetcunotoyeroads; othtershools in the-otownship. absotratt of Chute reportes to thu State Soperitenotdeiut, aidditig it repot oft dettermine the aoun tO of tcotutty too, autS reuglotly publish it statemtent lot nearly till of the Ouatese tone of the too genottol moethods gituen the tuonditiuton sf the scohuols otoder their tharge-. Ito tottely tilt the Slobes of Chtei proutee-dingse; tmake stattements of rceipts, etpendituees, ott.; abooe it folilowed, wtoh ceteaint changes to outie the ploan toote efftciett theyoaeeforbiddenohaitnugoaoy inuteresltinhesaleuofoanytshooltfuret- anodoumakealltcontretts,iand dottllotheratsuin retionut totthetproperty andtsatisfattoey,ondtoobettuetoumeetithedesuiresoandtneedtofohe people toot-, apparetus ior boohs outsedi tothe schoolt. IntomanyStatesttheybhaoe otiS tottcerns of the cuountyottneessay to etortise its torpoeate potoors outhe diffoereotStates. Mitoy of the Sotots tcotbiute good featoursfroto itothot-ity to annol it tuather's teetificate- too pr-oper toote, totS to gee- shot oaue not spocificallty delegatod to other coiunty officials. both these -ystttot its sutote of the- States have the towns-hip system, eea o takoe such stepstodoonforetesoch mtsthods, itt tout eleoate an hri ahsb-itithsisotSorads ara otoln t toake Rote efficientut lth it-hoots outdet thoei tontrtol, w far th-e ois'htoncerneduistindependenbt of adloudthfer-ditrits.o Butluogcal COUNTY, PL11tOS1ECETINI Olt STATE', S ATTORNE-YO NS I nuettssay thou at-e difftertot to ottO Stoute, itod tohtle there maty be it TO N HP GOVERNMENT. oatt differecte Out the mtit-hoids followeod, the-ic atto is the- tsato, otid, asa There- is it gre-tt diffe-tunute bttetwee the otriouso Stoate tiu the etuehod whole, the vrousto sysoteuto haot acottmtplished the- rest-ot of guoutog of hanudlintg orate iendintg to tho legal buittetss relasting to cuoute outuuo-s_ 'Us HE ouethod of tootothip goovernmtont throuoghout the ditlerentuo huoho h egboi eeot tteUiuo h etdu tStt oe grootong feutom tountoty tfftirs. tIo maunty of tho Statest tht offitial wohu Stotes oariest so toito thot it is impossiblei tohio areticleto treatt efficient tystet-m of fre-t othoutlt thou the torld hits oever ktnoon. atteods o ti hio liote of tote-his ktutown its thu "tounty attoreney,"i to tihet-r of ittmorte thant o it gutenerl toiy. Itt mutoty of the Stoics the Stats ho to tithed the State's attuorney ore proseuottiog or distric-t attornety. Z utottnbhups are- ntut torgootieed to bodiet torporate, outSi touthtiet Itt it ft-t of tht Stateos they dioide the Stoute uinto districts emubracitong it Staus to some tounotoieot they outy hoot tuownship organizatiott, toomber of countoies, totS it districot ottornety is elected to eacth district, tohiletoin u othe uountits to the stame Stoute itdoes nott tuxitt. In touts where wobuiniutometittes attentds to itll the legal toorh ot the- varoe-ustosunties, uthee-oisuo townshtp orgtnizationutheolawoprovidesthatucectaitttcountyoffi- CITIES AND VILLAGES. and ito others hi asstists the- tountoty otutouteys ott lttei mosutt itporptantit tialstshallatteutdihtothlocatork-,uo hte workoehoithinoutuherlocalities is Sdutie totS prot-sectionsti. Hot whoateve pltot toay be- fotlutowed itt the- attitumed by the tutowutship offitiols. Sot evenu whe-re they hoot tuownthip UN oil of the Stouts the loot peovide toe the lootl gootetnmeto of otriotuts Stoute, anod whateote title toty hi given to Othis offite, tht genoee-lorganizgititoonutoho pout of totontbip governtmitent itt tht different Stoutes citiest otod ovilges, so thot wheti they attain it certaini populationt duties ofthe officeiare-verytouchthetsaettthreutghotlutalofuthe States. whertt etxistsodifesso toidely that saoetly itoy twou Suotst outy be they maoyhbesparaitederout,osnd thuosmonage their affairs indeIto is the duty of she tounty oattorneoy Ott cotmuenttto otiS pe-osecote till otiS tou be aithe. Abtout the only staotemtoutst couttterning Cheorgaizeod petideot uf, the tootoship ito which they otttouoted, both its to acutions, touits, idictments aotS prosecutitiouts, titil itod trimtinal,t onay townsthiptthaittcuitd beomadewhich woulo d plyp ytoallthe Staoesooouthe sthoolmattoersand ciiltaothorituy. Ito sthooltafittes provisiotn is tourt- of reorod to hit tounttty tn which the " people utf thu Stat ot- counoty -, followingu Eoeoy orgottized ttotutship tot itoo corporteo topooity hits toode toe handinig the toot- cot-plet edittotutonal interestst of ovilloget outybe conct-erned; toproecutteto llofortfeited bondsoandretoguizostte, powuertosuoeoand besued; tootcquit-by purchase-,gift ortevdioeotid aodtcities-htboshoolbtoartds beinogouadetlareger,oand itoomanytcasesthe antd allatittonstfor the reovooery otdhebt,revoeniues,monoe-ys,fines,oett., hold property, bothrealoiand persoonlforthtt usbietof its ihobitatsu,oand scopetoftthteiratheority isverymuch extended. to ciovil Rostter proacct-ingtogiuhis otuntty;utotucommutentead pr-osttctuteollatuionsand pro- atgain otstlltandtconoeythe satoo;and uto tooke oil suchtcontractts osisieneisouade iollofsthe Statesforthe organizeatiotoof viloagesoond ceedtutgebroitght by otty tountyeofficert-nohitoffitialocpacity; to.defentd ttatyhbeunetestaryinthe exercistofitto putowersoasatotosti5. titiesoatutor-portetbodies,tsepit rateoanddisutincutfrom the townutshipstotu alloactiootsoand pruoeedings broutghtoagoinst his tciounty, ot-againsteaty Inaogreaotmany of the Statoesthe tutownship guovet-oteut to carieetd pr-ovtdi ogrtthetnecessary offictrsttotcaryonthteaffairsofuthe mtoitcicoiuntoy officuer itt his offititl caopocity; to giot le-gal opitionso antd advice ott ateri it plan overy simoilar Cto tht- tountooy antud Situt governmettt, to- pitlity. - ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR A. D. 1895, BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFtCE Ou THt LIBRARIAN 0F CONGRESS AT WASHINGTON, D. C, -

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Il~d~td it11111, CHECl Illi pdlb plplk b:I,-Ibli-dyiflllplf bll t thApl'l -~dlplll"I(hkeIP-lO 111,..th g11 p11d101 11 1011110 bligItiP1 tI ppy,he!k.eeodilglP thl..Ilo.llelllflbullll 111111..-,I dp111p1y.ble itu pditlypPbut they -y ~bl~-.o dp~ylbl. 1t11111u dpy, 11011 hi P11,11 11111i — liobl..cP' tIpp bill p1 I-hbIgpI ie -,7y 11 Al 11a11d,1111111k -qp~i-PI _I _IPt-pI lPI 11111Pa1110t Oy lipblit~y II 1110111111 1 bPutPI hit1 1111111 11 obligaioln Iglilst I bp.dk i1 Ca --- 1f the hpldeI ultil -eptlP-l Wbll IPPepted by th111 te. "lAPPeptId" 11 tP-ped.. it. f.-lith~ tle sigl.ll- If tll b.lII.F It 1. AhllP..Id tloblb l,ifild l.dIhO-lltI the b1111 p111blet h hgIldllk plbllp thePPIIPbp 11111 ppilpedplthdlbPP~i. vh-gedI getlPI th1 P11110 11 lp1.. dIlpy 11 th1 pP~l-tlellP, fpr 111111b.I~~~ap PP.P7it. t h h111d 011f FP _.iph -ey, p. th1 11101 111th bIPPI,.lO h11d11111111k,.I if th b.II ph-11Id fail 1111,- hPbpbp1d., poyt phi. p11 OPhIe lo lPpll,11111p11 11 k111 I pP y.0111. 111th ppY okithb the Op. h,1111 1110tbtylld I Iwl~fobly1101 110 1 tpep1tpthft itbwill eltheIblebprl-ItldytheIelt dlllll t.,ytlpd t Ith boll -11111d th1e1y0 th 1p.iItyd e lp.giby byth deIPl~y -.1111 be.,I thpI....lT'I1Iblll p~lyI.lIegedlehekit 11.f. t -11110111 th11t it111 0111111d tp1-111 h 011 1101 Op-lthbl p.,t wh1111 t.Ifi PP 111I y1011 I 11111f... t e....ydl 10, felptPtId pye OfPIge Ppy 11le.1yp -iti g1it I1P.lldg itil 1111 IPIPdyPI t Ipple tl 110gP1y11 ltepPI.bl P101,. O kpil Ie dpllpebpyI lb-dIOlI,~lIl~ f th State.1 th1 p- -. 111011dplIdlll111 -.ey1 hl-o p1111 "I- w111 i111dP tht hd-,i.. b. thI1100I.11.11 pl.l thly h11 1011111 t1 abllpllp~ -.t. op,Il'difitlPPe~lf.lltiy 1111111tPilgIP(blI.lIP.11111111 _1k1t 011111 p111 bit.11. IlP-lP.. ppb ptolli..,.tIte..rF Pfte,-. DD 'yIpypp lp 1111 th11 Ilk p."t p(lhepk P,.-lbitP _pPh- b. 1111111 tPoilylllld I.... S"P1 h —ebIP ad1IIptIthPplgI) pheekpIyl P'ylld..-. Tklyj.pllgle blll lbl- — g1. eh IIk, h dildlI 111101 d-pp1'p -kI Pthp plIyp, 11It. be1111 PiPp 11111 O...thy II p11iEDORSEMETS. 13111,kF,,f, f ildbl feh-e h 1 -1f1- 1fbil Pillte s~qi ghtlli- drpftll Th b.11 kl0P1aftIP, t1 loplilltP~tI 101 p1' tI'p.1P.IPPiPI flPPPPbPi-OP10l1I0O O p g Yigo O1ldPIigP, I pppldh ppy.gtibl 11 d -II ppyp 1111107,. II de Th'11 Sigh D,.ft111 Ti1111111 y 11 111111, hiIIh — 1i1d1t1py1t.2 1111i 1 Ip-b, 01111y.1 fIPI, P-a -Y-. -.th1dof1 llli~kg 1111t-. At igh 1. F l11l.gbllyl plyllte Floight. te — lil belIPI pIy tblth IPdlilPflP~plPPIkPIPPPIPP....dlD.lRl-.Pd PIPh.lg PO.tp111 pp G1111 1i.., Ni- YIII N.Pp0IP ppY 1111.111,1 lll ~ 11111111111, 10 11 11 111O1 SEMEl TS.~y 11110 p~~py 11 11H11 pp f 1101 p1 y:e 0111 hl1. plI.t blI I 11f.111 11111, dft 1111 lpp~l P 1, h11 g 111111 th1101g i P1blpe111111 i.t- p 1101 tep pi ypppjp dorI, _ill 1111 pthly th iP10-1.t" p1id11-1 t11 IpI bll 0111010p by thI 111110111111 Wile1111 PPh 1111111.ti d pybt t Sbitld.yO, bl-eyb1. P. e ldd-e-t ll td pll. tblP lelPt 111110. I-ithd'iopylk=IPPIhold-y -.y c.ItI Flgi p.ydkitlthlFPOI. if1. — 0t11"".etI-~- I..1111, 11 ft10 P11111d11f1.yphpldeIe t11 1111110111,P1 h-1111 t1d1- ptyo p.. tit lop, th 1- th11 P p p 111 11111 PP11 iPdiPiIOtItPh 0111 Idpp1Ilit i thll p11y1g f111101 11011 1111110d accPPodiIg It AcP II C..gIePIi. thI yea, 1894, y GEO. A. Opb& Co., i. the offIcl of the Liba~ia. If CoPlg-1P, PP WdPhlP~gI.. D.C0

Page  VIII SPEmE Vaill GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS. -ihAbatatiag Iaaptaaibta fa it.t payaaat, tad a.aataig tlit p.ata at a a hta itat La taa aa ta aa ad..aa - a a a-aap a a a itlt t a p aaaa yaaahi a aga at a a, atha a t h..a tha, If a at ataaitaaa h i. t tl I a thta aa t a.1 iag hiat tiabl at tlit haldatI a ata- tha atyta ftila ta ttaa it p Aiathat aaathad at ti-tittta aha aad.aaaaat,.ati atatit taaadititttaa,a atadatatafafaa atlIta a tha ttttaatag: '1Pat at tataa Sit-. ta-di ap aataali - ato tlit atata Nattatatl 13ata a taaaaaata ttad ta ltta, blttat 4, ata., battat tattat th, aadaaaa attata ti tagttataaa. UtI... m~.it attable ta "tA. B. a t." at ta aqattattt taaata, ai atlitl aaa"A. aaftaataht aatttaata h.t ttaa patattt ttattt hi. aadtataataat ta ha at aaataata'7 at.tt fitattatahateta ata., batatt hett.tttby hi. etat, -A Attin tadtat,-a ttttha titadiity tatatatat thtt, a atta- alit h tata ato patat. Thitt ta tlit at. Lt ea,,ly at1 at alit UidSt.tattitttt at it h.. ae. a.t. at tlit ttat attattatatt tat atata ye.. A t,at aadttaat'aaaaa h at at, aftemtatta a,. ata.,.t taa hta atada by atatata ta taetheSt~..,it.y e.id h~ato hbtd tataaaa a that tatattt a.,,a tat at a faa tta apatayaeiaaat,.d it h aty bh a.aiad ata ae ta ttaala a ae aa a a a a tp Tha tatat P,,t-tatttappt'ad t thttaattt hyata t.,~d e(ft tatl at a tfttta Pathblt) a aat-a abh ha at tat a t a ta a at ata pat a tt ha a bhat ha-d, Ti, aaaaaad d athta.ttatt at tatatatta at- ahlit at,, eei t ta ~..I..d patatta at aha patata ta at a.tatt thaat attatatIl af it.a GUARANTr. f G GUARANTUR I. at tataho Lt bh...d at atathep faa tha faltttateat atf a.p, t. A. a aitat aLi t atattaiae..a at; at ha aaataaad ha alit ta,at,. at aft had hataiI attta htat ha tha httta hatth.dpid p hatattag,..'i iatthhdaattaha. lia.II aataofaatataaaaaatataaaa a tad tt, ttaiaeaat, itwl tediegt~.Aitattat-ha attttat g atatad haI. ataaaaatiatlypaataaitthaaaaaadataattfathal~iiaaalaabtattaaaaaaataadaa g-...diaataaaad. Tha atta,.tatt ta- atat dtaahaaaaed ifttalitbtaty baahtttaaaatLaaaaatdaaaaaItaadadhtytaataaathiaaatteaaataaataa atatttagaaaaata-ttaaaaaaat., tettyaaaaaattliatattaaaaattadtaaatt Tht gata.ty taah atca.d. at tah iaa atgita dalitatatt, a.L th aaaattaaeI-~ attata faa thit dalbt ataataf A gata.tatt atto tat. aaa debtaofthttaaetapttaLatttaatadaataddtaaatatheaa,editaaaaaalthe a-atdt,a aga.ttathli aataviata. at at, dalbt ta bligtatita haf,.! tad atatatatd battat tha gtatatya a. ttttta thata atht ha a...d, aaaa, hat Utt tat aaaa-ata atha tatptta attat the affatat aatyata f ld ita atpttltatttattyattat atat htatelf t-aea A aaaditaa mat tt a it iaaaa taaadaa a aI h, ate aft a f p ae a atiai a tdaaha iba a~t a at, ata attatt atlitathtat ha atIad ha: attattd. G-ettat tat.t. a, t tat timeta p~y a dlbt tad tta at -eaa haethab taght at patatad a ati~ t ha deat a a aWhat dtUtaatt aad tat..be fi. a t thta alit af ah apa a a a pt1aat tahttt athathta thaoke tttat, ht at, t.- aaatataad daaaa.da aitkata ta at aaia deemadpatattatif at tat at, dtha a.,.t. -— ig ItT at'-. athtat tat a.tad tat dttttttda pit atlial tat, tiiattat ha thaaattaatiia.qttdataatpa,-httta.tdtatyitaaa-dttt d.htata whqaataIaat it atata atatit beL litg datta thtatat ta ~ h et..,.t l at_,m,ataaaa Tht tt, hati tt,~,.alt alalittattt.that tha:T. hahtaftdid thaaaadaaahaitalit-.tdtttitaaataathatettedit?TtatdtLhdahttdtia. o faad tta a.t atfaI- patItaf th a atk fattatIa hat lth htttttt tatge athtdtd a owh-h.11-dtahttta itabt i.. a.t tat, abl tathi ttta adat aheth Ttht ta t, haat titat tatta thtta tt. hitt tatow atatt tat attadat thedgodsth. Atigt..dthtttht..tthtwttatattLttddtiedtatttltttlittttttt a-dathta tat aath atatata a. at alit ow 6 a httti.aa a.k~l dah..tIegd tat, Ihaabdtta tat tat,., at tt.,.ttata,.bl atratattat Lt taitt.titlead lto E;.' tiit..efea iitapat. aatdta-ta tat etitiatl at.,bt..y. att eeht.ttdet.t-1..t,-hat hat thtt ita tt tad ttattal -ithhi p:dt~ e if dtha,ebat Th-tdaa. t -Ittad atfftt athat athatiftatai a aa atat thoa dta a att al ta a daaaai t a h.-.o.ti- t tLta tha a~tta a thtli a aeaita a a taatdaaa taaaaaaaal.aaaaaaaaaaatI at a d a a a —d d. i.Uataaaaaaat atttattadt aadaal. ilI.ttaL ate a. daat,, ath gat t at-ep. hatdaa tat I Neat t btaa ttaa ha.att.Ieth..- d-,tt bah atata hea ali.t ha at tadt tht tatty awhotaa ah tatth ttat s ta hatlie atatata atit tha atata-.yttaab a tttttd ttaattt tt, tdatt withat ait.lattatity tata tha.t o that tttat tat thtta ateha itat a aat. aThi tai a dbi- t by h a itiaaa aaag th a a- a aSg.,. tat at." aa ataaah a p.ata ip ae at ad asata ag tit. aTh ta..a ata lifa t a a tg a a ata a a ta~ta theaa p.a aaya tat..atte at td atait it Lt tat. patata at.tatata. tt data.tg.,. a~ a, ha t a ta a h a'a ata d aat a. tgaaod a-a t ill ae p a ia, abaa t a ai.y a t a aapa aa a athaaa t t ah i t a. a ttatt.- as a a thaaaaaa ttt al iblt at. f a a ti aa t h aa a alal atta.athaaathtattpapapfthtda adtta-aadakt t tti flEcE/Pts AND RELEASES. it~pt-i~ed ta.t11 tta,ta adatittad to ha atatta tat- L hbaaaay taaa paaaaIaaIaa Ith a aapa'ta aig~ ita I-ttt lho a,I — aild at. a aaa'aati aaaa th a paa ty a a adat g a ia I a t a h'd ath a -lt,t"A attipta tat ba,t diffa-tat datatae attttaf aa.a tta atta Pad'tataItadd P-attaet`a atittat tabill. A ataatis itaply at, o -aatitbiht it tat biaiditag aaaa ttt paatiaa, tatattati.at.pi ha.. b -atatattd at tatata.di-tad hy at idatta, a-Iat at tha gatatad at tatad. Satiit t attada tat atig...a at tat hata aith-t at tata at tat INFANTS AND MINORS. 61Uh i tat ataity at a a atm~. it at a ata.idatta a aa -paiat ta a ata a ta..,.d ith tatat at balag atf.ttat, at attat, it. o tat -.Tht a_, a a taa a aaa a afI-. b a at a t aahaad aei ab~ ithaaaa a.t,.at f a at i afa a tit attat, g,ittt attidita to thata fttaat Bayaaaai.S haita hat aaht hit athttta d it, alta da alit, I ha atad itaa..ht aE,h AGENcY. at. h titataya Tad tatta ha, at tat hata, ta t thai,-thth, athiatttba waath thaltati ha~ baa at tau battat tai- a.. btheith atht, h-.Idto batta tIt l hi, gai~e tata ath agatatatat tttaa tad pitt,tat. at attafd Iaba- ttaif tad aItta a httit., Ia.htbtde a 0. ath at at a..d p a aad iaat.1 gtat Ltattie a ath1 t a a t a ao a.aty a i paa aaiatatatgtattafa at ataladtatta, a Utph, attd that, afp,-fe -.I h.pq tha.t tha taatital. Lt tat bhatad, hatat at, patyt dattit, it thb glit a,,t a ai ai a et a. h -l f t ta d a t ahip tat a paatai, i.t th aaa I a t aa t a I. i-atr t aa _t -,that ith, ata-t ad haa at ttaataata it tattadiag to a pta'pat. aThta paa ty. ito-a-a aal, a. a... y.y bo e e li aaaa att tti atttaaaaat-a _ at.o hattag attiat. Tb, tathatity at.. gatatat atat ha at,,,. bthe at-p.,b aitatiag at aaIly, ata atta ba ittpld tatat aetat, ata.. That af.P..pt. hi. gatda a tal that aaaaady at a.talitt abata batta,, it L. at,,aa..ab gatata, tht.thttaaat ate athole attid at battata that thia ata at baa thata tat attatd ata tat,,, baaylag ithat htetata, i.thaiteef aaad haldthaat. attta,.iaatattaah~ttataathathd taaaaaahi.agaata,ataaa a. adai.ta p aa th aa a taata aatal..tt a a a a a-h a.,.Ity a -,a aba aai- abay a ad paaaat'aiaatai pI..toiaghtataaitde1awththaaafppotad getad. taaataa at p At bit agataLbit.dtay atthat,,I, itat bata. getad, ftaet atlE ito~ ta ataha aaty dea t1ig wtht taahe tgaaaat. A. agaat a-a aga t-a a1a b h t p aa aa - ORIGIN AND HIS TORYr OF RANKING. I N gtatatl. b..ataataabaaatd t, ha -aagfdt titataitaiiaa at fatlata it Iatdit. Jaahaaataiaa K.t, atatatag..iat tatt tautIh.g. ali tatti tata, at.. a ate effae~ td bya th a a aaa t aat g-aa aa aay af ath a adt a y aaata!- a aaad a ak at ad ah~yy.I hl altha a, paid it atata hag! tail baa, blitt 3tl0at aaaa aa,a aba a afaa Ia aa pa, a aa aa ta a t aa.at af th aaa Itth..aa1tayahaaaatatad that tha baiaaaaathaatb..iagalgiaat,~d witth tha Veitttataataaythtatg-t-h.dittlttad thtttataa idat-a y atlt aaiaaa~etaathaa~ttia tlit ata~litt battlata tataitlitat. La tattatt alith ate,. tha batta at ath abltt at tha ptataata ot Ith ataat, batl that -atId aid at, aithdradta Th, p-patte tttti at o ath alittlat datbt apt~-le Lt a etap atati. ataatt I it tthapat.day. aTha, SatkatVattat ata a-at tiaaafdtatai ita7. ta1401a, thi Statk,t Satatlata -at tatad. Ala e~~ -,h tha.thIi.,th, attttaih atatyftatata hattaavatad -hata ae a, atataega bitt, at tathttga' 1bat it Ia a.Id th at thit btat a-a8th ftititi.that atada a hat~iatt at atattiatiag tad h.l~ h ofihalIagaiatpat bata at tatatat at -a alit a,tato..a-h~ ~epatad oalyhabyfaaaaataat,aathaeiagaaa~bt ato at B. ofattatatta,.tablth lhd Lt 161a, tata hta ot baith ~. tad bit tt aad a, ta tIata baa,. Thu. btat, litt attaip alt at data, atatta, tlippad tad plaggaf taa, at tat, at I-tatat tat at- at aah a t ae a aa-a d aL a ataa ad a,d a taatT, he a aa tdy ga a a a a d aap t a at ta.tdf. thtat Tatitt, athta atata apaa-g itau talattapa thatatah.tta S aa apa, at a a ataa ath b a I apa a atfa1 aga ata aa aat a ga a aLeat, ad aLt t-t a.fe atwide, italtat La ahapiatg tb da~ttlaita at pie aa'tt694athaaa.ko atbgittat at- aabliahad, aa that, tat battiag taattttttiattLalhta —,,Id eq-1attaLtttali ataaagaa.taaaattataaaa The -c....tho~z~dit Itt0. Itat, ata a atal1 aga~tt athab ate-I.o ath, ttIhaq-ta bat it ta~d, t, it atagata, athileat,ltL h taaatafaIaaltatiagaotasaadathaa aaptataaaaa,bhaa baa,, thatgattaipel thatagh etatattdiaaapiee17 IttLaalaitattdibthhttheftatagttiitedhab.kiaith 'U.tid ht~ta had it.t abai L thatata-tiat at a bathiag atattap. a itahaat abtatatI d~ata tth, 1ttt0habyaae iti-.aaaatPhladatptia,aa.dtfaataataahub taaaa taatala J.d — t2, afthat ta-t pata tat attatatE ato thatpp,... ~t..T y a, t- d atpaptatat ahaItita tat gatatd ta tat Utah at N.tatua hA-ttt-tthPhiltdtltht, tat1l84tha t~ta af t iaataataaa-aaaalad tall, albdthatg it had blat daitta baaiaaaaa-aa la,8d, taidat -tat a at ait aait dIa.a a aby Alt a... da, a U alt.aaa. Mata a f thtata itiatitattiat tat atilla Uatiadhttaat'aaagaataiivattti.Ttaaa.atattia alatat. TatB.,:o h Uaaaadat.taIa - ttdtthahztbtaL. 71 h d, ftetIk-. db tad oidL 14 that hatata atibatat tall86, tha NaaaTYaa-.. w Stat tatatt adoptad -td it tail alit Natitata 13..kBtaaae tatataataathaT..yDp-aat-~atta w aaataataad,itlia if fl pattad pahavidiig tat a tat pap, a.ta. tat at.taet at tat atatta at blt,, b.aktta..ed farpai-tilatiai,.d atahiag aaaaaattaatl. f tittaal baaha That had tha aifaeti at ltattat tat litata hatatoaittafatiattat a At thattatitatal hatbita yaateatiaaapoaaa at, at Ith, attt effiaietaattad.ttt,. tat, ot it. palataipta Itattaata ttaata thia tat Natlatat batha tat ha tati.3 b. -ttabta at pattata tat tIl. that tat,e Nat ta..that at~do lte attaata tail ha Lttadi Utiltaf litata~ batfa~, atat attatata atatata~tiaaaalatap.yba i-aaaaatatluta 9aapaa aItoftha paaaataaoftht t-tda, Thaaaiaatata.ttattaaaaaataablhtaapaata. thttattdlt~tt tat all pattatat attat tat datita at iiip-tat, tatatata at alit athiblt dabt..adat - aad atapt pa a a the a aa tai. al a —aa aay. aTh. aNU ta a,l ab atilk - tt II qaiatadtata akata a Iarttlit ta that tat a.titataid atto at.. ttat th ab,attaao 1teaaaaaeala byata,~ atalat St~t-wl,, tabattta ta tatap bybth lito tha Slt~tal,th bath, tatI-Ie abaapat.tata StahaadaaaI tat bald l~diid.11y i~be, e..bytad.tatbly, tat alt dabta at althe thb,- -tatatt at tlit tattat af thbaa ataab, it additia.to lth, -.t ~-~ ah~ei.Th, bath, tat tta1,aida, batt,e alth d-attataita at a diatattad, it a-y ahpatho ath1bh tat proftta atfb thatt-diat batf pat, tat. ata~plattaad.tall thaaaataah.11 atatat ttiattap- -at aftthbaapitta; aWd tat,, tad had dabta athat ha fad.pted f-a tat p-attl batfa tat dildeata hi, tatptttaiaai. b th fata a tat attiat..t batla atiat aha11 tail ta lit oo itattalf. atata atat tat whicih tat battat tata.atat. Wihi a that tat that,-atalthta bt tirl ioata It tat baab a,, athat tat tat, Ialit atht al.tbaatt at th blattat if taildattat ha1 hahatatay talt. h itItd It tath -tata that atat ha half 11thl a I thiatt iataidivdt tattilty. taLtbt atpala lth, tat-tata at tat iit-tta, thi ataibia apit.1a I., aa thhldg af a. a —aa1 a atIta I.a-pat tath a- LI a-a aaIda afa t.tail. Al at'. Ith htata, aa Stata.bod a -aaita ata at.tad.hg abaoaaave a Ip a at a ah a a a a, a 1tf atasa I.a atha,t It1, a at abait liaaattla a, ata to th a bk.L.it.tAl Tbf tha taate taahavaaI- Igltatita Staqta h..katt hatati., atg Ibtaa tdlttdth.th a al- ath, pataiata alatbp- atatait tit, althtitlatI.al ThtIatat-, Tha,- pvitat at a tat leitalahaaataabadk a aotiItidattattldth it b atathad af aaga'aiag td atata by-aiaa State tak..d alit-,latat tiattati. sttada,,, tad tallabillip afteei.i tiii.. Iffit I~eit..tha tIt tafta~! atbiat htbap titI. CLEAR/INO HOUSE. 61Ut C1aaaiag-Ua —e ha that that, that,, tba atabatat afthat haa ta taft tati.tha talat itittal, at ibthta-d. Thatalatatag-hat tat —.It ta tail iataafaaa itau Ithttafatuap lip tat liatala at thacty atNaa aa atailgttaaattat.tdat alit tt fa ith NI-t', Uhataatai ha,, atatat tatatataata pet-taiata ap3t it, 1853t At that lti, it tatalatafatf ttty-tatahaata,hat tivaat thaataeaa saaaa1aaed batatatat ahli a i.a' bltity ata a ata aiIaaat. -qata aa-a t a, aCa a-a g U a-a h pa t ai.a abaa aa adk.. that t a lt tlltIa- ot taa-th1 d~'a battatat taep hy baa:., hL. t, v.i. -that data itibp athat batt. It i., La like it -Iftte daebt, at taha, batta, thaiaa tatat datalag tha fat -aat-ad it billa ala a- hlatat, tataa phI.., a. a ah b aa i, a aI~ a pata aiaa.g at a -k a ap it,, bills..d hbtkh attatIta~d at aba dablathataha 'atattattahl bl. hp.-l-td palatal it ata.If, attlal httatd a.ty tahapta, e~ o tlit tia-ttag-hataptaat, Itatagh thahthat attl-ataal tat-tpleaaLaathaaad atfaada.a atafat. afiatata,-g atit -lt -.tf baahtaaa-iagaa.daatgpaa,titaa.bltd thahaak.byhpatIad tha tallttaigth-,atahathaahLatiataaafaIete-tataatadtaaaatai paa.i,! Ihdath batatag tba atata tad atathat o ath aba..E a ia v. aaaataaa aaaa ataaaiiat g, at a tha.. aate fIa hatlteheatt, byp twot ataitataaa t aaaga a-th. b aiag wia th h a ai-a tha a aah a, at aafa, at. at, hi 'atatah. gat, tad thatg tat ataata tha.. ptath tb.h Lha Iapahpta.. Uth, -tatatada oftaI atathapa tat alip at thiata.- atiiatad atae a- a a t- if thaI l a- aai h a iteat- atihIa it a ta Tha at- aa ag-a ataa h thei aIa pta a a aLt a taaaa. Iii a a a~id the a ta ao o adin, a aah aapaa ai aatat ate tilt a aigald tatbi hi. i., athil at taph fatta ia a ahab wtil ht a.ti~ alit aaatt ot.ll thaba hali Lath, Itata atfat- tatha datha, tilth alit ggat lav.. oth, batat ta.d f-a atati~gth b taattaget Itatatageia taha, taut p.aitl. aad I.l.atha hataaataaadaa. Ataahaig ttahth a eliagaaafaaeat a ae~ei a-vaa a taa ta h,d ao tha. dEa a a Iaat ai a a a aad Idafelaiv btahe a at-4a tha altat t that daah, ltagthepattith t ptuitad list at tat blitahaL tha attfe,a wth thihaaataatatopposite I.Ihhb.. Thaa1laafaaaaivatapitaiaaa ata aad a it hto tha a wtaaaaaaaa tho a I t adtiaataly pa a-a a a atI ata aaa ta ataaatettaaaa aaaa th'tth at a. ata a ti h, h.a a atadf a a aatplaeta Iia- aiii tad ba agaia tahad alit data at hi. at bath -tb, ataptiatg tahalAll ah tha I -.ats a aa aa a t vai ag ii atIha a t t aaa h a at a ea a a h..t a, byp attat.te!, bath ta-~d atliattaf It atab taytphiai lia bath hatd f.itaI, Iat a ag a a aaeipt f-aa th aaaa a. at aaaltaa th a- ati- a a ah aba a baa atatitad allath, atahata, that vattap athbt b-kth td gtai.tait. Thit a, aahia a a ablt- ate b a t a a a a t aaa - tha p a.e bala a at alaa aI g ia a itathaa hatba1tha~ek -lt, alyt ItI, atatt that lhab, I atatai dat I hat.h att iaI apa i t b I.h b h- wiha at,aaa i aow bath abaI a aI. ati a f aa ta a tht ahatatag ha,,,, that at -ta tattliag tha atatatat batatata. athab aba ha. T ha t ittaaaa it. 1Pvd pdI-tai a a~ a aadaha at t a al a t taa aati aea, a t a, I -1 E.teed —,di.a to A,_t of C talsiata ab ypat 18t94i fat. A. OGtat ta to.,a tha offite at at, Liblitataa at Cata~ea, a t Wthhah~ta..a Ut.

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