Lincoln's Vandalia, a pioneer portrait; illus. by Romaine Proctor.
Baringer, William Eldon, 1909-

PART II

  • Page 31 ^1 The Illinois Monthly Magazine, II (Jan., 1832), 172-174.
  • Page 31 ^2 Illinois Advocate, Dec. 24, 1834; W. B. Archer to Jacob Harlan, Jan. 16, 1833, Harlan-Archer MSS., Illinois State Hist. Lib.; Sangamo Journal, April 19, 1834.
  • Page 32 ^3 Illinois Advocate, July 19, Oct. 29, 1834.
  • Page 32 ^4 Ibid., Dec. 16, 1831, Sept. 7, 1833, Feb. 27, Nov. 19, 1834, Jan. 20, 1836; Illinois Intelligencer, Nov. 5, Dec. 16, 1831; Sangamo Journal, Jan. 10, 1835; Illinois State Register, Aug. 26, 1836, May 4, 1838.
  • Page 33 ^5 Illinois Advocate, Feb. 11, 18, 1835.
  • Page 33 ^6 John Carroll Power, History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois, Springfield, Ill., 1876, 185-186; Illinois Advocate, Dec. 20, 1834, Feb. 4, 1835; Ross, op. cit., 26, 56.
  • Page 34 ^7 Illinois Advocate, June 3, 1831, March 16, Sept. 7, 1833, March 22, Dec. 24, 1834, Jan. 28, 31, Dec. 30, 1835.
  • Page 35 ^8 Beardstown Chronicle, Dec. 6, 1834.
  • Page  131Page 35 ^9 W. S. Prentice, "Recollections of Vandalia Thirty Years Ago," in History of Fayette Co., Philadelphia, 1878, 30.
  • Page 36 ^1^0 William Pickering to I. N. Arnold, 1866, photostat, The Abra|ham Lincoln Association; Daniel Roberts, "A Reminiscence of Stephen A. Douglas," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol., 87 (Nov., 1893), 957-959; County Commissioners on March 5, 1832, Record Book; Illinois Advocate, Sept. 7, 1833.
  • Page 38 ^1^1 Ford, op. cit., 28, 32, 40, 103.
  • Page 38 ^1^2 Ibid., 55, 89-91.
  • Page 39 ^1^3 A. D. Jones, Illinois and the West, Philadelphia, 1838, 101 ff.
  • Page 39 ^1^4 W. D. Howells, Life of Abraham Lincoln (The Abraham Lincoln Association edition, Springfield, Ill., 1938), 40, Lincoln's note.
  • Page 40 ^1^5 Contract between A. P. Field and Asahel Lee, 10th G. A., Misc. State House Papers (misdated), Illinois State Archives; Illinois Intelligencer, Jan. 28, 1832; Illinois Advocate, Nov. 27, 1832; Senate Journal, 1834-35, 412; Memorandum of Property, 1833, made by John York Sawyer, public printer, 1832-33 G. A., Misc. State House Accounts.
  • Page 40 ^1^6 Howells, op. cit., 41. Although Douglass signed his name thus at this time, he dropped an s in later years.
  • Page 42 ^1^7 Illinois State Register, March 15, 1885.
  • Page 42 ^1^8 Alton Telegraph, Nov. 25, 1864; Usher F. Linder, Reminiscences of the Early Bench and Bar of Illinois, Chicago, 1879, 260; Quincy Whig, Jan. 25, 1840.
  • Page 43 ^1^9 Frank E. Stevens, "Alexander Pope Field," Journal, Ill. State Hist. Soc., IV (April, 1911), 7-37.
  • Page 45 ^2^0 For the complete list, see House Journal, 9th G. A., 1 sess., 3-4.
  • Page 49 ^2^1 Jones, op. cit., 101 ff.
  • Page 49 ^2^2 Theodore C. Pease, Illinois Election Returns, Springfield, Ill., 1923, 268-278, lists 27 Democrats, 1 questionable Democrat, 17 Whigs, 2 questionable Whigs, and 8 unidentified.
  • Page 52 ^2^3 Robert D. Holt, "The Political Career of William A. Richard|son," Journal, Ill. State Hist. Soc., XXVI (Oct., 1933), 226.
  • Page 52 ^2^4 Quincy Whig, Dec. 28, 1839.
  • Page 53 ^2^5 House Journal, 80, 81, 84, 86; House Bill 34, 9th G. A. MSS., Illinois State Archives, copy, The Abraham Lincoln Associa|tion.
  • Page 53 ^2^6 House Journal, 103.
  • Page 55 ^2^7 Ibid., 153-154; Illinois Advocate, Dec. 27, 1834.
  • Page 56 ^2^8 House Journal, 233; Sangamo Journal, Jan. 17, 1835.
  • Page 56 ^2^9 Douglas's speech at Ottawa, Aug. 21, 1858, in Frank E. Stevens, "Life of Stephen A. Douglas," Journal, Ill. State Hist. Soc., XVI (Oct., 1923-Jan., 1924), 250.
  • Page  132Page 57 ^3^0 Jesse W. Fell to David Davis, Dec. 15, 1885, Illinois State Journal, Jan. 14, 1886.
  • Page 58 ^3^1 House Journal, 311, 515.
  • Page 58 ^3^2 Harry E. Pratt, The Personal Finances of Abraham Lincoln, Spring|field, Ill., 1943, 143; House Journal, 343-344.
  • Page 58 ^3^3 Theodore C. Pease, The Frontier State, Springfield, Ill., 1918, 62-69. The major part came from taxes on lands owned by non-residents, various school funds, rent on state-owned saline lands, etc.
  • Page 59 ^3^4 Illinois Advocate, Dec. 24, 1834, Jan. 7, 14, 21, 31, Feb. 14, 1835; Sangamo Journal, Dec. 27, 1834, Jan. 10, Feb. 7, 14, 1835.
  • Page 59 ^3^5 Sangamo Journal, Jan. 24, 1835; Illinois Advocate, Dec. 17, 1834, Feb. 14, 1835.
  • Page 60 ^3^6 House Journal, 9th G. A., 2 sess., 404.
  • Page 62 ^3^7 Harry E. Pratt, Lincoln, 1809-1839, Springfield, Ill., 1941, xxxviii; MSS., 9th G. A., 1 sess., Illinois State Archives.
  • Page 62 ^3^8 Authorities on the period have not gone quite the whole dis|tance in identifying the anonymous correspondent as Lincoln. Pratt (Lincoln, 1809-1839, xliii) wrote, "These letters are thought to have been written by Lincoln." A. J. Beveridge (Abraham Lincoln, I, 171, n. 5) concluded that the author "almost cer|tainly was Lincoln." The style of the letters is like that of his known writings. But the strongest evidence is the fact that Lincoln was the only Sangamon County Whig continuously in the legislature during the time the letters were written, the 9th and 10th general assemblies.
  • Page 62 ^3^9 Sangamo Journal, Jan. 31, Feb. 7, 1835.
  • Page 63 ^4^0 "Short autobiography . . . ," June, 1860, John G. Nicolay and John Hay (eds.), The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, New York, 1905, VI, 32-33; Robert T. Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress.
  • Page 64 ^4^1 Deposition of Harvey Lee, Dec., 1836, Misc. State House Papers, 1836-37 G. A., Illinois State Archives; House Journal, 10th G. A., 1 sess., 840; Senate Journal, 334.
  • Page 65 ^4^2 Sangamo Journal, Feb. 6, 13, 20, 1836.
  • Page 65 ^4^3 Ibid., Dec. 12, 19, 1835.
  • Page 67 ^4^4 Ibid., Jan. 2, 9, 1836; the second pigeon was a convention Democrat who was defeated for the office of probate judge.
  • Page 67 ^4^5 House Journal, 274, 286, 305.
  • Page 68 ^4^6 Ibid., 27; Illinois Advocate, Dec. 23, 1835, Feb. 17, 1836; Bever|idge (I, 171-172) says the Senate was Whig by a majority of one. There were only 8 Whig senators (Pease, Illinois Election Returns, 252-255, 265-267, 279-280).