10. By the time I entered the field the Khalistan movement had receded so far in to the political background in Punjab that the separatist movement in the Washington DC area was only maintaining itself through very heavy-handed, ahistorical discourses of Othering and hatred. Perhaps my timing, in addition to the fact that I did not explicitly do interviews with torture victims, made my experience with Sikh militants less complex and multivalent than Mahmood’s. I could find nothing tolerable about the intolerance being taught to children at the most religiously and politically conservative of the Sikh gurdwaras where I did research.
[ return to text ]