Standard atlas of Grand Traverse County, Michigan : including a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the county...patrons directory, reference business directory...
Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

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Page  [unnumbered] 7935 Bentley. Historical Library The University of Michigan ~ Ann Arbor Rebound through the generosity of Marguerite N. Lambert

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Page  3 %Wý "WMA III" ,_..., UI -_.k ".'; ':::. O F TH E.,. ý7 7E ft VLLAGES, iTIES AN D TO WNSHIPS OF -^^g MAcP. &R^ Th~~ &TA^h, cU#WTteB^ SmtwsE& AsNc&Patrons Directory, Reference Business Directc Sdevoted to General Informati(; "ANALYSIS oF THE SYSTEM OF U.S. LAND SURVEY! SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, ETC. IL2& V1 LLG ES I T E 5Al".. T .,,........ -0 1 ti I I i j i ii I t i 1 - - -. - - -.,. THE 0UNT-Y. )ry and Departments Dn. 5, DI.GEST OF THE ETC. C)_ S'-"'. 1534 VANBUREN ST. C HIGAGO. - - C)

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Page  5 j. TABLE. ý-OF. CONTENTS GENERfXL INDEX. PAGE TITLE PA GE........................................................... 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS.....................................................5 OUTLINE MIAP OF GRAND TRAVERSE COUNTY....................... 7 MAP OF THE STATE,OF MICHIGAN..............................w8...70-71 MIAP OF THE UNITED STATES.......................................74-75 MAP OF THE WORLD..................................................v......78-79 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY OF GRAND TRAVERSE COUNTY.81 IL.LUSTRATIONS....................................................... 85 PAGE ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS,............................................... Supplem ent I-IL DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT...Supplement III-Vl GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS........................ a.........Supplement VII-VIII ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY, CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED.................... Supplement X-XXII ORfMND TRfAVERSE GOUNTY INDEX. PAGE ACME, PLAT OF-.----------------------------30 ACME TOWNSHIP..................------------- ---51 BLACKWOOD, PLAT OF----...-------------------31 BLAIR TOWNSHIP------- ----------------------.59 DIAMOND PARK, PLAT OF--------------------35 DUCK LAKE PARK, PLAT OF------------------34 EAST BAY, PLAT OF.--------------------------26-27 EAST BAY TOWNSHIP----------------------49 ENLARGED PLAT OF THE N. A OF THE S. W. A SEC. 4, GARFIELD TOWNSHIP--------------__30 FIFE LAKE, PLAT OF ----------------------22-23 FIFE LAKE TOWNSHIP ------------------------37 GARFIELD TOWNSHIP--------- ----------61 GRAND TRAVERSE COUNTY, OUTLINE MAP OF...7 GRANT TOWNSHIP.--..----- - - -63 GRAWN STATION, PLAT OF--. 31 GREEN LAKE TOWNSHIP------------.65 INTERLOCHEN, PLAT OF----------------------27 KARLIN, PLAT OF---------------------------35 KINGSLEY, PLAT OF -------------------------23 KRATOCHVIL'S PLAT---------- ---------------l LAKESIDE RESORT, PLAT OF------------------30 LONG LAKE TOWNSHIP--- ----------- 67 PAGE MABEL POST OFFICE, PLAT OF ------------42 MAYFIELD, PLAT OF-------------------------47 MAYFIELD TOWNSHIP---- --- -----57 MONROE CENTER, PLAT OF-------------------35 NE-AH-TA-WANTA, PLAT OF --------------. 34-35 OLD MISSION, PLAT OF--------------------26-27 PARADISE, PLAT OF-..-----------. ------------23 PARADISE TOWNSHIP----------------------46-47 PENINSULA RESORT, PLAT OF----------------34 PENINSULA TOWNSHIP---- ----------------54-55 SUMMIT CITY, PLAT OF --------------------30-31 TRAVERSE CITY, PLAT OFWEST PART OF------- ------------------10-11 MIDDLE PART OF --------------------14-15 EAST PART OF------------------------18-19 TRAVERSE POINT, PLAT OF----------------34-35 UNION TOWNSHIP---. ----- ----39 WALTON, PLAT OF---------------------------31 WEXFORD CORNERS, PLAT OF--. ----- ---47 WHITEWATER TOWNSHIP------------------.42-43 WILLIAMSBURG, PLAT OF------------------- 30-31 WYLIE, PLAT OF-------------------------35

Page  6 -i INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE Albright, Mr. and Mrs. A. J............... 89 Asylum at Grand Traverse City...........93 Auyer, Mr. and Mrs. WV. I...................87 Ayers, WV. L., Res. of.......................91 Baird, XV. M., Farm Scene.................91 Barratt, Mr. and Mrs. Augustus.........87 Benson, B. A., Res. of......................91 Benson, 0. J., Res. of......................91 Bent Beach Farm...............................93 Boardman Ave. School, Traverse City..85 Bracebridge, W. X...........................89 Brakel, William.................................87 Brigham, G. A...................................93 Brust, A. G., Store of........................91 Bunce, C. WI., Res. of........................85 Cass and Front Streets, Traverse City..85 Champion, E. E., Res. of...................91 Cleveland, L. K................................87 Cook, C. WI., Res. of.......................91 CoX, Edward.....................................87 Cox, U psall......................................89 Crisp, George tL...............................89 Court House, Traverse City................ 85 Curtis, Ashley B...............................87 Davis, Henry E..................................89 Dean, Mr. and Mrs. Chas....................89 Degraw, G. E., Res; of.....................85 Dixon, NV. H.................................... 89 Dixon, WI. H., Res. of........................93 D unn,. W esley.....................................87 Duryea, Mr. and Mrs. E.................89 Elk Rapids Savings Bank, ElkRapids..85 Fouch, Perry...................................91 PAGE Front Street, Traverse City................91 Gietzen, Theo., Res. of.....................85 Gilmore, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew......... 89 Hamlin, F. M. and Family.................89 Hartline, Tapp..................................89 Heim, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.....................87 Heim, IWmn., Farm Scene.....................93 H illiker, J. W...................................87 Hoch, Edward S...............................89 H odges, G.-..................................87 Kennedy, John, Res. of................91 K ratochvil, Frank.............................93 Kratochvil, WVencil and Family........... 89 Kratochlvil, William.................... 89 Kreiser, Mrs. N., Res. of..................91 Kreiser, Ralph, Res. of.....................91 ILadd, Em mor 0................................89 Lardie, P. F....................................89 Lardie, P. F., Res. of........................91 Linderman, E. Y.............................. 87 McCombs, John H.............................89 Mclntire, Mr. and Mrs. Archie...........89 MIanville, Chas. E..............................87 M oore, E. A......................................89 Moore, Mirs. E. A..........................89 M oore, Elaire.....................................89 M oore, M. T................................. 89 Moran, Thomas................................. 87 Moran, Thos., Res. of.......................85 Muehling, ir. and Sirs. Baltzar......... 87 Nelson, C. F. 0...............................89 Newcomb, ID. B................................ 87 PAGE Pahl, Peter................................. 93 Pahl, Peter, Res. of.....................85 Porter, C. L....................................... 89 Pray, A. S., Res. of........................... 85 Pray, Thos. I., Res. of.....................93 Public Library, Traverse City...............85 Ramsey, Mr. and Mrs. Willis D.........87 Ramnisey, Willis D., View.................93 Rickerdl, Mr. and Mrs. Layfayette C...87 Runk, Sir. and Mrs. James MI............93 Runk, James Mi., Honime of.................93 Saunders, Abe...............................87 Shearer, G ena A..................................89 Skinner, Fred W................................87 Sours, Frank E., Res. of......................91 So rs, Lowell, Res. of........................91 Sours School House...........................93 Sprague, E. L. [deceased].....................8 Stites, Kossuth, Res. of........................8S Stockfisch, Walter..............................89 Umlor, Eugene................................... 93 Wagner, Jacob, Res. of.....................91,Vaterman, E. P..............................87 Weaver, Samuel W............................91 WVeber, Christ., Res. of.....................85 Weber, Joseph, Res. of.....................91 Weber, Peter, Res. of........................85 Wilhelm Building, Traverse City...... 83 Wilson, Sir. and Mrs. R. A................87 W\ilson, R. A. and Pets......................93 WVorden, W. A.........................87 Zoulek, Antoine..................9..............-.* ^

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Title: Outline Map of Grand Traverse County Michigan Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; East Arm of West Traverse Bay; Long Lake; Garfield; Acme; Whitewater; East Bay; Green Lake; Blair; Union; Paradise; Grant; Mayfield; Fife Lake; Mission Point Lighthouse; Old Mission; Old Mission Point; Cem.; School; Church; School; Donn Dock; School; Town Hall; Church; Cem.; Church; Ne-ah-ta-wanta; Traverse Point; Bowers Harbor; Bassett LSD; Marion LSD; Willow Point; Antrim Co.; Petoreco Pond; Petobego Lake; School; Church; School. Cem; School; Church; Church; Yuba Creek; Elk Lake; Round Lake; Edgewood; School; School; Acme; Acme P.O.; Pere Marquette R.R.; Rates P.O.; Williamsburg; School; School; Marel P.O.; Leelanua; School; School; School; School; Traverse City; Cain; East Bay; Mill Pond; Roardman Lake; Northern Michigan Aryham; School; Cedar Lake; School; Coffield Lake; Twin Lake; Fern Lake; Clows Lake; Long Lake; School; Lyon Lake; Bellow Lake; Little Lake; Paige Lake; School; School; Boardman River; Root Lake; Dy Lake; Kratochvils Plat; Church; School; School; Church; School; School; Town Hall; Bass Lake; Silver Lake; High Lake; Vanderlip Lake; Mud Lake; Keystone; Beitners; Grand; School; School; Chandle Lake; Spider Lake; Muncy Lake, Island Lake; Rennie Lake; Cedar Hedge Lake; Round Lake; School; Ellis Lake; Yonker Lake; Blackwood; Grawn Sta. & P.O.; School; Beitner Cr.; School; School; Crooked or Hogback Lake; Spring Lake; Cem.; Tuller Lake; Interlochin; Tonawanda Lake; Mild Lake; Cem.; Church; School; Town Hall; Slights; Boardman Rapids; School; Carpenter Cr.; School; Wylie; Duck Lake; Twenty Two Cr.; Diamond Park; Green Lake; Peninsula Resort; Jaxon Cr.; Manistree & Northea. Stern; Lake Side Resort; Monroe Center, P.O.; School; Cem.; School; Parker Cr. Dowen Lake; School; School; Church; School; Pond; Swain Stort Cr.; School. Grand Rapids Indiana R.R.; Mud L.; Karlin; School; Cem.; Church; Cem.; School; School; Cem.; Cem.; Church; Fife Lake; Fife Lake; Twin Mountain; Chuch; School; School; Town Hall; Town Hall; Church; School; School; School; Cem.; School; Summit City; School; Pickerel Lake; Benzie Co.; Cem.; Church; School; Church; School; Holmer Siding; Mud Lake; Kalkaska Co.; Wexford Co.; School; Wexford Corners; School; School; School; Cranberry Marsh; Walton; -
6czY~eK: /IY20~ \.to\ 1 Co. jAZjav. Oc' gc cL jJ II 2 [ 12 LrEELJAUC0T h 002 JL rý S 10 =1 ~ L Sob Li 12 I - v6 14,12192Z~ 404 1 lIre, 20 29 -122 ow2 7 BO ~ SZ ~cem rumT c ]01 -Mo'321 3 ori ] i/ z qJ - 6 4 8 2 7 S 5 ih~oI Lhroil. q. ___ toe164 ~:1 __20001,CfIJ53 a a-, 1 3L -76 15 4.1 ] s ___ __ __ __ -n1~j;: 00 2 24 j _ _it_ I I ( I~1rn 3c 2 ~ ~mt~L~Ch~ 25 80 26 812 __J7_ _ n__0fooct.:z 2 g4 j 36?sl N N 0 C~ZJ N A 32 31 '008 3A 85 fl Yl narw I 3$ ý135 45( 82 I so St A 36.7 - 31 32 inn arsl.i. S 36c ____I J1_____I Izz cztn~~z"1 r'.2.v.I ___ Ljel~ooi. P _____ ___________ - nfl I I wrxruwQR u1j. -P. 70 T4r.

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Title: West Part of Traverse City Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Grand Traverse Bay (West Arm); Leelanaw Co.; County Line Road; R. Abbot; F Bennell; Nye Jordan; Chas Cole; Ramsdell St.; J.T Hannah Est.; Hannah & Lay; T.D McManus; Gov't Lake; Willow St; L. Hansen; L. Hansen; Parmenter; J. Wright; C.K Buck Est.; Hill St.; Manistee & Northeastern R.R & G.R. & I.R.R.; Gov't Lot; Traverse City; Motor Boat Co.; S.C Darrow; L. Eleece; Katnarine Sleder; Taylor Coal Co.; B.D. Ashton; Marg't P. Ashton; First Ave.; Greilick Co.; Hannah, Lay & Co.; Office; Northwestern Ave.; Wayne St.; Cypress St.; L.M. Whittacer; E.J. Cook; J. Koenig; Wm. Irwin; W.C. Wells; Goodrich's; R. Fuller Est.; W.R. Foote; E.W Hasting; Second Ave; A. Sheffer; P. Sherman; J.A. Cook; Goodrich's Add; M.R.N.E; Engine House; Randolph St.; Haviland; Jefferson Ave.; Fulton St.; Elmwood Ave School; School; Lot; Church; Goodrich's Sub; Starch Factory; Water Works; Eectric Light Plants; Musselman; Grocery Co. Grand Rapids & Indiana R.R.; Coal Dock; Steamboat Dock; Union St.; Bay St. Barker St. Gov't Lot; T. C. Lumber Co.; Caldwell &Loudon; Saw Mill; Shingle Mill; Northwestern Ave; E.F Pratt; H.C. Davis; W.E. DeGraw; N.E DeGraw; E.H. Smith; W.C Gannett; Sophia Wright; Mrs. A.L Haviland; Nellie A. Rogers. W. Girhoff; F. Sentrick; C. Soelicker; R.W Hitchcock; M. Deboll; B. Belmar; Char. Rankie; E.C Crandoll; M. Deboll; Thos German; E.S. Pratt; F. R Goodrich; H.A Doly; W.C Monis; G. Thompson; Jas Conners; A. Moulton; G. Hertner; F. Fraelich; E. Bowen; T. Michell; B. Belknap; A. Larson; R. Byers; B. Belknap; Thayer St.; Front St.; Hannah, Lay & Co. 1st Sub; Third St.; Hannah, Lay & Co's 10th Add; Gillis St.; Pere Marquette R.R.; Hannah, Lay & Co's 11th Add; Gas Plant; Garland St.; Northwestern Ave; Manistee & NE R.R; Boardman River; Hannah, Lay & Co's 5th Sub; Hannah, Lay & Co's Lot; Hannah, Lay & Co's 2nd Sub; Beadle Bl; Munson Bl; Eagle T.C. State Bank; H.L. Mercantile Co. City; Opera Hall; Hotel Whiting; M.J. Gannet; F. Goodrich; E. Stanley; Dell Jobbelt; O.V Chance; Jas Cara; Maud I. Neat; B. Merry; R. Kirner; I. Plautner; I. Plautner; Peter Smith; John Lautner; Pine St.; Original Town; H.L & Co's 4th Sub; V & A Petertyl; State St.; Post Office; Cass St.; Madison St. Church; Sixth Ave; Monroe St; Lay Park Add; Spruce St.; Pere Marquette R.R.; Railroad House; Grist Mall; H.L. & Co. Depot; Traverse City Inn; Lake Ave. Shilson & Barzina; T.C Iron Works; Shilson House; Public School High School; Lot; Steward Res.; State of Michigan (Asylum); E.E. Moore; Eighth St. Ninth St.; Perry Hannah's 3rd Add; Church; Perry Hannah's 2 Add; Hannah, Lay & Co's; St. Dominick Convent Church; St. Dominick School; Tenth St.; Eleventh St.; Perry Hannah's; Res. of Asst. Supt; Cottage; Northern Michigan Asylum; Cottage; Cottage; Cottage; Twelfth St.; Thirteenth St.; Perry Hannah's 5th Add; Wadsworth Hall; Oak St.; School; Hannah, Lay & Co's; Hannah, Lay & Co's; Griffin St.; lst Fourteenth St.; Fourteenth St.; Fernwood Chapel; C.H Prichy; J.J Dunn; C. Rackard Est.; A.A. Gibbs; P.Kyselkal; L. Henderson; C.L Barrett; W.O Jury; Smith Realty Co.; H. Lewis; A.M. Eldred; Mrs. Seymour; Hannah, Lay & Co's Fernwoodadt; Oscar Simpson; Rennie Road; Stephen T. Hill; G.A. Smith; Maple Ave; Elmwood Ave.; Newaygo St.; Geo. W.Raff's Add; Griffin & Winnie's Add; W.E Gannet; State of Michigan (Asylum); Fifteenth St.; J.E. Grelich Co.; F.M Thomas; E. J Linderman; N. Younglas; H. Ennis. H. Brittin; E. Ridge; Willhelm's Add; Fernwood; Sixteenth St.; Lot; Sol. Kratter; F.B. Gannett; Wm. Gordon; Homer Ennis; Grinnell Bros.; S.T. Horon; Frank Helm; Pine St. Seventeenth St.; Bohemia St.; Stee;e & Spencer's Add; B.J Morgan; J.E. Greilick, Est.; Mary Boughey; H.F. Boughy; Fred Boughey; Jennie E. Boughey; H.F, Fred & Q.E. Boughey Est.; Hannah, Lay & Co.; E.L Ransom; E.L. Ransom; G. Frank; Jos. Zimmerman; W.D. Younker; J.J. Twedale -
.' **.- *:- ^--i- -- -*^-T- '. C5- ' ^'-^^ T l p __ ^.,.. ~, * __* ____________________ - __^ _._ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^__^,,,, ~ ~__ _ _' ___________ ~~~~~~ _____,,*.-, __ __ _.._~_.__________~ ______,___________________________________* g<(nS ^ ^ * - -g?_______ -______ //. - -^/ 7X ^^ / / / ^/ / //// //// //// ^f l4 p ~ ~ -/V oLaS | ^ ^. ^^f?"!;^!! "g ^"-^ ^r?"? -e r w- - r y 7 * "y ^ r r"" -~- B? - 6? ^,9.^ s ^^ i^C=-~ t r9 ~ Z ^ ^ "g -' // /^// /^ / '^ /^ ^/ / y / / // / //^y / / / * ^ [~:*;^ > ^::^- ^ ^: ~- ^^ '* S ^^: ^'^^ -^ / ^S ^ - - ' - i'~ %*- ^ ^ ^?. a^ ^ ^ -.^ ^*Ul EMMA^ ~ ^ ^ - - ^i= --v - ~ % '-T ^ ' ^e '- ~ ~ ~" ^- *-"? ~ r ^ = -T ^^.^c // / // /X///// ^^y/ ^ -- p - -o ^ - ^ - -S=; ^::'- ^ g-r==^ PS|--- - -L:::::i^ ^^ ^-*::g::z^_j_ ^ -^::^:=:t, ~ r--.4^^ __ ^":c '- _ / / ^ ^/ / '/ / // j/ / / 1 / // // // \ ^ / / '^ s i s; s? ' >t( ' s c s -'" \ w^ ~ s i s '<' ^ - s T9 7 r^ -' ~ s s s s a,V. ~ -<- ": " '.*; i^_ ''^/f//^ /^ ^^^^ y ^' af.(/_ - ^ ^"^- " -^^^, - -A^2 9a -T _ - ^^ ^^.^~ j. is^ LL.'t: \T ' -^ ^ ^ y / / / ^ '' '/ / ' / / / y / / / ^*^MLS " o S i ^ g s g a ^ o i S i ~ ~ j! <. ^ S ^ w i - Q - ~ ' s ^ s a ^ ' w. ^ - - s c st ~ '^ '^: - w\..^ ^. \'f

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Title: Middle Part of Traverse City Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Grand Traverse Bay (West Arm); Boardman River; Boardman Lake; Docks; Gov't L.; T.C. Lumber Co.; Gov't Lot; Gov't Lot; Wequeong; Club House; Grand Rapids Indiana R.R.; 2nd Bayside Add; City Park; C. Miller Est.; Peninsula St.; Depot; Keeney's Warenous Seed; Ladies Library; Hanna, Lay & Co's 3rd Sub; National Hotel; Steinberg's Opera House; Front St.; Occidental Hotel; 1st Nat'l Bank; Hamilton & Milliken; Front St. House; Railroad Grounds; Engine House; State St.; State St. School; Grover Park; Peninsula Ave.; Edna Park; Ado Burner; State Road; Gilbert St.; Grange Hall; Cass St.; Washinton St.; Church; Church; Park St. Annex; Court St.; Public Grounds; County Offices & Jail; Hebrew Synagogue; A. W. Wait Steam Cabinet Shop Webster St.; Boardman Ave. School; Steam Carpet Work and Potato Planter Fact'y; Lake Ave; East Eighth St.; Eighth St.; P.M.R.R.; Boardman Ave.; Hannah, & Lay Co's 5th Add; Adsit's Add; Church; School; Oak Park; Prospect Ave.; Michigan Ave.; Walnut St.; Ninth St.; Tenth St.; Hannah, Lay & Co's Add; W.E. William Co.; Basket Factory; Hannah, Lay & Co's 8th Add; Wellington Ave.; Franklin Ave.; Elm St.; Office; Oral Wood Dish Co.; Wells Hioman; Grove St.; Beitner St.; Wm Beitner; Office; Chair Works; Pere Marquette R.R.; Lincoln St.; Oak Heights; Sarfield Ave.; Fern St.; Elijah Mill's Add; Boyd Ave; Rose St.; Bates St.; Grant St..; Hannah, Lay & Co's 2nd Add. Twelfth St.; Thirteenth St.; Engine House; Engine House Lot; Tank; Valley St.; Mail St. or Hannah Ave. Lot 2 Hannah, Lay & Co.; Hannah, Lay & Co's 13th Add; Kelley Ave.; W.R. Stinchcomb; C. Felt; Cas. H. Wilcox; M.L. Park; W.E. Moon; Wm. Stackings; T.J. Umlor; M. Umlor; F. Cowels; F. King; W.G. Spaulding; E.H. Day; G.B. Donnelly. E. Pervis; Rose O'Day; Barlow Farm Add; Woodmrer Ave.; Center St.; Fourteenth St.; Race St.; Fifteenth St.; 16th St.; Wilhelm's Add; Lot 2; Lot 3 Oral Wood Dish Co.; Grand Rapids & Indiana R.R.; Oren Empey; E. Hickman; School; George Barlow; O.P Carver; Boon & Anthony's Add; Steele Spencer's Add; 17th St.; Lot 4 Hannah, Lay & Co.; Hannah, Lay & Co's 16th Add; Railroad Yards; Carver St.; Barbara Scott; D.E. Wright; Geo. Barber; Joseph Boon; State Road; Baldwin St.; Hannah, Lay & Co.; Hannah, Lay & Co.; Railroad Ave.; Hannah, Lay & Co's 15th Add; Crawford St.; Barlow St.; Premier St.; Wm. Beitner; Hannah, Lay & Co.; F. Frederick -
Z2 C6 -9,3...................... 4 IPO....................................................... loý

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Title: East Part of Traverse City Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Grand Traverse Bay (West Arm); Grand Traverse Bay (East Arm); City Cemetary; Howard, Est.; E.S. Pratt; F. Brosch; J.D. Billings; M.F. Haskell; Gov't Lot; Frank Brosch; F. Kratochvil; Emily Billings; Bertah Brady; Gov't Lot; Henry Zeigler; Charles Passmore; Brosch St.; Mitchell St.; Leon Titus; F. Birdsall; Henderson & Hunt; Gov't Lot 2; City Park; Peninsula St.; L.G. Bryant; S.F. Saxton; Birchwood Add; Thompson Ave.; State Road; Front St.; E. Adcock; Bissell; A.P. Gray; W.B Cleveland; S. Burnett; Barrett; W.B Cleveland; E.M. Totten; O. Richards; Anderson Bros.; E.R. McCay; Lina E. Bryant; Bryant St.; Gov't Lot; Hans; Fast Bay Park; D.E Wyncoop; Trimmer; State St.; City Park; L.G Bryant; Chas. Bryant; Muson Ave.; Beadle Ave.; Grand Traverse Agricultural Ass'n; Fair Grounds; Driving Park; Grinnell; Titus Ave.; Fair St.; Cochlin St.; Bayside Add; Foster & Crotser's Add; Hamilton St.; Davis St.; Geo. R. Brown; Chas. Bryant; Edna St. Washington St.; Walnut St.; Charlie St.; Archie St.; Kezfs Mokesa; Bay St.; Eighth St.; Garfield Ave.; Egbert F. Ferris Sub of O. Add; Oakland Ave.; Hebrew Cemetary; Catholic Cemetary; J.K. Agnew; Geo. Newton; Wm. Mitchell; Thorton Mitchell; Ah-go-sa Resort; Perry St.; Mitchell St.; Bay Boul.; Mahan St; Gov't Lot; Hannah Ave.; City Cemetary; Traverse City; East Bay Lumber Co.; Geo. Loucks; Pere Marquette R.R.; Smith (Vacated) St.; Steele St.; Centre St.; South St.; Hannah, Lay & Co.; Wm Mitchell & J.E. Mahan; Charles Parks; State St.; Hastings St.; Plain St. J.W Milliken; Mrs. A. L. Land; C.M Parker; Mrs. A.L Land; Wm. Mitchell -
_ 1 __, _. - ^- ^. - ^ ^ _ -. ^ -^ - * -^ ^. / _ ~ ~.. ~ *;.:......~ -. - - -*.,map"& ** i ^. fc ^ jf^ ^ >~ ~ w y ----^./ / 0 L-!---U^" ---_ iiS t a^ "-_ _>i^/. n*o ^-7 *-A ^ ^^ ^; ^ *~ f '^ ^ S^-^^^J' ^ ^.>>.^r v~j-^ *t. s' S tg -r-? * S s _ -T "T ^;A y Z<? ^ 7^ *vi~ *IQ>/ ^ ^ ^'--, ' I3.3^^ ^ ~:. S 3.^ /^ 4 /. ^.^ ^ "-^ 'I~, -^____ - _ _ s. ".. s w y ~ "W /^ / / t to ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ b C^ \- 1----F.r ~ fnrTpnFIR"7- - - - - ^ Vj r{ ^tt^. ''s, \k. ^ol-_ (> tt 'o t> Hi '0 _ _^ J / f------------------------66-------------S-1/ /Sirs Af ^^S^A 7 a5 ^ ~ - "T T ^ *" UmV- \j rs '^ T ^ -- 0 ~ s / ig^ O*MS ORA" 10-916m ^ -^: m. /Q 6< > op--- -^ -i ^ baos 09o^ /

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Title: Fife Lake, Fife Lake Twp.: Kingsley, Platted as Paradise, Paradise Twp. Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Kingsley Platted as Paradise, Paradise Twp.; Fife Lake; Fife Lake Twp; John Hamilton; John Battonfield; F. Crothers; Cemetary; Jno. Burkholder; Ida Colborn; Melvina Anderson; J.H. Lake; F. Crothers; Cemetry; D. Blue; Bernstien; W. Brower; W. Wiley; Lyle & Wagner; Dan McAlley; Oak St. Front St.; M.E.Church; Pine St.; Maple St.; A.O. Blue; G.E. Hodges; D. Hodge; C. Edgett; A.O. Blue; G.E Hodges; Main St.; Dennis Bros.; St. Aloyisus Roman-Cath. Church; Cemetary; Peter Peterson; Central St.; High School; Fife Lake Lumber Coscadd; H.L. LaBar; Morgan St.; North 10; F.C. Thurston; Original Town; Bates St.; Seventh St.; Sixth St.; Merrett St.; Clara St.; Janet St.; Depot; Grand Rapids Indiana R.R.; Clymene St.; State Road; Rebecca St.; Elizabeth St.; Thomas St.; Martha St.; Eckenfels & Bonnell's Add to Fife Lake; Cedar St.; Anthony St.; Center St.; J. Conlin; L. Palmiter; E.A. Hornkohlf; Seventh St.; F.C. Thurston; Sixth St.; Jas. Clarke; Fourth St.; Fifth St.; Howard St.; Third St.; D. Fenton; N. Main St.; Assessors Lots; Blair St. Columbus St.; Elm St.; To Be Public Schoolland; Dunn's Saw Mill; Wyncoop's Ist Add to Paradise; Paradise; Edward St.; Assessor's Block Lots; Public Schoolland; Post Office; Fire Dep.; Town Hall; Lots; A.B. Stinson; Lake St.; Third St.; Second St.; Jas. Sewell; First St. Shelby St.; Pierce St.; F. Wilson; Helen's Isl'd; Florence Isl'd; Pearl St.; S. Main St.; Whipple St.; Ash St.; Dennis St.; Franklin St.; Clark St.; B. Frank Saylor; Lewis St.; George St.; Maple St.; Spring St.; Assessors (not plotted); Lots; Hotel DeFrance; Depot; Brownson Ave.; G.W. Chawfty; Dr. J.J. Brownson; Grand Rapids Indiana Railroad; Mrs. C.R. Nelson; Public Park; Adam Hoeflin; Plat of Kingsley; Cottage St.; Case St.; Madison Ave.; Case & Crotzer -
So 6"4 6.4 SOe~ 6 e. ro e- r 6 f ^"~ ~ $i1to f.'P P.o^ ^ ^ ^^ -o ^ u - *^^^.^^^ --^---^ ^^^^^ y^^ --^^---- - 4^^ (31r3.!^,*-----------^ - - --. 1 ^ 1 5r ^IS~~~~~t^ JS,''' ^ " "~~~* 7 7 W i ^ ^ "- 0" r$ " &^ ~C -^^ S~/. i 'I -. > i T" g ~ L i f I l l.- *. ~t^ ^ a ~ ^I.a g.-.. - - - a -. -, _ _ _, ^ _ _ _.trC4? 1 HI ~~C 40..^ Z:?,.'..... ^ ^^ y ~ 311 ~~ ~ ~ Cl ' '1X t Tjl|||||i|?" II11lrT TI ^||3 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~o.1 44^ M ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^-' ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^-^^^ ^ SK M3/r ^1~~~~~~ W ^.4~5=~:; ^ g.^^ 56=.:?"^ S.-S" l ^ '*< S \, 4^ ^ N--"l--l--^l ~l-!-L bLLLW M-1.1....1.1- M.|.,|.|.|....M LLLLy_______&^ S^ ILI| '~ 3 S^ \ 'N i-'ln r ---- - - - ijr- i|| | * j i| || || |i B I I | | | 1 ~ i' j j - ___ _ _____/ ^^-'CA^ 'C4 ^ ^~lT^'''^-- --sl~i^ -.l~^!i_ Ldi! K,^^o ^ 0 I~~~~~~~~~~~~r~~~~A 'C I Ns " M^i _ J - _ __0_ W-^ --~ ~ -A 17 -1D ^ T ";^ - l> -~^ ~' ~~~* ti _ ) IWO ofs^ ^!^ "^ " -T "" ^ p r"P-N l'''^^^ -- ^^ ^^ril a ~^'<?^ > 3;~s~t;0)^~ vs - "*t ^ ^ d~i.- *~ll- d~l'-'ll- -ll"_^|2 a, _.-... ^ rf " A -MID* S.ijll * ^^^^ 'e- ^-^^^ s irr^0'^?w ^----------------^ 0 E i^E^.Sp l*I fi / / / I / / / / / / / /// ///' // / //// **' i' '7///1 / /// 'i /////1// /&l a-!---------- -.vS -------------.. ^ ^^p > P~ ~ t. ___ __ _ __........... x l l~~ ~ -------------------1 '!

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Page  26-27

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Title: Interlochen, Green Lake Twp.: Old Mission, Peninsula Twp.: East Bay, East Bay Twp. Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Dr. A. Prescott; E.J. Brinkman; Grand St.; Occidental Ave.; Harbor; Grand Ave.; Sylvan Park; Park St; Crescent Ave.; Shadow St.; Maiden Lane; Old Mission; W.D Bagley; Harrison Place; Reserve No. 1; Reserve No. 2; Central Ave; Tompkins Place; Milky Way; Echo Ave; Beach; Reserve No. 3; Old Mission Beach Ass'n; John McPhea; J.B Delbridge; First St.; Second St.; Pine St.; Cedar St.; Traverse St.; Bay St.; Dock Property; Scott Ct.; Steven Ct.; Gibson Ct.; Vaughan Ct.; Hotel Place; Esplanade; Forest Ave.; Phantom Lane; Prospect Ave.; C.W. Leffingwell; Jos. Archer; Dock; Geo. Jerett; M. Reay; Highway; C. Franklin; Cedar Mill; C. Reese; Congregational Church; A.E. Porter; Fract'l Lot. No. 3; Hotel; W.H. Herbert; Geo. Jerrett; Cooper Shop; C. Franklin; M. Reay; W. H. Herbert; East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Old Mission Peninsula Twp; First St.; Second St.; Third St.; H. Terrell; W.N. Laphom; D. Rushmore. Est.; B. Delbrige; North Rail Road; Pere Marquette R.R; South Rail Road; Fifth St.; Sixth St.; P.M. & M & N.E. R. R. Co. Depot; Restaurant; D. Rushmore. Est.; Fract'l Lot No. 4; W.R. Pratt; Cong. Parsonage; R. Dean; M. Fergus; M.E. Church. Parsonage; School; E. Perry; J. Herbert; J.E. Mahan; Bay St.; Blaine St.; Pine St.; School; Mill; Gov't M.A.; Lot No. 2; Pier; Eighth St.; Northeastern R.R.; A. St.; B. St. Commercial Ave.; School; Clarence Martin; P.A DeVol; H.M. Lardie; S. Ostland; School; J. Herbert; W.R. Pratt; H. Lardie; W.R. Stone; Store & Post Office; Lincoln St.; Water Mill; Steam Mill; F.W. Stone; W.R. Stone; Fract'l Lot No. 5; Res.; C. Hoberg; S. Drew; Mrs. A.L. Land; Farmers Produce Warehouse; Lot 1; Wm. Mitchell; Pere Marquette R.R.; Tenth St.; Res; Pennington Drug Store; Grocery Store; Saloon; Meat Market; Hardy Hotel; G.I. Murfin General Store; West Rail Road; East Rail Road; Manistee & Northeastern R.R.; Rest.; O. Burton; Jas. H. Roberts; Th. Mitchell; J.F. Manon; M. Winnie; Mill Pond; Lot 4; Wm. Mitchell; Grand Traverse (East Arm) Bay; West Ave; Artist Ave.; Fashion Ave.; Cathedral Ave.; Bridge Ave.; Blacksmith Shop; Mechanic Ave.; Grand Ave.; East Ave.; Eleventh St. East Bay, East Bay Twp. Florence Waggott; North Add; Seventh St.; Ninth St. ; Original Town; North Add; Lot No. -
r 7'. " -UT _ _-'_1^ ^ '_- - - - - ' ' - r - -- T -Ji- -- ni - * -J - - __.^ L- ^ _-*;. -.. -,--- - - -. -l--: --..,L i. ^. * T u- -.'._ i.^ - - ^..!. A ^ '" ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 6 54 00) 02_* ' _: ^ ' '.. ~/ './- 7 ^ ' - -..,;'- - _\'. - -., ~. -,. ~__________ || ^ _ _ _ __ _ r'Z Z'^ ^ ^ ^- --- _ _ _ _ f_ __^ l. ' '*^ ^^6 67V/M ' ^ ^N i -\^\\ ^^-^ y7\\ P2! 9 A) 45'^ ~ f ^ ^ ^ ^ n '/^ >'r _tf8 __;.-J aiL ^ ^ ^ ^ ^' ^s ' \V**'^ ^1'^ ' - ^ ^Ap ^ Pot. * ^ /^, j \ \ \Y ^y _ /^ ^ ^ ^ */ f.. ^ ^ ^ i ' '' ^ Nn '^ 'u^^"- * - ~~mu* MMEONMf ~ s \ \\ T~ ~~ \ / " ~ T- ^ ^ 7 ^ ^ ^ ^ \ - ^^ ^ ^ ^\ V ^ ^ \^ ___ ___ 1 I -- I -- J ^ <\ H. l \^ \^8 ^ -A -. ^* I - e-~~.-I i --- \ --- i L _-- - -J,L - - I-.._ *. / ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ v ' / ^ b ^ \\^ ^^ \ ')ftaftl^ ^^i * ' ~t ^ ^/ i ^/~i ^*'i'i 'iWi ^ ^- ~' *^ ^ -^/s ls c/ di^ A~vQ J^Sf^S ^$^-::^^^;;::^^^ ^^^:-'^ ^;^ ^^^^\\ l U \\\\\\\\\\12\2i zllI ^1 -' g " -fsl^ --'"'-^^^-'"''-.-.l '' r^^ iL^ ^fr^ ^ -^^^ ^~^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^> A T^T'^ /^ TTA ^~/^~TT\.^ --- - ----- ^2-^.--!^0. -- S^ ^ ^ -t''^^''^^'^" ^< *'*"^W^^ ^^, (?, -..^^^^^^^^^^^^$ A/j/Y fJ/1 i li ^$W^^^^leis Sl ^ ~ *^^~^r^:ZU"- * -^?] ZZ!^ ~j!^ ^ ^^/ ^V\-/^' ^/^ ^^ t r^0? " "^~^-- ~^ ~J I W ' - ~ ~ ~- T - ^ ^ ^ ^ " 1 ^ ^ * s. e n: ^w // \ ^ / ' ^w S ' ^ ^ c W ~ '- -- -- --- ^ - If, - // * ____ ____ ____ _____ o o t -- fS -W, ________ _ ________ _ __ (i y X ^ / / - / iJ " *? / t C ^ -W ' tr r? " '" " fl -'q: US.. / ~\ / / ^. n * ^ / * * /* ' / - /' s * ^ \Y /^/ / " /^^ ^a01 o /-J3:- - - - - - ^_f4 j^^ ^/ sl f se si ~ e s/ -QS -- ^^f~-^ &&-~ -a -- B-^f -- ~^ 1 --fff -^ -I:.. ' ^' s."< /, y -^^Ci~^ A/0 ^ -^ '^^" -7" '7 L < ~O a)I ' /2?p '99 * F y^S * ~-^x ^ '4;.. ^?a ^~ "ii*~^~t ' l \ \/ ^^W <y **^f' r *''^'^^!?^ - _____ - ________ ___ ______ eel^ H '.,., '. > -:F 01 */ ' * - ~ ' ^ * / / ' 7 ^. s,.,..., - " ^*.~ i * _ _ __ ^ _ ^^;Ta_/ / t ~ ~^ ~ 9 ~ V. l l J!^.LS <~~?~f V 9 // _l ~ ~V I 1 a st a ~ ~ ^a *.,: ^ ^~-~ S? ' ^^ - ' " ^?0~r fQ*-! 111 ' j: _____ ' - - ' '__________[_ ___ J~'y ^ _' f *- \ fT '>-^ ^', ^ -^ ^"^ -- ^-- - -- - dg,3fl --------------i-'---------------'^^^ft"^ k*.- ^^----^ _ J______6 "* -13 off.,~ 0 w - ^ a ~, g - - s^r - - - ^ ^ C^ '- '~^ *y^7-7/ /7^ *^ w ^^ ^ ^^ *W *' "'" ^ ^ ^^R -. --- ^ J^ -- c, ----- co ------12/ -wo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ W 660 'd &,14r i ^ ^ ^ ~. ~ j S s -g j 'Hc~. ^ k1..^*JJ^^ ^' s "" ^ * " ^ " / ~SS^\ t M ~ a., ^ * * i - 0 -/jri-of r'fv i'\ *'''*'.. - -- -- ^ i^ -- ~^ ___ 1 w ____.^ -- 2 ': ------ J"______^**^______... J"' I ^ 'y "' ~*-^*7-. w "j--w - '-r- *-, r., 'sr ', i-^ 4t

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Page  30-31

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Title: ACME, Acme Twp.: Lakeside resort, Green lake twp.: Summit City, Paradise Twp.:Williamsburg. Whitewater Twp.: Walton, Fife Lake Twp.: Blackwood, Grawn Station Blair Twp.: Kratochvil's Plat, Garfield Twp.: Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: ACME, Acme Twp.; East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Original Town; Hoxsie's Add; Faust St.; L.S. Hoxsie Est.; L.S.Hoxsie Est.; School; Pearl St.; John Hoxsie; Mill; Woolen Mills; To Elk Rapids; Mrs. Irving Livingston; Commons; M. Hopper; Town Hall; R.B Silver; B. Silver; M. Gilbert; B.E. Thomas; Township Line; To Traverse City; Ames P.O; Lot 1; A.Z. Green; W. Tibbits; John Morris; G. Silver; H. Silver; Al. Rickeri; C. Wells; P.Tibbits; Jno. Stites; M. Stites; Thos. Wells; E.D. Barnes; Louis Herr; Jane Dobson; Geo. Yack; Joseph Schmidt; Summit City Paradise Township; Summit City P.O.; A. E. Pulver; George Weidner; Depot; Grand Rapids & Indiana R.R.; Hiram Wykoff; J.W. Wykoff; Factory St.; Pine Alley; Spruce Alley; Wm. Starbeck; Railroad St.; Factory Alley; Mary Tilotson; Gilchrist’s Add; Park Alley; M. E. Church; Dr. Tedman; Slayton Ave.; Dr. Tedman; Eli Howell; Clarence Geo.; Dr. Tedman; Phillip Miller; J.W. Wilsey; Frank Dean; Taylor Parker; Tecumseh St.; Uena Ave.; Park St.; Tillotson St; Church St.; Bowerman St.; H.T. McLynn; School; River St.; C.L. Porter; Enlarged Plat; Randolph St.; Thos. Mimnaugh; Charles Cressy; Jas. Arnold; E.N. Moble; Wm. Van Epps; E.S. Pratt; Wm. S. Gillette; Jas. Arnold; Everitt Whitney; Chas. G. Sherwood; Geo. W. Cole; C Post & Ida Moore; E. Giadings; E.S. Pratt; Power House; Trout Pond; E.S. Pratt; Front St.; J. Moore; W.C. Gannell; Lakeside Resort, Green Lake Twp.; Green Lake; F. Maynard; Res. of D.W. Connine; D.W. Connine; Green Lake Twp.; Grant Twp.; A. Zyhadink; Williamsburg, Whitewater Twp.; A. Hansley; H. Noteware; F.P. Fox; S.R. Gain; R.D. White; F.E. White; Nelson Perry; Mrs. E Scofield; Pere Marquette R.R.; Sim Vinton; A. Durga; W. Eaves; Spring St.; P.M.R.R; School; E. Hill; Mrs A.W. Eaton; Mrs. Lucy Adams; M.E. Church; U.B. Hobbs; H.L. Hobbs; H.L. Hobbes; Bissell's Trout Hatchery; C.W. Bunee M.D.; Barber Shop & Pool Room; Feed Mill; Division St.; Maple St.; Wareloom; Chas. Will; Town Hall; Bell Telephone Central; J. Selkirk; Hardware Store; Hoxey; Vinton’s Add; Vinton House; F.H. Vinton Prop; S. B. Taylor Drug Store; F.H. Vinton; H.S. Bissell; Gen'l Store; Post Office; City Telephone Centre; East St.; Ruth & F.H. Vinton prop; Ernest & Pray; Gen'l Store; F.H. Vinton; H.S. Bissell; Blacksmith Shop; O.P. Marsh; U.B. Hobbs; J.H. Bisell; Bissell's Pond; Walton, Fife Lake Twp; Walton Cranberry Co.; North St.; School; Walton Cranberry Co.; Grand Rapids & Indiana R.R.; North St.; Elm St.; Ed. Stansbury; Pine St.; Ash St.; M.D. Crane; Maynard Blue; Hotel and Livery; Union St.; Phillips St.; R.R. Reserve; Depot; Walton Cranberry Co.; Oak St.; Blackwood, Grawn Station, Blair Twp.; Patrick Golden; Emma Hudson; Parsonage; M.E. Church; Pere Marquette R.R.; Ware Rooms; Depot; Brook St.; Line Between Green Lake and Blair Twps. Sec. 7.; Sec. 12; Mill Lot; Ewing St; Hotel Crown; Gen'l Store; Potato & Grain Store; Feed Store; Original Town; Barber; Blacksmith Shop; Livery; State St.; Harber; Chas. Palmer; Geo. Aldrick; Sarah Fouts; Fout’s Add; Lot 11; Wilcox St.; Fout's Add; J. W. Slater; J.O. Slough; D.E. Crandall; Kratochvil's Plat, Garfield Twp; Frank Kratochvil; Frank Kratochvil; Old State Road; Private Roadway; Old Mill Road; Old Mill; Private Road; Silver Lake -
llý F,/ 61 Co L9, o 10 Q, 0 clcý 10 0 rb ý7 2 (2 V-.ý 0,2 V -69 4ýZzmj-z Aw Vi9 -AY- tsp---Zcr- -Imp

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Page  34-35

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Title: Peninsula Resort, Green Lake Twp.; Ne-Ah-Ta-Wanta and Traverse Point, Peninsula Twp.; Duck Lake Park, Green Lake Twp.; Wylie, Green Lake Twp.; Monroe Center, Green Lake & Blair Twps.; Karlin, Grant Twp.; Diamond Park, Green Lake Twp. Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Peninsula Resort, Green Lake Twp.; Green Lake; Public Play Grounds; Main Ave.; 18th St.; 17th St.; 16th St.; 15th St.; 14th St.; First Add; 13th St.; 12th St.; 11th St.; 10th St.; 9th St.; Play Grounds; Ball Grounds; 8th St.; 7th St.; 6th St.; 5th St.; Peninsula Resort; 4th St.; 3rd St.; 2nd St.; South St.; 1st St.; South St. Pennington & Fisher; Ne-Ah-Ta-Wanta and Traverse Point, Peninsula Twp.; West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Joe. Kroupa; F. Kroupa; Bowers Harbor; Bayside Ave.; Cedar Ave.; Greenwood Ave. ; Pine Ave.; Grand East Ave.; Bayview Ave.; Evergreen Ave.; Maplewood Ave.; Woodland Ave.; Glendale Park; Oak Ave.; East Ave; Glendale Ave; Oriole Ave.; Elmwood Ave.; Prospect Park; Beachwood Ave.; Idlewild Ave.; Birch Ave.; Prospect Ave.; Linwood Ave; Forest Ave.; Charlotte Ave.; Detroit Ave.; Terrace Ave.; Hotel Park; Cottage Grove; Myrtle Ave; Lane Ave; Cresent Ave.; Border Ave.; Bayside Ave.; Pine St.; Sunset Ave; Crescent Ave.; Franklin Ave.; Birchwood Ave.; Oakwood Ave.; Crescent Ave.; Park No. 4; Park No. 5; Park No. 6; Rockway Beach Ave.; Tennyson Ave.; Whittier Ave.; Rock Ave; Maple Ave.; Island Ave.; Grace Ave.; Beechwood Ave.; Park No. 2; Park No. 1; Park No. 3; Traverse Point; Duck Lake Park, Green Lake Twp.; Duck Lake; Lake Terrace; Louis Sands Co.; Main Ave.; Maple St.; Birch St.; Wylie, Green Lake Twp.; Geo. Morrill; Pennington & Fisher; Elm St.; Pennington & Fisher; Lyon St.; Wylie Cooperage Co.; Gaylord St.; Saginaw St.; Buckbey & Douglas; Pine St.; West St.; Monroe Center, Green Lake & Blair Twps.; Willis Wightman; C. J. Shell; A. Brust; School; H. Dowd; Blacksmith Shop; A. Brust; Creamery; W. P. Lang; Rob’t Barz; A. Brust; Gen’l Store; I. O. O. F. Hall; Dining Hall; Sheds; M. E. Church; Karlin, Grant Twp.; H. W. Cary; A. J. Kratock; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; Manistee & Northeastern R.R.; Depot; John Polonsky; Blanik Ave.; Switch; Potato Warehouse; Slovan Ave.; West St.; North St.; Beroun Ave.; Joe Horesonsky; Tabor Ave.; School; Melnik St.; Praha St.; Wilson St.; East St.; A. Feetel; South Ave.; Joe Stanee; R. Kanaz; Buckley & Douglas Lbr. Co.; Diamond Park, Green Lake Twp.; Green Lake; Al. Rose; Wm. Tuller; Homer H. Olds; Ohio St.; Plat St.; Front St.; Main Ave.; Olds Reserve Ball & Playgrounds; Genaux Ave.; Linden St.; Shady Grove Ave.; Park Grove; Indiana Ave.; Grove St.; Main Ave.; Euclid Ave.; Lakeview Park; Play Grounds; Public Walk & Play Grounds; South Park; Central St.; Silver St.; Crystal St.; Shady Grove Ave.; Park St.; Willow St.; Hotel Ave.; Hotel Lot 1; McKinley Ave.; Euclid Ave.; Lot 3 -
%PJL^x/ ^^ WN -WMWt N'NAV NO \V " "A A. lob,^ 1^? \~ - '.cV/ ^ 7 /^^^^^^^^^^^\^^~~~~~~~~~7" 17-iAiTTri IYy s^~ /TT ^^ii~3 4.//^^^^^^?^^^ S /^ it^ ^S S^ S^ sf -H @ 8t B^S^S f S f1L^ ^ \n ilutlU ^^^^e^00^ "^ ^^^c~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~I**\ \ac7''*^ o-a '.yj~-ty./I^__ \ *,r A ' & \\ ^'^$^JL^^ VLJ^J.jJ LJ^ L ^j~iLL-I ^D ^ ^ rT SJ~J i 7^s V ^ ^\ L \71 '5\^ 116^^^^ IN 4L- (o /r r /^bl ^ ^ /^ jJ Y ^^ '\^^ i Jca Ze, `>e^._....... i i -, ~olW =Yii ti <-ýz cA.ix*, "w x n ~ 'U~ -i U ^ \ ' ^ U L - \ i M U M n n n \ \ \ \ \ -L L L _ _ ^ ^ ji iL -.^.^,-,.,,. ' / w ^ ^ / ^ ^ /B // ^ 7 & 3 s -S ^ ^ <@, ~/ " - ^- - - ~ -.^ - 5 ^ '0 '^:'NN 19 fl/f i'' < A <t^ <5, /9 <* * /' 7 / ^/ ^y- ^^ '^ ^/ ^ ' I/////]if11 ] La 1 7,. '. '***. *, -.. '

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Page  37

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Title: Map of Fife Lake Township Township: 25 Range: 9 W Section: - Keywords: Paradise Twp; Union Twp; Kalkaska Co.; Wexford Co.; Wesley Dell; Clarissa Nichol; John Winchcombe; Walter Brown; W. H. Seeley; Bert Worden; Ross Davis; J.F. Saxton; W. Stockfisch; Ben E. Wilson; Agnes Knight; L. J. Lyle; Brinen & Erwin; J.W. Oldham; Sam'l Houges; Nathan Knapp; Lyle Knight; Peter Olson; Kinney Bros.; Bert Worden; David Newman; Henry E. Davis; Mary Davis; C.C. Maynard; Fred Cain; John Failer; Ruben Learn; Chas Gonder; Chas. Boman; Mrs. L.S. Walker; Dowen Lake; Brinen & Erwin; Jesse W. Hodges; H. LaBar; C.M. Hagar; Worden Lumber Co.; A.M. Steele; Spr.; J.R. Burkholder; Geo. J. Smith; Dan Kent; Reuben Learin; Emmett price; D. H Beals; Vincent Goff; H. L. LeBar; Geo. Weaver; Minnie Burkholder; E. Quackenbush; Oliver Carothers; Archie Thorn; Ray Finch; Don McAlley; Armenus Finch; Wagner Lyle; H. L. LaBar; Oval Wood Dish Co.; Geo. Hodges; S.F. Hodges; Frank Wilson; Win Wilson; Newmarch; School; Florence Fraser; Nahom Avery; Emie Pitcher; J.F. Bancroft; Angus Campbell; John Pender; Frank Emmons; Laura Letson; Res of Van Wormer; Wm. Frary; Frank Johnson; Abbie Green; Chas Gonder; Edw. Letson; Geo Davis; Esther Emmons; Wm. Pender; Lewis Pierce; Oscar Dolberg; Geo. Davis; Edw Letson; Chas Boman; Minnie Holstein; John Pender; G.F. Abbott; Leonard Baker; Brinen Erwin; Tom Downey; P.H. Bernstine; D. McCoy; Lew Perry; Mrs. C. Downey; Holbrooks & Carse; Daniel McCoy; Geo. Holbrook; Wm. Vincent; Geo. Steele & Son; L. Baker; R.E. Scott; L.S. Walters; John Battonfield; F. Crothers; Cem.; John Hamilton; Leonard Baker; Minnie Holstein; School; H. L. Lo Bar; F. Thurston; Jas. Clarke; M. Thois; E. Loop; H.B Rogers; B. Bernstein; W.W. Brown; W. Wiley; Dennis Bros.; Church; Cem.; Lyle & Wagner; Dan McAlley; Peter Peterson; L. Palmiter; J. Conlin; E. A. Hornkohlf; Fife Lake; Alburtus Wilson; Arthur Sparling; T. Novak; G.N. Campbell; Fred Pierce; J.F. Saxton; Alice Pierce; Clarissa Saxton; Orrin O' Luce; Ben Wilson; E. J. Bancroft; Lousia Carr; Gleaners Hall; J. B. Goff; Chas Cook; D. Johnson; W. A. Christopher; Wm Wells; Wm Prindle; J. B. Goff; Sarah Babcock; N. Hicks; W. S. Chandler; W. L. Miller; Edwin Russell; S.L. Babcock; M.E. Mabbs; Daniel McCoy; M. J. Bond; Chas & Dent Blue; Joe Webb; Jas. Sewel; F. Wilson; Morgan Batis. Est.; Janet M. Boyd; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Helens Island; Florence Island; Holbrook & Carse; J. Monteith; Pickerel Lake; John Price; Herman York; Thos. Newmarch; A.E. Bryant; Mary A. Holmes; O. V. Holmes; Solon Tyler; Andrew Starr; Ralph Hicks; E. J. Bennett; E. R. Smith; Clark Sampson; Burr Godfrey; Fred Pratt; James W. Nutten; Alf. & Sarah Wislen; Herman Tuxberry; L. G. Stalker; Thomas & Sadie Fair; Jacob Clause; Herman Tuxberry; Holbrook & Carse; M. J. Bond; James Evans; Holbrook & Carse; J. W. Morey; N. P. Baldwin; D. Bonner; G. A. Bergland; Daniel Bonar; Osterout & Fox; Mud Lake; Louis Ely; Holmer Siding; Geo. McManus; Mary Holmes; E. R. Smith; Newel Hicks; Bradley Bros.; J. Pierson; C. F. Ruggles; Nils Wilson; Jno. Mortinson; M. L Strickland; G.R. & I. R.R.; J. W. Shoemaker; C. F. Greiner; C. H. Tyler; Hy. Whilhopp; G. W. Casson; Josephine E. Thralls; Cobbs & Mitchell; A. J. Dobie; Aaron Wykop; Cobbs & Mitchell; J. Q. Wilson; R G. Peters; Chas. Olson; Richard Bridson; John I. Hoke; W. J. Morey; M. J. Bond; Rufus Taylor Est.; Daniel Bonar; Sarah L. Babcock; Osterout & Fox; Twin Pine Farm; Enos & Hynes; J. J. Gauld; J.F. Swanson; Wm Wolf; Arthur Bonner; Enos & Hynes; Geo. Gauld; Daniel Bonner; John Jones; E. J Stamptler & Bro.; Layfette Williams; H. D. Tabeb; Oval Wood Dish Co.; Rich'd Bridson; Canfield & Wheeler; Davis & Blacker; G. Bechtel; Sam'l Copps; L. G. Meeklin; Mary Meekin; Geo. W. Page; A. E. Woodward; E Stansbury; School; Edward Level; Walton; Cranberry Marsh; Walton Cranberry Co.; Cobbs & Mitchell; C. M. Bumps; L. C. Roberts; A. J. Dovel trustee; E. E. Dunn; C.H. Tyle; Moses Bowerman; Rino Riplow -
----7 001 Rosso= comma um RAM 9" H &I L MAW In AN 00 TW NS H I P ~iniches tolIMile, i~ownshio 2$ '79torth 2Range.9 VWest of the S~ifehigan Sit4eridian '4' K UNION2 _4CCs 39'? 9 Wc&' ('us '77j 749 >c $ mdm wmpwhý. -,.. 4 ) I N r B VZ?0 Ag7C LX> V $~) Of ~?-9 7? }I'casl X>~7 5(1142,' B Sic/A ~ c9%9 -ttb K~i 4&Z'7 g6?C5C,~ -4C 'N ZIA ~74L Vo-e Ax 7Ue ae 7990l 41.a 66'6 5 -//r.y C.~A S JRr'Zr7er7 t; SZrrzrzr,7. Wben? -HI zb 406 Sc'? ~ ~363 50nAiKce~6 ~~22'. Z1, 'I TJI'V -1 -r- ýl I 1.1 - ý i. - -- --- I 0'.9..15C,'-C A~Zat e 26'37rc r6,':-~&0+zoicA, * Z -*Z E:> -71__ 40' c '.A/fczenz~i~zY2CIL. tg r-2ý45 k -11 &sI. ~ 6440 B * 620 * Ca tit J2rc e 40 40.4dl /0 ~~76 Spi 40 '1 1) ~ K N C' S LI~'OdACK -If-7 - Zi ~'~ 76...............c....'. j 301 - J\ -I ova~z Z2? 40 -e 40-Z f 40 VY2<!___q arn___ Iee~ ~gin_ l/ -1 r N 46 17' ~A~%Q /6? 12? (/&U2J/CI"CA I >180 C),~ 1 1~ c94 V2um2zZ: Kb ~~KI 0% N N 0 0fl~j ('c e~-,ý -,3TEA - z PzLzi nF C4S/I Cl -KI Fh.JV C) Qk~ ~conhel -ý Yc Cor, 24-0, CeoJWzz I zI 9nco2 1% I Fo I - I I. I I I I I I I tJt6uz Errs 27-7 V90//A7I9 G-otIV ic/ C 02n273e }ýtjt2a 12 arcs -40 41ý CJ~E$~I Cc/f (3 ~ ~ A/Jr 40 1 911 00 4co %tooz _'-B a I I I ---Al\\W /7~ cOI~r co ~56 Soz~i c' e40ZItoc)A 440 4 $2c16116)z 1 6722~z Mo 95c-/elco-ZIA.71zAeizitoa eo410 Azzi I 2 ____ of&e~ Ic B j~i~r ___ 4.105 I N D/I/* c ~ & a r s N~j Iio-Zz2e3Y o I5 BCr7/ Sass/era ~ c?6'SC Cbrcrz 0,-/, crc a ~20 7-Z,/o42Z2 ttlCZu/ C' K 'K. ~ 14 a Xz422er & tczr'r' a. &6 c90. r-1 f/Iz Fr 251 40 (Ze. -N-- -if-K' Ac Tj z I I I /6's SI. 40 I I 'i * i-I. - L l.1 1 4. NJ.t>C) C) K Ks a i2zr'y ~ Alrzcr 40 ~K a'TZ'7~9 /14-cz cars ~$ 4cE'?C%~ I.1 i SN C)~N C)) 4~ 00 a 0 -40r6 Ft KU 0)0) -5------- K) tNJo ~ tO '% 13' 3 Eta lifer cC 01 NI S -SOt2CZ kwwq ~4 <~1Th Affil AL 350 A& ibr'cc/~s 6cr-sc *~~~ C' tClCZ cSl-2 S,2 0) rns a' I - jrE ~ 550 t 6P7 P7 UJrest-ye croro-a rIsNe. An uryy0 t'tz cFry (ec 17e AL 2kAvW rimp$0 D06tji/c /r Qy(3 C 2~-cA'/za ro %6ý to %;EAo z Ktz2/lo0Z2 &07-ZC.4 Ke eo )%t 030 KU Thcb lwAow 417t WEXPORD CO.

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Page  39

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Title: Map of Union Township Township: 26 Range: 9 W Section: - Keywords: Whitewater Twp.; B. J. Morgan; J. W. Boyd; John Crates; A. C. Michael; State Lands; John Crates; W.A. Chandler; State Lands; B. J. Morgan; Lucia Cofran; H. C. Robertson; H. J. Ullman; Continental Imp Co.; O. E. Wightman; B. J. Morgan; H. F. Ernst; Frank Durgee; H. J. Ullman; T. J. Conkolin; O. Vanderwort; Zanders & Updegrove; H. J. Ullman; Continental Imp. Co.; Wm. Zander; A. Kurtz; B. T. Morgan; Lucia Cofran; H. Harper; D. VanderWonde; A. A. Bowman; Evans; C. E. Spear; L. H. Howard; Continental Imp. Co.; A. W. Howard; J. Gillis; Wm Heydon; Redding Lmbr Co.; Saw & Shingle Mill; Lucia Cafron; H. J. Ullman; Continental Imp Co.; H. J. Ullman; Boardman River; Geo. Allcook; U.S. Gov't Land; E. E. Clendenen; Lewis Clendenen; M. L. Clendenen; Jas. V. Wright; H. J. Ullman; Chas Ball; L. H. Howard; Will Allcock; A.E. Thayer; Geo. Bell; H. J. Ullman; U.S. Gov't; H. J. Ullman; A. J. White; Stokes & Wittingham; H. L. Howard; Cobbs & Mitchell; Evans Redding Lmbr Co.; T. H. Gillis; H. L. Howard; John Updegrove; F.W. Rogers; A.J. White; Theo. Rogers; O. Berwick; School; Will Allcock; H. Bernstein; T.J. Conklin; Will Alcook; A.J. White; Adolf Rothe; B.J. Morgan; Jas. V. Wright; East Bay Twp; L. Howard; B.J. Morgan; Carpenter Creek; A.J. White; E.H. Elwell; A.W. Howard; Thompson; L.H. Howard; Shattock & Davis; Julia Lebot; H.L. Howard; Alice E. Tower; E. Van Valkenburg; R.H. Reed; H.L Howard; Continental Imp. Co.; Continental Imp. Co.; C.E. Hansen; Badger State Tanning Co.; H. Batchelder; A.N. Fouster; J.A. Wade; Badger State Tanning; Fred A. Ruff; Zochelzshet & Sons; J.W. Boyd; F.A. Schaman; Gov't Land; A.J. White; L.H. Howard; N. McTaggert; Twenty Two Cr.; L.H. Howard; Continental Imp. Co.; A.W. Howard; C. Kimball; A.W. Howard; L.H. Howard; U.S. Gov't; StateTax Homestead; U.S. Gov't; C. Kimball; U.S. Gov't; C.E. Newell; Lillie M. Lewitt; Warren Sperry; David Simmons; L.H. Howard; A.J. White; Continental Imp. Co.; State Land; G.M. Steel; A.T. Clark; Geo. Hart; Maud Scott; A. Green; G.C. Hager; E. Bromels; Mae Dewey; J.M. Meyers; A. Norton; State Land; S. Carothers; Gov't Land; O.S.Youmans; State Tax Land; John A. Wade; Gov't Land; C. Kimball; Gov't Land; Zeland Lumbr Co.; State Land; B.C. Whitaker; Continental Imp. CO.; Lachelsheet & Sons; John A. Wade; Badger State Tanning Co.; R. Woodford; Gov't Land; John A. Wade; Carrie Shepard; Harriet N. Curtiss; R.T Parker; J.D. Hilton; Harriet N. Curtiss; Glen Biddlecome; J.E. Holdcroft; David Simmons; Rob't McAlley; David Simmons; L.S. Smith; Glen Biddlecome; Wm. Hubbel; C.A. Steele; A.R. Silvernale; E.N. Steele; D.H. Biddlecome Saw Mill; S.S Wilson; H. Codd Est.; Rose Ross; Emma Parsons; Ross Est.; R.C. Bridgeman; E.W. Newell; E.F. Newell; A.T. Clark; G.C. Hager; N McTaggart; O.L. Boynton; Jacob Henry; Wm. Gilder; G.C. Hager; J.M. Safford; M. Wondergen; J.H. Wade; Paradise Twp.; John Gillis; G.E. Whitman; Zeland Lmbr. Co.; Geo Koch; W.N Bancroft; Frank Oberst; Wm. Newmanson; Fife Lake Twp; R.T Parker; Nora Scarwon; Frank Stirkee; J.A. Wade; Parker Cr.; Worden Lmbr Co.; C.T. Reid; Fred Hamilton; Chandler & Mahan; John Gillis; Worden Lmbr Co.; Worden Lmbr Co.; Arthur Hodys; Thos Barton; John O. Bailey; John Dowell; A.K. Silvernale; Jas. Wright; Loretta Elliott; Cliff Newell; Worden Lmbr. Co.; Millie Dowen; Dowson Lake; Sophia Anderson; J.F. Biddlecome; Mary O. Newell; Chas. Elliott; Will Clark; W. Woodford; C.A. Royton; Custina Dewey; E. Willis; E.P Q; F.D. Hagar; Birney Elliott; W.B. Razey; C.H. Peck; Abbie Goff; A. Thorn; Annie Campbell; Ida Razey; L; H.J. Hager; School; Deliha Reidlebaugh; J.F. Eldridge; J.H. Hager; Chas. Dean; N. McTaggart; O.L Boynton; F.D. Hagar; Rob't McAlley; M. Carothers; Kalkaska Co. -
10 - Lownahip2 6 Xorth.5?ange 9 West of the Wlehigan /J4eridian fiTEA zX3sa 32TSso R~ ~F&I ~J cz, V"M-lb i - i -0 1. -- 1 I;zU I 7Chna el C. / tee. bu cic2 a C -ýZ- -ý)' I m MR 0 ~4 0 0-F 40 3~C 6.1 36'e a~s'a~~.~a ace yyy~ c 7236 2258 i-non. 377 Cs ~) 2 6~~'/az 40 ~9o 7k/I 0. ~ ~za/~ A&ZZCZC -40 c9 ~) ~tcit cat qivo C.{onbnr7710 ZVi7 0-22 I-jIp Wa co. JA7V--2Z ýZarczzcccs 3-c U C2 (2 td CCO-co 3g6~&3t?0c 3 P7 Z4A2. 3244 Cs -4 ~5 37-cr' -Z Z Co~~ 2o0z ne ff K 3t -4 4 11 fCS fate '~ La 126769 82.20 %Jc~n CraZes. <- cc 7IV/7 38C 3. 6 11$4 d07 LY26Z- 6? 72Z A Wnz?77 1Yey2 220 r 4 ~7/x p. 4-10 StaýýLe B ar c-,2 73-Z State?Jar aC 460 ~1U jlZZ2 2 ctnZ-Z Z Scdcz y 1 f\ - -I I e-tF, C-11), I -L.! I 7I'v - ~ I Li to iN 454.83 0 4. 4 7C U//rnZ 20.12 -/f7C, ZIZ7/2-2ua-Zy/ Cccy --- rig/a 72~y 42 TV I 40 a ice 76-c' A AN j F F 442 ___ I I t'~kt~4 55! bnhnenlai Imp Cc,. Ica.s7zgovtý ~'C1aoa GccE eý -<e 160. 490 Sz$ C 40I H U/I-c c5 Cr.44*z4 ~~~~jj,; C, -&o L7 A ~v c W2 ZeNar-naz V)LCC 17JA1-2_Z ___ 7scate ~Pc~re ~ - zk -Sic0. do'tI 7c<[.3. ICI 214 24ice.1Cc. 76626 -$7 > V - I 7711. ~ ill I Ec-vr a.Pcaclcry./ni6 - 1/Y -L -ZL -c-1-) -rel -7 7C -L a--70 zc -- 0 N A G-c~' &' ccc- S/cc Ic Cc Li a-cc cY CC Ha7er 76-0 % I) Co. 4,0 H 'K N I f4KBoyd Lrc~rTxnP Cc) 6bccan 40 49 ccl 40 /AC A14 17-V27 - I I lp.ý C. 2 -L b4,.~ ~ ~ \,j403pw 6 -10 ý A i. i AQ* - _44. 7 ar7?Inal/f iNK &~ct Acne SeL a~ n.anciHc 2460 7/1rl-Z C Z ycl y1 er aro -'C ci A/ItHo cc are 720 Co Car Gov0 -ZA0 - e90 462 '7 I I I __j L 437ttti6ziLKaa-zic 'sCco ) - Fournc~ BerJh C Lice 40 YStan e B.. c -f20 WhY lrConiwenla]1 9fl'4,0 lmg-7p,2o I-7-. / c d/-/C-rz Via. 76-c Iczc-/u etc/P ciz Sen. a Wa/de.8o 0 I, I da i 1 1 -AV I *-Wqh 3) Ps 3) p.. Gc- -Z~z c ke4^2-0-6C lohn A,!i K 40 a -cBaa 2ze-r C~rrr 62nd Horns] N Cur/icc. ____ Sc 760 1.UINS IQ NS [I'lh s z -- z Lf: ~, Vi'F?~ Cccc4/c Q hl-2- se L Dav ir.D ov' TIP4 ear '/i72c/rZ Azbl Srw ne.it 44C nayc6- _AV -IC'.76-nec -Igt % Jit'22 -,c-5 F- A 5"f>C C c/Icc f~rllzz - rd5e72-Z22eZcccr O la /<,ay ____ N >t&1oci-/570 e e60 C/a l 72q~ h&./ y40 Cza CD Vre (-t 6& cAa Y ~c WO -7 40V3'A-aeS ~. ~.<~IV. -.,P. z10z Ban c'c~f6c'z J- K A 5)ýk ýZ31ý lir r/fclA. Stir/Icc kzted (:,/olAzn.Z-GSI/-b Z -0 -ICC cr 11Y2 z-> A 4arc H '?, Z, cz A~udCo I,P/PAZ IJAAff1

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Page  42-43

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Title: Map of Whitewater Township Township: 27 Range: 9 W Section: - Keywords: Whitewater Twp.; B. J. Morgan; J. W. Boyd; John Crates; A. C. Michael; State Lands; John Crates; W.A. Chandler; State Lands; B. J. Morgan; Lucia Cofran; H. C. Robertson; H. J. Ullman; Continental Imp Co.; O. E. Wightman; B. J. Morgan; H. F. Ernst; Frank Durgee; H. J. Ullman; T. J. Conkolin; O. Vanderwort; Zanders & Updegrove; H. J. Ullman; Continental Imp. Co.; Wm. Zander; A. Kurtz; B. T. Morgan; Lucia Cofran; H. Harper; D. VanderWonde; A. A. Bowman; Evans; C. E. Spear; L. H. Howard; Continental Imp. Co.; A. W. Howard; J. Gillis; Wm Heydon; Redding Lmbr Co.; Saw & Shingle Mill; Lucia Cafron; H. J. Ullman; Continental Imp Co.; H. J. Ullman; Boardman River; Geo. Allcook; U.S. Gov't Land; E. E. Clendenen; Lewis Clendenen; M. L. Clendenen; Jas. V. Wright; H. J. Ullman; Chas Ball; L. H. Howard; Will Allcock; A.E. Thayer; Geo. Bell; H. J. Ullman; U.S. Gov't; H. J. Ullman; A. J. White; Stokes & Wittingham; H. L. Howard; Cobbs & Mitchell; Evans Redding Lmbr Co.; T. H. Gillis; H. L. Howard; John Updegrove; F.W. Rogers; A.J. White; Theo. Rogers; O. Berwick; School; Will Allcock; H. Bernstein; T.J. Conklin; Will Alcook; A.J. White; Adolf Rothe; B.J. Morgan; Jas. V. Wright; East Bay Twp; L. Howard; B.J. Morgan; Carpenter Creek; A.J. White; E.H. Elwell; A.W. Howard; Thompson; L.H. Howard; Shattock & Davis; Julia Lebot; H.L. Howard; Alice E. Tower; E. Van Valkenburg; R.H. Reed; H.L Howard; Continental Imp. Co.; Continental Imp. Co.; C.E. Hansen; Badger State Tanning Co.; H. Batchelder; A.N. Fouster; J.A. Wade; Badger State Tanning; Fred A. Ruff; Zochelzshet & Sons; J.W. Boyd; F.A. Schaman; Gov't Land; A.J. White; L.H. Howard; N. McTaggert; Twenty Two Cr.; L.H. Howard; Continental Imp. Co.; A.W. Howard; C. Kimball; A.W. Howard; L.H. Howard; U.S. Gov't; StateTax Homestead; U.S. Gov't; C. Kimball; U.S. Gov't; C.E. Newell; Lillie M. Lewitt; Warren Sperry; David Simmons; L.H. Howard; A.J. White; Continental Imp. Co.; State Land; G.M. Steel; A.T. Clark; Geo. Hart; Maud Scott; A. Green; G.C. Hager; E. Bromels; Mae Dewey; J.M. Meyers; A. Norton; State Land; S. Carothers; Gov't Land; O.S.Youmans; State Tax Land; John A. Wade; Gov't Land; C. Kimball; Gov't Land; Zeland Lumbr Co.; State Land; B.C. Whitaker; Continental Imp. CO.; Lachelsheet & Sons; John A. Wade; Badger State Tanning Co.; R. Woodford; Gov't Land; John A. Wade; Carrie Shepard; Harriet N. Curtiss; R.T Parker; J.D. Hilton; Harriet N. Curtiss; Glen Biddlecome; J.E. Holdcroft; David Simmons; Rob't McAlley; David Simmons; L.S. Smith; Glen Biddlecome; Wm. Hubbel; C.A. Steele; A.R. Silvernale; E.N. Steele; D.H. Biddlecome Saw Mill; S.S Wilson; H. Codd Est.; Rose Ross; Emma Parsons; Ross Est.; R.C. Bridgeman; E.W. Newell; E.F. Newell; A.T. Clark; G.C. Hager; N McTaggart; O.L. Boynton; Jacob Henry; Wm. Gilder; G.C. Hager; J.M. Safford; M. Wondergen; J.H. Wade; Paradise Twp.; John Gillis; G.E. Whitman; Zeland Lmbr. Co.; Geo Koch; W.N Bancroft; Frank Oberst; Wm. Newmanson; Fife Lake Twp; R.T Parker; Nora Scarwon; Frank Stirkee; J.A. Wade; Parker Cr.; Worden Lmbr Co.; C.T. Reid; Fred Hamilton; Chandler & Mahan; John Gillis; Worden Lmbr Co.; Worden Lmbr Co.; Arthur Hodys; Thos Barton; John O. Bailey; John Dowell; A.K. Silvernale; Jas. Wright; Loretta Elliott; Cliff Newell; Worden Lmbr. Co.; Millie Dowen; Dowson Lake; Sophia Anderson; J.F. Biddlecome; Mary O. Newell; Chas. Elliott; Will Clark; W. Woodford; C.A. Royton; Custina Dewey; E. Willis; E.P Q; F.D. Hagar; Birney Elliott; W.B. Razey; C.H. Peck; Abbie Goff; A. Thorn; Annie Campbell; Ida Razey; L; H.J. Hager; School; Deliha Reidlebaugh; J.F. Eldridge; J.H. Hager; Chas. Dean; N. McTaggart; O.L Boynton; F.D. Hagar; Rob't McAlley; M. Carothers; Kalkaska Co. -
Mum 4 MA all -------------------------.............................. cj -----------

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Page  46-47

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Title: Map of Paradise Township; Mayfield Paradise Twp.; Wexford Corners, Mayfield & Grant Twps. and Wexford Co. Township: 25 N Range: 10 W Section: - Keywords: East Bay Twp.; Wm. Culver; Ada Hulett; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; M. J. Culver; Wm. Eickard; Hy. Lederty; E. W. Woods; P.M. Hildebrand; L. Holliday; A. M. Lewis; Hannah Lay & Co.; Alice S. Johnson; Geo. Rarick; Hank Thayer; Mrs. G. C. Bauer; John Hobs; Jacob Eller; Gibbs Bros.; Fred Geier; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Thos. Smith; John Hock; Boardman River; Harlen Brown; Mill; Arch Gibbs; F. Taylor; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Silas Davis; Ida Vanderwort; Hannah Lay & Co; A. J. Walterman; Wm. Brown; Dave Smith; State Land; Hanna Lay & Co; John Gillis; Hanna Lay & Co; R. N. Bishop; A. Gibbs; Hannah Lay & Co; Vanderjat & Co.; B. J. Morgan; Mrs. Jackson; Jaxon Creek; Tim Goodsell; F. Thurtell; S. W. Allison; J. Crandall; B. Frank Saylor; A. L. Noble; Power House; Pond; Mill; Mayfield; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Geo. Rarick; Howard Whiting; R. Marshall; Wm. Spaulding; W. J. Chase; Geo Rarick; Wesley Dunn; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; F. N. Glass; Luther Macey; Ralph Glass; Wesley Dunn; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Mary Preston; Wm. Emerson; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Martha Biddlecom; L. Sparling; W. A. Hughes; Hannah Lay & Co; M. D. Wade; Geo. Payne; B. Frank Saylor; A. B. Dennison; Wesley Dunn; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Oval Wood Dish Co.; J. L. Gibbs; Arch Gibbs; Monroe Baldwin; J. J. Brownson; Frank Saylor; D. E. Wyncoop; L. H. Gage; F. Thompson; Kneeland Carlton; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Frank Halliday; W.S. Foster; Lafe Wilkinson; Fred Halliday; Wesley Dunn; Chas. Macey; Frank Sayers; Len Holliday; B. F. LeBaron; David Marrigold; Leonard Cunningham; Herb Sayers; Alex Sayers; Lion Little; Peter Rollo; Jas Hendricks; A. A. Bowman; N. W. Smith; Henry Marsh; Calvin Sparling; Louis Yingling; Frank Clark; J. Perhal; H. Tabberer; John Marsh; Henry Tabberer; Geo. Freeman; Culvin Sparling; M. L. Weikel; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Herb Sayers; Mrs. M. G. Hobart; H. Stockfish; H. Sayers; F. M. Hoffman; Eugene Knight; Chas. Oberst; W. U. Bancroft; Union Twp.; Blair Twp.; D. S. Wickerson; B. Frank Saylor; John Wall; L. Hayes; Elisa Brown; C. W. Butler; Traverse City Mfg; B. Frank Saylor; J. J. Brownson; J. F. Bowers; J. Bowers; Case & Crosler; J. Doebler; Park; C. B. Nelson; Swainstones Cr.; Fred Nixon; Wm. Taylor; O. Simpson; Adam Hoeflin; Peter Kirch Wm. Arnold; Wm. Marrigold; John Bohlender; Henry Dahmer; Dalzer Muehling; Peter Rolo; Blazer Muehling; Henry Dahmer; Henry Hoeflin; Feed Mill; Adolph Wellein; Frank Clark; H. Grant Seeley; School; Henry Marsh; John Beck; Louis Yingling; Henry Keffer Est; Chas J. Sleight; Sylvester Clark Est; Res.; T. R. Hill; Ezro Milks; Hollis Tabberer; Herber Potter Est; W.J. Riley; Dennis Marrigold; Chas Sweet; Herbert Potter; F.M Hoffman; Silas Milks; Don Milks; Edwin Cla K.; Case & Crotser; Frank Lydell; Rob't Saxton; John Berghors; Wm. Wurzberg; Geo. Humphrey; Clement Pierce; Geo. W. Bancroft; Edwin Cla k; D. S. Nickerson; F & H Boughey; Res Alvy; G. B. Madison; Meddaugh; Peter Carlbeck; Geo. Fewless; Geo. M. Swainslon Est; L. D. Linton; B. Frank Saylor; Kingsley; Geo. McDonald; Dr Fenton; Cheese Factory; Michael McCarty; Ed. Cronkhite; G. W. Chawfty; A. B. Stinson; J. J. Brownson; C. W. Chawofty; Wm. Wilson; Nick Kreiser; Wm. Arnold; Henry Menzel; S. D. Fenstermacher; Fred Wall; M. D. Baldwin; Aug. Stockfisch; Cem; Louis Yingling; Case & Croster; Ira. D. Linton; Grant Stinson; John Baldwin; Edw. Arnstett; Case & Crotser; G. C. Sparling; Henry Sparling; Howard Newmarch; Malcom Keffer; Wm. Gray; Leonard Milks; Alonzo Sparling; Wesley Sparling; W. L Shaw; Elsworth Halstead; Henry Sparling; Ruben Tibbits; School; Calvin Sparling; E. A. Smith; W. L. Wilson; Res. of R. A. Wilson; Pond; Wm. Platt; Martin Rogers; Geo. Parker; N. Rouse; John Hulett; A. J. Barrett; Edw. Geiger; Mrs. Mat. Geiger; Rest of Edw. Geiger; Wellington W. Hall; S. E. McCurdy; Alf. Bowen; Albert Nixon; E. S. Manchester; S. D. Fenstermacher; Henry Hoffman; Wm. Hill; Mary McGill; Caroline Bowden Est.; Phillip Miller; Henry Rieck; Henry Seegmiller; Benj Pulver; S. J. Wykoff; Chas. Miller; J. W. Seegmiller; Geo. Weidenen; Dan Seegmiller; A. E. Pulver; Isaac Newmarch; John Newmarch; John Wood; D & J Seegmiller; Geo. Weidener; Dan Seegmiller; A. E. Pulver; Wm. Fitzgerald; Grant Stinson; Spring Creet Farm; John Rafter; Geo A. Anstett; Tony Weber; Isaac Newmarch; Ira D. Linton; Philip Miller; W. J. Cleland; Wm. Wright; Frank K. Saxton; Wm Saxton; Thompson Newmarch; Howard Newmarch; John Milks; W. Wright; W & C. Bowers; Chas. Bowers; Malisa Hill; Henry Knapp; Rob't Wilkson; Wm. Boskey; Wm. Boskey Jr.; Geo. Martin; Cem; Chas. Knapp; Antony Schuster; Jas. Chappel; Jas. Days; A. J. Higbea; Thos. Church; Jos. Schuster; Randolph Boskey; Wm. Boskey Jr.; A. J. Higbea; Royal Stalker; A. E. Pulver; Wm. Starbeck; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Jas. Days; John Brown; J. W. Wycoff; Jos. Brewer; H. T. McLynn; Geo. Weidner; Mrs. D. F. Davidson; Ed Levall; Geo Parker; A. H. Speer; Hiram Wykoff; Summit City; P.O.; Phillip Miller; Elmore Hoyt; J. W. Wilsey; Frank Dean; Malcoms Hoyt; Jos Jeor; Frank Dean; A. J. Albright; A. H. Speer; Harrison Speer; Elmore Hoyt; Gilbert Snell; Rob't N. Snell; Fred Winch; Geo. McMannas; P. G. Milks; Henry Witkoop; Henry Milks; Peter Milks; E. D. Merrett; Geo. McManus; Byron Hulett; M. J. Taylor; Henry Knapp; Edw. A. Wall; Adam Chappel; A. J. Barrett; S. Schuster; Frank Kolndorfer; Albert Koelmer; David Pender; Chas Barrett; Jos. Logie; B. F. Chuch; D.C. Kingsley; S. M. Kinglsey; C. L. Porter; Res Lois Starrs; H.C. Cairns' B. Frank Saylor; Jas. Woodard; Geo. Storrs; John Weidner; Mrs. D. F. Davidson; Geo Jackson; Almond Pollard; Ed. Levall; Jos. Brewer; Geo. Parker; A. H. Speer; Adoram Dell Est.; School; Dan Vibber; Arthur Albright; Geo. Hollenbeck; John Inglis; Oval Wood Dish Co.; J. E. Levall; J. Roop; Lovina J. Tedman; A. Snell; Wm. Wilsey; Sarah A. Cox; Geo. E. Smith; Alice M. Bond; Mayfield Twp; A. Box; Adam Chappel; Nelson Wilcox; Wm. Taylor; W. T. Church; Geo. Hulett; Chas. Barrett; O. M. Chalker; S. I. Hulett; Buckley & Douglas; Matilda Smith; Chas. Barrett; Peter Rodie; Estella Olmstead; Jennie Smith; Res. of J. F. Smith; Cont. Imp Co.; Tony Mocko; Geo. Storrs Est; Joe Rode; Joe Bretain; Mrs. D. F. Davison; H. T. Wright; A. M. Porter; Moses Bowerman Est; Jos Logie; A. W. Nelson; Res Wm. Nelson; Eli Howell; B. Klingetschmitt; Benj. Linninger; Louis Sands; Frank Dean; State Lumber Co.; Peak & Co.; Wexford Co; W. H. Bradley; Louis Sands; S. B. Washburn; Russell Bros; H. Dooley; Fife Lake Twp.; Union Twp.; Mayfield Paradise Twp.; Mayfield Electric Light & Power Co.; Pond; Gibbs Saw Mill; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Mrs. J. L. Gibbs; Store & P. O.; Mill St.; Hotel; Church St.; Larch St.; Main St.; Forest St.; Church; School; Smiths Store; Mayfield; Wexford Corners, Mayfield & Grant Twps. and Wexford Co.; John Lennington; Jas Kellog; C. S. Purdy; F. Whipple; Jas Dixon; Travette; Wm. Clune; Martin Stack; G. Bartley; Wm. Sanford; Clark Hall; John Fosum; Adam Homage; Albert Cups; Edw. Blackhurst; County Line; Henderson Smith; C. S. Purdy; M. E. Church; Travette; Wm. Sanford; D. W. Connine; Ester Connine; M. E. Parsonage; Jas. Haines ; Nelson Durham ; John Kennedy ; Andrew All; Hotel; Julia Cornell; A. Gurnsey; C. S. Purdy; G. A. R.; Wm. McClune; Livery; McClune; Macabees; McClune; J. Dixon; Edw. Blackhurst; J. Dickson; Wm. Blackhurst; Theo Calkins; Adam Dixon; Mrs. Gurnsey -
gill -' II~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ItsiL sitivism i~^..\ -____.a v ~ jti__ ^^^ J 1 ^*' ~~ " ^ "r O' y Vf-6a-- -y 1 ^"\Q^ """M" y^ ^-^ XA M /^^, ^V A^r^" VA\ 0 WE - Mb<^ r~ - iM ^ -^r^^ ^~ ^ ^7^ -zcs^ ^^..^ /^ Q_ _ o^ U ^*r ^ 1^ S ^ ^H 7^^.0aS Q? (Lm^r-7^^t ---- 10^R ------ V9 iSr~ ' 1 " 'ly ~? '^'.~ --S^. g-1--w: w-*S,;S T^? --rT~ ^ ^ S, -- ^ \J- 5~ ^,~z--^-,ssoft^- - ^ &,M1 1 h.K gS l/.ft ss^'o^~/d^i^~^ ^ ^->[X S& ( l ^^ SS^ 1 ^~J~~f &^ "'^ vry7 \ ^%,^~ & ^^S^^ >^c i__^^ -*m '^^P'^ ^ ^^%%%/~^ ^^ fe o-^ ^ ^ ^ ^ '' ^ ^- ^^ ^ ^.is ^^^*w^.\.j m ^^^J^-^' ^ *.^, \^^ -1^ *^ J~~s~i^ _ l "E.^! ff ^ CN^ ^ ^ N ^ ^? 5^ ^ - _-i_ ^ ^ ^ '^^,^ ^/T"y l V <~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Z -"7,g^. ~-^cS^~ - i | ' ^! ^W ^ I *^s jjH ir aim lift y g -~>g "*g*g '?' g 9.-y ~ -gg *-< 'jri! **g*ofT< - - g^tg g^*g^' g^,?^* ' - ^^*- s y*-'' _ ___-z > *T?3*'-- s ^s -^ -^odf- __ _ys o; |^

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Page  49

[missing figure]
Title: Map of East Bay Township Township: 26 N Range: 10 W Section: - Keywords: Grand Traverse Bay (East Arm); East Bay; Ah-Go-Sa; Geo Loucks; R. A Snyder; Griffen Est; T. Mitchell; Wm. Mitchell; J. E. Mahan; C. M Parker; Mrs. A. L. Land; Warehouse; Wm. Mitchell; Mill Pond; Wm. Mitchell; Chas. Leabor; Acme Twp; Wm. Mitchell; J. E. Mahan; Mrs. A. L. Land; T. N. Mitchell; J. E. Mahan; M. Winnie; H. R. Thayer; Jos. Sclotek; J. E. Mahan; Wm. Robinson; E. Purois; Boon & Vanderbery; Chas. D. Rice; Geo. Reeves; Geo. Fish; Pere Marquette R. R.; Darrow; Thornton Mitchell; J. N. Courtade; J. A. Jackson; Traverse City Mfg. Co.; Cris Sutton; C. T. Rogers; W. Carpenter; H. Ziegler; Clayton Stites; Wm. Nichols; Whit Staats; Whit Stadts; F. Ziegler; Ira C. Talmage; A. C. Stitles; B. A. Stites; Wm. Edward; L. Hanes; L. Fuller; S. L. Kellar; G. A. Duggin; H. J. Badger; A. Snifka; A. Gibbs; H. Ziegler; Cobbs & Mitchell; J. D. Emerson; Wm. Snifka; L. Wesslen; Theo. Whiteford; Peter Elnquest; Lottie Noble; Wm. Mitchell; Thornton Mitchell; Dr. E. B. Minor; State Lands; H. J. Ullman; Frost & Ames; John Pulcipher; Isadore Melkvik; P. Durkac; David Roush; Jas. Stables; B. Christoffel; F. D. Taylor; E. J. Taylor; F. Silsby; W. H. Stark; Wm. E. Hall; Art Visneau; F. Rasho. J. D. Beach; Wm. Moos; G. G. Domine; J. D. Burns; Rob't Millen; G. L. Stigar; John Black; C. H Snyder; Wm. Snyder; Cora Barton; H. M Foss; Thos. Barton; G. G. Dominick; C. L. Domine; J. Forton; Julian Forton; A. B. Curtis; J. D. Burns; E. B Robinson; L. Hanes; J. Courtade; Octave Domine; Wm. Forton; John Stediman; W. M. Forton; Adlon Martineau; Jerome Forton; John N. Courtade; Ed Forton; Chris Forton; Emma Carlisle; P. H. Baynton; Erancois Forton; A. D. Hewett; Res; Guy A. Hewett; Guy Hewitt; Spr; L. R. Hewett; B. C. Green; C. C. Prouty; Res Ed Prouty; Wm. Mitchell; Hugh Prouty; Ed. Prouty; S. L. Kellar; Klingelschmitt; Res M. Weathers; Frank Derba; State Lands; J. D. Burns; C. H. Reid; Mrs. A. L. Land; Frank Riedle; H. J. Ullman; State Lands; Wm. Earls; Frank Riedle; Wm. Mitchell; Laura J. Steward; Cobbs & Mitchell; Geo Roush; Susan Bates; O. Perket; F. N. Hammond; Clinton Hammond; Jas. Thomas; Beechwood Dairy Farm; Edwin Black; School; Town Hall; Fannie Graham; Susan Bates; John Nerlinger; Matt Reich; Norman Lewis; Jos. Piette; David Rovencher; John Dickison; Matt Reich; Frank Reich; Chas. Otto; H. E. Carlisle; A. Carlisle; Albert Courtade; Octavo Domine; John Carlisle; Henry Courtade; John. N. Courtade; Thos. J. Lambert; John Schlosser; Peter Courtade; Claud Willsey; Frank Willsey; Lewis Courtade; School; J. R. Courtade; Freeman Rasho; School; Frank R. Forton; Russell Vanderlip; Frank Forton; H. J. Forton; Marion Weathers; Ed. Forton; D. Russell; H. Breighaupt; H. J. Forton; Frank Forton; H. J. Ullman; State Land; State Lands; Garfield Twp.; Finley Hammond; Chas. Nerlinger; Louis Wells; C. E. Irish; Jesse Wells; Chris Milbert; Bert Leach; C & W King; A. D. Miller; L.E. Ainslie; F. W. Smith; Bruce Loucks; Fred Randall; Frank Weathers; Don Cleland; D. Provincher; Betsey Weathers; John Chandler; D.G. Chandler; Adam Miller; C. Lambert; H. E. Carlisle; Cliff Wilbur; D. G. Chandler; Chandler Lake; High Lake; Fred Strait; J. W. Courtade; E. W. Hastings; Wm. Fahringer; E. V. Davis; F. D. Taylor; State Land; John Dals; A. J. White; H. J. Ullman; Vanderlip Lake; A. J. White; H. J. Ullman; Mud Lake; State Land; John Bopry; Frank Riedle; Whitewater Twp.; Chris Milbert; Fred Fromholt; Peter zimmerman; C. M. Potter; School; J. H. Radcliffe; Chas Peart; School; Louis Bohrer; Res H. D. Carpenter; Walter Fiegur; L. Crane; Wm. Radcliffe; Darius Carpenter; Chas. Briel; Res Wm. Briel; John Sharkey; Wm. F. Eikey; G. E. Englander; Adam Milbert; Wm. F. Eikey; S & C Mills; D. G. Chandler; Wm. Cell; Caleb Bennett; Hiram Hodge; W. A. Chandler; H. J. Slade; Mrs. C. M. Haney; Peter Kimmerman; Mike Flannigan; O.V. Pool; John Sharkey; Albert Stewart; W. H. Tremain; Wm. Paton; E. C. Lake; R. Gooling; Wm. Briel; Joe Dreves; Peter LaCrosse; Wm. Briel; David Smith; Schuknecth Schurer & Fry; Crooked or Hog Back Lake; Spider Lake; Munov Lake; Bass Lake; Island Lake; J. D. Crotser; Mrs. J. J. Schuknecth; Thos. Hansberger; A. J. White; Spring Lake; D. G. Chandler; Frank Riedle; M. Wright; Rennie Lake; Geo Payn; U. S.; State Lands; A. J. White; D.G. Chandler; H. Shaw; John Wrightman; Oval Wood Dish Co; Joe Scott; L. Sayers; Ray Evans; L. Sayers; John Cudney; Johnson; Ray Evans; Boardman River; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Wm Wrightman; Eugene Moffet; M. Culver; A. M. Lewis Est.; Barney Anderson; Cobbs & Mitchell; Peart & Flannigan; Ed. Hock; E. H. Parish; M. Grattefield; J. C. Gibbs; B. J. Marga; Anna. M. White; Wm. Oller Est; G. R. & I. R. R; W. J. Oller & Geo. W. Wise; Harlin Brown; Mill; H. J. Ullman; Boardman River; Queen City Electric Light & Power Co.; H. J. Ullman; Wm. Mitchell; State Land; A. J. White; D. G. Chandler; B. J Morgan; Queen City Electric Light & Power Co.; State Land; John Vandervort; Shattuck & Davis; Union Twp.; Blair Twp.; Paradise Twp. -
K '61 ~iazzmf ~' ps1l MATurrA '~ fri ~~c~ 77c z.e'rStov cA- A.Jcrn 2rZ S/ae5- to ~t Nz~ fsac- w/LI o/tzI / >Z72fl Vt W rA 71 ý3 5z iflaa~ ZZc Ycc-tcc25? c)7 15;10 2 Z- N 20a44 vN >C.4erLQ m5a IFNA - YW - TO0WN'SH IP Smv 2 Cinches tolM~e. Y9art of -s~ownahip P 5 Xorth, '9an~qe -.10 Vest S9art of 57raetional O'owns3hip P 7 X~orth, Rlange I/ C W,)est and............ Y'art of Jaownahip 27 trorth, 2lange 9 Weat of the fieh igan S'Meridianrl T1kv a'W CzztJ/' 7Vc}cc' 4o 6'C Si Z c ~ccaZa 2-Fir'ca/ LC ygZZ-g!E? tA&/clO-z2 aftZ K~~Y tQ Bet/taý- TZ 12 /c ~ 0Nc/c l~i~CJFzet KI ý Z; -ý s76 -0 r22. 0 za'r Z-5r \I 2~/I r6 5//c taid (i1 Mt r, ~ ~ ~ ~ C rn Qn 1+ Kj 6, 02 Stir 7 Af/r e elf-- 40Y2Z ~Ct12 6-~ k~~~ /nz IPi Ammo -- rcz4P-I~ pY37~a Cy2 /i Cc; 25 5 /c 62"lt o' 5___ 0 *' a sAl Zr- C'/651 KS 6~' 4Nct L~tJ% ~ ct'crui RH ~% >~. cr'/crz[Eayuz~ ____ J~ 5% 40 140 U - U lArry Ccitt/cd 4CC) ~76-62 JeAn AK j Sc/cr' 'Cetr~~dcI Gear/c c/c - ci 4 i I I - ýr -40 Z I I Thzzoo - /662 -r- I /ie Ccii; <2 Cc I i - - -- I * 40 VA? 9cc;'!acts. ci ZZ137 7'cr 2A -7 4L7-,0( 40 40. r~tz C I cr/ct crra/ S/c/ctl a72 CZ20 N K) C 11 -Y- C--. -Z 4-- 1. i. i. _Z. Cf 61` - t- m - 515~~cA ci 40 C-fl I x I AIF Nj &C.'- ýj _____ T-t - Ifra ALSolid __ 4 ______ 777n -Z4ed6/c7 '3 VS K] Z72t2WN Y1c6-0 sc-f 2cr/ct 40 402~ 11 Frank F cc die 80 5 -/ / Ix L - I L - 722 ZC,,,/ZIfLi 11Q. 411 - I z... i 9 U f -r A) KZ a/~77rec K~} PZnzz/a/6 Cocizj 22/ec 40-e Ac-/cr 722 71k'> /Icr' S 46 Car'i 1~/27 4o The-c-i 9/re/c 40 \Ccilz~I 65'C S 27/C 4c 2Q77. 44c I/" F S7 17ZZ-7-Za 21 TZw Al UZ"'41\.at-- 614 - aft 27c I I I i I t9r-*--* K W- F - 4 - Era cc 12 eaclA i/CO U 6's Cc -=2 196 3CC 21 260m5 c Ch 40 VA~o T%38; 200 - i/c ý I I// ic--W )II Is. AM 43 '84fCz -2 -,To 5e IbAh PS-PP 4, 45 2 ZC 68 Qd/c Arr 2CA C-12 0- <5 Z 5% F> A dairY 5~f~ cr'/,8'0 f/I/Az 77' 27//fey - 20 fl~ K) N N I -Z, z; -M r, ý 4 2 I 1 1 1 1 I =74 42Z3=t I I I-- - - -77r 4~Y569 ' 1.1V-~ 11CT4 Ye/ 5aa'/ -,_Z7 I - SO - - '-5 ir -ZJO,1g0,12 '3948crWo ~J~k~tzl a -Z e AfCyI %faicy Fl 2 SI c-Cu Ice 180 r A 6cr'/ 5 ccc ar-f ErGLa/ta 435 - A'. C PC IN~Nj c-/c a -~ 2'ilrccca N N.7065 La CzOre zsc A 902 ['/4;;<-= Eri-i 1 Sc/ zzirra. & -I -, 0. K & ZtAC xri N Oco'-' 163/ a. ao cSr nzi I I I I rl 4 -A',.--- 4. - + rrrkk\ I ý tcef-, I ) 11; - I I I 11 ý-4))] 1)"a --71r cc -i-c? S Sc-i yen N 1' 1? c-cl' Cc F/a nazi ~r cyC - Gobbsaz -,9C -s Sd -5" F/cc/f 40 z cIt -'2--- ~~t2- - i/C y~p~~ 2850 40Id i//rn 2Zaria e/cia- 0 2/P/ci c/0 CIh ci -i/ czr"ý I T I I -'- --' I I " --ý- 4,.,' 1 r ý, I rzo 29L. I I -- W-- 2h, \--jFw i 1 a-r-d YNO/A -4,~ - Z7 I \\ m Na ~A- C. Ct/cbs ~9c Esx ~ 27 c/reAlc~i den ~zz/Iee ~cer c 7292 GeqIWZrc 4...0.................. c/CO \ - t-,,-:$ -~ 5, f-c--- -f'~ na's 22cr Qineen i Wiec in/c 40 ~tcfrA/ S ocoenCo 40 6- -z--, o Schraa +-~- c -,T0,-"' I-L -E v - TI)Y -r "6p Eon'nic '~ - 4nzder- Crc / 4~0 40 71 - 71/7-itlo S/a/c Cs I -L MY r-f

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Page  51

[missing figure]
Title: Map of Acme Township Township: 27/28 N Range: 9/10 W Section: - Keywords: Grand Traverse Bay (East Arm); Antrim Co.; J. Wheeler; John Rogers; Petobego Pond; Petobego Lake; B. Munsell; John Carson; Acme Twp; Elk Rapid; E. R. Cement Co; R. R. Phillips; John Rogers; Jas Selkirk: Lot 4; Edw. H. Carlile; Agnes Love; Gertrude Phillips; Res. of Hope Phillips; Minerva Jackson; Abraham Love; Horace Phillips; Sunnyside Dairy Farm; David B. Newcomb; Peter Morrison; Res. of C.B Lalone; H. C. Newcomb; Alonzo Minthorn; J. C. Morriso; Andrew Newcomb; Saylers Park; I. Audis; Horace Phillips; A. Anderson; Cem; Chas. Gurr; Peter Morrison; Chas. Groth; Geo. Newcomb; S. P. Dean; Hope Phillips; John C. Morrison; W. H. Fite; J. Skipperoosh; J. Skippergosh; T. Avery; J. Mark; Church; School; Church; A. M. Smith; Harrison Pulcipher; Quincy A. Thacker; Geo. Dean; S. E. Lewis; Dora L. Hale; F. M. Hale; S. P. Dean; Chas. Groth; Everts Sayler; S. H. Sayler; W. T. Reid; R. H. Reid; H. B. Lackey; E. V. Hill; Bertha E. Welch; Hattie Allen; F. Allen Est.; Laura Innie; Res. of John Barrett; Harrison Pulcipher; Arthur Dobson; M. M Welch; Frank Stafford; L. C. Hayes; Bertha E. Bennet; C. E. Fife; Wm. Ferris; Everts Sayler; S. H. Sayler; Michigan & Indiana Land Co; Res. of G. Bosner; M. J. Wealsh; J. W. Hanna; Geo. Jackson; M. A. Klees; Alfred Laming; Wm. Selkirk; Rhoda Smith; W.A. Dewey; Res. of P. McDonald; Daniel McDonald Est; John Pulcipher; Eliza Martin; Guy L. Champney; May E. Kilderhouse; Horner Hoxie; Ida Luding; Christiana Zick; Annie B. Wilber; Mary Pulcipher; John Pulcipher; Thos. J. Ward; Yuba Cr.; L. H. Brackett; John Bennett; Orren Hoxie; B. W. Taylor; A. Clark; M. Hopper; P. Young; Austin Baynton; John Baynton; Banna P. Paige; E. J. Conant; C. W. Thacker; Geo. Kirkby; Freeman Baynton; M. C. Green; Mait Bacon; J. W. Greer; Jas Selkirk; Austin Baynton; S. R. Harsh; A. Leiter; John G. Leiter; Wm. Selkirk; L. Wright; Cottage Home Farm; W. H. Jackson; James Selkirk; Northern Michigan Transp. Dock; Raney & Smith; Guy L. Champney; Sam'l Lichty; John Hoxie; S. Hoxie Est.; John Olson; Jos. Hanna; Dan'l Johnson; Jos. Hanna; School; Cem; Mrs. I. Livingston; M. Hopper; A. Dotson; Aug. Dobson; R. Stites; G. H. Silver; Lavern Smith; George Smith; Res of Vern Smith; Dan'l Johnson; Jos. Hanna; Peter Enquist; Jos. Taylor; Lavern Smith; John Moran; B. W. Taylor; Maria Hopper. L. H. Brackett; Walter Mull; C. L. McMullen; Mait Bacon; Dennis Hoxie; Geo. A. Griffin; S. R. Harsh; W. A. Lee; School; Chas. Rewald; H. C. Bailey; John Bayton; J. W. Arnold; Ed. R. Fox; Jared Fox; Church; J. C.; Mrs. A. Worthington; W. M. Gibson; Nathaniel Storey; Chauncey Seeley; Laura Whiteford; Thos Moran; John Morris; P. O.; Jane Dobson; Joseph Smith; Geo. Yack; Dewitt J. Steadman; Wm. Force; D. Bannon; Ezra Wethy; Della Butler; Alfred Lautner; Nicholas Knieper; D. Hoxie; Sidney Van Camp; J. E. Lemon; Geo. West; Laura Whiteford; John Durmas; Ralph C. Estes; ACME; Pere Marquette Railroad; A. H. Crisp; Chas. H. Estes; Hiram Claypool; W. A. Lee; O. J. Whitson; G. W. Whitson; James Boyd; Hugh Boyd; Bates P.O.; Thos. Moran; Est. of Phoebe Page; Hugh Boyd; Chas W. Lee; C. E. Clap; S. T. Whitcomb; A. M. Nichols; J. J. Kenny; Wm. Richards; W. Stites; Wm. Stites; H. Bates; Wm. Tibbitts; Dr. Garner; Allen F. Little; Wm. Stites; W. Stites; Theo. Whiteford; J. T. Johnson; Ezra Wethy; Grant Conrad; Welcome Perryman; G. Parryman; A. Z. Green; E. F. Clark; Knieper & Lautner; Calvin Durkee; Melvin Grody; J. N. Fuller; John Young; Emily Gillette; Chas. Johnson; Geo. Heatly; John Duncan; A. H. Crisp; L. Smith; Laura White; Mrs. A. L. Worthington; John Story; Thos. Moran; Ben Story; James Selkirk; D. Hoxie; C. H. Estes; Whitewater Twp.; East Bay Twp. -
* C Cs __ 4-:.6 ~' 7 2,,Jj Crz 47 T 0 W N'Ss-HtI C 2 inches tozgii0. ~art of S`ractionat Uown-shzps '27 and 28 St4"orth, R9anges 9 and YIC est of the Jiehigan S%,eridian 14 k YIN' >N(\t / -cv'- X.' // * *svzy j/'/- /7777 - f r~ cro o I4 v mom o Jor 03Z 7n7 7 ~$ tA/fl 60,4-0 0 Z72forez,?g~ Jtforcc~-f"2"2tc rtr/a 0j 502 C2-Z f0p4)9 q -zcg a iS C ~ or'/cfana esc~Sr r'Q 4~tc 40/c U - zlry q7ann Zly y, gor~4 S~oxieIVot. Beza o ic Locc0iftub 'seZA z n/ a,o V,3.q Rage WU4 A

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Page  54-55

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Title: Map of Peninsula Township Township: 29/20 N Range: 10 W Section: - Keywords: Map of Peninsula Township; Grand Traverse Bay (West Arm); Grand Traverse Bay (East Arm); Mission Point Light House; United States Light House Reserve; John A. Buller; J. C. House; R. Peterson; B. F. Schetterly; Jas. Burden; Flora S. Richardson; John M. Franklin; Wm. Tompkins; Wm. Tompkins Jr.; A.R. Tompkins; John Tompkins; H. Dana; Matilda Tompkins; G. Dana; Chas. Dana; W. R. Pratt; T. T. Reese; E. J. Brinkman; E. S. Waite; R. C. Browning; Ridgewood Farm; J. C. Howe; W. D. Bagley; Jos. Archer; T. T. Reese; S. S. Walker; J. Marshall; O. Parker; Jas. Swaney; Mary E. Swaney; Chas. Swaney; Chas. Swaney; Geo. F. Swaney; John Swaney; J. Lardie; E. Ladd; S. B. Tompkins; Jas. Lard; B. Herbert; L. Swaney; Rob Swaney; W. H. Herbert; Dr. A. Prescott; Wm. Pratt; C. Spruit; F. W. Stone; J. C. Darragh; Old Mission; Old Mission Point; Old Mission Beach Association; C. W. Leffingwell; S. S. Walker; S. B. Tompkins; J. Marshall; Wm. A. Marshall; S. B. Tompkins; M. Ghering; O. Burton; W. G. Tompkins; Murry Tompkins; Montague Bros; E. O. Ladd; W. Golden; I. G. Haze; W. G. Tompkins; John Holmes; Fanny Swaney; L. Swaney; The Maples; Jas. H. Roberts; A. T. Tyrer; Cora Stevens; Chas. Zang; M. Ghering; Wm. Ayers; D. B. Eiman; M. J. Gilmore; Guy Tompkins; Dudley Griffin; F. C. Warner; H. Seel; E. P. Cleary; Morse & Kent; John Kroupa; Bert Lannin; J. Lannin; Rachel Lannin; C. E. Lannin; Morse & Kent; Thos. Ghering; Geo. Kitchen; M. L. Gore; School; H. Dohm; F. Stevens; Geo. Harvey; Homer Gore; Cem.; Lyman Strong; A. C. Leighton; Wm. F. Christopher; John G. Mills; A. M. Willobee; Lyman Strong; Brimmer; Chas. Stanek; F. D. Brimmer; John Kroupa; M. Chering; Annie Flack; Belle Rose; Ethel Chering; Benj. Chering; Res. of Jos Stanek; Rosa Stanek; John Kroupa; Capt. F. L. Johnson Estate; Capt. E. Emery; P. Zoulek Sr.; A. Zoulek; Eliz. McCluskey; Ralph McCluskey; A. Zoulek; O. Nelson; Jess Christopher; Church; C. Lancaster; G. Nagg; Henry Helfrich; A.B. Lackor; Edward Helfrich; John Helfrich; Geo Bourasaw; Peter Hummel; F. Jamieson; G. H. Jammieson; Wm F. Christopher; John G. Mills; A. M. Willowbee; Wm. Dohm; Edward Helfrich; A. B. Lackor; Lake; J. W. Waldron; F. Kroupa; Store; Dock; Store Dock; Joe Kroupa; Ne-Ah-Ta-Wanta; Traverse Point; Bowers Lake; W. Dohm; School; Miss Harris; Albert Kroupa; Rev. C. W. Chase; John McManus; W. R. Johnson; Saw Mill; E. N. Emery; Kroupa Bros; Store; John McManus; L. P. Zoulek; O. P Stevens; John Lardie Mapleton & Tele, Ex; Geo. E. DeGraw; Frank Edgecomb; G. Colveck; Geo. Mahn; Perry Fouck; C. E. Pulver; Geo. E. DeGraw; Eugene Umlor; A. Lardie Est; Geo. E. DeGraw; Mrs. Pulver; C. E. Pulver; Frank Smith; R. Smith; Frank Giles; E. Adams; Joe Valley; P. F. Lardie; Store; G. H. Valley; A. K. Kilmury; Thos. D. Combs; School; Joe Valley; Ida Sumner; Res of Wm. R. Stevenson; Thos. McManus; C. A. Nelson; O. Hedeen; Joe Kroupa; Alfred & Henry McManus; M. Johnson; Mike Lardie; Alex Carroll; Town Hall; Joe Valley; L. G. Schimerhorn; A. W. Schimerhorn; Frank Siles; E. Adams; Frank Smith; L.G. Schimerhorn; A. W. Schimerhorn; F. E. Brown; A. Bucere; Estella Gilmore; A. T. Gilmore; R. Smith; Church; School; Oliver Lardie; Forest Grove Farm; Curtis Fowler; Joe Kroupa; Alfred & Henry McManus; Ida E Dohm; Frank Valley; F. S. Fowler; P.O. D. Nelson; John Hoffman; Cem.; Alex Colman; L. Carroll; A. T. Gilmore; H. W. Fowler; Alf. Lyon; Church; O. J. Benson; Chas Cooledge; Bert Kroupa; Joe Kroupa; A. Nelson; F. Nelson; O. Larson; L. Swanson; Carl Ahlstrom; Oscar Swanson; S. Carroll; And. Carroll; W & G. Carroll; Aug. Rosenaw; B. A. Benson; A. J. Wilson; E. Nelson; W. M. Smith; Fred Nelson; C.F.O. Nelson; J. Warren; O. Lyon; Mrs. P. Carroll; Oscar Lyon; Aug. Olson; A. F. Erickson; O. Larson; Frank Buchan; W. J. Buchan; Henry Schetterly; O. Sundien; Robert P. Garland; E. H. Burkhard; Chas Olson; Curtis Fowler; Henry Schetterly; P. Elistrom; Chas Garland; School; J. W. Hilliker; A. G. Seaborg; Chas Olson; Curtis Fowler; A & S Carroll; A. G. Seaborg; Willow Point; Elizabeth Buchan; Gwendolyn Schetterly; Moses Rich; D. G. Kelly; A. C. LaFayette; A. T. McManus; James Kilmury; S. J. Kelly; Alice Montague; Belle Ekstein; Chas. Robar; E. G. Seaborg; Rev. E. Helberg; Jas. Widdis; Rebbeca Warren; Chas. Edmonds; Chas. Wells; E. Adams; W. E. Johnson; Jas. Hawkins; F. J. Browne; F. Palmentor Robert P. Garland; J. J. Russell; W. B. Gray; E. P. Gray; May B. Hagoon; A. P. Gray; Hall; Church; P. Sunquist; Alice Montague; Cornelius Hawkins; H. Ingraham; F. R. Grubb; H. Ross; Res. of Ray Grubb; E. S. Nelson; A. Duffek; Earl D. Adams; A. J. Wilson; E. V. Palmer; School; A. J. McManus; W. F. Wilson; H. Bargelt; Edward McMullen; Adelaide & Frank; McMullen; Geo. Palmer; Dan H. McMullen; Edward McMullen; Geo. Palmer; McMullen; Wm. Heubel; Fanny Sherman, Tena & Adalaide Holdsworth; Wm. Hopkins; F. R.Grubb; A. J. McManus; Mrs. Geo. K. Newcomb; G. B. Gifford; Geo. Palmer; Res of J. O. Richardson; E. S. Bissel; Wm. McCool; A. Kenner; Adolph Brosh; Henry Byers; J. B. Masters; School; D. McKinley; Will Goble; Chester Lewis; W. Goble; D. McKinley; Clara Ball; R. J. Price; Black; John Right; A. A. Kenner; N. A. Wright; Walter Goble; W. Goble; Will Goble: Chester Lewis; D. McKinley; Evelina Ziegler; John Ziegler; E. J. Goodrich; F. W. Wilson; T. J. Anderson; W. F. Harsha; E. W. Cornell; F. Allert; Nelle Beard; Thos. Sherman; Mrs. M. B. Schurer; C. A. Northup; F. L. Lee; J. Fitzgerald; Elizabeth Abbott; Mrs. E. P. Billings; Lucy D. Lewis; F. Allert; Agnes Abbott; Edgewood; W. L. Thomas; Mrs. John Gillis; B. B. Garner; Geo. King; Helen Marks; R. Hatch; T. H. Sherman; J. D. Billings Est; Lillian Baldwin; Est. D. Matteson; V. Palmer; Jacob Schadler; James McIntosh. F. Allen; L. Turile; H. G. Parrish; Mrs. Haney; John Bell; Matilda McManus; D. O. Minor; O.C. Merrill; A. J. Hausding; Roberts Est.; O. P. Anderson; W. L. Hausding; Mrs. Elmdorf; L. G. Bryant; Est D. Matteson; V. Palmer; Lillian Baldwin; Howard Estate; J. S. Horton; F. Brosch; J. D. Billings Estate; J. J. McVean; Bassett Island; Marion Island; Mrs. Marion Fowler -
El ý-;"`WZý;Ill F! K It IV SI IIII =41 "Mal

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Page  57

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Title: Map of Mayfield Township Township: 25 N Range: 11 W Section: - Keywords: Blair Twp.; Grant Twp.; Wexford Co.; Paradise Twp.; Loren Moyer; F. Hamlin; H. Dowd; F. Cox; Geo. Simmons; Linus J. Tobey; Crystal Spring Farm; Ralph Kreiser; H. B. Courtade; Wm. Matzen; Peter Biermacher; John Weber; G. Weber; S. W. Frazer Est.; Weber Dairy Farm; Peter Weber; T. Doneth; Jersey Dairy Farm; G. G. Nickerson; Amos & Emmory Nickerson; W. H. Reamer; School; Jos. Bauer; Frank Clouse; Peter Nink; Paul Wurm; John Keople; Case & Crotzer; Thos. Worm; Evergreen Farm; Jos. Weber; Case & Crotzer; Church; Case & Crotzer; Frank Wurm; Adam Wurm; Theo Wurm; Peter Wurm; Mrs. A Steinmiller; Ira Linton; Carl Pauls; Nickel Plate Farm; B. A. Stone; Wm. Nickerson; Chas. Weaver; John. A. Schramm; Aug. Rahe; School; Leo Riel; Alvin Riel; Sidney Weaver; Giles Nickerson; Eugene Norton; H. Norton; Peter Brantigan; Mt. Hope Farm; E. A. Nickerson; Wash Cox; Piely Hill Farm; Alma Leggett; Pleasant Valley Farm; Warren Horton; Tom Michele; L. Horton; Anton Steffes; Wm. Martin; Peter Bierma cher; Curt Ormsbe; John Keople; B. Giffin; J. K. Miller; Tom Engel; Wm. Bott; Sam Griffin; Pleasant View Farm; Christ Weber; Ben Bembeneck; Wm. Mack; Albert Crouse; Ben Bembeneck; R. Barts; Mulberry Farm; Frank Schmuckal; Jacob Ming; Adam Snyder; F. L. Engel; Case & Crotzer; Jos. Steinback; Ben Worm; Jos. Lux; Giles Wickerson; Anton Okert; John Fein; Wm. Logie; Chris Okert; Case & Crotzer; Ludwig Homrich; Emil Schramm; Clover Blossom Farm; Sam Nickerson; Jos. Okert; Gus Pauls; A. B. Stinson; Church; Oliver Houghton; Chas Hancy; Jas. Duffey; Eliz Cronkhite; Geo. Madison; Fred Schramm; Cem; V. Pease; Chas. Davis; Chas. Johnson; D. W. Cousins; W. Cook; School; Jack Homes; Louis Sands; J. Guger; J. Griffin; Louis Sands; E. Brainard; Leander Shook; P. J. Pahl; D. Pahl; Jos. Homrich; Jake Dornbecker; Philip Homrich; Peter Hanson; F. Schmickal; Fay Ormsby; Fred Wedow; Michael Zie; Stock Farm; Peter J. Snyder; Shady Nook Farm; Thos. Rawlings; Jos. Wurm; Nick Younglas; Matt Fasel; E. G. Rawlings; John Fein; Town Hall; Wm. Harrison; T. W. Harrison; John Kriser; Anna Kuhlman; Chas & Eva Lament; Elm Farm; Matt Knichel; Nellie Conant; Henry & Eliz. Reund.; Wm. Harrison; Frank Gilles; John Michaels; Lester Wheat; Elb Wheat; Case & Crotzer; Jas. Wise; James Nickerson; Ebb Wheat; Arthur Starr; Buckley Douglas; Frank Mackey; M. W. Bosworth; Chris Johnson; E. Buckley; Albert Smith; Mannesseh Flansbury; Buckley & Douglas; Edmond Hopkins; John Dankers; Albert Smith; Henry Donkers; John Bolster; Buckley & Douglas; Albert Smith; Henry Donkers; Chas. Drachka; Louis Sands; Jos. Michaels; John Brodrick; School; John Paffhousen; F. L. Engel; Wm. Melvin; Geo. Cole; Cloverleaf Farm; Geo. Gray; E. Buckley; Lewis Marrigold Est.; Chas Lament; Harry Workman; Alma Tilford; Shoenmacher Est.; Jerome Reamer; Wm. Harrison; Aaron Box; Chas. Box; Amos Box; Wm. Taylor; John Taylor; Thos. Matchett; School; Lorine Davis; Fred Walker; Henderson Smith; Buckley & Douglas; Daisy Farm; Gottlieb Henschell; Louis Sands; Buckley & Douglas; McKilop & Hopper; B. Ornsby; Thos. Rawlings; F. Miller; G.A. Brigham; Hugh Griffith; John Clark; Anna Vick; Cal Davis; Wm. Hill; Buckley & Douglas; Buckley & Douglas; P.H. Stebbins; Louis Sands; Wm. Petrie; Phil Schiehtel; Wm. Bightner; G.A. Brigham; Conrad Hammer; Cas. Storrs; Red Elm Farm; E.B. Gibbs; Cyril Evens; Henry Hammer; Hiram Taylor; G.R. & I. R.R.; Otto Stoyke; D.P Taylor; Church; Frank Mattchet; Rodney Rogart; Simon Schuster; Byron Halett; Willis Allen; Warren Taylor; Simon Schuster; Aug. Liek; D. Dixon; Almoda Hall; David Dixon; Harvey J. Nelson; Irving Corning; E.C. Briggs; School; John Knoch; C. Allen; Eber Calkins; Buckley & Douglas; S.S. Trevett; Patrick Kildee; Louis Sands; Wm. Osborne; Buckley & Douglas; Carl East; Clark Hall; P. Schuster; Warren Taylor; Myron Taylor; Buckley & Douglas; Rodney Davis; M. Stack; John Melvin; E. Blackhurst; Wm. Melvin; Marion Middaugh; Wexford Corners; Henry Calkins; Fred Calkins; Chas. Vallean; Mos. Vallean; Michael Cronin; Wm. Kildee; Wm. Allen -
57 TfJhhMAYFIELD... MN-1.-1 TO0W NS HI P Vownahzo 2i X-orth S01ango 1 West of the Micohigan Xeridian LILA JR ON 3.7.4/? 9 'K N ThK cA' ow~rt ~ /76 cit ~ 63.6-9 R. Ccc 6C2/2W22 ~1' ~ 4.5g V t ~ in usA 42.~9a.4s20 4 N' Eieryrc N~ c 7242 N N ~ ar~.' ~ rater a 0. aýZ6!s t Arse Y2~3 a:.0~ 6a din O5tA{&W?0> i/er 27. 2 Ar 4,6. & P Cas C a 7/cc 40 4, Cctea az Crc i2ez' 2-2ra 4 5W4. e?4 -e? ýrra.n.AZ I; ~ U. NCA(,72 40ý Case a K~r.~rc~A1 40 >.<i Co 0-Inc Z'ZC73 5ael S 540 ~ k.2'.5C 6~ tircA Jlermi2 rw -y2'rll A- qz 1) Fa6 n ZZa AftUberrq.Fhrzn so 5th 122 Jacob0 sq) a Bait j%2'm'n 40 S J2ts ~.6~29? I 40 \f. 0~4 40 -905 40 >4yz bra. Ctcr'7 S I ~0 1ý Ny K ~ K3 K mm 'K L> otl Kit VIZ2 - /1&z I.000 *. sol *., - S A> t % -Jo ~ K N N N>N Sq W-1 lfc/ zr 'ccc C/or,50J2 2 Sot'n '-S/? 90/0 Jetý 40.Sr'zl N(`eaeL 375,~y 'K N N 5'0 50 a 4o 7/ta. J~03'ia so z 422 e 2'6.'C > 5WP42 awe 7/t at ocitT - -,a12 2.72 02 Z.,~.s<ego,9 raS1rar-2m~rcs -7Thy Zx NýýI-y~n,ch&zO-o H PA) 29Z' >/ ties fl-S ~ ~ q - 4rc ~ 64 c mite4ý -4 AB. St~~ c z/or /k -,F, ~a z/t C-n~ / O/0 90 C-aa - c7~;2C C C "' cc /76 % 766 i9/ sotz z9ccze oa 40 Ib~~rac, 1i6'i t 40 7_7-2 4 '<I> >K ~K 6cct2tr' r%~'~ C2214/C icrnn~cf __---A.090 I 5 ~'PbC~ihrnlaý Jo0efa zz J'czcZy/c -2 -G 'W r Z,62goC Yirh-zn 090~h 4zz,,z9 o CL-. l.Ayzzc aZl.i%2 '9 S so~ 40 4 B" z~ <'~~'-' 92~n.scza r 9m z1l-A1.Fbr',zKoo 41z S~DA ~2~ 22 (~ a2 SIr 09o ~-w K? 6K L/o-/zzo W/cA eIWL leaA, 2<" _t9' 12/i S 6 6;IZ Fr902_ FZci 732on ec /cQ 260 D A4.7/c ii 2C/.0 * A it c-rb *zsv <tA4,0 '20 _Z2? CL70 'A go C/c-a ~00.3'~z ct/ct A-,90 A'%zq~ 7~5 z0/ y&Z 7z~zlo 7/f 0c 7- 40 Z~c~ C o a's0ý0 - C, 9 Szzc// 4a ' 9VB~ti/'C7 ~ - TAos 0(22./fl 40 to i//cs 40 40 GA 0, 7ý _Z? 'IS,-'; ZZr zzz// Y2Szs '4 -A 0 1. It ~ It N, Kr> 420 -P, 2 P24~' 7e K K.) 'Mg It C' N "'K K K, 29-P 257/5/ a;.tbtt9i~2p N 2 4 0 40 NM' FK ~s It 624 ~ 40 7' FCi zit 40 'B-Doe:~ s 9cr 33 N k ~JtZ~~ 2 Za 62'.s5 ~ 2)ooineon Corn /229 A'S K A 'N It ~ K). a K I jN C Bc ct/c -5 -2. A'ezzr'y 2) Ca//tics KK) rc~zr _____ __ 3~20 ape 97>eo~,c//~22z'e Lt>~ /7~/C/c-c * <sO ua. ~.6'0 //Cl? zc Li 58. 650 2/ CoCO It N J2v I "~ It I I 5 Brici"6ý -D6~oe 54 a K 19 Zýý 0 B 5~/ca' 420 Ct 244'ron y/or beta,0 2 ON 4 49i ca TEALYKORD

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Page  59

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Title: Map of Blair Township Township: 26 N Range: 11 W Section: - Keywords: Map of Blair Township; Green Lake Twp.; Garfield Twp.; East Bay Twp.; Paradise Twp; Mayfield Twp.; L. O. Sackett; Silver Lake; E. Harr; W. L. Robson; R. Petrofka; John Canfield; E. E. Mainard; John Barber; Gottlieb Kavitch; C. A. Brighton; A. J. Minor; Lakeview; Jos. Nicklos; Wm. Brakel; John Brakel; G. P. Bisard; W. R. Brakel; Wm. Wagner; Rob't Travis; Roseview; E. W. Bartholomew; Frank Brakel; J. Cavish; Mike McGarry; Geo. Wales; Lena Hager; Mary Dohn; Dexter Slocum; Philip Dohn; Meadow Brook; E. A. William; Fred Eggli; Beitners; Boardman River; Electric Light House and Power Co.; Keystone; Chas. Jamison; J. M. Crandall; A. Tharp; Traverse City Brick Co.; E. Hock; Emma Cederstine; C. T Cederstein; Ceder; Wm. Will Heim; Chas. Evens; Wm. Beitner; H. C. Wheelock; Cherry Grove Farm; Chris J. Strohm; John Bohrer; Aloise Rousceh; Cyprian Seiger; Frank Norton; Antone Rousch; Jacob Brimley; Jacob Haise; Jacob Milbert; Fred Milbert; Antone Limberger; Fred Fromholz; Fred J. Umlor; Mrs. H. D. Campbell; Emma Hudson; Church; Silverdale; D. R. Campbell; C. E Aldrich; Emory Curtis; L. C. Nelson; J. & D. Nicholas; Fred B. Stephenson; W. J. Nelson; Eliz. McGill; Pere Marquette R. R.; Wm Beitner Cr.; School; H. Heim; Wm. Heim; John Heim; F. Mullen; John McMurry; W & J. Heim; Boardman Valley Stock Farm; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Troy Tharp; Alcana Thorp; Walter Monroe; Augusta M. Lewis; Jacob Henry; Henry Huffman; Chas. Peart; Blackwood; Grawn Sta. & P. O.; Geo. Aldrich; Chas Palmer; D. E. Crandall; Wallace Hoxsie; The Winner Farm; Frank Sawyer; M. Gilbert; Frank Tharp; F. M. Gardiner; Chas Rial; Reitner Cr.; Pere Marquette R. R.; Chester Williams; J. C. Shunk; Thos. Whaley; Wm. Beitner; Stephen McGarry; Will Heim; Geo. Heim Jr.; W. W. Downer; A. M. Lewis; Jas. Harkins; John Conroy; School; Peter Zimmerman; Bert Larring; Tom Macy; J. O. Clough; C. E. Clough; Cem.; Canary Cottage Farm; Wm. M. Hess Est.; G. L. Allison; J. E. Vance; R. Weidoff; J. C. Fowler; Martin Sheehan; David A. Swainston; D. E. Crandall Jr.; Earl Adams; John Lardie; Emory Rice; Wm. Todden; Oval Wood Dish Co.; Lewis Kersloter; W. H. Wheat; Church; Hiram Warren; C. E. Dennis; School; Wm. Miner; Susie Burnell; Town Hall; A. C. Peach; W. H. Wine; W. E. Withington; J. M. Runk; Avondale Farm; A. L. Nash; W. Nash; G. A. Brigham; Ada Gibbs; David Green; John Sullivan; Jacob Keisser; Elihu Williams; G. A. Brigham; C. T. Cederstine; Wm. Lambert; A. M. Lewis; G. H. Brownell; J. M. Brownell; Hartup & Taylor; J. H. Brownell; A. M. Lewis; Slights; Boardman River; J. D. Harkins; G. H. Brownell; Ada Gibbs; A. M. Lewis; D. Crouch; Harry Gray; Ed Meyer; A. M. Lewis; C. H. Rarick; A. Taylor; Nellie C. Fowler; L. G. Ayers; Ed. Palmer; M. Ayers; Emma Koch; Smith Brewer; D. E. Crandall; E. H. Koch; Geo. Smith; Andrew Clark; Lucille Manning; Stephen Stanley; Wm. M. Hess; C. E. Doud; D. E. Crandall; H.C. Murry; W. L. Nasheo; A.L. Tollen; C. E. Doud; Dowd Bros; Wm. Wood; W. Bushel; D. C. Colton; Mrs. J. Wagner; D. E. Crandall; J. Zie; A. L. Tollen; Chas. Hanley; C. H. Monroe; D. E. Crandall; State; E. A. Williams; H.C. Baker; Chas. Rice; H. C. Baker; Ada Gibbs; Addie Gibbs; Fred Eggli; A. M. Lewis; Chas. Jamison; H. C. Baker; Ada Gibbs; Wm. Newcomer; D. E. Crandall; Spring Vale Farm; Fred Hill; David Rose; H. S. Monroe; Byron Crain; C. J. Shell; Monroe Center P. O.; Elm Hurst; C. H. Monroe; M. McMurry; Maggie Adams; U. S. Ottinger; Frank Hulett; J. A. Staddlebauer; Mrs. G. Hulett; Geo. Widrig; Peter Dolar; M. Hargraves; Mary Weidenhammer; Wm. LaForce; D. E. Crandall; Jas. Hayes; Allen Widrig; J. W. Hoy; D. E. Crandall; James E & Martha Merrit; Henry Mox; Ella Drost; Chas Shumckal; Ada Gibbs; S. F. Page; Egglestine Kilinham; Montgomery Clark; Ada Gibbs; Geo. L. Gibbs; H. C. Baker; Chas Sadler; Cem.; Wm. P. Lang; Jacob E. Wagner; Calvin Spangler; F. M. Hamlin; W. W. Wanders; Maple Grove Farm; Carrie Hargraves; C. M. Watson; John Henges; M. Hargraves; Geo. Weber; Carrie Hargrave; A. M. Skeels; Anton Cavitch; Sunny Queen Farm; Theo. Gietzen; G. C. Pierce; School; John Dohmer; W. H. Briggs; Toney Bohmer; David Swainston; John Schumckal; Anton Cavitch; Frank Clouse; Frank Cavitch; Jos. Weber; W. H. Manville; John Lassa; Jas. Lassa; Chas. Schmuckal; Jas. Korb; Jos. Hunt; Martin Miller: Hill Side Farm; Cas. S. Willocker; Jos. Hunt; Oval Wood Dish Co.; Jas. Fillkins; Jos. Runser; Peter Brantigan; Sam Niekerson; Rob't Brown; Chas. P. Weaver; Eva Brown; Chas Sadler; Wm. Sullivan; Lone Maple Farm; Sam'l Weaver; Perry Hannan Est.; Chas Weaver; Grant Morgan; Keystone; Slights -
U~own-shso 2 6 orth 'Mange / I Vest of the fiehigan Ykertdian 36A ver'Bzsa 'D,-/,gJaA ozew$4 WI; ifv~ tnI4122 A7AZzc & &&C2{c 6 3224-51 0-1Z3VzzzZff-70 - JC~a/~47..Z~ -3 7-V.4f i- I -, i - rr-- Z r -s o e;) S9 Z72c(c in f3I-Q ~~, I/'7 TTVPA TONET J-Zl 5s2 goA '-Bcrc __ __._ k~i3 Z /-C-/2 A \) t/zn jo -41- - ( r-( C2lýý73A6F--Z` w" I 7 14) qj,\.~ tEli~ I- W40 L r" C~-7: C.1722 Z C7-4;ýl C) co (!F 4!'-Z-2 Z ZZA4o rl ills i i 01 e40:,3a-72An/ 3 CL- ZJC4 <!!:2 0 S __ Izk'cz2z 61222 * -4c U ~/3&- CS 5te~2c~zC ova 2k Carry J$Avz -40 2 z r22 -7A-zr- jN 7"1 717z;1 -,?"YPO -~ I ý.. ')'*I cz lJ6'C 2Jjr C1toe _57 rz z L-.. I A4Re -1 ft IS2V~tA1 CA a. s a 421ý'*227 - -Z/5'0 *5 3' '-1 I --k -Trv -a rwbfwý 1b1K7 IX 6%' If -7 7- - Tr- IF --W -7-7 F-N%. 1055ýv.471 -- ---l~r 77 CC. ~CJc 2@A 4i2rs CZS c I E22C..22 cc 'S ~ ý 92 C ~j.4 or F 272 Face ~r6' C.. 0 m if 0C/2 4c Z<96C7~ 40 U U It - Is. I S w * I 7$,-. A7cs/z 40 CA. cr227 - K) N ~j Q I/faA ISo L-~da.vz~ 40. Cr0/222 I> nrc/ce fY7 22 v # 2 Z2 CA "' Bra9A an; I I iýý I ý I. A It I 1 -7 -;- I All /7' IQ X. - - ---,y /2~ cat 440 -.4c I - - ýý 1- 11 1A.1 -;Z'0CCZ2 cr7 Crz'. 'pGtT J-0 Vr C f/b wootI CiSC Faa.zz Avon da Ic P&rzrt ~-1; 0 To. " -Qlb- I 0 N' Nt I._ Crca cc & Air c s ~ CI? lywor 3~62/li c22,ýgoo 627 Ccc/c-r ~ 4C 3cr ýjr N", 22 CroaccA cOO Cr-' C 7bcy icr Ac/a Cf/c? 40 --Z& C 160.11.. It -i I I-r 9/7 I L-r I - - x - - p IF I! --- i, Ic r~zro~o 242 222 /-77-4 2 oc 22925-4& ~jVJr1J1Y ale ~* ~7Tbea' alt S.rCc 0t Akv~ 1-2.4.c.2YY 46 aIg -.40.4< I Ap,ý i:,6 - xý%M -.-- iMISKXW= &7cZz 6'he17 I MC!?lrnkis 79/ c21/aiz, 10 '.0 6 4 rc 0 I.. T-i! i I I -;, - 5/cjc-/2 cr zCC /,.1 LL 27.17 Crezzz c&/J 120 oc~rc/ ICC Ckill[ 27.0D. C Cc/tori. Ar2-7 -c-10!PLO 79crzk' f/ia/eli ~ CS cc Ac/cizza s &,a.17 CC 540 ~er CA. F6 I St ~ czyeS 40.40 ~ A//era \Itdzty ~ ~ ~NVO -~3/ 2 C.1 V9 120.44 - -~--- 221'.0 2/ct (F) 2c 2c/a/ ICC 1. 200 67267-s (20 470. cAt 20 66 120 I &CC I 4ec0 I, 6~ II / 7r, Page 40 y/eSs/z~a~ 2 ~9o SSLytp 64d~e4; 0 rc{ c 2 CC 476. 40 <14 -22-- C02 25z Cr-cr c/n c'i /70 A 85 CII. OH.2.Z-C c3'cr 3/ac//eýa Ad CZa~b Asfa Cabts -Z &..Ac/ct Oa,,t.66 S & 0 Cc c.Ii.Z!/"6e c- Ye ze Jo* /e oVPZI91ZEflWOW 222~~42-- _____ Sy~l29e A1zzlie ___2__Z ei, -.70CC HC6s. 4hy zcaia e ntcA s~.c uzs~ Op ______ _____________ 'U,5' ____ 40Z CXZLIZA c'i O c cr// 27a-2Z I/c ~ I~ecre-7ap IC Far MA -YFIIJLhP TJIVP

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Page  61

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Title: Map of Garfield Township Township: 27 N Range: 11 W Section: - Keywords: Map of Garfield Township; Grand Traverse Bay (West Arm); Traverse City; Boardman Lake; Peninsula Twp; Leelanau Co.; Grand Traverse Bay (East Arm); East Bay Twp.; Blair Twp.; Silver Lake; Long Lake Twp.; Jas. Lautner; John Lautner; John Hoxie; Res. of A.W. Nelson; Winnie Shane; Sanford Fuller; Jacob Wagner; Henry Sachtleben; George Sachtleben; Orchard Lawn Farm; Robert Barney; C. M. Buell; Est. of O. Mead; F. W. Wilson; Henry Wishnewski; J. Knight; E. Adams; Jas. Hoolihan; F. W. Wilson; W. L. Brown; Sanford Fuller; Chas. Wellborn; N. R. Franklin; Alice Johnson; H. Sayre; W. Hoolihan; Cherry Valler Fruit Farm; Charles Manoville; T. A. Hitchcock; T. Mitchell; E. W. Wood; Wm. Eldred; Rounds; P. Bare; W. A.; M. M. Eldred; Est. of J. T. Hanna; Est. of James Garland; G. W. McWethy; E. Ashton; C. Pubus; Anna Koenig; Jul Koenig; Wm. Irwin; W. C. Wells; E. L. Taylor; Scott Woodward; Henry Wilkins; F. E. Moore; Boardman River; F. Burdsall; F. Kratochvil; Frank Brosch; Emily Billings; Bertha Brady; Henry Zeigler; Chas. passmore; Leon Titus; Henderson & Hunt; F. Burdsall; L. G. Bryant; F. Saxton; Lina E. Bryant; Grand Traverse Agri Asso.; Driving Park; L. G. Bryant; G. R. Brown; Chas. Bryant; John H. Dawson; E. R Carothers; E. H. Johnson; Clem. S. Brown; Jas. Harris; T. Harris; Rob't Bartz; School; Jos. M. Miller; Wm. F. Grant; John Gallagher; Jeorge Flack; Oswald Hirkner; F. D. Ransom; Harrison Ricard; Thos. Whaley; Brooks; M. M. Simonds; Est. of S. H. Hyde; Ernest Wellborn; J. N.; Cox; M.S.; T. S.; James Curtis; Geo. D. Lutman; E. D. Louks; J. Crotser; W. D. Youker; Traverse City; State of Michigan Asylum; Pere Marquette R. R.; Geo. Barlow; School; O. P. Carver; Cemetery; J. K. Agnew; Geo. Newton; Wm. Mitchell; Thorn Mitchell; Traverse City; East Bay; Hanna, La & Co.; Wm. Mitchell & J. E. Mahan; Chas. Parker; Frank & J. Horen & Clarissa Cook; E. Y. Linderman; E.Y Landerman; Alfred Hirkner; H. M. McIntyre; Fred Shrader; A. Lawson; F. J. Stover; Josephine Delmont; Alfred Campeau; Curtis Stover; John Limmerman; Rosemont Farm; Josephine Delmont; Wm. Newstead; Fred Robertson; Joseph Bickle; John Heuss; Caldwell London; Wm. Vanst; George A. Robertson; W. D. Youker; Jess Fouch; Riley R. Crain; G. G. Covell; Res. of Oren S. Case; A. J. Wilhelm; Rose Bud Fruit Farm; B. Barnes; Michigan State Asylum; F. Bull; C. R. Dockery; Ferndale; C. W. Wheelock; F. P. & H. F. Boughey; Gottfr. Franke; Emma Wilhelm; Jos. Zimmerman; Geo. B. Douglas; L. R. Ransom; Est. of A. Novotny; L. R. Ransom; J. H. Buell; W. D. Youkers; F. Weddle; Eliza J. Cox; Leonard Boughey; T. Wheeler; Slvan; J. W. Miller; S. Bushard; J. Nantz; Mrs. G. Hennesy; Solon Baker; R. Bushard; R. Brodhagen; Bingham Bros.; J. W. Miliken; Hanna, Lay & Co.; Frank Goodrich; W. Dietner; Thompson; Fish; Baresl; Bare; Pattse; Bove; Slater; Hanna Lay & Co; Res. of L. Zech; Frdk; Mrs. G. Avery; H. Flint; C. Brownell; Mrs. Haskins; Probert; J. W. Milliken; R. Strubles; W. Simms; M. Slocum; L. Zech; S. L. Case; Hanna, Lay & Co.; Mrs. A. L. Land; Traverse City; F. W. Thomas; Jas. Hubbard; G. Ramano; R.V. Davis; Kate McGruer; Vancel Kanchney; A. Karlowsky; John Zimmerman; Fred Dunn; Frank Canfield; Frank Dunn; M. P. Morris; Valetine Dunn; Geo Zimmerman; Herman Potrafka; Wencil Kratochvil; Spring; Frank Rudert; Estate of Jas. D. Shane; Res. of A. Hickey; John Zimmerman; Hanrietta Grunton; W. Bartek; C. H. Drake; D. W. Weese; Dean Craik; Paul Nemeck; School; S. Plucker; Geo. B. Douglas; Frank Kubeck; J. W. Miller; Ed. Kildie; E. J. Miller; J. H. Buell; Geo. W. M. Miller; Jos. Moriary; Jno. A. Shorter; C. H. Priday; E. L. Vaughn; O. H. Priday; Brodhagen; Richardson; F. Crandall; W. T. Routsong; Hanna, Lay & Co.; John Bora; H. C. Gore; Irvin Dipley; Geo Dipley; W. P. Crotser; Floyd L. Smith; Calista Wilber; Alfred Abbey; F. Light; Earl Adams; Leander Polmateer; Jess Wells; M. Lucas; F. Kilpatrick; F. S. Madison; F. Zantick; D. J. Springer; Malcom Winnie; Frank Bohrer; Albt. Dion; Frank Zanlick; Jess. Wells; Earl Wells; Lars Westlund; Finley Hammond; Edw. Adams; C. A. Hammond; Frank Kratochvil; John Newstead; School; Val. Dunn; John H. Youker; Wm. Saunder; Kratochvil's Plat; Paul Rusch; W. D. Cooper; Church; Vancel Chicok; Geo. Zimmerman; Jos. Wilhelm Sr.; Henry Wilhelm; Frank Wilhelm; Jos. Wilhelm Jr.; John McMullen; Theodore Peterson; Clinton McRay; Wm. Gravell; Henry Wilhelm; Lamont Gillis; Peter Gillis; Frank Eggli; Frank Kubeck; Res. of Caros Eddy; S. W. Down; Charles Dracka; John Ransom Est.; M. P. Norris; Geo. A. Bryan; V. A. Patrick; Wm. McLaughlin; L. Bisle; County Poor Farm; Boardman Riv. Power & Electric Light Co.; Dam; Power Ho; Frank Hattfield; William McLaughlin; Florence Antony; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Est. of W. C. Emerson; Wm. H. Smith; N. Bickler; Mrs. Rettie Rausch; Res. of Geo. Rausch; D. D. Gerard; Spr; School; Church; John Birmley; Jacob Brimley; Geo. Loucks; Henry Blackman; E. F. Gamble; Corn. Worm; Callia Edgecomb; Jas. Hayes; Chas. A. Emerson; Nicholas Bickler; Sarah J. Beith; Olive Perket; Frank Lutman; Jonas Hessem; Allie A. Burt; Silver Lake Hotel; Silver Lake; Frd'k Portrafka; W. F. & L. A. Campbell; A. Gottfried Kewitz; Wm. Fahl; Estate of Jos. Wilhelm; Res. of Jos. Gravell; James T. Robertson; W. S. Bigger; Wm. C. Van Leuven; Harvey Avery; Henry Wilhelm; Clinton McRay; Anna Kyselka; William A. Rennie; School; Elsie M. McGarry; Jos. Wilhelm; Geo. Rogers; Dan Pratt; Phillip Dolan; Ira Blood; Jerome Robbins; Alosius Rusch; Power House; Est. of W. C. Emerson; Boardman River Light & Power Co.; Ella M. Monroe; L. Cooper; Frederick Egglie; D. C. Eaton; Sarah Eaton; Jas. Crandall; Florence Antony; Wm. Baker; Jac. Milber; Warren T. Routsong; Peter Bickler; Frdk Hartman; Edw. Koch; Otto Bohrer; David Martin; Anthony Rusch; Corn'l Wells; Wm. Baker; Henry Voorhies; Paul Rice; Alice Sharkey; And. Forton; Chas. Pears; James Thomas; Henry Voorhies; Dominick Rakowski; -
"4- I YtA~ I LA LI~LI~LI~LA LA LA LAC'%A'tAL4* A~L4~L4$>4~A g% _ A I -5 T 0 goL~hF.2 7_ ng To 0 Za AZW a420 Reso% % arm Star/ State2OZ2.2 LO 272 N - ~So Co ~ias ~S ýCr Zl? d C AC. %?I wta N )Yzr 0Isnw-. e.7/ b eeoso 4-0 7-F 6 ~ - * z~ea'~ %~ es41 7pk~~~~1 5toNr In~k~~ cc 4> A~%e< Cirte S/ver CeryeA ~ 3 ~ottycz ).Sell ~ 1.'? ~tt-te -0~ (a~pa 0Z oe/o.z0czyiey 0~ r Iieridian t~at~-y5nYB.o - - *% hne6 Ina 407 &7zt7ce 10hZ? ~ ~ TT 0/1 N laia z9 t ac/n -T ante- floaya 7- t 6 460 *~~~~~I./ez 7izcoaI/sG -A JA/ZLb Sr R tr Bni ~ * -e ~ An. -Pa ec _76 v98 Jfe r P7/V 8c * ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l'Z Cope 6bnr Co P~ 5).Y.5 ~ &gZ Q '19~ei 72Ac/rn2 CraeyI. ~~r err 4X * qsaeof'jf1 Ae7- ver 13en ~02 5 5 ~ P-LJ C * ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 6 w~TnZ vcc- bdjd o_ VO~?B zCqn1 er #I;, j a/cc - Bee >- >3 prcg:,nIZ21.P4'Z2s rtc '-4o00.0 j Q ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ " 0'c sT~//zra C& ~9; Uhr-P'/e >~S L~ '~___A cola ~~j*Lcacf 4 2 rrl4~/olc cm sn ct a -z is 0 45U ZYFV.5/or-a am nZ6 0 -as 4i4 Br 6/c/crPaved ___ 160 arc r-c/- a. L.4F2 4er7 Vr A rsLor(~or ipoy- Iil I FQfFIIFQV'op

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Title: Map of Grant Township Township: 28 N Range: 12 W Section: - Keywords: Map of Grant Township; Green Lake Twp.; Mayfield Twp; Wexford Co.; Benzie Co.; Karlin; Green Lake; Mainstee North Eastern R. R.; Twin Mountain; Jas. Vokushka; White Star Cement Co; B. D. L. Co.; Mike Shorna; Frank Malek; John J. Hubbell; State Lmbr. Co.; Mike Shorna; Jos. Sluzak; Buckley & Douglas Lmbr. Co.; Green Lake; H. W. Cary; Henry W. Cary; Jos. Selemienl; T. R. Conlne; Albert Dovorak; A. Zyhadink; B & D. L. Co.; Anton Zuhradrink; Frank Zozulka; Jas. Burda; Anton Sebeny; B. D. L. Co.; Anton Svec; John Luce; John Svek; B. D. L. Co.; J. F. Pecina; Mary R. Wood; C. F. Read; B. D. Lmbr. Co.; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; J. Pollock; Johnson; Wylie Cooperage; S. E. Clark; J. Chappell; Wm. Cox; Maple Grove Farm; Harry Dowd; Wm. Cox; W. Cox; Manistee North Eastern R. R.; O. Whitman; Jos. Dovorak; O. Whitman; Maude E. Hall; M. Shinshack; W. E. Douglas; J. P. Hall; Mud Lake; Jos. Dovorak; Chas. Pokormy; Chas. Pokormy; H. W. Cary; Karlin; Anton Ziska; A. Feetel; Vincil Mujik; Joe Slanee; R. Kanaz; Jos. Horesonsky; John Polonsky; A. J. Kratochvil; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; C. F. Reed; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; J. M. Schell; F. Legger; E. Winchcomb; Jos. Batey; School; H. McComb; August Schaefer; R. Harrington; Burford Ormsby; Philip Michels; Sunnyside Farm; Wm. Michels; Spilka; Frank Pakormy; Philip Copney; Jas. Yojleck; Frank Petucak; Jos. Kolpec; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; Twin Mountain; John Vanek; F. Crust; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; Wm. Christie; Chas. Gehrett; T. Baker; Wm. Cook; John H. McCombs; Owen Priest; Owen Priesl; Nellie Parker; Nettie Parker; Mary Standish; Town Hall; Geo. Herven; M. Pall; F. Gibbs; L. Russell; W. Robertson; Thos. Robertson; Church; Andrew Priest; Chas. Copeland; Eben Davis; E. Winchcomb; D. Clark; Homer Bissard; E. N. Broadway; School; J. R. Dixon; H.B. Barnard; Fred Duell; Anna Vanleishaw; Walter Pease; Arthur Taylor; Geo McCombs; Vincent Pecina; Rudolph Blaiek; Mich. Trust Co. trustee; Wm. Fluker; Chas. Zalud; Vaclav & Spereek; Thos. Egan; Jas. Kasor; Chas. Zalud; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; L. Markey; I. E. Barr; Jas. Martin; Frank Cook; Mary J. Cook; A. A. Burrows; S. O. Strickland; Mary Strickland; A. Harvey; F. Howards; H. Dixon; Pleasant View; E. E. Champion; Jas. Harvey; E. R. Kidder; E. R. Kiddier; Chas. E. Canute; J. N. Howard; Mrs. J. N. Howard; S. L. Bracebridge; O. J. Broadway; A. M. Schell; E. H. Barrows; Barrows Est.; W. Hicks; Church; Earl Cook; Millie Paul; Mary Cook; Duncan Menzies; Rich'd Zue; John F. Paul Sr.; J. N. Kennedy; Richard Zue; H. Douglas; Frank Hlava; Albert Pavlis; J. P. Hall; Peter Johnson; Henry R. Leggett; N. Hall; John Melvin; John Kammermy; J. Casler; Chancy Casler; Wm. Hanes; Chancy Casler; Lyman Hall; H. O. Earl; Chas. Berlek; Milton Strong; A. Rickett; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; Jessie & Lee Ramsey; John & Clare Ramsey; Jas. Dupuye; Jefferson Jewell; Albert Davis; Jas. McPhall; A. Ramsey Est.; F. Johnson; Ray Johnson; G. Johnson; Robert Cook; S. S. Trevette; Wm. G. Bracebridge; Jas. Gilroy; Caleb Morgerson; E. R. Sears; W. E. Sears; W. E. Douglas; Cassius Sheets; Cem; W. E. Bracebridge; Wm. G. Bracebridge; Wm. Goates; Church; S. L. Bracebridge; Jas. Gilroy; C. P. Harper; Alfred Davis; Wm. Coates; L. E. Rogers; Robert Coates; School; Wm. Coates; Anton Sopeslab; Frank Komaska; W. H. Dixon; E. Wilson; Buckley & Douglas Lumber Co.; John Bigger; W. B. Stewart; R. H. Davis; L. Parker; Fred Cook; Clark Hall; S. L. Denis; Simeon Hoyt; Geo. Garner; M. Wedge; Levi Bushan; Wm. Porter; Geo Hanes; J. Obermyer; F. M. Sawmiller; Thos. Egan; Mathew Carroll; Frank Langs; W. D. Ramsey; Ella Evans; Ed. Evans; Saw Mill; Poplar Grove Farm; W. D. Ramsey; School; Frank Cotton; H. Carmichael; Sarah Dixon; H.O. Earl; Ezra Bennett; Geo. Coleman; L. Copley; A. E. Bennett; Harry McPhall; E. W. Reed; Lyman Stephan; Pat'k Stack; A. E. Brigham; L. E. Rogers; C. P. Harper; Fred Skinner; Theo. Lemcool; Thos. Lemcool; J. W. Harper; Geo. A. Riley; Fred Skinner; Fred W. Skinner; John A. Riley; W. H. Dixon; W. I. Auyer; Lester Priest; Mrs. A. M. Brigham; W. S. Bigger; Earl Est.; Lester Priest; Asa Paul; Wexford Corners; J. G. Brighty; Verne Smith; Frank Smith; Myron Baldwin; A. S. East; John Lennington -
Uownship 2$ 3/orth Stange 12 "West of the Sichigan $feridawn |l S^ ^Cj cfr4'j L. l J /s. tzz _ _ _ _ _ _ _ * ____z-rA___; ___ - *- _ ^ Cc x e I 0 0s. rc0 i ',7~ 4 0_/ ýj CS -Ira4 4 cki cud^.-'!7' ric Je^^^n 1~ &KJJi. zzCL. C ~2t2 9c Ce^ c C 01226 Ccl -ji- ac/e 1| s6. N AZ-1 cZa2 i ru Fe t- rs, 5761 A cycc S.? ___. ^_ _' < V y Pz___ _ _<^ /<' _ _ -e'acZ. *. S ij ey J o ^ -- 1- - - Arfl-- 40 40AlR ctt MBC S ^7 QVV0^;2)^.B7Cd C IPCJ2 qjS K5-\J^ ^!. f^ ^^ > & C cooi~ eAd~c~c/___ ^^ ')/ '!")17921 /; tt ljzr Ceelt^ '* Jlicara 7j ^> z~ Kj 'C'-o,n ^ M~c&r22 icrf fcgycuf~-- ~y2cz AQ/7c72 / j Iasy^^ ^-.. qjf > Zi^ccswla 1'CCC-^ ^y &e")^.,-, 17cd S| ---:^ -15.^ - ^ - ^-- 7 %c^ A^ " ~^~ ___ __ ____| ^P12scr 16cV~f MO-7o~y \ ~257 40 *r ^ ^ _H.(i^, ^ WI)ýI 552 CT1 7Z ___ ^^*^Z^^'t^ ^ cc,___ ___,cc< r^Izo'f~7 c^/Z c'"^.8zz __ __<? __ ____ 3K9^~~~r Nd Beani eI ce N~~e ^ ^c~~r'u Ca.^~e ^ ^> hoe^ ^ P..~ c~cy <0 K^- y%/cs/clsal~~9 __ _____ 4 S52 d l u'1 ^ S >%9- B~ ^ SDc W a 4j ire_^C ^ ^_ =- " ^$.-2 -- 'i& ^rI --- a-0-(cr '4^,ld ^^^ -6^ ---^^ ^ C ^ 0c^, te~z s '^^. ^s F',1 ^^ ^ E'^ A Or __ *$ },0C^l^ 4^_^ u ".I 2^T^ -*- - -I - ~; * --- - -ETv--- --- 40f~y^ -^ X / ^~j gc ] aw ^ U J^w y ^'~ ii ^ i 5ls y%^ o y ^^r^^ ^&-V^ ^y f --^^ l^-^^7z^ ^ ^^. ^?z7-0~ ||~~~~~~~j Begs_^ c^ ^^^ ^ "^ " ^ ^^

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Page  65

[missing figure]
Title: Map of Greenlake Township Township: 26 N Range: 12 W Section: - Keywords: Map of Green Lake Township; Long Lake Twp.; Long Lake; Part of Blackwood; Yonker Lake;Cedar Hedge Lake; Round Lake; Bass Lake; Blair Twp; Grant Twp; Benzie Co; Green Lake; Lakeside Resort; Diamond Park; Peninsular Resort; Duck Lake; Ellis Lake; Mainstee & Northeastern R. R.; George Murril; George McLellan; Buckley & Douglas; Buckley & Douglas; W. J. Sexton; Buckley & Douglas; W. J. Saxton; W. J. Saxton; Wilbur Tuller; Milton Shirk; W. J. Sexton; W. W. Henton; F. E. Rosecrans; Buckley & Douglas; Buckley & Douglas; R. L. Hulburst; C. F. Read; R. Goodrich; Buckley & Douglas; Wm. Fahl; Randolph Petrofka; R. G. S.; Oval Wood Dish Co.; Frank Dunn; Theo. Strickfaden; Geo. McLellan; T. Slarrow; B. J. Morgan; Buckley & Douglas; Round Lake; A & J Zak; School; W. H. Ingleright; Fair View Farm; J. B. Smith; Cedar Hedge Lake; Buckley & Douglas; Manistee & Northeastern R. R.; Wm Dexter; J. W. Smith; F. A. Gonder; Buckley & Douglas; W. J. Saxton; C. H. Shirk; Arch. McIntyre; Ellis Lake; Cora Carpenter; Josiah Eley; A. C. Gardner; Will Shippey; R. H. Hulbert; Pleasant View; Archie McIntyre; W. P. Wright; W. J. Saxton; R. H. Hulbert; Oval Wood Dish Co.; Henry Anthony; Saunders Homestead; Abe Saunders; J. Hyman; Yonker Lake; Isaac Starbuck Est.; School; Sarah Fouts; Patrick Golden; A. J. McDonald; H. D. Campbell Est.; A. Kimble; Mrs. Geo. Bowerman; Willard Marsh; Cem; D. J. Dorkey; Jas. Lampson; Bert Graham; Isaiah Dill; Tap. Hartline; O. B. Hunt; Adelia Adams; Francis Burnham; Wm. McDanie; Bert Graham; Frank A. Gonder; Pere Marquette R. R.; Tuller L.; C. P. Tuller; Cath. J. Sargent; Geo. Hopkins; R. Hamner; J. B. Delbridge; H. Terell; John McPhea; J. B. Delbridge; Florence Waggott; Interlochen; W. N. Lapham; Tonawanda Lake; Clarence Martin; Mud Lake; George A. Hart; Thos. Smurthwhite; Thos. Smurthwaite; L. R. Fouts; Jacob Peterson; W. J. Saxton; Maple Grove Farm; H. A. Saxton; W. J. Saxton; J. W. Slater; Isaac Starbuck Est.; J. W. Slater; John Anderson; Wm. Hess. Est.; Geo. Nance; Fred Knight; N. Pekarek; Martha Kelley; Sam Vanderhoof; O. Adams; Jos. Zdenek; School; Harriet T. Bridges; W. P. Bridge; B. J. Bridge; L. Smith; Al. Rose; Tuller L.; John B. Lucier; Wilbur Tuller; S. C. Gilbert; J. B. Delbridge; Aug. Bonnelly; Geo. Souders; Geo. Morrill; Wylie; Pennington & Fisher; Buckley & Douglas; Wylie Cooperage Co.; Pennington & Fisher; Geo. A. Hart; Geo. A. Hart; C. I. Marlin; Louis Sands Co.; W. J. Saxton; Louis Sands Co.; Ditrick Ross; Willow Dale Resort; Grist Mill; Alex Mason; Louis Sands Co.; D. E. Crandall; D. E. Crandall; Saw Shingle & Dath Mill; Saw Shingle & Lath Mill; Gen'l Store; A. J. Crumm; D. E. Crandall; A. B. Penrod; Mary Crain; Wm. Denecke; Miles Defreez; B. F. Cook; Buckley & Douglas; Catharine Pekarek; Willis Rhodes; Homer H. Olds; G. R. Rhodes; Buckley & Douglas; Geo. Rhodes; Buckley & Douglas; Buckley & Douglas; A. H. Harper; Buckley & Douglas; Louis Sands Co.; Duck L. Park; Louis Sands Co.; Duck L Park; W. E. Batey; Louis Sands; Ella Bruce; Maple Hill Farm; Frank Smith; Herbert Gilbert; Albert Thayer; A.g. Thayer; A. Thayer; J. M. Baker; D. E. Crandall; Brown & Kyselka; Willis Wightman; A. Brust; Thos. Hitchcock; Frank Murrill; Willis Baldwin; Irving Trobridge; W. H. Umlor; Wm. Baker; Clarence Martin; Pennington & Fisher; F. Maynard; D. W. Connie; H. K. Phillip; Buckley & Douglas; Anton Svoboda; K. Kresten; Frank Kraz; Jay P. Shelley; Buckley & Douglas; Louis Sands Co.; W. P. Lang; Ruth Davis; E. E. Barnard; Wylie Cooperage Co.; L. Wideman; Julia Birch S. Clark; Albert Thayer; Salt & Lumb Co.; Monroe Cent. P. O.; H. Dowd; W. Plant; W. Plans; Robert Bartz; Clem. Bartz Est.; -
..&- t ''om ASAN,s40 S & O eg;7%_ &kNWnWI Q, N -0 -WI & W IN00 4Z N AOSO AT 41140AS li, -k-) a 1942h Altýi4 AM giý 95114 I_( ftt gvlý), 92toll ^6 ^et - ^et left-V 1( ýýt ro-týw nal;*ýý lrýlt'ý A-, I-wi-kbrlwl 41 I,mown hip 26' Stoth Mange 1 2 Vest of the I 4? 'S 4 I I I I I I I I 40 op 3970 775i 4 o:.55.92 T4& 00a 4492 Vj5YjurZ6dle 494Piz X 7Z99 ~?csiy c0176 CC1C Wichigan oend/an 39722 Ec -A. Icy &r 2 sz 3630_po 240 td CA3: i r~~~ f7 ~ 1u~r 2o~qCa h; % LM~) (rA1 ) ) zN ý 1, -Mi1 I a AL F c'rsz ta A Ztap f!; ýf 67ec. I I A/-Zc 2V Z, cn/ho rS 6:3'0 Sczc/ciy&-K0-oe0teZ-2 40tainoo Kf 2TL9.7 2 RA aspect r40 C/sn. (oenZ-27 A0 _7TCcerago40toJWtcncc r~ce ~ZC o,80 __N?2VrcdgIN u0(7cJ A4sa2 Ltcte Ký J/iýc 160 aA~fl5 c J-3i6dyy K id rir str' overr heiýt's ZZhaycaEe Re IOQu "4)Co. 2 C30m 'E7t "4rC -.0 C5>8/t y,/ ZciCAas hee IT_________________________________ * K '12; E~et t Irk ýZo- I, I. CAdazizs 8o c/C7 0 60ic / J is 0 X-XY700ý I - - I -.. - - - - - - a.7/It 'lea 0 c~DcJrccz Ko ~40-CC 'K 7, in K ~0 >0 "it I - I -. - - -- -.gz -M M KI I - 'I ~2c 1%" E lmoagJL 4 I - ____________________ r4r21/IST w.1 i4 9 myr 7myr myr yor myr myr nagar yar asSur yor islor qlar isjur islyr injor yor yyy vilyr illyr qSyr Illyr j4pr __ QIV Olt, Olt, eta, Oyu Q,

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Page  67

[missing figure]
Title: Map of Long Lake Township Township: 27 N Range: 12 W Section: - Keywords: Map of Long Lake Township; Leelanau Co.; Garfield Twp.; Bass Lake; Green Lake Twp.; Benzie Co.; Sam Myers; Levi Zeigler; Maggie Benjamin; Fred Ansoger; S. D. Foster; School; G. D. Willobeck; Norris; & Son; School; M & N. E. R. R.; Lewis Rudhardt; Kate Corbet; Anton Newman; J. H. Gray; Truman Wares; H. Bankey; Anna Newman; Anton Newman; J. C. Johnson; Stephan Lautner; Edw'd Lautner; Anna Carpenter; Warren Tilton; R. Hughey; Stephen Lautner; J. G. Adams; Jos. Schwind; Elm Dale; Ava I. Collins; F. Ansoger; Hillside Grove; Adam Stricker; School; Chas. Merritt; Frank Redel; J. Kaselka; Emma Whalen; Jos. Allgire; John Schwade; Jas. Lodda; J. Whitkop; Wm. Fewins; J. Rokes Jr.; Chas. Satchleben; A. Lautner; W. Shane; H. Satchleben; Jos. Rokos Sr.; Edw. Lautner; Gray Bros.; Frank Korb; Jacob Wagner; Frank Kubesh; A. Wyncoop; A. E. Thomas; Silas Whinner; M. E. Thomas; T. E. Gilbert; John Valleau; H. C. Wyncoop; Mary Bright; John Crise; C. Sugart; C. C. Shilling; Lewis Radhardt; J. W. Carmican; Mike Norris; J. Q. Adams Sr.; Myron Ware; Miller; Anna Leonard; W. D. McClure; A. Whealock; Miller; Carfield Miller; J. H. Gray; Geo. Blish; J. M. Carmican; M. Richardson; E. Carmican; W. A. Corbit Est.; E. Carmican; A. Martnick; Phoebe A. Durqo; Geo. Bolinger; Joe Rice; Mary Louchs; Ole Sogge; P. Gilbert; S. W. East; Wesley Conklin; E. J. East; H. Whiting; Shady Nook; J. M. Elliott; J. Smyley; Orman Cox; Peter Coffield; Lewis Stricker; Gray Bros.; Z. Cox; Carl Cox; F. Carris; Gardendale; J. R. Cox; C. Korb; C. E. Mallory; Buell; Jas. Say; A.S. Dabson; A. S. Dobson; Maple Hurst; Herman Popst; Twin Lake Farm; John G. Kubesh; J. M. Thomas; M. L. Updike; Jos. Rokas Jr.; John M. McGill; S. McNulty; Maggie Moylan; S. McNulty; Joseph Chase; D. Chase; Chas. Gurr; Henry Kingdon; Lyons Lake; J. B. Durga; Horace Chase; Cedar Lake; T. Clark; Thos. Skiver; Fred Kingdon; T. Skivers; Gena Shearer; Wm. Hoyt; Ira Chase; B. H. Durga; P. Gilbert; P. C. Gilbert; T. W. Thomas; L. M. Richardson; W. East; G. M. Zimmerman; Coffield Lake; Z. H.; School; Mills Rogers; Ma-Me-Ne-Se-Wong Resort; Fern Lake; Isaac Winnie; Floyd Smith; Staker; C.A. Hammond; N. Katura; David Newstead; E. E. Duryea; E. Harrik; Lester Wells; E. Bristol; Clows Lake; E. Linderman; Fedrica Clows; J. Q. Adams; Twin Lake; Crystal Lake Farm; E. E. Duryea; Elm Grove; M. F. Horen; E. Y. Linderman; Pleasant Valley Farm; Jacob E. Stover; Valley Home; Ed. Hoch; Lake Side; Fredrica Clows; E. Linderman; J. Q. Adams; M. F. Horen; Jos. Bauer; H. Chase; A. Kain; Bellow Lake; A. Kingdon; H. Kingdon; Brown & Smith; R. Putney; B. H. Durga; J. R. Cummins; Nelson Pepper; R. E. Clark; Edw'd Pepper; Henry Kingdon; J. B. Durga; Myrtie Clark; School; B. H. Durga; Eugene Case; W. H. Riley; Roy Carmiean; F. Wheelock; Little Lake; Guy Gerchel; J. G. Ruhl; Josiah Clark; John Loding; Jos. Hartman; McCormic; M. Rogers; I. Winnie; Covell Isl.; I. Winnie; Fern Lake; Forest Lodge; Page Lake; B. Filmore; Paul Paris; Walter Page; Frank Schermerhorn; Alfred Campeau; School; A. North; Wm. Greeno; Lewis Salenski; H. A. Hall; Fox Hunters Lodge; Ezam Secor; Stephen Garry; F. Schraden; Herman Kevwitch; Alfred Campeau; Prospect Heights; G. E. Potrafke; P. C. Gilbert; A. F. Little; Wm. Habler; Frank Atkinson; Frank Conklin; Herman Cox; Julius Durga; B. H. Durga; F. Smith; O. C. Case; P. C. Gilbert; W. F. Hersha; J. M. Carmiean; Chas. Case; Bert Case; T. M. Wheelock; A. E. Carter; I. Winnie; Isaac Winnie; P. C. Gilbert; E. J. Canute; G. W. Fanning; Lakeview Farm; Wm. E. Kratochvil; Lake Side; William Barranek; Dyer Lake; Wm. Gravel et al.; Frank Dobson; Henry Witkop; Bend Beach; Frank Kratochvil; Ezam Secor; John Youker; Wm. Saunder; August Weisselberg; Buckley & Douglas; Isaac Winnie; Buckley & Douglas; Chas. Riley; J. H. Miller; Hugh Hendrick; Isaac Winnie Jr.; A. E. Carter; A. E. Carter; Barney & Fuller; Robt Barney; Buckley & Douglas; H. Bartley; G. H; W. E.; F. Schmidt; Buckley & Douglas; Aug. Salenski; John Seatright; Frank Goodrich; Bass Lake; Long Island; West Island; Braylon Island; Round Island; Herman Weisselberg; K. Kratochvil; Edwd. Saunders; Fred Brayton; Dyer Lake; Little Lake; Bellow Lake; -
__a_, LAKE ý.0 - TO0W NS HI P 8cc------a- 2 inches LolMttla, r~ownship 2 7.Xor~th, J7ange /2 Wcat of the S ("Ichigan.7/teridian................CO..... 14,200 250 2/ 77y, ~ fe 06 98 2'? 7 -Lrewzis. ZCIdhaCrdl13q42.6 wop 4-... h076ez/ Con15c I H Gr-ay 6o Y7-1nhzynan J7G2-'C U '- ~~..=A'- 'k,-' At_ __ _ _C [/C- I z Mr/reT 6 John Mrry col02 ~Q f'&le92rso 2cr/he/c All/er 40 Jyf Gray 40 lim I 40 40 rcs JsephChas 2= 550 120 Th os. Sir zcer 20385 1=a4-1155e. DZIZry5a Chase Jos e Ph40 4 hs 77 40l Sh7-ear-er I'll Henry /7%q7c/orz.z 100 B I is IaChase. MU 41.0 100J '% 9 J0,7- r-y,-40 ze Grr/I ase/Ir. +60. a/dd darn0 U Uhwzi~i Acan 6zZ -ly.: 401:orv ref.4 Grayfiro Ilal ___a 41/ 113zm cya Jim darn.. Isaac 4j F 80do * *nG ts.r.i6.6h_ VCab77 atoo O /o /? ~ ire e f/f eni7itc-5 G~as.Case ~-~-Z ~z 2tnrrz 4,0o ~0 Ccl c I' take K 14:580 40 arE/MO* L 7>a r Al 67-\ Far.m. oer /2Z.0 SrAGrv cidwiLazi/e h r 1< Gre z..r5'os. Jhczn'e 113 Ekq %zs. 7? los iZo/ros, I? so, K>.L ý I K t en Y6 S. 0.Kt h ooz 14 I K ý A-) i I. 2r=a-Zr--M-I IU 5-900 -'~ 55157--A A-P lFran/r ci 'IlzCo.19 /I/cCon/ic Ttrv7 AsIffiv I' I IwAb-4w N40 'In 2<) Q 5tc~enc Case So S 14) at Cm U 40 K ~~'yKI (>m 0 S So-ý K a 0- c U U-v/ri sorz. do 30 p amk It -F IV-17 go Pc iric.R C,7e 40 Yiea WA7 VersA 40 a;; 0 0 N g~o is Ie Isaac 1 Anie- Rizey 4&0 160 GREEN L A KE C E~rte j3-8

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Page  70-71

[missing figure]
Title: Michigan Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Bristol; Larange; Granger; Joseph; Crums Point; Joseph L.; Lima; Larange; Steuben; Fremont; Angola; Williams; Alvoroton; Alvordton; Nazareth; Streeter; Highland; Williams; Brownell; Scott Lake; Chicora; Cheshire; Merson; Abronia; Abroma; Otsego; Plainwell; Kalamazo R.; Hooper; Neely; Silver; Creek; Doster; Prairie; Prairie V.; Prairie R.; Surfoak; Burfoak; Milo; Cressey; Gull L.; Gull Lake; Merson; Chesire; Horseshoe; Pullman; Scott Lake; Lee; Leesburg; Howardsville; Moorepark; Portage Lake; Factoryville; Mint; S. Joseph River.; Sturgis L.; Fairfax; Wasepi; Nottawa; Center V.; St. Joseph; Fawn R.; Fawn River; Findley; Constantine; Perrin; Klingers; Stugis; Burfoak; Surfoak; Mendon; Parville; Mattawan; Newbre; Texas; Pike L.; Pavilion; Pinecreek; Indian L.; Fulton; Brown Sid.; Athens; Climaz; Renton; Nazareh; Comstock; Augusta; Richland; Yorkville; Camp St. Louis; Hume; Bedford Sta.; Base; Bedford; Penfield; Galesburg; Paper Mill; Cicksburg; Abscota; Calhoun; Battle Cr.; Nichols; Beadle P.O. or Beadle Lake; Wheatfield; Ceresco; Rice Cr.; Marshall; Marengo; Albion; Wilderville; Starlet; Stanle; Adams; Renton; climax; Sootis; W. Leroy; Sonoma; Jorpa; E. Leroy; Tekonsha; Osborn; Burlington Sta.; Browns Sid.; S. Butler; Clarendon; Homer; Eckford; Condit; Bath Mills; N. Concord; Springport; Ottercreek; Ducklake; Duck L.; Partello; Gonyis; Penfield; Hickory Cors.; Assyria; Lacey; Banfield; Bellevue; Ceylon; Ainger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Brookfield; Charles Worth; Eaton Rapids; East Springport; Bandstone; Parma; Spring Cr.; Pulaski; Minard; Parma; Sandstone; Springport; Arland; Herrietta Sta.; Portage; Portage R.; Fransisco; Mill Cr.; Trist; Tris; Lit. Portage L.; Spring Cr.; Big Portage L.; Withington; Gillot L.; Prison Side Te.; Grass Lake; Leoni; Grover; Pulaski; Stonypoint; Legnidas; Mendon; Girard; Hodunk; Union City; Butler; Litchfield; S. Butler; Mosherville; Milnes; Scipio Moscow; Jerome; Bakers; Jonesville; Allen Sta; Hillsdale; Bankers; S. Ft. W. Jc.; N. Adams; Wheatland; Stafford; Hoxie; Church; Baw Beese; Man Beach; Townley; Quaker; Steamb’g; Reading; Jefferson; Cambria; Osseo; Locust; Pittsford; Mallory; Cambria; Frontier; Shadyside; Montgomery; Camoen; Camden; Montgomery; Ransom; Prattville; Betzer; Buckeye; White; S. Camden; Amboy; Waldron; Calhoun; Jackson; Jackson; Henrys Crg; Van Horn; Rives Jc.; Munith; Leslie; Winfield; Onodaga; Bunkerhill; Lowe L.; Unadilla; Gregory; Bruin L.; Plainfield; Anderson; Pinch; Spring Arbor; Reynolds; Concord; Pulaski; Cedarbank; Somerset; Somerset Cen.; Haires; Ryder; Nyder; Ackerson; Horton; Liberty; Hanover; Brooklyn & Watkins; Manchester; Norvell; Sharonville; Vineyad L.; Vampler L.; M. Jc.; Bullis; Lakeland; Mill Cr.; Francisco; Grass Lake; Michigan Cen.; Eldred; Napleon; Sharonville; Manchester; Gillet L.; Goose L.; Prison Side Tr.; Roots; Lit. Portage L.; Cranberry L.; Clark Lake; Clark L.; Johnson; Big Portage L.; Addison; Cement City; Cambridge; Springville; Devils L.; Lake Rest; Onstead; Pentecost; Sand L.; Putnam; Cowham; NDR.R; Norr; Cowham; Cowram; Cowbam; Vineyard L; Wampler L.; Chelsea; Waterloo; South L.; Plainfield; Bullis; Anderson; Pinckney; Island Lake; Greenoak; Lakeland; Hamsurg; W. L. Sta.; Emery; Dexter; Lima; Fredonia; Hamburg; Webster; Northfield; Whitmore L.; W. L. Sta.; Salem; Worden; Reshton; Dixboro; Cherryhill; Geddes; Ann Arbor; Ypsilanti; Delhi Mills; Sharonville; Manchester; M. Jc.: Norwell; Napoleon; Michigan Cen.; Eldred; Akerson; Cranberry L.; Lyonett; ClarkLake; Clark Lake; Clark L.; Brooklyn; Watkins; Scio; Fosters; Geer; W. L. Sta.; Washtenaw; Saline; Bridgewater; River Raisin; York; Orania; Stonycreek; Milan; M. Jc.; Watkins; W. Sumpter; Whitaker; Willis.; Belleville; Rawsonville; Wiard; Denton; Canton; Wayne Jc.; Nankin; Plymouth; Clinton; Lakeridge; Macon; Tecumseh; Stevens; Cone; Azalia; Britton; Raisinville; Salt R.; Saline R.; Milan Jc.; Exeter; London; Maybee; Oakville; Carleton; Briar Hill; Scofield; Steiner; Grafton; Athlone; South Lyon; Four Towns; Novi; Farmington; Beddow; Southfield; Berrien; Livingston; Bridgman; Sawyer; Harbert; Lakeside; Union Pier; New Buffalo; Michigan City; Baileytown; Hageman; Alfred; Webbers; Otis; La Porte; La Porte St.; South Bend; New Carlisle; Barnett Siding; Three Oaks; Avery; Galien R.; Galien; New Troy; Glendora; Baroda; Glendora; Berrien Springs; Fair Land; Berrien Cen.; Sumner Ville; Buchanan; W. Niles; Bertran; Beryran; Cassopolis; Pokagon; Dailey; Barron L.; Jefferson; Edwardsburg; Truitts; Adamsville; Sailor; Baldwin L. ; Redfield; Day; Browns; Newburg; Vandalia; Sandy Beach; Forest Hall; Larange; Penn; Cass; Wakelee; Corey; Florence; Fabius; Jones; Williamsville; Mottville; Union; White Pigeon; White Pigeon Riv.; Branch; Sherwood; Olds; Colon; Mattison; Coldwater; Quincy; Batava; Bronson; Bethel; Coldwater L.; Lockwood; Gilead; Kinderhook; California; E. Gilead; Lester; Alganesee; Towns; Gorton; Purchase; Marble L.; Tolleston; Hammond; Harvey; Blue Island; Whiting; South Chicago; Grand Crossing; Hyde Park; Chicago; Mayfair; Des Plaines; Belding; Kidd; Kido; Shiloh; Palo; Chadwick; Tisco; Symrna; Woods Cors.; Orleans; Miriam; Avon; Bolster; Didline; Prison Siding; Haynor; Brairie Cr.; Prairie Cr.; Nickelplate; Ionia; Muir; Maple; Flat River; Lyons Sta.; Webber; Collins; Saranac; Gridley; Westphalia; Malta; Pratt Lake; Chandler; Doris; Orange; Portland; Menonaqua Beach; Little Traverse Bay; Petoskey; Bayshore; Burgess; Kegomic; Bayview; Epsilon; Epsilom; Epsilow; Littlefield; Torinabee; Burts lake; Burt lake; Burtlake; Lake; Indian Pt.; Wabmemee; Aloha; Grace; Perry; Elmira; N. Elmira L.; Branch; Camp; Gerbers; Hobart; Elton; Ann Arbor; Ann Arb.; Osgeola; Lake; Wingleton; Baldwin; Carrs; Star L.; Chase; Nirvana; Ungers; Unqers; Crooked L.; Forman; Alderson; Lilley; Sisson; Hawkins; Parks; McDaffies Mill; Biteley; Phelps Mill; W. Troy; Allencreek; Allenoreek; Allenobeek; Kirk; Shaw; Brookings; S. Br. Pere Marquette; Lake; Kopje; Otia; Keno; Woodville’ Huber; Ramona; Newaygo; Beaver Cr.; Field; Muskegon River; Aetna; Whitecloud; Alleyton; Ryerson; Goodwell; Lit Muskegon R.; Montcalm; D. S. Jc.; Tipton; Stooddarl; Stoddarl; Devils L.; Prairie Sid.; Wolfcreek; Lenawee; Geneva; Windom; Rollin; Rome; Birdsall; Woodward; Sutton; Ridgeway; Stevens; Holloway; Raisin Cen.; Wells V.; Adrian; Fair Port; Walworth; Cadmus; Hudson; Clayton; Madison; Sand Cr.; Medina; Anandaigua; Seneca; N. Morence; Limebeek; Limecreek; Ontario; Marvin; Munson; Bimo; S. Fairfield; Weston; Ridge V.; Fruitridge; Jasper; Fairfield; S. Fairfield; Bimo; Ogden Center; Gorman; Lenawee Jc.; Chase S.; Palmyra; Grosvenor; Blissfield; Bateman; Riga; Victors V.; Mulberry; Monroe; Morocco; Gert; Temperance; Ottawa Lake; Lambert; Whiteford Cen.; Erie; Samaria; Yarger Ville; Yarber Ville; Yarser Ville; Winchester; Lulu; Federman; Sisson; Corbus; Deerfield; Petersburg; Strasburg; D. Jc.; Raisin R.; Grape; Ida; Rea Dundee; Warner; Raisin; Colchester; Brest; Little Pt.; Oxley; Kingsville; Raisin Pt.; Newport; Pt. Millee; Mid. Sister. Isl.; W. Sister; La Salle; La Plaisance Bay; Vienna; Cape North; Maumee Bay; Maumse Bay; Cedar Pt.; Manhattan Jc.; E. Toledo; Locust Pt.; South Bass Isl.; North Bass Isl.; Mid. Bass Isl.; E. Sister Isl.; Pt. Pelee Island; Lake Erie; Pigeon Bay; Leamington; Ruthven; Olinda; Whatty; Romney; Essex Center; Ruscum R. Rockwood; Grosse Ice; Slocum Jc.; Grosse Isle; Fighting Isl.; Ecorse; Riverrouge; Delray; Woodmere; Detroit; Windsor; Cottagegrove; Grossepointe; Grosse Pointe Farms; Hauvin; Hallvin; Milwaukee Jc.; Est. Clair Hts.; Oonnors Cr.; Greiner; Claireview; Halfway; Roseville; Lake St. Clair; Lakeshore; Royaloak; Mt. Olive; Clarenceville; Redford; N. Detroit; Masson; Highland P.k.; Kenwood; Greenfield; Redford Jc.; Howlett; W. End; Rougemere; Michigan Ave.; Dearborn; T. Line; Beech; North V.; Plank Road; Bell Branch; Livonia; Elm; Stark; Wallaoe V.; Pikes; Dearborn; Peak; Inkster; Swift; Eloise; Wayne; Navarbe; Navarre; Hand Sta.; Preston; Taylor Cen.; Taylo Cen.; Romulus; Frenchlanding; Belleville; New Boston; Wyandott; Sibley; Trenton; Willis; Huron R.; Martirsville; Willow; Waltz; Flatrock Sta.; Chandler; S. Rockwood; Gibral; Athlone; Alexis; Toledo; Air Line Jc.; Swanton; Derson; Mqrenci; Fayette; Fulton Lucs; Morrison; Jackson; Horton; Liberty; Hanover; Pittsfield P. O. or P. Jc.; Abscota; Burlington; Delton; Fair L.; Hickory Cors.; Banfield; Lacey; Assyria; Ceylon; Bellevue; Ainger P. O. or Olivet Sta.; Brookfield; Eaton Rapids; Charles Worth; Ceylon; Olivet; Convis; Partello; Duck lake; Duck L.; Ottercreek; Arland; Rice Creek; Ney; Tokio; Devereaux; Tompkins; Hog R.; Three Rivers; T. R. Sta.; Cent. Line; Bessemer; Cedar Back; Forsyth P. O.; Little Lake Sta.; Helena; E. Manigold; Carlshen; Carlshend; Camp No. 8; Lathrop; Manigold; Ward; Oro; Chi. Mil. & St.; C. & P.; Br. Escanaba; Escanaba R.; Ladoga; Rapid R.; Hoop; Odette; Rock P. O. or Maple Ridge; Defiance P. O. or Campbell; Friday; Beaver; Taycoos R.; Henerigs Kipling; Gladstone; Cedar; Spur; Oro; Radfords; Farnham; Larsons; Parsons; Eustis; De Noquette; Larch; Flat Rock; Well; Nahma; Farell; E. Branch R.; South Branco River; Finland; Dermont; Greenland Jc.; Bellaire; Pequaming; Portage L.; Portage; Cobbville; Eagle River; Can. Pan.; Worsley Bay; Bruce Pt.; Pt. Smith; Michigan Lake; Ingallston; Vienna; C. B. Jc.; West Arm; Shetland; Provemon; Sleeping Bear Pt.; Mackinac; Ship Canal; Green; Slary; Lary; Pleasanton; Arcadia; Sorenson; Malcolm; Malcoln; Bear L.; Butwell; Saile; Glowetts L.; Humphrey; Bear Lake; Saunderse; Springdale; Henry; Copemish; Thompson; Hoags; Au Gres R.; Littibawasse R.; Hoffman; Oceana; Gale; Beaver Cr.; Weldman; Horr; Brjoks; Melcorne; Fith; Clure; Arn; Crow Isl.; Greens; Rees; Kooh V.; Carrollton; Mershon; Lavingale; Lavinbale; Lawnbale; Littibawasee R.; Saginaw; Kulmbach; Kulmboch; Arthur; Denmark; Gilford; Watrousville; Swan Cr.; Amy; Utica; Ates; De Pews; E Pews; Oe Pews; Yew; Oak; Rochester; Stony Pt.; Des Plaines; Green Bay; Lake Huron; Iron; C. & N. W. S.; L. Fumee; Sturgeon Falls; Aragon Mine; Aragon Jc.; Faithorn; Blum; Sodas; Royalton; Cent. Base Line; Monteith; -
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Title: Michigan Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Keweenaw; Cooper Har.; Dear Lake; Lac. La Belle; Bete Grise Bay; Pt. Isabelle; Keewenaw Pt.; Manitou Isl.; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gratiot Lake; Canada; Pie Isl; Isle Royale; Amygdalbid Isl.; Passage Isl.; Grill Isl; Blakes Pt.; Rock Harbor; Minong; Todds Har.; Isle Royale Light; Siskawit Is.; Siskawit Barj; Siskawit Lake; Washington Harbor; Keweenaw County; Chippewa Har.; Rainbow Cove; Washington Isl; Johns; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Elm R.; Allouex Mill; Kearearbe; Wolverine; Centennial; Belt Line; Red Jacket; Opeohee P.O. or Osbeola; Berwons Riaby; Demmon; Franklin R.; Ladrium; Mine; Sevel Town; Redridge; Stanwood; Edgemere; Edoinere JC.; Beacon Hill; Fredan; Balmon Trout; Obenhoff; Atlantic Min; Mill Min Sc.; South Range Messner; Trimount Ain; Ricedale; Elm R.; Baltic; Huron; Highton; O. Huron; RIlty; Houghton; Gross Point; Traverse Isl. Torch D.; Traverse Pt.; L. Linden; Hebard Lappe; Phosni Cliff; Ahneek; Calunet; Nixonn Hubbell; Ojisway; Mohawk; Allouez; Fulton; Allouez Mill; Copper Falls Mine; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gate Har.; Wyoming Junction; Lac La Belle; Dear L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Grise Bay; Pt. Isabelle; L. Gratiot; Point Mills; Pt. Abbaya; Huron Islands; Huron Pt.; Pine Riv.; Pine River Pt.; Huron R.; Pine D. Ives L.; Salmon Trout R.; Yellow Dog; Ransom;Huron Mts.; Big Bay; Bigbay; Big Bay Pt.; Antlers; Independence; Powell; Jean; Birch; Sauks Head; Garlick Isl.; Garlick Pt.; Granite Isl; Buckroe; Garlic R.; Porestville; Ross; Duncan; Ickeral Lake; Middle Isl.; Presque Isl.; Superior; Marquette; Carp Furnace; Gillett; Harvey P.O. or Chocolay; Gortons; Bhort Pt.; Michigamme & Beck; Dishno; Ano River; Whitef; Deerton; Laughing Fish Pt.; T Yoga; Deer Lake; T Yoga JC.; Shelter Bay; Rock River; Onota; Mangum; Green Garden; Yalmar Sta.; Gentian Taylors; Alley Mills Spur; W. JC.; Saginaw Mine; Milwaukee Jc.; L. Michigamme; Wabik; Beacon; BO Erie; Shpeming; Teal L.; Negaunee; Maas Mine; Hoist; Eagle Mills; Dead River; Bancroft; Cascade Basil Jc.; New Dalton; Tilden & Natimune; Palmer Partridge; Winthror Mine; Republic Granite; Columbian W.; Goose L.; Mineral Branch; Greenwood Stone V.; Boston Mine; Clarksburg; Humbolt; Browid & Pasooe Mine; Marquette; Selma; Ylamar; Skandia; Lawson Dukes; Roberts; Dorsey; Block; Diemling; Rumely; Ferguson; Jenks; Eben; Finns; Calciferous; Autrian L.; Munisins JC.; Valley Zerbel; Short Pt.; O.T. Yoga; Autrian Bay; Autrain; Brownstone; Wilcox; Lowre Ridge; Grand Isle; Munising; Trout Bay; Grand Isl.; Castle Pt.; Grand Portal; Wood Isl.; Wetmore; Mabel; Boogrens; Evelyn; Blueberry; Juniper; Doty; Hartho; Masters; Haggins; Boucha; Peroy; Chapman; Samson; Metser; Brabant; Petrel; Creighton; Driggs Walsh; Pt. au Sable; Grand Sable Lake; Marriam; Grand Marais Harbor; Grand Marais; Beaver; Man; Summit; Grand Marais Jc.; Bennett; State Roads; Wards; Star Y; Liston; Camp Seven Atl; Cusino Leroux; Two Hearted R.; Lit. Two Hearted Riv.; Sucker Cr.; Dannaher; Laketon; Mun. Sh. Atl. Dul. So. Sh.; Dollarville; Newberry; Tahquamenaw River; Shtldrake R. Vermilion; Vermilion Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Maple Isl. G; Parisian Isl; Shelldrake; White Fish Bay; Tahquamenaw Bay; Salt Pt.; Iroquois Isl.; Bay Mills; S. Shore JC.; Goulais Bay; Bachewauaung Bay; North Sandy Isl.; South Sandy Isl.; Luce; Emerson; Middle Fk.; Sault Ste.Marie; Ft. Brady M. R.; Payment; Lake; Union Bay; Ontonagon; Green R.; 14 Mile Pt.; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Fire Steel; Lit. Girls Pt.; Black River; Montreal; Lit. Lake/Gear; Siemen's Ironwood; Bessemer; Thomaston Wakefield Jc.; Ballentine; Iron R.; Little Iron R.; Poreveine Mts.; Preseque Isle; Black Riv.; Black River; N. Bessemer; Bessemer Jc.; Abitosse; Beryl; Thomaston; Wakefield; Ramsay; Bessemer; Marenisco; Gogebic Lake; Groesbeck; Matchwood; Ontonagon; Ewen; Nester; St. Collins; Bruce Cros; Radford; Sandhurst; Craigsmere; Robbins; Marenisco; Gogebic; Chi. Nor. W'N; Potata R.; Rockland; Chi. Mil; Fire Steel; Beager; Sterling; Misery R.; Elm R.; Barclay; Tivola; Stonington; Beaver Dam; Painsedal; Chassell; Arnheim; Kaweenaw Bay; Keweenaw; Assinins; Alston; Hazel; Pelkei; Otter L.; Staokpole Winona; Belt; Simar; Peppard; Rubicom P.O. or Hubbells Mill; Stargeon R.; Baraga; Iron Bridge; Pori; Findley Jc.; Frost Jc.; Victoria Or.; Mid. Branch; Paynesville; Ruby; A. Jasper; Trout Cr.; Basco; Interior; Perch L.; Parks Siding; Diana; Nestor Cross & Sidnaw; Read; Anthony; Kitchi; Hanvex; Onyx; Lewis; Kenton; Berman's Mill Track; Tunis' Covington Leo.; Robiyson; Taylor Mine; L'Anse; Taylor, Jc.; Sturgeon; Murphy; Vermila; Bess; Tredeau; Tioga; Redruth & Nestoria; Bode; L'Anse Ind. Res.; Slate Cr.; Skanee; Huron R.; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is.; Huron Pt.; Ivas L.; Clowry; Humbold; Pasooe Mine; Brown; Beon; Beacon; Champion; Columbia Republic; Clarksburg; Michigamme; Granit; Houghton; Baraga; Marquette; Perch L.; Cystal Falls; Florence; Dickinson; Floodwood; Michgamme; Blasam; Amasa; Atkinson; Paint; Interior Jc.; Tamarack; Elmwood; Watersmeet; State Line; Ronca; Michigan River; Sagola; Channing; Paul; Granite Bluff; Randville; Brule; Pentoga Armstorn; Chi. Nor. W'N.; Panola & Mastodon Stager; Brule River; Norway; Iron Mountain; Spread Eagle Sta.; River Siding; Antoine; Marriman; Vuccan; Loop Line JC.; Tobin Mine; Dunn Mine; Basswood; King; Uinnespc; Pine R.; Wisconsin; Witbeck; Camp No. Kates; Michigyonme R.; Floodwood; Henderson; Turner; Channing; Sagola; Dickinson; Metropolital; E. Br. Cedar; Randville; Chi. Mil; Henderson & Ralph; Gleason; Alfred; McRae; War; McDurmitt; Millers; Ross; Henby Northland; Reade; Mashek; Watson; Dewey; Ford R.; Little L.; Cheshire; Plains; Princeton; Lathrop; Escanada R.; Rock. P.O.; Maple Ridge; Defiance P.O. or Campbell; Woodlawn R.O. or Whites; Beaver; Friday; Rapid R.; Hoop Odetts; Ladoga; Turin P.O. or McFarland; Osier; Winters Trenary; Buckeye; Limeston; Winters; Diffin; Trenary; Perkins; Foster City; White Fish R.; Mud L.; Morans; Richardson; Bhingleton; Mcinnes; Scotts; N.W. Branch; Spruceville; Hiawatha; Hiawatha St.; Camp 22; Iron Creek; Fish Dam; Big Spring; Steuben; Smiths; McNiels; Jenny; Uno; W. Br. Manistique R.; White Dale; Gulliver; Fordville; Blaney Jc.; Park Nc.ton; Bear Cr.; Germfask;l Seney; Ackley; Schoolcraft; Helmer. N. Manistique; Viola P. or Yatton; Diller; Manistique L.; Huntspur; Pike Lake; Simmons; Carruthers; Blaney; Moorev; Bear Cr.; Gould City P.O or Corinne; Potters Peef; Manitou Payment Shaol; Simmons Reef; Naubinway; Sault; Rexton; Caffey; Damon; Troutlake; Alexander; Hendrie Fiborn Jc.; Kemp; Gilchirst; Garnet; Milakokl Lake; Soo Junction P.O or Sault Jc.; Hulbert P.O. or Hurlbut; N. Manistique L.; Bovee; Pt.; Epoufette; Brevort & Greene; Carp Rover' Mackinac; Strongville; Sault Ste.; Fibre P.O. or Dryburg; Kinross Tone; McCarrion; Dafter; Rosedale; Donaldson; Barbeau; Neebish; Sailors Encampment; Raber; Lime Isl; Gatesville; Cedarville; Stalwart; Les Cheneau; Hessel; St.; Martins; St. Joseph Island; Montreal Channel; Duck Is. Rapids; Can Pac.; Burnt Is.; Worsley Bay; Asn Pt.; Round Is.; Putagannissing Is.; Harbor Isl.; Maxton Drummond; Pirate Harbor; Marble Head; Grants Is.; Thompsons Pt.; North Passage; Crescent Isl.; Vidal Isl.; Crape Robert; Calumet Mine; Hardwood Hylas; Merriman; River Siding; Antoine or Traders Jc.; Cedar R.; Loop Line Jc.; Antoine Fumes; Fumee; Quinnesec; King; Norway; Appleton Mine; Stugeon; Sumac; Aucedah Leaper; Vega; Cleeremans; Whitney; Camp No. 2; Camp No. 5 & 6; Dryads; Faunus; Alecto; Shaffer; Felchuc; New Hall; Woodlawn P.. or Whitts; Kingsley; Cornell; Chaison; Gladstone; Chandler; Salva; Marringers; Lefebevres; Adstone Road; Bichlers; Groos; Bay Siding; Masonville; Lit. Bay;l Perkins; Winde; Brampton; Rapid River; Setif; Ensign; Jacques; Stonington; Round Isl.; Pine Ridge; Flech Jo. Nobles; Taycoos R.; Beaver; Powers P.O.; Kalacca; Hermans' Pembine; Faith; Vulcan; Blount P.O.; Spaldin; Wilson; Hodles; Indian; De Lous; Harris; Bark River; Narenta; Hyde P.O. or Ford River; Ford River; Escanaba; Peninsula Pt.; Chippewa Pt.; Big Bay; Sand Isl.; Fish Dark Rv.; Delta; Russell; Isabella; Cooks Haco; Camp 20; Fayette; Portage Bay; Wiggins Pt.; South Manistique; Cherry Valley; Marblehead; White Dale; Gulliver; Delta Jc.; Murphy; Stony Pt.; Ogonta Bay; St. Vital Is.; Bay de Noquette; Snake Isl; Vans Harbor Garden; Pt. au Barque; Gull Isl.; Blaney Jc.; Park; McDonald Lake; Hughes Pt.; Gulliver L.; Pt. Seul Croiz; Squaw Isl.; Whiskey Isl.; Garden Isl; Trout Isl; High Isl.; Gull Isl.; St. James; Beaver Isl.; Hog. Lsk; Beaver Harbor; Stony Isl.; Triangular Isl; Timbered Isl; Scotts Pt.; Pt. Patterson; Potters Roef; Simmons Reef; Menominee; Nadeau; Carney; Ballous; Mumfords; Bagley; Talbor; Ames; Nathan; Evertt; Arnold; Hammond; Harmans; Menominee River Blum; Lit. Summer Isl.; Pt. De Tour; Burnt Bluff; Poverty Isl.; Gravely Isl.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Gull Isl.; Isle au. Gales; White Shoul; Hat Is.; Grays Reef; Pierce Lake; Cross Village; Emmet; Goodhart; Readmond; Pt. aux Chenes; Allenville; St. Ignace; Nero; Gross Pt.; St. Martins Isl.; Lit. St. Martins Isl.; Pt. St. Martin; Macknac Isl.; Mackinac Isl.; Pt. St. Ignace; Round Isl.; Boisblac; Straits of Mackinac; Waugosbance Isl.; Temperance Isl.; Temperance Pt.; Cross Village; Sturgeonbay; Bliss; Carplake; Cecil; Cecile L.; Carp R.; Walkers Benron; Lyonstown; Levering; Logging Camp; Crystal Sprs; Stootsman; Pleasantview; Indian Garden; Bogardus; Pellston; Goose Isl; Bois Blanc Isl.; Boisblanc; L. Dunoan; Pte. Aux Pins; South Channel; Mary Lake; Alverno; Cheboygun; Long L.; Grance; Hammonds Bay; Mullett Lake; Inverness; Lakewood; Lakeside; McLeods Bay; Boisblan; L. Duncan; Freedom; Turtle L.; Rigg; Bushville; Mulletts; Manning; Lasalla Isl.; Pt. Fugard; Marquette Isl.; Beaver Tail. Pt.; Pt. St. Vital; Pt. Detour; Detour Passage; Pt. La Barb; Island Harbor; Huron Bay; False Detroit Channel; Pt. Smith; Cockburn Island; Thompsons Pt.; Straight of Mississgua; Mildram Pt.; Green Isl.; Drummibd Isl.; Mildram Bay; Green Isl.; Great Duck; Western Duck; Peninsula Pt.; Inner Duck; Middle Duck; Outer Duck; Crescent Vidal Isl.; Crpe. Robert; Barrie Island; Bayfield Sd.; Helen Bay; Elizabeth Bay; Manitoulin Isl.; Portage Bay; Peninsula Pt.; Julia Bay; Lake Wolsey; Menominee River; Wanson; White Rapids; Kass; Kells; Cedar R.; Daggett; Anderson; Stephenson; Ingalls; Wallace; Osborne; Carbondale; Porterfield; Peshtigo R.; Beaver; Cavoit; Peshtigo; Marinette; Menominee; Green Isl.; Egg Harbor; Birch Creek Sta.; Pt. Rochereau; Arthup Bay; Cedar River; Stephenson; Inette; Cedar River; Whales Back; Washington Isl.; St. Martins Isl.; Washington Har.; Rock Isl.; Hog Isl.; Detroit Isl.; Spider Isl; Portedes Mortes; Washington Ls.; Gravel Isl.; Hedgehog Bay; Devil's Door Bluff; Sister Isl.; Sister Bay; Chambers Isl.; Whales Back Shoals; Cedar River; Bayleys Bay; North Bay; Hawley's Bay; Mud Bay; South Manitou Isl; South Manitou; Manitou Lake; North Manitou Isl.; North Fox. Isl.; South Fox Isl.; Fishermans Isl; Inwood; Cherrie; Belvedere; Charlevoix; Cat Head Pt.; Cat Head Bay; Gills Piere; Argosa; North Port; Leland; Manseau; Omena; New Mission Pt.; Grand Traverse Bay; Northport Bay; Northport Pt.; Ironton; Ellsworth; Eastport; Intermediate; Echo; Wards; Snowflaki; Torch R.; Harbor Springs; Roaring Brook; Weque DOnsing; Conway; Ary; Cases; Brutus; Alanson; Oden; Crooked Lake; McMana; Clarion; Smiths; Boynes; Advance; Torch Lake; Phelps; Charlevoix; Finkton; Hitchcock; Jordan; State Rd. Heac; Quarters; Jordan Riv.; Madden; Kentucky; East End; Dow; Simons; Thelma; Gaylord; Otseco; Berryville; Yuill; Vanderbilt; Thorn; Trowbridge; Rondo; Haakwood; Wildwood; Kegomic; Bayview Epsilon; Littlefirle;d Wabmemee; Bear L.; Harbor Springs; Little Traverse Bay; Manonaqua Beach; Susan Lake; Horton Bay; Bayshore; Burgess; Charlevoiz; Windling; Webster; Chestonia; Brickerville; Brown; Dix.E. Sta.; Central L.; E. Elmira L.; Elmira; Hallock P.O. or Hazzard; Springvale; Thumb Lake; Sturgoon River; Pigeon Riv.; Torniabee; Burts Lake; Burt Lake; Cheboygan; Hamby; Indian River; Crooked Lake; Littlefirled; Kegomix; Maltsby; Doyles Cushman; MGore Project; Camp; Geeo; Spring Water; Boyne FS.; Johannesb; Hetherton; Jackson L.; Pike L.; N. Fk. Thunder R.; Cornwells; Cedardale; Montmorency; Atlanta; Hetherton; Austin Sid.; Presque Isl; Ocqueoc; Fowler; Ocquecoa River; Cheboygan or Black L. Potters; Alis P.O. or Conover; Hillman; Brasil L.; Millersburg; Bunton; Hammond; 40 Mile Pt.; Rainy; Trout R.; Rogers; Adams Pt.; Leer; Orchard Hill; Long Rapids; Flanders; Hobson; Dafoe; Alpena Jc.; Alphena; Thunder; Lit. Thunder Bay; Crooked Isl; Gull Isl.; Sugar Isl.; Thunder Bat Is.; North Pt.; False Presque Isle; Middle Isl; Presque Isle Bay; Lake Esau; Presqueisble; Grand Lake; Bell; Polaski; Bolton; Long L.; Metz; Posen; Polaski; Hagensville; Trout R.; Rogers; Thunder Bay; May Lake Jc.; Hawks P.O. or La Rocque; Austin Sid; L. Superior; Lake Huron; Michigan; Saginaw Bay; Lake Erie; Green Bay; Marinett; Menoninee River; Oconto; Oconto; Lit. Sturgeon Bay; Brookside; Little Tail Pt.; Kewaunee; Algoma; Namur; Sturgeon Bay; Cave Pt.; White Fish Bay; White Fish Pt.; Peshtigo Pt.; Pestigo Harbor; Ship Anval; C. & N. W.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Pt. aux Becs Scie; Edgewater; Crystal Lake; Frankfort; South Frankfort; Herring Lake; Benzonia; Homestead; Platte River Pt.; Empire Jc.; Platteo; Peterville; Empire; Burdickville; Glen Lake; Maple City; Cedar; Solon; Ruthardt; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Platte River; Pratts P.O or Allyn; Hayes; State Rd.; M Inland; Benzie; Weldon; Turtle L.; Wallin; Weldon; Joyfield; Nessen; T.L. Branch; Horidon; Hannah; Monroe Cen.; Bummit City; Wylies; Grawn; Grand Traverse; Long Lake; Neal Boardman; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Osborn; E. Empire; Cedar Run; Hanfort Fouch; Hog Is.; Shetland; Keswick; Suttons Bay; Suttons Bay; Old Mission; Mapleton; Birth L; Kewadin; Elk Rapids; Harch Crg.; Isadore; Leelanau; Leelanau; Lime L.; Port Oneida; Glenhaven; Glen Arbor; North Unity; Sodd Harbor; Good Harbor Bay; Pyramid Pt.; Kerry; Traverse, CY.; Archie; West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Milton; Elle L.; Yuba; Mitchell Jc. Hodge; Holmes; Leavells; Twin Mountains; Leidhart; Round L.; Rapid City; Barker Creek; Wilkins Spur; Ricker; Rugg; Mabel; Mahan; Iamsburg; Fair Banks.; Kalkaska; Kalkaska; Shell Jc.; Soules; Harts; South Boardman Sands; Crofton; Lodi; Pioneer; Walton; Hamilton Ivan; Fog Lake; Sharon; Naples; Halsted; Fletcher; Saunders; Spencer; C. * M. R.; Blue Lake; Deward; Squaw; Wellington; Horrigan; Cen. Mic.; Pere Cheney P.O. or Chenny Sta.; Jackpine; Sigsbee; Bucks; Handon; Hard Grove; Frederic; Judge; Clear Lake; Love; Putnams; Dana; Kneelands; Alexander; Tylers; Graying; Oscaoda; Fairview; Redoak; Wood; Principal; Comins; Aus.; Millen; Crooked Lake Jc.; Flat Rock; Cutisville; South Branch; Maltby; Lupton; Rose City;Sabble; Mio; Kneeland; Biggs; McKinley; Curran; Hubbard Lake; Newton R.; Spruce; Hawes; Roe Lake; Black River Isl.; Harrisville; Sturgeon Pt.; Alcona; Lodge; Lincoln; Mikado Handy; Veilar Lake; Brayn; Batton; Lott P.O. or Chevriers; Glennie P.O. or Bamfields; Killmaster; Mud Lake; Black R.; Greenbush; Gustin; Kewaunee; Twin R.; Twin R.; Manitowao R.; C. &. N. W.; Manitowoc; Peter Marquette Car Ferry; Manitowoc; Rawleys Pt.; Twin Rivers; Big Pt. Sable. Hamlin Lake; Foulsen; Mason; Sugar Grove; Big Sable L.; Siddons; Sable R.; Freesoil; Sable R.; Marsh; Oak Park; Oakhill; Manistee; Manistee; Polock Hill; Arendal; Camp Two; Onekama Jc.; Portage Lake; Onekama; Patch Crossing; Pierpore; Bear L.; Sorenbon; Malcom; Arcadia; Pleasanton; Butwell Cr.; Baile; Umphre; Gulcwetts L.; Springdae; Henry; Copemish; Thompson; Tanner; Chrief; Kaleva; Goodrich; Brethren; Clement; Wellston; Dublin; Florence; Hoopers; Little R.; Stbonach; Lit. Manistee R.; East Lake; Newland; Thorp; Angola; Clay HIll; Rosenburg; Axin L.; Pecks Sid.; Derrys Sid.; Maple Grove; Marilla; Marmons Cleon; Lemon L.; Harlan; Pomona; Buckley; Mitchells; Bagnall; Walls; Sherman; Glensbarry; Mesick; Wards Sid.; Soper; Mystic; Wades; Hair; Clarks; Manton; Gilbert; Wexford; Tuma; A.A.; Meauwataka; Valda; Missaukee Jc; Harring; Round; Cadillac; Browns Sid.; Brinks Sid; Nelsons; Lucas; Little Fields Bid.; Galt; McBain; Delton; Gerbers; Hobart; L. Mitchell; Valda; Pioneer; Morey; Qutcheon; Stittsville; Moorestown; Butcher; Stratford; Higgins Lake; Houghton Lake; Houghton Lake; Butterfield; Mynnings; Widdicomb; Veneer Jc.; Veneer Koopman; Propsper: Koopman; Ealmouth; Vogel Cen.; Moddersville; Dolph; Prudenville; Roscommon; Noal; Mich. Cen.; Long Bridge; Williams Jc.; Tierney St.; Giels; Roscommon; Moores; Curtisville; Leander; Edward; St.; Helen; Rose City Lake; Lupton; Maltby; Canfield; Safe; Campbells Cors.; Haptman; Loranger; Norns; Grenwood; Prescott: Beaver Lake; Millers Selkirk; West Brank; Ogemaw; Ogemaw; Smith Jc.; Long Lake; Bisconnette; Doan; Pine Lake; Oscoda; Ausable; Lincoln Jc.; Au Sable Pt.; Kunze Siding; Tawas Beach; Tawas Pt.; Tawas Bay; Tawas City; Marks; Alabaster; Whitemore; Loam P.O. or Coppers Cros.; Taft; Au Grest R.; Emer Jc.; Vine; East Tawas; T.B. Jc.; Tucker Farm; Mile Hill; Millerton; Sheepdale; Peacock; Syres; States; Luther; Hansens; Keenan; Hoist; Edgetts; Bristo;; Riverbank; Sprague; Thewitts; Olgad; Collins; Obceola; Delphos; Comptons; Tubtin; Anderson; Rose L.; Rose Lake; Leroy; Hayes; Suprise L.; Hartwich; Pennocks; Crocker; Parklake; Dighton; Winterfield; Grandon; Temple; Clarence; Arnold Lake; Long Lake; Leota; Muskegon R.; Second; Frost; Levinton Sid.; Harrison; Clare; Osceola; Levington Sid. Doge; McClure; Lit. Sugar R.; Babcocks; Correction; Butman; Skeels; Line; Alger; Culvers; Mapleridge; Arenac; Turner; Santiage; Duck L. Omer; Arenac; Surham; Sterling; Deepriver; Pine River; Ogden; Moores Jc.; Quinns; Bricks; Sand Pt.; Whit Stone Pt.; North Charity Isl.; S. Charity Isl.; Flat Rock Pt.; Port Austin; Hat Pt.; Pte. Aux. Barquez; Pointe Auz Barques; Burnt Cabin Pt.; Grind Stone City; Hiron; Eagle Bay; Mosel; Sheboygan Falls; Sheboygan R.; Sheboygan; Shebygan; Adell; Oostburg; Cedar Grove; M. Car Ferry; Ludington; Lincoln; Lit. Sable; Buttersville; Riverton; Wesley; Bass Lake; Bass L.; Bow L.; Pentwater; Pentwater L.; Smiths Corner; Weare; Crystal Val.; Oceana; Peachridge; Little Pt.; Sable; Au Sable Lake; Benona; Claybanks; Bradyville; Stray L.; Holstein; Shelby Ferry; Cranston; Wagar; Hesperia; Tigris; Pentwaten Q; Walker V.: Peachville; Camp: Obmooba: Klondike; Lattin; Campbell L.; New Era; Stray L.: Cranston: Mears; Pere Marquette R.; Allendreek; Kirk; Mas. & Oce.; Shaw. W. Trowy; Alderson; Lilley; Volney; Elbridge: Woodville; Keno; Brookings; Phelps Mill; Biteley; McDaffies Mill; Sisson; Hawkins; Parke; Jacksons; Up. Paris; Paris; Stimson Jc.; Crapo; Upper Big Rapids; Hungerford; Lumbertson; Newaygo; Ramona; Etna; Ryerson; Alleytoon; Whitecloud; Kopje; Otia; Beaver Cr.; Wooster; Big Prairie; Borland; Big Rapids; Weaver; Pogy Hill; Emerald; Barryton; Chippewa L.; Chippewa L.; Byers; Rodney; Mecosta; Stanwood; Higbee; Altona; Morley; Rustford; Reynolds; Standwood; Mecosta; Remus; Foster; Titus; ROdney; Sherman City; Winchester; Higbee; Sylvester; Beanchard; Millbrook; Rowland; Winn; Coomer; Isabella; Brinton; Littleford L.; Curriers Bid; Gilmore; Hurnham; Hebrick; Coleman; Loomis; Wise; Sald R.; Delwin; Leaton; Jordan; Isabella; Mt. Pleasant; Stearns; Alemb; Crawford; Shepherd; Pleasant Valley; Van Decar; Caldwell; Drew; Beal City; Isabella Ind. Res.; Boyden; Chippewa R.; Rustford; Morley; Murphy; Jerseyville; Brroks City; Gordonville; Floyd; Olson; Sanford; Luman; Edenville; Alamando; Bradley; Egbert; Brier; Brroks Cr.; Coe; Redstone; Barnes; Posyville; Smiths Cros.; Averill; LaPorte; Jam; Littibawasse R.; Hope; Cummings; Nine Miles; Tebo; St. Andish. Pine iver; Bertie. Smiths; Rhodes; McRaes; Mount Forest; Glover; Norn Branch; Gopman; Campbells; Kawkawlin; Monitor Millers; Wolverine; Wolvine Jc.; Wolverine Mine; Aubun; Amecith; Freeland; Monitoro Salzb'g; Bay City; Cheboy; Ganing; Munger; Post; Quanicassee City; Wisner; Unionville; Lengsville; Linwood Park; Tobico; Kawkawlin; Oaatka Beach; Wenona Beach; Bay Cy. Bayside; Sagniaw R.; Essexcille; Banks Foss; Michie; Lengsville; Pinconning; White Feater; St. Andish; Eananing Cr.; Brooks; Melborn; Koch V.O.; Watrousville; Fairgrove; Sebewaing; Fish Pt.; Kate-chai or Mai-bou Isl.; Stony Is'; Bay Port; North Isl.; Pt. Charities; Caseville; Oak Pt.; Columbia; Akron; Ellington; Elmwood; Colwood; Gagetown; Ashmore; Kilmanagh; Canboro; Owendale; Rescure; Greenleaf; Gotts; Bish Lake; Pinnebog; Soule; Crown; Hayes; Berne; Pigeon; Wolfton; Elkton; Linkville; Bar; Poppe; Northburns; Ivanhoe; Appin; Cass City; Wickware; Colwood; Caro; Deford; White Cr.; Shaddon; Novesta; Tyre; Wadsworth; Kinde; Varney P.O. or Johnson; Glencoe; Port Hope; Redman; Filion Clarks; Rapson; Verona Mills; Sigel; Helena; Badaze; Wadsworth; Pawlowski; Ruth; Parisville; Whiterock; Forestville; Charleston; Mill Cr.; Minden City; Freiburgers; Palms; Cumber; Mills; Cedardale; Deckerville; Shabbona; Argyleo; Chevinston; Richmondville; Leitch; Belgium; Ukeeozauke; Port Washin; Milwaukee; Gr. Truni; Crosby; Bay View; Flowercreek; Montague; Rothbury; White L.; Whitehall; Michillinda; Wabaningo; Duck L.; Bear Lake; Muskegon; Port Sherman; Muskegon Heights; Lake Harbor; Black Lake; Lake Harbor Sta.; Ferrysburg; Car Ferry Trans. Co.; Grand Haven; Sheldon; Big Blue L.; Reeman; Brunswick; Holton; Sitka; Win Lake; Mcleans; Muskeogon; Moskegon; Gr. Halls; Berry; Dalson; Sweet; N. Muskegon; Sullivan; Spring Lake; Kirk; Nunica; Fruitport; Ickand; Ravenna; Scocum; Canada Cors; Gooding; Reeds; Cedar Springs; Casnovia; Bailey; Perrins; Velzyi; Sandlake; Cloud; Newago; Brookside; Bishop; Brunswick; Twin Lake; Sitka; McLeans; Bixby; Hines Crg; Henshaws; Simpson; Kanitz; Sullivan; Ickland; Ravenna; Cockery R.; Conlin; Harrisburg: Lisbon; Kent City; Lake Bailey; Brooks; Grant; A. ta.; Sun; Dickinson; Bridgeston; Ashland; Saxon; Sparta; Ballards; Velzy; Sheffield; Evans; Childsdale; Belmond; Alpine; Rend; Grattan; Bostwick; Cannons; Burg; Parnell; Belding; Kido; Green V.; Green V.; Wabasi Lake; Gowen; Spencers; Flat R.; Sidney; Colby; Virgin: Bushnell; Miller; Eureka Pl.; Wagers; Amsden; Shiloh; Chadwisk; Belding; Otisco; Bostwick; Slayton; Miriam; Orleans; Woods Cors.; Avon; Haynor; Prarie R.; Nickel; Smyrna; Montcalm; Gilbert; McCool; Sandy; Reynolds; Muskegon R.; Rustford; Amble; Lakeview; Hiram; Pierson; Plumville; Grove; Ensley; Brooks; Grant; Croton; Howard CIty; Six Lakes; Wyman; Cedar Lake; Rockalnd; Vestaburg; Riverdale; Elwell; Summerton; Forest HIll; Fishville; Crush L.; Crystal; Butternut; Carson City; Vickerville; Sidney; Westville; Enthican; Lanston; Trufant; Coral; Plehill; Edmore; Townline; McBrides; Ferris; acma; Elmhall; Pine R.; Ithaca; Eugene; Gratiot; New Haven Cen.; Sethon; Middleton; Pompee; Brice; St. Louis; Breckenridge; N. Wheeler; Eaton; Beaver R.; Langport; Lafayette; Edgewood; Fordney; Sickels; Northstar; Neward; Hubbardston; Matherton; Pewamo; Fowler; Union Home; Maple Rapids; Shepardsville; Duplain; Eureka; Elsie; Ovid; Hayworth Cr.; Fowler; Olney; Henderson; Carland; Shiawassee; Ryan; Porters; Iva; Sand Ridge; Dice; Frost; Malts; Saginaw; Carrolton; Cawndale; Mergehom; Malts; Dice; Frost; dan Ridge; Porter; Hemlock; Nelson; Miner; Brant; Leutz; Fergus; Groveton; Marion Sprs; Racy; Oakley; Brady; Chesaning; Layton Corners; Sliawassue; St.; Charles; McDonough; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Burt; Foster; Paines; Fordney; Malts; Kulubach; Greens; Cros; McClure; Rees; Arhur; Buena Vista; Veenfliets; Capac; Emmett; RBelleriver; Riley Center; M. Sta.; Lamb; Thorton; Wadfham;s Abbottsford; Goodells; Tunner Jc.; Barina; Pt. Huron; Gilford; Fitch; Markel; Millington; Brockway; Hoyt; Bridgepoint; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Montrose; Brentcreek; Mt. Morris; Lothrop; Mt. Morris; ZionHazelton; Clay; Horton; Genesee; Carland; Henderson; Judds Corners; West Haven; Easton; Layton Corners; Lewis; Flint; Hazelton; New Lothrop; Davison; Belsay; Rogersville; Otisville; Thetford; Otter Lake; Burns L.; Millers L.; Five Lakes; Oregon P.O. or Carpenters; Owait; Clifford; Silverwood; Mayville; Shaye Lake; Juniata; E. Dayton; Wilmost; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Vassar; Frankenmuth; Tuscola; Cass R.; Cassbridge; Blackmar; Birchrun; COunty LIne; Navan; Click; Saginaw; Foster; St.; Charles; Miner; Brant; Leutzfergus; Groveton; Chesaning; Oakely; Lapeer; Kings Mill; Lum; Hungers Creek; L. Hasler; Mippissi Cr.; Davison; Elba; Deanville; Burnside; North Branch; Weeks; Braidwood; Germania; Kingston; Decker; Snover; Noko; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Tuscola; Lapeer; Sanilac; Decker; Kingston; Imlay City; Saint Clair; Mt. Salem;Cpac; Brockway; Elliot; Sharpsville; Valley Center; Brown Center; Omardo; Elk Cr.; Redstar; Flynn; Marlette; Laurel; Redstar; Lamotte; Elmer; Berkshire; Cash; Sanilac Ce.; Carsonville; Poland; Port Sanilac; Lexinton; Lewis Siding; East Firemond; Amadore; Jeddo; Blaine; Fargo; Brockway; Yale; East Greenwood; Mt. Salem; Avoca Ruby; Northstreet; Bardendale; Huronia Beach; Gratiot; Amadore; Croswell; Peck; Watertown; Melvin; Speaker; Aitken; Abbottsford; Emmett; Pt. Huron Balt. Works; Marysville; Kimball; Tappan; Smith; Grabd Blacnk; Ranklin; S. Grand Blanc; Racine; Boot R.; Kenosha; Kenosha; Racine; Wind Pt.; Port Sheldon; New Holland; Ventura; Noordelo; Ottawa Beach;l Black R.; Graffeschap; Saugatuck; Douglas; New Richmond; Peachbelt; Ganges; Belknap; Glenn; Allegan; Pearl; Avis; Brave; Pearl; Allegan; Millgrave; Junningville; Fillmore C; Rolland; May; Veriselo; Oakland; Bentheim; Hamilton; North Dorro; Grisenlake; Moline; Corning; Middleville; Bradley; Minerlake; Hopkins; Minor Lake; Kellogg; Watson; Monteeth; Maplewood; Monterey; Dallas; Hillards; Diamond Sprs; Dogg; New Salem; Millgrove; Cloverdale; Orange; Mills; Watt L.; Cedar Creek; Corning; Molina; Grisen Lake; Parmelee; Nirving; Freeport; Gerkey; Carlton Ew.; Coats Gr.; Dellwood; Woodbury; Hastings; Barry; Maple L.; Yankee Spr.; Shultz; Quimby; Thorn Apple; Highbank; Kalamo; Morgan; Bristol L.; Dowling; Maple Cr.; Carlisle; Bismarck;asdasSunfield; Grandleedge; Shaytown; Rozana; Hoyt; Vermontville; Greshham; Chester; Charlotte; Kalamo. Nashville; Kings L.; Petreville; Kingsland; Kelly; Langsin; Delta; Fair Grounds; Millett; Packard; Potterville; Eatoninggham; Dansville; Mason; Aurelius; Klink; Westholt; Trowbridge; Haslett; Locke; Williamston; Meridian; Bunkerhill; Winfield; Onondaga; Fitchburg; Henrietta; Lowe L.; Holt; Williamston; Cohoctah; Indian L.; Parshallville; Fleming; Linginston; Lakeland; Bulls; Plainfield; Gregory; Stockbridge; UNadillac; Bruin L.; Greenoak; Oakgrope Sta.; Deercreek; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Clyde; Hartland; West Highland; Highland; Milford; New Hudson; Brighton; Wixom; South Lyon; Rinckney; Anderson; Island Lake; Annpere Summit; Howell; Davisburg; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Glyde; Harland; West Highland; Commerce; Hollister; Cass L.; Oxbow; Fourtowns; Sylvan; Oakland; Macomb; Clarkston; Clinton V.; Waterford; Eames; Plains; Alberto; Mount Vernon; Goodison; Rochester; Three Mile; Myrtle; Walled Lake; Walled L.; Walnut L.; Franklin; Beddow; Walnut; Oak Grove; Orchard Lake; Circl;e Big Beaver; Colerain; Clinton R.; Mt. Clemens; Chesterfield; Waldenburg; Washington; Daviso; Ray Cen.; Newhaven; Goodison; Clawson; Warren; Centerline; Frasier; Cady; Colerain; Pt. Huron; Dickinson Isl.; San Soui; Hansons Isl.; Algonac; Pear Beach; St. Clair; Peters; Calton;s Casco; Omo; Mt. Clemens Sta.; Walpole Isl.; Benton; Wadsworth; Waukegan; Lake Forest; Highland Pa.; Glencoe; Evanston; South Evanston; Illin; Lake; Rondout; Nor. W'N.; Stevensville; Vineland; GlenL ord; Hill Top; St. Joseph; Benton Harbor; Twelve Cors.; Hagar; West Casco; Springgrove; Hawkhead; Leisure; Black R.; South Haven; Long Siding; Fruitland; Packard; Covert; Elmwood; Van Buren; Windermere; Blakes; Pawpaw Lake; Coloma; Riverside; Millburg; Bainbridge; Spinks Cors.; Pennyann; Sister L.; Keeler; Sister Lakes; Carl; Hollywood; Berby Inchman; Carden; Stemm; Eau Claire; Nadmi; Pipestone; Dowagiue; Cushing; Glenwood; Volinia; Banksons L.; Grass Lake; Marcellus; Round L.; Cedar L.; Schoolcraft; Barrison; Lake Cora; Lawrence; Toquin P.O. or Paw Paw Jc.; Paw R.; Pinegrove Mills; Gobleville; Barlamont; Bloomingdale; Kendall; Mentha; Alamo; Cooper Sta.; Agenta; E. Cooper; Kalamazoo; Lauren Lake; Miller; Oshte Mo; Walker; Eassom; Brighton; Austin Lake; Prarie; Ronde; Pleasant L.; Dowagiae R.; Decatur; Howardsville; Moorepark; Partage; Parkville; Flowerfield; Vicksburg; Pavilion; Indian Field; Paper Mill; Nazareth; Streeter; Highland; Williams; Brownell; Scott Lake; Chicora; Chesire; Merson; Abronia; Kalamazo R.; Hooper; Neely; Silvercreek; Doster; Prarier V.; Milo; Bressey; Gull Lake; Merson; Chesire; Horseshoe; Pullman; Lee; Leesburg; Howardsville; Moorepark; Portage Lake; Mendon; Parville; Mattawan; Newbre; Texas; Pike L.; Pavilion; Pinecreek; Indian L.; Fulton; Athens; Climaz; Renton; Nazareh; Comstock; Augusta; Richaldn; Yorkville; Bedford Sta.; Base; Bedord; Penfield; Galesburg; Paper Mill; Cicksburg; Abscota; Calhoun; Battle Cr.; Nickols; Beadle P.O. or Beadle Lake; Wheatfield; Cerebco; Rice Cr.; Marshall; Marengo; Albion; Wilderville; Starlet; Sonomoa; Jorpa; E. Leroy;Tekonsha; Osborn; Burlington Sta.; Browns Sid.; S. Butler; Clarendon; Homer; Eckford; Condit; Bath Mills; N. Concord; Springport; Ottercreek; Ducklake; Duck L.; Partello; Gonyis; Penfield; Hickory Cors.; Assyria; Lacey; Banfield; Bellevue; Ceylon; Ainger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Brookfield; Charles Worth; Eaton Rapids; East Springport; Bandstone; Parma; Spring Cr.; Pulaski; Grover; Pulaski; Stonypoint; Legnidas; Mendon; Girard; Hoduck; Union City; Butler; Litchfield; S. Butler; Mosherville; Milnes; Scipio Moscow; Jerome; Bankers; Calhoun; Jackson; Jackson; Henrys Crg; Van Horn; Rives Jc.; Munith; Leslie; Winfield; Onodaga; Bunkerhill; Lowe L.; Unadilla; Gregory; Bruin L.; Plainfield; Anderson; Pinch; Spring Arbor; Reynolds; Concord; Pulaski; Cedarbank; Somerset; Haires; Ryder; Ackerson; Horton; Liberty; Hanover; Brooklyn & Watkins; Manchester; Norvell; Sharonville; Vineyad L.; Vampler L.; M. Jc.; Bullis; Lakeland; Mill Cr.; Francisco; Grass Lake; Michigan Cen.; Eldred; Napleon; Sharonville; Manchester; Gillet L.; Goose L.; Prison Side Tr.; Roots; Lit. Portage L.; Cranberry L.; Clark Lake; Clark L.; Johnson; Big Portage L.; Addison; Cement City; Cambridge; Springville; Devils L.; Lake Rest; Onstead; Pentecost; Sand L.; Putnam; Cowham; NDR.R; Chelsea; Waterloo; South L.; Lima; Fredonia; Hamburg; Webster; Northfield; Whitmore L.; Salem; Worden; Reshton; Dixboro; Cherryhill; Geddes; Ann Arbor; Ypsilanti; Delhi Mills; Scio; Fosters; Geer; W.L. Sta.; Washtenaw; Saline; Bridgewater; River Raisin; York; Orania; Stonycreek; Milan; M. Jc.; Watkins; W. Suimpter; Whitaker; Willis.; Belleville; Rawsonville; Wiard; Denton; Canton; Wayne Jc.; Nankin; Plymouth; Clinton; Lakeridge; Macon; Tecumseh; Stevens; Cone; Azalia; Britton; Ralsinville; Salt R.; Milan Jc.; Exeter; London; Maybee; Oakville; Carleton; Briar Hill; Scofield; Steiner; Grafton; Athlone; South Lyon; Four Towns; Novi; Farmington; Beddow; Southfield; Clarencefield; Redord; Plank Road.l Bellbranch; Beech; Stark; Wallace; Pizies Peak; Inkster; Dearborn; Rougmere; Navarre; Wayne Hand Sta.; Wayne; Martinsville; Willow; Waltz; Scofield; Grafton; Thlump; S. Rockwood; Bibral; Rockwood; Pt. Milleee; Snowport; Fighting Isl.; Yerrouge; Delray; Woodmere; Detroit; Windsor; Slocum Jc.; Grosse Ice; Plank Road; Royal Oak; Olve; Centerfold; Waukee; Hauvin; Detroit; Lake St. Clair; Claireview; Breiner; Conners Cr.; Clees V. Waukee Jc.; Hauvin; Grossepointe; Cottagegrove; Detroit; Rochester; Stony Pt.; Essex; Olinda; Ruthven; Kingsville; Pigeon Bay; Oxley; Whatty; l Rosse Ice; Slocum Jc.; Grosse Isle; Sibley; Trenton; Chandler; Wyandott; New Boston; Flat Rock; Lamton; Leamington; Mayfair; Chicago; Blue Island; Harvey; Hyde Park; Grand Crossing; South Chicago; Whiting; Hammond; Baileytown; Tolleston; Hageman; Otis; Michigan City; New Buffal; Union Pier; Webbers; Alfred; Lakeside; Harbert; Sawyer; Berrien; Bridgeman; Baroda; Livingston; La Porte; La Porte; New Carlisle; Three Oaks; Barnett Siding; Avery; Galien; New Troy; Galien R.; Buchanan; Sumnerville; Berrien Springs; Dowagiac; Lagrange; Wakelee; Penn; Forest Hall; Sandy Beach; Vandalia; Newburg; Browns; Edwardsburg; Truitts; Granger; Joseph R.; St. Joseph Elkhart; Crums Point; South Bend; Dayton; Buchanan; Blendora; Berrien Cen.; Fairland; Pokagon; Jefferson; Adamsville; Sailor; Baldwin L.; Long L.; Day; Redfield; Williamville; White Pigeon; Constantine; Perrin; Klingers; Fawn R.; Elkhart 5 Ann Arbor, Pac. Ex. R 10; 9 Arcadia & Betsey River, Am. Ex. L6; 91/2 Arnold & Eagle Harbor, A 16; 010 Atlantic & Lake Superior, Loc. Ex. B14; 10 AuSable & Northwestern, Am. Ex. K 12; 11 Bay de Noquet, G4; 121/2 Blaney & Southern, F 6; 13 Boyne City, Gaylord & Alpena, Ad. Ex. J9; 14 Chicago, Kalamazoo & Saginaw, Am. Ex. T8; 15 Chi., Milwaukee & St. Paul, U.S. Ex. F 1-D 15; 16 Cincinnati Northern, Am. Ex. V 11; Chicago & Northwestern, Am. Ex. F3-E 13; 25 Cleve., Cin., Chi. & St. Louis, Am. Ex. V5; 26 Copper Range, U.S. Ex. E. 14; 271/2 Delray Connecting, U 14; 28 Delta Lumber Co., G. 5; 29 Detroit & Charlevoix, Am. Ex. J 9; Detroit & Mackinac, Am. Ex. K 13 ; 301/2 Detroit & Toledo Shore Line, W 13 ; 31 Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic, W. Ex. E 17; 32 Detroit, Toledo & Ironton, Pac. Ex. U 13; 33 East Jordon & Southern, Am. Ex. J 9; 34 Empire & Southeastern Am. Ex. K 6; 341/2 Erie & Michigan Ry. & Nav. Co., M 13; 35 Escanaba & Lake Superior, U.S. Ex. F 2; Grand Rapids & Indiana, Ad. Ex. P 8; 37 Grand Trunk, Natl. Ex. S 11; 38 Harbor Springs, H 9; 381/2 Huron & Western, O 12; 039 Hecla & Torch Lake, A 15; 39 Jackson & Northern, U 11; 40 Kalamazoo, Lake Shore & Chi., Am. Ex. U 6; 401/2 Kenton & Houghton, D 14; 041 Keweenaw Central, A. 15; 41 Lake Shore & Michigan Southern, Am. Ex. V9; 411/2 Lake City & Northwestern, M8; 42 Lake Superior & Ishpeming, Am. Ex. D 2; 43 Ludington & Northern, M 5; 431/2 Mancelona & Northwestern, J 8; 44 Manistee & Grand Rapids, Ad. Ex. N 6; 45 Manistee & Luther, N 6; 46 Manistee & Northeastern, Am. Ex. L 6; 47 Manistique, E 6; 471/2 Manistique, Marquette & Northern, W. Ex. F 5; 048 Marquette & Southeastern, Am. Ex. E 3; 48 Michigan Central, Am. Ex. M 11; 49 Mason & Oceana, O 5; 50 Minn. St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie, W. Ex. F 9; 56 Mineral Range & Mohawk, W. Ex. B 15; 58 Munising, Am. Ex. E 4; 60 Onaway & North Michigan, I 11; 63 Ontonagon, B13; 75 Pere Marquette, U. S. Ex. Q 9; 80 Pontiac, Oxford & Northern, Am. Ex. Q 14; 90 Port Huron & Southern, R 16; 132 Sturgeon River & Nestor Lake, D 15; 140 Wabash, Pac. Ex. U 13; 145 Wisconsin Central, Natl. Ex. D 11; 148 Wisconsin & Michigan, Am. Ex. I 2;
r 8.7' SOj A iM E _N' A Xan] Wu Is ON, k"4, ceivenaw Electric Lines ete, -Bay A Adrian, pt Isabelle Be Denton Hmrbor 0*11 7 Railway* Light, fe ------ D Detroit. Flint & SagIna. D.,9, Detroit United, U. Esean a, ab G I Grand a.1(18, Grand H4,: Published by GEO. F. CRAM, Chicago, G3 Grand a ids, Muskegon, G5 Grand Rapids, Holland cago, MILES SCKLB OP ds & Kala G7 Grand Rapi Valley Traction, 20 H Houghton County, 3 Jacksnn.A-an Arbor & I Ms Marquette City & Presc e... 'Huron. slands F-1-1111.1 lzrWi_ _N1 -JEW hk &S41....... -- -------- '3 Vd, L Uri -6 iz 4ý ýýWrlza Zaix VY Xr 4: ab ra La ý57 BEAAR 4 rv "q 11,ý GR 14D MARNSýd MAIV. 'y cj, -v 4F EýNETT?n L L n.4 OjkSCADA ONOT ýR MINE. jllý jo.

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Title: Map of the United States Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Mankato Belle; Long Island; Washington; Marys V.; Kirwin; Seneca; Missouri; Grant Cy.; Mary V.; Bigelow; Napier; Albany; Bethany; Trenton; Princeton; Caines V.; Memphis; Lancaster; Keokuk; Alexandria; Kirksville; Edina; Bucklin; Bevier; La Plata; Quincy; Pattonsburg; Galt; Gallatin; Linneus; Brookfield; St. Joseph; Cameron; Kingston; Plattsburg; Platte Cy.; Liberty; Kansas Cy.; Liberty; Richmond; Salisbury; Marshall; Glasgow; Centralia; Mexico; Troy; New Franklin; Monroe Cy.; Shelby; Carrollton; Brunswick; Richmond; Salisbury; Marshall; Glasgow; New Franklin; Moberley; Lexington; Independence; Holden; Sedalia; K.C. Jc.; Pleasant Hill; Harrison V.; Clinton; Butler; Rich Hill; Warsaw; Jefferson Cy.; Osage R.; Bagnell; Hermann; Owens V.; Belle; Dixon; Lebanon; Rolla; Cuba; Salem; Hillsboro; St. Louis; Union; Pacific; Fredericktown; Jackson; De Soto; Bonne Terre; Farmington; Doe Run; Ste. Genevieve; Ironton; Potosi; Hilllsboro; Union Pacific; Bismarck; Piedmont; Ellington; Eminence; Willow Sprs.; Mansfield; Mountain Gr.; Aurora; Monett; Cassville; Pierce Cy.; Granby; Neosho; Joplin; Carthage; Ash Grove; Pittsburg; Minden; Greenfield; Lamar; Nevada; Buffalo; Bolivar; Thayer; Van Buren; Grandin; Doniphan; Malden; Poplar Bluff; Delta; Mingo; Doe Run; Green V.; Van Buren; Williamsville; Thayer; West Plains; Ozark; Forsyth; Willow Sprs.; Salem; Kentucky; Charleston; Dexter; Bird Point; Belmont; Mayfield; Columbus; Fulton; Cadiz; Wickliffe; E. Cairo; Metropolis; Princeton; Paducah; Shawnee T.; Henderson; Dixon; Madison V.; Nortonville; Gracey; Hopkinsville; Paducah; Princeton; Guthrie; Adair V.; Bowling Green; Scotto V.; Glasgow; Mammoth Cave; Leitchfield; Cecilian; Lebanon; Lawrenceburg; Springfield; Irvington; Owensboro; Cannelton; New Albany; Jeffersonville; Ohio R.; Henderson; Owensboro; West Pt.; Shelby; Lawrenceburg; George; Frankfort; Louisville; La Grange; Falmouth; Cynthiana; Covington; Newport; Greenup; Ashland; Catlettsburg; Wayne; Morehead; Williamson; Richardson; Jackson; Richmond; Paris; Lexington; London; Corbin; Cumberland Mts.; Somerset; Middlesboro; Greensburg; Danville; Burgin; Springfield; Winchester; Virginia; Big Stone Gap; Tazewell; Abingdon; Marion; Wytheville; Gossan; Stuart; Pulaski; Rocky Mt.; New River Dep.; Roanoke; Lynchburg; S. Boston; Salem; New Castle. Ronceverte; Clifton Forge; Lexington; Warren; Columbia; Cumberland; Burkeville; Claremont; Petersburg; Emporia; Franklin; Keysville; Farmville; Manchester; Clarksville; Staunton; Basic Cy.; Orange; Gordons V.; Luray; Calverton; Manassas; Alexandria; Brunswick; Leesburg; Elkton; Tennessee; Hickman; Paris ; Union City; Trenton; Dyersburg; Milan; Luxora; Jackson; Browns V.; Bolivar; Moscow; Lawrenceburg; Middleton; Fayette V.; Eldra; Perryville; Tennessee R.; Henderson; Napier; Nashville; Waverly; Dickson; Centerville; Columbia; Erin; Murray; Clarksville; Gallatin; Rogana; Hartsville; Carthage; Sunbright; Cookeville; Bonair; Lebanon; Pike V.; Murfreesboro; McMinnville; Tullahoma; Eldra; Detherd; Cleveland; Athens; Madisonville; Rockwood; Cross V; Linton; Knoxville; Corryton; Morristown; Rogersville; Johnson Cy.; Jellico; Cumberland Gap; Chattanooga; Madisonville; North Carolina; Mountain Cy.; Elizabethton; Wilkesboro; Mt. Airy; Leaksville; Taylors V.; Winston Salem; Salisbury; Hickory; Lenoir; Statesville; Newton; Lincolnton; Shelby; Blacksburg; Charlotte; Concord; Rutherfordton; Asheville; Waynes V. ; Bryso City; Murphy; Marion; Morganton; Hickory; Lenoir; Gastonia; Monroe; Bryson City; Murphy; Hendersonville; Waynes V.; Asheville; Reidsville; Oxford; Roxboro; Madison; Greensboro; Burlington; Durham; Springhope; Rocky Mt.; Raleigh; High Pt.; Ashborn; Pittsboro; Gulf; Sanford; Colon; Fayetteville; Newbern; Aberdeen; Carthage; Troy; Halifax; Lewiston; Tarboro; Ridgeway; Weldon; Elizabeth City; Edenton; Albemarle Sd.; Plymouth; Bethel; Washington; Wilson; Green V.; Goldsboro; Kinston; Cape Hatteras; Pamlico Sound; Beaufort; Morehead City; Cape Lookout; Fayetteville; Warsaw; Clinton; Hamlet; Maxton; Bennettsville; Lumberton; Chadbourn; Burgaw; Jacksonville; Wilmington; Cape Fear; South Carolina; Walhalla; Greenville; Spartanburg; Blacksburg; Yorkville; Chester; Union; Clinton; Anderson; Seneca; Laurens; Hartwell; Toccoa; Greenwood; Abbeville; Elberton; Newberry; Alston; McCormick; Edgefield; Aiken; Seivern; Kingsville; Blackville; Denmark; Savannah R.; Barnwell; Walterboro; Pregnalls; Branchville; Orangeburg; Santee River; Georgetown; Lanes; Conway; Florence; Fort Sumter; Charleston; Beaufort; Port Royal; Sylvania; Green Pond; Sumter; Camden; Darlington; Clio; Bennettsville; Cheraw; Lancaster; Wadesboro; Rock Hill; Georgia; Dalton; Layfayette; Ellijay; Tallulah; Fs. Toccoa; Gainesville; Lula; Cartersville; Dallas; Marietta; Hartwell; Athens; Lexington; Washington; Atlanta; Tallapoosa; Carrollton; Madison; Fairburn; Warrenton; Thomson; Augusta; Washington; Tennille; Louis V.; Millen; Wadley; Swainsboro; Macon; Barnesville; Griffin; Greenville; Grange; Newnan; Lanett; Talbotton; Swainsboro; Millen; Columbus; Hurtsboro; Girard; Hawkinsville; Fort Valley; Dublin; Empire; Statesboro; Stillmore; Lyons; Reidsville; Altamaha R.; Baxley; McRae; Worth; Fitzgerald; Ocilla; Douglas; Albany; Cordele; Americus; Cuthbert; Dawson; Albany; Abbeville; Hawkinsville; Clayton; Cuthburt; Dawson; Albany; Abbe V.; Arlington; Tifton; Flint R.; Dothan; Bainbridge; Thomasville; Moultrie; Quitman; Valdosta; Dupont; Okefenokee Swamp; Forkston; Brunswick; Darien; Walthourville; Fernandina; Jesup; Waycross; Baxley; Alabama; Florence; Stevenson; Sheffield; Athens; Huntsville; Decatur; New Decatur; Russellville; Cullman; Ft. Payne; Rome; Jasper; Winfield; Pratt Cy.; Birmingham; Ensley; Fayette; Columbus; Bessemer; Tuscaloosa; Akron; Center V.; Calera; Blocton; Columbiana; Talladega; Oxford; Anniston; Piedmont; Gadsden; Rome; Attala; Sylacauga; Roanoke; Dadeville; Greensboro; Prattville; Marion; Demopolis; York; Pine Hill; Camden; Greenville; Luverne; Union Springs; Tuskegee; Phoenix; Girard; Hurtsboro; Lumpkin; Wetumpka; Opelika; Eufaula; Ft. Gaines; Clayton; AbbeV.; Columbia; Geneva; Dothan; Elba; Pera; Ozark; Brantley; Troy; Searight; Georgiana; Repton; Evergreen; Andalusia; Flomaton; Alabama R.; Tombigbee R.; Jackson; Musgogee; Mobile; Mobile Bay; Mississippi Sd.; Florida; Crestview; Milton; De Funiak Springs; Marianna; River Jc.; Chattahoochie; Tallahassee; Monticello; Madison; Drifton; St. Marks; Apalachicola; Cape San Blas; Pensacola; Mill View; Carrabelle; Apalachee Bay; St. Marks; Live Oak; Perry; Mayo; Cedar Keys; Morriston; High Sprgs.; Gainesville; Archer; Callahan; Jasper; Lake City; Baldwin; Jacksonville; Mayport; Pablo Beach; St. Augustine; E. Palatka; Baldwin; Starke; Hampton; Palatka; Silver Spring; Deland; Ocala; Astor; Tavares; Sanford; Titusville; Orlando; Apopka; Wildwood; Leesburg; Dunnellon; Homosassa; Brooksville; Plant City; Tampa; Port Tampa; St. Petersburg; Tampa Bay; Braidentown; Manatee; Ft. Meade; Wauchula; Arcadia; Punta Gorda; Lake Okeechobee; Avon Park; Lake Kissimmie; Lakeland; Bartow; Dade City; Plant City; Brooksville; Tampa; Port Tampa; Jensen; Sebastian; Melbourne; Rockledge; Ft. Pierce; Charlotte Harbor; Myers; The Everglades; Miami; Ten Thousand Islands; Jupiter; Juno; W. Palm Beach; Ft. Lauderdale; Lemon City; Bay of Florida; Florida Keys; Florida Strait; Key West; New Providence Isl.; Andros Islands; Nassau; Bahama Islands; Cat Island; Watlings or San Salvador Isl.; Great Bahama; Great Abaco; Mississippi; Senatobia; Corinth; Iuka; Tuscumbia; Holly Springs; Sardis; New Albany; Tupelo; Lula; Coahoma; Eagles Nest; Oxford; Clarksville; Riverside; Tutwiler; Rosedale; Huntington; Winona; Eupora; Grenada; Okolona; Aberdeen; West Point; Tupelo; Amory; Huntington; Greenwood; Itta Bena; Leland; Greenville; Tchula; Percy; Durant; Rolling Fork; Yazoo Cy.; Vicksburg; Canton; Meridan; Lauderdale; Koscuisko; Ackerman; Lexington; Macon; Stark V.; Ackerman; Macon; Lexington; Demopolis; Forest; Jackson; Braxton; Laurel; Port Gibson; Hazlehurst; Pearl R.; Harriston; Wesson; Williamsburg; Natchez; McComb; Columbia; Woodville; Saratoga; Braxton; Forest; Waynesboro; Ellisville; Hattiesburg; Calvert; Lumberton; Merrill; Poplarville; Bay St. Louis; Pearl Riv.; Gulf Port; Scranton; L. Pontchartrain; Louisiana; Junction Cy.; Bastrop; Rayville; Mississippi Riv.; Ruston; Monroe; Winnsboro; Columbia; Winnfield; Port Gibson; Coushatta; Campti; Colfax; Jones; Woodville; Minden; Gibsland; Homer; Shreveport; Bienville; Long View; Coushatta; Campti; Natchitoches; Many; Mansfield; Homer; Gibsland; Minden; Shreveport; Bienville; Cypress; Alexandria; Cheneyville; Mansura; New Roads; Bundick; Jasper; Oakdale; Pelousas; Vidalia; Colfax; Jones V. ; Eunice; Arnaud V.; St. Martins; Lafayette; Abbeville; New Iberia; Franklin; Lake Charles; Echo;Iowa; Gueydan; DeQuincy; Midland; St. Martins V. ; Donaldson V.; New Orleans; Gretna; Schriever; Morgan City; Napoleonville; Thibodaux; Buras; Belair; St. Bernard; Buras; Houma; Delta of the Mississippi; Jackson; Clinton; Kentwood; Slaughter; Amite; St. Francisville; Baton Rouge; Pt. Allen; Plaquemine; Ponchatoula -
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Title: Map of the United States Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Pacific Ocean; Dominion of Canada; Atlantic Ocean; Gulf of Mexico; Mexico; British Columbia; Okanogan; Vernon; Lower; Nakusp; Selkirk; Lardo; Sandon; Calgary; Alberta; Gleichen; High River; Nanton; Kininvie; Medicine Hat; Coleridge; S. Saskatchewan River; Saskatchen; Maple Creek; Crane Lake; Lumsden; Old Wives Lake; Jaw; Pasqua; Regina; Qu’Appelle; Strassburg; Kamsack; Yorkton; Saltcoats; Lipton; Qu’Appelle R.; Esterhazy; Indian Head; Grenfell; Broadview; Whitewood; Weyburn; Moosomin; Fleming; Manitoba; Lake Dauphin; Lake Manitoba: Lake Winnipeg; Gladstone; Strathclair; Minnedosa; Neepawa; City Brandon; Winnipeg; Selkirk; W. Selkirk; English R.; Lac Seul; St. Joseph Lake; Albany R.; Moose Riv.; Mattagami Riv.; Abittbe Riv.; Harricanano Riv.; Nottawa Riv.; Cumberland; Albernie; Str. Of Juan de Fuca; Cape Flattery; Victoria; Flattery Rocks; Olympic Mts.; Cape Johnson; Nanaimo; Chemanis; Port Angeles; Pt. Townsend; Everett; Mt. Vernon; Sedro Woolley; Sumas; Excelsior; Hamilton; Anacortes; Blaine; Str. Of Georgia; Vancouver; New Westminster; Port Moddy; Mission; Yale; North Bend; Agassiz; Rock Port; Bellinshaw; Haven; Washington; Puget Sound; Tacoma; Shelton; Elma; Montesano; Hoquaim; Grays Harbor; Willapa Har.; Gate; Ocosta; Oysterville; Nahcotta; Cape Dissapointment; Fort Stevens; Seaside; Portland; Hillssoro; Tillamook; Newberg; Cape Lookout; Sheridan; McMinn V.; Mt. Hood; Woodburg; E. Portland; Vancouver; Yacolt; Kalama; South Bend; Chehalis; Centralia; Olympia; Ballad; Seattle; Falt City; Sallal Pr.; Waterville; Snohomish; Monte Cristo; Everett; Mt. Vernon; Lake Chelan; Okanogan R.; Coulee Cy.; Wenatchee; Roslyn; Ellensburg; Mt. Rainer (Mt. Tacoma); North Yakima; Golden Dale; Columbia R.; Prosser; Pasco; Connell; Ritzville; Oregon City; Biggs; The Dalles Heppner; Shaniko; Umatilla; Willows; Walla Walla; Starbuck; Snake Riv.; Winona; Oakesdale; Tekoa; Odessa; Cheney; Davenport; Spokane; Republic; Wallula; Dayton; Waitsburg; Dudley; Bonners Ferry; North Port; Colville; Rathdrum; Coeur; Murray; Mission; Wardner; Wallace; Farmington; Garfield; Moscow; Genessee; Kendrick; Juliaette; Ahbahka; Colfax; Pullman; Pomeroy; Lewiston; Willows; Umatilla; Milton; Athena; Pendleton; Elgin; La Grande; Union; Mt. Idaho; Grangeville; Grand Forks; Greenwood; Rossland; Trail; Penticton; Robson; Nelson; Arrow Lake; Okanogan Lake; Slocan L.; Kaslo; Kootenai Lake; Kootenai R.; Crows Nest; Fernie; Cranbrook; Macleod; Bitter Root Mts.; Flathead Lake; Sandpoint; L. Pend d’Oreille; Columbia Falls; Summit; Carlow; Ootenai Falls; Jennings; Lethbridge; Sterling; MaGrath; Thompson; Mt. Idaho; Salmon Riv.; Grantsdale; Hamilton; Garrison; Phillipsburg; Carlan; Drummond; Garrison; Deer Lodge; Calvin; Anaconda; Stuart; Silverbow; Butte; Boulder Valley; Elkhorn; Helena; Brighton; Ft. Benton; Marias Riv.; Ft. Assiniboine; Shelby Jc.; Austin; Pacific Jc.; Havre; Toledo; Burke; Mullan; Quartz; Lombard; Logan; Townsend; White Castle; White Sulphur Sprs.; Monarch; Barker; Farmington; Missouri Riv.; Big Sandy; Milk Riv.; Big Timber; Musselshell Riv.; Rep Lodge; Cinnabar; Bowler; Bridger; Merrill; Laurel; Billings; Bull; Yellowstone River; Forsyth; Tongue R.; Ft. Keogh; Miles City; Montana; Fallon; Yellow Grass; Weyvburn; Arcola; Oxbow; Alameda; Esevan; Savoy; Ashfield; Hinsdale; Glasgow; Nashua; Lenox; Wolf Point; Poplar; Culbertson; Buford; Williston; Walla; Glendive; Wibau; Sentinel Butte; Medora; Dickinson; Hebron; Washburn; Cannon Ball R.; Sims; Voltaire; Garrison; North Dakota; Ambrose; Portal; Bowsell; White Earth; Stanley; Kenmare; Lansford; Minot; Souris; Bouttine; Ashcroft; South Dakota; Moreau River; Glenham; Pollock; Duroc; Evarts; Bowdle; Roscoe; Eureka; Leola; Aberdeen; Ipswich; Groton; Sisseton; Ellendale; Webster; Conde; Bradley; Faulkon; Kulm; Wishek; Edgeley; Lamoure; Milnor; Olkes; Kindred; MooHheal; Glyndon; Winnipeg Jc.; South Dakota; Lakota; Saples; Antler; Melit; Rolla; St. John; Brandon; Kemnay; Virden Souris; Reston; Deloraine; Boisseain; Carberry; Morden; Manitou; Grenao; Portage La Prarior; Carman; Morris; St. Boniface; Otterbourne; Emerson; Morris; Cavalier; Necheo; Hannah; Park River; Towner; Rugby; Bismarck; Fessenden; Sykeston; Carrington; Coopers T.; Jamestown; Dawson; Medina; Sterling; Steele; Sanbohn; Valley City; Hope; Hillsboro; Mayville; Grand Forks; McHenry; Devils L.; Leeds; Minnewaukono; Esmond; P.R. Jc.; Devils Lake; Cando; Churchs Fy.; Linton; Mandan; Sims; Braddock; Naroleon; Edgeley; Adrian; Lamoure; Milnor; Lidgerwood; Tintah; Mankinson; Breckenridge; Barnsville; L. Itasca; Ferus; Halstad; Casselton; Fargo; Thief River Falls; Greenbush; War Road; Lake of the Woods; Rat Portage; Barclay; English River; Carlstad; Lake Nipigon; Linkooping;l Fort William; Ilanters Isl.; International Falls; Red Lake; Black Duck; Vermition Lake; Tower; McKinley; Virginia; Biwabik; Allen Jc.; Soudan; Winton; Gunflint; Grand Marais; Gunflint; Isle Royale; Hibbing; Fosston; Crookston; Park Rapids; Aitkin; Walker; Leech L.; Stony Brrok; Cloquet; Carlton; Duedth; Superior; Bayfield; Apostle Ids.; Ashland; Iron R.; Allen Jc.; Mason; Marengo; Hurley; Ironwood; Bessemer; Gruesbeck; Cameron; Landysmith; Rhinelander; Tomahawk; Merrill; Antigo; Abbottsford; Marshfield; Prentice; Kennan; Cameron; Ladysmith; Turtle Lake; Stillwater; Hudston; St. Paul; Minneapolis; Anoka; Sauk Rapdis; Milaca; Little Falls; Mille Lacs; Brainerd; Willmar; Ortonville; Webster; Hankinson; Eau Clair; Chippewa Falls; Merill; Antigo; Monico; Sidnaw; Houghton; Allouex; Ontonagon; Mass; Crystal Falls; Port Arthur; Michipicoten Isl.; Josephine; Middleton; Long Lake; Nipigon; Tirudeau; White River; Otter; Dalton; Pardee; Chapleau; Woman River; Michipicoten Harbor; Keweenaw Point; Republic; Canning; Iron Mtn.; Watersmelt; Powers; Keweenaw Bay; Ishpeming; Marquette; Seney; Sooj; Trout Lake; Sault Ste. Marie; Thessalon; Algoma; Spanish River; Goulais; L. Superior; Lac Duc Flambeau; Minocqua; Rhinelander; Kennan; Prentice; L. Huron; Lake Michigan; Grand Manitoulin Isl.; Bibcotasin; Pogamasing; Cartier; Whitefish; Sunbury; Cheboygan; Charlevoix; Gaylord; Petosky; Beaver Is.; Escanaba; Green Bay; Alpena; Georgian Bay; Parry Sound; Lake Nipissing; North Bay; Nipissing Jc.; Lake Keepawa; Lake Temiscaming; Lake Victoria; Montreal Riv.; Lake Abittibe; Huntsville; Emsdale; Powassan; Haliburton; Bracebridge; Lake Bouchette; Gatineau Riv.; Ottawa; Arnbrior; Renfrew; Pembroke; Carleton; Cornwall; Ft. Coulogne; Lake St. John; Roberval; R. St. Maurice; Shawenegan; Three Rivers; Rivierre Pierre; Quebec; Ste. Anne; Kiskisink; Chicoutimi; Trois Pistoles; R. Saguenay; Lawrence River; Jolliette; St. Jerome; Greenville; Buckingham; Hawkesbury; Valleyfield; Rouses Pt.; St. John; Montreal; St.; Constant; St. Macinthe; Sorel; Nicolet; Drummondville; Marbleton; Arthabaska; Doucets Landing; Kingsbury; St. Henri; Ste. Anne; Actonvale; Sherbrooke; Coaticook; Farnham; Lake Pipmuakan; Lake St. John; R. Sauguenay; Chicoutimi; Rimouski; Little Metis; Metapedia; News Brunswick; Riviere Du Loup; St.; Louis; Mouth of St. Francis; Elgin Road; Van Buren; Grand Falls; Caribous; Presque Isle.; A. Jc.; Chaleure Bay; Dalhousie; Campbellton; Ashland; Newburg Jc.; Woodstock; Houlton; Patten; Debec; A. Jc.; Schoodic L.; Brownville; Chesuncook L.; Moosehead L.; Chamberlain L.; Maine; Greenville; Bingham; Calaie; St. Ephen; St. Andrews; Patten; Seboois; McAdam Jc.; Idaho; Minnesota; Oregon; Cape Foulweather; Dallas; Airleil; Wittamette R.; Salem; Scio; Lebanon; Coburg; Natron; Eugene; Range; Umpque River; Marshfield; Empire; Coquille; Bandon; Cape Blanco; Port Orford; Gold Beach; Pt. St. George; Jacksonville; Crescent City; Myrtle Point; Roseburg; Yoncalla; Cottage Grove; Prineville; Crooked R.; John Day River; Summer Lake; Eagle Point; Medford; Ashland; Upper Klamath Lake; Klamath Lake; L. Elmath; Pt. St. George; Yrekas; Upton; Montague; Mt. Shasta; Rliett Lake; Smithson; Scotia; Eureka; North Fork; Cape Mendocino; Arcata; Blocksburg; Pitt River; Redding; Red Bluff; Ehama; Honeys Lake; Eagle Lake; Amedee; Altura;s Madeline; Smoke Cr.; Desert; Goose Lake; Sierra Nevada; Shasta Mts.; Black Rock Desert; Winnemucca; Mill City; Oreano; Pyramid Lake; Wadsworth; Browns; Goldconda; Iron Point; Battle Mtn; Shoshone; Palisade; Paradise Valley; Halleck; Elko; Deeth; Wells; Toana; Cobre; Ullin; Lugin; Franklin L.; Ruly L.; Bridges; L. Jc.; Coin; Lake View; Warner Lake; Albert Lake; Harney Lake; Burns; Sumpter; Baker City; Durkee; Huntington; Payette; Ontario; Vale; Blue Mts.; Malheur R.; Malheur Lake; Owyhee R.; Weiser; Indian Valley; Payette R.; Emmett; Boise; Caldwell; Murphy; Mountain Home; Delamar; Silver City; Snake River; Shoshone Falls; Rock Creek; Albion; Bellevue; Mackey; Idaho City; Challis; Swan Lake; Bear R.; Paris; Preston; Blackfoot; Idaho Falls; Rexburg; St. Anthony; Wind River Range; Crab Tree; Beaver; Market Lake; Arco; Pocatello; American Falls; Wapi; Yellowstone National Park; Shoshoke Mts.; Soda Springs; Montpelier; Smithfield; Brigham; Hyrum; Logan; Cache Jc.; Kelton; Kolmar; Great Salt L.; Salt Lake Cy.; Garfield Beach; Tooele; Bingham; Kaysville; Ogden; Bountiful; Sandy; Eoro City; Coalville; Douglas; Park Cy.; Uintah Mts; Heber; Alta; Lehi City; Mercuro; Pleasant Grove; Utah L.; Spanish Fork; Sprinsville; Provo City; Vernal; Evanston; Bridger; Almy; Green R.; Granger; Green River; Rock Springs; Patrick; Red Desert; Creston; Rawlins; Dana; Hanna; Allen Jc.; Glen Rock; Douglas; Wendover; Hartville Jc.; Sweetwater R.; Casper; Atlantic City; Big Piney; Horse Creek; Ft.; Russell; Cheyenne; Burns; Kimball; Sidney; Grover; Carr; Buckingham; Willard; Greeley; Hardin; Ft. Luptin; Ft. Collins; Stout; Loveland; Arkin; Longmont; Hahns Peak; Bear R.; White R.; Meeker; Hudson; Wiggins; Ft. Morgan; Brush; Akron; Yuma; Laird; Goodrich; Brighton; Laird; Holyoke; Crook; Fleming; Buckingham; Willard; Chenyenne; Mitchell; Bordeaux; Horse Creek; Ft. Russell; Bridgepoint; Kimball; Sidney; Burns; Northport Jc.; Kimball; Julesburg; Nebraska; Platte Riv.; Guernsey; Lusk; Orin; Casper; Glen Rock; Douglas; Ft. Russell; New Castle; Cambria; Moorcroft; Gillette; Clearmont; Aladdin; Spearfish; Dundance; Black Hills; Lead; Deadwood; Whitewood; Belle Forche; Sturgis; Piedmont; Rapid City; Cheyenne River; Philip; Hill City; Keystone; Hot Springs; Buffalo Gap; Minnekahta; Pine Ridge; Merriman; Rosebud; Cody; Pierre; Ft. Pierre; Forest City; Gettysburg; Blunt; Highmore; Miller; Oriento; Redfield; Doland; Clark; Watertown; Wolsey; Chamberlain; White Riv.; Gregoy; Bonesteel; Platte; Armour; Tripp; Woonsocke; Wessington Sprs.; Madison; Sioux Falls; Parker; Canton; Flandreau; Brookings; Madison; Granite Falls; Redwood Falls; Mashall; Tracy; Loverne; Pipestone; Windom; St.; James; Worthinton; Fairmont; St. James; New. Ulm; L. Crystal; St. Peter; Fribault; Waseca; Albert Lea; Wells; Minnetonlca R.; Litohfield; Hutchinson; Glencoe; St. Peter; Mankato; New Ulm; Red Wing; Turtle Lake; Stillwater; Hudson; St. Paul; Hinckley; Mille Lacs; Tomahawk; Merrill; Abbottsford; Marshfield; Trevino; Grand Rapids; Baradoo; Viroqua; Desoto; Elroy; Sparta; La Cross; Preston; Wisconsin; Winona; La Cross; Spring Val.; Rochester; Zumbrota; Wabasha; Faribault; Menomonie; Hastings; Fairchilds; Merrillan; Trevino; Marshland; Sparta; Elroy; Desoto; Viroqua; Prarie; Du Chien; Woodman; Madison; Montfort; Lancaster; Platte V.; Monroe; Darling; Ton; Eagle; L. Geneva; Beloit; L. Geneva; Kenosha; Racine; Burlington; Waukesha; Milwaukee; Conomowoo; Port Washington; Sheboygan; Plymouth; Fond Du Lac; Chilton; Manitowoc; Two Rivers; Green Bay; Kewaunee; Algoma; Sturgeon Bay; Eland; Wausau; Abbottsford; Marshfield; New Lisbon; Necedah; Elroy; Baraboo; Lone Rock; Watertown; Portage; Waupun; Ripon; Berlin; Neenaw; Michigan; L. Michigan; L. Huron; Mackinaw City; St. Gnace; Cheboygan; Charlevoix; Alpena; Harrisville; Vienna; Houghton L.; Mancelona; Grayling; Walton; Cadillac; Harrison; Standish; Alger; Gaylord; Traverse Cy.; Ludington; Baldwin; Clare; W. Bay Cy.; Saginaw; Ithaca; Ashley; Owosso; Flint; Lapeer; Palms; Harbor Beach; Pt. Austin; Bad Ave.; Clare; Muskegon; Copemish; Manistee; Frankfort; Cedar Sprs.; Ionia; Grand Haven; Holland; Allegan; South Haven; Kalamazoo; Benton Har.; St. Joseph; Niles; Sturgis; Hillsdale; Ypsilanti; Monroe; Adrian; Jackson; Battle Creek; Charlotte; Detroit; Howell; St. Clair; Port Huron; Saginaw Bay; Ann Arbor; L. Erie; Wiarton; Owen Sound; Collingwood; Orangeville; Kincardine; Harriston; Wingham; Gullph; Berlin; Stratford; Sarnia; Woodstock; London; St. Thomas; Brantford; Burlington; Galt; St. Catharines; Niagara Falls; Buffalo; Burwell; Toronto; Barrie; L. Simcoe; Midland; Orillia; Bracebridge; Coe Hill; Lindsay; Peterborough; Sharbot L.; Smiths Falls; Brock V.; Picton; Coburg; Pt. Hope; Whitby; L. Ontario; New York; Malone; Swanton; Stalbans; Plattsburg; Moira; Adirondae; Babanac; Montpelier; Champlain Mts.; Leicester; Woodstock; Leicester; Ticonderoga; N. Creek; Rutland; Claremont Jc.; S. Londonderry; Brattlebond; Johns T.; Fonda; Saratoga Sprs.; Albany; Ochoes; Utica; Rome; Oneida L.; Oneida; Herkimer; Norwich; Hudson; Pittsfield; Greenfield; Troy; N. Adams; Cairo; Catskill Mts.; Walton; Bloomville; Neonta; Van Etten; Auburn; Syracure; Fulton; Gayuga; Geneva; Mt. Morris; Ayon; Batavia; Attica; Springvale; Rochester; Kent; Lockport; Lyon; Gouverneur; Carthage; Sackets Har.; Richland; Ticonderoga; Mayville; Dayton; Chautaugua L.; Jamestown; Lean Addison; Corning; Hornellsville; Wayland; Ayon; Ulysses; Poughkespsie; West Pompton; Vermont; Newport; Barton; Cambridge; Plattsburg; Burlington; Whitefield; Wood V.; Barrie; Bristol; Woodstock; Leicester; Rutland; Claremont Jc.; Brattleboho; Keene; Franklin Jc.; New Hampshire; Cole Brook; Berlin; St. Johnbury; Whitefield; Mechanics Falls; Warren; Laconia; Rochester; Concord; Manchester; Sun Cook; Dover; Nachua; Maine; Van Buren; Grand Falls; Caribou; Presque Isl.; Ashland; A. Jc.; Newburg Jc.; Houlton; Debec; Patten; Woodstock; New Brunswick; St.Stephen; St. Andrews; Princeton; Milfod; Eastport; Machias; Bucksport; Mr. Desertby; Mt. Desert; Waterville; Augusta; Rumford Falls; Newport; Strong; Kingfield; Penobsoot Bay; Belfast; Brownville; Mattavankeag; Seboois; Patten; Greenville; Bethel; N. Conway; Auburn; Lewiston; Bath; Brunswick; Wibcasset; Rockland; Portland; Saco; Biddeford; Berwick; York Beach; Portsmouth; Rockport; Mass.; Newburyport; Lawrence; Salem; Lowell; Marlboro; Lynn; Boston; Quincy; Cape Code; Provincetown; Plymouth; Brooklyn; Tauton; Springfield; Worcester; Northampton; Holyoke; Westfield; Fitchburg; Athol; Conn.; Hartford; Middletown; Waterbury; Danbury; New Haven; Norwich; Providence; Woonbooket; New Bedford; Buzzards Bay; Fall River; Biasconset; Nantucket; Newport; Narragansett Bay; Westerly; New Dondon; New Haven; Bridgeport; Long Island; Montauk; Amagansett; Sag Harbor; Jefferson; Babylon; Hempstead; Brooklyn; New York; Jersey City; Sandy Hook; Long Beach; Yonkers; New Jer.; Boonton; Paterson; Passaic; Newark; Trenton; Boundbrook; Perthamboy; New Brunswick; Seaside Park; Freehold; Barnegat; Beach Haven; Tuckerton; Atlantic City; Bridgetor; Camden; Long Beach; Millville; Long Beach; Cape May; Delaware Bay; Lews Georgetown; Seaford; Pennsylvania; Cory; Warren; Bradford; Coundersfort; Lawrenceville; Sayre; Montrose; Honesdale; Pt. Jervis; Boonton; Union Cy.; Meadville; Oil City; Ridgeway; S. Rockwayville; Mercer; Butler; Allegheny; Wellsburg; Wheeling; Benwood; Uniontown; Cumberland; Connells V.; Confluence; Rockwood; Chambersburg; Gettysburg; York; Philadelphia; Wilmington; Carlsle; Harrisburg; Shippensburg; Johns T.; Cresson; Tyrone; Altoona; Pittsburg; Indiana; Punzbutawney; Clearfield; Lockhaven; Driftwood; Blossburg; Williamsport; Canton; Carbon; Dale; Wilkesbarre; Shamokn; Easton; Port Royal; Pottsville; Lebanon; Reading; Maunch; Chunk; Stoudeburg; Wilmindston; Ohio; Toledo; Sandusky; Bellevue; Akron; Sharon; Warren; Youngstown; New Castle; Canton; Massillon; Steusenville; Bellaire; Cambridge; Zanesville; Newark; Bellefontaine; Urbana; Sidney; Piqua; Lima; Kenton; Findlay; Defiance; Napoleon; Montpelier; Fremont; Deshler; Tiffin; Bucbus; Mansfield; Galion; Marion; Mt. Vernon; Springfield; Dayton; Franklin; Washing C.H.; Hamilton; Cincinnati; Midland; Portsmouth;Gallipolis; Ironton; Chillicothe; Athens; Circle W.; Marietta; Logan; Columbus; Thurston; Moundsville; Sisters V.; New Martins V.; Ohio R.; Wellsburg; Wheeling; Benwood; West Virginia; Mannington; Hagerstown; Grafton; Fairmont; St. Marys; Pankerburg; Clarksburg; Weston; Burning Sprs.; Spencer; Ripley; Pt. Pleasant; Clendenin; Sutton Clay; Holly; Beverly; Elkins; Montebey; Durbin; Harrisonburg; Addison; Marlinton; Richwood; Hinton; Fayette; Ronceverte; Sutton; Clary; Clendenin; Huntington; Kenova; Charleston; Coalburg; Williamson; Richardson; Jackson; Jaeger; Raleigh; Welch; Powhatan; Pocahontas; Bluefield; Hinton; New Castle; Ripley; Spencer; Burning Sprs.; Pankersburg; St. Marys; Fairmont; Mason; Louisa; Maryland; Hagerstown; Martins Burg; Charles T.; Hapers Ferry; Westmunster; Frederick; Baltimore; Brunswick; Leesburg; Romney; Strasburg; Fredericksburg; Popes Cr.; Mechanics Vy.; Davis; Thomas; Cakalnd; Piedmont; Keyser; Green Sprs.; Manassas; Luray; Washington; Chester; Amyrna; Elkton; New Castle; De Grace; Potomac R.; Chesapeake Bay; Ocean City; Laurel; Salisburg; Acoomac; Cape Charles; Chester T.; Haston; Dover; Oxford; Upper Marlboro; Clairborne; Cambridge; Virginia; Delawre Bay; Cumberland Mts.; Big Stone Gap; Marion; Abingeon; Bristol; New River Dep.; Salem; Roanoke; Stuar; Wytheville; Gossan; Danville; S. Boston; Keysville; Farmville; Petersburg; Franklin; Cumberland; Manchester; Columbia; James R.; Williamsburg; West Pt.; Norfolk; Virginia Beach; Munden; Suffolk; Portsmouth; Empira; Clarksville; Clifton; Forge; Rondeverte; Staunton Basic Cy.; Abingeon; Bistol; Rocky Mt.; Middlesboro; Indiana; Michigan Cy.; South Bend; Elkart; Goshen; Kendall; Plymouth; Ft. Wayne; Wabash; Delphos; Decatur; Marion; Muncie; New Castle; Richmond; Rushville; Hamilton; Shelbyville; Greensburg; Convinston; Bedford; Columbus; Seymour; Madison; Jeffersonville; Paoli; Washington; Sullivan; Pinceton; Mt. Vernon; Evansville; ROckport; Vannelton; Irvington; Robinson; Bloomington; Marshall; Terre Haute; Brazil; Indianapolis; Crawfordsville; Danville; Lafayette; Monon; Logansville; Momence; Valparaiso; N. Hudson; Chicago; Laporte; Illinois; Galena; Freeport; Rockford; Forreston; Savanna; Fulton; Denrook; Rock Island; Buda; Streatord; La Salle; Ottaw; Joliet; Hammond; Kankakee; Dwing; Pontaic; El Paso; Mackinaw; Bloomington; Gibson Cy.; Gilman; Bement; Clington; Champaign; Dedatur; Lincoln; Springfield; Auburn; Girard; Jacksonville; Roudhause; Litchfield; Ramsey; Altamont; Effingham; Olney; Mattoon; Neoga; Cowden; Taylor; Beardstown; Cahthage; Bushnell; Dallas Cy.; LaHarpe; Bearstown; Havana; Keithsburg; Monmouth; Galesburg; Galva; Lacon; Wapello; W. Liberty; Buda; Dixon; Alton; Vandalia; Lawrence V.; Vincennes; Flora; Mt. Vernon; Fairfield; E. St. Louis; Gentralia; Sparta; Crystal Cy.; Duquoin; Benton; Carmi; Eldorado; Carbondale; Murphysboro; Chester; Penny; Shawnee T.; Dixon; M. Carmel; Iowa; Rock Rapids; Esherville; Sibley; Spencer; Sheldon; Centerville; Le Mars; Elk Point; Sioux City; Moville; Wali Lake; Ida Gr.; Onawa; Tekamah; Mondamin; Mo. Val.; Harlan; Mailla; Danison; Carroll; Boone; Perry; Jefferson; Lake Cy.; Ft. Dodge; Sac Cy.; Storm Lake; Cherokee; Rolfe; Eagle Grove; Clarion; Balmond; Hampton; Charles Cy.; Garnet; Mason; Cyoosag; Armstrong; Burt; Cresco; Hamton; New Hampton; Waukon; N. McGregor; Oneida; Delaware; Dubuque; Maquoketa; Sabula; Clinton; Davenport; Iowa City; Grinnell; Belle Plaine; Pellac; Evans; Skaloosa; Hedrick; Washington; Fairfield; Mt. Pleasant; Burlington; Ft. Madison; Centerville Seymoure; Diagonal; Shenanddah; Sidney; Clarinda; Creston; Villisca; Winterset; Atlantic Knoxville; Red Oak; Glenwood; Council Bluffs; Avoca; Mashalltown; State Cen. Nevada; Muscatne; Wapella; Nebraska; Dakota Jc.; Crawford; Hemingford; Michell; Bridgeport; Kimball; Sidney; Julesburg; Northport Jc.; Ellsworth; Alliance; Niobrara River; Rushville; Chadron; Merriman; Cody; Valentine; Hyannis; Mullen; North Platte; Ogallalla; Wallace; Grant; Imperial; Culburtson; Republican R.; Benkelman; Beaver City; McCook; Holdrege; Elwood; Platte R.; Alma; Kearney; Kenesaw; Minue; Hastings; Republican Cy.; Red Cloud; Harvard; Aurora; Grand Isl.; Boelus; Central Cy.; Boelus; St. Paul; Palmer; Cedar Rps; Columbus; Neligh; Ericson; Greele; Merna; Sargent; O'Neill; Stuart; Bassett; Ainsworth; Thedford; Dunning; Mullen; Vroman; Cozad; Callaway; Lexington; Arcadia; Boelus; Central Cy.; Broken Boy; Aurwell; Ord; Norfolk; Verdigris; Creighton; Plainview; Humphrey; Madison; Scriener; N. Bend; Schuyler; Cedar Rps.; Palmer; St. Paul; Stromsburgh; Lincoln; Crete; Dewirt; Fairburn; Nebraska Cy.; Wymore; Falls Cy.; Curning; Roseberry; N.C. Jc.; Omaha; Fremond; Blair; N. Jeno; Hebron; Colorado; Hahns Peak; Bear R.; White R.; Deque; Grand Jc.; Utaline; Delta; Montrose; Lake Jc.; Aberceen; Ridgeway; Telluride; Dolores; Rico; Vance Jc.; Macos; Durango; Pagosa Sprs.; Silverton; Ironton; Lake City; Aberdeen; Farlin; Monarch; Viela Grove; Saguache; Moffatt; Oreede; Lake City; Lake Jc.; Baldwin; Crested Butte; Anthragite; Aspen; Granite; Gunnibon; Uray; Aspen Jc.; Red Cliff; Leadville; New Castle; Glenwood Sprs.; Gypsum; Como; Central Cy.; Lafayette; Crook Fleming; Holyoke; Laird; Yuma; Akron; Brush; Ft. Morgan; Burlington; Claremont; Byers; Agate; Flager; Cheyenne; Wells; Limon; Hugo; Ramah; Falcon; Colorado Sprs.; Kit Carson; Galatea; Rocky Ford; Sheridan Lake; Lamar; Holly; Delhi; Lab Animas; Cucharas Jc.; Pueblo; Salt Cr.; West Cliffe; Orient; Florence; Canyon Cy.; Pikes Pk.; Elizabeth; Colorado C.; Manitou; London; Del Norte; Walsenburg; Roube; Garlands; Antonito; Amosa; Wagon Wheel Gap; Saguache; Oriente; Buence Vista; Salida; Cripple Cr.; Georgetown; Idaho Sprs.; Central Cy.; Boulder; Erie; Sunset; Ft. Logan; Longmont; Arkin; Loveland; Stout; Ft. Collins; Greeley; Hardin; Grover; Carr; Buckingham; Willand; Sterling; Scranton; Byers; Denver; Utah; Kelton; Terrace; Lugin; Ullin; Lakeside; Great Salt L.; Salt Lake Cy.; Garfield Beach; Grantsville; Tooele; Sandy; Great American Desert; Bingham; Lehi City; Mercurd; Pleasant Grove; Utah L.; Springville; Spanish Rock; Provo City; Unitah Mts; Vernal; Heber; American Fork; Alta; Park Cy.; Douglas; Coalville; Eoho City; Bountiful; Kaysville; Ogden; Brigham; Byrum; Logan; Smithfield; Cache Jc.; Kolmar; Ironton; Silver City; Nepth; Paysgn; This; Pleasant Val.; Green R.; Mt. Pleasant; Price; Grassy; Scofield; Moroni; Leaminton; Sevier Lake; Black Rock; Neels; Milford; Frisco; Lund; Uvada; Mineral Range; Rillmore; Salina; Senior N.; Marysville; Wasatch Mts.; Teasdale; Cainesville; Monticello; Bluff; San Juan R.; Escalante; Kanab; St. George; Cedar City; Parowan; Pangditch; Junction; Beaver; Nevada; Black Rock Desert; Smoke Cr. Desert; Pyramid Lake; Wadsworth; Browns; Oreano; Mill City; Winnemucca; Golconda; Iron Point; Paradise Valley; Battle Mtn.; Shoshone; Palisada; Elko; Halleck; Deeth; Wells; Toana; Cobre; Ullin; Franklin L.; Puly L.; Alpha Cherry Cr.; Bridges; L. Jc.; Colin; Hot Springs; Virginia City; Dayton; Ft. Churchfill; Mason; Gillis; Carson City; Hawthorne; Luning; Walker L.; Bodie; Candelaria; Queen; Belmont; Tonopah; Goldfield; Silver Peak; Hot Creek Mts.; Fryberg; Rhyolite; Goldcenter; Duck Water; Eureka; Ely; Geyser; Pioche; Caliente; Mormon R.; St. Thomas; Las Vegas; Searchlight; Desert Mts.; Armagona R.; Virgin Riv.; California; Pt. St. George; Crescent; City; Montague; Mt. Shasta; Rhett Lake; Goose Lake; Alturas; McCloud; Smithson; Pitt River; Yrekas; Upton; North Fork; Arcata; Ferndale; Eureka; Scotia; Cape Mendocino; Blocksburg; Shasta Mts.; Redding; Red Bluff; Ehama; Honey Lake; Susanville; Eagle Lake; Madelina; Amedee; Sierra Nevada; Fort Bragg; Sherwood; Covelo Willos; Fruto; Sites; Lakeport; Rumee; Davisville; Woodland; Colusa; Pt. Arena; Healdsburg; Calistoga; Guernewille; Markham; Santa Rosa; San Anselmo; San. Rafael; Sausalito; San Francisco; San Mateo; Rumse; Helene; Davisville; Woodland; Yba Cy. Auburn; Marsy; Oroville; CHico; Sacramento; Reno. Truckee; L. Tahoe; Nevada City; Colfaz; Placerville; Sacramento; Galt;. Ione; Lodi; Stockton; Valley Springs; Mono Lake; Bodie; Milton; Oakland; Aladema; Benicia; Elmira; Suisun; Wara; Lejo; Seley; Niles; Santa Clara; San Mateo; Tracy; Sonora; Woodcamp; Felton; Santa Cruz; Gilroy; Holliser; Los Banos; Tres Pinos; Newman; San Jose; Joaquin R.; Verman; Madera; Berendo; Raymond; AMerced; Modesto; Polearsky; Fresno; Goshen; Visalia; Tulare; Tulare L.; Pasa Robles; San Luis Obispo; San Miguel; Cape San Martin; Pt. Sur.; Monterey; Salinas; Watsonville; San Lucas; Kerman; Hanford; Armona; Olig; Santa Maria; Kern L.; Mojave; Bakersfield; Kern; Planto; Famoso; Freeman; Randsburg; Death Valley; Bullfront; Mt. Whitney; Alvord; Hammil; Queen; Kramer; Santa Maria; Guadaloupe; Pt. Harford; Barstow; Daggett; Borate; Ivanpah; Purdy; Ludlow; Pt. Arguello; Lompoo; Los Olivos; Elwood; Santa Barbara; Lancaster; Ventura; Santa Cruz Isl.; Santa Ross Isl.; Pt. of Rooks; Oxnard; Saugus; Chatsworth; Los Angeles; Pasadena; Monrovi; Chino; San Bernardino; San Bernardino Mts.; Seven; Palms; Salton; Old Beach; Parker; Danby; Goffs; Lulow; Ash Hill; Santa Ana; San Jauan; Santa Cataline Isl.; San Clemente Isl.; San Nicolas Isl.; San Pedro; Redondo; L.A. Jc.; E. Jc.; San Diego; Coronado; National City; Riverside; Colton; Coronoa; Pomona; Monrovi; Redlands; Los Angeles; Monrovi; Pasadena; Escondido; Fosters; Tortuga; Mexico; Lower California; Pt. Banda; San Quentin; San Jorges B.; Sonora; Hermosillo; Oriz; Guaymas; Carbo; Magdalena; Rio del Altar; Fronteras; La Cananea; R. de Sonora; R. Yagua; La Paz; Sinaloa; R. del Fuerte; Sinaloa; Altata; Culiacan; Durango; Llano Blanco; Peronal; Bermejillo; Mapimi; Torreo; Horizonte; Chihuahua; Chihuahua; Santa Eulalia; Boquillaso; Saucillo; La Cruz; Santa Rosalia; Minas Nuevas; Rio Conchas; Bachimba; Santa Eulalia; Guerrero; Sauz; Rincon; Parral; Rosario; Jimenez; Corralitos; Escalon; Sirrra Mojada; Cuatajuienegas; Sierra Madre; Montezuma; Gallego; Laguna; Sauz; Casas Grandes; Ojo Caliente; San Jose; Fronteras; San Pedro; Ciudad Juarez; Samalayuca; Grande del Norte; Coahulia; Jalisco; Parras; Hornos; Paila; Trevino; Cisneros; Saltillp; Monterey; Nuevo Leon; San Miguel; Tamaulipas; Mactemorelos; Matamoras; Guady; Lampazo; Rodriguez; Nuevo Laredo; Allende; Nova; Zaragosa; Spottford; Sabinas; Monclova; Brownsville; Padre Island; Gulf of Mexico; Texas; El Paso; Clint; Ft. Hancock; Sierra Blanca; Van Horn; Palmero; Riverton; Dalberg; Kent; Toyah; Pecos; Barstow; Monahans; Recos River; Odessa; Midland; Stanton; Big Spring; Colorado; Sweetwater; Abilene; Ballinger; Coleman; San Angelo; Sherwood; Aspermont; Dickens; Floydada; Plain View; Texico Portales; Llano Estacado or Staked Plains; Hereford; Claredon; Memphis; Red R.; Childress; Wuanah; Crowell; Vernon; Iowa Park; Wichita Falls; Henrietta; Bowie; Bridgeport; Jacksboro; Seymour; Haskell; Stamford; Weatherford; Strawn; Anson; Albany; Roby; Snyder; Brazos Riv.; Granbury; Cleburne; Wazahatchi; Hillsboro; Morgan; Gatesville; Temple; Belton; Georgetown; Cameron; Rockdale; Brady; Goldthwaite; Lampasas; Burney; Llano; Mason; Marble Falls; Austin; Kerrville; San Marcos; Lockhard; Bastrop; Rock Springs; Alpina; Valentine; Dalberg; Van Horn; Sierra Blanca; St. Stockton; Ft. Davis; Haymond; Longfellow; Palermo; Riverton; Presidio; Dryden; Langtry; Shumla; Comstock; New Baunfels; San Marcos; Luling; La Grange; Brenham; Taylor; Camerson; Gainsville; St. Jo.; Ryan; Denison; Bonham; Honey Grove; De Kals; Paris; Mt. Pleasant; Texarkana; Linden; Sulphur Sprs.; Greenville; Wolfe; McKinney; Denton; Dallas; Fort Worth; Decatur; Garrett; Kaufman; Terrell; Mineola; Tyler; Corsidana; Jacksonville; Palestine; Mexia; Marlin; Bremond; Franklin; Calvert; Hearne; Trinity; Trinity R.; Palestine; Wortham; Waco; Rockaldn; San Augustine; Naoogdoches; Carthage; Henderson; Long View; Marshall; Waskom; San Marcos; Lockhard; New Braunfels; Seguin; San Antonia; Hondo; Del Rio; Cline; Batesville; Eagle Pass; Cuidad; Pearsall; Floresville; Kenedy; Stockdale; Hallettsville; Yoakum Wharton; Cuero; Edna; Victoria; GHoliad; Angleton; Van Vleck; Bay City; Velascao; Galveston; Port Bolivar; Dabine Pass; Port Arthur; Range; Liberty; Houston; Sealy; Sabine Pass; Alvin Bay; Port Bolivar; Goliad; San Diego; Corpus Christi; Skidmore; Beeville; Port Lavana; Matagorda Bay; Rio Grande; Hidalgo; Isabel; Brownsville; Matamoras; Hebbronville; Alice; Laredo; Burro; Cotulla; Aransas Pass; Rockport; New Mexico; Juan River; Farmington; Aztec; Lumberton; Chama; Tierra Amarilla; Blossburg; Catskill; Haton; Cliftonhouse; Folsom;Des Moises; Grenvill; Clayton; Salona; Naravisa; Bravo; East Las Vegas; Shoemaker; Levy; Springer; Corta; Fulton; Lamy; Tucumcari; Logan; Naravisa; Salona; Moriarty; Santa Rosa; Conant; Puerto de Luna; Cubero; Blue Water Thoreau; Wingate; Gallup; Ft. Wingate; Eldrige; Rio Puerco; St. Johns; Belen; Sabinal; A. & P. Jc.; Los Lundas; Abo; Willard; Vaugh; Yesso; La Lenda; Elida; Campbell; Roswell; Hagerman; Carlsbad; Dayton; Malaga; Las Cruces; Brice; Cox Canon; Almagordo; Temporal; Lincoln; Ft. Stanton; Capitan; Carrizozo; Lava; Cutter; Rincon; Nutt; Lake Valley; Deming; Wina Hermanas; Aden; Lordsburg; Steins; White Water; Silver City; Ft. Bayard; Pinos Altos; Kingston; Metcalf; Cooney; San Antonia; San Marcial; Rio Grande; Arizona; Grand Canyon; Colorado River; White Hills; Chloride; Peach Sprs.; Hackberry; Kingman; Gorman; Seligman; Ash Fork; Williams; Flagstaff; Canon Diablo; Little Colorado R.; St. Joseph; Holbrook; Navajo; Houck; Needles; Jerome Jc.; Gorman; Babbitt; Winslow; Jerome; Prescott; P. Jc.; Poland; Mayer; Congress; C. Jc.; A. & C. Jc.; Crownking; Peoria; Black R.; Fort Apache; Gila Bens; Estrella; Phoenix; Salome; Wickenburg; Colorado Riv.; Peoria; Tempe; Mesa; Gila R.; San Carlos; Hglose; Morenci; Duncan; Ft. Thomas; Florence; Dudleyville; Ft. Thomas; Thatcher; SSooc; Bowie; Steins; Cochise; Casa Grance; Maricopa; Estrella; Gila Bens; Gila River; Sentinel; Aztex; Tacna; Yuma; Quijotoa; Silverbell; Red Rock; Rillito; Tucson; Fairbank; Huachucha; Crittendan; Calabasa; Nogales; Naco; Tombstone; Bisbee; Osborn; Douglas; Cochise; Pearce; Steins; Wilcos; Gila R.; Oklahoma; Guymon; Optima; Beaver; Englewood; Woodward; Fk. of Canadian; Arkansas Riv.; Alvac; Anthony; Medford; Ingensoll; Waynoka; Augusta; Dage; Homestead; Okeene; Hennessey; Kingfisher; Arapaho; Weatherford; Elk City; Hobart; Mangum; Ft. Sill; Lawton; Comanche; Duncan; Marlow; Purcell; Lexington; Tecumseh; Normah; Shawnee; Chandl; Bristow; Guthrie; Stillwwater; Perry; Billings; Pond Cr.; Tonkawa; Blackwell; Ewkirk; Ponca; Saklesville; Chelsea; Coffeyville; Galenaci;l Afton; Vanita; S.W. City; Sildam Sprs.; Wagoner; Ft. Gibson; Benton V.; Westville; Tahlequah; Sallisaw; Hartshorne; Heavener; Coalgate; Lehigh; Tishomingo; Atoka; Kiowa; Holdenville; Eufaula; Muskogee; Sapulpa; Normal; Tishomingo; Caddo; Madill; Lehigh; Wyanewood; McAlester; Durant; Madill; Caddo; Antlers; Marietta; Ardmore; Davis; Raule; Kansas; Herdon; Atwood; St. Francis; Goodland; Sharon Sprs.; Wallacde; Winona; Colby; Oberlin; Norton;Lendra; Hoxie; Hill City; Oakley; Leotie; Smoky Hill R.; La Crosse; Ness City; Utica; Dighton; Scott; Horace; Syracuse; Lanin; Garden Jetmore Cy.; Arkansas Riv.; Cimarron; Coolidge; Cimarron; Doge City; Bucklin; Meade; Ulysses; Liberal; Ashland; Coldwater; Medicine Lodge; Hazelton; Kiowa; Wellington; Kingman; Arkansas Cy.; Macksville; Larned; Sterling; Hutchinson; Stafford; Hoisington; Great Bend; Lyons; Genesseo; Hays; Ellsworth; Russell; Luray; Plainville; Russell; Salina; Lincoln; Solomon; Manchester; Junction Cy.; Minneapolis; Beloit; Concord; Clyd; Clifton; Alton; Stockton; Logan; Phillipsburg; Kirwin; Almena; Norton; Long Island; Mankato Belle; Washington; Marys; Greenleaf; Blue Rap.; Lay Cen; Miltonvale; Manahattan; Abilene; White City; Herinton; McEherson; Marion; Canton; Florence; Newton; El Dorado; Wichita; Kingman; Wellington; Moline; Cedarvale; Independence; Cherryvale; Fredonia; Parsons; Columbus; Oswego; Galenao; Girard; Iola; Ft. Scott; Leon; Yates Cen.; Garne; Sawatomie; Paola; Olaths; Lawerence Abbentine; Ottawa; Council Gr.; Strong; Emporia; Topeka; Eureka; Leavenworth; Alma; St. Marys; Miltchvale; Clay Cen.; Blue Rap.; Clifton; Greenleaf; Sasetha Haawatha; Horton; Troy; Greenlear; Concordia; Minneapolis; Downs; Lincoln; Luray; Plainville; Russell; Hays; Ellsworth; Smith Cen. -
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Title: Map of the World Township: - Range: - Section: - Keywords: Cape Chelyuskin; North East Cape; St. Thaddeus Bay; Taimur Isl.; Taiumur Bay; L. Taimur; Legato R.; Sakalova; Papigaiskoe; Khatanga Bay; Nordwik Bay; Anabara R.; Govriga; Ust Anabarkoe; Ust Anabarkce; Olenek; Nordenskjold Sea; Liakof Islands; Liarof Island; Bielkova Isl; Kotelnoh Isl.; Kotelnoi Isl.; Saunikof Land; Bennett Isl.; Henrietta Isl.; C. Medvedshu; Maloi Isl; Liakof Isl; Manic Isl.; Kroma R.; Ust Yansk; Bulun; Borkhaya B.; Mouths of the Lena River; Barkin; C. Sviatoi; Allaika; Jeannette Isl; Or New Siberia; Fadievsko Isl.; New Siberia; Bear Is.; C. Medveii; Aiun Isl.; C. Chelakhskai; Wrangel Isl.; Herald Isl.; Arctic; Icy Cape; Point Barrow; Smith Bay; C. Halket; Nigalek; Beaufort Sea; Martin Pt.; Mackenzie Bay; Prince Patrick Isl.; Lands End; Eglington Isl.; C. Prince Albert; C. Kellett; Nelson Head; Franklin B.; Cape Bathurst; Cape Dalhousie; Banks Land; McClure Strait; Eglington Isl.; Melville Isl.; Parry Islands; Melrille Sound; Melville Sound; McClintock Channel; Pr. Albert Land; Minto Inlet; Prince Albert Sound; Victoria Land; North Cornwall; Grinnell St.; Grinnell Sl.; Bathurst Isl.; Cornwallis Isl.; Wellington Ch.; Barrow Strait; Prince of Wales Isl.; North Somerset; Pegent Inlet; Franklin Str.; Soothia; Magnetic Pole; Gulf of Boothia; Hayes Sound; Bache Isl.; Baghe Isl.; Baohe Isl.; Ellesmere Land; North Lincoln; Jones Sound; Cobourg Isl.; North Devon; Lancaster Sound; C. Liverpool; Bylot Isl.; Ponds Inlet; C. Bowen; C. Adair; Scott Inlet; Baefin Land; Byam Isl.; Kanc Basin; Prudhoe Land; Pt. Foulke; Smith Sound; C. Parry; North Lincoln; Jones Sound; Cobourgh Isl.; Baffin Bay; C. York; Melville Bay; C. Walker; Wolstenholme Sound; Inglefield Gulf; Peninsula; Clarence Head; Hayes; Prudhoe Land; C. Walker; C. Shaokleton; Upernavik; Omenak Fiord; Scott Inlet; C. Adair; Ponds Inlet; C. Bowen; Greenland (Denmark); Peterman Pk.; Scoresby Land; Jamebon Land; C. Brewster; Scoresby Sound; Liverpool Isl.; Davy Sound; C. Parry; Bontekoe Isl.; Francis Joseph Fiord; Gael Hamkes Bay; Shannon Isl; Koldewey Isl; C. Bismarck; Edam Land; King William Land; C. Brewster; Jan Mayen Isl.; Greenland Sea; Arctic Ocean; Amsterdam Isl.; King B.; Prince Charles Foreland; Spitzbergen; Spltzbergen; Ice Fiord; Bell Sound; Horn Sound; Greenland Sea; Hamnerfest; North Cape; Bear Isl.; Barents Isl.; Edge Isl.; Olga Strait; Thousand Is.; Hope Isl.; North East Land; Barents Sea; Wiches or King Charles Land; Vardeohuus; Waranger Fiord; Salm Isl.; Hooker Isl.; Northbrook Isl.; Great Ice Cape; Cape Lutke; Admirality Pen.; Nova Zembla; Wybe Jans Water; Admirality Pen.; Goose Bay; Strait of Kara; Aigach Isl.; Matochkin Strait; Kara Sea; White Isl.; Cape Mauritius; Barents Ld.; C. Fern; Gulf of Yemisei; Gulf of Yenisei; Gulf of Ob; Swerevo; Rechensol Is.; Rechensoi Is.; Vaigach Isl.; Lonily Isl.; Piasina R.; Swerevo; North Cape; Hammerfest; Kheta Riv.; Turishshk; Tunguska R.; Angara R.; Yeniseisk; Krasnoiarsk; Saiansk Mts.; Bratskoi; Irkutsk; Dzindzili; Michaelova; Marka R.; Seganka; Olenek R.; Lena R.; Krasioi; Krasnoi; Shigansk; Villiui R.; Olekininsk; Vitimsk; Vitim R.; Lake Baikal; Chita; Onon R.; Russian Siberia; Verkhoianskoi Mts.; E. Viliuisk; Yakutsk; Taen Arinskaia; Lena R.; Amginskaia; Aldan R.; Nelkan; Olekma R.; Stanovoi; Udskol; Nikolaievsk; Blagovestchensk; Amur R.; Yana R.; Indigirka R.; Zashiversk; Alakh; Yunskaia; Tauiskaia; Okhotsk; Nelkan; Port Aiane; Sea of Okhotsk; Shantarski Is.; C. Elizabeth; Langri; Sakiiatin (Russia); Sakhalin (Russia); Paramushir Isl.; Nikolajevski; Alazuia R.; Alazeia R.; Sredni Kolyinsk; Kolyma R.; Circle; Stanovio Mountains; Ghijiga; Yamsk; G of Ghijinsk; G. of Penjinsk; Tigilsk; Nijni Kamchatka; Ka mchatka Bolsheretsk; Euril Strait; Cape Lopatka; Petropavlovs; G. of Kronotski; Nijai Kamchatka; C. Yakan; Chaoun R.; Takokagin; Anadir R.; Anadirskoi; Fenjinsk; Penjinsk; Olutorsk; C. Olutorsk; Karaginski Isl.; C. Ozernoi; Bering Isl. (Rus.); Copper Isl. (Rus.); Near Is.; Ray Is.; Andreanof Is.; Aleutian Islands (U.S.); Pribilof Is. (U.S.); Dutch Harbor; Umak Isl.; Nunivak Isl.; Kuskoquin B.; Kuskocuin B.; C. Nevenham; St. Michael; Nelson Isl.; St. Matthew Isl. (U.S.); C. Navarin; St. Lawrence Isl.; C. Chukotski; Gulf of Anadir; Bering Straight; Kotzebue Sound; Pt. Hope; C. Lisburne; Initkilly; Ft. Morton; Colville R.; Koukuk R.; Alaska (United States); C. Pr. of Wales; Nome; Norton Sd.; Anvik; Kuskoquir R.; Mt. Wrangel; Kenai; Orea; Otes; Iliawna L.; Ft. Alexander; Bristol B.; Alaska Pen.; Shumagin Is.; Nunivak Isl.; Yukon R.; Tanana R.; Peavy; Bering Sea; Nijni; Kolymsk; Arctic Circle; Verkhalansk; Verkhoianskoi Mountains; Russian; Siberia Empire; Arctic; Arctic North; Kromskaia B.; Mouths of the Indigirka River; Khatanga R.; Selenga; Urga; Argoon R.; Manchuria; Kirin; Vladivostok; Sappor; Sapporo; Hoangho or Yellow R.; Yangtze R.; C. Romanza; Unimak Isl.; Ounalaska Isl.; Trinity Is.; Kadiak Isl.; Afognak Isl.; Gulf of Alaska; Yakutat; Chickagof Isl.; Chicragof Isl.; Sitka; Baranof Isl.; Pr. of Wales Isl.; Jackson; Dixon Entrance; Queen Charlotte Is.; Yakutat; Dyea; Mt. St. Elias; Mt. Logan; Ft. Selkirk; Dawson; Eagle; Nuklukayet; Circle; Porcupine R.; Ft. Good Hope; Mackenzie R.; Dominion North of Canada; Ft. McPherson; Old Ft. Good Hope; Dolphin & Union St.; Mackenzie Bay.; Ft. Norman; Ft. Simpson; Ft. Frances; Ft. Halketto; Ft. Halkett; Ft. Liard; Laird R.; Baird R.; Bairit R.; Ft. Halketto; Juneau; Ft. Wrangel; Ft. St. John; Queenstown; Lat. Slave L.; Hagate Strai; Cascade; Wollaston Land; Coronativn G.; Coronation G.; Coronatiun G.; Great Bear Lake Point; L. Pelly; Clinton; Dodbavant L.; Clinton Doobaunt L.; Great Slave L.; Ft. Resolution; Ft. Race; Ft. Liard; Ft. Race; Ft. Chippewayan; L. Athabasca; Reindeer L.; Peace R.; Dunvegan; Lit Slave L.; Edmonton; Battleford; Calgary; Saskatachewan R.; Victoria Str.; Franklin Str.; Elliot B.; L. Garry; Chesterfield Inlet; Golden L.; Yathkyed L.; Island L.; Fort Churchill; Indian L.; C. Churchill; Port Nelson; C. Tatnam; Nelson R.; Ft. Severn; Severn R.; Lake Winnipeg; Yonk Factory; Manitoba L.; Pr. Albert; Boothia; C. Wison; Fox Channel; Southampton Isl.; Fisher Strait; Hudson Bay; Mansfield Isl.; C. Churchill; Port Belson; C. Tatnam; C. Canada; Canada (British); Clearwater Lake; Ft. Hope; Elliot B.; Portland; Pt. Severn; James Bay; Ft. Albany; British; Moose Factor; Ft. George; Finland; C. Kater; C. Mercy; C. Dyer; Cumberland Sound; Hall Isl.; Frobisher Bay; Resolution Isl.; Hudson Strait; C. Wolstenholme; Mosquito Bay; Unoava Bay; Ungava Bay; Labrador (Dep. of Newpoundland); Rama; Hebron; Nain; C. Chidley; Clearwater Lake; Ft. Chimo; Hamilton Inlet; L. Melville; Mingan; Cape Bauld; Belle Isl.; C. Charles; Julianshaab; Frederikshaab; Ivigtut; Davis Strait; Lichtenfels; Godthaab; Holsteinborg; Christianshaab; Disco Isl.; Godhavn; Disco B.; Christian IX Land; Kjoge Bay; C. Juel; Cape Bille; Cape Discord; Cape Farewell; Denmark Straight; Horror Bay; Mt. Rigby; Egede Land; Knighton Inlet; C. Brewster; Nord C.; Brede Fiord; Faxa Fiord; Iceland (Den.); Roykjavik; Reykjavik; British Isles; Arctic Circle; Langanaes; Faroe Is. (Den.); Shetland Is.; Orkney Is.; Hebridges; Scotland; C. Lindesnaes; Dundee; Edinburgh; Glasgow; Belfast; Ireland; Dublin; Cork; St. George's Channel; Portsmouth; London; England; Liverpool; Hull; Newcastle; Lofoden Is.; West Fiord; Trondhjem; Christiania; Orway; Weden; Stavanger; Skagerrack; Gottenborg; Gefle; Christiania; Trondhjem; Sweden; Norway; West Fiord; Tromsoel; Lofoden Is.; Tornea R.; Kniaja; L. Onega; Mezen; Mezen R.; Vardoehuus; Waranger Fiord; Europe; L. Ladoga; St. Petersburg; Novgorod; Volga R.; Dnieper R.; Volga R.; Ural R.; Ural Mts.; Black Sea; Constantinople; Brusa; Astrakhan; Germany; Khaf; Kashan; Ispahan; Massaua; Aden (Br.); Somaliland; (Italy) Udan; Africa; Rio De Oro (Sf.); South Atlantic Ocean; Tropic of Capricorn; Inaccessible Isl.; Tristan Da Cunha Isl.; Nightingale Isl. (Brit.); Gough Isl. (Br.); Cape Town; St. Helena Isl. (Brit.); Tao; Wadan; Zemur; Teneriffe; Somali C. Lindesnaes; North Sea; Denmark; Copenhagen; Hamburg; Netherlands; The Hagne; Leipsic; Frankfort; Belgium; Dresden; Berlin; Gottenborg; Stockholm; Tromsoel; Kiolen Mts.; Karva; Lapland; Tornea; Uleaborg; Pitea; Umea; Gulf of Bothnia; Finland; Wasa; Kuopro; Viborg; Stockholm; Baltic Sea; Vilna; Vina; Konigsberg; Duna R.; Riga; Sel Isl.; Osel Isl.; Reyel; G. of Finland; Danzig; Dresden; Warsaw; Kola; Kolguev Isl.; C. Kanin; Barzuga; White Sea; Keni; Kem; Archangel; Onega; Dwina R.; Mezen R.; L. Onega; L. Ladoga; Europe; St. Petersburg; Novgorod; Volga R.; Vologda; Russian Empire; Russia; Moscow; Kaluga; Kursk; Kief; Saratof; Don R.; Gulf of Cheskoi; Petchora R.; Mezen; Mezen R.; Petchora Bay; Pustosensk; Viatka; Nijni Novogorod; Kazan; Ufa; Kama R.; Simbirsk; Orenburg; Perm; Kara B.; Mufa; Obdorsk; Nadym R.; Berezof; Siberia; Ob River; Surgut; Tarda R.; Tobolsk; Ekaterinburg; Petropaulovsk; Tabol R.; Ishim R.; Akmolinsk; Irtish R.; Dudinsk; Yenisei R.; Taz R.; Turukhansk; Kazimsk; Bakhtinsk; Narim; Tomsk; Omsk; Orsk; L. Chany; Semipalatinsk; Chinese Empire; Jungaria; Ulisassuta; Manchuria; East Turkestan; Mongolia; Barkul; Pichan; Turkestan; Shashau; Koko L.; Tibet; Chingtu; Prinaku; Bunakh; Lassa; India; Beotan; India (British): Mandalay; Bhamo; Tonkin; Yunnan; Yangtue R.; Argoon R.; Mukden; Pekin; Hoanghoor Yellow R.; Vulin; Yenngan; Ning; Tientsin; Taiyuan; Singanfu; Hankau; Whichang; Wuchang; Nankin; Shanghai; China; Changsha; Queiyang; Queling; Canton; Macoa (Por); Amov; G. of Tonkin; Kwanchauwan; (Br.); Hongkong (Br); Fuchau; Queling; Nanchang; Nankin; Kailar; Mergen; Tsitsikar; Sungari R.; Aigun; Khabarovka; Ningouta; Vladivostok; Patuua; Petuua; Port Arthur (Jar.); Mukden; Pekin; G. of Pechili; Weihaiwai (Br.); Weihaiwar (Br.) Kisochau (Ger); Yellow Sea; Yellow R.; Tsina; Nagasaki; Nagasakj; Korea Strait; Seoul; Korea; Sanmun; Formosa Straight; Formosa (Japan); Shuri; Rui Kui Is. (Japan); Oshima; Kiushu; Shikoku; Osaka; Kyoto; Sado Ls.; Japan Sea; G. of Tartary; Isl (Japan); Patience B. La Porouse Strait; Le Porouse Strait; Kunashiri Isl.; Yezo; Hakodate; Aomori; Hondo; Tokyo; Japan; Yokohama; Bonin Is. (Japan); Volcano Is.; Kurile Is (Japan); Yokohama to Port Townsend; Yokohama to San Francisco; North Pacific Ocean; Tropic of Cancer; Los Jardines Isl.; Birds Isl.; Honolulu; Kauai Isl.; Kauat Isl.; Maui Isl.; Hawaii (U.S.); Hawaii Isl.; Cure Isl.; Midway Isl.; Lisiansky Isl.; Layson Isl.; Gardner Isl.; Vancouver Isl.; Victoria; Seattle; Olympia; Columbia Riv.; Portland; Salem; Eureka; C. Mendocino; Sacramento; San Francisco; San Jose; San Luis Obispo; Pt. Conception; Los Angeles; San Diego; Guadalupe Isl.; Pt. Eugenia; Westminster; Tacoma; Cascade Range; Great Salt Lake; Salt Lake City; Spokane; Butte; Helens; Deadwood; Boise; Booky Mts.; Laramie; Ogden; Lead V.; Pioche; Santa Fe.; Durango; Fresno; Lower California; Colorado R.; Phoenix; Rio Grande del Norte; Hermosillo; G. of California; La Paz; Mazatlan; San Blas; C. Corrientes; Guaymas; C. San Lucas; Chihuahua; Regina; Winnipeg; L. of the Woods; United States; Fargo; Duhuth; Duhith; L. Superior; Bismarck; Missouri R.; Cheyenne; Lincoln; Omaha; Sioux City; Des Moines; Indianapolis; Chicago; Madison; Milwaukee; St. Paul; Superior; Denver; Pueblo; Topeka; Kansas City; Wichita; Trinidad; Guthrie; Little Rock; Red R.; Arkansas R.; Mississippi R.; San Antonio; Galveston; Gulf of Mexico; Saltill; Monterey; Matamoros; El Paso; Austin; Houston; Dallas; L. Nepigon; L. Nepiyon; L. Michigan; Lansing; Detroit; Sault Sto. Marie; Sault Ste. Marie; Ottawa; Kingston; L. Huron; Toronto; L. Odr.; Lake Erie; Buffalo; Cleveland; Trenton; Pittsburg; Baltimore; Columbus; Toledo; Springfield; St. Louis; Cincinnati; St. Louis; Louisville; Cairo; Memphis; Nashville; Chattonooga; Norfolk; Raleigh; Washington; Chesapeake Bay; Wilmington; Charleston; Jacksonville; Montgomery; Mobile; Birmingham; Jackson; Atlanta; Columbia; Mississippi R.; New Orleans; Tallahassee; Tampa; Cape Sable; Key West; Depinos (U.S.); Havana; Merida; Grkatree; Cuba; Tula; Tampico; Gulf of Campeche; Quebec; St. Lawrence R.; Anticost Isl.; Gulf of St. Lawrence; Pr. Edward Isl.; Fredericton; Montreal; Augusta; Portland; Albany; Hartford; Concord; Boston; Providence; Brovidence; Newport; Fundry B; Fundy L.; Halifax; C. Sable; Nova Scotia; Gulf of Lawrence; Long Island; New York; Philadelphia; Delaware Bay; C. Hatteras; Bermuda Is. (Br.); Bahama Is. (Brit.); San Salvador; Port au Prince; Santo Domingo; Santo Domingo; San Juan; Porto Rico (U.S.); Newfoundland (Br.); St. Johns; C. Race; Cape Breton Isl.; St. Pierre (FR.); Nova Scotia; Sable Isl.; North Atlantic Ocean; Tropic of Cancer; Flores; Azores Is. (Por.); Terceira; S. Miguel; S. Maria; Madeira Isl. (Por.); Canary Is. (Sp.); Palma; Ferro; Cape Blanc; Cape Blanco; English Channel; Nantes; Paris; Brussels; Bay of Biscay; Bordeaux; Toulouse; Tououse; Andorha; Saragossa; Spain; Madrid; Portugal; Seville; Lisbon; C. St. Vincent; Gibralter; Str. of Gibrattar (Br.); El Arish; Tangier; Mekinez; Morocco; Morocoo; Mogador; Fez; Gibraltar (Br.); Spain; Madrid; Seville; Lisbon; Oporto; Portugual; C. Finsterre; Orleans; Luxemburg; France; Lyon; Monaca; Genoa; Tatta; El Abbas; Tangier; Balearic Is.; Messina; Berne; Munich; Switzerland; Venice; Milano; Marseille; Corsica; Barcelona; Sardinia; San Marino; Rome; Naples; Italy; Mediterranean Sea; Algiers; Oran; Algeria (Fr.); El Golea; Wargla; Ghadames; Tunis (Fr.); Naples; Tunis; G. of Cabes; Tripoli; Malta; Sicily; Palermo; Rome; Italy; Venice; Danube R.; Austria; Lembergo; Lemberg; Vienna; Budapest; Hungary; Trieste; Belgrade; Servia; Bulgaria; Monte Negro; Adriatic Sea; Sophia; Greece; Athens; G. of Sidra; Benghazi; Alexandria; Pt. Said; Crete (Ty); Adalia; Smyrna; Turkey; Philippopolis; Bukharest; Roumania; Jassy; Rerditchef; Kharkof; Taganrog; Odessa; Sea of Azof; Stavropol; Caucasus Mts.; Batum; Trebizond; Erzerum; Angora; Aleppo; Konieh; Cyprus (Br.); Yafa; Jerusalem; Tigris R.; Bagdad; Erzerum; Caucasus Mts.; Guriev; Caspian Sea; Kungrad; Turkestan; Krasnovodsk; Askabad; Meshedo; Teheran; Tabriz; Rasht; Sehna; Persia; Basra; Yezd; Neh; Shiraz; Ban; Bushire; Lar; Persian Gulf; Oman; Riad; Jask; G. of Oman; Muskat; C. Elhadd; Moseirah Isl.; Turgai; Kasalinsk; Balkash Lake; Choo R.; Ni R.; Tashkend; Thian; Faizakend; Faizabad; Bokhara; Herat; Afghanistan; Kabul; Kandahar; Indus R.; Kelat; Baluchistan; Bela; G. of Cutch; Sergiopol; Di R.; Zaisan L.; Kuldja; Thian Stran Mts.; Tarim R.; Kashgar; Chinese Empire; Mt. Everest; Himalaya Mts.; Caspian Sea; Black Sea; India (British); Brinaku; Mandalay; Chitagong; Bhamo; Tonkin; Yunnan; Fungtze R.; Bay of Bengal; Kiangmaio; Rangoon; Bangkok; Siam; Bangkok; Mergui; Andaman Is.; Andaman; Is.; Nicobar Is.; Sungora; Penang; Gulf of Siam; Nicobar Is.; Andaman Is.; Mergui; G. of Martaban; Siam; Sungora; Acheon; Acheen; Hue; Knox Land; Knoxland Rudo Land; Wilkes Land; North Land; Northland; Adelie Land; Antartic; Antartic Ocean; Emp. Meter Isl.; Antarotic Circle; Roebourne; Asia; Pana; Ladrone Islands (Ger.); Saypan Guam (U.S.); Egoi Is.; Yap; Palaos Is. (Ger.); carolina Islands (Ger.); Micronesia; Melanesia; Ponapi Isl.;Indo China; Penang; Malay Pen; Hog I.; Hog I. (D); Pulo Nias; Sumatra (Dutch); China; Changsha; Queiyang; Fuchau; Canton; Nanchang; Amoy; Macao (Por.); G. of Tonkin; Hainan; China Sea; Kiungebau; Hongkong (Br.); Kwancharuwan (Br.); Cambodia; Palawan Isl.; Manlia; Mindoro Isl.; Maniln; Cambodia; C. Cambodia; Elopora; Elopota; Elupota; Gt. Natunas Isl.; Str. of Malacca; Kuching; Sawarak; N.; Brunei; Borneo (Br.); Borneo (Dutch); Banka Isl.; Singapore; Sanniun; Oshima; Shuri; Riu Kiu Is. (Japan); Formosa (Japan); Balingtang Channel; Apari; Luzon; Philippine Islands (U.S.); Samar Isl.; Mindanao; Mindanao; Jolo Sea; Jolo Isl.; Celebes Sea; Gilolo Isl.; Molucca Pass; Volcano Is.; Bonin Is. (Japan); Ladrone Islands (Ger.); Saypan; Guam (U.S.); Palaos Isl. (Ger.); Egous; Yap; Caroline Islands (Ger.); Micronesia; Melanesia; Marcus Isl.; Los Jardines Isl; Ponapi Isl; Greenwich Isl. (Ger.); Tropic of Cancer; Wake Isl. (U.S.); Marshall Is. (Ger.); Gilbert Is. (Br.); Howland Isl (Br.); Palmyra Isl. (Br.); Washington Isl (Br.); Fanning Isl. (Br.); Christmas Isl. (Br.); Equator; Gudalupe Isl.; Pt. Eugenia; Socorro Isl; Revillaggedo Is.; Manzanillo; Popocatepeti Vol.; Acapulco; Mexico; Tehuantepec; G. of Tehauntepec; Guatemala; Central America; San Salvador; Ponsear Bay; Fonseca Bay; Manzanillo; Snake Riv.; Carson; Mississippi R.; Minneapolis; Pierre; Managua; Vera Cruz; Tucazan; Belize; Honduras; Tegucigalpa; Nicarague; San Jose; Colon; Costa Rica; Yucatan; Grkater; Cuba; Mexico; Nassau; Goate Mala; Central America; Managua; Gonseca Bay; Panama; Galapagos Is.; Albemarle Panama; Gulf of Panama; Choco; Choco B.; Mompox; Cartagena; Marcaibo; Pt. Gallinas; Theresina; Caribbean Sea; Jamaica (Br.); Kingston; Antilles; Haiti; Colombia; Bogota; Begota; Venezuela; Caraeas; Popayan; Tolima; Venezuela; Orinoco R.; Trinidad (Br.); Grenada (Br.); Barbados Br.; S. Lucia (Br.); Martinique (Fr.); Dominica (Br.); Guadeloupe (Br.); Antiquaib; Antiguaib; Barbuda (Br.); Anguilla (Br.); Angwlla (Br.); S. Croix (Br.); Indies; Lesser Antilles; Cape Verde Is. (Port).; Georgetown; Paramariho; Paramaribo; Cayenne; Gulan (Dut.); Gulana (Dut) (Fr.); C. Orange; Mouth of the Amazon R.; Marajo Isl.; Para R.; Canary Isl. (Sp.); Palma; Ferro; Cape Blanco; St. Louis; Cape Verdes (Port.); C. Verde; Gambia (Br.); Bathurst (Br.); Bissagos Is. (Port.); Guinea (Pt.); Freetown; Monrovia; Guinea (Fr.); Atlantic Ocean; Terceira; S. Miguel; S. Maria; Madiera Isl. (Por.); Teneriffe; Tatta; El Abbas; Rio De Oro; Wadan; Sahara Desert; French Sudan; Arawan; Timbuktu; Medina; Senegal R.; Sierra Leone (Br.); Liberia; Coomassie; Segu Sikoro; Niger R.; C. Palmas; Bingerville; Akkra (BC.); Whydah; Fernando Po. I. (Sp.); Princes I. (Por.); Rhat; Tripoli (Turkey); Fezzan; Murzuk; L. Tchad; Northern Nigeria (Br.); Warno; Yakoba; Nigeria; Lagos; Lagos; Daaha; Togo; Togo (G.); Lagos; Br. Lagos; Guinea; Asaba; Nigeria; Kamerun (Ger.); Dahomey; Ashanti; Kanieria; Kamerun (Ger.); Kameria; Mobangi R.; Congo R.; El Fashero; El Fasher; Libyan Desert; New Dongola; Khartum; El Obied; Nile R.; Blue Nile R.; Sobai; Ladio; Wadelai; Stanley Falls; Cairo; Siout; Egypt; Esneh; Assouan; Korosko; Korosk; Tripoli (Turkey); Fezzan; Murzuk; Rhat; Libyan desert; Suakin; Berber; Eriteea; Eritrra (It.); Gondar; Berbern; G. of Aden; Medina; Mekka; Tripoli; Damascus; Rasht; Suez; Yembo; Leina; Hail; Red Sea; Abyssinia; Adis Abeba; Somali; Br. East Africa; Rudolf L.; Victoria; Nyanza; Mt. Kenia; Persian Gulf; Oman; Riad; Shiraz; Bushire; Lar; Jask; Ban; Bia; Coomfidah; Suna; Makallan; Kamar B.; Socotra (Brit.); C. Guardafui; Ras. Hafun; Mukhdisho; Brava; Braya; Ban; Kismayu; Kelta; Buluchistan; Indus R.; Bela; Haidarsbad; G. of Cutch; C. Elhadd; Kuria Muria Is. (Brit.); Arabian Sea; G. of Cambay; Bombay; New Goa (Pt.); Malie (Fr).; Mahe (Fr.); Haidarabad; Kuria Muria Is. (Brit.); Masulipatam; Laccadive Isl.; Simlo; Khotan; Serinogen; Lahore; Sergiopol; Tarim R.; Delhi; Hyderabad; Sir Daria R.; Aral Sea; Ardl Sea; Arab Sea; Amu R.; Zaisan L.; Kuldja Mts.; Strain; Nepal; Patna; Khatmando; Ganges R.; Ganges; Agra; Daman; India (British); Yanaon (Fr.); Bay of Bengal; Madras; Puducheri (Fr.); Karikal (Fr.); Ceylon Isl. (Brit); Colombo; Comorin; Calcutta; Nagpore; Batu Isl.; Siriu Isl. (Dut.); Bencooion; Bencoolen; Sunda Strait; Sunda Islands; Sumatra (Dutch); Indian Ocean; Banka Isl.; Batavia; Java Sea; Macassar; Floris Sea; Borneo (Dutch); Pasin; Pasil; Pasir; Mala; Sunda Islands; Indian Ocean; Surabaya; Java (Dut); Sumbawa Isl. (Dut); Sandal Wood Isl. (Dut); C. Preston; N.W. Cape; Steep Pt.; Roebourne; Northampton; Dongarra; Rornea (Dutch); Celbres; Celebes (Dutch); Ceram (D.); Molucca Pass; Boeroe I.; (D.); Banda Sea; Floris Isl. (Dut.); Fred Henry Isl.; Aroe Is.; Arafura Sea; Timor Isl. (Port); Bathurst Isl.; Cambridge G.; Kings Sound; Broome; Western Australia; Australia (British); Northern Territory; Palmerston; Normantown; Amadeus L.; South Australia; L. Torrens; Eyre L.; Admirality Isl. (Ger.); Bismarck; Arch.; Bismarck Arch.; New Guinea (Dutch); Kaiser (Ger.); Wilhelm Ld.; Terres Str.; Somerset; C. York; Gulf of Carpentaria; Gulf of Carpentera; Cooktown; Bowen; Boula; Queensland; Warwick; Darling R.; China Str.; New Mecklenburg Isl. (Ger.); Bougainville (Ger.); Choiseul; Sapel; New Britain (Ger.); N. Georgia (Br.); Malayta (Br.); Guadalcanar; Louisiade Arch. (Br.); S. Christoval; Lord Hove Isl. (Br.); Kermadec Is. (Br.); Victoria Land; Royal Co. Isl. (Brit.); Ladrone Islands (Ger.); Marcus Isl.; Los Jardines Isl.; Rat Is.; Wake Isl. (U.S.); Pacific Ocean; Rennell (B.); Espirtu Santo; Espir Tu Santo; Mallicollo; Huon Isl. (Fr.); Coral Sea; New Caledonia (Fr.); Rockhampton; Brisbane; Soloman Islands; Lagoon or Ellice (Br); Santa Cruz Isl. (Br.); New Hebrides (Fr. & Br.); Viti Levu; Vanua Levu; Loyalty Isl.; Norfolk Isl. (Br.); Phoenix Isl. (Br.): Union or Tokelau Is. (Br.); Jarvis Isl. (Brit.); Rocky; Heeale Strait; Cascade Range; Clipperton Isl. (Fr.); Magnetic Pole; Cockbury Land; Gulf of Boothia; Boothia; Pegent Inlet; Hayes Sound; Canada; Labrador (Dep. of Newpoundland); Baltimore; G. of Maracaibo; Curacao Isl. (Dut.); Andes; C. Finisterre; Str. of Gibraltar; Lindsay Isl.; Thompson Isl.; Bouvet Isl. (Brit.); Yakoba; Wasa; Orwa; Ural R.; Khaf; Kashan; Ispahan; South Pacific Ocean; Oceania; Polynesia; Uea (Fr.); Upolu Isl. (Ger.); Samoa Is.; Tutuila (U.S.); Savage Isl. (Br.); Fiji Is. (Br.); Tonga Is. (Br.); Tropic of Capricorn; Jarvis; Isl. (Brit.); Polynesia; Manihiki Group (Br.); Society Isl. (Fr.); Cook or Hervey Is. (Br.); Austral Is.; Marquesas Is. (Fr.); Tuamotu; Tahiti (Fr.); Archipelago (Fr.; Gambier Is. (Fr.); Pitcairn Isl.; (Br.); Easter Isl. (Br.); Galbemarle (Ecua.); Quito; Guayaqui; Ecuador; Chimburazo Vol.; Truxillo; Raita; Huard; Huara; Trinidad; Tolima L.; Manaos; Popayan; Quito; Chimborazo Vol.; Loja; Peru; Louis; Lima; Leo; Lea; Arequipa; Andes; L. Titicaca; Illiam; Iquique; Cobija; Coblja; Antofagasta; Mt. Llullailluco; St. Ambrose Isl. (Chile); Copiapo; St. Felix (Chile); La Serena; Jurua R.; Amazon River; Rio Negro; Purus River; Tirol; Villa Bella; Cuzod; Cuzog; Sorata; Bolivia; South America; Brazil; Suere; Saere; Potosi; Tarija; Farija; Salta; Asuncron; Tucuman; La Rioja; Villa Nova; Para; Santarem; Tapajos R.; R. Xingu R.; Carolina; Cuyaba; Goyaz; Tocantins R.; Diamantina; Paraguay; Asuncion; Corrientes; Curitiba; Itajaby; Desterro; Tiete R.; Ouro Preto; Quro Preto; Purana R.; St. Louiz de Maranhaeo; St. Louiz; de Maranhao; Parnahiba; Ceara; Fernando Noronba; Noronha; Natal; Pernai; Aracaju; Barra; Theresina; Palma; Bahia; Porto Seguro; Caravellas; Caravellss; Victoria; Rio de Jane; St. Paulo; Itajahy; Desterro; Trinidad; Trinidad Is. (Brazil); Ascension Isl. (Br.); Gulf of Guinea; St. Tomas; I.O. (Por.); Annobon I. (Sp.); Lopez; French Kongo; Leopoldville; Banana; Boma; Loanda; Benguela; Mossamede; C. Frio; Walfisch Bay (Br.); Angra Pequena; Angra Pequend; Orange R.; Port Nolloth; Kongo Ind State; Equatorville; Kageky; Congo R.; Tangangika; Tanganirika; L. Moero; L. L. Bangweolo; L. Bangwel; S. Salvador; Kabango; Port. West Africa; Sionia; Ger. S. W. Africa; Bloemfontein; Kimberley; Col; Orange Riv.; Johannesburg; Pretoria; Bechuana; Palapye; Limpop R.; Tranvaa; Tran Vaa; Uoc; Salisbury; Zambuzi; Rhodesia; Ruodesia; Nayanza; Kilimanjara; Kilimanjaro; German; East Africa; Tabora; Nyangve L.; Mt. Kenia; Kismayu; Brava; Witu; Mombasa; Pemba I. (Br.); Zanzibar (Br.); Bagamoyo; Quiloa; Aldabra Is.; Amirante Is. (Br.); L. Rovuma; C. Delgado; Comoro Is.; Mozambique; Quilimane; Chinde; Zombe; Tete; Port East Africa; Sofala; L. Nyussa; Buluway; Buluwayo; Rovuma R.; Mozambique Channel; Delagoa B.; Lourenco Marquez; Blstermaritzburg; Clatermaritburg; Durban; Madagascar (French); Seychelles Isl. (Br.); Farquhar Is.; C. Amber; Tamatave; Tunanarlvo; Tananarh; Mauritius Isl. (Br.); Reunion Islands (Fr.); Cargados Carayos Isl.; Mascarene; Rodriguez (Br.); Indian Ocean; Chagos Is. (Br.); Perth; Bunbury; C. Leeuwin; Albany; Williamsburg; Culvero; Culver; Port Eucla; Great Australian Bight; Australia; Port Augusta; Adelaide; Spencer L.; Kangaroo Isl.; Kingston; Portland; Port Phillip; Tasmania (British); New South Wales; Victoria; Melbourne; Cape Howe; Newcastle; Sydney; Bass Strait; Furneaux Group; Lauceston; Hobart; Lord Hove Isl. (Br.); Cape Providence; Stewart Isl.; Auckland; New Plymouth; Nelson; Hokitika; Christchurch; South Island; Invercargill; Dunedin; North Cape; North Island; East Cape; Auckland; New Playmouth; New Zealand (Brit.); Wellington; South Island; Invercargill; Dunedin; Napier; East Capel Kermadec Is. (Br.); Chathan Isl. (Br.); Bounty Is. (Brit.); South Pacific Ocean; Juan Fernandez Isl. (Chile); Mas-a-fuera Isl. (Chile); Valparaiso; Santiago; Curico; Concepcion; Lebu; Valdivia; Valdiva; Chiloe Isl.; Chonos; Archipelago; Taytao Pen.; Gulf of Penas; Wellington Isl.; San Juan; Cordoba; San Luis; Buenes Aires; La Plata; Bahia Blanca; Blanca B.; Rosario; Salto; Viedma; Gulf of San Matias; Rawson; Bay of St. George; Port Deseado; Andes; Hile; Mountains; Hile Mountains; Paraguay; Purana; Uruguay; Plata R.; C. Corrientes; Argentina; Uruguay; Plata R.; Porto Alegro; Rio Grance do Sul; Montevideo; C. Corrientes; Atlantic Ocean; Inaccessible Isl.; Tritan Da Cunah Isl.; Nightingale Isl. (Brit.); Gouch Isl (Br.); Cape Town; Care Colony (British); Cape of Good Hope; C. Agulhas; Georgetown; Port Elizabeth; East London; Port Natal; Pr. Edward Isl.; Marion (Brit.); Crozet Is. (Brit.); Kercuelen (Fr.); New Amsterdam; St. Paul (Fr.); Knoxland; Budoland; Northland; Adilieland; Royal Co. Isl. (Brit).; Wilkes Land; Victoria Land; Antarctic; Macquaire Isl. (Brit.); Emerald Isl. (Brit.); Auckland Isl. (Brit.); Campbell Isl. (Brit.); Antipodes or Greenwich Is. (Brit); Chathan Isl. (Brit); Bounty Is. (Brit.); Madre de Dios; Archipelago; Strait of Magellan; S. Inez Isl.; Hoste Isl.; Santa Cruz; Strait of Magellan; Tierra del Fuego; Staten Isl.; Cape Horn; South Shetland Is.; Elephant Isl.; Livingston Isl.; Smith Isl.; Bransfield Strait; Trinity Land; Palmer Land; Grahamland; Adelaide Isl.; Emp. Alexanderland; Falkland Sound; Falkland Is. (Brit.); Stanley; Coronation Isl.; Clarence Isl.; King George Isl.; Joinville Isl.; Louis Philippe Land; South Georgia (Br.); South Orkney Is.; Laurie Isl.; Sandwich Group; Lindsay Isl.; Thompson Isl.; Bouvet Isl. (Brit.); Enderby Land; Wemp Land; McDonald (Brit.); Heard; -
Dimensions Of fts ZgLrth. Cýýntries. Capitals. Area, Miles. Square- Mi' oquatorlal Diameter....................... 7,926,6 Earth's Axis................................ 7,909.6 Algeria Algiers 184,474 C Acumference at Equator................. 24,889.6 Argentina Buenos':Ayres 1., 3 19, 2 4)" A-reas of the) Earth. Australia..................Melbourne:2,946,691 Sq, Miles. Austria-Hungary............. Vienna:240,9414 Land Surface........................... 52158 Water Surface.........................:147:000:060660 Belgium..................... Brussels H,37ý' Bolivia La Paz 567,43( Total......... Oceans. Brazil Rio de Janeiro 3,268,8oc Sq. Miles. Sq. Milce. Bulgaria....................... Sofia 38,o8c Pacific...... 71,000,000 Antarctic....... 8,5oooco Canada, D ominion. of Ottawa 3fi53)94( Atlantic.. 35, 000.000 Arctic.......... 4,500,000 Clhile Santiago 2 0,82C Indian...... 28,000,000 China....... Pekin 43218,401 Principal Salt Lakes. Colombia Bogota 504,77": Lake or Sea. country. Area, Sq. M. Elev., Ft. Costa Rica San Jose CasplanSea..., *,,, Asia 180,000 84 below sea Cuba 23ý00( Sea of Aral..... -..Asia 26,300 26 above sea......... Havana 44)OOC Balkash........... Asia 12,500 700 Denthark Copenhagen Maracaibo...... So. Am. 8,000 130 15,28g Eyre.......... Australia 4,000 110, it 61 East Indies, Dutch..... Bavaria 73640C Titicaca........ So. Am. 3,8QO 12,F0 Ecuador....................... Quito 120500C Issik-kul........... Asia 2,466 5,300 Egypt...... Cairo Koko-nor.......... Asia 2,040 970........ 400)ON Van................ Asia 2,000 5,465 It F rance......................... Paris 20412IC Great Salt Lake.N. Am.' 1,875 4,200 Germany Urumiah.......... Asia 1,730 4,000 * - " * * ' ' ' * * 4... - - * Berlin 210327ý Dead Sea........... Asia 445 1. 312 b el ow s en Great Britain London 120,97c. Ngaml.......... Africa 350 3,700 above see Greece......... Athems 2& 15:2 Frincipal Freshwater Lakes. Guat.emala New GLiatemala 63,39y' Area, Elev. Lake or Sea. Country. Sq. M. ft. above Port' au Prince 101204 Sea Level zsuperlor................ N. Am. 32,000 62 7 Victoria Nyanza............ Af r. 26,500 S,800 Michigan................ N. Am. 23.000 600 0 1 2.120 3Longttude 135 East Huron.................. N. Am. 28,OOU 578 Tanganylka................ Afr. 15,000 2,750 Balkal...................... Asia 14,000 1,360 Great Bear............. N. Am. 14,000 250 L: _7= -.1=_ 7- 7--_-=-- Nyassa...................... Afr. 12,00 1,670 Tchad'......A-fr. 11,000 1 150 ------ Z 7 Great S ave............. N. Am. 10,800 400 7 7 Bangweolo................. Afr, 10,200 39690 -7-7 7 Winnipeg................ N Am. 8,1300 628 7: -_:_-CAýECKEQU6K1 N Erie..................... N. Am. 7,800 565 Lake of tho Woods...... N. AM. 7,650 Atýr a elts_. iff-Y -LAW Albert Nyanza........-Afr. 7,500 2,290 -7 Ladoga.................... Eur. 7,100 49 7. 7 Ontario................ N. Am. 6,900 232 -7 7. 7 -"N J, Athabaska................. N. Am. 4,600.... -ISL LTAKOF ' 11 -0 Nicaragua...... Am. 3,600 128 ----=-ý--`B1EL-kovA I ý-ý --.- T A. Onega.......... Eur. 3,380 237 kiv r ens: 61 -KOT LNOi........... -... Tungti \jc 2,340 200 N11 L.TaUltur Wenrer.................... Eur. 2,120 143 e. a Champlain -n. 500 Ai ip Dembea.................... Afr. ep 1,d60 '1ý5 0 Wetter.................... Eur. 840 288 papigaiskD 6. Us -knabark Managua................ N. Am. 430 156 01ene Balaton, (Platten Sea)..... Eur. 250 boo Geneva, (or Leman).......Eur. 240 11230 VP 718:L;Constance 1,283 Sa&ova (or Boden Sea).Eur. 228 Garda...................... Eur., 183 320 -$Q N Maggiore.._............-Eur. 152 678 Uluja 0 Irst Yans 115 1,437 7 George.................. N. Am. 110.... Cayuga.................. N. Am. 104 Lucerne.................... Eur. 99 1,430;Z) Seganka Zurich..................... Eur. 76 1,332 R, 4 -Uomo..................... Eur. 66 C84 Mich-ae ova K si, o i,, ',4-.%%rArctic o Longest Rivers. - -, _Zý_S Lengif Turishshk S arisk o '0V Names. Countries. Miles. 13 ýfq- ý,-. - Tunguska, B twzl Mississippi-Missouri... I.......... U. S. 4,2(k S R Nile............................. Egypt 3,50k OEJ'111itisk OV Amazon-Maranon.............Brazil 3.,270 Yangtze-Klang.... China 3ý200 Y ak A Kongo..................... Cen. Africa 3,034 Tabn A_ýi laia Ob........................ Rus. in Asia 2,700 o AlAi Roangho......................... China 2,600 Tena? 9M, _km 11-1-, ska Y3ýpv Lena...................... Rus. in Asia 2,5w 60 Niger....................... W. Africa 2,500 2rvitimsh I ýAP 911775ý1

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Page  79 I "OEM fl V N,-T I Surety on Bonds THOSE who are required to give SBonds in positions of trust, and w-ho desire to avoid asking friends to become their sureties, or who may wish to relieve friends from further obligations as bondsmnen, should apply in person or by letter to E. M. SCOFIELD, Agent TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN jimerican Surety go. of new York CAPITAL, $2,500,000 rfiMpilUbETS ON REQUEST Penn V lia HEALTH AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE POLICIES Pays for Eight Months Illness and Twenty-four Months Accident. Costs S$1.00 per Month, or Less than Four Cents per Day. No Red Tape about Claims. All are Adjusted and Paid by Our District Manager. E. M. SGOFIELD 329 SOUTH UNION STREET TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN Turnbull& Cook Livery, Sale and Feed Stable Horses Bought and Sold on Commission West State St., Opposite City Market Citizens Phone 309, Bell 264 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. Van Gorder & Linten Hardware, Mill Supplies and Logging Tools HARD AND SOFT COAL Sash and Doors and Builders' Findings All kinds of Farming Tools in car lots First class Harness Shop in connection KINGSLEY,.". MICH. Thos. T. Bates, Geo. G. Bates, President Vice-President J. W. Hannen, Clara N. Bates, Secretary Teeasurer gompany BOOK, CATALOGUE AND COMMERCIAL PRINTING GRAND TRAVERSE HERALD Weekly. Established 1858. THE EVENING RECORD Every Business Day. TRAVERSE CITY, - MICHIGAN Ae B. CURTIS Real Esiale Bought Sold and Evchanged Dixie; Germnania; Firemens; Ohio German; Guardian; Delaware; Williamsburg City; Pennsylvania Casualty Co.; German; North River; Agricultural; Queen City; National Union; Northwestern National; Glens Falls; Citizens; Fidelity. Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, Fire Insurance-Pronipt Service, Liberal Treatment. Citizens Phone 732 Bell Phone 126 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. John R. S anto GENERAL INSURANCE Citizens, Mo.. New York Underwriters; Niagara, N. Y.; Providence Washington; Commercial Union; Royal, England; Aachen and Munich, Ger; Atlas, Eng.; Western, Toronto; Equitable, F. and M.; Calumet, Illinois; Star, L.oulisville; Philadelphia Underwriters; FI minans Fund, Cal.; North British and Mercantile, Eng.; Insurance Co. of North America, Pa.; Scottishli Union and Na-ltonal, Edinburgh; British America; National, Hlartfor*; Phcenix, Hartford; PAlatine, England; Westchester, S. Y; Phoenix, England; United Fireman's; Philadelphia. WILHELIM TRAVERSE CITY BLOCK MICHIGAN. --.A-ANUFACTURER OF ROCK ELM SLEIGH RUNNERS, DOWEL AND MINE LADDER ROUNDS, CARRIAGES, WAGONS AND SLEIGHS. Bell Phone 83. Long Distance TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. Wo W. Brower GROCERIES PROVISIONS CROCKERY Glassware, Furniture, Undertaking, Musical Instruments, Photograph Supplies and Jewelry. FIFE LAKE, MICHIGAN GERMAINE BROTHERS SAltt rKlf PLAC"LIVE F The Gregory. i W. L.,GREGORY, Prop. All Modern Improvements Steam Heat and Baths Located on Banks of the Beautiful Fife Lake in Best Resort Region in Northern Michigan FIFE LAKE, MICHIGtAN Hiram L. LaBar, President James S. Hodges, Vice Pres. Leroy L. Maxam, Cashier.... THE CITIZENS' BANK (UNINCORPORATED') RESPONSIBILITY $100,000.00 BOARD OF MANAGERS James S. Hodg-es Hiram L. LaBar Giles E. Hodges Leroy L. Maxam Sanmuel F. Hodges FIFE LAKE,.'. MICHIGAN Importers of Fancy Drivers and Draft Horses CITY OPEN DAY HACK D AND LINE NIGHT TELEPHONE No. 79 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. WM. LOUDON, President. CHAS. WILHELM, Vice-President. A. V. FRIEDRICH, Secretary. S. GARLAND, Treasurer. Boardman River Electric Light and Power Company TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. B. A. Howard, Pres. J. 0. Packard, Sec. Boward-Packard Land CompanY Improved Farms, Unimproved Lands, Timber Lands, Business Propositions and Cty Property HEADQUARTERS Rooms 19-28 Webber-McMullen Blk. CADILLAC, MICH.., Branch Offices: Lake City. Mich., McBain, Mich., Tustin, Mich., Manton, Mich., Kalkaska, Mich. Citizen-'s Phlione No. 340 W. E. Williamnis, L. H, De Zoete, President Sec'y-Treas. W.-E. Williams Co. MANUFACTURERS OF SMlaple Flooring - Plain Oak Flooring ~ Beech Flooring, Dark and White SBeech Flooring, ALL RED ~ Maple Flooring Ornamental - Maple Flooring Flooring B co ing 14 Maple Flooring TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. A. W. Rickerd DEALER IN HIGH GRADE MONUMENTS MARKERS & HEADSTONES CUT STONE FURNISHED TO ORDER--PNEUMIATIC TOOLS AND LATEST IMPROVED MACHINERY OFFICE AND WVORKS 321 BAY STREET CITIZENS PHONE NO 660 Traverse City, -:- Michigan QUEEN CITY IMPLEMENT CO. L 0. RICE, - - MIANAGER ac/h in ery, Imp le men etns, Buggies, Harness, a n d Farmners' Sutpplies of All Kiniis. The Grand Traverse Land & Loan Co,. Office Ov.r First Nat'l Bank Francis Thurtell, General Mgr. TRAVERSE CITY MICH. FRUIT FARMS, TIMBER LANDS, BAY FRONTS, INVESTMENTS, RENTS COLLECTED FARMS, CITY PROPERTY RESORf SITES, MANUFACTORIES, REAL ESTATE LOANS:::: REFERENCE-: First Natioral Bank, Travers City State Bank, Peoples Savings Bank I jo So HODGES- William H. Eckler General Hardware Farming Implements Buggies, Wagons, Harness Guns, Fishing Tackle Lime, Brick, Cement Paints, Oils, Varnish Windows and Doors Pianos, Organs Sewing Machines FIFE LAKE, MICHIGAN Fire Insurance and Real Estate Money to Loan on Farm Property-Rents Collected Office over the American Express Co.'s Office. No. 143 East Front St. CITIZENS PHONE 443 TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN E.H. ALLYN HOUSES AND LOTS FOR CASH, TRADE OR PAYMENT; VACANT LOTS; FARMS FOR FRUIT OR GENERAL, USE; BUST- 4 G NESS CHANCES; SURVEYS MADE; PLATS, MAPS AND GENERAL ENGINEFRING....... CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED CITIZENS PHONE 526 Traverse City, Michigan Farmers Supl Company Wholesale and Retail Dealers In Implements, Farm Machinery, Carriages, Robes, Whips, Blankets, Fur Coats, Gasoline Engines and Our Own Make Hiarness....XW& Oar Motto: OQuality and a Square Deal 127-135 STATE STREET BOTH PHONES TRAVERSE CITY,: MICHIGAN Peoples Savings Bank CASH CAPITAL )60,000.00 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. ABankc for the People Our Capital Stock is held by forty shareholders, all residents of Grand Traverse region, and our Directors are among the leading businiiess men of Traverse City and vicinity. ~Interest allowed on deposits, loans made, notes bought, safety deposit boxes for rent. ~Modern, high-class, burglarproof safe; steel lined vault. ~Every accommodation and courtesy consistent with sound banking is extended our customers. ~Banking in all branches. WM. HOOLIHAN CO. Carriages, Wagons, Implements, Robes, Blankets Whips, Shelf Hardware, Gasoline Engines, Etc. MANUFACTURERS OF HARNESS Bell Phone 188 Citizens Phone 99 135 STATE STREET TRAVERSE CITY,: MICHIGAN 128 Front St. Citizens Phone 751 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. TRAVERSE CITY MILLING CO. ---MANUFACTURERS OF-- IDEAL PRODUCTS LADS OR LESS Travers City, Mich. We Manufacture and Sell Spring Wheat Flour, Blended Spring and Winter Flour, Whole Wheat Flour, Graham Flour, Rye Flour, Buckwheat Flour, Yellow Granulated Meal, Feed, Bran, Middlings, Hay and Straw. Poultry and Dairy Food a Specialty. Buyers of All Kinds of Grain, Beans, Hay and Straw. ESTABLISHED 1883 Oval Wood Dish Co. IMANUFACTURERS Oval Wood Dishes 0. W. D. Wire End Dishes 0. W. D. Clothes Pins Lumber H. S. Hull, President J. M. Longnecker, Sec. & Treas. A. L. Flack, Gen'l Agent W. C. Hull, V-Prest. & Gen'l Mtgr. F. M. Longnecker, Asst. Sec. & Mgr. Sales Riley Sweers, Sales Agent OFFICE AND FACTORY TRAVERSE CITY, MICH., U.'S. A. I Meet All Evening Flyers at Walton First Class Turnouts for All Purposes -TM E-- Hodges Livery Barn and Feed Stable When in Town and in Need of a Rig Call On Me Or leave orders at City Hotel G. B. DOHERTY, Proprietor FIFE LAKE, -:- MICH. Waiter N. Kelley, P esid',nr W. L. 1len itt, Vice-President W. P. Orotser, Secretary W. W. P.rr, Treas. a dc M'ng'r. SOUTH SIDE LUMBER CO. Manufacturers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Doors, Windows, Mouldings and Box Shooks.... Office and Yards, 515 Lake Avenue Telephones, Bell, 390; Citizens, 308 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. J. H. MIONROE" GEO. W. MIC WETHY Gtueral Insi$raice Real Estate mtoisvi to Eoau 311 WILHELIMi BLOCK TRAVERSE CITY,: MICH. A. B. Stiinson, P.M....DEALER IN... Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Stationery, Fiour, Salt, Etc. SHIPPER OF POTATOES, BUTTER, EGGS Citizens Telephonei Exchange KINGSLEY, MICHIGAN THE NE Clothiers and Furnishers Our Clothes Fit; Our Prices Fit the. Clothes. If We Satisfy, Tell Everybody; If We Don't, Tell Us QMNttV?~& EirLt OFFICERS: A. Tracy Lay, President. R. Floyd Clinch, Vice President. Samuel Garland, Cashier. A. J. Haviland, Ass't Cashier. A. J. Maynard. Ass't Cashier. DIRECTORS: A. Tracy- Lay Samuel Garland R. Floyd Clinch Elsie R H-Iannah H. C. Davis Jerry Sullivan W.. W. Smith GENERAL COMMERCIAL AND SAVINGS BUSINESS Traverse City, - Michigan A. S. HOBART R. R. HOBART A. V. HOBART Largest Stock in Northern Michigan Established 1881 'THE OLD RELIABLE" City Book Store Wholesale and Retail Dealers THIE HOBART Co., Props. Books, Stationery, Wall Paper, Curtains, School Supplies, Crockery, Fine China, Lamps, Sporting Goods, Picture Frames STORES AT TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. AND GRAND RAPIDS, MICH. Sherman & Hunter TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. PURVIS & CO. LIVERY, FEED SAND SALE STABLE Hack Calls Promptly Attended 120 STATE STREET WEST (NEAR UNION) Citizens Plione 281--Bell Phone 218 European fiorse ý'otel. henry Brodbagen, Prop. -- Special attention giv'en-to furnishing Rigs for Resorters, Picnic Parties and Funerals with or without drivers. Yeed and ~ii'ery Business Conducted Hack Calls a Specialty Prices Reasonable Your Patronage Solicited STATE STREET, NEAR UNION BOTH PlHONES 160 [Successors to Floyd L. Smith]] General Builders...AND... Real Estate Dealers HOUSES FOR SALE ON MONTHLY PAYMENTS Office, Cor. Lake Ave. and Tenth St. Traverse City, Mich. Citizens Phone 32. Bell Phone 169 I TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. TRAVERSE CITY,:MICH. I I I I. IN

Page  80 !1E MINIgm R. CASE J. 0. CROTSSR Established 1881 MANUFACTURERS OF Hagrsdwoodc \.e umber 'Kingslev, Mich* ALFRED V. FRIEDRICI Seller of Good Shoes Traverse City, - Michigan IT PAYS TO TRADE AT "The Store That Saves You Money" MICHIGAN PHONE 164 DEALERS IN ravePress Traverse City. Gir~ceriese Provisions, Flour, Salt and Smoked Meats... Traverse City, -:- Michigan S. U. WAIT E. W, WAIT C. R. WAIT So E. WAIT & SONS Druggi"sts Cor. Front and Union Sts. MASONIC BLOCK Traverse City, Miche WellsmHiginann MANTUFACTURERS OF STAVE SPLINTBaskets TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. MAN, UFACTier 4 Son MANUVACTURFRS Or, Turned Chair Stock WESLEY DUNN -DEALER IN Gro ce rl*e s., Camp Supplies and Hard Wood Lumber Kingsley, - - Mich. W. N. KELLEY, President W. L. DEWITT, Vice President W. P. CROTSER, Secretary 0. R. BECKER, Theasurer KELLE "y Lualmber & Shinlg~le Co. MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS Lumber, Lath and Shingles Cedar Products TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. The Hannah & Lay1 Cy Mercantile Co. universal Providers, TRAVERSE CITY MICHIGAN Hlamfilton Clothngl "Co. Men'.s and Boys' Clothing Hats, Caps Furnishing. -Goods Traverse City, - Michigan Do L.. ENSIGN DEALER IN Gienera'I Merchandi'se Largest shipper of eggs in Northern Michigan CITIZENS PHONE NO. 23 Kingsley, - Michigan A.'B. HACKMAN MANAGER Implements General Merchandise Kingsley, - Michigan FIRST Groceries...and... r uriniture CITIZENS PHONE No, 55 KINGSLEY, MICH. C. H. Bugbee Drug Co., Ltd, Tiavty D y, tioh Traverse' City, Mich. Park -1 4APlace o e -R T1S1NO ýý EACT ION BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER REPAIRING OF ALL KINDS Fife Lake, Mich. CL0. CARVER A bstractor.. LADIES' LIBRARY BUILDING Traverse City, - - Micho Citizens Phone 105 EDWIN S. PRATT FRED H, PRATT HARRY C. A Dvis PRATT & DAVIS Traverse City, flich. Citizens Phone 455 Bell Phlone 18 THoS. SMURTHWAITE CURTIS D. AxWAY Attorfleys anld Counselors at Law Commercial Department MARKHAM BLOCK TRAVERSE CITY, - MICH. MANAGER TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. Amil F. Nerlhiner LAWYER ROOM 212 STATE BANK BUILDING PHONE 696 Traverse City, Michigan LAWYER' ROOM 405 New Wilhelm Block Traverse City, - Mich, -AND10-Vi 0 0 Traverse City, Michigan Lumber and All Kinds of Building Material Traverse City Manufacturinig Co. W. L. BROWN, MANAGER OFFICE AND FACTORY Cor. Lake Ave. and Tenth St. TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. Go A. BRIGHAM Village Plat Timber and Farms.... Produce X Grain BUCKLEY, MICH. 325 SOUTH UNION ST. Citizens Phone 208 TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. and Traverse City Michigan WHI FINS Rock F Trt 402! Circuit C Trav< Hot R41 Specia Heated Rooms TE ROCKERS and SHED CHAIR SEATS Unm Dowels and Curtain Poles and Fixtures averse City, Micdi We Curtis P,,ioneer.Livery S'table TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIUAN mbstracts of 4fit its.T'ae Batik of Kimgsley UNINCORPORATED D. H. POWER, Proprietor E. C. VAN DE WALKER, Cashier Kingsley, Michigan Citizens Phone 32 Bell Phone 169 v. W. Reynolds &Sop, DEALERS IN FRESH AND SALT MEATS GRAWN, MICHIGAN. E0 Pa.QUACKENBUSH DEALER IN FGroceries FIFE LAKE, MICH. M. W. UNDERWOOD WM. H. UMILOR State Bank Building -ourt Commissioner... ý Underwood & UMIOr 1 N AT. 10 N A L Attorneys at Law OFFICE: Rooms 1, 2 and 3 Sutherland Block TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. Citizens Phone 74 T CANK Traverse City, Miche GEORGE CARNS DEALER IN Heavy anld Shelf H A.R.DWA RE Paints, Oils, Harness, and Harness Repairs ELK RAPIDS, MICH...Justice of the Peace erse City, Michigan SUITE 210 STATE BANK BUILDING Traverse City, Mich. e B. DeFRANCE PROPRIETOR I 1 Attention Given to Traveling Men KINGSLEY, MICHiGAN

Page  81 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIFRECTORY OF Or.ur)ct Trovc>rý3uoooo"' CU I ity AAIC ly EXPLANATION.-The date following a name indicates the length of time the party has been a resident in the cc for Section; T. for Township; P. 0. for Post-office address. When no Section Number or Township is given, it will be underst< of the village or city named, and, in such cases, the post-office address is the same as the place of residence, unless otherwise stated )unty. The abbreviations are as follows: S.o God that the party resides within the limits Adams, Earl D., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 18, T. Peninsula, P. O. Traverse City. 1881. Ainsley, L. E., Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1859. Albertson, Dan. J., President, Manistee River Power Co., Traverse City. Albright, A. J., Farmer, S. 23, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1872. Alcook, Geo., Farmer, S. 8, T. Union, P. 0. Mayfield. 1901. Allyn, E. H., Real Estate, Surveying and General Engineering, Traverse City. Anderson, John, Supervisor of Green Lake Twp., S. 13, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Monroe Center. 1884. Mr. Anderson was born in Norway in 1871 and was married to' Josephine Anderson. To this union were born two children, Axel J. and Elida. After the death of his wife, Mr. Anderson left Norway and came to the U. S., where he was married to Christina Swanson. Mr. Anderson held the offie of Clerk and Treasurer of Green Lake Twp. Anstette, Geo., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 14, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1899. Antony, F., Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1883. Mr. Anthony holds the office of Highway Commissioner since 1904. Anyer, WV. I., Farmer, S 35, T. Grant, P. 0. Wexford, 1890. Mr. Anyer was born in New York in 1861 and is married to Dora Ward. They have four children, Lou, Hazel, Mildred and Virginia. Arnold, Geo. W., Farmer, Stockraiser and Breeder of Berkshire Hogs, S. 31, T. Acme, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1870. Arnald, Wmn., Farmer and Raiser of Holstein and Short Horn Cattle, S. 9, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1890. Avery, Noham, Farmer, S. 8, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1855. Avers, Win., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 10, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission, Box 56. 1853. Bacon, Mait, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 31, T. Acme, P. 0. Bates. 1890. Bailey, H. C., Farmer Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 31, T. Acme, P. -0. Elk Rapids, 1882. Baird, Wallis M., Farmer, S. 5, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1876. Mr. Baird was born in New York in 1852 and was married to Cornelia Story to which union were born six children, Muril E., Thomas, Wallie M., Norenne, Chester and Burt. In 1904 his wife died and in 1907 Mr. Baird married Miss Hattie Newstead. Mr. Baird's property is known as Bay View. Baker, Leonard, Farmer and Raiser of Jersey Cattle, S. 11, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1878. Baldwin, M. D, Farmer, S. 9, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1889. Bancraft, G. _V., Farmer, S. 1, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley..1880. Bank of Kingsley, General Banking, D. H. Power, Proprietor; E. C. Van De Walker, Cashier; Kingsley. Barnard, E. E., Farmer, S. 36, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Monroe Center. 1903. Mr. Barnard was born in Vermont in 1862 and is married to Fannie Pike. Barnes, P., Fruit Grower and Proprietor of Rose Bud Fruit Farm, S. 17, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1904. Barney, Robert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1880. Mr. Barney is proprietor of "Orchard Lawn Farm." Barranek, Win., Farmer, S. 26, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1904. Mr. Barranek was born in Germany in 1861, is married to SMary Stepale and they have five children, namely Anton, Casmire, Rosa, Blanch and Sadie. Mr. Barranek's property is known as the Lake Side Farm. Barrett, A. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1867. Barrett, Charles H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 30, T. Paradise, P. 1. Summit City. 1867. Bartholomew, E. V., Farmer, S. 4, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1878. Mr. Bartholomew was born in Michigan in 1853,. is married to Verona Umlor and they have four children, Ethel,' verona, Grace and-Ralph. Mr. Bartholomew's property is known as Rose View Farm. Bauer, Joseph, Farmer, S. 4, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley-. 1903. Mr. Bauer was born in Germany in 1872 and is married to' Theresa Best. They have six children, Louisa, Joseph, Theresa, Mary, Bernhard and Fred. Mr. Bauer's property is known as Gardendale Farm. Baynton, A., Farmer, S. 30, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1870. Baynton, J. R, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 31, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1870. Baynton, Perry, Farmer, S. 21, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr; Baynton was born in Grand Traverse County in 1878. Beck, John, Farmer, S. 3, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1886. Beitner, Wm. & Son, Manufactures of ruined Chair Stock, White Rockers and Finished Chair Seats, Rock Elm Dowels, Curtain Poles and Fixtures, Traverse City. Bennett, Caleb, Farmer, S. 4, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1863. Bennett, Ezra, Farmer, S. 33, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1864. Mr. Bennett was born in 1860 and is married to Effie Bigger. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett are the parents of three children, Ray, Roy and Wilbur. Bennett, John, Farmer, S. 24, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1900. Benson, B. A., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 32, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1891. Benson, 0. J., Farmer, Fruit Grower, Carpenter and Contractor, S. 33, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1883. Benton, W. C., Livery Stable, Traverse City. 1894. Bickler, N., Farmer, S. 26, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1880. Biddlecome, D. H., Farmer and Proprietor.of Saw and Feed Mill, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1871. Black, Edwin, Dairy Earmer, S. 30, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1862. Blodgett, D. M., Farmer and Dairyman, S. 27, T. WVhitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1892. Mr. Blodgett was born in New York in 1866 and is married to Cathleen Bucham. They have two children, Lucy and Neva. Blue, Maynard, Proprietor of Walton Inn, Walton Junction. Boardman River Electric Light and Power Company, Win. London, Pres. Chas. Wilhelm, Vice Pres., A. V. Friedrich, Sec'y., S. Garland Treasurer, Traverse City. Bohlender, John, Farmer, S. 4, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1890. Bohrer, Frank, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 24, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1885. Bohrer, John, Farmer, S. 2, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse -City. 1884. Mr. Bohrer was born in Switzerland in 1872 and is married to Ida Eickey. They have one child named Edyth. Bohrer, Louis, Farmer, Frnit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. East Bay P. 0. Traverse City. 1883. Bosky, Wm., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 19, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1883. Bosner, G., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 19, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1902. Bova, John, Farmer, D. 14, T. Garfield. P. 0. Traverse City. 1895. Box, Charles E., Dealers in Groceries and Furniture, Kingsley. Brackett, L. H., Farmer, S. 36, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1858. Bracebridge, W. E., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1877. Mr. Bracebridge was born in Michigan in 1877 and married Mabel C. Davis. They have two children, Della M. and Alice M. Bracebridge, Wim. G., Farmer, S. 28, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1865. Mr. Bracebridge was born in Michigan in 1863 and is married to Mary Larson. Brakel, Wm., Farmer, S. 5, '1T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1848. Mr. Brakel was born in Germany in 1837 and is married to Anna C. Mintor. Mr. and Mrs. Brakel are the parents of seven children, Tracy, Frank, Catharine, William I., Clara, Ida and Fred., Brakel, John, Farmer, S. 5, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1869. Mr. Brakel was born in Michigan in 1869. Brayton, Fred, Farmer and Proprietor of Bass Lake Resort, S. 36, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1891. Mr. Brayton was born in New York in 1852 anfd is married to Ellen Durham. Bridgeman, R. C., Farmer, S. 26, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1906. Briel,-WmV., Farmer and Stockraiser. S. 5, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1877. Brigham, G. A., Dealer in Lumber, Farms, Produce and Grain, Buckley. Brimmer, Frank D.,''Farmer and FruitGrower, S. 16, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1880. Brinkman, E. J., Fruit Grower, S. 26, T, Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1859. Broadway, E. G., Farmer, S. 14, T. Grant, P. 0. Buckley. 1868. Mr. Broadway was born in Michigan in 1868 and is married to Eva Robertson. Alma N. and Clifford are the two children of Mr. and Mrs. Broadway. Broadway, 0. J., Farmer, S. 22, T. Grant, P. 0. Buckley. 1873. Mr. Broadway was born in Michigan in 1873 and is married to Elda Davis. Brodhagen, Henry, Livery and Feed Stable, Traverse City. Brower, WV. W., Dealer in General Merchandise, Fife Lake. Brown, F. E, Grand Traverse County Treasurer, Travecrse City. Brown, Walter, Farmer, S. 6, T. Fife.Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1869. Browne, F. I., Fruit Grower, S. 9, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1901. Brownson, J. J., M. D., Physician, Kingsley. 1877. Dr. Brownson is a native of Grand Traverse County. Brust, A. G., Dealer in General Merchandise and Postmister, Monroe Center. Mr. Brust was born in Michigan in 1869 and is married to Elizabeth Sparling. Three children, Bessie C., Jessie B. and Peter Edwin were born to this union. Bryant, A. B., Farmer, S. 19, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1898. Bube, Oscar, Farmer, S. 28, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Elk Rapids. Mr. Bube was born in Michigan in 1862 and is married to Cora Woodroff. Bugbee, C. A. Drug Co., Dealers in Drugs, Medical Supplies and Toilet Articles, Traverse City. Bunce, Dr. C. W., Physician and Surgeon, Williamsburg. Burkholder, J. K., Farmer, S. 1, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1889. Campbell, D. R., Farmer, S. 7, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1873. Mr. Campbell was born in Michigan in 1873. His property is known as the Silver Dale Farm. Campbell, Julius Co., Dealers in Hardware, Furniture, Sporting Goods and General Housefurnishing Articles, Traverse City. Campbell, W. F. and L. A., Commission Men for Cider and Byproducts Manufacturers, Plant and Warehouses, Grawn. Campeau, A., Dairy Farmer and Breeder of Durham Cattle, City Office 730 So. Union Street, Traverse City. 1865. Canute, Chas. E., Farmer, S. 22, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1870 Air. Canute was born in New York in 1864 and married Electa Drake. They have six children, Bula, Clyde, Margie, Mable, Clare and Carrie. Mr. Canute is agent for the Leonard Seed Co., of Chicago. His property is known as the Walnut Farm. Carlile, E. H., Farmer and Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle, S. 7 T. Acme, p. 0. Elk Rapids.* 1879. ' Carlisle, H. E., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 29,, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1878. Camrns, George, Dealer in Heavy and Shelf Hardware, Paints Oils, Harness Repairs, Elk Rapids. Carothers, Oliver, Farmer, S. 1, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1872; Carpenter, H. D., Farmer, S. 5, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1870, Carris, F. C., Farmer, S. 11, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1898. Mr. Carris was born in Kansas in 1871 and married Bertha L. Langdon, They have one child named Lela. Carroll, Laurence, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 34, T. Peninsula, P. 0 Traverse City. 1864. Carroll, Will, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 34, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Trawverse City. 1880. Mr. Carroll is a native of Grand Traverse County.', Carver, C. 0., Abstactor, Ladies' Library Building, Traverse City. Case, Earl J., Wholesale Dealer in Lumber, Kingsley. 1881. Case, Oren S., Farmer, S. 17, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1890. Case & Crotser, Manufacturers of Hardwood Lumber, Kingsley. Cell, WmI., Farmer, S. 4, T. East Bay, P. 9. Traverse City. 1906. Champion, E. E., Farmer, S. 21, T. Grant,' P. 0. Nessen City. 1890. Mr. Champion was born in Ohio in 1862 and is married to Elizabeth Gilroy. Mr. and Mrs Chanipion have four children, Harold J., Donald B., Annie WV., and Dale A. Mr. Champion.is holding the* office of Supervisor,. and is proprietor of Pleasant View Farm. Champney, G. L., Farmer and Stockraiser and Breeder of Berkshire HO-gs, S. 26, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1887. Christopher, Jess, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 15, T. Peninsula, P 0. Old Mission. 1863. Mr. Christopher was born in 1863 and is a native of Grand Traverse County. Christopher, WV. F., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 11, T. Peninsula P. 0 Old Mission. 1855. ' Citizens' Bank, General Banking, Hiram H. LaBar, President James S, Hodges, Vice President, Leroy L. Maxam, Cashier, Fife Lake. Clark, A. T., Farmer, S. 26, T. Union, P. O. Fife Lake. 1882. Mr. Clark is serving as Treasurer of Union Township. Clark, G. L., Farmer, S. 26, T. Blair, P. 0. Kingsley. 1883. Mr. Blair was.born in Canada in 1854 and is married to Arnrontha Bailey,. They have two children., Nettie and Mary I. Claypool, Hiram, Farmer, S. 6, T. Acme, P. 0. Bates. 1893 Clendenen, Lewis, Farmer, S. 8, T. Union, P. 0. Mayfield. 1903. Cleveland,' L. K., Insurance and Real Estate Office, Traverse City. Mr, Cleveland is a Civil War Veteran having served in Companmy K. of the 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment, and in Battery D. of the 1st Rhode Island Heavv Artillery. Clough, J. 0., Farmer, S. 18, T. Blair, P. O. Grawn. 1885. Mr Clough was born in Indiana in 1866 and is married to Rebecca J. Harr. Mr. and Mrs. Clough have five children, Alta L., Allen L., Francis L.., Floyd WV. and Mariou E. Collins, Ira J., Farmer, S. 3, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse C ty. 1906, Combs, T. D., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 28, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1884. Connine, J. R., Dealer in General Merchandise, Traverse City. Conover, D. H., Dealer in Timber Lands and Lumber, Interlochen. Cook, C. W., Farmer, S. 11, T. Whitewater, P 0. Williamsburg.- 1885, Mr. Cook was born in 1868 in Michigan. and is mmarried to Jennie Ralph. His property is known as the Maple Hurst Farm. Cooledge, Chas., Farmer and Fruit Grower, 5. 33, T. Peninsula P.. G0 Traverse City. 1906. ' ' Cooper, W. D., Farmer, Stockraiser and Fruit Grower, S. 30, T. Garfield P. 0. Traverse City. 1881. Corning, Irvine, Farmer, S. 32, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Buckley. 1871. Mr.. Corning was born in Michigan in 1864 and is married to Ella A. Pringle. They have six children, Floyd, Elsie, Georgia Gracy, Gurt and Manny. Cotton; Frank, Far~mer and Saw Mill Operator, S. 33, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. Mr. Cotton was born in Pennsylvania in 1850 and is married to Edith Felt to which union were born four children, Charles, Flora, Harry and Elmer. The fourth child, Elmer, died at the age of seven years. - Courtade, Albert, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 29, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Courtade is a native of Grand Traverse County, and was born in 1874. Courtade, John N., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. East Bay;- P. 0. Traverse City. 1868. Cox, John R., Farmer, S. 11, T. Long Lake, P. 0.' Traverse City. 1883, Mr. Cox was born in Indiana in 1850 and is married to Tamer A. Kenworth to which union were born ten children, Elsworth, Levi,

Page  82 ,82 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Alma, Rettie (who died at the age of 24 years) Hebsey, Jane, Hermon, Emma, Linnie and William Willard (who died in his infancy.) Mr. Cox's property is known as the Gardendale Farm. Cox, Upsall, Farmer, S. 25, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1875. Mr. Cox was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and is married to Fannie McKinzie. They have four children, Edward, Henry, Joseph and Lewis. Mr. Cox's property is known as the Lakeside Farm. *Cox, Win., Farmer and Lumberman, S. 1, T. Grant, P. 0. Monroe Center. Mr. Cox was born in Michigan in 1866 and was married to Anna Holl and to which union were born two children, Frank and Albert. After the death of his wife Mr. Cox married Gusta Ross and to this union were born three children, Maggie, Ella and Dolly.,Crain, R. R., Faimer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1861. tCrandall, J. M., Proprietor of Saw, Shingle and Planing Mills, S. 3, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 'Crandall, D. E. & Son, Dealers in General Merchandise and Lumber and Manufacturers of Shingles, Lath, etc. Grawn. 'Crane, M. D., Merchant and Post Master, Walton. 1901. 'Crisp, A. H., Farmer, S. 6, T. Acme, P. 0. Bates. 1883.,Crisp, Geo. L., Farmer, S. 4, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1872. Mr. Crisp was born in Michigan, Grand Traverse County in 1872 and was married to Nettie Ernst, to which union were born two children, Ferris and John. After the death of his wife in 1898, Mr. Crisp married Edna Graham in 1900 to which second union was born one child, named Josephine. Mr. Crisp's property is know as "Rest a While Farm." He is serving as County School Commissioner.,Crotser, J. 0., (Case & Crotser) Manufacturer of Hardwood Lumber, Kingsley. Curtis, A. B., Real Estate and Insurance, Traverse City. He is holding the office of Justice of the Peace. Curtis, G. W., Lawyer, Circuit Court Commissioner, Tustice of the Peace, 402 State Bank Building, Traverse City.,Curtis, Josiah, Farmer, S. 9, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Elk Rapids. Mr. Curtis was born in Michigan in 1841 and was married to Josephine O'Brian, to which union were born two children, William and Maud. After the death of his wife he married Ina Square. His property is known as the "Weeping Willow Farm." Dana, Harry V., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1877. Mr. Dana is a native of Grand Traverse County. Davis, H. E., Farmer, S. 4, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1873. Davis, H. R., Farmer, S. 5, T. Fife Lake, P.O. Kingsley. Mr. Davis is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born in 1874. -Darrow, S. C., Supervisor of the Second Ward, Traverse City. Darrow, S. C. & Sons, Dealers in Fancy and Staple Groceries, Provisions, Flour, Salt and Smoked Meats, Traverse City.;Dawson, J. H., Farmer, S. 7, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1866. 'Dean, Chas. E., Farmer, S. 36, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1903. -De France, R. B., Proprietor, Hotel De France, Kingslev. DeGraw, G. E., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 22, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1864. City Address 903 Cass Street, Traverse City. Delmont, S. G., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1860. Dewey, WV. A., Farmer and Fruit Grower and Breeder of Red Poll Cattle, S. 26, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1870. Dewey, Castina, Farming, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1873. Dewney, Mrs. C., Farming, S. 10, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1880. Dickison, John, Farmer, S. 29, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1893. Dixon, W. H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Grant, P. 0 Nessen City. 1866. Mr. Dixon was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1861 and is married to Carrie Canute. They have two children, Vera and William B.:Doherty, G. B., Hodges Livery Barn and Feed Stable, Fife Lake. Dohm, Henry, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 10, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1875. Mr. Dohm is a native of Grand Traverse County. Domine, Gus. G., Farmer, S. 20, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Donkers, Henry, Farmer, S. 20, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Buckley. 1887. Mr. Donkers was born in Germany in 1840 and is married to Margarete Brendjen. They haveone child named John.:Douglas, George B., Farmer, S. 21, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1883..Dowd, Harry, Farmer and Threshing Machine Operator, S. 1, T. Grant, P. 0. Monroe Center.' 1888. Mr. Dowd was born in New York in 1870 and is married to Vida Swainston. Mr, Dowd.is proprietor of Maple Grove Farm. Dreves, Joe, Farmer, S. 8, T. East Bay, P. 0 Traverse City. 1896. Dunn, Frank E., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 19, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1855. Dunn, Wesley, Dealer in Groceries; Camp Supplies and Hard Wood Lumber, Kingsley. Duryea, E. E., Farmer, S. 13, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City., 1873. Mr. Duryea was born in New York in 1864 and is married to Mattie Hill. They have two children, Hazel F. and Nila F,. Mr. Duryea's property is known as the Crystal Lake Farm. He has served as County Supervisor for nine years. Eagle Press, E. E. White, Manager, Publishers, Traverse City. Eckler, Win. H., Fire insurance and Real Estate, 143 East Front Street Traverse City. Eddy, Caros, Farmer, S. 28, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1907:Edgecomnib, Frank, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Raiser of White Plymouth Rock Poultry, S. 22, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1880. Edwards, W. H., Farmer, S. 16, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1885. Eggli, Fred Jr., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1876. Eiman, D. B., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 10, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1877. Eldred, Wm., Farmer, S. 5, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1879.,Eldridge, J. F., Farmer, S. 36, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1906. Electric Land and Development Co., Furnishers of Electric Power for Commercial Purposes, D. J., Albertson, President, Traverse City. iElk Rapids Saving Bank, General Banking, Chas. B, Carber, Cashier, Elk Rapids. lliott, C. A., Farmer, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1876. -Elliott, F. R., Farmer, S. 34, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1885..Emerson, Charles A., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 25, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1865. Mr. Emerson is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born in 1865. iEmerson, J. D., Farmer, S. 15, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1895. LEnglander, George, Farmer, S. 5, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse Cite. 1893. iEnos & Hynes, Farmers and Sheep Raisers, Proprietors of Twin Pines Farm, S. 36, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Walton. 1903. Ennest & Ayers, Merchants, Williamsburg..Ensign, D. L., Dealer in General Merchandise, Kingsley. Y^stes, C. R., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 6, T. Acme, P. 0. Bates. Mr. Estes was born in Grand Traverse County in 1879. Farmers' Supply Co., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Iniplements, Farm Machinery, Carriages, Robes, Whips, Blankets, Fur Coats, Gasoline Engines, and Harness Makers, D. E. Wynkoop, Pres., John Rennie, Vice Pres., R. A. Wynkoop, Sec'y., C. E. Rennie, Cashier, Traverse City. 1907. Ferris, WVm., Dairy and Poultry Farmer, Breeder of Brown Leghorn Chickens, S. 19, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. First National Bank of Traverse City, Michigan, General Banking, Leon F. Titus, Cashier, Traverse City. Fish, George, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 17, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1869. Mr. Fish is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born in 1869. Fisher, Elias A., Superintendent of the Wylie Cooperage Co., Interlochen. Flack, George, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Flack is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born in 1876. Force, Wm., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 3, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 1865. Fouch, Perry, Truck Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 23, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1898. Fowler, Curtis, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1856. Friedrich, Alfred V., Mayor of Traverse City and Dealer in Shoes, Traverse City. Fuller, James N., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 12, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 1904. Fuller, Sanford, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1869. Gallagher, John, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 7, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1892. Garland, Chas., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 4, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1856. Garland, Robert P., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 9, T'. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1858. Gauld, George, Farmer, S. 36, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Valton. 1882. Gay, Wim.. Farmer, S. 9, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1851. Mr. Gay was born in Michigan in 1851 and is married to Fannie G. Campbell. Mr. and Mrs. Gay are the parents of one child, named Claud N. 'Mr. Campbell's property is known as the Elm Lane Farm. Geiger, Edw., Farmer, S. 18, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1883. Mr. Geiger is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born in 1883. Germaine Brothers, Livery Stables, Importers of Fancy Driving and Draft Horses, Traverse City. Gibbs, E. B., Farmer, S. 26, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Summit City. 1875. Mr. Gibbs was born in Wisconsin in 1853 and is married to Mary H. Hodges. Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs have three children, Lionel A., Ardelia A., and Jessie S. Mr. Gibbs is holding the office of Supervisor. His property is known as the Red Elm Farm. Gibson, W. M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1878. Gietzen, Theodore, Farmer, S. 33, T. Blair, P. 0. Kingsley. 1886. Mr. Gietzen was born in Michigan in 1862 and is married to Eva Einig. This union has been blessed with seven children, Rosa, Daniel, Nora, Fred, Joseph, Julius and Mary. Mr. Grietzei's property is known as the Sunny QuOeen Farm. Gillis, Peter, Farmer, S. 28, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Glass, F. N., Farmer", S. 27, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1896. Goff, Vincent, Farmer, S. 2, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1877. Grand Traverse County, Board of Supervisors. County Officials-Chas. S. Johnson, Sheriff; F. R. Walker, Judge of Probate; F. E. Brown, County Treasurer; Robert E. Walter, County Clerk; F. W. Wilson, Register of Deeds; Geo. W. Curtis, Circuit Court Commissioner; Fred H. Pratt, Prosecuting Attorney; Dr. Frank Holdsworth and L. J. Tedmnian, Coroners; E. P. Waterman, County Surveyor; F. D. Marvin, Chairman, C. H. Estes, A. F. Pulver, Superintendents of the Poor; R. B. Garner, Chairman, B. F. Newhouse, Sec'y, A. L. Thurston, Soldiers and Sailors Relief Conmission; Frederic W. Mayne, Circuit Court Judge; J. E. Henderson, Stenographer. Countv Supervisors-john Hoxsie, Acmne; F..I. Hamlin, Blair; Edwin Black, East Bay; Ralph Hicks, FifeLake; Finley Hanmmniond, Garfield; Elmer E. Champion, Grant; John Anderson, Green Lake; John Kubesh, Long Lake; Edward B. Gibbs, Mayfield Lucius J. Tedmaan, Paradise, Emor 0. Ladd, Peninsula; Frank W. Carver, 1st Ward, S. C. Darrow, 2nd Ward, W. W. Dean, 3rd Ward, WXn. F. Harsha, 4th Ward, L. K. Cleveland, 5th Ward, Traverse City; John M. Safford, Union; Kossuth Stites, Whitewater. Grand Traverse County-Treasurer's Office, F. E. Brown, County Treasurer, Traverse Cite. Grant, Wm. F., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 8, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1857. Mr. Grant is serving as Township Clerk of Garfield Township since 1898. Gravell, W., Farmer, S. 32, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Gravell is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born iin 1868. Gray, George, Farmer, S. 22, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1865. Mr. Gray was born in Canada in 1856 and is married to Anna Clark. His property is known as the Clover Leaf Farm. Giles, Frank, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse Citv. 1876. Gilmore, A. T., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Goodrich, F. R., Real Estate, Traverse City. Gregory, W7. L., Proprietor of the Gregory Hotel, Fife Lake. Groth, Chas., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1892..- - Grubb, Ray, Farmer and Cement Structure Contractor, S. 17, T. Peninsuila, P. 0.,-Traverse City. 1893. Gurr, Charles, Farmer, S. 13, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1874. Hackman, A. B., Manager, South End Hardware, Hardware, Imnplements and General Merchandise, Kingsley. Hager, Frank, Farmer, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1879. Hager, John, Farmer, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1879. Hager, Lina E.. Teacher, S. 3, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. Hall, W. F., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 20, T. East Bay, P. 0. Address 643 East State Street, Traverse City. Hall, W. W., Farmer, S. 17, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1900. Hamilton Clothing Co., Dealers in Men's and Boys' Clothing, Hats, Caps and Furnishing Goods, Traverse City. Hamlin, F. M., Farmer, S. 31, T. Blair, P. 0. Grawn. Mr. Hamlin was born in New York in 1863 and is nimarried to R'etta Wightmnan and they have three children, J. Dorr, Leah and Retta. Mr. Hamlin holds the office of Supervisor. Hammer, Conrad, Farmer, S. 26, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Summit City. Mr. Hammer was born in Canada in 1881 and came to Grand Traverse County in his infancy. Hanna, Thos., Farmer, S. 30, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1881. Hannah & Lay Co., Dealers in Real Estate and City Property, Proprietors of Flour Mills, Traverse City. Hannah & Lay Mercantile Co., Universal Providers, M. S. Sanders, Secretary and Treasurer, Traverse City. Hargraves, M., Farmer, S. 32, T. Blair, P. 0. Monroe Center. Mr. Hargraves was born in Michigan, Grand Traverse County in 1875 and is married to Gale Hand. They have one child, named Chester Malcomb. Mr. Hargraves has served as Justice of the Peace. Harner, M. B., Dealer in Musical Instrumenits, Traverse City. Harsh, S. R., Farmer and Produce Dealer, S. 30, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1884. Hastings, E. W. & Son, Real Estate and Insurance, Traverse City. Hartline, T.F., Farmer, S. 18,T Green Lake, P. 0. Bendor. Mr. Hartline was born in Michigan in 1867 and is married to Nora McDonald. Mr. and Mrs. Hartline have five children, Margarete, Cleo, Grace, Harold and Gerold, the last two being twins. Mr. Hartline has served as Highway Commissioner. Hatfield, Frank, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse Ci'v. 1905. Heim, Wm., Farmer, S. 10, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1865. Mr. Heim was born in Michigan in 1865 and was married to Mary A. Lambert, to which union were born five children, Ernest WV., Mary L., Eva B., Leah E. and Ruth B. Mrs. Heim died in 1906. Mr. Heim's property is known as the Boardman River Valley Stock Farm. Henschell, Gottlieb, Farmer, S. 30, T. Mayhfeld, P. 0. Buckley. 1889. Mr. Henschliell was born in Russia in 1860 and is married to Augusta Matner. They have nine, children, Matilda, Able, Nettie, Edwin, Louis, Emil, Martha, William and Hattie. Mr. Henschell's property is known as the Daisy Farm. Herald and Record Co., Book, Catalogue and Comimercial Printers, Thos. T. Bates, President; Geo.'G. Bates, Vice President; J. W. Hannien, Secretary; Clara N. Bates, Cashier; Traverse City. Hess, G. D., Farmer and Breeder of Wilks Horses and Aberdeen Angus Cattle, S. 13, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Grawn. 1867. Mr. Hess was born in Michigan, Grand Traverse County, in 1867. Hessem, Jonas, Farmer, S. 31, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1876. Heubel, Wm., Farmer, Fruit Grower and Dairyman, S. 19, T. Peninsula P. 0. Traverse City. 1885. Heuss, John T., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1893. Mr. Heuss is Treasurer of Garfield Township. Hewett, Guy A., Farmei-, S. 22, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1893..Hickey, A., Farmer, S. 20, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1897. Hicks, Newel, Farmer, S. 30, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Summit City. 1899. Hicks, Ralph, Farmer, S. 19, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Summit City. 1899. Higbea, A. J., Farmer and Breeder of Registered Duroc Hogs, S. 21, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1898. Hill, F. E., Farmer, S. 30. T. Blair, P. O." Grawn. 1881. Mr. Hill was born in Michigan in 1856 and is married to Elizabeth Doherty and they have four children, Etta E., Susie E., Maud E. and Fred E. Hill, T. R., Farmer, S. 2, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1880. Hilliker, J. W., Member of State Board of Corrections and Charities and Deputy Sheriff, Traverse City. 1893. Hobart, The, Co., Proprietor of the City Book Store, Established 1881, Traverse City. Hobbs, U. B., Farmer, S. 4, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1885. Mr. Hobbs was born in Michigan in Grand Traverse County in 1885 and is married to Florence Wheat. Mr. and Mrs. Hobbs are the parents of twi-ins, named Charles H. and Francis MI. Mr. Hobbs has served as Town Clerk for the past three years. Hoch, Edw. G., Farmer, S. 13, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr., Hoch's Farm is known as the Valley Home Farm. Hodges, G. E., Mining and Real Estate, Fife Lake. 1869. Hodges, J. S., Dealer in General Merchandise, Fife Lake. Hodges, J. W., Farmer, S. 3, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake.. 1904. Hoeflin, Adam, Farmer and Dairyman, S. 4, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1891. Hoffman, Frailcis M., Farmer, S. 1, T. Paradise. P. 0. Kingsley. 1898. Hoffman, John, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 33, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1879. Holmes, 0. V., Farmer and Breeder of Roan Durhamn Cattle, S. 19, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Summit City. 1881. Hoolihan, Wm. Co., Manufacturers of Harness and Dealers in Carriages, WXagons, Implements, Hardware, etc., 135 State Street, Traverse City. Horton, W. E., Farmer, S. 7, T. Mayfield, P. 0. MIonroe Center. 1871. Mr. Horton was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1871 and is married Lilly A. Cox. They have three children, Carra, Harold and Blossom. Mr. Horton's property is known as Pleasant Valley Farm. Howard & Packard Land Company, Dealers in Real Estate, B. A. Howard, President, J. 0. Packard, Secretary, Cadillac. Howe, J. C., Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1900. Hulett, S. I., Farmer, S. 32, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. Ingleright, W. H., Farmer, S. 7, T. Green Lake, P. O. Bendon. 1902. Mr. Ingleright was born in Michigan in 1857 and is married to Sophia Sidell. They have two children, the older one died at the age of 23 years, and Myria is married to W. Marsh. Inglis, John, Farmer, S. 26, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1883. Irish, Chas., Farmer, S. 31, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1907. Jackson, Geo. XV., Farmer and Stockraiser, Breeder of Speed Horses and Ayrshire Cattle, S. 7, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. Jamieson, G. H., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 15, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1887. Johnson, Chas. E., Livery and Sale Stable, Interlochien. Johnson, H. H., Farmer, S. 21, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1874. Mr. Johnson was born in Granid Traverse County, Michigan, in 1874. Johnson, Wm. E., Fruit Grower, S. 8, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1883. Johnson, W. R., Farmer, S. 21, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1868. Mr. Johnson was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1868. Jones, Ed., Farmer, S. 2, T. Union, P. 0. South Boardman. 1900. Katz, C., Farmer and Township Clerk, Grawn. Kellar, S. L., Farmer, S. 22, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1889. Kelly, David G., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 4, T Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1873. Mr. Kelly was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1873. Kelley Lumber and Shingle Co., Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in Lumber, Lath and Shingles, Cedar Products, WV. N. Kelley, President; W. L. Dewitt, Vice President; W. P. Crotser, Secretary; G. R. Becker, Treasurer, Traverse City. Kennedy, John, Farmer, S. 34, T. Whitewater, P. 0: Williamsburg. 1890. Mr. Kennedy was born in Canada in 1860 and is married to Kate WVildebrand and they have three children, Elmer J., Mable E. and John T. Kingdon, Fred., Farmer, S. 17, T. Loing Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1885. Mr. Kingdon was born in Kansas in 1872 and is married to Mary Ruhl, to which union were born two children, Howard and Karl. Kingdon, H., Farmer, S. 20, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1885. Mr. Kingdon was born in Illinois in 1864 and is married to Nillie J. Page. Mr. and Mrs. Kingdon are the parents of three children, Eva G., Jennie L. anid Edith A. Kirch, Peter, Farmer, S. 4, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1890. Klingelschmitt, B., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 34, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1887. Knapp, Henry, Farmer, S. 30, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1882. Kneeland, Harold S., Secretary and General Manager of the Traverse City Canning Co., Traverse City. Knieper, Nicholas, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 1893. Knight, Fred., Farmer, S. 19, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Bendon. 1899. Mr. Knight was born in New York in 1870 and is married to May Marrell. They have two children, Fred and Halena. Kratochvil, Frank, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1866. Mr. Kratochvil Was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1866. Kratocthvil, Wencel, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 20, 1T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1855.

Page  83 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. 83 Kratochvil, Wim. F., Farmer, S. 25, T. Long Lake,- P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Kratochvil was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1874 and is married to Mabel Attinger. They have been blessed with four children, Florence, Edna, Ruth and Elizabeth. His property is known as the Lake View Farm. Kreiser, Nick, Farmer, S. 9, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1889. Mr. Kreiser is the proprietor of the Saloon in Kingsley. Kreiser, Ralph, Farmer, S. 6, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1883. Mr. Kreiser was born in Michigan in 1865 and is married to Mary Miller. They have four children, Lena, Leo, Anna and Francy. 1-is property is known as the Crystal Spring Farm. Kroupa, John, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 16, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1853. Kroupa Bros. (Mark and Charles,) Farmers, Fruit Growers and Merchants, S. 21, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. Kubesh, John G., Farmer and Supervisor, S. 12, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1876. Mr. Kubesh was born in Iowa in 1870 and is married to Francis Lestina. They have five children, Sophia, Blanch, Agnes, George and Iva. His property is known as the Twin Lake Farm. Kyselka, Anna, Farming, S. 28, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1880. La Bar, H. L., Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, Books, Stationery, etc., Fife Lake. LaFayette, Arthur C., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 4, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1896. Lake, Edward C., Farmer, S. 8, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1893. Lalone, C. B., Farmer and Dealer in Gas Engines, etc., S. 8, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1907. Lalone, M. J., State Agent for Gas and Gasoline Engines, Cream Separators, Silos, etc., Traverse City. Lambert, Thomas J., Farmer, S. 28, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Lambert was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1888. Laming, A L., Farmer, S. 20, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1899. LIang, W. P, Farmer, S. 36, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Monroe Center. Mr. Lang was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1884, and his property is known as the Maple Street Farm. Lardie, Mike, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 28, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1869. Lardie. Peter F., Merchant, S. 22, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1859. Larson, Ole, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 33, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. LeBaron, B., Farmer, S. 34, T. Paradise, P. 0. Mayfield. 1933. ILee, C. W., Farmer, S. 5, T. Acme, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1887. Leggett, A. P., Farmer, S. 7, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Monroe Center. 1880. Mr. Leggett was born in New York in 1856 and is married to Alma Runnolds. Mr. and Mrs. Leggett are the parents of seven children, Harry, Frank, Ray, Edward, Alice, Alma and Mary. Leiter, J. G., Farmer and Threshing Machine Operator, S. 30, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1868 ILewis, N., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1903. Linden, Val., Saloon, Liquors and Cigars, Kingsley. 1895. Linderman, E. Y., Farmer, S. 13, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1853. Mr. Linderman was born in New York in 1832 and was married to Laura Shildon, who died in 1878. In 1882 he married Amalia Thorp. His property is known as the Elm Grove Farm. Little, A. E., Insurance and Real Estate, Traverse City. Mr. Little is a Veteran of the Civil War, having served in Company B of the 6th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment and is at present Adjutant of the 'G. A. R. and the Soldiers and Sailors Association. Little, L., Farmer, S. 34, T. Paradise,. P. 0. Kingsley. 1898. Livingston, Mrs. I., Farming, Fruit Growing, Stock and Poultry Raising, S. 34, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 1899. Love, Abraham, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1866. bdutman, Frank, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 31, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1872. Lyle, L. J., Farmer and Breeder of Holstein and Short Horn.Cattle, S. 5, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1889. Lyon, A., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 33, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1881. Lyon, J. 0., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 34, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1879. McAley, D., Retired Farmer, Fife Lake. 1893. McCombs, J. H., Farmer and Mason, S. 15, T. Grant, P. 0. Buckley. 1888. Mr. McComb was born in New York in 1863 and is married to Lillie Helmer. They have six children, Daisy, Lloyd, Edwin, Ada, Glen and Gladys. McDonald, P., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1879. McGill, John, Farmer, S. 12, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City..1864. Mr. McGill was born in Ontario, Canada in 1860 and is marrried to Nora Morford. Six children have blessed this union, Thomas, Henry J., Catherine and John (twins), Francis M. and Mary A. Mr. McGill's property is known as the Sunny Slope Farm. McIntyre, Archie, Farmer, S. 11, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Grawn. 1889. Mr. McIntyre was born in Canada in 1850 and is married to Carry E. Taylor. His property is known as the Pleasant View Farm. McKinley, D., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 25, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1895. McLaughlin, Win., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1878. McManus, A. J., Fruit Grower, S. 18, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1885. McManus, A. T., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 14, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1872. Mr. McManus was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1872. McManus, G. C., Farmer, S. 24, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1866. McMullen, D. H., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 19, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1864. McMullen, Edward J., Fruit Grower, S. 19, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. McMullen was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1859. McMullen, Frank, Farmer and Dairyman, S. 19, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. McMullen was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1868. Macey, L., Farmer, S. 27, T. Paradise, P. 0. Mayfield. 1883. Manigold, David, Farmer, S. 34, T. Paradise, P. 0. Mayfield. 1874. Mr. I Manigold was born in Grand Traverse County in 1874. Manistee River Power Company, Traverse City. - Martin, C. I., Merchant, Interlochen. 1893. Mr. Martin was born in New York in 1873. Mason, Alex., Proprietor of the Willow Dale Flour Mills and the Willow Dale Summer Resort, S. 23, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Monroe Center, 1859. Mr. Mason was born in Michigan in 1842 and is married to Mary A. Dealzell. They have two children, Isabella,.who died in 1900, and Georgiana. Masters, Prof. J. B., Superintendent of High Schools and Fruit Grower, S. 30, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1904. Prof. Masters is Principal of the High School. Manville; Chas. E., Farmner and Fruit Grower, S. 5, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1858. Mr. Manville is proprietor cf.the Cherry Valley Fruit Farm. Marshall, R., Farmer and Raiser of White Crested Black Polish Poultry, S. 28, T. Paradise, P. 0. Mayfield. 1902. Matchett, Thomas, Farmer and- Breeder of Short Horn Durham Cattle and Lincoln Sheep, S. 21, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Summit City. 1866. Mr. Matchett was born in Ireland in 1838 and is married to Lena McRill, and they have three children, Frank D., Effie May and Ira R. Mayhew, Dr. E. S., Physician and Surgeon, Fife Lake. 1907. Dr. Mayhew is Health Officer of Fife Lake. Maynard, C C., Farmer, S. 4, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1899. Meddough, Alvv, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 7, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1896. Melkvik,.Isadore, Farmer, S. 19, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1903. Menzel, Henry, Farmer and Breeder of Poland China and Chester White Hogs, S. 9, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1885. Michels, Win., Farmer, S. 12, T. Grant, P. 0. Monroe Center. 1898. Mr. Michels was born in Michigan in 1869 and is married to Mary Ockerd. Mr. and Mrs. Michels have six chtildren, Annie, Tony, Albert, Lawrence, Edna and Gust. Mr. Michels' propertyis known as the Sunny Side Farm. Michigan State Telephone Company, Frank O'Brien, District Manager, Traverse City. MBlilks, Ezra, Farmer, S. 2, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1869. Milks, Leonard, Farmer and Breeder of Durham Cattle, Poland China Hogs and Plymouth Rock Chickens, S. 12, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1869. Miller, A. D., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 31, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1887. Miller, G. W., Dairy Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 15, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City... Miller, Jos. MI., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 8, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1884. Miller, J. W., Farmer', S. 22, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse (;ity. 1890. Mills, J. G., Fruit Grower, S. 10, '. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. -1859. Mocko, Tony, Farmer, S. 33, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1893. Moffatt, 0. C., Abstracts of Titles, 210 State Bank Building, Traverse City. Monroe, Bert, Farmer and Stockraiser, Breeder of D'aft Horses, S. 34, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City.. 1892. Monroe, C. H.. Farmer, S. 3U, T. Blair, P. 0. Grawn. 1859. Mr. Monroe was born in New York in 1844 and is married to Mary S. VWightman. They have three children, Harry S., Carry B., and Vida C. Mr. Monroe served in the capacity as Supervisor for fifteen years. His property is known as the Elm Hurst Farm. Monroe & McWethy, General Insurance, Real Estate and Loans, 311 Wilhelm Block, Traverse City. Montague, C., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1869. Mr. Montague was born in Grand Traverse County in 1869. Moore, M. T., Farmer, S. 28, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1894. Mr. Moore was born in Michigan in 1850 and was married to Jenette Smith. They have one child, named Earnest A. Mrs. Moore died in 1900. Moran, Thcmas, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 5, T. Acme, P. 0 Williamsburg. 1902. Morgan, B. J., Proprietor of the Pioneer Livery Stable, Traverse City. Morse & Kent, (Misses Anna Morse and Eliza Kent), Fruit Growers, S. 8, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1898. Mox, Henry, Liyery, Sale and Boarding Stable, Kingsley. Muehling, B., Farmer, S. 3, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1885. Mull, Walter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1881. Mullen, Robert, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 19, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1855. Nelson, A. W., Farmer, S. 6, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1898. Nelson, C. F. 0., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 33, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1875. Nelson, Wmin., S. 34, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1882. Nelson, Wm. J., Farminer and Breeder of Durham Cattle, Percheron Horses, S. 9, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1866.- Mr. Nelson was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1866, and is married to Lida Breckel. Mr. and Mrs. Nelson are the parents of two children, John W. and Louisa C. Mr. Nelson's property is known as the Honey Bee Farm. Nerlinger, Amil F., Lawyer, 212 State Bank Building, Traverse City. Newcomb, David B., Dairy Farmer and Stock raiser, S. 7, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids, 1861. Mr. Newcomb's property is known as the Sunny Side Dairy Farm. NewcombJohn, Farmer, S. 18, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1864. Newell, C. L., Farmer, S. 22, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. Mr. Newel was born In Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1880, Newmarch, David, Farmer, S. 5, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1873. Newmarch, Thompson, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1873. Nickerson, E. A., Farmer, S. 1, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1869. Mr. Nickerson was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1869 and is married to Lucy Al. Jones and they have five children, St. Clair, D. Volney, Gladys, Sterling and Shelby. Mr. Nickerson's property is known as the Mount Hope Farm. Nickerson, Emery, Farmer, S. 12, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1870. Mr. Nickerson was born in Grand Traverse County Michigan, in 1870 and is married to Jennie Hunt and they have two children, Marie and Glen. Mr. Nickerson's property is known as the Idle Wild Farm. Nickerson, Sam., Farmer, S. 11, T.' Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1867. Mr. Nickerson was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan in 1862 and is married to Emma Gravell. Mr. and Mrs. Nickerson are the parents of seven children. Williard, Pauline, Amos, Susie, Elsie, Ralph and Donald. His property is known as the Clover Blossom Farm. Nicklos, Daniel, Farmer, S. 5, T. Blair, P. 0.' Traverse City. 1854. Nicklos, Joseph, Farmer and Breeder of Durham and Holstein Cattle, S. 5. T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1854. Mr. Nickols was born in Germany n 1832 and is married to Anna Dark. They have five children, Elizabeth, Lena, Martha, John and Daniel. Mr. Nichol's property is known as the Lake View Farm. North, Arthur, Farmer, S. 23, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1903. Mr. North was born in Indiana in 1869 and is married to Addie Furbv. Mr. and Mrs. North have four children, Guy, Orley, Karl and,Volter. Northern Michigan Asylum, J. D. Munson, M. D., Superintendent, Traverse City. Established 1881. Norton, Frank, Farmer, S. 1, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1868. Mr. Norton was born in Illinois in 1865 and is married to Emeline Broadhagen and they have four children, Urina, Eva, Gilbert and Howard. Olds, H. H., Farmer, S. 29, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Bendon. Olson, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1903. Olson, Peter, Farmier, S. 5, T, Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1903. Oval Wood Dish Co., The, Manufacturers of Oval Wood Dishes, H. S. Hull, President; J. M. Longnecker, Secretary and Treasurer; A. L. Fleck, General Agent; W. C. Hull, Vice President and General Manager; F. M. Longnecker, Assistant Secretary and Manager of Sales, Traverse Cit'y. Pahl, Peter, Farmer, S. 17, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1896. Mr. Pahl was born in Ohlio in 1854 and is married to Catherina Courtate, and they have four children, Clara, Ernest, Daniel and Karl. Park Place Hotel, W. 0. Holden. Manager, Traverse City. Patchin, J. W., Lawyer, 405 New Wilhelm Block, Traverse City. Paul, John F., Farmer, S. 23, T. Grant, P. 0. Wexford. 1887. Mr. Paul was born in New York in 1840 and is married to Lizzie Cochran and they have four children, Wilbur B., John, Asa and Ada. Mr. Paul is a Veteran of the Civil War, having enlisted in the 3rd Michigan Cavalry Regiment and served u-ntil-the close of the war. Pease, V., Farmer, S. 18, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Monroe Center. 1876. Mr. Pease was born in Grand Traverse ',6unty, Michigan, in 1876 and is married to Priorah Sinions. Mir., and Mrs. Pease have two children, Neal and Olive. Peck, C. H., Farmer, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1879. IMr. Peck is serving as Highway Commissioner of Union Township. Pender, William, Farmer, S. 9, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1880. Pennington, Willis, Dealer in [)rugs, Medicine and Cigars, etc., Interlochen. People's Saving Bank, General Banking, C. A. Hammond, Cashier, Traverse City. Pepper, Nelson, Farmer, S. 20, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1896. Mr. Pepper was born in Michigan in 1859 and is married to Emma Clark. They have three children, Oren, MI. Della, and Mildred. Mr. Pepper's property is known as the Sunny Slope Farm. Peterson, P. T., Blacksmith and Wagon Maker, Fife Lake. Peterson, Theodore, Farmer, S. 29, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1884. Petertyl, Victor, Manufacturer of Carriages, WVagos and Sleighs, Traverse City. Phillips, Hope, Dairy Farmer, S. 7, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1858. Phillips, Horace, Farmer, S. 12, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1853. Pierce, Clement, Farmer, S. 1, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1881. Pierce, F. M., Farmner, S. 18, T. Fife Lake, P: 0. Kingsley. 18S6. Platt, WIn., Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stoekraiser, S. 18, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1866. Plucker, Sanford, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Plucker was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1866. Pool, 0. V., Farmer, S. 7, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1898. Porter, C. L., Farmer and Breeder of Shire Horses and High Grade Cattle, Hogs and Sheep, S. 28, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1904. Potrafke, G. E., Farmer, S. 24, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1889. Mr. Potrafka was born in Germany in 1872 and is married to Christina Chesnow, and they have five children, Minnie, William, Clara, Stusie and Marjorie. Mr. Potrafke's property is known as the Prospect Heights Farm. Pratt & Davis, Law and Loan Office, Edwin S. Pratt, Harry. C. Davis, Fred H. Pratt, Traverse City. Pray, A. S., Farmer, S. 35, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Mabel. SIMr. Pray was born in New York in 1853 and is married to Carrie A. Estes. Mr. and Mrs. Pray are the parents of ten children, Win. W., A. C., Cliford B., Cora, Ashley, Mortimer, Ethel, Hazen, Gladys and Octavia. Pray, E. T., Farmer, S. 2, T. Whitewater, P 0. Mabel. Priday, C. H., Dairyman and Stockraiser, S. 22, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City, Box 253. 1902. Prindle, Andrew, Farmer, S. 17, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1886. Prouty, Ed., Farmer, S. 22, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Prouty was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1838. Purvis, & Co., Livery, Feed and Sales Stable, 120 State Street West, Traverse City. Quackenbush, E. P., Dealer in Groceries, Fife Lake. Queen City Implement Co., L. 0. Rice, Manager, Dealers 'in Machinery, Implements, Buggies, Harness, and Farmers' Supplies of all kinds, 128 Front Street, Trakerse City. Radcliffe, Xim., Farmer, S. 5, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Radcliffe was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan. in 1881., Raftery, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 14, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1869. Mr. Raftery's property is known as the Spring Creek Farm. Ramsay, XW. D., Farmer and Threshing Machine Operator, S. 33, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1877. Mr. Ramsay was born in Michigan in 1857 and is married to Emma Lawrence, and seven children have blessed this union, Fern, John, Clare, Isabella, Frieda, Perry and Carry. Mr. Ramsey's property is known as the Poplar Grove Farm. Rarick, Geo., Farmer and Breeder of Coach Horses, S. 28, T. Paradise, P. 0. Mayfield. 1890. Rasho, Freeman, Farmer, S. 34, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1875. Rawlings, E. G., Farmer, S. 15, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1876. Mr. Rawlings was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1876 and is married to Maggie Kuepp, and they have two children. Rawlings, Irwin, Farmer, S. 16, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1879. Mr. Rawlings was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1879. and is married. There are three children in the family. His property is known as the Shady Nook Farm. Razey, W. B., Farmer, S. 35, T. Union, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1885.. Reid, R. H., Farmer, S. 23, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1871. Reynolds, D. W. & Son, Dealers in General Merchandise, Fresh and Salt Meats, Grawn. Rice, Chas. D., Farmner and Poultry Raiser, S. 18, T. East Bay, P..0. Traverse City. 1901. Richardson, J. 0., Farmer, S. 19, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1904. Rickerd, L. C., Farmer, S. 14, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1859. Mr. Rickerd was born in Michigan in 1845 and was married to Clista Case, who died in 1887. In 1888 he married Catherine Show. His property is known as the Maple Grove Farm. Rickerd, A. W., Dealer in High Grade Monuments, Markers and Headstones, 321 Bay Street, Traverse City. Riley, Geo. A., Farmer, S. 35, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1902. Mr. Riley was born in Michigan in 1875 and is married to N. C. Wall. He has served as Town Clerk for four years. Riley, John A., Farmer, S. 35, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1902. Mr. Riley was born in Michigan in 1873 and is married to Mary Nickerson. Robar, Chas., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 4, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1904. Roberts, John, Proprietor, Kingsley Sale Stables, Kingsley. 1889. Robertson, James, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1866. Robertson, Wm. A., Farmer and Theshing Machine Operator, S. 15, T. Grant, P. 0. Buckley. 1874. Mr. Robertson was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1874 and is married to Clara McComb, and they have three children, Roland G., Alfred R. and Gerald C. Mr. Robertson is Treasurer of Grant Township. Rodie, Peter, Farmer, S. 32, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1891. Rogers, Frank W., Farmer, S. 18, T. Union, P. 0. Mayfield. 1900. Rogers, George. Farmer, S. 33, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1896. Rogers, H. B., Fruit Grower, S. 12, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1890. Rogers, Theo., Farmer, S. 18, T. Union, P. 0. Mayfield. 1900. Rollo, Grant, Farmer, Kingsley. Mr. Rollo was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1882. Roush, David, Farmer and Threshing Machine Operator, S. 19, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1867. His property is known as the Cold Spring Dairy Farm. Roush, Geo., Farmer, S. 26, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1887. Rudert, Frank, Farmer, S. 20, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Rudert was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1880. Runk, J. Cleveland, Teacher, Traverse City. Mr. Runk was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan. Rusch, Paul, Farmer, S. 30, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City, Lock Box 206. 1904.

Page  84 84 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Sachtleben, Henry, Farmer, S. 6, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Mr. Sachtleben's property is known as the Pleasant View Farm. Santo, John R., General Insurance, Traverse City. Saunders, Abe, Farmer, S. 12, T. Green Lake, P. 0. Grawn. Mr. Saunders was born in Canada 'in 1864 and is married to Pearl Barnard and, they have two- children, Bethel and John. Mr. Saunders' property is known as the Saunders Homestead. Sawyer, Frank, Farmer, S..8, T.-Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1893. Mr. Sawyer was born in Michigan in 1868 and. is married to Mattie Nichols. They have two children, Leon D., and Myrtle R. Mr. Sawyer.has held the office of Highway Commissioner and his property is known as the -Winner Farm. Saxton, W.-+, Farmer and Breeder of Durham Cattle, S. 18, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1868. Saye8s, 'Alexander, Farmer, S. 34, T. Paradise, P. 0.' Kingsley. 1878. Savers, Frank, Farmer, S. 33, T. Paradise, P. 0. Mayfield. 1882. Saiyers, Herbert, Farmer, S. 36, T.-Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1882. Sayler, Everts, Farmer, S. 19, T. Elk Rapids. 1878. Saylor, B. Frank, Real Estate and Produce Buyer, Kingsley. 1890.' School District No. 2, Thomas Pray, Director, Williamsburg. School District No. 3, F. E.Sours, Director, Elk Rapids. School District No. 4, R.'D. White, Director, Williamsbflrg. School District No. 5, 'K. Stites, Director, Williamsburg. Schuster, Joseph, Farmer anid. Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Paradise, P. 0. * Summit City. -1883.. Schetterly, Henry, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 5, T. Peninsula; P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Sclitterly was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1862. Schofield, E. M., General Insurance Agency, 329 South Union iStreet, Traverse City. f Secor, E., Farmer, S. 24, T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1859. Mr. Secor was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1855 and is married to Leah Jakes. They have six children, Phillip, Ella, Clara, Joseph, Ethel and Birdie. Mr. Secor's property is known as the Fox Hunters Lodge. Seegmiller, Jake, Farmer,.S. 15, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. Seeley, C. L., Farmer, S. 32, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1868. Seeley, H. G., Farmer, S. 3, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1888. Shanti, Thomas, Proprietor of. Shane Sales Stable, Traverse- City. 1867. Sharkey, John, Farmer, S. 7, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Shearer, G. A., Farmer, S. 17, T. Long-Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1876. Mr.. Shearer was born in Grand Traverse Cdunty, Michigan in 1876 and is married to Louise Gitchel. He is serving as Town Clerk, which office he has held for the past four years. Sherman & Hunter, Proprietors of the New Clothiers and Furnishers, Traverse City. Shuter, F. L., Agent for Farmers'-i'Supplies, Cream Separators, Gas En7 gines, etc., 50 West Tenth Street, Traverse City. 1888. Skinner. Fred W., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Grant, P. 0. Nessen City. 1877. Smith, A. W., Farmer, S. 20, T. May-field,;P. 0. Buckley. 1869. Mr. Smith was born in Ohio in 1860, and is married 'to Lillie Plucker. Mr. and Mrs. -Smith are the parents of three children, Edna, Arill and Floyd. Smith, David, Farmer, S. 8, T. East Bay, P. 0. Mayfield. - 1898. Smith, Frank, Farmer, S. 25, T. Green Lake, P..0. Monroe Center. 1868. Mr. Smith was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1868 and is married to Suseni Hill. They have three children, 'Margarete E, Helen 'F. and Frankie M. Mr. Smith's property is known as Maple Hill Farm. Smith, Geo. E., Farmer, S. 25, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1906. -Smith, Joe, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 3, T.. Acme, P. 0. Acme. Mr. Smith was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1871. Smith, J. F., Farmer, S. 32, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1874. Smith, Thomas J., Merchant, Mayfield.- 1900. Smith, Vern, Farmer, S. 35, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme, Box, 73. 1876. Smith, Wm. H., Farmer, S. 26, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1899. Smith, W. W., Manager, Hannah & bay Co., Flour Mills, Traverse City. Smith & Price, Photographers, 325 South Union Street, Traverse City. Smith Realty Co., Real Estate, Traverse City. Smurthwaite & Alway, (Thomas Smurthwaite, Curtis D. Alway,) Attorneys and Counselors at Law, Markham Block, Traverse City. Snell, Robe' c N., Farmer and Stockrnaiser, S. 23, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. ' 1.881. Snyder, C. R., Dealer in Farm Products, Kingsley. Snyder, Geo. H., Farmer, 5. 20, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse' City. 1906. Snyder, Peter, Farmer and Stockraiser, 5. 16, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1900. Mr. Snyder wvas born in Michigan in 1878 and is married to Mary Fossel. They have two children, Martin and Edward. Mr. Snyder's property is known as the Peter Snyder Stock Farm. Sours, Frank E.,.Farmer, 5. 4, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1870. Mr. Sours was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and is manried to Matilda Munro. Mr. and Mrs. Sours are the parents of four children, bucile 14., Ivan J., Munro and Helena. Sours, Lowell, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 4, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Elk - Rapids. Mr. Sours' property is known as the Sunset View Farm. South Side Lumber Co., Manufacturers and Wholesale and Retail Dealers -in Lumber, Lath, Shingles Doors, Windows, Mouldings and Box Shooks, Walter N. Kelley, President;. W. L. Dewitt, Vice President;. WV. P Crotser, Secretarv W V W. Parr, Treasurer and Manager; 515 Lake Ave., Traverse City. Sparling, Alonzo, Farmer, S. 12' T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley..1885. Mr. Sparling is-a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and was born in 1885. Sparling, Geo. C.' Farmer, S. 11, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1867. Sparlinig, Wesley, S. 12, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1867. Spriiiger, -,David.J., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 23, T. Garfield, P. 0. "Traverse City. 1900. Spruit, C., Fruit Grower, S. 34, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission, or 220 Caldwell Street, Jacksonville, Ill. Mr. Spruit is Teacher in.the Jacksonville, Ill., School for Deaf. Spuhr, R. E. J., Farmer, S. 18, T. Union, P. 0. Mayfield. 1906. Stanek, Chas., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1876. Stanek, Joseph, Farnier and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1876. Stedman, J. D., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 3, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 11878. -Steele, C. A., Farmer, S. 24, T. Union, P. 0. Fife bake. 1900. Steele, G. M., Farmer, S. Il, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife Lake. 1892. -Stevens, 0. P., Fruit Grower, S. 22, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1898. Stevenson, Wm. R., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28,' T; Peninsula, P. '0.' Traverse City. 1892. Stigar, Geo. L., Farmer, S. 19, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse Citv. 1880. Stinson, A. B., Dealer in Dry Goods 'and Groceries, Kingsley. He is holding office as Postmaster of Kingsley. Stites, B. A., Farmer and Fruit Grower,: S. 16, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1860. Stites, Kossuth, Farmer, S. 27, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1862. 1 Mr. Stites was born in- Ohio in 1851 and was married to Jennie Sco field, to' which union was born one child, named May. His wife died in 1878 and in 1880 he married Libby Eatons and this union has been blessed with nine children, Wilbur, Jennie, Emma, George, John, Albert, Ella, Blanch and Arthur. Mr. Stites serves as Supervisor which office he has held -for the past two years. Stites, Wellington, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 10, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 1860. Stockfisch, Aug., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1900. Stockfisch, Walter, Farmer, S. 6, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1899. Stone, F. W., Farmer'and Fruit Grower, S. 34, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. Mr. Stone is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan,. and was.born in 1857. Storrs, Lois, Farmer and Breeder of Jersey Cattle, S. 28, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. '1878. Stover, J..E.,Farmer, -S. 13,.T. Long Lake, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Mr. Stover was born in Indiana in 1875 and is married to Mary E. * Bro6k~.' They have one child, named Virna. Mr. Stover's proper-- ty is, knovn asthe Pleasant Valley Farm. Strait, F. W.,"F"rmer, 5 '34; T. East Bay, P. 0. 'Traverse City. 1890; Strohm, C. J.,Farmer, S. 2, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1871. Mr. Strohm was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1871 and is married to Mary Fromholtz. They have three children, Herbert, William and Francis. Mr. Strohm's property is known as the Cherry Grove Farm. Sundien, 0., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 4, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1880. Sunquist, Peter,- Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 18, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1882. Swaney, Geo. F., Fruit Grower and Buyer, S. 34,-T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1875. Swainston, David A., Farmer, S. 33, T. Blair, P. 0. Kingsley. 1867. Mr. Swainston -was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1854 and is married' to Mary Er Sauhders.. Mr. and Mrs. Swainston are the parents of three children, Owen C., Orton T. and David, Jr. Swainston Bros/, Fdrmers and Fruit Growers, S. 8, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. Sweet, C. WV., Farmer, S. 2, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1878. Thacker, QuincyA., Farmer, S. 18, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1862. Thomas, W. L., Fruit Grower, S. 36, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1899W. '. - Thurtell, Francis,. General Manager, The Grand Traverse Land 'and Loan Co., Real.Estate, Traverse City. Tibbits, Wm., Farmer and Fruit Grower, Acme. 1866. Tillapaugh, J. 'C!, Postmaster and Proprietor of Hotel and Meat Market, Interlochen..'.'* Tompkins, J. A.,;Farmer and Fruit Grower, -S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission., Mr. Tompkins is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and was born in 1869. Tompkins, W. G., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 3, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mlssion.. Mr. Tompkins is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan; and vas born in 1872. Tompkins, 'Wnm., Jr., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. Mr. Tompkins was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, -in, 1875. Travis, E'., Farmer, S. 4, T.,Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Travis was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1875 and is married to EdVth Todden. Mr. Travis has adopted two children, Harold and Gertrude. Traverse City Manufacturing Company, Manufacturers of and Dealers in all-kinds of Building Material, W. b. Brown, Manager; Lake Ave. and'-Tenth -Street, Traverse City. Traverse 'City Milling Co., Manufacturers of Flour and Mill Products, Traverse CitY. Traverse City State- Bank, General Banking; A. Tracy Lay, President; R. Floyd Clinch, Vice President; Sam ael Garland, Cashier; A. J. Haviland, 'Assistant Cashier; A. J. Maynard, Assistant Cashier; Traverse City. *. Turnbull & Cook--Livery, Sale and Feed Stable, Xest State Street, Traverse City. Tyrer, A. H., Government bight House Keeper, Farmer and Fruit Grower, 5. 9, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission or H-olland Pier Head bight. Mr. Tyrer was bormn in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1857. Umlor, E., Farmer and Fruit Grower, 5. 22, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1907. Underwvood & Umlor, Attoruk ys at baxv, Sutherland Block, Traverse City. Valley, Frank, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 27, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Travverse City. 1867., Mr. Valley is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and was born in 1867, Valley, Geo., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 28, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1868. Mr. Valley is a native of Grand Traverse County and was born in 1868. Vancamp, S., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 1, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme 1904. Vanderlip, R. b., Farmer and Brick Mason, S..27, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1881. VanGorder & Linted, Dealers in Hardware, Mill Supplies, Farming Tools, and Building Material and Hard and Soft Coal, Kingsley. VanLeuven, Wm. C., Farmer, S. 32, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse' City. 1890. VanWormer, L., Farmer, S. 8, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1906. Vibber, D. C., Farmer and Stockraiser, S, 26, T. Paradise, P. 0. 'Summit City. 1894. Wagner. WXm., Farmer, S. 4, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1903., Mr. Wagner was born in Ohio in 1872 and married Mary Fenton. They have one child named Frank Leroy. Mr. Wagner's property is know as the Elm Hurst Farm. Wait, S. E. & Sons, Druggists, Front and Union Streets, Traverse City. Wagner, Jacob E.', Farmer, S. 31, T. Blair, P. 0. Grawn. 1902. Mr. Wagner was born in Germany in 1859 and is married to Emma Murphy. Wall, E. A., Farmer, S. 30, T. Paradise. P. 0. Summit City. 1866. Wall, John, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 6, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1865. Walter, Robert E., Clerk of Grand Traverse County, Traverse City. Ward, T. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. -Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1877. Warner, C. H., Farmer, S. 34, T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1882. Mr. Warner was born in Michigan in 1876 and was married to Martha Hamilton to which union were born two children, Dewey E. and Gordon. His, wife died in 1904 and 1907 Mr. Warner married Hattie Langski, to which union was born one child, Norma. Warner, F. C., Farmer and"Fruit Grower, S. 10, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Old Mission. 1870. Waterman, E; P., County Surveyor and Civil Engineer, Traverse City. Watson, C. MI., Farmer, S. 32, T. Blair, P. 0. Monroe 'Center. 1895. Mr. Watson was born in Michigan in 1861 and is married to Enum.a J. Adams. Mr. and Mrs. Watson have six children, Seely'E., John L., Leonard A., Ellen J., Kunnith and Clyde M., who died at the age of 18 years. Mr. Watson ' s property is known as the Maple Grove Farm. ' - Wealsh, M. J.,. Farmer, S. 19, T. Acme, P. 0. Elk Rapids. 1882. Weathers, Frank, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 32, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1871.,XWeathers, M., Farmer, S. 22, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1875. Weaver, Geo. M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Fife L '. bake. 1871. Weaver, Samuel W., Supervisor, S. 36, T. Blair, P. 0. Kingsley. 1903. Mr. Weaver was born in Pennsylvania in 1862 and is married.to Eva Burton. They have four children, Maud, Geo., Graa who died at the age of eight years, and Mabel. Mr. Weaver's property is known as the Lone Maple Farm... ' ' Weber, Christ., Farmer, S. 8, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1887. Mr. Weber was born in Germany in 1871. and married Mary Kummer. Mr. and Mrs. Weber have five children, Tracy, Alma, Josie, Benjamin and Julius. Mr. Weber's property is known as the Pleasant View Farm. " - - ' Weber, Joseph, Farmer, S. 3, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1880. Mr. Weber was born in Ohio- in 1851- and married Mary Wolf. They have seven children, Katie, Elizabeth, Joseph, Anton, Wilhelmia, Therese M..and Philip. Mr. Weber's property is known as the Evergreen Farm. Weber, Peter, Farmer, S. 5, T. Mayfield, P. 0. Kingsley. 1890. Mr. Weber was born in Michigan in 1860 and is married to Mary Weidenfeller. 'They have five children, Mary, Annie, Jacob, Frank and Clarence. Mr. Weber's property is known as the Weber Dairy -Earm. J Weber, Tony J., Farmer, S. 14, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. Mr. Weber is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan. Webster, A. H., Farmer and Lumberman, S. 14. T. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1878. Mr. Webster was born in New York in 1863 and is married to Mary Shorts. They have one child, Ralph. Mr, Webster's property is known as the Elm Hurst Farm. Wellein, Adolph, Farmer and Produce Buyer, S. 3, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1888.. ' - Wells, Earl, Farmer, S. 24, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. Mr. Wells is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and-was born i 1880. Wells, W. A., Farmer, S. 16, T. Fife Lake, P. 0. Kingsley. 1890. Wells, Wm. H., Deputy Sheriff of Grand Traverse County and Marshal of Fife Lake, Fife Lake. 1884. Wells-Highmnan Company, Manufacturers of Stave, Splint and Fruit Baskets, Traverse City. Wethy, Ezra, Farmer, S. 2, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme. 1874. Whaley, Thomas, Farmer, S. 8, T. 'Garfield, P.' 0. 1023 Cass Street, Traverse City..- 1865. White, Mrs. F.'E., Dealer in.General Merchandise, Williamslurg. Whiteford. Theo., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 11, T. Acme, P. 0. Acme1863.. Whitson, George, Dairy Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. Acme, P. 0. Bates. 1886. Whitson, 0. J., Dairy Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. Acme, P. 0. Bates. 1889. Widdis, James, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 8, T. Peninsula, P. 0. raverse City. 1873. Wilber, Mrs. Annie B., Farmer and' Fruit Grower, S. 25, T. Acme, P. 0 Elk Rapids. '1899. Wilhelm, Ed., Farmer, S. 29, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1873. Wilkinson, 'Lafayette, Farmer, Brick and Stone Mason, S. 33, T. Paradise' P. 0. Kingsley. 1883. Williams, E. A., Farmer, S. 3, T. Blair, P. 0. Traverse City. 1888. MrXWilliams was born in Penmisylvaimia in 1838 and is married to Flora IL. Rice. Mr. and Mrs. W~illiamns are the parents of eight children, Semore, bina L., Catharine, Synthia, Chester L., Ethel and Mary. Mr. W~illiams' propertj is known us the Spring Meadows Farm. XWilliams, XW. E. Company, Manufacturers of Flooring, WV. E. XWilliams. Pres., L. H. DeZoete, Sec'y. and Tres., Traverse City. XWillocher, Chas. H., Farmer, 5. 35, 7. Blair, P. 0. Kingsley. 1885. Mr.. XWillocher was born in Ohio iii 1863 and is umarried to Mary KovishL. They have eight children, Alfred, Melia, Nora, Henry, Thomas.; Martin, Clara and buella. Mr. XWillocher's property is known as the 'Hill Side Farm. XWilsey, J. XV., Farmer and Breeder of Polled Angus Cattle and 0. 1. C. * Hogs, 5. 22, T. Paradise, P. 0. Summit City. 1881. Wilson, F. WV., Register of Deeds for Grand Traverse County, Traverse * City. Wilsomi R. A., Farmer and Breeder of Short Horn Cattle, S. 12, T. Paradise, P. 0. Kingsley. 1880. Mr. Wilson was born in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, in 1880. Winnie, I. M., Timber and Saw Mills, Traverse City. Wislen, Alfred, Farmer and Hotel Proprietor, Walton. 1899. 'Worden, XW. A., Farmer and Breeder of Shropshire Sheep, S. 33, iT. Whitewater, P. 0. Williamsburg. 1868. Mr. Worden was born in -Michigan in 1846 and is married to Jennie Haze. Mr. WXordei~S property is known as the Maple Grove Farm. Wrightman, John, Farmner, S. 18, T. East Bay, P 0. Traverse City. 1898-. Widrig, Geo., Farmer, S. 29, T. Blair,' P. 0. Grawn.; 1878. Mr. Widnig was born in Michigan iml 1861, is married to Hattie Crumback andthey have two children, Frank and Lottie. W\urzburg, W. F., Blacksmith, Kingsley. 1893. Wynkoop, Avery, Produce Buyer, Kingsley. 1876. Wiyse, Henry, Dairyman, S. 25, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 190&.. Yack, Geo., Farmer, S. 2, T. Acnme, P. 0. Acnme. 1894. Yonker, John H., Farmer, S. 30, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City. 1868 -Mr. Yonker is a native of Grand Traverse County, Michigan, and was born in 1868. Yonker, William D., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Garfield, P. Gi Traverse City. 1875. Yingling, Louis, Farmer and Cattle Buyer, S. 3, T. Paradise, P. 0: Kingsley. 1885. Zech, L., Farmer, S. 14, T. Garfield, P. 0. Traverse City.- 1893. Ziegler, Henry, Farmer, S. 16, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1878. Ziegler, John, Farmier and Fruit Grower, S. 30, T. Peninsula, P. 0Q Traverse City. 1881. Zimmerman, Geo., Farmer, S. 20,.T. Garfield, P.. 0. Traverse Citv. 1870. Zinimerman, J. W., Stock Buyer, 202 S. Division Street, Traverse City. 1870. Zinimmernian, Peter, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. East Bay, P. 0. Traverse City. 1870. Zoulek, Antoine, Farmer, Fruit Grower and Threshing Machine 'Operator, 3. 15, T. Peninsula, P. 0. Traverse City. 1872.

Page  85 .,^ ~ SILL.USTRTIOtNS PAGE 85 PUBLIC LIBRARY, TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN. CORNER OF CASS AND FRONT STREETS, TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN. WILHELM BUILDING, Corner of Union and Front Streets, TRAVERSEI CITY, MICHIGAN. ELK RAPIDS'SAVINGS BANK, ELK RAPIDS, MICHIGAN. BOARDMAN AVE. SCHOOL, TRAVtRSE CITY, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF THOS. MORAN. GRAND TRAVERSE COUNTY COURT HOUSE, TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF A. S. PRAY. RESIDENCE OF THEO. GIETZEN. RESIDENCE OF KOSSUTH STITES, Proprietor, Elk Terrace Farm. RESIDENCE OF G. E. DEGRAW. RESIDENCE OF TETER WEB EA. RESIDENCE OF PETER PAHL. RESIDENCE OF C. W. BUNCE. RESIDENCE OF CHRIST WEBER.

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Page  87 : ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE 87 a E. P. WATERMAN, L. K. CLEVELAND. County Surveyor, TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN. J. W. HILLIKER. E. Y. LINDERMAN. E. L. SPRAGUE, (Deceased), Founder of the Daily Eagle aild Traverse Bay Eagle. WESLEY DUNN. CHAS. E.. MANVILLE. ASHLEY B. CURTIS. WILLIAM BRAKEL. EDWARD COX. THOMAS MORAN. ABE SAUNDERS. FRED. W. SKINNER. G. E. HODGES. D. B. NEWCOMB. MR. AND MRS. WM. HEIM. MR. AND MRS. WILLIS D. RAMSAY. MR. AND MRS. R. A. WILSON.. MR. AND MRS. W. I. AUYER. MR. AND MRS. LAFAYUTTE 0. RICK9RD. MR. AND MRS. BALTZER MUEHLING. W. A. WORDEN. MR. AND MRS. AUGUSTUS J< BARRATT.

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Page  89 & ILILAJ TRATIONS PAGE 89 (I EMMOR 0. LADD. W. H. DIXON. UPSALL COX. C. F. 0. NELSON. GENA A. SHEARER. MR. AND MRS. A. J. ALBRIGHT. JOHN H. MCCOMBS. M. T. MOORE AND SON, E. A. MOORE, MRS. E. A. MOORE, AND DAUGHTER, ELAIRE. W. E. BRACEBRIDGE. WILLIAM KRATOCHVIL. TAPP HARTLINE. EDWARD S. HOCH. C. L. PORTER. HENRY E. DAVIS. WALTER STOCKFISCH. MR. AND MRS. ANDREW GILMORE. MR. AND MRS. CHAS. DEAN. P. F. LARDIE. MR. AND MRS. ARCHIE McINTYRE. MR. AND MRS. E. E. DURYEA AND DAUGHTERS, HAZEL AND NILA. M. HAMLIN AND FAMILY. WENCIL KRATOCHVIL AND FAMILY. GEORGE L. C"RISP..0

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Page  91 *-ILLUSTRfATIONS PAGE 91 tS HOME OF LOWELL SOURS. RESIDENCE OF RALPH KREISER. POPLAR GROVE, "SOURS PLACE, 1855." Residence of 0. J. Benson. Residence of Frank E. Sours. RESIDENCE OF B. A. BENSON. PRESENT RESIDENCE OF JOSEPH WEBER, Built in 1900. FIRST HOME OF JOSEPH WEBER, Built in July, 1881. RESIDENCE OF P. F. LARDIE. RESIDENCE OF JOHN KENNEDY, Sunny Slope Farm. STORE OF A. G. BRUST, MONROE CENTER, MICHIGAN. FRONT STREET, TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN. RESIDENCE OF MRS. N. KREISER. RESIDENCE OF E. E. CHAMPION. SCENE ON F4RM OF W. M. BAIRD. RESIDENCE OF. SAMUEL W. WEAVER. A LOAD OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES FROM THE FARM OF PERRY FOUCH. RESIDENCE OF C. W. COOK. RESIDENCE OF W. L. AYERS. RESIDENCE OF JACOB WAGNER.

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Page  93 10* ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE 93 0*t RESIDENCE OF W. H. DIXON. SOURS SCHOOL HOUSE, 1867. District No. 3, Whitewater Township. BENT BEACH FARM, Frank Kratochvil, Proprietor. RESIDENCE OF THOS. I. PRAY. NO USE FOR A COAT-TOO BUSY. G. A. Brigham,,-RUCKLUY, MICHIGAN. ASYLUM, TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGkN. EUGENE UMLOR. AVONDALE, HOME OF JAMES M. RUNK. MR. AND MRS. JAMES M. RUNK. R. A. WILSON AND TWO OF HIS PETS. SOME FINE HORSES. Property of VWm. Heim. SCUNU ON FARM Or ANTOINIý ZOULFK. BARN OF PETER PAHL. SCENE ON FARM OF WM. HELM. BARN AND HORSIýS OF WILLIS D. RAMSAY.

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Page  I tnrTIzrrr s'r-a'rrs 3r-...a& s-a sT:% "-Ss.. ~ w. ANALYSIS OF THE SYST ,OR IVMXETIE'S -ILND BOUNS [ 1i P to the time of the Revolutionary War, or until about the beginning of the present century, land, when parcelled out, and liTI l sold or granted, was described by "Metes and Bounds," and that system is still in existence in the following States, or in f ^ those portions of them which had been sold or granted when the present plan of surveys was adopted, viz.: New York, H Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas, fY and the six New England States. To describe land by "Metes and Bounds," is to have a known land-mark for a place of beginning, and then follow a line according to the compass-needle (or magnetic bearing), or the course of a stream, or track of an ancient high- L ast,5o K. L way. This plan has resulted in endless confusion and litigation, as land-marks decay and change, and it is a well-known fact that W_ re t the compass-needle varies and does not always point due North. As an example of this plan of dividing lands, the following description of a farm laid out by "Metes and Bounds," is given: "Beginning at a stone on the Bank of Doe River, at a point where the highway from A. to B. crosses said river (see point marked C. cj 0' on Diagram 1); thence 40~ North of West 100 rods to a large stump; thence 10~ North of West 90 rods; thence 15~ West of North 80 rods to an oak tree (see Witness Tree on Diagram 1); thence due East 150 rods to the highway; thence following the course of the Shighway 50 rods due North; thence 5~ North of'East 90 rods; thence 45~ East of South 60 rods; thence 10~ North of East 300 rods Sto the Doe River;- thence following the course of the river Southwesterly to the place of begihning." This, which is a very simple Sand moderate description by "Metes and Bounds," would leave the boundaries of the farm as shown in Diagram 1. 10 A =q f 3`0 l= X I'D IS H1- ___110 1___ ____00_ tj DI.A.G-SA.-x, o - --aLU RE IN-L "___z]o.t...:... 'The. -te: Li corR.._ _--_ _ --i T-- -U 2 - _ _ _ _ --__ i-o. ST r.......R-1 _ _ýý% _ -_ I_ _________1_LT b - -XPL&fATIOY. EM DIAGRAM 1. IntJf D A, ea, faiiaBi r l Ue __ _ _HE present system _ _0._0_| of Governmental ch. Land Surveys was adopted by Con-I gress on the 7th of May, J 1785. It has been in use ever since and is the legal method of describing and dividing lands. It is called the "'Rectangular System," " that is, all its distances and rj bearicgs are measured from S two lines which are at right j |angles to each other, viz.:+. These two lines, from which,_^, " the measurements are made, H are the Principal Meridians, which run North and South, __ and the Base Lines& which _ run East and West. These __-__- Principal Meridians are es- I __ tablished, with great aocuracy, by astronomical observations. Each Principal 1h Meridian has its Base Line, _and these two lines form the Ijn~ basis or foundation for the frJ surreys or measurement of all the lands within the ter- j eiL ~ ritory which they control. j.................... --P A R 77_....... D-, $ -:::-:;:---::-:'' ...::-%....................."::::!-:::: ' /% - _ --- = IJ " d N- __6:=::-::=:,..,7 - -]: '7 H z B A. PA. N " " %...........L6i.. - R-_J 1 " fj -,m- - = ., _2'" ---- IL - " . _ - " ,ox_ "l_'-- 0--: - - --[ ,-... ".... -- --(I __ ., L.I~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ -= - ---~-- ---,;. ,\! -.._ - o o ...,::: :--- ,...... _=.:?--P- - -_,,o~7T,o AN.o PAR. NO " oo ' TH ENTRE '~cRDNGTOAC OFCOGR~g I TE EA.I B GO,.OGE C., N HEOFIC O TE IBAIA O CNGES A6~TH "rDiagram 2 shows all of the ( Cc-- H i PrincipalMeridians and Base fs Lines in the central portion S of the United States, and _ from it the territory govOL erned by each Meridian and _ > V,, Base Line may be readily *.-I jN cI distinguished. Each Merid\_ ian and Base Line is marked nJ $Ier.with its proper number or oHR name, as are also the Stand-[ rRANKrOuB ard Parallels and guide (or _ OUIVILLE auxiliary) Meridians. O 0! " Diagram 3 illustrates what is meant when this method '=.."o is-termed the "Rectangular LI {i "-.... System," and how the meas- rl urements are based on lines [LI sAsUTvL which run at right angles to0 SS S each other. The heavy line I __...l--p running North and South l M -(marked A. A.) represents \ the Principal Meridian, in LI t. / this case say the 5th Principal Meridian. The heavy line. AT running East and West * (marked B. B.) is the Base L) oG- Line. These lines are used Sas the starting points or basis [U JAo"W- I of all measurements or sur*>. veys made in territory conStrolled by the 5th Principal Meridian. The same fact il S applies to all other Principal Meridians and their Base rJ[ __ _ ~ Lines. Commencing at the LZ~ SPrincipal Meridian, at inter- I2 vals of six miles, lines are Isi ___runNorthandSouth, parallel,r1 ____to the Meridian. This plan 1 __ is followed both East and IL.2 _____ West of the Meridian - throughout the ter" tor ___. "controlled by the Meridian, INGTON. n. C.

Page  II TrTITrrz D r Trs.e rr LAs r s-TrmVnrrr.a I' These lines are termed "Range Lines." They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending North and South, parallel with the Meridia SEach division is called a Range. Ranges are numbered from one upward, comm cing at the Meridian; and their numbers are indicated by Rbm Scharacters. For instance, the first division (or first six miles5 west of the Meridian ib Range I. West; the next is Range II. West; then comes Range II I V., V., VI., VII., and so on, until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian is reached. In the same manner the Ranges East of the Meridi Sare numbered, the words East or West being always used to indicate the direction from the Principal Meridian..3ee Diagram 3. j - Commencing at the Base Line, at intervals of six miles, lines are run East and West parallel with the Base Line. These are designated as Townsi Lines. They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending East and West, parallel with the Base Line. This plan is followed bc North and South of the Base Line until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian and Base Line is reached. These divisions or Townships numbered from one upward, both North and South of the Base Line, and their numbers are indicated by figures. For instance: The first six mile divisi Kj orth of the Base Line is Township 1 North; the next is Township 2 North; then comes Township 3, 4, 5, and 6, North, and so on. The same plan followed South of the Base Line; the Townships being designated as Township 1 South, Township 2 South, and so on. The North" or "South' (t initials N. or S. being generally used) indicates the direction from the Base Line. See Diagram 3. |y These Township and Range Lines, crossing each other, as shown in Diagram 3, form squares, which are called "Townships" or "Government Township _ which are six miles square, or as nearly that as it is possible to make them. These Townships are a very important feature in locating or describing a pi Sof land. The location of a Government Township, however, is very readily found when the number of the Township and Range is given, by mer fj counting the number indicated from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. As an example of this, Township 8 North, Range 4, West of the 5th Princi] SMeridian, is at once located on the square marked * on Diagram 3, by counting eight tiers north of the Base Line and 4 tiers west of the Meridian. f~uL ^3^ ^ ^:::^;:T::''::::'.,...,.....,...,.,.,., ---- ^ = = 1"1...*..**........'*""*'"'**""-'.^E an DIAGRAM & [ -.,.. IUJNGWB WEST OP 6TH P hi. A EAKCES EAST OF r6T P.M. tan V iv. rnj v ' t, I I t @th ILI ýon r -he s 2S 1 ill pce 07. _ j^ ^ _ _ _ - _ _ -- _ x Ll ely CA pal -G_----__4 F__ ' TOWNSHIPS OF LAND. DIA"- - 'L-rj. _____ DAGBAM 4 SOWNSHIPS are the largest sub., d M -=---I.... divisions of land run out by the._0MA..14.0A.Co A4 IF United States Surveyors. In the W% A.......... - Governmental Surveys Township 77 R SLines are the first to be run, and a Township 535 T 4 SCorner is established every six miles and. marked. This is called "Townshipiping.", A I After the Township Corners have been care- o R. fullylocated,the Section and Quarter Section. a0 4 __ SCorners are established. Each Township is 2 R. six miles square and contains 23,040 acres, A. Sor 36 square miles, as near as it is possible 8s5 to make them. This, however, is fre- M% ". to | - quently made impossible by. (1st) the pres- a " J 87 FR.j ence of lakes and large dtreams; (2nd) by ~ A A State boundaries not falling exactly on 90o. I "__ Township Lines; (3rd) by the convergence 47 A of Meridians or curvature of the earth's..= surface; and (4th) by inaccurate surveys. --s.,r Each Township, unless it is one of the 96 RH _ exceptional cases referred to, is divided U-A.I~l \ I7 7. into 36 squares, which are called Sections. 9 R. I These Sections are intended to be one 51 A.- I mile, or 320 rods, square and contain 640 103.2 n. ____ _______ ___________ acres of land. Sections are numbered 3 AV------- "-- ""'*"" " consecutively from 1 to 36, as shown on 1o0.s R.. 8. Diagram 4. Beginning with Section 1 in. -Z s7 71 the Northeast Corner, they run West to 11o 0 R 21 22 6, then East to 12, then West to 18, and Zo 25 0~. 3 so on, back and forth, until they end with 113.4 R. I SSection 36 in the Southeast Corner.. A.- ^M Diagram 4 shows a plat of a Township 115.s R._____ _. ___ V aS it is divided and platted by the govern- i s ment surveyors. These Townships are 119.2, called Government Townships or Congres- *otA. I sional Townships, to distinguish them from 122.6 R. I,, f - il Ti ownshi- 0 A. s or0 or7 iz. - v 1~ Ciil Townships or organized Townships, A. as frequently the lines of organized Town- 126 R. I_., ships do not conform to the Government - - A. -, Township lines. 120.4 R. I _______2.2 SECTIONS" OF,L.A N 1^ ^70 A. I ^^ TAGRAM 5 illustrates how a section 3 may be subdivided, although the "1 A.-1 Diagram only gives a few of the 43 R. _________________ many subdivisions into which a ___ _ ___ section may be divided.' All Sections - - (except fractional Sections) are supposed to be 320 rods, or one mile, square aud therefore seen that in any Section that touches the North o. contain 640 acres-a number easily divisible. Sections are subdivided into fractional parts to suit be full-160 acres-while another quarter of tI fthe convenience of the owners of the land. A half-section contains 320 acres; a quarter-section Frequently these fractional "forties or eighties contains 160 acres; half of a quarter contains 80 acres, and quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, always described as fractional tracts of land, as th( and so on. Each piece of land is described according to the portion of the section which it those portions of these Sections which are not affi embraces-as the Northeast quarter of Section 10; or the Southeast quarter of the Southeast manner-as Southeast + of Section 6. As a rule quarter of Section 10. Diagram 5 shows how many of these subdivisions are platted, and also South side. The Meridians of Longitude (which shows the plan of designating and describing them by initial letters as each parcel of land on the and South from the Equator. They begin at the Diagram is marked with its description. gradually converge until they all meet at the poles. As has already been stated, all Sections (except Fractional Sections which are explained else- it will at once be seen that the convergence of M< where) are supposed to contain 640 acres, and even though mistakes have been made in surveying, (North of the Equator) to be narrower at its Norn as is frequently the case, making sections larger or smaller than 640 acres, the Government recog- 4. In addition to this fact, mistakes of measuren nizes no variation, but, sells or grants each regular section as containing 640 acres "more or less." in running both Township and Range ____ 4]m The Government Surveyors are not reauired to subdivide sections by running lines within lines, and if no new startine points r F _.. V ' iii '" ^, ^y.^ ^ -^ _^ ^-. -^.... j 3A45V WWT 0 7r STUpM. A m AIO3S MAgf OFuTrI P.M. [L FORAC"TIOM"AL P"IECES OFU A ONGRESSIONAL Townships vary q j - considerably as to size and boundaries. Mistakes made in surveying and the fact that Meridians converge as they [li run North cause every Township to vary. more or less from the 23,040 acres which a I perfect Township would contain. See-J Diagram 4. In arranging a Town-hip into _ Sections all the surplus or deficiency of land [. S is given to, or taken from, the North and West tiers of Sections. In other words, all. Sections in the Township are made full640 acres-except those on the North and Ll West, which are given all the land that is i left. after forming the other 25 Sections. Diagram 4 illustrates how the surplus or. deficiency is distributed and the Sections it [ niects. It will be seen that Sections 1, 2, LL 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 18, 19, 30 and 31, are the (il "Fractional Sections," or the Sections LLL which are affected if the Township overruns ( or falls short. Inside of these Fractional L Sections, all of the surplus or deficiency of I land (over or under 640 acres) is carried to the " forties" or " eighties" that touch the. Township Line. These pieces of land are called "Fractional Forties" or "Fractional 1_ Eighties," as the case may be. Diagrams 4 L-A ] and 6 show the manner of marking the acreage and outlining the boundaries of these "Fractions." I Diagram 6 illustrates how the surplus or deficiency of land inside of these Sections is ( - distributed and which "forties"or "eighties" Y.I] * it affects. From this arrangement itwill ',e IILI r West Township-Lines, the Southeast Quarter n. Iy ie same Section may be much larger or smal.r. l " are lotted as shown in Diagram 6. They are lr "fractional S. W. + of Section 6," etc. Of course I?cted by these variations are described in the usual Townships are narrower at the North than at lhe |7% run North and South) converge as they run North Ut-| Equator with a definite width between them and jn!1 Now, as the Range lines are run North and South, l^I eridians will caur" every Congressional Township 1;h than at its South side, as stated. See Diagram uent are constantly and almost unavoidably made ILi!, them, but they usually establish Quarter Posts on Section Lines on each side of a section at the were established the lines would no oints marked A. B. C. and D. on Diagram 5. After establishing Township corners, Section become confused and unreliable, and....^^ _____Lines are the next to be run, and section cor- the size and shape of Townships "a--......... --"~ Yners are established. When these are carefully materially affected by the time the DIAGRAM 5. located the QuarterPosts are located at points as surveys had extended even a hundred ______ _ ___________________ nearly equidistant between Section Corners as miles from the Base Line and Princi- 6...... ""-.... possible. These corners when established by pal Meridian. In order to correct tg ' government Surveyors cannot be changed, even the surveys and variations caused Jthough it is conclusively shown that mistakes by the difference of latitude and.I.~ have been made which cause some sections or straighten the lines, "Correction. i N. E.,14 quarter sections to be either larger or smaller Lines" (or Guide Meridians and 1 4. than others. The laws, however, of all the Standard Parallels) are established at ' 2 \ States provide certain rules for local surveyors frequent intervals, usually as follows: P < to follow in dividing Sections into smaller North of the Base Line a Correction E2. 0 160 A. parcels of land than has been outlined in the Line is run East and West parallel ~0o T )A 9 G.."...e Governmental surveys. For instance, in divid- with the Base Line, usually every 0 ing a quarter section into two parcels, the dis- twenty-four miles. South of the S4 N / f S E. 1/4 ance between the Government Corners is care- Base Line a Correction Line is usually S1/2 f fully measured and the newpost is located at a established every thirty miles. Both ~~~~~established every tIrt ie.Bt o |80A. point equidistant between them. This plan is East and West of the Principal SN f.Mof s.w. followed in running out. "eighties," "forties," Meridian " are N. ' Meridian "Correction Lines"ar of S.. Y S.E.'1/4 "twenties," etc. In this way, if the Govern( 20A.) of S.E.1I1 ment division overruns or falls short, each usually established every 48 miles. S'6of S\V howeve iAllcCorrectionfLin d suc - b fl itoSE s 14o portion gains or loses its proportion. This is A Correction Lines are located by E. J) (20 A.) 0 A. not the case, however, with Fractional Sections careful measurement, and the su- 4 a SSUBDIVIDING A SECTION. along the North or West sides of a Township, ceeding surveys are based upon p ~ SUBDIVID- _-ING--- I~..... or adjoining a lake or large stream, them. [;i 7 c lý ia I 7, 7 I;ý7i rc:i7PU i -=P DIAGRAH 68. VOT 4. LOT 3. LOT 2. LOT If, Ps 85 83 PA 80.5 ij 2 A C ~ - m-i (..^'_ ' ACRES. ACRES. ACRES. 40 0 AC. ACRES. 80 ACRES. AC.ES OQ CK 8 R. 80 R. _______o (d OT. 60 160 Rods. AC. C) r R. 160 ACRES. 7 o R. 80 Rods. 160 Rods. LAT OP A FRACTIONAL SECTION. |n gF71 ~ a^ asi^i^^r^ta ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS, IN THE VEAR. BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO. N TH-E OFFICE OF THE LIBARAN OF CONGRESS AT WASHi!j L6-7-!-& 1 6---J 1 1 w---m t INGTON. D. C.

Page  III SUPPLEMENT 1!L r DIGEST OFP THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT. [I1 DIGEST OF THlE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVE','NMENT,9 WITH A REVIEW OF THE DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE PRJNCIPAL OFFICIALS CONNECTED WITH THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF NATIONAL, STATE, COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT. NATIONAL GVERN I.T T sHE GOVERNMENT of the United States is oue of limited and specific powers, strictly outlined and defined by a written constitution. The constitution was adoptee in 1787, and, with the amendments that have since been made, it forms the basis of the entire fabric of government under whici. we live. The constitution created three distinct, branches of government, each of which is entirely separate and distinct from the others. They are the executive, legislative and judicial departments. The constitution specifically vests the executive power in the President, but all members of the cabinet are usually classed wit 1' the executive department; the legislative power is held by Congress, and the judicial authority is vested in the Supreme Court and various other courts which Congress has provided for in pursuance of the provisions of the constitution. It has been the aim of these pages to explain each of these different branches of government, and to briefly review the duties and powers of the principal officials connected with each department. The President and Vice-Presiderit are elected by popular vote, but the vote of each State is separate, so that a candidate may have a large majority of the aggregate popular vote of the country and yet fail to be elected. The Presidential election is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, when Presidential electors are chosen in and for the various States, each State having as many electors as it has representatives in both branches of Congress. The electors are chosen by the ballots of the people of their States, and all the electors of a State constitute an electoral college. The electors meet in each State at the capital on the first Wednesday in Decemnbti following a National election and vote for President and Vice-President, certificates of which are forwarded to the President of the Senate, at Washington, who, on the second Wednesday in February opens the certificates and counts the votes in the presence of both Houses of Congress and declares the result; and the final step is the inauguration, which takes place on the 4th of March. The law provides that if neither of the candidates have a majority then the House of Representatives shall, elect a President from the three candidates receiving the highest electoral vote. In elections of this kind each State is entitled to only one vote, and two-thirds of the State,-- form a quorum. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. The President is the highest executive officer of the United States. He is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $50,000. per annum. He must be thirty-five years old or more, and a native-born citizen of the United States. The President is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of laws passed by Congress, and has supervision over all executive departments of the government. He appoints a Cabinet of eight officials who become the heads of the various departments, and these departments are intended to be managed arid conducted as the President directs. The President is Commander-inChief of the Army and Navy. He has power to grant pardons and reprieves for all offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment; has power, with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties. He nominates, and with the.advise and consent of the Senate, appoints Ambassadors and other public Ministers and Consuls, all Judges of the United States courts, and all other executive officers of the United States, except in such cases whete the appointments may be vested in the various "departments." When the Senate is not in session he can appoint, subject to its action xvhen it reassembles. He has Power, in certain extraordinary occasions, to call together both Houses of Congress, or either of them, in extra session; and is required from time to time to communicate with Congress, as to the state of the Union, and offer such suggestions or recommendations as he may deem proper. He is empowered to approve or veto all measures adopted by Congress, but it is provided that any measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of Congress. The President consults frequently with his Cabinet, and nearly all important official matters are discussed by that body. In case the office of President becomes vacant through the death, removal or resignation of the incumbent, the law provides that the office shall in turn be filled by the Vice-President, Secretary of State, and other Cabinet Ministers in regular order. "VICE-PREiSIDENT. The Vice-President of thi United States is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $1o,ooo. In case of the death, removal or resignation of the President, the Vice-President succeeds him. The chief duty of the Vice-President is to act as the presiding officer of the Senate. He has no vote in the Senate, except in cases of a tie, or an equal division of the members of that body. The Vice-President administers the oath of office to the Senators. STATE DEPARTMIE5NT, The head of this department is the Secretary of State, who is appointed by the President as a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,ooo per year. The law provides that in case the office of President becomes vacant, through the death, removal or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the Secretary of State assumes the duties of the Presidency. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official Secretary of the President, and countersigns all commissions issued by the President. The Secretary of State is the head of the Department of State and is the chief diplomatic officer of the United States. In his department and under his supervision is conducted the public business relating to foreign affairs; to correspondence, commissions or instructions to or with public Ministers from the United States; or to negotiations with Ministers from foreign States; or to memorials or other applications from foreigners, or foreign public Ministers, or citizens of this country in foreign lands, or complications arising-therefrom. The Secretary of State also has charge of all other business connected with foreign affairs, extradition matters and diplomatic officers; furnishing passports to vessels going to foreign countries, etc., and has charge of the Great Seal of the United States. Connected with the Department of State and forming a part of it in the great work of performing and caring for the duties outlined are the following bureaus: The Diplomatic Bureau, which looks after the affairs pertaining -to foreign governments. The Consular Bureau, correspondence with consulates. The Bureau of Indexes and Archives, the duties of which are to open the official mails, prepare an abstract of the daily correspondence and an index of it, and superintend miscellaneous work of department. The Bureau of Accounts, in which all of the finances of the department are looked after, such as the custody and disbursement of appropriations; also indemnity funds and bonds; also care of the building and property of the department, etc. The Bureau of Rolls and Library, which is charged with the custody of treaties, rolls, public documents, etc.; has care of revolutionary archives, of international commissions, superintendence of library, etc. The Bureau of Statistics, for the preparation of reports on commercial relationrs. The chiefs of all of these bureaus receive $2,100 per year. In addition to these there are connected with the State Department the offices of translator, at $2,100 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; second assistant secretary, $3,500; third assistant secretary, $3,500; solicitor, $3,500; chief clerk, $2,750; clerk to Secretary of State, $2,000; passport clerk, $1,400. Besides these there are the various comptrollers, auditors, clerks and assistants, which number well up into the thousands. TREASURY DEPAUMlIJENT. This department was organized in 1789 The head of this department, known as the Secretary of the Treasury, is appointed by the President, is' a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The Treasury Department is one 'of the most important branches of the national government, as it has charge of the financial affairs of the government, custody of public funds, collection of revenue and maintenance of public credit. Among the many important duties devolving upon this department are the following: It attends to the collection of all internal revenues and duties on imports, and, the prevention of frauds in these departments. All claims and demands, either by the United States or against them, and all the accounts in which the United States are interested, either as debtors or creditors, must be settled and adjusted in the Treasury Department. This department also includes the Bureau of the Mint, in which the government coin and moneys are manufactured. The Treasury Department authorizes the organization of national banks and has supervision over them; has charge of the coast surveys, the lighthouses, marine hospitals, etc. It has charge of all moneys- belonging to the United States; designates depositories of public moneys, keeps a complete and accurate system of accounting, showing the receipts and disbursements of the Treasury, and makes reports at stated intervals showing the condition of public finances, public expenditures and the public debt. There are a great many very important officials connected with the Treasury Department, chief among which are the following, viz.: Private secretary of the head of the department, at $2,400 per year; three assistant secretaries, at $4,500 each; chief clerk, $3,000; chief of appointment division, $2,750; chief of warrants division, $2,750; chief of public moneys division, $2,500; chief of customs division, $2,700; acting chief of revenue marine division, $2,500; chief of stationery division, $2,500; chief of loans and currency division, $2,500; chief of miscellaneous division, $2,500; supervising special agent, $8 per day; government actuary, $1,800; supervising architect, $4,500; steamboat inspector, $3,500; chief Bureau of Statistics, $3,000; life saving service superintendent, $4,000; assistant, $2,500; commissioner Bureau of Navigation, $3,600; superintendent United States coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; supervising surgeon-general marine hospital service, $4,000; Bureau of Engraving and Printing, chief, $4,500; assistant chief, $2,250; superintendent engraving division, $3,600. The foregoing will serve to show many of the lines of work attended to in the Treasury Department, as the names of these offices explain the branch of work they are charged with attending to. There are a number of other important offices in the department that should be mentioned, among them being the following: The Solicitor of the Treasury, or chief attorney, who receives $4,500 per year for attending to the legal matters connected with the department. The Commissioner of Customs, who receives $4,000 per year and his deputy $2,250, has charge of all accounts of the revenue from customs and disbursements, and for the building and repairing of custom houses. The Treasurer of the United States receives $6,000 per year, assistant treasurer $3,600, and superintendent of national banks (Red. Div.) $3,500. The Treasurer receives and keeps the government funds, either at headquarters or in the Sub-Treasuries or government depositories, paying- it out upon warrants drawn in accordance with the law, and pays all interest on the national debt. The Register of the Treasury is paid a salary of $4,000 per year, and his assistant:2,250. The Register keeps the accounts of public expenditures arid receipts; receives the returns and makes out the official statements of United States commerce and navigation; receives from first comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers acted on by them and files the same. The Comptroller of the Czrrency receives $5,000 per year and his deputy $2,800. This bureau is charged with a general supervision of the national banks and matters connected with the issuing of paper money. The Director of the Mint receives $4,500 per annum, and is charged with a general supervision over all the coinage of the government. Comptrollers. The first and second comptrollers are paid a salary of $5,000 per year, and each of their deputies receive $2,700. The first comptroller revises and certifies the accounts of the civil and diplomatic service and public lands. The second comptroller revises and certifies the accounts of the army and navy and of the Pension and Indian Bureaus. Auditors. There are six auditors connected with the Treasury Department, each of whom receives a salary of $3,600 per year, and is allowed a deputy at a salary of $2,250 per annum. No one auditor takes rank over another. The first auditor receives and adjusts the accounts of the revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expenditures on account of the civil list and under special acts of Congress, reporting the balances to the commissioners of the customs and first comptroller respectively for their decision. The second auditor devotes most of his attention to army affairs; looks after all the accounts relating to the pay, clothing and recruiting of the army; the arsenals, armories and ordnance; all accounts relating to the Indian Department; reporting to the second comptroller. The third auditor has all accounts for sustenance of the army, military academy, military roads, fortifications, quartermaster's department, certain pensions, claims arising for military service previous to 1817; for all property lost in the- military service; he reports-also to the second comptroller. The fourth auditor also reports to the second comptroller, and attends to all accounts of the service connected with the navy. The fifth auditor reports' to the first comptroller, and adjusts all accounts connected with the diplomatic service of the Department of State. The sixth auditor adjusts all accounts growing from the service of the Post Office Department. WAIR DEPARTMENT. The War Department was organized in August, 1789. The head of this department is known as the Secretary of War; is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per anfium. The War Department attends to the execution of all laws affecting the Regular Army, and carries out and performs such duties as may be provided for by law or directed by the President relative to military forces, military commissions and the warlike stores of -the United States. In former years this departmert also had charge of Indian as well as military affairs, but this has been transferred to the Department of the Interior. The War Department is also required, among other duties, to maintain the signal service and provide for taking meteorological observations at various points on the continent, and give telegraphic notice of the approach of storms. There is also maintained a Civil EngineerIng Department, through the aid of which is carried out such improvements in rivers and harbors as may be authorized by Congress. The Secretary of War also has supervision over the West Point Military Academy. The private clerk for the head of the War Department is paid $2,000 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; chief clerk, $2,750. The most of the subordinates and assistants in the War Department, except those mentioned, are officers of the Regular Army, who are paid salaries and perquisites. The Commanding General comes next to the Secretary, and receives a salary of $7,500 per year. He looks after the arrangement of military forces, superintends the recruiting service and discipline of the army, orders courts-martial, and in a general sense is charged with seeing to the enforcement of the laws and regulations of the army. The AdjutantGeneral keeps the rolls and the orders issued. The QuartermasterGeneral has charge of the barracks and 'the supplies, etc., that may be required for thearmy. The Commissary-General~fis head of the Subsistence Department, and has supervision over the purchasing and issuing army rations. The Judge Advocate General is the head of the department of military justice. The Surgeon-General, as the name implies, looks after the affairs of the army relating to sick,wounded, hospital, etc. The Paymaster-General is the disbursing officer for the money required by the department. There is also the Ordnance office, controlling ordnance stores, arsenals, armories, the manufacture of arms, etc. The Topographical office has charge of all plats and drawings of all surveys made for military purposes. Besides, these there are the Inspector-General'c. Department and departments devoted to war records, publications, etc. In this connection it may be of interest to the general reader to refer briefly to a fevw facts concerning the Regular Arrmy. The United States is divided for.this purpose into a number of military districts. The head of each department receives his general'instructions and orders from headquarters. The term of service in the Regular Army is five years. The pay of private soldiers at the start is $13 per month and rations, and this is increased according to time of service, being $21 per month and rations after twenty years' service. The pay of the officers is proportioned to their rank. Colonels receive $4,500 per year; brigad> v generals, $5,500; and major generals, $7,500. NAVY DE - TfENRI The head of this department is the Secretary of the Navy, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. This department is charged with the duty of attending to the construction, armament, equipment and employment of vessels of war, as well as all other matters connected with naval affairs, and appropriations made therefor by Congress. The Secretary of the Navy has direct control of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland; issues orders to the commanders of the various squadrons; has general authority over the Marine' Corps; and has control of all the several bureaus of the Navy Department. There are a number of bureaus organized in the Navy Department for the purpose of more thoroughly handling the work, among the most important of which may be mentioned the following: Bureau of Steam Engineering; Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; Bureau of Navigation; Bureau of Provisions and Clothing; Bureau of Yards and Docks; Bureau of Ordnance; Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting; Bureau of Construction and Repair. Attached to this department are also officials or bureaus to attend to the following matters: Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C.; Museum of Hygiene; Naval Dispensary; Board of Inspection and Survey; Navy Supplies and Accounts; Naval Observatory; Hydrographic Office; Library and War Records; Naval Intelligence; Nautical Almanac, etc. Rear-admirals in the Navy are paid $6,000 per year; commodores,,$5,000; captains, $4,500; lieutenant-commanders, $3,000; medical directors (rank of captains), $4,400; medical inspectors (rank of commanders), $4,400; pay directors (rank of captains), '4,400; pay ifispectors (rank 'of commanders), $4,400, In the Engineer Corps the chief engineers are also paid $4,400 per year. This is one of the most important branches of the National Government. Its head is the Postmaster-General, wxho is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $.8,000 per annum. The Post Office Department has supervision over the execution of all laws passed by Congress affecting the postal service, and has general supervision over everything relating to the gathering, carrying and distribuiion of United States mails; superintends the distribution and disposal of all moneys belonging to, or appropriated for, the department; and the instruction of and supervision over all persons 'in the postal service, with reference to their duties. In providing for handling the general work of the Post Office Department if has been found necessary to create four i oreaus, or offices, as they are termed, each of which is presided over by an 'assistant postmaster-general, who each receive $4,000 per annum; are all subject to the direction and supervision of the head of the department. A review of these various bureaus and their principal officials, with the name of the office, will show very clearly the work handled by each. The first assistant postmaster-general is allowed a chief clerk at $2,000 per year; superintendent of post office supplies, $2,000; superintendent free delivery division, $3,000; chief division of salaries and allowances, $2,200; superintendent money order system, $3,500; superintendent Dead Letter Office, $2,500; chief dliv ision of correspondence, $1,800. The second assistant postmaster-general has charge of a number of divisions, indicated by the following officials who are under his control: superintendent' of railway' adjustments, at $2,000 per year; chief of inspection division, $2,000; chief of mail equipment division, $1,800; general superintendent railway mail service, $3,500; superintendent foreign mails, $3,000. The third assistant postmaster-general has 'charge ot the postage stamp division 'and the finance division. The chief -of the former receives $2,550 per annum, and of the latter $2,000 per year. The fourth assistant postmaster-general has control of a number of divisions, as indicated by the following officials who are under his supervision, viz.: Chief of the division of appointments, who is paid $2,000 per annum; chief of the division of boncTs and commissions, $2,000; chief post office inspector, $3,000; and the division of mail depredations. Besides the various chiefs of divisions mentioned above there are connected with the Post Office Department a law clerk, at $2,500 per year; appointment clerk, at $1,800; assistant attorney-general, $4,000; superintendent and disbursing clerk, $2,100; and a topographer, at $2,500 per annum. DEPARTMENT OF THE INBTEIOR. The Interior Department is under the immediate control of the Secretary of the Interior. He is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per year. In this department, as the name implies, is conducted most of the public business relating to domestic or internal affairs, and,'like most of the other executive departments, it is divided into a number of subdivisions and branches. The Secretary of the Interior is charged with a general supervision over public business connected with the following branches, viz.: 1st. The census of the United States. 2d. All matters connected with public lands. 3d. Everything relating to the Indians or Indian affairs. 4th. All matters concerning pensions or bounty lands. 5th. The issuance and filing of patents and caveats. 6th. The custody and distribution of publications. 7th. The, compilation of statistics relating to educational matters in the various States. I a, -k1- -%m I ^ WERED ACCOI4DING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR A. D. 1905, BY GEO. A. OGLE & 00., IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WASH T. r, ' - INGTON,,D, 0

Page  IV SPPLEMENT IV. 7T _ _ - - - ^. ~....~~ -, --- ^ ^ ^ ~ ^ ^ ^.~~,, ^ ~ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ i DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIV-rIl GOVERNNMENT,, I He also has oversight over several of the Government's charitable and benevolent institutions. For the purpose of handling properly the business connected with most of the subjects mentioned, there are bureaus organized for the purpose. The salaries paid to the principal officials connected with the Interior Department are as follows: First assistant secretary of the interior, $4,500 per year; assistant secretary, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,75Q; assistant attorney-general (Dept of Interior), $5,000; commissioner of the General Land Office, $5,000; commissioner of Indian affairs, $4,000; superintendent of Indian schools, $3,000; commissioner of the Pension Office, $5,000; medical referee, $3,000; commissioner of railroads, $4,500; commissioner of the Patent Office, $5,000; commissioner of the Education Office, $3,000; director of geological surveys, $6,000; superintendent of the Census Office, $6,000. DEPALT1IENT OF AGRICULTURE, This department was formerly connected with the Interior Department, but in 1889 it was reorganized and made independent, and the Secretary of Agriculture was made a member of the Cabinet. The head of this department is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The general duty and design of the Department of Agriculture is to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. The following is a list of the chief officials connected with the Department of Agriculture and their salaries, and the list will also serve to indicate the various lines of work handled by and the various duties which devolve upon the department, viz.: Assistant secretary of agriculture receives $4,500 per annum; chief of Weather Bureau, $4,500; chief of Bureau of Animal Industry, $3,000; statistician, $2,500; chemist, $2,500'; entomologist, $2,500; botanist, $2,500; ornithologist, $2,500; chief of forestry division, $2,000; pomologist, $2,500; chief of vegetable pathology division, $2,000, microscopist, $2,500; director of office of experimental stations, $25,000; chief division of accounts, $2,500; chief of division of records and editing, $2,500; chief of division of illustrations and engravings, $2,000; horticulturist, $2,500. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, The head of the Department of Justice is the Attorney-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $8,000 per annum. The principal assistant of the Attorney-General is the SolicitorGeneral, who receives $7,000 per year. There are a number of assistant attorney-generals who receive $5,000 per annum, and a special assistant attorney-general is appointed for nearly all of the various departments, including the Treasury, State, Post Office and Interior Departments. Besides these there are a number of special officials connected with the Department of Justice, such as examiner of titles, who receives $2,750 per annum; superintendent of buildings, $2,500; appointment and disbursing clerk, $2,000, and attorney in charge of pardons, $2,400. The Attorney-General is the legal adviser of the President, and it is the duty of the Department of Justice to give all opinions and render all services requiring the skill of persons learned in the law necessary to enable the President and other officers of the various Government departments to discharge their respective duties. This department is also required to prosecute or defend all suits or proceedings in which the United States is interested. The Attorney-General has general supervision over all the solicitors for the various departments; and also exercises general superintendence and direction over all United States marshals and United States district attorneys of all the districts of the United States and Territories. INDEPENDENT IPEP TESTS. There are several independent departments, which, although none of them are as important as the foregoing, and their heads are not Cabinet members, yet they form a very necessary part and attend to very important branches of the National Government. Government Printing Office. The head of this branch of public work is the Public Printer, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $4,500 per year. His chief clerk is paid $2,400 per year, and there is a foreman of printing and a foreman of binding, each of whom receive $2,100 per annum. Civil Service Commission. This commission consists of three commissioners, each of whom are paid $3,500 per year. The chief examiner connected with the commission is paid $3,000 per annum, and the secretary $2,000. Interstate Commerce Commission. This commission was created for the purpose, and charged with the duty, of seeing that the laws regulating interstate commerce were faithfully executed and observed, and to prevent unjust discrimination on the part si railway corporations and common carriers. The commission consists of five commissioners appointed from different sections of the United States, each of whom receives a salary of $7,500 per year. The secretary of the commission receives a salary of $3,500 per annum. Department of Labor. The general design of this department is to collect, assort and systematize statistical details relating to the different branches of labor in the United States. The:head of this department is known as the Commissioner of the Departmebt of Labor, and he is paid a salary of $5,000 per annum. His chief clerk, receives $2,500 permyear, and. disbursing clerk $1,800. JUDICIARY. The judicial powers of the United States are vested in the followingnamed courts, viz.: The United States Supreme Court, consisting of one chief justice and eight associate justices; the United States Court of Claims, which consists of one chief justice and four judges; the United States Circuit Court of Appeals; and the United States Circuit and District Courts. All judges of United States Courts are appointed for life, or during "good behavior." The chief justice of the United States Supreme Court receives a salary of $10,500 per annum, and the associate justices $10,000 each. The circuit judges receive a salary of $6,000 each per annum, district judges $5,000, and judges of the Court of Claims $4,500 each per year. -'The jurisdiction of the United States Courts extends to all cases in law and in equity arising under the Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States; between a State and a citizen of another State; between citizens of different States; between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State is a party the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction. In the other cases the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMBZNT. The legislative powers of the United States are vested in a Congress, which consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and which meets annually at Washington on the first Monday of December. The constitution gives to Congress the following general powers: To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises; pay the debts of the United States; borrow money on the credit of the United States; to regulate commerce; to establish uniform laws on naturalization and bankruptcy; to coin money and regulate the value thereof; fix the stand ard of weights and measures; to declare war; to raise and support armies (but it is provided that no appropriation for this purpose can be for a longer period than for two years); to provide and maintain a navy; to grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water; to make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces; to establish postoffices and post-roads; to promote the progress of science and the useful arts by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas and offenses against the law of nations; to exercise exclusive legislation over the District of Columbia and places purchased for forts, magazines, arsenals, etc.; and further to make all laws necessary for the general welfare of the United States, and for "carrying into execution theforegoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof." The Constitution expressly forbids Congress making any law respecting the establishment of,,eligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to' petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Congress cannot suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corps except in cases of rebellion or invasion when the public safety may require it. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law can be passed. No tax or duty can be laid on articles exported from any State. No preference can be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another. No title of nobility can be granted. Every law passed by Congress must be submitted to the President for his approval. If he returns it with his objections, or vetoes it, the measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of both branches of Congress. The Senate, or the "Upper House of Congress," is composed of two Senators from each State in the Union. They are elected by the Legislatures of their respective States, for the term of six years, and receive a salary of $5,000 per annum. No person can be elected to the United States Senate who has not attained the age of thirty years, been nine years a citizen of the United States, and is when elected an inhabitant of the State from which he is chosen. The Senate has sole power to try all impeachments. Its consent and confirmation is necessary for all important officers appointed by the President. Its consent is also necessary to conclude any treaty. The House of Representatives is the "Lower House of Congress." Each State in the Union is divided into congressional districts, of as nearly equal population as is practicable. In each district a representative is elected by the people for a term of two years, and each is paid a salary of $5,000 per year. Besides these, a delegate from each organized Territory is admitted to the House of Representatives, who is not entitled to vote, but has the right to debate on all subjects in which the Territory which he represents has an interest. No person can be a representative who has not attained the age of twenty-five years, been for seven years a citizen of the United States, and is at the time of his election an inhabitant of the State from which he is chosen. All bills for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatises. STATE GOVERNMENT. follows very closely the general plan of government that prevails in national affairs. The various functions of government *in State affairs are handled in departments, with a State officer at the head of each branch, and the lines are clearly drawn between the executive, lzgislative and judiciel powers.. All the States are governed under a constitution, which outlines and defines the powers which each of these departments shall exercise and possess. All of the most importanv State officials are elected by the people, but in many of the States the less important offices are filled by appointment of the Governor, by and with the consent of the State Senate. GOVERNOR. The Governor is the highest executive officer in all the States of the Union, and is elected by a direct vote of the people. The term of office varies materially in the different States, ranging from two to six years. As to the matter of salary that -the Governor receives, it also differs widely throughout the different States and is subject to frequent change. At the present writing two States-New York and Pennsylvania-pay their Governors $10,000 per year; Illinois and California both pay $6,000 per annum; Minnesota, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, Virginia and Wisconsin all pay $5,000 per year; Maryland pays $4,500; Michigan, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee and Texas pay $4,000, Florida and Arkansas pay $3,500; Alabama, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas and North Carolina all pay $3,000; West Vir ginia, $2,700; Montana and Washington, $2,600; the Dakotas and Nebraska, $2,500; Connecticut, Delaware and Maine, $2,000; Oregon, $1,500, and New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont $1,000. About the only statement concerning the qualifications required for this office that would be common to all the States is that he must be a citizen of the State in which he is elected. In most of the States, in addition to the salary named, the Governor is furnished with a residence, which is known as the "Executive Mansion." The powers and duties that devolve upon the Governor are about the same in all of the States. He is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of the laws, and is the legal custodian of all the property of the State not specifically entrusted to other officers by law, and is authorized to take summary possession of such property. He is expected to communicate by message to each'session of the State legislature such information or recommendations regarding State affairs as he may deem necessary and proper, and he is empowered to call extra sessions of that body whenever the public welfare may demand. He accounts to the same body for all moneys received and paid out, and presents estimates of amounts to be raised by taxation for various purposes. He has a negative (or veto) upon all laws passed by the Legislature, but it is provided that measures may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of that body. The Governor is commander-in-chief of the State military or naval forces, and has authority to call out such forces to preserve peace and execute the laws when the local authorities are unable to accomplish this. He may require the opinion of the various State officers upon any subject relating to their respective offices, and examines and approves the bonds of State officials. In many States the Governor has power to grant reprieves and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses against the State except in cases of impeachment; but in a few of the States the pardoning power is vested inJa board selected for that purpose, of which the Governor is generally ex-officio a member The Governor has the appointment of a number of State officers, and in many cases if an elective office becomes vacant he has power to fill it by appointment; has power in many States to suspend a State officer, or even a county officer, pending a legal investigation. The Governor issues requisitions upon the executives of other States for parties charged with srime who escape to other States, and he has power to issue warrants for fleeing criminals upon requisition of other Governors. LIEUTENANT'-GOVERNOR. The office of Lieutenant-Governor does not exist in all of the States in the Union, at least not under this name, as in a few of the States this officer is only known as the President of the State Senate. In some of the States the Lieutenant-Governor is paid a certain amount per day during sessions of the Legislature or General Assembly, and in others he is allowed a fixed salary, but it is provided that if the duties of Gov ernor should devolve upon him, he shall during the continuance of such emergency be entitled to the emoluments thereof. The principal duty of the Lieutenant-Governor is to act as the presiding officer of the State Senate or Upper House of the State Legislature. In case a vacancy should occur in the office of Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor would act as Governor until such vacancy was filled by election; and in all cases where th-. Lieutenant-Governor is unable to act as presiding officer of the Senate, a President firo temfiore is chosen by that body. The Lieutenant-Governor has no vote in the Senat? except in cases of a tie or equrI division of the members. SECIK TAI OF SmmAT. The office of Secretary of State is one of the most important offices within the gift of the people of a State, and the office exists under this name in every State in the Union. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official secretary of the Governor, and countersigns all commissions issued by the chief executive, and he is the custodian of the Great Seal of the State. As a rule it is the duty of the Secretary of State to call the House of Representatives to order and preside until a temporary presiding officer, or Speaker, is elected. It is his duty to see that halls are prepared for the Legislature or General Assembly; he prepares the legislative manual and causes it to be printed and distributed; secures the printing and distribution of the State laws; indexes and files executive documents; provides and distributes election blanks; has charge of all books, bills, papers, etc., of the Legislature, and is practically "keepe- of all public acts, laws, records, bonds, etc." The Secretary of State is required to keep a register of all the official acts of the Governor, and affixes the Seal of the State to all official commissions,. etc., keeps a record of them, and is obliged to give any person a copy of the same when demanded. In all of the States the Secretary of State is ex-officio menmber of a number of the official State boards, but no list of these couldi be given that would apply to all States, as they are different in the various States. STATE l AUDITOR. The office of Auditor of State exists under one name or another in -early every State in the Union. The title of this office, however, is not alike in all the States, as in many of them, notably California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and a few others, it is known as State Comptroller. In a few of the States, including Michigan and Pennsylvania, the office is called Auditor-General, and in two of the States the public accounts are audited by a Board of Auditors. In all the States, however, the duties that devolve upon this branch of the State government are practically the same, and a general explanation of the scope of work handled by the State Auditor in one State will apply, except as regards minor details, to all of the States. It is the duty of the State Auditor to keep the accounts of the State with any other State or Territory, and with the United States and all public officers, corporations and individuals having accounts with his State. He audits the accounts of all public officers who are to be paid out of the State Treasury, and all persons who are authorized to receive money out of the State Treasury. In fact, all claims against the State which are to be paid out of the State Treasury must be presented to the Auditor, who, after the same is adjusted, issues warrants therefor payable at the Treasuryv A complete record of each warrant is kept by the Auditor, who also keeps an account with the State Treasurer, charging him with all moneys paid into the Treasury, and giving credit for all warrants paid, and the books and vouchers of the Treasury must balance therewith, as settlements are made between these two officers at stated intervals. In a number of the States the Auditor is charged with a general supervision over certain corporations, such as insurance and banking corporations and building and loan associations, and in some States is ex-officio a member of a number of State boards. He generally has authority to make and execute satisfactions of judgments and assignments thereof in behalf of the State. STATE TREASUR&ER. This is one of the most important executive offices in the gift of the people of a State. The State Treasurer handles vast sums of the people's money, and as a rule a very heavy bond, ranging from $500,000 up into the millions, is required of him; and generally the Governor is empowered to demand additional bonds if he deems the bond insufficient to fully protect the State. { The duties of the State Treasurer are implied by the title of the office, and they are very much the same throughout all of the States of the Union. The State Treasurer is custodian of all the State funds. He deposits these funds in banks, which give bonds to secure the Treasurer or State against loss, and which pay interest on daily balances. The Treasurer pays out State funds only on warrants issued or signed by the State Auditor, or other proper official, and a full record of all warrants is kept in both the auditing office and Treasurer's office. The plan by which the Treasurer receives the revenues of the State is different in different States. In some States the Auditor issues an order for him, to receive the same and charges the amount against the Treasury, In others he is charged.ith all moneys which he is entitled to receive, and then given credit for delinquencies. In still other States the Treasurer issues duplicate receipts for all moneys paid in, which must be countersigned by the Auditor to be valid, and one of these must be deposited with the Auditor, so he may charge the amount against the Treasurer. In this way a double system is carried on-both Auditor and Treasurer keeping a full account of all moneys received and paid out, and their books and accounts must balance, as at stated intervals the Treasurer I must make settlements with the Auditor and submit books, vouchers, etc., to the Legislature. In most of the States the State Treasurer is required to publish at stated times, in the newspapers at the capital, an - itemized statement of the public accounts, expenditures, funds, receipts and disbursements. He is also required to make a complete report and itemized statement to each session of the Legislature. In nearly all of the States the law is very explicit in outlining the duties of the State Treasurer, the following being very common provisions in relation to the office, viz.: That a complete record of all moneys must be kept, showing what is received or paid out of the various "funds," which "funds" must be exhibited in separate accounts. In several of the States the Governor and one or two other State officials constitute a board, which must at certain times examine and check up the accounts, books and vouchers of the State Treasurer and ascertain the amount of funds in the Treasury. SATTORNE YVGEINERAL, The Attorney-General, as the name implies, is the general legal counsel or lawyer for the various branches of the State government. In all of the States the powers and duties of the Attorney-General are very similar. It is his duty to appear for the State in all actions and proceedings in the Supreme Court in which the State has an interest; to institute and prosecute in all courts all actions, either for or against a State officer, in which the State has an interest; to consult with and advise the various county or state's attorneys in matters relating to their official duties, and when public interest requires he assists them in criminal prosecutions. It is his duty to consult with and advise the Governor and other State officers, and give, when requested, written opinions on legal or constitutional questions relating to their official duties, and to give written opinions when requested by the Legislature or any committee thereof. It is also his duty ':- prepare, when necessary, drafts for contracts or other writings relating to subjects in which the State is interested. He is required to enforce the proper application of funds appropriated to the variou' qtate institutions, and prosecute breaches of trust in the administration of the same; and when r WWMXUAft ETEED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR A.D. 1905o BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFICE 01 THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS AT WASHINGTON. D..

Page  V SUPPLEMENT V. U Ii I DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT. necessary prosecute corporations for failure or refusal to comply with the laws; to prosecute official bonds of delinquent officers or corporations in which the State has an interest. The Attorney-General is required to keep a record of all actions, complaints, opinions, etc. STATE SUPERINTENDENT OR SUPERINT.ENDENT OF PUBtIC INSTRUCTION. This is an office which exists in nearly every State in the Union. In three or four of the States the management of the educational interests of the State is vested in a State Board of Education, but in these cases the secretary of the board assumes most of the detail work that in most of the States devolve upon the State Superintendent. The full title given to this office is not the same in all of the States, but it is generally called "State Superintendent of Public Instruction or Public Schools." In Ohio, Maine and Rhode Island, and a few others, the office is termed Commissioner of Schools." The duties of the State Superintendent are very much alike in all of the States, as he is charged with a general supervision over the educational interests of the State and of the public schools. In many States his authority is not limited to the public schools, and he is authorized by law to demand full reports from all colleges, academies or private schools. It is his duty to secure at regular intervals reports from all such educational institutions and file all papers, reports and documents transmitted to him by local or county school officers. He is the general adviser and assistant of the various county superintendents or school officers, to whom he must give, when requested, his written opinion upon questions arising under the school law. It is also his duty to hear and determine controversies arising under the school laws coming to him by appeal from a county superintendent or school official. He prepares and distributes school registers, school blanks, etc., and is generally given the power to make such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry into efficient and uniform effect the provisions of the laws relating to schools. The State Superintendent is required to make a detailed report to each regular session of the State Legislature, showing an abstract of the common school reports; a statement of the condition of public schools and State educational institutions; the amount of money collected and expended, and all other matters relating to the schools or school funds that have been reported to him. He is forbidden from becoming interested in the sale of any school furniture, book or apparatus. STATIE LIBRARIAN. In nearly all of the States the laws provide for a State officer under the title of "State Librarian." As a rule the office is filled by appointment of the Governor, although in a few States it is an elective office and is filled by direct vote of the people. The State Librarian is the custodian of all the books and property belonging to the State Library, and is required to give a bond for the prope-r discharge of his duties and safekeeping of the property intrusted to his care, as in many of the States the State Library is an immensely important and valuable collection. In some of the States the Supreme Court judges prescribe all library rules and regulations. In others they have a Library Board of Trustees, which is sometimes made up of the Governor and certain other State officials, who constitute a board of commissioners for the management of the State Library. ADJUTANT-GENERAL. In nearly all of the.States provision is made for an Adjutant-General, who is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The name of the office implies the branch of work which is handled by its incumbent. It is the duty of the Adjutant-General to issue and transmit all orders of the Commander-in-Chief with reference to the militia or military organizations of the State. Heekeeps a record of all military officers commissioned by the Governor, and of all general and special orders and regulations issued, and of all other matters relating to the men, property, ordnance, stores, camp and garrison equipage pertaining to the State militia or military forces. PUBLIC EXAAMINEB OR BANAL EXAMINER. This is a State office that is found in only about one-half of the States. In some States it is known as Bank Comptroller and in others the duties which devolve upon this officer are handled by a "department" in the State Auditor's office. The general duties and plan of conducting this work, in many respects, is very similar, but there is a great difference between the various States in the officers who attend to it. Where this is made a separate State office, generally speaking, the reauirements are that he must be a skilled accountant and expert book keeper, and cannot be an officer of any of the public instituitions, nor interested in any of the financial corporations which it may be his duty to examine. He is charged with the duty of visiting and inspecting the financial accounts and standing of certain corporations and institutions organized under the State laws. In several of the States it is also made his duty to visit certain county officials at stated intervals, and inspect their books and accounts, and e-force a uniform system of bookkeeping by State and county officers. COIMMIISSIONER OR SUPERINTENDENT OP INSURANCE. In all of the States of the Union the department relating to insurance has grown to be an important branch of State government. The method of controlling the insurance business differs materially in many of the States, although they are all gradually moving in the same direction, viz., creating a department or State office in which. all matters relating to insurance and insurance companies are attended to. In former years, in nearly all of the States, the insurance business formed a department in the State Auditor's office, and was handled by him or his appointees. Now, however, in nearly all the Northern States and many of the Southern States, they have a separate and distinct insurance department, the head of which is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The duties and powers of the insurance department of the various States are very similar. A general provision is that the head of this dewartment must be experienced in insurance matters, and he is prohibited from holding an interest in any insurance company. The Commissioner or Superintendent of Insurance has extensive powers concerning insurance matters, and it is his duty to see that all laws respecting and regulating insurance and insurance companies are faithfully observed; he issues licenses to insurance companies, and it is his duty to revoke the license of any company not conforming to the law. Reports are made to him at stated times by the various companies, and he has power to examine fully into their condition, assets, etc. He files in his office the various documents relating to insurance companies, together with their statements, etc., and at regular intervals makes full reports to the Governor or Legislature. COMIMISSIONER OF LABOR STATISTICS. In several of the States a "Commissioner of Labor Statistics" is appointed by the Governor, who is the head of what may be termed the labor bureau. In a great majority of the States; however, this branch of work is taken care of by a board of labor commissioners, a bureau of statistics or by the State Auditor and his appointees. The general design of this bureau or commission is to collect, assort and systematize, and present in regular reports to the Legislature, statistical details relating to the different departments of labor in the State, and make such recommendations as may be deemed proper and necessary concerning the commercial, industrial, social, educational and sanitary conditions of the laboring classes. OTHSER STATE OFFICERS. In all of the States there exist one or more other State officers in addition to those already mentioned, which are made necessary by local condition or local business interests. It is, therefore, unnecessary to mention any of these at length in this article. It may be stated, however, that in all of the States may be found two or more of the following State officers, and further, that each one of the following-named officers is found in some State in the Union, viz.: Superintendent or commissioner of agriculture, commissioner of mines, secretary of agricultural board, secretary of internal affairs, clerk and reporter of the Supreme Court, commissioner of railways, commissioner of immigration, State printer, State binder, land agent or commissioner, commissioner, register or superintendent of State land office, register of lands, commissioner of schools and lands, surveyor-general, inspector-general, State oil inspector, dairy commissioner, STATE BOARDS. Besides the officers and departments which have already been mentioned, there are a number of State boards or bureaus that are necessary in carrying on the complex business connected with the government of a State. The following list of such State boards and bureaus includes all that can be found in the majority of the States; some of them, however, are only found in a few of the States, because they are of a local nature and are only made necessary by the existence of certain local conditions or business interests. It will also be observed that some of the boards named cover the same line of work that has already been mentioned as belonging, to some State officer. This grows from the fact that a few of the States place the management of certain lines of work in the hands of a State board, while in others, instead of having a State board they delegate the powers and duties to a single State official. All of the States, however, have a number of the State boards mentioned in this list, the names of which imply.the line of work each attends to, viz.: Railroad and warehouse commissioners, board of equalization, board or commission of agriculture, university trustees, board or commissioners of public charities, canal commissioners, penitentiary commissioners, board of health, dental examiners, trustees of historical library, board of pharmacy, commission ot claims, live stock commissioners, fish commissioners, inspectors of coal mines, labor commissioners, board of education, board of public works, board of pardons, assessment commissioners. LEGISLATURE OR E GENERAL A4SE1MBLY. The law-making power of every State is termed the "Legislative Department." The legislative power, according to the constitutions of the various States, is vested in a body termed the Legislature or General Assembly,which consists of an Upper and Lower House, designated usually as the Senate and House of Representatives. In a few of the States the Lower House is called "The Assembly." In most of the States the Legislature meets in regular sessions every two years, but this is not the universal rule, as in a few of the States the law provides for annual sessions. In all of the States, however, a provision is made whereby the Governor may, on extraordinary occasions, call a special session by issuing a proclamation. The Legislative Department has the power to pass all such laws as may be necessary for the welfare of the State, and carry into effect the provisions of the constitution. The Legislature receives the reports of the Governor, together with the reports of the various other State officers; they provide by appropriation for the ordinary and contingent expenses of the government; at regular times provided by law they apportion the State into political districts, and make all other provisions for carrying on the State government. There is a general prohibition against the passage of any ex Jost facto law, or law impair-ig the obligation of contracts, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities. Any measure to become a law must be passed by both branches of the Legislature, and then be presented to the Governor for his approval. If he withholds his approval (or vetoes it), the measure may be repassed by a two-thirds vote of the Legislature, when it will become a law notwithstanding the Governor's veto. SENATE. The Senate is the Upper House of the Legislature or General Assembly. The various States are divided into senatorial districts, in each of which a Senator is elected-the term of office varying from two to four years. Except in three or four of the States the presiding officer of the Senate is the Lieutenant-Governor, although a President pro tern. is usually elected, who acts as presiding officer during the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor. The presiding officer has no vote, however, in the Senate, except when that body is equally divided. Every Senator has one vote upon all questions, and the right to be heard in advocating or opposing the passage of any measure brought before the Legislature. In filling all of the most important State offices that are to be appointed by the Governor, the appointments must be approved or confirmed by the Senate. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Lower House of the State Legislature, in nearly if not quite all the States of the Union, is termed the House of Representatives. Like the Senators, every member of the House has the right to be heard in advocating or opposing any measure brought before the body of which he is a member. The House is given the sole power of impeachment, but all impeachments must be tried by the Senate. As a general rule, there is a provision that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House. JUDICIARY. The "Judicial Department" is justly regarded as one of the most important and powerful branches of government of either the State or Nation, as it becomes the duty of this department to pass upon and interpret, and thereby either annul or give validity to all the most important measures and.acts of both the legislative and executive hranches of the government. It is impossible in a general article to give a detailed review or description of the construction and make-up of the judicial departments of the various States. The courts are so differently arranged both as to their make-up and jurisdiction that it would be useless to try to give the reader a general description that would accurately cover the ground. In all of the States, except, possibly, one or two, the highest judicial authority of the State is known as the Supreme Court, and unless questions are involved which give the United States Courts jurisdiction, it is the court of last resort. The Supreme Court is made up of'a chief justice and the several associate justices or judges as may be provided for by the laws of the various States, usuallyfrom four to six. Generally these officers are elected by the people, either from the State at large or (in three of the States) as representing certain districts, but this is not the case always, as in several States they are chosen by the Governor or Legislature. In all of the States the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction both in law and in equity, and has original jurisdiction in remedial cases, mandamus, habeas corfus and cases relating to the revenue, but there is no trial by jury in this court. Various other courts are provided for by the laws of the different States, such as appellate courts, circuit or district courts, probate courts, county courts, superior courts, municipal courts, courts of justices of the peace, etc. The jurisdiction of all these courts is, of course, inferior to that of the Supreme Court, and varies greatly in the different States. Besides these, where there are large cities, various other courts are also established to aid in caring for tne enormous amount of judicial work that arises from such vast and complex business interests. The varitos courts are also provided with the necessary officials for carying on the judicial business-such as clerks of court, court reporters, bailiffs,etc. COUNTY GOVERNMENT. 0O far as the principal county offices are concerned, the general arrangement and method of handling the public business is very much the same in all of the States; but the offices are called by different names, and in minor details-such as transferiing from one office to another certain minor lines of work-there are a number of points in which the method of countygovernment in the various States differs. The writer has adopted the names of the principal county offices which are most common in the Northern States, as in the Southern and New England States there are scarcely any two States in which the names or titles of all the county offices are identical. L.UDITING OFFICE AND CLERK OF TE COUNTY BOARD. Generally the principal auditing officer of the county is known as the "county auditor " or ' county clerk." In Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin and many other States the office is called" county clerk." In Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio and others it is termed 4 county auditor.'' In a few of the States under certain conditions this office is merged with some other county office. A notable example of this is in the State of Michigan, where they have one official, under the simple title of V' clerk," who looks after about all of the work which in most of the States devolves upon both the county clerk and also clerk of court. In all of the States a bond in a moderate sum is required of the county clerk or auditor, and he is paid a salary of from $1,500 to $3,500 per year, besides in some States being allowed certain fees, unless it is in a very large and heavily populated county, where the salary paid is of necessity much higher than this amonnt. No county treasurer or member of the county board is eligible to this office. In general terms it may be stated as a rule the auditor acts as the clerk or secretary of the official county board, although in a few of the States the court clerk is required to look after this matter. The clerk of the county board keeps an accurate record of the board's proceedings and carefully preserves all documents, records, books, maps and papers which may be brought before the board, or which the law provides shall be deposited in his office. In th 'auditing office an accurate account is kept with'the county treasurer. Ge, ierally they file the duplicates of the receipts given by the county treasurer, charging him with all money paid into the treasury and giving credit for all warrants paid. The general plan of paying claims against a county is as follows: If the claim is one in which the amount due is fixed by law, or is authorized to be fixed by some other person or tribunal, the auditor issues a warrant or order which will be paid by the treasurer, the certificate upon which it is allowed being duly filed. In all other cases the claim must be allowed by the county board, and the chairman or presiding officer issues a warrant or order which is attested by the clerk. A complete record of all these county warrants or orders is kept, and the accounts of the county treasurer must balance therewith. The above in general terms outline the most important branch of work which the county clerk or county auditor looks after in most of the States, hut in all of the States the law requires him to look after a number of other matters, although in these there is no uniformity between the various States, and no general description of these minor or additional duties could be given that would apply to all the States. COUNTY TREASURER, This is an office which exists in all of the States, and it is one of the most important of the various offices necessary in carrying on the business of a county. It is an elective office in all of the' States, and the term of office is usually either two or four years, but a very common provision in the various States is that after serving for one term as county treasurer a party shall be ineligible to the office until the intervention of at least one term after the expiration of the term for which he was elected. This provision, however, does not exist in all of the States, as in some of them the county treasurer is eligible for re-election for any number of terms. The general duties of the county treasurers throughout the various States is very similar. The county treasurer is the principal custodian of the funds belonging to the county. It is his duty to receive and safely keep the revenues and ol:her public moneys of the county, and all funds authorized to be paid to him, and disburse the same pursuant to law. He is required to keep proper books of account, in which he must keep a regular, just and true account of all moneys, revenues and funds received by him, stating particularly the time, when, of whom and ont what fund or account each -particular sum was received; and also of all mfoneys, revenues and funds paid out by him according to law, stating particularly the time when, to whom and on what fund payment is made from. The books of the county treasurer must always be subject to the inspection of the county board, which, at stated intervals, examines his boce jnd makes settlements with him. In some of the States the provision, f the law relating to county treasurer are very strict; some of them provide for a county board of auditors, who are expected, several times a year, to examine the funds, accounts and vouchers of the treasury without previous notice to the treasurer; and in some it is provided that~this board, or the county board, shall designate a, bank (or banks) in'which the treasurer is required to keep the county funds deposited-the banks Leing required to pay interest on daily or monthly balances and give boad to indemnify the county against loss. As a general rule the county treasurer is only authorized to pay out county funds on warrants or orders issued by the chairman of the county board and attested by the clerk, or in certain cases on warrants or orders of the county auditing office. A complete record of these warrants or orders is kept, and the treasmusr's accounts must balance therewith. In most of the States the law is very explicit in directing how the books and accounts of the county treasurer shall be kept. COUNTY RECORDER OR REGISTER OF DEEDS, In a few of the States the office of county recorder or register of deeds is merged with some other county office, in counties where the population falls below a certain amount. A notable example of this is fouind in both the States of Illinois and Missouri (and there are others), where it is merged with the office of circuit clerk in many counties. The title of the joint office is "circuit clerk and recorder," and the duties of beth offices are looked after by one official. The duties of the county recorder or register of deeds are very similar in the various States, although in some of the Eastern and Southern States the office is called by other names. The usual, name, however, is county recorder or register of deeds. In Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Ohio and many other States, it is called "county recorder." In Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin and many more it is called "register of deeds." In all of the States this office is the repository wherein are kept all records relating to deeds, mortgages, transfers and contracts affecting lands within the county. It is the duty of the recorder or register, as soon as practical after the filing of any instrument in writing in his office entitled to be recorded, to record the samei at length, in the order of the time of itfs reception, in books provided by the county for that purpose; and it is his duty to endorse on all instruments a certificate of the time when the same was filed. All of the States have some of the following provisions concerning the duties of the recorder, but these provisions are not common to all of the States, viz.- The register or recorder is not allowed to record an instrument of I I I' I U A ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF ONG j. YEARA. D. 1905, BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO., IN THE OFFICE OP THE LIBRAIAN~ OF CONGRESB A =WWOMMMUMMI; MIMIllop. I I Illso.1 LT WASHMGTON9 D - Co

Page  VI ýo SUPPLEMENT VI. ==NUB== C)F "'rME S-YS,"rRX4 OF CIVIIL, GOVEHNMEN'T. any kind unless it is duly executed according to law; he is not obliged to record any instrument unless his fees are paid in advance; as a rule, it is unlawful for him to record any map, plat or subdivision of land situated within any incorporated city, town or village until it is approved by the proper officers of the same. In many States he is forbidden to enter a deed on the records until it has been endorsed " taxes paid" by the proper official; he is required to exhibit, free of charge, all records, and allow copies to be made; he is authorized to administer oaths and take acknowledgments, CIRCUIT OR DISTRICT CLERKp OR CLERK OF COURT. In nearly all of the States, each county elects a "' clerk of court or court's,1' sometim'es also known as circuit clerk or district clerk, indicating the court with which the office is connected. In biome of the States, as has already been stated, the office of clerk of court is merged with some other -county office. This is the case in Illinois and Missouri, where in many counties it is connected with the office of county recorder. In Michigan, one official under the name of "clerk "-handles the business which usuall is given to the clerk of court and county, clerk or auditor. In Wisconsin, Missouri, Illinois and other States the name used is " circuit clerk;" in Kansas, Minnesota, North Dakota and many others the office is Called fl clerk of district court; " while in many of the States, including Indiýma, Ohio, Iowa and others,. it is called simply clerk " or " clerk of the court or courts." The chief duty of this official is to act as clerk of the district or circuit court ' 'and sometimes other courts of inferior jurisdiction. It is the clerk's duty to keep the seals and attend the sessipns ot their respective courts, preserve all the files and papers thereoL make, keep and preserve complete records of all the proceedings and determinations thereof, and carry out such other' duties as may be required by the rules and orders of their respective courts. They must" enter of record all judgments, decrees and orders of the court as soon as possible after they are rendered; keep all indictments on file as a public record, have authority to administer oaths, take acknowledgments; take and certify depositions, and are required to exhibit all records free of charge. In nearly all the States the law defines the character of the record books which the clerk of court must keep. Although there.is no settled rule in this matter, ' the general provisions are that he shall keep: First, a general docket or register of actions, in which is entered the title of each action in the order in %vhich they are C.ornmenced, and a description of each paper filed in the cause and all proceedings therein; second, a plain-' tiff's index and def ZIndant's index; third, a judgMent book and execution docket, in which he enters the judgment in each action, time of issuing execution., satisfaction, etc., and such other books as the courts, or the laws m,,3-" prescribe. 1) SHERIFF9 In all of the States the office of sheriff is one of the mst important of the county offices. The term of officevaries in different Statesbeing usually either two or four years, and in several of the States one party cannot hold the office a second term consecutively. The general provisions outlining Lhe duties pertaining to this office are very much alike in the various States, and the following resume of his duties maybe said to apply to all of the vCarious States except in a few minor and unimportant details. The sheriff is charged with the duty of keeping and preserving th'e peace in his county; or, as has been written, "he is the conservator of peace," and it is his duty to keep the same, suppress riots, affrays, fighting, breaches of the peace and prevent crime, and may arrest offenders 11 on view " and cause them to be brought before the proper magistrate; and to do this, or to execute any writ, warrant, process, order or decree, he may call to his aid when necessary any person or the " power of the county." It is the duty of the sheriff to serve and execute within his county, and return, all writs, warrants, process, orders and decrees of every description that may be legally directed and delivered to him.. He is a court officer, and it is his duty to attend, either in persori or by deputy, all courts of record held in his county; by virtue of his office 'tie has custody of the jail. It is his duty to pursue and apprehend felons a.nd persons charged with crime and has custodyof prisoners. He is not allowed to purchase any property exposed for sale by him as sheriff. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OR COMMISSIONER OF SCHOOLS* This is an office which exists under one name or another in nearly every State in the Union. The title, of the office in a great ma ' Jority of the States is "county superintendent," but in Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, New York, and possibly one or two other States, the office iF termed "school commissioner," and-in several of the States the laws provide for a board of county examiners or school commissioners, who are given considerable of the work that in most of the other States is handled by the county superintendent. The name of this office implies the duties which devolve upon it, and they are very much alike in all of the States. The incumbent of this office is charged with a general- supervision over the schools of the county, and must be a -fitting person as to education and moral character. As a rule it is their duty to examine and license teachers, but in a few of the States provision is made for a board of examiners. County superintendents ' are required to visit and inspect the schools at regular intervals, and give such advice and instruction to teachers as may. be deemed necessary and proper. They are riýquired to organize and c-onduct institutes for the instruction of teachers if deemed necessary, and encourage teachers' associations. They introduce to the nadce'" of teachers and the people the best modes of instruction,, the most -)pproved plans of building and ventilating school-houses, etc., stimu-.ate school officers to the prompt and proper discharge of their duties. They receive report ' s from the various school officers, and transmit an abstract of these reports to the State Superintendent, adding a report. of the condition of the schools under their -charge. In nearly all the States they are forbidden having any interest in' the sale of any school furniture, apparatus or books used in the schools. In many States they have authority to annul a teacher's certificate for proper cause, a-ad in general to take such steps and enforce such methods as will elevate and make more efficient the schools under their control. COUNTY, PBOSECUTING OB STATES ATTORNEY, There is a great difference between the various States in the method of handling or oAtending to the legal business relating to county matters or growing from county affairs. In many of the States the official who attends to this line of work is known as the I'll county attorney," in other to the county board or other county officers in relation to their official duties; to attend, if possible, all preliminary examinations of criminals. When requested, he is required to attend sessions of the grand jury examine witnesses in their presence, give legal advice. and see that proper subpa--nas and processes are issued; draw up indictments- and prosecute the same. The county attorney -is reqpired, wben requested by the Attorney-General,. to appear for the State in cases in his county in which the State is interested. The county attorney makes an annual report to his superior State officer of all the criminal cases prosecuted by him. PROBATE OR COUNTY JUDGE. The method of handling probate matters is not uniform throughout the various States. --In many States the higher courts are given jurisdiction over probate matters, and in others they have created districts in which are'beld probate courts, whose jurisdiction extends over several counties and takes in other matters besides purely probate affairs. In majority of the States, however, Darticularly the Western and Northern States, they elect a county or a probate judge, who holds court and handles the probate matters which arise within his county. The jurisdiction, of these county or probate courts is not always confined txclusively to probate affairs,. being frequently extended to many other matters, and -they generally include such matters as apprenticeship affairs, adoptions, minors, etc. In sonne of the States they have both a county judge and a probate judge, and in thesecases the jurisdiction of the latter is confined to such matters as are in line with probate affairs. In Missouri they have a probate judge, and also a county court., con).posed of county judges, in whom the corporate powers of the. county are vested-as the official county board. In Michigan they have probate judge and a probate re 'crister. The probate judge is generally given original jurisdiction in all matters of probate, settlement of estates of deceased persons, apppintment of guardians and conservators and settlemen't ot their accounts. They take proof of wills, direct the administration 'of estates, grant and revoke letters testamentary and of administration, appoint and remove guardians, etc. COUNTY SURVEYOR. This is an office which is common to nearly all of the 6tates. It is the duty of the county surveyor to execute any survey which may be ordered by any court, or upon application of any individual or corporation, and preserve a record of the surveys made by him. Nearly all of the States provide that certain records shall be kept by the county surveyor, and provide penalties for his failure to place on record the surveys made by him. While he is the official county surveyor, yet the surveys made by him are not conclusive., but may be reviewed by any competent tribunal, and the correctness thereof may be disputed. COUNTY CORONEBO This is another county office which exists in nearly all of the States. In the average county there is not much work for the coroner, but in the counties in which large cities are located the office is a very impoytant one. In general terms it maybe stated that the coroner is required to hold inquests over the bodies of persons supposed to have met with -violent or unnatu ' ral deaths. In most States he has power to impanel a jury to enquire into the cause of death- but in some of them this is not the case, and he is given powerto act afone. He can subpoena witnesses; administer oaths; in certain cases provide for a decent burialand can bind over to the proper court any person implicated in the killing of the deceased. I OTHER COUNTY OFFICES. The county offices that have already been mentioned are the principal ones found in all of the States. There are, however, a few other county officials besides those mentioned which exist in many of the States, and which should be briefiX mentioned in this connection. - These are such offices as county physician, county assessor, county collector'... I 'I. 91 1 1 is c-hosen from each district. No general description* of this could be given that Would be accurate., as some of the States follow both of these plans. For instance, in Illinois some of the counties are governed by a board of supervisors, which is made up of one member from each townshi P, while other counties in the same State are governed by a board of county commissioners, consisting of three or more members, each representing districts into ' which the counties in question are divided.The general powers of the county board throughout of all the States is about the same, -except in minor details. It represents the 1ýgislative and corporate powers of the county. One of their number is always chosen as- chairman or president, and acts as the presiding officer. The county board has general charge over the affairs of the county. It is their duty to provide county offices, provide desks, stationery, books, fuel, etc.; examine, investigate and adjust claims against the county, and have general care and custody of all the -real. and Rersonal estate owned by the county. At regular intervals they settle with the county treasurer; examine accounts and vouchers. They locate County roads; determine the amount of county tax., and regularly publish a statement of their proceedings; make statements of receipts, expenditures, etc.; and make all contfacts, and do all other acts in relation to the property and concerns of the tounty necessary to exercise its corporate powers that are not specifically delegated to other county officials. TOWNSHIP GOVER19' 1MLJL ENT* States varies so much that it is impossible in this article to treat HE method of township government throughout the. different of it more than in a general way. In many of the States the townships are not organized as bodies corporate, and in other States in some counties they may ' have township organization, while in other' counties in the same State it does not exist. Incaseswhere IM there is no township organization the law provides that certain county omcials shall attend to the local work, or that work which in other localities is assumed by the township officials. But eVen where they have'township organization the plan of township government in the different States where it exists differs so widely that scarcely any two States may be said to be alike. About the only statements concerning the organized townshi p s that co ul d b e made which would apply to all the States.are the following: Every organized town.ship in its corporate capacity has power to sue and be sued; to acquire by, purchase, gift or devise, and hold property, both real and personal, for -0he use of its inhabitants, a'Dd again to sell and convey the same; and to make all such contracts as may be necessary in the exercise of its powers as a township, In a great many ýf the States the toumship government is carried on after a plan very similar to the county and State governments, hav ing variotis executive officers and a township board in which the corporate and legislative powers, of the township are vested. - In other Stat-es they follow a plan which reserves to the people all corporate and leo) -islative powers, and therefore have no need for a township board, but have various other township officers to carry out the wishes and orders of the voters. Where this plan prevails they hold what is gen - erally termed "town meetings," at which every legal voter of the township has a voice. At these meetinus reports are had from- the various township officials, and the necessary measures are adopted and directions given for carrying on the township business. Still other States combine good features from both of the plans above mentioned, and besides the other usual township officials'they maintain a township board, which is given certain restricted powers, such as those of a review or an auditing board, but they are not vested with the complete corporate and legislative powers of the township, this being reserved in a large measure to the voters, and all questions calling for the exercise of such authority are acted upon at the town meetings. 'In many of the States'the townshi board 'ust described is made up of three or more of the other township officers, who are cx-officio members of the township board, and they meet at certain tirries, perform the work required of them, and report to the tovvýn meetings. The principal officials in township organizations in nearly all the States are the followinu: "Supervisors, "or trustee", clerkp "treasVlrerý 1ý iiassessor, ý1 collector," "Justices of the peace," "constables," overseers, supervisors or commissioners of the highways," and "pound11-lasters," althotigh as has been stated, many of the States do not have all of these officials. SCHOOL D"ISTRIGT GOVEA rq M., E N T HE ýc common school system," or, to speak with greater accuracy., the method of oýoverning school districts, in the various States differs widely, yet all follow in a general way one of two sepTarate and clearly defined methods, being amended in minor respects to meet local conditions and ideas. All of these inethods have their excellent points, and yet it has been claimed by eininent edu-' cators that no one of them is, free from fault and objection, nor has reached perfection. It will be the aim of this article to briefly explain the principal features of the several methods, but it is -not possible to go into detail in the matter of giving the systern of school government that is fol-lowed in each of the many States of the Union. The constitution and statutes of all the States agree, however, upon several points. They aim to provide for a thorough and efficient system of free schools, whereby all the children of the States may receive a thorough common school education; they provide that all lands, 'moneys and other property donated, granted or received for school, college, seminary or university purposes, and the proceeds thereof, shall be faithfully applied to the objects siated; with two or three exceptions they provide that no appropriation shall be iii,ýde or public. funds applied in 'aid of any church o.r sectarian purpose, or to support or sustain any school, academy, semiSL -nary, college or tini-versity controlled or run in the intere. of any church or for a sectarian purpose; and they prohibit the various school officials,from holding any interest in the sale, proceeds or- pro-fits of any book, apparatus or furniture used in the schools in which they, as officers, are interested. In many of the States they follow what may be termed -the "independent school district" inethod, inasmuch as each district, so far as its corporate powers are concerned, is entirely separate and independent.of other districts. Where this plan is followed the boundaries of each district are clearly defined, alid each district is complete within itself. They elect a full set of district officials, and exercise their corporate powers and mana(ye their district affairs within themselves. In this plan the corporate powers of the district are usually vested in a district board. which has ýzeneral charýye of the interests of the district, ness is generally managed bv a township board made-up o? representatives from each sub-district. This board is generally clothed with the corporate powers, hires teachers, provides fuel and supplies and makes all the _:)ntracts necessary to carry on thevarious schools.in the township. As with independent districts, the powers of this board are not alike in all' States where the township system prevails, for in some States their power is very m-tich restricted, and is limited to certain offithe corporate powers' and right to make imp.ortant contracts cial matters, 1-1) being reserved to the people, who decide on these questions at what are termed the school meetings. Tn a few of the States where they follow the township system they have no official board. This is the case in Indiana, where they elect a township trustee, whose duty it is to look after all the educational interests of the township, subject to the approval of the people at the reg-Lilar meetings.. Tn most of the States where the township system prevails the law provides for the organization, under certain conditions, Q ' f sub-districts into independent districts, which gives theili the power to elect their own officers and act independently of the other schools in the township. In nearly all of the States one of the two general methods given above is followed, with certain change-s to make the plan more efficient and satisfactory, and to better meet the desires and needs of the people of the different States. Many of the States combine good features from both these systems, as some of the States have the township system,.wherein each sub-district has its own board, and so far as controlling its own- affairs is concerned, is. independent of all other' districts. But local conditions have in many instances made special and local provisions necessary that are different in each State, and while there may be a vast difference in the methods followed, their aim is th same, and, as a whole, the various systems have accomplished the result of giving throughout the length and. breadth of the Union the grandest and most efficient system of free schools that the world has ever known. CITIES AND VILLAGES. N all of the States the I ovide for the local govemment -of cities and villages, so that aws Kr n they attain a certain population they may be seperated from, and thus manage their affairs independent of, the township in wbich they are located, both as to school matters and civil authority. In school affairs proyision is made for handling the more complex educational interests of villages And cities-the school boards being made larger, and in many cases the scýpe of their authority is very much extended. In civil matters provision is made in all ot the States for the ý organization of villages and cities as corporate bodies, seperate and distinct from the townships, and providing f6r the necesmy o6cerec4p, to carry on the affairs of the municlpality, ENTERFM ACOORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR A. D. No, BY GEO. A. OGLE. IN THE OFFICE OF THE "pig YASHINGTON, D. C.

Page  VII SOUPPLEMENT Ti. GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING yAND BUSINESS METHODS. GENERAL INFORMATION Bnnl[li i Bussiness hg ds.' EA TIONSBETWEEN A BANK AD_ /TS CUS TOMERS. I N si ne life there is no more complex or important relation than that which ests between the business men generally and the banks, and it should be guarded wit> jealous care, so that both may retain the full confidence of the other. Business development in the United States has progressed with such gigantic strides that it has long since passed the stage where it is even possible to carry on business without the agency of banks. They are to-day a necessity in the transaction of business and making exchanges. It has been said, and with a great deal of truth, that in the present day the entire and sole object and result of business is the transfer of credits on the books of the banking houses.; and that about the only use to which money is put is In making small change or paying balances. Business,in the most general and comprehensive sense, is almost wholly carried on by the aid of-banks with checks,drafts and exchange. And it will be seen what a very important part the element of confidence plays in business life, when it is remembered that every check or draft that changes hands, implies the confidence on the part of the party receiving and accepting it, that it will be honored at the bank when presented. OPENING AN ACCOUNT, THE m IST srP in the matter of becoming a depositor and customer of a bank is the interview with the banker, either the President, or Cashier, as the case may be If unknown to the banker it is necessary for some one who is known to identify and vouch for the applicant as being honorable and straightforward, for banks are compelled to be careful in this matter as they subsequently must handle all the checks, drafts or exchanges that the prospective customer employs in his business, so that while the business of an honest man is valuable to them and is appreciated, that of a dishonest man is shunned by them as an element of risk and danger-the same to them as to every one else with whom he deals. The identification and reference, however, being satisfactory the prospective customer is given a pass book or account book, writes his signature in a book kept for that purpose, is made known to the receiving and paying tellers, makes his first deposit and is then a full fledged customer and depositor of the bank. IEPOSITS are made in the following manner: A "Deposit Ticket" or "Deposit Blank" is furnished the customer, and he enters upon this a full description of all the items which he desires entered to his credit, stating whether it is gold, silver or currency and making a separate entry for each draft or check that he deposits. In entering such items as drafts and checks some banks require a separate entry for each item which will show upon what bank or at least what city or town each draft or check is drawn. After having endorsed his name on the back of all checks and drafts he hands the "DepositTicket," together with all the items named upon it, and his Pass Book, to the receiving teller,who examines it, checks off the various items to see that they- are all there, and enters the total amount to the customer's credit in the "Pass Book;" and it is also carried to his credit from the Deposit Ticket onto the books of the bank. The "Deposit Ticket" is an important feature of the transaction, and the customer is required to fill this out with ink. It bears his name and the date and is carefully preserved for future reference by the bank to settle any dispute or difference that may arise. As all men are liable to error the depositor, to prevent mistakes, should always see that the amount of the deposit is correctly entered in his book before leaving the bank. If a deposit is made when a customer has not his "Pass Book" a duplicate ticket should be taken, and the amount entered properly when next at the bank. It will be seen from the above that all chocks and drafts are entered to the credit of the customer at the time he deposits them, the same as cash items. The depositor, however, is held responsible for the non payment of all checks, drafts and other items deposited as cash until payment has been ascertained by the bank. The bank, however, must use due diligence in attending to them within a reasonable time. If a check or draft is held beyond a reasonable time and, meanwhile, the bank upon which it is drawn fails, the receiving bank would be compelled to lose it. What is a reasonable time, according to decisions of the courts, depends upon the circumstances and varies in different cases In cities, where they have a ClearingHouse, checks on other city banks are expected to reach the Clearing-House on the next day succeeding the time of the deposit; but as to checks and drafts drawn upon other or distant cities, a reasonable time must be allowed for them to be presented for payment. If the banker, however, is negligent concerning it, he must standthe loss. Such cases very rarely, if ever, occur, and it may safely be stated that in the absence of any special or unusual conditions for all items such as checks, drafts, etc., the banker only receives them for collection for the account of the depositor and therefor acts only as his agent and as such is charged with using only due diligence in attending to the butiness. ISCOUNTS, LOANS, ETC. THE word "Discount" is applied to interest when it is deducted from the amount at the time a loan is made-in other words, interest that is paid in advance. It is the general rule of banks in making "short time" loans to customers to give credit for the amount of the loan, less the interest. Many business men fail to obtain the full benefit that a bank can give them, through hesitancy or diffidence in asking for a loan; and in many instances will borrow of a neighboring business man and thus, frequently embarass him, rather than go to the banker, whose business it is to help him through such times of need, when possible. This is what banks are established for largely, and they are always glad to "get their money out and keep it out" provided they can be reasonably sure of its return. If an applicant is unable to furnish reasonable security, or is irresponsible or unworthy he must necessarily be refused, but in securing money which he cannot guarantee the return of, whether it be from a banker or another business man he does an injustice to the interests of business generally. However, every business man in need of financial help, whether his needs be great or little, should go to the banker first and submit the situation, securities, etc. to him, as of all men he isby training the bestjudge and advisor in such matters. He may be compelled to decline to give the required aid, but this refusal should never be taken as a personal matter, as it must be remembered that he has other interests to serve and depositors, stockholders and directors to protect before following his own personal desires. COLLECTIONS. N leaving notes or other items for collection the customer writes on the Sback of each the words: "For Collection for Account of " and places his signature below it. Upon receipt of this, the proper officer or clerk of the bank, will enter the items either in the back of the customer's "passbook" or give a separate receipt as the case may be. When the bank receives payment on the items the customer is notified and the amount is entered to his credit both on his Pass book and on the books of the bank the same as any other deposit. A bank in receiving paper for collection acts only as the agent of the customer and does not assume any responsibility beyond due diligence on its part. All banks make collections either in or out of the city where they are located for their customers at very moderate rates. These items should always be left at the bank before they become due,so as to givethe bank time-to give an-abundant notice to the parties. If thecustomer desires to make a "sight" or "time draft" upon a debtor, upon a ppU cation te bk will furnish him with blank drafts. STATEMENTS AND BALANCES. FEW words concerning statements and balances will not be inappropriSate in this connection. Every customer of a bank should always and without fail, once in each month, have his "Pass Book" balanced by the banker. This rule should always be observed to correct any error that might occur and avoid loss and complications. The amount of deposits is added up and a balance is struck by deducting the total amount of the customer's checks which the bank has either paid or "accepted" (certified) during the month. The cancelled checks are returned to the cz'stomer. If any error is discovered it should be reported immediately to thi bank so that it may be investigated and rectified. fLOOT/ABLE PAPER. ROBABLY the greatest factor in the bVsiness world of to-day Is "Negotiable Paper," without which it is not probable that business development could have assumed the vast proportions that it has reached in America; and without which the business of the civilized world could not be carried on. This term includes a variety of instruments, such as promissory notes, checks, drafts and bills of exchange. The bill of exchange is one of the oldest forms of negotiable paper, and has been in use for a number of centuries. The draft and check came into use at a much later day, and the promissory note is a comparatively recent invention, and has very largely taken the place of the bill of exchange as it was used in former times. The most important attribute ot promissory notes, bills of exchange, and other instruments of the same class, wilch distinguish them from all other contracts, is their negotiabitty. This consists of two entirely distinct elements or branches-first, the power of transferring the paper from one owner to another, so that the assignee shall assume a complete title, and be able to sue on it; second, the effect upon the rights of the parties produced by such a transfer when made before maturity, in the regular course of business, for a consideration to a purchaser in good faith, and without notice of any defect or defense, whereby all defenses of the maker (with few exceptions) are cut off, and the holder becomes absolutely entitled to recover. A written order or promise may be perfectly valid as a contract; but it will not be negotiable unless certain requisites are complied with. The following requisites are indispensable: It must be written; must be signed; it must be absolute, not depending upon any contingency;it must be to pay money in a certain amount or in an amount capable of being certain by computation; the time of rayment must be certain or such as will become certain; but when no t.ae is expressed the law implies that payment is due immediately; and lastly, the order or promise must be accompanied by words of negotiability-that is payable to a certain payee's order or to bearer. PFOMISSORY NOTES. CCORDING to the general " law merchant," unaffected by statute, a promissory note is the written promise of a person, called the " maker 9 to pay a certain sum of money at a certain time to a designated person termed the " payee " or to his order or bearer. It must have all the requisites that have been mentioned for negotiable paper, otherwise, if it fails in any of these matters it becomes a contract, as it thus loses the element of negotiability. Contracts may be perfectly valid without all of these requisites, but they do not possess-the peculiarqualities which belong to promissory notes.. It is customary in all promissory notes to write the words " value received" but this is not absolutely essential, as a consideration and value is implied in every note, draft, check, bill of exchange or endorsement. It is the common law of both England and this country that no promise can be enforced unless made for a consideration or sealed, but negotiable instrunaents as a rule are an exception to this. Between the original parties a want of consideration can be pleaded:efense and would operate to de. feat a recovery. It would have the 3an Mffeet as between an endorser and his endorsee; but this only applies to immediate parties or to those who had notice of the defense or became holders of the paper after maturity. It may be stated as an almost invariable rule that no defense will operate to defeat the recovery if the paper has been negotiated and passed into the hands of an innocent purchaser, in the regular course of business, before maturity and for value. The absence of any of these elements, however, will allow a defense to be set up and will defeat recovery even in the hands of third parties if it can be shown that there was either: a want of consideration, that it was obtained by duress, or fraud or circumvention, or larceny; or that the consideration was illegal. In order to cut off these defenses and give the holder the absolute right to recover, all of the conditions named must be fulfilled. If he purchases the note even one day after it becomes due it is then subject to any defense or set off which the maker may have against the original payee. Demand of payment for a note must be made at the place where it Is payable at the time of maturity; if not paid notice must immediately be given to the endorsers, otherwise, in a majority of the States, all endorse ments that are not qualified will be released. If a note is not dated it will not defeat it, but will be considered as dated when it was made; but a written date is prima facie evidence of the time of making. When a note falls due on Sunday, or a legal holiday, it becomes payable the day previous. If a sum is written at length in the body and also in figures at the corner the written words control it. It destroys the negotiability of a note to write in the body of it any conditions or contingencies. A valuable consideration is not always money. It may be either any gain or advantage to the promisor, or injury sustained by the promisee at the promisor's request. A previous debt, or a fluctuating balance, or a debt due from a third person, might be a valuable consideration. So is a moral consideration, If founded upon a previous legal consideration; as, where one promises to pay a debt that is barred by limitation or by infancy. But a merely moral consideration as one founded upon natural love and affection is no legal consideration. No consideration is sufficient in law if it be illegal in its nature, or if distinctly opposed to public policy. If a note is payable at a bank it is only iecessary to have the note at the bank at the stipulated time to constitute a sufficient demand; and if there are no funds there to meet it, this is sufficient refusal. DAYS oF GRACE,-In a great many States three "Days of Grace," as they are termed, are allowed on negotiable instruments beyond the date set for payment. This is not the universal rule, however, as the tendency of late years has been toward doing away with this custom, and a number of States have already passed laws abolishing the "Days of Grace." Where the rule is in effect, however, and it is not specifically waived in the instrument the payor is entitled to the three days as fully as though it were so stipulated, and the holder cannot enforce collection until the expiration of three days after the date set for payment. HILLS OF EXCHANGE. THE "bill of exchange" is an open letter or order whereby one person requests another to pay a third party (or order dr bearer) a certain fixed sum of money. They are of two kinds, the Inland and Foreign bills, the names of which imply the difference between them. The three parties to the bill are called the Drawer, Drawee and Payee. The bill must be presented to the Drawee and if he agrees to obey the order he "accepts" the bill by writing the word "accepted" across its face and signs his name below it-and thus becomes the "Acceptor." The instrument is usually made negotiable and the payee can transfer it to others by endorsement, which method of transfer may go on indefinitely. The following is a common form of an inland bill of exchange: BILL OF EXCHANGE. $600 CHICAGO, ILL., June 1, 1894. Sixty days after sight pay to John Sims, or order, Six Hundred Dollars. and charge same to my account. To HENRY HOLT & Co., JOHIN DOE. Boston, Mass. % CHECK on a bank is one form of an "Inland Bill of Exchange," bu at there is some slight difference in the liability of the parties to it. A check requires no acceptance, as a bank is boundto pay the checks of its depositors while still in possession-of theirfunds, and the drawer of a check having funds on deposit has an action for damage for refusal to honor his check, under such circumstances, on the ground of an implied obligation to pay checks according to the usual course of business. Checks are usually drawn payable immediately, but they may be made payable at a future day, and in this case their resemblance to a bill of exchange is very close. As stated, a check requires no acceptance, so far as payment or liability of the drawer is concerned, but it creates no obligation against a bank in favor of the holder until acceptance. When accepted by the bank the word "Accepted" is stamped on its face with the signature of the banker. It is then said tobe certified and thereafter the bank is liable to the holder. As soon as the check is "certified" the amount is charged against the account of the "drawer" the same as if paid, and it is considered paid so far as the '"dtawer'"' is concerned. The drawer of a check is not a surety in the same sense as is the drawer of a bill of exchange, but is the principal debtor like the maker of a note. He cannot complain of any delay in the presentment, for it is an absolute appropriation to the holder of so much money, in the hands of the bank, and there it may lie at the holder's pleasure. The delay, however, is at the holder's risk, and if the bank should fail after he could have got his money the loss is his, If, before he presents the check, the bank pays out all the money of the drawer, then he may look to the drawer for payment. If the holder of a check transfers it to another he has the right to expect that it will be presented for payment within a reasonable time. He has the right to expect that it will either be presented the next day or started to the point on which it is drawn. If it is held beyond a reasonable time and a loss is occasioned thereby, the party responsible for the delay must bear the loss. If a bank pays a forged check it is so far its own loss that it cannot charge the money to the depositor whose name was forged. But it is entitled to recover the money from the party who presented it. If it pay a check of which the amounthas been falsely and fraudulently increased, it can charge the drawer only with the original amount, provided the drawer himself has not caused or facilitated the forgery by carelessly writing it or leaving it in such hands as to make the forgery or alteration easy. In some of the States the Supreme Court has decided in cases where checks were "raised" that the drawer must bear the loss as they had failed to take reasonable precaution to prevent it. Perforating and cutting machines are on the market which make it almost impossible to raise or alter thle amounts so as to avoid detection, and the tendency of the decisions is to regard the use of these as only a reasonable precaution on the part of check drawers to save their bank from trouble and loss. Some, however, adopt the plan of writing the amount in red ink across their signature. If many persons, not partners, join in a deposit they must join in a check. If a payee's name is misspelled or wrong in a check, the usual plan is to endorse it first exactly as it appears and then sign the name correctly. There is no settled rule as to how checks should be drawn. In nearly all the cities it is an almost invariable rule to make them payable "to order" so as to require the endorsement of the payee; but in smaller towns many check drawers make them payable "to bearer," in which case they require no endorsement, and if lost or stolen may cause loss-as whoever presents such a check at the bank is entitled to payment. DRAFT is a form of an "inland bill of exchange." The two forms of bills of exchange usually called "drafts" are the bank draft (or exchange) and the "sight or time draft." The bank draft is, to all intents and purposes, the same as a check, but the term is usually applied to "checks" drawn by one bank upon funds which it may have in some other bank, termed its "correspondent." A draft is but very seldom made payable to bearer, it being almost an invariable rule to make them payable to a certain payee or order. They are negotiable and can be transferred indefinitely by endorsement. If a draft is lost or stolen, by applying to the bank that issued it, the payment can be stopped, and after the expiration of thirty days a duplicate will be issued. The "Sight Draft" or "Time Draft," in which case it reads to pay after a, certain number of days; is a very common method of making collections to-day by creditors, and it serves the double purpose of being an order to pay to a bank or third party, and is also a receipt to the debtor. It is simple in its wording, the following being a general form: $1000 " CHICAGO, June 1, 1894. At sight (or so many days after sight as the case may be) pay to the order of.... Bank One Thousand Dollars and charge to my account. JOHN SIMS. To GEO. SIMS, NEW YORn, N. Y. END._ORSEMENTS. HE signature of any payee or holder on the back of any check, draft, w note, bill o exchange or other negotiable instrument is termed his "en dorsement.".t simply means the placing of the name of the holder, or payee, on the back of the instrument, thus indicating that, for a consideration, he has relinquished his title to it, and in the absence of any condition or qualification expressed in the endorsement, it implies that tAe endorser will see that the instrument is paid in case it is not taken up by the maker or payor. Where the instrument is made payable to "bearer," asto "John Sims or bearer," no endorsement is necessary to pass the title-it passes with delivery and any holder may collect or sue upon it the same as if he were the payee named therein. In a case of this kind if any holder endorses the instrument, the law is construed strictly against him, and, as it was not necessary for him to endorse to pass title, the law presumes in the absence of a positive qualification that his endorsement was made for ths purpose of indicating that he would pay it if the payor failed to do so. Where several payees are named in the instrument it must bear the endorsement of all of them to pass the title and make one transfer of it. In this case, however, their liability as endorsers is joint, not several. But where two or more holders endorse one after the other in making a transfer from one to the other their liability is several, not joint. Every check, draft, bill of exchange, note or other negotiable instrument which is made payable to a certain "payee or order" must bear the endorsement of the party named, to pass the title, and even in cases where they are made payable to "bearer" it is generally customary for the party to whom a transfer is made to require the person from whom he secures it to place his endorsement thereon. There are several kinds of endorsement which should be mentioned in this connection. The first is the "blank endorsement," or "endorsement in blank," in making which the payee simply places his signature on the back of the instrument, without condition or qualification of any kind. This passes the title to the instrument, and, from that time on, it becomes payable to bearer, and the title passes with delivery, until some subsequent holder sees fit to limit it by making it payable to some other payee, or places some other qualification or condition in the endorsement. When a negotiable instrument bearing a "blank endorsement," has once been put into circulation, any subsequent holder of it has the right to limit or restrict it by writing the conditions over his own endorsement, or, by writing over the endorsement of the original payee, words making it payable to himself or some other party, "or order." This point has been decided by the supreme courts of several of the States. The endorsement may be restricted or qualified in a number of ways. One, which is called a "full endorsement," is very common in the business world. It is simply the act of the payee named making it payable to some other certain payee or order. To do this, the endorser writes on the back of the instrument, the directions, as: "Pay to John Sims, o. -rder," and places his signature below it. This does not limit his liability as an endorser, but the title to the instrument must thereafter pass through John Sims, and it must bear his endorsement before it will be paid or honored. Etered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1905, by GEO. A. OGIrx & Co, in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, 3c 0 /,

Page  VIII rPP LEMENT VIIL I GENERAL INFORMATION rON BANKING AND BUSINESS, METHODS. I Another common form of limiting the endorsement is to enable the payee (when it is made payable to his order) to transfer his title to the instrument without becoming responsible for its payment, and making the party to whom it is transferred assume all responsibility concerning payment. To do this the endorser writes the words "Without Recourse" over his signature, which has the effect of relinquishing his title without making him liable to the holder in case the payor fails to take it up. Another method of limiting the endorsement is to make it conditional, a good illustration of which is the following: "Pay to John Sims or order upon his delivering to the First National Bank a warranty deed to lot 5, block 4, etc.," below which the endorser places his signature. He can also makeit payable to "A. B. only," or in equivalent words, in which case "A. B." cannot endorse it over. Infact, the endorser has the power to limit his endorsement as he sees fit, and either to lessen or increase his liability, such as either "waiving notice of demaad;"' making his endorsement a "'general and special guaranty of payment" to all future holders, etc., but he cannot, by his endorsement, either increase or lessen the liability of any other endorser on the Instrument. An endorser, as r aule, is entitled to immediate notice in case the payor fails to pay it. This is the case in nearly all of the United States, as it has been a rule of the "'law merchant" for many years. A few modifications, however, of the general "law merchant" have been made by statute in several of the States, relating to negotiable paper, in changing the endorser's liability by rendering his contract absolute instead of conditional, making notice unnecessary unless he suffers damage through want of it, or requiring a judgment to be first recovered before he canbe held. In the absence, however, of statutory provisions of this kind, and they only exist in a few of the States, it may be said that to hold endorsers they must have prompt notice of non-payment, and it may be said to be a gqneral rule of the "law merchant" that all parties to negotiable paper as endorsers who are entitled to notice are discharged by want of notice The demand, notice and protest must be made according to the laws of the place where payable. The term Protest is applied to the official act by an authorized person (usually a Notary Public), whereby he affirms in a formal or prescribed manner in writing that a certain bill, draft, check or other negotiable paper has been presented for acceptance or payment, as the case may be, and been refused. This, and the notice of the "Protest," which must be sent to all endorsers and parties to the paper is to notify them offiiAally of its failure. UARANTY. "GUARANTOR" is one who is bound to another for the fulfillment of a promise, or of an engagement, made by a third party. This kind of contract is very common. According to the '"statute of frauds" it must be in writing, and unless it is a sealed instrument there must be a consideration to support it. As a rule it is not negotiable, so as to be enforced by the transferee as if it had been given to him by the guarantor, but this depends upon the wording, as, if it contains all the characteristics of a note, payable to order or bearer, it will be held negotiable. A contract of guaranty is construed strictly, and, if the liability of the principal be materially varied by the act of the party guaranteed, without the consent of the guarantor, the guarantor is discharged. The guarantor is also discharged if the liability or obligation is renewed, or extended by law or otherwise, unless he in writing renews the contract. In the case of a bank incorporated for twenty years, which was renewed for ten years more without change of officers, the courts held that the original sureties could not beheld after the first term. The guaranty can be enforced even though the original debt cannot, as is the case in becoming surety for the debt of a minor. A guarantor who pays the debt of the principal is entitled to demand from the creditor all the securities he holds, or of the note or bond which declares the debt; and, in some States, the creditor Cannot fall back upon the guarantor until he has collected as much as possible from these securities and exhausted legal remedies against the principal. If the debt or obligation be first incurred and completed before the guaranty is given, there must be a new consideration or the guaranty is void. A guaranty is not binding unless the guarantor has notice of its acceptance, but-the law presumes this acceptance when the offer of guaranty and acts of the party to whom it is given, such as delivery of goodsor extending credit are simultaneous. But an offer to guarantee a future operation does not bind the offerer unless he has such notice of the acceptance as will afford him reasonable opportunity to make himself safe. A creditor may give his debtor some indulgence or accommodation without discharging the guarantor, unless it should have the effect of prejudicing the interests of the guarantor, in which case he would be released. Genetrally a guarantor may, at any time, pay a debt and so, at once, have the right to proceed against the debtor. Where there has been failure on the part of the principal and the guarantor is looked to, he must have reasonable notice-and notice is deemed reasonable if it prevents the guarantor from suffering from the delay. It is, in many cases, difficult to say-and upon it rests the question of legal liability-whether the promise of one to pay for goods delivered to another is abnoriginal promise, as to pay for one's own goods, in which case it need not be in writing; or a promise to pay the debt or guaranty the promise of him to whom the goods are delivered, in which case it must be in writing. The question generally resolves itself into this: To whom did the seller give and was authorized to give credit? This is a question of fact and not of law. If the books of seller show that he charged them to the party to whom he delivered them, it is almost impossible forhim to hold the other party for it, but if on the other hand it is shown that he regarded the goods as being sold to the party whom it is desired to hold, but delivered them to another party and it is so shown on his books,it is not regarded as a guaranty, but an original or collateral promise, and would make the party liable. In genera], a guarantor of a bill or note is not entitled to such strict and exact notice as an endorser is entitled to, but only suchnotice as shall save him from actual loss, as he can not make the want of notice his defense unless he can show that it was unreasonably withheid-- and that he suffered thereby. There is a marked difference (n the effect of a guaranty of the "payment," or of the "collection" of a debt. In the first case, the creditor can look to the guarantor at any time; in the latter, the creditor must exhaust his legal remedies for collecting it. CCOMMODATION PAPER. LN accommodation bill or note is one for which the acceptor or maker has received no consideration, but has lent his name and credit to accommodate the drawer, payee or holder. He is bound to all other parties just as completely as if there were a good consideration, for, if this was not the case, it would be of no value to the party accommodated. He is not allowed to set up want of consideration as a defense as against any holder for value. But he is not bouznd *o the party whom he thus accommodates, no matter bow the instrume ".,may be drawn. /foENTFICATION. '-la mere act of ideib - 'ing a party ormaking him known to a banker carries with it no liabtilty on the part of the party who thus preforms it, unless it can be shown there was fraud or collusion. Customers of banks are frequently asked to identify and make known to their own bankers, strangers who desire checs or drafts cashed or other accommodations. In some eases a mere introduction is all that is necessary, but only because the banker relies upon the honor and integrity of his customer, knowing that an improper person would not be introduced, for in a case of this kind the bankc assumes all the risk. Generally speaking, however, it is an almost invariable rule with bankers, as it should be, to require their customer to endorse all drafts or checks which are honored for the stranger. In'this case the endorser becomes personally liable to the bank if any or all of the drafts or checks prove worthless. An endorsement which is frequently made by parties who are asked to identify others is to merely indicate that they know the party to be the payee named in the check or that the signature of the payee or party is correct. This is done by writing the words "Signature 0. K." under the party's name and signing it. This has the effect of guaranteeing that the party's name is as written and that it is his proper signature. It does not guarantee that the check or draft is good or will be paid, but merely as expressed, that the signature is correct, and the only liability assumed is that he will pay the amount in case the signature proves a forgery. Many banks, however, will not accept paper endorsed this way and justly so, for it throws upon them the burden of the risk. RECEIPTS AND RELEASES. NY acknowledgement that a sum of money has been paid is a receipt. A receipt which reads "in f!'" though admitted to be strong evidence is by no means legally conclusive. If the party signing it can show an error or mistake, it will-be admitted in his favor. Receipts for money will be held open to examination, and the party holding it must abide'the results of such examination- the great aim of the law being to administer strict justice. A receipt may be of different degrees of explicitness, as the word "Paid" or "Received Payment"' written on a bill. A " release " is simply a form of receipt, but is more binding upon the parties, inasmuch as, if properly drawn, under seal, for a consideration, it is a complete defense to any action based on the debts or claims so released. Herein, releases differ from receipts. A release is in the nature of a written contract and therefore cannot be controlled or contradicted by evidence, unless on the ground of fraud. But if its words are ambiguous, or may have either of two or more meanings, evidence is receivable to determine the meaning. INFANTS AND MINORS. 7HE incapacity of a person to make a valid contract may arise from several causes, and the fact of being an infant, or minor, is one of them. The general rule of law may be stated as being that the contract of an infant or minor is not always void, but is voidable, and in many cases special exception is made, giving validity to their contracts for necessaries. By being voidable, but not void in themselves, means that the infanthas the right to disavow and annul the contract, either before or within a reasonable time after he reaches his majority. He may do this by word nnly, but a mere acknowledgment that the debt exists is not enough, and it must be substantially a new promise. SHERE are a few well-settled and important rules of law governing the matter of agents and agency; which every business man should understand thoroughly. The relation of principal and agent implies that the principal acts by and through the agent. A principal is responsible for the acts of the agent only when he has actually given full authority to the agent, or when he has by his words, or his acts, or both, caused or permitted the person with whom the agent deals to believe him clothed with this authority. This is a point which is not always thoroughly understood, but it is a well-settled prirjciple of law. There are two kinds of agents-general and special. A general agent is one authorized to represent his principal in all his business, or in all his business of a particular kind, and his power is limited by the usual scope and character of the business he is empowered to transact. If he is given out as the general agent, the principal is bound, even if the agent transcends his actual authority, but does not go beyond the natural and, usual scope of the business. On the other hand, a special agent is one authorized to do only a specific thing, or a few specified things,or a specified line of work. If this special agent exceeds his authority, it may be stated as an almost invariable rule that the principal is not bound, because the party dealing with the agent must inquire for himself and at his own peril, into the extent and limits of the authority given to the agent. Especially is this the case where the party knew that the agent had been or was engaged in attending to a particular and specified line of work connected with the business of the principal. The party, however, is not bound by any special reservations or limitations made secretly by the principal of which he had no reasonable or easy means of having notice. The authority of an agent may be given by the principal, by writing or orally, or may be implied from certain acts. Thus if a person puts his goods into the custody of another whose business it is to sell such goods, he authorizes the whole world to believe that this person has them for sale; and any person buying them honestly, in this belief, would hold them. If one, knowing that another had acted as his agent, does not disavow the authority as soon as he conveniently can, but lies by and -permits a person to go on and deal with the supposed agent, or lose an opportunity of indemnifying himself, this is an adoption and confirmation of the acts of the agent. A principal is bound by the acts of an agent even after the revocation of his agency, if such revocation has not been made public or is unknown to the party dealing with the agent. An agent can generally be held personally liable if he transcends his authority; but this is not the case if the party with whom he dealt knew that the authority was transcended. RIGIN AND HISTORY OF BANKING. JN general, banks may be said to be credit institutions or dealers in credit. John Jay Knox once said that "the exchanges of the modern world are barter, effected by the indirect agency of the credit system, and banks and bankers are the machinery by which this is done." Metallic money and its representative, the circulating note, are only the small change of "Trade" employed in the settlement of balances and small purchases and payments. This fact is illustrated by the operations of the New York clearing house. The exchanges have been about 800,000 millions of dollars during the past thirty years while the balances paid in money have only been about 36,000 millions, or about four per cent. of the amount of the settlements. It has always been claimed that the business of banking originated with the Venetian money changers who displayed their wares and moneys on the streets and thus supplied those in need of change. According to the most eminent authorities the earliest banking institution in Europe was the Bank of Venice, which was founded in 1172, and was based upon a forced loan of the government. Funds deposited in it could be transferred to others on the books of the bank at the pleasure of the owner, but they could not be zvithdrawn. The perpetual annuities of the British debt are handled in a very similar manner at the present day. The Bank of Venice was continued until 1797. In 1401, the Bank of Barcelona was formed. At a period much earlier than this, the Jewish money-dealers had invented what are known as "foreign bills of exchange," but it is said that this bank was the first institution that made a business of negotiating and handling them. The Batik of Genoa commenced operation in 1407 and for centuries was one of the principal banks of Europe. It was the first to issue circulating notes-which were passed only by endorsement, not being payable to bearer. The Bank of Hamburg, established in 1619, was a bank of both deposit and circulation based on fine silver bars. This bank, like nearly all of that early time, had, as a principal object, the protection of the people from worn, sweated, clipped and plugged coins, or coins of certain empires that were reduced in standard value. The remedy generally adopted was to lock up the debased and depreciated coins and circulate the credit granted for them. Various other banks sprang into existence throughout Europe, many of them being powerful government agencies, and in many cases exerted a wide influence in shaping the destinies of empires. In 1694 the Bank of England was established, and there is no banking institution in the world equal to it in the management of national finances. The Bank of France was authorized in 1800. It is not a fiscal agent of the government as is that of England. It does not collect or disburse the revenues of the exchequer but it lends to it largely, while its credits, in the form of circulating notes and other acceptances, have borne the government safely through extraordinary needs. It is claimed that the first organized bank in the United States had its origin in the formation of a banking company without charter Jura 18th, 1780, by the citizens of Philadelphia, and first action by Congress was taken June 22, of the same year in reference to this proposed association. Two years afterward, a "perpetual charter " was granted to the Bank of North America at Philadelphia. In 1784 the State of Massachusetts incorporated the Massachusetts Bank. The Bank of New York was chartered in March, 1791, although it had been doing business since 1784, under articles of association drawn by Alexander Hamilton. Most of these institutions are still running and have been converted into national banks. The Bank of the United States was organized in 1791. The most of the stock was owned by the United States Government, but later the Government interest was disposed of, and in 1843 the bank failed. State banks were organized rapidly, and private banking firms sprang into existence and the business of banking assumed immense proportions. In 1863, the NATIONAL BANK SYSTEM was adopted and in 1864 the National Bank Bureau of the Treasury Department was organized, the chief officer of which is the comptroller of the currency. In March,, 1865, an act was passed providing for a ten per cent. tax on notes of any person or State bank issued for circulation, and making an exception of National banks. This had the effect of taxing-the State bank circulation out of existence. As the National banking system has proven one of the most efficient and satisfactory methods the world has ever known, it will be of interest to review here some 6f its principal features. Under this act National banks may be organized by any number of persons not less than five. Not less than onethird of the capital must be invested in United States bonds, upon which, circulating notes may be issued equal to 90 per cent of the par value of the bonds, These circulating notes are receivable at par in the United States In all payments except for duties on imports, interest on the public debt and in redemption of the national currency. The National banks are required to keep a certain reserve; they are authorized to loan money at the rate of interest allowed by the various States-when no rate is fixed by the laws of the State, the banks may charge 7 per cent. Shareholders are held individually liable, equably and ratably, for all debts of the association to the extent of the amount of their stock, in addition to the amount invested therein. The banks are required, before the declaration of a dividend, to carry one-tenth part of their net profits of the preceding half year to a surplus fund until the same shall amount to 20 per cent. of the capital; and losses and bad debts must be deducted from net profits before any dividend is declared. A receiver may be appointed by the comptroller to close up under his supervision the affairs of any national bank which shall fail to keep good its lawful money reserve or which may become insolvent. While there have been national bank failures, there has never been any loss to Sthe people whatever on the circulation. A suit may be brought for forfeitureof the charter of a bank if the directors shall knowingly violate the law; and in such cases they may be held liable in their individual capacity. There are other restrictions in the law-such as for instance, the prohibi-- tion against loaning to any one borrower of more than ten per cent. of the capital; or the holding of any real estate except such as is required for banking purposes, or the granting of loans upon the security of the bank stock. The national bank circulation has been gradually growing less during the past ten years, as the United States bonds available are quoted so high above parand the rate of interest so low that there is but little profit to the banks in it. All of the States have laws regulating StateBanks and providing certain restrictions, but as the laws of the various States are not alike it is impossible to give a general description of the matter that would apply to all the States. The laws, however, provide for and require State banks to hold a certain reserve, and at regular intervals they make full statements as to their condition and their affairs are examined into by certain State officials at frequent intervals. The laws of all the States have reached a high degree of perfection in the method of regulating and overseeing State banks, and the almost universal soundness and reliability of these institutions reflect credit upon the laws under which they exist. CLEARING HOUSE. T HE Clearing-House is the place where the exchanges of the banks are made in all the principal cities of the world. The clearing-house system was first established in London about the beginning of the present century. It was first introduced into this country by the banks of the city of New York organizing an association, under the name of the New York Clearing House, which commenced operations Oct. 11, 1853. At that time it consisted of fifty-two banks, but five of them were soon closed because of their inability to meet its requirements. Clearing Houses have since been established in nearly all of the principal cities of the continent. In all cities a bank receives large amounts of bills of and checks on other banks, so that at the close of each day's business every bank has, in its drawers, various sums thus due it by other banks. It is, in like manner, itself the debtor of other banks, which have during the day received its bills and checks drawn upon it. Prior to the establishment of the clearinghouse it was necessary for each bank, every morning, to make up its account with every other bank, and to send its porter or agent to present the bills and checks so received to the debtor banks for payment. The balances were adjusted by payments in gold, which became so laborious, dangerous, and complicated, that the balances were settled only weekly instead of daily-a plan that resulted in great risk 2Iln evil. This was obviated by the clearing-house system, througli whiQh tib settlements are so simultaneously and quickly effected that in New York the transactions in one single day have amounted to over $300,000,000,in adjusting which the exchanges were settled in the space of an hour. Besides saving a vast amount of work, book-keeping and expense, it enabled the banks by united aid to strengthen each other in times of excitement and financial panic. The following is the manner in which the settlements are made in about all the clearing-houses of this country: The clearing-room is provided with a continuous line of desks, one for each bank that is a member of the association, each desk bearing the name and number of the bank. Each bank is represented every morning, at the hour fixed for settlement, by two clerks, one a messenger who brings with him the checks, drafts, etc., that his bank has received during the day previous upon the other banks -called the "exchanges," and these are assorted for each bank and placed in envelopes. On the outside of each envelope is a slip on which are listed the amounts of the various items which it contains. The messengers take their places in a line outside the row of desks, each opposite the desk assigned to his bank, while at each desk is a clerk with a sheet containing the names of all the banks in the same order as the desks, with the aggregate amounts which his bank's messenger has against each bank. Just previous to the hour fixed for making the exchanges the manager takes his position and calls the house to order. At a signal the bell rings and each messenger moves forward to the desk next his own and delivers the envelope containing the checks, etc., for the bank represented at that desk to the clerk at that desk, together with a printed list of the banks in the same order, with the amount opposite each bank. The clerk receiving it, signs and returns it to the messenger, who immediately passes on to the next desk; then to the next, and so on until he has made a complete circuit and has again reached the desk of his own bank-the starting point. All the other messengers moving, in the same manner; each messenger has, by this means, visited every bank and delivered to each everything his bank held for it, taking a receipt for the same; and at the same time each bank has received all the exchanges that every other bank had against it. This operation even in the greatest clearing houses only consumes from ten to fifteen minutes. This enables the banks to know at once the exact balance for or against it, as the clerks immediately enter from the slips on their own sheets the aggregate amount from each bank, and the difference between the total amount brought by them, which at once shows the balance due to or from the clearing house to each bank. This is reported to their banks, and the balance is paid to or drawn from the clearing house, thus at once settling the accounts between all the banks. The lists are "proved" carefully, and certain fines are laid fo all errors, tardiness, etc. ] I I Saccording to Act of ~ongress, in the year 1905, by GEO. A. OGLE & Co., in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. Q,

Page  X t.. SUPPLEMENT X, SANZCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN Copyright, 1896, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. The chief aim of this Chronological History is to give in a comprehensive and attractive form the principal events of t unnecessary details. For convenience this history is arranged under-I. Ancient History, II. Medieval History, IIl. Modern Hi From the beginning of the Sixteenth Century to American Revolution. Second. From the birth of the United States to the pn HIST[ORY he history of the world free from story. The latter is given-First. esent time by countries. Ancient History B. C. 4004 Biblical account of the creation. 3800 Sargon I. King of Babylon. 3200 *The first Egyptian dynasty under Menes. 250) Snefru, 3d Egyptian dynasty. Egyptian inscriptions begin. Phenicia said to have been peopled by the "sons of Anak." 2750 Tyre and Sidon founded. 2700 The 4th Egyptian dynasty begins. The Pyramid Tombs erected. 2539 Meria Pepi I., Sixth Egyptian dynasty. 2458 Chaldea said to have been conquered by Medes or Armenians. 2448 The deluge. 2300 The Elamitic Conquest. The Hittites in Cappadocia. Rise of Assyria. 2280 Thebes, Egypt, founded. 2234 Alleged beginning of Chaldean astronomical observations sdnt by Callisthenes to Aristotle; the earliest extant is of 720 B. C. 2200 The Hia dynasty in China founded. Cuneiform writing probably in use. 2180 Nineveh built. 2160 First Persian dynasty founded. 2130 Amen-em-hat I. founds 12th Egyptian dynasty. 2120 Pyramids built north of Memphis. 2100 The Obelisk of On erected. 2093 Reign of Urieh of Chaldea. 2042 Uranus arrives in Greece. 2008 Sicyon, Greece founded. 1996 Birth of Abraham. 1921 Call of Abraham. 1920 Abraham arrives in Syria. 1896 Isaac born. 1882 Death of Abraham. 1856 Kingdom of Argus founded. 1850 Reign of Ismi-dagon, who conquers Assyria. 3837 Birth of Jacob and Esau. 1822 Memnon invents, the Egyptian alphabet, 1800 Hykos in Egypt. 1729 Joseph sold into Egypt. 1710 Arcadians emigrate to Italy and found a colony. 1706 Jacob and his family settle in Egypt. 1618 Sesostris conquers Asia and Ethiopia. 1582 Beginning of the chronology of the Arundelian marbles, which were brought to England, in A. D. 1627. 1571 Moses born. Male infants in Egypt destroyed. 1556 Athens founded. 1516 Kingdom of Sparta formed, 1530 Expulsion of the Hykos from Egypt. Aahmes I. founds 18th Egyptian dynasty. 1500 The Kossean conquest of Babylon. Rameses I. founds 19th Egyptian dynasty. Arabians subdue Chaldea and establish a new dynasty. 1497 Reign of Agenor, 1st king of Phenicia. 1493 Cadmus founds Thebes. Discovery of brass. Introduction of the alphabet into Greece. 1491 The passover instituted. Departure of the Israelites from Egypt. The law given from Mount Sinai.i 1490 Tabernacle established in the wilderness. 1451 Death of Moses and Aaron. Joshua leads the Israelites into Canaan. 1445 Joshua divides Canaan. 1413 to 1136 Hebrews subject to six periods of bondage. 1402 Othniel, first judge in Israel. 1400 King of Babylon marries the daughter of the Assyrian King. 1394 Ehud, second judge of Israel. 1384 Corinth built. 1380 Kurigalzu King of Babylon. 1355 Eglon, King of Moab. 1350 Israel wars with her neighbors. 1326 Eleusinian monasteries instituted. 1121 King Thothmosis changes the Egyptian calendar. 1320 Egyptian Obelisks erected. Ruth the Moabitess marries Boaz. 1313 Kingdom of Myacena created. 1308 Lethos builds temple of Vulcan at Memphis. 1296 Borak and Deborah in Israel. 1280 Pelops settles in South Greese. 1271 Rise of the Assyrian Empire. 1250 Babylon conquered by the Assyrians. 1249 Gideon, the greatest of the judges of Israel. 1240 Ramses-Sesostris reigns in Egypt. 1209 Abimelech King of Israel. 1200 Proetus in Egy-pt. 1198 Helen carried off by Paris. 1193 Trojan war begins. 1184 Troy destroyed by Greeks. 1180 Rameses III. the last Egyptian native, hero. 1171 Eli, High Priest in Israel. 1161 Israel wars against Amorites. 1152 Alba Longa founded. 1150 Nebuchadnezzar of Babylor invades Syria. 1143 Jepthah judge over Israel. 1136 Samson defeats the Philistines. 1130 Tiglath Pileser I. invades Babylonia. 1123 Samuel, judge and first prophet in Israel. 1112 Death of Samson. 1110 Tiglath Pileser seizes Babylon but is soon overcome. 1103 Eolians settle in Asia Minor. 1100 (circa) The Chow dynasty in China founded. 1095 Saul made first King of Israel. 1093 Saul defeats the Philistines. 1081 Birth of David. 1075 Death of Samuel. 1056 Death of Saul and Jonathan, and accession of David. 1050 Tyre becomes the leading city. Hirhor seizes the Egyptian throne. 1048 David takes Jerusalem. 1047 King Hiram, of Tyre, aids the Israelites. 1044 lonians settle in Asia Minor. 1040 David defeats the Philistines and recovers the Ark. The Ark removed to Jerusalem. David, of Israel, subdues the Syrians. 1023 The revolt and death of Absalom, 1015 Death of David. Solomon becomes King. 1011 Solomon's Temple begun. 1004 Completion and dedication of Solomon's Temple. 9M0 The Queen of Sheba visits King Solomon. 975 Death of Solomon. Revolt of the Ten Tribes. Division into kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The kingdom of Israel established under Jeroboam. Syria recovers independence. *Egyptian History is in a state of almost hopeless obscurity, the estimates of the great Egyptologers differing more than 3,000 years. The dates here given are generally accepted by the greater part of Chronologists. B. C. 971 Shishak, King of Egypt, captures and plunders Jerusalem. 957 Abijah, King of Judah, defeats the King of Israel. 950 The decline of Thebes, Egypt. Assur-dayan II., King of Assyria. 916 Rhodians found navigation laws. 906 Israel is afflicted with a famine predicted by the Prophet Elijah. 901 Syria makes war upon Israel and is defeated. 900 Erection of the northwest palace of Nimrod. 897 Elijah translated to heaven. 896 Jehoshaphat defeats the Ammonites, Death of Ahab, King of Israel. 895 Miracles of Elisha the Prophet. 892 Samaria besieged by the Syrians. 884 Lacedemon settled. Legislation of Lycurgus at Sparta. Assur-natsir-pal King of Assyria. 880 The Assyrians again invade Babylonia. 878 Carthage founded by Dido the Tyrian. 875 Sardanapalus I. of Assyria. 870 The Assyrians conquer Phenicia. 860 Assyrian conquest under Shalmaneser. Hazael attacks Israel. 846 Lycurgus flourishes. Olympic games revived in Elis, Greece. 834 Assyria conquers Tarsus. 820 Babylon becomes subject to Assyria. 800 The Egyptians the most powerful nation on the sea. Eolian colonies established. 794 Ionian colonies established. 776 Commencement of the Olyml,', First authentic date in Greek history. 760 The Etruscans in Campania. 753 Rome founded by Romulus. 752 Athens establishes decennial instead of perpetual Archons. 750 Sabine war follows the abduction of the Sabine women. Ethiopia independent. 747 Babylon independent of Nineveh. League between Romans and Sabines. 745 Pul assumes the name of Tiglath Pileser and founds the 2nd Assyrian Empire. Assyria invades Palestine. 743 Messenian wars. Sparta victorious. 741 Pekah, King of Israel, besieges Jerusalem. 740 Tiglath Pileser destroys Syria. Israel forms an alliance with Syria against Judah. Syria becomes subject to Assyria. 730 Shalmaneser subdues Israel. 726 Hezekiah abolishes idolatry in Judah. 723 Shalmaneser IV. invades Phenicia. 721 Assyrians invest Samaria and carry the Ten Tribes into captivity. The Kingdom of Israel destroyed. 717 Assyrians totally defeat the Hittites. 716 Assassination of Romulus. 715 Numa Pompilius, King of Rome. 713 Sennacherib, the Assyrian, invades Egypt. 710 Sennacherib invades Judah. 185,000 Assyrians destroyed in one night by an angel. 709 Sargon of Assyria conquers Babylon. 698 Manasseh, King of Judah. Gross idolatry in Judah. 690 Gyges founds the 3rd Lydian dynasty. 686 Egypt divided betweeen 12 Kings. 685-668 Second Messenian War, under Aristomenes. -684 Archonship at Athens made annual. 681 Esar-haddon King of Assyria. Babylon becomes the second capital. 683 Creon becomes first annual archon of Athens. 678 Samaria colonized by Assyrians. 672 Assyria conquers Egypt. 671 Psammeticus reigns in Egypt and encourages intercourse with the Greeks. 670 Alban invasion and battles of the Horath and Curiatii. Rise of Magaria, Greece. 667-625 Reign of Assur-bani-pal, King of Assyria. 665 Sea fight between Corinth and Corcyra. Tullius Hostillius defeats the Albans and destroys Alba Longa. 662 Thebes destroyed by Assyrians. 660 Messany, Italy founded. Buddha. 659 Byzantium founded by Megarians under Bysas. 655 Bacchiadac expelled from Greece. 650 Median Monarchy founded. 645 Egypt independent of Assyria. 642 Kaianite dynasty, Media, founded by Cyaxzares. 641 Cyrene founded. 640 Ancus Martius reigns in Rome. Invasion of Scythians who subjugate Persia. Ostia, Italy, founded. Religious reformation under Josiah, King of Judah. 632 Invasion of Assyria by the Scythians. 625 Babylon independent under Nabopolassar. Nineveh taken by the Medes. Assyrian Empire Ends. Periander at Corinth. 624 Legislation of Draco, Archon at Athens. In repairing the temple at Jerusalem, Hilkiah discovers the Book of the law, and Josiah keeps a solemn passover. Jeremiah prophet. 623 Passover. The Ark restored. 616 Tarquinius Priscus begins to reign!n Rome. 615 The Capitol, Rome, begun in honor of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. Pharaoh Necho II. Egypt, circumnavigates Africa. 610 Battle of Megiddo. Death of Josiah. Necho II. Egypt, attempts to cut a canal across the Isthmus of Suez. Failure after a loss of over 100,000 men. 605 The Circus Maximus, Rome, is erected. Necho II. of Egypt defeated by Nebuchadnezzar. Jeremiah's prophecy of the seventy years' captivity. Nebuchadnezzar takes Jerusalem. Jehoiakim, his vassal. 603 Daniel prophesies at Babylon. 602 Jehoiakim revolts from Babylon, 600 The Cloace Maxime (great sewers) of Rome are built. 598 Capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. Second captivity. 597 Zedekiah made King over the remnant of Judah. 596 Persians invade Syria, and Syria continues a subject of Persia for three centuries. 594 Code of Solon at Athens published. 590 The seven wise men of Greece flourish, Solon, Periander, Pittacus, Chilon, Thales, Cleobulus and Bias. War between Media and Lydia. B. C. 588 The Pythian games begin to be celebrated every five years. Jerusalem, having rebelled against Babylon, is besieged by Nebuchadnezzar. 587 Nebuchadnezzar invades Phenicia. Golden image set up. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego thrown into a furnace. Prophecies of Obadiah. 586 Jerusalem taken and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. End of the kingdom of Judah. 585 Death of Periander, tyrant of Athens forty years. Treaty between Media and Lydia. 580 Copper money coined at Rome. 579 Nebuchadnezzar takes Tyre. 578 Accession of Servius Tullius, Rome. 575 Civil war in Egypt. 570 Amasis reigns in Egypt. 569 Egypt conquered by Nebuchadnezzar. 566 The first census of Rome taken-84,700 inhabitants. 562 Death of Nebuchadnezzar. Nabonidos King of Babylon. 560 Pisistratus becomes tyrant of Athens. Confucius and Zoroaster. Esop's fables. 559 Anacreon begins to be known. Persian Empire founded by Cyrus. 556 Birth of Simonides (died B. C. 467.) 554 Conquest of Lydia and capture of Cresus by Cyrus. 549 Death of Phalaris, tyrant of Agrigentum. 546 Fall of Lydian Empire. 543 Cyrus annexes Asia Minor to Persia. 540-510 Era of Pythagoras. 539 (circa) Marseilles founded by Pheniclans. 538 Daniel interprets handwriting on the wall. Cyrus conquers Babylon. Belshazzar, King of Babylon, is slain. 536 Cyrus ends the captivity of the Jews. Return of the first caravan to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Joshua. Cyrus also subdues Phenicia. 535 Rebuilding of the Temple commenced. Thespis first exhibits tragedy. 534 Servius assassinated by Tulla, his daughter. Her husband, Tarquinius Superbus, becomes King of Rome. 532 Polycrates, tyrant of Samos (put to death B. C. 522). 531 Reign of Darius I. begins after assassination of Smerdis, the Magian. 529 Death of Cyrus. Accession of Cambyses. 525 Conquest of Egypt by Cambyses. Birth of Eschylus (died B. C. 456). The temple of Isis, Egypt, completed. Smerdis usurps the Persian throne, defeated by Darius, 522. 522 Death of Cambyses. Greeks colonize the Thracian Chersonese. Lestos founded. 521-485 Reign of Darius I. (Hystaspis) King of Persia. 520 Sibylline books brought from Cume. Decree of Darius for re-building the Temple at Jerusalem. 518 Birth of Pindar (died B. C. 439). 515 The Temple rebuilt and dedicated. 514 Insurrection in Athens. Hipparchus slain. Hippias rules in Athens. 510 Croton destroys Sybaris. Expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome. Foundation of the Republic. Junius Brutus and Tarquinius Collatinus consuls. The Pisistride expelled from Athens. Athens a republic. 509 Commercial treaty between Carthage and Rome. 508 First treaty betweeen Rome and Carthage. First Valerian Laws. The Scythian Expedition of Darius. 507 Capitol at Rome completed and dedicated. 504 Sardis burned by the Greeks. 501 Siege of Naxos by Aristagoras. Titus Lartius made Dictator of Rome. Ionian revolt in Asia Minor. 500 Burning of Sardis by the lonians and Athenians. 499 The revolt of the Tonians (Greece). 498 Persia recovers Cyprus. 497 Battle of Lake Regillus. Tarquin and his Latin allies defeated by *,:i Romans. First authentic date in Roman history. 496 Histieus, the Persian, sent to the coast by Darius. 495 Birth of Sophocles (died B. C. 406). Revolt of the lonians, aided by Athens, suppressed. 494 Tribunes at Rome appointed. Patricians secede. 493 Independence of the Latins recognized. Corioli taken by Caius Martius (Coriolanus.) The Latin League. 492 First Persian expedition, under Mardonius against Greece, is defeated and fleet destroyed near Mt. Athos. 491 Coriolanus banished from Rome. He is received by the Volscians. 490 Second Persian- expedition, under Datis and Artaphernes. Their defeat, and victory of Miltiades at the battle of Marathon. 489 Coriolanus and the Volscians besiege Rome. 488 Coriolanus withdraws from siege of Rome at his mother's entreaty and is slain by the Volscians. 486 Egyptian revolt. First Agrarian Law of Cassius proposed. 485 Accession of Xerxes I., King of Persia. Gelon tyrant of Syracuse. 485 Recovery of Egypt by the Persians. Birth of Herodotus (died after B. C. 409). 483 Banishment of Aristides the Just by the Athenians. 481 Athenian fleet built. Third and greatest invasion of Greece by the Persians, led by Xerxes. 480 Battle of Thermopyie-fall of Leonidas. Battle of Salamis-victory of Themistocles. Xerxes destroys Athens. First invasion of Sicily by Carthage. Defeat of the Carthaginians by Gelon at Himera. Birth of Euripides (died B. C. 406.) 479--450 Anaxagorus (b. 500, d. 428) teaches philosophy at Athens. 479 Occupation of Athens by Mardonius. Persians defeated at Platea and Mycale and retreat from Greece. Siege of Sestos. 477 Beginning of the supremacy of Athens. The Fabii perish in battle with the Veientes. 475-478 H-eiro I-at Syracune. 474 Esther and Mordecai. 471 Banishment of Themistooles. B. C. 471 Birth of Thucydides (died after B. C. 403). First Pubillian Laws. Election of plebeian magistrates given to the Comitia Tributa-Rome. 470 Victory of Cimon over the Persians at the Eurymedon. Antium (Rome) taken. Suicide of Appius Claudius. 469 Pericles begins to take part in the public affairs of Athens. 468 Birth of Socrates. Destruction of Mycene by the Argives. Diogenes of Appolonio flourishes. 466 Flight of Themistocles to Persia. Siege of Naxos. Battles at the Eurymedon. Phenicians aiding Persia are defeated by the Greeks under Cimon. 465 Xerxes I. assassinated. Reign of Artaxerxes I. in Persia. Revolt of Thasos. 464 Revolt of the Helots at Sparta. Third Messenian War. Sparta defeats Messenia. 460 Egypt revolts against Persia. (The revolt, is suppressed in 455.) Birth of Democritus and Hippocrates (both died in B. C. 357). The Athenian in Egypt. 459 Gorgias flourished. 458 Commission of Ezra to rebuild Jerusalem. Birth of Lysias the orator (died 378). Cincinnatus made dictator at Rome. Defeats the Equi. 457 Battle of Tanagra. 456 The Long Walls of Athens completed. 451 The first Decemvirate or council of ten at Rome. Laws of the Twelve Tables or code of laws instituted. 449 The Greeks defeat the Persians at Salamus in Cyprus. Virginius kills his daughter to save her from Appius Claudius. First Decemvirate abolished. Appius Claudius, Rome. 448 Valerian and Horatian Laws. Tyranny of the second Decemvirate. Secession of the Plebs from Rome. Abdication of the Decemvirs. Second Sacred War in Greece. 447 Battle of Coronea, defeat of Athens. 446 Syracuse subdues Agrigentum and defeats the Etruscans. 445 Thirty years' truce between Athens and Sparta concluded. Decline of the Athenian Empire. Revolt of Eubea and Megara. Canuleian Laws, Rome. Nehemiah governor of Judea. 444 Athenian Colony to Thurii. Pericles becomes supreme at Athens. Birth of Xenophon about this time (died 359). Commission of Nehemiah. The walls of Jerusalem rebuilt. Roman Consular Tribunes established. 443-338 The Parthenon at Athens built by Phidias. 443 Herodotus flourishes in Greece. 442 New constitution at Rome-censors and military tribunes appointed instead of consuls. 440 Rome visited by a terrible famine. 440-439 The Samian war. Siege and reduction of Samos by Pericles. Death of Spurius Melius-Rome. 437 Cornelius Cossus and Lars Tolumnius. Second Spolia Opima, Rome. 436 Birth of Isocrates (died 338). 434 Rome declares war against the Etruscans. 433 Treaty between Athens and Corcyra. Meton, astronomer, flourished. 431 Peloponnesian War begins between Athens and a confederacy with Sparta at the head, lasting twenty-seven years and ending in the defeat of Athensv Potidea besieged by the ' t.hnians (taken in 429). Death of Pericles. Rise of Cleon. Battle of Mt. Algidus; the Egni and Volsci defeated. 430 The plague at Athens. 429 Plato born (died 347). Siege of Platea. Naval victories of Phi.o. 428 Revolt and fall of Myti ne. 427 Reduction of Mytilene First Athenian expedition to Sicily. First comedy of Aristophanes exhibited. Corcyrean massacre. 426 Demosthenes in Etolia. Destruction in Fidene. 425 Reign of Xerxes II. followed by Logdianus. Sphacteria taken. 424 Darius II. reigns in Persia. Congress of Sicilians at Gela. 423 Alcibiades begins to act in Athenian affairs. The Samanites (Rome) capture Valternium. 423 Capua taken by the Samanites. 419 Birth of Diogones the Cynic, (died 324). 418 Battle of Mantinea. Spartans defeated by Athens. 415 The Hebrew, Malachi, prophesies. Invasion of Sicily by the Athenians under Nicias. 414 Siege of Syracuse. 413 Defeat and surrender of Nicias to Gelippus. 412 First treaty between Sparta and Persia. Constitution of the Four Hundred at Athens. Intrigues of Alcibiades with the Persians. 410 Beginning of the wars of Syracuse and Carthage. They continue seventy years. 409 Three plebeian questors of Rome elected. Second invasion of Sicily by the Carthaginians. 407 The Volscians defeat the Romans. Rhodes founded. 406 Battle of Arginuse. Condemnation of the ten generals. Dionysius tyrant of Syracuse; reigns thirty-eight years. 405 The siege of Veil, Rome. Battle of Egospotami. Dionysius I. reigns in Syracuse. 404 Athens taken by Lysander. End of the Peloponnesian War. Government of the Thirty Tyrants at Athens. Spartan supremacy. Death of Alcibiades. 403 Thrasybulus restores democratic government at Athens. 402 Birth of Phocion (died 317.) 401 Expedition of Cyrus the younger who rebels; at the battle of Cunaxa he is defeated and slain and the "Retreat of ten thousand" Greeks under Xenophon begins. 401--384 Ctesias flourished. B. C. 400 Malachi. 399 Death of Socrates. 398 Campaign and peace of Dercyllidas. 396 First Campaign of Agesilaus in Asia. The Roman dictator Camillos captures Veii. 395 Grew an coalition against Sparta; LysanUzr slain. 394 Persians assist the Athenians and defeat the Spartans at the naval battle of the Cnidus.. The Corinthian War begins. The second battle of Coronea. 393 The Long Walls of Athens restored by Corion. 392 Veil stormed by Hamillus. 391 Camillus impeached and -exiled. 390 Battle of Allia. The Romans defeated by Brennus and the Gauls. Rome burnt. Siege of the Capitol. 389 Victory of Dionysius at Helorus. Birth of Eschines. The Gauls expelled from Rome and city rebuilt. 387 Peace of Antalcidas, Persia. Greek cities in Asia subjected to Persia, End of the Corinthian War. Capitoline games established in Rome. 385 Defeat of the Persians under Evagoras. 384 Birth of Aristotle. Manlius hurled from Tarpeian rock for having aimed at sovereignty. 383 Battle of Lecheum.The Olynthian war begins, and ends 379. 382 Seizure of the Cadmea at Thebes by Phedibas. Birth of Demosthenes (died 322). 380 Death of Aristophanes. Height of Spartan power. 379 Recovery of the Cadmea by Pelopidas. 378 The Athenians allied with Thebes. 376 Roman civil war between patricians and plebeians. Law passed that one consul shall be a plebeian. 375 Battle of Leuctra, Greece. 372 Peace between Athens and Sparta. 371 Victory of Epaminondas over the Spartans at Leuctra. Foundation of Megapolis. 370 Jason of Phere assassinated. Alexander of Phere in Thessaly. 367 Embassy of Pelopidas, the Greek, to Persia. Aristotle goes to Athens, and remains with Plato twenty years. Licinian laws passed at Rome. 366 Joshua slain by the High Priest. Birth of Zeno, the Stoic (died 264). Institution of pretorship and curule edileship at Rome. First Plebeian consul elected. 365 Great Plague at Rome. Legend of M. Curtius. 362-346 Rome wars with the Gauls, Etruscans and Hernicans. Battle of Mantinea (circa). Victory and death of Epaminondas. 360 The Samaritans build the Temple at Gerizim. Kingdom of Pontus founfded. 358 Beginning of the Social War in Greece. Siege of Chios and Byzantium. Amphipolis taken by Philip II. 357-352-347 Roman laws of debt. Phocian (or Sacred) War begins. Expedition of Dion to Sicily. 356 Second Sacred War, the Phocians having seized the Temple of Delphi. Birth of Alexander the Great. Temple of Diana, at Ephesus, burned. Dion expels Dionysius from Syracuse. Caius Marcius Rutilus first Plebeian Dictator at Rome. 355 End of the Social War in Greece. Independence of Rhodes, Cos, Chios and Byzantium acknowledged by Athens. 354 Revolt of Artabazus, the Persian. 353 Siege of Methone, Greece. 352 Demosthenes delivers his first Philippie. Phenicia revolts from the Persian monarchy. 351 C. Marcius Rutilus first Plebeian censor, Rome. Sidonians revolt and destroy Sidon. 350 The Roman Popilius defeats the Gaul,. 348 Olynthus taken by Philip of Macedon. Treaty between Carthage and Rome. 346 Surrender of Phocis to Philip. End of the Sacred War. Philip admitted to the Amphyctiontc Council. Dionysius recovers the tyranny. 343 First Samnite war begins. Battle of Mt. Gaurus. Conquest of Syracuse by Timoleon. Expulsion of Dionysius. Embassy of Demosthenes and others to Philip. 342 Roman Genucian laws. Mutiny at Lantule, Rome. 342-341 Philip of Macedon's expedition to Thrace. Birth of Epicurus (died 270). 340 Perinthus and Byzantium besieged by Philip. Victory of Timoleon over the Carthaginians at the Crimisus. Battle of Mt. Vesuvius, Rome. 339 Second Roman Pubilian laws. Third Sacred War begins between Philip and the Athenians. 338 Philip general of the Amphyctionic League. Battle of Cheronea. Philip subjugates Greece. 337 First Roman Plebeian pretor. 337-335 The Latin War begins; after two years the Romans are victorious. 336 Murder of Philip. Accession of Alexander III. the Great. Accession of Darius Codomanus. 335 Alexander destroys Thebes; is chosen generalissimo of the Greeks, Athens having submitted. 334 Battle of the Granicus. Macedonian Empire formed. Alexander invades Persia. 333 Battle of Issus. Damascus taken and Tyre besieged by Alexander. 332 Capture of Tyre and conquest of Egypt by Alexander. Alexandria, Egypt, founded' on the Egyptian village Rhacotis. Treaty between Alexander and Rome. Alexander visits Jerusalem and worships at the Temple. 331 Phenicia subdued by Alexander. Battle of Arbela. Subjugation of Persia. Settlement of the Jews at Alexandria. 330 Darius III. assassinated. Demosthenes' oration for the crown. Persia becomes a part of the Macedonian Empire. 327-325 Campaigns of Alexander in India. Voyage of Nearchus from the Indus to the Euphrates. 326 Roman servitude for debt abolished. I

Page  XI SUPPLEMENT XI. NtW I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. " 1) I[. B. C. 324 Exile of Demosthenes. 323 Death of Alexander at Babylon. Alexander succeeded by Perdiccas as Regent. Antipater in Macedonia. Lysimachus in Thrace. Cassander in Greece. Antigonus in Syria. Eumenes in Cappadocia. Seleucus at Babylon. Second Samnite War, lasts twenty-one years. Antipater, a Macedonian general, defeats Athens and allies. 322 Ptolemy I., surnamed Soter, receives the Egyptian Kingdom. Phenicia annexed to Egypt by Ptolemy Soter I. 321 First war among the "successors of Alexander." Battle of the Caudine Forks. Romans terribly defeated by Pontius and pass under the Samnite yoke. 320 Ptolemy Soter takes Jerusalem. Revolt of Phenicia. Jewish settlements in Egypt and Cyreneo 317 Agathocles at Syracuse. 315 Thebes rebuilt by Cassander. Conquest of Antigonus of Phrygia. 314 Palestine under Antigonus. Roman victory at Cinna. 313 Samnite victory at Lantule. 312 Battle of Gaza. Victory of Ptolemy and Seleucus over Demetrius Poliorcetes. Pyrrhus king of Epirus. Appius Claudius censor. Appian Way and aqueduct. The great Roman military road completed. " 312-160 Sandracottus, Indian empire. 311-309 The Etruscan War. 310, L. Papirius Cursor, Roman Dictator. Agathocles defeated at Himera. 308 Fabius crosses Ciminian Hills; defeats the Tuscans at Vadimon. 307-305 Naval war at Cyprus and Rhodes. 304 Siege of Rhodes by Demetrius. 301 Battle of Ipsis between Ptolemy Soter and Antigonus. Final division of Alexander's dominions. O0 Athenian democracy restored. Chandrogupta (Sandracottus) reigns in India; makes a treaty with Seleucus. Foundation of Antioch by Seleucus. Light-house on island of Pharos erected. 299 Athens besieged and taken by Demetrius. 298 Third Samnite War. (Samnites, Etruscans, Umbrians and Gauls.) Gellius Egnatius, leader of the Samnites. 296 The Capitoline wolf. 295 Quintus Fabius defeats the Samnites, Etruscans and Gauls at Sentinum. 292 Execution of C. Pontius. 290 The Thi'd Samnite War ends in subjugation to Rome. 287 Birth of Archimedes (died 212). 286 The Hortensian Law passed at Rome; plebiscita declared binding on all the people. 285 Ptolemy abdicates in favor of his son, Philadelphus, who becomes Ptolemy II. Under his reign Egypt rose to a high rank among the nations in power and wealth. 284 Alexandrian Library founded by Ptolemy Soter. 284 The Etolian League formed. 283 Kingdom of Pergamus founded. Renewed Gallic and Etruscan War. Second battle of Lake Vadimon. 281 Rome wars with Pyrrhus, king of Epirus. Rome at war with Tarentum. Lysimachus defeated and slain by Soleucus at Corupedion. 280 Achean League between twelve cities of Achea established. Battle of Pandosia, Romans defeated by Pyrrhus. Birth of Chryssippus (died 207). 279 Irruption of the Gauls into Greece. First Plebeian censor at Rome. Romans again defeated by Pyrrhus at Asculum. Rome and Carthage allied. 277 League between Athens, Sparta and Egypt. The Septuagint written. The Gauls settle in Galatia. 276 Birth of Eratosthenes-died 196. The great wall of China built (?) 274 Battle of Beneventum. Rome victorious and Pyrrhus leaves Italy. 273 Egyptian embassy to Rome. 272 Antigonus Gonatus recovers Macedon. 269 Silver money first coined at Rome. Hiero II. of Syracuse. 268 Berosus flourished. Antigonus of Macedon takes Athens. 266 Rome supreme over all Italy. 26A First Punic War begins. Carthage disputes Rome's Empire. Chronology of Arundelian (Parian) marble ends. 260 First Roman fleet launched. Victory of Duilius off Myle. Rise of Parthia. 260-230 Reign of Asoka in India. 256 Naval victory of Regulus over the Carthaginians at Ecnomos. Invasion of Africa. The Arsacide. 255 Defeat and capture of Regulus by the Carthaginians. Evacuation of Africa. 254 The Kingdom of I0actia. 250 Parthia becomes an independent kingdom under Arsaces. Dynasty of Tsin in China founded. 247 Ptolemy III. makes war on Syria. Restores the Egyptian gods carried off by Cambyses 525 B. C. Birth of Hannibal-died 183. 245 Aratus of Sicyon, general of the Achean Leagues. 241 Defeat of Carthaginians by Catulus at the Egates Insule. End of the First Punic War. Sicily made a Roman Province. Atalus, King of Pergamus. Agis IV. killed at Sparta. 240 The plays of Livius Andronicus exhibited (the first tragedies) at Rome. 238 Date of the decree of Canopus; tablet of San. 237 Conquest of Spain attempted by the Carthaginians. Seizure of Sardinia and Corsica by the Romans. 235 The gates of the Temple of Janus at Rome shut for the first time since Numa. No war existing at the time. 234 Birth of M. Porcius Cato-died 149. 233 Antigonus Doson in Macedon. 229 Athens joins the Achean League. 227 Cleomenic War with Achean League begins. 226 Reforms of Cleomenes at Sparta. 225 Invasion of Cisalpine Gaul and battle of Clusium, Rome victorious. 222 Ptolemy IV. reigns in Egypt. Defeats Antiochus III. of Syria at Raphia. Gallia Cisalpina becomes a Roman Province. 221 Battle of Sellasia. Aratus and Antigonus take Sparta. Philip V. of Macedon. Alliance between Philip and Acheans against Etolians. 220 Hasdrubal assassinated in Spain. 219 Antiochus overruns Palestine. Siege of Saguntum by Hannibal. Second Illyrian war. 218 Second Punic War begins. Hannibal marches from Spain across the Pyrenees and the Alps into Italy. Battles of the Ticinius and the Trebla, and defeat of Scipio. 21t. Hannibal passes the Apennines. ]Battle of Lake Trasimene. Flaminius - defeated. B. C. 217 The two Scipios sent to Spain. 216 Battle of Canne. Romans defeated with immense loss. Revolt of Capua. Alliance of Hannibal with Philip V. of Macedon. 214-212 Siege and capture of Syracuse by Marcellus. 214 First Commercial War. Byzantium and Rhodes. 212 Battle of Anitorgis. Greek works of art brought to Rome. 211 Greece concludes treaty with the Romans against Philip, V. of Macedon. Defeat and death of the two Scipios' in Spain by Hasdrubal. Capua recovered by Rome. Conquest of Judea by Antiochus. Hannibal before Rome. 208 Battle of Metaurus. Battle of Elinga. 207 Battle of the Metaurus; Hasdruba'. defeated and slain by the Romans. Gold money first coined in Rome. 205 Ptolemy V. The decline of Egypt. 204 P. Cornelius Scipio conducts the war in Africa. Siege of Utica. 203 Hannibal leaves Italy. Attalus and Rhodians war with Philip. 202 Defeat of Hannibal at Zama, in Africa, by Scipio Africanus. 201 Treaty of peace between Rome and Carthage; end of the Second Punic War. 200-197 First Macedonian War. Allies attack Macedon and defeat Philip. 198 T. Quintus Flaminius proclaims liberty to the Greeks. Syria becomes independent of Egypt. 197 Battle of Cynocephale. -Philip defeated by Flaminius. Palestine and Cele-Syria conquered by Antiochus the Great, and confirmed to him by the peace with Rome. The Rosetta Stone written. 196 Dynasty of Han, China, founded. Hannibal joins Antiochus. 195 Birth of Hipparchus, first systematic astronomer. 192-188 War between the Romans and Antiochus the Great. Philopemen pretor of the Achean League. Greece declared free from Macedon by Flaminius. Philopemen defeats Nabis, of Sparta. Sparta joins the Achean League. 190 Battle of Magnesia. 188 The laws and discipline of Lycurgus abrogated by Philopemen. 184 Death of Plautus. -183 Death of Hannibal and Scipio. Lycortas, general of the Achean League. 182-174 Encrpachments of Massinissa. 181 Ptolemy VI. reigns in Egypt. The Villian Law, Rome. 179 Perseus King of Macedonia. Embassy of Callicrates to Greece. Pharnaces, of Pontus, cedes Paphlagonia to Rome. 176 Antiochus makes war on Egypt. 171-168 Second Macedonian War. 170 Antiochus takes Jerusalem. 40,000 Jews slain and Temple pillaged. Birth of Attius, Roman dramatist (died 76). 168 Battle of Pydna; victory of Emilius Paulus over Perseus; Macedonia made a Roman province. Eumenes II. visits Rome. " Antiochus Epiphanes takes Jerusalem, Beginning of the Maccabean war of independence. Athenians attack Oropus. 167 Judas Maccabeus defeats the Syrians and occupies Jerusalem, except the Citadel. Romans ravage Epirus and Achea. 166 Rededication of the Temple. One thousand Acheans imprisoned at Rome. First comedy of Terence performed at Rome. 166-145 Hipparchus flourishes. 165 Rise of the Pharisees and Sadducees. 164 Death of Antiochus. He is succeeded by Antiochus V. Eupator, who takes Bethoura, and besieges Jerusalem, but makes peace with the Jews. Oyrene and Libya separate from Egypt, 163 Birth of M. Emilius Scaurus, Roman ~orator (died 90).161 Victory of Judas Maccabeus at Adosa. Embassy of Cameades, Diogenes and Critolans to Rome. Death of Judas. Alliance between Rome and: Judea. Jonathan Maccabeus succeeds Judas. 160 Bactrians in India. 159 Death of Terence. 155 Athenians fined by Rome. 153 War in Spain. 150-138 Lusitanian War. Viriathus commands the Lusitanians. 149 Third Punic War begins. Scipio invades Africa. Andriscus in Macedonia. 148 Birth of Lucilius-died 103. 147 The Achean war with Rome begins. 146 Ptolemy VI. killed in battle. Carthage taken by Scipio and destroyed by order of the Roman Senate. Corinth taken and destroyed by Mummius. Province of Africa constituted.t Greece becomes a Roman Province. 145 Ptolemy VII. reigns, marries Cleopatra, widow of Ptolemy VI. Polybius legislates for the Achean cities. DemetriusNicator in Syria. 144 The Tower of Zion taken by the Jews. Judea becomes independent. Rise of the Asmonean dynasty. 143 Birth of Antonius, Roman orator (died 70). 142 Scipio Africanus (Minor) Roman Censor. 140 Birth of Crassus, Roman orator (died 91). Simon made hereditary prince of the Jews. Death of Viriathus-Rome. Macedon formally absorbed by Rome. 138 Birth of L. Cornelius Sulla (died 78). 136 Hycanus Governor of Judea. 134-132 Servile War in Sicily. Sicilian slaves rebel, are conquered and slain, 133 Laws of Tiberias Gracchus passed at Rome. Gracchus murdered. Kingdom of Pergamus bequeathed to Rome.. 130 Demetrius Nicator, Syria, restored. 129 Hyeranus subdues Idumea and Samaria and destroys Temple at Gerizim. 125 Rise of the Essenes. Fluvius Flaccus and L. Drusus popular Roman leaders. L. Caelius Antipater, Roman jurist, flourished. 123 Scipio takes and destroys Numantia. Roman Colony sent to Carthage. 121 Civil war in Rome arising from Agrarian troubles-Caius Gracchus is murdered. Metullius leader of Roman Senate. 120 Parthians subdue Bactria. 117 Ptolemy VIII. reigns jointly with his mother, Cleopatra. 116 Birth of Varro (died 28). 113 The Teutones and Cimbra invade Gaul. 111-106 The Jugurthine War-peace concluded. War renewed two years later. Metellus and Marius defeat Jugurtha and subjects Numidia. 109-101 War of Rome with the Cimbri and Teutones. 14 Hyrcanus destroys the Samaritan temple on Mount Gerizim. *Atricus born (died B. C., 32). 106 Birth of Pompey and of Cicero. B. C. 102 Victory of Marius over the Teutones at Aque Sexte (Aix). Second Servile war breaks out in Sicily. 101 Victory of Marius over the Cimbri at Vercelle and end of the war. Battle of Campus Raudius. 100 Birth of Julius Cesar. C. Marius born 157 (died 86). Sixth Roman Consul. L. App. Saturninus Tribune (Rome). 96 Ptolemy Apion leaves Cyreneo 95 Birth of Lucretius (died 55). 92 Sulla on the Euphrates. 90-88 The Social or Marsic War in Italy. The Marsians, at first successful, are finally defeated. 88-84 First Mithridatic War. Mithridates seizes Athens. Civil War of Marius and Sulla and expulsion of Marius, Sulla occupies Rome. 87 Marius retakes Rome. Proscription. 86 Revolt and Siege of Egyptian Thebas. Death of Marius and return of Sulla. Athens stormed by Sulla. Birth of Sallust (died 34). 85 Tigranes at war with Rome. 84 Sulla makes peace with Pontus, king of the Mithridates. 83 War with Marian party in Italy. Tigranes I. of Armenia annexes Phrygia. 83 Birth of Marcus Antonius (died 30). 82 Thebes destroyed. Second Civil War. Victory at the Colline gate. ~ Occupation of Rome. Sulla becomes Dictator. 79 Abdication of Sulla. Dies in 78. The Cornelian Laws of Rome. 79-72 Civil war of Sertorius in Spain; and of Lepidus and Catulus in Italy. 78 Alexandra Queen of Judea. 75 Nicomedes III. leaves Bithnia to Rome. 74-65 Third Mithridatic War. 74-66 Victories of Lucullus in Asia. 73-71 Servile war in Italy, led by Spartacus., who is defeated and slain by Crassus. 70 Consulship of Pompey and Crassus. Birth of Virgil (died 19). Scythians expelled from India. 69 Victory of Lucullus over Tigranes. 67 Cesar begins to take part in public affairs. Pompey subdues the pirates, 66 Lucullus recalled. Pompey sent into Asia and war ended. Birth of Strabo, geographer (died A. D. 22). 65 Birth of Horace (died B. C. 8). Antiochus Asiaticus dethroned by Pompey. 64 Birth of Messalla (died 4). Pompey reduces Syria. to a Roman province. 63' Jerusalem taken by the Romans under Pompey. Birth of Augustus.' Second conspiracy of Cataline suppressed by Cicero. Orations of Cicero. Lucullus founds Library at Rome. Phenicia absorbed;n the province of Syria. 60 Pompey, Cesar and Crassus form the first Roman Triumvirate. Birth of Seneca (died 30). 59 Birth of Livy (died A. D. 17). 58 The Gallic War begins. Cicero banished. Cesar invades Gaul. Helvetii and Ariovistus defeated. 57 Cyprus becomes a Roman province. End of the Seleucide. Cesar defeats the Belge and Nervii. 55-54 Cesar invades Britain. Crassus plunders the Temple at Jerusalem; is defeated and killed by the Parthians at Carrhe, 53. 54 Cesar defeats Treviri and crosses the Rhine. Birth of Tibullus (died 18). 52-51 Cesar conquers Vercingetorix and Alesia. Murder of Claudius by Mile. 51 Subjugation of Gaul completed, and becomes a Roman province. 50 Quintus Sextius (Stoic) flourished. 49 Civil war between Cesar and Pompey. Pompey driven from Italy. The Pompeians defeated in Spain. Cesar dictator. 48 Battle of Pharsalia. Cesar defeats Pompey. Murder of Pompey in Egypt. Ptolemy Dionysus and Cleopatra inherit Egyptian throne. 47 Cesar again dictator. War in Egypt. Partial destruction of the library of Alexandria during the siege of Alexandria. Cesar defeats Pharnaces at Zelao 46 The African War. Battle of Thapsus. Suicide of Cato. Reformation of the calendar by Cezar. His triumphs. 45 War in Spain. Battle of Munda; defeat of the Pompeians. Cesar Pater Patrie Imperator, for life, Dictator. First year of Julian calendar. 44 Assassination of Cesar by Brutus, Cassius and others. Flight of the assassins. Antony becomes master of Rome. Corinth and Carthage rebuilt. 4ý Cleopatra poisons her brother Ptolemy and reigns alone. Battle of Mutina. Second Triumvirate-C. Octavius, M. Antony, M. Lepidus. Cicero put to death. Birth of Ovid (died A. D. 18). End of the Ragida. 42 Battle of Philippi. 42 Defeat and death of Brutus and Cassius, The Triumviri masters of the Roman world. 41 Meeting of Antony and Cleopatra at Tarsus. 40 Herod the Great made king of the Jewso Library of Pergamus to Alexandria. 37 Jerusalem taken by Herod and, the Romans. Agrippa crosses the Rhine. 36 Sextus Pompeius driven from Sicily (put, to death 35).,:Lepidus deprived of power. Defeat of Antony in Parthia. 34 Antony invades Armenia. 32 War between Octavius and Antony. 31 Battle of Actium. Establishment of the Roman Empire. 30 Battle of Actium. Octavius successful. Suicide of Antony and Cleopatra. Criticism of the best Attic Literature at Rome. 29 The Gates of Janus Shut. 27 Cesar Octavius is made Emperor under the title of Augustus Cesar. Pantheon dedicated by Agrippa. 25 Tiridates seeks Roman court. 24 Defeat of Romans in Arabia. 23 Death of Marcellus. 21 Augustus Cesar founds Confederacy of Raconian cities. 20 Roman standards restored by Parthia., India embassy to Rome. 18 Death of Dionysius of Halicarnassus. 17-7 Temple at Jerusalem rebuilt by Herod. Agrippa invades Asia. Cappadocia created a province of Romp. 16 German war; Roman defeat under Lollius. 15 Victories of Drusus over the Rheti. 12 Invasion of Germany by Drusus. 11-9 Campaigns of Tiberias in Pannonia and Dalmatia. i- " 9 Death of Drusus#. B. C. 8 Tiberius defeats the Germans. Diodorus Siculus, historian, flourished. 4 Birth of Jesus Christ, according to Usher's system. Death of Herod, king of Judea. A. D. I Tiberius commands on the Rhine. 3 Birth of Seneca (died A. D. 65). 6 Judea a Roman province under Syria. 9 Destruction of the Romans under Varus and three legions by the Germans under Hermann. Romans defeated by Charusci under Arminius. Banishment of Ovid. 14 Death of Augustus Cesar. Accession of Tiberius Cesar. Accession of Artatanus in Parthia. 14-16 Campaigns of Germanicus in Germany. 17 Germanicus in Parthia and the East. 19 Death of Germanicus. War between Artabarus and Marbad. 20 Valerius Maximus. M. Elino Sejanus dominant at Rome. 23 Pretorian camp at Rome. 25 Pontius Pilate Governor of Judea. 26-37 Tiberias retires to Capre. 30 The Crucifixion, according to Eusebius. Lactantius, Augustine, Origen, and other authorities give A. D. 29 as the proper year. Agrippina I. banished. 31 Marco, Perfect of Pretorians, upon fall of Sejanus. 37 Accession of Caligula, Rome. Birth of Josephus (died 97). 40 Philo Senior ambassador to Rome. Birth of Plutarch-died 120. 41 Claudius Emperor of Rome. 42 Claudius conquers Mauretania. Birth of Quintilian-died 118. 43 Expedition of Claudius to Britain. Successes of Aulus Plautius. Birth of Martial-died 104. Lycia becomes a Roman province.... 44 Judea and Samaria directly Roman. _47 London founded by the Romans. Birth of Juvenal-' died 130 (?). Thrace directly Roman. The Frisians subdued by Rome. 50 Defeat and capture of Caractacus; taken prisoner to Rome. Claudius marries Agrippiana II., and adopts Nero. 51 South Britain a Roman province. 54 Agrippiana poisons Claudius and Nero becomes emperor. 55 Birth of Tacitus; died 117 (?). 56 Corbulo in Parthia. 59 Britannicus poisoned by Agrippiana. Agrippiana murdered by Nero. Parthia and Armenia at war. 60 St. Paul at Malta. 61 Insurrection of the Britons under Boadicea. Victory of Suetonius Paulinus. Birth of Papinius Statius, poet; died 96. Birth of Pliny the Minor; died 105. 64 Rome on fire six days. Persecution of the Christians. 65 Deaths of St. Peter and St. Paul (?). Deaths of Seneca and Luscan. Conspiracy of Piso. Revolt of the Jews. 66 Josephus governor of Gallilee. 67 Nero at the Olympic games. 68 Death of Nero. Galba becomes emperor. 69 Civil war at Rome. Otho kills himself. Vitellius killed.....-.70 Jerusalem taken and destroyed by Titus. Civilis leads a Batavian revolt. Vespasian emperor at Rome. 70-80 Colosseum at Rome built. 71 The gates of Janus closed. Triumph of Vespasian and Titus. Philosophers expelled from Rome. Reform of Treasury, Rome. 71-75 The Stoic philosophers expelled from Rome by Vespasian. 78 Agricola commands in Britain.......=:'*Titus becomes Roman emperor. 79 Herculaneum and Pompeii destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius.....:'" 79 Death of Pliny the Elder. The Laocoon group sculptured. 80 Advance of Agricola to the Tay. , Amphitheatre of Verona built. 81 Domitian emperor of Rome. 82 Rome wars with Chatti. 83 Paris (Pantomime) killed. 84 Agricola defeats the Caledonians, and sails around and subdues Britain.:; 85 Agricola recalled to Rome. 86 Rome wages an unsuccessful war against Gate or Delia. Quadi and Marcomanni. 91 Insurrection of Antonius suppressed.: 95 Rome persecutes Jews and Christians.;,-,, St. John banished to Patmos. 96 Domitian killed. Nerva becomes emperor. Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna, born (died 1 6 6 )..... ".........., * 96-98 Relief of -taxes and distribution of lands. 98 Trajan emperor of Rome. Plutarch flourishes. 103 Birth of Justin Martyr (died 166). 103-107 Subjugation of Dacia. 104 Birth of Herodes Atticus,- antiquarian (died 180). 114-117 Trajan's expedition to the East. 117 Hadrian emperor. He abandons the conquests of Trajan. The Euphrates made the eastern boundary of the empire. 120 Hadrian visits Gaul and Britain. Statues of Antonous (Hadrian's page). Birth of Ireneus Bishop of Lyons, died 200. Birth of Lucian, died 200. 121 Hadrian's walls built-Newcastle to Carlisle-Rhine to the Danube. Birth of Marcus Aurelius, died 180. 125 First apology for the Christians presented at Athens by Quadratus and Aristides. 130 Birth of Appuleius. Birth of Galen, died 200. -Hadrian rebuilds Jerusalem. 132 Second Jewish War. Barchochebas, leader of the Jews. Edictum perpetuum of Hadrian. 135 Dispersion of the Jews, 138 Antonius Pius, emperor. The empire at peace. Faustina I. flourishes. Wall of Antoninus (Graham's Dyke) built. 139 Conquests of Lollius Urbicus in Britain. 140 Vallum Antonio in Britain. 145-175 Fustiana II. flourishes. 147 Development of Roman civil laws. 150 Establishment of schools in Roman provinces. %-.161 Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus joint emperors. 161-166 Pestilence and famine at Rome. 162 Rome wars with Parthia. "163 Persecution of Christians. 166 Polycarp suffers martyrdom. 167-180 War with the Marcomanni, Quadi, etc. Greek philosophers patronized by Rome. 169 Death of L. Verus. Marcus Aurelius sole emperor. 175 Rome quells rebellion in Syria -177 Christians in Gaul persecuted. Advance of the Goths. 178 Goths attack Dacia. I 180 Commadus emperor of Rome. Statue of Aurelius erected. Perennis prefect of Pretorians. 183 Successes of Ulpius Marcellus in Britain. 184 Commodus takes the name of Britanicus. 185 Birth of Origen (died 253). 186 Cleander perfect of Pretorians. 190 Birth of Tertullian (died 240). 192 Britanicus as gladiator, killed. A. D. 193 Pertinax, emperor of Rome, is murdered. Didius Julianus buys the empire. Is opposed by Pescennius Niger and Septimius Severus and killed. 194 Septimius Severus sole emperor. Defeat and death of Niger. 196 Severus captures Byzantium after a siege of three years. 197 Temple of the Sun at Baalbec. Battle of LyonsDeath of Albinus. 198 Caracalla named Augustus. Defeat of Parthians by Romans. 202 Persecution of the Christians..204 Birth of Plotinus, philosopher (died 274). 209 Invasion of Britain by Severus. His wall completed, 220. 211 Death of Severus at York. Caracalla and Geta emperors. Roman citizenship extended to the whole empire. 212 Geta murdered. Caracalla, sole emperor. 213 Death of Clement of Alexandria. 214 First contact of the Romans with the Alamanni German tribes on the upper Rhine. 217 Macrinus emperor., 218 Heliogabalus emperor. 222 Alexander Severus emperor. 225 Sextus Empiricus, philosopher, flourishes. 226 Dissolution of the Parthian Empire and end of Arecide.:. Foundation of the new Persian Kingdom of the Sassanide by Ardshir (Artaxerxes). 228 Ulpian (lawyer) died. 231 Persian War begins. 233 Triumph of Severus. 235 Maximin murders Severus and succeeds to thE throne. 236 Persecution of the Christians. 238 The Gordiani, Pupienus and Balbinu (jointly) and Gordianus III., emperors. 242 Gordianus lefeats Sapor, King of Persia. 244 Gordianus murdered and succeeded by Philip the Arabian. 249 Decius emperor of Rome. 250 Decius orders a persecution of the Christians. First invasion of the empire by the. Goths. 251 Death of Decius and his son. Gallus emperor. 252 A pestilence breaks out in the empire and lasts fifteen years. 253 Irruption of the Goths and Burgundians into Mesia and Pannonia. First appearance of the Franks In Gaul about this time. 254 Valerian emperor. His son Gallienus associated with him. Persecution of the Christians. 258 Trapezus taken by the Goths. 259 Sapor ravages Syria. Valerian taken prisoner. 260 Gallienus sole emperor. The Thirty Tyrants between 260 and 268. 262 The Goths in Macedonia and Asia Minor. They destroy-the Temple of Ephesus. Antioch taken by Sapor. 263 The Franks invade Gaul. 267 The Heruli invade Greece, and are repulsed by Dexippus. 268 Claudius emperor. 269 Claudius defeats the Goths in Mesia. 270 Aurelian emperor of Rome. Victories over the Goths and the Alamanni. Zenobia queen of Palmyra. 272 Expedition of Aurelian to Palmyra. 273 Capture of Palmyra and of Queen Zenobia. 274 Birth of Constantine (died 337). &, 275 Tacitus emperor. 276 Probus emperor. 277 Probus drives the Alamanni from Gaul. 282 Carus emperor. Expedition to the East. 284 Diocletian emperor of Rome. 286 Maximian joint emperor with Diocletian. Revolt of Carausius in Britain. 289 Victory of Carausius over Maximian. 292 Constantius and Galerius named Cesars. Division of the empire. 296 Britain recovered by Constantius. 297 Siege of Alexandria by Diocletian. Persian War. 298 Constantius defeats the Alamanni near Langres.Defeat of Narses. 303 Persecution of the Christians by Diocletian. 305 Abdication of Diocletian and Maximian. Constantius and Galerius emperors. Beginning of monasticism in Egypt under St. Anthony. 306 Death of Constantius at York. Constantine (the Great) proclaimed emperor by the troops. 307 Revolt of Maxentius. Six emperors. Elevation of Licinius. 311 Rome proclaims Christianity. Edict of Nicomedia to stop the persecution of the Christians. 312 Defeat and death of Maxentius. 313 Defeat and death of Maximian. Edict of Milan, by Constantine and Licinius, for general religious toleration. Britain subdued. 314 War between the two emperors. 316 Birth of St. Martin, Bishop of Tours. 323 Constantine sole emperor. 324 Constantinople founded; dedicated as the capital of the empire, 330 (oT" 334). 325 First General Council of the Church meets at Nicea. 326 Athanasius Patriarch of Alexandria. Controversy with Arius. 336 Death of Arius. 337 Constantine II., Constans and Constantius II. joint emperors.: Nephilas Meso-Gothic gospels. 338 Death of Eusebius. 340 Birth of St. Jerome-died 420. 347 Synod of Sardica. 348 Ulfilas Bishop of the Goths (died 388). 350-'52 Revolt of Magentius. Defeated by Constantius. 354 Birth of St. Augustine (died 430). 357 Victory of Julian over the Alamanni at Argentoratum (Strasburg). 361 Julian emperor. 362 Julian recalls the banished bishops, and proclaims general religious toleration, 363 Persian War. Julian killed. Jovian emperor. 364 Valentinian and Valens joint emperors. Final division of the empire.. 367-'69 Theodosius in Britain; aids Briton'. against Picts and Scots. 370-The Saxons land on the coasts of Gaul. 373 Death of Athanasius. 375 War with the Quadi. Gratian emperor of the West with Valentinian II. ' Invasion of the Huns. 376 Valens allows the Huns to settle in Thrace. 377 Birth of St. Patrick (died 493?). 378 Constantinople threatened by the Goths. 379 Theodosius the Great, Emperor of the East. 381 Second General Council held at Constantinople. Pagan rites prohibited. 382 Alaric King of the Goths. 383 Revolt of Maximus in Britain. 390 Final suppression of Paganism. Massacre at Thessalonica. Death of Gregory at Nazianzus. 393 Honorius Emperor of the West. 394 Theodosius master of the wholq,,Roman world. ' 395 Death of Theodosius. Arcadius Emperor of the East. The Huns invade the eastern provinces.! Copyrignt, 195, oy Geo, A. Ogle & o., F,*

Page  XII I SUPPLEMENT XII. ANCIENT, MEDIEYVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. A. V. W Augustine made Bishop of Hippo (died 430). Alaric in Greece. Stilicho attains chief power under Honorius. M The Britons ask aid of Honorius against the Picts and Scots. 307 Deaths of Martin of Tours and Ambrose of Milan. 398 Chrysostom Bishop of Constantinople (died 407). 400 Alaric ravages Italy. *403 Battle of Pollentia. 4 Defeat. of Alaric by Stilicho. 406 The Vandals, Alani and Suevi invade Spain. 409 The Roman legions recalled from Britain; final withdrawal about 418. 410 Sack of Rome by Alaric. Death of Alaric. Pelagius begins to preach about this time. 412 Proclus the philosopher born (died 485). 414 Marriage' of Ataulphus, King of - the Goths, to Placida, daughter of Theodosius the Great. Persecution of the Christians in Persia begins; lasts thirty years. 420 Death of St. Jerome. Orosius, the Spanish presbyter and historian, flourished. 423 Death of Honorius at Ravenna. 425 Administration of- Etius begins, lasting about thirty years. The Traveler's Song, published. 428 Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, banished (435). 429 The Vandals under Genseric invade Africa. Death of Theodore, Bishop of Mopsuestia. 431 Third General Council held at Ephesus. 432 St. Patrick arrives in Ireland.....433 Attila King of the Huns. 438 Theodosian code published. 439 The Vandals surprise Carthage. 440 Leo I. (the Great) Bishop of Rome. 442 Treaty of peace between Valentinian and Genseric. Attila in Thrace and Macedonia. 446 Messages of the Britons to Etius for aid against the Saxons. 447 Attila ravages the Eastern Empire. Theodosius concludes a treaty with Attila. 449 The Robber-Council of Ephesus. Landing of the English in Britain. Hengist and Horsa in Kent. 450 Death of Theodosius II. 451 Invasion of Gaul by Attila. Victory of Etius at Chalons. Fourth General Council held at Chalcedon. Monophysite controversy begins. 452 Invasion of Italy by Attila. Venice founded. 453 Death of Attila. Dissolution of his empire. 454 St. Patrick fixes his see at Armagh. 455 Sack of Rome by Genseric. Intercession of Leo. 457 Hengist founds the Kingdom of Kent. 460 The epic poem of Beowulf (?). 461-'67 Rule of Ricimer. Severus nominal Emperor.: 462-'72 Conquests of the Visigoths in Spain and Gaul. 465 Great fire at Constantinople. 470 Birth.of Boethius (died 526). 475 Romulus Augustulus Emperor of the West (banished 476). S476 Odoacer captures and sacks Rome and becomes King of Italy. Succession of Western Emperors ends. Close of the period of Ancient History..Medieval History 476 Establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks. 477 Second Saxon invasion of Britain. 480 Birth of St. Benedict (died 543). 481 Clovis I. (Merovingian) reigns in Belgic Gaul. 485 Proclus, philosopher, died. 486 Battle of Soissons. Clovius I. defeats the Gauls. 489 Ostrogoths invade Italy. 491 Ella founds the Kingdom of Sussex. " 493 Theodoric establishes the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy, South Germany and Hungary, capital at Ravenna. 495 Third Saxon invasion of Britain. Cerdic founds the Kingdom of Wessex. 496 Clovis of France embraces Christianity., 501 Laws of Burgundy published. 502 Charbades, the Persian, ravages the Greek Empire. 503 Fergus lands in Scotland from* Ireland. 506-'42 The famous King Arthur said to reign in England. 507 Clovis, having conquered the country from the Pyrenees to the Loire, founds the Kingdom of all Franks. 510 Clovis makes Paris the capital of the Franks. r11 Salic Law established by Clovis in France.... Division of the monarchy between Clovis" four sons. 614 Vitalianus, the Goth, besieges Constantinople. 519 Cerdic founds the Kingdom of Wessex in Britain. 527 Justinian I. becomes Emperor of Rome. Fourth Saxon invasion of Britain. Essex founded. 529 Justinian Code published. 534 Belisarius conquers Africa. ' 538 The Franks appear in Italy. 539 Italy made subject to Belisarius. Goths ravage Milan. 544 Birth of Gregory of Tours (died 590). 545 The Turks enter Asia. 547 Northumbria founded in Britain. 550 The Angles form the Heptarchy Anglia, Deira Mercia, etc. 552 Totila, the Ostrogoth, defeated in Italy by the imperial generals Narses and Belisarius. '::554 Narses overthrows Gothic power in Italy. 558 Clotaire sole ruler in France. 560 Fergus Moor II. of Scotland (?). 561 Death of Clotaire. His four sons divide the kingdom between them. 562 St., Colomba lands in Scotland. 563 Constantinople destroyed by fire. 564 History of Gildas (?). 565 Death of Justinian I. Ethelbert becomes King of Kent. 568 Italy invaded by the Longobardi from Germany, who found the Kingdom of Lombardy. Narses governor of Italy. 570 Birth of Mohammed (died 632). 577, Battle of Durham; West-Saxons defeat the Britons. 581 Paris mostly destroyed by fire. Sclavonians ravage Thrace. 584 Franks invade Italy and are repelled. The Mayors of the palace the real rulers in France. 586 Kingdom of Mercia founded in Britain. 587 Franks expelled from Spain by Recared I. 590 Gregory I., the Great, becomes Pope. 595 The Lombards besiege Rome and overrun Italy. 597 St. Augustine arrives in England. 598 Ethelbert, King of Kent, embraces Christianity. 6013 Italy ravaged by Sclavonians,. 603 Scots invade Bernicia; are driven back. 611 The Persians make conquests in Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor, and besiege Rome, A. D. 612 Jews persecuted in Spain. 613 Clotaire II. King of France. 614 Jerusalem captured by Persians. 622 Mohammed secretly leaves Mecca and enters Medina. The Hegira or Arab emigration-not flight as commonly translated. 628 Dagobert, the "Solomon of the Franks," becomes King. Revises and publishes the Salic and Riparian Laws. 630 Mohammed re-enters Mecca; installed as prince and prophet. 632 Death of Mohammed. His religion spreads through Persia. 634 The Koran published. 638 Syria occupied by Saracens. Clovis II., son of Dagobert, King of France. 639 Omar institutes the new Moslem Calendar. 640 Alexandrian Library burnt. 642 In Britain the Mercians defeat the Berniclans. 653 Rhodes taken by the Saracen's. 656 Clotaire III. becomes King of France. 662 In Italy, Constans II., Emperor of the East, is defeated by the Lombards. 668 Constantinople besieged by Saracens. 672 Saracens driven from Spain. 672-'77 Wamba's "good reign" in Spain. 678 Cadwallader, the last king of the Britons, reigns. Bulgarians occupy Bulgaria, in Northern Greece. 681 Mebrouin, last of the Merovingians, assassinated. 685 Saxons drive Britons into Wales and Cornwall. 687 Sussex united to Wessex. In France, Pepin defeats Thierry. 694 Kent devastated by West Saxons. 697 Anafesto becomes the first Doge of Venice. 709 The Saracens invited into Spain to overthrow King Roderick. 711 The Saracens cross from Africa to Spain. The Bulgarians ravage the Eastern Empire. 712 The Gothic Kingdom of Spain overthrown by the Arabs. Establishment of the Saracen kingdom of Cordova. 714 Charles Martel, mayor of the palace and real ruler of France... 716 Independent Gothic Monarchy founded in the Asturias. 718 Leon and Asturias formed into a Kingdom by Pelays, who checks- the conquests of the Saracens in Spain.' 720 The Saracens are defeated at Constantinople. Charles Martel created Duke of France. The Saracens invade France. 730 Pope Gregory excommunicates the Emperor Leo. 732 Battle of Tours, or Poitiers; crushing defeat of the Saracens by the Franks. 739 Charles Martel conquers Provence. 746 Slavic settlements in Grecian Peloponnesus. 747 Carloman of France abdicates. 752 Pepin, the Short, son of Charles Martel, becomes King of France. 754 Pepin gives Ravenna to the Pope. 755 Insurrection in Mercia, Britain. Abderahman I. becomes King of Cordova. 756 Pepin annexes Ravenna to the See of Rome. 760 Insurrection of Toledo. 768 Death of Pepin, who is succeeded by his two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman, who rule in France and Germany. 771 Charlemagne rules alone. 772-'85 Charlemagne, after a severe struggle, conquers the Saxons; they embrace Christianity. 774 Charlemagne annexes Italy after conquering the Lombards. 778 Battle of Roncesvalles. Beginning of the age of chivalry. Charlemagne unsuccessfully invades Spain. 785 Saxons, subdued by Charlemagne, be-^^S%, come Christians. ".787"'The Danes land in England. 791-'96 Charlemagne establishes the Margraviate of Austria. Reign of Alfonso, the Chaste, in Spain; independence of Christians established. 799 The Avars subdued by Charlemagne. 800 Charlemagne crowned at Rome; becomes Emperor of the West by Pope Leo III. 802 Ruric, the Norman, establishes the first regular government in Russia at Novgorod, and becomes grand duke. 807 War between Slaves and Polyponnesian Greeks. 814 Louis I., Emperor, dethroned, but restored to his dominions. 817 Louis, the German (France), conquers Austria. 820 Michael II. of the Byzantine Empire founds the Armorian dynasty. 823 In England, Essex (and, two.years later, Kent and Northumbria) are annexed to Wessex. 825 The Servians occupy Dalmatia. 827 The Saxon Heptarchy ends and Egbert, king of Wessex, becomes king of all England. 830 Louis the Debonair imprisoned in France. 839-'40 Louis separates Germany from France. 840 Charles the Bald King of France. 841 German princes assert their independence. 844 Treaty of Verdun; the sons of Louis divide the empire. Spain ravaged by the Northmen. 846 The Saracens sack Rome. 848 Brittany becomes independent. 850 Russian monarchy established by Ruric. 850(?) Scots and Picts united under Kenneth. 851 Northmen pillage France. 865 Russians attack Constantinople. 867 Bassillian Dynasty founded at Constantinople. 869 Ecumenical Council of Constantinople. (Latin Church.) 871 The Danes defeat Alfred at battle of Merton. 873 Kingdom of Navarre founded by Sancho.ý luigo. 875 Charles, the Bald, becomes Emperor; is poisoned by Zedecbias, a Jewish physician. 875-1154 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 877 Louis II. King of France. 87& Alfred the Great driven from England. 879 Ecumenical Council of Constantinople. (Girek Church.) 881 Danes i.vage Scotland. 888 Paris attacked by Northmen. 890 Italy subjected to the Eastern Empire. Alfred of England founds Oxford, and establishes a code of laws; organizes militia and a navy; subdivides the country and causes surveys of the Kingdom. 805 Alfred's translations. 896 The Germans, under Arnold, seize Rome. Alfred of England vanquishes the Danes. 901 Death of Alfred the Great. 904 Russia invades Greek Empire under Oleg. 907 The Russians receive tribute from Constantinople. 910 Asser's life of Alfred written. 911 Death of Louis the Child, last of the German Carolingians." 912 Rollo the Northman becomes Robert,. Duke of Normandy. 918-'34 Henry I. the Fowler, reigns in Germany; conquers the Huns, Danes, Vandals, and Bohemians. 921 Italy invaded by the Burgundians. 928 Five Emperors rule the Byzantine Empire. 933 Athelstan ravages Scotland. 934 Henry. I. of Germany defeats the Danes. A. D. 936 Otho the Great in Germany. 937 Athelstan wins a great victory over the Danes, Scots, etc., and becomes first King of England. 939 Louis IV. of France subdues Hugh Capet, Count of Paris. 944 Malcolm I. in Scotland. 951 Otho invades Italy. 962 Otho the Great becomes Emperor of the West; Italy and Germany united. 978 Otho II. invades France. 979 Assassination of Edward, the Martyr, of England. 982 Battle of Basientello; Otho III. of Germany defeated by Greeks and Saracenso 987 Hugh Capet becomes King of France. 988 Vladimir marries Annie, sister of Basil II. of Russia, and embraces Christianity. 995 Elfric's Homilies. 996 Otho III. makes the German Emperor elective. Paris made the Capital of all France. 997 Death 9f St. Adelbert, who first introduced Christianity into Prussia. 999 Gerbert, Silvester II. Pope. 1,300 Genoa, Italy, becomes rich and powerful. 1002 Massacre of Danes in England by Ethelred. Reign of Robert II. in Burgundy. 1003 Sweyn, King of Denmark, avenges the massacre. Ethelred flees to Normandy. Malcolm II. King of Scotland. 1013 Sweyn conquers England. S1014 Battle of Zetunium; Basil II. of Constantinople defeats the Bulgarians. 1015 Vladimir I. dies; Russia is divided. 1016 Ethelred dies; Edmund Ironsides and Canute divide England. Italy invaded by Northmen. Expulsion of Saracens. 1017 Canute, the Dane, becomes King of all England., 1019 The Moors enter Spain.. 1026 Sancho II. of Navarre founds the Kingdom of Castile. 1035 Arragan becomes a Kingdom under Ram-. irez I. 1037 Union of Leon and Austria with Castile. 1039 Duncan I. of Scotland murdered by Macbeth. 1040 Sicily restored and Servia lost to the Eastern Empire. The Cid (Ruy Diaz) in Spain. 1041 Danes driven from Scotland. 1042 The Saxony Dynasty restored. Edward', the Confessor, King of England. Conquest of Bohemia by Henry III. 1043 Russians defeated before Constantinople. 1051 Rebellion of Godfrey in Kent. 1052 War of Roderigo, the Cid, with the Moors. 1058 Moors expelled from Italy. Macbeth defeated and slain. Malcolm IIi. of Scotland. 1060 Philip I., the Fair, King of France. Lambert of Herzfeld. '.1065 Jerusalem captured by the Turks. 1066 William of Normandy invades England, and wins the battle of Hastings. Harold defeats the Norwegians, and is crowned King of England, January 6. Death of Harold. William I., the Norman, crowned King, December 25. 1070 The feudal system introduced in England. 1071 Norman Kingdom of the two Sicilies. Hereward in the Isle of Ely. 1073 Hildebrand made Pope Gregory VII. Gregory VII. establishes universal sovereignty of the papacy, and reforms abuses in the Church. Henry VI. of Germany disputes his title. 1075 Odericus Vitalis. 1076 Justice of the Peace appointed. 1077 Henry IV. submits and does penance. 1081 Italy invaded by the Germans. 1084 Henry IV. takes Rome. The Pope flies to Salerno and dies there, in 1085. Clement III. made Pope by Henry IV. 1086 Domesday Book completed in England'; commenced in 1077. Burno founds Carthusians. 1087 William II. crowned King of England. 1088 Urban II. Pope.' 1090 Mantua taken by Henry IV. 1091 The Saracens of Spain invite the African Moors to their aid in driving back the Christians. The Moors defeat the Christians and seize the Saracen possessions. 1095 Portugal becomes a separate principality under Henry of Besancon. William of Malmesbury. 1096 First Crusade begun. Verse Edda-compiled (?). 1098 War between France and England. 1099 Death of the Cid. Jerusalem captured by Godfrey de Bouillon. 1100 Henry I. crowned King of England. Grants a charter restoring the Saxon laws. 1104 Crusaders capture Acre. 1106 Milan becomes a free republic. Henry I. defeats his brother Robert, and gains Normandy. 1107 Alexander I. Scotland. 1108 Louis VI. le gros (the Lusty) King of France. 1110 Henry V. of Germany invades Italy. 1114 Henry V. marries Matilda of England. 1116 University of Bologna founded. Euclid translated into English. 1119 Play of St. Catherine at Dunstable. 1120 Rise of the Lombard (Italy) cities. Shipwreck of Prince William. 1122 Treaty of Worms, between the Emperor and Pope. 1124 David I. King of Scotland. 1125 Era of the glory of Venice. Victories over the Eastern Empire. 1132 Arnold of Brescia. 1135 Stephen becomes King of England. Henry's daughter, Maud, disputes the crovn; ivil war ensues. Lou, Yl. grants letters of franchise to citi - and towns. - Empress Maud's partisans defeated at the battle of the Standard, Aug. 22. 11. Portugal becomes a kingdom. Maud lands in England, and defeats Stephen; is crowned at Winchester, March 3, 1141. ' 1143 Moors rebel in Spain. 1144 Alphonso of Leon defeats the Moors. Wars of the Lombard cities. 1146 Second Crusade; Louis VII. of France and Conrac II. of Germany are defeated by Greek treachery, A. D. 1148. Greece plundered by Roger of Sicily. 1147 Maud is defeated by Stephen, and retires to France. 1150 Arthurian Legends published. 1152 Frederic Barbarossa made Emperor of Germany. 1153 Maud concludes a peace with Stephen. Malcolm IV. King of Scotland. 1154 Frederic Barbarossa invades Italy. Henry II., King of England, the first Plantagenet, crowned December 19. Adrian IV. Pope. Constitutions of Clarendon enacted in England. 1156 Margraviate, Austria, made a Ihereditary duchy by Frederic I. 1161 War of Guelphs and Ghibellines. 1162 Barbarossa destroys Milan. 1163 Berlin founded by a colony from the Netherlands. 1165 William the Lion, King of Scotland. 1166 Assizes of Clarendon and Northampton. 1167 Frederic Barbarossa takes Rome. The Lombard League formed against the Emperor.~ ' 1169 University of Paris founded. 1170 Thomas A. Becket murdered in England December 29. A. D. 1172 The Sultan Saladin makes great conquests in Asia. Ireland conquered by the English. 1176 Battle of Legnano. Barbarossa defeated by the Lombard League. Six circuits for the administration of justice established in England. 1180 Glanvil Chief Justice of England. Philip II. (Augustus) King of France. 1181 Glanvil makes a digest of English law. 1183 Peace of Constance establishes the free cities of Italy. 1185 Provinces of Amiens and Valois annexed to France. 1187 Saladin seizes Jerusalem. 1189 Third Crusade by England, France and Germany. taiege of Acre begun. Richard I. crowned in England, Sept. 3. Terrible massacre of Jews in London. 1190 Frederic I. (Barbarossa), drowned. Order of Teutonic Knights established. Henry V. invades Italy. University of Oxford founded. 1191 Richard I. joins the Crusades. Acre captured. Jerusalem opened to pilgrim. Kingdom of Cyprus founded. Artois annexed to France. 1192 Richard I., Coeur de Lion, made prisoner in Germany by Henry IV.; ransomed (1194) for ~400,000. Richard defeats Saladin. 1198 Innocent III. Pope. 1199 John becomes King of England, May 27. 1200 University of Salamanca founded. 1202 Fourth Crusade; capture of Zora. 1203 Constantinople besieged and captured by the Crusaders. 1204 Normandy lost to England. Latins possess and divide Greece. 1207 Albigensian Crusade. 1208 Otho crowned Emperor of Germany at Rome. England interdicted by the Pope. 1209 French Crusade against the Albegeoise. Inquisition established. 1210 War between Venice and Genoa. 1213 Battle of Muret; defeat of Albigenses. Interdict of England removed. 1214 Alexander II. of Scotland. French defeat Germans at Bouvines. 1215 Magna Charta signed at Runnymede, June 15; confirmed and renewed 30 times. Birth of Roger Bacon (died 1292). 1216 Henry III. becomes King of England, October 28. 1217 Fifth Crusade by Germans and Hungarians. 1220 Frederick II. becomes Emperor of Italy. 1222 Matthew Paris born. The Teutonic Knights undertake the conquest of Poland..1223 Tartars conquer a large pa' of Russia. Louis VIII. King of France. 1224 Louis frees his serfs. 1226 St. Louis becomes King Louis IXo of France. 1227 Gregory IX. Pope. 1228 Sixth Crusade; Frederick II. at Acre. 1229 The Inquisition begun. 1229 Ten years' truce with the Sultan. Jerusalem restored to the Christians. Frederick crowned King of Jerusalem. Albigenses defeated in France. 1231 University of Cambridge founded. 1232 Fall of Hubert de Burgh. 1233 Wars between Castile and Moors, and capture of Cordova, Seville, Toledo, and other cities by Ferdinand III. 1235 The Mongolians invade Russia. 1236 War between the Emperor and the Lombard League. 1237 The Grand Duke Juric (Russia) slain in battle. 1238 Moorish Kingdom of Grenada founded by Mohammed I. 1239 Seventh Crusade, by Thibaud, Count of Champagne. 1241 Prose Edda.; 1242 Tartars establish the empire of Kahn of Kaptschak. 1244 Jerusalem seized by the Carismians...: Danes invade Russia, and are defeated by Alexander Newski. 1245 The Hanseatic League formed. 1246 Frederick II. of Austria killed in battle with the Hungarians. 1250 Louis defeats King Henry of England. Louis captured by the Saracens; truce for ten years. Mamelukes rule Egypt. 1251 Rise of Medica family in Italy. 1252 Alexander Newski is made Grand Duke of Russia, and reigns as Alexander I. 1254 Ottocar of Bohemia acquires the Austrian Provinces. 1259 Kubla Kahn builds Pekin. 1260 Ottocar wars with Hungary o- - Styria. 1262-'68 Barons' War in Englan-' 1263 Ottocar inherits Corinthia 1265 The first regular Parliame it of England meets. Birth of Dante; died 1311. 1266 Naples and Sicily conqaeied by Charles of Anjou. 1268 Ninth Crusade, by Louis IX. and Edward, Prince of Wales. 1270 Louis IX. dies at Carthage. Philip III. (the Hardy) King of France. 1271 The English quit Palestine. 1272 Reign of Edward I. of England; crowned Nov. 20. Ottocar declines the Imperial Crown of Germany. 1273 Randolph, Count oi Hapsburg, chosen Emperor of Germany; Ottocar refuses to acknowledge. him. ii74 Navarre passes to the royal family of France. Rudolph makes war upon Ottocar, and gains Austria, Corinthia and Styria. 1275 Wars of Robert Bruce and John Baliol for the crown of Scotland. 1276 House of Hapsburg, of Austria, founded. 1277 Rule of the Visconti, Milan. 1278 Ottocar slain at the battle of Marchfeld. 1282 Sicilian Vespers, massacre of Sicilians by the French. Crusade against Aragon; the French expelled. 1283 Wales subjected to England. 1285 Philip IV. (the Fair) King of France. 1286 Kenigsberg made the capital of Prussia. 1287 Jews banished from England. 1288 Nicholas IV. Pope. 1289 Second invasion of the Mongols. 1291 Mamelukes take Acre. Christian power in Syria destroyed. 1296 Scotland subdued by England. ' 1297 Sir William Wallace fights for the inde-. pendence of Scotland. Revolt of Scotland. 1299 Battle of Falkirk; Bruce' and Douglas defeated by Edward I. Osman I. establishes the Turkish Empire. 1300 Moscow becomes the capital of Russia. 1301 Philip IV. quarrels with the Pope. Charles of Valois in Italy. 1302 First convocation of States-General in France. 1303 Edward I. invades Scotland. 1305 William Wallace executed. 1306 Robert Bruce crowned as King of Scotland. 1307 Edward II. crowned, July 8, King of England. 1307-'14 Philip suppresses the Knights Templar, and burns the Grand Master at Paris. 1308 Pope Clement V. removes to Avignon, in France. Albert I., of Austria, attempts to subdue the Swiss, who have revolted under William Tell. (?) 1309 The Swiss revolt successful. A 310 Henry VII. subdues the Lombards. 1313 Louis V. and Frederic of Austria contend for the German Empire. Birth of Boccaccio; died 1375. A. D. 1314 Battle of Bannockburn; the Scots, under Robert Bruce, defeat the English under Edward. Louis IV. King of Germany. Union of France and Navarre. 1315-'25 Insurrection of English Barons. The Swiss totally defeat the Austrians at Morgarten. 1316 John I., a posthumous son of Louis X., King, dies at the age of four days. Philip II. (the Long) King of France. 1321 Death of Dante. 1322 Battle of Muehldorf; Louis V. defeats Frederick. Charles IV. King of France.:.1324 Birth of John Wickliffe; died 1384. 1326 Germany invaded by Turks. 1327 Edward III. crowned, Jan. 25, King of England. Independence of Scotland. 200,000 Moors brought from Africa by the King of Grenada. 1328 Charles the Fair, of France, dies; Philip VI., of the House of Valois, reigns, Ivan I. rules Russia. 1329 David II. King of Scotland. 1333 The Scots defeated by Edward at Halldon Hill. 1337 War between France and Flanders. Birth of Froissart; died 1401. 1339 First Doge of Genoa appointed. 1340 Birth of Gerhard Groot; died 1380. Battle of Tarifa in- Spain; Moors terribly defeated by Alphonso XI., of Gastile. 1346 Battle of Crecy; French, under Philip, routed by the English, under Edward III.,, and the Black Prince. Battle. of Durban, in Scotland. Battle of Neville's Cross. 1347 The English take Calais. Rienzi, last of the Tribunes, establishes a democracy in Rome. 1348 University of Prague founded. 1349 Dauphiny annexed to France. The black death in England. 1350 Order of the Garter instituted by Edward and John II., King of France. 1352 Marino Faliero at Venice. 1353 Turks enter Greece. 1354 Rienzi slain at Rome. 1356 Battle of Poitiers, September 19; 8,000 English defeat 60,000 French; the Black Prince takes John II. captive to London, where he dies. Charles IV., of Germany, signs the Golden Bull, the basis of the German Constitution until 1806. 1358 Insurrection of the Jacquerie in France. 1360 Peace of Bretigny, between English and French. 1361 Italy overrun by the Free Lances. Turks enter Greece. 1362 The English language ordered to be used in legal proceedings, England. 1363 Austria acquires the Tyrol. 1364 Charles V. (the Wise) King of France. Philip, the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. Treaty between Austria and Bohemia. 1366 H. Van Eyck, painter, born. 1367 The Mameluked conquer Armenia. 1369 Empire of Tamerlane founded. Langland's "Piers Plowman." 1370 Pope Gregory XI. goes to Avignon. 1371 Stuart line begins with Robert IL of Scotland. 1374 Death of Petrarch..: Rebellion against the Pope. 1375 Death of Boccaccio.. 1377 Richard II.. King of England, June 22. ý ' Papacy restored to Rome. 1380 Battle of the Don; Dimitri II., of Russia, defeats the Tartars. ' -Wyckliffe's translation of the Bible published. Thomas A. Kempis born. Russia wars with the Tartars. Charles VI., King of France. 1381 Watt Tyler's insurrection in London crushed. Ghiberti, artist, born; died 1455. 1382 "Legend of Good Women," England. 1383 The Tartars burn Moscow. 1385 Death of John Wyckliffe. 1386 John 'of Ghaunt in Spain. Battle of Lempach; defeat of the Austrians by the Swiss, and death of DultLeopold. 1387 German Empire divided. Fra Angelico, painter, born; died 1448. 1388 Battle of Chevy Chase, or Otterburne, between Scots and English. 1389 Margaret of Norway. 1390 The Eastern Empire loses power in Asia. Robert III. King of Scotland. The Canterbury Tales published. J. Van Eyck, painter, born. 1392 The Portuguese discover the Cape of Good Hope. 1395 Tamerlane, the Tartar, invades Russia. The Wakefield and Towneley mysteries. 1396 Battle of Nicopolis, the Turks, under Bajazet I., defeat the Hungarian Christians. 1397 Persecution of the Wycklifites or Lollards. Union of Calmar. 1399 Henry IV. crowned King of England, Sept. 30th; Order of the Bath founded. 1400 Birth of Della Robbia, architect and sculptor. Death of Chaucer and Froissart. 1401 Rebellion in Wales; Glendower Lnd the Percies defeated. 1402 Battle of Angora; Timour the Tartar defeats the Turks and captures Bajazet I. Masaccio, painter, born. 1405 Prince James of Scotland captured. 1406 Albany, regent, in Scotland. 1407 France interdicted by the Pope. 1409 Council of Pisa. Alexander Vo made Pope by council of Pisa. 1410 Sigismund of Hungary becomes Emperor of Germany. 1411 University of St. Andrews founded. Battle of Harlaw; the Lowland defeat the Highland Scots. 1412 Birth of Fra Filippo Lippi, painter. 1413 Henry V. crowned, March 21, King of England. 1414 Council of Constance; Pope John XXIII. deposed. Sigismund, King of Bohemia, Emperor of Germany. 1415 Battle of Agincourt; 10,000 English, under Henry V., defeat 50,000 French. John Huss and Jerome of Prague burned at the stake, betrayed by Sigismund. 1416 The partisans of Huss take up arms; a severe war ensues. 1417 Cobham burnt. 1419 The Hussites take Prague. 1420 Paris captured by the English; Treaty of Troyes; Henry wins the French crown; birth of John Wessel. 1422 Henry VI. proclaimed King of France and England. Ottoman Empire reunited by Amurath II. 1423 James I. reigns in Scotland. 1425 War between Milan and Venice. The Paston Letters. 1429 Joan of Arc raises siege of Orleans, defeats the English at Patay, and drives them from all their conquests in France except Calais. Charles VIII. King of France. 1430 Henry VI. crowned at Paris, in December. Amurath II. conquers Macedonia. Humphrey Duke of Gloucester. The Medici at Florence. 1431 Joan of Arc burned at Rouen. 1433 Lisbon the capital of Portugal. Council of Basle. Birth of Thomas Malory. 1435 Treaty of Arras, between France and Burgundy. Sicily and Naples united.. End of Hussite wars. War of Turks with Venice. 1436 Invention of Printing by Gutteaberg. I SM ______...,-.~.,,',,,- ~ ~,".~.d, 4joiyrigiH,a lowa, uy, vrwu A. Ug~le & \UO.

Page  XIII SUPPLEMENT XIII. i Fa * ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. I A. )P. 1437 Jfames I., of Scotland, murdered. James II. becomes King. Albert V., Duke of Austria, obtains Bohemia and Hungary, and is made Emperor of Germany. 1438 University of Florence founded. The Pragmatic Sanction; Albert V., of Austria, becomes Emperor of Germany. 1439 Council of Florence. Title of Emperor limited to the Austrian IHapsburgs. 1442 Battle of Vasag; Turks routed by Hungarians. 1443 Battle of Nissa; Turks again defeated. 1445 Birth of Leonardo da Vinci. The Arabian Nights issued (?). 1447 Nicholas V. Pope. Duke of Gloucester murdered. 1449 The Cforzas at Milan. Alphonso V. at Aragon. Peacock's "Represser." 1450 Jack Cade's insurrection. Early English ballads. Birth of Dunbar; died 1530. 1451 University of Glasgow founded. 1452 Earl Douglas murdered by James II. The Archduchy of Austria created, with sovereign power, by Frederick III. 1453 Constantinople captured by Mohammed II.; End of the Eastern Empire. End of the French and English wars. The Mazarin Bible issued. 1455-'71 War of the. Roses, between Henry VI. and the Duke of York, afterwards Edward IV. Battle of St. Albans. 1456 Battle of Belgrade; Turks repulsed by Hungarians. 1457 Frederick III. divides Austria with his relatives. 1458 Pius II. Pope at Rome. 1460 Birth of Skelton; died 1528. The Turks conquer Greece. 1461 Edward IV. deposes Henry VI. of England. Louis XI. King of France. 1462 Ivan, the Great, of Russia, founds the modern Russian Empire. 1463 Turkish war with Venice. Close of Austria's war with Frederick III. 1464 "League of the Public Good," formed by the nobles, against Louis. 1467 Birth of Erasmus; died 1536. 1468 The Coventary mysteries. 1470-'92 Lorenzo de Medici flourished. 1471 League of Italian cities against the Turks. William Caxton establishes first English printing-press. Battle of Tewkesbury. Warwick, king-maker. 2Birth of Durer, painter; died 1528. 1473 Birth of Copernicus. Birth of Michael Angelo, architect and sculptor; died 1556. 1474 Birth of Ariosto; died 1533. Ferdinand II., of Aragon, marries Isabella, of Leon and Castile. 1475 Edward IV. invades France. Ivan introduces cannon and firearms into Russia. Birth of Sir John Fortescue. 1476 Battle of Murten. 1477 Russian war with Tartars. Artois and Burgundy united to France by Maximillian's marriage. Birth of Titian, painter; died 1576. 1478 Duke of Clarence murdered. 1479 Union of Aragon and Castile, under Ferdinand and Isabella. Great invasion of Russia by Tartars. 1480 Mongolian power in Russia destroyed. Mohammed II. takes Otranto. 1481 Frederick IV., of Nurenberg, purchases Brandenburg from Sigismund. 1482 Ivan assumes the title of the Czar of Russia. Birth of Raphael, painter; died 1520. 1483 Birth of Stephen Hawes; died 1512. Edward V. made King of England; April 8 murdered in the Tower. Richard III. usurps the throne, June 25. Charles VIII. King of France. Birth of Luther; died 1546. 1484 Spain invaded by Turks; first auto da fe at Seville. 1485 Bosworth Field. August 22, death of Richard I. Henry VII. crowned. 1486 Henry marries Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV.. B. Diaz rounds Cape of Good Hope. 1487 The Court of the Star Chamber instituted in England. Provence joined to France. 1488 War between Russia and Sweden. The Yeoman of the Guard organized in England;. 1490 Leonardo da Vinci, painter, flourished. 1491 Charles VIII. marries Anne of Brittany. Alexander VI. Pope. Sevnigorod defeats and annihilates the Tartars. 1492 Columbus sails from Spain, August 3, and discovers America, October 12; discovers Cuba, October 28; Hayti, December 6. Ferdinand conquers Grenada and destroys the Moorish power in Spain. Cesar Borgia poisons Pope Alexander VII. Henry sells the sovereignty of France. Warbeck's insurrection; quelled in 1498. Spanish persecution of the Jews. 1493 Treaty of Barcelona, between France and Spain. League between Russia and Denmark. Birth of Correggio, painter; died 1534. 1494 Charles VII. invades Italy and conquers Naples. Lollards persecuted in England. 1495 Poynings' Act in Ireland. 1496 Naples lost to Charles. Spain accrues to Austria by the marriage of Philip I. with the heiress of Aragon and Castile. 1497 Cabot discovers Labrador, June 26; and surveys Hudson's Bay, July 3. 1498 Louis XII. King of France. 1499 The French unite with Venice and seize Milan. Battle of Lepanto; victory of the Turks. Mohammedans expelled from Spain. Swiss Confederacy independent. Perkin Warbeck executed. 1500 Pinzon discovers Brazil, January 26. Cabral, the Portuguese, lands in Brazil, May 3. 1501 Brasle and Schaffhausen join the Swiss Confederation. Negro slaves imported into Hispaniola. 1502 Spanish Moors compelled to adopt Christianity. Columbus sails on his fourth voyage and discovers various isles on the coast of Honduras, and explores the coasts of the islands; discovers and names Porto Bello. November 2. 1503 Reign of Montezuma in Mexico. Louis XII., of France, invades Spain. Portuguese in India. Birth of Wyatt; died 1542. Birth of Mendoza, historian; died 1575. 1504 Death of Queen Isabella of Spain. Brazil explored by Americus Vespucius. Columbus, worried by the machinations of his enemies, returns to Spain, November 7. 1505 Birth of John Knox; died 1572. 1506 Death of Columbus, May 20; he was treated with the basest ingratitude by the Spanish Government. 3Juchanan born; died 1582. Rule of Charles V., -of Spain, in Holland. Birth of Francis Xavier; died 1552. Yucatan discovered by Solis and Pinzon. 1508 League of Cambray, between Louis XII. and Maximillian, against Venice. A. D. 1509 Henry VIII. King of England; he marries Catherine of Aragon. Venice stripped of its Italian possessions. 1510 Russia again invaded by Tartars. Execution of Dudley and Empson. Ojedo founds San Sebastian. 1511 Pope Julius II. forms the Holy League with Ferdinand and Venice. Velasquez subdues Cuba. 1512 Selim I. made King of Turkey by Janissaries. Ponce de Leon discovers the Florida coast. Birth of Vasari, painter; died 1571. Birth of Tintoretto, painter; died 1594. Navarre annexed to Spain. 1513 England invades France. Battle of Guinegate or Spurs; French defeat. Scotland invades England. Battle of Flodden Field; Scots defeated. Balboa crosses the Isthmus of Darien, and discovers the Pacific. ocean. Leo X., Pope, encourages literature and - the arts. 1514 Wolsey's power begins in England. 1515 Battle of'Marignano. Francis I. defeats the Italians, Swiss and Germans. Maximillian I. secures the Hungarian succession. Francis I. becomes King of France. First English prose history. Birth of St. Theresa; died 1582. 1516 Death of Ferdinand, King of Spain. Rule of Cardinal Ximenes. Charles I. King of Spain. Accession of the House of Austria. Turks gain Egypt. 1517 Europeans first obtain a footing in China. Selim I. defeats Mamelukes and adds Egypt to the Ottoman Empire. Luther begins the work of reformation in Germany. Fernando de Cordova discovers the Mexican coast. Luther translates and publishes the Bible and Liturgy in German. Birth of Surrey; died 1547. 1518 Grijalva penetrates into Yucatan, and names it New Spain. 1519 Cortez lands in Mexico. Charles I., of Spain, elected Emperor of Germany as Charles V. 1520 "Field of the Cloth of Gold" meeting of Francis I. with Henry VIII. Balboa passes through Magellen's Straits. 1521 Battle of Razau; Russia defeats Poland. Martin Luther excommunicated at the Diet of Worms. Conquest of Mexico by Cortez. Henry VIII. styled the "Defender of the Faith" by the Pope. France and Spain at war. 1522 Cortez made governor of Mexico by Charles V. First Scotch invasion of England. The Louvre, Paris, commenced. 1523 Italian League against Francis I. Clement VII. Pope at Rome. Berner's Froissart. SHonduras conquered by the Spaniards. Verazzani's discoveries in North America. Birth of Rousard; died 1586. 1524 Settlement of New France (Canada). 1525 Battle of Pavia. Francis I. defeated and taken prisoner by Charles V. Peasants' War in Germany. Albert of Brandenburg embraces Lutheranism and becomes Duke of East Prussia and Fief of Poland. 1526 Ferdinand I. unites Bohemia and Hungary to Austria. Pizarro discovers the coast of Quito. Selim I. defeats the Hungarians. Mongol dynasty founded in India. Tyndale's new Testament published. 1527 Germans capture Rome. Papal war. Insurrection of Moriscoes suppressed, in Spain. Death of Machiavelli. Birth of Camoens; died 1579. Sackville, earliest dramatist, born. 1528 Narvaez's expedition to Florida coast. Constable Bourbon at Rome. James V., of Scotland, reigns. Birth of P. Veronese, painter; died 1588. 1529 Diet at Spiers, Germany. Turks invade Austria. France and Spain sign treaty of peace at Cambria. Sir Thomas More, Chancellor. 1530 The Augsburg Confession published. Persecution of. Protestants begun in France. Fall and death of Cardinal Wolsey. Reformation makes great progress in Switzerland. Italy conquered by Charles V. Russia makes peace with the Tartars. 1531 League of Smalkald formed by Protestant princes. First European Colony in South America. San Vincente founded. Royal printing press established in France. Elliot's "Governor" issued. Death of Zwingle; born 1484. 1532 France annexes Brittany. Conquest of Peru begins. Calvin at Geneva. 1533 Ivan I., Czar, noted for his cruelty. Henry divorces Catherine, and marries Anne Boleyn. Birth of Montague; died 1592. The Hotel de Ville, Paris, founded. 1534 The Anabapitist--war; they capture Munster. Henry VIII_.As styled "Head of the Church"; authority of the Pope of Rome abolished in the kingdom. Cartier's expedition to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. Rebellion of Fitzgerald in Ireland. Foundation of Jesuit order. Comeggio died; born 1493. 1535 Execution of Sir Thomas More, in England. Cartier's second voyage, enters and names the St. Lawrence, ascends the river as far as present site of MontreaL Mendoza founds Buenos Ayres, and conquers adjacent country. California supposed to have been discovered by an expedition fitted out by Cortez under Grijalva. Cromwell, vicar-general in England, Suppression of monasteries in England. Coverdale's Bible issued. Mendoza erects the first Mexican mint, 1536 Suppression of the Anabaptists, and death of John of Leyden. Anne Boleyn beheaded; Henry marries Jane Seymour. The Portuguese granted Macao, China. The Boulevards, Paris, commenced. 1537 English suppression of the monasteries. Death of Jane Seymour. Pilgrimage of Grace. 1539 Adoption of the six articles, England. First edition of Cromwell's Bible pt'blished. -ranmer's Anglican Liturgy., 1540 Execution of Cromwell. Greece subjected to the Ottoman Em.pire. Henry VIII. marries Annie of Cleves, January 6; divorced July 9; marries Catherine Howard, August 8. James V., of Scotland, dies. Mary proclaimed Queen of Scots; regency of Cardinal Beaten. Birth of Gascoigne; died 1577. Birth of Gilbert (magnetism); died 1603. Orellana sails down the Amazon to the sea. A. D. 1541 Great Tartar invasion of Russia repelled. De Soto discovers the Mississippi River. 1542 Catherine Howard executed. Henry VIII. takes the title of. King of Ireland. Roberval's expedition. to the St. Lawrence. 1543 Ivan IV., the Terrible, reigns, at the age of -fourteen. Henry VIII. marries Catherine Parr. Death of Copernicus; born 1473. 1544 Gri:on League joins Swiss Confederacy. France rut war with England and Spain. English invasion of France under Henry VIII. Birth of Tasso; died 1595. University of Konigsberg founded by Duke Albert. 1545 Ivan IV. crowned by the Patriarch. Pope Paul III. erects Parma and Placentia into a Duchy. Ascham "Toxophilus." Council of Trent. 1546 Death of Martin Luther. France concludes peace with England. Assassination of Beaton, regent of Scotland. 1546-'52 Charles V.,.of Germany, makes war on the Protestants, who are assisted later by Henry II. 1547 Earl of Surrey, England, executed. Death of Henry VIII. Edward VI. reigns under protectorship of the Duke of Somerset. Henry II. King of France. Battle of Pinkey. Death of Victoria Colonna; born 1490. The Smalcadic war. Birth of Cervantes; died 1616. 1548 H-all's Chronicle issued. 1549 Execution of Lord Seymour, England; arrest of his brother, the Duke of Somerset. 1550 John Knox's Scotch reformation. Udal, earliest English comedy. Birth of Coke; died 1634.' 1551 Wilson's Art of Rhetoric published. 1552 The Book of Common Prayer published in England. Duke of Somerset beheaded. Metz successfully defended by the Duke of Guise.' Close of religious war in Germany by the Peace of Passan. Massacre of Cazan, Russia. Birth of Sir Walter Raleigh; died 1618. 1553 Mary Tudor, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, succeeds Edward, July 6. Lady Jane Gray proclaimed Queen of England, July 10, but relinquishes the title. Restores the Roman Catholic religion in England. Trade between England and Russia begun by the "Russian Company." Servetus burnt by Calvin. Birth of Hooker; died 1600. Birth of Spenser; died 1599. 1554 Lady Jane Gray and Lord Guilford Dudley beheaded. Mary marries Philip of Spain. Birth of Sir Philip Sydney; died 1586. Persecution of Protestants in England. Siberia discovered. WVyatt's insurrection suppressed i. England. 1555 The English martyrs, Latimer, Ridley, Rogers, and Cranmer burned at the stake. Philip II. rules in Holland. Religious peace of Augsburg. Bale's "King John" issued. 1556 Charles, of Spain and Germany, retires to a monastery. Philip II. King of Spain. Ferdinand, his brother, succeeds in Germany. Reign of Akbar, the greatest sovereign of Hindoostan. 1557 Spain at war with France. Battle of St. Quentin; Philip gains a decisive victory. Alva takes Rome. 1558 Calais retaken by the French. Mary, of Guise, in Scotland, marries the Dauphine. Elizabeth accedes to English throne, November 17. Re-establishes the Church of England. 1559 Francis II. King of France. Treaty of Cateau-Cambreris signed. William Cecil Secretary in England. 1560 Charles IX. King of France; regency of Catherine de Medici. The Geneva Bible issued. Birth of Southwell; died 1596. Persecution of Protestants begun in Spain. 1561 Birth of Bacon; died 1626. Mary Stuart reigns in Scotland. Religious wars in France. 1562 Massacre of Protestants at Vassy. Huguenots defeated at Dreux by Guise. Russia and Sweden unite against Poland. Port Royal, Carolinas, founded by Huguenots. 1563 Guise killed at the siege of Orleans. Temporary peace with the Huguenots. The Escurial Palace of Spain founded. Tusser's Bucolics issued. Birth of Drayton; died 1631. 1564 Maximillian II. King of Germany. Florida colonized by Huguenots. Birth of Shakespeare; died 1616; Birth of Galileo; died 1640. The Tuileries, Paris, begun. 1565 Philip establishes the Inquisition in Holland. Mary Queen of Scots marries Lord Darnley. St. Augustine, Florida, founded by Melendez. 1566 Confederacy of "Guenx" (beggars) against Philip's cruelty. Murder of Rizzio, by Darnley, March 9.1567 Religious wars resumed in France; Huguenots defeated at St. Denis. Alva enters the Netherlands. Assassination of Darnley, Feb. 10; Mary accused of connivance. Mary marries Brothwell, May 15; abdicates in favor of her son. James VI., Earl of Murray, regent. 1568 Mary escapes from prison, is defeated by Murray, at Langside, May 13. and seeks shelter in England. Bishop's Bible issued. 1569 Huguenots defeated at Jarnac and Moucontour. 1570 Rebellion of Moriscoes, in Spain, uut down. Ivan massacres.25,000 persons at Novgorod, Russia. Hungary definitely annexed to Austria. Murray murdered; Lennox becomes regent. 1571 Birth of Kepler; died 1630. Spain allied with Venice and the Pope against the Turks. Battle of Lepanto; Turkish power crippled. Moscow, Russia, burned by the Tartars. Lennox murdered; Mar becomes regent. -1572 Rebellion of William of Orange against Philip's tyranny. Massacre of St. Bartholomew, France, August 24. Henry of Navarre marries Marguerite, of Valois. Birth of Inigo Jones; died 1652. 1574 Accession of Henry III., of France, the last of the Valois. Birth of Ben Jonson; died 1637. 1575 Elizabeth, of England, declines the sovereignty of Holland. Birth of Guido Reni, painter; died 1642. 1576 Ghent pacified. Provinces in Holland unite against Spain. Accession of Rudolph II., of Germany. Frobisher enters San Francisco Bay. The Holy Catholic League organized. A. D. 1576 Birth of Burton; died 1640. Birth of Fletcher; died 1625. 1577 Birth of Rubens, painter; died 1626. 1579 League of Utrecht. Northern provinces of Holland declare their independence. Fitzgerald's Irish rebellion suppressed. Sir Francis Drake lands in the Moluccas. 1580 Alva, of Spain, conquers Portugal; the united provinces renounce their allegiance. English take fortress of Smerwick, in Ireland, from Italians, and butcher 700 prisoners. Birth of Alexander, of Sterling; died 1640. 1581 Campian's Jesuit conspiracy suppressed. 1582 Sante Fe, New Meico, founded by Espejo. 1583 Birth of Hugo Grotius; died 1645. 1584 William of Orange assassinated. Henry III. killed by Jacques Clement; accession of Henry IV., of Navarre, first of Bourbon line. Expedition of Amidas and Barlow to America. 1585 Southern provinces of Holland subdued by the Duke of Parma. Treaty of Peace between Holland and England. Failure of Raleigh's Roanoke Island settlements. Davis Strait discovered by Davis. 1586 Battle of Zutphen. Sir Philip Sydney killed. Birth of Beaumont; died 1616. 1587 Prince Maurice becomes Stadtholder of Holland. Execution of Mary Queen of Scots at Frotheringay Castle. 1588 Assassination of the Duke of Guise and his brother, by order of the King. Destruction of the Spanish Armada off the English coast. 1590 Battle of Ivry. Henry IV. defeats the League. Barnevaldt, grand Pensionary of Holland. 1591 Birth of Herrick; died 1674. 1592.Sigismund, of Poland, in Sweden. Birth of Quarles; died 1644. Birth of Gassendi; died 1655. 1593 Henry IV. adopts the Catholic faith. 1594 Birth of Shirley; died 1666. 1595 Shakespeare's poems first issued. 1596 Capture of Cadiz by Essex. University of Barcellona founded. Birth of Descartes; died 1650. 1597 Bacon's essays published. 1598 Death of Philip II., of Spain. Philip III. King; he banishes 300,000 Moors from Spain by A. D. 1610. The Netherlands ceded to Austria. Edict of Nantes in favor of Protestants, by Henry IV. Irish rebellion of O'Niel, or Tyrone; defeat of the English at Blackwater. Henry IV. commissions De la Roche to conquer Canada, in which he fails. The race of Ruric, who had governed Russia for 700 years, becomes extinct. Bodleian founded. 1599 Appenzel joins the Swiss Cantons. Birth of Vandyck, painter; died 1641. Birth of Velasquez, painter; died 1660. Modern History. 1600 Maurice, of Holland, invades Flanders. The Dutch East India Company chartered with a capital of $360,000. Chauvin's trading voyages to Tadoussac, Canada. Birth of the painter, Rembrandt; died 1669. Birth of Claude Lorraine, painter; died 1682. Portuguese introduce tobacco into India. 1601 Execution of the Earl of Essex, February 25. Alleged discovery of Australia by Portuguese. 1602 Siege.of Geneva, Switzerland; Charles of Savoy defeated. Champlain's first expedition to the St. Lawrence. 1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth; accession of James IV., of Scotland, to English Crown, as James I. Union of England and Scotland, March 4. 1604 First settlements in Nova Scotia by Acadians. Port Royal; on Bay of Fundy, founded. Hampton Court Conference. 1605 Discovery of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament. 1606 Great fire in Constantinople. Matins at Moscow. Demetrius, a pretended son of Ivan, and many Poles massacred. Liberty of worship given to Protestants, in Austria, by peace of Vienna. Australia observed by the Dutch. Silk and other manufactures introduced into France. Mantua ceded to the Emperor of Austria. Birth of Corneille; died 1684. 1607 Settlement of Jamestown, Va., by Lord de la v, 1608 Quebec founded oy aqomplain. John Sigismund created Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. Ulster settlements made by the English. Birth of John Milton; died 1674. 1609 Truce of Antwerp; independence of united provinces of Holland. Moriscoes expelled from Spain by Philip III. The Douay Bible first issued. Peace between Spain and the Dutch. Henry Hudson discovers Hudson River. Champlain's discoveries in Canada. Virginia obtains a new charter. Hawkins at Mogul Court. King James drives the Irish from Ulster and divides the land between England and Scotland. 1610 "King James' Version" of the Bible completed. Henry IV. of France assassinated; Marie de Medici Regent. Louis XIII. King of France. The Palais-Royal, Paris, built. 1611 The title of Baronet created by James I. Champlain returns to America, founds Montreal, and is in supreme command in Canada. Issue of the English Bible, "King James' Version. Carr, afterwards Somerset, favorite in England. 1612 Mathias becomes Emperor of Germany. English factories established'in India. Virginia receives a third charter. Death of Prince Henry. 1613 Accession of the Romanoff Dynasty in Russia. Michael Fedorvoitz Czar. Champlain explores the Ottawa River, Canada. The Overbury murder, England. Louis XIII. assumes the exercise of the - Government. Princess Elizabeth, of England, marries Frederic. Elector of Palatine. 1614 English defeat Portuguese in Bombay. New Amsterdam, now New York, built by the Dutch.F Smith explores the New England coast. Dutch settlements in New Jersey. Napier's Logarithms. 1615 Villier's. Duke of Buckingham, favorite. 1616 The present Tsing Dynasty in China established by Mantchou Tartars. Death of Cervantes and Shakespeare. Harvey discovers circulation of blood. 1617 Ladislaus, of Poland, marches on Moscow. Finland ceded to Sweden. 1618 The thirty years' war begins in Bohemia, between the Protestants, under the Elector Palatine, and the Catholic Bavarian League. Sir Walter Raleigh executed. Matthias II., of Hungary, abdicates; accession of Ferdinand II. Australian coast surveyed by Zeachen and others. Kepler's Laws published. 1619 Execution of Barneveldt, Holland. The Dutch visit India and establish a united East India Company. 1620 Battle of Prague; defeat of Hungarian Protestants.Puritans arrive at Plymouth. "Great Patent" to Virginia company issued. Dutch vessels with first negro slaves enter James River. Navarre annexed to France. 1621 Spain and Holland at War. Philip IV. King of Spain. The Dutch We.st India Company formed. Lord Bacon impeached and overthrown. 1622 Seldon and Pyre impris-oned. Birth of Moliere; died 16'3. 1623 New Hampshire first settled. First edition of Shakespeare's works. 1624 Richelieu's reforms, begins with the finances. England declares war with Spain. 1625 Prince Frederick Henry reigns in Holland. Accession of Ferdinand III., of Hungary. Accession of King Charles I., of England; he marries Princess Henrietta Maria, of France. Huguenot uprising. 1626 Death of Lord Bacon. 1627 War of the Mantuan succession, in Italy. Delaware settled by Swedes and Finns. Cardinal Richelieu's scheme for colonizing Canada.. The company of one hundred associates formed. War between England and France. Birth of Brossnet; died 1704. 1628 The Duke of Buckingham assassinated. Rochelle surrenders after a memorable siege. Petition of Right, England. Massachusetts Bay settled. Elliot sent to the Tower of London. Birth of John Bunyan; died 1688. 1629 English seize French possessions in Canada. Champlain made prisoner and sent to England. Charter granted to Massachusetts Bay, Company. Edict of Restitution. 1630 The city of Boston founded. Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, invades Germany. 1631 Treaty of Cherasco, between Louis of France and Victor Amadeus I., of Savoy. Birth of Dryden; died 1700. 1632 Charter of Maryland granted to Lord Baltimore, and settled by Irish Catholics. Canada restored to the French by treaty of St. Germain. The Cavalier Poets. Birth of Lock; died 1704. 1633 Champlain returns to Canada with new settlers. Battle of Lutzen; victory and death of Gustavus Adolphus. 1634 French Academy established by Richelieu. Spain at war with France, which is Invaded. Assassination of Wallenstein. Ship money levied in England. 1635 Connecticut settlements at Hartford, Windsor and Weathersfield. Rogers Williams driven from Massachusetts, settles in Rhode Island. Death of Champlain. The "Tulip mania" prevails in Holland. 1636 University of Utrecht founded. Claius' play of Creation. 1637 Pequod Indian war in Connecticut. Gov. De Montmagny arrives in Canada. The Island of Montreal settled. Hampden's trial in England respecting "ship money." Prynne fined by Star Chamber. Harvard College founded. First settlement at Brooklyn, Long Island. 1638 New Haven colony founded. First peace between the Iroquois and Canada. Turks defeat Persians, and take Bagdad. Solemn League and Covenant between England and Scotland. 1639 Van Tromp, of Holland, captures two Spanish fleets. Pacification of Dunse. Withdrawal of English army from Scotland. First printing press in America. Birth of Racine; died 1699. 1640 John of Braganza drives Spaniards from Portugal. Portugal wins its independence. Beginning of the Long Parliament. First American book issued. 1641 Earl of Stafford beheaded. Judgment against Hampden annulled. Ulster rebellion in Ireland; massacre of English. Fort St. George built at Madras. 1642 Death of Galileo and Richelieu. Charles I. attempts to seize members In the House. Civil war in England. Battle of Edgehill, Oct. 23. Tasman coasts, South Australia and Van Diemans Land explored. Hobb's Leviathan published. Birth of Newton; died 1727. First ferry between New York and Brooklyn established. 1643 Accession of Louis XIV., the Great, In France. Regency of Anne of Austria, and ascendency of Mazarin. Battle of Chalgrove, June 18, and Newbury, Sept. 20. Covenant approved by Parliament. Turrene on the Rhine. Torricelli's Barometer. 1644 Battle of Marston Moor; victory of Cromwell. Second battle of Newbury, Oct. 27. Charter granted to Rhode Island. Indian massacre in Virginia. Self-denying ordinance, England. Birth of William Penn: died 1718. 1645 Archbishop Land beheaded, Jan. 10. Battle of Naseby, June 14; decisive defeat of royalists. Battle of Philiphaugh; Montrose-defeated by Cromwell. Alexis, called the Father of his country, Czar of Russia. Royal Society of England founded. 1646 Charles I. seeks refuge in Scotland, and is surrendered to the Parliament. Birth of Leibnitz; died 1716. 1647 Conversion of Indians in Canada to Christianity. 1648 Treaty of Westphalia. Switzerland's tndependence acknowledged. Holland, given up by Spain, becomes a republic. End of the thirty years' war between Catholics and Protestants. Pomerania. and other territory, annexed to Prussia. Civil wars of the Froude. F' Copyright, 1905, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co,

Page  XIV IQ-? LL -L _- ^ - ^ ^ -^ --^ ^ -.- -. -~ ii.i.......... __ - --^ ---^ --- --^ ^-- ^ ^ ^ ^ ^_. ^ _. -_ _ ~ _^ ^ PPSU P P _L E_._B_ NI T _______ ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTOEY. 1648 Canadians at war -with the Indians. The House of Brandenburg acquire Halberstadt and Minden. New Amsterdam contains about 1,000 inhabitants. 1649 Trial and execution of Charles I. Massacre and capture of Drogheda, Ireland, by Cromwell. Confession of Faith. 1650 Marquis of Montrose beheaded in Scotland. 1651 Leopold I. made King of Hungary. Charles 11. crown ed at Scone, Scotland, Jan. 1. Battle of Worcester, Sept. 3, and defeat of royalists. Charles II. flees to France. "Barebone.s" Parliament. Birth of Fenelon; died 1715. English Navigation Act. 1652 England at war -with Holland. The Dutch, under Van Tromp, "sweep the Channel." De Ruyter defeated by Blake. 1653 Negro insurrection suppressed in 'Mexico. Peace between England and Holland. Death of Van Tromp. Long Parliament dissolved by Cromwell, April 20. He becomes Lord Protector, Dec. 16. 1654 Jesuits establish themselves among the Onondaga Iroquois. Russian victories in Poland. 1655 Spain and England at war, which lasts five years. 1656 Russian Truce of Niemetz, or Wilma, with Poland. Prussia declared independent of Poland. Frederic William, the Great Elector. Jamaica conquered. 1657 Convention gives Cromwell power to appoint his successor. Death of Admiral Blake. 1658 Accession of Leopold I. in Germany. Death of Oliver Cromwell; Richard Cromwell, his son, succeeds him. 1659 Auto de fa, of the Inquisition, Mexico. Richard Cromwell resigns title of Lord Protector. Peace of the Pyrenees. 1660 The restoration. Charles II. returns to England; the monarchy re-established. Birth of Stahl; died 1734. 1661 Death "of Mazarin. Colbert, Minister of Finance, in.France. Execution of the Marquis of Argyle, in Scotland. Birth of De Foe; died 1731. The Ro~yal Palace at Versailles commenced; court open~ed there in 1672. 1662 Terrible earthquake in Pekin; 300,000 lives lost. Act of Uniform-ity, May 19. The Church of England restored. Charles mnarries Catherine of Braganza, May 20. 1L663 Canada becomes a royal government under Louis XIV. Earthquake in Canada. Birth of Cotton Mather; died 1728. 1664 France begins war with Holland. New Jersey sold to Lord Berkeley; settled at Elizabethtown. The English take New Amsterdam and name it New York. North Carolina settled. De Courcelles governor in Canada. War with the Mohawks. 1665) Second Dutch war with England. Death of Philip II.; regency of Anne. The Great Plague in London. Western Australia named New Holland, by Dutch. Canada granted to French West India Company. 1666 De Ruyter defeated by Monk. Mohawk villages destroyed by the French. Carolina. Champs Elysees, Paris, planted. 1671 Birth of Steele; died 1729. 1672 Coude and Turenne overrun Holland. Perpetual edict of 1667 revoked. William of Orange, stadtholder. The De Witts assassinated in Holland. The Holland 'dikes opened, and French driven out. The French acquire Pondicherry, India. Count de Frontenac, Governor of Canada. Paris Academy of Music founded. Birth of Addison; died 1719. 1673 Virginia granted to Arlington and Culpepper. Discoveries of Marquette and Joliet in the northwest. 1674 Death of the poet John Milton. Discovery of the Mississippi. 1675 King Philip's war in New England. Birth of Clarke; died 1729. 1677 Williamn of Orange mnarries Mary. "Paradise Lost" first published. 1678 Russia begins war with the Turks. Peace of Nimeguen, France England alarmed by Titus Oates, stories of a false "Popish plot." I Sir Edward Berry Godfrey found murdered. *Expedition ot La Salle. Bunyan's "Pilgrim Progress" published. Birth of Bolinbroke; died 1751. 169'9 Habeas Corpus Act passes parliament. Archbishop Sharpe murdered by covenanters, who defeat Cloverhouse atLondon Hill, but are routed at Bothwell Bridge. 6380 East India Company begins trading in Execution of Lord Stafford, Dec. 29. Mississippi river explored by Hennepin. Charleston, South Carolina, founded. The Exclusion Bill, England. Origin of the Whig and Tory. Mahratta. power begins in India. 1681 La Salle sails down the Mississippi, and names Louisiana. De Frontenac recalled from Canada. Reign of Ivan and Peter I., the Great, in Russia. Murder of La Salle, in Louisiana. The Cossacks subdued by Russia. 1682 Wiliam Penn settles in Pennsylvania. Deleaware granted to Penn. 1-683 Sobigski, of Poland, raises the siege of Vienna. Disco rery of Rye House plot, to secure succassion for Duke of Monmouth. Execution of Lord Russell, July 21, and Algernon Sydney, Dec. 7. Canada renews war -with the Iroquois. Mahome;-k. I. besieges Vienna, but fails. 1684 Greece iuvaded by the Venetians. Birth of Berkeley; died 1753. 1685 Revocation of Edict of Nantes; terrible persecutions of French and Protestants follow. Accession of James IIL of England. Argyie's rebellion suppressed, and his execution. Duke of Monmouth, natural son of Charles II., lands at Lyme, June 11; proclaimed king at Taunton, June 20. I 1685 Battle of Segemoor, July 6; defeat and execution of Monmouth. Texas colonized by Spaniards., Birth of Handel; died 1759, Birth of Bach; died 1750. 1686 William Dampier lands in Australia. Louis marries Madame de Maintenon. Alliance between Russia and Poland against the Turks. Birth of Allan Ramsay; died 1757. Birth of Young; died 1765. 16S7 Athens captured by the Venetians. Hungarian crown declared to be in the Austrian male line. Accession of Joseph I. Madam Guyon, and the "Quietists," persecuted. 1688 Trial and acquittal of the seven bishops, June 30. Abdication and flight of James IT,, Dec. 23. Landing of the Prince of Orange on English soil. Bonsset's Variations issued. *Birth of Pope; died 1744. 1689 William and Mary proclaimed King and ýQueen, Feb. 13. James II. lands in Ireland. Peter the Great, sole sovereign in Russia. Cloverhouse's rebellion in Scotland suppressed. King William's war. French and Indians ravage New England frontier. Canadian expedition fails. The Toleration Act passes Parliament. Iroquois lay waste the Island of Montreal. Frontenac again made Governor of Canada. France at war with England. Birth of Montesquieu; died 1755. 1690 French and Indians destroy Schenectady, New York. Massacre of Salmon Falls. Siege of Londonderry. British colonies in America resolve to invade Canada. Unsuccessful attack made on Quebec by the- British fleet.. Spain joins the "Grand Alliance" against France. William III. lands in Ireland, June 10. Battle of the Boyne, July., 1; James defeated. 1691 French invasion of Spain. Aragon and Catalonia ravaged. Treaty of Limerick deprives James of power in Ireland, and grants amnesty to rebels. 1692 Beginning of the Eng-lish national debt. insurrection in the City of -Mexico. Massacre of Glencoe. Battles in Steinkirk and' Landen. - Birth of Bradley; died 1762.' 1693 Battle of Marsaglia; the Duke of Savoy defeated by the French under Catinat. 1694 Bank of Enlgland established. Mary, Queen of England, dies. Dictionary of French Academy issued. University of Halle founded. Birth of Bishop Butler; died 1752. Birth of Voltaire; died 1778. Birth of -Chesterfield; died 1773. 1695 Turks again invade Hungary. Bayle's Dictionary published. Abolition of censorship of the English press. Namur falls. 1696 Trinity Church, New York, founded. 1697 Peace of Ryswick. Treaty between' England,- France, -Spain and Holland. Peter, Czar of Russia, visits Holland and England, and learnis useful trades. Peter suppresses the conspiracy of the Strelitz, and punishes its members with barbarous cruelty. End of King William's war. Bourbon. 1701 War of the Spanish succession begins in Italy and continues until 1713. Death of James II., in exile, at St. Germain, Sept. -16. Spain allied with France and Mantua. The French found Detroit.. The Prussian monarchy established by Frederick, and recognized by Leopold, of Germany. Russia at war with Sweden. Total defeat of Peter at the battle of Narva, by Charles XII. Censu~s of New York gave 6,000 inhabit1702 Death of William III.-of England. Annie succeeds to the English throne, March 8. Beg-inning- of "Queen Anne's "War." Prussia takes Guelders from the Dutch. Holland, Austria and England declare war. with France and Spain. Treaty of French with the Five NatioW~. Massachusetts frontier ravaged by Indians. 1.703 Peter founds St. Petersburgh!, and makes it the capital of the empire. Portugal joins alliance against Spain and France. Irish parliament petitions for union. Birth of Jonathan Edwards; died 1758. Birth of John Wesley; died 1794. 1704 Battle of Blenheim; English and their allies, under Marlborough, victorious over the French. The English capture Gibraltar. Peter abolishes the Strelitz, or royal body guard. England passes the Irish "Popery Act." Battle of Donanwerth. 1705 Charles acknowledged King of Spain at Barcelona.t Joseph 1. becomes Emperor of Germany. 1706 Defeat of the French at Ramilles. Battle of Turin. The French raise the siege and surrender Naples and Lombardy. ý71rth of Den Franklin; died 1790. M- 7 Union of England and Scotland as the Kingdom of Great Britain. Nuenburg seized and Lecklenburg purchased by Frederick 1. Holland, Germany and England at "war against France. First expedition against Port Royal, Nova Scotia, falls. Defeat of the allies at Almauze.' Death of Aurungzebe. Birth of Fielding; died 1754. Birth of Buffon; died 1788. 1708 Mantua ceded to Joseph I., of Austria. The French squadron routed by the' English, under Admiral Byng. Discovery of Herculaneum, 1709 England determines upon the conquest of Canada. Battle of Pultowa; Peter totally defeats Charles X11., of Sweden, who flies to Turkey. 14,000 8wedish prisoners sent by Peter to colonize Siberia. 1709 Battle of Malplaquet; Marlborough again defeats the French. Birth of Sam~ruel Johnson, died 1784. 1710 Capture of Fort Royal, Nova Scotia, by the English, and name changed toAn napolis. Rout of Spaniards, under Philip V., St battle of Almenava. Sacheverell's r~iots. in Great Britain; dis-_ senting meeting houses destroyed. The "Tattler" first 'published. 1711 Attack and repulse of English fleet oil Quebec. Russia at war with Turkey. Accession of Charles V1., of Germany. A slave market opened in Wall1 Street,, New York. Birth of Hume; died 1776. 1712 The principality of Meurs acquirtA by Prussia. Peace of Aargau; end of the religious war in Switzerland. Accession of Charles as Emperor of Austria. BLi-th of Rosseau; died 1779, 1713 Treaty of Utrecht between the great powers, and terminate,- Luic wars of Queen Anne. Newfotindland and Novfe. icotia ceded to England. Italy divided; a part of the Duchy of Milan given to the Emperor of Austria. Barcelona, Spain; besieged., Frederick 'William I. becomes King of Prussia. Peter takes Cthe title of Emperor of Russia. Birth of Sterne; died 1768. 1714 Death of Queen Anne. George 1. becomes King of England,, Aug. 1. Hanovarian succession begins. Treaty of Rastadt; Austria acquires the N'ttherlands. Birth of Whitefield; died 1770. Birth of Gluck; died 1787. 1715 Rebellion in Scotland under the Earl of Mar. Battles of Preston and Sherlffmuir and defeat of the rebels. Landing of the Chevilier at Peterhead, December 22. Louis XV., King of France, with the Duke of Orleans Regent. Austria acquires Naples, Milan, etc. Russia adds Esthonia, Levonia, and a large part of Finland to the Empire. Peter visits Germany, I-olland and France. Occupation of the Morea by' Turkey. Rule of Cardinal Alberon! in Spain. (Lrussia aasd Sweden at wax. Death of Louis the Great; accession of Louis XV., his grandson. 1716 Great era of speculation. George Law's financial schemes. The village charter of Brooklyn first issued. The. Septennial Bill passed in England. Birth of Garrick, actor; died 1779. 1717 New Orleans founded. Belgrade abandoned by Turkey. 1718 The Duke of Savoy becomes King of Sardinia. Peace of Passavowitz. Austria gains additional territory. Russia expels the Jesuits. Turkey re-establishes supremacy in Greece. Arch of St. Denis, Paris, completed. 1719 Battle of Glenshiel. P Ostend East India Company founded. Mohammed Shah ascends the throne of India. Robinson Crusoe published. 1720 Sardinia is made a kingdom. Law's Mississippi South Sea Bubble, and other schemes, cdollapse. Widespread financial distress. 1721 0 -11-4- ofA -le; id 1771. many. Birth of Hutton; died 1797. 1727 Death of George I., and accession of George II., in England, June 11. Death of Sir Isaac Newton. 1-728 Birth of Goldsmith; died 1774. 1729 A city library founded in New York. Birth of Lessing; died 1781. 1730 Peter 11., the last of the Romanoffs, deposed. Anne, Duchess of Courland and daughter of Ivan IV., becomes Empress of Russia. Birth of J. Watt; died 1819. 17M. Birth of Cavendish; died 1810. Birth of Cow-per: died 1800. 1732 Birth of George Washington, Feby. 22. 1733 Georgia settled by Oglethorpe. Birth of Wieland; died 1813. 1734 "Lettres Philosophiques" burnt by the Birth o riestly; died 1804. 17.35 Charles, the son of Philip V., conquers.Naples a-rd crowned king of the two Birth of John Adams; died 1826. 1736 Marriage of Maria Theresa to Francis I., Duke of Lorraine. War between Spain and Portugal. Birth of Mozart, musician; died 1-792. 1737 Hungary again at war with the Turks. Birth of ("ibbon, historian; died 1794. 1738 Birth of Benjamin West, painter; died' Birth of Sir William Herschel; died 1822. 1739 England E,,gain declares war with Spain. Treaty of Belgrade between Russia, Austria and Turkey. Russia renounces her rights on the Blacwk Sea. Invasion of India by Persia. Delhi sacked by Nadir Shah. Methodism. begins in England. Prohibition of the publication of De~bates in England. 1-740 Death of the Emperor,ý Charles VI., of Germany., last of the male line of the House of Hapsburg. Maria Theresa, his daughter, becomes Queen of Hungary and Empress of GerFrederick the Great, King of Prussia. Prussia advanced to the rank of a -firstclass power. Ivan VI., an infant, emperor of Russia. New York Society Library founded. Swedenborg flourishes. 1741 Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and France make war upon Maria Theresa, who receives support from Great Britain. Prussian victory at Molwitz. Breslau ceded to Prussia. )Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great, imprisons Ivan VI. for life and reigns in his stead. Russia at war with Sweden. 1742 The Elector of Bavaria elected Emperor of Germany as Charles VII. 1743 The French defeated at Dettingn by the English. Birth of Thomas Jefferson; died 1826. 1744 Hostilities renewed in America between France and England, Known as King George's War, Friesland annexed to Prussia. L745 Capture of Louisburg by Massachusetts militia, under Pepperell. Francis I., Duke of Lorraine, consort of Maria Theresa, elec~tc,'- T-mperor of Germany. The young pretender lands at Moidart, Scotland. Defeat of the Royalists at Freston Pans, Jan. 17, and invasion of England, Birth of Hannah More; died -- Birth of John Jay; died 1829. Birth of Benjamin Rush; died 1813. 1746 Royalists again defeated at Falkirk, Jan. 17. Total defeat of the Pretender, at Culloden, April 16. Victories of Marshal Saxe. Invasion of Shirley, Nova Scotia. French and English struggle for possession of India. Capture of Madras by the French, 31747 The French invade Flanders. Stadtholdership revived in Holland. Zlexecution of Lord Lovat in England. KooDstock's Messiah issued. Birth of David, painter; died 1825. 1748 The Peace of Aix la Chapelle. Tlie House of Austria confirmed in the possession of Milan. France takes a part of Flanders. 1749 *De La Jouquille becomes governor of Canada. French encroach upon Nova Scotia. Birth of Goethe; died 1832. Birth of Laplace; died 1827. Birth of Playfair.2 died -- 1750 Treaty of. Madrid, between England and Spain. The first theater in Ne,-ki York opened. Discovery of Pompeii. Paoli's Corsican revolt, 1819. 1751 Lord Clive takes Arcot, India, Diderot and D Alembert French Encyclopedie. Birth of Sheridan; died 1817. Birth of James Madison; died 1836. 1752 The Marquis Duquesne Governor of Canada; he prepares for war with Great Britain and her colonies. The French dispute the claim of Virginia to the valley of the Ohio. New style of year introduced into Eng,land; Sept. 3 counted as Sept. 14. The Journals ordered to be printed by the British Parliament. 1753 Hostilities begin in the American colonies; French seize Hudson Bay Company's trading posts; George Washington sent to St. Pierre. Charles III. King of Spain. 1754 Kentucky settled by Daniel Boone. Peace between France and England;n India. Fort Necessity built at Great Meadows; Washington surrenders it to De Vilhlere with honors of war. Kings, now Columbia, College, New York, chartered. 1755 Braddock and hiAs army defeated by the French and Indians. Defeat of Dieskau. at Lake George. French Acadians taken from their homes. Frontier settlements in New York and Pennsylvania harassed by the French and Indians. Niagara expedition fails. Lisbon destroyed by an earthquake. Birth of Dr. Hahnemann; died 1843. Birth of Mrs. Siddons, actress; died 1831. 1756 War declared between France and England. Beginning of the Seven Years' War. Au~stria, Russia and France allied against Prussia. Frederick invades Saxony and captures Saxon army. Victory of Frederick in the- battles of Rosbach., Nov. 5, and Lissa, Dec. 5. Attempted assassination of King Louis.of.France by Damiens. Birth of Jonathan Trumbull; died 1804. Birth of Alexander Hamilton; died 1804. Birth of J. P. Kemble, actor; died 1823. Birth of Canova, sculptor; died 1822.* 1758 Louisburg captured by the English, under Wolfe. Cape Breto 'n Island and Prince Edward's Island captured. Abercrombie defeated by Montcalm, at; Ticonderoga. Fort Frontenac capitulates to Bradstreet; Fort George built. General Forbes captures Fort Duquesne from- the French. Prussians defeated at the Battle of H4ochkerchau. The French seize Forts St. David and Ascot, India. 1759 Fort Niagara captured by the British, July 23. The French abandon Ticonderoga and Crown Point. Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Death of the French and English commanders, Montcalm. and Wolfe, Sept. 13. Quebec surrenders to the English. Charles III., King of the two Sicilies, becomes King of Spain. The Prussians defeated in.the battles of Minders, Cu-nersdorf and Maxen. The French driven back in India. England obtains much territory from Subadhar, of Deccan. Birth of Robert Burns, died 1796. Birth of Schiller; died 1805. 1760 Quebec attacked by the French under De Levi. Montreal captured by the English. Surrender of Canada to Great Britain. Death of George II., of England, and succession of George III, Oct. 25. Berlin captured by the Austrians and Russians.| Battle of Torgan; defeat of the Austrians. Thurot's invasion of Ireland. Coote retakes Arcot, India. 1761 George III. marries Charlotte Sophia, of Mecklenburg, Strelitz. The French surrender Pondicherry, in India. 1762 Revolution at St. Petersburg. Peter III. murdered, and Catherine II., called 'the Great, becomes Empress of Russia. Spain again declares war against England and Portugal, and invades the latter country. Battles of Freiberg and Burkersdorf; Austrians defeated in Silesia, by Frederick. Jesuits banished from France. Lord Rute, Prime Minister, England. 1763 Peace of Paris. Canada ceded to Great Britain. Pondicherry restored to France. Governor.Murray appointed governor of Canada, and first introduces English laws. 1768 Close of the Seven Years' War. Treaty of Hubertsburg; Siiesia added Wo Prussia. Treaty of Madrid restores peace be. tween Spain, Portugal and England. John Wilkes arrested for sedition. Explorations of Willis and Carteret in Australia. Great defeat of native princes, at battle of, Buxar, India, Oct. 23. Pontiac's war; Indians capture English forts and massacre inhabitants. The Sandy Hook lighthouse first lighted. G. Granville, English Prime Minister. Birth of J. Paul Richter; died 1825. 1764 Murder of Ivan VI., by order of the Empress. Indians sue for peace. End of Pontiac's war. British parliament decrees heavy duties on imports. The Pantheon, St. Genevieve, Paris', founded. Mo0deV^rn 'H'iSto0r y. From A. D. 1765 to the present thme, by Countries. 1793 Reception of the English Embassy at Pekin. 1812 Edict against Christianity because of Jesuits. 1816 Failure of Lord Ambert's Embassy. 1832 Kingdom of Korea established. 1834 Opium trade prohibited. 1839 Opium seized, causing trouble with British. Chinese outrages in Canton. Hong Kong captured. Naval battles. 1840 Trade with England forbidden by the Emperor. Canton and coast blockaded. War ends in a truce. 1841 War renewed owing to China's bad faith. Victory of the British. Treaty giving England Hong Kong and $6,000,000, repudiateO i ^ Emperor. 1842 Treaty of peace, at Nau-nzIn, with England, August 29. Hong Kong ceded to England. The Chinese cities of Canton, Amoy, Foochoofoo, Ningpo and Shanghae opened to British. China pays $21,000,000. 1843 Treaty ratified by Queen Victoria and the Emperor Taou-Kwang. Hong Kong charter issued, April 5. 1850 Rebellion in Quang-Si successful. 1853 Nankin and Shanghae taken by rebels. 1856 Renewal of war owing to Chinese outrages on Europeans. Commodore Elliott, U. S. N.,, destroys Chinese fleet. 1857 Blockade of Canton. 1858 Capture of Canton by English and French. Treaty of Lord Elgin. Chinese pirates, destroyed. 1859 Commercial treaty with United States. English Envoy attacked by Chinese. 1860 England and France at war with China. European Allies victorious. Treaty of peace signed October 24. 22; accession of Tsai-Tien, born 1871, son of Prince Chan. First Chinesu railway from Shanghae to Woosung opened. 1877 Terrible famine throughout the Empire. 'Edict forbidding opium, smoking. 1880 Serious troubles with Russia. 1881 Treaty of Peace concluded with Russia. 1883 Sacking of European quarter in Canton. 1884 Treaty of peace "with France, May 11. The Imperial G-qvernment sanction the introduction of railways, June 20. The Chinese Government declare war against France, Aug. 15. French destroy Kinpai Forts at Foochow, Aug. 28. Repulse of the French at Tamsui. French admiral declares all the Formosan ports to be blockaded. Insurrection in Korea. Assassination of the King's son, Dec. 4. Dhamo, Korea, captured by the Chinese, Dec. 8. 1885 Langson, In Cochin China, captured by the French, Feb. 12; evacuated March 28. Peace concluded with France, April 6; signed at Tien-tsin, June 9. 1885 Admiralty Board created, Dec. -15. 1888 Marriage of the Emperor, Feb. 25. 1890 British Consulate at Ching-Kung-Foo wrecked, Feb. 6. 1891 Floods and famine in the Northern Districts, April. 1894-5 War with Japan and continued defeats of the Chinese armies and -navies. 1895 Peace concluded with Japan, China paying a large indemnity and relinquishing her claims on Corea. Massacre of missionaries in the interior. V900 "Boxer" -uprising- in. China. 190t Chinese government agrees to termas demanded. by the powers, 1675 Nabob of' Oudh becomles tributary to British. East India Company made receiver of Bengal, Bahar- and Orissa. 1766 Treaty with Niza M of the Deccan. 1767 Alliance of Nizam and Hyder Ali; who attack the British and are defeated at Vellore. 1769 Hyder All, a Musselman adventurer, marches on Madras and compels English to f orm alliance. 1770 Terrible famine in Bengal. 1771 The Mahrattas enter Delhi. 1772 Warren Hastings becomes governor o~ Bengal. 1774 Office of Governor General created. Rohilla army defeated. 177Lr Benare~s ceded to the East India Company; charges of bribery against Warren Hastings. Copyright, 1905, -by Gjeo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  XV ____ _ _____ __________ *gtJTSMgNTxy.*.i.,.,ii, ~~~~~~~~..~~~-. __________^^^.^..^_____ I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. I 1778 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1795 1798 1799 1800 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 18.13 1814 1817 1818 18443 1845 184E 184E 18 41. Pondicherry captured by the British. Arcot taken by Hyder Ali. Hastings defeats Hyder Ali's invasior- of.Carnatic. Defeat of the triple alliance of the Nizam, the Mahrattas and Hyder All. Battle of Novo Poft-o, July 1. Treaty of Chunar, between Hastings and.the Subadhar of- Oudh. Tippoo Saib, son of Haydes Ali, secures the assistance of the French against the English. Trincomlee lost by the British. Hyder Ali succeeded by Tippoo Saib. French troops under Bussy arrive. Tippoo Saib captures Bedmore. Treaty of peace concluded with Tippoo Saib. Pitt-'s India bill passes Parliament. Return of Warren Hastings to England. Succeeded by Sir John Macpherson. Lord Cornwallis appointed Governor.General of India. Reform of the Company's Civil Service. Declaratory Act passes parliament. Trial of Warren Hastings begins in Westminster Hall; Burke opens, Feb. 15-19; Sheridan presents charges in relation to the Begums, June 3-13. Tippoo Saib attacks Travancore, Dec. 24, and is defeated. Travancore captured and plundered by Tippoo Saib. Treaty with Mahrattas concluded. Lord Cornwallis takes Bengalore. Tippoo routed at the battle of Arikera, May 14; Hastings begins his admirable defense. Peace concluded with Tippoo Saib. Renewal of charter of East India Company for twenty years. Pondicherry taken by the British. Warren Hastings acquitted. Marquis of Wellesley appointed Governor General. British take Seringapatam. Tippoo Saib killed, May 4. Restoration of the Mysore to the rightful Hindoo sovereign. Rajah of Tangore surrenders his power to English. Surrender of Surat to the British. Nizam cedes Mysore to British. Pondicherry given to France at the treaty of Amiens.r The British receive fulrther concessions. Treaty of Bassein, between the East India Company and the Peishwa, breaks up the Mahratta confederacy. The third Mahratta war; the British, under General Lake, defeat French and Mahrattas at the battle of Delhi, Sept. Battle of Assaye; Marquis of Wellesley, with 4,500 men, defeats 50,000 natives, Sept. 23. General Lake takes Agra, Oct. 17. Treaty of peace with scindia, Dec. 30U. H~olkar lays siege to Delhi. Gen. Frazer defeats Holkar at battle of Deeg, Nov; 13. Treaty of peace with H1olkar, who cedes Bundelcund, ard other territory. Mutiny among Sepoys. Lord Minto, Governor General. War with Travancore. Travancore subdued; mutiny at Seringapatam. Ecclesiastical establishment formed. India trade thrown open to any British Marquis of Hastings, Governor General. Mahratta confederacy dissolved. Ahmednuggur ceded to English. Defeat of Holkar at Mehudpore. Pindarrie war. End of Pindarrie war; peace with Hol-kr.---.__ -esw sur--enders andn Ocdes the by the British, Aug. 7. tLord Ellenborough Gov ern or- General. 3 Ameers of Scind defeated by Sir Charles Napier, Feb. 17. 1 Lord Hardinge Governor-General. 5 Danish possessions in India purchased England at war with Sikhs; battle of G British victory over Sikhs at Sobraon, February. Treaty of Lasore. 3 Lord Dalhousie Governor-General. Second Sikh war begun, Ramnuggur taken by General Gough; again defeated at Vyseerabad. 9 The SikhWar ended with battle of GooSir Charles Napier becomes CommanderAnnexation of the Rajah to British do0 Mutiny of native infantry in Bengal. 1 Beginning of the Second Burmese war. 2" Pegu annexed to British Empire. 3. Close of the Second Burmese war. Burmah deprived of its seaboard provFirst Indian railway and telegraph opened, Bombay to Tannah. Renewal, for the last time, of East India Company's charter. Bengal put under a Lieutenant- Governor. Indian Civil Service thrown open to competition. 4 Ganges Canal opened. ý5 Calcutta Railway opened. Annexation of Oudh. 16 Lord Canning appointed Governor-Gen7 Mutiny among native regiments at Barrackpore, Burhampore and Lucknow, May 6; The great Sepoy rebellion commenced at Meerut, May 10; Delhi seized by 40,000 rebels and the King proclaimed Emperor; mutinies at Cawnpore. and Allahabad. Cawnpore surrendered by the British to Nana Sahib, June 25, Slege of Lucknow, begins July 1;. General Havelock enters Cawnpore,July 17; victory-over Nana Sahib, at Bithoor, July 19. CPapture of Delhi from the rebels8, Sept. 20; Lucknow relieved by Havelock, Rebels ruited at Battle of Cawnpore, Dec. 6.;g Battle of Futteghur, Jan. 2. Sir Colin Campbell captures Lucknow, March '.),; Rebels defeated at Kotara, July 14; at other points subdues the rebels. An Act for the better Government of India received royal assent Aug. 2. Government takes control of India from the East India Company, Sept. 1., Lord Canning made first Viceroy of India. 59 Thanksgiving day in India for peace restored. The Punjaub is made a presidency. Pacification of Oude announced, Jan, 25. 92 Lord Elgin appointed Viceroy of India. 53 Death of Lord Elgin. Sir John Lawrence made Viceroy. I I I 1866 Bengal visited by a severe famine. 1868 Earl of Mayo becomes Viceroy of India. 1870 Railway between Calcutta and Bombay opened. 1872 Assassination of Lord Mayo, Feb. 8. Lord Northbrook becomes Viceroy. 1874 Terrible famine throughout Bengal. 1875 Tour of the Prince of Wales through India, arrives at Bombay, Nov. S. 1876 Prince of Wales sails for home, March 13. Lord Lytton appoint~ed Governor General. A terrible cyclone causes loss of 220,000 lives.. Queen Victoria proclaimed, in London, Empress of India, May 1. Great famine in India, continuing nearly a year. 1877 Queen Victoria' proclaimed Empress of India, at Delhi, and other g-r~eat cities, Jan. 1. 1879 Massacres at Cabul. 1,880 Marquis of Ripon made Governor- Gen eral of India. 1882 Riot between Hindoos and Mohammed%ns in the presildancy oft Mad-ras. 1883 International exhibition at Calcutta opened, Dec. 4. Death of Maj. Gen. Francis Mardall. 1884 Death of Neshut Chunder Sen, head of the reformed theistic sect of Hindoos, Formal 'installatian of Mir Mahbub Ali, Ni2)am of Hyderabad., by Lord Ripon. The Calcutta exhibition closed March 10. Terrible epidemic of small pox, at Madra-s, March 30. The Ilbert bill passes the legislative council, Calcutta, Jan. 25. Earl of Dufferin nominated to the Viceroyalty of India, Sept. 10.' Lord Reay appointed' governor of Bombay, Dec. 13. 1885 Indian Parcel Post inaugurated July 7. Burmese expedition, from Calcutta, for Rangoon, Nov. I. Hostilities against Burmese begun by Lieut. Gen. Prendergast, Nov. 16. King of Burmah unconditionally surrenders, Nov. 30. India gives prompt aid to England during Afghan war. India tenders assistance to England during Russian controversy. 1888 Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General, Dec. 11. 1891 Massacre of native troops and English officers at Manifur, March 27. Defeat of the Manifurans by the Engli-th, May 5... 1893 Mints closed as- to free silver by order of ý,,the Indian Cou-ncil. 1899 Lord Curzon inaugurated Governor. General, Jan. 9. RUSSIA, 1768 War declared against Russia by Turkey. 1769-'84 Conquest of the Crimea. 1772 Catherine I. commences the dismemberment of Poland. 1774 Rebellion of the Cossacks. 1775 Cossacks" rebellion suppressed. 1778 Prince Potemkin becomes prime minister. 1780 Army neutrality. Russia, Sweden and Denmark declare - that "free ships make free goods." 1784 Acquisition of the Crimea. 1787 "War with Turkey renewed, 1788, War with Sweden. Treaty of Warelow. _ 79 Seon -artition of-Poland. Silistria. 1812 War with France. Napoleon invades Russia. Battle of Smolensko, Aug. 17; Russians Batte o he Borodino, Sept. 7; Russians ýBurning of Moscow by the Russians, Sept. 14. Retreat of the French. 1813 Battle of,* Leipzig, and -defeat of Napoleon.. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. The Emperor Alexander enters Paris, with the allies, in triumph. 1815 The Emperor Alexander organizes the "Holy Alliance," between Russia, AusAlexandraproclaimed King of Poland. 1822 The -Grand Duke Constantine renounces his right to the throne. 1825 Death of the Emperor Alexander. Insurrection of troops at Moscow., 1826 the Emperor Nicholas crowned at Moscow. ' --- 1827 The Emperor Nicholas visits England. 188War wit Trky, Russians generally victorious, begins April 26. 1829 Peace of Adrianople with Turkey. 1830 Polish war of independence begins. 1831 Warsaw taken by the Rusinsan the insurrection crushed, Sept., Oct. 1832 The emperor decrees that Poland shall henceforth form an integral part of the. 1840 Failure of the Khivan Expedition.^ Treaty of London signed by Russia. 1841 War with Circassians. 1848 Russia aids Austria in suppressing the Hungarian Revolution. 1849 Russia demands that Polish and Hungarian exilegý be expelled from Turkey. 1850 Conspiracy against the life of the emperor detected. Harbor of Sebastopol completed. Exiles sent to Koulsh, Asia Minor. 1852 Visit of the emperor to Vienna. 1853 Commencement of the quarrel with Turkey about the "Holy Places." Army sent to Turkish frontier. Conference of the great powers. War declared by Turkey, Oct. 5. English and French fleets enter the Bosphorus, Nov. 2. 1854 Allies enter the Black Sea. Battle of Citate, Jan. 6; Russians de. feated. Ultimatum of France and E~ngland unianswered by Russia.,~ Treaty between England, France and Turkey, March 12. Bombardment of Odessa, April 22. Siege ~at 9111itria, May 17. &iege, of S-flistria naleecL, Jim-e 2,6. Capture o'f Bomars'und, Aug. 16. Russia evacuates the principa'lrfces. Battle of the Al-ma, Sept. 20; victory ýof the allies. Siege of Sebastopol begins, Oct. 17. 1-854. 1855 1856 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 '1869 1870 1873 1874 1875 1878 Battle of Balaklava, Oct. 25. Battle of -inkermann, Nov. 5. Death of the Emperor Nicholas, March 2. Alexander II. Emperor. Sortie of Malakoff tower, March 22. Russians evacuate Anapa, June 6. Kars invested, July 15. Capture of Malakoff tower by the French, Sept. 8. Death of Lord Raglan. The Russians evacuate Sebastopol and retire to their works on the north side of the harbor; destruction of the Rugsian fleet, Sept. Russian assault on Kars fails. Battle of the Ingour; defeat of Russians by Turks, Nov. 6. Kars surrendered to Russians, Nov. 26. Council of war at Paris, Jan. 11. Amnesty granted to Poles, May 27; 'to political offenders, Sept. 7. Suspension of hostilities in the Crimea, Feb. 29. Treaty of peace at Par-is, March 30. Close of the war. Crimea evacuated July 9. Alexander 11. crowned at Moscow, Sept. 2i. Partial emancipation of the serfs oil the imperial domains. Meeting or the R. mper~ors at Stuttgarcc and Weima r. Russia censures the warlike movements of the Germanic Confederation during the Franco-Italian war. Treaty with Great Britain. Commercial treaty with China. Insurrection in Poland begins. The Emperor issues a *decree providing for the total emancipation of the serfs throughout the empire in two years; 23,000,000 serfs freed. Students' riots throughout the empire. The insurrection in Poland becomes general; it is quelled with great severity. Trial by jury granted. Increased privileges granted to the Jews. Serfdom in the empire ended. War with Asiatic nati ons. The war in the Caucasus ended. Death of the Czarowitch Nicholas, at Nice, April 24. New province of Turkestan in Central Asia created. Attempt by Karakosoff to assassinate the Czar, Sept. 15. Diplomatic quarrel with RomB. MaLrriage of Prince Alexander. Russian Americaj, Alaska, sold to the United States for $7,000,000. Attempted Assassination of the Czar, in Paris, by a Pole. Amnesty granted for political offenses., Poland disappears from m-ap of empireSocialistic conspiracie4~ among Pruss"ia?. svtudents.Neutrality in Franco-Prussian war deGortschakoff repudiates treaty of 18,56, as regards the Black Sea. Conference of the powers, at London,J abrogates the Black Sea clauses. Many socialists imprisoned throughout the empire. Expedition against Khiva, which surrenders June 10. - Visit of the Emperor of Germany to Rus.-^, Zia. Visit of the Shah of Persia. New treaty with the Khan of Bokhara. Marriage of the Emperor's 'daughter to the Duke of Edinburgh. Visit of the Emperor to Germany and The island of Saghalien ceded to Russia Japan cedes the Kurile Isles to Russia. War with Kholand. o h Baltic provinces incorporated into h empture. 1f 4.1-a Sever'e fighting in the Shipka Pass, July Russian atta'ck on Plevna partly s~uccess(Jeat Russi~an victory at Aladja Dagh. Capture of Kars- by the Russians, with great slaughter, Nov. 18. Capture of Etrojpoi by the Russians. Capture of Plevna and-Osman Pasha's army, by the Russians, Dec. 10. Emperor returns to St. Petersburg, Dec. 22. Brimerou-m invested, Dec. 24. Gen. G-ourko crosses the Balkans, Dec. 31. 8 Russians occupy Sofia, Jan. 4. Servians defeated, Jan. 7. Capture of the Shipka Pass, by the KusBatoum attacked without success by the Russians. Russians occupy Philippolis, Jan. 16._ Russian occupation of Adrianople, Jan. 20. British fleet enters the Dardanell~es. Jan. Erzeroum evacuated by the Turks, Feb. 21. Treaty of peace signed at San Stcefano. Skobeleff and Radetzky capture Turkish army in Asia Minor. Conference of powers at Berlin, June 13. Treaty of Berlin signed, July1. D Final treaty with Turkey, signed Feb. 8. Solovieff attempts to assassinate the Nihilists at Kieff and Odessa convicted. Attempt on the Czar's life by mining Discover of plot to blow up the Winter Palace, Dec. 12.;0 Explosion under- diningroom of Winter Several soldiers killed and wounded, Arrest of Hartmann, at Paris, Feb. 20. Gen. Melikoff made virtual dictator, Feb. 24. France refuses extradition of Hartmann. Nihilists convicted at St. Petersburgh and Kieff. 31 Assassination of Alexander 11., by bombs thrown at his carriage, March 13; one assassin killed by explosion, another Accession ofAlexander III., who was not crowned until 1882, on account of fear at assassinatron. Trial of Nihilists, April 8. Russakoff, Sophie Pieoffsky, Jelaboff and.others, condemned to death. Treaty of peace with. China. Resignation of Gen. Melikoff', May 13. Manifesto of Gen, Ignatieff, May 2,3. Co'un-ter mranifesto of Niffiilss. New- Nffif-hist' plot d-iscovered, November. 92 Retirement of Prince G-orts~chakoff. Anti-Jewish riots. Pan-Slavist speech of Gen. Skobeleff, at Paris. Death of Gen. Skobeleff, July 6. 1883 Accident to the Czar while hunting, Dec. 10. Col. Souderkin, chief of Police, assassinated by Nihilists, Dec. 28. Coronation of Alexander Ill., Czar of all the Russieas, Aug. 27. 1884 Anti-Jewish riot, resulting in the death of many persons, June 19. 'Great fire in Moscow, Oct. 29. Marriage of Duke Sergius to Princess Elizabeth of Hesse, June 15. '1885 Attack of the Russians, under Gen. Komaroff, on Afghan positions near Murghat. 1.893 Jews expelled from the Asiatic provinces. Prince Korsakoff, an eminent statesman, died, April 28. 1894 Alexander III., Czar of all Russia, died and was succeeded by Nicholas II. 1895 Russia assists China in procuring money to pay war indemnity to Japan and secures considerable advantages on t~h-e Pacific coast. 1905 Labor riots at St. Petersburg", 1,500 killed.Jan. 22. Gen. Stoessel. surrendered Port Arthur to Gen. Nogi, Jan. 2. TURKEY. j 1770 1774 1784 1787 1788, 1798 1799 1801 1803 1806 1807 1808 IS12 1815 1821 1824 1827 1828 18219 1832 N-1833 1839 1840 1841 1847 1849 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 11856 1858 11,859 1878 1874 1875 Rebellion of Ali Bey suppressed, in Egypt. Abdul Hamid becomes Sultan. Crimea ceded to Russia. War with Russia and Austria; defeat of the Turks. Selim III., Sultan of Turkey. The French, under Napoleon, invade Egypt. Battle of, Aboukir; French victorious. The English aid the Turks; Napoleon forced to retreat. Insurrection of Mamelukes at Cairo. Mehemet Ali becomes Pasha in Egypt. War with England and Russia. British fleet passes the Dardanelles. Mustapha IV., Sultan. Mahmoud II., Sultan. Massacre of Mamelukes; Mehemet becomes supreme. Treaty of Bu-charest; Pruth made tronStier ofTurkey and Rus-sia. Discoveries of Belzonial in Egypt. Insurrection in Moldavia and Wallachia; independence of Greece secured. Turks defeated at Mitylene. Battle of Navarino; Turkish fleet destroyed. War with Russia; surrender tit Anapa, June 23. Bajazet taken Sept. 9. Varna occupied by Russian's, Oct. Ill. Battle of Shumla. Russians take Erzeroum and e'nte-r Adrianople; treaty of peace, Sept. 14..Revolt of Mehemet Ali. Battle of Konieh; Egyptians defeat Turkso. Egypt invades Syria. Battle of Konieh; disastrous defeat of Turks. Russians enter -Constantinople; offensive and defensive treaty with Russia. Treaty of Kutayah. Rebellion in Egypt -suppressed. Abdul Medjid becomes Sultan. A second revolt of Mehemet Ali. Battle of Nezib; Ibrahim Mehemet, All's son, defeats the Turks..England, Russia, Austria, and Prussia aid Turkey. Battle of Beyrout; Egyptians defeated. Treaty with Egypt., Mehemet Ali made Viceroy, but deprived of Syria., New system of education introduced. Turkey refuses to surrender Polish refugees; refusal sustained by England. Rebellion of Croatia. Treaty with France regarding the "Holy A large Russian army crosses the Pruth. Turkey declares -war; appro-ved by the great powers, England, France, Austria and Prussia. Crimean war; allied fleets enter the Black Sea, Jan. 4. Russia refuses intervention, March 19. Treaty with England and France, The allied powers guarantee Turkish inAllied1 fleets bombard Odessa, -and blockade the Danube. Allies overcome Russians at Giurgero. Turks defeated at Bayazid-; see Russia. Battle at.Kars, Russians defeated; Turks, under Omar Pasha, win a -great -victory at the Ingour, Nov. 6; allies take liars, Nov. 26. Suspension of hostilities, awaiting, negotiations for peace, Fob. 29. Treaty of peace signed, at Paris, April The' Crimea evacuated, July 9. independence of Turkey guaranteed. Conflict with Montenegrins. Christians- massacred at Jedda. Montenegrin boundaries determined. Suez Canal begun by De Lesseps. IGreat fire at Constantinopl~e. i By the Sultan's firman the Khedive of Egypt becomes independent in most I Circular letter to the Powers, protesting against treaties with Turkish tribua Insurrection in Herzegovina and Bosnia. Bosnians victorious at the battle of Gatschko.,, Unsuccessful Abyssinian expedition. British government purchases Suez Canal stock. 6 War with Abyssinia; the Egyptian debt consolidated. Battle of Trebinge, indecisive. Germany, Austria and Russia demaind reform in Turkish tributaries. Bulgaria revolts against Turkish rule. Sui-cide or murd.-er of S-ultan Abdul-Azlz Monten~egro and Servla declare war agrainst Turkey, Murad V. 'Sultan, May 30th; accession of Abdul-Han-id 11. Defeat of the Servians at Alexinatz. Conference of Great Powers about Turkisb I Tre~atyof peace wi'th Abyssinia, made by Col. Gardon. Turkey rejects prorposals of the Great Powers. Mid-hat Pasha banished., War with Russia declared.. Hostilities with Montenegro. Russians cross the Danube, June 23; N'icopolis surrendered to Russia; sliglit Turkish success in Armenia; Pllevna abandoned, July 6; recaptured, July 28; terrific battles in the Shipka Pas^, August 21-28; Russians repulsed at Plevna, Sept. 7-11; immense losses cen both sides; relief of Plevna, Sept. 122, by Chefket Pasha; retreat of Turks,.Sept. 24; removal of Mehemet Ali as Commander-in-chief; Suleiman Pash-a appointed; Mukhtar Pasha gains Turkish victories in Armenia; total defeat of Mukhtar Pasha at battl-e of AladjaDagh, Oct. 15; Russians take Kars by storm, Nov. 18; surrender of Plevna, Dec. 10. 1878 Erzeroum evacuated, Sept. 17; complete defeat of Turkey; preliminary t-reaty of peace signed, March 3. Conference by the Powers at Berlin, to settle Turkish question. Treaty of Berlin ratified,. Aug. 3. Great Britain, July 3, secures Cyprus. 1879 Final tr~eaty with Russia signed, Feb. S. Russians evacuate Turkey. England demnands reforms in Turkey. N\ubar Pasha resigns. The Khediv~e deposed by the Sultan, June 26. His son Te\wfjk succeds himi. 1880 The Powers protest regarding delay in 'executing- provisions of Berlin treaty. Great niaval demonstration. Cession of Duleigno, Nov. 2-6. 1881 Conference of the Powers at Constantinople. Midhat Pasha, and others, tried for murder of A'bdul-Aziz; and condemned to death; their sentence commuted to exile. Decree of abolition of slavery in Egypt. 1882 The Porte declines to enter conference of Powers regarding Egypt, but subsequently yields. Remonstrates with England for Intended bombardment of Alexandria. Dervish Pasha sent as envoy to Egypt. Turkey declines to send troops to Egypt, but, after the bombardment, consents. Arabi Pasha sentenced to banishment to Ceylon for life, Dec. 3. Prayers offered in Mosques of Cairo for the Queen of England as -the "Mirror of Justice," Dec. 13. Arabi Pasha,.Egyptian Minister of War, heads opposition to the Khedive. Alleged conspiracy against Arabi Pasha, Minister of WAar, leads to international complications. English and French fleets appear at Alexandria, May. On June 11, a riot breaks out in Alex-.andria, the natives. killing' 340 Europeans. The Powers called upon to aid the Khedive. Arabi erects fortifications, and threatens to blow up the Suez Canal. Admiral Seymour takes command of English forces, and orders Arabi to cease fortifying; he refuses. Bombardment of Alexandrian forts, July 12; they are destroyed by the English fleets. Arabi Pasha retreats into the country under cover of a flag of truce. The Khedive declares him a rebel. Gen. Sir Garnet Wolsley arrives at Alexandria, Aug. 15, with English troops. Ramleh fortified. Skirmish between Egyptians and the English. The. joint fleet sails to Aboukir under sealed orders; then proceeds to Port Said; reached Ismailia. The English occupy the Suez Canal. Arabs attack the British at Kassassin, and are repulsed with heavy loss. Battle of Tel-el-Kebir in which thewhole Egyptian army is routed, Sept. I 13. ham, Feb. 29. Tokar relieved by Gen. Graham, March 2. Osman Pasha defeated by Gen. Graham at Tamasi, March 13. Egyptian troops meet with reverse at Kartoum, March 16, Third confer-ence of the Great Powers upon Egyptian finances, Aug. 2. 1-885 General Stewart's forces reach Galkdul, Egypt,_ Jan. 12. Battle of Abu Klea, victory of British forces, Jan. 17. British Victory near 'Metammeh. Gen. Stewart wounded, Jan. 19. Fall of Kartoumn Jan. 36. - Death of Gen. Go'rdon, Jan. 2ti, produces intense excitement in London. The Italian flagil.hoisted with that of Egypt, at Massowah, Feb. 8. British victory near Dulka Island, death of Gen. Earl, Feb. 10. The Muder of Dongola decorated.by Lord Wolseley., 10* Terrific fighting near Suakim, March 22. Death of Mahdi Mohammed A-chmed, June 29. Revolution in Eastern Roumelia. Prince Alexander of Bulgaria, Governor, -^Meeting of Ambassadors, at Constantinople, on the 'Eastern crisis, Oct. 4. 1888- First through train from Paris to Constantinople, Aug. 3. " 1.889 Egyptian Dervish Army routed, Aug. 3. Turkish forces occupy Crete, Aug. 30. 1890 Turkish mnan-of-war Ertogroul founders at sea, 500 lives lost, Sept. 19.,,1894.Insurrection in Armenia, and great mas-^ sacre of Christians at Sassoun. 1895 Riot in Constantinople and massacre of Armenian Christians in that city. Great powers of Europe demand reforms from the Sultan and protection for his Christian subjects. Change in the Ministry, Nov. 7. 1905 Thie Porte ref used to authorize Street sales s- Bibles, Jan, 2. All% CEE 1770 Greek insurgents assisted by Russia. -They are defeated by.th-e Turks. Rebellion of Suliot suppressed. 1S03 Turks put down second Sirliot-rebellion. which was incited by the F~rench. 1821 Revolt of lpsylanti; Peloponnesus gained by the Greeks. 1822 Independence of Greece. Terrible mnassacre at Scio. 1,823 National Congress at Argos. Death of Marco Bazzaris. 1824 Death of Lord Byron at Missolonghi. Ipsara destroyed by the Turks. 1826 Siege of Missolonighi; capitulates to the Turks. 1827 Turkish army takes Athens. Interference of foreign powers rejected by Turkey. Battle of Navariuie; the alli-c- British, 185( 1851 185; 1815;1 185t 185( 185, i 1ST 1S88 198 18 187( 187 I& 18 18( 181 =0 A. Ocle & Co. %_,%jVyjjr*jt&A AVVt)% UJV N-X'Ugj. X36. %09MAN- UN,

Page  XVI m -SUPPLEMENT XVI. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. French and Russian fleets defeat the Turks and Egyptians. Independence of Greece established. 1828 The Turks evacuate the Morea. 1829 Turkey surrenders Missolonghi. Treaty of Hadrianople. 1831 President D'Istria assassinated. 1833 Accession of Otho I. 1843 Insurrection in Athens; National Assembly; new constitution adopted. 1850 Pireus blockaded by a British fleet. England demands indemnity for injury to British subjects. French intervention sought. Greece forced to yield. 1854 Revolt of Albanians. English and French occupy Greece. Neutrality in Russo-Turkish war declared. 1857 Greece evacuated by the French and English. 1862 Serious insurrections in Greece. Otho I. forced to leave Greece. Prince Alfred, of England, declared King. Austria declares for Otho I. 1863 National Assembly declares Alfred elected King. England refuses to allow his accession. Prince William, of Denmark, elected King, March 18, and becomes King George I., Nov. 2, 1863; new Constitution adopted. 1867 King George I. married to Princess Olga, of Russia. 187.0 Trouble with the brigands, who kill many English prisoners. 1875 Neutrality observed in Herzegovinian insurrection. 1876 Declares for neutrality in Servian war. 1878 Thessalians aided by Greeks against the Turks. 1880 Berlin conference considers question of Greek and Turkish frontiers, 1881 Convention with Turkey, July 2. Thessaly ceded to Greece. 1884 Serious fire at royal palace, Athens, Aug. 5. 1889 Princess Sophie of Russia and the Crown Prince married, October 27. 1890 Greek Ministry resigns, October 28; 1891 Prof. Waldstein discovers rare jewels in the ruins of Eretria, March. 1893 Ministry resigned May 10, and succeeded by a new Cabinet, with M. Tricoupis as premier, Nov. 11. ITALY. K% K 1775 Death of Pope Clement XIV. and elevation of Pio VI. 1796-'97 Bonaparte's first victories in Italy. 1797 Treaty of Campo Formio. France and Austria divide the Venetian States. The Cis-Alpine republic founded. 1798 Second invasion of the French. > - Pope Pius VI. deposed by Bonaparte. 1799 Defeat of the French at Trebia, by the Russians, under Suwarrow. 1800 Death of Pio VI.; Pio VII. Pope. Bonaparte crosses the Alps. Battle of Marengo, June 24; total defeat of Austrians. 1802 The Cis-Alpine republic remodled as the Italian republic; Bonaparte President. 1805 Napoleon crowned King of Italy, May 26. Eugene Beauharnois made Viceroy of Italy. 1806 The Treaty of Presburg deprives Austria of her Italian possessions. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. Overthrow of the Kingdom of Italy. 1815 Establishment of the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom for Austria. Genoa added to the Sardinian crown. 1823 Death of Pope Pio VII.; Leo XII. becomes Pope. 1829 Death of Leo XII.; Pio VIII. becomes Pope. 1831 Death of Pope Pio VIII., and elevation of Gregorio XVI. Death of Carlo Felix, and -i'Jnguishment of the direct male lin, of the House of Savoy. The crown falls to Prince Carlo Alberto. The "Young State Party" formed by Mazzini. Insurrection in Central Italy. 1837 King Charles Albert, of Sardinia, promulgates a new Code. 1846 Death of Pope Gregorio XVI.; Pius IX. becomes Pope. 1848 The King of Sardinia grants a Constitution and openly espouses the cause of Italian regeneration against Austria. Insurrection in Lombardy and Venice against Austrian power; revolt is supported by the King of Sardinia. The Pope supports the movement for Italian independence, June. War between Sardinia and Austria. Lombardy annexed to Sardinia, June 29. Revolution at Rome; flight of the Pope to Gaeta. 1849 The Sardinians, after repeated reverses, are totally defeated by the Austrians at Novara, March 23. Close of the war, and recovery of Loinbardy by Austria. Carlo Alberto abdicates in favor of his son, Victor Emmanuel II., March 23; dies July 28. The Roman republic formed. Rome captured by the French army, unsder Marshal Oudinot. The republic overthrown, and the Pope restored. 1850 Ecclesiastical jurisdictions abolished in Sardinia. Arrest of the Archbishop of Turin. 1851 Count Cavour Minister of Foreign Affairs. 1853 Revolt in Milan subdued. 1855 Sardinia joins the alliance of France, England and Turkey against -Russia, and takes part in the Crimean war. 1856 Unsuccessful revolt in Sicily. 1857 Diplomatic rupture between Sardinia and Austria. 1859 Quarrel between Sardinia ano Austria, caused by former power refusing to disarm. France espouses the cause of Sardinia, and sends an army to her assistance. The Austrians cross the Ticino, April 27. The French army reaches Genoa, May 3. Battles of Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May 30, 31; Magenta, June 4; Malegnano, June 8; Solferino, June 24. Total defeat of Austrians. Revolutions in Tuscany, Parma, Modena, Bologna, Ferrara, etc. Peace of Villefranca, July 11. Western Lombardy annexed to Sardinia. Protest of Tuscany, and declaration for a United Kingdom. The people incited to arms by Garibaldi. The Pope appeals to Europe against the King of Sardinia, July 12. The Italian Duchies declare in favor of annexation to Sardinia. Neaw constitution for Sardinia. Alliance between Tuscany, Modena, Parma and the Romagna formed, Oct. 10. Peace of Zurich, Nov. 10; part of the Papal States and the Duchies df Parma and MIodena ceded to Sardinia. The Emperor Napoleon advises the Pope to give up his revolted States, Dec. il. 1860 The Pope refuses the Emperor's proposal and denounces him, Jan. 8. SA new ministry formed by Davour, Jan. 15. 'tsuscany, Parma, itlodena and the Ho magna vote for annexation to Sardinia, March 9. Savoy and Nice ceded to France by Sardinia. The French troops leave Italy in May. Garibaldi lands in Sicily, May 11. Declares himself Dictator, and drives the Neapolitans from Sicily in the battles of Calatifinni and Melazzo, July 20. He invades Naples with his little army, Sept. 7. Insurrection in the Papal States in September. Sardinian army enters them, and defeats the Papal troops, Sept. 18, and takes Ancona, Sept. 29. The Sardinian army, under the King, enters the Neapolitan territory; defeats the Neapolitans, at Iseraia, Oct. 17. SGaribaldi defeats the Neapolitans, at the Volturna, Oct. 1. Meets Victor Emmanuel, Oct. 26, and salutes him as "King of Italy." Sicily and Naples vote for annexation to Sardinia, Oct. 21. Victor Emmanuel enters Naples as King, Nov. 7. Garibaldi resigns the Dictatorship and retires to Caprera. 1861 The first Italian Parliament assemble%, Feb. 18. Parliament decrees Victor Emmanuel "King of Italy," Feb. 26. The new kingdom recognized by England, March 31. The Pope protests against the new kingdom, April 15. Death of Cavour, June 6. Unsuccessful revolt in Calabria, by Jose Borges, in the interest of Francis II. 1862 Ratazzi forms a new ministry. Naples declared in a state of siege. Ratazzi's ministry overthrown and a new one formed by Farina. Garibaldi endeavors to wrest Rome from the Pope. He is made prisoner at Aspromonte, by the Italian army. 1863 Commercial treaties with France and Great Britain. 1864 Treaty with France for the evacuation of Rome by the French in February, 1867. Transfer of the Capital from Turin to Florence. 1865 Bank of Italy established. New Parliament meets at Florence. The insurrections at Turin suppressed. Brigands cause much trouble. 1866 The Austro-Italian war begins. Alliance with Prussia. Italy declares war against Austria, June 20. Italians cross the Mincio, June 23. Battle of Custoza, June 24, and defeat of the Italians by the Archduke Albrecht. Battle of Lissa. Defeat of the Italian fleet, July 20. Peace of Prague, Aug. 23; Eastern Lombardy and Venetia added to the Kingdom. Treaty of Nicholsburg, Aug, 26; close of the war. Cession of Venetia to the Italian kingdom. King Victor Emmanuel euters Venice, Nov. 7. 1867 Insurrection in the Papal $tates. Garibaldi placed under arrest. The French enter Rome. Garibaldi defeated at Mentana. 1868 Railway over Mont Cenij) opened. Crown Prince Humbert marries Princess Margherita. 1869 Ecumenical Council held at Rome. Severe earthquake at Florence. 1870 Dogma of Infallibility proclaimed by the Council. Arrest of Mazzini at Palermo. The Papal States entered by the Italian army, and Rome occupied, Sept. 20. Papal States a part of the Kingdom of Italy, Oct. 9. Pope Pius IX. issues -bull of excommunication against the government, Nov. 1. Rome evacuated by the French, Aug. 11. Revolution in Rome imminent. The Pope takes refuge in the castle of St. Angelo. Rome annexed to Italy, and made the Capital of the kingdom by royal decree, Oct. 9. The Italian Duke of Acosta elected King of Spain. 1871 The government transferred from Florence to Rome, July. Opening of the Mt. Cenis Tunnel. 1872 Death of Mazzini. Great eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Se rious inundations throughout the peninsula. 1879 Suppression of- the convents at Rome. Expulsion of Jesuits from Italy. 1874 General assembly of free Christain churches in Italy. Brigands cause great trouble. The government suppresses the Camorra's. 1875 Visit of the Emperors of Austria and Germany to the King of Italy. Garibaldi takes oath of allegiance to the government, and becomes a member of the Chamber of Deputies. Ratification of a treaty of commerce with Great Britain. Six new cardinals appointed. 1876 Italy and anti-Turkish in the eastern question. Attempted assassination of King Humbert, Nov. 7. 1877 The celebrated "Antonelli" case dismissed. 1878 Death of Victor Emmanuel, Jan. 9. Attempted assassination of King Humbert I., Nov. 17. Death of Pope Pius IX., Feb. 7. Leo XIII. elected Pope, Feb. 20. 1880 Elections favorable to the ministry of Cairoli. The monster ironclad Italia successfully launched. Resignation of Garibaldi as Deputy, and retirement to Genoa. 1881 Cairoli ministry overthrown and a new one founded by Depretio. Reform Bill passed by the Senate, Dec. 21. 1882 Electoral law passed. Death of Garibaldi, June 2. 1883 Discovery of site of the celebrated Antrium, at Rome, Nov. 6. 1884 The cholera rages in Naples. 1889 Statue of Bruno unveiled at Rome, June 9. 1890 Statue of Victor Emmanuel unveiled, Sept. 20. 1891 Crispi Resigns the Premiership and Rudini appointed, Feb. 9. Baron Fava, Minister to the United States, recalled, March 30. -1893 Pope Leo XIII. celebrates his 83d birthday. King Humbert and Queen Margaret celebrate their silver wedding. 1900 King Humbert assassinated, July 29. Coronation of King Victor Emmanuel III. Aug. 11. 1904 Death of Pope Leo XIII. Pius X elected Pope. 1796 War again with England. 1797 Battle of Cape St. Vincent; defeat of the Spanish fleet, Feb. 14. 1800 Spain cedes Parma to France. 1801 Treaty with Portugal at Badajos. Treaty of Madrid with France. 1802 Treaty with England at Amiens. 1804 Renewed war with England. 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Oct. 21; total defeat of French and Spanish fleets by English, under Nelson. 1807 Invasion of Spain by the French. Treaty of Fountainebleau. 1808 Territory demanded by France. Spanish fortress seized. The French take Madrid. Charles IV. abdicates in favor of Napoleon, May 1. Massacre of 200 French in Madrid, May 2. Napoleon assembles the notables at Bayonne, May 25. Ferdinand VII. abdicates. Napoleon I. gives crown to his brother Joseph Bonaparte, who enters Madrid, July 12, but is driven out, July 29. The French defeated at Vimiera, Aug. 21, by the English. Battle of Logrono; defeat of the patriots. Battle of Durange; the French victorious. The French retake Madrid, and restore King Joseph Bonaparte, Dec. 2. Napoleon enters Madrid, Dec. 4. 1809 Battle of Corunna and death of Moore, Jan.- 16. Surrender of Saragossa. Spain entered by Sir Arthur Wellesley, who crosses the Douro. Defeat of the French at Tulavera, July 28. Spanish defeated at Ocana, Nov. 12. Severe battle of Molinos del Rey, Dec. 21. 1810 Granada, Seville and Atsorga seized by the French. Capture of Ciudad-Rodrigo by Marshal Ney, July 10. 1811 Wellington defeats the French at Fuentee d'Onoro, May 6, and at Albuera, - May 16. Tarragora takein by Suchet. King Joseph returns to Madrid. Spanish defeated by Soult at Lorca. 1812 Wellington victorious at Ciudad-Rodrigo, Jan. 19. Badajoz stormed and carried, April 6. Defeat of the French at Salamanca, July 22. 1813 English, under Wellington, occupy Madrid. English successful at Castella, April 13; Vittoria, June 21,. and Pyrenees, July 28. The French driven out of Spain, Wellington crossing the Bidasoa and follows them into France. 1814 Ferdinand VII. restored. 1817 The slave trade abolished for a compensation. 1820 Revolution under Nunez del Riego begins in January. Ferdinand swears to the constitution of I the Cortes. 1823 The Cortes remove the king to Seville, and thence to Cadiz, March. Intervention of France in behalf of the king. French army enters Spain, April 7. Cadiz invested, June 25. Battle of the Trocadqro, Aug. 31. Rebels defeated and the revolution crushed. The king again restored. Execution of Riego and the patriot leaders. 1828 The French evacuate Cadiz. 1829 Cadiz proclaimed a free port. 1830 The Salique law abolished. 1833 Death of Ferdinand VII.; his queen assumes the government as Regent during the minority of her daughter, Isabella II. Don Carlos claims the throne. 1834 The Quadruple Treaty of France, England, Spain and Portugal guarantees the right of Queen Isabella to the throne. Don Carlos enters Spain and claims the crown. Beginning of the Carlist war. 1836 Defeat of Carlists at battle of Bilbao. 1837 Dissolution of monasteries. 1839 Success of the government forces. Don Carlos takes refuge in England. 1840 Espartero, commander of the royal forces, becomes the real ruler of spain. The Queen Regent Christina abdicates and leaves Spain. Espartero expels the Papal Nuncio. 1841 Espartero declared, by the Cortes, Regent during the young Queen's minori ty. Insurrection in favor of Christina quelled. 1842 Insurrectionf at Barcelona against Espartero; he bombards the city, Dec. 3, and receives its surrender, Dec. 4. 1843 Uprising against Espartero at Barcelona, Corunna, Seville and other points.. Bombardment of Seville, July 21. Defeat of Espartero. 1845 Don Carlos assigns his claims to his son. Isabella II., 13 years old, is declared, by the Cortes, to be of age. Narvaez, a friend of Queen Christina, is made commander of the army. 1846 Marriage of Queen Isabella to her cousin, Don Francisco d' Assiz, Duke of Cadiz. Marriage of the Infanta to the Duke de Montpensier, son of the King of France. Protest of England against these marriages. 1847 Attempt-by La Riva to assassinate the Queen.Espartero restored to power. 1848 The British Envoy ordered to quit Madrid within 48 hours. 1850 Birth of the Queen's first child; it dies immediately. SAttempt of Lopez to wrest Cuba from Spain. 1851 Opening of the Madrid-Aranjuez railway. 1852 Merino, a Franciscan monk, attempts to kill the Queen, and slightly wounds her with a dagger. 1853 Narvaez exiled to Vienna. 1854 Espartero organizes a military insurrection at Saragossa and succeeds in mak% ing himself prime minister. -- The queen-mother impeached, and cormpelled to quit Spain. 1855 Death of Don Carlos. 1856 Insurrection at Valencia. Espartero resigns. A new cabinet formed, headed by Marshal O'Donnell. Insurrection in Madrid quelled by the government. Disbandment of the national guard. Insurrection at Barcelona and Saragossa quelled by O'Donnell, as Dictator. O'Donnell forced to resign. Navaez is made prime minister. 1857 Birth of the prince royal. 1859 War with Morocco. O'Donnell commands the army in Africa. 1860 Moors defeated at Tetuan and Guadelras. Treaty of peace signed, March 26. Unsuccessful efforts of Ortega to overthrow the Queen and make the Count de Montemolin king, as Charles VI. Ortega shot, April 19. The Emperor Napoleon IIi. proposes to recognize Spain as a first-class power. The project abandoned, owing to the refusal of England. 1861 The annexation of St. Domingo to Spain ratified. Spain joins England and France in the Mexican expedition. 1863 Don Juan de Bourbon renounces his right to the throne; O'Donnell resigns the premiership. Insurrection in St. Domingo. 1864 Spanish quarrels with Peru. General Prim exiled for conspiracy. 1864 Narvaez again becomes prime minister. He advises the relinquishment of St. Domingo; Queen Isabella refuses. Christina returns to Spain. 1865 Peace with Peru, which is compelled to pay a heavy indemnity. Queen Isabella orders the sale of the crown lands, and gives three-fourths to the nation. Spain relinquishes St. Domingo. Quarrel with Chili, followed by war. Kingdom of Italy recognized by Spain; Sinsurrection, headed by General Prim. 1866 General Prim lays down his arms, and insurgents enter Portugal. O'Donnell resigns, and Narvaez forms a new ministry. The Cortes dismissed by the Queen. Spain formally recognizes and forms a treaty with the republics of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Costa Rica and Nicarauga. 1867 Revolt in Catalonia and Aragon suppressed. 1868 The Queen grants general amnesty. Death of Narvaez. Murrillo becomes prime minister. Revolution led by Prim and Serrano, Sept. 17; revolution successful, and ministry resigns. Queen Isabella takes refuge in France, and is deposed. Provisional government organized at Madrid, by Prim, Serrano and Olozaga, Oct. 8. Religious freedom, liberty of the press, and universal suffrage granted by new government, Oct. 26. Revolts at different points suppressed. The United States government recognizes the provisional government. 1869 Efforts to find a king for Spain. Serrano elected Regent, June 15. Prim becomes prime minister. Outbreaks of the Carlists and republicans suppressed. 1870 Espartero declines the Spanish crown. Isabella abdicates in favor of her son Alfonso; it is offered to Prince Leopold, of Germany, who refuses it. Amadeus, son of the King of Italy, elected king by the Cortes, Nov. 16. Amadeus lands at Carthagena, Dec. 30. Marshal Prim assassinated, Dec. 29. 1871 Amadeus enters Madrid, Jan. 2. Serrano forms a new ministry, Jan. 5. The Cortes dissolved, Nov. 25. Insurrection in Cuba. 1872 Resignation of the ministr'y. Carlist war begins. - SSerrano enters Navarre; defeats the Carlists at Oroquita. Attempt to -assassinate the King and Queen, July 19. Suppression of Carlist and republican uprisings. 1873 Abdication of King Amadeus. Republic proclaimed. Defeat of the Carlists at various points. Don Carlos enters Spain, July 13. Cadiz surrenders to him, July 31. Castelar President of the Cortes. The "Virginius" affair. 1874 Coup d'Etat. Marshal Serrano President and Commander of the army. Overthrow of the republic. Alfonso XIII. proclaimed king by troops, Dec. 30. 1875 King Alfonso lands at Barcelona, Jan. 9. Vittoria taken from Carlists, July 9. 1876 Surrender of Bilbao, Feb. 5. Defeat of Carlists at Durango, and surrender at Pamplona, Feb. 26. Don Carlos flees to France. Triumphal entry of Alfonso into Madrid. 1877 Extradition treaty with the United States. General amnesty to Carlists. Queen Isabella visits Spain. 1878 Marriage of King Alfonso to Mercedes, daughter of the Due de Montpensier, Jan. 23. Death of Queen Mercedes, June 26. Attempted assassination of Alfonso, Oct. 25. 1879 Inundations in Seville, Granada and elsewhere. Alfonso marries the Archduchess Maria Christina, of Austria, Nov. 29. Attempted assassination of king and queen, Dec. 30. 1880 Law for gradual abolition of slavery in \ Cuba, Feb. 18. '... - Execution of the assassin Otero, April 14. 1881 Expulsion of Don Carlos from France, July 17. 1882 Franco-Spanish commercial treaty approved by the Cortes, April 23. Introduction of a bill to abolish slavery in Cuba, June 10. Heavy snow storm at Madrid, Dec. 10. 1883 Marriage of Infanta della Paz to Prince Louis, of Bavaria, April 2. King Alfonso visits Frankfort to witness German military maneuvers, Sept. 20. King Alfonso appointed commander of the Schleswig-Holstein Uhlan regiment by German Em)eror, Sept. 23. Return of Alfonso to Madrid, Oct. 2. Resignation of Spanish ministry, Oct. 11. Hervera becomes Prime Minister. 1884 Severe earthquakes in Spain; over 1,000 lives lost, Dec. 25-28. 1885 Resignation of the ministry, in consequefice of the determination of the king to visit cholera-stricken districts, June 20. Terrible ravages oi cholera in Valencia and other points. Spain greatly excited over the occupation of the Caroline Islands by Germany. Announcement that of 223,546 persons attacked by cholera 82,619 had died, Aug. 31. 1886 Alfonso XIII. King, with Maria Christina as Regent, May 17. 1891 Reciprocity between Cuba and the United States, May. 1893 Riotous demonstrations of Republicans suppressed by the police. Cargo of dynamite explodes at Santander, killing and wounding several hundreds of people. 1895 Cuban patriots rise again in arms to free their native land. Marshal Campos sent with a large army to suppress the insurrection. 1906 King Alphonso Married. 1907 Heir to Throne born. FRANCE. 1789 Destruction of the Bastile, July 14i The beginning of the French revolution. The king and queen compelled by a mob, at Versailles, to go to Paris, Oct. 6. The National Assembly meets at Paris, Oct. 9. The National Assembly4change the royal title to "King of the French," Oct. 16. Clerical property confiscated. The division of France into 83 departments, Dec. 22. 1790 King Louis accepts the work of the revolution, Feb. 4. Titles of honor and hereditary nobility abolished. Confederation of the Champs de Mars; the King takes the oath to the constitution, July 14. 1791 Flight of the king and queen from Paris, June 20. Imprisonment of the king and queen in the Tuileries; they are arrested at Varennes, June 21. Louis sanctions the National constitution Sept. 15. Dissolution of the National Assembly, Sept. 29. 1792 First coalition against France. Commencement of the great wars. War with Austria declared April 20. Battle of Valmy; the Prussians defeated, and France saved from invasion, Sept. 20. Attack and capture of the Tuileries by a mob; the royal family imprisoned in the Temple, Aug. 10. Massacre in the prisons of Paris, Sept. 2-5. Opening of the -National Convention, Sept. 17. The Convention abolishes royalty, Sept. 21. Meeting of the Legislative Assembly, Oct. 1. France declared a republic, Sept. 22. Trial and condemnation of King Louis, Nov. 12 to Dec. 13. 1793 Louis XVI. beheaded, Jan. 21. War against England, Spain and Holland, declared Feb. 1. Insurrection in La Vendee begins, March, Proscription of the Girondists. Robespierre becomes Dictator March 25. Beginning of the Reign of Terror, May 31. Charlotte Corday assassinates Marat, July 13. E:xecution of Marie Antoinette, Oct. 16. Siege of Toulon; first victory of Bonaparte. The Duke of Orleans, Phillipe Egalite, beheaded, Nov. 6. Madame Roland executed, Nov. 8. Vendee revolt suppressed, Dec. 12. 1794 Danton anC others guillotined, April 5. Elizabeth, sister of Louis XVI., executed. Robespierre becomes president, June. Fall of Robespierre, July 27. Robespierre, St. Just and seventy others guillotined, July 28. Close of the Reign of Terror. 1795 The Dauphin (Louis XVII) dies in prison. Napoleon suppresses rebellion of royalists Oct. 5. The Directory established Nov. 1. 1796 Bonaparte wins the victories of Montenotte, April 12; Mondivi, April 22, and Lodi, May 10. Attehkirchen, June 1. Radstadt, July 5, in Italy. The conspiracy of Baboeuf suppressed. 1797 Pichegru's conspiracy fails. Return of Napoleon into Paris. Bonaparte's Egyptian expedition embarks. Battle of the Pyramid, July 13-21. Destruction- of the French fleet, near Alexandria, by Nelson, Aug. 1. 1799 England, Germany, Russia, Turkey, Portugal and Naples coalesce against Napoleon, June 22. Bonaparte returns from Egypt; deposes the Council of Five Hundred, Nov. 10, and Napoleon is declared First Consul Dec. 13. 1800 Battle of Marengo, June 14. Great victory by Bonaparte over the Austrians. Attempt to kill the Consul by means of an infernal machine, Dec. 24. 1801 Treaty with Germany. The Rhine made the French boundary. ~ Peace with Russia, Oct. 8, and with Turkey, Oct. 9. 1802 Defeat of the French at Aboukin, March S. Peace with England, Spain and Holland signed at Amiens, March 27. Legion of Honor instituted. Bonaparte made "Consul for Life," Aug. 2. 1803 Bank of France established. War with England declared, May 22. 1804 Conspiracy of Moreau and Pichegru against Bonaparte fails. Execution of the Duke d'Enghien, March 21. The empire formed and Napoleon pro-claimed Emperor, May 18. Crowned by the Pope, Dec. 30. 1805 Napoleon crowned King of Italy, May 26. Destruction of the French fleet, Oct. 21, by Nelson at the battle of Trafalgar. Battle of Austerlitz. Austria totally defeated, Dec. 2. Treaty of Presburg, Dec. 26. 1806 Confederatior of the Rhine ratified at Paris, July 12. Fourth coalition of the Great Powers against France; Prussia declares war, Oct. 8. Defeat of the Prussians at Jena, Oct. 14. Capture of Erfurt by the French, Oct. 15. 1807 Russians defeated at battle of Eylau, Feb. 8. Alexander and Napoleon meet at Tilsit, June 26. Treaty of peace signed, July 7. The Milan decree published, Dec. 17. 1808 New nobility of France created. The beginning of the Peninsular war. Abdication of Charles IV. of Spain. 1809 Napoleon defeated at Aspern and Essling. Victorious at Wagram. Entry of Napoleon into Vienna, May. Treaty of Vienna, Oct. 14. Divorce of the Empress Josephine, Dec. 15. 1810 Napoleon marries Maria Louise of Austria, April 1. Union of Holland with France. 1811 Birth of the King of Rome, afterward Napoleon II. 1812 War declared with Russia. Napoleon invades Russia. Great victory of the French at Borodino, Sept. 7., Disastrous retreat of the French from Moscow, October. 1813 The Concordat treaty with the Pope. Alliance of Austria, Russia and Prussia against Napoleon, March 16. Battle of Leipzig. Napoleon defeated, Oct. 16-18. The Allies invade France from the Rhine; the English from Spain, under Wellington, Oct. 7. 1814 Surrender of Paris to the Allies, March 30. Abdication of Napoleon I. in favor of his son, Napoleon II., April 5. - Napoleon goes to the Island of Elba, May 3. Louis XVIII. enters Paris, May 3. The Bourbon dynasty restored. The Constitutional Charter established, June 4-10. 1815 Napoleon leaves Elba and lands at Cannes, March 1, and proceeds to Paris, where he is joined by all the army. Louis XVIII. leaves Paris; restoration of the empire. The Allies form a league for his destruction, March 25. j 1767 1771 1775 1777 1783 1794 SPAIN. ' Jesuits expelled from the kingdom. Falkland Islands ceded to England. War with Portugal resumed. War with England renewed. France and Spain besiege Gibraltar. England cedes Balsaric Isles to Spain peace of Versailles. French invade Spain. at 1769 1770 1774 1776 1777 1781 1783 1785 1787 1788 1789 Beginning of the power of Madame du Barry. The Dauphine marries Marie Antoinette, of Austria. Death of Louis XV.; accession of Louis XVI. Dismissal of Turgot from office. Necker becomes Minister of Finance. Necker resigns as Minister of Finance. The torture abolished in legal proceedings. Treaty of Versailles; peace with England and Spain. "Diamond necklace affair" occasions intense excitement. Meeting of the Assembly of Notables; controversy over taxes. The Second Assembly of Notables. Reappointment of Necker. Meeting of the States-General, May 5. The Deputies of the Tiers Etat organize themselves as the National Assembly, June f7. It..... " 't.. pysig c lace. uy. ':,-cL A. ''i,- a, O '... A,. - I if -C (/~, tt' / / KUpy-i.., i-, y "ut,. A..i. v. J r; /,/ / ^.

Page  XVII STTPPT,'XTIENT XVT1 y- __ _ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -,------------__ -- - * *I-------IL-----"- I-- N -L ýZý V L,,,,,,,,.JL._._ _....,,,,^ ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY, 1815 Napoleon abolishes the slave trade, March 29. Leaves Paris for the army, June 12. He invades Belgium, June 15. Final overthrow of Napoleon at battle of Waterloo, June 18. Napoleon reaches Paris, June 20. Abdicates in favor of his son, June 22. He reaches Rochefort, where he intends to embark for America, July 3. Entry of Louis XVIII. into Paris. July 3. Napoleon goes on board the "Bellerophon" and claims the "hospitality" of England, July 15. Upon reaching England he is transferred to the "Northumberland," and sent a prisoner to St. Helena, Aug. 8, where he arrives Oct. 15. Execution of Marshal Ney, Dec. 7. 1816 The family of Napoleon forever excluded from the throne of France. 1820 Assassination of the Duke de Berri, Feb. 13. 1821 Death of Napoleon I. at St. Helena, May 5. 1824 Death of Louis XVIIL, Sept. 16. Charles X. becomes king. 1827 National Guard disbanded. War with Algiers. Serious riots in Paris. Seventy-six new peers created. 1829 The Folignac administration organized. 1830 Chamber of Deputies dissolved, May 16. Capture of Algiers by the French, July 5. Revolution and barricade of streets in Paris, July 27. Flight and abdication of Charles X., July 31. Unpopular ordinances passed regarding the election of deputies and the press, July 26. Duke of Orleans becomes King Louis Phillipe I. Polignac and the ministers of Charles X. sentenced to perpetual imprisonment. 1831 Great riots in Paris, Feb. 14 and 15. The hereditary peerage abolished. 12832 Insurrection in Paris suppressed. Death of Napoleon II., Duke of Reichstadt, July 22. Attempted assassination of the King, Dec. 27, 1834 Death of Lafayette, May 20. 1835 Fieschi attempts, with an infernal machine, to kill the King, July 28, and is executed, Feb. 6, 1836. 1836 Louis Alibaud fires at the king, June 25; is guillotined, July 11. Death of Charles X., Nov. 6. Prince Louis Napoleon attempts an insurrection at Strasbourg, Oct. 30; is banished to America, Nov. 13. The ministers of Charles X. set at liberty and sent out of France. Meunier attempts to kill the king. 1838 Death of Tallyrand, May 14. War with Mexico. 1839 Insurrections in Paris.:1840 M. Thiers becomes Prime Minister. Prince Louis Napoleon, General Montholon, and others, attempt an insurrection at Boulogne, Aug. 6. Prince Louis Napoleon sentenced to imprisonment for life, and confined in the castle of H-am, Oct. 6. Darmes attempts to shoot the king, Oct. 15. Removal of the remains of the Emperor Napoleon I. from St. Helena to Paris, Dec. 15. 1842 The Duke of Orleans, the heir to the throne, dies from the effect of a fall, July 13. 1843 Queen Victoria, of England, visits the royal family at the Chateau d' Eu. Extradition treaty with England. 1846 Lecompte attempts to assassinate Zhe king at Fontainebleau, April 16. Louis Napoleon escapes from Ha, May 25. Joseph Henri attempts to kill the king, July 29. 384 Serome Bonaparte returns to France after an exile of thirty-two years~ Death of the ex-Empress Marie Louise. Surrender of Abd-el-Kader to the French. '<<Reform banquet"' prohibited. Revolution of February 22, and barricade of the streets of Paris.:@light and abdication of the King, Feb. 21. The second republic proclaimed, Feb. 26. The provisional government succeeded by an executive commission, named by the Assembly, May 7. Louis? Napoleon elected to the National Assembly from the Seine and three other departments, June 13. Outbreak of the Red Republicans in Paris, June 23. 1849 Severe fighting in Paris, June 23 to 26; 16,000 persons killed, including the Archbishop of Paris. Surrender of the insurgents, June 26. Gen. Cavaignac at the head of the government, June 28. Louis Napoleon takes his seat in the Assembly, Sept. 26. The Constitution of the republic solemnly proclaimed, Nov. 12. Louis Napoleon elected president of the French Republic, Dec. 11. He takes the oath of office, Dec. 20. 1260 Death of Louis Philippe, at Claremont, in England, Aug. 26. Freedom of the press curtailed. 1851 Electric telegraph between England and France opened. The Coup d'Etat. Napoleon dissolves the Assembly and proclaims universal suffrage. Calls for an election of President for ten years. Declares Paris in a state of siege. Arrest of the prime minister, Thiers, and 180 members of the Assembly., The President crushes the opposition, with great loss of life, Dec. 3, 4. The Coup d'Etat sustained by the people at the polls, and Louis Napoleon reelected President for ten years, Dec. 21, 22; affirmative votes, 7,473,431; negative, 644,351. 1^ President Louis Napoleon occupies the Tuileries, Jan. 1. The new constitution published, Jan. 14. Banishment of 83 members of the Assembly,, and transportation of nearly 600 persons for resisting coup d'etat. The property, of the Orleans family confiscated. The birthday of Napoleon I., Aug. 15, declared the only national holiday. Organization of the Legislative Chambers, the Senate and Corps Legislatif, March 29. The President visits Strasbourg. M. Thiers and the exiles permitted to return to France, Aug. 8. The Senate petitions the President for "'the re-establishment of the hereditary sovereign power in the Bonaparte family," Sept. 13. The President visits the Southern and Western Departments, September and October; at Bordeaux utters his famous expression, "The Empire is Peace." The President releases Abd-el-Kader, Oct. 16. Measures for the re-establishment of the empire inaugurated, October and Novembet. The empire re-established by the popular vote, Nov. 21; yeas, 7,839,552; nays, 254,501; the President declared Emperor, and assumes the title of Napoleon III., Dec. 2. 1853 Napoleon marries Eugenie de Montigo, Countess of Teba, Jan. 29. The Emperor releases 4,312 political offenders, Feb. 2. Bread riots in Paris, and other cities. I - - 18 IS; 18, 18 18i 185 186 i86: 1862 1863 1864 1865 1867 1868 53 Death of F. Arago, the astronomer, Oct. 2. Attempt to assassinate the Emperor. 54 Beginning of the Crimean war. Treaty of Constantinople, March 12. War declared with Russia, March 27. 555 Emperor and Empress visit England, April. Industrial exhibition opened at Paris, May 15. Pianori attempts to assassinate the Emperor, April 28. Bellemarre attempts to assassinate the Emperor, Sept. 8. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visit France, August. 56 Birth of the Prince Imperial, March 16. Close of the - Crimean war, and the treaty of- Paris, March 30. Terrible inundations in the Southern Departments. 57 The Archbishop of Paris (Si ar) assassinated by a priest named Merger, June 3. Conference on Neuchatel difficulty, March 15. Conspiracy to assassinate the Emperor detected, July 11. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to England. Death. of Gen. Cavaignac, Oct. 28. The Emperor Napoleon meets the Emperor of Russia, at Stuttgart, Sept. 25. 58 Orsini and others attempt to kill the Emperor by the explosion of three shells; two persons killed and several wounded, Jan. 24. Passage of the Public Safety Bill. Trial of the Count de Montalembert. The Empire divided into five military departments. Republican outbreak at Chalons crushed. Orsini and Pietri executed for attempting to assassinate the Emperor. Visit of the Queen of England to Cherbourg. Conference, at Paris, respecting the condition of the Danubian principalities. 59 France declares war against Austria, and sends an army to the aid of Italy, May. The Empress declared Regent., The Emperor takes command of the army in Italy. Arrives at Genoa, May 12. Battles of Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May 30, 31; Magenta, June 4; Malegnano, June 8, and Solferino, June 24; the allies victorious in each. Armistice arranged, July 6. Meeting of the Emperors of France and Austria, at Villa Franca, July 11. Preliminary peace effected, July 12. The Emperor -Napoleon returns to France, July 17. Peace Conference meets at Zurich, for arrangement of treaty between France and Sardinia and Austria. Peace signed, Nov. 12. % 0 France adopts a free trade policy. Commercial treaty with England signed Jan. 23. Annexation of Savoy and Nice to France. Meeting of the Emperor with the German sovereigns at Baden, June 15-17. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to Savoy, Corsica, and Algiers. The public levying of Peter's pence forbidden, and restrictions placed uwoa the issuing of pastoral letters. Napoleon makes concessions to the Chamnbers in favor of freedom of speech. The Pope advised by the Emperor to give up his temporal possessions. I The principality of Monaco purchased for 4,000,000 francs by France. Troubles with the church about the Roman question. Sardinian Boundary treaty, March 7. The government issues a circular forbidding priests to meddle in politics, April 11. Commercial treaty with Belgium ratified. Neutrality declared in the American conflict.. France recognizes the kingdom of Italy, June 24. Meeting of the Emperor and King of Prussia, at Compiegne, Oct. 6. Convention between France, Great Britain and Spain concerning intervention in M~exico. Embarrassment in the Government finances. Achille Fould m:ade minister of finance. 2 The Mexican expedition begun. The French conquer the province of Bienhoa, in.4.mam. Six provinces In. Cochin China conquered| and ceded to France.| The British and Spanish forces withdraw from the Mexican expedition. War declared against Mexico. Peace effected with Annam. New commercial treaty with Prussia, Aug. 2. Great distress in the manufacturing districts in consequence of the civil war in the United States. Commercial treaty with Italy. Convention with Spain for the rectification of the frontier. Growing power of the opposition in the Chambers and throughout the country. The elections result in the choice of many opposition deputies, including Thiers, Favre, Ollivier and others. Napoleon proposes a European Conference for the settlement, of the questions of the day, Nov. 9. England declines to join the proposed Conference, Nov. 25. The French armyconquer Mexico and, occupy the capital. Treaty-between France and Japan. Commercial treaty with Switzerland. Convention with Italy respecting the evacuation of Rome, Sept. 15. Establishment of the Mexican empire, with Maximilian, of Austria, as Emperor. Death of Marshal Pelissier, Duke of Malakoff. The clergy 'prohibited from reading the Pope's Encyclical in the churches. Treaty with Sweden signed. The plan of Minister Duruy, for compulsory education, rejected by the Assembly. Death of the Duke de Morny. Visit of the Emperor to Algeria. The English fleet visits Cherbourg and Brest. The French fleet visits Portsmouth. The Queen of Spain visits the Erqperor at Biarritz. Students' riot in Paris. Napoleon expresses his detestation, he treaties of 1815, May 6. Proposed peace conference in conju. ition with England and Russia for the settlement of the troubles betweev Prussia, Italy and Austria. Austria refuses to join in it. France declares a "Watchful Neutrality"-" as to the German-Italian war. Napoleon demands of Prussia a cession of a part of the Rhine provinces. His demand is refused. Austria cedes Venetia to France, who transfers it to Italy. The French occupation of Rome terminated, Dec. 11. Congress at Paris on Roumanian affairs. Settlement of the Luxemburg question by the London Conference. The great international exposition at Paris opened April 1. Visit of many crowned heads. Attempted assassination of the Czar of Russia, June 6. Riots in Bordeaux and Paris, in March and June. I 1868 Treaties with Italy, Prussia and Mecklenburg signed. 1869 Serious election riots in Paris. Great radical successes in the elections. The Emperor makes new concessions in favor of the constitutional government. Celebration of the one hundredth birthday of Napoleon the Great. Death of Lamartine, Feb. 28. Resignation of ministry, Dec. 27. 1870 Victor Noir shot by Prince Pierre Bonaparte, Jan. 10. Great riots in Paris, Feb. 8, 9. Discovery of plots against the Emperor's life. Trial and acquittal of Prince Pierre Bonaparte. The Plebiscitum on change of Constitution; affirmative vote secured for Plebiscite, May 8. Nomination of Prince Leopold for Spanish throne creates warlike feeling. Prince Leopold withdraws. Refusal of Prussia to give guarantees to France. War with Prussia declared, July 15. English mediation refused, July 20. Prussians blow up bridge of Kehl. The Emperor takes command of the ar- my. Severe and undecisive engagement at Saarbuck, Aug. 2-4. Defeat of the French at Woerth and Forbach, Aug. 6. Strasburg invested, Aug. 10. Battle of Courcelles, Aug. 14. Decisive victory at Gravelotte, Aug. 18. Bazaine's army shut up in Metz, Aug. 24. Repulse of Germans at Verdun, Aug. 25. Great victory of Prussians at battle of Sedan, Sept. 1. The Emperor Napoleon and the French army made prisoners of war, Sept. 2. Revolution in Paris, and fall' of the Empire. Flight of the Empress Eugenie, Sept. 7. The Republic proclaimed in Paris, and the Provisional Government organized, Sept. 7. Paris invested by the Prussians, Sept. 19. Strasburg surrendered, Sept. 27. Metzv and French army, under Bazaine, surrender, Oct. 27. Defeat of the French army of the North, Dec. 23. 1871 Rocroy capitulates, Jan. 6. Alencon surrendered, Jan. 17. Paris bombarded by the Prussians. King William of Prussia proclaimed Emperor of Germany, at Versailles, Jan. 18. The armistice and peace signed, Feb. 27. France agrees to give up Alsace, a fifth of Lorraine, with Metz and ThionviIle, and to pay five milliards of francs. Meeting of the Assembly at Bordeaux. Formation of a provisional government. Prussians enter France, March 1. Peace with Germany. Revolt of the C'ommune, March 18. The second siege and capture of Paris, March 28. Thiers elected President of the Third Republic. 1872 Reorganization of the government in France. A large part of the w, ar indemnity paid. Death of the. Duke de Persigny, Jan. 12. Commercial treaty with Belgium and England abrogated, Feb. 2. 1873 Death of Napoleon III., at Chiselhurst, England, Jan. 9. New treaty of evacuation signed with Germany, March 15. M. Thiers resigns the presidency, May 24. Marshal MacMahon chosen President cif the Republic, May 25. Wa:- indemnity paid in full, Sept. 5. Germans avacuate Verdun, Sept. ]5. Presidential term fixed at seven years. Bazaine sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for surrender of Metz, Dec. 12. 1874- Execution of communists. Escape of General Bazaine, Aug. 11. Payment of the German debt, September. 1875 The legislative body reorganized,~ and two Chambers created. Passage of a bill for the construction of a tunnel under the English channel. 1876 Meeting of the new Chambers, March 7. Amnesty for communists. New ministry formed by Jules Simon. 1877 Death of M. Thiers, Sept. 8. MacMahon dissolves Chamber of Deputies, June 25. Garnbetta prosecuted, Aug. 25. ].878 International Exposition at Paris opened May I. 1879 Resignation of President MacMahon, Jan. 2. M. Jules Grevy elected President by the -Senate, Jan. 30. Gambetta becomes President of the Chamber. Waddington- forms a new ministry. Communist amnesty bill passed, Feb. 21. Bill to abolish Jesuit colleges introduced by M. Ferry. Prince Louis Napoleon killed in Zululand, Africa,, June 1. M. De Freycinet forms hew ministry, to succeed Waddington's, Dec. 21. 1880 Rejection of educational bills of M. Ferry, March 9. Jesuit, and other orders, dissolved 7)y national decree. General amnesty bill passed, July 3. New ministry formed by Jules Ferry, Sept. 20. 1881 Elections favorable to the government. $200,000,000 loan taken up three times over. France invades Tunis, and treaty with Bey signed, May 12, by which the republic gains virtual Suzerainty. Ratification by Senate, May 23. Great excitement produced in Italy. Gambetta enthusiastically received at Cahors, May 25. Rejection of semtin de liste, May 9. Gambetta premier on resignation of Ferry's cabinet. 1882 Resignation of Gambetta's ministry, Jan. 30. Freycinet Prime Minister; resigns, July 29. Rejection of vote of credit to protect Suez Canal. Disastrous floods in France, Aug. 6. Duclerc succeeds in forming a new ministry, Aug. 7. Death of Louis Blanc, aged 71, Dec. 6. Death of Leon Gambetta, aged 42, Dec. 24. 1883 Arrest of Prince Napoleon charged with sedition, Jan. 16; released, Feb. 9. Resignation of the Duclerc ministry. M. Faillieres Prime Minister, Jan, 29. Death of Gustave Dore, aged 50, Jan. 23. Passage of the expulsion bill, Feb. 1. Jules Ferry forms a new ministry, Feb. 21. Commencement of hostilities with Madagascar; bombardment of Majunga, May 16; bombardment of Tamatave, Madagascar, June 13. Blockade of Tonquin by French fleet, September. ' Apology offered by President Grevy to King Alfonso. Sept. 30. Gen. Thibaudin resigns office of Minister of War, Oct. 5. 1884 Treaty between France and China signed, May 11. France commences hostilities by bombardment and capture of Kelung, Aug. 6. Serious outbreak of cholera at Toulon. 1985 Langson, China, captured by the French, Feb. 12. Peace concluded with China, April 6, and treaty signed of Tientsin, June 9. 1885 Death of Victor Hugo, aged 83, March 22. 1887 Burning of the Theatre Comique, 100 lives lost, May 25. Fall of President Grevy, Dec. 2. M. Sadi Carnot elected President, Dec. 3. 1888 Remains of Napoleon III. and the Prince Imperial removed to Farmsborough. 1889 Centennial of French revolution celebrated, May 5. Paris Exposition opened, May 6. 1890 Cabinet, with M. de Freycinet, March 16. 1891 Russia bestows decoration on Pres. Carnot, March. 1893 Panama Canal frauds exposed, many prominent men imprisoned. Court of Cassation quashed the sentence of the Panama Canal swindlers, and all released from jail, except Chas. de Lesseps. France gives Siam an ultimatum, which was accepted, June 29. Marshal McMahon, ex-president, died, Oct. 17. 1894 President Sadi Carnot assassinated at Lyons by an anarchist. Casimir-Perfer elected president, but resigned shoitly after and was succeeded by Felix Faure. 1895 French arm) succeeds in capturing Madagascar. 1899 Dreyfus case c-eates great excitement. Capt. Dreyfus -pardoned, Sept. 19. Emile Loubet elected President, Feb. 18. 1900 Theatre Francais, Paris, burned, March 8. 1901 Santos-Dumont wins prize for steerable balloon, Nqv. Austria-Hungary. 1772 Austria acquir( 3 Galicia, and other provinces, from F Iland. 1785 Vassalage abolished in Hungary. 1792 War with France begins. 1793 The Austrians victorious at the battles of Neerwinden and Quesnoy. 1795 The Austrians defeated at the battle of Loano. 1796 Disastrous defeats sustained against Bonaparte at Montenotte, Lodi, Badstadt, Roseredo, and elsewhere. 1797 Treaty of Campo Formio. The Emperor surrenders Lombardy to Napoleon, and obtains Venice. 1799 Additional defeats at Zurich and Bergen. 1800 Defeat of Austrians by the French at the battles of Engen, May 3; Montebello, June 9; Marengo, June 14; Hochstadt, June 19; Hohenlinden, Dec. 3; and Mincio-. 1801 Treaty of Luneville; loss of more Austrian 'territory. 1804 Francis II. of Germany becomes Francis I. of Austria. 1805 War with France declared by Francis. General Ney defeats Austrians at Elchingen and Ulm. Capture of Vienna by Napoleon. Battle of Austerllta, Complete defeat of Austrians and Russians. 1805 Treaty of Presburg. Austria surrenders the Tyrol and Venice. The French evacuate Vienna. ~ The Germanic Confederation dissolved. The Austrian King abdicates. 1809 Battle of Ahensberg; defeat of Austrians. Second capture of Vienna, by the French; the city restored Oct. 24. 1810 Marriage of the Archduchess Maria Louise, daughter of Francis II., to Napoleon L. April 1, 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. Congress of Sovereigns at Vienna. 1815 Treaty of Vienna. Austria regains her Italian provinces, with additions. The Lombardo-Venetian kingdom established. 1825 Hungarian Diet assembles. 1835 Death of Francis I.; Ferdinand I. succeeds him. 1838 Treaty of commerce with England. Ferdinand I. crowned Emperor at Milan. 1848 Insurrection at Vienna. Flight of Prince Metternich, March 13. Insurrections in Italy, which are crushed. Another insurrection at Vienna. The Emperor flees to Inspruck, May 15 -17. The Archduke John appointed Vicar-General of the Empire, May 29. A Constitutional Assembly meets at Vienna, July 22. Third insurrection in Vienna. Count Latour murdered: Oct. 6. War with Sardinia. Revolution in Hungary. Imperial troops capture Raab and defeat Hungarians, at Szikiszo and Mohr. The Emperor Ferdinand abdicates in fa vor of his nephew, Francis Joseph. 1849 Sardinia forced to make peace. Constitution granted. Hungary declares independence, April 14. Kossuth proclaimed Governor. Total defeat of Hungarians at Szegeden. The revolution in Hungary suppressed, after a severe struggle, Count Bathyany executed. 1850 Convention of Olmutz. 1851 The Emperor revokes the Constitution of 1849. 1851 Tri'd by jury abolished in the Empire. j";, Libeny& attempts to assassinate the Emperor. Commercial treaty with Prussia. 1854 The Austrians enter the Danubian principalities. 1856 Amnesty granted to the Hungarian political offenders of 1848, '49, by the Emperor. 1857 Quarrel with Sardinia, and diplomatic relations suspended. The Danubian provinces evacuated. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to Hungary. 1859 War with France and Sardinia. Austrians cross the Ticino and enter Piedmont. Austrians defeated at Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May 30, 31. Napoleon III. declares war with Austria, May 31. Battles of Magenta, June 4; Melegnano, June 8, and Solferino, June 24, in all of which Austria suffers defeat. Death of Prince Metternich. Armistice between the Austrians and the allies agreed upon, July G. Meeting of the Emperors of France and Austria, July 11. Peace of Villa Franca, July 12. Austria surrenders Lombardy to Sardinia. Further troubles in Hungary; fears of a revolution. The Emperor grants increased privileges to the Protestants. Treaty of Zurich, Nov. 10; permanent peace with France and Sardinia. 1860 The Emperor removes the disabilities of the Jews. The meeting of the Reichsrath, the great imperial council or diet, May 31. Austria protests against the annexation of the Italian duchies by the King of Sardinia. The liberty of the press further retained; renewed troubles in Hungary. The Reichsrath granted legislative powers, the control of the finances, etc. 1861 Amnesty granted for political offences in Hungary, Croatia, etc. Great disaffection throughout the Empire caused by the reactionary policy of the court. The new Constitution for the Austrian monarchy published. Civil and political rights granted to Protestants throughout the Empire, except in Hungary and Venice. 1861 No deputies present from Hungary, Croatia, Transylvania, Venice, or Istria, at meeting of the Reichsrath, April 29. The Hungarians demand the restoration of the Constitution of 1848. The new- liberal Constitution for the empire fails to satisfy Hungary. Military levy taxes in Hungary. Entire independence refused Hungary by the Emperor, July 21. The Diet of Hungary protests, Aug. 20, and is dissolved, Aug. 21. The magistrates at Pesth resign. Military government established in Hungary, in December. 1862 Amnesty granted to Hungarian revolutionists. Cessation of prosecutions, Nov. 19. Ministry of Marine created. The principle of ministerial responsibility adopted in the imperial government. Great reduction of the army. A personal liberty (a kind of habeas corpus) bill passed. Serious inundations throughout the empire. 16'3 Unsuccessful insurrection in Poland. Transylvania accepts the constitution and sends deputies to the Reichsrath. German sovereigns meet at Frankfort. Federal Constitution reformed. 1864 G-alicia and Cracow declared in a state of siege. War with Denmark, about SchleswigHolstein; meeting of the Emperor with King of Prussia, June 22; peace with Denmark, Oct. 30. Austria supports the German Confederation in the dispute respecting the duchies. 1865 Great financial difficulties in the empire; reforms resolved upon. Concessions made to Hungary, and a more liberal manner of governing the empire introduced. Convention of Gastein with Prussia for. the disposal of the Danish duchies. Austria receives the temporary government of Holstein, and the promise of 2,500,000 Danish dollars from Prussia. Rescript of the Emperor suppressing the Constitution for the purpose of granting independence to Hungary. The Emperor visits Pesth, Hungary. Dissatisfaction in the rest of the empire. 1866 Quarrel with, Prussia, Bavaria, HesseCassel, Saxony, Hanover, Wurtemburg, Hesse-Darmstadt on the Holstein question. Nassau and Frankfort allied with Austria. The Ger~man-Italian war between Austria enters Silesia. The Italians defeated by the Archnduke Albrecht, June 24, at battle of Custova. The Prussians occupy Saxony and invade Bohemia. Defeat of the Austrians at battle of Nachos, June 27. Battle of Skalitz; decisive defeat of the Austrian army, under Benedek, at Sadowa, July 3. Venetia ceded to France, July 4, and intervention requested. Great victory by the Austrian fleet over the Italian fleet, at Lissa, July 20. An armistice agreed upon between Austria and Prussia, July 22; peace of Nicholsburg, Aug. 30. Hanover, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau and Frankfort gained. by Prussia. Austria retires from the German Confederation. Baron Von Beust made prime minister. The Emperor makes great concessions to Galicia. 1867 A new and very liberal Constitution for the empire adopted. Hungary constituted an independent kingdom. Andrassy elected President of Hungarian Diet. The Emperor and Empress of Austria \ crowned King and Queen of Hungary, ""A at Pesth, June 8. 1868 The clergy of the Roman Catholic church made amenable to the civil law. Civil marriage authorized. The State assumes the control of secular education. 1869 Serio.ci outbreaks in Dalmatia against conscription. 1870 The Concordat repealed. Neutrality declared in the Franco-Prusian war. Bitter contest between national and fed181 eral parties. 181Further reforms in the government instituted. Measures adopted looking to the representation of all the nationalities era braced in the empire.. Austria recognizes new German Confederation. Old Catholic movement at Vienna. Rivalry between Slavonian conservatives and German constitutionalists; overthrow of Beust. Andrassy appointed Minister of Foreign affairs. 1872 Change in the Electoral Law. Meeting of the Emperors at Berlin. 1873 Visit of the Emperor of Germany and King of Italy to Vienna. International Exhibition at Vienna, opened May 1. The federalists defeated in the elections. 1874 Reforms in the empire. *^ Visit of the Emperor to Russia. Ecclesiastical laws of Austria condemned by the Pope. Death of Ferdinand-, ex-Emperor, 1875 Visit of the Emperor to Italy. Great financial crisis. Change in the bed of the Danube. 1876 New marriage law proclaimed. Austria takes a leading part in the eastr ern question. Neutrality declared in Servian war. 1877 Austria remains neutral in the Turkish war. 1878 Andrassy represents Austria in the Berlin Conference. Occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and war with the former. 1879 Resignation of Count Andrassy. 1881 The Archduke Rudolph marries the Princess Stephanie, Belgium. 1883 Raab, Hungary, inundated by the rising of the Danube; many lives lost, Jan. 9. 1884 Burning of the Stadt Theatre, Vienna, May 16., 1885 Meeting of the Emperor and Czar of Russia at Kremsier, Aug. 25. Meeting of the Emperor with the Emperor of Germany at Gastein, Aug. 6. 1889 Crown Prince suicides, Jan. 30. Emperor Francis Joseph visits Berlin, Aug. 12. 1890 The Rothschilds protest against the persecu-on of the Jews, May 11. 1891 Austro-German new commercial treaty, April 2. 1904 Members Hungarian House wreeked Chamber in riot, Dec. 13. SCANDINAVIA. Most of Norway was united under Harold Haarfager about the end of the ninth century. Albert of Mecklenburg became king of Sweden. Margaret, the Semiramis of the North, became Queen of Denmark. This great princess died in 1412. 1365 1385 t.... *........ 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Page  XVIII ýA - SUPPLEMENT XVIII. j I -! a ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. NEW % 1387 Norway and Denmark became confederate kingdoms, under one ruler, and remained so until 1814. 1407 By the Treaty of Calmar, Sweden joined the confederacy or Scandinavian kingdom, 1448 Christian I. of Oldenburg became king and added Schleswig and Holstein to the kingdom. 1520 Sweden revolted from the foreign yoke and under Gustavus Vasa, her future king, became independent in 1523. Gustavus Vasa died in 1560. 1523 Lutheran religion established in Denmark. 1537 Catholicism suppressed and church lands annexed to the crown. 1611 Gustavus Adolphus, The Lion King of the iSorth and Bulwark of Protestantism in Germany, became king of Sweden. He was an important factor in the Thirty Years' War and was killed at the battle of Lutzen in 1632. 1664 Charles XII. became king of Sweden, after engaging in successful war with Russia he was defeated by Peter the Great at Pultowa in 1709 and became a fugitive. 1792 Gustavus III. assassinated and succeeded by Gustavus IV. The latter being insane, was dethroned. 1809 Charles XIII. succeeded to the throne of Sweden. 1810 For want of a legitimate heir, Bernadotte, prince of Ponte Corvo, one of Napoleon's marshals, was elected crown prince of Sweden. 1814 Norway taken from Denmark and given to Sweden as indemnity for her losses in Finland by the allies, and Laurenberg was given to Denmark in exchange. 1818 Bernadotte ascended the throne of Sweden and Nor-way, where his descendants are still seated. 1863 Insurrection in Sclleswig-Holstein and Laurenberg, assisted by Prussia and Austria, resulted in the loss of these provinces to Denmark. Christian IX. crowned king of Denmark. 1872 Oscar II. ascended the throne of Sweden and Norway. 1893 Viking ship built at Christiana, Sweden, and sailed for the World's Fair at Chicago, April 9. Dr. Nansen, the Arctic explorer, sailed from Christiana, Sweden, June 24, GERMANY. 1765 Joseph II. becomes Emperor. 1766 Lorraine ceded to France. 1769 Convention between Prussia and Austria, 1772 Germaniy shares in the partition of Poland. 1788 War with Turkey. 1790 Leopold II. becomes Emperor. 1791 Conference between the. Emperor and Frederick of Prussia. 1792 Accession of Francis II. of Austria. 1793 Revolt in the Rhenish provinces. Prussians seize Dantzic and acquire Posen. 1795 Warsaw ceded to Prussia in the division of Poland. War with France. 1797 Accession of Frederick William III., of Prussia. 1801 Prussians seize Hanover. Treaty of Luneville; Germany loses the Netherlands, the Italian states and territories west of the Rhine. 1804 Francis II. renounces the, title of Emperor of Germany, and assumes that of Emperor of Austria. 1805 Treaty of Vienna. Napoleon establishes the kingdoms of Wurtemburg and Bavaria. 1806 Dissolution of the German Empire. Formation of the Confederation of the Rhine. Prussians seize Hanover. War declared against Napoleon, Sept. 24. Battles of Auerstadt and Jena; French enter Berlin, Oct. 21. | 1807 The kingdom of Westphalia established by Napoleon. Treaty of Tilsit between France and Prussia. 1808 Serfdom abolished in Prussia. 1810 North Germany annexed to France. 1812 An alliance concluded with Austria and Russia. 1813 The war of Liberation, against Napoleon, begins. The French evacuate Berlin, March 4.? War declared against France, March 16. Silesia invaded by Napoleon, May 31. Ney defeated by Blucher at Katzbach, Aug. 16. Allies completely defeat Napoleon at Leipsic, Oct. 16. 1814 France invaded by the allies. Battles of Brienne, Creon, and Laon. 1815 Congress of Vienna. Final overthrow of Napoleon. Formation of the Germanic Confederation. 1817 Insurrection in Breslau put down. 1818 The Zollverein (commercial union) formed. 1819 Anti-revolutionary Congress of Carlsbad. 1832 Death of Goethe, German poet. 1833 Other German states join the Zollverein. 1834 Thuringia and ýSaxony join the Zollverein. 1840 Accession of Frederick William IV., of Prussia. 1844 Attempted assassination of the Prussian King. 1848 Insurrection in Berlin, and revolutionary movements throughout Germany. German National Assembly meets in Frankfort. 1849 The German National Assembly elects S the King of Prussia Emperor of Germany, 'March 28. He declines the honor, and' recalls the Prussian members of the Assembly. Frankfort Assembly removes to Stuttgart. Austria protests against alliance of Prussia and smaller German States, 1850. Treaty between Bavaria, Saxony and Wurtemburg, Feb. 27. Parliament meets at Erfurt. The German Confederation meets at Frankfort, Sept. 2. Hesse-Cassel invaded by the forces of Austria, Bavaria, and Prussia, Nov. 12. 1851 Reassembly of Diet of German Confederation at Frankfort. 1853 Insurrectionary plot in Berlin discovered. 1857 Revision of the German Confederation. Meeting of an assembly of the German Confederation at Frankfort, at the call of Austria. Troubles in Hesse-Cassel. The elector restored by the Confederation. 1859 Bavaria, and other German states, manifest a willingness to assist Austria against the French in Italy. 1860 Quarrel with Denmark about the Danish duchies begins. Federal Diet maintains Hesse-Cassel Constitution against Prussia. Holstein-Schleswig dispute with Den mark. 1861 Death of Frederick William IV.; accession of William I. National Assembly meets at Heidelberg. Attempted assassination of the King. 1862 The National Assembly, at Berlin, declares in favor of unification. Bismarck becomes Prime Minister. 1863 The Lower House closed, for the second time, by William I. German states, except Prussia, meet at Frankfort, and approve a plan of federal reform. 1864 The quarrel with Denmark results in war with that kingdom. The Danes are defeated and forced to surrender the duchies. Peace restored, Oct. 30. 1865 The Gastein convention. It gives great offence to the German Diet. Prussia and Austria called upon to give up Holstein, which they refuse. 1866 War between Prussia and Austria, and their respective allies. Austria defeated. Saxony and Holstein invaded by Prussia. Prussia makes peace with the several German states. North German Confederation formed, Aug. 18. 1867 Formation of the new Zollverein includes Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Baden, Hesse, Darmstadt, and Prussia. 1868 South German military commission appointed. 1870 France declares war against Germany. Munich, Stuttgart, 'and other cities, declare for union with North Germany. Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Hesse, Darmstadt and Baden support Prussia. Invasion of France by the Germans. Unparalleled success of the German troops. The Emperor, Napoleon III., and two French armies made prisoners by the Germans. North German Parliament opens at Berlin, Nov. 24. The German empire formed. The Imperial Crown offered to the King of Prussia, Dec. 10. 1871 King William I., -of Prussia, proclaimed Emperor of Germany at Versailles. Prince Bismarck becomes Chancellor. Successful close of the French war. The Germans occupy Paris, and deprive France of Alsace and Lorraine. Treaty of peace with France ratified, May 16. Triumphal entry of the victorious German army into Berlin, June 16. German Parliament opened by the Emperor, Oct. 16. 1872 The Jesuits expelled from the empire, July 5. Meeting of the Emperors of Germany, Russia, and Austria, at Berlin, Sept. 6. Bismarck resigns the premiership of Prussia. 1873 National Liberals succeed in the elections..- Troubles with the Roman Catholic church. Monetary reform law passed, June 23. Germany receives the last payment of the French indemnity, Sept. 5. 1874 Civil marriage bill passed. New military and press laws. Attempt to assassinate' Prince Von Bismarck, July 13. Bismarck resigns Chancellorship, Dec. 16. Resignation withdrawn upon receiving a vote of confidence. 1875 The Imperial Bank bill adopted. Visit of the Emperor to Italy, Aug. 17. Government aid withdrawn from Cath-. olic clergy. 1876 Germany takes part in the Eastern question.. Visit of Queen Victoria to Berlin..-"--Trouble with Roman Catholic church. S Inundations in Prussia. The Czar of Russia visits Germany. 1877 Code of laws enacted March 21. Second resignation of Bismarck; resignation again withdrawn. 1878 Attempt to assassinate the Emperor William by Hodel, a socialist, May 11. A second attempt to assassinate the Emperor, who is wounded. The Crown Prince takes charge of the Empire. Death of King George of Hanover, June 12. -The Berlin Conference of the Great Powers. * Suppression of many newspapers and clubs. Regency of the Crown Prince. 1879 The Emperor resumes the government. Protectionists' bill adopted, May 9. Meeting of Bismarck and Andrassy, at Vienna, Sept. Code of laws passed in 1877 goes into operation. 1880 Small states outvote Prussia, Saxony and Bavaria on stamp duties. Bismarck * resigns a third time, and the states yield. "New Liberal" party formed, Aug. 1881 German Reichstag opened, Feb. 16. The Liberals successful in the October elections. 1882 Imperial rescript of Jan. 4 asserts extreme rights of the Emperor, and slight constitutional restraints; rescript modified by explanation. Disastrous floods in Germany, Dec. 6. 1883 Grand celebration in Berlin upon the twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of the Crown Prince and Princess. The Emperor appoints the King of Spain to the command of the Schleswig-Holstein Uhlan regiment, Sept. 27. Death of William R. Wagner, German composer, aged 69, Feb. 13. 1884 Conference of the Great Powers upon Egyptian finances, Aug. 2. Germany occupies the Caroline Islands, Aug. 20. Death of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, aged 57, June 15. Convention between Prussia and Austriao 1887 Septennate army bill passed March 11. Ecclesiastical bill passed, April 27. 1888 Death of Emperor William, March 9. Frederick III. becomes Emperor, March 11. Wilhelm II., Emperor, June 18. 1889 Samoan Agreement signed, June 14. 1890 Von Caprivi succeeds Bismarck as Chancellor, March 19. Heligoland transferred to Germany by England, Aug. 9. 1891 The Empress Friedrich visits Paris, Feb. Rigid passport regulations enforced in Alsace Lorraine. Death of Gen. Von Moltke, April 24. 1893 Princess Margaret, sister of the Emperor, weds Prince Charles Frederick of Hesse, Jan. 25. Unveiling of the statue of William L. at Bremen. 1894 Caprivi resigns the Chancellorship of the Empire and is succeeded by Prince von Hohenlohe. 1895 Grand celebration by German veterans of the twenty-fifth anniversaries of Gravelotte, Sedan, etc. Celebration and naval demonstration at Kiel on account of the opening of the great canal connecting the Baltic with 4he North Sea. 1898 Prince Bismarck died, July 30. 1905 Great coal strike, Jan. 1793 Prussia seizes Dantzic and acquires Posen, 1795 Warsaw ceded to Prussia in the partition of Poland. 1797 Frederick William III., of Prussia, becomes Emperor of Germany. 1801 Prussians seize Hanover, 1805 Treaty of Vienna. Downfall of the German Empire, 1806 Prussia seizes Hanover, Posen. Prussia joins the alliance against France. Battles of Jena and Auerstadt. Prussia succumbs to Napoleon. ' Napoleon issues the Berlin Decree. 1807 Peace of Tilsit. Napoleon restores one-half of his dominions to the King of Prussia. 1808 Convention of Berlin. Serfdom abolished in Prussia. 1812 Prussia concludes an alliance with Russia and Austria. 1813 The French evacuate Berlin, March 4. The war of Liberation begun. Uprising of the people. The "Landwehr" formed. Battle of Leipsic, Oct. 16. 1814 The allies invade France. Complete defeat of Napoleon. The Prussians occupy the French capital, Treaty of Paris. 1815 Congress of Vienna; Germanic Confederation formed. Prussia enters the Holy Alliance. 1817 Establishment of the Ministry of Education. 1818 Formation of the Prussian Zollverein. 1819 Congress of Carlsbad. Death of Marshal Blucher, Sept, 12. 1840 Accession of Frederick William IV., of Prussia. 1844 Attempt to assassinate the King of Prussia. 1848 Revolution of 1848. Berlin declared in a stage of siege, Nov. 12. The Constituent Assembly meets in Brandenburgh Castle, Nov. 29. The King dissolves the Assembly, and issues a new Constitution, Dec. 5. 1849 The German National Assembly offer the Imperial Crown of Germany to the King of Prussia, March 28. He declines it, April 29. Martial law declared throughout the kingdom, May 10. Occupation of Carlsruhe by the Prussians, June 23. The revolution in Baden completely crushed. 1850 The King takes the oath to the new Constitution, Feb. 6. Attempt to assassinate the King, May 22. Treaty of peace with Denmark. Prussia refuses to join the restricted Diet of Frankfort. Prussia warns Austria of her intention to uphold the Constitution in HesseCassel, Sept. 21. The Prussian army occupies Hesse, Nov. 12. The Prussian troops withdraw from Baden, Nov. 14. The Convention of Olmutz removes the cause of the trouble, and restores peace to Germany, Nov. 29. 1851 Visit of the King to Russia. 1852 The King re-establishes the Council of the state as it existed prior to 1848. 1853 Plot against the government discovered in Berlin. 1854 Wavering policy of the government respecting the Eastern question. Prussia remains neutral in the Crimean war. Prussia enters into treaty with Austria. 1855 Prussia not allowed to take part in the Conference at Vienna. 1856 Takes part in the Conference at Paris. Crown Prince becomes Regent in Prussia. Quarrel with Switzerland about Neufchatel. Prussia relinquishes her claim for a pecuniary compensation. 1857 Serious illness of the King, The Prince of Prussia, Emperor William I., made Regent. 1858 Prince Frederick William, son of the Crown Prince, married to the Princess Royal of England. 1859 Franco-Italian war. Prussia remains neutral, but threatening. 1860 Federal Diet maintains Hesse-Cassel Constitution against Prussia. 1861 William I. becomes king upon the death of his brother, Frederick William IV., Jan, 2. National Association meets at Heidelberg. Becher, a Leipzig student, atteipts to assassinate the King. The King and.Queen crowned at Konigsberg. 1862 The National Assembly at Berlin declares in favor of unification. The government defeated in the elections. Count Bismarck Schonhausen made Premier. The Chamber informed by him that the Budget is deferred until 1863; protest of the deputies against this as unconstitutional, Sept. 30. The Budget passed by the Chamber of Peers without the amendment of the Chamber., The Chamber declares the act of the Peers unconstitutional, Oct. 11. Close of the session of the Chambers by the King, Oct. 13, 1863 Continuation of the quarrel between the Government and the Chamber. The King closes the session a second time, and resolves to govern without a Parliament, May 27. 1863 Severe restrictions imposed upon the press, June 1. The Crown Prince disavows participation in the recent action of the ministry, June 5; decree recalled. 1864 War with Denmark about the Danish duchies. Holstein invaded by Prussia. Denmark ports blockaded. Denmark forced to give up the duchies, and make peace. Treaty signed, Oct. 30. 1865 Quarrel between the government and the Chamber of Deputies over the army budget. I The budget being rejected the king prorogues the parliament, and declares he will rule without it. The King arbitrarily seizes and disposes of the revenue, July 5. Convention of Gastein. Bismarck visits Napoleon III., at Paris. 1866 The Diet demands the surrender of Holstein by Prussia and Austria, which they refuse. Prussian treaty with Belgium. Attempt on Bismarck's life, May 7. War with Austria and her allieso Battle of Sadowa, total defeat of Austrians. Treaty of peace with several German states and Austria. Formation of the North German Confederation, under the leadership of Prussia. Hanover annexed to Prussia. 1867 Extraordinary session of the Prussian Diet. First meeting of the new German Parliament. 1868 Prussia passes the Rhine navigation treaty. 1870 France declares war against Prussia. Prussia receives the support of German States. France invaded by the German army un 1871 1872 \ 173 '1875 1876 Great Britain and Ireland 1765 American Stamp Act passed, March 22. Death of the Pretender, at Rome. Percy's Reliques published. 1766 Birth of Isaac Disraeli; died 1848. 1768 Bruce's travels. Academy of arts founded. 1769 Letters of Junius. Watt's engine. Arkwright's Jenny. Birth of the painter, Lawrence; died 1830. 1770 Lord North's ministry. Cook's voyages in the South Sea. 1771 English debates reported. Birth of Sir Walter Scott; died 1832. 1772 Warren Hastings in India. 1774 Suicide of Lord Clive. 1775 Commencement of the American Revolution; (see United States.) Birth of Charles Lamb; died 1835. 1776 "Wealth of Nations" decline and fall. 1777 Royal Marriage Act. Birth of T. Campbell; died 1844. 1778 Death of the Earl of Chatham. Relief bill for Irish Catholics passed. Birth of H. Hallam; died 1859. 1779 Rodney's victories. 70 Eliot at Gibraltar. '1780 Lord George Gordon's "No Popery" riots, *= in London. Birth of Channing; died 1842. 1781 Trial and acquittal of Gordon. 1782 England acknowledges the independence of the United States, Nov. 30.~ Lord Rockingham's second ministry. Grattan's Irish Constitution. 1783 Coalition ministry. England wars with Tippoo-Saib. 1784 Settlement of Upper Canada. Birth of Sheridan Knowles; died 1862, 1785 Birth of De Quincey; died 1860. 1786 Attempted assassination ef the King by Margaret Nicholson, (insane). Birth of Dr. Chalmers; died 1842. 1788 Trial of Warren Hastings. Birth of Lord Byron; died 1824. London Times founded. Birth of Sir H. Davy; -died 1829. 1790 Boswell's Johnson published. 1791 Birmingham riots. Paine and "People's Friend." 1792 First coalition against France. 1793 England begins.war with France. 1794 Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act. English expedition to Dunkirk; Lord Howe's victory over the French fleet. 1795 Acquittal of Warren Hastings, April 23. Birth of Carlisle; died 1881. Cape of Good HElope doubled. Prince of Wales marries Caroline of Brunswick. Orange clubs formed in London. 1796 England takes the Spice Islands. Birth of Princess Charlotte. 1797 Cash payments suspended, Feb. 27. Death of Edmund Burke, July 29.: "The Anti-Jacobin." 1798 Battle of the Nile; great victory of Lord Nelson over the French fleet, Habeas Corpus Act again suspended. Sidney Smith at Acre. Great Irish rebellion; defeat of the Irish. Battle of Kilcullen, May 23. Battle of Antrim; victory of the English. 1799 Irish rebellion completely suppressed. 1800 Hatfield attempts to assassinate the King. Malta taken. Birth of Lord Macaulay; died 1859. 1801 Union of Great Britain and Ireland. Nelson's victory at Copenhagen. Habeas Corpus again suspended, April 19. Peace of Amiens, Oct. 1. 1802 Birth of Landseer, painter; died 1873. 1803 War declared against France. Mahratta India War. Emmet's insurrection in Ireland. Execution of Emmet, Sept. 20, 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Oct. 21; victory and death of Nelson. ' Birth of Lord Beaconsfield. 1806 Birth of William E. Gladstone. Deaths of William Pitt and Charles James Fox. 1807 Orders in Council against the Berlin Decree, Jan. 7. The African slave trade abolished, March 25. Death of Cardinal Henry Stuart, claimant of the English Crown. 1809 Wellesley passes the Duro. Battle of Corunna, Jan. 16. "Quarterly Review" founded. Impeachment of the Duke of York. Walcheren expedition, August. Death of Sir John Moore. Investigation into conduct of Princess Caroline. Birth of C. Darwin; died 1882. Birth of Alfred Tennyson. 1810 The King declared insane, Nov. 3. Great financial crisis. Irish agitation for repeal of the union. 1811 The Prince of Wales declared Regent, Feb. 5. > Suddite riots, Nov. The Roman Catholic Board formed by Daniel O'Connell, Dec. 26. Birth of William M. Thackeray. Died 1863. 1812 English storm Ciudad, Rodirgo and Badajos. Lord Liverpool Premier. Assassination of Mr. Percival, the Prime Minister, by Bellingham, in the House, Beginning of the second war with the United States, Jane 18. Birth of Charles Dickens; died 2I79. Birth of Robert Browning. 1814 Peace with France. Peace with the United States. Birth of Charles Reade. Treaty of Ghent, Dec. 14. 1815 France renews war with the allies. Battle of Waterloo, and final overthrow of Napoleon L., June 18. Peace with France. Insurrection in Tipperary, Ireland. Princess Charlotte marries Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg. der command of King William, of Prussia. (See Germany and France.) The king of Prussia elected Emperor of Germany. King William proclaimed Emperor of Germany and crowned at Versailles, Jan. 18. Trouble with the Roman Catholic clergy. Creation of the new peers by the government to carry its measures in parliament. Troubles with the Roman Catholic bishops. The stamp Tax. Troubles with the Roman Catholic bishops. The Old Catholic bishops given salaries by the government. Attempt to assassinate Bismarck, July 13. Conference of the Roman Catholic bishops at Fulda. Religious agitation in Prussia. Government aid withdrawn from Catholic clergy. New Constitution adbopted by the Protestant State Church. The German made the official language in Prussian Poland. Deposition of Catholic bishops in Munster and Cologne. Great inundations in Prussia. (See Germany.) 1816 Agricultural ind Weaver riots, 1817 Specie payments resumed. Habeas Corpus act again susp.-,ded, Death of Princess Charlotte, Nov, 6. Trial of Lord Howe and acquittal 1818 Birth of J. Anthony Froude. 1819 Queen Victoria boran, May 24. Peel's Currency Act. Birth of Ruskin. 1820 Death of George IIL, Jan. 29. Cato Street conspiracy discovered. Feb. 20. Trial of Queen Caroline. Birth of Herbert Spencer. Birth of George McDonald. Death of Queen Caroline, Aug. 7. Great outrages in Ireland. 1821 George IV. crowned, July 19. 1822 King George IV. visits Scotland. "Whiteboy" outrages in Ireland. Suicide of Castlereagh. 1823 First Mechanics' Institute held. Agitation about tests and corporation acts. 1824 English-Burmese war. Death of Lord Byron in Greece. 1825 The great commercial crisis. First railroad in England. Thames tunnel commenced. Birth of Wilkie Collins. 1827 Lord Canning Prime Minister. Lord Palmerston Foreign Secretary. 1828 Battle of Navarino. The allies defeat the Turkish and Egyptian fleets. 1829 Roman Catholic Relief Bill passed, April 13. Great Riots in London. 1830 Death of George IV. William IV. minounts the throne, June 26. Ministry of the Duke of Wellington. Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester railway. 1831 The new London bridge opened. The reform bill rejected by the Lords, Oct. 7. Riots in Bristol, Oct. 29. Earl Grey's 'ministry. 1832 Passage of the English Reform Bill, June 1. Death of Sir Walter Scott, Sept. 2. Passage of the Irish Reform Bill, Aug. 7. 1834 Slavery ceases in the colonies. Trades union and repeal riots. Lord Melbourne's ministry. 1835 ' Corporation Reform Act passed, Sept. 9. Sir Walter Peel Prime Minister. 1837 Death of William IV. Victoria succeeds to the throne, June 20. Hanover separated from Great Britain. 1838 Queen Victoria crowned, June 28. Irish Poor Law bill passed, July 31. Viscount Melbourne's ministry. 1839 England at war with China. Assassination of Lord Northbury in Ireland. 1840 Penny postage inaugurated. The Queen marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg, Feb. 10. Oxford's assault on the Queen, June 10. 1841 Birth of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales; Nov. 10. Ministry of Sir Robert Peel. 1842 John Francis attempts to kill the Queen, May 20; a second attempt by Bean, June 3. Income tax established, Aug. Peace with China, Dec. 1843 'Queen Victoria visits France. 1844 The Emperor of Russia and King of the French visit England. Trial of O'Donnell, at Dublin, for sedition, his conviction, fine and imprisonment, and subsequent release from prison, Sept. 1845 Sir Robert Peel's new tariff. Great famine in Ireland. Puseyite or Tractarian controversy. Anti-corn law agitation. Great railroad speculations. 1846 Repeal of the corn laws, June 26. Great commercial panic. Food riots in Tipperary. Russell forms new ministry. 1847 Death of O'Connell, May 15. $50,000,000 expended by the government for relief of Irish sufferers. 1848 Chartist demonstrations in London. Irish rebellion, headed by Smith, O'Brien, Meagher, and others, suppressed, and the leaders condemned to death, Oct. 9. Cholera in Ireland. 1849 Sentence of Irish insurgents commuted to transportation..* Irish Encumbered Estates Act passed. Cholera reappears in England. The Queen visits Ireland. 1850 Death of Sir Robert Peel, and the Duke of Cambridge. Pate assaults the Queen. 1851 The first "Great Exhibition" opened, May 1. First gold arrives from Australia, 1852 Death of Wellington, Sept. 14. Great riots-in Belfast. Aberdeen becomes Prime Minister. 1853 English and French fleets enter the Bosphorus, Oct. 22. Protocol between England, Austria, France and Prussia signed, Dec. 5. 1854 Alliance between England, France, and Turkey, March 12. War declared against Russia, March 28. Crystal Palace opened by the Queen, June 10. Treaty with the United States, regarding fishery claims. 1855 Resignation of the Aberdeen ministry, Jan. 2. SLord Palmerston appointed Prime Minister. Visit of the Emberor and Empress of France to England. The Queen and Prince Albert visit France. 1856 Peace with Russia proclaimed, April 19. War with China (q. v.) England at war with Persia. Herat taken by Persians, Oct. 25. English take Bushire, Dec. 10. 1857 Beginning of the Indian mutiny (see India). Great commercial panic; it is relieved by the susrension of the Bank Charter Act of 1844. Persian war closed by treaty of Teheran. Herat restored. 1858 Marriage of the Princess Royal to Princet Frederick William of Prussia, Jan. 25. Derby-Disraeli ministry formed, Feb. 26. Jewish disabilities removed, July.23. The Conspiracy and Volunteer bills passed. The India Bill passed, Aug. 2. The government of the East India Company ceases, Sept. 1. 1859 England declares her neutrality in the Austro-Italian war. Derby ministry defeated on the reform bill. Organization of volunteer forces. Palmerston-R ussell ministry formed June 18. Lord Palmerston resigns and returns. Lord Stanley Secretary for India. 1860 Commercial treaty with France. Peace effected with China, Oct. 24. The Prince of Wales visits the United States and Canada. 1861 Death of the Duchess of Kent, the Queen's mother. Complications with the United States over the seizure of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, from a British mail steamer by the U. S. steamer "Sar Jacinto," Nov. 8. They are released by the U. S. government, Dec. 28. Death of Albert the Prince Consort, Dec. 14. The Queen proclaims neutr'alty in American war. 1780 1792 PRUSSIA. Death of Frederick the Great, Aug. 17. War with France in consequence of the French revolution. Battle of Valmy, Sept. 20. Decisive defeat of the Prussian arm; of invasion. A, uopynignt. Edo, Dy UtO. A. ugie ~ ISO. Copyright. i,05;P by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. / Y 1 -

Page  XIX x. i __SUPPLEMENT-XIX. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. i 1862 Great distress in the cotton manufacturing districts in consequence of the civil war in America. Confederate "Alabama" sails from England. Second international exhibition, May 1. Marriage of Princess Alice to Louis of Hesse, July 1. Prince Alfred declines the throne of Greece, Oct. 23. Serious riots in Ireland. 1863 Continued distress in cotton districts. Marriage of the Prince of Wales to Princess Alexandra, of Denmark, March 10. 1864 Birth of a son to the Prince of Wales. Visit of Garibaldi. The lonian Islands ceded to Greece. Powers as to Confederate privateers discussed. European Conference, at London, on the Schleswig-Holstein question. 2865 Cattle plague in England and Ireland. Fenian troubles in Ireland; arrest of James Stephens, "Head Center," Nov. 11; escape of Stephens, Nov. 24. Russell-Gladstone ministry. Death of Richard Cobden, April 2. Death of Lord Palmerston, Oct. 18. Important commercial treaty with Austria, Dec. 16. 186o Defeat of Lord Russell's reform bill, June 18. Resignation of Russell ministry, June 26. Derby forms his third cabinet, July 6. Cattle plague continues, causing great loss. Princess Helena marries Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, July 5. Atlantic cable pronounced a success. Habeas Corpus suspended in Ireland. Fenian invasion of Canada. 1867 New reform act passed. War with Abyssinia begins, caused by imprisonment of British subjects. Sir Robert Napier commands expedition. Fenian outbreaks in Ireland. Disraeli's reform bill. The Dominion of Canada formed. 1868 Derby ministry resigns, Feb. 25. Disraeli forms new ministry, Feb. 25. Gladstone's bill for Disestablishment of Irish Church passes the House, April 30. Scotch and Irish reform acts passed, July 13. Dissolution of Parliament, Dec. 10. Resignation of Disraeli ministry. Gladstone forms new ministry, Dec. 9. Successful termination of the Abyssinian war. The suicide of Theodore, King of Abyssinia, April 13. 1869 Convention on "Alabama Claims" signed; it is rejected by the United States. Earl Spencer appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Irish Church bill receives the royal assent, July 26. Death of the Earl of Derby, Oct. 23. 1870 Measures adopted for the spread of primary education. Land bill of Ireland receives royal assent, July 8. Education bill. Neutrality in France. Prussian war proclaimed, July 19. Neutrality of Belgium guaranteed, Aug. 11. Resignation of John Bright, Dec. 20. Death of the Earl of Clarendon, June 26. 1871 Princess Louise marries the Marquis of Lorne, March 20. Black Sea Conference, March 13. Treaty with the United States regarding Alabama claims, May 8. The Irish Church Disestablishment bill goes into effect. Meeting of the Alabama Claims Commission at Geneva. University tests abolished; army purchase abolished. The Ballot Act passed. Serious illness of the Prince of Wales. Scott centenary at Edinburgh. Great riots in Dublin. 1872 Supplemental treaty with the United States concerning Alabama claims, Feb. 3. A national thanksgiving for recovery of the Prince of Wales, Feb. 27. O'Connor threatens the Queen, Feb. 29. Settlement of the Alabama claims, Sept. 14. Scotch educational bill. Commercial treaty with France, Nov. 5. Serious riots in Belfast. 1873 Abolition of tests in the Irish Universi ties. Payment of the Geneva award. Death of Lord Lytton, Jan. 18. Defeat of the Dublin University bill. Resignation of the Gladstone ministry, March 13; ministry resumes office, March 17. The Shah of Persia visits England. Passage of the Judicature bill, Aug. 5. War with the Ashantees; Sir Garnet Wolseley placed in command. 1874 Irish educational bill fails. Marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh to Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, Jan, 23. Celebrated Tichborne trial, Feb. 28. Defeat of Ashantees, Jan. 31, and treaty of peace signed, Feb. 13. Disraeli becomes Prime Minister. 1875 Reopening of the Eastern question. The Prince of Wales visits India. France passes the English Channel Tunnel bill. 1876 Great revival under Moody and Sankey. England purchases the Suez canal. O'Connell centenary in Ireland. Queen of England proclaimed Empress of India, March 1. Bulgarian atrocities produce intense excitement in England. Defeat of "Home Rule" for Ireland. Disraeli raised to the peerage as the Earl of Beaconsfield. England takes part in the Eastern quostion. 1877 Great Britain expresses her disapproval of the Russo-Turkish war, but decides to remain neutral. Duke of Marlborough made Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Rejection of Gladstone's resolutions in regard to Turkey. 1878 Russian advance on Constantinople produces great excitement in England. Several changes in the ministry. Earl of Leitrim shot in Ireland. Beaconsfield and Salisbury represent England in the Berlin Conference. Great commercial depression in England. British Afghanistan war. General Roberts' victory at Piewas Pass, Dec. 2. Jellalabad occupied by the British, Dec. 20. 1879 Yakoob Khan recognized as Ameer of Afghan, May 9; retirement of British troops; treaty of peace signed, May 30; British residents at Cabul massacred, Sept. 3; Gen. Roberts reaches Cabul, Sept. 28; abdication of Yakoob Khan, Oct. 19; British defeat Afghans at Sherpur, Dec. 23. Zulu, South Africa, war; British troops enter Zululand, Jan. 12; massacre of Isandula, Jan. 22. Victory at Kambula, March 29; Prince Louis Napoleon, son of Emperor Napoleon III., killed by Zulus, June 1; Sir Garnet Wolseley takes command, June 23; battle of Ulundi, total defeat of the Zulu king, Cetewayo, July 4; capture of Cetewayo, Aug. 28. Great distress and famine in Ireland. Parnell visits the United States in behalf of the Land League. Anti-rent agitation in Ireland. S1880 Continued fighting in Afghan; Shere All made Governor of Candahar; Yakoob Khan attacks Candahar and repulses Gen. Burrows, July 27; sortie from Candahar fails, Aug. -16; Gen. Roberts relieves Candahar, Aug. 31; defeats Yakoob Khan, Sept. 1. Resignation of the Beaconsfield Ministry, April 22; Gladstone forms a new ministry, April 29. Compensation for Disturbance Bill rejected. Lord Montmorris shot, Sept. 25. "Boycotting" practiced. Arrest of Parnell, Healy and others on charge of conspiracy to prevent payment of rent. 1881 Duke of Argyle resigns from cabinet, April 8. Death of Lord Beaconsfield. Lord Salisbury the Conservative Leader. Bradlaugh excluded from House of Commons. Coercion Act for Ireland passed, March 21. Irish Land Bill passed, Aug. 16. Yakoob Khan routs the Ameer and enters Candahar. Parnell arrested under Coercion Act, Oct. 13. Land League declared illegal, Oct. 20. SYakoob Khan defeated by the Ameer, Sept. 22. Agrarian outrages in Ireland. 1882 Attempt on the Queen's life by McLean, March 2. State trial of McLean, who is adjudged insane. Prince Leopold married to Princess Helena of Waldeck, April 27. Earl Spencer appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Lord Frederick Cavendish appointed Chief Secretary of Ireland. Lord Cavendish and Mr. Burke, Under Secretary, assassinated, in Dublin, May 6. Otto Trevelyan succeeds Lord Cavendish. The Repression of Crime bill passed, July 11. John Bright resigns, July 15, as a member of Gladstone's Cabinet, owing to Egyptian policy. The "Cloture" bill passed, permitting closing of debate by majority vote. Fiftieth anniversary of Gladstone's entry into public life, Dec. 13. Prayers offered in the Mosques of Cairo for the Queen, Dec. 13. Fire in Hampton Court Palace, Dec. 14. Arrears of Rent bill passed. Married woman's property assessed. Anglo-Turkish Military Convention informally signed, Sept. 6. War in Egypt (q. v.) 1883 The assassins of Mr. Burke and Lord Cavendish identified, Feb. 10. Opening of the Royal College of Music, May 1. The Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General of Canada. New Parcel Post first in operation, Aug. 1. Annexation of territory on African west coast proclaimed, Aug. 23. Surrender of Cetewayo to the British residents, Oct. 6. Sir J. H. Glover appointed Governor of Newfoundland, Dec. 19. 1884 New Patents Act goes into -operation, Jan. 1. Departure of Gen. Gordon for Egypt, Jan. 18. The Queen visits Darmstadt, April 16. Death of Prince Leopold, Duke 6f Albany, March 28, aged 29. Monster reform demonstration in London, July 21. Jubilee of the abolition of slavery celebrated in London, Aug. 1. Serious anti-Salvation riots, at Worthing, Aug. 17. Earl of Dufferin appointed to the ViceRoyalty of India, Sept. 10. Greenwich adopted as the universal prime meridian, Oct. 13. Portuguese fire upon the British ship Tyburnia, at Madeira. Dec. 3. Anti-Mormon riot in Sheffield, Dec. 7. Attempt to blow up London Bridge, Dec. 13. Lord Rea appointed Governor of Bombay, Dec. 13. 1885 Attempt to blow up the House of Commons, Westminster Hall and Tower of London, Jan. 24. The fall of Khartoum, and death of Gor--- --don, Jan. 26. Opening of the Mersey tunnel, Feb. 13. The reserve forces and militia forces. called out, March 26. The revised Bible published, May 18. Princess Beatrice. marries Prince Henry, of Battenburg, July 23. Death of Sir Moses Montefiore, aged 101, July 28. 1885 Grant memorial services at Westminster, Aug. 4. 1886 Parnell's land bill defeated, Sept. 21. 1887 Queen's Jubilee inaugurated, June 21. Irish Crimes Bill passed, July 8. Irish National League proclaimed, Aug. 19. 1888 First White Chapel murder, April 2. U. S. Fishery Commission treaty signed. 1889 Marriage of Princess Louise of Wales, July 27. 1890 Rejection of overtures from the Pope, Aug. 11. Split in the Irish Parliamentary Party, Dec. 6. 1891 Newfoundland fishery dispute, MarchMay. U. S. World's Fair invitation adccepted, May. 1893 Battleship "Victoria" sunk by the "Camperdown," off the Syrian coast, 400 men perished. The Dnke of York married Princess Mary of Teck, July 6. Manchester Ship Canal opened, Dec. 7. 1895 Defeat of the Liberal party and fall of the Rosebery Cabinet; is succeeded by the Earl of Salisbury and a new Radical Cabinet. 1899 Beginning of Botr War in So. Africa, Oct. 11. 1901 Queen Victoria Died, Jan. 22. King Edward VII. ascends throne. 1902 Boer War, in South Africa, ended in May. 1905 Post Office began to receive messages for wireless transmission to ships at sea, Jan. 1. AUSTRALIA. 1770 Captain Cook, Sir Joseph Banks and others land at Botany Bay and name the country New South Wales, April 28.. 1773 Explorations of Furneaux. 1774 Capt. Cook explores Australia and New Zealand. 1777 Capt. Cook makes a third voyage of'.exploration.. 1788 First landing of English convicts at Port Jackson. Phillips, first Governor, founds Sydney, with 1,039 persons, Jan. 26. 1789-'92 Voyage of Bligh. 1790 Distress, owing to the loss of the storeship "Guardian." 1793 First house for Public Worship erected. 1795 First publication of Government Gazette. 1798 Bass' Straits discovered, by Bass and Flinders. 1800-'05 Explorations and surveys of the coast of Australia, by Grant and Flinders. 1802 First brick church built. 1803 Van Dieman's Land, now Tasmania, established; first settlement made at Port Philip. 1804 Insurrection of Irish convicts repressed. 1808 Gov. Bligh deposed for tyranny and sent home; succeeded by Mac Quarrie. 1817-'23 Explorations into the interior of Australia, by Wentworth, Lawson, Bloxand, Oxley and others. 1816 Settlement of King George's Sound formed. 1828 South Australia explored by Stuart. 1829 West Australia made a province; a Legislative Council established and Capt. Sterling appointed LieutenantGovernor. 1830 Stuart further explores South Australia. Fifty ships, with 2,000 emigrants, arrive in Western Australia. 1831 East Australia explored by Sir T. Mitchell. 1834 Boundaries of the province of South Australia fixed. 1835 First Roman Catholic bishop arrives. Port Phillip, now Victoria, colonized. 1136 South Australia a province. Arrival of first Church of England Bishop. Adelaide founded. Eyre's expedition overland from Adelaide to King George's Sound. Melbourne founded. 1838 Explorations of Capt. Gray in northwest Australia. 1839 New South Wales and Tasmania explored by Count Stizelecki. Alleged discovery of gold in Bathurst kept secret by Gov. Gipps. Suspension of transportation. 1840 Eyre explores West Australia. Stizelecki explores the Australian Alps. 1841 Census, 87,200 males; 43,700 females. 1842 Incorporation of the City of Sydney. PDiscovery of the Burra-Burra copper - mines, in South Australia. 1844-'48 Explorations of Leichhardt, Stuart, Mitchell, Gregory and Kennedy. 1846 Fitzroy made Governor-General. Census, 114,700 males; 74,800 females. 1847 Bishopric of Adelaide founded. 1848 Leichhardt starts on second exploration; party never heard of again. Kennedy killed by natives. Gregory explores the interior. 1849 Great agitation against transportation. 1850 Port Philip erected into the province of Victoria. 1851 Gold discovered, near Bathurst, by Edward Hargreaves; intense excitement in the provinces; great rush to the gold regions. 1854 Sir William Dennison appointed Governor-General. 1855 Gregory's expedition into the interior. 1858-162 J. McDonald Stuart's expeditions. Death of Archdeacon Cowper, after nearly fifty years' residence, aged 80. 1859 Province of Queensland established, Dec. 4. 1860 Burke and Willis and two others cross the continent, starting from Melbourne Aug. 20; all perish on the return, next year, except John King. Sir John Young, Governor of New South Wales. 1861 Stuart and M'Kinlay cross from sea to sea. 1863 Recovery of the remains of Burke and Willis. 1864 General resistance throughout the provinces against transportation. 1865 Death of Morgan, a desperate bushranger and murderer. Cessation of transportation to Australia in three years announced. Settlement of boundary between New South Wales and Victoria, April 19. 1866 Population of Australia, natives "excluded, 1,298,667. 1867 Capt. Cadell explores South Australia; discovers mouth of river Roper. Meeting of Convention from Colonies at Melbourne, to arrange postal communication with Europe. 1871 Delegates from the Colonies meet to protest against imperial interference with their mutual fiscal arrangements, Sept. 27. 1872 Telegraphic communication with England. Synod of the Church of Australia and Tasmania held at Sydney, Oct. 25. 1876 Willshire explores Daly and Victoria rivers. 1879 International Exhibition at Sydney opened Sept. 17. 1880 Melbourne Exhibition opened Oct. 1. Tahiti annexed to France. The Queensland government authorizes the construction of the trans-continental railway, to bring the colonies within thirty days of England. 1881 Railroad completed from Sydney to Murray River, connecting with Melbourne. Inter-colonial conference at Sydney to consider federal action. Majority vote in favor of a tariff commission and the establishment of an Australian Court of Appeal. 1882 Terrible mining accident at Creswick Talbot, -Victoria, Dec. 14. 1883 Confederation of the colonies and annexation of Papua, New Guinea. Opening of the New University of South Wales and Monmouthehire, Oct. 24. 1885 New South Wales contingent leaves Sydney for the Soudan, March 3. 1890 Fire in Sydney causing a loss of $7,500,000, Oct. 2. 1891 Federation Convention draft a Constitution for the Commonwealth of Australia, April 3. 1893 Serious floods in Queensland, property and life lost. 1195 Great panic in the money market; many banks and business houses fail. 1812 Americans carry Queenstown Heights. Death of General Brock. 1813 Americans defeated at Frenchtown. Capture of Toronto, April 27, and Fort George, May 27, by the Americans. Defeat of the British at Sacketts Harbor, May 29. Victory of Americans at Stony Creek, June 6. Indecisive battle of Williamsburg, Nov. 7. Commodore Perry's victory on Lake Erie. Capture of English squadron. Defeat of Proctor at the Thames, and death of Tecumseh. 1814 United States troops successful at battle S of Longwood, Miarch 4. Defeat of the British at Chippewa, July 25. Battle of Lundy's Lane. Naval battle on Lake Champlain. Treaty of Ghent closes the war. 1816 Sir George Sherbroke becomes Governor of Lower Canada. 1817 Political agitation in Upper Canada. Career of Robert Gourlay. 1818 Duke of Richmond appointed Governor of Lower Canada. 1822 Antagonism between the French and English inhabitants of Lower Canada. 1824 Welland Canal incorporated. First agitation against the Orangemen. 1825 Agitation in Upper Canada on the alien bill. 1826 Mackenzie's printing office destroyed by a mob. 1828 Petition against misuse of revenues. 1829 First agitation for a responsible government in Upper Canada. 1830 Lord Aylmer becomes Governor of Lower Canada. 1832 Imperial duties surrendered to the Canadian Assembly. 1835 The Pupinean party aim at a total separation from Great Britain. 1836 First Canadian railway opened. House of Assembly refuse supplies. 1837 Coercive measure of the British Parliament. House of Assembly of Lower Canada refuses to transact business. "Sons of Liberty" rise in Montreal. Commercial crisis in Canada and the United States. Troops withdrawn from Upper Canada. Rebellion in Upper Canada begins. Attempt the capture of Toronto, Dec. 4. Totally defeated by St. Eustace, Dec. 14. Rebels receive aid from sympathizers in the United States. Affair of the "Caroline." 1838 Sir John Colborne appointed Governor, Jan. 16. Affairs of the "Anne" and the "Sir Robert Peel." End of the rebellion in Upper Canada. Resignation of Sir Francis Head, who is succeeded by Lord Durham. 1839 Union of Upper and Lower Canada. Lord Sydenham appointed Governor. 1840 Settlement of the clergy reserves question. Responsible government established. Death of Lord Sydenham. Charles P. Thompson Governor. 1843 Sir Charles Metcalf appointed Governor. 1844 Government removed from Kingston to Montreal. 1845 Great fire in Quebec. 1847 Earl Cathcart Governor. Lord Elgin Governor-General, October. Agitation over the Rebellion Losses bill. 1848 Continued agitation over the Rebellion Losses bill. 1849 Annexation to the United States advocated by the opposition. Great riots in Montreal. Destruction of Parliament House, April 26. Attack. on Lord Elgin. Pubsidence of the agitation. 1850 Reciprocity with United States urged. 1851 Construction of new railways. Cheaper postage rates introduced. 1852 Great fire at Montreal. Government removed to Quebec. 1853 Clergy reserves abolished by English Parliament, May 9. 1854 Close of Lord Elgin's administration. Prosperous condition of Canada. Treaty with the United States, June 7. 1855 Sir Edmund W. Head Governor-General. 1856 Sir John A. Macdonald, the AttorneyGeneral, becomes leader of the Conservatives. Opening of railway from Quebec to Toronto, Nov. 12. The first railway accident in Canada. Quebec made the seat of government. 1867 Stringency in the money market caused by the mutiny in India. 1858 Ottawa, formerly Bytown, made the seat of the provincial government by Queen Victoria; the opposition defeat this scheme. 1860 Visit of the Prince of Wales to Canada. 1861 Great fire in Quebec, June 7. Commeheement of the civil war in the United States; fears of hostilities with that nation. Lord Monck made Governor-General, Nov. 28. British troops sent to Canada on account of "Trent" affair. Resignation of ministry; Macdonald forms a new cabinet. 1862 Death of Sir Allan M'Nab. 1864 Delegates assemble at Quebec to discuss confederation of American colonies, Oct. 10. Confederate refugees make a raid from Canada on St. Albans, Vt., Oct. 19; Canadians arrest them upon their return, followed by their discharge, Dec. 14; General Dix proclaims reprisals; order rescinded by President Lincoln. 1865 Parliament agrees to a confederation. Great fire at Quebec. Canada Parliament vote ~50,000 for defense of the Dominion, March 23. Canada consents to union of the provinces, April 1. 1866 First Parliament of the Dominion meets at Ottawa, June 7. Discovery of gold in Hastings County, November. Termination of the Reciprocity Treaty with the United States. Fenian invasion threatened. Fenians, under O'Neill, cross into Canada; Canadian volunteers drive them back and disperse them. Habeas Corpus suspended. Mr. Gait's new tariff. 1867 Formation of the Dominion of Canada by the confederation of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, March 29. Lord Monck appointed Viceroy, July 2. Canadian Railway Loan act passed, April 12. 1868 Sir John Young becomes Governor-General, Nov. 27. 1869 Hudson Bay territories purchased for ~300,000. 1870 Second Fenian raid repelled by militia; the leader, O'Neill, captured by United States troops. Manitoba, formerly Rupert's Land, formed and becomes a part of the Dominion of Canada. Prince Alfred visits Canada. 1871 British Columbia joins the Dominion of Canada. Discussion of the Fisheries question. 1872 Prince Edward's Island becomes a part of the Dominion of Canada. Earl of Dufferin becomes Governor-General. 1873 Macdonald's ministry charged with corruption, and forced to resign; new ministry formed by Mackenzie. 1875 Rejection of Reciprocity Treaty by United States. 1876 Destruction of St. Hyacinthe by fire, Sept. 3. % 1877 United States and Canada Fishery Commission, at Halifax, award Canada $5,500,000. 1878 'm-e Marquis of Lorne, son-in-law of Queen Victoria, appointed Viceroy, Oct. 14. Fortune Bay outrages. United States pay Fishery award, Nov. 21. Arrival of Marquis of Lorne and Princess Louise, Nov. 25. 1879 Industrial Exposition at Ottawa. 1880 Earl of Salisbury refuses compensation for Fortune Bay affair; Lord Granvilles grants it. 1881 $75,000 award for Fortune Bay outrages. Bill to construct railroad from Halifax to Buzzard Inlet passed, June 31. Patents issued to Canadian Pacific Railway Company, Feb. 16. 1883 The Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General, May 21. Sir John Hawley Glover appointed Governor of Newfoundland. 1884 Meeting of the British Association, at Montreal, Aug. 27. Dynamite explosions at Quebec, Oct. 11. 1885 Opening conflict at Fish Creek with the half-breed and Indian rebels, under Louis Riel, April 24. Capture, near Batoche, of Louis Riel. 1886 Opening of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Resolution -against the Coercion Bill passed April 26. 1888 Newfoundland refuses to join Canada, April. Lord Stanley made Governor, June 11. 1889 Weldon Extradition Bill passed, April 26. 1890 Toronto University burned, Feb. 14. 1891 Government party sustained at general election, March 6. General census taken April 5. 1893 Earl of Aberdeen appointed GovernorGeneral, May 11. 1895 School war in Manitoba. UNITED STATES, 1765 First Medical College established in Philadelphia. The Stamp Act passed, in England, March 22. Virginia resolutions against right of taxation, May 29. A congress of the colonies proposed by Massachusetts, June 26. Congress of 27 delegates meet at New York and publish a declaration of the rights and rules against the Stamp Act, Oct. 7. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Delaware and Maryland unite in resisting Stamp Act, November. 1766 Dr. Franklin visits England, and 'is examined before the House of Commons, in February. Stamp Act repealed, March 18. Stage route between Providence and Boston established. Philip Embury and Captain Webb first introduce Methodism in America. 1767 An obnoxious tax imposed on paper, glass, tea and painters' colors imported by the colonies. Colonies adopt a non-importation agreemont. Mason and Dixon, sent out by the heirs of Win. Penn and Lord Baltimore, run a line to define the boundaries of their possessions. It afterwards became the acknowledged line between the free and slave states. 1768 Meeting of a convention of delegates called by Massachusetts, at Fanuel Hall, Boston. A military force stationed in Boston by the British government under General Gates. 1769 The Governor of Virginia dissolves the House of Burgess. " The assembly of North Carolina dissolved by the Governor. Goods sent to Boston from Great Britain refused and sent back. First paper mill erected at Milton. 1770 Boston massacre, March 5; British soldiers kill three and wound four citizens. Repeal of the duties on tea. 1771 Insurrection in North Carolina against the government officers by regulators; rebellion suppressed, May 16, by Governor Tryon and six regulators hanged. 1772 The British man-of-war Gaspee burned in Narragansett Bay by Americans from Providence. 1773 First American Methodist Conference, consisting of ten ministers, all of foreign birth. Blind Asylum established at Williamsburgh, Va., the first in America. The cargoes of the tea-ships in Boston thrown into the harbor by masked men, Dec. 16. 1774 Boston Port Bill deprives Boston of its port rights, March 25. Meeting of the First Continental or Second Colonial Congress, at Philadelphia, Sept. 5. Congress issues a Declaration of Rights, Nov. 4. 1775 Commencement of the Revolutionary War. Battle of Lexington, April 19; British retreat. Perpetual Union of the Colonies formed, May 20. General Washington Commander-inChief of the Continental forces, June 15. Americans under Ethan Allen take Ticonderoga, May 10. Generals Howe, Clinton and Burgoyne arrive from England. Defeat of the Americans at Bunker Hill after stubborn resistance, June 17. Washington assumes command at Cambridge, July 3. Continental Fast Day, July 20. Falmouth burned by the British, Oct. 17. Generals Montgomery and Arnold invade Canada; capture of St. John, Nov. 3; of Montreal, Nov. 12. Repulse of Arnold at Quebec, Nov. 14; second and joint assault defeated and Montgomery killed, Dec. 31. 1776 Destruction of Norfolk by the British, Jan. 1. Boston evacuated by the British in consequence of the Americans having taken possession of Dorchester Heights, which commanded the harbor, March 17. Washington arrives at New York, April 14. Declaration of Independence, July 4. Commissioners sent by Congress to solicit a treaty with the French.Battle of Flatbush, or Brooklyn, on Long Island; Howe (loss 400) defeats the American generals, Putnam and Sullivan (loss 2,000), Aug. 27. New York evacuated by the Americans and occupied by the British, Sept. 15. Battle of White Plains; Howe (loss 300 or 400) defeats Washington (loss 300 or 400), Oct. 28. Battle of Lake Champlain; capture of the American fleet, Oct. 11-13. Fort Washington capitulates, Nov. 16. English occupy Rhode Island. Washington retreats beyond the Delaware, Nov. 28. Congress adjourns to Baltimore, Dec. 12 1767 1768 1774 1775 1776 1784 1791 1792 1794 1803 1812 CANADA. English Stamp Act accepted by Canadian SProvinces. Sir Guy Carleton Governor. Great fire in Montreal. Roman Catholic citizens of Canada confirmed in their political rights and property. Legislative council of 23 members appointed. Commencement of the American War of Independence. Invasion of Canada by the Americans, under Montgomery and B. Arnold. Fort St. John taken 'by Montgomery, Nov. 3. Montreal captured, Nov. 12. Arnold's attack on Quebec repulsed, Nov. 14. Arnold and Montgomery attack Quebec, December 31. Failure of attack and death of Montgomery. The Americans retreat from Canada, June 18. Settlement of Upper Canada. Canada is given a constitution, and is divided into upper and lower provinces. First House of Assembly opened. Toronto made the capital of Upper Canada. Slavery abolished in Canada. Second war between the United States and Great Britain. Capture of Detroit by the British, Aug. 15. Surrender of General Wordsworth, Oct. 14. 4 Van Rensselear capitulates, Nov. 27. a s k;U.j^ I- if9 L. ~iOvi), U-.Y ý-TtV. --I- V^SIge wk, i-;V.

Page  XX e' I. SUPPLEMENT XX. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. i 1W7 Battle ot Trenton; Washington (loss 9) defeats Rahl and his Hessians (loss 1,000), Dec. 26. 1777 Battle of Princeton; Washington (loss S100) defeats Mawhood (loss 400). Battle of Bennington, Vt.; Stark (loss 100) defeats Baum and Bremen (loss 600). Battle of Brandywine; Howe (loss 500) defeats Washington (loss 1,000), Sept 11. Arrival of Lafayette, who is made a Major-General in Continental Army. Philadelphia occupied by the British, Sept. 27. Battle of Germantown; Howe (loss 600) defeats Washington (loss 1,200), Oct. I 3-4. Second battle, near Stillwater; Gen. Gates (loss 350) defeats Burgoyne (loss 600), Oct. 7. Surrender of Burgoyne, at Saratoga, with 5,752 men, to Gates, Oct. 17. Articles of Confederation adopted by Congress, Nov. 15. American independence recognized by France, Dec. 16. 1778 Treaty with France concluded, Feb. 6. Philadelphia evacuated, by the British,. June 18. Battle of Monmouth; Washington (loss 230) defeats Clinton (loss 400), June 26. Massacre of Wyoming Valley, July 3. Count d'Estaing, with twelve ships of the line, six frigates, and French troops, arrives. Battle on Rhode Island; Sullivan (loss 211) defeats Pigot (loss 260), Aug. 29. Americans retreat from Rhode Island, Aug. 30. Savannah seized by the British, Dec. 29. Repulse of Americans at Briar Creek, March 3. 1779 New Haven plundered by the British, July 5. Fairfield and Green Farms, in Connecticut, taken by the British, July 7. Stony Point taken by the Americans, July 16. Charleston, S. C., surrendered to the British, May 12. Battle of Camden, S. C.; Cornwallis (loss 325) defeats General Gates (loss 730), Aug. 16. Benedict Arnold betrays and deserts his country. Major Andre captured, Sept. 23, and hung as a spy, Oct. 2. 1781 Battle of Cowpens; American General Morgan (loss 72) defeats Tarleton (loss 800), Jan. 17. Assembling of Congress, March 2, articles of Confederation having been ratified by all the States. Defeat of General Greene by Cornwallis, at Guilford. Battle of Eutaw Springs; General Greene (loss 555) defeats Stewart (loss 1,100), Sept. 8. The traitor, Arnold, burns New London, Sept. 6. Surrender of Lord Cornwallis, at Yorktown, with 7,073 men, to Washington, Oct. 19. 1782 Independence of the United States acknowledged by Holland, April 19. 1783 Independence acknowledged by Sweden, Denmark, Spain and Prussia. Armistice with Great Britain, Jan. 20. Peace with Great Britain, at Treaty of Paris, Sept. 23. New York evacuated, Nov. 25. Resignation of General Washington, Dec. 23. 1784 Treaty of peace ratified by Congress, Jan. 4. 1785 John Adams sent to England as first Ambassador from the United States. 1786 Cotton introduced into Georgia. Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts. Delegates assemble at Annapolis, and recommend a Convention to revise articles of Confederation. 1787 Meeting of Convention at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding. Constitution of the United States adopted, Sept. 17. 1788 Constitution ratified by all the States except Rhode Island and North Carolina. Emancipation of slaves by the Quakers of Philadelphia. 1789 First Congress meets at New York. George Washington elected first President of the United States. North Carolina ratifies the Constitution. 1790 Death of Benjamin Franklin, April 17. Rhode Island ratifies the Constitution. Hamilton's financial schemes proposed. 1791 Bank of the United States established, at Philadelphia. Vermont admitted sit the fourteenth State. Indians defeat St. Clair. 1792 Kentucky admitted as the fifteenth State. The Columbia river discovered by Captain Grey. Washington City chosen as the capital of the republic. 1793 Invention of the cotton gin by Whitney, resulting in the revolutionizing of the culture of cotton. Trouble with the French Ambassador, Genet. 1794 Washington's second term as President begins. Whisky rebellion in Pennsylvania. France recalls Genet. Jay's treaty with Great Britain. 1795 Congress ratifies Jay's treaty. 1796 Tennessee admitted as the sixteenth State. Resignation of George Washington. 1797 John Adams inaugurated as President. Treaty with France annulled. 1798 War with France threatened. 1799 Death of Washington, at Mt. Vernon, Dec. 14. 1800 The Government removed from Philadelphia to Washington. Treaty signed with France. General Bankruptcy Law passed. 1801 Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as President. New York Evening Post established. War with Tripoli commenced, June 10. Death of Benedict Arnold, June 14. U02 Ohio admitted as the seventeenth State. Port of New Orleans closed by Spain, and American vessds forbidden to pass down Mississippi river. 1803 Louisiana purchased from the French; $15,000,000 paid. Pianos first manufactured at Boston. 1804 Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel, July 11. Frigate "President" destroyed at Tripoli by Decatur, Feb. 4. Fort Dearborn, present site of Chicago, built. Lewis & Clark's expedition starts across the plains. 1805 Treaty of peace with Tripoli, Jan. 4. Ice first becomes an article of commerce. Seizure cf armed American vessels by England. Lewis and Clark arrive at mouth of the Columbia river. 1806 American commerce affected by blockade of French and English coasts. MIT British vessels ordered to leave United States waters. Trouble with England rpecting the rights of neutrals. Attack on the American ship "Chesapeake," by the British ship, "Leopard," June 22. Embargo on American -i.ps declared, Dec. 22. Acquittal of Aaron Burr on charge of conspiracy. 1807 The first coast survey ordered by Congress, Importation of slaves forbidden by Congress. Eli Terry manufactures first wooden clocks. Fulton's first successful steamboat. 1808 Abolition of the slave trade, Jan. 1. France orders the seizure and confiscation of American vessels. First printing office west of the Mississippi, established at St. Louis. First Bible Society founded, in Philade)phia. 1809 First woolen mills started, in New York. Embargo repealed, March 1. James Madison President. Intercourse between France and England forbidden. 1810 132 confiscated American vessels sold by Napoleon. First manufacture of steel pens begun. First agricultural fair, held at Georgetown. Porcelain clay discovered in Vermont. Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated. 1811 Engagement between U. S. frigate "President," and British sloop, "Little Belt." Depredations on American vessels by France and England. Stevens devises plan for plating vessels. First manufacture of screws by machinery. Battle of Tippecanoe; Gen. Harrison defeats Tecumseh, Nov. 7. Reparation made by the British for the attack on the "Chesapeake." Great earthquake at New Madrid, Mo. Astor's fur company establishes post of Astoria. Breech loading rifles invented. 1812 Embargo laid for ninety days. Louisiana admitted into the Union. Congress levies a tax of $3,000,000. Additional force of 35,000 men authorized. Detachment- of militia, not exceeding 100,000 men, authorized. War declared against Great Britain, June 12. British orders in council revoked, June 23. Van Homrne defeated, Aug. 5. Defeat of Miller, Aug. 8. Gen. Hull invades Canada, July 12; surrenders Mackinaw, July 17. Hull surrenders Detroit with 2,500 men, Aug. 16. The "Alert," a British ship of war, captured by the "Essex," Aug. 13. The "Guerriere," a British frigate, captured by the "Constitution" ("Old Ironsides"), Capt. Hull, Aug. 19. Gen. Harrison takes command of the Northwestern army. Queenstown attacked, unsuccessfully, by the Americans, Oct. 13. The "Frolic," a British ship, captured by the U. S. sloop of war "Wasp." Both vessels afterwards taken by the "Poictiers," a British 74. The "Macedonian," a British frigate, captured by the "United States," Commodore Decatur, Oct. 25. The "Java," a British frigate captured by the "Constitution," Capt. Bainbridge, Dec. 29. 1813 At the River Raisin, the British and Indians surprise and defeat Winchester. Most of the Americans were massacred by the Indians, who were left unprotected by Gen. Proctor, July 13. The "Peacock," a British ship, captured.by the "Hornet," Feb. 23. The inauguration of James Madison as President, March 4. The Creek Indians subdued by Gen. Jackson. The American coast blockaded by lhe British. Duel between Gen. Jackson and Col. Benton. York (now Toronto) in Upper Canada, taken by the Americans, under Gen. Pike, who was killed, April 27. The "Chesapeake" frigate taken by the British frigate "Shannon," June 1. First rolling mill at Pittsburgh. Stereotyping first introduced into America. Death of Capt. Lawrence, of the "Chesapeake." Battle of Fort George, May 27. British attack on Sackett's Harbor repulsed, May 28. Forts Meigs and Stephenson attacked by the British and Indians. The U. S. brig "Argus" taken by the British sloop "Pelican," Aug. 14. The British brig "Boxer" captured by the U. S. brig "Enterprise," Sept. 4. The British fleet, 63 guns, on Lake Erie, captured by the American fleet, 56 guns, under Commodore Perry, Sept, 10. Massacre of Fort Mimms, Ala., by the Indians, Aug. 30. Battle of Williamsburg, Nov. 11. Burning of Newark, Canada, Nov. 12. Buffalo burned by the British, Dec. 13. The British capture Fort Niagara, Dec. 29. Niagara frontier ravaged by the British, Dec. 30. Gen. Harrison, after having crossed into Canada, defeats and disperses the British army under Gen. Proctor, near the River Thames; death of Tecumseh, Oct. 5. 1814 The frigate "Essex" captured, at Valparaiso, by two British vessels. Battle of Horse Shoe Bend, March 20. The "Epervier," a British vessel, captured by the "Peacock," April 29. Oswego bombarded and taken by the British, May 6. The "Reindeer," a British vessel, captured, by the "Wasp," June 25. Fort Erie captured by the Americans under Gen. Brown, July 3. Battle of Chippewa. Brown defeats Drummond, July 5. Battle of Bridgewater, Lundy's Lane. Brown and Scott defeat Drummond and Rial, July 25. The British bombard Stonington, Conn., Aug. 9. Battle of Fort Erie, Aug. 15. Battle of Bladensburg. British General, Ross, defeats Winder, Aug. 24. British enter Washington, and burn the public buildings. Alexandria taken by the British, Aug. 29. The "Avon," a British vessel, captured by the "Wasp," Sept. 1. Attack on Fort Bower (now Morgan) Ala., Sept. 5. The British fleet on Lake Champlain, 95 guns, Commodore Downie, captured by the American fleet, of 86 guns, Commodore MacDonough, and their army defeated at Plattsburg, by Gen. Macomb, Sept. 11. British expelled from Pensacola. by Jackson, Nov. 7. Battle on Lake Borgue, La., Dec. 14. Battle below New Orleans, Dec. 22. Jethro Wood patents his own plow. Perkins makes first steel plates for eagraving. Massacre at Fort Dearbern, (Chicago) by Indians. Attack on Baltimore. Bombardment of Fort McHenry. British defeated, and Gen. Ross killed, Sept. 14. Treaty of peace with Great Britain signed, at Ghent, Dec. 24. 1815 Battle of New Orleans. Defeat of the British, with the loss of their leader, Gen. Packenham, by Gen. Jackson, Jan. 8. Capture -of the frigate "President" by the British squadron, Jan. 15. Treaty of Ghent ratified by the Senate, Feb. 17. "Constitution" captures the "Cyane" and "Levant," Feb. 20. War declared with Algiers. The "Penguin" captured by the "Hornet,'" March 23. Commodore Decatur sent against Algiers. Decatur captures Algerine frigate, June 17. Hunt first manufactures axes. Terrific gale and flood in New England, Sept, 23. 1816 Indiana admitted as a State. Second United States bank chartered. Steam first applied to paper making. Election of James Monroe, President. Mrs. Emma Willard opens her girls' school at Troy. This was known as the year without a summer. 1817 Illinois admitted into the U,)n. Pensions granted revolutionary soldiers. Jackson subdues Indians.n Georgia and.Alabama. Erie Canal commenced., Mississippi admitted into the Union. Harper Bros. publishing house founded. Clymer invents Columbian printing press. New England Deaf and Dumb Asylum founded. 1818 Foundation of the new Capitol laid, at Washington, Aug. 24. Pensacola, Fla., captured from the Snanish. by Jackson. 1819 The "Savannah," the first steam packet that crosses the Atlantic, makes a voyage to Liverpool. The first permanent Lodge of Odd Fellows founded, in Baltimore, April 26. Alabama admitted into the Union, Dec. 14. 1820 Passage of the Missouri Compromise. Florida ceded to the United States by Spain for $5,000,000. Maine admitted into the Union, March 15. Heated discussion in Cbngress on the slavery question. Percussion caps for guns first introduced. Re-election of James Monroe as President. Petroleum first discovered in Ohio. Macadamized roads first introduced. Death of Daniel Boone. 1821 Missouri admitted into the Union, Aug. 10. Jackson takes possession of Florida, July 21. Burnett first introduces lithography. Straw hats first made from American straw. 1822 The United States acknowledge the independence of.the South American Rbpublics. First English firm in California opens house at Monterey. Death of Maj.-Gen. Stark. First cotton mill built in Lowell. Elliott makes first platform scales. War with the Cuban pirates. *Gas first successfully introduced in Boston. 1823 The Monroe doctrine, June 18. First gas company in New York. First teachers' seminary opened in Concord, Vt. 1824 The principles of Robert Owen preached. Pins first made by machinery. First reformatory school founded in New York. Act passed to protect and encourage cotton manufactures. Convention with Great Britain to sup-.press slave trade, March 13. Convention with Russia in relation to northwest boundary, April 5. Arrival of Lefayette on a visit to the U S. Wlection of John Quincy Adams as President. 1825 The Capitol at Washington completed. First edge tool manufactory established. Smith, a trapper, performs the first overland journey to California, and found Folsom. Departure of Lafayette for France, Sept. 7. 1826 Deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. Convention with Great Britain concerning indemnities. Fiftieth anniversary os American Independence, July 4. Great anti-mason excitement. Abduction of William Morgan. Baron Von Humboldt visits the United States. Opening of the Erie Canal, Oct. 26. Duel between Henry Clay and John Randolph. Delano's first fire-proof safes. 1827 Treaty with Creek Indians concluded. Treaty with the Kansas Indians, and the great and little Osages. Treaty with the Republic of Colombia. Continued intense excitement over the "Morgan affair". First railroad built at Quincy, Massachusetts, and operated by horse power. 1828 Passage of the Protective Tariff Bill. Sandpaper and emery first made. First locomotive introduced from England, by the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. Baltimore and Ohio railroad commenced. Congress makes provision for officers of the revolutionary war. Democrat and Republican first chosen by their respective political parties. General Jackson elected President. Treaty of Peace wvith Brazil and Buenos Ayres. Planing mill first patented. 1829 Andrew Jackson, President, opposes the project to recharter the Bank of the United States. Independence of Mexico recognized. Webster's great speech in Congress, Jan. 26. Virginia passes resolution against Tariff bill. First Asylum for the Blind established. First Horticultural Society formed. Removal of 700 officeholders by Jackson. 1830 Commercial treaty with Turkey. South Carolina asserts "States Rights". The Mormon church founded by Joseph Smith, April 6. Building of the South Carolina railroad. American Institute of Learning founded. Great debate between Webster and Hayne. 1831 Intense Tariff and Free trade excitement. Garrison starts the "Liberator" antislavery paper. Death of James Monroe, July 4. Manning mowing machines patented. Guthrie discovers chloroform. Howe invents first practical pin machine. Buttons first made by machinery. Western College of Teachers established. IM President Jackson vetoes the Bank Bill. New protective tariff measure passed. South Carolina nullification movement. U. S. frigate "Potomac," attacks Qualla Batoo, Feb. 6. First case of asiatic cholera In U. S. June 21. Black Hawk war, and his capture, Aug. 27. University of New York organized, Sept. 26. Re-election of Andrew Jackson as President. Death of Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of Declaration of Independence. 1832 Morse invents electric magnet telegraph. Cholera in New York, 3,400 deaths. Fairbank's Scale first patented. 1833 The President removes the public deposits from the Bank of the United States. President Jackson begins his second term, March 4. The Southern States hold a states-right Convention. Clay's Compromise Tariff law passed, Gayler invents first practical safe. Death of John Randolph, May 24. Removal of several Indian tribes west of the Mississippi. Hoe's double-cylinder printing-press constructed. First successful reaper patented. Ericsson invents the caloric engine. 1834 Congress passes a vote of censure against the President for removing bank deposits; subsequently expunged. Lucifer matches first made. Walter Hunt invents first sewing machine, but fails to perfect and patent. Dr. Howe invents raised alphabet for use of the blind. 1835 Great fire in New York. Congress establishes branch mints in Georgia, North Carolina, and Louisiana. Government purchase Cherokee bonds for $5,200,000. New York Herald established by Bennett. Death of Chief Justice Marshall, July 6. Roger Brooks Taney, appointed Chief Justice. Seminole Indian war renewed. Gas first introduced into Philadelphia. Brown makes first gold pens with diamond points. Guano becomes an article of commerce in the U. S. Massacre of Maj. Dade and his command in Florida. 1836 The national debt virtually paid. Arkansas admitted into the Union. Battle of San Jacinto, Texas; Santa Anna defeated and a prisoner, April 21. Bequest of James Smithson to the U. S. of $515,169. Smithsonian Institute at Washington founded. Death of James Madison, June 28. Governor Call, of Georgia, invades Seminole country. Sam Houston elected President of Texas, Oct. 22. Martin Van Buren elected President. Burning of the Patent and General Postoffice at Washington. Texas declared independent. Sam Colt invents the revolver. First National Temperance Convention held at Saratoga. Adams' great debate for the right of petition. SDeath of Aaron Burr. Sioux and Winnebago Indians removed beyond the Mississippi. Scott subdues the Creek Indians. 1837 Great financial crash and panic throughout the country. Harnden originates the express business. Michigan admitted into the Union. 1838 First zinc produced in the country. Wilkes' exploring expedition to the South Pole. United States Bank suspends specie pay-.ment, Oct. 5. Mormon war in Missouri. 1840 Intense political excitement. The Log Cabin campaign. Election of William Henry Harrison as President. Goodyear ipvents vulcanized rubber. The first steam fire engine constructed by Ericsson. Sub-Treasury bill becomes a law, June 30. First Washingtonian Society founded. Adams' Ekpress Company organized. Wilkes discovers Antarctic continent. 1841 William H. Harrison inaugurated, March 4, dies April 4; John Tyler, Vice-President, inaugurated President, April 6. McLeod difficulty. Webster's (Noah) Dictionary first published. Sub-Treasury bill repealed, Aug. 9. Bankruptcy Act becomes a law, Aug. 18. 1s Imprisonment for debts due the government abolished. Greeley establishes the New York Tribune. 1842 Kingford produces the first sample of pure corn starch. Mutiny on United States brig of war "Somers" instigated by Midshipman Spencer.. The Fourier community excitement. Fremont's expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Ashburton or first Washington Treaty signed, with England, Aug. 9. Bunker Hill monument completed. Termination of war with Seminoles. Lucifer matches first made by machinery. President vetoes bill for National Bank. Dorr rebellion in Rhode Island. Bankrupt Act repealed, March 3. Death of Dr. Channing, Oct. 2. 1843 William Miller and the "Mitlerites." $30,000 voted by Congress to aid Morse to establish telegraph lines. Fremont expiores Columbia River, Willamet Valley, and Klamath Lake. Great comet visible during the day. Death of Noah Webster. Wilder's patent for fire-proof safe. 1844 Explosion of the gun, the "peace-maker," killing the Secretaries of Navy and State. Commercial treaty with China. First telegraph line from Washington to Baltimore. First anti-slavery candidate nominated for the presidency. The "Midas," first American steamboat, rounds Cape of Good Hope. James K. Polk elected President. Mormon war in Illinois, murder of Joseph Smith; Brigham Young selected as his successor. Copper discovered in Michigan. Texas asks for annexation. First telegraph line. 1845 Texas annexed by Act of Congress, Mexico takes offense. Florida and Iowa admitted into the Union. War declared by Mexico, June 4. Naval school at Annapolis opened, Elias Howe produces his first sewing machine. Great fire in Pittsburgh. Serious fire in New York, 300 buildings burned. Death of Justice Joseph Story. First manufacture of files. Zachary Taylor, with 4,000 troops, advahced to Corpus Christi, Texas. Negotiations toward purchase of San Domingo. Death of Andrew Jackson, dune 8. Free Soil party originatedL 1846 Northwestern boundary fixed at 498. Hostilities begin in Mexico. Battles of Palo Alto, May 8, and Resaca de la Palma, May 9; victory of Gen. Taylor. Matamoras taken, May 1lb. New Tariff bill passed, July 28. President vetoes River Harbor bill, Aug. 3. "Wilson Proviso" against extension of slavery passes the House. Gun-cotton invented. Great fire in Louisville. Ether first used as an anesthetic by Dr. Jackson. 1846 Gen. Kearney takes possession of New Mexico, Aug. 18. Commodore Stockton blockades Mexican ports on Pacific coast. Monterey taken by Gen. Taylor, Sept. 24. Eight days' armistice granted. California expedition, under Stephenson, sails from New York, Sept. 26. Tobasco, Mexico, bombarded by Perry, Oct. 25. Tampico taken by Gen. Conner, Nov. 14. Kearney defeats Mexicans at San Pasqual, Dec. 6. Col. Doniphan defeats Mexicans at Brazito, Dec. 25. Gen. Taylor relieved by Gen. Scott. The Mormons driven from Nauvoo, Ill. Iowa admitted as a State. 1847 Kearney victorious at San Gabriel and Mesa, Cal., Jan. 8, 9. Mexican Congress resolves to raise loan of $15,000,000 on property of the clergy, Jan. 8. Revolt of Mexicans in New Mexico against United States, Jan. 14. Defeat of insurgents at Canada, New Mexico, Jan. 24. Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 23; Taylor defeats Santa Anna. Battle of Sacramento; defeat of Mexicans, Feb. 28. Gen. Kearney declares California a part of the United States, March 1. Vera Cruz taken by army and navy, March 28. Alvarado capitulates, April 2. Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 8: Scott defeats Mexicans; also at Contreras, Aug. 20. Molino del Rey taken, Sept. 8. Gen. Scott enters the city of Mexico, Sept. 15. 1848 Death of John Quincy Adams, Feb. 21. Gold discovered in California, March. Oneida Community, New York, established. Wisconsin admitted into the Union, May 29. Missouri Compromise repealed. Election of Zachary Taylor as President. Corner stone of Washington Monument laid. Oregon Territorial bill passed, Aug. 13. First receipt of California gold at United States mint, Dec. 8. Treaty signed with Mexico, Feb. 2. Upper California ceded to United States. Mexicans unsuccessfully besiege Pueblo, held by Americans, Sept. 13 to Oct. 12. Huamantia taken by Americans, Oct. 9. SGuyannes captured, Oct. 20. Great excitement at Rochester, N. Y., caused by "Spirit rappings." Food sent to starving Ireland. Los Angeles, Cal., taken by Kearney, and a system of government organized. 1848 Great fire in St. Louis. Prof. Webster murders Dr. Parkman, Nov. 23. United States gold dollar first coined. California adopts a constitution prohib iting slavery. Death of James K. Polk. June 15. 1849 Filibustering expeditions against Cu forbidden by the President. Visit of Father Mathew, the tempers *c. advocate. Capt. Minie invents the Minie coni: bullet. Mason and Dixon's line surveyed. Cholera visits the United States,evere at Cincinnati and St. Louis California Constitution formad at Monterey. Great riot at Astor Place Opera House, New York. 1850 Treaty with England for a transit way across "Panama. French Ambassador dismissed from Washington. Death of John C. Calhoun, M orch 31. Congress passes,the Oregon Donation Law. Uncle Tom's Cabin first published. Watches first made by machinery. Fugitive Slave Law passed. Death of Zachary Taylor, July 9. Grinnell Arctic Expedition sails. California admitted as a Free State, Sept 9. New Mexico and Utah organized as territories, Sept. 9. Visit of Jenny Lind to America, nept. 12. Dahlgren invents the cast-iron gun. 1.851 Appearance of the great sea serpent. Completion of Erie railroad. Corner-stone of Capitol extension laid, July 4. First Asylum for Idiots established in New York. California Vigilance Committee formed. American yacht victorious at regatta in London, Eng. Frightful catastrophe at public school building, New York. Congressional Library destroyed by fire, Dec. 24. 1852 Dispute with Ingland about the fisheries. Expedition to Japan, under Comn. Perry. First street-railway in New York. Deaths of Henry Clay, June 26, and Daniel Webster, Oct. 24. Treaty of Commierce with Chili. Branch mint established in San Francisco. Franklin Pierce elected President. 1853 Crystal Palace, New York, opened. Treaty with Mexico, for purchase of Arizona. Treaty with Russia. Explorations for a transcontinental railway. Yellow fever in New York. Children's Aid Society, New York, founded. Walker's filibustering expedition to Sonora, Mexico. 1854 Commercial Treaty with Japan signed, March 31. American, or Know-Nothing Society formed. Loss of the steamship Arctic. Cubans seize American mail-steamer Black Warrior, Feb. 28. First railway from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi, the Rock Island. American ship "Cayne" bombards Greytown, Central America, on refusal to pay for property destroyed, June 12. Invention of the Iron Tower for ironclad vessels, by Ericsson. Reciprocity Treaty with England; settlement of the Fishery question, Aug. 2. Bill passed organizing Kansas and Nebraska as Territories, repealing the Compromise of 1820, which excluded slavery from the entire Louisiana purchase, May 24. Massachusetts Aid Society sena out settlers to Kansas. A. H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania, appointed Governor of Kansas. 1855 Territorial Legislature of Kansas meets at Shawnee, July; great emigration to Kansas. Free State men meet in convention at Topeka and form a Free State constitution, Oct. 23. Hostilities between the Free and Slave State settlers begin. Sioux Indians defeated by Gen. Harney. Paraguayans attack United States steamer, "Water-Witch." Completion of Niagara Suspension Bridge. Court Claims established. William Walker unsuccessfully invay. Nicaragua. Dispute with Great Britain concerning recruiting for the Crimea army. '-UjJy5i515L, ~AA&~, U,5 imo..ti... a.'~ic Os '-u yDaLi'uuy VuTCoU a... ulgkw e z. uo

Page  XXI pn ASUPPLEMENT XXI. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 1855 British' discovery ship "Resolute" abandoned in Arctic sea, brought to New London. 1856 Hoosac Tunnel begun. Victory of John Brown at Ossawatomie, Kan. Republican party formed. Alden invents type-setting machine. Rock Island bridge, across the Mississippi, opened, April 11. Affray at Panama between passengers and natives, April 15. Page makes first wood type by machinery. President declares creation of free state government in Kansas an act of rebellion. Brooks' assault upon Charles Sumner. Dismissal of British envoy at Washington, May 28. Introduction of sorghum, or Chinese sugar-cane. Dudley observatory, Albany, inaugurated, Aug. 28. The government purchases the "Resolute," refitted and presented to British Government. Loom for weaving Axminster carpets first patented. Election of James Buchanan as President. 1857 Organization of the Fenian Brotherhood. Settlement of the Central American question. Death of Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer, Feb. 16. Robert J. Walker appointed Territorial Governor of Kansas. Taney renders Dred Scott decision; March 6. First attempt to lay Atlantic cable. Alden secures patent for condensed milk. Great financial crash, New York, Boston and Philadelphia banks suspend, Oct. 14, 15. Banks resume specie payments, Dec. 12, 14. Murder of Dr. Burdell; arrest and trial of Mrs. Cunningham, his mistress. Foundering of the "Central America" off Cape Hatteras; over 400 lives and $2,000,000 lost. Great religious revival throughout the country. Troubles with the Mormons in Utah; Col. Johnson, with a military force, sent out; Brigham Young forbids any armed force entering Salt Lake City; Mormon troops ordered to hold themselves in readiness; martial law decleared, Sept. 15. 1858 Dispute with England respecting the right of search. Completion -of the first Atlantic telegraph, Aug. Death of Thomas H. Benton, April 15. Congress passes bill admitting Kansas under pro-slavery-, constitution, Aug. 30. Exciting campaign of Lincoln and Douglas in Illinois. Minnesota admitted as a State, May 18. Seward announces his "irrepressible conflict" doctrine. Kansas rejects the pro-slavery constitution by overwhelming majority, Aug. 3. First message across the Atlantic cable, from Victoria to the President, Aug. 16. Peruvians capture two American vessels. Burning of steamship "Austria," Hamburg to New York; nearly 500 lives lost. 1859 The Island of San Juan, near Vancouver's Island, occupied by United States troops. The Fenian organization perfected. Treaty with Paraguay signed, Feb. 10. Oregon admitted at a State, Feb. 14. Drake bores first oil well at Titusville, Pa. Great storm in the Northern and Southern States. Daniel E. Sickles shoots Philip Barton Key, Feb. 27. Kansas Free State party frame a State constitution at Wyandotte. Vicksburg Convention declares in favor of reopening slave trade, May 11. Publication of Worcester's Unabridged Dictionary. San Juan Island occupied by General Harney, July 9. Appearance of the potato bug. Election of Republican officers in Kansas, Dec. 6. Comstock Great Bonanza Mine purchased for an Indian pony and a quantity of whisky. Treaty with Mexico signed. Grand Embassy from Japan, with treaty of peace, etc. Tour of the Prince of Wales. Hall's expedition to the Polar Sea. Arrival at New York of the Great Eastern, June 28. 1860 Election of Mr. Pennington as Speaker of the House. Abraham Lincoln elected President, Nov. 6. South Carolina passes the "Ordinance of Secession," being the first State of the Union to secede, Dec. 20. Meeting of Senatorial Committee of Thirteen, Dec. 21. Major Anderson transfers his command from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. The Parrott Gun invented by Robert R. Parrott. 1861 Mississippi secedes, Jan. 9. Florida secedes, Jan. 10. Alabama secedes, Jan. 11. South Carolina troops fire upon the "Star of the West." Georgia.secedes, Jan. 18. Louisiana secedes, Jan. 26. Texas secedes, Feb. 1. Peace Convention assembled at Washington, Feb. 4. Provisional Government of Confederate States meet at Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 4th. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, President, Feb. 8. Abraham Lincol-n inaugurated President of United States, March 4. Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, bombarded-being commencement.of hostilities in the Civil War, April 12. Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers, April 15. Proclamation announcing blockade of Southern ports, April 17. Federal troops attacked in Baltimore, April 19. Destruction of stores at Norfolk Navy Yard by Union Commander, April 20. Maryland refuses to secede, April 27. Ellsworth shot at Alexandria by Jackson, May. Missouri turns over to Confederates entire control of financial and military resources of the State, May 2. Government call for 42,000 three years' volunteers, May 3. Arkansas secedes from the Union, May 6. Capt. Lyon receives surrender of Fort Jackson, May 10. Baltimore occupied by General Butler,, May 13. North Carolina secedes from the Union, May 20. Butler in command at Foctress Monroe, May 22. Advance of Union forces into Virginia, May 24. Death of Stephen A. Douglas, June 3. Tennessee secedes from the Union, June 8, East Tennessee opposing it. Battle of Big Bethel, Va., June 10. Congress meets in extraordinary session, July 4. Battle near Carthage, Mo., July 5. 8.-____-_____ 1861 Privateer "Sumter" escapes to sea, from New Orleans. July 7. Battle of Carrick's Ford, W. Va.; Confederate General Garnett killed. Battle at Romney, Va., June 11. West Virginia admitted as a State, June 11. Battle at Rich Mountain; Confederates, under Pegram, defeated by Rosecrans, July 11. Battle near Centreville, Va., July 18. Destruction of the Confederate "Petrel" by frigate "St. Lawrence." Maryland invaded by Stonewall Jackson, July. Battle of Bull Run; Union forces, under McDowell, defeated; Union killed and wounded, 1,490; Confederates, 1,593 killed and wounded, July 21. Gen. McClellan assumes command of army in Virginia and on the Potomac. Battle of Laurel Hill, July 22. Battle of Drug Spring, Mo., under General Lyon; Southern forces defeated. Battle of Athens, Mo., under Gen. Lyon; Confederates defeated, Aug. 5. Battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo.; 5,200 men, under Gens. Lyon and Sigel, attack 24,000, under Gens. McCulloch, Price, etc.; Lyon killed; defeat of Sigel, Aug. 10. President Lincoln's non-intercourse proclamation, Aug. 16. Gen. Butler and Commodore Stringham take Forts Hatteras and Clark on North Carolina coast, Aug. 28. Fort Morgan abandoned by Confederates, Aug. 30. Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves in Missouri, Aug. 31. Battle of Carnifex Ferry, Gens. Rosecrans and Floyd, SePt. 10. Destruction of privateer "Judah," Sept. 13. Repulse of Confederates at Cheat Mountain, W. Va. Battle of Lexington, Mo.; Col. Mulligan defends for four days against 26,000 Confederates, but is forced to surrender; loss, 2,500 prisoners, and a large amount of gold. Battle of Greenbrier, Va.; success of Union forces, Oct. 3. Confederate "SaVannah" captured by U. S. brig "Perry." Wilson Zouaves repulsed at Santa Rosa Island, Oct. 9. Confederate privateer "Nashville" escapes from Charleston, S. C., Oct. 11. Repulse of Confederate ram and five ships at South West Pass, Oct. 12. Escape of Mason and Slidell from Charleston. Battle of Fredericktown, Mo.; flight of Jeff Thompson, Oct. 21. Recapture of Lexington, Mo., by Union troops. Gen. Sherman appointed to the command of Kentucky forces. Battle of Ball's Bluff; Col. Baker killed, Oct. 21. Zagonyi defeats Confederates at Springfield, Mo., Oct. 29. Gen. Scott resigns command of army. Gen. McClellan succeeds him. Soldiers' Aid Society formed at Detroit, Nov. 1. Commodore Wilkes, of "San Jacinto," takes Southern Commissioners, Mason and Slidell, from British steamer "Trent," in West Indian waters. Port Royal bombarded, Nov. 7. Battle of Belmont; Grant's first fight. Capture of Tybee Island, commanding Savannah, taken Dec. 20. Charleston Harbor shut by sinking stone fleet, Dec. 21. Gatling gun invented by J. Gatling, Death of Sam Houston, Oct. 8. Kentucky admitted into Confederate States, Dec. 9. Battle of Martinsburg, Va.; Gen. Pope, Union, captures 1,300 prisoners, Dec. 18. 1862 Indian massacre in Minnesota. Battle of Blue Gap, Va., Jan. 8. Death of John Tyler, Jan. 8. "Ericsson" Monitor launched at Greenpoint, Jan. 30. Edwin M. Stanton, of Pennsylvania, becomes Secretary of War, Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania, retiring Jan. 13. Battle of Mill Springs, Ky.; Zollicoffer defeated by Union troops, under Gen. George H. Thomas, Jan. 19. Fort Henry, on Tennessee River, captured by naval forces, under Commodore A. H. Foote, -Feb. 6. Roanoke Island, N. C., captured by Gen. Burnside and Commodore Goldsbor ough, Feb. 8. Fort Donelson, Tenn., surrendered to Gen. Grant, Feb. 16. Confederate Congress meets at Richmond, Va., Feb. 18. Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of Southern Confederacy,, for six years, Feb. 22. Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark.; Gen. McCulloch killed March 8. Confederate ram,."Merrimac" sinks "Cumberland" and "Congress," U. S. naval vessels in Hampton Roads, Virginia, March 8. "Monitor," U. S. iron-clad, attacks and drives "Merrimac" back, March 9. Manassas Junction evacuated and occupied by Union forces, March 10. Battle of Winchester, Va.; Union loss, 115 killed, 450 wounded; Confederate loss, 869 killed, wounded, and missing, March 13. Battle of Newbern, N. C., March 14. Battle at Pittsburg Landing; Grant, Union commander; Gen. A. Sidney Johnston killed; Union loss, April 6 and 7, 13,573; Confederate loss, 10,699. Capture of Island No. 10, by Union forces, April 8. Raid of Gen. Mitchell; capture of Huntsville, Ala., and Russellville, Tenn. Fort Pulaski, Ga., surrendered after three days' bombardment, to Union forces, under Gen. Gilmore, April 11. Slavery- abolished in District of Columbia; April 16. Bombardment of Fort Pillow, by Commodore Foote, April 17. Union fleet, under Farragut, passes up the Mississippi river and takes New Orleans, passing Forts Jackson and Philip, April 24. Gen. Butler in command, at New Orleans, May 1. Yorktown evacuated, May 4. Surrender of New Orleans to Commodore Farragut. Battle of Williamsburg, Va., May 5. Battle of West Point, May 7. Norfolk surrendered to Gen. Wool, May 10. Destruction of the "Merrimac," by the Confederates, May 11. Matchez, Miss., surrenders to Commodore Farragut, May 13. Gen. Banks defeated at Winchester, May 25. Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia, May 29. Corinth evacuated, May 30. Little Rock captured, May 31. Battle of Fair Oaks; Union loss, heavy; renewal of battle of Fair Oaks, success of Unionists. Unionists lose Brashear City, June 13. Slavery abolished by all the Territories, June 19. Forts Pillow and Randolph evacuated, June 4. Surrender of Memphis, June 6. Repulse of Confederates, at Springfield, Mo., June 8. Seven days' fight before Richmond, un der McClellan, June 26; Mechanicsville, June 26; Gaines' Mills, June 27; Savage Station and Peach Orchard, June 28; White Oak Swamp, June 30; Malvern Hill, July 1; change of base to James river. President Lincoln calls for 300,000 volunteers, July 1. Murfreesborough captured by Forrest, July 5. Raid of Morgan in Kentucky, July 7, Surrender of Port Hudson, July 8. Death of Martin Van Buren, July 24. Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 9; Union forces under Banks, lose 1,500 killed, wounded, and missing; Confederates, under "Stonewall" Jackson. Raid of Phillips into Mississippi, Aug. 16. Battle of Sulphur Springs, Va., Aug. 24. Fighting on Rappahannock under Pope, Confederates under Ewell and Jackson, Aug. 27. Gen. Bragg invades Tennessee and Kentucky. Battle of Kettle Run, Va., Aug. 27. Battle of Groveton, Va., Aug. 29. Defeat of Union forces at Richmond, Ky., Aug. 29. Surrender of Memphis, Aug. 29. Second Battle of Bull Run; defeat of Federals, Aug. 30. Battle of Chantilly, Va.; Union Generals Kearney and Stevens killed, Sept. 1. Confederates cross Potomac into Maryland, at Poolsville, Md., Sept. 1. Battle of South Mountain, Md.; Union victory; Gen. Jesse L. Reno killed. Harper's Ferry surrendered, after three days' fighting by General Miles, Sept. 15. Battle of Antietam between Gen. McClellan and Gen. Lee. Retreat of the Confederates, Sept. 17. Battle of luka, Miss., between Gen. Rosecrans and Gen. Price, Sept. 19. Reoccupation of Harper's Ferry by Federals, Sept. 22. President Lincoln issues preliminary Proclamation of Emancipation, Sept. 22. Battle of Corinth, Miss., between Gens. Rosecrans and Price, defeat of the latter, Oct. 3, 4. Battle of Perryville, Ky., between Gens. Buell and Bragg; charge of Phil. Sheridan wins the day, Oct.ý 8. Raid of Confederates under Stuart into Pennsylvania; Chambersburg seized and looted, Oct. 10-12. Union Gen. 0. M. Mitchel, astronomer, died at. Beaufort, S. C., Oct. 30. La Grange, Tenn., occupied by Gen. Grant with Union forces. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. Union forces under Gen. Burnside defeated. Union losses, 13,771. Battle of Kingston, N. C. Confederates defeated, Dec. 14. Murphy surrenders Holly Springs to General Van Dorn, Dec. 20. Jefferson Davis issues a proclamation outlawing Ben. Butler, Dec. 23. Porter's fleet open fire upon Vicksburg, Dec. 26. Sherman's unsuccessful attack upon Vicksburg, Dec. 27, 28. Iron-clad "Monitor" founders at sea, off Cape Hatteras. West Virginia admitted as a State of the Union, Dec. 31. 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro; Rosecrans defeats Bragg, Jan. 1. Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln goes into effect, liberating all slaves in Soutnern States. Death of Lyman Beecher, D. D., aged 87, Jan. 10. U. S. steamer "Hatteras" sunk by Southern privateer "Alabama".off Texas, Jan. 11. Capture of Arkansas Post by Gen. McClernand, Jan. 11. Confederate ram "Atlanta" captured off Savannah, Ga., by Union monitor "Weehawken," Jan. 17. First U. S. colored regiment enrolled in South Carolina, Jan. 25. Act to provide a national currency becomes a law, Feb. 25. Farragut runs batteries at Grand Gulf, April 1. Coin. Porter successfully runs the batteries at Vicksburg, April 16. Port Gibson and Grand Gulf, on Mississippi river, taken by U. S. Grant, May 1. Col. Grierson's raid through Mississippi arrives at Baton Rouge, May 2. Arrest of C. L. Valandigham. Severe fighting between Union forces, under Hooker, and Confederates, under Lee, about Chancellorsville, Va.; Confederate Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson killed; Hooker defeated, May 2, 3, 4. Battle of Jackson, Miss.; captured by Gen. Grant, May 14. Battle of Baker's Creek; Pemberton routed by Grant, May 16. Battle of Black River Bridge; retreat of Pemberton to Vicksburg, May 17. Vicksburg besieged by Grant, May 21. Colored troops first brought into action at Port Hudson, May 27. Battle at Milliken's Bend, June 6, 7. Retreat of Milroy from Winchester, June 14. Invasion of Pennsylvania by Lee's entire army, June 15-25. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa;; Gen. Lee defeated by Union forces, under Gen. Meade, July 2, 3. Morgan begins his raid through Indiana and Ohio, July 3. Vicksburg surrendered by Gen. Pemberton to Union forces,.under Grant, July 4. Port Hudson surrendered to Gen. Banks, and Natchez occupied by Gen. GrantMississippi river being thus opened to navigation, July 8. Anti-draft riots in New York; 2,000 rioters killed, July 13, 14, 15. Riot in Boston, July 15. Gen. Burnside occupies Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 3. Confederates evacuate Fort Wagner, Sept. 6. Burnside captures Cumberland Gap, Sept. 9. Battle of Chickamauga; Union forces, under Rosecrans, fall back to Chattanooga, Sept. 19. Quantrell raids Lawrence, Kan., Aug. 21. Gen. Wheeler starts on his raid into Tennessee, destroying much Government property, Oct. 2. Hooker takes Lookout Mountain, Oct. 28. First Fenian Congress held in the United States. Gen. Meade crosses the Rappahannock, Lee retiring, Nov. 7. Longstreet begins the siege of Knoxville, Nov. 17. Battle of Missionary Ridge; success of Federals, Nov. 24. Repulse of Longstreet at Knoxville, Nov. 28, 29. Banks starts on his expedition into Texas, Nov. 29. Longstreet raises the siege of Knoxville, Dec. 5. President Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty, Dec. 8. 1864 Draft of 500,000 men ordered by President Lincoln, Feb. 1. Colt's armory, at Hartford, destroyed by fire, Feb. 8. Disaster to Union forces in Florida, under Gen. Seymour, Feb. 20. Kilpatrick's raid into Virginia. Gen. Dahlgren killed, Feb. 28. 1864 General Grant made Lieutenant-General, March 2. A Free State government inaugurated in Louisiana, March. Admiral Porter's Red River expedition, March 4. Gen. U. S. Grant appointed Commanderin-Chief of army of United States, March 12; assumes command, March 17. A call for 200,000 more men, March 15. Arkansas votes to become a Free State, March 16. Battle of Jenkins Ferry, Ark.; defeat of Kirby Smith,. April 4. New York Sanitary Commission Fair receipts over one million dollars. Union expedition to Mansfield, La., foiled, April 8; Union forces, reinforced, repulse Confederates at Pleasant Hill. Fort Pillow massacre, April 12. Weasels surrenders Plymouth, N. C., to Confederates, April 20. Severe fighting between Confederates, under Lee, and Union forces, under Grant, in Virginia, in advance on Richmond, May 3-11. Battle of Wilderness, May 5. Occupation of City Point by General Butler, May 4. Sherman begins his march toward Atlanta, May 7. Battle of Resaca, Ga., between Generals Sherman and Johnston, May 15. Failure of Butler to capture Drury's Bluff, May 16. Death of Nathaniel Hawthorne, May 19. Fighting between Lee and Grant at the North Anna, May 21-24. Battle of Dalton, Ga., May 28; Union victory. Sheridan captures Cold Harbor, May 31. Evacuation of Allatoona Pass, June 1. Battle of Cold Harbor, June 2, 3. Battle of Piedmont, Va., June 5. Hunter attacks Lynchburg; retreats into West Virginia, June 8. Army of the Potomac crosses to south side of James River, June 12-15. Assaults on Petersburg; Union forces losing 10,000 men in four days, June 16-18. Confederate privateer "Alabama" sunk by the United States steamer "Kearsarge," off Cherbourg, France, June 19. Hood attacks Hooker at Kennesaw and fails, June 22. Emancipation Amendment submitted to the States by Congress, June 22. Butler occupies Deep Bottom, ten miles below Richmond, June 22. Maryland abolishes slavery, June 24. Repulse of Thomas and McPherson at Kennesaw, June 27. Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 repealed by Congress, June 28. Early begins his raid into Maryland, July 2. Wallace defeated by Early at Frederick, Md., July 9. Rosseau's raid into Alabama, July 10. Early's entire army within six miles of Washington, July 12. Gold reaches highest premium, viz., 284 per cent, July 16. Greeley's negotiations with Confederates, at Niagara, July 18. Battle around Atlanta between forces under Huod, Confederate, and under Sherman, Union, July 22. Chambersburg, Pa., burned by General Stuart, july 30.. Explosion of a mine under Confederate works, Petersburg, July 30. Farragut captures Mobile, Aug. 3. Great naval victory, under Farragut, at Mobile, Ala., Aug. 5. Atlanta evacuated and occupied by Sherman, Aug. 31. Battle of Winchester, Va.; Sheridan captures 5,000 prisoners, 5 guns, and all the wounded, Sept. 19. Defeats of Early, by Sheridan, in Shenandoah, Sept. 19-22. Thirteenth Amendment passed, forever abolishing slavery. Pilot Knob evacuated by Unionists, Sept. 27. Death of Chief-Justice Roger Brooks Taney, Oct. 12. Overwhelming defeat of Early at Cedar Creek, Oct. 19. Raid of Confederates on St. Albans, Vt., Oct. 19. Destruction of ram "Albemarle" by a torpedo affixed to her by Lieut. Cushing, Oct. 27. President Lincoln re-elected; Andrew Johnson Vice-President, Nov. 8. Sherman commences his "March to the Sea," from Atlanta, Nov. 16. Incendiarism by Confederates in New York, Nov. 25. Battle of Franklin, Tenn., between Hood and Thomas, Nov. 30. Battle of Nashville, under Gen. Thomas. Great victory. Confederates under Hood retreat, Dec. 15, 16. Savannah, Ga., occupied by Gen. Sherman, completing the "March to the Sea," December 21. President orders a draft for 300,000 more men, Dec. 19. Butler and Porter attack Fort Fisher, N. C., and fail, Dec. 24, 25. 1865 Establishment of the Freedman's Bureau. Fort Fisher, N. C., captured by Gen. Terry and Commodore Porter, Jan. 15. Sherman leaves Savannah, and starts northward, Feb. 1. President's Conference with Confederate Commission, Feb. 3. Evacuation of Charleston. S. C., by Confederates, Feb. 17. - Its occupation by Unicn forces, Feb. 18. Re-inauguration of President Lincoln, March 4. Confederate Congress adjourns for the last time, March 18. Desperate fighting commences before Richmond. Battle of Five Forks, April 1. Gen. Grant advances upon Petersburg. April 2. Richmond and Petersburg evacuated during night of April 2. Flight of Davis from Richmond, April 2. Richmond and Petersburg occupied by Union forces, April 3. Selma, Ala., captured with large stores, April 5. Battle of Sailors' Creek; defeat of Ewell and Custis Lee, April 6. Grant demands the surrender of the Southern army, April 7. Lee surrenders to U. S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Va., April 9. Mobile evacuated by the Confederates, April 10. Montgomery, Ala., surrenders to Wilson, April 11. President issues orders to stop drafting and further purchase of war rna'terial, April 13. President Lincoln assassinated, in Washington, by Wilkes Booth, April 14. Attempted assassination of Seward, April 14. President Lincoln dies, April 15. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, VicePresident, takes oath of office as President. Macon, Ga., occupied by Union forces; great amount of army stores taken, April 20. Capture and death of Wilkes Booth, April 25. Gen. Johnston's army surrenders to Gen. Sherman, April 26. 1865 Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville, Ga., with part of his cabinet, May 10. Engagement at Boco Chico, between 500 Confederates and 400 Union troops, being the last in the "War of the Rebellion," May 12. Grand review of the army, at Washington, May 23, 24. Gen. Kirby Smith surrenders all his command, Trans-Mississippi Army, May 26. Amnesty Proclamation of President Johnson, with fourteen different exceptions, May 29. Georgia declares slavery abolished, etc., December 4. Secretary Seward officially declared slavery abolished throughout the U, S., Dec. 18. Mississippi nullified secession ordinance, Aug. Alabama declared ordinance of secession null and void, Sept. 12. South Carolina repealed the secession ordinance, Sept. 15. Florida annulled secession ordinance, Oct. 25. Proclamation opening all ports in Southern States, and ending blockade, June 23. Execution of assassination conspirators, Harold, Payne, Atzeroth, and Mrs. Surratt, July 7. Rebel Indian Chiefs sign treaty of loyalty, Sept. 14. Execution of Capt. Wirz, the Andersonville prison commandant, Nov. 10. 1866 Death of Rufus Choate, Jan. 15. Passage of the Freedman's Bureau Bill over the President's veto, Feb. 20. President's proclamation declaring the insurrection ended. Death of General Winfield Scott, May 29. Fenians invade Canada, June 1. Fourteenth Amendment passed the Senate, June 8. Successful laying of the Atlantic Cable, July 27. Massacre in New Orleans, July 30. 1867 Nebraska admitted as the thirty-seventh State. Tenure of Office bill passed, June 4.,. Confiscation and Amnesty bill passed; Jan. 4. Purchase of Alaska, for $7,200,000, March 3. Jefferson Davis admitted to bail, in the sum of $100,000, May 13. Southern States organized as military districts, Jan. 1868 Impeachment, trial, and acquittal of President Johnson. Death of Kit (Christopher) Carson, trapper and guide, May 23. Death of James Buchanan, June 1. Death of Matthew Vassar, June.23; he donates $800,000 for endowment, etc., of Vassar College. Wyoming Territory organized, July 23. Death of Thaddeus Stevens, Aug. 11. Cornell University, of Ithaca, opened, Sept. Election of Gen. Grant as President, Nov. 3. 1869 Pacific Railway completed, May 10. Death of Franklin Pierce, Jan. Nolle Prosequi ends prosecution of Jefferson Davis, Feb. 6. Fifteenth Amendment passed, Feb. 25. Supreme Court pronounces Confederate currency to be worthless. Great peace jubilee at Boston, June 15 -20. French frontier cable laid, July 27. Great Wall street panic, "Black FriSday," Sept. 24. Death of George Peabody, Nov. 4. Death of Edwin M. Stanton, Dec. 14. 1870 Ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment by the States. Death of Admiral David G. Farragut, Aug. 14. Death of Gen. R. E. Lee, Oct. 12. The Nathan murder, New York, July 28. Proclamation of neutrality in FrancoGerman war. First narrow-gauge railway built, Denver & Rio Grande. Ku-Klux bill passes Congress. 1871 Treaty of Washington with Great Britain. Great fire at Chicago; 17,450 buildongs destroyed; loss about $196,0,00,000, Oct. 8. The Yellowstone National Park bill passed. Visit of the Grand Duke Alexis to United States. The Credit Mobilier scandal. 1872 Settlement of the Alabama Claims. Congress removes the political disability of the Southern people. Re-election of President Grant. Great fire at Boston; loss about $78,000,000, Nov. 9. Death of Horace Greeley, Nov. 29. Death of Samuel F. Morse, inventor of the electric telegraph. Northwestern boundary question settled by the Emperor of Germany. Death of James Gordon Bennett, June 1. Epizootic throughout the United States. National Granges organized. Death of William H. -Seward. 1873 Wreck of the'Atlantic, 535 lives lost, April 1. Modoc massacre, death of General Canby, April 11. Colfax massacre, La., by White League, April. Death of Salmon P. Chase, Chief Justice, May 7. Beecher and Tilton scandal, Brooklyn, July. The Salary Grab Bill. Failure of Jay Cooke & Co.; great financial panic, Sept. 19. Trial and conviction of William M. Tweed, Nov. 22. Seizure of the "Virginius," and execution of a number of her passengers by the Spanish author'cies in Cuba. Surrender of the "Virginius" to the United States by Spain, Dec. 12. Death of Louis Agassiz, Dec. 14. 1874 Woman's Temperance Crusade. Visit of Kalakaua, King of Hawaii. Compromise Currency Bill signed by the President. Death of Charles Simnner, March 11. Grasshopper raid in the Northwest. Abduction of Charley Ross, July 1. A second large fire in Chicago, July 14 Presidential election; result disputes, November 7. 1875 Passage of the Act for the Resumption of Specie Payments in 1879. Colorado admitted into the Union, March 4. Centennial celebration at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill. Death of Andrew Johnson, July 31. Trial of Henry Ward Beecher for adultery. Trial of Prof. Swing for heresy, May 5. Death of John C. Breckinridge, May 17. Military rule discontinued in the Southern States. Suspension of the California Bank, and suicide of President Ralston. Death of Henry Wilson, Nov. 22; Great fire in Virginia City, Nev., Oct. 25. Foundering of steamship "Pacific," between San' Francisco and Portland, Nov. 4. Death of William B. Astor., Nov. 24. Escape of Tweed from the custody o? the Sheriff, Dec. 4. Great revivals, under Moody and Sankey. Great inundation in Texas. 'I * %vmm *r Copyright, liU5, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  XXII SUPPLEMENT XXII. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTC 1876 Opening of the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia, A-lay 10; it closes, Nov. 10. Serious difficulties between Americans and Chinese in California. Bursting of reservoir at Worcester, Mass., destroying millions of dollars worth of property, Alarch 3. Death of Alexander T. Stewart, April 10. War with Sitting Bull and the Sioux. Massacre at Hamburg, S. C., June. Massacre of Gen. Custer and his command, by the Sioux Indians, July 2. Completion of the First one Hundred Years of American Independence; great rejoicing throughout the United States, July 4. Castle Gardeu, N. Y., destroyed by fire, July 9. Younger Brothers and Northfield Bank robbery, Sept. 7. Arrest of W. M. Tweed, at Vigo, Spain, Sept. S. Yellow fever in Georgia, September. Trial of Molly Maguires, October. Dastardly attempt to rob the grave of President Lincoln, Nov. 7. Burning of the Brooklyn Theater, 276 lives lost, Dec. 5. First furnace for cremation built, at Washington, Penn., Dec. 6. The Ashtabula railroad horror, 'Dec. 29. 1877 Close of the Indian War. The Electoral Commission Bill passed by Congress, Jan. 25, 2G. Rutherford B. Hayes declared President', March 2. Blue Glass mania. Death of Cornelius Vanderbilt, June 4. Great Railroad riots, East and West, July and August..1878 Yellow fever epidemic along the Lower Mississippi., Meeting of the Alabama Claims Commission, Feb. 27. Fenlans attempt a second Invasion of Canada, May 29. Death of Robert Dale Owen, June 24. The Colorado Petrified Giant humbug. Return of Henry M. Stanley from African explorations, August. Death of Brigham Young, Aug. 29. Death of Oliver P. Morton, Nov. 1. Earthquake shocks in New England and middle States. Ku-Klux Bill passed by Congress. Death of Benjamin F. Wade, March 2. Development of the telephone and phonograph. Bankrupt Repeal Bill passed, May 10. Death of William Cullen Bryant, June 12. Indian outbreak In Washington Territory, July. Chinese Embassy visits the United States. Silver Bill passed by both Houses of Congress. Yellow fever in the South. Gold sold at par-the first time since 18G2--Dec. 17. 1879 Resumption of specie payments, Jan. 1. Death of Richard Henry Dana, Feb. 2. Great fire at Reno, Nev., March,2, New Constitution of California adopted, May 2. Death of William Lloyd Garrison, May 24. Terrible tornado in Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri, May 30. Bill to erect a monument on site of Washington's birthplace, passes both Houses, June 10. Waterspout in Black Hills causes great loss of property and life, June 12. Disastrous storms east and west, July. Great fire at Deadwood, Dak., Sept. 26. Death ot Gen. Joseph Hooker, Oct..11. Death of Zachary Chandler, Oct. 31. At the 'General Election, the Repjublican candidates secured 213 out of 369 electoral votes, Nov. 6. 1881 Electoral College vote counted, Feb. 9. Three per cent. funding bill passed, March 2. Steamer Corwin sails for the Arctic regions iii search of 4the Jeannette, March 4. Revised New Testament issued, May 20. Star route frauds exposed, May 26. The great comets of 1881 first seen, June 20. Sitting Bull, Chief Df the Sioux, sur-. renders, July 31. James A. Garfield inaugurated, March 4. Contest between Garfield and Senator Conkling (N. Y.) about New York Collectorship, May. Commercial treaty with China signed, May 5. Great Britain pays. 915,000 award for damage done to American fisheries in Fortune Bay affair. Assassination of President Garfield by Charles J. Guiteau, at Baltimore railway depot in Washington, July 2. Death of President Garfield at Elberon, N. J., Sept. 19, burial at Cleveland, Sept. 26. Vice President Arthur becomes Prosident, Sept. 26. Special session of the Senate, Oct. 30. The celebrated Guiteau. trial begins, Nov. 14. News of destruction of Jeannette, Arctic, exploring vessel, Dec. 30. 1882 Guiteau convicted Jan. 25; sentenced Feb. 4: hanged June 20. Anti-Chinese bill (twenty years) passed March 23; vetoed by the President April 4. Senate passes Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Bill, Feb. 16; approved March 23. Apportionment bill passes the House, Feb. 1.7. Great Mississippi overflow, wide destruction and, loss of life. li-ariff Commission Bill passes both Houses, May 6-9; approved May 15. 3ill extending National Bank charters passed both Houses, May 19. Violent cyclone at Grinnell, Ia., June, 8. Second Anti-Chinese bill (ten years) passed; signed by President Arthur, May 6. Collision of the Scioto on- Ohio river, 59 -persons drowned,'July 4.1 River and Harbor Bill passed over the President's veto, Aug. 2. Return of the suryiyors of the North Pole expedition. Star Route trial ended by v!erdlet of jury, Sept. 11, acquitting Turner, convicting Miner and Rerdell, and disagreeing as to Drady, the Dorsey brothers, and Vail. Steamer Asia founders on Lake Huron, 100 lives lost, Sept. 14. TJ'tah Commission completes registwtion of voters, Sept. 1882 The Pendleton Ci-ril Service Bill passes Senate, Dec. 27. 1883 Civil Service Reform bill passes the House, Jan. 4. Presidential Succession Bill passed Senate, Jan. 9; not considered in the House. Burning of Newhall House, Milwaukee, 59 lives lost, Jan. 10. Great flood in Ohio River, 50,000 people homeless, Feb. 10-15.-- Tariff and Tax Amendment Bill passes both Houses, March 2. Death of Alexander H. Stephens, aged 71, March 4. Death of Peter Cooper, aged 92, April 4. Cyclone at Beauregard, Miss., 83 lives lost; tornadoes in Iowa and Georgia, April 22. Opening of the Brooklyn Suspension Bridge, May 24. Pendleton Civil Service Act passes both Houses, July 16. - Steamer Proteus of the Greely Relief Expedition crushed by ice in Smith'* Sound, July 23. Terrific tornado at Rochester, Minn., many lives lost, Aug. 21. '11Y Northern Pacific Railroad forma opened, Sept. 8. Civil Rights Act of March 1, 1875, declared unconstitutional by U. S. Supreme Court, Oct. 15. Gen. Sherman relinquishes command of the army, Nov. 1; Gen. Sheridan succeeding. Two-cent letter postage goes into effect throughout the United States, Oct. L Serious riot at Danville, Va., between negroes and white military, Nov. 3. Dakota adopted a constitution " erecting Southern Dakota into a State, Nov. 6. Festivals in honor of the 400th anniversary of Luther's birth, Nov. 10-11. 48th Congress organized. 1884 House repeals the iron-clad oath law, Jan. 21. Germany returns resolutions of the House laudatory of Ruskin, Feb. 15. United States Supreme Court affirms the constitutionality of Legal Tender Act, March 3. Mexican War pension bill passes I-louse, March 3. The Senate ratifies commercial treaty with Mexico, March 11. ' Defeat of Morrison Tariff bill, May 6. Congress appropriates $1,000,000 for New Orleans Exposition, May 8. Great panic in Wall street; Failure of Grant and Ward and others, May 6-14. Relief expedition rescues survivors of the Greely Arctic expeditfon, at Cape Sabine, June 22. President vetoes the Fitz-John Porter bill, July 2. Corner-stone of the Bartholdi Statue of Liberty laid, Aug. 6. The general election resulted in the election of Grover Cleveland, who carried 20 States, securing 219 electoral votes against 182 for James G. Bla;ne, Nov. 4. Opening of the 48th Congress, Dec. 1. 1885 Grover Cleveland resigns the New York governorship, Jan. 6. Dedication of the Washington monument, the tallest structure known, 555 feet, Feb. 21. occupation of Aspinwall, S. A., by United States troops. Inauguration of Grover Cleveland as President, March 4. New Orleans Exposition opeDed, Dec. 16. Treaty with Colombian Government, providing a joint protectorate over the Isthmus, May 5. The Revised Old Testament and com-1 -4.-. -I-MoTinrl lVoir IQ I silver defeated, April 8. Chicago Anarchist riot, 6 police killed and 61, wounded, May 4. Anarchists indicted at Chicago, May 27. President Cleveland married to Miss Frances Folsom, June 2. Oleomargarine bill passes the Senate, June 20. Morrison Tariff bill defeated, June 17. I-louse of Representatives passed bill repealing the pre-emption, timber culture and desert-land laws, June 7. Bill to repeal the Civil Ser-vice law indefinitely postponed by the U. S. Senate, June 1.8. Congress requires the Treasury to issue small denomination silver certificates, July 24. The President warns office holders against attempts to control political movements, July. Death of Samuel J. Tilden, aged 74, Aug. 4. Chicago anarchists.to the number of'S, found guilty of murder, Aug. 20. Earthquake at Charleston, S. C., destroying $5,000,000 worth of propert., and 57 lives, Aug. 30-31. Surrender of the Apache chief Geronimo and his band, Sept. 4. Death of Ex-President Chester A. Arthur, aged 66. Bill to regulate the counting of electoral votes passed, Dec. 9. 1887 Inter-State Commerce bill signed, Feb. 4. House defeats the Dependent Soldier Pension Bill, Feb. 24. Belmont Retaliation bill passed, March 2. Bill to reddem trade dollars passed, March 19. Inter-State Commerce commission app ointed, March 22. Mormon convention at Salt Lake City adopt a Constitution, July 1. Defeat of the Scotch cutter Thistle by the American Volunteer in race for "America cup," Sept. 27-and 30. President and Mrs. Cleveland leave Washington for a Western trip. Mormon convention of monogamists petition Congress for admission of Utah as a State, Oct. S. United States Supreme Court refuses to interfere with the finding of Illinois courts in anarchist cases, Nov. 1. Governor Oglesby commutes death sentences of Schwab and Fielden to life Imprisonment, Nov. 10. Hanging, at Chicago, of the anarchists Parsons, Spies, Engel and Fischer, Nov. 11. Republican National Committee select.Chicago for National Convention, June 16,ý 1888. Dec. S. 1888 Terrible blizzard in Minnesota, Dakota and Iowa; 200 lives lost, Jan. 12. Inter-State. Commission confirmed by the U. S. Senate, Jan. 16. Fisheries treaty with Great Britain signed at Washington, Feb, 15. Strike of engineers and firemen on the C., B. & Q. R. R. began Feb. 25 - 1888 Deadlock in the House of RepresenLatives over the Direct Tax bill, April 9. Death of Chief Justice Morrison R. Waite, aged 72 years, March 23. Knights of Labor appeal to Congress for a system of Government telegraph, April 12. Death of Roscoe Conklin, ex-U. S. Senator, aged 60 years, April -18. Daily sales of U. S. bonds began, April 23. Melville 'W. Full 'er, of Illinois, nominated by the President as Chief Justice, April 30; con-firmed by the Senate, July 20. Chinese Treaty ratified by U. S. Senate, May 7. Execution of murderers by electricity after Jan. 1, 1889, passes N. Y. Senate, May 8; approved by the Governor, June 4. The President approves of bill to invite a conference of American States at Washington in 1889, May 24. Lieut.-Gen. Philip H. Sharidan confirmed as General of the A -my, June I. National Democratic Convention at St. Louis renominates President ClevelAnd, June 6. National Department of Labor bill approved by the President, June 13. The President signed the Chinese Exclusion Bill, forbidding any Chinese laborer who has been, or may now be, or may hereafter be, a resident within the U. S., and may depart therefrom, and who may not have returned before the passage of this act, to return to, or remain in, the U. S., Oct. 1. Death of General Philip IL Sheridan,. aged 57 years, August 5. Major-Gen. John M. Schofield appointed to the command of the army; August 14. U. S. Senate rejects the Fisheries treaty, August 21. President's message to the U. S. Senate recommending enlarged powers under the Retaliation act, August 23. Floods at Augusta, Ga., destroyed 000,000 worth * of property, Sept. 12. Bill prohibiting coming of Chinese laborers approyed, Sept. 13. September wheat touched $2. on Chicago Board of Trade, Sept. 29. U. S. Supreme Court sustains the constitutionality of the Iowa "Prohibitory Law," Oct. 22. The "Murchison" decoy letter to Lord Sack-ville West inade public, Oct. 24. Lord Sackville West, British Minister, dismissed by the President; Oct. 20. National Election for President; the Republican candidates elected, Nov. 6. Official yellow fever, bulletin gave total number of deaths 412, and of cases 4,705, at Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 10. U. S. men-of-war Galena and Yantle sailed for Hayti to demand release of the Haytian Republic, Dec. 12. 1889 Great storm in Pennsylvania; many lives lost at Pittsburgh and Reading, Jan. 9. Niagara Suspension Bridge blown down at 3 a. m., Jan. 10. Department of Agriculture created, Feb. 4. The States of North and South Dakota, Montana and Washington, created by Congress, Feb. 20. Benjamin Harrison -inaugurated President, March 4. Oklahoma proclamation issued, May 27. Opening of the Oklahoma country,. April 22. Centennial of 'Washington's inauguration, April 30. Murder of Dr. Cronin at Chicago, May 4 Destruction by flood of Johnstown, Pa., 1890 Appointment of Special World's Fair Committee, Jan. 18. La Grippe or Influenza prevalent throughout the Northern and Western States. Death of Gen. Crook, at Chicago, March 19. Act approved providing for the World's Columbian Exposition, at Chicago, April 25. Death of Gen. Fremont, at New York city, July 13. First execution 'by electricity, at Auburn, N. Y., Wm. Kemmler, Aug. 6. First legislature of Oklahoma meets, Aug. 31. Act forbidding the use of the malls for lottery -purposes, arproved Sept. 19. The McKinley tariff bill takes effect, Oct. 6. General election; next House of Representatives Democratic, Nov. 4. The 51st Congress convenes, Dec. 1. Sitting Bull and seven other Indians killed near Standing Rock Agencly, Dec. 15. Battle of Wounded Xinee, between the 7th Cavalry and hostile Indians, Dec. ft 1891 Death of George Bancroft, historian, at Washington, Jan. 17..Death of Wm. Windom at a, banquet in ý New York, Jan. 29. International Monetary Congress met at Washington, Jan. 7. Application before the U. S. Supreme Court fol, a prohibition to the U. S. District Court on its decision in the Behring Sea difficulty by Canadian representatives, Jan. 12. Sioux Indian war ended by submission of the Hostiles, Jan. 15. Reciprocity treaty with Brazil announced, Feb. 5. Death of Admiral David D. Porter, at Washington, Feb. 13. Death of Gen. Wm. T. Sherman., at 'Washington, Feb. 14. Charles Foster, of Ohio, appointed Secretary of the Treasury, Feb. 21. Copyright bill passed Congress, March 3. Act creating Circuit Court of Appeals, passed March 3. French Spoliation Bill passed, March 3. The Copyright bill becomes a law, March 4. The Enlistment of Indians in the U. S. army authorized March 6. Proposed arbitration of Behring Sea dispute. March 11. Lynching of 11 Italians at New Orleans, March 14. Nicaragua Canal Party sails, March 14. American Society of Authors formed for the protection of writers, March 00. Recall of the Italian Minister, Baron Fava, March 21. 25th anniversary of the founding of the Grand Army of the Republic, April G. Ground broken for the Grant Monument, New York City, April 27. 1891 Chinese Government refuses to receive the American Minister, H. W. Blair, April 28. Fort Berthold Reservation, N. D., opened for settlement, May 20. "'The People's Party" formed at Cincinnati, May 20. Statue of Abraham Lincoln unveiled at Lincoln Park, Chicago, May 23. Bronze statue of General Grant, at Galena, Ill., unveiled, June 3. The Czar of Russia presents Stanford University with a complete collection of Russian and Siberian minerals, June 12. Surrender of the Chilian ship, Itata, at Iquique, to the U. S., June 4. First shipment of block tin from California mines,. June 15. Tnternation'al Postal Congress held at Vienna decides to hold next Congress at Washing'Clon, June 25. Commercial treaty with Spain signed, June 26. Transfer of the Weather Bureau to the Agricultural Department, Stine 30. $500.00 accepted from the Itata for violation of the U. S. Navigation laws, July. Libel filed against the arms and ammunition on the Itata, at San Diego, July 12. Statue of Stonewall Jackson unveiled at Lexington, Va., July 21. Smokeless powder used for the first time by the U. S. Government, July 25. The "Majestic" breaks the ocean record, tilne being 5d. 18h. 8m., Aug. 5. Cherokee strip in Indian Territory closed to Whites, Aug. 13. Rain-making experiment at Midland, Texas, Aug. 19. The "Teutoiiic" breaks the trans-Atlan-.tic record of the "Majestic," time 5d. 16h. 31m., Aug. 19. Indian lands of Oklahoma opened, Sept. 22. Dedication of Pope Leo XTIL statue, presented to the Catholic University at Washington, Sept. 28. Leland Stanford, Jr., Univ(11r,;4ty at Palo Alto, Cal., opened, Oct. 1. Equestrian statue of General Grant at Lincoln Park, Chicago, unveiled, Oct. 7. Commercial treaty with Germany concluded, Oct. 11. Shoshone and Arapahoe Indians sell cne million acres of land to the GOV3rnment at 55 cents an acre, Oct. 16. U. S. Government demands reparation from Chili for assault on the crew of the Baltimore, Oct. 26. Argument in the Sayward case, to kest U. S. jurisdiction over Behring Sea, begun in the U. S. Supreme Court, Nov. 9. Congress met; Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, chosen Speaker, Dec. 7. 1892 Stevens County, Kan., war again breaks out, Jan. 5. Inter-State Commerce Commission IPpointýd by the President, Jan. 5. Terrible mine explosion at McAlester, Ind. Ter., Dearly 100 lives lost, Jan. 7. Secretary Blaine notifies foreign countries of retaliatory measures, as iequired by the Tariff Law, Jan. 8. Special message to Congress from the, President, recommending financial aid to the World's Columbian Exhibition, Feb. 24. The President submits correspondence with England to Congress, regardi-nig, Behring Sea controversy, March 9. Ex-Congressnian W, R. Morrison selected as President of the Inter-State Commerce Cominission, vice Judge Cooley, fesigned, March 21. Free Silver coinage debate 'in Congress,.March 22-24. P rp-n Ph R-vtrnditinn Trpn.tv qi ýrn P.0 Tcmrible floods in the Mississirpi Val-7ý, May 8-15. Wyoming appoints women to National Republican Conventlon, May 7. The Alliance party proposes a new currency, May S. The Pope approve,ý Archbishop Treland's Educational. Policy, 1%,Tay 10. Association ult American authors formed, May 17. Reciprocity with Guatemala goes into effect, May 30. James G. Blaine resigDs as Secretary of State, June 4. Republican National Convention held, June 7. Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reld I nominated, June 1.0. Democratic National -Convention held,, June 21. Grover Cleveland and Adlal Stevenson nominated, June 23. Peary Arctic relief expedition sails, June 27.. Homestead, Pa., Steel Works closed, June 30. Prohibitionists nominate John Bidwell for President, July 1. People's Party nominate James B. Weaver for President, July 4. Slaughter of Pinkerton men at Homestead, July 6. National Christian EndeaTor Society Convention at New York, July 7. Pennsylvania troops take possession of Homestead, Pa., July 10. Bill to close the World's Fair on Sunday passes both Houses, July 14. Great storms in Minnesota, July 30. The President proclaims Oct. 12 a National holiday, July 21. H. 0. Frick, - chairman Carnegie Steel Co., shot by Derkman, July 23. George Shiras confirmed by the Senate as Associate Justice U. S. Supreme Court, July 26. Inman Steamer City of Paris breaks the Ocean Record, 5d. 15h. 58m., July 27. Central Labor Union rejects anarchistic resolutions, July 30. Congress appropriates $2,500,000 to the 'World's Fair, Aug. 5. Chinese sailors forbidden employment on American ships, Aug. 5. International Monetary representatives appointed by the President, Aug. 7. Trouble among East Tennessee mir.ers, Aug. 13. Railroad strike of switchmen at Bilf-i falo, great destruction of prop.-%rty, Au g. 14. The President proclaims retaliation against Canada on canals, Aug. 20. Nancy Hanks again breaks the trotting record, 2.051/4, Aug. 21. Death of George William Curtis, author and journalist, Aug. 31. Cholera brought to T,,Tew York City by Hamburg steamer Monrovia, Aug.31. Nelson beats the stallion record. 2.13ýy/,, Aug. 31. 1892 Death of J. G. Whittier, poet, Sept. 7. Nancy Hanks again breaks the trotting record, 2.04, Sept. 28. Formal opening of the Chicago-University, Oct. 1. Dedication of the World's Fair buildings, at Chicago, Oct. 21. Fire at Milwaukee destroys 315 buildings, with $5,000,000 loss. Anarchist monument dedicated at Waldheim Cemetery, near Chicago, Nov. 6. Great strike at Homestead, Pa., declared off, Nov. 19. Stamboul lowers stallion record at Stockton, Cal., 2:071/2, Nov. 23. Death of Jay Gould, capitalist, Dec. 2. Dr. McGlyTin restored as a priest, Dec. 23. Immense gold fields discovered in titah, Dec. 27. Prof. Briggs acquitted of heresy, Dec. 29. Great floods in California, Dec. 29. George W. Vanderbilt gives a costly ait gallery to the Fine Arts Society at New York, Dec. 30. 1893 Death of General Benjamin F. Butler, Jan. 1I. Senat-le passes the Seal Protection Bill, Jan.. '13. Death of ex-President R. B. Hayes, Jan. 17. Hawaiian Provisional Government proclaimed, supported by U. S. authorities, Jan. 17. Death of James G. Blaine, statesman, Jan. 27. Russian Extradition Treaty confirmý3d, Feb. 8. Conflict of rival LegIslatures in Kansas, Feb. 21-25. Rank of American Ambassador established, -March 1. Inauguration of President Cleveland, March 4. Behring Sea arbitration opened at Paris, France, April 10. President Cleveland opens World's Fair at Chicago, May I. ' Chinese Exclusion Act goes into eff ect, May 1. Governor Altgeld pardons Chicago anarchists, June 28. Extra session of Congress called June 30. Great fire, at World's Fair, 24 lives lost, July 10. Behring Sea arbitrators award in favor of ED-gland, Aug. 15. Glreat storin on South Atlantic coast, Aug. 28. Wabash railroad accident at Kingsbury, 14 killed, 45 wounded, Sept. 22. Chicago Day at the World's Fair, attendance 716,881, Oct. 9. World's Fair closed at Chicago, Oct. 30. Repeal of the Silver Purchase Clause Act of 1.890, Nov. 1. 1894 New York Court of Appeals decides that foreign corporations may hold real estate in Ne-v-ý York State, Jan. 16. Wilson Tariff Bill and Income Tax passes the House, Jan. 31. U. S. Warship Kearsarge, famous as thedestroyer of the Confederate Alabania, wrecked on Roncador Reef, Feb. 2. Death of George W. Childs, philanthropist and journalist, at Philadelphia, Feb. 3. Greater New York bill signed by the Governor, Feb. 28. President Cleveland vetoes the Bland Silver bill, March 30. Behrina Sea proclamation issued, April Unconstitutionality of the South Carolina Dispensary law declared, April 19. 136,000 coal miners ordered to strike in CYh i n Anril 9.0 men idle, Aug. 13. United States recognizes the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the Mosquito Coast, Aug. 26. New Tariff becomes a law, without the President's si-nature, Aug. 27. Earthquake with great loss of life at Uvalde, Texas, Aug. 31. A Reciprocity Treaty with Cuba cancellel by Spain, Sept. 3. President Cleveland's Hawaiian letter first published, Sept. 5. Amnesty granted polygamists in Utah, Sept. 27. Death of Prof. David Swing at Chicago, Oct. 3. Death of Ojiver Wendell Holmes, Oct. 7. G-overnmeiit offers to arbitrate in the Japan-China war, Nov. 6. 1891 Famous Mora case settled with Spain. Cotton States Exposition at Atlanta, Ga., opened. 1896 Utah,, 45th State, admitted, Ian. 6. WRliam McKinley elected President, of the T-T. S., Nov. 3. IM7 U. S. Senate passed resolution for recog. nition of belligerency of Cuba,, Maj 20. Great G o I d Discoveries of Elondyke, July 15. ISM U, S. Battleship Maine ilestroyed by ex. plosion in Flavan a harbc r, Feb, 15. Independence of Cuba recognized by resolution of Congress, April 19; and President's proclamation calling for 125,000 volunteers, April 23. Commodore Dewey destroyed Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, May 1. Squadron under Schley and Sampson destroyed Spanish fleet under Cervera off Santiago de Cuba, July S. Peace protocol signed, a-ad President's proclamation issued suspending hostM. ties, Aug. 12. 18M Beginning of war for suppfression of Aguinaldo and his followers; Filipino Insurgents inaugurated general eng.0 ment, Feb. 4. "goPeace Treaty with Spain ratitled b3r the U. 18. Smate, Feb. 6. 1900 City of Galveston, Tex., destroyed by hurricane, Sept. 8; 6000 lives lost. Twelfth Census of U. S. gives population 76,296,220. 1 1 1901 President Wm. McKinley inaugurated for seciond term, March; assassinated, Sept, 6o died, Sept. 14. 190 Great anthracite coal-miner sitrike ýegan, May. 1903 Iroquois Theatre, Chicago, bumed Dee, 30, 600 lives lost. 1904 Theodore Roos.evelt elected President, Nov. 6. 1905 Wireless message sent from Kansas City to Cleveland, a dntance of 725 milea, Jan. 15. 1907 Great financial depression, Oct. 1908 Boyertown, Pa. theatre burned, 175 liveo lost, January. I Copyright, 1905, by Geo. A, 0---,ý-le & Coý

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Page  [unnumbered] I ATLAS OF GRAND TRAVERSE COUNTY 1908 RECEIVED: No covers, wire stitched through the side. Staples rusting, leather back still tight to spine. Pages at front and back worn and frayed around edges, water stains on edges of pages toward the back. TREATMENT: Pick to pieces. Number pages, remove old guards., Wash, dry, press, deacidify, laminate. Guard pages & stub for thickness. Add endsheets, bind in scrapbook style binding. MATERIALS: Wei T'o deacidification solution. Ehlermann's PVA LAL 215. Swift's 2f 295 glue, PROMATCO endsheet paper, reinforcing paper, nylon laminating tissue. Ademco unsupported lamatec. Davey "Red Label" binder's board. Acid-free conservation mounting board. Library buckram. 23K gold. McBee sawtooth lockpinns. Gve Pcoir 4IuoC PVA o<ktsb, ANN FLOWERS DATE COMPLETED: June 2, 1982 I

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