Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 8.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.


[1]   DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 38A F1; DS, The Rosenbach Company, Philadelphia and New York. The two almost identical manuscripts of this message were copied by three different clerks, the respective portions appearing in the same handwriting in each copy. The figures on the vote in the November election (see note 39 infra) appear to have been inserted in both copies by Lincoln himself. Several fragments of Lincoln's original autograph draft have been preserved as indicated below in the notes to the respective passages. Endorsements by John D. Defrees on some of these fragments indicate that Defrees cut up the autograph draft and distributed the fragments among his friends. Other fragments may exist, but if so, they have escaped the editors.

[2]   The Report of the Secretary of State, upon which Lincoln's summary is based, may be found in Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Document No. 1, Volumes I-IV.

[3]   Crowned in June, 1864, Emperor Maximilian was captured and executed in June, 1867, by the Mexican forces of President Benito P. Juarez.

[4]   The revolt of 1863 led by Maximo Jerez against the government of Tomas Martinez had been suppressed in 1864.

[5]   The convention signed on February 10, 1864, and ratified on July 9, 1864, provided for completion of the work of the convention signed on September 10, 1857, and ratified in November, 1860, to adjust claims arising out of a riot in Panama during April, 1856. Five claims had been denied by the United States of Colombia, which government had succeeded the United States of New Granada in 1863.

[6]   In September, 1864, the reorganized United States of Venezuela under Juan José Falcon completed payment of a claim of $130,000, in favor of Lemvis W. Tappan, Philo S. Shelton and George R. Sampson, shipowners and merchants of Boston, who had been forced to abandon their Aves Island (West Indies) development of guano deposits.

[7]   The convention meeting at Lima, Peru, from July 17 to November 27, 1863, awarded $57,196.23 to the United States, and $25,300 to Peru.

[8]   The difficulties growing out of a Peruvian attack in 1863 on the Spanish settlement of Talambo and the subsequent seizure by Spain of the Chincha Islands was settled by treaty in January, 1865. The U.S. minister to Spain, Gustave Koerner, had promoted the arbitration. The peace was broken, however, by Peru's declaration of war on Spain in January, 1866.

[9]   See Lincoln's letter to King Leopold of Belgium, June 13, 1863, supra. Payment of the award was made in April, 1864.

[10]   A bill (S. 356) authorizing the president to transfer a gunboat to the government of Liberia was introduced in the Senate by Charles Sumner on December 13, 1864. The bill passed the Senate but died in the House. A similar act was finally passed and approved on April 17, 1866.

[11]   See Lincoln's Annual Message of December 8, 1863.

[12]   Following the death of William S. Thayer, Charles Hale of Massachusetts was appointed consul and presented his credentials in October, 1864. During the intervening time an acting vice-consul named (Francis?) Dainese, who had been acting since the death of Vice-consul Charles Marsh in January, 1864, had become persona non grata to the Egyptian government (Hale to Seward, October 22, 1864, House Executive Document No. 1, IV, 406 ff.).

[13]   The Taiping rebellion ended with the fall of Nanking, the rebel capital, in the summer of 1864 (Anson Burlingame to Seward, August 15, 1864, ibid., [II, 438).

[14]   See notes to Lincoln's orders of October 12 and December 3, supra.

[15]   See proclamation of November 19, supra.

[16]   In October, 1864, the U.S.S. Wachusett had rammed and captured the Confederate Florida in port at Bahia, Brazil. British complaints concerned a violation of neutrality by the U.S. gunboat Tioga, reported to have anchored without permission at Bimini Roadstead, in the Bahamas (Charles F. Adams to Seward, June 16, 1864, House Executive Document No. 1, II, 120).

[17]   See Lincoln's communication to the Senate and House of Representatives, March 14, supra. The U.S. settled the claims of the British companies by two payments of $325,000 on September 26, 1870, and September 15, 1871.

[18]   On October 19, 1864, a band of Confederate raiders led by Lieutenant Bennett H. Young had crossed the Canadian border and robbed a bank in St. Albans, Vermont. One U.S. citizen was killed and several were wounded in the raid.

[19]   On February 7, 1865, Representative Elihu B. Washburne introduced a bill to amend the act to encourage immigration approved July 4, 1864, and the act to regulate carriage of passengers in steamships approved March 3, 1855. Although the bill passed the House on February 24, 1865, it died in the Senate.

[20]   The Report of the Secretary of the Treasury may be found in Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Document No. 3.

[21]   The Report of the Secretary of War may be found in Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Document No. 83.

[22]   The Report of the Secretary of the Navy may be found in Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Document No. 1, Volume VI.

[23]   Secretary Welles recommended that a navy yard be built on League Island near Philadelphia. Several bills were introduced in the House authorizing establishment of yards at other places, but none passed.

[24]   An act to establish the grade of vice-admiral was approved on December 21, 1864.

[25]   The Report of the Postmaster General may be found in House Executive Document No. 1, Volume V.

[26]   An act to authorize establishment of ocean mail service between the United States and China was approved on February 17, 1865.

[27]   See Lincoln's proclamation of October 31, supra.

[28]   The Report of the Secretary of the Interior may be found in Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Document No. 1, Volume V.

[29]   The act was approved on April 8, 1864. An amendment to the act was approved on March 3, 1865, but no legislation for improving the Indian system generally was passed.

[30]   The Report of the Secretary of Agriculture may be found in Thirty-eighth Congress, Second Session, House Executive Document No. 68. Lincoln's brief paragraph on the Department of Agriculture is a revision of the shortest of three tentative drafts prepared by the department:

``The Agricultural Department under the management of its present experienced and efficient head, is giving daily proofs of valuable benefits that enure to the agriculture of the country by the judicious application of the means appropriated by government. It is encouraging a more vigorous prosecution of industry, by its taking hold of the information that is imparted, and is opening new fields of enterprise, and new channels of wealth.

``So fully am I convinced of the capabilities and advantages of the agricultural Department to the objects of its institution, and to the benefits it is dispensing, that I respectfully commend it to your favorable consideration, and liberal encouragement.'' (DLC-RTL, 39059).

[31]   A fragment of Lincoln's autograph draft of this message comprising this paragraph and owned by Mrs. George E. Mack of New York City, bears the following endorsements:

``Washington, June 1 1866

``This is a portion of Mr. Lincoln's last annual message in his own hand writing.


``Govt Pub Printer

``This is to be given to Morris W Defrees. J.D.D.''

[32]   The autograph fragment reads ``steadily incroached upon the insurgent borders; thus liberating. . . .''

[33]   The autograph fragment comprising this paragraph is in the Oliver R. Barrett Collection.

[34]   The autograph fragment contains a sentence which Lincoln deleted: ``We must conclude that he feels our cause could, if need be, survive the loss of the whole detached force; while, by the risk, he takes a chance for the great advantages which would follow success.''

[35]   The autograph fragment beginning with ``presents'' and continuing to the end of the paragraph is owned by Justin G. Turner of Los Angeles, California. The fragment bears on the verso a certification by John D. Defrees dated June 1, 1866.

[36]   The autograph fragment has ``unclean'' instead of ``foul.''

[37]   The autograph fragment comprising the first two sentences of this paragraph is owned by Frank L. Pleadwell of Honolulu, Hawaii. On the verso appears an undated certification by John D. Defrees.

[38]   The autograph single page comprising this paragraph down to and including the phrase ``during the three years and a half of war'' is owned by Mrs. W. R. Gordon, Beloit, Wisconsin.

[39]   The autograph fragments (notes 38 and 40) do not contain the names of the states as listed in the signed copies. Blank spaces also are left in these two fragments where the figures for votes appear. Lincoln's tabulation of election returns (see December 1, supra) was not completed until after the Annual Message had been prepared, and the signed copies show these figures to have been inserted.

[40]   The autograph single page comprising the remainder of this paragraph is in the Beloit Historical Society, Beloit, Wisconsin.

[41]   The autograph single page comprising the remainder of this paragraph is in the IHi.

[42]   The autograph page had ``re-accepting'' instead of ``submitting to.''

[43]   The autograph fragment comprising all but the last sentence of this paragraph is in the Oliver R. Barrett Collection.

[44]   The autograph fragment beginning with this sentence and including the final paragraph is in The Library of Congress. It is accompanied by a letter of John D. Defrees, April 19, 1866, presenting the fragment to ``Mrs. Perry'' of Auburn, New York.

[45]   No manuscript of this table is with the manuscript of the Message in the National Archives. The table is reproduced here as printed in the Senate Journal, page 15, immediately following the Message. A similar text appears in the House Journal and in House Executive Document No. 1.