9. Sikhs would invariably argue emphatically that Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708) did not shed blood in defense of Hindu dharma, but rather in defense of Sikhi and against political repression (Singh 1999). In fact, few histories deny that Guru Gobind Singh fought in battles against Hindu rajahs, as well as with them when against Muslim rulers. Many Sikhs argue that Hindu fundamentalist discourse problematically appropriates Sikh martyrs in an effort to encompass Sikhism as part of Hinduism.

 [ return to text ]