[1]   ADS, N; DS, DNA FS RG 11, Proclamations. The autograph proclamation in the New York State Library was presented by Lincoln to the Albany Army Relief Bazaar held in February and March, 1864, where it was purchased by Gerrit Smith for $1,100 and given to the U.S. Sanitary Commission, whence it was purchased again for $1,000 in April, 1865, by the State of New York for the State Library. A letter of transmittal from Frederick W. Seward to Mrs. Emily W. Barnes, January 4, 1864, correctly describes the body of the document as being in Lincoln's own handwriting, the pencilled additions in the hand of the Secretary of State, and the formal beginning and ending, in the hand of the chief clerk.'' Seward's emendations as well as other peculiarities of the document are indicated in succeeding footnotes.

From Lincoln's original the engrossed copy in the National Archives was made and an official printing was issued by the State Department accompanied by a Circular from Secretary Seward to Diplomatic and Consular officers. A copy of this Circular printing is preserved in the Lincoln Papers bearing Lincoln's endorsement ``Preliminary Proclamation from which a scrap was cut to paste onto the final one.'' The ``scrap'' cut away comprised paragraphs three and four of the Preliminary Proclamation, incorporated as paragraphs two and three of the Final Proclamation January 1, 1863, infra.

The purported facsimile of the original document which appears in Whitney, Life on the Circuit with Lincoln, and which has been referred to as a forgery (Charles Eberstadt, ``Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation,'' The New Colophon, 1950, pp. 312-56), is not reliable in detail, but appears to have been made from the original by a tracing process rather than by photography, and presents the passages which appear in the original as clippings from the official printings of the acts referred to, in type face and line length which do not correspond to the clippings themselves.

The history of the original document, prior to the cabinet meeting on September 22 at which Lincoln presented it, is somewhat obscure, except for the notation in Hay's Diary on September 23 that ``The President rewrote the Proclamation on Sunday morning carefully.'' This may be interpreted to mean that Lincoln rewrote directly from the draft of July 22 (supra), or that he rewrote from an intervening draft in more or less complete form. If the latter possibility is the case, the intervening draft has not been found. Later accounts of the writing of the Preliminary Proclamation are reminiscent and unreliable in detail (see George S. Boutwell, The Lawyer, the Statesman, and the Soldier, 1887, pp. 116-17). The full reports of the cabinet meeting on September 22 as recorded in the diaries of Chase and Welles are too long for reproduction here, but should be consulted by anyone interested in the reaction of the several members to Lincoln's announcement that he had made up his mind to issue the Proclamation forthwith.


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