[8]   The difficulties growing out of a Peruvian attack in 1863 on the Spanish settlement of Talambo and the subsequent seizure by Spain of the Chincha Islands was settled by treaty in January, 1865. The U.S. minister to Spain, Gustave Koerner, had promoted the arbitration. The peace was broken, however, by Peru's declaration of war on Spain in January, 1866.

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